bicycling

Summary

Summary: The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Active commuting and cardiovascular risk: a meta-analytic review
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Prev Med 46:9-13. 2008
  2. ncbi Active transport, physical activity, and body weight in adults: a systematic review
    Miriam Wanner
    Physical Activity and Health Unit, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Prev Med 42:493-502. 2012
  3. ncbi Improving health through policies that promote active travel: a review of evidence to support integrated health impact assessment
    Audrey de Nazelle
    Center for research in environmental epidemiology CREAL, Barcelona, Spain
    Environ Int 37:766-77. 2011
  4. pmc The health risks and benefits of cycling in urban environments compared with car use: health impact assessment study
    David Rojas-Rueda
    Center for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, c Doctor Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    BMJ 343:d4521. 2011
  5. ncbi Effect of increasing active travel in urban England and Wales on costs to the National Health Service
    James Jarrett
    Norwich Medical School, Health Economics Group, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Lancet 379:2198-205. 2012
  6. ncbi Walking, cycling, and obesity rates in Europe, North America, and Australia
    David R Bassett
    University of Tennessee Obesity Research Center, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:795-814. 2008
  7. ncbi Influence of exercise, walking, cycling, and overall nonexercise physical activity on mortality in Chinese women
    Charles E Matthews
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine and Public Health, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt University Medical School, Nashville, TN 37203 1738, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:1343-50. 2007
  8. ncbi Active transportation to school: trends among U.S. schoolchildren, 1969-2001
    Noreen C McDonald
    City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:509-16. 2007
  9. ncbi All-cause mortality associated with physical activity during leisure time, work, sports, and cycling to work
    L B Andersen
    Institute for Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Arch Intern Med 160:1621-8. 2000
  10. pmc Is active travel associated with greater physical activity? The contribution of commuting and non-commuting active travel to total physical activity in adults
    Shannon Sahlqvist
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit and UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Prev Med 55:206-11. 2012

Detail Information

Publications324 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Active commuting and cardiovascular risk: a meta-analytic review
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Prev Med 46:9-13. 2008
    ..The present review examines evidence from prospective epidemiological studies of commuting activity and cardiovascular risk...
  2. ncbi Active transport, physical activity, and body weight in adults: a systematic review
    Miriam Wanner
    Physical Activity and Health Unit, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Prev Med 42:493-502. 2012
    ..This review summarizes published evidence on associations of active transport, general physical activity, and body weight in adults...
  3. ncbi Improving health through policies that promote active travel: a review of evidence to support integrated health impact assessment
    Audrey de Nazelle
    Center for research in environmental epidemiology CREAL, Barcelona, Spain
    Environ Int 37:766-77. 2011
    ..Little is known, however, about the interconnections among effects of policies considered, including potential unintended consequences...
  4. pmc The health risks and benefits of cycling in urban environments compared with car use: health impact assessment study
    David Rojas-Rueda
    Center for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, c Doctor Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    BMJ 343:d4521. 2011
    ..To estimate the risks and benefits to health of travel by bicycle, using a bicycle sharing scheme, compared with travel by car in an urban environment...
  5. ncbi Effect of increasing active travel in urban England and Wales on costs to the National Health Service
    James Jarrett
    Norwich Medical School, Health Economics Group, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Lancet 379:2198-205. 2012
    ..Increasing the amount of walking and cycling in urban settings could reduce costs to the NHS, permitting decreased government expenditure on health or releasing resources to fund additional health care...
  6. ncbi Walking, cycling, and obesity rates in Europe, North America, and Australia
    David R Bassett
    University of Tennessee Obesity Research Center, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:795-814. 2008
    This study was designed to examine the relationship between active transportation (defined as the percentage of trips taken by walking, bicycling, and public transit) and obesity rates (BMI > or = 30 kg . m-2) in different countries.
  7. ncbi Influence of exercise, walking, cycling, and overall nonexercise physical activity on mortality in Chinese women
    Charles E Matthews
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine and Public Health, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt University Medical School, Nashville, TN 37203 1738, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:1343-50. 2007
    ..62, 0.99). These findings add new evidence that overall physical activity levels are an important determinant of longevity, and that health benefit can be obtained through an active lifestyle, exercise, or combinations of both...
  8. ncbi Active transportation to school: trends among U.S. schoolchildren, 1969-2001
    Noreen C McDonald
    City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:509-16. 2007
    ..Despite this attention, there has been little documentation of trends in school travel over the past 30 years or analysis of what has caused the changes in mode choice for school trips...
  9. ncbi All-cause mortality associated with physical activity during leisure time, work, sports, and cycling to work
    L B Andersen
    Institute for Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Arch Intern Med 160:1621-8. 2000
    ..Physical activity is associated with low mortality in men, but little is known about the association in women, different age groups, and everyday activity...
  10. pmc Is active travel associated with greater physical activity? The contribution of commuting and non-commuting active travel to total physical activity in adults
    Shannon Sahlqvist
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit and UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Prev Med 55:206-11. 2012
    ..To complement findings that active travel reduces the risk of morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases, an understanding of the mechanisms through which active travel may lead to improved health is required...
  11. pmc Motivations for active commuting: a qualitative investigation of the period of home or work relocation
    Caroline H D Jones
    MRC Epidemiology Unit and UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Box 296, Institute of Public Health, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, CB2 OSR, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:109. 2012
    ..This qualitative study aimed to explore experiences and motivations regarding travel behavior around the period of relocation, in an effort to understand how active commuting might be promoted more effectively...
  12. ncbi Health benefits of cycling: a systematic review
    P Oja
    UKK Institute, Tampere, Finland
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:496-509. 2011
    ....
  13. pmc Do the health benefits of cycling outweigh the risks?
    Jeroen Johan de Hartog
    University of Utrecht, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Environ Health Perspect 118:1109-16. 2010
    ....
  14. pmc Correlates of time spent walking and cycling to and from work: baseline results from the commuting and health in Cambridge study
    Jenna Panter
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Sciences, Cambridge, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:124. 2011
    ..We assessed these associations using baseline data from a quasi-experimental cohort study of the effects of major transport infrastructural developments in Cambridge, UK...
  15. ncbi Impaired exercise performance in the heat is associated with an anticipatory reduction in skeletal muscle recruitment
    Ross Tucker
    MRC UCT Bioenergetics of Exercise Research Unit, University of Cape Town, Sports Science Institute of South Africa, PO Box 115, 7725, Newlands, South Africa
    Pflugers Arch 448:422-30. 2004
    ..This adaptation appears to form part of an anticipatory response which adjusts muscle recruitment and power output to reduce heat production, thereby ensuring that thermal homeostasis is maintained during exercise in the heat...
  16. ncbi Developing a framework for assessment of the environmental determinants of walking and cycling
    Terri Pikora
    School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, WA 6009, Crawley, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 56:1693-703. 2003
    ..Identifying the environmental factors that influence walking and cycling will allow the inclusion of a public health perspective as well as those of urban planning and transport in the design of built environments...
  17. ncbi Relationship between the physical environment and physical activity in older adults: a systematic review
    Jelle Van Cauwenberg
    Department of Human Biometry and Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Physical Therapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B 1050 Brussel, Belgium
    Health Place 17:458-69. 2011
    ..More studies in different contexts utilizing longitudinal designs, standardized, reliable and validated PA and environmental measurements and investigating possible moderating effects are definitely warranted...
  18. pmc An applied ecological framework for evaluating infrastructure to promote walking and cycling: the iConnect study
    David Ogilvie
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
    Am J Public Health 101:473-81. 2011
    ..Our framework guides study design and analysis by specifying the most important data to be collected and relations to be tested to confirm or refute specific hypotheses and thereby refine the underlying theories...
  19. ncbi Commuting, leisure-time physical activity, and cardiovascular risk factors in China
    Gang Hu
    Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:234-8. 2002
    ..The relationship between both commuting and leisure-time physical activity and selected cardiovascular risk factors was analyzed...
  20. pmc GIS measured environmental correlates of active school transport: a systematic review of 14 studies
    Bonny Yee Man Wong
    Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:39. 2011
    ..The objectives of this review are: i) to examine and summarize the relationships between objectively measured BE features and AST in children and adolescents and ii) to critically discuss GIS methodologies used in this context...
  21. ncbi The contribution of haemoglobin mass to increases in cycling performance induced by simulated LHTL
    Laura A Garvican
    Sports Science Sports Medicine, Australian Institute of Sport, PO Box 176, Belconnen, Canberra, ACT, 2616, Australia
    Eur J Appl Physiol 111:1089-101. 2011
    ..However, increases in Hb(mass) appear to influence the aerobic contribution to high-intensity exercise which may be important for subsequent high-intensity efforts...
  22. ncbi Environmental correlates of walking and cycling: findings from the transportation, urban design, and planning literatures
    Brian E Saelens
    University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, USA
    Ann Behav Med 25:80-91. 2003
    ..The transportation, urban design, and planning literatures provide a valuable starting point for multidisciplinary research on environmental contributions to physical activity levels in the population...
  23. pmc Safety in numbers: more walkers and bicyclists, safer walking and bicycling
    P L Jacobsen
    Public Health Consultant, 4730 Monterey Way, Sacramento, CA 95822, USA
    Inj Prev 9:205-9. 2003
    To examine the relationship between the numbers of people walking or bicycling and the frequency of collisions between motorists and walkers or bicyclists...
  24. pmc The contribution of active travel to children's physical activity levels: cross-sectional results from the ALSPAC study
    Esther M F van Sluijs
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Prev Med 48:519-24. 2009
    ..To assess the association between active travel to school and physical activity (PA) in a large population-based sample of 11-year old children...
  25. pmc Walking and cycling to health: a comparative analysis of city, state, and international data
    John Pucher
    Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1986-92. 2010
    ..We sought to determine the magnitude, direction, and statistical significance of the relationship between active travel and rates of physical activity, obesity, and diabetes...
  26. ncbi Is active commuting the answer to population health?
    Roy J Shephard
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Sports Med 38:751-8. 2008
    ..It is also necessary to find better methods of involving the sedentary population, through both counselling and changes in urban design...
  27. ncbi Validity and reliability of a school travel survey
    Kelly R Evenson
    Dept of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:S1-15. 2008
    ..We evaluated the criterion validity and test-retest reliability of a questionnaire with a sample of young schoolchildren to assess travel to and from school, including mode, travel companion, and destination after school...
  28. ncbi Bicycling to school during the transition from childhood into adolescence: a six-year longitudinal study
    Greet M Cardon
    Dept of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Pediatr Exerc Sci 24:369-83. 2012
    Little is known about bicycling to school as children age. At baseline (2002) self-report data from 1070 children were gathered (51.9% boys; mean age: 10 years)...
  29. pmc Aesthetic amenities and safety hazards associated with walking and bicycling for transportation in New York City
    Gina S Lovasi
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY, USA
    Ann Behav Med 45:S76-85. 2013
    ..One strategy to address health problems related to insufficient physical activity is to examine modifiable neighborhood characteristics associated with active transportation...
  30. ncbi The non-linearity of risk and the promotion of environmentally sustainable transport
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, Oslo NO 0349, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 41:849-55. 2009
    ..This shows that the high injury rate for pedestrians and cyclists in the current transport system does not necessarily imply that encouraging walking or cycling rather than driving will lead to more accidents...
  31. pmc Risk of injury for bicycling on cycle tracks versus in the street
    ANNE C LUSK
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Inj Prev 17:131-5. 2011
    Most individuals prefer bicycling separated from motor traffic...
  32. ncbi Use of a new public bicycle share program in Montreal, Canada
    Daniel Fuller
    Research Center of the Université de Montréal Hospital Center, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 41:80-3. 2011
    ..Public bicycle share programs (PBSPs) increase population access to bicycles by deploying bicycles at docking stations throughout a city. Minimal research has systematically examined the prevalence and correlates of PBSP use...
  33. ncbi Physical activity levels of children who walk, cycle, or are driven to school
    Ashley R Cooper
    Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, UK
    Am J Prev Med 29:179-84. 2005
    ..Active commuting to school by walking or bicycle is widely promoted to increase children's physical activity. However, there is little data to describe the impact that travel mode, and in particular cycling, may have on activity levels...
  34. ncbi Infrastructure, programs, and policies to increase bicycling: an international review
    John Pucher
    Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Prev Med 50:S106-25. 2010
    To assess existing research on the effects of various interventions on levels of bicycling. Interventions include infrastructure (e.g...
  35. ncbi Critical factors for active transportation to school among low-income and minority students. Evidence from the 2001 National Household Travel Survey
    Noreen C McDonald
    Department of City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 3140, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:341-4. 2008
    ..g., Safe Routes to School and the CDC's KidsWalk programs). However, little research has looked at differences in behavior across racial/ethnic and income groups...
  36. ncbi Seasonal and socio-demographic determinants of school commuting
    Line A B Børrestad
    Institute of Public Health, Sport and Nutrition, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway
    Prev Med 52:133-5. 2011
    ..To report prevalence of commuting to school in Norway with regard to season, gender, parental education level, ethnicity and distance to school...
  37. pmc Air quality and exercise-related health benefits from reduced car travel in the midwestern United States
    Maggie L Grabow
    Nelson Institute, Sustainability and the Global Environment, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1710 University Ave, Madison, WI 53726, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:68-76. 2012
    ..Automobile exhaust contains precursors to ozone and fine particulate matter (PM ≤ 2.5 µm in aerodynamic diameter; PM2.5), posing health risks. Dependency on car commuting also reduces physical fitness opportunities...
  38. ncbi Publication bias and time-trend bias in meta-analysis of bicycle helmet efficacy: a re-analysis of Attewell, Glase and McFadden, 2001
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 43:1245-51. 2011
    ..The re-analysis shows smaller safety benefits associated with the use of bicycle helmets than the original study...
  39. ncbi Active travel to school and cardiovascular fitness in Danish children and adolescents
    Ashley R Cooper
    Department of Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1724-31. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the way that children and adolescents travel to school is associated with level of cardiovascular fitness...
  40. pmc Neighborhood, route, and school environments and children's active commuting
    Jenna R Panter
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
    Am J Prev Med 38:268-78. 2010
    ..These behaviors may be influenced by characteristics of the environment around homes and schools, yet few studies have quantified the potential associations between these two sets of factors...
  41. ncbi Inverse associations between cycling to work, public transport, and overweight and obesity: findings from a population based study in Australia
    Li Ming Wen
    Health Promotion Service, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Level 9, King George V Building, Missenden Road, Camperdown, NSW 2050, Australia
    Prev Med 46:29-32. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between various modes of transport to work and overweight and obesity, in men and women...
  42. ncbi Systematic review of active commuting to school and childrens physical activity and weight
    Murray C Lee
    Habitat Health Impact Consulting Corp, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Phys Act Health 5:930-49. 2008
    ..Recent programs have promoted the positive effects of active commuting on physical activity (PA) and overweight. However, the evidence supporting such interventions among schoolchildren has not been previously evaluated...
  43. pmc Can we use digital life-log images to investigate active and sedentary travel behaviour? Results from a pilot study
    Paul Kelly
    British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, University of Oxford, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:44. 2011
    ..The purpose of this pilot study is to investigate the potential efficacy of a new electronic measurement device, a wearable digital camera called SenseCam, in travel research...
  44. ncbi Associations between intrapersonal and neighborhood environmental characteristics and cycling for transport and recreation in adults: baseline results from the RESIDE study
    Sylvia Titze
    Dept of Physical Activity and Health, Institute of Sport Science, Graz, Austria
    J Phys Act Health 7:423-31. 2010
    ..This study investigated the relationship between individual and neighborhood environmental factors and cycling for transport and for recreation among adults living in Perth, Western Australia...
  45. ncbi Active school transportation in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada: an exploration of trends in space and time (1986-2006)
    Ron N Buliung
    Department of Geography, University of Toronto at Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Road N, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
    Prev Med 48:507-12. 2009
    ..This study describes temporal and spatial trends in active transportation for school trips in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada's largest city-region...
  46. ncbi Training with low muscle glycogen enhances fat metabolism in well-trained cyclists
    Carl J Hulston
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 42:2046-55. 2010
    ..To determine the effects of training with low muscle glycogen on exercise performance, substrate metabolism, and skeletal muscle adaptation...
  47. ncbi Moving urban trips from cars to bicycles: impact on health and emissions
    Graeme Lindsay
    School of Population Health, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Aust N Z J Public Health 35:54-60. 2011
    ..To estimate the effects on health, air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions if short trips (≤7 km) were undertaken by bicycle rather than motor car...
  48. ncbi Physical activity by stealth? The potential health benefits of a workplace transport plan
    R Brockman
    Department of Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TP, UK
    Public Health 125:210-6. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a workplace travel plan, which mainly focused on restricting parking opportunities, on levels of active commuting and its potential to contribute to public health...
  49. ncbi Inequalities in usage of a public bicycle sharing scheme: socio-demographic predictors of uptake and usage of the London (UK) cycle hire scheme
    F Ogilvie
    Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Prev Med 55:40-5. 2012
    ..Cycling confers individual and population-level health benefits, but uptake is not always equitable across socio-demographic groups. We sought to examine inequalities in uptake and usage of London's Barclays Cycle Hire (BCH) scheme...
  50. ncbi Induced metabolic alkalosis affects muscle metabolism and repeated-sprint ability
    David Bishop
    Team Sport Research Group, School of Human Movement and Exercise Science, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:807-13. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of induced metabolic alkalosis, via sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) ingestion, on muscle metabolism and power output during repeated short-duration cycle sprints...
  51. pmc Health cobenefits and transportation-related reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in the San Francisco Bay area
    Neil Maizlish
    California Department of Public Health, Richmond, CA 94804, USA
    Am J Public Health 103:703-9. 2013
    ..We quantified health benefits of transportation strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE)...
  52. ncbi Caffeine improves supramaximal cycling but not the rate of anaerobic energy release
    Michael J Simmonds
    School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Gold Coast Campus, Griffith University, Southport, QLD 4215, Australia
    Eur J Appl Physiol 109:287-95. 2010
    ..Considering caffeine ingestion did not change VO2 kinetics or isotime AO(2) deficit, increases in absolute AO(2) deficit may be a consequence of prolonged TE, rather than causal...
  53. ncbi Recruitment of the thigh muscles during sprint cycling by muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging
    H Akima
    Research Center of Health, Physical Fitness and Sports, Nagoya University, Furo, Chikusa, Aichi, Japan
    Int J Sports Med 26:245-52. 2005
    ..0001) and vastus intermedius (VI) (p < 0.05) (r (2) = 0.698, p < 0.0001). We concluded that eleven thigh muscles were activated non-uniformly, and that the VM and VI play a key role during maximal sprint cycling...
  54. ncbi Effects of intermittent hypoxic training on aerobic and anaerobic performance
    James Peter Morton
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Ergonomics 48:1535-46. 2005
    ..These data suggest that if there are any advantages to training in hypoxia for sea level performance, they would not arise from the short-term protocol employed in the present study...
  55. ncbi Physical fitness and performance. Fatigue responses during repeated sprints matched for initial mechanical output
    Alberto Mendez-Villanueva
    School of Human Movement and Exercise Science, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:2219-25. 2007
    ..To compare muscle fatigability during two sets of repeated cycling sprints matched for initial mechanical output in a nonfatigued and fatigued state...
  56. ncbi The joint associations of occupational, commuting, and leisure-time physical activity, and the Framingham risk score on the 10-year risk of coronary heart disease
    Gang Hu
    Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Diseases Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Eur Heart J 28:492-8. 2007
    ..To determine joint associations of different kinds of physical activity and the Framingham risk score (FRS) with the 10-year risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) events...
  57. ncbi Effect of intermittent hypoxic training on 20 km time trial and 30 s anaerobic performance
    M J Hamlin
    Social Sciences Tourism and Recreation Group, Environment, Society and Design Division, Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 20:651-61. 2010
    ..The addition of IHT to the normal training program of well-trained athletes produced worthwhile gains in 30 s sprint performance possibly through enhanced glycolysis...
  58. pmc Route infrastructure and the risk of injuries to bicyclists: a case-crossover study
    Kay Teschke
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Am J Public Health 102:2336-43. 2012
    ..We compared cycling injury risks of 14 route types and other route infrastructure features...
  59. ncbi Safety in numbers in Australia: more walkers and bicyclists, safer walking and bicycling
    Dorothy L Robinson
    University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales
    Health Promot J Austr 16:47-51. 2005
    ..Do Australian data follow the same exponential 'growth rule' where (Injuries)/(Amount of cycling) is proportional to ((Amount of cycling)-0.6)?..
  60. ncbi Biodynamics. Effect of pacing strategy on energy expenditure during a 1500-m cycling time trial
    Florentina J Hettinga
    Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:2212-8. 2007
    ..To test this assumption, the effect of manipulations of pacing strategy on anaerobic work produced during a 1500-m cycling time trial was studied. Additionally, the effect of pacing strategy on aerobic and total work was studied...
  61. ncbi Effect of consecutive repeated sprint and resistance exercise bouts on acute adaptive responses in human skeletal muscle
    Vernon G Coffey
    Exercise Metabolism Group, School of Medical Science, RMIT, Melbourne, Australia
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 297:R1441-51. 2009
    ..Accordingly, we suggest that sprint-activities are isolated from resistance training and that adequate recovery time is considered within periodized training plans that incorporate these divergent exercise modes...
  62. ncbi Impact of mandatory helmet legislation on bicycle-related head injuries in children: a population-based study
    Alison K Macpherson
    Division of Paediatric Medicine, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Pediatrics 110:e60. 2002
    ..In Canada, 4 provinces have such legislation. The objective of this study was to measure the impact of helmet legislation on bicycle-related head injuries in Canadian children...
  63. ncbi Attitudes and the environment as determinants of active travel in adults: what do and don't we know?
    Jenna Rachel Panter
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
    J Phys Act Health 7:551-61. 2010
    ..This paper describes current knowledge of the psychological and environmental determinants of active travel in adults, and considers ways in which the 2 domains can be better integrated...
  64. ncbi Cycling for transport and public health: a systematic review of the effect of the environment on cycling
    Simon D S Fraser
    Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Eur J Public Health 21:738-43. 2011
    ..Cycling represents one virtually carbon-neutral form of transport that can help to address declining levels of exercise...
  65. pmc Getting out and about in older adults: the nature of daily trips and their association with objectively assessed physical activity
    Mark G Davis
    University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:116. 2011
    ..Daily trip frequency is independently associated with objectively assessed PA volumes (OAs). Little is known about correlates and these trips' transport mode, and how these elements relate to PA...
  66. ncbi Caffeine withdrawal and high-intensity endurance cycling performance
    Christopher Irwin
    School of Public Health, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
    J Sports Sci 29:509-15. 2011
    ..A 3 mg · kg(-1) dose of caffeine significantly improves exercise performance irrespective of whether a 4-day withdrawal period is imposed on habitual caffeine users...
  67. pmc Variability and seasonality of active transportation in USA: evidence from the 2001 NHTS
    Yong Yang
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:96. 2011
    Active transportation including walking and bicycling is an important source of physical activity. Promoting active transportation is a challenge for the fields of public health and transportation...
  68. ncbi Novel precooling strategy enhances time trial cycling in the heat
    Megan L R Ross
    Australian Institute of Sport, Belconnen, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:123-33. 2011
    ..To develop and investigate the efficacy of a new precooling strategy combining external and internal techniques on the performance of a cycling time trial (TT) in a hot and humid environment...
  69. ncbi Personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school
    Anna Timperio
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, and The Children s Hospital at Westmead, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 30:45-51. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school among children...
  70. ncbi The effects of provincial bicycle helmet legislation on helmet use and bicycle ridership in Canada
    Jessica Dennis
    Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Inj Prev 16:219-24. 2010
    ..The objectives of this study were to determine the association between the comprehensiveness of helmet legislation and both helmet use and bicycle ridership...
  71. ncbi Injury rates from walking, gardening, weightlifting, outdoor bicycling, and aerobics
    K E Powell
    National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:1246-9. 1998
    ..objective of this survey was to estimate the frequency of injuries associated with five commonly performed moderately intense activities: walking for exercise, gardening and yard work, weightlifting, aerobic dance, and outdoor bicycling.
  72. ncbi Motor vehicle crash injury rates by mode of travel, United States: using exposure-based methods to quantify differences
    Laurie F Beck
    National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:212-8. 2007
    ..Males, adolescents, and the elderly were also at increased risk. Effective interventions are available and should be implemented to protect these vulnerable road users...
  73. ncbi Socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates of commuting activity in Poland
    M Kwaśniewska
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Łódź, Ul Zeligowskiego 7 9, Łódź, Poland
    Prev Med 50:257-61. 2010
    ..The aim of this study is to analyse the epidemiology of active transportation and to investigate the relationship between commuting physical activity (PA) and socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics in Poland...
  74. ncbi Reductions in RIP140 are not required for exercise- and AICAR-mediated increases in skeletal muscle mitochondrial content
    Bruce C Frier
    Alberta Diabetes Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 111:688-95. 2011
    ....
  75. ncbi Diet, body composition, and bone mass in well-trained cyclists
    Vivian Santos da Rocha Penteado
    Rheumatology Division, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo Escola Paulista de Medicina, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Clin Densitom 13:43-50. 2010
    ..Our results demonstrate that cycling was associated with greater aerobic conditioning and lean mass without significant association with bone mass compared with sedentary controls...
  76. ncbi Acute effects of 2 hours of moderate-intensity cycling on serum parathyroid hormone and calcium
    Daniel W Barry
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, Campus Stop B 179, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Calcif Tissue Int 80:359-65. 2007
    ..The study demonstrated that prolonged exercise stimulates PTH secretion. The effects of such transient increases in PTH on bone metabolism are not known...
  77. ncbi Whole-body pre-cooling and heat storage during self-paced cycling performance in warm humid conditions
    D Kay
    Human Movement Studies Unit, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, Australia
    J Sports Sci 17:937-44. 1999
    ..05) after pre-cooling. The results indicate that skin pre-cooling in the absence of a reduced rectal temperature is effective in reducing thermal strain and increasing the distance cycled in 30 min under warm humid conditions...
  78. ncbi Neighborhood disadvantage and physical activity: baseline results from the HABITAT multilevel longitudinal study
    Gavin Turrell
    School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, QLD 4059, Australia
    Ann Epidemiol 20:171-81. 2010
    ..To examine the association between neighborhood disadvantage and physical activity (PA)...
  79. ncbi Bicycle helmet efficacy: a meta-analysis
    R G Attewell
    Covance Pty Ltd, Ainslie, ACT, Australia
    Accid Anal Prev 33:345-52. 2001
    ..Despite this, the use of helmets is sub-optimal. Helmet use for all riders should be further encouraged to the extent that it is uniformly accepted and analogous to the use of seat belts by motor vehicle occupants...
  80. ncbi The effect of carbohydrate mouth rinse on 1-h cycle time trial performance
    James M Carter
    Human Performance Laboratory, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, B15 2TT, Birmingham, UK
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:2107-11. 2004
    ..5% of the trial completed. On the other occasion, water (PLA) was rinsed. Subjects were not allowed to swallow either the CHO solution or water, and each mouthful was spat out after a 5-s rinse...
  81. ncbi Association of built-environment, social-environment and personal factors with bicycling as a mode of transportation among Austrian city dwellers
    Sylvia Titze
    Institute of Sports Science, University of Graz, Austria
    Prev Med 47:252-9. 2008
    To determine the association of built-environment, social-environment, and personal-level factors with bicycling for transportation, among adult city dwellers.
  82. ncbi Brief intense interval exercise activates AMPK and p38 MAPK signaling and increases the expression of PGC-1alpha in human skeletal muscle
    Martin J Gibala
    Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 106:929-34. 2009
    ....
  83. ncbi Walking and cycling to school: predictors of increases among children and adolescents
    Clare Hume
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 36:195-200. 2009
    ..This study examined predictors of increases in children's and adolescents' active commuting (walking or cycling) to/from school over a 2-year period...
  84. ncbi Effects of a carbohydrate-protein beverage on cycling endurance and muscle damage
    Michael J Saunders
    School of Kinesiology and Recreation Studies, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA 22807, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1233-8. 2004
    ..3% and 1.8% concentrations) versus a carbohydrate-only (CHO; 7.3%) beverage...
  85. ncbi Commuting by public transit and physical activity: where you live, where you work, and how you get there
    Ugo Lachapelle
    School of Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Phys Act Health 8:S72-82. 2011
    ..Most public transit users walk to and from transit. We analyzed the relationship between transit commuting and objectively measured physical activity...
  86. ncbi Adult active transportation: adding habit strength to the theory of planned behavior
    Gert Jan de Bruijn
    Department of Communication Science, Amsterdam School of Communications Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Prev Med 36:189-94. 2009
    ....
  87. ncbi Habitual active transport moderates the association of TV viewing time with body mass index
    Takemi Sugiyama
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    J Phys Act Health 7:11-6. 2010
    ..However, it is unknown whether the relationship of TV viewing time with body mass index (BMI) is moderated by other domains of physical activity...
  88. ncbi Perceived and objective environmental measures and physical activity among urban adults
    Christine M Hoehner
    Prevention Research Center, Saint Louis University School of Public Health, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
    Am J Prev Med 28:105-16. 2005
    Enhancing community environments to support walking and bicycling serves as a promising approach to increase population levels of physical activity...
  89. ncbi Ergogenic effects of low doses of caffeine on cycling performance
    Nathan T Jenkins
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 18:328-42. 2008
    ..The authors conclude that caffeine preparations of 2 and 3 mg/kg enhanced performance, but future work should aim to explain the considerable interindividual variability of the drug's ergogenic properties...
  90. ncbi Testosterone is significantly reduced in endurance athletes without impact on bone mineral density
    L Maimoun
    Centre Propara, Montpellier, France
    Horm Res 59:285-92. 2003
    ..To compare the basal plasma reproductive hormonal profile in three groups of athletes involved in different training programs, and to define the relationship between androgen level and bone mineral density (BMD) in male athletes...
  91. ncbi Influence of socioeconomic status on the effectiveness of bicycle helmet legislation for children: a prospective observational study
    Patricia C Parkin
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine, Ontario, Canada
    Pediatrics 112:e192-6. 2003
    ..To evaluate the influence of average family income in a geographic area on the effectiveness of helmet legislation on observed helmet use by children (5-14 years)...
  92. ncbi Influence of the social environment on children's school travel
    Noreen C McDonald
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 317 New East Bldg, CB 3140, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3140, USA
    Prev Med 50:S65-8. 2010
    ..To analyze the association between parental perceptions of the social environment and walking and biking to school among 10-14-year-olds...
  93. ncbi Active commuting influences among adults
    Melissa Bopp
    Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Prev Med 54:237-41. 2012
    ..Active commuting (AC) is a behavior with many documented health benefits; however, influences on AC are not well understood. This paper examined a range of influences on self-reported AC behavior...
  94. ncbi Alcohol, bicycling, and head and brain injury: a study of impaired cyclists' riding patterns R1
    Patrick Crocker
    Dell Children s Medical Center of Central Texas, Austin, TX 78723, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 28:68-72. 2010
    ....
  95. ncbi Effects of physical activities that induce moderate external loading on bone metabolism in male athletes
    L Maimoun
    Groupe de Recherche Interdisciplinaire sur le Metabolisme Osseux GRISMO, Montpellier, France
    J Sports Sci 22:875-83. 2004
    ..Despite some encouraging observations, it was not possible to show that changes in the bone remodelling process were sport-discipline dependent...
  96. pmc Bicycle use for transport in an Australian and a Belgian city: associations with built-environment attributes
    Neville Owen
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Herston Road, Herston, QLD 4006, Australia
    J Urban Health 87:189-98. 2010
    ..Built-environment innovations that are increasingly being advocated by health authorities and transport planners, primarily to promote higher rates of walking for transport, should also impact positively on bicycle use...
  97. ncbi A 45-minute vigorous exercise bout increases metabolic rate for 14 hours
    Amy M Knab
    Human Performance Laboratory, Appalachian State University, North Carolina Research Campus, Kannapolis, NC 28081, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:1643-8. 2011
    ..This study investigated the effects of inserting a 45-min vigorous cycling bout into the daily schedule versus a controlled resting day on 24-h energy expenditure in a metabolic chamber...
  98. pmc Bone related health status in adolescent cyclists
    Hugo Olmedillas
    Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development Research Group, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
    PLoS ONE 6:e24841. 2011
    ..To describe bone status and analyse bone mass in adolescent cyclists...
  99. pmc Neighborhood road environments and physical activity among youth: the CLAN study
    Alison Carver
    Deakin University, Burwood, Vic, Australia
    J Urban Health 85:532-44. 2008
    ..Speed humps were positively associated with adolescent boys' MVPA during evenings. The road environment influences physical activity among youth in different ways, according to age group, sex and type of physical activity...
  100. ncbi Traumatic bicycle handlebar hernia
    Steven C J Goh
    Dorset County Hospital, Williams Avenue, Dorchester, Dorset, UK
    Eur J Emerg Med 15:179-80. 2008
    ..Surgical exploration with primary repair of the defect is the definitive treatment in cases of traumatic hernia...
  101. ncbi Social-ecological correlates of active commuting to school among high school students
    Jennifer E Robertson-Wilson
    Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Adolesc Health 42:486-95. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study is to explore the relationships between demographic, behavioral, social/psychological, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school among a sample of high school students...

Research Grants63

  1. Efficacy of Yoga as an Alternative Therapy for Smoking Cessation
    Beth C Bock; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., brisk walking, bicycling) improves smokers'ability to successfully quit...
  2. Validating the CalFit Smartphone Sensor in Two Epidemiological Investigations
    Edmund Seto; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and physical ActivitieS (TAPAS) project in Barcelona, Spain, focused on determinants of active commuting by bicycling or walking...
  3. Effects of Exercise Training on Fluid Instability in Heart Failure Patients
    ANDREA M BOYD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Weight-bearing aerobic ET will be walking on a treadmill, non- weight-bearing aerobic ET will be stationary bicycling, and resistance ET will be lower body isolation ET...
  4. Does Graduated Driver Licensing Produce Safer Teenage Drivers
    Motao Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..2) Identify how GDL affects the use of alternative means of transportation (public transport, walking, bicycling, being driven by others) by teenagers aged 15-17 years and how GDL affects deaths and injuries among 15-17 year ..
  5. Effectiveness of bicycle helmet laws in preventing injuries among youth
    Pinka Chatterji; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, children who are required to wear helmets while bicycling may be more likely to wear helmets while participating in similar sports (e.g...
  6. Complete the Streets 3 Ways: Effects on activity and BMI
    BARBARA BESS BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., walking, bicycling, as measured by GPS, accelerometry and self-report)...
  7. Get Active Orlando: Walking, Bicycling, Gardening
    Karen E Dennis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Research project is to implement, evaluate, and disseminate the immediate and 2-year effects of walking, bicycling, and community gardening approaches to enhancing physically active lifestyles among urban-dwelling older adults ..
  8. RESTORATION OF FUNCTION IN NEUROLOGIC IMPAIRMENT
    WILLIAM RYMER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Gruben (Wisconsin) will evaluate the utility of bicycling as a model of locomotion in hemiplegic man. Dr...
  9. Understanding the contex for physical activity in urban African Americans
    Anjali Deshpande; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the least active groups in the United States but do report high rates of transport activity (defined as walking/bicycling from place to place)...
  10. Safe 'n Fun: An Injury Prevention Kit
    ROBIN INLANDER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    DESCRIPTION (provided by investigator): In the fourth grade children are just entering bicycling's "danger age" of 10 to 14 years old...
  11. SAFE AND FUN: AN INJURY PREVENTION KIT
    ROBIN INLANDER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..For the Phase I prototype we will complete one module, which will cover bicycling. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: Safe and Fun: An Injury Prevention Kit will be a Web-based, interactive ..
  12. PROTECTIVE HEADGEAR EMPLOYING NOVEL AIR-CELL TECHNOLOGY
    Donald Myers; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..helmets by testing the material's energy absorption ability at the much higher levels of impact experienced in bicycling and riding accidents...
  13. LAND USE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
    ROBERT BOER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Because walking and bicycling can significantly promote health, we propose to carefully investigate the relationship between land use and ..
  14. DIETARY INTERVENTION METHODS FOR CLINICAL TRIALS
    Robert Jeffery; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..intervention will strongly encourage subjects to develop an exercise program based primarily on walking and bicycling. The enhanced exercise intervention will involve social support teams, individualized exercise prescriptions, ..
  15. Spousal communication and cancer prevention behavior
    KELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The long-term goal of this research is to develop better interventions which help prevent cancer, and other chronic health conditions, by involving spouses in preventive behavior change programs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. Understanding Change in Physical Activity Postpartum
    KELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This proposal directly addresses the need to better understand multi-level factors involved in physical activity behavior change, RFA #CA-04-009 "Mechanisms of Physical Activity Behavior Change". ..
  17. Physical Activity and Quality of Life in Multiple Sclerosis
    Robert Motl; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. Maintaining Physical Activity in Ethnic Minority Women
    Rebecca Lee; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If supported, hypotheses will suggest that the sustained effect of SOCO strategies is moderated by environmental supports. ..
  19. Frequency of aerobic/resistance training in older women
    Gary Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such information is critical to our understanding of ways to improve well being, quality of life, and independence of an aging population. ..
  20. VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANS
    CHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The design of these studies will increase our understanding of how the vestibular system contributes to orthostatic blood pressure regulation in humans. ..
  21. Exercise Substrate Utilization:The Crossover Concept
    George Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Further, we have the auxiliary personnel and facilities to conduct longitudinal training studies ..
  22. Physiological Signals to MCT Expression
    George Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Aim 3 studies will involve comparisons of the levels of muscle MCT pre-mRNAs, mRNAs and protein levels. We have the tools to achieve the stated aims. ..
  23. PILOT AGING AND AVIATION SAFETY
    Guohua Li; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results of this project can provide valuable empirical data for understanding the relationship between pilot aging and safety performance and for reassessing the "age-60 rule." ..
  24. How Do Immature Perceptual-Motor Skills Put Child Cyclists at Risk for Injury?
    Jodie M Plumert; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Using an immersive, interactive bicycling simulator, we will examine how two important aspects of perceptual-motor development influence road-crossing ..
  25. VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANS
    CHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  26. A Novel Load Sensing Tibial Prosthesis Design
    DARRYL D LIMA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Work-related Injuries Among Immigrant Workers
    Huiyun Xiang; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Novel Active Repressor Model of Human LDL-Receptor Regulation
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This would represent a new treatment approach for patients with atherosclerotic disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. TRIAL OF ACTIVITY FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS - FIELD CENTER
    Russell Pate; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will uniquely and markedly expand our knowledge of promotion, determinants, and health benefits of physical activity in middle school girls. ..
  30. MDMA Dependence and Discontinuation Syndrome
    John Mendelson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Addiction to MDMA appears to be a serious risk of use; our studies will carefttlly define important clinical features of this emerging disorder. ..
  31. Exploratory Study of Environmental Effects on Activity/Overweight in Older Women
    PHILIP TROPED; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Ultimately, this study's findings may help to decrease the risk of several cancers related to lack of physical activity -- both among older adults and younger populations. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Computer-Based Physical Activity Advice for Ethnic Minority Aging Adults
    Abby King; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..S. population. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. Polestriding versus Walking for PAD Rehabilitation
    Eileen Collins; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Analysis: Data will be analyzed using descriptive statistics, repeated measures ANOVA and linear regression analysis. Potential co-variates such as smoking and medication use will be monitored and analyzed. ..
  34. A Multilevel Walking Intervention for Sedentary Assisted-Living Seniors
    Dori Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Interactions of Biomechanics and Psychosocial Stressors and MSDs in the Modern Of
    Jack Tigh Dennerlein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results will influence work place design and policies through the development of new evidence-based interventions. ..
  36. Habituation to food in children
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These studies are designed to understand how individual differences in habituation may be an important factor that differentiates overweight and non-overweight youth. ..
  37. Deep Brain Stimulation and Force Control in Parkinson's
    JAY ALBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results of these studies may improve the treatment of advanced PD. ..
  38. Changes in Substance Abuse Patterns Following the Terrorist Attacks of September
    Charles DiMaggio; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. AGING, HABITUAL EXERCISE, AND ARTERIAL COMPLIANCE
    Hirofumi Tanaka; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  40. A BEHAVIORAL ECONOMIC APPROACH TO CHILDHOOD OBESITY
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study will yield important information on new ways to treat pediatric obesity, minimizing dietary restriction and maximizing children learning healthier eating habits. ..
  41. Cardiovascular Chemoreflex-Baroreflex Interaction
    JOHN HALLIWILL; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..By addressing these aims, we will extend insights that are now only available in animals to a poorly understood area of cardiovascular regulation in humans. ..
  42. ALTERED MUSCLE ACTIVITY DURING LOCOMOTION POST-STROKE
    Sheila Schindler Ivens; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Mental Health and Labor Market Outcomes
    Roland Sturm; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  44. YOUTH-FOCUSED MEDIA TO PREVENT SUBSTANCE USE
    Brian Flynn; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Indicators of social climate for substance user use and exposure to school and community programs and mass media campaigns with similar objectives will be assessed in the process evaluation. ..
  45. MUSCLE ACTIVITY INITIATION DURING HEMIPARETIC LOCOMOTION
    David Brown; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The intent is that the experimental apparatus and principles developed within this study will form the basis of a new therapeutic modality that targets deficits in locomotor control, post-stroke, and with other neurologic conditions. ..
  46. CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY OF METHAMPHETAMINE STEREOISOMERS
    John Mendelson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Primary outcome measures include drug and metabolite measurements in plasma and urine and subjective and cardiovascular measures, including 2D echocardiography. ..
  47. Antiapoptotic Activity of Alzheimer Abeta
    Craig Atwood; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We also will test whether oxidative stress induces neurons to re-enter the cell cycle as a mechanism leading to cell death. ..
  48. Age, VEGF, and skeletal muscle capillarization in humans
    TIMOTHY GAVIN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Data obtained from these studies will provide necessary information for future R01 funding. Findings will be important as little is known concerning the effects of aging on neovascularization potential in humans. ..
  49. Redox Signaling in Skeletal Muscle Biology
    Michael Reid; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Our model will be evaluated by testing two hypotheses: A.) Mechanical loading increases subsarcolemmal calcium concentration. B. Extracellular calcium stimulates ROS production and glucose uptake in response to loading. ..
  50. Tools for exposure assessment of physical risk factors
    Jack Dennerlein; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Technology transfers include potential software products for computer users to monitor their own work patterns. ..
  51. Behavioral Health Effects of September 11th, 2001
    Charles DiMaggio; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Mechanistic bases for age-related androgen deficiency
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Knowing why testosterone falls should help foster new and safer ways to prevent the problem. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. Ensemble Disruption of the GnRH-LH-Testosterone Axis
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Expected corollary outcomes are enhanced diagnosis, assessment and management of more subtle pathophysiology of the male gonadal axis in puberty and adulthood. ..
  54. Neighborhood Impact on Physical Activity in Older Adults
    Abby King; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Combining Exercise and Diet in Older Adults
    Abby King; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will contribute important theoretical and public health information concerning how best to combine physical activity and dietary behaviors to optimize sustained adherence and promote desirable health outcomes. ..
  56. Monocyte / Macrophage TLR4 Expression and Signaling: A Link between Obesity and C
    Brian McFarlin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The primary purpose of this investigation is to determine if obesity status alters TLR4 signaling and/or inflammatory cytokine production in blood monocyte and adipose tissue macrophage. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Resistance Training & Age-Related Arterial Stiffening
    Hirofumi Tanaka; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. WVU Injury Control Research Center
    James Helmkamp; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We also propose two seed projects: Development of the Mid-Atlantic Injury Control Network and Development of a Medical Explorer Post. ..
  59. Tracking Fatigue-Related Changes in Motor Coordination
    JONATHAN DINGWELL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We hope these efforts will one day help reduce the tremendous monetary and personal costs associated with these injuries [unreadable] [unreadable]..