Genomes and Genes
Summary: The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).
Publications294 found, 100 shown here
- All-cause mortality associated with physical activity during leisure time, work, sports, and cycling to workL B Andersen
Institute for Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Arch Intern Med 160:1621-8. 2000..Physical activity is associated with low mortality in men, but little is known about the association in women, different age groups, and everyday activity...
- Health benefits of cycling: a systematic reviewP Oja
UKK Institute, Tampere, Finland
Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:496-509. 2011....
- Active commuting and cardiovascular risk: a meta-analytic reviewMark Hamer
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Prev Med 46:9-13. 2008..The present review examines evidence from prospective epidemiological studies of commuting activity and cardiovascular risk...
- Walking, cycling, and obesity rates in Europe, North America, and AustraliaDavid R Bassett
University of Tennessee Obesity Research Center, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
J Phys Act Health 5:795-814. 2008This study was designed to examine the relationship between active transportation (defined as the percentage of trips taken by walking, bicycling, and public transit) and obesity rates (BMI > or = 30 kg . m-2) in different countries.
- Influence of exercise, walking, cycling, and overall nonexercise physical activity on mortality in Chinese womenCharles E Matthews
Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine and Public Health, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt University Medical School, Nashville, TN 37203 1738, USA
Am J Epidemiol 165:1343-50. 2007..62, 0.99). These findings add new evidence that overall physical activity levels are an important determinant of longevity, and that health benefit can be obtained through an active lifestyle, exercise, or combinations of both...
- Correlates of time spent walking and cycling to and from work: baseline results from the commuting and health in Cambridge studyJenna Panter
Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Sciences, Cambridge, UK
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:124. 2011..We assessed these associations using baseline data from a quasi-experimental cohort study of the effects of major transport infrastructural developments in Cambridge, UK...
- Impaired exercise performance in the heat is associated with an anticipatory reduction in skeletal muscle recruitmentRoss Tucker
MRC UCT Bioenergetics of Exercise Research Unit, University of Cape Town, Sports Science Institute of South Africa, PO Box 115, 7725, Newlands, South Africa
Pflugers Arch 448:422-30. 2004..This adaptation appears to form part of an anticipatory response which adjusts muscle recruitment and power output to reduce heat production, thereby ensuring that thermal homeostasis is maintained during exercise in the heat...
- Relationship between the physical environment and physical activity in older adults: a systematic reviewJelle Van Cauwenberg
Department of Human Biometry and Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Physical Therapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B 1050 Brussel, Belgium
Health Place 17:458-69. 2011..More studies in different contexts utilizing longitudinal designs, standardized, reliable and validated PA and environmental measurements and investigating possible moderating effects are definitely warranted...
- Infrastructure, programs, and policies to increase bicycling: an international reviewJohn Pucher
Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
Prev Med 50:S106-25. 2010To assess existing research on the effects of various interventions on levels of bicycling. Interventions include infrastructure (e.g...
- Walking and cycling to health: a comparative analysis of city, state, and international dataJohn Pucher
Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
Am J Public Health 100:1986-92. 2010..We sought to determine the magnitude, direction, and statistical significance of the relationship between active travel and rates of physical activity, obesity, and diabetes...
- Environmental correlates of walking and cycling: findings from the transportation, urban design, and planning literaturesBrian E Saelens
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, USA
Ann Behav Med 25:80-91. 2003..The transportation, urban design, and planning literatures provide a valuable starting point for multidisciplinary research on environmental contributions to physical activity levels in the population...
- Publication bias and time-trend bias in meta-analysis of bicycle helmet efficacy: a re-analysis of Attewell, Glase and McFadden, 2001Rune Elvik
Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
Accid Anal Prev 43:1245-51. 2011..The re-analysis shows smaller safety benefits associated with the use of bicycle helmets than the original study...
- Systematic review of active commuting to school and childrens physical activity and weightMurray C Lee
Habitat Health Impact Consulting Corp, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
J Phys Act Health 5:930-49. 2008..Recent programs have promoted the positive effects of active commuting on physical activity (PA) and overweight. However, the evidence supporting such interventions among schoolchildren has not been previously evaluated...
- An applied ecological framework for evaluating infrastructure to promote walking and cycling: the iConnect studyDavid Ogilvie
Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
Am J Public Health 101:473-81. 2011..Our framework guides study design and analysis by specifying the most important data to be collected and relations to be tested to confirm or refute specific hypotheses and thereby refine the underlying theories...
- Active transport, physical activity, and body weight in adults: a systematic reviewMiriam Wanner
Physical Activity and Health Unit, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland
Am J Prev Med 42:493-502. 2012..This review summarizes published evidence on associations of active transport, general physical activity, and body weight in adults...
- Seasonal and socio-demographic determinants of school commutingLine A B Børrestad
Institute of Public Health, Sport and Nutrition, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway
Prev Med 52:133-5. 2011..To report prevalence of commuting to school in Norway with regard to season, gender, parental education level, ethnicity and distance to school...
- Air quality and exercise-related health benefits from reduced car travel in the midwestern United StatesMaggie L Grabow
Nelson Institute, Sustainability and the Global Environment, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1710 University Ave, Madison, WI 53726, USA
Environ Health Perspect 120:68-76. 2012..Automobile exhaust contains precursors to ozone and fine particulate matter (PM ≤ 2.5 µm in aerodynamic diameter; PM2.5), posing health risks. Dependency on car commuting also reduces physical fitness opportunities...
- Inverse associations between cycling to work, public transport, and overweight and obesity: findings from a population based study in AustraliaLi Ming Wen
Health Promotion Service, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Level 9, King George V Building, Missenden Road, Camperdown, NSW 2050, Australia
Prev Med 46:29-32. 2008..The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between various modes of transport to work and overweight and obesity, in men and women...
- Do the health benefits of cycling outweigh the risks?Jeroen Johan de Hartog
University of Utrecht, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Environ Health Perspect 118:1109-16. 2010..Objective: We describe whether the health benefits from the increased physical activity of a modal shift for urban commutes outweigh the health risks...
- GIS measured environmental correlates of active school transport: a systematic review of 14 studiesBonny Yee Man Wong
Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:39. 2011..The objectives of this review are: i) to examine and summarize the relationships between objectively measured BE features and AST in children and adolescents and ii) to critically discuss GIS methodologies used in this context...
- Associations between intrapersonal and neighborhood environmental characteristics and cycling for transport and recreation in adults: baseline results from the RESIDE studySylvia Titze
Dept of Physical Activity and Health, Institute of Sport Science, Graz, Austria
J Phys Act Health 7:423-31. 2010..This study investigated the relationship between individual and neighborhood environmental factors and cycling for transport and for recreation among adults living in Perth, Western Australia...
- Improving health through policies that promote active travel: a review of evidence to support integrated health impact assessmentAudrey de Nazelle
Center for research in environmental epidemiology CREAL, Barcelona, Spain
Environ Int 37:766-77. 2011..Little is known, however, about the interconnections among effects of policies considered, including potential unintended consequences...
- Can we use digital life-log images to investigate active and sedentary travel behaviour? Results from a pilot studyPaul Kelly
British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, University of Oxford, UK
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:44. 2011..The purpose of this pilot study is to investigate the potential efficacy of a new electronic measurement device, a wearable digital camera called SenseCam, in travel research...
- Active school transportation in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada: an exploration of trends in space and time (1986-2006)Ron N Buliung
Department of Geography, University of Toronto at Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Road N, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
Prev Med 48:507-12. 2009..This study describes temporal and spatial trends in active transportation for school trips in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada's largest city-region...
- The health risks and benefits of cycling in urban environments compared with car use: health impact assessment studyDavid Rojas-Rueda
Center for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, c Doctor Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
BMJ 343:d4521. 2011..To estimate the risks and benefits to health of travel by bicycle, using a bicycle sharing scheme, compared with travel by car in an urban environment...
- Critical factors for active transportation to school among low-income and minority students. Evidence from the 2001 National Household Travel SurveyNoreen C McDonald
Department of City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 3140, USA
Am J Prev Med 34:341-4. 2008..g., Safe Routes to School and the CDC's KidsWalk programs). However, little research has looked at differences in behavior across racial/ethnic and income groups...
- The effects of provincial bicycle helmet legislation on helmet use and bicycle ridership in CanadaJessica Dennis
Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Inj Prev 16:219-24. 2010..The objectives of this study were to determine the association between the comprehensiveness of helmet legislation and both helmet use and bicycle ridership...
- Motivations for active commuting: a qualitative investigation of the period of home or work relocationCaroline H D Jones
MRC Epidemiology Unit and UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Box 296, Institute of Public Health, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, CB2 OSR, UK
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:109. 2012..This qualitative study aimed to explore experiences and motivations regarding travel behavior around the period of relocation, in an effort to understand how active commuting might be promoted more effectively...
- Injury rates from walking, gardening, weightlifting, outdoor bicycling, and aerobicsK E Powell
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:1246-9. 1998..objective of this survey was to estimate the frequency of injuries associated with five commonly performed moderately intense activities: walking for exercise, gardening and yard work, weightlifting, aerobic dance, and outdoor bicycling.
- Personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to schoolAnna Timperio
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, and The Children s Hospital at Westmead, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Am J Prev Med 30:45-51. 2006..The purpose of this study was to examine personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school among children...
- Novel precooling strategy enhances time trial cycling in the heatMegan L R Ross
Australian Institute of Sport, Belconnen, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:123-33. 2011..To develop and investigate the efficacy of a new precooling strategy combining external and internal techniques on the performance of a cycling time trial (TT) in a hot and humid environment...
- Risk of injury for bicycling on cycle tracks versus in the streetANNE C LUSK
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Inj Prev 17:131-5. 2011Most individuals prefer bicycling separated from motor traffic...
- Neighborhood disadvantage and physical activity: baseline results from the HABITAT multilevel longitudinal studyGavin Turrell
School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, QLD 4059, Australia
Ann Epidemiol 20:171-81. 2010..To examine the association between neighborhood disadvantage and physical activity (PA)...
- Diet, body composition, and bone mass in well-trained cyclistsVivian Santos da Rocha Penteado
Rheumatology Division, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo Escola Paulista de Medicina, Sao Paulo, Brazil
J Clin Densitom 13:43-50. 2010..Our results demonstrate that cycling was associated with greater aerobic conditioning and lean mass without significant association with bone mass compared with sedentary controls...
- Whole-body pre-cooling and heat storage during self-paced cycling performance in warm humid conditionsD Kay
Human Movement Studies Unit, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, Australia
J Sports Sci 17:937-44. 1999..05) after pre-cooling. The results indicate that skin pre-cooling in the absence of a reduced rectal temperature is effective in reducing thermal strain and increasing the distance cycled in 30 min under warm humid conditions...
- Association of built-environment, social-environment and personal factors with bicycling as a mode of transportation among Austrian city dwellersSylvia Titze
Institute of Sports Science, University of Graz, Austria
Prev Med 47:252-9. 2008To determine the association of built-environment, social-environment, and personal-level factors with bicycling for transportation, among adult city dwellers.
- Socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates of commuting activity in PolandM Kwaśniewska
Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Łódź, Ul Zeligowskiego 7 9, Łódź, Poland
Prev Med 50:257-61. 2010..The aim of this study is to analyse the epidemiology of active transportation and to investigate the relationship between commuting physical activity (PA) and socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics in Poland...
- Motor vehicle crash injury rates by mode of travel, United States: using exposure-based methods to quantify differencesLaurie F Beck
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Am J Epidemiol 166:212-8. 2007..Males, adolescents, and the elderly were also at increased risk. Effective interventions are available and should be implemented to protect these vulnerable road users...
- Bicycle helmet efficacy: a meta-analysisR G Attewell
Covance Pty Ltd, Ainslie, ACT, Australia
Accid Anal Prev 33:345-52. 2001..Despite this, the use of helmets is sub-optimal. Helmet use for all riders should be further encouraged to the extent that it is uniformly accepted and analogous to the use of seat belts by motor vehicle occupants...
- Reductions in RIP140 are not required for exercise- and AICAR-mediated increases in skeletal muscle mitochondrial contentBruce C Frier
Alberta Diabetes Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
J Appl Physiol (1985) 111:688-95. 2011....
- Acute effects of 2 hours of moderate-intensity cycling on serum parathyroid hormone and calciumDaniel W Barry
Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, Campus Stop B 179, Denver, CO 80262, USA
Calcif Tissue Int 80:359-65. 2007..The study demonstrated that prolonged exercise stimulates PTH secretion. The effects of such transient increases in PTH on bone metabolism are not known...
- Is active travel associated with greater physical activity? The contribution of commuting and non-commuting active travel to total physical activity in adultsShannon Sahlqvist
Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit and UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Prev Med 55:206-11. 2012..To complement findings that active travel reduces the risk of morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases, an understanding of the mechanisms through which active travel may lead to improved health is required...
- Commuting by public transit and physical activity: where you live, where you work, and how you get thereUgo Lachapelle
School of Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
J Phys Act Health 8:S72-82. 2011..Most public transit users walk to and from transit. We analyzed the relationship between transit commuting and objectively measured physical activity...
- Effects of a carbohydrate-protein beverage on cycling endurance and muscle damageMichael J Saunders
School of Kinesiology and Recreation Studies, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA 22807, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1233-8. 2004..3% and 1.8% concentrations) versus a carbohydrate-only (CHO; 7.3%) beverage...
- Habitual active transport moderates the association of TV viewing time with body mass indexTakemi Sugiyama
Cancer Prevention Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
J Phys Act Health 7:11-6. 2010..However, it is unknown whether the relationship of TV viewing time with body mass index (BMI) is moderated by other domains of physical activity...
- Walking and cycling to school: predictors of increases among children and adolescentsClare Hume
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia
Am J Prev Med 36:195-200. 2009..This study examined predictors of increases in children's and adolescents' active commuting (walking or cycling) to/from school over a 2-year period...
- Attitudes and the environment as determinants of active travel in adults: what do and don't we know?Jenna Rachel Panter
School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
J Phys Act Health 7:551-61. 2010..This paper describes current knowledge of the psychological and environmental determinants of active travel in adults, and considers ways in which the 2 domains can be better integrated...
- Is active commuting the answer to population health?Roy J Shephard
Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Sports Med 38:751-8. 2008..It is also necessary to find better methods of involving the sedentary population, through both counselling and changes in urban design...
- Adult active transportation: adding habit strength to the theory of planned behaviorGert Jan de Bruijn
Department of Communication Science, Amsterdam School of Communications Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Am J Prev Med 36:189-94. 2009....
- Ergogenic effects of low doses of caffeine on cycling performanceNathan T Jenkins
Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 18:328-42. 2008..The authors conclude that caffeine preparations of 2 and 3 mg/kg enhanced performance, but future work should aim to explain the considerable interindividual variability of the drug's ergogenic properties...
- Perceived and objective environmental measures and physical activity among urban adultsChristine M Hoehner
Prevention Research Center, Saint Louis University School of Public Health, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
Am J Prev Med 28:105-16. 2005Enhancing community environments to support walking and bicycling serves as a promising approach to increase population levels of physical activity...
- Neighborhood, route, and school environments and children's active commutingJenna R Panter
School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
Am J Prev Med 38:268-78. 2010..These behaviors may be influenced by characteristics of the environment around homes and schools, yet few studies have quantified the potential associations between these two sets of factors...
- Bone related health status in adolescent cyclistsHugo Olmedillas
Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development Research Group, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
PLoS ONE 6:e24841. 2011..To describe bone status and analyse bone mass in adolescent cyclists...
- Active commuting influences among adultsMelissa Bopp
Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Prev Med 54:237-41. 2012..Active commuting (AC) is a behavior with many documented health benefits; however, influences on AC are not well understood. This paper examined a range of influences on self-reported AC behavior...
- Testosterone is significantly reduced in endurance athletes without impact on bone mineral densityL Maimoun
Centre Propara, Montpellier, France
Horm Res 59:285-92. 2003..To compare the basal plasma reproductive hormonal profile in three groups of athletes involved in different training programs, and to define the relationship between androgen level and bone mineral density (BMD) in male athletes...
- Influence of the social environment on children's school travelNoreen C McDonald
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 317 New East Bldg, CB 3140, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3140, USA
Prev Med 50:S65-8. 2010..To analyze the association between parental perceptions of the social environment and walking and biking to school among 10-14-year-olds...
- Physical fitness and performance. Fatigue responses during repeated sprints matched for initial mechanical outputAlberto Mendez-Villanueva
School of Human Movement and Exercise Science, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:2219-25. 2007..To compare muscle fatigability during two sets of repeated cycling sprints matched for initial mechanical output in a nonfatigued and fatigued state...
- Moving urban trips from cars to bicycles: impact on health and emissionsGraeme Lindsay
School of Population Health, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Aust N Z J Public Health 35:54-60. 2011..To estimate the effects on health, air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions if short trips (≤7 km) were undertaken by bicycle rather than motor car...
- Bicycle use for transport in an Australian and a Belgian city: associations with built-environment attributesNeville Owen
Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Herston Road, Herston, QLD 4006, Australia
J Urban Health 87:189-98. 2010..Built-environment innovations that are increasingly being advocated by health authorities and transport planners, primarily to promote higher rates of walking for transport, should also impact positively on bicycle use...
- A 45-minute vigorous exercise bout increases metabolic rate for 14 hoursAmy M Knab
Human Performance Laboratory, Appalachian State University, North Carolina Research Campus, Kannapolis, NC 28081, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:1643-8. 2011..This study investigated the effects of inserting a 45-min vigorous cycling bout into the daily schedule versus a controlled resting day on 24-h energy expenditure in a metabolic chamber...
- Alcohol, bicycling, and head and brain injury: a study of impaired cyclists' riding patterns R1Patrick Crocker
Dell Children s Medical Center of Central Texas, Austin, TX 78723, USA
Am J Emerg Med 28:68-72. 2010....
- Influence of socioeconomic status on the effectiveness of bicycle helmet legislation for children: a prospective observational studyPatricia C Parkin
Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine, Ontario, Canada
Pediatrics 112:e192-6. 2003..To evaluate the influence of average family income in a geographic area on the effectiveness of helmet legislation on observed helmet use by children (5-14 years)...
- Effects of physical activities that induce moderate external loading on bone metabolism in male athletesL Maimoun
Groupe de Recherche Interdisciplinaire sur le Metabolisme Osseux GRISMO, Montpellier, France
J Sports Sci 22:875-83. 2004..Despite some encouraging observations, it was not possible to show that changes in the bone remodelling process were sport-discipline dependent...
- Neighborhood road environments and physical activity among youth: the CLAN studyAlison Carver
Deakin University, Burwood, Vic, Australia
J Urban Health 85:532-44. 2008..Speed humps were positively associated with adolescent boys' MVPA during evenings. The road environment influences physical activity among youth in different ways, according to age group, sex and type of physical activity...
- The vicious cycling: bicycling related urogenital disordersIlan Leibovitch
Department of Urology, Meir Medical Center, Affiliated to Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, 59 Tchernichovski St, Kfar Saba, Israel
Eur Urol 47:277-86; discussion 286-7. 2005..Bicycles are also a common source of significant injuries. This review focuses upon the specific bicycling related overuse injuries affecting the genitourinary tract.
- Traumatic bicycle handlebar herniaSteven C J Goh
Dorset County Hospital, Williams Avenue, Dorchester, Dorset, UK
Eur J Emerg Med 15:179-80. 2008..Surgical exploration with primary repair of the defect is the definitive treatment in cases of traumatic hernia...
- Handlebar hernia: traumatic abdominal wall hernia with multiple enterotomies. A case report and review of the literatureLudmila Haimovici
Department of Surgery, Nassau University Medical Center, East Meadow, NY 11554, USA
J Pediatr Surg 42:567-9. 2007..Since then, 12 other cases have been reported. To the best of our knowledge, the case described here is the first documented case of an incarcerated handlebar hernia associated with a small bowel perforation and mesenteric disruption...
- Factors associated with children being driven to school: implications for walk to school programsLi Ming Wen
Health Promotion Unit, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Level 9, King George V Building, Missenden Road, Camperdown, New South Wales 2050, Australia
Health Educ Res 23:325-34. 2008..To be effective, walk to school programs need to address the link between parent journey to work and student journey to school...
- National prevalence and correlates of walking and bicycling to schoolSarah L Martin
Program Evaluation Across the Nation Using Technology, Farmington, Maine, USA
Am J Prev Med 33:98-105. 2007..Active travel to school provides youth with an opportunity to accumulate minutes of physical activity toward meeting recommended levels...
- Cyclists injured while sharing the road with motor vehiclesTadesse Haileyesus
Office of Statistics and Programming, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30340, USA
Inj Prev 13:202-6. 2007..To provide national estimates of non-fatal cyclist injuries treated in US hospital emergency departments (EDs) resulting from an encounter with a motor vehicle (MV) on the road...
- Does bicycling contribute to the risk of erectile dysfunction? Results from the Massachusetts Male Aging Study (MMAS)L Marceau
New England Research Institutes, Watertown, MA 02472, USA
Int J Impot Res 13:298-302. 2001An association between bicycling and erectile dysfunction (ED) has been described previously, but there are limited data examining this association in a random population of men...
- Route preferences among adults in the near market for bicycling: findings of the cycling in cities studyMeghan Winters
Department of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Am J Health Promot 25:40-7. 2010To provide evidence about the types of transportation infrastructure that support bicycling.
- Social-ecological correlates of active commuting to school among high school studentsJennifer E Robertson-Wilson
Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
J Adolesc Health 42:486-95. 2008..The purpose of this study is to explore the relationships between demographic, behavioral, social/psychological, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school among a sample of high school students...
- Reliability and validity of destination-specific barriers to walking and cycling for youthHolly Forman
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
Prev Med 46:311-6. 2008..To investigate the psychometric properties of a new measure of barriers youth encounter while walking to specific destinations and to validate the measure with self-reported walking to these destinations...
- Associations among individual, social, and environmental barriers and children's walking or cycling to schoolJo Salmon
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood VIC 3125, Australia
Am J Health Promot 22:107-13. 2007..To examine associations among individual, social, and environmental barriers and children's walking or cycling to school...
- Toronto bicycle commuter safety ratesL Aultman-Hall
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40506 0281, USA
Accid Anal Prev 31:675-86. 1999..The analysis also demonstrates a successful method to quantify bicycle travel exposure information and should be considered for further use as complement to other existing techniques...
- Improved muscular efficiency displayed as Tour de France champion maturesEdward F Coyle
Human Performance Laboratory, Dept of Kinesiology and Health Education, Bellmont Hall 222, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
J Appl Physiol (1985) 98:2191-6. 2005..g., 5 l/min). It is hypothesized that the improved muscular efficiency probably reflects changes in muscle myosin type stimulated from years of training intensely for 3-6 h on most days...
- Longitudinal associations of cycling to school with adolescent fitnessAshley R Cooper
Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, UK
Prev Med 47:324-8. 2008..To investigate whether change in transport to school from non-cycling to cycling was associated with change in cardio-respiratory fitness (CRF) over a six-year follow-up...
- Use of alcohol as a risk factor for bicycling injuryG Li
Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1830 E Monument St, Suite 6 100, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
JAMA 285:893-6. 2001b>Bicycling is one of the leading causes of recreational injuries. Elevated blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) are found in about one third of fatally injured bicyclists aged 15 years or older.
- Bicycle-related injuries among the elderly--a new epidemic?R Ekman
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden
Public Health 115:38-43. 2001b>Bicycling in Sweden has almost doubled between 1980 and 1992/3 among persons aged 25-64 y. The upward trend is continuing...
- Built environmental correlates of walking and cycling in Dutch urban children: results from the SPACE studySanne I de Vries
Department of Health Promotion, TNO Quality of Life, Wassenaarseweg 56, Leiden, The Netherlands
Int J Environ Res Public Health 7:2309-24. 2010....
- Pediatric hospitalizations for bicycle-related injuriesSummit Shah
The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA
Inj Prev 13:316-21. 2007..To determine the incidence of bicycle-related injury hospitalizations among children and adolescents 20 years of age and younger and to examine the associated use of healthcare resources...
- Respiratory muscle training increases cycling endurance without affecting cardiovascular responses to exerciseG Markov
Institute for Human Movement Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Institute of Physiology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr. 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Eur J Appl Physiol 85:233-9. 2001..It is concluded that the increased cycling endurance that is observed after RMT is not due to cardiovascular adaptations, and that the results provide evidence for the role of the respiratory system as an exercise-limiting factor...
- Trends in pediatric and adult bicycling deaths before and after passage of a bicycle helmet lawDavid E Wesson
Division of Pediatric Medicine and the Pediatric Outcomes Research Team, Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Pediatrics 122:605-10. 2008....
- Rigorous bicycling does not increase serum levels of total and free prostate-specific antigen (PSA), the free/total PSA ratio, gonadotropin levels, or uroflowmetric parametersTolga Saka
Department of Sports Medicine, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
Urology 74:1325-30. 2009..To determine whether cycling has an effect on serum PSA, gonadotropins, and uroflowmetric parameters...
- Effect of pedaling exercise on the hemiplegic lower limbToshiyuki Fujiwara
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 82:357-63. 2003..To assess the effects of pedaling exercise on the muscle activities in hemiparetic lower limbs in patients with stroke...
- Epidemiology of bicycle injuries in 13 health divisions, Islamic Republic of Iran 2003Mohammad Karkhaneh
Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Accid Anal Prev 40:192-9. 2008..9; 95% CI 1.2-3.2) compared with other mechanisms of injury. As a conclusion, bicyclists in Iran, particularly males and young children, are vulnerable to severe injury and death when struck by moving vehicles on highways...
- Injuries to pedal cyclists on New Zealand roads, 1988-2007Sandar Tin Tin
Section of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
BMC Public Health 10:655. 2010..We investigated exposure-based rates and profiles of traffic injuries sustained by pedal cyclists that resulted in death or hospital inpatient treatment in New Zealand, one of the most car dependent countries...
- Bicycle injury prevention and safety in senior ridersJanice S Hayes
Christine E Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, USA
J Trauma Nurs 10:66-8. 2003....
- Population-based analysis of severe injuries from nonmotorized wheeled vehiclesDavid E Konkin
Trauma Program, Vancouver Coastal Health Authority, 855 W 12th Ave, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5Z 1M9
Am J Surg 191:615-8. 2006b>Bicycling, skateboarding, and inline skating are popular recreational activities, with the potential of causing severe injury.
- Bicycle-related injuries among children and adolescents in the United StatesTracy J Mehan
Center for Injury Research and Policy, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children s Hospital, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 43205, USA
Clin Pediatr (Phila) 48:166-73. 2009..77) times more likely to have their injuries result in death. The large number of annual bicycle related-injuries is evidence that prevention of these injuries should remain an important area of bicycle safety research and practice...
- Bicycling injuries and mortality in Victoria, 2001-2006Mirjana Sikic
Emergency Department, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
Med J Aust 190:353-6. 2009To investigate the incidence of bicycling injuries and bicycle injury characteristics in the Victorian population.
- Cyclists' attitudes toward policies encouraging bicycle travel: findings from the Taupo Bicycle Study in New ZealandSandar Tin Tin
Section of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
Health Promot Int 25:54-62. 2010..There were important differences in these perceived influences defined by the participants' socio-demographic characteristics and current cycling habits...
- Conservative management of a traumatic abdominal wall hernia after a bicycle handlebar injury (case report and literature review)Karen Litton
Department of Surgery, Prince Charles Hospital Merthyr Tydfil CF479DT, Cardiff, Wales, UK
J Pediatr Surg 43:e31-2. 2008..We present a case of handelbar hernia, discuss its investigation and treatment and suggest that immediate surgical repair may not always be required...
- Action on cycling in primary care trusts: results of a survey of Directors of Public HealthNick Cavill
Cycling England, c o 185A Moss Lane, Bramhall, Stockport, Cheshire, Sk7 IBA UK
Public Health 121:100-5. 2007..A survey of Directors of Public Health in PCTs was conducted to establish the level and type of PCT involvement in policies, strategies, programmes and projects on cycling...
- The effect of long-distance bicycling on ulnar and median nerves: an electrophysiologic evaluation of cyclist palsyVenu Akuthota
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Anschutz Outpatient Pavilion, Box 6510, Mail Stop F712, Aurora, CO 80045 0510, USA
Am J Sports Med 33:1224-30. 2005..Previous studies utilizing nerve conduction studies have typically been either case reports or small case series...
- Assessing the impact of pulmonary rehabilitation on functional status in COPDL Laviolette
Centre de Recherche, Hopital Laval, Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de l Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada
Thorax 63:115-21. 2008....
- Particulate matter exposure along designated bicycle routes in Vancouver, British ColumbiaAmy Thai
Department of Geography, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Sci Total Environ 405:26-35. 2008..Observations show qualitative agreement in terms of spatial patterns with a land-use regression (LUR) model for annual PM(2.5) concentrations...
- The influence of the physical environment and sociodemographic characteristics on children's mode of travel to and from schoolKristian Larsen
Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
Am J Public Health 99:520-6. 2009..We examined whether certain characteristics of the social and physical environment influence a child's mode of travel between home and school...
- Cycling safety: injury prevention in Oxford cyclistsL McGuire
John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK
Inj Prev 6:285-7. 2000..To assess injury prevention measures used by cyclists in Oxford and to detect any differences between wearers and non-wearers of cycling helmets...
- Limb-loaded cycling program for locomotor intervention following strokeDavid A Brown
Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 645 N Michigan Ave, Suite 1100, Chicago, IL 60601, USA
Phys Ther 85:159-68. 2005..This case report describes implementation of a limb-loaded cycling (LLC) training program as a feasible exercise for people in early phases of locomotor training following stroke...
- Understanding the contex for physical activity in urban African AmericansAnjali Deshpande; Fiscal Year: 2007..the least active groups in the United States but do report high rates of transport activity (defined as walking/bicycling from place to place)...
- Safe 'n Fun: An Injury Prevention KitROBIN INLANDER; Fiscal Year: 2005DESCRIPTION (provided by investigator): In the fourth grade children are just entering bicycling's "danger age" of 10 to 14 years old...
- Get Active Orlando: Walking, Bicycling, GardeningKaren E Dennis; Fiscal Year: 2010..Research project is to implement, evaluate, and disseminate the immediate and 2-year effects of walking, bicycling, and community gardening approaches to enhancing physically active lifestyles among urban-dwelling older adults ..
- LAND USE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITYROBERT BOER; Fiscal Year: 2004..Because walking and bicycling can significantly promote health, we propose to carefully investigate the relationship between land use and ..
- DIETARY INTERVENTION METHODS FOR CLINICAL TRIALSRobert Jeffery; Fiscal Year: 2001..intervention will strongly encourage subjects to develop an exercise program based primarily on walking and bicycling. The enhanced exercise intervention will involve social support teams, individualized exercise prescriptions, ..
- Spousal communication and cancer prevention behaviorKELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2006..The long-term goal of this research is to develop better interventions which help prevent cancer, and other chronic health conditions, by involving spouses in preventive behavior change programs. ..
- Understanding Change in Physical Activity PostpartumKELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2007..This proposal directly addresses the need to better understand multi-level factors involved in physical activity behavior change, RFA #CA-04-009 "Mechanisms of Physical Activity Behavior Change". ..
- Understanding Change in Physical Activity PostpartumKELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2009..This proposal directly addresses the need to better understand multi-level factors involved in physical activity behavior change, RFA #CA-04-009 "Mechanisms of Physical Activity Behavior Change". ..
- Destinations on Greenways Related to Physical ActivityANNE LUSK; Fiscal Year: 2007..Aim III: Dr. Lusk will teach a course titled "Physical Activity, Environments and Health". ..
- Destinations on Greenways Related to Physical ActivityANNE LUSK; Fiscal Year: 2007..Aim III: Dr. Lusk would teach a course titled "Physical Activity Environments and Health." . ..
- Physical Activity and Quality of Life in Multiple SclerosisRobert Motl; Fiscal Year: 2007..Before encouraging participation in physical activity, additional research is required that supports the link between physical activity and QOL and identifies factors that account for this relationship. ..
- Physiological Signals to MCT ExpressionGeorge Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2007..Aim 3 studies will involve comparisons of the levels of muscle MCT pre-mRNAs, mRNAs and protein levels. We have the tools to achieve the stated aims. ..
- Exercise Substrate Utilization:The Crossover ConceptGeorge Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2006..Further, we have the auxiliary personnel and facilities to conduct longitudinal training studies ..
- EXERCISE SUBSTRATE UTILIZATION--THE CROSSOVER CONCEPTGeorge Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2001..Indirect calorimetry, primed-continuous dual stable isotope infusion, isotope and isotopomer analyses, and glucoregulatory hormonal analyses will be used to address the specific aims. ..
- Disability from Pediatric Trauma Brain InjuryFrederick Rivara; Fiscal Year: 2007..The study team represents an interdisciplinary group of very experienced investigators to carry out a rigorous study to provide information to inform future research, care and policy...
- How Do Immature Perceptual-Motor Skills Put Child Cyclists at Risk for Injury?Jodie M Plumert; Fiscal Year: 2010..Using an immersive, interactive bicycling simulator, we will examine how two important aspects of perceptual-motor development influence road-crossing ..
- PILOT AGING AND AVIATION SAFETYGuohua Li; Fiscal Year: 2007..Results of this project can provide valuable empirical data for understanding the relationship between pilot aging and safety performance and for reassessing the "age-60 rule." ..
- VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANSCHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- EXERCISED INDUCED MUSCLE SORENESS AND MUSCLE SYMPATHETIC NERVE ACTIVITY: PROSTAGLCHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2000..This study will investigate the effects of the drug, ketoprofen (after exercise-induced muscle soreness) on exercise increases in muscle sympathetic nerve activity and blood flow. ..
- PROSTAGLANDIN AND EXERCISE INDUCED INCREASES IN MUSCLECHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2000..We hypothesize that ketoprofen, a prostaglandin inhibitor, will attentuate MSNA response to exercise. ..
- EFFECT OF MELATONIN ON THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEMCHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2000..Response to therapy will be assessed by a reduction in the hepatitis C viral RNA level and hepatic alanine aminotransferase levels. ..
- VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANSCHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- How Do Immature Perceptual-Motor Skills Put Child Cyclists at Risk for Injury?JODIE PLUMERT; Fiscal Year: 2007..Using an immersive, interactive bicycling simulator, we will examine how two important aspects of perceptual-motor development influence road-crossing ..
- VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANSCHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2000..abstract_text> ..
- A Novel Load Sensing Tibial Prosthesis DesignDARRYL D LIMA; Fiscal Year: 2006..Additional uses are intraoperative measurement of forces to determine soft tissue balancing, evaluation of the effects of rehabilitation, external bracing, and athletic activities, and activities of daily living. ..
- VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN TRAINED ATHLETESCHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2000..This project will attempt to determine if the vestibular system contributes to increase orthostatic intolerance in highly-trained individuals. ..
- Localization of saturated diacylglycerol and insulin sensitivity in humansBryan C Bergman; Fiscal Year: 2010..These studies may allow a better understanding of factors which promote and prevent insulin resistance in humans so that better therapeutic targets can be developed. ..
- Motor Performance and Cortical Changes in Chronic StrokeBarbara Quaney; Fiscal Year: 2007..Understanding cortical adaptations underlying force modulation and improvements in skilled motor tasks after stroke will provide a foundation for scientifically-based rehabilitation interventions. ..
- VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANSCHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2005..The design of these studies will increase our understanding of how the vestibular system contributes to orthostatic blood pressure regulation in humans. ..
- WVU Injury Control Research CenterJames Helmkamp; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- WVU Injury Control Research CenterJames Helmkamp; Fiscal Year: 2006..We also propose two seed projects: Development of the Mid-Atlantic Injury Control Network and Development of a Medical Explorer Post. ..
- Tracking Fatigue-Related Changes in Motor CoordinationJONATHAN DINGWELL; Fiscal Year: 2006..We hope these efforts will one day help reduce the tremendous monetary and personal costs associated with these injuries ..
- Tracking Fatigue-Related Changes in Motor CoordinationJONATHAN DINGWELL; Fiscal Year: 2006..It is hoped that these efforts will one day help reduce the tremendous personal and monetary costs associated with these injuries. ..