Genomes and Genes
Summary: The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).
Publications243 found, 100 shown here
- Facial cooling-induced bradycardia does not slow pulmonary V.O2 kinetics at the onset of high-intensity exerciseMasako Endo
Dept. of Exercise Science and Physiology, School of Health Sciences, Hiroshima Prefectural Women's Univ, 1-1-71, Ujina-higashi, Minamiku, Hiroshima 734-8558, Japan
J Appl Physiol 95:1623-31. 2003..As the facilitation of Vo2 subsequent to prior heavy leg cycling exercise is not attenuated by slowing the central circulation, it seems unlikely that this facilitation is exclusively determined by a blood flow-related mechanism...
- Effect of different pedal rates on oxygen uptake slow component during constant-load cycling exerciseT Migita
Institute of Health and Sports Science, Kurume University, Kurume, Japan
J Sports Med Phys Fitness 46:189-96. 2006....
- All-cause mortality associated with physical activity during leisure time, work, sports, and cycling to workL B Andersen
Institute for Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Arch Intern Med 160:1621-8. 2000..Physical activity is associated with low mortality in men, but little is known about the association in women, different age groups, and everyday activity...
- Influence of exercise, walking, cycling, and overall nonexercise physical activity on mortality in Chinese womenCharles E Matthews
Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine and Public Health, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt University Medical School, Nashville, TN 37203 1738, USA
Am J Epidemiol 165:1343-50. 2007..62, 0.99). These findings add new evidence that overall physical activity levels are an important determinant of longevity, and that health benefit can be obtained through an active lifestyle, exercise, or combinations of both...
- Active school transportation in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada: an exploration of trends in space and time (1986-2006)Ron N Buliung
Department of Geography, University of Toronto at Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Road N, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
Prev Med 48:507-12. 2009..This study describes temporal and spatial trends in active transportation for school trips in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada's largest city-region...
- Attitudes and the environment as determinants of active travel in adults: what do and don't we know?Jenna Rachel Panter
School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
J Phys Act Health 7:551-61. 2010..This paper describes current knowledge of the psychological and environmental determinants of active travel in adults, and considers ways in which the 2 domains can be better integrated...
- Neighborhood road environments and physical activity among youth: the CLAN studyAlison Carver
Deakin University, Burwood, Vic, Australia
J Urban Health 85:532-44. 2008..Speed humps were positively associated with adolescent boys' MVPA during evenings. The road environment influences physical activity among youth in different ways, according to age group, sex and type of physical activity...
- Cyclists injured while sharing the road with motor vehiclesTadesse Haileyesus
Office of Statistics and Programming, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30340, USA
Inj Prev 13:202-6. 2007..To provide national estimates of non-fatal cyclist injuries treated in US hospital emergency departments (EDs) resulting from an encounter with a motor vehicle (MV) on the road...
- Social-ecological correlates of active commuting to school among high school studentsJennifer E Robertson-Wilson
Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
J Adolesc Health 42:486-95. 2008..The purpose of this study is to explore the relationships between demographic, behavioral, social/psychological, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school among a sample of high school students...
- Factors associated with children being driven to school: implications for walk to school programsLi Ming Wen
Health Promotion Unit, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Level 9, King George V Building, Missenden Road, Camperdown, New South Wales 2050, Australia
Health Educ Res 23:325-34. 2008..To be effective, walk to school programs need to address the link between parent journey to work and student journey to school...
- Traumatic bicycle handlebar herniaSteven C J Goh
Dorset County Hospital, Williams Avenue, Dorchester, Dorset, UK
Eur J Emerg Med 15:179-80. 2008..Surgical exploration with primary repair of the defect is the definitive treatment in cases of traumatic hernia...
- Associations between intrapersonal and neighborhood environmental characteristics and cycling for transport and recreation in adults: baseline results from the RESIDE studySylvia Titze
Dept of Physical Activity and Health, Institute of Sport Science, Graz, Austria
J Phys Act Health 7:423-31. 2010..This study investigated the relationship between individual and neighborhood environmental factors and cycling for transport and for recreation among adults living in Perth, Western Australia...
- Does bicycling contribute to the risk of erectile dysfunction? Results from the Massachusetts Male Aging Study (MMAS)L Marceau
New England Research Institutes, Watertown, MA 02472, USA
Int J Impot Res 13:298-302. 2001An association between bicycling and erectile dysfunction (ED) has been described previously, but there are limited data examining this association in a random population of men...
- Handlebar hernia: traumatic abdominal wall hernia with multiple enterotomies. A case report and review of the literatureLudmila Haimovici
Department of Surgery, Nassau University Medical Center, East Meadow, NY 11554, USA
J Pediatr Surg 42:567-9. 2007..Since then, 12 other cases have been reported. To the best of our knowledge, the case described here is the first documented case of an incarcerated handlebar hernia associated with a small bowel perforation and mesenteric disruption...
- Route preferences among adults in the near market for bicycling: findings of the cycling in cities studyMeghan Winters
Department of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Am J Health Promot 25:40-7. 2010To provide evidence about the types of transportation infrastructure that support bicycling.
- National prevalence and correlates of walking and bicycling to schoolSarah L Martin
Program Evaluation Across the Nation Using Technology, Farmington, Maine, USA
Am J Prev Med 33:98-105. 2007..Active travel to school provides youth with an opportunity to accumulate minutes of physical activity toward meeting recommended levels...
- The vicious cycling: bicycling related urogenital disordersIlan Leibovitch
Department of Urology, Meir Medical Center, Affiliated to Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, 59 Tchernichovski St, Kfar Saba, Israel
Eur Urol 47:277-86; discussion 286-7. 2005..Bicycles are also a common source of significant injuries. This review focuses upon the specific bicycling related overuse injuries affecting the genitourinary tract.
- Personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to schoolAnna Timperio
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, and The Children s Hospital at Westmead, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Am J Prev Med 30:45-51. 2006..The purpose of this study was to examine personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school among children...
- Reliability and validity of destination-specific barriers to walking and cycling for youthHolly Forman
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
Prev Med 46:311-6. 2008..To investigate the psychometric properties of a new measure of barriers youth encounter while walking to specific destinations and to validate the measure with self-reported walking to these destinations...
- Toronto bicycle commuter safety ratesL Aultman-Hall
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40506 0281, USA
Accid Anal Prev 31:675-86. 1999..The analysis also demonstrates a successful method to quantify bicycle travel exposure information and should be considered for further use as complement to other existing techniques...
- Associations among individual, social, and environmental barriers and children's walking or cycling to schoolJo Salmon
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood VIC 3125, Australia
Am J Health Promot 22:107-13. 2007..To examine associations among individual, social, and environmental barriers and children's walking or cycling to school...
- Longitudinal associations of cycling to school with adolescent fitnessAshley R Cooper
Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, UK
Prev Med 47:324-8. 2008..To investigate whether change in transport to school from non-cycling to cycling was associated with change in cardio-respiratory fitness (CRF) over a six-year follow-up...
- Improved muscular efficiency displayed as Tour de France champion maturesEdward F Coyle
Human Performance Laboratory, Dept of Kinesiology and Health Education, Bellmont Hall 222, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
J Appl Physiol 98:2191-6. 2005..g., 5 l/min). It is hypothesized that the improved muscular efficiency probably reflects changes in muscle myosin type stimulated from years of training intensely for 3-6 h on most days...
- GIS measured environmental correlates of active school transport: a systematic review of 14 studiesBonny Yee Man Wong
Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:39. 2011..The objectives of this review are: i) to examine and summarize the relationships between objectively measured BE features and AST in children and adolescents and ii) to critically discuss GIS methodologies used in this context...
- Effect of pedaling exercise on the hemiplegic lower limbToshiyuki Fujiwara
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 82:357-63. 2003..CONCLUSION: Pedaling could facilitate phasic and coordinated muscle activities even in patients with severe hemiparesis, and it is potentially an effective mode of muscle reeducation...
- Pediatric hospitalizations for bicycle-related injuriesSummit Shah
The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA
Inj Prev 13:316-21. 2007..To determine the incidence of bicycle-related injury hospitalizations among children and adolescents 20 years of age and younger and to examine the associated use of healthcare resources...
- Conservative management of a traumatic abdominal wall hernia after a bicycle handlebar injury (case report and literature review)Karen Litton
Department of Surgery, Prince Charles Hospital Merthyr Tydfil CF479DT, Cardiff, Wales, UK
J Pediatr Surg 43:e31-2. 2008..We present a case of handelbar hernia, discuss its investigation and treatment and suggest that immediate surgical repair may not always be required...
- Epidemiology of bicycle injuries in 13 health divisions, Islamic Republic of Iran 2003Mohammad Karkhaneh
Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Accid Anal Prev 40:192-9. 2008..9; 95% CI 1.2-3.2) compared with other mechanisms of injury. As a conclusion, bicyclists in Iran, particularly males and young children, are vulnerable to severe injury and death when struck by moving vehicles on highways...
- Population-based analysis of severe injuries from nonmotorized wheeled vehiclesDavid E Konkin
Trauma Program, Vancouver Coastal Health Authority, 855 W. 12th Ave, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5Z 1M9
Am J Surg 191:615-8. 2006BACKGROUND: Bicycling, skateboarding, and inline skating are popular recreational activities, with the potential of causing severe injury...
- Trends in pediatric and adult bicycling deaths before and after passage of a bicycle helmet lawDavid E Wesson
Division of Pediatric Medicine and the Pediatric Outcomes Research Team, Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Pediatrics 122:605-10. 2008....
- Injuries to pedal cyclists on New Zealand roads, 1988-2007Sandar Tin Tin
Section of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
BMC Public Health 10:655. 2010..We investigated exposure-based rates and profiles of traffic injuries sustained by pedal cyclists that resulted in death or hospital inpatient treatment in New Zealand, one of the most car dependent countries...
- Use of alcohol as a risk factor for bicycling injuryG Li
Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1830 E Monument St, Suite 6 100, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
JAMA 285:893-6. 2001b>Bicycling is one of the leading causes of recreational injuries. Elevated blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) are found in about one third of fatally injured bicyclists aged 15 years or older.
- Built environmental correlates of walking and cycling in Dutch urban children: results from the SPACE studySanne I de Vries
Department of Health Promotion, TNO Quality of Life, Wassenaarseweg 56, Leiden, The Netherlands
Int J Environ Res Public Health 7:2309-24. 2010....
- Action on cycling in primary care trusts: results of a survey of Directors of Public HealthNick Cavill
Cycling England, c o 185A Moss Lane, Bramhall, Stockport, Cheshire, Sk7 IBA UK
Public Health 121:100-5. 2007..A survey of Directors of Public Health in PCTs was conducted to establish the level and type of PCT involvement in policies, strategies, programmes and projects on cycling...
- Cyclists' attitudes toward policies encouraging bicycle travel: findings from the Taupo Bicycle Study in New ZealandSandar Tin Tin
Section of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
Health Promot Int 25:54-62. 2010..There were important differences in these perceived influences defined by the participants' socio-demographic characteristics and current cycling habits...
- Rigorous bicycling does not increase serum levels of total and free prostate-specific antigen (PSA), the free/total PSA ratio, gonadotropin levels, or uroflowmetric parametersTolga Saka
Department of Sports Medicine, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
Urology 74:1325-30. 2009..To determine whether cycling has an effect on serum PSA, gonadotropins, and uroflowmetric parameters...
- Bicycle-related injuries among the elderly--a new epidemic?R Ekman
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden
Public Health 115:38-43. 2001b>Bicycling in Sweden has almost doubled between 1980 and 1992/3 among persons aged 25-64 y. The upward trend is continuing...
- Respiratory muscle training increases cycling endurance without affecting cardiovascular responses to exerciseG Markov
Institute for Human Movement Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Institute of Physiology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr. 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Eur J Appl Physiol 85:233-9. 2001..It is concluded that the increased cycling endurance that is observed after RMT is not due to cardiovascular adaptations, and that the results provide evidence for the role of the respiratory system as an exercise-limiting factor...
- The effect of long-distance bicycling on ulnar and median nerves: an electrophysiologic evaluation of cyclist palsyVenu Akuthota
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Anschutz Outpatient Pavilion, Box 6510, Mail Stop F712, Aurora, CO 80045 0510, USA
Am J Sports Med 33:1224-30. 2005..Previous studies utilizing nerve conduction studies have typically been either case reports or small case series...
- Bicycle-related injuries among children and adolescents in the United StatesTracy J Mehan
Center for Injury Research and Policy, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children s Hospital, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 43205, USA
Clin Pediatr (Phila) 48:166-73. 2009..77) times more likely to have their injuries result in death. The large number of annual bicycle related-injuries is evidence that prevention of these injuries should remain an important area of bicycle safety research and practice...
- Bicycle injury prevention and safety in senior ridersJanice S Hayes
Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, USA
J Trauma Nurs 10:66-8. 2003....
- Bicycling injuries and mortality in Victoria, 2001-2006Mirjana Sikic
Emergency Department, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
Med J Aust 190:353-6. 2009To investigate the incidence of bicycling injuries and bicycle injury characteristics in the Victorian population.
- Particulate matter exposure along designated bicycle routes in Vancouver, British ColumbiaAmy Thai
Department of Geography, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Sci Total Environ 405:26-35. 2008..Observations show qualitative agreement in terms of spatial patterns with a land-use regression (LUR) model for annual PM(2.5) concentrations...
- Neighborhood, route, and school environments and children's active commutingJenna R Panter
School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
Am J Prev Med 38:268-78. 2010..These behaviors may be influenced by characteristics of the environment around homes and schools, yet few studies have quantified the potential associations between these two sets of factors...
- The influence of the physical environment and sociodemographic characteristics on children's mode of travel to and from schoolKristian Larsen
Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
Am J Public Health 99:520-6. 2009..We examined whether certain characteristics of the social and physical environment influence a child's mode of travel between home and school...
- Assessing the impact of pulmonary rehabilitation on functional status in COPDL Laviolette
Centre de Recherche, Hopital Laval, Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de l Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada
Thorax 63:115-21. 2008....
- The effect of carbohydrate mouth rinse on 1-h cycle time trial performanceJames M Carter
Human Performance Laboratory, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, B15 2TT, Birmingham, UK
Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:2107-11. 2004..The nature and role of putative CHO receptors in the mouth warrants further investigation...
- Missing cyclistsJ D Langley
Injury Prevention Research Unit, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Inj Prev 9:376-9. 2003..3) To determine the degree to which under-reporting of serious crashes involving cyclists and motor vehicles on public roads is associated with various demographic, environmental, and injury factors...
- Limb-loaded cycling program for locomotor intervention following strokeDavid A Brown
Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 645 N Michigan Ave, Suite 1100, Chicago, IL 60601, USA
Phys Ther 85:159-68. 2005..This case report describes implementation of a limb-loaded cycling (LLC) training program as a feasible exercise for people in early phases of locomotor training following stroke...
- The effect of roundabout design features on cyclist accident rateTove Hels
Danish Transport Research Institute, Knuth Wintherfeldts Allé, Building 116 West, DK 2800 Lyngby, Denmark
Accid Anal Prev 39:300-7. 2007..The 48 single cyclist accidents were significantly related to the traffic volume of cyclists only. Due to our limited number of observations, the models should be regarded as indicative...
- Statewide prevalence and correlates of walking and bicycling to schoolKelly R Evenson
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27514, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 157:887-92. 2003Travel to and from school can be an important and regular source of physical activity for youth. Few US studies have documented the prevalence and correlates of walking and bicycling to school.
- Epidemiology and outcome of bicycle injuries presenting to an emergency department in the United KingdomJennifer A Davidson
Emergency Department, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol, UK
Eur J Emerg Med 12:24-9. 2005..To describe the epidemiology, injuries sustained and outcomes of patients presenting to an emergency department after a bicycle accident in Cambridge, England...
- Commuting physical activity and risk of colon cancer in Shanghai, ChinaLifang Hou
Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7240, USA
Am J Epidemiol 160:860-7. 2004..54 for men; OR = 7.42, 95% CI: 2.84, 10.01 for women). Our results suggest that regular and frequent physical activity over a long period of time protects from colon cancer and significantly modifies the body mass index-associated risk...
- Promoting walking and cycling as an alternative to using cars: systematic reviewDavid Ogilvie
MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RZ
BMJ 329:763. 2004..To assess what interventions are effective in promoting a population shift from using cars towards walking and cycling and to assess the health effects of such interventions...
- No clear evidence from countries that have enforced the wearing of helmetsD L Robinson
University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia
BMJ 332:722-5. 2006
- "Walk in to Work Out": a randomised controlled trial of a self help intervention to promote active commutingN Mutrie
Centre for Exercise Science and Medicine, Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 56:407-12. 2002..Conclusion: The "Walk in to Work Out" pack was successful in increasing walking but not cycling. The environment for cycling must be improved before cycling will become a popular option...
- Exposure assessment of a cyclist to PM10 and ultrafine particlesP Berghmans
VITO, Flemish Institute for Technological Research Boeretang 200, B 2400 Mol, Belgium
Sci Total Environ 407:1286-98. 2009..The major sources of UFP and PM(10) were identified, which are vehicular emission and construction activities, respectively. We also present a dust mapping technique which can be a useful tool for town planners and local policy makers...
- The non-linearity of risk and the promotion of environmentally sustainable transportRune Elvik
Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, Oslo NO 0349, Norway
Accid Anal Prev 41:849-55. 2009..This shows that the high injury rate for pedestrians and cyclists in the current transport system does not necessarily imply that encouraging walking or cycling rather than driving will lead to more accidents...
- Cycling to work: influence on indexes of health in untrained men and women in Flanders. Coronary heart disease and quality of lifeB de Geus
Policy Research Centre Sport, Physical Activity and Health, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Fac LK, Department of Human Physiology and Sports Medicine, Brussels, Belgium
Scand J Med Sci Sports 18:498-510. 2008..These results show that cycling to work has a positive influence on CHD risk factors and is likely to improve the health-related quality of life in previously untrained healthy adults...
- Identifying clusters of active transportation using spatial scan statisticsLan Huang
Statistical Research and Applications Branch, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Am J Prev Med 37:157-66. 2009..The purpose of this paper is to illustrate how a spatial cluster identification method can evaluate the geographic variation of active transportation and identify neighborhoods with unusually high/low levels of active transportation...
- Infrastructure, programs, and policies to increase bicycling: an international reviewJohn Pucher
Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
Prev Med 50:S106-25. 2010To assess existing research on the effects of various interventions on levels of bicycling. Interventions include infrastructure (e.g...
- Longitudinal associations between neighborhood-level street network with walking, bicycling, and jogging: the CARDIA studyNingqi Hou
Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Health Place 16:1206-15. 2010To investigate the differential association between neighborhood-level street network with walking, bicycling, and jogging by urbanicity and gender.
- Walking, bicycling, and urban landscapes: evidence from the San Francisco Bay AreaRobert Cervero
Department of City and Regional Planning, University of California, 228 Wurster Hall, MC 1850, Berkeley, CA 94720 1850, USA
Am J Public Health 93:1478-83. 2003Some claim that car-dependent cities contribute to obesity by discouraging walking and bicycling. In this article, we use household activity data from the San Francisco region to study the links between urban environments and ..
- Motor vehicle and roadway factors in pedestrian and bicyclist injuries: an examination based on emergency department dataJ C Stutts
University of North Carolina, Highway Safety Research Center, Chapel Hill 27599 3430, USA
Accid Anal Prev 31:505-14. 1999Information on 2558 persons treated for injuries incurred while bicycling or walking was collected from eight hospital emergency departments over approximately a one-year time period...
- Promoting transportation cycling for women: the role of bicycle infrastructureJan Garrard
School of Health and Social Development, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
Prev Med 46:55-9. 2008..We investigated whether female commuter cyclists were more likely to use bicycle routes that provide separation from motor vehicle traffic...
- Bicycle safety behavior in Paris and BostonJ S Osberg
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Accid Anal Prev 30:679-87. 1998..Suggestions for further research and practical ways to improve U.S. bicycle safety behavior are discussed...
- Cycling safety: injury prevention in Oxford cyclistsL McGuire
John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK
Inj Prev 6:285-7. 2000..To assess injury prevention measures used by cyclists in Oxford and to detect any differences between wearers and non-wearers of cycling helmets...
- Lactic acidosis, potassium, and the heart rate deflection point in professional road cyclistsA Lucia
Departamento de Ciencias Morfológicas y Fisiología, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Br J Sports Med 36:113-7. 2002..To determine the influence of lactic acidosis, the Bohr effect, and exercise induced hyperkalaemia on the occurrence of the heart rate deflection point (HRDP) in elite (professional) cyclists...
- Acute moderate hypoxia affects the oxygen desaturation and the performance but not the oxygen uptake responseR A P Heubert
Centre de Médecine du Sport, Caisse Centrale des Activités Sociales, Paris, France
Int J Sports Med 26:542-51. 2005..At the same relative workload, hypoxia modified performance, arterial and muscular oxygen desaturation but not the oxygen uptake response. In normoxia, correlation showed that desaturation seems to be a limiting factor of performance...
- Correlations between physiological variables and performance in high level cross country off road cyclistsF M Impellizzeri
Human Performance Laboratory, S S Mapei, Castellanza 21053, Italy
Br J Sports Med 39:747-51. 2005..To examine the relations between maximal and submaximal indices of aerobic fitness and off road cycling performance in a homogeneous group of high level mountain bikers...
- Effect of endurance training on lung function: a one year studyP Kippelen
UPRES EA 701, Physiologie des Interactions, , F-34295 Montpellier, France
Br J Sports Med 39:617-21. 2005..98 (0.10) litres during the competitive period; p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study does not provide significant evidence of lung function impairment in healthy Mediterranean athletes after one year of endurance training...
- Effect of fluid ingestion on neuromuscular function during prolonged cycling exerciseJ M Vallier
E A 3162 Laboratoire Ergonomie Sportive et Performance, Universite de Toulon Var, BP 20132, 83957 La Garde Cedex, France
Br J Sports Med 39:e17. 2005..To investigate the effects of fluid ingestion on neuromuscular function during prolonged cycling exercise...
- RPE-lactate dissociation during extended cyclingJ M Green
Department of Kinesiology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, 35487 0312, USA
Eur J Appl Physiol 94:145-50. 2005..06) were weak and non-significant. There is a dissociation of RPE and [LA] owing to RPE drift and lactate kinetics in longer duration sub-maximal exercise. Apparently, [LA] is not a strong RPE mediator during extended cycling...
- Reliability of the Lode Excalibur Sport Ergometer and applicability to Computrainer electromagnetically braked cycling training deviceConrad P Earnest
The Cooper Institute Center for Human Performance and Nutrition Research, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
J Strength Cond Res 19:344-8. 2005..01). We conclude that coaches and cyclists may need to use some caution when directly transferring results obtained from laboratory testing to the Computrainer training device...
- Cadence selection affects metabolic responses during cycling and subsequent running time to fatigueF Vercruyssen
Department of Sport Ergonomics and Performance, University of Toulon Var, BP 132, 83957 La Garde Cedex, France
Br J Sports Med 39:267-72. 2005..To investigate the effect of cadence selection during the final minutes of cycling on metabolic responses, stride pattern, and subsequent running time to fatigue...
- Non-linear relationships between central cardiovascular variables and VO2 during incremental cycling exercise in endurance-trained individualsC A Vella
Exercise Physiology Laboratories, The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA
J Sports Med Phys Fitness 45:452-9. 2005....
- Blood lactate removal during recovery at various intensities below the individual anaerobic threshold in triathletesC Baldari
University Institute of Motor Sciences IUSM, Rome, Italy
J Sports Med Phys Fitness 45:460-6. 2005....
- Effect of stage duration on physiological variables commonly used to determine maximum aerobic performance during cycle ergometryDarren M Roffey
School of Human Movement Studies and ATN Centre for Metabolic Fitness, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
J Sports Sci 25:1325-35. 2007..However, the disparity in heart rate and workload could result in differences in mechanical and physiological work being undertaken. Consistent use of a protocol may alleviate errors during exercise prescription...
- Potassium kinetics and its relationship with ventilation during repeated bouts of exercise in womenGerald S Zavorsky
Department of Anesthesia, McGill University Health Center, Montreal General Hospital, 1650 Cedar Avenue, Room D10 144, H3G 1A4, Montreal, QC, Canada
Eur J Appl Physiol 99:173-81. 2007....
- Reproducibility of variables derived from a 90 s all-out effort isokinetic cycling testJ Dekerle
Laboratory of Studies of Human Motricity, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Lille 2, Ronchin, France
J Sports Med Phys Fitness 46:388-94. 2006..The aim of this study was to examine the reliability of the power output profile obtained from a 90 s all-out isokinetic cycling test...
- Time-frequency analysis of heart rate variability during immediate recovery from low and high intensity exerciseKaisu Martinmäki
KIHU, Research Institute for Olympic Sports, Jyvaskyla, Finland
Eur J Appl Physiol 102:353-60. 2008..In conclusion, the present results obtained by the STFT method, suggested that fast vagal reactivation occurs after the end of exercise and restoration of autonomic HR control is slower after exercise with greater metabolic demand...
- Partially opposite hemorheological effects of aging and training at middle ageJerome Manetta
Universite Montpellier 1, UFR de Medecine, Laboratoire de Physiologie des Interactions, Montpellier Institut de Biologie, Boulevard Henri IV, F 34062 France
Clin Hemorheol Microcirc 35:239-44. 2006..Thus, regular cycling at middle age maintains a low hematocrit but does not prevent aging-related increase in red cell rigidity and aggregability. Specific effects of cycling among other sports may explain this specific pattern...
- High content of MYHC II in vastus lateralis is accompanied by higher VO2/power output ratio during moderate intensity cycling performed both at low and at high pedalling ratesJ Majerczak
Department of Muscle Physiology, , Poland
J Physiol Pharmacol 57:199-215. 2006..min(-1), is significantly lower in the individuals with the highest content of MyHC II, when compared to the individuals with the lowest content of MyHC II in the vastus lateralis...
- Reliability of near-infrared spectroscopy for determining muscle oxygen saturation during exerciseKrista G Austin
Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee 32306 1493, USA
Res Q Exerc Sport 76:440-9. 2005..Reliability of muscle StO2 for the gastrocnemius at lactate threshold was R = .87, and R = .88 at maximal effort. Reliability of muscle StO2 for the vastus lateralis at lactate threshold was R = .94 and R = .99 at maximal effort...
- V02 'overshoot' during moderate-intensity exercise in endurance-trained athletes: the influence of exercise modalityAndrew E Kilding
Institute of Sport and Recreation Research New Zealand, School of Sport and Recreation, Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Private Bag 92006, Auckland 1020, New Zealand
Respir Physiol Neurobiol 160:139-46. 2008....
- Frequency of the VO2max plateau phenomenon in world-class cyclistsA Lucia
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, European University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Int J Sports Med 27:984-92. 2006....
- Seven intermittent exposures to altitude improves exercise performance at 4300 mBeth A Beidleman
Thermal and Mountain Medicine Division, United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA 01760, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:141-8. 2008....
- Relation between preferred and optimal cadences during two hours of cycling in triathletesS Argentin
, Institut National du Sport et de l'Education Physique, 75012 Paris, France
Br J Sports Med 40:293-8; discussion 298. 2006..CONCLUSION: The decrease in FCC observed at the end of the cycle task may be due to changes in the muscle fibre recruitment pattern with increasing exercise duration and cadence...
- Locus of symptom limitation and exercise response to bronchodilation in chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseDominic Deschênes
Centre de Recherche, Hopital Laval, Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de l Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada
J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 28:208-14. 2008....
- Mechanically versus electro-magnetically braked cycle ergometer: performance and energy cost of the Wingate Anaerobic TestD Micklewright
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, CO4 3SQ Colchester, England
Eur J Appl Physiol 96:748-51. 2006..515+/-111 J kg(-1)) or W (LAC) (545+/-132 vs. 549+/-141 J kg(-1)) between ME and EE devices. The EE produces distinctly different performance measures but valid metabolic WAnT results that may be used to evaluate anaerobic fitness...
- The effects of creatine supplementation on performance during the repeated bouts of supramaximal exerciseN Okudan
Department of Physiology, Meram Faculty of Medicine, , Konya, Turkey
J Sports Med Phys Fitness 45:507-11. 2005..1 W, there was no change in the placebo group. CONCLUSIONS: It is concluded that creatine supplementation enhances total power output during the repeated bouts of supramaximal exercise separated by short resting intervals...
- Power Output during the Tour de FranceS Vogt
Department of Preventive and Rehabilitative Sports Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
Int J Sports Med 28:756-61. 2007..During MT stages, the MMP for 1800 sec. was highest (394 W vs. 342 W) but the MMP 15 was lower (836 W vs. 895 W) compared to FLT. The data document comprehensively the power output demands during the Tour de France...
- Relationship between oxygenation in inactive biceps brachii muscle and hyperventilation during leg cyclingH Ogata
Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, Graduate School of Education, Hokkaido University, Kita ku, Sapporo City, Japan
Physiol Res 56:57-65. 2007..Thus, we concluded that decrease in oxygenation in inactive arm muscle is closely coupled with increase in the amount of hyperventilation...
- The effect of exercise modality on respiratory muscle performance in triathletesA Boussana
, , 700 Avenue du Pic Saint Loup, F-34090 Montpellier, France
Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:2036-43. 2001..001). CONCLUSION: We concluded that respiratory muscle strength and endurance were less decreased after the cycle-run succession and that cycling induced a greater decrease in respiratory muscle endurance than running...
- Maximal lactate steady state, respiratory compensation threshold and critical powerJ Dekerle
, , Lille 2, 9 rue de l'Universit, 59790 Ronchin, France
Eur J Appl Physiol 89:281-8. 2003..93, respectively). VT(2) overestimated MLSS by 10.9 (6.3)% .VO(2max), which was significantly higher than VT(1) [+21.4 (5.6)% .VO(2max); p<0.01]. CP calculated from a given range of exhaustion times does not correspond to MLSS...
- Oxygen uptake kinetics during moderate, heavy and severe intensity "submaximal" exercise in humans: the influence of muscle fibre type and capillarisationJamie S M Pringle
Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Hassall Road, Alsager ST7 2HL, UK
Eur J Appl Physiol 89:289-300. 2003..VO(2) response at the onset of constant-load sub-maximal exercise. Differences in contraction efficiency and oxidative enzyme activity between type I and type II muscle fibres may be responsible for the differences observed...
- Maximal oxygen uptake and power of lower limbs during a competitive season in triathletesO Galy
Laboratoire ACTES, Unité de Formation et de Recherche des Sciences Techniques des Activités Physiques et Sportives, Antilles Guyane, Campus de Fouillole, 97159 Pointe à Pitre cedex, France
Scand J Med Sci Sports 13:185-93. 2003..Ventilatory data were collected every minute during the incremental test with an automated breath-by-breath system and the heart-rate was monitored using a telemetric system...
- Metabolic demands of intense aerobic interval training in competitive cyclistsN K Stepto
Department of Human Biology and Movement Science, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3083, Australia
Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:303-10. 2001....
- Fat oxidation rates are higher during running compared with cycling over a wide range of intensitiesJuul Achten
Human Performance Laboratory, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Metabolism 52:747-52. 2003..Maximal fat oxidation was 28% higher when walking compared with cycling, but the intensity, which elicits maximal fat oxidation, is not different between these 2 exercise modes...
- A comparison of the cycling performance of cyclists and triathletesPaul B Laursen
Human Performance Laboratory, School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia
J Sports Sci 21:411-8. 2003..05) in the cyclists compared with the triathletes. In conclusion, cyclists may be able to perform better than triathletes in cycling time-trial events because they have higher first and second ventilatory thresholds...
- The VO2 response to exhaustive square wave exercise: influence of exercise intensity and modeS B Draper
School of Sport and Leisure, Oxstalls Campus, University of Gloucestershire, Oxstalls Lane, GL2 9HW, Gloucester, UK
Eur J Appl Physiol 90:92-9. 2003..In running, VO(2) plateaus at this sub-maximal rate...
- Understanding the contex for physical activity in urban African AmericansAnjali Deshpande; Fiscal Year: 2007..the least active groups in the United States but do report high rates of transport activity (defined as walking/bicycling from place to place)...
- Safe 'n Fun: An Injury Prevention KitROBIN INLANDER; Fiscal Year: 2005DESCRIPTION (provided by investigator): In the fourth grade children are just entering bicycling's "danger age" of 10 to 14 years old...
- Get Active Orlando: Walking, Bicycling, GardeningKaren E Dennis; Fiscal Year: 2010..Research project is to implement, evaluate, and disseminate the immediate and 2-year effects of walking, bicycling, and community gardening approaches to enhancing physically active lifestyles among urban-dwelling older adults ..
- LAND USE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITYROBERT BOER; Fiscal Year: 2004..Because walking and bicycling can significantly promote health, we propose to carefully investigate the relationship between land use and ..
- DIETARY INTERVENTION METHODS FOR CLINICAL TRIALSRobert Jeffery; Fiscal Year: 2001..intervention will strongly encourage subjects to develop an exercise program based primarily on walking and bicycling. The enhanced exercise intervention will involve social support teams, individualized exercise prescriptions, ..
- Understanding Change in Physical Activity PostpartumKELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2009..This proposal directly addresses the need to better understand multi-level factors involved in physical activity behavior change, RFA #CA-04-009 "Mechanisms of Physical Activity Behavior Change". ..
- Understanding Change in Physical Activity PostpartumKELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2007..This proposal directly addresses the need to better understand multi-level factors involved in physical activity behavior change, RFA #CA-04-009 "Mechanisms of Physical Activity Behavior Change". ..
- Spousal communication and cancer prevention behaviorKELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2006..The long-term goal of this research is to develop better interventions which help prevent cancer, and other chronic health conditions, by involving spouses in preventive behavior change programs. ..
- Disability from Pediatric Trauma Brain InjuryFrederick Rivara; Fiscal Year: 2007..The study team represents an interdisciplinary group of very experienced investigators to carry out a rigorous study to provide information to inform future research, care and policy...
- Destinations on Greenways Related to Physical ActivityANNE LUSK; Fiscal Year: 2007..Aim III: Dr. Lusk will teach a course titled "Physical Activity, Environments and Health". ..
- Destinations on Greenways Related to Physical ActivityANNE LUSK; Fiscal Year: 2007..Aim III: Dr. Lusk would teach a course titled "Physical Activity Environments and Health." . ..
- VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANSCHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANSCHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2000..abstract_text> ..
- EFFECT OF MELATONIN ON THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEMCHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2000..Response to therapy will be assessed by a reduction in the hepatitis C viral RNA level and hepatic alanine aminotransferase levels. ..
- VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANSCHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- How Do Immature Perceptual-Motor Skills Put Child Cyclists at Risk for Injury?Jodie M Plumert; Fiscal Year: 2010..Using an immersive, interactive bicycling simulator, we will examine how two important aspects of perceptual-motor development influence road-crossing ..
- VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN TRAINED ATHLETESCHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2000..This project will attempt to determine if the vestibular system contributes to increase orthostatic intolerance in highly-trained individuals. ..
- EXERCISED INDUCED MUSCLE SORENESS AND MUSCLE SYMPATHETIC NERVE ACTIVITY: PROSTAGLCHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2000..This study will investigate the effects of the drug, ketoprofen (after exercise-induced muscle soreness) on exercise increases in muscle sympathetic nerve activity and blood flow. ..
- A Novel Load Sensing Tibial Prosthesis DesignDARRYL D LIMA; Fiscal Year: 2006..Additional uses are intraoperative measurement of forces to determine soft tissue balancing, evaluation of the effects of rehabilitation, external bracing, and athletic activities, and activities of daily living. ..
- How Do Immature Perceptual-Motor Skills Put Child Cyclists at Risk for Injury?JODIE PLUMERT; Fiscal Year: 2007..Using an immersive, interactive bicycling simulator, we will examine how two important aspects of perceptual-motor development influence road-crossing ..
- Physical Activity and Quality of Life in Multiple SclerosisRobert Motl; Fiscal Year: 2007..Before encouraging participation in physical activity, additional research is required that supports the link between physical activity and QOL and identifies factors that account for this relationship. ..
- PILOT AGING AND AVIATION SAFETYGuohua Li; Fiscal Year: 2007..Results of this project can provide valuable empirical data for understanding the relationship between pilot aging and safety performance and for reassessing the "age-60 rule." ..
- PROSTAGLANDIN AND EXERCISE INDUCED INCREASES IN MUSCLECHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2000..We hypothesize that ketoprofen, a prostaglandin inhibitor, will attentuate MSNA response to exercise. ..
- Localization of saturated diacylglycerol and insulin sensitivity in humansBryan C Bergman; Fiscal Year: 2010..These studies may allow a better understanding of factors which promote and prevent insulin resistance in humans so that better therapeutic targets can be developed. ..
- VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANSCHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2005..The design of these studies will increase our understanding of how the vestibular system contributes to orthostatic blood pressure regulation in humans. ..
- WVU Injury Control Research CenterJames Helmkamp; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- WVU Injury Control Research CenterJames Helmkamp; Fiscal Year: 2006..We also propose two seed projects: Development of the Mid-Atlantic Injury Control Network and Development of a Medical Explorer Post. ..
- Motor Performance and Cortical Changes in Chronic StrokeBarbara Quaney; Fiscal Year: 2007..Understanding cortical adaptations underlying force modulation and improvements in skilled motor tasks after stroke will provide a foundation for scientifically-based rehabilitation interventions. ..
- Tracking Fatigue-Related Changes in Motor CoordinationJONATHAN DINGWELL; Fiscal Year: 2006..We hope these efforts will one day help reduce the tremendous monetary and personal costs associated with these injuries ..
- Tracking Fatigue-Related Changes in Motor CoordinationJONATHAN DINGWELL; Fiscal Year: 2006..It is hoped that these efforts will one day help reduce the tremendous personal and monetary costs associated with these injuries. ..