bicycling

Summary

Summary: The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).

Top Publications

  1. ncbi All-cause mortality associated with physical activity during leisure time, work, sports, and cycling to work
    L B Andersen
    Institute for Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Arch Intern Med 160:1621-8. 2000
  2. doi Health benefits of cycling: a systematic review
    P Oja
    UKK Institute, Tampere, Finland
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:496-509. 2011
  3. ncbi Active commuting and cardiovascular risk: a meta-analytic review
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Prev Med 46:9-13. 2008
  4. ncbi Walking, cycling, and obesity rates in Europe, North America, and Australia
    David R Bassett
    University of Tennessee Obesity Research Center, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:795-814. 2008
  5. ncbi Influence of exercise, walking, cycling, and overall nonexercise physical activity on mortality in Chinese women
    Charles E Matthews
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine and Public Health, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt University Medical School, Nashville, TN 37203 1738, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:1343-50. 2007
  6. pmc Correlates of time spent walking and cycling to and from work: baseline results from the commuting and health in Cambridge study
    Jenna Panter
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Sciences, Cambridge, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:124. 2011
  7. ncbi Impaired exercise performance in the heat is associated with an anticipatory reduction in skeletal muscle recruitment
    Ross Tucker
    MRC UCT Bioenergetics of Exercise Research Unit, University of Cape Town, Sports Science Institute of South Africa, PO Box 115, 7725, Newlands, South Africa
    Pflugers Arch 448:422-30. 2004
  8. doi Relationship between the physical environment and physical activity in older adults: a systematic review
    Jelle Van Cauwenberg
    Department of Human Biometry and Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Physical Therapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B 1050 Brussel, Belgium
    Health Place 17:458-69. 2011
  9. doi Infrastructure, programs, and policies to increase bicycling: an international review
    John Pucher
    Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Prev Med 50:S106-25. 2010
  10. pmc Walking and cycling to health: a comparative analysis of city, state, and international data
    John Pucher
    Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1986-92. 2010

Detail Information

Publications294 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi All-cause mortality associated with physical activity during leisure time, work, sports, and cycling to work
    L B Andersen
    Institute for Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Arch Intern Med 160:1621-8. 2000
    ..Physical activity is associated with low mortality in men, but little is known about the association in women, different age groups, and everyday activity...
  2. doi Health benefits of cycling: a systematic review
    P Oja
    UKK Institute, Tampere, Finland
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:496-509. 2011
    ....
  3. ncbi Active commuting and cardiovascular risk: a meta-analytic review
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Prev Med 46:9-13. 2008
    ..The present review examines evidence from prospective epidemiological studies of commuting activity and cardiovascular risk...
  4. ncbi Walking, cycling, and obesity rates in Europe, North America, and Australia
    David R Bassett
    University of Tennessee Obesity Research Center, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:795-814. 2008
    This study was designed to examine the relationship between active transportation (defined as the percentage of trips taken by walking, bicycling, and public transit) and obesity rates (BMI > or = 30 kg . m-2) in different countries.
  5. ncbi Influence of exercise, walking, cycling, and overall nonexercise physical activity on mortality in Chinese women
    Charles E Matthews
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine and Public Health, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt University Medical School, Nashville, TN 37203 1738, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:1343-50. 2007
    ..62, 0.99). These findings add new evidence that overall physical activity levels are an important determinant of longevity, and that health benefit can be obtained through an active lifestyle, exercise, or combinations of both...
  6. pmc Correlates of time spent walking and cycling to and from work: baseline results from the commuting and health in Cambridge study
    Jenna Panter
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Sciences, Cambridge, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:124. 2011
    ..We assessed these associations using baseline data from a quasi-experimental cohort study of the effects of major transport infrastructural developments in Cambridge, UK...
  7. ncbi Impaired exercise performance in the heat is associated with an anticipatory reduction in skeletal muscle recruitment
    Ross Tucker
    MRC UCT Bioenergetics of Exercise Research Unit, University of Cape Town, Sports Science Institute of South Africa, PO Box 115, 7725, Newlands, South Africa
    Pflugers Arch 448:422-30. 2004
    ..This adaptation appears to form part of an anticipatory response which adjusts muscle recruitment and power output to reduce heat production, thereby ensuring that thermal homeostasis is maintained during exercise in the heat...
  8. doi Relationship between the physical environment and physical activity in older adults: a systematic review
    Jelle Van Cauwenberg
    Department of Human Biometry and Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Physical Therapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B 1050 Brussel, Belgium
    Health Place 17:458-69. 2011
    ..More studies in different contexts utilizing longitudinal designs, standardized, reliable and validated PA and environmental measurements and investigating possible moderating effects are definitely warranted...
  9. doi Infrastructure, programs, and policies to increase bicycling: an international review
    John Pucher
    Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Prev Med 50:S106-25. 2010
    To assess existing research on the effects of various interventions on levels of bicycling. Interventions include infrastructure (e.g...
  10. pmc Walking and cycling to health: a comparative analysis of city, state, and international data
    John Pucher
    Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1986-92. 2010
    ..We sought to determine the magnitude, direction, and statistical significance of the relationship between active travel and rates of physical activity, obesity, and diabetes...
  11. ncbi Environmental correlates of walking and cycling: findings from the transportation, urban design, and planning literatures
    Brian E Saelens
    University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, USA
    Ann Behav Med 25:80-91. 2003
    ..The transportation, urban design, and planning literatures provide a valuable starting point for multidisciplinary research on environmental contributions to physical activity levels in the population...
  12. doi Publication bias and time-trend bias in meta-analysis of bicycle helmet efficacy: a re-analysis of Attewell, Glase and McFadden, 2001
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, NO 0349 Oslo, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 43:1245-51. 2011
    ..The re-analysis shows smaller safety benefits associated with the use of bicycle helmets than the original study...
  13. ncbi Systematic review of active commuting to school and childrens physical activity and weight
    Murray C Lee
    Habitat Health Impact Consulting Corp, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Phys Act Health 5:930-49. 2008
    ..Recent programs have promoted the positive effects of active commuting on physical activity (PA) and overweight. However, the evidence supporting such interventions among schoolchildren has not been previously evaluated...
  14. pmc An applied ecological framework for evaluating infrastructure to promote walking and cycling: the iConnect study
    David Ogilvie
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
    Am J Public Health 101:473-81. 2011
    ..Our framework guides study design and analysis by specifying the most important data to be collected and relations to be tested to confirm or refute specific hypotheses and thereby refine the underlying theories...
  15. doi Active transport, physical activity, and body weight in adults: a systematic review
    Miriam Wanner
    Physical Activity and Health Unit, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Prev Med 42:493-502. 2012
    ..This review summarizes published evidence on associations of active transport, general physical activity, and body weight in adults...
  16. doi Seasonal and socio-demographic determinants of school commuting
    Line A B Børrestad
    Institute of Public Health, Sport and Nutrition, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway
    Prev Med 52:133-5. 2011
    ..To report prevalence of commuting to school in Norway with regard to season, gender, parental education level, ethnicity and distance to school...
  17. pmc Air quality and exercise-related health benefits from reduced car travel in the midwestern United States
    Maggie L Grabow
    Nelson Institute, Sustainability and the Global Environment, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1710 University Ave, Madison, WI 53726, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:68-76. 2012
    ..Automobile exhaust contains precursors to ozone and fine particulate matter (PM ≤ 2.5 µm in aerodynamic diameter; PM2.5), posing health risks. Dependency on car commuting also reduces physical fitness opportunities...
  18. ncbi Inverse associations between cycling to work, public transport, and overweight and obesity: findings from a population based study in Australia
    Li Ming Wen
    Health Promotion Service, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Level 9, King George V Building, Missenden Road, Camperdown, NSW 2050, Australia
    Prev Med 46:29-32. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between various modes of transport to work and overweight and obesity, in men and women...
  19. pmc Do the health benefits of cycling outweigh the risks?
    Jeroen Johan de Hartog
    University of Utrecht, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Environ Health Perspect 118:1109-16. 2010
    ..Objective: We describe whether the health benefits from the increased physical activity of a modal shift for urban commutes outweigh the health risks...
  20. pmc GIS measured environmental correlates of active school transport: a systematic review of 14 studies
    Bonny Yee Man Wong
    Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:39. 2011
    ..The objectives of this review are: i) to examine and summarize the relationships between objectively measured BE features and AST in children and adolescents and ii) to critically discuss GIS methodologies used in this context...
  21. ncbi Associations between intrapersonal and neighborhood environmental characteristics and cycling for transport and recreation in adults: baseline results from the RESIDE study
    Sylvia Titze
    Dept of Physical Activity and Health, Institute of Sport Science, Graz, Austria
    J Phys Act Health 7:423-31. 2010
    ..This study investigated the relationship between individual and neighborhood environmental factors and cycling for transport and for recreation among adults living in Perth, Western Australia...
  22. doi Improving health through policies that promote active travel: a review of evidence to support integrated health impact assessment
    Audrey de Nazelle
    Center for research in environmental epidemiology CREAL, Barcelona, Spain
    Environ Int 37:766-77. 2011
    ..Little is known, however, about the interconnections among effects of policies considered, including potential unintended consequences...
  23. pmc Can we use digital life-log images to investigate active and sedentary travel behaviour? Results from a pilot study
    Paul Kelly
    British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, University of Oxford, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:44. 2011
    ..The purpose of this pilot study is to investigate the potential efficacy of a new electronic measurement device, a wearable digital camera called SenseCam, in travel research...
  24. doi Active school transportation in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada: an exploration of trends in space and time (1986-2006)
    Ron N Buliung
    Department of Geography, University of Toronto at Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Road N, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
    Prev Med 48:507-12. 2009
    ..This study describes temporal and spatial trends in active transportation for school trips in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada's largest city-region...
  25. pmc The health risks and benefits of cycling in urban environments compared with car use: health impact assessment study
    David Rojas-Rueda
    Center for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, c Doctor Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    BMJ 343:d4521. 2011
    ..To estimate the risks and benefits to health of travel by bicycle, using a bicycle sharing scheme, compared with travel by car in an urban environment...
  26. doi Critical factors for active transportation to school among low-income and minority students. Evidence from the 2001 National Household Travel Survey
    Noreen C McDonald
    Department of City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 3140, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:341-4. 2008
    ..g., Safe Routes to School and the CDC's KidsWalk programs). However, little research has looked at differences in behavior across racial/ethnic and income groups...
  27. doi The effects of provincial bicycle helmet legislation on helmet use and bicycle ridership in Canada
    Jessica Dennis
    Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Inj Prev 16:219-24. 2010
    ..The objectives of this study were to determine the association between the comprehensiveness of helmet legislation and both helmet use and bicycle ridership...
  28. pmc Motivations for active commuting: a qualitative investigation of the period of home or work relocation
    Caroline H D Jones
    MRC Epidemiology Unit and UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Box 296, Institute of Public Health, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, CB2 OSR, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:109. 2012
    ..This qualitative study aimed to explore experiences and motivations regarding travel behavior around the period of relocation, in an effort to understand how active commuting might be promoted more effectively...
  29. ncbi Injury rates from walking, gardening, weightlifting, outdoor bicycling, and aerobics
    K E Powell
    National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:1246-9. 1998
    ..objective of this survey was to estimate the frequency of injuries associated with five commonly performed moderately intense activities: walking for exercise, gardening and yard work, weightlifting, aerobic dance, and outdoor bicycling.
  30. ncbi Personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school
    Anna Timperio
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, and The Children s Hospital at Westmead, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 30:45-51. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school among children...
  31. doi Novel precooling strategy enhances time trial cycling in the heat
    Megan L R Ross
    Australian Institute of Sport, Belconnen, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:123-33. 2011
    ..To develop and investigate the efficacy of a new precooling strategy combining external and internal techniques on the performance of a cycling time trial (TT) in a hot and humid environment...
  32. pmc Risk of injury for bicycling on cycle tracks versus in the street
    ANNE C LUSK
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Inj Prev 17:131-5. 2011
    Most individuals prefer bicycling separated from motor traffic...
  33. doi Neighborhood disadvantage and physical activity: baseline results from the HABITAT multilevel longitudinal study
    Gavin Turrell
    School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, QLD 4059, Australia
    Ann Epidemiol 20:171-81. 2010
    ..To examine the association between neighborhood disadvantage and physical activity (PA)...
  34. doi Diet, body composition, and bone mass in well-trained cyclists
    Vivian Santos da Rocha Penteado
    Rheumatology Division, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo Escola Paulista de Medicina, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Clin Densitom 13:43-50. 2010
    ..Our results demonstrate that cycling was associated with greater aerobic conditioning and lean mass without significant association with bone mass compared with sedentary controls...
  35. ncbi Whole-body pre-cooling and heat storage during self-paced cycling performance in warm humid conditions
    D Kay
    Human Movement Studies Unit, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, Australia
    J Sports Sci 17:937-44. 1999
    ..05) after pre-cooling. The results indicate that skin pre-cooling in the absence of a reduced rectal temperature is effective in reducing thermal strain and increasing the distance cycled in 30 min under warm humid conditions...
  36. doi Association of built-environment, social-environment and personal factors with bicycling as a mode of transportation among Austrian city dwellers
    Sylvia Titze
    Institute of Sports Science, University of Graz, Austria
    Prev Med 47:252-9. 2008
    To determine the association of built-environment, social-environment, and personal-level factors with bicycling for transportation, among adult city dwellers.
  37. doi Socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates of commuting activity in Poland
    M Kwaśniewska
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Łódź, Ul Zeligowskiego 7 9, Łódź, Poland
    Prev Med 50:257-61. 2010
    ..The aim of this study is to analyse the epidemiology of active transportation and to investigate the relationship between commuting physical activity (PA) and socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics in Poland...
  38. ncbi Motor vehicle crash injury rates by mode of travel, United States: using exposure-based methods to quantify differences
    Laurie F Beck
    National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:212-8. 2007
    ..Males, adolescents, and the elderly were also at increased risk. Effective interventions are available and should be implemented to protect these vulnerable road users...
  39. ncbi Bicycle helmet efficacy: a meta-analysis
    R G Attewell
    Covance Pty Ltd, Ainslie, ACT, Australia
    Accid Anal Prev 33:345-52. 2001
    ..Despite this, the use of helmets is sub-optimal. Helmet use for all riders should be further encouraged to the extent that it is uniformly accepted and analogous to the use of seat belts by motor vehicle occupants...
  40. doi Reductions in RIP140 are not required for exercise- and AICAR-mediated increases in skeletal muscle mitochondrial content
    Bruce C Frier
    Alberta Diabetes Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 111:688-95. 2011
    ....
  41. ncbi Acute effects of 2 hours of moderate-intensity cycling on serum parathyroid hormone and calcium
    Daniel W Barry
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, Campus Stop B 179, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Calcif Tissue Int 80:359-65. 2007
    ..The study demonstrated that prolonged exercise stimulates PTH secretion. The effects of such transient increases in PTH on bone metabolism are not known...
  42. pmc Is active travel associated with greater physical activity? The contribution of commuting and non-commuting active travel to total physical activity in adults
    Shannon Sahlqvist
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit and UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Prev Med 55:206-11. 2012
    ..To complement findings that active travel reduces the risk of morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases, an understanding of the mechanisms through which active travel may lead to improved health is required...
  43. ncbi Commuting by public transit and physical activity: where you live, where you work, and how you get there
    Ugo Lachapelle
    School of Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Phys Act Health 8:S72-82. 2011
    ..Most public transit users walk to and from transit. We analyzed the relationship between transit commuting and objectively measured physical activity...
  44. ncbi Effects of a carbohydrate-protein beverage on cycling endurance and muscle damage
    Michael J Saunders
    School of Kinesiology and Recreation Studies, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA 22807, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1233-8. 2004
    ..3% and 1.8% concentrations) versus a carbohydrate-only (CHO; 7.3%) beverage...
  45. ncbi Habitual active transport moderates the association of TV viewing time with body mass index
    Takemi Sugiyama
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    J Phys Act Health 7:11-6. 2010
    ..However, it is unknown whether the relationship of TV viewing time with body mass index (BMI) is moderated by other domains of physical activity...
  46. doi Walking and cycling to school: predictors of increases among children and adolescents
    Clare Hume
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 36:195-200. 2009
    ..This study examined predictors of increases in children's and adolescents' active commuting (walking or cycling) to/from school over a 2-year period...
  47. ncbi Attitudes and the environment as determinants of active travel in adults: what do and don't we know?
    Jenna Rachel Panter
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
    J Phys Act Health 7:551-61. 2010
    ..This paper describes current knowledge of the psychological and environmental determinants of active travel in adults, and considers ways in which the 2 domains can be better integrated...
  48. ncbi Is active commuting the answer to population health?
    Roy J Shephard
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Sports Med 38:751-8. 2008
    ..It is also necessary to find better methods of involving the sedentary population, through both counselling and changes in urban design...
  49. doi Adult active transportation: adding habit strength to the theory of planned behavior
    Gert Jan de Bruijn
    Department of Communication Science, Amsterdam School of Communications Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Prev Med 36:189-94. 2009
    ....
  50. ncbi Ergogenic effects of low doses of caffeine on cycling performance
    Nathan T Jenkins
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 18:328-42. 2008
    ..The authors conclude that caffeine preparations of 2 and 3 mg/kg enhanced performance, but future work should aim to explain the considerable interindividual variability of the drug's ergogenic properties...
  51. ncbi Perceived and objective environmental measures and physical activity among urban adults
    Christine M Hoehner
    Prevention Research Center, Saint Louis University School of Public Health, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
    Am J Prev Med 28:105-16. 2005
    Enhancing community environments to support walking and bicycling serves as a promising approach to increase population levels of physical activity...
  52. pmc Neighborhood, route, and school environments and children's active commuting
    Jenna R Panter
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
    Am J Prev Med 38:268-78. 2010
    ..These behaviors may be influenced by characteristics of the environment around homes and schools, yet few studies have quantified the potential associations between these two sets of factors...
  53. pmc Bone related health status in adolescent cyclists
    Hugo Olmedillas
    Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development Research Group, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
    PLoS ONE 6:e24841. 2011
    ..To describe bone status and analyse bone mass in adolescent cyclists...
  54. doi Active commuting influences among adults
    Melissa Bopp
    Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Prev Med 54:237-41. 2012
    ..Active commuting (AC) is a behavior with many documented health benefits; however, influences on AC are not well understood. This paper examined a range of influences on self-reported AC behavior...
  55. ncbi Testosterone is significantly reduced in endurance athletes without impact on bone mineral density
    L Maimoun
    Centre Propara, Montpellier, France
    Horm Res 59:285-92. 2003
    ..To compare the basal plasma reproductive hormonal profile in three groups of athletes involved in different training programs, and to define the relationship between androgen level and bone mineral density (BMD) in male athletes...
  56. doi Influence of the social environment on children's school travel
    Noreen C McDonald
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 317 New East Bldg, CB 3140, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3140, USA
    Prev Med 50:S65-8. 2010
    ..To analyze the association between parental perceptions of the social environment and walking and biking to school among 10-14-year-olds...
  57. ncbi Physical fitness and performance. Fatigue responses during repeated sprints matched for initial mechanical output
    Alberto Mendez-Villanueva
    School of Human Movement and Exercise Science, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:2219-25. 2007
    ..To compare muscle fatigability during two sets of repeated cycling sprints matched for initial mechanical output in a nonfatigued and fatigued state...
  58. doi Moving urban trips from cars to bicycles: impact on health and emissions
    Graeme Lindsay
    School of Population Health, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Aust N Z J Public Health 35:54-60. 2011
    ..To estimate the effects on health, air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions if short trips (≤7 km) were undertaken by bicycle rather than motor car...
  59. pmc Bicycle use for transport in an Australian and a Belgian city: associations with built-environment attributes
    Neville Owen
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Herston Road, Herston, QLD 4006, Australia
    J Urban Health 87:189-98. 2010
    ..Built-environment innovations that are increasingly being advocated by health authorities and transport planners, primarily to promote higher rates of walking for transport, should also impact positively on bicycle use...
  60. doi A 45-minute vigorous exercise bout increases metabolic rate for 14 hours
    Amy M Knab
    Human Performance Laboratory, Appalachian State University, North Carolina Research Campus, Kannapolis, NC 28081, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:1643-8. 2011
    ..This study investigated the effects of inserting a 45-min vigorous cycling bout into the daily schedule versus a controlled resting day on 24-h energy expenditure in a metabolic chamber...
  61. doi Alcohol, bicycling, and head and brain injury: a study of impaired cyclists' riding patterns R1
    Patrick Crocker
    Dell Children s Medical Center of Central Texas, Austin, TX 78723, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 28:68-72. 2010
    ....
  62. ncbi Influence of socioeconomic status on the effectiveness of bicycle helmet legislation for children: a prospective observational study
    Patricia C Parkin
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine, Ontario, Canada
    Pediatrics 112:e192-6. 2003
    ..To evaluate the influence of average family income in a geographic area on the effectiveness of helmet legislation on observed helmet use by children (5-14 years)...
  63. ncbi Effects of physical activities that induce moderate external loading on bone metabolism in male athletes
    L Maimoun
    Groupe de Recherche Interdisciplinaire sur le Metabolisme Osseux GRISMO, Montpellier, France
    J Sports Sci 22:875-83. 2004
    ..Despite some encouraging observations, it was not possible to show that changes in the bone remodelling process were sport-discipline dependent...
  64. pmc Neighborhood road environments and physical activity among youth: the CLAN study
    Alison Carver
    Deakin University, Burwood, Vic, Australia
    J Urban Health 85:532-44. 2008
    ..Speed humps were positively associated with adolescent boys' MVPA during evenings. The road environment influences physical activity among youth in different ways, according to age group, sex and type of physical activity...
  65. ncbi The vicious cycling: bicycling related urogenital disorders
    Ilan Leibovitch
    Department of Urology, Meir Medical Center, Affiliated to Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, 59 Tchernichovski St, Kfar Saba, Israel
    Eur Urol 47:277-86; discussion 286-7. 2005
    ..Bicycles are also a common source of significant injuries. This review focuses upon the specific bicycling related overuse injuries affecting the genitourinary tract.
  66. doi Traumatic bicycle handlebar hernia
    Steven C J Goh
    Dorset County Hospital, Williams Avenue, Dorchester, Dorset, UK
    Eur J Emerg Med 15:179-80. 2008
    ..Surgical exploration with primary repair of the defect is the definitive treatment in cases of traumatic hernia...
  67. ncbi Handlebar hernia: traumatic abdominal wall hernia with multiple enterotomies. A case report and review of the literature
    Ludmila Haimovici
    Department of Surgery, Nassau University Medical Center, East Meadow, NY 11554, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 42:567-9. 2007
    ..Since then, 12 other cases have been reported. To the best of our knowledge, the case described here is the first documented case of an incarcerated handlebar hernia associated with a small bowel perforation and mesenteric disruption...
  68. ncbi Factors associated with children being driven to school: implications for walk to school programs
    Li Ming Wen
    Health Promotion Unit, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Level 9, King George V Building, Missenden Road, Camperdown, New South Wales 2050, Australia
    Health Educ Res 23:325-34. 2008
    ..To be effective, walk to school programs need to address the link between parent journey to work and student journey to school...
  69. ncbi National prevalence and correlates of walking and bicycling to school
    Sarah L Martin
    Program Evaluation Across the Nation Using Technology, Farmington, Maine, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:98-105. 2007
    ..Active travel to school provides youth with an opportunity to accumulate minutes of physical activity toward meeting recommended levels...
  70. pmc Cyclists injured while sharing the road with motor vehicles
    Tadesse Haileyesus
    Office of Statistics and Programming, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30340, USA
    Inj Prev 13:202-6. 2007
    ..To provide national estimates of non-fatal cyclist injuries treated in US hospital emergency departments (EDs) resulting from an encounter with a motor vehicle (MV) on the road...
  71. ncbi Does bicycling contribute to the risk of erectile dysfunction? Results from the Massachusetts Male Aging Study (MMAS)
    L Marceau
    New England Research Institutes, Watertown, MA 02472, USA
    Int J Impot Res 13:298-302. 2001
    An association between bicycling and erectile dysfunction (ED) has been described previously, but there are limited data examining this association in a random population of men...
  72. doi Route preferences among adults in the near market for bicycling: findings of the cycling in cities study
    Meghan Winters
    Department of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Am J Health Promot 25:40-7. 2010
    To provide evidence about the types of transportation infrastructure that support bicycling.
  73. doi Social-ecological correlates of active commuting to school among high school students
    Jennifer E Robertson-Wilson
    Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Adolesc Health 42:486-95. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study is to explore the relationships between demographic, behavioral, social/psychological, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school among a sample of high school students...
  74. doi Reliability and validity of destination-specific barriers to walking and cycling for youth
    Holly Forman
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Prev Med 46:311-6. 2008
    ..To investigate the psychometric properties of a new measure of barriers youth encounter while walking to specific destinations and to validate the measure with self-reported walking to these destinations...
  75. ncbi Associations among individual, social, and environmental barriers and children's walking or cycling to school
    Jo Salmon
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood VIC 3125, Australia
    Am J Health Promot 22:107-13. 2007
    ..To examine associations among individual, social, and environmental barriers and children's walking or cycling to school...
  76. ncbi Toronto bicycle commuter safety rates
    L Aultman-Hall
    Department of Civil Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40506 0281, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 31:675-86. 1999
    ..The analysis also demonstrates a successful method to quantify bicycle travel exposure information and should be considered for further use as complement to other existing techniques...
  77. ncbi Improved muscular efficiency displayed as Tour de France champion matures
    Edward F Coyle
    Human Performance Laboratory, Dept of Kinesiology and Health Education, Bellmont Hall 222, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 98:2191-6. 2005
    ..g., 5 l/min). It is hypothesized that the improved muscular efficiency probably reflects changes in muscle myosin type stimulated from years of training intensely for 3-6 h on most days...
  78. doi Longitudinal associations of cycling to school with adolescent fitness
    Ashley R Cooper
    Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, UK
    Prev Med 47:324-8. 2008
    ..To investigate whether change in transport to school from non-cycling to cycling was associated with change in cardio-respiratory fitness (CRF) over a six-year follow-up...
  79. ncbi Use of alcohol as a risk factor for bicycling injury
    G Li
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1830 E Monument St, Suite 6 100, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 285:893-6. 2001
    b>Bicycling is one of the leading causes of recreational injuries. Elevated blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) are found in about one third of fatally injured bicyclists aged 15 years or older.
  80. ncbi Bicycle-related injuries among the elderly--a new epidemic?
    R Ekman
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden
    Public Health 115:38-43. 2001
    b>Bicycling in Sweden has almost doubled between 1980 and 1992/3 among persons aged 25-64 y. The upward trend is continuing...
  81. pmc Built environmental correlates of walking and cycling in Dutch urban children: results from the SPACE study
    Sanne I de Vries
    Department of Health Promotion, TNO Quality of Life, Wassenaarseweg 56, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 7:2309-24. 2010
    ....
  82. pmc Pediatric hospitalizations for bicycle-related injuries
    Summit Shah
    The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA
    Inj Prev 13:316-21. 2007
    ..To determine the incidence of bicycle-related injury hospitalizations among children and adolescents 20 years of age and younger and to examine the associated use of healthcare resources...
  83. ncbi Respiratory muscle training increases cycling endurance without affecting cardiovascular responses to exercise
    G Markov
    Institute for Human Movement Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Institute of Physiology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr. 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur J Appl Physiol 85:233-9. 2001
    ..It is concluded that the increased cycling endurance that is observed after RMT is not due to cardiovascular adaptations, and that the results provide evidence for the role of the respiratory system as an exercise-limiting factor...
  84. doi Trends in pediatric and adult bicycling deaths before and after passage of a bicycle helmet law
    David E Wesson
    Division of Pediatric Medicine and the Pediatric Outcomes Research Team, Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Pediatrics 122:605-10. 2008
    ....
  85. doi Rigorous bicycling does not increase serum levels of total and free prostate-specific antigen (PSA), the free/total PSA ratio, gonadotropin levels, or uroflowmetric parameters
    Tolga Saka
    Department of Sports Medicine, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
    Urology 74:1325-30. 2009
    ..To determine whether cycling has an effect on serum PSA, gonadotropins, and uroflowmetric parameters...
  86. ncbi Effect of pedaling exercise on the hemiplegic lower limb
    Toshiyuki Fujiwara
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 82:357-63. 2003
    ..To assess the effects of pedaling exercise on the muscle activities in hemiparetic lower limbs in patients with stroke...
  87. doi Epidemiology of bicycle injuries in 13 health divisions, Islamic Republic of Iran 2003
    Mohammad Karkhaneh
    Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Accid Anal Prev 40:192-9. 2008
    ..9; 95% CI 1.2-3.2) compared with other mechanisms of injury. As a conclusion, bicyclists in Iran, particularly males and young children, are vulnerable to severe injury and death when struck by moving vehicles on highways...
  88. pmc Injuries to pedal cyclists on New Zealand roads, 1988-2007
    Sandar Tin Tin
    Section of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    BMC Public Health 10:655. 2010
    ..We investigated exposure-based rates and profiles of traffic injuries sustained by pedal cyclists that resulted in death or hospital inpatient treatment in New Zealand, one of the most car dependent countries...
  89. ncbi Bicycle injury prevention and safety in senior riders
    Janice S Hayes
    Christine E Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, USA
    J Trauma Nurs 10:66-8. 2003
    ....
  90. ncbi Population-based analysis of severe injuries from nonmotorized wheeled vehicles
    David E Konkin
    Trauma Program, Vancouver Coastal Health Authority, 855 W 12th Ave, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5Z 1M9
    Am J Surg 191:615-8. 2006
    b>Bicycling, skateboarding, and inline skating are popular recreational activities, with the potential of causing severe injury.
  91. doi Bicycle-related injuries among children and adolescents in the United States
    Tracy J Mehan
    Center for Injury Research and Policy, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children s Hospital, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 43205, USA
    Clin Pediatr (Phila) 48:166-73. 2009
    ..77) times more likely to have their injuries result in death. The large number of annual bicycle related-injuries is evidence that prevention of these injuries should remain an important area of bicycle safety research and practice...
  92. ncbi Bicycling injuries and mortality in Victoria, 2001-2006
    Mirjana Sikic
    Emergency Department, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Med J Aust 190:353-6. 2009
    To investigate the incidence of bicycling injuries and bicycle injury characteristics in the Victorian population.
  93. doi Cyclists' attitudes toward policies encouraging bicycle travel: findings from the Taupo Bicycle Study in New Zealand
    Sandar Tin Tin
    Section of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    Health Promot Int 25:54-62. 2010
    ..There were important differences in these perceived influences defined by the participants' socio-demographic characteristics and current cycling habits...
  94. doi Conservative management of a traumatic abdominal wall hernia after a bicycle handlebar injury (case report and literature review)
    Karen Litton
    Department of Surgery, Prince Charles Hospital Merthyr Tydfil CF479DT, Cardiff, Wales, UK
    J Pediatr Surg 43:e31-2. 2008
    ..We present a case of handelbar hernia, discuss its investigation and treatment and suggest that immediate surgical repair may not always be required...
  95. ncbi Action on cycling in primary care trusts: results of a survey of Directors of Public Health
    Nick Cavill
    Cycling England, c o 185A Moss Lane, Bramhall, Stockport, Cheshire, Sk7 IBA UK
    Public Health 121:100-5. 2007
    ..A survey of Directors of Public Health in PCTs was conducted to establish the level and type of PCT involvement in policies, strategies, programmes and projects on cycling...
  96. ncbi The effect of long-distance bicycling on ulnar and median nerves: an electrophysiologic evaluation of cyclist palsy
    Venu Akuthota
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Anschutz Outpatient Pavilion, Box 6510, Mail Stop F712, Aurora, CO 80045 0510, USA
    Am J Sports Med 33:1224-30. 2005
    ..Previous studies utilizing nerve conduction studies have typically been either case reports or small case series...
  97. ncbi Assessing the impact of pulmonary rehabilitation on functional status in COPD
    L Laviolette
    Centre de Recherche, Hopital Laval, Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de l Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada
    Thorax 63:115-21. 2008
    ....
  98. doi Particulate matter exposure along designated bicycle routes in Vancouver, British Columbia
    Amy Thai
    Department of Geography, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Sci Total Environ 405:26-35. 2008
    ..Observations show qualitative agreement in terms of spatial patterns with a land-use regression (LUR) model for annual PM(2.5) concentrations...
  99. pmc The influence of the physical environment and sociodemographic characteristics on children's mode of travel to and from school
    Kristian Larsen
    Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Public Health 99:520-6. 2009
    ..We examined whether certain characteristics of the social and physical environment influence a child's mode of travel between home and school...
  100. pmc Cycling safety: injury prevention in Oxford cyclists
    L McGuire
    John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Inj Prev 6:285-7. 2000
    ..To assess injury prevention measures used by cyclists in Oxford and to detect any differences between wearers and non-wearers of cycling helmets...
  101. ncbi Limb-loaded cycling program for locomotor intervention following stroke
    David A Brown
    Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 645 N Michigan Ave, Suite 1100, Chicago, IL 60601, USA
    Phys Ther 85:159-68. 2005
    ..This case report describes implementation of a limb-loaded cycling (LLC) training program as a feasible exercise for people in early phases of locomotor training following stroke...

Research Grants84

  1. Understanding the contex for physical activity in urban African Americans
    Anjali Deshpande; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the least active groups in the United States but do report high rates of transport activity (defined as walking/bicycling from place to place)...
  2. Safe 'n Fun: An Injury Prevention Kit
    ROBIN INLANDER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    DESCRIPTION (provided by investigator): In the fourth grade children are just entering bicycling's "danger age" of 10 to 14 years old...
  3. Get Active Orlando: Walking, Bicycling, Gardening
    Karen E Dennis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Research project is to implement, evaluate, and disseminate the immediate and 2-year effects of walking, bicycling, and community gardening approaches to enhancing physically active lifestyles among urban-dwelling older adults ..
  4. LAND USE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
    ROBERT BOER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Because walking and bicycling can significantly promote health, we propose to carefully investigate the relationship between land use and ..
  5. DIETARY INTERVENTION METHODS FOR CLINICAL TRIALS
    Robert Jeffery; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..intervention will strongly encourage subjects to develop an exercise program based primarily on walking and bicycling. The enhanced exercise intervention will involve social support teams, individualized exercise prescriptions, ..
  6. Spousal communication and cancer prevention behavior
    KELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The long-term goal of this research is to develop better interventions which help prevent cancer, and other chronic health conditions, by involving spouses in preventive behavior change programs. ..
  7. Understanding Change in Physical Activity Postpartum
    KELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This proposal directly addresses the need to better understand multi-level factors involved in physical activity behavior change, RFA #CA-04-009 "Mechanisms of Physical Activity Behavior Change". ..
  8. Understanding Change in Physical Activity Postpartum
    KELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This proposal directly addresses the need to better understand multi-level factors involved in physical activity behavior change, RFA #CA-04-009 "Mechanisms of Physical Activity Behavior Change". ..
  9. Destinations on Greenways Related to Physical Activity
    ANNE LUSK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Aim III: Dr. Lusk will teach a course titled "Physical Activity, Environments and Health". ..
  10. Destinations on Greenways Related to Physical Activity
    ANNE LUSK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Aim III: Dr. Lusk would teach a course titled "Physical Activity Environments and Health." . ..
  11. Physical Activity and Quality of Life in Multiple Sclerosis
    Robert Motl; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Before encouraging participation in physical activity, additional research is required that supports the link between physical activity and QOL and identifies factors that account for this relationship. ..
  12. Physiological Signals to MCT Expression
    George Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Aim 3 studies will involve comparisons of the levels of muscle MCT pre-mRNAs, mRNAs and protein levels. We have the tools to achieve the stated aims. ..
  13. Exercise Substrate Utilization:The Crossover Concept
    George Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Further, we have the auxiliary personnel and facilities to conduct longitudinal training studies ..
  14. EXERCISE SUBSTRATE UTILIZATION--THE CROSSOVER CONCEPT
    George Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Indirect calorimetry, primed-continuous dual stable isotope infusion, isotope and isotopomer analyses, and glucoregulatory hormonal analyses will be used to address the specific aims. ..
  15. Disability from Pediatric Trauma Brain Injury
    Frederick Rivara; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The study team represents an interdisciplinary group of very experienced investigators to carry out a rigorous study to provide information to inform future research, care and policy...
  16. How Do Immature Perceptual-Motor Skills Put Child Cyclists at Risk for Injury?
    Jodie M Plumert; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Using an immersive, interactive bicycling simulator, we will examine how two important aspects of perceptual-motor development influence road-crossing ..
  17. PILOT AGING AND AVIATION SAFETY
    Guohua Li; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results of this project can provide valuable empirical data for understanding the relationship between pilot aging and safety performance and for reassessing the "age-60 rule." ..
  18. VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANS
    CHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. EXERCISED INDUCED MUSCLE SORENESS AND MUSCLE SYMPATHETIC NERVE ACTIVITY: PROSTAGL
    CHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..This study will investigate the effects of the drug, ketoprofen (after exercise-induced muscle soreness) on exercise increases in muscle sympathetic nerve activity and blood flow. ..
  20. PROSTAGLANDIN AND EXERCISE INDUCED INCREASES IN MUSCLE
    CHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..We hypothesize that ketoprofen, a prostaglandin inhibitor, will attentuate MSNA response to exercise. ..
  21. EFFECT OF MELATONIN ON THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
    CHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Response to therapy will be assessed by a reduction in the hepatitis C viral RNA level and hepatic alanine aminotransferase levels. ..
  22. VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANS
    CHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  23. How Do Immature Perceptual-Motor Skills Put Child Cyclists at Risk for Injury?
    JODIE PLUMERT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Using an immersive, interactive bicycling simulator, we will examine how two important aspects of perceptual-motor development influence road-crossing ..
  24. VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANS
    CHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. A Novel Load Sensing Tibial Prosthesis Design
    DARRYL D LIMA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Additional uses are intraoperative measurement of forces to determine soft tissue balancing, evaluation of the effects of rehabilitation, external bracing, and athletic activities, and activities of daily living. ..
  26. VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN TRAINED ATHLETES
    CHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..This project will attempt to determine if the vestibular system contributes to increase orthostatic intolerance in highly-trained individuals. ..
  27. Localization of saturated diacylglycerol and insulin sensitivity in humans
    Bryan C Bergman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These studies may allow a better understanding of factors which promote and prevent insulin resistance in humans so that better therapeutic targets can be developed. ..
  28. Motor Performance and Cortical Changes in Chronic Stroke
    Barbara Quaney; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Understanding cortical adaptations underlying force modulation and improvements in skilled motor tasks after stroke will provide a foundation for scientifically-based rehabilitation interventions. ..
  29. VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANS
    CHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The design of these studies will increase our understanding of how the vestibular system contributes to orthostatic blood pressure regulation in humans. ..
  30. WVU Injury Control Research Center
    James Helmkamp; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  31. WVU Injury Control Research Center
    James Helmkamp; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We also propose two seed projects: Development of the Mid-Atlantic Injury Control Network and Development of a Medical Explorer Post. ..
  32. Tracking Fatigue-Related Changes in Motor Coordination
    JONATHAN DINGWELL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We hope these efforts will one day help reduce the tremendous monetary and personal costs associated with these injuries ..
  33. Tracking Fatigue-Related Changes in Motor Coordination
    JONATHAN DINGWELL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It is hoped that these efforts will one day help reduce the tremendous personal and monetary costs associated with these injuries. ..