exercise

Summary

Summary: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity
    Cora L Craig
    Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1381-95. 2003
  2. ncbi Compendium of physical activities: an update of activity codes and MET intensities
    B E Ainsworth
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:S498-504. 2000
  3. pmc Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin
    William C Knowler
    Diabetes Prevention Program Coordinating Center, Biostatistics Center, George Washington University, 6110 Executive Blvd, Suite 750, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:393-403. 2002
  4. ncbi Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association
    William L Haskell
    Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5705, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1423-34. 2007
  5. pmc Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence
    Darren E R Warburton
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, and the Healthy Heart Program, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 174:801-9. 2006
  6. ncbi Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle among subjects with impaired glucose tolerance
    J Tuomilehto
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    N Engl J Med 344:1343-50. 2001
  7. ncbi Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association
    William L Haskell
    Stanford University, USA
    Circulation 116:1081-93. 2007
  8. doi Physical activity advice only or structured exercise training and association with HbA1c levels in type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Daniel Umpierre
    Exercise Pathophysiology Research Laboratory, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    JAMA 305:1790-9. 2011
  9. pmc Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy
    I Min Lee
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Lancet 380:219-29. 2012
  10. ncbi Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health
    T Lobstein
    IASO International Obesity TaskForce, 231 North Gower Street, London NW1 2NS, UK
    Obes Rev 5:4-104. 2004

Detail Information

Publications301 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity
    Cora L Craig
    Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1381-95. 2003
    ..The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was developed as an instrument for cross-national monitoring of physical activity and inactivity...
  2. ncbi Compendium of physical activities: an update of activity codes and MET intensities
    B E Ainsworth
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:S498-504. 2000
    ..The updated version includes two new major headings of volunteer and religious activities, extends the number of specific activities from 477 to 605, and provides updated MET intensity levels for selected activities...
  3. pmc Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin
    William C Knowler
    Diabetes Prevention Program Coordinating Center, Biostatistics Center, George Washington University, 6110 Executive Blvd, Suite 750, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:393-403. 2002
    ..We hypothesized that modifying these factors with a lifestyle-intervention program or the administration of metformin would prevent or delay the development of diabetes...
  4. ncbi Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association
    William L Haskell
    Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5705, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1423-34. 2007
    ..The Committee on Exercise and Cardiac Rehabilitation of the American Heart Association endorsed and supported these recommendations...
  5. pmc Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence
    Darren E R Warburton
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, and the Healthy Heart Program, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 174:801-9. 2006
    ..There appears to be a linear relation between physical activity and health status, such that a further increase in physical activity and fitness will lead to additional improvements in health status...
  6. ncbi Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle among subjects with impaired glucose tolerance
    J Tuomilehto
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    N Engl J Med 344:1343-50. 2001
    ..Whether type 2 diabetes can be prevented by interventions that affect the lifestyles of subjects at high risk for the disease is not known...
  7. ncbi Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association
    William L Haskell
    Stanford University, USA
    Circulation 116:1081-93. 2007
    ..The Committee on Exercise and Cardiac Rehabilitation of the American Heart Association endorsed and supported these recommendations...
  8. doi Physical activity advice only or structured exercise training and association with HbA1c levels in type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Daniel Umpierre
    Exercise Pathophysiology Research Laboratory, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    JAMA 305:1790-9. 2011
    Regular exercise improves glucose control in diabetes, but the association of different exercise training interventions on glucose control is unclear.
  9. pmc Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy
    I Min Lee
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Lancet 380:219-29. 2012
    ....
  10. ncbi Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health
    T Lobstein
    IASO International Obesity TaskForce, 231 North Gower Street, London NW1 2NS, UK
    Obes Rev 5:4-104. 2004
  11. pmc Exercise training increases size of hippocampus and improves memory
    Kirk I Erickson
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:3017-22. 2011
    ..adults, and physical activity training increases hippocampal perfusion, but the extent to which aerobic exercise training can modify hippocampal volume in late adulthood remains unknown...
  12. ncbi Role of low energy expenditure and sitting in obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease
    Marc T Hamilton
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Diabetes 56:2655-67. 2007
    ..have reached the historical pinnacle of physical inactivity, even in cohorts where people already do not perform exercise. Our purpose here is to examine the role of sedentary behaviors, especially sitting, on mortality, cardiovascular ..
  13. ncbi The anti-inflammatory effect of exercise
    Anne Marie W Petersen
    Dept of Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, Section 7641, Blegdamsvej 9, DK 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol 98:1154-62. 2005
    Regular exercise offers protection against all-cause mortality, primarily by protection against cardiovascular disease and Type 2 diabetes mellitus...
  14. pmc Neighborhood-based differences in physical activity: an environment scale evaluation
    Brian E Saelens
    Division of Psychology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center and the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, MLC 3015, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1552-8. 2003
    ..This study evaluated a neighborhood environment survey and compared the physical activity and weight status of the residents in 2 neighborhoods...
  15. ncbi Reproducibility and relative validity of the short questionnaire to assess health-enhancing physical activity
    G C Wanda Wendel-Vos
    Department for Chronic Diseases Epidemiology, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, P O Box 1, 3720 BA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    J Clin Epidemiol 56:1163-9. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study is to determine reproducibility and relative validity of the Short QUestionnaire to ASsess Health-enhancing physical activity (SQUASH)...
  16. pmc Exercise-induced oxidative stress: cellular mechanisms and impact on muscle force production
    Scott K Powers
    Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
    Physiol Rev 88:1243-76. 2008
    The first suggestion that physical exercise results in free radical-mediated damage to tissues appeared in 1978, and the past three decades have resulted in a large growth of knowledge regarding exercise and oxidative stress...
  17. ncbi Muscle as an endocrine organ: focus on muscle-derived interleukin-6
    Bente K Pedersen
    The Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism at Department of Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, The Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Physiol Rev 88:1379-406. 2008
    ..as a myokine because of the observation that it increases up to 100-fold in the circulation during physical exercise. Identification of IL-6 production by skeletal muscle during physical activity generated renewed interest in the ..
  18. ncbi Television watching and other sedentary behaviors in relation to risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus in women
    Frank B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 289:1785-91. 2003
    Current public health campaigns to reduce obesity and type 2 diabetes have largely focused on increasing exercise, but have paid little attention to the reduction of sedentary behaviors.
  19. ncbi Television viewing time and mortality: the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab)
    D W Dunstan
    Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, 250 Kooyong Rd, Caulfield, Victoria, Australia 3162
    Circulation 121:384-91. 2010
    ..We examined the associations of prolonged television viewing time with all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, and non-CVD/noncancer mortality in Australian adults...
  20. ncbi A brief review on correlates of physical activity and sedentariness in youth
    Klazine van der Horst
    EMGO Institute, Department of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1241-50. 2007
    ..The main goal of this systematic review is to summarize and update the existing literature on correlates of young people's physical activity, insufficient physical activity, and sedentary behavior...
  21. ncbi Physical activity and public health in older adults: recommendation from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association
    Miriam E Nelson
    John Hancock Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1435-45. 2007
    ..To issue a recommendation on the types and amounts of physical activity needed to improve and maintain health in older adults...
  22. doi Acute exercise remodels promoter methylation in human skeletal muscle
    Romain Barres
    Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Cell Metab 15:405-11. 2012
    DNA methylation is a covalent biochemical modification controlling chromatin structure and gene expression. Exercise elicits gene expression changes that trigger structural and metabolic adaptations in skeletal muscle...
  23. ncbi Position statement. Part one: Immune function and exercise
    Neil P Walsh
    School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences, Bangor University, UK
    Exerc Immunol Rev 17:6-63. 2011
    ..volume of peer-reviewed publications speaks to the recent and rapid growth in both scope and understanding of exercise immunology...
  24. ncbi Effect of physical activity on cognitive function in older adults at risk for Alzheimer disease: a randomized trial
    Nicola T Lautenschlager
    WA Centre for Health and Ageing, University of Western Australia, Melbourne, Australia
    JAMA 300:1027-37. 2008
    ..Many observational studies have shown that physical activity reduces the risk of cognitive decline; however, evidence from randomized trials is lacking...
  25. ncbi An ecological approach to creating active living communities
    James F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 27:297-322. 2006
    ..Collaborations with policy researchers may improve the likelihood of translating research findings into changes in environments, policies, and practices...
  26. pmc Antioxidants prevent health-promoting effects of physical exercise in humans
    Michael Ristow
    Department of Human Nutrition, Institute of Nutrition, University of Jena, Jena D 07743, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:8665-70. 2009
    b>Exercise promotes longevity and ameliorates type 2 diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance. However, exercise also increases mitochondrial formation of presumably harmful reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
  27. pmc The role of exercise and PGC1alpha in inflammation and chronic disease
    Christoph Handschin
    Institute of Physiology and Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology ZIHP, University of Zurich, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 454:463-9. 2008
    ..The transcriptional coactivator PGC1alpha has recently been shown to regulate several exercise-associated aspects of muscle function...
  28. ncbi Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study
    Salim Yusuf
    Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton General Hospital, 237 Barton Street East, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8L 2X2
    Lancet 364:937-52. 2004
    ..Therefore, the effect of such factors on risk of coronary heart disease in most regions of the world is unknown...
  29. ncbi Objectively measured sedentary time, physical activity, and metabolic risk: the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab)
    Genevieve N Healy
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Diabetes Care 31:369-71. 2008
    ..We examined the associations of objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity with continuous indexes of metabolic risk in Australian adults without known diabetes...
  30. ncbi Potential environmental determinants of physical activity in adults: a systematic review
    W Wendel-Vos
    Centre for Prevention and Health Services Research, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Obes Rev 8:425-40. 2007
    ..However, most studies used cross-sectional designs and non-validated measures of environments and/or behaviour. Therefore, no strong conclusions can be drawn and more research of better quality is clearly needed...
  31. ncbi An update of controlled physical activity trials in cancer survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Rebecca M Speck
    Division of Clinical Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Cancer Surviv 4:87-100. 2010
    ..Activity prescriptions for cancer survivors rely on evidence as to whether exercise during or after treatment results in improved health outcomes...
  32. doi Calibration of two objective measures of physical activity for children
    Kelly R Evenson
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill 27514 USA
    J Sports Sci 26:1557-65. 2008
    ..This calibration study, using indirect calorimetry, suggests that the two accelerometers can be used to distinguish differing levels of physical activity intensity as well as inactivity among children 5 to 8 years of age...
  33. pmc Amount of time spent in sedentary behaviors and cause-specific mortality in US adults
    Charles E Matthews
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:437-45. 2012
    ..Sedentary behaviors predominate modern life, yet we do not fully understand the adverse effects of these behaviors on mortality after considering the benefits of moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
  34. ncbi A review of correlates of physical activity of children and adolescents
    J F Sallis
    Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University University of California, 92120, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:963-75. 2000
    ..Understanding the factors that influence physical activity can aid the design of more effective interventions. Previous reviews of correlates of youth physical activity have produced conflicting results...
  35. pmc Limits to the measurement of habitual physical activity by questionnaires
    R J Shephard
    Br J Sports Med 37:197-206; discussion 206. 2003
    ..However, attempts at detailed interpretation in terms of exercise dosage and the extent of resulting health benefits seem premature...
  36. pmc Leisure time spent sitting in relation to total mortality in a prospective cohort of US adults
    Alpa V Patel
    Epidemiology Research Program, American Cancer Society, 250 Williams Street NW, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:419-29. 2010
    ..The time spent sitting was independently associated with total mortality, regardless of physical activity level. Public health messages should include both being physically active and reducing time spent sitting...
  37. doi Effective techniques in healthy eating and physical activity interventions: a meta-regression
    Susan Michie
    Centre for Outcomes Research and Effectiveness, University College London, UK
    Health Psychol 28:690-701. 2009
    ..This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of active BC interventions designed to promote physical activity and healthy eating and investigate whether theoretically specified BC techniques improve outcome...
  38. doi The anti-inflammatory effects of exercise: mechanisms and implications for the prevention and treatment of disease
    Michael Gleeson
    Inflammation, Exercise and Metabolism Research Group, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Ashby Road, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK
    Nat Rev Immunol 11:607-15. 2011
    Regular exercise reduces the risk of chronic metabolic and cardiorespiratory diseases, in part because exercise exerts anti-inflammatory effects...
  39. ncbi Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects
    Pedro C Hallal
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 380:247-57. 2012
    ..Continued improvement in monitoring of physical activity would help to guide development of policies and programmes to increase activity levels and to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases...
  40. ncbi Using pedometers to increase physical activity and improve health: a systematic review
    Dena M Bravata
    Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    JAMA 298:2296-304. 2007
    ..Without detailed evidence of their effectiveness, pedometers have recently become popular as a tool for motivating physical activity...
  41. doi Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity from ages 9 to 15 years
    Philip R Nader
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, CA 92093 0927, USA
    JAMA 300:295-305. 2008
    ..Although at least 60 minutes per day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is recommended, few longitudinal studies have determined the recent patterns of physical activity of youth...
  42. ncbi What proportion of youth are physically active? Measurement issues, levels and recent time trends
    Ulf Ekelund
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrookes Hospital, Box 285, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK
    Br J Sports Med 45:859-65. 2011
    ..Current levels and temporal trends in PA and sport participation and the effect of assessment method on data interpretation will be summarised...
  43. ncbi Physical activity and television watching in relation to risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in men
    F B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:1542-8. 2001
    ..Television (TV) watching, a major sedentary behavior in the United States, has been associated with obesity. We hypothesized that prolonged TV watching may increase risk for type 2 diabetes...
  44. ncbi Objectively measured light-intensity physical activity is independently associated with 2-h plasma glucose
    Genevieve N Healy
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Diabetes Care 30:1384-9. 2007
    ..We examined the associations of objectively measured sedentary time, light-intensity physical activity, and moderate- to vigorous-intensity activity with fasting and 2-h postchallenge plasma glucose in Australian adults...
  45. ncbi Global nutrition dynamics: the world is shifting rapidly toward a diet linked with noncommunicable diseases
    Barry M Popkin
    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:289-98. 2006
    ..The challenge to global health is clear...
  46. doi Systematic review of school-based interventions that focus on changing dietary intake and physical activity levels to prevent childhood obesity: an update to the obesity guidance produced by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence
    T Brown
    School of Health and Social Care, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, UK
    Obes Rev 10:110-41. 2009
    ..Physical activity interventions, particularly in girls in primary schools, may help to prevent these children from becoming overweight in the short term...
  47. ncbi Exercise-based rehabilitation for patients with coronary heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Rod S Taylor
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Am J Med 116:682-92. 2004
    To review the effectiveness of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in patients with coronary heart disease.
  48. doi The ABC of Physical Activity for Health: a consensus statement from the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences
    Gary O'Donovan
    School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    J Sports Sci 28:573-91. 2010
    ..Therefore, the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences convened a panel of experts to review the literature and produce guidelines that health professionals ..
  49. ncbi Reducing children's television viewing to prevent obesity: a randomized controlled trial
    T N Robinson
    Department of Pediatrics, Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, Calif 94304, USA
    JAMA 282:1561-7. 1999
    ..Some observational studies have found an association between television viewing and child and adolescent adiposity...
  50. pmc Age-related differences in the dose-response relationship of muscle protein synthesis to resistance exercise in young and old men
    Vinod Kumar
    University of Nottingham, School of Graduate Entry Medicine and Health, City Hospital, Uttoxeter Road, Derby, DE22 3DT, UK
    J Physiol 587:211-7. 2009
    ..We investigated how myofibrillar protein synthesis (MPS) and muscle anabolic signalling were affected by resistance exercise at 20-90% of 1 repetition maximum (1 RM) in two groups (25 each) of post-absorptive, healthy, young (24 +/- 6 ..
  51. pmc Effectiveness of interventions to promote physical activity in children and adolescents: systematic review of controlled trials
    Esther M F van Sluijs
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Sciences, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 0QQ
    BMJ 335:703. 2007
    ..To review the published literature on the effectiveness of interventions to promote physical activity in children and adolescents...
  52. doi Effect of beta-alanine supplementation on muscle carnosine concentrations and exercise performance
    Craig Sale
    School of Science and Technology, Nottingham Trent University, Clifton Lane, Nottingham, NG11 8NS, UK
    Amino Acids 39:321-33. 2010
    High-intensity exercise results in reduced substrate levels and accumulation of metabolites in the skeletal muscle. The accumulation of these metabolites (e.g...
  53. ncbi Superior cardiovascular effect of aerobic interval training versus moderate continuous training in heart failure patients: a randomized study
    Ulrik Wisløff
    Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Olav Kyrres gt 9, 7489 Trondheim, Norway
    Circulation 115:3086-94. 2007
    b>Exercise training reduces the symptoms of chronic heart failure. Which exercise intensity yields maximal beneficial adaptations is controversial...
  54. pmc Exercise and diet enhance fat oxidation and reduce insulin resistance in older obese adults
    Thomas P J Solomon
    Department of Pathobiology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave NE 40, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 104:1313-9. 2008
    Older, obese, and sedentary individuals are at high risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Exercise training improves metabolic anomalies associated with such diseases, but the effects of caloric restriction in addition ..
  55. pmc Test-retest reliability and construct validity of the ENERGY-child questionnaire on energy balance-related behaviours and their potential determinants: the ENERGY-project
    Amika S Singh
    VU University Medical Center, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Dpt, of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:136. 2011
    ..Therefore, reliable and valid tools to measure these variables in large-scale population research are needed...
  56. ncbi Be smart, exercise your heart: exercise effects on brain and cognition
    Charles H Hillman
    Charles H Hillman is at the Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, 213 Louise Freer Hall, 906 South Goodwin Avenue, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 9:58-65. 2008
    ..literature has documented the beneficial influence of physical activity engendered through aerobic exercise on selective aspects of brain function...
  57. ncbi Effects of exercise on glycemic control and body mass in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials
    N G Boulé
    Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Ottawa Health Research Institute, 1053 Carling Ave, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1Y 4E9
    JAMA 286:1218-27. 2001
    b>Exercise is widely perceived to be beneficial for glycemic control and weight loss in patients with type 2 diabetes...
  58. ncbi Exercise: a behavioral intervention to enhance brain health and plasticity
    Carl W Cotman
    Institute for Brain Aging and Dementia, Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 4540, USA
    Trends Neurosci 25:295-301. 2002
    Extensive research on humans suggests that exercise could have benefits for overall health and cognitive function, particularly in later life...
  59. pmc The diseasome of physical inactivity--and the role of myokines in muscle--fat cross talk
    Bente K Pedersen
    Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism, Rigshospitalet Section 7641, Blegdamsvej 9, DK 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Physiol 587:5559-68. 2009
    ..Evidence suggests that the protective effect of exercise may to some extent be ascribed to the anti-inflammatory effect of regular exercise, which can be mediated via a ..
  60. ncbi Spinal and supraspinal factors in human muscle fatigue
    S C Gandevia
    Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, Prince of Wales Hospital and University of New South Wales, Randwick, Sydney, Australia
    Physiol Rev 81:1725-89. 2001
    Muscle fatigue is an exercise-induced reduction in maximal voluntary muscle force...
  61. ncbi Exercise, glucose transport, and insulin sensitivity
    L J Goodyear
    Research Division, Joslin Diabetes Center, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Annu Rev Med 49:235-61. 1998
    Physical exercise can be an important adjunct in the treatment of both non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus...
  62. ncbi The effects of physical activity on serum C-reactive protein and inflammatory markers: a systematic review
    Christos Kasapis
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Connecticut, Farmington, Connecticut, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 45:1563-9. 2005
    ..We searched PubMed for articles published between 1975 through May 2004 using the terms exercise, physical activity, or physical fitness combined with C-reactive protein, inflammation, inflammatory markers, or ..
  63. ncbi Physical activity from childhood to adulthood: a 21-year tracking study
    Risto Telama
    LIKES Research Center, Keltavuokko 4C, 40520 Jyväskylä, Finland
    Am J Prev Med 28:267-73. 2005
    ....
  64. ncbi Comparison of overweight and obesity prevalence in school-aged youth from 34 countries and their relationships with physical activity and dietary patterns
    I Janssen
    Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Obes Rev 6:123-32. 2005
    ..Increasing physical activity participation and decreasing television viewing should be the focus of strategies aimed at preventing and treating overweight and obesity in youth...
  65. ncbi Lifestyle, diabetes, and cardiovascular risk factors 10 years after bariatric surgery
    Lars Sjöström
    Department of Body Composition and Metabolism, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
    N Engl J Med 351:2683-93. 2004
    ..Weight loss is associated with short-term amelioration and prevention of metabolic and cardiovascular risk, but whether these benefits persist over time is unknown...
  66. doi Effective exercise for the prevention of falls: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Catherine Sherrington
    Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for International Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:2234-43. 2008
    To determine the effects of exercise on falls prevention in older people and establish whether particular trial characteristics or components of exercise programs are associated with larger reductions in falls.
  67. pmc Older adults, chronic disease and leisure-time physical activity
    Maureen C Ashe
    Rehabilitation Research Laboratory, GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, University of British Columbia, Canada
    Gerontology 55:64-72. 2009
    ..However, there is limited information on current physical activity levels for older adults and even less for those with chronic diseases...
  68. pmc Defining accelerometer thresholds for activity intensities in adolescent girls
    Margarita S Treuth
    Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1259-66. 2004
    ....
  69. ncbi Effect of aerobic exercise on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials
    Seamus P Whelton
    Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
    Ann Intern Med 136:493-503. 2002
    ..This meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials was conducted to determine the effect of aerobic exercise on blood pressure.
  70. ncbi Sedentary behaviour and obesity development in children and adolescents
    Juan Pablo Rey-López
    HELENA Study Group, School of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Edificio Cervantes, 2nd Floor, C Corona de Aragón 42, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 18:242-51. 2008
    ..Mechanisms that explain the link between sedentariness and obesity are also discussed. Finally, future studies should take into account important mediators such as socioeconomic status and family structure...
  71. ncbi European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: executive summary: Fourth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice (Constituted by r
    Ian Graham
    Department of Cardiology, Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
    Eur Heart J 28:2375-414. 2007
  72. doi Moderate exercise is an antioxidant: upregulation of antioxidant genes by training
    Mari Carmen Gomez-Cabrera
    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Valencia, Blasco Ibañez, 15, 46010 Valencia, Spain
    Free Radic Biol Med 44:126-31. 2008
    b>Exercise causes oxidative stress only when exhaustive. Strenuous exercise causes oxidation of glutathione, release of cytosolic enzymes, and other signs of cell damage...
  73. ncbi Effects of exercise programs to prevent decline in health-related quality of life in highly deconditioned institutionalized elderly persons: a randomized controlled trial
    Arnaud Dechamps
    Department of Physical Activity and Exercise Psychology, LACES 4140, Faculte des Sciences du Sport, Bordeaux, France
    Arch Intern Med 170:162-9. 2010
    Our objective was to assess the effects of targeted exercise programs on health-related quality of life compared with usual care based on the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory scores in ..
  74. doi Using self-determination theory to promote physical activity and weight control: a randomized controlled trial in women
    Marlene N Silva
    Faculty of Human Kinetics, Technical University of Lisbon, Estrada da Costa, Cruz Quebrada, 1495 688, Lisbon, Portugal
    J Behav Med 33:110-22. 2010
    ..intervention based on self-determination theory (SDT) on theory-based psychosocial mediators, physical activity/exercise, and body weight and composition. Participants were 239 women (37.6 +/- 7.1 years; 31.5 +/- 4...
  75. pmc Is housework good for health? Levels of physical activity and factors associated with activity in elderly women. Results from the British Women's Heart and Health Study
    D A Lawlor
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:473-8. 2002
    ..To determine the prevalence of achieving new recommended levels of physical activity, the types of activity involved, and their determinants among elderly British women...
  76. ncbi Exercise builds brain health: key roles of growth factor cascades and inflammation
    Carl W Cotman
    University of California, Irvine Institute for Brain Aging and Dementia, 1113 Gillespie Building, Irvine, CA 92617 4540, USA
    Trends Neurosci 30:464-72. 2007
    Human and other animal studies demonstrate that exercise targets many aspects of brain function and has broad effects on overall brain health...
  77. ncbi Effect of exercise on total and intra-abdominal body fat in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial
    Melinda L Irwin
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn, USA
    JAMA 289:323-30. 2003
    ..The increasing prevalence of obesity is a major public health concern. Physical activity may promote weight and body fat loss...
  78. ncbi Aerobic exercise training increases brain volume in aging humans
    Stanley J Colcombe
    Beckman Institute, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 61:1166-70. 2006
    ..The present study examined whether aerobic fitness training of older humans can increase brain volume in regions associated with age-related decline in both brain structure and cognition...
  79. pmc Gene X environment interaction of vigorous exercise and body mass index among male Vietnam-era twins
    Jeanne M McCaffery
    Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, Brown Medical School and The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1011-8. 2009
    ..However, twin models that incorporate a gene-environment correlation and gene x environment interaction have not been applied to elucidate specific environmental factors that affect the heritability of BMI...
  80. pmc Interventions to promote walking: systematic review
    David Ogilvie
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow G12 8RZ
    BMJ 334:1204. 2007
    ..To assess the effects of interventions to promote walking in individuals and populations...
  81. ncbi The continuing epidemics of obesity and diabetes in the United States
    A H Mokdad
    Data Management Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS E62, 1600 Clifton Rd, NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 286:1195-200. 2001
    ..Recent reports show that obesity and diabetes have increased in the United States in the past decade...
  82. pmc The effect of social desirability and social approval on self-reports of physical activity
    Swann Arp Adams
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29203, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:389-98. 2005
    ..30, 0.005). Body size was not associated with reporting bias in this study. The authors conclude that social desirability and social approval may influence self-reported physical activity on some survey instruments...
  83. ncbi Objective measurement of physical activity and sedentary behaviour: review with new data
    J J Reilly
    University Division of Developmental Medicine, 1st Floor Tower Block QMH, Yorkhill Hospitals, Glasgow G3 8SJ, Scotland
    Arch Dis Child 93:614-9. 2008
    ..We also consider unresolved practical issues in paediatric accelerometry by critically reviewing the existing evidence and by providing new evidence...
  84. ncbi Physical activity assessment in children and adolescents
    J R Sirard
    Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
    Sports Med 31:439-54. 2001
    ....
  85. ncbi BMI-referenced standards for recommended pedometer-determined steps/day in children
    Catrine Tudor-Locke
    Department of Exercise and Wellness, Arizona State University East, Mesa, AZ 85212 0180, USA
    Prev Med 38:857-64. 2004
    ..The purpose of the present study was to establish criterion-referenced standards for PA (using pedometer-assessed steps/day) related to healthy body composition...
  86. pmc Exercise and type 2 diabetes: the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Diabetes Association: joint position statement
    Sheri R Colberg
    Human Movement Sciences Department, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
    Diabetes Care 33:e147-67. 2010
    ..High-quality studies establishing the importance of exercise and fitness in diabetes were lacking until recently, but it is now well established that participation in regular ..
  87. ncbi Associations between objectively assessed physical activity and indicators of body fatness in 9- to 10-y-old European children: a population-based study from 4 distinct regions in Europe (the European Youth Heart Study)
    Ulf Ekelund
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Strangeways Research Laboratories, Wort s Causeway, Cambridge CB1 8RN, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:584-90. 2004
    ..The rising prevalence of obesity in children may be due to a reduction in physical activity (PA)...
  88. doi Exercise training versus diet-induced weight-loss on metabolic risk factors and inflammatory markers in obese subjects: a 12-week randomized intervention study
    Tore Christiansen
    Dept of Medicine and Endocrinology C, Aarhus Univ Hospital, Aarhus Sygehus, Denmark
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 298:E824-31. 2010
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise training and diet-induced weight loss alone or in combination on inflammatory markers in circulation, in adipose tissue (AT) and in skeletal muscle (SM) in obese subjects...
  89. doi The effect of exercise training on anxiety symptoms among patients: a systematic review
    Matthew P Herring
    Department of Kinesiology, Ramsey Center, The University of Georgia, 330 River Road, Athens, GA 30602 6554, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:321-31. 2010
    Anxiety often remains unrecognized or untreated among patients with a chronic illness. Exercise training may help improve anxiety symptoms among patients...
  90. pmc Evidence for microRNA involvement in exercise-associated neutrophil gene expression changes
    Shlomit Radom-Aizik
    Pediatric Exercise Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, University Children s Hospital, University of California Irvine, Orange, CA 92868, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 109:252-61. 2010
    b>Exercise leads to a rapid change in the profile of gene expression in circulating neutrophils. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been discovered to play important roles in immune function and often act to attenuate or silence gene translation...
  91. ncbi Physical activity and likelihood of depression in adults: a review
    Megan Teychenne
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, Vic, Melbourne, Australia
    Prev Med 46:397-411. 2008
    ..This review examines original research which has investigated associations between physical activity (PA) dose (i.e. frequency, intensity and duration) and domain and depression or symptoms of depression in adults...
  92. ncbi Increase in kinins on post-exercise hypotension in normotensive and hypertensive volunteers
    Milton R Moraes
    Department of Biophysics, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Biol Chem 388:533-40. 2007
    Post-exercise hypotension is an important event for blood pressure regulation, especially in hypertensive individuals. Although post-exercise hypotension is a well-known phenomenon, the mechanism responsible is still unclear...
  93. doi Quality of life in obese postmenopausal women
    G L Jones
    Health Services Research Section, ScHARR, Sheffield, UK
    Menopause Int 14:26-32. 2008
    ..Thus, clinical management of obese postmenopausal women should focus on weight reduction and exercise in an attempt to improve wellbeing in these areas...
  94. pmc Leukocyte telomere length is preserved with aging in endurance exercise-trained adults and related to maximal aerobic capacity
    Thomas J Larocca
    Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Mech Ageing Dev 131:165-7. 2010
    ..To determine if age-associated reductions in TL are related to habitual endurance exercise and maximal aerobic exercise capacity (maximal oxygen consumption, VO(2)max), we studied groups of young (18-32 ..
  95. ncbi Antioxidant response to oxidative stress induced by exhaustive exercise
    Antoni Aguilo
    Laboratori de Ciències de l Activitat Física and Department de Biologia Fonamental i Ciències de la Salut, Edifici Guillem Colom, Facultat de Ciencies, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca, Balears, Spain
    Physiol Behav 84:1-7. 2005
    The aim of this work was to demonstrate the occurrence of oxidative stress during exhaustive exercise and to determine the antioxidant response. Eight voluntary male subjects participated in this study...
  96. doi Randomized controlled trial of resistance or aerobic exercise in men receiving radiation therapy for prostate cancer
    Roanne J Segal
    Ottawa Hospital Regional Cancer Center University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Oncol 27:344-51. 2009
    ..We report results from the Prostate Cancer Radiotherapy and Exercise Versus Normal Treatment study examining the effects of 24 weeks of resistance or aerobic training versus usual ..
  97. pmc PGC-1alpha regulation by exercise training and its influences on muscle function and insulin sensitivity
    Vitor A Lira
    Center for Skeletal Muscle Research, Robert M Berne Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 299:E145-61. 2010
    ..proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1alpha) is a major regulator of exercise-induced phenotypic adaptation and substrate utilization...
  98. ncbi Circulating ghrelin is sensitive to changes in body weight during a diet and exercise program in normal-weight young women
    H J Leidy
    Noll Physiological Research Center and the Department of Kinesiology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:2659-64. 2004
    ..We examined the effects of a 3-month energy deficit-imposing diet and exercise intervention on circulating ghrelin in normal-weight, healthy women...
  99. ncbi Angiogenesis during exercise and training
    Colin M Bloor
    Department of Pathology, University of California, San Diego, California 92037, USA
    Angiogenesis 8:263-71. 2005
    ..the extracellular matrix to facilitate sprouting angiogenesis which is a major part of the angiogenesis seen in exercise and exercise training. A key role in angiogenesis is played by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...
  100. ncbi Physical activity and exercise recommendations for stroke survivors: an American Heart Association scientific statement from the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascula
    Neil F Gordon
    Circulation 109:2031-41. 2004
  101. ncbi Effects of a workplace physical exercise intervention on the intensity of headache and neck and shoulder symptoms and upper extremity muscular strength of office workers: a cluster randomized controlled cross-over trial
    Tuulikki Sjögren
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyvaskyla, P O Box 35, FIN 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Pain 116:119-28. 2005
    The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of a workplace physical exercise intervention on the perceived intensity of headache and the intensity of symptoms in the neck and shoulders, as well as on the extension and flexion ..

Research Grants87

  1. RCT of exercise on aromatase inhibitor side effects in breast cancer survivors
    Melinda L Irwin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Nonpharmacologic methods of managing the side effects of the AI's are especially desirable. Exercise has been shown to improve bone metabolism in healthy women, and to be beneficial for people with fibromyalgia, ..
  2. COX Inhibition & Musculoskeletal Responses to Exercise
    Wendy Kohrt; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..As noted by the new title, COX Inhibition &Musculoskeletal Responses to Exercise, the application is a continuation of the study of factors that influence bone and muscle metabolism in aging...
  3. RCT of exercise on aromatase inhibitor side effects in breast cancer survivors
    Melinda Irwin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Nonpharmacologic methods of managing the side effects of the AI's are especially desirable. Exercise has been shown to improve bone metabolism in healthy women, and to be beneficial for people with fibromyalgia, ..
  4. Effects of Standardized Aerobic Exercise-Training on Neurocognitive and Neurodege
    Thomas Obisesan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to determine whether African Americans (AA) with mild AD (AD) can be enrolled and retained in a 6-month aerobic exercise-training study...
  5. Aging, Sex, and Neural Cardiovascular Control During Dynamic Exercise
    PAUL FADEL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Older individuals are increasingly being encouraged to exercise to maintain their physical well being and independence...
  6. Fetal Programming and Human Physical Performance
    Tom Brutsaert; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..However, notably absent are fetal programming studies that have focused on human physical performance (exercise) outcomes and the response to training...
  7. ANAEROBIC THRESHOLD DURING EXERCISE
    David Systrom; Fiscal Year: 1992
    During heavy exercise, blood lactate rises vs. resting values (Lactate Threshold, LT) and ventilation increases out of proportion to the metabolic rate (Ventilatory Threshold, VT)...
  8. MECHANISMS OF EXERCISE INDUCED ASTHMA IN HUMANS
    Kenneth Beck; Fiscal Year: 1999
    DESCRIPTION (Applicant's abstract): Most studies of exercise induced asthma focus on changes in airway function after exercise...
  9. MECHANISMS OF EXERCISE INDUCED ASTHMA IN HUMANS
    Kenneth Beck; Fiscal Year: 2000
    DESCRIPTION (Applicant's abstract): Most studies of exercise induced asthma focus on changes in airway function after exercise...
  10. DIASTOLIC FILLING DYNAMICS OF EXERCISE AND HEART FAILURE
    Che Ping Cheng; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..However, the mechanisms of the effects of exercise or the development of heart failure on LV diastolic performance have not been investigated...
  11. Comparative Resistance Exercise Effects on Knee Osteoarthritis Pain, Functional I
    KEVIN ROBERT VINCENT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Resistance exercise has been shown to improve physical abilities and lower knee pain in patients with symptomatic knee OA;however, ..
  12. Integrative Cardiovascular Control During Exercise in Hypertension
    DONAL O LEARY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Although the beneficial effects of daily exercise are well known, in patients with established hypertension abnormally large increases in sympathetic nerve ..
  13. Integrative Cardiovascular Control During Exercise in Hypertension
    DONAL S O apos LEARY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Although the beneficial effects of daily exercise are well known, in patients with established hypertension abnormally large increases in sympathetic nerve ..
  14. Exercise-Facilitated NeuroRehabilitation in Diabetic Neuropathy
    EVAN STUBBS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..clinical trial is proposed to determine the significance of a combined isokinetic strength and aerobic exercise training program on the rehabilitation of peripheral nerve function in type 2 diabetic veterans with neuropathy...
  15. Thermoregulatory function in euhydrated and dehydrated obese individuals
    MATTHEW STUECK GANIO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Exercise is one of the major lifestyle changes recommended to lose weight...
  16. EXERCISE--NURSING INTERVENTION FOR FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY
    Beverly Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Although the positive effects on functional recovery is widely accepted, exercise, as a nursing intervention, has not been empirically tested for its effects on functional recovery after an acute ..
  17. EXERCISE--NURSING INTERVENTION FOR FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY
    Beverly Roberts; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Although the positive effects on functional recovery is widely accepted, exercise, as a nursing intervention, has not been empirically tested for its effects on functional recovery after an acute ..
  18. EXERCISE AND PARKINSON'S: COMPARING INTERVENTIONS AND EXPLORING NEURAL MECHANISMS
    Gammon M Earhart; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Evidence suggests that exercise may be an important adjunct to traditional treatments, particularly with respect to locomotor function...
  19. ACETAMINOPHEN VS IBUPROFEN ON RENAL FUNCTION DURING EXERCISE
    W Kenney; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..b>Exercise, salt restriction, and/or dehydration cause transient reductions in renal functions that may be buffered by ..
  20. Arterial Baroreflex Function in African Americans at Rest and During Exercise
    David Keller; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Moreover, normotensive African Americans exhibit exaggerated blood pressure responses to exercise, as well as to various laboratory pressor stimuli (e.g., cold pressor testing), relative to Caucasian Americans...
  21. Concurrent Upper/Lower Extremity SCI Exercise with Stimulation
    LEE BARNETT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Exercise for people with spinal cord injury not only enhances physical fitness but has the potential to slow or reverse ..
  22. Effects of Standardized Aerobic Exercise-Training on Neurocognitive and Neurodege
    Thomas O Obisesan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to determine whether African Americans (AA) with mild AD (AD) can be enrolled and retained in a 6-month aerobic exercise-training study...
  23. REGULATION OF SYMPATHETIC NERVE ACTIVITY DURING EXERCISE
    DOUGLAS SEALS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    The autonomic adjustments to exercise in humans (i.e...
  24. Impact of exercise on ovarian cancer prognosis
    Melinda Irwin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Although the impact of exercise on ovarian cancer survival is unknown, it may play a role via weight control, since obesity has been shown in ..
  25. Liver Glycogen in Control of Plasma Glucose
    Katarina Borer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Two spaced bouts of moderate-intensity exercise reduce counterregulatory responses to a next-day hypoglycemic challenge and lead to hypoglycemia, a phenomenon that was characterized as exercise- ..
  26. THERMOGENESIS AND EXERCISE IN LEAN AND OBESE MEN
    KAREN SEGAL; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..It is now evident that prior exercise alters the thermic response to a meal, especially in the obese, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown...
  27. Exercise Training to Reduce Claudication: Arm Ergometry Versus Treadmill Walking
    DIANE JEANETTE TREAT JACOBSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Treadmill exercise training has been shown to be very effective at improving walking distance and functional status, with the ..
  28. Exercise Training to Reduce Claudication: Arm Ergometry Versus Treadmill Walking
    Diane Treat Jacobson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Treadmill exercise training has been shown to be very effective at improving walking distance and functional status, with the ..
  29. Reducing Dynamic Hyperinflation through Breathing Retraining
    Eileen Collins; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Abstract Dynamic hyperinflation limits exercise duration in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
  30. Respiratory muscle work and oxidative stress in COPD: impact on leg blood flow an
    Markus Amann; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Patients with COPD are limited in their daily activities because of exercise limitation that can be sufficiently severe to impair simple everyday tasks...
  31. Adapting Exercise Treatment for Depression to Adolescents: A Pilot Study
    Andrea Dunn; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In adults, exercise has been used as a mono-therapy and as an augmentation therapy with antidepressant medication...
  32. POST-EXERCISE ION CHANNEL GENE EXPRESSION BIOMARKERS IN CFS
    Kathleen C Light; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..of these ion channel receptors are not fixed but can increase markedly in response to inflammatory processes or exercise. Supported by an R21 grant, we completed the first translational study to show dysregulation of these receptors ..
  33. Adapting Exercise Treatment for Depression to Adolescents: A Pilot Study
    PHILIPPE WEINTRAUB; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In adults, exercise has been used as a mono-therapy and as an augmentation therapy with antidepressant medication...
  34. BEHAVIORAL TREATMENT OF HYPERTENSION
    James Blumenthal; Fiscal Year: 1999
    Purpose: The study which we have now completed was a single, randomized clinical trial of exercise and weight management with three long term objectives...
  35. BEHAVIORAL TREATMENT OF HYPERTENSION
    James Blumenthal; Fiscal Year: 2001
    Purpose: The study which we have now completed was a single, randomized clinical trial of exercise and weight management with three long term objectives...
  36. HEART RATE RECOVERY AND MORTALITY
    Michael Lauer; Fiscal Year: 2001
    Although there has been considerable attention paid to the prognostic significance of the heart rate rise during exercise, only recently has it been noted that the heart rate fall after exercise, or "heart-rate recovery," may be an even ..
  37. HEART RATE RECOVERY AND MORTALITY
    Michael Lauer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Although there has been considerable attention paid to the prognostic significance of the heart rate rise during exercise, only recently has it been noted that the heart rate fall after exercise, or "heart-rate recovery," may be an even ..
  38. EXERCISE AS A MEANS OF ENHANCING IMMUNITY IN THE AGED
    Jeffrey Woods; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Recent epidemiological evidence suggests that chronic exercise can protect against cancer and infectious disease...
  39. EXERCISE AS A MEANS OF ENHANCING IMMUNITY IN THE AGED
    Jeffrey Woods; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Recent epidemiological evidence suggests that chronic exercise can protect against cancer and infectious disease...
  40. EXERCISE AS A MEANS OF ENHANCING IMMUNITY IN THE AGED
    Jeffrey Woods; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Recent epidemiological evidence suggests that chronic exercise can protect against cancer and infectious disease...
  41. THERMOGENESIS AND EXERCISE IN LEAN AND OBESE MEN
    KAREN SEGAL; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Mechanisms for the interactions between exercise and thermogenesis remain unclear, but changes in exercised muscle may play a role in the altered thermic effect ..
  42. Impact of Exercise on Sarcopenia
    Judd Aiken; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our data is consistent with a rapidly growing body of literature that indicates the level of exercise necessary for beneficial adaptation declines with age...
  43. CATECHOLAMINE MODULATION OF THYROID HORMONE METABOLISM
    Harvey Katzeff; Fiscal Year: 1990
    Chronic exercise programs have several advantages when compared to caloric restriction for the treatment of obesity. Chronic exercise produces similar losses of fat mass as underfeeding but lean body mass is maintained...
  44. COMBINATION EXERCISE PLUS TESTOSTERONE IN EUGONADAL MEN WITH AIDS WASTING
    Steven Grinspoon; Fiscal Year: 1999
    The purpose of this protocol is to determine the effects of testosterone administration and exercise to increase lean body mass and exercise functional capacity in eugonadal men with the AIDS wasting syndrome...
  45. COX Inhibition & Musculoskeletal Responses to Exercise
    Wendy Kohrt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..As noted by the new title, COX Inhibition & Musculoskeletal Responses to Exercise, the application is a continuation of the study of factors that influence bone and muscle metabolism in aging...
  46. COX Inhibition & Musculoskeletal Responses to Exercise
    Wendy Kohrt; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..As noted by the new title, COX Inhibition & Musculoskeletal Responses to Exercise, the application is a continuation of the study of factors that influence bone and muscle metabolism in aging...
  47. EXERCISE--EFFECTS ON ETOH IMPAIRMENT OF BEHAVIOR IN MICE
    SANDRA MOLLENAUER; Fiscal Year: 1992
    The goals of the proposed research are to determine the protective effects of exercise against acute and chronic ethanol (EtOH) intoxication and EtOH withdrawal in C57BL/6J and BALB/cByJ mice, and to provide preliminary information on the ..
  48. STIMULATION-AUGMENTED EXERCISE AND NEUROMOTOR THERAPY
    Eric C Hartman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provided by applicant): This Phase II SBIR project proposes to develop an electrical stimulation augmented exercise device for individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI)...
  49. STIMULATION-AUGMENTED EXERCISE AND NEUROMOTOR THERAPY
    Eric Hartman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..provided by applicant): This Phase II SBIR project proposes to develop an electrical stimulation augmented exercise device for individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI)...
  50. INTERACTIONS IN VENTILATORY CONTROL DURING EXERCISE
    Gordon Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..In this project period, neural mechanisms causing short and long term modulation of the exercise ventilatory response will be investigated...
  51. Aging, Sex, and Neural Cardiovascular Control During Dynamic Exercise
    Paul J Fadel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Older individuals are increasingly being encouraged to exercise to maintain their physical well being and independence...
  52. Exercise as a novel strategy to target methamphetamine-induced cerebrovascular to
    MICHAL J TOBOREK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Exercise is a modifiable behavioral factor known to have numerous health promoting effects that are mediated in part by an ..
  53. INSULIN AND PROTEIN SYNTHESIS AFTER RESISTANCE EXERCISE
    PETER FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 1999
    This project will examine the hypothesis that insulin is critical for exercise-induced increases in rates of protein synthesis and skeletal muscle hypertrophy...
  54. VETerans with Stroke Translating Exercise Programs (VET STEP)
    MARIANNE contact SHAUGHNESSY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..ABSTRACT: This four year Merit Review proposal directly compares the efficacy of two markedly different exercise models in veteran stroke survivors, within the context of an overall cardiovascular risk factor reduction program...
  55. Exercise as a novel strategy to target methamphetamine-induced cerebrovascular to
    Michal Toborek; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..b>Exercise is a modifiable behavioral factor known to have numerous health promoting effects that are mediated in part by an ..
  56. Aging, Sex, and Neural Cardiovascular Control During Dynamic Exercise
    PAUL FADEL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Older individuals are increasingly being encouraged to exercise to maintain their physical well being and independence...
  57. BLOOD VOLUME AND VENOUS RETURN IN THERMAL STRAIN
    ETHAN NADEL; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..To study these mechanisms in humans, we have developed an intense exercise model that produces a 10.5% expansion of plasma volume 24 h after exercise...
  58. SYMPTOM RESPONSES TO EXERCISE IN RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
    GERALDINE NEUBERGER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The first aim of this study is to explore the effects of participation in a low-impact aerobic exercise group program versus participation in a home exercise program using a videotape versus a no-treatment control ..
  59. EXERCISE ANTIOXIDANTS & OXIDATIVE STRESS IN THE ELDERLY
    JAMES JESSUP; Fiscal Year: 2000
    While there is no doubt that exercise promotes health, it also increases the generation of free radicals. Free radicals have been implicated in the number of degenerative diseases associated with aging...
  60. Insulin sensitivity and fatty acid partitioning in skeletal muscle after exercise
    Jeffrey F Horowitz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Exercise is a key component of the successful management of many obesity-related metabolic complications, including insulin resistance...
  61. The role of traumatic brain injury stress response on exercise therapy
    GRACE GRIESBACH; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..However most of the knowledge concerning the effects of exercise on recovery from TBI has been based on observation, and scientifically based research regarding the effects of ..
  62. The role of traumatic brain injury stress response on exercise therapy
    GRACE GRIESBACH; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..However most of the knowledge concerning the effects of exercise on recovery from TBI has been based on observation, and scientifically based research regarding the effects of ..
  63. EXERCISE-INDUCED CHANGES IN SINGLE MUSCLE FIBER FUNCTION
    Robert Fitts; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..objectives are to understand the cellular mechanisms of muscle contraction, and determine how regular programs of exercise-training after muscle function and improve work capacity...
  64. The role of traumatic brain injury stress response on exercise therapy
    Grace Sophia Griesbach; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..However most of the knowledge concerning the effects of exercise on recovery from TBI has been based on observation, and scientifically based research regarding the effects of ..
  65. Integrated Teleconferencing Unit For Home-Based Interactive Exercise For Elders
    LAWRENCE KEYES; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Supervised group exercise has been shown to be an effective component for improving balance and preventing falls among elders who have suffered falls or exhibit a fear of falling due to ..
  66. EFFECT OF EXERCISE ON PROTEIN DEGRADATION
    GEORGE KASPEREK; Fiscal Year: 1990
    Although the major fuels used during exercise are carbohydrates and fats the contribution made by protein is important...
  67. EFFECT OF EXERCISE ON PROTEIN DEGRADATION
    GEORGE KASPEREK; Fiscal Year: 1993
    Although the major fuels used during exercise are carbohydrates and fats the contribution made by protein is important...
  68. BONE ESTROGEN STRENGTH TRAINING
    Timothy Lohman; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..dietary and hormonal interventions on BMD are being investigated in the Women's Health Initiative, the effects of exercise, a potentially effective stimulus for slowing and possibly reversing bone loss is not assessed...
  69. BONE ESTROGEN STRENGTH TRAINING
    Timothy Lohman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..dietary and hormonal interventions on BMD are being investigated in the Women's Health Initiative, the effects of exercise, a potentially effective stimulus for slowing and possibly reversing bone loss is not assessed...