Genomes and Genes
Summary: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Publications266 found, 100 shown here
- Whole-body fat oxidation determined by graded exercise and indirect calorimetry: a role for muscle oxidative capacity?P Nordby
Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, Department of Medical Physiology, The Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Scand J Med Sci Sports 16:209-14. 2006During whole-body exercise, peak fat oxidation occurs at a moderate intensity...
- Relations between obesity and hypertension: preliminary data from a cross-sectional study in primary schoolchildren: the children studyP D Angelopoulos
Department of Pathophysiology, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
Eur J Clin Nutr 60:1226-34. 2006..CONCLUSIONS: The current study revealed an increased prevalence of overweight, obesity and hypertension among schoolchildren in Ioannina, indicating the need for early preventive measures in one of the less privileged regions of Europe...
- Adaptations to endurance training in the healthy elderly: arm cranking versus leg cyclingS Pogliaghi
Laboratorio di Fisiologia dell esercizio, Facoltà di Scienze Motorie, Universita degli Studi di Verona, Via Casorati, 43, 37131 Verona, VR, Italy
Eur J Appl Physiol 97:723-31. 2006..The aim was to determine the benefit of each training modality on specific and cross exercise capacity...
- What can we learn about diet and physical activity from master athletes?Christine Rosenbloom
College of Health and Human Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302, USA
Holist Nurs Pract 20:161-6; quiz 167-8. 2006..Learning what motivates master athletes to stay highly active may help health professionals develop strategies to encourage exercise in the sedentary population of older adults.
- Exercise can be pyrogenic in humansCarl D Bradford
School of Physical Education, University of Otago, P O Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 292:R143-9. 2007b>Exercise increases mean body temperature (T(body)) and cytokine concentrations in plasma. Cytokines facilitate PG production via cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes, and PGE(2) can mediate fever...
- Compendium of physical activities: an update of activity codes and MET intensitiesB E Ainsworth
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:S498-504. 2000..The updated version includes two new major headings of volunteer and religious activities, extends the number of specific activities from 477 to 605, and provides updated MET intensity levels for selected activities...
- Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart AssociationWilliam L Haskell
Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5705, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1423-34. 2007..The Committee on Exercise and Cardiac Rehabilitation of the American Heart Association endorsed and supported these recommendations...
- International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validityCora L Craig
Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada
Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1381-95. 2003..The short IPAQ form "last 7 d recall" is recommended for national monitoring and the long form for research requiring more detailed assessment...
- Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control studySalim Yusuf
Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton General Hospital, 237 Barton Street East, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8L 2X2
Lancet 364:937-52. 2004..Therefore, the effect of such factors on risk of coronary heart disease in most regions of the world is unknown...
- Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle among subjects with impaired glucose toleranceJ Tuomilehto
Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
N Engl J Med 344:1343-50. 2001..Whether type 2 diabetes can be prevented by interventions that affect the lifestyles of subjects at high risk for the disease is not known...
- Physical activity and public health in older adults: recommendation from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart AssociationMiriam E Nelson
John Hancock Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1435-45. 2007..To issue a recommendation on the types and amounts of physical activity needed to improve and maintain health in older adults...
- The ABC of Physical Activity for Health: a consensus statement from the British Association of Sport and Exercise SciencesGary O'Donovan
School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
J Sports Sci 28:573-91. 2010..Therefore, the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences convened a panel of experts to review the literature and produce guidelines that health professionals ..
- Health benefits of physical activity: the evidenceDarren E R Warburton
School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, and the Healthy Heart Program, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
CMAJ 174:801-9. 2006..There appears to be a linear relation between physical activity and health status, such that a further increase in physical activity and fitness will lead to additional improvements in health status...
- Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart AssociationWilliam L Haskell
Stanford University, USA
Circulation 116:1081-93. 2007..The Committee on Exercise and Cardiac Rehabilitation of the American Heart Association endorsed and supported these recommendations...
- The anti-inflammatory effect of exerciseAnne Marie W Petersen
Dept. of Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, Section 7641, Blegdamsvej 9, DK-2100, Copenhagen, Denmark
J Appl Physiol 98:1154-62. 2005Regular exercise offers protection against all-cause mortality, primarily by protection against cardiovascular disease and Type 2 diabetes mellitus...
- Antioxidants prevent health-promoting effects of physical exercise in humansMichael Ristow
Department of Human Nutrition, Institute of Nutrition, University of Jena, Jena D 07743, Germany
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:8665-70. 2009b>Exercise promotes longevity and ameliorates type 2 diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance. However, exercise also increases mitochondrial formation of presumably harmful reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
- Television viewing time and mortality: the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab)D W Dunstan
Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, 250 Kooyong Rd, Caulfield, Victoria, Australia 3162
Circulation 121:384-91. 2010..We examined the associations of prolonged television viewing time with all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, and non-CVD/noncancer mortality in Australian adults...
- A brief review on correlates of physical activity and sedentariness in youthKlazine van der Horst
EMGO Institute, Department of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1241-50. 2007..The main goal of this systematic review is to summarize and update the existing literature on correlates of young people's physical activity, insufficient physical activity, and sedentary behavior...
- Comparison of overweight and obesity prevalence in school-aged youth from 34 countries and their relationships with physical activity and dietary patternsI Janssen
Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
Obes Rev 6:123-32. 2005..Increasing physical activity participation and decreasing television viewing should be the focus of strategies aimed at preventing and treating overweight and obesity in youth...
- Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metforminWilliam C Knowler
Diabetes Prevention Program Coordinating Center, Biostatistics Center, George Washington University, 6110 Executive Blvd, Suite 750, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
N Engl J Med 346:393-403. 2002..9 would have to receive metformin. CONCLUSIONS: Lifestyle changes and treatment with metformin both reduced the incidence of diabetes in persons at high risk. The lifestyle intervention was more effective than metformin...
- Lifestyle, diabetes, and cardiovascular risk factors 10 years after bariatric surgeryLars Sjöström
Department of Body Composition and Metabolism, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
N Engl J Med 351:2683-93. 2004..Weight loss is associated with short-term amelioration and prevention of metabolic and cardiovascular risk, but whether these benefits persist over time is unknown...
- Television watching and other sedentary behaviors in relation to risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus in womenFrank B Hu
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
JAMA 289:1785-91. 2003Current public health campaigns to reduce obesity and type 2 diabetes have largely focused on increasing exercise, but have paid little attention to the reduction of sedentary behaviors.
- Effective exercise for the prevention of falls: a systematic review and meta-analysisCatherine Sherrington
Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for International Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
J Am Geriatr Soc 56:2234-43. 2008To determine the effects of exercise on falls prevention in older people and establish whether particular trial characteristics or components of exercise programs are associated with larger reductions in falls.
- Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity from ages 9 to 15 yearsPhilip R Nader
Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, CA 92093 0927, USA
JAMA 300:295-305. 2008..Although at least 60 minutes per day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is recommended, few longitudinal studies have determined the recent patterns of physical activity of youth...
- Exercise training increases size of hippocampus and improves memoryKirk I Erickson
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:3017-22. 2011..adults, and physical activity training increases hippocampal perfusion, but the extent to which aerobic exercise training can modify hippocampal volume in late adulthood remains unknown...
- Physical activity from childhood to adulthood: a 21-year tracking studyRisto Telama
LIKES Research Center, Keltavuokko 4C, 40520 Jyväskylä, Finland
Am J Prev Med 28:267-73. 2005....
- Older adults, chronic disease and leisure-time physical activityMaureen C Ashe
Rehabilitation Research Laboratory, GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, University of British Columbia, Canada
Gerontology 55:64-72. 2009..However, there is limited information on current physical activity levels for older adults and even less for those with chronic diseases...
- Effect of aerobic exercise on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trialsSeamus P Whelton
Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
Ann Intern Med 136:493-503. 2002..This meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials was conducted to determine the effect of aerobic exercise on blood pressure. DATA SOURCES: English-language articles published before September 2001...
- Defining accelerometer thresholds for activity intensities in adolescent girlsMargarita S Treuth
Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1259-66. 2004....
- Sedentary behaviour and obesity development in children and adolescentsJuan Pablo Rey-López
HELENA Study Group, School of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Edificio Cervantes, 2nd Floor, C Corona de Aragón 42, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 18:242-51. 2008..Mechanisms that explain the link between sedentariness and obesity are also discussed. Finally, future studies should take into account important mediators such as socioeconomic status and family structure...
- European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: executive summaryIan Graham
Department of Cardiology, The Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
Eur Heart J 28:2375-414. 2007
- Moderate exercise is an antioxidant: upregulation of antioxidant genes by trainingMari Carmen Gomez-Cabrera
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Valencia, Blasco Ibañez, 15, 46010 Valencia, Spain
Free Radic Biol Med 44:126-31. 2008b>Exercise causes oxidative stress only when exhaustive. Strenuous exercise causes oxidation of glutathione, release of cytosolic enzymes, and other signs of cell damage...
- Exercise: a behavioral intervention to enhance brain health and plasticityCarl W Cotman
Institute for Brain Aging and Dementia, Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 4540, USA
Trends Neurosci 25:295-301. 2002Extensive research on humans suggests that exercise could have benefits for overall health and cognitive function, particularly in later life...
- Reducing children's television viewing to prevent obesity: a randomized controlled trialT N Robinson
Department of Pediatrics, Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, Calif 94304, USA
JAMA 282:1561-7. 1999..Some observational studies have found an association between television viewing and child and adolescent adiposity...
- Exercise-induced oxidative stress: cellular mechanisms and impact on muscle force productionScott K Powers
Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
Physiol Rev 88:1243-76. 2008The first suggestion that physical exercise results in free radical-mediated damage to tissues appeared in 1978, and the past three decades have resulted in a large growth of knowledge regarding exercise and oxidative stress...
- Systematic review of school-based interventions that focus on changing dietary intake and physical activity levels to prevent childhood obesity: an update to the obesity guidance produced by the National Institute for Health and Clinical ExcellenceT Brown
School of Health and Social Care, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, UK
Obes Rev 10:110-41. 2009..Physical activity interventions, particularly in girls in primary schools, may help to prevent these children from becoming overweight in the short term...
- Using self-determination theory to promote physical activity and weight control: a randomized controlled trial in womenMarlene N Silva
Faculty of Human Kinetics, Technical University of Lisbon, Estrada da Costa, Cruz Quebrada, 1495 688, Lisbon, Portugal
J Behav Med 33:110-22. 2010..intervention based on self-determination theory (SDT) on theory-based psychosocial mediators, physical activity/exercise, and body weight and composition. Participants were 239 women (37.6 +/- 7.1 years; 31.5 +/- 4...
- Effects of exercise programs to prevent decline in health-related quality of life in highly deconditioned institutionalized elderly persons: a randomized controlled trialArnaud Dechamps
Department of Physical Activity and Exercise Psychology, LACES 4140, Faculte des Sciences du Sport, Bordeaux, France
Arch Intern Med 170:162-9. 2010Our objective was to assess the effects of targeted exercise programs on health-related quality of life compared with usual care based on the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory scores in ..
- Aerobic exercise training increases brain volume in aging humansStanley J Colcombe
Beckman Institute, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, 405 N. Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 61:1166-70. 2006..Twenty young adults served as controls for the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and did not participate in the exercise intervention...
- Objectively measured sedentary time, physical activity, and metabolic risk: the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab)Genevieve N Healy
School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
Diabetes Care 31:369-71. 2008..We examined the associations of objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity with continuous indexes of metabolic risk in Australian adults without known diabetes...
- Is housework good for health? Levels of physical activity and factors associated with activity in elderly women. Results from the British Women's Heart and Health StudyD A Lawlor
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 56:473-8. 2002..To determine the prevalence of achieving new recommended levels of physical activity, the types of activity involved, and their determinants among elderly British women...
- Exercise builds brain health: key roles of growth factor cascades and inflammationCarl W Cotman
University of California, Irvine Institute for Brain Aging and Dementia, 1113 Gillespie Building, Irvine, CA 92617 4540, USA
Trends Neurosci 30:464-72. 2007Human and other animal studies demonstrate that exercise targets many aspects of brain function and has broad effects on overall brain health...
- Effect of exercise on total and intra-abdominal body fat in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trialMelinda L Irwin
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn, USA
JAMA 289:323-30. 2003..Physical activity may promote weight and body fat loss. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of exercise on total and intra-abdominal body fat overall and by level of exercise...
- Gene X environment interaction of vigorous exercise and body mass index among male Vietnam-era twinsJeanne M McCaffery
Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, Brown Medical School and The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI 02903, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1011-8. 2009..However, twin models that incorporate a gene-environment correlation and gene x environment interaction have not been applied to elucidate specific environmental factors that affect the heritability of BMI...
- Interventions to promote walking: systematic reviewDavid Ogilvie
Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow G12 8RZ
BMJ 334:1204. 2007..To assess the effects of interventions to promote walking in individuals and populations...
- The continuing epidemics of obesity and diabetes in the United StatesA H Mokdad
Data Management Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS E62, 1600 Clifton Rd, NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
JAMA 286:1195-200. 2001..Recent reports show that obesity and diabetes have increased in the United States in the past decade...
- The effect of social desirability and social approval on self-reports of physical activitySwann Arp Adams
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29203, USA
Am J Epidemiol 161:389-98. 2005..30, 0.005). Body size was not associated with reporting bias in this study. The authors conclude that social desirability and social approval may influence self-reported physical activity on some survey instruments...
- Position statement. Part one: Immune function and exerciseNeil P Walsh
School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences, Bangor University, UK
Exerc Immunol Rev 17:6-63. 2011..volume of peer-reviewed publications speaks to the recent and rapid growth in both scope and understanding of exercise immunology...
- Associations between objectively assessed physical activity and indicators of body fatness in 9- to 10-y-old European children: a population-based study from 4 distinct regions in Europe (the European Youth Heart Study)Ulf Ekelund
MRC Epidemiology Unit, Strangeways Research Laboratories, Wort s Causeway, Cambridge CB1 8RN, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 80:584-90. 2004..The rising prevalence of obesity in children may be due to a reduction in physical activity (PA)...
- Exercise and type 2 diabetes: the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Diabetes Association: joint position statementSheri R Colberg
Human Movement Sciences Department, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
Diabetes Care 33:e147-67. 2010..High-quality studies establishing the importance of exercise and fitness in diabetes were lacking until recently, but it is now well established that participation in regular ..
- The effect of exercise training on anxiety symptoms among patients: a systematic reviewMatthew P Herring
Department of Kinesiology, Ramsey Center, The University of Georgia, 330 River Road, Athens, GA 30602 6554, USA
Arch Intern Med 170:321-31. 2010Anxiety often remains unrecognized or untreated among patients with a chronic illness. Exercise training may help improve anxiety symptoms among patients...
- Evidence for microRNA involvement in exercise-associated neutrophil gene expression changesShlomit Radom-Aizik
Pediatric Exercise Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, University Children s Hospital, University of California Irvine, Orange, CA 92868, USA
J Appl Physiol 109:252-61. 2010b>Exercise leads to a rapid change in the profile of gene expression in circulating neutrophils. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been discovered to play important roles in immune function and often act to attenuate or silence gene translation...
- BMI-referenced standards for recommended pedometer-determined steps/day in childrenCatrine Tudor-Locke
Department of Exercise and Wellness, Arizona State University East, Mesa, AZ 85212 0180, USA
Prev Med 38:857-64. 2004..The purpose of the present study was to establish criterion-referenced standards for PA (using pedometer-assessed steps/day) related to healthy body composition...
- Physical activity and likelihood of depression in adults: a reviewMegan Teychenne
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, Vic, Melbourne, Australia
Prev Med 46:397-411. 2008..This review examines original research which has investigated associations between physical activity (PA) dose (i.e. frequency, intensity and duration) and domain and depression or symptoms of depression in adults...
- Objective measurement of physical activity and sedentary behaviour: review with new dataJ J Reilly
University Division of Developmental Medicine, 1st Floor Tower Block QMH, Yorkhill Hospitals, Glasgow G3 8SJ, Scotland
Arch Dis Child 93:614-9. 2008..We also consider unresolved practical issues in paediatric accelerometry by critically reviewing the existing evidence and by providing new evidence...
- Exercise training versus diet-induced weight-loss on metabolic risk factors and inflammatory markers in obese subjects: a 12-week randomized intervention studyTore Christiansen
Dept of Medicine and Endocrinology C, Aarhus Univ Hospital, Aarhus Sygehus, Denmark
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 298:E824-31. 2010The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise training and diet-induced weight loss alone or in combination on inflammatory markers in circulation, in adipose tissue (AT) and in skeletal muscle (SM) in obese subjects...
- Physical activity assessment in children and adolescentsJ R Sirard
Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
Sports Med 31:439-54. 2001....
- Antioxidant response to oxidative stress induced by exhaustive exerciseAntoni Aguilo
Laboratori de Ciències de l Activitat Física and Department de Biologia Fonamental i Ciències de la Salut, Edifici Guillem Colom, Facultat de Ciencies, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca, Balears, Spain
Physiol Behav 84:1-7. 2005The aim of this work was to demonstrate the occurrence of oxidative stress during exhaustive exercise and to determine the antioxidant response. Eight voluntary male subjects participated in this study...
- PGC-1alpha regulation by exercise training and its influences on muscle function and insulin sensitivityVitor A Lira
Center for Skeletal Muscle Research, Robert M Berne Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, USA
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 299:E145-61. 2010..proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1alpha) is a major regulator of exercise-induced phenotypic adaptation and substrate utilization...
- Circulating ghrelin is sensitive to changes in body weight during a diet and exercise program in normal-weight young womenH J Leidy
Noll Physiological Research Center and the Department of Kinesiology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:2659-64. 2004..We examined the effects of a 3-month energy deficit-imposing diet and exercise intervention on circulating ghrelin in normal-weight, healthy women...
- Increase in kinins on post-exercise hypotension in normotensive and hypertensive volunteersMilton R Moraes
Department of Biophysics, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Biol Chem 388:533-40. 2007Post-exercise hypotension is an important event for blood pressure regulation, especially in hypertensive individuals. Although post-exercise hypotension is a well-known phenomenon, the mechanism responsible is still unclear...
- Leukocyte telomere length is preserved with aging in endurance exercise-trained adults and related to maximal aerobic capacityThomas J Larocca
Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
Mech Ageing Dev 131:165-7. 2010..To determine if age-associated reductions in TL are related to habitual endurance exercise and maximal aerobic exercise capacity (maximal oxygen consumption, VO(2)max), we studied groups of young (18-32 ..
- Randomized controlled trial of resistance or aerobic exercise in men receiving radiation therapy for prostate cancerRoanne J Segal
Ottawa Hospital Regional Cancer Center University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
J Clin Oncol 27:344-51. 2009..We report results from the Prostate Cancer Radiotherapy and Exercise Versus Normal Treatment study examining the effects of 24 weeks of resistance or aerobic training versus usual ..
- Quality of life in obese postmenopausal womenG L Jones
Health Services Research Section, ScHARR, Sheffield, UK
Menopause Int 14:26-32. 2008..Thus, clinical management of obese postmenopausal women should focus on weight reduction and exercise in an attempt to improve wellbeing in these areas...
- Effective techniques in healthy eating and physical activity interventions: a meta-regressionSusan Michie
Centre for Outcomes Research and Effectiveness, University College London, UK
Health Psychol 28:690-701. 2009..This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of active BC interventions designed to promote physical activity and healthy eating and investigate whether theoretically specified BC techniques improve outcome...
- Exercise-based rehabilitation for patients with coronary heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trialsRod S Taylor
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Am J Med 116:682-92. 2004To review the effectiveness of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in patients with coronary heart disease.
- Physical activity and exercise recommendations for stroke survivors: an American Heart Association scientific statement from the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on CardiovasculaNeil F Gordon
Circulation 109:2031-41. 2004
- Effects of a workplace physical exercise intervention on the intensity of headache and neck and shoulder symptoms and upper extremity muscular strength of office workers: a cluster randomized controlled cross-over trialTuulikki Sjögren
Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyvaskyla, P O Box 35, FIN 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
Pain 116:119-28. 2005The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of a workplace physical exercise intervention on the perceived intensity of headache and the intensity of symptoms in the neck and shoulders, as well as on the extension and flexion ..
- The role of NF-kappaB in protein breakdown in immobilization, aging, and exercise: from basic processes to promotion of healthMarina Bar-Shai
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 9649, Haifa 31096, Israel
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1057:431-47. 2005..The activation of NF-kappaB has been observed also in muscles subjected to acute and intense exercise, implying that inflammatory processes may take place under the conditions of intense exercise...
- Evaluation of the SenseWear Pro Armband to assess energy expenditure during exerciseJohn M Jakicic
Physical Activity and Weight Management Research Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:897-904. 2004To assess the accuracy of the SenseWear Pro Armband for estimating energy expenditure during exercise.
- Total mortality after changes in leisure time physical activity in 50 year old men: 35 year follow-up of population based cohortLiisa Byberg
Department of Surgical Sciences, Section of Orthopaedics, and Uppsala Clinical Research Centre, Uppsala University, SE 75185 Uppsala, Sweden
BMJ 338:b688. 2009..To examine how change in level of physical activity after middle age influences mortality and to compare it with the effect of smoking cessation...
- Angiogenesis during exercise and trainingColin M Bloor
Department of Pathology, University of California, San Diego, California 92037, USA
Angiogenesis 8:263-71. 2005..the extracellular matrix to facilitate sprouting angiogenesis which is a major part of the angiogenesis seen in exercise and exercise training. A key role in angiogenesis is played by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...
- The effects of physical activity on serum C-reactive protein and inflammatory markers: a systematic reviewChristos Kasapis
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Connecticut, Farmington, Connecticut, USA
J Am Coll Cardiol 45:1563-9. 2005..We searched PubMed for articles published between 1975 through May 2004 using the terms exercise, physical activity, or physical fitness combined with C-reactive protein, inflammation, inflammatory markers, or ..
- Objectively measured light-intensity physical activity is independently associated with 2-h plasma glucoseGenevieve N Healy
Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
Diabetes Care 30:1384-9. 2007..We examined the associations of objectively measured sedentary time, light-intensity physical activity, and moderate- to vigorous-intensity activity with fasting and 2-h postchallenge plasma glucose in Australian adults...
- Exercise and bone mass in adultsAmelia Guadalupe-Grau
Department of Physical Education, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain
Sports Med 39:439-68. 2009There is a substantial body of evidence indicating that exercise prior to the pubertal growth spurt stimulates bone growth and skeletal muscle hypertrophy to a greater degree than observed during growth in non-physically active children...
- Effects of aerobic exercise on mild cognitive impairment: a controlled trialLaura D Baker
Departments of Psychiatry and BehavioralScience, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, USA
Arch Neurol 67:71-9. 2010To examine the effects of aerobic exercise on cognition and other biomarkers associated with Alzheimer disease pathology for older adults with mild cognitive impairment, and assess the role of sex as a predictor of response.
- Promoting physical activity participation among children and adolescentsJo Salmon
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
Epidemiol Rev 29:144-59. 2007..Further evidence of the effectiveness of interventions promoting young people's physical activity in family and community settings is needed...
- Barriers and motivations to exercise in older adultsKaren A Schutzer
Florida Atlantic University, Davie, FL 33314, USA
Prev Med 39:1056-61. 2004Although exercise is an established component in the management of many chronic diseases associated with aging, activity levels tend to progressively decline with increasing age...
- Exercise, physical fitness, and dietary habits of first-year female nursing studentsAmaia Irazusta
School of Nursing, , University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Bizkaia, Spain
Biol Res Nurs 7:175-86. 2006The objective of the present study was to evaluate the practice of regular physical exercise, the anthropometrical and physiological characteristics, and the dietary habits of a group of female nursing students (n=46) and of a control ..
- Correlations between physiological variables and performance in high level cross country off road cyclistsF M Impellizzeri
Human Performance Laboratory, S S Mapei, Castellanza 21053, Italy
Br J Sports Med 39:747-51. 2005..To examine the relations between maximal and submaximal indices of aerobic fitness and off road cycling performance in a homogeneous group of high level mountain bikers...
- Electrical stimulation of unloaded muscles causes cardiovascular exercise by increasing oxygen demandPrithwish Banerjee
Department of Academic Cardiology, University of Hull, Castle Hill Hospital, Cottingham, Kingston-upon-Hull, UK
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 12:503-8. 2005..The purpose of this study was to show that this form of EMS is capable of eliciting a cardiovascular exercise response in healthy adults. DESIGN: An observational study...
- Waist circumference and BMI are independently associated with the variation of cardio-respiratory and neuromuscular fitness in young adult menM Fogelholm
The UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland
Int J Obes (Lond) 30:962-9. 2006....
- [Physical (in)activity in childhood and adolescence]U Walter
Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Prävention und Rehabilitation in der System und Versorgungsforschung an der Abt Epidemiologie, Sozialmedizin und Gesundheitssystemforschung, 30623 Hannover
Dtsch Med Wochenschr 130:2876-8. 2005..International recommendations suggest daily 60 minutes or more moderate to vigorous physical activity and less than 2 hours sedentary activity in leisure...
- Effects of dominant somatotype on aerobic capacity trainabilityM Chaouachi
Laboratoire de Physiologie de la Nutrition, Faculte des Sciences de Tunis, El Manar 1060, Tunis, Tunisia
Br J Sports Med 39:954-9. 2005..This study examined the association between dominant somatotype and the effect on aerobic capacity variables of individualised aerobic interval training...
- Non-invasive assessment of oxidative capacity in young Indian men and women: a 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy studyPoonam Rana
NMR Research Centre, Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences INMAS, Defence R and D Organisation, Brig S K Mazumdar Marg, Timarpur, Delhi 110054, India
Indian J Biochem Biophys 45:263-8. 2008..Healthy subjects (8 young males and 9 females, age-matched) performed plantar flexion exercise within a magnet and MRS measurements of inorganic phosphate (Pi), phosphocreatine (PCr), ADP, and pH of the calf ..
- Effects of aerobic training on gene expression in skeletal muscle of elderly menShlomit Radom-Aizik
Pulmonary Institute, Tel Hashomer, Israel
Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:1680-96. 2005..It is highly likely that many of these genes are mediators of the beneficial effects of physical activity on health and fitness...
- Exercise training and heart rate variability in older adult female subjectsKenneth M Madden
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Seattle Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Seattle, Washington, USA
Clin Invest Med 29:20-8. 2006..In a randomized trial, this study sought to prospectively compare the effects of endurance and strength training on HRV in 45 healthy elderly females (average age 69.9 +/- 0.9 years)...
- Self-reported physical activity compared with maximal oxygen uptake in adultsMette Aadahl
Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Glostrup University Hospital, Glostrup, Denmark
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 14:422-8. 2007..Physical activity questionnaires are often validated against objectively measured maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max)...
- Myocellular triacylglycerol breakdown in females but not in males during exerciseCharlotte H Steffensen
Department of Human Physiology, Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 282:E634-42. 2002The resting content and use of myocellular triacylglycerol (MCTG) during 90 min of submaximal exercise [60% of peak oxygen uptake (VO(2 peak))] were studied in 21 eumenorrheic female and 21 male subjects at different training levels [..
- [Man's unhealthy behaviours--somatic and motor level]Janusz Brudecki
Katedra Antropologii, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego 31 571 Kraków
Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 57:141-6. 2006..Only standing board jump significantly depends from BMI category...
- Plasma lactate accumulation is reduced during incremental exercise in untrained women compared with untrained menCharli Sargent
Exercise Physiology Research Unit, Department of Physiology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia
Eur J Appl Physiol 101:91-6. 2007..not different between sexes, yet lower blood lactate concentrations have been reported in women during submaximal exercise. The purpose of the present study was to measure the changes in plasma lactate concentration [La(-1)] in men and ..
- The aerobic forearm exercise test, a non-invasive tool to screen for mitochondrial disordersAnn Meulemans
Center for Medical Genetics, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Acta Neurol Belg 107:78-83. 2007..Therefore, new approaches and diagnostic criteria are being developed. One of these tests is the aerobic forearm exercise test, a screening tool that can contribute to assess whether or not the patient suffers from a mitochondrial ..
- Effects of individual components of multiple behavior changes: the PREMIER trialEva Obarzanek
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7936, USA
Am J Health Behav 31:545-60. 2007..To assess contributions of individual lifestyle changes on systolic blood pressure (SBP) changes...
- Effect of adding exercise to a diet containing glucomannanWilliam J Kraemer
Department of Kinesiology, Human Performance Laboratory, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
Metabolism 56:1149-58. 2007The aim of this study was to examine the effect of adding a total-body exercise program to an 8-week diet supplemented with glucomannan on weight loss, body composition, blood parameters, and physical performance in overweight men and ..
- Neuromuscular and circulatory adaptation during combined arm and leg exercise with different maximal work loadsThibault Brink-Elfegoun
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Eur J Appl Physiol 101:603-11. 2007Cardiopulmonary kinetics and electromyographic activity (EMG) during exhausting exercise were measured in 8 males performing three maximal combined arm+leg exercises (cA+L)...
- Habitual physical activity, physical fitness and heart rate variability in preadolescentsM Buchheit
Louis Pasteur University of Strasbourg, Medical Faculty, Strasbourg, France
Int J Sports Med 28:204-10. 2007..study on 12-year-old preadolescents is to evaluate the association of two PA patterns, corresponding to different exercise intensities, with some health-related indexes...
- Lower extremity muscle size and strength and aerobic capacity decrease with caloric restriction but not with exercise-induced weight lossEdward P Weiss
Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
J Appl Physiol 102:634-40. 2007..These effects may not occur with exercise-induced weight loss (EX) because of the anabolic effects of exercise on heart and skeletal muscle...
- Need for population specific validation of a portable metabolic testing system: a case of sedentary pregnant womenSeonAe Yeo
University of Michigan, School of Nursing, Division of Health Promotion and Risk Reduction, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0482, USA
J Nurs Meas 13:207-18. 2005..Measurements, when repeated, were not consistent...
- Chocolate milk as a post-exercise recovery aidJason R Karp
Dept of Kinesiology and Applied Health Science, Human Performance Laboratory, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405, USA
Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 16:78-91. 2006..Immediately following the first exercise bout and 2 h of recovery, subjects drank isovolumic amounts of chocolate milk, fluid replacement drink (FR), or ..
- [Health-related fitness of sedentary elderly in the Netherlands]M de Greef
Interfacultair Centrum Bewegingswetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
Tijdschr Gerontol Geriatr 37:103-11. 2006..Deterioration in physical functioning may be improved through an exercise programme...
- [Maximal workload prediction models in the clinical cardio-pulmonary effort test]Fernando dos Santos Nogueira
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Arq Bras Cardiol 87:137-45. 2006..70 and 0.69, with standard errors of 28.4 and 15.8 Watts, respectively, for men and women. CONCLUSIONS: This study exhibits valid generalized equations for determining the maximal cycle ergonometer workload for men and women...
- RCT of exercise on aromatase inhibitor side effects in breast cancer survivorsMelinda L Irwin; Fiscal Year: 2010..Nonpharmacologic methods of managing the side effects of the AI's are especially desirable. Exercise has been shown to improve bone metabolism in healthy women, and to be beneficial for people with fibromyalgia, ..
- COX Inhibition & Musculoskeletal Responses to ExerciseWendy Kohrt; Fiscal Year: 2009..As noted by the new title, COX Inhibition & Musculoskeletal Responses to Exercise, the application is a continuation of the study of factors that influence bone and muscle metabolism in aging...
- RCT of exercise on aromatase inhibitor side effects in breast cancer survivorsMelinda Irwin; Fiscal Year: 2009..Nonpharmacologic methods of managing the side effects of the AI's are especially desirable. Exercise has been shown to improve bone metabolism in healthy women, and to be beneficial for people with fibromyalgia, ..
- Effects of Standardized Aerobic Exercise-Training on Neurocognitive and NeurodegeThomas Obisesan; Fiscal Year: 2009..to determine whether African Americans (AA) with mild AD (AD) can be enrolled and retained in a 6-month aerobic exercise-training study...
- Aging, Sex, and Neural Cardiovascular Control During Dynamic ExercisePAUL FADEL; Fiscal Year: 2009Older individuals are increasingly being encouraged to exercise to maintain their physical well being and independence...
- Integrative Cardiovascular Control During Exercise in HypertensionDONAL S O apos LEARY; Fiscal Year: 2010..Although the beneficial effects of daily exercise are well known, in patients with established hypertension abnormally large increases in sympathetic nerve ..
- ACETAMINOPHEN VS IBUPROFEN ON RENAL FUNCTION DURING EXERCISEW Kenney; Fiscal Year: 1999..b>Exercise, salt restriction, and/or dehydration cause transient reductions in renal functions that may be buffered by ..
- Effects of Standardized Aerobic Exercise-Training on Neurocognitive and NeurodegeThomas O Obisesan; Fiscal Year: 2010..to determine whether African Americans (AA) with mild AD (AD) can be enrolled and retained in a 6-month aerobic exercise-training study...
- Impact of exercise on ovarian cancer prognosisMelinda Irwin; Fiscal Year: 2009..Although the impact of exercise on ovarian cancer survival is unknown, it may play a role via weight control, since obesity has been shown in ..
- Exercise Training to Reduce Claudication: Arm Ergometry Versus Treadmill WalkingDIANE JEANETTE TREAT JACOBSON; Fiscal Year: 2010..Treadmill exercise training has been shown to be very effective at improving walking distance and functional status, with the ..
- Exercise Training to Reduce Claudication: Arm Ergometry Versus Treadmill WalkingDiane Treat Jacobson; Fiscal Year: 2009..Treadmill exercise training has been shown to be very effective at improving walking distance and functional status, with the ..
- HEART RATE RECOVERY AND MORTALITYMichael Lauer; Fiscal Year: 2002Although there has been considerable attention paid to the prognostic significance of the heart rate rise during exercise, only recently has it been noted that the heart rate fall after exercise, or "heart-rate recovery," may be an even ..
- Impact of Exercise on SarcopeniaJudd Aiken; Fiscal Year: 2009..Our data is consistent with a rapidly growing body of literature that indicates the level of exercise necessary for beneficial adaptation declines with age...
- COX Inhibition & Musculoskeletal Responses to ExerciseWendy Kohrt; Fiscal Year: 2007..As noted by the new title, COX Inhibition & Musculoskeletal Responses to Exercise, the application is a continuation of the study of factors that influence bone and muscle metabolism in aging...
- Exercise as a novel strategy to target methamphetamine-induced cerebrovascular toMICHAL J TOBOREK; Fiscal Year: 2010..b>Exercise is a modifiable behavioral factor known to have numerous health promoting effects that are mediated in part by an ..
- Aging, Sex, and Neural Cardiovascular Control During Dynamic ExercisePaul J Fadel; Fiscal Year: 2010Older individuals are increasingly being encouraged to exercise to maintain their physical well being and independence...
- Insulin sensitivity and fatty acid partitioning in skeletal muscle after exerciseJeffrey F Horowitz; Fiscal Year: 2010b>Exercise is a key component of the successful management of many obesity-related metabolic complications, including insulin resistance...
- The role of traumatic brain injury stress response on exercise therapyGRACE GRIESBACH; Fiscal Year: 2009..However most of the knowledge concerning the effects of exercise on recovery from TBI has been based on observation, and scientifically based research regarding the effects of ..
- The role of traumatic brain injury stress response on exercise therapyGrace Sophia Griesbach; Fiscal Year: 2010..However most of the knowledge concerning the effects of exercise on recovery from TBI has been based on observation, and scientifically based research regarding the effects of ..
- Integrated Teleconferencing Unit For Home-Based Interactive Exercise For EldersLAWRENCE KEYES; Fiscal Year: 2007Supervised group exercise has been shown to be an effective component for improving balance and preventing falls among elders who have suffered falls or exhibit a fear of falling due to frailty...