Genomes and Genes
Summary: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Publications301 found, 100 shown here
- International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validityCora L Craig
Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada
Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1381-95. 2003..The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was developed as an instrument for cross-national monitoring of physical activity and inactivity...
- Compendium of physical activities: an update of activity codes and MET intensitiesB E Ainsworth
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:S498-504. 2000..The updated version includes two new major headings of volunteer and religious activities, extends the number of specific activities from 477 to 605, and provides updated MET intensity levels for selected activities...
- Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metforminWilliam C Knowler
Diabetes Prevention Program Coordinating Center, Biostatistics Center, George Washington University, 6110 Executive Blvd, Suite 750, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
N Engl J Med 346:393-403. 2002..We hypothesized that modifying these factors with a lifestyle-intervention program or the administration of metformin would prevent or delay the development of diabetes...
- Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart AssociationWilliam L Haskell
Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5705, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1423-34. 2007..The Committee on Exercise and Cardiac Rehabilitation of the American Heart Association endorsed and supported these recommendations...
- Health benefits of physical activity: the evidenceDarren E R Warburton
School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, and the Healthy Heart Program, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
CMAJ 174:801-9. 2006..There appears to be a linear relation between physical activity and health status, such that a further increase in physical activity and fitness will lead to additional improvements in health status...
- Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle among subjects with impaired glucose toleranceJ Tuomilehto
Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
N Engl J Med 344:1343-50. 2001..Whether type 2 diabetes can be prevented by interventions that affect the lifestyles of subjects at high risk for the disease is not known...
- Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart AssociationWilliam L Haskell
Stanford University, USA
Circulation 116:1081-93. 2007..The Committee on Exercise and Cardiac Rehabilitation of the American Heart Association endorsed and supported these recommendations...
- Physical activity advice only or structured exercise training and association with HbA1c levels in type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysisDaniel Umpierre
Exercise Pathophysiology Research Laboratory, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil
JAMA 305:1790-9. 2011Regular exercise improves glucose control in diabetes, but the association of different exercise training interventions on glucose control is unclear.
- Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancyI Min Lee
Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
Lancet 380:219-29. 2012....
- Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public healthT Lobstein
IASO International Obesity TaskForce, 231 North Gower Street, London NW1 2NS, UK
Obes Rev 5:4-104. 2004
- Exercise training increases size of hippocampus and improves memoryKirk I Erickson
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:3017-22. 2011..adults, and physical activity training increases hippocampal perfusion, but the extent to which aerobic exercise training can modify hippocampal volume in late adulthood remains unknown...
- Role of low energy expenditure and sitting in obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseaseMarc T Hamilton
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
Diabetes 56:2655-67. 2007..have reached the historical pinnacle of physical inactivity, even in cohorts where people already do not perform exercise. Our purpose here is to examine the role of sedentary behaviors, especially sitting, on mortality, cardiovascular ..
- The anti-inflammatory effect of exerciseAnne Marie W Petersen
Dept of Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, Section 7641, Blegdamsvej 9, DK 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark
J Appl Physiol 98:1154-62. 2005Regular exercise offers protection against all-cause mortality, primarily by protection against cardiovascular disease and Type 2 diabetes mellitus...
- Neighborhood-based differences in physical activity: an environment scale evaluationBrian E Saelens
Division of Psychology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center and the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, MLC 3015, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
Am J Public Health 93:1552-8. 2003..This study evaluated a neighborhood environment survey and compared the physical activity and weight status of the residents in 2 neighborhoods...
- Reproducibility and relative validity of the short questionnaire to assess health-enhancing physical activityG C Wanda Wendel-Vos
Department for Chronic Diseases Epidemiology, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, P O Box 1, 3720 BA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
J Clin Epidemiol 56:1163-9. 2003..The purpose of this study is to determine reproducibility and relative validity of the Short QUestionnaire to ASsess Health-enhancing physical activity (SQUASH)...
- Exercise-induced oxidative stress: cellular mechanisms and impact on muscle force productionScott K Powers
Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
Physiol Rev 88:1243-76. 2008The first suggestion that physical exercise results in free radical-mediated damage to tissues appeared in 1978, and the past three decades have resulted in a large growth of knowledge regarding exercise and oxidative stress...
- Muscle as an endocrine organ: focus on muscle-derived interleukin-6Bente K Pedersen
The Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism at Department of Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, The Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Physiol Rev 88:1379-406. 2008..as a myokine because of the observation that it increases up to 100-fold in the circulation during physical exercise. Identification of IL-6 production by skeletal muscle during physical activity generated renewed interest in the ..
- Television watching and other sedentary behaviors in relation to risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus in womenFrank B Hu
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
JAMA 289:1785-91. 2003Current public health campaigns to reduce obesity and type 2 diabetes have largely focused on increasing exercise, but have paid little attention to the reduction of sedentary behaviors.
- Television viewing time and mortality: the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab)D W Dunstan
Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, 250 Kooyong Rd, Caulfield, Victoria, Australia 3162
Circulation 121:384-91. 2010..We examined the associations of prolonged television viewing time with all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, and non-CVD/noncancer mortality in Australian adults...
- A brief review on correlates of physical activity and sedentariness in youthKlazine van der Horst
EMGO Institute, Department of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1241-50. 2007..The main goal of this systematic review is to summarize and update the existing literature on correlates of young people's physical activity, insufficient physical activity, and sedentary behavior...
- Physical activity and public health in older adults: recommendation from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart AssociationMiriam E Nelson
John Hancock Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1435-45. 2007..To issue a recommendation on the types and amounts of physical activity needed to improve and maintain health in older adults...
- Acute exercise remodels promoter methylation in human skeletal muscleRomain Barres
Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
Cell Metab 15:405-11. 2012DNA methylation is a covalent biochemical modification controlling chromatin structure and gene expression. Exercise elicits gene expression changes that trigger structural and metabolic adaptations in skeletal muscle...
- Position statement. Part one: Immune function and exerciseNeil P Walsh
School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences, Bangor University, UK
Exerc Immunol Rev 17:6-63. 2011..volume of peer-reviewed publications speaks to the recent and rapid growth in both scope and understanding of exercise immunology...
- Effect of physical activity on cognitive function in older adults at risk for Alzheimer disease: a randomized trialNicola T Lautenschlager
WA Centre for Health and Ageing, University of Western Australia, Melbourne, Australia
JAMA 300:1027-37. 2008..Many observational studies have shown that physical activity reduces the risk of cognitive decline; however, evidence from randomized trials is lacking...
- An ecological approach to creating active living communitiesJames F Sallis
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92103, USA
Annu Rev Public Health 27:297-322. 2006..Collaborations with policy researchers may improve the likelihood of translating research findings into changes in environments, policies, and practices...
- Antioxidants prevent health-promoting effects of physical exercise in humansMichael Ristow
Department of Human Nutrition, Institute of Nutrition, University of Jena, Jena D 07743, Germany
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:8665-70. 2009b>Exercise promotes longevity and ameliorates type 2 diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance. However, exercise also increases mitochondrial formation of presumably harmful reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
- The role of exercise and PGC1alpha in inflammation and chronic diseaseChristoph Handschin
Institute of Physiology and Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology ZIHP, University of Zurich, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Nature 454:463-9. 2008..The transcriptional coactivator PGC1alpha has recently been shown to regulate several exercise-associated aspects of muscle function...
- Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control studySalim Yusuf
Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton General Hospital, 237 Barton Street East, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8L 2X2
Lancet 364:937-52. 2004..Therefore, the effect of such factors on risk of coronary heart disease in most regions of the world is unknown...
- Objectively measured sedentary time, physical activity, and metabolic risk: the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab)Genevieve N Healy
School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
Diabetes Care 31:369-71. 2008..We examined the associations of objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity with continuous indexes of metabolic risk in Australian adults without known diabetes...
- Potential environmental determinants of physical activity in adults: a systematic reviewW Wendel-Vos
Centre for Prevention and Health Services Research, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Obes Rev 8:425-40. 2007..However, most studies used cross-sectional designs and non-validated measures of environments and/or behaviour. Therefore, no strong conclusions can be drawn and more research of better quality is clearly needed...
- An update of controlled physical activity trials in cancer survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysisRebecca M Speck
Division of Clinical Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
J Cancer Surviv 4:87-100. 2010..Activity prescriptions for cancer survivors rely on evidence as to whether exercise during or after treatment results in improved health outcomes...
- Calibration of two objective measures of physical activity for childrenKelly R Evenson
Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill 27514 USA
J Sports Sci 26:1557-65. 2008..This calibration study, using indirect calorimetry, suggests that the two accelerometers can be used to distinguish differing levels of physical activity intensity as well as inactivity among children 5 to 8 years of age...
- Amount of time spent in sedentary behaviors and cause-specific mortality in US adultsCharles E Matthews
Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 95:437-45. 2012..Sedentary behaviors predominate modern life, yet we do not fully understand the adverse effects of these behaviors on mortality after considering the benefits of moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
- A review of correlates of physical activity of children and adolescentsJ F Sallis
Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University University of California, 92120, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:963-75. 2000..Understanding the factors that influence physical activity can aid the design of more effective interventions. Previous reviews of correlates of youth physical activity have produced conflicting results...
- Limits to the measurement of habitual physical activity by questionnairesR J Shephard
Br J Sports Med 37:197-206; discussion 206. 2003..However, attempts at detailed interpretation in terms of exercise dosage and the extent of resulting health benefits seem premature...
- Leisure time spent sitting in relation to total mortality in a prospective cohort of US adultsAlpa V Patel
Epidemiology Research Program, American Cancer Society, 250 Williams Street NW, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
Am J Epidemiol 172:419-29. 2010..The time spent sitting was independently associated with total mortality, regardless of physical activity level. Public health messages should include both being physically active and reducing time spent sitting...
- Effective techniques in healthy eating and physical activity interventions: a meta-regressionSusan Michie
Centre for Outcomes Research and Effectiveness, University College London, UK
Health Psychol 28:690-701. 2009..This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of active BC interventions designed to promote physical activity and healthy eating and investigate whether theoretically specified BC techniques improve outcome...
- The anti-inflammatory effects of exercise: mechanisms and implications for the prevention and treatment of diseaseMichael Gleeson
Inflammation, Exercise and Metabolism Research Group, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Ashby Road, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK
Nat Rev Immunol 11:607-15. 2011Regular exercise reduces the risk of chronic metabolic and cardiorespiratory diseases, in part because exercise exerts anti-inflammatory effects...
- Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospectsPedro C Hallal
Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brazil
Lancet 380:247-57. 2012..Continued improvement in monitoring of physical activity would help to guide development of policies and programmes to increase activity levels and to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases...
- Using pedometers to increase physical activity and improve health: a systematic reviewDena M Bravata
Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
JAMA 298:2296-304. 2007..Without detailed evidence of their effectiveness, pedometers have recently become popular as a tool for motivating physical activity...
- Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity from ages 9 to 15 yearsPhilip R Nader
Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, CA 92093 0927, USA
JAMA 300:295-305. 2008..Although at least 60 minutes per day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is recommended, few longitudinal studies have determined the recent patterns of physical activity of youth...
- What proportion of youth are physically active? Measurement issues, levels and recent time trendsUlf Ekelund
MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrookes Hospital, Box 285, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK
Br J Sports Med 45:859-65. 2011..Current levels and temporal trends in PA and sport participation and the effect of assessment method on data interpretation will be summarised...
- Physical activity and television watching in relation to risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in menF B Hu
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Arch Intern Med 161:1542-8. 2001..Television (TV) watching, a major sedentary behavior in the United States, has been associated with obesity. We hypothesized that prolonged TV watching may increase risk for type 2 diabetes...
- Objectively measured light-intensity physical activity is independently associated with 2-h plasma glucoseGenevieve N Healy
Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
Diabetes Care 30:1384-9. 2007..We examined the associations of objectively measured sedentary time, light-intensity physical activity, and moderate- to vigorous-intensity activity with fasting and 2-h postchallenge plasma glucose in Australian adults...
- Global nutrition dynamics: the world is shifting rapidly toward a diet linked with noncommunicable diseasesBarry M Popkin
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 84:289-98. 2006..The challenge to global health is clear...
- Systematic review of school-based interventions that focus on changing dietary intake and physical activity levels to prevent childhood obesity: an update to the obesity guidance produced by the National Institute for Health and Clinical ExcellenceT Brown
School of Health and Social Care, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, UK
Obes Rev 10:110-41. 2009..Physical activity interventions, particularly in girls in primary schools, may help to prevent these children from becoming overweight in the short term...
- Exercise-based rehabilitation for patients with coronary heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trialsRod S Taylor
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Am J Med 116:682-92. 2004To review the effectiveness of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in patients with coronary heart disease.
- The ABC of Physical Activity for Health: a consensus statement from the British Association of Sport and Exercise SciencesGary O'Donovan
School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
J Sports Sci 28:573-91. 2010..Therefore, the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences convened a panel of experts to review the literature and produce guidelines that health professionals ..
- Reducing children's television viewing to prevent obesity: a randomized controlled trialT N Robinson
Department of Pediatrics, Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, Calif 94304, USA
JAMA 282:1561-7. 1999..Some observational studies have found an association between television viewing and child and adolescent adiposity...
- Age-related differences in the dose-response relationship of muscle protein synthesis to resistance exercise in young and old menVinod Kumar
University of Nottingham, School of Graduate Entry Medicine and Health, City Hospital, Uttoxeter Road, Derby, DE22 3DT, UK
J Physiol 587:211-7. 2009..We investigated how myofibrillar protein synthesis (MPS) and muscle anabolic signalling were affected by resistance exercise at 20-90% of 1 repetition maximum (1 RM) in two groups (25 each) of post-absorptive, healthy, young (24 +/- 6 ..
- Effectiveness of interventions to promote physical activity in children and adolescents: systematic review of controlled trialsEsther M F van Sluijs
Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Sciences, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 0QQ
BMJ 335:703. 2007..To review the published literature on the effectiveness of interventions to promote physical activity in children and adolescents...
- Effect of beta-alanine supplementation on muscle carnosine concentrations and exercise performanceCraig Sale
School of Science and Technology, Nottingham Trent University, Clifton Lane, Nottingham, NG11 8NS, UK
Amino Acids 39:321-33. 2010High-intensity exercise results in reduced substrate levels and accumulation of metabolites in the skeletal muscle. The accumulation of these metabolites (e.g...
- Superior cardiovascular effect of aerobic interval training versus moderate continuous training in heart failure patients: a randomized studyUlrik Wisløff
Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Olav Kyrres gt 9, 7489 Trondheim, Norway
Circulation 115:3086-94. 2007b>Exercise training reduces the symptoms of chronic heart failure. Which exercise intensity yields maximal beneficial adaptations is controversial...
- Exercise and diet enhance fat oxidation and reduce insulin resistance in older obese adultsThomas P J Solomon
Department of Pathobiology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave NE 40, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
J Appl Physiol (1985) 104:1313-9. 2008Older, obese, and sedentary individuals are at high risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Exercise training improves metabolic anomalies associated with such diseases, but the effects of caloric restriction in addition ..
- Test-retest reliability and construct validity of the ENERGY-child questionnaire on energy balance-related behaviours and their potential determinants: the ENERGY-projectAmika S Singh
VU University Medical Center, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Dpt, of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:136. 2011..Therefore, reliable and valid tools to measure these variables in large-scale population research are needed...
- Be smart, exercise your heart: exercise effects on brain and cognitionCharles H Hillman
Charles H Hillman is at the Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, 213 Louise Freer Hall, 906 South Goodwin Avenue, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
Nat Rev Neurosci 9:58-65. 2008..literature has documented the beneficial influence of physical activity engendered through aerobic exercise on selective aspects of brain function...
- Effects of exercise on glycemic control and body mass in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis of controlled clinical trialsN G Boulé
Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Ottawa Health Research Institute, 1053 Carling Ave, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1Y 4E9
JAMA 286:1218-27. 2001b>Exercise is widely perceived to be beneficial for glycemic control and weight loss in patients with type 2 diabetes...
- Exercise: a behavioral intervention to enhance brain health and plasticityCarl W Cotman
Institute for Brain Aging and Dementia, Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 4540, USA
Trends Neurosci 25:295-301. 2002Extensive research on humans suggests that exercise could have benefits for overall health and cognitive function, particularly in later life...
- The diseasome of physical inactivity--and the role of myokines in muscle--fat cross talkBente K Pedersen
Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism, Rigshospitalet Section 7641, Blegdamsvej 9, DK 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark
J Physiol 587:5559-68. 2009..Evidence suggests that the protective effect of exercise may to some extent be ascribed to the anti-inflammatory effect of regular exercise, which can be mediated via a ..
- Spinal and supraspinal factors in human muscle fatigueS C Gandevia
Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, Prince of Wales Hospital and University of New South Wales, Randwick, Sydney, Australia
Physiol Rev 81:1725-89. 2001Muscle fatigue is an exercise-induced reduction in maximal voluntary muscle force...
- Exercise, glucose transport, and insulin sensitivityL J Goodyear
Research Division, Joslin Diabetes Center, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Annu Rev Med 49:235-61. 1998Physical exercise can be an important adjunct in the treatment of both non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus...
- The effects of physical activity on serum C-reactive protein and inflammatory markers: a systematic reviewChristos Kasapis
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Connecticut, Farmington, Connecticut, USA
J Am Coll Cardiol 45:1563-9. 2005..We searched PubMed for articles published between 1975 through May 2004 using the terms exercise, physical activity, or physical fitness combined with C-reactive protein, inflammation, inflammatory markers, or ..
- Physical activity from childhood to adulthood: a 21-year tracking studyRisto Telama
LIKES Research Center, Keltavuokko 4C, 40520 Jyväskylä, Finland
Am J Prev Med 28:267-73. 2005....
- Comparison of overweight and obesity prevalence in school-aged youth from 34 countries and their relationships with physical activity and dietary patternsI Janssen
Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
Obes Rev 6:123-32. 2005..Increasing physical activity participation and decreasing television viewing should be the focus of strategies aimed at preventing and treating overweight and obesity in youth...
- Lifestyle, diabetes, and cardiovascular risk factors 10 years after bariatric surgeryLars Sjöström
Department of Body Composition and Metabolism, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
N Engl J Med 351:2683-93. 2004..Weight loss is associated with short-term amelioration and prevention of metabolic and cardiovascular risk, but whether these benefits persist over time is unknown...
- Effective exercise for the prevention of falls: a systematic review and meta-analysisCatherine Sherrington
Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for International Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
J Am Geriatr Soc 56:2234-43. 2008To determine the effects of exercise on falls prevention in older people and establish whether particular trial characteristics or components of exercise programs are associated with larger reductions in falls.
- Older adults, chronic disease and leisure-time physical activityMaureen C Ashe
Rehabilitation Research Laboratory, GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, University of British Columbia, Canada
Gerontology 55:64-72. 2009..However, there is limited information on current physical activity levels for older adults and even less for those with chronic diseases...
- Defining accelerometer thresholds for activity intensities in adolescent girlsMargarita S Treuth
Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1259-66. 2004....
- Effect of aerobic exercise on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trialsSeamus P Whelton
Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
Ann Intern Med 136:493-503. 2002..This meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials was conducted to determine the effect of aerobic exercise on blood pressure.
- Sedentary behaviour and obesity development in children and adolescentsJuan Pablo Rey-López
HELENA Study Group, School of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Edificio Cervantes, 2nd Floor, C Corona de Aragón 42, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 18:242-51. 2008..Mechanisms that explain the link between sedentariness and obesity are also discussed. Finally, future studies should take into account important mediators such as socioeconomic status and family structure...
- European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: executive summary: Fourth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice (Constituted by rIan Graham
Department of Cardiology, Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
Eur Heart J 28:2375-414. 2007
- Moderate exercise is an antioxidant: upregulation of antioxidant genes by trainingMari Carmen Gomez-Cabrera
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Valencia, Blasco Ibañez, 15, 46010 Valencia, Spain
Free Radic Biol Med 44:126-31. 2008b>Exercise causes oxidative stress only when exhaustive. Strenuous exercise causes oxidation of glutathione, release of cytosolic enzymes, and other signs of cell damage...
- Effects of exercise programs to prevent decline in health-related quality of life in highly deconditioned institutionalized elderly persons: a randomized controlled trialArnaud Dechamps
Department of Physical Activity and Exercise Psychology, LACES 4140, Faculte des Sciences du Sport, Bordeaux, France
Arch Intern Med 170:162-9. 2010Our objective was to assess the effects of targeted exercise programs on health-related quality of life compared with usual care based on the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory scores in ..
- Using self-determination theory to promote physical activity and weight control: a randomized controlled trial in womenMarlene N Silva
Faculty of Human Kinetics, Technical University of Lisbon, Estrada da Costa, Cruz Quebrada, 1495 688, Lisbon, Portugal
J Behav Med 33:110-22. 2010..intervention based on self-determination theory (SDT) on theory-based psychosocial mediators, physical activity/exercise, and body weight and composition. Participants were 239 women (37.6 +/- 7.1 years; 31.5 +/- 4...
- Is housework good for health? Levels of physical activity and factors associated with activity in elderly women. Results from the British Women's Heart and Health StudyD A Lawlor
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 56:473-8. 2002..To determine the prevalence of achieving new recommended levels of physical activity, the types of activity involved, and their determinants among elderly British women...
- Exercise builds brain health: key roles of growth factor cascades and inflammationCarl W Cotman
University of California, Irvine Institute for Brain Aging and Dementia, 1113 Gillespie Building, Irvine, CA 92617 4540, USA
Trends Neurosci 30:464-72. 2007Human and other animal studies demonstrate that exercise targets many aspects of brain function and has broad effects on overall brain health...
- Effect of exercise on total and intra-abdominal body fat in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trialMelinda L Irwin
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn, USA
JAMA 289:323-30. 2003..The increasing prevalence of obesity is a major public health concern. Physical activity may promote weight and body fat loss...
- Aerobic exercise training increases brain volume in aging humansStanley J Colcombe
Beckman Institute, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 61:1166-70. 2006..The present study examined whether aerobic fitness training of older humans can increase brain volume in regions associated with age-related decline in both brain structure and cognition...
- Gene X environment interaction of vigorous exercise and body mass index among male Vietnam-era twinsJeanne M McCaffery
Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, Brown Medical School and The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI 02903, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1011-8. 2009..However, twin models that incorporate a gene-environment correlation and gene x environment interaction have not been applied to elucidate specific environmental factors that affect the heritability of BMI...
- Interventions to promote walking: systematic reviewDavid Ogilvie
Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow G12 8RZ
BMJ 334:1204. 2007..To assess the effects of interventions to promote walking in individuals and populations...
- The continuing epidemics of obesity and diabetes in the United StatesA H Mokdad
Data Management Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS E62, 1600 Clifton Rd, NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
JAMA 286:1195-200. 2001..Recent reports show that obesity and diabetes have increased in the United States in the past decade...
- The effect of social desirability and social approval on self-reports of physical activitySwann Arp Adams
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29203, USA
Am J Epidemiol 161:389-98. 2005..30, 0.005). Body size was not associated with reporting bias in this study. The authors conclude that social desirability and social approval may influence self-reported physical activity on some survey instruments...
- Objective measurement of physical activity and sedentary behaviour: review with new dataJ J Reilly
University Division of Developmental Medicine, 1st Floor Tower Block QMH, Yorkhill Hospitals, Glasgow G3 8SJ, Scotland
Arch Dis Child 93:614-9. 2008..We also consider unresolved practical issues in paediatric accelerometry by critically reviewing the existing evidence and by providing new evidence...
- Physical activity assessment in children and adolescentsJ R Sirard
Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
Sports Med 31:439-54. 2001....
- BMI-referenced standards for recommended pedometer-determined steps/day in childrenCatrine Tudor-Locke
Department of Exercise and Wellness, Arizona State University East, Mesa, AZ 85212 0180, USA
Prev Med 38:857-64. 2004..The purpose of the present study was to establish criterion-referenced standards for PA (using pedometer-assessed steps/day) related to healthy body composition...
- Exercise and type 2 diabetes: the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Diabetes Association: joint position statementSheri R Colberg
Human Movement Sciences Department, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
Diabetes Care 33:e147-67. 2010..High-quality studies establishing the importance of exercise and fitness in diabetes were lacking until recently, but it is now well established that participation in regular ..
- Associations between objectively assessed physical activity and indicators of body fatness in 9- to 10-y-old European children: a population-based study from 4 distinct regions in Europe (the European Youth Heart Study)Ulf Ekelund
MRC Epidemiology Unit, Strangeways Research Laboratories, Wort s Causeway, Cambridge CB1 8RN, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 80:584-90. 2004..The rising prevalence of obesity in children may be due to a reduction in physical activity (PA)...
- Exercise training versus diet-induced weight-loss on metabolic risk factors and inflammatory markers in obese subjects: a 12-week randomized intervention studyTore Christiansen
Dept of Medicine and Endocrinology C, Aarhus Univ Hospital, Aarhus Sygehus, Denmark
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 298:E824-31. 2010The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise training and diet-induced weight loss alone or in combination on inflammatory markers in circulation, in adipose tissue (AT) and in skeletal muscle (SM) in obese subjects...
- The effect of exercise training on anxiety symptoms among patients: a systematic reviewMatthew P Herring
Department of Kinesiology, Ramsey Center, The University of Georgia, 330 River Road, Athens, GA 30602 6554, USA
Arch Intern Med 170:321-31. 2010Anxiety often remains unrecognized or untreated among patients with a chronic illness. Exercise training may help improve anxiety symptoms among patients...
- Evidence for microRNA involvement in exercise-associated neutrophil gene expression changesShlomit Radom-Aizik
Pediatric Exercise Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, University Children s Hospital, University of California Irvine, Orange, CA 92868, USA
J Appl Physiol (1985) 109:252-61. 2010b>Exercise leads to a rapid change in the profile of gene expression in circulating neutrophils. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been discovered to play important roles in immune function and often act to attenuate or silence gene translation...
- Physical activity and likelihood of depression in adults: a reviewMegan Teychenne
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, Vic, Melbourne, Australia
Prev Med 46:397-411. 2008..This review examines original research which has investigated associations between physical activity (PA) dose (i.e. frequency, intensity and duration) and domain and depression or symptoms of depression in adults...
- Increase in kinins on post-exercise hypotension in normotensive and hypertensive volunteersMilton R Moraes
Department of Biophysics, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Biol Chem 388:533-40. 2007Post-exercise hypotension is an important event for blood pressure regulation, especially in hypertensive individuals. Although post-exercise hypotension is a well-known phenomenon, the mechanism responsible is still unclear...
- Quality of life in obese postmenopausal womenG L Jones
Health Services Research Section, ScHARR, Sheffield, UK
Menopause Int 14:26-32. 2008..Thus, clinical management of obese postmenopausal women should focus on weight reduction and exercise in an attempt to improve wellbeing in these areas...
- Leukocyte telomere length is preserved with aging in endurance exercise-trained adults and related to maximal aerobic capacityThomas J Larocca
Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
Mech Ageing Dev 131:165-7. 2010..To determine if age-associated reductions in TL are related to habitual endurance exercise and maximal aerobic exercise capacity (maximal oxygen consumption, VO(2)max), we studied groups of young (18-32 ..
- Antioxidant response to oxidative stress induced by exhaustive exerciseAntoni Aguilo
Laboratori de Ciències de l Activitat Física and Department de Biologia Fonamental i Ciències de la Salut, Edifici Guillem Colom, Facultat de Ciencies, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca, Balears, Spain
Physiol Behav 84:1-7. 2005The aim of this work was to demonstrate the occurrence of oxidative stress during exhaustive exercise and to determine the antioxidant response. Eight voluntary male subjects participated in this study...
- Randomized controlled trial of resistance or aerobic exercise in men receiving radiation therapy for prostate cancerRoanne J Segal
Ottawa Hospital Regional Cancer Center University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
J Clin Oncol 27:344-51. 2009..We report results from the Prostate Cancer Radiotherapy and Exercise Versus Normal Treatment study examining the effects of 24 weeks of resistance or aerobic training versus usual ..
- PGC-1alpha regulation by exercise training and its influences on muscle function and insulin sensitivityVitor A Lira
Center for Skeletal Muscle Research, Robert M Berne Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, USA
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 299:E145-61. 2010..proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1alpha) is a major regulator of exercise-induced phenotypic adaptation and substrate utilization...
- Circulating ghrelin is sensitive to changes in body weight during a diet and exercise program in normal-weight young womenH J Leidy
Noll Physiological Research Center and the Department of Kinesiology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:2659-64. 2004..We examined the effects of a 3-month energy deficit-imposing diet and exercise intervention on circulating ghrelin in normal-weight, healthy women...
- Angiogenesis during exercise and trainingColin M Bloor
Department of Pathology, University of California, San Diego, California 92037, USA
Angiogenesis 8:263-71. 2005..the extracellular matrix to facilitate sprouting angiogenesis which is a major part of the angiogenesis seen in exercise and exercise training. A key role in angiogenesis is played by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...
- Physical activity and exercise recommendations for stroke survivors: an American Heart Association scientific statement from the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on CardiovasculaNeil F Gordon
Circulation 109:2031-41. 2004
- Effects of a workplace physical exercise intervention on the intensity of headache and neck and shoulder symptoms and upper extremity muscular strength of office workers: a cluster randomized controlled cross-over trialTuulikki Sjögren
Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyvaskyla, P O Box 35, FIN 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
Pain 116:119-28. 2005The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of a workplace physical exercise intervention on the perceived intensity of headache and the intensity of symptoms in the neck and shoulders, as well as on the extension and flexion ..
- RCT of exercise on aromatase inhibitor side effects in breast cancer survivorsMelinda L Irwin; Fiscal Year: 2010..Nonpharmacologic methods of managing the side effects of the AI's are especially desirable. Exercise has been shown to improve bone metabolism in healthy women, and to be beneficial for people with fibromyalgia, ..
- COX Inhibition & Musculoskeletal Responses to ExerciseWendy Kohrt; Fiscal Year: 2009..As noted by the new title, COX Inhibition & Musculoskeletal Responses to Exercise, the application is a continuation of the study of factors that influence bone and muscle metabolism in aging...
- RCT of exercise on aromatase inhibitor side effects in breast cancer survivorsMelinda Irwin; Fiscal Year: 2009..Nonpharmacologic methods of managing the side effects of the AI's are especially desirable. Exercise has been shown to improve bone metabolism in healthy women, and to be beneficial for people with fibromyalgia, ..
- Effects of Standardized Aerobic Exercise-Training on Neurocognitive and NeurodegeThomas Obisesan; Fiscal Year: 2009..to determine whether African Americans (AA) with mild AD (AD) can be enrolled and retained in a 6-month aerobic exercise-training study...
- Aging, Sex, and Neural Cardiovascular Control During Dynamic ExercisePAUL FADEL; Fiscal Year: 2009Older individuals are increasingly being encouraged to exercise to maintain their physical well being and independence...
- Integrative Cardiovascular Control During Exercise in HypertensionDONAL S O apos LEARY; Fiscal Year: 2010..Although the beneficial effects of daily exercise are well known, in patients with established hypertension abnormally large increases in sympathetic nerve ..
- ACETAMINOPHEN VS IBUPROFEN ON RENAL FUNCTION DURING EXERCISEW Kenney; Fiscal Year: 1999..b>Exercise, salt restriction, and/or dehydration cause transient reductions in renal functions that may be buffered by ..
- Effects of Standardized Aerobic Exercise-Training on Neurocognitive and NeurodegeThomas O Obisesan; Fiscal Year: 2010..to determine whether African Americans (AA) with mild AD (AD) can be enrolled and retained in a 6-month aerobic exercise-training study...
- Impact of exercise on ovarian cancer prognosisMelinda Irwin; Fiscal Year: 2009..Although the impact of exercise on ovarian cancer survival is unknown, it may play a role via weight control, since obesity has been shown in ..
- Exercise Training to Reduce Claudication: Arm Ergometry Versus Treadmill WalkingDIANE JEANETTE TREAT JACOBSON; Fiscal Year: 2010..Treadmill exercise training has been shown to be very effective at improving walking distance and functional status, with the ..
- Exercise Training to Reduce Claudication: Arm Ergometry Versus Treadmill WalkingDiane Treat Jacobson; Fiscal Year: 2009..Treadmill exercise training has been shown to be very effective at improving walking distance and functional status, with the ..
- HEART RATE RECOVERY AND MORTALITYMichael Lauer; Fiscal Year: 2002Although there has been considerable attention paid to the prognostic significance of the heart rate rise during exercise, only recently has it been noted that the heart rate fall after exercise, or "heart-rate recovery," may be an even ..
- Impact of Exercise on SarcopeniaJudd Aiken; Fiscal Year: 2009..Our data is consistent with a rapidly growing body of literature that indicates the level of exercise necessary for beneficial adaptation declines with age...
- COX Inhibition & Musculoskeletal Responses to ExerciseWendy Kohrt; Fiscal Year: 2007..As noted by the new title, COX Inhibition & Musculoskeletal Responses to Exercise, the application is a continuation of the study of factors that influence bone and muscle metabolism in aging...
- Aging, Sex, and Neural Cardiovascular Control During Dynamic ExercisePaul J Fadel; Fiscal Year: 2010Older individuals are increasingly being encouraged to exercise to maintain their physical well being and independence...
- Exercise as a novel strategy to target methamphetamine-induced cerebrovascular toMICHAL J TOBOREK; Fiscal Year: 2010..b>Exercise is a modifiable behavioral factor known to have numerous health promoting effects that are mediated in part by an ..
- Insulin sensitivity and fatty acid partitioning in skeletal muscle after exerciseJeffrey F Horowitz; Fiscal Year: 2010b>Exercise is a key component of the successful management of many obesity-related metabolic complications, including insulin resistance...
- The role of traumatic brain injury stress response on exercise therapyGRACE GRIESBACH; Fiscal Year: 2009..However most of the knowledge concerning the effects of exercise on recovery from TBI has been based on observation, and scientifically based research regarding the effects of ..
- The role of traumatic brain injury stress response on exercise therapyGrace Sophia Griesbach; Fiscal Year: 2010..However most of the knowledge concerning the effects of exercise on recovery from TBI has been based on observation, and scientifically based research regarding the effects of ..
- Integrated Teleconferencing Unit For Home-Based Interactive Exercise For EldersLAWRENCE KEYES; Fiscal Year: 2007Supervised group exercise has been shown to be an effective component for improving balance and preventing falls among elders who have suffered falls or exhibit a fear of falling due to frailty...