Summary: The use of persons coached to feign symptoms or conditions of real diseases in a life-like manner in order to teach or evaluate medical personnel.
Publications254 found, 100 shown here
- The evolution of simulation and its contribution to competencySharon Decker
School of Nursing, Regional Interdisciplinary Simulation Center, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas 79430, USA
J Contin Educ Nurs 39:74-80. 2008..Numerous pressures exist for clinical settings to document the competencies of their employees. Simulation could be used in the practice environment to promote and validate the clinical judgment and competency of nurses...
- Human patient simulation is effective for teaching paramedic students endotracheal intubationRobert E Hall
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Acad Emerg Med 12:850-5. 2005..The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether the endotracheal intubation (ETI) success rate is different among paramedic students trained on a human patient simulator versus on human subjects in the operating room (OR)...
- Intimate examination teaching with volunteers: implementation and assessment at the University of AntwerpKristin Hendrickx
Skillslaboratory, University Hospital of Antwerp and University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Antwerp, Belgium
Patient Educ Couns 63:47-54. 2006..They learn gynaecological and urological skills in healthy volunteers. Technical, communicative and attitude aspects are taken into account...
- Elective course in acute care using online learning and patient simulationAmy L Seybert
University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy, USA
Am J Pharm Educ 75:54. 2011To enhance students' knowledge of and critical-thinking skills in the management of acutely ill patients using online independent learning partnered with high-fidelity patient simulation sessions.
- A human factors analysis of technical and team skills among surgical trainees during procedural simulations in a simulated operating theatreKrishna Moorthy
Imperial College St Mary s Hospital Simulation Group, Department of Surgical Oncology and Technology, Imperial College, London
Ann Surg 242:631-9. 2005..High-risk organizations such as aviation rely on simulations for the training and assessment of technical and team performance. The aim of this study was to develop a simulated environment for surgical trainees using similar principles...
- Development of a formative assessment tool for measurement of performance in multi-professional resuscitation teamsPeter Oluf Andersen
Danish Institute for Medical Simulation, Herlev Hospital, Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark
Resuscitation 81:703-11. 2010....
- Virtual patients: a critical literature review and proposed next stepsDavid A Cook
Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
Med Educ 43:303-11. 2009..Virtual patients (VPs), which take the form of interactive computer-based clinical scenarios, may help to reconcile this paradox...
- A structured literature review on the use of high fidelity patient simulators for teaching in emergency medicineJ McFetrich
Northumbria Healthcare Trust, Stocksfield, Northumberland, UK
Emerg Med J 23:509-11. 2006..This literature review examines the use of simulators for teaching in emergency medicine and covers some of their advantages and disadvantages, and evidence for their use...
- Professionalism and communication in the intensive care unit: reliability and validity of a simulated family conferenceConstance C Schmitz
Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
Simul Healthc 3:224-38. 2008..The study explores reliability and validity based on scores from contrasting rater groups (clinicians, SPs, and examinees)...
- Features and uses of high-fidelity medical simulations that lead to effective learning: a BEME systematic reviewS Barry Issenberg
Center for Research in Medical Education, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA
Med Teach 27:10-28. 2005..1969 to 2003, 34 years...
- Measuring clinical practice parameters with human patient simulation: a pilot studyKavita Radhakrishnan
University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA
Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh 4:Article8. 2007..009). The control and intervention groups' performances were similar in every other category. Replication of this pilot with a larger sample is recommended...
- Educational and research implications of portable human patient simulation in acute care medicineLeo Kobayashi
Department of Emergency Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
Acad Emerg Med 15:1166-74. 2008..The use of portable manikins and associated techniques may increasingly complement established instructional measures and research programs at acute care institutions and simulation centers...
- Using high-fidelity patient simulation and an advanced distance education network to teach pharmacology to second-year medical studentsDarin K Via
Department of Anesthesiology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
J Clin Anesth 16:144-51. 2004....
- Fostering patient safety competencies using multiple-patient simulation experiencesPamela M Ironside
Center for Research in Nursing Education at Indiana University School of Nursing, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
Nurs Outlook 57:332-7. 2009This multisite study examined the impact of multiple-patient simulation experiences on the development of nursing students' patient safety competencies in the final semester of their baccalaureate or associate degree nursing program...
- An objective structured clinical examination for evaluating psychiatric clinical clerksB Hodges
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine, Ontario, Canada
Acad Med 72:715-21. 1997..To assess the feasibility, reliability, and validity of an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) for psychiatric clinical clerks...
- Unnecessary interruptions of cardiac massage during simulated cardiac arrestsS C U Marsch
University of Basel, Medical Intensive Care Unit, Basel, Switzerland
Eur J Anaesthesiol 22:831-3. 2005..CONCLUSIONS: The present study identified a significant amount of unnecessary interruptions in cardiac massage. These interruptions were not noticed by the health-care workers involved...
- Training for shoulder dystocia: a trial of simulation using low-fidelity and high-fidelity mannequinsJoanna F Crofts
Simulation and Fire-drill Evaluation (SaFE) Study, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, North Bristol National Health Service Trust, Southmead Hospital, and University Department of Clinical Sciences at South Bristol, University of Bristol, UK
Obstet Gynecol 108:1477-85. 2006..All training with mannequins improved the management of simulated shoulder dystocia. Training on a high-fidelity mannequin, including force perception teaching, offered additional training benefits. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: I...
- Transfer of communication skills training from workshop to workplace: the impact of clinical supervisionCathy Heaven
Cancer Research UK Psychological Medicine Group, Manchester, UK
Patient Educ Couns 60:313-25. 2006..This paper reports a study which investigated the potential of clinical supervision in enhancing the transfer process...
- Training trauma teams in the Nordic countries: an overview and present statusT Wisborg
The BEST Foundation Better and Systematic Trauma Care, c o Department of Acute Medicine, Hammerfest Hospital, Hammerfest, Norway
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 49:1004-9. 2005..This overview describes the present state of trauma team training in the Nordic countries...
- Hitting the mark: negotiated marking and performance factors in the communication skills element of the VOICE examinationConnie M D Wiskin
Department of Primary Care and General Practice, Medical School, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Med Educ 37:22-31. 2003..This study measures the level of agreement between scoring examiners and role players, and considers their influence on each other. Examiner status and question choices are analysed as variables...
- Performance of first responders in simulated cardiac arrestsStephan C U Marsch
Medical Intensive Care Unit, University of Basel, Switzerland
Crit Care Med 33:963-7. 2005..The early availability of a physician increased the number of countershocks administered. Self-reporting is unsuitable to reliably assess the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
- Psychometric characteristics of simulation-based assessment in anaesthesia and accuracy of self-assessed scoresJ M Weller
Faculty Education Unit, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
Anaesthesia 60:245-50. 2005..321; p = 0.01). At the lower levels of performance, trainees consistently overrated their performance compared to those performing at higher levels (p = 0.0001)...
- Casualty collection in mass-casualty incidents: a better method for finding proverbial needles in a haystackKristina E Knotts
Genesys Regional Medical Center, Grand Blanc, MI 48439, USA
Prehosp Disaster Med 21:459-64. 2006..Poor lighting due to time of day, inclement weather, and power outages can make locating patients difficult. Efficient methods of locating patients allow for quicker transport to definitive care...
- Simulated and standardized patients in OSCEs: achievements and challenges 1992-2003Graceanne Adamo
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, National Capital Area Medical Simulation Center, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA
Med Teach 25:262-70. 2003....
- Have standardized patient examinations stood the test of time and experience?Reed G Williams
Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois, USA
Teach Learn Med 16:215-22. 2004
- The use of standardized patients to teach and test interpersonal and communication skills with students in speech-language pathologyRichard I Zraick
Slot 772, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 W Markham Street, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205, USA
Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 8:237-48. 2003..After targeting these skills in all students via additional class lectures, there was a statistically and clinically significant improvement in their competency in this area on OSCE II. Student feedback was positive...
- The use of simulated patients and role-play in communication skills training: a review of the literature to August 2005Claire Lane
Nursing, Health and Social Care Research Centre, Cardiff University, School of Nursing and Midwifery Studies, Cardiff CF24 0AB, UK
Patient Educ Couns 67:13-20. 2007....
- Identification of gaps in the achievement of undergraduate anesthesia educational objectives using high-fidelity patient simulationPamela J Morgan
Department of Anesthesia, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario
Anesth Analg 97:1690-4. 2003In this study we sought to identify educational gaps in medical students' knowledge using human patient simulation. The Undergraduate Committee developed 10 scenarios based on anesthesia curriculum objectives...
- Medical students taking the role of the mother in paediatric interview evaluationMaree O'Keefe
University of Adelaide, Department of Paediatrics, Women s and Children s Hospital, North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Med Educ 38:294-301. 2004..Medical students develop the skills required to interview parents and children through practice and by receiving feedback. Parental perceptions of medical student skills in child health interviews can be used to enhance student learning...
- Assessing simulated patients in an educational setting: the MaSP (Maastricht Assessment of Simulated Patients)Lidewij A Wind
Skillslab, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Med Educ 38:39-44. 2004..CONCLUSIONS: The Maastricht Assessment of Simulated Patients (MaSP) appears to be a valid, reliable and feasible tool to assess the performance of SPs in an educational setting...
- Utilizing theatrical tools in consultation training. A way to facilitate students' reflection on action?Anders Baerheim
Section of General Practice, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Norway
Med Teach 27:652-4. 2005..We conclude that our way of creating fiction and manipulating temporality in the consultation training was paralleled by most students' report on substantial learning feed-forward abilities from reflection on action...
- "Practicing" medicine without risk: students' and educators' responses to high-fidelity patient simulationJ A Gordon
Division of Emergency Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, CLN 115, Boston, MA 02114 2696, USA
Acad Med 76:469-72. 2001To understand the responses of medical students and educators to high-fidelity patient simulation, a new technology allowing "practice without risk."
- [Role playing as an essential element of simulation procedures in medicine]Peter Dieckmann
Dänisches Institut für Medizinische Simulation DIMS, Herlev University Hospital, Herlev, Danemark
Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 102:642-7. 2008..We describe a plausibility study from skills labs demonstrating that the introduction of role-playing can increase perceived realism. Finally we derive practical suggestions for the conduction of role plays in medical simulation...
- Design principles for virtual patients: a focus group study among studentsSören Huwendiek
Department of Paediatrics, University Children s Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany
Med Educ 43:580-8. 2009..This study aimed to examine what students perceive as the ideal features of virtual patient (VP) design in order to foster learning with a special focus on clinical reasoning...
- Simulation as a tool to improve the safety of pre-hospital anaesthesia--a pilot studyA J Batchelder
University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester, UK
Anaesthesia 64:978-83. 2009..0 (0-1.8 [0-2]) vs 3.5 (1.5-4.8 [0-8], respectively; p = 0.011). Crew resource management behaviours also improved in later simulations. On a personal training needs analysis, participants reported increased confidence after the course...
- The use of simulated patients in medical education: AMEE Guide No 42Jennifer A Cleland
Division of Medical Education, Foresterhill Health Centre, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
Med Teach 31:477-86. 2009....
- Communicating bad news: a pediatric department's evaluation of a simulated interventionL W Greenberg
Office of Medical Education, Children s National Medical Center, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC, USA
Pediatrics 103:1210-7. 1999..To determine if pediatric residents and emergency department (ED) fellows could improve their ability to counsel and inform standardized patients (SPs) about bad news...
- Demonstration of high-fidelity simulation team training for emergency medicineS D Small
Department of Anesthesiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114, USA
Acad Emerg Med 6:312-23. 1999..The authors hope to engage the EM community in a wide-ranging discussion and handson exploration of these methods...
- A comparison of two methods to teach smoking-cessation techniques to medical studentsM A Papadakis
Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine 94143, USA
Acad Med 72:725-7. 1997..To evaluate two smoking-cessation practice exercises, one using standardized patients (SPs), the other using role playing by medical students...
- Which basic communication skills in medicine are learnt spontaneously and which need to be taught and trained?Knut Aspegren
Clinical Skills Laboratory, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospitals, Denmark
Med Teach 27:539-43. 2005..These discrepancies and subsequent gaps should be the focus of future training courses at both pre- and postgraduate level...
- Standardized patients' perceptions about their own health careP M Wallach
University of South Florida College of Medicine, Office of Curriculum and Medical Education, MDC 54, 12901 Bruce B Downs Boulevard, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
Teach Learn Med 13:227-31. 2001..There have been detailed descriptions on standardized patients (SP) programs' effects on students, curricula, and faculty, yet little attention has been paid to the consequences of participating on the SP's...
- An innovative model for teaching and learning clinical proceduresRoger Kneebone
Departments of Oncology and Surgical Technology, St Mary s Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK
Med Educ 36:628-34. 2002..Performing a clinical procedure requires the integration of technical clinical skills with effective communication skills. However, these skills are often taught separately...
- Analysis of role-play in medical communication training using a theatrical device the fourth wallTorild Jacobsen
Section for General Practice, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, Bergen, Norway
BMC Med Educ 6:51. 2006..The aim of this article is to explore the positions and didactic functions of the fourth wall in medical communication training, using a role-play model basically similar to a theatrical performance...
- Can simulations measure empathy? Considerations on how to assess behavioral empathy via simulationsArianne Teherani
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0410, USA
Patient Educ Couns 71:148-52. 2008....
- Do students develop better motivational interviewing skills through role-play with standardised patients or with student colleagues?Anne L Mounsey
Department of Family Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
Med Educ 40:775-80. 2006..We wanted to determine whether using standardised patients to teach this skill to Year 3 medical students would be more effective than using student role-plays...
- Teaching motivational interviewing: using role play is as effective as using simulated patientsClaire Lane
Department of Nursing, Health and Social Care Research Centre, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
Med Educ 42:637-44. 2008..Practice and rehearsal is often beneficial in helping practitioners to acquire communication skills, but there have been few studies into what types of practice and rehearsal are most effective...
- Explanatory models in the interpretations of clinical features of dental patients within a university dental education settingGerardo Maupome
Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente, Portland, Oregon 97227 1110, USA
Eur J Dent Educ 6:2-8. 2002....
- Impact of an educational intervention on general practitioners' skills in cognitive behavioural strategies: a randomised controlled trialGrant A Blashki
Department of General Practice, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
Med J Aust 188:S129-32. 2008..To evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on general practitioners' skills in cognitive behavioural strategies (CBS)...
- "Oh! She doesn't speak English!" Assessing resident competence in managing linguistic and cultural barriersSondra Zabar
Primary Care Internal Medicine Residency Program, Division of General Internal Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
J Gen Intern Med 21:510-3. 2006..Residents must master complex skills to care for culturally and linguistically diverse patients...
- Widening the lens on standardized patient assessment: what the encounter can reveal about the development of clinical competenceM Rose
University of California, Los Angeles, UCLA School of Medicine 90095, USA
Acad Med 76:856-9. 2001....
- The use of high-fidelity human patient simulation and the introduction of new anesthesia delivery systemsPaul Dalley
National Patient Simulation Training Centre, Wellington Hospital, Private Bag 7902, Wellington South, New Zealand
Anesth Analg 99:1737-41, table of contents. 2004..Group 1 resolved both crises significantly faster. HPS allowed us to detect design features that were common sources of error...
- WASP--a generic web-based, interactive, patient simulation systemNabil Zary
Dept of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Stud Health Technol Inform 95:756-61. 2003..diagnosis and differentials, therapy, interactive session feedback and integrated references and online database sources...
- Medical students' application of published evidence: randomised trialAlan Schwartz
Department of Medical Education (M/C 591, 808 South Wood Street, 986 CME, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612-7309, USA
BMJ 326:536-8. 2003..CONCLUSIONS: Although the students could apply concepts of diagnostic testing, greater focus is needed on appraisal of validity and application of evidence to a particular patient...
- Patient simulation for training basic and advanced clinical skillsM L Good
Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida 32610 0254, USA
Med Educ 37:14-21. 2003..Costs of simulator-based educational programmes include facility, equipment and personnel. Current limitations include clinical realism of the patient manikin and faculty development...
- The use of standardized patients in pediatric residency training in palliative care: anatomy of a standardized patient case scenarioJanet R Serwint
Johns Hopkins Children s Center, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
J Palliat Med 5:146-53. 2002....
- Comparison between medical students' experience, confidence and competenceP J Morgan
Department of Anaesthesia, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Med Educ 36:534-9. 2002..This study was undertaken to determine whether or not breadth of clinical experience and student levels of confidence were indicators of competency on standardized simulator performance-based assessments...
- Does composition medium affect the psychometric properties of scores on an exercise designed to assess written medical communication skills?John R Boulet
Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates, 3624 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 2685, USA
Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 12:157-67. 2007..The results of this study suggest that the psychometric properties of the patient note scores are invariant with respect to composition method...
- Integrating the core competencies: proceedings from the 2005 Academic Assembly consortiumSarah A Stahmer
Cooper University Hospital Robert Wood Johnson University of Medicine and Dentistry, New Jersey, Camden, NJ, USA
Acad Emerg Med 14:80-94. 2007..This report provides a summary discussion of the status of integration of the competencies into EM training programs in 2005...
- Medical education in critical careNatalie Wong
Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada, ON, Canada, M5B 1W8
J Crit Care 20:270-3. 2005..This article addresses 4 areas that are receiving increasing attention in medical education and are relevant to training in the critical care environment: evidence-based medicine, communication, evaluation, and simulation...
- Effectiveness of a cardiology review course for internal medicine residents using simulation technology and deliberate practiceS Barry Issenberg
University of Miami School of Medicine, Center for Research in Medical Education, P O Box 016960 D 41, Miami, FL 33101, USA
Teach Learn Med 14:223-8. 2002..Objective evaluations of residents' clinical skills reveal serious deficits...
- Integrated simulation experiences to enhance clinical educationRuth Greenberg
Health Sciences Center Academic Programs, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Kentucky 40292, USA
Med Educ 36:1109-10. 2002
- Patient care competency in emergency medicine graduate medical education: results of a consensus group on patient careRandall W King
Emergency Medicine Residency, St Vincent Mercy Medical Center, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo, OH 43608, USA
Acad Emerg Med 9:1227-35. 2002..In addition, all of the ACGME assessment tools were examined and prioritized for use in assessing the competency of EM residents in the area of patient care. Suggestions for an implementation process are also described...
- Application of the medical knowledge general competency to emergency medicineMary Jo Wagner
Program in Emergency Medicine, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Saginaw Cooperative Hospitals, Inc Michigan State University, Saginaw, MI 48602, USA
Acad Emerg Med 9:1236-41. 2002..Assessment methods felt to be most appropriate for assessment of the medical knowledge base of a resident are presented, as are practical suggestions for incorporating these into EM programs...
- [Communication skills training for medical students: from the simple to the complex]Peter Lønberg Madsen
Københavns Universitet, Laboratorium for Kliniske Faerdigheder, og H S Rigshospitalet, Afsnit 5404, DK 2100 København Ø
Ugeskr Laeger 167:3581-3. 2005..These skills are also practiced in clinical courses on real patients, under supervision. Later on, the students are trained in breaking bad news, but with simulated patients only...
- [Practical examinations for neurology. The Tuebingen model]M Schrauth
Abteilung Innere Medizin VI, Medizinische Universitatsklinik, Universitatsklinikum, Osianderstrasse 5, 72070 Tübingen, Germany
Nervenarzt 77:1464-8. 2006..Implications of this novel form of examination for faculty development and regulating students' learning and study behaviour are discussed...
- A modified electronic key feature examination for undergraduate medical students: validation threats and opportunitiesMartin R Fischer
Klinikum der Universitat Munchen, Medizinische Klinik Innenstadt, Munchen, Germany
Med Teach 27:450-5. 2005..44 and 0.47) as well as the learners' level of acceptance. The modified electronic KF examination is a feasible and reliable evaluation tool that may be implemented for the assessment of clinical undergraduate training...
- Teaching medical students the important connection between communication and clinical reasoningDonna M Windish
Department of Internal Medicine, Yale Primary Care Residency Program, New Haven, CT, USA
J Gen Intern Med 20:1108-13. 2005..Not understanding the relation between these skills may lead students to undervalue the connection between psychosocial and biomedical aspects of patient care...
- A feasibility study comparing checklists and global rating forms to assess resident performance in clinical skillsC Ringsted
Copenhagen Hospital Corporation, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
Med Teach 25:654-8. 2003..This was explained by clinicians' leniency as assessors rather than by lack of vigilance in the observations or disagreements on standards for good performance...
- Web-based learning versus standardized patients for teaching clinical diagnosis: a randomized, controlled, crossover trialMichael K Turner
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
Teach Learn Med 18:208-14. 2006..Start-up costs were comparable, but the ongoing costs of the WB format were less expensive, suggesting that WB teaching may be a viable strategy...
- [Effect of 13 hours of medical interview training in undergraduate medical education]Knut Aspegren
Københavns Universitet, Det Sundhedsvidenskabelige Fakultet, og H S Rigshospitalet, Afsnit 5404, Laboratorium for Kliniske Faerdigheder
Ugeskr Laeger 168:2445-9. 2006..It is concluded that a short preparatory course followed by clinical experience is not enough to secure necessary interviewing skills in most medical students...
- The use of virtual patients to teach medical students history taking and communication skillsAmy Stevens
College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
Am J Surg 191:806-11. 2006....
- Surgical training and simulation laboratory at Baystate Medical CenterDavid Earle
Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, MA 01199, USA
Surg Innov 13:53-60. 2006..This will allow us to automatically tailor the educational environment to the individual needs of the learner as they change over time, as well as look at quality improvement related to our educational and research endeavors...
- The use of standardized patients for mock oral board exams in neurology: a pilot studyBrett Kissela
Department of Neurology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 0525, USA
BMC Med Educ 6:22. 2006..We sought to create a standardized patient mock oral board exam that would allow comparison of residents' clinical performance...
- Breaking bad news: qualitative evaluation of an interprofessional learning opportunityAnn Wakefield
School of Nursing Midwifery and Health Visiting, University of Manchester, South Manchester, UK
Med Teach 28:53-8. 2006..Finally, the paper closes by arguing that trust and mutual respect are vital ingredients if collaborative working is to become part of the medical and nursing curriculum...
- Faculty, students, and actors as standardized patients: expanding opportunities for performance assessmentBrian Mavis
Office of Medical Education Research and Development, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, 48824 1316, USA
Teach Learn Med 18:130-6. 2006..This report focuses on the implementation of this strategy. In addition, a preliminary evaluation of the fidelity of the simulated clinical encounters based on SP type is reported...
- Prior experiences associated with residents' scores on a communication and interpersonal skill OSCERachel Yudkowsky
Department of Medical Education, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, USA
Patient Educ Couns 62:368-73. 2006..This exploratory study investigated whether prior task experience and comfort correlate with scores on an assessment of patient-centered communication...
- Empathy, authenticity, assessment and simulation: a conundrum in search of a solutionD J Steele
Patient Educ Couns 71:143-4. 2008
- The step 2 clinical skills examinationJames A Hallock
JAMA 295:1123; author reply 1123-4. 2006
- Checklist content on a standardized patient assessment: an ex post facto reviewJohn R Boulet
Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates ECFMG, Philadelphia, PA 19104 2685, USA
Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 13:59-69. 2008..Periodic review of checklist items, concentrating on their clinical importance, is warranted...
- Can standardized patients replace physicians as OSCE examiners?Kevin McLaughlin
University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
BMC Med Educ 6:12. 2006....
- [Use of actors to train medical students in communication skills]Gunnar Tschudi Bondevik
Seksjon for allmennmedisin, Institutt for samfunnsmedisinske fag, Universitetet i Bergen Kalfarveien 31 5018 Bergen
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 126:2118-21. 2006..The aim of our study was to investigate how medical students perceive the use of actors in the communication and consultation training at the University of Bergen, Norway...
- Evaluating the spoken English proficiency of international medical graduates: detecting threats to the validity of standardised patient ratingsMarta van Zanten
Clinical Skills Assessment, Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates, 3624 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Med Educ 37:69-76. 2003..To investigate potential threats to the validity of the spoken English proficiency ratings provided by standardised patients (SPs) in high-stakes clinical skills examinations...
- Simulators in interventional radiology training and evaluation: a paradigm shift is on the horizonAalpen A Patel
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
J Vasc Interv Radiol 17:S163-73. 2006
- Development and pilot testing of an OSCE for difficult conversations in surgical intensive careJeffrey G Chipman
Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 0321, USA
J Surg Educ 64:79-87. 2007..To describe the development and results of an Objective Structured Clinical Exam (OSCE) for leading family conferences in the surgical intensive care unit (SICU)...
- Assessment of a clinical performance evaluation tool for use in a simulator-based testing environment: a pilot studyJames A Gordon
Department of Emergency Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114, USA
Acad Med 78:S45-7. 2003..This study assessed a clinical performance evaluation tool for use in a simulator-based testing environment...
- Reliability of a Smoking Cessation Risk Factor Interview Scale (SCRFIS) for use with standardized patient instructorsKristie Long Foley
Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
J Cancer Educ 18:134-41. 2003..This study evaluated internal consistency and inter-rater reliability of the smoking cessation risk factor interview scale (SCRFIS)...
- The use of handheld computers in scenario-based procedural assessmentsR Kneebone
Department of Surgical Oncology and Technology, Imperial College London, St Mary s Hospital, UK
Med Teach 25:632-42. 2003..Technical expertise is required for the development and delivery of PDA-based forms, but their potential for use in formative and summative assessments is considerable...
- Comprehensive assessment of professional competence: the Rochester experimentRonald M Epstein
Department of Family Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, New York 14620, USA
Teach Learn Med 16:186-96. 2004..A required 2-week comprehensive assessment (CA) for 2nd-year medical students that integrates basic science, clinical skills, information management, and professionalism was implemented...
- Outcomes of teaching medical students core skills for women's health: the pelvic examination educational programSandra E Carr
Department of School of Women s and Infants Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth Western Australia
Am J Obstet Gynecol 190:1382-7. 2004....
- Musculoskeletal injection skills competency in physical medicine and rehabilitation residents: a method for development and assessmentSara Cuccurullo
UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Institute, Edison, New Jersey 08818-3059, USA
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 83:479-85. 2004..This workshop provided a framework for the definition of baseline competency in this clinical skill area...
- Using a formative simulated patient exercise for curriculum evaluationDavid J Solomon
Office of Medical Education Research and Development and the Department of Medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
BMC Med Educ 4:8. 2004....
- Reliability and validity of a simulation-based acute care skills assessment for medical students and residentsJohn R Boulet
Research and Evaluation, Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 2685, USA
Anesthesiology 99:1270-80. 2003..The purpose of this study was to develop and test simulation exercises and associated scoring methods that could be used to evaluate the acute care skills of final-year medical students and first-year residents...
- A model for integrated assessment of clinical competenceKaren J Panzarella
Program in Physical Therapy, Department of Rehabilitation Science, University at Buffalo, 515 Kimball Tower, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
J Allied Health 36:157-64. 2007..These results warrant further investigation of the Integrated Standardized Patient Examination for transfer to other health care professions, in particular physical therapy...
- Curriculum-based solo virtual reality training for laparoscopic intracorporeal knot tying: objective assessment of the transfer of skill from virtual reality to realityYaron Munz
Department of General Surgery and Tranplantion, The Chaim Sheba Medical Centre, MSR, Tel Hashomer, 52621 Ramat Gan, Israel
Am J Surg 193:774-83. 2007..Very few studies have addressed the transferability of skills from virtual reality (VR) to real life. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of teaching intracorporeal knot tying (ICKT) by VR simulation only...
- First-year medical students' assessment of their own communication skills: a video-based, open-ended approachAmanda Zick
Center for Communication and Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA
Patient Educ Couns 68:161-6. 2007..As reflection and self-assessment are essential components of skill-building, we examined the content of medical students' assessments of their own developing communication skills...
- Proficiency-based virtual reality training significantly reduces the error rate for residents during their first 10 laparoscopic cholecystectomiesGunnar Ahlberg
Department of Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, SE 171 76, Sweden
Am J Surg 193:797-804. 2007..The aim of this study was to assess the effect of proficiency-based VR training on the outcome of the first 10 entire cholecystectomies performed by novices...
- Strategies for training standardized patient instructors for a competency examHitoshi Amano
Department of Pharmacological Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Showa University, Hatanodai 1 5 8, Shinagawa ku Tokyo, Japan
J Dent Educ 68:1104-11. 2004..77) and the in-school SPs (r=0.73) were nearly identical. These results suggest that our training program for SP instructors is an effective protocol, particularly with respect to reliability and efficiency...
- Using standardized patients to assess the interpersonal skills of physicians: six years' experience with a high-stakes certification examinationMarta van Zanten
Research and Evaluation, The Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Health Commun 22:195-205. 2007..These results may also generalize to other clinical skills assessments, or other evaluations that employ raters to judge communication abilities...
- Trauma training in simulation: translating skills from SIM time to real timeM Margaret Knudson
Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
J Trauma 64:255-63; discussion 263-4. 2008..Simulation may have a role in this educational process, but only if it can be demonstrated that skills learned in a simulated environment translate into enhanced performance in real-life trauma situations...
- Further analysis of a doctor-patient nonverbal communication instrumentTimothy J Gallagher
Department of Sociology, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA
Patient Educ Couns 57:262-71. 2005..Measures of correlation and differences involving the RCS-O dimensions and structural features of the interviews (e.g., number of questions asked by the medical student) are examined...
- The role and future of standardized patients in the MCW curriculumKenneth B Simons
Office of Educational Services, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wis, USA
WMJ 102:43-5, 50. 2003
Research Grants115 found, 100 shown here
- Evaluating the Impact of Simulated Team Training on Patient SafetyDaniel Scott; Fiscal Year: 2007..DESCRIPTION (not provided by the applicant): ..
- Human Patient Simulation: Parent Teaching EnhancementSusan Sullivan Bolyai; Fiscal Year: 2010..this multi-site randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the efficacy of the intervention (HPS-PTE=Human Patient Simulation-Parent Teaching Enhancement) with 128 indexed mothers or fathers of children (5-12 years old) newly ..
- Virtual Patient Sexual History Interview SimulationMargaret McCarthy; Fiscal Year: 2003..The use of computer-assisted simulation programs is changing the methodologies of medical education. Patient simulation is used by anesthesiologists, radiologists, surgeons and others to provide an endless array of possible ..
- Computational Modeling of Mechanical Heart ValvesAJIT P contact YOGANATHAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..moving ventricle and aorta geometries Aim 4: Preliminary application of the computational tools for patient simulation and analysis Completion of this project will lead to a significant advancement in the field of heart valve ..
- Competencies Training &Assessment in LaboratoryMedicine UsingPatientSimulationsFred Dee; Fiscal Year: 2007This proposal is designed to develop and evaluate a novel web-based model for computer assisted patient simulation that can be used for performance-based competency assessment and education...
- Competencies Training &Assessment in LaboratoryMedicine UsingPatientSimulationsFred R Dee; Fiscal Year: 2010This proposal is designed to develop and evaluate a novel web-based model for computer assisted patient simulation that can be used for performance-based competency assessment and education...
- Competencies Training &Assessment in LaboratoryMedicine UsingPatientSimulationsFred Dee; Fiscal Year: 2009This proposal is designed to develop and evaluate a novel web-based model for computer assisted patient simulation that can be used for performance-based competency assessment and education...
- Virtual Health Care Environments versus Traditional Interactive Team TrainingJEFFREY TAEKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..g., high fidelity patient simulation), and (3) evaluation of the resulting experimental data along with realistic cost estimates to design and ..
- Defining the Learning Curve in Research TrialsJEFFREY TAEKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005..Simulation is considered a top methodology for learning complex behaviors. The use of high-fidelity patient simulation in clinical research training is expected to improve the coordinator's acquisition of the knowledge, skills, ..
- PATIENT-CENTERED CARE AND HEALTH CARE COSTSRonald Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Genetic Counseling Processes and Analogue Client OutcomeDebra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Understanding Social Contributions to Disparities in Depression Care: US and UKDebra L Roter; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Understanding Social Contributions to Disparities in Depression Care: US and UKDebra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Philippine Child Health and Policy ExperimentJohn Peabody; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Amelioration of Literacy Deficits in Prenatal CareDebra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Cultural Competency Training in Latino HealthDesiree Lie; Fiscal Year: 2007..A central web resource will disseminate case-based instruction and relevant pertinent research on health disparities. ..
- Validation of Sensorized Breast Models for High-Stakes Clinical Skills AssessmentCarla M Pugh; Fiscal Year: 2010..Our results will help set clinical performance standards. ..
- Older Mothers and Adult Daughters: High Blood Pressure Self Management BehaviorsCeleste Shawler; Fiscal Year: 2010..The candidate plans to further examine the significance of inner strength and modifiable health behaviors of older women with hypertension. ..
- Improving Safety and Quality with Integrated TechnologyJeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2006..The findings, though applied specifically for OB, can be applied to many areas of medicine and surgery. The findings will provide inpatient and outpatient HIT stakeholders needed information to make important decisions. ..
- Epidemiology of Preventable Safety Events in Prehospital EMS for ChildrenJeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study will use expert panel reviews, analysis of electronic EMS data, and patient simulation to measure the numbers and types of safety events occurring in the prehospital care of children...
- Behavioral and Physiological Responses to Race-Related Stress in Diabetic WomenJulie Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Older Mothers and Adult Daughters: High Blood Pressure Self Management BehaviorsCeleste Shawler; Fiscal Year: 2009..The candidate plans to further examine the significance of inner strength and modifiable health behaviors of older women with hypertension. ..
- Evaluating the Clinical Impact of Simulation & Team Training on OB SafetyJeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2007..Our current work evaluates performance in the simulated environment; this proposal focuses on the translation of simulation and team training to the clinical environment. ..
- The Epidemiology of Fecal Incontinence after ChildbirthJeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2004..These data will provide a better understanding of the extent of the problem and will provide data essential for future trials of prevention and treatment of fecal incontinence. ..
- Optimizing strategies for universal HIV testingRochelle P Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2010..The scientific basis for early detection of HIV infection and aggressive linkage to care has been successfully laid. The challenge now is to identify effective, affordable, and cost-effective implementation mechanisms. ..
- C-CAPRELA: Cervical Cancer Prevention for LatinasSCOTT RHODES; Fiscal Year: 2007..developing effective interventions to reduce those disparities, and facilitating intervention delivery." ..
- ADULT DEPRESSION, SUICIDAL IDEATION AND PERSONALITYPaul Duberstein; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- A Multi-site Intervention to Reduce Violence in Hospital Emergency DepartmentsDonna Gates; Fiscal Year: 2009..This study will test an intervention that could improve the work conditions for over 1 million ED healthcare workers and improve the care for millions of patients who visit EDs each year. ..
- Tailored Interactive Multimedia to Reduce Colorectal CA Screening DisparitiesAnthony Jerant; Fiscal Year: 2009..They may also suggest a promising, portable method of reducing disparities in colorectal cancer (and other) screening uptake between Hispanic and non-Hispanic individuals. ..
- MODULATING ENDOTHELIAL ADAPTATION TO FLOWGARY NACKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003..Conceivably, the responsible mediator(s) could be used as an adjunct in the development of new prosthetic or tissue- engineered biosynthetic grafts. ..
- PHARMACOLOGY OF ANESTHETICS IN HEMORRHAGIC SHOCKKen Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Tailored Interactive Multimedia to Reduce Colorectal CA Screening DisparitiesANTHONY FRANCIS JERANT; Fiscal Year: 2010..They may also suggest a promising, portable method of reducing disparities in colorectal cancer (and other) screening uptake between Hispanic and non-Hispanic individuals. ..
- RCT of Primary Care-based Patient Navigation-ActivationKevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2007..Findings from this project have implications for national policy related to the design and implementation of patient navigation programs for cancer and interventions designed to eliminate disparities in cancer treatment ..
- A Randomized Trial of Home Self-Efficacy EnhancementAnthony Jerant; Fiscal Year: 2007..The findings will help policymakers, payers, and providers identify which interventions to implement. ..
- "Patient Navigation in the SafetyNet: CONNECTeDD"Karen Freund; Fiscal Year: 2007..of this study will inform the design of a generalizable standard, effective and cost efficient patient navigation model that will eliminate barriers to timely, quality cancer care among racial/ethnic minority and lower income populations ..
- CANCER AWARENESS NETWORK FOR IMMIGRANT MINORITY POPULATIFrancesca Gany; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Study of EMS Findings Predictive of Pediatric Trauma Center NeedE Brooke Lerner; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Multilevel Intervention to Improve Nursing Home OutcomesMarilyn Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2009..Similarly, we will observe processes of care delivery before, during and after the multilevel intervention to describe the adoption of the care delivery strategies recommended in the intervention. ..
- Technology to Automatically Detect Falls and Assess Fall Risk in Senior HousingMarilyn J Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Meals on Wheels Volunteers as Health Literacy Coaches for Older AdultsVicki S Freimuth; Fiscal Year: 2010..Findings will advance understanding of interactional health literacy. ..
- Multilevel Intervention to Improve Nursing Home OutcomesMarilyn Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2007..Similarly, we will observe processes of care delivery before, during and after the multilevel intervention to describe the adoption of the care delivery strategies recommended in the intervention. ..
- Smart Environment Technologies for Health Assessment and AssistanceMaureen Schmitter Edgecombe; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Simulation Training for Ultrasound Guided Central Venous Catheter InsertionLEIGH EVANS; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Disparate Metastatic Breast Cancer Symptom Severity and Management BarriersMargaret Rosenzweig; Fiscal Year: 2007..Supportive activities will take place at the Yale University School of Nursing, Harvard University and through the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. ..
- MHREG for Research in Ethnically Diverse CommunitiesPaul Duberstein; Fiscal Year: 2007..As well, we will consider adding trainees at other developmental levels or from other disciplines. ..
- HEALTH LITERACY AND DISCHARGE SAFETY OF HOSPITALIZED SENIORSLee Lindquist; Fiscal Year: 2007..By the completion of this award period, the candidate will have the skills, experience, and research track record necessary to become an independent investigator and leader in health literacy and geriatric patient safety. ..
- Effects of Establishing focus in the Medical InterviewLynne Robins; Fiscal Year: 2004..If successful, it should be easily disseminated into many practice settings as well as incorporated into professional training. ..
- LLD Course & Treatment Decisions: Psychosocial InfluencesPaul Duberstein; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Detecting Depressive Symptoms in Older AdultsPaul Duberstein; Fiscal Year: 2004..Findings will help guide the development of screening instruments, educational and clinical interventions, and surveillance strategies to lessen the public health impact of unrecognized and untreated depression. ..