patient simulation

Summary

Summary: The use of persons coached to feign symptoms or conditions of real diseases in a life-like manner in order to teach or evaluate medical personnel.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Human patient simulation is effective for teaching paramedic students endotracheal intubation
    Robert E Hall
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 12:850-5. 2005
  2. pmc Elective course in acute care using online learning and patient simulation
    Amy L Seybert
    University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy, USA
    Am J Pharm Educ 75:54. 2011
  3. ncbi Features and uses of high-fidelity medical simulations that lead to effective learning: a BEME systematic review
    S Barry Issenberg
    Center for Research in Medical Education, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA
    Med Teach 27:10-28. 2005
  4. ncbi Comparison of vignettes, standardized patients, and chart abstraction: a prospective validation study of 3 methods for measuring quality
    J W Peabody
    San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Institute for Global Health, University of California, 94105, USA
    JAMA 283:1715-22. 2000
  5. ncbi Virtual patients: a critical literature review and proposed next steps
    David A Cook
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Med Educ 43:303-11. 2009
  6. ncbi Tools for direct observation and assessment of clinical skills of medical trainees: a systematic review
    Jennifer R Kogan
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Health System, 3701 Market St, Ste 640, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 302:1316-26. 2009
  7. ncbi Design principles for virtual patients: a focus group study among students
    Sören Huwendiek
    Department of Paediatrics, University Children s Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany
    Med Educ 43:580-8. 2009
  8. ncbi Effective training strategies for teaching communication skills to physicians: an overview of systematic reviews
    Marianne Berkhof
    Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Patient Educ Couns 84:152-62. 2011
  9. ncbi Threat and challenge: cognitive appraisal and stress responses in simulated trauma resuscitations
    Adrian Harvey
    Wilson Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 44:587-94. 2010
  10. ncbi Simulation-based medical education: an ethical imperative
    Amitai Ziv
    The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, and Israel Center for Medical Simulation MSR, Tel Hashomer, Israel
    Acad Med 78:783-8. 2003

Detail Information

Publications316 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Human patient simulation is effective for teaching paramedic students endotracheal intubation
    Robert E Hall
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 12:850-5. 2005
    ..The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether the endotracheal intubation (ETI) success rate is different among paramedic students trained on a human patient simulator versus on human subjects in the operating room (OR)...
  2. pmc Elective course in acute care using online learning and patient simulation
    Amy L Seybert
    University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy, USA
    Am J Pharm Educ 75:54. 2011
    To enhance students' knowledge of and critical-thinking skills in the management of acutely ill patients using online independent learning partnered with high-fidelity patient simulation sessions.
  3. ncbi Features and uses of high-fidelity medical simulations that lead to effective learning: a BEME systematic review
    S Barry Issenberg
    Center for Research in Medical Education, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA
    Med Teach 27:10-28. 2005
    ..1969 to 2003, 34 years...
  4. ncbi Comparison of vignettes, standardized patients, and chart abstraction: a prospective validation study of 3 methods for measuring quality
    J W Peabody
    San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Institute for Global Health, University of California, 94105, USA
    JAMA 283:1715-22. 2000
    ..Better health care quality is a universal goal, yet measuring quality has proven to be difficult and problematic. A central problem has been isolating physician practices from other effects of the health care system...
  5. ncbi Virtual patients: a critical literature review and proposed next steps
    David A Cook
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Med Educ 43:303-11. 2009
    ..Virtual patients (VPs), which take the form of interactive computer-based clinical scenarios, may help to reconcile this paradox...
  6. ncbi Tools for direct observation and assessment of clinical skills of medical trainees: a systematic review
    Jennifer R Kogan
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Health System, 3701 Market St, Ste 640, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 302:1316-26. 2009
    ..Multiple tools for direct observation are available, but their characteristics and outcomes have not been compared systematically...
  7. ncbi Design principles for virtual patients: a focus group study among students
    Sören Huwendiek
    Department of Paediatrics, University Children s Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany
    Med Educ 43:580-8. 2009
    ..This study aimed to examine what students perceive as the ideal features of virtual patient (VP) design in order to foster learning with a special focus on clinical reasoning...
  8. ncbi Effective training strategies for teaching communication skills to physicians: an overview of systematic reviews
    Marianne Berkhof
    Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Patient Educ Couns 84:152-62. 2011
    ..Physicians need good communication skills to communicate effectively with patients. The objective of this review was to identify effective training strategies for teaching communication skills to qualified physicians...
  9. ncbi Threat and challenge: cognitive appraisal and stress responses in simulated trauma resuscitations
    Adrian Harvey
    Wilson Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 44:587-94. 2010
    ..As such, training for high-acuity events should include interventions targeting stress management skills...
  10. ncbi Simulation-based medical education: an ethical imperative
    Amitai Ziv
    The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, and Israel Center for Medical Simulation MSR, Tel Hashomer, Israel
    Acad Med 78:783-8. 2003
    ..The use of simulation wherever feasible conveys a critical educational and ethical message to all: patients are to be protected whenever possible and they are not commodities to be used as conveniences of training...
  11. ncbi Low- to high-fidelity simulation - a continuum of medical education?
    N J Maran
    Scottish Clinical Simulation Centre, Stirling Royal Infirmary, Livilands Gate, Stirling, UK
    Med Educ 37:22-8. 2003
    ..These range from simple part-task training models to highly sophisticated computer driven models...
  12. ncbi Building a virtual patient commons
    Rachel Ellaway
    University of London, UK
    Med Teach 30:170-4. 2008
    ....
  13. ncbi Looking in the mirror: self-debriefing versus instructor debriefing for simulated crises
    Sylvain Boet
    Department of Anesthesiology, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Crit Care Med 39:1377-81. 2011
    ..To examine the effectiveness of self-debriefing as compared to instructor debriefing in the change of nontechnical skills performance of anesthesiology residents...
  14. ncbi Patient simulation for training basic and advanced clinical skills
    M L Good
    Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida 32610 0254, USA
    Med Educ 37:14-21. 2003
    ....
  15. pmc Peer role-play and standardised patients in communication training: a comparative study on the student perspective on acceptability, realism, and perceived effect
    Hans M Bosse
    Clinic I General Paediatrics, Centre of Child and Adolescent Medicine, Heidelberg, Germany
    BMC Med Educ 10:27. 2010
    ..To assess the student perspective on acceptability, realism, and perceived effect of communication training with peer role play (RP) and standardised patients (SP)...
  16. ncbi Mobile in situ obstetric emergency simulation and teamwork training to improve maternal-fetal safety in hospitals
    Jeanne Marie Guise
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregan Health and Science University, Portland, Oregan, USA
    Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 36:443-53. 2010
    ..Increasingly, health care providers, hospital administrators, and quality and safety professionals are considering simulation as a strategy to improve quality and patient safety...
  17. ncbi What can virtual patient simulation offer mental health nursing education?
    V Guise
    Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences, St George s University of London and Kingston University, London, UK
    J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 19:410-8. 2012
    ..It goes on to describe a low-cost, narrative-based virtual patient simulation technique which has the potential for wide application within health and social care education...
  18. ncbi The history of simulation in medical education and possible future directions
    Paul Bradley
    Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth, UK
    Med Educ 40:254-62. 2006
    ..Clinical simulation is on the point of having a significant impact on health care education across professional boundaries and in both the undergraduate and postgraduate arenas...
  19. ncbi Increasing oncologists' skills in eliciting and responding to emotional cues: evaluation of a communication skills training program
    Phyllis Butow
    Medical Psychology Research Unit, School of Psychology, Brenan McCallum Building, A18, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW 2006, Australia
    Psychooncology 17:209-18. 2008
    ..Psychological morbidity in cancer patients is common, but often undetected and untreated. We developed a communication skills training (CST) program targeting this issue, and evaluated its impact on doctor behaviour...
  20. ncbi Use of virtual patients in dental education: a survey of U.S. and Canadian dental schools
    Robert A Cederberg
    University of Texas School of Dentistry at Houston, 7500 Cambridge St, Houston, TX 77054, USA
    J Dent Educ 76:1358-64. 2012
    ..Through the use of virtual patient interactive audio/video elements, the student can experience interaction with his or her virtual patients during a more realistic simulation encounter...
  21. ncbi The implementation and evaluation of a mandatory multi-professional obstetric skills training program
    Jette Led Sørensen
    Obstetric Department, The Juliane Marie Center for Children, Women and Reproduction, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 88:1107-17. 2009
    ..OBJECTIVE. To implement and evaluate a simulation-based training program. DESIGN. Descriptive...
  22. ncbi A pediatric clinical skills assessment using children as standardized patients
    J L Lane
    Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Pennsylvania and Hahnemann University, Philadelphia, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 153:637-44. 1999
    ....
  23. ncbi Impact of stress on resident performance in simulated trauma scenarios
    Adrian Harvey
    Wilson Centre, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 72:497-503. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the stress responses and clinical performance of residents during low and high stress (HS) simulated trauma resuscitations...
  24. ncbi Managing the deteriorating patient in a simulated environment: nursing students' knowledge, skill and situation awareness
    Simon Cooper
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Gippsland Campus, Churchill, Vic, Australia
    J Clin Nurs 19:2309-18. 2010
    ..To examine, in a simulated environment, the ability of final-year nursing students to assess, identify and respond to patients either deteriorating or at risk of deterioration...
  25. ncbi The minimal relationship between simulation fidelity and transfer of learning
    Geoff Norman
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 46:636-47. 2012
    ..This fails to clarify the relationship between simulator fidelity and learning, and whether comparable gains might be achieved at substantially lower cost...
  26. ncbi Using simulated interviews to teach junior medical students to disclose the diagnosis of cancer
    Stephane Supiot
    Department of Human and Social Sciences, Medical Faculty of Nantes, Nantes, France
    J Cancer Educ 23:102-7. 2008
    ..Disclosing cancer is a difficult task for junior doctors...
  27. ncbi Teaching medical students and residents skills for delivering bad news: a review of strategies
    Marcy E Rosenbaum
    University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52245, USA
    Acad Med 79:107-17. 2004
    ....
  28. ncbi Design for learning: deconstructing virtual patient activities
    Rachel H Ellaway
    Northern Ontario School of Medicine, Canada
    Med Teach 33:303-10. 2011
    ..This article attempts to deconstruct the virtual patient concept by developing a model of virtual patients as artifacts with intrinsic encoded properties and emergent constructed properties that build on the core concept of 'activity'...
  29. ncbi Hospital, simulation center, and teamwork training for eclampsia management: a randomized controlled trial
    Denise Ellis
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, North Bristol NHS Trust, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Obstet Gynecol 111:723-31. 2008
    ..To compare the effectiveness of training for eclampsia in local hospitals and a regional simulation center, with and without teamwork theory...
  30. pmc A human factors analysis of technical and team skills among surgical trainees during procedural simulations in a simulated operating theatre
    Krishna Moorthy
    Imperial College St Mary s Hospital Simulation Group, Department of Surgical Oncology and Technology, Imperial College, London
    Ann Surg 242:631-9. 2005
    ..High-risk organizations such as aviation rely on simulations for the training and assessment of technical and team performance. The aim of this study was to develop a simulated environment for surgical trainees using similar principles...
  31. ncbi Simulated and standardized patients in OSCEs: achievements and challenges 1992-2003
    Graceanne Adamo
    Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, National Capital Area Medical Simulation Center, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA
    Med Teach 25:262-70. 2003
    ....
  32. ncbi Simulation-based assessment in anesthesiology: requirements for practical implementation
    John R Boulet
    Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Anesthesiology 112:1041-52. 2010
    ....
  33. ncbi Instructiveness of real patients and simulated patients in undergraduate medical education: a randomized experiment
    Lonneke Bokken
    Department of Educational Development and Research, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Acad Med 85:148-54. 2010
    ..The aims of this study were to evaluate which contact (real patient or SP) is perceived as most instructive by students and which variables contribute to this...
  34. ncbi Use of a computer-based simulated consultation tool to assess whether doctors explore sociocultural factors during patient evaluation
    Noelle Junod Perron
    Academic Primary Care Physicians, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneve, Switzerland
    J Eval Clin Pract 15:1190-5. 2009
    ....
  35. ncbi A modified electronic key feature examination for undergraduate medical students: validation threats and opportunities
    Martin R Fischer
    Klinikum der Universitat Munchen, Medizinische Klinik Innenstadt, Munchen, Germany
    Med Teach 27:450-5. 2005
    ..44 and 0.47) as well as the learners' level of acceptance. The modified electronic KF examination is a feasible and reliable evaluation tool that may be implemented for the assessment of clinical undergraduate training...
  36. ncbi Crisis resource management training for an anaesthesia faculty: a new approach to continuing education
    Richard H Blum
    Department of Anesthesia, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Children s Hospital, Bader 3, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Med Educ 38:45-55. 2004
    ..Anaesthesia crisis resource management addresses many patient safety issues by teaching behavioural skills for critical events but it has not been systematically utilized to teach experienced faculty...
  37. ncbi The use of direct clinician observation and vignettes for health services quality evaluation in developing countries
    Kenneth L Leonard
    University of Maryland, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Maryland, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:1944-51. 2005
    ..We show how the scores obtained using vignettes in conjunction with DCO can be used to improve the reliability of DCO and therefore our estimates of actual clinician quality...
  38. ncbi Peer assisted learning in patient-centred interviewing: the impact on student tutors
    Debra Nestel
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
    Med Teach 27:439-44. 2005
    ..Careful consideration needs to be given to ways in which student tutors are supported before, during and after the project...
  39. pmc Observational Skill-based Clinical Assessment tool for Resuscitation (OSCAR): development and validation
    S Walker
    Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, St Mary s Hospital Campus, 10th Floor QEQM Building, St Mary s Hospital, Praed Street, London W2 1NY, UK
    Resuscitation 82:835-44. 2011
    ..Specifically, we sought to develop a tool that is feasible to use and psychometrically sound to assess team behaviours during cardiac arrest resuscitation attempts...
  40. pmc A structured literature review on the use of high fidelity patient simulators for teaching in emergency medicine
    J McFetrich
    Northumbria Healthcare Trust, Stocksfield, Northumberland, UK
    Emerg Med J 23:509-11. 2006
    ..This literature review examines the use of simulators for teaching in emergency medicine and covers some of their advantages and disadvantages, and evidence for their use...
  41. doi Medical simulation for professional development--science and practice
    R Fox
    BJOG 118:1-4. 2011
    ..In this opening review, we look at the potential use of medical simulation in broad terms and describe the types of evidence that can be employed to support its use...
  42. ncbi Virtual patient instruction for dental students: can it improve dental care access for persons with special needs?
    Carla Sanders
    Human Development Institute, University of Kentucky, USA
    Spec Care Dentist 28:205-13. 2008
    ..This study demonstrated that an interactive, multi-media (CD-ROM), virtual patient learning module for dental students could be an effective tool in providing students needed clinical exposure to patients with developmental disabilities...
  43. ncbi Cognitive simulators for medical education and training
    Kanav Kahol
    Human Machine Symbiosis Laboratory, Center for Cognition and Decision Making, Department of Biomedical Informatics, School of Computing and Informatics, Arizona State University, Tempe, 45 N 5th Street 235, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA
    J Biomed Inform 42:593-604. 2009
    ..The results of two pilot studies are presented that show the validity of the methodology in providing an effective evaluation and learning environments for surgeons...
  44. ncbi Do students develop better motivational interviewing skills through role-play with standardised patients or with student colleagues?
    Anne L Mounsey
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
    Med Educ 40:775-80. 2006
    ..We wanted to determine whether using standardised patients to teach this skill to Year 3 medical students would be more effective than using student role-plays...
  45. ncbi The use of simulated patients and role-play in communication skills training: a review of the literature to August 2005
    Claire Lane
    Nursing, Health and Social Care Research Centre, Cardiff University, School of Nursing and Midwifery Studies, Cardiff CF24 0AB, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 67:13-20. 2007
    ....
  46. ncbi Improving student dentist competencies and perception of difficulty in delivering care to children with developmental disabilities using a virtual patient module
    Harold L Kleinert
    Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
    J Dent Educ 71:279-86. 2007
    ..This study demonstrated that an interactive, multimedia (CD-ROM), virtual patient learning module for student dentists is potentially an effective tool in meeting this need...
  47. ncbi Anesthesiology national CME program and ASA activities in simulation
    Elizabeth H Sinz
    Department of Anesthesiology, Office of Education Affairs, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, H187, 500 University Drive, P O Box 850, Hershey, PA 17033 0850, USA
    Anesthesiol Clin 25:209-23. 2007
    ..The ASA is hoping to capitalize on anesthesiology's long involvement and leadership in simulation-based health care education to help bring about this revolution...
  48. ncbi Unannounced standardised patients in real practice: a systematic literature review
    Jan Joost Rethans
    Skillslab, Faculty of Medicine, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Med Educ 41:537-49. 2007
    ..No attempt has been made to give a systematic overview of the innovative use of unannounced or incognito standardised patients...
  49. ncbi Have standardized patient examinations stood the test of time and experience?
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois, USA
    Teach Learn Med 16:215-22. 2004
  50. pmc Human patient simulation in a pharmacotherapy course
    Amy L Seybert
    School of Pharmacy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Am J Pharm Educ 72:37. 2008
    To incorporate human patient simulation (HPS) into a pharmacotherapy course and evaluate its impact on students' satisfaction and mastery of course objectives.
  51. ncbi Could simulated emergency procedures practised in a static environment improve the clinical performance of a Critical Care Air Support Team (CCAST)? A literature review
    Di Lamb
    RAF Lyneham, Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron, Chippenham, Wiltshire SN15 4PZ, United Kingdom
    Intensive Crit Care Nurs 23:33-42. 2007
    ..Experiential learning utilised in the static environment could potentially improve the current CCAST training curriculum and, therefore, improve clinical performance during air transfer...
  52. ncbi Prospective randomized trial of simulation versus didactic teaching for obstetrical emergencies
    Kay Daniels
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    Simul Healthc 5:40-5. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether simulation was more effective than traditional didactic instruction to train crisis management skills to labor and delivery teams...
  53. ncbi Evaluation of a web-based interactive heart failure patient simulation: a pilot study
    Robert Wu
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Cardiol 27:369-75. 2011
    ..We sought to determine whether clinicians will use the web-based simulation of patients with heart failure and whether it will improve their knowledge compared to the latest heart failure guidelines...
  54. pmc Assessment of human patient simulation-based learning
    Brenda S Bray
    Department of Pharmacotherapy, College of Pharmacy, Washington State University, PO Box 1495, Spokane, WA 99210 1495, USA
    Am J Pharm Educ 75:208. 2011
    The most common types of assessment of human patient simulation are satisfaction and/or confidence surveys or tests of knowledge acquisition...
  55. ncbi In situ simulation in continuing education for the health care professions: a systematic review
    Michael A Rosen
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
    J Contin Educ Health Prof 32:243-54. 2012
    ..This article provides a systematic review of the in situ simulation literature and compares the state of the science and practice against principles of effective education and training design, delivery, and evaluation...
  56. ncbi Simulation for teaching normal delivery and shoulder dystocia to midwives in training
    A Reynolds
    Simulation Centre, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Portugal
    Educ Health (Abingdon) 23:405. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the effect on students' knowledge of a simulation session versus an image-based lecture, for teaching routine management of normal delivery and resolution of shoulder dystocia to midwives in training...
  57. ncbi Simulation and CRM
    Doris Ostergaard
    Danish Institute for Medical Simulation, Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen University, Herlev, Denmark
    Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 25:239-49. 2011
    ..The training should be established for the real team(s). Furthermore, leaders need to implement training in the organisation and establish databases to monitor the impact on patient outcome...
  58. ncbi Emotion, cognitive load and learning outcomes during simulation training
    Kristin Fraser
    Office of Undergraduate Medical Education, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Med Educ 46:1055-62. 2012
    ..This study was conducted to assess emotion during simulation training and to explore the relationships between emotion and cognitive load, and diagnostic performance...
  59. ncbi The evaluation of research methods during disaster exercises: applicability for improving disaster health management
    G A Guido Legemaate
    Fire Department Amsterdam Amstelland, Department of Crisis Management, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Prehosp Disaster Med 27:18-26. 2012
    ....
  60. ncbi Communicative competence in the delivery of bad news
    Cathy Gillotti
    Department of Communication, Purdue University, Calumet, USA
    Soc Sci Med 54:1011-23. 2002
    ....
  61. ncbi Widening the lens on standardized patient assessment: what the encounter can reveal about the development of clinical competence
    M Rose
    University of California, Los Angeles, UCLA School of Medicine 90095, USA
    Acad Med 76:856-9. 2001
    ....
  62. pmc Virtual patient simulation: what do students make of it? A focus group study
    Mihaela Botezatu
    Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Med Educ 10:91. 2010
    The learners' perspectives on Virtual Patient Simulation systems (VPS) are quintessential to their successful development and implementation...
  63. pmc Practice skill development through the use of human patient simulation
    Kathryn A Crea
    Riverside Methodist Hospital, Columbus, OH 43214, USA
    Am J Pharm Educ 75:188. 2011
    Human patient simulation (HPS) is used in health care education to enhance the transition from classroom learning to competent performance...
  64. pmc Medical students' application of published evidence: randomised trial
    Alan Schwartz
    Department of Medical Education m c 591, 808 South Wood Street, 986 CME, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612 7309, USA
    BMJ 326:536-8. 2003
    ..To determine how medical students apply research evidence that varies in validity of methods and importance of results to a clinical decision...
  65. ncbi Detecting breaches in defensive barriers using in situ simulation for obstetric emergencies
    William Riley
    Department of Health Policy and Management and Associate Dean, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 0381, USA
    Qual Saf Health Care 19:i53-6. 2010
    ..This study uses in situ simulation to identify defensive barriers and classify the nature of active and latent breaches in these barriers...
  66. ncbi Coordination in nurses' listening activities and communication about patient-nurse relationships
    Dorothy Ann Gilbert
    School of Nursing, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
    Res Nurs Health 27:447-57. 2004
    ..Thus, nurses' listening behavior, including coordination, may contribute to communication about patient-nurse relationships...
  67. ncbi Endocrine and psychological stress responses in a simulated emergency situation
    Ariane Keitel
    Department of Psychology, General Psychology II and Biological Psychology, University of Osnabrueck, Seminarstr 20, 49074 Osnabrueck, Germany
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 36:98-108. 2011
    Several studies have assessed the effects of training using patient simulation systems on medical skills...
  68. ncbi Virtual reality triage training provides a viable solution for disaster-preparedness
    Pamela B Andreatta
    Department of Medical Education, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 17:870-6. 2010
    ..Specifically, are there differences between the triage performances and posttest results of the two groups, and do both methods differentiate between learners of variable experience levels?..
  69. ncbi Faking it? Simulation in the training of obstetricians and gynaecologists
    Helgi Johannsson
    Bart s and the London Medical Simulation Centre, UK
    Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 17:557-61. 2005
    ..This paper discusses the use of simulation as a training tool in obstetrics and gynaecology...
  70. ncbi The skill of summary in clinician-patient communication: a case study
    Sally Quilligan
    University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 86:354-9. 2012
    ..To investigate the use and impact of the micro-skill of summary in clinical encounters, a core skill that has little empirical investigation of its use and outcomes...
  71. ncbi Exhaled air dispersion and removal is influenced by isolation room size and ventilation settings during oxygen delivery via nasal cannula
    David S Hui
    Stanley Ho Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Respirology 16:1005-13. 2011
    ..We compared the exhaled air dispersion distances during oxygen delivery via nasal cannula to a human-patient simulator (HPS) in two different isolation rooms...
  72. ncbi An audible indication of exhalation increases delivered tidal volume during bag valve mask ventilation of a patient simulator
    Samsun Lampotang
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida, USA
    Anesth Analg 102:168-71. 2006
    ..001) increased mask ventilation of a patient simulator, suggesting that mask ventilation of a patient with a SIMR may also be increased by objective, real-time feedback of exhaled Vt...
  73. ncbi Exhaled air dispersion distances during noninvasive ventilation via different Respironics face masks
    David S Hui
    David S Hui, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
    Chest 136:998-1005. 2009
    ....
  74. ncbi In situ simulation for systems testing in newly constructed perinatal facilities
    G Jesse Bender
    Brown University Women and Infant s Hospital, Providence, RI 02905, USA
    Semin Perinatol 35:80-3. 2011
    ..Orchestrating immersive, realistic in-situ simulations minimizes surprises at transition and enhances patient satisfaction. Such endeavors substantially elevate the perception of the value of simulation within an institution...
  75. ncbi Measuring clinical practice parameters with human patient simulation: a pilot study
    Kavita Radhakrishnan
    University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA
    Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh 4:Article8. 2007
    ..009). The control and intervention groups' performances were similar in every other category. Replication of this pilot with a larger sample is recommended...
  76. ncbi Using high-fidelity patient simulation and an advanced distance education network to teach pharmacology to second-year medical students
    Darin K Via
    Department of Anesthesiology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    J Clin Anesth 16:144-51. 2004
    ....
  77. ncbi Educational and research implications of portable human patient simulation in acute care medicine
    Leo Kobayashi
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 15:1166-74. 2008
    ..The use of portable manikins and associated techniques may increasingly complement established instructional measures and research programs at acute care institutions and simulation centers...
  78. ncbi Professionalism and communication in the intensive care unit: reliability and validity of a simulated family conference
    Constance C Schmitz
    Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    Simul Healthc 3:224-38. 2008
    ..The study explores reliability and validity based on scores from contrasting rater groups (clinicians, SPs, and examinees)...
  79. ncbi Development of a formative assessment tool for measurement of performance in multi-professional resuscitation teams
    Peter Oluf Andersen
    Danish Institute for Medical Simulation, Herlev Hospital, Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark
    Resuscitation 81:703-11. 2010
    ....
  80. ncbi An objective structured clinical examination for evaluating psychiatric clinical clerks
    B Hodges
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Med 72:715-21. 1997
    ..To assess the feasibility, reliability, and validity of an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) for psychiatric clinical clerks...
  81. ncbi The validity of performance assessments using simulation
    J H Devitt
    Department of Anaesthesia, University of Toronto, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Ontario, Canada
    Anesthesiology 95:36-42. 2001
    ..The authors wished to determine whether a simulator-based evaluation technique assessing clinical performance could demonstrate construct validity and determine the subjects' perception of realism of the evaluation process...
  82. ncbi Videotaped simulated interviews to improve medical students' skills in disclosing a diagnosis of cancer
    Angélique Bonnaud-Antignac
    University of Nantes, Faculty of Medicine, Nantes, France
    Psychooncology 19:975-81. 2010
    ..To assess the performance of the training course on the disclosure of a diagnosis of cancer intended for fifth year medical students of the University of Nantes...
  83. ncbi Using standardized patients in advanced practice nursing education
    Judith A Vessey
    Boston College School of Nursing, Cushing Hall, 140 Commonwealth Drive, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467 3812, USA
    J Prof Nurs 18:29-35. 2002
    ..This reinforced our position that multiple site visits by faculty to students and their preceptors at all their clinical sites are necessary to accurately evaluate students' clinical performance...
  84. ncbi CAMPUS--a flexible, interactive system for web-based, problem-based learning in health care
    Franz Ruderich
    Laboratory for Computer based Teaching and Learning Systems in Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    Stud Health Technol Inform 107:921-5. 2004
    ..But further studies are necessary to examine if the program will be used for the self-study and to develop further kinds of using scenarios within problem-based curricula...
  85. ncbi Perspective: authentic patient perspectives in simulations for procedural and surgical skills
    Debra Nestel
    Gippsland Medical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
    Acad Med 85:889-93. 2010
    ..The essay concludes with speculation on the value of a "complementarity" model that acknowledges the authentic and equal perspectives of patients, students, clinicians, and teachers...
  86. ncbi The use of standardised patients to assess clinical competence: does practice make perfect?
    Barry Stimmel
    Graduate Medical Education, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    Med Educ 40:444-9. 2006
    ..This new requirement has caused more schools to include SP examinations (SPEs) in their curricula. This study reviews the effect of prior experience with SPs in a medical school curriculum on SPE pass rates...
  87. ncbi When only the real thing will do: junior medical students' learning from real patients
    Kathryn Bell
    University of Manchester Medical School, Manchester M6 8HD, UK
    Med Educ 43:1036-43. 2009
    ..This study aimed to explore how medical students experience contacts with real patients and what they learn from them...
  88. ncbi Fostering patient safety competencies using multiple-patient simulation experiences
    Pamela M Ironside
    Center for Research in Nursing Education at Indiana University School of Nursing, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Nurs Outlook 57:332-7. 2009
    This multisite study examined the impact of multiple-patient simulation experiences on the development of nursing students' patient safety competencies in the final semester of their baccalaureate or associate degree nursing program...
  89. ncbi Feedback by simulated patients in undergraduate medical education: a systematic review of the literature
    Lonneke Bokken
    Department of Educational Development and Research, Faculty of Health, Life Sciences and Medicine, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Med Educ 43:202-10. 2009
    ..This study aimed to provide a systematic overview of the ways in which SPs provide feedback to undergraduate medical students, the domains in which SPs provide feedback and the ways in which SPs are trained to provide feedback...
  90. ncbi Can simulations measure empathy? Considerations on how to assess behavioral empathy via simulations
    Arianne Teherani
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0410, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 71:148-52. 2008
    ....
  91. pmc Analysis of role-play in medical communication training using a theatrical device the fourth wall
    Torild Jacobsen
    Section for General Practice, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Med Educ 6:51. 2006
    ..The aim of this article is to explore the positions and didactic functions of the fourth wall in medical communication training, using a role-play model basically similar to a theatrical performance...
  92. ncbi "Practicing" medicine without risk: students' and educators' responses to high-fidelity patient simulation
    J A Gordon
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, CLN 115, Boston, MA 02114 2696, USA
    Acad Med 76:469-72. 2001
    To understand the responses of medical students and educators to high-fidelity patient simulation, a new technology allowing "practice without risk."
  93. ncbi Utilizing theatrical tools in consultation training. A way to facilitate students' reflection on action?
    Anders Baerheim
    Section of General Practice, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Norway
    Med Teach 27:652-4. 2005
    ..We conclude that our way of creating fiction and manipulating temporality in the consultation training was paralleled by most students' report on substantial learning feed-forward abilities from reflection on action...
  94. pmc "Oh! She doesn't speak English!" Assessing resident competence in managing linguistic and cultural barriers
    Sondra Zabar
    Primary Care Internal Medicine Residency Program, Division of General Internal Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:510-3. 2006
    ..Residents must master complex skills to care for culturally and linguistically diverse patients...
  95. ncbi Training for shoulder dystocia: a trial of simulation using low-fidelity and high-fidelity mannequins
    Joanna F Crofts
    Simulation and Fire drill Evaluation SaFE Study, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, North Bristol National Health Service Trust, Southmead Hospital, and University Department of Clinical Sciences at South Bristol, University of Bristol, UK
    Obstet Gynecol 108:1477-85. 2006
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of simulation training for shoulder dystocia management and compare training using a high-fidelity mannequin with that using traditional devices...
  96. ncbi Teaching motivational interviewing: using role play is as effective as using simulated patients
    Claire Lane
    Department of Nursing, Health and Social Care Research Centre, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
    Med Educ 42:637-44. 2008
    ..Practice and rehearsal is often beneficial in helping practitioners to acquire communication skills, but there have been few studies into what types of practice and rehearsal are most effective...
  97. ncbi A comparison of two methods to teach smoking-cessation techniques to medical students
    M A Papadakis
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine 94143, USA
    Acad Med 72:725-7. 1997
    ..To evaluate two smoking-cessation practice exercises, one using standardized patients (SPs), the other using role playing by medical students...
  98. ncbi Casualty collection in mass-casualty incidents: a better method for finding proverbial needles in a haystack
    Kristina E Knotts
    Genesys Regional Medical Center, Grand Blanc, MI 48439, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 21:459-64. 2006
    ..Poor lighting due to time of day, inclement weather, and power outages can make locating patients difficult. Efficient methods of locating patients allow for quicker transport to definitive care...
  99. ncbi Communicating bad news: a pediatric department's evaluation of a simulated intervention
    L W Greenberg
    Office of Medical Education, Children s National Medical Center, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC, USA
    Pediatrics 103:1210-7. 1999
    ..To determine if pediatric residents and emergency department (ED) fellows could improve their ability to counsel and inform standardized patients (SPs) about bad news...
  100. ncbi Demonstration of high-fidelity simulation team training for emergency medicine
    S D Small
    Department of Anesthesiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 6:312-23. 1999
    ..The authors hope to engage the EM community in a wide-ranging discussion and handson exploration of these methods...
  101. ncbi Transfer of communication skills training from workshop to workplace: the impact of clinical supervision
    Cathy Heaven
    Cancer Research UK Psychological Medicine Group, Manchester, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 60:313-25. 2006
    ..This paper reports a study which investigated the potential of clinical supervision in enhancing the transfer process...

Research Grants70

  1. Evaluating the Impact of Simulated Team Training on Patient Safety
    Daniel Scott; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] DESCRIPTION (not provided by the applicant): [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. PETS-D: Parent Education Through Simulation-Diabetes
    Susan Sullivan-Bolyai; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..this multi-site randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the efficacy of the intervention (HPS-PTE=Human Patient Simulation-Parent Teaching Enhancement) with 128 indexed mothers or fathers of children (5-12 years old) newly ..
  3. SIMLAB: Using Patient Simulation for Student Exploration of Community Health Issu
    PATRICIA LEAH WARD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..applicant): The Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago seeks SEPA funds over five years for SIMLAB: Using Patient Simulation for Student Exploration of Community Health Issues, (the Project), an innovative collaboration between the ..
  4. Disseminating Evidence-Based Clinical Guidelines through Integrated Technologies
    Dongwen Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the original text guidelines to user-friendly online resources, multimedia learning modules, interactive patient simulation and clinical decision tools, as well as technology-mediated behavioral interventions for knowledge ..
  5. Virtual Patient Sexual History Interview Simulation
    Margaret McCarthy; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The use of computer-assisted simulation programs is changing the methodologies of medical education. Patient simulation is used by anesthesiologists, radiologists, surgeons and others to provide an endless array of possible ..
  6. MULTIMEDIA INSTRUCTION & TESTING OF CARDIAC EXAMINATION
    DAVID CRILEY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..CD-ROM format and actual data it will provide a more realistic and less expensive alternative to the patient simulation devices now on the market...
  7. Competencies Training &Assessment in LaboratoryMedicine UsingPatientSimulations
    Fred R Dee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..applicant): This proposal is designed to develop and evaluate a novel web-based model for computer assisted patient simulation that can be used for performance-based competency assessment and education...
  8. Virtual Health Care Environments versus Traditional Interactive Team Training
    JEFFREY TAEKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., high fidelity patient simulation), and (3) evaluation of the resulting experimental data along with realistic cost estimates to design and ..
  9. Defining the Learning Curve in Research Trials
    JEFFREY TAEKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Simulation is considered a top methodology for learning complex behaviors. The use of high-fidelity patient simulation in clinical research training is expected to improve the coordinator's acquisition of the knowledge, skills, ..
  10. PATIENT-CENTERED CARE AND HEALTH CARE COSTS
    Ronald Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. The Epidemiology of Fecal Incontinence after Childbirth
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These data will provide a better understanding of the extent of the problem and will provide data essential for future trials of prevention and treatment of fecal incontinence. ..
  12. Evaluating the Clinical Impact of Simulation & Team Training on OB Safety
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our current work evaluates performance in the simulated environment; this proposal focuses on the translation of simulation and team training to the clinical environment. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Improving Safety and Quality with Integrated Technology
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The findings, though applied specifically for OB, can be applied to many areas of medicine and surgery. The findings will provide inpatient and outpatient HIT stakeholders needed information to make important decisions. ..
  14. Genetic Counseling Processes and Analogue Client Outcome
    Debra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Philippine Child Health and Policy Experiment
    John Peabody; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Amelioration of Literacy Deficits in Prenatal Care
    Debra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  17. Older Mothers and Adult Daughters: High Blood Pressure Self Management Behaviors
    Celeste Shawler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The candidate plans to further examine the significance of inner strength and modifiable health behaviors of older women with hypertension. ..
  18. Cultural Competency Training in Latino Health
    Desiree Lie; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A central web resource will disseminate case-based instruction and relevant pertinent research on health disparities. ..
  19. Behavioral and Physiological Responses to Race-Related Stress in Diabetic Women
    Julie Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. The Impact of HMO's on Disparties
    Kevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If the study hypotheses are confirmed, the findings will underscore the need for HMOs to track and address disparities among their members if the Healthy People 2010 for the elimination of disparities is to be achieved. ..
  21. Outcome and Quality of Life after Diabetic Stroke
    Brett Kissela; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It is the goal of the Prinicipal Investigator to become an expert in epidemiology and outcomes research and to use clinical research to improve the lives of diabetic patients with stroke. ..
  22. Using Social Risk to Guide Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Preventive Treatment
    Kevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Implementation of such a global risk tool could ultimately help justify implementation of more intensive behavioral interventions focusing on diet, exercise, smoking cessation and medication adherence for those at highest social risk. ..
  23. Vocational Rehabilitation Training Simulation for the Psychiatrically Disabled
    Dale Olsen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Society benefits from regaining the productive potential of people who may otherwise be marginalized and from increasing the diversity of our nation's workforce. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Exercise to Relieve Cancer-Related Insomnia and Fatigue
    Elizabeth Coleman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..As their physical activity and functional status improve, patients can continue to manage their activities of daily living and may be more likely to continue cancer treatment, thus increasing their survival chances. ..
  25. Sedation Effects in Mechanically Ventilated Patients
    Mary Jo Grap; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. IS NON-ADHERENCE A REVEALED PREFERENCE
    Leslie Lenert; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We will also use an expert panel to assess the clinical match between patients' regimens and their preferences. ..
  27. Patient-Centeredness in Care of Vulnerable Populations
    Mary Catherine Beach; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. In Situ Simulation to Detect and Prevent Near Misses during Critical Events
    William Riley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our intervention to improve patient safety is based on an advanced set of event sets and debriefing techniques in use by the Federal Aviation Agency (FAA). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Communication Analysis of BRCA1 Genetic Counseling
    Lee Ellington; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Predictor variables of participant adjustment include: sociodemographics, communication factors (e.g., medical information), kindred, pre-test distress levels, and carrier status. ..
  30. Testing a video to improve provider-patient interaction
    Deborah Helitzer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This research addresses the priorities of announcement PAR-04-117 "Understanding and Promoting Health Literacy." ..
  31. Technology to Automatically Detect Early Signs of Illness in Senior Housing
    Marilyn J Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Subjects will not use any expensive telehealth equipment or wear any devices. We propose to use this information to detect changes in health status which could indicate an impending acute illness or exacerbation of chronic illness. ..
  32. Treatment Models for Primary and Chronic HIV Infection
    Rochelle Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Rochelle Walensky with a firm basis for career development as an independent, patient-oriented clinical researcher at the interface of these critical areas. ..
  33. Clinical Decisions with Older Patients: 3rd Experiment
    John McKinlay; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The most recent issue of AJPH (February 2003) highlights the urgent need for comparative analyses of different health systems in order to provide policy lessons for the rapidly changing US health care system. ..
  34. Randomized Control Trial of Mifepristone for Fibroids
    Kevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The study may also offer valuable insight into a mechanism by which mifepristone reduces fibroid size. ..
  35. PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARDS DEATH AND ORGAN PROCUREMENT
    Laura Siminoff; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Finally, a community dialogue will be implemented to interpret and disseminate the findings and provide recommendations to policy makers. ..
  36. Prevention Unintentional Mechanical Birth Injuries
    Edith Gurewitsch; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..to conduct a small, randomized clinical trial comparing clinician-applied forces following McRoberts' maneuver (a maternal manipulation) and following Rubin's maneuver (a fetal manipulation). ..
  37. NMDA Receptor Phosphorylation and Trafficking after Pain
    Gary Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Both phosphorylation and trafficking, from intracellular stores to the postsynaptic site, of NMDA receptors in dorsal horn neurons will be investigated as they relate to central pain hypersensitivity . ..
  38. Predicting Chemotherapy-Induced Mucositis with Genetic and Clinical Factors
    ELIZABETH ANN contact COLEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus, this study will accelerate nursing advancements to the "Science of Health". ..
  39. THERAPEUTIC RESEARCH CONSENT--EMPIRICAL/ETHICAL ANALYSIS
    Laura Siminoff; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  40. In Between: Web based CE Program on Caring for Aging Parents
    Lisa Marceau; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The purpose of the proposed program is to develop a web-based CE program for nurses and social workers that focus on the non-medical concerns of families. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  41. REDUCING VIOLENCE AGAINST NURSING HOME CAREGIVERS
    Donna Gates; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Data analysis will also determine whether the intervention group demonstrated a significant difference in violence prevention skills than the control group. ..
  42. Appraisal Delay and Disparities in Timely Cancer Diagnosis
    Laura A Siminoff; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  43. Trajectories of Urologic Disease: Follow-up of BACH
    John McKinlay; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  44. Do Reporting Biases Mitigate Disparity Estimates?
    Kevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. Partnering to Reduce Obesity with Environmental Changes
    Donna Gates; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Organization Change to Improve Nursing Home Enviroment
    Jules Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Outcomes from the administrative perspective will include a "gap analysis which assesses how closely the desired goals of a program are achieved, as well as some financial markers of cost savings. ..
  47. Racial Differences in Geriatric Antidepressant Adherence
    HELEN KALES; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Social Conversation Training Simulation for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
    Dale Olsen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. Optimizing strategies for universal HIV testing
    Rochelle P Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The scientific basis for early detection of HIV infection and aggressive linkage to care has been successfully laid. The challenge now is to identify effective, affordable, and cost-effective implementation mechanisms. ..
  50. ADULT DEPRESSION, SUICIDAL IDEATION AND PERSONALITY
    Paul Duberstein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  51. A Randomized Trial of Home Self-Efficacy Enhancement
    Anthony Jerant; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The findings will help policymakers, payers, and providers identify which interventions to implement. ..
  52. Substance Abuse Diagnostic Clinical Interview Simulation
    Dale Olsen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If successful, it will provide a tool to enable students to learn critical skills that will help them interact with and diagnose patients in a more accurate and efficient manner. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. Spectroscopic X-ray Bone Densitometry
    Thomas Beck; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The disease is characterized by low bone mass, leading to enhanced bone fragility and a significant increase in the risk of fractures, which is typically diagnosed by bone densitometer [1,2]. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. MODULATING ENDOTHELIAL ADAPTATION TO FLOW
    GARY NACKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Conceivably, the responsible mediator(s) could be used as an adjunct in the development of new prosthetic or tissue- engineered biosynthetic grafts. ..
  55. PHARMACOLOGY OF ANESTHETICS IN HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK
    Ken Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. CANCER AWARENESS NETWORK FOR IMMIGRANT MINORITY POPULATI
    Francesca Gany; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. A Website for Outpatient Quality of Life Assessment
    Albert Wu; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The overall impact will be to enhance the comprehensiveness of data available for clinical research. ..
  58. Meals on Wheels Volunteers as Health Literacy Coaches for Older Adults
    Vicki S Freimuth; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings will advance understanding of interactional health literacy. ..
  59. Effects of Establishing focus in the Medical Interview
    Lynne Robins; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If successful, it should be easily disseminated into many practice settings as well as incorporated into professional training. ..
  60. Detecting Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults
    Paul Duberstein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Findings will help guide the development of screening instruments, educational and clinical interventions, and surveillance strategies to lessen the public health impact of unrecognized and untreated depression. ..
  61. Multilevel Intervention to Improve Nursing Home Outcomes
    Marilyn Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Similarly, we will observe processes of care delivery before, during and after the multilevel intervention to describe the adoption of the care delivery strategies recommended in the intervention. ..
  62. Disparate Metastatic Breast Cancer Symptom Severity and Management Barriers
    Margaret Rosenzweig; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Supportive activities will take place at the Yale University School of Nursing, Harvard University and through the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. ..
  63. Simulation Training for Ultrasound Guided Central Venous Catheter Insertion
    LEIGH EVANS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. A New Measure of Nursing Home Care Quality
    Marilyn Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  65. Preparing rural and urban hospitals to improve safety culture through simulation
    David Gaba; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will also use multiple methods, including process measures and participant evaluations, to evaluate simulation qualitatively. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..