patient simulation

Summary

Summary: The use of persons coached to feign symptoms or conditions of real diseases in a life-like manner in order to teach or evaluate medical personnel.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Human patient simulation is effective for teaching paramedic students endotracheal intubation
    Robert E Hall
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 12:850-5. 2005
  2. pmc Elective course in acute care using online learning and patient simulation
    Amy L Seybert
    University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy, USA
    Am J Pharm Educ 75:54. 2011
  3. ncbi Features and uses of high-fidelity medical simulations that lead to effective learning: a BEME systematic review
    S Barry Issenberg
    Center for Research in Medical Education, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA
    Med Teach 27:10-28. 2005
  4. doi Virtual patients: a critical literature review and proposed next steps
    David A Cook
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Med Educ 43:303-11. 2009
  5. doi Tools for direct observation and assessment of clinical skills of medical trainees: a systematic review
    Jennifer R Kogan
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Health System, 3701 Market St, Ste 640, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 302:1316-26. 2009
  6. pmc Peer role-play and standardised patients in communication training: a comparative study on the student perspective on acceptability, realism, and perceived effect
    Hans M Bosse
    Clinic I General Paediatrics, Centre of Child and Adolescent Medicine, Heidelberg, Germany
    BMC Med Educ 10:27. 2010
  7. doi Threat and challenge: cognitive appraisal and stress responses in simulated trauma resuscitations
    Adrian Harvey
    Wilson Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 44:587-94. 2010
  8. ncbi Low- to high-fidelity simulation - a continuum of medical education?
    N J Maran
    Scottish Clinical Simulation Centre, Stirling Royal Infirmary, Livilands Gate, Stirling, UK
    Med Educ 37:22-8. 2003
  9. doi Building a virtual patient commons
    Rachel Ellaway
    University of London, UK
    Med Teach 30:170-4. 2008
  10. doi Simulation-based assessment in anesthesiology: requirements for practical implementation
    John R Boulet
    Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Anesthesiology 112:1041-52. 2010

Detail Information

Publications294 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Human patient simulation is effective for teaching paramedic students endotracheal intubation
    Robert E Hall
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 12:850-5. 2005
    ..The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether the endotracheal intubation (ETI) success rate is different among paramedic students trained on a human patient simulator versus on human subjects in the operating room (OR)...
  2. pmc Elective course in acute care using online learning and patient simulation
    Amy L Seybert
    University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy, USA
    Am J Pharm Educ 75:54. 2011
    To enhance students' knowledge of and critical-thinking skills in the management of acutely ill patients using online independent learning partnered with high-fidelity patient simulation sessions.
  3. ncbi Features and uses of high-fidelity medical simulations that lead to effective learning: a BEME systematic review
    S Barry Issenberg
    Center for Research in Medical Education, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA
    Med Teach 27:10-28. 2005
    ..1969 to 2003, 34 years...
  4. doi Virtual patients: a critical literature review and proposed next steps
    David A Cook
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Med Educ 43:303-11. 2009
    ..Virtual patients (VPs), which take the form of interactive computer-based clinical scenarios, may help to reconcile this paradox...
  5. doi Tools for direct observation and assessment of clinical skills of medical trainees: a systematic review
    Jennifer R Kogan
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Health System, 3701 Market St, Ste 640, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 302:1316-26. 2009
    ..Multiple tools for direct observation are available, but their characteristics and outcomes have not been compared systematically...
  6. pmc Peer role-play and standardised patients in communication training: a comparative study on the student perspective on acceptability, realism, and perceived effect
    Hans M Bosse
    Clinic I General Paediatrics, Centre of Child and Adolescent Medicine, Heidelberg, Germany
    BMC Med Educ 10:27. 2010
    ..To assess the student perspective on acceptability, realism, and perceived effect of communication training with peer role play (RP) and standardised patients (SP)...
  7. doi Threat and challenge: cognitive appraisal and stress responses in simulated trauma resuscitations
    Adrian Harvey
    Wilson Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 44:587-94. 2010
    ..As such, training for high-acuity events should include interventions targeting stress management skills...
  8. ncbi Low- to high-fidelity simulation - a continuum of medical education?
    N J Maran
    Scottish Clinical Simulation Centre, Stirling Royal Infirmary, Livilands Gate, Stirling, UK
    Med Educ 37:22-8. 2003
    ..These range from simple part-task training models to highly sophisticated computer driven models...
  9. doi Building a virtual patient commons
    Rachel Ellaway
    University of London, UK
    Med Teach 30:170-4. 2008
    ....
  10. doi Simulation-based assessment in anesthesiology: requirements for practical implementation
    John R Boulet
    Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Anesthesiology 112:1041-52. 2010
    ....
  11. doi The minimal relationship between simulation fidelity and transfer of learning
    Geoff Norman
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 46:636-47. 2012
    ..This fails to clarify the relationship between simulator fidelity and learning, and whether comparable gains might be achieved at substantially lower cost...
  12. ncbi Managing the deteriorating patient in a simulated environment: nursing students' knowledge, skill and situation awareness
    Simon Cooper
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Gippsland Campus, Churchill, Vic, Australia
    J Clin Nurs 19:2309-18. 2010
    ..To examine, in a simulated environment, the ability of final-year nursing students to assess, identify and respond to patients either deteriorating or at risk of deterioration...
  13. ncbi A modified electronic key feature examination for undergraduate medical students: validation threats and opportunities
    Martin R Fischer
    Klinikum der Universitat Munchen, Medizinische Klinik Innenstadt, Munchen, Germany
    Med Teach 27:450-5. 2005
    ..44 and 0.47) as well as the learners' level of acceptance. The modified electronic KF examination is a feasible and reliable evaluation tool that may be implemented for the assessment of clinical undergraduate training...
  14. ncbi Videotaped simulated interviews to improve medical students' skills in disclosing a diagnosis of cancer
    Angélique Bonnaud-Antignac
    University of Nantes, Faculty of Medicine, Nantes, France
    Psychooncology 19:975-81. 2010
    ..To assess the performance of the training course on the disclosure of a diagnosis of cancer intended for fifth year medical students of the University of Nantes...
  15. ncbi Teaching medical students and residents skills for delivering bad news: a review of strategies
    Marcy E Rosenbaum
    University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52245, USA
    Acad Med 79:107-17. 2004
    ....
  16. ncbi Hospital, simulation center, and teamwork training for eclampsia management: a randomized controlled trial
    Denise Ellis
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, North Bristol NHS Trust, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Obstet Gynecol 111:723-31. 2008
    ..To compare the effectiveness of training for eclampsia in local hospitals and a regional simulation center, with and without teamwork theory...
  17. ncbi Using simulated interviews to teach junior medical students to disclose the diagnosis of cancer
    Stephane Supiot
    Department of Human and Social Sciences, Medical Faculty of Nantes, Nantes, France
    J Cancer Educ 23:102-7. 2008
    ..Disclosing cancer is a difficult task for junior doctors...
  18. doi Design for learning: deconstructing virtual patient activities
    Rachel H Ellaway
    Northern Ontario School of Medicine, Canada
    Med Teach 33:303-10. 2011
    ..This article attempts to deconstruct the virtual patient concept by developing a model of virtual patients as artifacts with intrinsic encoded properties and emergent constructed properties that build on the core concept of 'activity'...
  19. doi Simulation and CRM
    Doris Ostergaard
    Danish Institute for Medical Simulation, Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen University, Herlev, Denmark
    Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 25:239-49. 2011
    ..The training should be established for the real team(s). Furthermore, leaders need to implement training in the organisation and establish databases to monitor the impact on patient outcome...
  20. pmc A human factors analysis of technical and team skills among surgical trainees during procedural simulations in a simulated operating theatre
    Krishna Moorthy
    Imperial College St Mary s Hospital Simulation Group, Department of Surgical Oncology and Technology, Imperial College, London
    Ann Surg 242:631-9. 2005
    ..High-risk organizations such as aviation rely on simulations for the training and assessment of technical and team performance. The aim of this study was to develop a simulated environment for surgical trainees using similar principles...
  21. ncbi Development of a formative assessment tool for measurement of performance in multi-professional resuscitation teams
    Peter Oluf Andersen
    Danish Institute for Medical Simulation, Herlev Hospital, Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark
    Resuscitation 81:703-11. 2010
    ....
  22. doi Design principles for virtual patients: a focus group study among students
    Sören Huwendiek
    Department of Paediatrics, University Children s Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany
    Med Educ 43:580-8. 2009
    ..This study aimed to examine what students perceive as the ideal features of virtual patient (VP) design in order to foster learning with a special focus on clinical reasoning...
  23. ncbi The use of simulated patients and role-play in communication skills training: a review of the literature to August 2005
    Claire Lane
    Nursing, Health and Social Care Research Centre, Cardiff University, School of Nursing and Midwifery Studies, Cardiff CF24 0AB, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 67:13-20. 2007
    ....
  24. ncbi Cognitive simulators for medical education and training
    Kanav Kahol
    Human Machine Symbiosis Laboratory, Center for Cognition and Decision Making, Department of Biomedical Informatics, School of Computing and Informatics, Arizona State University, Tempe, 45 N 5th Street 235, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA
    J Biomed Inform 42:593-604. 2009
    ..The results of two pilot studies are presented that show the validity of the methodology in providing an effective evaluation and learning environments for surgeons...
  25. pmc Observational Skill-based Clinical Assessment tool for Resuscitation (OSCAR): development and validation
    S Walker
    Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, St Mary s Hospital Campus, 10th Floor QEQM Building, St Mary s Hospital, Praed Street, London W2 1NY, UK
    Resuscitation 82:835-44. 2011
    ..Specifically, we sought to develop a tool that is feasible to use and psychometrically sound to assess team behaviours during cardiac arrest resuscitation attempts...
  26. pmc A structured literature review on the use of high fidelity patient simulators for teaching in emergency medicine
    J McFetrich
    Northumbria Healthcare Trust, Stocksfield, Northumberland, UK
    Emerg Med J 23:509-11. 2006
    ..This literature review examines the use of simulators for teaching in emergency medicine and covers some of their advantages and disadvantages, and evidence for their use...
  27. ncbi Virtual reality triage training provides a viable solution for disaster-preparedness
    Pamela B Andreatta
    Department of Medical Education, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 17:870-6. 2010
    ..Specifically, are there differences between the triage performances and posttest results of the two groups, and do both methods differentiate between learners of variable experience levels?..
  28. ncbi Coordination in nurses' listening activities and communication about patient-nurse relationships
    Dorothy Ann Gilbert
    School of Nursing, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
    Res Nurs Health 27:447-57. 2004
    ..Thus, nurses' listening behavior, including coordination, may contribute to communication about patient-nurse relationships...
  29. doi Detecting breaches in defensive barriers using in situ simulation for obstetric emergencies
    William Riley
    Department of Health Policy and Management and Associate Dean, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 0381, USA
    Qual Saf Health Care 19:i53-6. 2010
    ..This study uses in situ simulation to identify defensive barriers and classify the nature of active and latent breaches in these barriers...
  30. doi The evaluation of research methods during disaster exercises: applicability for improving disaster health management
    G A Guido Legemaate
    Fire Department Amsterdam Amstelland, Department of Crisis Management, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Prehosp Disaster Med 27:18-26. 2012
    ....
  31. ncbi Increasing oncologists' skills in eliciting and responding to emotional cues: evaluation of a communication skills training program
    Phyllis Butow
    Medical Psychology Research Unit, School of Psychology, Brenan McCallum Building, A18, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW 2006, Australia
    Psychooncology 17:209-18. 2008
    ..Psychological morbidity in cancer patients is common, but often undetected and untreated. We developed a communication skills training (CST) program targeting this issue, and evaluated its impact on doctor behaviour...
  32. doi Endocrine and psychological stress responses in a simulated emergency situation
    Ariane Keitel
    Department of Psychology, General Psychology II and Biological Psychology, University of Osnabrueck, Seminarstr 20, 49074 Osnabrueck, Germany
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 36:98-108. 2011
    Several studies have assessed the effects of training using patient simulation systems on medical skills...
  33. pmc Virtual patient simulation: what do students make of it? A focus group study
    Mihaela Botezatu
    Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Med Educ 10:91. 2010
    The learners' perspectives on Virtual Patient Simulation systems (VPS) are quintessential to their successful development and implementation...
  34. ncbi Widening the lens on standardized patient assessment: what the encounter can reveal about the development of clinical competence
    M Rose
    University of California, Los Angeles, UCLA School of Medicine 90095, USA
    Acad Med 76:856-9. 2001
    ....
  35. ncbi Mobile in situ obstetric emergency simulation and teamwork training to improve maternal-fetal safety in hospitals
    Jeanne Marie Guise
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregan Health and Science University, Portland, Oregan, USA
    Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 36:443-53. 2010
    ..Increasingly, health care providers, hospital administrators, and quality and safety professionals are considering simulation as a strategy to improve quality and patient safety...
  36. pmc Practice skill development through the use of human patient simulation
    Kathryn A Crea
    Riverside Methodist Hospital, Columbus, OH 43214, USA
    Am J Pharm Educ 75:188. 2011
    Human patient simulation (HPS) is used in health care education to enhance the transition from classroom learning to competent performance...
  37. ncbi The implementation and evaluation of a mandatory multi-professional obstetric skills training program
    Jette Led Sørensen
    Obstetric Department, The Juliane Marie Center for Children, Women and Reproduction, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 88:1107-17. 2009
    ..OBJECTIVE. To implement and evaluate a simulation-based training program. DESIGN. Descriptive...
  38. ncbi Communicative competence in the delivery of bad news
    Cathy Gillotti
    Department of Communication, Purdue University, Calumet, USA
    Soc Sci Med 54:1011-23. 2002
    ....
  39. pmc Medical students' application of published evidence: randomised trial
    Alan Schwartz
    Department of Medical Education m c 591, 808 South Wood Street, 986 CME, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612 7309, USA
    BMJ 326:536-8. 2003
    ..To determine how medical students apply research evidence that varies in validity of methods and importance of results to a clinical decision...
  40. ncbi Exhaled air dispersion distances during noninvasive ventilation via different Respironics face masks
    David S Hui
    David S Hui, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
    Chest 136:998-1005. 2009
    ....
  41. doi Exhaled air dispersion and removal is influenced by isolation room size and ventilation settings during oxygen delivery via nasal cannula
    David S Hui
    Stanley Ho Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Respirology 16:1005-13. 2011
    ..We compared the exhaled air dispersion distances during oxygen delivery via nasal cannula to a human-patient simulator (HPS) in two different isolation rooms...
  42. doi Looking in the mirror: self-debriefing versus instructor debriefing for simulated crises
    Sylvain Boet
    Department of Anesthesiology, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Crit Care Med 39:1377-81. 2011
    ..To examine the effectiveness of self-debriefing as compared to instructor debriefing in the change of nontechnical skills performance of anesthesiology residents...
  43. ncbi Faking it? Simulation in the training of obstetricians and gynaecologists
    Helgi Johannsson
    Bart s and the London Medical Simulation Centre, UK
    Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 17:557-61. 2005
    ..This paper discusses the use of simulation as a training tool in obstetrics and gynaecology...
  44. doi In situ simulation for systems testing in newly constructed perinatal facilities
    G Jesse Bender
    Brown University Women and Infant s Hospital, Providence, RI 02905, USA
    Semin Perinatol 35:80-3. 2011
    ..Orchestrating immersive, realistic in-situ simulations minimizes surprises at transition and enhances patient satisfaction. Such endeavors substantially elevate the perception of the value of simulation within an institution...
  45. ncbi Impact of stress on resident performance in simulated trauma scenarios
    Adrian Harvey
    Wilson Centre, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 72:497-503. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the stress responses and clinical performance of residents during low and high stress (HS) simulated trauma resuscitations...
  46. ncbi An audible indication of exhalation increases delivered tidal volume during bag valve mask ventilation of a patient simulator
    Samsun Lampotang
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida, USA
    Anesth Analg 102:168-71. 2006
    ..001) increased mask ventilation of a patient simulator, suggesting that mask ventilation of a patient with a SIMR may also be increased by objective, real-time feedback of exhaled Vt...
  47. doi The skill of summary in clinician-patient communication: a case study
    Sally Quilligan
    University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 86:354-9. 2012
    ..To investigate the use and impact of the micro-skill of summary in clinical encounters, a core skill that has little empirical investigation of its use and outcomes...
  48. ncbi Measuring clinical practice parameters with human patient simulation: a pilot study
    Kavita Radhakrishnan
    University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA
    Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh 4:Article8. 2007
    ..009). The control and intervention groups' performances were similar in every other category. Replication of this pilot with a larger sample is recommended...
  49. ncbi An objective structured clinical examination for evaluating psychiatric clinical clerks
    B Hodges
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Med 72:715-21. 1997
    ..To assess the feasibility, reliability, and validity of an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) for psychiatric clinical clerks...
  50. ncbi Using high-fidelity patient simulation and an advanced distance education network to teach pharmacology to second-year medical students
    Darin K Via
    Department of Anesthesiology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    J Clin Anesth 16:144-51. 2004
    ....
  51. doi Educational and research implications of portable human patient simulation in acute care medicine
    Leo Kobayashi
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 15:1166-74. 2008
    ..The use of portable manikins and associated techniques may increasingly complement established instructional measures and research programs at acute care institutions and simulation centers...
  52. ncbi Professionalism and communication in the intensive care unit: reliability and validity of a simulated family conference
    Constance C Schmitz
    Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    Simul Healthc 3:224-38. 2008
    ..The study explores reliability and validity based on scores from contrasting rater groups (clinicians, SPs, and examinees)...
  53. ncbi Perspective: authentic patient perspectives in simulations for procedural and surgical skills
    Debra Nestel
    Gippsland Medical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
    Acad Med 85:889-93. 2010
    ..The essay concludes with speculation on the value of a "complementarity" model that acknowledges the authentic and equal perspectives of patients, students, clinicians, and teachers...
  54. ncbi When only the real thing will do: junior medical students' learning from real patients
    Kathryn Bell
    University of Manchester Medical School, Manchester M6 8HD, UK
    Med Educ 43:1036-43. 2009
    ..This study aimed to explore how medical students experience contacts with real patients and what they learn from them...
  55. ncbi Peer assisted learning in patient-centred interviewing: the impact on student tutors
    Debra Nestel
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
    Med Teach 27:439-44. 2005
    ..Careful consideration needs to be given to ways in which student tutors are supported before, during and after the project...
  56. ncbi The use of standardised patients to assess clinical competence: does practice make perfect?
    Barry Stimmel
    Graduate Medical Education, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    Med Educ 40:444-9. 2006
    ..This new requirement has caused more schools to include SP examinations (SPEs) in their curricula. This study reviews the effect of prior experience with SPs in a medical school curriculum on SPE pass rates...
  57. ncbi Feedback by simulated patients in undergraduate medical education: a systematic review of the literature
    Lonneke Bokken
    Department of Educational Development and Research, Faculty of Health, Life Sciences and Medicine, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Med Educ 43:202-10. 2009
    ..This study aimed to provide a systematic overview of the ways in which SPs provide feedback to undergraduate medical students, the domains in which SPs provide feedback and the ways in which SPs are trained to provide feedback...
  58. ncbi Fostering patient safety competencies using multiple-patient simulation experiences
    Pamela M Ironside
    Center for Research in Nursing Education at Indiana University School of Nursing, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Nurs Outlook 57:332-7. 2009
    This multisite study examined the impact of multiple-patient simulation experiences on the development of nursing students' patient safety competencies in the final semester of their baccalaureate or associate degree nursing program...
  59. ncbi CAMPUS--a flexible, interactive system for web-based, problem-based learning in health care
    Franz Ruderich
    Laboratory for Computer based Teaching and Learning Systems in Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    Stud Health Technol Inform 107:921-5. 2004
    ..But further studies are necessary to examine if the program will be used for the self-study and to develop further kinds of using scenarios within problem-based curricula...
  60. ncbi Comparison of vignettes, standardized patients, and chart abstraction: a prospective validation study of 3 methods for measuring quality
    J W Peabody
    San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Institute for Global Health, University of California, 94105, USA
    JAMA 283:1715-22. 2000
    ..Better health care quality is a universal goal, yet measuring quality has proven to be difficult and problematic. A central problem has been isolating physician practices from other effects of the health care system...
  61. ncbi Using standardized patients in advanced practice nursing education
    Judith A Vessey
    Boston College School of Nursing, Cushing Hall, 140 Commonwealth Drive, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467 3812, USA
    J Prof Nurs 18:29-35. 2002
    ..This reinforced our position that multiple site visits by faculty to students and their preceptors at all their clinical sites are necessary to accurately evaluate students' clinical performance...
  62. doi Simulation as a tool to improve the safety of pre-hospital anaesthesia--a pilot study
    A J Batchelder
    University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester, UK
    Anaesthesia 64:978-83. 2009
    ..0 (0-1.8 [0-2]) vs 3.5 (1.5-4.8 [0-8], respectively; p = 0.011). Crew resource management behaviours also improved in later simulations. On a personal training needs analysis, participants reported increased confidence after the course...
  63. doi Can simulations measure empathy? Considerations on how to assess behavioral empathy via simulations
    Arianne Teherani
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0410, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 71:148-52. 2008
    ....
  64. ncbi Which basic communication skills in medicine are learnt spontaneously and which need to be taught and trained?
    Knut Aspegren
    Clinical Skills Laboratory, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospitals, Denmark
    Med Teach 27:539-43. 2005
    ..These discrepancies and subsequent gaps should be the focus of future training courses at both pre- and postgraduate level...
  65. pmc Analysis of role-play in medical communication training using a theatrical device the fourth wall
    Torild Jacobsen
    Section for General Practice, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Med Educ 6:51. 2006
    ..The aim of this article is to explore the positions and didactic functions of the fourth wall in medical communication training, using a role-play model basically similar to a theatrical performance...
  66. ncbi Communicating bad news: a pediatric department's evaluation of a simulated intervention
    L W Greenberg
    Office of Medical Education, Children s National Medical Center, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC, USA
    Pediatrics 103:1210-7. 1999
    ..To determine if pediatric residents and emergency department (ED) fellows could improve their ability to counsel and inform standardized patients (SPs) about bad news...
  67. ncbi An innovative model for teaching and learning clinical procedures
    Roger Kneebone
    Departments of Oncology and Surgical Technology, St Mary s Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK
    Med Educ 36:628-34. 2002
    ..Performing a clinical procedure requires the integration of technical clinical skills with effective communication skills. However, these skills are often taught separately...
  68. doi Teaching motivational interviewing: using role play is as effective as using simulated patients
    Claire Lane
    Department of Nursing, Health and Social Care Research Centre, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
    Med Educ 42:637-44. 2008
    ..Practice and rehearsal is often beneficial in helping practitioners to acquire communication skills, but there have been few studies into what types of practice and rehearsal are most effective...
  69. ncbi Training for shoulder dystocia: a trial of simulation using low-fidelity and high-fidelity mannequins
    Joanna F Crofts
    Simulation and Fire drill Evaluation SaFE Study, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, North Bristol National Health Service Trust, Southmead Hospital, and University Department of Clinical Sciences at South Bristol, University of Bristol, UK
    Obstet Gynecol 108:1477-85. 2006
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of simulation training for shoulder dystocia management and compare training using a high-fidelity mannequin with that using traditional devices...
  70. ncbi Training trauma teams in the Nordic countries: an overview and present status
    T Wisborg
    The BEST Foundation Better and Systematic Trauma Care, c o Department of Acute Medicine, Hammerfest Hospital, Hammerfest, Norway
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 49:1004-9. 2005
    ..This overview describes the present state of trauma team training in the Nordic countries...
  71. ncbi Transfer of communication skills training from workshop to workplace: the impact of clinical supervision
    Cathy Heaven
    Cancer Research UK Psychological Medicine Group, Manchester, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 60:313-25. 2006
    ..This paper reports a study which investigated the potential of clinical supervision in enhancing the transfer process...
  72. ncbi Explanatory models in the interpretations of clinical features of dental patients within a university dental education setting
    Gerardo Maupome
    Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente, Portland, Oregon 97227 1110, USA
    Eur J Dent Educ 6:2-8. 2002
    ....
  73. ncbi A comparison of two methods to teach smoking-cessation techniques to medical students
    M A Papadakis
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine 94143, USA
    Acad Med 72:725-7. 1997
    ..To evaluate two smoking-cessation practice exercises, one using standardized patients (SPs), the other using role playing by medical students...
  74. pmc "Oh! She doesn't speak English!" Assessing resident competence in managing linguistic and cultural barriers
    Sondra Zabar
    Primary Care Internal Medicine Residency Program, Division of General Internal Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:510-3. 2006
    ..Residents must master complex skills to care for culturally and linguistically diverse patients...
  75. ncbi Demonstration of high-fidelity simulation team training for emergency medicine
    S D Small
    Department of Anesthesiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 6:312-23. 1999
    ..The authors hope to engage the EM community in a wide-ranging discussion and handson exploration of these methods...
  76. ncbi The use of simulated patients in medical education: AMEE Guide No 42
    Jennifer A Cleland
    Division of Medical Education, Foresterhill Health Centre, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Med Teach 31:477-86. 2009
    ....
  77. ncbi Do students develop better motivational interviewing skills through role-play with standardised patients or with student colleagues?
    Anne L Mounsey
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
    Med Educ 40:775-80. 2006
    ..We wanted to determine whether using standardised patients to teach this skill to Year 3 medical students would be more effective than using student role-plays...
  78. ncbi "Practicing" medicine without risk: students' and educators' responses to high-fidelity patient simulation
    J A Gordon
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, CLN 115, Boston, MA 02114 2696, USA
    Acad Med 76:469-72. 2001
    To understand the responses of medical students and educators to high-fidelity patient simulation, a new technology allowing "practice without risk."
  79. ncbi Standardized patients' perceptions about their own health care
    P M Wallach
    University of South Florida College of Medicine, Office of Curriculum and Medical Education, MDC 54, 12901 Bruce B Downs Boulevard, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
    Teach Learn Med 13:227-31. 2001
    ..There have been detailed descriptions on standardized patients (SP) programs' effects on students, curricula, and faculty, yet little attention has been paid to the consequences of participating on the SP's...
  80. ncbi Utilizing theatrical tools in consultation training. A way to facilitate students' reflection on action?
    Anders Baerheim
    Section of General Practice, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Norway
    Med Teach 27:652-4. 2005
    ..We conclude that our way of creating fiction and manipulating temporality in the consultation training was paralleled by most students' report on substantial learning feed-forward abilities from reflection on action...
  81. ncbi Performance of first responders in simulated cardiac arrests
    Stephan C U Marsch
    Medical Intensive Care Unit, University of Basel, Switzerland
    Crit Care Med 33:963-7. 2005
    ..A second objective was to assess the effect of the early vs. late availability of a physician on the performance of nurse-based teams acting as first responders...
  82. ncbi Medical students taking the role of the mother in paediatric interview evaluation
    Maree O'Keefe
    University of Adelaide, Department of Paediatrics, Women s and Children s Hospital, North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Med Educ 38:294-301. 2004
    ..Medical students develop the skills required to interview parents and children through practice and by receiving feedback. Parental perceptions of medical student skills in child health interviews can be used to enhance student learning...
  83. ncbi Casualty collection in mass-casualty incidents: a better method for finding proverbial needles in a haystack
    Kristina E Knotts
    Genesys Regional Medical Center, Grand Blanc, MI 48439, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 21:459-64. 2006
    ..Poor lighting due to time of day, inclement weather, and power outages can make locating patients difficult. Efficient methods of locating patients allow for quicker transport to definitive care...
  84. ncbi Have standardized patient examinations stood the test of time and experience?
    Reed G Williams
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois, USA
    Teach Learn Med 16:215-22. 2004
  85. ncbi Unnecessary interruptions of cardiac massage during simulated cardiac arrests
    S C U Marsch
    University of Basel, Medical Intensive Care Unit, Basel, Switzerland
    Eur J Anaesthesiol 22:831-3. 2005
    ..There are no data on how consistent in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation is performed. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to identify length and type of unnecessary interruptions in simulated cardiac arrests...
  86. ncbi The use of standardized patients to teach and test interpersonal and communication skills with students in speech-language pathology
    Richard I Zraick
    Slot 772, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 W Markham Street, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205, USA
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 8:237-48. 2003
    ..After targeting these skills in all students via additional class lectures, there was a statistically and clinically significant improvement in their competency in this area on OSCE II. Student feedback was positive...
  87. ncbi Simulated and standardized patients in OSCEs: achievements and challenges 1992-2003
    Graceanne Adamo
    Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, National Capital Area Medical Simulation Center, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA
    Med Teach 25:262-70. 2003
    ....
  88. ncbi Identification of gaps in the achievement of undergraduate anesthesia educational objectives using high-fidelity patient simulation
    Pamela J Morgan
    Department of Anesthesia, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario
    Anesth Analg 97:1690-4. 2003
    In this study we sought to identify educational gaps in medical students' knowledge using human patient simulation. The Undergraduate Committee developed 10 scenarios based on anesthesia curriculum objectives...
  89. ncbi [Role playing as an essential element of simulation procedures in medicine]
    Peter Dieckmann
    Dänisches Institut für Medizinische Simulation DIMS, Herlev University Hospital, Herlev, Danemark
    Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 102:642-7. 2008
    ..We describe a plausibility study from skills labs demonstrating that the introduction of role-playing can increase perceived realism. Finally we derive practical suggestions for the conduction of role plays in medical simulation...
  90. ncbi Hitting the mark: negotiated marking and performance factors in the communication skills element of the VOICE examination
    Connie M D Wiskin
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, Medical School, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Med Educ 37:22-31. 2003
    ..This study measures the level of agreement between scoring examiners and role players, and considers their influence on each other. Examiner status and question choices are analysed as variables...
  91. ncbi Psychometric characteristics of simulation-based assessment in anaesthesia and accuracy of self-assessed scores
    J M Weller
    Faculty Education Unit, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    Anaesthesia 60:245-50. 2005
    ..321; p = 0.01). At the lower levels of performance, trainees consistently overrated their performance compared to those performing at higher levels (p = 0.0001)...
  92. ncbi Impact of an educational intervention on general practitioners' skills in cognitive behavioural strategies: a randomised controlled trial
    Grant A Blashki
    Department of General Practice, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Med J Aust 188:S129-32. 2008
    ..To evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on general practitioners' skills in cognitive behavioural strategies (CBS)...
  93. ncbi Assessing simulated patients in an educational setting: the MaSP (Maastricht Assessment of Simulated Patients)
    Lidewij A Wind
    Skillslab, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Med Educ 38:39-44. 2004
    ..Feedback by the SP to the student at the end of the session is considered an important educational feature. We found no instruments to assess individual SP performance during those sessions...
  94. ncbi Patient simulation for training basic and advanced clinical skills
    M L Good
    Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida 32610 0254, USA
    Med Educ 37:14-21. 2003
    ....
  95. ncbi The use of high-fidelity human patient simulation and the introduction of new anesthesia delivery systems
    Paul Dalley
    National Patient Simulation Training Centre, Wellington Hospital, Private Bag 7902, Wellington South, New Zealand
    Anesth Analg 99:1737-41, table of contents. 2004
    ..Group 1 resolved both crises significantly faster. HPS allowed us to detect design features that were common sources of error...
  96. ncbi WASP--a generic web-based, interactive, patient simulation system
    Nabil Zary
    Dept of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Stud Health Technol Inform 95:756-61. 2003
    ..diagnosis and differentials, therapy, interactive session feedback and integrated references and online database sources...
  97. ncbi The use of standardized patients in pediatric residency training in palliative care: anatomy of a standardized patient case scenario
    Janet R Serwint
    Johns Hopkins Children s Center, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    J Palliat Med 5:146-53. 2002
    ....
  98. ncbi Proficiency-based virtual reality training significantly reduces the error rate for residents during their first 10 laparoscopic cholecystectomies
    Gunnar Ahlberg
    Department of Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, SE 171 76, Sweden
    Am J Surg 193:797-804. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the effect of proficiency-based VR training on the outcome of the first 10 entire cholecystectomies performed by novices...
  99. ncbi [Use of actors to train medical students in communication skills]
    Gunnar Tschudi Bondevik
    Seksjon for allmennmedisin, Institutt for samfunnsmedisinske fag, Universitetet i Bergen Kalfarveien 31 5018 Bergen
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 126:2118-21. 2006
    ..The aim of our study was to investigate how medical students perceive the use of actors in the communication and consultation training at the University of Bergen, Norway...
  100. ncbi Web-based learning versus standardized patients for teaching clinical diagnosis: a randomized, controlled, crossover trial
    Michael K Turner
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Teach Learn Med 18:208-14. 2006
    ..Little evidence exists to guide the selection of methods for teaching clinical diagnosis...
  101. ncbi Checklist content on a standardized patient assessment: an ex post facto review
    John R Boulet
    Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates ECFMG, Philadelphia, PA 19104 2685, USA
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 13:59-69. 2008
    ..Periodic review of checklist items, concentrating on their clinical importance, is warranted...

Research Grants117 found, 100 shown here

  1. Evaluating the Impact of Simulated Team Training on Patient Safety
    Daniel Scott; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] DESCRIPTION (not provided by the applicant): [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. Human Patient Simulation: Parent Teaching Enhancement
    Susan Sullivan Bolyai; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..this multi-site randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the efficacy of the intervention (HPS-PTE=Human Patient Simulation-Parent Teaching Enhancement) with 128 indexed mothers or fathers of children (5-12 years old) newly ..
  3. Virtual Patient Sexual History Interview Simulation
    Margaret McCarthy; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The use of computer-assisted simulation programs is changing the methodologies of medical education. Patient simulation is used by anesthesiologists, radiologists, surgeons and others to provide an endless array of possible ..
  4. Computational Modeling of Mechanical Heart Valves
    Ajit Yoganathan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..accurate moving ventricle and aorta geometries Aim 4: Preliminary application of the computational tools for patient simulation and analysis Completion of this project will lead to a significant advancement in the field of heart valve ..
  5. Computational Modeling of Mechanical Heart Valves
    AJIT P contact YOGANATHAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..accurate moving ventricle and aorta geometries Aim 4: Preliminary application of the computational tools for patient simulation and analysis Completion of this project will lead to a significant advancement in the field of heart valve ..
  6. BIOLOGICAL MONITORING OF CONTROLLED TOLUENE EXPOSURE: TOXICOKINETICS
    Paolo Vicini; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Population pharmacokinetic modeling was followed by MAP-Bayesian estimation and patient simulation produced the pharmacodynamic variables of Peak/MIC ratio, AUC/MIC ratio a nd the Time Plasma Concentrations ..
  7. MULTIMEDIA INSTRUCTION & TESTING OF CARDIAC EXAMINATION
    DAVID CRILEY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..CD-ROM format and actual data it will provide a more realistic and less expensive alternative to the patient simulation devices now on the market...
  8. Competencies Training &Assessment in LaboratoryMedicine UsingPatientSimulations
    Fred Dee; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..applicant): This proposal is designed to develop and evaluate a novel web-based model for computer assisted patient simulation that can be used for performance-based competency assessment and education...
  9. Competencies Training &Assessment in LaboratoryMedicine UsingPatientSimulations
    Fred R Dee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..applicant): This proposal is designed to develop and evaluate a novel web-based model for computer assisted patient simulation that can be used for performance-based competency assessment and education...
  10. Competencies Training &Assessment in LaboratoryMedicine UsingPatientSimulations
    Fred Dee; Fiscal Year: 2007
    This proposal is designed to develop and evaluate a novel web-based model for computer assisted patient simulation that can be used for performance-based competency assessment and education...
  11. Virtual Health Care Environments versus Traditional Interactive Team Training
    JEFFREY TAEKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., high fidelity patient simulation), and (3) evaluation of the resulting experimental data along with realistic cost estimates to design and ..
  12. Virtual Health Care Environments versus Traditional Interactive Team Training
    JEFFREY TAEKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., high fidelity patient simulation), and (3) evaluation of the resulting experimental data along with realistic cost estimates to design and ..
  13. The Virtual Patient for Improving Quality of Care in Primary Healthcare
    Richard Mollica; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Institute and the Lynn Community Health Center are preparing this grant to develop a computer-based patient simulation or Virtual Patient (VP) for use in primary health care (PHC) settings...
  14. Defining the Learning Curve in Research Trials
    JEFFREY TAEKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Simulation is considered a top methodology for learning complex behaviors. The use of high-fidelity patient simulation in clinical research training is expected to improve the coordinator's acquisition of the knowledge, skills, ..
  15. Defining the Learning Curve in Research Trials
    JEFFREY TAEKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Simulation is considered a top methodology for learning complex behaviors. The use of high-fidelity patient simulation in clinical research training is expected to improve the coordinator's acquisition of the knowledge, skills, ..
  16. PATIENT-CENTERED CARE AND HEALTH CARE COSTS
    Ronald Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. PATIENT-CENTERED CARE AND HEALTH CARE COSTS
    Ronald Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. PATIENT CENTERED CARE AND HEALTH CARE COSTS
    Ronald Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Genetic Counseling Processes and Analogue Client Outcome
    Debra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. Information Management in the Perioperative Environment
    MELANIE WRIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  21. The Philippine Child Health and Policy Experiment
    John Peabody; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Amelioration of Literacy Deficits in Prenatal Care
    Debra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  23. The Philippine Child Health and Policy Experiment
    John Peabody; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. Philippine Child Health and Policy Experiment
    John Peabody; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. Genetic Counseling Processes and Analogue Client Outcome
    Debra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. The Philippine Child Health and Policy Experiment
    John Peabody; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. Amelioration of Literacy Deficits in Prenatal Care
    Debra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  28. Philippine Child Health and Policy Experiment
    John Peabody; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. Amelioration of Literacy Deficits in Prenatal Care
    Debra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  30. Amelioration of Literacy Deficits in Prenatal Care
    Debra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  31. Understanding Social Contributions to Disparities in Depression Care: US and UK
    Debra L Roter; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  32. Understanding Social Contributions to Disparities in Depression Care: US and UK
    Debra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  33. Cultural Competency Training in Latino Health
    Desiree Lie; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A central web resource will disseminate case-based instruction and relevant pertinent research on health disparities. ..
  34. Behavioral and Physiological Responses to Race-Related Stress in Diabetic Women
    Julie Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Evaluating the Clinical Impact of Simulation & Team Training on OB Safety
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our current work evaluates performance in the simulated environment; this proposal focuses on the translation of simulation and team training to the clinical environment. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. The Epidemiology of Fecal Incontinence after Childbirth
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These data will provide a better understanding of the extent of the problem and will provide data essential for future trials of prevention and treatment of fecal incontinence. ..
  37. Improving Safety and Quality with Integrated Technology
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The findings, though applied specifically for OB, can be applied to many areas of medicine and surgery. The findings will provide inpatient and outpatient HIT stakeholders needed information to make important decisions. ..
  38. Improving Safety and Quality with Integrated Technology
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The findings, though applied specifically for OB, can be applied to many areas of medicine and surgery. The findings will provide inpatient and outpatient HIT stakeholders needed information to make important decisions. ..
  39. Epidemiology of Preventable Safety Events in Prehospital EMS for Children
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will use expert panel reviews, analysis of electronic EMS data, and patient simulation to measure the numbers and types of safety events occurring in the prehospital care of children...
  40. Older Mothers and Adult Daughters: High Blood Pressure Self Management Behaviors
    Celeste Shawler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The candidate plans to further examine the significance of inner strength and modifiable health behaviors of older women with hypertension. ..
  41. Older Mothers and Adult Daughters: High Blood Pressure Self Management Behaviors
    Celeste Shawler; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The candidate plans to further examine the significance of inner strength and modifiable health behaviors of older women with hypertension. ..
  42. The Epidemiology of Fecal Incontinence after Childbirth
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These data will provide a better understanding of the extent of the problem and will provide data essential for future trials of prevention and treatment of fecal incontinence. ..
  43. Validation of Sensorized Breast Models for High-Stakes Clinical Skills Assessment
    Carla M Pugh; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our results will help set clinical performance standards. ..
  44. Cultural Competency Training in Latino Health
    Desiree Lie; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A central web resource will disseminate case-based instruction and relevant pertinent research on health disparities. ..
  45. Older Mothers and Adult Daughters: High Blood Pressure Self Management Behaviors
    Celeste Shawler; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The candidate plans to further examine the significance of inner strength and modifiable health behaviors of older women with hypertension. ..
  46. The Epidemiology of Fecal Incontinence after Childbirth
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These data will provide a better understanding of the extent of the problem and will provide data essential for future trials of prevention and treatment of fecal incontinence. ..
  47. Behavioral and Physiological Responses to Race-Related Stress in Diabetic Women
    Julie Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Improving Safety and Quality with Integrated Technology
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The findings, though applied specifically for OB, can be applied to many areas of medicine and surgery. The findings will provide inpatient and outpatient HIT stakeholders needed information to make important decisions. ..
  49. The Epidemiology of Fecal Incontinence after Childbirth
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These data will provide a better understanding of the extent of the problem and will provide data essential for future trials of prevention and treatment of fecal incontinence. ..
  50. Appraisal and Diagnostic Delay in Colon Cancer
    Laura Siminoff; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study's main goal is to improve understanding of the barriers to early diagnosis of cancer, lead to interventions that can help doctors and patients communicate more effectively, and ultimately lead to earlier cancer diagnoses. ..
  51. Computerized Risk Assessment in an Employee Population
    Deborah Helitzer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..6: Identification and evaluation of public health informatics and communication strategies and tools to improve health decisions, health alerting, health literacy, or health assessment among employees and employers ..
  52. Using Social Risk to Guide Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Preventive Treatment
    Kevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Implementation of such a global risk tool could ultimately help justify implementation of more intensive behavioral interventions focusing on diet, exercise, smoking cessation and medication adherence for those at highest social risk. ..
  53. Optimizing strategies for universal HIV testing
    Rochelle P Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The scientific basis for early detection of HIV infection and aggressive linkage to care has been successfully laid. The challenge now is to identify effective, affordable, and cost-effective implementation mechanisms. ..
  54. Sedation Effects in Mechanically Ventilated Patients
    Mary Jo Grap; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Tailored Interactive Multimedia to Reduce Colorectal CA Screening Disparities
    Anthony Jerant; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..They may also suggest a promising, portable method of reducing disparities in colorectal cancer (and other) screening uptake between Hispanic and non-Hispanic individuals. ..
  56. A Multi-site Intervention to Reduce Violence in Hospital Emergency Departments
    Donna Gates; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This study will test an intervention that could improve the work conditions for over 1 million ED healthcare workers and improve the care for millions of patients who visit EDs each year. ..
  57. PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARDS DEATH AND ORGAN PROCUREMENT
    Laura Siminoff; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Finally, a community dialogue will be implemented to interpret and disseminate the findings and provide recommendations to policy makers. ..
  58. The Impact of HMO's on Disparties
    Kevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If the study hypotheses are confirmed, the findings will underscore the need for HMOs to track and address disparities among their members if the Healthy People 2010 for the elimination of disparities is to be achieved. ..
  59. C-CAPRELA: Cervical Cancer Prevention for Latinas
    SCOTT RHODES; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..developing effective interventions to reduce those disparities, and facilitating intervention delivery." [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. Randomized Control Trial of Mifepristone for Fibroids
    Kevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The study may also offer valuable insight into a mechanism by which mifepristone reduces fibroid size. ..
  61. ADULT DEPRESSION, SUICIDAL IDEATION AND PERSONALITY
    Paul Duberstein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  62. PHARMACOLOGY OF ANESTHETICS IN HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK
    Ken Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  63. Detecting Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults
    Paul Duberstein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Findings will help guide the development of screening instruments, educational and clinical interventions, and surveillance strategies to lessen the public health impact of unrecognized and untreated depression. ..
  64. Brief Substance Abuse Treatment for Homeless Adolescents
    JOHN BAER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..TAU includes drop-in programs (hygiene, food, material assistance, and case management). Follow-up interviews at one- and three-months post-treatment, will assess substance use, stage of change, and service utilization. ..
  65. MODULATING ENDOTHELIAL ADAPTATION TO FLOW
    GARY NACKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Conceivably, the responsible mediator(s) could be used as an adjunct in the development of new prosthetic or tissue- engineered biosynthetic grafts. ..
  66. Spectroscopic X-ray Bone Densitometry
    Thomas Beck; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The disease is characterized by low bone mass, leading to enhanced bone fragility and a significant increase in the risk of fractures, which is typically diagnosed by bone densitometer [1,2]. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  67. Detecting Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults
    Paul Duberstein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Findings will help guide the development of screening instruments, educational and clinical interventions, and surveillance strategies to lessen the public health impact of unrecognized and untreated depression. ..
  68. Multilevel Intervention to Improve Nursing Home Outcomes
    Marilyn Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Similarly, we will observe processes of care delivery before, during and after the multilevel intervention to describe the adoption of the care delivery strategies recommended in the intervention. ..
  69. HEMORRHAGIC AND ISCHEMIC STROKE AMONG BLACKS AND WHITES
    Brett Kissela; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Surveyed people who receive stroke education with the FAST mnemonic will be more likely to know stroke warning signs after thirty days than those who receive the standard current educational message used by the Brain Attack Coalition. ..
  70. A Randomized Trial of Home Self-Efficacy Enhancement
    Anthony Jerant; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The findings will help policymakers, payers, and providers identify which interventions to implement. ..
  71. RCT of Primary Care-based Patient Navigation-Activation
    Kevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Findings from this project have implications for national policy related to the design and implementation of patient navigation programs for cancer and interventions designed to eliminate disparities in cancer treatment ..
  72. Tailored Interactive Multimedia to Reduce Colorectal CA Screening Disparities
    ANTHONY FRANCIS JERANT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..They may also suggest a promising, portable method of reducing disparities in colorectal cancer (and other) screening uptake between Hispanic and non-Hispanic individuals. ..
  73. REDUCING VIOLENCE AGAINST NURSING HOME CAREGIVERS
    Donna Gates; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Data analysis will also determine whether the intervention group demonstrated a significant difference in violence prevention skills than the control group. ..
  74. CANCER AWARENESS NETWORK FOR IMMIGRANT MINORITY POPULATI
    Francesca Gany; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  75. "Patient Navigation in the SafetyNet: CONNECTeDD"
    Karen Freund; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..this study will inform the design of a generalizable standard, effective and cost efficient patient navigation model that will eliminate barriers to timely, quality cancer care among racial/ethnic minority and lower income populations ..
  76. ADULT DEPRESSION, SUICIDAL IDEATION AND PERSONALITY
    Paul Duberstein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  77. Technology to Automatically Detect Early Signs of Illness in Senior Housing
    Marilyn Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Subjects will not use any expensive telehealth equipment or wear any devices. We propose to use this information to detect changes in health status which could indicate an impending acute illness or exacerbation of chronic illness. ..
  78. A New Measure of Nursing Home Care Quality
    Marilyn Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  79. Meals on Wheels Volunteers as Health Literacy Coaches for Older Adults
    VICKI FREIMUTH; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Findings will advance understanding of interactional health literacy. ..
  80. Effects of Establishing focus in the Medical Interview
    Lynne Robins; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If successful, it should be easily disseminated into many practice settings as well as incorporated into professional training. ..
  81. Smart Environment Technologies for Health Assessment and Assistance
    Maureen Schmitter Edgecombe; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  82. Organization Change to Improve Nursing Home Enviroment
    Jules Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Outcomes from the administrative perspective will include a "gap analysis which assesses how closely the desired goals of a program are achieved, as well as some financial markers of cost savings. ..
  83. Organization Change to Improve Nursing Home Environment
    Jules Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Outcomes from the administrative perspective will include a "gap analysis which assesses how closely the desired goals of a program are achieved, as well as some financial markers of cost savings. ..
  84. Meals on Wheels Volunteers as Health Literacy Coaches for Older Adults
    Vicki S Freimuth; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings will advance understanding of interactional health literacy. ..
  85. Technology to Automatically Detect Falls and Assess Fall Risk in Senior Housing
    Marilyn J Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  86. Study of EMS Findings Predictive of Pediatric Trauma Center Need
    E Brooke Lerner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  87. Effects of Establishing focus in the Medical Interview
    Lynne Robins; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If successful, it should be easily disseminated into many practice settings as well as incorporated into professional training. ..
  88. Multilevel Intervention to Improve Nursing Home Outcomes
    Marilyn Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Similarly, we will observe processes of care delivery before, during and after the multilevel intervention to describe the adoption of the care delivery strategies recommended in the intervention. ..
  89. Multilevel Intervention to Improve Nursing Home Outcomes
    Marilyn Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Similarly, we will observe processes of care delivery before, during and after the multilevel intervention to describe the adoption of the care delivery strategies recommended in the intervention. ..
  90. A Website for Outpatient Quality of Life Assessment
    Albert Wu; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The overall impact will be to enhance the comprehensiveness of data available for clinical research. ..
  91. Simulation Training for Ultrasound Guided Central Venous Catheter Insertion
    LEIGH EVANS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  92. Disparate Metastatic Breast Cancer Symptom Severity and Management Barriers
    Margaret Rosenzweig; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Supportive activities will take place at the Yale University School of Nursing, Harvard University and through the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. ..
  93. LLD Course & Treatment Decisions: Psychosocial Influences
    Paul Duberstein; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  94. Multilevel Intervention to Improve Nursing Home Outcomes
    Marilyn Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Similarly, we will observe processes of care delivery before, during and after the multilevel intervention to describe the adoption of the care delivery strategies recommended in the intervention. ..
  95. MHREG for Research in Ethnically Diverse Communities
    Paul Duberstein; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..As well, we will consider adding trainees at other developmental levels or from other disciplines. ..