Summary: The use of persons coached to feign symptoms or conditions of real diseases in a life-like manner in order to teach or evaluate medical personnel.
Publications316 found, 100 shown here
- Human patient simulation is effective for teaching paramedic students endotracheal intubationRobert E Hall
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Acad Emerg Med 12:850-5. 2005..The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether the endotracheal intubation (ETI) success rate is different among paramedic students trained on a human patient simulator versus on human subjects in the operating room (OR)...
- Elective course in acute care using online learning and patient simulationAmy L Seybert
University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy, USA
Am J Pharm Educ 75:54. 2011To enhance students' knowledge of and critical-thinking skills in the management of acutely ill patients using online independent learning partnered with high-fidelity patient simulation sessions.
- Features and uses of high-fidelity medical simulations that lead to effective learning: a BEME systematic reviewS Barry Issenberg
Center for Research in Medical Education, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA
Med Teach 27:10-28. 2005..1969 to 2003, 34 years...
- Comparison of vignettes, standardized patients, and chart abstraction: a prospective validation study of 3 methods for measuring qualityJ W Peabody
San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Institute for Global Health, University of California, 94105, USA
JAMA 283:1715-22. 2000..Better health care quality is a universal goal, yet measuring quality has proven to be difficult and problematic. A central problem has been isolating physician practices from other effects of the health care system...
- Virtual patients: a critical literature review and proposed next stepsDavid A Cook
Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
Med Educ 43:303-11. 2009..Virtual patients (VPs), which take the form of interactive computer-based clinical scenarios, may help to reconcile this paradox...
- Tools for direct observation and assessment of clinical skills of medical trainees: a systematic reviewJennifer R Kogan
Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Health System, 3701 Market St, Ste 640, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
JAMA 302:1316-26. 2009..Multiple tools for direct observation are available, but their characteristics and outcomes have not been compared systematically...
- Design principles for virtual patients: a focus group study among studentsSören Huwendiek
Department of Paediatrics, University Children s Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany
Med Educ 43:580-8. 2009..This study aimed to examine what students perceive as the ideal features of virtual patient (VP) design in order to foster learning with a special focus on clinical reasoning...
- Effective training strategies for teaching communication skills to physicians: an overview of systematic reviewsMarianne Berkhof
Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Patient Educ Couns 84:152-62. 2011..Physicians need good communication skills to communicate effectively with patients. The objective of this review was to identify effective training strategies for teaching communication skills to qualified physicians...
- Threat and challenge: cognitive appraisal and stress responses in simulated trauma resuscitationsAdrian Harvey
Wilson Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Med Educ 44:587-94. 2010..As such, training for high-acuity events should include interventions targeting stress management skills...
- Simulation-based medical education: an ethical imperativeAmitai Ziv
The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, and Israel Center for Medical Simulation MSR, Tel Hashomer, Israel
Acad Med 78:783-8. 2003..The use of simulation wherever feasible conveys a critical educational and ethical message to all: patients are to be protected whenever possible and they are not commodities to be used as conveniences of training...
- Low- to high-fidelity simulation - a continuum of medical education?N J Maran
Scottish Clinical Simulation Centre, Stirling Royal Infirmary, Livilands Gate, Stirling, UK
Med Educ 37:22-8. 2003..These range from simple part-task training models to highly sophisticated computer driven models...
- Building a virtual patient commonsRachel Ellaway
University of London, UK
Med Teach 30:170-4. 2008....
- Looking in the mirror: self-debriefing versus instructor debriefing for simulated crisesSylvain Boet
Department of Anesthesiology, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Crit Care Med 39:1377-81. 2011..To examine the effectiveness of self-debriefing as compared to instructor debriefing in the change of nontechnical skills performance of anesthesiology residents...
- Patient simulation for training basic and advanced clinical skillsM L Good
Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida 32610 0254, USA
Med Educ 37:14-21. 2003....
- Peer role-play and standardised patients in communication training: a comparative study on the student perspective on acceptability, realism, and perceived effectHans M Bosse
Clinic I General Paediatrics, Centre of Child and Adolescent Medicine, Heidelberg, Germany
BMC Med Educ 10:27. 2010..To assess the student perspective on acceptability, realism, and perceived effect of communication training with peer role play (RP) and standardised patients (SP)...
- Mobile in situ obstetric emergency simulation and teamwork training to improve maternal-fetal safety in hospitalsJeanne Marie Guise
Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregan Health and Science University, Portland, Oregan, USA
Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 36:443-53. 2010..Increasingly, health care providers, hospital administrators, and quality and safety professionals are considering simulation as a strategy to improve quality and patient safety...
- What can virtual patient simulation offer mental health nursing education?V Guise
Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences, St George s University of London and Kingston University, London, UK
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 19:410-8. 2012..It goes on to describe a low-cost, narrative-based virtual patient simulation technique which has the potential for wide application within health and social care education...
- The history of simulation in medical education and possible future directionsPaul Bradley
Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth, UK
Med Educ 40:254-62. 2006..Clinical simulation is on the point of having a significant impact on health care education across professional boundaries and in both the undergraduate and postgraduate arenas...
- Increasing oncologists' skills in eliciting and responding to emotional cues: evaluation of a communication skills training programPhyllis Butow
Medical Psychology Research Unit, School of Psychology, Brenan McCallum Building, A18, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW 2006, Australia
Psychooncology 17:209-18. 2008..Psychological morbidity in cancer patients is common, but often undetected and untreated. We developed a communication skills training (CST) program targeting this issue, and evaluated its impact on doctor behaviour...
- Use of virtual patients in dental education: a survey of U.S. and Canadian dental schoolsRobert A Cederberg
University of Texas School of Dentistry at Houston, 7500 Cambridge St, Houston, TX 77054, USA
J Dent Educ 76:1358-64. 2012..Through the use of virtual patient interactive audio/video elements, the student can experience interaction with his or her virtual patients during a more realistic simulation encounter...
- The implementation and evaluation of a mandatory multi-professional obstetric skills training programJette Led Sørensen
Obstetric Department, The Juliane Marie Center for Children, Women and Reproduction, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 88:1107-17. 2009..OBJECTIVE. To implement and evaluate a simulation-based training program. DESIGN. Descriptive...
- A pediatric clinical skills assessment using children as standardized patientsJ L Lane
Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Pennsylvania and Hahnemann University, Philadelphia, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 153:637-44. 1999....
- Impact of stress on resident performance in simulated trauma scenariosAdrian Harvey
Wilson Centre, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Trauma Acute Care Surg 72:497-503. 2012..The purpose of this study was to examine the stress responses and clinical performance of residents during low and high stress (HS) simulated trauma resuscitations...
- Managing the deteriorating patient in a simulated environment: nursing students' knowledge, skill and situation awarenessSimon Cooper
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Gippsland Campus, Churchill, Vic, Australia
J Clin Nurs 19:2309-18. 2010..To examine, in a simulated environment, the ability of final-year nursing students to assess, identify and respond to patients either deteriorating or at risk of deterioration...
- The minimal relationship between simulation fidelity and transfer of learningGeoff Norman
Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Med Educ 46:636-47. 2012..This fails to clarify the relationship between simulator fidelity and learning, and whether comparable gains might be achieved at substantially lower cost...
- Using simulated interviews to teach junior medical students to disclose the diagnosis of cancerStephane Supiot
Department of Human and Social Sciences, Medical Faculty of Nantes, Nantes, France
J Cancer Educ 23:102-7. 2008..Disclosing cancer is a difficult task for junior doctors...
- Teaching medical students and residents skills for delivering bad news: a review of strategiesMarcy E Rosenbaum
University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52245, USA
Acad Med 79:107-17. 2004....
- Design for learning: deconstructing virtual patient activitiesRachel H Ellaway
Northern Ontario School of Medicine, Canada
Med Teach 33:303-10. 2011..This article attempts to deconstruct the virtual patient concept by developing a model of virtual patients as artifacts with intrinsic encoded properties and emergent constructed properties that build on the core concept of 'activity'...
- Hospital, simulation center, and teamwork training for eclampsia management: a randomized controlled trialDenise Ellis
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, North Bristol NHS Trust, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, United Kingdom
Obstet Gynecol 111:723-31. 2008..To compare the effectiveness of training for eclampsia in local hospitals and a regional simulation center, with and without teamwork theory...
- A human factors analysis of technical and team skills among surgical trainees during procedural simulations in a simulated operating theatreKrishna Moorthy
Imperial College St Mary s Hospital Simulation Group, Department of Surgical Oncology and Technology, Imperial College, London
Ann Surg 242:631-9. 2005..High-risk organizations such as aviation rely on simulations for the training and assessment of technical and team performance. The aim of this study was to develop a simulated environment for surgical trainees using similar principles...
- Simulated and standardized patients in OSCEs: achievements and challenges 1992-2003Graceanne Adamo
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, National Capital Area Medical Simulation Center, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA
Med Teach 25:262-70. 2003....
- Simulation-based assessment in anesthesiology: requirements for practical implementationJohn R Boulet
Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Anesthesiology 112:1041-52. 2010....
- Instructiveness of real patients and simulated patients in undergraduate medical education: a randomized experimentLonneke Bokken
Department of Educational Development and Research, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Acad Med 85:148-54. 2010..The aims of this study were to evaluate which contact (real patient or SP) is perceived as most instructive by students and which variables contribute to this...
- Use of a computer-based simulated consultation tool to assess whether doctors explore sociocultural factors during patient evaluationNoelle Junod Perron
Academic Primary Care Physicians, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneve, Switzerland
J Eval Clin Pract 15:1190-5. 2009....
- A modified electronic key feature examination for undergraduate medical students: validation threats and opportunitiesMartin R Fischer
Klinikum der Universitat Munchen, Medizinische Klinik Innenstadt, Munchen, Germany
Med Teach 27:450-5. 2005..44 and 0.47) as well as the learners' level of acceptance. The modified electronic KF examination is a feasible and reliable evaluation tool that may be implemented for the assessment of clinical undergraduate training...
- Crisis resource management training for an anaesthesia faculty: a new approach to continuing educationRichard H Blum
Department of Anesthesia, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Children s Hospital, Bader 3, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Med Educ 38:45-55. 2004..Anaesthesia crisis resource management addresses many patient safety issues by teaching behavioural skills for critical events but it has not been systematically utilized to teach experienced faculty...
- The use of direct clinician observation and vignettes for health services quality evaluation in developing countriesKenneth L Leonard
University of Maryland, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Maryland, USA
Soc Sci Med 61:1944-51. 2005..We show how the scores obtained using vignettes in conjunction with DCO can be used to improve the reliability of DCO and therefore our estimates of actual clinician quality...
- Peer assisted learning in patient-centred interviewing: the impact on student tutorsDebra Nestel
Department of Psychological Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
Med Teach 27:439-44. 2005..Careful consideration needs to be given to ways in which student tutors are supported before, during and after the project...
- Observational Skill-based Clinical Assessment tool for Resuscitation (OSCAR): development and validationS Walker
Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, St Mary s Hospital Campus, 10th Floor QEQM Building, St Mary s Hospital, Praed Street, London W2 1NY, UK
Resuscitation 82:835-44. 2011..Specifically, we sought to develop a tool that is feasible to use and psychometrically sound to assess team behaviours during cardiac arrest resuscitation attempts...
- A structured literature review on the use of high fidelity patient simulators for teaching in emergency medicineJ McFetrich
Northumbria Healthcare Trust, Stocksfield, Northumberland, UK
Emerg Med J 23:509-11. 2006..This literature review examines the use of simulators for teaching in emergency medicine and covers some of their advantages and disadvantages, and evidence for their use...
- Medical simulation for professional development--science and practiceR Fox
BJOG 118:1-4. 2011..In this opening review, we look at the potential use of medical simulation in broad terms and describe the types of evidence that can be employed to support its use...
- Virtual patient instruction for dental students: can it improve dental care access for persons with special needs?Carla Sanders
Human Development Institute, University of Kentucky, USA
Spec Care Dentist 28:205-13. 2008..This study demonstrated that an interactive, multi-media (CD-ROM), virtual patient learning module for dental students could be an effective tool in providing students needed clinical exposure to patients with developmental disabilities...
- Cognitive simulators for medical education and trainingKanav Kahol
Human Machine Symbiosis Laboratory, Center for Cognition and Decision Making, Department of Biomedical Informatics, School of Computing and Informatics, Arizona State University, Tempe, 45 N 5th Street 235, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA
J Biomed Inform 42:593-604. 2009..The results of two pilot studies are presented that show the validity of the methodology in providing an effective evaluation and learning environments for surgeons...
- Do students develop better motivational interviewing skills through role-play with standardised patients or with student colleagues?Anne L Mounsey
Department of Family Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
Med Educ 40:775-80. 2006..We wanted to determine whether using standardised patients to teach this skill to Year 3 medical students would be more effective than using student role-plays...
- The use of simulated patients and role-play in communication skills training: a review of the literature to August 2005Claire Lane
Nursing, Health and Social Care Research Centre, Cardiff University, School of Nursing and Midwifery Studies, Cardiff CF24 0AB, UK
Patient Educ Couns 67:13-20. 2007....
- Improving student dentist competencies and perception of difficulty in delivering care to children with developmental disabilities using a virtual patient moduleHarold L Kleinert
Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
J Dent Educ 71:279-86. 2007..This study demonstrated that an interactive, multimedia (CD-ROM), virtual patient learning module for student dentists is potentially an effective tool in meeting this need...
- Anesthesiology national CME program and ASA activities in simulationElizabeth H Sinz
Department of Anesthesiology, Office of Education Affairs, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, H187, 500 University Drive, P O Box 850, Hershey, PA 17033 0850, USA
Anesthesiol Clin 25:209-23. 2007..The ASA is hoping to capitalize on anesthesiology's long involvement and leadership in simulation-based health care education to help bring about this revolution...
- Unannounced standardised patients in real practice: a systematic literature reviewJan Joost Rethans
Skillslab, Faculty of Medicine, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
Med Educ 41:537-49. 2007..No attempt has been made to give a systematic overview of the innovative use of unannounced or incognito standardised patients...
- Have standardized patient examinations stood the test of time and experience?Reed G Williams
Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois, USA
Teach Learn Med 16:215-22. 2004
- Human patient simulation in a pharmacotherapy courseAmy L Seybert
School of Pharmacy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Am J Pharm Educ 72:37. 2008To incorporate human patient simulation (HPS) into a pharmacotherapy course and evaluate its impact on students' satisfaction and mastery of course objectives.
- Could simulated emergency procedures practised in a static environment improve the clinical performance of a Critical Care Air Support Team (CCAST)? A literature reviewDi Lamb
RAF Lyneham, Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron, Chippenham, Wiltshire SN15 4PZ, United Kingdom
Intensive Crit Care Nurs 23:33-42. 2007..Experiential learning utilised in the static environment could potentially improve the current CCAST training curriculum and, therefore, improve clinical performance during air transfer...
- Prospective randomized trial of simulation versus didactic teaching for obstetrical emergenciesKay Daniels
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
Simul Healthc 5:40-5. 2010..The objective of this study was to determine whether simulation was more effective than traditional didactic instruction to train crisis management skills to labor and delivery teams...
- Evaluation of a web-based interactive heart failure patient simulation: a pilot studyRobert Wu
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Can J Cardiol 27:369-75. 2011..We sought to determine whether clinicians will use the web-based simulation of patients with heart failure and whether it will improve their knowledge compared to the latest heart failure guidelines...
- Assessment of human patient simulation-based learningBrenda S Bray
Department of Pharmacotherapy, College of Pharmacy, Washington State University, PO Box 1495, Spokane, WA 99210 1495, USA
Am J Pharm Educ 75:208. 2011The most common types of assessment of human patient simulation are satisfaction and/or confidence surveys or tests of knowledge acquisition...
- In situ simulation in continuing education for the health care professions: a systematic reviewMichael A Rosen
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
J Contin Educ Health Prof 32:243-54. 2012..This article provides a systematic review of the in situ simulation literature and compares the state of the science and practice against principles of effective education and training design, delivery, and evaluation...
- Simulation for teaching normal delivery and shoulder dystocia to midwives in trainingA Reynolds
Simulation Centre, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Portugal
Educ Health (Abingdon) 23:405. 2010..The aim of this study was to compare the effect on students' knowledge of a simulation session versus an image-based lecture, for teaching routine management of normal delivery and resolution of shoulder dystocia to midwives in training...
- Simulation and CRMDoris Ostergaard
Danish Institute for Medical Simulation, Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen University, Herlev, Denmark
Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 25:239-49. 2011..The training should be established for the real team(s). Furthermore, leaders need to implement training in the organisation and establish databases to monitor the impact on patient outcome...
- Emotion, cognitive load and learning outcomes during simulation trainingKristin Fraser
Office of Undergraduate Medical Education, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Med Educ 46:1055-62. 2012..This study was conducted to assess emotion during simulation training and to explore the relationships between emotion and cognitive load, and diagnostic performance...
- The evaluation of research methods during disaster exercises: applicability for improving disaster health managementG A Guido Legemaate
Fire Department Amsterdam Amstelland, Department of Crisis Management, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Prehosp Disaster Med 27:18-26. 2012....
- Communicative competence in the delivery of bad newsCathy Gillotti
Department of Communication, Purdue University, Calumet, USA
Soc Sci Med 54:1011-23. 2002....
- Widening the lens on standardized patient assessment: what the encounter can reveal about the development of clinical competenceM Rose
University of California, Los Angeles, UCLA School of Medicine 90095, USA
Acad Med 76:856-9. 2001....
- Virtual patient simulation: what do students make of it? A focus group studyMihaela Botezatu
Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
BMC Med Educ 10:91. 2010The learners' perspectives on Virtual Patient Simulation systems (VPS) are quintessential to their successful development and implementation...
- Practice skill development through the use of human patient simulationKathryn A Crea
Riverside Methodist Hospital, Columbus, OH 43214, USA
Am J Pharm Educ 75:188. 2011Human patient simulation (HPS) is used in health care education to enhance the transition from classroom learning to competent performance...
- Medical students' application of published evidence: randomised trialAlan Schwartz
Department of Medical Education m c 591, 808 South Wood Street, 986 CME, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612 7309, USA
BMJ 326:536-8. 2003..To determine how medical students apply research evidence that varies in validity of methods and importance of results to a clinical decision...
- Detecting breaches in defensive barriers using in situ simulation for obstetric emergenciesWilliam Riley
Department of Health Policy and Management and Associate Dean, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 0381, USA
Qual Saf Health Care 19:i53-6. 2010..This study uses in situ simulation to identify defensive barriers and classify the nature of active and latent breaches in these barriers...
- Coordination in nurses' listening activities and communication about patient-nurse relationshipsDorothy Ann Gilbert
School of Nursing, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
Res Nurs Health 27:447-57. 2004..Thus, nurses' listening behavior, including coordination, may contribute to communication about patient-nurse relationships...
- Endocrine and psychological stress responses in a simulated emergency situationAriane Keitel
Department of Psychology, General Psychology II and Biological Psychology, University of Osnabrueck, Seminarstr 20, 49074 Osnabrueck, Germany
Psychoneuroendocrinology 36:98-108. 2011Several studies have assessed the effects of training using patient simulation systems on medical skills...
- Virtual reality triage training provides a viable solution for disaster-preparednessPamela B Andreatta
Department of Medical Education, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Acad Emerg Med 17:870-6. 2010..Specifically, are there differences between the triage performances and posttest results of the two groups, and do both methods differentiate between learners of variable experience levels?..
- Faking it? Simulation in the training of obstetricians and gynaecologistsHelgi Johannsson
Bart s and the London Medical Simulation Centre, UK
Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 17:557-61. 2005..This paper discusses the use of simulation as a training tool in obstetrics and gynaecology...
- The skill of summary in clinician-patient communication: a case studySally Quilligan
University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, UK
Patient Educ Couns 86:354-9. 2012..To investigate the use and impact of the micro-skill of summary in clinical encounters, a core skill that has little empirical investigation of its use and outcomes...
- Exhaled air dispersion and removal is influenced by isolation room size and ventilation settings during oxygen delivery via nasal cannulaDavid S Hui
Stanley Ho Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Respirology 16:1005-13. 2011..We compared the exhaled air dispersion distances during oxygen delivery via nasal cannula to a human-patient simulator (HPS) in two different isolation rooms...
- An audible indication of exhalation increases delivered tidal volume during bag valve mask ventilation of a patient simulatorSamsun Lampotang
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida, USA
Anesth Analg 102:168-71. 2006..001) increased mask ventilation of a patient simulator, suggesting that mask ventilation of a patient with a SIMR may also be increased by objective, real-time feedback of exhaled Vt...
- Exhaled air dispersion distances during noninvasive ventilation via different Respironics face masksDavid S Hui
David S Hui, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
Chest 136:998-1005. 2009....
- In situ simulation for systems testing in newly constructed perinatal facilitiesG Jesse Bender
Brown University Women and Infant s Hospital, Providence, RI 02905, USA
Semin Perinatol 35:80-3. 2011..Orchestrating immersive, realistic in-situ simulations minimizes surprises at transition and enhances patient satisfaction. Such endeavors substantially elevate the perception of the value of simulation within an institution...
- Measuring clinical practice parameters with human patient simulation: a pilot studyKavita Radhakrishnan
University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA
Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh 4:Article8. 2007..009). The control and intervention groups' performances were similar in every other category. Replication of this pilot with a larger sample is recommended...
- Using high-fidelity patient simulation and an advanced distance education network to teach pharmacology to second-year medical studentsDarin K Via
Department of Anesthesiology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
J Clin Anesth 16:144-51. 2004....
- Educational and research implications of portable human patient simulation in acute care medicineLeo Kobayashi
Department of Emergency Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
Acad Emerg Med 15:1166-74. 2008..The use of portable manikins and associated techniques may increasingly complement established instructional measures and research programs at acute care institutions and simulation centers...
- Professionalism and communication in the intensive care unit: reliability and validity of a simulated family conferenceConstance C Schmitz
Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
Simul Healthc 3:224-38. 2008..The study explores reliability and validity based on scores from contrasting rater groups (clinicians, SPs, and examinees)...
- Development of a formative assessment tool for measurement of performance in multi-professional resuscitation teamsPeter Oluf Andersen
Danish Institute for Medical Simulation, Herlev Hospital, Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark
Resuscitation 81:703-11. 2010....
- An objective structured clinical examination for evaluating psychiatric clinical clerksB Hodges
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine, Ontario, Canada
Acad Med 72:715-21. 1997..To assess the feasibility, reliability, and validity of an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) for psychiatric clinical clerks...
- The validity of performance assessments using simulationJ H Devitt
Department of Anaesthesia, University of Toronto, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Ontario, Canada
Anesthesiology 95:36-42. 2001..The authors wished to determine whether a simulator-based evaluation technique assessing clinical performance could demonstrate construct validity and determine the subjects' perception of realism of the evaluation process...
- Videotaped simulated interviews to improve medical students' skills in disclosing a diagnosis of cancerAngélique Bonnaud-Antignac
University of Nantes, Faculty of Medicine, Nantes, France
Psychooncology 19:975-81. 2010..To assess the performance of the training course on the disclosure of a diagnosis of cancer intended for fifth year medical students of the University of Nantes...
- Using standardized patients in advanced practice nursing educationJudith A Vessey
Boston College School of Nursing, Cushing Hall, 140 Commonwealth Drive, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467 3812, USA
J Prof Nurs 18:29-35. 2002..This reinforced our position that multiple site visits by faculty to students and their preceptors at all their clinical sites are necessary to accurately evaluate students' clinical performance...
- CAMPUS--a flexible, interactive system for web-based, problem-based learning in health careFranz Ruderich
Laboratory for Computer based Teaching and Learning Systems in Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Germany
Stud Health Technol Inform 107:921-5. 2004..But further studies are necessary to examine if the program will be used for the self-study and to develop further kinds of using scenarios within problem-based curricula...
- Perspective: authentic patient perspectives in simulations for procedural and surgical skillsDebra Nestel
Gippsland Medical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Acad Med 85:889-93. 2010..The essay concludes with speculation on the value of a "complementarity" model that acknowledges the authentic and equal perspectives of patients, students, clinicians, and teachers...
- The use of standardised patients to assess clinical competence: does practice make perfect?Barry Stimmel
Graduate Medical Education, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
Med Educ 40:444-9. 2006..This new requirement has caused more schools to include SP examinations (SPEs) in their curricula. This study reviews the effect of prior experience with SPs in a medical school curriculum on SPE pass rates...
- When only the real thing will do: junior medical students' learning from real patientsKathryn Bell
University of Manchester Medical School, Manchester M6 8HD, UK
Med Educ 43:1036-43. 2009..This study aimed to explore how medical students experience contacts with real patients and what they learn from them...
- Fostering patient safety competencies using multiple-patient simulation experiencesPamela M Ironside
Center for Research in Nursing Education at Indiana University School of Nursing, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
Nurs Outlook 57:332-7. 2009This multisite study examined the impact of multiple-patient simulation experiences on the development of nursing students' patient safety competencies in the final semester of their baccalaureate or associate degree nursing program...
- Feedback by simulated patients in undergraduate medical education: a systematic review of the literatureLonneke Bokken
Department of Educational Development and Research, Faculty of Health, Life Sciences and Medicine, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Med Educ 43:202-10. 2009..This study aimed to provide a systematic overview of the ways in which SPs provide feedback to undergraduate medical students, the domains in which SPs provide feedback and the ways in which SPs are trained to provide feedback...
- Can simulations measure empathy? Considerations on how to assess behavioral empathy via simulationsArianne Teherani
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0410, USA
Patient Educ Couns 71:148-52. 2008....
- Analysis of role-play in medical communication training using a theatrical device the fourth wallTorild Jacobsen
Section for General Practice, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, Bergen, Norway
BMC Med Educ 6:51. 2006..The aim of this article is to explore the positions and didactic functions of the fourth wall in medical communication training, using a role-play model basically similar to a theatrical performance...
- "Practicing" medicine without risk: students' and educators' responses to high-fidelity patient simulationJ A Gordon
Division of Emergency Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, CLN 115, Boston, MA 02114 2696, USA
Acad Med 76:469-72. 2001To understand the responses of medical students and educators to high-fidelity patient simulation, a new technology allowing "practice without risk."
- Utilizing theatrical tools in consultation training. A way to facilitate students' reflection on action?Anders Baerheim
Section of General Practice, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Norway
Med Teach 27:652-4. 2005..We conclude that our way of creating fiction and manipulating temporality in the consultation training was paralleled by most students' report on substantial learning feed-forward abilities from reflection on action...
- "Oh! She doesn't speak English!" Assessing resident competence in managing linguistic and cultural barriersSondra Zabar
Primary Care Internal Medicine Residency Program, Division of General Internal Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
J Gen Intern Med 21:510-3. 2006..Residents must master complex skills to care for culturally and linguistically diverse patients...
- Training for shoulder dystocia: a trial of simulation using low-fidelity and high-fidelity mannequinsJoanna F Crofts
Simulation and Fire drill Evaluation SaFE Study, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, North Bristol National Health Service Trust, Southmead Hospital, and University Department of Clinical Sciences at South Bristol, University of Bristol, UK
Obstet Gynecol 108:1477-85. 2006..To evaluate the effectiveness of simulation training for shoulder dystocia management and compare training using a high-fidelity mannequin with that using traditional devices...
- Teaching motivational interviewing: using role play is as effective as using simulated patientsClaire Lane
Department of Nursing, Health and Social Care Research Centre, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
Med Educ 42:637-44. 2008..Practice and rehearsal is often beneficial in helping practitioners to acquire communication skills, but there have been few studies into what types of practice and rehearsal are most effective...
- A comparison of two methods to teach smoking-cessation techniques to medical studentsM A Papadakis
Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine 94143, USA
Acad Med 72:725-7. 1997..To evaluate two smoking-cessation practice exercises, one using standardized patients (SPs), the other using role playing by medical students...
- Casualty collection in mass-casualty incidents: a better method for finding proverbial needles in a haystackKristina E Knotts
Genesys Regional Medical Center, Grand Blanc, MI 48439, USA
Prehosp Disaster Med 21:459-64. 2006..Poor lighting due to time of day, inclement weather, and power outages can make locating patients difficult. Efficient methods of locating patients allow for quicker transport to definitive care...
- Communicating bad news: a pediatric department's evaluation of a simulated interventionL W Greenberg
Office of Medical Education, Children s National Medical Center, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC, USA
Pediatrics 103:1210-7. 1999..To determine if pediatric residents and emergency department (ED) fellows could improve their ability to counsel and inform standardized patients (SPs) about bad news...
- Demonstration of high-fidelity simulation team training for emergency medicineS D Small
Department of Anesthesiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114, USA
Acad Emerg Med 6:312-23. 1999..The authors hope to engage the EM community in a wide-ranging discussion and handson exploration of these methods...
- Transfer of communication skills training from workshop to workplace: the impact of clinical supervisionCathy Heaven
Cancer Research UK Psychological Medicine Group, Manchester, UK
Patient Educ Couns 60:313-25. 2006..This paper reports a study which investigated the potential of clinical supervision in enhancing the transfer process...
- Evaluating the Impact of Simulated Team Training on Patient SafetyDaniel Scott; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] DESCRIPTION (not provided by the applicant): [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- PETS-D: Parent Education Through Simulation-DiabetesSusan Sullivan-Bolyai; Fiscal Year: 2013..this multi-site randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the efficacy of the intervention (HPS-PTE=Human Patient Simulation-Parent Teaching Enhancement) with 128 indexed mothers or fathers of children (5-12 years old) newly ..
- SIMLAB: Using Patient Simulation for Student Exploration of Community Health IssuPATRICIA LEAH WARD; Fiscal Year: 2013..applicant): The Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago seeks SEPA funds over five years for SIMLAB: Using Patient Simulation for Student Exploration of Community Health Issues, (the Project), an innovative collaboration between the ..
- Disseminating Evidence-Based Clinical Guidelines through Integrated TechnologiesDongwen Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013..the original text guidelines to user-friendly online resources, multimedia learning modules, interactive patient simulation and clinical decision tools, as well as technology-mediated behavioral interventions for knowledge ..
- Virtual Patient Sexual History Interview SimulationMargaret McCarthy; Fiscal Year: 2003..The use of computer-assisted simulation programs is changing the methodologies of medical education. Patient simulation is used by anesthesiologists, radiologists, surgeons and others to provide an endless array of possible ..
- MULTIMEDIA INSTRUCTION & TESTING OF CARDIAC EXAMINATIONDAVID CRILEY; Fiscal Year: 2000..CD-ROM format and actual data it will provide a more realistic and less expensive alternative to the patient simulation devices now on the market...
- Competencies Training &Assessment in LaboratoryMedicine UsingPatientSimulationsFred R Dee; Fiscal Year: 2010..applicant): This proposal is designed to develop and evaluate a novel web-based model for computer assisted patient simulation that can be used for performance-based competency assessment and education...
- Virtual Health Care Environments versus Traditional Interactive Team TrainingJEFFREY TAEKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..g., high fidelity patient simulation), and (3) evaluation of the resulting experimental data along with realistic cost estimates to design and ..
- Defining the Learning Curve in Research TrialsJEFFREY TAEKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005..Simulation is considered a top methodology for learning complex behaviors. The use of high-fidelity patient simulation in clinical research training is expected to improve the coordinator's acquisition of the knowledge, skills, ..
- PATIENT-CENTERED CARE AND HEALTH CARE COSTSRonald Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- The Epidemiology of Fecal Incontinence after ChildbirthJeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2004..These data will provide a better understanding of the extent of the problem and will provide data essential for future trials of prevention and treatment of fecal incontinence. ..
- Evaluating the Clinical Impact of Simulation & Team Training on OB SafetyJeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2007..Our current work evaluates performance in the simulated environment; this proposal focuses on the translation of simulation and team training to the clinical environment. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Improving Safety and Quality with Integrated TechnologyJeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2006..The findings, though applied specifically for OB, can be applied to many areas of medicine and surgery. The findings will provide inpatient and outpatient HIT stakeholders needed information to make important decisions. ..
- Genetic Counseling Processes and Analogue Client OutcomeDebra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Philippine Child Health and Policy ExperimentJohn Peabody; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Amelioration of Literacy Deficits in Prenatal CareDebra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Older Mothers and Adult Daughters: High Blood Pressure Self Management BehaviorsCeleste Shawler; Fiscal Year: 2010..The candidate plans to further examine the significance of inner strength and modifiable health behaviors of older women with hypertension. ..
- Cultural Competency Training in Latino HealthDesiree Lie; Fiscal Year: 2008..A central web resource will disseminate case-based instruction and relevant pertinent research on health disparities. ..
- Behavioral and Physiological Responses to Race-Related Stress in Diabetic WomenJulie Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The Impact of HMO's on DispartiesKevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2004..If the study hypotheses are confirmed, the findings will underscore the need for HMOs to track and address disparities among their members if the Healthy People 2010 for the elimination of disparities is to be achieved. ..
- Outcome and Quality of Life after Diabetic StrokeBrett Kissela; Fiscal Year: 2007..It is the goal of the Prinicipal Investigator to become an expert in epidemiology and outcomes research and to use clinical research to improve the lives of diabetic patients with stroke. ..
- Using Social Risk to Guide Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Preventive TreatmentKevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2009..Implementation of such a global risk tool could ultimately help justify implementation of more intensive behavioral interventions focusing on diet, exercise, smoking cessation and medication adherence for those at highest social risk. ..
- Vocational Rehabilitation Training Simulation for the Psychiatrically DisabledDale Olsen; Fiscal Year: 2008..Society benefits from regaining the productive potential of people who may otherwise be marginalized and from increasing the diversity of our nation's workforce. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Exercise to Relieve Cancer-Related Insomnia and FatigueElizabeth Coleman; Fiscal Year: 2007..As their physical activity and functional status improve, patients can continue to manage their activities of daily living and may be more likely to continue cancer treatment, thus increasing their survival chances. ..
- Sedation Effects in Mechanically Ventilated PatientsMary Jo Grap; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- IS NON-ADHERENCE A REVEALED PREFERENCELeslie Lenert; Fiscal Year: 2003..We will also use an expert panel to assess the clinical match between patients' regimens and their preferences. ..
- Patient-Centeredness in Care of Vulnerable PopulationsMary Catherine Beach; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- In Situ Simulation to Detect and Prevent Near Misses during Critical EventsWilliam Riley; Fiscal Year: 2007..Our intervention to improve patient safety is based on an advanced set of event sets and debriefing techniques in use by the Federal Aviation Agency (FAA). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Communication Analysis of BRCA1 Genetic CounselingLee Ellington; Fiscal Year: 2002..Predictor variables of participant adjustment include: sociodemographics, communication factors (e.g., medical information), kindred, pre-test distress levels, and carrier status. ..
- Testing a video to improve provider-patient interactionDeborah Helitzer; Fiscal Year: 2006..This research addresses the priorities of announcement PAR-04-117 "Understanding and Promoting Health Literacy." ..
- Technology to Automatically Detect Early Signs of Illness in Senior HousingMarilyn J Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2010..Subjects will not use any expensive telehealth equipment or wear any devices. We propose to use this information to detect changes in health status which could indicate an impending acute illness or exacerbation of chronic illness. ..
- Treatment Models for Primary and Chronic HIV InfectionRochelle Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2005..Rochelle Walensky with a firm basis for career development as an independent, patient-oriented clinical researcher at the interface of these critical areas. ..
- Clinical Decisions with Older Patients: 3rd ExperimentJohn McKinlay; Fiscal Year: 2006..The most recent issue of AJPH (February 2003) highlights the urgent need for comparative analyses of different health systems in order to provide policy lessons for the rapidly changing US health care system. ..
- Randomized Control Trial of Mifepristone for FibroidsKevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2004..The study may also offer valuable insight into a mechanism by which mifepristone reduces fibroid size. ..
- PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARDS DEATH AND ORGAN PROCUREMENTLaura Siminoff; Fiscal Year: 2001..Finally, a community dialogue will be implemented to interpret and disseminate the findings and provide recommendations to policy makers. ..
- Prevention Unintentional Mechanical Birth InjuriesEdith Gurewitsch; Fiscal Year: 2006..to conduct a small, randomized clinical trial comparing clinician-applied forces following McRoberts' maneuver (a maternal manipulation) and following Rubin's maneuver (a fetal manipulation). ..
- NMDA Receptor Phosphorylation and Trafficking after PainGary Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2006..Both phosphorylation and trafficking, from intracellular stores to the postsynaptic site, of NMDA receptors in dorsal horn neurons will be investigated as they relate to central pain hypersensitivity . ..
- Predicting Chemotherapy-Induced Mucositis with Genetic and Clinical FactorsELIZABETH ANN contact COLEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..Thus, this study will accelerate nursing advancements to the "Science of Health". ..
- THERAPEUTIC RESEARCH CONSENT--EMPIRICAL/ETHICAL ANALYSISLaura Siminoff; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- In Between: Web based CE Program on Caring for Aging ParentsLisa Marceau; Fiscal Year: 2008..The purpose of the proposed program is to develop a web-based CE program for nurses and social workers that focus on the non-medical concerns of families. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- REDUCING VIOLENCE AGAINST NURSING HOME CAREGIVERSDonna Gates; Fiscal Year: 2001..Data analysis will also determine whether the intervention group demonstrated a significant difference in violence prevention skills than the control group. ..
- Appraisal Delay and Disparities in Timely Cancer DiagnosisLaura A Siminoff; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Trajectories of Urologic Disease: Follow-up of BACHJohn McKinlay; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Do Reporting Biases Mitigate Disparity Estimates?Kevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Partnering to Reduce Obesity with Environmental ChangesDonna Gates; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Organization Change to Improve Nursing Home EnviromentJules Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2003..Outcomes from the administrative perspective will include a "gap analysis which assesses how closely the desired goals of a program are achieved, as well as some financial markers of cost savings. ..
- Racial Differences in Geriatric Antidepressant AdherenceHELEN KALES; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Social Conversation Training Simulation for Adults with Autism Spectrum DisorderDale Olsen; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Optimizing strategies for universal HIV testingRochelle P Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2010..The scientific basis for early detection of HIV infection and aggressive linkage to care has been successfully laid. The challenge now is to identify effective, affordable, and cost-effective implementation mechanisms. ..
- ADULT DEPRESSION, SUICIDAL IDEATION AND PERSONALITYPaul Duberstein; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- A Randomized Trial of Home Self-Efficacy EnhancementAnthony Jerant; Fiscal Year: 2007..The findings will help policymakers, payers, and providers identify which interventions to implement. ..
- Substance Abuse Diagnostic Clinical Interview SimulationDale Olsen; Fiscal Year: 2008..If successful, it will provide a tool to enable students to learn critical skills that will help them interact with and diagnose patients in a more accurate and efficient manner. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Spectroscopic X-ray Bone DensitometryThomas Beck; Fiscal Year: 2008..The disease is characterized by low bone mass, leading to enhanced bone fragility and a significant increase in the risk of fractures, which is typically diagnosed by bone densitometer [1,2]. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MODULATING ENDOTHELIAL ADAPTATION TO FLOWGARY NACKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003..Conceivably, the responsible mediator(s) could be used as an adjunct in the development of new prosthetic or tissue- engineered biosynthetic grafts. ..
- PHARMACOLOGY OF ANESTHETICS IN HEMORRHAGIC SHOCKKen Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- CANCER AWARENESS NETWORK FOR IMMIGRANT MINORITY POPULATIFrancesca Gany; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- A Website for Outpatient Quality of Life AssessmentAlbert Wu; Fiscal Year: 2006..The overall impact will be to enhance the comprehensiveness of data available for clinical research. ..
- Meals on Wheels Volunteers as Health Literacy Coaches for Older AdultsVicki S Freimuth; Fiscal Year: 2010..Findings will advance understanding of interactional health literacy. ..
- Effects of Establishing focus in the Medical InterviewLynne Robins; Fiscal Year: 2004..If successful, it should be easily disseminated into many practice settings as well as incorporated into professional training. ..
- Detecting Depressive Symptoms in Older AdultsPaul Duberstein; Fiscal Year: 2004..Findings will help guide the development of screening instruments, educational and clinical interventions, and surveillance strategies to lessen the public health impact of unrecognized and untreated depression. ..
- Multilevel Intervention to Improve Nursing Home OutcomesMarilyn Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2009..Similarly, we will observe processes of care delivery before, during and after the multilevel intervention to describe the adoption of the care delivery strategies recommended in the intervention. ..
- Disparate Metastatic Breast Cancer Symptom Severity and Management BarriersMargaret Rosenzweig; Fiscal Year: 2007..Supportive activities will take place at the Yale University School of Nursing, Harvard University and through the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. ..
- Simulation Training for Ultrasound Guided Central Venous Catheter InsertionLEIGH EVANS; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A New Measure of Nursing Home Care QualityMarilyn Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Preparing rural and urban hospitals to improve safety culture through simulationDavid Gaba; Fiscal Year: 2007..We will also use multiple methods, including process measures and participant evaluations, to evaluate simulation qualitatively. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..