Summary: Usually refers to planned scientific data-gathering excursions.

Top Publications

  1. Lewin M, Bouyer D, Walker D, Musher D. Rickettsia sibirica infection in members of scientific expeditions to northern Asia. Lancet. 2003;362:1201-2 pubmed
    ..All had IgM and IgG antibodies to R sibirica. Paleontologists with no illness and people who went on expeditions in other parts of the world did not have antibodies to R sibirica...
  2. Askew E. Food for high-altitude expeditions: Pugh got it right in 1954--a commentary on the report by L.G.C.E. Pugh: "Himalayan rations with special reference to the 1953 expedition to Mount Everest". Wilderness Environ Med. 2004;15:121-4 pubmed
    ..Pugh's emphasis on adequate energy intake and fluid intake at altitude is as sound today as it was in 1954. ..
  3. Cattermole T. The epidemiology of cold injury in Antarctica. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1999;70:135-40 pubmed
    ..A retrospective study was performed of 10 yr of medical records to determine the type, severity, etiological factors and treatment of cold injury experienced by members of the British Antarctic Survey between 1986-95...
  4. Cattermole T. The incidence of injury with the British Antarctic Survey, 1986-1995. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2001;60:72-81 pubmed
    ..Injuries comprised 30.2% of consultations, an incidence of 661.7/1000/year. The bases had a significantly higher incidence of injuries. Work accounted for 47.0% and recreation 30.6% of all injuries. ..
  5. Palinkas L, Suedfeld P. Psychological effects of polar expeditions. Lancet. 2008;371:153-63 pubmed
    Polar expeditions include treks and stays at summer camps or year-round research stations...
  6. Karsenti E, Acinas S, Bork P, Bowler C, de Vargas C, Raes J, et al. A holistic approach to marine eco-systems biology. PLoS Biol. 2011;9:e1001177 pubmed publisher
    ..The Tara Oceans consortium organizes expeditions to help fill this gap at the global level.
  7. Campbell M, Johnston S, Marshburn T, Kane J, Lugg D. Nonoperative treatment of suspected appendicitis in remote medical care environments: implications for future spaceflight medical care. J Am Coll Surg. 2004;198:822-30 pubmed
  8. Reyes R. Botany and zoology in the late seventeenth-century Philippines: the work of Georg Josef Camel SJ (1661-1706). Arch Nat Hist. 2009;36:262-76 pubmed
    ..Among those with whom Camel corresponded were John Ray, James Petiver, and the Dutch physician Willem Ten Rhijne. ..
  9. Andrei M. The accidental conservationist: William T. Hornaday, the Smithsonian bison expeditions and the US National Zoo. Endeavour. 2005;29:109-13 pubmed

More Information


  1. Pugh L. Himalayan rations with special reference to the 1953 expedition to Mount Everest. 1954. Wilderness Environ Med. 2004;15:125-34 pubmed
  2. Tonna J, Lewin M, Hahn I, Platts Mills T, Norell M. A prospective, multi-year analysis of illness and injury during summer travel to arid environments. Wilderness Environ Med. 2009;20:107-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Every incident presenting to the expeditions' physicians, regardless of type, magnitude, treatment, or outcome, was recorded...
  3. Loosmore B. James Hector (1834-1907): doctor, geologist, explorer of Western Canada. J Med Biogr. 2009;17:174-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Hector's contribution was immense, his dedication and endurance contributing in large measure to the success of the venture. ..
  4. Jardine B. Between the Beagle and the barnacle: Darwin's microscopy, 1837-1854. Stud Hist Philos Sci. 2009;40:382-95 pubmed
    ..I characterise this move as a piece of clever manoeuvring, and discuss more generally the kind of scientist--gentlemanly and expert--that Darwin was attempting to become. ..
  5. Edwards L, Murray A, Tyler D, Kemp G, Holloway C, Robbins P, et al. The effect of high-altitude on human skeletal muscle energetics: P-MRS results from the Caudwell Xtreme Everest expedition. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e10681 pubmed publisher
    ..7+/-0.2 vs. POST: 4.5+/-0.2 cm(2), p<0.05), yet exercising metabolites were unchanged. These results suggest that, in response to high altitude hypoxia, skeletal muscle function is maintained in humans, despite significant atrophy. ..
  6. Weymouth W, Steel G. Sleep patterns during an antarctic field expedition. Mil Med. 2013;178:438-44 pubmed publisher
    ..One of the key issues noted in anecdotal evidence during expeditions is the presence of sleep disturbances, that can lead to a marked loss in the ability to cognitively respond to ..
  7. Cohen D. David Burckett-St Laurent. BMJ. 2002;325:S54 pubmed
  8. Francis J, Gleeson M, Lugg D, Clancy R, Ayton J, Donovan K, et al. Trends in mucosal immunity in Antarctica during six Australian winter expeditions. Immunol Cell Biol. 2002;80:382-90 pubmed
    The mucosal immune status of Australian Antarctic personnel was monitored during six wintering expeditions at two Australian Antarctic Research Stations, Casey in 1992, 1993, 1994, and Mawson in 1992, 1995, 1996...
  9. Edler F. [Keeping an eye on Brazil: medical geography and Alphonse Rendu's journey]. Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos. 2001;8 Suppl:925-43 pubmed
    ..Besides, the article provides the recognition of a second period of Medical Geography, that starts with the creation of th Archives de Médecine Navale in the 1860's. ..
  10. Majewska R, Convey P, De Stefano M. Summer Epiphytic Diatoms from Terra Nova Bay and Cape Evans (Ross Sea, Antarctica)--A Synthesis and Final Conclusions. PLoS ONE. 2016;11:e0153254 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we synthesise studies on Ross Sea epiphytic diatoms collected during 11 summer Antarctic expeditions between the years 1989/90 and 2011/12, presenting a full list of diatom taxa associated with three macroalgal ..
  11. Wood J, Hysong S, Lugg D, Harm D. Is it really so bad? A comparison of positive and negative experiences in Antarctic winter stations. Environ Behav. 2000;32:84-110 pubmed
    ..Possible explanations for these themes and for future directions are discussed. ..
  12. Lou Z, Gu X, Zhong H. Medical care experiences of the 30th Chinese Antarctic research expedition: a retrospective study. Chin Med J (Engl). 2015;128:398-400 pubmed publisher
  13. Fara P. Alexander von Humboldt: a revolutionary explorer. Endeavour. 2008;32:3-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Although this image pervades British perceptions, political movements have fashioned different heroic versions of Humboldt in Germany and South America. ..
  14. McLaughlin K, Townes D, Wedmore I, Billingsley R, Listrom C, Iverson L. Pattern of injury and illness during expedition-length adventure races. Wilderness Environ Med. 2006;17:158-61 pubmed
    ..These results should assist medical providers for future events; however, it is imperative to carefully review the individual event to best predict the frequency of injury and illness. ..
  15. Dundas M, Oakey J. Foods that the Lewis and Clark expedition ate in Idaho. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006;106:667; author reply 667 pubmed
  16. Bayliss R. Sir John Franklin's last arctic expedition: a medical disaster. J R Soc Med. 2002;95:151-3 pubmed
  17. Larsell O. Medical aspects of the Lewis and Clark expedition (1804-1806). 1947. Wilderness Environ Med. 2003;14:265-71 pubmed
  18. Gapon L, Shurkevich N, Vetoshkin A. [24-h profile of arterial pressure in hypertensive patients working in rotatory teams in conditions of Far North (Tyumen Region)]. Ter Arkh. 2005;77:41-5 pubmed
    ..The data of the study dictate the necessity to develop a differentiated risk strategy for health promotion, prevention and treatment of hypertension in those who work in the North of Tyumen Region in duty regime. ..
  19. Sullivan P, Pearn J. Medical memorials in Antarctica: a gazetteer of medical place-names. J Med Biogr. 2012;20:173-81 pubmed publisher
    ..and more) are named after Australian doctors who have served with the Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions based at Davis Station...
  20. Brown K. Edward Adrian Wilson (1872-1912): polar explorer and artist. J Med Biogr. 2012;20:169-72 pubmed publisher
    Dr Edward Wilson was a polar explorer who accompanied Robert Falcon Scott (1868-1912) on his expeditions to Antarctica in 1900 and 1910. He went with Scott to the South Pole and died with him on the return journey in 1912...
  21. Ho C, Adema G, Davis D, Stinson M. A seven-year experience in expedition medicine: the Juneau Icefield Research Program. J Emerg Med. 2003;25:257-64 pubmed
    There have been relatively few attempts to document the optimal medical support for wilderness expeditions, and none of these previous reports includes physician-level providers...
  22. Schmidt L, Wood J, Lugg D. Team climate at Antarctic research stations 1996-2000: leadership matters. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2004;75:681-7 pubmed
    ..Data for this study were collected from volunteers involved in Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions conducted from 1996 to 2000...
  23. Rodway G. Prelude to Everest: Alexander M. Kellas and the 1920 high altitude scientific expedition to Kamet. High Alt Med Biol. 2004;5:364-79 pubmed
    ..that Kellas had spent more time above 6000 m than anyone on Earth, undertaking no fewer than eight Himalayan expeditions between 1907 and 1921...
  24. Roberts P. Heroes for the past and present: a century of remembering Amundsen and Scott. Endeavour. 2011;35:142-50 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present Amundsen and Scott remain wedded to particular values, focused respectively on national achievement and sacrifice in the name of science, while their race has become secondary. ..
  25. Horne S. Antarctica. J R Army Med Corps. 2002;148:188-92 pubmed
  26. Iuliano Burns S, Ayton J, Hillam S, Jones G, King K, Macleod S, et al. Skeletal and hormonal responses to vitamin D supplementation during sunlight deprivation in Antarctic expeditioners. Osteoporos Int. 2012;23:2461-7 pubmed publisher
    ..During sunlight deprivation of up to 12 months, serum 25(OH)D levels can be maintained above 50 nmol/L when expeditioners are provided with 50,000 I U at least every alternate month. ..
  27. McIntyre N. Mungo Park (1771-1806). J Med Biogr. 2008;16:63 pubmed publisher
  28. Guly H. An Antarctic sealing expedition and the medical diary of William Spiers Bruce (1867-1921). J Med Biogr. 2012;20:164-8 pubmed publisher
    ..On this expedition he kept a diary listing his medical consultations and the treatments he administered. This paper considers the expedition and the diaries. ..
  29. Loosmore B. John Rae (1813-93): explorer of the Canadian Arctic, the great pedestrian. J Med Biogr. 2009;17:206-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A talented botanist, geologist, anthropologist and cartographer, he was northern Canada's most distinguished explorer. ..
  30. Wickenden J. A brief note on George Bass. J R Nav Med Serv. 2002;88:127-8 pubmed
  31. Hayman J. Charles Darwin's impressions of New Zealand and Australia, and insights into his illness and his developing ideas on evolution. Med J Aust. 2009;191:660-3 pubmed
    ..Aspects of his health recorded during this part of the voyage support a new hypothesis for the diagnosis of the illness that Darwin endured for most of his life. ..
  32. Schiebinger L. Jeanne Baret: the first woman to circumnavigate the globe. Endeavour. 2003;27:22-5 pubmed
    ..She sought one that would produce a thread to rival silk, a costly and much sought-after fabric in early-modern Europe. In the process, she produced one of the most celebrated 18th-century natural history books. ..
  33. Cronin K. Science on a salad plate?: Thinking about the representation of natural history in the Canadian Historic Dinner Service project. Sci Can. 2008;31:113-30 pubmed
    ..This article explores this visual reinterpretation of Canada's natural history in order to raise questions about how a recontextualization of scientific material shapes narratives of nation and nature in the 'New World'. ..
  34. Townsend A, Snape I. Multiple Pb sources in marine sediments near the Australian Antarctic Station, Casey. Sci Total Environ. 2008;389:466-74 pubmed
    ..Discarded Pb batteries, paint samples and fuel spills were all considered in this work as possible point sources of Pb contamination to the local environment. Batteries are thought to be the dominant source. ..
  35. Rodway G. George Ingle Finch and the Mount Everest expedition of 1922: breaching the 8000-m barrier. High Alt Med Biol. 2007;8:68-76 pubmed
    ..This historic climb was the first mountaineering expedition to breach the 8000-m barrier when two separate parties, one climbing with supplementary oxygen and the other without, established new terrestrial altitude records. ..
  36. Esteban G, Corliss J, Finlay B. Saville-Kent's string of pearls. Protist. 2002;153:413-30 pubmed
  37. Sanders S, Grieve A. Medical Expeditions Altitude Symposium, November 30, 2005, St. Catherine's College, Oxford, UK. High Alt Med Biol. 2006;7:87-9 pubmed
  38. Ciardullo S, Taviani G, Mattei R, Caroli S. Variations in the level of some trace elements in hair of participants in the Italian expeditions in Antarctica. J Environ Monit. 2005;7:1332-4 pubmed
    ..to quantify the concentrations of some selected trace elements in human hair of participants in the Antarctic expeditions. Such concentrations may vary as a consequence of the extreme environmental conditions and changes in lifestyle ..
  39. Worsfold L. Exploring the outer limits of nursing. Nurs Times. 2005;101:46-7 pubmed
  40. Frye F. 35 years with an uninvited guest. J R Soc Med. 2005;98:181-2 pubmed
  41. Colin S, Coelho L, Sunagawa S, Bowler C, Karsenti E, Bork P, et al. Quantitative 3D-imaging for cell biology and ecology of environmental microbial eukaryotes. elife. 2017;6: pubmed publisher
    ..Using plankton samples from the Tara Oceans expeditions, we validate its applicability to taxonomic profiling and ecosystem analyses, and discuss its potential for ..
  42. Guly H. The role of the expedition doctor: lessons from 100 years ago. Wilderness Environ Med. 2012;23:170-4 pubmed publisher
    This paper explores the role of the doctor on the expeditions of the heroic age of Antarctic exploration...
  43. Beja O, Fridman S, Glaser F. Viral clones from the GOS expedition with an unusual photosystem-I gene cassette organization. ISME J. 2012;6:1617-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Our analyses identified more occurrences with similar arrangement and indicate that this PSI viral gene organization (now psaD->C->A->B), although rare, is authentic and represents a new PSI gene arrangement. ..
  44. Pearn J. Dr William Wilson Ingram (1888-1982): doctor-soldier, physician and Antarctic expeditioner. J R Coll Physicians Edinb. 2011;41:270-7 pubmed publisher
    ..service as the medical officer and biologist on the two British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expeditions (BANZARE) of 1929-1931, for which service he was awarded the Polar Medal and subsequent Clasp...
  45. Larson E. Public science for a global empire: The British quest for the South Magnetic Pole. Isis. 2011;102:34-59 pubmed
    ..British scientists looked to their government for funding and called on the Admiralty to dispatch expeditions. It is less well known that both popular and scientific interest in terrestrial magnetism continued throughout ..
  46. Lyon R, Wiggins C. Expedition medicine--the risk of illness and injury. Wilderness Environ Med. 2010;21:318-24 pubmed publisher
    b>Expeditions organized by commercial companies are becoming increasingly popular. Charity expeditions take inexperienced participants on trips all over the world, with participants being sponsored to raise funds for charitable causes...
  47. Milledge J. High altitude medicine: a British perspective. High Alt Med Biol. 2003;4:261-4 pubmed
  48. Pinckard G. Puellae Porti Magni. 1806. J R Nav Med Serv. 2003;89:73-5 pubmed
  49. Dritsas L. Civilising missions, natural history and British industry: Livingstone in the Zambezi. Endeavour. 2006;30:50-4 pubmed
    ..markets, locating natural resources and the 'advance of civilisation' were built into the plans for Victorian expeditions to Africa...
  50. Budd G, Brotherhood J, Thomas D, Beasley F, Hendrie A, Jeffery S, et al. Cardiovascular and metabolic responses to noradrenaline in men acclimatized to cold baths. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1993;67:450-6 pubmed
  51. Franco Paredes C, Lammoglia L, Santos Preciado J. The Spanish royal philanthropic expedition to bring smallpox vaccination to the New World and Asia in the 19th century. Clin Infect Dis. 2005;41:1285-9 pubmed
    ..This expedition was the first large scale mass vaccination of its kind. The historic legacy of this pioneering event in international health should be revisited in the current era of persistent inequalities in global health. ..
  52. Leon G. Men and women in space. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2005;76:B84-8 pubmed
    ..A case study approach to conducting research on crew performance is recommended, and strategies for dealing with confidentiality are discussed. ..
  53. Løvland B. [Norwegian physicians' North Cape-Varanger expedition in 1905]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2005;125:1525 pubmed