subcutaneous emphysema

Summary

Summary: Presence of air or gas in the subcutaneous tissues of the body.

Top Publications

  1. Goudy S, Miller F, Bumpous J. Neck crepitance: evaluation and management of suspected upper aerodigestive tract injury. Laryngoscope. 2002;112:791-5 pubmed
    ..To determine safe criteria for the management of patients with crepitance of the neck...
  2. Tambe P, Kasat L, Tambe A. Epidural emphysema associated with subcutaneous emphysema following foreign body in the airway. Pediatr Surg Int. 2005;21:721-2 pubmed
    Epidural emphysema is a rare condition and usually accompanies pneumothorax, subcutaneous emphysema (SCE), or pneumomediastinum. We report a child who presented with epidural emphysema (pneumorachis) and SCE...
  3. Pandey D, Jaret P, Sharma R, Sharma A, Thakur S. Subcutaneous emphysema secondary to pulmonary cavity in absence of pneumothorax or pneumomediastinum. Respir Med. 2007;101:363-5 pubmed
    b>Subcutaneous emphysema is a common condition occurring after chest injury. It may also be observed in association with pneumothorax or pneumomediastinum as a result of pathological changes in the respiratory tract...
  4. Gillot C, Tombu S, Crestani V, Huvelle P, Moreau P. Subcutaneous emphysema and mediastinitis: unusual complications of tonsillectomy. B-ENT. 2005;1:197-200 pubmed
    b>Subcutaneous emphysema and mediastinitis are rarely reported complications of tonsillectomy.
  5. Macia I, Moya J, Ramos R, Morera R, Escobar I, Saumench J, et al. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum: 41 cases. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2007;31:1110-4 pubmed
    ..Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is characterized by the presence of interstitial air in the mediastinum without any apparent precipitating factor. The purpose of this study is to review and discuss our experience with this condition...
  6. Abu Hijleh M, Blundin M. Emergency use of an endobronchial one-way valve in the management of severe air leak and massive subcutaneous emphysema. Lung. 2010;188:253-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The valves selectively block inspiratory airflow to a specific segmental or subsegmental airway but allow expiratory flow with drainage of air and secretions from the corresponding distal airways and lung parenchyma...
  7. Muramori K, Takahashi Y, Handa N, Aikawa H. Subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, pneumoperitoneum, and pneumoretroperitoneum by insufflation of compressed air at the external genitalia in a child. J Pediatr Surg. 2009;44:E5-8 pubmed publisher
    A 7-year-old girl with concurrent subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, pneumoperitoneum, and pneumoretroperitoneum arrived at our facility...
  8. Puneet -, Mahalik S, Gupta S. Infective subcutaneous emphysema after laparoscopic rectopexy: a rare complication. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2008;18:308-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Subcutaneous emphysema after laparoscopic surgery is not uncommon but infection of the subcutaneous space because of gas forming organisms causing emphysema after a laparoscopic procedure is an extremely rare entity...
  9. Calvisi V, Lupparelli S, Rossetti S. Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum following shoulder arthroscopy with brachial plexus block: a case report and review of the literature. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2009;129:349-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, patients' perception of arthroscopic surgery as a minimally invasive procedure might challenge the patient-surgeon relationship if respiratory complications occur that have not been included in the informed consent...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Shiao J, Lee K, Kuo W, Chiang F, Ho K, Wang L. Persistent large subcutaneous emphysema after thyroidectomy. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006;135:814-5 pubmed
  2. Cirt N, de Lajarte Thirouard A, Olivie D, Pagenault M, Bretagne J. [Subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum, pneumoperitoneum and retropneumoperitoneum following a colonoscopy with mucosectomy]. Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 2006;30:779-82 pubmed
    ..We report a case of this complication revealed by subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum, pneumoperitoneum and retro-pneumoperitoneum after colonic mucosectomy.
  3. Ameh V, Jenner R, Jilani N, Bradbury A. Spontaneous pneumopericardium, pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema: unusual complications of asthma in a 2-year-old boy. Emerg Med J. 2006;23:466-7 pubmed
    ..He also had subcutaneous emphysema on the left side of the chest anteriorly...
  4. Bars N, Atlay Y, Tülay E, Tanju G. Extensive subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum associated with blowout fracture of the medial orbital wall. J Trauma. 2008;64:1366-9 pubmed
  5. Marwan K, Farmer K, Varley C, Chapple K. Pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, pneumoperitoneum, pneumoretroperitoneum and subcutaneous emphysema following diagnostic colonoscopy. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2007;89:W20-1 pubmed
    ..We present a case of pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, pneumoperitoneum and extensive subcutaneous emphysema resulting from a diagnostic colonoscopy...
  6. Arana Arri E, Cortés H, Cabriada V, Lekerika N, García Verdugo A, Shengelia Shapiro L. Giant faecaloma causing perforation of the rectum presented as a subcutaneous emphysema, pneumoperitoneum and pneumomediastinum: a case report. Eur J Emerg Med. 2007;14:351-3 pubmed
    ..impaction, which resulted in a rectum perforation, presented as a pneumoperitoneum, pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema. We present this case to remind physicians that neglected accumulation of faecal matter in the rectum may ..
  7. Saggar V, Singhal A, Singh K, Sharma B, Sarangi R. Factors influencing development of subcutaneous carbon dioxide emphysema in laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2008;18:213-6 pubmed publisher
    There is a paucity of published data on the incidence of subcutaneous emphysema and the causative factors responsible for its occurrence during laparoscopic procedures...
  8. Kipple J. Bilateral tension pneumothoraces and subcutaneous emphysema following colonoscopic polypectomy: a case report and discussion of anesthesia considerations. AANA J. 2010;78:462-7 pubmed
    A 78-year-old man presented preoperatively with severe abdominal pain, dyspnea, and subcutaneous emphysema in his face, neck, and chest approximately 8 hours after colonoscopy with a sigmoid polypectomy...
  9. Chan Y, Tsai Y, Fang S. Subcutaneous emphysema, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, and pneumoperitoneum during colonoscopic balloon dilation: a case report. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2010;26:669-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Emergency endotracheal intubation was undertaken. Chest X-ray revealed diffuse subcutaneous emphysema and bilateral pneumothorax...
  10. Cerfolio R, Bryant A, Maniscalco L. Management of subcutaneous emphysema after pulmonary resection. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008;85:1759-63; discussion 1764-5 pubmed publisher
    b>Subcutaneous emphysema (SE) after pulmonary resection is troublesome and has been poorly studied.
  11. Jain V, Sen B, Agarwal M, Maini L, Mehtani A. Tuberculosis of rib and lung presenting as subcutaneous emphysema. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2006;25:662-3 pubmed
  12. Zhao N, Wang D, Huang X, Karri S, Wu H, Zheng M. Spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus presenting with occipital subcutaneous emphysema as primary symptom: could tension gas cause the destruction of cranial bones?. J Neurosurg. 2011;115:679-83 pubmed publisher
    ..report, to the best of their knowledge, the first case of a spontaneous tension pneumocephalus with subcutaneous emphysema. Hyperpneumatization of the cranium and mechanical compression contributed jointly to the formation of a ..
  13. Mosler P, Fogel E. Massive subcutaneous emphysema after attempted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in a patient with a history of bariatric gastric bypass surgery. Endoscopy. 2007;39 Suppl 1:E155 pubmed
  14. Panerari A, Soter A, Silva F, Oliveira L, Neves M, Cedin A. Onset of subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum after tonsillectomy: a case report. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2005;71:94-6 pubmed
    ..This study reports a case of a patient that developed pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax and subcutaneous emphysema after undergoing tonsillectomy...
  15. Mondello B, Pavia R, Ruggeri P, Barone M, Barresi P, Monaco M. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum: experience in 18 adult patients. Lung. 2007;185:9-14 pubmed
    ..All patients developed clinically evident subcutaneous emphysema and underwent chest computerized tomography...
  16. Tam W, Bertholini D. Tension pneumoperitoneum, pneumomediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema and cardiorespiratory collapse following gastroscopy. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2007;35:307-9 pubmed
  17. Montoya Tabares M, Martin J, Rios Zambudio A, Carrasco Prats M, López Espejo J, Sánchez de la Villa G. [Pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema-like manifestation of duodenal ulcer perforation]. An Med Interna. 2007;24:48-9 pubmed
  18. Hung M, Shih P, Yang Y, Lan J, Fan S, Jeng C. Cervicofacial subcutaneous emphysema following tonsillectomy: implications for anesthesiologists. Acta Anaesthesiol Taiwan. 2009;47:134-7 pubmed publisher
    Cervicofacial subcutaneous emphysema is an unusual complication following tonsillectomy...
  19. Giuliani S, Franklin A, Pierce J, Ford H, Grikscheit T. Massive subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum, and pneumopericardium in children. J Pediatr Surg. 2010;45:647-9 pubmed publisher
    Massive subcutaneous emphysema (SE), pneumomediastinum (PM), and pneumopericardium (PP) are rare conditions in the pediatric population...
  20. Kim J, Park J, Kang H, Song M. Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum after tonsillectomy. Am J Otolaryngol. 2010;31:212-5 pubmed publisher
    ..is indeed a relatively safe surgical procedure, in extremely rare cases, it can be complicated by subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum...
  21. Forshaw M, Khan A, Strauss D, Botha A, Mason R. Vomiting-induced pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema does not always indicate Boerhaave's syndrome: report of six cases. Surg Today. 2007;37:888-92 pubmed
    ..experience of treating six patients who were referred to our unit with vomiting-induced pneumomediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema, and an initial diagnosis of spontaneous esophageal perforation...
  22. Srinivas R, Singh N, Agarwal R, Aggarwal A. Management of extensive subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum by micro-drainage: time for a re-think?. Singapore Med J. 2007;48:e323-6 pubmed
    Extensive subcutaneous emphysema (ESE) is not only disfiguring, uncomfortable and alarming for the patient, but can rarely be associated with airway compromise, respiratory failure and death...
  23. Ignjatovic M, Jović J. Tension pneumothorax, pneumoretroperitoneum, and subcutaneous emphysema after colonoscopic polypectomy: a case report and review of the literature. Langenbecks Arch Surg. 2009;394:185-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this article was to present a unique case of the colon perforation during colonoscopic polypectomy...
  24. Garcia P, Pizanis A, Massmann A, Reischmann B, Burkhardt M, Tosounidis G, et al. Bilateral pneumothoraces, pneumomediastinum, pneumoperitoneum, pneumoretroperitoneum, and subcutaneous emphysema after thoracoscopic anterior fracture stabilization. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009;34:E371-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Case report and clinical discussion...
  25. Gries C, Pierson D. Tracheal rupture resulting in life-threatening subcutaneous emphysema. Respir Care. 2007;52:191-5 pubmed
    ..case of a patient with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who developed dramatic mediastinal and subcutaneous emphysema, without pneumothorax, following a difficult intubation...
  26. Lee D, Kim M, Lee Y, Lee H. Does intraabdominal pressure affect development of subcutaneous emphysema at gynecologic laparoscopy?. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2011;18:761-5 pubmed publisher
    To estimate the effect of intraabdominal pressure and risk factors related to the occurrence of subcutaneous emphysema during laparoscopic surgery.
  27. Tomasoa N, Ultee J, Vrouenraets B. Retroperitoneal abscess and extensive subcutaneous emphysema in perforated appendicitis: a case report. Acta Chir Belg. 2008;108:457-9 pubmed
    ..a 76-year-old man who presented with progressive abdominal pain, retroperitoneal abscesses and extensive subcutaneous emphysema, is described...
  28. Celik H, Cremins A, Jones K, Harmanli O. Massive subcutaneous emphysema in robotic sacrocolpopexy. JSLS. 2013;17:245-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Carbon dioxide insufflation, an essential component of laparoscopy, may rarely cause massive subcutaneous emphysema, which may be coincident with life-threatening situations such as hypercarbia, pneumothorax, and ..
  29. Watters K, Lacy P, Walsh R. Massive subcutaneous emphysema following routine endotracheal intubation. J Laryngol Otol. 2003;117:899-901 pubmed
    ..The case of a 57-year-old female, who developed extensive neck and pneumomediastinum following a knee arthroscopy under general anaesthesia, is presented. Possible mechanisms of injury and management options are discussed...
  30. Leo F, Solli P, Veronesi G, Spaggiari L, Pastorino U. Efficacy of microdrainage in severe subcutaneous emphysema. Chest. 2002;122:1498-9 pubmed
  31. Beck P, Heitman S, Mody C. Simple construction of a subcutaneous catheter for treatment of severe subcutaneous emphysema. Chest. 2002;121:647-9 pubmed
    b>Subcutaneous emphysema often presents a management dilemma. Rarely, subcutaneous emphysema has pathophysiologic consequences...
  32. Ozdogan M, Gurer A, Gokakin A, Gogkus S, Gomceli I, Aydin R. Treatment of severe subcutaneous emphysema by fenestrated angiocatheter. Intensive Care Med. 2005;31:168 pubmed
  33. Kramer N, Fine M, McRae R, Millman R. Unusual complication of nasal CPAP: subcutaneous emphysema following facial trauma. Sleep. 1997;20:895-7 pubmed
    b>Subcutaneous emphysema is an unusual complication of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). We report a case of a 58-year-old man who fell and sustained mild facial trauma to the left side of his head...
  34. Gya D, Sali A, Angus D. Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumothorax following endoscopic sphincterotomy. Aust N Z J Surg. 1989;59:900-2 pubmed
    ..This procedure, however, has significant morbidity and mortality. A complication, which appears to be unique, of endoscopic sphincterotomy leading to a right pneumothorax and subcutaneous emphysema is reported.
  35. Mohan B, Singh K. Bilateral subcutaneous emphysema of the orbits following nose blowing. J Laryngol Otol. 2001;115:319-20 pubmed
    ..A case is reported here of bilateral subcutaneous emphysema of the orbital, in the absence of facial skeleton trauma, in a healthy adult male following nose blowing...
  36. Abu Omar Y, Catarino P. Progressive subcutaneous emphysema and respiratory arrest. J R Soc Med. 2002;95:90-1 pubmed
  37. Stewart A, Brewster D, Bernstein P. Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum complicating tonsillectomy. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004;130:1324-7 pubmed
    b>Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum are very rare complications of tonsillectomy.
  38. Caesar R, Gajus M, Davies R. Compressed air injury of the orbit in the absence of external trauma. Eye (Lond). 2003;17:661-2 pubmed
  39. Findlay C, Morrissey S, Paton J. Subcutaneous emphysema secondary to foreign-body aspiration. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2003;36:81-2 pubmed
    ..While asthma or respiratory infections are the most frequent underlying causes, it is important not to forget the possibility of foreign body aspiration, particularly after the clinical presentation...
  40. Sucato D, Girgis M. Bilateral pneumothoraces, pneumomediastinum, pneumoperitoneum, pneumoretroperitoneum, and subcutaneous emphysema following intubation with a double-lumen endotracheal tube for thoracoscopic anterior spinal release and fusion in a patient with idiopat. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2002;15:133-8 pubmed
    ..This report documents a life-threatening complication of air throughout the chest, mediastinum, abdomen, and subcutaneous tissues in a patient with severe scoliosis...
  41. Ota H, Fujita S, Nakamura T, Tanaka S, Tono T, Murata Y, et al. Pneumoretroperitoneum, pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium, and subcutaneous emphysema complicating sigmoidoscopy: report of a case. Surg Today. 2003;33:305-8 pubmed
    ..About 2 h after the colonoscopy, mild facial edema and subcutaneous emphysema developed around her neck...
  42. O ROURKE J, Fahy C, Donnelly M. Subcutaneous emphysema at the site of central line placement due to the haematogenous spread of Clostridium septicum. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2003;20:162-3 pubmed
  43. Holton L, Migaly J, Rolandelli R. Pneumorrhachis, subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium, and pneumoretroperitoneum after proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis: report of a case. Dis Colon Rectum. 2002;45:567-70 pubmed
    ..case of pneumorrhachis (spinal air), pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium, pneumoretroperitoneum, and subcutaneous emphysema after proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis...
  44. Hazouard E, Koninck J, Attucci S, Fauchier Rolland F, Brunereau L, Diot P. Pneumorachis and pneumomediastinum caused by repeated Müller's maneuvers: complications of marijuana smoking. Ann Emerg Med. 2001;38:694-7 pubmed
    ..Pneumomediastinum combined with subcutaneous emphysema and pneumorachis occurred, without identified pneumothorax. There were no neurologic complications...
  45. Goerg K, Duber C. [Retroperitoneal, mediastinal and subcutaneous emphysema with pneumothorax after colonoscopy]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 1996;121:693-6 pubmed
    ..The patient could no more properly hear his own voice. Radiology demonstrated bilateral pneumoretroperitoneum, mediastinal emphysema and pneumothorax...
  46. Gesundheit B, Preminger A, Harito B, Babyn P, Maayan C, Mei Zahav M. Pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema in an 18-month-old child. J Pediatr. 2002;141:116-20 pubmed
  47. Worrell J, Cleary D. Massive subcutaneous emphysema and hypercarbia: complications of carbon dioxide absorption during extraperitoneal and intraperitoneal laparoscopic surgery--case studies. AANA J. 2002;70:456-61 pubmed
    ..The second patient's surgery involved an intraperitoneal approach. Massive subcutaneous emphysema developed in both patients...
  48. Swar M, Srikrishna B, Abusin A, Khogali F. Post-measles pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema in malnourished children. Afr J Med Med Sci. 2002;31:259-61 pubmed
    ..measles were studied clinically andeadiologically for the presence of post-measles pnemomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema. Eleven cases (6.4%) were found to have this complication...
  49. Basso L, Pescatori M. Subcutaneous emphysema after associated colonoscopy and transanal excision of rectal adenoma. Surg Endosc. 2003;17:1677 pubmed
    Non-traumatic subcutaneous emphysema (NSE) is a rare complication of procedures of the digestive tract. To the best of our knowledge, it has never been reported to occur after transanal surgery...
  50. Koullias G, Korkolis D, Wang X, Hammond G. Current assessment and management of spontaneous pneumomediastinum: experience in 24 adult patients. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2004;25:852-5 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to review our experience in dealing with this entity and detail a reasonable course of assessment and management...
  51. Wang Y, Wang J, Chow Y, Chiu A, Yang S. Pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema as the manifestation of emphysematous pyelonephritis. Int J Urol. 2004;11:909-11 pubmed
    ..A 41-year-old diabetic woman initially presented with signs of pneumomediastinum and nuchal subcutaneous emphysema, but was finally diagnosed with unilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis...
  52. Mateos Colino A, Golpe Gomez R, Gonzalez Rodriguez A, Sousa Escandon A, González Uribarri C, Seirulo Salas M. [Pneumoscrotum secondary to a massive subcutaneous emphysema after expontaneous pneumothorax drainage]. Actas Urol Esp. 2004;28:606-9 pubmed
    ..In spite of is an entity with easy diagnosis and conservative management, maybe be confused with other more aggressive entities which treatment should be invasive...
  53. Yammine N, Alherabi A, Gerin Lajoie J. Post-tonsillectomy subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum. J Otolaryngol. 2004;33:403-4 pubmed