drowning

Summary

Summary: Death that occurs as a result of anoxia or heart arrest, associated with immersion in liquid.

Top Publications

  1. Groneberg D, Schilling U, Scutaru C, Uibel S, Zitnik S, Mueller D, et al. Drowning--a scientometric analysis and data acquisition of a constant global problem employing density equalizing mapping and scientometric benchmarking procedures. Int J Health Geogr. 2011;10:55 pubmed publisher
    b>Drowning is a constant global problem which claims approximately half a million victims worldwide each year, whereas the number of near-drowning victims is considerably higher...
  2. Rahman F, Bose S, Linnan M, Rahman A, Mashreky S, Haaland B, et al. Cost-effectiveness of an injury and drowning prevention program in Bangladesh. Pediatrics. 2012;130:e1621-8 pubmed publisher
    Interventions that mitigate drowning risk in developing countries are needed...
  3. Hyder A, Borse N, Blum L, Khan R, El Arifeen S, Baqui A. Childhood drowning in low- and middle-income countries: Urgent need for intervention trials. J Paediatr Child Health. 2008;44:221-7 pubmed publisher
    Data available for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) indicate that the burden of drowning in children is significant and becoming a leading public health problem...
  4. Coskun K, Popov A, Schmitto J, Hinz J, Kriebel T, Schoendube F, et al. Extracorporeal circulation for rewarming in drowning and near-drowning pediatric patients. Artif Organs. 2010;34:1026-30 pubmed publisher
    b>Drowning and near-drowning is often associated with severe hypothermia requiring active core rewarming.We performed rewarming by cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB)...
  5. Baker P, Webber J. Failure to ventilate with supraglottic airways after drowning. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2011;39:675-7 pubmed
    We report the failure of an i-gel and an Ambu AuraOnce supraglottic airway to ventilate a drowning victim...
  6. Callaghan J, Hyder A, Khan R, Blum L, Arifeen S, Baqui A. Child supervision practices for drowning prevention in rural Bangladesh: a pilot study of supervision tools. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2010;64:645-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Injuries are an increasing child health concern and have become a leading cause of child mortality in the 1-4 years age group in many developing countries, including Bangladesh...
  7. Rahman A, Miah A, Mashreky S, Shafinaz S, Linnan M, Rahman F. Initial community response to a childhood drowning prevention programme in a rural setting in Bangladesh. Inj Prev. 2010;16:21-5 pubmed publisher
    To describe the development, community acceptability, feasibility, and sustainability of a pilot drowning prevention intervention for rural children, 1-4 years old, in Bangladesh.
  8. Brenner R, Taneja G, Haynie D, Trumble A, Qian C, Klinger R, et al. Association between swimming lessons and drowning in childhood: a case-control study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009;163:203-10 pubmed publisher
    To estimate the association between swimming lessons and the risk of drowning among children aged 1 to 19 years. Case-control study. Cases were identified from medical examiners'/coroners' offices between mid-2003 and mid-2005...
  9. Ingoldsby H, Callagy G. Alcohol and unnatural deaths in the West of Ireland: a 5-year review. J Clin Pathol. 2010;63:900-3 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the prevalence of alcohol in unnatural deaths in the West of Ireland between 2003 and 2007...

More Information

Publications66

  1. Moran K, Stanley T. Toddler drowning prevention: teaching parents about water safety in conjunction with their child's in-water lessons. Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2006;13:254-6 pubmed
    ..More parents were aware of the family or friend's swimming pool as the primary site of toddler drowning (59% vs. 78%)...
  2. Schwebel D, Lindsay S, Simpson J. Brief report: a brief intervention to improve lifeguard surveillance at a public swimming pool. J Pediatr Psychol. 2007;32:862-8 pubmed
    b>Drowning is the second leading cause of unintentional death for American children in middle childhood, but behavioral research designed to prevent pediatric drowning is limited...
  3. Ballesteros M, Gutiérrez Cuadra M, Munoz P, Minambres E. Prognostic factors and outcome after drowning in an adult population. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2009;53:935-40 pubmed publisher
    b>Drowning remains an actual problem. Although medical assistance has improved, it still has high rates of morbidity and mortality...
  4. Barss P, Subait O, Ali M, Grivna M. Drowning in a high-income developing country in the Middle East: newspapers as an essential resource for injury surveillance. J Sci Med Sport. 2009;12:164-70 pubmed publisher
    ..research objective was to assess newspapers as a national source on incidence, activities, and risk factors for drowning in this high-income media-rich developing country where official sources do not include sufficient variables for ..
  5. Yang L, Nong Q, Li C, Feng Q, Lo S. Risk factors for childhood drowning in rural regions of a developing country: a case-control study. Inj Prev. 2007;13:178-82 pubmed
    Descriptive epidemiological studies have shown that childhood drowning rates are higher in developing countries, with an increasing trend in rural areas.
  6. Kakizaki E, Takahama K, Seo Y, Kozawa S, Sakai M, Yukawa N. Marine bacteria comprise a possible indicator of drowning in seawater. Forensic Sci Int. 2008;176:236-47 pubmed
    To investigate the effectiveness of marine bacteria as a new marker of drowning in seawater, we determined the optimal conditions of media required to selectively detect marine bacteria and applied the technique to drowned cadavers...
  7. Claesson A, Svensson L, Silfverstolpe J, Herlitz J. Characteristics and outcome among patients suffering out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to drowning. Resuscitation. 2008;76:381-7 pubmed
    To describe the characteristics and outcome among patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) caused by drowning as compared with OHCA caused by a cardiac etiology (outside home).
  8. Ma W, Song X, Xu H, Yan R, Nie S, Xu Y, et al. [Study on the events of nonfatal drowning among primary and middle school students in a rural town of Guangdong province, 2006]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2008;29:325-8 pubmed
    To understand the incidence and characteristics of nonfatal drowning among primary and middle school students in rural area and to provide basic information for intervention.
  9. Christe A, Aghayev E, Jackowski C, Thali M, Vock P. Drowning--post-mortem imaging findings by computed tomography. Eur Radiol. 2008;18:283-90 pubmed
    The aim of this study was to identify the classic autopsy signs of drowning in post-mortem multislice computed tomography (MSCT)...
  10. Jagnoor J, Bassani D, Keay L, Ivers R, Thakur J, Gururaj G, et al. Unintentional injury deaths among children younger than 5 years of age in India: a nationally representative study. Inj Prev. 2011;17:151-5 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the mortality burden associated with unintentional injuries among children younger than 5 years of age in India...
  11. Levy A, Harcke H, Getz J, Mallak C, Caruso J, Pearse L, et al. Virtual autopsy: two- and three-dimensional multidetector CT findings in drowning with autopsy comparison. Radiology. 2007;243:862-8 pubmed
    To retrospectively determine the multidetector computed tomographic (CT) virtual autopsy findings of death by drowning in comparison with autopsy findings.
  12. Sarma K, Kola S. Firearms, hanging, and drowning suicides in the Republic of ireland. Crisis. 2010;31:69-75 pubmed publisher
    ..The firearms climate in Ireland is rapidly changing, and there is currently no research on the risk profiles of those dying through firearms suicides...
  13. Cummings P, Mueller B, Quan L. Association between wearing a personal floatation device and death by drowning among recreational boaters: a matched cohort analysis of United States Coast Guard data. Inj Prev. 2011;17:156-9 pubmed publisher
    To estimate the association between wearing a personal floatation device (PFD) and death by drowning among recreational boaters.
  14. Quan L, Pilkey D, Gomez A, Bennett E. Analysis of paediatric drowning deaths in Washington State using the child death review (CDR) for surveillance: what CDR does and does not tell us about lethal drowning injury. Inj Prev. 2011;17 Suppl 1:i28-33 pubmed publisher
    b>Drowning is second cause of paediatric injury death in Washington State. Child death review (CDR) data provide the unique opportunity to identify regional risk factors and opportunities for drowning prevention.
  15. Layon A, Modell J. Drowning: Update 2009. Anesthesiology. 2009;110:1390-401 pubmed publisher
    Over the past four decades, we have learned considerably more about the pathophysiology and treatment of drowning. This, coupled with increased emphasis in improvement in water safety and resuscitation, has produced a threefold decrease ..
  16. Morgan D, Ozanne Smith J, Triggs T. Descriptive epidemiology of drowning deaths in a surf beach swimmer and surfer population. Inj Prev. 2008;14:62-5 pubmed publisher
    ..complementary mortality datasets determined the descriptive epidemiology and population rates in unintentional drowning deaths at surf beaches (n = 129). The annual average crude surf beach drowning rate was 0...
  17. Fang Y, Dai L, Jaung M, Chen X, Yu S, Xiang H. Child drowning deaths in Xiamen city and suburbs, People's Republic of China, 2001 5. Inj Prev. 2007;13:339-43 pubmed
    Risk-factor research and prevention programs targeting drowning deaths in children have been well developed in industrialized countries, but little research has been undertaken in developing countries where the majority of drowning deaths ..
  18. Rahman A, Shafinaz S, Linnan M, Rahman F. Community perception of childhood drowning and its prevention measures in rural Bangladesh: a qualitative study. Aust J Rural Health. 2008;16:176-80 pubmed publisher
    To gain an in-depth understanding of people's perception of causes and their concepts of prevention of childhood drowning in rural Bangladesh.
  19. Pearn J, Nixon J, Franklin R, Wallis B. Safety legislation, public health policy and drowning prevention. Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2008;15:122-3 pubmed publisher
  20. Mitchell R, Williamson A, Olivier J. Estimates of drowning morbidity and mortality adjusted for exposure to risk. Inj Prev. 2010;16:261-6 pubmed publisher
    To estimate the rate of unintentional drowning mortality and hospitalised morbidity using population-based, population-risk and person-time denominator data and to compare the estimates obtained...
  21. Shattock M, Tipton M. 'Autonomic conflict': a different way to die during cold water immersion?. J Physiol. 2012;590:3219-30 pubmed publisher
    ..and may, in some vulnerable individuals, be responsible for deaths that have previously wrongly been ascribed to drowning or hypothermia...
  22. Lu T, Lunetta P, Walker S. Quality of cause-of-death reporting using ICD-10 drowning codes: a descriptive study of 69 countries. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2010;10:30 pubmed publisher
    The systematic collection of high-quality mortality data is a prerequisite in designing relevant drowning prevention programmes. This descriptive study aimed to assess the quality (i.e...
  23. Montenij L, de Vries W, Schwarte L, Bierens J. Feasibility of pulse oximetry in the initial prehospital management of victims of drowning: a preliminary study. Resuscitation. 2011;82:1235-8 pubmed publisher
    Immediate delivery of oxygen is the most important treatment for victims of drowning at the rescue site...
  24. Stemberga V, Bralic M, Coklo M, Cuculic D, Bosnar A. Suicidal drowning in Southwestern Croatia: a 25-year review. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2010;31:52-4 pubmed publisher
    We designed a retrospective study to analyze suicidal drowning deaths occurring between 1981 and 2005. During the study period there were 134 cases of suicidal drowning accounting 10% of all suicides, and 31% of all drowning deaths...
  25. Corcoran P, Reulbach U, Perry I, Arensman E. Suicide and deliberate self harm in older Irish adults. Int Psychogeriatr. 2010;22:1327-36 pubmed publisher
    ..Hospital-treated deliberate self harm and suicide among older adults have rarely been examined at a national level...
  26. Ma W, Xu Y, Xu X. Is drowning a serious public health problem in Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China?--results from a retrospective population-based survey, 2004-2005. Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2010;17:103-10 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study is to describe the characteristics of fatal drowning in Guangdong Province during the period 2004-2005...
  27. Rafaat K, Spear R, Kuelbs C, Parsapour K, Peterson B. Cranial computed tomographic findings in a large group of children with drowning: diagnostic, prognostic, and forensic implications. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2008;9:567-72 pubmed publisher
    ..The primary aim of this study is to better define both the type and incidence of cranial computed tomography (CT) abnormalities in children following submersion injury...
  28. Stemberga V, Stifter S, Cuculic D, Coklo M, Bosnar A. Immunohistochemical surfactant protein-A expression: fatal drowning vs. postmortem immersion. Med Hypotheses. 2009;72:413-5 pubmed publisher
    The postmortem diagnosis of drowning continues to be one of the most difficult in forensic pathology because of unspecific autopsy findings. It must be always remembered that disposal of a victim body in water is not unknown in homicide...
  29. Stjernbrandt A, Oström M, Eriksson A, Bjornstig U. Land motor vehicle-related drownings in Sweden. Traffic Inj Prev. 2008;9:539-43 pubmed publisher
    ..This study elucidates crash and injury mechanisms in motor vehicle-related drownings in a Swedish population during 1992 through 2006 in order to suggest preventive countermeasures...
  30. Iqbal A, Shirin T, Ahmed T, Ahmed S, Islam N, Sobhan A, et al. Childhood mortality due to drowning in rural Matlab of Bangladesh: magnitude of the problem and proposed solutions. J Health Popul Nutr. 2007;25:370-6 pubmed
    b>Drowning is an important cause of mortality among children in rural Bangladesh. Children aged 1-4 year(s) are at a high risk of death from drowning...
  31. Isaac R, Helan J, Minz S, Bose A. Community perception of child drowning in South India: a qualitative study. Ann Trop Paediatr. 2007;27:225-9 pubmed
    World-wide, drowning is one of the leading causes of death in children between 1 and 12 years of age, especially in low- and middle-income countries.
  32. Kiakalayeh A, Mohammadi R, Stark Ekman D, Yousefzade Chabok S, Behboudi F, Jansson B. Estimating drowning deaths in Northern Iran using capture-recapture method. Health Policy. 2011;100:290-6 pubmed publisher
    Descriptive epidemiological study has shown that drowning is a problem health in low and middle income countries...
  33. Guenther U, Varelmann D, Putensen C, Wrigge H. Extended therapeutic hypothermia for several days during extracorporeal membrane-oxygenation after drowning and cardiac arrest Two cases of survival with no neurological sequelae. Resuscitation. 2009;80:379-81 pubmed publisher
    b>Drowning associated with hypothermia and cardiopulmonary resuscitation has a very poor prognosis...
  34. Choi S, Youn C, Park K, Wee J, Park J, Oh S, et al. Therapeutic hypothermia in adult cardiac arrest because of drowning. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2012;56:116-23 pubmed publisher
    Therapeutic hypothermia in adult victims who suffer cardiac arrest following drowning has been applied in only a small number of cases...
  35. Ma W, Nie S, Xu H, Xu Y, Song X, Guo Q, et al. An analysis of risk factors of non-fatal drowning among children in rural areas of Guangdong Province, China: a case-control study. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:156 pubmed publisher
    b>Drowning is a major cause of morbidity and mortality for children, yet non-fatal drowning remains poorly understood...
  36. Bowman S, Aitken M, Robbins J, Baker S. Trends in US pediatric drowning hospitalizations, 1993-2008. Pediatrics. 2012;129:275-81 pubmed publisher
    In the United States, drowning is the second leading cause of unintentional injury death in children aged 1 to 19 years, accounting for nearly 1100 deaths per year...
  37. Eich C, Bräuer A, Timmermann A, Schwarz S, Russo S, Neubert K, et al. Outcome of 12 drowned children with attempted resuscitation on cardiopulmonary bypass: an analysis of variables based on the "Utstein Style for Drowning". Resuscitation. 2007;75:42-52 pubmed
    In 2003, the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) published the "Utstein Style for Drowning" (USFD) to advance knowledge on the epidemiology, treatment, and outcome prediction after drowning...
  38. Topjian A, Berg R, Bierens J, Branche C, Clark R, Friberg H, et al. Brain resuscitation in the drowning victim. Neurocrit Care. 2012;17:441-67 pubmed publisher
    b>Drowning is a leading cause of accidental death. Survivors may sustain severe neurologic morbidity. There is negligible research specific to brain injury in drowning making current clinical management non-specific to this disorder...
  39. Nasrullah M, Muazzam S. Drowning mortality in the United States, 1999-2006. J Community Health. 2011;36:69-75 pubmed publisher
    b>Drowning is the fifth leading cause of unintentional fatalities in the US...
  40. Franklin R, Scarr J, Pearn J. Reducing drowning deaths: the continued challenge of immersion fatalities in Australia. Med J Aust. 2010;192:123-6 pubmed
    To explore 5 years of drowning deaths in Australia compared with a previous Australian study a decade earlier, and to assess the feasibility of achieving a 50% reduction in unintentional drowning deaths by 2020.
  41. Rahman A, Mashreky S, Chowdhury S, Giashuddin M, Uhaa I, Shafinaz S, et al. Analysis of the childhood fatal drowning situation in Bangladesh: exploring prevention measures for low-income countries. Inj Prev. 2009;15:75-9 pubmed publisher
    To determine the epidemiology of child drowning in order to propose possible interventions for Bangladesh and other similar low-income countries.
  42. Irwin C, Irwin R, Ryan T, Drayer J. Urban minority youth swimming (in)ability in the United States and associated demographic characteristics: toward a drowning prevention plan. Inj Prev. 2009;15:234-9 pubmed publisher
    To examine swimming ability and variables associated with swimming for US inner-city, minority children. Empirical research on minority children's swimming ability is non-existent, and drowning rates for this population are high.
  43. Petrass L, Blitvich J, Finch C. Lack of caregiver supervision: a contributing factor in Australian unintentional child drowning deaths, 2000-2009. Med J Aust. 2011;194:228-31 pubmed
    To establish how frequently supervision was explicitly identified as a factor in coroner-certified unintentional drowning deaths of children in Australia, and to determine the percentage of cases where failure of supervision may have been ..
  44. Blum L, Khan R, Hyder A, Shahanaj S, El Arifeen S, Baqui A. Childhood drowning in Matlab, Bangladesh: an in-depth exploration of community perceptions and practices. Soc Sci Med. 2009;68:1720-7 pubmed publisher
    While reductions in infectious disease have resulted in impressive declines in child mortality in Bangladesh, drowning is becoming proportionately more important as a major cause of death, accounting for at least 19% of deaths of children ..
  45. Claesson A, Karlsson T, Thoren A, Herlitz J. Delay and performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in surf lifeguards after simulated cardiac arrest due to drowning. Am J Emerg Med. 2011;29:1044-50 pubmed publisher
    ..To describe time delay during surf rescue and compare the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) before and after exertion in surf lifeguards...
  46. Venema A, Groothoff J, Bierens J. The role of bystanders during rescue and resuscitation of drowning victims. Resuscitation. 2010;81:434-9 pubmed publisher
    Bystanders make a critical difference in the survival of drowning victims. Little information on their role before arrival of the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) is available in the scientific literature...
  47. Bell G, Gaitatzis A, Bell C, Johnson A, Sander J. Drowning in people with epilepsy: how great is the risk?. Neurology. 2008;71:578-82 pubmed publisher
    People with epilepsy are known to be at increased risk of death by drowning but there are few data available regarding the size of the risk. We aimed to quantify the risk using meta-analysis.
  48. Suresh Kumar Shetty B, Shetty M. Epidemiology of drowning in Mangalore, a coastal Taluk of South India. J Forensic Leg Med. 2007;14:410-5 pubmed
    b>Drowning is a major global public health problem which is amenable to prevention. According to the Global Burden of Diseases 2000 data, the number of deaths caused due to drowning is 449,000 people worldwide (7.4 per 100,000 population)...
  49. Brenner R, Saluja G, Smith G. Swimming lessons, swimming ability, and the risk of drowning. Inj Control Saf Promot. 2003;10:211-6 pubmed
    b>Drowning is a leading cause of injury related death in many countries. Strategies to prevent these deaths depend upon characteristics of the victim and the specific circumstances surrounding the event...
  50. Browne M, Lewis Michl E, Stark A. Watercraft-related drownings among New York State residents, 1988-1994. Public Health Rep. 2003;118:459-63 pubmed
    ..Ninety-three percent of watercraft-related drowning victims were male, with the highest rate of drowning observed among males ages 15-44 years...
  51. Brenner R. Prevention of drowning in infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2003;112:440-5 pubmed
    b>Drowning is a leading cause of injury-related death in children. In 2000, more than 1400 US children younger than 20 years drowned. Most (91%) of these deaths were unintentional and were not related to boating...
  52. Edmond K, Attia J, Deste C, Condon J. Drowning and near-drowning in Northern Territory children. Med J Aust. 2001;175:605-8 pubmed
    ..Descriptive, retrospective, population-based analysis of death and hospitalisation data for drowning and near-drowning. Children aged 0-14 years resident in Australia from 1983 to 1998...
  53. Lee L, Thompson K. Parental survey of beliefs and practices about bathing and water safety and their children: guidance for drowning prevention. Accid Anal Prev. 2007;39:58-62 pubmed
    b>Drowning represents the second leading cause of unintentional injury death in children less than 19 years. In children less than 5 years, many of these deaths occur in bathtubs...
  54. O Connor P, O Connor N. Work-related maritime fatalities. Accid Anal Prev. 2006;38:737-41 pubmed
    ..In order to continue to improve safety, it is essential that a constructive dialogue is maintained with industry sources, informed by independent research and up-to-date information...
  55. Orlowski J, Szpilman D. Drowning. Rescue, resuscitation, and reanimation. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2001;48:627-46 pubmed
    Several myths about drowning have developed over the years. This article has attempted to dispel some of these myths, as follows: 1. Drowning victims are unable to call or wave for help. 2...
  56. Moon R, Long R. Drowning and near-drowning. Emerg Med (Fremantle). 2002;14:377-86 pubmed
    ..This article outlines the pathogenesis and principles of treatment. Drowning is defined as death by asphyxia due to submersion in a liquid medium...
  57. Nguyen S, Kuschel C, Teele R, Spooner C. Water birth--a near-drowning experience. Pediatrics. 2002;110:411-3 pubmed