tracheal stenosis

Summary

Summary: A pathological narrowing of the TRACHEA.

Top Publications

  1. Hoppe H, Walder B, Sonnenschein M, Vock P, Dinkel H. Multidetector CT virtual bronchoscopy to grade tracheobronchial stenosis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2002;178:1195-200 pubmed
  2. Tsugawa C, Nishijima E, Muraji T, Satoh S, Takamizawa S, Yamaguchi M, et al. Tracheoplasty for long segment congenital tracheal stenosis: analysis of 29 patients over two decades. J Pediatr Surg. 2003;38:1703-6 pubmed
    The authors determined the long-term outcome of patients who underwent surgical repair of long-segment congenital tracheal stenosis (LCTS) and compared the quality of cartilage graft and slide tracheoplasty techniques.
  3. Puchalski J, Musani A. Tracheobronchial stenosis: causes and advances in management. Clin Chest Med. 2013;34:557-67 pubmed publisher
    ..of the airways by neoplastic or nonneoplastic processes, may be focal, as occurs with postintubation tracheal stenosis or a focal narrowing from a tumor, or more diffuse, such as those caused by inflammatory diseases...
  4. Marques P, Leal L, Spratley J, Cardoso E, Santos M. Tracheal resection with primary anastomosis: 10 years experience. Am J Otolaryngol. 2009;30:415-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of the study was to review clinical, imagiologic, and surgical outcomes of tracheal resection in the management of laryngotracheal stenosis...
  5. Furukawa K, Ishida J, Yamaguchi G, Usuda J, Tsutsui H, Saito M, et al. The role of airway stent placement in the management of tracheobronchial stenosis caused by inoperable advanced lung cancer. Surg Today. 2010;40:315-20 pubmed publisher
    ..We evaluated the role of airway stenting as one aspect of the multidisciplinary management of advanced lung cancer...
  6. Nesek Adam V, Mrsić V, Oberhofer D, Grizelj Stojcić E, Kosuta D, Rasić Z. Post-intubation long-segment tracheal stenosis of the posterior wall: a case report and review of the literature. J Anesth. 2010;24:621-5 pubmed publisher
    b>Tracheal stenosis, a well-known complication of endotracheal intubation and artificial ventilation, is most likely to occur in critically ill patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation...
  7. Park H, Kim H, Koh W, Suh G, Chung M, Kwon O. Natural stent in the management of post-intubation tracheal stenosis. Respirology. 2009;14:583-8 pubmed publisher
    The treatment choice for post-intubation tracheal stenosis (PITS) in patients for whom surgery is not initially feasible is bronchoscopic silicone stenting...
  8. Shitrit D, Kuchuk M, Zismanov V, Rahman N, Amital A, Kramer M. Bronchoscopic balloon dilatation of tracheobronchial stenosis: long-term follow-up. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2010;38:198-202 pubmed publisher
    ..Bronchoscopic balloon dilatation (BBD) has become a valuable tool in the treatment of tracheobronchial stenosis (TBS). The objective of this study was to assess the short- and long-term effects of BBD...
  9. Zhang J, Wang T, Wang J, Pei Y, Xu M, Wang Y, et al. Effect of three interventional bronchoscopic methods on tracheal stenosis and the formation of granulation tissues in dogs. Chin Med J (Engl). 2010;123:621-7 pubmed
    Therapeutic approaches for tracheal stenosis caused by the formation of exuberant granulation tissues usually include electrocautery, mechanical dilation, laser therapy, argon plasma coagulation (APC), cryotherapy and stent placement...

More Information

Publications92

  1. Kim W, Shin J, Kim J, Song J, Song H. Management of tracheal obstruction caused by benign or malignant thyroid disease using covered retrievable self-expandable nitinol stents. Acta Radiol. 2010;51:768-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Curative resection is often contraindicated in patients with airway obstruction by aggressive thyroid disease...
  2. Charokopos N, Foroulis C, Rouska E, Sileli M, Papadopoulos N, Papakonstantinou C. The management of post-intubation tracheal stenoses with self-expandable stents: early and long-term results in 11 cases. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2011;40:919-24 pubmed publisher
    ..The early and long-term results of 11 patients with post-intubation tracheal stenosis, who underwent tracheal stenting with self-expandable metallic stents (SEMSs), are presented.
  3. Verbanck S, De Keukeleire T, Schuermans D, Meysman M, Vincken W, Thompson B. Detecting upper airway obstruction in patients with tracheal stenosis. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2010;109:47-52 pubmed publisher
    ..for detecting upper airway obstruction (UAO) as an alternative to spirometric UAO indices in patients with tracheal stenosis. From oscillometry performed at different breathing flow rates, airway resistance at 5 Hz was determined at ..
  4. Wain J. Postintubation tracheal stenosis. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009;21:284-9 pubmed publisher
    Postintubation tracheal stenosis is caused by either cuff-induced ischemic damage to the trachea, stomal injury from a tracheostomy, or a combination of the two...
  5. Tanigawa N, Kariya S, Komemushi A, Nakatani M, Yagi R, Sawada S. Metallic stent placement for malignant airway stenosis. Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol. 2012;21:108-12 pubmed publisher
    ..It is effective for treating stenosis due to either tracheobronchial intraluminal tumor or extrinsic compression. Restenting is also useful to treat dyspnea caused by restenosis following stent placement...
  6. Noppen M, Stratakos G, Amjadi K, De Weerdt S, D Haese J, Meysman M, et al. Stenting allows weaning and extubation in ventilator- or tracheostomy dependency secondary to benign airway disease. Respir Med. 2007;101:139-45 pubmed
  7. Herrington H, Weber S, Andersen P. Modern management of laryngotracheal stenosis. Laryngoscope. 2006;116:1553-7 pubmed
    ..Patients undergoing dilation for laryngotracheal stenosis require multiple procedures. However, major reconstructive procedures are well tolerated and currently represent a viable primary treatment for laryngotracheal stenosis. ..
  8. Lando T, April M, Ward R. Minimally invasive techniques in laryngotracheal reconstruction. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2008;41:935-46, ix pubmed publisher
    ..With improved precision, our results with postoperative voice and swallowing should improve. ..
  9. Amorico M, Drago A, Vetruccio E, Bollino F, Pizzuti G, Gallo E. Tracheobronchial stenosis: role of virtual endoscopy in diagnosis and follow-up after therapy. Radiol Med. 2006;111:1064-77 pubmed
  10. Sarper A, Ayten A, Eser I, Ozbudak O, Demircan A. Tracheal stenosis aftertracheostomy or intubation: review with special regard to cause and management. Tex Heart Inst J. 2005;32:154-8 pubmed
    To investigate the management outcomes of patients who developed tracheal stenosis after tracheostomy or intubation, we reviewed the courses of 45 patients who had experienced tracheal stenosis at a single institution, over 19 years from ..
  11. Marel M, Pekarek Z, Spasova I, Pafko P, Schutzner J, Betka J, et al. Management of benign stenoses of the large airways in the university hospital in Prague, Czech Republic, in 1998-2003. Respiration. 2005;72:622-8 pubmed
    ..If the patient is not a suitable candidate for resection, interventional bronchoscopy is an appropriate alternative for the management of benign stenoses of the large airways. ..
  12. Ferretti G, Kocier M, Calaque O, Arbib F, Righini C, Coulomb M, et al. Follow-up after stent insertion in the tracheobronchial tree: role of helical computed tomography in comparison with fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Eur Radiol. 2003;13:1172-8 pubmed
    ..008). Computed tomography is an accurate noninvasive method for evaluating endobronchial stents. The CT is a useful technique for follow-up of patients who have undergone endobronchial stenting. ..
  13. Perepelitsyn I, Shapshay S. Endoscopic treatment of laryngeal and tracheal stenosis-has mitomycin C improved the outcome?. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004;131:16-20 pubmed
    The management of laryngeal and tracheal stenosis remains a challenging problem despite advances in endoscopic surgical techniques...
  14. Christenson T, Artz G, Goldhammer J, Spiegel J, Boon M. Tracheal stenosis after placement of percutaneous dilational tracheotomy. Laryngoscope. 2008;118:222-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In this paper, we review those cases to demonstrate that tracheal stenosis is a potential long-term complication of percutaneous dilational tracheotomy. Case series...
  15. Abdelkafy W, El Atriby M, Iskandar N, Mattox D, Mansour K. Slide tracheoplasty applied to acquired subglottic and upper tracheal stenosis: an experimental study in a canine model. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;133:327-30 pubmed
    ..To assess the applicability and complications of slide tracheoplasty in the management of subglottic and upper tracheal stenosis in experimental animals...
  16. Pornsuriyasak P, Murgu S, Colt H. Pseudomembranous aspergillus tracheobronchitis superimposed on post-tuberculosis tracheal stenosis. Respirology. 2009;14:144-7 pubmed publisher
    Pseudomembranous aspergillus tracheobronchitis superimposed on post-tuberculosis tracheal stenosis has not been previously reported...
  17. Chiu P, Kim P. Prognostic factors in the surgical treatment of congenital tracheal stenosis: a multicenter analysis of the literature. J Pediatr Surg. 2006;41:221-5; discussion 221-5 pubmed
    Congenital tracheal stenosis (CTS) often requires urgent surgical intervention. We evaluated prognostic factors to determine the risks of surgical interventions by conducting a retrospective review of recent case series...
  18. Monnier P. Airway stenting with the LT-Mold: experience in 30 pediatric cases. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2007;71:1351-9 pubmed
    ..Adequate fixation is mandatory to avoid extrusion. ..
  19. Wan I, Lee T, Lam H, Abdullah V, Yim A. Tracheobronchial stenting for tuberculous airway stenosis. Chest. 2002;122:370-4 pubmed
    ..Endoscopic dilatation with placement of a silicone stent is an effective treatment for patients with tuberculous tracheobronchial stenosis. ..
  20. Grenier P, Beigelman Aubry C, Fetita C, Preteux F, Brauner M, Lenoir S. New frontiers in CT imaging of airway disease. Eur Radiol. 2002;12:1022-44 pubmed
    ..This contributes to better insights in physiopathology of obstructive lung disease, particularly in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. ..
  21. Norwood S, Vallina V, Short K, Saigusa M, Fernandez L, McLarty J. Incidence of tracheal stenosis and other late complications after percutaneous tracheostomy. Ann Surg. 2000;232:233-41 pubmed
    To determine the incidence of tracheal stenosis, voice and breathing changes, and stomal complications after percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT)...
  22. Walser E. Stent placement for tracheobronchial disease. Eur J Radiol. 2005;55:321-30 pubmed
    ..Due to the importance of pre- and post-procedural imaging in these patients, radiologists should be aware of airway anatomy suitable for stent placement and the appearance of various complications of this procedure. ..
  23. Antón Pacheco J, Cano I, Comas J, Galletti L, Polo L, García A, et al. Management of congenital tracheal stenosis in infancy. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2006;29:991-6 pubmed
    Congenital tracheal stenosis (CTS) is a very infrequent malformation. Till recently, the outlook for these patients was dismal because medical management was the only way of treatment...
  24. Kocyildirim E, Kanani M, Roebuck D, Wallis C, McLaren C, Noctor C, et al. Long-segment tracheal stenosis: slide tracheoplasty and a multidisciplinary approach improve outcomes and reduce costs. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004;128:876-82 pubmed
    Long-segment tracheal stenosis is rare, life-threatening, difficult, and expensive to treat. Management remains controversial...
  25. Mittleman E, Weisse C, Mehler S, Lee J. Fracture of an endoluminal nitinol stent used in the treatment of tracheal collapse in a dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2004;225:1217-21, 1196 pubmed
  26. Liu H, Lee K, Huang C, Cheng C, Hsu W, Huang M. Silicone T-tube for complex laryngotracheal problems. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2002;21:326-30 pubmed
    The use of a T-tube to manage complex laryngotracheal lesions, such as tracheal stenosis, tracheomalacia and tracheal injury, has previously been reported by other surgeons in the past...
  27. Cavaliere S, Bezzi M, Toninelli C, Foccoli P. Management of post-intubation tracheal stenoses using the endoscopic approach. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 2007;67:73-80 pubmed
    b>Tracheal stenosis is a common complication of intubation with or without subsequent tracheotomy whose management remains poorly defined...
  28. Pereszlenyi A, Igaz M, Majer I, Harustiak S. Role of endotracheal stenting in tracheal reconstruction surgery-retrospective analysis. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2004;25:1059-64 pubmed
    To review a single institution experience with tracheal stenosis treatment and to define a role of endotracheal stenting in tracheal reconstruction surgery...
  29. Backer C, Mavroudis C, Holinger L. Repair of congenital tracheal stenosis. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2002;5:173-86 pubmed
    ..Chicago, IL) between 1982 and 2001 on 54 infants with complete tracheal rings and primary or recurrent tracheal stenosis. Short-term and long-term outcomes are reviewed for all techniques including pericardial tracheoplasty, ..
  30. Heyer C, Nuesslein T, Jung D, Peters S, Lemburg S, Rieger C, et al. Tracheobronchial anomalies and stenoses: detection with low-dose multidetector CT with virtual tracheobronchoscopy--comparison with flexible tracheobronchoscopy. Radiology. 2007;242:542-9 pubmed
    ..However, tracheal narrowing due to tracheobronchomalacia was difficult to diagnose at single-phase multidetector CT with VT. ..
  31. Mayse M, Greenheck J, Friedman M, Kovitz K. Successful bronchoscopic balloon dilation of nonmalignant tracheobronchial obstruction without fluoroscopy. Chest. 2004;126:634-7 pubmed
    ..14 years; 80% men) underwent 59 BBD procedures without fluoroscopy for the following conditions: iatrogenic tracheal stenosis (80%); saber-sheath trachea (4%); bronchial stenosis resulting from lung transplantation (4%); sarcoidosis (..
  32. Mandour M, Remacle M, Van de Heyning P, Elwany S, Tantawy A, Gaafar A. Chronic subglottic and tracheal stenosis: endoscopic management vs. surgical reconstruction. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2003;260:374-80 pubmed
    ..However, if contraindications to open surgery exist, whether local or general, laser-assisted endoscopy with stenting can offer good palliative results. ..
  33. Mostafa B, Dessouky O. The role of endoluminal self-expanding stents in the management of pediatric tracheal stenosis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2008;72:1371-6 pubmed publisher
    Review of our experience in the management of pediatric tracheal stenosis using endoscopic techniques and self-expanding intraluminal stents...
  34. Lodha R, Guglani L, Sharma S, Kabra S. Ventilatory management of severe tracheal stenosis. Indian J Pediatr. 2006;73:441-4 pubmed
    We present here a 4 year old child with severe tracheal stenosis and respiratory failure. The patient was not responding to conventional ventilation settings and had significant hypercarbia...
  35. Pfammatter J, Casaulta C, Pavlovic M, Berdat P, Frey U, Carrel T. Important excess morbidity due to upper airway anomalies in the perioperative course in infant cardiac surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006;81:1008-12 pubmed
    ..The study aimed at defining the excess morbidity or mortality caused by an additional airway malformation in children with congenital heart disease requiring surgery...
  36. Brouns M, Jayaraju S, Lacor C, de Mey J, Noppen M, Vincken W, et al. Tracheal stenosis: a flow dynamics study. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2007;102:1178-84 pubmed
    Patients referred for treatment of tracheal stenosis typically are asymptomatic until critical narrowing of the airway occurs, which then requires immediate intervention...
  37. Softah A. Rigid bronchoscopic dilatation of postintubation tracheal stenosis. West Afr J Med. 2005;24:234-8 pubmed
    Postintubation tracheal stenosis (PITS) occurs due to excessive pressure on the trachea by the cuff of the endotracheal tube which leads to local ischaemic necrosis of the tracheal cartilage and excessive growth of granulation tissue...
  38. Loukanov T, Sebening C, Springer W, Ulmer H, Hagl S. Simultaneous management of congenital tracheal stenosis and cardiac anomalies in infants. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005;130:1537-41 pubmed
    The present article aims to describe our experience with patients who underwent simultaneous repair of congenital tracheal stenosis and cardiac anomalies.
  39. Nouraei S, Petrou M, Randhawa P, Singh A, Howard D, Sandhu G. Bacterial colonization of airway stents: a promoter of granulation tissue formation following laryngotracheal reconstruction. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006;132:1086-90 pubmed
    ..To investigate whether airway granulation, a common occurrence during laryngotracheal reconstructive surgery and a common cause of delays in definitive treatment and treatment failure, is associated with a microbial etiology...
  40. Oshima Y, Yamaguchi M, Yoshimura N, Sato S, Muraji T, Nishijima E, et al. Management of pulmonary artery sling associated with tracheal stenosis. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008;86:1334-8 pubmed publisher
    Pulmonary artery sling is often associated with congenital tracheal stenosis and intracardiac anomalies. This study examines the influence of concomitant anomalies and individual surgical procedures.
  41. George M, Lang F, Pasche P, Monnier P. Surgical management of laryngotracheal stenosis in adults. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2005;262:609-15 pubmed
    ..Similar to data in the literature, post-intubation injury was the leading cause of stenosis in our series. A resection length of up to 6 cm with laryngeal release procedures (when necessary) was found to be technically feasible...
  42. Kuczkowski K, Benumof J. Subglottic tracheal stenosis in pregnancy: anaesthetic implications. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2003;31:576-7 pubmed
    We present the first reported case of a pregnant patient with severe subglottic tracheal stenosis who required elective surgical tracheostomy prior to administration of labour analgesia.
  43. Backer C, Mavroudis C. Congenital Heart Surgery Nomenclature and Database Project: vascular rings, tracheal stenosis, pectus excavatum. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000;69:S308-18 pubmed
    The extant nomenclature for vascular rings, tracheal stenosis, and pectus deformities is reviewed for the purpose of establishing a unified reporting system...
  44. Carretta A, Melloni G, Ciriaco P, Libretti L, Casiraghi M, Bandiera A, et al. Preoperative assessment in patients with postintubation tracheal stenosis : Rigid and flexible bronchoscopy versus spiral CT scan with multiplanar reconstructions. Surg Endosc. 2006;20:905-8 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to compare these techniques in the diagnostic assessment of patients with tracheal stenosis submitted to surgical treatment.
  45. Prince J, Duhamel D, Levin D, Harrell J, Friedman P. Nonneoplastic lesions of the tracheobronchial wall: radiologic findings with bronchoscopic correlation. Radiographics. 2002;22 Spec No:S215-30 pubmed
  46. Mizuno J, Nakano M, Kasuya M, Nishiyama T, Hanaoka K. [A case of giant thyroid tumor with tracheal stenosis]. Masui. 2004;53:682-6 pubmed
    A 61-year-old female underwent resection of a giant thyroid tumor, and tracheal stenosis ensued. She had cough, dyspnea, and palpitation in the supine position...
  47. Grillo H, Wright C, Vlahakes G, MacGillivray T. Management of congenital tracheal stenosis by means of slide tracheoplasty or resection and reconstruction, with long-term follow-up of growth after slide tracheoplasty. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2002;123:145-52 pubmed
    The difficult problem of congenital tracheal stenosis is infrequent and has been managed with several methods. Patch tracheoplasty has been favored in recent years...
  48. Galluccio G, Lucantoni G, Battistoni P, Paone G, Batzella S, Lucifora V, et al. Interventional endoscopy in the management of benign tracheal stenoses: definitive treatment at long-term follow-up. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2009;35:429-33; discussion 933-4 pubmed publisher
    Interventional bronchoscopy is one of the modalities for palliation and definitive treatment of benign tracheal stenosis. There is however no general agreement on the management of this disease...
  49. Backer C, Mavroudis C, Gerber M, Holinger L. Tracheal surgery in children: an 18-year review of four techniques. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2001;19:777-84 pubmed
    Review the short- and long-term outcomes of a single institution experience in infants with congenital tracheal stenosis, comparing four different operative techniques used from 1982 through 2000.
  50. Koshkareva Y, Gaughan J, Soliman A. Risk factors for adult laryngotracheal stenosis: a review of 74 cases. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2007;116:206-10 pubmed
    ..We sought to identify risk factors for and review our experience in the management of adult acquired laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS) at an academic urban medical center...
  51. Noppen M, Meysman M, Claes I, D Haese J, Vincken W. Screw-thread vs Dumon endoprosthesis in the management of tracheal stenosis. Chest. 1999;115:532-5 pubmed
    A frequent complication of the widely used Dumon silicone stent is its tendency to migrate when used in tracheal stenosis. We compared the clinical efficacy and complications (including migration) of the Dumon stent with a screw-thread ..
  52. Raghuraman G, Rajan S, Marzouk J, Mullhi D, Smith F. Is tracheal stenosis caused by percutaneous tracheostomy different from that by surgical tracheostomy?. Chest. 2005;127:879-85 pubmed
    To compare the surgical findings of tracheal stenosis caused by percutaneous tracheostomy (PCT) and surgical tracheostomy (SGT).
  53. de Mello Filho F, Antonio S, Carrau R. Endoscopically placed expandable metal tracheal stents for the management of complicated tracheal stenosis. Am J Otolaryngol. 2003;24:34-40 pubmed
    Metal stents have been advocated to manage complicated tracheal stenosis.
  54. Hoppe H, Dinkel H, Walder B, von Allmen G, Gugger M, Vock P. Grading airway stenosis down to the segmental level using virtual bronchoscopy. Chest. 2004;125:704-11 pubmed
    ..To assess the sensitivity of noninvasive virtual bronchoscopy based on multirow detector CT scanning in detecting and grading central and segmental airway stenosis using flexible bronchoscopic findings as the reference standard...
  55. Tsugawa J, Satoh S, Nishijima E, Takamizawa S, Muraji T, Kanegawa K, et al. Development of acquired tracheal stenosis in premature infants due to prolonged endotracheal ventilation: etiological considerations and surgical management. Pediatr Surg Int. 2006;22:887-90 pubmed
    The aim of this study was to determine the etiology and appropriate surgical treatment for acquired tracheal stenosis that developed in patients who had undergone prolonged endotracheal mechanical ventilation as premature neonates...
  56. Thornton R, Gordon R, Kerlan R, LaBerge J, Wilson M, Wolanske K, et al. Outcomes of tracheobronchial stent placement for benign disease. Radiology. 2006;240:273-82 pubmed
    ..To retrospectively determine long-term outcomes in patients who have undergone tracheobronchial stent placement for benign diseases...
  57. Iñiguez Cuadra R, San Martín Prieto J, Iñiguez Cuadra M, Zúñiga Erranz S, Jofré Pavez D, González Bombardiere S, et al. Effect of mitomycin in the surgical treatment of tracheal stenosis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;134:709-14 pubmed publisher
    ..To assess the capacity of high and low doses of the antimitotic drug mitomycin to prevent laryngeal stenosis in an animal model...
  58. Monnier P, George M, Monod M, Lang F. The role of the CO2 laser in the management of laryngotracheal stenosis: a survey of 100 cases. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2005;262:602-8 pubmed
    ..Some guidelines for safe endoscopic treatment modalities with of the CO2 laser, dilatation and/or stenting are proposed...
  59. Taha M, Mostafa B, Fahmy M, Ghaffar M, Ghany E. Spiral CT virtual bronchoscopy with multiplanar reformatting in the evaluation of post-intubation tracheal stenosis: comparison between endoscopic, radiological and surgical findings. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2009;266:863-6 pubmed publisher
    We evaluated the usefulness and accuracy of spiral CT in detection and assessment of post-intubation tracheal stenosis. Fourteen patients with post intubation stenosis underwent evaluation of their airway by spiral CT scan with ..
  60. Wynn R, Har El G, Lim J. Tracheal resection with end-to-end anastomosis for benign tracheal stenosis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2004;113:613-7 pubmed
    To review our experience with tracheal resection with end-to-end anastomosis for tracheal stenosis, we performed a retrospective review at a tertiary-care academic medical center...
  61. De Ugarte D, Puapong D, Roostaeian J, Gillis N, Fonkalsrud E, Atkinson J, et al. Surgisis patch tracheoplasty in a rodent model for tracheal stenosis. J Surg Res. 2003;112:65-9 pubmed
    b>Tracheal stenosis is a challenging surgical problem that can require reconstruction using autologous grafts or artificial stents...
  62. Nouraei S, Kapoor K, Nouraei S, Ghufoor K, Howard D, Sandhu G. Results of endoscopic tracheoplasty for treating tracheostomy-related airway stenosis. Clin Otolaryngol. 2007;32:471-5 pubmed
    ..It achieves a successful outcome while avoiding the operative risks, prolonged hospitalisation, and morbidity that is associated with tracheal resection. We recommend it as the standard of care for treating patients with this injury...
  63. Zhou Y, Zhu S, Zhu S, An X. Anesthetic management of emergent critical tracheal stenosis. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2007;8:522-5 pubmed
    Two case reports of emergent anesthesia of critical tracheal stenosis are presented. The use of extracorporeal circulation may be a lifesaving method for these patients...
  64. Bell M, Bodenham A, Murphy P, MacKenzie S. Tracheal stenosis after percutaneous dilational tracheostomy. Anaesthesia. 2007;62:292-3; author reply 293 pubmed
  65. Monnier P. A new stent for the management of adult and pediatric laryngotracheal stenosis. Laryngoscope. 2003;113:1418-22 pubmed
  66. Marulli G, Rizzardi G, Bortolotti L, Loy M, Breda C, Hamad A, et al. Single-staged laryngotracheal resection and reconstruction for benign strictures in adults. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2008;7:227-30; discussion 230 pubmed publisher
    ..In our experience, this procedure guaranteed excellent to satisfactory results in more than 90% of patients...
  67. Cook T, Seller C, Gupta K, Thornton M, O Sullivan E. Non-conventional uses of the Aintree Intubating Catheter in management of the difficult airway. Anaesthesia. 2007;62:169-74 pubmed
    ..In two cases of tracheal stenosis the AIC was used as a 'long narrow tracheal tube' during fibre-optic intubation: the AIC facilitated passage ..
  68. Wain J. Postintubation tracheal stenosis. Chest Surg Clin N Am. 2003;13:231-46 pubmed
    Postintubation tracheal stenosis is a clinical problem caused by regional ischemic necrosis of the airway...
  69. Stauffer J, Olson D, Petty T. Complications and consequences of endotracheal intubation and tracheotomy. A prospective study of 150 critically ill adult patients. Am J Med. 1981;70:65-76 pubmed
    ..Follow-up studies of survivors revealed a high prevalence of tracheal stenosis after tracheotomy (65 percent) and significantly less after endotracheal intubation (19 percent)(p < 0...
  70. Wu C, Liu Y, Hsieh M, Wu Y, Lu M, Ko P, et al. Airway stents in management of tracheal stenosis: have we improved?. ANZ J Surg. 2007;77:27-32 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to present our experience using airway stent in the management of patients with tracheal stenosis.
  71. Isa A, MacAndie C, Irvine B. Nitinol stents in the treatment of benign proximal tracheal stenosis or tracheomalacia. J Laryngol Otol. 2006;120:32-7 pubmed
    Nitinol stents have been used in the treatment of benign tracheal stenosis. A retrospective review of five patients treated at Stobhill Hospital over the last six and a half years is presented...
  72. Fiore A, Brown J, Weber T, Turrentine M. Surgical treatment of pulmonary artery sling and tracheal stenosis. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005;79:38-46; discussion 38-46 pubmed
    Pulmonary artery sling is a rare vascular ring and is commonly associated with tracheal stenosis. Symptomatic newborns and infants with these complex lesions have a high mortality rate without surgical intervention...
  73. Rahbar R, Shapshay S, Healy G. Mitomycin: effects on laryngeal and tracheal stenosis, benefits, and complications. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2001;110:1-6 pubmed
    The management of laryngeal and tracheal stenosis continues to challenge us, despite advances in surgical techniques and better understanding of the wound healing process...
  74. Cotter C, Jones D, Nuss R, Jonas R. Management of distal tracheal stenosis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1999;125:325-8 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the treatment, perioperative management, and outcome of infants who underwent repair of congenital tracheal stenosis. We hypothesized that early resection and tracheoplasty with early weaning of ventilatory support results in ..
  75. Tsuchida M, Hashimoto T, Shinohara H, Hosaka Y, Koike T, Hayashi J. [Tracheal resection and reconstruction for tracheal stenosis]. Kyobu Geka. 2008;61:914-9 pubmed
    Five patients underwent surgery for tracheal stenosis. The cause of stenosis was congenital tracheal stenosis in 1 case, post-intubation tracheal stenosis in 1 case, and tracheal stenosis due to thyroid cancer invasion in 3 cases...
  76. Carretta A, Casiraghi M, Melloni G, Bandiera A, Ciriaco P, Ferla L, et al. Montgomery T-tube placement in the treatment of benign tracheal lesions. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2009;36:352-6; discussion 356 pubmed publisher
    Although surgery remains the gold standard for the treatment of benign tracheal stenosis, airway stenting may be indicated in the event of complex lesions or associated diseases...
  77. Bolliger C, Sutedja T, Strausz J, Freitag L. Therapeutic bronchoscopy with immediate effect: laser, electrocautery, argon plasma coagulation and stents. Eur Respir J. 2006;27:1258-71 pubmed
  78. Phipps L, Raymond J, Angeletti T. Congenital tracheal stenosis. Crit Care Nurse. 2006;26:60-9 pubmed
  79. Soon J, Agasthian T. Total tracheal resection for long-segment benign tracheal stenosis. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008;85:654-6 pubmed publisher
    Tracheal resection for long benign tracheal stenosis is challenging because of the lack of a suitable replacement to facilitate tension-free anastomosis...
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    ..s: To report and analyze our 6-year experience with implanting 112 self-expandable metallic stents (SEMSs) using flexible bronchoscopy (FB)...
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    We assessed the results of self-expanding metallic stent insertion into benign proximal tracheal stenosis in patients not appropriate or unfit for surgical repair...
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    ..Modern-day surgeons continue to struggle with the prevention and the treatment of this difficult problem, and the purpose of this review is to examine new causes, diagnostic methods, and treatments in laryngotracheal stenosis...
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