respiratory system abnormalities


Summary: Congenital structural abnormalities of the respiratory system.

Top Publications

  1. Goo H, Chae E, Seo J, Hong S. Xenon ventilation CT using a dual-source dual-energy technique: dynamic ventilation abnormality in a child with bronchial atresia. Pediatr Radiol. 2008;38:1113-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We report the typical ventilation abnormalities, collateral ventilation and air trapping in the affected lung segment demonstrated on xenon ventilation CT in a child with bronchial atresia...
  2. Kohl T, Gembruch U, Tchatcheva K, Schaible T. Current consequences of prenatal diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia by Deprest et al (J Ped Surg 2006;41:423-30). J Pediatr Surg. 2006;41:1344-5; author reply 1345-6 pubmed
  3. Lane J, Bladon B, Little D, Naylor J, Franklin S. Dynamic obstructions of the equine upper respiratory tract. Part 1: observations during high-speed treadmill endoscopy of 600 Thoroughbred racehorses. Equine Vet J. 2006;38:393-9 pubmed
    ..To review the prevalence of single and complex forms of dynamic airway obstructions within a large group of Thoroughbred horses in training referred for investigation of poor performance...
  4. Lane J, Bladon B, Little D, Naylor J, Franklin S. Dynamic obstructions of the equine upper respiratory tract. Part 2: comparison of endoscopic findings at rest and during high-speed treadmill exercise of 600 Thoroughbred racehorses. Equine Vet J. 2006;38:401-7 pubmed
    ..The reliability of diagnoses of obstructive conditions of the upper respiratory tract (URT) based on examinations performed at rest vs. at exercise is controversial...
  5. Galetta D, Veronesi G, Leo F, Solli P, Spaggiari L. Anomalous right upper lobe venous drainage. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006;82:2272-4 pubmed
    ..Preoperative identification of such an aberrant venous drainage is useful for avoiding unexpected intraoperative bleeding. ..
  6. Pfammatter J, Casaulta C, Pavlovic M, Berdat P, Frey U, Carrel T. Important excess morbidity due to upper airway anomalies in the perioperative course in infant cardiac surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006;81:1008-12 pubmed
    ..The study aimed at defining the excess morbidity or mortality caused by an additional airway malformation in children with congenital heart disease requiring surgery...
  7. Gallot D, Marceau G, Coste K, Hadden H, Robert Gnansia E, Laurichesse H, et al. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: a retinoid-signaling pathway disruption during lung development?. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2005;73:523-31 pubmed
    ..Finally, we highlight the existing links between CDH and disruption of the retinoid-signaling pathway, which may suggest an eventual use of retinoids in the treatment of CDH. ..
  8. Herrera P, Caldarone C, Forte V, Holtby H, Cox P, Chiu P, et al. Topsy-turvy heart with associated congenital tracheobronchial stenosis and airway compression requiring surgical reconstruction. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008;86:282-3 pubmed publisher
  9. Jiao H, Xu Z, Wu L, Cheng Z, Ji X, Zhong H, et al. Detection of airway anomalies in pediatric patients with cardiovascular anomalies with low dose prospective ECG-gated dual-source CT. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e82826 pubmed publisher
    ..60 ± 0.20 mSv. In pediatric patients, ECG-triggered CT to evaluate congenital cardiovascular anomalies can also be used to diagnose and characterize fixed airway involvement in relation to the vascular structures. ..

More Information

Publications108 found, 100 shown here

  1. Mechoulan A, Podevin G, Paumier A, Philippe H, Le Mouel F, Le Vaillant C, et al. [Is the bronchial atresia prenatal diagnosis possible?]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil. 2008;36:407-12 pubmed publisher
    ..We analysed this malformation through a literature review in order to discuss differential diagnosis to be evoked, as well as appropriate perinatal management. ..
  2. Kucur C, Ozbay I, Gulcan E, Kulekci S, Aksoy S, Oghan F. Evaluation of nasal mucociliary activity in patients with chronic renal failure. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2016;273:1167-71 pubmed publisher
    ..that may result in important extrarenal systemic consequences, such as cardiovascular, metabolic, and respiratory system abnormalities. Although there are studies describing nasal manifestations of CRF, data are lacking concerning the ..
  3. Keswani S, Crombleholme T, Pawel B, Johnson M, Flake A, Hedrick H, et al. Prenatal diagnosis and management of mainstem bronchial atresia. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2005;20:74-8 pubmed
    ..Post-mortem findings in both cases confirmed the presence of an atretic mainstem bronchus with massive enlargement of the lung. Bronchial atresia involving the mainstem bronchus is associated with a poor prognosis. ..
  4. Katayama K, Tsuyuguchi M, Hino N, Okada M, Haku T, Kiyoku H. Adult case of accessory cardiac bronchus presenting with bloody sputum. Jpn J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005;53:641-4 pubmed
    ..The bloody sputum was caused by chronic inflammation of the ACB. She has been asymptomatic since surgery. ..
  5. Paramalingam S, Parkinson E, Sellars M, Diaz Cano S, Nicolaides K, Davenport M. Congenital segmental emphysema: an evolving lesion. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2010;20:78-81 pubmed publisher
    ..This may be associated with segmental bronchial atresia and progressive air trapping via collateral airways such as the interalveolar pores of Kohn. ..
  6. Nisa L, Holtz F, Sandu K. Paralyzed neonatal larynx in adduction. Case series, systematic review and analysis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2013;77:13-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Newborns with major co-morbidities affecting their normal development are more likely to have poor functional outcomes and to remain tracheostomy-dependant. ..
  7. Khan S, Dunn J, Ariff B, Juli C, Karunanithy N, Strickland N, et al. A rare combination of cardiopulmonary anomalies demonstrated on ventilation-perfusion scan. Nucl Med Rev Cent East Eur. 2008;11:37-9 pubmed
    ..Most of the cardiac anomalies, including right-sided aortic arch and right-to-left shunt, can be deduced from careful examination of the V/Q scan. A subsequent cardiac MRI scan confirmed the anomalies...
  8. Miller C, Linck J, Willging J. Duration and extent of dysphagia following pediatric airway reconstruction. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2009;73:573-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Post-operative feeding difficulty occurred in patients with pre-existing feeding issues such as oral aversion and/or texture resistance regardless of reconstructive surgical procedure type. ..
  9. Barber M, Blaisdell C. Respiratory causes of infant mortality: progress and challenges. Am J Perinatol. 2010;27:549-58 pubmed publisher
    ..The most common non-RDS respiratory cause of infant mortality was due to congenital malformations of the respiratory tract, which did not change dramatically over the 25 years studied. ..
  10. Bates S, Tao J, Collins H, Francone O, Rothblat G. Pulmonary abnormalities due to ABCA1 deficiency in mice. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2005;289:L980-9 pubmed
    ..The results indicate that the activity of ABCA1 is important for the maintenance of normal lung lipid composition, structure, and function...
  11. Yang J, Jun T, Sung K, Choi J, Lee Y, Park P. Repair of long-segment congenital tracheal stenosis. J Korean Med Sci. 2007;22:491-6 pubmed
    ..These data demonstrate that pericardial patch tracheoplasty show poor results, whereas autograft or slide tracheoplasty gives excellent short- and long-term results. ..
  12. Bai W, Golmirzaie K, Burke C, Van Veen T, Christensen R, Voepel Lewis T, et al. Evaluation of emergency pediatric tracheal intubation by pediatric anesthesiologists on inpatient units and the emergency department. Paediatr Anaesth. 2016;26:384-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Difficult intubation was observed frequently in children with preexisting airway and craniofacial abnormalities and often required the use of an alternative airway device to successfully secure the airway. ..
  13. Powar R, Tubaki V. Supernumerary nostril with complete unilateral cleft lip: a case report and review. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2007;44:657-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Most supernumerary nostrils are situated superior to the normal nostrils and very few of them are situated at the same level or below the normal nostrils. In this case, the supernumerary nostril was placed lateral to the normal nostril. ..
  14. Fausett S, Klingensmith J. Compartmentalization of the foregut tube: developmental origins of the trachea and esophagus. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Dev Biol. 2012;1:184-202 pubmed publisher
    ..Future research should focus on synthesizing detailed information gleaned from both human patients and rodent models to further our understanding of this enigmatic process. ..
  15. Kakkar N, Menon S, Radotra B. Spectrum of pediatric developmental and genetic renal lesions and associated congenital malformations--an autopsy study from north India. Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 2006;25:35-49 pubmed
    ..Ductal plate malformation was found in all cases of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease and in 1 case of bilateral multicystic dysplasia. ..
  16. Román Corona Rivera J, López Marure E, Gómez Ruíz L, del Carmen Abreu Fernández M, Quezada López C, Pérez Molina J, et al. Airway anomalies in the oculoauriculofrontonasal syndrome. Clin Dysmorphol. 2007;16:43-5 pubmed
    ..Although previously unreported in oculoauriculofrontonasal syndrome, airway anomalies in our case can be attributed to the oculo-auriculo-vertebral component of the oculoauriculofrontonasal syndrome. ..
  17. Dinwiddie R. Congenital upper airway obstruction. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2004;5:17-24 pubmed
    ..Treatment is aimed at overcoming the mechanical effects of airway obstruction and maximising nutritional input so as to promote growth of the airway and long-term recovery of normal upper airway function. ..
  18. Anderson D, St Jean G. Surgery of the upper respiratory system. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 2008;24:319-34, vii pubmed publisher
    ..Aspects of physical, radiographic, endoscopic, and ultrasonographic examination are explored. Conditions of the nares, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx, palate, nasolacrimal duct, pharynx, and larynx are covered. ..
  19. Reardon R, Fraser B, Heller J, Lischer C, Parkin T, Bladon B. The use of race winnings, ratings and a performance index to assess the effect of thermocautery of the soft palate for treatment of horses with suspected intermittent dorsal displacement. A case-control study in 110 racing Thoroughbreds. Equine Vet J. 2008;40:508-13 pubmed publisher
    ..The measures of performance showed significant correlation. Thermocautery of the soft palate alone may not be the most efficacious treatment of DDSP. Production of a reliable measure of racehorse performance may be possible. ..
  20. Sugimoto K, Takayasu H, Nakazawa N, Montedonico S, Puri P. Prenatal treatment with retinoic acid accelerates type 1 alveolar cell proliferation of the hypoplastic lung in the nitrofen model of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. J Pediatr Surg. 2008;43:367-72 pubmed publisher
    ..05). The ICAM-1 and Ttf-1 immunoreactivity demonstrated similar pattern of expression in various groups. Our results demonstrate that prenatal treatment with RA accelerates AEC-I proliferation in the hypoplastic lung in CDH. ..
  21. Khen Dunlop N, Sarnacki S, Revillon Y. [When congenital lung malformations have to be operated?]. Rev Pneumol Clin. 2012;68:101-9 pubmed publisher
    ..But these procedures are still under evaluation and, in light of possible fetal and maternal complications, they should only be performed in tertiary centers and in the context of specific protocols. ..
  22. Gillani S, Kazmi N, Najeeb S, Hussain S, Raza A. Frequencies of congenital anomalies among newborns admitted in nursery of Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad, Pakistan. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2011;23:117-21 pubmed
    ..Cases of meningomyelocele were the commonest presenting congenital anomaly. More stress should be laid on the role of peri-conceptional vitamin supplementation like folic acid for the primary prevention of congenital defects. ..
  23. O Brien J, Dumas H, Haley S, O Neil M, Renn M, Bartolacci T, et al. Clinical findings and resource use of infants and toddlers dependent on oxygen and ventilators. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2002;41:155-62 pubmed
    ..Further study is recommended using clinical data in program planning, in program improvements, and for setting outcome expectations for infants and toddlers dependent on pulmonary technology. ..
  24. Chun Y, Jung S. The effect analysis and comparison between gastroschisis and tracheal ligation on experimental diaphragmatic hernia in fetal rabbits. J Pediatr Surg. 2007;42:2030-4 pubmed
    ..From the histologic viewpoint, the effects of gastroschisis and tracheal ligation on pulmonary hypoplasia in diaphragmatic hernia have no differences. ..
  25. Kamiyoshihara M, Ibe T, Takise A, Takeyoshi I. Atypical bronchoplasty to preserve the lung parenchyma: the bronchofolding technique. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008;135:1184-5 pubmed publisher
  26. Correia Pinto J, Gonzaga S, Huang Y, Rottier R. Congenital lung lesions--underlying molecular mechanisms. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2010;19:171-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of this review is to briefly review normal lung development and to analyze the known molecular mechanisms underlying those diseases. ..
  27. Pletcher B, Turcios N. Pulmonary complications of genetic disorders. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2012;13:2-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This review is focused on the clinical aspects rather than the basic science; comprehensive reviews on specific disease entities are readily available. ..
  28. Nakata M, Sase M, Anno K, Sumie M, Hasegawa K, Nakamura Y, et al. Prenatal sonographic chest and lung measurements for predicting severe pulmonary hypoplasia in left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Early Hum Dev. 2003;72:75-81 pubmed
  29. Aslanabadi S, Djalilian H, Zarrintan S, Sokhandan M, Hashem Zadeh H, Lotfi A. Supernumerary nostril together with esophageal atresia, imperforate anus and patent ductus arteriosus: a case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Surg Int. 2009;25:433-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first case of supernumerary nostril which has been accompanied by three other congenital anomalies. In addition to the presented case, we review all the literature cases of supernumerary nostril. ..
  30. Hubbard A. Magnetic resonance imaging of fetal thoracic abnormalities. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2001;12:18-24 pubmed
    ..It can help differentiate different masses and is most helpful in evaluation of large or atypical masses. It also is very important in planning in utero interventional procedures, delivery, and immediate postnatal surgery. ..
  31. Wang X, Huang Y, Li Q, Dai J. [Diagnostic values of bronchoscopy and multi-slice spiral CT for congenital dysplasia of the respiratory system in infants: a comparative study]. Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2013;15:759-62 pubmed
    ..Bronchoscopy is valuable in the confirmed diagnosis of tracheobronchomalacia. Multi-slice spiral CT has a higher diagnostic value for lung tissue dysplasia than bronchoscopy. ..
  32. Alvarez Sala Walther J. [Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome]. An R Acad Nac Med (Madr). 2002;119:197-211; discussion 212-6 pubmed
    ..In some cases surgical procedures may be considered, such as uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. ..
  33. Girosi D, Bellodi S, Sabatini F, Rossi G. The lung and the gut: common origins, close links. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2006;7 Suppl 1:S235-9 pubmed
  34. Decalmer S, Woodcock A, Greaves M, Howe M, Smith J. Airway abnormalities at flexible bronchoscopy in patients with chronic cough. Eur Respir J. 2007;30:1138-42 pubmed
    ..These subtle changes could not have been predicted from less invasive procedures and would have been missed without bronchoscopy. Flexible bronchoscopy is indicated in persistent unexplained cough and may reveal contributing pathology. ..
  35. Choi Y, Kim S, Lee J, Nam J, Choi C, Na K, et al. Abundant cartilage formation of congenital pulmonary airway malformation--a case report. Pathol Res Pract. 2009;205:494-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We think that this case represents a cartilaginous variant of CPAM. The cartilaginous variant of CPAM should be differentiated pathologically from other pulmonary neoplasms containing abundant cartilage, such as chondroid hamartoma. ..
  36. Muensterer O, Till H, Bergmann F, Klis V, Metzger R, Deprest J, et al. Lung growth induced by prenatal instillation of perfluorocarbon into the fetal rabbit lung. Pediatr Surg Int. 2004;20:248-52 pubmed
    ..This novel technique may be a less invasive and less noxious treatment strategy for pulmonary hypoplasia associated with diaphragmatic hernia. ..
  37. Orsini B, Doddoli C, Brioude G, D Journo X, Trousse D, Gaubert J, et al. [Non-tumoral vascular disorders of the lung in the adulthood]. Rev Pneumol Clin. 2012;68:146-51 pubmed publisher
    ..This explains why their diagnosis is challenging and usually delayed. Surgery is the cornerstone of their treatment, although interventional radiology represents currently a less invasive alternative option for some of them...
  38. Antón Pacheco J, Luna Paredes C, Martínez Gimeno A, Garcia Hernandez G, Martín de la Vega R, Romance Garcia A. The role of bronchoscopy in the management of patients with severe craniofacial syndromes. J Pediatr Surg. 2012;47:1512-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Bronchoscopy should be performed routinely in this selected group of patients, and the entire airway must be examined. Treatment should be tailored to each individual patient. ..
  39. Cass D, Olutoye O, Cassady C, Zamora I, Ivey R, Ayres N, et al. EXIT-to-resection for fetuses with large lung masses and persistent mediastinal compression near birth. J Pediatr Surg. 2013;48:138-44 pubmed publisher
    ..The EXIT-to-resection procedure is a favorable delivery approach for those fetuses with large LM and PMC near birth. ..
  40. Azzie G, Beasley S. Diagnosis and treatment of foregut duplications. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2003;12:46-54 pubmed
    ..Minimal-access surgical techniques can be applied to the simpler cysts, particularly some bronchogenic cysts. Thoraco-abdominal duplications and neurenteric cysts require careful preoperative delineation and more complex surgery. ..
  41. Laje P, Liechty K. Postnatal management and outcome of prenatally diagnosed lung lesions. Prenat Diagn. 2008;28:612-8 pubmed publisher
  42. Quarti A, Di Eusanio M, Pierri M, Di Eusanio G. Left superior vena cava draining into the left atrium, associated with partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection: surgical correction. J Card Surg. 2005;20:353-5 pubmed
    ..The correction has been achieved by rerouting the pulmonary venous return into the left atrium and by transposition of the left vena cava on the right appendage...
  43. Fischer D, Schloesser R, Veldman A. Management of congenital tracheal agenesis. Eur J Pediatr. 2007;166:885; author reply 887 pubmed
  44. Wilson R. In utero therapy for fetal thoracic abnormalities. Prenat Diagn. 2008;28:619-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Maternal morbidity is increased with the development of MIRROR syndrome following the presence of long-standing fetal hydrops and possible surgical procedures...
  45. Berry J, Graham R, Roberson D, Rhein L, Graham D, Zhou J, et al. Patient characteristics associated with in-hospital mortality in children following tracheotomy. Arch Dis Child. 2010;95:703-10 pubmed publisher
    ..To identify children at risk for in-hospital mortality following tracheotomy...
  46. Barth R. Imaging of fetal chest masses. Pediatr Radiol. 2012;42 Suppl 1:S62-73 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, anomalies that mimic masses and less common causes of lung masses will be discussed...
  47. McLeod D, Akierman A, Trevenen C. Combination of renal agenesis with respiratory and alimentary tract atresia results in normal lung development. Am J Med Genet. 2001;102:327-9 pubmed
    ..This suggests the possible treatment of oligohydramnios by tracheal occlusion...
  48. Cai X, Zhu L, Zhao Z, Yang M, Xie L. [The clinic diagnosis and analysis of two cases of congenital pulmonary dysplasia]. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi. 2003;41:625-6 pubmed
  49. Paterson A. Imaging evaluation of congenital lung abnormalities in infants and children. Radiol Clin North Am. 2005;43:303-23 pubmed
    ..Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations have been included at the end of the article. Anomalies affecting the pulmonary parenchyma, its arterial supply, and venous drainage are thus discussed...
  50. Pollock P, Reardon R, Parkin T, Johnston M, Tate J, Love S. Dynamic respiratory endoscopy in 67 Thoroughbred racehorses training under normal ridden exercise conditions. Equine Vet J. 2009;41:354-60 pubmed
    ..With the advent of a wireless endoscope, this is now possible. However, there has been no detailed validation of the technique and findings have not been compared to ridden speed...
  51. Jiang S, Shi J, Zhu X, Chen C, Sun X, Yu D, et al. Endovascular embolization of the complete type of anomalous systemic arterial supply to normal basal lung segments: a report of four cases and literature review. Chest. 2011;139:1506-1513 pubmed publisher
    ..To our knowledge, only six such cases treated with transarterial embolization have been reported previously in adult patients...
  52. Meyer S, Zimmermann T. [Congenital disorders of the lungs and airways--survey of cases at the Paediatric Hospital Erlangen in the period 2000 to 2011]. Pneumologie. 2013;67:388-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Clinical symptoms of the disease and associated malformations, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures were discussed...
  53. Hall N, Chiu P, Langer J. Morbidity after elective resection of prenatally diagnosed asymptomatic congenital pulmonary airway malformations. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016;51:525-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Since there is a paucity of data relating to surgical risks in this specific population, we reviewed our experience to further inform this controversy...
  54. Kalache K, Franz M, Chaoui R, Bollmann R. Ultrasound measurements of the diameter of the fetal trachea, larynx and pharynx throughout gestation applicability to prenatal diagnosis of obstructive anomalies of the upper respiratory-digestive tract. Prenat Diagn. 1999;19:211-8 pubmed
    ..Among the structures measured, only the trachea may prove to be of clinical significance...
  55. Lee S, Cheung Y, Leung M, Ng Y, Tsoi N. Airway obstruction in children with congenital heart disease: assessment by flexible bronchoscopy. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2002;34:304-11 pubmed
    ..Flexible bronchoscopy, being safe and effective in diagnosing airway disorders in this patient group, should be considered as the first line of investigation...
  56. Matturri L, Lavezzi A, Minoli I, Ottaviani G, Rubino B, Cappellini A, et al. Association between pulmonary hypoplasia and hypoplasia of arcuate nucleus in stillbirth. J Perinatol. 2003;23:328-32 pubmed
    ..To investigate lung development and to correlate pulmonary hypoplasia with hypoplasia of the arcuate nucleus in stillbirths...
  57. Li S, Fang T, Lee S, Li H. A rudimentary epiglottis associated with Pierre Robin sequence. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006;35:668-70 pubmed
  58. Kinane T. Lung development and implications for hypoplasia found in congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet. 2007;145C:117-24 pubmed
    ..Understanding all aspects of early lung development will provide fresh insight into the pathogenesis of CDH and its associated conditions...
  59. Kanzaki R, Higashiyama M, Oda K, Okami J, Maeda J, Kodama K. Surgical treatment for lung cancer in the left lung complicated by isolated right thoracic isomerism. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008;56:512-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The unique anatomical and surgical problems in this thoracic anomaly are discussed...
  60. Desmaizieres L, Serraud N, Plainfosse B, Michel A, Tamzali Y. Dynamic respiratory endoscopy without treadmill in 68 performance Standardbred, Thoroughbred and saddle horses under natural training conditions. Equine Vet J. 2009;41:347-52 pubmed
    ..The availability of on-board endoscopes, which could be used without a treadmill, would make exercising endoscopy readily available to more equine practices...
  61. Strand E, Skjerve E. Complex dynamic upper airway collapse: associations between abnormalities in 99 harness racehorses with one or more dynamic disorders. Equine Vet J. 2012;44:524-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Many horses demonstrate dynamic collapse of more than one upper respiratory tract (URT) structure during high-speed treadmill videoendoscopy (HSTV)...
  62. da Silva P, de Aguiar V, Fonseca M. Risk factors and outcomes of unplanned PICU postoperative admissions: a nested case-control study. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2013;14:420-8 pubmed publisher
    ..However, detailed knowledge of risk factors and outcomes after UIA in children is still lacking...
  63. Windsor A, Clemmens C, Jacobs I. Rare Upper Airway Anomalies. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2016;17:24-8 pubmed publisher
  64. Parente E, Martin B, Tulleners E, Ross M. Dorsal displacement of the soft palate in 92 horses during high-speed treadmill examination (1993-1998). Vet Surg. 2002;31:507-12 pubmed
  65. Polańska B, Sidor D, Leszczyk Kapusta I, Niemczuk M, Paradowska Jeszke W, Ciborska K, et al. Neutrophil elastase and interleukin-8 as inflammatory mediators in mechanically ventilated children. Med Sci Monit. 2004;10:CR463-8 pubmed
    ..The aim of our study was to assess inflammatory states by determining elastase in complex with alpha1-proteinase inhibitor (E-alpha1PI) and IL-8 in children requiring mechanical ventilation...
  66. Long F. Imaging evolution of airway disorders in children. Radiol Clin North Am. 2005;43:371-89 pubmed
    ..The potential role of noninvasive controlled ventilation CT in developing quantitative measures of airway disease is highlighted and clinical examples demonstrating the use of the technique are shown...
  67. Kameyama K, Okumura N, Kokado Y, Miyoshi K, Matsuoka T, Nakagawa T. Congenital bronchial atresia associated with spontaneous pneumothorax. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006;82:1497-9 pubmed
    ..Bulla formation was believed to have resulted from emphysematous changes in the peripheral lung due to congenital bronchial atresia. The pneumothorax may have occurred due to rupture of the bulla...
  68. Ibrahim L, Jacono F, Patel S, Thomas R, Larkin E, Mietus J, et al. Heritability of abnormalities in cardiopulmonary coupling in sleep apnea: use of an electrocardiogram-based technique. Sleep. 2010;33:643-6 pubmed
    ..We evaluated the familial aggregation of distinctive spectrographic biomarkers of unstable sleep, related to elevated-low frequency cardiopulmonary coupling (e-LFC), to assess their utility in genetic studies...
  69. Garcia Pena P, Coma A, Enriquez G. Congenital lung malformations: radiological findings and clues for differential diagnosis. Acta Radiol. 2013;54:1086-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, this review discusses a useful classification and offers some clues to facilitate the differential diagnosis. ..
  70. Cimino A, Speciale R, Gallina S, Cimino M, Marrone O, Salvaggio A, et al. [The surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome]. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 1995;15:3-14 pubmed
    ..If, on the one hand, all these surgical treatments can be considered a good way of therapy, on the other, only tracheostomy represents today the unfailing surgical therapy...
  71. Unemoto K, Sakai M, Shima H, Guarino N, Puri P. Increased expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in the lung of nitrofen-induced congenital diaphragmatic hernia in rats. Pediatr Surg Int. 2003;19:365-70 pubmed
    ..Decreased expression of adhesion molecules in CDH lungs after Dex treatment suggests that antenatal glucocorticoids therapy may improve pulmonary immaturity and associated respiratory distress in nitrofen-induced CDH lung...
  72. Marcus C, Smith R, Mankarious L, Arens R, Mitchell G, Elluru R, et al. Developmental aspects of the upper airway: report from an NHLBI Workshop, March 5-6, 2009. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 2009;6:513-20 pubmed publisher
    ..This report provides recommendations that could facilitate translation of basic research findings into practice to better diagnose, treat, and prevent airway compromise in children...
  73. Guidry C, McGahren E. Pediatric chest I: Developmental and physiologic conditions for the surgeon. Surg Clin North Am. 2012;92:615-43, viii pubmed publisher
    ..This article addresses basic anatomic considerations of the chest and describes common conditions of the lungs, pleura, and mediastinum that affect children...
  74. Watarai F, Takahashi M, Hosoya T, Murata K. Congenital lung abnormalities: a pictorial review of imaging findings. Jpn J Radiol. 2012;30:787-97 pubmed publisher
    ..This article reviews the clinical and radiographic features of various CLM...
  75. Elloy M, Cochrane L, Wyatt M. Tracheal cartilaginous sleeve with cricoid cartilage involvement in Pfeiffer syndrome. J Craniofac Surg. 2006;17:272-4 pubmed
    ..We report a case of type II Pfeiffer syndrome with tracheal cartilaginous sleeve and cricoid cartilage involvement. We discuss our strategy for the management of the airway of this patient...
  76. Lodato D, Hedlund C. Brachycephalic airway syndrome: management. Compend Contin Educ Vet. 2012;34:E4 pubmed
    ..This article reviews potential complications, anesthetic considerations, recovery strategies, and outcomes associated with medical and surgical management of BAS...
  77. Aktas T, Aktaş F, Ozmen Z, Server S, Arıcı A. Large-cell lung cancer originating from tracheal bronchus - A rare case. J Pak Med Assoc. 2016;66:475-6 pubmed
    ..We present a 75 years old male patient as possibly the first case having tracheal bronchus and large-cell carcinoma association in literature. ..
  78. Kumar A. Perinatal management of common neonatal thoracic lesions. Indian J Pediatr. 2008;75:931-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study reviews the antenatal detection, clinical presentation, interventional/surgical procedures [antenatally and postnatally] and outcome of these common neonatal thoracic surgical lesions...
  79. Zhang W, Zhang H, Li C, Luo Y, Cheng J, Huang L, et al. [Clinical analysis of 234 cases with congenital malformations of respiratory system]. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi. 2009;47:436-40 pubmed
    ..To explore clinical characteristics, radiographic findings and diagnostic methods of patients with congenital malformations of respiratory system for enhancing the diagnosis of congenital malformations of respiratory system in children...
  80. Mordant P, De Dominicis F, Berna P, Riquet M. [Tracheobronchial and pulmonary parenchymatous congenital abnormalities requiring surgical treatment in adults]. Rev Pneumol Clin. 2012;68:110-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To avoid dreadful complications, these rare cases deserve surgical management, and must be known by chest physicians and surgeons...
  81. Sorichetti B, Moxham J, Kozak F. Type IV congenital laryngeal web: Case report and 15 year follow up. Am J Otolaryngol. 2016;37:148-51 pubmed publisher
  82. Cooper S, Flaitz C, Johnston D, Lee B, Hecht J. A natural history of cleidocranial dysplasia. Am J Med Genet. 2001;104:1-6 pubmed
    ..Clinical recommendations based on the results of this study are included...
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    ..The objective of the study is to present longitudinal observations in antenatally detected congenital lung malformations (CLM), particularly pulmonary sequestration (PS) and cystic adenomatoid malformation (CAM)...
  84. De Beer D, Bingham R. The child with facial abnormalities. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2011;24:282-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this review is to outline the priorities in the anaesthetic management of the child with facial abnormalities. It presents a practical approach to this, based on the anatomical site of the deformity and degree of mouth opening...
  85. Sims C, von Ungern Sternberg B. The normal and the challenging pediatric airway. Paediatr Anaesth. 2012;22:521-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Guidelines are given how to deal with these patients as well as with the feared but rare scenario of 'cannot ventilate, cannot intubate' in children...
  86. Lyons M, Vlastarakos P, Nikolopoulos T. Congenital and acquired developmental problems of the upper airway in newborns and infants. Early Hum Dev. 2012;88:951-5 pubmed publisher
    ..To review the current knowledge on congenital and acquired developmental problems of the upper airway in newborns and infants...
  87. Singal A, Srinivas M, Bhatnagar V. Bronchopulmonary foregut malformation in association with diaphragmatic eventration. J Pediatr Surg. 2006;41:1329-31 pubmed
    ..Abnormal budding along the developing foregut tube may lead to foregut cysts. In both cases, the bronchopulmonary foregut malformations were excised, and the diaphragm was repaired. The results of surgery were gratifying in both cases...
  88. Dancewicz M, Kowalewski J, Kusiak I, Pepliński J, Szabo Moskal J. [Magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of retrosternal anterior diaphragmatic hernia in an adult man]. Wiad Lek. 2006;59:548-51 pubmed
    ..The hernia was repaired through thoracic incision. The postoperative course proved uneventful: the patient was discharged from the hospital 10 days after surgical intervention...
  89. Hou J. Congenital arhinia with de novo reciprocal translocation, t(3;12)(q13.2;p11.2). Am J Med Genet A. 2004;130A:200-3 pubmed
    ..She had a de novo reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 3q13.2 and 12p11.2. Certain gene(s) located at either of the breakpoints, 3q13.2 and 12p11.2, may be involved in the pathogenesis of her arhinia...
  90. Salles M, Deschildre A, Bonnel C, Dubos J, Bonnevalle M, Devismes L, et al. [Diagnosis and treatment of congenital bronchopulmonary malformations. A review of 32 cases]. Arch Pediatr. 2005;12:1703-8 pubmed
    ..Analysis of our experience and propositions on the diagnosis and treatment of congenital bronchopulmonary malformations (BPM)...
  91. Abitayeh G, Ruano R, Martinovic J, Barthe B, Aubry M, Benachi A. Prenatal diagnosis of main stem bronchial atresia using 3-dimensional ultrasonographic technologies. J Ultrasound Med. 2010;29:633-8 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this series was to report the contribution of 3-dimensional ultrasonographic (3DUS) technologies in performing the prenatal diagnosis of main stem bronchial atresia (BA)...
  92. Papon J, Perrault I, Coste A, Louis B, Gerard X, Hanein S, et al. Abnormal respiratory cilia in non-syndromic Leber congenital amaurosis with CEP290 mutations. J Med Genet. 2010;47:829-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is the earliest and most severe inherited retinal degeneration. Isolated forms of LCA frequently result from mutation of the CEP290 gene which is expressed in various ciliated tissues...