nasal obstruction

Summary

Summary: Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the nose. The obstruction may be unilateral or bilateral, and may involve any part of the NASAL CAVITY.

Top Publications

  1. Trindade I, Conegliam P, Trindade S, Dias N, Sampaio Teixeira A. Internal nasal dimensions of adults with nasal obstruction. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2013;79:575-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Nasal septum deviation (SD) and turbinate hypertrophy (TH) increase the resistance to respiratory airflow and may impair nasal patency...
  2. Davila I, Sastre J, Mullol J, Montoro J, Jauregui I, Ferrer M, et al. Effect of bilastine upon nasal obstruction. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2011;21 Suppl 3:2-8 pubmed
    ..rhinorrhea and itching, though they have not been regarded as particularly effective in application to nasal obstruction. The most recent studies, involving second-generation H1 antihistamines (desloratadine, fexofenadine, ..
  3. Phillips P, Stow N, Timperley D, Sacks R, Srubiski A, Harvey R, et al. Functional and cosmetic outcomes of external approach septoplasty. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2011;25:351-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was designed to describe functional and cosmetic outcomes of the external approach for septoplasty...
  4. Liu T, Han D, Wang J, Tan J, Zang H, Wang T, et al. Effects of septal deviation on the airflow characteristics: using computational fluid dynamics models. Acta Otolaryngol. 2012;132:290-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Both the location of the septal deviation and the inferior turbinate hypertrophy in the concave side may play an important role in airflow patterns and airflow velocity...
  5. Cho G, Kim J, Jang Y. Correlation of nasal obstruction with nasal cross-sectional area measured by computed tomography in patients with nasal septal deviation. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2012;121:239-45 pubmed
    The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the subjective sensation of nasal obstruction and the corresponding cross-sectional area for nasal airflow in patients with a deviated septum.
  6. Frank D, Kimbell J, Cannon D, Pawar S, Rhee J. Deviated nasal septum hinders intranasal sprays: a computer simulation study. Rhinology. 2012;50:311-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This study investigates how deviated nasal septum affects the quantity and distribution of spray particles, and examines the effects of inspiratory airflow and head position on particle transport...
  7. Farhadi M, Ghanbari H, Izadi F, Amintehran E, Eikani M, Ghavami Y. Role of spirometry in detection of nasal obstruction. J Laryngol Otol. 2013;127:271-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Rhinomanometry and acoustic rhinometry have been developed for anatomical and physiological evaluation of nasal obstruction. This study was designed to determine the usefulness of a portable spirometer in assessing upper airway ..
  8. Rujanavej V, Snidvongs K, Chusakul S, Aeumjaturapat S. The validity of peak nasal inspiratory flow as a screening tool for nasal obstruction. J Med Assoc Thai. 2012;95:1205-10 pubmed
    ..The peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) is used as an outcome measure in post-treatment clinical and research evaluation. It is simple and cost effective. The validity of the use as a screening tool has never been assessed..
  9. Iwasaki T, Saitoh I, Takemoto Y, Inada E, Kanomi R, Hayasaki H, et al. Improvement of nasal airway ventilation after rapid maxillary expansion evaluated with computational fluid dynamics. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2012;141:269-78 pubmed publisher
    ..However, it is difficult to precisely evaluate this improvement with conventional methods. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to use computational fluid dynamics to estimate the effect of rapid maxillary expansion...

More Information

Publications82

  1. Hiraki N, Suzuki H, Udaka T, Shiomori T. Snoring, daytime sleepiness, and nasal obstruction with or without allergic rhinitis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;134:1254-7 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the relationships among nasal obstruction (NO), snoring, and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in working people with or without allergic rhinitis (AR). Prospective study using questionnaires...
  2. Rhee J, Poetker D, Smith T, Bustillo A, Burzynski M, Davis R. Nasal valve surgery improves disease-specific quality of life. Laryngoscope. 2005;115:437-40 pubmed
    Disease-specific quality-of-life (QOL) assessment of patients with nasal valve compromise and symptomatic nasal obstruction has not been studied previously...
  3. Gocmen H, Oguz H, Ceylan K, Samim E. Infected inferior turbinate pneumatization. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2005;262:979-81 pubmed
    ..Inferior turbinate pneumatization is among the most rare causes of nasal obstruction. In the current literature, there are only ten reported cases of inferior turbinate pneumatization...
  4. Guo Y, Zhang Y, Chen G, Liu S, Lu X, Zhu M, et al. [A computational fluid dynamics study of inner flow through nasal cavity with unilateral hypertrophic inferior turbinate]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2009;23:773-7 pubmed
  5. Fischer Y, Keck T, Leiacker R, Rozsasi A, Rettinger G, Gruen P. Effects of nasal mask leak and heated humidification on nasal mucosa in the therapy with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP). Sleep Breath. 2008;12:353-7 pubmed publisher
    ..nCPAP with heated humidifier is able to compensate the dehydration effects induced by nCPAP therapy with NML by increasing the aH at the anterior turbinate area to the levels observed during breathing with nCPAP alone. ..
  6. Chen X, Lee H, Chong V, Wang D. Impact of inferior turbinate hypertrophy on the aerodynamic pattern and physiological functions of the turbulent airflow - a CFD simulation model. Rhinology. 2010;48:163-8 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of nasal obstruction with enlargement of inferior turbinates on the aerodynamic flow pattern using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) tools including the effects of turbulence...
  7. André R, Vuyk H, Ahmed A, Graamans K, Nolst Trenite G. Correlation between subjective and objective evaluation of the nasal airway. A systematic review of the highest level of evidence. Clin Otolaryngol. 2009;34:518-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Correlations were related to unilateral or combined assessment of nasal passages and to symptomatic nasal obstruction or unobstructed nasal breathing...
  8. Clarke J, Hopkins M, Eccles R. Evidence for correlation of objective and subjective measures of nasal airflow in patients with common cold. Clin Otolaryngol. 2005;30:35-8 pubmed
    ..Posterior rhinomanometry and units of conductance are recommended for future studies investigating the relationship between objective and subjective measures of nasal airflow. ..
  9. Ciprandi G, Cirillo I, Klersy C, Marseglia G, Caimmi D, Vizzaccaro A. Nasal obstruction is the key symptom in hay fever patients. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;133:429-35 pubmed
    Allergic rhinitis is characterized by a Th2-dependent inflammation. Nasal obstruction largely depends on allergic inflammation...
  10. Stull D, Krouse J, Meltzer E, Roberts L, Kim S, Frank L, et al. Development and validation of the Congestion Quantifier seven-item test (CQ7): a screening tool for nasal congestion. Value Health. 2007;10:457-65 pubmed
    ..The CQ7 is reliable, valid, and responsive to differences in severity of nasal congestion. The CQ7 can identify patients with congestion that may need to be evaluated by a clinician. ..
  11. Reiffel A, Cross K, Spinelli H. Nasal spreader grafts: a comparison of medpor to autologous tissue reconstruction. Ann Plast Surg. 2011;66:24-8 pubmed publisher
  12. Ryan S, Doherty L, Nolan G, McNicholas W. Effects of heated humidification and topical steroids on compliance, nasal symptoms, and quality of life in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome using nasal continuous positive airway pressure. J Clin Sleep Med. 2009;5:422-7 pubmed
    ..We tested the hypothesis that heated humidification or nasal topical steroids improve compliance, nasal side effects and quality of life in this patient group...
  13. Patou J, De Smedt H, Van Cauwenberge P, Bachert C. Pathophysiology of nasal obstruction and meta-analysis of early and late effects of levocetirizine. Clin Exp Allergy. 2006;36:972-81 pubmed
    b>Nasal obstruction, also referred to as congestion, blockage or stuffiness, is a crucial symptom in allergic rhinitis (AR) and may affect sleep as well as quality of life...
  14. Leong S, Chen X, Lee H, Wang D. A review of the implications of computational fluid dynamic studies on nasal airflow and physiology. Rhinology. 2010;48:139-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Computational fluid dynamics has been adapted to studying nasal aerodynamics...
  15. Li H, Lin Y, Chen N, Lee L, Fang T, Wang P. Improvement in quality of life after nasal surgery alone for patients with obstructive sleep apnea and nasal obstruction. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;134:429-33 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the impact of nasal surgery alone on quality of life (QOL) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and nasal obstruction using generic and disease-specific QOL questionnaires.
  16. Stull D, Vernon M, Canonica G, Crespi S, Sandor D. Using the congestion quantifier seven-item test to assess change in patient symptoms and their impact. Allergy Asthma Proc. 2008;29:295-303 pubmed publisher
    ..Analyses of responsiveness to change suggest that a three- to four-point improvement is meaningful to patients. ..
  17. Kajiwara D, Aoyagi H, Shigeno K, Togawa M, Tanaka K, Inagaki N, et al. Role of hematopoietic prostaglandin D synthase in biphasic nasal obstruction in guinea pig model of experimental allergic rhinitis. Eur J Pharmacol. 2011;667:389-95 pubmed publisher
    We investigated the role of hematopoietic prostaglandin D synthase (H-PGDS) in biphasic nasal obstruction in allergic rhinitis using a new specific inhibitor, (N-methoxy-N-methyl)-4-(5-benzoylbenzimidazole-2-yl)-3,5-dimethylpyrrole-2-..
  18. Lee H, Poh H, Chong F, Wang D. Changes of airflow pattern in inferior turbinate hypertrophy: a computational fluid dynamics model. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2009;23:153-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Nasal obstruction (NO) is a very common symptom, but its effect on nasal physiology has not been fully understood...
  19. Chen X, Lee H, Chong V, Wang D. A computational fluid dynamics model for drug delivery in a nasal cavity with inferior turbinate hypertrophy. J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv. 2010;23:329-38 pubmed publisher
    ..Intranasal medications are commonly used in treating nasal diseases. However, technical details of the correct usage of these medications for nasal cavity with obstruction are unclear...
  20. Ozcan K, Gedikli Y, Ozcan I, Pasaoglu L, Dere H. Microdebrider for reduction of inferior turbinate: evaluation of effectiveness by computed tomography. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;37:463-8 pubmed
    ..Computed tomography (CT) is commonly employed to show the reduction in the inferior turbinate after surgery; however, measurements on the scans are rarely made...
  21. Gubisch W. Twenty-five years experience with extracorporeal septoplasty. Facial Plast Surg. 2006;22:230-9 pubmed
    ..Therefore, we conclude that the extracorporeal septoplasty with its refinements and the way we are doing it today can also be recommended to less experienced rhinosurgeons...
  22. Canakcioglu S, Tahamiler R, Saritzali G, Isildak H, Alimoglu Y. Nasal patency by rhinomanometry in patients with sensation of nasal obstruction. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2009;23:300-2 pubmed publisher
    The objective assessment of nasal patency is a common challenge in clinical practice. This study was designed to show and compare the values of active anterior rhinomanometry (RMM) in patients with sensation of nasal obstruction.
  23. Bachert C. A review of the efficacy of desloratadine, fexofenadine, and levocetirizine in the treatment of nasal congestion in patients with allergic rhinitis. Clin Ther. 2009;31:921-44 pubmed publisher
    ..First-generation and older second-generation antihistamines, while effective against nasal itching, sneezing, and rhinorrhea, have limited efficacy in relieving nasal congestion...
  24. Most S. Analysis of outcomes after functional rhinoplasty using a disease-specific quality-of-life instrument. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2006;8:306-9 pubmed
    ..To measure the efficacy of functional rhinoplasty techniques with a validated quality-of-life instrument...
  25. Moraes M, Magalhães A, Marinho L, Azevedo A, Carneiro F, Raymundo I. Rhinoscleroma causing severe bilateral nasal obstruction. Braz J Infect Dis. 2010;14:190-2 pubmed
    ..It is important to consider rhinoscleroma in cases of chronic nasal obstruction. As culture is not always positive, histopathological examination may be crucial to the diagnosis.
  26. Tosun F, Kemikli K, Yetkin S, Ozgen F, Durmaz A, Gerek M. Impact of endoscopic sinus surgery on sleep quality in patients with chronic nasal obstruction due to nasal polyposis. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:446-9 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of endoscopic sinus surgery on sleep quality in a patient group who has chronic nasal obstruction resulting from nasal polyposis.
  27. Pawar S, Garcia G, Kimbell J, Rhee J. Objective measures in aesthetic and functional nasal surgery: perspectives on nasal form and function. Facial Plast Surg. 2010;26:320-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In this article, we present an overview of objective measures in both aesthetic and functional nasal surgery and discuss future trends and applications that have the potential to change the way we assess nasal form and function...
  28. Sullivan S, Li K, Guilleminault C. Nasal obstruction in children with sleep-disordered breathing. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2008;37:645-8 pubmed
    b>Nasal obstruction secondary to pathological enlargement of inferior nasal turbinates contributes to sleep-disordered breathing (SBD) in prepubertal children, but treatments designed to address turbinate enlargement are often not ..
  29. Hore I, Georgalas C, Scadding G. Oral antihistamines for the symptom of nasal obstruction in persistent allergic rhinitis--a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Clin Exp Allergy. 2005;35:207-12 pubmed
    ..There is, however, uncertainty with respect to their effectiveness for a common symptom, that of nasal obstruction.
  30. Udaka T, Suzuki H, Kitamura T, Shiomori T, Hiraki N, Fujimura T, et al. Relationships among nasal obstruction, daytime sleepiness, and quality of life. Laryngoscope. 2006;116:2129-32 pubmed
    There has been growing awareness that nasal obstruction may impair various daily and social activities...
  31. Singh A, Patel N, Kenyon G, Donaldson G. Is there objective evidence that septal surgery improves nasal airflow?. J Laryngol Otol. 2006;120:916-20 pubmed
    ..To identify any prospective, controlled trials providing objective evidence of a reduction in nasal airway resistance following nasal septal surgery, and to undertake a meta-analysis of available data...
  32. Rhee J, Arganbright J, McMullin B, Hannley M. Evidence supporting functional rhinoplasty or nasal valve repair: A 25-year systematic review. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;139:10-20 pubmed publisher
    To systematically review the existing literature supporting the efficacy of modern-day rhinoplasty techniques for treatment of nasal obstruction due to nasal valve compromise.
  33. Mesolella M, Galli V, Testa D. Inferior turbinate osteoma: a rare cause of nasal obstruction. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;133:989-91 pubmed
  34. André R, D Souza A, Kunst H, Vuyk H. Sub-alar batten grafts as treatment for nasal valve incompetence; description of technique and functional evaluation. Rhinology. 2006;44:118-22 pubmed
  35. Dharia A, Karmody C, Rebeiz E. Schwannoma of the nasal cavity. Ear Nose Throat J. 2007;86:230-1, 243 pubmed
    ..The diagnosis is often made only after histologic examination. Because these lesions are radioresistant, the preferred treatment is complete surgical excision. We present a new case of a schwannoma of the nasal cavity...
  36. Passali D, Salerni L, Passali G, Passali F, Bellussi L. Nasal decongestants in the treatment of chronic nasal obstruction: efficacy and safety of use. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2006;5:783-90 pubmed
    Nasal decongestants are the most powerful drugs in the reduction of nasal obstruction. Despite their large use, local and systemic adverse reactions are frequent...
  37. Nyte C. Spreader graft injection with calcium hydroxylapatite: a nonsurgical technique for internal nasal valve collapse. Laryngoscope. 2006;116:1291-2 pubmed
  38. Morinaga M, Nakata S, Yasuma F, Noda A, Yagi H, Tagaya M, et al. Pharyngeal morphology: a determinant of successful nasal surgery for sleep apnea. Laryngoscope. 2009;119:1011-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To estimate the effectiveness of nasal surgery on the occurrence of sleep apnea, and to analyze the pharyngeal morphology of apnea patients whose sleep-disordered breathing was ameliorated postoperatively...
  39. Farmer S, Quine S, Eccles R. Efficacy of inferior turbinate coblation for treatment of nasal obstruction. J Laryngol Otol. 2009;123:309-14 pubmed publisher
    To determine the efficacy of inferior turbinate coblation for the treatment of nasal obstruction.
  40. Ballert J, Park S. Functional considerations in revision rhinoplasty. Facial Plast Surg. 2008;24:348-57 pubmed publisher
    The development of nasal obstruction after rhinoplasty is associated with significant patient dissatisfaction. Correction of nasal obstruction requires a thorough evaluation to determine the ANATOMIC EPICENTER of obstruction...
  41. Ingels K, Orhan K, van Heerbeek N. The effect of spreader grafts on nasal dorsal width in patients with nasal valve insufficiency. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2008;10:354-6 pubmed publisher
  42. Becker D, Ransom E, Guy C, Bloom J. Surgical treatment of nasal obstruction in rhinoplasty. Aesthet Surg J. 2010;30:347-78; quiz 379-80 pubmed publisher
    ..In this article, the authors review the differential diagnosis of nasal obstruction and the important components of a thorough examination...
  43. Hox V, Bobic S, Callebaux I, Jorissen M, Hellings P. Nasal obstruction and smell impairment in nasal polyp disease: correlation between objective and subjective parameters. Rhinology. 2010;48:426-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study is to investigate correlations between individual subjective and objective parameters of stable NP disease...
  44. Baraniuk J. Subjective nasal fullness and objective congestion. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 2011;8:62-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These results provide a starting point for linking the outcomes of pathophysiological processes with a patient's psychometrically calibrated sensation of airflow...
  45. Shinohara K, Hashimoto K, Yamashita M, Omori K. Schwannoma of the nasal septum removed with endoscopic surgery. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;132:963-4 pubmed
    A 50-year-old woman presented with a 30-year history of nasal obstruction. She had been treated for paranasal sinusitis at other hospitals and she was referred to our hospital for further examination...
  46. McLean H, Urton A, Driver H, Tan A, Day A, Munt P, et al. Effect of treating severe nasal obstruction on the severity of obstructive sleep apnoea. Eur Respir J. 2005;25:521-7 pubmed
    ..sleep and increased propensity for upper airway collapse is well documented, but the effect of treatment for nasal obstruction on mouth breathing during sleep and simultaneous obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) severity has not been ..
  47. Nyte C. Hyaluronic acid spreader-graft injection for internal nasal valve collapse. Ear Nose Throat J. 2007;86:272-3 pubmed
  48. Chen X, Lee H, Chong V, Wang D. Assessment of septal deviation effects on nasal air flow: a computational fluid dynamics model. Laryngoscope. 2009;119:1730-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this article is to analyze the effects of septal deviation on the aerodynamic air flow pattern compared with that of a normal nose by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) tools...
  49. McNicholas W. The nose and OSA: variable nasal obstruction may be more important in pathophysiology than fixed obstruction. Eur Respir J. 2008;32:3-8 pubmed publisher
  50. Udaka T, Suzuki H, Fujimura T, Hiraki N, Ohkubo J, Shiomori T, et al. Chronic nasal obstruction causes daytime sleepiness and decreased quality of life even in the absence of snoring. Am J Rhinol. 2007;21:564-9 pubmed
    There has been a growing awareness that nasal obstruction may impair various daily and social activities...
  51. Koutsourelakis I, Georgoulopoulos G, Perraki E, Vagiakis E, Roussos C, Zakynthinos S. Randomised trial of nasal surgery for fixed nasal obstruction in obstructive sleep apnoea. Eur Respir J. 2008;31:110-7 pubmed
    ..1+/-16.3 events x h(-1)) with symptomatic fixed nasal obstruction due to deviated septum were randomly assigned to either septoplasty (surgery group; 27 patients) or sham ..
  52. Becker S, Dobratz E, Stowell N, Barker D, Park S. Revision septoplasty: review of sources of persistent nasal obstruction. Am J Rhinol. 2008;22:440-4 pubmed publisher
    Patients with nasal obstruction from septal deviation commonly undergo septoplasty to improve nasal airflow...
  53. Sedwick J, Lopez A, Gajewski B, Simons R. Caudal septoplasty for treatment of septal deviation: aesthetic and functional correction of the nasal base. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2005;7:158-62 pubmed
    ..To describe our technique in the treatment of significant caudal septal deviation; to evaluate the effectiveness of our technique of caudal septoplasty in the treatment of caudal septal deviations...
  54. Faris C, Koury E, Kothari P, Frosh A. Functional rhinoplasty with batten and spreader grafts for correction of internal nasal valve incompetence. Rhinology. 2006;44:114-7 pubmed
    ..We a describe technique for correction of internal nasal valve incompetence (INVI) using functional rhinoplasty (FRP) with combined cartilaginous batten and spreader grafts and report the functional and cosmetic outcomes...
  55. Haack J, Papel I. Caudal septal deviation. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2009;42:427-36 pubmed publisher
    ..Deviation of the caudal portion of the nasal septum may result in nasal obstruction, a crooked nose, and columellar irregularities...
  56. Rodrigues M, Dibbern R, Goulart C. Nasal obstruction and high Mallampati score as risk factors for Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2010;76:596-9 pubmed
    Respiratory sleep disorders are strongly associated with upper airway patency. Nasal obstruction is associated with higher incidences of sleep apnea, primarily by increasing the negative pressure on the airway during inspiration.
  57. Kobayashi R, Miyazaki S, Karaki M, Kobayashi E, Karaki R, Akiyama K, et al. Measurement of nasal resistance by rhinomanometry in 892 Japanese elementary school children. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2011;38:73-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The normal value of nasal resistance in adults has been reported (0.25 Pa/cm³/s), but that in children has not. In this study, we measured nasal resistance in Japanese school children by employing rhinomanometry...
  58. Gruber R, Lin A, Richards T. Nasal strips for evaluating and classifying valvular nasal obstruction. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2011;35:211-5 pubmed publisher
    ..A normal-appearing upper lateral cartilage (ULC) or lower lateral cartilage (LLC) may be functionally abnormal. The Cottle sign estimates obstruction but not its exact location. A test is needed that evaluates the ULC and LLC separately...
  59. Zhu H, Feng Y, Zhao C. [The impact of nasal obstruction on OSAHS]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2010;24:547-8 pubmed
    To evaluate the impact of nasal obstruction on OSAHS.
  60. Chen X, Lee H, Chong V, Wang D. Numerical simulation of the effects of inferior turbinate surgery on nasal airway heating capacity. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2010;24:e118-22 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of inferior turbinate surgery on nasal airway heating capacity using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations...
  61. Tastan E, Demirci M, Aydin E, Aydogan F, Kazikdas K, Kurkcuoglu M, et al. A novel method for internal nasal valve reconstruction: H-graft technique. Laryngoscope. 2011;121:480-6 pubmed publisher
  62. Nakata S, Noda A, Yasuma F, Morinaga M, Sugiura M, Katayama N, et al. Effects of nasal surgery on sleep quality in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome with nasal obstruction. Am J Rhinol. 2008;22:59-63 pubmed publisher
    ..A prospective study was performed in OSAS patients who underwent isolated nasal surgery in a tertiary referral center...
  63. Tan B, Lane A. Endoscopic sinus surgery in the management of nasal obstruction. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2009;42:227-40, vii pubmed publisher
    b>Nasal obstruction is the leading symptom observed among patients who have chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with or without nasal polyposis...
  64. Klimek L. Potential of levocetirizine in the relief of nasal congestion. Int J Clin Pract. 2005;59:721-9 pubmed
    ..Comparisons with placebo and with other antihistamines have been presented in order to help general medical practitioners differentiate between the properties of the various available antihistamines...
  65. Monini S, Malagola C, Villa M, Tripodi C, Tarentini S, Malagnino I, et al. Rapid maxillary expansion for the treatment of nasal obstruction in children younger than 12 years. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009;135:22-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Since RME has been reported to positively influence nasal obstruction in subjects with respiratory problems by reducing nasal resistance, a similar efficacy of RME could be ..
  66. Stull D, Roberts L, Frank L, Heithoff K. Relationship of nasal congestion with sleep, mood, and productivity. Curr Med Res Opin. 2007;23:811-9 pubmed
    ..To explore the impact of nasal congestion alone relative to a full set of allergic rhinitis (AR) symptoms on sleep, fatigue, daytime somnolence, and work and school productivity in a 15-day prospective, naturalistic study...
  67. Kiroglu A, Cankaya H, Yuca K, Kara T, Kiris M. Isolated turbinitis and pneumatization of the concha inferior in a child. Am J Otolaryngol. 2007;28:67-8 pubmed
    ..inferior concha bullosa is generally asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally by computed tomography, nasal obstruction, headache, and epiphora are some of the possible symptoms...
  68. Caffier P, Frieler K, Scherer H, Sedlmaier B, Göktas O. Rhinitis medicamentosa: therapeutic effect of diode laser inferior turbinate reduction on nasal obstruction and decongestant abuse. Am J Rhinol. 2008;22:433-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term outcomes of an outpatient-based diode laser inferior turbinate reduction (ITR) in therapy-refractory rhinitis medicamentosa (RM)...
  69. De S, Fenton J, Jones A, Clarke R. Passive smoking, allergic rhinitis and nasal obstruction in children. J Laryngol Otol. 2005;119:955-7 pubmed
    Allergic rhinitis is a common cause of nasal obstruction in childhood. This prospective study looked at the effect of passive smoking on nasal obstruction in children with and without allergic rhinitis. Eighty-one children took part...
  70. Rombaux P, Liistro G, Hamoir M, Bertrand B, Aubert G, Verses T, et al. Nasal obstruction and its impact on sleep-related breathing disorders. Rhinology. 2005;43:242-50 pubmed
    Upper airway patency is essential during sleep in order to avoid sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD). Nasal obstruction may have a negative impact on sleep quality and must be considered to be a co-factor in the pathophysiology of ..
  71. Boenisch M, Nolst Trenité G. Reconstructive septal surgery. Facial Plast Surg. 2006;22:249-54 pubmed
    ..The PDS as well as the suture material is completely resorbed within 5 months, excluding long-term complications of other artificial implants...
  72. Wittkopf M, Wittkopf J, Ries W. The diagnosis and treatment of nasal valve collapse. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;16:10-3 pubmed publisher
    ..A variety of methods have been described to strengthen the nasal valve region and prevent or treat nasal obstruction, such as batten grafts, spreader grafts, butterfly grafts, flare sutures, and suspension sutures...
  73. Kjaergaard T, Cvancarova M, Steinsvåg S. Does nasal obstruction mean that the nose is obstructed?. Laryngoscope. 2008;118:1476-81 pubmed publisher
    It is still a matter of controversy to what extent the sense of nasal obstruction is associated with objective measures for nasal space and airflow...