Summary: The small airways branching off the TERTIARY BRONCHI. Terminal bronchioles lead into several orders of respiratory bronchioles which in turn lead into alveolar ducts and then into PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
Paredi P, Kharitonov S, Meah S, Barnes P, Usmani O. A novel approach to partition central and peripheral airway nitric oxide. Chest. 2014;145:113-119 pubmed publisher
..The bronchial production of NO can be determined by measuring ?AUC-NO50-200, whereas AUC-NO200 measures its peripheral concentration. This approach is simple, quick, and does not require sophisticated equipment or mathematical models. ..
Li F, Surolia R, Li H, Wang Z, Liu G, Liu R, et al
. Low-dose cadmium exposure induces peribronchiolar fibrosis through site-specific phosphorylation of vimentin. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2017;313:L80-L91 pubmed publisher
Haney E, Wu B, Lee K, Hilchie A, Hancock R. Aggregation and Its Influence on the Immunomodulatory Activity of Synthetic Innate Defense Regulator Peptides. Cell Chem Biol. 2017;24:969-980.e4 pubmed publisher
..Indeed, some derivatives exhibited reduced aggregation while maintaining certain immunomodulatory functions, demonstrating that it is possible to engineer optimized synthetic HDPs to avoid unwanted peptide aggregation. ..
Nazif J, Taragin B, Azzarone G, Rinke M, Liewehr S, Choi J, et al
. Clinical Factors Associated With Chest Imaging Findings in Hospitalized Infants With Bronchiolitis. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2017;56:1054-1059 pubmed publisher
..Our findings support the limited role of radiography in the evaluation of hospitalized infants with bronchiolitis, especially patients without fever or hypoxia. ..
Pyziel A, Laskowski Z, Demiaszkiewicz A, Hoglund J. Interrelationships of Dictyocaulus spp. in Wild Ruminants with Morphological Description of Dictyocaulus cervi n. sp. (Nematoda: Trichostrongyloidea) from Red Deer, Cervus elaphus. J Parasitol. 2017;103:506-518 pubmed publisher
..In conclusion, our findings further strengthen the idea that the genetic complexity and diversity among Dictyocaulus lungworms infecting wildlife ruminants is larger than previously believed and warrants further investigation. ..
Kim J, Heise R, Reynolds A, Pidaparti R. Aging effects on airflow dynamics and lung function in human bronchioles. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0183654 pubmed publisher
..Human tracheobronchial (G1 ~ G9), bronchioles (G10 ~ G22) and alveolar sacs (G23) geometric models were developed based on reported anatomical dimensions for ..