arytenoid cartilage


Summary: One of a pair of small pyramidal cartilages that articulate with the lamina of the CRICOID CARTILAGE. The corresponding VOCAL LIGAMENT and several muscles are attached to it.

Top Publications

  1. Rubin A, Hawkshaw M, Moyer C, Dean C, Sataloff R. Arytenoid cartilage dislocation: a 20-year experience. J Voice. 2005;19:687-701 pubmed
    b>Arytenoid cartilage dislocation is an infrequently diagnosed cause of vocal fold immobility. Seventy-four cases have been reported in the literature to date. Intubation is the most common origin, followed by external laryngeal trauma...
  2. Mikuni I, Suzuki A, Takahata O, Fujita S, Otomo S, Iwasaki H. Arytenoid cartilage dislocation caused by a double-lumen endobronchial tube. Br J Anaesth. 2006;96:136-8 pubmed
    ..the third day after the operation, fibreoptic laryngoscopy revealed posterolateral dislocation of the left arytenoid cartilage. By the sixth day of the operation, a slight improvement was observed in the hoarseness without treatment ..
  3. Yamanaka H, Hayashi Y, Watanabe Y, Uematu H, Mashimo T. Prolonged hoarseness and arytenoid cartilage dislocation after tracheal intubation. Br J Anaesth. 2009;103:452-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was designed to examine the duration of hoarseness after tracheal intubation and to identify risk factors that may increase the duration of hoarseness...
  4. Kanotra S, Kanotra S, Paul J, Jamwal P. Chondrosarcoma of the arytenoid cartilage. Ear Nose Throat J. 2010;89:E6-E10 pubmed
    ..two most common sites of origin are the cricoid cartilage (69% of cases) and the thyroid cartilage (9%); arytenoid cartilage origin has been seen in less than 3% of cases...
  5. Wang L, Konishi T, Niimi S. [Effect of arytenoid adduction operation for vocal function of laryngeal palsy patients]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2001;15:68-70 pubmed
    ..From these results mentioned above, it can be concluded that the arytenoid adduction operation might be one of the most effective operative methods to improve glottal incompetence caused by laryngeal nerve paralysis. ..
  6. Barakzai S, Dixon P. Correlation of resting and exercising endoscopic findings for horses with dynamic laryngeal collapse and palatal dysfunction. Equine Vet J. 2011;43:18-23 pubmed publisher
  7. Ichikawa J, Kodaka M, Nishiyama K, Kawamata M, Komori M, Ozaki M. [Prolonged hoarseness and arytenoid dislocation after endotracheal intubation]. Masui. 2010;59:1490-3 pubmed
    ..performed by an otorhinolaryngologist revealed dyskinesia of the left vocal cord and sufficient arytenoid cartilage mobility...
  8. George R, McKeen D, Law J. Laryngoscopic evaluation with the Airway Cam. Can J Anaesth. 2006;53:512-5 pubmed
    ..73). This study validates that the view recorded by the Airway Cam reflects the view of the laryngoscopist. The Airway Cam may introduce an additional level of objectivity into airway management research and teaching. ..
  9. Young V, Rosen C. Arytenoid and posterior vocal fold surgery for bilateral vocal fold immobility. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011;19:422-7 pubmed publisher
    ..There is need for rigorous prospective clinical studies to address these many issues further. ..

More Information

Publications109 found, 100 shown here

  1. Desai N, Rao A, Palaniswami P, Thyagarajan D, Palaniswami M. Arytenoid cartilage feature point detection using laryngeal 3D CT images in Parkinson's disease. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2017;2017:1820-1823 pubmed publisher
    ..arytenoid cartilages from CT images, in this work, a rule-based approach is proposed to detect the arytenoid cartilage feature points on either side of the airway...
  2. Guthrie A, Chai R. Transoral robotic surgery for the treatment of laryngeal chondrosarcoma: A case report. Am J Otolaryngol. 2018;39:352-354 pubmed publisher
    ..Sunnyvale, CA, USA). The vocal folds, ventricular mucosa, and arytenoid cartilage were grossly preserved...
  3. Rieger A, Hass I, Gross M, Gramm H, Eyrich K. [Intubation trauma of the larynx--a literature review with special reference to arytenoid cartilage dislocation]. Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther. 1996;31:281-7 pubmed
    ..Subluxation and luxation of the arytenoid cartilage may occur during difficult but also following uncomplicated intubation...
  4. Sonninen A, Hurme P, Laukkanen A. The external frame function in the control of pitch, register, and singing mode: radiographic observations of a female singer. J Voice. 1999;13:319-40 pubmed
    ..Open and covered modes of singing seemed to be distinguishable on the basis of different amounts of inner and outer forces acting on the larynx. Therefore, caution must be exercised when generalizing from the results. ..
  5. Barnes A, Slone D, Lynch T. Performance after partial arytenoidectomy without mucosal closure in 27 Thoroughbred racehorses. Vet Surg. 2004;33:398-403 pubmed
    ..This technique may be a practical alternative to primary mucosal closure, would decrease surgical time, and avoid some problems reported with primary mucosal closure. ..
  6. Motta S, Moscillo L, Imperiali M, Motta G. CO2 laser treatment of bilateral vocal cord paralysis in adduction. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2003;65:359-65 pubmed
    ..The results show that removal of the posterior third of the true vocal cord and false vocal cord, combined with arytenoidectomy, is the surgical treatment of choice to resolve respiratory insufficiency in these patients. ..
  7. Garrett K, Pierce S, Embertson R, Stromberg A. Endoscopic evaluation of arytenoid function and epiglottic structure in Thoroughbred yearlings and association with racing performance at two to four years of age: 2,954 cases (1998-2001). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2010;236:669-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Yearlings with grade II.2 AF, an ES grade > II, or a short epiglottis typically had decreases in racing performance. These factors should be evaluated carefully when developing purchase recommendations. ..
  8. Kolman J, Morris I. Cricoarytenoid arthritis: a cause of acute upper airway obstruction in rheumatoid arthritis. Can J Anaesth. 2002;49:729-32 pubmed
    ..A thorough history and physical examination are necessary to recognize signs and symptoms of cricoarytenoid arthritis. Prompt recognition of airway obstruction due to cricoarytenoid arthritis is essential for appropriate management. ..
  9. Rossignol F, Perrin R, Desbrosse F, Elie C. In vitro comparison of two techniques for suture prosthesis placement in the muscular process of the equine arytenoid cartilage. Vet Surg. 2006;35:49-54 pubmed
    To compare in vitro the load necessary for a partial and complete rupture of the muscular process arytenoid cartilage when a suture prosthesis is positioned by a bone trocar versus a trocar point needle and to compare failure mode...
  10. Woodson G, Weiss T. Arytenoid abduction for dynamic rehabilitation of bilateral laryngeal paralysis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2007;116:483-90 pubmed
    ..Motion analysis in cadaver larynges has demonstrated that adductor and abductor muscles rotate the arytenoid cartilage around different axes...
  11. Thakar A, Bahadur S, Toran K, Mohanti B, Julka P. Analysis of oncological and functional failures following near-total laryngectomy. J Laryngol Otol. 2009;123:327-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Tumour extension to the subglottis may compromise functional outcome. Near-total laryngectomy should be avoided in cases with ipsilateral arytenoid involvement, and undertaken with caution in cases with subglottic extension. ..
  12. Scott A, Kudak B, Skinner S, Sidman J. Use of intraoperative laryngeal electromyography to evaluate stridor in children with arthrogryposis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2011;120:150-4 pubmed
  13. Topaloglu I, Köprücü G, Bal M. Analysis of swallowing function after supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidopexy. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012;146:412-8 pubmed publisher
    ..the swallowing function after supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidopexy, focusing on the effects of arytenoid cartilage resection and radiation therapy. Case series with chart review. Tertiary medical center...
  14. O Donnell S, Murphy J, Bew S, Knight L. Aryepiglottoplasty for laryngomalacia: results and recommendations following a case series of 84. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2007;71:1271-5 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, they should expect improvement of their stridor with a single procedure (90%). Aryepiglottoplasty at an experienced unit is a low-risk procedure with a high success rate. ..
  15. Nelson J, Woodson G. Airway obstruction due to unilateral vocal fold paralysis. Laryngoscope. 2013;123:969-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Treatment of airway obstruction should address the underlying pathophysiology. AAb and RLN transection with ansa reinnervation can be effective in selected patients. ..
  16. Izquierdo Luzón J, Campos Catalá A, Armengot Carceller M, Basterra Alegría J. [Subtotal arytenoidectomy and posterior cordectomy with CO2 laser in the treatment of bilateral larynx immobility in adduction]. An Otorrinolaringol Ibero Am. 2001;28:341-9 pubmed
    ..Presurgical assessment, surgical procedure, the causative etiology and end results are contemplated. Comparison with other procedures. ..
  17. Schweinfurth J. Interarytenoid mucosal bridges complicating endotracheal intubation. Ear Nose Throat J. 2003;82:670-1 pubmed
  18. Hardie R, Gunby J, Bjorling D. Arytenoid lateralization for treatment of laryngeal paralysis in 10 cats. Vet Surg. 2009;38:445-51 pubmed publisher
  19. Li A, Johns M, Jackson Menaldi C, Dailey S, Heman Ackah Y, Merati A, et al. Glottic closure patterns: type I thyroplasty versus type I thyroplasty with arytenoid adduction. J Voice. 2011;25:259-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Ultimately, voice improvement and not geometry should guide the surgeon's decision making. ..
  20. Stow N, Lee J, Cole I. Novel approach of medialization thyroplasty with arytenoid adduction performed under general anesthesia with a laryngeal mask. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012;146:266-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Longer follow-up data are required to further quantify the voice outcomes after this procedure. ..
  21. Schroeder U, Motzko M, Wittekindt C, Eckel H. Hoarseness after laryngeal blunt trauma: a differential diagnosis between an injury to the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve and an arytenoid subluxation. A case report and literature review. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2003;260:304-7 pubmed
    ..Although the clinical findings are familiar sequelae of thyroid surgery, they may be misdiagnosed as arytenoid subluxation after laryngeal blunt trauma. Stroboscopy and electromyography permitted the correct diagnosis. ..
  22. Moret García A, Fabregat López J. [Ventilation and airway seal failure with a ProSeal laryngeal mask secondary to arytenoid edema caused by a nasogastric tube]. Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim. 2006;53:197-8 pubmed
  23. Greenberg M, Bureau S, Monnet E. Effects of suture tension during unilateral cricoarytenoid lateralization on canine laryngeal resistance in vitro. Vet Surg. 2007;36:526-32 pubmed
  24. Pfeiffer J, Laszig R, Maier W. [Intraluminal surgical procedures for glottic enlargement in bilateral vocal fold paralysis in adduction]. Chirurg. 2011;82:116, 118-24 pubmed publisher
  25. Hoffman M, Surender K, Chapin W, Witt R, McCulloch T, Jiang J. Optimal arytenoid adduction based on quantitative real-time voice analysis. Laryngoscope. 2011;121:339-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Testing this method in patients and determining if optimal vocal outcomes are associated with optimal respiratory and swallowing outcomes will be essential to establishing clinical viability. ..
  26. Xu W, Han D, Hu R, Bai Y, Zhang L. Characteristics of vocal fold immobility following endotracheal intubation. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2012;121:689-94 pubmed
    ..the clinical and laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) characteristics and the outcome of closed reduction of arytenoid cartilage dislocation in patients with vocal fold immobility (VFI) following endotracheal intubation...
  27. Saigusa H, Nonaka Y, Ikezono T, Aino I, Iwasaki C, Nakamura T, et al. [Spontaneous dislocation of the arytenoid cartilage]. Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho. 2005;108:164-7 pubmed
    Dislocation of the arytenoid cartilage occurs following medical instrumentation involving the laryngeal cavity or laryngeal injury from outside the larynx...
  28. Miyanohara T, Igarashi T, Suzuki H, Hirabayashi Y, Seo N. Aggravation of laryngeal rheumatoid arthritis after use of a laryngeal mask airway. J Clin Rheumatol. 2006;12:142-4 pubmed
    ..For patients with RA referred for surgery, a careful search for cricoarytenoid arthritis is essential, particularly in those with laryngeal stridor, because it may be aggravated after general anesthesia. ..
  29. Rizzotto G, Succo G, Lucioni M, Pazzaia T. Subtotal laryngectomy with tracheohyoidopexy: a possible alternative to total laryngectomy. Laryngoscope. 2006;116:1907-17 pubmed
    ..Functional results are similar to those obtained with SSL; it is mandatory to maintain one functioning cricoarytenoid unit and a wide pyriform sinus. ..
  30. Muraro L, Aprea F, White R. Successful management of an arytenoid chondrosarcoma in a dog. J Small Anim Pract. 2013;54:33-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Histological examination of pinch biopsies was not diagnostic. The mass was removed by resection of the arytenoid cartilage through a ventral laryngotomy allowing salvage of the cuneiform process...
  31. Olive M, Mora A, Cortes C, Ballvé M, Cabarrocas E. [A rare complication of endotracheal intubation: posterior luxation of the left arytenoid cartilage]. Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim. 1991;38:118-20 pubmed
    The luxation of the arytenoid cartilage is a very uncommon complication of endotracheal intubation. Symptoms usually are aphonia, dysphonia, pain or discomfort in the throat, odynophagia and laryngeal stridor...
  32. Schofield D, Norris J, Sadanaga K. Bilateral thyroarytenoid cartilage lateralization and vocal fold excision with mucosoplasty for treatment of idiopathic laryngeal paralysis: 67 dogs (1998-2005). Vet Surg. 2007;36:519-25 pubmed
    ..Consequently, unilateral arytenoid lateralization currently represents the accepted approach to the treatment of laryngeal paralysis. ..
  33. De Lorenzi D, Mantovani C, Tripaldi F, Ferasin H. Redundant arytenoid mucosa: clinical presentation, treatment and outcome in three cats. J Small Anim Pract. 2016;57:40-3 pubmed publisher
    ..According to our results, diode laser surgery in association with temporary tracheostomy appears an appropriate mode of therapy. ..
  34. Barnett T, O Leary J, Parkin T, Dixon P, Barakzai S. Long-term maintenance of arytenoid cartilage abduction and stability during exercise after laryngoplasty in 33 horses. Vet Surg. 2013;42:291-5 pubmed publisher
    To (1) assess long-term maintenance of arytenoid cartilage abduction (ACA) after laryngoplasty (LP); and (2) correlate the residual grade of ACA and postoperative abductory loss with arytenoid cartilage stability (ACS) during exercise...
  35. Hong K, Jung K. Arytenoid appearance and vertical level difference between the paralyzed and innervated vocal cords. Laryngoscope. 2001;111:227-32 pubmed
    ..The fact that the paralyzed vocal fold is at a higher level than the normal vocal fold should be reconsidered. ..
  36. Takahashi N, Okamoto K, Sakai K. [Three-dimensional reconstructions with volume-rendering method of the arytenoid and cricoid cartilages by means of multidetector row CT]. Nihon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai Zasshi. 2001;61:310-1 pubmed
    ..6% and 53.4%, respectively. VR 3-D laryngeal images were more useful in assessing anatomy than the surface-rendering images previously reported. ..
  37. Ishida H, Yoshida T, Iwae S, Amatsu M. Immunohistochemical study on distribution of mast cell phenotypes in human laryngeal mucosa: evidence for laryngeal type I allergy. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2005;114:139-43 pubmed
    ..We conclude that the human laryngeal mucosa has the potential to induce type I allergic reaction. ..
  38. Gwin C, Robinson M. Para-arytenoid cartilage pseudodiverticulum formation as a sequela of endotracheal intubation. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2007;131:1378-81 pubmed
    ..We add para-arytenoid pseudodiverticulum formation to the list of possible complications of endotracheal intubation. ..
  39. Boemo R, Navarrete M, Genestar E, González M, Fuentes J, Fortuny P. Interarytenoid osseous bridge after prolonged endotracheal intubation. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp. 2012;63:480-1 pubmed publisher
    ..Laser surgery excision of the lesion was performed with good results. According to our review of the literature, this corresponds to the second case reported. ..
  40. Dhonneur G, Abdi W, Amathieu R, Ndoko S, Tual L. Optimising tracheal intubation success rate using the Airtraq laryngoscope. Anaesthesia. 2009;64:315-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We also demonstrated that repositioning of the Airtraq laryngoscope following a failed tracheal intubation attempt required the performance of a standard series of manoeuvres. ..
  41. Ming W, Qu J, Hua Q. [CO2 laser tenotomy and vocal process resection for treatment of bilateral vocal cord paralysis]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2009;23:686-7 pubmed
    ..The approach of CO2 laser tenotomy and vocal process resection can effectively relieve breathing difficulty resulted from bilateral vocal cord paralysis, achieve satisfactory voice and avoid aspiration. ..
  42. Demizu Y, Fujii O, Nagano F, Terashima K, Jin D, Mima M, et al. Unexpected radiation laryngeal necrosis after carbon ion therapy using conventional dose fractionation for laryngeal cancer. Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2015;45:1076-81 pubmed publisher
    ..months after the therapy, the airway stenosis was severe and computed tomography showed lack of the left arytenoid cartilage and exacerbation of laryngeal necrosis...
  43. Han Y, Wang J, Fischman D, Biller H, Sanders I. Slow tonic muscle fibers in the thyroarytenoid muscles of human vocal folds; a possible specialization for speech. Anat Rec. 1999;256:146-57 pubmed
    ..At present, the evidence suggests that STF are not presented in the vocal folds of other mammals (including other primates), therefore STF may be a unique human specialization for speech...
  44. Blikslager A, Tate L, Tudor R. Transendoscopic laser treatment of rostral displacement of the palatopharyngeal arch in four horses. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 1999;17:49-52 pubmed
    ..To document the use and clinical outcome of transendoscopic laser techniques for treatment of rostral displacement of the palatopharyngeal arch (RDPA) in horses...
  45. Sambataro G, Buscemi S. [Arytenoid subluxation. Experience with a new voice therapy]. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2001;21:163-70 pubmed
    ..The excellent results are explained asserting that particular movement of the larynx can achieve a reduction in subluxation by rearranging the articulatory surface...
  46. Xu J, Qi Q, Dong W, Huang Z. [Acoustic analysis in patients with trauma to unilateral cricoarytenoid joint by computer technique]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2001;15:536-8 pubmed
    ..To investigate the acoustic characteristics of unilateral cricoarytenoid joint trauma and evaluate the effect of acoustic analysis technique on the diagnosis and treatment of this disease...
  47. Wang Z, Xia L, Wang C. [Utility of spiral computed tomography in the study of dislocation of cricoarytenoid joint]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2002;37:223-5 pubmed
    ..To demonstrate the cricoarytenoid relationship presented with spiral computed tomography and to show that the reconstraction of arytenoid dislocation can be presented by using multiplanar reconstruction algorithms...
  48. Liu B, Pan Z, Ji W, Wang J. [Study of reserving unilateral arytenoid cartilage to improve voice quality in supracricoid partial laryngectomy with anastomosis of cricoid cartilage, base of tongue and epiglottis]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2005;19:961-3 pubmed
    To study the surgical technique of reserving unilateral arytenoid cartilage and the effects on improving voice quality in supracricoid partial laryngectomy with anastomosis of cricoid cartilage,base of tongue and epiglottis.
  49. Stager S, Bielamowicz S. Evidence of return of function in patients with vocal fold paresis. J Voice. 2010;24:614-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Differences across measures in the percentage of individuals demonstrating each level of function and the lack of agreement of function level between measures within individuals suggest the need to use multiple outcome measures...
  50. Desuter G, Duprez T, Huart C, Gardiner Q, Verbruggen G. The use of adalimumab for cricoarytenoid arthritis in ankylosing spondylitis--an effective therapy. Laryngoscope. 2011;121:335-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This case represents a landmark in the treatment of patients presenting with destructive arthritis involving the cricoarytenoid joint...
  51. Tomifuji M, Araki K, Yamashita T, Mizokami D, Kamide D, Suzuki H, et al. Risk factors for dysphagia after transoral videolaryngoscopic surgery for laryngeal and pharyngeal cancer. Head Neck. 2016;38:196-201 pubmed publisher
    ..0223) were associated with postoperative dysphagia. Although the rate of PEG dependency is low in transoral surgery, surgeons should mention the risk of postoperative dysphagia when counseling patients preoperatively. ..
  52. Al Fattah H, Hamza A, Gaafar A, Tantawy A. Partial laser arytenoidectomy in the management of bilateral vocal fold immobility. A modification based on functional anatomical study of the cricoarytenoid joint. Saudi Med J. 2005;26:1539-45 pubmed
    ..To establish the anatomical relationships of the arytenoid and cricoid cartilages and apply these findings to design an arytenoidectomy based on a sound anatomical basis...
  53. Lane J, Bladon B, Little D, Naylor J, Franklin S. Dynamic obstructions of the equine upper respiratory tract. Part 1: observations during high-speed treadmill endoscopy of 600 Thoroughbred racehorses. Equine Vet J. 2006;38:393-9 pubmed
    ..To review the prevalence of single and complex forms of dynamic airway obstructions within a large group of Thoroughbred horses in training referred for investigation of poor performance...
  54. Huang Y, Zheng H, Zhou S, Chen J, Li Z, Xia S, et al. [Glottic measurement and vocal evaluation after three surgical techniques in the treatment of bilateral vocal cord paralysis]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2006;41:648-52 pubmed
  55. Witte T, Mohammed H, Radcliffe C, Hackett R, Ducharme N. Racing performance after combined prosthetic laryngoplasty and ipsilateral ventriculocordectomy or partial arytenoidectomy: 135 Thoroughbred racehorses competing at less than 2400 m (1997-2007). Equine Vet J. 2009;41:70-5 pubmed
    ..The success of combined prosthetic laryngoplasty with ipsilateral ventriculocordectomy (LPVC) has not been compared to that of partial arytenoidectomy (PA) in a clinical population...
  56. Ikeda R, Chiba T, Gorai S, Kobayashi T. Upper airway obstruction by epiglottis and arytenoids hematoma in a patient treated with warfarin sodium. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2010;37:114-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The left true vocal cord was erythematous, but the airway was adequately maintained. The PT-INR of the patient was 10. She was managed conservatively and had a good course. ..
  57. Orsini P, Raker C, Reid C, Mann P. Xeroradiographic evaluation of the equine larynx. Am J Vet Res. 1989;50:845-9 pubmed use of endoscopy had radiographic changes that included: enlargement with increased density of the arytenoid cartilage region, abnormal patterns of mineralization (dystrophic mineralization or osseous metaplasia), abnormal ..
  58. Becker M. Neoplastic invasion of laryngeal cartilage: radiologic diagnosis and therapeutic implications. Eur J Radiol. 2000;33:216-29 pubmed
    ..False positive results are inevitable with both CT and MRI because reactive inflammation may lead to overestimation of neoplastic cartilage invasion...
  59. Huang D, Zhao H, Liu L, Feng B, Wu W, Wang J, et al. [New surgical method for contact granuloma of larynx]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2009;44:746-8 pubmed
    ..For the purpose of improving the surgical effect of contact granuloma of larynx, a new surgical method was used and its effect observed...
  60. Harris S, Gupta R, Hawkshaw M, Sataloff R. Vocal process avulsion. J Voice. 2011;25:638-45 pubmed publisher a rare condition in which laryngeal trauma causes a separation of the vocal process from the body of the arytenoid cartilage. Typically symptoms are dysphonia and shortness of breath during phonation...
  61. Friedrich G, Gugatschka M, Kiesler K, Pertl L, Gerstenberger C, Weiglein A, et al. A transthyroidal method for arytenoid adduction: a basic anatomical study. J Voice. 2012;26:526-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Aim of this study was to provide basic anatomical data regarding the accessibility of the arytenoid cartilage through a thyroplasty window...
  62. Probst K, Schön Ybarra M, Kashima H, Crosby R. Topography and interactions of the arytenoid and cricoid articular facets: implications for vocal process positional shifts. Clin Anat. 2004;17:206-13 pubmed
  63. Fischer D, Bärmann M, Stasche N. [Extramedullary manifestation of plasmocytoma in ENT]. Laryngorhinootologie. 2007;86:48-50 pubmed
    ..We report about two patients with extramedullary plasmocytoma, one of them with an extremely rare triple manifestation in the upper airway...
  64. Klein A, Stong B, Wise J, DelGaudio J, Hapner E, Johns M. Vocal outcome measures after bilateral posterior cricoarytenoid muscle botulinum toxin injections for abductor spasmodic dysphonia. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;139:421-3 pubmed publisher
    ..To review vocal outcome measures, using the Voice Related Quality of Life (VRQOL) index, after simultaneous bilateral posterior cricoarytenoid muscle botulinum toxin injections...
  65. Seino Y, Nakayama M, Okamoto M, Hayashi S. Three-dimensional computed tomography analysis of neoglottis after supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy. J Laryngol Otol. 2012;126:385-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy is an organ-preserving procedure used to treat laryngeal cancer. However, the post-operative neoglottis tends to be variable in form and difficult to predict...
  66. Park J, Joo Y, Cho K, Kim N, Kim M. Functional and oncologic results of extended supracricoid partial laryngectomy. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011;137:1124-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate functional and oncologic results in patients who underwent unilateral arytenoidectomy during supracricoid partial laryngectomy...
  67. Ptok M, Averbeck T, Luerssen K. [A violent gagging response to small cysts on the arytenoid cartilage]. HNO. 2004;52:538-40 pubmed
  68. Liu B, Pan Z, Ji W. [Reconstruction of laryngeal defect in vertical partial laryngectomy with resection of arytenoid cartilage]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2005;40:52-5 pubmed
    To discuss the method to reconstruct laryngeal defect after vertical partial laryngectomy with resection of arytenoid cartilage.
  69. Koufman J, Rees C, Halum S, Blalock D. Treatment of adductor-type spasmodic dysphonia by surgical myectomy: a preliminary report. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2006;115:97-102 pubmed
    ..A promising new surgical procedure is herein reported...
  70. Weinstein J, Weisman D. Intraoperative evaluation of the larynx following unilateral arytenoid lateralization for acquired idiopathic laryngeal paralysis in dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2010;46:241-8 pubmed
    ..a modified surgical technique in which intraoperative extubation was performed to evaluate abduction of the arytenoid cartilage prior to tying the suture and to assess outcome and complication rates associated with this procedure...
  71. Hassan M, Yumoto E, Baraka M, Sanuki T, Kodama N. Arytenoid rotation and nerve-muscle pedicle transfer in paralytic dysphonia. Laryngoscope. 2011;121:1018-22 pubmed publisher
    ..The patterns of voice outcome assessed using phonatory function tests and auditory perceptual judgments were followed-up for 2 years...
  72. Zhu X, Zhong R. [Endoscopic extralaryngeal approach subtotal arytenoidectomy in the treatment of bilateral vocal cord paralysis]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2004;18:473-4 pubmed
    ..To evaluate endoscopic extralaryngeal approach subtotal arytenoidectomy for the treatment of bilateral vocal cord paralysis...
  73. Butler S, Postma G, Halum S. Dysphagia following anterior cervical fusion. Ear Nose Throat J. 2005;84:208 pubmed
  74. Sun D, Kim B, Jung S, Ahn K, Kim M. The CT evaluation of neoarytenoid soft tissue after an arytenoidectomy during a supracricoid partial laryngectomy. Korean J Radiol. 2009;10:8-11 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the postoperative laryngeal CT findings of neoarytenoid soft tissue at an arytenoidectomy site during a supracricoid partial laryngectomy, and to compare its thickness to the mucosa over the spared arytenoid cartilage.
  75. Riffat F, Palme C, Veivers D. Endoscopic treatment of glottic stenosis: a report on the safety and efficacy of CO2 laser. J Laryngol Otol. 2012;126:503-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Glottic airway patency can be compromised by bilateral vocal fold palsy, anterior webbing or a posterior segment scar, which may be significant enough to impair arytenoid movement...
  76. Topaloglu I, Kocak I, Saltürk Z. Multidimensional evaluation of vocal function after supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidopexy. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2012;121:407-12 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the vocal outcome and the impact of arytenoid resection on vocal function following supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidopexy...
  77. Wang Q, Xu S, Tu L, Liu Y, Zhang M. Anatomic continuity of longitudinal pharyngeal and esophageal muscles. Laryngoscope. 2007;117:282-7 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the superior attachments of the longitudinal esophageal muscle...
  78. Storck C, Juergens P, Fischer C, Wolfensberger M, Honegger F, Sorantin E, et al. Biomechanics of the cricoarytenoid joint: three-dimensional imaging and vector analysis. J Voice. 2011;25:406-10 pubmed publisher
    ..exact position of the arytenoid cartilages within the larynx at different phases of their movement; and (2) to demonstrate that it is possible to analyze the arytenoid cartilage movements mathematically with the help of vector analysis.
  79. Habe K, Kawasaki T, Horishita T, Sata T. [Airway problem during the operation with beach-chair position: a case of arytenoid dislocation and the relationship between intra-cuff pressure of endotrachial tube and the neck position]. Masui. 2011;60:682-5 pubmed
    ..Therefore, we conclude that it is necessary to pay attention to neck position to avoid postoperative complications of the airway in the patients who have the operation in beach-chair position...
  80. Konomi U, Tokashiki R, Hiramatsu H, Motohashi R, Sakurai E, Toyomura F, et al. Features of Vocal Fold Adductor Paralysis and the Management of Posterior Muscle in Thyroplasty. J Voice. 2016;30:234-41 pubmed publisher
    ..type of partial recurrent nerve paresis retains the abductive function and is difficult to distinguish from arytenoid cartilage dislocation because of their similar endoscopic findings...
  81. Radlinsky M, Mason D, Hodgson D. Transnasal laryngoscopy for the diagnosis of laryngeal paralysis in dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2004;40:211-5 pubmed
    ..Transnasal laryngoscopy provided a means for diagnosing laryngeal paralysis in dogs without general anesthesia...
  82. Barakzai S, Es C, Milne E, Dixon P. Ventroaxial luxation of the apex of the corniculate process of the arytenoid cartilage in resting horses during induced swallowing or nasal occlusion. Vet Surg. 2007;36:210-3 pubmed
    To report ventroaxial luxation of the apex of the left or right corniculate process of the arytenoid cartilage under the contralateral corniculate process during resting endoscopic examination, and morphologic features of the larynx of 1 ..
  83. Yuce I, Cagli S, Bayram A, Karasu F, Sati I, Guney E. The effect of arytenoid resection on functional results of cricohyoidopexy. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009;141:272-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of arytenoid resection on voice and swallowing function in patients who undergo supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidopexy...
  84. Husseini S, Ashkar J, Halawi A, Sibai A, Hamdan A. Arytenoid asymmetry in relation to posture, neck tension and glottal attack in singers. Folia Phoniatr Logop. 2011;63:264-8 pubmed publisher
    ..To look at the incidence of arytenoid asymmetry in a group of healthy singers and to investigate whether the asymmetry correlates with posture, neck tension and glottal attack...
  85. Okamoto I, Tokashiki R, Hiramatsu H, Motohashi R, Suzuki M. Detection of passive movement of the arytenoid cartilage in unilateral vocal-fold paralysis by laryngoscopic observation: useful diagnostic findings. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2012;269:565-70 pubmed publisher
    ..UVFP), three-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT) revealed passive movement during phonation, with the arytenoid cartilage on the paralyzed side pushed to the unaffected side and deviated upwards...
  86. Inagi K, Connor N, Suzuki T, Bless D, Kamijo T. Visual observations of glottal configuration and vocal outcomes in arytenoid adduction. Am J Otolaryngol. 2003;24:290-6 pubmed
    ..In contrast, acoustic and aerodynamic measures were related to digitized glottal measures and may be developed into a useful method of intraoperative monitoring...
  87. Jackson A, Tobias K, Long C, Bartges J, Harvey R. Effects of various anesthetic agents on laryngeal motion during laryngoscopy in normal dogs. Vet Surg. 2004;33:102-6 pubmed
    To evaluate the effects of various drugs and drug combinations conventionally used for anesthesia on arytenoid cartilage motion during laryngoscopy in normal dogs.
  88. Shiber J. Images in clinical medicine. Angioedema of the arytenoids. N Engl J Med. 2005;353:e15 pubmed
  89. Scherzer S, Hainisch E. Evaluation of a canine cranial cruciate ligament repair system for use in equine laryngoplasty. Vet Surg. 2005;34:548-53 pubmed
    ..To report the use of a nylon suture system (Canine Cranial Cruciate Ligament Repair System; Securos Inc Veterinary Orthopedics) as a prosthesis for equine laryngoplasty...
  90. Cheetham J, Radcliffe C, Ducharme N, Sanders I, Mu L, Hermanson J. Neuroanatomy of the equine dorsal cricoarytenoid muscle: surgical implications. Equine Vet J. 2008;40:70-5 pubmed
    ..Studies are required to define more accurately and completely the neuroanatomy of the equine dorsal cricoarytenoid muscle as a prerequisite for developing a neuroprosthesis for recurrent laryngeal neuropathy...
  91. Ishikawa M, Abiko H, Takasaki S, Konta T, Kubota I. [Rheumatoid arthritis with cricoarytenoiditis]. Nihon Naika Gakkai Zasshi. 2007;96:2789-91 pubmed
  92. Sittel C. [Paediatric laryngotracheal stenosis]. Laryngorhinootologie. 2012;91:478-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Subglottic stenosis in children requires expertise and experience in diagnosis and treatment. Considering the limited incidence these cases should be managed in a referral center...