laryngeal cartilages


Summary: The nine cartilages of the larynx, including the cricoid, thyroid and epiglottic, and two each of arytenoid, corniculate and cuneiform.

Top Publications

  1. Tayama N, Chan R, Kaga K, Titze I. Functional definitions of vocal fold geometry for laryngeal biomechanical modeling. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2002;111:83-92 pubmed
    ..The results showed that geometric changes of the vocal fold induced by freezing are likely reversed by thawing, such that the measurements made on thawed larynges are reliable approximations of the actual vocal fold dimensions. ..
  2. Chen X, Cai C, Ye Y. [Cricohyoidoepiglottopexy: a report of 21 cases]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2001;15:396-8 pubmed
    ..To assess the indications, function preserving and long term results of cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP) in the treatment of laryngeal carcinoma...
  3. Helling K, Loddenkemper C, Scherer H. [Therapeutic and histological features of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma]. HNO. 2003;51:993-7 pubmed
    ..It is usually only diagnosed at a very advanced stage due to its tendency towards submucosal growth, deep infiltration and early local and distant metastases...
  4. Nishiyama Y, Yamamoto Y, Yokoe K, Miyabe K, Iwasaki T, Toyama Y, et al. Superimposed dual-isotope SPECT using 99mTc-hydroxymethylene diphosphonate and 201Tl-chloride to assess cartilage invasion in laryngohypopharyngeal cancer. Ann Nucl Med. 2004;18:527-32 pubmed
    ..We examined invasion of cartilage in laryngohypopharyngeal cancer by simultaneous bone and tumor dual-isotope SPECT using 99mTc-hydroxymethylene diphosphonate and 201Tl-chloride...
  5. Thoeny H, Delaere P, Hermans R. Correlation of local outcome after partial laryngectomy with cartilage abnormalities on CT. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005;26:674-8 pubmed
    ..The purpose is to determine whether cartilage abnormalities as seen on preoperative CT in laryngeal and pyriform sinus cancer are predictive of local outcome after partial laryngectomy...
  6. Weinstein G. Surgical approach to organ preservation in the treatment of cancer of the larynx. Oncology (Williston Park). 2001;15:785-96; discussion 798-803 pubmed
    ..The aim of this article is to present the options for organ-preservation surgery for laryngeal cancer. ..
  7. Curtin H. The "evil gray": cancer and cartilage. Radiology. 2008;249:410-2 pubmed publisher
  8. Tubbs R, Dixon J, Loukas M, Shoja M, Cohen Gadol A. Relationship between the internal laryngeal nerve and the triticeal cartilage: a potentially unrecognized compression site during anterior cervical spine and carotid endarterectomy operations. Neurosurgery. 2010;66:187-90; discussion 190 pubmed publisher
    ..Compression of the internal laryngeal nerve against the solid triticeal cartilage can cause laryngeal nerve palsy and increase the risk of resultant postoperative aspiration. ..
  9. Huang B, Solle M, Weissler M. Larynx: anatomic imaging for diagnosis and management. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2012;45:1325-61 pubmed publisher
    ..This article reviews the primary imaging modalities used for evaluation of, normal cross-sectional anatomy of, and radiologic features of common diseases of the larynx. ..

More Information

Publications101 found, 100 shown here

  1. Pollanen M. Subtle fatal manual neck compression. Med Sci Law. 2001;41:135-40 pubmed
    ..Although definitive criteria for cases with minimal findings are still lacking, several lesions have putative diagnostic value. ..
  2. Tayama N, Chan R, Kaga K, Titze I. Geometric characterization of the laryngeal cartilage framework for the purpose of biomechanical modeling. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2001;110:1154-61 pubmed
    ..The results are useful for constructing quantitative biomechanical models of vocal fold vibration and posturing (abduction and adduction), eg, continuum mechanical models and finite-element models of the vocal folds. ..
  3. Park J, Zhang J, Moro A, Kushida M, Wegner M, Kim P. Regulation of Sox9 by Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) is essential for patterning and formation of tracheal cartilage. Dev Dyn. 2010;239:514-26 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that Shh signalling is a critical determinant in tracheal cartilage development. ..
  4. Sun A, Chen W, Cui P, Luo J. [Fabrication of allogeneic cartilage with tissue engineering technique and repair of laryngeal cartilage defects in rabbits]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2001;36:278-80 pubmed
    ..Allogeneic tissue engineered cartilage can be used as reparative material to repair cartilage defect of rabbit larynx. ..
  5. Klotz D, Maronian N, Waugh P, Shahinfar A, Robinson L, Hillel A. Findings of multiple muscle involvement in a study of 214 patients with laryngeal dystonia using fine-wire electromyography. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2004;113:602-12 pubmed
  6. Kay D, Goldsmith A. Laryngomalacia: a classification system and surgical treatment strategy. Ear Nose Throat J. 2006;85:328-31, 336 pubmed
    ..While the three types are not mutually exclusive, each should be considered as a separate disease entity with a final common clinical presentation. Each type requires a specific approach to surgical repair. ..
  7. Schroeder J, Holinger L. Congenital laryngeal stenosis. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2008;41:865-75, viii pubmed publisher
    ..The authors discuss evaluation and assessment options to guide treatment. ..
  8. Fieguth A, Albrecht U, Bertolini J, Kleemann J. Intracartilaginous haemorrhagic lesions in strangulation?. Int J Legal Med. 2003;117:10-3 pubmed
  9. Wang S, Yang C, Li C, Lin X, Yang D, Chen E. [Window partial laryngectomy for the treatment of stage T2-3 glottic laryngeal carcinoma]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2008;43:519-23 pubmed
    ..This operation was effective for reducing surgical invasion and beneficial to resume respiratory and vocal function. ..
  10. Patel U, Howell L. Local response to chemoradiation in T4 larynx cancer with cartilage invasion. Laryngoscope. 2011;121:106-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Treatment choice between chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and total laryngectomy (TL) remains controversial for these patients...
  11. Chawla A, Eng S, Peh W. Clinics in diagnostic imaging (100). Migrated pharyngeal fish bone. Singapore Med J. 2004;45:397-402; quiz 403 pubmed
    ..The patient made a good recovery. As calcified normal structures, particularly the laryngeal cartilages, can mimic abnormal radio-opaque foreign bodies, it is important to be able to recognise the normal ..
  12. Seino Y, Nakayama M, Okamoto M, Yokobori S, Takeda M, Miyamoto S. Laryngeal chondritis induced by C3-4 osteophyte following supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy: report of two cases. J Laryngol Otol. 2008;122:745-9 pubmed publisher
    ..When encountering a patient with an excessive osteophyte formation at the level of C3-4, one needs to take extra precautions when undertaking laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy or with cricohyoidopexy. ..
  13. Li B, Bobinski M, Gandour Edwards R, Farwell D, Chen A. Overstaging of cartilage invasion by multidetector CT scan for laryngeal cancer and its potential effect on the use of organ preservation with chemoradiation. Br J Radiol. 2011;84:64-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of detecting neoplastic cartilage invasion in laryngeal cancer patients using fast-speed multidetector CT (MDCT)...
  14. Cotton R, O Connor D. Paediatric laryngotracheal reconstruction: 20 years' experience. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg. 1995;49:367-72 pubmed
    ..This preliminary look at twenty years' experience with paediatric airway reconstruction is an overview of the changes that have occurred in the etiology of airway stenosis and the surgical procedures used to correct it. ..
  15. Matyja G, Zietek E, Kawczyński M, Firlit K, Tarnowska C. [Objective assessment of the respiratory function of the larynx after fronto-lateral laryngectomy with epiglottoplasty and after supracricoid laryngectomy with CHP or CHEP]. Otolaryngol Pol. 2006;60:369-76 pubmed
  16. Vorik A, Unteregger F, Zwicky S, Schiwowa J, Potthast S, Storck C. Three-dimensional Imaging of High-resolution Computer Tomography of Singers' Larynges-A Pilot Study. J Voice. 2017;31:115.e17-115.e21 pubmed publisher
    ..MIMICS (Materialize Interactive Medical Image Control System, Materialize, Leuven, Belgium) for visualizing laryngeal cartilages and resonance space of living humans during singing based on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and ..
  17. Di Nunno N, Lombardo S, Costantinides F, Di Nunno C. Anomalies and alterations of the hyoid-larynx complex in forensic radiographic studies. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2004;25:14-9 pubmed
    ..This diagnosis is often difficult to establish owing to the considerable frequency of anatomic anomalies of the complex. ..
  18. Aghayev E, Jackowski C, Sonnenschein M, Thali M, Yen K, Dirnhofer R. Virtopsy hemorrhage of the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle by blunt force to the neck in postmortem multislice computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2006;27:25-9 pubmed
    ..Although more experience is required, we conclude that combined MRI and MSCT examination is a useful tool for documentation and examination of neck muscle hemorrhages in forensic cases. ..
  19. Pucher B, Grzegorowski M. [Surgical treatment of laryngomalacia in children]. Otolaryngol Pol. 2006;60:349-54 pubmed
    ..Endoscopic aryepiglottoplasty with use of microlaryngeal instruments is an effective and safe method of the treatment of severe form of laryngomalacia. It is better to perform this procedure in general anesthesia without intubation. ..
  20. Wolf M, Shapira Y, Talmi Y, Novikov I, Kronenberg J, Yellin A. Laryngotracheal anastomosis: primary and revised procedures. Laryngoscope. 2001;111:622-7 pubmed
    ..The clinical course of laryngotracheal anastomosis in primary and revised procedures was similar in our group of patients. The operation can be performed safely, with an expected high rate of success and acceptable morbidity. ..
  21. Markwell H, Mueller P. Ex Vivo Mechanical Evaluation of a Sternal ZipFix(®) Implant for Prosthetic Laryngoplasty in Horses. Vet Surg. 2016;45:450-5 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the properties of a ZipFix(®) (ZipFix) implant in equine laryngeal cartilages. Ex vivo biomechanical study. Equine arytenoid (n=36) and cricoid cartilages (n=18)...
  22. Chaturvedi A, Kane S. Laryngeal chondrometaplasia: a great mimic of chondrosarcoma. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2007;50:391-4 pubmed
    ..The tissue processed entirely, revealed features consistent with chondrometaplasia of larynx. The importance of distinguishing this lesion from cartilaginous tumors is emphasized. ..
  23. Cheetham J, Witte T, Rawlinson J, Soderholm L, Mohammed H, Ducharme N. Intra-articular stabilisation of the equine cricoarytenoid joint. Equine Vet J. 2008;40:584-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Augmentation of prosthetic laryngoplasty with this technique may reduce arytenoid abduction loss in the early post operative period. ..
  24. Załuski J, Okłota M, Janica J, Dopierała T, Niemcunowicz Janica A, Stepniewski W, et al. [Types and incidence of intravital reactions in cases of suicidal hanging]. Ann Acad Med Stetin. 2007;53 Suppl 2:80-4; discussion 84-5 pubmed
    ..Macroscopically revealed intravital reactions were fully confirmable by scanning electron microscopic examination. Furthermore, in cases with negative macroscopic image lesions of the common carotid arteries were detected. ..
  25. Ceyhan M, Nural M, Elmali M, Bayrak I. Idiopathic isolated laryngotracheobronchial cartilage calcification in a child. Clin Imaging. 2008;32:51-3 pubmed publisher
    ..It can occur idiopathically as well. Laryngotracheobronchial cartilage calcification is demonstrated in this report by chest radiography and multiplanar three-dimensional CT examination in a 2.5-year-old boy with nonspecific cough. ..
  26. Chen T, Chodara A, Sprecher A, Fang F, Song W, Tao C, et al. A new method of reconstructing the human laryngeal architecture using micro-MRI. J Voice. 2012;26:555-62 pubmed publisher
    ..The combination of MRI and 3D reconstruction generates promising results in the hopes of creating a highly realistic and detailed model of the human larynx. ..
  27. Hermans R. Staging of laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer: value of imaging studies. Eur Radiol. 2006;16:2386-400 pubmed
  28. Papadas T, Stylianou M, Mastronikolis N, Papageorgakopoulou N, Skandalis S, Goumas P, et al. Alterations in the content and composition of glycosaminoglycans in human laryngeal carcinoma. Acta Otolaryngol. 2002;122:330-7 pubmed
    ..5-fold, amounting to up to 11.4% of total glycosaminoglycans. These dramatic changes in the content and composition of glycosaminoglycans seemed to be characteristic of the tumour and independent of its status. ..
  29. Paradowska Opałka B, Tarnowska C, Grochowska E. [Glottis morphology after supracricoid laryngectomy with CHP or CHEP--protetective and respiratory function assessement]. Otolaryngol Pol. 2006;60:337-42 pubmed
    ..Patients without aryteroid cartilage reconstruction or decanulated had more efficient swallowing. ..
  30. Khokhlov V. Knitted fractures of the laryngopharynx framework as a medico-legal matter. Forensic Sci Int. 1999;104:147-62 pubmed
    The article presents the analysis of knitted trauma to the hyoid bone and laryngeal cartilages, revealed while searching for fresh fractures of the laryngopharynx skeleton for medico-legal purposes...
  31. de la Grandmaison G, Banasr A, Durigon M. Age estimation using radiographic analysis of laryngeal cartilage. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2003;24:96-9 pubmed
    The laryngeal cartilages undergo age changes, including mineralization and ossification. Keen and Wainwright defined, in male and female subjects, recognizable stages of radiopacity of the thyroid, cricoid, and arytenoid cartilages...
  32. Topaloglu I, Bal M, Saltürk Z. Supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidopexy: oncological results. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2012;269:1959-65 pubmed publisher
    ..8%) and one second primary carcinoma (2.2%). These findings support the use of supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidopexy as an oncologically safe technique in properly selected patients with laryngeal carcinoma...
  33. Kohjitani A, Miyawaki T, Kasuya K, Mishima K, Sugahara T, Shimada M. Anesthetic management for advanced rheumatoid arthritis patients with acquired micrognathia undergoing temporomandibular joint replacement. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2002;60:559-66 pubmed
  34. Seino Y, Nakayama M, Okamoto M, Hayashi S. Computer-based analysis with three-dimensional imaging constructed from fine-slice computed tomography scan of supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy: report of two cases. J Laryngol Otol. 2011;125:523-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, phonation may have also occurred in various airways followed by mucosal vibration, which may be a sound source. ..
  35. Sulfaro S, Querin F, Barzan L, Lutman M, Comoretto R, Volpe R, et al. Pathologic assessment of computerized tomography accuracy for the evaluation of the laryngeal cartilaginous framework in laryngopharyngeal carcinomas. Tumori. 1989;75:156-62 pubmed
    ..Moreover, false-positive cases were mainly due to proximity of the tumor to the cartilage. Clinical implications of these results are discussed...
  36. de Alarcon A, Rutter M. Revision pediatric laryngotracheal reconstruction. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2008;41:959-80, x pubmed publisher
    ..Establishing a framework and guidelines for approaching and managing these failures can improve the chances of success significantly. The aim of this article is to provide such a framework...
  37. Charlier P, Coffy M, Grassin Delyle S, Huynh I, Alvarez J, Durigon M, et al. Laryngohyoid and cervical vertebra lesions after a fall from a low height. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2011;32:287-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Fractures of the hyoid bone and/or of the laryngeal cartilages were present in 2.5% of the cases (n = 3)...
  38. Khokhlov V. Injuries to the hyoid bone and laryngeal cartilages: effectiveness of different methods of medico-legal investigation. Forensic Sci Int. 1997;88:173-83 pubmed
    ..of effectiveness of the most widely used methods for medico-legal examination of the hyoid bone and laryngeal cartilages, i.e. palpation, radiography and complete preparation...
  39. Masaoka T, Oizumi H, Fujishima T, Naruke Y, Shiono S, Shimazaki Y. Removal of cartilage rings prevents graft stenosis in extended tracheal allotransplantation with omentopexy and immunosuppression: an experimental study. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2002;21:485-92 pubmed
    ..However, it is unclear whether this method can be applied to extended tracheal allotransplantation that requires immunosuppression. In this report, we describe midterm results of extended tracheal allotransplantation with the technique...
  40. Siegert R, Witte J, Jurk V, Kunisch M, Katzbach R, Remmert S. [Reconstruction after extended partial laryngeal and hypopharyngeal resections. A new method with rib cartilage, chondrosynthesis and free radial transplants]. HNO. 2002;50:829-35 pubmed
    ..Based on our prior experimental and clinical studies on laryngeal chondrosynthesis the objectives of this project were to develop a method for reconstruction of up to two thirds of the larynx and one pyriform sinus...
  41. Knobloch P, Schildknecht C, Kleine Ostmann T, Koch M, Hoffmann S, Hofmann M, et al. Medical THz imaging: an investigation of histo-pathological samples. Phys Med Biol. 2002;47:3875-84 pubmed
    ..The cw system is less expensive and more compact than conventional time-domain imaging systems...
  42. Nicollas R, Sudre Levillain I, Roman S, Triglia J. Surgical repair of laryngotracheoesophageal clefts by tracheoesophagoplasty with two overlapping flaps. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2006;115:346-9 pubmed
  43. Otteson T, Sandulache V, Barsic M, Disilvio G, Hebda P, Dohar J. Acute and chronic changes in the subglottis induced by graded carbon dioxide laser injury in the rabbit airway. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;134:694-702 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the repair process following carbon dioxide laser injury to the upper airway mucosa (UAM) during the development of chronic subglottic stenosis (SGS)...
  44. Boardman S, Albert D. Single-stage and multistage pediatric laryngotracheal reconstruction. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2008;41:947-58, ix pubmed publisher
    ..Despite this assessment, patients with a severe or complete stenosis have a poorer prognosis, and cricotracheal resection may be a better option...
  45. Beitler J, Muller S, Grist W, Corey A, Klein A, Johns M, et al. Prognostic accuracy of computed tomography findings for patients with laryngeal cancer undergoing laryngectomy. J Clin Oncol. 2010;28:2318-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Our goal was to review the accuracy of preoperative computed tomography (CT) scanning in determining the necessity for initial laryngectomy for advanced laryngeal cancer...
  46. Ayoub I, Brown D, Gazmuri R. Transtracheal oxygenation : an alternative to endotracheal intubation during cardiac arrest. Chest. 2001;120:1663-70 pubmed
  47. Khokhlov V. [Forensic medical assessment of hemorrhages in hyaline cartilages of the larynx]. Sud Med Ekspert. 2003;46:9-13 pubmed
    ..The differential diagnosis should be made with due respect to the anatomic-and-physiological peculiarities of the dead and by applying the hyaline method...
  48. Gugatschka M, Kiesler K, Chibidziura Priesching J, Schökler B, Friedrich G. Pitch synchronous changes of the anterior cricothyroid gap by using ultrasonography. J Voice. 2009;23:610-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, to assess and correlate laryngeal dimensions in a large cohort of voice healthy men...
  49. Chen E, Inglis A. Bilateral vocal cord paralysis in children. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2008;41:889-901, viii pubmed publisher
  50. Hayashi S, Hirose H, Tayama N, Imagawa H, Nakayama M, Seino Y, et al. High-speed digital imaging laryngoscopy of the neoglottis following supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy. J Laryngol Otol. 2010;124:1234-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aimed to analyse vocal performance and to investigate the nature of the neoglottal sound source in patients who had undergone supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy, using a high-speed digital imaging system...
  51. Herbst C, Qiu Q, Schutte H, Svec J. Membranous and cartilaginous vocal fold adduction in singing. J Acoust Soc Am. 2011;129:2253-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Individual control over these types of vocal fold adjustments allows singers to create different vocal timbres...
  52. Itami J, Uno T, Aruga M, Ode S. Local control of piriform sinus cancer treated by radiation therapy alone. Acta Oncol. 1997;36:389-92 pubmed
    ..In addition to the T-stage, other tumor factors should also be considered for predicting local control with radiation therapy...
  53. Varghese B, Paul S, Elizabeth M, Somanathan T, Elizabeth K. Late post radiation laryngeal chondronecrosis with pharyngooesophageal fibrosis. Indian J Cancer. 2004;41:81-4 pubmed
    ..This condition can mimic a local recurrence and severe and life threatening involvement will require aggressive surgical management as reported in the present case...
  54. Tran L, Zalzal G. Laryngotracheal stenosis repair using cartilage-derived morphogenic proteins: A pilot study. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2006;115:477-81 pubmed
    ..This pilot study evaluated the role of cartilage-derived morphogenic proteins (CDMPs) as promoters of cartilage growth and differentiation and as a possible alternative to autologous cartilage grafts in laryngotracheal reconstruction...
  55. Kabak M, Orhan I, Haziroglu R. The gross anatomy of larynx, trachea and syrinx in the long-legged buzzard (Buteo rufinus). Anat Histol Embryol. 2007;36:27-32 pubmed
    ..In this study, which is expected to give contribution to veterinary anatomy literature, the similarities and differences in larynx, trachea and syrinx of long-legged buzzard with other bird species were exposed...
  56. Cook T, Nolan J, Magee P, Cranshaw J. Needle cricothyroidotomy. Anaesthesia. 2007;62:289-90; author reply 290-1 pubmed
  57. Ljumanovic R, Langendijk J, Van Wattingen M, Schenk B, Knol D, Leemans C, et al. MR imaging predictors of local control of glottic squamous cell carcinoma treated with radiation alone. Radiology. 2007;244:205-12 pubmed
  58. Becker M, Zbären P, Casselman J, Kohler R, Dulguerov P, Becker C. Neoplastic invasion of laryngeal cartilage: reassessment of criteria for diagnosis at MR imaging. Radiology. 2008;249:551-9 pubmed publisher
    ..whether proposed diagnostic criteria applied to magnetic resonance (MR) images of patients with laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinoma may be used to distinguish neoplastic from inflammatory involvement of the laryngeal cartilages.
  59. Delaere P, Feenstra L. Management of acute laryngeal trauma. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg. 1995;49:347-9 pubmed
    ..Immediate airway management to provide a safe airway. Repair of displaced laryngeal fractures and mucosal lacerations with the placement of a soft silicone stent in the severe cases...
  60. Gilain C, Gersdorff M, Decat M, Garin P, Phillips C. The relevance of using tragal cartilage in tympanoplasty. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg. 1997;51:195-6 pubmed
    ..It is also at the origin of tympanoplasty failure. Tragal composite perichondrium-cartilage graft is a procedure which gives good results in these difficult surgical cases...
  61. Luna Ortiz K, Aguilar Melchor J, Kon Jara F. [Critical points for success in supracricoid partial laryngectomy with cricohyoidepiglottoepexy]. Cir Cir. 2003;71:391-6 pubmed
  62. Spiegel J. Phonosurgery for pitch alteration: feminization and masculinization of the voice. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2006;39:77-86 pubmed
  63. Chen D, Lan H, Hsieh T, Chen H, Lan J. Crico-thyroid perichondritis leading to sore throat in patients with active adult-onset Still's disease. Ann Rheum Dis. 2007;66:1264-6 pubmed
  64. Juutilainen M, Vintturi J, Robinson S, Back L, Lehtonen H, Makitie A. Laryngeal fractures: clinical findings and considerations on suboptimal outcome. Acta Otolaryngol. 2008;128:213-8 pubmed
    ..One-third of 33 fracture patients rated their voice after the fracture had healed as fair but altered...
  65. Gömmel A, Butenweg C, Bolender K, Grunendahl A. A muscle controlled finite-element model of laryngeal abduction and adduction. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2007;10:377-88 pubmed
    A three-dimensional finite-element model was developed to simulate the complex movement of the laryngeal cartilages during vocal fold abduction and adduction...
  66. Duband S, Timoshenko A, Mohammedi R, Prades J, Barral F, Debout M, et al. Study of endolaryngeal structures by videolaryngoscopy after hanging: a new approach to understanding the physiopathogenesis. Forensic Sci Int. 2009;192:48-52 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate laryngoscopic findings in hanging cases and to compare them with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and forensic autopsy results...
  67. Consalici R, Dall Olio D. Severe laryngeal fracture treated by supracricoid laryngectomy. J Laryngol Otol. 2010;124:1239-41 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper aims to comprehensively document a rare case of severe laryngeal fracture for which this difficult treatment choice represented an acceptable option...
  68. Hou N, Cui P, Luo J, Ma R, Zhu L. Tissue-engineered larynx using perfusion-decellularized technique and mesenchymal stem cells in a rabbit model. Acta Otolaryngol. 2011;131:645-52 pubmed publisher
    ..This in vivo maturation in the omentum could be the first step before in situ implantation of the construct. This construct could facilitate a tissue-engineered method for laryngeal reconstruction...
  69. Brennan J, Gibbons M, Lopez M, Hayes D, Faulkner J, Eller R, et al. Traumatic airway management in Operation Iraqi Freedom. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011;144:376-80 pubmed publisher
  70. Wygoda A, Rutkowski T, Ponikiewska D, Hejduk B, Składowski K. Ewing's sarcoma of the larynx. Effective treatment with organ preservation. Strahlenther Onkol. 2013;189:586-9 pubmed publisher
    ..At present, after 30 months of follow-up, the patient is free of tumor relapse and in very good condition...
  71. Salem N, Belhadj M, Aissaoui A, Mesrati M, Chadly A. Multidisciplinary approach to fatal dog attacks: a forensic case study. J Forensic Leg Med. 2013;20:763-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Confirming that the injuries are dog-bite related was based on a multidisciplinary approach including histological findings, odontological examination of bite marks and DNA analysis. ..
  72. Chevalier D, Beatse V, Darras J, Desaulty A, Piquet J. Surgical treatment of T1-T2 glottic carcinomas. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg. 1999;53:179-80 pubmed
    ..This technique is more controversial in case of local extension to other subsite or in case of limited mobility...
  73. Samant S, Robbins K, Kumar P, Ma J, Vieira F, Hanchett C. Bone or cartilage invasion by advanced head and neck cancer: intra-arterial supradose cisplatin chemotherapy and concomitant radiotherapy for organ preservation. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2001;127:1451-6 pubmed
    ..At University of Tennessee-Memphis, patients with advanced head and neck cancer have been treated on a protocol of concomitant intra-arterial (targeted) cisplatin and conventional radiation therapy...
  74. Berkiten G, Topaloglu I, Babuna C, Türköz K. [Comparison of magnetic resonance imaging findings with postoperative histopathologic results in laryngeal cancers]. Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg. 2002;9:203-7 pubmed
    ..We compared the findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with histopathologic results in laryngeal cancer...
  75. Eliashar R, Gross M, Goldfarb A, Sichel J. Purulent chondritis of the laryngeal framework cartilages. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2005;114:219-22 pubmed
    This manuscript reports on our experience with purulent chondritis of the laryngeal cartilages (PCLC), an entity that has not yet been described. Three patients had a diagnosis of PCLC...
  76. Muller A. [Impaired function of the upper airways. Laryngeal breathing]. Laryngorhinootologie. 2005;84 Suppl 1:S130-41 pubmed
  77. Windsor J, Middleton P. A 'difficult airway kit' for the emergency department. Emerg Med Australas. 2005;17:290-1 pubmed
  78. Suárez Peñaranda J, Alvarez T, Miguéns X, Rodríguez Calvo M, de Abajo B, Cortesão M, et al. Characterization of lesions in hanging deaths. J Forensic Sci. 2008;53:720-3 pubmed publisher
    ..1%), the jugular vein (2.2%), and ruptures of the carotid adventitial layer (21.7%). These could be partially associated with the use of a hard fixed noose and body weight...
  79. Sharma B, Harish D, Sharma A, Sharma S, Singh H. Injuries to neck structures in deaths due to constriction of neck, with a special reference to hanging. J Forensic Leg Med. 2008;15:298-305 pubmed publisher
  80. Bell R, Verschueren D, Dierks E. Management of laryngeal trauma. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2008;20:415-30 pubmed publisher
    ..A timely evaluation of the larynx, rapid airway intervention, and proper surgical repair are essential for a successful outcome...
  81. Nakamura K, Muto T, Yoshida T, Hiramatsu H, Watanabe Y, Suzuki M. Efficacy of total intravenous anesthesia without intubation for laryngeal framework surgery. Acta Otolaryngol. 2008;128:1037-42 pubmed publisher
    ..It is useful in laryngeal framework surgery because intraoperative voice monitoring while the patient remains awake is required...
  82. Goldenberg D, Golz A, Flax Goldenberg R, Joachims H. Severe laryngeal injury caused by blunt trauma to the neck: a case report. J Laryngol Otol. 1997;111:1174-6 pubmed
    ..Immediate initial surgery is aimed at stabilizing the cartilaginous framework and repairing the mucosa. We present a case of severe laryngeal injury caused by blunt trauma to the neck; our evaluation, treatment and the outcome...
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    ..To retrospectively assess the prognostic meaning of tumor characteristics depicted on pretreatment magnetic resonance (MR) images for local outcome in supraglottic squamous cell carcinoma treated with definitive radiation therapy...
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    ..From fluid mechanics, it is known that a smoothly converging duct will reduce turbulence. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the majority of the turbulence reduction is due to the smooth converging shape of the subglottis...
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    ..Our objective is to evaluate locoregional, laryngectomy-free, disease-specific, and overall survival in patients with laryngeal cancer with or without laryngeal cartilage sclerosis treated with primary radiation therapy...
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    ..During emergency airway management, difficult intubation is more common in obese patients, and morbidly obese patients are more commonly treated as potentially difficult airways...
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    ..This experimental study supports anecdotal experiences where PCMP has been used and has proven lifesaving when standard resuscitative measures to establish a clear airway have failed...
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    ..False positive results are inevitable with both CT and MRI because reactive inflammation may lead to overestimation of neoplastic cartilage invasion...
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    ..Reported here is the authors' experience with 2 cases of LTEC (type 3) repaired with bilateral musculomucosal flaps through the anterior wall of the trachea...
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    To establish digitized visible model of the laryngeal cartilages of the visible human, providing morphological data for image diagnosis and laryngectomy.
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