vitellogenesis

Summary

Summary: The active production and accumulation of VITELLINS (egg yolk proteins) in the non-mammalian OOCYTES from circulating precursors, VITELLOGENINS. Vitellogenesis usually begins after the first MEIOSIS and is regulated by estrogenic hormones.

Top Publications

  1. de Oliveira P, Bechara G, Denardi S, Nunes E, Camargo Mathias M. Morphological characterization of the ovary and oocytes vitellogenesis of the tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae). Exp Parasitol. 2005;110:146-56 pubmed
    This study presents the morphology of the ovary, as well as the process of the vitellogenesis in oocytes of the tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus. The ovary of these individuals is of the panoistic type; therefore, it lacks nurse cells...
  2. Mpakou V, Nezis I, Stravopodis D, Margaritis L, Papassideri I. Different modes of programmed cell death during oogenesis of the silkmoth Bombyx mori. Autophagy. 2008;4:97-100 pubmed
    ..indicate that all three types of programmed cell death occur in the ovarian nurse cell cluster during late vitellogenesis (formation of the egg yolk) of Bombyx mori (Lepidoptera), whereas middle vitellogenesis is exclusively ..
  3. Dong S, Ye G, Zhu J, Chen Z, Hu C, Liu S. Vitellin of Pteromalus puparum (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae), a pupal endoparasitoid of Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae): Biochemical characterization, temporal patterns of production and degradation. J Insect Physiol. 2007;53:468-77 pubmed
    ..These studies provide the basis for future investigation into endocrinal regulations of vitellogenesis and understanding the reproductive strategy in this wasp.
  4. Salem M, Kenney P, Rexroad C, Yao J. Microarray gene expression analysis in atrophying rainbow trout muscle: a unique nonmammalian muscle degradation model. Physiol Genomics. 2006;28:33-45 pubmed
    ..Muscle deterioration as a physiological response to the energetic demands of fish vitellogenesis represents a unique model for studying the mechanisms of muscle degradation in non-mammalian animals...
  5. Swiderski Z, Bakhoum A, Montoliu I, Feliu C, Gibson D, Miquel J. Ultrastructural study of vitellogenesis in Maritrema feliui (Digenea, Microphallidae). Parasitol Res. 2011;109:1707-14 pubmed publisher
    During vitellogenesis in the microphallid trematode Maritrema feliui, we distinguished four stages: (I) a stem cell stage of the gonial type; (II) an early differentiation stage with the main cell activity concentrated on the initiation ..
  6. Zhu J, Chen L, Raikhel A. Posttranscriptional control of the competence factor betaFTZ-F1 by juvenile hormone in the mosquito Aedes aegypti. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:13338-43 pubmed
    In anautogenous mosquitoes, vitellogenesis, which includes production of yolk protein precursors, requires blood feeding. Consequently, mosquitoes transmit many diseases...
  7. Sun G, Zhu J, Chen L, Raikhel A. Synergistic action of E74B and ecdysteroid receptor in activating a 20-hydroxyecdysone effector gene. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:15506-11 pubmed
    ..The synergistic activation is accomplished through their 20E-dependent protein-protein interaction on the gene promoter. This study reveals how the 20E direct-indirect regulation of an effector gene is achieved at the molecular level. ..
  8. Yoshiura Y, Senthilkumaran B, Watanabe M, Oba Y, Kobayashi T, Nagahama Y. Synergistic expression of Ad4BP/SF-1 and cytochrome P-450 aromatase (ovarian type) in the ovary of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, during vitellogenesis suggests transcriptional interaction. Biol Reprod. 2003;68:1545-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Ad4BP/SF-1 probably acts as a transcriptional modulator to implement the paradoxical actions of gonadotropins on oP450arom gene...
  9. Xu Y, Fu Q, Li S, He N. Silkworm egg proteins at the germ-band formation stage and a functional analysis of BmEP80 protein. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2011;41:572-81 pubmed publisher
    ..BmEP80 was a component of the eggshell which was secreted by follicle cells during the late vitellogenesis stage to early choriogenesis stage (FCs -5 to +10)...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Cho K, Raikhel A. Organization and developmental expression of the mosquito vitellogenin receptor gene. Insect Mol Biol. 2001;10:465-74 pubmed
    ..the regulation of this important molecule, we characterized the VgR gene structure and its expression during vitellogenesis in the mosquito A. aegypti...
  2. Cruz J, Mané Padrós D, Zou Z, Raikhel A. Distinct roles of isoforms of the heme-liganded nuclear receptor E75, an insect ortholog of the vertebrate Rev-erb, in mosquito reproduction. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2012;349:262-71 pubmed publisher
    ..we identified their distinct roles in regulating the level and timing of expression of key genes involved in vitellogenesis in the fat body (an insect analog of vertebrate liver and adipose tissue) of the mosquito Aedes aegypti...
  3. Telfer W. Egg formation in lepidoptera. J Insect Sci. 2009;9:1-21 pubmed publisher
    ..complexes in their maturation, their use of glycosaminoglycans to maintain intercellular patency during vitellogenesis, the role of proton and calcium pumps in their ion physiology, a separate postvitellogenic period of water and ..
  4. Lokman P, George K, Divers S, Algie M, Young G. 11-Ketotestosterone and IGF-I increase the size of previtellogenic oocytes from shortfinned eel, Anguilla australis, in vitro. Reproduction. 2007;133:955-67 pubmed
    ..Our results implicate hormones from both the reproductive and the metabolic axes in control of previtellogenic oocyte growth in a teleost fish...
  5. Breton T, Anderson J, Goetz F, Berlinsky D. Identification of ovarian gene expression patterns during vitellogenesis in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2012;179:296-304 pubmed publisher
    ..gene assays for luteinizing hormone receptor and aromatase also exhibited significant upregulation during vitellogenesis. Many genes were differentially expressed in follicle wall-enriched tissues, including endocrine maturational ..
  6. Nyuji M, Selvaraj S, Kitano H, Ohga H, Yoneda M, Shimizu A, et al. Changes in the expression of pituitary gonadotropin subunits during reproductive cycle of multiple spawning female chub mackerel Scomber japonicus. Fish Physiol Biochem. 2012;38:883-97 pubmed publisher
    ..mRNA levels remained high during the vitellogenic stages, while GP? and LH? mRNA levels peaked at the end of vitellogenesis. The expression of all three GtH subunits decreased during the post-spawning period...
  7. Phiriyangkul P, Puengyam P, Jakobsen I, Utarabhand P. Dynamics of vitellogenin mRNA expression during vitellogenesis in the banana shrimp Penaeus (Fenneropenaeus) merguiensis using real-time PCR. Mol Reprod Dev. 2007;74:1198-207 pubmed
    ..Vg mRNA levels were maintained at low levels during the previtellogenic stage and they increased as vitellogenesis progressed to reach a peak at the early vitellogenic stage in the ovary or at the vitellogenic stage in the ..
  8. Parra Peralbo E, Culi J. Drosophila lipophorin receptors mediate the uptake of neutral lipids in oocytes and imaginal disc cells by an endocytosis-independent mechanism. PLoS Genet. 2011;7:e1001297 pubmed publisher
    ..with low lipid content and have reduced fertility, revealing a central role for lpr2 in mediating Drosophila vitellogenesis. lpr1 and lpr2 are transcribed into multiple isoforms...
  9. Bevelander G, Hang X, Abbink W, Spanings T, Canario A, Flik G. PTHrP potentiating estradiol-induced vitellogenesis in sea bream (Sparus auratus, L.). Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2006;149:159-65 pubmed
    ..and the importance of calcium regulation in reproduction, we investigated the possible role of PTHrP in vitellogenesis. E2-naïve and E2-primed sea bream hepatocytes were used in an in vitro primary hepatocyte culture and ..
  10. Richard D, Rybczynski R, Wilson T, Wang Y, Wayne M, Zhou Y, et al. Insulin signaling is necessary for vitellogenesis in Drosophila melanogaster independent of the roles of juvenile hormone and ecdysteroids: female sterility of the chico1 insulin signaling mutation is autonomous to the ovary. J Insect Physiol. 2005;51:455-64 pubmed
    ..Previtellogenic wild-type ovaries transplanted into homozygous chico(1) females underwent vitellogenesis, showing that systemic factors present in mutant females are sufficient to support normal vitellogenesis...
  11. Rankouhi T, Sanderson J, van Holsteijn I, van Leeuwen C, Vethaak A, Van den Berg M. Effects of natural and synthetic estrogens and various environmental contaminants on vitellogenesis in fish primary hepatocytes: comparison of bream (Abramis brama) and carp (Cyprinus carpio). Toxicol Sci. 2004;81:90-102 pubmed
    ..PCB126, PCB118), 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-dioxin (TCDD), and 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran (PCDF) on vitellogenesis in primary hepatocytes. Comparing the EC50 values in bream hepatocytes: EE2 (0.1-0.2 microM) < E1 (0.6-0...
  12. Dong S, Ye G, Guo J, Hu C. Roles of ecdysteroid and juvenile hormone in vitellogenesis in an endoparasitic wasp, Pteromalus puparum (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2009;160:102-8 pubmed publisher
    To elucidate the endocrine regulation of vitellogenesis in an endoparastic wasp (Pteromalus puparum), the titers of ecdysteroid and juvenile hormone (JH) from the whole bodies are measured using the method of radioimmunoassay and GC-MS, ..
  13. Palstra A, Schnabel D, Nieveen M, Spaink H, van den Thillart G. Temporal expression of hepatic estrogen receptor 1, vitellogenin1 and vitellogenin2 in European silver eels. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2010;166:1-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Hence we assumed that vitellogenesis should start with the expression of the estrogen receptor in the liver before the circulating 17beta-estradiol ..
  14. Zhou Y, Zhang J, King M. Xenopus autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia protein couples lipoprotein receptors with the AP-2 complex in oocytes and embryos and is required for vitellogenesis. J Biol Chem. 2003;278:44584-92 pubmed
    ..In oocytes, we propose that xARH mediates the uptake of lipoproteins from the blood for storage in endosomes and later use in the embryo. Our findings point to an evolutionarily conserved function for ARH in lipoprotein uptake. ..
  15. Swiderski Z, Xylander W. Vitellocytes and vitellogenesis in cestodes in relation to embryonic development, egg production and life cycle. Int J Parasitol. 2000;30:805-17 pubmed
    ..A comparison of interrelationships which exist among types of vitellocytes, vitellogenesis, types of embryonic development, ovoviviparity and life cycles indicates parallelisms and analogies in ..
  16. Brown P, Herbert P, Woodruff R. Vitellogenesis in Oncopeltus fasciatus: PLC/IP(3), DAG/PK-C pathway triggered by CaM. J Insect Physiol. 2010;56:1300-5 pubmed publisher
    ..2) Stimulated phospholipase-C converts PIP(2) into IP(3) and DAG. (3) IP(3) causes increase in cytosolic Ca(2+). (4) DAG and Ca(2+) each stimulate phosphokinase-C, resulting in endocytosis of Vgs...
  17. Wang S, Li C, Sun G, Zhu J, Raikhel A. Differential expression and regulation by 20-hydroxyecdysone of mosquito ecdysteroid receptor isoforms A and B. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2002;196:29-42 pubmed
    ..cloned AaEcR-B isoform, has permitted us to evaluate the expression of AaEcR isoforms during mosquito vitellogenesis. Mosquito EcR isoform transcripts exhibited dramatically different patterns of expression after a blood meal-..
  18. Chan S, Mak A, Choi C, Ma T, Hui J, Tiu S. Vitellogenesis in the red crab, Charybdis feriatus: contributions from small vitellogenin transcripts (CfVg) and farnesoic acid stimulation of CfVg expression. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005;1040:74-9 pubmed
    ..In vitro treatment of the hepatopancreas fragments with low levels of farnesoic acid stimulated the expression of CfVg. ..
  19. Cruz J, Martin D, Pascual N, Maestro J, Piulachs M, Belles X. Quantity does matter. Juvenile hormone and the onset of vitellogenesis in the German cockroach. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2003;33:1219-25 pubmed
    ..These data lead to postulate that larvae do not synthesize vitellogenin simply because they do not produce enough JH, not because their fat body is incompetent. ..
  20. Agulleiro M, André M, Morais S, Cerdà J, Babin P. High transcript level of fatty acid-binding protein 11 but not of very low-density lipoprotein receptor is correlated to ovarian follicle atresia in a teleost fish (Solea senegalensis). Biol Reprod. 2007;77:504-16 pubmed
    ..transcripts may be used as a precocious functional marker to quantify the number of oocytes recruited for vitellogenesis and that fabp11 mRNA may be a very useful molecular marker for determining cellular events and environmental ..
  21. Palstra A, van den Thillart G. Swimming physiology of European silver eels (Anguilla anguilla L.): energetic costs and effects on sexual maturation and reproduction. Fish Physiol Biochem. 2010;36:297-322 pubmed publisher
    ..These trials showed suppressed gonadotropin expression and vitellogenesis in females, while in contrast continued sexual maturation was observed in silver males...
  22. Levi L, Ziv T, Admon A, Levavi Sivan B, Lubzens E. Insight into molecular pathways of retinal metabolism, associated with vitellogenesis in zebrafish. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2012;302:E626-44 pubmed publisher
    ..whether they were regulated by E(2), and finding pathways that could fulfill the demand for retinoids during vitellogenesis. Genes associated with retinal synthesis were upregulated in liver (rdh10, rdh13, sdr) and surprisingly also ..
  23. Palstra A, Schnabel D, Nieveen M, Spaink H, van den Thillart G. Swimming suppresses hepatic vitellogenesis in European female silver eels as shown by expression of the estrogen receptor 1, vitellogenin1 and vitellogenin2 in the liver. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2010;8:27 pubmed publisher
    ..So, it was hypothesized that long term swimming in seawater would release the inhibition further and would also stimulate the production of vitellogenin by the liver...
  24. Roth Z, Khalaila I. Identification and characterization of the vitellogenin receptor in Macrobrachium rosenbergii and its expression during vitellogenesis. Mol Reprod Dev. 2012;79:478-87 pubmed publisher
    ..from the pleocyamate crustacean Macrobrachium rosenbergii, and to investigate its expression levels during vitellogenesis and its interaction with Vg...
  25. Seo S, Cheon H, Sun J, Sappington T, Raikhel A. Tissue- and stage-specific expression of two lipophorin receptor variants with seven and eight ligand-binding repeats in the adult mosquito. J Biol Chem. 2003;278:41954-62 pubmed
  26. Matsuyama M, Shiraishi T, Sundaray J, Rahman A, Ohta K, Yamaguchi A. Steroidogenesis in ovarian follicles of chub mackerel, Scomber japonicus. Zoolog Sci. 2005;22:101-10 pubmed
    ..with intact chub mackerel ovarian follicles to clarify the synthetic pathways of steroid hormones during vitellogenesis and following final oocyte maturation (FOM)...
  27. Polzonetti Magni A, Mosconi G, Soverchia L, Kikuyama S, Carnevali O. Multihormonal control of vitellogenesis in lower vertebrates. Int Rev Cytol. 2004;239:1-46 pubmed
    The comparative approach on how and when vitellogenesis occurs in the diverse reproductive strategies displayed by aquatic and terrestrial lower vertebrates is presented in this chapter; moreover, attention has been paid to the ..
  28. Polzonetti Magni A, Mosconi G, Carnevali O, Yamamoto K, Hanaoka Y, Kikuyama S. Gonadotropins and reproductive function in the anuran amphibian, Rana esculenta. Biol Reprod. 1998;58:88-93 pubmed
    ..These results are discussed in terms of the high seasonality previously demonstrated in this wild frog...
  29. de Oliveira P, Camargo Mathias M, Bechara G. Amblyomma triste (Koch, 1844) (Acari: Ixodidae): morphological description of the ovary and of vitellogenesis. Exp Parasitol. 2006;113:179-85 pubmed
    The present study presents the morphology, histology, and the dynamics of vitellogenesis in females of the tick Amblyomma triste. The ovary in this species is of the panoistic type, therefore it lacks nurse cells...
  30. Levi L, Pekarski I, Gutman E, Fortina P, Hyslop T, Biran J, et al. Revealing genes associated with vitellogenesis in the liver of the zebrafish (Danio rerio) by transcriptome profiling. BMC Genomics. 2009;10:141 pubmed publisher
    In oviparous vertebrates, including fish, vitellogenesis consists of highly regulated pathways involving 17beta-estradiol (E2). Previous studies focused on a relatively small number of hepatic expressed genes during vitellogenesis...
  31. Birnbaum M, Gilbert L. Juvenile hormone stimulation of ornithine decarboxylase activity during vitellogenesis in Drosophila melanogaster. J Comp Physiol B. 1990;160:145-51 pubmed
    ..We postulate that JH may, either directly or indirectly, regulate polyamine biosynthesis in vivo, and that this synthesis may be required for the production of macromolecules during Drosophila vitellogenesis or embryogenesis.
  32. Lethimonier C, Flouriot G, Kah O, Ducouret B. The glucocorticoid receptor represses the positive autoregulation of the trout estrogen receptor gene by preventing the enhancer effect of a C/EBPbeta-like protein. Endocrinology. 2002;143:2961-74 pubmed
    Stress and cortisol are known to have negative effects on vitellogenesis in oviparous species...
  33. Cervera A, Cristina Maymó A, Martínez Pardo R, Dolores Garcerá M. Vitellogenesis inhibition in Oncopeltus fasciatus females (Heteroptera: Lygaeidae) exposed to cadmium. J Insect Physiol. 2005;51:895-911 pubmed
  34. Mair W, Sgrò C, Johnson A, Chapman T, Partridge L. Lifespan extension by dietary restriction in female Drosophila melanogaster is not caused by a reduction in vitellogenesis or ovarian activity. Exp Gerontol. 2004;39:1011-9 pubmed
    ..DR resulted in lifespan extension in females kept with males, in females kept without males, in females with vitellogenesis blocked by the mutant ovoD1 and in females with no germline as a result of X-irradiation...
  35. Fruttero L, Frede S, Rubiolo E, Canavoso L. The storage of nutritional resources during vitellogenesis of Panstrongylus megistus (Hemiptera: Reduviidae): the pathways of lipophorin in lipid delivery to developing oocytes. J Insect Physiol. 2011;57:475-86 pubmed publisher
    ..increases in the amounts of lipids, proteins and vitellin were observed in ovarian tissue with the progress of vitellogenesis. Unexpectedly, an increase in the amount of Lp was also observed...
  36. Selvaraj S, Kitano H, Amano M, Ohga H, Yoneda M, Yamaguchi A, et al. Increased expression of kisspeptin and GnRH forms in the brain of scombroid fish during final ovarian maturation and ovulation. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2012;10:64 pubmed
    ..The results indicate increased expression of multiple Kiss and GnRH forms in the brain and suggest their possible involvement in the regulation of FOM and ovulation in captive female chub mackerel. ..
  37. Guo J, Dong S, Yang X, Cheng L, Wan F, Liu S, et al. Enhanced vitellogenesis in a whitefly via feeding on a begomovirus-infected plant. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e43567 pubmed publisher
    ..Vg mRNA are associated with feeding on begomovirus-infected plants, thus providing a mechanism for accelerated vitellogenesis. We conclude that MEAM1 whitefly profits from feeding on begomovirus-infected plants for yolk protein ..
  38. Stifani S, Nimpf J, Schneider W. Vitellogenesis in Xenopus laevis and chicken: cognate ligands and oocyte receptors. The binding site for vitellogenin is located on lipovitellin I. J Biol Chem. 1990;265:882-8 pubmed
    b>Vitellogenesis is the process of yolk formation in rapidly growing oocytes of oviparous species. The transport of yolk precursor proteins from the blood plasma into the oocyte is achieved by receptor-mediated endocytosis...
  39. Tsutsui N, Ohira T, Kawazoe I, Takahashi A, Wilder M. Purification of sinus gland peptides having vitellogenesis-inhibiting activity from the whiteleg shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2007;9:360-9 pubmed
    b>Vitellogenesis-inhibiting hormone (VIH) in Crustacea belongs to the crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH)-family...
  40. Swiatek P. Oogenesis in the leech Glossiphonia heteroclita (Annelida, Hirudinea, Glossiphoniidae) II. Vitellogenesis, follicle cell structure and egg shell formation. Tissue Cell. 2006;38:263-70 pubmed
    ..The transforming mitochondria become small lipid droplets as vitellogenesis progresses...
  41. Pait A, Nelson J. Vitellogenesis in male Fundulus heteroclitus (killifish) induced by selected estrogenic compounds. Aquat Toxicol. 2003;64:331-42 pubmed
    ..Production of vitellogenin in male F. heteroclitus appeared similar to two other species dosed with the same compounds. ..
  42. Miura K, Zhu J, Dittmer N, Chen L, Raikhel A. A COUP-TF/Svp homolog is highly expressed during vitellogenesis in the mosquito Aedes aegypti. J Mol Endocrinol. 2002;29:223-38 pubmed
    In the mosquito Aedes aegypti, vitellogenesis is activated via an ecdysteroid hormonal cascade initiated by a blood meal...
  43. Sun G, Zhu J, Li C, Tu Z, Raikhel A. Two isoforms of the early E74 gene, an Ets transcription factor homologue, are implicated in the ecdysteroid hierarchy governing vitellogenesis of the mosquito, Aedes aegypti. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2002;190:147-57 pubmed
    In the anautogenous mosquito, Aedes aegypti, vitellogenesis is under the strict control of 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), which is produced via a blood meal-activated hormonal cascade...
  44. Rodríguez E, López Greco L, Medesani D, Laufer H, Fingerman M. Effect of methyl farnesoate, alone and in combination with other hormones, on ovarian growth of the red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, during vitellogenesis. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2002;125:34-40 pubmed
    ..effect of methyl farnesoate (MF) on the ovaries of female red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, undergoing vitellogenesis was determined both in vivo and in vitro...
  45. Rodríguez E, Medesani D, Greco L, Fingerman M. Effects of some steroids and other compounds on ovarian growth of the red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, during early vitellogenesis. J Exp Zool. 2002;292:82-7 pubmed
    ..mol/crayfish) were assayed in vivo on females of the red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, during early vitellogenesis. All these compounds were injected twice a week for 3 weeks...
  46. Tatar M, Kopelman A, Epstein D, Tu M, Yin C, Garofalo R. A mutant Drosophila insulin receptor homolog that extends life-span and impairs neuroendocrine function. Science. 2001;292:107-10 pubmed
  47. Carney G, Bender M. The Drosophila ecdysone receptor (EcR) gene is required maternally for normal oogenesis. Genetics. 2000;154:1203-11 pubmed
    ..Our results demonstrate a requirement for EcR during female reproduction and suggest that EcR is required for normal oogenesis. ..
  48. Spaziani E, Hinsch G, Edwards S. Changes in prostaglandin E2 and F2 alpha during vitellogenesis in the Florida crayfish Procambarus paeninsulanus. J Comp Physiol B. 1993;163:541-5 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in prostaglandins E2 and F2 alpha during vitellogenesis in the crayfish Procambarus paeninsulanus...
  49. Attardo G, Hansen I, Raikhel A. Nutritional regulation of vitellogenesis in mosquitoes: implications for anautogeny. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2005;35:661-75 pubmed
    ..Great gains have been made in elucidating the mechanisms that regulate vitellogenesis in mosquitoes, especially Ae. aegypti...
  50. Sammar M, Levi L, Hurvitz A, Lubzens E. Studies on retinol-binding protein during vitellogenesis in the Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2005;141:141-51 pubmed
    ..the role of retinol-binding protein (RBP), the specific retinol carrier protein in vertebrate plasma, during vitellogenesis. Plasma levels of RBP in pre-vitellogenic, vitellogenic, and post-vitellogenic females were compared to plasma ..
  51. Lokman P, Wass R, Suter H, Scott S, Judge K, Young G. Changes in steroid hormone profiles and ovarian histology during salmon pituitary-induced vitellogenesis and ovulation in female New Zealand longfinned eels, Anguilla dieffenbachii gray. J Exp Zool. 2001;289:119-29 pubmed
    To assess whether induced vitellogenesis in longfinned eels mimics that in naturally maturing conspecifics, female eels were artificially matured and steroid hormone status and oocyte cytology during oogenesis were evaluated...
  52. Soller M, Bownes M, Kubli E. Control of oocyte maturation in sexually mature Drosophila females. Dev Biol. 1999;208:337-51 pubmed
    ..Since juvenile hormone analogue does not elicit increased oviposition and reduced receptivity, Sex-Peptide must have an additional, separate effect on these two postmating responses. ..
  53. Casals N, Buesa C, Piulachs M, Cabañó J, Marrero P, Belles X, et al. Coordinated expression and activity of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A synthase and reductase in the fat body of Blattella germanica (L.) during vitellogenesis. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 1996;26:837-43 pubmed
    ..Moreover, the pattern of mevalonate synthesis parallels that of vitellogenin production, suggesting a coordinate mechanism between the mevalonate pathway and the production of vitellogenin. ..