Summary: The religion of the Jews characterized by belief in one God and in the mission of the Jews to teach the Fatherhood of God as revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Webster, 3d ed)

Top Publications

  1. Gesundheit B, Steinberg A, Glick S, Or R, Jotkovitz A. Euthanasia: an overview and the jewish perspective. Cancer Invest. 2006;24:621-9 pubmed
    ..We trust that classical Jewish sources might contribute to the establishment of clinical definitions, meaningful approaches and practical guidelines for clinicians. ..
  2. Coleman Brueckheimer K, Spitzer J, Koffman J. Involvement of Rabbinic and communal authorities in decision-making by haredi Jews in the UK with breast cancer: an interpretative phenomenological analysis. Soc Sci Med. 2009;68:323-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Rabbinic and communal figures may endorse therapeutic recommendations and make religious and cultural issues comprehensible to clinicians, and as such healthcare practitioners may benefit from this involvement. ..
  3. Kinzbrunner B. Jewish medical ethics and end-of-life care. J Palliat Med. 2004;7:558-73 pubmed
    While Judaism espouses the infinite value of human life, Judaism recognizes that all life is finite and, as such, its teachings are compatible with the principles of palliative medicine and end-of-life care as they are currently ..
  4. Wenger N, Carmel S. Physicians' religiosity and end-of-life care attitudes and behaviors. Mt Sinai J Med. 2004;71:335-43 pubmed
    ..Patients may need to query physicians' religious perspectives to ensure that they are consistent with patients' end-of-life care preferences. Evaluation of religiosity-related clinical behavior in other cultures is needed. ..
  5. Ejaz F. The influence of religious and personal values on nursing home residents' attitudes toward life-sustaining treatments. Soc Work Health Care. 2000;32:23-39 pubmed
    ..Practitioners who provide education on end-of-life decisions need to discuss a myriad of issues including individual religious and personal values and other characteristics in an effort to understand and respect treatment choices. ..
  6. Musgrave C, Margalith I, Goldsmidt L. Israeli oncology and nononcology nurses' attitudes toward physician-assisted dying: a comparison study. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2001;28:50-7 pubmed
    ..Israeli nurses need to be made aware of the ethical, social, and legal implications of PAD and its legalization for the Israeli nursing profession. In addition, more cross-cultural research on attitudes toward PAD needs to be conducted. ..
  7. Goldsand G, Rosenberg Z, Gordon M. Bioethics for clinicians: 22. Jewish bioethics. CMAJ. 2001;164:219-22 pubmed
    ..Jewish bioethics exemplifies how an ethical system based on duties may differ from the secular rights-based model prevalent in North American society. ..
  8. Clarfield A, Gordon M, Markwell H, Alibhai S. Ethical issues in end-of-life geriatric care: the approach of three monotheistic religions-Judaism, Catholicism, and Islam. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003;51:1149-54 pubmed
    ..The three Abrahamic monotheistic religions, Judaism, Christianity (its Catholic variant), and Islam all have carefully considered positions on medical ethics...
  9. Ivry T. Halachic infertility: rabbis, doctors, and the struggle over professional boundaries. Med Anthropol. 2013;32:208-26 pubmed publisher
    ..tradition, and modernity and their uses and abuses in the contemporary mode of interpenetration between observant Judaism and biomedicine...

More Information


  1. Broyde M. Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, stem cells and Jewish law. Tradition. 2004;38:54-75 pubmed
  2. Eisenberg D. A traditional jewish approach to risky medical treatment. Cancer Invest. 2007;25:209-15 pubmed
    ..The approach of Jewish law is valuable in formulating a generic approach to the area of risky medical treatments and is beneficial in understanding the choices that Jewish patients might make regarding their care. ..
  3. Chichester M. Requesting perinatal autopsy: multicultural considerations. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2007;32:81-6; quiz 87-8 pubmed
    ..This purpose of this article is to provide information on selected cultural and religious groups to assist the nurse who is seeking consent for a perinatal autopsy. ..
  4. Shoenfeld N, Strous R. Samson's suicide: psychopathology (Grossman) vs. heroism (Jabotinsky). Isr Med Assoc J. 2008;10:196-201 pubmed
    ..as the outcome of an unstable state of mind from a psychopathological point of view, and a controversial issue in Judaism (as in other religions), there is value in examining how each of these authors explains the act...
  5. Diekema D. Boldt v. Boldt: A pediatric ethics perspective. J Clin Ethics. 2009;20:251-7 pubmed
    ..Neither appears to be present in the case as it presented to the courts. ..
  6. Baeke G, Wils J, Broeckaert B. Orthodox Jewish perspectives on withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatment. Nurs Ethics. 2011;18:835-46 pubmed publisher
    ..The specificity of Jewish dealing with ethical dilemmas in health care indicates the importance for contemporary healthcare professionals of providing care which is sensitive to a patient's culture and worldview. ..
  7. Rappaport Z, Rappaport I. Brain death and organ transplantation: concepts and principles in Judaism. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2004;550:133-7 pubmed
  8. Strenger C. Mild Epicureanism: notes toward the definition of a therapeutic attitude. Am J Psychother. 2008;62:195-211 pubmed
    ..The paper presents the argument that mild Epicureanism is consistent with most therapeutic approaches, and allows addressing clients' belief without interfering with their right to make up their own minds. ..
  9. Spronk K. Good death and bad death in ancient Israel according to biblical lore. Soc Sci Med. 2004;58:987-95 pubmed
    ..A positive attitude towards martyrdom is missing. This results in a way of coping with death which has many 'modern' elements or which may help modern people to face death. ..
  10. Huppert J, Siev J, Kushner E. When religion and obsessive-compulsive disorder collide: treating scrupulosity in Ultra-Orthodox Jews. J Clin Psychol. 2007;63:925-41 pubmed
    ..We believe that understanding these challenges will enhance the clinician's ability to increase patient motivation and participation in therapy and thereby provide more effective treatment for these and other religious patients. ..
  11. Weitzman R. Withdrawal of life sustaining treatment for newborn infants from a Jewish perspective. Early Hum Dev. 2012;88:91-3 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper reviews the essence of Jewish law and provides some directives in answering such questions. ..
  12. Green V. Understanding different religions when caring for diabetes patients. Br J Nurs. 2004;13:658-62 pubmed
  13. Jotkowitz A. Feeding patients with advanced dementia: a Jewish ethical perspective. J Clin Ethics. 2004;15:346-9 pubmed
  14. Shulevitz M. Truth-telling and comfort. Shma. 2003;34:16 pubmed
  15. Reichman E. Uterine transplantation and the case of the mistaken question. Tradition. 2003;37:20-41 pubmed
  16. Rosner F. Medical confidentiality and patient privacy: the Jewish perspective. Cancer Invest. 2006;24:113-5 pubmed
    ..In Judaism, all biblical and rabbinic laws are temporarily waived in order to save a human life...
  17. Ravitsky V. Timers on ventilators. BMJ. 2005;330:415-7 pubmed
  18. Gold B, Kirchhoff T, Stefanov S, Lautenberger J, Viale A, Garber J, et al. Genome-wide association study provides evidence for a breast cancer risk locus at 6q22.33. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:4340-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Candidate genes in the 6q22.33 region include ECHDC1, which encodes a protein involved in mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation, and also RNF146, which encodes a ubiquitin protein ligase, both known pathways in breast cancer pathogenesis. ..
  19. Dein S, Swinton J, Abbas S. Theodicy and end-of-life care. J Soc Work End Life Palliat Care. 2013;9:191-208 pubmed publisher
    ..vindication of God's goodness and justice in the face of the existence of evil from the perspectives of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam...
  20. Wicclair M. The moral significance of claims of conscience in healthcare. Am J Bioeth. 2007;7:30-1; discussion W1-2 pubmed
  21. Brandeis G, Oates D. The Judaic-Christian origin of nursing homes. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2007;8:279-83 pubmed
    ..Although the underlying principles are similar, differences in approach and execution for the formation of these homes exist. ..
  22. Rosner F, Abramson N. Fluids and nutrition: perspectives from Jewish Law (Halachah). South Med J. 2009;102:248-50 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Judaism upholds the supreme sanctity of human life...
  23. Jotkowitz A. The use of narrative in Jewish medical ethics. J Relig Health. 2013;52:966-73 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the centrality of narrative in the thought of Orthodox Jewish decisors and the problems inherent in this methodology. ..
  24. Schenker J. The beginning of human life : status of embryo. Perspectives in Halakha (Jewish Religious Law). J Assist Reprod Genet. 2008;25:271-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Current biological perspectives on when human life begins range through fertilization, gastrulation, to birth and even after. The development of a newborn is a smoothly continuous process. ..
  25. Lazar A. Spirituality and job satisfaction among female Jewish Israeli hospital nurses. J Adv Nurs. 2010;66:334-44 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, nurses with a strong transcendent orientation may be identified and given special attention to increase the likelihood of job satisfaction. ..
  26. Hakak Y. Battling Against Interfaith Relations in Israel: Religion, Therapy, and Social Services. J Marital Fam Ther. 2016;42:45-57 pubmed publisher
    ..I will analyze these practices as a solution to a structural problem of the Jewish enclave in Israel. ..
  27. Rollins G. Exercise and healty weight in youth delay onset of breast cancer in women at highest risk. Rep Med Guidel Outcomes Res. 2003;14:7-8 pubmed
  28. Burstein H. Choose life. Alpha Omegan. 2004;97:26-7 pubmed
  29. Ivry T. The ultrasonic picture show and the politics of threatened life. Med Anthropol Q. 2009;23:189-211 pubmed
    ..This article opts to go beyond analyzing the cultural paradigms of thinking and the sociopolitical circumstances at play, to convey a sense of how notions of threatened life are produced. ..
  30. Jakobovits J. Halakhic considerations. Shma. 2004;34:16 pubmed
  31. Shor R, Avihod G, Aivhod G. The conceptual model and guiding principles of a supported-education program for Orthodox Jewish persons with severe mental illness. Community Ment Health J. 2011;47:568-72 pubmed publisher
    ..This is a promising model for addressing the unique needs of religious persons with severe mental illness and for filling a gap in the resources available for the rehabilitation of this population in the community. ..
  32. Chirita V, Chiriţă R, Duică L, Talau G. [Euthanasia/assisted suicide. Ethical and socio-religious aspects]. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 2009;113:663-6 pubmed
    ..In a religious way, cardinal confessions (Christianity, Judaism, Islamism, Buddhism) condemn euthanasia/assisted suicide and, in the same time have a more relaxed attitude ..
  33. Rowley A, Hong B, Martin S, Jones L, Vijayan A, Shenoy S, et al. Psychiatric disorders: are they an absolute contraindication to living donation?. Prog Transplant. 2009;19:128-31 pubmed
    ..Stable individuals, on or off therapy, can be considered fit to donate with expected short- and long-term outcome prognoses similar to those for the general population. ..
  34. Bresnahan M, Mahler K. Ethical debate over organ donation in the context of brain death. Bioethics. 2010;24:54-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Organ procurement agencies claim that all major world religions approve of organ donation and do not address the ethical controversy about organ donation in the context of brain death that is readily available online. ..
  35. Herzog H. Trisection of forces: gender, religion and the state--the case of state-run religious schools in Israel. Br J Sociol. 2006;57:241-62 pubmed
  36. Halpern L. Tahara. Am J Nurs. 2006;106:39 pubmed
  37. de Bilbao F, Giannakopoulos P. [Effect of religious culture on obsessive compulsive disorder symptomatology. A transcultural study in monotheistic religions]. Rev Med Suisse. 2005;1:2818-21 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that clinicians should be sensitive to the fact that religious obsessions may be more prevalent in certain cultures with which they may not be well acquainted. ..
  38. Sufian S. Colonial malariology, medical borders, and sharing scientific knowledge in mandatory Palestine. Sci Context. 2006;19:381-400 pubmed
    ..In this way, the Zionist anti-malaria project in Palestine holds a unique place in malaria research of the time. ..
  39. Washofsky M. Halachah, aggadah, and Reform Jewish bioethics: a response. CCAR J. 2006;53:81-106 pubmed
  40. Muller I. [The former synagogue of the old Vienna General Hospital--a sad 100 year anniversary]. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2004;116:55-60 pubmed
  41. Dorff E. Judaism, money, and health care. Shma. 2004;34:20 pubmed
  42. Dubler N. Legal principles and decision-making. Shma. 2004;34:16 pubmed
  43. Jotkowitz A, Glick S. Confession at the end of life: a Jewish perspective. J Palliat Care. 2005;21:57-8 pubmed
  44. Kandel I, Morad M, Vardi G, Merrick J. Intellectual disability and parenthood. ScientificWorldJournal. 2005;5:50-7 pubmed
    ..K. has shown a varied picture of resilience and a close, warm relationship later on with the family and especially the mother. ..
  45. Levin J. Health impact of Jewish religious observance in the USA: findings from the 2000-01 National Jewish Population Survey. J Relig Health. 2011;50:852-68 pubmed publisher
    ..Follow-up analysis revealed a net health impact of religious observance primarily limited to Orthodox and Conservative Jews. ..
  46. Grajower M, Zangen D. Expert opinion and clinical experience regarding patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus fasting on Yom Kippur. Pediatr Diabetes. 2011;12:473-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Weissmandl and Rabbi Mordechai Willig (NY) that the procedure is permissible when performed appropriately for the patient's welfare and health while fasting on Yom Kippur. ..
  47. Jotkowitz A. Theological reflections on donation after circulatory death: the wisdom of Paul Ramsey and Moshe Feinstein. J Med Ethics. 2008;34:706-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Their writings relating to definition of death, organ transplantation and the care of the terminally ill are briefly presented, and their potential application to the moral problem of organ donation after circulatory death is discussed. ..
  48. Rassin M, Lowenthal M, Silner D. Fear, ambivalence, and liminality: key concepts in refusal to donate an organ after brain death. JONAS Healthc Law Ethics Regul. 2005;7:79-83; quiz 84-5 pubmed
    ..That is, brain death describes irreversible cessation of all brain function, and therefore, the patient becomes a dead body and can be treated as a potential organ donor. ..
  49. Benatar Haserfaty J. [Concepts of brain death and organ donation: the Jewish point of view]. Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim. 2005;52:187-8 pubmed
  50. Haimov Kochman R, Hochner Celinkier D. Contraceptive counseling for orthodox Jewish women. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2007;12:13-8 pubmed
    ..Understanding the religious, social and cultural background of patients, religious orthodox women in particular, enables to appropriately counsel them. ..
  51. Feinberg S. Issues in the psychopharmacologic assessment and treatment of the orthodox Jewish patient. CNS Spectr. 2005;10:954-65 pubmed
    ..However, the dearth of controlled research in this community needs to be addressed to provide more effective treatment. ..
  52. Jotkowitz A, Glick S. Navigating the chasm between religious and secular perspectives in modern bioethics. J Med Ethics. 2009;35:357-60 pubmed publisher
    ..The Israeli experience is a model of a country working to synthesise an ancient tradition with the complexities of modern life and could serve as an example for other countries struggling with similar issues. ..
  53. Stokes G. Dr Walter Henry Anderson (1870-1937) and the mission hospital at Safed, Palestine. J Med Biogr. 2013;21:55-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Themes of that era - the rise of Zionism, confrontation between Judaism and evangelical Christianity, conflict between immigrant Jew and Palestinian Arab and the remarkable travels of ..