radiation

Summary

Summary: Waves of oscillating electric and MAGNETIC FIELDS which move at right angles to each other and outward from the source.

Top Publications

  1. Liu M, Wen J, Fan Y. Potential protection of green tea polyphenols against 1800 MHz electromagnetic radiation-induced injury on rat cortical neurons. Neurotox Res. 2011;20:270-6 pubmed publisher
    ..was performed to investigate the possible protective effects of green tea polyphenols against electromagnetic radiation-induced injury in the cultured rat cortical neurons...
  2. McMahon S, Butterworth K, Trainor C, McGarry C, O Sullivan J, Schettino G, et al. A kinetic-based model of radiation-induced intercellular signalling. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e54526 pubmed publisher
    ..The radiation-induced bystander effect is a prime example of this effect, where cells shielded from radiation exposure see a ..
  3. Wang H, Yang Y, Shen H, Gu J, Li T, Li X. ABT-737 induces Bim expression via JNK signaling pathway and its effect on the radiation sensitivity of HeLa cells. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e52483 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we demonstrate that ABT-737 improved the radiation sensitivity of cervical cancer HeLa cells and thereby provoked cell apoptosis...
  4. Groom S, Stevens M, Schwarz M. Diversification of Fijian halictine bees: insights into a recent island radiation. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2013;68:582-94 pubmed publisher
    Although bees form a key pollinator suite for flowering plants, very few studies have examined the evolutionary radiation of non-domesticated bees over human time-scales...
  5. Fazio B, D Andrea C, Bonaccorso F, Irrera A, Calogero G, Vasi C, et al. Re-radiation enhancement in polarized surface-enhanced resonant Raman scattering of randomly oriented molecules on self-organized gold nanowires. ACS Nano. 2011;5:5945-56 pubmed publisher
    We explore the effect of re-radiation in surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) through polarization-sensitive experiments on self-organized gold nanowires on which randomly oriented Methylene Blue molecules are adsorbed...
  6. Canganella F, Wiegel J. Extremophiles: from abyssal to terrestrial ecosystems and possibly beyond. Naturwissenschaften. 2011;98:253-79 pubmed publisher
    ..In some cases (DNA polymerase, thermostable enzymes), the search was successful and the final application was achieved, but certainly further exploitations are next to come. ..
  7. Kesari K, Kumar S, Behari J. Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic wave exposure from cellular phones on the reproductive pattern in male Wistar rats. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2011;164:546-59 pubmed publisher
    ..It is concluded that radiofrequency electromagnetic wave from commercially available cell phones might affect the fertilizing potential of spermatozoa. ..
  8. Hanot M, Boivin A, Malesys C, Beuve M, Colliaux A, Foray N, et al. Glutathione depletion and carbon ion radiation potentiate clustered DNA lesions, cell death and prevent chromosomal changes in cancer cells progeny. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e44367 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, residual DNA double-strand breaks were measured whatever the radiation qualities...
  9. Krasny M, Krasny K, Kaminski A, Zadurska M, Piekarczyk P, Fiedor P. Evaluation of safety and efficacy of radiation-sterilized bone allografts in reconstructive oral surgery. Cell Tissue Bank. 2013;14:367-74 pubmed publisher
    ..assess the direct and long-term outcomes following augmentation of atrophied alveolar processes with the use of radiation-sterilized allogeneic bone grafts...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Twomey E, Yeager J, Brown J, Morales V, Cummings M, Summers K. Phenotypic and Genetic Divergence among Poison Frog Populations in a Mimetic Radiation. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e55443 pubmed publisher
    ..In a mimetic radiation, different populations of a species evolve to resemble different models, which can lead to speciation...
  2. Guy L, Nystedt B, Toft C, Zaremba Niedzwiedzka K, Berglund E, Granberg F, et al. A gene transfer agent and a dynamic repertoire of secretion systems hold the keys to the explosive radiation of the emerging pathogen Bartonella. PLoS Genet. 2013;9:e1003393 pubmed publisher
    ..The process counters gene loss and forces all cells to contribute to the production of the GTA and the secreted molecules. The results advance our understanding of the role that GTAs play for the evolution of bacterial genomes. ..
  3. Niu N, Qin Y, Fridley B, Hou J, Kalari K, Zhu M, et al. Radiation pharmacogenomics: a genome-wide association approach to identify radiation response biomarkers using human lymphoblastoid cell lines. Genome Res. 2010;20:1482-92 pubmed publisher
    b>Radiation therapy is used to treat half of all cancer patients. Response to radiation therapy varies widely among patients...
  4. Rumyantsev P, Saenko V, Ilyin A, Stepanenko V, Rumyantseva U, Abrosimov A, et al. Radiation exposure does not significantly contribute to the risk of recurrence of Chernobyl thyroid cancer. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011;96:385-93 pubmed publisher
    ..The determination of risk factors for PTC recurrence in a controlled for baseline factors group of patients with radiation-related and sporadic PTC...
  5. Johnson S, Torrice C, Bell J, Monahan K, Jiang Q, Wang Y, et al. Mitigation of hematologic radiation toxicity in mice through pharmacological quiescence induced by CDK4/6 inhibition. J Clin Invest. 2010;120:2528-36 pubmed publisher
    ..due to the sensitivity of proliferating hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) to ionizing radiation (IR). No effective therapy exists to mitigate the hematologic toxicities of TBI...
  6. Baker L, Rubinstein J. Radiation damage in electron cryomicroscopy. Methods Enzymol. 2010;481:371-88 pubmed publisher
    ..The deleterious effects of radiation are minimized in cryo-EM by limiting the exposure of the specimen to incident electrons and cooling the sample ..
  7. Nalla A, Asuthkar S, Bhoopathi P, Gujrati M, Dinh D, Rao J. Suppression of uPAR retards radiation-induced invasion and migration mediated by integrin ?1/FAK signaling in medulloblastoma. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e13006 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we attempt to capitalize on the radiation-induced aggressive behavior of medulloblastoma cells by comparing the extracellular protease activity and the ..
  8. Santos A, Oliveira V, Baptista I, Henriques I, Gomes N, Almeida A, et al. Effects of UV-B radiation on the structural and physiological diversity of bacterioneuston and bacterioplankton. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012;78:2066-9 pubmed publisher
    The effects of UV radiation (UVR) on estuarine bacterioneuston and bacterioplankton were assessed in microcosm experiments. Bacterial abundance and DNA synthesis were more affected in bacterioplankton...
  9. Alhekail Z, Hadi M, Alkanhal M. Public safety assessment of electromagnetic radiation exposure from mobile base stations. J Radiol Prot. 2012;32:325-37 pubmed publisher
    Exposure of the general public to electromagnetic radiation originating from randomly selected GSM/WCDMA base stations in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been assessed in the context of the International Commission on Non-Ionising ..
  10. Fushiki S. Radiation hazards in children - lessons from Chernobyl, Three Mile Island and Fukushima. Brain Dev. 2013;35:220-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The most critical issue when considering the effects of radiation on the health of children was the increase of thyroid cancer, as clearly demonstrated among people who were ..
  11. Xu H, Wang X, Yu T, Sun H, Zhang B. Radiation-suppressed plasmonic open resonators designed by nonmagnetic transformation optics. Sci Rep. 2012;2:784 pubmed publisher
    How to confine light energy associated with surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in a physical space with minimal radiation loss whereas creating maximum interacting section with surrounding environment is of particular interest in ..
  12. Kesanakurti D, Chetty C, Rajasekhar Maddirela D, Gujrati M, Rao J. Essential role of cooperative NF-?B and Stat3 recruitment to ICAM-1 intronic consensus elements in the regulation of radiation-induced invasion and migration in glioma. Oncogene. 2013;32:5144-55 pubmed publisher
    ..glioblastoma multiformes (GBMs) tend to relapse with augmented tumor migration and invasion even after ionizing radiation (IR)...
  13. Raber J, Allen A, Rosi S, Sharma S, Dayger C, Davis M, et al. Effects of (56)Fe radiation on hippocampal function in mice deficient in chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2). Behav Brain Res. 2013;246:69-75 pubmed publisher
    ..CCR2 KO and wild-type mice were used to compare effects of (56)Fe radiation (600MeV, 0...
  14. Ledda M, Megiorni F, Pozzi D, Giuliani L, D Emilia E, Piccirillo S, et al. Non ionising radiation as a non chemical strategy in regenerative medicine: Ca(2+)-ICR "In Vitro" effect on neuronal differentiation and tumorigenicity modulation in NT2 cells. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e61535 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that the Ca(2+)-ICR frequency is able to induce differentiation and reduction of tumorigenicity in NT2 exposed cells suggesting a new potential therapeutic use in regenerative medicine. ..
  15. Bakst R, Lee N, He S, Chernichenko N, Chen C, Linkov G, et al. Radiation impairs perineural invasion by modulating the nerve microenvironment. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e39925 pubmed publisher
    ..Although radiation therapy (RT) may be delivered along the course of an invaded nerve, the mechanisms through which radiation may ..
  16. Farberg A, Jing X, Monson L, Donneys A, Tchanque Fossuo C, Deshpande S, et al. Deferoxamine reverses radiation induced hypovascularity during bone regeneration and repair in the murine mandible. Bone. 2012;50:1184-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We hypothesize that the angiogenic properties of DFO will improve bone regeneration in distraction osteogenesis (DO) after x-ray radiation therapy (XRT) by restoring the vascularity around the distraction site.
  17. Cardoso S, Stelling M, Paulsen B, Rehen S. Synchrotron radiation X-ray microfluorescence reveals polarized distribution of atomic elements during differentiation of pluripotent stem cells. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e29244 pubmed publisher
    ..state towards neural differentiated state through analysis of trace elements distribution using the Synchrotron Radiation X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy...
  18. Laperre K, Depypere M, van Gastel N, Torrekens S, Moermans K, Bogaerts R, et al. Development of micro-CT protocols for in vivo follow-up of mouse bone architecture without major radiation side effects. Bone. 2011;49:613-22 pubmed publisher
    ..offer unique information on the time-related changes in bone mass and structure of living mice, provided that radiation-induced side effects are prevented. Lowering the radiation dose, however, inevitably decreases the image quality...
  19. Sanuki N, Takeda A, Amemiya A, Ofuchi T, Ono M, Ogata H, et al. Outcomes of clinically node-negative breast cancer without axillary dissection: can preserved axilla be safely treated with radiation after a positive sentinel node biopsy?. Clin Breast Cancer. 2013;13:69-76 pubmed publisher
    ..4%, 98.9%, and 97.6% (P = .03), respectively. Symptomatic but transient radiation pneumonitis developed in 31, 16, and 6 (2.0%, 3.1%, and 5.7%). Mild arm edema was observed in 1, 4, and 0 (0...
  20. Li S, Chou A, Chen W, Chen R, Deng Y, Phillips H, et al. Overexpression of isocitrate dehydrogenase mutant proteins renders glioma cells more sensitive to radiation. Neuro Oncol. 2013;15:57-68 pubmed publisher
    ..In vitro experiments were conducted to characterize baseline growth and migration and response to radiation and temozolomide. In addition, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were measured under various conditions...
  21. François A, Milliat F, Guipaud O, Benderitter M. Inflammation and immunity in radiation damage to the gut mucosa. Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:123241 pubmed publisher
    Erythema was observed on the skin of the first patients treated with radiation therapy. It is in particular to reduce this erythema, one feature of tissue inflammation, that prescribed dose to the tumor site started to be fractionated...
  22. Gonzalez Vasconcellos I, Anastasov N, Sanli Bonazzi B, Klymenko O, Atkinson M, Rosemann M. Rb1 haploinsufficiency promotes telomere attrition and radiation-induced genomic instability. Cancer Res. 2013;73:4247-55 pubmed publisher
    Germline mutations of the retinoblastoma gene (RB1) predispose to both sporadic and radiation-induced osteosarcoma, tumors characterized by high levels of genomic instability, and activation of alternative lengthening of telomeres...
  23. Williams P, Fletcher S. Health effects of prenatal radiation exposure. Am Fam Physician. 2010;82:488-93 pubmed
    Pregnant women are at risk of exposure to nonionizing and ionizing radiation resulting from necessary medical procedures, workplace exposure, and diagnostic or therapeutic interventions before the pregnancy is known...
  24. Sarvazyan A, Rudenko O, Nyborg W. Biomedical applications of radiation force of ultrasound: historical roots and physical basis. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2010;36:1379-94 pubmed publisher
    b>Radiation force is a universal phenomenon in any wave motion, electromagnetic or acoustic...
  25. Judson B, Miyaki A, Kekatpure V, Du B, Gilleaudeau P, Sullivan Whalen M, et al. UV radiation inhibits 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase levels in human skin: evidence of transcriptional suppression. Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2010;3:1104-11 pubmed publisher
    Elevated levels of prostaglandins (PG) have been detected in the skin following UV radiation (UVR). PGs play an important role in mediating both the acute and the chronic consequences of UVR exposure...
  26. Tonnessen B, Pounds L. Radiation physics. J Vasc Surg. 2011;53:6S-8S pubmed publisher
    b>Radiation comes in different forms of energy in motion. Doses of radiation and the area of interest are important considerations when imaging patients, particularly during percutaneous procedures...
  27. Carballo Quintás M, Martínez Silva I, Cadarso Suarez C, Alvarez Figueiras M, Ares Pena F, Lopez Martin E. A study of neurotoxic biomarkers, c-fos and GFAP after acute exposure to GSM radiation at 900 MHz in the picrotoxin model of rat brains. Neurotoxicology. 2011;32:478-94 pubmed publisher
    ..of microwave exposure from the Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) were studied in rats, using 900MHz radiation at an intensity similar to mobile phone emissions...
  28. Liu S, Sammons V, Fairhall J, Reddy R, Tu J, Duong T, et al. Molecular responses of brain endothelial cells to radiation in a mouse model. J Clin Neurosci. 2012;19:1154-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Elucidating the molecular effects of radiation on EC may allow development of new therapies that modulate the response of AVM to radiation...
  29. De Roos A, Teschke K, Savitz D, Poole C, Grufferman S, Pollock B, et al. Parental occupational exposures to electromagnetic fields and radiation and the incidence of neuroblastoma in offspring. Epidemiology. 2001;12:508-17 pubmed
    We examined parental occupational exposures to electromagnetic fields and radiation and the incidence of neuroblastoma in offspring...
  30. Sharp G, Mizuno T, Cologne J, Fukuhara T, Fujiwara S, Tokuoka S, et al. Hepatocellular carcinoma among atomic bomb survivors: significant interaction of radiation with hepatitis C virus infections. Int J Cancer. 2003;103:531-7 pubmed
    ..the cohort of Japanese survivors of the 1945 atomic bombings to study the joint effects of HBV and HCV with radiation on the risk of HCC...
  31. Krizek D. Influence of PAR and UV-A in determining plant sensitivity and photomorphogenic responses to UV-B radiation. Photochem Photobiol. 2004;79:307-15 pubmed
    The role of photosynthetically active radiation (400-700 nm) (PAR) in modifying plant sensitivity and photomorphogenic responses to ultraviolet-B (280-320 nm) (UV-B) radiation has been examined by a number of investigators, but few ..
  32. Pickwell E, Cole B, Fitzgerald A, Pepper M, Wallace V. In vivo study of human skin using pulsed terahertz radiation. Phys Med Biol. 2004;49:1595-607 pubmed
    ..devised a finite difference time-domain (FDTD) model which is able to closely simulate the interaction of THz radiation with water...
  33. Koturbash I, Pogribny I, Kovalchuk O. Stable loss of global DNA methylation in the radiation-target tissue--a possible mechanism contributing to radiation carcinogenesis?. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005;337:526-33 pubmed
    b>Radiation-induced lymphomagenesis and leukemogenesis are complex processes involving both genetic and epigenetic changes...
  34. Zou Z, Sun H, Su Y, Cheng T, Luo C. Progress in research on radiation combined injury in China. Radiat Res. 2008;169:722-9 pubmed publisher
    The significant feature of radiation combined injury is the occurrence of a combined effect...
  35. Gamero E, Morales Pedraza J. The impact of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) program on radiation and tissue banking in Peru. Cell Tissue Bank. 2009;10:167-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Health Institute was inaugurated in 1996, with the financial and technical support of the IAEA program on radiation and tissue banking...
  36. Carr Z. WHO-REMPAN for global health security and strengthening preparedness and response to radiation emergencies. Health Phys. 2010;98:773-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Since its establishment in 1987, the Radiation Emergency Medical Preparedness and Assistance Network of WHO (WHO-REMPAN) has become an important asset for the ..
  37. Desai N, Kesari K, Agarwal A. Pathophysiology of cell phone radiation: oxidative stress and carcinogenesis with focus on male reproductive system. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2009;7:114 pubmed publisher
    ..NADH oxidase mediated ROS formation as playing a central role in oxidative stress (OS) due to cell phone radiation (with a focus on the male reproductive system)...
  38. Tiwari P, Kumar A, Balakrishnan S, Kushwaha H, Mishra K. Radiation-induced micronucleus formation and DNA damage in human lymphocytes and their prevention by antioxidant thiols. Mutat Res. 2009;676:62-8 pubmed publisher
    ..of antioxidant thiols, namely N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), glutathione (GSH) and thioproline (TP), on gamma radiation-induced damage to human lymphocytes DNA as assessed by micronucleus (MN) formation and comet assay parameters...
  39. Francino M. An adaptive radiation model for the origin of new gene functions. Nat Genet. 2005;37:573-7 pubmed
  40. Johannes C, Dixius A, Pust M, Hentschel R, Buraczewska I, Staaf E, et al. The yield of radiation-induced micronuclei in early and late-arising binucleated cells depends on radiation quality. Mutat Res. 2010;701:80-5 pubmed publisher
    ..time of human peripheral blood lymphocytes on the yield of chromosomal aberrations induced by sparsely ionising radiation in the G0 phase of the cell cycle...
  41. Tonini R, Baroni M, Masala E, Micheletti M, Ferroni A, Mazzanti M. Calcium protects differentiating neuroblastoma cells during 50 Hz electromagnetic radiation. Biophys J. 2001;81:2580-9 pubmed
    Despite growing concern about electromagnetic radiation, the interaction between 50- to 60-Hz fields and biological structures remains obscure...
  42. Schettino G, Al Rashid S, Prise K. Radiation microbeams as spatial and temporal probes of subcellular and tissue response. Mutat Res. 2010;704:68-77 pubmed publisher
    ..Several different types of radiation microbeams have been developed using X-rays, charged particles and electrons...
  43. Pani S, Longo R, Dreossi D, Montanari F, Olivo A, Arfelli F, et al. Breast tomography with synchrotron radiation: preliminary results. Phys Med Biol. 2004;49:1739-54 pubmed
    A system for in vivo breast imaging with monochromatic x-rays has been designed and built at the synchrotron radiation facility Elettra in Trieste (Italy) and will be operational in 2004...
  44. Kleinerman R. Cancer risks following diagnostic and therapeutic radiation exposure in children. Pediatr Radiol. 2006;36 Suppl 2:121-5 pubmed
    ..increasing use and complexity of these procedures comes concern about the cancer risk associated with ionizing radiation exposure to children...
  45. Berthelet E, Truong P, Zavgorodni S, Moravan V, Liu M, Runkel J, et al. Consistency in electronic portal imaging registration in prostate cancer radiation treatment verification. Radiat Oncol. 2006;1:37 pubmed
    A protocol of electronic portal imaging (EPI) registration for the verification of radiation treatment fields has been implemented at our institution...
  46. Whittall J, Voelckel C, Kliebenstein D, Hodges S. Convergence, constraint and the role of gene expression during adaptive radiation: floral anthocyanins in Aquilegia. Mol Ecol. 2006;15:4645-57 pubmed
    ..These patterns support the hypothesis that rapid evolutionary change occurs largely through regulatory rather than structural mutations...
  47. Haveman J, Rodermond H, van Bree C, Wondergem J, Franken N. Residual late radiation damage in mouse stromal tissue assessed by the tumor bed effect. J Radiat Res. 2007;48:107-12 pubmed
    ..This effect is called Tumor Bed Effect (TBE) and can be used to assess the sensitivity of stromal tissue to radiation. We tested the ability of stromal tissue to recover from X-ray-induced damage as a function of the time interval ..
  48. Orescanin M, Toohey K, Insana M. Material properties from acoustic radiation force step response. J Acoust Soc Am. 2009;125:2928-36 pubmed publisher
    ..An acoustic radiation force is applied to deform the gel locally while Doppler pulses track the induced movement...
  49. Koll T, Feis S, Wright M, Teniola M, Richardson M, Robles A, et al. HSP90 inhibitor, DMAG, synergizes with radiation of lung cancer cells by interfering with base excision and ATM-mediated DNA repair. Mol Cancer Ther. 2008;7:1985-92 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that HSP90 inhibitor, 17-(dimethylaminoethylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (DMAG), is synergistic with radiation for non-small cell lung cancer cell lines, NCI-H460 and A549...
  50. Samuni A, DeGraff W, Cook J, Krishna M, Russo A, Mitchell J. The effects of antioxidants on radiation-induced apoptosis pathways in TK6 cells. Free Radic Biol Med. 2004;37:1648-55 pubmed
    This study was designed to determine if radiation-mediated activation of the apoptotic pathways would be influenced by antioxidants and if a correlation would be found between radioprotection and changes in transduction pathways...
  51. Garaj Vrhovac V, Kopjar N. The alkaline Comet assay as biomarker in assessment of DNA damage in medical personnel occupationally exposed to ionizing radiation. Mutagenesis. 2003;18:265-71 pubmed
    The alkaline Comet assay was selected as a biomarker of exposure to evaluate the ongoing exposure to ionizing radiation of 50 medical workers occupationally exposed to ionizing radiation and 50 corresponding unexposed control subjects...
  52. Pathak R, Sarma A, Sengupta B, Dey S, Khuda Bukhsh A. Response to high LET radiation 12C (LET, 295 keV/microm) in M5 cells, a radio resistant cell strain derived from Chinese hamster V79 cells. Int J Radiat Biol. 2007;83:53-63 pubmed
    ..However, the surviving fractions were higher in M5 cells in comparison to V79 cells when exposed to the same radiation doses...
  53. Smith H, Welsch M, Sasso R, Vaccaro A. Comparison of radiation exposure in lumbar pedicle screw placement with fluoroscopy vs computer-assisted image guidance with intraoperative three-dimensional imaging. J Spinal Cord Med. 2008;31:532-7 pubmed
    Little is known about the long-term effects of chronic exposure to ionizing radiation. Studies have shown that spine surgeons may be exposed to significantly more radiation than that observed in surgery on the appendicular skeleton...