perceptual distortion


Summary: Lack of correspondence between the way a stimulus is commonly perceived and the way an individual perceives it under given conditions.

Top Publications

  1. Konar Y, Bennett P, Sekuler A. Holistic processing is not correlated with face-identification accuracy. Psychol Sci. 2010;21:38-43 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings are inconsistent with the claim that holistic processing, as indexed by the composite face effect, significantly influences accuracy in a face-identification task. ..
  2. Henry M, McAuley J, Zaleha M. Evaluation of an imputed pitch velocity model of the auditory tau effect. Atten Percept Psychophys. 2009;71:1399-413 pubmed publisher
    ..In broader terms, these findings add support to the view that pitch and time relations in auditory patterns are fundamentally interdependent. ..
  3. Rhodes G, Jeffery L, Evangelista E, Ewing L, Peters M, Taylor L. Enhanced attention amplifies face adaptation. Vision Res. 2011;51:1811-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These results highlight the potential to facilitate adaptive updating of face-coding mechanisms by strategic deployment of attentional resources. ..
  4. Petkova V, Ehrsson H. If I were you: perceptual illusion of body swapping. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e3832 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results are of fundamental importance because they identify the perceptual processes that produce the feeling of ownership of one's body...
  5. Ehrsson H. The experimental induction of out-of-body experiences. Science. 2007;317:1048 pubmed
    ..This demonstrates that the experience of being localized within the physical body can be determined by the visual perspective in conjunction with correlated multisensory information from the body. ..
  6. Carbon C, Ditye T. Sustained effects of adaptation on the perception of familiar faces. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2011;37:615-25 pubmed publisher
    ..They also point toward multiple timescales in the operation of adaptation mechanisms, thereby providing a link between high-level adaptation and more general aspects of neuro-cognitive plasticity, that is, learning and memory. ..
  7. Benton C, Burgess E. The direction of measured face aftereffects. J Vis. 2008;8:1.1-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results support the view that face adaptation studies can meaningfully tap into the intrinsically multidimensional nature of our representation of facial identity. ..
  8. Bianchi I, Savardi U, Bertamini M. Estimation and representation of head size (people overestimate the size of their head - evidence starting from the 15th century). Br J Psychol. 2008;99:513-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Overestimation with respect to actual size is not found for hands (Experiment 4). In the final study evidence emerged of head size overestimation in self-portraits as compared to portraits of others. ..
  9. Lenggenhager B, Tadi T, Metzinger T, Blanke O. Video ergo sum: manipulating bodily self-consciousness. Science. 2007;317:1096-9 pubmed
    ..Our results indicate that spatial unity and bodily self-consciousness can be studied experimentally and are based on multisensory and cognitive processing of bodily information. ..

More Information


  1. McKone E, Martini P, Nakayama K. Categorical perception of face identity in noise isolates configural processing. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2001;27:573-99 pubmed
    ..Three discrimination tasks (ABX, better likeness, and similarity ratings) were used to test for perceptual distortion across the category boundary predicted from binary classification of face morphs...
  2. Gates G, Mills D, Nam B, D AGOSTINO R, Rubel E. Effects of age on the distortion product otoacoustic emission growth functions. Hear Res. 2002;163:53-60 pubmed
    ..This effect supports the hypothesis that strial dysfunction is a substantive factor in cochlear aging. The etiology and mechanisms for this dysfunction are conjectural at present. ..
  3. Kerzel D. Memory for the position of stationary objects: disentangling foveal bias and memory averaging. Vision Res. 2002;42:159-67 pubmed
    ..In contrast, a foveal bias was observed regardless of whether an additional object was present. ..
  4. Uddin L, Kaplan J, Molnar Szakacs I, Zaidel E, Iacoboni M. Self-face recognition activates a frontoparietal "mirror" network in the right hemisphere: an event-related fMRI study. Neuroimage. 2005;25:926-35 pubmed
    ..We provide a model that reconciles these findings and previously published work to account for the modulations in these two networks previously implicated in social cognition. ..
  5. Webster M, MacLin O. Figural aftereffects in the perception of faces. Psychon Bull Rev. 1999;6:647-53 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that in normal viewing, figural aftereffects may strongly influence form perception and could provide a novel method for probing properties of human face perception. ..
  6. Hole G, George P, Dunsmore V. Evidence for holistic processing of faces viewed as photographic negatives. Perception. 1999;28:341-59 pubmed
  7. Zhao L, Chubb C. The size-tuning of the face-distortion after-effect. Vision Res. 2001;41:2979-94 pubmed
  8. Aleman A, Bocker K, Hijman R, de Haan E, Kahn R. Cognitive basis of hallucinations in schizophrenia: role of top-down information processing. Schizophr Res. 2003;64:175-85 pubmed
    ..70, p=0.01. Although preliminary, this finding is consistent with recent theoretical proposals in which hallucinations have been suggested to result from an increased influence of top-down sensory expectations on conscious perception. ..
  9. Yamashita J, Hardy J, De Valois K, Webster M. Stimulus selectivity of figural aftereffects for faces. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2005;31:420-37 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that part of the sensitivity changes underlying the adaptation may arise at visual levels closely associated with the representation of faces. ..
  10. Watson T, Clifford C. Pulling faces: an investigation of the face-distortion aftereffect. Perception. 2003;32:1109-16 pubmed
    ..This pattern of results suggests that the face-distortion aftereffect is mediated by object-processing mechanisms including, but not restricted to, configurational face-processing mechanisms. ..
  11. Diedrichsen J, Werner S, Schmidt T, Trommershäuser J. Immediate spatial distortions of pointing movements induced by visual landmarks. Percept Psychophys. 2004;66:89-103 pubmed
    ..We argue that even early memory representations for pointing movements are influenced by visual information in the surrounding visual field. ..
  12. Morrone M, Ross J, Burr D. Saccadic eye movements cause compression of time as well as space. Nat Neurosci. 2005;8:950-4 pubmed
  13. Kanai R, Watanabe M. Visual onset expands subjective time. Percept Psychophys. 2006;68:1113-23 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that initial transient responses for a visual onset serve as a temporal marker for time estimation, and a systematic change in the processing time for onsets affects perceived time. ..
  14. Bourgeois J, Coello Y. Effect of visuomotor calibration and uncertainty on the perception of peripersonal space. Atten Percept Psychophys. 2012;74:1268-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these data suggest that the visual perception of reachable space depends on a motor-related perceptual system, which is affected by both visuomotor recalibration and reliability of the visuomotor system. ..
  15. Becker Weidman E, Reinecke M, JACOBS R, Martinovich Z, Silva S, March J. Predictors of hopelessness among clinically depressed youth. Behav Cogn Psychother. 2009;37:267-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Cognitive and familial factors predict those depressed youth who have high levels of hopelessness. ..
  16. Traboulsi R, Avan P. Transmission of infrasonic pressure waves from cerebrospinal to intralabyrinthine fluids through the human cochlear aqueduct: Non-invasive measurements with otoacoustic emissions. Hear Res. 2007;233:30-9 pubmed
    ..The fact that infrasonic CSF waves can be monitored through the cochlea opens diagnostic possibilities in neurology...
  17. Short L, Hatry A, Mondloch C. The development of norm-based coding and race-specific face prototypes: an examination of 5- and 8-year-olds' face space. J Exp Child Psychol. 2011;108:338-57 pubmed publisher
  18. Zhang Z, Cantor C, Schor C. Effects of luminance and saccadic suppression on perisaccadic spatial distortions. J Vis. 2008;8:22.1-18 pubmed publisher
    ..To explain these effects, we propose that stimulus-dependent nonlinearities (contrast gain control and saccadic suppression) influence the duration of the temporal impulse response of both single- and double-flashed stimuli. ..
  19. Bian L, Chen S. Behaviors of cubic distortion product otoacoustic emissions evoked by amplitude modulated tones. J Acoust Soc Am. 2011;129:828-39 pubmed publisher
    ..Nonlinear modulation is related to on-frequency carriers and off-frequency carriers are processed relatively linearly. ..
  20. Faralli M, Manzari L, Panichi R, Botti F, Ricci G, Longari F, et al. Subjective visual vertical before and after treatment of a BPPV episode. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2011;38:307-11 pubmed publisher
  21. Martin G, Stagner B, Lonsbury Martin B. Assessment of cochlear function in mice: distortion-product otoacoustic emissions. Curr Protoc Neurosci. 2006;Chapter 8:Unit8.21C pubmed publisher
    ..Examples of data analysis procedures following noise exposure in mice are included, as well. These methods are not only applicable to mice, but can be performed using essentially all small laboratory animals. ..
  22. Rhodes G, Louw K, Evangelista E. Perceptual adaptation to facial asymmetries. Psychon Bull Rev. 2009;16:503-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Parallel changes occurred for attractiveness. We suggest that perceptual adaptation may provide the proximate mechanism for an evolutionarily adaptive focus on FAs. ..
  23. Langdon P, Murphy G, Clare I, Steverson T, Palmer E. Relationships among moral reasoning, empathy, and distorted cognitions in men with intellectual disabilities and a history of criminal offending. Am J Intellect Dev Disabil. 2011;116:438-56 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings have implications for the use of psychological interventions with offenders with intellectual disabilities. ..
  24. Pfeiffer C, Lopez C, Schmutz V, Duenas J, Martuzzi R, Blanke O. Multisensory origin of the subjective first-person perspective: visual, tactile, and vestibular mechanisms. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e61751 pubmed publisher
  25. Braithwaite J, Broglia E, Brincat O, Stapley L, Wilkins A, Takahashi C. Signs of increased cortical hyperexcitability selectively associated with spontaneous anomalous bodily experiences in a nonclinical population. Cogn Neuropsychiatry. 2013;18:549-73 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study also establishes the clinical utility of the pattern-glare task for examining signs of aberrant visual connectivity in relation to visual hallucinations. ..
  26. Hood K. The influence of caregiver depressive symptoms on proxy report of youth depressive symptoms: a test of the depression-distortion hypothesis in pediatric type 1 diabetes. J Pediatr Psychol. 2009;34:294-303 pubmed publisher
    ..In contrast, caregivers with low CES-D scores reported similar levels as the youth. These results support the depression-distortion hypothesis in a pediatric chronic disease sample. ..
  27. Bennett A O M. Consciousness and hallucinations in schizophrenia: the role of synapse regression. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2008;42:915-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally the neural basis of attention and awareness of these hallucinations are considered for subjects suffering from schizophrenia, and a set of important questions posed that await elucidation through future experimental studies. ..
  28. Towle E, Garcia P, Smith P, Thomas R, Dunn A, Welch A, et al. Visual disruption using the thermal lensing effect in the human eye: pilot study. J Biomed Opt. 2012;17:105007 pubmed publisher
    ..While the description of the visual change varied between subjects, this experiment was able to determine a general guideline for power needed to induce significant effects in human subjects. ..
  29. Kikutani M, Roberson D, Hanley J. What's in the name? Categorical perception for unfamiliar faces can occur through labeling. Psychon Bull Rev. 2008;15:787-94 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that CP effects for unfamiliar faces can be observed extremely rapidly when clear category labels are presented. ..
  30. Øverås M, Kapstad H, Brunborg C, Landrø N, Lask B. Memory versus perception of body size in patients with anorexia nervosa and healthy controls. Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2014;22:109-15 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggest that anxiety plays a role in overestimation of body size in AN. This finding might inform treatment, suggesting that more focus should be aimed at the underlying anxiety. ..
  31. Ambrus G, Zimmer M, Kincses Z, Harza I, Kovacs G, Paulus W, et al. The enhancement of cortical excitability over the DLPFC before and during training impairs categorization in the prototype distortion task. Neuropsychologia. 2011;49:1974-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The prototype-effect, observable in the case of the sham stimulation group, was severed in all active stimulation conditions. ..
  32. Redding G, Wallace B. Prism adaptation in left-handers. Atten Percept Psychophys. 2011;73:1871-85 pubmed publisher
    ..A discussion then focuses on the implications of these data for a theory of handedness. ..
  33. Fuentes C, Runa C, Blanco X, Orvalho V, Haggard P. Does my face FIT?: a face image task reveals structure and distortions of facial feature representation. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e76805 pubmed publisher
    ..However, our results show that spatial knowledge of one's own face is remarkably poor, suggesting that face representation may not contribute strongly to self-awareness. ..
  34. Preston C, Newport R. How long is your arm? Using multisensory illusions to modify body image from the third person perspective. Perception. 2012;41:247-9 pubmed
    ..Multisensory illusions from the 3PP can alter body image when applied to real bodies...
  35. Hills P, Elward R, Lewis M. Cross-modal face identity aftereffects and their relation to priming. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2010;36:876-91 pubmed publisher
    ..The strongest aftereffects were found adapting to facial caricatures. These results are discussed in terms of cross-modal adaptation occurring at various loci within the face-recognition system analogous to priming. ..
  36. Wiebking C, Bauer A, de Greck M, Duncan N, Tempelmann C, Northoff G. Abnormal body perception and neural activity in the insula in depression: an fMRI study of the depressed "material me". World J Biol Psychiatry. 2010;11:538-49 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that these behavioural and neural abnormalities are closely related to these patients' somato-vegetative abnormalities and their abnormal "material me". ..
  37. Otgaar H, Smeets T, Van Bergen S. Picturing survival memories: enhanced memory after fitness-relevant processing occurs for verbal and visual stimuli. Mem Cognit. 2010;38:23-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The present findings support the idea that memory is enhanced by processing information in terms of fitness value, yet at the same time, the present results suggest that this may increase the risk for memory distortions. ..
  38. Shin K, Stolte M, Chong S. The effect of spatial attention on invisible stimuli. Atten Percept Psychophys. 2009;71:1507-13 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that spatial attention was able to increase the amount of adaptation to low- as well as to high-level invisible stimuli. These results suggest that attention can influence perceptual processes independent of visual awareness. ..
  39. Gaspar C, Sekuler A, Bennett P. Spatial frequency tuning of upright and inverted face identification. Vision Res. 2008;48:2817-26 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicate that the face inversion effect for identification judgments is not due to subjects using different bands of spatial frequencies to identify upright and inverted faces. ..
  40. Richler J, Tanaka J, Brown D, Gauthier I. Why does selective attention to parts fail in face processing?. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2008;34:1356-68 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these results cannot be accounted for by current perceptual or decisional accounts of holistic processing and suggest the existence of an attention-dependent mechanism that can integrate spatially separated face parts. ..
  41. Richler J, Cheung O, Wong A, Gauthier I. Does response interference contribute to face composite effects?. Psychon Bull Rev. 2009;16:258-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Interference was eliminated when composite halves were misaligned. These results suggest that, unlike Stroop effects, composite effects are not due to response interference. ..
  42. Farrer C, Franck N. [Sense of body in schizophrenia]. Encephale. 2009;35:43-51 pubmed publisher
    ..These symptoms, compared to other symptoms of schizophrenia do not reflect general self-recognition impairment but rather a specific impairment of the sense of agency. ..
  43. Coelho J, Carter J, McFarlane T, Polivy J. "Just looking at food makes me gain weight": experimental induction of thought-shape fusion in eating-disordered and non-eating-disordered women. Behav Res Ther. 2008;46:219-28 pubmed publisher
    ..Potential mechanisms for this pattern of results are discussed, and the clinical implications of research on TSF are also considered. ..
  44. Rossion B, Boremanse A. Nonlinear relationship between holistic processing of individual faces and picture-plane rotation: evidence from the face composite illusion. J Vis. 2008;8:3.1-13 pubmed publisher
  45. Johnston A, Bruno A, Watanabe J, Quansah B, Patel N, Dakin S, et al. Visually-based temporal distortion in dyslexia. Vision Res. 2008;48:1852-8 pubmed publisher
  46. Tokita M, Ishiguchi A. Effects of element features on discrimination of relative numerosity: comparison of search symmetry and asymmetry pairs. Psychol Res. 2010;74:99-109 pubmed publisher
  47. Dolgov I, Birchfield D, McBeath M, Thornburg H, Todd C. Amelioration of axis-aligned motion bias for active versus stationary judgments of bilaterally symmetric moving shapes' final destinations. Atten Percept Psychophys. 2009;71:523-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that our findings are ecologically consistent and that AAM is a natural regularity for which people have acquired a complementary perceptual-cognitive attunement: the AAM bias. ..
  48. Sisto R, Moleti A, Botti T, Bertaccini D, Shera C. Distortion products and backward-traveling waves in nonlinear active models of the cochlea. J Acoust Soc Am. 2011;129:3141-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the above-mentioned experiments do not contradict "classical" models of cochlear mechanics and of distortion-product generation. ..
  49. Caputo G. Apparitional experiences of new faces and dissociation of self-identity during mirror gazing. Percept Mot Skills. 2010;110:1125-38 pubmed
    ..This effect may be termed "conscious dissociation of self-identity" to distinguish it from pathological unconscious dissociative identity disorder. ..
  50. Nicholls M, Hadgraft N, Chapman H, Loftus A, Robertson J, Bradshaw J. A hit-and-miss investigation of asymmetries in wheelchair navigation. Atten Percept Psychophys. 2010;72:1576-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Rightward mis-bisection was observed in both conditions. Rightward mis-bisection of lines in extrapersonal space provides the most parsimonious explanation of the rightward collisions and deviations. ..
  51. Marshall A, Sippel L, Belleau E. Negatively biased emotion perception in depression as a contributing factor to psychological aggression perpetration: a preliminary study. J Psychol. 2011;145:521-35 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that negatively biased perception of emotional expressions within the context of elevated depressive symptoms may represent an early stage of information processing that leads to aggressive relationship behaviors. ..
  52. Norman J, Bartholomew A, Burton C. Aging preserves the ability to perceive 3D object shape from static but not deforming boundary contours. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2008;129:198-207 pubmed publisher
    ..e., moving) silhouettes. The reduced ability of older observers to perceive 3D shape from motion is probably due to a low-level deterioration in the ability to detect and discriminate motion itself. ..
  53. Rogers A, Burke S, Kopun J, Tan H, Neely S, Gorga M. Influence of calibration method on distortion-product otoacoustic emission measurements: II. threshold prediction. Ear Hear. 2010;31:546-54 pubmed publisher
    ..In total, these results suggest that SPL calibrations may be adequate when attempting to predict pure-tone thresholds from DPOAEs, despite the fact that they are known to be susceptible to errors associated with standing waves. ..