mental processes


Summary: Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.

Top Publications

  1. Arciuli J, Simpson I. Statistical learning is lasting and consistent over time. Neurosci Lett. 2012;517:133-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Future research might use the methodology we report here to examine whether similarly stable levels of SL can be observed in individuals with language impairment, such as those with SLI and dyslexia, compared with typical peers. ..
  2. Gervais W, Norenzayan A. Analytic thinking promotes religious disbelief. Science. 2012;336:493-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Although these findings do not speak directly to conversations about the inherent rationality, value, or truth of religious beliefs, they illuminate one cognitive factor that may influence such discussions. ..
  3. Critchley H, Harrison N. Visceral influences on brain and behavior. Neuron. 2013;77:624-38 pubmed publisher
    b>Mental processes and their neural substrates are intimately linked to the homeostatic control of internal bodily state. There are a set of distinct interoceptive pathways that directly and indirectly influence brain functions...
  4. Tzur G, Berger A, Luria R, Posner M. Theta synchrony supports Weber-Fechner and Stevens' Laws for error processing, uniting high and low mental processes. Psychophysiology. 2010;47:758-66 pubmed publisher
  5. Strait D, Hornickel J, Kraus N. Subcortical processing of speech regularities underlies reading and music aptitude in children. Behav Brain Funct. 2011;7:44 pubmed publisher
    ..Definition of common biological underpinnings for music and reading supports the usefulness of music for promoting child literacy, with the potential to improve reading remediation. ..
  6. Janoos F, Machiraju R, Singh S, Morocz I. Spatio-temporal models of mental processes from fMRI. Neuroimage. 2011;57:362-77 pubmed publisher
    Understanding the highly complex, spatially distributed and temporally organized phenomena entailed by mental processes using functional MRI is an important research problem in cognitive and clinical neuroscience...
  7. Arsalidou M, Taylor M. Is 2+2=4? Meta-analyses of brain areas needed for numbers and calculations. Neuroimage. 2011;54:2382-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Given the current knowledge, we propose an updated topographical brain atlas of mental arithmetic with improved interpretative power. ..
  8. Holt D, Cassidy B, Andrews Hanna J, Lee S, Coombs G, Goff D, et al. An anterior-to-posterior shift in midline cortical activity in schizophrenia during self-reflection. Biol Psychiatry. 2011;69:415-23 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings provide support for the hypothesis that aberrant midline cortical function contributes to social cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. ..
  9. Joormann J, Gotlib I. Emotion regulation in depression: relation to cognitive inhibition. Cogn Emot. 2010;24:281-98 pubmed publisher

Scientific Experts

More Information


  1. Tononi G. Information integration: its relevance to brain function and consciousness. Arch Ital Biol. 2010;148:299-322 pubmed
  2. Klein E, Moeller K, Nuerk H, Willmes K. On the neuro-cognitive foundations of basic auditory number processing: an fMRI study. Behav Brain Funct. 2010;6:42 pubmed publisher
  3. Raposo A, Vicens L, Clithero J, Dobbins I, Huettel S. Contributions of frontopolar cortex to judgments about self, others and relations. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2011;6:260-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the data demonstrate a role for lateral FPC in the social domain, provided that the task requires the integration of one's preferences with those of others. ..
  4. Vergauwe E, Barrouillet P, Camos V. Do mental processes share a domain-general resource?. Psychol Sci. 2010;21:384-90 pubmed publisher
    ..The observed trade-offs suggest strongly that verbal and visuospatial activities compete for a common domain-general pool of resources. ..
  5. Ecker U, Lewandowsky S, Swire B, Chang D. Correcting false information in memory: manipulating the strength of misinformation encoding and its retraction. Psychon Bull Rev. 2011;18:570-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We present a simple computational model based on random sampling that captures this effect pattern, and conclude that the continued influence effect seems to defy most attempts to eliminate it. ..
  6. Tomasino B, Skrap M, Rumiati R. Causal role of the sensorimotor cortex in action simulation: neuropsychological evidence. J Cogn Neurosci. 2011;23:2068-78 pubmed publisher
    ..The data provide conclusive evidence for a causal role of the sensorimotor cortex in the continuous update of sensorimotor representations while individuals mentally simulate motor acts. ..
  7. Hanczakowski M, Mazzoni G. Both differences in encoding processes and monitoring at retrieval reduce false alarms when distinctive information is studied. Memory. 2011;19:280-9 pubmed publisher
  8. Pfurtscheller G, Bauernfeind G, Wriessnegger S, Neuper C. Focal frontal (de)oxyhemoglobin responses during simple arithmetic. Int J Psychophysiol. 2010;76:186-92 pubmed publisher
    ..These observations were discussed within the context of "focal activation/surround deactivation". ..
  9. Jones N, Fertout M, Parsloe L, Greenberg N. An evaluation of the psychological impact of operational rest and recuperation in United Kingdom Armed Forces personnel: a post-intervention survey. J R Soc Med. 2013;106:447-55 pubmed publisher
  10. Molina V, Blanco J. A proposal for reframing schizophrenia research. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2013;201:744-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, a new frame based on identification of correlates of the most replicated biological anomalies in schizophrenia to date may contribute to overcome those difficulties. ..
  11. Carota A, Marangolo P, Markowitsch H, Calabrese P. When solving 22-7 is much more difficult than 99-12. Neurocase. 2013;19:54-66 pubmed publisher
    ..A deficit in subtractions with borrowing might be related to left-hemispheric damage involving thalamo-cortical connections. ..
  12. Hirakawa M, Fukada H, Tsukawaki R, Higuchi M. [Studies regarding the goals of indirect request]. Shinrigaku Kenkyu. 2012;82:532-9 pubmed
    ..Therefore, we concluded that these four goals which have positive effects are reasonable goals for indirect requests. ..
  13. Cohen Zion M, Shabi A, Levy S, Glasner L, Wiener A. Effects of Partial Sleep Deprivation on Information Processing Speed in Adolescence. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2016;22:388-98 pubmed publisher
    ..The functional implications of these findings may be particularly relevant to teens, who are often sleep deprived and are constantly required to process academic, social, and emotional input. ..
  14. Jalili M, Barzegaran E, Knyazeva M. Synchronization of EEG: bivariate and multivariate measures. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2014;22:212-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Onemust consider these properties together with the fact thatMM are computationally less expensive and, therefore, more efficient for the large-scale data sets than BM while choosing a synchronization measure for EEG analysis. ..
  15. MacNeill E, Vashist S. Approach to syncope and altered mental status. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2013;60:1083-106 pubmed publisher
    ..This will help practitioners recognize the life-threatening causes of these frightening presentations as well as help avoid unnecessary testing for the more benign causes. ..
  16. De Martino B, Bobadilla Suarez S, Nouguchi T, Sharot T, Love B. Social Information Is Integrated into Value and Confidence Judgments According to Its Reliability. J Neurosci. 2017;37:6066-6074 pubmed publisher
  17. Vatansever D, Menon D, Stamatakis E. Default mode contributions to automated information processing. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017;114:12821-12826 pubmed publisher
    Concurrent with mental processes that require rigorous computation and control, a series of automated decisions and actions govern our daily lives, providing efficient and adaptive responses to environmental demands...
  18. Rudner M, Karlsson T, Gunnarsson J, Ronnberg J. Levels of processing and language modality specificity in working memory. Neuropsychologia. 2013;51:656-66 pubmed publisher
    ..The overall pattern of sign-specific activations may reflect a relative intermodality difference in the relationship between phonology and semantics influencing working memory storage and processing. ..
  19. Rotem A, Henik A. The development of product parity sensitivity in children with mathematics learning disability and in typical achievers. Res Dev Disabil. 2013;34:831-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Similar to observations in adults, parity sensitivity was largest for problems with two even operands, moderate for problems with one even and one odd operand, and smallest for problems with two odd operands. ..
  20. Cella M, Wykes T. Understanding processing speed--its subcomponents and their relationship to characteristics of people with schizophrenia. Cogn Neuropsychiatry. 2013;18:437-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Distinguishing between behavioural, processing, and accuracy may be a useful way forward to refine our understanding of processing speed impairment in schizophrenia. ..
  21. Bains W. Comment on "Orthographic processing in baboons (Papio papio)". Science. 2012;337:1173; author reply 1173 pubmed publisher
    ..This ability can also be attributed to baboons being able to recognize specific letters (i.e., shapes) in specific positions in their four-letter words, without reference to letter or bigram frequencies...
  22. Koriat A, Adiv S. Confidence in one's social beliefs: implications for belief justification. Conscious Cogn. 2012;21:1599-616 pubmed publisher
    ..The results were discussed in relation to major epistemological theories--foundationalism, coherentism and reliabilism. ..
  23. Gondan M, Blurton S. Generalizations of the race model inequality. Multisens Res. 2013;26:95-122 pubmed
    ..Compared to the standard RMI, statistical power of these interaction contrasts is satisfactory, even for small onset asynchronies. ..
  24. Wilhelm P, van Diepen M, Nieuwenhuis L, Boulogne T. [The effect of energy drinks on the cognitive performance of adolescents]. Tijdschr Psychiatr. 2013;55:57-62 pubmed
  25. Fogerty D, Kewley Port D, Humes L. Temporal offset judgments for concurrent vowels by young, middle-aged, and older adults. J Acoust Soc Am. 2012;131:EL499-505 pubmed publisher
    ..For older listeners, correlations with various temporal processing tasks indicated that vowel temporal-order thresholds were related to multiplicity, while age and non-speech gap-detection thresholds were related to gap-identification. ..
  26. Brindal E, Baird D, Slater A, Danthiir V, Wilson C, Bowen J, et al. The effect of beverages varying in glycaemic load on postprandial glucose responses, appetite and cognition in 10-12-year-old school children. Br J Nutr. 2013;110:529-37 pubmed publisher
    ..Altering GL of drinks by reducing carbohydrate and increasing protein did not affect appetite or cognition in children. Girls may demonstrate improved short-term memory after consuming beverages with higher protein and lower GL. ..
  27. Wright N, Symmonds M, Hodgson K, FitzGerald T, Crawford B, Dolan R. Approach-avoidance processes contribute to dissociable impacts of risk and loss on choice. J Neurosci. 2012;32:7009-20 pubmed publisher
    ..This can provide a novel explanation for how risk influences action selection and explains both classically described choice behavior as well as behavioral patterns not predicted by existing theory. ..
  28. Vintiadis E. A frame of mind from psychiatry. Med Health Care Philos. 2015;18:523-32 pubmed publisher
  29. Whitfield Gabrieli S, Nieto Castanon A. Conn: a functional connectivity toolbox for correlated and anticorrelated brain networks. Brain Connect. 2012;2:125-41 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicate that the CompCor method increases the sensitivity and selectivity of fcMRI analysis, and show a high degree of interscan reliability for many fcMRI measures. ..
  30. Gonzalez J, Soma H, Sekine M, Yu W. Psycho-physiological assessment of a prosthetic hand sensory feedback system based on an auditory display: a preliminary study. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2012;9:33 pubmed publisher
    ..Also, the NASA TLX, the EEG's Alpha and Beta band, and the Heart Rate could be used to further evaluate sensory feedback systems in prosthetic applications. ..
  31. Gliksman Y, Weinbach N, Henik A. Alerting cues enhance the subitizing process. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2016;170:139-45 pubmed publisher
    ..e., presenting quantities in a canonical array), a subitizing-like pattern was revealed in quantities beyond the subitizing range. ..
  32. Hoffman R, AL ABSI M. Working memory and speed of information processing in chronic khat users: preliminary findings. Eur Addict Res. 2013;19:1-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The finding is consistent with results seen by several investigators in samples of methamphetamine users. ..
  33. Mammarella I, Caviola S, Cornoldi C, Lucangeli D. Mental additions and verbal-domain interference in children with developmental dyscalculia. Res Dev Disabil. 2013;34:2845-55 pubmed publisher
    ..The performance pattern in the two DD groups was found to be similar. The theoretical, clinical and educational implications of these findings are discussed. ..
  34. Basar E. A review of alpha activity in integrative brain function: fundamental physiology, sensory coding, cognition and pathology. Int J Psychophysiol. 2012;86:1-24 pubmed publisher
    ..In essence, the gamut of the survey includes a multiplicity of evidence on functional correlates in sensory processing, cognition, memory and vegetative system, including the spinal cord and heart. ..
  35. Vriend J, Davidson F, Corkum P, Rusak B, Chambers C, McLaughlin E. Manipulating sleep duration alters emotional functioning and cognitive performance in children. J Pediatr Psychol. 2013;38:1058-69 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings demonstrate the important impact of sleep duration on children's daytime functioning. ..
  36. Ranheim A, Karner A, Berterö C. Caring theory and practice--entering a simultaneous concept analysis. Nurs Forum. 2012;47:78-90 pubmed publisher
  37. Conde Sousa E, Aguiar P. A working memory model for serial order that stores information in the intrinsic excitability properties of neurons. J Comput Neurosci. 2013;35:187-99 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the working memory model is adequate for storing completely new information, in time windows compatible with the notion of "one-shot" learning (hundreds of milliseconds). ..
  38. Fields C. Metaphorical motion in mathematical reasoning: further evidence for pre-motor implementation of structure mapping in abstract domains. Cogn Process. 2013;14:217-29 pubmed publisher
    ..Available functional imaging studies of multi-digit arithmetic, algebra, geometry and calculus problem solving are consistent with this expectation. ..
  39. Wang H, Jin Y, Hendrie H, Liang C, Yang L, Cheng Y, et al. Late life leisure activities and risk of cognitive decline. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2013;68:205-13 pubmed publisher
    ..The same pattern was observed in men and in women. Leisure activities in old age may protect against cognitive decline for both women and men, and different types of activities seem to benefit different cognitive domains. ..
  40. Haun D, Van Leeuwen E, Edelson M. Majority influence in children and other animals. Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2013;3:61-71 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition to streamlining future research efforts, we aim to create a conceptual platform for productive exchanges across the related disciplines of developmental and comparative psychology. ..
  41. Heydari M, Boutcher Y, Boutcher S. The effects of high-intensity intermittent exercise training on cardiovascular response to mental and physical challenge. Int J Psychophysiol. 2013;87:141-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Forearm blood flow was significantly increased during the first two minutes of Stroop (p<0.05). HIIE induced significant cardiovascular and autonomic changes at rest and during mental and physical challenge after 12weeks of training. ..
  42. Lacy M, Baldassarre M, Nader T, Frim D. Parent ratings of executive functioning in children with shunted hydrocephalus. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2012;48:73-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The parents of children with a history of shunted hydrocephalus report ongoing executive difficulties which may increase with age. ..
  43. Blacker K, Curby K. Enhanced visual short-term memory in action video game players. Atten Percept Psychophys. 2013;75:1128-36 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings are inconsistent with a speed-of-processing account of this advantage. An alternative, attentional account, grounded in the existing literature on the visuo-cognitive consequences of video game play, is discussed. ..
  44. Harris N, Brazeau J, Clarkson A, Brownlee K, Rawana E. Adolescents' experiences of a strengths-based treatment program for substance abuse. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2012;44:390-7 pubmed
    ..Implications for future research are discussed. ..
  45. de la Rosa S, Giese M, Bülthoff H, Curio C. The contribution of different cues of facial movement to the emotional facial expression adaptation aftereffect. J Vis. 2013;13:23 pubmed publisher
    ..Together these results suggest that processes encoding facial expressions are differently tuned to different sources of facial movements. ..
  46. Bays R, Foley M, Zabrucky K. Timing does matter: examining imagery's impact on the temporal origins of false beliefs. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2013;142:30-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Because diminished false beliefs cannot be mistaken as veridical memories reconstructed during imagery, they are less subject to criticisms of traditional false belief studies using self-report measures. ..
  47. Bowers J, Davis C. Bayesian just-so stories in psychology and neuroscience. Psychol Bull. 2012;138:389-414 pubmed publisher
  48. Jones R, Marsiske M, Ball K, Rebok G, Willis S, Morris J, et al. The ACTIVE cognitive training interventions and trajectories of performance among older adults. J Aging Health. 2013;25:186S-208S pubmed publisher
    ..Training can appear to accelerate age-related change, because change over time is coupled with loss of training gains. Our analysis is limited by follow-up that is short for precisely characterizing aging-related change. ..
  49. Barrouillet P, Thevenot C. On the problem-size effect in small additions: can we really discard any counting-based account?. Cognition. 2013;128:35-44 pubmed publisher
    ..This interpretation is corroborated by the analysis of individual differences. ..
  50. Scott J, Woods S, Vigil O, Heaton R, Grant I, Ellis R, et al. Script generation of activities of daily living in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2011;17:740-5 pubmed
    ..These findings are generally consistent with the executive dysfunction and slowing common in HAND and suggest that script generation may play a role in everyday functioning problems in HIV. ..
  51. Markov N, Ercsey Ravasz M, Van Essen D, Knoblauch K, Toroczkai Z, Kennedy H. Cortical high-density counterstream architectures. Science. 2013;342:1238406 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we propose a bow-tie representation of interareal architecture derived from the hierarchical laminar weights of pathways between the high-efficiency dense core and periphery. ..
  52. Winer E, Salem T. Reward devaluation: Dot-probe meta-analytic evidence of avoidance of positive information in depressed persons. Psychol Bull. 2016;142:18-78 pubmed publisher
    ..These novel findings and theory suggest that avoidance of prospective reward helps to explain the cause and sustainability of depressed states. Suggestions for future research and methodological advances are discussed. ..
  53. Grainger J, Dufau S, Montant M, Ziegler J, Fagot J. Orthographic processing in baboons (Papio papio). Science. 2012;336:245-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results demonstrate that basic orthographic processing skills can be acquired in the absence of preexisting linguistic representations...