musculoskeletal equilibrium

Summary

Summary: A state of the body being evenly balanced in POSTURE. The biomechanical responses of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM during standing, walking, sitting, and other movements.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Objectively measured physical capability levels and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Rachel Cooper
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing and Division of Population Health, University College London, London WC1B 5JU
    BMJ 341:c4467. 2010
  2. ncbi Lower extremity function and subsequent disability: consistency across studies, predictive models, and value of gait speed alone compared with the short physical performance battery
    J M Guralnik
    Epidemiology, Demography and Biometry Program, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 9205, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 55:M221-31. 2000
  3. ncbi Control of fast-reaching movements by muscle synergy combinations
    Andrea d'Avella
    Department of Neuromotor Physiology, Santa Lucia Foundation, 00179 Rome, Italy
    J Neurosci 26:7791-810. 2006
  4. ncbi Age- and gender-related test performance in community-dwelling elderly people: Six-Minute Walk Test, Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up & Go Test, and gait speeds
    Teresa M Steffen
    Program in Physical Therapy, Concordia University Wisconsin, 12800 N Lake Shore Dr, Mequon, WI 53097, USA
    Phys Ther 82:128-37. 2002
  5. ncbi A physiological profile approach to falls risk assessment and prevention
    Stephen R Lord
    Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, University of New South Wales, Barker Street, Randwick, New South Wales, 2031, Australia
    Phys Ther 83:237-52. 2003
  6. pmc Human postural sway results from frequent, ballistic bias impulses by soleus and gastrocnemius
    Ian D Loram
    Applied Physiology Research Group, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    J Physiol 564:295-311. 2005
  7. ncbi Attention and the control of posture and gait: a review of an emerging area of research
    Marjorie Woollacott
    Department of Exercise and Movement Science, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Gait Posture 16:1-14. 2002
  8. ncbi Postural orientation and equilibrium: what do we need to know about neural control of balance to prevent falls?
    Fay B Horak
    Neurological Sciences Institute of Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA
    Age Ageing 35:ii7-ii11. 2006
  9. pmc Randomised controlled trial of a general practice programme of home based exercise to prevent falls in elderly women
    A J Campbell
    Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, Otago Medical School, New Zealand
    BMJ 315:1065-9. 1997
  10. ncbi Validity and reliability of the Nintendo Wii Balance Board for assessment of standing balance
    Ross A Clark
    Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria 3010, Australia
    Gait Posture 31:307-10. 2010

Research Grants

  1. PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL POSTURAL DISORDERS IN THE ELDERLY
    FAY BAHLING HORAK; Fiscal Year: 2013
  2. PREVENTION OF NEUROMOTOR DEFICITS WITH CHELATION THERAPY
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2000
  3. WORKLOAD EFFECT ON TASK PERFORMANCE ON INCLINED SURFACE
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 1999
  4. PREDICTIVE MODELING OF SLIPS AND FALLS
    Rakie Cham; Fiscal Year: 1999
  5. Ontogeny of spatial coding in the mouse utricle
    Timothy Jones; Fiscal Year: 2005
  6. Next-day Behavioral Effects of Trazodone
    Anthony Liguori; Fiscal Year: 2009
  7. LONG-TERM LORAZEPAM USE AND ACUTE TOXICITY IN THE AGED
    Nunzio Pomara; Fiscal Year: 2005
  8. ROLE OF POSTURAL STABILITY IN INDUSTRIAL FALLS
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 1992
  9. MINORITY PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM
    PAULA YIM CHIPLIS; Fiscal Year: 2004
  10. DYNAMIC POSTURAL EQUILIBRIUM
    STEVEN BOKER; Fiscal Year: 2003

Detail Information

Publications321 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Objectively measured physical capability levels and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Rachel Cooper
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing and Division of Population Health, University College London, London WC1B 5JU
    BMJ 341:c4467. 2010
    ....
  2. ncbi Lower extremity function and subsequent disability: consistency across studies, predictive models, and value of gait speed alone compared with the short physical performance battery
    J M Guralnik
    Epidemiology, Demography and Biometry Program, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 9205, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 55:M221-31. 2000
    ....
  3. ncbi Control of fast-reaching movements by muscle synergy combinations
    Andrea d'Avella
    Department of Neuromotor Physiology, Santa Lucia Foundation, 00179 Rome, Italy
    J Neurosci 26:7791-810. 2006
    ....
  4. ncbi Age- and gender-related test performance in community-dwelling elderly people: Six-Minute Walk Test, Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up & Go Test, and gait speeds
    Teresa M Steffen
    Program in Physical Therapy, Concordia University Wisconsin, 12800 N Lake Shore Dr, Mequon, WI 53097, USA
    Phys Ther 82:128-37. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to provide data for 4 common clinical tests in a sample of community-dwelling older adults...
  5. ncbi A physiological profile approach to falls risk assessment and prevention
    Stephen R Lord
    Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, University of New South Wales, Barker Street, Randwick, New South Wales, 2031, Australia
    Phys Ther 83:237-52. 2003
    ..The PPA provides valid and reliable measurements that can be used for assessing falls risk and evaluating the effectiveness of interventions and is suitable for use in a range of physical therapy and health care settings...
  6. pmc Human postural sway results from frequent, ballistic bias impulses by soleus and gastrocnemius
    Ian D Loram
    Applied Physiology Research Group, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    J Physiol 564:295-311. 2005
    ..These results complement and extend our recent demonstration that paradoxical muscle movements are the norm in human standing...
  7. ncbi Attention and the control of posture and gait: a review of an emerging area of research
    Marjorie Woollacott
    Department of Exercise and Movement Science, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Gait Posture 16:1-14. 2002
    ..g. Parkinson's disease) on the ability to allocate attention to postural tasks and appear to be sensitive measures in both predicting fall risk and in documenting recovery of stability...
  8. ncbi Postural orientation and equilibrium: what do we need to know about neural control of balance to prevent falls?
    Fay B Horak
    Neurological Sciences Institute of Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA
    Age Ageing 35:ii7-ii11. 2006
    ..The effective rehabilitation of balance to improve mobility and to prevent falls requires a better understanding of the multiple mechanisms underlying postural control...
  9. pmc Randomised controlled trial of a general practice programme of home based exercise to prevent falls in elderly women
    A J Campbell
    Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, Otago Medical School, New Zealand
    BMJ 315:1065-9. 1997
    ..To assess the effectiveness of a home exercise programme of strength and balance retraining exercises in reducing falls and injuries in elderly women...
  10. ncbi Validity and reliability of the Nintendo Wii Balance Board for assessment of standing balance
    Ross A Clark
    Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria 3010, Australia
    Gait Posture 31:307-10. 2010
    ..Given that the WBB is portable, widely available and a fraction of the cost of a FP, it could provide the average clinician with a standing balance assessment tool suitable for the clinical setting...
  11. pmc Subject-specific muscle synergies in human balance control are consistent across different biomechanical contexts
    Gelsy Torres-Oviedo
    The Wallace H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Tech and Emory University, 313 Ferst Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322 0535, USA
    J Neurophysiol 103:3084-98. 2010
    ..Taken together, our results suggest that muscle synergies represent consistent motor modules that map intention to action, regardless of the biomechanical context of the task...
  12. pmc The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) to differentiate balance deficits
    Fay B Horak
    Department of Neurology, Oregon Health and Sciences University, West Campus, Building 1, 505 NW 185th Ave, Beaverton, OR 97006 3499, USA
    Phys Ther 89:484-98. 2009
    ..By identifying the disordered systems underlying balance control, therapists can direct specific types of intervention for different types of balance problems...
  13. ncbi Clinical measurement of sit-to-stand performance in people with balance disorders: validity of data for the Five-Times-Sit-to-Stand Test
    Susan L Whitney
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, 6035 Forbes Tower, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Phys Ther 85:1034-45. 2005
    ..The FTSST was compared with the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC) and the Dynamic Gait Index (DGI)...
  14. ncbi Test-retest reliability and minimal detectable change on balance and ambulation tests, the 36-item short-form health survey, and the unified Parkinson disease rating scale in people with parkinsonism
    Teresa Steffen
    Program in Physical Therapy, Concordia University Wisconsin, Mequon, WI, USA
    Phys Ther 88:733-46. 2008
    ..Test and the Sharpened Romberg Test (SRT) with eyes open and closed, the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale, the Six-Minute Walk Test (6MWT), comfortable and fast gait speed, the Timed "Up & Go" Test (TUG), the Medical..
  15. ncbi Will my patient fall?
    David A Ganz
    Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, Los Angeles, Calif 90073, USA
    JAMA 297:77-86. 2007
    ..However, clinical consensus suggests reserving these interventions for high-risk patients. Limiting fall prevention programs to high-risk patients implies that clinicians must recognize features that predict future falls...
  16. ncbi The clinical utility of posturography
    Jasper E Visser
    Department of Neurology, Parkinson Center Nijmegen ParC, Donders Center for Neuroscience, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, P O Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Clin Neurophysiol 119:2424-36. 2008
    ..We critically review the shortcomings of posturography as it is presently used, and conclude with several recommendations for future research...
  17. ncbi The condition for dynamic stability
    A L Hof
    Institute of Human Movement Sciences, University of Groningen, University Hospital, PO Box 196, AD Groningen 9700, The Netherlands
    J Biomech 38:1-8. 2005
    ..Some experimental data of subjects standing on one or two feet, flatfoot and tiptoe, are presented to give an idea of the usual ranges of these margins of stability. Example data on walking are also presented...
  18. ncbi The test-retest reliability of centre of pressure measures in bipedal static task conditions--a systematic review of the literature
    Alexander Ruhe
    Murdoch University, Praxis fuer Chiropraktik Wolfsburg, Porschestrasse 1, 38440 Wolfsburg, Germany
    Gait Posture 32:436-45. 2010
    ..Conflicting data have been reported over the past 20 years regarding the reliability of COP measures and no standard procedure for COP measure use in study design has been established...
  19. ncbi Predictors of future falls in Parkinson disease
    G K Kerr
    School of Human Movement Studies, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Royal Brisbane and Women s Hospital, Queensland, Australia
    Neurology 75:116-24. 2010
    ..The primary aim of this study was to prospectively determine an optimal combination of functional and disease-specific tests to predict falls in individuals with PD...
  20. ncbi A limited set of muscle synergies for force control during a postural task
    Lena H Ting
    Wallace H Coulter Dept of Biomedical Engineering at Georgia Tech and Emory Univ, 313 Ferst Dr, Atlanta, GA 30322 0535, USA
    J Neurophysiol 93:609-13. 2005
    ..We suggest that, within the context of active balance control, postural synergies reflect a neural command signal that specifies endpoint force of a limb...
  21. ncbi Body weight is a strong predictor of postural stability
    Olivier Hue
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Division of Kinesiology, Laval University, PEPS, Quebec G1K 7P4, Canada
    Gait Posture 26:32-8. 2007
    ..Future studies should examine more closely the combined effect of aging and obesity on falling and injuries and the impact of obesity on the diverse range of activities of daily living...
  22. ncbi Humans use internal models to construct and update a sense of verticality
    Julien Barra
    Laboratoire de Psychologie et Neuropsychologie Cognitive, Universite Paris Descartes, FRE 3292, France
    Brain 133:3552-63. 2010
    ..We conclude that humans construct and update internal models of verticality in which somatosensory information plays an important role...
  23. ncbi An update on falls
    Bastiaan R Bloem
    Department of Neurology, University Medical Centre St Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Curr Opin Neurol 16:15-26. 2003
    ..In addition, falls pose high costs to the public health service. For these reasons, falls remain a popular topic for research. Here, we review several interesting developments that have been published during the past year...
  24. ncbi Attentional demands for postural control: the effects of aging and sensory reintegration
    N Teasdale
    Departement de Medecine sociale et preventive, Division de kinesiologie, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada G1K 7P4
    Gait Posture 14:203-10. 2001
    ....
  25. ncbi Walking speed, cadence and step length are selected to optimize the stability of head and pelvis accelerations
    Mark D Latt
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, NSW, Australia
    Exp Brain Res 184:201-9. 2008
    ..The findings suggest that healthy young people walk in a manner that maximizes V and AP stability while maintaining adequate, though suboptimal ML stability...
  26. ncbi Choice stepping reaction time: a composite measure of falls risk in older people
    S R Lord
    Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, Sydney, Australia
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 56:M627-32. 2001
    ..This study investigated the neuropsychological, sensorimotor, speed, and balance contributions to a new test of choice stepping reaction time (CSRT) and determined whether this new test is an important predictor of falls in older people...
  27. ncbi Early and progressive sensorimotor anomalies in mice overexpressing wild-type human alpha-synuclein
    Sheila M Fleming
    Department of Neurology, The Mental Retardation Research Center, The David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 1769, USA
    J Neurosci 24:9434-40. 2004
    ..These behavioral deficits provide a useful way to assess novel drug therapy in genetic models of synucleinopathies...
  28. ncbi Disorders of balance and vestibular function in US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2004
    Yuri Agrawal
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 601 N Caroline St, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:938-44. 2009
    ....
  29. ncbi The effectiveness of exercise interventions for people with Parkinson's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Victoria A Goodwin
    Primary Care Research Group, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Mov Disord 23:631-40. 2008
    ..Questions remain around the optimal content of exercise interventions (dosing, component exercises) at different stages of the disease...
  30. ncbi Postural stability in the elderly: a comparison between fallers and non-fallers
    I Melzer
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev and Key Institute of Education, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Age Ageing 33:602-7. 2004
    ..the identification of specific risk factors for falls in community-dwelling elderly persons is required to identify older people at risk of falling...
  31. ncbi A clinical test of stepping and change of direction to identify multiple falling older adults
    Wayne Dite
    Royal Talbot Rehabilitation Centre, Physiotherapy Department, RMIT University, Faculty of Life Sciences, School of Medical Sciences, Melbourne, Australia
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 83:1566-71. 2002
    ....
  32. ncbi The effect of Tai Chi on health outcomes in patients with chronic conditions: a systematic review
    Chenchen Wang
    Center for Clinical Evidence Synthesis, Division of Clinical Care Research, Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Arch Intern Med 164:493-501. 2004
    ..To conduct a systematic review of reports on the physical and psychological effects of Tai Chi on various chronic medical conditions...
  33. ncbi Toward a new theory of motor synergies
    Mark L Latash
    Dept of Kinesiology, Pennyslvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Motor Control 11:276-308. 2007
    ..We show how this concept establishes links between the various accounts for how movement is organized in redundant effector systems...
  34. ncbi Accelerometers in rehabilitation medicine for older adults
    K M Culhane
    Biomedical Electronics Laboratory, Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland
    Age Ageing 34:556-60. 2005
    ..The challenge facing clinicians and biomedical engineers is to further harness this technology making it part of everyday clinical practice...
  35. ncbi Measures of postural steadiness: differences between healthy young and elderly adults
    T E Prieto
    Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53226, USA
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 43:956-66. 1996
    ..The results of this study will be useful to researchers and clinicians using COP-based measures to evaluate postural steadiness...
  36. ncbi Otago home-based strength and balance retraining improves executive functioning in older fallers: a randomized controlled trial
    Teresa Liu-Ambrose
    Centre for Hip Health, Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:1821-30. 2008
    ....
  37. ncbi Enhanced somatosensory information decreases postural sway in older people
    F Qiu
    Movement Neuroscience Program, Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation Domain, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Gait Posture 35:630-5. 2012
    ..Textured insole surfaces may afford a low-cost means of decreasing postural sway, providing an important intervention in falls prevention...
  38. ncbi Comparison of traditional and recent approaches in the promotion of balance and strength in older adults
    Urs Granacher
    Institute of Sport Science, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany
    Sports Med 41:377-400. 2011
    ..Further research is needed to confirm these results and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms responsible for the adaptive processes...
  39. pmc Interventions for addressing low balance confidence in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Debbie Rand
    Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Professions, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Age Ageing 40:297-306. 2011
    ..low balance confidence is a major health problem among older adults restricting their participation in daily life...
  40. pmc Task-level feedback can explain temporal recruitment of spatially fixed muscle synergies throughout postural perturbations
    Seyed A Safavynia
    Wallace H Coulter Dept of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Inst of Technology and Emory Univ, 313 Ferst Dr, Atlanta, GA 30332 0535, USA
    J Neurophysiol 107:159-77. 2012
    ....
  41. ncbi Age-related differences in walking stability
    Hylton B Menz
    Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, High Street, Randwick, New South Wales 2031, Australia
    Age Ageing 32:137-42. 2003
    ..a large proportion of falls in older people occur when walking; however the mechanisms underlying impaired balance during gait are poorly understood...
  42. ncbi Aging, muscle activity, and balance control: physiologic changes associated with balance impairment
    Carrie A Laughton
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Center for BioDynamics, Boston University, 44 Cummington St, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Gait Posture 18:101-8. 2003
    ..It is unclear whether increases in muscle activity preclude greater postural instability or if increased muscle activity is a compensatory response to increases in postural sway...
  43. pmc Identification of neural feedback for upright stance in humans: stabilization rather than sway minimization
    Tim Kiemel
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
    J Neurosci 31:15144-53. 2011
    ..The results suggest that the common assumption of reducing sway may not apply to musculoskeletal systems that are inherently unstable...
  44. pmc Physical activity across adulthood and physical performance in midlife: findings from a British birth cohort
    Rachel Cooper
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Division of Population Health, University College London, United Kingdom
    Am J Prev Med 41:376-84. 2011
    ..It is unclear whether the benefits of physical activity accumulate across life or whether there are sensitive periods when physical activity is more influential...
  45. pmc A meta-regression of the long-term effects of deep brain stimulation on balance and gait in PD
    R J St George
    Department of Neurology, Oregon Health and Sciences University, 505 NW 185 Avenue, Beaverton, OR 97006, USA
    Neurology 75:1292-9. 2010
    ..This prompted us to conduct the first meta-regression of long-term studies of bilateral DBS in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and globus pallidus interna (GPi)...
  46. ncbi Gender-specific effect of obesity on balance
    Francesco Menegoni
    Bioengineering Department, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:1951-6. 2009
    ..Rehabilitation programs should take these findings into account by adopting specific interventions to improve ML control in obese males, and through weight loss and strengthening of ankle flexors/extensors in both genders...
  47. ncbi Role of the prefrontal cortex in human balance control
    Masahito Mihara
    Neurorehabilitation Research Institute, Morinomiya Hospital, Osaka, Japan
    Neuroimage 43:329-36. 2008
    ..Our results may facilitate the understanding of cortical mechanisms for balance control in humans and the underlying pathophysiology of falls...
  48. ncbi Assessment of vibrotactile feedback on postural stability during pseudorandom multidirectional platform motion
    Kathleen H Sienko
    Department ofMechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 57:944-52. 2010
    ..However, the spatial resolution of the tactor displays did not affect subjects' performance, thereby supporting the use of a lower spatial resolution display in future device designs...
  49. pmc Human body-segment tilts induced by galvanic stimulation: a vestibularly driven balance protection mechanism
    B L Day
    MRC Human Movement and Balance Unit, Institute of Neurology, London, UK
    J Physiol 500:661-72. 1997
    ....
  50. ncbi Etiology and modification of gait instability in older adults: a randomized controlled trial of exercise
    J M Hausdorff
    Gerontology Division, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Division on Aging, Harvard Medical School, Boston 02215, Massachusetts, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 90:2117-29. 2001
    ....
  51. ncbi Power training improves balance in healthy older adults
    Rhonda Orr
    School of Excercise and Sport Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, P O Box 170, Lidcombe, NSW, 1825, Australia
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 61:78-85. 2006
    ..Age-related decline in muscle power may be an early indicator of balance deficits and fall risk, even in nonfrail adults. This study examined the dose-dependent effect of power training on balance performance in healthy older adults...
  52. ncbi A unified view of quiet and perturbed stance: simultaneous co-existing excitable modes
    Robert Creath
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Neurosci Lett 377:75-80. 2005
    ..They are "simultaneously co-existing excitable modes", both always present, but one of which may predominate depending upon the characteristics of the available sensory information, task or perturbation...
  53. ncbi Is fall prevention by vitamin D mediated by a change in postural or dynamic balance?
    H A Bischoff-Ferrari
    Department of Rheumatology and Institute of Physical Medicine, University Hospital Zurich, Gloriastrasse 25, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland
    Osteoporos Int 17:656-63. 2006
    ....
  54. ncbi Development of an interactive game-based rehabilitation tool for dynamic balance training
    Belinda Lange
    Medical Virtual Reality Group, Institute for Creative Technologies, University of Southern California, Playa Vista, California, USA
    Top Stroke Rehabil 17:345-52. 2010
    ..Overall, feedback was positive, and areas for improvement were identified. This preliminary research provides support for the development of a game that caters specifically to the key requirements of balance rehabilitation...
  55. ncbi Influence of postural anxiety on postural reactions to multi-directional surface rotations
    M G Carpenter
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 92:3255-65. 2004
    ....
  56. pmc Postural abnormalities to multidirectional stance perturbations in Parkinson's disease
    M G Carpenter
    Department of ORL, University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 75:1245-54. 2004
    ....
  57. ncbi Postural sway and effect of levodopa in early Parkinson's disease
    Anne Beuter
    Institut de Cognitique, Universite Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France
    Can J Neurol Sci 35:65-8. 2008
    ..To characterize postural stability control and levodopa responsiveness in early Parkinson's disease (PD)...
  58. ncbi Effects of general and local fatigue on postural control: a review
    Thierry Paillard
    Laboratoire Activité Physique, Performance et Santé, EA 4445, Universite de Pau et des Pays de l Adour, Departement STAPS, ZA Bastillac Sud, 65000 Tarbes, France
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 36:162-76. 2012
    ....
  59. pmc Dynamic principles of gait and their clinical implications
    Arthur D Kuo
    Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2350 Hayward St, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2125, USA
    Phys Ther 90:157-74. 2010
    ..This article reviews the basic principles of dynamic walking and the associated experimental evidence for healthy gait and then considers how the principles may be applied to clinical gait pathologies...
  60. ncbi Community-based group exercise improves balance and reduces falls in at-risk older people: a randomised controlled trial
    Anne Barnett
    Physiotherapy Department, Bankstown Lidcombe Hospital, Bankstown, 2200 Australia
    Age Ageing 32:407-14. 2003
    ....
  61. ncbi Is the Wii Fit a new-generation tool for improving balance, health and well-being? A pilot study
    J C Nitz
    University of Queensland, Physiotherapy, St Lucia, Brisbane, Australia
    Climacteric 13:487-91. 2010
    ..The Nintendo Wii Fit is a new product that is purported to improve balance, strength, flexibility, fitness and general well-being. Currently, there are no controlled trials published to support such claims...
  62. ncbi Dual-tasking effects on gait variability: the role of aging, falls, and executive function
    Shmuel Springer
    Movement Disorders Unit, Neurology Department, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Mov Disord 21:950-7. 2006
    ..In contrast, dual tasking destabilizes the gait of idiopathic elderly fallers, an effect that appears to be mediated in part by a decline in EF...
  63. ncbi Use of virtual reality technique for the training of motor control in the elderly. Some theoretical considerations
    E D de Bruin
    Inst f Bewegungswissenschaften u Sport, Wolfgang Pauli Str 27, 8093 Zurich, Schweiz
    Z Gerontol Geriatr 43:229-34. 2010
    ..This manuscript describes the potential of dance pad training protocols in the elderly and reports on the theoretical rationale of combining physical game-like exercises with sensory and cognitive challenges in a virtual environment...
  64. pmc The effect of a cognitive-motor intervention on voluntary step execution under single and dual task conditions in older adults: a randomized controlled pilot study
    Giuseppe Pichierri
    Institute of Human Movement Sciences and Sport, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
    Clin Interv Aging 7:175-84. 2012
    ....
  65. pmc Cueing training in the home improves gait-related mobility in Parkinson's disease: the RESCUE trial
    A Nieuwboer
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 78:134-40. 2007
    ..The Rehabilitation in Parkinson's Disease: Strategies for Cueing (RESCUE) trial investigated the effects of a home physiotherapy programme based on rhythmical cueing on gait and gait-related activity...
  66. ncbi Virtual reality rehabilitation of balance: assessment of the usability of the Nintendo Wii(®) Fit Plus
    Dara Meldrum
    Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, School of Physiotherapy, Dublin, Ireland
    Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 7:205-10. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the usability of the Nintendo Wii Fit Plus(®) (NWFP) in the treatment of balance impairment in vestibular and other neurological disease...
  67. ncbi The many roles of vision during walking
    David Logan
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 2611, USA
    Exp Brain Res 206:337-50. 2010
    ..Unlike during standing, vision plays many roles during locomotion, providing information for upright stability as well as body position relative to the external environment...
  68. ncbi Balance training and multi-task performance in seniors
    U Granacher
    University of Basel, Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, Basel, Switzerland
    Int J Sports Med 31:353-8. 2010
    ..Improvement of the secondary motor but not cognitive task may indicate the need for the involvement of motor and particularly cognitive tasks during BT...
  69. ncbi Is the stabilization of quiet upright stance in humans driven by synchronized modulations of the activity of medial and lateral gastrocnemius muscles?
    Taian M M Vieira
    Laboratory for Engineering of the Neuromuscular System, Politecnico di Torino, Via Cavali 22 H 10138, Torino, Italy
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 108:85-97. 2010
    ..Hence, the stabilization of the quiet standing posture likely relies on flexible rather than stereotyped mechanisms of control...
  70. ncbi Is interindividual variability of EMG patterns in trained cyclists related to different muscle synergies?
    Francois Hug
    University of Nantes, Laboratory Motricité, Interactions, Performance, EA 4334, 25 bis boulevard Guy Mollet, BP 72206, 44322 Nantes Cedex 3, France
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 108:1727-36. 2010
    ..The interindividual variability of EMG patterns observed during pedaling does not represent differences in the locomotor strategy for pedaling...
  71. ncbi Stability limits, single-leg jump, and body awareness in older Tai Chi practitioners
    Amanda L Gyllensten
    Section of Physiotherapy, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 91:215-20. 2010
    ..Cross-sectional study...
  72. ncbi The effects of vibrotactile biofeedback training on trunk sway in Parkinson's disease patients
    W Nanhoe-Mahabier
    Department of Neurology, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 18:1017-21. 2012
    ..Specifically, we investigated the effect of artificial vibrotactile biofeedback on trunk sway in PD...
  73. pmc Physiological complexity and system adaptability: evidence from postural control dynamics of older adults
    Brad Manor
    Division of Gerontology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 110 Francis St Suite 1B, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 109:1786-91. 2010
    ..Relatively low baseline complexity may, therefore, indicate control systems that are more vulnerable to cognitive and other stressors...
  74. ncbi A pilot study of Wii Fit exergames to improve balance in older adults
    Maayan Agmon
    University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Geriatr Phys Ther 34:161-7. 2011
    ..To determine the safety and feasibility of using Nintendo Wii Fit exergames to improve balance in older adults...
  75. ncbi Frail institutionalized older persons: A comprehensive review on physical exercise, physical fitness, activities of daily living, and quality-of-life
    Elizabeth Weening-Dijksterhuis
    Centre for Applied Research in Health Care and Nursing, Hanze University Groningen, The Netherlands
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 90:156-68. 2011
    ..The proposed intensity is moderate to high, assessed on a 0-10 scale for muscle strengthening activities. The training frequency was three times a week, and the total duration was at least 10 wks...
  76. ncbi Reducing the fear of falling among community-dwelling elderly adults through cognitive-behavioural strategies and intense Tai Chi exercise: a randomized controlled trial
    Tzu Ting Huang
    School of Nursing, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    J Adv Nurs 67:961-71. 2011
    ..The prevalence of this fear ranges from 29% to 77%, indicating the importance of developing effective strategies to reduce fear of falling among elderly adults...
  77. ncbi Modular organization of balance control following perturbations during walking
    Anderson Souza Castelo Oliveira
    Center for Sensory Motor Interaction, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
    J Neurophysiol 108:1895-906. 2012
    ..Conversely, the activation signals were all substantially influenced by the perturbations, being the result of integration of afferent information and supraspinal control...
  78. ncbi Effects of multi-directional vibrotactile feedback on vestibular-deficient postural performance during continuous multi-directional support surface perturbations
    K H Sienko
    Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Harvard Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
    J Vestib Res 18:273-85. 2008
    ..Therefore, a spatial resolution of 90 degrees (4 columns) seems to be as effective as a spatial resolution of 22.5 degrees (16 columns) for control of standing...
  79. ncbi A randomised controlled trial of Tai Chi and resistance exercise on bone health, muscle strength and balance in community-living elderly people
    Jean Woo
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Department of Community and Family Medicine, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong
    Age Ageing 36:262-8. 2007
    ..These findings may not apply to elderly populations with limited ability to perform exercises of high intensity...
  80. ncbi Multi-modal exercise programs for older adults
    Michael K Baker
    The School of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, Australia
    Age Ageing 36:375-81. 2007
    ....
  81. pmc Dual-tasking and gait in people with mild cognitive impairment. The effect of working memory
    Manuel Montero-Odasso
    Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine, Parkwood Hospital, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON Canada
    BMC Geriatr 9:41. 2009
    ..In this study, our aim was to determine whether specific cognitive factors have a more identifiable effect on gait velocity during dual-tasking in people with MCI...
  82. pmc A block to pre-prepared movement in gait freezing, relieved by pedunculopontine nucleus stimulation
    Wesley Thevathasan
    Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, UK
    Brain 134:2085-95. 2011
    ..These findings suggest a relative block to triggered, pre-prepared movement in gait freezing and postural instability, relieved by pedunculopontine nucleus stimulation...
  83. ncbi Postural stability of elderly submmitted to multisensorial physical therapy intervention
    F M Alfieri
    UNASP, São Paulo Adventist University Center, Brazil
    Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol 50:113-9. 2010
    ....
  84. pmc A feedback model explains the differential scaling of human postural responses to perturbation acceleration and velocity
    Torrence D J Welch
    The Wallace H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 0535, USA
    J Neurophysiol 101:3294-309. 2009
    ..These results suggest that an invariant feedback law was used to generate the entire time course of muscle activity across a variety of postural disturbances...
  85. ncbi Effects of a high-intensity task-oriented training on gait performance early after stroke: a pilot study
    Jacqueline C Outermans
    Department of Physiotherapy, Institute for Human Movement Studies, University of Applied Sciences Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Clin Rehabil 24:979-87. 2010
    ....
  86. pmc Muscle contributions to whole-body sagittal plane angular momentum during walking
    R R Neptune
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C2200, Austin, TX 78712 0292, USA
    J Biomech 44:6-12. 2011
    ..These results may provide insight into balance and movement disorders and provide a basis for developing locomotor therapies that target specific muscle groups...
  87. ncbi Effects of long-term tai chi practice on balance and H-reflex characteristics
    Hongwei Guan
    Department of Health Promotion and Physical Education, Ithaca College, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
    Am J Chin Med 39:251-60. 2011
    ..Long-term Tai Chi exercisers also demonstrated different reflex modulation from a supine to standing position, and long-term Tai Chi practice may lead to a change of PRD modulation as neuroadaptation...
  88. pmc Integration of balance and strength training into daily life activity to reduce rate of falls in older people (the LiFE study): randomised parallel trial
    Lindy Clemson
    Ageing, Work, and Health Research Unit and the Centre for Excellence in Population Ageing Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, 2141 New South Wales, Australia
    BMJ 345:e4547. 2012
    ..To determine whether a lifestyle integrated approach to balance and strength training is effective in reducing the rate of falls in older, high risk people living at home...
  89. pmc Electromyographic responses from the hindlimb muscles of the decerebrate cat to horizontal support surface perturbations
    Claire F Honeycutt
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30332 0356, USA
    J Neurophysiol 101:2751-61. 2009
    ....
  90. ncbi Effect of a perturbation-based balance training program on compensatory stepping and grasping reactions in older adults: a randomized controlled trial
    Avril Mansfield
    Heart and Stroke Foundation Centre for Stroke Recovery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Phys Ther 90:476-91. 2010
    ..Compensatory stepping and grasping reactions are prevalent responses to sudden loss of balance and play a critical role in preventing falls. The ability to execute these reactions effectively is impaired in older adults...
  91. ncbi Tai chi as a balance improvement exercise for older adults: a systematic review
    Hao Liu
    Physical Therapy Program, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA
    J Geriatr Phys Ther 33:103-9. 2010
    ..The purpose of this systematic review was to identify exercise parameters and the most common outcome measures used in tai chi (TC) research...
  92. ncbi Low vision affects dynamic stability of gait
    Ann Hallemans
    Research Group of Functional Morphology, Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Belgium
    Gait Posture 32:547-51. 2010
    ....
  93. ncbi Excessive postural sway and the risk of falls at different stages of Parkinson's disease
    Anna Frenklach
    Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 5327, USA
    Mov Disord 24:377-85. 2009
    ..In dynamic conditions the SOTFSS was correlated with the retropulsion score from the UPDRS III (N = 102, P < 0.0001) and with the subjects' self-reported fall frequency from the UPDRS II (N = 62, SOT5: P = 0.0419, SOT6: P = 0.0034)...
  94. ncbi Intrasession reliability of center of pressure measures of postural steadiness in healthy elderly people
    Danik Lafond
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Montreal, Downtown Station, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 85:896-901. 2004
    ....
  95. ncbi A pilot randomized controlled trial of the Yoga of Awareness program in the management of fibromyalgia
    James W Carson
    Department of Anesthesiology and Peri Operative Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239 3011, USA
    Pain 151:530-9. 2010
    ..This pilot study provides promising support for the potential benefits of a yoga program for women with FM...
  96. ncbi Does a home-based strength and balance programme in people aged > or =80 years provide the best value for money to prevent falls? A systematic review of economic evaluations of falls prevention interventions
    J C Davis
    Centre for Hip Health and Mobility, University of British Columbia and Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, Vancouver, Canada
    Br J Sports Med 44:80-9. 2010
    ..To investigate the value for money of strategies to prevent falls in older adults living in the community...
  97. pmc Cholinergic mesencephalic neurons are involved in gait and postural disorders in Parkinson disease
    Carine Karachi
    Universite Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6, CR Icm, UMR S975, Paris, France
    J Clin Invest 120:2745-54. 2010
    ..Our data therefore reveal that the cholinergic neurons of the PPN play a central role in controlling gait and posture and represent a possible target for pharmacological treatment of gait disorders in PD...
  98. ncbi Sensorimotor and cognitive deficits after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in the mouse
    Valentine Bouet
    UMR 6185 CNRS, Neurodegenerescence models and therapeutic strategies, University of Caen Basse Normandie, Cyceron, Bd H Becquerel BP 5229, F 14074 Caen cedex, France
    Exp Neurol 203:555-67. 2007
    ....
  99. ncbi Correlation between body mass index and postural balance
    Julia Greve
    Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universsidade de São Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Clinics (Sao Paulo) 62:717-20. 2007
    ..To evaluate the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and postural balance in unipodal support...
  100. ncbi Ankle muscle stiffness in the control of balance during quiet standing
    D A Winter
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 85:2630-3. 2001
    ..92, confirming how closely the model approached a perfect spring that would have an R(2) = 1. These results confirm our model of a simple muscle stiffness control and refutes the criticisms...
  101. ncbi Discordance between measured postural instability and absence of clinical symptoms in Parkinson's disease patients in the early stages of the disease
    Nathalie Chastan
    Department of Neurophysiology, Rouen University Hospital, Rouen, France
    Mov Disord 23:366-72. 2008
    ....

Research Grants64

  1. PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL POSTURAL DISORDERS IN THE ELDERLY
    FAY BAHLING HORAK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. PREVENTION OF NEUROMOTOR DEFICITS WITH CHELATION THERAPY
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  3. WORKLOAD EFFECT ON TASK PERFORMANCE ON INCLINED SURFACE
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  4. PREDICTIVE MODELING OF SLIPS AND FALLS
    Rakie Cham; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..They will also investigate whether the subjective rating of slipperiness is affected by the task performed or whether a slip/fall has occurred. ..
  5. Ontogeny of spatial coding in the mouse utricle
    Timothy Jones; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Understanding the ontogeny of gravity reception and mechanisms controlling it will help provide the basis for identifying factors that can affect development and produce abnormal growth and function. ..
  6. Next-day Behavioral Effects of Trazodone
    Anthony Liguori; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Ultimately, the results may alter the perception and prescription of this generally well-accepted compound. ..
  7. LONG-TERM LORAZEPAM USE AND ACUTE TOXICITY IN THE AGED
    Nunzio Pomara; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..index of brain white matter organization) contribute most strongly to the acute effects of lorazepam on cognitive/motor performance or postural sway in elderly individuals receiving long-term lorazepam treatment for GAD? ..
  8. ROLE OF POSTURAL STABILITY IN INDUSTRIAL FALLS
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Based on results of the present study, future studies with a larger worker population are planned to develop intervention strategies for fall prevention...
  9. MINORITY PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM
    PAULA YIM CHIPLIS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Results using sequential regression analysis, ANOVA, and ANCOVA will determine the importance of these health factors throughout the lifespan. ..
  10. DYNAMIC POSTURAL EQUILIBRIUM
    STEVEN BOKER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  11. NORMAL AGING OF BRAIN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
    EDITH VIONI SULLIVAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Initiate longitudinal 4-year follow-up data collection to test hypotheses regarding selective accelerated deterioration of frontally-based brain systems in normal aging. ..
  12. CEREBELLAR STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION IN ALCOHOLISM
    Edith Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. Spinal Load and Stability during Pushing
    Michael Madigan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..e. the influence of the inertial mass of the pushed object, the velocity of movement, and compare the spinal loads and stability of pushing a cart versus pushing an overhead lift-assist device. ..
  14. PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL POSTURAL DISORDERS IN THE ELDERLY
    Fay Horak; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. EFFECTS OF DBS ON POSTURE AND OROMOTOR CONTROL
    Fay Horak; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Quantifying two types of postural and oromotor control in the same subjects will also substantially increase our understanding of the role of the basal ganglia in axial motor control. ..
  16. Adaptation of Spatial Orientation in Locomotion and Posture
    FAY BAHLING HORAK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. VESTIBULAR SOMATOSENSORY INTERACTIONS FOR HUMAN POSTURE
    Fay Horak; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  18. Motion Sensor Array for Vestibular-deficient Individuals
    Conrad Wall; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  19. Limb Loading and Weight Transfer During Stroke Recovery
    Vicki Mercer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. ROLE OF WALKING STABILITY IN FALLS AMONG THE ELDERLY
    Yi Chung Pai; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Aim 3: We will determine whether older adults decrease their fall incidence after repeated exposure to slips by improving gait stability and/or by enhancing their reactive responses. ..
  21. Developmental integration of posture and manual control
    JEFFREY HADDAD; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This ability may be important in normal development, and may help further understand the onset of developmental coordination disorders. ..
  22. Postural instability & visually-induced motion sickness
    THOMAS STOFFREGEN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The experimental' hypotheses focus on the combinations of frequency and amplitude that may produce postural instability and motion sickness, and on particular types of instability that may be expected. ..
  23. Ameliorating Disability through Power Training
    Jonathan Bean; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It will provide important insights into exercise's role in preserving late life functioning. ..
  24. VIRTUAL REALITY IN BALANCE DISORDERS
    Susan Whitney; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The data derived from the above three goals will help direct a randomized clinical trial that will assist in determining if virtual reality is an effective method of intervention with persons with vestibular dysfunction. ..
  25. High Force Resistance Training and Dopamine Replacement Effects on Hypokinesia in
    LELAND DIBBLE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This process will allow us to better understand the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of strengthening exercise for persons with Parkinson disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. SENSORIMOTOR INTEGRATION IN HUMAN POSTURAL CONTROL
    Robert Peterka; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A better understanding of these active regulatory processes may lead to new rehabilitative methods and new clinical balance-function tests. ..
  27. Reducing falls in the elderly: beyond the laboratory to the community
    Mark D Grabiner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  28. Lateral Stability and Falls in Aging
    Mark W Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The relevance of this research to public health lies in its focus on understanding the causes and interventions for minimizing the devastating economic, societal, and personal consequences of age-associated falls. ..
  29. A Novel Post-Menopausal Osteoporosis Screening Tool
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Once the proposed technique shows promise future prospective study will allow determination of the effectiveness of the technique to diagnose individuals at risk for fracture, pre-clinically. ..
  30. Control of Balance during Human Walking
    ARTHUR KUO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL ABUSE ON THE AGING BRAIN
    George Fein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., brain "functional reserve," presence of the APOE-epsilon4 allele) that may modulate the effects of chronic alcohol abuse/dependence and age on brain structure and function. ..
  32. LATERAL STABILITY DURING INDUCED STEPPING IN THE ELDERLY
    Mark Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Identifying key motor control processes underlying protective stepping behavior as a function of age and future risk of falls will improve our understanding of the pathogenesis of disablement. ..
  33. ERGONOMIC ASPECTS OF OLDER WORKERS POSTURAL BALANCE
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The results from the proposed study will provide scientific data to determine whether or not older workers are capable of performing tasks on ramp surfaces under various combinations of risk factors. ..
  34. POSTURAL STABILITY EFFECTS IN LOW SEAM MINING TASKS
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. NEW METHOD TO IDENTIFY UNILATERAL VESTIBULAR DYSFUNCTION
    Robert Peterka; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Experimental results from subjects with different levels of partial unilateral vestibular loss will determine the effectiveness and reliability of the proposed new rotation test. ..
  36. CHRONIC COCAINE ABUSE EFFECTS ON P50 AND P3A ERPS
    George Fein; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Finally, samples of active cocaine abusers will be studied. ..
  37. BIOMECHANICS OF AVOIDING A FALL FOLLOWING A SLIP
    Mark Grabiner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The health-relatedness of the project is that it will contribute to further systematic design and testing of intervention methods that may effectively reduce the number of slip-related injuries and deaths, particularly in older adults. ..
  38. Tai Chi Training and Sleep Enhancement in the Elderly
    Fuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. The Dorsal Wrist: Function in the Normal & Injured State
    Rita Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. Biomechanics of Slips in Older Adults
    Rakie Cham; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This fundamental knowledge is required to plan, to develop and to implement effective deficits-targeted interventions focused on minimizing the risk of falling in the workplace. ..
  41. Mechanistic model of multisensory postural control
    John Jeka; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Future work will address patient populations with similar techniques to determine the basis of their balance deficits. ..
  42. Sign Chi Do Exercise for Adaptation to Aging
    Carol Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A mind, body, spiritual physical activity will contribute to the body of knowledge for future program development. ..
  43. TENDON FORCE DURING OCCUPATIONAL HAND ACTIVITIES
    David Rempel; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The proposed study is a collaborative effort between the University of California Ergonomics Program (UCSF), Hand and Microsurgery (UCSP), Mechanical Engineering (UC Berkeley), and the Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute. ..
  44. Home-based vs. Supervised Exercise for Claudicants
    Andrew W Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  45. Exercise, Physical Function, and Parkinson's Disease
    Margaret L Schenkman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Further, we expect the PD-specific targeted intervention to be more effective than general endurance training or 'standard-of-care'at improving overall physical function. ..
  46. EFFECT OF POTASSIUM BICARBONATE ON BONE AND MUSCLE
    Bess Dawson Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  47. MULTISENSORY INTEGRATION AND HUMAN POSTURAL CONTROL
    John Jeka; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  48. VESTIBULAR INFLUENCES ON SPATIAL ORIENTATION
    Richard Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. Finite element modeling of Colles' fractures
    KAREN TROY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. FLEXIBILITY OF LEARNING IN INFANT SKILL ACQUISITION
    KAREN ADOLPH; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, results may have practical applications for promoting new skills in typically developing infants and children with motor impairments. ..
  51. Active MEMS Neural Clamps
    Ranu Jung; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Such electrodes will advance our capabilities of scientific investigation of neural function in awake subjects and in the development of advanced neuroprosthetic products for rehabilitation. ..
  52. Massaging Preterm Infants Enhances Growth
    Tiffany Field; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Predicting Positive Outcomes among Cancer Survivors
    Stephanie Reid Arndt; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..By elucidating factors associated with positive and/or negative outcomes among cancer survivors, this project will serve as a foundation for future intervention programs and future research examining long-term functional outcomes. ..
  54. A Multimedia Program to Promote Exercise by Older Adults
    A Irvine; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Delivered via Internet/Intranet or CD/DVD-ROM, the system may be used from homes or in conjunction with classes in senior centers. The program will be evaluated in a randomized trial. ..
  55. Mechanism of Opiate Induced Audiovestibular Dysfunction
    Gail Ishiyama; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  56. PharmaScan 70/16 In-Vivo Spectroscopy/Imaging System
    Ranu Jung; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. Interaction of Serotonin & Cholinergic Systems After TBI
    ANTHONY KLINE; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The long-term goal is to develop pharmacotherapies that attenuate posttraumatic neuronal cell death and facilitate cognitive performance after human TBI. ..
  58. CARE OF THE AGED: A MULTIMEDIA STAFF DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
    A Irvine; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In Phase II, the program's content will be expanded, and it will be evaluated with a randomized trial at multiple residential worksites. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: Not available ..
  59. Coordination of reaching in healthy adult and stroke
    John Scholz; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. LOW BACK PAIN IN CYCLIC AND PROLONGED ACTIVITIES
    Moshe Solomonow; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  61. Neuromechanics of Multifunctionality in Aplysia
    Hillel Chiel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These studies will lead to a deeper understanding of the neuromechanical principles underlying multifunctionality. ..