musculoskeletal equilibrium

Summary

Summary: A state of the body being evenly balanced in POSTURE. The biomechanical responses of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM during standing, walking, sitting, and other movements.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Objectively measured physical capability levels and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Rachel Cooper
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing and Division of Population Health, University College London, London WC1B 5JU
    BMJ 341:c4467. 2010
  2. pmc The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) to differentiate balance deficits
    Fay B Horak
    Department of Neurology, Oregon Health and Sciences University, West Campus, Building 1, 505 NW 185th Ave, Beaverton, OR 97006 3499, USA
    Phys Ther 89:484-98. 2009
  3. ncbi Toward a new theory of motor synergies
    Mark L Latash
    Dept of Kinesiology, Pennyslvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Motor Control 11:276-308. 2007
  4. doi Validity and reliability of the Nintendo Wii Balance Board for assessment of standing balance
    Ross A Clark
    Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria 3010, Australia
    Gait Posture 31:307-10. 2010
  5. ncbi A limited set of muscle synergies for force control during a postural task
    Lena H Ting
    Wallace H Coulter Dept of Biomedical Engineering at Georgia Tech and Emory Univ, 313 Ferst Dr, Atlanta, GA 30322 0535, USA
    J Neurophysiol 93:609-13. 2005
  6. doi Humans use internal models to construct and update a sense of verticality
    Julien Barra
    Laboratoire de Psychologie et Neuropsychologie Cognitive, Universite Paris Descartes, FRE 3292, France
    Brain 133:3552-63. 2010
  7. pmc Dynamic principles of gait and their clinical implications
    Arthur D Kuo
    Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2350 Hayward St, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2125, USA
    Phys Ther 90:157-74. 2010
  8. doi Disorders of balance and vestibular function in US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2004
    Yuri Agrawal
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 601 N Caroline St, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:938-44. 2009
  9. doi The effectiveness of exercise interventions for people with Parkinson's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Victoria A Goodwin
    Primary Care Research Group, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Mov Disord 23:631-40. 2008
  10. ncbi Dual-tasking effects on gait variability: the role of aging, falls, and executive function
    Shmuel Springer
    Movement Disorders Unit, Neurology Department, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Mov Disord 21:950-7. 2006

Research Grants

  1. NEURAL CONTROL OF POSTURE AND STANCE
    JANE MACPHERSON; Fiscal Year: 1999
  2. Tai Chi and Parkinson's Disease
    Fuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
  3. Tai Chi and Parkinson's Disease
    Fuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. Ontogeny of spatial coding in the mouse utricle
    Timothy Jones; Fiscal Year: 2005
  5. MINORITY PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM
    PAULA YIM CHIPLIS; Fiscal Year: 2004
  6. LONG-TERM LORAZEPAM USE AND ACUTE TOXICITY IN THE AGED
    Nunzio Pomara; Fiscal Year: 2005
  7. PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL POSTURAL DISORDERS IN THE ELDERLY
    Fay Horak; Fiscal Year: 2006
  8. ERGONOMIC ASPECTS OF OLDER WORKERS POSTURAL BALANCE
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2001
  9. Control of Balance during Human Walking
    ARTHUR KUO; Fiscal Year: 2005
  10. DYNAMIC POSTURAL EQUILIBRIUM
    STEVEN BOKER; Fiscal Year: 2003

Detail Information

Publications281 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Objectively measured physical capability levels and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Rachel Cooper
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing and Division of Population Health, University College London, London WC1B 5JU
    BMJ 341:c4467. 2010
    ....
  2. pmc The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) to differentiate balance deficits
    Fay B Horak
    Department of Neurology, Oregon Health and Sciences University, West Campus, Building 1, 505 NW 185th Ave, Beaverton, OR 97006 3499, USA
    Phys Ther 89:484-98. 2009
    ..By identifying the disordered systems underlying balance control, therapists can direct specific types of intervention for different types of balance problems...
  3. ncbi Toward a new theory of motor synergies
    Mark L Latash
    Dept of Kinesiology, Pennyslvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Motor Control 11:276-308. 2007
    ..We show how this concept establishes links between the various accounts for how movement is organized in redundant effector systems...
  4. doi Validity and reliability of the Nintendo Wii Balance Board for assessment of standing balance
    Ross A Clark
    Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria 3010, Australia
    Gait Posture 31:307-10. 2010
    ..Given that the WBB is portable, widely available and a fraction of the cost of a FP, it could provide the average clinician with a standing balance assessment tool suitable for the clinical setting...
  5. ncbi A limited set of muscle synergies for force control during a postural task
    Lena H Ting
    Wallace H Coulter Dept of Biomedical Engineering at Georgia Tech and Emory Univ, 313 Ferst Dr, Atlanta, GA 30322 0535, USA
    J Neurophysiol 93:609-13. 2005
    ..We suggest that, within the context of active balance control, postural synergies reflect a neural command signal that specifies endpoint force of a limb...
  6. doi Humans use internal models to construct and update a sense of verticality
    Julien Barra
    Laboratoire de Psychologie et Neuropsychologie Cognitive, Universite Paris Descartes, FRE 3292, France
    Brain 133:3552-63. 2010
    ..We conclude that humans construct and update internal models of verticality in which somatosensory information plays an important role...
  7. pmc Dynamic principles of gait and their clinical implications
    Arthur D Kuo
    Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2350 Hayward St, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2125, USA
    Phys Ther 90:157-74. 2010
    ..This article reviews the basic principles of dynamic walking and the associated experimental evidence for healthy gait and then considers how the principles may be applied to clinical gait pathologies...
  8. doi Disorders of balance and vestibular function in US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2004
    Yuri Agrawal
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 601 N Caroline St, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:938-44. 2009
    ....
  9. doi The effectiveness of exercise interventions for people with Parkinson's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Victoria A Goodwin
    Primary Care Research Group, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Mov Disord 23:631-40. 2008
    ..Questions remain around the optimal content of exercise interventions (dosing, component exercises) at different stages of the disease...
  10. ncbi Dual-tasking effects on gait variability: the role of aging, falls, and executive function
    Shmuel Springer
    Movement Disorders Unit, Neurology Department, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Mov Disord 21:950-7. 2006
    ..In contrast, dual tasking destabilizes the gait of idiopathic elderly fallers, an effect that appears to be mediated in part by a decline in EF...
  11. doi Role of the prefrontal cortex in human balance control
    Masahito Mihara
    Neurorehabilitation Research Institute, Morinomiya Hospital, Osaka, Japan
    Neuroimage 43:329-36. 2008
    ..Our results may facilitate the understanding of cortical mechanisms for balance control in humans and the underlying pathophysiology of falls...
  12. ncbi Age- and gender-related test performance in community-dwelling elderly people: Six-Minute Walk Test, Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up & Go Test, and gait speeds
    Teresa M Steffen
    Program in Physical Therapy, Concordia University Wisconsin, 12800 N Lake Shore Dr, Mequon, WI 53097, USA
    Phys Ther 82:128-37. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to provide data for 4 common clinical tests in a sample of community-dwelling older adults...
  13. doi Is the Wii Fit a new-generation tool for improving balance, health and well-being? A pilot study
    J C Nitz
    University of Queensland, Physiotherapy, St Lucia, Brisbane, Australia
    Climacteric 13:487-91. 2010
    ..The Nintendo Wii Fit is a new product that is purported to improve balance, strength, flexibility, fitness and general well-being. Currently, there are no controlled trials published to support such claims...
  14. doi Gender-specific effect of obesity on balance
    Francesco Menegoni
    Bioengineering Department, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:1951-6. 2009
    ..Rehabilitation programs should take these findings into account by adopting specific interventions to improve ML control in obese males, and through weight loss and strengthening of ankle flexors/extensors in both genders...
  15. doi Assessment of vibrotactile feedback on postural stability during pseudorandom multidirectional platform motion
    Kathleen H Sienko
    Department ofMechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 57:944-52. 2010
    ..However, the spatial resolution of the tactor displays did not affect subjects' performance, thereby supporting the use of a lower spatial resolution display in future device designs...
  16. doi Effects of general and local fatigue on postural control: a review
    Thierry Paillard
    Laboratoire Activité Physique, Performance et Santé, EA 4445, Universite de Pau et des Pays de l Adour, Departement STAPS, ZA Bastillac Sud, 65000 Tarbes, France
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 36:162-76. 2012
    ....
  17. ncbi Body weight is a strong predictor of postural stability
    Olivier Hue
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Division of Kinesiology, Laval University, PEPS, Quebec G1K 7P4, Canada
    Gait Posture 26:32-8. 2007
    ..Future studies should examine more closely the combined effect of aging and obesity on falling and injuries and the impact of obesity on the diverse range of activities of daily living...
  18. pmc A meta-regression of the long-term effects of deep brain stimulation on balance and gait in PD
    R J St George
    Department of Neurology, Oregon Health and Sciences University, 505 NW 185 Avenue, Beaverton, OR 97006, USA
    Neurology 75:1292-9. 2010
    ..This prompted us to conduct the first meta-regression of long-term studies of bilateral DBS in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and globus pallidus interna (GPi)...
  19. ncbi Postural orientation and equilibrium: what do we need to know about neural control of balance to prevent falls?
    Fay B Horak
    Neurological Sciences Institute of Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA
    Age Ageing 35:ii7-ii11. 2006
    ..The effective rehabilitation of balance to improve mobility and to prevent falls requires a better understanding of the multiple mechanisms underlying postural control...
  20. ncbi A physiological profile approach to falls risk assessment and prevention
    Stephen R Lord
    Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, University of New South Wales, Barker Street, Randwick, New South Wales, 2031, Australia
    Phys Ther 83:237-52. 2003
    ..The PPA provides valid and reliable measurements that can be used for assessing falls risk and evaluating the effectiveness of interventions and is suitable for use in a range of physical therapy and health care settings...
  21. ncbi Postural sway and effect of levodopa in early Parkinson's disease
    Anne Beuter
    Institut de Cognitique, Universite Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France
    Can J Neurol Sci 35:65-8. 2008
    ..To characterize postural stability control and levodopa responsiveness in early Parkinson's disease (PD)...
  22. pmc Cueing training in the home improves gait-related mobility in Parkinson's disease: the RESCUE trial
    A Nieuwboer
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 78:134-40. 2007
    ..The Rehabilitation in Parkinson's Disease: Strategies for Cueing (RESCUE) trial investigated the effects of a home physiotherapy programme based on rhythmical cueing on gait and gait-related activity...
  23. ncbi Clinical measurement of sit-to-stand performance in people with balance disorders: validity of data for the Five-Times-Sit-to-Stand Test
    Susan L Whitney
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, 6035 Forbes Tower, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Phys Ther 85:1034-45. 2005
    ..The FTSST was compared with the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC) and the Dynamic Gait Index (DGI)...
  24. pmc Human postural sway results from frequent, ballistic bias impulses by soleus and gastrocnemius
    Ian D Loram
    Applied Physiology Research Group, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    J Physiol 564:295-311. 2005
    ..These results complement and extend our recent demonstration that paradoxical muscle movements are the norm in human standing...
  25. ncbi Attention and the control of posture and gait: a review of an emerging area of research
    Marjorie Woollacott
    Department of Exercise and Movement Science, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Gait Posture 16:1-14. 2002
    ..g. Parkinson's disease) on the ability to allocate attention to postural tasks and appear to be sensitive measures in both predicting fall risk and in documenting recovery of stability...
  26. doi Use of virtual reality technique for the training of motor control in the elderly. Some theoretical considerations
    E D de Bruin
    Inst f Bewegungswissenschaften u Sport, Wolfgang Pauli Str 27, 8093 Zurich, Schweiz
    Z Gerontol Geriatr 43:229-34. 2010
    ..This manuscript describes the potential of dance pad training protocols in the elderly and reports on the theoretical rationale of combining physical game-like exercises with sensory and cognitive challenges in a virtual environment...
  27. doi The test-retest reliability of centre of pressure measures in bipedal static task conditions--a systematic review of the literature
    Alexander Ruhe
    Murdoch University, Praxis fuer Chiropraktik Wolfsburg, Porschestrasse 1, 38440 Wolfsburg, Germany
    Gait Posture 32:436-45. 2010
    ..Conflicting data have been reported over the past 20 years regarding the reliability of COP measures and no standard procedure for COP measure use in study design has been established...
  28. ncbi Effects of multi-directional vibrotactile feedback on vestibular-deficient postural performance during continuous multi-directional support surface perturbations
    K H Sienko
    Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Harvard Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
    J Vestib Res 18:273-85. 2008
    ..Therefore, a spatial resolution of 90 degrees (4 columns) seems to be as effective as a spatial resolution of 22.5 degrees (16 columns) for control of standing...
  29. ncbi Multi-modal exercise programs for older adults
    Michael K Baker
    The School of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, Australia
    Age Ageing 36:375-81. 2007
    ....
  30. ncbi A randomised controlled trial of Tai Chi and resistance exercise on bone health, muscle strength and balance in community-living elderly people
    Jean Woo
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Department of Community and Family Medicine, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong
    Age Ageing 36:262-8. 2007
    ..These findings may not apply to elderly populations with limited ability to perform exercises of high intensity...
  31. pmc Physiological complexity and system adaptability: evidence from postural control dynamics of older adults
    Brad Manor
    Division of Gerontology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 110 Francis St Suite 1B, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 109:1786-91. 2010
    ..Relatively low baseline complexity may, therefore, indicate control systems that are more vulnerable to cognitive and other stressors...
  32. pmc Dual-tasking and gait in people with mild cognitive impairment. The effect of working memory
    Manuel Montero-Odasso
    Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine, Parkwood Hospital, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON Canada
    BMC Geriatr 9:41. 2009
    ..In this study, our aim was to determine whether specific cognitive factors have a more identifiable effect on gait velocity during dual-tasking in people with MCI...
  33. doi Reducing the fear of falling among community-dwelling elderly adults through cognitive-behavioural strategies and intense Tai Chi exercise: a randomized controlled trial
    Tzu Ting Huang
    School of Nursing, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    J Adv Nurs 67:961-71. 2011
    ..The prevalence of this fear ranges from 29% to 77%, indicating the importance of developing effective strategies to reduce fear of falling among elderly adults...
  34. doi Modular organization of balance control following perturbations during walking
    Anderson Souza Castelo Oliveira
    Center for Sensory Motor Interaction, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
    J Neurophysiol 108:1895-906. 2012
    ..Conversely, the activation signals were all substantially influenced by the perturbations, being the result of integration of afferent information and supraspinal control...
  35. doi Frail institutionalized older persons: A comprehensive review on physical exercise, physical fitness, activities of daily living, and quality-of-life
    Elizabeth Weening-Dijksterhuis
    Centre for Applied Research in Health Care and Nursing, Hanze University Groningen, The Netherlands
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 90:156-68. 2011
    ..The proposed intensity is moderate to high, assessed on a 0-10 scale for muscle strengthening activities. The training frequency was three times a week, and the total duration was at least 10 wks...
  36. doi A pilot study of Wii Fit exergames to improve balance in older adults
    Maayan Agmon
    University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Geriatr Phys Ther 34:161-7. 2011
    ..To determine the safety and feasibility of using Nintendo Wii Fit exergames to improve balance in older adults...
  37. ncbi Effects of long-term tai chi practice on balance and H-reflex characteristics
    Hongwei Guan
    Department of Health Promotion and Physical Education, Ithaca College, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
    Am J Chin Med 39:251-60. 2011
    ..Long-term Tai Chi exercisers also demonstrated different reflex modulation from a supine to standing position, and long-term Tai Chi practice may lead to a change of PRD modulation as neuroadaptation...
  38. doi Enhanced somatosensory information decreases postural sway in older people
    F Qiu
    Movement Neuroscience Program, Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation Domain, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Gait Posture 35:630-5. 2012
    ..Textured insole surfaces may afford a low-cost means of decreasing postural sway, providing an important intervention in falls prevention...
  39. pmc Physical activity across adulthood and physical performance in midlife: findings from a British birth cohort
    Rachel Cooper
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Division of Population Health, University College London, United Kingdom
    Am J Prev Med 41:376-84. 2011
    ..It is unclear whether the benefits of physical activity accumulate across life or whether there are sensitive periods when physical activity is more influential...
  40. pmc Electromyographic responses from the hindlimb muscles of the decerebrate cat to horizontal support surface perturbations
    Claire F Honeycutt
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30332 0356, USA
    J Neurophysiol 101:2751-61. 2009
    ....
  41. ncbi Intrasession reliability of center of pressure measures of postural steadiness in healthy elderly people
    Danik Lafond
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Montreal, Downtown Station, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 85:896-901. 2004
    ....
  42. pmc Identification of neural feedback for upright stance in humans: stabilization rather than sway minimization
    Tim Kiemel
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
    J Neurosci 31:15144-53. 2011
    ..The results suggest that the common assumption of reducing sway may not apply to musculoskeletal systems that are inherently unstable...
  43. pmc A feedback model explains the differential scaling of human postural responses to perturbation acceleration and velocity
    Torrence D J Welch
    The Wallace H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 0535, USA
    J Neurophysiol 101:3294-309. 2009
    ..These results suggest that an invariant feedback law was used to generate the entire time course of muscle activity across a variety of postural disturbances...
  44. ncbi The condition for dynamic stability
    A L Hof
    Institute of Human Movement Sciences, University of Groningen, University Hospital, PO Box 196, AD Groningen 9700, The Netherlands
    J Biomech 38:1-8. 2005
    ..Some experimental data of subjects standing on one or two feet, flatfoot and tiptoe, are presented to give an idea of the usual ranges of these margins of stability. Example data on walking are also presented...
  45. doi Excessive postural sway and the risk of falls at different stages of Parkinson's disease
    Anna Frenklach
    Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 5327, USA
    Mov Disord 24:377-85. 2009
    ..In dynamic conditions the SOTFSS was correlated with the retropulsion score from the UPDRS III (N = 102, P < 0.0001) and with the subjects' self-reported fall frequency from the UPDRS II (N = 62, SOT5: P = 0.0419, SOT6: P = 0.0034)...
  46. pmc A block to pre-prepared movement in gait freezing, relieved by pedunculopontine nucleus stimulation
    Wesley Thevathasan
    Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, UK
    Brain 134:2085-95. 2011
    ..These findings suggest a relative block to triggered, pre-prepared movement in gait freezing and postural instability, relieved by pedunculopontine nucleus stimulation...
  47. ncbi Tai chi as a balance improvement exercise for older adults: a systematic review
    Hao Liu
    Physical Therapy Program, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA
    J Geriatr Phys Ther 33:103-9. 2010
    ..The purpose of this systematic review was to identify exercise parameters and the most common outcome measures used in tai chi (TC) research...
  48. pmc Muscle contributions to whole-body sagittal plane angular momentum during walking
    R R Neptune
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C2200, Austin, TX 78712 0292, USA
    J Biomech 44:6-12. 2011
    ..These results may provide insight into balance and movement disorders and provide a basis for developing locomotor therapies that target specific muscle groups...
  49. ncbi Postural stability of elderly submmitted to multisensorial physical therapy intervention
    F M Alfieri
    UNASP, São Paulo Adventist University Center, Brazil
    Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol 50:113-9. 2010
    ....
  50. doi Low vision affects dynamic stability of gait
    Ann Hallemans
    Research Group of Functional Morphology, Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Belgium
    Gait Posture 32:547-51. 2010
    ....
  51. pmc Integration of balance and strength training into daily life activity to reduce rate of falls in older people (the LiFE study): randomised parallel trial
    Lindy Clemson
    Ageing, Work, and Health Research Unit and the Centre for Excellence in Population Ageing Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, 2141 New South Wales, Australia
    BMJ 345:e4547. 2012
    ..To determine whether a lifestyle integrated approach to balance and strength training is effective in reducing the rate of falls in older, high risk people living at home...
  52. doi Effects of a high-intensity task-oriented training on gait performance early after stroke: a pilot study
    Jacqueline C Outermans
    Department of Physiotherapy, Institute for Human Movement Studies, University of Applied Sciences Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Clin Rehabil 24:979-87. 2010
    ....
  53. doi Effect of a perturbation-based balance training program on compensatory stepping and grasping reactions in older adults: a randomized controlled trial
    Avril Mansfield
    Heart and Stroke Foundation Centre for Stroke Recovery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Phys Ther 90:476-91. 2010
    ..Compensatory stepping and grasping reactions are prevalent responses to sudden loss of balance and play a critical role in preventing falls. The ability to execute these reactions effectively is impaired in older adults...
  54. doi A pilot randomized controlled trial of the Yoga of Awareness program in the management of fibromyalgia
    James W Carson
    Department of Anesthesiology and Peri Operative Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239 3011, USA
    Pain 151:530-9. 2010
    ..This pilot study provides promising support for the potential benefits of a yoga program for women with FM...
  55. pmc Cholinergic mesencephalic neurons are involved in gait and postural disorders in Parkinson disease
    Carine Karachi
    Universite Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6, CR Icm, UMR S975, Paris, France
    J Clin Invest 120:2745-54. 2010
    ..Our data therefore reveal that the cholinergic neurons of the PPN play a central role in controlling gait and posture and represent a possible target for pharmacological treatment of gait disorders in PD...
  56. doi Does a home-based strength and balance programme in people aged > or =80 years provide the best value for money to prevent falls? A systematic review of economic evaluations of falls prevention interventions
    J C Davis
    Centre for Hip Health and Mobility, University of British Columbia and Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, Vancouver, Canada
    Br J Sports Med 44:80-9. 2010
    ..To investigate the value for money of strategies to prevent falls in older adults living in the community...
  57. ncbi Correlation between body mass index and postural balance
    Julia Greve
    Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universsidade de São Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Clinics (Sao Paulo) 62:717-20. 2007
    ..To evaluate the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and postural balance in unipodal support...
  58. ncbi The effects of Tai Chi Chuan on physiological function and fear of falling in the less robust elderly: an intervention study for preventing falls
    Jian Guo Zhang
    College of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Nanjing Normal University, China
    Arch Gerontol Geriatr 42:107-16. 2006
    ..These suggest the effectiveness of TCC for intervention as a means to prevent falling among high-risk elderly populations...
  59. pmc Frailty and the degradation of complex balance dynamics during a dual-task protocol
    Hyun Gu Kang
    Institute for Aging Research, Hebrew SeniorLife, 1200 Centre Street, Boston, MA 02131, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 64:1304-11. 2009
    ....
  60. ncbi Ankle muscle stiffness in the control of balance during quiet standing
    D A Winter
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 85:2630-3. 2001
    ..92, confirming how closely the model approached a perfect spring that would have an R(2) = 1. These results confirm our model of a simple muscle stiffness control and refutes the criticisms...
  61. pmc A perturbation-based balance training program for older adults: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
    Avril Mansfield
    Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Geriatr 7:12. 2007
    ....
  62. ncbi Discordance between measured postural instability and absence of clinical symptoms in Parkinson's disease patients in the early stages of the disease
    Nathalie Chastan
    Department of Neurophysiology, Rouen University Hospital, Rouen, France
    Mov Disord 23:366-72. 2008
    ....
  63. ncbi Video game-based exercises for balance rehabilitation: a single-subject design
    Aimee L Betker
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 87:1141-9. 2006
    ....
  64. ncbi Environmental hazards and the risk of nonsyncopal falls in the homes of community-living older persons
    T M Gill
    Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06504, USA
    Med Care 38:1174-83. 2000
    ..Identifying and eliminating environmental hazards in the home has high face validity but little empirical support for fall prevention...
  65. ncbi Sensorimotor and cognitive deficits after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in the mouse
    Valentine Bouet
    UMR 6185 CNRS, Neurodegenerescence models and therapeutic strategies, University of Caen Basse Normandie, Cyceron, Bd H Becquerel BP 5229, F 14074 Caen cedex, France
    Exp Neurol 203:555-67. 2007
    ....
  66. ncbi Simplifying the complexities of maintaining balance
    Robert J Peterka
    Neurological Sciences Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 505 NW 185th Avenue, Beaverton, OR 97006, USA
    IEEE Eng Med Biol Mag 22:63-8. 2003
  67. ncbi The effects of balance training and high-intensity resistance training on persons with idiopathic Parkinson's disease
    Mark A Hirsch
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 84:1109-17. 2003
    ..To assess immediate and near-term effects of 2 exercise training programs for persons with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD)...
  68. pmc Added value of physical performance measures in predicting adverse health-related events: results from the Health, Aging And Body Composition Study
    Matteo Cesari
    Department of Aging and Geriatric Reseach, Institute on Aging, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 57:251-9. 2009
    ..To determine how three different physical performance measures (PPMs) combine for added utility in predicting adverse health events in elders...
  69. ncbi Feature selection of stabilometric parameters based on principal component analysis
    L Rocchi
    Biomedical Engineering Unit, Department of Electronics, Computer Science and Systems, University of Bologna, Italy
    Med Biol Eng Comput 42:71-9. 2004
    ..On the basis of the results obtained, some guidelines are suggested for the choice of stabilometric parameters to use, with the aim of promoting standardisation in quantitative posturography...
  70. doi Unilateral pedunculopontine stimulation improves falls in Parkinson's disease
    Elena Moro
    Division of Neurosurgery, 4 447 Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON, M5T 2S8 Canada
    Brain 133:215-24. 2010
    ..Our results suggest that pedunculopontine nucleus deep-brain stimulation may be effective in preventing falls in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease but that further evaluation of this procedure is required...
  71. pmc Children with cerebral palsy exhibit greater and more regular postural sway than typically developing children
    Stella F Donker
    Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 9, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Exp Brain Res 184:363-70. 2008
    ..Nonetheless, we concluded that CP children might benefit from therapies involving postural tasks with an external functional context for postural control...
  72. doi Consciously postural sway and cervical vertigo after whiplash injury
    Kenji Endo
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:E539-42. 2008
    ..Cross-sectional study of whiplash injury patients with vertigo and healthy volunteers consciously pretending to have postural sway as in malingering...
  73. doi Improvements of muscle strength predicted benefits in HRQOL and postural balance in women with fibromyalgia: an 8-month randomized controlled trial
    Pablo Tomas-Carus
    Department of Sport and Health, University of Evora, Evora, Portugal
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 48:1147-51. 2009
    ..To evaluate whether changes in muscle strength due to 32 weeks of supervised aquatic training predicted improvements on health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
  74. ncbi Deterministic center of pressure patterns characterize postural instability in Parkinson's disease
    Jennifer M Schmit
    Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, ML 0376, Cincinnati, OH 45221 0376, USA
    Exp Brain Res 168:357-67. 2006
    ..No cognitive load effects were found. The results are generally consistent with the hypothesis that pathological physiological systems exhibit a tendency for less flexible, more deterministic dynamic patterns...
  75. doi Effect of sagittal spinal balance, levels of posterior instrumentation, and length of follow-up on low back pain in patients undergoing posterior decompression and instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar spine disease: a multifactorial analysis
    Panagiotis Korovessis
    Orthopaedic Department and Institute for Radiology General Hospital Agios Andreas, 1 Tsertidou str, Patras, Greece
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:898-905. 2010
    ..Prospective controlled clinical study on low back pain (LBP)...
  76. pmc Center of pressure excursion as a measure of balance performance in patients with non-specific low back pain compared to healthy controls: a systematic review of the literature
    Alexander Ruhe
    Praxis fuer Chiropraktik Wolfsburg, Porschestrasse 1, 38440 Wolfsburg, Germany
    Eur Spine J 20:358-68. 2011
    ..No correlation between the pain intensity and the magnitude of COP excursions could be identified...
  77. pmc People with chronic low back pain exhibit decreased variability in the timing of their anticipatory postural adjustments
    Jesse V Jacobs
    Department of Rehabilitation and Movement Science, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    Behav Neurosci 123:455-8. 2009
    ..Thus, people with chronic LBP may be less capable of adapting their APAs to ensure postural stability during movement...
  78. ncbi Predictors of physical performance and functional ability in people 50+ with and without fibromyalgia
    C Jessie Jones
    Health Science Dept, California State University, Fullerton, Fullerton, CA, USA
    J Aging Phys Act 18:353-68. 2010
    ..Linear-regression models showed that the contribution of significant predictors was in expected directions. All regression models were significant, accounting for 16-65% of variance in the dependent variables...
  79. ncbi Postural control in patients with Down syndrome
    Manuela Galli
    Dipartimento di Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
    Disabil Rehabil 30:1274-8. 2008
    ..To assess postural control in individuals with Down syndrome...
  80. ncbi Sensorimotor postural rearrangement after unilateral vestibular deafferentation in patients with acoustic neuroma
    Cécile Parietti-Winkler
    Balance Control and Motor Performance, UFR STAPS, Henri Poincare University, Nancy 1, Villers les Nancy, France
    Neurosci Res 55:171-81. 2006
    ..The time-course implementation of central adaptive mechanisms, characterized by substitution by other sensory afferences and new behavioural strategies, leads to an improvement of balance performance...
  81. ncbi Relative contribution of the pressure variations under the feet and body weight distribution over both legs in the control of upright stance
    P R Rougier
    Laboratoire de Modelisation des Activites Sportives, UFR CISM, Universite de Savoie, Campus Scientifique de Savoie Technolac, F 73 376 Le Bourget du Lac, France
    J Biomech 40:2477-82. 2007
    ..In particular, the link between the segmental configuration of the lower limbs and these mechanisms are discussed...
  82. ncbi Preparation of anticipatory postural adjustments prior to stepping
    Colum D MacKinnon
    Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 645 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 1100, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    J Neurophysiol 97:4368-79. 2007
    ..These findings are consistent with a feedforward mode of neural control whereby the motor sequence, including the associated postural adjustments, is prepared before voluntary movement...
  83. ncbi A randomized, controlled trial of fall prevention programs and quality of life in older fallers
    Mau Roung Lin
    Institute of Injury Prevention and Control, College of Public Health and Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:499-506. 2007
    ....
  84. ncbi A five-week exercise program can reduce falls and improve obstacle avoidance in the elderly
    Vivian Weerdesteyn
    Sint Maartenskliniek Research, Development and Education, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Gerontology 52:131-41. 2006
    ..Although exercise programs have been shown to reduce the risk of falls, the optimal exercise components, as well as the working mechanisms that underlie the effectiveness of these programs, have not yet been established...
  85. pmc Development of multisensory reweighting for posture control in children
    Woei Nan Bair
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland at College Park, College Park, MD 20742 2611, USA
    Exp Brain Res 183:435-46. 2007
    ....
  86. ncbi Risk factors for falling in home-dwelling older women with stroke: the Women's Health and Aging Study
    S E Lamb
    Interdisciplinary Research Centre in Health, School of Health and Social Sciences, Coventry University Warwick West Midlands Primary Care Network, Coventry, UK
    Stroke 34:494-501. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of falling associated with commonly accepted and stroke-specific factors in a home-dwelling stroke population...
  87. doi The effect of balance training on balance performance in individuals poststroke: a systematic review
    Anat Lubetzky-Vilnai
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Neurol Phys Ther 34:127-37. 2010
    ..On the basis of this evidence, we also provide recommendations for exercise prescription in such programs...
  88. doi Post-stroke balance training: role of force platform with visual feedback technique
    Abhishek Srivastava
    Presently at, Center for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute, Mumbai 400053, India
    J Neurol Sci 287:89-93. 2009
    ..To evaluate the role of balance training on Force Platform with Visual Feedback technique (FPVF) in improving balance and functional outcome in chronic stroke survivors...
  89. doi Spinal curvature and postural balance in patients with osteoporosis
    Y Ishikawa
    Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Department of Neuro and Locomotor Science, School of Medicine, Akita University, 1 1 1 Hondo, Akita 010 8543, Japan
    Osteoporos Int 20:2049-53. 2009
    ..Lumbar (not thoracic) kyphosis and spinal inclination have a statistical correlation with postural sway. Postural deformity with lumber kyphosis may represent as a risk factor for falls...
  90. doi Characterisation of balance capacity in Prader-Willi patients
    Paolo Capodaglio
    Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Unit and Clinical Lab for Gait Analysis and Posture, Ospedale San Giuseppe, Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, via Cadorna 90, I 28824 Piancavallo, VB, Italy
    Res Dev Disabil 32:81-6. 2011
    ..In addition to weight loss, strengthening of ankle flexors/extensors, and balance training, tailored interventions aimed at improving A/P control should be given particular consideration...
  91. doi The pontomedullary reticular formation contributes to the compensatory postural responses observed following removal of the support surface in the standing cat
    Paul J Stapley
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Système Nerveux Centrale, Departement de Physiologie, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 101:1334-50. 2009
    ..These data show that neurons in the PMRF discharge strongly in response to unexpected perturbations and in a manner consistent with a contribution to the compensatory responses that restore equilibrium...
  92. pmc Differentiating fall-prone and healthy adults using local dynamic stability
    Thurmon E Lockhart
    Locomotion Research Laboratory, Grado Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA
    Ergonomics 51:1860-72. 2008
    ..The findings from this study suggest that local dynamic stability may be used as a potential fall predictor to differentiate fall-prone adults...
  93. doi Assessing and training standing balance in older adults: a novel approach using the 'Nintendo Wii' Balance Board
    William Young
    The School of Psychology, The Queen s University Belfast, 18 30 Malone Road, Belfast BT9 5BN, UK
    Gait Posture 33:303-5. 2011
    ..This technology provides a safe, adaptable and low-cost balance training/testing solution for older adults, particularly those at high-risk of falling...
  94. pmc Approximate entropy detects the effect of a secondary cognitive task on postural control in healthy young adults: a methodological report
    James T Cavanaugh
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of New England, Portland, ME, USA
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 4:42. 2007
    ..Our purpose was to further explore the responsiveness of ApEn by using it to evaluate the immediate, short-term effect of secondary cognitive task performance on postural control in healthy, young adults...
  95. pmc Falls: epidemiology, pathophysiology, and relationship to fracture
    Sarah D Berry
    Division of Gerontology, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 660 West Redwood Street, Suite 200, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Curr Osteoporos Rep 6:149-54. 2008
    ..In recent years, numerous studies have been directed toward the development of effective fall and fall-related fracture prevention interventions...
  96. doi Anticipatory postural adjustments associated with a forward leg raising in children: effects of age, segmental acceleration and sensory context
    Estelle Palluel
    Laboratoire TIMC IMAG, Equipe Sante, Plasticite, Motricite, UMR 5525, Universite Joseph Fourier CNRS, Grenoble, 38 706 La Tronche Cedex, France
    Clin Neurophysiol 119:2546-54. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of age, segmental acceleration and sensory context on anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) in a forward leg raising task...
  97. pmc Comparison of postural control in unilateral stance between healthy controls and lumbar discectomy patients with and without pain
    Katie Bouche
    Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium
    Eur Spine J 15:423-32. 2006
    ..In addition, the influence of the extent of disc resection (unilateral/bilateral removal) and the side of operation on static balance control were investigated...
  98. ncbi Risks of falls in subjects with multiple sclerosis
    Davide Cattaneo
    Neurological Rehabilitation Service, Don C Gnocchi Foundation IRCCS ONLUS, Milan, Italy
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 83:864-7. 2002
    ..To quantify fall risk among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and to report the importance of variables associated with falls...
  99. ncbi Acute effects and recovery time following concussion in collegiate football players: the NCAA Concussion Study
    Michael McCrea
    Neuroscience Center, Waukesha Memorial Hospital, Waukesha, Wis 53188, USA
    JAMA 290:2556-63. 2003
    ..Lack of empirical data on recovery time following sport-related concussion hampers clinical decision making about return to play after injury...
  100. ncbi Rating scale analysis of the Berg Balance Scale
    Diana L Kornetti
    Department of Physical Therapy, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Box 100154, UFHSC, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 85:1128-35. 2004
    ..To examine, using Rasch analysis, the rating scale performance of the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and to describe the 45/56 cutoff score in functional terms...
  101. ncbi Stimulus-dependent changes in the vestibular contribution to human postural control
    Massimo Cenciarini
    Neurological Sciences Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 505 NW 185th Ave, Beaverton, OR 97006, USA
    J Neurophysiol 95:2733-50. 2006
    ..GVS-evoked sway increased with increasing SS amplitude, and Wp measures derived from responses to GVS and from responses to SS rotations were highly correlated...

Research Grants98

  1. NEURAL CONTROL OF POSTURE AND STANCE
    JANE MACPHERSON; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Specific aim 3 examines the role of the isolated lumbosacral spinal cord in controlling the contact force to maintain postural orientation and equilibrium. ..
  2. Tai Chi and Parkinson's Disease
    Fuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study is unique because it represents an effort to offer a novel exercise intervention to a sample of PD patients who are confronted with postural instability and mobility problems. ..
  3. Tai Chi and Parkinson's Disease
    Fuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This study is unique because it represents an effort to offer a novel exercise intervention to a sample of PD patients who are confronted with postural instability and mobility problems. ..
  4. Ontogeny of spatial coding in the mouse utricle
    Timothy Jones; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Understanding the ontogeny of gravity reception and mechanisms controlling it will help provide the basis for identifying factors that can affect development and produce abnormal growth and function. ..
  5. MINORITY PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM
    PAULA YIM CHIPLIS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Results using sequential regression analysis, ANOVA, and ANCOVA will determine the importance of these health factors throughout the lifespan. ..
  6. LONG-TERM LORAZEPAM USE AND ACUTE TOXICITY IN THE AGED
    Nunzio Pomara; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..index of brain white matter organization) contribute most strongly to the acute effects of lorazepam on cognitive/motor performance or postural sway in elderly individuals receiving long-term lorazepam treatment for GAD? ..
  7. PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL POSTURAL DISORDERS IN THE ELDERLY
    Fay Horak; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Effective rehabilitation of balance disorders requires a better understanding of how kinesthetic information is used for joint alignment, postural verticality, postural orientation, and control of postural equilibrium responses. ..
  8. ERGONOMIC ASPECTS OF OLDER WORKERS POSTURAL BALANCE
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The results from the proposed study will provide scientific data to determine whether or not older workers are capable of performing tasks on ramp surfaces under various combinations of risk factors. ..
  9. Control of Balance during Human Walking
    ARTHUR KUO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. DYNAMIC POSTURAL EQUILIBRIUM
    STEVEN BOKER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  11. Lateral Stability and Falls in Aging
    Mark Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The relevance of this research to public health lies in its focus on understanding the causes and interventions for minimizing the devastating economic, societal, and personal consequences of age-associated falls. ..
  12. Lateral Stability and Falls in Aging
    Mark W Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The relevance of this research to public health lies in its focus on understanding the causes and interventions for minimizing the devastating economic, societal, and personal consequences of age-associated falls. ..
  13. Identification of Athletes at Risk for Traumatic Brain Injuries
    Semyon Slobounov; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This project seeks to develop new comprehensive concussion assessment procedures aimed at predicting subjects at risk for concussion and ultimately preventing multiple traumatic brain injuries. ..
  14. NORMAL AGING OF BRAIN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
    Edith Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Initiate longitudinal 4-year follow-up data collection to test hypotheses regarding selective accelerated deterioration of frontally-based brain systems in normal aging. ..
  15. Identification of Athletes at Risk for Traumatic Brain Injuries
    Semyon Slobounov; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This project seeks to develop new comprehensive concussion assessment procedures aimed at predicting subjects at risk for concussion and ultimately preventing multiple traumatic brain injuries. ..
  16. NORMAL AGING OF BRAIN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
    Edith Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Initiate longitudinal 4-year follow-up data collection to test hypotheses regarding selective accelerated deterioration of frontally-based brain systems in normal aging. ..
  17. CEREBELLAR STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION IN ALCOHOLISM
    Edith Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Identification of Athletes at Risk for Traumatic Brain Injuries
    Semyon Slobounov; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project seeks to develop new comprehensive concussion assessment procedures aimed at predicting subjects at risk for concussion and ultimately preventing multiple traumatic brain injuries. ..
  19. Identification of Athletes at Risk for Traumatic Brain Injuries
    Semyon Slobounov; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project seeks to develop new comprehensive concussion assessment procedures aimed at predicting subjects at risk for concussion and ultimately preventing multiple traumatic brain injuries. ..
  20. NORMAL AGING OF BRAIN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
    EDITH VIONI SULLIVAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Initiate longitudinal 4-year follow-up data collection to test hypotheses regarding selective accelerated deterioration of frontally-based brain systems in normal aging. ..
  21. Spinal Load and Stability during Pushing
    Michael Madigan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..e. the influence of the inertial mass of the pushed object, the velocity of movement, and compare the spinal loads and stability of pushing a cart versus pushing an overhead lift-assist device. ..
  22. Postural instability & visually-induced motion sickness
    THOMAS STOFFREGEN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The experimental' hypotheses focus on the combinations of frequency and amplitude that may produce postural instability and motion sickness, and on particular types of instability that may be expected. ..
  23. ROLE OF WALKING STABILITY IN FALLS AMONG THE ELDERLY
    Yi Chung Pai; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Aim 3: We will determine whether older adults decrease their fall incidence after repeated exposure to slips by improving gait stability and/or by enhancing their reactive responses. ..
  24. Motion Sensor Array for Vestibular-deficient Individuals
    Conrad Wall; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  25. CEREBELLAR STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION IN ALCOHOLISM
    Edith Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..systems in excess of those recruited by controls, and this would have the untoward outcome of reducing processing capacity available for simultaneous performance of other tasks, including maintenance of postural stability ..