Genomes and Genes
Summary: A state of the body being evenly balanced in POSTURE. The biomechanical responses of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM during standing, walking, sitting, and other movements.
Publications321 found, 100 shown here
- Objectively measured physical capability levels and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysisRachel Cooper
MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing and Division of Population Health, University College London, London WC1B 5JU
BMJ 341:c4467. 2010....
- Lower extremity function and subsequent disability: consistency across studies, predictive models, and value of gait speed alone compared with the short physical performance batteryJ M Guralnik
Epidemiology, Demography and Biometry Program, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 9205, USA
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 55:M221-31. 2000....
- Control of fast-reaching movements by muscle synergy combinationsAndrea d'Avella
Department of Neuromotor Physiology, Santa Lucia Foundation, 00179 Rome, Italy
J Neurosci 26:7791-810. 2006....
- Age- and gender-related test performance in community-dwelling elderly people: Six-Minute Walk Test, Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up & Go Test, and gait speedsTeresa M Steffen
Program in Physical Therapy, Concordia University Wisconsin, 12800 N Lake Shore Dr, Mequon, WI 53097, USA
Phys Ther 82:128-37. 2002..The purpose of this study was to provide data for 4 common clinical tests in a sample of community-dwelling older adults...
- A physiological profile approach to falls risk assessment and preventionStephen R Lord
Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, University of New South Wales, Barker Street, Randwick, New South Wales, 2031, Australia
Phys Ther 83:237-52. 2003..The PPA provides valid and reliable measurements that can be used for assessing falls risk and evaluating the effectiveness of interventions and is suitable for use in a range of physical therapy and health care settings...
- Human postural sway results from frequent, ballistic bias impulses by soleus and gastrocnemiusIan D Loram
Applied Physiology Research Group, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
J Physiol 564:295-311. 2005..These results complement and extend our recent demonstration that paradoxical muscle movements are the norm in human standing...
- Attention and the control of posture and gait: a review of an emerging area of researchMarjorie Woollacott
Department of Exercise and Movement Science, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
Gait Posture 16:1-14. 2002..g. Parkinson's disease) on the ability to allocate attention to postural tasks and appear to be sensitive measures in both predicting fall risk and in documenting recovery of stability...
- Postural orientation and equilibrium: what do we need to know about neural control of balance to prevent falls?Fay B Horak
Neurological Sciences Institute of Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA
Age Ageing 35:ii7-ii11. 2006..The effective rehabilitation of balance to improve mobility and to prevent falls requires a better understanding of the multiple mechanisms underlying postural control...
- Randomised controlled trial of a general practice programme of home based exercise to prevent falls in elderly womenA J Campbell
Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, Otago Medical School, New Zealand
BMJ 315:1065-9. 1997..To assess the effectiveness of a home exercise programme of strength and balance retraining exercises in reducing falls and injuries in elderly women...
- Validity and reliability of the Nintendo Wii Balance Board for assessment of standing balanceRoss A Clark
Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria 3010, Australia
Gait Posture 31:307-10. 2010..Given that the WBB is portable, widely available and a fraction of the cost of a FP, it could provide the average clinician with a standing balance assessment tool suitable for the clinical setting...
- Subject-specific muscle synergies in human balance control are consistent across different biomechanical contextsGelsy Torres-Oviedo
The Wallace H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Tech and Emory University, 313 Ferst Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322 0535, USA
J Neurophysiol 103:3084-98. 2010..Taken together, our results suggest that muscle synergies represent consistent motor modules that map intention to action, regardless of the biomechanical context of the task...
- The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) to differentiate balance deficitsFay B Horak
Department of Neurology, Oregon Health and Sciences University, West Campus, Building 1, 505 NW 185th Ave, Beaverton, OR 97006 3499, USA
Phys Ther 89:484-98. 2009..By identifying the disordered systems underlying balance control, therapists can direct specific types of intervention for different types of balance problems...
- Clinical measurement of sit-to-stand performance in people with balance disorders: validity of data for the Five-Times-Sit-to-Stand TestSusan L Whitney
Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, 6035 Forbes Tower, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Phys Ther 85:1034-45. 2005..The FTSST was compared with the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC) and the Dynamic Gait Index (DGI)...
- Test-retest reliability and minimal detectable change on balance and ambulation tests, the 36-item short-form health survey, and the unified Parkinson disease rating scale in people with parkinsonismTeresa Steffen
Program in Physical Therapy, Concordia University Wisconsin, Mequon, WI, USA
Phys Ther 88:733-46. 2008..Test and the Sharpened Romberg Test (SRT) with eyes open and closed, the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale, the Six-Minute Walk Test (6MWT), comfortable and fast gait speed, the Timed "Up & Go" Test (TUG), the Medical..
- Will my patient fall?David A Ganz
Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, Los Angeles, Calif 90073, USA
JAMA 297:77-86. 2007..However, clinical consensus suggests reserving these interventions for high-risk patients. Limiting fall prevention programs to high-risk patients implies that clinicians must recognize features that predict future falls...
- The clinical utility of posturographyJasper E Visser
Department of Neurology, Parkinson Center Nijmegen ParC, Donders Center for Neuroscience, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, P O Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Clin Neurophysiol 119:2424-36. 2008..We critically review the shortcomings of posturography as it is presently used, and conclude with several recommendations for future research...
- The condition for dynamic stabilityA L Hof
Institute of Human Movement Sciences, University of Groningen, University Hospital, PO Box 196, AD Groningen 9700, The Netherlands
J Biomech 38:1-8. 2005..Some experimental data of subjects standing on one or two feet, flatfoot and tiptoe, are presented to give an idea of the usual ranges of these margins of stability. Example data on walking are also presented...
- The test-retest reliability of centre of pressure measures in bipedal static task conditions--a systematic review of the literatureAlexander Ruhe
Murdoch University, Praxis fuer Chiropraktik Wolfsburg, Porschestrasse 1, 38440 Wolfsburg, Germany
Gait Posture 32:436-45. 2010..Conflicting data have been reported over the past 20 years regarding the reliability of COP measures and no standard procedure for COP measure use in study design has been established...
- Predictors of future falls in Parkinson diseaseG K Kerr
School of Human Movement Studies, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Royal Brisbane and Women s Hospital, Queensland, Australia
Neurology 75:116-24. 2010..The primary aim of this study was to prospectively determine an optimal combination of functional and disease-specific tests to predict falls in individuals with PD...
- A limited set of muscle synergies for force control during a postural taskLena H Ting
Wallace H Coulter Dept of Biomedical Engineering at Georgia Tech and Emory Univ, 313 Ferst Dr, Atlanta, GA 30322 0535, USA
J Neurophysiol 93:609-13. 2005..We suggest that, within the context of active balance control, postural synergies reflect a neural command signal that specifies endpoint force of a limb...
- Body weight is a strong predictor of postural stabilityOlivier Hue
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Division of Kinesiology, Laval University, PEPS, Quebec G1K 7P4, Canada
Gait Posture 26:32-8. 2007..Future studies should examine more closely the combined effect of aging and obesity on falling and injuries and the impact of obesity on the diverse range of activities of daily living...
- Humans use internal models to construct and update a sense of verticalityJulien Barra
Laboratoire de Psychologie et Neuropsychologie Cognitive, Universite Paris Descartes, FRE 3292, France
Brain 133:3552-63. 2010..We conclude that humans construct and update internal models of verticality in which somatosensory information plays an important role...
- An update on fallsBastiaan R Bloem
Department of Neurology, University Medical Centre St Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Curr Opin Neurol 16:15-26. 2003..In addition, falls pose high costs to the public health service. For these reasons, falls remain a popular topic for research. Here, we review several interesting developments that have been published during the past year...
- Attentional demands for postural control: the effects of aging and sensory reintegrationN Teasdale
Departement de Medecine sociale et preventive, Division de kinesiologie, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada G1K 7P4
Gait Posture 14:203-10. 2001....
- Walking speed, cadence and step length are selected to optimize the stability of head and pelvis accelerationsMark D Latt
Department of Geriatric Medicine, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, NSW, Australia
Exp Brain Res 184:201-9. 2008..The findings suggest that healthy young people walk in a manner that maximizes V and AP stability while maintaining adequate, though suboptimal ML stability...
- Choice stepping reaction time: a composite measure of falls risk in older peopleS R Lord
Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, Sydney, Australia
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 56:M627-32. 2001..This study investigated the neuropsychological, sensorimotor, speed, and balance contributions to a new test of choice stepping reaction time (CSRT) and determined whether this new test is an important predictor of falls in older people...
- Early and progressive sensorimotor anomalies in mice overexpressing wild-type human alpha-synucleinSheila M Fleming
Department of Neurology, The Mental Retardation Research Center, The David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 1769, USA
J Neurosci 24:9434-40. 2004..These behavioral deficits provide a useful way to assess novel drug therapy in genetic models of synucleinopathies...
- Disorders of balance and vestibular function in US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2004Yuri Agrawal
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 601 N Caroline St, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
Arch Intern Med 169:938-44. 2009....
- The effectiveness of exercise interventions for people with Parkinson's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysisVictoria A Goodwin
Primary Care Research Group, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, United Kingdom
Mov Disord 23:631-40. 2008..Questions remain around the optimal content of exercise interventions (dosing, component exercises) at different stages of the disease...
- Postural stability in the elderly: a comparison between fallers and non-fallersI Melzer
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev and Key Institute of Education, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva, Israel
Age Ageing 33:602-7. 2004..the identification of specific risk factors for falls in community-dwelling elderly persons is required to identify older people at risk of falling...
- A clinical test of stepping and change of direction to identify multiple falling older adultsWayne Dite
Royal Talbot Rehabilitation Centre, Physiotherapy Department, RMIT University, Faculty of Life Sciences, School of Medical Sciences, Melbourne, Australia
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 83:1566-71. 2002....
- The effect of Tai Chi on health outcomes in patients with chronic conditions: a systematic reviewChenchen Wang
Center for Clinical Evidence Synthesis, Division of Clinical Care Research, Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Arch Intern Med 164:493-501. 2004..To conduct a systematic review of reports on the physical and psychological effects of Tai Chi on various chronic medical conditions...
- Toward a new theory of motor synergiesMark L Latash
Dept of Kinesiology, Pennyslvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Motor Control 11:276-308. 2007..We show how this concept establishes links between the various accounts for how movement is organized in redundant effector systems...
- Accelerometers in rehabilitation medicine for older adultsK M Culhane
Biomedical Electronics Laboratory, Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland
Age Ageing 34:556-60. 2005..The challenge facing clinicians and biomedical engineers is to further harness this technology making it part of everyday clinical practice...
- Measures of postural steadiness: differences between healthy young and elderly adultsT E Prieto
Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53226, USA
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 43:956-66. 1996..The results of this study will be useful to researchers and clinicians using COP-based measures to evaluate postural steadiness...
- Otago home-based strength and balance retraining improves executive functioning in older fallers: a randomized controlled trialTeresa Liu-Ambrose
Centre for Hip Health, Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
J Am Geriatr Soc 56:1821-30. 2008....
- Enhanced somatosensory information decreases postural sway in older peopleF Qiu
Movement Neuroscience Program, Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation Domain, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
Gait Posture 35:630-5. 2012..Textured insole surfaces may afford a low-cost means of decreasing postural sway, providing an important intervention in falls prevention...
- Comparison of traditional and recent approaches in the promotion of balance and strength in older adultsUrs Granacher
Institute of Sport Science, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany
Sports Med 41:377-400. 2011..Further research is needed to confirm these results and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms responsible for the adaptive processes...
- Interventions for addressing low balance confidence in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysisDebbie Rand
Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Professions, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Age Ageing 40:297-306. 2011..low balance confidence is a major health problem among older adults restricting their participation in daily life...
- Task-level feedback can explain temporal recruitment of spatially fixed muscle synergies throughout postural perturbationsSeyed A Safavynia
Wallace H Coulter Dept of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Inst of Technology and Emory Univ, 313 Ferst Dr, Atlanta, GA 30332 0535, USA
J Neurophysiol 107:159-77. 2012....
- Age-related differences in walking stabilityHylton B Menz
Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, High Street, Randwick, New South Wales 2031, Australia
Age Ageing 32:137-42. 2003..a large proportion of falls in older people occur when walking; however the mechanisms underlying impaired balance during gait are poorly understood...
- Aging, muscle activity, and balance control: physiologic changes associated with balance impairmentCarrie A Laughton
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Center for BioDynamics, Boston University, 44 Cummington St, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Gait Posture 18:101-8. 2003..It is unclear whether increases in muscle activity preclude greater postural instability or if increased muscle activity is a compensatory response to increases in postural sway...
- Identification of neural feedback for upright stance in humans: stabilization rather than sway minimizationTim Kiemel
Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
J Neurosci 31:15144-53. 2011..The results suggest that the common assumption of reducing sway may not apply to musculoskeletal systems that are inherently unstable...
- Physical activity across adulthood and physical performance in midlife: findings from a British birth cohortRachel Cooper
MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Division of Population Health, University College London, United Kingdom
Am J Prev Med 41:376-84. 2011..It is unclear whether the benefits of physical activity accumulate across life or whether there are sensitive periods when physical activity is more influential...
- A meta-regression of the long-term effects of deep brain stimulation on balance and gait in PDR J St George
Department of Neurology, Oregon Health and Sciences University, 505 NW 185 Avenue, Beaverton, OR 97006, USA
Neurology 75:1292-9. 2010..This prompted us to conduct the first meta-regression of long-term studies of bilateral DBS in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and globus pallidus interna (GPi)...
- Gender-specific effect of obesity on balanceFrancesco Menegoni
Bioengineering Department, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:1951-6. 2009..Rehabilitation programs should take these findings into account by adopting specific interventions to improve ML control in obese males, and through weight loss and strengthening of ankle flexors/extensors in both genders...
- Role of the prefrontal cortex in human balance controlMasahito Mihara
Neurorehabilitation Research Institute, Morinomiya Hospital, Osaka, Japan
Neuroimage 43:329-36. 2008..Our results may facilitate the understanding of cortical mechanisms for balance control in humans and the underlying pathophysiology of falls...
- Assessment of vibrotactile feedback on postural stability during pseudorandom multidirectional platform motionKathleen H Sienko
Department ofMechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 57:944-52. 2010..However, the spatial resolution of the tactor displays did not affect subjects' performance, thereby supporting the use of a lower spatial resolution display in future device designs...
- Human body-segment tilts induced by galvanic stimulation: a vestibularly driven balance protection mechanismB L Day
MRC Human Movement and Balance Unit, Institute of Neurology, London, UK
J Physiol 500:661-72. 1997....
- Etiology and modification of gait instability in older adults: a randomized controlled trial of exerciseJ M Hausdorff
Gerontology Division, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Division on Aging, Harvard Medical School, Boston 02215, Massachusetts, USA
J Appl Physiol (1985) 90:2117-29. 2001....
- Power training improves balance in healthy older adultsRhonda Orr
School of Excercise and Sport Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, P O Box 170, Lidcombe, NSW, 1825, Australia
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 61:78-85. 2006..Age-related decline in muscle power may be an early indicator of balance deficits and fall risk, even in nonfrail adults. This study examined the dose-dependent effect of power training on balance performance in healthy older adults...
- A unified view of quiet and perturbed stance: simultaneous co-existing excitable modesRobert Creath
Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Neurosci Lett 377:75-80. 2005..They are "simultaneously co-existing excitable modes", both always present, but one of which may predominate depending upon the characteristics of the available sensory information, task or perturbation...
- Is fall prevention by vitamin D mediated by a change in postural or dynamic balance?H A Bischoff-Ferrari
Department of Rheumatology and Institute of Physical Medicine, University Hospital Zurich, Gloriastrasse 25, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland
Osteoporos Int 17:656-63. 2006....
- Development of an interactive game-based rehabilitation tool for dynamic balance trainingBelinda Lange
Medical Virtual Reality Group, Institute for Creative Technologies, University of Southern California, Playa Vista, California, USA
Top Stroke Rehabil 17:345-52. 2010..Overall, feedback was positive, and areas for improvement were identified. This preliminary research provides support for the development of a game that caters specifically to the key requirements of balance rehabilitation...
- Influence of postural anxiety on postural reactions to multi-directional surface rotationsM G Carpenter
Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada
J Neurophysiol 92:3255-65. 2004....
- Postural abnormalities to multidirectional stance perturbations in Parkinson's diseaseM G Carpenter
Department of ORL, University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 75:1245-54. 2004....
- Postural sway and effect of levodopa in early Parkinson's diseaseAnne Beuter
Institut de Cognitique, Universite Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France
Can J Neurol Sci 35:65-8. 2008..To characterize postural stability control and levodopa responsiveness in early Parkinson's disease (PD)...
- Effects of general and local fatigue on postural control: a reviewThierry Paillard
Laboratoire Activité Physique, Performance et Santé, EA 4445, Universite de Pau et des Pays de l Adour, Departement STAPS, ZA Bastillac Sud, 65000 Tarbes, France
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 36:162-76. 2012....
- Dynamic principles of gait and their clinical implicationsArthur D Kuo
Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2350 Hayward St, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2125, USA
Phys Ther 90:157-74. 2010..This article reviews the basic principles of dynamic walking and the associated experimental evidence for healthy gait and then considers how the principles may be applied to clinical gait pathologies...
- Community-based group exercise improves balance and reduces falls in at-risk older people: a randomised controlled trialAnne Barnett
Physiotherapy Department, Bankstown Lidcombe Hospital, Bankstown, 2200 Australia
Age Ageing 32:407-14. 2003....
- Is the Wii Fit a new-generation tool for improving balance, health and well-being? A pilot studyJ C Nitz
University of Queensland, Physiotherapy, St Lucia, Brisbane, Australia
Climacteric 13:487-91. 2010..The Nintendo Wii Fit is a new product that is purported to improve balance, strength, flexibility, fitness and general well-being. Currently, there are no controlled trials published to support such claims...
- Dual-tasking effects on gait variability: the role of aging, falls, and executive functionShmuel Springer
Movement Disorders Unit, Neurology Department, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
Mov Disord 21:950-7. 2006..In contrast, dual tasking destabilizes the gait of idiopathic elderly fallers, an effect that appears to be mediated in part by a decline in EF...
- Use of virtual reality technique for the training of motor control in the elderly. Some theoretical considerationsE D de Bruin
Inst f Bewegungswissenschaften u Sport, Wolfgang Pauli Str 27, 8093 Zurich, Schweiz
Z Gerontol Geriatr 43:229-34. 2010..This manuscript describes the potential of dance pad training protocols in the elderly and reports on the theoretical rationale of combining physical game-like exercises with sensory and cognitive challenges in a virtual environment...
- The effect of a cognitive-motor intervention on voluntary step execution under single and dual task conditions in older adults: a randomized controlled pilot studyGiuseppe Pichierri
Institute of Human Movement Sciences and Sport, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Clin Interv Aging 7:175-84. 2012....
- Cueing training in the home improves gait-related mobility in Parkinson's disease: the RESCUE trialA Nieuwboer
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 78:134-40. 2007..The Rehabilitation in Parkinson's Disease: Strategies for Cueing (RESCUE) trial investigated the effects of a home physiotherapy programme based on rhythmical cueing on gait and gait-related activity...
- Virtual reality rehabilitation of balance: assessment of the usability of the Nintendo Wii(®) Fit PlusDara Meldrum
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, School of Physiotherapy, Dublin, Ireland
Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 7:205-10. 2012..The aim of this study was to investigate the usability of the Nintendo Wii Fit Plus(®) (NWFP) in the treatment of balance impairment in vestibular and other neurological disease...
- The many roles of vision during walkingDavid Logan
Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 2611, USA
Exp Brain Res 206:337-50. 2010..Unlike during standing, vision plays many roles during locomotion, providing information for upright stability as well as body position relative to the external environment...
- Balance training and multi-task performance in seniorsU Granacher
University of Basel, Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, Basel, Switzerland
Int J Sports Med 31:353-8. 2010..Improvement of the secondary motor but not cognitive task may indicate the need for the involvement of motor and particularly cognitive tasks during BT...
- Is the stabilization of quiet upright stance in humans driven by synchronized modulations of the activity of medial and lateral gastrocnemius muscles?Taian M M Vieira
Laboratory for Engineering of the Neuromuscular System, Politecnico di Torino, Via Cavali 22 H 10138, Torino, Italy
J Appl Physiol (1985) 108:85-97. 2010..Hence, the stabilization of the quiet standing posture likely relies on flexible rather than stereotyped mechanisms of control...
- Is interindividual variability of EMG patterns in trained cyclists related to different muscle synergies?Francois Hug
University of Nantes, Laboratory Motricité, Interactions, Performance, EA 4334, 25 bis boulevard Guy Mollet, BP 72206, 44322 Nantes Cedex 3, France
J Appl Physiol (1985) 108:1727-36. 2010..The interindividual variability of EMG patterns observed during pedaling does not represent differences in the locomotor strategy for pedaling...
- Stability limits, single-leg jump, and body awareness in older Tai Chi practitionersAmanda L Gyllensten
Section of Physiotherapy, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 91:215-20. 2010..Cross-sectional study...
- The effects of vibrotactile biofeedback training on trunk sway in Parkinson's disease patientsW Nanhoe-Mahabier
Department of Neurology, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Parkinsonism Relat Disord 18:1017-21. 2012..Specifically, we investigated the effect of artificial vibrotactile biofeedback on trunk sway in PD...
- Physiological complexity and system adaptability: evidence from postural control dynamics of older adultsBrad Manor
Division of Gerontology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 110 Francis St Suite 1B, Boston, MA 02215, USA
J Appl Physiol (1985) 109:1786-91. 2010..Relatively low baseline complexity may, therefore, indicate control systems that are more vulnerable to cognitive and other stressors...
- A pilot study of Wii Fit exergames to improve balance in older adultsMaayan Agmon
University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
J Geriatr Phys Ther 34:161-7. 2011..To determine the safety and feasibility of using Nintendo Wii Fit exergames to improve balance in older adults...
- Frail institutionalized older persons: A comprehensive review on physical exercise, physical fitness, activities of daily living, and quality-of-lifeElizabeth Weening-Dijksterhuis
Centre for Applied Research in Health Care and Nursing, Hanze University Groningen, The Netherlands
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 90:156-68. 2011..The proposed intensity is moderate to high, assessed on a 0-10 scale for muscle strengthening activities. The training frequency was three times a week, and the total duration was at least 10 wks...
- Reducing the fear of falling among community-dwelling elderly adults through cognitive-behavioural strategies and intense Tai Chi exercise: a randomized controlled trialTzu Ting Huang
School of Nursing, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
J Adv Nurs 67:961-71. 2011..The prevalence of this fear ranges from 29% to 77%, indicating the importance of developing effective strategies to reduce fear of falling among elderly adults...
- Modular organization of balance control following perturbations during walkingAnderson Souza Castelo Oliveira
Center for Sensory Motor Interaction, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
J Neurophysiol 108:1895-906. 2012..Conversely, the activation signals were all substantially influenced by the perturbations, being the result of integration of afferent information and supraspinal control...
- Effects of multi-directional vibrotactile feedback on vestibular-deficient postural performance during continuous multi-directional support surface perturbationsK H Sienko
Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Harvard Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
J Vestib Res 18:273-85. 2008..Therefore, a spatial resolution of 90 degrees (4 columns) seems to be as effective as a spatial resolution of 22.5 degrees (16 columns) for control of standing...
- A randomised controlled trial of Tai Chi and resistance exercise on bone health, muscle strength and balance in community-living elderly peopleJean Woo
Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Department of Community and Family Medicine, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong
Age Ageing 36:262-8. 2007..These findings may not apply to elderly populations with limited ability to perform exercises of high intensity...
- Multi-modal exercise programs for older adultsMichael K Baker
The School of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, Australia
Age Ageing 36:375-81. 2007....
- Dual-tasking and gait in people with mild cognitive impairment. The effect of working memoryManuel Montero-Odasso
Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine, Parkwood Hospital, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON Canada
BMC Geriatr 9:41. 2009..In this study, our aim was to determine whether specific cognitive factors have a more identifiable effect on gait velocity during dual-tasking in people with MCI...
- A block to pre-prepared movement in gait freezing, relieved by pedunculopontine nucleus stimulationWesley Thevathasan
Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, UK
Brain 134:2085-95. 2011..These findings suggest a relative block to triggered, pre-prepared movement in gait freezing and postural instability, relieved by pedunculopontine nucleus stimulation...
- Postural stability of elderly submmitted to multisensorial physical therapy interventionF M Alfieri
UNASP, São Paulo Adventist University Center, Brazil
Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol 50:113-9. 2010....
- A feedback model explains the differential scaling of human postural responses to perturbation acceleration and velocityTorrence D J Welch
The Wallace H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 0535, USA
J Neurophysiol 101:3294-309. 2009..These results suggest that an invariant feedback law was used to generate the entire time course of muscle activity across a variety of postural disturbances...
- Effects of a high-intensity task-oriented training on gait performance early after stroke: a pilot studyJacqueline C Outermans
Department of Physiotherapy, Institute for Human Movement Studies, University of Applied Sciences Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Clin Rehabil 24:979-87. 2010....
- Muscle contributions to whole-body sagittal plane angular momentum during walkingR R Neptune
Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C2200, Austin, TX 78712 0292, USA
J Biomech 44:6-12. 2011..These results may provide insight into balance and movement disorders and provide a basis for developing locomotor therapies that target specific muscle groups...
- Effects of long-term tai chi practice on balance and H-reflex characteristicsHongwei Guan
Department of Health Promotion and Physical Education, Ithaca College, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
Am J Chin Med 39:251-60. 2011..Long-term Tai Chi exercisers also demonstrated different reflex modulation from a supine to standing position, and long-term Tai Chi practice may lead to a change of PRD modulation as neuroadaptation...
- Integration of balance and strength training into daily life activity to reduce rate of falls in older people (the LiFE study): randomised parallel trialLindy Clemson
Ageing, Work, and Health Research Unit and the Centre for Excellence in Population Ageing Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, 2141 New South Wales, Australia
BMJ 345:e4547. 2012..To determine whether a lifestyle integrated approach to balance and strength training is effective in reducing the rate of falls in older, high risk people living at home...
- Electromyographic responses from the hindlimb muscles of the decerebrate cat to horizontal support surface perturbationsClaire F Honeycutt
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30332 0356, USA
J Neurophysiol 101:2751-61. 2009....
- Effect of a perturbation-based balance training program on compensatory stepping and grasping reactions in older adults: a randomized controlled trialAvril Mansfield
Heart and Stroke Foundation Centre for Stroke Recovery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Phys Ther 90:476-91. 2010..Compensatory stepping and grasping reactions are prevalent responses to sudden loss of balance and play a critical role in preventing falls. The ability to execute these reactions effectively is impaired in older adults...
- Tai chi as a balance improvement exercise for older adults: a systematic reviewHao Liu
Physical Therapy Program, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA
J Geriatr Phys Ther 33:103-9. 2010..The purpose of this systematic review was to identify exercise parameters and the most common outcome measures used in tai chi (TC) research...
- Low vision affects dynamic stability of gaitAnn Hallemans
Research Group of Functional Morphology, Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Belgium
Gait Posture 32:547-51. 2010....
- Excessive postural sway and the risk of falls at different stages of Parkinson's diseaseAnna Frenklach
Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 5327, USA
Mov Disord 24:377-85. 2009..In dynamic conditions the SOTFSS was correlated with the retropulsion score from the UPDRS III (N = 102, P < 0.0001) and with the subjects' self-reported fall frequency from the UPDRS II (N = 62, SOT5: P = 0.0419, SOT6: P = 0.0034)...
- Intrasession reliability of center of pressure measures of postural steadiness in healthy elderly peopleDanik Lafond
Department of Kinesiology, University of Montreal, Downtown Station, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 85:896-901. 2004....
- A pilot randomized controlled trial of the Yoga of Awareness program in the management of fibromyalgiaJames W Carson
Department of Anesthesiology and Peri Operative Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239 3011, USA
Pain 151:530-9. 2010..This pilot study provides promising support for the potential benefits of a yoga program for women with FM...
- Does a home-based strength and balance programme in people aged > or =80 years provide the best value for money to prevent falls? A systematic review of economic evaluations of falls prevention interventionsJ C Davis
Centre for Hip Health and Mobility, University of British Columbia and Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, Vancouver, Canada
Br J Sports Med 44:80-9. 2010..To investigate the value for money of strategies to prevent falls in older adults living in the community...
- Cholinergic mesencephalic neurons are involved in gait and postural disorders in Parkinson diseaseCarine Karachi
Universite Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6, CR Icm, UMR S975, Paris, France
J Clin Invest 120:2745-54. 2010..Our data therefore reveal that the cholinergic neurons of the PPN play a central role in controlling gait and posture and represent a possible target for pharmacological treatment of gait disorders in PD...
- Sensorimotor and cognitive deficits after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in the mouseValentine Bouet
UMR 6185 CNRS, Neurodegenerescence models and therapeutic strategies, University of Caen Basse Normandie, Cyceron, Bd H Becquerel BP 5229, F 14074 Caen cedex, France
Exp Neurol 203:555-67. 2007....
- Correlation between body mass index and postural balanceJulia Greve
Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universsidade de São Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
Clinics (Sao Paulo) 62:717-20. 2007..To evaluate the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and postural balance in unipodal support...
- Ankle muscle stiffness in the control of balance during quiet standingD A Winter
Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada
J Neurophysiol 85:2630-3. 2001..92, confirming how closely the model approached a perfect spring that would have an R(2) = 1. These results confirm our model of a simple muscle stiffness control and refutes the criticisms...
- Discordance between measured postural instability and absence of clinical symptoms in Parkinson's disease patients in the early stages of the diseaseNathalie Chastan
Department of Neurophysiology, Rouen University Hospital, Rouen, France
Mov Disord 23:366-72. 2008....
- PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL POSTURAL DISORDERS IN THE ELDERLYFAY BAHLING HORAK; Fiscal Year: 2013..abstract_text> ..
- PREVENTION OF NEUROMOTOR DEFICITS WITH CHELATION THERAPYAmit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2000....
- WORKLOAD EFFECT ON TASK PERFORMANCE ON INCLINED SURFACEAmit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 1999....
- PREDICTIVE MODELING OF SLIPS AND FALLSRakie Cham; Fiscal Year: 1999..They will also investigate whether the subjective rating of slipperiness is affected by the task performed or whether a slip/fall has occurred. ..
- Ontogeny of spatial coding in the mouse utricleTimothy Jones; Fiscal Year: 2005..Understanding the ontogeny of gravity reception and mechanisms controlling it will help provide the basis for identifying factors that can affect development and produce abnormal growth and function. ..
- Next-day Behavioral Effects of TrazodoneAnthony Liguori; Fiscal Year: 2009..Ultimately, the results may alter the perception and prescription of this generally well-accepted compound. ..
- LONG-TERM LORAZEPAM USE AND ACUTE TOXICITY IN THE AGEDNunzio Pomara; Fiscal Year: 2005..index of brain white matter organization) contribute most strongly to the acute effects of lorazepam on cognitive/motor performance or postural sway in elderly individuals receiving long-term lorazepam treatment for GAD? ..
- ROLE OF POSTURAL STABILITY IN INDUSTRIAL FALLSAmit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 1992..Based on results of the present study, future studies with a larger worker population are planned to develop intervention strategies for fall prevention...
- MINORITY PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAMPAULA YIM CHIPLIS; Fiscal Year: 2004..Results using sequential regression analysis, ANOVA, and ANCOVA will determine the importance of these health factors throughout the lifespan. ..
- DYNAMIC POSTURAL EQUILIBRIUMSTEVEN BOKER; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- NORMAL AGING OF BRAIN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONEDITH VIONI SULLIVAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..Initiate longitudinal 4-year follow-up data collection to test hypotheses regarding selective accelerated deterioration of frontally-based brain systems in normal aging. ..
- CEREBELLAR STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION IN ALCOHOLISMEdith Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Spinal Load and Stability during PushingMichael Madigan; Fiscal Year: 2005..e. the influence of the inertial mass of the pushed object, the velocity of movement, and compare the spinal loads and stability of pushing a cart versus pushing an overhead lift-assist device. ..
- PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL POSTURAL DISORDERS IN THE ELDERLYFay Horak; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- EFFECTS OF DBS ON POSTURE AND OROMOTOR CONTROLFay Horak; Fiscal Year: 2005..Quantifying two types of postural and oromotor control in the same subjects will also substantially increase our understanding of the role of the basal ganglia in axial motor control. ..
- Adaptation of Spatial Orientation in Locomotion and PostureFAY BAHLING HORAK; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- VESTIBULAR SOMATOSENSORY INTERACTIONS FOR HUMAN POSTUREFay Horak; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Motion Sensor Array for Vestibular-deficient IndividualsConrad Wall; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Limb Loading and Weight Transfer During Stroke RecoveryVicki Mercer; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- ROLE OF WALKING STABILITY IN FALLS AMONG THE ELDERLYYi Chung Pai; Fiscal Year: 2007..Aim 3: We will determine whether older adults decrease their fall incidence after repeated exposure to slips by improving gait stability and/or by enhancing their reactive responses. ..
- Developmental integration of posture and manual controlJEFFREY HADDAD; Fiscal Year: 2006..This ability may be important in normal development, and may help further understand the onset of developmental coordination disorders. ..
- Postural instability & visually-induced motion sicknessTHOMAS STOFFREGEN; Fiscal Year: 2006..The experimental' hypotheses focus on the combinations of frequency and amplitude that may produce postural instability and motion sickness, and on particular types of instability that may be expected. ..
- Ameliorating Disability through Power TrainingJonathan Bean; Fiscal Year: 2006..It will provide important insights into exercise's role in preserving late life functioning. ..
- VIRTUAL REALITY IN BALANCE DISORDERSSusan Whitney; Fiscal Year: 2007..The data derived from the above three goals will help direct a randomized clinical trial that will assist in determining if virtual reality is an effective method of intervention with persons with vestibular dysfunction. ..
- High Force Resistance Training and Dopamine Replacement Effects on Hypokinesia inLELAND DIBBLE; Fiscal Year: 2007..This process will allow us to better understand the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of strengthening exercise for persons with Parkinson disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- SENSORIMOTOR INTEGRATION IN HUMAN POSTURAL CONTROLRobert Peterka; Fiscal Year: 2009..A better understanding of these active regulatory processes may lead to new rehabilitative methods and new clinical balance-function tests. ..
- Reducing falls in the elderly: beyond the laboratory to the communityMark D Grabiner; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Lateral Stability and Falls in AgingMark W Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2010..The relevance of this research to public health lies in its focus on understanding the causes and interventions for minimizing the devastating economic, societal, and personal consequences of age-associated falls. ..
- A Novel Post-Menopausal Osteoporosis Screening ToolAmit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2005..Once the proposed technique shows promise future prospective study will allow determination of the effectiveness of the technique to diagnose individuals at risk for fracture, pre-clinically. ..
- Control of Balance during Human WalkingARTHUR KUO; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL ABUSE ON THE AGING BRAINGeorge Fein; Fiscal Year: 2004..g., brain "functional reserve," presence of the APOE-epsilon4 allele) that may modulate the effects of chronic alcohol abuse/dependence and age on brain structure and function. ..
- LATERAL STABILITY DURING INDUCED STEPPING IN THE ELDERLYMark Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2003..Identifying key motor control processes underlying protective stepping behavior as a function of age and future risk of falls will improve our understanding of the pathogenesis of disablement. ..
- ERGONOMIC ASPECTS OF OLDER WORKERS POSTURAL BALANCEAmit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2001..The results from the proposed study will provide scientific data to determine whether or not older workers are capable of performing tasks on ramp surfaces under various combinations of risk factors. ..
- POSTURAL STABILITY EFFECTS IN LOW SEAM MINING TASKSAmit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- NEW METHOD TO IDENTIFY UNILATERAL VESTIBULAR DYSFUNCTIONRobert Peterka; Fiscal Year: 2002..Experimental results from subjects with different levels of partial unilateral vestibular loss will determine the effectiveness and reliability of the proposed new rotation test. ..
- CHRONIC COCAINE ABUSE EFFECTS ON P50 AND P3A ERPSGeorge Fein; Fiscal Year: 2001..Finally, samples of active cocaine abusers will be studied. ..
- BIOMECHANICS OF AVOIDING A FALL FOLLOWING A SLIPMark Grabiner; Fiscal Year: 2004..The health-relatedness of the project is that it will contribute to further systematic design and testing of intervention methods that may effectively reduce the number of slip-related injuries and deaths, particularly in older adults. ..
- Tai Chi Training and Sleep Enhancement in the ElderlyFuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- The Dorsal Wrist: Function in the Normal & Injured StateRita Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Biomechanics of Slips in Older AdultsRakie Cham; Fiscal Year: 2009..This fundamental knowledge is required to plan, to develop and to implement effective deficits-targeted interventions focused on minimizing the risk of falling in the workplace. ..
- Mechanistic model of multisensory postural controlJohn Jeka; Fiscal Year: 2005..Future work will address patient populations with similar techniques to determine the basis of their balance deficits. ..
- Sign Chi Do Exercise for Adaptation to AgingCarol Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2010..A mind, body, spiritual physical activity will contribute to the body of knowledge for future program development. ..
- TENDON FORCE DURING OCCUPATIONAL HAND ACTIVITIESDavid Rempel; Fiscal Year: 2001..The proposed study is a collaborative effort between the University of California Ergonomics Program (UCSF), Hand and Microsurgery (UCSP), Mechanical Engineering (UC Berkeley), and the Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute. ..
- Home-based vs. Supervised Exercise for ClaudicantsAndrew W Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Exercise, Physical Function, and Parkinson's DiseaseMargaret L Schenkman; Fiscal Year: 2010..Further, we expect the PD-specific targeted intervention to be more effective than general endurance training or 'standard-of-care'at improving overall physical function. ..
- EFFECT OF POTASSIUM BICARBONATE ON BONE AND MUSCLEBess Dawson Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- MULTISENSORY INTEGRATION AND HUMAN POSTURAL CONTROLJohn Jeka; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- VESTIBULAR INFLUENCES ON SPATIAL ORIENTATIONRichard Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Finite element modeling of Colles' fracturesKAREN TROY; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- FLEXIBILITY OF LEARNING IN INFANT SKILL ACQUISITIONKAREN ADOLPH; Fiscal Year: 2005..In addition, results may have practical applications for promoting new skills in typically developing infants and children with motor impairments. ..
- Active MEMS Neural ClampsRanu Jung; Fiscal Year: 2006..Such electrodes will advance our capabilities of scientific investigation of neural function in awake subjects and in the development of advanced neuroprosthetic products for rehabilitation. ..
- Massaging Preterm Infants Enhances GrowthTiffany Field; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Predicting Positive Outcomes among Cancer SurvivorsStephanie Reid Arndt; Fiscal Year: 2005..By elucidating factors associated with positive and/or negative outcomes among cancer survivors, this project will serve as a foundation for future intervention programs and future research examining long-term functional outcomes. ..
- A Multimedia Program to Promote Exercise by Older AdultsA Irvine; Fiscal Year: 2005..Delivered via Internet/Intranet or CD/DVD-ROM, the system may be used from homes or in conjunction with classes in senior centers. The program will be evaluated in a randomized trial. ..
- Mechanism of Opiate Induced Audiovestibular DysfunctionGail Ishiyama; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- PharmaScan 70/16 In-Vivo Spectroscopy/Imaging SystemRanu Jung; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Interaction of Serotonin & Cholinergic Systems After TBIANTHONY KLINE; Fiscal Year: 2004..The long-term goal is to develop pharmacotherapies that attenuate posttraumatic neuronal cell death and facilitate cognitive performance after human TBI. ..
- CARE OF THE AGED: A MULTIMEDIA STAFF DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMA Irvine; Fiscal Year: 2002..In Phase II, the program's content will be expanded, and it will be evaluated with a randomized trial at multiple residential worksites. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: Not available ..
- Coordination of reaching in healthy adult and strokeJohn Scholz; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- LOW BACK PAIN IN CYCLIC AND PROLONGED ACTIVITIESMoshe Solomonow; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Neuromechanics of Multifunctionality in AplysiaHillel Chiel; Fiscal Year: 2008..These studies will lead to a deeper understanding of the neuromechanical principles underlying multifunctionality. ..