Genomes and Genes
Summary: Awareness of oneself in relation to time, place and person.
Publications187 found, 100 shown here
- View-based strategy for reorientation by geometryTommaso Pecchia
Center for Mind and Brain Sciences, University of Trento, Corso Bettini, 31 38068 Rovereto, Italy
J Exp Biol 213:2987-96. 2010..These findings provide evidence that view-based strategies to reorient by geometry could be used by animals...
- Revisiting the role of spatial frequencies in the holistic processing of facesOlivia S Cheung
Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 34:1327-36. 2008..These results demonstrate that it is necessary to use measures that take response biases into account in order to fully understand the holistic nature of face processing...
- High-field fMRI unveils orientation columns in humansEssa Yacoub
Center for Magnetic Resonance Research, Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota Medical School, 2021 6th Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:10607-12. 2008..b>Orientation columns in visual cortex are perhaps the best known example of such a functional organization in the brain...
- Object detection and basic-level categorization: sometimes you know it is there before you know what it isMichael L Mack
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 15:28-35. 2008..The time course of object detection and object categorization can be selectively manipulated. They are not intrinsically linked. As soon as you know an object is there, you do not necessarily know what it is...
- Inhibition of return in subliminal letter primingYousri Marzouki
Aix Marseille University, Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, 3 Place Victor Hugo, Marseille Cedex 1, France
Acta Psychol (Amst) 129:112-20. 2008....
- Early lateralization and orientation tuning for face, word, and object processing in the visual cortexBruno Rossion
Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, University of Louvain, Belgium
Neuroimage 20:1609-24. 2003..Scalp EEG (53 channels) was recorded in 15 subjects performing an orientation decision task with pictures of faces, words, and cars presented upright or inverted...
- Predicting the orientation of invisible stimuli from activity in human primary visual cortexJohn Dylan Haynes
Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Nat Neurosci 8:686-91. 2005..owing to the low spatial resolution of conventional human neuroimaging techniques compared to the size of orientation columns in visual cortex...
- The influence of orientation jitter and motion on contour saliency and object identificationGeir Eliassen Nygård
Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, University of Leuven, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Vision Res 49:2475-84. 2009..We manipulated low-level properties, such as element orientation and local motion, while incorporating higher-level properties, such as object complexity and identity, and ..
- Population receptive fields of ON and OFF thalamic inputs to an orientation column in visual cortexJianzhong Jin
Department of Biological Sciences, State University of New York, College of Optometry, New York, New York, USA
Nat Neurosci 14:232-8. 2011..cortex of primates and carnivores is organized into columns of neurons with similar preferences for stimulus orientation, but the developmental origin and function of this organization are still matters of debate...
- A functional link between area MSTd and heading perception based on vestibular signalsYong Gu
Deptartment of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
Nat Neurosci 10:1038-47. 2007..This study provides evidence that links single-unit activity to spatial perception mediated by vestibular signals, and supports the idea that the role of MSTd in self-motion perception extends beyond optic flow processing...
- Place cells, grid cells, and the brain's spatial representation systemEdvard I Moser
Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience and Centre for the Biology of Memory, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7489 Trondheim, Norway
Annu Rev Neurosci 31:69-89. 2008....
- Highly selective receptive fields in mouse visual cortexCristopher M Niell
Department of Physiology, W M Keck Foundation Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
J Neurosci 28:7520-36. 2008..neglected in mice perhaps because of their poor spatial acuity and the lack of columnar organization such as orientation maps...
- Orientation discrimination performance is predicted by GABA concentration and gamma oscillation frequency in human primary visual cortexRichard A E Edden
School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AT, United Kingdom
J Neurosci 29:15721-6. 2009Neuronal orientation selectivity has been shown in animal models to require corticocortical network cooperation and to be dependent on the presence of GABAergic inhibition...
- Holistic processing is not correlated with face-identification accuracyYaroslav Konar
Department of Psychology, Neuroscience, and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
Psychol Sci 21:38-43. 2010..These findings are inconsistent with the claim that holistic processing, as indexed by the composite face effect, significantly influences accuracy in a face-identification task...
- Figural aftereffects in the perception of facesM A Webster
Department of Psychology, University of Nevada, Reno 89557, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 6:647-53. 1999..Our results suggest that in normal viewing, figural aftereffects may strongly influence form perception and could provide a novel method for probing properties of human face perception...
- Orienting attention in time: behavioural and neuroanatomical distinction between exogenous and endogenous shiftsJ T Coull
Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, 12 Queen Square, London, UK
Neuropsychologia 38:808-19. 2000..These findings suggest that distinct brain areas are involved in redirecting attention based upon sensory events (bottom-up, exogenous shifts) and based upon cognitive expectations (top-down, endogenous shifts)...
- Spatial memory: how egocentric and allocentric combineNeil Burgess
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Anatomy, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
Trends Cogn Sci 10:551-7. 2006..Identifying the neuronal mechanisms and functional roles of each type of representation, and of their interactions, promises to provide a framework for investigation of the organization of human memory more generally...
- Shared computational mechanism for tilt compensation accounts for biased verticality percepts in motion and pattern visionM De Vrijer
Department of Biophysics, Institute of Neuroscience, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Neurophysiol 99:915-30. 2008..of object motion in external space, the brain must combine retinal motion signals and information about the orientation of the eyes in space...
- Spontaneously emerging cortical representations of visual attributesTal Kenet
Department of Neurobiology, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Nature 425:954-6. 2003..such activity encompasses a set of dynamically switching cortical states, many of which correspond closely to orientation maps...
- Microstructure of a spatial map in the entorhinal cortexTorkel Hafting
Centre for the Biology of Memory, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7489 Trondheim, Norway
Nature 436:801-6. 2005..Grids of neighbouring cells share a common orientation and spacing, but their vertex locations (their phases) differ...
- Neural mechanisms of orientation selectivity in the visual cortexD Ferster
Department of Neurobiology and Physiology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
Annu Rev Neurosci 23:441-71. 2000The origin of orientation selectivity in the responses of simple cells in cat visual cortex serves as a model problem for understanding cortical circuitry and computation...
- Development of attentional networks in childhoodM Rosario Rueda
Sackler Institute, Weill Medical College, New York, USA
Neuropsychologia 42:1029-40. 2004..A final experiment with forty 7-year-old children suggested that children like adults showed independence between the three networks under some conditions...
- Configuration influence on crowdingTomer Livne
Department of Neurobiology, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
J Vis 7:4.1-12. 2007..random), while still preserving pairwise relationships between the target and flankers. Orientation discrimination and contrast detection of the central Gabor were measured...
- Overrepresentation of horizontal and vertical orientation preferences in developing ferret area 17B Chapman
Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, Am Klopferspitz 18a, 82152 Munich-Martinsried, Germany
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:2609-14. 1998..principles of visual cortical organization is that neurons form a "map" in which neighboring cells have similar orientation preferences...
- Neural correlates of multisensory cue integration in macaque MSTdYong Gu
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
Nat Neurosci 11:1201-10. 2008..These findings show that perceptual cue integration occurs in nonhuman primates and identify a population of neurons that may form its neural basis...
- Feedback signals from cat's area 21a enhance orientation selectivity of area 17 neuronsC Wang
Discipline of Anatomy and Histology, School of Medical Sciences and Bosch Institute F13, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Exp Brain Res 182:479-90. 2007..originating from one of the "form-processing" extrastriate cortical areas, area 21a (A21a), to orientation selectivity of single neurons in the ipsilateral area 17 (A17)...
- Space and time in visual contextOdelia Schwartz
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Jack and Pearl Resnick Campus, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, New York 10461 718 430 2000, USA
Nat Rev Neurosci 8:522-35. 2007..We concentrate on perhaps the best studied test case, namely orientation or tilt, which gives rise to the notorious tilt illusion and the adaptation tilt after-effect...
- Posterior parahippocampal gyrus lesions in the human impair egocentric learning in a virtual environmentGodehard Weniger
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Gottingen, Von Siebold Str 5, D 37075 Gottingen, Germany
Eur J Neurosci 24:2406-14. 2006..Moreover, access to both allocentric and egocentric streams of spatial information may enable the posterior PHG to construct a global and comprehensive representation of spatial environments...
- Cross-orientation transfer of adaptation for facial identity is asymmetric: a study using contrast-based recognition thresholdsXiaoyue M Guo
Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA, USA
Vision Res 49:2254-60. 2009..When adapting and test stimuli shared the same orientation, aftereffects were similar for upright and inverted faces...
- When are attention and saccade preparation dissociated?Artem V Belopolsky
Department of Cognitive Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Psychol Sci 20:1340-7. 2009..The findings provide a new view, demonstrating that the maintenance of attention and shifting of attention differ in their relationship to the oculomotor system...
- Antennal circadian clocks coordinate sun compass orientation in migratory monarch butterfliesChristine Merlin
Department of Neurobiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA
Science 325:1700-4. 2009..Here, we show that the antennae are necessary for proper time-compensated Sun compass orientation in migratory monarch butterflies, that antennal clocks exist in monarchs, and that they likely provide the ..
- Navigational abilities of adult and experienced homing pigeons deprived of olfactory or trigeminally mediated magnetic informationAnna Gagliardo
Dipartimento di Biologia, University of Pisa, Italy
J Exp Biol 212:3119-24. 2009..Our data show that even in trained adult pigeons, olfactory cues are needed for homing from unfamiliar locations and that the lack of magnetic information does not affect navigational abilities of experienced adult homing pigeons...
- Activational rather than navigational effects of odors on homing of young pigeonsPaulo E Jorge
Centro de Biologia Ambiental, Museu Nacional de Historia Natural, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
Curr Biol 19:650-4. 2009..These findings show that odors, rather than providing navigational information, activate a nonolfactory path integration system...
- Facial perception of conspecifics: chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) preferentially attend to proper orientation and open eyesSatoshi Hirata
Hayashibara Biochemical Laboratories, Inc, Great Ape Research Institute, Tamano, Okayama, Japan
Anim Cogn 13:679-88. 2010..The pictures presented conspecific faces with open or closed eyes in an upright or inverted orientation in a frame...
- Spatial interactions in upright and inverted faces: re-exploration of spatial scale influenceValerie Goffaux
Maastricht Brain Imaging Center M BIC, Department of Neurocognition, Faculty of Psychology, University of Maastricht, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Masstricht, The Netherlands
Vision Res 49:774-81. 2009..Spatial interactions are strong at upright, but not inverted orientation. Recent evidence indicated spatial interactions root in the low spatial frequencies (LSF) of face stimulus...
- GABA concentration is reduced in visual cortex in schizophrenia and correlates with orientation-specific surround suppressionJong H Yoon
Department of Psychiatry and Imaging Research Center, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95817, USA
J Neurosci 30:3777-81. 2010..We further tested the GABA hypothesis by examining the relationship between visual cortical GABA levels and orientation-specific surround suppression (OSSS), a behavioral measure of visual inhibition thought to be dependent on ..
- Local or global? Attentional selection of spatial frequencies binds shapes to hierarchical levelsAnastasia V Flevaris
Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, 3210 Tolman Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
Psychol Sci 21:424-31. 2010....
- Poor haptic orientation discrimination in nonsighted children may reflect disruption of cross-sensory calibrationMonica Gori
Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Via Morego 30, 16163 Genoa, Italy
Curr Biol 20:223-5. 2010..and haptic information optimally, but that one or the other sense prevails: touch for size and vision for orientation discrimination...
- The functional impact of mental imagery on conscious perceptionJoel Pearson
Vanderbilt Vision Research Center and Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
Curr Biol 18:982-6. 2008..Effects of imagery and perception were location and orientation specific, accumulated in strength over time, and survived an intervening visual task lasting several seconds ..
- Spatial orientation in DrosophilaTroy Zars
Division of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
J Neurogenet 23:104-10. 2009Spatial orientation is critical for many behaviors. Intrinsic to the oriented state is the knowledge of past, present, and future spatial location relative to one or more landmarks...
- Rapid perceptual switching of a reversible biological figureStuart Jackson
Cognitive Science, UCD School of Computer Science and Informatics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland, UK
PLoS ONE 3:e3982. 2008..In summary, we have demonstrated that the temporal dynamics of reversal with biological motion are similar to other forms of ambiguous SFM. We conclude that perceptual switching with biological motion is a robust bistable phenomenon...
- Sensitivity of MEG and EEG to source orientationSeppo P Ahlfors
MGH HST Athinoula A Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital Harvard Medical School, 149 13th Street, Rm 2301, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
Brain Topogr 23:227-32. 2010..We quantified computationally the dependency of MEG and EEG on the source orientation using a forward model with realistic tissue boundaries...
- A Bayesian framework for cue integration in multistable grouping: Proximity, collinearity, and orientation priors in zigzag latticesPeter M E Claessens
Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
J Vis 8:33.1-23. 2008..In rectangular lattices, distance ratio and global orientation of rows and columns were manipulated...
- A controlled-attention view of working-memory capacityM J Kane
Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, USA
J Exp Psychol Gen 130:169-83. 2001..In both experiments, low-span participants performed poorly when task switching from antisaccade to prosaccade blocks. The findings support a controlled-attention view of WM capacity...
- Temporal-frequency tuning of cross-orientation suppression in the cat striate cortexJ D Allison
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA
Vis Neurosci 18:941-8. 2001..The spatial selectivity of cross-orientation suppression (XOR) has been described, so for this paper we investigated the temporal properties of XOR...
- Response of MSTd neurons to simulated 3D orientation of rotating planesHiroki Sugihara
Laboratory of Neural Control, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Aichi 444-8585, Japan
J Neurophysiol 87:273-85. 2002..we chose a planar stimulus and examined the relation between the neural responses and the simulated 3D orientation of the plane defined by motion cues...
- Categorical perception of face identity in noise isolates configural processingE McKone
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, USA
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 27:573-99. 2001..The CP-in-noise signature phenomenon was then used to show that configural processing survives image plane rotations of 45 degrees-90 degrees...
- Posterior parietal cortex neurons encode target motion in world-centered coordinatesUwe J Ilg
Department of Cognitive Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tubingen, Hoppe Seyler Str 3, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Neuron 43:145-51. 2004..Rather than signaling object image motion on the retina, they represent object motion in world-centered coordinates. This representation may simplify the coordination of object-directed action and ego motion-invariant visual perception...
- Artificial scotoma-induced perceptual distortions are orientation dependent and short livedChris Tailby
Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, 3052, Australia
Vis Neurosci 21:79-87. 2004..perceptual distortions are generated by dynamic alteration of connection efficacy within a network linking cortical areas of similar orientation specificity, consistent with established anatomical and physiological results.
- Immediate spatial distortions of pointing movements induced by visual landmarksJorn Diedrichsen
University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
Percept Psychophys 66:89-103. 2004..We argue that even early memory representations for pointing movements are influenced by visual information in the surrounding visual field...
- Decoding the visual and subjective contents of the human brainYukiyasu Kamitani
ATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories, 2 2 2 Hikaridai, Keihanna Science City, Kyoto 619 0288, Japan
Nat Neurosci 8:679-85. 2005..We investigated whether the perception of edge orientation, a fundamental visual feature, can be decoded from human brain activity measured with functional magnetic ..
- Interpretation of a discontinuity in the sense of verticality at large body tiltRonald G Kaptein
Department of Biophysics, University of Nijmegen, 6525 EZ Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Neurophysiol 91:2205-14. 2004Results of earlier spatial-orientation studies focusing on the sense of verticality have emphasized an intriguing paradox...
- Orientation-specific adaptation in human visual cortexGeoffrey M Boynton
The Salk Institute, La Jolla, California 92037 1099, USA
J Neurosci 23:8781-7. 2003..measuring the fMRI response to sequential pairs of sinusoidal gratings that had either the same or orthogonal orientation. The adaptation hypothesis predicts that brain areas with orientation-selective neurons should show a more ..
- Human walking along a curved path. I. Body trajectory, segment orientation and the effect of visionGregoire Courtine
INSERM Motricité and Plasticité, University of Burgundy, Dijon, France
Eur J Neurosci 18:177-90. 2003Task-related characteristics of gait and segment orientation during natural locomotion along a curved path have been described in order to gain insight into the neural organization of walking...
- Word meaning and the control of eye fixation: semantic competitor effects and the visual world paradigmFalk Huettig
Department of Psychology, University of York, York, UK
Cognition 96:B23-32. 2005..We conclude that eye movements are driven by the degree of match, along various dimensions that go beyond simple visual form, between a word and the mental representations of objects in the concurrent visual field...
- Enhanced and diminished visuo-spatial information processing in autism depends on stimulus complexityArmando Bertone
Visual Psychophysics and Perception Laboratory, Ecole d Optometrie, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Canada
Brain 128:2430-41. 2005..wherein the only factor dichotomizing performance was the neural complexity required to discriminate grating orientation. The ability of persons with autism was found to be superior for identifying the orientation of simple, ..
- Honeybee odometry: performance in varying natural terrainJuergen Tautz
, , , Germany
PLoS Biol 2:E211. 2004..The bee's perception of distance flown is therefore not absolute, but scene-dependent. These findings raise important and interesting questions about how these animals navigate reliably...
- How the viewing of familiar landscapes prior to release allows pigeons to home faster: evidence from GPS trackingDora Biro
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, UK
J Exp Biol 205:3833-44. 2002..analytical techniques enabled by the high-resolution GPS data (track efficiency, virtual vanishing bearings, orientation threshold), we localised the preview effect to the first 1000 m of the journey...
- Differential influence of hands posture on mental rotation of hands and feet in left and right handersSilvio Ionta
Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience, Brain Mind Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Exp Brain Res 195:207-17. 2009..Posture and view effects on body parts representations are discussed with respect to proprioception, handedness, visual familiarity and the influence of anatomical joint constraints on motor imagery...
- Passive flow through an unstalked intertidal ascidian: orientation and morphology enhance suspension feeding in Pyura stoloniferaN A Knott
School of Biological Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong NSW 2522, Australia
Biol Bull 207:217-24. 2004..We predicted that its orientation to prevailing currents and the arrangement of its siphons would induce passive flow due to dynamic pressure at ..
- Masking disrupts reentrant processing in human visual cortexJ J Fahrenfort
University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Cogn Neurosci 19:1488-97. 2007..From these results, we conclude that masking derives its effectiveness, at least partly, from disrupting reentrant processing, thereby interfering with the neural mechanisms of figure-ground segmentation and visual awareness itself...
- Orientation-selective adaptation and tilt after-effect from invisible patternsS He
Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, 75 East River Road, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
Nature 411:473-6. 2001..insensitive to faint test patterns that resemble the pre-exposed pattern (such as gratings of the same orientation), and we require more contrast to detect them...
- Attentional persistence for features of hierarchical patternsL C Robertson
Neurology Service, Veterans Administration Medical Center, Martinez, California 94553, USA
J Exp Psychol Gen 125:227-49. 1996..The effects last for up to 3 s without diminution and are not affected by changes in color, polarity, or contrast. These findings are discussed as they relate to spatial attention, object perception, and memory...
- Hands up: attentional prioritization of space near the handCatherine L Reed
Department of Psychology, University of Denver, Denver, CO 80208, USA
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 32:166-77. 2006..Hand presence affected attentional prioritization of space, not the shifting of attention...
- Does attention move or spread during mental curve tracing?David Crundall
School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England
Percept Psychophys 70:374-88. 2008..The results argue against a spreading trace of attention that encompasses the whole line...
- Inhibition of return in single and dual tasks: examining saccadic, keypress, and pointing responsesJay Pratt
Department of Psychology, University of Tornto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Percept Psychophys 70:257-65. 2008....
- A further test of sequential-sampling models that account for payoff effects on response bias in perceptual decision tasksAdele Diederich
Jacobs University Bremen, Bremen, Germany
Percept Psychophys 70:229-56. 2008..Overall, the two-stage-processing hypothesis gave the best account, with respect both to choice probabilities and to observed mean RTs and mean RT patterns within a choice pair...
- [Influence of typical size of objects in a categorization task]Laurent Ferrier
LaMéCo, Université Montpellier 3
Can J Exp Psychol 61:316-21. 2007..In that way, we propose that participants could automatically simulate the typical size as soon as they perceived the drawings of objects with homegenous sizes...
- Shifts of spatial attention in perceived 3-D spaceShihui Han
Department of Psychology, Peking University, 5 Yiheyuan Road, Beijing 100871, P R China
Q J Exp Psychol A 58:753-64. 2005..The results suggest that exogenous but not endogenous attention operates in perceived 3-D space...
- Dyslexics are impaired on implicit higher-order sequence learning, but not on implicit spatial context learningJames H Howard
Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064, USA
Neuropsychologia 44:1131-44. 2006..The specific nature of their learning deficit is consistent with reports of physiological and anatomical differences for individuals with dyslexia in frontal and cerebellar structures...
- The orienting of visuospatial attention: an event-related brain potential studyDurk Talsma
Center for Cognitive Neurosciences, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 25:117-29. 2005..This result suggests a relatively late (re)activation in visual areas associated with the processing of stimuli that had not been cued in advance...
- Direction-of-motion discrimination is facilitated by visible motion smearJianliang Tong
University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204 2020, USA
Percept Psychophys 69:48-55. 2007..To evaluate the contribution of information about orientation from motion smear, thresholds for orientation discrimination were measured using parallel lines with the same ..
- Failures to ignore entirely irrelevant distractors: the role of loadSophie Forster
Department of Psychology, University College London, USA
J Exp Psychol Appl 14:73-83. 2008..These findings establish a new laboratory measure of a form of distractibility common to everyday life and highlight load as an important determinant of such distractibility...
- Covert orienting: a compound-cue account of the proportion cued effectEvan F Risko
Psychology Department, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
Psychon Bull Rev 15:123-7. 2008..The results of two experiments support this account...
- The role of speed lines in subtle direction judgmentsNestor Matthews
Department of Psychology, Denison University, Granville, OH 43023, USA
Vision Res 45:1629-40. 2005Stimuli moving in slightly different directions trace trajectories that differ slightly in orientation. These different 'speed lines', in principle, could generate responses in orientation mechanisms, and such responses could determine ..
- Extending Fitts' Law to manual obstacle avoidanceSteven A Jax
Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, 213 Korman Building, 1200 West Tabor Road, Philadelphia, PA 19141, USA
Exp Brain Res 180:775-9. 2007..This is an encouraging outcome because it suggests that the physical layout of the workspace can be used to predict MTs for obstacle avoiding movements, an accomplishment that fits with the spirit of Fitts' Law...
- Visuospatial attention shifts by gaze and arrow cues: an ERP studyJari K Hietanen
Human Information Processing Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Tampere, Finland
Brain Res 1215:123-36. 2008..These results provide further support for earlier behavioral and neuroimaging studies indicating that automatic orienting of attention by arrow cues and gaze cues are based on different neural mechanisms...
- Grasp cueing shows obligatory attention to action goalsMartin H Fischer
School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK
Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61:860-8. 2008..These results might help to characterize the human mirror neuron system and reveal how joint attention tunes early perceptual processes toward action prediction...
- An event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging study of voluntary and stimulus-driven orienting of attentionJ Michelle Kincade
Department of Psychology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri 63130-4899, USA
J Neurosci 25:4593-604. 2005..Finally, both ventral and dorsal regions were modulated during reorienting but significantly only by reorienting after voluntary shifts, suggesting the importance of a mismatch between expectation and sensory input...
- The development of nonverbal working memory and executive control processes in adolescentsMonica Luciana
Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 55455, USA
Child Dev 76:697-712. 2005..Strategic self-organization develops until ages 16 to 17 years. Recognition memory did not appear to develop over this age range. Implications for prefrontal cortex organization by level of processing are discussed...
- Cortical expressions of inhibition of returnDavid J Prime
Universite de Montreal, 303, 195 Côte Ste Catherine, Outremont, QC, Canada H2V 2B1
Brain Res 1072:161-74. 2006....
- Change blindness and visual memory: visual representations get rich and act poorD Alexander Varakin
Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, USA
Br J Psychol 97:51-77. 2006....
- Independent, synchronous access to color and motion featuresAlex O Holcombe
School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Cognition 107:552-80. 2008..The timing of attentional cueing affected feature pairing reports as much as the timing of the features themselves...
- Cue validity modulates the neural correlates of covert endogenous orienting of attention in parietal and frontal cortexSimone Vossel
Institute of Medicine, Research Centre Julich, 52425 Julich, Germany
Neuroimage 32:1257-64. 2006..We conclude that the amount of top-down information provided by predictive cues influences the neural correlates of reorienting of visuospatial attention by modulating activation of a right fronto-parietal attentional network...
- Primes and targets in rapid chases: tracing sequential waves of motor activationThomas Schmidt
Department of Psychology, University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany
Behav Neurosci 120:1005-16. 2006..Results indicated that nonoverlapping feedforward signals by primes and targets traverse the visuomotor system in a rapid chase, controlling associated motor responses in strict sequence...
- Accessory stimuli modulate effects of nonconscious primingRico Fischer
Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany
Percept Psychophys 69:9-22. 2007..The results suggest that the presentation of an accessory stimulus facilitates response activation processes because of the participants' enhanced level of preparation for stimulus processing...
- Is location cueing inherently superior to color cueing? Not if color is presented early enoughRonen Kasten
Department of Psychology, The University of Haifa, Haifa 31905, Israel
Acta Psychol (Amst) 127:89-102. 2008..Overall, the results suggest that the time course of color cueing is not inherently different from that of location cueing once its main disadvantages are removed...
- Walking through doorways causes forgetting: situation models and experienced spaceGabriel A Radvansky
Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA
Mem Cognit 34:1150-6. 2006..Simpler memory-based accounts that do not take into account the context in which a person is embedded cannot adequately account for the results...
- Warning signals influence motor processingJillian H Fecteau
Center for Neuroscience Studies, Canadian Institute of Health Research Group in Sensory Motor Systems, Department of Physiology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
J Neurophysiol 97:1600-9. 2007..In the discussion, we describe the implications and limitations of these data for theories of warning effects and potential avenues for future research...
- The neural correlates of attention orienting in visuospatial working memory for detecting feature and conjunction changesYei Yu Yeh
Department of Psychology, National Taiwan University, No 1, Sec 4, Roosevelt Rd, Taipei, Taiwan 106
Brain Res 1130:146-57. 2007..The left IFG was correlated with memory retrieval of the cued representation for conjunction detection, and the right posterior PCu was associated with maintenance and memory retrieval among competing stimuli...
- The contribution of the human PPC to the orienting of visuospatial attention during smooth pursuitAnthony S Drew
Department of Human Physiology and Institute of Neuroscience, University of Oregon, 122C Esslinger Hall, Eugene, OR, 97403 1240, USA
Exp Brain Res 179:65-73. 2007..This pattern of results implies that both the left and right PPC are directly involved in the interaction between attention and smooth pursuit preparation...
- How much like a target can a mask be? Geometric, spatial, and temporal similarity in priming: a reply to Schlaghecken and Eimer (2006)Alejandro Lleras
Department of PsychologyUniversity of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
J Exp Psychol Gen 135:495-500. 2006..Briefly, target-mask similarity determines how motor preparation is accumulated during the prime-mask sequence...
- Visual working memory as the substrate for mental rotationJoo seok Hyun
University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 14:154-8. 2007..More broadly, the nature of the information being stored--not the nature of the operations performed on this information--may determine which subsystem stores the information...
- Lack of set size effects in spatial updating: Evidence for offline updatingEric Hodgson
Department of Psychology, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:854-66. 2006..e., offline updating). These results support M. Amorim, S. Glasauer, K. Corpinot, and A. Berthoz's (1997) 2-system model of spatial updating that includes both online and offline updating...
- Performance-related activity in medial rostral prefrontal cortex (area 10) during low-demand tasksSam J Gilbert
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University, College London, London, England
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 32:45-58. 2006..Thus, at least under certain circumstances, medial rostral PFC appears to support attention toward the external environment, facilitating performance in situations that do not require extensive processing of experimental stimuli...
- An effect of spatial-temporal association of response codes: understanding the cognitive representations of timeAntonino Vallesi
Cognitive Neuroscience Sector, SISSA ISAS, Trieste, Italy
Cognition 107:501-27. 2008..e., 3 short and 3 long durations). The compatibility effect between hand and duration was replicated, but followed a rectangular function of the duration. The shape of this function is discussed in relation to the specific task demands...
- Spatial attention triggered by unimodal, crossmodal, and bimodal exogenous cues: a comparison of reflexive orienting mechanismsValerio Santangelo
Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi 78, 00185, Rome, Italy
Exp Brain Res 173:40-8. 2006....
- Attentional selection and identification of visual objects are reflected by distinct electrophysiological responsesVeronica Mazza
Department of Cognitive Sciences and Education, University of Trento, Trento, Italy
Exp Brain Res 181:531-6. 2007....
- Object location memory: the interplay of multiple representationsHongBin Wang
School of Health Information Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
Mem Cognit 33:1147-59. 2005..If these interfering representations are eliminated, the performance is again improved. The implications of these findings for general human spatial cognition are discussed...
- Attentional networks in normal aging and Alzheimer's diseaseDiego Fernandez-Duque
Villanova University and Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Science Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Neuropsychology 20:133-43. 2006..Conflict resolution was impaired only in AD. Orienting remained unchanged across groups. These findings provide evidence of different life span developmental and clinical trajectories for each attentional network...
- Change detection evokes a Simon-like effectGiovanni Galfano
Dipartimento di Psicologia dello Sviluppo e della Socializzazione, Universita di Padova, Via Venezia, 8, 35131 I Padova, Italy
Acta Psychol (Amst) 127:186-96. 2008..Overall, our findings show that a Simon-like effect can only be observed under conditions of explicit change detection, likely because a shift of attention towards the change location has occurred...
Research Grants177 found, 100 shown here
- Modeling the Effects of Aging on MemoryRobert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2006..In addition, the studies will demonstrate that perceptual processing abilities must be considered and either controlled for or manipulated in cognitive aging research. ..
- Response Selection as a Function of AgeRobert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002..These guidelines will lead to development of products and environments that allow elderly adults to remain more independent and to engage safely in more activities in their daily lives. ..
- TRAINING PROGRAM IN DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGYJanellen Huttenlocher; Fiscal Year: 2007..Postdoctoral trainees will have at least two mentors from the training faculty and will join a rich environment for postdoctoral investigations in the Department of Psychology. ..
- CEREBRAL ORGANIZATION FOLLOWING COCHLEAR IMPLANTSTEPHEN LOMBER; Fiscal Year: 2005..The results from these studies will be directly applicable to clinical situations concerning the functional outcomes of cochlear implants in young children. ..
- DEVELOPMENT OF fMRI COMPATIBLE REVERSIBLE DEACTIVATIONSTEPHEN LOMBER; Fiscal Year: 2005..Such a development should have wide appeal and will greatly advance our ability to dissect functional circuits with fMRI. ..
- NEUROMODULATION AND CORTICAL MEMORY FUNCTIONMichael Hasselmo; Fiscal Year: 2007..I-m), and testing time course of mGluR modulation of transmission in s. I-m. Understanding these mechanisms may assist in development of pharmacological treatments for Alzheimer's disease. ..
- LIMITING FACTORS IN NORMAL AND AMBLYOPIC SPATIAL VISIONDennis Levi; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Eye Movements, Gaze Correction, and Visual Short-Term MemoryAndrew Hollingworth; Fiscal Year: 2007..Thus, the proposed research will provide essential information for understanding conditions that involve deficits in the control of gaze. ..
- LIMITING FACTORS IN NORMAL AND AMBLYOPIC SPATIAL VISIONDENNIS MICHAEL LEVI; Fiscal Year: 2011..abstract_text> ..
- A Spiking Model of Hippocampus for Guiding BehaviorMichael Hasselmo; Fiscal Year: 2006..U., which focuses on modeling operant tasks used in experimental studies of drug self-administration phenomena, in work supported by a supplement to a previous grant from NIDA. ..
- LIMITING FACTORS IN NORMAL AND AMBLYOPIC SPATIAL VISIONDennis Levi; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- CHOLINERGIC REGULATION OF ENTORHINAL NETWORK FUNCTIONMichael Hasselmo; Fiscal Year: 2004..Understanding of the cellular effects of acetylcholine involved in these processes could allow targeting of specific receptor effects in the treatment of disorders. ..
- A Dynamic Process Approach to Cognitive RepresentationJohn Lipinski; Fiscal Year: 2006..This empirical work will lay the essential groundwork for development of a formal model linking linguistic and non-linguistic representations of space. ..
- NEUROMODULATION AND CORTICAL MEMORY FUNCTIONMichael Hasselmo; Fiscal Year: 2004..Research could guide combined use of drugs influencing GABAb and ACh receptors. ..
- Scene Perception and visual MemoryAndrew Hollingworth; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Mechanisms of Entorhinal Cortex FunctionMichael E Hasselmo; Fiscal Year: 2010..Together these studies will assist in understanding the dynamic role of entorhinal cortex in representing environmental stimuli for active maintenance and encoding into episodic memory. ..
- Egocentric reference frames in memoryDavid Waller; Fiscal Year: 2005..Findings may also lead to ways of improving spatial abilities in the general population. ..
- NEUROMODULATION AND CORTICAL MEMORY FUNCTIONMichael Hasselmo; Fiscal Year: 2009..I-m), and testing time course of mGluR modulation of transmission in s. I-m. Understanding these mechanisms may assist in development of pharmacological treatments for Alzheimer's disease. ..
- A new approach to restoring visual acuity and stereopsis in adults and children wDENNIS MICHAEL LEVI; Fiscal Year: 2010..The relevance of this project is in developing new, effective interventions for restoring visual acuity and stereopsis in adults and children with amblyopia. ..
- Eye Movements, Gaze Correction, and Visual Short-Term MemoryANDREW R HOLLINGWORTH; Fiscal Year: 2010..Thus, the proposed research will provide essential information for understanding conditions that involve deficits in the control of gaze. ..
- NEUROMODULATION AND CORTICAL MEMORY FUNCTIONMichael E Hasselmo; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- FLEXIBILITY OF LEARNING IN INFANT SKILL ACQUISITIONKAREN ADOLPH; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, the proposed methods, conceptual framework, and findings can provide the basis for assessing flexibility in children with motor impairments and for tracking improvements in flexibility with therapy. ..
- SPATIAL SUMMATION AND DYNAMICS OF VISUAL NEURONSRobert Shapley; Fiscal Year: 1992..It also has great relevance to retinal or neurological diseases which may affect the M or P cells selectively. Thus, this project has relevance to medical diagnosis and treatment of visual diseases in humans...
- Enhancement of Dynamic Media for Visually-Impaired PeoplePETER JOHN BEX; Fiscal Year: 2010..This project contributes directly to public health by developing a low cost image enhancement system for use by this growing population of visually impaired people. ..
- Psychophysical Correlates of Neurodegeneration in GlaucomaPETER JOHN BEX; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed program of research develops new diagnostics that are sensitive to the early stages of neuro-degeneration in glaucoma. ..
- The Logic of Motion Perception and Motion UnderstandingDavid Gilden; Fiscal Year: 2006..Patterns of facilitation and inhibition are used to decide what aspects of motion information receive implicit registration. ..
- Learning and Adaptation in Primary Visual CortexANDREW TEICH; Fiscal Year: 2005The goal of this proposal is to investigate the mechanism by which learning and adaptation can alter the orientation tuning of neurons in primary visual cortex...
- Visual Dysfunction in Retinal DegenerationsKenneth Alexander; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Eyestrain in RadiologistsElizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2009..Only by developing a better understanding of the nature of observer error, may we discover effective approaches to reducing the errors. ..
- Optimized Compression for Telepathology Virtual SlidesElizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Inferring Cortical Feed-Forward and Feedback Processes with Human NeuroimagingSEPPO AHLFORS; Fiscal Year: 2007..It could lead to a better understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying cognitive functions, as well as to potential applications for revealing mechanisms of neural disorders. ..
- fMRI Investigation of Active Maintenance in SchizophreniaJONG YOON; Fiscal Year: 2007..I plan to conduct these studies employing sophisticated neuroimaging and analytical techniques to examine the dynamic interactions of the DLPFC with the visual system. ..
- Selective Attention and Control Mechanisms in the BrainJOSEPH HOPFINGER; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Optimized Compression for Telepathology Virtual SlidesElizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CLOCK GENESSTEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2001..Increased understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of biological clock function will facilitate the development of better treatment strategies for a wide range of disorders. ..
- OPTOTRAK MOTION MEASUREMENT SYSTEMKAREN ADOLPH; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Neural Mechanisms of Motion Sensitivity in V1 and MTLUIS LESMES; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..