orientation

Summary

Summary: Awareness of oneself in relation to time, place and person.

Top Publications

  1. doi View-based strategy for reorientation by geometry
    Tommaso Pecchia
    Center for Mind and Brain Sciences, University of Trento, Corso Bettini, 31 38068 Rovereto, Italy
    J Exp Biol 213:2987-96. 2010
  2. doi Revisiting the role of spatial frequencies in the holistic processing of faces
    Olivia S Cheung
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 34:1327-36. 2008
  3. pmc High-field fMRI unveils orientation columns in humans
    Essa Yacoub
    Center for Magnetic Resonance Research, Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota Medical School, 2021 6th Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:10607-12. 2008
  4. doi Spatial orientation in Drosophila
    Troy Zars
    Division of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    J Neurogenet 23:104-10. 2009
  5. doi A Bayesian framework for cue integration in multistable grouping: Proximity, collinearity, and orientation priors in zigzag lattices
    Peter M E Claessens
    Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    J Vis 8:33.1-23. 2008
  6. ncbi Reward expectation, orientation of attention and locus coeruleus-medial frontal cortex interplay during learning
    Sebastien Bouret
    Neuromodulation et Processus Mnésiques, CNRS UMR 7102, Universite Pierre and Marie Curie, 9 Quai St Bernard, 75005 Paris, France
    Eur J Neurosci 20:791-802. 2004
  7. pmc GABA concentration is reduced in visual cortex in schizophrenia and correlates with orientation-specific surround suppression
    Jong H Yoon
    Department of Psychiatry and Imaging Research Center, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95817, USA
    J Neurosci 30:3777-81. 2010
  8. doi Place cells, grid cells, and the brain's spatial representation system
    Edvard I Moser
    Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience and Centre for the Biology of Memory, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7489 Trondheim, Norway
    Annu Rev Neurosci 31:69-89. 2008
  9. pmc Cardinal rules: visual orientation perception reflects knowledge of environmental statistics
    Ahna R Girshick
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, New York, USA
    Nat Neurosci 14:926-32. 2011
  10. pmc Estimating three-dimensional orientation of human body parts by inertial/magnetic sensing
    Angelo Maria Sabatini
    The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant Anna, Piazza Martiri della Libertà 33, 56124 Pisa, Italy
    Sensors (Basel) 11:1489-525. 2011

Research Grants

  1. Modeling the Effects of Aging on Memory
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2006
  2. Response Selection as a Function of Age
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002
  3. NEURAL BASIS OF SPATIAL COGNITION
    JEFFREY TAUBE; Fiscal Year: 2003
  4. NEURAL BASIS OF SPATIAL COGNITION
    JEFFREY TAUBE; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF DIRECTIONAL ORIENTATION
    JEFFREY TAUBE; Fiscal Year: 2004
  6. Motor, Vestibular, and Mnemonic Interactions in Directional Heading Perceptions
    JEFFREY STEVEN TAUBE; Fiscal Year: 2010
  7. NEURAL BASIS OF SPATIAL COGNITION
    JEFFREY TAUBE; Fiscal Year: 2009
  8. Motor, Vestibular, and Mnemonic Interactions in Directional Heading Perceptions
    JEFFREY TAUBE; Fiscal Year: 2009
  9. Motor, Vestibular, and Mnemonic Interactions in Directional Heading Perceptions
    JEFFREY TAUBE; Fiscal Year: 2009
  10. TRAINING PROGRAM IN DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
    Janellen Huttenlocher; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications240 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi View-based strategy for reorientation by geometry
    Tommaso Pecchia
    Center for Mind and Brain Sciences, University of Trento, Corso Bettini, 31 38068 Rovereto, Italy
    J Exp Biol 213:2987-96. 2010
    ..These findings provide evidence that view-based strategies to reorient by geometry could be used by animals...
  2. doi Revisiting the role of spatial frequencies in the holistic processing of faces
    Olivia S Cheung
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 34:1327-36. 2008
    ..These results demonstrate that it is necessary to use measures that take response biases into account in order to fully understand the holistic nature of face processing...
  3. pmc High-field fMRI unveils orientation columns in humans
    Essa Yacoub
    Center for Magnetic Resonance Research, Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota Medical School, 2021 6th Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:10607-12. 2008
    ..b>Orientation columns in visual cortex are perhaps the best known example of such a functional organization in the brain...
  4. doi Spatial orientation in Drosophila
    Troy Zars
    Division of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    J Neurogenet 23:104-10. 2009
    Spatial orientation is critical for many behaviors. Intrinsic to the oriented state is the knowledge of past, present, and future spatial location relative to one or more landmarks...
  5. doi A Bayesian framework for cue integration in multistable grouping: Proximity, collinearity, and orientation priors in zigzag lattices
    Peter M E Claessens
    Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    J Vis 8:33.1-23. 2008
    ..In rectangular lattices, distance ratio and global orientation of rows and columns were manipulated...
  6. ncbi Reward expectation, orientation of attention and locus coeruleus-medial frontal cortex interplay during learning
    Sebastien Bouret
    Neuromodulation et Processus Mnésiques, CNRS UMR 7102, Universite Pierre and Marie Curie, 9 Quai St Bernard, 75005 Paris, France
    Eur J Neurosci 20:791-802. 2004
    ..Neuronal activity related to orientation of attention, reward predictability, reward itself, and changes in stimulus reinforcement contingencies, was ..
  7. pmc GABA concentration is reduced in visual cortex in schizophrenia and correlates with orientation-specific surround suppression
    Jong H Yoon
    Department of Psychiatry and Imaging Research Center, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95817, USA
    J Neurosci 30:3777-81. 2010
    ..We further tested the GABA hypothesis by examining the relationship between visual cortical GABA levels and orientation-specific surround suppression (OSSS), a behavioral measure of visual inhibition thought to be dependent on ..
  8. doi Place cells, grid cells, and the brain's spatial representation system
    Edvard I Moser
    Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience and Centre for the Biology of Memory, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7489 Trondheim, Norway
    Annu Rev Neurosci 31:69-89. 2008
    ....
  9. pmc Cardinal rules: visual orientation perception reflects knowledge of environmental statistics
    Ahna R Girshick
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, New York, USA
    Nat Neurosci 14:926-32. 2011
    ..We found this to be the case. We measured performance in an orientation-estimation task and found that orientation judgments were more accurate at cardinal (horizontal and vertical) ..
  10. pmc Estimating three-dimensional orientation of human body parts by inertial/magnetic sensing
    Angelo Maria Sabatini
    The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant Anna, Piazza Martiri della Libertà 33, 56124 Pisa, Italy
    Sensors (Basel) 11:1489-525. 2011
    ..biomedical engineering, robotics, virtual reality, where they can also be applied for real-time tracking of the orientation of human body parts in the three-dimensional (3D) space...
  11. ncbi Selectivity and spatial distribution of signals from the receptive field surround in macaque V1 neurons
    James R Cavanaugh
    Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York City, New York 10003, USA
    J Neurophysiol 88:2547-56. 2002
    ..that the surround influence was always suppressive when the surround grating was at the neuron's preferred orientation. Suppression tended to be stronger when the surround grating also moved in the neuron's preferred direction, ..
  12. ncbi Long-term plasticity in hippocampal place-cell representation of environmental geometry
    Colin Lever
    Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, University College London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    Nature 416:90-4. 2002
    ..These results indicate that place cells may be a neural substrate for long-term incidental learning, and demonstrate the long-term stability of an experience-dependent firing pattern in the hippocampal formation...
  13. pmc Broadly tuned response properties of diverse inhibitory neuron subtypes in mouse visual cortex
    Aaron M Kerlin
    Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Goldenson 243, 220 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Neuron 67:858-71. 2010
    ..Excitatory neurons had sharp response selectivity for stimulus orientation and spatial frequency, while all GABAergic subtypes had broader selectivity...
  14. doi Humans use internal models to construct and update a sense of verticality
    Julien Barra
    Laboratoire de Psychologie et Neuropsychologie Cognitive, Universite Paris Descartes, FRE 3292, France
    Brain 133:3552-63. 2010
    ..We tested this hypothesis by investigating self-orientation relative to gravity in 39 normal subjects and in subjects with various somatosensory losses showing either a ..
  15. ncbi Masking disrupts reentrant processing in human visual cortex
    J J Fahrenfort
    University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:1488-97. 2007
    ..From these results, we conclude that masking derives its effectiveness, at least partly, from disrupting reentrant processing, thereby interfering with the neural mechanisms of figure-ground segmentation and visual awareness itself...
  16. ncbi Orienting attention in time: behavioural and neuroanatomical distinction between exogenous and endogenous shifts
    J T Coull
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, 12 Queen Square, London, UK
    Neuropsychologia 38:808-19. 2000
    ..These findings suggest that distinct brain areas are involved in redirecting attention based upon sensory events (bottom-up, exogenous shifts) and based upon cognitive expectations (top-down, endogenous shifts)...
  17. doi Orientation discrimination performance is predicted by GABA concentration and gamma oscillation frequency in human primary visual cortex
    Richard A E Edden
    School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AT, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 29:15721-6. 2009
    Neuronal orientation selectivity has been shown in animal models to require corticocortical network cooperation and to be dependent on the presence of GABAergic inhibition...
  18. ncbi Effects of level of meditation experience on attentional focus: is the efficiency of executive or orientation networks improved?
    Davina Chan
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States
    J Altern Complement Med 13:651-7. 2007
    ..the efficiency of the executive attentional network (anterior cingulate/prefrontal cortex) but no effect on the orientation network (parietal systems)...
  19. ncbi Neural mechanisms of orientation selectivity in the visual cortex
    D Ferster
    Department of Neurobiology and Physiology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 23:441-71. 2000
    The origin of orientation selectivity in the responses of simple cells in cat visual cortex serves as a model problem for understanding cortical circuitry and computation...
  20. ncbi Involuntary orienting to sound improves visual perception
    J J McDonald
    Department of Neurosciences, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0608, USA
    Nature 407:906-8. 2000
    ..These data show that the involuntary orienting of attention to sound enhances early perceptual processing of visual stimuli...
  21. pmc Multiscale pattern analysis of orientation-selective activity in the primary visual cortex
    Jascha D Swisher
    Psychology Department and Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37240, USA
    J Neurosci 30:325-30. 2010
    Although orientation columns are less than a millimeter in width, recent neuroimaging studies indicate that viewed orientations can be decoded from cortical activity patterns sampled at relatively coarse resolutions of several ..
  22. ncbi In vivo two-photon imaging reveals a role of arc in enhancing orientation specificity in visual cortex
    Kuan Hong Wang
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Cell 126:389-402. 2006
    ..In Arc-positive GFP heterozygous mice, the pattern of GFP-positive cells exhibited orientation specificity...
  23. pmc Orientation decoding depends on maps, not columns
    Jeremy Freeman
    Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
    J Neurosci 31:4792-804. 2011
    The representation of orientation in primary visual cortex (V1) has been examined at a fine spatial scale corresponding to the columnar architecture...
  24. doi Fragmentation of grid cell maps in a multicompartment environment
    Dori Derdikman
    Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience and Centre for the Biology of Memory, MTFS, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Nat Neurosci 12:1325-32. 2009
    ..in grid cells while rats ran through a stack of interconnected, zig-zagged compartments of equal shape and orientation (a hairpin maze)...
  25. pmc Grid cell mechanisms and function: contributions of entorhinal persistent spiking and phase resetting
    Michael E Hasselmo
    Center for Memory and Brain, Department of Psychology and Program in Neuroscience, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Hippocampus 18:1213-29. 2008
    ..Science, 2008), and a hairpin maze task...
  26. doi Is there a geometric module for spatial orientation? Insights from a rodent navigation model
    Denis Sheynikhovich
    Laboratory of Computational Neuroscience, Brain Mind Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Psychol Rev 116:540-66. 2009
    ..Moreover, the same model also describes behavioral results in different types of water-maze tasks...
  27. pmc Diminished orientation-specific surround suppression of visual processing in schizophrenia
    Jong H Yoon
    Department of Psychiatry and Imaging Research Center, University of California Davis, 4701 X Street, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Schizophr Bull 35:1078-84. 2009
    ..We tested whether altered contextual modulation in schizophrenia is stimulus orientation selective...
  28. ncbi Early lateralization and orientation tuning for face, word, and object processing in the visual cortex
    Bruno Rossion
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, University of Louvain, Belgium
    Neuroimage 20:1609-24. 2003
    ..Scalp EEG (53 channels) was recorded in 15 subjects performing an orientation decision task with pictures of faces, words, and cars presented upright or inverted...
  29. pmc Dorsal premotor neurons encode the relative position of the hand, eye, and goal during reach planning
    Bijan Pesaran
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Neuron 51:125-34. 2006
    ..Such a relative position code may play an important role in coordinating hand and eye movements by computing their relative position...
  30. ncbi Orientation-contingent face aftereffects and implications for face-coding mechanisms
    Gillian Rhodes
    University of Western Australia, Stirling Highway, Crawley, Perth, WA 6009, Australia
    Curr Biol 14:2119-23. 2004
    ..Neuroimaging studies have found surprisingly little orientation selectivity in the fusiform face area (FFA) despite evidence that this region plays a role in expert face ..
  31. ncbi Orientation preference patterns in mammalian visual cortex: a wire length minimization approach
    A A Koulakov
    The Salk Institute, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuron 29:519-27. 2001
    In the visual cortex of many mammals, orientation preference changes smoothly along the cortical surface, with the exception of singularities such as pinwheels and fractures...
  32. pmc Visual orienting in the early broader autism phenotype: disengagement and facilitation
    Mayada Elsabbagh
    Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of London, London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:637-42. 2009
    ..In the current study we focused on a set of functions associated with visual attention, previously reported to be atypical in autism...
  33. doi Active sensation during orientation behavior in the Drosophila larva: more sense than luck
    Alex Gomez-Marin
    EMBL CRG Systems Biology Unit, Center for Genomic Regulation and UPF, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 22:208-15. 2012
    ..Reorientation maneuvers are controlled by the spatiotemporal integration of changes in stimulus intensity detected during runs and lateral head movements...
  34. ncbi Predicting the orientation of invisible stimuli from activity in human primary visual cortex
    John Dylan Haynes
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Nat Neurosci 8:686-91. 2005
    ..owing to the low spatial resolution of conventional human neuroimaging techniques compared to the size of orientation columns in visual cortex...
  35. pmc Eye orientation during static tilts and its relationship to spontaneous head pitch in the laboratory mouse
    Brian S Oommen
    Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106 5040, USA
    Brain Res 1193:57-66. 2008
    Both eye position and head orientation are influenced by the macular (otolith) organs, via the tilt maculo-ocular reflex (tiltMOR) and the vestibulo-collic reflexes, respectively...
  36. pmc Neural correlates of multisensory cue integration in macaque MSTd
    Yong Gu
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Nat Neurosci 11:1201-10. 2008
    ..These findings show that perceptual cue integration occurs in nonhuman primates and identify a population of neurons that may form its neural basis...
  37. ncbi Motor facilitation while observing hand actions: specificity of the effect and role of observer's orientation
    Fumiko Maeda
    Laboratory for Magnetic Brain Stimulation, Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Ave, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Neurophysiol 87:1329-35. 2002
    ..Here we tested the specificity of this effect and the role played by the orientation of the observer...
  38. ncbi New perspectives on the mechanisms for orientation selectivity
    H Sompolinsky
    Racah Institute of Physics and Center for Neural Computation, Hebrew University Jerusalem, 91904, Israel
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 7:514-22. 1997
    Since the discovery of orientation selectivity by Hubel and Wiesel, the mechanisms responsible for this remarkable operation in the visual cortex have been controversial...
  39. pmc Navigational decision making in Drosophila thermotaxis
    Linjiao Luo
    Department of Physics and Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    J Neurosci 30:4261-72. 2010
    ....
  40. ncbi Quaternion-based extended Kalman filter for determining orientation by inertial and magnetic sensing
    Angelo M Sabatini
    ARTS Lab, Scuola Superiore Sant Anna, Piazza Martiri della Libertà, Pisa 56127, Italy
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 53:1346-56. 2006
    In this paper, a quaternion based extended Kalman filter (EKF) is developed for determining the orientation of a rigid body from the outputs of a sensor which is configured as the integration of a tri-axis gyro and an aiding system ..
  41. doi Automated gaze-contingent objects elicit orientation following in 8-month-old infants
    Fani Deligianni
    Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of London, UK
    Dev Psychol 47:1499-503. 2011
    The current study tested whether the purely amodal cue of contingency elicits orientation following behavior in 8-month-old infants...
  42. doi The computational worm: spatial orientation and its neuronal basis in C. elegans
    Shawn R Lockery
    Institute of Neuroscience, 1254 University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 21:782-90. 2011
    Spatial orientation behaviors in animals are fundamental for survival but poorly understood at the neuronal level...
  43. doi Spatial grouping resolves ambiguity to drive temporal recalibration
    Kielan Yarrow
    Department of Psychology, City University, Northampton Square, London EC1V 0HB, England
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 37:1657-61. 2011
    ..These data therefore show that temporal recalibration is facilitated by spatial grouping...
  44. doi Practicing coarse orientation discrimination improves orientation signals in macaque cortical area v4
    Hamed Zivari Adab
    Laboratorium voor Neuro en Psychofysiologie, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Medical School, Campus Gasthuisberg, O and N2, Herestraat 49, Bus 1021, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Curr Biol 21:1661-6. 2011
    ..In the V4 learning studies, monkeys discriminated small differences in orientation, whereas in the MT study, the animals discriminated opponent motion directions...
  45. doi The role of orientation and position in shape perception
    Mhairi Day
    Department of Vision Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    J Vis 9:14.1-17. 2009
    This study investigates the contributions of position versus orientation information in shape perception by putting the two in conflict. Sampling the orientation of, e.g...
  46. pmc Perceptual learning in a nonretinotopic frame of reference
    Thomas U Otto
    1Laboratory of Psychophysics, Brain Mind Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne EPFL
    Psychol Sci 21:1058-63. 2010
    ..These findings are usually taken as evidence that orientation-specific, retinotopic encoding processes are changed during training...
  47. doi Orientation anisotropies in human visual cortex
    Damien J Mannion
    School of Psychology, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    J Neurophysiol 103:3465-71. 2010
    Representing the orientation of features in the visual image is a fundamental operation of the early cortical visual system...
  48. doi Analysis of a spatial orientation memory in Drosophila
    Kirsa Neuser
    Lehrstuhl für Genetik und Neurobiologie, Biozentrum, Universitat Wurzburg, Am Hubland, D 97074 Wurzburg, Germany
    Nature 453:1244-7. 2008
    Flexible goal-driven orientation requires that the position of a target be stored, especially in case the target moves out of sight...
  49. doi Bats' avoidance of real and virtual objects: implications for the sonar coding of object size
    Holger R Goerlitz
    Neurobiology, Dept Biology II, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Grosshadernerstrasse 2, 82152 Martinsried, Germany
    Behav Processes 89:61-7. 2012
    ..We hypothesise that this mismatch of spectro-temporal and spatial echo features caused the lack of virtual object evasion and suggest that the sonar aperture of object echoscapes contributes to the sonar coding of object size...
  50. pmc Impaired attentional selection following lesions to human pulvinar: evidence for homology between human and monkey
    Jacqueline C Snow
    School of Psychology, Behavioural Brain Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:4054-9. 2009
    ..Observers completed 2 psychophysical tasks in which they discriminated the orientation of a lateralized target grating in the presence of vertically-aligned distracters...
  51. doi Altered visual experience induces instructive changes of orientation preference in mouse visual cortex
    Anne K Kreile
    Department of Cellular and Systems Neurobiology, Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, 82152 Martinsried, Germany
    J Neurosci 31:13911-20. 2011
    Stripe rearing, the restriction of visual experience to contours of only one orientation, leads to an overrepresentation of the experienced orientation among neurons in the visual cortex...
  52. doi Head roll dependent variability of subjective visual vertical and ocular counterroll
    Alexander A Tarnutzer
    Department of Neurology, Zurich University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Exp Brain Res 195:621-6. 2009
    ..We propose that the similarities in variability reflect a common otolith input, which, however, is subject to distinct central processing for determining the gain of SVV and OCR...
  53. pmc Orientation selectivity of synaptic input to neurons in mouse and cat primary visual cortex
    Andrew Y Y Tan
    Center for Perceptual Systems, Section of Neurobiology, School of Biological Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78705, USA
    J Neurosci 31:12339-50. 2011
    Primary visual cortex (V1) is the site at which orientation selectivity emerges in mammals: visual thalamus afferents to V1 respond equally to all stimulus orientations, whereas their target V1 neurons respond selectively to stimulus ..
  54. doi Age and gender differences in various topographical orientation strategies
    Irene Liu
    NeuroLab www neurolab ca, Departments of Psychology and Clinical Neurosciences, and Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr N W, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 1N4
    Brain Res 1410:112-9. 2011
    b>Orientation in the environment can draw on a variety of cognitive strategies. We asked 634 healthy volunteers to perform a comprehensive battery administered through an internet website (www.gettinglost...
  55. pmc Quick recovery of orientation after magnetic seizure therapy for major depressive disorder
    George Kirov
    Cardiff University, Henry Wellcome Building, Heath Park, Cardiff, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 193:152-5. 2008
    ..Its use may be justified if it produces the antidepressant effects of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), coupled with limited cognitive side-effects...
  56. pmc A quantitative assessment of torque-transducer models for magnetoreception
    Michael Winklhofer
    Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Ludwig Maximilians University, 80333 Munich, Germany
    J R Soc Interface 7:S273-89. 2010
    ..We find that the common assertion that a magnetoreceptor based on single-domain magnetite could not form the basis for an inclination compass does not always hold...
  57. pmc Precision and accuracy of the subjective haptic vertical in the roll plane
    Jeanine R Schuler
    Department of Neurology, Zurich University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    BMC Neurosci 11:83. 2010
    ..Twelve healthy right-handed human subjects (handedness assessed based on subjects' verbal report) adjusted a rod with the right hand along perceived earth-vertical during static head roll-tilts (0-360 degrees , steps of 20 degrees )...
  58. ncbi Eye gaze is not unique: automatic orienting in response to uninformative arrows
    Jason Tipples
    University of York, England
    Psychon Bull Rev 9:314-8. 2002
    ..Overall, the findings suggest that the eye gaze is not unique in automatically triggering orienting...
  59. pmc Local diversity and fine-scale organization of receptive fields in mouse visual cortex
    Vincent Bonin
    Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Neurosci 31:18506-21. 2011
    ..Inhibitory neurons had nonlinearly summating, complex-like receptive fields and were weakly tuned for orientation. Excitatory neurons had linear, simple receptive fields that can be studied with noise stimuli and system ..
  60. doi Contributions of the human temporoparietal junction and MT/V5+ to the timing of interception revealed by transcranial magnetic stimulation
    Gianfranco Bosco
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy
    J Neurosci 28:12071-84. 2008
    ..TPJ might specifically gate visual-motion information according to an internal model of the effects of gravity...
  61. pmc Young children reorient by computing layout geometry, not by matching images of the environment
    Sang Ah Lee
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 18:192-8. 2011
    ..Moreover, children failed to reorient by prominent brightness contours in continuous layouts with no distinctive 3D structure. The findings provide evidence that geometric layout representations support children's reorientation...
  62. pmc On interference effects in concurrent perception and action
    Jan Zwickel
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Psychol Res 74:152-71. 2010
    ..We propose that such interactions are mediated by the activation of categorical representations...
  63. doi Spatial orientation constancy is impaired in anorexia nervosa
    Dewi Guardia
    UDSL, EA4559, F 59000 Lille, France
    Psychiatry Res 195:56-9. 2012
    ..The PC is also the anatomical substrate of a supramodal reference framework involved in spatial orientation constancy...
  64. doi Functional and laminar dissociations between muscarinic and nicotinic cholinergic neuromodulation in the tree shrew primary visual cortex
    Anwesha Bhattacharyya
    Visual Cognition Laboratory, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Chemin du Musee 5, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Eur J Neurosci 35:1270-80. 2012
    ..shrew primary visual cortex during visual stimulation with drifting grating stimuli of varying contrast and orientation. We describe differences between muscarinic and nicotinic cholinergic effects in terms of both the layer of ..
  65. pmc Vestibular heading discrimination and sensitivity to linear acceleration in head and world coordinates
    Paul R MacNeilage
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Neurosci 30:9084-94. 2010
    ..e., relative to gravity), or (3) body orientation (i.e., the direction of gravity relative to the otoliths)...
  66. pmc Retinal origin of orientation maps in visual cortex
    Se Bum Paik
    Department of Neurobiology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Nat Neurosci 14:919-25. 2011
    The orientation map is a hallmark of primary visual cortex in higher mammals. It is not yet known how orientation maps develop, what function they have in visual processing and why some species lack them...
  67. pmc Increased sensitivity to mirror symmetry in autism
    Audrey Perreault
    Perceptual Neuroscience Lab for Autism and Development, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    PLoS ONE 6:e19519. 2011
    ..In other words, autistics may sometimes see the forest and the trees, and may therefore extract from noisy environments genuine regularities which elude non-autistic observers...
  68. doi Population receptive fields of ON and OFF thalamic inputs to an orientation column in visual cortex
    Jianzhong Jin
    Department of Biological Sciences, State University of New York, College of Optometry, New York, New York, USA
    Nat Neurosci 14:232-8. 2011
    ..cortex of primates and carnivores is organized into columns of neurons with similar preferences for stimulus orientation, but the developmental origin and function of this organization are still matters of debate...
  69. pmc A functional link between area MSTd and heading perception based on vestibular signals
    Yong Gu
    Deptartment of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Nat Neurosci 10:1038-47. 2007
    ..This study provides evidence that links single-unit activity to spatial perception mediated by vestibular signals, and supports the idea that the role of MSTd in self-motion perception extends beyond optic flow processing...
  70. doi The influence of orientation jitter and motion on contour saliency and object identification
    Geir Eliassen Nygård
    Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, University of Leuven, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Vision Res 49:2475-84. 2009
    ..We manipulated low-level properties, such as element orientation and local motion, while incorporating higher-level properties, such as object complexity and identity, and ..
  71. ncbi Spatial memory: how egocentric and allocentric combine
    Neil Burgess
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Anatomy, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:551-7. 2006
    ..Identifying the neuronal mechanisms and functional roles of each type of representation, and of their interactions, promises to provide a framework for investigation of the organization of human memory more generally...
  72. pmc Highly selective receptive fields in mouse visual cortex
    Cristopher M Niell
    Department of Physiology, W M Keck Foundation Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
    J Neurosci 28:7520-36. 2008
    ..neglected in mice perhaps because of their poor spatial acuity and the lack of columnar organization such as orientation maps...
  73. doi Holistic processing is not correlated with face-identification accuracy
    Yaroslav Konar
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience, and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
    Psychol Sci 21:38-43. 2010
    ..These findings are inconsistent with the claim that holistic processing, as indexed by the composite face effect, significantly influences accuracy in a face-identification task...
  74. ncbi Figural aftereffects in the perception of faces
    M A Webster
    Department of Psychology, University of Nevada, Reno 89557, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 6:647-53. 1999
    ..Our results suggest that in normal viewing, figural aftereffects may strongly influence form perception and could provide a novel method for probing properties of human face perception...
  75. ncbi Shared computational mechanism for tilt compensation accounts for biased verticality percepts in motion and pattern vision
    M De Vrijer
    Department of Biophysics, Institute of Neuroscience, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Neurophysiol 99:915-30. 2008
    ..of object motion in external space, the brain must combine retinal motion signals and information about the orientation of the eyes in space...
  76. ncbi Development of attentional networks in childhood
    M Rosario Rueda
    Sackler Institute, Weill Medical College, New York, USA
    Neuropsychologia 42:1029-40. 2004
    ..A final experiment with forty 7-year-old children suggested that children like adults showed independence between the three networks under some conditions...
  77. ncbi Microstructure of a spatial map in the entorhinal cortex
    Torkel Hafting
    Centre for the Biology of Memory, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7489 Trondheim, Norway
    Nature 436:801-6. 2005
    ..Grids of neighbouring cells share a common orientation and spacing, but their vertex locations (their phases) differ...
  78. ncbi Spontaneously emerging cortical representations of visual attributes
    Tal Kenet
    Department of Neurobiology, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
    Nature 425:954-6. 2003
    ..such activity encompasses a set of dynamically switching cortical states, many of which correspond closely to orientation maps...
  79. ncbi Feedback signals from cat's area 21a enhance orientation selectivity of area 17 neurons
    C Wang
    Discipline of Anatomy and Histology, School of Medical Sciences and Bosch Institute F13, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Exp Brain Res 182:479-90. 2007
    ..feedback signals originating from one of the "form-processing" extrastriate cortical areas, area 21a (A21a), to orientation selectivity of single neurons in the ipsilateral area 17 (A17)...
  80. pmc Local or global? Attentional selection of spatial frequencies binds shapes to hierarchical levels
    Anastasia V Flevaris
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, 3210 Tolman Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:424-31. 2010
    ....
  81. doi Facial perception of conspecifics: chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) preferentially attend to proper orientation and open eyes
    Satoshi Hirata
    Hayashibara Biochemical Laboratories, Inc, Great Ape Research Institute, Tamano, Okayama, Japan
    Anim Cogn 13:679-88. 2010
    ..The pictures presented conspecific faces with open or closed eyes in an upright or inverted orientation in a frame...
  82. ncbi Configuration influence on crowding
    Tomer Livne
    Department of Neurobiology, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
    J Vis 7:4.1-12. 2007
    ..random), while still preserving pairwise relationships between the target and flankers. Orientation discrimination and contrast detection of the central Gabor were measured...
  83. doi Poor haptic orientation discrimination in nonsighted children may reflect disruption of cross-sensory calibration
    Monica Gori
    Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Via Morego 30, 16163 Genoa, Italy
    Curr Biol 20:223-5. 2010
    ..and haptic information optimally, but that one or the other sense prevails: touch for size and vision for orientation discrimination...
  84. pmc Sensitivity of MEG and EEG to source orientation
    Seppo P Ahlfors
    MGH HST Athinoula A Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital Harvard Medical School, 149 13th Street, Rm 2301, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Brain Topogr 23:227-32. 2010
    ..We quantified computationally the dependency of MEG and EEG on the source orientation using a forward model with realistic tissue boundaries...
  85. pmc Rapid perceptual switching of a reversible biological figure
    Stuart Jackson
    Cognitive Science, UCD School of Computer Science and Informatics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland, UK
    PLoS ONE 3:e3982. 2008
    ..In summary, we have demonstrated that the temporal dynamics of reversal with biological motion are similar to other forms of ambiguous SFM. We conclude that perceptual switching with biological motion is a robust bistable phenomenon...
  86. doi Activational rather than navigational effects of odors on homing of young pigeons
    Paulo E Jorge
    Centro de Biologia Ambiental, Museu Nacional de Historia Natural, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Curr Biol 19:650-4. 2009
    ..These findings show that odors, rather than providing navigational information, activate a nonolfactory path integration system...
  87. doi Cross-orientation transfer of adaptation for facial identity is asymmetric: a study using contrast-based recognition thresholds
    Xiaoyue M Guo
    Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA, USA
    Vision Res 49:2254-60. 2009
    ..When adapting and test stimuli shared the same orientation, aftereffects were similar for upright and inverted faces...
  88. pmc Overrepresentation of horizontal and vertical orientation preferences in developing ferret area 17
    B Chapman
    Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, Am Klopferspitz 18a, 82152 Munich-Martinsried, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:2609-14. 1998
    ..principles of visual cortical organization is that neurons form a "map" in which neighboring cells have similar orientation preferences...
  89. doi Spatial interactions in upright and inverted faces: re-exploration of spatial scale influence
    Valerie Goffaux
    Maastricht Brain Imaging Center M BIC, Department of Neurocognition, Faculty of Psychology, University of Maastricht, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Masstricht, The Netherlands
    Vision Res 49:774-81. 2009
    ..Spatial interactions are strong at upright, but not inverted orientation. Recent evidence indicated spatial interactions root in the low spatial frequencies (LSF) of face stimulus...
  90. doi Navigational abilities of adult and experienced homing pigeons deprived of olfactory or trigeminally mediated magnetic information
    Anna Gagliardo
    Dipartimento di Biologia, University of Pisa, Italy
    J Exp Biol 212:3119-24. 2009
    ..Our data show that even in trained adult pigeons, olfactory cues are needed for homing from unfamiliar locations and that the lack of magnetic information does not affect navigational abilities of experienced adult homing pigeons...
  91. pmc Antennal circadian clocks coordinate sun compass orientation in migratory monarch butterflies
    Christine Merlin
    Department of Neurobiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA
    Science 325:1700-4. 2009
    ..Here, we show that the antennae are necessary for proper time-compensated Sun compass orientation in migratory monarch butterflies, that antennal clocks exist in monarchs, and that they likely provide the ..
  92. ncbi Posterior parahippocampal gyrus lesions in the human impair egocentric learning in a virtual environment
    Godehard Weniger
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Gottingen, Von Siebold Str 5, D 37075 Gottingen, Germany
    Eur J Neurosci 24:2406-14. 2006
    ..Moreover, access to both allocentric and egocentric streams of spatial information may enable the posterior PHG to construct a global and comprehensive representation of spatial environments...
  93. pmc The functional impact of mental imagery on conscious perception
    Joel Pearson
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center and Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Curr Biol 18:982-6. 2008
    ..Effects of imagery and perception were location and orientation specific, accumulated in strength over time, and survived an intervening visual task lasting several seconds ..
  94. ncbi Space and time in visual context
    Odelia Schwartz
    Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Jack and Pearl Resnick Campus, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, New York 10461 718 430 2000, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 8:522-35. 2007
    ..We concentrate on perhaps the best studied test case, namely orientation or tilt, which gives rise to the notorious tilt illusion and the adaptation tilt after-effect...
  95. doi When are attention and saccade preparation dissociated?
    Artem V Belopolsky
    Department of Cognitive Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychol Sci 20:1340-7. 2009
    ..The findings provide a new view, demonstrating that the maintenance of attention and shifting of attention differ in their relationship to the oculomotor system...
  96. ncbi Enhanced and diminished visuo-spatial information processing in autism depends on stimulus complexity
    Armando Bertone
    Visual Psychophysics and Perception Laboratory, Ecole d Optometrie, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Canada
    Brain 128:2430-41. 2005
    ..wherein the only factor dichotomizing performance was the neural complexity required to discriminate grating orientation. The ability of persons with autism was found to be superior for identifying the orientation of simple, ..
  97. ncbi Word meaning and the control of eye fixation: semantic competitor effects and the visual world paradigm
    Falk Huettig
    Department of Psychology, University of York, York, UK
    Cognition 96:B23-32. 2005
    ..We conclude that eye movements are driven by the degree of match, along various dimensions that go beyond simple visual form, between a word and the mental representations of objects in the concurrent visual field...
  98. ncbi Immediate spatial distortions of pointing movements induced by visual landmarks
    Jorn Diedrichsen
    University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
    Percept Psychophys 66:89-103. 2004
    ..We argue that even early memory representations for pointing movements are influenced by visual information in the surrounding visual field...
  99. pmc Decoding the visual and subjective contents of the human brain
    Yukiyasu Kamitani
    ATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories, 2 2 2 Hikaridai, Keihanna Science City, Kyoto 619 0288, Japan
    Nat Neurosci 8:679-85. 2005
    ..We investigated whether the perception of edge orientation, a fundamental visual feature, can be decoded from human brain activity measured with functional magnetic ..
  100. ncbi Passive flow through an unstalked intertidal ascidian: orientation and morphology enhance suspension feeding in Pyura stolonifera
    N A Knott
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong NSW 2522, Australia
    Biol Bull 207:217-24. 2004
    ..We predicted that its orientation to prevailing currents and the arrangement of its siphons would induce passive flow due to dynamic pressure at ..
  101. ncbi Artificial scotoma-induced perceptual distortions are orientation dependent and short lived
    Chris Tailby
    Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, 3052, Australia
    Vis Neurosci 21:79-87. 2004
    ..perceptual distortions are generated by dynamic alteration of connection efficacy within a network linking cortical areas of similar orientation specificity, consistent with established anatomical and physiological results.

Research Grants200 found, 100 shown here

  1. Modeling the Effects of Aging on Memory
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, the studies will demonstrate that perceptual processing abilities must be considered and either controlled for or manipulated in cognitive aging research. ..
  2. Response Selection as a Function of Age
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These guidelines will lead to development of products and environments that allow elderly adults to remain more independent and to engage safely in more activities in their daily lives. ..
  3. NEURAL BASIS OF SPATIAL COGNITION
    JEFFREY TAUBE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Learning how spatial information is processed in the rat brain will give us clues about the complex nature of spatial processes in humans. ..
  4. NEURAL BASIS OF SPATIAL COGNITION
    JEFFREY TAUBE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..entering over various sensory pathways, transformed into a signal which represents the animal's directional orientation with respect to its environment? The second aim will better define the underlying anatomical connections within ..
  5. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF DIRECTIONAL ORIENTATION
    JEFFREY TAUBE; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  6. Motor, Vestibular, and Mnemonic Interactions in Directional Heading Perceptions
    JEFFREY STEVEN TAUBE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..When our sense of spatial orientation is compromised by central nervous system or vestibular disease, the seriousness and devastation of the disorder ..
  7. NEURAL BASIS OF SPATIAL COGNITION
    JEFFREY TAUBE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..over various sensory pathways, transformed into a signal which represents the animal's directional orientation with respect to its environment? The second aim will better define the underlying anatomical connections within ..
  8. Motor, Vestibular, and Mnemonic Interactions in Directional Heading Perceptions
    JEFFREY TAUBE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..When our sense of spatial orientation is compromised by central nervous system or vestibular disease, the seriousness and devastation of the disorder ..
  9. Motor, Vestibular, and Mnemonic Interactions in Directional Heading Perceptions
    JEFFREY TAUBE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..When our sense of spatial orientation is compromised by central nervous system or vestibular disease, the seriousness and devastation of the disorder ..
  10. TRAINING PROGRAM IN DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
    Janellen Huttenlocher; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Postdoctoral trainees will have at least two mentors from the training faculty and will join a rich environment for postdoctoral investigations in the Department of Psychology. ..
  11. DEVELOPMENT OF fMRI COMPATIBLE REVERSIBLE DEACTIVATION
    STEPHEN LOMBER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Such a development should have wide appeal and will greatly advance our ability to dissect functional circuits with fMRI. ..
  12. CHOLINERGIC REGULATION OF ENTORHINAL NETWORK FUNCTION
    Michael Hasselmo; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Understanding of the cellular effects of acetylcholine involved in these processes could allow targeting of specific receptor effects in the treatment of disorders. ..
  13. Egocentric reference frames in memory
    David Waller; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Findings may also lead to ways of improving spatial abilities in the general population. ..
  14. Scene Perception and visual Memory
    Andrew Hollingworth; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. NEUROMODULATION AND CORTICAL MEMORY FUNCTION
    Michael Hasselmo; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Research could guide combined use of drugs influencing GABAb and ACh receptors. ..
  16. Mechanisms of Entorhinal Cortex Function
    Michael E Hasselmo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Together these studies will assist in understanding the dynamic role of entorhinal cortex in representing environmental stimuli for active maintenance and encoding into episodic memory. ..
  17. LIMITING FACTORS IN NORMAL AND AMBLYOPIC SPATIAL VISION
    Dennis Levi; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  18. NEUROMODULATION AND CORTICAL MEMORY FUNCTION
    Michael Hasselmo; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..I-m), and testing time course of mGluR modulation of transmission in s. I-m. Understanding these mechanisms may assist in development of pharmacological treatments for Alzheimer's disease. ..
  19. Eye Movements, Gaze Correction, and Visual Short-Term Memory
    ANDREW R HOLLINGWORTH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus, the proposed research will provide essential information for understanding conditions that involve deficits in the control of gaze. ..
  20. A new approach to restoring visual acuity and stereopsis in adults and children w
    DENNIS MICHAEL LEVI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The relevance of this project is in developing new, effective interventions for restoring visual acuity and stereopsis in adults and children with amblyopia. ..
  21. A Dynamic Process Approach to Cognitive Representation
    John Lipinski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This empirical work will lay the essential groundwork for development of a formal model linking linguistic and non-linguistic representations of space. ..
  22. A Spiking Model of Hippocampus for Guiding Behavior
    Michael Hasselmo; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..U., which focuses on modeling operant tasks used in experimental studies of drug self-administration phenomena, in work supported by a supplement to a previous grant from NIDA. ..
  23. NEUROMODULATION AND CORTICAL MEMORY FUNCTION
    Michael Hasselmo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..I-m), and testing time course of mGluR modulation of transmission in s. I-m. Understanding these mechanisms may assist in development of pharmacological treatments for Alzheimer's disease. ..
  24. LIMITING FACTORS IN NORMAL AND AMBLYOPIC SPATIAL VISION
    Dennis Levi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  25. Eye Movements, Gaze Correction, and Visual Short-Term Memory
    Andrew Hollingworth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Thus, the proposed research will provide essential information for understanding conditions that involve deficits in the control of gaze. ..
  26. NEUROMODULATION AND CORTICAL MEMORY FUNCTION
    Michael E Hasselmo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  27. LIMITING FACTORS IN NORMAL AND AMBLYOPIC SPATIAL VISION
    DENNIS MICHAEL LEVI; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. CEREBRAL ORGANIZATION FOLLOWING COCHLEAR IMPLANT
    STEPHEN LOMBER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results from these studies will be directly applicable to clinical situations concerning the functional outcomes of cochlear implants in young children. ..
  29. Vestibular Prosthesis Tested in a Vestibulopathic Model
    Richard Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the rotational information provided by the prosthesis to improve their postural stability, estimates of head orientation with respect to gravity, and eye movement responses evoked by head motion...
  30. SPATIAL SUMMATION AND DYNAMICS OF VISUAL NEURONS
    Robert Shapley; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..It also has great relevance to retinal or neurological diseases which may affect the M or P cells selectively. Thus, this project has relevance to medical diagnosis and treatment of visual diseases in humans...
  31. FLEXIBILITY OF LEARNING IN INFANT SKILL ACQUISITION
    KAREN ADOLPH; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, the proposed methods, conceptual framework, and findings can provide the basis for assessing flexibility in children with motor impairments and for tracking improvements in flexibility with therapy. ..
  32. Enhancement of Dynamic Media for Visually-Impaired People
    PETER JOHN BEX; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project contributes directly to public health by developing a low cost image enhancement system for use by this growing population of visually impaired people. ..
  33. Selective Attention and Control Mechanisms in the Brain
    JOSEPH HOPFINGER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Psychophysical Correlates of Neurodegeneration in Glaucoma
    PETER JOHN BEX; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed program of research develops new diagnostics that are sensitive to the early stages of neuro-degeneration in glaucoma. ..
  35. The Logic of Motion Perception and Motion Understanding
    David Gilden; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Patterns of facilitation and inhibition are used to decide what aspects of motion information receive implicit registration. ..
  36. Eyestrain in Radiologists
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Only by developing a better understanding of the nature of observer error, may we discover effective approaches to reducing the errors. ..
  37. OPTOTRAK MOTION MEASUREMENT SYSTEM
    KAREN ADOLPH; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Optimized Compression for Telepathology Virtual Slides
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....