arousal

Summary

Summary: Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Hypothalamic regulation of sleep and circadian rhythms
    Clifford B Saper
    Department of Neurology and Program in Neuroscience, Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, 02215, USA
    Nature 437:1257-63. 2005
  2. ncbi Arousal and reward: a dichotomy in orexin function
    Glenda C Harris
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Translational Research Labs 3403, 125 South 31st Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Trends Neurosci 29:571-7. 2006
  3. pmc The pupil as a measure of emotional arousal and autonomic activation
    Margaret M Bradley
    Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, Box 112766, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Psychophysiology 45:602-7. 2008
  4. ncbi The intralaminar and midline nuclei of the thalamus. Anatomical and functional evidence for participation in processes of arousal and awareness
    Ysbrand D Van Der Werf
    Department of Anatomy, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Neurosciences Vrije Universiteit, Graduate School for Neurosciences Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Brain Res Brain Res Rev 39:107-40. 2002
  5. pmc Arousal effect of orexin A depends on activation of the histaminergic system
    Z L Huang
    Department of Molecular Behavioral Biology, Osaka Bioscience Institute, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:9965-70. 2001
  6. doi Stuck on you: face-to-face arousal and gaze aversion in Williams syndrome
    Gwyneth Doherty-Sneddon
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Cogn Neuropsychiatry 14:510-23. 2009
  7. pmc Tuning arousal with optogenetic modulation of locus coeruleus neurons
    MATTHEW E CARTER
    Neurosciences Program, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    Nat Neurosci 13:1526-33. 2010
  8. ncbi Processing of the arousal of subliminal and supraliminal emotional stimuli by the human amygdala
    Jan Gläscher
    NeuroImage Nord, Department of Neurology, University Hospital Hamburg Eppendorf, University of Hamburg, D 20246 Hamburg, Germany
    J Neurosci 23:10274-82. 2003
  9. ncbi Activation of the visual cortex in motivated attention
    Margaret M Bradley
    National Institute of Mental Health, Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610, USA
    Behav Neurosci 117:369-80. 2003
  10. doi Reading emotional words within sentences: the impact of arousal and valence on event-related potentials
    Mareike Bayer
    Department of Psychology, Humboldt Universitaet zu Berlin, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 78:299-307. 2010

Research Grants

  1. Regulation of Hypothalamic Sleep-wake Neuronal System
    NOOR ALAM; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. Speech of Young Males with Fragile X Syndrome
    David Zajac; Fiscal Year: 2009
  3. Speech of Young Males with Fragile X Syndrome
    David Zajac; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. Consequences of Cardiac Arrest: Brain Injury
    NITISH VYOMESH THAKOR; Fiscal Year: 2010
  5. NEUROENDOCRINE CONTROL OF REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR
    LAUREN RITERS; Fiscal Year: 2003
  6. Circadian and Aminergic Regulation of Orexin Neurons
    THOMAS SCAMMELL; Fiscal Year: 2005
  7. NEUROPHARMACOLOGY OF ETHANOL REINFORCEMENT
    George F Koob; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. Spontaneous Arousals in "CHIME" Infants at Risk for SIDS
    ROBERT DARNALL; Fiscal Year: 2006
  9. FEMALE SEXUAL AROUSAL: CLITORAL AND VAGINAL PHYSIOLOGY
    Abdulmaged Traish; Fiscal Year: 2003
  10. ORGANIZATION OF CENTRAL SYMPATHETIC PATHWAYS
    Patrice G Guyenet; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications327 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Hypothalamic regulation of sleep and circadian rhythms
    Clifford B Saper
    Department of Neurology and Program in Neuroscience, Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, 02215, USA
    Nature 437:1257-63. 2005
    ..A key switch in the hypothalamus shuts off this arousal system during sleep...
  2. ncbi Arousal and reward: a dichotomy in orexin function
    Glenda C Harris
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Translational Research Labs 3403, 125 South 31st Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Trends Neurosci 29:571-7. 2006
    ..Previous studies reported that this system is most strongly associated with feeding, arousal and the maintenance of waking...
  3. pmc The pupil as a measure of emotional arousal and autonomic activation
    Margaret M Bradley
    Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, Box 112766, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Psychophysiology 45:602-7. 2008
    Pupil diameter was monitored during picture viewing to assess effects of hedonic valence and emotional arousal on pupillary responses...
  4. ncbi The intralaminar and midline nuclei of the thalamus. Anatomical and functional evidence for participation in processes of arousal and awareness
    Ysbrand D Van Der Werf
    Department of Anatomy, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Neurosciences Vrije Universiteit, Graduate School for Neurosciences Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Brain Res Brain Res Rev 39:107-40. 2002
    ....
  5. pmc Arousal effect of orexin A depends on activation of the histaminergic system
    Z L Huang
    Department of Molecular Behavioral Biology, Osaka Bioscience Institute, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:9965-70. 2001
    ..These findings strongly indicate that the arousal effect of orexin A depends on the activation of histaminergic neurotransmission mediated by H1R.
  6. doi Stuck on you: face-to-face arousal and gaze aversion in Williams syndrome
    Gwyneth Doherty-Sneddon
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Cogn Neuropsychiatry 14:510-23. 2009
    ..We investigate whether individuals with Williams syndrome (WS), associated with hypersociability and atypical face gaze, use GA to manage cognitive load and whether physiological arousal is associated with looking at faces.
  7. pmc Tuning arousal with optogenetic modulation of locus coeruleus neurons
    MATTHEW E CARTER
    Neurosciences Program, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    Nat Neurosci 13:1526-33. 2010
    Neural activity in the noradrenergic locus coeruleus correlates with periods of wakefulness and arousal. However, it is unclear whether tonic or phasic activity in these neurons is necessary or sufficient to induce transitions between ..
  8. ncbi Processing of the arousal of subliminal and supraliminal emotional stimuli by the human amygdala
    Jan Gläscher
    NeuroImage Nord, Department of Neurology, University Hospital Hamburg Eppendorf, University of Hamburg, D 20246 Hamburg, Germany
    J Neurosci 23:10274-82. 2003
    ..We investigated this issue by showing emotional visual stimuli of varying arousal to patients with left (n = 12), right (n = 8), and bilateral (n = 3) amygdala damage and compared their results ..
  9. ncbi Activation of the visual cortex in motivated attention
    Margaret M Bradley
    National Institute of Mental Health, Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610, USA
    Behav Neurosci 117:369-80. 2003
    ..Both the extent and strength of functional activity were related to the judged affective arousal of the different picture contents, and the same pattern of functional activation was present whether pictures ..
  10. doi Reading emotional words within sentences: the impact of arousal and valence on event-related potentials
    Mareike Bayer
    Department of Psychology, Humboldt Universitaet zu Berlin, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 78:299-307. 2010
    ..within the framework of two-dimensional models of affect, conceiving emotion as a function of valence and arousal. Negative and neutral target verbs, embedded within sentences, were presented while event-related brain ..
  11. ncbi A neural circuit for circadian regulation of arousal
    G Aston-Jones
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, VAMC 151, University and Woodland Avenues, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Nat Neurosci 4:732-8. 2001
    ..In this report, we describe the necessary elements for a circuit that provides circadian regulation of arousal. Trans-synaptic retrograde tracing revealed a prominent indirect projection from the SCN to the noradrenergic ..
  12. pmc Synchronized arousal between performers and related spectators in a fire-walking ritual
    Ivana Konvalinka
    Center of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:8514-9. 2011
    ..Here we show physiological effects of synchronized arousal in a Spanish fire-walking ritual, between active participants and related spectators, but not participants and ..
  13. doi General anaesthesia: from molecular targets to neuronal pathways of sleep and arousal
    Nicholas P Franks
    Blackett Laboratory Biophysics Section, Imperial College, South Kensington, London, SW7 2AZ, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 9:370-86. 2008
    ..Recent work suggests that the thalamus and the neuronal networks that regulate its activity are the key to understanding how anaesthetics cause loss of consciousness...
  14. ncbi Overlapping distributions of orexin/hypocretin- and dopamine-beta-hydroxylase immunoreactive fibers in rat brain regions mediating arousal, motivation, and stress
    Brian A Baldo
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin Madison Medical School, 6001 Research Park Blvd, Madison, Wisconsin 53719, USA
    J Comp Neurol 464:220-37. 2003
    ..DbetaH) -immunopositive projections and the projections of hypothalamic neurons containing the arousal- and feeding-related peptide, orexin/hypocretin (HCRT), in rat brain...
  15. ncbi Buzzwords: early cortical responses to emotional words during reading
    Johanna Kissler
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
    Psychol Sci 18:475-80. 2007
    ..early processing stages, emotion-related enhancement of cortical activity along the dominant processing pathway is due to arousal, rather than valence of the stimuli. This enhancement may be driven by cortico-amygdaloid connections.
  16. ncbi Neural correlates of attention and arousal: insights from electrophysiology, functional neuroimaging and psychopharmacology
    J T Coull
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology and University College London, UK
    Prog Neurobiol 55:343-61. 1998
    Attention and arousal are multi-dimensional psychological processes, which interact closely with one another. The neural substrates of attention, as well as the interaction between arousal and attention, are discussed in this review...
  17. pmc Glucocorticoid effects on object recognition memory require training-associated emotional arousal
    Shoki Okuda
    Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, and Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 3800, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:853-8. 2004
    ..experiments investigated whether the influence of these hormones on memory depends on the level of emotional arousal induced by the training experience...
  18. doi Functional neuroimaging studies of sexual arousal and orgasm in healthy men and women: a review and meta-analysis
    Serge Stoléru
    INSERM, U669, 123 rue de Reuilly, Paris, F 75012, France
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 36:1481-509. 2012
    ..years, functional neuroimaging techniques have been used to investigate the neuroanatomical correlates of sexual arousal in healthy human subjects...
  19. pmc Sleep quality, arousal and pain thresholds in migraineurs: a blinded controlled polysomnographic study
    Morten Engstrøm
    Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, N 7489, Norway
    J Headache Pain 14:12. 2013
    Our aim was to compare subjective and objective sleep quality and arousal in migraine and to evaluate the relationship between sleep quality and pain thresholds (PT) in controls, interictal, preictal and postictal migraine.
  20. ncbi Neural activity in the human brain relating to uncertainty and arousal during anticipation
    H D Critchley
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, 12 Queen Square, Institute of Neurology, University College London, WC1N 3BG, London, United Kingdom
    Neuron 29:537-45. 2001
    ..between reward-related decisions and their outcomes, and the modulation of this delay activity by uncertainty and arousal. Feedback, indicating financial gain or loss, was given following a fixed delay...
  21. doi Interactions between BDNF Val66Met polymorphism and early life stress predict brain and arousal pathways to syndromal depression and anxiety
    J M Gatt
    The Brain Dynamics Centre, Westmead Millennium Institute and University of Sydney at Westmead Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Mol Psychiatry 14:681-95. 2009
    ..Multiple regression analysis revealed main effects of ELS for body arousal (resting heart rate, P=0.005) and symptoms (depression and anxiety, P<0...
  22. pmc Two routes to emotional memory: distinct neural processes for valence and arousal
    Elizabeth A Kensinger
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:3310-5. 2004
    ..information, but they have not directly contrasted effects attributable to valence and those attributable to arousal. By using functional MRI and behavioral studies, we found that distinct cognitive and neural processes contribute ..
  23. ncbi Hypocretin/Orexin excites hypocretin neurons via a local glutamate neuron-A potential mechanism for orchestrating the hypothalamic arousal system
    Ying Li
    Department of Neurosurgery, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Neuron 36:1169-81. 2002
    Neurons that release hypocretin/orexin modulate sleep, arousal, and energy homeostasis; the absence of hypocretin results in narcolepsy...
  24. ncbi The nature of arousal in sleep
    Peter Halasz
    Neurological Department, National Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Budapest, Hungary
    J Sleep Res 13:1-23. 2004
    ..In addition, the concept of micro-arousal (MA) has been extended, incorporating, besides the classical low-voltage fast-rhythm electroencephalographic (EEG)..
  25. ncbi Indirect projections from the suprachiasmatic nucleus to major arousal-promoting cell groups in rat: implications for the circadian control of behavioural state
    S Deurveilher
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, 5850 College Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 1X5, Canada
    Neuroscience 130:165-83. 2005
    ..In the absence of major direct SCN projections to most of these sleep/wake-regulatory regions, indirect neuronal pathways probably play an important role in the circadian control of sleep-wake cycles and other physiological functions...
  26. ncbi Catechol O-methyltransferase val158met genotype and neural mechanisms related to affective arousal and regulation
    Emily M Drabant
    Genes, Cognition, and Psychosis Program, Intramural Research Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health DHHS, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:1396-406. 2006
    ....
  27. doi Acoustic features to arousal and identity in disturbance calls of tree shrews (Tupaia belangeri)
    Simone Schehka
    Institute of Zoology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Germany
    Behav Brain Res 203:223-31. 2009
    ..to lead to commonalities in the vocal conveyance of acoustic features to specific attributes of callers, such as arousal and individual identity...
  28. pmc Role of innate and drug-induced dysregulation of brain stress and arousal systems in addiction: Focus on corticotropin-releasing factor, nociceptin/orphanin FQ, and orexin/hypocretin
    Remi Martin-Fardon
    The Scripps Research Institute, Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, SP30 2120, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Brain Res 1314:145-61. 2010
    ..Orx/Hcrt system helps regulate several physiological processes, including feeding, energy metabolism, and arousal. Moreover, these two systems have been suggested to participate in psychiatric disorders, including anxiety and ..
  29. doi The effect of exercise-induced arousal on cognitive task performance: a meta-regression analysis
    Kate Lambourne
    Department of Kinesiology, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 6554, USA
    Brain Res 1341:12-24. 2010
    ..14. However, impairments were only observed during the first 20min of exercise. Otherwise, exercise-induced arousal enhanced performance on tasks that involved rapid decisions and automatized behaviors...
  30. doi A quantitative meta-analysis on cue-induced male sexual arousal
    Simone Kühn
    Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department of Experimental Psychology and Gent Institute for Functional and Metabolic Imaging, Gent University, Henri Dunantlaan, Gent, Belgium
    J Sex Med 8:2269-75. 2011
    Visually induced sexual arousal is a common occurrence in human behavior. The cerebral underpinnings of this response have been explored in recent neuroimaging studies.
  31. ncbi Dysfunction of arousal systems in sleep-related migraine without aura
    G Della Marca
    Department of Neuroscience, Catholic University Rome, Italy
    Cephalalgia 26:857-64. 2006
    Primary headaches are closely related to sleep. Modifications in the patterns of arousal during sleep have been reported in migraine, especially in the nights preceding a headache attack...
  32. pmc Neural correlates of processing valence and arousal in affective words
    P A Lewis
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, UK
    Cereb Cortex 17:742-8. 2007
    Psychological frameworks conceptualize emotion along 2 dimensions, "valence" and "arousal." Arousal invokes a single axis of intensity increasing from neutral to maximally arousing...
  33. ncbi Processing of emotional adjectives: Evidence from startle EMG and ERPs
    Cornelia Herbert
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
    Psychophysiology 43:197-206. 2006
    ..Specific effects for pleasant material may arise from a "positivity offset," favoring responses to pleasant material at lower arousal levels.
  34. ncbi A novel demonstration of enhanced memory associated with emotional arousal
    L Cahill
    Department of Psychobiology, University of California, Irvine 92717 3800, USA
    Conscious Cogn 4:410-21. 1995
    The relationship between emotional arousal and long-term memory is addressed in two experiments in which subjects viewed either a relatively emotionally neutral short story (presented as a brief slide show) or a closely matched but more ..
  35. ncbi Hormonal cycle modulates arousal circuitry in women using functional magnetic resonance imaging
    Jill M Goldstein
    Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Connors Center for Women s Health and Gender Biology, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Neurosci 25:9309-16. 2005
    ..the early follicular menstrual cycle phase compared with late follicular/midcycle, using negative valence/high arousal versus neutral visual stimuli, validated by concomitant electrodermal activity (EDA)...
  36. ncbi May I have your attention, please: electrocortical responses to positive and negative stimuli
    N Kyle Smith
    Department of Psychology, Ohio Wesleyan University, Phillips Hall, Delaware, OH 43015, USA
    Neuropsychologia 41:171-83. 2003
    ..This is (a) evidence for the extremely rapid (<120 ms) differentiation of positive and negative stimuli and (b) process-based evidence for a negativity bias in attention allocation...
  37. ncbi Effects of attention and arousal on early responses in striate cortex
    Vahe Poghosyan
    Laboratory for Human Brain Dynamics, BSI, RIKEN, 2 1 Hirosawa, Wako Shi, Saitama, 351 0198, Japan
    Eur J Neurosci 22:225-34. 2005
    ..Even before the striate cortex, activity of the right inferior parietal lobule was modulated by attention, suggesting this region as a candidate for mediating attentional signals to the striate cortex...
  38. ncbi Brain potentials in perception: picture complexity and emotional arousal
    Margaret M Bradley
    Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    Psychophysiology 44:364-73. 2007
    ....
  39. ncbi Attention, arousal, and memory in posttraumatic stress disorder
    B T Litz
    National Center for PTSD, Boston Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Massachusetts 02130, USA
    J Trauma Stress 9:497-519. 1996
    ..PTSD symptoms and threat reactions contributed to MSP interference effects for high-threat words after controlling for medications, depression, and baseline physiological activity...
  40. ncbi Dissociable effects of arousal and valence on prefrontal activity indexing emotional evaluation and subsequent memory: an event-related fMRI study
    Florin Dolcos
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0999, USA
    Neuroimage 23:64-74. 2004
    ..The effect of arousal on these measures was indicated by greater activity for both positive and negative pictures than for neutral ones,..
  41. ncbi Dissociated neural representations of intensity and valence in human olfaction
    A K Anderson
    Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, 349 Mulford Hall, UC Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Nat Neurosci 6:196-202. 2003
    ..These findings show that distinct olfactory regions subserve the analysis of the degree and quality of olfactory stimulation, suggesting that the affective representations of intensity and valence draw upon dissociable neural substrates...
  42. ncbi Role of stress, arousal, and coping skills in primary insomnia
    Charles M Morin
    Universite Laval, Ecole de Psychologie, Sainte Foy, Quebec, Canada
    Psychosom Med 65:259-67. 2003
    ..The present study examined the relationship of stress and coping skills, and the potential mediating role of presleep arousal, to sleep patterns in good sleepers and insomnia sufferers.
  43. doi Central thalamic contributions to arousal regulation and neurological disorders of consciousness
    Nicholas D Schiff
    Laboratory of Cognitive Neuromodulation, Department of Neurology and Neuroscience, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10065, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1129:105-18. 2008
    This review focuses on the contributions of the central thalamus to normal mechanisms of arousal regulation and to neurological disorders of consciousness...
  44. pmc Noradrenergic modulation of arousal
    Craig W Berridge
    Psychology Department, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Brain Res Rev 58:1-17. 2008
    ..Norepinephrine enhances arousal, in part, via actions of beta- and alpha1-receptors located within multiple subcortical structures, including the ..
  45. pmc Glucocorticoid enhancement of memory requires arousal-induced noradrenergic activation in the basolateral amygdala
    Benno Roozendaal
    Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, and Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 3800, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:6741-6. 2006
    ..However, previous studies have not determined the basis of such arousal-induced selectivity...
  46. pmc Affective visual event-related potentials: arousal, repetition, and time-on-task
    Jonas K Olofsson
    Department of Psychology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Biol Psychol 75:101-8. 2007
    ..b>Arousal effects did not interact with stimulus repetition at any latency range...
  47. doi Pupillometry and P3 index the locus coeruleus-noradrenergic arousal function in humans
    Peter R Murphy
    Trinity College Institute of Neuroscience and School of Psychology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
    Psychophysiology 48:1532-43. 2011
    ..These results support recent proposals that pupil diameter and the P3 are sensitive to LC-NE mode...
  48. pmc Amygdalar peptidergic circuits regulating noradrenergic locus coeruleus neurons: linking limbic and arousal centers
    B A S Reyes
    Department of Neuroscience, Farber Institute for Neurosciences, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Exp Neurol 230:96-105. 2011
    ....
  49. doi Emotional arousal modulates the encoding of crime-related details and corresponding physiological responses in the Concealed Information Test
    Judith Peth
    Department of Systems Neuroscience, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany
    Psychophysiology 49:381-90. 2012
    ..However, its field applicability is still debated, and it is specifically unknown how emotional arousal during a crime would influence CIT results...
  50. ncbi Cardiac activation during arousal in humans: further evidence for hierarchy in the arousal response
    E Sforza
    Laboratoire de Sommeil, Departement de Psychiatrie, Hopitaux Universitaires de Geneve, Geneve, Switzerland
    Clin Neurophysiol 111:1611-9. 2000
    ..studies is whether bursts of K-complexes (K-bursts) and delta waves (D-bursts), expressions of a subcortical arousal, truly reflect an arousal response during sleep...
  51. pmc Lasting increases in basolateral amygdala activity after emotional arousal: implications for facilitated consolidation of emotional memories
    Joe Guillaume Pelletier
    Center for Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience, Rutgers State University, Newark, New Jersey 07102, USA
    Learn Mem 12:96-102. 2005
    ..Although this suggests that BLA activity is altered after emotional arousal, such changes have not been directly demonstrated...
  52. doi Cyclic alternating pattern (CAP): the marker of sleep instability
    Liborio Parrino
    Sleep Disorders Center, Department of Neurosciences, University of Parma, Italy
    Sleep Med Rev 16:27-45. 2012
    ....
  53. ncbi Dynamics of large-scale brain activity in normal arousal states and epileptic seizures
    P A Robinson
    Theoretical Physics Group and Center for Wave Physics, School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia
    Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys 65:041924. 2002
    ..Here a nonlinear continuum model of large-scale brain electrical activity is used to analyze arousal states and their stability and nonlinear dynamics for physiologically realistic parameters...
  54. pmc The effect of arousal on the emotional memory network depends on valence
    Katherine R Mickley Steinmetz
    Department of Psychology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA
    Neuroimage 53:318-24. 2010
    Some suggest that arousal is the essential element needed to engage the amygdala...
  55. pmc The time course of the influence of valence and arousal on the implicit processing of affective pictures
    Chunliang Feng
    State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e29668. 2012
    ..positive) by arousal (low vs. high)...
  56. doi A single exposure to social isolation in domestic piglets activates behavioural arousal, neuroendocrine stress hormones, and stress-related gene expression in the brain
    E Kanitz
    Research Unit Behavioural Physiology, Research Institute for the Biology of Farm Animals, Wilhelm Stahl Allee 2, 18196 Dummerstorf, Germany
    Physiol Behav 98:176-85. 2009
    ..social isolation in piglets caused age-dependent neuroendocrine and behavioural changes that indicate increased arousal and experienced distress...
  57. ncbi Processing emotional pictures and words: effects of valence and arousal
    Elizabeth A Kensinger
    Department of Psychology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 6:110-26. 2006
    ..Negative and positive items were equated on arousal. The participants rated each item for whether it depicted or described something animate or inanimate or ..
  58. ncbi Attentional effects of noradrenaline vary with arousal level: selective activation of thalamic pulvinar in humans
    Jennifer T Coull
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Neuroimage 22:315-22. 2004
    ..can switch rapidly from a state of extremely low to almost full consciousness following phasic increases in arousal or cognitive demand...
  59. ncbi Emotional control of nociceptive reactions (ECON): do affective valence and arousal play a role?
    Jamie L Rhudy
    Department of Psychology, The University of Tulsa, 600 South College Avenue, Tulsa, OK 74104, USA
    Pain 136:250-61. 2008
    ..The present study sought to determine whether emotional valence and arousal contribute to nociception modulation...
  60. doi Specific cerebral activation due to visual erotic stimuli in male-to-female transsexuals compared with male and female controls: an fMRI study
    Elke R Gizewski
    Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany
    J Sex Med 6:440-8. 2009
    ..Differences between males and females in terms of functional imaging during erotic stimuli have been previously described, revealing gender-specific results...
  61. doi Cortical arousal in children with severe enuresis
    Chung K Yeung
    N Engl J Med 358:2414-5. 2008
  62. pmc More aroused, less fatigued: fatty acid amide hydrolase gene polymorphisms influence acute response to amphetamine
    Andrea M Dlugos
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Neuropsychopharmacology 35:613-22. 2010
    ..Associations between individual genotypes and levels of self-reported Arousal (Profile of Mood States) after d-amphetamine ingestion were investigated using two-way ANOVAs/ANCOVAs...
  63. doi Emotions induced by operatic music: psychophysiological effects of music, plot, and acting: a scientist's tribute to Maria Callas
    Felicia Rodica Balteş
    Emotion and Cognition Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Babes Bolyai University, Cluj Napoca, CJ 400015, Romania
    Brain Cogn 76:146-57. 2011
    ..Music listening alone elicited positive emotion and autonomic arousal, seen in faster heart rate, but slower respiration rate and reduced skin conductance...
  64. doi The role of physiological arousal in time perception: psychophysiological evidence from an emotion regulation paradigm
    N Mella
    Unit of Cognitive Neurosciences and Cerebral Imaging, CNRS, Paris, France
    Brain Cogn 75:182-7. 2011
    Time perception, crucial for adaptive behavior, has been shown to be altered by emotion. An arousal-dependent mechanism is proposed to account for such an effect...
  65. doi Affective processing within 1/10th of a second: High arousal is necessary for early facilitative processing of negative but not positive words
    Markus J Hofmann
    Free University Berlin, Germany
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 9:389-97. 2009
    Lexical decisions to high- and low-arousal negative words and to low-arousal neutral and positive words were examined in an event-related potentials (ERP) study...
  66. ncbi Neuropeptide S: a neuropeptide promoting arousal and anxiolytic-like effects
    Yan Ling Xu
    Department of Pharmacology, University of California Irvine, Irvine, Irvine, California 92697, USA
    Neuron 43:487-97. 2004
    b>Arousal and anxiety are behavioral responses that involve complex neurocircuitries and multiple neurochemical components...
  67. ncbi Sex differences in emotion: expression, experience, and physiology
    A M Kring
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37240, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 74:686-703. 1998
    ..Results replicated those from Study 1, and gender role characteristics and family expressiveness moderated the relationship between sex and expressivity...
  68. ncbi Recolonizing carnivores and naïve prey: conservation lessons from Pleistocene extinctions
    J Berger
    Program in Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation Biology, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89512, USA
    Science 291:1036-9. 2001
    ..The fact that at least one prey species quickly learns to be wary of restored carnivores should negate fears about localized prey extinction...
  69. ncbi Emotional arousal enhances declarative memory in patients with Alzheimer's disease
    C Satler
    Laboratory of Neurosciences and Behavior, and Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasilia, Asa Norte, Brasilia, DF, Brazil
    Acta Neurol Scand 116:355-60. 2007
    To verify whether the long-term retention of an emotionally arousing story is stronger than the retention of a neutral story, and the enhancing effects of emotional arousal on declarative memory in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients.
  70. ncbi Performing under pressure: the effects of physiological arousal, cognitive anxiety, and gaze control in biathlon
    Joan N Vickers
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Canada
    J Mot Behav 39:381-94. 2007
    ..At the highest PO level, directing visual attention externally to critical task information appeared to insulate the athletes from choking under HP...
  71. ncbi PTSD arousal and depression symptoms associated with increased right-sided parietal EEG asymmetry
    Linda J Metzger
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center Research Service, Manchester, NH 03104, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 113:324-9. 2004
    ..The results indicate that PTSD arousal symptoms are associated with increased right-sided parietal activation...
  72. ncbi Elevated pain thresholds correlate with dissociation and aversive arousal in patients with borderline personality disorder
    Petra Ludäscher
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg Medical School, Germany
    Psychiatry Res 149:291-6. 2007
    ..in to healthy controls as well as a positive correlation between pain thresholds and symptoms of stress (aversive arousal and dissociation) in BPD patients...
  73. pmc Both predator and prey: emotional arousal in threat and reward
    Andreas Löw
    Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, P O Box 112766, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Psychol Sci 19:865-73. 2008
    This research examined the psychophysiology of emotional arousal anticipatory to potentially aversive and highly pleasant outcomes...
  74. pmc Substantial similarity in amygdala neuronal activity during conditioned appetitive and aversive emotional arousal
    Steven J Shabel
    Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center, University of California at San Francisco, Emeryville, CA 94608, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:15031-6. 2009
    ..the activity of a large number of cells (> 43%) was correlated with blood pressure, a measure of emotional arousal. Together, our results suggest that a substantial proportion of neuronal circuits within the amygdala can ..
  75. doi Affective picture processing and motivational relevance: arousal and valence effects on ERPs in an oddball task
    Kate E Briggs
    School of Psychology, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 30, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
    Int J Psychophysiol 72:299-306. 2009
    ..ERPs) were recorded from 34 participants during a modified oddball paradigm in which levels of stimulus valence, arousal, and motivational relevance were systematically varied...
  76. pmc The rewarding aspects of music listening are related to degree of emotional arousal
    Valorie N Salimpoor
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    PLoS ONE 4:e7487. 2009
    ..It has been suggested that the pleasurable aspects of music listening are related to a change in emotional arousal, although this link has not been directly investigated...
  77. pmc Eye movements predict recollective experience
    Tali Sharot
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 3:e2884. 2008
    ..In turn, during recognition remembering may be trigged by enhanced memory for the salient details of the photos...
  78. ncbi Sertraline to improve arousal and alertness in severe traumatic brain injury secondary to motor vehicle crashes
    J M Meythaler
    University of Alabama at Birmingham Model Traumatic Brain Injury System Spain Rehabilitation Center, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Alabama School of Medicine, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Brain Inj 15:321-31. 2001
    To establish whether or not the serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) sertraline can improve arousal and alertness of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and associated diffuse axonal injury (DAI)...
  79. doi Modulation of cortical activation and behavioral arousal by cholinergic and orexinergic systems
    Barbara E Jones
    Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal Neurological Institute, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec H3A2B4, Canada
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1129:26-34. 2008
    ..to the promotion and maintenance of the wake state, which is characterized by cortical activation and behavioral arousal. Using predominantly glutamate as a neurotransmitter, neurons within the reticular formation of the brainstem ..
  80. pmc Reassessment of the structural basis of the ascending arousal system
    Patrick M Fuller
    Division of Sleep Medicine, Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Comp Neurol 519:933-56. 2011
    ..whether the cortical afferents from the thalamus or the basal forebrain were more important in maintaining arousal, we first placed large cell-body-specific lesions in these targets...
  81. ncbi "Change the mind and you change the brain": effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy on the neural correlates of spider phobia
    Vincent Paquette
    Centre de Recherche, Institut Universitaire de Geriatrie de Montreal, 4565 Queen Mary Road, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3W 1W5
    Neuroimage 18:401-9. 2003
    ..They further indicate that the changes made at the mind level, within a psychotherapeutic context, are able to functionally "rewire" the brain...
  82. ncbi Attention deficit disorders and sleep/arousal disturbance
    T E Brown
    Clinic for Attention and Related Disorders, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06519, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 931:271-86. 2001
    ..Impairments in sleep/arousal may also be related more directly to the underlying pathophysiology of ADD...
  83. ncbi Attentional interference effects of emotional pictures: threat, negativity, or arousal?
    Ulrich Schimmack
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Mississauga, Mississauga, ON, Canada
    Emotion 5:55-66. 2005
    ..According to arousal theory, arousal level predicts interference effects...
  84. ncbi How brains beware: neural mechanisms of emotional attention
    Patrik Vuilleumier
    Laboratory for Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Department of Neurosciences and Clinic of Neurology, University Medical Center, Geneva, Switzerland
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:585-94. 2005
    ..This work should help to elucidate the neural processes and temporal dynamics governing the integration of cognitive and affective influences in attention and behaviour...
  85. ncbi Taste reactivity analysis of 6-hydroxydopamine-induced aphagia: implications for arousal and anhedonia hypotheses of dopamine function
    K C Berridge
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109
    Behav Neurosci 103:36-45. 1989
    ..6-OHDA) lesions of the mesostriatal dopamine system are often explained using either sensorimotor arousal or anhedonia hypotheses...
  86. ncbi Event-related skin conductance responses to musical emotions in humans
    Stephanie Khalfa
    Department of Psychology, University of Montreal, CP 6128 Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada
    Neurosci Lett 328:145-9. 2002
    ..This response generally depends upon stimulus arousal, one of the two motivational determinants of emotion...
  87. ncbi The role of angry rumination and distraction in blood pressure recovery from emotional arousal
    William Gerin
    Columbia University NY Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, USA
    Psychosom Med 68:64-72. 2006
    ..Cardiovascular recovery of prestress baseline blood pressure has been implicated as a possible additional determinant of sustained blood pressure elevation. We hypothesize that angry ruminations may slow the recovery process...
  88. pmc Amygdala activation during reading of emotional adjectives--an advantage for pleasant content
    Cornelia Herbert
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 4:35-49. 2009
    ..Results indicate preferential processing of pleasant information in healthy young adults and can be accounted for within the framework of appraisal theory...
  89. doi Hypothalamic regulation of sleep and arousal
    Ronald Szymusiak
    Research Service 151A3, Veterans Administration, Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, 16111 Plummer Street, North Hills, CA 91434, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1129:275-86. 2008
    Normal waking is associated with neuronal activity in several chemically defined ascending arousal systems...
  90. ncbi Regulation of arousal and attention in preschool children exposed to cocaine prenatally
    L C Mayes
    Yale Child Study Center, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 846:126-43. 1998
    ..suggest a plausible link between prenatal cocaine exposure (CE) and specific effects on the mechanisms subserving arousal and attention regulation in infants and preschool-aged children...
  91. doi Dissociating emotion-induced blindness and hypervision
    Bruno R Bocanegra
    Department of Psychology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Emotion 9:865-73. 2009
    ....
  92. ncbi Cognitions, emotions, and sexual response: analysis of the relationship among automatic thoughts, emotional responses, and sexual arousal
    Pedro J Nobre
    Departamento de Educacao e Psicologia, Universidade de Tras os Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
    Arch Sex Behav 37:652-61. 2008
    ..between automatic thoughts and emotions presented during sexual activity and their correlation with sexual arousal was investigated...
  93. ncbi Brain activity underlying emotional valence and arousal: a response-related fMRI study
    Silke Anders
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 23:200-9. 2004
    ..is organized along two psychophysiologic dimensions: (1) valence, varying from negative to positive, and (2) arousal, varying from low to high...
  94. doi Affective experience in adulthood and old age: The role of affective arousal and perceived affect regulation
    Eva Marie Kessler
    Jacobs Center on Lifelong Learning and Institutional Development, Jacobs University, Bremen, Germany
    Psychol Aging 24:349-62. 2009
    ..Measurement of affect encompassed high- and low-arousal positive and negative affect. The sample consisted of 277 participants who were between 20 and 80 years old...
  95. ncbi Neuropeptide S as a novel arousal promoting peptide transmitter
    Rainer K Reinscheid
    Department of Pharmacology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 4625, USA
    FEBS J 272:5689-93. 2005
    Behavioral arousal requires integration of multiple neurotransmitter and neuromodulatory systems...
  96. ncbi Autonomic arousal in an appetitive context in primates: a behavioural and neural analysis
    Katrin Braesicke
    Department of Anatomy, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3DY, UK
    Eur J Neurosci 21:1733-40. 2005
    Central to many emotional responses is the accompanying peripheral somatic and autonomic arousal, feedback from which has been hypothesized to enhance emotional memory and to contribute to appraisal processes and decision making, and ..
  97. ncbi Neuropeptide S: a novel modulator of stress and arousal
    Naoe Okamura
    Department of Pharmacology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Stress 10:221-6. 2007
    Neuropeptide S (NPS) is a recently identified bioactive peptide that modulates stress and arousal. NPS is expressed in a few discrete nuclei in the brainstem, such as the pericoerulear (locus coeruleus (LC)) area and the parabrachial ..
  98. ncbi [New concepts in relation to generating and maintaining arousal]
    Pablo Torterolo
    Departamento de Fisiologia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Republica, Montevideo, Uruguay
    Rev Neurol 50:747-58. 2010
    ..the ascending reticular activating system (ARAS) played a vital role in understanding the physiology of sleep and arousal, as well as in explaining the pathophysiological bases of diseases characterised by insomnia, hypersomnia or coma...
  99. ncbi The effect of experimenter gender on autonomic and subjective responses to pain stimuli
    Per M Aslaksen
    Department of Psychology, University of Tromsø, N 9037 Tromsø, Norway
    Pain 129:260-8. 2007
    ..Subjective measurements consisted of pain intensity, pain unpleasantness, stress, arousal and mood. Autonomic responses were heart rate variability and skin conductance levels...
  100. pmc Drosophila D1 dopamine receptor mediates caffeine-induced arousal
    Rozi Andretic
    The Neurosciences Institute, San Diego, CA 92121, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:20392-7. 2008
    ..The wake-promoting effects of methamphetamine require a functional dopamine transporter as well as the dDA1, and they engage brain areas in addition to the mushroom bodies...
  101. ncbi Brain metabolic changes during cigarette craving
    Arthur L Brody
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, 300 UCLA Medical Plaza, Suite 2200, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:1162-72. 2002
    ..The objective of this study was to determine changes in regional cerebral glucose metabolism and correlations between craving and regional metabolism in heavy cigarette smokers exposed to cigarette-related cues...

Research Grants90

  1. Regulation of Hypothalamic Sleep-wake Neuronal System
    NOOR ALAM; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Evidence suggests that hypocretins (Hcrt), also called orexins, promote behavioral arousal and suppress rapid eye movement (REM) sleep...
  2. Speech of Young Males with Fragile X Syndrome
    David Zajac; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of intelligibility differ among boys with FXS, DS, and TD; and c) identify potential mechanisms (anxiety/arousal, motor speech, nonverbal cognition, attention) that may account for anticipated group differences in speech ..
  3. Speech of Young Males with Fragile X Syndrome
    David Zajac; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of intelligibility differ among boys with FXS, DS, and TD; and c) identify potential mechanisms (anxiety/arousal, motor speech, nonverbal cognition, attention) that may account for anticipated group differences in speech ..
  4. Consequences of Cardiac Arrest: Brain Injury
    NITISH VYOMESH THAKOR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..that track brain injury and recovery after CA, b) recovery of thalamocortical networks during restitution of arousal after CA and c) the patterns of electrical rhythms and time course when therapy may impact recovery...
  5. NEUROENDOCRINE CONTROL OF REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR
    LAUREN RITERS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..by a new investigator, is to elucidate basic relationships between hormones and brain areas regulating sexual arousal and those important for the expression of behaviors reflecting sexual arousal...
  6. Circadian and Aminergic Regulation of Orexin Neurons
    THOMAS SCAMMELL; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We propose a model in which orexin neurons promote wakefulness and inhibit REM sleep by activating aminergic arousal regions, and, in turn, the orexin neurons are activated by these aminergic regions...
  7. NEUROPHARMACOLOGY OF ETHANOL REINFORCEMENT
    George F Koob; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..disorder characterized by a compulsion to seek and take alcohol and has been linked to dysregulation of the brain arousal and emotional systems critically involved in both the positive and negative reinforcement important for the ..
  8. Spontaneous Arousals in "CHIME" Infants at Risk for SIDS
    ROBERT DARNALL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    b>Arousal from sleep is an important component of the protective responses to physiological challenges during sleep, helping to protect the infant from potentially dangerous situations, even sudden death...
  9. FEMALE SEXUAL AROUSAL: CLITORAL AND VAGINAL PHYSIOLOGY
    Abdulmaged Traish; Fiscal Year: 2003
    DESCRIPTION (Adapted from the Applicant's Abstract): Female sexuality is an desire, arousal, orgasm or pain, are estimated to afflict 30-50 percent of women in the United States...
  10. ORGANIZATION OF CENTRAL SYMPATHETIC PATHWAYS
    Patrice G Guyenet; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of breathing, a rise in blood pressure and sympathetic nerve activity, hormonal changes and behavioral arousal. These physiological responses are important for homeostasis and of considerable clinical interest...
  11. ORGANIZATION OF CENTRAL SYMPATHETIC PATHWAYS
    PATRICE GUYENET; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of breathing, a rise in blood pressure and sympathetic nerve activity, hormonal changes and behavioral arousal. These physiological responses are important for homeostasis and of considerable clinical interest...
  12. Nitric Oxide Inhibits RhoA/Rho-kinase in Penile Erection
    R Clinton Webb; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Constriction and dilation of the cavernosal vasculature determines penile erection. In the absence of arousal stimuli, Ca2+-sensitizing RhoA/Rho-kinase signaling maintains vasoconstriction, keeping the penis non-erect...
  13. CONTROL BELIEFS, MEMORY, AND AGING
    MARGIE LACHMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..be accomplished by using short-term longitudinal designs to examine strategy use, anxiety, stress reactivity and arousal as mediators...
  14. Depression & CHD: Cellular-Molecular Mechanisms
    EDWARD SUAREZ; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and at the cellular/molecular level via attenuation of stress-induced cardiovascular and adrenergic responses and arousal of negative affect, both shown to predict inflammatory cellular markers...
  15. Depression & CHD: Cellular-Molecular Mechanisms
    EDWARD CARLOS SUAREZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and at the cellular/molecular level via attenuation of stress-induced cardiovascular and adrenergic responses and arousal of negative affect, both shown to predict inflammatory cellular markers...
  16. The Roles of Neuropeptide S System in the Regulation of Sleep and Wakefulness
    Yanling Xu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Neuropeptide S (NPS) and it receptor are a newly discovered neuropeptide system that promotes arousal and wakefulness...
  17. Arousal, orexins and anesthesia
    MAX KELZ; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..will map neural activation through c-Fos protein immunohistochemistry?the same methodology used initially to find arousal state- dependent nuclei...
  18. Ginkgo Biloba: Antidepressant-Induced Sexual Dysfunction
    Cindy Meston; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In women, the side effects most commonly reported include decreased sexual arousal with decreased lubrication, delayed or inhibited orgasm, and decreased sexual desire...
  19. A NURSING STUDY OF GUT FUNCTION IN MENSTRUATING WOMEN
    Margaret McLean Heitkemper; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will also assess the physiologic links between vagal tone and other indicators of central mechanisms (arousal [startle reflex], and descending noxious inhibitory control)...
  20. Chronic Alcohol and Brain Stress Circuit Response
    Rajita Sinha; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..cue situations as compared to neutral-relaxing imagery reliably increases drug craving and physiological arousal. Such increases in drug craving are accompanied by activation of HPA measures such as adrenocorticotrophic ..
  21. Testing a Neurobiological Model of Primary Insomnia
    Daniel Buysse; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..1) Using ecological momentary assessment (EMA), we have identified a distinctive diurnal pattern of mood and arousal symptoms in PI subjects that differentiates them from good sleeper controls (GSC); 2) We demonstrated that ..
  22. Testing a Neurobiological Model of Primary Insomnia
    Daniel Buysse; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..1) Using ecological momentary assessment (EMA), we have identified a distinctive diurnal pattern of mood and arousal symptoms in PI subjects that differentiates them from good sleeper controls (GSC); 2) We demonstrated that ..
  23. Neuroendocrine Mechanisms in Yoga Treatment of Insomnia
    SAT BIR KHALSA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    There is good evidence that physiological arousal, associated with sustained activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis and the sympathetic nervous system, is an underlying cause of chronic insomnia...
  24. A NURSING STUDY OF GUT FUNCTION IN MENSTRUATING WOMEN
    Margaret Heitkemper; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Preliminary analysis of our current sample has shown that autonomic nervous system (ANS) arousal, menstrual cycle phase, and psychological distress are associated with such symptoms...
  25. DRUG EFFECTS ON LEARNING AND MEMORY
    James L McGaugh; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of this research program is to understand the neurobiological systems that mediate the influence of emotional arousal on long-term memory...
  26. Effects of DA D1 and D2 agonists on reward sensitivity
    Valeri Farmer Dougan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..relating dopamine to behavior have suggested a better description of dopamine may be as the neural substrate of arousal, novelty or surprise...