size perception

Summary

Summary: The sensory interpretation of the dimensions of objects.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Number-space mapping in human infants
    Maria Dolores de Hevia
    Laboratory for Developmental Studies, William James Hall, 11th Floor, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland St, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:653-60. 2010
  2. ncbi Size perception is less context-sensitive in males
    William A Phillips
    Centre for Cognitive and Computational Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
    Perception 33:79-86. 2004
  3. pmc Lifting without seeing: the role of vision in perceiving and acting upon the size weight illusion
    Gavin Buckingham
    Centre for Brain and Mind, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 5:e9709. 2010
  4. pmc Big people, little world: the body influences size perception
    Jeanine K Stefanucci
    Department of Psychology, The College of William and Mary, PO Box 8795, Williamsburg, VA 23187 8795, USA
    Perception 38:1782-95. 2009
  5. ncbi Experience can change distinct size-weight priors engaged in lifting objects and judging their weights
    J Randall Flanagan
    Department of Psychology and Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
    Curr Biol 18:1742-7. 2008
  6. ncbi The Ebbinghaus illusion deceives adults but not young children
    Martin J Doherty
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Dev Sci 13:714-21. 2010
  7. ncbi Size discrimination of hollow hemispheres by echolocation in a nectar feeding bat
    Ralph Simon
    University of Erlangen, Institute of Zoology II, Staudtstrasse 5, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
    J Exp Biol 209:3599-609. 2006
  8. ncbi Similarity of the perimeters in the Ebbinghaus illusion
    J M Choplin
    Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, USA
    Percept Psychophys 61:3-12. 1999
  9. ncbi Taking a hands-on approach: apparent grasping ability scales the perception of object size
    Sally A Linkenauger
    Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tubingen, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 37:1432-41. 2011
  10. ncbi Perceptual learning: inverting the size-weight illusion
    Marc O Ernst
    Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Spemannstr 41, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Curr Biol 19:R23-5. 2009

Research Grants

  1. Blur, Accommodation, and Vision
    Martin S Banks; Fiscal Year: 2013
  2. Correlates of perceived size in V1 neurons
    Scott O Murray; Fiscal Year: 2012
  3. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SIZE PERCEPTION
    John Allman; Fiscal Year: 2001
  4. TACTILE PICTURES AND THE VISUALLY IMPAIRED
    MORTON HELLER; Fiscal Year: 2001
  5. Perceptual and Decisional Processes in Categorization
    W Maddox; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. DEVELOPMENTAL FOUNDATIONS OF RATIO KNOWLEDGE
    Catherine Sophian; Fiscal Year: 2002
  7. Post-Attentive Vision
    Jeremy Wolfe; Fiscal Year: 2007
  8. TRAINING PROGRAM IN DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
    Janellen Huttenlocher; Fiscal Year: 2008
  9. PSYCHOPHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF HUMAN VISION
    Jeremy Wolfe; Fiscal Year: 2003
  10. The Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Category Learning
    F Ashby; Fiscal Year: 2009

Detail Information

Publications210 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Number-space mapping in human infants
    Maria Dolores de Hevia
    Laboratory for Developmental Studies, William James Hall, 11th Floor, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland St, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:653-60. 2010
    ..A central foundation of mathematics, science, and technology therefore emerges prior to experience with language, symbol systems, or measurement devices...
  2. ncbi Size perception is less context-sensitive in males
    William A Phillips
    Centre for Cognitive and Computational Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
    Perception 33:79-86. 2004
    Context sensitivity of size perception has previously been used to study individual differences related to the distinction between local, analytic, or field-independent and global, holistic, or field-dependent perceptual styles...
  3. pmc Lifting without seeing: the role of vision in perceiving and acting upon the size weight illusion
    Gavin Buckingham
    Centre for Brain and Mind, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 5:e9709. 2010
    ..Here, we examined whether these expectations are sufficient to induce the SWI in a single wooden cube when lifted without visual feedback, by varying the size of the object seen prior to the lift...
  4. pmc Big people, little world: the body influences size perception
    Jeanine K Stefanucci
    Department of Psychology, The College of William and Mary, PO Box 8795, Williamsburg, VA 23187 8795, USA
    Perception 38:1782-95. 2009
    ..We found that arm positions that were larger than the shoulder width made apertures appear smaller. The results suggest that dimensions of the body play a role in the scaling of environmental parameters in extrapersonal space...
  5. ncbi Experience can change distinct size-weight priors engaged in lifting objects and judging their weights
    J Randall Flanagan
    Department of Psychology and Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
    Curr Biol 18:1742-7. 2008
    ..Size-weight priors supporting action are more flexible, and adapt more rapidly, because they are tuned to specific objects and their current state...
  6. ncbi The Ebbinghaus illusion deceives adults but not young children
    Martin J Doherty
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Dev Sci 13:714-21. 2010
    The sensitivity of size perception to context has been used to distinguish between 'vision for action' and 'vision for perception', and to study cultural, psychopathological, and developmental differences in perception...
  7. ncbi Size discrimination of hollow hemispheres by echolocation in a nectar feeding bat
    Ralph Simon
    University of Erlangen, Institute of Zoology II, Staudtstrasse 5, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
    J Exp Biol 209:3599-609. 2006
    ..3 dB), the temporal pattern (3-22 micros) and the change of spectral notch frequency (approximately 16%). We discuss the advantages of discrimination in the frequency and/or time domain...
  8. ncbi Similarity of the perimeters in the Ebbinghaus illusion
    J M Choplin
    Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, USA
    Percept Psychophys 61:3-12. 1999
    ..These results suggest that the information used to estimate size is computed earlier in the visual system than suggested by Coren and colleagues and apparently does not involve the use of conceptual information...
  9. ncbi Taking a hands-on approach: apparent grasping ability scales the perception of object size
    Sally A Linkenauger
    Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tubingen, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 37:1432-41. 2011
    ....
  10. ncbi Perceptual learning: inverting the size-weight illusion
    Marc O Ernst
    Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Spemannstr 41, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Curr Biol 19:R23-5. 2009
    ..New results show that this size-weight illusion can be inverted after extensive training with objects in which the natural size-weight relationship is artificially reversed...
  11. ncbi Effects on hunger and satiety, perceived portion size and pleasantness of taste of varying the portion size of foods: a brief review of selected studies
    Tanja V E Kral
    Weight and Eating Disorders Program, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3535 Market Street, 3rd Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Appetite 46:103-5. 2006
    ..g. learning, social norms, monetary considerations), and post-ingestive consequences (e.g. sensations of hunger and fullness) related to the portion size of foods may interact to affect the amount of food that is consumed during a meal...
  12. ncbi Retinotopic activity in V1 reflects the perceived and not the retinal size of an afterimage
    Irene Sperandio
    The Brain and Mind Institute, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    Nat Neurosci 15:540-2. 2012
    ..This suggests that V1 has an important role in size constancy when the viewing distance of the stimulus changes...
  13. pmc The surface area of human V1 predicts the subjective experience of object size
    D Samuel Schwarzkopf
    University College London Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, UK
    Nat Neurosci 14:28-30. 2011
    ..Because such illusions dissociate conscious perception from physical stimulation, our findings indicate that the surface area of V1 predicts variability in conscious experience...
  14. ncbi The material-weight illusion revisited
    R R Ellis
    Psychology Department, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    Percept Psychophys 61:1564-76. 1999
    ..Experiment 3 documents that a firm grip also diminishes perceptual differentiation of actual mass differences. Several possible explanations of the consequences of increasing grip force are considered...
  15. ncbi The independence of size perception and distance perception
    R N Haber
    University of California, Santa Cruz, USA
    Percept Psychophys 63:1140-52. 2001
    ..perception has focused on environmental sources of information, which have been well documented; in contrast, size perception research has focused on familiarity or has relied on distance information...
  16. pmc Interocular induction of illusory size perception
    Chen Song
    UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    BMC Neurosci 12:27. 2011
    ..reflects the perceived rather than the physical size of objects, indicating an involvement of V1 in illusory size perception. Here we investigate the role of eye-specific signals in two common size illusions in order to provide ..
  17. ncbi Bayesian and "anti-Bayesian" biases in sensory integration for action and perception in the size-weight illusion
    Jordan B Brayanov
    School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    J Neurophysiol 103:1518-31. 2010
    ..Our findings suggest that two fundamentally different strategies for the integration of prior expectations with sensory information coexist in the nervous system for weight estimation...
  18. ncbi Portion distortion: typical portion sizes selected by young adults
    Jaime Schwartz
    Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:1412-8. 2006
    ....
  19. ncbi Viewing geometry determines how vision and haptics combine in size perception
    Sergei Gepshtein
    University of California, Berkeley, Vision Science Program, School of Optometry, Berkeley, CA 94720 2020, USA
    Curr Biol 13:483-8. 2003
    ..As a result, combined size estimates are finer than is possible with either vision or haptics alone; indeed, they approach statistical optimality...
  20. pmc Removing the frontal lobes: the effects of engaging executive functions on perceptual category learning
    J Vincent Filoteo
    Research Service, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California 92161, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:415-23. 2010
    ..These findings demonstrate the paradoxical situation in which learning can be improved under sequential-task conditions and have important implications for training, decision making, and understanding interactive memory systems...
  21. ncbi The visual perception of three-dimensional length
    J F Norman
    Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210 1222
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 22:173-86. 1996
    ..There were also large failures of constancy, such that the perception of 3-D length varied systematically with viewing distance, even under full-cue conditions...
  22. ncbi Dynamic touch
    M T Turvey
    Center for the Ecological Study of Perception and Action, Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269 1020, USA
    Am Psychol 51:1134-52. 1996
    ..A variety of recent experiments are reported, showing that in this kind of touching, which is closely connected with the states of muscles, the nervous system cleverly exploits the physics of rotations...
  23. pmc Discrimination thresholds for haptic perception of volume, surface area, and weight
    Mirela Kahrimanovic
    Helmholtz Institute, Universiteit Utrecht, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Atten Percept Psychophys 73:2649-56. 2011
    ..This substantial set of data satisfies the need for more fundamental knowledge on haptic size perception, necessary for a greater understanding of the perception of related properties, as well as of more general ..
  24. ncbi Container size influences snack food intake independently of portion size
    David Marchiori
    Social Psychology Unit, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, CP 122, 50, Avenue F D Roosevelt, B 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
    Appetite 58:814-7. 2012
    ..This research suggests that larger containers stimulate food intake over and above their impact on portion size...
  25. ncbi Seeing trees OR seeing forests in simultanagnosia: attentional capture can be local or global
    Kirsten A Dalrymple
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 45:871-5. 2007
    ..Capture likely occurs because of a pathological restriction and/or rigidity of attention, but the type of capture depends upon the competitive balance between global and local salience...
  26. ncbi Salience of central figure in the Ebbinghaus illusion: the Oreo cookie effect
    J G Muise
    Departement de Psychologie, Universite de Moncton, NB, Canada
    Percept Mot Skills 85:1203-8. 1997
    ..This Oreo effect is not predicted by a strict version of the token-value hypothesis and differs from explanations based on contrast and conceptual similarity...
  27. ncbi The effects of concurrent task interference on category learning: evidence for multiple category learning systems
    E M Waldron
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 8:168-76. 2001
    ..These results support the hypothesis that category learning is mediated by multiple learning systems...
  28. ncbi Psychological factors associated with ratings of portion size: relevance to the risk profile for obesity
    Caroline Davis
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, 343 Bethune College, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M3J 1P3
    Eat Behav 8:170-6. 2007
    ....
  29. ncbi Haptic discrimination of size and texture in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus)
    P Hille
    University of Munster, Department of Psychology, Germany
    Somatosens Mot Res 18:50-61. 2001
    ..The low difference thresholds determined for the squirrel monkeys in the present study point to the significance of unrestrained test conditions for the assessment of the haptic capacity of a species...
  30. ncbi Food liking, familiarity and expected satiation selectively influence portion size estimation of snacks and caloric beverages in men
    Nina Brogden
    Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Chester, United Kingdom
    Appetite 55:551-5. 2010
    ..30, full only); and with ES in four foods (r ≤ 0.45). Across foods lower ES ratings tended to correlate with higher portion size estimates. Portion size estimation is influenced by food liking, familiarity and expected satiation...
  31. ncbi Food energy content influences food portion size estimation by nutrition students
    C C Japur
    Departamento de Clinica Medica, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto SP, Brazil
    J Hum Nutr Diet 23:272-6. 2010
    ..The present study aimed to evaluate the ability of nutrition students to estimate food portions in usual meals and relate food energy content with errors in food portion size estimation...
  32. ncbi Using eye height in different postures to scale the heights of objects
    M Wraga
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 25:518-30. 1999
    ..The FP gradient affected prone judgments but not seated judgments, which presumably relied on EH. It appears that the human visual system weights size information differentially depending on its utility...
  33. ncbi Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) relational matching: playing by their own (analogical) rules
    Timothy M Flemming
    Department of Psychology and Language Research Center, Georgia State University, PO Box 5010, Atlanta, GA 30302 5010, USA
    J Comp Psychol 125:207-15. 2011
    ..This evidence not only provides support for the analogical ape hypothesis (Thompson & Oden, 2000), but also exemplifies how foundational conceptually mediated analogical behavior may be for the chimpanzee...
  34. ncbi Estimated portion sizes of snacks and beverages differ from reference amounts and are affected by appetite status in non-obese men
    Nina Brogden
    Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Chester, Parkgate Road, Chester CH1 4BJ, UK
    Public Health Nutr 14:1743-51. 2011
    ..e. government and health professionals' reference amounts)...
  35. ncbi Why Barbie feels heavier than Ken: the influence of size-based expectancies and social cues on the illusory perception of weight
    Anton J M Dijker
    Department of Health Education and Promotion, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Cognition 106:1109-25. 2008
    ..Results are used to clarify the nature of "embodied", internal sensory-motor representations of physical and social properties...
  36. ncbi Weight perception and the haptic size-weight illusion are functions of the inertia tensor
    E L Amazeen
    Center for the Ecological Study of Perception and Action, Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269 1020, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 22:213-32. 1996
    ..Weight perception and the size-weight illusion depend on stimulus invariants, not inference...
  37. ncbi Relative size perception at a distance is best at eye level
    M Bertamini
    University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22903, USA
    Percept Psychophys 60:673-82. 1998
    ..The finding that relative size judgments are best around the horizon implies that information that is independent of distance perception is used in perceiving size...
  38. ncbi Size perception in hemianopia and neglect
    S Ferber
    Department of Cognitive Neurology, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    Brain 124:527-36. 2001
    ..The issue is unclear because size perception may be influenced by factors other than neglect, e.g. visual field defects such as hemianopia...
  39. ncbi Independence of perceptual and sensorimotor predictions in the size-weight illusion
    J R Flanagan
    Department of Psychology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 3N6, Canada
    Nat Neurosci 3:737-41. 2000
    ....
  40. ncbi Comparison of digital photography to weighed and visual estimation of portion sizes
    Donald A Williamson
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 103:1139-45. 2003
    ..The primary goal was to test the validity of digital photography for measuring food portion sizes compared with weighed foods and with direct visual estimation...
  41. ncbi Perceptual behavior: recurrence analysis of a haptic exploratory procedure
    Michael A Riley
    Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, OH 45221 0376, USA
    Perception 31:481-510. 2002
    ..Analyses of the subtle recurrent patterns in the phase space of the hand motions revealed differences in wielding across the different perceptual intentions. Haptic exploratory procedures may exhibit distinct exploratory dynamics...
  42. ncbi The role of feedback information for calibration and attunement in perceiving length by dynamic touch
    Rob Withagen
    Institute for Fundamental and Clinical Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 31:1379-90. 2005
    ..The observed change in variable use has implications also for research on what mechanical variables underlie length perception by dynamic touch...
  43. ncbi Development of size constancy in children: a test of the metacognitive theory
    Carl E Granrud
    School of Psychological Sciences, University of Northern Colorado, Campus Box 94, Greeley, CO 80639, USA
    Atten Percept Psychophys 71:644-54. 2009
    ..The results suggest that age-related changes in size estimation accuracy result from the development of cognitive abilities necessary for using deliberate strategies to supplement perception...
  44. ncbi Understanding bias in proportion production
    J G Hollands
    Defence R and D Canada Toronto, Ontario
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 28:563-74. 2002
    ..The model's predictions were generally supported. An extension of the model using reference points can account for multicycle patterns shown by some participants...
  45. pmc Response processes in information-integration category learning
    Brian J Spiering
    Department of Psychology, University of California, 551 University Road, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 90:330-8. 2008
    ..In these experiments, a consistent association between a category and a response feature was sufficient. The implication of these results for the neurobiology of information-integration category learning is discussed...
  46. ncbi On the dominance of unidimensional rules in unsupervised categorization
    F G Ashby
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara 93106, USA
    Percept Psychophys 61:1178-99. 1999
    ..These results contrast with those for supervised category learning; they support the hypothesis that in the absence of feedback, people are constrained to use unidimensional rules...
  47. pmc Local or global? Attentional selection of spatial frequencies binds shapes to hierarchical levels
    Anastasia V Flevaris
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, 3210 Tolman Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:424-31. 2010
    ....
  48. ncbi The contribution of covert attention to the set-size and eccentricity effects in visual search
    M Carrasco
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York 10003 6634, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 24:673-92. 1998
    ..The conjunction set-size effect was reduced but not eliminated. This questions serial-search models that attribute a major role to covert attention in visual search...
  49. ncbi Neural mechanisms of visual object priming: evidence for perceptual and semantic distinctions in fusiform cortex
    Jon S Simons
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuroimage 19:613-26. 2003
    ..The results are consistent with the view that the right fusiform plays a greater role in processing specific visual form information about objects, whereas the left fusiform is also involved in lexical/semantic processing...
  50. ncbi Temporal limitation of Navon effect on face recognition
    Peter J Hills
    School of Psychology, Tower Building, Cardiff University, Park Place, Cardiff, Wales, UK
    Percept Mot Skills 104:501-9. 2007
    ..In Exp. 2 analysis of undergraduates' responses (9 men, 20 women, M age =19, selected by convenience) showed the decrease in the Navon effect could be prevented by alternating the Navon task with the face recognition task...
  51. ncbi Navon letters affect face learning and face retrieval
    Michael B Lewis
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, UK
    Exp Psychol 56:258-64. 2009
    ..These results provide support for the TIPS explanation of the Navon effect...
  52. ncbi Attentional persistence for features of hierarchical patterns
    L C Robertson
    Neurology Service, Veterans Administration Medical Center, Martinez, California 94553, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 125:227-49. 1996
    ..The effects last for up to 3 s without diminution and are not affected by changes in color, polarity, or contrast. These findings are discussed as they relate to spatial attention, object perception, and memory...
  53. ncbi The effects of precedence on Navon-induced processing bias in face recognition
    Timothy J Perfect
    School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61:1479-86. 2008
    ..These data raise important questions as to what is transferred between the Navon orientation task and the face-processing tasks that follow...
  54. ncbi Rubber hand illusions and size-weight illusions: self-representation modulates representation of external objects
    Patrick Haggard
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Perception 38:1796-803. 2009
    ..Self-representation thus influenced exteroception. The sense of one's own body provides a fundamental reference for perception in general...
  55. ncbi Relations between perceptual and conceptual scope: how global versus local processing fits a focus on similarity versus dissimilarity
    Jens Förster
    Department of Social Psychology, Universiteit van Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Gen 138:88-111. 2009
    ..PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)...
  56. ncbi Development of size constancy in children: a test of the proximal mode sensitivity hypothesis
    Carl E Granrud
    School of Psychological Sciences, McKee 14, Campus Box 94, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO 80639, USA
    Percept Psychophys 68:1372-81. 2006
    ..Our results conflict with those of Shallo and Rock and support earlier findings that young children do not exhibit size constancy for distant objects...
  57. ncbi Sufficiency of longitudinal moment of inertia for haptic cylinder length judgments
    Patrick A Cabe
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Pembroke, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 36:373-94. 2010
    ..Contrary to proposals in the literature, Iii is sufficient information for cylinder length judgments, absent m or M information, even when Iii is of minimal magnitude and the task quite novel...
  58. ncbi Direct learning in dynamic touch
    Claire F Michaels
    Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 34:944-57. 2008
    ..Whereas previous applications of the theory posit the existence of information-for-learning without identifying a candidate variable, such a candidate is identified...
  59. ncbi More accurate size contrast judgments in the Ebbinghaus Illusion by a remote culture
    Jan de Fockert
    Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths College, University of London, London, UK
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 33:738-42. 2007
    ..It is argued that the more accurate size judgments of the Himba derive from their tendency to prioritize the analysis of local details in visual processing of multiple objects, and not from their impoverished naming...
  60. ncbi The effect of repetition lag on electrophysiological and haemodynamic correlates of visual object priming
    R N Henson
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, UK
    Neuroimage 21:1674-89. 2004
    ....
  61. ncbi The interaction of binocular disparity and motion parallax in determining perceived depth and perceived size
    M F Bradshaw
    Department of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
    Perception 27:1317-31. 1998
    ..In addition, given this assumption, the same estimate of viewing distance was used to scale size and depth estimates...
  62. ncbi Influence of object size on baseline identification, priming, and explicit memory
    Bob Uttl
    Brain Science Research Center, University of Tamagawa, Tokyo, Japan
    Scand J Psychol 48:281-8. 2007
    ..We discuss implications of our findings for theories of object perception, memory, and eyewitness identification accuracy for objects...
  63. ncbi Size constancy in infants: 4-month-olds' responses to physical versus retinal image size
    Carl E Granrud
    School of Psychological Sciences, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO 80639, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 32:1398-404. 2006
    ..Given this finding, the results suggest that 4-month-old infants attend and respond primarily to physical size, not to retinal image size...
  64. ncbi Monocular vision leads to a dissociation between grip force and grip aperture scaling during reach-to-grasp movements
    Stephen R Jackson
    School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 12:237-40. 2002
    ..These results are related to differences in visual processing required for calibrating grip aperture and grip force during reaching...
  65. ncbi Human listeners attend to size information in domestic dog growls
    Anna M Taylor
    Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Falmer, BN1 9QH United Kingdom
    J Acoust Soc Am 123:2903-9. 2008
    ..Taken together, this suggests that participants relied more heavily on Deltaf, in accordance with the fact that formants are better predictors of body size than F0...
  66. ncbi Does energy expenditure affect the perception of egocentric distance? A failure to replicate experiment 1 of Proffitt, Stefanucci, Banton, and Epstein (2003)
    Jeffrey J Hutchison
    University of California, USA
    Span J Psychol 9:332-9; discussion 340-8. 2006
    ..In two experiments, one involving a between-participants design and the other involving a within-participants design, we found that none of the three responses were influenced by the wearing of a heavy backpack...
  67. pmc Attention-dependent representation of a size illusion in human V1
    Fang Fang
    Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People s Republic of China
    Curr Biol 18:1707-12. 2008
    ..We reason that focusing attention on the fixation task resulted in reduced activity in--and therefore reduced feedback from--higher visual areas that process the 3D depth cues...
  68. ncbi Dissociable neural mechanisms for determining the perceived heaviness of objects and the predicted weight of objects during lifting: an fMRI investigation of the size-weight illusion
    Philippe A Chouinard
    CIHR Group on Action and Perception, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond Street, London, Ontario, Canada
    Neuroimage 44:200-12. 2009
    ....
  69. ncbi Multisensory synesthetic interactions in the speeded classification of visual size
    Alberto Gallace
    Room B121, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3UD, England
    Percept Psychophys 68:1191-203. 2006
    ..The possible cognitive bases for this synesthetic association are also discussed...
  70. ncbi Preverbal infants' sensitivity to synaesthetic cross-modality correspondences
    Peter Walker
    Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YF, United Kingdom
    Psychol Sci 21:21-5. 2010
    ..This is the strongest indication to date that synaesthetic cross-modality correspondences are an unlearned aspect of perception...
  71. ncbi Why is it easier to identify someone close than far away?
    Geoffrey R Loftus
    University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 1525, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 12:43-65. 2005
    ..g., legal) settings to demonstrate the loss of face information that occurs when a person is seen at a particular distance...
  72. ncbi Social categorization and perceptual judgment of size: when perception is social
    D A Stapel
    Department of Social Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Pers Soc Psychol 73:1177-90. 1997
    ..Implications of these findings for theories of social knowledge effects are discussed...
  73. ncbi Attentional capture with various distractor and target types
    G Chastain
    Boise State University, Idaho, USA
    Percept Psychophys 63:979-90. 2001
    ..Neither a singleton-detection mode, nor a contingent involuntary orienting hypothesis, nor creation of a new object seems to explain all of these data adequately. Rather, capture may depend on a number of factors in the task...
  74. ncbi Decision-bound theory and the influence of familiarity
    Tom Verguts
    University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Psychon Bull Rev 10:141-8. 2003
    ..It is found that familiarity did have a strong impact on response time for at least half of our participants. We suggest that DBT is in itself incomplete and should be extended to account for the full range of available data...
  75. ncbi Sequential modulations of stimulus-response correspondence effects depend on awareness of response conflict
    Wilfried Kunde
    University of Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
    Psychon Bull Rev 10:198-205. 2003
    ..This suggests that the suppression of automatic response priming is not an immediate consequence of response conflict, but an intention-mediated strategy...
  76. ncbi How do people apprehend large numerosities?
    Catherine Sophian
    Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2430 Campus Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
    Cognition 107:460-78. 2008
    ..The findings suggest that adults heuristically utilize non-numerical cues as well as numerical information in apprehending large numerosities...
  77. ncbi Hemispheric asymmetries in categorical judgments of direction versus coordinate judgments of velocity of motion
    Stephen D Christman
    Department of Psychology, University of Toledo, OH 43606 3390, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 9:298-305. 2002
    ..Results are interpreted in light of Kosslyn's (1987) model of hemispheric differences in the processing of categorical versus coordinate spatial relations...
  78. ncbi Bottom-up guidance in visual search for conjunctions
    Michael J Proulx
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 33:48-56. 2007
    ....
  79. ncbi What does the nature of the stimuli tell us about the Global Precedence Effect?
    Nicolas Poirel
    Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle GIN UMR 6194, CNRS, CEA, University of Caen and University of Paris V, France
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 127:1-11. 2008
    ..These results suggest that the GPE involves both "sensory mechanisms" (responsible for the global advantage) and "cognitive mechanisms" (responsible for the interference effect)...
  80. ncbi Comparison is not just subtraction: effects of time- and space-order on subjective stimulus difference
    Ake Hellström
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
    Percept Psychophys 65:1161-77. 2003
    ..In comparisons of duration (auditory and visual), the second stimulus had the greater weight. For simultaneously presented line lengths, the left stimulus had the greater weight...
  81. ncbi Global and local processing in Williams syndrome, autism, and Down syndrome: perception, attention, and construction
    Melanie A Porter
    Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia
    Dev Neuropsychol 30:771-89. 2006
    ..This study finds evidence of cognitive heterogeneity in WS, consistent with Porter and Coltheart (2005)...
  82. ncbi Inhibition of return for the length of a line?
    Lori Francis
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Percept Psychophys 65:1208-21. 2003
    ..The discussion centers on an opponent process approach to interpreting cuing effects, and consequent difficulties in distinguishing spatial and nonspatial cuing effects based on their time course...
  83. ncbi Grouping with and without attention
    Wai Yen Chan
    National University of Singapore, Singapore
    Psychon Bull Rev 10:932-8. 2003
    ..When the observers' attention was directed to the arrowheads but they nevertheless failed to discern the arrowheads' orientation, their line judgments were still influenced by the illusion...
  84. ncbi Age-related deficits in guided search using cues
    Lawrence R Gottlob
    University of Kentucky, Lexington, 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Aging 21:526-34. 2006
    ..The results indicated that older observers had difficulty with interpreting the cue and setting search parameters when the target varied across trials...
  85. ncbi The PIG in sPrInG: evidence on letter grouping from the reading of buried words
    Glyn W Humphreys
    School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, England
    Psychon Bull Rev 10:939-46. 2003
    ..The study provides evidence for letter grouping using size and case information...
  86. ncbi Perception of the standard and the reversed Müller-Lyer figures in pigeons (Columba livia) and humans (Homo sapiens)
    Noriyuki Nakamura
    Department of Psychology, Graduate School of Letters, Kyoto University, Yoshida Honmachi, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
    J Comp Psychol 120:252-61. 2006
    ..Experiment 2 confirmed that humans perceived both types of the illusion. Pigeons and humans may perceive the same illusory figures in different ways...
  87. ncbi Looking at perspective pictures from too far, too close, and just right
    Igor Juricevic
    Department of Life Sciences Psychology, University of Toronto, Scarborough, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Gen 135:448-61. 2006
    ....
  88. ncbi The classification of graphical elements
    J G Hollands
    Defence R and D Canada Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Exp Psychol 57:38-47. 2003
    ..In general, the results showed that proportion and scaling had an asymmetric integral relation for stacked bar graphs, but were separable dimensions for pie charts...
  89. ncbi Spatial accuracy demand in aiming movements: kinematic analysis of subtended angle and tolerance width
    Wan X Yao
    Department of Health and Kinesiology, College of Education and Human Development, The University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78249, USA
    Percept Mot Skills 104:611-20. 2007
    ..Overall, the results indicate that the tolerance width of the target may impose more constraints on aiming movements than subtended angle...
  90. ncbi Comparing supervised and unsupervised category learning
    Bradley C Love
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 9:829-35. 2002
    ..The acquisition and application of knowledge is also more laborious under intentional unsupervised learning...
  91. ncbi Task shifting in dual-task settings
    Shulan Hsieh
    Department of Psychology, National Chung Cheng University, Ming Hsuing, Chia Yi, Taiwan
    Percept Mot Skills 94:407-14. 2002
    ..We further suggest that such interference may arise from the competition between activations of various rules...
  92. ncbi Selective reaching: evidence for multiple frames of reference
    Ron F Keulen
    Department of Movement Sciences, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 28:515-26. 2002
    ..Results support the hypothesis that the brain represents spatial information in multiple frames of reference, with the dominant frame of reference being dependent on the task demands...
  93. ncbi Serial attention mechanisms in visual search: a direct behavioral demonstration
    Emanuela Bricolo
    University of Verona, Italy
    J Cogn Neurosci 14:980-93. 2002
    ....
  94. ncbi Local and global processing: observations from a remote culture
    Jules Davidoff
    Centre for Cognition, Computation and Culture, Goldsmiths College, University of London, London, UK
    Cognition 108:702-9. 2008
    ..The data are consistent with a cultural/experiential origin for population differences in local processing and suggest that attention to the local and global properties of stimuli may differ for hierarchical figures and faces...
  95. ncbi Effect of background motion on line bisection performance in normal subjects
    Duk L Na
    Department of Neurology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Cortex 38:787-96. 2002
    ....
  96. ncbi Aging and the perceptual organization of 3-D scenes
    Zheng Bian
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Psychol Aging 23:342-52. 2008
    ..However, the magnitude of the effect decreased for older observers. These results suggest a decreased use of ground surface information by older observers for the perceptual organization of scene layout...
  97. ncbi Effects of order of report and stimulus type on multidimensional identification
    Kong King Shieh
    Department of Industrial Management, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, ROC
    Percept Mot Skills 95:783-94. 2002
    ..Otherwise, reporting color attribute later seemed to have an advantage because color is less vulnerable to memory deterioration...
  98. ncbi Grasp cueing shows obligatory attention to action goals
    Martin H Fischer
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61:860-8. 2008
    ..These results might help to characterize the human mirror neuron system and reveal how joint attention tunes early perceptual processes toward action prediction...
  99. ncbi Working memory costs of task switching
    Baptist Liefooghe
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:478-94. 2008
    ..These results indicate that task switching induces a cost on working memory functioning. Implications for theories of task switching, working memory, and resource sharing are addressed...
  100. ncbi Precuing benefits for color and location in a visual search task
    Esther Vierck
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Percept Psychophys 70:365-73. 2008
    ..Our results thus suggest that selection by color in a multiple-item display, where location and color information are independent from each other and equalized, is mediated by location information...
  101. pmc Visual short-term memory operates more efficiently on boundary features than on surface features
    George A Alvarez
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Percept Psychophys 70:346-64. 2008
    ..Instead, there appear to be different codes for the boundary and surface features of objects, and memory operates on boundary features more efficiently than it operates on surface features...

Research Grants64

  1. Blur, Accommodation, and Vision
    Martin S Banks; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..There is clear evidence that blur affects distance and size perception. A probabilistic model will be developed that incorporates the information in blur and other cues...
  2. Correlates of perceived size in V1 neurons
    Scott O Murray; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Together these specific aims will shed light on the processes that underlie size perception, which are critical for interacting with a 3D world, and will provide a bridge between vision studies in ..
  3. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SIZE PERCEPTION
    John Allman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..We propose to investigate the mechanisms for the mediation of size perceptIon in the macular representations in cortical areas for object vision, V1, V2, V4, and IT in awake, behaving ..
  4. TACTILE PICTURES AND THE VISUALLY IMPAIRED
    MORTON HELLER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..A number of illusions which occur in vision will also be investigated when presented tactually. In addition, top down influences as well as context effects will also be studied. ..
  5. Perceptual and Decisional Processes in Categorization
    W Maddox; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Project 4 extends the studies in Project I - 3 to an explicit decision criterion task where observers adjust an observable decision criterion on each trial. These data are useful for testing learning models. ..
  6. DEVELOPMENTAL FOUNDATIONS OF RATIO KNOWLEDGE
    Catherine Sophian; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  7. Post-Attentive Vision
    Jeremy Wolfe; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Taken together, the results of this program of research will test hypotheses that tie our understanding of visual search to our understanding of short and longer term visual memory. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. TRAINING PROGRAM IN DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
    Janellen Huttenlocher; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Postdoctoral trainees will have at least two mentors from the training faculty and will join a rich environment for postdoctoral investigations in the Department of Psychology. ..
  9. PSYCHOPHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF HUMAN VISION
    Jeremy Wolfe; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..He will expand the Guided Search model to handle additional data (e.g. eye movements in visual search and the "attentional blink"). ..
  10. The Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Category Learning
    F Ashby; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., teaching radiologists to find tumors in x-rays). ..
  11. MONOCULAR DISTANCE PERCEPTION FOR REACHING AND GRASPING
    Geoffrey P Bingham; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The knowledge to be gained from this research is essential for formulating effective physical therapies for the elderly or children with DCD, or for learning to use visual aids and prosthetic limbs. ..
  12. Effect of Nutrition Labeling on Fast Food Choices
    Lisa Harnack; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study builds on previous intervention research on point of purchase nutrition information and price incentives to provide new unique information that may have broad public health implications. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Overt and Covert Selection During Reading
    ALBRECHT INHOFF; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It should also have ramifications beyond the domain of reading, as coordination of covert and overt selection may be part and parcel of effective visual selection in general. ..
  14. Do Housing Conditions Influence Learning & Retention of a Working Memory Task?
    JAMES CHURCHILL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. IMPAIRED AND PRESERVED MEMORY PROCESSES IN AMNESIA
    Mieke Verfaellie; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Movement Analysis to Monitor Medication Side Effects
    Hans Leo Teulings; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The pharmaceutical industry would be able to reduce research and development costs if adverse effects of new medications could be measured quicker and more reliably than conventional methods. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. Neural Substrates of Executive Control Revealed by FMRI
    Daniel Weissman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. Middle School Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes
    Tom Baranowski; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Tests of the proposed hypotheses will identify key variables mediating the intervention effects, and thereby elucidate our understanding of how behavior change programs work. ..
  19. The nature and time course of phonological representations in reading
    Keith Rayner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. PROP SENSITIVITY AND OBESITY AMONG ETHNIC CHILDREN
    Tom Baranowski; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Understanding how PROP sensitivity relates to obesity and food intake could provide an easily determined stratifying variable to which dietary interventions could be tailored. ..
  21. Skill acquisition in older adults
    Rachael Seidler; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  22. Theoretical analysis of the effects of aging on memory and reaction time
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  23. Alcohol and Tobacco CNS Effects in Binge Drinkers
    JOHN M POLICH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  24. TRANSMISSION OF INFORMATION IN THE VISUAL SYSTEM
    Denis G Pelli; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus techniques from cognition, perception, statistical learning theory, and physiology together will reveal what is computed where, in the brain, when an observer identifies an object. ..
  25. LA Health:Primary and Secondary Obesity Prevention
    Donald Williamson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results of this investigation will significantly impact public health policy related to obesity prevention in rural communities, minority communities, and in children from families that are economically disadvantaged. ..
  26. MEMORY FOR VISUAL MATERIAL
    GEOFFREY LOFTUS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Finally, the proposed work on theory, methodology, statistics, and data interpretation is applicable to virtually every aspect of research in experimental psychology, clinical psychology, and neuroscience. ..
  27. Handwriting Teaching Tool
    Hans Leo Teulings; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Handwriting re-education is also in demand in health care. Illegible handwriting by physicians causes 10% of the prescriptions to be misread causing preventable medication errors. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Processes of Discrimination and Attention
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The work stresses the collection of quantitative data suitable for mathematical modeling; an exemplar model of discrimination and memory is used to predict key results. ..
  29. Measuring retinogeniculate efficacy in wakefulness
    THEODORE WEYAND; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of this project will provide novel information for understanding the functional significance of the LGN in vision, and it will be appropriately done in an awake, behaving, perceiving primate. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Neuroelectric Assessment of Ecstasy Use in Young Adults
    John Polich; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Equal numbers of female and male subjects will be assessed in all phases. The proposed methods will characterize CNS differences from MDMA use to provide assessment of drug effects on cognition. ..
  31. Spatial neglect and bias in near and far space
    Anna Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..However, this work may also advance understanding of safe and adaptive movement in complex environments by neurologically-impaired persons, improving their driving and functional independence. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Effect of forgetting on the accuracy of JOLs
    JAMES VAN OVERSCHELDE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..e., study instructions) will be manipulated. A goal of the proposed training plan is also to provide the means by which I can improve my writing, research, and lab management skills. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. Optimization software for goal-directed movements
    Hans Leo Teulings; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Finally, the marketing plan will be developed. ..
  34. EARLY NUMBERS DEVELOPMENT: A DOMAIN GENERAL APPROACH
    Kelly Mix; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..It would also increase what is known about the generalizability of the developmental processes that have been posited to explain comparison and categorization in other domains. ..
  35. Effects of Stress on Pathology of Parkinson's Disease
    GERLINDE METZ; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These approaches will provide the opportunity to understand factors involved in the pathology of PD and to develop novel therapeutic strategies for neurodegenerative motor disorders. ..
  36. Effects of Anxiety on Interhemispheric Processing
    REBECCA COMPTON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Application of the ERP methodology for measuring interhemispheric transmission is expected to produce a detailed picture of how emotional relevance affects the spread of information from one hemisphere to another. ..
  37. Neglect and Neural Mechanisms of Magnitude Estimation
    Mark Mennemeier; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Experiments IV-VI examine alternative explanations for altered ratio scaling among patients with neglect. Finally, we propose to develop and test a mathematical model of ratio scaling during the course of this proposal. ..
  38. Neuroelectric Assessment of MDMA (Ecstasy) Use in Adults
    John Polich; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These results will provide fundamental data on how MDMA use may alter CNS function. ..
  39. NEURAL RECORDINGS AND REACTION TIME MODELS
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. BRAIN-INJURY MEMORY DISORDERS RESEARCH CENTER
    Mieke Verfaellie; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The interactions between the investigators from the five investigative components supported by the core programs constitute the fabric of our Center. ..
  41. FORCE MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS SYSTEM
    Hans Leo Teulings; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..No similar movement analysis system is available. The potential marker consists of neurological clinics, motor control research laboratories, health insurance companies, and human factors assessment centers. ..
  42. Home Fruit,Juice and Vegetable Availability
    Tom Baranowski; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The extent to which this research enhances the validity and reliability of measurement, future research on correlates will be more successful. ..
  43. Structure of the Human Cortical Depth Map
    Christopher Tyler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The mapping results will be validated by functional studies of the susceptibility of each cortical area to depth variations and of the time course depth adaptation, and also for insensitivity to contrast variations. ..
  44. MARIJUANA CNS EFFECTS IN LOW- AND HIGH-RISK ADULTS
    John Polich; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The most sensitive and effective paradigms will provide reliable neuroelectric signatures that reflect marihuana's cognitive effects. ..
  45. Assessing the Impact of Function on Early Categorization
    Amy Booth; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Not only will they highlight the value of better understanding this phenomenon, but they will establish the viability of new stimuli and methods for pursuing that understanding. ..
  46. OBESITY PREV AMONG PREPUBERTAL AFRICAN AMERICAN GIRLS
    Tom Baranowski; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This will be the first obesity prevention project to employ a month-long summer camp, web technology, and sophisticated biological measures to assess factors predictive of body composition change. ..
  47. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
  48. Reaching as a Yardstick for Infant Gestalt Perception
    PETER VISHTON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. Viewpoint Invariance in Infant's Perception of Objects
    Peter Gerhardstein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. Striatal Contributions to Category Learning
    J Vincent Filoteo; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Further, quantitative models will be applied to the data of PD patients and controls in order to determine more precisely the nature of any observed category learning deficits in the PD patients. ..
  51. RETRIEVAL PROCESSES IN MEMORY
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Reaction time models especially might lead to diagnostic techniques that are non-invasive and relatively inexpensive. ..
  52. INTERNET-BASED OBESITY PREVENTION FOR BLACK ADOLESCENTS
    Donald Williamson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Furthermore, if this approach is successful, the technology lends itself to widespread implementation. ..
  53. Control of Dynamic Attention
    TODD STEVEN HOROWITZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose to study how attention works in complex, dynamic environments, using a combination of cognitive and neuroscience approaches. ..
  54. The Role of Sensory Decline In Cognitive Aging
    Jennifer Glass; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This work would add to our understanding of the ways by which sensory function can affect cognitive function in older adults and has theoretical and applied implications. ..
  55. RECOGNIZING PHONOLOGICAL VARIANTS OF SPOKEN WORDS
    MARK PITT; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..User-friendly software to analyze and search the corpus, along with a host of supporting material (instruction manuals, tutorials, user forum) will also be provided to facilitate and encourage its use. ..
  56. DISTRACTION
    Anna Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract not available..
  57. Neurocognitive Risks & Consequences of Smoking
    Jennifer Glass; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Reduced neurocognitive function appears to be both a risk for and a consequence of smoking and the longitudinal design provides a unique opportunity to assess neurocognitive function before and after smoking onset. ..
  58. Cognitive Function & Executive Control in Fibromyalgia
    Jennifer Glass; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The emphasis on executive control processes is important because these are critical in many demanding work and life situations. ..
  59. AGE AND SPECIFIC MECHANISMS OF VISUAL ATTENTION
    LAWRENCE GOTTLOB; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Experiments 7-8 will extend the current methods of analysis to a related attention paradigm. Analyses from the proposed project will allow us to understand better the mechanisms of age-related change in attentional facilitation. ..
  60. Processing of Contour Junctions in Area V1
    SEAN MACEVOY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These experiments explore the way in which line intersections are represented in V1, providing insights into the capacity of V1 to process complex stimuli, as well as their role in the conscious perception of orientation. ..
  61. Hybrid EEG Sensor Array for Brain/Computer Interfaces
    Eric Sellers; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..QUASAR's unique sensing technology allows the development of a simple-to-install, comfortable device for long- term wear. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. Cognitive Processing in Human Infants and Primates
    Justin Wood; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  63. PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING, AND MEMORY
    ROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..