visual pattern recognition

Summary

Summary: Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Control of goal-directed and stimulus-driven attention in the brain
    Maurizio Corbetta
    Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 3:201-15. 2002
  2. ncbi Dynamic predictions: oscillations and synchrony in top-down processing
    A K Engel
    Cellular Neurobiology Group, Institute for Medicine, Research Centre Julich, 52425 Julich, Germany
    Nat Rev Neurosci 2:704-16. 2001
  3. ncbi Distributed and overlapping representations of faces and objects in ventral temporal cortex
    J V Haxby
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Science 293:2425-30. 2001
  4. ncbi View from the top: hierarchies and reverse hierarchies in the visual system
    Shaul Hochstein
    Department of Neurobiology, Neural Computation Center, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
    Neuron 36:791-804. 2002
  5. ncbi Psychophysiological and modulatory interactions in neuroimaging
    K J Friston
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, London, United Kingdom
    Neuroimage 6:218-29. 1997
  6. ncbi Visual objects in context
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 5:617-29. 2004
  7. ncbi The representation of object concepts in the brain
    Alex Martin
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1366, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:25-45. 2007
  8. ncbi Morphing Marilyn into Maggie dissociates physical and identity face representations in the brain
    Pia Rotshtein
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London, UK
    Nat Neurosci 8:107-13. 2005
  9. ncbi Neuroimaging evidence for dissociable forms of repetition priming
    R Henson
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Science 287:1269-72. 2000
  10. ncbi Neural mechanisms for the recognition of biological movements
    Martin A Giese
    Laboratory for Action Representation and Learning, Department of Cognitive Neurology, University Clinic Tübingen, Spemannstrasse 34, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Nat Rev Neurosci 4:179-92. 2003

Research Grants

  1. PERCEPTUAL BASES OF VISUAL CONCEPTS
    EDWARD WASSERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. PERCEPTUAL BASES OF VISUAL CONCEPTS
    E Wasserman; Fiscal Year: 2002
  3. Inferotemporal Cortex and Object Vision
    CARL ROGER OLSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
  4. Inferotemporal Cortex and Object Vision
    CARL ROGER OLSON; Fiscal Year: 2011
  5. Response Selection as a Function of Age
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002
  6. Modeling the Effects of Aging on Memory
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2006
  7. Attention Disengagement Training for Social Phobia
    Nader Amir; Fiscal Year: 2007
  8. Scene Perception and visual Memory
    Andrew Hollingworth; Fiscal Year: 2002
  9. Eye Movements, Gaze Correction, and Visual Short-Term Memory
    Andrew Hollingworth; Fiscal Year: 2007
  10. Attention Training and Relaxation for GAD: Testing the Efficacy of Home-Delivery
    Nader Amir; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications302 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Control of goal-directed and stimulus-driven attention in the brain
    Maurizio Corbetta
    Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 3:201-15. 2002
    ..This ventral frontoparietal network works as a 'circuit breaker' for the dorsal system, directing attention to salient events. Both attentional systems interact during normal vision, and both are disrupted in unilateral spatial neglect...
  2. ncbi Dynamic predictions: oscillations and synchrony in top-down processing
    A K Engel
    Cellular Neurobiology Group, Institute for Medicine, Research Centre Julich, 52425 Julich, Germany
    Nat Rev Neurosci 2:704-16. 2001
    ....
  3. ncbi Distributed and overlapping representations of faces and objects in ventral temporal cortex
    J V Haxby
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Science 293:2425-30. 2001
    ..These results indicate that the representations of faces and objects in ventral temporal cortex are widely distributed and overlapping...
  4. ncbi View from the top: hierarchies and reverse hierarchies in the visual system
    Shaul Hochstein
    Department of Neurobiology, Neural Computation Center, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
    Neuron 36:791-804. 2002
    ..Search for conjunctions or fine discriminations depends on reentry to low-level specific receptive fields using serial focused attention, consistent with recently reported primary visual cortex effects...
  5. ncbi Psychophysiological and modulatory interactions in neuroimaging
    K J Friston
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, London, United Kingdom
    Neuroimage 6:218-29. 1997
    ..We focus on interactions among extrastriate, inferotemporal, and posterior parietal regions during visual processing, under different attentional and perceptual conditions...
  6. ncbi Visual objects in context
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 5:617-29. 2004
  7. ncbi The representation of object concepts in the brain
    Alex Martin
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1366, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:25-45. 2007
    ..However, some property-based regions seem to show a categorical organization, thus providing evidence consistent with category-based, domain-specific formulations as well...
  8. ncbi Morphing Marilyn into Maggie dissociates physical and identity face representations in the brain
    Pia Rotshtein
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London, UK
    Nat Neurosci 8:107-13. 2005
    ..These findings provide neurobiological support for a hierarchical model of face perception...
  9. ncbi Neuroimaging evidence for dissociable forms of repetition priming
    R Henson
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Science 287:1269-72. 2000
    ..Priming-related responses are therefore not unitary but depend on the presence or absence of preexisting stimulus representations...
  10. ncbi Neural mechanisms for the recognition of biological movements
    Martin A Giese
    Laboratory for Action Representation and Learning, Department of Cognitive Neurology, University Clinic Tübingen, Spemannstrasse 34, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Nat Rev Neurosci 4:179-92. 2003
    ..We review the main experimental findings and discuss possible neural mechanisms, and show that a learning-based, feedforward model provides a neurophysiologically plausible and consistent summary of many key experimental results...
  11. ncbi Transmitting and decoding facial expressions
    Marie L Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, 58 Hillhead Street, Glasgow, Scotland G12 0DX, United Kingdom
    Psychol Sci 16:184-9. 2005
    ..In this article, we characterize the information underlying the recognition of the six basic facial expression signals and evaluate how efficiently each expression is decoded by the underlying brain structures...
  12. ncbi The role of working memory in visual selective attention
    J W de Fockert
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Science 291:1803-6. 2001
    ..These findings confirm a major role for working memory in the control of visual selective attention...
  13. ncbi Binocular rivalry and visual awareness in human extrastriate cortex
    F Tong
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Neuron 21:753-9. 1998
    ....
  14. ncbi Ultra-rapid object detection with saccadic eye movements: visual processing speed revisited
    Holle Kirchner
    Centre de Recherche Cerveau et Cognition UMR 5549, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier Toulouse 3, Faculte de Medecine de Rangueil, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9, France
    Vision Res 46:1762-76. 2006
    ..The results suggest a very fast and unexpected route linking visual processing in the ventral stream with the programming of saccadic eye movements...
  15. ncbi The neural basis of visual body perception
    Marius V Peelen
    Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology, Brigantia Building, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd, LL57 2AS, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 8:636-48. 2007
    ....
  16. ncbi Adaptive norm-based coding of facial identity
    Gillian Rhodes
    School of Psychology, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
    Vision Res 46:2977-87. 2006
    ..Component identities were also harder to detect in morphs of opposite than non-opposite face pairs. We propose an adaptive norm-based coding model of face identity...
  17. ncbi Face perception is mediated by a distributed cortical network
    Alumit Ishai
    Institute of Neuroradiology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Brain Res Bull 67:87-93. 2005
    ..These results indicate that a mere percept of a face is sufficient to localize activation within the distributed cortical network that mediates the visual analysis of facial identity and expression...
  18. ncbi A network of occipito-temporal face-sensitive areas besides the right middle fusiform gyrus is necessary for normal face processing
    Bruno Rossion
    Unité de Neurosciences Cognitives et Laboratoire de Neurophysiologie, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
    Brain 126:2381-95. 2003
    ..In agreement with the current literature on the anatomical basis of prosopagnosia, it is suggested that the FFA and OFA in the right hemisphere and their re-entrant integration are necessary for normal face processing...
  19. ncbi Understanding the recognition of facial identity and facial expression
    Andrew J Calder
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:641-51. 2005
    ..Alongside this two-pathway framework, other possible models of facial identity and expression recognition, including one that has emerged from principal component analysis techniques, should be considered...
  20. ncbi Brain states: top-down influences in sensory processing
    Charles D Gilbert
    The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Neuron 54:677-96. 2007
    ..Disruption of this interaction may lead to behavioral disorders, including schizophrenia...
  21. ncbi Can generic expertise explain special processing for faces?
    Elinor McKone
    School of Psychology, Australian National University, ACT 0200, Australia
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:8-15. 2007
    ..We conclude that the crucial social function of face recognition does not reflect merely a general practice phenomenon and that it might be supported by evolved mechanisms (visual or nonvisual) and/or a sensitive period in infancy...
  22. ncbi Integration of diverse information in working memory within the frontal lobe
    V Prabhakaran
    Program in Neurosciences, Jordan Hall, Bldg 420, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Nat Neurosci 3:85-90. 2000
    ..The role of prefrontal cortex in integrating multiple forms of information in working memory may underlie its unique contribution to high-level cognition that demands flexible mental representations...
  23. ncbi Invariant visual representation by single neurons in the human brain
    R Quian Quiroga
    Computation and Neural Systems, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Nature 435:1102-7. 2005
    ..These results suggest an invariant, sparse and explicit code, which might be important in the transformation of complex visual percepts into long-term and more abstract memories...
  24. ncbi Temporal characterization of the neural correlates of perceptual decision making in the human brain
    Marios G Philiastides
    Laboratory for Intelligent Imaging and Neural Computing, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Cereb Cortex 16:509-18. 2006
    ..These findings demonstrate a temporal evolution of component activity indicative of an evidence accumulation process which begins after early visual perception and has a processing time that depends on the strength of the evidence...
  25. ncbi A cortical area selective for visual processing of the human body
    P E Downing
    School of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Wales, Bangor LL57 2AS, UK
    Science 293:2470-3. 2001
    ..This region was found in the lateral occipitotemporal cortex in all subjects tested and apparently reflects a specialized neural system for the visual perception of the human body...
  26. ncbi Visual imagery of famous faces: effects of memory and attention revealed by fMRI
    Alumit Ishai
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, NIMH, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1366, USA
    Neuroimage 17:1729-41. 2002
    ..g., eyes, lips, or nose) resulted in increased activation in the right IPS and right IFG. Our results suggest differential effects of memory and attention during the generation and maintenance of mental images of faces...
  27. pmc Deficits in facial affect recognition among antisocial populations: a meta-analysis
    Abigail A Marsh
    National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 32:454-65. 2008
    ..This impairment cannot be attributed solely to task difficulty. These results suggest dysfunction among antisocial individuals in specified neural substrates, namely the amygdala, involved in processing fearful facial affect...
  28. pmc Mechanisms of face perception
    Doris Y Tsao
    Centers for Advanced Imaging and Cognitive Sciences, Bremen University, D 28334 Bremen, Germany
    Annu Rev Neurosci 31:411-37. 2008
    ..We clarify this idea in concrete algorithmic terms and show how it can explain a variety of phenomena associated with face processing...
  29. ncbi Enhanced extrastriate visual response to bandpass spatial frequency filtered fearful faces: time course and topographic evoked-potentials mapping
    Gilles Pourtois
    Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Clinic of Neurology, University of Geneva, Switzerland
    Hum Brain Mapp 26:65-79. 2005
    ....
  30. ncbi Natural image statistics and neural representation
    E P Simoncelli
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Center for Neural Science, and Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, NY 10003 USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 24:1193-216. 2001
    ....
  31. ncbi fMRI evidence for the neural representation of faces
    Gunter Loffler
    Department of Vision Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow G4 0BA, Scotland, UK
    Nat Neurosci 8:1386-90. 2005
    ..Furthermore, adaptation of the fMRI signal showed that the same neural population responds to faces falling along single identity axes within this space...
  32. pmc Load induced blindness
    James S P Macdonald
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London, England
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 34:1078-91. 2008
    ....
  33. ncbi Distinct spatial frequency sensitivities for processing faces and emotional expressions
    Patrik Vuilleumier
    Laboratory for Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Geneva Medical Center, 1 Michel Servet, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
    Nat Neurosci 6:624-31. 2003
    ..An activation of pulvinar and superior colliculus by fearful expressions occurred specifically with low-frequency faces, suggesting that these subcortical pathways may provide coarse fear-related inputs to the amygdala...
  34. ncbi The effect of task relevance on the cortical response to changes in visual and auditory stimuli: an event-related fMRI study
    J Downar
    Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Neuroimage 14:1256-67. 2001
    ..The TPJ may serve to identify salient events in the sensory environment both within and independent of the current behavioral context...
  35. ncbi Electrophysiological and haemodynamic correlates of face perception, recognition and priming
    R N Henson
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Cereb Cortex 13:793-805. 2003
    ..These data support a multi-component model of face-processing, with priming arising from more than one stage...
  36. ncbi Novelty responses and differential effects of order in the amygdala, substantia innominata, and inferior temporal cortex
    Christopher I Wright
    Psychiatric Neuroimaging Research Group, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 13th St, Bldg 149, CNY 9, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Neuroimage 18:660-9. 2003
    ....
  37. ncbi Hemispheric asymmetries for whole-based and part-based face processing in the human fusiform gyrus
    B Rossion
    Universite Catholique de Louvain, Unité de Neuropsychologie Cognitive, Louvain la Neuve
    J Cogn Neurosci 12:793-802. 2000
    ..This double dissociation between two modes of face processing brings new evidence regarding the lateralized localization of face individualization mechanisms in the human brain...
  38. ncbi The cortical motor system
    G Rizzolatti
    Istituto di Fisiologia Umana, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, I43100 Parma, Italy
    Neuron 31:889-901. 2001
    ..We submit that generating internal representations of actions is central to cortical motor function. External contingencies and motivational factors determine then whether these action representations are transformed into actual actions...
  39. pmc Neural repetition suppression reflects fulfilled perceptual expectations
    Christopher Summerfield
    INSERM U742, Université Pierre et Marie Currie, 9 Quai St Bernard, 75005 Paris, France
    Nat Neurosci 11:1004-6. 2008
    ..Our data suggest that repetition suppression reflects a relative reduction in top-down perceptual 'prediction error' when processing an expected, compared with an unexpected, stimulus...
  40. ncbi The neural basis of the behavioral face-inversion effect
    Galit Yovel
    McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Curr Biol 15:2256-62. 2005
    ..Taken together, our data suggest that among the face-selective and object-selective regions, the FFA is a primary neural source of the behavioral FIE...
  41. ncbi The Enigmatic temporal pole: a review of findings on social and emotional processing
    Ingrid R Olson
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Room B51, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6196, USA
    Brain 130:1718-31. 2007
    ..Because perceptual inputs remain segregated into dorsal (auditory), medial (olfactory) and ventral (visual) streams, the integration of emotion with perception is channel specific...
  42. pmc Parametric study of EEG sensitivity to phase noise during face processing
    Guillaume A Rousselet
    Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging CCNi and Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    BMC Neurosci 9:98. 2008
    ..Single-trial ERP data from each subject were analysed using a multiple linear regression model...
  43. doi Sensory memory for ambiguous vision
    Joel Pearson
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Ave S Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:334-41. 2008
    ..This memory shares important characteristics with priming by non-ambiguous stimuli. Computational models now provide a framework to interpret many empirical observations...
  44. ncbi Figure-ground segregation requires two distinct periods of activity in V1: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study
    Klaartje Heinen
    Anatomy Department, Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1E6BT, UK
    Neuroreport 16:1483-7. 2005
    ....
  45. ncbi The posterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex mediate the anticipatory allocation of spatial attention
    D M Small
    Northwestern University Brain Mapping Group and Cognitive Neurology and Alzheimer s Disease Center, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Neuroimage 18:633-41. 2003
    ..An inverse relationship to cue benefit was seen in the parietal cortex, suggesting that spatial expectancy may entail the inhibition of attention-related areas to reduce distractibility by events at irrelevant locations...
  46. ncbi On the control of visual spatial attention: evidence from human electrophysiology
    Pierre Jolicoeur
    Departement de Psychologie, Universite de Montreal, C P 6128, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada
    Psychol Res 70:414-24. 2006
    ..N2pc was reduced in amplitude when subjects reported T1, and particularly so at the short SOA. The results suggest that attention to T1 interfered with the deployment of visual spatial attention to T2...
  47. ncbi Separate processing dynamics for texture elements, boundaries and surfaces in primary visual cortex of the macaque monkey
    V A Lamme
    Graduate School of Neurosciences, Department of Visual System Analysis, AMC, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Cereb Cortex 9:406-13. 1999
    ..These data favour a model of segmentation where boundary formation initiates surface filling-in...
  48. doi Patches with links: a unified system for processing faces in the macaque temporal lobe
    Sebastian Moeller
    Institute for Brain Research and Center for Advanced Imaging, University of Bremen, Post Office Box 330440, D 28334 Bremen, Germany
    Science 320:1355-9. 2008
    ..Stimulation outside the face patches produced an activation pattern that spared the face patches. These results suggest that the face patches form a strongly and specifically interconnected hierarchical network...
  49. doi Neuronal substrates of haptic shape encoding and matching: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study
    A Miquée
    Laboratoire de Neurobiologie Intégrative et Adaptative UMR 6149, Aix Marseille Université Université de Provence CNRS, Centre St Charles, Pole 3C, Case B, 3, Place Victor Hugo, 13331 Marseille 03, France
    Neuroscience 152:29-39. 2008
    ..In addition, new activations emerged (right dorsolateral pre-frontal cortex, bilateral inferior parietal lobe, right SII) suggesting their specific involvement during 2D geometrical shape matching...
  50. ncbi Surround modulation measured with functional MRI in the human visual cortex
    Adrian L Williams
    Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham TW20 0EX, United Kingdom
    J Neurophysiol 89:525-33. 2003
    ..With eccentric stimulus presentation, suppression was reduced and facilitation became more common. The findings provide a direct demonstration of the existence of powerful and stimulus-specific surround effects in human visual cortex...
  51. ncbi Time course of processes and representations supporting visual object identification and memory
    Haline E Schendan
    Tufts University
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:111-35. 2003
    ....
  52. ncbi Feature detection and letter identification
    Denis G Pelli
    Institute for Sensory Research, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York, NY 13210, USA
    Vision Res 46:4646-74. 2006
    ..This, and the surprisingly fixed ratio of detection and identification thresholds, indicate that identifying a letter is mediated by detection of about 7 visual features...
  53. pmc The correlates of subjective perception of identity and expression in the face network: an fMRI adaptation study
    Christopher J Fox
    Graduate Program in Neuroscience, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Neuroimage 44:569-80. 2009
    ....
  54. ncbi The fusiform "face area" is part of a network that processes faces at the individual level
    I Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 12:495-504. 2000
    ....
  55. ncbi Anteromedial temporal cortex supports fine-grained differentiation among objects
    H E Moss
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EB, UK
    Cereb Cortex 15:616-27. 2005
    ....
  56. doi Patches of face-selective cortex in the macaque frontal lobe
    Doris Y Tsao
    Institute for Brain Research and Center for Advanced Imaging, University of Bremen, P O B 330440, D 28334 Bremen, FR Germany
    Nat Neurosci 11:877-9. 2008
    ..These prefrontal face patches may constitute dedicated modules for retrieving and responding to facial information...
  57. ncbi Eye movements and the control of actions in everyday life
    Michael F Land
    Department of Biology and Environmental Science, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QG, UK
    Prog Retin Eye Res 25:296-324. 2006
    ..During the learning of a new activity, the eyes first provide feedback on the motor performance, but as this is perfected they provide feed-forward direction, seeking out the next object to be acted upon...
  58. ncbi Facial-expression and gaze-selective responses in the monkey amygdala
    Kari L Hoffman
    Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Curr Biol 17:766-72. 2007
    ..Independent behavioral measures confirmed that faces with averted gaze were more arousing, suggesting the activity in the central nucleus may be related to attention and arousal...
  59. ncbi Mixed blocked/event-related designs separate transient and sustained activity in fMRI
    Kristina M Visscher
    Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Neuroimage 19:1694-708. 2003
    ..Mixed designs can allow researchers a means to examine brain activity associated with sustained processes, potentially related to task-level control signals...
  60. ncbi Disgust and happiness recognition correlate with anteroventral insula and amygdala volume respectively in preclinical Huntington's disease
    C M Kipps
    Westmead Hospital, Westmead, NSW, Australia
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:1206-17. 2007
    ..The findings also highlight the role of neurodegenerative diseases combined with statistical imaging techniques in elucidating the brain basis of behavior and cognition...
  61. ncbi Visual recognition: as soon as you know it is there, you know what it is
    Kalanit Grill-Spector
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:152-60. 2005
    ..These findings place powerful constraints on theories of object recognition...
  62. ncbi The Cambridge Face Memory Test: results for neurologically intact individuals and an investigation of its validity using inverted face stimuli and prosopagnosic participants
    Brad Duchaine
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Neuropsychologia 44:576-85. 2006
    ..In contrast, the Warrington test and the Benton test failed to classify a majority of the prosopagnosics as impaired. These results indicate that the new test effectively assesses face recognition across a wide range of abilities...
  63. ncbi Duration-dependent FMRI adaptation and distributed viewer-centered face representation in human visual cortex
    Fang Fang
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, 75 East River Parkway, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:1402-11. 2007
    ..Our findings suggest that long- and short-term fMRI adaptations may reflect selective properties of different neuronal mechanisms...
  64. ncbi Columns for complex visual object features in the inferotemporal cortex: clustering of cells with similar but slightly different stimulus selectivities
    Keiji Tanaka
    RIKEN Brain Research Institute, Wako Shi, Saitama 351 0198, Japan
    Cereb Cortex 13:90-9. 2003
    ..The two modes may work in parallel, with a graded balance changing according to the behavioral context. Determining whether or not these hypotheses are valid will require further studies...
  65. ncbi Functional MRI studies of spatial and nonspatial working memory
    M D'ESPOSITO
    Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 7:1-13. 1998
    ..4 (1994) 207-211], a reconsideration of the previous imaging literature data suggested that a dorsal/ventral subdivision of prefrontal cortex may depend upon the type of processing performed upon the information held in working memory...
  66. ncbi Event-related brain potentials distinguish processing stages involved in face perception and recognition
    M Eimer
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, UK
    Clin Neurophysiol 111:694-705. 2000
    ..An event-related brain potential (ERP) study investigated how different processing stages involved in face identification are reflected by ERP modulations, and how stimulus repetitions and attentional set influence such effects...
  67. ncbi Short-window spectral analysis of cortical event-related potentials by adaptive multivariate autoregressive modeling: data preprocessing, model validation, and variability assessment
    M Ding
    Center for Complex Systems and Brain Sciences, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton 33431, USA
    Biol Cybern 83:35-45. 2000
    ..Finally, we apply AMVAR spectral analysis to a visuomotor integration task, revealing rapidly changing cortical dynamics during different stages of task processing...
  68. ncbi Prototype-referenced shape encoding revealed by high-level aftereffects
    D A Leopold
    , , Germany
    Nat Neurosci 4:89-94. 2001
    ..The results suggest that the encoding of faces and other complex patterns draws upon contrastive neural mechanisms that reference the central tendency of the stimulus category...
  69. ncbi Impact of learning on representation of parts and wholes in monkey inferotemporal cortex
    Chris I Baker
    Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, 115 Mellon Institute, 4400 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Nat Neurosci 5:1210-6. 2002
    ..These results indicate a possible neural mechanism for holistic or configural effects in expert versus novice observers...
  70. ncbi A theory of visual interpolation in object perception
    P J Kellman
    Department of Psychology, Swarthmore College, PA 19081
    Cogn Psychol 23:141-221. 1991
    ..Finally, we elaborate our approach by discussing related issues, some new phenomena, connections to other approaches, and issues for future research...
  71. pmc An anterior temporal face patch in human cortex, predicted by macaque maps
    Reza Rajimehr
    NMR Martinos Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:1995-2000. 2009
    ..This fMRI evidence suggests that such a face-selective area exists in human anterior inferotemporal cortex, comprising the apparent homologue of the fMRI-defined ATFP in macaques...
  72. pmc Positional averaging explains crowding with letter-like stimuli
    John A Greenwood
    UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, 11 43 Bath Street, London EC1V 9EL, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:13130-5. 2009
    ..Together, our results suggest that crowding is a preattentive process that uses averaging to regularize the noisy representation of position in the periphery...
  73. ncbi Facial emotion processing in criminal psychopathy. Preliminary functional magnetic resonance imaging study
    Quinton Deeley
    Section of Brain Maturation, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 189:533-9. 2006
    ..It has been suggested that people with psychopathic disorders lack empathy because they have deficits in processing distress cues (e.g. fearful facial expressions)...
  74. pmc Crossmodal binding of fear in voice and face
    R J Dolan
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:10006-10. 2001
    ....
  75. ncbi Viewpoint dependence in adaptation to facial identity
    Christopher P Benton
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 8 Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1TN, UK
    Vision Res 46:3313-25. 2006
    ..Our findings support models in which identity is encoded, to a large degree, by viewpoint dependent non-retinotopic neural mechanisms. Functional imaging studies suggest the fusiform gyrus as the most likely location for this mechanism...
  76. ncbi Restricted ocular exploration does not seem to explain simultanagnosia
    Simon Clavagnier
    Section Neuropsychology, Center of Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tubingen, Hoppe Seyler Str 3, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 44:2330-6. 2006
    ..Our data rather suggest a role of parietal cortex in visual gestalt perception that is beyond its role of directing attention towards relevant objects...
  77. ncbi Expertise for cars and birds recruits brain areas involved in face recognition
    I Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Wilson Hall, Nashville, Tennessee 37240, USA
    Nat Neurosci 3:191-7. 2000
    ..The results suggest that level of categorization and expertise, rather than superficial properties of objects, determine the specialization of the FFA...
  78. pmc Gain modulation in the central nervous system: where behavior, neurophysiology, and computation meet
    E Salinas
    Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Neuroscientist 7:430-40. 2001
    ..This article describes the relationships between computational models, the physiological properties of a variety of gain-modulated neurons, and some of the behavioral consequences of damage to gain-modulated neural representations...
  79. ncbi Robust object recognition with cortex-like mechanisms
    Thomas Serre
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Center for Biological and Computational Learning, McGovern Institute for Brain Research and Brain and Cognitive Sciences Department, MA 02139, USA
    IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 29:411-26. 2007
    ..In addition to its relevance for computer vision, the success of this approach suggests a plausibility proof for a class of feedforward models of object recognition in cortex...
  80. ncbi Interactions between visual working memory and selective attention
    P E Downing
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
    Psychol Sci 11:467-73. 2000
    ..These results confirm a specific prediction about the influence of working memory contents on the guidance of attention...
  81. ncbi Can face recognition really be dissociated from object recognition?
    I Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, P O Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 11:349-70. 1999
    ..This result raises questions regarding neuropsychological evidence for the modularity of face recognition, as well as its theoretical and methodological foundations...
  82. ncbi The contribution of covert attention to the set-size and eccentricity effects in visual search
    M Carrasco
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York 10003 6634, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 24:673-92. 1998
    ..The conjunction set-size effect was reduced but not eliminated. This questions serial-search models that attribute a major role to covert attention in visual search...
  83. ncbi Pixel independence: measuring spatial interactions on a CRT display
    D G Pelli
    Department of Psychology, New York University, NY 10003, USA
    Spat Vis 10:443-6. 1997
    ..Unfortunately most monitors have inadequate video bandwidth, DC restoration, and high-voltage regulation to live up to this ideal model. Two tests are recommended for assessing a CRT's deviation from the pixel-independence model...
  84. ncbi Controlling for interstimulus perceptual variance abolishes N170 face selectivity
    Guillaume Thierry
    School of Psychology, Brigantia Building, Penrallt Road, University of Wales, Bangor, LL57 2AS, UK
    Nat Neurosci 10:505-11. 2007
    ..These results demonstrate early ERP category effects in the visual domain, call into question the face selectivity of the N170 and establish ISPV as a critical factor to control in experiments relying on multitrial averaging...
  85. ncbi Dissociable effects of arousal and valence on prefrontal activity indexing emotional evaluation and subsequent memory: an event-related fMRI study
    Florin Dolcos
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0999, USA
    Neuroimage 23:64-74. 2004
    ..These results underscore the critical role of PFC in emotional evaluation and memory, and disentangle the effects of arousal and valence across PFC regions associated with different cognitive functions...
  86. ncbi How does the brain process upright and inverted faces?
    Bruno Rossion
    Brown University, USA
    Behav Cogn Neurosci Rev 1:63-75. 2002
    ..These modulations are in agreement with the perceptual locus of the FIE and reinforce the view that the FFA and N170 are sensitive to individual face discrimination...
  87. ncbi Inferior temporal neurons show greater sensitivity to nonaccidental than to metric shape differences
    R Vogels
    KU Leuven, Belgium
    J Cogn Neurosci 13:444-53. 2001
    ..The present results thus demonstrate that a significant portion of the neural code of IT cells represents differences in NAPs rather than MPs. This code may enable immediate recognition of novel objects at new views...
  88. ncbi A neural representation of categorization uncertainty in the human brain
    Jack Grinband
    Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Neuron 49:757-63. 2006
    ..We found this network to be distinct from the frontoparietal attention network, consisting of the frontal and parietal eye fields, where activity was not correlated with categorization uncertainty...
  89. ncbi Multiple levels of visual object constancy revealed by event-related fMRI of repetition priming
    P Vuilleumier
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, Alexandra House, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Nat Neurosci 5:491-9. 2002
    ..These data show that dissociable subsystems in ventral visual cortex maintain distinct view-dependent and view-invariant object representations...
  90. ncbi Auditory-visual integration during multimodal object recognition in humans: a behavioral and electrophysiological study
    M H Giard
    INSERM U280, 151, cours Albert Thomas, F 69424 Lyon Cedex 03, France
    J Cogn Neurosci 11:473-90. 1999
    ....
  91. ncbi Effects of face inversion on the structural encoding and recognition of faces. Evidence from event-related brain potentials
    M Eimer
    Department of Psychology, Birkbeck College, University of London, WC1E 7HX, London, UK
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 10:145-58. 2000
    ..These results demonstrate that ERPs can be used as electrophysiological markers of specialised brain processes underlying the structural encoding and subsequent recognition of faces...
  92. doi Confidence intervals in repeated-measures designs: The number of observations principle
    Jerzy Jarmasz
    Defence Research and Development Canada Toronto
    Can J Exp Psychol 63:124-38. 2009
    ..The authors illustrate these procedures with numerical examples...
  93. doi Using spatial frequency scales for processing face features and face configuration: an ERP analysis
    Anastasia V Flevaris
    Department of Psychology University of California at Berkeley, CA, USA
    Brain Res 1194:100-9. 2008
    ..Moreover, they indicate that different configural manipulations (isolated features vs. face inversion) affect face detection in distinct ways, consistent with separate processing mechanisms for different types of configural encoding...
  94. ncbi Detailed exploration of face-related processing in congenital prosopagnosia: 1. Behavioral findings
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:1130-49. 2005
    ..These findings elucidate the psychological mechanisms underlying CP and support the link between configural and face processing...
  95. ncbi Object detection and basic-level categorization: sometimes you know it is there before you know what it is
    Michael L Mack
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 15:28-35. 2008
    ..The time course of object detection and object categorization can be selectively manipulated. They are not intrinsically linked. As soon as you know an object is there, you do not necessarily know what it is...
  96. pmc Late maturation of visual spatial integration in humans
    I Kovacs
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Busch Campus Psychology Building, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:12204-9. 1999
    ..We interpret our findings in terms of a protracted development of ventral visual-stream function in humans...
  97. pmc Honeybee odometry: performance in varying natural terrain
    Juergen Tautz
    Beegroup Würzburg, Lehrstuhl für Verhaltensphysiologie und Soziobiologie, Wurzburg, Germany
    PLoS Biol 2:E211. 2004
    ..The bee's perception of distance flown is therefore not absolute, but scene-dependent. These findings raise important and interesting questions about how these animals navigate reliably...
  98. pmc Representation of attended versus remembered locations in prefrontal cortex
    Mikhail A Lebedev
    Laboratory of Systems Neuroscience, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    PLoS Biol 2:e365. 2004
    ..Instead, PF's delay-period activity probably contributes more to the process of attentional selection...
  99. ncbi Honeybee navigation: properties of the visually driven 'odometer'
    Aung Si
    Centre for Visual Science, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, PO Box 475, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    J Exp Biol 206:1265-73. 2003
    ..Thus, distance flown is measured by a visually driven odometer that is surprisingly robust to variations in the texture or sparseness of the visual environment through which the bee flies...
  100. ncbi DRC: a dual route cascaded model of visual word recognition and reading aloud
    M Coltheart
    Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    Psychol Rev 108:204-56. 2001
    ..The authors conclude that the DRC model is the most successful of the existing computational models of reading...
  101. ncbi Face adaptation depends on seeing the face
    Farshad Moradi
    Computation and Neural Systems, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Neuron 45:169-75. 2005
    ..Thus, cross-modal or cognitive interference that does not affect the visibility of the face does not interfere with the face aftereffect. We conclude that adaptation to face identity depends on seeing the face...

Research Grants154 found, 100 shown here

  1. PERCEPTUAL BASES OF VISUAL CONCEPTS
    EDWARD WASSERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..cognitive and computer scientists might more successfully design intelligent systems that are capable of visual pattern recognition. The results could also promote the behavioral analysis of discrimination and generalization processes ..
  2. PERCEPTUAL BASES OF VISUAL CONCEPTS
    E Wasserman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..cognitive and computer scientists might more successfully design intelligent systems that are capable of visual pattern recognition. The results could also promote the behavioral analysis of discrimination and generalization processes ..
  3. Inferotemporal Cortex and Object Vision
    CARL ROGER OLSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..pattern selectivity in IT - and hence to cast light on the nature of the neural machinery that underlies visual pattern recognition - is the aim of experiments described in this proposal. Three series of experiments will be carried out...
  4. Inferotemporal Cortex and Object Vision
    CARL ROGER OLSON; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..pattern selectivity in IT - and hence to cast light on the nature of the neural machinery that underlies visual pattern recognition - is the aim of experiments described in this proposal. Three series of experiments will be carried out...
  5. Response Selection as a Function of Age
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These guidelines will lead to development of products and environments that allow elderly adults to remain more independent and to engage safely in more activities in their daily lives. ..
  6. Modeling the Effects of Aging on Memory
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, the studies will demonstrate that perceptual processing abilities must be considered and either controlled for or manipulated in cognitive aging research. ..
  7. Attention Disengagement Training for Social Phobia
    Nader Amir; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..2) Individuals with GSP completing ADT will show a larger reduction in their self-report of social anxiety symptoms compared to the placebo group. ..
  8. Scene Perception and visual Memory
    Andrew Hollingworth; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Eye Movements, Gaze Correction, and Visual Short-Term Memory
    Andrew Hollingworth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Thus, the proposed research will provide essential information for understanding conditions that involve deficits in the control of gaze. ..
  10. Attention Training and Relaxation for GAD: Testing the Efficacy of Home-Delivery
    Nader Amir; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..e., attention training and applied relaxation). ..
  11. Eye Movements, Gaze Correction, and Visual Short-Term Memory
    ANDREW R HOLLINGWORTH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus, the proposed research will provide essential information for understanding conditions that involve deficits in the control of gaze. ..
  12. Interpretation Modification Program for Social Phobia
    Nader Amir; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..2000) and 40% of individuals who present for treatment do not respond (39%, Heimberg, et al., 1998; 42%, Liebowitz et al., 2005). The goal of this project is develop and test a new computerized treatment for social phobia. ..
  13. Neural Mechanisms of Visual Crowding
    Brad C Motter; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Understanding of the basic neural mechanism can lead to enhanced clinical approaches, suggest alternate rehabilitative methods, and provide for better, more precise evaluations of visual health. ..
  14. Limiting Factors on Spatial Vision in Central Vision Loss
    SUSANA T CHUNG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The long-term goals of this project are to understand how the "new fovea" develops, and to understand the limiting factors and the potential for improving vision for people with macular disorders. ..
  15. Emotion and Memory
    Chad Marsolek; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It also should help to provide new ways to conceptualize debilitating memories in post-traumatic stress disorder (and some phobias) and to suggest new treatments for such afflictions. ..
  16. A new approach to restoring visual acuity and stereopsis in adults and children w
    DENNIS MICHAEL LEVI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The relevance of this project is in developing new, effective interventions for restoring visual acuity and stereopsis in adults and children with amblyopia. ..
  17. TRANSMISSION OF INFORMATION IN THE VISUAL SYSTEM
    Denis G Pelli; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus techniques from cognition, perception, statistical learning theory, and physiology together will reveal what is computed where, in the brain, when an observer identifies an object. ..
  18. READING IN PERIPHERAL VISION
    SUSANA CHUNG; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will also evaluate if letter feature integration is impaired in a group of observers with AMD. ..
  19. LIMITING FACTORS IN NORMAL AND AMBLYOPIC SPATIAL VISION
    Dennis Levi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  20. TRANSMISSION OF INFORMATION IN THE VISUAL SYSTEM
    DENIS PELLI; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Thus techniques from cognition, perception, statistical learning theory, and physiology together will reveal what is computed where, in the brain, when an observer identifies an object. ..
  21. Dissecting the neural circuits for face perception in macaque inferotemporal cort
    Doris Tsao; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Faces are by far the most socially significant class of visual stimuli that we perceive, and our results may shed new light on disorders of social cognition such as autism and social anxiety disorder. ..
  22. BIOSOCIAL ACTIVATION OF SEX-LINKED COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR
    GERIANNE ALEXANDER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This information will therefore increase understanding of the relations among typical or atypical reproductive events (e.g., puberty, hormone deficiency, pregnancy) and cognition. ..
  23. TRANSMISSION OF INFORMATION IN VISUAL SYSTEM
    DENIS PELLI; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  24. READING IN PERIPHERAL VISION
    SUSANA CHUNG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will also evaluate if letter feature integration is impaired in a group of observers with AMD. ..
  25. PERCEPTUAL REPRESENTATION OF 3D SURFACES
    James Todd; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  26. INTERMODAL TEMPORAL INFORMATION PROCESSING IN INFANTS
    DAVID LEWKOWICZ; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. Non-directional visual motion units for speed estimation
    JONATHAN DYHR; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These simulations will then be used to make testable hypotheses and direct our collaboration with electrophysiologists and anatomists. ..
  28. Eyestrain in Radiologists
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Only by developing a better understanding of the nature of observer error, may we discover effective approaches to reducing the errors. ..
  29. Interdisciplinary Training Program in Cognitive Science
    Daniel Kersten; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..An important feature of the training program is the strong representation of faculty with interests in translational research. ..
  30. The neuroanatomical basis for the human stress response
    TONY BUCHANAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  31. MIPS XII Conference
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  32. Cognitive Processes in Smoking Cessation
    Andrew Waters; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Thus, results from this study may help us to identify individuals who are high risk for an early relapse, and facilitate the development of smoking cessation interventions. ..
  33. Eyestrain in Radiologists
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Only by developing a better understanding of the nature of observer error, may we discover effective approaches to reducing the errors. ..
  34. Adult Attachment, Stress and Relationship Well-Being
    JEFFRY SIMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..declines in personal and relational well-being in stressful situations. ..
  35. Neural processing in the ventral visual pathway during object search
    Nicole C Rust; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  36. Medical Image Perception Society Confrence XI
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..