visual pattern recognition

Summary

Summary: Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Control of goal-directed and stimulus-driven attention in the brain
    Maurizio Corbetta
    Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 3:201-15. 2002
  2. ncbi Dynamic predictions: oscillations and synchrony in top-down processing
    A K Engel
    Cellular Neurobiology Group, Institute for Medicine, Research Centre Julich, 52425 Julich, Germany
    Nat Rev Neurosci 2:704-16. 2001
  3. ncbi Distributed and overlapping representations of faces and objects in ventral temporal cortex
    J V Haxby
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Science 293:2425-30. 2001
  4. ncbi View from the top: hierarchies and reverse hierarchies in the visual system
    Shaul Hochstein
    Department of Neurobiology, Neural Computation Center, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
    Neuron 36:791-804. 2002
  5. ncbi Natural image statistics and neural representation
    E P Simoncelli
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Center for Neural Science, and Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, NY 10003 USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 24:1193-216. 2001
  6. ncbi Psychophysiological and modulatory interactions in neuroimaging
    K J Friston
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, London, United Kingdom
    Neuroimage 6:218-29. 1997
  7. ncbi A cortical area selective for visual processing of the human body
    P E Downing
    School of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Wales, Bangor LL57 2AS, UK
    Science 293:2470-3. 2001
  8. ncbi The representation of object concepts in the brain
    Alex Martin
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1366, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:25-45. 2007
  9. ncbi Neural mechanisms for the recognition of biological movements
    Martin A Giese
    Laboratory for Action Representation and Learning, Department of Cognitive Neurology, University Clinic Tübingen, Spemannstrasse 34, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Nat Rev Neurosci 4:179-92. 2003
  10. ncbi Neuroimaging evidence for dissociable forms of repetition priming
    R Henson
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Science 287:1269-72. 2000

Research Grants

  1. Towards cortical visual prosthetics
    Gabriel Kreiman; Fiscal Year: 2010
  2. Inferotemporal Cortex and Object Vision
    CARL ROGER OLSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
  3. NEURONAL MECHANISMS OF VISUAL INTEGRATION
    CHARLES GRAY; Fiscal Year: 2000
  4. Response Selection as a Function of Age
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002
  5. Understanding memory for pictures in Alzheimer's disease
    BRANDON ALLY; Fiscal Year: 2008
  6. BIOSOCIAL ACTIVATION OF SEX-LINKED COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR
    GERIANNE ALEXANDER; Fiscal Year: 2005
  7. TRANSMISSION OF INFORMATION IN THE VISUAL SYSTEM
    Denis G Pelli; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. Emotion and Memory
    Chad Marsolek; Fiscal Year: 2004
  9. Overt and Covert Selection During Reading
    ALBRECHT INHOFF; Fiscal Year: 2007
  10. Visual Processing in Schizophrenia
    Pamela Butler; Fiscal Year: 2008

Detail Information

Publications338 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Control of goal-directed and stimulus-driven attention in the brain
    Maurizio Corbetta
    Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 3:201-15. 2002
    ..This ventral frontoparietal network works as a 'circuit breaker' for the dorsal system, directing attention to salient events. Both attentional systems interact during normal vision, and both are disrupted in unilateral spatial neglect...
  2. ncbi Dynamic predictions: oscillations and synchrony in top-down processing
    A K Engel
    Cellular Neurobiology Group, Institute for Medicine, Research Centre Julich, 52425 Julich, Germany
    Nat Rev Neurosci 2:704-16. 2001
    ....
  3. ncbi Distributed and overlapping representations of faces and objects in ventral temporal cortex
    J V Haxby
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Science 293:2425-30. 2001
    ..These results indicate that the representations of faces and objects in ventral temporal cortex are widely distributed and overlapping...
  4. ncbi View from the top: hierarchies and reverse hierarchies in the visual system
    Shaul Hochstein
    Department of Neurobiology, Neural Computation Center, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
    Neuron 36:791-804. 2002
    ..Search for conjunctions or fine discriminations depends on reentry to low-level specific receptive fields using serial focused attention, consistent with recently reported primary visual cortex effects...
  5. ncbi Natural image statistics and neural representation
    E P Simoncelli
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Center for Neural Science, and Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, NY 10003 USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 24:1193-216. 2001
    ....
  6. ncbi Psychophysiological and modulatory interactions in neuroimaging
    K J Friston
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, London, United Kingdom
    Neuroimage 6:218-29. 1997
    ..We focus on interactions among extrastriate, inferotemporal, and posterior parietal regions during visual processing, under different attentional and perceptual conditions...
  7. ncbi A cortical area selective for visual processing of the human body
    P E Downing
    School of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Wales, Bangor LL57 2AS, UK
    Science 293:2470-3. 2001
    ..This region was found in the lateral occipitotemporal cortex in all subjects tested and apparently reflects a specialized neural system for the visual perception of the human body...
  8. ncbi The representation of object concepts in the brain
    Alex Martin
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1366, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:25-45. 2007
    ..However, some property-based regions seem to show a categorical organization, thus providing evidence consistent with category-based, domain-specific formulations as well...
  9. ncbi Neural mechanisms for the recognition of biological movements
    Martin A Giese
    Laboratory for Action Representation and Learning, Department of Cognitive Neurology, University Clinic Tübingen, Spemannstrasse 34, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Nat Rev Neurosci 4:179-92. 2003
    ..We review the main experimental findings and discuss possible neural mechanisms, and show that a learning-based, feedforward model provides a neurophysiologically plausible and consistent summary of many key experimental results...
  10. ncbi Neuroimaging evidence for dissociable forms of repetition priming
    R Henson
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Science 287:1269-72. 2000
    ..Priming-related responses are therefore not unitary but depend on the presence or absence of preexisting stimulus representations...
  11. ncbi The role of working memory in visual selective attention
    J W de Fockert
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Science 291:1803-6. 2001
    ..These findings confirm a major role for working memory in the control of visual selective attention...
  12. ncbi Ultra-rapid object detection with saccadic eye movements: visual processing speed revisited
    Holle Kirchner
    Centre de Recherche Cerveau et Cognition UMR 5549, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier Toulouse 3, Faculte de Medecine de Rangueil, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9, France
    Vision Res 46:1762-76. 2006
    ..The results suggest a very fast and unexpected route linking visual processing in the ventral stream with the programming of saccadic eye movements...
  13. ncbi Binocular rivalry and visual awareness in human extrastriate cortex
    F Tong
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Neuron 21:753-9. 1998
    ....
  14. ncbi Visual objects in context
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 5:617-29. 2004
  15. ncbi Associative memory and the medial temporal lobes
    Andrew Mayes
    School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:126-35. 2007
    ..Using this framework, we consider psychological, lesion and functional imaging evidence, highlighting how informational convergence in the brain underlies the associative nature of both memory and perception...
  16. ncbi The neural basis of visual body perception
    Marius V Peelen
    Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology, Brigantia Building, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd, LL57 2AS, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 8:636-48. 2007
    ....
  17. ncbi Morphing Marilyn into Maggie dissociates physical and identity face representations in the brain
    Pia Rotshtein
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London, UK
    Nat Neurosci 8:107-13. 2005
    ..These findings provide neurobiological support for a hierarchical model of face perception...
  18. ncbi Invariant visual representation by single neurons in the human brain
    R Quian Quiroga
    Computation and Neural Systems, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Nature 435:1102-7. 2005
    ..These results suggest an invariant, sparse and explicit code, which might be important in the transformation of complex visual percepts into long-term and more abstract memories...
  19. ncbi Transmitting and decoding facial expressions
    Marie L Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, 58 Hillhead Street, Glasgow, Scotland G12 0DX, United Kingdom
    Psychol Sci 16:184-9. 2005
    ..In this article, we characterize the information underlying the recognition of the six basic facial expression signals and evaluate how efficiently each expression is decoded by the underlying brain structures...
  20. pmc Deficits in facial affect recognition among antisocial populations: a meta-analysis
    Abigail A Marsh
    National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 32:454-65. 2008
    ..This impairment cannot be attributed solely to task difficulty. These results suggest dysfunction among antisocial individuals in specified neural substrates, namely the amygdala, involved in processing fearful facial affect...
  21. ncbi A network of occipito-temporal face-sensitive areas besides the right middle fusiform gyrus is necessary for normal face processing
    Bruno Rossion
    Unité de Neurosciences Cognitives et Laboratoire de Neurophysiologie, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
    Brain 126:2381-95. 2003
    ..In agreement with the current literature on the anatomical basis of prosopagnosia, it is suggested that the FFA and OFA in the right hemisphere and their re-entrant integration are necessary for normal face processing...
  22. ncbi Adaptive norm-based coding of facial identity
    Gillian Rhodes
    School of Psychology, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
    Vision Res 46:2977-87. 2006
    ..Component identities were also harder to detect in morphs of opposite than non-opposite face pairs. We propose an adaptive norm-based coding model of face identity...
  23. ncbi Face perception is mediated by a distributed cortical network
    Alumit Ishai
    Institute of Neuroradiology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Brain Res Bull 67:87-93. 2005
    ..These results indicate that a mere percept of a face is sufficient to localize activation within the distributed cortical network that mediates the visual analysis of facial identity and expression...
  24. ncbi Integration of diverse information in working memory within the frontal lobe
    V Prabhakaran
    Program in Neurosciences, Jordan Hall, Bldg 420, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Nat Neurosci 3:85-90. 2000
    ..The role of prefrontal cortex in integrating multiple forms of information in working memory may underlie its unique contribution to high-level cognition that demands flexible mental representations...
  25. ncbi Understanding the recognition of facial identity and facial expression
    Andrew J Calder
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:641-51. 2005
    ..Alongside this two-pathway framework, other possible models of facial identity and expression recognition, including one that has emerged from principal component analysis techniques, should be considered...
  26. ncbi Event-related brain potentials distinguish processing stages involved in face perception and recognition
    M Eimer
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, UK
    Clin Neurophysiol 111:694-705. 2000
    ..An event-related brain potential (ERP) study investigated how different processing stages involved in face identification are reflected by ERP modulations, and how stimulus repetitions and attentional set influence such effects...
  27. ncbi Brain states: top-down influences in sensory processing
    Charles D Gilbert
    The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Neuron 54:677-96. 2007
    ..Disruption of this interaction may lead to behavioral disorders, including schizophrenia...
  28. ncbi Detection of audio-visual integration sites in humans by application of electrophysiological criteria to the BOLD effect
    G A Calvert
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain (FMRIB, Oxford, OX3 1DU, UK
    Neuroimage 14:427-38. 2001
    ..g. space, time, and/or form)...
  29. pmc Mechanisms of face perception
    Doris Y Tsao
    Centers for Advanced Imaging and Cognitive Sciences, Bremen University, D 28334 Bremen, Germany
    Annu Rev Neurosci 31:411-37. 2008
    ..We clarify this idea in concrete algorithmic terms and show how it can explain a variety of phenomena associated with face processing...
  30. ncbi fMRI evidence for the neural representation of faces
    Gunter Loffler
    Department of Vision Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow G4 0BA, Scotland, UK
    Nat Neurosci 8:1386-90. 2005
    ..Furthermore, adaptation of the fMRI signal showed that the same neural population responds to faces falling along single identity axes within this space...
  31. ncbi Visual imagery of famous faces: effects of memory and attention revealed by fMRI
    Alumit Ishai
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, NIMH, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1366, USA
    Neuroimage 17:1729-41. 2002
    ..g., eyes, lips, or nose) resulted in increased activation in the right IPS and right IFG. Our results suggest differential effects of memory and attention during the generation and maintenance of mental images of faces...
  32. ncbi Enhanced extrastriate visual response to bandpass spatial frequency filtered fearful faces: time course and topographic evoked-potentials mapping
    Gilles Pourtois
    Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Clinic of Neurology, University of Geneva, Switzerland
    Hum Brain Mapp 26:65-79. 2005
    ....
  33. ncbi Lesions of the fornix and anterior thalamic nuclei dissociate different aspects of hippocampal-dependent spatial learning: implications for the neural basis of scene learning
    John P Aggleton
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, UK
    Behav Neurosci 123:504-19. 2009
    ..Consequently, the findings suggest that structural learning is heavily dependent on cortico-hippocampal interactions. In contrast, subcortical inputs (such as those from the anterior thalamus) contribute to geometric learning...
  34. ncbi Different neural responses to stranger and personally familiar faces in shy and bold adults
    Elliott A Beaton
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Behav Neurosci 122:704-9. 2008
    ..Findings suggest that there are distinct neural substrates underlying and maintaining individual differences along a shy-bold continuum in humans...
  35. ncbi Using spatial frequency scales for processing face features and face configuration: an ERP analysis
    Anastasia V Flevaris
    Department of Psychology University of California at Berkeley, CA, USA
    Brain Res 1194:100-9. 2008
    ..Moreover, they indicate that different configural manipulations (isolated features vs. face inversion) affect face detection in distinct ways, consistent with separate processing mechanisms for different types of configural encoding...
  36. ncbi Cortical analysis of visual context
    Moshe Bar
    NMR Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Neuron 38:347-58. 2003
    ..Attributing contextual analysis to these two areas, instead, provides a framework for bridging between previous reports...
  37. pmc Load induced blindness
    James S P Macdonald
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London, England
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 34:1078-91. 2008
    ....
  38. ncbi Learning strengthens the response of primary visual cortex to simple patterns
    Christopher S Furmanski
    HRL Laboratories, 3011 Malibu Canyon Road, Malibu, CA 90265, USA
    Curr Biol 14:573-8. 2004
    ..The elevation of V1 activity by training likely results from an increase in the number of neurons responding to the trained stimulus or an increase in response gain...
  39. ncbi Visual processing of facial affect
    Stephen Lewis
    Department of Psychiatry, University of New Mexico, School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
    Neuroreport 14:1841-5. 2003
    ..These findings are considered in the context of a specialized neural face-dependent information system...
  40. ncbi An event-related potential component sensitive to images of the human body
    Guillaume Thierry
    School of Psychology, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 2AS, UK
    Neuroimage 32:871-9. 2006
    ..Thus, the N190 generalizes to some degree to schematic depictions of the human form. Overall, our findings are consistent with intertwined, but functionally distinct, neural representations of the human face and body...
  41. ncbi Temporal characterization of the neural correlates of perceptual decision making in the human brain
    Marios G Philiastides
    Laboratory for Intelligent Imaging and Neural Computing, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Cereb Cortex 16:509-18. 2006
    ..These findings demonstrate a temporal evolution of component activity indicative of an evidence accumulation process which begins after early visual perception and has a processing time that depends on the strength of the evidence...
  42. ncbi Dopamine modulates the response of the human amygdala: a study in Parkinson's disease
    Alessandro Tessitore
    Clinical Brain Disorders Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1384, USA
    J Neurosci 22:9099-103. 2002
    ..Furthermore, consistent with findings in experimental animal paradigms, our results provide in vivo evidence of the role of dopamine in modulating the response of the amygdala to sensory information in human subjects...
  43. ncbi Differential aging of motion processing mechanisms: evidence against general perceptual decline
    Jutta Billino
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Justus Liebig University, Otto Behaghel Str 10F, D 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Vision Res 48:1254-61. 2008
    ..We suggest that differential age effects on the perception of specific motion types might indicate that specialized neuronal processing mechanisms differ in their vulnerability to physiological changes during aging...
  44. pmc Crowding--an essential bottleneck for object recognition: a mini-review
    Dennis M Levi
    University of California at Berkeley, School of Optometry and The Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, Berkeley, CA 94720 2020, USA
    Vision Res 48:635-54. 2008
    ..A full understanding of crowding may allow us to understand this bottleneck to object recognition and the rules that govern the integration of features into objects...
  45. ncbi Simultaneous recording of macaque premotor and primary motor cortex neuronal populations reveals different functional contributions to visuomotor grasp
    M A Umilta
    Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, UK
    J Neurophysiol 98:488-501. 2007
    ....
  46. ncbi Electrophysiological and haemodynamic correlates of face perception, recognition and priming
    R N Henson
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Cereb Cortex 13:793-805. 2003
    ..These data support a multi-component model of face-processing, with priming arising from more than one stage...
  47. ncbi Distinct spatial frequency sensitivities for processing faces and emotional expressions
    Patrik Vuilleumier
    Laboratory for Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Geneva Medical Center, 1 Michel Servet, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
    Nat Neurosci 6:624-31. 2003
    ..An activation of pulvinar and superior colliculus by fearful expressions occurred specifically with low-frequency faces, suggesting that these subcortical pathways may provide coarse fear-related inputs to the amygdala...
  48. ncbi The effect of task relevance on the cortical response to changes in visual and auditory stimuli: an event-related fMRI study
    J Downar
    Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Neuroimage 14:1256-67. 2001
    ..The TPJ may serve to identify salient events in the sensory environment both within and independent of the current behavioral context...
  49. ncbi Novelty responses and differential effects of order in the amygdala, substantia innominata, and inferior temporal cortex
    Christopher I Wright
    Psychiatric Neuroimaging Research Group, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 13th St, Bldg 149, CNY 9, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Neuroimage 18:660-9. 2003
    ....
  50. ncbi Hemispheric asymmetries for whole-based and part-based face processing in the human fusiform gyrus
    B Rossion
    Universite Catholique de Louvain, Unité de Neuropsychologie Cognitive, Louvain la Neuve
    J Cogn Neurosci 12:793-802. 2000
    ..This double dissociation between two modes of face processing brings new evidence regarding the lateralized localization of face individualization mechanisms in the human brain...
  51. pmc Neural repetition suppression reflects fulfilled perceptual expectations
    Christopher Summerfield
    INSERM U742, Université Pierre et Marie Currie, 9 Quai St Bernard, 75005 Paris, France
    Nat Neurosci 11:1004-6. 2008
    ..Our data suggest that repetition suppression reflects a relative reduction in top-down perceptual 'prediction error' when processing an expected, compared with an unexpected, stimulus...
  52. pmc Parametric study of EEG sensitivity to phase noise during face processing
    Guillaume A Rousselet
    Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging CCNi and Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    BMC Neurosci 9:98. 2008
    ..Single-trial ERP data from each subject were analysed using a multiple linear regression model...
  53. ncbi The Enigmatic temporal pole: a review of findings on social and emotional processing
    Ingrid R Olson
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Room B51, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6196, USA
    Brain 130:1718-31. 2007
    ..Because perceptual inputs remain segregated into dorsal (auditory), medial (olfactory) and ventral (visual) streams, the integration of emotion with perception is channel specific...
  54. ncbi The neural basis of the behavioral face-inversion effect
    Galit Yovel
    McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Curr Biol 15:2256-62. 2005
    ..Taken together, our data suggest that among the face-selective and object-selective regions, the FFA is a primary neural source of the behavioral FIE...
  55. ncbi Subjective rating of emotionally salient stimuli modulates neural activity
    Stephan F Taylor
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Neuroimage 18:650-9. 2003
    ..For both RTNG and PSVW, subjects activated the left fusiform gyrus. The results support the proposition that task instructions about how subjects should process evocative stimuli can affect neural activity...
  56. ncbi Cortical mechanisms of visual self-recognition
    Motoaki Sugiura
    NICHe, Tohoku University, Aramaki Aoba 10, Aoba ku, Sendai 980 8579, Japan
    Neuroimage 24:143-9. 2005
    ..Activation of the left fusiform gyrus selective to one's own face was consistent with the results of two previous functional imaging studies and a neuropsychological report, possibly suggesting its relationship with lexical processing...
  57. ncbi Object categorization: reversals and explanations of the basic-level advantage
    Timothy T Rogers
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 15206, US
    J Exp Psychol Gen 136:451-69. 2007
    ..Implications for theories of visual object recognition are discussed...
  58. ncbi Dynamic causal modeling of evoked responses in EEG and MEG
    Olivier David
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Functional Imaging Laboratory, Institute of Neurology, UCL, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Neuroimage 30:1255-72. 2006
    ..These examples show that category- or context-specific coupling among cortical regions can be assessed explicitly, within a mechanistic, biologically motivated inference framework...
  59. ncbi Ventral occipital lesions impair object recognition but not object-directed grasping: an fMRI study
    Thomas W James
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Brain 126:2463-75. 2003
    ..F.'s visual form agnosia is associated with extensive damage to the ventral stream, and that her spared visuomotor skills are associated with visual processing in the dorsal stream...
  60. ncbi Different neural systems adjust motor behavior in response to reward and punishment
    Jana Wrase
    Department of Psychiatry, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin Charité Campus Mitte, Chariteplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Neuroimage 36:1253-62. 2007
    ..Our results provide evidence that different but somewhat overlapping circuits mediate the same behavioral adaptation when it is driven by different incentive outcomes...
  61. ncbi Source analysis of the N170 to faces and objects
    Roxane J Itier
    The Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, M6A 2E1, Toronto, Canada
    Neuroreport 15:1261-5. 2004
    ....
  62. ncbi Incidental processing of biological motion
    Ian M Thornton
    Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Curr Biol 14:1084-9. 2004
    ....
  63. ncbi Selectivity for the human body in the fusiform gyrus
    Marius V Peelen
    School of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Wales, Bangor, United Kingdom LL57 2AS
    J Neurophysiol 93:603-8. 2005
    ..These results challenge accounts of the mid-fusiform gyrus that focus solely on faces and suggest that this region contains multiple distinct category-selective neural representations...
  64. ncbi Behavioral and electrophysiological evidence for configural processing in fingerprint experts
    Thomas A Busey
    Department of Psychology, Indiana University, Bloomington, 1101 E 10th Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Vision Res 45:431-48. 2005
    ..Together the results of both experiments point to the role configural processing in the development of visual expertise, possibly supported by idiosyncratic relational information among fingerprint features...
  65. ncbi Dynamic shifts of visual receptive fields in cortical area MT by spatial attention
    Thilo Womelsdorf
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Radboud University, Kapittelweg 29, 6525 EN Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Nat Neurosci 9:1156-60. 2006
    ....
  66. ncbi Intelligence and the frontal lobe: the organization of goal-directed behavior
    J Duncan
    MRC Applied Psychology Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Cogn Psychol 30:257-303. 1996
    ..A frontal process of constraint or requirement activation is fundamental to Spearman's g...
  67. pmc Feedback of visual object information to foveal retinotopic cortex
    Mark A Williams
    McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Nat Neurosci 11:1439-45. 2008
    ..Instead, our findings indicate that position-invariant object information from higher cortical areas is fed back to foveal retinotopic cortex, enhancing task performance...
  68. ncbi The cortical motor system
    G Rizzolatti
    Istituto di Fisiologia Umana, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, I43100 Parma, Italy
    Neuron 31:889-901. 2001
    ..We submit that generating internal representations of actions is central to cortical motor function. External contingencies and motivational factors determine then whether these action representations are transformed into actual actions...
  69. ncbi Cortical sources of the early components of the visual evoked potential
    Francesco Di Russo
    Department of Neurosciences, UCSD, La Jolla, California 92093 0608, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 15:95-111. 2002
    ..These findings clarify the anatomical origin of these VEP components, which have been studied extensively in relation to visual-perceptual processes...
  70. pmc Crossmodal binding of fear in voice and face
    R J Dolan
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:10006-10. 2001
    ....
  71. ncbi Sensory memory for ambiguous vision
    Joel Pearson
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Ave S Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:334-41. 2008
    ..This memory shares important characteristics with priming by non-ambiguous stimuli. Computational models now provide a framework to interpret many empirical observations...
  72. ncbi On the control of visual spatial attention: evidence from human electrophysiology
    Pierre Jolicoeur
    Departement de Psychologie, Universite de Montreal, C P 6128, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada
    Psychol Res 70:414-24. 2006
    ..N2pc was reduced in amplitude when subjects reported T1, and particularly so at the short SOA. The results suggest that attention to T1 interfered with the deployment of visual spatial attention to T2...
  73. ncbi Separate processing dynamics for texture elements, boundaries and surfaces in primary visual cortex of the macaque monkey
    V A Lamme
    Graduate School of Neurosciences, Department of Visual System Analysis, AMC, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Cereb Cortex 9:406-13. 1999
    ..These data favour a model of segmentation where boundary formation initiates surface filling-in...
  74. ncbi Figure-ground segregation requires two distinct periods of activity in V1: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study
    Klaartje Heinen
    Anatomy Department, Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1E6BT, UK
    Neuroreport 16:1483-7. 2005
    ....
  75. ncbi The posterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex mediate the anticipatory allocation of spatial attention
    D M Small
    Northwestern University Brain Mapping Group and Cognitive Neurology and Alzheimer s Disease Center, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Neuroimage 18:633-41. 2003
    ..An inverse relationship to cue benefit was seen in the parietal cortex, suggesting that spatial expectancy may entail the inhibition of attention-related areas to reduce distractibility by events at irrelevant locations...
  76. ncbi Neuronal substrates of haptic shape encoding and matching: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study
    A Miquée
    Laboratoire de Neurobiologie Intégrative et Adaptative UMR 6149, Aix Marseille Université Université de Provence CNRS, Centre St Charles, Pole 3C, Case B, 3, Place Victor Hugo, 13331 Marseille 03, France
    Neuroscience 152:29-39. 2008
    ..In addition, new activations emerged (right dorsolateral pre-frontal cortex, bilateral inferior parietal lobe, right SII) suggesting their specific involvement during 2D geometrical shape matching...
  77. ncbi Patches with links: a unified system for processing faces in the macaque temporal lobe
    Sebastian Moeller
    Institute for Brain Research and Center for Advanced Imaging, University of Bremen, Post Office Box 330440, D 28334 Bremen, Germany
    Science 320:1355-9. 2008
    ..Stimulation outside the face patches produced an activation pattern that spared the face patches. These results suggest that the face patches form a strongly and specifically interconnected hierarchical network...
  78. ncbi The fusiform "face area" is part of a network that processes faces at the individual level
    I Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 12:495-504. 2000
    ....
  79. ncbi Feature detection and letter identification
    Denis G Pelli
    Institute for Sensory Research, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York, NY 13210, USA
    Vision Res 46:4646-74. 2006
    ..This, and the surprisingly fixed ratio of detection and identification thresholds, indicate that identifying a letter is mediated by detection of about 7 visual features...
  80. ncbi Patches of face-selective cortex in the macaque frontal lobe
    Doris Y Tsao
    Institute for Brain Research and Center for Advanced Imaging, University of Bremen, P O B 330440, D 28334 Bremen, FR Germany
    Nat Neurosci 11:877-9. 2008
    ..These prefrontal face patches may constitute dedicated modules for retrieving and responding to facial information...
  81. ncbi Anteromedial temporal cortex supports fine-grained differentiation among objects
    H E Moss
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EB, UK
    Cereb Cortex 15:616-27. 2005
    ....
  82. ncbi Time course of processes and representations supporting visual object identification and memory
    Haline E Schendan
    Tufts University
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:111-35. 2003
    ....
  83. ncbi Facial-expression and gaze-selective responses in the monkey amygdala
    Kari L Hoffman
    Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Curr Biol 17:766-72. 2007
    ..Independent behavioral measures confirmed that faces with averted gaze were more arousing, suggesting the activity in the central nucleus may be related to attention and arousal...
  84. ncbi Short-window spectral analysis of cortical event-related potentials by adaptive multivariate autoregressive modeling: data preprocessing, model validation, and variability assessment
    M Ding
    Center for Complex Systems and Brain Sciences, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton 33431, USA
    Biol Cybern 83:35-45. 2000
    ..Finally, we apply AMVAR spectral analysis to a visuomotor integration task, revealing rapidly changing cortical dynamics during different stages of task processing...
  85. ncbi The Cambridge Face Memory Test: results for neurologically intact individuals and an investigation of its validity using inverted face stimuli and prosopagnosic participants
    Brad Duchaine
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Neuropsychologia 44:576-85. 2006
    ..In contrast, the Warrington test and the Benton test failed to classify a majority of the prosopagnosics as impaired. These results indicate that the new test effectively assesses face recognition across a wide range of abilities...
  86. ncbi Visual recognition: as soon as you know it is there, you know what it is
    Kalanit Grill-Spector
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:152-60. 2005
    ..These findings place powerful constraints on theories of object recognition...
  87. ncbi Prototype-referenced shape encoding revealed by high-level aftereffects
    D A Leopold
    , , Germany
    Nat Neurosci 4:89-94. 2001
    ..The results suggest that the encoding of faces and other complex patterns draws upon contrastive neural mechanisms that reference the central tendency of the stimulus category...
  88. ncbi Functional MRI studies of spatial and nonspatial working memory
    M D'ESPOSITO
    Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 7:1-13. 1998
    ..4 (1994) 207-211], a reconsideration of the previous imaging literature data suggested that a dorsal/ventral subdivision of prefrontal cortex may depend upon the type of processing performed upon the information held in working memory...
  89. ncbi Columns for complex visual object features in the inferotemporal cortex: clustering of cells with similar but slightly different stimulus selectivities
    Keiji Tanaka
    RIKEN Brain Research Institute, Wako Shi, Saitama 351 0198, Japan
    Cereb Cortex 13:90-9. 2003
    ..The two modes may work in parallel, with a graded balance changing according to the behavioral context. Determining whether or not these hypotheses are valid will require further studies...
  90. ncbi Duration-dependent FMRI adaptation and distributed viewer-centered face representation in human visual cortex
    Fang Fang
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, 75 East River Parkway, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:1402-11. 2007
    ..Our findings suggest that long- and short-term fMRI adaptations may reflect selective properties of different neuronal mechanisms...
  91. ncbi Impact of learning on representation of parts and wholes in monkey inferotemporal cortex
    Chris I Baker
    Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, 115 Mellon Institute, 4400 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Nat Neurosci 5:1210-6. 2002
    ..These results indicate a possible neural mechanism for holistic or configural effects in expert versus novice observers...
  92. ncbi A theory of visual interpolation in object perception
    P J Kellman
    Department of Psychology, Swarthmore College, PA 19081
    Cogn Psychol 23:141-221. 1991
    ..Finally, we elaborate our approach by discussing related issues, some new phenomena, connections to other approaches, and issues for future research...
  93. ncbi Mixed blocked/event-related designs separate transient and sustained activity in fMRI
    Kristina M Visscher
    Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Neuroimage 19:1694-708. 2003
    ..Mixed designs can allow researchers a means to examine brain activity associated with sustained processes, potentially related to task-level control signals...
  94. ncbi Disgust and happiness recognition correlate with anteroventral insula and amygdala volume respectively in preclinical Huntington's disease
    C M Kipps
    Westmead Hospital, Westmead, NSW, Australia
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:1206-17. 2007
    ..The findings also highlight the role of neurodegenerative diseases combined with statistical imaging techniques in elucidating the brain basis of behavior and cognition...
  95. pmc An anterior temporal face patch in human cortex, predicted by macaque maps
    Reza Rajimehr
    NMR Martinos Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:1995-2000. 2009
    ..This fMRI evidence suggests that such a face-selective area exists in human anterior inferotemporal cortex, comprising the apparent homologue of the fMRI-defined ATFP in macaques...
  96. ncbi The reviewing of object files: object-specific integration of information
    D Kahneman
    University of California, Berkeley
    Cogn Psychol 24:175-219. 1992
    ..In the absence of an object link, the reviewing item is selected at random. We develop the concept of an object file as a temporary episodic representation, within which successive states of an object are linked and integrated...
  97. ncbi Can generic expertise explain special processing for faces?
    Elinor McKone
    School of Psychology, Australian National University, ACT 0200, Australia
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:8-15. 2007
    ..We conclude that the crucial social function of face recognition does not reflect merely a general practice phenomenon and that it might be supported by evolved mechanisms (visual or nonvisual) and/or a sensitive period in infancy...
  98. ncbi The parahippocampal place area: recognition, navigation, or encoding?
    R Epstein
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA
    Neuron 23:115-25. 1999
    ....
  99. ncbi Learning the value of information in an uncertain world
    Timothy E J Behrens
    FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Nat Neurosci 10:1214-21. 2007
    ..Furthermore, variations in this ACC signal across the population predict variations in subject learning rates. Our results provide a formal account of how we weigh our different experiences in guiding our future actions...
  100. ncbi A neural model of figure-ground organization
    Edward Craft
    Department of Biophysics, Johns Hopkins University, 338 Krieger Hall, 3400 N Charles St, Baltimore, MD 21218 2685, USA
    J Neurophysiol 97:4310-26. 2007
    ..The results are consistent with neurophysiological and psychophysical findings. The model makes predictions about the hypothetical grouping circuits and the role of feedback between cortical areas...
  101. ncbi Visual recognition: evidence for two distinctive mechanisms from a PET study
    P Herath
    Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Hum Brain Mapp 12:110-9. 2001
    ..This study is the first to show functional dual dissociation of active cortical fields for different mechanisms of visual pattern recognition.

Research Grants70

  1. Towards cortical visual prosthetics
    Gabriel Kreiman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of the neuronal circuits, algorithms and computations performed by the human visual system to perform visual pattern recognition. In the vast majority of visually impaired or blind people, the problems originate at the level of the ..
  2. Inferotemporal Cortex and Object Vision
    CARL ROGER OLSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..pattern selectivity in IT - and hence to cast light on the nature of the neural machinery that underlies visual pattern recognition - is the aim of experiments described in this proposal. Three series of experiments will be carried out...
  3. NEURONAL MECHANISMS OF VISUAL INTEGRATION
    CHARLES GRAY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of sensory information from different parts of the visual field is a vital process underlying visual pattern recognition. The neuronal mechanisms mediating these integrative processes, however, are poorly understood...
  4. Response Selection as a Function of Age
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These guidelines will lead to development of products and environments that allow elderly adults to remain more independent and to engage safely in more activities in their daily lives. ..
  5. Understanding memory for pictures in Alzheimer's disease
    BRANDON ALLY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Finally, Aim 3 will use grayscale versus color pictures and a level of processing manipulation to evaluate two hypotheses regarding how pictures might affect memory processes in AD. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. BIOSOCIAL ACTIVATION OF SEX-LINKED COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR
    GERIANNE ALEXANDER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This information will therefore increase understanding of the relations among typical or atypical reproductive events (e.g., puberty, hormone deficiency, pregnancy) and cognition. ..
  7. TRANSMISSION OF INFORMATION IN THE VISUAL SYSTEM
    Denis G Pelli; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus techniques from cognition, perception, statistical learning theory, and physiology together will reveal what is computed where, in the brain, when an observer identifies an object. ..
  8. Emotion and Memory
    Chad Marsolek; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It also should help to provide new ways to conceptualize debilitating memories in post-traumatic stress disorder (and some phobias) and to suggest new treatments for such afflictions. ..
  9. Overt and Covert Selection During Reading
    ALBRECHT INHOFF; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It should also have ramifications beyond the domain of reading, as coordination of covert and overt selection may be part and parcel of effective visual selection in general. ..
  10. Visual Processing in Schizophrenia
    Pamela Butler; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Cognitive neuroscience of temporal processing
    H Branch Coslett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, we propose to use transcranial magnetic stimulation to identify specific brain regions that are necessary for normal temporal processing. ..
  12. NEURAL ORGANIZATION OF COGNITION
    Thad Polk; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..By studying these three domains in parallel we hope to develop converging evidence that will allow us to draw more general conclusions relevant to the issue of experience-dependent neural segregation. ..
  13. LANGUAGE PROCESSING DURING READING
    Keith Rayner; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The research should be useful in further understanding the process of skilled reading and also help to reveal the relationship between skilled and poor reading. ..
  14. Functional Connectivity During Working Memory Maintenance
    Jesse Rissman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The second and third experiments will assess the mechanisms by which the WM system can dynamically adapt its functional connectivity profile to accommodate increased memory load or overcome distraction. ..
  15. The cognitive neuroscience of body knowledge
    H Coslett; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Understanding the cerebral basis of motor control and the body schema is likely to contribute substantially to the development of interventions that target these representations. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. The First Half Second
    Bruno Breitmeyer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The workshop will be held at the University of Houston from November 1 through November 3, 2003. ..
  17. BODY REPRESENTATIONS--NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND ANATOMIC BASIS
    H Coslett; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The potential clinical significance of this work is also clear. If, as hypothesized, the body schema is crucial to action, interventions targeting this representations may have important therapeutic implications. ..
  18. Functional architecture of switching between two tasks
    Glenn Wylie; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Thus, our pilot data suggest that we have found two robust methods for investigating control processes, and it is the purpose of this proposal to use these paradigms to gain a better understanding of executive control. ..
  19. Adolescent Social Phobia and Neurophysiological Function
    Christopher Monk; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The long-term goal is to identify neurobiological and behavioral events that underlie the development of childhood anxiety disorders. ..
  20. Emotional Granularity: A View From Multiple Levels
    Lisa Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Emotional experiences will come to be viewed as fluid, emergent phenomena that are constructed and elaborated via mental representations. In the broadest context, it has the potential to impact research where emotion plays some role. ..
  21. Attention and Adult Emotion Regulation
    Derek M Isaacowitz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Motor Imagery as a Measure of Pain Severity
    H Coslett; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Finally, as mental motor imagery tasks require minimal language capacity or abstract reasoning, we propose to investigate the use of these measures in subjects with cognitive impairment. ..
  23. LIFE AND DEATH OF RETINAL GANGLION CELLS
    Vittorio Porciatti; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such outcomes are significant, since exploiting an animal model for testing neuroprotective strategies that preserve visual function is an important component of future research on treatments for glaucoma. ..
  24. Parietal mechanisms of vision and attention
    Jacqueline Gottlieb; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results are expected to significantly advance our understanding of the neural mechanisms of attention and to bring us closer toward establishing an animal model of neglect. ..
  25. Neural Correlates of Methamphetamine Use in Schizophrenia: An MRS Study
    Ruth Salo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These findings will have important implications for neurobiological models of comorbid substance abuse and treatment. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. The Development of Visual Integration & Attention: A High-Density EEG Study
    Melanie Palomares; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Place Representations in the Human Visual System
    Russell A Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..As such, this knowledge could be critical for development of rehabilitation strategies in the blind. ..
  28. Drug Abuse, Social Decision-Making, and Sex-Related Functional Brain Asymmetry
    DANIEL T TRANEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. A Dynamic Process Approach to Cognitive Representation
    John Lipinski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This empirical work will lay the essential groundwork for development of a formal model linking linguistic and non-linguistic representations of space. ..
  30. Electrophysiology and Neurocognition in Schizophrenia
    Peter Bachman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. Neurophysiology of Task-Switching
    Glenn Wylie; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This is a central, critical aspect of executive control, and one that the present proposal will elucidate. ..
  32. SPATIAL INFLUENCES ON LANGUAGE FUNCTION
    H Coslett; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Cognitive Sequelae of Methamphetamine Abuse
    Ruth Salo; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Visual-social cognition in neurodevelopmental disorders
    Nouchine Hadjikhani; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It should give us additional insight into the pathophysiology face perception disorders, and provide a basis for the development of remedial treatment for deficits in social communication. ..
  35. Time's Eye: Aging and Attention to Emotional Stimuli
    Derek Isaacowitz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results would also have implications for the etiology and treatment of depression. ..
  36. PERCEPTUAL REPRESENTATION OF 3D SURFACES
    James Todd; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  37. INTERMODAL TEMPORAL INFORMATION PROCESSING IN INFANTS
    DAVID LEWKOWICZ; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. NEURAL SUBSTRATES OF MEMORY AND SEMANTIC PROCESSING
    Diane Swick; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The pattern of spared cognitive abilities in these patients is of great interest with future applications in the development of improved rehabilitation strategies. ..
  39. MR PERFUSION IMAGING FOR FUNCTIONAL BRAIN STUDIES
    THOMAS CONTURO; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Finally, the validity of quantitative MR CBV and CBF measurements obtained with different signal combinations will be tested against PET in baboons with normal and physiologically-altered flow. ..
  40. The Human PFC Response to Drug Cues: Outcome Representation vs. Cognitive Contro
    Stefan Ursu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  41. SMOKING CESSATION, REWARD MOTIVATION AND IMPULSIVITY
    Jane Powell; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Correlational and multivariate analyses will investigate the relationships between these impairments, speed/severity of relapse, and genotypes. ..
  42. Cognitive Control Deficits and Formal Thought Disorder
    JOHN KERNS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Neurobehavioral Consequences of Adolescent Alcohol
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..AIM 3: To investigate the neurochemical substrates underlying the lasting neurobehavioral consequences of adolescent ethanol exposure, with a focus on NMDA systems ..
  44. Neural Mechanisms of Selectively Biasing Attentional Set
    John Foxe; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  45. Neural Systems Underlying Sign Language Production
    Karen Emmorey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Alcohol Effects on Explicit Cue vs. Contextual Fear
    John Curtin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  47. OPTIMIZING SOFTCOPY DISPLAYS FOR DIGITAL MAMMOGRAPHY
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The JND metrix model will then be used to systematically explore and optimize CRT design tradeoffs for current and future digital-mammography display systems. ..
  48. Effectiveness Trial of Attention Shaping for Schizophrenia
    Steven M Silverstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  49. Adaptive Regulation of Cognitive Control
    Clay Holroyd; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. Neural Substrates of Component Lexical Semantic Processes
    BRIAN GOLD; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. Divalproex sodium and Risperidone in Pediatric Bipolar Disorder
    Mani Pavuluri; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..During five years, 40 outpatient subjects with PBD manic or mixed episodes, ages 8-17 years, referred to the UI Pediatric Mood Disorder Clinic will be recruited. ..
  52. EARLY ONTOGENY OF ATTUNEMENT TO THE LANGUAGE ENVIRONMENT
    CATHERINE BEST; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, this research is relevant to understanding second language learning, an issue of fundamental importance in our increasingly multilingual and multicultural society. ..
  53. THE INFLUENCE OF AGING SELF-STEREOTYPES ON HEALTH
    Becca Levy; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Together, these studies offer an excellent training opportunity and the possibility of identifying a new risk factor for disability and mortality that could be targeted by a psychosocial intervention. ..
  54. Precursors, Insulators, and Consequences of Inhalant Use
    Diana Fishbein; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The identification of such variables may potentially be useful in the development of specific prevention and treatment programs for this population as well as other Native American tribes. ..
  56. Cognitive and Spatial Systems in Action
    Laurel Buxbaum; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, it is expected to significantly advance our understanding of lM, a common clinical disorder whose presentation, subtypes, and neuroanatomic substrate remain poorly understood. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Attentional Mechanisms in Perception and Working Memory
    STEVEN LUCK; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. Long-range processing in dorsal-occipital cortex
    Christopher Tyler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The final project will introduce a clinical component, quantifying symmetry-blindness in neurological patients with relevant lesions, together with comparison studies in matched controls. ..
  59. Striatal Contributions to Category Learning
    J Vincent Filoteo; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Further, quantitative models will be applied to the data of PD patients and controls in order to determine more precisely the nature of any observed category learning deficits in the PD patients. ..
  60. Spatial Auditory Plasticity
    Barbara Shinn Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. Electrophysiological Correlates of Anhedonia in Schizophrenia
    WILLIAM HORAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. Cognitive Processes in Smoking Cessation
    Andrew Waters; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Thus, results from this study may help us to identify individuals who are high risk for an early relapse, and facilitate the development of smoking cessation interventions. ..
  63. MIPS XII Conference
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. Elucidating the Neurobiology of Postpartum Depression
    Eydie Moses Kolko; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  65. Medical Image Perception Society Confrence XI
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  66. The role of object-based attention in motion perception
    Thomas Papathomas; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If attention is involved in surface formation, the normally global MAE direction will change to local when attention is distracted by a foveal task during adaptation. ..
  67. Associations between perceptual features and information that was never perceived
    Jason Arndt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  68. The Organization of Semantic Memory
    Eiling Yee; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  69. Infants' responses to attentional and emotional cues
    BETTY REPACHOLI; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..