short term memory

Summary

Summary: Temporary storage of information for a few seconds to hours, as opposed to long-term memory which refers to material stored for days, years, or a lifetime.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The capacity of visual working memory for features and conjunctions
    S J Luck
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242 1407, USA
    Nature 390:279-81. 1997
  2. ncbi The magical number 4 in short-term memory: a reconsideration of mental storage capacity
    N Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 24:87-114; discussion 114-85. 2001
  3. ncbi Neuroimaging studies of working memory: a meta-analysis
    Tor D Wager
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 3:255-74. 2003
  4. ncbi Working memory: looking back and looking forward
    Alan Baddeley
    Department of Psychology, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 4:829-39. 2003
  5. ncbi Storage and executive processes in the frontal lobes
    E E Smith
    Department of Psychology, Mental Health Research Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1109, USA
    Science 283:1657-61. 1999
  6. ncbi Temporal dynamics of brain activation during a working memory task
    J D Cohen
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Nature 386:604-8. 1997
  7. ncbi The role of working memory in visual selective attention
    J W de Fockert
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Science 291:1803-6. 2001
  8. ncbi Prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia control access to working memory
    Fiona McNab
    Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, Stockholm Brain Institute, Karolinska Institutet, MR Centrum, Stockholm, Sweden
    Nat Neurosci 11:103-7. 2008
  9. ncbi The demonstration of short-term consolidation
    P Jolicoeur
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Cogn Psychol 36:138-202. 1998
  10. ncbi The capacity of visual short-term memory is set both by visual information load and by number of objects
    G A Alvarez
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:106-11. 2004

Detail Information

Publications333 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The capacity of visual working memory for features and conjunctions
    S J Luck
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242 1407, USA
    Nature 390:279-81. 1997
    ....
  2. ncbi The magical number 4 in short-term memory: a reconsideration of mental storage capacity
    N Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 24:87-114; discussion 114-85. 2001
    ..Reasons why pure capacity estimates fall within a narrow range are discussed and a capacity limit for the focus of attention is proposed...
  3. ncbi Neuroimaging studies of working memory: a meta-analysis
    Tor D Wager
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 3:255-74. 2003
    ..Finally, we consider a potential fourth executive function: selective attention to features of a stimulus to be stored in WM, which leads to increased probability of activating the medial prefrontal cortex (BA 32) in storage tasks...
  4. ncbi Working memory: looking back and looking forward
    Alan Baddeley
    Department of Psychology, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 4:829-39. 2003
  5. ncbi Storage and executive processes in the frontal lobes
    E E Smith
    Department of Psychology, Mental Health Research Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1109, USA
    Science 283:1657-61. 1999
    ..Two of the fundamental executive processes are selective attention and task management. Both processes activate the anterior cingulate and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex...
  6. ncbi Temporal dynamics of brain activation during a working memory task
    J D Cohen
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Nature 386:604-8. 1997
    ..We used the temporal resolution of this technique to examine the dynamics of regional activation, and to show that prefrontal cortex along with parietal cortex appears to play a role in active maintenance...
  7. ncbi The role of working memory in visual selective attention
    J W de Fockert
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Science 291:1803-6. 2001
    ..These findings confirm a major role for working memory in the control of visual selective attention...
  8. ncbi Prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia control access to working memory
    Fiona McNab
    Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, Stockholm Brain Institute, Karolinska Institutet, MR Centrum, Stockholm, Sweden
    Nat Neurosci 11:103-7. 2008
    ....
  9. ncbi The demonstration of short-term consolidation
    P Jolicoeur
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Cogn Psychol 36:138-202. 1998
    ..The results suggested that STC has limited capacity and that it requires central processing mechanisms. Additional evidence suggested that no memory for T1 was formed in STM when STC was not engaged...
  10. ncbi The capacity of visual short-term memory is set both by visual information load and by number of objects
    G A Alvarez
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:106-11. 2004
    ..Thus, both the visual information load and number of objects impose capacity limits on visual short-term memory...
  11. ncbi Overlooking the obvious: a meta-analytic comparison of digit symbol coding tasks and other cognitive measures in schizophrenia
    Dwight Dickinson
    VISN 5 Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:532-42. 2007
    ..In focusing on potentially localizable cognitive impairments, the schizophrenia meta-analytic literature has overlooked the largest single impairment: on digit symbol coding tasks...
  12. ncbi Frontal lobes and human memory: insights from functional neuroimaging
    P C Fletcher
    Research Department of Psychiatry, Cambridge University, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Brain 124:849-81. 2001
    ..We expect that the neuroimaging techniques will provide an important part of this enterprise...
  13. ncbi Complexity of prefrontal cortical dysfunction in schizophrenia: more than up or down
    Joseph H Callicott
    Clinical Brain Disorders Branch, NIMH NIH, Bldg 10, Rm 4D 20, MSC 1389, Bethesda, MD 20892 1389, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 160:2209-15. 2003
    ..The authors' goal was to explore this phenomenon...
  14. ncbi Functional imaging of working memory after 24 hr of total sleep deprivation
    Michael W L Chee
    Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, SingHealth Research Laboratories, Singapore 169611, Singapore
    J Neurosci 24:4560-7. 2004
    ..Our findings provide neural correlates to explain why task performance in relatively more complex tasks is better preserved relative to simpler ones after SD...
  15. ncbi The working memory networks of the human brain
    David E J Linden
    Wolfson Centre of Clinical and Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology, University of Wales Bangor, North Wales Clinical School, Bangor, Wales
    Neuroscientist 13:257-67. 2007
    ..Finally, the author highlights open questions for cognitive neuroscience research of working memory, such as that of the mechanisms for integrating different types of content (binding) or those providing the link to long-term memory...
  16. ncbi Transient and sustained activity in a distributed neural system for human working memory
    S M Courtney
    Section on Functional Brain Imaging, Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1366, USA
    Nature 386:608-11. 1997
    ....
  17. ncbi Impaired set-shifting and dissociable effects on tests of spatial working memory following the dopamine D2 receptor antagonist sulpiride in human volunteers
    Mitul A Mehta
    Department of Psychiatry, Level E4, Addenbrooke s Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 2QQ, UK
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 176:331-42. 2004
    ..These include working memory and set-shifting deficits. Theories of DA function have predicted that distraction or impaired switching may be important determinants of such deficits...
  18. ncbi When loading working memory reduces distraction: behavioral and electrophysiological evidence from an auditory-visual distraction paradigm
    Iria SanMiguel
    University of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:1131-45. 2008
    ..Moreover, as these results contradict predictions of the load theory of selective attention and cognitive control, it is suggested that the WM load effects on distraction depend on the nature of the distractor-target relationships...
  19. ncbi Visual working memory represents a fixed number of items regardless of complexity
    Edward Awh
    University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 1227, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:622-8. 2007
    ..Finally, a correlational analysis suggested a two-factor model of working memory ability, in which the number and resolution of representations in working memory correspond to distinct dimensions of memory ability...
  20. pmc Working memory as an emergent property of the mind and brain
    B R Postle
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1202 West Johnson Street, Madison, WI 53726, USA
    Neuroscience 139:23-38. 2006
    ..Evidence from behavioral, neuropsychological, electrophysiological, and neuroimaging studies, from monkeys and humans, is considered, as is the question of how to interpret delay-period activity in the prefrontal cortex...
  21. ncbi Gamma amplitudes are coupled to theta phase in human EEG during visual perception
    Tamer Demiralp
    Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physiology, Turkey
    Int J Psychophysiol 64:24-30. 2007
    ..Instead of theta phase modulating gamma amplitude, it is also conceivable that focal gamma activity needs to be downsampled to theta activity, before it can interact with more distant brain regions...
  22. pmc Are there multiple visual short-term memory stores?
    Ilja G Sligte
    Cognitive Neuroscience Group, Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 3:e1699. 2008
    ..The current experiments address this issue and explore the capacity, stability, and duration of fragile VSTM representations...
  23. ncbi Flexible, capacity-limited activity of posterior parietal cortex in perceptual as well as visual short-term memory tasks
    Daniel J Mitchell
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Cereb Cortex 18:1788-98. 2008
    ..The differential influence of item load across perceptual tasks is consistent with task requirements affecting the form of these representations...
  24. pmc Medial temporal lobe activity predicts successful relational memory binding
    Deborah E Hannula
    Center for Neuroscience, University of California, Davis, California 95618, USA
    J Neurosci 28:116-24. 2008
    ..These results indicate that the hippocampus and related MTL structures contribute to successful encoding and retrieval of relational information in visual short-term memory...
  25. ncbi Functional MRI studies of spatial and nonspatial working memory
    M D'ESPOSITO
    Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 7:1-13. 1998
    ..4 (1994) 207-211], a reconsideration of the previous imaging literature data suggested that a dorsal/ventral subdivision of prefrontal cortex may depend upon the type of processing performed upon the information held in working memory...
  26. pmc Striatal dopamine and working memory
    Susan M Landau
    Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3190, USA
    Cereb Cortex 19:445-54. 2009
    ..These results provide new evidence that striatal dopaminergic function is related to PFC-dependent functions, particularly brain activation and behavioral performance during WM tasks...
  27. ncbi The right hippocampus participates in short-term memory maintenance of object-location associations
    Carinne Piekema
    Department of Psychonomics, Helmholtz Instituut, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 2, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 33:374-82. 2006
    ..The present results suggest a hippocampal involvement in active maintenance when feature combinations that include spatial information have to be maintained online...
  28. ncbi Organization of visual short-term memory
    Y Jiang
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 26:683-702. 2000
    ..In summary, the authors proposed that VSTM stores the relational information of individual visual items on the basis of global spatial configuration...
  29. ncbi Neural correlates of spatial working memory in humans: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study comparing visual and tactile processes
    E Ricciardi
    Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Pisa, Via Roma 55, I 56126 Pisa, Italy
    Neuroscience 139:339-49. 2006
    ....
  30. pmc Understanding the function of visual short-term memory: transsaccadic memory, object correspondence, and gaze correction
    Andrew Hollingworth
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 1407, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 137:163-81. 2008
    ..These findings demonstrate that VSTM plays a direct role in a fundamentally important aspect of visually guided behavior, and they suggest the existence of previously unknown links between VSTM representations and the occulomotor system...
  31. ncbi Spatial working memory capacity in unilateral neglect
    Paresh Malhotra
    Division of Neuroscience, Imperial College, Charing Cross Hospital Campus, London W6 8RF, UK
    Brain 128:424-35. 2005
    ..These findings demonstrate that an impairment in SWM capacity can contribute to the neglect syndrome in patients with stroke involving regions within the right parietal lobe and insula...
  32. ncbi Electrophysiological measures of maintaining representations in visual working memory
    Andrew W McCollough
    University of Oregon, Eugene 97403 1227, USA
    Cortex 43:77-94. 2007
    ..Together, these results appear to indicate an electrophysiological index of the maintained representations in visual WM...
  33. ncbi Working memory maintenance contributes to long-term memory formation: neural and behavioral evidence
    Charan Ranganath
    Center for Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University of California at Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:994-1010. 2005
    ....
  34. ncbi Maintenance of multiple working memory items by temporal segmentation
    O Jensen
    Radboud University Nijmegen, F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Kapitelweg 29, 6525 EN Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Neuroscience 139:237-49. 2006
    ..The theta/gamma mechanism has also received support from a large set of electrophysiological findings, however, more experimental work is required to further substantiate or falsify the model...
  35. ncbi Striatal contributions to working memory: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study in humans
    Simon J G Lewis
    Cambridge Centre for Brain Repair, Forvie Site, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, CB2 2PY, UK
    Eur J Neurosci 19:755-60. 2004
    ..These results suggest an essential and specific role for the caudate nucleus in executive function, which may underlie the cognitive disturbances observed in frontostriatal neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease...
  36. ncbi Effects of cytotoxic hippocampal lesions in mice on a cognitive test battery
    Robert M J Deacon
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, UK
    Behav Brain Res 133:57-68. 2002
    ..These results are largely consistent with findings in hippocampal lesioned rats on the same or similar tasks, and reflect a major impairment of spatial cognition, with relative sparing of non-spatial task performance...
  37. ncbi Directional signals in the prefrontal cortex and in area MT during a working memory for visual motion task
    Daniel Zaksas
    Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, Department of Brain and Cognitive Science, and Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14642, USA
    J Neurosci 26:11726-42. 2006
    ..PFC neurons reflect task-related information about visual motion and represent decisions that may be based, in part, on the comparison in MT between the remembered sample and test...
  38. ncbi Restricted and regulated overexpression reveals calcineurin as a key component in the transition from short-term to long-term memory
    I M Mansuy
    Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York 10032, USA
    Cell 92:39-49. 1998
    ..Our behavioral results suggest that calcineurin has a role in the transition from short- to long-term memory, which correlates with a novel intermediate phase of LTP...
  39. ncbi Spatial processing in the monkey frontal eye field. II. Memory responses
    M M Umeno
    Laboratory of Sensorimotor Research, National Eye Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    J Neurophysiol 86:2344-52. 2001
    ..We suggest that the frontal eye field maintains a spatially accurate representation of the visual world that is not dependent on constant or continuous visual stimulation, and can last for several minutes...
  40. ncbi Under the curve: critical issues for elucidating D1 receptor function in working memory
    G V Williams
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, 300 George Street, Suite 901, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Neuroscience 139:263-76. 2006
    ..If we look under the bell-shaped curve of prefrontal dopamine function, it is the relationship between neuromodulation and cognitive function that promises to bridge our knowledge between molecule and mind...
  41. ncbi Shared and distinct neurophysiological components of the digits forward and backward tasks as revealed by functional neuroimaging
    Brooke K Gerton
    Unit on Integrative Neuroimaging, Clinical Brain Disorders Branch, Intramural Research Program, National Institute of Mental Health, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 1365, USA
    Neuropsychologia 42:1781-7. 2004
    ....
  42. ncbi A mechanistic account of striatal dopamine function in human cognition: psychopharmacological studies with cabergoline and haloperidol
    Michael J Frank
    Department of Psychology and Program in NeuroscienceUniversity of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Behav Neurosci 120:497-517. 2006
    ..Drug effects interacted with baseline working memory span in all tasks. Taken together, the results support a unified account of the role of dopamine in modulating cognitive processes that depend on the basal ganglia...
  43. ncbi Content- and task-specific dissociations of frontal activity during maintenance and manipulation in visual working memory
    Harald M Mohr
    Department of Psychiatry, Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universitat, D 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    J Neurosci 26:4465-71. 2006
    ..We suggest that the enhanced demand on cognitive resources in manipulation compared with maintenance was met by interplay of content- and task-specific modules in a frontoparietal network...
  44. ncbi Cortical capacity constraints for visual working memory: dissociation of fMRI load effects in a fronto-parietal network
    David E J Linden
    Max Planck Institut für Himforschung, Deutschordenstrasse 46, D 60528 Frankfurt, Germany
    Neuroimage 20:1518-30. 2003
    ..These results indicate that at least two distinct cortical subsystems are recruited for visual WM, and that their interplay changes when the capacity limit is reached...
  45. pmc On the capacity of attention: its estimation and its role in working memory and cognitive aptitudes
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Cogn Psychol 51:42-100. 2005
    ..So does digit span in children too young to rehearse...
  46. ncbi A short review of slow phase synchronization and memory: evidence for control processes in different memory systems?
    Wolfgang Klimesch
    Department of Physiological Psychology, University of Salzburg, Austria
    Brain Res 1235:31-44. 2008
    ..The hypothesis, suggested here is that theta and upper alpha reflect these processes which can be best studied when analyzing phase...
  47. pmc Representation of attended versus remembered locations in prefrontal cortex
    Mikhail A Lebedev
    Laboratory of Systems Neuroscience, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    PLoS Biol 2:e365. 2004
    ..Instead, PF's delay-period activity probably contributes more to the process of attentional selection...
  48. ncbi The relationship between antisaccades, smooth pursuit, and executive dysfunction in first-episode schizophrenia
    Samuel B Hutton
    Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
    Biol Psychiatry 56:553-9. 2004
    ....
  49. ncbi Practitioner review: short-term and working memory impairments in neurodevelopmental disorders: diagnosis and remedial support
    Susan E Gathercole
    Department of Psychology, University of Durham, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 47:4-15. 2006
    ..The memory impairments associated with a range of neurodevelopmental disorders (Down's syndrome, Williams syndrome, Specific Language Impairment, and attentional deficits) are discussed...
  50. pmc Early top-down control of visual processing predicts working memory performance
    Aaron M Rutman
    University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:1224-34. 2010
    ..These results contribute to our evolving understanding of the mechanistic overlap between attention and memory...
  51. ncbi Gamma oscillations correlate with working memory load in humans
    Marc W Howard
    Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244 2340, USA
    Cereb Cortex 13:1369-74. 2003
    ..This constitutes the first evidence that gamma oscillations, widely implicated in perceptual processes, support the maintenance of multiple items in working memory...
  52. ncbi The representation of instructions operates like a prepared reflex: flanker compatibility effects found in first trial following S-R instructions
    Oshrit Cohen-Kdoshay
    Department of Behavioral Sciences ans Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Exp Psychol 56:128-33. 2009
    ..The authors show that the FCE was present in the first trial immediately following the instructions, thus providing unequivocal support for the PR metaphor...
  53. ncbi Binding in short-term visual memory
    Mary E Wheeler
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 131:48-64. 2002
    ....
  54. ncbi Is the prefrontal cortex necessary for establishing cognitive sets?
    James B Rowe
    Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Cambridge University, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 27:13303-10. 2007
    ..The results suggest that the left rostral prefrontal cortex is indeed required for establishing a cognitive set but that the essential function is to support the functional connectivity among the task-related regions...
  55. ncbi Frontal lobe mechanisms that resolve proactive interference
    David Badre
    Department of Psychology and Neurosciences Program, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Cereb Cortex 15:2003-12. 2005
    ..Collectively, these results serve to specify and constrain proposed models of PI resolution...
  56. ncbi A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of working memory abnormalities in schizophrenia
    Matthew R Johnson
    Olin Neuropsychiatry Research Center, The Institute of Living at Hartford Hospital, Hartford, CT, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 60:11-21. 2006
    ..We examined neural function changes at several WM loads to derive a more complete picture of WM dysfunction in schizophrenia...
  57. ncbi Meta-analyzing left hemisphere language areas: phonology, semantics, and sentence processing
    M Vigneau
    Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, UMR 6194, CNRS CEA Caen and Paris 5 Universities, GIP Cyceron, Boulevard Henri Becquerel, BP 5229, 14074 Caen Cedex, France
    Neuroimage 30:1414-32. 2006
    ..These results argue for large-scale architecture networks rather than modular organization of language in the left hemisphere...
  58. ncbi Functional frontoparietal connectivity during short-term memory as revealed by high-resolution EEG coherence analysis
    Claudio Babiloni
    Dipartimento di Fisiologia Umana e Farmacologia, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Behav Neurosci 118:687-97. 2004
    ..In conclusion, frontoparietal connectivity would optimize "representational" memory during STM. In this context, the frontal areas would increase their influence on parietal areas for memory retention...
  59. ncbi A within-subjects, within-task demonstration of intact spatial reference memory and impaired spatial working memory in glutamate receptor-A-deficient mice
    Wolfram B Schmitt
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3UD, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 23:3953-9. 2003
    ....
  60. ncbi Visual search remains efficient when visual working memory is full
    G F Woodman
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242 1407, USA
    Psychol Sci 12:219-24. 2001
    ..These results suggest that visual search requires minimal visual working memory resources, a conclusion that is inconsistent with theories that propose a close link between attention and working memory...
  61. ncbi Evidence for quantitative domain dominance for verbal and spatial working memory in frontal and parietal cortex
    Henrik Walter
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Ulm, Germany
    Cortex 39:897-911. 2003
    ..The concept of domain dominance is discussed in the light of recent theories of prefrontal cortex function...
  62. ncbi Modality-specific processing streams in verbal working memory: evidence from spatio-temporal patterns of brain activity
    D S Ruchkin
    Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore 21201 1559, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 6:95-113. 1997
    ....
  63. ncbi Working memory in primate sensory systems
    Tatiana Pasternak
    Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, Center for Visual Science, Box 603, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14642, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:97-107. 2005
    ..These circuits seem to have a dual function: precise sensory encoding and short-term storage of this information. New results provide insights into how activity in these circuits represents the remembered sensory stimuli...
  64. ncbi Distributed cortical systems in visual short-term memory revealed by event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging
    Matthias H J Munk
    Max Planck Institut für Hirnforschung, Deutschordenstrasse 46, D 60528 Frankfurt, Germany
    Cereb Cortex 12:866-76. 2002
    ..These modulations confirmed a posterior-anterior and right-left dissociation for spatial versus non-spatial memory and revealed that conjunction memory does not rely on a linear addition of the component processes...
  65. ncbi Working memory controls involuntary attention switching: evidence from an auditory distraction paradigm
    Stefan Berti
    Institut für Allgemeine Psychologie, Universitat Leipzig, Seeburgstr 14 20, D 04103 Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
    Eur J Neurosci 17:1119-22. 2003
    ..The present data suggest that working memory is able to coordinate the maintenance of distractibility and the focus on the task at hand...
  66. ncbi Event-related potential measures of visual working memory
    Trafton W Drew
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403 1227, USA
    Clin EEG Neurosci 37:286-91. 2006
    ..This component is sensitive to an individual's working memory capacity and may provide a window into the operations of this central cognitive construct...
  67. ncbi A combination of caffeine and taurine has no effect on short term memory but induces changes in heart rate and mean arterial blood pressure
    A Bichler
    Biology Core Curriculum, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Amino Acids 31:471-6. 2006
    ..We investigated the combined effects of Red Bull's two active ingredients, caffeine and taurine, on short term memory. Studies on the effects of these two neuromodulators on memory have yielded mixed results, and their ..
  68. ncbi Effects of neuromodulation in a cortical network model of object working memory dominated by recurrent inhibition
    N Brunel
    LPS, Ecole Normale Superieure, 24 rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
    J Comput Neurosci 11:63-85. 2001
    ..The present study therefore points to several mechanisms that enhance the signal-to-noise ratio in working memory states. These mechanisms could be implemented in the prefrontal cortex by dopaminergic projections from the midbrain...
  69. pmc The role of working memory representations in the control of attention
    Geoffrey F Woodman
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240 1103, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:i118-24. 2007
    ....
  70. ncbi Functional-anatomic correlates of control processes in memory
    Randy L Buckner
    Department of Psychology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute at Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    J Neurosci 23:3999-4004. 2003
  71. pmc Stimulus-specific delay activity in human primary visual cortex
    John T Serences
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Psychol Sci 20:207-14. 2009
    ....
  72. ncbi A comparison of auditory and visual distraction effects: behavioral and event-related indices
    S Berti
    Institut für Allgemeine Psychologie, Universitat Leipzig, Seeburgstr 14 20, D 04103, Leipzig, Germany
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 10:265-73. 2001
    ..Moreover, the results suggest that in both tasks irrelevant deviants were detected by modality-specific processes which caused an attention shift...
  73. ncbi Phase-coupling of theta-gamma EEG rhythms during short-term memory processing
    B Schack
    Institute of Medical Statistics, Computer Science and Documentation, University of Jena, Jahnstr 3, D 07740, Jena, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 44:143-63. 2002
    ..This finding is interpreted as an EEG aspect of the functional linking between the prefrontal areas and the G.cinguli (as part of the limbic system), which are both extremely important for memory functions...
  74. ncbi Co-administration of N-acetylcysteine, vitamin B12 and folate in cognitively impaired hyperhomocysteinaemic patients
    Andrew McCaddon
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 20:998-1000. 2005
  75. pmc Delays in neural processing during working memory encoding in normal aging
    Theodore P Zanto
    Department of Neurology, W M Keck Foundation Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA
    Neuropsychologia 48:13-25. 2010
    ..These results suggest that the presence of both generalized feature-based and feature-specific deficits in the speed of selective encoding of information contributes to WM performance deficits in older adults...
  76. ncbi Functional Interaction Between NMDA and mGlu5 Receptors: Effects on Working Memory, Instrumental Learning, Motor Behaviors, and Dopamine Release
    Houman Homayoun
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Neuropsychopharmacology 29:1259-69. 2004
    ..By extension, these results suggest that pharmacological potentiation of mGlu5 receptors may ameliorate the cognitive and other behavioral abnormalities associated with NMDA receptor deficiency...
  77. ncbi Improved short-term spatial memory but impaired reversal learning following the dopamine D(2) agonist bromocriptine in human volunteers
    M A Mehta
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, UK
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 159:10-20. 2001
    ..Studies in humans of cognitive effects of dopaminergic drugs have largely focused on tasks of working memory, with a few studies also examining executive function...
  78. ncbi Reward modulation of prefrontal and visual association cortex during an incentive working memory task
    Daniel C Krawczyk
    Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute and Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, USA
    Brain Res 1141:168-77. 2007
    ....
  79. ncbi Speed selectivity in visual short term memory for motion
    D J McKeefry
    Division of Optometry, School of Life Sciences, University of Bradford, Bradford BD7 1DP, UK
    Vision Res 47:2418-25. 2007
    ..attributes are important in the storage of information about the speed of moving grating stimuli in visual short term memory (VSTM)...
  80. pmc Polymorphisms in human dopamine D2 receptor gene affect gene expression, splicing, and neuronal activity during working memory
    Ying Zhang
    Program in Pharmacogenomics, Department of Pharmacology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:20552-7. 2007
    ..Our results identify regulatory DRD2 polymorphisms that modify mRNA expression and splicing and working memory pathways...
  81. ncbi Dopamine D2 receptor occupancy levels of acute sulpiride challenges that produce working memory and learning impairments in healthy volunteers
    Mitul A Mehta
    PET Psychiatry Group, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Hospital Imperial College, London, W12 0NN, UK
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 196:157-65. 2008
    ..DA receptor occupancy could clearly contribute to the variance in findings, although this is typically not known...
  82. pmc Audiospatial and visuospatial working memory in 6-13 year old school children
    Virve Vuontela
    Institute of Biomedicine Physiology, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Learn Mem 10:74-81. 2003
    ..The differences observed between the mastering of auditory and visual working memory tasks may indicate that visual working memory reaches functional maturity earlier than the corresponding auditory system...
  83. ncbi Human dorsal and ventral auditory streams subserve rehearsal-based and echoic processes during verbal working memory
    Bradley R Buchsbaum
    National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Intramural Research Program, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Neuron 48:687-97. 2005
    ..These argue for separate contributions of ventral and dorsal auditory streams in verbal working memory...
  84. ncbi Dissociation of function between the dorsal and the ventral hippocampus in spatial learning abilities of the rat: a within-subject, within-task comparison of reference and working spatial memory
    Helen H J Pothuizen
    Behavioural Neurobiology Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Schorenstrasse 16, CH 8603 Schwerzenbach, Switzerland
    Eur J Neurosci 19:705-12. 2004
    ..These results lend further support to the existence of a functional dissociation between the dorsal and the ventral hippocampus, with the former being preferentially involved in spatial learning...
  85. ncbi The effect of moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) on different aspects of memory: a selective review
    Eli Vakil
    Department of Psychology, and the Leslie and Susan Gonda Goldschmied Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 27:977-1021. 2005
    ..Such a research approach has the potential of explaining much of the variability in findings reported in the literature on the effect of TBI on memory...
  86. ncbi Functional connectivity reveals load dependent neural systems underlying encoding and maintenance in verbal working memory
    T S Woodward
    Room 105, Department of Research, Administration Building, Riverview Hospital, 2601 Lougheed Highway, Coquitlam, B C, Canada V3C 4J2
    Neuroscience 139:317-25. 2006
    ....
  87. ncbi Modality effects in verbal working memory: differential prefrontal and parietal responses to auditory and visual stimuli
    S Crottaz-Herbette
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Neuroimage 21:340-51. 2004
    ....
  88. ncbi Transient and selective overexpression of dopamine D2 receptors in the striatum causes persistent abnormalities in prefrontal cortex functioning
    Christoph Kellendonk
    Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Neuron 49:603-15. 2006
    ..We found that D2R overexpression in the striatum impacts dopamine levels, rates of dopamine turnover, and activation of D1 receptors in the prefrontal cortex, measures that are critical for working memory...
  89. ncbi Functional brain mapping of the macaque related to spatial working memory as revealed by PET
    Masato Inoue
    Department of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Kanrin, Inuyama, Aichi 484 8506, Japan
    Cereb Cortex 14:106-19. 2004
    ....
  90. ncbi Functional imaging of working memory in obstructive sleep-disordered breathing
    Robert J Thomas
    Division of Pulmonary Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, CC 866, Sleep Unit, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 98:2226-34. 2005
    ..There may be dissociations between respiratory vs. cortical recovery and objective vs. subjective recovery. Hypofrontality may provide a plausible biological mechanism for a clinical overlap with disorders of mood and attention...
  91. ncbi DISC1 and neurocognitive function in schizophrenia
    Katherine E Burdick
    Department of Psychiatry Research, The Zucker Hillside Hospital, North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, Glen Oaks, New York, USA
    Neuroreport 16:1399-402. 2005
    ..These data suggest that DISC1 is associated with neurocognitive functioning in schizophrenia...
  92. ncbi Recruitment of parvalbumin-positive interneurons determines hippocampal function and associated behavior
    Elke C Fuchs
    Department of Clinical Neurobiology, University Hospital of Neurology, IZN, Im Neuenheimer Feld 364, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Neuron 53:591-604. 2007
    ..These findings directly show the effects of insufficient recruitment of fast-spiking cells at the network and behavioral level and demonstrate the role of this subpopulation for working and episodic-like memory...
  93. pmc Critical role of the hippocampus in memory for sequences of events
    Norbert J Fortin
    Laboratory of Cognitive Neurobiology, Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Nat Neurosci 5:458-62. 2002
    ..These findings support the hypothesis that hippocampal networks mediate associations between sequential events that constitute elements of an episodic memory...
  94. ncbi Activity of neurons in cortical area MT during a memory for motion task
    James W Bisley
    Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy and Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14642, USA
    J Neurophysiol 91:286-300. 2004
    ..These results support the hypothesis that MT neurons actively participate in the successful execution of all aspects of the task requiring processing and remembering visual motion...
  95. ncbi Load theory of selective attention and cognitive control
    Nilli Lavie
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Gen 133:339-54. 2004
    ..This theory resolves the long-standing early versus late selection debate and clarifies the role of cognitive control in selective attention...
  96. ncbi Prefrontal cortex dysfunction during working memory performance in schizophrenia: reconciling discrepant findings
    Dara S Manoach
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital East and Harvard Medical School, 36 First Avenue, Room 420, 02129, Charlestown, MA, USA
    Schizophr Res 60:285-98. 2003
    ..In combination with other techniques, neuroimaging can identify the neural circuitry responsible for WM deficits and elucidate the contribution of each anatomical component...
  97. ncbi Neuronal correlates of parametric working memory in the prefrontal cortex
    R Romo
    Instituto de Fisiologia Celular, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico DF
    Nature 399:470-3. 1999
    ..Thus we predict that other behavioural tasks that require ordinal comparisons between scalar analogue stimuli would give rise to monotonic responses similar to those reported here...
  98. ncbi A functional neuroimaging study of motivation and executive function
    Stephan F Taylor
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0118, USA
    Neuroimage 21:1045-54. 2004
    ..Areas of overlap and interaction may integrate information about value, or they may represent a general effect of motivation increasing neural effort...
  99. ncbi Selective storage and maintenance of an object's features in visual working memory
    Geoffrey F Woodman
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37240 1103, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 15:223-9. 2008
    ..These experiments show that individuals can control which features of an object are selectively stored in working memory...
  100. doi The search for the phonological store: from loop to convolution
    Bradley R Buchsbaum
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3190, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:762-78. 2008
    ....
  101. ncbi An area specialized for spatial working memory in human frontal cortex
    S M Courtney
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, Building 10, Room 4C104, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892 1366, USA
    Science 279:1347-51. 1998
    ..This area is located more superiorly and posteriorly in the human than in the monkey brain, which may explain why it was not recognized previously...

Research Grants84

  1. The Functional Neurobiology of Cannabinoids in Brain
    EDWARD FRENCH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Memory, Thiamine Levels, and Brain Structure in Heart Failure
    MARY ANN WOO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  3. Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical Illness
    Eva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Novel therapy for monoamine neurotransmitter deficiency in PKU
    Cary O Harding; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our hypothesis is that one or more of these novel therapies will restore dopamine and serotonin content in brain of Pahenu2 mice and lead to observable improvement in their behavior. ..
  5. Arm Motor Rehabilitation, Entertainment and Cognition System for the Elderly
    Grigore C Burdea; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The product facilitates a single-point-of-care therapy that reduces health care costs. ..
  6. Remediation of Word Processing and Short-Term Memory Deficits in Aphasia
    Nadine Martin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The efficacy of the treatment will be examined with probes of acquisition and maintenance in a multiple baseline across multiple stimuli design, and with comparisons of pre- and post-test ..
  7. Memory, Thiamine Levels, and Brain Structure in Heart Failure
    Mary Woo; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  8. CRCNS: Gamma Rhythms and Cell Assemblies
    Nancy Kopell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..They are believed to be important for a range of functions, including attention, early sensory processing, short term memory, motor activity...
  9. CRCNS: Gamma Rhythms and Cell Assemblies
    Nancy Kopell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..They are believed to be important for a range of functions, including attention, early sensory processing, short term memory, motor activity...
  10. CRCNS: Gamma Rhythms and Cell Assemblies
    Nancy Kopell; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..They are believed to be important for a range of functions, including attention, early sensory processing, short term memory, motor activity...
  11. CB1 Receptor Regulation by Cannabinoid Receptor Interacting Protein CRIP1a
    DANA E contact SELLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  12. CB1 Receptor Regulation by Cannabinoid Receptor Interacting Protein CRIP1a
    Dana Selley; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  13. PRINCIPLES OF REINFORCEMENT
    Peter Killeen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The value of this RSA accrues both to the PI in terms of the new quantitative skills he will acquire, and to the field in the new interpretation of memory and performance he offers. ..
  14. PRINCIPLES OF REINFORCEMENT
    Peter Killeen; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The value of this RSA accrues both to the PI in terms of the new quantitative skills he will acquire, and to the field in the new interpretation of memory and performance he offers. ..
  15. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF CUTANEOUS SPATIAL INTEGRATION
    Esther P Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  16. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF CUTANEOUS SPATIAL INTEGRATION
    ESTHER GARDNER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  17. BIOCHEMICAL MECHANISMS UNDERLYING IMPAIRED ATTENTION
    TIMOTHY BOHAN; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..different components of attention including selective and sustained attention, disinhibition as well as short term memory and fine-motor skills...
  18. Mechanisms of Ubiquitin Trafficking in Neurons
    Marie W Wooten; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..mice causes oxidative stress leading to Alzheimer-like characteristics such as tau-phosphorylation, loss of short term memory and synaptic plasticity, reduced serum BDNF, depression, anxiety, along with accumulation of highly ..
  19. In vivo methods for preclinical analysis of cognitive therapies for schizophrenia
    JONATHAN MAX LEVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The cognitive deficits in schizophrenia include impaired attention and disruption of an essential type of short term memory called working memory...
  20. In vivo methods for preclinical analysis of cognitive therapies for schizophrenia
    Jonathan Levenson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The cognitive deficits in schizophrenia include impaired attention and disruption of an essential type of short term memory called working memory...
  21. VISUAL-SPATIAL PROPERTIES OF AREA SEVEN NEURONS
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Finally, we will study the time- course of the integration of eye position and visual signals by these cells and compare it to the time-course for perceptual recalibration for spatial position in humans...
  22. NE Signal Transduction in Classical Conditioning
    Paula Bickford; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Specific Objective 3: Hypothesis: NE and PKA lead to significant downstream alterations in signaling molecules. ..
  23. NE Signal Transduction in Classical Conditioning
    Paula Bickford; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Specific Objective 3: Hypothesis: NE and PKA lead to significant downstream alterations in signaling molecules. ..
  24. NE Signal Transduction in Classical Conditioning
    Paula Bickford; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Specific Objective 3: Hypothesis: NE and PKA lead to significant downstream alterations in signaling molecules. ..
  25. RNAi therapy for Huntingtons disease: safety & efficacy in the nonhuman primate
    Jodi L McBride; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Testing the utility of RNA interference in a nonhuman primate model of HD is a necessary and key step towards its potential use in the clinic. ..
  26. DRUGS OF ABUSE AND COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR
    GALEN WENGER; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  27. NE Signal Transduction in Classical Conditioning
    Paula Bickford; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Specific Objective 3: Hypothesis: NE and PKA lead to significant downstream alterations in signaling molecules. ..
  28. Remediation of Word Processing and Short-Term Memory Deficits in Aphasia
    Nadine Martin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  29. The Functional Neurobiology of Cannabinoids in Brain
    EDWARD FRENCH; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. The Functional Neurobiology of Cannabinoids in Brain
    EDWARD FRENCH; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. The Functional Neurobiology of Cannabinoids in Brain
    EDWARD FRENCH; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. The Functional Neurobiology of Cannabinoids in Brain
    EDWARD FRENCH; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. HIPPOCAMPAL SYSTEM FUNCTION ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING
    John Disterhoft; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The short term memory load will be manipulated by increasing the trace interval to determine if this affects neuronal processing ..
  34. MODULATION OF NEUROTRANSMITTER RELEASE BY CANNABINOIDS
    Andrew Gifford; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Furthermore, these experiments will give information on the mode of action of cannabinoid antagonists and could suggest novel therapeutic uses for this new class of compounds. ..
  35. MODULATION OF NEUROTRANSMITTER RELEASE BY CANNABINOIDS
    Andrew Gifford; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Furthermore, these experiments will give information on the mode of action of cannabinoid antagonists and could suggest novel therapeutic uses for this new class of compounds. ..
  36. MODULATION OF NEUROTRANSMITTER RELEASE BY CANNABINOIDS
    Andrew Gifford; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Furthermore, these experiments will give information on the mode of action of cannabinoid antagonists and could suggest novel therapeutic uses for this new class of compounds. ..
  37. HIPPOCAMPAL SYSTEM FUNCTION ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING
    John Disterhoft; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The short term memory load will be manipulated by increasing the trace interval to determine if this affects neuronal processing ..
  38. MODULATION OF NEUROTRANSMITTER RELEASE BY CANNABINOIDS
    Andrew Gifford; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Furthermore, these experiments will give information on the mode of action of cannabinoid antagonists and could suggest novel therapeutic uses for this new class of compounds. ..
  39. MODULATION OF NEUROTRANSMITTER RELEASE BY CANNABINOIDS
    Andrew Gifford; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Furthermore, these experiments will give information on the mode of action of cannabinoid antagonists and could suggest novel therapeutic uses for this new class of compounds. ..
  40. A Familial Study of Severe Phonology Disorders
    Barbara Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This project will provide life-span data that is needed to determine full significance of early SSD for the later functioning of this population and identify factors that influence adolescent/young adult outcomes. ..
  41. ETHANOL AND AMNESIC DRUGS IN P AND NP RATS
    GALEN WENGER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..If they are, it will provide additional potential insight into the role that cognitive processes play in alcohol dependence. ..
  42. ETHANOL AND AMNESIC DRUGS IN P AND NP RATS
    GALEN WENGER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..If they are, it will provide additional potential insight into the role that cognitive processes play in alcohol dependence. ..
  43. Benzodiazepine Use/Abuse: Effects on Memory Mechanisms
    MIRIAM MINTZER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Information from this project can also be used to develop cognitive rehabilitation programs and to tailor drug abuse and anxiety treatment interventions to the specific capabilities of long-term users. ..
  44. Benzodiazepine Use/Abuse: Effects on Memory Mechanisms
    MIRIAM MINTZER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Information from this project can also be used to develop cognitive rehabilitation programs and to tailor drug abuse and anxiety treatment interventions to the specific capabilities of long-term users. ..
  45. Benzodiazepine Use/Abuse: Effects on Memory Mechanisms
    MIRIAM MINTZER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Information from this project can also be used to develop cognitive rehabilitation programs and to tailor drug abuse and anxiety treatment interventions to the specific capabilities of long-term users. ..
  46. Contribution of emotional memory to social cognition in aging
    Haiyin Chen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Understanding its normal function and changes between the young and old amygdala will be a critical step toward finding effective treatments for these diseases. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. Benzodiazepine Use/Abuse: Effects on Memory Mechanisms
    MIRIAM MINTZER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Information from this project can also be used to develop cognitive rehabilitation programs and to tailor drug abuse and anxiety treatment interventions to the specific capabilities of long-term users. ..
  48. NEURONAL INTEGRATION IN CEREBELLAR SYSTEMS
    Vlastislav Bracha; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  49. NEURONAL INTEGRATION IN CEREBELLAR SYSTEMS
    Vlastislav Bracha; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  50. NEURONAL INTEGRATION IN CEREBELLAR SYSTEMS
    JAMES BLOEDEL; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  51. NEUROLOGY OF MEMORY
    Stuart Zola; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..A finding that hippocampal damage effects spatial memory to the same degree as do larger lesions would suggest that the hippocampus has a special role in spatial memory. ..
  52. NEUROLOGY OF MEMORY
    Stuart Zola; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A finding that hippocampal damage effects spatial memory to the same degree as do larger lesions would suggest that the hippocampus has a special role in spatial memory. ..
  53. NEUROLOGY OF MEMORY
    Stuart Zola; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..A finding that hippocampal damage effects spatial memory to the same degree as do larger lesions would suggest that the hippocampus has a special role in spatial memory. ..
  54. NEUROLOGY OF MEMORY
    Stuart Zola; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A finding that hippocampal damage effects spatial memory to the same degree as do larger lesions would suggest that the hippocampus has a special role in spatial memory. ..
  55. NEURONAL INTEGRATION IN CEREBELLAR SYSTEMS
    Vlastislav Bracha; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  56. NEUROLOGY OF MEMORY
    Stuart Zola; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..A finding that hippocampal damage effects spatial memory to the same degree as do larger lesions would suggest that the hippocampus has a special role in spatial memory. ..
  57. NEURONAL INTEGRATION IN CEREBELLAR SYSTEMS
    Vlastislav Bracha; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  58. NEUROLOGY OF MEMORY
    Stuart Zola; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..A finding that hippocampal damage effects spatial memory to the same degree as do larger lesions would suggest that the hippocampus has a special role in spatial memory...
  59. Behavioral and neural mechanisms of visual short-term memory
    WHEE KY MA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Here, we propose to better characterize, through experiment and theory, the behavioral and neural mechanisms underlying visual short-term memory, with the eventual goal of improving the diagnosis and treatment of these disorders. ..
  60. Visual Short Term Memory in Infancy
    LISA OAKES; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These experiments will provide an important foundation for the study of short-term memory in infancy. ..
  61. Visual Short Term Memory in Infancy
    LISA OAKES; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These experiments will provide an important foundation for the study of short-term memory in infancy. ..
  62. BIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF VOCAL LEARNING
    ROBERT DOOLING; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  63. HUMAN EXPOSURE TO PCBS: CONGENERS & DEVELOPMENTAL EFFECT
    Joseph Jacobson; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Developmental outcomes will be assessed in relation to both current body burden and previously ascertained cord blood and maternal milk PCB levels to evaluate the relative contributions of intrauterine and postnatal exposures...
  64. BIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF VOCAL LEARNING
    ROBERT DOOLING; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  65. BIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF VOCAL LEARNING
    ROBERT DOOLING; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  66. PREFRONTAL AMYGDALA INTERACTIONS IN FEAR CONDITIONING
    GREGORY QUIRK; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..A detailed knowledge of the circuits and pharmacology of fear extinction could improve current exposure-based treatments for PTSD and phobias, which rely on extinction learning. ..
  67. SHORT-TERM MEMORY AND SYNTACTIC DEFICITS IN APHASIA
    Randi Martin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  68. SHORT-TERM MEMORY AND SYNTACTIC DEFICITS IN APHASIA
    Randi Martin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  69. PREFRONTAL AMYGDALA INTERACTIONS IN FEAR CONDITIONING
    GREGORY QUIRK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A detailed knowledge of the circuits and pharmacology of fear extinction could improve current exposure-based treatments for PTSD and phobias, which rely on extinction learning. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  70. SHORT-TERM MEMORY AND SYNTACTIC DEFICITS IN APHASIA
    Randi Martin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  71. SHORT-TERM MEMORY AND SYNTACTIC DEFICITS IN APHASIA
    Randi Martin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  72. SHORT-TERM MEMORY AND SYNTACTIC DEFICITS IN APHASIA
    Randi Martin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  73. EFFECTS OF PRENATAL COCAINE USE: 15-YEAR FOLLOW-UP
    GALE RICHARDSON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  74. EFFECTS OF PRENATAL COCAINE USE: 15-YEAR FOLLOW-UP
    GALE RICHARDSON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  75. EFFECTS OF PRENATAL COCAINE USE: 15-YEAR FOLLOW-UP
    GALE RICHARDSON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  76. EFFECTS OF PRENATAL COCAINE USE: 15-YEAR FOLLOW-UP
    GALE RICHARDSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  77. EFFECTS OF PRENATAL COCAINE USE: 15-YEAR FOLLOW-UP
    GALE RICHARDSON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  78. Early Development with Williams or Down Syndrome
    CAROLYN MERVIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results also will increase the research foundation for the design of language, social skills, and reading intervention for school age children with developmental or intellectual disabilities. PROJECT/ ..
  79. Early Development with Williams or Down Syndrome
    Carolyn B Mervis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results also will increase the research foundation for the design of language, social skills, and reading intervention for school age children with developmental or intellectual disabilities. PROJECT/ ..
  80. Cognitive impact of iterictal spikes in temporal lobe epilepsy
    JONATHAN KLEEN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our ultimate goal is to discern whether interictal spikes have the potential to significantly impact patient quality of life, and consequently if their presence should be factored in to clinical treatment decisions. ..