stimulus generalization

Summary

Summary: The tendency to react to stimuli that are different from, but somewhat similar to, the stimulus used as a conditioned stimulus.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Exemplar and prototype models revisited: response strategies, selective attention, and stimulus generalization
    Robert M Nosofsky
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 28:924-40. 2002
  2. ncbi Training of somatosensory discrimination after stroke: facilitation of stimulus generalization
    Leeanne M Carey
    National Stroke Research Institute, Heidelberg West, Victoria, Australia
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 84:428-42. 2005
  3. ncbi Contextual modulation of stimulus generalization in rats
    James Close
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 35:509-15. 2009
  4. ncbi Different thresholds for detection and discrimination of odors in the honey bee (Apis mellifera)
    Geraldine A Wright
    Department of Entomology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    Chem Senses 29:127-35. 2004
  5. ncbi Fruits and vegetables categorized: an application of the generalized context model
    Tim Smits
    University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Psychon Bull Rev 9:836-44. 2002
  6. ncbi What does it look like and what can it do? Category structure influences how infants categorize
    Jessica S Horst
    University of Iowa, Iowa City, 52242, USA
    Child Dev 76:614-31. 2005
  7. pmc Stimulus control topographies and tests of symmetry in pigeons
    Karen M Lionello-DeNolf
    Purdue University, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 78:467-95. 2002
  8. pmc Contextual control of stimulus generalization and stimulus equivalence in hierarchical categorization
    Karen Griffee
    Department of Psychology, Concord College, Athens, West Virginia 24712, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 78:433-47. 2002
  9. pmc Failure to find evidence of stimulus generalization within pictorial categories in pigeons
    Jennifer E Sutton
    Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    J Exp Anal Behav 78:333-43. 2002
  10. ncbi Acquired equivalence and distinctiveness of cues: II. Neural manipulations and their implications
    E Coutureau
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3YG, Wales, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 28:388-96. 2002

Research Grants

  1. Similarity and Generalization in Category Learning
    Matthew Jones; Fiscal Year: 2006
  2. CHEMICAL/BEHAVIORAL STUDIES ON HALLUCINOGENIC AGENTS
    RICHARD GLENNON; Fiscal Year: 1999
  3. Functional Organization of the Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis
    DENIS PARE; Fiscal Year: 2012
  4. B CARBOLINE HALLUCINOGENS
    RICHARD GLENNON; Fiscal Year: 1999
  5. INVESTIGATION OF TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL RECEPTORS
    Billy Martin; Fiscal Year: 1990
  6. AN INVESTIGATION OF THC RECEPTORS
    Billy Martin; Fiscal Year: 1992
  7. AN INVESTIGATION OF THC RECEPTORS
    Billy Martin; Fiscal Year: 1993
  8. CHEMICAL/BEHAVIORAL STUDIES ON HALLUCINOGENIC AGENTS
    RICHARD GLENNON; Fiscal Year: 1992
  9. Generalization of Conditioned Fear as a Pathogenic Marker of PTSD
    SHMUEL MORDECHAI LISSEK; Fiscal Year: 2010
  10. ESTABLISHING FUNCTIONAL LEXICAL RETRIEVAL IN APHASIA
    CRAIG LINEBAUGH; Fiscal Year: 1992

Detail Information

Publications176 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Exemplar and prototype models revisited: response strategies, selective attention, and stimulus generalization
    Robert M Nosofsky
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 28:924-40. 2002
    ..s experimental results. Furthermore, the exemplar model predicts classification performance better than the prototype models when novel transfer stimuli are included in the experimental designs...
  2. ncbi Training of somatosensory discrimination after stroke: facilitation of stimulus generalization
    Leeanne M Carey
    National Stroke Research Institute, Heidelberg West, Victoria, Australia
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 84:428-42. 2005
    ..We therefore investigated spontaneous and procedurally facilitated transfer of training effects within the somatosensory domain after stroke...
  3. ncbi Contextual modulation of stimulus generalization in rats
    James Close
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 35:509-15. 2009
    ..Experiment 2 confirmed and extended these findings. These results provide support for the connectionist analysis outlined above and are consistent with the application of this approach to the acquired equivalence/distinctiveness of cues...
  4. ncbi Different thresholds for detection and discrimination of odors in the honey bee (Apis mellifera)
    Geraldine A Wright
    Department of Entomology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    Chem Senses 29:127-35. 2004
    ....
  5. ncbi Fruits and vegetables categorized: an application of the generalized context model
    Tim Smits
    University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Psychon Bull Rev 9:836-44. 2002
    ....
  6. ncbi What does it look like and what can it do? Category structure influences how infants categorize
    Jessica S Horst
    University of Iowa, Iowa City, 52242, USA
    Child Dev 76:614-31. 2005
    ..The results are discussed in terms of models of category learning...
  7. pmc Stimulus control topographies and tests of symmetry in pigeons
    Karen M Lionello-DeNolf
    Purdue University, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 78:467-95. 2002
    ....
  8. pmc Contextual control of stimulus generalization and stimulus equivalence in hierarchical categorization
    Karen Griffee
    Department of Psychology, Concord College, Athens, West Virginia 24712, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 78:433-47. 2002
    ..would result from a combination of contextually controlled conditional discrimination training, stimulus generalization, and stimulus equivalence...
  9. pmc Failure to find evidence of stimulus generalization within pictorial categories in pigeons
    Jennifer E Sutton
    Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    J Exp Anal Behav 78:333-43. 2002
    ..These findings argue against a process of automatic stimulus generalization within natural categories and in favor of the position that category distinctions are not made until ..
  10. ncbi Acquired equivalence and distinctiveness of cues: II. Neural manipulations and their implications
    E Coutureau
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3YG, Wales, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 28:388-96. 2002
    ..This effect was also evident in HPC rats but not in EC rats. These results indicate that changes in stimulus distinctiveness are dissociable from the process of conditional learning...
  11. ncbi Stimulus control by same-versus-different relations among multiple visual stimuli
    Edward A Wasserman
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52245, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 28:347-57. 2002
    ..Same-different discrimination was evident with 2-item displays, but it was much stronger with 6 or more items. These findings help to define the substrates of advanced conceptual behavior...
  12. ncbi It's a sign of the kind: gestures and words guide infants' inductive inferences
    Susan A Graham
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada
    Dev Psychol 43:1111-23. 2007
    ..By 22-months of age, infants treat words as a privileged referential form when making inductive inferences...
  13. ncbi Adaptive categorization in unsupervised learning
    John P Clapper
    Department of Psychology, Humboldt State University, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 28:908-23. 2002
    ..The results are explained in terms of J. R. Anderson's (1990, 1991) rational model of categorization, and extensions of this analysis for real-world learning are discussed...
  14. doi Perceptual visual grouping under inattention: electrophysiological functional imaging
    Irene Razpurker-Apfeld
    Evoked Potentials Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
    Brain Cogn 67:183-96. 2008
    ..These results support the distinction of grouping patterns differing in complexity of shape formation...
  15. ncbi Ability of honeybee, Apis mellifera, to detect and discriminate odors of varieties of canola (Brassica rapa and Brassica napus) and snapdragon flowers (Antirrhinum majus)
    Geraldine A Wright
    Department of Entomology, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210 1220, USA
    J Chem Ecol 28:721-40. 2002
    ..Our study suggests that both intensity and odor quality affect the ability of honeybees to differentiate among floral perfumes...
  16. ncbi Object categorization: reversals and explanations of the basic-level advantage
    Timothy T Rogers
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 15206, US
    J Exp Psychol Gen 136:451-69. 2007
    ..Implications for theories of visual object recognition are discussed...
  17. ncbi When induction meets memory: evidence for gradual transition from similarity-based to category-based induction
    Anna V Fisher
    Center for Cognitive Science, The Ohio State University, Columbus, 43210, USA
    Child Dev 76:583-97. 2005
    ..With novel categories, even adults performed similarity-based induction, exhibiting high memory accuracy (Experiment 4). These results suggest a gradual transition from similarity- to category-based induction with familiar categories...
  18. ncbi Do 9-month-old infants expect distinct words to refer to kinds?
    Kathryn Dewar
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Dev Psychol 43:1227-38. 2007
    ..Because the property of shape is a cue to kind membership and the property of color is not, these results suggest that even at the beginning of word learning, infants may expect distinct labels to refer to distinct kinds of objects...
  19. ncbi Stimulus properties of nicotine, amphetamine, and chlordiazepoxide as positive features in a pavlovian appetitive discrimination task in rats
    Matthew I Palmatier
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Neuropsychopharmacology 30:731-41. 2005
    ..45 mg/kg) and amphetamine (ED50 = 3.70 mg/kg), but not for CDP. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that drug states can occasion appetitive Pavlovian CRs in a pharmacologically specific manner...
  20. ncbi Latent timing in human conditioned avoidance
    Mikaël Molet
    Unite de Formation et de Recherche de Psychologie, University of Lille 3, France
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 33:476-83. 2007
    ..These results show that participants time both S+ and S- signals in human conditioned avoidance, and they further suggest that the timing of a cue is independent of reinforcement...
  21. ncbi The training and transfer of real-world perceptual expertise
    James W Tanaka
    Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    Psychol Sci 16:145-51. 2005
    ..These findings suggest that perceptual categorization, not perceptual exposure per se, is important for the development and generalization of visual expertise...
  22. ncbi Visual recognition: as soon as you know it is there, you know what it is
    Kalanit Grill-Spector
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:152-60. 2005
    ..These findings place powerful constraints on theories of object recognition...
  23. pmc Transformation of the discriminative and eliciting functions of generalized relational stimuli
    Michael J Dougher
    University of New Mexico, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 88:179-97. 2007
    ..Results indicated that the relational training procedures produced derived relations among the stimuli used in training and that these allowed correct inferences of relative size ranking among novel stimuli...
  24. ncbi Brief communication: the role of category structure in determining the effects of stimulus preexposure on categorization accuracy
    A J Wills
    University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol B 57:79-88. 2004
    ..The results are predicted by salience reduction accounts of perceptual learning but may be problematic for stimulus differentiation accounts...
  25. pmc Biases towards internal features in infants' reasoning about objects
    George E Newman
    Yale University, 2 Hillhouse Avenue, New Haven, CT 06520 USA
    Cognition 107:420-32. 2008
    ..In the absence of self-generated behaviors, however, infants did not show a preference towards the internal feature...
  26. ncbi Do discrimination tasks discourage multi-dimensional stimulus processing? Evidence from a cross-modal object discrimination in rats
    Kathryn J Jeffery
    Institute of Behavioural Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University College London, 26 Bedford Way, London WC1H OAP, UK
    Behav Brain Res 183:213-21. 2007
    ..Instead, more natural tasks such as spontaneous exploration may be preferable...
  27. pmc Olfactory blocking and odorant similarity in the honeybee
    Fernando Guerrieri
    Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier Toulouse III UMR 5169, F 31062 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
    Learn Mem 12:86-95. 2005
    ..Thus, blocking is not a consistent phenomenon, nor does it depend on odor similarity...
  28. pmc Hold your horses: how exposure to different items influences infant categorization
    Kristine A Kovack-Lesh
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Exp Child Psychol 98:69-93. 2007
    ..These results are discussed in terms of how exposure to collections of different items, and how opportunities to compare items, influences infants' categorization...
  29. doi Developmental changes in children's understanding of the similarity between photographs and their referents
    David H Uttal
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 2710, USA
    Dev Sci 11:156-70. 2008
    ..Results are discussed in terms of the development of children's appreciation of different levels of similarity...
  30. pmc A procedure for generating differential "sample" responding without different exteroceptive stimuli
    Karen M Lionello-DeNolf
    Purdue University, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 79:21-35. 2003
    ..This "unsignaled response" procedure may be useful for assessing whether differential responses can be members of acquired equivalence classes...
  31. ncbi The influence of training length on generalization of visual feature assemblies in honeybees
    Silke Stach
    Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier UMR 5169, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 04, France
    Behav Brain Res 161:8-17. 2005
    ..Controlling precisely the level of experience of individuals is therefore crucial in experiments on visual recognition...
  32. doi Stimulus ambiguity elicits response conflict
    Arnaud Szmalec
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Neurosci Lett 435:158-62. 2008
    ..These results show that response conflict is also present in a regular choice RT task which is traditionally not considered to be a measure of cognitive conflict...
  33. pmc Stability of functional equivalence and stimulus equivalence: effects of baseline reversals
    Oliver Wirth
    West Virginia University, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 77:29-47. 2002
    ..The similarities and differences between stimulus equivalence and functional equivalence are related to the specific contingencies that select responding in the presence of the stimuli that form the classes...
  34. ncbi Behavioral and electrophysiological evidence of species-specific face processing
    Lisa S Scott
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:405-16. 2005
    ..These findings suggest that previous experience with different categories of faces modulates the link between behavioral and electrophysiological measures of face processing...
  35. ncbi Statistical learning within and between modalities: pitting abstract against stimulus-specific representations
    Christopher M Conway
    Department of Psychology, 1101 E 10th St, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:905-12. 2006
    ..We conclude that learning sequential structure and generalizing to novel stimuli inherently involve learning mechanisms that are closely tied to the perceptual characteristics of the input...
  36. ncbi What leads children to adopt new strategies? A microgenetic/cross-sectional study of class inclusion
    Robert S Siegler
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Child Dev 77:997-1015. 2006
    ..Reasons for the superior effectiveness of the logical explanations were discussed...
  37. ncbi Evidence that pigeons represent both time and number on a logarithmic scale
    William A Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont, Canada N6A 5C2
    Behav Processes 72:207-14. 2006
    ....
  38. ncbi Categorization of visual stimuli in the honeybee Apis mellifera
    Julie Benard
    Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale UMR 5169, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062, Toulouse Cedex 4, France
    Anim Cogn 9:257-70. 2006
    ..Although transfer from training to novel stimuli can be achieved by stimulus generalization of the training stimuli, most of these transfer tests involved clearly distinguishable stimuli for which ..
  39. ncbi When similarity and causality compete in category-based property generalization
    Bob Rehder
    Department of Psychology, New York University, NY 10003, USA
    Mem Cognit 34:3-16. 2006
    ..e., an existing category feature) is also prevalent. These findings suggest that category-based property generalization is often an instance of causal inference...
  40. ncbi Formation of category representations
    A J Wills
    University of Exeter, Washington Singer Laboratories, England
    Mem Cognit 34:17-27. 2006
    ..This hypothesis can be instantiated through the AMBRY model (Kruschke, 1996)...
  41. ncbi Specialization and semantic organization: evidence for multiple semantics linked to sensory modalities
    J Frederico Marques
    University of Lisbon, Portugal
    Mem Cognit 34:60-7. 2006
    ..The results are discussed by considering possible alternative amodal explanations and other data that have shown the influence of sensory information in conceptual processing...
  42. ncbi Exemplar similarity, study list homogeneity, and short-term perceptual recognition
    Robert M Nosofsky
    Department of Psychology, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405, USA
    Mem Cognit 34:112-24. 2006
    ..We suggest that subjects systematically adjust their response criteria on the basis of the homogeneity of the study list items...
  43. ncbi Influence of attended repetition trials on negative priming in younger and older adults
    Patricia M Simone
    Department of Psychology, Santa Clara University, CA 95053, USA
    Mem Cognit 34:187-95. 2006
    ..Memory retrieval obscured the novelty bias for target processing, was more selective in older adults, and did not affect distractor processing. Novelty bias and distractor suppression may share the same inhibitory attentional mechanism...
  44. ncbi The missing whole in perceptual models of perirhinal cortex
    Anthony D Cate
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:396-7. 2006
  45. ncbi Cue-based preparation and stimulus-based priming of tasks in task switching
    Iring Koch
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Munich, Germany
    Mem Cognit 34:433-44. 2006
    ..Further theoretical implications of these findings are discussed...
  46. ncbi The human pulvinar and stimulus-driven attentional control
    George A Michael
    Laboratoire d Etude des Mecanismes Cognitifs, Universite Lyon, France
    Behav Neurosci 119:1353-67. 2005
    ....
  47. pmc Behavioral and neuropharmacological characterization of nicotine as a conditional stimulus
    Jennifer E Murray
    Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588 0308, USA
    Eur J Pharmacol 561:91-104. 2007
    ..In contrast, MK-801 decreased goal tracking on nicotine without decreasing chamber activity, indicating a role for N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors in expression of nicotine-evoked conditioned responding...
  48. pmc Transfer effects in task-set cost and dual-task cost after dual-task training in older and younger adults: further evidence for cognitive plasticity in attentional control in late adulthood
    Louis Bherer
    Department of Psychology, University of Quebec at Montreal and Institut Universitaire de Geriatrie de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Exp Aging Res 34:188-219. 2008
    ..These results suggest that dual-task skills can be substantially improved in older adults and that cognitive plasticity in attentional control is still possible in old age...
  49. ncbi Regularity of symmetry verticality guides perceptual judgments of objects
    Diane J Schiano
    Palo Alto Research Center, CA 94304, USA
    Am J Psychol 121:209-27. 2008
    ..Findings support use of a family of perceptual heuristics corresponding to natural regularities that constrain stimulus indeterminacy and help guide judgment of object orientation and interpretation...
  50. pmc Simplicity and generalization: Short-cutting abstraction in children's object categorizations
    Ji Y Son
    Department of Psychology, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Cognition 108:626-38. 2008
    ..Abstraction is the product of learning; using simplified - already abstracted instances - can short-cut that learning, leading to robust generalization...
  51. doi The influence of comparison between similar stimuli on the effectiveness of their unique features
    Andrés S Lombas
    Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Avenida de Tolosa, 70, 20018 San Sebastian, Spain
    Behav Processes 78:112-6. 2008
    ..2003. Learned changes in the sensitivity of stimulus representations: associative and nonassociative mechanisms. Q. J. Exp. Psychol. 56, 43-55]...
  52. doi Are faces special? A case of pure prosopagnosia
    M Jane Riddoch
    Behavioural Brain Sciences, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Cogn Neuropsychol 25:3-26. 2008
    ..The case provides evidence for modular perceptual processes for faces...
  53. ncbi Discriminative stimulus and reinforcing effects of p-fluoro-L-deprenyl in monkeys
    Sevil Yasar
    Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 182:95-103. 2005
    ..para-Fluoro-L-deprenyl (Fludepryl), a halogenated derivative of L-deprenyl, shares structural similarities with amphetamine and may have potential as a medication for psychostimulant abuse...
  54. ncbi Discrimination of artificial categories structured by family resemblances: a comparative study in people (Homo sapiens) and pigeons (Columba livia)
    Hiroshi Makino
    Graduate School of Science and Technology, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
    J Comp Psychol 121:22-33. 2007
    ..The processes that underlie the classification performances of the 2 species are discussed...
  55. pmc The effects of differential training procedures on linked perceptual class formation
    Lanny Fields
    Department of Psychology, Queens College CUNY, 65 30 Kissena Boulevard, Flushing, New York 11367, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 87:97-119. 2007
    ..This same synergy was not observed after joint Aa-->Bb and Ab-->Ba training or either alone...
  56. ncbi Exploring trial-by-trial modulations of the Simon effect
    Peter Wuhr
    Institut fur Psychologie I, Friedrich Alexander Universitat, Kochstrasse 4, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
    Q J Exp Psychol A 58:705-31. 2005
    ..The results seem to exclude repetition or alternation effects as the main cause of sequential modulations of the Simon effect, but both conflict monitoring and binding may contribute to these effects...
  57. ncbi Unsupervised categorization and category learning
    Emmanuel M Pothos
    Department of Psychology, University of Crete, Rethymnon 74 100, Greece
    Q J Exp Psychol A 58:733-52. 2005
    ..By contrast, no changes in the unsupervised categorization were observed when participants were taught a classification that was specified by a more fine tuning of the relative salience of the two dimensions...
  58. ncbi Understanding of the concept of numerically "less" by bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)
    Kelly Jaakkola
    Dolphin Research Center DRC, Grassy Key, FL 33050, USA
    J Comp Psychol 119:296-303. 2005
    ..Their pattern of errors was consistent with the idea of an underlying analog magnitude representation...
  59. doi Analogical reasoning in a capuchin monkey (Cebus apella)
    Erica Hoy Kennedy
    Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, GA, USA
    J Comp Psychol 122:167-75. 2008
    ..This evidence suggests that contrary to previous arguments, a member of a New World monkey species can solve an analogical problem...
  60. ncbi Discriminative stimulus properties of dextromethorphan in rats
    M Gavend
    Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, Faculte de Medecine de Grenoble, France
    Biomed Pharmacother 49:456-64. 1995
    ..b>Stimulus generalization tests were conducted with dextrorphan, an active metabolite of DM, and with drugs selected from different ..
  61. ncbi Perception of pitch by goldfish
    Richard R Fay
    Parmly Hearing Institute, Department of Psychology, Loyola University, Chicago, IL 60626, USA
    Hear Res 205:7-20. 2005
    Classical conditioning and stimulus generalization methods have revealed much about the sense of hearing in non-human animals, and are now used here to investigate how goldfish perceive a variety of complex sounds, including multi-..
  62. ncbi Nalorphine's ability to substitute for morphine in a drug discrimination procedure is a function of training dose
    S D Grabus
    Department of Psychology, American University, Washington, DC 20016, USA
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 63:481-8. 1999
    ..To assess if training dose influences stimulus generalization to nalorphine and to support its role in the aforementioned variability across studies, in the present ..
  63. ncbi Perception of the periodicity strength of complex sounds by the chinchilla
    William P Shofner
    Parmly Hearing Institute, Loyola University Chicago, 6525 N Sheridan Rd, IL 60626, USA
    Hear Res 173:69-81. 2002
    The perception of periodicity strength was studied in chinchillas using a stimulus generalization paradigm in an operant-conditioning, positive reinforcement behavioral task...
  64. ncbi Antagonism of metabotropic glutamate receptor 4 receptors by (RS)-alpha-cyclopropyl-4-phosphonophenylglycine alters the taste of amino acids in rats
    B K Eschle
    Department of Biology and Vermont Chemical Senses Group, 109 Carrigan Drive, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    Neuroscience 163:1292-301. 2009
    ..a group III mGluR selective antagonist with a strong binding affinity for mGluR4 receptors, can impact stimulus generalization. Rats showed cross-generalization between MSG and all three amino acids (all mixed with amiloride to ..
  65. pmc Stimulus generalization of conditioned eyelid responses produced without cerebellar cortex: implications for plasticity in the cerebellar nuclei
    Tatsuya Ohyama
    Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, and Keck Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, Texas 77225, USA
    Learn Mem 10:346-54. 2003
    ..These results cannot be explained solely by a cell-wide increase in the excitability of deep nucleus neurons, and imply that an input-specific mechanism in the deep cerebellar nucleus operates as well...
  66. ncbi The dopamine D3 receptor antagonist PNU-99194A fails to block (+)-7-OH-DPAT substitution for D-amphetamine or cocaine
    L E Baker
    Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo 49008, USA
    Eur J Pharmacol 358:101-9. 1998
    The present study examined the role of dopamine D3 receptor actions in the stimulus generalization produced by (+)-7-OH-DPAT in rats trained to discriminate either D-amphetamine or cocaine from saline...
  67. ncbi Dissociation between medial temporal lobe and basal ganglia memory systems in schizophrenia
    Szabolcs Keri
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Szeged, Semmelweis u 6, Szeged, H 6725, Hungary
    Schizophr Res 77:321-8. 2005
    ..The learning of stimulus-response pairs is related to the BG, whereas the MTL system participates in stimulus generalization. Forty-three patients with DSM-IV schizophrenia and 28 matched healthy controls participated...
  68. ncbi Perception of two-tone complexes by the goldfish (Carassius auratus)
    R R Fay
    Department of Psychology and Parmly Hearing Institute, Loyola University Chicago, IL 60626, USA
    Hear Res 120:17-24. 1998
    Previous experiments on the sense of hearing in goldfish have used a stimulus generalization paradigm to investigate the perceptual dimensions evoked by spectrally and temporally complex sounds...
  69. doi Disruption of GABAA in the insect antennal lobe generally increases odor detection and discrimination thresholds
    Esther K Mwilaria
    Department of Biology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
    Chem Senses 33:267-81. 2008
    ..In all cases, we used matched saline-injected controls in a blind study. Using a stimulus generalization assay, we found that GABA A disruption abolished the differential response to related odors, suggesting ..
  70. ncbi Behavioral responses to harmonic complex tones with missing fundamental frequencies by chinchillas in the presence of low-pass masking noise
    William P Shofner
    Dept of Speech and Hearing Sci, Indiana Univ, 200 S Jordan Ave, Bloomington, IN 47405
    J Acoust Soc Am 125:2722. 2009
    ..Behavioral responses to missing F0 stimuli were measured in chinchillas using operant conditioning and stimulus generalization. Animals were trained to discriminate between harmonic complex tones having a 500-Hz F0 and a 125-Hz F0...
  71. ncbi Further characterization of the stimulus properties of 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,3-dioxolo[4,5-g]isoquinoline
    Richard A Glennon
    Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Box 980540, Richmond, VA 23298 0540, USA
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 72:379-87. 2002
    ..Specifically, the stimulus similarities of TDIQ, PMMA, and DOM were examined. In no case was stimulus generalization (substitution) observed...
  72. pmc Discriminative stimulus properties of indorenate, a serotonin agonist
    D N Velazquez-Martinez
    Depto Psicofisiología, Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico D F, Mexico
    J Psychiatry Neurosci 24:122-30. 1999
    ..3H]-8-hydroxy-2-(di-N-propylamino) tetralin (8-OH-DPAT)...
  73. ncbi Pitch perception in chinchillas (Chinchilla laniger): stimulus generalization using rippled noise
    William P Shofner
    Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    J Comp Psychol 121:428-39. 2007
    ..trained to discriminate IIRN[+] with a 4-ms delay from IIRN[+] with a 2-ms delay and then tested in a stimulus generalization paradigm with IIRN[+] at delays between 2 and 4 ms...
  74. ncbi Beta-oxygenated analogues of the 5-HT2A serotonin receptor agonist 1-(4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-aminopropane
    Richard A Glennon
    Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Box 980540, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298, USA
    J Med Chem 47:6034-41. 2004
    ..However, in an in vivo test of central action (i.e., stimulus generalization with rats as subjects), 6d was >15 times less potent than R(-)DOB. O-Methylation of 6d (i.e...
  75. ncbi Serotonergic-dopaminergic mediation of MDMA's discriminative stimulus effects in a three-choice discrimination
    Amy K Goodwin
    Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 74:987-95. 2003
    ..D-Amphetamine produced only partial substitution for MDMA while fenfluramine produced complete stimulus generalization. Low doses of D-amphetamine and fenfluramine produced greater stimulus generalization when administered ..
  76. ncbi Assessment of the discriminative stimulus effects of the D3 dopamine antagonist PNU-99194A in rats: comparison with psychomotor stimulants
    L E Baker
    Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo 49008, USA
    Behav Pharmacol 8:243-52. 1997
    ..p.) from saline in a two-choice, water-reinforced drug discrimination procedure. In tests of stimulus generalization, PNU-99194A (1.25-40.0 mg/kg, s.c. and i.p.) did not substitute for cocaine. PNU-99194A (5...
  77. doi Negative valence widens generalization of learning
    Eitan Schechtman
    Department of Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel 76100
    J Neurosci 30:10460-4. 2010
    ..We use stimulus generalization in humans to show that tones that were negatively reinforced induce wider generalization curves than ..
  78. pmc Sound source segregation by goldfish: two simultaneous tones
    Richard R Fay
    Parmly Hearing Institute, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60626, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 125:4053-9. 2009
    ..of two simultaneous tones was investigated in goldfish using classical respiratory conditioning and a stimulus generalization paradigm...
  79. ncbi Molecular features of odorants systematically influence slow temporal responses across clusters of coordinated antennal lobe units in the moth Manduca sexta
    Kevin C Daly
    Department of Entomology, The Ohio State University, 400 Aronoff Laboratory, 318 W 12th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    J Neurophysiol 92:236-54. 2004
    Behavioral studies of olfactory discrimination and stimulus generalization in many species indicate that the molecular features of monomolecular odorants are important for odor discrimination...
  80. ncbi Temporal coding mediates discrimination of "bitter" taste stimuli by an insect
    John I Glendinning
    Department of Biological Sciences, Barnard College, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    J Neurosci 26:8900-8. 2006
    ..We found that the pattern of stimulus generalization in both intact and lat-ablated caterpillars could only be predicted by temporal coding...
  81. pmc Generalization of cross-modal stimulus equivalence classes: operant processes as components in human category formation
    S D Lane
    University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 77030, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 70:267-79. 1998
    This study employed a stimulus-class rating procedure to explore whether stimulus equivalence and stimulus generalization can combine to promote the formation of open-ended categories incorporating cross-modal stimuli...
  82. ncbi Caffeine induces differential cross tolerance to the amphetamine-like discriminative stimulus effects of dopaminergic agonists
    Raka Jain
    National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
    Brain Res Bull 65:415-21. 2005
    ..Thus, caffeine produces differential cross tolerance to the amphetamine-like discriminative effects of dopaminergic drugs, a phenomenon in which the dopamine D(1) receptor appears to have an important role...
  83. pmc Integrality/separability of stimulus dimensions and multidimensional generalization in pigeons
    Fabian A Soto
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 36:194-205. 2010
    The authors present a quantitative framework for interpreting the results of multidimensional stimulus generalization experiments in animals using concepts derived from the geometrical approach to human cognition...
  84. ncbi Shepard's universal law supported by honeybees in spatial generalization
    K Cheng
    Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney NSW 2109, Australia
    Psychol Sci 11:403-8. 2000
    ..the S+) is likely to respond to similar but recognizably different stimuli, the ubiquitous phenomenon of stimulus generalization. On the basis of functional analyses of the probabilistic structure of the world, Shepard formulated a ..
  85. ncbi Stimulus generalization in two associative learning processes
    Stijn M J van Osselaer
    Center for Decision Research, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 30:626-38. 2004
    ....
  86. pmc Adaptive auditory risk assessment in the dogbane tiger moth when pursued by bats
    John M Ratcliffe
    Center for Sound Communication, Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, 5230 Odense M, Denmark
    Proc Biol Sci 278:364-70. 2011
    ..Using an integrated test of stimulus generalization and dishabituation, here we show that C...
  87. ncbi Effects of competitive and noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists in rats trained to discriminate NMDA from saline
    J Willetts
    Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond
    J Pharmacol Exp Ther 251:627-33. 1989
    ..In stimulus generalization tests, NPC 12626 and 3-(2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)propyl-1-phosphonate at doses higher than those required ..
  88. ncbi [Evaluation of the discriminative stimulus effect of an enkephalin analog, EK-399, in the rat]
    N Nishida
    Drug Safety Research Laboratories, Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd, Osaka, Japan
    Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi 97:361-9. 1991
    ..In stimulus generalization tests, morphine (10 mg/kg) and buprenorphine (0...
  89. ncbi Stimulus generalization, context change, and forgetting
    M E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington 05405, USA
    Psychol Bull 125:171-86. 1999
    ..The physical contexts manipulated in learning and memory experiments themselves occur within a superordinate temporal context and can thus be forgotten with no inherent challenge to a context-change account of forgetting...
  90. ncbi Aminorex produces stimulus effects similar to amphetamine and unlike those of fenfluramine
    R Young
    Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298 0540
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 42:175-8. 1992
    ..23 mg/kg), which was found to be slightly less potent than (+)-amphetamine. Fenfluramine stimulus generalization did not occur to aminorex...
  91. pmc Neurogenetic approaches to habituation and dishabituation in Drosophila
    Jeff E Engel
    Department of Biological Sciences, Western Illinois University, 1 University Circle, Macomb, IL 61455, USA
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 92:166-75. 2009
    ..b>Stimulus generalization (and conversely, the delineation of stimulus specificity) has given insights into the localization of ..
  92. ncbi [Learned equivalence in schizophrenia: novel method for the measurement of memory functions of the hippocampus and basal ganglia]
    Orsolya Nagy
    Bács Kiskun Megyei Onkormányzat Kórháza, Pszichiátriai Osztály, Kecskemet
    Psychiatr Hung 20:363-9. 2005
    ..The learning of stimulus-response pairs is related to the BG, whereas the MTL system participates in stimulus generalization. Forty-three patients with DSM-IV schizophrenia and 28 matched healthy controls participated in the study...
  93. pmc Early heart rate responses to standardized trauma-related pictures predict posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective study
    Oliver Suendermann
    Department of Psychology PO77, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Psychosom Med 72:301-8. 2010
    ..It has been suggested that associative learning and stimulus generalization play a key role in the development of these symptoms...
  94. ncbi Stimulus generalization of excitation and inhibition
    Robert A Rescorla
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 59:53-67. 2006
    Five sign-tracking experiments with pigeons investigated the breadth of stimulus generalization of excitatory and inhibitory conditioning...
  95. doi Familiarity-based stimulus generalization of conditioned suppression in rats is dependent on the perirhinal cortex
    Jasper Robinson
    School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Behav Neurosci 124:587-99. 2010
    We report that bilateral, excitoxic lesions of the perirhinal cortex attenuate rats' familiarity-based stimulus generalization. After surgery, rats were preexposed either to 2 auditory stimuli (A and B) or to only 1 auditory stimulus (B)...
  96. ncbi How do tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) understand causality involved in tool use?
    Kazuo Fujita
    Graduate School of Letters, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 29:233-42. 2003
    ..The possible role of stimulus generalization is also considered.
  97. pmc Time course of the ethanol-like discriminative stimulus effects of abused inhalants in mice
    Scott E Bowen
    Department of Psychology, Behavioral Pharmacology and Toxicology Laboratory, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 91:345-50. 2009
    ..After 20-min inhalation exposures to toluene (500-6000 ppm) or TRI (1000-12,000 ppm), stimulus generalization was examined at 0, 5, 10, 20, and 40 min post-exposure. Ethanol doses>or=0...
  98. pmc The effects of programming common stimuli for enhancing stimulus generalization of academic behavior
    Eric M Mesmer
    Oklahoma State University, School Psychology Program, 420 Willard Hall, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078, USA
    J Appl Behav Anal 40:553-7. 2007
    ..The importance of methodological rigor in future research exploring generalization and the need to compare generalization strategies are discussed...
  99. pmc Effects of stimulus size and spatial organization on pigeons' conditional same-different discrimination
    Leyre Castro
    The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, United States
    Behav Processes 83:162-71. 2010
    ..Accuracy scores revealed virtually perfect stimulus generalization across various item sizes and spatial organizations...
  100. ncbi How do pigeons represent numbers? Studies of number scale bisection
    William A Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont, Canada N6A 5C2
    Behav Processes 69:33-43. 2005
    ..An associative model that assumed stimulus generalization between numbers was used to predict the findings of these two experiments...
  101. ncbi Category learning in rhesus monkeys: a study of the Shepard, Hovland, and Jenkins (1961) tasks
    J David Smith
    Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 133:398-414. 2004
    ..The authors discuss the character and basis of the species difference in categorization and consider whether monkeys are the generalization-based cognitive system that humans are not...

Research Grants106 found, 100 shown here

  1. Similarity and Generalization in Category Learning
    Matthew Jones; Fiscal Year: 2006
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Stimulus generalization is a fundamental component process of any cognitive task, because stimuli and contexts are never precisely repeated...
  2. CHEMICAL/BEHAVIORAL STUDIES ON HALLUCINOGENIC AGENTS
    RICHARD GLENNON; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..effects of ephedrine and might have similar effects on other PAAs, (c) that similarities exist between stimulus generalization profiles obtained with AMPH-trained and ephedrine-trained animals, but that the former, not the latter, ..
  3. Functional Organization of the Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis
    DENIS PARE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..has ended (temporal generalization of fear) and by allowing different (safe) cues to also trigger fear (stimulus generalization of fear)...
  4. B CARBOLINE HALLUCINOGENS
    RICHARD GLENNON; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Specifically, tests of stimulus generalization and stimulus antagonism will be conducted with animals trained to discriminate harmaline from vehicle in ..
  5. INVESTIGATION OF TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL RECEPTORS
    Billy Martin; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..for their ability to produce motor hypoactivity, hypothermia, catalepsy and antinociception in mice, stimulus generalization to delta 9-THC in delta 9-THC trained rats and monkeys and behavioral effects (static ataxia) in dogs...
  6. AN INVESTIGATION OF THC RECEPTORS
    Billy Martin; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..for their ability to produce motor hypoactivity, hypothermia, catalepsy and antinociception in mice, and stimulus generalization to delta9-THC in delta9-THC-trained rats and monkeys...
  7. AN INVESTIGATION OF THC RECEPTORS
    Billy Martin; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..for their ability to produce motor hypoactivity, hypothermia, catalepsy and antinociception in mice, and stimulus generalization to delta9-THC in delta9-THC-trained rats and monkeys...
  8. CHEMICAL/BEHAVIORAL STUDIES ON HALLUCINOGENIC AGENTS
    RICHARD GLENNON; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..this extent, we propose to use the drug discrimination paradigm for purposes of categorization; tests of stimulus generalization and stimulus antagonism using this paradigm also provide information on mechanism of action...
  9. Generalization of Conditioned Fear as a Pathogenic Marker of PTSD
    SHMUEL MORDECHAI LISSEK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This phenomenon referred to as stimulus generalization has received surprisingly little empirical testing in the context of clinical anxiety in general, and ..
  10. ESTABLISHING FUNCTIONAL LEXICAL RETRIEVAL IN APHASIA
    CRAIG LINEBAUGH; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Response generalization to untreated stimuli and stimulus generalization to successive levels of the treatment protocol and to a referential communication task will also be ..
  11. Similarity and Generalization in Category Learning
    Matthew Jones; Fiscal Year: 2004
    b>Stimulus generalization is a fundamental component process of any cognitive task, because stimuli and contexts are never precisely repeated...
  12. Generalization of Conditioned Fear as a Pathogenic Marker of PTSD
    SHMUEL MORDECHAI LISSEK; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This phenomenon referred to as stimulus generalization has received surprisingly little empirical testing in the context of clinical anxiety in general, and ..
  13. Similarity and Generalization in Category Learning
    Matthew Jones; Fiscal Year: 2005
    b>Stimulus generalization is a fundamental component process of any cognitive task, because stimuli and contexts are never precisely repeated...
  14. BEHAVIORAL PHARMACOLOGY OF NARCOTIC ANTAGONISTS
    STEPHEN HOLTZMAN; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..0, 3.0 or 10 mg/kg of morphine. Stimulus generalization (i.e...
  15. FUNCTIONAL COMMUNICATION TRAINING AUGMENTED WITH CHOICES
    David Wacker; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..FCT) has been successful in suppressing aberrant behavior, inducing prosocial behavior, and promoting stimulus generalization. In this proposed project, they will evaluate key elements of both the assessment and the treatment ..
  16. FUNCTIONAL COMMUNICATION TRAINING AUGMENTED WITH CHOICES
    David Wacker; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..FCT) has been successful in suppressing aberrant behavior, inducing prosocial behavior, and promoting stimulus generalization. In this proposed project, they will evaluate key elements of both the assessment and the treatment ..
  17. FUNCTIONAL COMMUNICATION TRAINING AUGMENTED WITH CHOICES
    David Wacker; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..FCT) has been successful in suppressing aberrant behavior, inducing prosocial behavior, and promoting stimulus generalization. In this proposed project, they will evaluate key elements of both the assessment and the treatment ..
  18. FUNCTIONAL COMMUNICATION TRAINING AUGMENTED WITH CHOICES
    David Wacker; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..FCT) has been successful in suppressing aberrant behavior, inducing prosocial behavior, and promoting stimulus generalization. In this proposed project, they will evaluate key elements of both the assessment and the treatment ..
  19. MODELS FOR LEARNING, MEMORY, AND INFERENCE
    JOHN STADDON; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..be incorporated into models for choice? The work on diffusion arose from study of the dynamics of stimulus generalization, a basic property of all associative learning...
  20. MODELS FOR LEARNING, MEMORY, AND INFERENCE
    JOHN STADDON; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..be incorporated into models for choice? The work on diffusion arose from study of the dynamics of stimulus generalization, a basic property of all associative learning...
  21. MODELS FOR LEARNING, MEMORY, AND INFERENCE
    JOHN STADDON; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..be incorporated into models for choice? The work on diffusion arose from study of the dynamics of stimulus generalization, a basic property of all associative learning...
  22. Reinstatement of drug-maintained behavior suppressed by extinction or an availabl
    Brett C Ginsburg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, (4) stimulus generalization curves are established following 30 or 60 days of ethanol self-administration or suppressed ethanol-self-..
  23. Reinstatement of drug-maintained behavior suppressed by extinction or an availabl
    BRETT GINSBURG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Finally, (4) stimulus generalization curves are established following 30 or 60 days of ethanol self-administration or suppressed ethanol-self-..
  24. STIMULUS PROPERTIES OF ABUSED DRUGS: PHENCYCLIDINE
    STEPHEN HOLTZMAN; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..b>Stimulus generalization curves in both species will be determined for novel drugs including structural analogues of PCP, ..
  25. GENERALIZED EFFECTS OF EARLY TRAUMATIC EXPERIENCES
    Byron Campbell; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..sensitization, (2) sensory information processing, (3) short-term memory, (4) long-term memory, and (5) stimulus generalization in the preweanling rat...
  26. DEVELOPMENT OF INFANT VISUAL PERCEPTION
    BENNETT BERTENTHAL; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The procedure involves measuring stimulus generalization with a familiarization-dishabituation paradigm...
  27. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SOUND SOURCE IN VERTEBRATES
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These results will help in the development and evaluation of animal models for human hearing and help establish the comparative and evolutionary contexts within which the human sense of hearing can be better understood. ..
  28. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SOUND SOURCE IN VERTEBRATES
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These results will help in the development and evaluation of animal models for human hearing and help establish the comparative and evolutionary contexts within which the human sense of hearing can be better understood. ..
  29. GHB: Discrimination and effects on learning
    Lisa Baker; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Behavior under these assays is sensitive to other abused drugs. Therefore, these assays may be of value in characterizing the effects of GHB. ..
  30. GHB: Discrimination and effects on learning
    Lisa Baker; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Behavior under these assays is sensitive to other abused drugs. Therefore, these assays may be of value in characterizing the effects of GHB. ..
  31. GHB: Discrimination and effects on learning
    Lisa Baker; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Behavior under these assays is sensitive to other abused drugs. Therefore, these assays may be of value in characterizing the effects of GHB. ..
  32. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SOUND SOURCE IN VERTEBRATES
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These results will help in the development and evaluation of animal models for human hearing and help establish the comparative and evolutionary contexts within which the human sense of hearing can be better understood. ..
  33. Sound Source Segregation and Determination
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..features will be investigated for their effects on perception using behavioral conditioning methods using stimulus generalization paradigms. Aim 2: We will investigate auditory source segregation using multiple, discrete local sources...
  34. GHB: Discrimination and effects on learning
    Lisa Baker; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Behavior under these assays is sensitive to other abused drugs. Therefore, these assays may be of value in characterizing the effects of GHB. ..
  35. Origins of Binaural Processing in Vertebrates
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  36. Sound Source Segregation and Determination
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..features will be investigated for their effects on perception using behavioral conditioning methods using stimulus generalization paradigms. Aim 2: We will investigate auditory source segregation using multiple, discrete local sources...
  37. Origins of Binaural Processing in Vertebrates
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Sound Source Segregation and Determination
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..features will be investigated for their effects on perception using behavioral conditioning methods using stimulus generalization paradigms. Aim 2: We will investigate auditory source segregation using multiple, discrete local sources...
  39. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SOUND SOURCE IN VERTEBRATES
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These results will help in the development and evaluation of animal models for human hearing and help establish the comparative and evolutionary contexts within which the human sense of hearing can be better understood. ..
  40. Origins of Binaural Processing in Vertebrates
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Origins of Binaural Processing in Vertebrates
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. Origins of Binaural Processing in Vertebrates
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Sound Source Segregation and Determination
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..features will be investigated for their effects on perception using behavioral conditioning methods using stimulus generalization paradigms. Aim 2: We will investigate auditory source segregation using multiple, discrete local sources...
  44. Sound Source Segregation and Determination
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..features will be investigated for their effects on perception using behavioral conditioning methods using stimulus generalization paradigms. Aim 2: We will investigate auditory source segregation using multiple, discrete local sources...
  45. Comprehensive database of drug discrimination and self-administration research
    Ian Stolerman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  46. Comprehensive database of drug discrimination and self-administration research
    Ian Stolerman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  47. COMPREHENSIVE DATABASE OF DRUG DISCRIMINATION RESEARCH
    Ian Stolerman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The database now covers years 1951-2000 (3,314 citations); from the recent rate of growth, it is estimated this will increase to over 4,300 in the next five years. ..
  48. COMPREHENSIVE DATABASE OF DRUG DISCRIMINATION RESEARCH
    Ian Stolerman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The database now covers years 1951-2000 (3,314 citations); from the recent rate of growth, it is estimated this will increase to over 4,300 in the next five years. ..
  49. COMPREHENSIVE DATABASE OF DRUG DISCRIMINATION RESEARCH
    Ian Stolerman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The database now covers years 1951-2000 (3,314 citations); from the recent rate of growth, it is estimated this will increase to over 4,300 in the next five years. ..
  50. COMPREHENSIVE DATABASE OF DRUG DISCRIMINATION RESEARCH
    Ian Stolerman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The database now covers year 1951-1997 (2,585 citations); it is estimated this will increase to over 3,000 in the next three years. ..
  51. COMPREHENSIVE DATABASE OF DRUG DISCRIMINATION RESEARCH
    Ian Stolerman; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The present database covers the years 1951-1991 and it con- tains about 1600 citations; it is estimated this will be increased to about 2100 in the next three years...
  52. COMPREHENSIVE DATABASE OF DRUG DISCRIMINATION RESEARCH
    Ian Stolerman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The database now covers years 1951-2000 (3,314 citations); from the recent rate of growth, it is estimated this will increase to over 4,300 in the next five years. ..
  53. COMPREHENSIVE DATABASE OF DRUG DISCRIMINATION RESEARCH
    Ian Stolerman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The database now covers year 1951-1997 (2,585 citations); it is estimated this will increase to over 3,000 in the next three years. ..
  54. Periodicity Processing in the Auditory System
    William Shofner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  55. Periodicity Processing in the Auditory System
    William Shofner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  56. Periodicity Processing in the Auditory System
    William Shofner; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  57. Periodicity Processing in the Auditory System
    William Shofner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  58. Periodicity Processing in the Auditory System
    William Shofner; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  59. Developing a Model of Transitive Behavior
    Karen Lionello DeNolf; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Ultimately, this rat model will lead to advances in the assessment of non-language based symbolic behavior, and to applications in the fields of behavioral toxicology and animal models of developmental disabilities. ..
  60. Behavioral Effects of Gestational Inhalant Abuse in Rats
    Scott Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, this research has the potential to assist in the design of effective treatments for inhalant abuse. ..
  61. Maternal Separation: Rat Model of Opioid Vulnerability
    STEPHEN HOLTZMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  62. Self-administration of abused inhalants in mice
    Scott Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  63. Self-administration of abused inhalants in mice
    Scott Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  64. Maternal Separation: Rat Model of Opioid Vulnerability
    STEPHEN HOLTZMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  65. Behavioral Effects of Gestational Inhalant Abuse in Rats
    Scott Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Finally, this research has the potential to assist in the design of effective treatments for inhalant abuse. ..
  66. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
  67. PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING AND MEMORY
    ROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ....
  68. PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING, AND MEMORY
    ROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  69. Maternal Separation: Rat Model of Opioid Vulnerability
    STEPHEN HOLTZMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  70. PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING, AND MEMORY
    ROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  71. PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING, AND MEMORY
    ROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  72. PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING, AND MEMORY
    ROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  73. PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING, AND MEMORY
    ROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  74. PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING AND MEMORY
    ROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  75. PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING, AND MEMORY
    ROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  76. BEHAVIORAL PHARMACOLOGY OF NARCOTIC ANTAGONISTS
    STEPHEN HOLTZMAN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Acute agonist-induced sensitization to opioid antagonists appears to be an exquisite example of neuronal plasticity, reflecting the first hours of the drug-receptor interactions that lead to chronic physical dependence upon opioids. ..
  77. COMPREHENSIVE DATABASE OF DRUG DISCRIMINATION RESEARCH
    Ian Stolerman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The database now covers years 1951-2000 (3,314 citations); from the recent rate of growth, it is estimated this will increase to over 4,300 in the next five years. ..
  78. BEHAVIORAL PHARMACOLOGY OF NARCOTIC ANTAGONISTS
    STEPHEN HOLTZMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Acute agonist-induced sensitization to opioid antagonists appears to be an exquisite example of neuronal plasticity, reflecting the first hours of the drug-receptor interactions that lead to chronic physical dependence upon opioids. ..
  79. PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING, AND MEMORY
    ROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  80. Maternal Separation: Rat Model of Opioid Vulnerability
    STEPHEN HOLTZMAN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  81. BEHAVIORAL PHARMACOLOGY OF OPIOIDS
    STEPHEN HOLTZMAN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  82. PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING AND MEMORY
    ROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ....