Summary: The tendency to react to stimuli that are different from, but somewhat similar to, the stimulus used as a conditioned stimulus.
Publications176 found, 100 shown here
- Exemplar and prototype models revisited: response strategies, selective attention, and stimulus generalizationRobert M Nosofsky
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 28:924-40. 2002..s experimental results. Furthermore, the exemplar model predicts classification performance better than the prototype models when novel transfer stimuli are included in the experimental designs...
- Training of somatosensory discrimination after stroke: facilitation of stimulus generalizationLeeanne M Carey
National Stroke Research Institute, Heidelberg West, Victoria, Australia
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 84:428-42. 2005..We therefore investigated spontaneous and procedurally facilitated transfer of training effects within the somatosensory domain after stroke...
- Contextual modulation of stimulus generalization in ratsJames Close
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 35:509-15. 2009..Experiment 2 confirmed and extended these findings. These results provide support for the connectionist analysis outlined above and are consistent with the application of this approach to the acquired equivalence/distinctiveness of cues...
- Different thresholds for detection and discrimination of odors in the honey bee (Apis mellifera)Geraldine A Wright
Department of Entomology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
Chem Senses 29:127-35. 2004....
- Fruits and vegetables categorized: an application of the generalized context modelTim Smits
University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Psychon Bull Rev 9:836-44. 2002....
- What does it look like and what can it do? Category structure influences how infants categorizeJessica S Horst
University of Iowa, Iowa City, 52242, USA
Child Dev 76:614-31. 2005..The results are discussed in terms of models of category learning...
- Stimulus control topographies and tests of symmetry in pigeonsKaren M Lionello-DeNolf
Purdue University, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 78:467-95. 2002....
- Contextual control of stimulus generalization and stimulus equivalence in hierarchical categorizationKaren Griffee
Department of Psychology, Concord College, Athens, West Virginia 24712, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 78:433-47. 2002..would result from a combination of contextually controlled conditional discrimination training, stimulus generalization, and stimulus equivalence...
- Failure to find evidence of stimulus generalization within pictorial categories in pigeonsJennifer E Sutton
Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
J Exp Anal Behav 78:333-43. 2002..These findings argue against a process of automatic stimulus generalization within natural categories and in favor of the position that category distinctions are not made until ..
- Acquired equivalence and distinctiveness of cues: II. Neural manipulations and their implicationsE Coutureau
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3YG, Wales, United Kingdom
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 28:388-96. 2002..This effect was also evident in HPC rats but not in EC rats. These results indicate that changes in stimulus distinctiveness are dissociable from the process of conditional learning...
- Stimulus control by same-versus-different relations among multiple visual stimuliEdward A Wasserman
Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52245, USA
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 28:347-57. 2002..Same-different discrimination was evident with 2-item displays, but it was much stronger with 6 or more items. These findings help to define the substrates of advanced conceptual behavior...
- It's a sign of the kind: gestures and words guide infants' inductive inferencesSusan A Graham
Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada
Dev Psychol 43:1111-23. 2007..By 22-months of age, infants treat words as a privileged referential form when making inductive inferences...
- Adaptive categorization in unsupervised learningJohn P Clapper
Department of Psychology, Humboldt State University, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 28:908-23. 2002..The results are explained in terms of J. R. Anderson's (1990, 1991) rational model of categorization, and extensions of this analysis for real-world learning are discussed...
- Perceptual visual grouping under inattention: electrophysiological functional imagingIrene Razpurker-Apfeld
Evoked Potentials Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
Brain Cogn 67:183-96. 2008..These results support the distinction of grouping patterns differing in complexity of shape formation...
- Ability of honeybee, Apis mellifera, to detect and discriminate odors of varieties of canola (Brassica rapa and Brassica napus) and snapdragon flowers (Antirrhinum majus)Geraldine A Wright
Department of Entomology, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210 1220, USA
J Chem Ecol 28:721-40. 2002..Our study suggests that both intensity and odor quality affect the ability of honeybees to differentiate among floral perfumes...
- Object categorization: reversals and explanations of the basic-level advantageTimothy T Rogers
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 15206, US
J Exp Psychol Gen 136:451-69. 2007..Implications for theories of visual object recognition are discussed...
- When induction meets memory: evidence for gradual transition from similarity-based to category-based inductionAnna V Fisher
Center for Cognitive Science, The Ohio State University, Columbus, 43210, USA
Child Dev 76:583-97. 2005..With novel categories, even adults performed similarity-based induction, exhibiting high memory accuracy (Experiment 4). These results suggest a gradual transition from similarity- to category-based induction with familiar categories...
- Do 9-month-old infants expect distinct words to refer to kinds?Kathryn Dewar
Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Dev Psychol 43:1227-38. 2007..Because the property of shape is a cue to kind membership and the property of color is not, these results suggest that even at the beginning of word learning, infants may expect distinct labels to refer to distinct kinds of objects...
- Stimulus properties of nicotine, amphetamine, and chlordiazepoxide as positive features in a pavlovian appetitive discrimination task in ratsMatthew I Palmatier
Department of Neuroscience, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Neuropsychopharmacology 30:731-41. 2005..45 mg/kg) and amphetamine (ED50 = 3.70 mg/kg), but not for CDP. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that drug states can occasion appetitive Pavlovian CRs in a pharmacologically specific manner...
- Latent timing in human conditioned avoidanceMikaël Molet
Unite de Formation et de Recherche de Psychologie, University of Lille 3, France
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 33:476-83. 2007..These results show that participants time both S+ and S- signals in human conditioned avoidance, and they further suggest that the timing of a cue is independent of reinforcement...
- The training and transfer of real-world perceptual expertiseJames W Tanaka
Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Psychol Sci 16:145-51. 2005..These findings suggest that perceptual categorization, not perceptual exposure per se, is important for the development and generalization of visual expertise...
- Visual recognition: as soon as you know it is there, you know what it isKalanit Grill-Spector
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA, USA
Psychol Sci 16:152-60. 2005..These findings place powerful constraints on theories of object recognition...
- Transformation of the discriminative and eliciting functions of generalized relational stimuliMichael J Dougher
University of New Mexico, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 88:179-97. 2007..Results indicated that the relational training procedures produced derived relations among the stimuli used in training and that these allowed correct inferences of relative size ranking among novel stimuli...
- Brief communication: the role of category structure in determining the effects of stimulus preexposure on categorization accuracyA J Wills
University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
Q J Exp Psychol B 57:79-88. 2004..The results are predicted by salience reduction accounts of perceptual learning but may be problematic for stimulus differentiation accounts...
- Biases towards internal features in infants' reasoning about objectsGeorge E Newman
Yale University, 2 Hillhouse Avenue, New Haven, CT 06520 USA
Cognition 107:420-32. 2008..In the absence of self-generated behaviors, however, infants did not show a preference towards the internal feature...
- Do discrimination tasks discourage multi-dimensional stimulus processing? Evidence from a cross-modal object discrimination in ratsKathryn J Jeffery
Institute of Behavioural Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University College London, 26 Bedford Way, London WC1H OAP, UK
Behav Brain Res 183:213-21. 2007..Instead, more natural tasks such as spontaneous exploration may be preferable...
- Olfactory blocking and odorant similarity in the honeybeeFernando Guerrieri
Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier Toulouse III UMR 5169, F 31062 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
Learn Mem 12:86-95. 2005..Thus, blocking is not a consistent phenomenon, nor does it depend on odor similarity...
- Hold your horses: how exposure to different items influences infant categorizationKristine A Kovack-Lesh
Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
J Exp Child Psychol 98:69-93. 2007..These results are discussed in terms of how exposure to collections of different items, and how opportunities to compare items, influences infants' categorization...
- Developmental changes in children's understanding of the similarity between photographs and their referentsDavid H Uttal
Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 2710, USA
Dev Sci 11:156-70. 2008..Results are discussed in terms of the development of children's appreciation of different levels of similarity...
- A procedure for generating differential "sample" responding without different exteroceptive stimuliKaren M Lionello-DeNolf
Purdue University, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 79:21-35. 2003..This "unsignaled response" procedure may be useful for assessing whether differential responses can be members of acquired equivalence classes...
- The influence of training length on generalization of visual feature assemblies in honeybeesSilke Stach
Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier UMR 5169, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 04, France
Behav Brain Res 161:8-17. 2005..Controlling precisely the level of experience of individuals is therefore crucial in experiments on visual recognition...
- Stimulus ambiguity elicits response conflictArnaud Szmalec
Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Neurosci Lett 435:158-62. 2008..These results show that response conflict is also present in a regular choice RT task which is traditionally not considered to be a measure of cognitive conflict...
- Stability of functional equivalence and stimulus equivalence: effects of baseline reversalsOliver Wirth
West Virginia University, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 77:29-47. 2002..The similarities and differences between stimulus equivalence and functional equivalence are related to the specific contingencies that select responding in the presence of the stimuli that form the classes...
- Behavioral and electrophysiological evidence of species-specific face processingLisa S Scott
Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA
Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:405-16. 2005..These findings suggest that previous experience with different categories of faces modulates the link between behavioral and electrophysiological measures of face processing...
- Statistical learning within and between modalities: pitting abstract against stimulus-specific representationsChristopher M Conway
Department of Psychology, 1101 E 10th St, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
Psychol Sci 17:905-12. 2006..We conclude that learning sequential structure and generalizing to novel stimuli inherently involve learning mechanisms that are closely tied to the perceptual characteristics of the input...
- What leads children to adopt new strategies? A microgenetic/cross-sectional study of class inclusionRobert S Siegler
Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Child Dev 77:997-1015. 2006..Reasons for the superior effectiveness of the logical explanations were discussed...
- Evidence that pigeons represent both time and number on a logarithmic scaleWilliam A Roberts
Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont, Canada N6A 5C2
Behav Processes 72:207-14. 2006....
- Categorization of visual stimuli in the honeybee Apis melliferaJulie Benard
Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale UMR 5169, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062, Toulouse Cedex 4, France
Anim Cogn 9:257-70. 2006..Although transfer from training to novel stimuli can be achieved by stimulus generalization of the training stimuli, most of these transfer tests involved clearly distinguishable stimuli for which ..
- When similarity and causality compete in category-based property generalizationBob Rehder
Department of Psychology, New York University, NY 10003, USA
Mem Cognit 34:3-16. 2006..e., an existing category feature) is also prevalent. These findings suggest that category-based property generalization is often an instance of causal inference...
- Formation of category representationsA J Wills
University of Exeter, Washington Singer Laboratories, England
Mem Cognit 34:17-27. 2006..This hypothesis can be instantiated through the AMBRY model (Kruschke, 1996)...
- Specialization and semantic organization: evidence for multiple semantics linked to sensory modalitiesJ Frederico Marques
University of Lisbon, Portugal
Mem Cognit 34:60-7. 2006..The results are discussed by considering possible alternative amodal explanations and other data that have shown the influence of sensory information in conceptual processing...
- Exemplar similarity, study list homogeneity, and short-term perceptual recognitionRobert M Nosofsky
Department of Psychology, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405, USA
Mem Cognit 34:112-24. 2006..We suggest that subjects systematically adjust their response criteria on the basis of the homogeneity of the study list items...
- Influence of attended repetition trials on negative priming in younger and older adultsPatricia M Simone
Department of Psychology, Santa Clara University, CA 95053, USA
Mem Cognit 34:187-95. 2006..Memory retrieval obscured the novelty bias for target processing, was more selective in older adults, and did not affect distractor processing. Novelty bias and distractor suppression may share the same inhibitory attentional mechanism...
- The missing whole in perceptual models of perirhinal cortexAnthony D Cate
Trends Cogn Sci 10:396-7. 2006
- Cue-based preparation and stimulus-based priming of tasks in task switchingIring Koch
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Munich, Germany
Mem Cognit 34:433-44. 2006..Further theoretical implications of these findings are discussed...
- The human pulvinar and stimulus-driven attentional controlGeorge A Michael
Laboratoire d Etude des Mecanismes Cognitifs, Universite Lyon, France
Behav Neurosci 119:1353-67. 2005....
- Behavioral and neuropharmacological characterization of nicotine as a conditional stimulusJennifer E Murray
Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588 0308, USA
Eur J Pharmacol 561:91-104. 2007..In contrast, MK-801 decreased goal tracking on nicotine without decreasing chamber activity, indicating a role for N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors in expression of nicotine-evoked conditioned responding...
- Transfer effects in task-set cost and dual-task cost after dual-task training in older and younger adults: further evidence for cognitive plasticity in attentional control in late adulthoodLouis Bherer
Department of Psychology, University of Quebec at Montreal and Institut Universitaire de Geriatrie de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Exp Aging Res 34:188-219. 2008..These results suggest that dual-task skills can be substantially improved in older adults and that cognitive plasticity in attentional control is still possible in old age...
- Regularity of symmetry verticality guides perceptual judgments of objectsDiane J Schiano
Palo Alto Research Center, CA 94304, USA
Am J Psychol 121:209-27. 2008..Findings support use of a family of perceptual heuristics corresponding to natural regularities that constrain stimulus indeterminacy and help guide judgment of object orientation and interpretation...
- Simplicity and generalization: Short-cutting abstraction in children's object categorizationsJi Y Son
Department of Psychology, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Cognition 108:626-38. 2008..Abstraction is the product of learning; using simplified - already abstracted instances - can short-cut that learning, leading to robust generalization...
- The influence of comparison between similar stimuli on the effectiveness of their unique featuresAndrés S Lombas
Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Avenida de Tolosa, 70, 20018 San Sebastian, Spain
Behav Processes 78:112-6. 2008..2003. Learned changes in the sensitivity of stimulus representations: associative and nonassociative mechanisms. Q. J. Exp. Psychol. 56, 43-55]...
- Are faces special? A case of pure prosopagnosiaM Jane Riddoch
Behavioural Brain Sciences, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
Cogn Neuropsychol 25:3-26. 2008..The case provides evidence for modular perceptual processes for faces...
- Discriminative stimulus and reinforcing effects of p-fluoro-L-deprenyl in monkeysSevil Yasar
Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 182:95-103. 2005..para-Fluoro-L-deprenyl (Fludepryl), a halogenated derivative of L-deprenyl, shares structural similarities with amphetamine and may have potential as a medication for psychostimulant abuse...
- Discrimination of artificial categories structured by family resemblances: a comparative study in people (Homo sapiens) and pigeons (Columba livia)Hiroshi Makino
Graduate School of Science and Technology, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
J Comp Psychol 121:22-33. 2007..The processes that underlie the classification performances of the 2 species are discussed...
- The effects of differential training procedures on linked perceptual class formationLanny Fields
Department of Psychology, Queens College CUNY, 65 30 Kissena Boulevard, Flushing, New York 11367, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 87:97-119. 2007..This same synergy was not observed after joint Aa-->Bb and Ab-->Ba training or either alone...
- Exploring trial-by-trial modulations of the Simon effectPeter Wuhr
Institut fur Psychologie I, Friedrich Alexander Universitat, Kochstrasse 4, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
Q J Exp Psychol A 58:705-31. 2005..The results seem to exclude repetition or alternation effects as the main cause of sequential modulations of the Simon effect, but both conflict monitoring and binding may contribute to these effects...
- Unsupervised categorization and category learningEmmanuel M Pothos
Department of Psychology, University of Crete, Rethymnon 74 100, Greece
Q J Exp Psychol A 58:733-52. 2005..By contrast, no changes in the unsupervised categorization were observed when participants were taught a classification that was specified by a more fine tuning of the relative salience of the two dimensions...
- Understanding of the concept of numerically "less" by bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)Kelly Jaakkola
Dolphin Research Center DRC, Grassy Key, FL 33050, USA
J Comp Psychol 119:296-303. 2005..Their pattern of errors was consistent with the idea of an underlying analog magnitude representation...
- Analogical reasoning in a capuchin monkey (Cebus apella)Erica Hoy Kennedy
Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, GA, USA
J Comp Psychol 122:167-75. 2008..This evidence suggests that contrary to previous arguments, a member of a New World monkey species can solve an analogical problem...
- Discriminative stimulus properties of dextromethorphan in ratsM Gavend
Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, Faculte de Medecine de Grenoble, France
Biomed Pharmacother 49:456-64. 1995..b>Stimulus generalization tests were conducted with dextrorphan, an active metabolite of DM, and with drugs selected from different ..
- Perception of pitch by goldfishRichard R Fay
Parmly Hearing Institute, Department of Psychology, Loyola University, Chicago, IL 60626, USA
Hear Res 205:7-20. 2005Classical conditioning and stimulus generalization methods have revealed much about the sense of hearing in non-human animals, and are now used here to investigate how goldfish perceive a variety of complex sounds, including multi-..
- Nalorphine's ability to substitute for morphine in a drug discrimination procedure is a function of training doseS D Grabus
Department of Psychology, American University, Washington, DC 20016, USA
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 63:481-8. 1999..To assess if training dose influences stimulus generalization to nalorphine and to support its role in the aforementioned variability across studies, in the present ..
- Perception of the periodicity strength of complex sounds by the chinchillaWilliam P Shofner
Parmly Hearing Institute, Loyola University Chicago, 6525 N Sheridan Rd, IL 60626, USA
Hear Res 173:69-81. 2002The perception of periodicity strength was studied in chinchillas using a stimulus generalization paradigm in an operant-conditioning, positive reinforcement behavioral task...
- Antagonism of metabotropic glutamate receptor 4 receptors by (RS)-alpha-cyclopropyl-4-phosphonophenylglycine alters the taste of amino acids in ratsB K Eschle
Department of Biology and Vermont Chemical Senses Group, 109 Carrigan Drive, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
Neuroscience 163:1292-301. 2009..a group III mGluR selective antagonist with a strong binding affinity for mGluR4 receptors, can impact stimulus generalization. Rats showed cross-generalization between MSG and all three amino acids (all mixed with amiloride to ..
- Stimulus generalization of conditioned eyelid responses produced without cerebellar cortex: implications for plasticity in the cerebellar nucleiTatsuya Ohyama
Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, and Keck Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, Texas 77225, USA
Learn Mem 10:346-54. 2003..These results cannot be explained solely by a cell-wide increase in the excitability of deep nucleus neurons, and imply that an input-specific mechanism in the deep cerebellar nucleus operates as well...
- The dopamine D3 receptor antagonist PNU-99194A fails to block (+)-7-OH-DPAT substitution for D-amphetamine or cocaineL E Baker
Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo 49008, USA
Eur J Pharmacol 358:101-9. 1998The present study examined the role of dopamine D3 receptor actions in the stimulus generalization produced by (+)-7-OH-DPAT in rats trained to discriminate either D-amphetamine or cocaine from saline...
- Dissociation between medial temporal lobe and basal ganglia memory systems in schizophreniaSzabolcs Keri
Department of Psychiatry, University of Szeged, Semmelweis u 6, Szeged, H 6725, Hungary
Schizophr Res 77:321-8. 2005..The learning of stimulus-response pairs is related to the BG, whereas the MTL system participates in stimulus generalization. Forty-three patients with DSM-IV schizophrenia and 28 matched healthy controls participated...
- Perception of two-tone complexes by the goldfish (Carassius auratus)R R Fay
Department of Psychology and Parmly Hearing Institute, Loyola University Chicago, IL 60626, USA
Hear Res 120:17-24. 1998Previous experiments on the sense of hearing in goldfish have used a stimulus generalization paradigm to investigate the perceptual dimensions evoked by spectrally and temporally complex sounds...
- Disruption of GABAA in the insect antennal lobe generally increases odor detection and discrimination thresholdsEsther K Mwilaria
Department of Biology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
Chem Senses 33:267-81. 2008..In all cases, we used matched saline-injected controls in a blind study. Using a stimulus generalization assay, we found that GABA A disruption abolished the differential response to related odors, suggesting ..
- Behavioral responses to harmonic complex tones with missing fundamental frequencies by chinchillas in the presence of low-pass masking noiseWilliam P Shofner
Dept of Speech and Hearing Sci, Indiana Univ, 200 S Jordan Ave, Bloomington, IN 47405
J Acoust Soc Am 125:2722. 2009..Behavioral responses to missing F0 stimuli were measured in chinchillas using operant conditioning and stimulus generalization. Animals were trained to discriminate between harmonic complex tones having a 500-Hz F0 and a 125-Hz F0...
- Further characterization of the stimulus properties of 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,3-dioxolo[4,5-g]isoquinolineRichard A Glennon
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Box 980540, Richmond, VA 23298 0540, USA
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 72:379-87. 2002..Specifically, the stimulus similarities of TDIQ, PMMA, and DOM were examined. In no case was stimulus generalization (substitution) observed...
- Discriminative stimulus properties of indorenate, a serotonin agonistD N Velazquez-Martinez
Depto Psicofisiología, Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico D F, Mexico
J Psychiatry Neurosci 24:122-30. 1999..3H]-8-hydroxy-2-(di-N-propylamino) tetralin (8-OH-DPAT)...
- Pitch perception in chinchillas (Chinchilla laniger): stimulus generalization using rippled noiseWilliam P Shofner
Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
J Comp Psychol 121:428-39. 2007..trained to discriminate IIRN[+] with a 4-ms delay from IIRN[+] with a 2-ms delay and then tested in a stimulus generalization paradigm with IIRN[+] at delays between 2 and 4 ms...
- Beta-oxygenated analogues of the 5-HT2A serotonin receptor agonist 1-(4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-aminopropaneRichard A Glennon
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Box 980540, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298, USA
J Med Chem 47:6034-41. 2004..However, in an in vivo test of central action (i.e., stimulus generalization with rats as subjects), 6d was >15 times less potent than R(-)DOB. O-Methylation of 6d (i.e...
- Serotonergic-dopaminergic mediation of MDMA's discriminative stimulus effects in a three-choice discriminationAmy K Goodwin
Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 74:987-95. 2003..D-Amphetamine produced only partial substitution for MDMA while fenfluramine produced complete stimulus generalization. Low doses of D-amphetamine and fenfluramine produced greater stimulus generalization when administered ..
- Assessment of the discriminative stimulus effects of the D3 dopamine antagonist PNU-99194A in rats: comparison with psychomotor stimulantsL E Baker
Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo 49008, USA
Behav Pharmacol 8:243-52. 1997..p.) from saline in a two-choice, water-reinforced drug discrimination procedure. In tests of stimulus generalization, PNU-99194A (1.25-40.0 mg/kg, s.c. and i.p.) did not substitute for cocaine. PNU-99194A (5...
- Negative valence widens generalization of learningEitan Schechtman
Department of Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel 76100
J Neurosci 30:10460-4. 2010..We use stimulus generalization in humans to show that tones that were negatively reinforced induce wider generalization curves than ..
- Sound source segregation by goldfish: two simultaneous tonesRichard R Fay
Parmly Hearing Institute, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60626, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 125:4053-9. 2009..of two simultaneous tones was investigated in goldfish using classical respiratory conditioning and a stimulus generalization paradigm...
- Molecular features of odorants systematically influence slow temporal responses across clusters of coordinated antennal lobe units in the moth Manduca sextaKevin C Daly
Department of Entomology, The Ohio State University, 400 Aronoff Laboratory, 318 W 12th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
J Neurophysiol 92:236-54. 2004Behavioral studies of olfactory discrimination and stimulus generalization in many species indicate that the molecular features of monomolecular odorants are important for odor discrimination...
- Temporal coding mediates discrimination of "bitter" taste stimuli by an insectJohn I Glendinning
Department of Biological Sciences, Barnard College, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
J Neurosci 26:8900-8. 2006..We found that the pattern of stimulus generalization in both intact and lat-ablated caterpillars could only be predicted by temporal coding...
- Generalization of cross-modal stimulus equivalence classes: operant processes as components in human category formationS D Lane
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 77030, USA
J Exp Anal Behav 70:267-79. 1998This study employed a stimulus-class rating procedure to explore whether stimulus equivalence and stimulus generalization can combine to promote the formation of open-ended categories incorporating cross-modal stimuli...
- Caffeine induces differential cross tolerance to the amphetamine-like discriminative stimulus effects of dopaminergic agonistsRaka Jain
National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
Brain Res Bull 65:415-21. 2005..Thus, caffeine produces differential cross tolerance to the amphetamine-like discriminative effects of dopaminergic drugs, a phenomenon in which the dopamine D(1) receptor appears to have an important role...
- Integrality/separability of stimulus dimensions and multidimensional generalization in pigeonsFabian A Soto
Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 36:194-205. 2010The authors present a quantitative framework for interpreting the results of multidimensional stimulus generalization experiments in animals using concepts derived from the geometrical approach to human cognition...
- Shepard's universal law supported by honeybees in spatial generalizationK Cheng
Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney NSW 2109, Australia
Psychol Sci 11:403-8. 2000..the S+) is likely to respond to similar but recognizably different stimuli, the ubiquitous phenomenon of stimulus generalization. On the basis of functional analyses of the probabilistic structure of the world, Shepard formulated a ..
- Stimulus generalization in two associative learning processesStijn M J van Osselaer
Center for Decision Research, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 30:626-38. 2004....
- Adaptive auditory risk assessment in the dogbane tiger moth when pursued by batsJohn M Ratcliffe
Center for Sound Communication, Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, 5230 Odense M, Denmark
Proc Biol Sci 278:364-70. 2011..Using an integrated test of stimulus generalization and dishabituation, here we show that C...
- Effects of competitive and noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists in rats trained to discriminate NMDA from salineJ Willetts
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond
J Pharmacol Exp Ther 251:627-33. 1989..In stimulus generalization tests, NPC 12626 and 3-(2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)propyl-1-phosphonate at doses higher than those required ..
- [Evaluation of the discriminative stimulus effect of an enkephalin analog, EK-399, in the rat]N Nishida
Drug Safety Research Laboratories, Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd, Osaka, Japan
Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi 97:361-9. 1991..In stimulus generalization tests, morphine (10 mg/kg) and buprenorphine (0...
- Stimulus generalization, context change, and forgettingM E Bouton
Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington 05405, USA
Psychol Bull 125:171-86. 1999..The physical contexts manipulated in learning and memory experiments themselves occur within a superordinate temporal context and can thus be forgotten with no inherent challenge to a context-change account of forgetting...
- Aminorex produces stimulus effects similar to amphetamine and unlike those of fenfluramineR Young
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298 0540
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 42:175-8. 1992..23 mg/kg), which was found to be slightly less potent than (+)-amphetamine. Fenfluramine stimulus generalization did not occur to aminorex...
- Neurogenetic approaches to habituation and dishabituation in DrosophilaJeff E Engel
Department of Biological Sciences, Western Illinois University, 1 University Circle, Macomb, IL 61455, USA
Neurobiol Learn Mem 92:166-75. 2009..b>Stimulus generalization (and conversely, the delineation of stimulus specificity) has given insights into the localization of ..
- [Learned equivalence in schizophrenia: novel method for the measurement of memory functions of the hippocampus and basal ganglia]Orsolya Nagy
Bács Kiskun Megyei Onkormányzat Kórháza, Pszichiátriai Osztály, Kecskemet
Psychiatr Hung 20:363-9. 2005..The learning of stimulus-response pairs is related to the BG, whereas the MTL system participates in stimulus generalization. Forty-three patients with DSM-IV schizophrenia and 28 matched healthy controls participated in the study...
- Early heart rate responses to standardized trauma-related pictures predict posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective studyOliver Suendermann
Department of Psychology PO77, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
Psychosom Med 72:301-8. 2010..It has been suggested that associative learning and stimulus generalization play a key role in the development of these symptoms...
- Stimulus generalization of excitation and inhibitionRobert A Rescorla
Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 59:53-67. 2006Five sign-tracking experiments with pigeons investigated the breadth of stimulus generalization of excitatory and inhibitory conditioning...
- Familiarity-based stimulus generalization of conditioned suppression in rats is dependent on the perirhinal cortexJasper Robinson
School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Behav Neurosci 124:587-99. 2010We report that bilateral, excitoxic lesions of the perirhinal cortex attenuate rats' familiarity-based stimulus generalization. After surgery, rats were preexposed either to 2 auditory stimuli (A and B) or to only 1 auditory stimulus (B)...
- How do tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) understand causality involved in tool use?Kazuo Fujita
Graduate School of Letters, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 29:233-42. 2003..The possible role of stimulus generalization is also considered.
- Time course of the ethanol-like discriminative stimulus effects of abused inhalants in miceScott E Bowen
Department of Psychology, Behavioral Pharmacology and Toxicology Laboratory, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 91:345-50. 2009..After 20-min inhalation exposures to toluene (500-6000 ppm) or TRI (1000-12,000 ppm), stimulus generalization was examined at 0, 5, 10, 20, and 40 min post-exposure. Ethanol doses>or=0...
- The effects of programming common stimuli for enhancing stimulus generalization of academic behaviorEric M Mesmer
Oklahoma State University, School Psychology Program, 420 Willard Hall, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078, USA
J Appl Behav Anal 40:553-7. 2007..The importance of methodological rigor in future research exploring generalization and the need to compare generalization strategies are discussed...
- Effects of stimulus size and spatial organization on pigeons' conditional same-different discriminationLeyre Castro
The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, United States
Behav Processes 83:162-71. 2010..Accuracy scores revealed virtually perfect stimulus generalization across various item sizes and spatial organizations...
- How do pigeons represent numbers? Studies of number scale bisectionWilliam A Roberts
Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont, Canada N6A 5C2
Behav Processes 69:33-43. 2005..An associative model that assumed stimulus generalization between numbers was used to predict the findings of these two experiments...
- Category learning in rhesus monkeys: a study of the Shepard, Hovland, and Jenkins (1961) tasksJ David Smith
Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
J Exp Psychol Gen 133:398-414. 2004..The authors discuss the character and basis of the species difference in categorization and consider whether monkeys are the generalization-based cognitive system that humans are not...
Research Grants106 found, 100 shown here
- Similarity and Generalization in Category LearningMatthew Jones; Fiscal Year: 2006b>Stimulus generalization is a fundamental component process of any cognitive task, because stimuli and contexts are never precisely repeated...
- BEHAVIORAL PHARMACOLOGY OF NARCOTIC ANTAGONISTSSTEPHEN HOLTZMAN; Fiscal Year: 1980..0, 3.0 or 10 mg/kg of morphine. Stimulus generalization (i.e...
- FUNCTIONAL COMMUNICATION TRAINING AUGMENTED WITH CHOICESDavid Wacker; Fiscal Year: 2003..FCT) has been successful in suppressing aberrant behavior, inducing prosocial behavior, and promoting stimulus generalization. In this proposed project, they will evaluate key elements of both the assessment and the treatment ..
- MODELS FOR LEARNING, MEMORY, AND INFERENCEJOHN STADDON; Fiscal Year: 2001..be incorporated into models for choice? The work on diffusion arose from study of the dynamics of stimulus generalization, a basic property of all associative learning...
- Reinstatement of drug-maintained behavior suppressed by extinction or an availablBrett C Ginsburg; Fiscal Year: 2010..Finally, (4) stimulus generalization curves are established following 30 or 60 days of ethanol self-administration or suppressed ethanol-self-..
- Reinstatement of drug-maintained behavior suppressed by extinction or an availablBRETT GINSBURG; Fiscal Year: 2009..Finally, (4) stimulus generalization curves are established following 30 or 60 days of ethanol self-administration or suppressed ethanol-self-..
- NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SOUND SOURCE IN VERTEBRATESRichard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2002..These results will help in the development and evaluation of animal models for human hearing and help establish the comparative and evolutionary contexts within which the human sense of hearing can be better understood. ..
- GHB: Discrimination and effects on learningLisa Baker; Fiscal Year: 2003..Behavior under these assays is sensitive to other abused drugs. Therefore, these assays may be of value in characterizing the effects of GHB. ..
- Origins of Binaural Processing in VertebratesRichard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Sound Source Segregation and DeterminationRichard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2007..features will be investigated for their effects on perception using behavioral conditioning methods using stimulus generalization paradigms. Aim 2: We will investigate auditory source segregation using multiple, discrete local sources...
- Comprehensive database of drug discrimination and self-administration researchIan Stolerman; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- COMPREHENSIVE DATABASE OF DRUG DISCRIMINATION RESEARCHIan Stolerman; Fiscal Year: 2001..The database now covers year 1951-1997 (2,585 citations); it is estimated this will increase to over 3,000 in the next three years. ..
- COMPREHENSIVE DATABASE OF DRUG DISCRIMINATION RESEARCHIan Stolerman; Fiscal Year: 1993..The present database covers the years 1951-1991 and it con- tains about 1600 citations; it is estimated this will be increased to about 2100 in the next three years...
- Periodicity Processing in the Auditory SystemWilliam Shofner; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Developing a Model of Transitive BehaviorKaren Lionello DeNolf; Fiscal Year: 2005..Ultimately, this rat model will lead to advances in the assessment of non-language based symbolic behavior, and to applications in the fields of behavioral toxicology and animal models of developmental disabilities. ..
- Maternal Separation: Rat Model of Opioid VulnerabilitySTEPHEN HOLTZMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Self-administration of abused inhalants in miceScott Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING, AND MEMORYROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING, AND MEMORYROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING AND MEMORYROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 1993....
- COMPREHENSIVE DATABASE OF DRUG DISCRIMINATION RESEARCHIan Stolerman; Fiscal Year: 2006..The database now covers years 1951-2000 (3,314 citations); from the recent rate of growth, it is estimated this will increase to over 4,300 in the next five years. ..
- BEHAVIORAL PHARMACOLOGY OF NARCOTIC ANTAGONISTSSTEPHEN HOLTZMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002..Acute agonist-induced sensitization to opioid antagonists appears to be an exquisite example of neuronal plasticity, reflecting the first hours of the drug-receptor interactions that lead to chronic physical dependence upon opioids. ..
- PERCEPTUAL CLASSIFICATION, LEARNING, AND MEMORYROBERT NOSOFSKY; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- BEHAVIORAL PHARMACOLOGY OF OPIOIDSSTEPHEN HOLTZMAN; Fiscal Year: 2004....