Genomes and Genes
Summary: The principle that items experienced together enter into a connection, so that one tends to reinstate the other.
Publications267 found, 100 shown here
- Induction of cAMP response element-binding protein-dependent medium-term memory by appetitive gustatory reinforcement in Drosophila larvaeKen Honjo
Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305 8572, Japan
J Neurosci 25:7905-13. 2005..Moreover, we also show that synaptic output of larval mushroom body neurons is required for retrieval but not for acquisition and retention of the larval memory, including the CREB-dependent component...
- Involvement of the CA3-CA1 synapse in the acquisition of associative learning in behaving miceAgnes Gruart
Division de Neurociencias, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
J Neurosci 26:1077-87. 2006..Our results provide evidence of a relationship between activity-dependent synaptic plasticity and associative learning in behaving mice...
- Hippocampal activation during transitive inference in humansStephan Heckers
Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, East CNY 9112, Bldg 149, Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
Hippocampus 14:153-62. 2004..We conclude that immediate access to simple stimulus-stimulus relationships is mediated via the parahippocampal gyrus, whereas the flexible representation of memory requires the recruitment of the hippocampus...
- Disrupted prediction-error signal in psychosis: evidence for an associative account of delusionsP R Corlett
Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
Brain 130:2387-400. 2007..Our results support a neurobiological theory of delusion formation that implicates aberrant prediction-error signalling, disrupted attentional allocation and associative learning in the formation of delusional beliefs...
- The role of the lateral frontal cortex in causal associative learning: exploring preventative and super-learningDanielle C Turner
Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, CB2 2QQ, UK
Cereb Cortex 14:872-80. 2004..Furthermore, its activity is not directly explicable in terms of novelty or response errors and appears directly related to the learning that arises out of prediction error...
- Prediction error during retrospective revaluation of causal associations in humans: fMRI evidence in favor of an associative model of learningPhilip R Corlett
Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, United Kingdom
Neuron 44:877-88. 2004..Our results support a modified associative account of retrospective revaluation and demonstrate the potential of functional neuroimaging as a tool for evaluating competing learning models...
- The cognitive representation of action: automatic integration of perceived action effectsB Hommel
Max Planck Institute for Psychological Research, Munchen, Germany
Psychol Res 59:176-86. 1996..Results are interpreted as evidence for an automatic integration of information about action effects and taken as support of an action-concept model of action-effect integration and stimulus-response compatibility...
- Dissociating hippocampal versus basal ganglia contributions to learning and transferCatherine E Myers
Rutgers University Newark, University Avenue, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 15:185-93. 2003..This finding has implications for understanding the distinct contributions of the medial temporal lobe and basal ganglia to learning and memory...
- New names for known things: on the association of novel word forms with existing semantic informationChristian Dobel
Institut für Biomagnetismus und Biosignalanalyse, Malmedyweg 15, 48149 Munster, Germany
J Cogn Neurosci 22:1251-61. 2010..Neural networks mediating these integration processes were found within left temporal lobe, an area typically described as one of the main generators of the N400 response...
- The propositional nature of human associative learningChris J Mitchell
School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Kensington, Australia
Behav Brain Sci 32:183-98; discussion 198-246. 2009....
- Wistar rats show episodic-like memory for unique experiencesEmriye Kart-Teke
Institute of Physiological Psychology, Center for Biological and Medical Research, Heinrich Heine University of Dusseldorf, D 40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
Neurobiol Learn Mem 85:173-82. 2006..quot; We also found that acute stress impaired the animal's performance in the episodic-like memory task, which, however, could be partially reversed by the N-Methyl-D-aspartate-receptors agonist D-cycloserine...
- Selective and shared contributions of the hippocampus and perirhinal cortex to episodic item and associative encodingBernhard P Staresina
New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 20:1478-89. 2008..Critically, together with a separately conducted behavioral study, these data raise the possibility that PrC encoding operations -- in conjunction with hippocampal mechanisms -- contribute to later recollection of presented item details...
- Differential effects of age on item and associative measures of memory: a meta-analysisSusan R Old
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, MO 65211, USA
Psychol Aging 23:104-18. 2008....
- Histone deacetylase inhibitors improve learning consolidation in young and in KA-induced-neurodegeneration and SAMP-8-mutant miceAngela Fontán-Lozano
Division de Neurociencias, Universidad Pablo de Olavide de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain
Mol Cell Neurosci 39:193-201. 2008..These results point out HDAC inhibitors as candidate agents for the palliative treatment of learning and memory impairments in aging and in neurodegenerative disorders...
- Effect of 7,8-dihydroxyflavone, a small-molecule TrkB agonist, on emotional learningRaul Andero
Institute of Neurosciences, Animal Physiology Unit, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
Am J Psychiatry 168:163-72. 2011..The authors combined pharmacological, biochemical, and behavioral approaches in a preclinical study examining the role of 7,8-DHF in modulating emotional memory in mice...
- Reduced Kamin blocking in non paranoid schizophrenia: associations with schizotypyP M Moran
School of Psychology, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
J Psychiatr Res 37:155-63. 2003....
- The predictive value of changes in effective connectivity for human learningC Buchel
The Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Science 283:1538-41. 1999..The time course of these plastic changes was highly correlated with individual learning performance, suggesting that interactions between brain areas underlie associative learning...
- Hippocampal, parahippocampal and occipital-temporal contributions to associative and item recognition memory: an fMRI studyA P Yonelinas
Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroscience, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
Neuroreport 12:359-63. 2001..The results indicate that partially distinct temporal lobe regions are involved during recognition memory for item and associative information...
- Adult age differences in memory performance: tests of an associative deficit hypothesisM Naveh-Benjamin
Department of Behavioral Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 26:1170-87. 2000..The implications of these results to older adults' episodic memory performance are discussed...
- Context, ambiguity, and unlearning: sources of relapse after behavioral extinctionMark E Bouton
Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 0134, USA
Biol Psychiatry 52:976-86. 2002..The article concludes with several issues for future research, among them the question of how we can optimize extinction and other putative "unlearning" treatments so as to prevent the various forms of relapse discussed here...
- Effect of aging on stimulus-reward association learningT Mell
Department of Neurology, Berlin NeuroImaging Center, Charite, Campus Mitte, Schumannstr 20 21, 10117 Berlin, Germany
Neuropsychologia 43:554-63. 2005..tasks requiring flexible adaptation to external feedback, which could be related to impairments in reward association learning. To study the effect of aging on stimulus-reward association learning 20 young and 20 older adults ..
- An investigation of learning strategy supporting transitive inference performance in humans compared to other speciesSandra N Moses
Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Canada
Neuropsychologia 44:1370-87. 2006..Our work stipulates that cross-species generalizations must be interpreted cautiously, since performance on the same task may be mediated by different strategies and/or neural systems...
- Associative encoding in anterior piriform cortex versus orbitofrontal cortex during odor discrimination and reversal learningMatthew R Roesch
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
Cereb Cortex 17:643-52. 2007....
- Heterarchical reinforcement-learning model for integration of multiple cortico-striatal loops: fMRI examination in stimulus-action-reward association learningMasahiko Haruno
ATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories, Department of Computational Neurobiology, 2 2 2 Hikaridai, Soraku gun, Kyoto, Japan
Neural Netw 19:1242-54. 2006..The model makes several fMRI-testable predictions of brain activity during stimulus-action-reward association learning. The caudate nucleus and the cognitive cortical areas are correlated with reward prediction error, while ..
- Associative learning of odor with food- or blood-meal by Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae)Jeffery K Tomberlin
Department of Entomology, Texas A and M University, 1229 N US Hwy 281, Stephenville, TX 76401, USA
Naturwissenschaften 93:551-6. 2006..Such information could lead to a better understanding of the ability of mosquitoes to locate and select host and food resources in nature...
- Comparison of learning-related neuronal activity in the dorsal premotor cortex and striatumPeter J Brasted
Section on Neurophysiology, Laboratory of Systems Neuroscience, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 4401, Maryland, USA
Eur J Neurosci 19:721-40. 2004..As a population, however, learning-related changes in activity continued after the monkeys reached an asymptote in performance...
- Activation of human hippocampal formation reflects success in both encoding and cued recall of paired associatesJed A Meltzer
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, TAC N134 C, New Haven, CT 06520 0843, USA
Neuroimage 24:384-97. 2005..The conjunction of these effects suggests that it is correct to view both encoding and recall of associative memories as functions of an integrated hippocampal system...
- Acquisition of automatic imitation is sensitive to sensorimotor contingencyRichard Cook
Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, London, United Kingdom
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 36:840-52. 2010..If this is correct, associative learning theory could be used to explain, predict, and intervene in mirror system development...
- Transcranial direct current stimulation influences probabilistic association learning in schizophreniaAns Vercammen
School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Schizophr Res 131:198-205. 2011Schizophrenia is associated with heterogeneity in symptoms, cognition and treatment response. Probabilistic association learning, involving a gradual learning of cue-outcome associations, activates a frontal-striatal network in healthy ..
- Dopaminergic medication boosts action-effect binding in Parkinson's diseaseJames W Moore
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, UK
Neuropsychologia 48:1125-32. 2010..These results shed light on the contribution of dopamine to the experience of instrumental action, and also on impulse control disorders and psychosis in medicated PD patients...
- Learned associability and associative change in human causal learningM E Le Pelley
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Q J Exp Psychol B 56:68-79. 2003..Taken in combination, these results provide good support for Mackintosh (1975) and the characterizations of both cue and outcome processing that it offers...
- ERP correlates of source memory: unitized source information increases familiarity-based retrievalRachel A Diana
Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, 134 Young Hall, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Brain Res 1367:278-86. 2011..The ERP and behavioral findings provide converging evidence for the idea that familiarity can contribute to source recognition, particularly when source information is encoded as an item detail...
- Errorless learning and memory performance in schizophreniaCiaran C Mulholland
Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, The Queen s University of Belfast, The Whitla Medical Building, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast, BT9 7BL, United Kingdom
Psychiatry Res 159:180-8. 2008..Errorless learning may play an important role in remediation of cognitive deficits for patients with schizophrenia...
- Habitual versus goal-directed action control in Parkinson diseaseSanne de Wit
Department of Psychology, Amsterdam Center for Study of Adaptive Control in Brain and Behavior Acacia, University of Amsterdam, Roeterstraat 15, 1018 WB, The Netherlands
J Cogn Neurosci 23:1218-29. 2011..If anything our results suggest a disease severity-dependent deficit in goal-directed behavior. These results are discussed in the context of Parkinson disease and the neurobiology of habitual and goal-directed behavior...
- Probing the transformation of discontinuous associations into episodic memory: an event-related fMRI studyShaozheng Qin
Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences CAS, 100101, Beijing, China
Neuroimage 38:212-22. 2007....
- The representation of instructions operates like a prepared reflex: flanker compatibility effects found in first trial following S-R instructionsOshrit Cohen-Kdoshay
Department of Behavioral Sciences ans Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
Exp Psychol 56:128-33. 2009..The authors show that the FCE was present in the first trial immediately following the instructions, thus providing unequivocal support for the PR metaphor...
- Understanding the neural computations of arbitrary visuomotor learning through fMRI and associative learning theoryAndrea Brovelli
CNRS UMR 6193, Mediterranean Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille, France
Cereb Cortex 18:1485-95. 2008..The results provide quantitative evidence of the neural computations mediating arbitrary visuomotor learning and suggest new directions for future computational models...
- Apes save tools for future useNicholas J Mulcahy
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Science 312:1038-40. 2006..These findings suggest that the precursor skills for planning for the future evolved in great apes before 14 million years ago, when all extant great ape species shared a common ancestor...
- Do chimpanzees learn reputation by observation? Evidence from direct and indirect experience with generous and selfish strangersFrancys Subiaul
Department of Speech and Hearing Science, Mind, Brain and Evolution Cluster, The George Washington University, 2115 G Street, NW 204, Washington, DC 20001, USA
Anim Cogn 11:611-23. 2008..These results demonstrate that chimpanzees can infer the reputation of strangers by eavesdropping on third-party interactions...
- Impaired associative learning in chronic schizophrenics and their first-degree relatives: a study of latent inhibition and the Kamin blocking effectA Martins Serra
Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
Schizophr Res 48:273-89. 2001..The severe impairment in basic associative learning in schizophrenic patients and their kin warrants further investigation...
- The parahippocampal cortex mediates spatial and nonspatial associationsE Aminoff
Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging at MGH, Harvard Medical School, Cahrlestown, MA 02129, USA
Cereb Cortex 17:1493-503. 2007..By modifying the existing view of the PHC function accordingly, the seemingly contradicting processes that activate it can be reconciled under one overarching framework...
- The misbehavior of value and the discipline of the willPeter Dayan
Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, UCL, 17 Queen Square, London, UK
Neural Netw 19:1153-60. 2006..The misbehavior created by Pavlovian values can be quite debilitating; we discuss how it may be disciplined...
- Electrical stimulation of the rostral medial prefrontal cortex in rabbits inhibits the expression of conditioned eyelid responses but not their acquisitionRocio Leal-Campanario
Division de Neurociencias, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:11459-64. 2007..Functional and behavioral implications of this inhibitory role of the rostral mPFC are discussed...
- Associative memory and the medial temporal lobesAndrew Mayes
School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
Trends Cogn Sci 11:126-35. 2007..Using this framework, we consider psychological, lesion and functional imaging evidence, highlighting how informational convergence in the brain underlies the associative nature of both memory and perception...
- Theories of associative learning in animalsJ M Pearce
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF1 3YG, United Kingdom
Annu Rev Psychol 52:111-39. 2001..The implications of the theories for understanding how humans derive causal judgments and solve categorization problems is considered...
- Schemas and memory consolidationDorothy Tse
Laboratory for Cognitive Neuroscience, Centre for Cognitive and Neural Systems, and Centre for Neuroscience Research, University of Edinburgh, 1 George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, Scotland, UK
Science 316:76-82. 2007..The concept of neocortical schemas may unite psychological accounts of knowledge structures with neurobiological theories of systems memory consolidation...
- Remembering visual motion: neural correlates of associative plasticity and motion recall in cortical area MTAnja Schlack
Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
Neuron 53:881-90. 2007..This emergent shape selectivity reflects activation of neurons representing the motion stimuli recalled by association, and it suggests that recall-related activity may be a general feature of neurons in visual cortex...
- Role of the hippocampal system in associative learning beyond the spatial domainP J Brasted
Laboratory of Systems Neuroscience, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 4401, USA
Brain 126:1202-23. 2003....
- The hippocampus and memory for "what," "where," and "when"Ceren Ergorul
Center for Memory and Brain, Program in Neuroscience, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
Learn Mem 11:397-405. 2004..These findings indicate that rats integrate "what," "where," and "when" information in memory for single experiences, and that the hippocampus is critical to this capacity...
- Neural correlates of encoding within- and across-domain inter-item associationsHeekyeong Park
Department of Psychology, University of Texas Arlington, Arlington, TX 75069 19528, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 23:2533-43. 2011....
- Evidence for the role of higher order reasoning processes in cue competition and other learning phenomenaJan De Houwer
Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Learn Behav 33:239-49. 2005..We review the evidence that supports this hypothesis and discuss whether higher order reasoning might also play a role in other learning phenomena...
- The role of prelimbic cortex in instrumental conditioningLaura H Corbit
Department of Psychology and the Brain Research Institute, University of California, Box 951563, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Behav Brain Res 146:145-57. 2003....
- Electric shock-induced associative olfactory learning in Drosophila larvaeDennis Pauls
Department of Biology, University of Fribourg, Chemin du Musee 10, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
Chem Senses 35:335-46. 2010....
- Smoking expectancy mediates the conditioned responses to arbitrary smoking cuesM Field
Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
Behav Pharmacol 12:183-94. 2001..In addition, these data suggest that craving CRs can be eliminated, whereas compensatory CRs can be facilitated, when cigarette expectancy is removed with instructions...
- Medial temporal lobe activations during associative memory encoding for arbitrary and semantically related object pairsAmelie M Achim
Brain Imaging Group, Douglas Hospital Research Centre, Montreal, Canada
Brain Res 1161:46-55. 2007..Most importantly, this study suggests that associative processing can activate the MTL regardless of the pre-existence of an association between the items of a pair...
- Functional specialisation in the hippocampus and perirhinal cortex during the encoding of verbal associationsAndrea Greve
Wales Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience WICN, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, UK
Neuropsychologia 49:2746-54. 2011..This functional separation is consistent with models in which the hippocampus and perirhinal cortex support two separable processes that contribute to memories for verbal associations...
- Acquired equivalence and distinctiveness of cues: I. Exploring a neural network approachR C Honey
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3YG, Wales, United Kingdom
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 28:378-87. 2002..These results support a connectionist approach to acquired changes in stimulus distinctiveness...
- The ontogeny of human learning in delay, long-delay, and trace eyeblink conditioningJane S Herbert
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Duke University, USA
Behav Neurosci 117:1196-210. 2003..These findings suggest that higher order cognitive abilities begin emerging early in development. Across ontogeny, however, there are changes in the limits and parameters that support associative learning...
- Occasion setting of timing behaviorCharlotte Bonardi
School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 33:339-48. 2007..This manipulation did not have a substantial effect on discrimination performance. These results are discussed with reference to theories of occasion setting, timing, and configural learning...
- Symmetrical generalization decrements: configural stimulus processing in human contingency learningAnna Thorwart
Philipps Universitat Marburg, Marburg, Germany
Learn Behav 37:107-15. 2009..The manipulations of the stimuli had no effect on stimulus processing. This is in line with Pearce's configural model, but it is at variance with the elemental models and previous studies...
- From prediction error to psychosis: ketamine as a pharmacological model of delusionsP R Corlett
Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge, UK
J Psychopharmacol 21:238-52. 2007....
- Dopamine and octopamine differentiate between aversive and appetitive olfactory memories in DrosophilaMartin Schwaerzel
Lehrstuhl für Genetik und Neurobiologie, Biozentrum, Am Hubland, D 97074 Wurzburg, Germany
J Neurosci 23:10495-502. 2003..Our results suggest that in associative conditioning, different memories are formed of the same odor under different circumstances, and that they are linked to the respective motivational systems by their specific modulatory pathways...
- Hemispheric differences in the time-course of semantic priming processes: evidence from event-related potentials (ERPs)Sarah Bouaffre
Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives EA 487, Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux2, Bordeaux, France
Brain Cogn 63:123-35. 2007..In the right visual field/left hemisphere, both N400 and Late Positive Component (LPC/P600) were modulated by semantic relatedness, while only a late effect was present in the left visual field/ right hemisphere...
- Neural correlates of successful encoding of semantically and phonologically mediated inter-item associationsHeekyeong Park
Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 3800, USA
Neuroimage 43:165-72. 2008..The findings suggest that the left VLPFC may play a domain-general role in the encoding of item-item associations, and in addition highlight the importance of elucidating the functional significance of reversed subsequent memory effects...
- Augmentation in contingency learning under time pressureMiguel A Vadillo
Departamento de Psicologia, Universidad de Deusto, Apartado 1, 48080 Bilbao, Spain
Br J Psychol 101:579-89. 2010..The results show that under these conditions, augmentation, instead of blocking, is observed...
- What-where-when memory in magpies (Pica pica)Ann Zinkivskay
Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Henry Wellcome Building for Neuroecology, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, UK
Anim Cogn 12:119-25. 2009..This shows that magpies can remember which food item they hoarded where, and when, even if the food items only differ from each other in their colour and are dispersed throughout a continuous caching substrate...
- Effects of aging and divided attention on memory for items and their contextsFergus I M Craik
Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, and Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Psychol Aging 25:968-79. 2010....
- Cholinergic lesions produce task-selective effects on delayed matching to position and configural association learning related to response pattern and strategyR B Gibbs
Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy, 1004 Salk Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
Neurobiol Learn Mem 88:19-32. 2007....
- Outcome expectations drive learned behaviour in larval DrosophilaBertram Gerber
Universitat Wurzburg, Lehrstuhl für Genetik und Neurobiologie, Biozentrum Am Hubland, 970 74 Würzburg, Germany
Proc Biol Sci 273:2965-8. 2006..Shown in a system with a simple brain, an apparently cognitive process like representing the expected outcome of behaviour seems to be a basic feature of behaviour control...
- Implicit and explicit category learning by macaques (Macaca mulatta) and humans (Homo sapiens)J David Smith
Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 36:54-65. 2010..These results demonstrate an empirical continuity between human and nonhuman primate cognition, suggesting that nonhuman primates may have some structural components of humans' capacity for explicit cognition...
- Response processes in information-integration category learningBrian J Spiering
Department of Psychology, University of California, 551 University Road, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
Neurobiol Learn Mem 90:330-8. 2008..In these experiments, a consistent association between a category and a response feature was sufficient. The implication of these results for the neurobiology of information-integration category learning is discussed...
- Olfactory learning in individually assayed Drosophila larvaeSabine Scherer
University of Fribourg, Department of Biology and Program in Neuroscience, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
Learn Mem 10:217-25. 2003..As such approaches are established for the larval neuromuscular synapse, but not in adults, an individual larval learning paradigm will serve to link behavioral levels of analysis to synaptic physiology...
- Removing the frontal lobes: the effects of engaging executive functions on perceptual category learningJ Vincent Filoteo
Research Service, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California 92161, USA
Psychol Sci 21:415-23. 2010..These findings demonstrate the paradoxical situation in which learning can be improved under sequential-task conditions and have important implications for training, decision making, and understanding interactive memory systems...
- Human hippocampus associates information in memoryK Henke
Department of Neurology, University Hospital Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:5884-9. 1999..This is compelling evidence for another function of the human hippocampal formation in memory: establishing semantic associations...
- Category label and response location shifts in category learningW Todd Maddox
Department of Psychology, Institute for Neuroscience, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA
Psychol Res 74:219-36. 2010..Implications for the neurobiological basis of these two learned associations are discussed...
- Active maintenance of associative mnemonic signal in monkey inferior temporal cortexMasaki Takeda
Department of Physiology, The University of Tokyo School of Medicine, 7 3 1 Hongo, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
Neuron 48:839-48. 2005..These results suggest that LTM-derived information required for upcoming behavior is actively maintained in the IT neurons, whereas visually derived information tends to be updated irrespective of behavioral relevance...
- Rapid association learning in the primate prefrontal cortex in the absence of behavioral reversalsJason A Cromer
The Picower Institute for Learning and Memory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 23:1823-8. 2011..Previous experiments from our laboratory have used conditional association learning to show that slow, gradual changes in PFC neural activity mirror monkeys' slow acquisition of associations...
- Discontinuous categories affect information-integration but not rule-based category learningW Todd Maddox
Department of Psychology, 1 University Station A8000, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 31:654-69. 2005....
- The interaction between response effects during the acquisition of response primingRüdiger Flach
Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London SE14 6NW, UK
Acta Psychol (Amst) 122:11-26. 2006..By contrast, priming by the visual effect stimulus was potentiated when the auditory effect had been pre-trained. We interpret these interactions in terms of contemporary associative learning theory derived from studies of conditioning...
- Forward and backward second-order Pavlovian conditioning in honeybeesSyed Abid Hussaini
Neurobiology, Institute of Biology, Free University of Berlin, D 14195 Berlin, Germany
Learn Mem 14:678-83. 2007..This showed that backward SOC is not as effective as forward SOC. These results help to delineate different conditions that are critical for the phenomenon of SOC...
- The role of drug expectancy in the control of human drug seekingLee Hogarth
Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, England
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 33:484-96. 2007..This outcome-specific transfer effect indicates that drug-paired stimuli controlled human drug seeking via a representation or expectation of the drug rather than through a direct stimulus-response association...
- A neural circuit model of flexible sensorimotor mapping: learning and forgetting on multiple timescalesStefano Fusi
Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA
Neuron 54:319-33. 2007..This model prediction is confirmed by monkey data. Therefore, our work reveals a scenario for conditional associative learning that is distinct from instant switching between sets of well-established sensorimotor associations...
- Neuronal modifications during visuomotor association learning assessed by electric brain tomographyElke Praeg
Department of Neuropsychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Zurich, Treichlerstrasse 10, CH 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
Brain Topogr 19:61-75. 2006..The present study has shown specific time elements of a visuomotor-memory-related network, which might support learning progress during visuomotor association learning.
- The correlation of learning speed and natural foraging success in bumble-beesNigel E Raine
School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
Proc Biol Sci 275:803-8. 2008....
- A pheromone that rapidly promotes learning in the newbornGérard Coureaud
Centre Européen des Sciences du Goût, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5170, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite de Bourgogne, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 21000 Dijon, France
Curr Biol 16:1956-61. 2006..This reveals that a mammalian pheromone can function as a "cognitive organizer" that promotes early learning of relevant environmental cues...
- Still at the choice-point: action selection and initiation in instrumental conditioningBernard W Balleine
Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1104:147-71. 2007..We discuss a conceptual model that integrates these processes and its neural implementation...
- Side-specific olfactory conditioning leads to more specific odor representation between sides but not within sides in the honeybee antennal lobesJ C Sandoz
Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, Universite Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 cedex 04, Toulouse, France
Neuroscience 120:1137-48. 2003..Our work suggests that side-specific conditioning decorrelates odor representations between AL sides but not between CS+ and CS- within one AL...
- Habituation and dishabituation of exploratory and appetitive responses in the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.)Stephan Shuichi Haupt
Neurobiologie, Institut für Ökologie, Technische Universität FR 1 1, Franklinstr 28 29, 10587 Berlin, Germany
Behav Brain Res 165:12-7. 2005..The potential for habituation was related to the functions of the responses studied. The exploratory antennal response used for continuous sampling of the environment habituated to a smaller extent than the appetitive proboscis response...
- A review of recent developments in research and theories on human contingency learningJan De Houwer
Department of Psychology, University of Ghent, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Q J Exp Psychol B 55:289-310. 2002..We provide a brief review of these recent developments and try to point to issues that need to be addressed in future research...
- A landmark blocks searching for a hidden platform in an environment with a distinctive shape after extended pretrainingMurray R Horne
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales
Learn Behav 37:167-78. 2009..Thus, blocking of geometric cues by a landmark is possible after extended initial training with the blocking cue...
- Sequential task predictability in task switchingIring Koch
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Munich, Germany
Psychon Bull Rev 12:107-12. 2005..The data thus suggest that task switching does not necessarily require a switch-specific reconfiguration process. Rather, task-specific control processes may be needed in both task switches and repetitions...
- Olfactory learning by means of trophallaxis in Apis melliferaMariana Gil
Departamento de Fisiologia, Biologia Molecular y Celular, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellon II, C1428EHA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
J Exp Biol 208:671-80. 2005..Finally, the relevance of learning through trophallaxis in the task of successful foraging is discussed...
- Side-specificity of olfactory learning in the honeybee: US input sideJean Christophe Sandoz
Freie Universitat Berlin, Institut für Biologie Neurobiologie, 14195 Berlin, Germany
Learn Mem 9:337-48. 2002..Based on these data, we propose a functional model of the role of each brain side in processing lateralized CSs and USs in olfactory learning in honeybees...
- Conditional visuo-motor learning in primates: a key role for the basal gangliaFadila Hadj-Bouziane
Institut des Sciences Cognitives, CNRS UMR 5015, 67 Boulevard Pinel, 69675 Bron, France
J Physiol Paris 97:567-79. 2003..In this model, the basal ganglia are thought to play a key role in linking the sensory, motor, and reward information necessary for arbitrary mapping...
- Retinol-binding protein gene is highly expressed in higher-order association areas of the primate neocortexYusuke Komatsu
Division of Speciation Mechanisms 1, National Institute for Basic Biology, Aichi 444 8585, Japan
Cereb Cortex 15:96-108. 2005..In neonatal monkeys, the area-specific expression pattern of RBP was less distinct, suggesting that the characteristic expression of RBP in higher-order association areas is mainly established postnatally...
- Associative mechanosensory conditioning of the proboscis extension reflex in honeybeesMartin Giurfa
Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
Learn Mem 11:294-302. 2004..This paradigm constitutes, therefore, a new standard procedure for further learning studies in honeybees...
- Relations between Pavlovian-instrumental transfer and reinforcer devaluationPeter C Holland
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 30:104-17. 2004....
- Automatic integration of non-perceptual action effect features: the case of the associative affective Simon effectTom Beckers
Department of Psychology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Psychol Res 66:166-73. 2002..The results of Experiment 2 replicated those of Experiment 1, using alternating target-response assignment. These findings point to the integration of affective action effect feature codes in the cognitive representation of actions...
- Punishment prediction by dopaminergic neurons in DrosophilaThomas Riemensperger
Bayerische Julius Maximilians Universität Würzburg, Theodor Boveri Institut, Lehrstuhl für Genetik und Neurobiologie, Biozentrum, Germany
Curr Biol 15:1953-60. 2005..However, the dopaminergic neurons' capability of mediating and predicting a reinforcing stimulus appears to be conserved between Drosophila and mammals...
- Coherence of gamma-band EEG activity as a basis for associative learningW H Miltner
Department of Biological and Clinical Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany
Nature 397:434-6. 1999..In this way, coherence may be a signature for this and other types of learning...
- Ryanodine receptor modulation of in vitro associative learning in Hermissenda crassicornisK T Blackwell
Institute for Computational Sciences and Informatics, George Mason University, Krasnow Institute, MS 2A1, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
Brain Res 822:114-25. 1999..These results suggest a role for the ryanodine receptor in both a cellular correlate of classical conditioning and light adaptation...
Research Grants189 found, 100 shown here
- Associative LearningROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2005..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
- AMYGDALA SYSTEMS AND ASSOCIATIVE LEARNINGPeter Holland; Fiscal Year: 1999..The proposed behavioral and neurobiological studies may provide new insights into cognitive functions of the amygdala, as well as relations between cognitive and motivational functions in associative learning. ..
- Role of amygdala systems in associative learningPeter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Associatively-activated event representationsPeter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2006..The proposed research provides a basis for the understanding of basic processing of imaginal events in associative learning. ..
- Amygdala systems in associative learningPeter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed studies will clarify the CEA's roles in the modulation of basal forebrain cholinergic systems and midbrain-striatal dopamine systems in food-based associative learning. ..
- Alcohol Cues:Opioid Anatagonism/ Behavioral EconomicsTIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005..Future studies could examine the role of specific opioid receptor subtypes or other receptor systems in the effects of alcohol cues and their relationship to genetic susceptibility to alcoholism. ..
- Extinction and Recovery in Associative LearningMARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results will increase our understanding of extinction, a fundamental behavioral and clinical phenomenon, and will suggest ways to help promote extinction learning so as to minimize lapse and relapse. ..
- Divided Attention and Reinforcement VariablesTIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Temporal and Associative Aspects of Pavlovian LearningMARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2006..Many of the results will also increase our understanding of the causes of relapse after therapy and suggest ways to help prevent or minimize that relapse. ..
- US Specific and General Processes in Pavlovian LearningANDREW DELAMATER; Fiscal Year: 2006..More globally, it is hoped that these studies will provide a much firmer basis upon which to think about the cognitive and motivational foundations of learning. ..
- Extinction and Recovery in Associative LearningMark E Bouton; Fiscal Year: 2010..The results will increase our understanding of extinction, a fundamental behavioral and clinical phenomenon, and will suggest ways to help promote extinction learning so as to minimize lapse and relapse. ..
- Behavioral Momentum of Alcohol Self-AdministrationTIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2009..Findings from this project may suggest novel behavioral treatments targeted at reducing the persistence of drug and alcohol abuse and preventing relapse. ..
- Behavioral Momentum of Alcohol Self-AdministrationTIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2009..Findings from this project may suggest novel behavioral treatments targeted at reducing the persisence of drug and alcohol abuse and preventing relapse. ..
- Behavioral Momentum of Alcohol Self-AdministrationTimothy A Shahan; Fiscal Year: 2010..Findings from this project may suggest novel behavioral treatments targeted at reducing the persistence of drug and alcohol abuse and preventing relapse. ..
- DRUGS OF ABUSE AND LEARNED AVERSIONS: SOLVING A PARADOXPATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUSPATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2007..If confirmed, we will have challenged the limits of the traditional "reward circuitry" and better elucidated the mechanisms of reward comparison. ..
- DRUGS OF ABUSE AND LEARNED AVERSIONS: SOLVING A PARADOXPATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2009..aversion to cocaine-induced suppression of CS intake and, in so doing, begin to elucidate underlying substrates. ..
- DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUSPatricia Sue Grigson; Fiscal Year: 2010..e., cocaine and heroin);and (c) Reveal that the nucleus accumbens depends upon an intact thalamocoritical loop to track cocaine's devaluation of a sweet. ..
- DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUSPATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2009..e., cocaine and heroin); and (c) Reveal that the nucleus accumbens depends upon an intact thalamocoritical loop to track cocaine's devaluation of a sweet. ..
- Effects of Aging on Learning & Retrieval of Proper NamesLORI JAMES; Fiscal Year: 2005..Experiments in both projects address theoretical, empirical, and practical questions about memory for proper names and about how name processing changes in old age. ..
- Metacognition in Comparative PerspectiveJ DAVID contact SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Medial Temporal Lobe Contributions to MemoryDEBORAH HANNULA; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Associations between perceptual features and information that was never perceivedJason Arndt; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such a result will suggest that even when eyewitness memory accounts and recovered memories of past traumatic events are accompanied by vivid recollections of perceptual detail, those memories may not be accurate. ..
- A Cognitive Neuroscience Framework for Understanding and Treating Mood DisordersMoshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Common and Specific Risk Factors for Emotional DisordersMichelle Craske; Fiscal Year: 2006..The findings may further our conceptualization of emotional disorders and provide the platform for prevention research. ..
- Reference-dose method and cocaine-conditioned choiceRICK BEVINS; Fiscal Year: 2006..That research could translate into more effective intervention strategies. ..
- Conditioning-specific reflex modificationBERNARD SCHREURS; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Neural Correlates of Autobiographical MemoryDavid Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed research will advance knowledge about the brain systems involved in retrieving information about autobiographical events by bridging between memory for real-world events and memory for laboratory stimuli. ..
- A model of autobiographical memory & its changes in PTSDDavid Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2007..To try to understand the emotional system we will see whether reports of visceral emotional reactions are better predictors of other factors than are more cognitive reports of emotional intensity. ..
- Modeling the Effects of Aging on MemoryRobert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2006..In addition, the studies will demonstrate that perceptual processing abilities must be considered and either controlled for or manipulated in cognitive aging research. ..
- MEMORY, LANGUAGE, CULTUREDavid Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Response Selection as a Function of AgeRobert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002..These guidelines will lead to development of products and environments that allow elderly adults to remain more independent and to engage safely in more activities in their daily lives. ..