association learning

Summary

Summary: The principle that items experienced together enter into a connection, so that one tends to reinstate the other.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Induction of cAMP response element-binding protein-dependent medium-term memory by appetitive gustatory reinforcement in Drosophila larvae
    Ken Honjo
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305 8572, Japan
    J Neurosci 25:7905-13. 2005
  2. ncbi Involvement of the CA3-CA1 synapse in the acquisition of associative learning in behaving mice
    Agnes Gruart
    Division de Neurociencias, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
    J Neurosci 26:1077-87. 2006
  3. ncbi Hippocampal activation during transitive inference in humans
    Stephan Heckers
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, East CNY 9112, Bldg 149, Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Hippocampus 14:153-62. 2004
  4. pmc Disrupted prediction-error signal in psychosis: evidence for an associative account of delusions
    P R Corlett
    Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
    Brain 130:2387-400. 2007
  5. pmc The role of the lateral frontal cortex in causal associative learning: exploring preventative and super-learning
    Danielle C Turner
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, CB2 2QQ, UK
    Cereb Cortex 14:872-80. 2004
  6. ncbi Prediction error during retrospective revaluation of causal associations in humans: fMRI evidence in favor of an associative model of learning
    Philip R Corlett
    Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, United Kingdom
    Neuron 44:877-88. 2004
  7. ncbi The cognitive representation of action: automatic integration of perceived action effects
    B Hommel
    Max Planck Institute for Psychological Research, Munchen, Germany
    Psychol Res 59:176-86. 1996
  8. ncbi Dissociating hippocampal versus basal ganglia contributions to learning and transfer
    Catherine E Myers
    Rutgers University Newark, University Avenue, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:185-93. 2003
  9. doi New names for known things: on the association of novel word forms with existing semantic information
    Christian Dobel
    Institut für Biomagnetismus und Biosignalanalyse, Malmedyweg 15, 48149 Munster, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:1251-61. 2010
  10. doi The propositional nature of human associative learning
    Chris J Mitchell
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Kensington, Australia
    Behav Brain Sci 32:183-98; discussion 198-246. 2009

Research Grants

  1. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2005
  2. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2004
  3. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2001
  4. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2002
  5. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2003
  6. AMYGDALA SYSTEMS AND ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 1999
  7. Role of amygdala systems in associative learning
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2003
  8. Role of amygdala systems in associative learning
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2005
  9. Role of amygdala systems in associative learning
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2001
  10. Associatively-activated event representations
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2006

Detail Information

Publications267 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Induction of cAMP response element-binding protein-dependent medium-term memory by appetitive gustatory reinforcement in Drosophila larvae
    Ken Honjo
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305 8572, Japan
    J Neurosci 25:7905-13. 2005
    ..Moreover, we also show that synaptic output of larval mushroom body neurons is required for retrieval but not for acquisition and retention of the larval memory, including the CREB-dependent component...
  2. ncbi Involvement of the CA3-CA1 synapse in the acquisition of associative learning in behaving mice
    Agnes Gruart
    Division de Neurociencias, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
    J Neurosci 26:1077-87. 2006
    ..Our results provide evidence of a relationship between activity-dependent synaptic plasticity and associative learning in behaving mice...
  3. ncbi Hippocampal activation during transitive inference in humans
    Stephan Heckers
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, East CNY 9112, Bldg 149, Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Hippocampus 14:153-62. 2004
    ..We conclude that immediate access to simple stimulus-stimulus relationships is mediated via the parahippocampal gyrus, whereas the flexible representation of memory requires the recruitment of the hippocampus...
  4. pmc Disrupted prediction-error signal in psychosis: evidence for an associative account of delusions
    P R Corlett
    Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
    Brain 130:2387-400. 2007
    ..Our results support a neurobiological theory of delusion formation that implicates aberrant prediction-error signalling, disrupted attentional allocation and associative learning in the formation of delusional beliefs...
  5. pmc The role of the lateral frontal cortex in causal associative learning: exploring preventative and super-learning
    Danielle C Turner
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, CB2 2QQ, UK
    Cereb Cortex 14:872-80. 2004
    ..Furthermore, its activity is not directly explicable in terms of novelty or response errors and appears directly related to the learning that arises out of prediction error...
  6. ncbi Prediction error during retrospective revaluation of causal associations in humans: fMRI evidence in favor of an associative model of learning
    Philip R Corlett
    Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, United Kingdom
    Neuron 44:877-88. 2004
    ..Our results support a modified associative account of retrospective revaluation and demonstrate the potential of functional neuroimaging as a tool for evaluating competing learning models...
  7. ncbi The cognitive representation of action: automatic integration of perceived action effects
    B Hommel
    Max Planck Institute for Psychological Research, Munchen, Germany
    Psychol Res 59:176-86. 1996
    ..Results are interpreted as evidence for an automatic integration of information about action effects and taken as support of an action-concept model of action-effect integration and stimulus-response compatibility...
  8. ncbi Dissociating hippocampal versus basal ganglia contributions to learning and transfer
    Catherine E Myers
    Rutgers University Newark, University Avenue, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:185-93. 2003
    ..This finding has implications for understanding the distinct contributions of the medial temporal lobe and basal ganglia to learning and memory...
  9. doi New names for known things: on the association of novel word forms with existing semantic information
    Christian Dobel
    Institut für Biomagnetismus und Biosignalanalyse, Malmedyweg 15, 48149 Munster, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:1251-61. 2010
    ..Neural networks mediating these integration processes were found within left temporal lobe, an area typically described as one of the main generators of the N400 response...
  10. doi The propositional nature of human associative learning
    Chris J Mitchell
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Kensington, Australia
    Behav Brain Sci 32:183-98; discussion 198-246. 2009
    ....
  11. ncbi Wistar rats show episodic-like memory for unique experiences
    Emriye Kart-Teke
    Institute of Physiological Psychology, Center for Biological and Medical Research, Heinrich Heine University of Dusseldorf, D 40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 85:173-82. 2006
    ..quot; We also found that acute stress impaired the animal's performance in the episodic-like memory task, which, however, could be partially reversed by the N-Methyl-D-aspartate-receptors agonist D-cycloserine...
  12. pmc Selective and shared contributions of the hippocampus and perirhinal cortex to episodic item and associative encoding
    Bernhard P Staresina
    New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:1478-89. 2008
    ..Critically, together with a separately conducted behavioral study, these data raise the possibility that PrC encoding operations -- in conjunction with hippocampal mechanisms -- contribute to later recollection of presented item details...
  13. doi Differential effects of age on item and associative measures of memory: a meta-analysis
    Susan R Old
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Psychol Aging 23:104-18. 2008
    ....
  14. doi Histone deacetylase inhibitors improve learning consolidation in young and in KA-induced-neurodegeneration and SAMP-8-mutant mice
    Angela Fontán-Lozano
    Division de Neurociencias, Universidad Pablo de Olavide de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain
    Mol Cell Neurosci 39:193-201. 2008
    ..These results point out HDAC inhibitors as candidate agents for the palliative treatment of learning and memory impairments in aging and in neurodegenerative disorders...
  15. pmc Effect of 7,8-dihydroxyflavone, a small-molecule TrkB agonist, on emotional learning
    Raul Andero
    Institute of Neurosciences, Animal Physiology Unit, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Psychiatry 168:163-72. 2011
    ..The authors combined pharmacological, biochemical, and behavioral approaches in a preclinical study examining the role of 7,8-DHF in modulating emotional memory in mice...
  16. ncbi Reduced Kamin blocking in non paranoid schizophrenia: associations with schizotypy
    P M Moran
    School of Psychology, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
    J Psychiatr Res 37:155-63. 2003
    ....
  17. ncbi The predictive value of changes in effective connectivity for human learning
    C Buchel
    The Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Science 283:1538-41. 1999
    ..The time course of these plastic changes was highly correlated with individual learning performance, suggesting that interactions between brain areas underlie associative learning...
  18. ncbi Hippocampal, parahippocampal and occipital-temporal contributions to associative and item recognition memory: an fMRI study
    A P Yonelinas
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroscience, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Neuroreport 12:359-63. 2001
    ..The results indicate that partially distinct temporal lobe regions are involved during recognition memory for item and associative information...
  19. ncbi Adult age differences in memory performance: tests of an associative deficit hypothesis
    M Naveh-Benjamin
    Department of Behavioral Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 26:1170-87. 2000
    ..The implications of these results to older adults' episodic memory performance are discussed...
  20. ncbi Context, ambiguity, and unlearning: sources of relapse after behavioral extinction
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 0134, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 52:976-86. 2002
    ..The article concludes with several issues for future research, among them the question of how we can optimize extinction and other putative "unlearning" treatments so as to prevent the various forms of relapse discussed here...
  21. ncbi Effect of aging on stimulus-reward association learning
    T Mell
    Department of Neurology, Berlin NeuroImaging Center, Charite, Campus Mitte, Schumannstr 20 21, 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 43:554-63. 2005
    ..tasks requiring flexible adaptation to external feedback, which could be related to impairments in reward association learning. To study the effect of aging on stimulus-reward association learning 20 young and 20 older adults ..
  22. ncbi An investigation of learning strategy supporting transitive inference performance in humans compared to other species
    Sandra N Moses
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 44:1370-87. 2006
    ..Our work stipulates that cross-species generalizations must be interpreted cautiously, since performance on the same task may be mediated by different strategies and/or neural systems...
  23. pmc Associative encoding in anterior piriform cortex versus orbitofrontal cortex during odor discrimination and reversal learning
    Matthew R Roesch
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:643-52. 2007
    ....
  24. ncbi Heterarchical reinforcement-learning model for integration of multiple cortico-striatal loops: fMRI examination in stimulus-action-reward association learning
    Masahiko Haruno
    ATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories, Department of Computational Neurobiology, 2 2 2 Hikaridai, Soraku gun, Kyoto, Japan
    Neural Netw 19:1242-54. 2006
    ..The model makes several fMRI-testable predictions of brain activity during stimulus-action-reward association learning. The caudate nucleus and the cognitive cortical areas are correlated with reward prediction error, while ..
  25. ncbi Associative learning of odor with food- or blood-meal by Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae)
    Jeffery K Tomberlin
    Department of Entomology, Texas A and M University, 1229 N US Hwy 281, Stephenville, TX 76401, USA
    Naturwissenschaften 93:551-6. 2006
    ..Such information could lead to a better understanding of the ability of mosquitoes to locate and select host and food resources in nature...
  26. ncbi Comparison of learning-related neuronal activity in the dorsal premotor cortex and striatum
    Peter J Brasted
    Section on Neurophysiology, Laboratory of Systems Neuroscience, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 4401, Maryland, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 19:721-40. 2004
    ..As a population, however, learning-related changes in activity continued after the monkeys reached an asymptote in performance...
  27. ncbi Activation of human hippocampal formation reflects success in both encoding and cued recall of paired associates
    Jed A Meltzer
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, TAC N134 C, New Haven, CT 06520 0843, USA
    Neuroimage 24:384-97. 2005
    ..The conjunction of these effects suggests that it is correct to view both encoding and recall of associative memories as functions of an integrated hippocampal system...
  28. doi Acquisition of automatic imitation is sensitive to sensorimotor contingency
    Richard Cook
    Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 36:840-52. 2010
    ..If this is correct, associative learning theory could be used to explain, predict, and intervene in mirror system development...
  29. doi Transcranial direct current stimulation influences probabilistic association learning in schizophrenia
    Ans Vercammen
    School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Schizophr Res 131:198-205. 2011
    Schizophrenia is associated with heterogeneity in symptoms, cognition and treatment response. Probabilistic association learning, involving a gradual learning of cue-outcome associations, activates a frontal-striatal network in healthy ..
  30. doi Dopaminergic medication boosts action-effect binding in Parkinson's disease
    James W Moore
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, UK
    Neuropsychologia 48:1125-32. 2010
    ..These results shed light on the contribution of dopamine to the experience of instrumental action, and also on impulse control disorders and psychosis in medicated PD patients...
  31. ncbi Learned associability and associative change in human causal learning
    M E Le Pelley
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol B 56:68-79. 2003
    ..Taken in combination, these results provide good support for Mackintosh (1975) and the characterizations of both cue and outcome processing that it offers...
  32. pmc ERP correlates of source memory: unitized source information increases familiarity-based retrieval
    Rachel A Diana
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, 134 Young Hall, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Brain Res 1367:278-86. 2011
    ..The ERP and behavioral findings provide converging evidence for the idea that familiarity can contribute to source recognition, particularly when source information is encoded as an item detail...
  33. ncbi Errorless learning and memory performance in schizophrenia
    Ciaran C Mulholland
    Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, The Queen s University of Belfast, The Whitla Medical Building, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast, BT9 7BL, United Kingdom
    Psychiatry Res 159:180-8. 2008
    ..Errorless learning may play an important role in remediation of cognitive deficits for patients with schizophrenia...
  34. doi Habitual versus goal-directed action control in Parkinson disease
    Sanne de Wit
    Department of Psychology, Amsterdam Center for Study of Adaptive Control in Brain and Behavior Acacia, University of Amsterdam, Roeterstraat 15, 1018 WB, The Netherlands
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:1218-29. 2011
    ..If anything our results suggest a disease severity-dependent deficit in goal-directed behavior. These results are discussed in the context of Parkinson disease and the neurobiology of habitual and goal-directed behavior...
  35. ncbi Probing the transformation of discontinuous associations into episodic memory: an event-related fMRI study
    Shaozheng Qin
    Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences CAS, 100101, Beijing, China
    Neuroimage 38:212-22. 2007
    ....
  36. ncbi The representation of instructions operates like a prepared reflex: flanker compatibility effects found in first trial following S-R instructions
    Oshrit Cohen-Kdoshay
    Department of Behavioral Sciences ans Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Exp Psychol 56:128-33. 2009
    ..The authors show that the FCE was present in the first trial immediately following the instructions, thus providing unequivocal support for the PR metaphor...
  37. ncbi Understanding the neural computations of arbitrary visuomotor learning through fMRI and associative learning theory
    Andrea Brovelli
    CNRS UMR 6193, Mediterranean Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille, France
    Cereb Cortex 18:1485-95. 2008
    ..The results provide quantitative evidence of the neural computations mediating arbitrary visuomotor learning and suggest new directions for future computational models...
  38. ncbi Apes save tools for future use
    Nicholas J Mulcahy
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Science 312:1038-40. 2006
    ..These findings suggest that the precursor skills for planning for the future evolved in great apes before 14 million years ago, when all extant great ape species shared a common ancestor...
  39. ncbi Do chimpanzees learn reputation by observation? Evidence from direct and indirect experience with generous and selfish strangers
    Francys Subiaul
    Department of Speech and Hearing Science, Mind, Brain and Evolution Cluster, The George Washington University, 2115 G Street, NW 204, Washington, DC 20001, USA
    Anim Cogn 11:611-23. 2008
    ..These results demonstrate that chimpanzees can infer the reputation of strangers by eavesdropping on third-party interactions...
  40. ncbi Impaired associative learning in chronic schizophrenics and their first-degree relatives: a study of latent inhibition and the Kamin blocking effect
    A Martins Serra
    Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Schizophr Res 48:273-89. 2001
    ..The severe impairment in basic associative learning in schizophrenic patients and their kin warrants further investigation...
  41. ncbi The parahippocampal cortex mediates spatial and nonspatial associations
    E Aminoff
    Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging at MGH, Harvard Medical School, Cahrlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:1493-503. 2007
    ..By modifying the existing view of the PHC function accordingly, the seemingly contradicting processes that activate it can be reconciled under one overarching framework...
  42. ncbi The misbehavior of value and the discipline of the will
    Peter Dayan
    Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, UCL, 17 Queen Square, London, UK
    Neural Netw 19:1153-60. 2006
    ..The misbehavior created by Pavlovian values can be quite debilitating; we discuss how it may be disciplined...
  43. pmc Electrical stimulation of the rostral medial prefrontal cortex in rabbits inhibits the expression of conditioned eyelid responses but not their acquisition
    Rocio Leal-Campanario
    Division de Neurociencias, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:11459-64. 2007
    ..Functional and behavioral implications of this inhibitory role of the rostral mPFC are discussed...
  44. ncbi Associative memory and the medial temporal lobes
    Andrew Mayes
    School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:126-35. 2007
    ..Using this framework, we consider psychological, lesion and functional imaging evidence, highlighting how informational convergence in the brain underlies the associative nature of both memory and perception...
  45. ncbi Theories of associative learning in animals
    J M Pearce
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF1 3YG, United Kingdom
    Annu Rev Psychol 52:111-39. 2001
    ..The implications of the theories for understanding how humans derive causal judgments and solve categorization problems is considered...
  46. ncbi Schemas and memory consolidation
    Dorothy Tse
    Laboratory for Cognitive Neuroscience, Centre for Cognitive and Neural Systems, and Centre for Neuroscience Research, University of Edinburgh, 1 George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, Scotland, UK
    Science 316:76-82. 2007
    ..The concept of neocortical schemas may unite psychological accounts of knowledge structures with neurobiological theories of systems memory consolidation...
  47. ncbi Remembering visual motion: neural correlates of associative plasticity and motion recall in cortical area MT
    Anja Schlack
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuron 53:881-90. 2007
    ..This emergent shape selectivity reflects activation of neurons representing the motion stimuli recalled by association, and it suggests that recall-related activity may be a general feature of neurons in visual cortex...
  48. ncbi Role of the hippocampal system in associative learning beyond the spatial domain
    P J Brasted
    Laboratory of Systems Neuroscience, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 4401, USA
    Brain 126:1202-23. 2003
    ....
  49. pmc The hippocampus and memory for "what," "where," and "when"
    Ceren Ergorul
    Center for Memory and Brain, Program in Neuroscience, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Learn Mem 11:397-405. 2004
    ..These findings indicate that rats integrate "what," "where," and "when" information in memory for single experiences, and that the hippocampus is critical to this capacity...
  50. pmc Neural correlates of encoding within- and across-domain inter-item associations
    Heekyeong Park
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas Arlington, Arlington, TX 75069 19528, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:2533-43. 2011
    ....
  51. ncbi Evidence for the role of higher order reasoning processes in cue competition and other learning phenomena
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Learn Behav 33:239-49. 2005
    ..We review the evidence that supports this hypothesis and discuss whether higher order reasoning might also play a role in other learning phenomena...
  52. ncbi The role of prelimbic cortex in instrumental conditioning
    Laura H Corbit
    Department of Psychology and the Brain Research Institute, University of California, Box 951563, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Behav Brain Res 146:145-57. 2003
    ....
  53. doi Electric shock-induced associative olfactory learning in Drosophila larvae
    Dennis Pauls
    Department of Biology, University of Fribourg, Chemin du Musee 10, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Chem Senses 35:335-46. 2010
    ....
  54. ncbi Smoking expectancy mediates the conditioned responses to arbitrary smoking cues
    M Field
    Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
    Behav Pharmacol 12:183-94. 2001
    ..In addition, these data suggest that craving CRs can be eliminated, whereas compensatory CRs can be facilitated, when cigarette expectancy is removed with instructions...
  55. ncbi Medial temporal lobe activations during associative memory encoding for arbitrary and semantically related object pairs
    Amelie M Achim
    Brain Imaging Group, Douglas Hospital Research Centre, Montreal, Canada
    Brain Res 1161:46-55. 2007
    ..Most importantly, this study suggests that associative processing can activate the MTL regardless of the pre-existence of an association between the items of a pair...
  56. doi Functional specialisation in the hippocampus and perirhinal cortex during the encoding of verbal associations
    Andrea Greve
    Wales Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience WICN, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, UK
    Neuropsychologia 49:2746-54. 2011
    ..This functional separation is consistent with models in which the hippocampus and perirhinal cortex support two separable processes that contribute to memories for verbal associations...
  57. ncbi Acquired equivalence and distinctiveness of cues: I. Exploring a neural network approach
    R C Honey
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3YG, Wales, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 28:378-87. 2002
    ..These results support a connectionist approach to acquired changes in stimulus distinctiveness...
  58. ncbi The ontogeny of human learning in delay, long-delay, and trace eyeblink conditioning
    Jane S Herbert
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Duke University, USA
    Behav Neurosci 117:1196-210. 2003
    ..These findings suggest that higher order cognitive abilities begin emerging early in development. Across ontogeny, however, there are changes in the limits and parameters that support associative learning...
  59. ncbi Occasion setting of timing behavior
    Charlotte Bonardi
    School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 33:339-48. 2007
    ..This manipulation did not have a substantial effect on discrimination performance. These results are discussed with reference to theories of occasion setting, timing, and configural learning...
  60. doi Symmetrical generalization decrements: configural stimulus processing in human contingency learning
    Anna Thorwart
    Philipps Universitat Marburg, Marburg, Germany
    Learn Behav 37:107-15. 2009
    ..The manipulations of the stimuli had no effect on stimulus processing. This is in line with Pearce's configural model, but it is at variance with the elemental models and previous studies...
  61. ncbi From prediction error to psychosis: ketamine as a pharmacological model of delusions
    P R Corlett
    Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 21:238-52. 2007
    ....
  62. ncbi Dopamine and octopamine differentiate between aversive and appetitive olfactory memories in Drosophila
    Martin Schwaerzel
    Lehrstuhl für Genetik und Neurobiologie, Biozentrum, Am Hubland, D 97074 Wurzburg, Germany
    J Neurosci 23:10495-502. 2003
    ..Our results suggest that in associative conditioning, different memories are formed of the same odor under different circumstances, and that they are linked to the respective motivational systems by their specific modulatory pathways...
  63. ncbi Hemispheric differences in the time-course of semantic priming processes: evidence from event-related potentials (ERPs)
    Sarah Bouaffre
    Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives EA 487, Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux2, Bordeaux, France
    Brain Cogn 63:123-35. 2007
    ..In the right visual field/left hemisphere, both N400 and Late Positive Component (LPC/P600) were modulated by semantic relatedness, while only a late effect was present in the left visual field/ right hemisphere...
  64. pmc Neural correlates of successful encoding of semantically and phonologically mediated inter-item associations
    Heekyeong Park
    Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 3800, USA
    Neuroimage 43:165-72. 2008
    ..The findings suggest that the left VLPFC may play a domain-general role in the encoding of item-item associations, and in addition highlight the importance of elucidating the functional significance of reversed subsequent memory effects...
  65. doi Augmentation in contingency learning under time pressure
    Miguel A Vadillo
    Departamento de Psicologia, Universidad de Deusto, Apartado 1, 48080 Bilbao, Spain
    Br J Psychol 101:579-89. 2010
    ..The results show that under these conditions, augmentation, instead of blocking, is observed...
  66. doi What-where-when memory in magpies (Pica pica)
    Ann Zinkivskay
    Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Henry Wellcome Building for Neuroecology, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, UK
    Anim Cogn 12:119-25. 2009
    ..This shows that magpies can remember which food item they hoarded where, and when, even if the food items only differ from each other in their colour and are dispersed throughout a continuous caching substrate...
  67. doi Effects of aging and divided attention on memory for items and their contexts
    Fergus I M Craik
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, and Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Aging 25:968-79. 2010
    ....
  68. pmc Cholinergic lesions produce task-selective effects on delayed matching to position and configural association learning related to response pattern and strategy
    R B Gibbs
    Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy, 1004 Salk Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 88:19-32. 2007
    ....
  69. pmc Outcome expectations drive learned behaviour in larval Drosophila
    Bertram Gerber
    Universitat Wurzburg, Lehrstuhl für Genetik und Neurobiologie, Biozentrum Am Hubland, 970 74 Würzburg, Germany
    Proc Biol Sci 273:2965-8. 2006
    ..Shown in a system with a simple brain, an apparently cognitive process like representing the expected outcome of behaviour seems to be a basic feature of behaviour control...
  70. pmc Implicit and explicit category learning by macaques (Macaca mulatta) and humans (Homo sapiens)
    J David Smith
    Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 36:54-65. 2010
    ..These results demonstrate an empirical continuity between human and nonhuman primate cognition, suggesting that nonhuman primates may have some structural components of humans' capacity for explicit cognition...
  71. pmc Response processes in information-integration category learning
    Brian J Spiering
    Department of Psychology, University of California, 551 University Road, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 90:330-8. 2008
    ..In these experiments, a consistent association between a category and a response feature was sufficient. The implication of these results for the neurobiology of information-integration category learning is discussed...
  72. pmc Olfactory learning in individually assayed Drosophila larvae
    Sabine Scherer
    University of Fribourg, Department of Biology and Program in Neuroscience, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Learn Mem 10:217-25. 2003
    ..As such approaches are established for the larval neuromuscular synapse, but not in adults, an individual larval learning paradigm will serve to link behavioral levels of analysis to synaptic physiology...
  73. pmc Removing the frontal lobes: the effects of engaging executive functions on perceptual category learning
    J Vincent Filoteo
    Research Service, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California 92161, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:415-23. 2010
    ..These findings demonstrate the paradoxical situation in which learning can be improved under sequential-task conditions and have important implications for training, decision making, and understanding interactive memory systems...
  74. pmc Human hippocampus associates information in memory
    K Henke
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:5884-9. 1999
    ..This is compelling evidence for another function of the human hippocampal formation in memory: establishing semantic associations...
  75. pmc Category label and response location shifts in category learning
    W Todd Maddox
    Department of Psychology, Institute for Neuroscience, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    Psychol Res 74:219-36. 2010
    ..Implications for the neurobiological basis of these two learned associations are discussed...
  76. ncbi Active maintenance of associative mnemonic signal in monkey inferior temporal cortex
    Masaki Takeda
    Department of Physiology, The University of Tokyo School of Medicine, 7 3 1 Hongo, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
    Neuron 48:839-48. 2005
    ..These results suggest that LTM-derived information required for upcoming behavior is actively maintained in the IT neurons, whereas visually derived information tends to be updated irrespective of behavioral relevance...
  77. pmc Rapid association learning in the primate prefrontal cortex in the absence of behavioral reversals
    Jason A Cromer
    The Picower Institute for Learning and Memory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:1823-8. 2011
    ..Previous experiments from our laboratory have used conditional association learning to show that slow, gradual changes in PFC neural activity mirror monkeys' slow acquisition of associations...
  78. ncbi Discontinuous categories affect information-integration but not rule-based category learning
    W Todd Maddox
    Department of Psychology, 1 University Station A8000, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 31:654-69. 2005
    ....
  79. ncbi The interaction between response effects during the acquisition of response priming
    Rüdiger Flach
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London SE14 6NW, UK
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 122:11-26. 2006
    ..By contrast, priming by the visual effect stimulus was potentiated when the auditory effect had been pre-trained. We interpret these interactions in terms of contemporary associative learning theory derived from studies of conditioning...
  80. pmc Forward and backward second-order Pavlovian conditioning in honeybees
    Syed Abid Hussaini
    Neurobiology, Institute of Biology, Free University of Berlin, D 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Learn Mem 14:678-83. 2007
    ..This showed that backward SOC is not as effective as forward SOC. These results help to delineate different conditions that are critical for the phenomenon of SOC...
  81. ncbi The role of drug expectancy in the control of human drug seeking
    Lee Hogarth
    Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, England
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 33:484-96. 2007
    ..This outcome-specific transfer effect indicates that drug-paired stimuli controlled human drug seeking via a representation or expectation of the drug rather than through a direct stimulus-response association...
  82. pmc A neural circuit model of flexible sensorimotor mapping: learning and forgetting on multiple timescales
    Stefano Fusi
    Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Neuron 54:319-33. 2007
    ..This model prediction is confirmed by monkey data. Therefore, our work reveals a scenario for conditional associative learning that is distinct from instant switching between sets of well-established sensorimotor associations...
  83. ncbi Neuronal modifications during visuomotor association learning assessed by electric brain tomography
    Elke Praeg
    Department of Neuropsychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Zurich, Treichlerstrasse 10, CH 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    Brain Topogr 19:61-75. 2006
    ..The present study has shown specific time elements of a visuomotor-memory-related network, which might support learning progress during visuomotor association learning.
  84. pmc The correlation of learning speed and natural foraging success in bumble-bees
    Nigel E Raine
    School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 275:803-8. 2008
    ....
  85. ncbi A pheromone that rapidly promotes learning in the newborn
    Gérard Coureaud
    Centre Européen des Sciences du Goût, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5170, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite de Bourgogne, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 21000 Dijon, France
    Curr Biol 16:1956-61. 2006
    ..This reveals that a mammalian pheromone can function as a "cognitive organizer" that promotes early learning of relevant environmental cues...
  86. ncbi Still at the choice-point: action selection and initiation in instrumental conditioning
    Bernard W Balleine
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1104:147-71. 2007
    ..We discuss a conceptual model that integrates these processes and its neural implementation...
  87. ncbi Side-specific olfactory conditioning leads to more specific odor representation between sides but not within sides in the honeybee antennal lobes
    J C Sandoz
    Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, Universite Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 cedex 04, Toulouse, France
    Neuroscience 120:1137-48. 2003
    ..Our work suggests that side-specific conditioning decorrelates odor representations between AL sides but not between CS+ and CS- within one AL...
  88. ncbi Habituation and dishabituation of exploratory and appetitive responses in the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.)
    Stephan Shuichi Haupt
    Neurobiologie, Institut für Ökologie, Technische Universität FR 1 1, Franklinstr 28 29, 10587 Berlin, Germany
    Behav Brain Res 165:12-7. 2005
    ..The potential for habituation was related to the functions of the responses studied. The exploratory antennal response used for continuous sampling of the environment habituated to a smaller extent than the appetitive proboscis response...
  89. ncbi A review of recent developments in research and theories on human contingency learning
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, University of Ghent, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Q J Exp Psychol B 55:289-310. 2002
    ..We provide a brief review of these recent developments and try to point to issues that need to be addressed in future research...
  90. doi A landmark blocks searching for a hidden platform in an environment with a distinctive shape after extended pretraining
    Murray R Horne
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales
    Learn Behav 37:167-78. 2009
    ..Thus, blocking of geometric cues by a landmark is possible after extended initial training with the blocking cue...
  91. ncbi Sequential task predictability in task switching
    Iring Koch
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Munich, Germany
    Psychon Bull Rev 12:107-12. 2005
    ..The data thus suggest that task switching does not necessarily require a switch-specific reconfiguration process. Rather, task-specific control processes may be needed in both task switches and repetitions...
  92. ncbi Olfactory learning by means of trophallaxis in Apis mellifera
    Mariana Gil
    Departamento de Fisiologia, Biologia Molecular y Celular, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellon II, C1428EHA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Exp Biol 208:671-80. 2005
    ..Finally, the relevance of learning through trophallaxis in the task of successful foraging is discussed...
  93. pmc Side-specificity of olfactory learning in the honeybee: US input side
    Jean Christophe Sandoz
    Freie Universitat Berlin, Institut für Biologie Neurobiologie, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Learn Mem 9:337-48. 2002
    ..Based on these data, we propose a functional model of the role of each brain side in processing lateralized CSs and USs in olfactory learning in honeybees...
  94. ncbi Conditional visuo-motor learning in primates: a key role for the basal ganglia
    Fadila Hadj-Bouziane
    Institut des Sciences Cognitives, CNRS UMR 5015, 67 Boulevard Pinel, 69675 Bron, France
    J Physiol Paris 97:567-79. 2003
    ..In this model, the basal ganglia are thought to play a key role in linking the sensory, motor, and reward information necessary for arbitrary mapping...
  95. ncbi Retinol-binding protein gene is highly expressed in higher-order association areas of the primate neocortex
    Yusuke Komatsu
    Division of Speciation Mechanisms 1, National Institute for Basic Biology, Aichi 444 8585, Japan
    Cereb Cortex 15:96-108. 2005
    ..In neonatal monkeys, the area-specific expression pattern of RBP was less distinct, suggesting that the characteristic expression of RBP in higher-order association areas is mainly established postnatally...
  96. pmc Associative mechanosensory conditioning of the proboscis extension reflex in honeybees
    Martin Giurfa
    Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
    Learn Mem 11:294-302. 2004
    ..This paradigm constitutes, therefore, a new standard procedure for further learning studies in honeybees...
  97. ncbi Relations between Pavlovian-instrumental transfer and reinforcer devaluation
    Peter C Holland
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 30:104-17. 2004
    ....
  98. ncbi Automatic integration of non-perceptual action effect features: the case of the associative affective Simon effect
    Tom Beckers
    Department of Psychology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Psychol Res 66:166-73. 2002
    ..The results of Experiment 2 replicated those of Experiment 1, using alternating target-response assignment. These findings point to the integration of affective action effect feature codes in the cognitive representation of actions...
  99. ncbi Punishment prediction by dopaminergic neurons in Drosophila
    Thomas Riemensperger
    Bayerische Julius Maximilians Universität Würzburg, Theodor Boveri Institut, Lehrstuhl für Genetik und Neurobiologie, Biozentrum, Germany
    Curr Biol 15:1953-60. 2005
    ..However, the dopaminergic neurons' capability of mediating and predicting a reinforcing stimulus appears to be conserved between Drosophila and mammals...
  100. ncbi Coherence of gamma-band EEG activity as a basis for associative learning
    W H Miltner
    Department of Biological and Clinical Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany
    Nature 397:434-6. 1999
    ..In this way, coherence may be a signature for this and other types of learning...
  101. ncbi Ryanodine receptor modulation of in vitro associative learning in Hermissenda crassicornis
    K T Blackwell
    Institute for Computational Sciences and Informatics, George Mason University, Krasnow Institute, MS 2A1, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
    Brain Res 822:114-25. 1999
    ..These results suggest a role for the ryanodine receptor in both a cellular correlate of classical conditioning and light adaptation...

Research Grants189 found, 100 shown here

  1. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
  2. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
  3. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
  4. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
  5. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
  6. AMYGDALA SYSTEMS AND ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The proposed behavioral and neurobiological studies may provide new insights into cognitive functions of the amygdala, as well as relations between cognitive and motivational functions in associative learning. ..
  7. Role of amygdala systems in associative learning
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Role of amygdala systems in associative learning
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Role of amygdala systems in associative learning
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Associatively-activated event representations
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed research provides a basis for the understanding of basic processing of imaginal events in associative learning. ..
  11. Amygdala systems in associative learning
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed studies will clarify the CEA's roles in the modulation of basal forebrain cholinergic systems and midbrain-striatal dopamine systems in food-based associative learning. ..
  12. Amygdala systems in associative learning
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed studies will clarify the CEA's roles in the modulation of basal forebrain cholinergic systems and midbrain-striatal dopamine systems in food-based associative learning. ..
  13. Role of amygdala systems in associative learning
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Role of amygdala systems in associative learning
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Associatively-activated event representations
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The proposed research provides a basis for the understanding of basic processing of imaginal events in associative learning. ..
  16. Associatively-activated event representations
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The proposed research provides a basis for the understanding of basic processing of imaginal events in associative learning. ..
  17. Associatively-activated event representations
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed research provides a basis for the understanding of basic processing of imaginal events in associative learning. ..
  18. Associatively-activated event representations
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The proposed research provides a basis for the understanding of basic processing of imaginal events in associative learning. ..
  19. Role of amygdala systems in associative learning
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. Alcohol Cues:Opioid Anatagonism/ Behavioral Economics
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Future studies could examine the role of specific opioid receptor subtypes or other receptor systems in the effects of alcohol cues and their relationship to genetic susceptibility to alcoholism. ..
  21. Temporal and Associative Aspects of Pavlovian Learning
    MARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Many of the results will also increase our understanding of the causes of relapse after therapy and suggest ways to help prevent or minimize that relapse. ..
  22. Behavioral Momentum of Alcohol Self-Administration
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Findings from this project may suggest novel behavioral treatments targeted at reducing the persistence of drug and alcohol abuse and preventing relapse. ..
  23. Temporal and Associative Aspects of Pavlovian Learning
    MARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Many of the results will also increase our understanding of the causes of relapse after therapy and suggest ways to help prevent or minimize that relapse. ..
  24. Extinction and Recovery in Associative Learning
    MARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results will increase our understanding of extinction, a fundamental behavioral and clinical phenomenon, and will suggest ways to help promote extinction learning so as to minimize lapse and relapse. ..
  25. Divided Attention and Reinforcement Variables
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Temporal and Associative Aspects of Pavlovian Learning
    MARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Many of the results will also increase our understanding of the causes of relapse after therapy and suggest ways to help prevent or minimize that relapse. ..
  27. Temporal and Associative Aspects of Pavlovian Learning
    MARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Many of the results will also increase our understanding of the causes of relapse after therapy and suggest ways to help prevent or minimize that relapse. ..
  28. Divided Attention and Reinforcement Variables
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Temporal and Associative Aspects of Pavlovian Learning
    MARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Many of the results will also increase our understanding of the causes of relapse after therapy and suggest ways to help prevent or minimize that relapse. ..
  30. US Specific and General Processes in Pavlovian Learning
    ANDREW DELAMATER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..More globally, it is hoped that these studies will provide a much firmer basis upon which to think about the cognitive and motivational foundations of learning. ..
  31. US Specific and General Processes in Pavlovian Learning
    ANDREW DELAMATER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..More globally, it is hoped that these studies will provide a much firmer basis upon which to think about the cognitive and motivational foundations of learning. ..
  32. Divided Attention and Reinforcement Variables
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  33. US Specific and General Processes in Pavlovian Learning
    ANDREW DELAMATER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..More globally, it is hoped that these studies will provide a much firmer basis upon which to think about the cognitive and motivational foundations of learning. ..
  34. Extinction and Recovery in Associative Learning
    Mark E Bouton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results will increase our understanding of extinction, a fundamental behavioral and clinical phenomenon, and will suggest ways to help promote extinction learning so as to minimize lapse and relapse. ..
  35. Behavioral Momentum of Alcohol Self-Administration
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Findings from this project may suggest novel behavioral treatments targeted at reducing the persistence of drug and alcohol abuse and preventing relapse. ..
  36. Behavioral Momentum of Alcohol Self-Administration
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Findings from this project may suggest novel behavioral treatments targeted at reducing the persisence of drug and alcohol abuse and preventing relapse. ..
  37. Extinction and Recovery in Associative Learning
    MARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results will increase our understanding of extinction, a fundamental behavioral and clinical phenomenon, and will suggest ways to help promote extinction learning so as to minimize lapse and relapse. ..
  38. Extinction and Recovery in Associative Learning
    MARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results will increase our understanding of extinction, a fundamental behavioral and clinical phenomenon, and will suggest ways to help promote extinction learning so as to minimize lapse and relapse. ..
  39. Behavioral Momentum of Alcohol Self-Administration
    Timothy A Shahan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings from this project may suggest novel behavioral treatments targeted at reducing the persistence of drug and alcohol abuse and preventing relapse. ..
  40. DRUGS OF ABUSE AND LEARNED AVERSIONS: SOLVING A PARADOX
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUS
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  42. DRUGS OF ABUSE AND LEARNED AVERSIONS: SOLVING A PARADOX
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. DRUGS OF ABUSE AND LEARNED AVERSIONS: SOLVING A PARADOX
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUS
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  45. DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUS
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If confirmed, we will have challenged the limits of the traditional "reward circuitry" and better elucidated the mechanisms of reward comparison. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUS
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If confirmed, we will have challenged the limits of the traditional "reward circuitry" and better elucidated the mechanisms of reward comparison. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. DRUGS OF ABUSE AND LEARNED AVERSIONS: SOLVING A PARADOX
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..aversion to cocaine-induced suppression of CS intake and, in so doing, begin to elucidate underlying substrates. ..
  48. DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUS
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  49. DRUGS OF ABUSE AND LEARNED AVERSIONS: SOLVING A PARADOX
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUS
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If confirmed, we will have challenged the limits of the traditional "reward circuitry" and better elucidated the mechanisms of reward comparison. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. DRUGS OF ABUSE AND LEARNED AVERSIONS: SOLVING A PARADOX
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..aversion to cocaine-induced suppression of CS intake and, in so doing, begin to elucidate underlying substrates. ..
  52. DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUS
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  53. DRUGS OF ABUSE AND LEARNED AVERSIONS: SOLVING A PARADOX
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. DRUGS OF ABUSE AND LEARNED AVERSIONS: SOLVING A PARADOX
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..aversion to cocaine-induced suppression of CS intake and, in so doing, begin to elucidate underlying substrates. ..
  55. DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUS
    Patricia Sue Grigson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..e., cocaine and heroin);and (c) Reveal that the nucleus accumbens depends upon an intact thalamocoritical loop to track cocaine's devaluation of a sweet. ..
  56. DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUS
    PATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..e., cocaine and heroin);and (c) Reveal that the nucleus accumbens depends upon an intact thalamocoritical loop to track cocaine's devaluation of a sweet. ..
  57. COMPARATIVE STUDIES OF CATEGORY LEARNING BY HUMAN & NONHUMAN PRIMATES
    J Smith; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The research also bears on the role of language in category learning and problem solving, on possible limits on these capacities in children with language disorders, and on possible implicit compensatory approaches. ..
  58. Effects of Aging on Learning & Retrieval of Proper Names
    LORI JAMES; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Experiments in both projects address theoretical, empirical, and practical questions about memory for proper names and about how name processing changes in old age. ..
  59. Metacognition in Comparative Perspective
    J DAVID contact SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  60. Alcohol, Habit and the Failure of Behavioral Control
    Bernard Balleine; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The broad, long-term objective of the current project is, therefore, to investigate how exposure to alcohol affects the neural systems that control goal-directed and habitual instrumental learning processes. ..
  61. Medial Temporal Lobe Contributions to Memory
    DEBORAH HANNULA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. Cortico-Striatal Circuits in Actions and Habits
    Bernard Balleine; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  63. Medial Temporal Lobe Contributions to Memory
    DEBORAH HANNULA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. Associations between perceptual features and information that was never perceived
    Jason Arndt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. The amygdala & cortical receptive field plasticity
    NORMAN WEINBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  66. A Cognitive Neuroscience Framework for Understanding and Treating Mood Disorders
    Moshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  67. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  68. Common and Specific Risk Factors for Emotional Disorders
    Michelle Craske; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The findings may further our conceptualization of emotional disorders and provide the platform for prevention research. ..
  69. Reference-dose method and cocaine-conditioned choice
    RICK BEVINS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..That research could translate into more effective intervention strategies. ..
  70. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..For these reasons, it seems appropriate to submit this proposal, which will investigate the effects of delayed and uncertain reinforcers, to NIMH...
  71. EMOTION AND RETUNING OF AUDITORY CORTEX
    NORMAN WEINBERGER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  72. Eye Movements, Gaze Correction, and Visual Short-Term Memory
    Andrew Hollingworth; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Thus, the proposed research will provide essential information for understanding conditions that involve deficits in the control of gaze. ..
  73. Conditioning-specific reflex modification
    BERNARD SCHREURS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  74. Neural Correlates of Autobiographical Memory
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  75. Neural Correlates of Autobiographical Memory
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  76. Neural Correlates of Autobiographical Memory
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  77. A model of autobiographical memory & its changes in PTSD
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..To try to understand the emotional system we will see whether reports of visceral emotional reactions are better predictors of other factors than are more cognitive reports of emotional intensity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  78. A model of autobiographical memory & its changes in PTSD
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..To try to understand the emotional system we will see whether reports of visceral emotional reactions are better predictors of other factors than are more cognitive reports of emotional intensity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  79. A model of autobiographical memory & its changes in PTSD
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..To try to understand the emotional system we will see whether reports of visceral emotional reactions are better predictors of other factors than are more cognitive reports of emotional intensity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  80. Modeling the Effects of Aging on Memory
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, the studies will demonstrate that perceptual processing abilities must be considered and either controlled for or manipulated in cognitive aging research. ..
  81. Neural Correlates of Autobiographical Memory
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed research will advance knowledge about the brain systems involved in retrieving information about autobiographical events by bridging between memory for real-world events and memory for laboratory stimuli. ..
  82. MEMORY, LANGUAGE, CULTURE
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  83. MEMORY, LANGUAGE, CULTURE
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  84. MEMORY, LANGUAGE, CULTURE
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  85. Response Selection as a Function of Age
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These guidelines will lead to development of products and environments that allow elderly adults to remain more independent and to engage safely in more activities in their daily lives. ..
  86. MEMORY, LANGUAGE, CULTURE
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  87. A model of autobiographical memory & its changes in PTSD
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..To try to understand the emotional system we will see whether reports of visceral emotional reactions are better predictors of other factors than are more cognitive reports of emotional intensity. ..
  88. Neural Correlates of Autobiographical Memory
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The proposed research will advance knowledge about the brain systems involved in retrieving information about autobiographical events by bridging between memory for real-world events and memory for laboratory stimuli. ..
  89. MEMORY, LANGUAGE, CULTURE
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  90. A model of autobiographical memory & its changes in PTSD
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..To try to understand the emotional system we will see whether reports of visceral emotional reactions are better predictors of other factors than are more cognitive reports of emotional intensity. ..
  91. Neural Mechanisms of Social Decision Making in Aging
    Lisa Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of these studies will elucidate the neural bases of healthy Socioemotional decision-making and well-being in aging. ..
  92. Aging and Metacognition in Strategic Skill Acquisition
    Christopher Hertzog; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  93. IMPROVING CARE OF PANIC DISORDER IN PRIMARY CARE
    Michelle Craske; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..