Genomes and Genes
Summary: The principle that items experienced together enter into a connection, so that one tends to reinstate the other.
Publications223 found, 100 shown here
- Induction of cAMP response element-binding protein-dependent medium-term memory by appetitive gustatory reinforcement in Drosophila larvaeKen Honjo
Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305 8572, Japan
J Neurosci 25:7905-13. 2005..Moreover, we also show that synaptic output of larval mushroom body neurons is required for retrieval but not for acquisition and retention of the larval memory, including the CREB-dependent component...
- Context, ambiguity, and unlearning: sources of relapse after behavioral extinctionMark E Bouton
Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405-0134, USA
Biol Psychiatry 52:976-86. 2002..The article concludes with several issues for future research, among them the question of how we can optimize extinction and other putative "unlearning" treatments so as to prevent the various forms of relapse discussed here...
- Adult age differences in memory performance: tests of an associative deficit hypothesisM Naveh-Benjamin
Department of Behavioral Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 26:1170-87. 2000..The implications of these results to older adults' episodic memory performance are discussed...
- Heterarchical reinforcement-learning model for integration of multiple cortico-striatal loops: fMRI examination in stimulus-action-reward association learningMasahiko Haruno
ATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories, Department of Computational Neurobiology, 2 2 2 Hikaridai, Soraku gun, Kyoto, Japan
Neural Netw 19:1242-54. 2006..The model makes several fMRI-testable predictions of brain activity during stimulus-action-reward association learning. The caudate nucleus and the cognitive cortical areas are correlated with reward prediction error, while ..
- Effect of aging on stimulus-reward association learningT Mell
Department of Neurology, Berlin NeuroImaging Center, Charite, Campus Mitte, Schumannstr 20 21, 10117 Berlin, Germany
Neuropsychologia 43:554-63. 2005..tasks requiring flexible adaptation to external feedback, which could be related to impairments in reward association learning. To study the effect of aging on stimulus-reward association learning 20 young and 20 older adults ..
- The predictive value of changes in effective connectivity for human learningC Buchel
The Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Science 283:1538-41. 1999..The time course of these plastic changes was highly correlated with individual learning performance, suggesting that interactions between brain areas underlie associative learning...
- Understanding the neural computations of arbitrary visuomotor learning through fMRI and associative learning theoryAndrea Brovelli
CNRS UMR 6193, Mediterranean Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille, France
Cereb Cortex 18:1485-95. 2008..The results provide quantitative evidence of the neural computations mediating arbitrary visuomotor learning and suggest new directions for future computational models...
- Role of the hippocampal system in associative learning beyond the spatial domainP J Brasted
Laboratory of Systems Neuroscience, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 4401, USA
Brain 126:1202-23. 2003....
- The hippocampus and memory for "what," "where," and "when"Ceren Ergorul
Center for Memory and Brain, Program in Neuroscience, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
Learn Mem 11:397-405. 2004..These findings indicate that rats integrate "what," "where," and "when" information in memory for single experiences, and that the hippocampus is critical to this capacity...
- Disrupted prediction-error signal in psychosis: evidence for an associative account of delusionsP R Corlett
Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
Brain 130:2387-400. 2007..Our results support a neurobiological theory of delusion formation that implicates aberrant prediction-error signalling, disrupted attentional allocation and associative learning in the formation of delusional beliefs...
- Dopaminergic medication boosts action-effect binding in Parkinson's diseaseJames W Moore
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, UK
Neuropsychologia 48:1125-32. 2010..These results shed light on the contribution of dopamine to the experience of instrumental action, and also on impulse control disorders and psychosis in medicated PD patients...
- Category label and response location shifts in category learningW Todd Maddox
Department of Psychology, Institute for Neuroscience, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA
Psychol Res 74:219-36. 2010..Implications for the neurobiological basis of these two learned associations are discussed...
- Olfactory learning in individually assayed Drosophila larvaeSabine Scherer
University of Fribourg, Department of Biology and Program in Neuroscience, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
Learn Mem 10:217-25. 2003..As such approaches are established for the larval neuromuscular synapse, but not in adults, an individual larval learning paradigm will serve to link behavioral levels of analysis to synaptic physiology...
- Response processes in information-integration category learningBrian J Spiering
Department of Psychology, University of California, 551 University Road, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
Neurobiol Learn Mem 90:330-8. 2008..In these experiments, a consistent association between a category and a response feature was sufficient. The implication of these results for the neurobiology of information-integration category learning is discussed...
- Reduced Kamin blocking in non paranoid schizophrenia: associations with schizotypyP M Moran
School of Psychology, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
J Psychiatr Res 37:155-63. 2003....
- Discontinuous categories affect information-integration but not rule-based category learningW Todd Maddox
Department of Psychology, 1 University Station A8000, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 31:654-69. 2005....
- Active maintenance of associative mnemonic signal in monkey inferior temporal cortexMasaki Takeda
Department of Physiology, The University of Tokyo School of Medicine, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
Neuron 48:839-48. 2005..These results suggest that LTM-derived information required for upcoming behavior is actively maintained in the IT neurons, whereas visually derived information tends to be updated irrespective of behavioral relevance...
- Hippocampal, parahippocampal and occipital-temporal contributions to associative and item recognition memory: an fMRI studyA P Yonelinas
Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroscience, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
Neuroreport 12:359-63. 2001..The results indicate that partially distinct temporal lobe regions are involved during recognition memory for item and associative information...
- Implicit and explicit category learning by macaques (Macaca mulatta) and humans (Homo sapiens)J David Smith
Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 36:54-65. 2010..These results demonstrate an empirical continuity between human and nonhuman primate cognition, suggesting that nonhuman primates may have some structural components of humans' capacity for explicit cognition...
- Removing the frontal lobes: the effects of engaging executive functions on perceptual category learningJ Vincent Filoteo
Research Service, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California 92161, USA
Psychol Sci 21:415-23. 2010..These findings demonstrate the paradoxical situation in which learning can be improved under sequential-task conditions and have important implications for training, decision making, and understanding interactive memory systems...
- Rapid association learning in the primate prefrontal cortex in the absence of behavioral reversalsJason A Cromer
The Picower Institute for Learning and Memory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 23:1823-8. 2011..quot; Previous experiments from our laboratory have used conditional association learning to show that slow, gradual changes in PFC neural activity mirror monkeys' slow acquisition of associations...
- Acquisition of automatic imitation is sensitive to sensorimotor contingencyRichard Cook
Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, London, United Kingdom
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 36:840-52. 2010..If this is correct, associative learning theory could be used to explain, predict, and intervene in mirror system development...
- The interaction between response effects during the acquisition of response primingRüdiger Flach
Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London SE14 6NW, UK
Acta Psychol (Amst) 122:11-26. 2006..By contrast, priming by the visual effect stimulus was potentiated when the auditory effect had been pre-trained. We interpret these interactions in terms of contemporary associative learning theory derived from studies of conditioning...
- Outcome expectations drive learned behaviour in larval DrosophilaBertram Gerber
Universitat Wurzburg, Lehrstuhl für Genetik und Neurobiologie, Biozentrum Am Hubland, 970 74 Würzburg, Germany
Proc Biol Sci 273:2965-8. 2006..Shown in a system with a simple brain, an apparently cognitive process like representing the expected outcome of behaviour seems to be a basic feature of behaviour control...
- Human hippocampus associates information in memoryK Henke
Department of Neurology, University Hospital Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:5884-9. 1999..This is compelling evidence for another function of the human hippocampal formation in memory: establishing semantic associations...
- Involvement of the CA3-CA1 synapse in the acquisition of associative learning in behaving miceAgnes Gruart
Division de Neurociencias, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
J Neurosci 26:1077-87. 2006..Our results provide evidence of a relationship between activity-dependent synaptic plasticity and associative learning in behaving mice...
- Comparison of learning-related neuronal activity in the dorsal premotor cortex and striatumPeter J Brasted
Section on Neurophysiology, Laboratory of Systems Neuroscience, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-4401, Maryland, USA
Eur J Neurosci 19:721-40. 2004..As a population, however, learning-related changes in activity continued after the monkeys reached an asymptote in performance...
- Punishment prediction by dopaminergic neurons in DrosophilaThomas Riemensperger
, Theodor-Boveri-Institut, , Biozentrum, Germany
Curr Biol 15:1953-60. 2005..However, the dopaminergic neurons' capability of mediating and predicting a reinforcing stimulus appears to be conserved between Drosophila and mammals...
- Habituation and dishabituation of exploratory and appetitive responses in the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.)Stephan Shuichi Haupt
Neurobiologie, Institut für Ökologie, Technische Universität FR 1 1, Franklinstr 28 29, 10587 Berlin, Germany
Behav Brain Res 165:12-7. 2005..The potential for habituation was related to the functions of the responses studied. The exploratory antennal response used for continuous sampling of the environment habituated to a smaller extent than the appetitive proboscis response...
- Neuronal modifications during visuomotor association learning assessed by electric brain tomographyElke Praeg
Department of Neuropsychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Zurich, Treichlerstrasse 10, CH 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
Brain Topogr 19:61-75. 2006..The present study has shown specific time elements of a visuomotor-memory-related network, which might support learning progress during visuomotor association learning.
- A neural circuit model of flexible sensorimotor mapping: learning and forgetting on multiple timescalesStefano Fusi
Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA
Neuron 54:319-33. 2007..This model prediction is confirmed by monkey data. Therefore, our work reveals a scenario for conditional associative learning that is distinct from instant switching between sets of well-established sensorimotor associations...
- Sequential task predictability in task switchingIring Koch
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Munich, Germany
Psychon Bull Rev 12:107-12. 2005..The data thus suggest that task switching does not necessarily require a switch-specific reconfiguration process. Rather, task-specific control processes may be needed in both task switches and repetitions...
- Still at the choice-point: action selection and initiation in instrumental conditioningBernard W Balleine
Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1104:147-71. 2007..We discuss a conceptual model that integrates these processes and its neural implementation...
- The role of drug expectancy in the control of human drug seekingLee Hogarth
Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, England
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 33:484-96. 2007..This outcome-specific transfer effect indicates that drug-paired stimuli controlled human drug seeking via a representation or expectation of the drug rather than through a direct stimulus-response association...
- Wistar rats show episodic-like memory for unique experiencesEmriye Kart-Teke
Institute of Physiological Psychology, Center for Biological and Medical Research, , , Germany
Neurobiol Learn Mem 85:173-82. 2006..quot; We also found that acute stress impaired the animal's performance in the episodic-like memory task, which, however, could be partially reversed by the N-Methyl-D-aspartate-receptors agonist D-cycloserine...
- An investigation of learning strategy supporting transitive inference performance in humans compared to other speciesSandra N Moses
Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Canada
Neuropsychologia 44:1370-87. 2006..Our work stipulates that cross-species generalizations must be interpreted cautiously, since performance on the same task may be mediated by different strategies and/or neural systems...
- Do chimpanzees learn reputation by observation? Evidence from direct and indirect experience with generous and selfish strangersFrancys Subiaul
Department of Speech and Hearing Science, Mind, Brain and Evolution Cluster, The George Washington University, 2115 G Street, NW 204, Washington, DC 20001, USA
Anim Cogn 11:611-23. 2008..These results demonstrate that chimpanzees can infer the reputation of strangers by eavesdropping on third-party interactions...
- Involvement of alpha-bungarotoxin-sensitive nicotinic receptors in long-term memory formation in the honeybee (Apis mellifera)Monique Gauthier
Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier Toulouse III, 4R3, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 09, France
Neurobiol Learn Mem 86:164-74. 2006..These receptors could be essential for triggering intracellular mechanisms involved in LTM. By contrast, medium-term memory is not dependent upon these receptors but is affected by mecamylamine...
- Forward and backward second-order Pavlovian conditioning in honeybeesSyed Abid Hussaini
Neurobiology, Institute of Biology, Free University of Berlin, D 14195 Berlin, Germany
Learn Mem 14:678-83. 2007..This showed that backward SOC is not as effective as forward SOC. These results help to delineate different conditions that are critical for the phenomenon of SOC...
- Working memory for conjunctions relies on the medial temporal lobeIngrid R Olson
The Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
J Neurosci 26:4596-601. 2006..Additional analyses suggest that the hippocampus per se is critical for accurate conjunction working memory. We propose that the hippocampus is critically involved in memory for conjunctions at both short and long delays...
- A pheromone that rapidly promotes learning in the newbornGérard Coureaud
Centre Européen des Sciences du Goût, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5170, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite de Bourgogne, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 21000 Dijon, France
Curr Biol 16:1956-61. 2006..This reveals that a mammalian pheromone can function as a "cognitive organizer" that promotes early learning of relevant environmental cues...
- The correlation of learning speed and natural foraging success in bumble-beesNigel E Raine
School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
Proc Biol Sci 275:803-8. 2008....
- Olfactory learning by means of trophallaxis in Apis melliferaMariana Gil
, , Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, , C1428EHA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
J Exp Biol 208:671-80. 2005..Finally, the relevance of learning through trophallaxis in the task of successful foraging is discussed...
- Retinol-binding protein gene is highly expressed in higher-order association areas of the primate neocortexYusuke Komatsu
Division of Speciation Mechanisms 1, National Institute for Basic Biology, Aichi 444-8585, Japan
Cereb Cortex 15:96-108. 2005..In neonatal monkeys, the area-specific expression pattern of RBP was less distinct, suggesting that the characteristic expression of RBP in higher-order association areas is mainly established postnatally...
- Side-specific olfactory conditioning leads to more specific odor representation between sides but not within sides in the honeybee antennal lobesJ C Sandoz
Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, Universite Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 cedex 04, Toulouse, France
Neuroscience 120:1137-48. 2003..Our work suggests that side-specific conditioning decorrelates odor representations between AL sides but not between CS+ and CS- within one AL...
- A review of recent developments in research and theories on human contingency learningJan De Houwer
Department of Psychology, University of Ghent, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Q J Exp Psychol B 55:289-310. 2002..We provide a brief review of these recent developments and try to point to issues that need to be addressed in future research...
- Associative learning modifies neural representations of odors in the insect brainT Faber
Institut fur Neurobiologie, Freie Universitat Berlin, Germany
Nat Neurosci 2:74-8. 1999..Additionally, activity for the rewarded but not for the unrewarded odor is increased. These results indicate that neural representations of the environment may be modified through associative learning...
- Ryanodine receptor modulation of in vitro associative learning in Hermissenda crassicornisK T Blackwell
Institute for Computational Sciences and Informatics, George Mason University, Krasnow Institute, MS 2A1, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
Brain Res 822:114-25. 1999..These results suggest a role for the ryanodine receptor in both a cellular correlate of classical conditioning and light adaptation...
- Responsiveness to sucrose affects tactile and olfactory learning in preforaging honey bees of two genetic strainsR Scheiner
Institut für Okologie und Biologie, Technische Universitat Berlin, Franklinstr 28 29, D 10587, Berlin, Germany
Behav Brain Res 120:67-73. 2001..Extinction of conditioned responses correlates with acquisition. Responses to alternative stimuli are independent of responsiveness to sucrose...
- Dopamine and octopamine differentiate between aversive and appetitive olfactory memories in DrosophilaMartin Schwaerzel
Lehrstuhl für Genetik und Neurobiologie, Biozentrum, Am Hubland, D 97074 Wurzburg, Germany
J Neurosci 23:10495-502. 2003..Our results suggest that in associative conditioning, different memories are formed of the same odor under different circumstances, and that they are linked to the respective motivational systems by their specific modulatory pathways...
- Synaptic plasticity in the lateral amygdala: a cellular hypothesis of fear conditioningH T Blair
Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
Learn Mem 8:229-42. 2001....
- A landmark blocks searching for a hidden platform in an environment with a distinctive shape after extended pretrainingMurray R Horne
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales
Learn Behav 37:167-78. 2009..Thus, blocking of geometric cues by a landmark is possible after extended initial training with the blocking cue...
- The cognitive representation of action: automatic integration of perceived action effectsB Hommel
Max Planck Institute for Psychological Research, Munchen, Germany
Psychol Res 59:176-86. 1996..Results are interpreted as evidence for an automatic integration of information about action effects and taken as support of an action-concept model of action-effect integration and stimulus-response compatibility...
- Relations between Pavlovian-instrumental transfer and reinforcer devaluationPeter C Holland
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 30:104-17. 2004....
- Associative mechanosensory conditioning of the proboscis extension reflex in honeybeesMartin Giurfa
Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
Learn Mem 11:294-302. 2004..This paradigm constitutes, therefore, a new standard procedure for further learning studies in honeybees...
- A cognitive science perspective on kindling and episode sensitization in recurrent affective disorderZ V Segal
Clarke Institute of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Psychol Med 26:371-80. 1996..This model suggests that the processes related to relapse/recurrence and episode onset may not be isomorphic and, as such, treatments that emphasize relapse prevention strategies should take this distinction into account...
- What-where-when memory in magpies (Pica pica)Ann Zinkivskay
Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Henry Wellcome Building for Neuroecology, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, UK
Anim Cogn 12:119-25. 2009..This shows that magpies can remember which food item they hoarded where, and when, even if the food items only differ from each other in their colour and are dispersed throughout a continuous caching substrate...
- Side-specificity of olfactory learning in the honeybee: US input sideJean Christophe Sandoz
Freie Universitat Berlin, Institut für Biologie Neurobiologie, 14195 Berlin, Germany
Learn Mem 9:337-48. 2002..Based on these data, we propose a functional model of the role of each brain side in processing lateralized CSs and USs in olfactory learning in honeybees...
- Conditional visuo-motor learning in primates: a key role for the basal gangliaFadila Hadj-Bouziane
Institut des Sciences Cognitives, CNRS UMR 5015, 67 Boulevard Pinel, 69675 Bron, France
J Physiol Paris 97:567-79. 2003..In this model, the basal ganglia are thought to play a key role in linking the sensory, motor, and reward information necessary for arbitrary mapping...
- Automatic integration of non-perceptual action effect features: the case of the associative affective Simon effectTom Beckers
Department of Psychology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Psychol Res 66:166-73. 2002..The results of Experiment 2 replicated those of Experiment 1, using alternating target-response assignment. These findings point to the integration of affective action effect feature codes in the cognitive representation of actions...
- Prediction error during retrospective revaluation of causal associations in humans: fMRI evidence in favor of an associative model of learningPhilip R Corlett
Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, United Kingdom
Neuron 44:877-88. 2004..Our results support a modified associative account of retrospective revaluation and demonstrate the potential of functional neuroimaging as a tool for evaluating competing learning models...
- Coherence of gamma-band EEG activity as a basis for associative learningW H Miltner
Department of Biological and Clinical Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany
Nature 397:434-6. 1999..In this way, coherence may be a signature for this and other types of learning...
- The associative processes involved in faces-proper names versus animals-common names binding: a comparative ERP studyFrederic Joassin
Universite Catholique de Louvain, Unite de Neurosciences Cognitives, Place du Cardinal Mercier, 10, 1348 Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
Biol Psychol 75:286-99. 2007....
- Accessory stimuli modulate effects of nonconscious primingRico Fischer
Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany
Percept Psychophys 69:9-22. 2007..The results suggest that the presentation of an accessory stimulus facilitates response activation processes because of the participants' enhanced level of preparation for stimulus processing...
- Contrasting reduced overshadowing and blockingDaniel S Wheeler
Department of Psychology, Binghamton University, State University of New York, Binghamton, NY 13902 6000, USA
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 33:349-59. 2007..Experiments 2a and 2b indicated that these effects of trial spacing were both mediated by the associative status of the context at test. The results are interpreted in the framework of contemporary learning theories...
- Lexical selection is not by competition: a reinterpretation of semantic interference and facilitation effects in the picture-word interference paradigmBradford Z Mahon
Department of PsychologyHarvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:503-35. 2007..This conclusion has important implications for models of lexical access and interpretations of Stroop-like interference effects...
- Independent retrieval of source dimensions: an extension of results by Starns and Hicks (2005) and a comment on the ACSIM measureVera Vogt
Department of Psychology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:443-50. 2007..In 2 further experiments, the authors use an extended multinomial model to analyze data showing that Starns and Hicks's conclusion holds even if results cannot be attributed to response biases...
- Independent, synchronous access to color and motion featuresAlex O Holcombe
School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Cognition 107:552-80. 2008..The timing of attentional cueing affected feature pairing reports as much as the timing of the features themselves...
- Discrimination blocking: acquisition versus performance deficits in human contingency learningLeyre Castro
Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
Learn Behav 35:149-62. 2007..Our participants learned about the added discrimination and generally showed the effects predicted by the comparator hypothesis...
- On the role of US expectancies in avoidance behaviorMieke Declercq
Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Psychon Bull Rev 15:99-102. 2008..The results indicated that after the revaluation phase, participants avoided the positive US less than the negative US. These results cannot be explained by S-R theories of avoidance learning...
- Transformation of avoidance response functions in accordance with same and opposite relational framesSimon Dymond
Department of Psychology, University of Wales, Swansea, Singleton Park, UK
J Exp Anal Behav 88:249-62. 2007..Control participants who were not exposed to relational training and testing did not show derived avoidance. Implications of the findings for understanding clinically significant avoidance behavior are discussed...
- Comparing elemental and configural associative theories in human causal learning: a case for attentionHarald Lachnit
Department of Psychology, Phillips Universitat, Marburg, Germany
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 34:303-13. 2008..This success implies that attentional factors should be explicitly taken into account in associative learning theory...
- Excitatory and inhibitory learning with absent stimuliDaniel S Wheeler
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, John Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 34:247-55. 2008..The results show the dynamic influence of temporal contiguity on mediated learning...
- Dynamics of the attentional control of word retrieval: analyses of response time distributionsArdi Roelofs
Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Exp Psychol Gen 137:303-23. 2008..The results were interpreted as most consistent with the symbolic account, which was corroborated by computer simulations...
- Implicit learning of semantic category sequences: response-independent acquisition of abstract sequential regularitiesThomas Goschke
Department of Psychology, Dresden University of Technology, Dresden, Germany
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:394-406. 2007..Results indicate that abstract sequential structures are learned implicitly, even if neither the surface stimuli nor the responses follow a sequence...
- Awareness in contextual cuing with extended and concurrent explicit testsAndrea C Smyth
Department of Psychology, University College London, London, England
Mem Cognit 36:403-15. 2008..These results demonstrate that contextual cuing knowledge is accessible to awareness...
- Electrophysiological correlates of encoding and retrieving emotional eventsStefanie Koenig
Department of Psychology, Saarland University, Saarbruecken, Germany
Emotion 8:162-73. 2008....
- Up-regulation of exploratory tendencies does not enhance general learning abilities in juvenile or young-adult outbred miceKenneth R Light
Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick Campus, 152 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
Neurobiol Learn Mem 90:317-29. 2008..Therefore, while exposure to novel environments promotes long-lasting increases in mice's exploratory tendencies, these increases in exploration do not appear to causally impact general learning abilities...
- The encoding process of nonconfigural information in contextual cuingHirokazu Ogawa
Cognitive Science Research Group, Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Tokyo, Japan
Percept Psychophys 70:329-36. 2008....
- Counteraction between two kinds of conditioned inhibition trainingGonzalo P Urcelay
Department of Psychology, State University of New York, Binghamton 13902 6000, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 15:103-7. 2008..The present results provide some information about the nature of conditioned inhibition and, more generally, cue interaction...
- Face imagery is based on featural representationsJanek S Lobmaier
Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, Switzerland
Exp Psychol 55:47-53. 2008..The results suggest that mental imagery activates featural representations more than configural representations...
- Covert orienting: a compound-cue account of the proportion cued effectEvan F Risko
Psychology Department, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
Psychon Bull Rev 15:123-7. 2008..The results of two experiments support this account...
- Multisensory identification of natural objects in a two-way crossmodal priming paradigmTill R Schneider
Department of Neurophysiology and Pathophysiology, Center of Experimental Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany
Exp Psychol 55:121-32. 2008..This result implicates that congruent visual and auditory stimulus pairs were perceived as the same object and demonstrates a first validation of the multimodal stimulus set...
- A derived transfer of functions and the implicit association testCatriona O'Toole
Department of Psychology, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Maynooth, Co Kildare, Ireland
J Exp Anal Behav 88:263-83. 2007..The results suggest that the IAT effect may arise from formally untested derived relations, and supports the argument that such relations could provide a valid behavioral model of semantic categories in natural language...
- Mask-induced priming and the negative compatibility effectPetroc Sumner
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Tower Building, Park Place, Cardiff, UK
Exp Psychol 55:133-41. 2008..Thus mask composition can contribute to NCEs, but when random line masks are employed, the major source of the NCE seems to be motor-inhibition...
- Savings tests: separating differences in rate of learning from differences in initial levelsRobert A Rescorla
Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3815 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 28:369-77. 2002..These experiments illustrate the usefulness of a novel testing procedure in sharpening the conclusions from savings procedures...
- Exploring trial-by-trial modulations of the Simon effectPeter Wuhr
Institut fur Psychologie I, Friedrich Alexander Universitat, Kochstrasse 4, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
Q J Exp Psychol A 58:705-31. 2005..The results seem to exclude repetition or alternation effects as the main cause of sequential modulations of the Simon effect, but both conflict monitoring and binding may contribute to these effects...
- Evidence for an age-independent process in category learningKenneth R Livingston
Vassar College, 124 Raymond Avenue, Poughkeepsie, NY 12604, USA
Dev Sci 8:319-25. 2005..They also suggest that these processes do not vary with age, which is at least consistent with the hypothesis that they are fundamental to the mechanisms underlying concept formation...
- Avoidance behavior can function as a negative occasion setterJan De Houwer
Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 31:101-6. 2005....
- Asymmetries in activation and arousal may contribute to lateralised effects of habituation and contingency learning during a repetitive choice reaction time taskCarolyn Declerck
University of Antwerp, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
Laterality 9:359-80. 2004..These results are explained in terms of hemispheric asymmetries in arousal and activation, as originally suggested by Tucker and Williamson (1984)...
- Auditory, visual, and cross-modal negative primingAxel Buchner
Institut fur Experimentelle Psychologie, Heinrich Heine Universitat, Dusseldorf, Germany
Psychon Bull Rev 10:917-23. 2003..Implications for theories of negative priming are discussed...
- The neural basis of the butcher-on-the-bus phenomenon: when a face seems familiar but is not rememberedGalit Yovel
Department of Psychology and Institute for Neuroscience, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 2710, USA
Neuroimage 21:789-800. 2004..These similarities between electrophysiological correlates of pure familiarity and recollection suggest that familiarity with faces may arise by virtue of a subset of the neural processing responsible for recollection...
- N200, N250r, and N400 event-related brain potentials reveal three loci of repetition priming for familiar namesEsther C Pickering
Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 29:1298-311. 2003..These findings suggest that the N200, N250r, and N400 effects reflect facilitated processing at font-specific featural, lexical, and semantic levels of processing, respectively...
- The late posterior negativity in ERP studies of episodic memory: action monitoring and retrieval of attribute conjunctionsMikael Johansson
Department of Psychology, Experimental Neuropsychology Unit, Saarland University, 66123 Saarbrucken, Germany
Biol Psychol 64:91-117. 2003....
- Adult age differences in episodic memory: further support for an associative-deficit hypothesisMoshe Naveh-Benjamin
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, 106 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 29:826-37. 2003..Finally, a group of younger adults who encoded the information under divided-attention conditions did not show this associative deficit...
- An enquiry into the process of categorization of pictures and wordsMadhubalan Viswanathan
Department of Business Administration, University of Illinois, Champaign 61820, USA
Percept Mot Skills 96:267-87. 2003..Therefore, pictures have an advantage in categorization by offering multiple routes to semantic processing...
- History matters: the preview benefit in search is not onset captureMelina A Kunar
Behavioural Brain Sciences Centre, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, England, United Kingdom
Psychol Sci 14:181-5. 2003..This top-up effect demonstrates that the history of the old stimuli is important for the preview benefit, contrary to the account favoring onset capture. We discuss alternative accounts of how the preview benefit arises...
- Summation in autoshaping is affected by the similarity of the visual stimuli to the stimulation they replaceJohn M Pearce
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3YG, United Kingdom
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 28:175-89. 2002..Responding during test trials with AB was stronger if the additional trials signaled the presence rather than the absence of food. The results are explained with a configural theory of conditioning...
- The effects of using stimuli from three different dimensions on autoshaping with a complex negative patterning discriminationJohn M Pearce
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, CF10 3YG Wales, UK
Q J Exp Psychol B 55:349-64. 2002..The results are consistent with predictions that can be derived from a configural theory of conditioning...
- The influence of cue-task association and location on switch cost and alternating-switch costKatherine D Arbuthnott
Department of Psychology, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, S4S 0A2
Can J Exp Psychol 56:18-29. 2002....
- Language comprehenders mentally represent the shapes of objectsRolf A Zwaan
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee 32306 1270, USA
Psychol Sci 13:168-71. 2002..These results support the hypothesis that perceptual symbols are routinely activated in language comprehension...
Research Grants175 found, 100 shown here
- Associative LearningROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2005..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
- Role of amygdala systems in associative learningPeter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Associatively-activated event representationsPeter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2006..The proposed research provides a basis for the understanding of basic processing of imaginal events in associative learning. ..
- AMYGDALA SYSTEMS AND ASSOCIATIVE LEARNINGPeter Holland; Fiscal Year: 1999..The proposed behavioral and neurobiological studies may provide new insights into cognitive functions of the amygdala, as well as relations between cognitive and motivational functions in associative learning. ..
- Amygdala systems in associative learningPeter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed studies will clarify the CEA's roles in the modulation of basal forebrain cholinergic systems and midbrain-striatal dopamine systems in food-based associative learning. ..
- Divided Attention and Reinforcement VariablesTIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Alcohol Cues:Opioid Anatagonism/ Behavioral EconomicsTIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005..Future studies could examine the role of specific opioid receptor subtypes or other receptor systems in the effects of alcohol cues and their relationship to genetic susceptibility to alcoholism. ..
- Temporal and Associative Aspects of Pavlovian LearningMARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2006..Many of the results will also increase our understanding of the causes of relapse after therapy and suggest ways to help prevent or minimize that relapse. ..
- US Specific and General Processes in Pavlovian LearningANDREW DELAMATER; Fiscal Year: 2006..More globally, it is hoped that these studies will provide a much firmer basis upon which to think about the cognitive and motivational foundations of learning. ..
- Behavioral Momentum of Alcohol Self-AdministrationTimothy A Shahan; Fiscal Year: 2010..Findings from this project may suggest novel behavioral treatments targeted at reducing the persistence of drug and alcohol abuse and preventing relapse. ..
- Extinction and Recovery in Associative LearningMARK BOUTON; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results will increase our understanding of extinction, a fundamental behavioral and clinical phenomenon, and will suggest ways to help promote extinction learning so as to minimize lapse and relapse. ..
- Behavioral Momentum of Alcohol Self-AdministrationTIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2009..Findings from this project may suggest novel behavioral treatments targeted at reducing the persisence of drug and alcohol abuse and preventing relapse. ..
- Extinction and Recovery in Associative LearningMark E Bouton; Fiscal Year: 2010..The results will increase our understanding of extinction, a fundamental behavioral and clinical phenomenon, and will suggest ways to help promote extinction learning so as to minimize lapse and relapse. ..
- Behavioral Momentum of Alcohol Self-AdministrationTIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2009..Findings from this project may suggest novel behavioral treatments targeted at reducing the persistence of drug and alcohol abuse and preventing relapse. ..
- DRUGS OF ABUSE AND LEARNED AVERSIONS: SOLVING A PARADOXPATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2009..aversion to cocaine-induced suppression of CS intake and, in so doing, begin to elucidate underlying substrates. ..
- DRUGS OF ABUSE AND LEARNED AVERSIONS: SOLVING A PARADOXPATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUSPATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2009..e., cocaine and heroin); and (c) Reveal that the nucleus accumbens depends upon an intact thalamocoritical loop to track cocaine's devaluation of a sweet. ..
- DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUSPatricia Sue Grigson; Fiscal Year: 2010..e., cocaine and heroin);and (c) Reveal that the nucleus accumbens depends upon an intact thalamocoritical loop to track cocaine's devaluation of a sweet. ..
- DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUSPATRICIA GRIGSON; Fiscal Year: 2007..If confirmed, we will have challenged the limits of the traditional "reward circuitry" and better elucidated the mechanisms of reward comparison. ..
- Metacognition in Comparative PerspectiveJ DAVID contact SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- A model of autobiographical memory & its changes in PTSDDavid Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2007..To try to understand the emotional system we will see whether reports of visceral emotional reactions are better predictors of other factors than are more cognitive reports of emotional intensity. ..
- Modeling the Effects of Aging on MemoryRobert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2006..In addition, the studies will demonstrate that perceptual processing abilities must be considered and either controlled for or manipulated in cognitive aging research. ..
- Neural Correlates of Autobiographical MemoryDavid Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed research will advance knowledge about the brain systems involved in retrieving information about autobiographical events by bridging between memory for real-world events and memory for laboratory stimuli. ..
- Response Selection as a Function of AgeRobert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002..These guidelines will lead to development of products and environments that allow elderly adults to remain more independent and to engage safely in more activities in their daily lives. ..
- MEMORY, LANGUAGE, CULTUREDavid Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Aging and Metacognition in Strategic Skill AcquisitionChristopher Hertzog; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Regulation of Intrinsic Plasticity in Neural CircuitsLeslie C Griffith; Fiscal Year: 2010..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE Lack of sleep is an increasingly serious human health problem in western society. Studies of the linkage between sleep and memory in Drosophila will provide insight into how sleep affects learning in humans. ..
- HIPPOCAMPAL AND CORTICAL CODING IN MEMORYHoward B Eichenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2011..These characterizations of individual and combined network processing in the hippocampus and surrounding cortex will improve our understanding of the normal functions of this system as well as its breakdown in memory disorders. ..