association learning

Summary

Summary: The principle that items experienced together enter into a connection, so that one tends to reinstate the other.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Induction of cAMP response element-binding protein-dependent medium-term memory by appetitive gustatory reinforcement in Drosophila larvae
    Ken Honjo
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305 8572, Japan
    J Neurosci 25:7905-13. 2005
  2. ncbi The cognitive representation of action: automatic integration of perceived action effects
    B Hommel
    Max Planck Institute for Psychological Research, Munchen, Germany
    Psychol Res 59:176-86. 1996
  3. ncbi Dissociating hippocampal versus basal ganglia contributions to learning and transfer
    Catherine E Myers
    Rutgers University Newark, University Avenue, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:185-93. 2003
  4. ncbi Hippocampal activation during transitive inference in humans
    Stephan Heckers
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, East CNY 9112, Bldg 149, Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Hippocampus 14:153-62. 2004
  5. ncbi Involvement of the CA3-CA1 synapse in the acquisition of associative learning in behaving mice
    Agnes Gruart
    Division de Neurociencias, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
    J Neurosci 26:1077-87. 2006
  6. ncbi Associative memory and the medial temporal lobes
    Andrew Mayes
    School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:126-35. 2007
  7. ncbi Context, ambiguity, and unlearning: sources of relapse after behavioral extinction
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 0134, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 52:976-86. 2002
  8. ncbi Associative learning mediates dynamic shifts in dopamine signaling in the nucleus accumbens
    Jeremy J Day
    Department of Psychology, Davie Hall CB no 3270, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Nat Neurosci 10:1020-8. 2007
  9. ncbi Prediction error during retrospective revaluation of causal associations in humans: fMRI evidence in favor of an associative model of learning
    Philip R Corlett
    Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, United Kingdom
    Neuron 44:877-88. 2004
  10. pmc The role of the lateral frontal cortex in causal associative learning: exploring preventative and super-learning
    Danielle C Turner
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, CB2 2QQ, UK
    Cereb Cortex 14:872-80. 2004

Research Grants

  1. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2005
  2. Role of amygdala systems in associative learning
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2005
  3. Associatively-activated event representations
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2006
  4. Alcohol Cues:Opioid Anatagonism/ Behavioral Economics
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
  5. US Specific and General Processes in Pavlovian Learning
    ANDREW DELAMATER; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. Divided Attention and Reinforcement Variables
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUS
    Patricia Sue Grigson; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. DYNAMIC REGULATION OF TUNING IN ADULT AUDITORY CORTEX
    NORMAN WEINBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2008
  9. LEARNING-INDUCED CORTICAL REPRESENTATIONAL PLASTICITY
    NORMAN WEINBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2001
  10. The amygdala & cortical receptive field plasticity
    NORMAN WEINBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2006

Detail Information

Publications298 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Induction of cAMP response element-binding protein-dependent medium-term memory by appetitive gustatory reinforcement in Drosophila larvae
    Ken Honjo
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305 8572, Japan
    J Neurosci 25:7905-13. 2005
    ..Moreover, we also show that synaptic output of larval mushroom body neurons is required for retrieval but not for acquisition and retention of the larval memory, including the CREB-dependent component...
  2. ncbi The cognitive representation of action: automatic integration of perceived action effects
    B Hommel
    Max Planck Institute for Psychological Research, Munchen, Germany
    Psychol Res 59:176-86. 1996
    ..Results are interpreted as evidence for an automatic integration of information about action effects and taken as support of an action-concept model of action-effect integration and stimulus-response compatibility...
  3. ncbi Dissociating hippocampal versus basal ganglia contributions to learning and transfer
    Catherine E Myers
    Rutgers University Newark, University Avenue, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:185-93. 2003
    ..This finding has implications for understanding the distinct contributions of the medial temporal lobe and basal ganglia to learning and memory...
  4. ncbi Hippocampal activation during transitive inference in humans
    Stephan Heckers
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, East CNY 9112, Bldg 149, Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Hippocampus 14:153-62. 2004
    ..We conclude that immediate access to simple stimulus-stimulus relationships is mediated via the parahippocampal gyrus, whereas the flexible representation of memory requires the recruitment of the hippocampus...
  5. ncbi Involvement of the CA3-CA1 synapse in the acquisition of associative learning in behaving mice
    Agnes Gruart
    Division de Neurociencias, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
    J Neurosci 26:1077-87. 2006
    ..Our results provide evidence of a relationship between activity-dependent synaptic plasticity and associative learning in behaving mice...
  6. ncbi Associative memory and the medial temporal lobes
    Andrew Mayes
    School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:126-35. 2007
    ..Using this framework, we consider psychological, lesion and functional imaging evidence, highlighting how informational convergence in the brain underlies the associative nature of both memory and perception...
  7. ncbi Context, ambiguity, and unlearning: sources of relapse after behavioral extinction
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 0134, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 52:976-86. 2002
    ..The article concludes with several issues for future research, among them the question of how we can optimize extinction and other putative "unlearning" treatments so as to prevent the various forms of relapse discussed here...
  8. ncbi Associative learning mediates dynamic shifts in dopamine signaling in the nucleus accumbens
    Jeremy J Day
    Department of Psychology, Davie Hall CB no 3270, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Nat Neurosci 10:1020-8. 2007
    ..Consistent with proposed roles in reward prediction and incentive salience, these results indicate that rapid dopamine release provides a reward signal that is dynamically modified by associative learning...
  9. ncbi Prediction error during retrospective revaluation of causal associations in humans: fMRI evidence in favor of an associative model of learning
    Philip R Corlett
    Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, United Kingdom
    Neuron 44:877-88. 2004
    ..Our results support a modified associative account of retrospective revaluation and demonstrate the potential of functional neuroimaging as a tool for evaluating competing learning models...
  10. pmc The role of the lateral frontal cortex in causal associative learning: exploring preventative and super-learning
    Danielle C Turner
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, CB2 2QQ, UK
    Cereb Cortex 14:872-80. 2004
    ..Furthermore, its activity is not directly explicable in terms of novelty or response errors and appears directly related to the learning that arises out of prediction error...
  11. ncbi Neural system interactions underlying human transitive inference
    Sandra N Moses
    Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Hippocampus 20:894-901. 2010
    ..Contrary to prior assumptions, the hippocampus and caudate interact cooperatively to facilitate successful TI. We suggest that the dynamics of the relationship between the hippocampus and caudate depends critically upon task demands...
  12. pmc Dentate gyrus is necessary for disambiguating similar object-place representations
    Inah Lee
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Korea
    Learn Mem 17:252-8. 2010
    ....
  13. ncbi Habitual versus goal-directed action control in Parkinson disease
    Sanne de Wit
    Department of Psychology, Amsterdam Center for Study of Adaptive Control in Brain and Behavior Acacia, University of Amsterdam, Roeterstraat 15, 1018 WB, The Netherlands
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:1218-29. 2011
    ..If anything our results suggest a disease severity-dependent deficit in goal-directed behavior. These results are discussed in the context of Parkinson disease and the neurobiology of habitual and goal-directed behavior...
  14. ncbi Neural activity supporting the formation of associative memory versus source memory
    Heekyeong Park
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
    Brain Res 1471:81-92. 2012
    ..The present findings have implications for roles of the medial temporal lobe sub-regions for successful formation of associative and source memories...
  15. ncbi New names for known things: on the association of novel word forms with existing semantic information
    Christian Dobel
    Institut für Biomagnetismus und Biosignalanalyse, Malmedyweg 15, 48149 Munster, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:1251-61. 2010
    ..Neural networks mediating these integration processes were found within left temporal lobe, an area typically described as one of the main generators of the N400 response...
  16. ncbi Optimizing inhibitory learning during exposure therapy
    Michelle G Craske
    Department of Psychology, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
    Behav Res Ther 46:5-27. 2008
    ..Strategies for enhancing inhibitory learning, and its retrieval over time and context, are reviewed along with their clinical implications for exposure therapy and directions for future research...
  17. ncbi Retrieval per se is not sufficient to trigger reconsolidation of human fear memory
    Dieuwke Sevenster
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Weesperplein 4, 1018 XA Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 97:338-45. 2012
    ..Second, mere retrieval of the fear memory is not sufficient to induce its labilization and reconsolidation...
  18. ncbi Context-sensitive elemental theory
    Allan R Wagner
    Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol B 56:7-29. 2003
    ..A. Rescorla and A. R. Wagner, as these have often been pitted against each other...
  19. ncbi Theories of associative learning in animals
    J M Pearce
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF1 3YG, United Kingdom
    Annu Rev Psychol 52:111-39. 2001
    ..The implications of the theories for understanding how humans derive causal judgments and solve categorization problems is considered...
  20. pmc Effect of 7,8-dihydroxyflavone, a small-molecule TrkB agonist, on emotional learning
    Raul Andero
    Institute of Neurosciences, Animal Physiology Unit, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Psychiatry 168:163-72. 2011
    ..The authors combined pharmacological, biochemical, and behavioral approaches in a preclinical study examining the role of 7,8-DHF in modulating emotional memory in mice...
  21. ncbi Differential effects of age on item and associative measures of memory: a meta-analysis
    Susan R Old
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Psychol Aging 23:104-18. 2008
    ....
  22. ncbi The predictive value of changes in effective connectivity for human learning
    C Buchel
    The Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Science 283:1538-41. 1999
    ..The time course of these plastic changes was highly correlated with individual learning performance, suggesting that interactions between brain areas underlie associative learning...
  23. ncbi Reduced Kamin blocking in non paranoid schizophrenia: associations with schizotypy
    P M Moran
    School of Psychology, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
    J Psychiatr Res 37:155-63. 2003
    ....
  24. ncbi Hippocampal, parahippocampal and occipital-temporal contributions to associative and item recognition memory: an fMRI study
    A P Yonelinas
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroscience, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Neuroreport 12:359-63. 2001
    ..The results indicate that partially distinct temporal lobe regions are involved during recognition memory for item and associative information...
  25. ncbi Adult age differences in memory performance: tests of an associative deficit hypothesis
    M Naveh-Benjamin
    Department of Behavioral Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 26:1170-87. 2000
    ..The implications of these results to older adults' episodic memory performance are discussed...
  26. ncbi Wistar rats show episodic-like memory for unique experiences
    Emriye Kart-Teke
    Institute of Physiological Psychology, Center for Biological and Medical Research, Heinrich Heine University of Dusseldorf, D 40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 85:173-82. 2006
    ..quot; We also found that acute stress impaired the animal's performance in the episodic-like memory task, which, however, could be partially reversed by the N-Methyl-D-aspartate-receptors agonist D-cycloserine...
  27. pmc The hippocampus and memory for "what," "where," and "when"
    Ceren Ergorul
    Center for Memory and Brain, Program in Neuroscience, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Learn Mem 11:397-405. 2004
    ..These findings indicate that rats integrate "what," "where," and "when" information in memory for single experiences, and that the hippocampus is critical to this capacity...
  28. ncbi Remembering visual motion: neural correlates of associative plasticity and motion recall in cortical area MT
    Anja Schlack
    Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Neuron 53:881-90. 2007
    ..This emergent shape selectivity reflects activation of neurons representing the motion stimuli recalled by association, and it suggests that recall-related activity may be a general feature of neurons in visual cortex...
  29. ncbi Elemental representations of stimuli in associative learning
    Justin A Harris
    School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Psychol Rev 113:584-605. 2006
    ..A. Rescorla (2000, 2001, 2002b) concerning the way that stimuli with different conditioning histories acquire associative strength when conditioned in compound...
  30. ncbi Dissociation of Pavlovian and instrumental incentive learning under dopamine antagonists
    A Dickinson
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Behav Neurosci 114:468-83. 2000
    ..These results suggest that Pavlovian and instrumental incentive learning are not mediated by a common process...
  31. pmc Selective and shared contributions of the hippocampus and perirhinal cortex to episodic item and associative encoding
    Bernhard P Staresina
    New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:1478-89. 2008
    ..Critically, together with a separately conducted behavioral study, these data raise the possibility that PrC encoding operations -- in conjunction with hippocampal mechanisms -- contribute to later recollection of presented item details...
  32. ncbi An investigation of learning strategy supporting transitive inference performance in humans compared to other species
    Sandra N Moses
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 44:1370-87. 2006
    ..Our work stipulates that cross-species generalizations must be interpreted cautiously, since performance on the same task may be mediated by different strategies and/or neural systems...
  33. ncbi Heterarchical reinforcement-learning model for integration of multiple cortico-striatal loops: fMRI examination in stimulus-action-reward association learning
    Masahiko Haruno
    ATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories, Department of Computational Neurobiology, 2 2 2 Hikaridai, Soraku gun, Kyoto, Japan
    Neural Netw 19:1242-54. 2006
    ..The model makes several fMRI-testable predictions of brain activity during stimulus-action-reward association learning. The caudate nucleus and the cognitive cortical areas are correlated with reward prediction error, while ..
  34. ncbi The propositional nature of human associative learning
    Chris J Mitchell
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Kensington, Australia
    Behav Brain Sci 32:183-98; discussion 198-246. 2009
    ....
  35. ncbi Histone deacetylase inhibitors improve learning consolidation in young and in KA-induced-neurodegeneration and SAMP-8-mutant mice
    Angela Fontán-Lozano
    Division de Neurociencias, Universidad Pablo de Olavide de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain
    Mol Cell Neurosci 39:193-201. 2008
    ..These results point out HDAC inhibitors as candidate agents for the palliative treatment of learning and memory impairments in aging and in neurodegenerative disorders...
  36. pmc Disrupted prediction-error signal in psychosis: evidence for an associative account of delusions
    P R Corlett
    Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
    Brain 130:2387-400. 2007
    ..Our results support a neurobiological theory of delusion formation that implicates aberrant prediction-error signalling, disrupted attentional allocation and associative learning in the formation of delusional beliefs...
  37. ncbi Neural substrates of eyeblink conditioning: acquisition and retention
    Kimberly M Christian
    Neuroscience Program, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 2520, USA
    Learn Mem 10:427-55. 2003
    ....
  38. pmc Prefrontal cortex: role in acquisition of overlapping associations and transitive inference
    Loren M DeVito
    Center for Memory and Brain, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Learn Mem 17:161-7. 2010
    ..These results suggest that the prefrontal cortex is part of an integral hippocampal-cortical network essential for relational memory organization...
  39. ncbi Effects of aging and divided attention on memory for items and their contexts
    Fergus I M Craik
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, and Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Aging 25:968-79. 2010
    ....
  40. ncbi Spontaneous recovery
    Robert A Rescorla
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Learn Mem 11:501-9. 2004
    ..Its very ubiquity suggests that spontaneous recovery has multiple sources...
  41. ncbi Overt attention and predictiveness in human contingency learning
    M E Le Pelley
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Tower Building, Park Place, Cardiff CF103AT, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 37:220-9. 2011
    ..These findings are consistent with the attentional model of associative learning proposed by Mackintosh (1975), but not with that proposed by Pearce and Hall (1980)...
  42. ncbi Extinction, generalization, and return of fear: a critical review of renewal research in humans
    Bram Vervliet
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 92:51-8. 2013
    ..Including these tests in future research will not only reveal the fear extinction mechanism in humans, but also inspire further developments in extinction treatment research...
  43. ncbi Acquisition of automatic imitation is sensitive to sensorimotor contingency
    Richard Cook
    Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 36:840-52. 2010
    ..If this is correct, associative learning theory could be used to explain, predict, and intervene in mirror system development...
  44. ncbi Activation of human hippocampal formation reflects success in both encoding and cued recall of paired associates
    Jed A Meltzer
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, TAC N134 C, New Haven, CT 06520 0843, USA
    Neuroimage 24:384-97. 2005
    ..The conjunction of these effects suggests that it is correct to view both encoding and recall of associative memories as functions of an integrated hippocampal system...
  45. ncbi Comparison of learning-related neuronal activity in the dorsal premotor cortex and striatum
    Peter J Brasted
    Section on Neurophysiology, Laboratory of Systems Neuroscience, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 4401, Maryland, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 19:721-40. 2004
    ..As a population, however, learning-related changes in activity continued after the monkeys reached an asymptote in performance...
  46. ncbi Associative learning of odor with food- or blood-meal by Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae)
    Jeffery K Tomberlin
    Department of Entomology, Texas A and M University, 1229 N US Hwy 281, Stephenville, TX 76401, USA
    Naturwissenschaften 93:551-6. 2006
    ..Such information could lead to a better understanding of the ability of mosquitoes to locate and select host and food resources in nature...
  47. pmc ERP correlates of source memory: unitized source information increases familiarity-based retrieval
    Rachel A Diana
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, 134 Young Hall, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Brain Res 1367:278-86. 2011
    ..The ERP and behavioral findings provide converging evidence for the idea that familiarity can contribute to source recognition, particularly when source information is encoded as an item detail...
  48. ncbi Learned associability and associative change in human causal learning
    M E Le Pelley
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol B 56:68-79. 2003
    ..Taken in combination, these results provide good support for Mackintosh (1975) and the characterizations of both cue and outcome processing that it offers...
  49. ncbi Errorless learning and memory performance in schizophrenia
    Ciaran C Mulholland
    Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, The Queen s University of Belfast, The Whitla Medical Building, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast, BT9 7BL, United Kingdom
    Psychiatry Res 159:180-8. 2008
    ..Errorless learning may play an important role in remediation of cognitive deficits for patients with schizophrenia...
  50. ncbi Probing the transformation of discontinuous associations into episodic memory: an event-related fMRI study
    Shaozheng Qin
    Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences CAS, 100101, Beijing, China
    Neuroimage 38:212-22. 2007
    ....
  51. ncbi Transcranial direct current stimulation influences probabilistic association learning in schizophrenia
    Ans Vercammen
    School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Schizophr Res 131:198-205. 2011
    Schizophrenia is associated with heterogeneity in symptoms, cognition and treatment response. Probabilistic association learning, involving a gradual learning of cue-outcome associations, activates a frontal-striatal network in healthy ..
  52. ncbi Activity profiles of single neurons in caudal anterior cingulate cortex during trace eyeblink conditioning in the rabbit
    Aldis P Weible
    Department of Physiology and Institute for Neuroscience, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
    J Neurophysiol 90:599-612. 2003
    ..Taken together, these data suggest that the caudal AC is involved early in trace eyeblink conditioning and that maintenance of the CS-elicited excitatory response may serve to signal the salience of the tone...
  53. ncbi Stimulus coding in human associative learning: flexible representations of parts and wholes
    Klaus G Melchers
    Universitat Zurich, Switzerland
    Behav Processes 77:413-27; discussion 451-3. 2008
    ..Lines of possible future theory development are discussed...
  54. ncbi Medial prefrontal cortex and pavlovian conditioning: trace versus delay conditioning
    Joselyn McLaughlin
    Shirley L Buchanan Neuroscience Laboratory, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Columbia, South Carolina 29209 1639, USA
    Behav Neurosci 116:37-47. 2002
    ..Accompanying CS-evoked heart rate slowing was attenuated under all conditions by the mPFC lesions, although this result was not always statistically significant...
  55. pmc Complex dynamic processes in sign tracking with an omission contingency (negative automaintenance)
    Peter R Killeen
    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Box 1104, Tempe, Arizona 85287 1104, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 29:49-61. 2003
    ..Response rates during trials were correlated with the prior probabilities of a response. Rescaled range analyses showed that the behavioral trajectories were a kind of fractional Brownian motion...
  56. ncbi Dopaminergic medication boosts action-effect binding in Parkinson's disease
    James W Moore
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, UK
    Neuropsychologia 48:1125-32. 2010
    ..These results shed light on the contribution of dopamine to the experience of instrumental action, and also on impulse control disorders and psychosis in medicated PD patients...
  57. ncbi Conditional associative learning and the hippocampal system
    V Sziklas
    Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Hippocampus 8:131-7. 1998
    ..These findings suggest that the interaction between the hippocampus and subcortical structures via the fornix may be critical only for certain types of spatial learning and memory...
  58. ncbi The representation of instructions operates like a prepared reflex: flanker compatibility effects found in first trial following S-R instructions
    Oshrit Cohen-Kdoshay
    Department of Behavioral Sciences ans Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Exp Psychol 56:128-33. 2009
    ..The authors show that the FCE was present in the first trial immediately following the instructions, thus providing unequivocal support for the PR metaphor...
  59. ncbi Apes save tools for future use
    Nicholas J Mulcahy
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Science 312:1038-40. 2006
    ..These findings suggest that the precursor skills for planning for the future evolved in great apes before 14 million years ago, when all extant great ape species shared a common ancestor...
  60. ncbi Understanding the neural computations of arbitrary visuomotor learning through fMRI and associative learning theory
    Andrea Brovelli
    CNRS UMR 6193, Mediterranean Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille, France
    Cereb Cortex 18:1485-95. 2008
    ..The results provide quantitative evidence of the neural computations mediating arbitrary visuomotor learning and suggest new directions for future computational models...
  61. ncbi Do chimpanzees learn reputation by observation? Evidence from direct and indirect experience with generous and selfish strangers
    Francys Subiaul
    Department of Speech and Hearing Science, Mind, Brain and Evolution Cluster, The George Washington University, 2115 G Street, NW 204, Washington, DC 20001, USA
    Anim Cogn 11:611-23. 2008
    ..These results demonstrate that chimpanzees can infer the reputation of strangers by eavesdropping on third-party interactions...
  62. ncbi Reinstatement of extinguished conditioned responses and negative stimulus valence as a pathway to return of fear in humans
    Trinette Dirikx
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven 3000, Belgium
    Learn Mem 11:549-54. 2004
    ..These data provide clear evidence for reinstatement and for the role of negative stimulus valence in the return of conditioned responding after extinction...
  63. pmc NMDA receptor-dependent processes in the medial prefrontal cortex are important for acquisition and the early stage of consolidation during trace, but not delay eyeblink conditioning
    Kaori Takehara-Nishiuchi
    Laboratory of Neurobiophysics, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Japan
    Learn Mem 12:606-14. 2005
    ..These results suggest that the mPFC participates in both acquisition of a CR and the early stage of consolidation of memory in trace, but not delay eyeblink conditioning by NMDA receptor-mediated operations...
  64. ncbi Invertebrate D2 type dopamine receptor exhibits age-based plasticity of expression in the mushroom bodies of the honeybee brain
    Merideth A Humphries
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072 Australia
    J Neurobiol 55:315-30. 2003
    ..Moreover, the plasticity of expression observed in the large cells implicates this receptor in the behavioral maturation of the bee...
  65. pmc Rat orbitofrontal cortex separately encodes response and outcome information during performance of goal-directed behavior
    Tomoyuki Furuyashiki
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
    J Neurosci 28:5127-38. 2008
    ..These data demonstrate a broader role of OFC information processing in goal-directed behavior, beyond its widely recognized role in outcome expectancy...
  66. pmc Removing the frontal lobes: the effects of engaging executive functions on perceptual category learning
    J Vincent Filoteo
    Research Service, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California 92161, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:415-23. 2010
    ..These findings demonstrate the paradoxical situation in which learning can be improved under sequential-task conditions and have important implications for training, decision making, and understanding interactive memory systems...
  67. ncbi Impaired associative learning in chronic schizophrenics and their first-degree relatives: a study of latent inhibition and the Kamin blocking effect
    A Martins Serra
    Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Schizophr Res 48:273-89. 2001
    ..The severe impairment in basic associative learning in schizophrenic patients and their kin warrants further investigation...
  68. ncbi The parahippocampal cortex mediates spatial and nonspatial associations
    E Aminoff
    Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging at MGH, Harvard Medical School, Cahrlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:1493-503. 2007
    ..By modifying the existing view of the PHC function accordingly, the seemingly contradicting processes that activate it can be reconciled under one overarching framework...
  69. pmc Electrical stimulation of the rostral medial prefrontal cortex in rabbits inhibits the expression of conditioned eyelid responses but not their acquisition
    Rocio Leal-Campanario
    Division de Neurociencias, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:11459-64. 2007
    ..Functional and behavioral implications of this inhibitory role of the rostral mPFC are discussed...
  70. ncbi The misbehavior of value and the discipline of the will
    Peter Dayan
    Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, UCL, 17 Queen Square, London, UK
    Neural Netw 19:1153-60. 2006
    ..The misbehavior created by Pavlovian values can be quite debilitating; we discuss how it may be disciplined...
  71. ncbi Schemas and memory consolidation
    Dorothy Tse
    Laboratory for Cognitive Neuroscience, Centre for Cognitive and Neural Systems, and Centre for Neuroscience Research, University of Edinburgh, 1 George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, Scotland, UK
    Science 316:76-82. 2007
    ..The concept of neocortical schemas may unite psychological accounts of knowledge structures with neurobiological theories of systems memory consolidation...
  72. ncbi Role of the hippocampal system in associative learning beyond the spatial domain
    P J Brasted
    Laboratory of Systems Neuroscience, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 4401, USA
    Brain 126:1202-23. 2003
    ....
  73. pmc Face-name association learning and brain structural substrates in alcoholism
    Anne Lise Pitel
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5723, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 36:1171-9. 2012
    ..It is also unknown whether prompting alcoholics to implement a deep level of processing during face-name encoding would enhance performance...
  74. ncbi Effect of cerebellar reversible inactivations on the acquisition of trace conditioned eyeblink responses in guinea pigs: comparison of short and long trace intervals
    Bo Hu
    Department of Neurosurgery, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038, China
    Neurosci Lett 459:41-5. 2009
    ..These results suggested that while the ipsilateral cerebellum is essential for the expression of trace CRs, its contribution to the acquisition of trace CRs appears to mainly depend on the time length of TI...
  75. pmc Foxp2 mutations impair auditory-motor association learning
    Simone Kurt
    Institute of Neurobiology, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany
    PLoS ONE 7:e33130. 2012
    ..of proficient spoken language involves auditory-guided vocal learning, a specialized form of sensory-motor association learning. The impact of etiological Foxp2 mutations on learning of auditory-motor associations in mammals has not ..
  76. ncbi Ibotenic acid lesions to ventrolateral thalamic nuclei disrupts trace and delay eyeblink conditioning in rabbits
    B B Oswald
    Shirley L Buchanan Neuroscience Laboratory, Dorn VA Medical Center, Columbia, SC 29209, USA
    Behav Brain Res 179:111-7. 2007
    ..These findings, thus confirm the importance of the VLTN in a postulated cerebellar-thalamic-prefrontal circuit that underlies successful trace, as well as delay EB conditioning...
  77. pmc Associative encoding in anterior piriform cortex versus orbitofrontal cortex during odor discrimination and reversal learning
    Matthew R Roesch
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:643-52. 2007
    ....
  78. ncbi ALTSim: a MATLAB simulator for current associative learning theories
    Anna Thorwart
    Philipps Universitat Marburg, Marburg, Germany
    Behav Res Methods 41:29-34. 2009
    ..It is an easy-to-use tool that facilitates evaluating and comparing the featured associative learning models. ALTSim is available free of charge from www.staff.uni-marburg.de/~lachnit/ALTSim/...
  79. pmc Schema-driven facilitation of new hierarchy learning in the transitive inference paradigm
    Dharshan Kumaran
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Learn Mem 20:388-94. 2013
    ....
  80. ncbi Comparing elemental and configural associative theories in human causal learning: a case for attention
    Harald Lachnit
    Department of Psychology, Phillips Universitat, Marburg, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 34:303-13. 2008
    ..This success implies that attentional factors should be explicitly taken into account in associative learning theory...
  81. ncbi Entorhinal cortex lesions disrupt the relational organization of memory in monkeys
    Cindy A Buckmaster
    Fishberg Department of Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029 6574, USA
    J Neurosci 24:9811-25. 2004
    ..Together, the findings support the conclusion that the primate hippocampal system critically enables the relational organization of declarative memory...
  82. ncbi Relations between Pavlovian-instrumental transfer and reinforcer devaluation
    Peter C Holland
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 30:104-17. 2004
    ....
  83. ncbi Environmental context-dependent memory: a review and meta-analysis
    S M Smith
    Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station 77843 4235, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 8:203-20. 2001
    ..We conclude that environmental context-dependent memory effects are less likely to occur under conditions in which the immediate environment is likely to be suppressed...
  84. ncbi Effect of aging on stimulus-reward association learning
    T Mell
    Department of Neurology, Berlin NeuroImaging Center, Charite, Campus Mitte, Schumannstr 20 21, 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 43:554-63. 2005
    ..tasks requiring flexible adaptation to external feedback, which could be related to impairments in reward association learning. To study the effect of aging on stimulus-reward association learning 20 young and 20 older adults ..
  85. ncbi Eyeblink conditioning deficits indicate timing and cerebellar abnormalities in schizophrenia
    S M Brown
    Department of Psychology, Indiana University, 1101 East Tenth Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Brain Cogn 58:94-108. 2005
    ..These findings are consistent with models of schizophrenia in which timing deficits underlie information-processing abnormalities and clinical features of the disorder...
  86. pmc Uncertainty in category-based induction: when do people integrate across categories?
    Gregory L Murphy
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 36:263-76. 2010
    ..The experiments revealed significant individual differences, suggesting that use of multiple categories is one of a number of strategies that can be used rather than being the basis for most category-based induction...
  87. ncbi Electric shock-induced associative olfactory learning in Drosophila larvae
    Dennis Pauls
    Department of Biology, University of Fribourg, Chemin du Musee 10, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Chem Senses 35:335-46. 2010
    ....
  88. pmc Neural correlates of encoding within- and across-domain inter-item associations
    Heekyeong Park
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas Arlington, Arlington, TX 75069 19528, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:2533-43. 2011
    ....
  89. ncbi The role of prelimbic cortex in instrumental conditioning
    Laura H Corbit
    Department of Psychology and the Brain Research Institute, University of California, Box 951563, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Behav Brain Res 146:145-57. 2003
    ....
  90. ncbi Evidence for the role of higher order reasoning processes in cue competition and other learning phenomena
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Learn Behav 33:239-49. 2005
    ..We review the evidence that supports this hypothesis and discuss whether higher order reasoning might also play a role in other learning phenomena...
  91. ncbi Hemispheric differences in the time-course of semantic priming processes: evidence from event-related potentials (ERPs)
    Sarah Bouaffre
    Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives EA 487, Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux2, Bordeaux, France
    Brain Cogn 63:123-35. 2007
    ..In the right visual field/left hemisphere, both N400 and Late Positive Component (LPC/P600) were modulated by semantic relatedness, while only a late effect was present in the left visual field/ right hemisphere...
  92. ncbi Medial temporal lobe activations during associative memory encoding for arbitrary and semantically related object pairs
    Amelie M Achim
    Brain Imaging Group, Douglas Hospital Research Centre, Montreal, Canada
    Brain Res 1161:46-55. 2007
    ..Most importantly, this study suggests that associative processing can activate the MTL regardless of the pre-existence of an association between the items of a pair...
  93. ncbi Functional specialisation in the hippocampus and perirhinal cortex during the encoding of verbal associations
    Andrea Greve
    Wales Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience WICN, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, UK
    Neuropsychologia 49:2746-54. 2011
    ..This functional separation is consistent with models in which the hippocampus and perirhinal cortex support two separable processes that contribute to memories for verbal associations...
  94. ncbi Symmetrical generalization decrements: configural stimulus processing in human contingency learning
    Anna Thorwart
    Philipps Universitat Marburg, Marburg, Germany
    Learn Behav 37:107-15. 2009
    ..The manipulations of the stimuli had no effect on stimulus processing. This is in line with Pearce's configural model, but it is at variance with the elemental models and previous studies...
  95. ncbi Occasion setting of timing behavior
    Charlotte Bonardi
    School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 33:339-48. 2007
    ..This manipulation did not have a substantial effect on discrimination performance. These results are discussed with reference to theories of occasion setting, timing, and configural learning...
  96. ncbi From prediction error to psychosis: ketamine as a pharmacological model of delusions
    P R Corlett
    Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 21:238-52. 2007
    ....
  97. ncbi Smoking expectancy mediates the conditioned responses to arbitrary smoking cues
    M Field
    Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
    Behav Pharmacol 12:183-94. 2001
    ..In addition, these data suggest that craving CRs can be eliminated, whereas compensatory CRs can be facilitated, when cigarette expectancy is removed with instructions...
  98. ncbi Acquired equivalence and distinctiveness of cues: I. Exploring a neural network approach
    R C Honey
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3YG, Wales, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 28:378-87. 2002
    ..These results support a connectionist approach to acquired changes in stimulus distinctiveness...
  99. ncbi The ontogeny of human learning in delay, long-delay, and trace eyeblink conditioning
    Jane S Herbert
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Duke University, USA
    Behav Neurosci 117:1196-210. 2003
    ..These findings suggest that higher order cognitive abilities begin emerging early in development. Across ontogeny, however, there are changes in the limits and parameters that support associative learning...
  100. ncbi Dopamine and octopamine differentiate between aversive and appetitive olfactory memories in Drosophila
    Martin Schwaerzel
    Lehrstuhl für Genetik und Neurobiologie, Biozentrum, Am Hubland, D 97074 Wurzburg, Germany
    J Neurosci 23:10495-502. 2003
    ..Our results suggest that in associative conditioning, different memories are formed of the same odor under different circumstances, and that they are linked to the respective motivational systems by their specific modulatory pathways...
  101. ncbi Augmentation in contingency learning under time pressure
    Miguel A Vadillo
    Departamento de Psicologia, Universidad de Deusto, Apartado 1, 48080 Bilbao, Spain
    Br J Psychol 101:579-89. 2010
    ..The results show that under these conditions, augmentation, instead of blocking, is observed...

Research Grants69

  1. Associative Learning
    ROBERT RESCORLA; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These studies would importantly influence our thinking about elementary associative learning processes. They would illuminate the process of extinction, a process important both to clinical applications and to neural investigations. ..
  2. Role of amygdala systems in associative learning
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. Associatively-activated event representations
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed research provides a basis for the understanding of basic processing of imaginal events in associative learning. ..
  4. Alcohol Cues:Opioid Anatagonism/ Behavioral Economics
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Future studies could examine the role of specific opioid receptor subtypes or other receptor systems in the effects of alcohol cues and their relationship to genetic susceptibility to alcoholism. ..
  5. US Specific and General Processes in Pavlovian Learning
    ANDREW DELAMATER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..More globally, it is hoped that these studies will provide a much firmer basis upon which to think about the cognitive and motivational foundations of learning. ..
  6. Divided Attention and Reinforcement Variables
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  7. DRUGS OF ABUSE, REWARD COMPARISON, AND THE THALAMUS
    Patricia Sue Grigson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..e., cocaine and heroin);and (c) Reveal that the nucleus accumbens depends upon an intact thalamocoritical loop to track cocaine's devaluation of a sweet. ..
  8. DYNAMIC REGULATION OF TUNING IN ADULT AUDITORY CORTEX
    NORMAN WEINBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. LEARNING-INDUCED CORTICAL REPRESENTATIONAL PLASTICITY
    NORMAN WEINBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  10. The amygdala & cortical receptive field plasticity
    NORMAN WEINBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. EMOTION AND RETUNING OF AUDITORY CORTEX
    NORMAN WEINBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  12. Effects of Aging on Learning & Retrieval of Proper Names
    LORI JAMES; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Experiments in both projects address theoretical, empirical, and practical questions about memory for proper names and about how name processing changes in old age. ..
  13. Medial Temporal Lobe Contributions to Memory
    DEBORAH HANNULA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  14. Associations between perceptual features and information that was never perceived
    Jason Arndt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Associative Mechanisms of Spatial Cognition
    AARON BLAISDELL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Acquired Appetitive Properties of Nicotine
    Rick A Bevins; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  17. Prefrontal -> Top Down Contribution to Object Recognition
    Moshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Lastly, the proposed DTI experiments can contribute insights for the treatment of demyelination diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. ..
  18. Temporal Integration of Learned Behavior
    AARON BLAISDELL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  19. Perceptual and Decisional Processes in Categorization
    W Maddox; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Project 4 extends the studies in Project I - 3 to an explicit decision criterion task where observers adjust an observable decision criterion on each trial. These data are useful for testing learning models. ..
  20. Contextual Predictions Facilitate Visual Cognition
    Moshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Response Selection as a Function of Age
    Robert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These guidelines will lead to development of products and environments that allow elderly adults to remain more independent and to engage safely in more activities in their daily lives. ..
  22. SPATIAL FUNCTIONS OF THE MEDIAL TEMPORAL LOBE
    WENDY SUZUKI; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results from these studies have implications for understanding a variety of neurological states associated with memory dysfunction including Alzheimer's disease, epilepsy and schizophrenia. ..
  23. MOLECULAR VARIABLES AFFECTING CHOICE BEHAVIOR
    JAMES MAZUR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  24. Responses and Equivalence Classes
    Peter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Markers of Risk for Anxiety Disorders
    Michelle Craske; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Measurement of eye gaze in youths to gauge ongoing conditioning and attentional processes represents a new methodology. ..
  26. Top-down Cortical Facilitation
    Moshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. IMPROVING CARE OF PANIC DISORDER IN PRIMARY CARE
    Michelle Craske; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. PAVLOVIAN CONDITIONING PROCESSES INVOLVING NICOTINE
    RICK BEVINS; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..intermittent delivery). Elucidating the behavioral processes underlying acquisition and expression of Pavlovian drug conditioning will have important implications for prevention and intervention strategies. ..
  29. Reference-dose method and cocaine-conditioned choice
    RICK BEVINS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..That research could translate into more effective intervention strategies. ..
  30. Conditioning-specific reflex modification
    BERNARD SCHREURS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. NEUROPHARMACOLOGY OF PRIMATE COGNITION
    MICHAEL TAFFE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. Cellular and Molecular Basis of Long-Term Habituation
    David Glanzman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such an understanding will facilitate the development of treatments of diseases of memory, such as Alzheimer's. ..
  33. Modulation of AMPA-Type Receptor Trafficking in Aplysia
    David Glanzman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Furthermore, the laboratories of the collaborators have the necessary equipment for the proposed research. ..
  34. Adolescent Exposure to Psychostimulants: Role of nNOS
    Yossef Itzhak; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Results of these studies would provide new information on mechanisms that underlie the development of hypersensitivity to these drugs from adolescence through adulthood. ..
  35. Cross-modal processing and lexical development
    Vladimir M Sloutsky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This knowledge may also have broader impact on the clinical community by elucidating factors underlying Specific Language Impairments (SLI). ..
  36. SPARC2000+: Science Fair Drug Abuse Science Literacy
    JESSE WHITLOW; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. A Conditioning Analysis of Memory
    Carolyn Rovee Collier; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The research will also provide a unique and systematic database for neuroscientists seeking the biological underpinnings of learning and memory. ..
  38. Learning in Infants of Chronically Depressed Mothers
    Peter Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These experiments promise to lay the foundation for future studies aimed at preventing learning problems in infants of depressed mothers. ..
  39. UNCONSCIOUS AND IMPLICIT COGNITION
    Anthony Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  40. AGING, METAMEMORY, AND STRATEGY USE DURING LEARNING
    Christopher Hertzog; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. The Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Category Learning
    F Ashby; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., teaching radiologists to find tumors in x-rays). ..
  42. Stress and Memory Formation Across the Female Lifespan
    Tracey Shors; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Emotional Granularity: A View From Multiple Levels
    Lisa Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Emotional experiences will come to be viewed as fluid, emergent phenomena that are constructed and elaborated via mental representations. In the broadest context, it has the potential to impact research where emotion plays some role. ..
  44. Neural Underpinnings of Familiarity
    CARMEN WESTERBERG; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This hypothesis will be tested by measuring damage to specific subregions of the MTLC in MCI patients, and assessing relationships between such damage and familiarity-based memory performance. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. SOCIAL LEARNING AND ALCOHOL INTAKE IN ADOLESCENT RATS
    Pamela Hunt; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The end result of this work will be an increased understanding of the neurochemical and behavioral factors underlying social acquisition of ethanol preferences. ..
  46. Contingency Learning and Judgment in Older Adults
    SHARON MUTTER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Together, the experiments in these three studies will provide a comprehensive view of older adults' ability to acquire, retrieve, and use contingency information for judgment and prediction. ..
  47. COGNITIVE EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL IN PERI-ADOLESCENT MONKEYS
    MICHAEL TAFFE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This exploratory study will provide evidence regarding the risks posed to cognition by heavy alcohol drinking in the peri-adolescent period. ..
  48. Linking Affect to Action: Critical Contributions of the Orbitofrontal Cortex
    Geoffrey Schoenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The participation of minorities and women has been emphasized at each level (organizers, speakers, students). Thus the conference will address important scientific, social, and educational issues. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. Drug Modulators in Appetitive Pavlovian Conditioning
    MATTHEW PALMATIER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In addition, the modulators will probably have little direct "associative" strength and could potentially be used to solve discriminations in which they were never trained. ..
  50. Nicotine & Ethanol Influences on Contextual Conditioning
    Thomas Gould; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Understanding the underlying neurobiology will not only further aid in this understanding but will also aid in developing treatments for alcoholism and nicotine addiction. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Executive Control in Implicit Attitude Measurement
    Brian Payne; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The third series examines more complex situations (e.g. the presence of an African American experimenter) which might influence implicit prejudice measures through both routes. ..
  52. Murine Model of Marijuana-Induced Executive Dysfunction
    RUTH COLWILL; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Changes in endocannabinoid levels: -Measurements of anandamide and 2-arachidonylglycerol in dissected brain regions using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). ..
  53. Neonatal Ethanol-Induced Memory Impairments in Rats
    Pamela Hunt; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The potential for amelioration of these cognitive deficits using both behavioral and pharmacological strategies will provide important information regarding treatment approaches for afflicted individuals. ..
  54. BEHAVIORAL TOXICITY OF MDMA IN RHESUS MONKEYS
    MICHAEL TAFFE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Specific Aim IV: To determine if a history of MDMA exposure impairs acquisition and performance of a battery of neuropsychological tests. ..
  55. A Virtual Laboratory for the Social and Behavioral Sciences
    BRIAN NOSEK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. Fear inhibition in posttraumatic stress disorder
    Tanja Jovanovic; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The present study will investigate how awareness interacts with startle in PTSD subjects. Finally, the present study will examine the relationship between contingency awareness and fear inhibition. ..
  57. Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Learning in the Zebrafish
    David Glanzman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such an understanding will facilitate the development of treatments for Alzheimer's disease and other disorders of memory. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Translating Extinction of Fear to Anxiety Disorder Treatment
    Mark Barad; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These experiments should help establish the translational validity of the extinction model for anxiety disorder treatment and also may yield potential improvements in current anxiety disorder treatments. ..
  59. Automated Testing of Learning and Memory
    CHARLES GALLISTEL; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  60. SYNAPTIC PLASTICITY AND MEMORY CODING
    Howard Eichenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  61. Aging and Metacognition in Strategic Skill Acquisition
    Christopher Hertzog; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. Neural Correlates of Autobiographical Memory
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. MEMORY, LANGUAGE, CULTURE
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  64. A Dynamic Process Approach to Cognitive Representation
    John Lipinski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This empirical work will lay the essential groundwork for development of a formal model linking linguistic and non-linguistic representations of space. ..
  65. SELF-MANAGEMENT OF SICKLE CELL DISEASE
    Stephen McCauley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  66. Cognitive Processing System Components Share Resources
    KATHERINE RAWSON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Subsequent research will adapt this experimental approach to evaluate other core assumptions of the theory. Findings from this programmatic research will have important theoretical and applied implications. ..
  67. Translational Research on NCR Interventions for Behavior Disorders
    ISER DELEON; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This project will determine the extent to these side effects occur as a first step towards determining how they can be avoided. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  68. Establishment and Durability of Reinforcing Stimuli
    ISER DELEON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., self-injury) in the target population, can be used effectively in this manner following exposure to the value enhancement procedures. ..
  69. TRAINING IN COGNITIVE AND COMPUTATIONAL NEUROSCIENCE
    Michael Arbib; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The plan for the postdoctoral position focuses on permitting a student trained in psychology or linguistics to gain additional expertise related to cognitive and computational neuroscience. ..