learning

Summary

Summary: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A neural substrate of prediction and reward
    W Schultz
    Institute of Physiology, University of Fribourg, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Science 275:1593-9. 1997
  2. pmc New neurons and new memories: how does adult hippocampal neurogenesis affect learning and memory?
    Wei Deng
    Laboratory of Genetics, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:339-50. 2010
  3. pmc A theory of cortical responses
    Karl Friston
    The Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:815-36. 2005
  4. ncbi Uncertainty, neuromodulation, and attention
    Angela J Yu
    Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, London, United Kingdom
    Neuron 46:681-92. 2005
  5. ncbi The molecular biology of memory storage: a dialogue between genes and synapses
    E R Kandel
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Science 294:1030-8. 2001
  6. ncbi Bayesian integration in sensorimotor learning
    Konrad P Kording
    Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Nature 427:244-7. 2004
  7. ncbi Learning the value of information in an uncertain world
    Timothy E J Behrens
    FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Nat Neurosci 10:1214-21. 2007
  8. ncbi By carrot or by stick: cognitive reinforcement learning in parkinsonism
    Michael J Frank
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Science 306:1940-3. 2004
  9. pmc Exercise enhances learning and hippocampal neurogenesis in aged mice
    Henriette van Praag
    Laboratory of Genetics, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Neurosci 25:8680-5. 2005
  10. ncbi Neurocognitive mechanisms of cognitive control: the role of prefrontal cortex in action selection, response inhibition, performance monitoring, and reward-based learning
    K Richard Ridderinkhof
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Brain Cogn 56:129-40. 2004

Research Grants

  1. Evaluating Alternative Retinopathy Screening Approaches
    CHARLES BASCH; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. TAILORED COMMUNICATIONS FOR COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING
    CHARLES BASCH; Fiscal Year: 2003
  3. Contextual cueing and implicit learning
    Yuhong Jiang; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. Contextual cueing and implicit learning
    Yuhong Jiang; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. The Role of Gesture in Learning
    Susan Goldin Meadow; Fiscal Year: 2007
  6. Spontaneous Sign Systems in Four Cultures
    Susan Goldin Meadow; Fiscal Year: 2005
  7. SPONTANEOUS SIGN SYSTEMS IN CHILDREN
    Susan Goldin Meadow; Fiscal Year: 1992
  8. Spontaneous Sign Systems in Five Cultures
    Susan Goldin Meadow; Fiscal Year: 2007
  9. SPONTANEOUS SIGN SYSTEM IN CHINESE AND AMERICAN CHILDREN
    Susan Goldin Meadow; Fiscal Year: 2000
  10. The Role of Gesture in Learning
    SUSAN J GOLDIN MEADOW; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications228 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A neural substrate of prediction and reward
    W Schultz
    Institute of Physiology, University of Fribourg, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Science 275:1593-9. 1997
    ..Behavioral experiments suggest that learning is driven by changes in the expectations about future salient events such as rewards and punishments...
  2. pmc New neurons and new memories: how does adult hippocampal neurogenesis affect learning and memory?
    Wei Deng
    Laboratory of Genetics, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:339-50. 2010
    ..into the circuitry of the adult hippocampus suggests an important role for adult hippocampal neurogenesis in learning and memory, but its specific function in these processes has remained elusive...
  3. pmc A theory of cortical responses
    Karl Friston
    The Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:815-36. 2005
    ..on perception, in terms of modern-day statistical theories, one arrives at a model of perceptual inference and learning that can explain a remarkable range of neurobiological facts...
  4. ncbi Uncertainty, neuromodulation, and attention
    Angela J Yu
    Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, London, United Kingdom
    Neuron 46:681-92. 2005
    ..These uncertainty signals interact to enable optimal inference and learning in noisy and changeable environments...
  5. ncbi The molecular biology of memory storage: a dialogue between genes and synapses
    E R Kandel
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Science 294:1030-8. 2001
    One of the most remarkable aspects of an animal's behavior is the ability to modify that behavior by learning, an ability that reaches its highest form in human beings...
  6. ncbi Bayesian integration in sensorimotor learning
    Konrad P Kording
    Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Nature 427:244-7. 2004
    ..The central nervous system therefore employs probabilistic models during sensorimotor learning.
  7. ncbi Learning the value of information in an uncertain world
    Timothy E J Behrens
    FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Nat Neurosci 10:1214-21. 2007
    ..Furthermore, variations in this ACC signal across the population predict variations in subject learning rates...
  8. ncbi By carrot or by stick: cognitive reinforcement learning in parkinsonism
    Michael J Frank
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Science 306:1940-3. 2004
    ..versus negative outcomes of our decisions? The neuromodulator dopamine plays a key role in these reinforcement learning processes...
  9. pmc Exercise enhances learning and hippocampal neurogenesis in aged mice
    Henriette van Praag
    Laboratory of Genetics, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Neurosci 25:8680-5. 2005
    ..In young animals, exercise increases hippocampal neurogenesis and improves learning. We investigated whether voluntary wheel running would benefit mice that were sedentary until 19 months of age...
  10. ncbi Neurocognitive mechanisms of cognitive control: the role of prefrontal cortex in action selection, response inhibition, performance monitoring, and reward-based learning
    K Richard Ridderinkhof
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Brain Cogn 56:129-40. 2004
    ..goal-directed action selection, response activation and inhibition, performance monitoring, and reward-based learning. Medial frontal cortex is found to be involved in performance monitoring: evaluating outcome vis-a-vis expectancy,..
  11. ncbi Dopamine, learning and motivation
    Roy A Wise
    Behavioral Neuroscience Branch, Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 5:483-94. 2004
  12. ncbi Temporal difference models and reward-related learning in the human brain
    JOHN P O'DOHERTY
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, WC1N 3BG, London, United Kingdom
    Neuron 38:329-37. 2003
    Temporal difference learning has been proposed as a model for Pavlovian conditioning, in which an animal learns to predict delivery of reward following presentation of a conditioned stimulus (CS)...
  13. ncbi Dissociable roles of ventral and dorsal striatum in instrumental conditioning
    John O'Doherty
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Science 304:452-4. 2004
    ..According to recent reinforcement learning models, two distinct components are involved: a "critic," which learns to predict future reward, and an "actor," ..
  14. ncbi Sleep function and synaptic homeostasis
    Giulio Tononi
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, 6001 Research Park Blvd, Madison, WI 53719, USA
    Sleep Med Rev 10:49-62. 2006
    ..baseline level that is energetically sustainable, makes efficient use of gray matter space, and is beneficial for learning and memory...
  15. ncbi The architecture of cognitive control in the human prefrontal cortex
    Etienne Koechlin
    Institut National de la Sante et de Recherche Medicale, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 9, quai St Bernard, 75005 Paris, France
    Science 302:1181-5. 2003
    ..The results support an unified modular model of cognitive control that describes the overall functional organization of the human lateral PFC and has basic methodological and theoretical implications...
  16. pmc Neuroplasticity subserving motor skill learning
    Eran Dayan
    Human Cortical Physiology and Stroke Neurorehabilitation Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1428, USA
    Neuron 72:443-54. 2011
    Recent years have seen significant progress in our understanding of the neural substrates of motor skill learning. Advances in neuroimaging provide new insight into functional reorganization associated with the acquisition, consolidation, ..
  17. ncbi Fears, phobias, and preparedness: toward an evolved module of fear and fear learning
    A Ohman
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Psychol Rev 108:483-522. 2001
    An evolved module for fear elicitation and fear learning with 4 characteristics is proposed. (a) The fear module is preferentially activated in aversive contexts by stimuli that are fear relevant in an evolutionary perspective...
  18. doi A framework for studying the neurobiology of value-based decision making
    Antonio Rangel
    Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences HSS and Computational and Neural Systems Program, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 9:545-56. 2008
    ....
  19. pmc The role of acetylcholine in learning and memory
    Michael E Hasselmo
    Center for Memory and Brain, Boston University, 2 Cummington Street, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 16:710-5. 2006
    ..These effects might enhance different types of encoding in different cortical structures. In particular, the effects in entorhinal and perirhinal cortex and hippocampus might be important for encoding new episodic memories...
  20. ncbi Emergence of simple-cell receptive field properties by learning a sparse code for natural images
    B A Olshausen
    Department of Psychology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Nature 381:607-9. 1996
    ..Along these lines, a number of studies have attempted to train unsupervised learning algorithms on natural images in the hope of developing receptive fields with similar properties, but none has ..
  21. ncbi The faculty of language: what is it, who has it, and how did it evolve?
    Marc D Hauser
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 298:1569-79. 2002
    ....
  22. ncbi Birdsong and human speech: common themes and mechanisms
    A J Doupe
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California at San Francisco 94143, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 22:567-631. 1999
    ..Innate predispositions for perceiving and learning the correct sounds exist in both groups, although more evidence of innate descriptions of species-specific ..
  23. ncbi What is the role of dopamine in reward: hedonic impact, reward learning, or incentive salience?
    K C Berridge
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1109
    Brain Res Brain Res Rev 28:309-69. 1998
    ..systems play in reward? Do they mediate the hedonic impact of rewarding stimuli? Do they mediate hedonic reward learning and associative prediction? Our review of the literature, together with results of a new study of residual reward ..
  24. ncbi Reward representations and reward-related learning in the human brain: insights from neuroimaging
    JOHN P O'DOHERTY
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 14:769-76. 2004
    ..Such representations can be used to guide action selection for reward, a process that depends, at least in part, on orbital and medial prefrontal cortex as well as dorsal striatum...
  25. ncbi Computational principles of movement neuroscience
    D M Wolpert
    Sobell Department of Neurophysiology, Institute of Neurology, University College London, UK
    Nat Neurosci 3:1212-7. 2000
    ..these principles and show how they apply to processes such as motor planning, control, estimation, prediction and learning. Our goal is to demonstrate how specific models emerging from the computational approach provide a theoretical ..
  26. ncbi Dentate gyrus NMDA receptors mediate rapid pattern separation in the hippocampal network
    Thomas J McHugh
    Picower Institute for Learning and Memory, RIKEN MIT Neuroscience Research Center, Department of Biology and Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Science 317:94-9. 2007
    ..These results provide evidence that NMDA receptors in the granule cells of the dentate gyrus play a crucial role in the process of pattern separation...
  27. ncbi Temporal prediction errors in a passive learning task activate human striatum
    Samuel M McClure
    Human Neuroimaging Lab, Center for Theoretical Neuroscience, Division of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Neuron 38:339-46. 2003
    ....
  28. doi Multiple dynamic representations in the motor cortex during sensorimotor learning
    D Huber
    Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 19700 Helix Drive, Ashburn, Virginia 20147, USA
    Nature 484:473-8. 2012
    The mechanisms linking sensation and action during learning are poorly understood...
  29. pmc Associative learning of social value
    Timothy E J Behrens
    FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Nature 456:245-9. 2008
    ..Social learning is widely held to be distinct from other forms of learning in its mechanism and neural implementation; it is ..
  30. ncbi Local sleep and learning
    Reto Huber
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53719, USA
    Nature 430:78-81. 2004
    ..Here we show that sleep homeostasis indeed has a local component, which can be triggered by a learning task involving specific brain regions...
  31. doi Learning at any rate: action-effect learning for stimulus-based actions
    Roland Pfister
    Department of Psychology, University of Wurzburg, Rontgenring 11, 97070, Wurzburg, Germany
    Psychol Res 75:61-5. 2011
    ..In combination with prior findings, this consistency effect suggests that usage, but not acquisition of action-effect associations depends on an intention-based action control mode...
  32. ncbi Discrete coding of reward probability and uncertainty by dopamine neurons
    Christopher D Fiorillo
    Institute of Physiology, University of Fribourg, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Science 299:1898-902. 2003
    ..The coding of uncertainty suggests a possible role for dopamine signals in attention-based learning and risk-taking behavior.
  33. doi Transfer of learning after updating training mediated by the striatum
    Erika Dahlin
    Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Umea University, 90187 Umea, Sweden
    Science 320:1510-2. 2008
    ..These findings indicate that transfer can occur if the criterion and transfer tasks engage specific overlapping processing components and brain regions...
  34. ncbi Practice with sleep makes perfect: sleep-dependent motor skill learning
    Matthew P Walker
    Laboratory of Neurophysiology, Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, 74 Fenwood Road, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Neuron 35:205-11. 2002
    ..This finding of sleep-dependent motor skill improvement may have important implications for the efficient learning of all skilled actions in humans.
  35. doi Distributed synergistic plasticity and cerebellar learning
    Zhenyu Gao
    Department of Neuroscience, Erasmus Medical Center, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Nat Rev Neurosci 13:619-35. 2012
    Studies on synaptic plasticity in the context of learning have been dominated by the view that a single, particular type of plasticity forms the underlying mechanism for a particular type of learning...
  36. ncbi Social learning strategies
    Kevin N Laland
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland
    Learn Behav 32:4-14. 2004
    In most studies of social learning in animals, no attempt has been made to examine the nature of the strategy adopted by animals when they copy others...
  37. pmc States versus rewards: dissociable neural prediction error signals underlying model-based and model-free reinforcement learning
    Jan Gläscher
    Division of Humanities and Social Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91101, USA
    Neuron 66:585-95. 2010
    Reinforcement learning (RL) uses sequential experience with situations ("states") and outcomes to assess actions...
  38. ncbi Contextual cueing: implicit learning and memory of visual context guides spatial attention
    M M Chun
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Cogn Psychol 36:28-71. 1998
    ..The results show how implicit learning and memory of visual context can guide spatial attention towards task-relevant aspects of a scene.
  39. doi MicroRNA loss enhances learning and memory in mice
    Witold Konopka
    Molecular Biology of the Cell I, German Cancer Research Center, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    J Neurosci 30:14835-42. 2010
    ..The presented work shows miRNAs as key players in the learning and memory process of mammals.
  40. doi Habits, rituals, and the evaluative brain
    Ann M Graybiel
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Science and the McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 31:359-87. 2008
    ..A broad spectrum of behavioral routines and rituals can become habitual and stereotyped through learning. Others have a strong innate basis...
  41. pmc Dissociating the roles of the cerebellum and motor cortex during adaptive learning: the motor cortex retains what the cerebellum learns
    Joseph M Galea
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins Medical Institution, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
    Cereb Cortex 21:1761-70. 2011
    Adaptation to a novel visuomotor transformation has revealed important principles regarding learning and memory...
  42. pmc The primate amygdala represents the positive and negative value of visual stimuli during learning
    Joseph J Paton
    Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 87, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Nature 439:865-70. 2006
    ..positive or negative value through their association with rewards and punishments, a process called reinforcement learning. Although we now know a great deal about how the brain analyses visual information, we know little about how ..
  43. ncbi Anterior prefrontal function and the limits of human decision-making
    Etienne Koechlin
    Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Departement d Etudes Cognitives, Ecole Normale Superieure, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 9, quai Saint Bernard, 75005 Paris, France
    Science 318:594-8. 2007
    ....
  44. ncbi Effect anticipation and action control
    B Elsner
    Department of Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Psychological Research, Munich, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 27:229-40. 2001
    ..These processes may be basic for the control of voluntary action by the anticipation of action goals...
  45. ncbi Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor is involved in learning and neuroprotection
    Matthew J During
    Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 86716, New Zealand
    Nat Med 9:1173-9. 2003
    ..HSEGTFTSD; homologous to a conserved domain in the glucagon/GLP-1 family) enhance associative and spatial learning through GLP-1R. [Ser(2)]exendin(1-9), but not GLP-1, is also active when administered peripherally...
  46. doi Twitter evolution: converging mechanisms in birdsong and human speech
    Johan J Bolhuis
    Behavioural Biology, Department of Biology and Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:747-59. 2010
    Vocal imitation in human infants and in some orders of birds relies on auditory-guided motor learning during a sensitive period of development...
  47. doi Immune modulation of learning, memory, neural plasticity and neurogenesis
    Raz Yirmiya
    Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
    Brain Behav Immun 25:181-213. 2011
    Over the past two decades it became evident that the immune system plays a central role in modulating learning, memory and neural plasticity...
  48. pmc Molecular mechanisms of fear learning and memory
    Joshua P Johansen
    Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Cell 147:509-24. 2011
    Pavlovian fear conditioning is a particularly useful behavioral paradigm for exploring the molecular mechanisms of learning and memory because a well-defined response to a specific environmental stimulus is produced through associative ..
  49. pmc Disentangling pleasure from incentive salience and learning signals in brain reward circuitry
    Kyle S Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:E255-64. 2011
    ..reward are distinctly modulated and tracked in this circuit separately from signals for Pavlovian predictions (learning). Animals first learned to associate a fixed sequence of Pavlovian cues with sucrose reward...
  50. pmc Social and monetary reward learning engage overlapping neural substrates
    Alice Lin
    California Institute of Technology, Computations and Neural Systems, MC 136 93 Pasadena, CA 91125 7700, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 7:274-81. 2012
    b>Learning to make choices that yield rewarding outcomes requires the computation of three distinct signals: stimulus values that are used to guide choices at the time of decision making, experienced utility signals that are used to ..
  51. ncbi Distinct contribution of the cortico-striatal and cortico-cerebellar systems to motor skill learning
    Julien Doyon
    Department of Psychology, University of Montreal, PO Box 6128, Downtown Station, Montreal, Que, Canada H3C3J7
    Neuropsychologia 41:252-62. 2003
    ..in healthy human subjects that examined the functional neuroanatomy and cerebral plasticity associated with the learning, consolidation and retention phases of motor skilled behaviors using modern brain imaging techniques...
  52. doi How learning to read changes the cortical networks for vision and language
    Stanislas Dehaene
    INSERM, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif sur Yvette 91191, France
    Science 330:1359-64. 2010
    ..Most changes occurred even when literacy was acquired in adulthood, emphasizing that both childhood and adult education can profoundly refine cortical organization...
  53. ncbi Parsing reward
    Kent C Berridge
    Department of Psychology, Biopsychology Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1109, USA
    Trends Neurosci 26:507-13. 2003
    ..advances will require equal sophistication in parsing reward into its specific psychological components: (1) learning (including explicit and implicit knowledge produced by associative conditioning and cognitive processes); (2) ..
  54. ncbi Reward expectation, orientation of attention and locus coeruleus-medial frontal cortex interplay during learning
    Sebastien Bouret
    Neuromodulation et Processus Mnésiques, CNRS UMR 7102, Universite Pierre and Marie Curie, 9 Quai St Bernard, 75005 Paris, France
    Eur J Neurosci 20:791-802. 2004
    ..It is crucial to the understanding of learning-related plasticity, that the cognitive context driving LC neurons be determined and the relation to activity in ..
  55. pmc Dissecting components of reward: 'liking', 'wanting', and learning
    Kent C Berridge
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48109 1043, USA
    Curr Opin Pharmacol 9:65-73. 2009
    ..dissociable psychological components of reward: 'liking' (hedonic impact), 'wanting' (incentive salience), and learning (predictive associations and cognitions)...
  56. pmc Learning sculpts the spontaneous activity of the resting human brain
    Christopher M Lewis
    Department of Clinical Sciences and Bioimaging, G D Annunzio University, Via dei Vestini 33, 66100, Chieti, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:17558-63. 2009
    ..Here, we demonstrate that visual perceptual learning, an example of adult neural plasticity, modifies the resting covariance structure of spontaneous activity between ..
  57. doi Social learning promotes institutions for governing the commons
    Karl Sigmund
    Faculty of Mathematics, University of Vienna, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Nature 466:861-3. 2010
    ..It is not clear how punishers can invade a society of defectors by social learning or natural selection, or how second-order free-riders (who contribute to the joint effort but not to the ..
  58. ncbi Recovery of learning and memory is associated with chromatin remodelling
    Andre Fischer
    Picower Institute for Learning and Memory, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA
    Nature 447:178-82. 2007
    Neurodegenerative diseases of the central nervous system are often associated with impaired learning and memory, eventually leading to dementia...
  59. ncbi Learning under stress: how does it work?
    Marian Joels
    SILS CNS, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:152-8. 2006
    The effects of stress on learning and memory are not always clear: both facilitating and impairing influences are described in the literature...
  60. pmc Direct current stimulation promotes BDNF-dependent synaptic plasticity: potential implications for motor learning
    Brita Fritsch
    Epilepsy Research Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Neuron 66:198-204. 2010
    ..Anodal tDCS applied to the human motor cortex (M1) improves motor skill learning. Here, we demonstrate in mouse M1 slices that DCS induces a long-lasting synaptic potentiation (DCS-LTP), which ..
  61. doi Requirement of adult-born neurons for hippocampus-dependent learning
    Antonia Marin-Burgin
    Laboratory of Neuronal Plasticity, Leloir Institute CONICET, Av Patricias Argentinas 435, 1405 Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Behav Brain Res 227:391-9. 2012
    ..While several contradictory findings emerge when analyzing the literature, evidence in favor of a relevant role of adult-born neurons in hippocampal function is compelling...
  62. pmc Reversal of learning deficits in a Tsc2+/- mouse model of tuberous sclerosis
    Dan Ehninger
    Department of Neurobiology, Brain Research Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, 695 Charles E Young Drive South, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Nat Med 14:843-8. 2008
    ..we report that mice with a heterozygous, inactivating mutation in the Tsc2 gene (Tsc2(+/-) mice) show deficits in learning and memory...
  63. ncbi Modeling hippocampal and neocortical contributions to recognition memory: a complementary-learning-systems approach
    Kenneth A Norman
    University of Colorado at Boulder, Department of Psychology, Boulder, CO, USA
    Psychol Rev 110:611-46. 2003
    ..They also use the model to address the stochastic relationship between recall and familiarity and the effects of partial versus complete hippocampal lesions on recognition...
  64. ncbi The mirror-neuron system
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Sezione di Fisiologia, Via Volturno, 3, Universita di Parma 43100, Parma, Italy
    Annu Rev Neurosci 27:169-92. 2004
    ..In the case of humans, there is another faculty that depends on the observation of others' actions: imitation learning. Unlike most species, we are able to learn by imitation, and this faculty is at the basis of human culture...
  65. pmc Start/stop signals emerge in nigrostriatal circuits during sequence learning
    Xin Jin
    Laboratory for Integrative Neuroscience, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, 5625 Fishers Lane, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 9412, USA
    Nature 466:457-62. 2010
    b>Learning new action sequences subserves a plethora of different abilities such as escaping a predator, playing the piano, or producing fluent speech...
  66. ncbi Motor learning: its relevance to stroke recovery and neurorehabilitation
    John W Krakauer
    Stroke and Critical Care Division, Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York NY, USA
    Curr Opin Neurol 19:84-90. 2006
    ..This review will focus on arm movements and address the following questions: (i) What is motor learning? (ii) Do patients with hemiparesis have a learning deficit? (iii) Is recovery after injury a form of motor ..
  67. pmc Interacting adaptive processes with different timescales underlie short-term motor learning
    Maurice A Smith
    Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Biol 4:e179. 2006
    ..This two-state learning system makes the surprising prediction of spontaneous recovery (or adaptation rebound) if error feedback is ..
  68. pmc The neurobiology of decision: consensus and controversy
    Joseph W Kable
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Neuron 63:733-45. 2009
    ..Neurobiological studies of decision making are beginning to enhance our understanding of economic and social behavior as well as our understanding of significant health disorders where people's behavior plays a key role...
  69. ncbi Opponent interactions between serotonin and dopamine
    Nathaniel D Daw
    Computer Science Department and Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh PA 15213 3891, USA
    Neural Netw 15:603-16. 2002
    ..In the light of the temporal difference model of the involvement of the dopamine system in reward learning, we consider three aspects of motivational opponency involving dopamine and serotonin...
  70. pmc The orbitofrontal cortex and ventral tegmental area are necessary for learning from unexpected outcomes
    Yuji K Takahashi
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 20 Penn Street, HSF 2 S251, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Neuron 62:269-80. 2009
    ..Yet these tasks confound using information about expected outcomes with learning when those expectations are violated...
  71. ncbi Dopamine responses comply with basic assumptions of formal learning theory
    P Waelti
    Institute of Physiology and Programme in Neuroscience, University of Fribourg, CH-1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Nature 412:43-8. 2001
    According to contemporary learning theories, the discrepancy, or error, between the actual and predicted reward determines whether learning occurs when a stimulus is paired with a reward...
  72. ncbi Brain states: top-down influences in sensory processing
    Charles D Gilbert
    The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Neuron 54:677-96. 2007
    ..In perceptual learning, both the encoding and recall of learned information involves a selection of the appropriate inputs that convey ..
  73. doi Oscillations, phase-of-firing coding, and spike timing-dependent plasticity: an efficient learning scheme
    Timothée Masquelier
    Center for Brain and Cognition, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
    J Neurosci 29:13484-93. 2009
    ..Here we show that PoFC has a major impact on downstream learning and decoding with the now well established spike timing-dependent plasticity (STDP)...
  74. ncbi Error-related negativity predicts reinforcement learning and conflict biases
    Michael J Frank
    Department of Pschology and Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Neuron 47:495-501. 2005
    ..Our computational model further predicts that larger ERNs should be associated with better learning to avoid maladaptive responses...
  75. ncbi Object perception as Bayesian inference
    Daniel Kersten
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 55:271-304. 2004
    ..Recent work in Bayesian theories of visual perception has shown how complexity may be managed and ambiguity resolved through the task-dependent, probabilistic integration of prior object knowledge with image features...
  76. pmc Reverse hierarchies and sensory learning
    Merav Ahissar
    The Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:285-99. 2009
    Revealing the relationships between perceptual representations in the brain and mechanisms of adult perceptual learning is of great importance, potentially leading to significantly improved training techniques both for improving skills in ..
  77. pmc Adult-born hippocampal dentate granule cells undergoing maturation modulate learning and memory in the brain
    Wei Deng
    Laboratory of Genetics, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    J Neurosci 29:13532-42. 2009
    Adult-born dentate granule cells (DGCs) contribute to learning and memory, yet it remains unknown when adult-born DGCs become involved in the cognitive processes...
  78. ncbi Modifiability of generalization in dynamics learning
    Andrew A G Mattar
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 98:3321-9. 2007
    Studies on plasticity in motor function have shown that motor learning generalizes, such that movements in novel situations are affected by previous training...
  79. ncbi Facilitation of implicit motor learning by weak transcranial direct current stimulation of the primary motor cortex in the human
    Michael A Nitsche
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:619-26. 2003
    ..Cortical excitability changes accompany motor learning. Here we show that weak direct currents are capable of improving implicit motor learning in the human...
  80. pmc Losing access to the native language while immersed in a second language: evidence for the role of inhibition in second-language learning
    Jared A Linck
    Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, USA
    Psychol Sci 20:1507-15. 2009
    ..In this study, we investigated the effects of immersion learning for a group of university students studying abroad in Spain...
  81. pmc Dissociating the contributions of independent corticostriatal systems to visual categorization learning through the use of reinforcement learning modeling and Granger causality modeling
    Carol A Seger
    Department of Psychology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
    Neuroimage 50:644-56. 2010
    We dissociated the contributions to learning of four corticostriatal "loops" (interacting striatal and cortical regions): motor (putamen and motor cortex), visual (posterior caudate and visual cortex), executive (anterior caudate and ..
  82. pmc Synaptic computation underlying probabilistic inference
    Alireza Soltani
    Department of Neurobiology and Kavli Institute of Neuroscience, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Nat Neurosci 13:112-9. 2010
    ....
  83. pmc Learning, AMPA receptor mobility and synaptic plasticity depend on n-cofilin-mediated actin dynamics
    Marco B Rust
    Mouse Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Monterotondo, Italy
    EMBO J 29:1889-902. 2010
    Neuronal plasticity is an important process for learning, memory and complex behaviour. Rapid remodelling of the actin cytoskeleton in the postsynaptic compartment is thought to have an important function for synaptic plasticity...
  84. pmc Neurogenetics and pharmacology of learning, motivation, and cognition
    Michael J Frank
    Department of Cognitive, Linguistic and Psychological Sciences, Brown Institute for Brain Science, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912 1978, USA
    Neuropsychopharmacology 36:133-52. 2011
    Many of the individual differences in cognition, motivation, and learning-and the disruption of these processes in neurological conditions-are influenced by genetic factors...
  85. pmc Neurotransmitter roles in synaptic modulation, plasticity and learning in the dorsal striatum
    David M Lovinger
    Laboratory for Integrative Neuroscience, NIAAA NIH, 5625 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Neuropharmacology 58:951-61. 2010
    The dorsal striatum is a large forebrain region involved in action initiation, timing, control, learning and memory...
  86. pmc Statistically optimal perception and learning: from behavior to neural representations
    Jozsef Fiser
    National Volen Center for Complex Systems, Brandeis University, Volen 208 MS 013, Waltham, MA 02454, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:119-30. 2010
    ..In this review, we argue that learning an internal model of the sensory environment is another key aspect of the same statistical inference procedure ..
  87. pmc Spatial learning sculpts the dendritic arbor of adult-born hippocampal neurons
    Sophie Tronel
    Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Unite 862, Neurocentre Magendie, Neurogenesis and Pathophysiology Group, 33077 Bordeaux, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:7963-8. 2010
    ..The fate of these adult newborn neurons depends on life experiences. In particular, spatial learning promotes the survival and death of new neurons...
  88. pmc Sensitivity of the action observation network to physical and observational learning
    Emily S Cross
    Department of Psychology, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
    Cereb Cortex 19:315-26. 2009
    ..The current study tested if physical rehearsal and observational learning share common neural substrates within an action observation network (AON) including premotor and inferior ..
  89. ncbi The computational neurobiology of learning and reward
    Nathaniel D Daw
    Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, UCL, Alexandra House, 17 Queen Square, London, WC1N 3AR, UK
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 16:199-204. 2006
    ..neurons encode a signal, known as a 'reward prediction error', used by artificial intelligence algorithms for learning to choose advantageous actions, the study of the neural substrates for reward-based learning has been strongly ..
  90. doi Learning-related plasticity of temporal coding in simultaneously recorded amygdala-cortical ensembles
    Stephen E Grossman
    Volen National Center for Complex Systems, Department of Psychology, and Program in Neuroscience, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts 02454, USA
    J Neurosci 28:2864-73. 2008
    Emotional learning requires the coordinated action of neural populations in limbic and cortical networks...
  91. ncbi Exercise, but not environmental enrichment, improves learning after kainic acid-induced hippocampal neurodegeneration in association with an increase in brain-derived neurotrophic factor
    O L Gobbo
    Department of Psychology and Trinity College Institute of Neuroscience, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland
    Behav Brain Res 159:21-6. 2005
    ....
  92. ncbi Learned predictions of error likelihood in the anterior cingulate cortex
    Joshua W Brown
    Department of Psychology, CB 1125, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Science 307:1118-21. 2005
    ..These results support a more general error-likelihood theory of ACC function based on reinforcement learning, of which conflict and error detection are special cases.
  93. ncbi Reinforcement learning signals predict future decisions
    Michael X Cohen
    Department of Epileptology and Center for Mind and Brain, University of Bonn, 53105 Bonn, Germany
    J Neurosci 27:371-8. 2007
    ..In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that this flexibility emerges through a reinforcement learning process, in which reward prediction errors are used dynamically to adjust representations of decision options...
  94. pmc Learned birdsong and the neurobiology of human language
    Erich D Jarvis
    Department of Neurology, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3209, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1016:749-77. 2004
    Vocal learning, the substrate for human language, is a rare trait found to date in only three distantly related groups of mammals (humans, bats, and cetaceans) and three distantly related groups of birds (parrots, hummingbirds, and ..
  95. pmc Neural signature of fictive learning signals in a sequential investment task
    Terry Lohrenz
    Department of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:9493-8. 2007
    Reinforcement learning models now provide principled guides for a wide range of reward learning experiments in animals and humans...
  96. ncbi Neural circuits underlying imitation learning of hand actions: an event-related fMRI study
    Giovanni Buccino
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Parma 43100, Italy
    Neuron 42:323-34. 2004
    The neural bases of imitation learning are virtually unknown. In the present study, we addressed this issue using an event-related fMRI paradigm...
  97. ncbi Practice as an intervention to improve speeded motor performance and motor learning in Parkinson's disease
    A L Behrman
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610 0154, USA
    J Neurol Sci 174:127-36. 2000
    ..Finding a learning effect for persons with Parkinson's disease supports practice as an effective rehabilitation strategy to improve ..
  98. ncbi A cellular mechanism of reward-related learning
    J N Reynolds
    The Neuroscience Research Centre, University of Otago, School of Medical Sciences, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Nature 413:67-70. 2001
    ..We used intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) as a model of reinforcement learning, in which each rat learns to press a lever that applies reinforcing electrical stimulation to its own substantia ..
  99. ncbi Differential corticostriatal plasticity during fast and slow motor skill learning in mice
    Rui M Costa
    Department of Neurobiology, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3209, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Curr Biol 14:1124-34. 2004
    Motor skill learning usually comprises "fast" improvement in performance within the initial training session and "slow" improvement that develops across sessions...
  100. ncbi Dopamine cells respond to predicted events during classical conditioning: evidence for eligibility traces in the reward-learning network
    Wei Xing Pan
    Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin 9001, New Zealand
    J Neurosci 25:6235-42. 2005
    ..replicated by a TD model with long-lasting eligibility traces (nonzero values for the parameter lambda) and low learning rate (alpha)...
  101. ncbi Perceptual learning
    R L Goldstone
    Indiana University, Bloomington 47405, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 49:585-612. 1998
    Perceptual learning involves relatively long-lasting changes to an organism's perceptual system that improve its ability to respond to its environment...

Research Grants242 found, 100 shown here

  1. Evaluating Alternative Retinopathy Screening Approaches
    CHARLES BASCH; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These interventions are practical, have potential for widespread dissemination, and can translate basic and clinical research to achieve public health benefits. ..
  2. TAILORED COMMUNICATIONS FOR COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING
    CHARLES BASCH; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This proposal addresses the need for research assessing tailored communications to increase CRC screening in minority groups. ..
  3. Contextual cueing and implicit learning
    Yuhong Jiang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    This proposal investigates a powerful form of implicit visual learning - contextual cueing (Chun & Jiang, 1998). Contextual cueing reflects the influence of attention by implicitly-learned visual context...
  4. Contextual cueing and implicit learning
    Yuhong Jiang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    This proposal investigates a powerful form of implicit visual learning - contextual cueing (Chun & Jiang, 1998). Contextual cueing reflects the influence of attention by implicitly-learned visual context...
  5. The Role of Gesture in Learning
    Susan Goldin Meadow; Fiscal Year: 2007
    The gestures that children produce when they talk are clearly associated with learning. At a minimum, they serve as an index of the child's readiness-to-learn...
  6. Spontaneous Sign Systems in Four Cultures
    Susan Goldin Meadow; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..asking which aspects of language development are so over-determined that they will appear even under learning conditions that vary widely from the norm...
  7. SPONTANEOUS SIGN SYSTEMS IN CHILDREN
    Susan Goldin Meadow; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..a research plan to identify the properties of language whose development can withstand wide variations in learning conditions -- the "resilient" properties of language...
  8. Spontaneous Sign Systems in Five Cultures
    Susan Goldin Meadow; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..asking which aspects of language development are so over-determined that they will appear even under learning conditions that vary widely from the norm...
  9. SPONTANEOUS SIGN SYSTEM IN CHINESE AND AMERICAN CHILDREN
    Susan Goldin Meadow; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..asking which aspects of language development are so overdetermined in humans that they will appear even under learning conditions that vary widely from the typical...
  10. The Role of Gesture in Learning
    SUSAN J GOLDIN MEADOW; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..gesture does more than reflect thought--it plays a role in changing thought and, as a result, contributes to the learning process itself...
  11. Spontaneous Sign Systems in Five Cultures
    SUSAN J GOLDIN MEADOW; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..asking which aspects of language development are so over-determined that they will appear even under learning conditions that vary widely from the norm...
  12. Spontaneous Sign Systems in Five Cultures
    Susan Goldin Meadow; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..asking which aspects of language development are so over-determined that they will appear even under learning conditions that vary widely from the norm...
  13. SPONTANEOUS SIGN SYSTEMS IN CHINESE & AMERICAN CHILDREN
    Susan Goldin Meadow; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..a research plan to identify the properties of language whose development can withstand wide variations in learning conditions -- the "resilient" properties of language...
  14. Tests of neurobiologically-inspired Model of the Motivation-Learning Interface
    W Maddox; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our emphasis in on motivational influences on classification learning. Classification learning provides an ideal testbed for our studies because (a) much is known about the ..
  15. CHRONIC RECORDING TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMALL VERTEBRATES
    Daniel Margoliash; Fiscal Year: 1999
  16. The Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Category Learning
    F Ashby; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Human category learning is incredibly diverse, as are the categories that people must learn, and there is growing evidence that different ..
  17. The Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Category Learning
    F Ashby; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Recent evidence suggests that human category learning is mediated by multiple, qualitatively distinct learning systems, and much is now known about the neurobiology ..
  18. Characterizaton of Non-linear Auditory Receptive Fields
    Daniel Margoliash; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In the first experiment, the statistical methodologies will be developed for learning efficient basis sets for motif structure and for estimating feature-based receptive fields with hierarchical non-..
  19. NEUROPHYSIOLOGY OF SENSORIMOTOR LEARNING
    Daniel Margoliash; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..maintenance critically depend on auditory feedback, and the study of these gives insight into the mechanisms for learning in the context of complex sensorimotor behaviors...
  20. Temporal Patterns in Sleep Mechanisms of Learning
    Daniel Margoliash; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The fourth experiment will record directly from RA in juvenile birds learning to sing...
  21. Perceptual and Decisional Processes in Categorization
    W Maddox; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..my students and I made significant progress toward understanding the processes involved in decision criterion learning when base-rates and payoffs are manipulated, and toward understanding the complex interplay between several ..
  22. Characterizaton of Non-linear Auditory Receptive Fields
    Daniel Margoliash; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In the first experiment, the statistical methodologies will be developed for learning efficient basis sets for motif structure and for estimating feature-based receptive fields with hierarchical non-..
  23. Characterizaton of Non-linear Auditory Receptive Fields
    Daniel Margoliash; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In the first experiment, the statistical methodologies will be developed for learning efficient basis sets for motif structure and for estimating feature-based receptive fields with hierarchical non-..
  24. PERCEPTION & COGNITION IN CATEGORIZATION/IDENTIFICATION
    W Maddox; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The approach is to apply a series of quantitative models to the trial-by-trial learning data and to measures of asymptotic performance...
  25. NEUROPHYSIOLOGY OF SENSORIMOTOR LEARNING
    Daniel Margoliash; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..maintenance critically depend on auditory feedback, and the study of these gives insight into the mechanisms for learning in the context of complex sensorimotor behaviors...
  26. The Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Category Learning
    F Ashby; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Recent evidence suggests that human category learning is mediated by multiple, qualitatively distinct learning systems, and much is now known about the neurobiology ..
  27. Tests of neurobiologically-inspired Model of the Motivation-Learning Interface
    W TODD TODD MADDOX; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our emphasis in on motivational influences on classification learning. Classification learning provides an ideal testbed for our studies because (a) much is known about the ..
  28. Attention and Adult Emotion Regulation
    Derek Isaacowitz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This work has clear implications not just for understanding socioemotional development in adulthood and old age, but also for clarifying causal links between cognition, ability to regulate emotions, and health-related outcomes. ..
  29. Cognitive Processing System Components Share Resources
    KATHERINE RAWSON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Subsequent research will adapt this experimental approach to evaluate other core assumptions of the theory. Findings from this programmatic research will have important theoretical and applied implications. ..
  30. Cross-Situational statistical word learning:behaviors, mechanisms and constraints
    Chen Yu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    There are an infinite number of possible word-to-world pairings in naturalistic learning environments. Previous studies to solve this mapping problem focus on linguistic, social, and representational constraints at a single moment...
  31. Neural mechanisms underlying vocal learning in the songbird
    Bence P Olveczky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..in a motor cortex analogue structure (nucleus RA) in the freely behaving, juvenile zebra finch throughout song learning (Aim 1)...
  32. CHILDREN'S REASONING ABOUT NATURAL AND INTENTIONAL CAUSE
    CHARLES KALISH; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..strategies really are part of common sense then they are part of the background knowledge that children bring to learning environments...
  33. Attention and Adult Emotion Regulation
    Derek M Isaacowitz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Neural Coding and Perception of Learned Vocalizations
    SARAH M WOOLLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Vocal communication is important for human learning and social interaction. Speech perception impairments are features of neurological disorders such as auditory processing disorder (APD) and autism...