cognition

Summary

Summary: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism becomes aware of or obtains knowledge.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A default mode of brain function: a brief history of an evolving idea
    Marcus E Raichle
    Department of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Neuroimage 37:1083-90; discussion 1097-9. 2007
  2. pmc Functional connectivity in the resting brain: a network analysis of the default mode hypothesis
    Michael D Greicius
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA 94305 5719, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:253-8. 2003
  3. ncbi Conflict monitoring and cognitive control
    M M Botvinick
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pennsylvania, USA
    Psychol Rev 108:624-52. 2001
  4. ncbi An integrative theory of prefrontal cortex function
    E K Miller
    Center for Learning and Memory, RIKEN MIT Neuroscience Research Center and Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 24:167-202. 2001
  5. ncbi The role of the medial frontal cortex in cognitive control
    K Richard Ridderinkhof
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Science 306:443-7. 2004
  6. ncbi The unity and diversity of executive functions and their contributions to complex "Frontal Lobe" tasks: a latent variable analysis
    A Miyake
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado at Boulder, 80309-0345, USA
    Cogn Psychol 41:49-100. 2000
  7. ncbi Conflict monitoring and anterior cingulate cortex: an update
    Matthew M Botvinick
    University of Pennsylvania, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, 3720 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 10104 6241, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:539-46. 2004
  8. ncbi Fitness effects on the cognitive function of older adults: a meta-analytic study
    Stanley Colcombe
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana, 61801, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:125-30. 2003
  9. ncbi Anterior cingulate conflict monitoring and adjustments in control
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Science 303:1023-6. 2004
  10. ncbi Perceptual symbol systems
    L W Barsalou
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 22:577-609; discussion 610-60. 1999

Detail Information

Publications327 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A default mode of brain function: a brief history of an evolving idea
    Marcus E Raichle
    Department of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Neuroimage 37:1083-90; discussion 1097-9. 2007
    ..Most critically, this work has called attention to the importance of intrinsic functional activity in assessing brain behavior relationships...
  2. pmc Functional connectivity in the resting brain: a network analysis of the default mode hypothesis
    Michael D Greicius
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA 94305 5719, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:253-8. 2003
    ..Our findings also provide insight into how this network is modulated by task demands and what functions it might subserve...
  3. ncbi Conflict monitoring and cognitive control
    M M Botvinick
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pennsylvania, USA
    Psychol Rev 108:624-52. 2001
    ..The second study implements a feedback loop connecting conflict monitoring to cognitive control, using this to simulate a number of important behavioral phenomena...
  4. ncbi An integrative theory of prefrontal cortex function
    E K Miller
    Center for Learning and Memory, RIKEN MIT Neuroscience Research Center and Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 24:167-202. 2001
    ..We review neurophysiological, neurobiological, neuroimaging, and computational studies that support this theory and discuss its implications as well as further issues to be addressed..
  5. ncbi The role of the medial frontal cortex in cognitive control
    K Richard Ridderinkhof
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Science 306:443-7. 2004
    ....
  6. ncbi The unity and diversity of executive functions and their contributions to complex "Frontal Lobe" tasks: a latent variable analysis
    A Miyake
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado at Boulder, 80309-0345, USA
    Cogn Psychol 41:49-100. 2000
    ..These results suggest that it is important to recognize both the unity and diversity of executive functions and that latent variable analysis is a useful approach to studying the organization and roles of executive functions...
  7. ncbi Conflict monitoring and anterior cingulate cortex: an update
    Matthew M Botvinick
    University of Pennsylvania, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, 3720 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 10104 6241, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:539-46. 2004
    ..Recent research has also begun to shed light on the larger function of the ACC, suggesting some new possibilities concerning how conflict monitoring might fit into the cingulate's overall role in cognition and action.
  8. ncbi Fitness effects on the cognitive function of older adults: a meta-analytic study
    Stanley Colcombe
    Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana, 61801, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:125-30. 2003
    ..Most important fitness training was found to have robust but selective benefits for cognition, with the largest fitness-induced benefits occurring for executive-control processes...
  9. ncbi Anterior cingulate conflict monitoring and adjustments in control
    John G Kerns
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Science 303:1023-6. 2004
    ....
  10. ncbi Perceptual symbol systems
    L W Barsalou
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 22:577-609; discussion 610-60. 1999
    ..Implications for cognition, neuroscience, evolution, development, and artificial intelligence are explored.
  11. ncbi Grounded cognition
    Lawrence W Barsalou
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 59:617-45. 2008
    Grounded cognition rejects traditional views that cognition is computation on amodal symbols in a modular system, independent of the brain's modal systems for perception, action, and introspection...
  12. pmc Cognitive reserve
    Yaakov Stern
    Cognitive Neuroscience Division of the Taub Institute, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, United States
    Neuropsychologia 47:2015-28. 2009
    ..It then focuses on methodologic issues that are important when attempting to elucidate the neural underpinnings of cognitive reserve using imaging studies, and reviews some of our group's work in order to demonstrate these issues...
  13. doi Large-scale brain networks in cognition: emerging methods and principles
    Steven L Bressler
    Center for Complex Systems and Brain Sciences, Department of Psychology, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:277-90. 2010
    An understanding of how the human brain produces cognition ultimately depends on knowledge of large-scale brain organization...
  14. pmc Neurophysiological and computational principles of cortical rhythms in cognition
    Xiao Jing Wang
    Department of Neurobiology and Kavli Institute of Neuroscience, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Physiol Rev 90:1195-268. 2010
    ..This review focuses on oscillations in the cerebral cortex that occur during cognition, in alert behaving conditions...
  15. doi Can social interaction constitute social cognition?
    Hanne De Jaegher
    Marie Curie Project DISCOS, Department of Psychiatry, University of Heidelberg, Vossstrasse 4, D 69115 Heidelberg, Germany
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:441-7. 2010
    An important shift is taking place in social cognition research, away from a focus on the individual mind and toward embodied and participatory aspects of social understanding...
  16. pmc Wandering minds: the default network and stimulus-independent thought
    Malia F Mason
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
    Science 315:393-5. 2007
    ..of human minds to wander, little is known about the neural operations that support this core component of human cognition. Using both thought sampling and brain imaging, the current investigation demonstrated that mind-wandering is ..
  17. ncbi A critical look at the embodied cognition hypothesis and a new proposal for grounding conceptual content
    Bradford Z Mahon
    Cognitive Neuropsychology Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    J Physiol Paris 102:59-70. 2008
    ..Such results have been interpreted as indicating that concepts, and important aspects of cognition more broadly, are embodied. That conclusion does not follow from the empirical evidence...
  18. ncbi Towards a cognitive neuroscience of consciousness: basic evidence and a workspace framework
    S Dehaene
    Unité INSERM 334, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DRM DSV, 4, place du General Leclerc, 91401 Cedex, Orsay, France
    Cognition 79:1-37. 2001
    ..Neurophysiological, anatomical, and brain-imaging data strongly argue for a major role of prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate, and the areas that connect to them, in creating the postulated brain-scale workspace...
  19. ncbi Anterior cingulate cortex, error detection, and the online monitoring of performance
    C S Carter
    Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, 3811 O Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Science 280:747-9. 1998
    ..This suggests that the ACC detects conditions under which errors are likely to occur rather than errors themselves...
  20. ncbi Neurocognitive mechanisms of cognitive control: the role of prefrontal cortex in action selection, response inhibition, performance monitoring, and reward-based learning
    K Richard Ridderinkhof
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Brain Cogn 56:129-40. 2004
    ..Lateral and orbitofrontal divisions of prefrontal cortex are involved in subsequently implementing appropriate adjustments...
  21. ncbi Valid conjunction inference with the minimum statistic
    Thomas Nichols
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Neuroimage 25:653-60. 2005
    ..This result holds even if the comparisons are not independent. We suggest that the revised test proposed here is the appropriate means for conjunction inference in neuroimaging...
  22. ncbi Uncertainty-based competition between prefrontal and dorsolateral striatal systems for behavioral control
    Nathaniel D Daw
    Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, University College London, Alexandra House, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Nat Neurosci 8:1704-11. 2005
    ..This provides a unifying account of a wealth of experimental evidence about the factors favoring dominance by either system...
  23. ncbi For better or for worse: neural systems supporting the cognitive down- and up-regulation of negative emotion
    Kevin N Ochsner
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, 369 Schermerhorn Hall, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Neuroimage 23:483-99. 2004
    ....
  24. ncbi The architecture of cognitive control in the human prefrontal cortex
    Etienne Koechlin
    Institut National de la Sante et de Recherche Medicale, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 9, quai St Bernard, 75005 Paris, France
    Science 302:1181-5. 2003
    ..The results support an unified modular model of cognitive control that describes the overall functional organization of the human lateral PFC and has basic methodological and theoretical implications...
  25. ncbi The neural basis of economic decision-making in the Ultimatum Game
    Alan G Sanfey
    Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Science 300:1755-8. 2003
    ..Unfair offers elicited activity in brain areas related to both emotion (anterior insula) and cognition (dorsolateral prefrontal cortex)...
  26. ncbi The processing-speed theory of adult age differences in cognition
    T A Salthouse
    Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta 30332 0170, USA
    Psychol Rev 103:403-28. 1996
    A theory is proposed to account for some of the age-related differences reported in measures of Type A or fluid cognition. The central hypothesis in the theory is that increased age in adulthood is associated with a decrease in the speed ..
  27. ncbi Neuroimaging studies of working memory: a meta-analysis
    Tor D Wager
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 3:255-74. 2003
    ..Finally, we consider a potential fourth executive function: selective attention to features of a stimulus to be stored in WM, which leads to increased probability of activating the medial prefrontal cortex (BA 32) in storage tasks...
  28. doi The structural basis of inter-individual differences in human behaviour and cognition
    Ryota Kanai
    The UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, Alexandra House, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 12:231-42. 2011
    ..We propose that inter-individual differences can be used as a source of information to link human behaviour and cognition to brain anatomy.
  29. pmc Putting brain training to the test
    Adrian M Owen
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Nature 465:775-8. 2010
    ..Although improvements were observed in every one of the cognitive tasks that were trained, no evidence was found for transfer effects to untrained tasks, even when those tasks were cognitively closely related...
  30. ncbi A unifying view of the basis of social cognition
    Vittorio Gallese
    Department of Neuroscience, Section of Physiology, University of Parma, Italy
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:396-403. 2004
    ..A similar mechanism, but involving the activation of viscero-motor centers, underlies the experiential understanding of the emotions of others...
  31. ncbi Joint action: bodies and minds moving together
    Natalie Sebanz
    Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Psychology Department, Smith Hall, 101 Warren Street, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:70-6. 2006
    ..Several mechanisms are proposed that allow individuals to share representations, to predict actions, and to integrate predicted effects of own and others' actions...
  32. pmc Relating introspective accuracy to individual differences in brain structure
    Stephen M Fleming
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Science 329:1541-3. 2010
    ..Our findings point to a focal neuroanatomical substrate for introspective ability, a substrate distinct from that supporting primary perception...
  33. ncbi Effect of physical activity on cognitive function in older adults at risk for Alzheimer disease: a randomized trial
    Nicola T Lautenschlager
    WA Centre for Health and Ageing, University of Western Australia, Melbourne, Australia
    JAMA 300:1027-37. 2008
    ..Many observational studies have shown that physical activity reduces the risk of cognitive decline; however, evidence from randomized trials is lacking...
  34. ncbi Can cognitive processes be inferred from neuroimaging data?
    Russell A Poldrack
    Department of Psychology and Brain Research Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:59-63. 2006
    There is much interest currently in using functional neuroimaging techniques to understand better the nature of cognition. One particular practice that has become common is 'reverse inference', by which the engagement of a particular ..
  35. pmc Gaze cueing of attention: visual attention, social cognition, and individual differences
    Alexandra Frischen
    Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Psychol Bull 133:694-724. 2007
    ..The contribution of this paradigm has been significant and will likely continue to advance knowledge across diverse fields within psychology and neuroscience...
  36. pmc Disruption of large-scale brain systems in advanced aging
    Jessica R Andrews-Hanna
    Department of Psychology, Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuron 56:924-35. 2007
    ..accompanied by disruptive alterations in the coordination of large-scale brain systems that support high-level cognition. In 93 adults aged 18 to 93, we demonstrate that aging is characterized by marked reductions in normally present ..
  37. ncbi Brain systems mediating cognitive interference by emotional distraction
    Florin Dolcos
    Brain Imaging and Analysis Center, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Neurosci 26:2072-9. 2006
    ....
  38. ncbi The principal features and mechanisms of dopamine modulation in the prefrontal cortex
    Jeremy K Seamans
    Department of Physiology, MUSC, 173 Ashley Avenue, Suite 403, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
    Prog Neurobiol 74:1-58. 2004
    ..Based on these factors, a theory is proposed for DA's action in PFC. This theory suggests that DA acts to expand or contract the breadth of information held in working memory buffers in PFC networks...
  39. ncbi Six views of embodied cognition
    Margaret Wilson
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 9:625-36. 2002
    The emerging viewpoint of embodied cognition holds that cognitive processes are deeply rooted in the body's interactions with the world...
  40. ncbi A cognitive training program based on principles of brain plasticity: results from the Improvement in Memory with Plasticity-based Adaptive Cognitive Training (IMPACT) study
    Glenn E Smith
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 57:594-603. 2009
    ..To investigate the efficacy of a novel brain plasticity-based computerized cognitive training program in older adults and to evaluate the effect on untrained measures of memory and attention and participant-reported outcomes...
  41. doi Changes in cortical dopamine D1 receptor binding associated with cognitive training
    Fiona McNab
    Neuropediatric Unit, Department of Woman and Child Health, Stockholm Brain Institute, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Science 323:800-2. 2009
    Working memory is a key function for human cognition, dependent on adequate dopamine neurotransmission...
  42. pmc Effects of cognitive training interventions with older adults: a randomized controlled trial
    Karlene Ball
    Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 2100, USA
    JAMA 288:2271-81. 2002
    ..However, few studies have addressed whether improving cognitive functions might have short- or long-term effects on activities related to living independently...
  43. ncbi Unraveling the attentional functions of cortical cholinergic inputs: interactions between signal-driven and cognitive modulation of signal detection
    Martin Sarter
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 525 E University Ave, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1109, USA
    Brain Res Brain Res Rev 48:98-111. 2005
    ....
  44. pmc Cardiovascular fitness, cortical plasticity, and aging
    Stanley J Colcombe
    The Beckman Institute, and Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:3316-21. 2004
    ..These data suggest that increased cardiovascular fitness can affect improvements in the plasticity of the aging human brain, and may serve to reduce both biological and cognitive senescence in humans...
  45. pmc A critical role for the right fronto-insular cortex in switching between central-executive and default-mode networks
    Devarajan Sridharan
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:12569-74. 2008
    ..Our findings have important implications for a unified view of network mechanisms underlying both exogenous and endogenous cognitive control...
  46. pmc Decoding the visual and subjective contents of the human brain
    Yukiyasu Kamitani
    ATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories, 2 2 2 Hikaridai, Keihanna Science City, Kyoto 619 0288, Japan
    Nat Neurosci 8:679-85. 2005
    ..Our approach provides a framework for the readout of fine-tuned representations in the human brain and their subjective contents...
  47. ncbi Understanding and sharing intentions: the origins of cultural cognition
    Michael Tomasello
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Behav Brain Sci 28:675-91; discussion 691-735. 2005
    We propose that the crucial difference between human cognition and that of other species is the ability to participate with others in collaborative activities with shared goals and intentions: shared intentionality...
  48. doi Social cognition and the brain: a meta-analysis
    Frank Van Overwalle
    Department of Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussel, Belgium
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:829-58. 2009
    This meta-analysis explores the location and function of brain areas involved in social cognition, or the capacity to understand people's behavioral intentions, social beliefs, and personality traits...
  49. ncbi Enhanced perceptual functioning in autism: an update, and eight principles of autistic perception
    Laurent Mottron
    Pervasive Developmental Disorders Specialized Clinic, Riviere des Prairies Hospital, and Fernand Seguin Research Center, University of Montreal, Canada
    J Autism Dev Disord 36:27-43. 2006
    ..The overfunctioning of brain regions typically involved in primary perceptual functions may explain the autistic perceptual endophenotype...
  50. pmc Frames, biases, and rational decision-making in the human brain
    Benedetto De Martino
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1 3AR, UK
    Science 313:684-7. 2006
    ..This finding highlights the importance of incorporating emotional processes within models of human choice and suggests how the brain may modulate the effect of these biasing influences to approximate rationality...
  51. ncbi Guidelines for using human event-related potentials to study cognition: recording standards and publication criteria
    T W Picton
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychophysiology 37:127-52. 2000
    ..The data must then be analyzed and presented in a way that allows different studies to be compared readily. This paper presents guidelines for recording ERPs and criteria for publishing the results...
  52. ncbi Storage and executive processes in the frontal lobes
    E E Smith
    Department of Psychology, Mental Health Research Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1109, USA
    Science 283:1657-61. 1999
    ..Two of the fundamental executive processes are selective attention and task management. Both processes activate the anterior cingulate and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex...
  53. ncbi Uniquely human social cognition
    Rebecca Saxe
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology 46 4019, 43 Vassar St, Cambridge MA, 02138, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 16:235-9. 2006
    Recent data identify distinct components of social cognition associated with five brain regions. In posterior temporal cortex, the extrastriate body area is associated with perceiving the form of other human bodies...
  54. ncbi Radiation-induced cognitive impairments are associated with changes in indicators of hippocampal neurogenesis
    Jacob Raber
    Department of Behavioral Neuroscience, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, 97239, USA
    Radiat Res 162:39-47. 2004
    ..The significant loss of proliferating SGZ cells and their progeny suggests a contributory role of reduced neurogenesis in the pathogenesis of radiation-induced cognitive impairments...
  55. pmc Modes and models of forebrain cholinergic neuromodulation of cognition
    Michael E Hasselmo
    Center for Memory and Brain, Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Neuropsychopharmacology 36:52-73. 2011
    ..The available evidence and these models point to new principles governing the development of the next generation of cholinergic treatments for cognitive disorders...
  56. doi Does working memory training work? The promise and challenges of enhancing cognition by training working memory
    Alexandra B Morrison
    Department of Psychology, Temple University, 6th Floor Weiss Hall, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 18:46-60. 2011
    ..Given the established relationship between WM and higher cognition, these successful training studies have led to speculation that WM training may yield broad cognitive benefits...
  57. ncbi The neural basis of inhibition in cognitive control
    Adam R Aron
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Neuroscientist 13:214-28. 2007
    ..This article examines the role that neuroscience can play when examining whether the psychological concept of active inhibition can be meaningfully applied in cognitive control research...
  58. ncbi Intellectual ability and cortical development in children and adolescents
    P Shaw
    Child Psychiatry Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20182, USA
    Nature 440:676-9. 2006
    ..This study indicates that the neuroanatomical expression of intelligence in children is dynamic...
  59. ncbi Functional and anatomical cortical underconnectivity in autism: evidence from an FMRI study of an executive function task and corpus callosum morphometry
    Marcel Adam Just
    Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:951-61. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that the neural basis of altered cognition in autism entails a lower degree of integration of information across certain cortical areas resulting from ..
  60. ncbi An application of prefrontal cortex function theory to cognitive aging
    R L West
    Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, USA
    Psychol Bull 120:272-92. 1996
    ..I found the frontal lobe hypothesis to perform well, with the exception of an inability to account for age-related declines in item recall and recognition memory, possibly a result of age-related declines in medial temporal function...
  61. pmc High gamma power is phase-locked to theta oscillations in human neocortex
    R T Canolty
    Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 313:1626-8. 2006
    ..The results indicate that transient coupling between low- and high-frequency brain rhythms coordinates activity in distributed cortical areas, providing a mechanism for effective communication during cognitive processing in humans...
  62. pmc Amyloid deposition is associated with impaired default network function in older persons without dementia
    Reisa A Sperling
    Center for Alzheimer Research and Treatment, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Neuron 63:178-88. 2009
    ....
  63. ncbi Anterior prefrontal function and the limits of human decision-making
    Etienne Koechlin
    Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Departement d Etudes Cognitives, Ecole Normale Superieure, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 9, quai Saint Bernard, 75005 Paris, France
    Science 318:594-8. 2007
    ....
  64. pmc Memory enhancement in healthy older adults using a brain plasticity-based training program: a randomized, controlled study
    Henry W Mahncke
    Posit Science Corporation, 225 Bush Street, San Francisco, CA 94104, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:12523-8. 2006
    Normal aging is associated with progressive functional losses in perception, cognition, and memory...
  65. ncbi A neuropsychological theory of positive affect and its influence on cognition
    F G Ashby
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara 93106, USA
    Psychol Rev 106:529-50. 1999
    ..For example, the theory assumes that creative problem solving is improved, in part, because increased dopamine release in the anterior cingulate improves cognitive flexibility and facilitates the selection of cognitive perspective...
  66. ncbi Dual-processing accounts of reasoning, judgment, and social cognition
    Jonathan St B T Evans
    Center for Thinking and Language, School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, United Kingdom, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 59:255-78. 2008
    This article reviews a diverse set of proposals for dual processing in higher cognition within largely disconnected literatures in cognitive and social psychology...
  67. ncbi The role of the right temporoparietal junction in social interaction: how low-level computational processes contribute to meta-cognition
    Jean Decety
    Department of Psychology, and Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Neuroscientist 13:580-93. 2007
    ..cortex, at the junction with the posterior temporal cortex, plays a critical role in various aspects of social cognition such as theory of mind and empathy...
  68. pmc Long-term effects of cognitive training on everyday functional outcomes in older adults
    Sherry L Willis
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA 16801
    JAMA 296:2805-14. 2006
    ..Cognitive training has been shown to improve cognitive abilities in older adults but the effects of cognitive training on everyday function have not been demonstrated...
  69. ncbi An integrative theory of locus coeruleus-norepinephrine function: adaptive gain and optimal performance
    Gary Aston-Jones
    Laboratory of Neuromodulation and Behavior, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 28:403-50. 2005
    ..We propose that these frontal areas produce the above patterns of LC activity to optimize utility on both short and long timescales...
  70. pmc Influence of cognitive control and mismatch on the N2 component of the ERP: a review
    Jonathan R Folstein
    Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
    Psychophysiology 45:152-70. 2008
    ..We focus on the visual modality for which components with frontocentral and more posterior scalp distributions can be readily distinguished...
  71. doi The locus coeruleus and noradrenergic modulation of cognition
    Susan J Sara
    CNRS UMR 7152, College de France, Paris 75005, France
    Nat Rev Neurosci 10:211-23. 2009
    ....
  72. doi Rapid restoration of cognition in Alzheimer's transgenic mice with 8-hydroxy quinoline analogs is associated with decreased interstitial Abeta
    Paul A Adlard
    Oxidation Biology Laboratory, The Mental Health Research Institute of Victoria, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
    Neuron 59:43-55. 2008
    ..The speed of recovery of the animals underscores the acutely reversible nature of the cognitive deficits associated with transgenic models of AD...
  73. pmc Default network activity, coupled with the frontoparietal control network, supports goal-directed cognition
    R Nathan Spreng
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge MA 02138, USA
    Neuroimage 53:303-17. 2010
    ..Consequently, many assume that default network activity is suppressed during goal-directed cognition. We challenge this assumption in an fMRI study of planning...
  74. pmc Evidence for a frontoparietal control system revealed by intrinsic functional connectivity
    Justin L Vincent
    Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Neurophysiol 100:3328-42. 2008
    ..The frontoparietal control system is therefore anatomically positioned to integrate information from these two opposing brain systems...
  75. doi Effects of stress throughout the lifespan on the brain, behaviour and cognition
    Sonia J Lupien
    Universite de Montreal, Mental Health Research Centre, Fernand Seguin Hôpital Louis H Lafontaine, Quebec, Canada
    Nat Rev Neurosci 10:434-45. 2009
    ..period, infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood or aging, has an impact on brain structures involved in cognition and mental health...
  76. doi Genetic foundations of human intelligence
    Ian J Deary
    Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, 7 George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, Scotland, UK
    Hum Genet 126:215-32. 2009
    ..Here, we describe the human intelligence phenotype, summarise the evidence for its heritability, provide an overview of and comment on molecular genetic studies, and comment on future progress in the field...
  77. ncbi Toward a neurobiology of temporal cognition: advances and challenges
    J Gibbon
    Department of Biopsychology, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Box 50, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 7:170-84. 1997
    ..We propose that cerebellar dysfunction may induce deregulation of tonic thalamic tuning, which disrupts gating of the mnemonic temporal information generated in the basal ganglia through striato-thalamo-cortical loops...
  78. ncbi Value computations in ventral medial prefrontal cortex during charitable decision making incorporate input from regions involved in social cognition
    Todd A Hare
    Computation and Neural Systems and Humanities and Social Science Divisions, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 7700, USA
    J Neurosci 30:583-90. 2010
    ..functional connectivity analyses indicated that the value signal in VMPFC might integrate inputs from networks, including the anterior insula and posterior superior temporal cortex, that are thought to be involved in social cognition.
  79. pmc Hippocampal NMDA receptors and anxiety: at the interface between cognition and emotion
    Christopher Barkus
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3UD, UK
    Eur J Pharmacol 626:49-56. 2010
    ..Wied had a fundamental interest in the brain and behaviour, with a particular interest in the interface between cognition and emotion, and how impairments at this interface could underlie human psychopathology...
  80. ncbi Neural mechanisms of transient and sustained cognitive control during task switching
    Todd S Braver
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Neuron 39:713-26. 2003
    ....
  81. doi Individual differences in non-verbal number acuity correlate with maths achievement
    Justin Halberda
    Johns Hopkins University, Ames Hall, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
    Nature 455:665-8. 2008
    ..Further research will determine whether early differences in number sense acuity affect later maths learning, whether maths education enhances number sense acuity, and the extent to which tertiary factors can affect both...
  82. pmc Constructive and unconstructive repetitive thought
    Edward R Watkins
    Mood Disorders Centre, School of Psychology, University of Exeter, Washington Singer Laboratories, UK
    Psychol Bull 134:163-206. 2008
    ..concrete processing) adopted during RT. Of the existing models of RT, it is proposed that an elaborated version of the control theory account provides the best theoretical framework to account for its distinct consequences...
  83. ncbi A neural basis for social cooperation
    James Rilling
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Neuron 35:395-405. 2002
    ..We propose that activation of this neural network positively reinforces reciprocal altruism, thereby motivating subjects to resist the temptation to selfishly accept but not reciprocate favors...
  84. ncbi Temporal dynamics of brain activation during a working memory task
    J D Cohen
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Nature 386:604-8. 1997
    ..We used the temporal resolution of this technique to examine the dynamics of regional activation, and to show that prefrontal cortex along with parietal cortex appears to play a role in active maintenance...
  85. ncbi Exercise: a behavioral intervention to enhance brain health and plasticity
    Carl W Cotman
    Institute for Brain Aging and Dementia, Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 4540, USA
    Trends Neurosci 25:295-301. 2002
    ..Thus, exercise could provide a simple means to maintain brain function and promote brain plasticity...
  86. doi Structural dynamics of dendritic spines in memory and cognition
    Haruo Kasai
    Laboratory of Structural Physiology, Center for Disease Biology and Integrative Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, and Center for NanoBio Integration, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
    Trends Neurosci 33:121-9. 2010
    ..Spine dynamics are also implicated in long-term memory and cognition: intrinsic fluctuations in volume can explain synapse maintenance over long periods, and rapid, activity-..
  87. ncbi Two views of brain function
    Marcus E Raichle
    Departments of Radiology, Neurology, Neurobiology and Biomedical Engineering, Washington University School of Medicine, 4525 Scott Avenue, Room 2116, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:180-90. 2010
    ....
  88. pmc Lateral prefrontal cortex: architectonic and functional organization
    Michael Petrides
    Montreal Neurological Institute and Department of Psychology, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2B4
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:781-95. 2005
    ....
  89. doi On the relationship between emotion and cognition
    Luiz Pessoa
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, and Programs in Neuroscience and Cognitive Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 9:148-58. 2008
    ..Popular examples are the amygdala in the domain of emotion and the lateral prefrontal cortex in the case of cognition. This prevalent view is problematic for a number of reasons...
  90. doi The role of sleep in cognition and emotion
    Matthew P Walker
    Sleep and Neuroimaging Laboratory, Department of Psychology and Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 1650, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1156:168-97. 2009
    As critical as waking brain function is to cognition, an extensive literature now indicates that sleep supports equally important, different yet complementary operations...
  91. doi Attentional sensitization of unconscious cognition: task sets modulate subsequent masked semantic priming
    Markus Kiefer
    Department of Psychiatry, Univerity of Ulm, Ulm, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Gen 139:464-89. 2010
    ..Hence, automatic processing of unconscious stimuli is susceptible to top-down control for optimizing goal-related information processing...
  92. ncbi Conscious intention and motor cognition
    Patrick Haggard
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:290-5. 2005
    ..Both intention and agency result from the brain processes for predictive motor control, not merely from retrospective inference...
  93. ncbi Learned predictions of error likelihood in the anterior cingulate cortex
    Joshua W Brown
    Department of Psychology, CB 1125, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Science 307:1118-21. 2005
    ..These results support a more general error-likelihood theory of ACC function based on reinforcement learning, of which conflict and error detection are special cases...
  94. pmc What does the amygdala contribute to social cognition?
    Ralph Adolphs
    California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1191:42-61. 2010
    ..These aspects help to clarify the amygdala's contributions to recognizing emotion from faces, to social behavior toward conspecifics, and to reward learning and instrumental behavior...
  95. ncbi Left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and the cognitive control of memory
    David Badre
    Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, 132 Barker Hall, MC3190, UC Berkeley, CA 94720 3190, USA
    Neuropsychologia 45:2883-901. 2007
    ..Finally, we consider open directions for future research into left VLPFC function and the cognitive control of memory...
  96. ncbi Emotion and cognition: insights from studies of the human amygdala
    Elizabeth A Phelps
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 57:27-53. 2006
    Traditional approaches to the study of cognition emphasize an information-processing view that has generally excluded emotion...
  97. pmc Electroencephalographic signatures of attentional and cognitive default modes in spontaneous brain activity fluctuations at rest
    H Laufs
    Cognitive Neurology Unit, Department of Neurology, J W Goethe University, Theodor Stern Kai 7, D 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:11053-8. 2003
    ....
  98. ncbi Cognitive control, hierarchy, and the rostro-caudal organization of the frontal lobes
    David Badre
    Department of Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences, Brown University, Box 1978, Providence, RI 02912 1978, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:193-200. 2008
    ..Distinctions among these frameworks are considered as a basis for future research...
  99. pmc Epigenetic mechanisms in cognition
    Jeremy J Day
    Department of Neurobiology and Evelyn F McKnight Brain Institute, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 2182, USA
    Neuron 70:813-29. 2011
    ..Finally, we consider how aberrant epigenetic modifications may lead to cognitive disorders that affect learning and memory, and we review the therapeutic potential of epigenetic treatments for the amelioration of these conditions...
  100. ncbi Time perception: manipulation of task difficulty dissociates clock functions from other cognitive demands
    Alexandra C Livesey
    Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, UK
    Neuropsychologia 45:321-31. 2007
    ..We argue that the extent of the timing "network" has been significantly over-estimated in the past and that only these three relatively small regions can safely be regarded as being directly concerned with duration judgements...
  101. ncbi The cognitive control of emotion
    Kevin N Ochsner
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, Schermerhorn Hall, 1190 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:242-9. 2005
    ..Taken together, the results suggest a functional architecture for the cognitive control of emotion that dovetails with findings from other human and nonhuman research on emotion...

Research Grants88

  1. MODELING IN COGNITION
    James Townsend; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..whom are in the Psychology Department, and are internationally recognized for their expertise in the modeling of cognition; they have contributed some of the major models of cognition in the field, also many important methodological ..
  2. Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical Illness
    Eva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. Emotions are emergent events constrained by affective and conceptual processes.
    Lisa Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Understanding the Cognitive Impact of Early Life Epilepsy
    Frances Jensen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..hypothesize that seizure induced [unreadable]dysplasticity[unreadable]may occlude normal plasticity involved in cognition, and induce abnormal patterns of synapse development similar to those observed in autism and other forms of ..
  5. PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT CORE
    PERRY SINGLETON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..After developing and validating the measures of daily cognition and behaviors, we will pursue a second phase which will focus on alternative methods for implementing the ..
  6. BDNF and Spine-Related Disorders of Memory and Cognition (P01).
    Christine Gall; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of mental retardation and are also found in psychiatric conditions associated with disturbances to memory and cognition. These widely reported observations raise the possibility that defects in the processes that regulate the spine ..
  7. OLDER BREAST CANCER PATIENTS: RISK FOR COGNITIVE DECLINE
    Jeanne Mandelblatt; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We use the vulnerability model of cancer survivorship to describe systemic therapy effects on cognition over a 12 month period, test associations between cognition and quality of life and to evaluate whether APOE ..
  8. OLDER BREAST CANCER PATIENTS: RISK FOR COGNITIVE DECLINE
    Robert A Stern; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We use the vulnerability model of cancer survivorship to describe systemic therapy effects on cognition over a 12 month period, test associations between cognition and quality of life and to evaluate whether APOE ..
  9. Determining the Neuroendocrine Contribution to Behavior & Cognition Across the Fe
    C Neill Epperson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by which sex hormones and neurosteroids interact with neurotransmitters to modulate behavior, mood, and cognition in women...
  10. Synaptic autoimmunity in disorders of memory, behavior, cognition and psychosis
    Rita Balice Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the characterization of autoimmune responses to synaptic proteins that result in disorders of behavior, memory, cognition and psychosis...
  11. Synaptic autoimmunity in disorders of memory, behavior, cognition and psychosis
    Josep Dalmau; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the characterization of autoimmune responses to synaptic proteins that result in disorders of behavior, memory, cognition and psychosis...
  12. Measuring Altered Social Behavior in Neurodegenerative Disease
    Katherine P Rankin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The specific aim of this project is to adapt existing measures of social cognition for reliable and valid use in neurodegenerative diseases...
  13. Measuring Altered Social Behavior in Neurodegenerative Disease
    Katherine Rankin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The specific aim of this project is to adapt existing measures of social cognition for reliable and valid use in neurodegenerative diseases...
  14. Arm Motor Rehabilitation, Entertainment and Cognition System for the Elderly
    Grigore C Burdea; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..upper extremity uni-manual and bimanual function, reach, strength and ADL independence;2) improve and maintain cognition (memory, focus, problem solving);and 3) provide emotive uplifting and maintain it...
  15. Long Term Outcomes in ICU Patients: Delirium & Apolipoprotein E
    Sheila Alexander; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Delirium and Apolipoprotein Delirium, a disturbance is consciousness with inattention accompanied by a change in cognition or perceptual disturbances, is a common occurrence in hospitalized patients in and out of the ICU...
  16. Speech of Young Males with Fragile X Syndrome
    David Zajac; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..among boys with FXS, DS, and TD;and c) identify potential mechanisms (anxiety/arousal, motor speech, nonverbal cognition, attention) that may account for anticipated group differences in speech intelligibility among boys with FXS and ..
  17. Speech of Young Males with Fragile X Syndrome
    David Zajac; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..among boys with FXS, DS, and TD;and c) identify potential mechanisms (anxiety/arousal, motor speech, nonverbal cognition, attention) that may account for anticipated group differences in speech intelligibility among boys with FXS and ..
  18. Vitamin B12 and Folate in Relation to Cognition in the Framingham Offspring Study
    Jacob Selhub; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Few previous studies of cognition investigated the interaction between vitamin B12 status and folate status, and most that looked at the main- ..
  19. Vitamin B12 and Folate in Relation to Cognition in the Framingham Offspring Study
    Jacob Selhub; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Few previous studies of cognition investigated the interaction between vitamin B12 status and folate status, and most that looked at the main- ..
  20. Social Cognition and Functioning in Bipolar Disorder
    Michael Green; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..An extensive literature in schizophrenia research has established that basic (non-social) cognition is a key determinant of functional outcome in schizophrenia and that social cognition acts as a mediator between ..
  21. Social Cognition and Functioning in Bipolar Disorder
    Michael F Green; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..An extensive literature in schizophrenia research has established that basic (non-social) cognition is a key determinant of functional outcome in schizophrenia and that social cognition acts as a mediator between ..
  22. Drug Discovery for Cognitive Impairment Associated with Drugs of Abuse
    Alvin V Terry; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Deficits in cognition and working memory accompany several neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders...
  23. Biopsychosocial approaches to healthy aging
    Terrie Vasilopoulos; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Aim 1 seeks to understand the joint influence of physical and psychosocial function on later-life cognition, utilizing data from the National Social Life, Health and Aging Project), a nationally representative, study of &..
  24. Exploring the Role of the Brain Epigenome: Cognitive Decline and Life Experiences
    David A Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of the proposed project is to explore the role of the epigenome in modulating the effect of life experiences on cognition and dementia in older persons...
  25. Exploring the Role of the Brain Epigenome: Cognitive Decline and Life Experiences
    David Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of the proposed project is to explore the role of the epigenome in modulating the effect of life experiences on cognition and dementia in older persons...
  26. Efficacy of GABAA a5 receptor inverse agonists in learning impaired rats
    EARL MICHAEL GIBBS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This necessitates the development of new, better acting and safer medications for enhancing cognition. In this SBIR Phase I project, PhysioGenix will determine the efficacy, pharmacokinetics (PK), maximum tolerated ..
  27. Remediation of Working Memory in Schizophrenia
    Tasha Nienow; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed intervention study is designed to enhance cognition and psychosocial functioning in patients...
  28. Aging and Sties of Action of Cognition-Enhancing Drugs
    DIANA WOODRUFF PAK; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..classical conditioning model in rabbits will be used to identify sites of action and possible mechanisms for cognition enhancing drugs...
  29. Aging and Sties of Action of Cognition-Enhancing Drugs
    DIANA WOODRUFF PAK; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..classical conditioning model in rabbits will be used to identify sites of action and possible mechanisms for cognition enhancing drugs...
  30. Aging and Sites of Action of Cognition-Enhancing Drugs
    DIANA WOODRUFF PAK; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..classical conditioning model in rabbits will be used to identify sites of action and possible mechanisms for cognition enhancing drugs...
  31. The Effect of High-Dose Atorvastatin on Neuronal Activity and Cognitive Function
    Donna Polk; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Data regarding the effects of statins on cognition are discrepant, although randomized clinical trials have shown either no effect of statins on cognition or even ..
  32. Aging and Sites of Action of Cognition-Enhancing Drugs
    DIANA WOODRUFF PAK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..classical conditioning model in rabbits will be used to identify sites of action and possible mechanisms for cognition enhancing drugs...
  33. Young Development of a Novel PET Ligand for Detecting Oxytocin Receptors in Brain
    Larry J Young; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..provided by applicant): Oxytocin (OT) is a neuropeptide that has been implicated in the regulation of social cognition and social behavior both in animal models and in humans...
  34. Young Development of a Novel PET Ligand for Detecting Oxytocin Receptors in Brain
    Larry J Young; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provided by applicant): Oxytocin (OT) is a neuropeptide that has been implicated in the regulation of social cognition and social behavior both in animal models and in humans...
  35. MODELING IN COGNITION
    James Townsend; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..whom are in the Psychology Department, and are internationally recognized for their expertise in the modeling of cognition; they have contributed some of the major models of cognition in the field, and also many important ..
  36. MODELING IN COGNITION
    James Townsend; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..whom are in the Psychology Department, and are internationally recognized for their expertise in the modeling of cognition; they have contributed some of the major models of cognition in the field, and also many important ..
  37. MODELING IN COGNITION
    James Townsend; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..whom are in the Psychology Department, and are internationally recognized for their expertise in the modeling of cognition; they have contributed some of the major models of cognition in the field, and also many important ..
  38. Brain-Based Measures for Treatment Development of Impaired Cognition in Schizophr
    Cameron S Carter; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the past decade there has been a growing awareness of the disabling and treatment refractory effects of impaired cognition in schizophrenia, which results in performance deficits that are strongly and consistently related to poor ..
  39. Aging, Social Interdependence and Wisdom in the U.S. and Japan
    Richard E Nisbett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..older people are more interdependent than younger people and (2) as a consequence, they become more holistic in cognition, and (3) in part as a result of more holistic thinking, they become wiser in some respects...
  40. Aging, Social Interdependence and Wisdom in the U.S. and Japan
    Richard Nisbett; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..older people are more interdependent than younger people and (2) as a consequence, they become more holistic in cognition, and (3) in part as a result of more holistic thinking, they become wiser in some respects...
  41. Brain-Based Measures for Treatment Development of Impaired Cognition in Schizophr
    Cameron Carter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the past decade there has been a growing awareness of the disabling and treatment refractory effects of impaired cognition in schizophrenia, which results in performance deficits that are strongly and consistently related to poor ..
  42. The Neuroscience of Motivational Interviewing Change Talk
    Claudia Tesche; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The concept of change talk fits well with MI's basis in social cognition, in particular the notion of self-perception...
  43. Cognitive Processes for Pharmacotherapy Development and Treatment Outcome Incoca
    HELEN CECILIA FOX; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..trials, b) a theoretical and practical understanding of the neurobiological and pharmacological basis of cognition and addiction, and c) data analytical techniques relevant to pharmacotherapy trials with multiple time-points ..
  44. Amygdala: sex differences in behavior, cognition, and neuroendocrine development
    Kim Wallen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..by applicant): The amygdala, a sexually differentiated brain structure intimately involved in emotions, cognition, social behavior, and sexuality, is particularly important in monkeys for recognizing and responding to social ..
  45. Amygdala: sex differences in behavior, cognition, and neuroendocrine development
    Kim Wallen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    The amygdala, a sexually differentiated brain structure intimately involved in emotions, cognition, social behavior, and sexuality, is particularly important in monkeys for recognizing and responding to social context and danger...
  46. Amygdala: sex differences in behavior, cognition, and neuroendocrine development
    Kim Wallen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): The amygdala, a sexually differentiated brain structure intimately involved in emotions, cognition, social behavior, and sexuality, is particularly important in monkeys for recognizing and responding to social ..
  47. Effects of Parkinson's Disease on Perception, Cognition, and Gait
    ALICE M CRONIN GOLOMB; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): Non-motor aspects of Parkinson's disease (PD) such as deficient sensation, perception, and cognition are a source of a significant decline in everyday function and quality of life...
  48. Effects of Parkinson's Disease on Perception, Cognition, and Gait
    Alice Cronin Golomb; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..by applicant): Non-motor aspects of Parkinson's disease (PD) such as deficient sensation, perception, and cognition are a source of a significant decline in everyday function and quality of life...
  49. Information throughput in risky decision making underlying self-regulation
    John M Hinson; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Further, risky decision making can depend on non-affective, deliberative processes (cold cognition), affective, automatic processes (hot cognition), or the interaction of these processes...
  50. ANDROGEN EFFECTS ON COGNITION IN TURNER SYNDROME
    Judith Ross; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..a unique, sex hormone-deficient model in which to study the biological effects of androgen treatment on cognition and behavior in females...
  51. ANDROGEN EFFECTS ON COGNITION IN TURNER SYNDROME
    Judith Ross; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..a unique, sex hormone-deficient model in which to study the biological effects of androgen treatment on cognition and behavior in females...
  52. ANDROGEN EFFECTS ON COGNITION IN TURNER SYNDROME
    Judith Ross; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..a unique, sex hormone-deficient model in which to study the biological effects of androgen treatment on cognition and behavior in females...
  53. ANDROGEN EFFECTS ON COGNITION IN TURNER SYNDROME
    Judith Ross; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..a unique, sex hormone-deficient model in which to study the biological effects of androgen treatment on cognition and behavior in females...
  54. Adolescent Maturation of Brain Network Integration for Executive Control Abilitie
    Michael Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Adolescence is a distinct developmental period during which 'executive'control over behavior and cognition improves towards mature, adult levels of performance on neuropsychological tests...
  55. Metal and Organochlorines Exposure: Impact on Adolescent Behavior and Cognition
    Susan Korrick; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of early life exposure to neurotoxic metal mixtures, and their interactions, with early adolescent behavior and cognition. The metals to be studied are prenatal manganese (Mn), methylmercury (MeHg), arsenic (As), lead (Pb) and ..
  56. Metal and Organochlorines Exposure: Impact on Adolescent Behavior and Cognition
    Susan Korrick; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of early life exposure to neurotoxic metal mixtures, and their interactions, with early adolescent behavior and cognition. The metals to be studied are prenatal manganese (Mn), methylmercury (MeHg), arsenic (As), lead (Pb) and ..
  57. Metal and Organochlorines Exposure: Impact on Adolescent Behavior and Cognition
    Susan A Korrick; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of early life exposure to neurotoxic metal mixtures, and their interactions, with early adolescent behavior and cognition. The metals to be studied are prenatal manganese (Mn), methylmercury (MeHg), arsenic (As), lead (Pb) and ..
  58. Metal and Organochlorines Exposure: Impact on Adolescent Behavior and Cognition
    Susan Korrick; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..of early life exposure to neurotoxic metal mixtures, and their interactions, with early adolescent behavior and cognition. The metals to be studied are prenatal manganese (Mn), methylmercury (MeHg), arsenic (As), lead (Pb) and ..
  59. Metal and Organochlorines Exposure: Impact on Adolescent Behavior and Cognition
    Susan Korrick; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of early life exposure to neurotoxic metal mixtures, and their interactions, with early adolescent behavior and cognition. The metals to be studied are prenatal manganese (Mn), methylmercury (MeHg), arsenic (As), lead (Pb) and ..
  60. A Comparative Developmental Connectivity Study of Face Processing
    Jane E Joseph; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Such developmental changes may support a neural system for social cognition that includes face processing...
  61. A Comparative Developmental Connectivity Study of Face Processing
    Jane Joseph; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such developmental changes may support a neural system for social cognition that includes face processing...
  62. Gonadotropin involvement in cognition and Alzheimer's disease: Therapeutic Implic
    Gemma Casadesus; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These findings have led many in the field, including us, to re-examine the role of estrogen in cognition and AD and to look beyond the direct effects of estrogen to more indirect, though perhaps no less important, ..
  63. MODELING IN COGNITION
    James Townsend; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..whom are in the Psychology Department, and are internationally recognized for their expertise in the modeling of cognition; they have contributed some of the major models of cognition in the field, also many important methodological ..
  64. A Study of Narrative as the Cognitivie Process Underlying Diagnostic Reasoning
    Curtis Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Studies in cognitive science and social psychology suggest that narrative cognition integrates these two processes. The role of narrative cognition in medical diagnosis is not well understood...
  65. MODELING IN COGNITION
    James Townsend; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..whom are in the Psychology Department, and are internationally recognized for their expertise in the modeling of cognition; they have contributed some of the major models of cognition in the field, also many important methodological ..
  66. A Study of Narrative as the Cognitivie Process Underlying Diagnostic Reasoning
    CURTIS SCOTT SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Studies in cognitive science and social psychology suggest that narrative cognition integrates these two processes. The role of narrative cognition in medical diagnosis is not well understood...
  67. Vascular Function, Cognition, and Brain MRI in Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease
    David Moser; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This is the third submission of an R01 requesting five years of funding to support research on vascular disease, cognition, and brain structure in individuals with atherosclerotic vascular disease (AVD) and healthy comparison ..
  68. MODELING IN COGNITION
    James Townsend; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..whom are in the Psychology Department, and are internationally recognized for their expertise in the modeling of cognition; they have contributed some of the major models of cognition in the field, also many important methodological ..
  69. COGNITION, STEROIDS AND IMAGING IN CUSHINGS DISEASE
    MONICA STARKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Patients with CD exhibit hypercortisolemia and develop disturbances in mood, sleep, libido, and cognition. The investigator's hypothesis is that steroid elevations in these various conditions have important neuroactive ..
  70. COGNITION, STEROIDS AND IMAGING IN CUSHINGS DISEASE
    MONICA STARKMAN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Patients with CD exhibit hypercortisolemia and develop disturbances in mood, sleep, libido, and cognition. The investigator's hypothesis is that steroid elevations in these various conditions have important neuroactive ..
  71. COGNITION, STEROIDS AND IMAGING IN CUSHINGS DISEASE
    MONICA STARKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Patients with CD exhibit hypercortisolemia and develop disturbances in mood, sleep, libido, and cognition. The investigator's hypothesis is that steroid elevations in these various conditions have important neuroactive ..
  72. Antipsychotic Influence on Altered MTL Neuronal Activity in Schizophrenia
    Carol Tamminga; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..neuronal activity in brain, the rich advances in cognitive neuroscience, and the focus of SZ research on cognition. It is a propitious time to examine mechanisms associated with hippocampal dysfunction in schizophrenia given ..
  73. Epidemiologic Study of Neural Reserve and Neurobiology of Aging
    David Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The ability to maintain cognition despite the accumulation of AD pathology is known as cognitive or neural reserve...
  74. Child Health, Cognition, and Behavior: Domain-Specific Estimates of the Effects o
    Rachel A Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..between child care quality and child cognitive, behavioral and health outcomes focusing on new domain-specific (cognition, behavior, health) measures of quality...
  75. Cognitive Decline and Dementia: Life Experiences and the Brain Histone Epigenome
    David Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..cerebrovascular disease, and Lewy body disease, these conditions only account for about 20% of the variance of cognition in older persons...
  76. Cognitive Decline and Dementia: Life Experiences and the Brain Histone Epigenome
    David A Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..cerebrovascular disease, and Lewy body disease, these conditions only account for about 20% of the variance of cognition in older persons...
  77. Variations in Hormone Therapy: Effects on Cognition and Markers of Brain Aging
    Heather Bimonte Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..However, abundant basic science evidence suggests that estrogens exert beneficial effects on cognition and neurobiological variables related to memory...
  78. Variations in Hormone Therapy: Effects on Cognition and Markers of Brain Aging
    Heather Bimonte Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..However, abundant basic science evidence suggests that estrogens exert beneficial effects on cognition and neurobiological variables related to memory...
  79. Variations in Hormone Therapy: Effects on Cognition and Markers of Brain Aging
    Heather Bimonte Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..However, abundant basic science evidence suggests that estrogens exert beneficial effects on cognition and neurobiological variables related to memory...
  80. Variations in Hormone Therapy: Effects on Cognition and Markers of Brain Aging
    HEATHER ALLYSON BIMONTE NELSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..However, abundant basic science evidence suggests that estrogens exert beneficial effects on cognition and neurobiological variables related to memory...
  81. Polysubstance Use and Chronic Smoking: Neuroimaging and Cognition
    Dieter Meyerhoff; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..e., polysubstance use disorder, PSUD), have been linked to numerous abnormalities in human brain biology and cognition. Nearly 50% of all individuals with substance abuse problems have PSUD and more than half are also nicotine ..
  82. COGNITION AND PANIC
    Richard McNally; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Unfortunately, most cognitive research has relied solely on patient self-report as the sole measure of cognition. Investigators have yet to apply the experimental paradigms of cognitive psychology to study cognition and panic...
  83. Diabetes, Cognition and the Brain
    Antonio Convit; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Towards this goal we will measure cognition (including memory and frontal lobe measures of performance) with standard neuropsychological tests, hippocampal ..
  84. SOCIAL-COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING IN AGING AND DEMENTIA
    Allyson Washburn; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..proposed pilot work is preliminary to a longitudinal study of the relationships among social behavior, social cognition, and general cognitive status in dementia patients and in a group of controls matched for age, gender, and ..
  85. ESTRADIOL AND SERMS ON COGNITION, MOOD AND AFFECT
    Thomas Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Few studies have evaluate the impact of SERMs on cognition or wood...
  86. LIFE-SPAN DEVELOPMENT--MECHANISMS OF EVERYDAY COGNITION
    HAYNE REESE; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..provide a unique integration of theoretical perspectives, methodology, and data on the mechanisms of everyday cognition across the life-span...
  87. ALZHEIMERS DISEASE PATIENT REGISTRY
    Ronald Petersen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The specific aims were designed to estimate the population prevalence of normal cognition, MCI and its subtypes, to estimate incidence rates of MCI and dementia, and begin to explore predictors for ..