Genomes and Genes
Summary: A major deviation from normal patterns of behavior.
Publications340 found, 100 shown here
- Functional impairment in patients with schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, or obsessive-compulsive personality disorderAndrew E Skodol
Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study
Am J Psychiatry 159:276-83. 2002..The purpose of this study was to compare psychosocial functioning in patients with schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, or obsessive-compulsive personality disorder and patients with major depressive disorder and no personality disorder...
- Psychometric properties of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) questionnaire in a Spanish psychiatric populationF Gutierrez
Clinic Institute of Psychiatry and Psychology, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Spain
Acta Psychiatr Scand 103:143-7. 2001..The psychometric properties of the Spanish version of Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) were examined in a psychiatric population...
- DSM-IV personality disorders in the WHO World Mental Health SurveysYueqin Huang
Institute of Mental Health, Peking University, Beijing, China
Br J Psychiatry 195:46-53. 2009Little is known about the cross-national population prevalence or correlates of personality disorders.
- The Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study: reliability of axis I and II diagnosesM C Zanarini
Harvard Medical School and McLean Hospital, 115 Mill Street, Belmont, MA 02478, USA
J Pers Disord 14:291-9. 2000..Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I) and the Diagnostic Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders (DIPD-IV). Fair-good median interrater kappa (.40-...
- Revised NESARC personality disorder diagnoses: gender, prevalence, and comorbidity with substance dependence disordersTimothy J Trull
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
J Pers Disord 24:412-26. 2010We applied different diagnostic rules for diagnosing personality disorders to the NESARC epidemiological study of over 40,000 individuals...
- Personality and substance dependence symptoms: modeling substance-specific traitsEmily R Grekin
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA
Psychol Addict Behav 20:415-24. 2006..In addition, several personality traits were differentially associated with alcohol, drug, and tobacco symptomatology...
- Personality disorder types proposed for DSM-5Andrew E Skodol
University of Arizona College of Medicine and Sunbelt Collaborative, 6340 N Campbell Ave, Tucson, AZ 85718, USA
J Pers Disord 25:136-69. 2011The Personality and Personality Disorders Work Group has proposed five specific personality disorder (PD) types for DSM-5, to be rated on a dimension of fit: antisocial/psychopathic, avoidant, borderline, obsessive-compulsive, and ..
- Temperament and character personality profiles and personality disorders in chronic pain patientsRupert Conrad
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Bonn, Sigmund Freud Str 25, 53105 Bonn, Germany
Pain 133:197-209. 2007..8% of CPPs. The TCI provides further insight into the mechanisms underlying the development of chronic pain. This useful diagnostic instrument helps to economically and validly facilitate the identification of core PD features...
- Change is not always linear: the study of nonlinear and discontinuous patterns of change in psychotherapyAdele M Hayes
University of Delaware, DE, USA
Clin Psychol Rev 27:715-23. 2007..We describe recent applications of these ideas and methods to the study of change in psychotherapy and encourage their use to complement more traditional clinical trial designs...
- A comparison between the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the self-rating version of the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS)P Svanborg
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychiatry Section, Karolinska Institute, S171 76, Stockholm, Sweden
J Affect Disord 64:203-16. 2001..In the present study, the BDI was compared with a self-rating version of the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS-S) in 86 psychiatric patients with mainly affective and anxiety disorders...
- Short-interval test-retest interrater reliability of the Dutch version of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV personality disorders (SCID-II)Anoek Weertman
Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
J Pers Disord 17:562-7. 2003..of the Structured Clinical Interview (SCID-II: First, Spitzer, Gibbon, & Williams, 1995) for DSM-IV personality disorders (PDs). The SCID-II was administered to 69 in- and outpatients on two occasions separated by 1 to 6 weeks...
- Personality features and personality disorders in chronic fatigue syndrome: a population-based studyUrs M Nater
Chronic Viral Diseases Branch, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
Psychother Psychosom 79:312-8. 2010..Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) presents unique diagnostic and management challenges. Personality may be a risk factor for CFS and may contribute to the maintenance of the illness...
- Validity of the Type D personality construct in Danish post-MI patients and healthy controlsSusanne S Pedersen
Medical Psychology, Department of Psychology and Health, Tilburg University, Warandelaan 2, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
J Psychosom Res 57:265-72. 2004....
- Traits associated with personality disorders and adjustment to military life: predictive validity of self and peer reportsEdna R Fiedler
Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland Air Force Base, TX 78236 5300, USA
Mil Med 169:207-11. 2004This study demonstrated that traits and features associated with several types of personality disorders are related to work performance and the ability to conform to requirements of military life...
- The prevalence of personality disorders in a community sampleS Torgersen
Department of Psychology, Oslo University, PO Box 1039, Blindern, N 0315 Oslo, Norway
Arch Gen Psychiatry 58:590-6. 2001To our knowledge, no previous studies of personality disorders (PDs) in a large representative sample of the common population have been conducted.
- Temperament, character, and personality disorders: etiologic, diagnostic, treatment issuesD M Svrakic
Department of Psychiatry and Center for Psychobiology of Personality, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Acta Psychiatr Scand 106:189-95. 2002....
- The interpersonal problems of the socially avoidant: self and peer shared varianceThomas L Rodebaugh
Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, 63130, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 119:331-40. 2010..equation modeling, focusing on avoidant personality disorder traits as well as those of two comparison personality disorders (dependent and narcissistic)...
- Characterizing affective instability in borderline personality disorderHarold W Koenigsberg
Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
Am J Psychiatry 159:784-8. 2002..The authors also examined the subjective intensity with which moods are experienced and the association between instability and intensity of affect...
- Treatment response in major depression: effects of personality dysfunction and prior depressionP Gorwood
INSERM U675, CMME Sainte Anne Hospital, 100 rue de Santé, 75014 Paris, France
Br J Psychiatry 196:139-42. 2010..The impact of personality dysfunction on the outcome of treatment for depression remains debated...
- Personality disorder and the outcome of depression: meta-analysis of published studiesGiles Newton-Howes
Department of Psychological Medicine, Division of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Imperial College London, St Dunstan s Road, London W6 8RP, UK
Br J Psychiatry 188:13-20. 2006..There is conflicting evidence about the influence of personality disorder on outcome in depressive disorders...
- Personality disorders and mood disorders: perspectives on diagnosis and classification from studies of longitudinal course and familial associationsAndrew E Skodol
Sunbelt Collaborative, Tucson, AZ 85718, USA
J Pers Disord 24:83-108. 2010The results of three rigorous studies of the naturalistic course of personality disorders indicate the following: (1) personality psychopathology improves over time at unexpectedly significant rates; (2) particular maladaptive ..
- Temperament, character, and personality disordersS M de la Rie
Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
J Pers Disord 12:362-72. 1998..of the TCI, and to examine the relationship between temperament, character (as measured by the TCI), and personality disorders (as measured by the VKP). The Dutch TCI has a good internal consistency. Some scales do intercorrelate...
- The brain's emotional foundations of human personality and the Affective Neuroscience Personality ScalesKenneth L Davis
Department of Psychology, The University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223 0001, USA
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 35:1946-58. 2011..Links with ontogenetic and epigenetic models of personality development are also presented. Potential novel clinical applications of the CARE maternal-nurturance system and the PLAY system are also discussed...
- Personality disorders and autism spectrum disorders: what are the connections?Tove Lugnegård
Department of Adult Habilitation, Central Hospital, Karlstad, Sweden
Compr Psychiatry 53:333-40. 2012The relationship between autism spectrum disorders/pervasive developmental disorders and personality disorders is not completely clear, although both concepts imply lifelong impairment...
- Frequency of comorbid personality disorders in bipolar and unipolar affective disordersPeter Brieger
University Hospital for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg, Halle Saale, Germany
Compr Psychiatry 44:28-34. 2003One expression of the complex relationship between personality and affective disorder is the comorbidity of personality disorders (PDs) with affective disorders...
- Personality disorders and depressionM Fava
Depression Clinical and Research Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston 02114, USA
Psychol Med 32:1049-57. 2002b>Personality disorders (PDs) were assessed among depressed out-patients by clinical interview before and after antidepressant treatment with fluoxetine to assess the degree of stability of PD diagnoses and determine whether changes in PD ..
- Psychologic factors and risk of mortality after spinal cord injuryJames S Krause
College of Health Professions, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 90:628-33. 2009..To identify the association of 2 distinct psychologic constructs, personality and purpose in life (PIL), with risk of early mortality among persons with spinal cord injury (SCI)...
- Personality disorders and psychosocial problems in a group of participants to therapeutic processes for people with severe social disabilitiesCarlos Salavera
Departament de Psychology and Sociology, Education Faculty, Zaragoza University, C San Juan Bosco 7, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
BMC Psychiatry 11:192. 2011..The causes of this failure are not always known. This study investigates whether dropping-out is mediated by personality disorders or whether psychosocial problems are more important.
- Relationship of personality disorders to the course of major depressive disorder in a nationally representative sampleAndrew E Skodol
Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, USA
Am J Psychiatry 168:257-64. 2011..The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of specific personality disorder comorbidity on the course of major depressive disorder in a nationally representative sample...
- Criminal recidivism in offenders with personality disorders and substance use disorders over 8 years of time at riskMarc Walter
Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
Psychiatry Res 186:443-5. 2011b>Personality disorders (PD) and substance use disorders (SUD) lead to high violent criminality. The influence of co-morbidity on recidivism remains unclear. Recidivism of 379 offenders was assessed at 8 years of follow-up...
- Influence of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders on young adult personality disorderS Kasen
Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, USA
Am J Psychiatry 156:1529-35. 1999..This study examines associations between childhood psychopathology and young adult personality disorder in a random sample of 551 youths, who were 9 to 16 years old at first assessment...
- Interrater reliability and internal consistency of the structured clinical interview for DSM-IV axis II personality disorders (SCID-II), version 2.0C Maffei
Istituto Scientifico Ospedale San Raffaele, Department of Neuropsychiatric Sciences, University of Milan School of Medicine, Italy
J Pers Disord 11:279-84. 1997..98 for dimensional judgements (Intraclass correlation coefficient). Internal consistency coefficients were satisfactory (.71-.94). The results suggest that the SCID-II 2.0 has adequate interrater and internal consistency reliability...
- Personality traits in schizophrenia and related personality disordersKathryn M Camisa
Department of Psychology, Indiana University, 1011 E 10th Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
Psychiatry Res 133:23-33. 2005....
- The efficacy of various modalities of psychotherapy for personality disorders: a systematic review of the evidence and clinical recommendationsRoel Verheul
Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Int Rev Psychiatry 19:25-38. 2007..The focus is on studies which include a wide range of DSM-IV-TR Axis II personality disorders. The results show that various psychotherapeutic treatments have proven to be efficacious with respect to ..
- Personality disorders and unmet needs among psychiatric inpatientsMarianne Hayward
Health Services Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, United Kingdom
Psychiatr Serv 57:538-43. 2006This study sought to examine the association between unmet need and personality disorders in a sample of psychiatric inpatients...
- Quality of life and personality disorders in heroin abusersS Fassino
Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatric Institute, University of Turin, Via Cherasco 11, 10126 Torino, Italy
Drug Alcohol Depend 76:73-80. 2004The aim of this study is to describe the personality disorders (PD) and personality profile of heroin-abusers and their quality of life (QoL), and to investigate the correlation between the two.
- Divalproex in the treatment of impulsive aggression: efficacy in cluster B personality disordersEric Hollander
Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
Neuropsychopharmacology 28:1186-97. 2003..disorders), but was observed in both intent-to-treat and evaluable data sets for patients with Cluster B personality disorders. In the Cluster B evaluable data set, statistically significant treatment differences favoring divalproex ..
- Personality and eating disorders: a decade in reviewStephanie E Cassin
Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr N W, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4
Clin Psychol Rev 25:895-916. 2005..and EDs published within the past decade, and presents a meta-analysis evaluating the prevalence of personality disorders (PDs) in anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED) as assessed by self-..
- Delineating the structure of normal and abnormal personality: an integrative hierarchical approachKristian E Markon
Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 88:139-57. 2005..Potential directions for future research on personality and psychopathology are discussed...
- Comorbid Axis I and Axis II disorders in early adolescence: outcomes 20 years laterThomas N Crawford
Children in the Community Study, 100 Haven Ave, Ste 31F, New York, NY 10032, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:641-8. 2008Although Axis II personality disorders in adolescence have been linked to psychopathology and psychosocial impairment in early adulthood, little is known about their effects over longer periods.
- Self awareness and personality change in dementiaK P Rankin
University of California San Francisco Memory and Aging Center, CA 94143 1207, USA
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 76:632-9. 2005..However, self awareness of personality has not been quantified in these patient groups...
- Day treatment of patients with personality disorders: experiences from a Norwegian treatment research networkSigmund Karterud
Department for Personality Psychiatry, Psychiatric Division, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
J Pers Disord 17:243-62. 2003..Results from the University unit were not better than those from units at local hospitals or mental health centers...
- The heritability of cluster A personality disorders assessed by both personal interview and questionnaireKenneth S Kendler
Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Virginia of Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298 0126, USA
Psychol Med 37:655-65. 2007b>Personality disorders (PDs) as assessed by questionnaires and personal interviews are heritable...
- The economic burden of personality disorders in mental health careDjøra I Soeteman
Viersprong Institute for Studies on Personality Disorders, Halsteren, The Netherlands
J Clin Psychiatry 69:259-65. 2008Some evidence suggests that personality disorders are associated with a high economic burden due to, for example, a high demand on psychiatric, health, and social care services...
- Gender differences in the prevalence of symptom disorders and personality disorders among poly-substance abusers and pure alcoholics. Substance abusers treated in two counties in NorwayA S Landheim
Department of Substance Abuse, Sanderud Hospital, Oslo, Norway
Eur Addict Res 9:8-17. 2003..Gender differences in the prevalence of Axis I and II disorders in poly-substance abusers and pure alcoholics and between these two groups are explored...
- Social functioning of patients with personality disorder in secondary careGiles Newton-Howes
Department of Psychological Medicine, Imperial College, Exhibition Rd, London SW72AZ, United Kingdom
Psychiatr Serv 59:1033-7. 2008..This focus on axis I disorders can lead to overlooking patients' personality function. This study explored the social dysfunction associated with personality function and its severity within secondary care...
- Persistent social dysfunction in anxious and depressed patients with personality disorderH Seivewright
Department of Psychological Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
Acta Psychiatr Scand 109:104-9. 2004..To determine the long-term social function of psychiatric patients with anxiety and depressive disorders and to relate this to personality status and other factors...
- Continuity of axes I and II: toward a unified model of personality, personality disorders, and clinical disordersRobert F Krueger
Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, N414 Elliott Hall, 75 East River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455 0344, USA
J Pers Disord 19:233-61. 2005..the DSM-IV-TR (APA, 2000), mental disorders are divided into two groups: Clinical Disorders (CDs) and Personality Disorders (PDs), and CD and PD diagnoses are recorded on two separate axes (Axes I and II, respectively)...
- Personality disorders do not influence the results of cognitive and behavior therapy for obsessive compulsive disorderL Dreessen
Department of Medical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
J Anxiety Disord 11:503-21. 1997..The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R personality disorders (SCID-II) was taken before the start of treatment by an independent rater...
- Select comorbid personality disorders and the treatment of chronic depression with nefazodone, targeted psychotherapy, or their combinationRachel E Maddux
Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
J Affect Disord 117:174-9. 2009..The reasons for the poorer response, however, remain unclear. One potential factor is the presence of comorbid Axis II personality disorders (PDs), which occur at high rates among these patients.
- Long-term effects of transference interpretation in dynamic psychotherapy of personality disordersP Høglend
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oslo, P O Box 85, Vinderen, 0319 Oslo, Norway
Eur Psychiatry 26:419-24. 2011Only a few treatment studies of personality disorders (PD) patients are on longer-term psychotherapy, general outcome measures are used, and follow-up periods are usually short...
- Beliefs in personality disorders: a test with the personality disorder belief questionnaireArnoud Arntz
Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, NL 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
Behav Res Ther 42:1215-25. 2004..Another explanation is that many patients' position on the underlying dimensions is not high enough to lead to a DSM PD diagnosis, but high enough to lead to an elevated belief score...
- Effectiveness of treatment of childhood memories in cognitive therapy for personality disorders: a controlled study contrasting methods focusing on the present and methods focusing on childhood memoriesAnoek Weertman
Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
Behav Res Ther 45:2133-43. 2007..effective way to change personality disorder related schemas and psychopathology in cognitive therapy for personality disorders. To test this hypothesis, a crossover design was used to compare the effectiveness of methods focusing on ..
- Personality disorders in alcohol-dependent individuals: relationship with alcohol dependence severityU W Preuss
Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Martin Luther University of Halle Wittenberg, E 06097 Halle Saale, Germany
Eur Addict Res 15:188-95. 2009..Characteristics of AD were obtained using standardized structured interviews. Diagnoses of DSM-IV personality disorders (PDs) were generated with SCID-II-PQ and SCID-II interviews...
- Non-completion of personality disorder treatments: a systematic review of correlates, consequences, and interventionsMary McMurran
Institute of Mental Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Clin Psychol Rev 30:277-87. 2010..Only two studies of interventions specifically aimed at reducing non-completion were identified. Implications for clinical practice and research are discussed...
- Personality disorders and the 3-year course of alcohol, drug, and nicotine use disordersDeborah Hasin
Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, NY 10032, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 68:1158-67. 2011Little is known about the role of a broad range of personality disorders in the course of substance use disorder (SUD) and whether these differ by substance...
- Personality disorders among alcoholic outpatients: prevalence and course in treatmentEugenia Zikos
Department of Psychiatry, McGill University Health Centre, 1025 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Quebec
Can J Psychiatry 55:65-73. 2010To determine the prevalence of concurrent personality disorders (PDs) among alcoholic men and women seeking outpatient treatment, and to examine their effect on the course of alcohol treatment.
- Personality disorders among patients accessing alcohol detoxification treatment: prevalence and gender differencesRocco L Picci
Department of Mental Health, University of Torino San Luigi Gonzaga, Orbassano TO, Italy
Compr Psychiatry 53:355-63. 2012Alcohol abuse and dependence are frequently associated with psychiatric disorders and personality disorders (PDs) with differences among gender. However, only few studies investigated gender differences in PDs among alcoholics...
- Patients with addiction and personality disorder: Treatment outcomes and clinical implicationsLouisa Mc van den Bosch
Forensic Psychiatric Institute Oldenkotte, Rekken, The Netherlands
Curr Opin Psychiatry 20:67-71. 2007The present review examines the outcomes of treatments focusing on substance abuse, on personality disorders, and on both the foci simultaneously. Clinical guidelines for the treatment of dually diagnosed patients are described.
- Interrater reliability of Thai version of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders (T-SCID II)Tinakon Wongpakaran
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
J Med Assoc Thai 95:264-9. 2012Explore the interrater reliability of Thai version of Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders (T-SCID-II).
- Toward an integrative model of the spectrum of mood, behavioral and personality disorders based on fear and anger traits: II. Implications for neurobiology, genetics and psychopharmacological treatmentDiogo R Lara
Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul, Av Ipiranga, 6681, Pd 12A, Porto Alegre, RS 90619 900, Brazil
J Affect Disord 94:89-103. 2006..As a result, it is hypothesized that mood, behavioral and personality disorders share a neurobiological substrate according to combinations of fear and anger traits...
- Psychometric characteristics and clinical correlates of NEO-PI-R fearless dominance and impulsive antisociality in the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders StudyEdward A Witt
Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, 231Psychology Building, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Psychol Assess 22:559-68. 2010..Inventory-Revised (NEO-PI-R; Costa & McCrae, 1992) using data from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study (baseline N = 733)...
- The Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory II: stability over time? A seven-year follow-up study of substance abusers in treatmentEdle Ravndal
SERAF Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, Ulleval Hospital, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Eur Addict Res 16:146-51. 2010Measuring personality disorders among substance abusers may entail special problems related to the reliability and validity of the instruments...
- The children in the community study of developmental course of personality disorderPatricia Cohen
Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, USA
J Pers Disord 19:466-86. 2005..in the Community (CIC) Study is an ongoing investigation of the course of psychiatric disorders including personality disorders (PDs) in an epidemiological sample of about 800 youths...
- [Personality disorders in an institution for ambulatory mental health care. Prevalence, type and severity, treatment indication and drop out]C A Ten Kate
GGZ Duinen Bollenstreek Volwassenzorg, Postbus 3, 2215 ZG Voorhout, Netherlands
Tijdschr Psychiatr 49:597-609. 2007b>Personality disorders occur frequently. The presence of one or more personality disorders can influence the severity of the symptoms and can affect coping, treatment indication and drop out.
- Instability and discontinuous change in the experience of therapeutic interaction: an extended single-case study of psychodynamic therapy processesAntje Gumz
Department of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatic Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig
Psychother Res 20:398-412. 2010..Results indicate that the systematic inclusion of a measure of instability is worthwhile in investigations of discontinuous changes. This method allows the theoretical assumptions of the psychodynamic approach to be tested...
- Psychodynamic psychotherapy for personality disordersJohn M Oldham
Am J Psychiatry 164:1465-7. 2007
- Stability and change in personality pathology: revelations of three longitudinal studiesLee Anna Clark
Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, IA 52242 1407, USA
J Pers Disord 19:524-32; discussion 594-6. 2005..stable as the characteristic traits that underlie personality pathology, leading to the insight that DSM personality disorders are hybrids of more acute, "Axis I-like" symptoms that resolve more quickly and longer lasting affective, ..
- Commitment under pressure: experienced therapists' inner work during difficult therapeutic impassesChristian Moltu
Helse Forde Psychiatric Clinic, Forde, Norway
Psychother Res 20:309-20. 2010..The participants' inner work on the two latter categories is identified as a key to the successful resolution of impasses...
- Personality disorders among alcohol-dependent patients manifesting or not manifesting cocaine abuse: a comparative pilot studyEnrique Echeburua
Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad del Pais Vasco, 20018 San Sebastian, Spain
Subst Use Misuse 44:981-9. 2009This study assessed personality disorders (PDs) in 158 alcohol-dependent outpatients (62 manifesting cocaine abuse and 96 without cocaine abuse) with the International Personality Disorders Examination interview between 2003 and 2006...
- Randomized, controlled trial of the effectiveness of short-term dynamic psychotherapy and cognitive therapy for cluster C personality disordersMartin Svartberg
Department of Psychiatry, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
Am J Psychiatry 161:810-7. 2004This study compared the effectiveness of short-term dynamic psychotherapy and cognitive therapy for outpatients with cluster C personality disorders.
- Effectiveness of different modalities of psychotherapeutic treatment for patients with cluster C personality disorders: results of a large prospective multicentre studyAnna Bartak
Viersprong Institute for Studies on Personality Disorders VISPD, Halsteren, The Netherlands
Psychother Psychosom 79:20-30. 2010..psychotherapeutic treatment, as defined by different settings and durations, for patients with cluster C personality disorders. The aim of this multicentre study was to compare the effectiveness of 5 treatment modalities for patients ..
- Word use of outpatients with a personality disorder and concurrent or previous major depressive disorderMarc L Molendijk
Leiden University, The Netherlands
Behav Res Ther 48:44-51. 2010..We conclude that the negative content and self-focus of written essays and high levels of discrepancy reflect a negative thinking style that is common to a range of psychiatric disorders rather than being specific to depression...
- Psychotherapy for personality disorders: short-term day hospital psychotherapy versus outpatient individual therapy - a randomized controlled studyEspen Arnevik
Department for Personality Psychiatry, Ulleval University Hospital, 0407 Oslo, Norway
Eur Psychiatry 24:71-8. 2009..day hospital psychotherapy (DHP) compared with outpatient individual psychotherapy (OIP) for patients with personality disorders (N=114)...
- A meta-analysis of the prevalence and usage of the personality disorder not otherwise specified (PDNOS) diagnosisRoel Verheul
The Viersprong Institute for Studies on Personality Disorders, Center of Psychotherapy De Viersprong, Halsteren, The Netherlands
J Pers Disord 18:309-19. 2004..A meta-analysis is reported of 51 studies reporting separate rates for the overall prevalence of specific personality disorders and PDNOS...
- Premorbid personality disorders in schizophreniaJ J Rodriguez Solano
Mental Health Service, Colmenar Viejo, Madrid, Spain
Schizophr Res 44:137-44. 2000Premorbid personality disorders (PD) were studied retrospectively in 40 schizophrenic patients by interviewing the parents and patients who were reliable with the SCID-II. 85% of the patients had premorbid PDs...
- Comparison of brief dynamic and cognitive-behavioural therapies in avoidant personality disorderPaul M G Emmelkamp
Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Br J Psychiatry 189:60-4. 2006There is a paucity of controlled trials examining the effectiveness of individual psychotherapy in personality disorders, especially in patients with cluster C disorders.
- Self-esteem in patients with borderline and avoidant personality disordersL I Lynum
Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
Scand J Psychol 49:469-77. 2008..Patients diagnosed with one or more personality disorders answered the questionnaire Index of Self Esteem as part of a comprehensive evaluation within the setting ..
- Attitudes of staff towards patients with personality disorder in community mental health teamsGiles Newton-Howes
Department of Psychological Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 42:572-7. 2008..The purpose of the present paper was to assess the attitudes of clinicians working with personality disordered patients...
- Cost-effectiveness of psychotherapy for cluster C personality disorders: a decision-analytic model in the NetherlandsDjøra I Soeteman
Viersprong Institute for Studies on Personality Disorders VISPD, PO Box 7, 4660 AA Halsteren, The Netherlands
J Clin Psychiatry 72:51-9. 2011To conduct a formal economic evaluation of various dosages of psychotherapy for patients with avoidant, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive (ie, cluster C) personality disorders (Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality criteria).
- Co-occurrence of avoidant personality disorder and child sexual abuse predicts poor outcome in long-standing eating disorderKarianne R Vrabel
Research Institute, Modum Bad Psychiatric Center, Vikersund, Norway
J Abnorm Psychol 119:623-9. 2010..These results suggest that eating disorder, avoidant personality disorder, and sequelae after child sexual abuse are potential targets for treatment that need further investigation...
- Outpatient group psychotherapy following day treatment for patients with personality disordersTheresa Wilberg
Department for Personality Disorders, Drug Addiction, and Liaison Psychiatry, Psychiatric Division, Ulleval University Hospital, 0407 Oslo, Norway
J Pers Disord 17:510-21. 2003..and effectiveness of an outpatient group therapy program following day treatment for patients with personality disorders (PDs)...
- An exploratory study of the relationship between diverse life events and specific personality disorders in a sample of suicide attemptersHilario Blasco-Fontecilla
Department of Psychiatry, Fundacion Jimenez Diaz, Avenida de los Reyes Catolicos 2, Madrid, Spain
J Pers Disord 24:773-84. 2010..Some LE-PD relationships appear independent of Axis I disorders in suicide attempters. This may offer a basis for specific targeted therapies or prevention programs aimed at decreasing suicidal risk...
- Early alliance, alliance ruptures, and symptom change in a nonrandomized trial of cognitive therapy for avoidant and obsessive-compulsive personality disordersJennifer L Strauss
Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
J Consult Clin Psychol 74:337-45. 2006..or obsessive-compulsive personality disorder who enrolled in an open trial of cognitive therapy for personality disorders. Treatment consisted of up to 52 weekly sessions...
- The Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study (CLPS): overview and implicationsAndrew E Skodol
New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, NY 10032, USA
J Pers Disord 19:487-504. 2005The Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study (CLPS; Gunderson et al., 2000) was developed to fill gaps in our understanding of the nature, course, and impact of personality disorders (PDs)...
- The ADP-IV questionnaire: differential validity and concordance with the semi-structured interviewChris K W Schotte
UZA, University Hospital Antwerp, Department of Psychiatry, and CAPRI, Collaborative Antwerp Psychiatric Research Institute, University of Antwerp, Belgium
J Pers Disord 18:405-19. 2004The Assessment of DSM-IV Personality Disorders questionnaire (ADP-IV) is a self-report measure of the DSM-IV Axis II personality disorders (PDs)...
- Cost-effectiveness of psychotherapy for cluster B personality disordersDjøra I Soeteman
Department of Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Br J Psychiatry 196:396-403. 2010..Recommendations on current clinical guidelines are informed by limited economic evidence...
- The relationship between five-factor personality measurements and ICD-10 personality disorder dimensions: results from a sample of 229 subjectsP Brieger
University Hospital for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Martin Luther Universitat Halle Wittenberg, Halle Saale, Germany
J Pers Disord 14:282-90. 2000This article examines the relationship between the five-factor model (FFM) and dimensional ICD-10 personality disorders. In a follow-up study of a child and adolescent psychiatric cohort, former patients and controls were assessed with ..
- The therapeutic alliance in the treatment of personality disordersDonna S Bender
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, and Department of Personality Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
J Psychiatr Pract 11:73-87. 2005Because personality disorders are associated with significant impairment in interpersonal relationships, special issues and problems arise in the formation of a therapeutic alliance in the treatment of patients with these disorders...
- Novel applications of social-personality measures to the study of dementiaP Mychack
University of California, San Francisco, Memory and Aging Center, Department of Neurology, San Francisco, CA 94143 1207, USA
Neurocase 7:131-43. 2001....
- Association of personality disorders, family conflicts and treatment with quality of life in opiate addictionA Karow
Department of Psychiatry und Psychotherapy, University Hospital Hamburg Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany
Eur Addict Res 14:38-46. 2008..Our hypotheses were that drug use, comorbid personality disorders and social problems are associated with worse QOL...
- Psychosocial impairment and treatment utilization by patients with borderline personality disorder, other personality disorders, mood and anxiety disorders, and a healthy comparison groupEmily B Ansell
Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06519, USA
Compr Psychiatry 48:329-36. 2007..These findings indicate that BPD as well as other personality disorders are a source of considerable psychologic distress and functional impairment equivalent to, and at times ..
- Stability of functional impairment in patients with schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, or obsessive-compulsive personality disorder over two yearsAndrew E Skodol
New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
Psychol Med 35:443-51. 2005....
- Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire data on alcoholic violent offenders: specific connections to severe impulsive cluster B personality disorders and violent criminalityRoope Tikkanen
Department of Psychiatry, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
BMC Psychiatry 7:36. 2007..currently re-evaluated from a continuous perspective, and the evolving DSM-V classification may describe personality disorders dimensionally...
- Synthesizing dimensional and categorical approaches to personality disorders: refining the research agenda for DSM-V Axis IIRobert F Krueger
University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN, USA
Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 16:S65-73. 2007..utility of dimensional approaches to diagnosis, signaling the need to consider a dimensional approach for personality disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V)...
- Prospective assessment of treatment use by patients with personality disordersDonna S Bender
Department of Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, New York 10032, USA
Psychiatr Serv 57:254-7. 2006..of mental health treatments over a three-year period among patients with schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, or obsessive-compulsive personality disorders compared with patients with major depressive disorder and no personality disorder.
- Do comorbid personality disorders moderate panic-focused psychotherapy? An exploratory examination of the American Psychiatric Association practice guidelineBarbara L Milrod
Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
J Clin Psychiatry 68:885-91. 2007..for panic disorder recommends psychodynamic psychotherapy for panic disorder patients with comorbid personality disorders. No data underlie this recommendation...
- Dissociative disorders among adults in the community, impaired functioning, and axis I and II comorbidityJeffrey G Johnson
Columbia University and the New York State Psychiatric Institute, Box 47, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
J Psychiatr Res 40:131-40. 2006To investigate the association of dissociative disorder (DD) with impaired functioning and co-occurring Axis I and personality disorders among adults in the community.
- Bipolar obsessive-compulsive disorder and personality disordersGiuseppe Maina
Department of Neuroscience, Anxiety and Mood Disorders Unit, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
Bipolar Disord 9:722-9. 2007..The aim of the present study was to explore the comorbidity of personality disorders in a group of patients with OCD and comorbid bipolar disorder (BD).
- A Delphi survey of the views of adult male patients with personality disorders on psychoeducation and social problem-solving therapyMary McMurran
School of Community Health Sciences, Division of Psychiatry, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
Crim Behav Ment Health 17:293-9. 2007Psychoeducation and social problem-solving therapy are treatment components that work well in tandem for offenders with personality disorders, hence it is worthwhile to maintain and improve their effectiveness.
- Personality traits distinguishing dementia with Lewy bodies from Alzheimer diseaseJames E Galvin
Alzheimer Disease Research Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
Neurology 68:1895-901. 2007..To identify personality traits that distinguish dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) from Alzheimer disease (AD)...
- FACTORS AFFECTING THE ACCURACY OF PERSONALITY JUDGEMENTDAVID FUNDER; Fiscal Year: 2002..From the client's perspective, many problems in living and several of the major personality disorders are directly relevant to or even stem directly from deficiencies in the accuracy of social perception...
- Bupropion VS Placebo to Treat Pathological GamblingDonald Black; Fiscal Year: 2004..assessments will include the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders, the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale Modified for PG (YBOCS-PG), the Hollingshead Scale, the NORC ..
- 5HTT and 5-HT2A Receptors in Impulsive Aggression and Effects of FluoxetineLarry J Siever; Fiscal Year: 2010..receptor binding of [11C] MDL100907 in the orbital frontal cortex in 60 patients with impulsive aggressive personality disorders with current physical aggression at baseline prior to a twelve week treatment trial of fluoxetine or ..
- Predictors of Treatment Response Relapse and Recurrence in Major DepressionW Edward Craighead; Fiscal Year: 2010..In view of advances in functional brain imaging, molecular and cellular neurobiology, genetics, and personality disorders and a number of promising findings in small studies, it is propitious to conduct studies to determine ..
- Predictors of Treatment Response Relapse and Recurrence in Major DepressionW Craighead; Fiscal Year: 2009..In view of advances in functional brain imaging, molecular and cellular neurobiology, genetics, and personality disorders and a number of promising findings in small studies, it is propitious to conduct studies to determine ..
- Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline PersonalityUlrike Feske; Fiscal Year: 2009..of BPD covaries with substance use and risky sex beyond the variance accounted for by co-occurring personality disorders and major depression; 2) ECF capacity mediates the association between BPD and judgment of risk associated ..
- Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline PersonalityULRIKE NONE FESKE; Fiscal Year: 2010..of BPD covaries with substance use and risky sex beyond the variance accounted for by co-occurring personality disorders and major depression;2) ECF capacity mediates the association between BPD and judgment of risk associated ..
- Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline PersonalityUlrike Feske; Fiscal Year: 2007..of BPD covaries with substance use and risky sex beyond the variance accounted for by co-occurring personality disorders and major depression; 2) ECF capacity mediates the association between BPD and judgment of risk associated ..
- Addiction and Subsequent Schizophrenia: A Link?Serge Sevy; Fiscal Year: 2007..to examine the association between decision-making and variables such as gender, conduct and antisocial personality disorders, impulse control disorders, and symptom dimensions...
- A Cognitive Group Treatment for Borderline OutpatientsDonald Black; Fiscal Year: 2005..Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines (DIB-R) and relevant sections of the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders (SIDP-IV)...
- HARVARD BROWN ANXIETY RESEARCH PROJECTMartin Keller; Fiscal Year: 2002..2) examine predictors/mediating variables, such as stressful life events, depression, substance abuse, and personality disorders, associated with the course of anxiety disorders; describe medication received and investigate the ..
- Integrating Process and Structure in PersonalityWilliam Fleeson; Fiscal Year: 2007..b>Personality disorders such as borderline or histrionic may be characterized by unmanageably high variability whereas others such ..
- Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disordersGeraldine Downey; Fiscal Year: 2007..cope in self-defeating ways, extreme forms of which are captured in Borderline (BPD) and Avoidant (APD) Personality Disorders. BPD is characterized by volatile relationships involving angry, impulsive and self-injurious reactions to ..
- Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disordersGERALDINE A DOWNEY; Fiscal Year: 2010..cope in self-defeating ways, extreme forms of which are captured in Borderline (BPD) and Avoidant (APD) Personality Disorders. BPD is characterized by volatile relationships involving angry, impulsive and self-injurious reactions to ..
- Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disordersGeraldine Downey; Fiscal Year: 2009..cope in self-defeating ways, extreme forms of which are captured in Borderline (BPD) and Avoidant (APD) Personality Disorders. BPD is characterized by volatile relationships involving angry, impulsive and self-injurious reactions to ..
- Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disordersGERALDINE A DOWNEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
- Neural Substrates of Emotion in Borderline PatientsErin Hazlett; Fiscal Year: 2007..in three rigorously screened groups: 26 BPD patients (with no comorbid Axis I disorder or Cluster A or C personality disorders), 26 non-BPD patients (with a diagnosis of schizotypal personality disorder and no comorbid Cluster B or C ..
- Impulsivity, Neural Deficits, and Cocaine RelapseBryon Adinoff; Fiscal Year: 2007..including substance use, eating, gambling, bipolar, attention deficit, antisocial and borderline personality disorders, and may explain the common co-occurrence of these disorders and their high rates of relapse...
- Impulsivity, Neural Deficits, and Cocaine RelapseBRYON H ADINOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010..including substance use, eating, gambling, bipolar, attention deficit, antisocial and borderline personality disorders, and may explain the common co-occurrence of these disorders and their high rates of relapse...
- Comparing Alternative Dimensional Approaches to Personality DiagnosisDrew Westen; Fiscal Year: 2009Although personality disorders (PDs) and subthreshold personality pathology are increasingly implicated as diatheses and moderators of treatment response for many Axis I disorders, researchers have identified a number of problems that ..
- Comparing Alternative Dimensional Approaches to Personality DiagnosisDrew Westen; Fiscal Year: 2007Although personality disorders (PDs) and subthreshold personality pathology are increasingly implicated as diatheses and moderators of treatment response for many Axis I disorders, researchers have identified a number of problems that ..
- DEVELOPMENT OF ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY DISORDERSRolf Loeber; Fiscal Year: 1999..In secondary analyses, we will also examine a broad range of developmental outcomes of children with disruptive behavior disorders who do not develop Antisocial Personality. ..
- M-CPP/PET IN IMPULSIVE PERSONALITY DISORDERSLarry Siever; Fiscal Year: 2001..as temporal and cingulate cortex (secondary hypotheses) are blunted in patients with impulsive/aggressive personality disorders. These studies build on a body of evidence that reduced serotonergic activity as reflected in reduced ..
- Axis I & Axis II Psychiatric Disorders in Norwegian TwinKenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2007..b>Personality disorders (PDs) aggregate in families, and existing twin studies suggest this familial aggregation is due partly to ..
- MEDICATED & UNMEDICATED ADHD BOYS AT MIDLIFE (35 TO 45)Jan Loney; Fiscal Year: 2005..functioning and to answer questions about selected adult psychiatric outcomes: adult/residual ADHD, personality disorders (e.g...