personality disorders

Summary

Summary: A major deviation from normal patterns of behavior.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Functional impairment in patients with schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, or obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
    Andrew E Skodol
    Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study
    Am J Psychiatry 159:276-83. 2002
  2. pmc Delineating the structure of normal and abnormal personality: an integrative hierarchical approach
    Kristian E Markon
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 88:139-57. 2005
  3. ncbi Proposed changes in personality and personality disorder assessment and diagnosis for DSM-5 Part I: Description and rationale
    Andrew E Skodol
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Tucson, USA
    Personal Disord 2:4-22. 2011
  4. ncbi The comorbidity of bipolar disorder and axis II personality disorders: prevalence and clinical correlates
    Elizabeth L George
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Bipolar Disord 5:115-22. 2003
  5. ncbi Personality and eating disorders: a decade in review
    Stephanie E Cassin
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr N W, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4
    Clin Psychol Rev 25:895-916. 2005
  6. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of psychotherapy for cluster B personality disorders
    Djøra I Soeteman
    Department of Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Br J Psychiatry 196:396-403. 2010
  7. ncbi Etiologic connections among substance dependence, antisocial behavior, and personality: modeling the externalizing spectrum
    Robert F Krueger
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455 0344, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 111:411-24. 2002
  8. ncbi Frequency of comorbid personality disorders in bipolar and unipolar affective disorders
    Peter Brieger
    University Hospital for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg, Halle Saale, Germany
    Compr Psychiatry 44:28-34. 2003
  9. pmc A meta-analytic review of the relationships between the five-factor model and DSM-IV-TR personality disorders: a facet level analysis
    Douglas B Samuel
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, United States
    Clin Psychol Rev 28:1326-42. 2008
  10. pmc Ten-year course of borderline personality disorder: psychopathology and function from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders study
    John G Gunderson
    McLean Hospital, 115 Mill St, Belmont, MA 02478, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 68:827-37. 2011

Detail Information

Publications376 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Functional impairment in patients with schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, or obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
    Andrew E Skodol
    Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study
    Am J Psychiatry 159:276-83. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare psychosocial functioning in patients with schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, or obsessive-compulsive personality disorder and patients with major depressive disorder and no personality disorder...
  2. pmc Delineating the structure of normal and abnormal personality: an integrative hierarchical approach
    Kristian E Markon
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 88:139-57. 2005
    ..Potential directions for future research on personality and psychopathology are discussed...
  3. ncbi Proposed changes in personality and personality disorder assessment and diagnosis for DSM-5 Part I: Description and rationale
    Andrew E Skodol
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Tucson, USA
    Personal Disord 2:4-22. 2011
    ..In Part II, we will illustrate the clinical application of the model with vignettes of patients with varying degrees of personality psychopathology, to show how assessments might be conducted and diagnoses reached...
  4. ncbi The comorbidity of bipolar disorder and axis II personality disorders: prevalence and clinical correlates
    Elizabeth L George
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Bipolar Disord 5:115-22. 2003
    Many studies have examined the prevalence and predictive validity of axis II personality disorders among unipolar depressed patients, but few have examined these issues among bipolar patients...
  5. ncbi Personality and eating disorders: a decade in review
    Stephanie E Cassin
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr N W, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4
    Clin Psychol Rev 25:895-916. 2005
    ..and EDs published within the past decade, and presents a meta-analysis evaluating the prevalence of personality disorders (PDs) in anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED) as assessed by self-..
  6. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of psychotherapy for cluster B personality disorders
    Djøra I Soeteman
    Department of Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Br J Psychiatry 196:396-403. 2010
    ..Recommendations on current clinical guidelines are informed by limited economic evidence...
  7. ncbi Etiologic connections among substance dependence, antisocial behavior, and personality: modeling the externalizing spectrum
    Robert F Krueger
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455 0344, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 111:411-24. 2002
    ..These results reconcile evidence for general and specific causal factors within the externalizing spectrum and offer the externalizing factor as a novel target for future research...
  8. ncbi Frequency of comorbid personality disorders in bipolar and unipolar affective disorders
    Peter Brieger
    University Hospital for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg, Halle Saale, Germany
    Compr Psychiatry 44:28-34. 2003
    One expression of the complex relationship between personality and affective disorder is the comorbidity of personality disorders (PDs) with affective disorders...
  9. pmc A meta-analytic review of the relationships between the five-factor model and DSM-IV-TR personality disorders: a facet level analysis
    Douglas B Samuel
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, United States
    Clin Psychol Rev 28:1326-42. 2008
    Theory and research have suggested that the personality disorders contained within the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) can be understood as maladaptive variants of the ..
  10. pmc Ten-year course of borderline personality disorder: psychopathology and function from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders study
    John G Gunderson
    McLean Hospital, 115 Mill St, Belmont, MA 02478, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 68:827-37. 2011
    ..Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is traditionally considered chronic and intractable...
  11. pmc DSM-IV personality disorders in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
    Yueqin Huang
    Institute of Mental Health, Peking University, Beijing, China
    Br J Psychiatry 195:46-53. 2009
    Little is known about the cross-national population prevalence or correlates of personality disorders.
  12. ncbi Personality disorder types proposed for DSM-5
    Andrew E Skodol
    University of Arizona College of Medicine and Sunbelt Collaborative, 6340 N Campbell Ave, Tucson, AZ 85718, USA
    J Pers Disord 25:136-69. 2011
    The Personality and Personality Disorders Work Group has proposed five specific personality disorder (PD) types for DSM-5, to be rated on a dimension of fit: antisocial/psychopathic, avoidant, borderline, obsessive-compulsive, and ..
  13. ncbi Short-interval test-retest interrater reliability of the Dutch version of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV personality disorders (SCID-II)
    Anoek Weertman
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Pers Disord 17:562-7. 2003
    ..of the Structured Clinical Interview (SCID-II: First, Spitzer, Gibbon, & Williams, 1995) for DSM-IV personality disorders (PDs). The SCID-II was administered to 69 in- and outpatients on two occasions separated by 1 to 6 weeks...
  14. pmc Personality features and personality disorders in chronic fatigue syndrome: a population-based study
    Urs M Nater
    Chronic Viral Diseases Branch, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Psychother Psychosom 79:312-8. 2010
    ..Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) presents unique diagnostic and management challenges. Personality may be a risk factor for CFS and may contribute to the maintenance of the illness...
  15. pmc Change is not always linear: the study of nonlinear and discontinuous patterns of change in psychotherapy
    Adele M Hayes
    University of Delaware, DE, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 27:715-23. 2007
    ..We describe recent applications of these ideas and methods to the study of change in psychotherapy and encourage their use to complement more traditional clinical trial designs...
  16. ncbi Validity of the Type D personality construct in Danish post-MI patients and healthy controls
    Susanne S Pedersen
    Medical Psychology, Department of Psychology and Health, Tilburg University, Warandelaan 2, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    J Psychosom Res 57:265-72. 2004
    ....
  17. ncbi The Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study: reliability of axis I and II diagnoses
    M C Zanarini
    Harvard Medical School and McLean Hospital, 115 Mill Street, Belmont, MA 02478, USA
    J Pers Disord 14:291-9. 2000
    ..Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I) and the Diagnostic Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders (DIPD-IV). Fair-good median interrater kappa (.40-...
  18. ncbi Temperament, character, and personality disorders
    S M de la Rie
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
    J Pers Disord 12:362-72. 1998
    ..of the TCI, and to examine the relationship between temperament, character (as measured by the TCI), and personality disorders (as measured by the VKP). The Dutch TCI has a good internal consistency. Some scales do intercorrelate...
  19. ncbi The prevalence of personality disorders in a community sample
    S Torgersen
    Department of Psychology, Oslo University, PO Box 1039, Blindern, N 0315 Oslo, Norway
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 58:590-6. 2001
    To our knowledge, no previous studies of personality disorders (PDs) in a large representative sample of the common population have been conducted.
  20. ncbi Traits associated with personality disorders and adjustment to military life: predictive validity of self and peer reports
    Edna R Fiedler
    Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland Air Force Base, TX 78236 5300, USA
    Mil Med 169:207-11. 2004
    This study demonstrated that traits and features associated with several types of personality disorders are related to work performance and the ability to conform to requirements of military life...
  21. ncbi Standardised Assessment of Personality - Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS): preliminary validation of a brief screen for personality disorder
    Paul Moran
    Health Services Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 183:228-32. 2003
    There is a need for a brief and simple screen for personality disorders that can be used in routine psychiatric assessments.
  22. ncbi Personality and risk-taking: common biosocial factors
    M Zuckerman
    Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark 19716 2577, USA
    J Pers 68:999-1029. 2000
    ..Comparative studies show relationships between biological markers shared with other species and correlated behaviors similar to sensation seeking in humans. A biosocial model of the traits underlying risk-taking is presented...
  23. ncbi Temperament, character, and personality disorders: etiologic, diagnostic, treatment issues
    D M Svrakic
    Department of Psychiatry and Center for Psychobiology of Personality, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 106:189-95. 2002
    ....
  24. ncbi Day treatment for personality disorders: a review of research findings
    J S Ogrodniczuk
    Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, 2250 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W6, Canada
    Harv Rev Psychiatry 9:105-17. 2001
    Day treatment, a form of partial hospitalization, may have unique advantages in the care of patients with personality disorders. It appears to offer a favorable level of intensiveness and containment, thus facilitating treatment of the ..
  25. ncbi Reliability and validity of the borderline personality disorder severity index
    Arnoud Arntz
    Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Pers Disord 17:45-59. 2003
    ..In study 1, patients with BPD (n = 15), with other personality disorders (PD; n = 18), and without Axis II disorders (but with Axis I disorders; n = 10) assessed with the SCID ..
  26. ncbi Integrating normal and abnormal personality structure: a proposal for DSM-V
    Thomas A Widiger
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, USA
    J Pers Disord 25:338-63. 2011
    The personality disorders section of the American Psychiatric Association's fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) is currently being developed...
  27. ncbi The burden of disease in personality disorders: diagnosis-specific quality of life
    Djøra I Soeteman
    Viersprong Institute for Studies on Personality Disorders VISPD, AA Halsteren, The Netherlands
    J Pers Disord 22:259-68. 2008
    ..quality of life measure was used to investigate the burden of disease in a large sample of patients with personality disorders. The 1,708 subjects included in this study were recruited from six different mental health care institutes ..
  28. ncbi Transference interpretations in dynamic psychotherapy: do they really yield sustained effects?
    Per Høglend
    Department of Psychiatry, Vinderen, University of Oslo, PO Box 85, Vinderen, N 0319 Oslo, Norway
    Am J Psychiatry 165:763-71. 2008
    ..Transference interpretation has remained a core ingredient in the psychodynamic tradition, despite limited empirical evidence for its effectiveness. In this study, the authors examined long-term effects of transference interpretations...
  29. ncbi Empathy and social problem solving in alcohol dependence, mood disorders and selected personality disorders
    Patrizia Thoma
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Neuropsychology, Ruhr University Bochum, Universitatsstrase 150, D 44780 Bochum, Germany
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 37:448-70. 2013
    ..of impaired empathy and social problem solving skills in alcohol dependence, mood disorders and selected personality disorders (borderline, narcissistic, antisocial personality disorders/psychopathy), which have until now received ..
  30. pmc Self awareness and personality change in dementia
    K P Rankin
    University of California San Francisco Memory and Aging Center, CA 94143 1207, USA
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 76:632-9. 2005
    ..However, self awareness of personality has not been quantified in these patient groups...
  31. ncbi Personality disorders in 545 patients with eating disorders
    Kristine Godt
    Eating Disorders Centre, University Hospital of Aarhus, Psychiatric Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Denmark
    Eur Eat Disord Rev 16:94-9. 2008
    Previous research on the prevalence of personality disorders in patients with eating disorders varies greatly in findings, but a general understanding seem to exist that personality disorders are rather common among eating-disordered ..
  32. ncbi Temperament and character personality profiles and personality disorders in chronic pain patients
    Rupert Conrad
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Bonn, Sigmund Freud Str 25, 53105 Bonn, Germany
    Pain 133:197-209. 2007
    ..8% of CPPs. The TCI provides further insight into the mechanisms underlying the development of chronic pain. This useful diagnostic instrument helps to economically and validly facilitate the identification of core PD features...
  33. ncbi Plate tectonics in the classification of personality disorder: shifting to a dimensional model
    Thomas A Widiger
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Am Psychol 62:71-83. 2007
    ....
  34. ncbi Mental disorder and violence: personality dimensions and clinical features
    Paul G Nestor
    Psychiatry 116A, Brockton VAMC, 940 Belmont Street, Brockton, MA 02301, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1973-8. 2002
    ..This review examines the role of personality dimensions in the greater rates of violence that have now been established to accompany certain classes of mental disorders...
  35. ncbi Personality and substance dependence symptoms: modeling substance-specific traits
    Emily R Grekin
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 20:415-24. 2006
    ..In addition, several personality traits were differentially associated with alcohol, drug, and tobacco symptomatology...
  36. ncbi Evaluation of DSM-IV personality disorder criteria as assessed by the structured clinical interview for DSM-IV personality disorders
    Richard F Farmer
    Department of Psychology, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 43:285-300. 2002
    ..of DSM-IV personality disorder (PD) criteria as assessed by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders (SCID-II)...
  37. pmc The Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study (CLPS): overview and implications
    Andrew E Skodol
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, NY 10032, USA
    J Pers Disord 19:487-504. 2005
    The Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study (CLPS; Gunderson et al., 2000) was developed to fill gaps in our understanding of the nature, course, and impact of personality disorders (PDs)...
  38. ncbi Psychotherapy for personality disorders: short-term day hospital psychotherapy versus outpatient individual therapy - a randomized controlled study
    Espen Arnevik
    Department for Personality Psychiatry, Ulleval University Hospital, 0407 Oslo, Norway
    Eur Psychiatry 24:71-8. 2009
    ..day hospital psychotherapy (DHP) compared with outpatient individual psychotherapy (OIP) for patients with personality disorders (N=114)...
  39. ncbi Long-term effects of transference interpretation in dynamic psychotherapy of personality disorders
    P Høglend
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oslo, P O Box 85, Vinderen, 0319 Oslo, Norway
    Eur Psychiatry 26:419-24. 2011
    Only a few treatment studies of personality disorders (PD) patients are on longer-term psychotherapy, general outcome measures are used, and follow-up periods are usually short...
  40. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of psychotherapy for cluster C personality disorders: a decision-analytic model in the Netherlands
    Djøra I Soeteman
    Viersprong Institute for Studies on Personality Disorders VISPD, PO Box 7, 4660 AA Halsteren, The Netherlands
    J Clin Psychiatry 72:51-9. 2011
    To conduct a formal economic evaluation of various dosages of psychotherapy for patients with avoidant, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive (ie, cluster C) personality disorders (Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality criteria).
  41. ncbi The impact of personality disorders on treatment outcome of anxiety disorders: best-evidence synthesis
    L Dreessen
    Department of Medical Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 36:483-504. 1998
    Thirty-five studies were traced addressing the impact of comorbid personality disorders on treatment outcome of anxiety disorders. The conclusions of this review are based on the best-evidence procedure...
  42. ncbi Personality disorders among patients accessing alcohol detoxification treatment: prevalence and gender differences
    Rocco L Picci
    Department of Mental Health, University of Torino San Luigi Gonzaga, Orbassano TO, Italy
    Compr Psychiatry 53:355-63. 2012
    Alcohol abuse and dependence are frequently associated with psychiatric disorders and personality disorders (PDs) with differences among gender. However, only few studies investigated gender differences in PDs among alcoholics...
  43. ncbi Personality disorders: epidemiology and public health issues
    Jack Samuels
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Int Rev Psychiatry 23:223-33. 2011
    ..Community studies conducted over the past decade have greatly increased our knowledge of the epidemiology of personality disorders. Here, we review the prevalence, distribution, and consequences of personality disorders, and potential ..
  44. ncbi Effectiveness of pharmacotherapy for severe personality disorders: meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials
    Theo Ingenhoven
    Treatment Center for Personality Disorders, Symfora group, Centers for Mental Healthcare, Amersfoort, The Netherlands
    J Clin Psychiatry 71:14-25. 2010
    ..There has been little systematic attempt to validate current pharmacologic treatment algorithms and guidelines for severe personality disorder...
  45. ncbi Personality traits in multiple sclerosis: association with mood and anxiety disorders
    Jared M Bruce
    University of Missouri Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110, USA
    J Psychosom Res 70:479-85. 2011
    ..Several studies also document personality differences between MS patients and controls. Few studies, however, have examined the relationship between mood/anxiety and core personality traits in MS...
  46. pmc Personality disorders and physical health: a longitudinal examination of physical functioning, healthcare utilization, and health-related behaviors in middle-aged adults
    Abigail D Powers
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, 1 Brookings Drive, Campus Box 1125, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Pers Disord 26:524-38. 2012
    b>Personality disorders (PDs) have significant, long-term effects in many areas, including physical health outcomes such as increased risk for chronic disease and mortality...
  47. ncbi Using the five-factor model to identify a new personality disorder domain: the case for experiential permeability
    Ralph L Piedmont
    Department of Pastoral Counseling, Loyola College in Maryland, Columbia, MD 21093, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 96:1245-58. 2009
    ..Theoretical implications of the EPI are discussed...
  48. ncbi Personality disorders in DSM-5
    Andrew E Skodol
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona 85724, USA
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 8:317-44. 2012
    ..revisions for the major diagnostic classes of mental disorders, an article on the current status of the personality disorders (PDs) is timely...
  49. ncbi Characterizing affective instability in borderline personality disorder
    Harold W Koenigsberg
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:784-8. 2002
    ..The authors also examined the subjective intensity with which moods are experienced and the association between instability and intensity of affect...
  50. ncbi Personality disorders and autism spectrum disorders: what are the connections?
    Tove Lugnegård
    Department of Adult Habilitation, Central Hospital, Karlstad, Sweden
    Compr Psychiatry 53:333-40. 2012
    The relationship between autism spectrum disorders/pervasive developmental disorders and personality disorders is not completely clear, although both concepts imply lifelong impairment...
  51. ncbi The brain's emotional foundations of human personality and the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales
    Kenneth L Davis
    Department of Psychology, The University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223 0001, USA
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 35:1946-58. 2011
    ..Links with ontogenetic and epigenetic models of personality development are also presented. Potential novel clinical applications of the CARE maternal-nurturance system and the PLAY system are also discussed...
  52. ncbi Personality disorder and the outcome of depression: meta-analysis of published studies
    Giles Newton-Howes
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Division of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Imperial College London, St Dunstan s Road, London W6 8RP, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 188:13-20. 2006
    ..There is conflicting evidence about the influence of personality disorder on outcome in depressive disorders...
  53. pmc The interpersonal problems of the socially avoidant: self and peer shared variance
    Thomas L Rodebaugh
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, 63130, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 119:331-40. 2010
    ..equation modeling, focusing on avoidant personality disorder traits as well as those of two comparison personality disorders (dependent and narcissistic)...
  54. ncbi Personality disorders and mood disorders: perspectives on diagnosis and classification from studies of longitudinal course and familial associations
    Andrew E Skodol
    Sunbelt Collaborative, Tucson, AZ 85718, USA
    J Pers Disord 24:83-108. 2010
    The results of three rigorous studies of the naturalistic course of personality disorders indicate the following: (1) personality psychopathology improves over time at unexpectedly significant rates; (2) particular maladaptive ..
  55. ncbi Treatment response in major depression: effects of personality dysfunction and prior depression
    P Gorwood
    INSERM U675, CMME Sainte Anne Hospital, 100 rue de Santé, 75014 Paris, France
    Br J Psychiatry 196:139-42. 2010
    ..The impact of personality dysfunction on the outcome of treatment for depression remains debated...
  56. ncbi Criminal recidivism in offenders with personality disorders and substance use disorders over 8 years of time at risk
    Marc Walter
    Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Psychiatry Res 186:443-5. 2011
    b>Personality disorders (PD) and substance use disorders (SUD) lead to high violent criminality. The influence of co-morbidity on recidivism remains unclear. Recidivism of 379 offenders was assessed at 8 years of follow-up...
  57. pmc Relationship of personality disorders to the course of major depressive disorder in a nationally representative sample
    Andrew E Skodol
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 168:257-64. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of specific personality disorder comorbidity on the course of major depressive disorder in a nationally representative sample...
  58. ncbi Influence of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders on young adult personality disorder
    S Kasen
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 156:1529-35. 1999
    ..This study examines associations between childhood psychopathology and young adult personality disorder in a random sample of 551 youths, who were 9 to 16 years old at first assessment...
  59. pmc Personality disorders and psychosocial problems in a group of participants to therapeutic processes for people with severe social disabilities
    Carlos Salavera
    Departament de Psychology and Sociology, Education Faculty, Zaragoza University, C San Juan Bosco 7, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
    BMC Psychiatry 11:192. 2011
    ..The causes of this failure are not always known. This study investigates whether dropping-out is mediated by personality disorders or whether psychosocial problems are more important.
  60. pmc Psychologic factors and risk of mortality after spinal cord injury
    James S Krause
    College of Health Professions, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 90:628-33. 2009
    ..To identify the association of 2 distinct psychologic constructs, personality and purpose in life (PIL), with risk of early mortality among persons with spinal cord injury (SCI)...
  61. ncbi Personality disorders and depression
    M Fava
    Depression Clinical and Research Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston 02114, USA
    Psychol Med 32:1049-57. 2002
    b>Personality disorders (PDs) were assessed among depressed out-patients by clinical interview before and after antidepressant treatment with fluoxetine to assess the degree of stability of PD diagnoses and determine whether changes in PD ..
  62. ncbi Personality traits in schizophrenia and related personality disorders
    Kathryn M Camisa
    Department of Psychology, Indiana University, 1011 E 10th Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Psychiatry Res 133:23-33. 2005
    ....
  63. ncbi Interrater reliability and internal consistency of the structured clinical interview for DSM-IV axis II personality disorders (SCID-II), version 2.0
    C Maffei
    Istituto Scientifico Ospedale San Raffaele, Department of Neuropsychiatric Sciences, University of Milan School of Medicine, Italy
    J Pers Disord 11:279-84. 1997
    ..98 for dimensional judgements (Intraclass correlation coefficient). Internal consistency coefficients were satisfactory (.71-.94). The results suggest that the SCID-II 2.0 has adequate interrater and internal consistency reliability...
  64. ncbi Divalproex in the treatment of impulsive aggression: efficacy in cluster B personality disorders
    Eric Hollander
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Neuropsychopharmacology 28:1186-97. 2003
    ..disorders), but was observed in both intent-to-treat and evaluable data sets for patients with Cluster B personality disorders. In the Cluster B evaluable data set, statistically significant treatment differences favoring divalproex ..
  65. ncbi Quality of life and personality disorders in heroin abusers
    S Fassino
    Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatric Institute, University of Turin, Via Cherasco 11, 10126 Torino, Italy
    Drug Alcohol Depend 76:73-80. 2004
    The aim of this study is to describe the personality disorders (PD) and personality profile of heroin-abusers and their quality of life (QoL), and to investigate the correlation between the two.
  66. ncbi Personality disorders and unmet needs among psychiatric inpatients
    Marianne Hayward
    Health Services Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, United Kingdom
    Psychiatr Serv 57:538-43. 2006
    This study sought to examine the association between unmet need and personality disorders in a sample of psychiatric inpatients...
  67. ncbi The economic burden of personality disorders in mental health care
    Djøra I Soeteman
    Viersprong Institute for Studies on Personality Disorders, Halsteren, The Netherlands
    J Clin Psychiatry 69:259-65. 2008
    Some evidence suggests that personality disorders are associated with a high economic burden due to, for example, a high demand on psychiatric, health, and social care services...
  68. ncbi Childhood onset neuropsychiatric disorders in adult eating disorder patients. A pilot study
    Elisabet Wentz
    Dept of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Goteborg University, Kungsgatan 12, 41119, Goteborg, Sweden
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 14:431-7. 2005
    ..This study aimed to explore the comorbidity of ASD and other childhood onset neuropsychiatric disorders (COND) [attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) and tic disorders] in a group of severe eating disorder (ED) patients...
  69. ncbi The International Personality Disorder Examination. The World Health Organization/Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration international pilot study of personality disorders
    A W Loranger
    Department of Psychiatry, Cornell University Medical College, New York, NY
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 51:215-24. 1994
    ..This is the first report of the results of a field trial to investigate the feasibility of using the IPDE to assess personality disorders worldwide.
  70. ncbi Lack of empathy in patients with narcissistic personality disorder
    Kathrin Ritter
    Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Department of Psychiatry, Berlin, Germany
    Psychiatry Res 187:241-7. 2011
    ..The study's conclusions were that while NPD involves deficits in emotional empathy, cognitive empathy seems grossly unaffected...
  71. ncbi Comorbid Axis I and Axis II disorders in early adolescence: outcomes 20 years later
    Thomas N Crawford
    Children in the Community Study, 100 Haven Ave, Ste 31F, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:641-8. 2008
    Although Axis II personality disorders in adolescence have been linked to psychopathology and psychosocial impairment in early adulthood, little is known about their effects over longer periods.
  72. ncbi The efficacy of various modalities of psychotherapy for personality disorders: a systematic review of the evidence and clinical recommendations
    Roel Verheul
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int Rev Psychiatry 19:25-38. 2007
    ..The focus is on studies which include a wide range of DSM-IV-TR Axis II personality disorders. The results show that various psychotherapeutic treatments have proven to be efficacious with respect to ..
  73. pmc Revised NESARC personality disorder diagnoses: gender, prevalence, and comorbidity with substance dependence disorders
    Timothy J Trull
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Pers Disord 24:412-26. 2010
    We applied different diagnostic rules for diagnosing personality disorders to the NESARC epidemiological study of over 40,000 individuals...
  74. ncbi Psychometric properties of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) questionnaire in a Spanish psychiatric population
    F Gutierrez
    Clinic Institute of Psychiatry and Psychology, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Spain
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 103:143-7. 2001
    ..The psychometric properties of the Spanish version of Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) were examined in a psychiatric population...
  75. ncbi Child abuse and neglect and the development of mental disorders in the general population
    P Cohen
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York 10032, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 13:981-99. 2001
    Child abuse and neglect have repeatedly been shown to be risks for psychiatric and personality disorders. However, much of this evidence is based on retrospective reports of adults...
  76. ncbi A comparison between the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the self-rating version of the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS)
    P Svanborg
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychiatry Section, Karolinska Institute, S171 76, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Affect Disord 64:203-16. 2001
    ..In the present study, the BDI was compared with a self-rating version of the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS-S) in 86 psychiatric patients with mainly affective and anxiety disorders...
  77. ncbi Substance abuse and personality disorders in homeless drop-in center clients: symptom severity and psychotherapy retention in a randomized clinical trial
    Samuel A Ball
    Division of Substance Abuse, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 46:371-9. 2005
    ..Although rates of cluster B personality disorders were comparable to other substance dependent samples, clusters A and C disorders were disproportionately ..
  78. ncbi Toward a clinical model of suicidal behavior in psychiatric patients
    J J Mann
    Mental Health Clinical Research Center for the Study of Suicidal Behavior, Department of Neuroscience, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York 10032, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 156:181-9. 1999
    ....
  79. pmc Pessimistic, anxious, and depressive personality traits predict all-cause mortality: the Mayo Clinic cohort study of personality and aging
    Brandon R Grossardt
    Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Psychosom Med 71:491-500. 2009
    ..To study the association between several personality traits and all-cause mortality...
  80. ncbi Day treatment of patients with personality disorders: experiences from a Norwegian treatment research network
    Sigmund Karterud
    Department for Personality Psychiatry, Psychiatric Division, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    J Pers Disord 17:243-62. 2003
    ..Results from the University unit were not better than those from units at local hospitals or mental health centers...
  81. ncbi The heritability of cluster A personality disorders assessed by both personal interview and questionnaire
    Kenneth S Kendler
    Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Virginia of Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298 0126, USA
    Psychol Med 37:655-65. 2007
    b>Personality disorders (PDs) as assessed by questionnaires and personal interviews are heritable...
  82. ncbi Gender differences in the prevalence of symptom disorders and personality disorders among poly-substance abusers and pure alcoholics. Substance abusers treated in two counties in Norway
    A S Landheim
    Department of Substance Abuse, Sanderud Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Eur Addict Res 9:8-17. 2003
    ..Gender differences in the prevalence of Axis I and II disorders in poly-substance abusers and pure alcoholics and between these two groups are explored...
  83. ncbi Social functioning of patients with personality disorder in secondary care
    Giles Newton-Howes
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Imperial College, Exhibition Rd, London SW72AZ, United Kingdom
    Psychiatr Serv 59:1033-7. 2008
    ..This focus on axis I disorders can lead to overlooking patients' personality function. This study explored the social dysfunction associated with personality function and its severity within secondary care...
  84. ncbi Persistent social dysfunction in anxious and depressed patients with personality disorder
    H Seivewright
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 109:104-9. 2004
    ..To determine the long-term social function of psychiatric patients with anxiety and depressive disorders and to relate this to personality status and other factors...
  85. ncbi Change in defense mechanisms during short-term dynamic and cognitive therapy in patients with cluster C personality disorders
    Pål Ørjan Johansen
    Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    J Nerv Ment Dis 199:712-5. 2011
    ..Patients (N = 50) who met criteria for cluster C personality disorders were randomized to 40 weekly sessions of short-term dynamic therapy or cognitive therapy...
  86. ncbi The integrity of corpus callosum and cluster B personality disorders: a quantitative MRI study in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy
    Gerardo Maria de Araújo Filho
    Department of Neurology, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 34:516-21. 2010
    Evidence suggests increased prevalence of cluster B personality disorders (PD) among patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME), which has been associated with worse seizure control and more psychosocial dysfunctions...
  87. ncbi Epigenetic perspective on behavior development, personality, and personality disorders
    Dragan M Svrakic
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO, USA
    Psychiatr Danub 22:153-66. 2010
    After 30 years of clinical work and research based on categorical criteria for personality disorders (Diagnostic and Statistical manual of Mental Disorders - DSM IV TR) and (International Classification of Diseases - ICD 10th revision), ..
  88. ncbi Psychosocial treatment for severe personality disorder. 36-month follow-up
    Marco Chiesa
    Research Unit, The Cassel Hospital, Richmond, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 183:356-62. 2003
    In a previous report a step-down psychosocial programme for severe personality disorders was found to be more effective at expected termination of treatment than a longer in-patient treatment with no planned after-care.
  89. ncbi Personality and personality disorders in the DSM-5: introduction to the special issue
    Joshua D Miller
    Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 3103, USA
    Personal Disord 2:1-3. 2011
    In this introduction to the special section on Personality and Personality Disorders in DSM-5, the editors briefly describe the major changes proposed by the Work Group on Personality Disorders for DSM-5...
  90. ncbi Select comorbid personality disorders and the treatment of chronic depression with nefazodone, targeted psychotherapy, or their combination
    Rachel E Maddux
    Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    J Affect Disord 117:174-9. 2009
    ..The reasons for the poorer response, however, remain unclear. One potential factor is the presence of comorbid Axis II personality disorders (PDs), which occur at high rates among these patients.
  91. ncbi Personality disorders do not influence the results of cognitive and behavior therapy for obsessive compulsive disorder
    L Dreessen
    Department of Medical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Anxiety Disord 11:503-21. 1997
    ..The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R personality disorders (SCID-II) was taken before the start of treatment by an independent rater...
  92. pmc Continuity of axes I and II: toward a unified model of personality, personality disorders, and clinical disorders
    Robert F Krueger
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, N414 Elliott Hall, 75 East River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455 0344, USA
    J Pers Disord 19:233-61. 2005
    ..the DSM-IV-TR (APA, 2000), mental disorders are divided into two groups: Clinical Disorders (CDs) and Personality Disorders (PDs), and CD and PD diagnoses are recorded on two separate axes (Axes I and II, respectively)...
  93. ncbi Beliefs in personality disorders: a test with the personality disorder belief questionnaire
    Arnoud Arntz
    Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, NL 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 42:1215-25. 2004
    ..Another explanation is that many patients' position on the underlying dimensions is not high enough to lead to a DSM PD diagnosis, but high enough to lead to an elevated belief score...
  94. ncbi Effectiveness of treatment of childhood memories in cognitive therapy for personality disorders: a controlled study contrasting methods focusing on the present and methods focusing on childhood memories
    Anoek Weertman
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 45:2133-43. 2007
    ..effective way to change personality disorder related schemas and psychopathology in cognitive therapy for personality disorders. To test this hypothesis, a crossover design was used to compare the effectiveness of methods focusing on ..
  95. ncbi Patients with addiction and personality disorder: Treatment outcomes and clinical implications
    Louisa Mc van den Bosch
    Forensic Psychiatric Institute Oldenkotte, Rekken, The Netherlands
    Curr Opin Psychiatry 20:67-71. 2007
    The present review examines the outcomes of treatments focusing on substance abuse, on personality disorders, and on both the foci simultaneously. Clinical guidelines for the treatment of dually diagnosed patients are described.
  96. ncbi Non-completion of personality disorder treatments: a systematic review of correlates, consequences, and interventions
    Mary McMurran
    Institute of Mental Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Clin Psychol Rev 30:277-87. 2010
    ..Only two studies of interventions specifically aimed at reducing non-completion were identified. Implications for clinical practice and research are discussed...
  97. ncbi Personality disorders among alcoholic outpatients: prevalence and course in treatment
    Eugenia Zikos
    Department of Psychiatry, McGill University Health Centre, 1025 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Quebec
    Can J Psychiatry 55:65-73. 2010
    To determine the prevalence of concurrent personality disorders (PDs) among alcoholic men and women seeking outpatient treatment, and to examine their effect on the course of alcohol treatment.
  98. ncbi Toward an integrative model of the spectrum of mood, behavioral and personality disorders based on fear and anger traits: II. Implications for neurobiology, genetics and psychopharmacological treatment
    Diogo R Lara
    Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul, Av Ipiranga, 6681, Pd 12A, Porto Alegre, RS 90619 900, Brazil
    J Affect Disord 94:89-103. 2006
    ..As a result, it is hypothesized that mood, behavioral and personality disorders share a neurobiological substrate according to combinations of fear and anger traits...
  99. pmc Personality disorders in alcohol-dependent individuals: relationship with alcohol dependence severity
    U W Preuss
    Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Martin Luther University of Halle Wittenberg, E 06097 Halle Saale, Germany
    Eur Addict Res 15:188-95. 2009
    ..Characteristics of AD were obtained using standardized structured interviews. Diagnoses of DSM-IV personality disorders (PDs) were generated with SCID-II-PQ and SCID-II interviews...
  100. pmc Personality disorders and the 3-year course of alcohol, drug, and nicotine use disorders
    Deborah Hasin
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, NY 10032, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 68:1158-67. 2011
    Little is known about the role of a broad range of personality disorders in the course of substance use disorder (SUD) and whether these differ by substance...
  101. ncbi Interrater reliability of Thai version of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders (T-SCID II)
    Tinakon Wongpakaran
    Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    J Med Assoc Thai 95:264-9. 2012
    Explore the interrater reliability of Thai version of Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders (T-SCID-II).

Research Grants64

  1. FACTORS AFFECTING THE ACCURACY OF PERSONALITY JUDGEMENT
    DAVID FUNDER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..From the client's perspective, many problems in living and several of the major personality disorders are directly relevant to or even stem directly from deficiencies in the accuracy of social perception...
  2. Bupropion VS Placebo to Treat Pathological Gambling
    Donald Black; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..assessments will include the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders, the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale Modified for PG (YBOCS-PG), the Hollingshead Scale, the NORC ..
  3. Placebo Effects in the Treatment of Depression: Cognitive and Neural Mechanisms
    Bret R Rutherford; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..programs in a variety of areas, including anxiety and depressive disorders, eating disorders, schizophrenia, suicide, personality disorders, brain imaging, molecular genetics, developmental neurobiology, and many others.
  4. Predictors of Treatment Response Relapse and Recurrence in Major Depression
    W Edward Craighead; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In view of advances in functional brain imaging, molecular and cellular neurobiology, genetics, and personality disorders and a number of promising findings in small studies, it is propitious to conduct studies to determine ..
  5. Refining Borderline Personality Disorder Using Flexible Latent Variable Modeling
    MICHAEL NELSON HALLQUIST; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..utilization among BPD patients is significantly higher than patients with mood disorders or other personality disorders, resulting in significant treatment costs...
  6. Research Training: Mental Health Behavior Genetics
    John K Hewitt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Using multidisciplinary approaches, the genetic basis of psychopathologies, personality disorders, as well as normal cognition and personality, can be investigated...
  7. Molecular Mechanisms of Social Behavior
    Anna V Kukekova; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and primates in biological complexity, would then offer opportunities to investigate potential therapies for such human disorders as autism, schizophrenia, anxiety, depression, personality disorders, panic disorder and other traits.
  8. Integrated Training in Psychobiology and Psychopathology
    Kim Wallen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..influences on, five psychopathologies: anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, developmental disorders, and personality disorders with consideration of relevant animal models...
  9. Longitudinal Examination of Human Amygdala-vmPFC Development
    Nim Tottenham; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..include, but are not limited to, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, sociopathy, and personality disorders. A failure to effectively recruit a neural circuitry that includes the amygdala and ventromedial ..
  10. Interpersonal Functioning and Emotion in Borderline Personality
    Paul A Pilkonis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We propose to examine these processes from a dyadic perspective-an innovative, new step for research on personality disorders. We will assess these processes from the perspectives of both the patient and a romantic partner, given ..
  11. Social Neuroscience of Borderline Personality Disorder
    Eric A Fertuck; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Paul Pilkonis (measurement and modeling of interpersonal behavior in personality disorders), and Dr. Tor Wager (statistics and methods in fMRI)...
  12. Adverse childhood experiences, personality psychopathology, and alcohol disorders
    Deborah S Hasin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..persistent maladaptive behaviors, emotions and cognitions from early adulthood, included in DSM-IV as ten Personality Disorders (PDs). Unfortunately, these are also prevalent in our society...
  13. Neurobiological and Genetic Correlates of Cooperative Behavior
    James K Rilling; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..they are lacking, including autism, depression, psychopathic personality disorder and several axis II personality disorders. By identifying factors that influence cooperative behavior in a normal population, this project will ..
  14. Precursors to Borderline and Antisocial Personality Disorders in Adolescence
    Lori N Scott; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  15. Phenomenology of Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder
    Anthony Pinto; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Even though it is one of the most frequently diagnosed personality disorders across community and clinical samples, OCPD has received little empirical attention in the last two ..
  16. Personality disorders, decision making and sexual risk behaviors
    Ramani S Durvasula; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..has been addressed in the literature on sexual risk, relatively less attention has been placed on the personality disorders (PD)...
  17. Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disorders
    GERALDINE A DOWNEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..cope in self-defeating ways, extreme forms of which are captured in Borderline (BPD) and Avoidant (APD) Personality Disorders. BPD is characterized by volatile relationships involving angry, impulsive and self-injurious reactions to ..
  18. Trait Fear and Disinhibition in Impulse Control Disorders
    CHRISTOPHER JOHN PATRICK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..relate to varying forms of psychopathology (including impulse control disorders, affiliated personality disorders, and psychopathy as assessed by clinical interview) and to varying physiological indicators...
  19. Dynamic Expression of Antagonistic Personality Pathology in Daily Life
    AIDAN GREGORY CRAVER WRIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..to clarify the nature, variabilty, and predictors of dysfunctional behavior in a sample of patients with personality disorders (PDs) over a 100-day period...
  20. Development of a Computerized Adaptive Test of Personality Disorder (CAT-PD)
    LEONARD JAY SIMMS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Personality disorders are common in the general population and are particularly prevalent among psychiatric patients...
  21. Drug Abuse, Social Decision-Making, and Sex-Related Functional Brain Asymmetry
    DANIEL T TRANEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..inform treatment and prevention of drug and alcohol abuse disorders, as well as social conduct disorders, personality disorders, and anxiety and mood disorders, all of which have high comorbidity with drug and alcohol abuse...
  22. Treatment for Bulimia Nervosa: Dysregulated Subtype
    Heather Thompson Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..clinical trials, translational research topics, empirically supported psychotherapies for EDs and personality disorders (PDs), and ED and PD assessment...
  23. Novel approaches to understanding mental disorder, substance abuse and HIV-risk a
    Leslie B Whitbeck; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..population;2) increase our understanding of mental and substance use disorders (particularly personality disorders) across the diversity of homeless women;3) improve our understanding trajectories to homelessness through ..
  24. Comparing Alternative Dimensional Approaches to Personality Diagnosis
    DREW IRVIN WESTEN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Although personality disorders (PDs) and subthreshold personality pathology are increasingly implicated as diatheses and moderators of treatment response for many Axis I disorders, researchers have ..
  25. A Longitudinal Study of Alcohol Dependence in Late Adolescence
    Tim Bogg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..e., marijuana, and other drug dependence, and conduct and antisocial personality disorders)...
  26. Causal and Conceptual Knowledge: Implications for Clinical Reasoning
    Woo kyoung Ahn; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Second, one prominent proposal for the next version of the DSM is to eliminate categories of personality disorders and to use only underlying traits...
  27. A Longitudinal Study of Alcohol Dependence in Late Adolescence
    Tim Bogg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., marijuana, and other drug dependence, and conduct and antisocial personality disorders)...
  28. 5HTT and 5-HT2A Receptors in Impulsive Aggression and Effects of Fluoxetine
    Larry J Siever; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..receptor binding of [11C] MDL100907 in the orbital frontal cortex in 60 patients with impulsive aggressive personality disorders with current physical aggression at baseline prior to a twelve week treatment trial of fluoxetine or ..
  29. Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline Personality
    ULRIKE NONE FESKE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of BPD covaries with substance use and risky sex beyond the variance accounted for by co-occurring personality disorders and major depression;2) ECF capacity mediates the association between BPD and judgment of risk associated ..
  30. A Cognitive Group Treatment for Borderline Outpatients
    Donald Black; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines (DIB-R) and relevant sections of the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders (SIDP-IV)...
  31. COGNITIVE THERAPY FOR HIGH RISK & REFRACTORY DEPRESSION
    Robin Jarrett; Fiscal Year: 2003
    This request for an Independent Scientist Award (KO2) fosters the candidate's research proficiency in personality disorders and treatment development within the context of three randomized clinical trials (RCTs) on the efficacy of ..
  32. Allosteric Potentiators of the Oxytocin System for the Control of Social Motivati
    Michael Jarstfer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..motivation and cognition deficits of patients with autism spectrum disorders, schizophrenia or severe personality disorders. Social deficits are particularly disabling features of these disorders for which we have no effective ..
  33. M-CPP/PET IN IMPULSIVE PERSONALITY DISORDERS
    Larry Siever; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..as temporal and cingulate cortex (secondary hypotheses) are blunted in patients with impulsive/aggressive personality disorders. These studies build on a body of evidence that reduced serotonergic activity as reflected in reduced ..
  34. Axis I & Axis II Psychiatric Disorders in Norwegian Twin
    Kenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..b>Personality disorders (PDs) aggregate in families, and existing twin studies suggest this familial aggregation is due partly to ..
  35. CHARACTERIZATION OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS
    Gerald Nestadt; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..This analysis should contribute to the nosology of the personality disorders; to the confidence with which we use clinically relevant personality measures for application within the ..
  36. Cognitive Therapy for Personality Disorders
    ADELE HAYES; Fiscal Year: 2004
    The Cluster C personality disorders (obsessive-compulsive, avoidant, and dependent) are the most prevalent personality disorders (PDs) in outpatient samples. These PDs are highly comorbid with mood and anxiety disorders...
  37. ASSESSMENT OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS
    Lee Anna Clark; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..and occupational functioning, and scales specifically developed to measure dimensions underlying the personality disorders. These three diverse samples are included to assure a broad representation of the relevant pathology, ..
  38. FAMILIAL PSYCHIATRIC DIS & ATTENTION IN SCHIZOPHRENIA
    Robert Asarnow; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..that there is a significantly increased familial aggregation of schizophrenia, schizophrenia spectrum personality disorders, and certain neurocognitive impairments in families of probands with childhood-onset schizophrenia ..
  39. Modeling the Neurogenetics of Serotonin Regulation
    ERIC VALLENDER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..implicated in many prominent mental health disorders including depression, schizophrenia, and addictive personality disorders. This application seeks to explore the neurogenetic diversity of serotonin transporter (SERT) and ..
  40. MEDICATED & UNMEDICATED ADHD BOYS AT MIDLIFE (35 TO 45)
    Jan Loney; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..functioning and to answer questions about selected adult psychiatric outcomes: adult/residual ADHD, personality disorders (e.g...
  41. PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY AND BIOSTATISTICS
    Linda Cottler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..substance use disorders, schizophrenia, PTSD, Alzheimer's, child disorders, pathological gambling, personality disorders, and eating disorders, applicants have a wide range of opportunities for research training and career ..
  42. Neurogenetics of serotonin regulation: building naturalistic rhesus monkey models
    Gregory Miller; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..implicated in many prominent neuropsychiatric disorders including depression, schizophrenia, and addictive personality disorders. This grant investigates neurogenetic variation in the serotonin system by developing and exploiting ..
  43. Dispositional Affect, Family Environment, and Adolescent Suicidality
    Shirley Yen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of: 1) mentorship and clinical supervision provided by a team of experts in adolescent suicidality, personality disorders, and prospective studies;2) completion of formal coursework, seminars, and workshops;3) participation in ..
  44. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SOCIAL RECOGNITION AND MEMORY
    Robert Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..types of mental and behavioral disorders that involve social interactions, such as autism and depression, personality disorders (e.g...
  45. SEROTONIN RELATED GENES AND IMPULSIVE AGGRESSION IN PD
    Antonia New; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..study is to investigate the genetic contribution to impulsive aggressive behavior in patients with personality disorders, utilizing known polymorphisms in serotonin-related genes...
  46. COGNITIVE AND DRUG THERAPY FOR DRUG RESISTANT DEPRESSION
    Karla Moras; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Beck et al., 1979], CT for personality disorders [A. Beck et al., 1990; Layden et al., 1993], and CT for anxiety disorders [A. Beck & Emery, 1985; A...
  47. Web-Based Prevention for At-Risk Gamblers
    TY LOSTUTTER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..criminal activity, family/relationship disruptions, comorbid substance use/dependence, eating, and personality disorders. Despite these social and health consequences associated with disordered gambling, it rarely receives ..
  48. PERSONALITY DISORDERS, GROUP THERAPY AND CHANGE
    Simon Budman; Fiscal Year: 1992
    Although Long-term group psychotherapy is an often recommended form of treatment for patients with personality disorders (PDs) and an extensive clinical literature exists to endorse such treatment, empirical support is lacking...
  49. 5-HT2A RECEPTOR STRUCTURE: AN INTEGRATED APPROACH
    Richard Westkaemper; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..to occur in many psychiatric diseases including anxiety, depression, eating disorders, schizophrenia, personality disorders, and many drug-induced psychotic states...
  50. TRAINING IN DIAGNOSIS OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS
    Catherine Lord; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..studies indicate that what is transmitted may be a familial risk for communication, social, and perhaps personality disorders. In addition, because the primary features of autism involved social and communicative deficits, the ..
  51. Impulsive Aggression : A Twin Study of Behavior and 5-HT
    EMIL COCCARO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Personality Disorders and Marital Adjustment
    Susan South; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Even though many of the criteria for personality disorders (PD) have either a negative bias or require an individual to possess insight into his or her own maladaptive behavior, few studies to date have examined whether informants may be ..
  53. Social Information Processing: Assessment Development
    EMIL COCCARO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Development of such measures is critical for the further scientific study of SIP and for its integration in neurobiologhical research. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. Fluoxetine and Divalproex:Treatment Correlates in Intermittent Explosive Disorder
    EMIL COCCARO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Duration of treatment will be twelve weeks. ..
  55. Intermittent Explosive Disorder: A Family Study
    EMIL COCCARO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..e., relatives of IED probands with and without IED). ..
  56. Natural History, Comorbid Mental Disorders, and Consequences of Inhalant Abuse
    Matthew Howard; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..one of the largest psychiatric comorbidity studies ever conducted and the first to assess DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders, yet no inhalant studies using NESARC data have been published...
  57. COLLABORATIVE LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF PERSONALITY DISORDER
    M Shea; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..overall aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive picture of the course and outcome of four specific personality disorders (PDs): schizotypal (STPD), borderline (BPD), avoidant (AVPD), and obsessive- compulsive (OCPD)...
  58. COLLABORATIVE LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF PERSONALITY DISORDER
    LESLIE MOREY; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..overall aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive picture of the course and outcome of four specific personality disorders (PDs): schizotypal (STPD), borderline (BPD), avoidant (AVPD), and obsessive- compulsive (OCPD)...
  59. COLLABORATIVE LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF PERSONALITY DISORDER
    John Gunderson; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..overall aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive picture of the course and outcome of four specific personality disorders (PDs): schizotypal (STPD), borderline (BPD) avoidant (AVPD) and obsessive- compulsive (OCPD)...
  60. COLLABORATIVE LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF PERSONALITY DISORDER
    Thomas McGlashan; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..overall aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive picture of the course and outcome of four specific personality disorders (PDs): schizotypal (STPD), borderline (BPD), avoidant (AVPD), and obsessive- compulsive (OCPD)...
  61. Intimacy in Depressed Elderly with Axis II Comorbidity
    Jill Compton; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Many patients with chronic depression have co-existing personality disorders (PD's) that complicate treatment...
  62. The Serotonergic System and Self- or Other-Damaging Behaviors
    Maria Sasvari Szekely; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..protective factors in the development of the impulsive behavioral pattern of Antisocial and Borderline Personality Disorders (APD and BPD)...
  63. Characterizing Affective Instability Using EMA
    Timothy Trull; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. DEVELOPMENT OF BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER FEATURES
    Timothy Trull; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....