Genomes and Genes
Summary: A childhood disorder predominately affecting boys and similar to autism (AUTISTIC DISORDER). It is characterized by severe, sustained, clinically significant impairment of social interaction, and restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior. In contrast to autism, there are no clinically significant delays in language or cognitive development. (From DSM-IV)
Publications257 found, 100 shown here
- The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): evidence from Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematiciansS Baron-Cohen
Departments of Experimental Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EB, United Kingdom
J Autism Dev Disord 31:5-17. 2001..Individuals score in the range 0-50. Four groups of subjects were assessed: Group 1: 58 adults with Asperger syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA); Group 2: 174 randomly selected controls...
- The empathy quotient: an investigation of adults with Asperger syndrome or high functioning autism, and normal sex differencesSimon Baron-Cohen
Autism Research Centre, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Rd, CB2 2AH United Kingdom
J Autism Dev Disord 34:163-75. 2004..In Study 1 we employed the EQ with n = 90 adults (65 males, 25 females) with Asperger Syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA), who are reported clinically to have difficulties in empathy...
- The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autismS Baron-Cohen
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 42:241-51. 2001..Whilst that test succeeded in discriminating a group of adults with Asperger syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA) from controls, it suffered from several psychometric problems...
- Autism, Asperger syndrome and brain mechanisms for the attribution of mental states to animated shapesFulvia Castelli
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, UK
Brain 125:1839-49. 2002Ten able adults with autism or Asperger syndrome and 10 normal volunteers were PET scanned while watching animated sequences...
- Enhanced perceptual functioning in autism: an update, and eight principles of autistic perceptionLaurent Mottron
Pervasive Developmental Disorders Specialized Clinic, Riviere des Prairies Hospital, and Fernand Seguin Research Center, University of Montreal, Canada
J Autism Dev Disord 36:27-43. 2006..and in the variability of apparent presentations within PDD (autism with and without typical speech, Asperger syndrome) in non-savant autistics...
- Abnormal ventral temporal cortical activity during face discrimination among individuals with autism and Asperger syndromeR T Schultz
Child Study Center, Yale University, New Haven, Conn 06520 7900, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 57:331-40. 2000..Therefore, it is of considerable interest that individuals with autism and related conditions have selective deficits in face recognition (sparing nonface object recognition)...
- Association of DISC1 with autism and Asperger syndromeH Kilpinen
Department of Molecular Medicine, National Public Health Institute, Biomedicum, Helsinki, Finland
Mol Psychiatry 13:187-96. 2008..clustered in 1q42, in Finnish families ascertained for infantile autism (97 families, n(affected)=138) and Asperger syndrome (29 families, n(affected)=143)...
- Change in autism symptoms and maladaptive behaviors in adolescents and adults with an autism spectrum disorderPaul T Shattuck
University of Wisconsin, 533 Waisman Ctr, 1500 Highland Ave, Madison, WI 53705, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 37:1735-47. 2007..Compared to adolescents, older sample members (31 and older) had fewer maladaptive behaviors and experienced more improvement in these behaviors over time...
- Executive function deficits in autism spectrum disorders and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: examining profiles across domains and agesFrancesca Happe
MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
Brain Cogn 61:25-39. 2006..Within the present groups, the overall findings suggested less severe and persistent EF deficits in ASD (including Asperger Syndrome) than in ADHD.
- Annotation: The similarities and differences between autistic disorder and Asperger's disorder: a review of the empirical evidenceKathleen E Macintosh
School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Victoria, Australia
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 45:421-34. 2004..The findings are consistent with the view that these disorders belong on an autism spectrum...
- Genes related to sex steroids, neural growth, and social-emotional behavior are associated with autistic traits, empathy, and Asperger syndromeB Chakrabarti
Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, Cambridge University, UK
Autism Res 2:157-77. 2009..Here we report a study of common genetic variation in candidate genes associated with autistic traits and Asperger syndrome (AS)...
- The systemizing quotient: an investigation of adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism, and normal sex differencesSimon Baron-Cohen
Autism Research Centre, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EB, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 358:361-74. 2003..In Study 2 we employed the SQ and the EQ with n = 47 adults (33 males, 14 females) with Asperger syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA), who are predicted to be either normal or superior at systemizing, but ..
- The hyper-systemizing, assortative mating theory of autismSimon Baron-Cohen
Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Road, Cambridge, CB2 2AH, UK
Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 30:865-72. 2006..They appear 'change-resistant'. This proposal extends the extreme male brain theory of autism. Finally, evidence is reviewed for autism being the genetic result of assortative mating of two high systemizers...
- Outcome in high-functioning adults with autism with and without early language delays: implications for the differentiation between autism and Asperger syndromePatricia Howlin
Department of Psychology, St George s Hospital Medical School, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 ORE, UK
J Autism Dev Disord 33:3-13. 2003The question of whether Asperger syndrome and high-functioning autism should be considered as the same or different conditions has been a source of debate and controversy over recent years...
- Mindblind eyes: an absence of spontaneous theory of mind in Asperger syndromeAtsushi Senju
Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of London, London, UK
Science 325:883-5. 2009Adults with Asperger syndrome can understand mental states such as desires and beliefs (mentalizing) when explicitly prompted to do so, despite having impairments in social communication...
- Egocentrism, allocentrism, and Asperger syndromeUta Frith
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, UK
Conscious Cogn 14:719-38. 2005..We suggest here that people with Asperger syndrome suffer from a disconnection between a strong naïve egocentric stance and a highly abstract allocentric ..
- Brief report: The use of WAIS-III in adults with HFA and Asperger syndromeAntoinette A Spek
Mental Health Center GGZ Eindhoven, Boschdijk 771, Postvak 1418, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
J Autism Dev Disord 38:782-7. 2008The WAIS III was administered to 16 adults with high functioning autism (HFA) and 27 adults with Asperger syndrome. Differences between Verbal Intelligence (VIQ) and Performance Intelligence (PIQ) were not found...
- The anatomy of extended limbic pathways in Asperger syndrome: a preliminary diffusion tensor imaging tractography studyLuca Pugliese
Section of Brain Maturation, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London SE5 8AF, UK
Neuroimage 47:427-34. 2009..microstructural integrity and age-related differences in the extended limbic pathways between subjects with Asperger syndrome and healthy controls...
- Finding a face in the crowd: testing the anger superiority effect in Asperger SyndromeChris Ashwin
Department of Psychiatry, Autism Research Centre, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Road, Cambridge CB2 2AH, UK
Brain Cogn 61:78-95. 2006..Autism and Asperger Syndrome (AS) are neurodevelopmental conditions characterised by social deficits, abnormal face processing, and ..
- Advanced mind-reading in adults with Asperger syndromeKoen S Ponnet
Ghent University, Belgium
Autism 8:249-66. 2004This study investigated the mind-reading abilities of 19 adults with Asperger syndrome and 19 typically developing adults. Two static mind-reading tests and a more naturalistic empathic accuracy task were used...
- Three diagnostic approaches to Asperger syndrome: implications for researchAmi Klin
Yale Child Study Center, 230 South Frontage Road, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 35:221-34. 2005To examine the implications for research of the use of three alternative definitions for Asperger syndrome (AS)...
- Social attribution processes and comorbid psychiatric symptoms in children with Asperger syndromeJessica A Meyer
Developmetal Psychopathology Research Unit, University College London, UK
Autism 10:383-402. 2006The factors that place children with Asperger syndrome at risk for comorbid psychiatric symptoms, such as anxiety and depression, remain poorly understood...
- The CAST (Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test): preliminary development of a UK screen for mainstream primary-school-age childrenFiona J Scott
Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, UK
Autism 6:9-31. 2002The article describes a pilot and follow-up study of the preliminary development of a new tool to screen for Asperger syndrome (AS) and related social and communication conditions (the Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test, CAST) in children ..
- The Adult Asperger Assessment (AAA): a diagnostic methodSimon Baron-Cohen
Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, UK
J Autism Dev Disord 35:807-19. 2005At the present time there are a large number of adults who have suspected Asperger syndrome (AS). In this paper we describe a new instrument, the Adult Asperger Assessment (AAA), developed in our clinic for adults with AS...
- A scale to assist the diagnosis of autism and Asperger's disorder in adults (RAADS): a pilot studyRiva Ariella Ritvo
Yale Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 38:213-23. 2008..The RAADS does not distinguish between autism and Asperger's Disorder...
- White matter integrity in Asperger syndrome: a preliminary diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging study in adultsOswald J N Bloemen
Section of Brain Maturation, Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
Autism Res 3:203-13. 2010Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD), including Asperger syndrome and autism, is a highly genetic neurodevelopmental disorder...
- Asperger syndrome and autism: a comparative longitudinal follow-up study more than 5 years after original diagnosisMats Cederlund
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Goteborg University, Goteborg, Kungsgatan 12, 411 19, and Queen Silviás and Adolescent Hospital, Sweden
J Autism Dev Disord 38:72-85. 2008Prospective follow-up study of 70 males with Asperger syndrome (AS), and 70 males with autism more than 5 years after original diagnosis...
- Systemizing empathy: teaching adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism to recognize complex emotions using interactive multimediaOfer Golan
Autism Research Centre, University of Cambridge, Department of Psychiatry, Cambridge, UK
Dev Psychopathol 18:591-617. 2006..Mind Reading, an interactive systematic guide to emotions, for its effectiveness in teaching adults with Asperger syndrome (AS) and high-functioning autism (HFA) to recognize complex emotions in faces and voices...
- Psychosocial functioning in a group of Swedish adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autismI Engstrom
Psychiatric Research Centre, Orebro, Sweden
Autism 7:99-110. 2003This study reports on psychosocial functioning in Swedish adults with Asperger syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA)...
- Neurophysiological evidence for cortical discrimination impairment of prosody in Asperger syndromeT Kujala
Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Neurosci Lett 383:260-5. 2005b>Asperger syndrome (AS), belonging to the autism spectrum of disorders, is one of the pervasive developmental disorders...
- Dissociation of cognitive and emotional empathy in adults with Asperger syndrome using the Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET)Isabel Dziobek
Neurocognition of Decision Making, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195 Berlin, Germany
J Autism Dev Disord 38:464-73. 2008..the Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET), to assess empathy multidimensionally in a group of 17 individuals with Asperger syndrome (AS) and 18 well-matched controls...
- Pervasive developmental disorders in preschool children: confirmation of high prevalenceSuniti Chakrabarti
Child Development Centre, Central Clinic, Stafford, UK
Am J Psychiatry 162:1133-41. 2005..The rate in this study is comparable to that in previous birth cohorts from the same area and surveyed with the same methods, suggesting a stable incidence...
- Neuropsychological functioning in adults with Asperger syndromeFiona Z Ambery
Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
Autism 10:551-64. 2006There is some consensus in the literature regarding the cognitive profile of people with Asperger syndrome (AS)...
- Auditory perception and attention as reflected by the brain event-related potentials in children with Asperger syndromeT Lepistö
Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 9, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
Clin Neurophysiol 117:2161-71. 2006..development is delayed and deviant in individuals with autism, but proceeds quite normally in those with Asperger syndrome (AS)...
- Inhibitory control in children with autism spectrum disorderShawn E Christ
Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 37:1155-65. 2007..More generally, the findings underscore the importance of using multiple measures to assess a putative single cognitive ability...
- Speech and prosody characteristics of adolescents and adults with high-functioning autism and Asperger syndromeL D Shriberg
Waisman Center on Mental Retardation and Human Development, University of Wisconsin Madison, 53705, USA
J Speech Lang Hear Res 44:1097-115. 2001..and prosody-voice profiles for 15 male speakers with High-Functioning Autism (HFA) and 15 male speakers with Asperger syndrome (AS) were compared to one another and to profiles for 53 typically developing male speakers in the same 10- ..
- Verbal bias in recognition of facial emotions in children with Asperger syndromeJ B Grossman
Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8205, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 41:369-79. 2000Thirteen children and adolescents with diagnoses of Asperger syndrome (AS) were matched with 13 nonautistic control children on chronological age and verbal IQ...
- 'All that glitters is not gold': misdiagnosis of psychosis in pervasive developmental disorders--a case seriesDavid R Dossetor
Department of Psychological Medicine, Children s Hospital at Westmead, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 12:537-48. 2007..It is evident that more needs to be done to improve diagnostic reliability of psychosis in PDD, by improving clinical awareness and research tools...
- The CAST (Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test): test accuracyJo Williams
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, UK
Autism 9:45-68. 2005The Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test (CAST) is a parental questionnaire to screen for autism spectrum conditions. In this validation study, the CAST was distributed to 1925 children aged 5-11 in mainstream Cambridgeshire schools...
- Immune allergic response in Asperger syndromeElizabeth S Magalhães
Laboratory of Neurobiology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Neurology Section, Pediatric Department, Fernandes Figueira Institute, FIOCRUZ, Brazil
J Neuroimmunol 216:108-12. 2009..These findings suggest that atopy is frequent in this subgroup of autism implying that allergic inflammation might be an important feature in Asperger syndrome.
- Obsessive-compulsive traits in children and adolescents with Asperger syndromeLiliana Ruta
Division of Child Neurology and Psychiatry, Department of Paediatrics, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 19:17-24. 2010..occurrence and characteristic features of obsessive-compulsive behaviours in children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome (AS), with respect to a matched obsessive compulsive disorder group (OCD) and a typically developing control ..
- Tactile sensitivity in Asperger syndromeSarah Jayne Blakemore
Department of Psychology, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
Brain Cogn 61:5-13. 2006People with autism and Asperger syndrome are anecdotally said to be hypersensitive to touch. In two experiments, we measured tactile thresholds and suprathreshold tactile sensitivity in a group of adults with Asperger syndrome...
- Global and configural visual processing in adults with autism and Asperger syndromeCecilie Rondan
Mediterranean Institute for Cognitive Neurosciences, UMR 6193, CNRS, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, Marseille Cedex, France
Res Dev Disabil 28:197-206. 2007This study was designed to explore how adults with autism and Asperger syndrome (ASD) would visually process compound figures...
- The mitochondrial DNA A3243A>G mutation must be an infrequent cause of Asperger syndromeLindsey Kent
J Pediatr 149:280-1. 2006
- Clinical evidence that Asperger's disorder is a mild form of autismRiva Ariella Ritvo
Yale University School of Medicine, Yale Child Study Center, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Compr Psychiatry 49:1-5. 2008..The aim of this study is to obtain clinical evidence to test the hypothesis that Asperger's disorder (AD) is a mild form of autism (AU)...
- Asperger syndrome: can the disorder be diagnosed in the adult age?Anna Sintes
Psychiatry and Psychology Service CIBERSAM, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona
Actas Esp Psiquiatr 39:196-200. 2011b>Asperger Syndrome (AS) is characterized by a qualitative disorder of social interaction, a pattern of restrictive, repetitive and stereotyped behavior, interests and activities, with normal intellectual capacity and normal language ..
- Enhanced pure-tone pitch discrimination among persons with autism but not Asperger syndromeAnna Bonnel
McGill University, Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology, Canada
Neuropsychologia 48:2465-75. 2010..The participants were adolescents and young adults with autism, Asperger syndrome, and typical developmental histories, all with IQs in the normal range...
- The classification of autism, Asperger's syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorderP Szatmari
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neursosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario
Can J Psychiatry 45:731-8. 2000..I review the historical development of the classification of PDD, summarize recent empirical data on issues of reliability and validity, and suggest a new approach to classification and understanding...
- Conversational behaviors in youth with high-functioning ASD and Asperger syndromeRhea Paul
Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 39:115-25. 2009..The implications of these findings for understanding and treating conversational deficits in ASD are discussed...
- Auditory cortical change detection in adults with Asperger syndromeTuulia Lepistö
Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 9, University of Helsinki, and Department of Child Neurology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland
Neurosci Lett 414:136-40. 2007The present study investigated whether auditory deficits reported in children with Asperger syndrome (AS) are also present in adulthood...
- Similar developmental trajectories in autism and Asperger syndrome: from early childhood to adolescencePeter Szatmari
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Canada
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:1459-67. 2009..high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) from early childhood to adolescence using the presence and absence of structural language impairment (StrLI) as a way of differentiating autism from Asperger syndrome (AS).
- Social and language skills in adolescent boys with Asperger syndromeC Koning
Glenrose Rehabilitation Hospital, Canada
Autism 5:23-36. 2001Twenty-one adolescent boys with Asperger syndrome and 21 boys matched on age and an estimate of IQ were assessed using standardized measures of social perception (Child and Adolescent Social Perception Measure, CASP), social skills (..
- Predictors of outcome among high functioning children with autism and Asperger syndromeP Szatmari
McMaster University, Canada
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 44:520-8. 2003The objective of this paper is to assess the extent to which measures of cognitive abilities taken in an inception cohort of young high functioning children with autism and Asperger syndrome predict outcome roughly two and six years later.
- Higher plasma ACTH levels in adults with Asperger syndromePekka Tani
Department of Psychiatry, University of Helsinki, Finland
J Psychosom Res 58:533-6. 2005The aim of this preliminary study was to characterize the levels of plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol in adult patients with Asperger syndrome (AS).
- Defining the intellectual profile of Asperger Syndrome: comparison with high-functioning autismMohammad Ghaziuddin
Division of Child and Adolesccnt Psychiatry, University of Michigan Medical Center, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0390, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 34:279-84. 2004b>Asperger syndrome (AS) is a disorder of early childhood characterized by autistic social deficits, subtle communication impairment, and excessive isolated interests. There is no history of language delay or of mental retardation...
- Comorbid psychiatric disorders associated with Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism: a community- and clinic-based studyMarja Leena Mattila
Clinic of Child Psychiatry, University Hospital of Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
J Autism Dev Disord 40:1080-93. 2010The present study identifies the prevalence and types of comorbid psychiatric disorders associated with Asperger syndrome (AS)/high-functioning autism (HFA) in a combined community- and clinic-based sample of fifty 9- to 16-year-old ..
- Theory of mind in adults with HFA and Asperger syndromeAnnelies A Spek
GGZ Eindhoven, Boschdijk 771, P O Box 1418, 5626 AB, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
J Autism Dev Disord 40:280-9. 2010Theory of mind was assessed in 32 adults with HFA, 29 adults with Asperger syndrome and 32 neurotypical adults...
- Theory of mind, causal attribution and paranoia in Asperger syndromeA J Blackshaw
University of Manchester, UK
Autism 5:147-63. 2001Theory of mind (ToM) deficits are central to autistic spectrum disorders, including Asperger syndrome. Research in psychotic disorders has developed a cognitive model of paranoid delusions involving abnormal causal attributions for ..
- Absence of a normal cortisol awakening response (CAR) in adolescent males with Asperger syndrome (AS)Mark Brosnan
Department of Psychology, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK
Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:1095-100. 2009..This study examined whether the CAR was evident in 20 adolescent males with Asperger Syndrome (AS) and 18 age-matched typically developing (TD) controls (aged 11-16)...
- A survey of sleep problems in autism, Asperger's disorder and typically developing childrenM A Polimeni
Psychology and Disability Studies, School of Health Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora, Australia
J Intellect Disabil Res 49:260-8. 2005..The aim of this study was to compare sleep patterns of children with autism and AD to a TD group of children...
- Neuropsychological mechanisms of Digit Symbol Substitution Test impairment in Asperger DisorderRoni Yoran-Hegesh
Research Unit, Beer Yakov Nes Ziona Mental Health Center, Nes Ziona, Israel
Psychiatry Res 166:35-45. 2009..Future neuroimaging studies are needed to clarify the neural network involved in the differences in cognitive performance between AD subjects and normal controls...
- Repetitive behavior profiles in Asperger syndrome and high-functioning autismMikle South
Department of Psychology, University of Utah and Utah Autism Research Project, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 35:145-58. 2005..had two major aims: (1) to provide a detailed characterization of repetitive behaviors in individuals with Asperger Syndrome (AS), high-functioning autism (HFA), and typically developing controls (TD); and (2) to examine whether ..
- Reflections on opening Pandora's boxLorna Wing
National Autistic Society Centre for Social and Communication Disorders, Elliot House, 113 Masons Hill, Bromley, Kent, BR2 9HT, UK
J Autism Dev Disord 35:197-203. 2005..It has highlighted the special contribution people with Asperger syndrome have made to the world. There has been a growth of specialist services but many more are needed...
- Lessons learnt in conducting a clinical drug trial in children with Asperger SyndromeJohn Mathai
Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist, Royal Children s Hospital, Mental Health Service, Parkville, Vic, Australia
Australas Psychiatry 13:173-5. 2005OBJECTIVE: To describe the authors' experience of conducting a clinical drug trial in children with Asperger Syndrome, including the pitfalls encountered and lessons learnt...
- Quantitative assessment of neuromotor function in adolescents with high functioning autism and Asperger SyndromeChristine M Freitag
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Saarland University Hospital, 66421 Homburg Saar, Germany
J Autism Dev Disord 37:948-59. 2007Motor impairment in children with Asperger Syndrome (AS) or High functioning autism (HFA) has been reported previously. This study presents results of a quantitative assessment of neuromotor skills in 14-22 year old HFA/AS.
- Understanding and negotiating friendships: perspectives from an adolescent with Asperger syndromeBrooke Howard
Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
Autism 10:619-27. 2006This case study explored perceptions of friendship of an adolescent with Asperger syndrome. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, photographs taken by the adolescent, and quality of life and friendship measures...
- Head circumference in autism, Asperger syndrome, and ADHD: a comparative studyChristopher Gillberg
Department of Psychiatry, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, UK
Dev Med Child Neurol 44:296-300. 2002..Fifty consecutive children with Asperger syndrome (45 males, five females; mean age 9 years, range 1 year 6 months to 16 years) without indications of ..
- Disembedding performance in children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autismNils Kaland
Lillehammer University College, Faculty of Social Science, Norway
Autism 11:81-92. 2007..The participants in the present study were children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA) (N = 13), and a matched group of typically developing children and ..
- Anxiety and social worries in children with Asperger syndromeEmily Russell
School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 39:633-8. 2005OBJECTIVE: The current study examined anxiety and social worries in a group of children with Asperger syndrome (AS)...
- Investigation of neuroanatomical differences between autism and Asperger syndromeLinda J Lotspeich
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:291-8. 2004Autism and Asperger syndrome (ASP) are neurobiological conditions with overlapping behavioral symptoms and of unknown etiologies...
- The Friendship Questionnaire: an investigation of adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism, and normal sex differencesSimon Baron-Cohen
Department of Experimental Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
J Autism Dev Disord 33:509-17. 2003..In Study 2, we employed the FQ with n = 68 adults (51 males, 17 females) with Asperger Syndrome or high-functioning autism to test the theory that autism is an extreme form of the male brain...
- Altered cerebellar feedback projections in Asperger syndromeMarco Catani
Section of Brain Maturation, Department of Psychological Medicine and Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, SE58AF, UK
Neuroimage 41:1184-91. 2008..Here, the microstructural integrity of cerebellar white matter in adults with Asperger syndrome was studied using diffusion tensor magnetic resonance tractography...
- Savant memory for digits in a case of synaesthesia and Asperger syndrome is related to hyperactivity in the lateral prefrontal cortexDaniel Bor
Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
Neurocase 13:311-9. 2007..DT also has an elaborate form of synaesthesia for visually presented digits. Further more, DT also has Asperger syndrome (AS)...
- Social anxiety in high-functioning children and adolescents with Autism and Asperger syndromeSanna Kuusikko
Clinic of Child Psychiatric, University and University Hospital of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
J Autism Dev Disord 38:1697-709. 2008..and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) in a sample of fifty-four high-functioning subjects with autism or Asperger syndrome (HFA/AS) (M = 11.2 +/- 1.7 years) and 305 community subjects (M = 12.2 +/- 2.2 years)...
- Cognitive-behavioral treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder in a child with Asperger syndrome: a case reportJudy Reaven
Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262 0234, USA
Autism 7:145-64. 2003..outlines the cognitive-behavioral treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder in a 7-year-old female with Asperger syndrome. Interventions were based upon the work of March and Mulle and were adapted in light of the patient's ..
- Pragmatic inferences in high-functioning adults with autism and Asperger syndromeJudith Pijnacker
Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Autism Dev Disord 39:607-18. 2009..We carried out a behavioral study on high-functioning adults with autistic disorder (n = 11) and Asperger syndrome (n = 17) and matched controls (n = 28) to investigate whether they are capable of deriving scalar ..
- Functional anatomy of impaired selective attention and compensatory processing in autismMatthew K Belmonte
Cognitive Neuroimaging Laboratory, McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA 02478 1048, USA
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 17:651-64. 2003..These low-level attentional traits may be the developmental basis for higher-order cognitive styles such as weak central coherence...
- Executive processes in Asperger syndrome: patterns of performance in a multiple case seriesElisabeth L Hill
Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths College, University of London, New Cross, London SE14 6NW, United Kingdom
Neuropsychologia 44:2822-35. 2006..A comprehensive battery of 'executive' tests was administered to 22 individuals with Asperger syndrome and 22 well-matched controls...
- Autism spectrum disorderUta Frith
UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
Curr Biol 15:R786-90. 2005
- Cognitive differences in pictorial reasoning between high-functioning autism and Asperger's syndromeChérif P Sahyoun
Harvard MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, E25 519, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 39:1014-23. 2009..HFA participants appeared to favor visuospatial over linguistic mediation. The results support the use of linguistic versus visuospatial tasks for characterizing subtypes on the autism spectrum...
- Episodic memory and remembering in adults with Asperger syndromeD M Bowler
Department of Psychology, City University, London, United Kingdom
J Autism Dev Disord 30:295-304. 2000A group of adults with Asperger syndrome and an IQ-matched control group were compared in remember versus know recognition memory. Word frequency was also manipulated...
- Effectiveness of melatonin in the treatment of sleep disturbances in children with Asperger disorderE Juulia Paavonen
Department of Child Psychiatry, University of Helsinki, Lastenlinnantie 11 C 29, PO Box 280, 00029 HUS, Helsinki, Finland
J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 13:83-95. 2003..001). In conclusion, melatonin may provide an interesting new and well-tolerated treatment option for children with Asperger disorder suffering from chronic insomnia. However, these results must be confirmed in a controlled study...
- Spatial cognition in autism spectrum disorders: superior, impaired, or just intact?Jamie O Edgin
University of Denver, CO, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 35:729-45. 2005..There was no evidence for impairments in EF or in processing global/local information, therefore contradicting these two theories. The implications of these results for these two theories are discussed...
- An epidemiological and diagnostic study of Asperger syndrome according to four sets of diagnostic criteriaMarja Leena Mattila
Clinic of Child Psychiatry, University Hospital of Oulu, Finland
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:636-46. 2007This study evaluated the diagnostic process and prevalence rates of Asperger syndrome (AS) according to the DSM-IV, ICD-10, and criteria developed by Gillberg and Gillberg and by Szatmari and colleagues and clarified confusion about AS.
- Sleep in young adults with Asperger syndromePekka Tani
Department of Psychiatry, Helsinki University, Helsinki, Finland
Neuropsychobiology 50:147-52. 2004b>Asperger syndrome (AS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder belonging to autism spectrum disorders...
- Language abilities of children with Asperger syndromeSatu Saalasti
Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
J Autism Dev Disord 38:1574-80. 2008Current diagnostic taxonomies (ICD-10, DSM-IV) emphasize normal acquisition of language in Asperger syndrome (AS). Although many linguistic sub-skills may be fairly normal in AS there are also contradictory findings...
- Does DSM-IV Asperger's disorder exist?S D Mayes
Department of Psychiatry, The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, USA
J Abnorm Child Psychol 29:263-71. 2001..These findings are consistent with those of 5 other studies and indicate that a DSM-IV diagnosis of Asperger's disorder is unlikely or impossible...
- [Autism in childhood]Akira Nakane
Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi 108:1119-27. 2006
- Autistic spectrum disorders. 1: Presentation and assessmentAlice Jones
SGDP Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London
Community Pract 79:97-8. 2006..Differential diagnoses, management and possible causes of autistic spectrum disorders will be discussed in more detail in next month's Clinical Updates...
- Movement-related potentials in high-functioning autism and Asperger's disorderNicole J Rinehart
Department of Psychological Medicine, Monash Medical Centre, Victoria, Australia
Dev Med Child Neurol 48:272-7. 2006..The overlap between MRP traces for autism and Parkinson's disease suggests that the neurobiological wiring of motor functioning in autism may bypass the supplementary motor area/primary motor cortex pathway...
- Residual language deficits in optimal outcome children with a history of autismElizabeth Kelley
Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, 406 Babbidge Road, Unit 1020, Storrs, CT 06269 1020, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 36:807-28. 2006..Results indicated that while these children's grammatical capabilities are mostly indistinguishable from their peers, they are still experiencing difficulties in pragmatic and semantic language...
- Impairment of quality of life in parents of children and adolescents with pervasive developmental disorderDiego Mugno
Division of Child Neurology and Psychiatry, Department of Pediatrics, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
Health Qual Life Outcomes 5:22. 2007....
- Broader autism phenotype in parents of autistic children: reality or myth?Anke M Scheeren
Section Biological Developmental Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Maastricht, PO Box 616, Maastricht, Limburg 6200 MD, The Netherlands
J Autism Dev Disord 38:276-87. 2008..These results partly support and further elaborate on the BAP in parents with an autistic child...
- Maternal and paternal age and risk of autism spectrum disordersLisa A Croen
Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:334-40. 2007..To explore the association between maternal and paternal age and risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in offspring...
- Psychological and neurobehavioral comparisons of children with Asperger's Disorder versus High-Functioning AutismLinda L Thede
Psychology Department, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, PO Box 7150, Colorado Springs, CO 80933 7150, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 37:847-54. 2007..There were more similarities than differences between the two clinical samples on the personality scales, although the Asperger's group scored significantly on the two scales with anxiety components...
- Varying language register according to listener needs in speakers with autism spectrum disorderJoanne Volden
Speech Pathology and Audiology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada, T6G 2G4
J Autism Dev Disord 37:1139-54. 2007..Further stylistic adjustments were produced following increasingly specific prompts...
- Brief report: social and communication abilities and disabilities in higher functioning individuals with autism and Asperger syndromeCeline A Saulnier
Yale Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 7900, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 37:788-93. 2007..It focuses on the nature of ability and disability in HFA and Asperger syndrome (AS) in relation to age and IQ. Participants included 32 individuals with autism and 35 with AS...
- Amygdala volume and nonverbal social impairment in adolescent and adult males with autismBrendon M Nacewicz
Waisman Laboratory for Brain Imaging and Behavior, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Waisman Center, 1500 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:1417-28. 2006..Participants were 54 males aged 8 to 25 years, including 23 with autism and 5 with Asperger syndrome or pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified, recruited and evaluated at an academic center ..
- Social skills development in children with autism spectrum disorders: a review of the intervention researchSusan Williams White
School of Medicine, Virginia Treatment Center for Children, Virginia Commonwealth University, 515 North 10th Street, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 37:1858-68. 2007..Based on this review, the empirical support for this approach is incomplete, but promising intervention strategies were identified. Recommendations for the design of future treatment trials to guide clinical practice are offered...
- Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms in a clinic sample of children and adolescents with pervasive developmental disordersDouglas O Lee
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 16:737-46. 2006....
- Educational placements and service use patterns of individuals with autism spectrum disordersSUSAN WILLIAMS WHITE
Virginia Treatment Center for Children, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, 515 North 10th Street, Richmond, Virginia 23298, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 37:1403-12. 2007..Findings highlight the emphasis placed on certain child characteristics (e.g., cognitive ability), with far less emphasis on other areas (e.g., degree of social deficit), in educational placement and service provision...
- Social Skills Intervention for Adolescents with High Functioning Autism/AspergerDorothy Strickland; Fiscal Year: 2007..component, can ameliorate these problematic behaviors in children with high functioning autism and Asperger Syndrome (HFA/AS), disorders often grouped in the autism spectrum...
- GENOTYPE AND PHENOTYPE OF BRAINSTEM INJURY IN AUTISMPatricia Rodier; Fiscal Year: 2007..deficits, and mutations of early developmental genes in four groups with developmental disabilities (autism, Asperger syndrome, Mbius syndrome, and language disorder) and controls with typical development...
- Portable Guidance in Autism Spectrum DisorderGary Mesibov; Fiscal Year: 2005..aim to improve the social and executive functioning of Asperger Syndrome/High Functioning Autistic persons (AS/HFA) through an intervention program that features Portable, ..
- CBT/Comorbid Anxiety Disorders/Children/Asperger Syndro*Jeffrey Wood; Fiscal Year: 2005Anxiety disorders are commonly diagnosed in children with Asperger syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)...
- Supporting Transition In Vocation and Education (STRIVE)Cynthia Baker; Fiscal Year: 2007..support training materials for use in special education or advocacy settings for individuals with Asperger Syndrome and/or High-Functioning Autism (AS/HFA)...
- Cognitive Effects of Cerebellar Dysfunction in AutismJeanne Townsend; Fiscal Year: 2007..with autism: 1) to patients with cerebellar damage acquired in early childhood; and 2) to those with Asperger syndrome in which the cerebellum may be less affected...
- Autism: Social And Communication Predictors in SiblingsRebecca Landa; Fiscal Year: 2005Autism spectrum disorders (ASD, including Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified, Asperger syndrome) are characterized by significant impairment in communication and emotional understanding and expression, as ..
- The fusiform and amygalda in the pathobiology of autismRobert Schultz; Fiscal Year: 2009..Persons with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD: autism, asperger syndrome and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified) have a variety of deficits in the manner in ..
- The Epidemiology of Autism in a Low Birthweight CohortJennifer Pinto Martin; Fiscal Year: 2007..re-assessed at age 15-16 and parent report on screens for ASD (Social Communication Questionnaire and the Asperger Syndrome Screening Questionnaire) was obtained...
- GOAL DIRECTED MAGNETIC RESONANCE BRAIN MICRO IMAGINGRussell Jacobs; Fiscal Year: 2002..reciprocal social interaction and repetitive, odd behaviors. Asperger syndrome (AS) shares many features with autism, and may therefore have a largely overlapping, but nevertheless ..
- Divergence and Variability of Language Maps in AutismRALPH AXEL MUELLER; Fiscal Year: 2006..Thirty verbal individuals with autism, 24 subjects with Asperger syndrome (AS), and age, gender, and handedness-matched controls will be studied...