Genomes and Genes
Summary: A childhood disorder predominately affecting boys and similar to autism (AUTISTIC DISORDER). It is characterized by severe, sustained, clinically significant impairment of social interaction, and restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior. In contrast to autism, there are no clinically significant delays in language or cognitive development. (From DSM-IV)
Publications277 found, 100 shown here
- Verbal bias in recognition of facial emotions in children with Asperger syndromeJ B Grossman
Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8205, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 41:369-79. 2000Thirteen children and adolescents with diagnoses of Asperger syndrome (AS) were matched with 13 nonautistic control children on chronological age and verbal IQ...
- The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): evidence from Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematiciansS Baron-Cohen
Departments of Experimental Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EB, United Kingdom
J Autism Dev Disord 31:5-17. 2001..Individuals score in the range 0-50. Four groups of subjects were assessed: Group 1: 58 adults with Asperger syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA); Group 2: 174 randomly selected controls...
- The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autismS Baron-Cohen
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 42:241-51. 2001..Whilst that test succeeded in discriminating a group of adults with Asperger syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA) from controls, it suffered from several psychometric problems...
- Abnormal ventral temporal cortical activity during face discrimination among individuals with autism and Asperger syndromeR T Schultz
Child Study Center, Yale University, New Haven, Conn 06520 7900, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 57:331-40. 2000..Therefore, it is of considerable interest that individuals with autism and related conditions have selective deficits in face recognition (sparing nonface object recognition)...
- The empathy quotient: an investigation of adults with Asperger syndrome or high functioning autism, and normal sex differencesSimon Baron-Cohen
Autism Research Centre, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Rd, CB2 2AH United Kingdom
J Autism Dev Disord 34:163-75. 2004..In Study 1 we employed the EQ with n = 90 adults (65 males, 25 females) with Asperger Syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA), who are reported clinically to have difficulties in empathy...
- Enhanced perceptual functioning in autism: an update, and eight principles of autistic perceptionLaurent Mottron
Pervasive Developmental Disorders Specialized Clinic, Riviere des Prairies Hospital, and Fernand Seguin Research Center, University of Montreal, Canada
J Autism Dev Disord 36:27-43. 2006..and in the variability of apparent presentations within PDD (autism with and without typical speech, Asperger syndrome) in non-savant autistics...
- Autism, Asperger syndrome and brain mechanisms for the attribution of mental states to animated shapesFulvia Castelli
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, UK
Brain 125:1839-49. 2002Ten able adults with autism or Asperger syndrome and 10 normal volunteers were PET scanned while watching animated sequences...
- Dissociation of cognitive and emotional empathy in adults with Asperger syndrome using the Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET)Isabel Dziobek
Neurocognition of Decision Making, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195 Berlin, Germany
J Autism Dev Disord 38:464-73. 2008..the Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET), to assess empathy multidimensionally in a group of 17 individuals with Asperger syndrome (AS) and 18 well-matched controls...
- Can Asperger syndrome be distinguished from autism? An anatomic likelihood meta-analysis of MRI studiesKevin K Yu
Department of Psychiatry, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
J Psychiatry Neurosci 36:412-21. 2011The question of whether Asperger syndrome can be distinguished from autism has attracted much debate and may even incur delay in diagnosis and intervention...
- Differential activation of the amygdala and the 'social brain' during fearful face-processing in Asperger SyndromeChris Ashwin
Autism Research Centre, University of Cambridge, Department of Psychiatry, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Rd, Cambridge CB2 2AH, UK
Neuropsychologia 45:2-14. 2007..Thirteen adults with high-functioning autism or Asperger Syndrome (HFA/AS) and 13 matched controls...
- Association of DISC1 with autism and Asperger syndromeH Kilpinen
Department of Molecular Medicine, National Public Health Institute, Biomedicum, Helsinki, Finland
Mol Psychiatry 13:187-96. 2008..clustered in 1q42, in Finnish families ascertained for infantile autism (97 families, n(affected)=138) and Asperger syndrome (29 families, n(affected)=143)...
- Mindblind eyes: an absence of spontaneous theory of mind in Asperger syndromeAtsushi Senju
Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of London, London, UK
Science 325:883-5. 2009Adults with Asperger syndrome can understand mental states such as desires and beliefs (mentalizing) when explicitly prompted to do so, despite having impairments in social communication...
- Brief report: postural reactivity to fast visual motion differentiates autistic from children with Asperger syndromeBruno Gepner
Centre de Psychiatrie de l Enfant, Montperrin Hospital, Aix en Provence, France
J Autism Dev Disord 32:231-8. 2002..1995), we sought to determine whether children with Asperger syndrome (AS) would share the same postural hyporeactivity to visual motion...
- Finding a face in the crowd: testing the anger superiority effect in Asperger SyndromeChris Ashwin
Department of Psychiatry, Autism Research Centre, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Road, Cambridge CB2 2AH, UK
Brain Cogn 61:78-95. 2006..Autism and Asperger Syndrome (AS) are neurodevelopmental conditions characterised by social deficits, abnormal face processing, and ..
- Psychiatric comorbidity in young adults with a clinical diagnosis of Asperger syndromeTove Lugnegård
Department of Adult Habilitation, Central Hospital, Karlstad, Sweden
Res Dev Disabil 32:1910-7. 2011..The aim of the present study was to investigate psychiatric comorbidity in young adults with Asperger syndrome. Participants were 26 men and 28 women (mean age 27 years) with a clinical diagnosis of Asperger syndrome...
- Who cares? Revisiting empathy in Asperger syndromeKimberley Rogers
Millhauser Laboratories, Center for Brain Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 37:709-15. 2007A deficit in empathy has consistently been cited as a central characteristic of Asperger syndrome (AS), but previous research on adults has predominantly focused on cognitive empathy, effectively ignoring the role of affective empathy...
- Genes related to sex steroids, neural growth, and social-emotional behavior are associated with autistic traits, empathy, and Asperger syndromeB Chakrabarti
Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, Cambridge University, UK
Autism Res 2:157-77. 2009..Here we report a study of common genetic variation in candidate genes associated with autistic traits and Asperger syndrome (AS)...
- Absence of embodied empathy during pain observation in Asperger syndromeIlaria Minio-Paluello
Dipartimento di Psicologia, Sapienza, Universita di Roma, Rome, Italy
Biol Psychiatry 65:55-62. 2009b>Asperger syndrome (AS) is a neurodevelopmental condition within the autism spectrum conditions (ASC) characterized by specific difficulties in communication, social interaction, and empathy that is essential for sharing and understanding ..
- Systemizing empathy: teaching adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism to recognize complex emotions using interactive multimediaOfer Golan
Autism Research Centre, University of Cambridge, Department of Psychiatry, Cambridge, UK
Dev Psychopathol 18:591-617. 2006..Mind Reading, an interactive systematic guide to emotions, for its effectiveness in teaching adults with Asperger syndrome (AS) and high-functioning autism (HFA) to recognize complex emotions in faces and voices...
- The systemizing quotient: an investigation of adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism, and normal sex differencesSimon Baron-Cohen
Autism Research Centre, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EB, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 358:361-74. 2003..In Study 2 we employed the SQ and the EQ with n = 47 adults (33 males, 14 females) with Asperger syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA), who are predicted to be either normal or superior at systemizing, but ..
- Social skills training for adolescents with Asperger syndrome and high-functioning autismJeanie Tse
Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, QC, Canada
J Autism Dev Disord 37:1960-8. 2007The effectiveness of a social skills training group for adolescents with Asperger syndrome and high-functioning autism (AS/HFA) was evaluated. Parents of six groups of adolescents (n = 46, 61% male, mean age 14...
- Brief report: social and communication abilities and disabilities in higher functioning individuals with autism and Asperger syndromeCeline A Saulnier
Yale Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 7900, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 37:788-93. 2007..It focuses on the nature of ability and disability in HFA and Asperger syndrome (AS) in relation to age and IQ. Participants included 32 individuals with autism and 35 with AS...
- 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy markers of cognitive and language ability in clinical subtypes of autism spectrum disordersLidia Gabis
Weinberg Child Development Center, Safra Children s Hospital, Tel Hashomer, Israel
J Child Neurol 23:766-74. 2008..Magnetic resonance spectroscopy can provide important information regarding abnormal brain metabolism and clinical classification in autism spectrum disorders...
- Social and language skills in adolescent boys with Asperger syndromeC Koning
Glenrose Rehabilitation Hospital, Canada
Autism 5:23-36. 2001Twenty-one adolescent boys with Asperger syndrome and 21 boys matched on age and an estimate of IQ were assessed using standardized measures of social perception (Child and Adolescent Social Perception Measure, CASP), social skills (..
- Change in autism symptoms and maladaptive behaviors in adolescents and adults with an autism spectrum disorderPaul T Shattuck
University of Wisconsin, 533 Waisman Ctr, 1500 Highland Ave, Madison, WI 53705, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 37:1735-47. 2007..Compared to adolescents, older sample members (31 and older) had fewer maladaptive behaviors and experienced more improvement in these behaviors over time...
- Executive function deficits in autism spectrum disorders and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: examining profiles across domains and agesFrancesca Happe
MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
Brain Cogn 61:25-39. 2006..Within the present groups, the overall findings suggested less severe and persistent EF deficits in ASD (including Asperger Syndrome) than in ADHD.
- Annotation: The similarities and differences between autistic disorder and Asperger's disorder: a review of the empirical evidenceKathleen E Macintosh
School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Victoria, Australia
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 45:421-34. 2004..This paper provides a critical evaluation of current published research evidence...
- Inhibitory control in children with autism spectrum disorderShawn E Christ
Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 37:1155-65. 2007..More generally, the findings underscore the importance of using multiple measures to assess a putative single cognitive ability...
- Empathising and systemising in adults with and without Asperger SyndromeJohn Lawson
Autism Research Centre, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Road, Cambridge, CB2 2AH, UK
J Autism Dev Disord 34:301-10. 2004..Three groups of participants took part in the study: males with Asperger Syndrome (AS) (n = 18), males without AS, (n = 44) and females from the general population (n = 45)...
- fMRI of parents of children with Asperger Syndrome: a pilot studySimon Baron-Cohen
Department of Psychiatry, Autism Research Centre, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Road, Cambridge CB2 2AH, UK
Brain Cogn 61:122-30. 2006People with autism or Asperger Syndrome (AS) show altered patterns of brain activity during visual search and emotion recognition tasks. Autism and AS are genetic conditions and parents may show the 'broader autism phenotype.'
- The anatomy of extended limbic pathways in Asperger syndrome: a preliminary diffusion tensor imaging tractography studyLuca Pugliese
Section of Brain Maturation, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London SE5 8AF, UK
Neuroimage 47:427-34. 2009..microstructural integrity and age-related differences in the extended limbic pathways between subjects with Asperger syndrome and healthy controls...
- Outcome in high-functioning adults with autism with and without early language delays: implications for the differentiation between autism and Asperger syndromePatricia Howlin
Department of Psychology, St George s Hospital Medical School, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 ORE, UK
J Autism Dev Disord 33:3-13. 2003The question of whether Asperger syndrome and high-functioning autism should be considered as the same or different conditions has been a source of debate and controversy over recent years...
- Superior fluid intelligence in children with Asperger's disorderMika Hayashi
Department of Neuropsychiatry, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo, Japan
Brain Cogn 66:306-10. 2008..We suggest that individuals with Asperger's disorder have higher fluid reasoning ability than normal individuals, highlighting superior fluid intelligence...
- Asperger syndrome: a proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study of brainDeclan G M Murphy
Department of Psychological Medicine, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, England
Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:885-91. 2002b>Asperger syndrome (AS; an autistic disorder) is associated with impaired social skills and obsessional/repetitive behavior. Patients with autism have significant abnormalities in the frontal lobe and frontoparietal connectivity...
- The hyper-systemizing, assortative mating theory of autismSimon Baron-Cohen
Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Road, Cambridge, CB2 2AH, UK
Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 30:865-72. 2006..They appear 'change-resistant'. This proposal extends the extreme male brain theory of autism. Finally, evidence is reviewed for autism being the genetic result of assortative mating of two high systemizers...
- Asperger syndrome and autism: a comparative longitudinal follow-up study more than 5 years after original diagnosisMats Cederlund
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Goteborg University, Goteborg, Kungsgatan 12, 411 19, and Queen Silviás and Adolescent Hospital, Sweden
J Autism Dev Disord 38:72-85. 2008Prospective follow-up study of 70 males with Asperger syndrome (AS), and 70 males with autism more than 5 years after original diagnosis...
- Functional anatomy of impaired selective attention and compensatory processing in autismMatthew K Belmonte
Cognitive Neuroimaging Laboratory, McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA 02478 1048, USA
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 17:651-64. 2003..These low-level attentional traits may be the developmental basis for higher-order cognitive styles such as weak central coherence...
- Abnormal functional specialization within medial prefrontal cortex in high-functioning autism: a multi-voxel similarity analysisSam J Gilbert
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London, London, UK
Brain 132:869-78. 2009..This pattern was disrupted in the ASD group, indicating abnormal functional specialization within mrPFC, and demonstrating the applicability of multi-voxel pattern analysis to investigations of atypical populations...
- Avoidance of emotionally arousing stimuli predicts social-perceptual impairment in Asperger's syndromeBen Corden
Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London WC1N 1EH, UK
Neuropsychologia 46:137-47. 2008..Furthermore, our findings are consistent with theories implicating amygdala-mediated over-arousal and anxiety in the development of these social-perceptual deficits...
- Reading the mind in the voice: a study with normal adults and adults with Asperger syndrome and high functioning autismM D Rutherford
Department of Experimental Psychology, Autism Research Centre, University of Cambridge, UK
J Autism Dev Disord 32:189-94. 2002People with high functioning autism (HFA) and Asperger syndrome (AS) have deficits in theory of mind (ToM). Traditional ToM tasks are not sensitive enough to measure ToM deficits in adults, so more subtle ToM tests are needed...
- Proton MR spectroscopy: higher right anterior cingulate N-acetylaspartate/choline ratio in Asperger syndrome compared with healthy controlsO Oner
Child Psychiatry Department, SB Ankara Diskapi Children s Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 28:1494-8. 2007One former study reported higher prefrontal N-acetylaspartate (NAA) levels in patients with Asperger syndrome (AS)...
- A randomised controlled trial of a CBT intervention for anxiety in children with Asperger syndromeKate Sofronoff
School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Australia kate psy uq edu au
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:1152-60. 2005..study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a brief CBT intervention for anxiety with children diagnosed with Asperger syndrome (AS)...
- The level and nature of autistic intelligence II: what about Asperger syndrome?Isabelle Soulieres
Centre d Excellence en Troubles Envahissants du Développement de l Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
PLoS ONE 6:e25372. 2011..We investigated whether these findings extend to Asperger syndrome, an autistic spectrum subgroup characterized by verbal peaks of ability, and whether the cognitive ..
- Iron deficiency in autism and Asperger syndromeA Latif
Children Centre, Royal Glamorgan Hospital, Mid Glamorgan, UK
Autism 6:103-14. 2002This research considers the prevalence of iron deficiency in children with autism and Asperger syndrome and examines whether this will influence guidelines and treatment...
- Pervasive developmental disorders in preschool children: confirmation of high prevalenceSuniti Chakrabarti
Child Development Centre, Central Clinic, Stafford, UK
Am J Psychiatry 162:1133-41. 2005..6 per 10,000 in a previous study of preschoolers in Stafford, U.K. They conducted another survey in 2002 to estimate the prevalence in children in a later birth cohort and to compare it to previous findings from the same area...
- Comorbid psychiatric disorders associated with Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism: a community- and clinic-based studyMarja Leena Mattila
Clinic of Child Psychiatry, University Hospital of Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
J Autism Dev Disord 40:1080-93. 2010The present study identifies the prevalence and types of comorbid psychiatric disorders associated with Asperger syndrome (AS)/high-functioning autism (HFA) in a combined community- and clinic-based sample of fifty 9- to 16-year-old ..
- Brief report: biochemical correlates of clinical impairment in high functioning autism and Asperger's disorderNatalia M Kleinhans
Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Box 357115, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 39:1079-86. 2009..This suggests that altered metabolite levels in the amygdala may be associated with a more severe early developmental course in ASD...
- Multi-informant reports of psychiatric symptoms among high-functioning adolescents with Asperger syndrome or autismTuula Hurtig
Institute of Clinical Medicine, Department of Child Psychiatry, University of Oulu, OYS, Finland
Autism 13:583-98. 2009..Forty-three 11- to 17-year-old adolescents with Asperger syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA) and 217 typically developed adolescents completed the Youth Self-..
- Increased presynaptic dopamine function in Asperger syndromeTaina S Nieminen-von Wendt
Department of Child Neurology, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Central Hospital, PL 280, FIN 00029 HYKS, Helsinki, Finland
Neuroreport 15:757-60. 2004The etiology of Asperger syndrome is essentially unknown, but abnormality of the dopamine system has been shown in clinically overlapping disorders...
- Cortical serotonin 5-HT2A receptor binding and social communication in adults with Asperger's syndrome: an in vivo SPECT studyDeclan G M Murphy
Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychological Medicine, London, UK
Am J Psychiatry 163:934-6. 2006..e., autism and Asperger's syndrome) is unknown. The serotonergic (5-HT) system may be especially implicated. However, cortical 5-HT2A receptor density in adults with the disorder has not been examined, to the authors' knowledge...
- A new 'advanced' test of theory of mind: evidence from children and adolescents with Asperger syndromeNils Kaland
Lillehammer College, Norway
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 43:517-28. 2002The aim of the present study was to assess the ability of children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome (AS) (N = 21) to infer physical versus mental states on a new 'advanced' test of theory-of-mind - Stories from Everyday Life...
- Enhanced pure-tone pitch discrimination among persons with autism but not Asperger syndromeAnna Bonnel
McGill University, Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology, Canada
Neuropsychologia 48:2465-75. 2010..The participants were adolescents and young adults with autism, Asperger syndrome, and typical developmental histories, all with IQs in the normal range...
- Maturation of limbic regions in Asperger syndrome: a preliminary study using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and structural magnetic resonance imagingFinian M O'Brien
Department of Psychological Medicine, Kings College London, UK
Psychiatry Res 184:77-85. 2010People with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD, including Asperger syndrome) may have developmental abnormalities in the amygdala-hippocampal complex (AHC)...
- Similar developmental trajectories in autism and Asperger syndrome: from early childhood to adolescencePeter Szatmari
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Canada
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:1459-67. 2009..high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) from early childhood to adolescence using the presence and absence of structural language impairment (StrLI) as a way of differentiating autism from Asperger syndrome (AS).
- Impaired recognition of facial emotions from low-spatial frequencies in Asperger syndromeJari Kätsyri
Laboratory of Computational Engineering, Helsinki University of Technology, P O Box 9203, FI 02015 TKK, Finland
Neuropsychologia 46:1888-97. 2008..A group of 20 participants with Asperger syndrome (AS) was compared to a group of non-autistic age- and sex-matched controls...
- Executive processes in Asperger syndrome: patterns of performance in a multiple case seriesElisabeth L Hill
Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths College, University of London, New Cross, London SE14 6NW, United Kingdom
Neuropsychologia 44:2822-35. 2006..A comprehensive battery of 'executive' tests was administered to 22 individuals with Asperger syndrome and 22 well-matched controls...
- Conversational behaviors in youth with high-functioning ASD and Asperger syndromeRhea Paul
Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 39:115-25. 2009..The implications of these findings for understanding and treating conversational deficits in ASD are discussed...
- Social anxiety in high-functioning children and adolescents with Autism and Asperger syndromeSanna Kuusikko
Clinic of Child Psychiatric, University and University Hospital of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
J Autism Dev Disord 38:1697-709. 2008..and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) in a sample of fifty-four high-functioning subjects with autism or Asperger syndrome (HFA/AS) (M = 11.2 +/- 1.7 years) and 305 community subjects (M = 12.2 +/- 2.2 years)...
- Predictors of outcome among high functioning children with autism and Asperger syndromeP Szatmari
McMaster University, Canada
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 44:520-8. 2003The objective of this paper is to assess the extent to which measures of cognitive abilities taken in an inception cohort of young high functioning children with autism and Asperger syndrome predict outcome roughly two and six years later.
- Brief report: The use of WAIS-III in adults with HFA and Asperger syndromeAntoinette A Spek
Mental Health Center GGZ Eindhoven, Boschdijk 771, Postvak 1418, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
J Autism Dev Disord 38:782-7. 2008The WAIS III was administered to 16 adults with high functioning autism (HFA) and 27 adults with Asperger syndrome. Differences between Verbal Intelligence (VIQ) and Performance Intelligence (PIQ) were not found...
- Advanced mind-reading in adults with Asperger syndromeKoen S Ponnet
Ghent University, Belgium
Autism 8:249-66. 2004This study investigated the mind-reading abilities of 19 adults with Asperger syndrome and 19 typically developing adults. Two static mind-reading tests and a more naturalistic empathic accuracy task were used...
- Egocentrism, allocentrism, and Asperger syndromeUta Frith
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, UK
Conscious Cogn 14:719-38. 2005..We suggest here that people with Asperger syndrome suffer from a disconnection between a strong naïve egocentric stance and a highly abstract allocentric ..
- Three diagnostic approaches to Asperger syndrome: implications for researchAmi Klin
Yale Child Study Center, 230 South Frontage Road, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 35:221-34. 2005To examine the implications for research of the use of three alternative definitions for Asperger syndrome (AS)...
- Social attribution processes and comorbid psychiatric symptoms in children with Asperger syndromeJessica A Meyer
Developmetal Psychopathology Research Unit, University College London, UK
Autism 10:383-402. 2006The factors that place children with Asperger syndrome at risk for comorbid psychiatric symptoms, such as anxiety and depression, remain poorly understood...
- The CAST (Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test): preliminary development of a UK screen for mainstream primary-school-age childrenFiona J Scott
Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, UK
Autism 6:9-31. 2002The article describes a pilot and follow-up study of the preliminary development of a new tool to screen for Asperger syndrome (AS) and related social and communication conditions (the Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test, CAST) in children ..
- The Adult Asperger Assessment (AAA): a diagnostic methodSimon Baron-Cohen
Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, UK
J Autism Dev Disord 35:807-19. 2005At the present time there are a large number of adults who have suspected Asperger syndrome (AS). In this paper we describe a new instrument, the Adult Asperger Assessment (AAA), developed in our clinic for adults with AS...
- A scale to assist the diagnosis of autism and Asperger's disorder in adults (RAADS): a pilot studyRiva Ariella Ritvo
Yale Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 38:213-23. 2008..The RAADS does not distinguish between autism and Asperger's Disorder...
- White matter integrity in Asperger syndrome: a preliminary diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging study in adultsOswald J N Bloemen
Section of Brain Maturation, Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
Autism Res 3:203-13. 2010Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD), including Asperger syndrome and autism, is a highly genetic neurodevelopmental disorder...
- Temperament and character in adults with Asperger syndromeHenrik Soderstrom
Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Goteborg University, Sweden
Autism 6:287-97. 2002To study the personality characteristics of adults with Asperger syndrome, and investigate the value of self-rating personality inventories, we administered the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) to 31 outpatients with Asperger ..
- Repetitive behavior profiles in Asperger syndrome and high-functioning autismMikle South
Department of Psychology, University of Utah and Utah Autism Research Project, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 35:145-58. 2005..had two major aims: (1) to provide a detailed characterization of repetitive behaviors in individuals with Asperger Syndrome (AS), high-functioning autism (HFA), and typically developing controls (TD); and (2) to examine whether ..
- Neurophysiological evidence for cortical discrimination impairment of prosody in Asperger syndromeT Kujala
Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Neurosci Lett 383:260-5. 2005b>Asperger syndrome (AS), belonging to the autism spectrum of disorders, is one of the pervasive developmental disorders...
- Voxel-based morphometry elucidates structural neuroanatomy of high-functioning autism and Asperger syndromeHower Kwon
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA
Dev Med Child Neurol 46:760-4. 2004..images were acquired for nine males with high-functioning autism (HFA; mean age 14y [SD3y 4mo]), 11 with Asperger syndrome (ASP; mean age 13y 6mo [SD2y 5mo]), and 13 comparison (COM) participants (mean age 13y 7mo [SD 3y 1mo])...
- Attributing social meaning to ambiguous visual stimuli in higher-functioning autism and Asperger syndrome: The Social Attribution TaskA Klin
Yale Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 41:831-46. 2000More able individuals with autism and Asperger syndrome (AS) have been shown to pass relatively high level theory of mind (ToM) tasks without displaying commensurate levels of social adaptation in naturalistic settings...
- Psychosocial functioning in a group of Swedish adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autismI Engstrom
Psychiatric Research Centre, Orebro, Sweden
Autism 7:99-110. 2003This study reports on psychosocial functioning in Swedish adults with Asperger syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA)...
- Speech and prosody characteristics of adolescents and adults with high-functioning autism and Asperger syndromeL D Shriberg
Waisman Center on Mental Retardation and Human Development, University of Wisconsin Madison, 53705, USA
J Speech Lang Hear Res 44:1097-115. 2001..and prosody-voice profiles for 15 male speakers with High-Functioning Autism (HFA) and 15 male speakers with Asperger syndrome (AS) were compared to one another and to profiles for 53 typically developing male speakers in the same 10- ..
- Auditory perception and attention as reflected by the brain event-related potentials in children with Asperger syndromeT Lepistö
Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 9, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
Clin Neurophysiol 117:2161-71. 2006..development is delayed and deviant in individuals with autism, but proceeds quite normally in those with Asperger syndrome (AS)...
- Neuropsychological functioning in adults with Asperger syndromeFiona Z Ambery
Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
Autism 10:551-64. 2006There is some consensus in the literature regarding the cognitive profile of people with Asperger syndrome (AS)...
- 'All that glitters is not gold': misdiagnosis of psychosis in pervasive developmental disorders--a case seriesDavid R Dossetor
Department of Psychological Medicine, Children s Hospital at Westmead, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 12:537-48. 2007..It is evident that more needs to be done to improve diagnostic reliability of psychosis in PDD, by improving clinical awareness and research tools...
- The CAST (Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test): test accuracyJo Williams
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, UK
Autism 9:45-68. 2005The Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test (CAST) is a parental questionnaire to screen for autism spectrum conditions. In this validation study, the CAST was distributed to 1925 children aged 5-11 in mainstream Cambridgeshire schools...
- Immune allergic response in Asperger syndromeElizabeth S Magalhães
Laboratory of Neurobiology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Neurology Section, Pediatric Department, Fernandes Figueira Institute, FIOCRUZ, Brazil
J Neuroimmunol 216:108-12. 2009..These findings suggest that atopy is frequent in this subgroup of autism implying that allergic inflammation might be an important feature in Asperger syndrome.
- Obsessive-compulsive traits in children and adolescents with Asperger syndromeLiliana Ruta
Division of Child Neurology and Psychiatry, Department of Paediatrics, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 19:17-24. 2010..occurrence and characteristic features of obsessive-compulsive behaviours in children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome (AS), with respect to a matched obsessive compulsive disorder group (OCD) and a typically developing control ..
- Clinical evidence that Asperger's disorder is a mild form of autismRiva Ariella Ritvo
Yale University School of Medicine, Yale Child Study Center, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Compr Psychiatry 49:1-5. 2008..The aim of this study is to obtain clinical evidence to test the hypothesis that Asperger's disorder (AD) is a mild form of autism (AU)...
- The mitochondrial DNA A3243A>G mutation must be an infrequent cause of Asperger syndromeLindsey Kent
J Pediatr 149:280-1. 2006
- Auditory cortical change detection in adults with Asperger syndromeTuulia Lepistö
Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 9, University of Helsinki, and Department of Child Neurology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland
Neurosci Lett 414:136-40. 2007The present study investigated whether auditory deficits reported in children with Asperger syndrome (AS) are also present in adulthood...
- Global and configural visual processing in adults with autism and Asperger syndromeCecilie Rondan
Mediterranean Institute for Cognitive Neurosciences, UMR 6193, CNRS, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, Marseille Cedex, France
Res Dev Disabil 28:197-206. 2007This study was designed to explore how adults with autism and Asperger syndrome (ASD) would visually process compound figures...
- Tactile sensitivity in Asperger syndromeSarah Jayne Blakemore
Department of Psychology, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
Brain Cogn 61:5-13. 2006People with autism and Asperger syndrome are anecdotally said to be hypersensitive to touch. In two experiments, we measured tactile thresholds and suprathreshold tactile sensitivity in a group of adults with Asperger syndrome...
- Asperger syndrome: can the disorder be diagnosed in the adult age?Anna Sintes
Psychiatry and Psychology Service CIBERSAM, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona
Actas Esp Psiquiatr 39:196-200. 2011b>Asperger Syndrome (AS) is characterized by a qualitative disorder of social interaction, a pattern of restrictive, repetitive and stereotyped behavior, interests and activities, with normal intellectual capacity and normal language ..
- The classification of autism, Asperger's syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorderP Szatmari
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neursosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario
Can J Psychiatry 45:731-8. 2000..I review the historical development of the classification of PDD, summarize recent empirical data on issues of reliability and validity, and suggest a new approach to classification and understanding...
- Quantitative assessment of neuromotor function in adolescents with high functioning autism and Asperger SyndromeChristine M Freitag
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Saarland University Hospital, 66421 Homburg Saar, Germany
J Autism Dev Disord 37:948-59. 2007Motor impairment in children with Asperger Syndrome (AS) or High functioning autism (HFA) has been reported previously. This study presents results of a quantitative assessment of neuromotor skills in 14-22 year old HFA/AS.
- Head circumference in autism, Asperger syndrome, and ADHD: a comparative studyChristopher Gillberg
Department of Psychiatry, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, UK
Dev Med Child Neurol 44:296-300. 2002..Fifty consecutive children with Asperger syndrome (45 males, five females; mean age 9 years, range 1 year 6 months to 16 years) without indications of ..
- Defining the intellectual profile of Asperger Syndrome: comparison with high-functioning autismMohammad Ghaziuddin
Division of Child and Adolesccnt Psychiatry, University of Michigan Medical Center, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0390, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 34:279-84. 2004b>Asperger syndrome (AS) is a disorder of early childhood characterized by autistic social deficits, subtle communication impairment, and excessive isolated interests. There is no history of language delay or of mental retardation...
- Anxiety and social worries in children with Asperger syndromeEmily Russell
School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 39:633-8. 2005The current study examined anxiety and social worries in a group of children with Asperger syndrome (AS).
- Understanding and negotiating friendships: perspectives from an adolescent with Asperger syndromeBrooke Howard
Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
Autism 10:619-27. 2006This case study explored perceptions of friendship of an adolescent with Asperger syndrome. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, photographs taken by the adolescent, and quality of life and friendship measures...
- Higher plasma ACTH levels in adults with Asperger syndromePekka Tani
Department of Psychiatry, University of Helsinki, Finland
J Psychosom Res 58:533-6. 2005The aim of this preliminary study was to characterize the levels of plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol in adult patients with Asperger syndrome (AS).
- Disembedding performance in children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autismNils Kaland
Lillehammer University College, Faculty of Social Science, Norway
Autism 11:81-92. 2007..The participants in the present study were children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA) (N = 13), and a matched group of typically developing children and ..
- Neuropsychological mechanisms of Digit Symbol Substitution Test impairment in Asperger DisorderRoni Yoran-Hegesh
Research Unit, Beer Yakov Nes Ziona Mental Health Center, Nes Ziona, Israel
Psychiatry Res 166:35-45. 2009..Future neuroimaging studies are needed to clarify the neural network involved in the differences in cognitive performance between AD subjects and normal controls...
- Absence of a normal cortisol awakening response (CAR) in adolescent males with Asperger syndrome (AS)Mark Brosnan
Department of Psychology, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK
Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:1095-100. 2009..This study examined whether the CAR was evident in 20 adolescent males with Asperger Syndrome (AS) and 18 age-matched typically developing (TD) controls (aged 11-16)...
- Reflections on opening Pandora's boxLorna Wing
National Autistic Society Centre for Social and Communication Disorders, Elliot House, 113 Masons Hill, Bromley, Kent, BR2 9HT, UK
J Autism Dev Disord 35:197-203. 2005..It has highlighted the special contribution people with Asperger syndrome have made to the world. There has been a growth of specialist services but many more are needed...
- Investigation of neuroanatomical differences between autism and Asperger syndromeLinda J Lotspeich
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:291-8. 2004Autism and Asperger syndrome (ASP) are neurobiological conditions with overlapping behavioral symptoms and of unknown etiologies...
- Lessons learnt in conducting a clinical drug trial in children with Asperger SyndromeJohn Mathai
Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist, Royal Children s Hospital, Mental Health Service, Parkville, Vic, Australia
Australas Psychiatry 13:173-5. 2005To describe the authors' experience of conducting a clinical drug trial in children with Asperger Syndrome, including the pitfalls encountered and lessons learnt.
- A survey of sleep problems in autism, Asperger's disorder and typically developing childrenM A Polimeni
Psychology and Disability Studies, School of Health Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora, Australia
J Intellect Disabil Res 49:260-8. 2005..The aim of this study was to compare sleep patterns of children with autism and AD to a TD group of children...
- Social Skills Intervention for Adolescents with High Functioning Autism/AspergerDorothy Strickland; Fiscal Year: 2007..component, can ameliorate these problematic behaviors in children with high functioning autism and Asperger Syndrome (HFA/AS), disorders often grouped in the autism spectrum...
- GENOTYPE AND PHENOTYPE OF BRAINSTEM INJURY IN AUTISMPatricia Rodier; Fiscal Year: 2007..deficits, and mutations of early developmental genes in four groups with developmental disabilities (autism, Asperger syndrome, Mbius syndrome, and language disorder) and controls with typical development...
- Portable Guidance in Autism Spectrum DisorderGary Mesibov; Fiscal Year: 2005..aim to improve the social and executive functioning of Asperger Syndrome/High Functioning Autistic persons (AS/HFA) through an intervention program that features Portable, ..
- CBT/Comorbid Anxiety Disorders/Children/Asperger Syndro*Jeffrey Wood; Fiscal Year: 2005Anxiety disorders are commonly diagnosed in children with Asperger syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)...
- Supporting Transition In Vocation and Education (STRIVE)Cynthia Baker; Fiscal Year: 2007..support training materials for use in special education or advocacy settings for individuals with Asperger Syndrome and/or High-Functioning Autism (AS/HFA)...
- Cognitive Effects of Cerebellar Dysfunction in AutismJeanne Townsend; Fiscal Year: 2007..with autism: 1) to patients with cerebellar damage acquired in early childhood; and 2) to those with Asperger syndrome in which the cerebellum may be less affected...
- Autism: Social And Communication Predictors in SiblingsRebecca Landa; Fiscal Year: 2005Autism spectrum disorders (ASD, including Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified, Asperger syndrome) are characterized by significant impairment in communication and emotional understanding and expression, as ..
- The fusiform and amygalda in the pathobiology of autismRobert Schultz; Fiscal Year: 2009..Persons with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD: autism, asperger syndrome and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified) have a variety of deficits in the manner in ..
- The Epidemiology of Autism in a Low Birthweight CohortJennifer Pinto Martin; Fiscal Year: 2007..re-assessed at age 15-16 and parent report on screens for ASD (Social Communication Questionnaire and the Asperger Syndrome Screening Questionnaire) was obtained...
- GOAL DIRECTED MAGNETIC RESONANCE BRAIN MICRO IMAGINGRussell Jacobs; Fiscal Year: 2002..reciprocal social interaction and repetitive, odd behaviors. Asperger syndrome (AS) shares many features with autism, and may therefore have a largely overlapping, but nevertheless ..
- Divergence and Variability of Language Maps in AutismRALPH AXEL MUELLER; Fiscal Year: 2006..Thirty verbal individuals with autism, 24 subjects with Asperger syndrome (AS), and age, gender, and handedness-matched controls will be studied...