Genomes and Genes
Summary: Standardized objective tests designed to facilitate the evaluation of personality.
Publications201 found, 100 shown here
- Keratoconus, myopia, and personalityC A Cooke
Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Queen s University, Belfast, Northern Ireland
Cornea 22:239-42. 2003..To determine whether there is an association between keratoconus and personality attributes including obsessionality traits...
- Defense styles, personality traits, and psychopathological symptoms in nonclinical adolescentsPeter Muris
Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
J Nerv Ment Dis 191:771-80. 2003..Most importantly, regression analyses indicated that personality traits and defense styles both accounted for unique proportions of the variance in psychopathological symptoms...
- Paper-and-pencil and web-based testing: the measurement invariance of the Big Five personality tests in applied settingsMichele Vecchione
Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
Assessment 19:243-6. 2012..Practical implications for personality assessment are discussed...
- The brain's emotional foundations of human personality and the Affective Neuroscience Personality ScalesKenneth L Davis
Department of Psychology, The University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223 0001, USA
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 35:1946-58. 2011..Links with ontogenetic and epigenetic models of personality development are also presented. Potential novel clinical applications of the CARE maternal-nurturance system and the PLAY system are also discussed...
- The biological basis of anger: associations with the gene coding for DARPP-32 (PPP1R1B) and with amygdala volumeMartin Reuter
Department of Psychology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
Behav Brain Res 202:179-83. 2009..The present findings yield genetic evidence for the importance of dopaminergic signal transduction for the personality trait of ANGER. In addition volumetric MRI data support the role of the amygdala for the processing of anger...
- Validation of the dutch short form of the state scale of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory: considerations for usage in screening outcomesAkke K van der Bij
Center for Quality of Care Research, University Medical Center Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Community Genet 6:84-7. 2003..To validate the six-item short form of the state scale of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) for usage in screening outcomes in a Dutch population receiving preconception counseling...
- Polymorphisms in the serotonin transporter and monoamine oxidase A genes and their relationship to personality traits measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory and NEO Five-Factor Inventory in healthy volunteersJerzy Samochowiec
Department of Psychiatry, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland
Neuropsychobiology 50:174-81. 2004..Our results do not confirm the hypothesis that there is a simple correlation between single gene polymorphisms and a personality trait measured by the TCI and NEO-FFI scales...
- Neurobiological dimensional models of personality: a review of the models of Cloninger, Depue, and SieverJoel Paris
Department of Psychiatry at McGill University, Montreal, Canada
J Pers Disord 19:156-70. 2005..Our current understanding of neurobiology is insufficient to develop a model of personality on this basis. At this point, dimensions of personality should be derived from factor analysis rather than from neurobiological theories...
- Association between personality and adolescent smokingZeena Harakeh
Institute of Family and Child Care Studies, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Addict Behav 31:232-45. 2006..Additional findings showed that gender moderated the effect of Agreeableness on adolescents' smoking onset. Implications for prevention are also addressed...
- Who are the people reluctant to participate in research? Personality correlates of four different types of nonresponse as inferred from self- and observer ratingsBernd Marcus
Psychologisches Institut, Chemnitz University of Technology, Germany
J Pers 73:959-84. 2005..We found only weak evidence of personality correlates of careless and selective item nonresponse. Findings show that nonresponse biases may have significant implications for representativeness in surveys and personality test norms...
- The Val66Met coding variant of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene does not contribute toward variation in the personality trait neuroticismSaffron A G Willis-Owen
Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, Oxford University, Oxford, UK
Biol Psychiatry 58:738-42. 2005..The val66met variant located within the brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene (BDNF) has previously been associated with human neuroticism, a dimension of personality strongly predictive of depressive illness...
- Personality and gender differences in effects of d-amphetamine on risk takingTara L White
Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 15:599-609. 2007..There was evidence of discriminant validity between the AgPEM, NEM, and CON dimensions and behavioral responses to amphetamine. Implications for treatment and addiction are discussed. (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved...
- Association study of a functional MAOA-uVNTR gene polymorphism and personality traits in Chinese young femalesYounger W Y Yu
Yu s Psychiatric Clinic, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Neuropsychobiology 52:118-21. 2005..These results suggest that genetic variants of the MAOA gene may play a role in HA, but not in Novelty Seeking or Reward Dependence...
- Personality traits and sensitivity to pain in male chronic opioid addictsElon Eisenberg
Pain Relief Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel
J Opioid Manag 3:225-30. 2007..The aim of the present study was to examine the relations between personality traits and pain perception among in-treatment OAs in comparison with controls...
- Reconsidering the role of personality in placebo effects: dispositional optimism, situational expectations, and the placebo responseAndrew L Geers
Department of Psychology, University of Toledo, 2801 West Bancroft Street, Toledo, OH 43606 3390, USA
J Psychosom Res 58:121-7. 2005..Prior investigations have failed to find reliable personality differences in placebo responding. The present study tests the hypothesis that personality and situational variables interact to determine placebo responding...
- Personality assessment based on the five-factor model of personality structure in patients with primary open-angle glaucomaFumihiko Mabuchi
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi 409 3898, Japan
Jpn J Ophthalmol 49:31-5. 2005..However, none of the previous studies used a common structural theory of personality. In this study, we conducted a multicenter cross-sectional case-control study using the recently established five-factor model of personality structure...
- High-risk sexual behaviour & sensation seeking among heavy alcohol usersP S Chandra
Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India
Indian J Med Res 117:88-92. 2003..This study was undertaken with the aim to assess the relationship between sensation seeking and sexual risk taking among heavy alcohol users admitted to a De-addiction centre...
- Personality influences limbic-cortical interactions during sad mood inductionMichelle L Keightley
Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Neuroimage 20:2031-9. 2003....
- Patterns of psychopathological manifestations among ethnic Chinese living in BrazilYuan Pang Wang
Instituto de Psiquiatria Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, R Dr Ovídio Pires de Campos s n, Caixa Postal 8091, CEP 05403 010, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 254:36-42. 2004..This paper evaluates CMD among ethnic Chinese living in Brazil, by examining its psychometric properties and factorial structure of CHQ-12...
- Four dimensions of self-defining memories (specificity, meaning, content, and affect) and their relationships to self-restraint, distress, and repressive defensivenessPavel S Blagov
Emory University, USA
J Pers 72:481-511. 2004..Based on these findings, the authors discuss the place of self-defining memories in Conway and Pleydell-Pearce's Self-Memory System model of autobiographical memory and personality, more generally...
- An update on molecular genetic studies of human personality traitsRichard P Ebstein
S Herzog Memorial Hospital and Psychology Department, Scheinfeld Center, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
Appl Bioinformatics 1:57-68. 2002....
- Psychological mindedness and cognitive styleMark Beitel
Marymount Manhattan College, USA
J Clin Psychol 60:567-82. 2004..High-PM individuals are likely to bring these cognitive resources to bear in psychotherapy, a tendency that might explain why high PM patients make better use of treatment...
- Cortical atrophy and personality in multiple sclerosisRalph H B Benedict
Department of Neurology, State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine, New York, USA
Neuropsychology 22:432-41. 2008..There are reliable personality tests available for research in neurological disease, based on the well-known Five Factor Model...
- [Psychological features and cognitive styles of students entering medicine and other careers at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile]Marcela Bitran
Centro de Educación Médica, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago Centro
Rev Med Chil 132:809-15. 2004..However, it is also possible that medical students are similar to the students admitted to any other career with high admission requirements...
- Personality, treatment choice and satisfaction in patients with localized prostate cancerCraig A Block
Department of Urology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
Int J Urol 14:1013-8. 2007..We studied whether patient personality influences treatment choice and overall treatment satisfaction...
- Cloninger's temperament dimensions and epidermal growth factor A61G polymorphism in Finnish adultsL Keltikangas-Jarvinen
Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Genes Brain Behav 5:11-8. 2006..Our results demonstrate the importance of reliable phenotype assessment and lend support to the hypothesis that dopaminergic activity is one factor underlying stable temperament...
- Trait anxiety modulates supraliminal and subliminal threat: brain potential evidence for early and late processing influencesWen Li
Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, USA
Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 7:25-36. 2007..These results suggest that unconscious analysis of threat is intensified in those prone to anxiety, as is a later stage of threat processing subject to dynamic interactions between automatic and strategic influences...
- Alterations of the sense of self and personality in Parkinson's diseasePatrick McNamara
Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, VA Boston Healthcare System, MA 02130, USA
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 23:79-84. 2008..We hypothesized that alterations of subcomponents ('harm-avoidance') of personality and the sense of Self in patients with PD would be associated with executive cognitive dysfunction...
- [Prognostic value of studying personality traits of civil aviation pilots]T A Krapivnitskaia
Fiziol Cheloveka 33:97-100. 2007
- Co-morbidity of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder with focus on personality traits and related disorders in a tertiary referral centerChristian P Jacob
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Wuerzburg, Fuechsleinstr 15, 97080, Wuerzburg, Germany
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 257:309-17. 2007..The prevalence and consequences of co-morbid axis-I and axis-II disorders as well as personality traits were examined in a large cohort of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AADHD) at a tertiary referral center...
- Personality traits associated with caffeine intake and smokingManuel Gurpegui
Department of Psychiatry and Institute of Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Av Madrid 11, Granada, Spain
Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 31:997-1005. 2007....
- Morning and evening personality characteristics in a sample of young ItaliansG M Cavallera
Psychology Department, Catholic University of the Sacred Hearth, Largo Gemelli 1, 20123 Milan, Italy
Percept Mot Skills 104:277-86. 2007....
- Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy: a benign disorder? Personality traits and psychiatric symptomsBelinda Plattner
Universitätsklinik für Neuropsychiatrie des Kindes und Jugendalters, Medizinische Universität Wien, Wahringer Gurtel 18 20, 1090 Wien, Vienna, Austria
Epilepsy Behav 10:560-4. 2007..The aim of the present study was to investigate whether juveniles with a short history of JME exhibit psychopathological symptoms and/or personality irregularities...
- Emotional conflict and neuroticism: personality-dependent activation in the amygdala and subgenual anterior cingulateBrian W Haas
Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA
Behav Neurosci 121:249-56. 2007..This effect was driven to a greater extent by the anxious relative to the depressive characteristics of neuroticism and may constitute vulnerability markers for anxiety-related disorders...
- [Psychophysiological indices in six- to eight-year-old children under information load depending on anxiety as a stable individual characteristic]I A Krivolapchuk
Fiziol Cheloveka 32:13-21. 2006
- Tryptophan hydroxylase-2 gene variation influences personality traits and disorders related to emotional dysregulationLise Gutknecht
Molecular and Clinical Psychobiology, Department for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Wurzburg, Fuchsleinstrasse 15, 97080 Wurzburg, Germany
Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 10:309-20. 2007..These findings implicate alterations of 5-HT synthesis in emotion regulation and confirm TPH2 as a susceptibility and/or modifier gene of affective spectrum disorders...
- Personality types and coping style in hemodialysis patientsRuriko Kidachi
Department of Development and Aging, Division of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Hirosaki University, Hirosaki, Aomori, Japan
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 61:339-47. 2007..The last type was the balanced type (33.9%), which was defined by scores within mean range. In clinical practice, it is particularly important that the submissive and sensitive types should receive appropriate mental health care...
- Neuroendocrine stress responses to an oral academic examination: No strong influence of sex, repeated participation and personality traitsD Schoofs
Department of Psychology, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany
Stress 11:52-61. 2008..The findings indicate the neuroendocrine stress responses to laboratory stressors and to heralded real life stressors as well as the modulatory variables involved differ from each other...
- Integration of multidimensional self-concept and core personality constructs: construct validation and relations to well-being and achievementHerbert W Marsh
SELF Research Centre, University of Western Sydney, Australia
J Pers 74:403-56. 2006..Self-esteem, Big Five, and well-being factors explained only small amounts of variance in academic outcomes and support for their incremental validity after controlling for specific self-concept factors was weak...
- Specific personality traits and dopamine, serotonin genes in anxiety-depressive alcoholism among Han Chinese in TaiwanShu Cheng Lin
Institute of Behavioral Medicine, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC
Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 31:1526-34. 2007..We attempted to investigate whether the dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) and the serotonin transporter promoter region (5-HTTLPR) genes were involved in Novelty Seeking (NS) and Harm Avoidance (HA) of ANX/DEP ALC...
- The NEO-FFI is a reliable measure of premorbid personality in patients with probable Alzheimer's diseaseNicola Archer
Section of Old Age Psychiatry, King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Section of Old Age Psychiatry, Denmark Hill, London, UK
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 21:477-84. 2006..To assess the inter-informant reliability, intra-informant reliability and internal consistency of the NEO-FFI as a measure of premorbid personality in patients with Alzheimer's Disease (AD)...
- No association between the Clara cell secretory protein (CC16) gene polymorphism and personality traitsMamoru Tochigi
Department of Neuropsychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113 8655, Japan
Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 30:1122-4. 2006..As a result, no significant association was observed between the genotypes and the scores of the NEO PI-R or the STAI. The present results suggest that CC16 may not have a major role in the development of personality traits...
- Associations between delusion proneness and personality structure in non-clinical participants: comparison between young and elderly samplesFrank Larøi
Cognitive Psychopathology Unit, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
Psychopathology 39:218-26. 2006..The aims of the present study were, first, to explore the relation between age and the prevalence of delusion proneness and, second, to examine the association between personality and delusion proneness in young and elderly participants...
- [Affective temperaments: psychometric properties of the Hungarian TEMPS-A]Sándorter Rózsa
Eotvos Lorand Tudomanyegyetem, Pedagogiai és Pszichologiai Intezet, Budapest, Hungary
Psychiatr Hung 21:147-60. 2006..Based on the results obtained with the Hungarian normative sample, the TEMPS-A is a reliable and valid instrument in personality psychology, and further refinement on clinical samples opens new and interesting research avenues...
- Can personality traits help us explain disability in chronic schizophrenia?Andres Herran
Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Marques de Valdecilla, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 60:538-45. 2006..Outpatients with chronic schizophrenia showed high levels of neuroticism, harm avoidance, and introversion. Neuroticism significantly contributes to the long-term deficits found in patients with schizophrenia...
- The reverse of social anxiety is not always the opposite: the reverse-scored items of the social interaction anxiety scale do not belongThomas L Rodebaugh
Washington University in Saint Louis, USA
Behav Ther 38:192-206. 2007..Given the above results, we suggest investigators consider performing data analyses using only the straightforwardly worded items of the SIAS...
- Evaluating facet-level predictions and construct validity of depressive personality disorderSteven K Huprich
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Baylor University, Waco, TX 76798 7334, USA
J Pers Disord 17:219-32. 2003..Additional work is needed on improving the measurement of depressive personality disorder...
- Association between a polymorphism in the promoter region of the TPH2 gene and the personality trait of harm avoidanceMartin Reuter
Center of Psychobiology and Behavioral Medicine, Department of Psychology, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Strasse 10F, D 35394 Giessen, Germany
Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 10:401-4. 2007..A significant association between harm avoidance (HA), a trait related to anxiety, and the -703 G/T polymorphism was detected supporting the findings by Gutknecht and colleagues...
- Personality traits and brain dopaminergic function in Parkinson's diseaseV Kaasinen
Departments of Neurology and Radiology, University of Turku, and Turku PET Centre, P.O. Box 52, FIN-20521, Turku, Finland
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:13272-7. 2001..The correlation between the personality trait of harm avoidance and (18)F-dopa may reflect a specific feedback circuitry of neurotransmitters that is associated with negative emotionality in Parkinson's disease...
- Construct validity of the Life Orientation TestDiana Roscow Terrill
Counseling Center, Towson University, USA
J Pers Assess 79:550-63. 2002..Faking instructions did not significantly affect scores on the Hope Scale...
- [Personality and personality disorders II. The Specificity of the DAPP-model as a diagnostic system for personality disorders]E M Steinmeyer
Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie der Universität zu Köln
Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 70:641-6. 2002..Overall results support the assumption that PD can be represented by a dimensional system of personality traits with sufficient sensitivity and specificity...
- Personality testing and profiling for anaesthetic job recruitment: attitudes of anaesthetic specialists/consultants in New Zealand and ScotlandM T Kluger
Department of Anaesthesia, North Shore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand
Anaesthesia 57:116-22. 2002..Personality assessment, although not effective as the sole tool for candidate selection, may have a role in the process of anaesthetic job recruitment and warrants further investigation...
- [Personality and personality disorders I. Universality and sensitivity of dimensional personality models as diagnostic systems for personality disorders]E M Steinmeyer
Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie der Universität zu Köln
Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 70:630-40. 2002....
- Effects of (+/-) 3,4-methylene-dioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy) on dopamine system function in humansGilberto Gerra
Centro Studi Farmacotossicodipendenze, SERT, AUSL di Parma, Via Spalato 2, 43100 Parma, Italy
Behav Brain Res 134:403-10. 2002....
- Personality trait of behavioral inhibition is associated with oscillatory systems reciprocal relationshipsGennadij G Knyazev
State Research Institute of Physiology, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Timakova str, 4, Novosibirsk 630117, Russia
Int J Psychophysiol 48:247-61. 2003..Although the presented empirical data partly supported the theory, it remains to be speculative and needs further empirical validation...
- Personality profiles in patients with eating disordersMasahito Tomotake
Department of Psychiatry, The University of Tokushima School of Medicine, Japan
J Med Invest 49:87-96. 2002..The assessment of personality in a cross-sectional study, however, might be influenced by the various states of the illness. Therefore, a sophisticated longitudinal study will be required to advance this area of research...
- Growth environment and personality in adult migraineurs and their migraine-free siblingsB Persson
Department of Psychology, University of Lund, Sweden
Headache 37:159-68. 1997....
- [Influence of the personality traits of the parents and children on the autonomic regulation of the heart rate in children of preschool age and adolescents]D A Dimitriev
Fiziol Cheloveka 29:54-9. 2003
- The relationship of cognitive, personality, and academic measures to anesthesiology resident clinical performanceD L Reich
Department of Anesthesiology, The Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
Anesth Analg 88:1092-100. 1999..A predictive academic variable was poor anesthesia knowledge as measured by using two different tests during the first month of training. There were varying levels of independence among these variables...
- Personality factors and medical training: a review of the literatureEva M Doherty
National Surgical Training Centre, The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland
Med Educ 45:132-40. 2011..Most of the studies cited in the literature were published before the year 2000. The authors therefore undertook a literature search to determine whether any prospective systematic studies have been published since 2000...
- Psychologic management of brace therapy for patients with idiopathic scoliosisShunji Matsunaga
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kagoshima Graduate School of Medicine and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:547-50. 2005..A trial of brace therapy modified by a measured personality pattern of patients with idiopathic scoliosis was performed...
- On not "giving psychology away": the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory and public controversy over testing in the 1960sRoderick D Buchanan
Institute for Psychological Research, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
Hist Psychol 5:284-309. 2002..The need to adjust intelligence and aptitude tests reinforced psychologists' control over them. Conversely, personality tests were not made more transparent and nonintrusive, unless psychologists thought these changes were ..
- Situational judgment tests as a new tool for dental student selectionTine Buyse
Department of Personnel Management and Work, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
J Dent Educ 75:743-9. 2011..Therefore, interviews and personality tests are often used to measure noncognitive (e.g., interpersonal) characteristics...
- [Analysis of a case series of workers with mobbing syndrome]B Marinoni
Scuola di Specializzazione in Medicina del Lavoro, Universita degli Studi di Pavia
G Ital Med Lav Ergon 29:354-6. 2007..All patients underwent occupational health visit, psychological counselling (including personality tests administration), and psychiatric evaluation...
- Personality changes in Alzheimer's diseaseE Talassi
Department of Medicine, Istituto Clinico S Anna, Hospital, Brescia, Italy
Aging Ment Health 11:526-31. 2007..Assessment of personality changes in patients with dementia has received little systematic investigation, although caregivers report personality modifications in every phase of dementia...
- The influence of depression on the outcome of treatment in occupational dermatoses workersSaid Abd El Azim
Department of Psychiatry, Kasr El Eini Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
J Dermatolog Treat 20:203-7. 2009..Contact dermatitis accounts for approximately 50% of occupational illnesses and is responsible for an estimated 25% of all lost work days...
- A life-long prospective study on the role of psychosocial factors in neck-shoulder and low-back painE Viikari Juntura
Department of Physiology, Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 16:1056-61. 1991..Measurements taken in adolescence, such as intelligence, alexithymia (low verbal productivity in projective personality tests), social confidence, hobbies, and the socioeconomic status of the family, showed no consistent associations ..
- Attitude towards aggression and creative functioning in patients with breast cancerA Lilja
University Hospital, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Lund, Sweden
Percept Mot Skills 87:291-303. 1998Three projective personality tests were used to assess attitude to aggression (The Identification Test), anxiety and defenses (The Meta-Contrast Technique) and creative functioning (The Creative Functioning Test) in 70 patients with ..
- [Psychosomatic concept of hyperthyroidism-Graves type--behavioral and biochemical characteristics]Saveta Draganic-Gajic
Medicinski fakultet, Beograd, Institut za mentalno zdravlje
Med Pregl 61:383-8. 2008..In this study we test the hypothesis that specific behavioral and biochemical vulnerabilities characterize individuals with hyperthyroidism-Graves type, one of the classically cited "psychosomatic disorders"...
- A comparison of the millon behavioral medical diagnostic and millon behavioral health inventory with medical populationsEdward A Wise
Mental Health Resources, PLLC, Memphis, TN 38119, USA
J Clin Psychol 66:1281-91. 2010There is a lack of normative data on broadband omnibus types of personality tests with medical populations...
- A survey of psychological test use patterns among forensic psychologistsRobert P Archer
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Eastern Virginia Medical School, VA 23507 1972, USA
J Pers Assess 87:84-94. 2006..forensic evaluations conducted with adults using multiscale inventories, single-scale tests, unstructured personality tests, cognitive and/or intellectual tests, neuropsychological tests, risk assessment and psychopathy instruments, ..
- Characteristics of empirically supported treatmentsW O'Donohue
Department of Psychology, University of Nevada, Reno 89557, USA
J Psychother Pract Res 9:69-74. 2000..Traditional assessment methods, such as intelligence testing, projectives, and objective personality tests such as the MMPI-2, are rarely used in these treatments...
- Item placement on a personality measure: effects on faking behavior and test measurement propertiesLynn A McFarland
Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
J Pers Assess 78:348-69. 2002Although personality tests are widely used to select applicants for a variety of jobs, there is concern that such measures are fakable...
- Understanding pretest and posttest reactions to cognitive ability and personality testsD Chan
Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824 1117, USA
J Appl Psychol 83:471-85. 1998..in tests, pretest reactions, test performance, and posttest reactions were modeled for cognitive ability and personality tests. Results from structural equation models that were fitted to responses from 197 undergraduate examinees ..
- Ruptured cerebral aneurysm patients treated by clipping or coiling: comparison of long-term neuropsychological and personality outcomesM Preiss
Psychiatric Center, Prague, Czech Republic
Zentralbl Neurochir 68:169-75. 2007..A prospective study was conducted to compare the neuropsychological outcome of surgical versus endovascular treatment in patients with cerebral aneurysms...
- The relations between personality and language useChang H Lee
Department of Psychology, Sogang University, Korea
J Gen Psychol 134:405-13. 2007The authors of this study provided basic descriptive data on the correlation between personality tests and Korean language use...
- Can you handle failure?Ben Dattner
Dattner Consulting, USA
Harv Bus Rev 89:117-21, 139. 2011..The first step is to cultivate self-awareness; several personality tests can help you assess your interaction style...
- [Psychopathologic deficits after polytrauma in childhood and adolescence]Thomas Nau
Universitätsklinik für Unfallchirurgie, Wahringer Gurtel 18 20, 1090 Wien, Osterreich
Wien Med Wochenschr 153:526-9. 2003..The aim of this report was to evaluate psychological deficits following polytrauma in childhood and adolescence as well as to detect psychological vulnerable phases during the treatment period...
- Implicit anxiety measure predicts cardiovascular reactivity to an evaluated speaking taskBoris Egloff
Department of Psychology, Johannes Gutenberg Universitat Mainz, Germany
Emotion 2:3-11. 2002Explicit personality tests assess introspectively accessible self-descriptions. By contrast, implicit personality tests assess introspectively inaccessible processes that operate outside of awareness...
- Integrative neuroscience: the role of a standardized databaseE Gordon
The Brain Resource Company, Ultimo, Australia
Clin EEG Neurosci 36:64-75. 2005..MRI), arousal (skin conductance responses (SCR)s, heart rate, respiration), neuropsychological and personality tests, genomics and demographics: The Brain Resource International Database...
- Non-association between Neo-5 personality tests and multiple mini-interviewKulamakan Kulasegaram
McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 15:415-23. 2010..Thus, an efficient paper and pencil test of non-cognitive skills is needed. One possibility is personality tests. Tests of the five factor model of personality, and in particular the factor of conscientiousness, has ..
- "A coherent datum of perception": Gordon Allport, Floyd Allport, and the politics of "personality"I A Nicholson
St Thomas University
J Hist Behav Sci 36:463-70. 2000..Floyd proposed the subject to his brother as a dissertation topic, and the two worked closely on developing personality tests. By 1924, however, "personality" had become the site of a dispute between the two brothers over the ..
- How do mental health professionals evaluate candidates for bariatric surgery? Survey resultsAnthony N Fabricatore
Weight and Eating Disorders Program, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3535 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Obes Surg 16:567-73. 2006..Many surgery programs require that candidates undergo a preoperative psychological evaluation, but no consensus exists for guiding mental health professionals in the conduct of these evaluations...
- A woman lost in the cemetery: A case of time-limited amnesiaA Comparelli
Department of Neurosciences, Sapienza University Rome, 2nd Medical School, Unit of Psychiatry, Sant Andrea Hospital, Rome, Italy
Neurocase 16:23-30. 2010..Magnetic Resonance Imaging showed only some non-specific abnormalities. On personality tests, a histrionic structure of personality emerged, with obsessive and narcissistic traits accompanied by ..
- Undergraduate nursing students' compatibility with the nursing professionMohsen Adib-Hajbaghery
Faculty of Nursing, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
BMC Med Educ 5:25. 2005..Due to the lack of studies on Iranian nursing students' personality traits, this study was designed to assess freshmen nursing students' personality characteristics and their compatibility with the demands of the nursing profession...
- A field study of frame-of-reference effects on personality test validityJohn M Hunthausen
Department of Psychology, Portland State University, USA
J Appl Psychol 88:545-51. 2003..05). The authors' discussion focuses on implications for personality theory and research and on implications for increasing the validity of personality tests in organizational settings.
- Association study of catechol-O-methyltransferase gene and dopamine D4 receptor gene polymorphisms and personality traits in healthy young chinese femalesShih Jen Tsai
Department of Psychiatry, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
Neuropsychobiology 50:153-6. 2004..Similar to the results of a recent meta-analytic review, however, no association was demonstrated between this DRD4 polymorphism and novelty seeking in our young Chinese female sample population...
- Interpersonal dependency in borderline personality disorder: clinical context and empirical evidenceRobert F Bornstein
Derner Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies, Adelphi University, Garden City, NY 11530, USA
J Pers Disord 24:109-27. 2010..Theoretical, clinical, and empirical implications of these patterns are discussed...
- Empathic deficits and alexithymia in trauma-related impulsive aggressionAndra L Teten
Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, MS F 63, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Behav Sci Law 26:823-32. 2008..Consideration of alexithymia in impulsive aggression has implications for its etiology, prevention and treatment...
- Personality traits distinguishing dementia with Lewy bodies from Alzheimer diseaseJames E Galvin
Alzheimer Disease Research Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
Neurology 68:1895-901. 2007..To identify personality traits that distinguish dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) from Alzheimer disease (AD)...
- Empirical correlates of low scores on MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF restructured clinical scales in a sample of university studentsTatyana V Avdeyeva
University of St Thomas, St Paul, MN, USA
Assessment 19:388-93. 2012..The authors identified and discussed meaningful MPQ-based personality characteristics of the low scoring subjects...
- Evidence for the criterion validity and clinical utility of the Pathological Narcissism InventoryKatherine M Thomas
Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 1116, USA
Assessment 19:135-45. 2012..These results provide further evidence regarding the validity and utility of the narcissistic grandiosity and narcissistic vulnerability constructs as measured by the PNI...
- Using reliability generalization methods to explore measurement error: an illustration using the MMPI-2 PSY-5 scalesSteven V Rouse
Social Sciences Division, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA 90263, USA
J Pers Assess 88:264-75. 2007..Sample size was not significantly correlated with reliability estimates. RG methods have the potential for deepening the level of understanding about the role of reliability in the evaluation and use of personality tests.
- The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy: a preliminary psychometric study and group comparisons in Korean physiciansDae Hun Suh
Department of Dermatology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yongon Dong, Chongno Gu, Seoul 110 744, Korea
Med Teach 34:e464-8. 2012..Empathy is an important element of professionalism in medicine. Thus, evaluation and enhancement empathy in physicians is important, regardless of geographical boundaries...
- Individuals taking a French driving licence points recovery course: their attitudes towards violationsNathalie Nallet
Unité mixte de recherche et surveillance transport travail environnement, UMRESTTE, 25 Avenue François Mitterrand, Case 24, Bron F 69675, France
Accid Anal Prev 40:1836-43. 2008..The group of course-takers is divided into two main clusters ("offenders" and "victims") which require a completely different approach on the part of the training staff...
- Personality and oral healthW Murray Thomson
Department of Oral Sciences, Sir John Walsh Research Institute, School of Dentistry, The University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Eur J Oral Sci 119:366-72. 2011..Because the attitudes and values tapped into by personality tests can be altered by brief cognitive interventions, those might be useful in preventive dentistry.
- [Anthropological study on hearing deficit]Cornelia Rada
Academia Română, Institutul de Antropologie Francisc I Rainer Bucureşti
Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 112:489-95. 2008..Professional training of hearing impaired persons is conditioned by the stage of psychologic development and by educational level...
- Personality characteristics of multiple sclerosis patients: a Rorschach investigationAna Ozura
University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Division of Neurology, Neurological Rehabilitation Unit, Neuropsychological Unit, Zaloska 2, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Clin Neurol Neurosurg 112:629-32. 2010..A chronic neurological disorder brings many life stresses and affects the patient's ability to cope with them. This study explored the personality characteristics in a sample of MS patients...
- Assessing the five factors of personality in adolescents: the junior version of the Spanish NEO-PI-RGenerós Ortet
Department of Basic and Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, Universitat Jaume I, Castello, Spain
Assessment 19:114-30. 2012..Furthermore, a joint factor analysis of the JS NEO and the Big Five Questionnaire-Children (BFQ-C) provided additional evidence for the construct validity of the JS NEO...
- [Clinical interpretation of the subjective complaint of dryness in contact lens wearers]Tai ichiro Chikama
Department of Biomolecular Recognition and Ophthalmology, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, Ube, Japan
Nihon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi 109:355-61. 2005....
- Cross-validation of Levenson's Psychopathy Scale in a sample of federal female inmatesChad A Brinkley
Department of Psychology, United States Medical Center for Federal Prisoners, Springfield, MO 65801, USA
Assessment 15:464-82. 2008..Implications for both research and clinical practice using the LSRPS with female inmates are discussed...
- A Model of Autobiographical Memory &Its Changes in PTSDDavid C Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2013..It includes tests of current PTSD symptom severity, mood and personality tests, as well as health data, to do a truly prospective study of current PTSD symptoms as predicted by measures ..
- COMMUNITY-BUILDING TO PROMOTE BIOMEDICAL HEALTH CAREERSCharles Evans; Fiscal Year: 2004..baseline reading, writing and math skills and post-program assessment, as well as interest inventory and personality tests. All participants as well as program faculty and consultants, will evaluate individual curricular elements ..
- EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL ABUSE ON THE AGING BRAINGeorge Fein; Fiscal Year: 2004..g., brain "functional reserve," presence of the APOE-epsilon4 allele) that may modulate the effects of chronic alcohol abuse/dependence and age on brain structure and function. ..
- CHRONIC COCAINE ABUSE EFFECTS ON P50 AND P3A ERPSGeorge Fein; Fiscal Year: 2001..Finally, samples of active cocaine abusers will be studied. ..
- IMPLICIT AND UNCONSCIOUS COGNITIONAnthony Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2002..This award will release the PI from responsibilities that compete with the opportunity to mentor Ph.D. trainees. ..
- UNCONSCIOUS AND IMPLICIT COGNITIONAnthony Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Reward and reinforcement in implicit power motivationOLIVER SCHULTHEISS; Fiscal Year: 2002..In addition, the role of facial aflective expressions as indicators of power motivation reward and the time course of the hypothesized power motivation reward and reinforcement effects will be explored in these studies. ..
- A Virtual Laboratory for the Social and Behavioral SciencesBRIAN NOSEK; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Risk and Protective Mechanisms in Child MaltreatmentJungmeen Kim; Fiscal Year: 2007..Furthermore, the proposed research will provide critical information for the development of effective preventive interventions for child abuse and neglect. ..
- Novel Intervention for Drug Use and HIV Risk among Anxiety Sensitive Heroin UsersCarl W Lejuez; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Reducing Obesity & Diabetes in High Risk YouthROBIN G WHITTEMORE; Fiscal Year: 2010..In minority communities, the rates are as high as nearly 30%. Approaches that are appealing to youth and that can be cost-effectively delivered are necessary to reduce this epidemic. ..
- Impulsivity at Different Stages of Adolescent SmokingBrady Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2007..The possible role of impulsive behavior as a mediator between negative life events and cigarette-smoking status among adolescents will be explored. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Predictors of Drug Related Attentional Biases among Crack/Cocaine Users with PTSDMATTHEW TULL; Fiscal Year: 2007..Consequently, this study will have tremendous public health benefits. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Imaging Individual Differences in Amphetamine EffectsTara L White; Fiscal Year: 2010..This goal is important given the increasingly problematic use of amphetamines by adolescents and young adults nation-wide. ..
- Orbitofrontal cortex, impulsivity, reinforcementsMichael Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006..I will test the hypothesis that this is reflected both in the ability to use reinforcements to guide future behavior, and in the extent to which OFC is recurited during these behavioral adjustments. ..
- Characterizing Affective Instability Using EMATimothy Trull; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Steroid influences on brain maturationJULIA ZEHR; Fiscal Year: 2006..A basic understanding of the processes controlling pubertal brain development provides a timely foundation for future studies of self-administered steroids, disease states, or environmental endocrine disrupters. ..
- Goal Activation, Expectations, and Placebo AnalgesiaANDREW GEERS; Fiscal Year: 2007..A better understanding the role of motivation in placebo responding has important implications for future clinical trials as well as ongoing efforts to alleviate chronic and acute pain. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Social Anxiety Disorder and Emotion RegulationTODD KASHDAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..Findings could ultimately lead to the development of more effective intervention efforts. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Comparing Personality Disorder Models: FFM and DSM-IVDouglas Samuel; Fiscal Year: 2008..It is hoped that this research will help to better conceptualize personality difficulties and ultimately a more coherent and useful diagnostic system. ..
- Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of PTSD in SMI ClientsKim T Mueser; Fiscal Year: 2010..The results of this research will bring the field one step closer to having an evidence-based practice for trauma and PTSD in clients with SMI. ..
- Improving Outcomes in Pharmacotherapy of Social PhobiaMurray Stein; Fiscal Year: 2009..It thus directly addresses a critical public health issue that adversely affects a substantial proportion of the population. ..
- Individual Differences in Extrastriatal DA ReleaseDavid Zald; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- REM and NREM Processing SpecializationsPatrick McNamara; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Lead Exposure, HPA Axis Dysfunction, and Blood Pressure: Hypertension RiskNancy Fiedler; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Role of depression and anxiety in the tobacco epidemicRenee Goodwin; Fiscal Year: 2008..Use of the NESARC offers a unique opportunity to analyze a large, longitudinal, epidemiologic dataset. ..
- A California Population-Based Twin Study of AutismJoachim Hallmayer; Fiscal Year: 2008..3) is there a continuum between the quantitative neurocognitive traits and clinical disorder? (4) what proportion of the variance in the neurocognitive traits is accounted for by genetic and non-genetic factors? ..
- Vascular Depression: Longitudinal ChangesWarren D Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposal will provide important new data on neuroradiologic and neuropsychological factors contributing to recurrent or chronic depression in older individuals. ..
- A PRESCRIPTION FOR ENHANCING RESIDENT QUALITY OF LIFEAnn Kolanowski; Fiscal Year: 2008..This study holds promise for improving quality of life for nursing home residents with dementia by using theoretically based activities to respond to their needs. ..
- Preventing Type 2 Diabetes in At-Risk YouthMargaret Grey; Fiscal Year: 2006..It is expected that this important and timely study will provide valuable information to help youth manage obesity, and potentially prevent T2DM and its long-term physical and psychosocial complications. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- NEUROGENETICS, SEROTONIN, AND HUMAN AGGRESSIONSTEPHEN MANUCK; Fiscal Year: 2003..This application is the resubmission of a prior proposal of the same title. ..
- Testing a Behavioral Predictor of HIV RiskCarl Lejuez; Fiscal Year: 2003..We believe this research can set the stage for future studies aiming to predict the occurrence of HIV-risk behaviors, prior to their occurrence, which may lead to more effective, individualized HIV-prevention programs. ..
- Self-Regulatory Focus Theory & Smoking CessationDavid Haaga; Fiscal Year: 2003..If results support the applicability of self-regulatory focus theory to smoking, this could have implications for improving motivational appeals in smoking cessation programs. ..
- IMPROVING CARE FOR PANIC DISORDER IN PRIMARY CAREMurray Stein; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Drug Choice, Impulsivity, and Risky Sexual BehaviorCarl Lejuez; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Dementia of Parkinson Type: Clinicopathologic PhenotypeJames Galvin; Fiscal Year: 2004..At the completion of the award period, candidate plans to develop an independent R01 project derived from the data generated by the experiments described in this proposal. ..
- An Interactionist Model of Interpersonal DependencyRobert Bornstein; Fiscal Year: 2004..g., depression). ..
- Pathways to Distured Emotions, Perceptions & BeliefsHoward Berenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Smoking CessationDavid Haaga; Fiscal Year: 2004..Undergraduate students will rate a subjectively scored coping measure as well as the adherence and differentiability of treatment conditions, based on therapy session tapes. ..
- FAMILY INTERVENTION FOR SMI AND SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERSKim Mueser; Fiscal Year: 2005..Improvements in these areas may the have long-term benefit of maintaining family involvement with dually diagnosed clients, thereby reducing housing instability and homelessness. ..
- INFRASTRUCTURE TO FACILITATE DISCOVERY OF AUTISM GENESJoachim Hallmayer; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Comorbid childhood anxiety and asthmaRenee Goodwin; Fiscal Year: 2006..That study will involve a longitudinal epidemiologic preventive intervention study aimed at reducing the risk of anxiety disorders among pediatric asthma/allergy patients. ..
- ADOLESCENT DYSFUNCTION AND SMOKING SUSCEPTIBILITYLarry Jamner; Fiscal Year: 2001..The long range goal is to utilize the information obtained on susceptibility to smoking in adolescents in designing more effective smoking prevention and cessation programs. ..
- ALTERING BEHAVIORAL RISK FOR DRUG DEPENDENCEDON CHEREK; Fiscal Year: 2001..Pharmacological effects of these therapeutics drugs on such behavior in a high risk population may provide information relating to alternative strategies in dealing with drug dependence. ..
- BEHAVIORAL MECHANISM IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONSDON CHEREK; Fiscal Year: 2001..Demonstrating such fundamental differences may lead to different approaches in attempts to modify antisocial behavior among high risk populations with such behavioral tendencies. ..
- DEVELOPMENT OF BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER FEATURESTimothy Trull; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- ADVANCED ANALYSIS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF ALCOHOL PROBLEMSBengt Muthen; Fiscal Year: 2005..The central part of the substantive training will occur through collaboration with a few key experts in alcohol and related fields. ..
- Narp Expression and Drugs of AbuseIrving Reti; Fiscal Year: 2002..B) Develop methods to manipulate expression of Narp in the VTA using the herpes simplex virus vector system. ..
- Threat and Attention in Adolescent AnxietyKoraly Perez Edgar; Fiscal Year: 2008..Work, such as this proposed research program, will help contribute to attempts to treat and prevent anxiety in adolescents. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Solvent Exposure: Functional Imaging and BehaviorNancy Fiedler; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Psychological distress in survivors of head/neck cancerHenrietta Logan; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Emotional Stimulus Processing in Normal Aging & Mild ADChristopher Wright; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Pharmacological fMRI to Identify New Anxiolytics: A Human BioassayMurray Stein; Fiscal Year: 2008..Enhancing the development of new treatments for anxiety is a public health priority. The projects proposed in this application have the potential to achieve this important aim. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neural Substrates of Component Lexical Semantic ProcessesBRIAN GOLD; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- PREDICTING DEPRESSION OUTCOMES IN MEDICALLY ILL ELDERSHarold Koenig; Fiscal Year: 2003..It will also provide important information to both guide future clinical trials and identify barriers to effective treatment of depression in these patients. ..
- Longitudinal Studies of Conscientiousness and HealthBRENT ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2008..of the grant into the interplay of conscientiousness, health behaviors, and social environmental factors over time, permitting us to test the predictive validity of conscientiousness in a prospective longitudinal design; ..
- Factors Related to Juvenile Drug Court CompletionMEGAN RUTHERFORD; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Imaging Individual Differences in Amphetamine EffectsTARA WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Pragmatic language skills in patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD)Patrick McNamara; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Geriatric Depression Outcomes: Prognostic FactorsWarren Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2007..Discussion: These findings will better describe the role of neural connectivity and striatofrontal dysfunction in geriatric depression. ..
- Phylogeny of SleepPatrick McNamara; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- A PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF RISK OF MORTALITY AFTER SCIJames Krause; Fiscal Year: 2002..Risk profiles will be generated to identify individuals at greatest risk for early mortality. Separate analyses and risk profiles will be generated based on injury severity, gender and race/ethnicity. ..