intelligence tests

Summary

Summary: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Intellectual ability and cortical development in children and adolescents
    P Shaw
    Child Psychiatry Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20182, USA
    Nature 440:676-9. 2006
  2. ncbi Intrauterine exposure to alcohol and tobacco use and childhood IQ: findings from a parental-offspring comparison within the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
    Rosa Alati
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, 4006 Australia
    Pediatr Res 64:659-66. 2008
  3. ncbi The neuroscience of human intelligence differences
    Ian J Deary
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:201-11. 2010
  4. pmc Clinical and cognitive characteristics of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, with and without copy number variants
    Kate Langley
    Department of Psychological Medicine and Neurology, and MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 199:398-403. 2011
  5. ncbi The Raven's progressive matrices: change and stability over culture and time
    J Raven
    30 Great King Street, Edinburgh, EH3 6QH, Scotland
    Cogn Psychol 41:1-48. 2000
  6. ncbi Childhood IQ and cardiovascular disease in adulthood: prospective observational study linking the Scottish Mental Survey 1932 and the Midspan studies
    C L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, 1 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Soc Sci Med 59:2131-8. 2004
  7. pmc Low-level environmental lead exposure and children's intellectual function: an international pooled analysis
    Bruce P Lanphear
    Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229 3039, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:894-9. 2005
  8. ncbi Meta-analysis of intellectual and neuropsychological test performance in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    Thomas W Frazier
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    Neuropsychology 18:543-55. 2004
  9. ncbi The level and nature of autistic intelligence
    Michelle Dawson
    Pervasive Developmental Disorders Specialized Clinic, Hôpital Rivière des Prairies, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Psychol Sci 18:657-62. 2007
  10. pmc Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and cognitive abilities among U.S. children and adolescents
    Kimberly Yolton
    Cincinnati Children s Environmental Health Center, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229 3039, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:98-103. 2005

Detail Information

Publications250 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Intellectual ability and cortical development in children and adolescents
    P Shaw
    Child Psychiatry Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20182, USA
    Nature 440:676-9. 2006
    ..This study indicates that the neuroanatomical expression of intelligence in children is dynamic...
  2. ncbi Intrauterine exposure to alcohol and tobacco use and childhood IQ: findings from a parental-offspring comparison within the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
    Rosa Alati
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, 4006 Australia
    Pediatr Res 64:659-66. 2008
    ..Our findings suggest that the relationship between maternal moderate alcohol and tobacco use in early pregnancy and childhood IQ may not be explained by intrauterine mechanisms...
  3. ncbi The neuroscience of human intelligence differences
    Ian J Deary
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:201-11. 2010
    ..There is also evidence that brain efficiency correlates positively with intelligence...
  4. pmc Clinical and cognitive characteristics of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, with and without copy number variants
    Kate Langley
    Department of Psychological Medicine and Neurology, and MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 199:398-403. 2011
    ..Submicroscopic, rare chromosomal copy number variants (CNVs) contribute to neurodevelopmental disorders but it is not known whether they define atypical clinical cases...
  5. ncbi The Raven's progressive matrices: change and stability over culture and time
    J Raven
    30 Great King Street, Edinburgh, EH3 6QH, Scotland
    Cogn Psychol 41:1-48. 2000
    ..Subsequent sections deal with variation over time. A possible explanation for the variation in norms over time and between ethnic groups within countries is offered...
  6. ncbi Childhood IQ and cardiovascular disease in adulthood: prospective observational study linking the Scottish Mental Survey 1932 and the Midspan studies
    C L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, 1 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Soc Sci Med 59:2131-8. 2004
    ..Adjustment for risk factors attenuated the childhood IQ-CVD relationship by a small amount before age 65. Childhood IQ was associated with CVD risk factors and events and can be considered an important new risk factor...
  7. pmc Low-level environmental lead exposure and children's intellectual function: an international pooled analysis
    Bruce P Lanphear
    Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229 3039, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:894-9. 2005
    ..5 microg/dL (p = 0.015). We conclude that environmental lead exposure in children who have maximal blood lead levels < 7.5 microg/dL is associated with intellectual deficits...
  8. ncbi Meta-analysis of intellectual and neuropsychological test performance in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    Thomas W Frazier
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    Neuropsychology 18:543-55. 2004
    ..These findings indicate that overall cognitive ability is significantly lower among persons with ADHD and that FSIQ may show as large a difference between ADHD and control participants as most other measures...
  9. ncbi The level and nature of autistic intelligence
    Michelle Dawson
    Pervasive Developmental Disorders Specialized Clinic, Hôpital Rivière des Prairies, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Psychol Sci 18:657-62. 2007
    ..We conclude that intelligence has been underestimated in autistics...
  10. pmc Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and cognitive abilities among U.S. children and adolescents
    Kimberly Yolton
    Cincinnati Children s Environmental Health Center, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229 3039, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:98-103. 2005
    ..These data, which indicate an inverse association between ETS exposure and cognitive deficits among children even at extremely low levels of exposure, support policy to further restrict children's exposure...
  11. ncbi The Danish draft board's intelligence test, Børge Priens Prøve: psychometric properties and research applications through 50 years
    Thomas W Teasdale
    Department of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Psychol 50:633-8. 2009
    ....
  12. pmc Effect of breast feeding on intelligence in children: prospective study, sibling pairs analysis, and meta-analysis
    Geoff Der
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow G12 8RZ
    BMJ 333:945. 2006
    ..To assess the importance of maternal intelligence, and the effect of controlling for it and other important confounders, in the link between breast feeding and children's intelligence...
  13. ncbi IQ and mental disorder in young men
    Erik Lykke Mortensen
    Department of Health Psychology, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5A, PO Box 2099, 1014 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Br J Psychiatry 187:407-15. 2005
    ..Most research investigating the relationship between IQ and risk of mental disorder has focused on schizophrenia...
  14. pmc Age-related temporal and parietal cortical thinning in autism spectrum disorders
    Gregory L Wallace
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1366, USA
    Brain 133:3745-54. 2010
    ..e. greater thinning) may be characteristic of these disorders...
  15. pmc Neurocognition in youth and young adults under age 30 at familial risk for schizophrenia: a quantitative and qualitative review
    Jessica Agnew-Blais
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Cogn Neuropsychiatry 18:44-82. 2013
    ..Studying nonpsychotic relatives ("familial high-risk", or FHR) allows for identification of cognitive vulnerability markers independent of confounds associated with psychosis...
  16. pmc Are specific language impairment and dyslexia distinct disorders?
    Hugh W Catts
    Department of Speech Language Hearing, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045, USA
    J Speech Lang Hear Res 48:1378-96. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether specific language impairment (SLI) and dyslexia are distinct developmental disorders...
  17. ncbi Perception of biological motion in autism spectrum disorders
    Christine M Freitag
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Saarland University Hospital, Homburg, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 46:1480-94. 2008
    ....
  18. pmc Maternal smoking during pregnancy and intellectual performance in young adult Swedish male offspring
    Frida Lundberg
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 24:79-87. 2010
    ..Thus, the association between prenatal smoking exposure and offspring risk of low intellectual performance appears to be completely confounded by familial (genetic and early environmental) factors...
  19. ncbi Physical fitness and lifetime cognitive change
    Ian J Deary
    Department of Psychology, School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Neurology 67:1195-200. 2006
    ..To test the hypothesis that physical fitness is associated with more successful cognitive aging...
  20. ncbi Exposure to arsenic and lead and neuropsychological development in Mexican children
    J Calderon
    Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Av Venustiano Carranza 2405, 78210 San Luis Potosi, Mexico
    Environ Res 85:69-76. 2001
    ..Our results suggest that exposure to As and chronic malnutrition could have an influence on verbal abilities and long-term memory, while Pb exposure could affect the attention process even at low levels...
  21. ncbi Cognitive function in 6- to 12-year-old offspring of women with Type 1 diabetes
    R C Temple
    Elsie Bertram Diabetes Centre, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital NHS Trust, Norwich, UK
    Diabet Med 28:845-8. 2011
    ..Maternal diabetes is a recognized risk factor for congenital malformation, perinatal morbidity and obesity in later childhood. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of maternal diabetes on cognitive function in offspring...
  22. ncbi Cognitive effects of long-term benzodiazepine use: a meta-analysis
    Melinda J Barker
    School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
    CNS Drugs 18:37-48. 2004
    ..The literature that is available is difficult to interpret due to conflicting results as well as a variety of methodological flaws...
  23. ncbi Evolution of the brain and intelligence
    Gerhard Roth
    Hanse Institute for Advanced Study, D 27753 Delmenhorst, Germany
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:250-7. 2005
    ..The outstanding intelligence of humans appears to result from a combination and enhancement of properties found in non-human primates, such as theory of mind, imitation and language, rather than from 'unique' properties...
  24. ncbi Developmental trajectory of number acuity reveals a severe impairment in developmental dyscalculia
    Manuela Piazza
    INSERM CEA Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif sur Yvette, France
    Cognition 116:33-41. 2010
    ..These results establish for the first time a clear association between dyscalculia and impaired "number sense", and they may open up new horizons for the early diagnosis and rehabilitation of mathematical learning deficits...
  25. ncbi Physiological correlates of intellectual function in children with sickle cell disease: hypoxaemia, hyperaemia and brain infarction
    Alexandra M Hogan
    Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    Dev Sci 9:379-87. 2006
    ..This supports the hypothesis that lowered intellectual function is partly explained by chronic hypoxia, and has wider implications for our understanding of SCD pathophysiology...
  26. ncbi Intellectual and functional outcome of children 3 years old or younger who have CNS malignancies
    Maryam Fouladi
    Department of Hematology Oncology, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, 332 N Lauderdale, Memphis, TN 38105 2794, USA
    J Clin Oncol 23:7152-60. 2005
    ....
  27. ncbi Factors associated with poor academic achievement among urban primary school children in Malaysia
    L C Ong
    Department of Paediatrics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaacob Latif, Kuala Lumpur 56000, Malaysia
    Singapore Med J 51:247-52. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with poor academic achievement during the early school years...
  28. ncbi EEG alpha oscillations during the performance of verbal creativity tasks: differential effects of sex and verbal intelligence
    Andreas Fink
    Department of Psychology, University of Graz, Austria
    Int J Psychophysiol 62:46-53. 2006
    ..Task-related alpha power changes during creative problem solving were also moderated by verbal IQ and sex...
  29. pmc Neuropsychological dysfunction and neuroimaging abnormalities in neurologically intact adults with sickle cell anemia
    Elliott P Vichinsky
    Department of Hematology Oncology, Children s Hospital and Research Center Oakland, 747 52nd St, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    JAMA 303:1823-31. 2010
    ..Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a chronic illness causing progressive deterioration in quality of life. Brain dysfunction may be the most important and least studied problem affecting individuals with this disease...
  30. pmc Water arsenic exposure and children's intellectual function in Araihazar, Bangladesh
    Gail A Wasserman
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:1329-33. 2004
    ..5 microg/L. The association was generally stronger for well-water As than for urinary As...
  31. pmc Enhanced visual processing contributes to matrix reasoning in autism
    Isabelle Soulieres
    Neural Systems Group, Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:4082-107. 2009
    ..Visual processing mechanisms may therefore play a more prominent role in reasoning in autistics...
  32. ncbi Critical risk factors for intellectual impairment in children with posterior fossa tumors: the role of cerebellar damage
    Jacques Grill
    Department of Paediatric and Adolescent Oncology, Gustave Roussy Institute, Villejuif, France
    J Neurosurg 101:152-8. 2004
    ..The authors studied the effects in 76 children treated for a malignant posterior fossa tumor in a cross-sectional study...
  33. ncbi A neural basis for general intelligence
    J Duncan
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Science 289:457-60. 2000
    ..The results suggest that "general intelligence" derives from a specific frontal system important in the control of diverse forms of behavior...
  34. pmc Young offspring at genetic risk of adult psychoses: the form of the trajectory of IQ or memory may orient to the right dysfunction at the right time
    Michel Maziade
    Laval University and Centre de Recherche Université Laval Robert Giffard, Laval, Quebec, Canada
    PLoS ONE 6:e19153. 2011
    ..This led to the following developmental question: Do IQ and memory impairments exhibit different developmental courses from childhood to young adulthood in terms of stability or fluctuations?..
  35. ncbi IQ in children with autism spectrum disorders: data from the Special Needs and Autism Project (SNAP)
    T Charman
    Centre for Research in Autism and Education, Department of Psychology and Human Development, Institute of Education, London, UK
    Psychol Med 41:619-27. 2011
    ..However, there are few data from epidemiological studies...
  36. ncbi Children's human figure drawings do not measure intellectual ability
    Emma Willcock
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    J Exp Child Psychol 110:444-52. 2011
    ..We conclude that the DAP:QSS is not a valid measure of intellectual ability and should not be used as a screening tool...
  37. ncbi Radiographic predictors of neurocognitive functioning in pediatric Sickle Cell disease
    Mary C Kral
    Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, 29425, USA
    J Child Neurol 21:37-44. 2006
    ..We found an association between low hemoglobin and neurocognitive impairment. We also found that abnormalities on transcranial Doppler ultrasonography can herald subtle neurocognitive deficits. (J Child Neurol 2006;21:37-44)...
  38. pmc Behaviour and developmental effects of otitis media with effusion into the teens
    K E Bennett
    MRC Institute of Hearing Research, University Park, Nottingham, UK
    Arch Dis Child 85:91-5. 2001
    ..To examine whether behavioural or cognitive sequelae of otitis media with effusion (OME) continue into late childhood and the early teens (11-18 years)...
  39. ncbi Deficits of organizational strategy and visual memory in obsessive-compulsive disorder
    M S Shin
    Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Neuropsychology 18:665-72. 2004
    ..The direct effect of diagnosis (OCD or healthy) on the immediate recall condition of the ROCF was also significant. This study indicates that people with OCD have poor memory function and organizational deficits...
  40. ncbi NTM and NR3C2 polymorphisms influencing intelligence: family-based association studies
    Yue Pan
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, College of Arts and Sciences, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 35:154-60. 2011
    ..In conclusion, our findings provide evidence that chromosome regions of 11q25 and 4q31.1 contain genes affecting IQ. This study will serve as a resource for replication in other populations...
  41. ncbi A new selective developmental deficit: Impaired object recognition with normal face recognition
    Laura Germine
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Cortex 47:598-607. 2011
    ..The existence of a case of non-face developmental visual agnosia would indicate that the development of normal face recognition mechanisms does not rely on the development of normal object recognition mechanisms...
  42. ncbi Relationships between IQ and regional cortical gray matter thickness in healthy adults
    Katherine L Narr
    Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, Department of Neurology, Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 7334, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:2163-71. 2007
    ..Sex moderates regional relationships that may index dimorphisms in cognitive abilities, overall processing strategies, or differences in structural organization...
  43. ncbi The relationships between low levels of urine fluoride on children's intelligence, dental fluorosis in endemic fluorosis areas in Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia, China
    Yunpeng Ding
    Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081, Heilongjiang, China
    J Hazard Mater 186:1942-6. 2011
    ....
  44. ncbi Growth of the corpus callosum in adolescents born preterm
    Matthew Allin
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Division of Psychological Medicine and Psychiatry, London SE5 8AF, England
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:1183-9. 2007
    ..To examine the growth of the corpus callosum between adolescence and early adulthood in individuals who were born before 33 weeks' gestation (very preterm [VPT]) and its relation to neuropsychological function...
  45. ncbi Dysfunctional neural network of spatial working memory contributes to developmental dyscalculia
    S Rotzer
    MR Center, University Children s Hospital, Steinwiesstrasse 75, CH 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuropsychologia 47:2859-65. 2009
    ..These poor spatial working memory processes may inhibit the formation of spatial number representations (mental numberline) as well as the storage and retrieval of arithmetical facts...
  46. ncbi The effect of early human diet on caudate volumes and IQ
    Elizabeth B Isaacs
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, University College London Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom
    Pediatr Res 63:308-14. 2008
    ..Our findings may partly explain the effects of early diet on cognition and the predominant effects in males. They are among the first to show that human brain structure can be influenced by early nutrition...
  47. ncbi A longitudinal twin study on IQ, executive functioning, and attention problems during childhood and early adolescence
    Tinca J C Polderman
    Department of Biological Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Neurol Belg 106:191-207. 2006
    ..IQ performance at age 5 was the best predictor of IQ at age 12. IQ at both ages was influenced by the same genes, whose influence was amplified during development...
  48. pmc Negative effects of paternal age on children's neurocognitive outcomes can be explained by maternal education and number of siblings
    RYAN D EDWARDS
    Department of Economics, Queens College and The Graduate Center, City University of New York, Flushing, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e12157. 2010
    ..But nature and nurture are both important for child outcomes, and it is important to control for both when drawing inferences about either pathway...
  49. ncbi Genome-wide scan of IQ finds significant linkage to a quantitative trait locus on 2q
    M Luciano
    Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Herston, Brisbane, Australia
    Behav Genet 36:45-55. 2006
    ..Association studies of candidate genes, particularly those involved in neural transmission and development, will be directed to genes located under the linkage peaks identified in this study...
  50. ncbi Working memory, short-term memory, and general fluid intelligence: a latent-variable approach
    R W Engle
    School of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta 30332 0170, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 128:309-31. 1999
    ..The authors also discuss the relationship of this capability to controlled attention, and the functions of the prefrontal cortex...
  51. ncbi A pilot study of blood lead levels and neurobehavioral function in children living in Chennai, India
    David C Bellinger
    Department of Neurology, Children s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Int J Occup Environ Health 11:138-43. 2005
    ..0+/-22.5, respectively. Behavior ratings were not associated with blood lead level. Lead exposure is a significant problem among Indian children, with many having blood lead levels associated with increased neurodevelopmental risk...
  52. ncbi Matching strategies in cognitive research with individuals with high-functioning autism: current practices, instrument biases, and recommendations
    Laurent Mottron
    Centre de Recherche Fernand Seguin and Département de Psychiatrie, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Canada
    J Autism Dev Disord 34:19-27. 2004
    ..Accordingly, the former instruments are a potential source of type-1 (for cognitive deficits) or type-2 (for cognitive hyperfunctioning) errors...
  53. ncbi Relationship between intelligence and the size and composition of the corpus callosum
    Amanda D Hutchinson
    School of Psychology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Exp Brain Res 192:455-64. 2009
    ..Our results suggest that CC morphology is related to cognitive performance, which may have implications for clinical populations in whom CC morphology is atypical...
  54. pmc Does IQ predict total and cardiovascular disease mortality as strongly as other risk factors? Comparison of effect estimates using the Vietnam Experience Study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Heart 94:1541-4. 2008
    ..To compare the strength of the relation of two measurements of IQ and 11 established risk factors with total and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality...
  55. ncbi Very preterm birth is associated with disabilities in multiple developmental domains
    Anneloes L van Baar
    Department of Psychology and Health, Pediatric Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    J Pediatr Psychol 30:247-55. 2005
    ..Presence of disabilities in more than one developmental domain will show a more serious outcome picture for extreme preterm infants and may be related to a different degree of perinatal problems...
  56. ncbi Cognitive traits link to human chromosomal regions
    Steven Buyske
    Department of Statistics, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USA
    Behav Genet 36:65-76. 2006
    ..Although the validity of these results beyond populations with a susceptibility for alcohol dependence is unclear, these results are among the first linkage results for non-language components of cognition...
  57. pmc A genomic screen of autism: evidence for a multilocus etiology
    N Risch
    Department of Genetics, M322, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5120, USA
    Am J Hum Genet 65:493-507. 1999
    ..Our results suggest that positional cloning of susceptibility loci by linkage analysis may be a formidable task and that other approaches may be necessary...
  58. ncbi Neuropsychological correlates of hair arsenic, manganese, and cadmium levels in school-age children residing near a hazardous waste site
    Robert O Wright
    Harvard School of Public Health, USA
    Neurotoxicology 27:210-6. 2006
    ..No other significant relationships were found. These results suggest the need to study further the neuropsychological correlates of developmental exposure to Mn and As, particularly as a mixture...
  59. ncbi Intelligence and neural efficiency: further evidence of the influence of task content and sex on the brain-IQ relationship
    Aljoscha C Neubauer
    Department of Psychology, University of Graz, Universitaetsplatz 2 III A 8010 Graz, Austria
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 25:217-25. 2005
    ..Furthermore, the sexes displayed topographical differences of neural efficiency patterns...
  60. pmc Neuropsychological function in children with blood lead levels <10 microg/dL
    Pamela J Surkan
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Landmark Building, 4th Floor, 401 Park Drive, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Neurotoxicology 28:1170-7. 2007
    ..Overall, our analyses support prior research that children's blood levels <10 microg/dL are related to compromised cognition and highlight that these may especially be related to academic achievement...
  61. ncbi The significance of family history in first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorder
    Ross M G Norman
    University of Western Ontario, Prevention and Early Intervention Program for Psychosis, London, Ontario, Canada
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:846-52. 2007
    ..The findings provide evidence that presence of a positive family history in first-episode patients is associated with a more pernicious form of illness...
  62. ncbi A linkage study of academic skills defined by the Queensland core skills test
    Mark A Wainwright
    Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Post Office Royal Brisbane Hospital, Herston, Brisbane, QLD, 4029, Australia
    Behav Genet 36:56-64. 2006
    ..The findings suggest that variation in general academic achievement is influenced by genes on chromosome 2 which have broad influence on a variety of cognitive abilities...
  63. ncbi Incidence and prevalence of HIV encephalopathy in children with HIV infection receiving highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART)
    Claudia A Chiriboga
    Department of Neurology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    J Pediatr 146:402-7. 2005
    ..To describe neurologic outcomes in children infected with HIV in the era of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART), including rates of progressive HIV encephalopathy (PHE) and clinical sequelae among PHE survivors...
  64. pmc Childhood socioeconomic status modifies the association between intellectual abilities at age 20 and mortality in later life
    E Kajantie
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, PL 30, Helsinki 00271, Finland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:963-9. 2010
    ..People who score poorly in intellectual ability tests have shorter life expectancy. A study was undertaken to determine whether this association is different in people from different socioeconomic backgrounds...
  65. ncbi Calculation difficulties in children of very low birthweight: a neural correlate
    E B Isaacs
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre and Radiology and Physics Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Brain 124:1701-7. 2001
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first report establishing a structural neural correlate of calculation ability in a group of neurologically normal individuals...
  66. ncbi Etiological heterogeneity and intelligence test scores in patients with schizophrenia
    Rachel Wolitzky
    Department of Medical Genetics, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 28:167-77. 2006
    ..Overall, the results suggest that sporadic patients have better perceptual-organizational skills and faster speed of processing...
  67. ncbi Executive dysfunction screening and intelectual coefficient measurement in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    Elizabeth Zambrano-Sánchez
    Laboratory of Cognitive Neurophysiology, National Institute of Rehabilitation, Mexico City, Mexico
    Arq Neuropsiquiatr 68:545-9. 2010
    ....
  68. ncbi Patterns of neuropsychological deficits in children with medulloblastoma according to craniospatial irradiation doses
    V Kieffer-Renaux
    Department of Pediatric Oncology, Gustave Roussy Institute, Villejuif, France
    Dev Med Child Neurol 42:741-5. 2000
    ..This should be taken into account in treatment planning and in rehabilitation programs...
  69. pmc Brief report: eye-movement patterns during an embedded figures test in children with ASD
    Brandon Keehn
    San Diego State University, San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 39:383-7. 2009
    ..Eye-movement results indicate that RT advantage in ASD is related to both WCC and enhanced perceptual functioning...
  70. ncbi Childhood IQ and deaths up to middle age: The Newcastle Thousand Families Study
    M S Pearce
    Paediatric and Lifecourse Epidemiology Research Group, School of Clinical Medical Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 4LP, UK
    Public Health 120:1020-6. 2006
    ..To test the hypothesis that an association exists between childhood IQ (at age 11) and mortality up to middle age...
  71. ncbi Adult smoking in the home environment and children's IQ
    D L Johnson
    Department of Psychology, Univer of Houston, TX 77204 5341, USA
    Psychol Rep 84:149-54. 1999
    ..All effects were for the mother, not the father, smoking in the home...
  72. ncbi Effects of methylphenidate on intelligence and attention components in boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    Susanne Hellwig-Brida
    Department for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Psychotherapy, University Hospital Ulm, Ulm, Germany
    J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 21:245-53. 2011
    ..This study investigates the hypothesis that MPH improves attention-related cognitive functions...
  73. ncbi Association between intelligence and type-specific stroke: a population-based cohort study of early fatal and non-fatal stroke in one million Swedish men
    Karin Modig Wennerstad
    Child and Adolescent Public Health Epidemiology Group, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Norrbacka, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:908-12. 2010
    ..Stroke is a heterogenic disease and strength of associations with IQ and putative causal pathways cannot be assumed to be identical for different subtypes...
  74. ncbi The relationship between impaired glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes, and cognitive function
    Nesrine Awad
    School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 26:1044-80. 2004
    ..In older adults (70 years and over), diabetes likely interacts with other dementing processes such as vascular disease and Alzheimer's disease to hasten cognitive decline...
  75. pmc Positive correlations between corpus callosum thickness and intelligence
    Eileen Luders
    Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, Department of Neurology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095 7334, and Department of Psychiatry Research, The Zucker Hillside Hospital, North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, Glen Oaks, NY, USA
    Neuroimage 37:1457-64. 2007
    ..Our findings emphasize the importance of incorporating posterior (callosal) regions into the theories and models proposed to explain the anatomical substrates of intelligence...
  76. pmc Water arsenic exposure and intellectual function in 6-year-old children in Araihazar, Bangladesh
    Gail A Wasserman
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:285-9. 2007
    ..We recently reported results of a cross-sectional investigation of intellectual function in 10-year-olds in Bangladesh, who had been exposed to arsenic from drinking water in their home wells...
  77. ncbi Evaluation of working memory impairment in children with primary nocturnal enuresis: evidence from event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging
    Bing Yu
    Department of Radiology Pediatrics, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China
    J Paediatr Child Health 47:429-35. 2011
    ..To assess the working memory and explore the differential activations of brain areas in children with primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE) by performing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans using the categorical N-Back task...
  78. ncbi Intellectual ability in early adulthood and type 2 diabetes in later life
    Maria Paile-Hyvärinen
    Diabetes Prevention Unit, Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300, Helsinki, Finland
    Acta Diabetol 46:249-52. 2009
    ..50, 95% CI 0.28-0.91). While education seems to protect from type 2 diabetes, we could not detect a connection between early intellectual ability and impairment in glucose regulation in later adulthood...
  79. ncbi Cognitive profile difference between normally intelligent children with Asperger's disorder and those with pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified
    Tomonori Koyama
    Department of Child and Adolescent Mental Health, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo, Japan
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 62:691-6. 2008
    ..Asperger's disorder (Asperger syndrome, AS) and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) are different subtypes of mild pervasive developmental disorders (PDD)...
  80. pmc Water manganese exposure and children's intellectual function in Araihazar, Bangladesh
    Gail A Wasserman
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, and New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:124-9. 2006
    ..S. Environmental Protection Agency lifetime health advisory level. We conclude that in both Bangladesh and the United States, some children are at risk for Mn-induced neurotoxicity...
  81. ncbi Intellectual and physical performance and morbidity in relation to height in a cohort of 18-year-old Swedish conscripts
    T Tuvemo
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Horm Res 52:186-91. 1999
    ..001). In conclusion, short stature was associated with increased morbidity and psychological problems and with lower mean intellectual performance. To what extent this association is direct or indirect needs further evaluation...
  82. ncbi Correlation between spectral EEG parameters and intelligence test variables in school-age children
    R G Schmid
    Kreiskrankenhaus Pädiatrie Sozialpädiatrisches Zentrum, D 84503 Altötting, Germany
    Clin Neurophysiol 113:1647-56. 2002
    ..The objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between the degree of intelligence and spectral electroencephalographic (EEG) parameters and to find out which EEG variables are relevant for this correlation...
  83. pmc IQ in late adolescence/early adulthood, risk factors in middle age and later all-cause mortality in men: the Vietnam Experience Study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:522-31. 2008
    ..To examine the role of potential mediating factors in explaining the IQ-mortality relation...
  84. ncbi White matter tract integrity and intelligence in patients with mental retardation and healthy adults
    Chunshui Yu
    Department of Radiology, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing 100053, People s Republic of China
    Neuroimage 40:1533-41. 2008
    ..Fifteen MR patients and 79 healthy controls underwent intelligence tests and diffusion tensor imaging examinations...
  85. ncbi Brief report: The level and nature of autistic intelligence revisited
    Sven Bolte
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt Main, Germany
    J Autism Dev Disord 39:678-82. 2009
    ..Additional testing with the RPM might be required in the lower end of the spectrum...
  86. ncbi Late neurocognitive sequelae in survivors of brain tumours in childhood
    Raymond K Mulhern
    Division of Behavioral Medicine, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105 2794, USA
    Lancet Oncol 5:399-408. 2004
    ..Further efforts to limit neurocognitive sequelae have included design of clinical trials to test the effectiveness of cognitive, behavioural, and pharmacological interventions...
  87. ncbi The mechanisms mediating the effects of poverty on children's intellectual development
    G Guo
    Department of Sociology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599, USA
    Demography 37:431-47. 2000
    ....
  88. ncbi Humans have evolved specialized skills of social cognition: the cultural intelligence hypothesis
    Esther Herrmann
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, D 04103, Germany
    Science 317:1360-6. 2007
    ....
  89. ncbi The effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on intellectual disabilities among 8-year-old children
    Joe M Braun
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 23:482-91. 2009
    ..A differential effect of tobacco smoke exposure on the risk of ID is suggested for males and females and deserves further investigation; however, the interpretation is tempered by the potential for residual confounding...
  90. ncbi A developmental fMRI study of the Stroop color-word task
    Nancy E Adleman
    Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, 94305, USA
    Neuroimage 16:61-75. 2002
    ..Findings from this study, the first developmental fMRI investigation of the Stroop interference task, provide a template with which normal development and neurodevelopmental disorders of prefrontal cortex function can be assessed...
  91. ncbi The association between cognitive ability measured at ages 18-20 and mortality during 30 years of follow-up--a prospective observational study among Swedish males born 1949-51
    Tomas Hemmingsson
    Division of Occupational Health, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Int J Epidemiol 35:665-70. 2006
    ..This study aims to investigate the association between cognitive ability measured at age 18-20 and mortality during a 30 year period of follow-up...
  92. ncbi Differential effects on cognitive functioning in 9- to 12-year olds prenatally exposed to cigarettes and marihuana
    P A Fried
    Department of Psychology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 20:293-306. 1998
    ..The interpretation of these results is discussed in terms of executive function and is related to earlier observations of this sample and to the extant prefrontal and general marihuana literature...
  93. ncbi Hippocampus and amygdala volumes in parents of children with autistic disorder
    Donald C Rojas
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Box C268 68 CPH, 4200 E 9th Ave, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 161:2038-44. 2004
    ..The authors hypothesized that parents of children with a diagnosis of autistic disorder would show similar changes in these structures...
  94. ncbi Age-related change in executive function: developmental trends and a latent variable analysis
    Mariette Huizinga
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Neuropsychologia 44:2017-36. 2006
    ..These results suggest that EF component processes develop at different rates, and that it is important to recognize both the unity and diversity of EF component processes in studying the development of EF...
  95. ncbi Risks for low intellectual performance related to being born small for gestational age are modified by gestational age
    Niklas Bergvall
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, PO Box 281, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Pediatrics 117:e460-7. 2006
    ..We sought to study whether the association between being born small for gestational age and risk for low intellectual performance was modified by gestational age...
  96. ncbi IQ in early adulthood and later cancer risk: cohort study of one million Swedish men
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Ann Oncol 18:21-8. 2007
    ..While several studies have reported an inverse relation between IQ and total mortality rates, little is known about the association, if any, between IQ and disease-specific outcomes, particularly cancer...
  97. pmc Smaller white-matter volumes are associated with larger deficits in attention and learning among long-term survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia
    Wilburn E Reddick
    Division of Translational Imaging Research, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA
    Cancer 106:941-9. 2006
    ..The primary objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have deficits in neurocognitive performance, and smaller white-matter volumes are associated with these deficits...
  98. pmc Childhood IQ in relation to risk factors for premature mortality in middle-aged persons: the Aberdeen Children of the 1950s study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:241-7. 2007
    ..This study examines the association between childhood IQ and a range of established physiological and behavioural risk factors for premature mortality in adulthood...
  99. ncbi Childhood IQ in relation to obesity and weight gain in adult life: the National Child Development (1958) Study
    T Chandola
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1422-32. 2006
    ..To examine the relation of childhood intelligence (IQ) test results with obesity in middle age and weight gain across the life course...
  100. ncbi Identification of first candidate genes for creativity: a pilot study
    Martin Reuter
    Department of Psychology, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10F, D 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Brain Res 1069:190-7. 2006
    ....
  101. ncbi Neuropsychological functioning of siblings of children with autism, siblings of children with developmental language delay, and siblings of children with mental retardation of unknown genetic etiology
    Tammy Pilowsky
    Department of Psychology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Autism Dev Disord 37:537-52. 2007
    ....

Research Grants67

  1. The Genetics of Specific Language Impairment
    JAMES TOMBLIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The phenotypes and endophenotypes from these individuals will then be used in conjunction with the existing genotyping for additional genome-wide screens and further follow-up fine mapping studies. ..
  2. JOB COMPLEXITY AND COGNITION IN OLDER TWIN PAIRS
    Guy Potter; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Approximately 300 of these pairs also have scores on standard armed services intelligence tests. Logistic regression dependent on twin pair will be used to estimate association between a factor-based ..
  3. Cognitive Derminants of Mild Mental Retardation
    Dasen Luo; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..measures of processing speed, working memory, and long-term memory processing, together with conventional intelligence tests. We will examine whether there is a distinctive cognitive composition of intelligence for the children with ..
  4. GENERALIZED LANGUAGE & THOUGHT IN THE MENTALLY RETARDED
    Earl Butterfield; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..independent evidence of the use of superordinate skills are adjudged to be more intelligent on standardized intelligence tests and require less complete task-specific instruction (to achieve high levels of proficiency) than children ..
  5. Validity of Diagnostic Measures for Autistic Spectrum
    Catherine Lord; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..proposal uses analyses of an existing data set of over 1100 individuals with scores on the ADIR, ADOS, intelligence tests, the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, and clinical best estimate diagnoses, with replication of findings ..
  6. DATA ANALYSIS IN LONGITUDINAL STUDIES OF AGING
    MAX WOODBURY; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..diastolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, serum cholesterol and the performance component of the Wechsler Intelligence Tests. The calculations for this study are almost complete and the results, in part, assimilated...
  7. Neurodevelopmental Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs II
    Kimford Meador; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The NEAD study has an invaluable cohort, and the results of this continuation proposal will impact the clinical management of women receiving these medications, and improve the health of their children. ..
  8. THOUGHT DISORDER: A DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY IN EPILEPSY
    Rochelle Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Weekly seizure frequency data will be obtained on a monthly basis from the parent during the 2 years. ..
  9. Pediatric Thought Disorder: Insights from Neuroimaging
    Rochelle Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Prenatal Cannabis & Cigarette Exposure - Outcome
    Peter Fried; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Neuropsychological Assessment of Children
    SARAH MATTSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Clarification of these dissociations will help define the profile of weaknesses and strengths in children with heavy prenatal alcohol exposure and help identify core deficits in this population. ..
  12. KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES AND ADULT INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT
    PHILLIP ACKERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  13. Maternal overnutrition and offspring fat mass, metabolic and vascular function.
    Debbie Lawlor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  14. METHYLPHENIDATE TREATMENT AND PRENATAL ALCOHOL EXPOSURE
    SARAH MATTSON; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Knowledge gained from this research will help to provide a more rational basis for the treatment of the well-documented attentional problems in these children. ..
  15. Trial of FAS Prevention and Diagnosis Among Indians
    Philip May; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed renewal will ensure sufficient time to test the IOM model of prevention while advancing science in several other ways. ..
  16. COGNITIVE AND GENETIC CORRELATES OF EARLY MATH SKILLS
    MICHELE MAZZOCCO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. FAS Prevention: A Trial of the IOM Model
    Philip May; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Selective and universal prevention use: screening for alcohol abuse;targeted messages to change norms and KABB;policy advocacy;and community education and dialogue. ..
  18. Effects of Aging on Executive Processes
    Timothy Salthouse; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..e., specific to individual variables or common to many variables) at which age-related influences operate on executive process variables. ..
  19. Cognitive Recovery after Traumatic Brain Injury
    Maureen Schmitter Edgecombe; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  20. Drug Abuse, Social Decision-Making, and Sex-Related Functional Brain Asymmetry
    DANIEL T TRANEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. GENOTYPE/PHENOTYPE CORRELATIONS IN WILLIAMS SYNDROME
    CAROLYN MERVIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The findings will be of immediate use to practitioners who provide educational and therapeutic services to individuals with WS and their families. ..
  22. PSYCHOSOCIAL IMPACT OF PEDIATRIC BONE MARROW TRANSPLANT
    Sean Phipps; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, analyses will explore hypotheses specific to the positive psychology model, testing the role of positive affect and dispositional optimism as mediators and moderators of the intervention on child and parent well being. ..
  23. Brain Structure and Cognition in Cystinosis
    Doris Trauner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The study results may also provide a basis for developing early interventions for children "at risk" for cognitive deficits because of the presence of a genetic disorder. ..
  24. Neuro-cognitive Outcome After Early Focal Brain Damage
    Doris Trauner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The findings may further serve as a basis from which to design more effective interventions for children at risk for cognitive dysfunction because of early brain damage. ..
  25. Language Development Following Early Focal Brain Injury
    Doris Trauner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Knowledge gained in this study may form the basis for more effective interventions to help improve neurodevelopmental outcome of children with brain damage in the future. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Psychosocial and Neurocognitive Consequences of Childhood Cancer
    Sean Phipps; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Publication of the conference proceedings will serve to summarize the current state of the field and to point towards new research agendas for the future. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Informed Consent in People with Multiple Sclerosis
    Michael Basso; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Overall, the long-term goal of this research is to ensure that research participants with M.S. are treated in an ethical manner. ..
  28. Health Effects of Violence Exposure Among Children Living in Urban Environments
    Shakira Franco; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed research involves secondary data analysis conducted withing the Maternal-Infant Smoking Study of East Boston (MISSEB) Cohort (RJ Wright, PI) and will incorporate both social and environmental frameworks. ..
  29. TRIAL OF FAS PREVENTION IN AMERICAN INDIAN COMMUNITIES
    Philip May; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Furthermore, prevention protocols, research techniques and methods, will test the recommendations of the IOM report and should also be applicable to non-Indian communities as well. ..
  30. International Neuropsychological Study of FASD--U01
    Philip May; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. Developmental Outcomes of Prenatal Exposure to MDMA ('E*
    Lynn Singer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  32. EARLY DEVELOPMENT: WILLIAMS OR DOWN SYNDROME CHILDREN
    CAROLYN MERVIS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The research will have implications both for theoretical models of the relation between language and cognition and for the design of early cognitive and language intervention for children with developmental disabilities. ..
  33. MEASUREMENT OF ADAPTIVE STYLE IN CHILDREN WITH CANCER
    Sean Phipps; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  34. FMRI CINGULATE DISSECTION IN CINGULOTOMY PATIENTS & ADHD
    ALLAN BUSH; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  35. Biochemical correlates/cognition/Barth syndrome
    MICHELE MAZZOCCO; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Methods will involve cognitive assessment of children with Barth syndrome and matched peers, paired comparisons, and correlation analyses. ..
  36. Clinical Relevance of Transient Nevirapine Resistance
    Louise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. Substance Abuse in ADHD Girls
    Timothy Wilens; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Thus, the research, approach, and goals of this R01 application are consistent with those underscored in the PA and by the Institute of Medicine as being of the highest research priority. ..
  38. Course of psychopathology in female youth: Analysis with extant longitudinal data
    Joseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. Perceived regard and relationship resilience
    Sandra Murray; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. Early Grammar Productivity: Three Languages, Comprehension
    Letitia Naigles; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This research thus could provide information about language- and task-specific milestones for assessing children with language disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  41. Pathophysiology of HIV Dementia in Women
    Valerie Wojna; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Our long-range goal is to develop methods for the early diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of HIV Associated Dementia in the Puerto Rican women population. ..
  42. Distributed Supercomputing for Brain Mapping
    Arthur Toga; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  43. GHRH: COGNITION IN AGING AND MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT
    Michael Vitiello; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. COGNITIVE REMEDIATION FOR CHILDHOOD CANCER SURVIVORS
    Robert Butler; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Secondary and exploratory analyses will examine the influences of maternal factors on CRP adherence and effectiveness. ..
  45. Cognitive Correlates of TCD in Pediatric Sickle Cell
    MARY KRAL; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. SEMANTIC AND VISUAL COGNITION IN ALZHEIMERS DISEASE
    Martha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In addition, new predictions of the computational hypotheses have been derived and will form the basis of further empirical tests with human subjects. ..
  47. Gender and Brain Abnormalities in Schizophrenia
    Jill M Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  48. LONGITUDINAL FOLLOW UP OF ADHD GIRLS AND THEIR SIBLINGS
    Joseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  49. Naive Observers' Ratings of Behavior: A Multi-Construct Validation Study
    Daniel Messinger; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. PD GWAS Consortium
    Tatiana M Foroud; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  51. Neural Basis of Semantic Constraints on Adjective Order
    David Kemmerer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This will be done by recording event-related potentials in normal adults while they read examples of natural and unnatural adjective orders. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. The Neuroanatomy of Cognition in Traumatic Brain Injury
    Brian Levine; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Moreover, we expect these findings to increase the understanding of neural changes (i.e., neural compensation or re-organization) in response to brain injury in general. ..
  53. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder & Childhood Sexual Abuse: Psychobiology
    MICHAEL DE BELLIS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We further hypothesize that certain risk factors at Time-01 (e.g. age of onset of abuse, adverse life events, and biological measures) will predict the persistence of PTSD at Time-02. ..
  54. ADAPTIVE MECHANISMS OF DEVELOPING BRAIN
    Laura Ment; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If the central hypothesis of our program is verified, then novel therapeutic approaches for the reduction of neurodevelopmental deficits in preterm infants may result...
  55. Validity and Reliability of ASCA for Native Americans
    GARY CANIVEZ; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. Mechanisms for neurocognitive damage of HIV+ drug users
    Raul Gonzalez; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. AGE RELATED SLEEP IMPAIRMENT--POSSIBLE INTERVENTIONS
    Michael Vitiello; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Further, such interventions may have significant impact in decreasing morbidity and mortality directly related to such sleep disturbance or its inappropriate treatment with chronic hypnotic medications. ..
  58. TRAINING PROGRAM IN NEUROIMAGING
    Arthur Toga; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We have the laboratory resources, faculty interest and expertise needed to run training program of this breadth and depth. ..
  59. DISTRIBUTED GRAPHICS SUPERCOMPUTING FOR NEUROINFORMATICS
    Arthur Toga; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The provision of such an instrumentation package would enhance the productivity of ongoing funded research and foster the development of leading edge technology and applications for all participants. ..
  60. AUDITORY DEVELOPMENT IN EARLY-AMPLIFIED CHILDREN
    Yvonne Sininger; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  61. Reward System Recovery Following Behavioral Activation Therapy in Depression
    GABRIEL DICHTER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such a strategy is consistent with NIMH's mission to reduce the burden of psychiatric disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. Memory dissociations and risk for AD versus VaD
    Elizabeth Leritz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Collectively, this data will provide invaluable clinical and theoretical contributions to the current literature on dementia risk. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. Psychiatric Emergency Room Care: Staff Perspectives
    Alisa Lincoln; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. Eighth Cooley's Anemia Symposium
    Elliott Vichinsky; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....