intelligence tests

Summary

Summary: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Intellectual ability and cortical development in children and adolescents
    P Shaw
    Child Psychiatry Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20182, USA
    Nature 440:676-9. 2006
  2. doi The neuroscience of human intelligence differences
    Ian J Deary
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:201-11. 2010
  3. ncbi The level and nature of autistic intelligence
    Michelle Dawson
    Pervasive Developmental Disorders Specialized Clinic, Hôpital Rivière des Prairies, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Psychol Sci 18:657-62. 2007
  4. ncbi Exposure to arsenic and lead and neuropsychological development in Mexican children
    J Calderon
    Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Av Venustiano Carranza 2405, 78210 San Luis Potosi, Mexico
    Environ Res 85:69-76. 2001
  5. pmc Enhanced visual processing contributes to matrix reasoning in autism
    Isabelle Soulieres
    Neural Systems Group, Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:4082-107. 2009
  6. ncbi The Raven's progressive matrices: change and stability over culture and time
    J Raven
    30 Great King Street, Edinburgh, EH3 6QH, Scotland
    Cogn Psychol 41:1-48. 2000
  7. ncbi Matching strategies in cognitive research with individuals with high-functioning autism: current practices, instrument biases, and recommendations
    Laurent Mottron
    Centre de Recherche Fernand Seguin and Département de Psychiatrie, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Canada
    J Autism Dev Disord 34:19-27. 2004
  8. ncbi Very preterm birth is associated with disabilities in multiple developmental domains
    Anneloes L van Baar
    Department of Psychology and Health, Pediatric Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    J Pediatr Psychol 30:247-55. 2005
  9. doi Cognitive function in 6- to 12-year-old offspring of women with Type 1 diabetes
    R C Temple
    Elsie Bertram Diabetes Centre, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital NHS Trust, Norwich, UK
    Diabet Med 28:845-8. 2011
  10. pmc Maternal smoking during pregnancy and intellectual performance in young adult Swedish male offspring
    Frida Lundberg
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 24:79-87. 2010

Detail Information

Publications220 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Intellectual ability and cortical development in children and adolescents
    P Shaw
    Child Psychiatry Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20182, USA
    Nature 440:676-9. 2006
    ..This study indicates that the neuroanatomical expression of intelligence in children is dynamic...
  2. doi The neuroscience of human intelligence differences
    Ian J Deary
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:201-11. 2010
    ..There is also evidence that brain efficiency correlates positively with intelligence...
  3. ncbi The level and nature of autistic intelligence
    Michelle Dawson
    Pervasive Developmental Disorders Specialized Clinic, Hôpital Rivière des Prairies, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Psychol Sci 18:657-62. 2007
    ..We conclude that intelligence has been underestimated in autistics...
  4. ncbi Exposure to arsenic and lead and neuropsychological development in Mexican children
    J Calderon
    Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Av Venustiano Carranza 2405, 78210 San Luis Potosi, Mexico
    Environ Res 85:69-76. 2001
    ..Our results suggest that exposure to As and chronic malnutrition could have an influence on verbal abilities and long-term memory, while Pb exposure could affect the attention process even at low levels...
  5. pmc Enhanced visual processing contributes to matrix reasoning in autism
    Isabelle Soulieres
    Neural Systems Group, Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:4082-107. 2009
    ..Visual processing mechanisms may therefore play a more prominent role in reasoning in autistics...
  6. ncbi The Raven's progressive matrices: change and stability over culture and time
    J Raven
    30 Great King Street, Edinburgh, EH3 6QH, Scotland
    Cogn Psychol 41:1-48. 2000
    ..Subsequent sections deal with variation over time. A possible explanation for the variation in norms over time and between ethnic groups within countries is offered...
  7. ncbi Matching strategies in cognitive research with individuals with high-functioning autism: current practices, instrument biases, and recommendations
    Laurent Mottron
    Centre de Recherche Fernand Seguin and Département de Psychiatrie, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Canada
    J Autism Dev Disord 34:19-27. 2004
    ..Accordingly, the former instruments are a potential source of type-1 (for cognitive deficits) or type-2 (for cognitive hyperfunctioning) errors...
  8. ncbi Very preterm birth is associated with disabilities in multiple developmental domains
    Anneloes L van Baar
    Department of Psychology and Health, Pediatric Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    J Pediatr Psychol 30:247-55. 2005
    ..Presence of disabilities in more than one developmental domain will show a more serious outcome picture for extreme preterm infants and may be related to a different degree of perinatal problems...
  9. doi Cognitive function in 6- to 12-year-old offspring of women with Type 1 diabetes
    R C Temple
    Elsie Bertram Diabetes Centre, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital NHS Trust, Norwich, UK
    Diabet Med 28:845-8. 2011
    ..Maternal diabetes is a recognized risk factor for congenital malformation, perinatal morbidity and obesity in later childhood. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of maternal diabetes on cognitive function in offspring...
  10. pmc Maternal smoking during pregnancy and intellectual performance in young adult Swedish male offspring
    Frida Lundberg
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 24:79-87. 2010
    ..Thus, the association between prenatal smoking exposure and offspring risk of low intellectual performance appears to be completely confounded by familial (genetic and early environmental) factors...
  11. pmc Effect of breast feeding on intelligence in children: prospective study, sibling pairs analysis, and meta-analysis
    Geoff Der
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow G12 8RZ
    BMJ 333:945. 2006
    ..To assess the importance of maternal intelligence, and the effect of controlling for it and other important confounders, in the link between breast feeding and children's intelligence...
  12. doi IQ in children with autism spectrum disorders: data from the Special Needs and Autism Project (SNAP)
    T Charman
    Centre for Research in Autism and Education, Department of Psychology and Human Development, Institute of Education, London, UK
    Psychol Med 41:619-27. 2011
    ..However, there are few data from epidemiological studies...
  13. pmc Age-related temporal and parietal cortical thinning in autism spectrum disorders
    Gregory L Wallace
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1366, USA
    Brain 133:3745-54. 2010
    ..e. greater thinning) may be characteristic of these disorders...
  14. ncbi Cognitive effects of long-term benzodiazepine use: a meta-analysis
    Melinda J Barker
    School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
    CNS Drugs 18:37-48. 2004
    ..The literature that is available is difficult to interpret due to conflicting results as well as a variety of methodological flaws...
  15. doi Developmental trajectory of number acuity reveals a severe impairment in developmental dyscalculia
    Manuela Piazza
    INSERM CEA Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif sur Yvette, France
    Cognition 116:33-41. 2010
    ..These results establish for the first time a clear association between dyscalculia and impaired "number sense", and they may open up new horizons for the early diagnosis and rehabilitation of mathematical learning deficits...
  16. doi The effect of early human diet on caudate volumes and IQ
    Elizabeth B Isaacs
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, University College London Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom
    Pediatr Res 63:308-14. 2008
    ..Our findings may partly explain the effects of early diet on cognition and the predominant effects in males. They are among the first to show that human brain structure can be influenced by early nutrition...
  17. ncbi Evolution of the brain and intelligence
    Gerhard Roth
    Hanse Institute for Advanced Study, D 27753 Delmenhorst, Germany
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:250-7. 2005
    ..The outstanding intelligence of humans appears to result from a combination and enhancement of properties found in non-human primates, such as theory of mind, imitation and language, rather than from 'unique' properties...
  18. ncbi Deficits of organizational strategy and visual memory in obsessive-compulsive disorder
    M S Shin
    Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Neuropsychology 18:665-72. 2004
    ..The direct effect of diagnosis (OCD or healthy) on the immediate recall condition of the ROCF was also significant. This study indicates that people with OCD have poor memory function and organizational deficits...
  19. ncbi Relationships between IQ and regional cortical gray matter thickness in healthy adults
    Katherine L Narr
    Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, Department of Neurology, Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 7334, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:2163-71. 2007
    ..Sex moderates regional relationships that may index dimorphisms in cognitive abilities, overall processing strategies, or differences in structural organization...
  20. pmc Brief report: eye-movement patterns during an embedded figures test in children with ASD
    Brandon Keehn
    San Diego State University, San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 39:383-7. 2009
    ..Eye-movement results indicate that RT advantage in ASD is related to both WCC and enhanced perceptual functioning...
  21. doi The relationships between low levels of urine fluoride on children's intelligence, dental fluorosis in endemic fluorosis areas in Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia, China
    Yunpeng Ding
    Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081, Heilongjiang, China
    J Hazard Mater 186:1942-6. 2011
    ....
  22. pmc Clinical and cognitive characteristics of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, with and without copy number variants
    Kate Langley
    Department of Psychological Medicine and Neurology, and MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 199:398-403. 2011
    ..Submicroscopic, rare chromosomal copy number variants (CNVs) contribute to neurodevelopmental disorders but it is not known whether they define atypical clinical cases...
  23. pmc Childhood socioeconomic status modifies the association between intellectual abilities at age 20 and mortality in later life
    E Kajantie
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, PL 30, Helsinki 00271, Finland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:963-9. 2010
    ..People who score poorly in intellectual ability tests have shorter life expectancy. A study was undertaken to determine whether this association is different in people from different socioeconomic backgrounds...
  24. doi A new selective developmental deficit: Impaired object recognition with normal face recognition
    Laura Germine
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Cortex 47:598-607. 2011
    ..The existence of a case of non-face developmental visual agnosia would indicate that the development of normal face recognition mechanisms does not rely on the development of normal object recognition mechanisms...
  25. doi NTM and NR3C2 polymorphisms influencing intelligence: family-based association studies
    Yue Pan
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, College of Arts and Sciences, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 35:154-60. 2011
    ..In conclusion, our findings provide evidence that chromosome regions of 11q25 and 4q31.1 contain genes affecting IQ. This study will serve as a resource for replication in other populations...
  26. ncbi Growth of the corpus callosum in adolescents born preterm
    Matthew Allin
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Division of Psychological Medicine and Psychiatry, London SE5 8AF, England
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:1183-9. 2007
    ..To examine the growth of the corpus callosum between adolescence and early adulthood in individuals who were born before 33 weeks' gestation (very preterm [VPT]) and its relation to neuropsychological function...
  27. ncbi Working memory, short-term memory, and general fluid intelligence: a latent-variable approach
    R W Engle
    School of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta 30332 0170, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 128:309-31. 1999
    ..The authors also discuss the relationship of this capability to controlled attention, and the functions of the prefrontal cortex...
  28. ncbi Neuropsychological correlates of hair arsenic, manganese, and cadmium levels in school-age children residing near a hazardous waste site
    Robert O Wright
    Harvard School of Public Health, USA
    Neurotoxicology 27:210-6. 2006
    ..No other significant relationships were found. These results suggest the need to study further the neuropsychological correlates of developmental exposure to Mn and As, particularly as a mixture...
  29. ncbi Incidence and prevalence of HIV encephalopathy in children with HIV infection receiving highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART)
    Claudia A Chiriboga
    Department of Neurology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    J Pediatr 146:402-7. 2005
    ..To describe neurologic outcomes in children infected with HIV in the era of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART), including rates of progressive HIV encephalopathy (PHE) and clinical sequelae among PHE survivors...
  30. ncbi Intelligence and neural efficiency: further evidence of the influence of task content and sex on the brain-IQ relationship
    Aljoscha C Neubauer
    Department of Psychology, University of Graz, Universitaetsplatz 2 III A 8010 Graz, Austria
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 25:217-25. 2005
    ..Furthermore, the sexes displayed topographical differences of neural efficiency patterns...
  31. ncbi Meta-analysis of intellectual and neuropsychological test performance in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    Thomas W Frazier
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    Neuropsychology 18:543-55. 2004
    ..These findings indicate that overall cognitive ability is significantly lower among persons with ADHD and that FSIQ may show as large a difference between ADHD and control participants as most other measures...
  32. ncbi A neural basis for general intelligence
    J Duncan
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Science 289:457-60. 2000
    ..The results suggest that "general intelligence" derives from a specific frontal system important in the control of diverse forms of behavior...
  33. pmc A genomic screen of autism: evidence for a multilocus etiology
    N Risch
    Department of Genetics, M322, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5120, USA
    Am J Hum Genet 65:493-507. 1999
    ..Our results suggest that positional cloning of susceptibility loci by linkage analysis may be a formidable task and that other approaches may be necessary...
  34. pmc Water arsenic exposure and intellectual function in 6-year-old children in Araihazar, Bangladesh
    Gail A Wasserman
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:285-9. 2007
    ..We recently reported results of a cross-sectional investigation of intellectual function in 10-year-olds in Bangladesh, who had been exposed to arsenic from drinking water in their home wells...
  35. ncbi The relationship between impaired glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes, and cognitive function
    Nesrine Awad
    School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 26:1044-80. 2004
    ..In older adults (70 years and over), diabetes likely interacts with other dementing processes such as vascular disease and Alzheimer's disease to hasten cognitive decline...
  36. doi Children's human figure drawings do not measure intellectual ability
    Emma Willcock
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    J Exp Child Psychol 110:444-52. 2011
    ..We conclude that the DAP:QSS is not a valid measure of intellectual ability and should not be used as a screening tool...
  37. pmc Positive correlations between corpus callosum thickness and intelligence
    Eileen Luders
    Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, Department of Neurology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095 7334, and Department of Psychiatry Research, The Zucker Hillside Hospital, North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, Glen Oaks, NY, USA
    Neuroimage 37:1457-64. 2007
    ..Our findings emphasize the importance of incorporating posterior (callosal) regions into the theories and models proposed to explain the anatomical substrates of intelligence...
  38. doi Evaluation of working memory impairment in children with primary nocturnal enuresis: evidence from event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging
    Bing Yu
    Department of Radiology Pediatrics, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China
    J Paediatr Child Health 47:429-35. 2011
    ..3 ± 1.0 years) were recruited for the study. First, intelligence tests were performed using Chinese Wechsler Young Children Scales of Intelligence in PNE children and controls...
  39. doi Association between intelligence and type-specific stroke: a population-based cohort study of early fatal and non-fatal stroke in one million Swedish men
    Karin Modig Wennerstad
    Child and Adolescent Public Health Epidemiology Group, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Norrbacka, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:908-12. 2010
    ..Stroke is a heterogenic disease and strength of associations with IQ and putative causal pathways cannot be assumed to be identical for different subtypes...
  40. doi Intellectual ability in early adulthood and type 2 diabetes in later life
    Maria Paile-Hyvärinen
    Diabetes Prevention Unit, Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300, Helsinki, Finland
    Acta Diabetol 46:249-52. 2009
    ..50, 95% CI 0.28-0.91). While education seems to protect from type 2 diabetes, we could not detect a connection between early intellectual ability and impairment in glucose regulation in later adulthood...
  41. doi Cognitive profile difference between normally intelligent children with Asperger's disorder and those with pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified
    Tomonori Koyama
    Department of Child and Adolescent Mental Health, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo, Japan
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 62:691-6. 2008
    ..Asperger's disorder (Asperger syndrome, AS) and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) are different subtypes of mild pervasive developmental disorders (PDD)...
  42. pmc Water manganese exposure and children's intellectual function in Araihazar, Bangladesh
    Gail A Wasserman
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, and New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:124-9. 2006
    ..S. Environmental Protection Agency lifetime health advisory level. We conclude that in both Bangladesh and the United States, some children are at risk for Mn-induced neurotoxicity...
  43. ncbi Intellectual and physical performance and morbidity in relation to height in a cohort of 18-year-old Swedish conscripts
    T Tuvemo
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Horm Res 52:186-91. 1999
    ..001). In conclusion, short stature was associated with increased morbidity and psychological problems and with lower mean intellectual performance. To what extent this association is direct or indirect needs further evaluation...
  44. ncbi Correlation between spectral EEG parameters and intelligence test variables in school-age children
    R G Schmid
    Kreiskrankenhaus Pädiatrie Sozialpädiatrisches Zentrum, D 84503 Altötting, Germany
    Clin Neurophysiol 113:1647-56. 2002
    ..The objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between the degree of intelligence and spectral electroencephalographic (EEG) parameters and to find out which EEG variables are relevant for this correlation...
  45. doi Relationship between intelligence and the size and composition of the corpus callosum
    Amanda D Hutchinson
    School of Psychology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Exp Brain Res 192:455-64. 2009
    ..Our results suggest that CC morphology is related to cognitive performance, which may have implications for clinical populations in whom CC morphology is atypical...
  46. pmc IQ in late adolescence/early adulthood, risk factors in middle age and later all-cause mortality in men: the Vietnam Experience Study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:522-31. 2008
    ..To examine the role of potential mediating factors in explaining the IQ-mortality relation...
  47. doi White matter tract integrity and intelligence in patients with mental retardation and healthy adults
    Chunshui Yu
    Department of Radiology, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing 100053, People s Republic of China
    Neuroimage 40:1533-41. 2008
    ..Fifteen MR patients and 79 healthy controls underwent intelligence tests and diffusion tensor imaging examinations...
  48. pmc Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and cognitive abilities among U.S. children and adolescents
    Kimberly Yolton
    Cincinnati Children s Environmental Health Center, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229 3039, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:98-103. 2005
    ..These data, which indicate an inverse association between ETS exposure and cognitive deficits among children even at extremely low levels of exposure, support policy to further restrict children's exposure...
  49. pmc Water arsenic exposure and children's intellectual function in Araihazar, Bangladesh
    Gail A Wasserman
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:1329-33. 2004
    ..5 microg/L. The association was generally stronger for well-water As than for urinary As...
  50. ncbi Late neurocognitive sequelae in survivors of brain tumours in childhood
    Raymond K Mulhern
    Division of Behavioral Medicine, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105 2794, USA
    Lancet Oncol 5:399-408. 2004
    ..Further efforts to limit neurocognitive sequelae have included design of clinical trials to test the effectiveness of cognitive, behavioural, and pharmacological interventions...
  51. doi The effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on intellectual disabilities among 8-year-old children
    Joe M Braun
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 23:482-91. 2009
    ..A differential effect of tobacco smoke exposure on the risk of ID is suggested for males and females and deserves further investigation; however, the interpretation is tempered by the potential for residual confounding...
  52. ncbi A developmental fMRI study of the Stroop color-word task
    Nancy E Adleman
    Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, 94305, USA
    Neuroimage 16:61-75. 2002
    ..Findings from this study, the first developmental fMRI investigation of the Stroop interference task, provide a template with which normal development and neurodevelopmental disorders of prefrontal cortex function can be assessed...
  53. ncbi Humans have evolved specialized skills of social cognition: the cultural intelligence hypothesis
    Esther Herrmann
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, D 04103, Germany
    Science 317:1360-6. 2007
    ....
  54. doi Brief report: The level and nature of autistic intelligence revisited
    Sven Bolte
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt Main, Germany
    J Autism Dev Disord 39:678-82. 2009
    ..Additional testing with the RPM might be required in the lower end of the spectrum...
  55. ncbi The mechanisms mediating the effects of poverty on children's intellectual development
    G Guo
    Department of Sociology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599, USA
    Demography 37:431-47. 2000
    ....
  56. ncbi The association between cognitive ability measured at ages 18-20 and mortality during 30 years of follow-up--a prospective observational study among Swedish males born 1949-51
    Tomas Hemmingsson
    Division of Occupational Health, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Int J Epidemiol 35:665-70. 2006
    ..This study aims to investigate the association between cognitive ability measured at age 18-20 and mortality during a 30 year period of follow-up...
  57. ncbi EEG alpha oscillations during the performance of verbal creativity tasks: differential effects of sex and verbal intelligence
    Andreas Fink
    Department of Psychology, University of Graz, Austria
    Int J Psychophysiol 62:46-53. 2006
    ..Task-related alpha power changes during creative problem solving were also moderated by verbal IQ and sex...
  58. ncbi Differential effects on cognitive functioning in 9- to 12-year olds prenatally exposed to cigarettes and marihuana
    P A Fried
    Department of Psychology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 20:293-306. 1998
    ..The interpretation of these results is discussed in terms of executive function and is related to earlier observations of this sample and to the extant prefrontal and general marihuana literature...
  59. ncbi Hippocampus and amygdala volumes in parents of children with autistic disorder
    Donald C Rojas
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Box C268 68 CPH, 4200 E 9th Ave, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 161:2038-44. 2004
    ..The authors hypothesized that parents of children with a diagnosis of autistic disorder would show similar changes in these structures...
  60. ncbi Childhood IQ and cardiovascular disease in adulthood: prospective observational study linking the Scottish Mental Survey 1932 and the Midspan studies
    C L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, 1 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Soc Sci Med 59:2131-8. 2004
    ..Adjustment for risk factors attenuated the childhood IQ-CVD relationship by a small amount before age 65. Childhood IQ was associated with CVD risk factors and events and can be considered an important new risk factor...
  61. ncbi Therapeutic schedules influence the pattern of intellectual decline after irradiation of posterior fossa tumors
    Virginie Kieffer-Renaux
    Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Oncology, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France
    Pediatr Blood Cancer 45:814-9. 2005
    ..To evaluate intellectual decline in children with posterior fossa (PF) tumors treated with different therapeutic protocols...
  62. ncbi Radiation dosimetry predicts IQ after conformal radiation therapy in pediatric patients with localized ependymoma
    Thomas E Merchant
    Division of Radiation Oncology, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 63:1546-54. 2005
    ..To assess the effects of radiation dose-volume distribution on the trajectory of IQ development after conformal radiation therapy (CRT) in pediatric patients with ependymoma...
  63. ncbi IQ and mental disorder in young men
    Erik Lykke Mortensen
    Department of Health Psychology, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5A, PO Box 2099, 1014 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Br J Psychiatry 187:407-15. 2005
    ..Most research investigating the relationship between IQ and risk of mental disorder has focused on schizophrenia...
  64. ncbi Elaboration on premorbid intellectual performance in schizophrenia: premorbid intellectual decline and risk for schizophrenia
    Abraham Reichenberg
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:1297-304. 2005
    ..However, it is not clear whether this below-average premorbid intelligence is stable or progressive...
  65. ncbi Critical risk factors for intellectual impairment in children with posterior fossa tumors: the role of cerebellar damage
    Jacques Grill
    Department of Paediatric and Adolescent Oncology, Gustave Roussy Institute, Villejuif, France
    J Neurosurg 101:152-8. 2004
    ..The authors studied the effects in 76 children treated for a malignant posterior fossa tumor in a cross-sectional study...
  66. ncbi Voxel-based morphometry and stereology provide convergent evidence of the importance of medial prefrontal cortex for fluid intelligence in healthy adults
    Qi Yong Gong
    Magnetic Resonance and Image Analysis Research Centre MARIARC, Department of Medical Imaging, University of Liverpool, UK
    Neuroimage 25:1175-86. 2005
    ..WAIS-R Verbal Intelligence SSS showed no correlations. We interpret our findings, from independent analyses of both VBM and stereology, as evidence of the importance of medial prefrontal cortex in supporting fluid intelligence...
  67. ncbi Co-occurrence of ADHD and low IQ has genetic origins
    J Kuntsi
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 124:41-7. 2004
    ..Some candidate genes for ADHD could also contribute to variation in IQ or vice versa...
  68. ncbi The effects of hydrocephalus on intelligence quotient in children with localized infratentorial ependymoma before and after focal radiation therapy
    Thomas E Merchant
    Department of Radiation Oncology, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA
    J Neurosurg 101:159-68. 2004
    ..The goal of this study was to determine the influence of hydrocephalus on intelligence quotient (IQ) in children with infratentorial ependymoma before and after the administration of focal radiation...
  69. ncbi Cognitive heterogeneity in first-episode schizophrenia
    Eileen M Joyce
    Institute of Neurology, University College London, Box 19, The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 187:516-22. 2005
    ..Studies of chronic schizophrenia suggest that there are subgroups with different profiles of cognitive impairment...
  70. pmc The role of cognitive functioning in medication adherence of children and adolescents with HIV infection
    Kathleen Malee
    Children s Memorial Hospital, Northwestern University, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 34:164-75. 2009
    ..To evaluate the relationship between cognitive functioning and medication adherence in children and adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV infection...
  71. doi COMT val158met modulates association between brain white matter architecture and IQ
    Jun Li
    National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P R China
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 150:375-80. 2009
    ..Our findings suggest that COMT val158met may contribute to intelligence by affecting the association between IQ and the white matter architecture in the prefrontal lobe and the hippocampal formation...
  72. pmc The Lothian Birth Cohort 1936: a study to examine influences on cognitive ageing from age 11 to age 70 and beyond
    Ian J Deary
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, 7 George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, UK
    BMC Geriatr 7:28. 2007
    ..A limitation of many studies is the lack of a sufficiently long period between cognitive assessments to examine determinants. Here, the aim is to examine influences on cognitive ageing between childhood and old age...
  73. ncbi The association between cognitive ability measured at ages 18-20 and coronary heart disease in middle age among men: a prospective study using the Swedish 1969 conscription cohort
    Tomas Hemmingsson
    National Institute for Working Life Stockholm, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 65:1410-9. 2007
    ..Given the results from this study it is unlikely that cognitive ability is a risk factor on its own for CHD, AMI and stroke among men below 54 years of age...
  74. pmc Childhood IQ in relation to risk factors for premature mortality in middle-aged persons: the Aberdeen Children of the 1950s study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:241-7. 2007
    ..This study examines the association between childhood IQ and a range of established physiological and behavioural risk factors for premature mortality in adulthood. Design,..
  75. ncbi IQ in early adulthood and later cancer risk: cohort study of one million Swedish men
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Ann Oncol 18:21-8. 2007
    ..While several studies have reported an inverse relation between IQ and total mortality rates, little is known about the association, if any, between IQ and disease-specific outcomes, particularly cancer...
  76. ncbi Neuropsychological functioning of siblings of children with autism, siblings of children with developmental language delay, and siblings of children with mental retardation of unknown genetic etiology
    Tammy Pilowsky
    Department of Psychology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Autism Dev Disord 37:537-52. 2007
    ....
  77. ncbi Comparison of long-term neurocognitive outcomes in young children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated with cranial radiation or high-dose or very high-dose intravenous methotrexate
    Brenda J Spiegler
    Department of Paediatrics, Division of Haematology Oncology, The Hospital for Sick Children, The University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Oncol 24:3858-64. 2006
    ..The impact of chemotherapy-only protocols on neurocognitive outcomes is unclear, and the importance of systemic MTX dose has not been established...
  78. ncbi Age-related change in executive function: developmental trends and a latent variable analysis
    Mariette Huizinga
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Neuropsychologia 44:2017-36. 2006
    ..These results suggest that EF component processes develop at different rates, and that it is important to recognize both the unity and diversity of EF component processes in studying the development of EF...
  79. ncbi Childhood IQ in relation to obesity and weight gain in adult life: the National Child Development (1958) Study
    T Chandola
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1422-32. 2006
    ..To examine the relation of childhood intelligence (IQ) test results with obesity in middle age and weight gain across the life course...
  80. ncbi Risks for low intellectual performance related to being born small for gestational age are modified by gestational age
    Niklas Bergvall
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, PO Box 281, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Pediatrics 117:e460-7. 2006
    ..We sought to study whether the association between being born small for gestational age and risk for low intellectual performance was modified by gestational age...
  81. ncbi Premorbid intellectual functioning and risk of schizophrenia and spectrum disorders
    Abraham Reichenberg
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levey Place, Box 1230, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 28:193-207. 2006
    ..IQ was not associated with age of onset. These results confirm the importance of low intellectual functioning as a risk factor for SSD. This is unlikely to be due to prodrome...
  82. pmc Does IQ explain socioeconomic inequalities in health? Evidence from a population based cohort study in the west of Scotland
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RZ
    BMJ 332:580-4. 2006
    ..To test the hypothesis that IQ is a fundamental cause of socioeconomic inequalities in health...
  83. pmc Smaller white-matter volumes are associated with larger deficits in attention and learning among long-term survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia
    Wilburn E Reddick
    Division of Translational Imaging Research, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA
    Cancer 106:941-9. 2006
    ..The primary objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have deficits in neurocognitive performance, and smaller white-matter volumes are associated with these deficits...
  84. ncbi Identification of first candidate genes for creativity: a pilot study
    Martin Reuter
    Department of Psychology, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10F, D 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Brain Res 1069:190-7. 2006
    ....
  85. ncbi Intelligence and brain size in 100 postmortem brains: sex, lateralization and age factors
    S F Witelson
    Albert Einstein Irving Zucker Chair in Neuroscience, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, Michael G DeGroote School of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Brain 129:386-98. 2006
    ..Our results point to the need for responsibility in the consideration of the possible use of brain images as intelligence tests.
  86. doi IQ in early adulthood and later risk of death by homicide: cohort study of 1 million men
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 193:461-5. 2008
    ..Risk factors for homicide are emerging; however, the predictive value of IQ, for which there is a strong prima facie case, has yet to be examined...
  87. pmc Low intelligence test scores in 18 year old men and risk of suicide: cohort study
    D Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR
    BMJ 330:167. 2005
    ..To examine the association between intelligence test scores in men, measured at age 18, and subsequent suicide...
  88. ncbi Secular gains in fluid intelligence: evidence from the Culture-Fair intelligence test
    Roberto Colom
    Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    J Biosoc Sci 35:33-9. 2003
    ..Therefore, more selected people (graduates) show a smaller increase than less selected people (students). Some implications are discussed...
  89. ncbi Cognitive change and the APOE epsilon 4 allele
    Ian J Deary
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, 7 George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, UK
    Nature 418:932. 2002
    ..This effect of the APOE epsilon 4 allele on normal cognitive ageing may be mediated by a mechanism that is at least partly independent of its predisposing effect towards Alzheimer's disease...
  90. pmc Breast milk feeding and cognitive ability at 7-8 years
    L J Horwood
    Christchurch Health and Development Study and Department of Paediatrics, Christchurch School of Medicine, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 84:F23-7. 2001
    ..To examine the association between duration of breast milk feeding and cognitive ability at 7-8 years in a birth cohort of very low birthweight infants...
  91. ncbi Cognition. The holey grail of general intelligence
    R J Sternberg
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Science 289:399-401. 2000
    ..But, as Sternberg points out, measures of intelligence are only as good as the tests you use and the conclusions that you draw from them...
  92. ncbi Intellectual outcome in children and adolescents with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia treated with chemotherapy alone: age- and sex-related differences
    N von der Weid
    Swiss Pediatric Oncology Group SPOG, University Children s Hospital Inselspital, CH 3010, Berne, Switzerland
    Eur J Cancer 39:359-65. 2003
    ..The abandonment of prophylactic CNS irradiation and its replacement by a more intensive systemic and intrathecal chemotherapy led to a reduction, but not the disappearance of late neuropsychological sequelae...
  93. ncbi Ependymoma in childhood: prognostic factors, extent of surgery, and adjuvant therapy
    Marie Lise C van Veelen-Vincent
    Sophia Children s Hospital, University Hospital Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Neurosurg 97:827-35. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of patient-related factors, extent of surgery, and adjuvant therapy on survival in children presenting with intracranial ependymoma...
  94. pmc Longitudinal cohort study of childhood IQ and survival up to age 76
    L J Whalley
    Department of Mental Health, University of Aberdeen, Clinical Research Centre, Cornhill Hospital, Aberdeen AB24 2ZD
    BMJ 322:819. 2001
    ..Controlling for this factor did not alter the association between mental ability and mortality. CONCLUSION: Childhood mental ability is a significant factor among the variables that predict age at death...
  95. ncbi Twin-singleton differences in intelligence?
    D Posthuma
    Department of Biological Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Twin Res 3:83-7. 2000
    ..It is concluded that twin studies provide reliable estimates of heritabilities of intellectual abilities which can be generalised to the singleton population...
  96. ncbi Predicting intellectual outcome among children treated with 35-40 Gy craniospinal irradiation for medulloblastoma
    Shawna L Palmer
    Division of Behavioral Medicine, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105 2794, USA
    Neuropsychology 17:548-55. 2003
    ..A steeper decline was found for those with higher baseline performance. Clinicians may use the proposed predictive model to identify those patients who are at risk of significant intellectual decline...
  97. pmc Birth weight and cognitive function in young adult life: historical cohort study
    H T Sørensen
    Department of Internal Medicine V, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark
    BMJ 315:401-3. 1997
    ..To examine the relation between birth weight and cognitive function in young adult life...
  98. ncbi Intellectual and language findings and their relationship to EEG characteristics in benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes
    Daria Riva
    Developmental Neurology Division, Istituto Nazionale Neurologico C Besta, Via Celoria 11, Milan, Italy
    Epilepsy Behav 10:278-85. 2007
    ....
  99. ncbi Hypercalculia in savant syndrome: central executive failure?
    Andrés Antonio González-Garrido
    Unidad de Neurociencias, Hospital Civil de Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
    Arch Med Res 33:586-9. 2002
    ..We report the case of a 16-year-old male patient with exceptional mental calculation abilities and moderate mental retardation...
  100. doi Visual search performance in children rated as good or poor attenders: the differential impact of DAT1 genotype, IQ, and chronological age
    K M Cornish
    Neuroscience Laboratory for Research and Education in Developmental Disorders, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Neuropsychology 22:217-25. 2008
    ..In contrast, DAT1 gene, known to be associated with the behavioral symptoms of ADHD, was unrelated to visual search or vigilance performance, although it was related to ADHD symptoms...
  101. ncbi Cognitive estimation and affective judgments in alcoholic Korsakoff patients
    Matthias Brand
    Physiological Psychology, University of Bielefeld, Germany
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 25:324-34. 2003
    ..g., information processing speed) and higher cognitive functions (executive functions and memory), suggesting a common basis in cognitive estimation and in affective judgments in Korsakoff syndrome...

Research Grants124 found, 100 shown here

  1. Cognitive Derminants of Mild Mental Retardation
    Dasen Luo; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..measures of processing speed, working memory, and long-term memory processing, together with conventional intelligence tests. We will examine whether there is a distinctive cognitive composition of intelligence for the children with ..
  2. Validity of Diagnostic Measures for Autistic Spectrum
    Catherine Lord; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..proposal uses analyses of an existing data set of over 1100 individuals with scores on the ADIR, ADOS, intelligence tests, the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, and clinical best estimate diagnoses, with replication of findings ..
  3. Neurodevelopmental Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs II
    Kimford Meador; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The NEAD study has an invaluable cohort, and the results of this continuation proposal will impact the clinical management of women receiving these medications, and improve the health of their children. ..
  4. NEURODEVELOPMENT EFFECTS OF ANTIEPILEPTIC DRUGS
    Kimford Meador; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results of the study will impact the clinical management of women receiving these medications, and improve the health of their children. ..
  5. Neurodevelopmental Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs II
    Kimford Meador; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The NEAD study has an invaluable cohort, and the results of this continuation proposal will impact the clinical management of women receiving these medications, and improve the health of their children. ..
  6. Prenatal Cannabis & Cigarette Exposure - Outcome
    Peter Fried; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. SURGERY FOR INFANTILE SPASMS CORRELATES OF AUTISTIC DISORDER
    Rochelle Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..To apply the technique of neural networks to develop reliable and automated measures of neural structures relevant to schizophrenia 7. To examine the relationship between CCTCC abnormalities, symptom patterns, and cognitive performance ..
  8. THOUGHT DISORDER: A DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY IN EPILEPSY
    Rochelle Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Weekly seizure frequency data will be obtained on a monthly basis from the parent during the 2 years. ..
  9. PRENATAL CANNABIS AND CIGARETTE CONSEQUENCES
    Peter Fried; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  10. Pediatric Thought Disorder: Insights from Neuroimaging
    Rochelle Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. CANNABIS AND CIGARETTE EXPOSURE-LONG TERM EFFECTS
    Peter Fried; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The testing of children of this age is particularly critical as the identification of subtle learning difficulties is most likely to come from studies of this age group...
  12. PRENATAL CANNABIS & CIGARETTE EXPOSURE-LONG TERM EFFECTS
    Peter Fried; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The testing of children of this age is particularly critical as the prediction of subtle learning difficulties is most likely to come from studies of this age group...
  13. Maternal overnutrition and offspring fat mass, metabolic and vascular function.
    Debbie Lawlor; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  14. METHYLPHENIDATE TREATMENT AND PRENATAL ALCOHOL EXPOSURE
    SARAH MATTSON; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Knowledge gained from this research will help to provide a more rational basis for the treatment of the well-documented attentional problems in these children. ..
  15. Cognitive Control in Autism
    Marjorie Solomon; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The training and research plans outlined in this application will prepare the Candidate to participate as a senior investigator in efforts to achieve these goals. ..
  16. AUDITORY DEVELOPMENT IN EARLY-AMPLIFIED CHILDREN
    Yvonne Sininger; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  17. Cerebellar structure and function in adult ADHD
    Eve Valera; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  18. GROWTH CURVES OF ADULT INTELLIGENCE BY TIME-LAG TESTING
    John McArdle; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  19. Reward System Recovery Following Behavioral Activation Therapy in Depression
    GABRIEL DICHTER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such a strategy is consistent with NIMH's mission to reduce the burden of psychiatric disorders. ..
  20. Twins and Singletons with Specific Language Impairment
    Mabel L Rice; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The outcomes will be highly relevant for the identification of children at risk for language disability and the estimation of possible genetic, environmental, and interactive age modulated effects on language and reading acquisition. ..
  21. Memory dissociations and risk for AD versus VaD
    Elizabeth Leritz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Collectively, this data will provide invaluable clinical and theoretical contributions to the current literature on dementia risk. ..
  22. PSYCHOSOCIAL IMPACT OF PEDIATRIC BONE MARROW TRANSPLANT
    Sean Phipps; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, analyses will explore hypotheses specific to the positive psychology model, testing the role of positive affect and dispositional optimism as mediators and moderators of the intervention on child and parent well being. ..