psychosocial deprivation

Summary

Summary: The absence of appropriate stimuli in the physical or social environment which are necessary for the emotional, social, and intellectual development of the individual.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Disadvantaged but different: variation among deprived communities in relation to child and family well-being
    Jacqueline Barnes
    Institute for the Study of Children, Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck, University of London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:952-62. 2005
  2. ncbi Early adolescent outcomes of institutionally deprived and non-deprived adoptees. III. Quasi-autism
    Michael Rutter
    MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:1200-7. 2007
  3. ncbi Local brain functional activity following early deprivation: a study of postinstitutionalized Romanian orphans
    H T Chugani
    Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit Medical Center, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Neuroimage 14:1290-301. 2001
  4. pmc The protective effects of neighborhood collective efficacy on British children growing up in deprivation: a developmental analysis
    Candice L Odgers
    Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA, 92697 7085, USA
    Dev Psychol 45:942-57. 2009
  5. pmc Modification of depression by COMT val158met polymorphism in children exposed to early severe psychosocial deprivation
    Stacy S Drury
    Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 34:387-95. 2010
  6. ncbi A deprivation index for health and welfare planning in Quebec
    R Pampalon
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Chemin Sainte Foy, Québec G1S 2L4
    Chronic Dis Can 21:104-13. 2000
  7. pmc Cerebellar volume and cognitive functioning in children who experienced early deprivation
    Patrick M Bauer
    University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 66:1100-6. 2009
  8. ncbi Social capital and young adolescents' perceived health in different sociocultural settings
    Marjan Drukker
    Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, South Limburg Mental Health Research and Teaching Network, EURON, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 61:185-98. 2005
  9. pmc Factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorder and depression amongst internally displaced persons in northern Uganda
    Bayard Roberts
    Conflict and Health Programme, Health Policy Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Psychiatry 8:38. 2008
  10. ncbi Socioeconomic factors, material inequalities, and perceived control in self-rated health: cross-sectional data from seven post-communist countries
    M Bobak
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 51:1343-50. 2000

Detail Information

Publications202 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Disadvantaged but different: variation among deprived communities in relation to child and family well-being
    Jacqueline Barnes
    Institute for the Study of Children, Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck, University of London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:952-62. 2005
    ..To evaluate the implementation, impact, and cost-effectiveness of SSLPs, or other area-based initiatives, it is important to consider ways in which they can be grouped meaningfully according to these patterns...
  2. ncbi Early adolescent outcomes of institutionally deprived and non-deprived adoptees. III. Quasi-autism
    Michael Rutter
    MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:1200-7. 2007
    ..Some young children reared in profoundly depriving institutions have been found to show autistic-like patterns, but the developmental significance of these features is unknown...
  3. ncbi Local brain functional activity following early deprivation: a study of postinstitutionalized Romanian orphans
    H T Chugani
    Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit Medical Center, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Neuroimage 14:1290-301. 2001
    ..Dysfunction of these brain regions may result from the stress of early global deprivation and may be involved in the long-term cognitive and behavioral deficits displayed by some Romanian orphans...
  4. pmc The protective effects of neighborhood collective efficacy on British children growing up in deprivation: a developmental analysis
    Candice L Odgers
    Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA, 92697 7085, USA
    Dev Psychol 45:942-57. 2009
    ..Collective efficacy did not predict the rate of change in antisocial behavior between the ages of 5 and 10. Findings suggest that neighborhood collective efficacy may have a protective effect on children living in deprived contexts...
  5. pmc Modification of depression by COMT val158met polymorphism in children exposed to early severe psychosocial deprivation
    Stacy S Drury
    Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 34:387-95. 2010
    ..To examine the impact of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) val(158)met allele on depressive symptoms in young children exposed to early severe social deprivation as a result of being raised in institutions...
  6. ncbi A deprivation index for health and welfare planning in Quebec
    R Pampalon
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Chemin Sainte Foy, Québec G1S 2L4
    Chronic Dis Can 21:104-13. 2000
    ..The value of the information provided by this index in planning health and social services is demonstrated...
  7. pmc Cerebellar volume and cognitive functioning in children who experienced early deprivation
    Patrick M Bauer
    University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 66:1100-6. 2009
    ..Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the role of early environmental deprivation in the maturation of the cerebellum and aspects of cognitive development...
  8. ncbi Social capital and young adolescents' perceived health in different sociocultural settings
    Marjan Drukker
    Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, South Limburg Mental Health Research and Teaching Network, EURON, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 61:185-98. 2005
    ..The results suggest that associations between the wider social environment and health outcomes vary across different populations and cross-national contexts...
  9. pmc Factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorder and depression amongst internally displaced persons in northern Uganda
    Bayard Roberts
    Conflict and Health Programme, Health Policy Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Psychiatry 8:38. 2008
    ..The purpose of the study was to measure rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression amongst these internally displaced persons (IDPs), and investigate associated demographic and trauma exposure risk factors...
  10. ncbi Socioeconomic factors, material inequalities, and perceived control in self-rated health: cross-sectional data from seven post-communist countries
    M Bobak
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 51:1343-50. 2000
    ..Perceived control appeared statistically to mediate some of the effects of material deprivation. The non-significant effects of both ecological measures of inequality were eliminated by controlling for individuals' characteristics...
  11. ncbi Do the effects of early severe deprivation on cognition persist into early adolescence? Findings from the English and Romanian adoptees study
    Celia Beckett
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London
    Child Dev 77:696-711. 2006
    ..The findings draw attention to the psychological as well as physical risks of institutional deprivation...
  12. pmc Deprivation and survival from breast cancer
    C T Schrijvers
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical School, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Br J Cancer 72:738-43. 1995
    ..4%). In women aged 30-64 years, 10% of all deaths within 5 years might be avoidable, while in older women this figure is 5.8%...
  13. pmc Excess mortality in a population with diabetes and the impact of material deprivation: longitudinal, population based study
    N A Roper
    Diabetes Care Centre, Middlesbrough General Hospital, Middlesbrough TS5 5AZ
    BMJ 322:1389-93. 2001
    ....
  14. ncbi Abnormal brain connectivity in children after early severe socioemotional deprivation: a diffusion tensor imaging study
    Thomas J Eluvathingal
    Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    Pediatrics 117:2093-100. 2006
    ..The present study used diffusion tensor imaging tractography to examine the integrity of white matter tracts that connect these brain regions...
  15. ncbi [Psychosocial deprivation as a cause of growth retardation in children]
    Margreet Trip-Hoving
    Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 153:A455. 2009
    ..Further evaluation, however, showed that there was evidence of psychosocial deprivation as a result of an unstable family situation...
  16. ncbi Cognitive recovery in socially deprived young children: the Bucharest Early Intervention Project
    Charles A Nelson
    Harvard Medical School and Children s Hospital, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Science 318:1937-40. 2007
    ..These results point to the negative sequelae of early institutionalization, suggest a possible sensitive period in cognitive development, and underscore the advantages of family placements for young abandoned children...
  17. ncbi Homeless street children in Nepal: use of allostatic load to assess the burden of childhood adversity
    Carol M Worthman
    Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 20:233-55. 2008
    ....
  18. ncbi How early experience matters in intellectual development in the case of poverty
    Gilbert Gottlieb
    Center for Developmental Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 8115, USA
    Prev Sci 5:245-52. 2004
    ..The results of that program reflect what one would expect from the rodent studies mentioned above...
  19. ncbi Socioeconomic status and health: youth development and neomaterialist and psychosocial mechanisms
    Candyce Kroenke
    University of California, San Francisco and Berkeley, CA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 66:31-42. 2008
    ..This perspective may be particularly relevant to appropriately evaluating the impact of selection and causation in research on SES and disease and will also hopefully provide clarity to this ongoing theoretical debate...
  20. ncbi Individual differences in salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase in mothers and their infants: relation to tobacco smoke exposure
    Douglas A Granger
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Dev Psychobiol 49:692-701. 2007
    ..The findings are discussed in relation to the influence of smoking tobacco on the validity of salivary biomarkers of stress...
  21. ncbi Prophecies of childhood: how children's social environments and biological propensities affect the health of populations
    Amy M Bauer
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Int J Behav Med 11:164-75. 2004
    ..Acknowledging the long-lasting sequelae of childhood adversity has important implications for public health and society...
  22. ncbi [Socially underprivileged children--a challenge for communal health care]
    H G Schlack
    Rheinisches Kinderneurologisches Zentrum Bonn
    Gesundheitswesen 65:671-5. 2003
  23. ncbi [Causes of socioeconomic group-related mortality in the Federal Republic of Germany--tobacco consumption is the predominant risk factor]
    Sven Schneider
    Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Stabsstelle Krebsprävention sowie WHO Kollaborationszentrum für Tabakkontrolle, Heidelberg
    Int J Public Health 52:39-53. 2007
    ..To establish whether socioeconomic differences in mortality exist in the Federal Republic of Germany and whether any such differences are attributable to material, structural, and lifestyle factors...
  24. pmc Longitudinal association between infant disorganized attachment and childhood posttraumatic stress symptoms
    Helen Z MacDonald
    Behavioral Sciences Division, National corrected Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 South Huntington Avenue, 116B 4, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 20:493-508. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that the quality of early dyadic relationships may be linked to differences in children's later development of posttraumatic stress symptoms following a traumatic event...
  25. ncbi Deliberate self-harm in children and adolescents: association with social deprivation
    Agnes Ayton
    West End Child and Family Service, 2062 68 Hessle Road, Hessle HU13 9NW, North Humberside, UK
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 12:303-7. 2003
    ..It has been demonstrated that adult suicidal behaviour is associated with unemployment and social deprivation. The association between self-harm and social deprivation in young people is less clear...
  26. ncbi Brief Report: exploratory analysis of the ADOS revised algorithm: specificity and predictive value with Hispanic children referred for autism spectrum disorders
    Terry Overton
    Department of School Specialties, University of Texas Brownsville, 80 Fort Brown, Brownsville, TX 78520, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 38:1166-9. 2008
    ..Results of Mann-Whitney U analyses were inconsistent and demonstrated less specificity for children with milder levels of social impairment. The revised algorithm demonstrated accuracy for the more severe autistic group...
  27. ncbi How should we measure social disadvantage in clinic settings?
    D M Foreman
    Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service, Skimped Hill Health Centre, Market Square, Bracknell RG12 1LH, UK
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 12:308-12. 2003
    ..Despite a large research literature supporting their validity, deprivation indices derived from census data have not been routinely applied to clinic populations...
  28. ncbi Early deprivation and home basal cortisol levels: a study of internationally adopted children
    Darlene A Kertes
    Institute of Child Development, 51 East River Road, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 20:473-91. 2008
    ..A structural equation model revealed that preadoption Deprived Care predicted Growth Delay at adoption and Growth Delay predicted higher morning cortisol levels and a larger diurnal cortisol decrease...
  29. ncbi The relations between contextual risk, earned income, and the school adjustment of children from economically disadvantaged families
    Brian P Ackerman
    Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
    Dev Psychol 40:204-16. 2004
    ..Little evidence was found for persistence effects. Theoretical implications concern conceptualizations of the diverse and dynamic nature of the family circumstances experienced by disadvantaged children...
  30. ncbi Specificity of putative psychosocial risk factors for psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents
    Lilly Shanahan
    Developmental Epidemiology Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:34-42. 2008
    ..This study tests the specificity of putative psychosocial risk factors while addressing these criticisms...
  31. ncbi Neighborhood social characteristics and fall injuries in children. An area-based study in Stockholm County
    Lucie Laflamme
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    Soz Praventivmed 51:355-62. 2006
    ..To study the potential influence of the composition of the population in Stockholm County on the occurrence of paediatric fall injuries...
  32. pmc Changing socioeconomic inequality in infant mortality in Cumbria
    T J B Dummer
    School of Social Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Arch Dis Child 90:157-62. 2005
    ..To investigate infant deaths in Cumbria, 1950-93, in relation to individual and community level socioeconomic status...
  33. pmc Social circumstances and education: life course origins of social inequalities in metabolic risk in a prospective national birth cohort
    Claudia Langenberg
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, England, United Kingdom
    Am J Public Health 96:2216-21. 2006
    ..We investigated the relative importance of education and childhood and adult social class in the risk of metabolic syndrome...
  34. ncbi [Influence of social factors on the health of children and adolescents]
    Johannes Siegrist
    Institut für Medizinische Soziologie, Heinrich Heine Universitat Dusseldorf
    Kinderkrankenschwester 25:94-7. 2006
  35. ncbi [A glance to health and life contexts: the indexes of social disadvantage]
    Marta Valerio
    Laboratorio di Farmacoepidemiologia, Consorzio Mario Negri Sud, Santa Maria Imbaro, Chieti
    Assist Inferm Ric 24:174-8. 2005
  36. pmc Association between childhood fatal injuries and socioeconomic position at individual and area levels: a multilevel study
    Myoung Hee Kim
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Eulji University School of Medicine, South Korea
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:135-40. 2007
    ..To simultaneously examine the effects of area-level and individual-level socioeconomic position on fatal injuries in children <5 years of age...
  37. ncbi Effects of multiple context and cumulative stress on urban children's adjustment in elementary school
    Julie R Morales
    University of California at Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Child Dev 77:907-23. 2006
    ..The important influence of life events stress on children's adjustment in disadvantaged communities is discussed...
  38. ncbi An interactionist perspective on the socioeconomic context of human development
    Rand D Conger
    1The Family Research Group, Department of Human and Community Development, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:175-99. 2007
    ..Drawing on the combined set of research findings, the article concludes with the description of an interactionist model that serves as a heuristic for future studies of the links among SES, parenting behaviors, and child development...
  39. ncbi Neuropsychological functioning in preschool-age children with sickle cell disease: the role of illness-related and psychosocial factors
    Reem A Tarazi
    Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Child Neuropsychol 13:155-72. 2007
    ..Further investigations should include comparison to a matched control group...
  40. ncbi The origins of hopelessness among inner-city African-American adolescents
    John M Bolland
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Am J Community Psychol 36:293-305. 2005
    ....
  41. ncbi Is the association between low job control and coronary heart disease confounded by risk factors measured in childhood and adolescence among Swedish males 40-53 years of age?
    Tomas Hemmingsson
    Division of Occupational Health, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Int J Epidemiol 35:616-22. 2006
    ....
  42. ncbi Processes of cumulative adversity: childhood disadvantage and increased risk of heart attack across the life course
    Angela M O'Rand
    Department of Sociology, Box 90088, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0088, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 60:117-24. 2005
    ..This article examines how processes of cumulative adversity shape heart attack risk trajectories across the life course...
  43. ncbi The role of mediating factors in the association between social deprivation and low birth weight in Germany
    Birgit Reime
    University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 62:1731-44. 2006
    ..Public health policies in Germany should target social inequalities contributing to the aetiology of LBW and to the factors that result in increased LBW rates...
  44. pmc Social deprivation and childhood injuries in North and West Belfast
    J A Silversides
    Royal Belfast Hospital for Sick Children, Northern Ireland
    Ulster Med J 74:22-8. 2005
    ..Specific causes of injury, for example burns and scalds, high falls, and motor vehicle accidents are particularly associated with deprivation. Targeting should be taken into account when injury prevention strategies are being developed...
  45. ncbi [Children's and adolescents' experiences of violence based on subjective self-reporting. First results of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS)]
    R Schlack
    Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, BRD
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 50:819-26. 2007
    ..As no distinction can be made between familial violence and other forms of violence using the KiGGS data, care should be taken in interpreting it. Its significance lies in identifying risk groups...
  46. ncbi Clinical and sociodemographic variables associated with the onset of posttraumatic stress disorder in road traffic accidents
    Ramón Coronas
    Corporació Hospitalària Parc Taulí, Sabadell 08205, Barcelona, Spain
    Depress Anxiety 25:E16-23. 2008
    ..Female sex, severe physical injury, perceived social deprivation, and sick leave were related to the diagnosis of PTSD 2 months after the accident...
  47. ncbi Regular use of alcohol and tobacco in India and its association with age, gender, and poverty
    K J Neufeld
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 77:283-91. 2005
    ..Comparisons are made between these results and those found in the United States and elsewhere, highlighting the need to address control of these substances on the public health agenda...
  48. ncbi [Life situation and health status of children and adolescents]
    Claus Barkmann
    Klinik und Poliklinik für Kinder und Jugendpsychodomatik, Universitatsklinikum Hamburg Eppendorf
    Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr 55:444-58. 2006
    ..Especially the frequency of problems in kindergarten and school as well as stressful life events indicate that preventive interventions are necessary...
  49. ncbi [Mental retardation and environment: contribution of growth curves to etiological diagnosis]
    A Roubergue
    Service de Pediatrie, neurologie et pathologie du développement, Hopital Armand Trousseau, 26, avenue du Docteur A Netter, 75012 Paris, France
    Arch Pediatr 9:79-87. 2002
    ..All 5 children had non-organic failure to thrive which was displayed only on the retrospective study of their records. Four recovered from their developmental retardation...
  50. ncbi Spatial but not verbal cognitive deficits at age 3 years in persistently antisocial individuals
    Adrian Raine
    Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, 90089 1061, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 14:25-44. 2002
    ....
  51. ncbi A longitudinal community study: do psychosocial risk factors and child behavior checklist scores at 5 years of age predict psychiatric diagnoses at a later age?
    Marielle Kroes
    University Hospital of Maastricht, Department of Neurology, The Netherlands
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 41:955-63. 2002
    ..To examine the extent to which certain risk factors in 5- to 6-year-old children predict later psychopathology in a population-based sample of children from the province of Limburg in the south of the Netherlands...
  52. ncbi The environment of poverty: multiple stressor exposure, psychophysiological stress, and socioemotional adjustment
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    Child Dev 73:1238-48. 2002
    ..Preliminary mediational analyses with cross-sectional data suggest that cumulative stressor exposure may partially account for the well-documented, elevated risk of socioemotional difficulties accompanying poverty...
  53. ncbi Do places matter? Socioeconomic disadvantage and behavioral problems of children in Canada
    Michael H Boyle
    Canadian Centre for Studies for Children at Risk, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, McMaster University Faculty of Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario
    J Consult Clin Psychol 70:378-89. 2002
    ....
  54. ncbi The influence of income on health: views of an epidemiologist
    Michael Marmot
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health and International Centre for Health and Society, University College London
    Health Aff (Millwood) 21:31-46. 2002
    ..Under present U.S. circumstances, a policy of counteracting growing income inequalities through the tax and benefit system and of public provision appears justified...
  55. ncbi [Precursors of hyperactive disorders: potential early diagnosis in infants?]
    Günter Esser
    Institut fur Psychologie, Universitat Potsdam
    Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother 35:179-88. 2007
    ..development) between infants who later on at the age of 8 years suffer from a hyperactive disorder and those who later on at the same age are undisturbed? Are there specific harbingers for hyperactive disorders in the group concerned?..
  56. ncbi Developmental outcome of school-age children born to mothers with heroin dependency: importance of environmental factors
    A Ornoy
    Laboratory of Teratology, The Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School Jerusalem, Israel
    Dev Med Child Neurol 43:668-75. 2001
    ..The highest rate of ADHD was in children born to mothers with heroin dependency raised at home, being twice that observed in the other groups. Mothers of these groups of children also had a high rate of ADHD...
  57. ncbi Predicting early grade retention: a longitudinal investigation of primary school progress in a sample of rural South African children
    C Liddell
    Department of Psychology, University of Ulster, Cromore Road, Coleraine, Northern Ireland, BT52 1SA
    Br J Educ Psychol 71:413-28. 2001
    ..In addition, they highlight the importance of early curriculum mastery--rather than broader cognitive skills--for smooth progression through school...
  58. ncbi [Children's well-being under adversive situations in life: new results of studies on resiliency]
    G Opp
    Martin Luther Universitat Halle Wittenberg, Fachbereich Erziehungswissenschaften, Institut für Rehabilitationspädagogik, Halle
    Gesundheitswesen 63:S106-14. 2001
    ....
  59. ncbi The influence of the economic and social environment on deliberate self-harm and suicide: an ecological and person-based study
    K Hawton
    Centre for Suicide Research, University of Oxford Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital
    Psychol Med 31:827-36. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Reducing socio-economic deprivation and its associated problems may be an important strategy in the prevention of suicidal behaviour, especially in young men...
  60. ncbi The early education of socioeconomically disadvantaged children
    David H Arnold
    Psychology Department, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 54:517-45. 2003
    ..Gender is discussed because low-SES boys have poorer general achievement than girls, while very few low-SES girls pursue careers in math- and science-related fields...
  61. ncbi Child maltreatment in the "Children of the Nineties:" deprivation, class, and social networks in a UK sample
    Peter Sidebotham
    Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Institute of Child Health, University of Bristol, St Michael s Hill, BS2 8BJ, Bristol, UK
    Child Abuse Negl 26:1243-59. 2002
    ..To determine risk factors for child maltreatment within the socio-economic environment of a contemporary UK child population...
  62. ncbi Academic growth curve trajectories from 1st grade to 12th grade: effects of multiple social risk factors and preschool child factors
    Leslie Morrison Gutman
    Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 0406, USA
    Dev Psychol 39:777-90. 2003
    ..Higher IQ and better mental health improved the GPA trajectories of low-risk children but did not influence the GPA trajectories of high-risk children...
  63. ncbi [The long-term influence of socio-economic disadvantage on the psychosocial adjustment of women]
    Ingrid Schoon
    School of Social Sciences, Dep of Psychology, City University, Northampton Square, GB London EC1V OHB, Great Britain
    Z Psychosom Med Psychother 48:381-95. 2002
    ..It is concluded that for a better understanding of psychosocial adjustment across the lifespan we have to consider the interactions of a changing individual in a changing context...
  64. ncbi Predictive validity and early predictors of peer-victimization trajectories in preschool
    Edward D Barker
    Department of Psychology, Center for the Prevention of Youth Behavior Problems, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:1185-92. 2008
    ..However, developmental trajectories of peer victimization, from the time children first begin to socially interact, are not currently known nor are early familial or child predictors...
  65. ncbi [Conceptualization and operationalization of social inequality in The Child and Adolescent Health Survey]
    T Lampert
    Robert Koch Institut, Seestrasse 10, 13353 Berlin
    Gesundheitswesen 64:S48-52. 2002
    ....
  66. ncbi Neighbourhood deprivation and health: does it affect us all equally?
    Mai Stafford
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London Medical School, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 32:357-66. 2003
    ..Model 2: being poor (rich) relative to the neighbourhood average is associated with worse (better) health because of the discrepancy between an individual's situation and those around them...
  67. ncbi Social inequality and discontinuation of orthodontic treatment: is there a link?
    Elizabeth A Turbill
    Orthodontic Unit, University Dental Hospital of Manchester, UK
    Eur J Orthod 25:175-83. 2003
    ..Occupation-based social classifications and the Carstairs Index may be a little more sensitive to orthodontic applications than other indicators of social inequality...
  68. pmc Effects of early psychosocial deprivation on the development of memory and executive function
    Karen J Bos
    Harvard Medical School and Harvard School of Public Health Boston, MA, USA
    Front Behav Neurosci 3:16. 2009
    ..This study has implications for the millions of children who continue to experience the psychosocial deprivation associated with early institutional care.
  69. ncbi [Psychosocial deprivation as a cause of growth retardation in children.]
    M Trip Hoving
    Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Nijmegen
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 153:A455. 2009
    ..Further evaluation, however, showed that there was evidence of psychosocial deprivation as a result of an unstable family situation...
  70. pmc Behavior problems in children adopted from psychosocially depriving institutions
    Emily C Merz
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 38:459-70. 2010
    ..The implications of these results are that early psychosocial deprivation is associated with behavior problems, children exposed to prolonged early deprivation may be especially ..
  71. ncbi Area-based socioeconomic environment, obesity risk behaviours, area facilities and childhood overweight and obesity: socioeconomic environment and childhood overweight
    Lourdes Navalpotro
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
    Prev Med 55:102-7. 2012
    ..The objective of this study is to evaluate whether the relation between area-based socioeconomic environment and childhood obesity can be explained by household socioeconomic position, obesity-related risk behaviours and area facilities...
  72. ncbi Social and mental health profiles of young male offenders in detention in Greece
    Katerina Maniadaki
    Department of Social Work, Technological Educational Institution of Athens, Greece
    Crim Behav Ment Health 18:207-15. 2008
    ..Among young offenders, mental health problems have been linked both to more serious delinquent acts and to high recidivism rates, but there has been little study of this in Greece...
  73. ncbi The system-stabilizing role of identity management strategies: social creativity can undermine collective action for social change
    Julia C Becker
    Department of Psychology, Social Psychology, Philipps University Marburg, Gutenbergstrasse 18, Marburg 35032, Germany
    J Pers Soc Psychol 103:647-62. 2012
    ..Implications for social change are discussed...
  74. pmc Mental health and childhood adversities: a longitudinal study in Kabul, Afghanistan
    Catherine Panter-Brick
    The Jackson Institute and Department of Anthropology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 50:349-63. 2011
    ..To identify prospective predictors of mental health in Kabul, Afghanistan...
  75. ncbi Links between ethnic identification, cannabis use and dependence, and life outcomes in a New Zealand birth cohort
    Dannette Marie
    University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 42:780-8. 2008
    ..To examine the role of ethnic identity in cannabis use, and links between ethnic identity, cannabis use and life outcomes, in a birth cohort of >1000 young people studied to age 25...
  76. ncbi Dietary assessment of a population of pregnant women in Sheffield, UK
    Theodora Mouratidou
    Academic Unit of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, University of Sheffield, Level 4, The Jessop Wing, Tree Root Walk, Sheffield S10 2SF, UK
    Br J Nutr 96:929-35. 2006
    ..The study findings suggest that the diet of pregnant women in Sheffield is characterised by low intakes of important nutrients for pregnancy such as folate and nutrient variations by electoral wards...
  77. ncbi The effect of post-natal mental distress amongst Indian and Pakistani mothers living in England on children's behavioural outcomes
    S L Prady
    Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK
    Child Care Health Dev 39:710-21. 2013
    ..There are unexplained differences in child mental health between South Asian ethnic minority groups living in the UK that may be due to variation in, and differential mediation of, these factors...
  78. pmc Lifelong socioeconomic trajectory and premature mortality (35-65 years) in France: findings from the GAZEL Cohort Study
    M Melchior
    INSERM U687 IFR69, St Maurice, France
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:937-44. 2006
    ..However, there are virtually no data from other countries and few investigations have examined non-cardiovascular mortality in men and women...
  79. ncbi [Early childhood prevention: implications for applied research and quality management]
    Jeanette Roos
    Pädagogische Hochschule Heidelberg, Fakultät I, Institut fur Psychologie, Keplerstr 87, Heidelberg
    Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr 61:738-49. 2012
    ..Criteria for success must include life quality or academic success (school achievement). The stability of the family must also be assessed both before and after the intervention...
  80. ncbi Women's coping experiences in the spectrum of domestic violence abuse
    Lisa Ann Haeseler
    Community Outreach Consultant, Leadership Headquarters, Angola, New York 14226, USA
    J Evid Based Soc Work 10:33-43. 2013
    ..Study results corroborate with research and demonstrate that women's coping, both in and out of the abusive relationship is unique and complex...
  81. pmc Inhibitory control and working memory in post-institutionalized children
    Emily C Merz
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 210 S Bouquet Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 41:879-90. 2013
    ..were less severely depriving than those represented in previous studies and approximated the level of psychosocial deprivation, which is characterized by adequate physical resources but a lack of consistent and responsive caregiving...
  82. pmc Black youth suicide: literature review with a focus on prevention
    F M Baker
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio
    J Natl Med Assoc 82:495-507. 1990
    ..Proposed theories of black suicide are reviewed. Based on a summary of the characteristics of black suicide attempters reported by the literature, preventive strategies--primary, secondary, and tertiary--are presented...
  83. ncbi Accurate measurement of body weight and food intake in environmentally enriched male Wistar rats
    Kylie E L Beale
    Section of Investigative Medicine, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:1715-21. 2011
    ....
  84. pmc Family developmental risk factors among adolescents with disabilities and children of parents with disabilities
    Dennis P Hogan
    Population Studies and Training Center, Brown University, 68 Waterman Street, Providence RI 02912, USA
    J Adolesc 30:1001-19. 2007
    ..Future research on adolescent development should consider the disability status of children and parents, with particular attention to patterns of gendered care-giving in American families...
  85. ncbi Cases that have taught me a lot
    Juan Luis Linares
    Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 12:349-60. 2007
    ....
  86. ncbi Does fibrinogen add to prediction of cardiovascular disease? Results from the Scottish Heart Health Extended Cohort Study
    Mark Woodward
    Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai Medical School, New York, NY, USA
    Br J Haematol 146:442-6. 2009
    ..We conclude that the added value of fibrinogen to two currently used risk scores is low; hence population screening with fibrinogen for this purpose is unlikely to be clinically useful or cost-effective...
  87. ncbi Social inequality and racial discrimination: risk factors for health disparities in children of color
    Kathy Sanders-Phillips
    Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Howard University College of Medicine, 1840 7th St NW, Washington, DC 20001, USA
    Pediatrics 124:S176-86. 2009
    ..On the basis of this literature, a conceptual model of exposure to racial discrimination as a chronic stressor and a risk factor for poor health outcomes and child health disparities is presented...
  88. ncbi Ethnicity, social disadvantage and psychotic-like experiences in a healthy population based sample
    C Morgan
    NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Health Service, England, UK
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 119:226-35. 2009
    ..We sought to investigate the prevalence and social correlates of psychotic-like experiences in a general population sample of Black and White British subjects...
  89. ncbi Suicide and severe mental illnesses. Cohort study within the UK general practice research database
    David Osborn
    Department of Mental Health Sciences, Hampstead Campus, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Rowland Hill Street, London, NW3 2PF, UK
    Schizophr Res 99:134-8. 2008
    ..33-7.94). In schizophrenia, risk was significantly higher when young but marked risk persisted until age 70. Greatest risk was associated with: increased consultation rates; antidepressant prescriptions and living in less deprived areas...
  90. ncbi Effect of the introduction of 'Healthy Start' on dietary behaviour during and after pregnancy: early results from the 'before and after' Sheffield study
    Fiona A Ford
    Academic Unit of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, University of Sheffield, The Jessop Wing, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Tree Root Walk, Sheffield S10 2SF, UK
    Br J Nutr 101:1828-36. 2009
    ..The present study showed that pregnant and postpartum HS women increased their food consumption, and a higher proportion of them than the earlier WFS scheme met the recommended intakes for Ca, folate, Fe and vitamin C...
  91. ncbi Defining a minimum income for healthy living (MIHL): older age, England
    J N Morris
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:1300-7. 2007
    ..Barriers to health must arise if income is below this level. We demonstrate the principle of such assessment for people aged 65 years plus without significant disability living independently in England...
  92. ncbi Relative deprivation: a theoretical and meta-analytic review
    Heather J Smith
    Sonoma State University of California, Rohnert Park, CA 94928, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 16:203-32. 2012
    ..Such methodological improvements would revitalize RD as a useful social psychological predictor of a wide range of important individual and social processes...
  93. ncbi Predicting life satisfaction after spinal cord injury in a Canadian sample
    M Tonack
    Lyndhurst Centre, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Spinal Cord 46:380-5. 2008
    ..Cross-sectional, survey...
  94. ncbi The health status of children without resident permit consulting the Children's Hospital of Lausanne
    Sarah Depallens Depallens
    Department of Paediatrics, Children s Hospital, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 140:w13048. 2010
    ..To assess social, economic and medical data concerning children without a resident permit taken into care by the Children's Hospital of Lausanne (HEL) in order to evaluate their specific needs...
  95. ncbi [The German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS): risks and resources for the mental development of children and adolescents]
    M Erhart
    Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, BRD
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 50:800-9. 2007
    ..Especially in children and adolescents with weak protective factors, an increased risk of mental health problems can be expected in the presence of stressful events...
  96. pmc Long-term consequences of child abuse and neglect on adult economic well-being
    Janet Currie
    Department of Economics, Columbia University, John Jay College, City University of New York, NY 10027, USA
    Child Maltreat 15:111-20. 2010
    ..Maltreatment appears to affect men and women differently, with larger effects for women than men. These new findings demonstrate that abused and neglected children experience large and enduring economic consequences...
  97. ncbi Early adolescent outcomes of institutionally-deprived and non-deprived adoptees. II: language as a protective factor and a vulnerable outcome
    Carla Croft
    MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:31-44. 2007
    ..There is uncertainty about the extent to which language skills are part of general intelligence and even more uncertainty on whether deprivation has differential effects on language and non-language skills...
  98. ncbi Characteristics and HIV risk behaviors of homeless, substance-using men who have sex with men
    Cathy J Reback
    Van Ness Recovery House Prevention Division, 1419 N La Brea Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90028, USA
    Addict Behav 32:647-54. 2007
    ..While the small convenience sample limits generalizability of the findings, these data provide an opportunity to gain insight into this at-risk population and, thereby, assess appropriate intervention strategies...
  99. ncbi Children's health-related quality of life, neighbourhood socio-economic deprivation and social capital. A contextual analysis
    Marjan Drukker
    Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, EURON, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 57:825-41. 2003
    ..However, children's mental health and behaviour were specifically associated with one aspect of social capital, the degree of informal social control in the neighbourhood...
  100. ncbi On the importance of internalized consumption norms for ill health
    Monica Aberg Yngwe
    Centre for Health Equity Studies CHESS, Stockholm University Karolinska Institutet, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 34:76-82. 2006
    ..The authors suggest that using the individual's own preferences, arguing these to be preferences of both society and reference groups internalized by the individual, may partly bridge this problem...
  101. ncbi Psychological processes and "the staircase to terrorism"
    Fathali M Moghaddam
    Georgetown University, Washington, DC, US
    Am Psychol 60:1039-41. 2005

Research Grants61

  1. The Relation Between Early Psychosocial Deprivation and Mental Health at 12 Years
    CHARLES ALEXANDER NELSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..infants abandoned since birth into institutions provides an opportunity to examine the effects of severe psychosocial deprivation and sensitive periods in typical neural, social-emotional and cognitive development, as well as in ..
  2. Early psychosocial deprivation and risk taking among adolescents in Romania
    CATALINA KOPETZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..innovative assessment approach, the current study represents a unique opportunity to understand how early psychosocial deprivation may impact disinhibitory processes as risk taking vulnerability which may in turn heighten the likelihood ..
  3. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF EARLY MEMORY DEVELOPMENT
    Charles Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The overall premise upon which this proposal is based is that experience with faces recruits regions within the inferior temporal cortex, leading to cortical specialization. ..
  4. Neurocognitive Outcome of Infants of Diabetic Mothers
    Charles Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Given that approximately 10% of all pregnancies are complicated by maternal diabetes, the current project has important implications for public health. ..
  5. Early temperament and social behavior in adolescence
    NATHAN FOX; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  6. Effects of Early Experience
    Carol Carter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Intergenerational effects of these experiences will be examined as well. ..
  7. Mothers, Places, and Preterm Birth
    JAN O SUNDQUIST; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings will be integrated with previous knowledge and results will be disseminated via scientific publications, student learning laboratories, and long-term partnerships with public health practitioners and the lay community. ..
  8. SOCIAL AND PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENTS AND HEALTH DISPARITIES
    Amy Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  9. HIV Risk Behavior in Out-of-school Rural African American Young Adults
    STEVEN KOGAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Psychobiological studies of stress in young children
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We argue that normative developmental research complements and provides basic data necessary for research and theory on developmental psychopathology. ..
  11. Early Experience, Stress Neurobiology & Prevention Sci
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  12. Behavioral factors in the surgical treatment of obesity
    Thomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study, by examining ghrelin and other appetite-related hormones, also will enhance knowledge of the regulation of body weight following GBP. ..
  13. Maternal overnutrition and offspring fat mass, metabolic and vascular function.
    Debbie Lawlor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  14. Drug Involvement in Context: Quantitative Perspectives
    Beth Reboussin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. NEBULIZER INTERVENTION IN MINORITY CHILDREN WITH ASTHMA
    Arlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Study findings will improve clinical care to this vulnerable population of children and will be if significant use to health care providers, researchers, insurers and policy makers. ..
  16. AIDS Caregiving Stress Among Midlife and Older Women
    Richard Wight; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. VIOLENCE--INTEGRATING SOCIAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS
    Adrian Raine; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  18. HOME NURSE INTERVENTION FOR IUDE INFANTS--3 YR FOLLOW UP
    Arlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Data will be of significant use to researchers, health care providers, insurers and policy makers. ..
  19. NEUROGENETICS, SEROTONIN, AND HUMAN AGGRESSION
    STEPHEN MANUCK; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This application is the resubmission of a prior proposal of the same title. ..
  20. FOLLOW-UP OF FAMILIES IN EARLY PREVENTIVE INTERVENTION
    David Olds; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  21. BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION AND PHARMACOTHERAPY FOR OBESITY
    Thomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If confirmed, the above findings will have important implications for treating obesity in primary care. ..
  22. Clustering of underage alcohol use in communities and its contextual influences
    Beth Reboussin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This information will have importance by disclosing what contextual factors should be targeted in future community-wide prevention and intervention efforts. ..
  23. Healthy Environments Partnership: Lean & Green in Motown
    Amy Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  24. Improving Asthma Communication in Minority Families
    Arlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. NeuroBehavioral Correlates of Early Deprivation
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. HBCU RESEARCH SCIENTIST AWARD
    Kathy Sanders Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The Principal Investigator of this project is the Interim Dean of the School of Education. ..
  27. Hostility, Depression, Social Environment, and CHD Risk
    John Barefoot; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Individual. Parnet, and School-Level Protective Factors in Early Adolescence
    ALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Adapting CHAMP+ for South Africa: Supporting HIV-Infected Youth and Families
    Claude Mellins; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The findings can be used to inform larger-scale effectiveness studies in similar settings. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Developmental Psychobiology of Stress in Children
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. LIFESTYLE ACTIVITY FOR WEIGHT MANAGEMENT
    Thomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The predicted superiority of lifestyle activity is based on extensive pilot data and, if confirmed, should significantly improve the management of obesity and its associated health complications. ..
  32. LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF NEIGHBORHOOD PREDICTORS OF CVD
    Jan Sundquist; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Pediatric Palliative Care National Symposium
    Alan Fleischman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This will include regional training programs, faculty development, technical assistance to hospitals and pediatric departments, and encouragement or research. ..
  34. A+ Asthma Rural Partnership
    Arlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The findings of this study will be important to clinicians, researchers, and health policy makers. ..
  35. Strengthening social capital to reduce youth violence
    Trudy Harpham; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The project enables cross-fertilization of research on youth violence between US, European and institutions in the South, which has been limited to date. ..
  36. Reducing Obesity & Diabetes in High Risk Youth
    ROBIN G WHITTEMORE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In minority communities, the rates are as high as nearly 30%. Approaches that are appealing to youth and that can be cost-effectively delivered are necessary to reduce this epidemic. ..
  37. Risk and Resilience in Youth with HIV+ Mothers
    Claude Mellins; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..At the end of Phase 2, we aim to have a feasible, culturally sensitive, effective prevention intervention that can be tested in a larger clinical trial with early adolescents affected by maternal HIV disease. ..
  38. Identifying Essential Skills for Violence Prevention
    ALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Completion of this work will set the stage for subsequent large-scale evaluation studies. ..
  39. Clinical Implications of Depression-Based Stigma
    Martha Miranda; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Within each of the aims, we will explore the extent to which the findings vary by ethnicity. ..
  40. CHILD DISABILITY AND THE FAMILY
    Dennis Hogan; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. ADJUSTMENT OF INTERNATIONALLY ADOPTED CHILDREN
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This work will add significantly to our understanding of the health and behavioral sequelae of early adversity and th potential impact of early adversity on stress-sensitive limbic-hypothalamic processes. ..
  42. Neurobiology of Social Support
    CAROL SUE CARTER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, these studies may help us understand neuroendocrine mechanisms underlying child neglect or abuse and why these may differ in males and females. ..
  43. Efficacy of Early Stage Alzheimer's Support Groups
    Rebecca G Logsdon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  44. Persisting Effects of Prenatal Anxiety on Child Outcomes
    THOMAS G O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  45. Economic Stress & Child Development Across 3 Generations
    Tricia K Neppl; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..s. ..
  46. CRITICAL TRANSITIONS IN RURAL FAMILIES AT RISK
    Rand Conger; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This information can be used to development more effective preventive interventions designed to reduce lifelong psychiatric problems. ..
  47. Preventing Type 2 Diabetes in At-Risk Youth
    Margaret Grey; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It is expected that this important and timely study will provide valuable information to help youth manage obesity, and potentially prevent T2DM and its long-term physical and psychosocial complications. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Trial of psychosocial training for pediatric generalists
    Lawrence Wissow; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION IN DISADVANTAGED GYNECOLOGY PATI
    Martha Miranda; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Finally. they will examine the cost-effectiveness of the two treatments, with outcomes including both depressive symptomalogy and functional status. ..
  50. A Developmental Multi-Informant Measurement Model of Temperament
    Kirby Deater Deckard; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. IMPROVING MENTAL HEALTH CARE BY PEDIATRIC GENERALISTS
    Lawrence Wissow; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The second will explore how concepts of therapeutic alliance, which have been shown to predict treatment outcome in specialized mental health services, can be applied to mental health care provided by generalists. ..
  52. D-Cycloserine Augmentation of Therapy for Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    Eric Storch; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such agents may have utility in improving outcome, reducing premature therapy termination, and targeting patients who have been treatment refractory. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. Community-Based Correlates of Adolescent Substance Use
    Kathy Sanders Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  54. Prevention of Depression in Latino Parents
    Esteban Cardemil; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY OF ADAPTATION--CHILDREN IN HEAD START
    Clancy Blair; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  56. ATTENDED CITY SCHOOLYARDS TO INCREASE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
    Thomas Farley; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  57. Young Adult Literacy Problems: Prevalence and Treatment
    Frank Wood; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It is expected that the different types of instruction will be differentially effective for persons with different skill profiles of strength and weakness. ..
  58. Language/theory/food conception and eating behavior
    JULIE LUMENG; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results of the proposed experiments will lead to the development of an intervention program to alter children's food preferences and eating behavior that will be tested in subsequent studies. ..
  59. CHILDHOOD PREDICTORS OF ALCHOLISM AND VIOLENCE
    Adrian Raine; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Such research has in turn the potential to address some of the issues raised in recent RFAs on alcoholism pertaining to youth, violence, and minorities. ..
  60. AGE 6 TEST OF HOME VISITS BY NURSES VS PARAPROFESSIONALS
    David Olds; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. CHILDHOOD ORIGINS OF ADOLESCENT SEXUAL RISK TAKING
    Marcela Raffaelli; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This project will provide unique information about developmental antecedents of adolescent sexual risk-taking and permit identification of fruitful avenues for early intervention. ..