Genomes and Genes
Summary: The absence of appropriate stimuli in the physical or social environment which are necessary for the emotional, social, and intellectual development of the individual.
Publications202 found, 100 shown here
- Disadvantaged but different: variation among deprived communities in relation to child and family well-beingJacqueline Barnes
Institute for the Study of Children, Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck, University of London, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:952-62. 2005..To evaluate the implementation, impact, and cost-effectiveness of SSLPs, or other area-based initiatives, it is important to consider ways in which they can be grouped meaningfully according to these patterns...
- Early adolescent outcomes of institutionally deprived and non-deprived adoptees. III. Quasi-autismMichael Rutter
MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:1200-7. 2007..Some young children reared in profoundly depriving institutions have been found to show autistic-like patterns, but the developmental significance of these features is unknown...
- Local brain functional activity following early deprivation: a study of postinstitutionalized Romanian orphansH T Chugani
Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit Medical Center, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
Neuroimage 14:1290-301. 2001..Dysfunction of these brain regions may result from the stress of early global deprivation and may be involved in the long-term cognitive and behavioral deficits displayed by some Romanian orphans...
- The protective effects of neighborhood collective efficacy on British children growing up in deprivation: a developmental analysisCandice L Odgers
Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA, 92697 7085, USA
Dev Psychol 45:942-57. 2009..Collective efficacy did not predict the rate of change in antisocial behavior between the ages of 5 and 10. Findings suggest that neighborhood collective efficacy may have a protective effect on children living in deprived contexts...
- Modification of depression by COMT val158met polymorphism in children exposed to early severe psychosocial deprivationStacy S Drury
Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA
Child Abuse Negl 34:387-95. 2010..To examine the impact of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) val(158)met allele on depressive symptoms in young children exposed to early severe social deprivation as a result of being raised in institutions...
- A deprivation index for health and welfare planning in QuebecR Pampalon
Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Chemin Sainte Foy, Québec G1S 2L4
Chronic Dis Can 21:104-13. 2000..The value of the information provided by this index in planning health and social services is demonstrated...
- Cerebellar volume and cognitive functioning in children who experienced early deprivationPatrick M Bauer
University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
Biol Psychiatry 66:1100-6. 2009..Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the role of early environmental deprivation in the maturation of the cerebellum and aspects of cognitive development...
- Social capital and young adolescents' perceived health in different sociocultural settingsMarjan Drukker
Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, South Limburg Mental Health Research and Teaching Network, EURON, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Soc Sci Med 61:185-98. 2005..The results suggest that associations between the wider social environment and health outcomes vary across different populations and cross-national contexts...
- Factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorder and depression amongst internally displaced persons in northern UgandaBayard Roberts
Conflict and Health Programme, Health Policy Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
BMC Psychiatry 8:38. 2008..The purpose of the study was to measure rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression amongst these internally displaced persons (IDPs), and investigate associated demographic and trauma exposure risk factors...
- Socioeconomic factors, material inequalities, and perceived control in self-rated health: cross-sectional data from seven post-communist countriesM Bobak
International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
Soc Sci Med 51:1343-50. 2000..Perceived control appeared statistically to mediate some of the effects of material deprivation. The non-significant effects of both ecological measures of inequality were eliminated by controlling for individuals' characteristics...
- Do the effects of early severe deprivation on cognition persist into early adolescence? Findings from the English and Romanian adoptees studyCelia Beckett
Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London
Child Dev 77:696-711. 2006..The findings draw attention to the psychological as well as physical risks of institutional deprivation...
- Deprivation and survival from breast cancerC T Schrijvers
Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical School, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Br J Cancer 72:738-43. 1995..4%). In women aged 30-64 years, 10% of all deaths within 5 years might be avoidable, while in older women this figure is 5.8%...
- Excess mortality in a population with diabetes and the impact of material deprivation: longitudinal, population based studyN A Roper
Diabetes Care Centre, Middlesbrough General Hospital, Middlesbrough TS5 5AZ
BMJ 322:1389-93. 2001....
- Abnormal brain connectivity in children after early severe socioemotional deprivation: a diffusion tensor imaging studyThomas J Eluvathingal
Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
Pediatrics 117:2093-100. 2006..The present study used diffusion tensor imaging tractography to examine the integrity of white matter tracts that connect these brain regions...
- [Psychosocial deprivation as a cause of growth retardation in children]Margreet Trip-Hoving
Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 153:A455. 2009..Further evaluation, however, showed that there was evidence of psychosocial deprivation as a result of an unstable family situation...
- Cognitive recovery in socially deprived young children: the Bucharest Early Intervention ProjectCharles A Nelson
Harvard Medical School and Children s Hospital, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Science 318:1937-40. 2007..These results point to the negative sequelae of early institutionalization, suggest a possible sensitive period in cognitive development, and underscore the advantages of family placements for young abandoned children...
- Homeless street children in Nepal: use of allostatic load to assess the burden of childhood adversityCarol M Worthman
Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Dev Psychopathol 20:233-55. 2008....
- How early experience matters in intellectual development in the case of povertyGilbert Gottlieb
Center for Developmental Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 8115, USA
Prev Sci 5:245-52. 2004..The results of that program reflect what one would expect from the rodent studies mentioned above...
- Socioeconomic status and health: youth development and neomaterialist and psychosocial mechanismsCandyce Kroenke
University of California, San Francisco and Berkeley, CA, USA
Soc Sci Med 66:31-42. 2008..This perspective may be particularly relevant to appropriately evaluating the impact of selection and causation in research on SES and disease and will also hopefully provide clarity to this ongoing theoretical debate...
- Individual differences in salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase in mothers and their infants: relation to tobacco smoke exposureDouglas A Granger
Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Dev Psychobiol 49:692-701. 2007..The findings are discussed in relation to the influence of smoking tobacco on the validity of salivary biomarkers of stress...
- Prophecies of childhood: how children's social environments and biological propensities affect the health of populationsAmy M Bauer
Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
Int J Behav Med 11:164-75. 2004..Acknowledging the long-lasting sequelae of childhood adversity has important implications for public health and society...
- [Socially underprivileged children--a challenge for communal health care]H G Schlack
Rheinisches Kinderneurologisches Zentrum Bonn
Gesundheitswesen 65:671-5. 2003
- [Causes of socioeconomic group-related mortality in the Federal Republic of Germany--tobacco consumption is the predominant risk factor]Sven Schneider
Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Stabsstelle Krebsprävention sowie WHO Kollaborationszentrum für Tabakkontrolle, Heidelberg
Int J Public Health 52:39-53. 2007..To establish whether socioeconomic differences in mortality exist in the Federal Republic of Germany and whether any such differences are attributable to material, structural, and lifestyle factors...
- Longitudinal association between infant disorganized attachment and childhood posttraumatic stress symptomsHelen Z MacDonald
Behavioral Sciences Division, National corrected Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 South Huntington Avenue, 116B 4, Boston, MA 02130, USA
Dev Psychopathol 20:493-508. 2008..These findings suggest that the quality of early dyadic relationships may be linked to differences in children's later development of posttraumatic stress symptoms following a traumatic event...
- Deliberate self-harm in children and adolescents: association with social deprivationAgnes Ayton
West End Child and Family Service, 2062 68 Hessle Road, Hessle HU13 9NW, North Humberside, UK
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 12:303-7. 2003..It has been demonstrated that adult suicidal behaviour is associated with unemployment and social deprivation. The association between self-harm and social deprivation in young people is less clear...
- Brief Report: exploratory analysis of the ADOS revised algorithm: specificity and predictive value with Hispanic children referred for autism spectrum disordersTerry Overton
Department of School Specialties, University of Texas Brownsville, 80 Fort Brown, Brownsville, TX 78520, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 38:1166-9. 2008..Results of Mann-Whitney U analyses were inconsistent and demonstrated less specificity for children with milder levels of social impairment. The revised algorithm demonstrated accuracy for the more severe autistic group...
- How should we measure social disadvantage in clinic settings?D M Foreman
Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service, Skimped Hill Health Centre, Market Square, Bracknell RG12 1LH, UK
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 12:308-12. 2003..Despite a large research literature supporting their validity, deprivation indices derived from census data have not been routinely applied to clinic populations...
- Early deprivation and home basal cortisol levels: a study of internationally adopted childrenDarlene A Kertes
Institute of Child Development, 51 East River Road, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Dev Psychopathol 20:473-91. 2008..A structural equation model revealed that preadoption Deprived Care predicted Growth Delay at adoption and Growth Delay predicted higher morning cortisol levels and a larger diurnal cortisol decrease...
- The relations between contextual risk, earned income, and the school adjustment of children from economically disadvantaged familiesBrian P Ackerman
Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
Dev Psychol 40:204-16. 2004..Little evidence was found for persistence effects. Theoretical implications concern conceptualizations of the diverse and dynamic nature of the family circumstances experienced by disadvantaged children...
- Specificity of putative psychosocial risk factors for psychiatric disorders in children and adolescentsLilly Shanahan
Developmental Epidemiology Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:34-42. 2008..This study tests the specificity of putative psychosocial risk factors while addressing these criticisms...
- Neighborhood social characteristics and fall injuries in children. An area-based study in Stockholm CountyLucie Laflamme
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
Soz Praventivmed 51:355-62. 2006..To study the potential influence of the composition of the population in Stockholm County on the occurrence of paediatric fall injuries...
- Changing socioeconomic inequality in infant mortality in CumbriaT J B Dummer
School of Social Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
Arch Dis Child 90:157-62. 2005..To investigate infant deaths in Cumbria, 1950-93, in relation to individual and community level socioeconomic status...
- Social circumstances and education: life course origins of social inequalities in metabolic risk in a prospective national birth cohortClaudia Langenberg
International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, England, United Kingdom
Am J Public Health 96:2216-21. 2006..We investigated the relative importance of education and childhood and adult social class in the risk of metabolic syndrome...
- [Influence of social factors on the health of children and adolescents]Johannes Siegrist
Institut für Medizinische Soziologie, Heinrich Heine Universitat Dusseldorf
Kinderkrankenschwester 25:94-7. 2006
- [A glance to health and life contexts: the indexes of social disadvantage]Marta Valerio
Laboratorio di Farmacoepidemiologia, Consorzio Mario Negri Sud, Santa Maria Imbaro, Chieti
Assist Inferm Ric 24:174-8. 2005
- Association between childhood fatal injuries and socioeconomic position at individual and area levels: a multilevel studyMyoung Hee Kim
Department of Preventive Medicine, Eulji University School of Medicine, South Korea
J Epidemiol Community Health 61:135-40. 2007..To simultaneously examine the effects of area-level and individual-level socioeconomic position on fatal injuries in children <5 years of age...
- Effects of multiple context and cumulative stress on urban children's adjustment in elementary schoolJulie R Morales
University of California at Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
Child Dev 77:907-23. 2006..The important influence of life events stress on children's adjustment in disadvantaged communities is discussed...
- An interactionist perspective on the socioeconomic context of human developmentRand D Conger
1The Family Research Group, Department of Human and Community Development, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 58:175-99. 2007..Drawing on the combined set of research findings, the article concludes with the description of an interactionist model that serves as a heuristic for future studies of the links among SES, parenting behaviors, and child development...
- Neuropsychological functioning in preschool-age children with sickle cell disease: the role of illness-related and psychosocial factorsReem A Tarazi
Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Child Neuropsychol 13:155-72. 2007..Further investigations should include comparison to a matched control group...
- The origins of hopelessness among inner-city African-American adolescentsJohn M Bolland
University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama, USA
Am J Community Psychol 36:293-305. 2005....
- Is the association between low job control and coronary heart disease confounded by risk factors measured in childhood and adolescence among Swedish males 40-53 years of age?Tomas Hemmingsson
Division of Occupational Health, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Int J Epidemiol 35:616-22. 2006....
- Processes of cumulative adversity: childhood disadvantage and increased risk of heart attack across the life courseAngela M O'Rand
Department of Sociology, Box 90088, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0088, USA
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 60:117-24. 2005..This article examines how processes of cumulative adversity shape heart attack risk trajectories across the life course...
- The role of mediating factors in the association between social deprivation and low birth weight in GermanyBirgit Reime
University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC, Canada
Soc Sci Med 62:1731-44. 2006..Public health policies in Germany should target social inequalities contributing to the aetiology of LBW and to the factors that result in increased LBW rates...
- Social deprivation and childhood injuries in North and West BelfastJ A Silversides
Royal Belfast Hospital for Sick Children, Northern Ireland
Ulster Med J 74:22-8. 2005..Specific causes of injury, for example burns and scalds, high falls, and motor vehicle accidents are particularly associated with deprivation. Targeting should be taken into account when injury prevention strategies are being developed...
- [Children's and adolescents' experiences of violence based on subjective self-reporting. First results of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS)]R Schlack
Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, BRD
Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 50:819-26. 2007..As no distinction can be made between familial violence and other forms of violence using the KiGGS data, care should be taken in interpreting it. Its significance lies in identifying risk groups...
- Clinical and sociodemographic variables associated with the onset of posttraumatic stress disorder in road traffic accidentsRamón Coronas
Corporació Hospitalària Parc Taulí, Sabadell 08205, Barcelona, Spain
Depress Anxiety 25:E16-23. 2008..Female sex, severe physical injury, perceived social deprivation, and sick leave were related to the diagnosis of PTSD 2 months after the accident...
- Regular use of alcohol and tobacco in India and its association with age, gender, and povertyK J Neufeld
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 77:283-91. 2005..Comparisons are made between these results and those found in the United States and elsewhere, highlighting the need to address control of these substances on the public health agenda...
- [Life situation and health status of children and adolescents]Claus Barkmann
Klinik und Poliklinik für Kinder und Jugendpsychodomatik, Universitatsklinikum Hamburg Eppendorf
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr 55:444-58. 2006..Especially the frequency of problems in kindergarten and school as well as stressful life events indicate that preventive interventions are necessary...
- [Mental retardation and environment: contribution of growth curves to etiological diagnosis]A Roubergue
Service de Pediatrie, neurologie et pathologie du développement, Hopital Armand Trousseau, 26, avenue du Docteur A Netter, 75012 Paris, France
Arch Pediatr 9:79-87. 2002..All 5 children had non-organic failure to thrive which was displayed only on the retrospective study of their records. Four recovered from their developmental retardation...
- Spatial but not verbal cognitive deficits at age 3 years in persistently antisocial individualsAdrian Raine
Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, 90089 1061, USA
Dev Psychopathol 14:25-44. 2002....
- A longitudinal community study: do psychosocial risk factors and child behavior checklist scores at 5 years of age predict psychiatric diagnoses at a later age?Marielle Kroes
University Hospital of Maastricht, Department of Neurology, The Netherlands
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 41:955-63. 2002..To examine the extent to which certain risk factors in 5- to 6-year-old children predict later psychopathology in a population-based sample of children from the province of Limburg in the south of the Netherlands...
- The environment of poverty: multiple stressor exposure, psychophysiological stress, and socioemotional adjustmentGary W Evans
Department of Design, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
Child Dev 73:1238-48. 2002..Preliminary mediational analyses with cross-sectional data suggest that cumulative stressor exposure may partially account for the well-documented, elevated risk of socioemotional difficulties accompanying poverty...
- Do places matter? Socioeconomic disadvantage and behavioral problems of children in CanadaMichael H Boyle
Canadian Centre for Studies for Children at Risk, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, McMaster University Faculty of Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario
J Consult Clin Psychol 70:378-89. 2002....
- The influence of income on health: views of an epidemiologistMichael Marmot
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health and International Centre for Health and Society, University College London
Health Aff (Millwood) 21:31-46. 2002..Under present U.S. circumstances, a policy of counteracting growing income inequalities through the tax and benefit system and of public provision appears justified...
- [Precursors of hyperactive disorders: potential early diagnosis in infants?]Günter Esser
Institut fur Psychologie, Universitat Potsdam
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother 35:179-88. 2007..development) between infants who later on at the age of 8 years suffer from a hyperactive disorder and those who later on at the same age are undisturbed? Are there specific harbingers for hyperactive disorders in the group concerned?..
- Developmental outcome of school-age children born to mothers with heroin dependency: importance of environmental factorsA Ornoy
Laboratory of Teratology, The Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School Jerusalem, Israel
Dev Med Child Neurol 43:668-75. 2001..The highest rate of ADHD was in children born to mothers with heroin dependency raised at home, being twice that observed in the other groups. Mothers of these groups of children also had a high rate of ADHD...
- Predicting early grade retention: a longitudinal investigation of primary school progress in a sample of rural South African childrenC Liddell
Department of Psychology, University of Ulster, Cromore Road, Coleraine, Northern Ireland, BT52 1SA
Br J Educ Psychol 71:413-28. 2001..In addition, they highlight the importance of early curriculum mastery--rather than broader cognitive skills--for smooth progression through school...
- [Children's well-being under adversive situations in life: new results of studies on resiliency]G Opp
Martin Luther Universitat Halle Wittenberg, Fachbereich Erziehungswissenschaften, Institut für Rehabilitationspädagogik, Halle
Gesundheitswesen 63:S106-14. 2001....
- The influence of the economic and social environment on deliberate self-harm and suicide: an ecological and person-based studyK Hawton
Centre for Suicide Research, University of Oxford Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital
Psychol Med 31:827-36. 2001..CONCLUSIONS: Reducing socio-economic deprivation and its associated problems may be an important strategy in the prevention of suicidal behaviour, especially in young men...
- The early education of socioeconomically disadvantaged childrenDavid H Arnold
Psychology Department, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 54:517-45. 2003..Gender is discussed because low-SES boys have poorer general achievement than girls, while very few low-SES girls pursue careers in math- and science-related fields...
- Child maltreatment in the "Children of the Nineties:" deprivation, class, and social networks in a UK samplePeter Sidebotham
Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Institute of Child Health, University of Bristol, St Michael s Hill, BS2 8BJ, Bristol, UK
Child Abuse Negl 26:1243-59. 2002..To determine risk factors for child maltreatment within the socio-economic environment of a contemporary UK child population...
- Academic growth curve trajectories from 1st grade to 12th grade: effects of multiple social risk factors and preschool child factorsLeslie Morrison Gutman
Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 0406, USA
Dev Psychol 39:777-90. 2003..Higher IQ and better mental health improved the GPA trajectories of low-risk children but did not influence the GPA trajectories of high-risk children...
- [The long-term influence of socio-economic disadvantage on the psychosocial adjustment of women]Ingrid Schoon
School of Social Sciences, Dep of Psychology, City University, Northampton Square, GB London EC1V OHB, Great Britain
Z Psychosom Med Psychother 48:381-95. 2002..It is concluded that for a better understanding of psychosocial adjustment across the lifespan we have to consider the interactions of a changing individual in a changing context...
- Predictive validity and early predictors of peer-victimization trajectories in preschoolEdward D Barker
Department of Psychology, Center for the Prevention of Youth Behavior Problems, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:1185-92. 2008..However, developmental trajectories of peer victimization, from the time children first begin to socially interact, are not currently known nor are early familial or child predictors...
- [Conceptualization and operationalization of social inequality in The Child and Adolescent Health Survey]T Lampert
Robert Koch Institut, Seestrasse 10, 13353 Berlin
Gesundheitswesen 64:S48-52. 2002....
- Neighbourhood deprivation and health: does it affect us all equally?Mai Stafford
International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London Medical School, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Int J Epidemiol 32:357-66. 2003..Model 2: being poor (rich) relative to the neighbourhood average is associated with worse (better) health because of the discrepancy between an individual's situation and those around them...
- Social inequality and discontinuation of orthodontic treatment: is there a link?Elizabeth A Turbill
Orthodontic Unit, University Dental Hospital of Manchester, UK
Eur J Orthod 25:175-83. 2003..Occupation-based social classifications and the Carstairs Index may be a little more sensitive to orthodontic applications than other indicators of social inequality...
- Effects of early psychosocial deprivation on the development of memory and executive functionKaren J Bos
Harvard Medical School and Harvard School of Public Health Boston, MA, USA
Front Behav Neurosci 3:16. 2009..This study has implications for the millions of children who continue to experience the psychosocial deprivation associated with early institutional care.
- [Psychosocial deprivation as a cause of growth retardation in children.]M Trip Hoving
Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Nijmegen
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 153:A455. 2009..Further evaluation, however, showed that there was evidence of psychosocial deprivation as a result of an unstable family situation...
- Behavior problems in children adopted from psychosocially depriving institutionsEmily C Merz
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
J Abnorm Child Psychol 38:459-70. 2010..The implications of these results are that early psychosocial deprivation is associated with behavior problems, children exposed to prolonged early deprivation may be especially ..
- Area-based socioeconomic environment, obesity risk behaviours, area facilities and childhood overweight and obesity: socioeconomic environment and childhood overweightLourdes Navalpotro
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
Prev Med 55:102-7. 2012..The objective of this study is to evaluate whether the relation between area-based socioeconomic environment and childhood obesity can be explained by household socioeconomic position, obesity-related risk behaviours and area facilities...
- Social and mental health profiles of young male offenders in detention in GreeceKaterina Maniadaki
Department of Social Work, Technological Educational Institution of Athens, Greece
Crim Behav Ment Health 18:207-15. 2008..Among young offenders, mental health problems have been linked both to more serious delinquent acts and to high recidivism rates, but there has been little study of this in Greece...
- The system-stabilizing role of identity management strategies: social creativity can undermine collective action for social changeJulia C Becker
Department of Psychology, Social Psychology, Philipps University Marburg, Gutenbergstrasse 18, Marburg 35032, Germany
J Pers Soc Psychol 103:647-62. 2012..Implications for social change are discussed...
- Mental health and childhood adversities: a longitudinal study in Kabul, AfghanistanCatherine Panter-Brick
The Jackson Institute and Department of Anthropology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 50:349-63. 2011..To identify prospective predictors of mental health in Kabul, Afghanistan...
- Links between ethnic identification, cannabis use and dependence, and life outcomes in a New Zealand birth cohortDannette Marie
University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 42:780-8. 2008..To examine the role of ethnic identity in cannabis use, and links between ethnic identity, cannabis use and life outcomes, in a birth cohort of >1000 young people studied to age 25...
- Dietary assessment of a population of pregnant women in Sheffield, UKTheodora Mouratidou
Academic Unit of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, University of Sheffield, Level 4, The Jessop Wing, Tree Root Walk, Sheffield S10 2SF, UK
Br J Nutr 96:929-35. 2006..The study findings suggest that the diet of pregnant women in Sheffield is characterised by low intakes of important nutrients for pregnancy such as folate and nutrient variations by electoral wards...
- The effect of post-natal mental distress amongst Indian and Pakistani mothers living in England on children's behavioural outcomesS L Prady
Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK
Child Care Health Dev 39:710-21. 2013..There are unexplained differences in child mental health between South Asian ethnic minority groups living in the UK that may be due to variation in, and differential mediation of, these factors...
- Lifelong socioeconomic trajectory and premature mortality (35-65 years) in France: findings from the GAZEL Cohort StudyM Melchior
INSERM U687 IFR69, St Maurice, France
J Epidemiol Community Health 60:937-44. 2006..However, there are virtually no data from other countries and few investigations have examined non-cardiovascular mortality in men and women...
- [Early childhood prevention: implications for applied research and quality management]Jeanette Roos
Pädagogische Hochschule Heidelberg, Fakultät I, Institut fur Psychologie, Keplerstr 87, Heidelberg
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr 61:738-49. 2012..Criteria for success must include life quality or academic success (school achievement). The stability of the family must also be assessed both before and after the intervention...
- Women's coping experiences in the spectrum of domestic violence abuseLisa Ann Haeseler
Community Outreach Consultant, Leadership Headquarters, Angola, New York 14226, USA
J Evid Based Soc Work 10:33-43. 2013..Study results corroborate with research and demonstrate that women's coping, both in and out of the abusive relationship is unique and complex...
- Inhibitory control and working memory in post-institutionalized childrenEmily C Merz
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 210 S Bouquet Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
J Abnorm Child Psychol 41:879-90. 2013..were less severely depriving than those represented in previous studies and approximated the level of psychosocial deprivation, which is characterized by adequate physical resources but a lack of consistent and responsive caregiving...
- Black youth suicide: literature review with a focus on preventionF M Baker
Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio
J Natl Med Assoc 82:495-507. 1990..Proposed theories of black suicide are reviewed. Based on a summary of the characteristics of black suicide attempters reported by the literature, preventive strategies--primary, secondary, and tertiary--are presented...
- Accurate measurement of body weight and food intake in environmentally enriched male Wistar ratsKylie E L Beale
Section of Investigative Medicine, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Imperial College London, London, UK
Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:1715-21. 2011....
- Family developmental risk factors among adolescents with disabilities and children of parents with disabilitiesDennis P Hogan
Population Studies and Training Center, Brown University, 68 Waterman Street, Providence RI 02912, USA
J Adolesc 30:1001-19. 2007..Future research on adolescent development should consider the disability status of children and parents, with particular attention to patterns of gendered care-giving in American families...
- Cases that have taught me a lotJuan Luis Linares
Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain
Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 12:349-60. 2007....
- Does fibrinogen add to prediction of cardiovascular disease? Results from the Scottish Heart Health Extended Cohort StudyMark Woodward
Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai Medical School, New York, NY, USA
Br J Haematol 146:442-6. 2009..We conclude that the added value of fibrinogen to two currently used risk scores is low; hence population screening with fibrinogen for this purpose is unlikely to be clinically useful or cost-effective...
- Social inequality and racial discrimination: risk factors for health disparities in children of colorKathy Sanders-Phillips
Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Howard University College of Medicine, 1840 7th St NW, Washington, DC 20001, USA
Pediatrics 124:S176-86. 2009..On the basis of this literature, a conceptual model of exposure to racial discrimination as a chronic stressor and a risk factor for poor health outcomes and child health disparities is presented...
- Ethnicity, social disadvantage and psychotic-like experiences in a healthy population based sampleC Morgan
NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Health Service, England, UK
Acta Psychiatr Scand 119:226-35. 2009..We sought to investigate the prevalence and social correlates of psychotic-like experiences in a general population sample of Black and White British subjects...
- Suicide and severe mental illnesses. Cohort study within the UK general practice research databaseDavid Osborn
Department of Mental Health Sciences, Hampstead Campus, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Rowland Hill Street, London, NW3 2PF, UK
Schizophr Res 99:134-8. 2008..33-7.94). In schizophrenia, risk was significantly higher when young but marked risk persisted until age 70. Greatest risk was associated with: increased consultation rates; antidepressant prescriptions and living in less deprived areas...
- Effect of the introduction of 'Healthy Start' on dietary behaviour during and after pregnancy: early results from the 'before and after' Sheffield studyFiona A Ford
Academic Unit of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, University of Sheffield, The Jessop Wing, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Tree Root Walk, Sheffield S10 2SF, UK
Br J Nutr 101:1828-36. 2009..The present study showed that pregnant and postpartum HS women increased their food consumption, and a higher proportion of them than the earlier WFS scheme met the recommended intakes for Ca, folate, Fe and vitamin C...
- Defining a minimum income for healthy living (MIHL): older age, EnglandJ N Morris
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
Int J Epidemiol 36:1300-7. 2007..Barriers to health must arise if income is below this level. We demonstrate the principle of such assessment for people aged 65 years plus without significant disability living independently in England...
- Relative deprivation: a theoretical and meta-analytic reviewHeather J Smith
Sonoma State University of California, Rohnert Park, CA 94928, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Rev 16:203-32. 2012..Such methodological improvements would revitalize RD as a useful social psychological predictor of a wide range of important individual and social processes...
- Predicting life satisfaction after spinal cord injury in a Canadian sampleM Tonack
Lyndhurst Centre, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Spinal Cord 46:380-5. 2008..Cross-sectional, survey...
- The health status of children without resident permit consulting the Children's Hospital of LausanneSarah Depallens Depallens
Department of Paediatrics, Children s Hospital, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland
Swiss Med Wkly 140:w13048. 2010..To assess social, economic and medical data concerning children without a resident permit taken into care by the Children's Hospital of Lausanne (HEL) in order to evaluate their specific needs...
- [The German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS): risks and resources for the mental development of children and adolescents]M Erhart
Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, BRD
Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 50:800-9. 2007..Especially in children and adolescents with weak protective factors, an increased risk of mental health problems can be expected in the presence of stressful events...
- Long-term consequences of child abuse and neglect on adult economic well-beingJanet Currie
Department of Economics, Columbia University, John Jay College, City University of New York, NY 10027, USA
Child Maltreat 15:111-20. 2010..Maltreatment appears to affect men and women differently, with larger effects for women than men. These new findings demonstrate that abused and neglected children experience large and enduring economic consequences...
- Early adolescent outcomes of institutionally-deprived and non-deprived adoptees. II: language as a protective factor and a vulnerable outcomeCarla Croft
MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:31-44. 2007..There is uncertainty about the extent to which language skills are part of general intelligence and even more uncertainty on whether deprivation has differential effects on language and non-language skills...
- Characteristics and HIV risk behaviors of homeless, substance-using men who have sex with menCathy J Reback
Van Ness Recovery House Prevention Division, 1419 N La Brea Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90028, USA
Addict Behav 32:647-54. 2007..While the small convenience sample limits generalizability of the findings, these data provide an opportunity to gain insight into this at-risk population and, thereby, assess appropriate intervention strategies...
- Children's health-related quality of life, neighbourhood socio-economic deprivation and social capital. A contextual analysisMarjan Drukker
Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, EURON, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Soc Sci Med 57:825-41. 2003..However, children's mental health and behaviour were specifically associated with one aspect of social capital, the degree of informal social control in the neighbourhood...
- On the importance of internalized consumption norms for ill healthMonica Aberg Yngwe
Centre for Health Equity Studies CHESS, Stockholm University Karolinska Institutet, Sweden
Scand J Public Health 34:76-82. 2006..The authors suggest that using the individual's own preferences, arguing these to be preferences of both society and reference groups internalized by the individual, may partly bridge this problem...
- Psychological processes and "the staircase to terrorism"Fathali M Moghaddam
Georgetown University, Washington, DC, US
Am Psychol 60:1039-41. 2005
- The Relation Between Early Psychosocial Deprivation and Mental Health at 12 YearsCHARLES ALEXANDER NELSON; Fiscal Year: 2013..infants abandoned since birth into institutions provides an opportunity to examine the effects of severe psychosocial deprivation and sensitive periods in typical neural, social-emotional and cognitive development, as well as in ..
- Early psychosocial deprivation and risk taking among adolescents in RomaniaCATALINA KOPETZ; Fiscal Year: 2013..innovative assessment approach, the current study represents a unique opportunity to understand how early psychosocial deprivation may impact disinhibitory processes as risk taking vulnerability which may in turn heighten the likelihood ..
- NEURAL MECHANISMS OF EARLY MEMORY DEVELOPMENTCharles Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2004..The overall premise upon which this proposal is based is that experience with faces recruits regions within the inferior temporal cortex, leading to cortical specialization. ..
- Neurocognitive Outcome of Infants of Diabetic MothersCharles Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2009..Given that approximately 10% of all pregnancies are complicated by maternal diabetes, the current project has important implications for public health. ..
- Early temperament and social behavior in adolescenceNATHAN FOX; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Effects of Early ExperienceCarol Carter; Fiscal Year: 2009..Intergenerational effects of these experiences will be examined as well. ..
- Mothers, Places, and Preterm BirthJAN O SUNDQUIST; Fiscal Year: 2010..Findings will be integrated with previous knowledge and results will be disseminated via scientific publications, student learning laboratories, and long-term partnerships with public health practitioners and the lay community. ..
- SOCIAL AND PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENTS AND HEALTH DISPARITIESAmy Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- HIV Risk Behavior in Out-of-school Rural African American Young AdultsSTEVEN KOGAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Psychobiological studies of stress in young childrenMegan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2005..We argue that normative developmental research complements and provides basic data necessary for research and theory on developmental psychopathology. ..
- Early Experience, Stress Neurobiology & Prevention SciMegan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Behavioral factors in the surgical treatment of obesityThomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2009..The study, by examining ghrelin and other appetite-related hormones, also will enhance knowledge of the regulation of body weight following GBP. ..
- Maternal overnutrition and offspring fat mass, metabolic and vascular function.Debbie Lawlor; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Drug Involvement in Context: Quantitative PerspectivesBeth Reboussin; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- NEBULIZER INTERVENTION IN MINORITY CHILDREN WITH ASTHMAArlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2004..Study findings will improve clinical care to this vulnerable population of children and will be if significant use to health care providers, researchers, insurers and policy makers. ..
- AIDS Caregiving Stress Among Midlife and Older WomenRichard Wight; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- VIOLENCE--INTEGRATING SOCIAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORSAdrian Raine; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- HOME NURSE INTERVENTION FOR IUDE INFANTS--3 YR FOLLOW UPArlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2002..Data will be of significant use to researchers, health care providers, insurers and policy makers. ..
- NEUROGENETICS, SEROTONIN, AND HUMAN AGGRESSIONSTEPHEN MANUCK; Fiscal Year: 2003..This application is the resubmission of a prior proposal of the same title. ..
- FOLLOW-UP OF FAMILIES IN EARLY PREVENTIVE INTERVENTIONDavid Olds; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION AND PHARMACOTHERAPY FOR OBESITYThomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2002..If confirmed, the above findings will have important implications for treating obesity in primary care. ..
- Clustering of underage alcohol use in communities and its contextual influencesBeth Reboussin; Fiscal Year: 2009..This information will have importance by disclosing what contextual factors should be targeted in future community-wide prevention and intervention efforts. ..
- Healthy Environments Partnership: Lean & Green in MotownAmy Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Improving Asthma Communication in Minority FamiliesArlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- NeuroBehavioral Correlates of Early DeprivationMegan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- HBCU RESEARCH SCIENTIST AWARDKathy Sanders Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2007..The Principal Investigator of this project is the Interim Dean of the School of Education. ..
- Hostility, Depression, Social Environment, and CHD RiskJohn Barefoot; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Individual. Parnet, and School-Level Protective Factors in Early AdolescenceALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Adapting CHAMP+ for South Africa: Supporting HIV-Infected Youth and FamiliesClaude Mellins; Fiscal Year: 2008..The findings can be used to inform larger-scale effectiveness studies in similar settings. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Developmental Psychobiology of Stress in ChildrenMegan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- LIFESTYLE ACTIVITY FOR WEIGHT MANAGEMENTThomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2003..The predicted superiority of lifestyle activity is based on extensive pilot data and, if confirmed, should significantly improve the management of obesity and its associated health complications. ..
- LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF NEIGHBORHOOD PREDICTORS OF CVDJan Sundquist; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Pediatric Palliative Care National SymposiumAlan Fleischman; Fiscal Year: 2003..This will include regional training programs, faculty development, technical assistance to hospitals and pediatric departments, and encouragement or research. ..
- A+ Asthma Rural PartnershipArlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2004..The findings of this study will be important to clinicians, researchers, and health policy makers. ..
- Strengthening social capital to reduce youth violenceTrudy Harpham; Fiscal Year: 2003..The project enables cross-fertilization of research on youth violence between US, European and institutions in the South, which has been limited to date. ..
- Reducing Obesity & Diabetes in High Risk YouthROBIN G WHITTEMORE; Fiscal Year: 2010..In minority communities, the rates are as high as nearly 30%. Approaches that are appealing to youth and that can be cost-effectively delivered are necessary to reduce this epidemic. ..
- Risk and Resilience in Youth with HIV+ MothersClaude Mellins; Fiscal Year: 2003..At the end of Phase 2, we aim to have a feasible, culturally sensitive, effective prevention intervention that can be tested in a larger clinical trial with early adolescents affected by maternal HIV disease. ..
- Identifying Essential Skills for Violence PreventionALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2003..Completion of this work will set the stage for subsequent large-scale evaluation studies. ..
- Clinical Implications of Depression-Based StigmaMartha Miranda; Fiscal Year: 2005..Within each of the aims, we will explore the extent to which the findings vary by ethnicity. ..
- CHILD DISABILITY AND THE FAMILYDennis Hogan; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- ADJUSTMENT OF INTERNATIONALLY ADOPTED CHILDRENMegan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2002..This work will add significantly to our understanding of the health and behavioral sequelae of early adversity and th potential impact of early adversity on stress-sensitive limbic-hypothalamic processes. ..
- Neurobiology of Social SupportCAROL SUE CARTER; Fiscal Year: 2010..In addition, these studies may help us understand neuroendocrine mechanisms underlying child neglect or abuse and why these may differ in males and females. ..
- Efficacy of Early Stage Alzheimer's Support GroupsRebecca G Logsdon; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Persisting Effects of Prenatal Anxiety on Child OutcomesTHOMAS G O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Economic Stress & Child Development Across 3 GenerationsTricia K Neppl; Fiscal Year: 2010..s. ..
- CRITICAL TRANSITIONS IN RURAL FAMILIES AT RISKRand Conger; Fiscal Year: 2009..This information can be used to development more effective preventive interventions designed to reduce lifelong psychiatric problems. ..
- Preventing Type 2 Diabetes in At-Risk YouthMargaret Grey; Fiscal Year: 2006..It is expected that this important and timely study will provide valuable information to help youth manage obesity, and potentially prevent T2DM and its long-term physical and psychosocial complications. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Trial of psychosocial training for pediatric generalistsLawrence Wissow; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION IN DISADVANTAGED GYNECOLOGY PATIMartha Miranda; Fiscal Year: 2001..Finally. they will examine the cost-effectiveness of the two treatments, with outcomes including both depressive symptomalogy and functional status. ..
- A Developmental Multi-Informant Measurement Model of TemperamentKirby Deater Deckard; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- IMPROVING MENTAL HEALTH CARE BY PEDIATRIC GENERALISTSLawrence Wissow; Fiscal Year: 2004..The second will explore how concepts of therapeutic alliance, which have been shown to predict treatment outcome in specialized mental health services, can be applied to mental health care provided by generalists. ..
- D-Cycloserine Augmentation of Therapy for Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive DisorderEric Storch; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such agents may have utility in improving outcome, reducing premature therapy termination, and targeting patients who have been treatment refractory. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Community-Based Correlates of Adolescent Substance UseKathy Sanders Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Prevention of Depression in Latino ParentsEsteban Cardemil; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY OF ADAPTATION--CHILDREN IN HEAD STARTClancy Blair; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- ATTENDED CITY SCHOOLYARDS TO INCREASE PHYSICAL ACTIVITYThomas Farley; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Young Adult Literacy Problems: Prevalence and TreatmentFrank Wood; Fiscal Year: 2006..It is expected that the different types of instruction will be differentially effective for persons with different skill profiles of strength and weakness. ..
- Language/theory/food conception and eating behaviorJULIE LUMENG; Fiscal Year: 2006..Results of the proposed experiments will lead to the development of an intervention program to alter children's food preferences and eating behavior that will be tested in subsequent studies. ..
- CHILDHOOD PREDICTORS OF ALCHOLISM AND VIOLENCEAdrian Raine; Fiscal Year: 2002..Such research has in turn the potential to address some of the issues raised in recent RFAs on alcoholism pertaining to youth, violence, and minorities. ..
- AGE 6 TEST OF HOME VISITS BY NURSES VS PARAPROFESSIONALSDavid Olds; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- CHILDHOOD ORIGINS OF ADOLESCENT SEXUAL RISK TAKINGMarcela Raffaelli; Fiscal Year: 2002..This project will provide unique information about developmental antecedents of adolescent sexual risk-taking and permit identification of fruitful avenues for early intervention. ..