Summary: The absence of appropriate stimuli in the physical or social environment which are necessary for the emotional, social, and intellectual development of the individual.
Publications147 found, 100 shown here
- Disadvantaged but different: variation among deprived communities in relation to child and family well-beingJacqueline Barnes
Institute for the Study of Children, Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck, University of London, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:952-62. 2005..To evaluate the implementation, impact, and cost-effectiveness of SSLPs, or other area-based initiatives, it is important to consider ways in which they can be grouped meaningfully according to these patterns...
- [Psychosocial deprivation as a cause of growth retardation in children]Margreet Trip-Hoving
Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 153:A455. 2009..Further evaluation, however, showed that there was evidence of psychosocial deprivation as a result of an unstable family situation...
- Do the effects of early severe deprivation on cognition persist into early adolescence? Findings from the English and Romanian adoptees studyCelia Beckett
Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London
Child Dev 77:696-711. 2006..The findings draw attention to the psychological as well as physical risks of institutional deprivation...
- Abnormal brain connectivity in children after early severe socioemotional deprivation: a diffusion tensor imaging studyThomas J Eluvathingal
Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
Pediatrics 117:2093-100. 2006....
- Local brain functional activity following early deprivation: a study of postinstitutionalized Romanian orphansH T Chugani
Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit Medical Center, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
Neuroimage 14:1290-301. 2001..Dysfunction of these brain regions may result from the stress of early global deprivation and may be involved in the long-term cognitive and behavioral deficits displayed by some Romanian orphans...
- Cerebellar volume and cognitive functioning in children who experienced early deprivationPatrick M Bauer
University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
Biol Psychiatry 66:1100-6. 2009..Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the role of early environmental deprivation in the maturation of the cerebellum and aspects of cognitive development...
- A deprivation index for health and welfare planning in QuebecR Pampalon
Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Chemin Sainte Foy, Québec G1S 2L4
Chronic Dis Can 21:104-13. 2000..The value of the information provided by this index in planning health and social services is demonstrated...
- Socioeconomic factors, material inequalities, and perceived control in self-rated health: cross-sectional data from seven post-communist countriesM Bobak
International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
Soc Sci Med 51:1343-50. 2000..Perceived control appeared statistically to mediate some of the effects of material deprivation. The non-significant effects of both ecological measures of inequality were eliminated by controlling for individuals' characteristics...
- Factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorder and depression amongst internally displaced persons in northern UgandaBayard Roberts
Conflict and Health Programme, Health Policy Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
BMC Psychiatry 8:38. 2008..The purpose of the study was to measure rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression amongst these internally displaced persons (IDPs), and investigate associated demographic and trauma exposure risk factors...
- Cognitive recovery in socially deprived young children: the Bucharest Early Intervention ProjectCharles A Nelson
Harvard Medical School and Children s Hospital, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Science 318:1937-40. 2007..These results point to the negative sequelae of early institutionalization, suggest a possible sensitive period in cognitive development, and underscore the advantages of family placements for young abandoned children...
- Is the association between low job control and coronary heart disease confounded by risk factors measured in childhood and adolescence among Swedish males 40-53 years of age?Tomas Hemmingsson
Division of Occupational Health, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Int J Epidemiol 35:616-22. 2006....
- Processes of cumulative adversity: childhood disadvantage and increased risk of heart attack across the life courseAngela M O'Rand
Department of Sociology, Box 90088, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0088, USA
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 60:117-24. 2005..This article examines how processes of cumulative adversity shape heart attack risk trajectories across the life course...
- The role of mediating factors in the association between social deprivation and low birth weight in GermanyBirgit Reime
University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC, Canada
Soc Sci Med 62:1731-44. 2006..Public health policies in Germany should target social inequalities contributing to the aetiology of LBW and to the factors that result in increased LBW rates...
- Trauma and cumulative adversity in women of a disadvantaged social locationSheryl Pimlott Kubiak
School of Social Work, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
Am J Orthopsychiatry 75:451-65. 2005..This study supports cumulative adversity models and the importance of social location...
- Social deprivation and childhood injuries in North and West BelfastJ A Silversides
Royal Belfast Hospital for Sick Children, Northern Ireland
Ulster Med J 74:22-8. 2005..Specific causes of injury, for example burns and scalds, high falls, and motor vehicle accidents are particularly associated with deprivation. Targeting should be taken into account when injury prevention strategies are being developed...
- Homeless street children in Nepal: use of allostatic load to assess the burden of childhood adversityCarol M Worthman
Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Dev Psychopathol 20:233-55. 2008....
- Predictive validity and early predictors of peer-victimization trajectories in preschoolEdward D Barker
Department of Psychology, Center for the Prevention of Youth Behavior Problems, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:1185-92. 2008..However, developmental trajectories of peer victimization, from the time children first begin to socially interact, are not currently known nor are early familial or child predictors...
- Early deprivation and home basal cortisol levels: a study of internationally adopted childrenDarlene A Kertes
Institute of Child Development, 51 East River Road, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Dev Psychopathol 20:473-91. 2008..A structural equation model revealed that preadoption Deprived Care predicted Growth Delay at adoption and Growth Delay predicted higher morning cortisol levels and a larger diurnal cortisol decrease...
- How early experience matters in intellectual development in the case of povertyGilbert Gottlieb
Center for Developmental Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 8115, USA
Prev Sci 5:245-52. 2004..The results of that program reflect what one would expect from the rodent studies mentioned above...
- Longitudinal association between infant disorganized attachment and childhood posttraumatic stress symptomsHelen Z MacDonald
Behavioral Sciences Division, National corrected Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 South Huntington Avenue, 116B 4, Boston, MA 02130, USA
Dev Psychopathol 20:493-508. 2008..These findings suggest that the quality of early dyadic relationships may be linked to differences in children's later development of posttraumatic stress symptoms following a traumatic event...
- Prophecies of childhood: how children's social environments and biological propensities affect the health of populationsAmy M Bauer
Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
Int J Behav Med 11:164-75. 2004..Acknowledging the long-lasting sequelae of childhood adversity has important implications for public health and society...
- Links between ethnic identification, cannabis use and dependence, and life outcomes in a New Zealand birth cohortDannette Marie
University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 42:780-8. 2008..To examine the role of ethnic identity in cannabis use, and links between ethnic identity, cannabis use and life outcomes, in a birth cohort of >1000 young people studied to age 25...
- The origins of hopelessness among inner-city African-American adolescentsJohn M Bolland
University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama, USA
Am J Community Psychol 36:293-305. 2005....
- Specificity of putative psychosocial risk factors for psychiatric disorders in children and adolescentsLilly Shanahan
Developmental Epidemiology Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:34-42. 2008..This study tests the specificity of putative psychosocial risk factors while addressing these criticisms...
- [Children's and adolescents' experiences of violence based on subjective self-reporting. First results of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS)]R Schlack
Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, BRD
Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 50:819-26. 2007..As no distinction can be made between familial violence and other forms of violence using the KiGGS data, care should be taken in interpreting it. Its significance lies in identifying risk groups...
- Association between childhood fatal injuries and socioeconomic position at individual and area levels: a multilevel studyMyoung Hee Kim
Department of Preventive Medicine, Eulji University School of Medicine, South Korea
J Epidemiol Community Health 61:135-40. 2007..To simultaneously examine the effects of area-level and individual-level socioeconomic position on fatal injuries in children <5 years of age...
- Social circumstances and education: life course origins of social inequalities in metabolic risk in a prospective national birth cohortClaudia Langenberg
International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, England, United Kingdom
Am J Public Health 96:2216-21. 2006..We investigated the relative importance of education and childhood and adult social class in the risk of metabolic syndrome...
- Clinical and sociodemographic variables associated with the onset of posttraumatic stress disorder in road traffic accidentsRamón Coronas
Corporació Hospitalària Parc Taulí, Sabadell 08205, Barcelona, Spain
Depress Anxiety 25:E16-23. 2008..Female sex, severe physical injury, perceived social deprivation, and sick leave were related to the diagnosis of PTSD 2 months after the accident...
- [Life situation and health status of children and adolescents]Claus Barkmann
Klinik und Poliklinik für Kinder und Jugendpsychodomatik, Universitatsklinikum Hamburg Eppendorf
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr 55:444-58. 2006..Especially the frequency of problems in kindergarten and school as well as stressful life events indicate that preventive interventions are necessary...
- Neighborhood social characteristics and fall injuries in children. An area-based study in Stockholm CountyLucie Laflamme
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
Soz Praventivmed 51:355-62. 2006..To study the potential influence of the composition of the population in Stockholm County on the occurrence of paediatric fall injuries...
- [Precursors of hyperactive disorders: potential early diagnosis in infants?]Günter Esser
Institut fur Psychologie, Universitat Potsdam
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother 35:179-88. 2007..development) between infants who later on at the age of 8 years suffer from a hyperactive disorder and those who later on at the same age are undisturbed? Are there specific harbingers for hyperactive disorders in the group concerned?..
- Effects of multiple context and cumulative stress on urban children's adjustment in elementary schoolJulie R Morales
University of California at Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
Child Dev 77:907-23. 2006..The important influence of life events stress on children's adjustment in disadvantaged communities is discussed...
- An interactionist perspective on the socioeconomic context of human developmentRand D Conger
1The Family Research Group, Department of Human and Community Development, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 58:175-99. 2007..Drawing on the combined set of research findings, the article concludes with the description of an interactionist model that serves as a heuristic for future studies of the links among SES, parenting behaviors, and child development...
- Socioeconomic status and health: youth development and neomaterialist and psychosocial mechanismsCandyce Kroenke
University of California, San Francisco and Berkeley, CA, USA
Soc Sci Med 66:31-42. 2008..This perspective may be particularly relevant to appropriately evaluating the impact of selection and causation in research on SES and disease and will also hopefully provide clarity to this ongoing theoretical debate...
- Individual differences in salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase in mothers and their infants: relation to tobacco smoke exposureDouglas A Granger
Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Dev Psychobiol 49:692-701. 2007..The findings are discussed in relation to the influence of smoking tobacco on the validity of salivary biomarkers of stress...
- [Causes of socioeconomic group-related mortality in the Federal Republic of Germany--tobacco consumption is the predominant risk factor]Sven Schneider
Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Stabsstelle Krebsprävention sowie WHO Kollaborationszentrum für Tabakkontrolle, Heidelberg
Int J Public Health 52:39-53. 2007..To establish whether socioeconomic differences in mortality exist in the Federal Republic of Germany and whether any such differences are attributable to material, structural, and lifestyle factors...
- Brief Report: exploratory analysis of the ADOS revised algorithm: specificity and predictive value with Hispanic children referred for autism spectrum disordersTerry Overton
Department of School Specialties, University of Texas Brownsville, 80 Fort Brown, Brownsville, TX 78520, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 38:1166-9. 2008..Results of Mann-Whitney U analyses were inconsistent and demonstrated less specificity for children with milder levels of social impairment. The revised algorithm demonstrated accuracy for the more severe autistic group...
- Neuropsychological functioning in preschool-age children with sickle cell disease: the role of illness-related and psychosocial factorsReem A Tarazi
Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Child Neuropsychol 13:155-72. 2007..Further investigations should include comparison to a matched control group...
- [Influence of social factors on the health of children and adolescents]Johannes Siegrist
Kinderkrankenschwester 25:94-7. 2006
- [A glance to health and life contexts: the indexes of social disadvantage]Marta Valerio
Laboratorio di Farmacoepidemiologia, Consorzio Mario Negri Sud, Santa Maria Imbaro, Chieti
Assist Inferm Ric 24:174-8. 2005
- [The German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS): risks and resources for the mental development of children and adolescents]M Erhart
Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, BRD
Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 50:800-9. 2007..Especially in children and adolescents with weak protective factors, an increased risk of mental health problems can be expected in the presence of stressful events...
- The relations between contextual risk, earned income, and the school adjustment of children from economically disadvantaged familiesBrian P Ackerman
Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
Dev Psychol 40:204-16. 2004..Little evidence was found for persistence effects. Theoretical implications concern conceptualizations of the diverse and dynamic nature of the family circumstances experienced by disadvantaged children...
- [Conceptualization and operationalization of social inequality in The Child and Adolescent Health Survey]T Lampert
Robert Koch-Institut, Seestrasse 10, 13353 Berlin
Gesundheitswesen 64:S48-52. 2002....
- Social inequality and discontinuation of orthodontic treatment: is there a link?Elizabeth A Turbill
Orthodontic Unit, University Dental Hospital of Manchester, UK
Eur J Orthod 25:175-83. 2003..Occupation-based social classifications and the Carstairs Index may be a little more sensitive to orthodontic applications than other indicators of social inequality...
- Developmental outcome of school-age children born to mothers with heroin dependency: importance of environmental factorsA Ornoy
Laboratory of Teratology, The Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School Jerusalem, Israel
Dev Med Child Neurol 43:668-75. 2001..The highest rate of ADHD was in children born to mothers with heroin dependency raised at home, being twice that observed in the other groups. Mothers of these groups of children also had a high rate of ADHD...
- Child maltreatment in the "Children of the Nineties:" deprivation, class, and social networks in a UK samplePeter Sidebotham
Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Institute of Child Health, University of Bristol, St Michael's Hill, BS2 8BJ, Bristol, UK
Child Abuse Negl 26:1243-59. 2002..Interventions at both an individual and a community level are important to support families and reduce the risk of maltreatment...
- [The long-term influence of socio-economic disadvantage on the psychosocial adjustment of women]Ingrid Schoon
School of Social Sciences, Dep of Psychology, City University, Northampton Square, GB London EC1V OHB, Great Britain
Z Psychosom Med Psychother 48:381-95. 2002..It is concluded that for a better understanding of psychosocial adjustment across the lifespan we have to consider the interactions of a changing individual in a changing context...
- The early education of socioeconomically disadvantaged childrenDavid H Arnold
Psychology Department, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 54:517-45. 2003..Gender is discussed because low-SES boys have poorer general achievement than girls, while very few low-SES girls pursue careers in math- and science-related fields...
- A longitudinal community study: do psychosocial risk factors and child behavior checklist scores at 5 years of age predict psychiatric diagnoses at a later age?Marielle Kroes
University Hospital of Maastricht, Department of Neurology, The Netherlands
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 41:955-63. 2002..To examine the extent to which certain risk factors in 5- to 6-year-old children predict later psychopathology in a population-based sample of children from the province of Limburg in the south of the Netherlands...
- The environment of poverty: multiple stressor exposure, psychophysiological stress, and socioemotional adjustmentGary W Evans
Department of Design, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
Child Dev 73:1238-48. 2002..Preliminary mediational analyses with cross-sectional data suggest that cumulative stressor exposure may partially account for the well-documented, elevated risk of socioemotional difficulties accompanying poverty...
- Changing socioeconomic inequality in infant mortality in CumbriaT J B Dummer
School of Social Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
Arch Dis Child 90:157-62. 2005..The social, lifestyle, and environmental determinates of adverse health outcomes for children need to be fully understood, and interventions should be designed and targeted at the more socially deprived sectors of our community...
- [Children's well-being under adversive situations in life: new results of studies on resiliency]G Opp
Martin Luther Universitat Halle Wittenberg, Fachbereich Erziehungswissenschaften, Institut für Rehabilitationspädagogik, Halle
Gesundheitswesen 63:S106-14. 2001....
- The influence of income on health: views of an epidemiologistMichael Marmot
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health and International Centre for Health and Society, University College London
Health Aff (Millwood) 21:31-46. 2002..Under present U.S. circumstances, a policy of counteracting growing income inequalities through the tax and benefit system and of public provision appears justified...
- Spatial but not verbal cognitive deficits at age 3 years in persistently antisocial individualsAdrian Raine
Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, 90089 1061, USA
Dev Psychopathol 14:25-44. 2002....
- [Mental retardation and environment: contribution of growth curves to etiological diagnosis]A Roubergue
, , , 26, avenue du docteur A. Netter, 75012 Paris, France
Arch Pediatr 9:79-87. 2002..All 5 children had non-organic failure to thrive which was displayed only on the retrospective study of their records. Four recovered from their developmental retardation...
- Predicting early grade retention: a longitudinal investigation of primary school progress in a sample of rural South African childrenC Liddell
Department of Psychology, University of Ulster, Cromore Road, Coleraine, Northern Ireland, BT52 1SA
Br J Educ Psychol 71:413-28. 2001..In addition, they highlight the importance of early curriculum mastery--rather than broader cognitive skills--for smooth progression through school...
- Neighbourhood deprivation and health: does it affect us all equally?Mai Stafford
International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London Medical School, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Int J Epidemiol 32:357-66. 2003..Model 2: being poor (rich) relative to the neighbourhood average is associated with worse (better) health because of the discrepancy between an individual's situation and those around them...
- How should we measure social disadvantage in clinic settings?D M Foreman
Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service, Skimped Hill Health Centre, Market Square, Bracknell RG12 1LH, UK
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 12:308-12. 2003..Despite a large research literature supporting their validity, deprivation indices derived from census data have not been routinely applied to clinic populations...
- [Socially underprivileged children--a challenge for communal health care]H G Schlack
Rheinisches Kinderneurologisches Zentrum Bonn
Gesundheitswesen 65:671-5. 2003
- Academic growth curve trajectories from 1st grade to 12th grade: effects of multiple social risk factors and preschool child factorsLeslie Morrison Gutman
Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109-0406, USA
Dev Psychol 39:777-90. 2003..Higher IQ and better mental health improved the GPA trajectories of low-risk children but did not influence the GPA trajectories of high-risk children...
- The influence of the economic and social environment on deliberate self-harm and suicide: an ecological and person-based studyK Hawton
Centre for Suicide Research, University of Oxford Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital
Psychol Med 31:827-36. 2001..CONCLUSIONS: Reducing socio-economic deprivation and its associated problems may be an important strategy in the prevention of suicidal behaviour, especially in young men...
- Deliberate self-harm in children and adolescents: association with social deprivationAgnes Ayton
West End Child and Family Service, 2062 68 Hessle Road, Hessle HU13 9NW, North Humberside, UK
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 12:303-7. 2003..It has been demonstrated that adult suicidal behaviour is associated with unemployment and social deprivation. The association between self-harm and social deprivation in young people is less clear...
- Regular use of alcohol and tobacco in India and its association with age, gender, and povertyK J Neufeld
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 77:283-91. 2005..Comparisons are made between these results and those found in the United States and elsewhere, highlighting the need to address control of these substances on the public health agenda...
- Do places matter? Socioeconomic disadvantage and behavioral problems of children in CanadaMichael H Boyle
Canadian Centre for Studies for Children at Risk, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, McMaster University Faculty of Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario
J Consult Clin Psychol 70:378-89. 2002....
- Effects of early psychosocial deprivation on the development of memory and executive functionKaren J Bos
Harvard Medical School and Harvard School of Public Health Boston, MA, USA
Front Behav Neurosci 3:16. 2009..This study has implications for the millions of children who continue to experience the psychosocial deprivation associated with early institutional care.
- Transient reduction in the posterior pituitary bright signal preceding water intoxication in a malnourished childKristen A Neville
Department of Endocrinology, Sydney Children s Hospital, Randwick, Australia
J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 17:1245-9. 2004We describe a 4 year-old boy with hypothalamic dysfunction and weight loss, attributed to psychosocial deprivation. Reduced intensity of the posterior pituitary bright signal (PPBS) on MRI, associated with a normal urinary concentrating ..
- [Psychosocial deprivation as a cause of growth retardation in children.]M Trip Hoving
Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Nijmegen
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 153:A455. 2009..Further evaluation, however, showed that there was evidence of psychosocial deprivation as a result of an unstable family situation...
- Behavior problems in children adopted from psychosocially depriving institutionsEmily C Merz
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
J Abnorm Child Psychol 38:459-70. 2010..The implications of these results are that early psychosocial deprivation is associated with behavior problems, children exposed to prolonged early deprivation may be especially ..
- Modification of depression by COMT val158met polymorphism in children exposed to early severe psychosocial deprivationStacy S Drury
Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA
Child Abuse Negl 34:387-95. 2010..To examine the impact of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) val(158)met allele on depressive symptoms in young children exposed to early severe social deprivation as a result of being raised in institutions...
- Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis mortality and social deprivation: a spatial analysis in small areas of Madrid regionJ Segura del Pozo
Directorate General for Public Health, Madrid Regional Health Authority, Madrid, Spain
Nutr Hosp 25:597-605. 2010..To study census-tract distribution of chronic liver disease and cirrhosis mortality in the Madrid Region and its association with socio-economic deprivation...
- [Vulnerability to HIV among female injecting drug users]Valéria Nanci Silva
Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brasil
Rev Saude Publica 41:22-30. 2007..To assess some aspects of vulnerability to HIV infection in women users of injecting drugs...
- Kids and us--a project for lone parent familiesCatherine Mackereth
Newcastle New Deal for Communities, Newcastle upon Tyne
Community Pract 80:26-8. 2007..Clients, both adults and children, value the service highly. However, further funding is uncertain and the future of this successful project is in jeopardy...
- Neighbourhood ethnic diversity buffers school readiness impact in ESL childrenChassidy Puchala
Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK
Can J Public Health 101:S13-8. 2010....
- Variation in community intervention programmes and consequences for children and families: the example of Sure Start Local ProgrammesEdward Melhuish
Institute for the Study of Children Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck, University of London, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:543-51. 2007..A national evaluation examined the links between variation in programme implementation and effectiveness...
- Socio-economic and ethnic inequalities in diabetes retinal screeningM C Gulliford
Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, UK
Diabet Med 27:282-8. 2010..We aimed to quantify socio-economic and ethnic inequalities in diabetes retinal screening...
- State of the science on psychosocial interventions for ethnic minoritiesJeanne Miranda
Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
Annu Rev Clin Psychol 1:113-42. 2005
- Early life socioeconomic adversity is associated in adult life with chronic inflammation, carotid atherosclerosis, poorer lung function and decreased cognitive performance: a cross-sectional, population-based studyChris J Packard
Glasgow Clinical Research Facility, Tennent Building, 38 Church Street, Western Infirmary, Glasgow G116NT, UK
BMC Public Health 11:42. 2011..The Psychosocial and Biological Determinants of Ill-health (pSoBid) study was designed to uncover novel biomarkers of chronic disease that may help explain pathways between socioeconomic adversity and poorer physical and mental health...
- Shorter axial length and increased astigmatic refractive error are associated With socio-economic deprivation in an adult UK cohortSrini Goverdhan
Ophthalmology Department, Queen Alexandra Hospital, Portsmouth, UK
Ophthalmic Epidemiol 18:44-7. 2011..To evaluate whether socio-economic deprivation is associated with ocular axial length and refractive error in a British cohort...
- [Decline in homicide rates in São Paulo, Brasil: a descriptive analysis]Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres
Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasil
Rev Panam Salud Publica 29:17-26. 2011..To describe homicide mortality in the municipality of São Paulo according to type of weapon, sex, race or skin color, age, and areas of socioeconomic inequalities, between 1996 and 2008...
- Poverty, socio-economic position, social capital and the health of children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities in Britain: a replicationE Emerson
Institute for Health Research, Lancaster, UK
J Intellect Disabil Res 51:866-74. 2007..Conclusions A socially and statistically significant proportion of the increased risk of poorer health among children and adolescents with IDs may be attributed to their increased risk of socio-economic disadvantage...
- Posttraumatic stress disorder in the family and friends of patients who have suffered spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhageAdam J Noble
Department of Psychology, Durham University, Stockton on Tees, United Kingdom
J Neurosurg 109:1027-33. 2008..The cause of such symptoms has not been established. Authors of the present study analyzed whether posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) subsequent to a loved one's SAH is a plausible explanation for these symptoms...
- Estimating the prevalence of schizophrenia among New Zealand Maori: a capture-recapture approachTai R Kake
Department of Psychological Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Otago, Newton, Wellington, New Zealand
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 42:941-9. 2008..The aim of the present study was to estimate the 12 month prevalence of schizophrenia in the Maori population of New Zealand...
- Childhood living conditions, socioeconomic position in adulthood, and cognition in later life: exploring the associationsStefan Fors
Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 64:750-7. 2009..Two questions were addressed: Is there an association between childhood living conditions and late-life cognition, and if so, is the association modified or mediated by adult socioeconomic position?..
- Estimating the potential impact on dental caries in children of fluoridating a UK cityM C Downer
Oral Health Consultancy Services OHCOSS, Bristol, UK
Community Dent Health 28:34-9. 2011..To estimate the potential reduction in dental caries among 5-6-year-old children in a city in the South West of England after six years of water fluoridation...
- Orientation discrimination with macular changes associated with early AMDHarold E Bedell
College of Optometry, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204 2020, USA
Optom Vis Sci 86:485-91. 2009....
- Contextual social capital as a risk factor for poor self-rated health: a multilevel analysisKarin Engström
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden
Soc Sci Med 66:2268-80. 2008..The association with self-rated health is similar independent of the measure of CSC used. It is also similar in different socio-demographic groups...
- Why should I be left behind? Employees' perceived relative deprivation and participation in development activitiesDavid B Zoogah
Earl Graves School of Business, Morgan State University, 1700 East Cold Spring Lane, Baltimore, MD 21040, USA
J Appl Psychol 95:159-73. 2010..In a sample of 144 employees from 27 companies in Ghana, an emerging economy, moderated structural equation modeling results confirm some of the hypotheses. Implications for PDA research and human resource management are discussed...
- The experiences of young oral cancer patients in Scotland: symptom recognition and delays in seeking professional helpE Grant
Public Health Pharmacist, Pharmacy and Prescribing Support Unit, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde University of Bath
Br Dent J 208:465-71. 2010..To explore the early responses of young oral cancer patients in Scotland to the symptoms of their emerging condition, to understand the ways they seek help and to inquire into delay caused by not recognising symptoms associated with cancer...
- Incidence and case fatality for acute pancreatitis in England: geographical variation, social deprivation, alcohol consumption and aetiology--a record linkage studyS E Roberts
School of Medicine, Swansea University, Swansea, UK
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 28:931-41. 2008..Regional studies in the UK indicate that the incidence of acute pancreatitis increased from the 1940s to the 1990s, while case fatality fell until the 1970s but has levelled-off since...
- The effect of social disadvantage on motor development in young children: a comparative studyMartin McPhillips
School of Psychology, Queen s University, Belfast, N Ireland
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:1214-22. 2007..In addition, we explored a possible link between an early neuromotor indicator and attainments in language, and reading...
- Isolation rearing impairs wound healing and is associated with increased locomotion and decreased immediate early gene expression in the medial prefrontal cortex of juvenile ratsJ B Levine
Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Neuroscience 151:589-603. 2008In addition to its maladaptive effects on psychiatric function, psychosocial deprivation impairs recovery from physical illness...
- Perceptions of child sexual abuse-a qualitative interview study with representatives of the socio-legal system in urban TanzaniaFelix Kisanga
Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
J Child Sex Abus 19:290-309. 2010..Addressing the identified weaknesses may promote justice, while changes in attitudes and norms are needed for the prevention of sexual offenses to children...
- Fast food and deprivation in Nova ScotiaJennifer Jones
Environmental Programmes, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS
Can J Public Health 100:32-5. 2009..To examine the relationship between density of fast food restaurants and measures of social and material deprivation at the community level in Nova Scotia, Canada...
- Self-esteem in children: do goal orientations matter?M Kavussanu
Department of PE, SS and RM, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
Br J Educ Psychol 70:229-42. 2000..These two conceptions are embedded within two goal orientations, namely task and ego orientation...
- Geographies of inequality: child pedestrian injury and walking school buses in Auckland, New ZealandDamian C A Collins
Department of Geography, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1S6
Soc Sci Med 60:61-9. 2005....
- Ethnicity, social deprivation and psychological distress in adolescents: school-based epidemiological study in east LondonStephen A Stansfeld
Department of Psychiatry, Barts and The London, Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, Medical Sciences Building, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
Br J Psychiatry 185:233-8. 2004..In adults the prevalence of psychological distress varies in different ethnic groups, and this has been explained by differences in socio-economic status. Is this also the case in adolescents?..
- Area and individual circumstances and mood disorder prevalenceNicholas W J Wainwright
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Strangeways Research Laboratory, Worts Causeway, Cambridge CB1 8RN, UK
Br J Psychiatry 185:227-32. 2004..Associations have been demonstrated between contextual (area level) factors and a range of physical health outcomes, but their relationship with mental health outcomes is less well understood...
- Psychosocial issues in a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic population in NigeriaO Olayinka Omigbodun
Department of Psychiatry, University College Hospital, P M B 5116, Ibadan, Nigeria
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 39:667-72. 2004..Psychosocial problems in a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic population in Nigeria were documented as a preliminary step towards the planning and development of this new facility...
- Experiences and understandings of social and emotional distress in the postnatal period among Bangladeshi women living in Tower HamletsAlia Parvin
Tower Hamlets Primary Care Trust and Department of General Practice and Primary Care, Queen Mary's School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK
Fam Pract 21:254-60. 2004..More language support and advocacy is needed if women are to access the full range of health services...
- Social, demographic, and clinical factors related to disruptive behaviour in hospitalAndrea K Boggild
University of Toronto, Ontario
Can J Psychiatry 49:114-8. 2004..CONCLUSIONS: Patients at risk for disruptive behaviour during psychiatric hospitalization are characterized by a history of suicidal or impulsive-aggressive behaviour and social disadvantage...
- [Psychosomatic medicine as a scientific approach for the 21st century]Jorg Frommer
Abteilung für Pschosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Klinikum der Otto von Guericke Universität Magdeburg, Leipziger Strasse 44, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany
Z Psychosom Med Psychother 50:22-36. 2004..Subject of the article is the future of psychosomatic medicine as a science in the 21st century...
- Self-Regulation as a Biological Mechanism for Excess Weight Gain in ToddlersAlison L Miller; Fiscal Year: 2010..The results could therefore be broadly applicable to more effective prevention of other unhealthy behaviors such as substance abuse. ..
- Prenatal Anxiety and its Effects on Child DevelopmentTHOMAS O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2007..Moreover, the detailed focus on immune function means that these observations will extend this research well beyond mental health, and may illuminate further the mechanisms by which early stress exposure influences psyche and soma. ..
- Economic Stress & Child Development Across 3 GenerationsRand Conger; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Persisting Effects of Prenatal Anxiety on Child OutcomesTHOMAS O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Maternal overnutrition and offspring fat mass, metabolic and vascular function.Debbie Lawlor; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- BIOBEHAVIORAL STUDIES OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASESTEPHEN MANUCK; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- A Developmental Multi-Informant Measurement Model of TemperamentKirby Deater Deckard; Fiscal Year: 2007..The research also will provide information for professionals working to improve the parenting environments of children who show challenging behaviors that interfere with their social-emotional development and learning. ..
- Early temperament and social behavior in adolescenceNATHAN FOX; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- D-Cycloserine Augmentation of Therapy for Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive DisorderEric Storch; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such agents may have utility in improving outcome, reducing premature therapy termination, and targeting patients who have been treatment refractory. ..
- Trial of psychosocial training for pediatric generalistsLawrence Wissow; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Preventing Type 2 Diabetes in At-Risk YouthMargaret Grey; Fiscal Year: 2006..It is expected that this important and timely study will provide valuable information to help youth manage obesity, and potentially prevent T2DM and its long-term physical and psychosocial complications. ..
- Prevention of Depression in Latino ParentsEsteban Cardemil; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Transitioning from childhood to adulthood: the impact of perinatal HIV infectionClaude Ann Mellins; Fiscal Year: 2011....
- Economic Stress & Child Development Across 3 GenerationsTricia K Neppl; Fiscal Year: 2010..s. ..
- Efficacy of Early Stage Alzheimer's Support GroupsRebecca G Logsdon; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Persisting Effects of Prenatal Anxiety on Child OutcomesTHOMAS G O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Neurobiology of Social SupportCAROL SUE CARTER; Fiscal Year: 2010..In addition, these studies may help us understand neuroendocrine mechanisms underlying child neglect or abuse and why these may differ in males and females. ..
- Transitioning from childhood to adulthood: the impact of perinatal HIV infectionClaude Ann Mellins; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- CRITICAL TRANSITIONS IN RURAL FAMILIES AT RISKRand Conger; Fiscal Year: 2009..This information can be used to development more effective preventive interventions designed to reduce lifelong psychiatric problems. ..
- Transitioning from childhood to adulthood: the impact of perinatal HIV infectionClaude Mellins; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Persisting Effects of Prenatal Anxiety on Child OutcomesTHOMAS O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Prenatal Anxiety and its Effects on Child DevelopmentTHOMAS O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2009..Moreover, the detailed focus on immune function means that these observations will extend this research well beyond mental health, and may illuminate further the mechanisms by which early stress exposure influences psyche and soma. ..
- Community-Based Correlates of Adolescent Substance UseKathy Sanders Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION IN DISADVANTAGED GYNECOLOGY PATIMartha Miranda; Fiscal Year: 2001..Finally. they will examine the cost-effectiveness of the two treatments, with outcomes including both depressive symptomalogy and functional status. ..
- COCAINE EXPOSURE IN UTERO--ELEMENTARY SHCOOL FOLLOWUPDeborah Frank; Fiscal Year: 1999..This data can inform public policy choices for care of cocaine exposed elementary school children nationwide. ..
- IMPROVING MENTAL HEALTH CARE BY PEDIATRIC GENERALISTSLawrence Wissow; Fiscal Year: 2004..The second will explore how concepts of therapeutic alliance, which have been shown to predict treatment outcome in specialized mental health services, can be applied to mental health care provided by generalists. ..
- Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Adolescent Follow-upDeborah Frank; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such data can inform clinical interventions and public policy choices for care of youngsters with IUCE from infancy to adolescence. ..
- NEUROPHYSIOLOGIC ASSESSMENT OF AT RISK NEWBORNSCharles Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2002..We are hypothesizing that our IDM infants will show selective deficits in our temporal lobe (memory) tasks, and will perform in the normal range on our IQ outcome measures. ..
- Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Young Adult Follow UpRuth Rose Jacobs; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- A Genetic Study of Personal Traits that Promote or Inhibit Individual Well-BeingMichael C Stallings; Fiscal Year: 2010..Indeed, results from the proposed study should provide specific insights that can inform prevention and treatment efforts designed to promote healthy human development and to reduce psychopathology and problem behaviors. ..
- Mexican Family Culture & Substance Use Risk & ResilienceRand Conger; Fiscal Year: 2009..Results of the study are expected to inform the development of more effective and culturally sensitive early prevention programs. ..
- Quantifying and Tracking Risk for Substance Use DisorderLevent Kirisci; Fiscal Year: 2007..The long-term career goal will thus be to apply my psychometric and statistical expertise to develop instrumentation that clarifies SUD etiology and conjointly has practical utility. ..
- Young Adult Literacy Problems: Prevalence and TreatmentFrank Wood; Fiscal Year: 2006..It is expected that the different types of instruction will be differentially effective for persons with different skill profiles of strength and weakness. ..
- ATTENDED CITY SCHOOLYARDS TO INCREASE PHYSICAL ACTIVITYThomas Farley; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- HBCU RESEARCH SCIENTIST AWARDKathy Sanders Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2005..The Principal Investigator of this project is the Interim Dean of the School of Education. ..
- PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY OF ADAPTATION--CHILDREN IN HEAD STARTClancy Blair; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Adapting CHAMP+ for South Africa: Supporting HIV-Infected Youth and FamiliesClaude Mellins; Fiscal Year: 2007..The findings can be used to inform larger-scale effectiveness studies in similar settings. ..
- Improving the Management of Obesity in Primary Care PracticeThomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2007..This study holds promise of identifying effective weight loss methods that can be provided in primary care, at reasonable cost, by existing office personnel. ..
- Language/theory/food conception and eating behaviorJULIE LUMENG; Fiscal Year: 2006..Results of the proposed experiments will lead to the development of an intervention program to alter children's food preferences and eating behavior that will be tested in subsequent studies. ..
- Transitioning from childhood to adulthood: the impact of perinatal HIV infectionClaude Mellins; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- CHILDHOOD ORIGINS OF ADOLESCENT SEXUAL RISK TAKINGMarcela Raffaelli; Fiscal Year: 2002..This project will provide unique information about developmental antecedents of adolescent sexual risk-taking and permit identification of fruitful avenues for early intervention. ..
- AGE 6 TEST OF HOME VISITS BY NURSES VS PARAPROFESSIONALSDavid Olds; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- CHILDHOOD PREDICTORS OF ALCHOLISM AND VIOLENCEAdrian Raine; Fiscal Year: 2002..Such research has in turn the potential to address some of the issues raised in recent RFAs on alcoholism pertaining to youth, violence, and minorities. ..
- Look AHEAD: Action for Health in DiabetesThomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2007..These procedures will enable us to analyze the effects of the intervention on serious cardiovascular- related factors and complications, and cost-effectiveness of the intervention. ..