temperament

Summary

Summary: Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Temperament, character, and personality disorders
    S M de la Rie
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
    J Pers Disord 12:362-72. 1998
  2. ncbi Integrating animal temperament within ecology and evolution
    Denis Reale
    Canada Research Chair in Behavioural Ecology and Groupe de Recherche en Ecologie Comportementale et Animale, Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 82:291-318. 2007
  3. ncbi Investigations of temperament at three to seven years: the Children's Behavior Questionnaire
    M K Rothbart
    Dept of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403 1227, USA
    Child Dev 72:1394-408. 2001
  4. pmc A common allele in the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) impacts prosocial temperament and human hypothalamic-limbic structure and function
    Heike Tost
    Clinical Brain Disorders Branch, Genes, Cognition, and Psychosis Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:13936-41. 2010
  5. ncbi Temperament and character inventory (TCI) and depression
    M Hansenne
    Psychiatric Unit, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire du Sart Tilnan, Liege, Belgium
    J Psychiatr Res 33:31-6. 1999
  6. ncbi Evaluating the state dependency of the Temperament and Character Inventory dimensions in patients with major depression: a methodological contribution
    Shigeki Hirano
    Department of Psychiatry, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Dengakugakubo 1 98, Kutsukake, Toyoake City, Japan 470 1192
    J Affect Disord 69:31-8. 2002
  7. ncbi Prenatal exposure to maternal depression and cortisol influences infant temperament
    Elysia Poggi Davis
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:737-46. 2007
  8. ncbi A sib-pair study of the Temperament and Character Inventory scales in major depression
    Anne Farmer
    Medical Research Council, Social Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:490-6. 2003
  9. ncbi Predictors of postpartum depression: an update
    C T Beck
    School of Nursing, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269, USA
    Nurs Res 50:275-85. 2001
  10. ncbi [Temperament and Character Inventory Revised (TCI-R). Standardization and normative data in a general population sample]
    J A Gutiérrez-Zotes
    Hospital Psiquiátrico Universitario Instituto Pere Mata, Universidad Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Tarragona
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 32:8-15. 2004

Detail Information

Publications324 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Temperament, character, and personality disorders
    S M de la Rie
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
    J Pers Disord 12:362-72. 1998
    This study compares two self-report instruments--the Dutch version of Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and the Questionnaire on Personality Traits (VKP)--in a Dutch sample of 148 people in a healthy population...
  2. ncbi Integrating animal temperament within ecology and evolution
    Denis Reale
    Canada Research Chair in Behavioural Ecology and Groupe de Recherche en Ecologie Comportementale et Animale, Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 82:291-318. 2007
    b>Temperament describes the idea that individual behavioural differences are repeatable over time and across situations...
  3. ncbi Investigations of temperament at three to seven years: the Children's Behavior Questionnaire
    M K Rothbart
    Dept of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403 1227, USA
    Child Dev 72:1394-408. 2001
    ..and validity of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ), and presents CBQ data on the structure of temperament in childhood...
  4. pmc A common allele in the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) impacts prosocial temperament and human hypothalamic-limbic structure and function
    Heike Tost
    Clinical Brain Disorders Branch, Genes, Cognition, and Psychosis Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:13936-41. 2010
    ..human subjects to identify structural and functional alterations in OXTR risk allele carriers and their link to temperament. Activation and interregional coupling of the amygdala during the processing of emotionally salient social cues ..
  5. ncbi Temperament and character inventory (TCI) and depression
    M Hansenne
    Psychiatric Unit, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire du Sart Tilnan, Liege, Belgium
    J Psychiatr Res 33:31-6. 1999
    Although several studies have assessed the relationships between the temperament dimensions of the Cloninger model of personality and depression, little is known about the role played by the character dimensions proposed by the seven-..
  6. ncbi Evaluating the state dependency of the Temperament and Character Inventory dimensions in patients with major depression: a methodological contribution
    Shigeki Hirano
    Department of Psychiatry, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Dengakugakubo 1 98, Kutsukake, Toyoake City, Japan 470 1192
    J Affect Disord 69:31-8. 2002
    ..Little is known as to whether or not the seven personality dimensions of Cloninger's theory, particularly the three character dimensions newly included in the theory, are independent of the states of depression...
  7. ncbi Prenatal exposure to maternal depression and cortisol influences infant temperament
    Elysia Poggi Davis
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:737-46. 2007
    ..Few prospective studies of human pregnancy have examined the consequences of prenatal exposure to stress and stress hormones...
  8. ncbi A sib-pair study of the Temperament and Character Inventory scales in major depression
    Anne Farmer
    Medical Research Council, Social Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:490-6. 2003
    ..A sib-pair method has been used to examine the familiality of the 7 scales of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and whether this could be related to the genetic vulnerability to develop ..
  9. ncbi Predictors of postpartum depression: an update
    C T Beck
    School of Nursing, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269, USA
    Nurs Res 50:275-85. 2001
    ..Approximately 13% of women experience postpartum depression. Early recognition is one of the most difficult challenges with this mood disorder because of how covertly it is suffered...
  10. ncbi [Temperament and Character Inventory Revised (TCI-R). Standardization and normative data in a general population sample]
    J A Gutiérrez-Zotes
    Hospital Psiquiátrico Universitario Instituto Pere Mata, Universidad Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Tarragona
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 32:8-15. 2004
    The revised version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-R), a tool designed by C. R...
  11. ncbi Risk factors for childhood overweight: a prospective study from birth to 9.5 years
    W Stewart Agras
    Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305 5733, USA
    J Pediatr 145:20-5. 2004
    ..To ascertain risk factors for the development of overweight in children at 9.5 years of age...
  12. ncbi Development and validation of a questionnaire for measuring behavior and temperament traits in pet dogs
    Yuying Hsu
    Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6010, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 223:1293-300. 2003
    To develop and validate a questionnaire to assess behavior and temperament traits of pet dogs.
  13. pmc Amygdala and hippocampus fail to habituate to faces in individuals with an inhibited temperament
    Jennifer Urbano Blackford
    Department of Psychiatry, Psychiatric Neuroimaging Program, Vanderbilt University, 1601 23rd Avenue South, Suite 3057, Nashville, TN 37212, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 8:143-50. 2013
    ..examine habituation to neutral faces in 39 young adults with either an extreme inhibited or extreme uninhibited temperament. Our investigation focused on two key brain regions involved in response to novelty--the amygdala and the ..
  14. ncbi Can onset and recovery in depression be predicted by temperament? A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Olli Kampman
    University of Tampere, Medical School, Tampere, Finland
    J Affect Disord 135:20-7. 2011
    Behavioural inhibition and more specifically harm avoidance temperament dimension (HA) has been found to be associated with depression. Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) by Cloninger et al...
  15. pmc Infant joint attention, temperament, and social competence in preschool children
    Amy Vaughan Van Hecke
    University of Miami, USA
    Child Dev 78:53-69. 2007
    ..were related to 30-month social competence and externalizing behavior, even when accounting for 15-month temperament ratings, 24-month cognition and language, and demographic variables...
  16. ncbi Cloninger's temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with major depressive disorder
    Feryal Cam Celikel
    Department of Psychiatry, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, 60100 Tokat, Turkey
    Compr Psychiatry 50:556-61. 2009
    ..outpatients (67 women, 14 men) and 51 healthy controls (35 women, 16 men) filled out the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)...
  17. pmc Parental depression and child temperament: assessing child to parent effects in a longitudinal population study
    Lucy Hanington
    University of Oxford Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Headington, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
    Infant Behav Dev 33:88-95. 2010
    Current research supports a link between maternal depression and difficult child temperament. The direction of effect is often assumed to be from parent to child, but few studies have addressed child to parent effects...
  18. ncbi Childhood temperament and long-term sickness absence in adult life
    Max Henderson
    Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, Department of Psychological Medicine, Weston Education Centre, Cutcombe Road, London SE5 9RJ, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 194:220-3. 2009
    Little is known as to whether childhood temperament is associated with long-term sickness absence in adult life.
  19. ncbi Continuity and discontinuity of behavioral inhibition and exuberance: psychophysiological and behavioral influences across the first four years of life
    N A Fox
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA
    Child Dev 72:1-21. 2001
    ..Four-month temperament was modestly predictive of behavioral inhibition over the first 2 years of life and of behavioral reticence at ..
  20. ncbi A large population cohort provides normative data for investigation of temperament
    J Miettunen
    Department of Psychiatry, Oulu University, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 110:150-7. 2004
    We evaluated the psychometric properties of widely used scales for assessing temperament in a large birth cohort...
  21. ncbi Temperament and character during the course of unipolar depression among inpatients
    J Richter
    Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitat Rostock, Germany
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 250:40-7. 2000
    ..g. self-directedness and cooperativeness) of the patients classified into these groups both at admission and at discharge compared with their healthy counterparts...
  22. ncbi Character and temperament in major depressive disorder and a highly anxious-retarded subtype derived from melancholia
    Remco F P de Winter
    Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Compr Psychiatry 48:426-35. 2007
    ..As 2 character dimensions of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), self-directedness (SD) and cooperativeness, parsimoniously predict the presence ..
  23. ncbi Attachment insecurity, personality, and body dissatisfaction in eating disorders
    Giovanni Abbate-Daga
    Department of Neuroscience, Section of Psychiatry, Eating Disorders Centre, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
    J Nerv Ment Dis 198:520-4. 2010
    ..Participants completed Temperament and Character Inventory, Body Shape Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, and Attachment Style ..
  24. ncbi Temperament and character profile of eating disorders: a controlled study with the Temperament and Character Inventory
    Secondo Fassino
    Department of Neurosciences, Psychiatry Section, Service for Eating Disorders, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
    Int J Eat Disord 32:412-25. 2002
    ..A way to face this problem is to examine the personality traits underlying these disorders...
  25. ncbi Validity and reliability of the Japanese version of the Temperament and Character Inventory: a study of university and college students
    Mika Takeuchi
    Jiyugaoka Sanno College School of Business Administration, Tokyo, Japan
    Compr Psychiatry 52:109-17. 2011
    The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a widely used self-report measure of adult personality.
  26. pmc Temperament and the environment in the etiology of childhood anxiety
    Kathryn A Degnan
    University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 51:497-517. 2010
    ..The current review focuses on child temperament (i.e...
  27. ncbi Measurement of fine-grained aspects of toddler temperament: the early childhood behavior questionnaire
    Samuel P Putnam
    Department of Psychology, Bowdoin College, 6900 College Station, Brunswick, ME 04011, United States
    Infant Behav Dev 29:386-401. 2006
    ..reliability, and factor structure of a finely differentiated (18 dimensions) parent-report measure of temperament in 1...
  28. ncbi The Gamblers' Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) personality profile
    L Janiri
    Department of Psychiatry, Catholic University Medical School, Rome, Italy
    Subst Use Misuse 42:975-84. 2007
    In a cross-comparison study, the Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) personality profile was administered to 28 probable pathological gamblers (PPGs), 32 nonpathological gamblers (non-PGs), and 65 controls...
  29. pmc Relationship of postnatal depressive symptoms to infant temperament, maternal expectations, social support and other potential risk factors: findings from a large Australian cross-sectional study
    John G Eastwood
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:148. 2012
    ..The survey included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for postnatal depressive symptoms in women living in metropolitan Sydney, Australia...
  30. ncbi Association between lead exposure from electronic waste recycling and child temperament alterations
    Junxiao Liu
    Analytical Cytology Laboratory and the Key Immunopathology Laboratory of Guangdong Province, Shantou University Medical College, 22 Xinling Road, Shantou, PR China
    Neurotoxicology 32:458-64. 2011
    We aimed to evaluate the dose-dependent effects of lead exposure on temperament alterations in children from a primitive e-waste (obsolete electrical and electronic devices) recycling area in Guiyu of China and a control area (Chendian, ..
  31. ncbi Temperament and character of suicide attempters
    Raffaella Calati
    Institute of Psychiatry, University of Bologna, Viale Carlo Pepoli 5, 40123 Bologna, Italy
    J Psychiatr Res 42:938-45. 2008
    ..In the present study we considered the association between personality traits, measured by Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), and suicidal behavior...
  32. ncbi Individual differences in local gray and white matter volumes reflect differences in temperament and character: a voxel-based morphometry study in healthy young females
    Peter Van Schuerbeek
    Department of Radiology, UZ Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel VUB, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium
    Brain Res 1371:32-42. 2011
    The psychobiological personality model of Cloninger distinguishes four heritable temperament traits (harm avoidance (HA), novelty seeking (NS), reward dependence (RD) and persistence (P)) and three character traits (self-directedness (SD)..
  33. ncbi Temperament as a unifying basis for personality and psychopathology
    Lee Anna Clark
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 1316, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 114:505-21. 2005
    ..and proposes an integrative framework to explain personality-psychopathology relations: Three broad, innate temperament dimensions--negative affectivity, positive affectivity, and disinhibition--differentiate through both ..
  34. ncbi Relation of temperament and character properties with clinical presentation of bipolar disorder
    Aslihan Sayin
    Psychiatry Department, Gazi University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
    Compr Psychiatry 48:446-51. 2007
    The purpose of this study was to examine the underlying temperament and character properties of patients with bipolar disorder and explore the possible connections between these properties and clinical presentation of the illness.
  35. ncbi Inhibited and uninhibited infants "grown up": adult amygdalar response to novelty
    Carl E Schwartz
    Developmental Psychopathology Research Group, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital MGH, Harvard Medical School, 13th Street, Building 149, CNY 9, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Science 300:1952-3. 2003
    Infants with an inhibited temperament tend to develop into children who avoid people, objects, and situations that are novel or unfamiliar, whereas uninhibited children spontaneously approach novel persons, objects, and situations...
  36. ncbi Differences in temperament and character dimensions in patients with bipolar I or II or major depressive disorder and general population subjects
    P Jylhä
    Department of Mental Health and Substance Use, National Institute of Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Psychol Med 41:1579-91. 2011
    Whether temperament and character differ between bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) patients and general population subjects, or between BD I and BD II patients, remains unclear.
  37. ncbi Psychometric properties of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) questionnaire in a Spanish psychiatric population
    F Gutierrez
    Clinic Institute of Psychiatry and Psychology, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Spain
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 103:143-7. 2001
    The psychometric properties of the Spanish version of Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) were examined in a psychiatric population.
  38. pmc Attention biases to threat link behavioral inhibition to social withdrawal over time in very young children
    Koraly Perez-Edgar
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 39:885-95. 2011
    ..attention biases to threat may sustain high levels of behavioral inhibition (BI) over time, helping link early temperament to social outcomes...
  39. ncbi Normative data and factorial structure of the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory
    Samet Kose
    Medical University of South Carolina, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 50:361-8. 2009
    ..model of personality accounts for both normal and abnormal variation in 2 major personality components: temperament and character...
  40. ncbi Maternal trait anxiety, depression and life event stress in pregnancy: relationships with infant temperament
    Marie Paule Austin
    School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Prince of Wales Hospital, High Street Randwick 2031, Sydney, Australia
    Early Hum Dev 81:183-90. 2005
    To assess whether links exist between maternal trait anxiety (STAI), perceived life event (LE) stress and depression (Edinburgh scale) and infant temperament.
  41. ncbi Validation and normative studies of the Brazilian Portuguese and American versions of the Temperament and Character Inventory - Revised (TCI-R)
    Daniel Maffasioli Goncalves
    Department of Epidemiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    J Affect Disord 124:126-33. 2010
    The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was first described in 1993. It was designed to measure the character and temperament dimensions of Cloninger's model of personality using a true-false response format...
  42. ncbi Full syndrome and subthreshold attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a Korean community sample: comorbidity and temperament findings
    Soo Churl Cho
    Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 18:447-57. 2009
    ..The main objective of this study was to investigate the comorbid disorders and temperamental profiles of full syndrome and subthreshold attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
  43. ncbi Temperament and depressive symptoms: a population-based longitudinal study on Cloninger's psychobiological temperament model
    Marko Elovainio
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, PO Box 9, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    J Affect Disord 83:227-32. 2004
    This study examined whether temperament dimensions, as indicated by Cloninger's psychobiological model [Cloninger, C.R., Svrakic, D.M., Przybeck, T.R., 1993. A psychobiological model of temperament and character. Arch. Gen...
  44. ncbi Gender differences in temperament: a meta-analysis
    Nicole M Else-Quest
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:33-72. 2006
    ..to estimate the magnitude of gender differences in mean level and variability of 35 dimensions and 3 factors of temperament in children ages 3 months to 13 years...
  45. pmc Amygdalar and hippocampal substrates of anxious temperament differ in their heritability
    Jonathan A Oler
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53719, USA
    Nature 466:864-8. 2010
    Anxious temperament (AT) in human and non-human primates is a trait-like phenotype evident early in life that is characterized by increased behavioural and physiological reactivity to mildly threatening stimuli...
  46. ncbi Influence of RGS2 on anxiety-related temperament, personality, and brain function
    Jordan W Smoller
    Center for Human Genetic Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:298-308. 2008
    ..The gene encoding regulator of G protein signaling 2 (Rgs2) is a quantitative trait gene that influences mouse anxiety behavior, making its human ortholog (RGS2) a compelling candidate gene for human anxiety phenotypes...
  47. ncbi The preservation of two infant temperaments into adolescence
    Jerome Kagan
    Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Monogr Soc Res Child Dev 72:1-75, vii; discussion 76-91. 2007
  48. ncbi Behavioral inhibition: linking biology and behavior within a developmental framework
    Nathan A Fox
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 56:235-62. 2005
    Behavioral inhibition refers to a temperament or style of reacting that some infants and young children exhibit when confronted with novel situations or unfamiliar adults or peers...
  49. ncbi Personality and the perception of health and happiness
    C Robert Cloninger
    Dept of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Affect Disord 128:24-32. 2011
    ..e., "happiness") and its non-affective aspects (i.e., "wellness") in the general population...
  50. ncbi Anger and personality in eating disorders
    S Fassino
    Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatric Institute, University of Turin, Via Cherasco 11, 10126 Torino, Italy
    J Psychosom Res 51:757-64. 2001
    This study was designed to examine how anger, temperament and character profiles differ across subtypes of eating disorders (EDs) in comparison to healthy controls and to analyze the relationship between anger expression, eating ..
  51. ncbi The rank-order consistency of personality traits from childhood to old age: a quantitative review of longitudinal studies
    B W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Tulsa, USA
    Psychol Bull 126:3-25. 2000
    ..7 years. Analysis of moderators of consistency showed that the longitudinal time interval had a negative relation to trait consistency and that temperament dimensions were less consistent than adult personality traits.
  52. ncbi Trajectories of externalizing behavior from age 2 to age 9: relations with gender, temperament, ethnicity, parenting, and rater
    Jennifer L Miner
    Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, School of Social Ecology, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92627, USA
    Dev Psychol 44:771-86. 2008
    ..predicted by the following factors: child male gender (for caregiver/teacher reports only), infant difficult temperament (for children with harsh mothers only), harsher maternal attitude toward discipline, higher level of maternal ..
  53. ncbi TEMPS-A: validation of a short version of a self-rated instrument designed to measure variations in temperament
    Hagop S Akiskal
    Department of Psychiatry, International Mood Center, University of California, San Diego, VA Psychiatry 116A, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    J Affect Disord 85:45-52. 2005
    To validate a short English-language version of the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-autoquestionnaire version (TEMPS-A), a self-report questionnaire designed to measure temperamental variations in psychiatric ..
  54. ncbi Temperament, character, and personality disorders: etiologic, diagnostic, treatment issues
    D M Svrakic
    Department of Psychiatry and Center for Psychobiology of Personality, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 106:189-95. 2002
    ..underlying dimensional structure of personality disorder, propose a novel approach to its diagnosis, and outline our concepts of its etiology and treatment based on the seven factor psychobiological model of temperament and character.
  55. ncbi Personality in schizophrenia assessed with the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)
    Hiroaki Hori
    Department of Mental Disorder Research, National Institute of Neuroscience, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, 4 1 1 Ogawahigashi, Kodaira, Tokyo, Japan
    Psychiatry Res 160:175-83. 2008
    The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a well-established self-report questionnaire measuring four temperament and three character dimensions...
  56. ncbi Sex-specific influence of DRD2 on ADHD-type temperament in a large population-based birth cohort
    Emma S Nyman
    Public Health Genomics Unit, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland FIMM, University of Helsinki and National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Psychiatr Genet 22:197-201. 2012
    ..The current study evaluates potential associations of dopamine receptor genes and Cloninger temperament traits within this same sample...
  57. ncbi Relationships between season of birth, schizotypy, temperament, character and neurocognition in a non-clinical population
    Hiroaki Hori
    Department of Mental Disorder Research, National Institute of Neuroscience, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Kodaira, Tokyo, Japan
    Psychiatry Res 195:69-75. 2012
    ..Season of birth has also been reported to relate to temperament and character personality dimensions and cognitive functioning...
  58. ncbi Temperament and character modify risk of drug addiction and influence choice of drugs
    Dragan Milivojevic
    Specialized Hospital for Chemical Dependence Naltrexzone, Beograd, Serbia
    Am J Addict 21:462-7. 2012
    ..In this work, temperament and character features of individuals addicted to opiates or alcohol are compared with normal controls to study ..
  59. ncbi A meta-analysis of temperament in axis I psychiatric disorders
    Jouko Miettunen
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oulu, PO Box 5000, 90014 Oulu, Finland
    Compr Psychiatry 53:152-66. 2012
    This article reports on a meta-analysis of Cloninger's temperament dimensions (novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, and persistence) in individuals with lifetime psychiatric disorders compared with controls and on ..
  60. ncbi Interactions between child behavior patterns and parenting: implications for children's unintentional injury risk
    David C Schwebel
    Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1300 University Boulevard, CH 415, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 29:93-104. 2004
    ..Along with hypotheses to replicate previous univariate effects, it was hypothesized that active, involved parents with sufficient time resources might reduce injury risk among temperamentally at-risk children...
  61. ncbi Temperament traits associated with risk of schizophrenia in an indigenous population of Argentina
    María Calvó de Padilla
    Schizophr Res 83:299-302. 2006
  62. ncbi Cyclothymic-depressive-anxious temperament pattern is related to suicide risk in 346 patients with major mood disorders
    Maurizio Pompili
    Department of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Sensory Organs, Suicide Prevention Center, Sant Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
    J Affect Disord 136:405-11. 2012
    ....
  63. pmc Temperament and parenting during the first year of life predict future child conduct problems
    Benjamin B Lahey
    Department of Health Studies MC 2007, University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 36:1139-58. 2008
    Predictive associations between parenting and temperament during the first year of life and child conduct problems were assessed longitudinally in 1,863 offspring of a representative sample of women...
  64. ncbi Executive cognitive functioning, temperament, and antisocial behavior in conduct-disordered adolescent females
    P R Giancola
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania 15213 2593, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 107:629-41. 1998
    The authors assessed whether low executive cognitive functioning (ECF) and a difficult temperament are related to aggressive and nonaggressive forms of antisocial behavior (ASB) in 249, 14-18-year-old, conduct-disordered females and ..
  65. ncbi Temperament and character personality profile in relation to suicide attempts in patients with schizophrenia
    Yakup Albayrak
    Department of Psychiatry, Kırklareli State Hospital, Kirklareli, Turkey
    Compr Psychiatry 53:1130-6. 2012
    ..Beside classic risk factors for suicidality, temperament and character traits have been researched and considered as risk factors for suicidal behavior in recent years.
  66. ncbi Shared temperament risk factors for anorexia nervosa: a twin study
    Tracey D Wade
    School of Psychology, Flinders University, P O Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
    Psychosom Med 70:239-44. 2008
    To answer two questions about the nature of the relationship between anorexia nervosa (AN) and dimensional temperament traits: Which traits are comorbid with AN? Which traits share transmitted liabilities with AN?
  67. ncbi Maternal modeling and the acquisition of fear and avoidance in toddlers: influence of stimulus preparedness and child temperament
    Kathrin Dubi
    Department of Psychology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 36:499-512. 2008
    ..In addition, no association was found between child temperament and behavioral responses and a weak association emerged between child temperament and emotional responses...
  68. pmc Temperament and sensory features of children with autism
    M E Brock
    Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 42:2271-84. 2012
    This study sought to characterize temperament traits in a sample of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), ages 3-7 years old, and to determine the potential association between temperament and sensory features in ASD...
  69. ncbi Temperament and character personality profiles and personality disorders in chronic pain patients
    Rupert Conrad
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Bonn, Sigmund Freud Str 25, 53105 Bonn, Germany
    Pain 133:197-209. 2007
    ..Participants were assessed using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), the Structured-Clinical-Interview-II, the Beck Depression Inventory and the ..
  70. ncbi Individual differences in emotionality: social temperament and health
    John P Capitanio
    California National Primate Research Center, University of California, Davis, 95616, USA
    Am J Primatol 73:507-15. 2011
    ..This review discusses the role of temperament in health-related outcomes in rhesus monkeys...
  71. ncbi The dimensional symptom structure of schizophrenia and its association with temperament and character
    Francois Guillem
    Centre de Recherche Fernand Seguin, Hopital L H Lafontaine, 7331 rue Hochelaga, Montreal, Quebec, H1N 3V2, Canada
    Schizophr Res 56:137-47. 2002
    ..Fifty-two schizophrenia patients and 25 five healthy subjects were assessed using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)...
  72. ncbi The influence of temperament on symptoms and functional outcome in people with psychosis in the Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort
    L Poustka
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, J5, 68159 Mannheim, Germany
    Eur Psychiatry 25:26-32. 2010
    To describe symptom expression and functional outcome in psychotic disorders in relation with temperament traits assessed with the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) in a population-based sample.
  73. ncbi Differential amygdalar response to novel versus newly familiar neutral faces: a functional MRI probe developed for studying inhibited temperament
    Carl E Schwartz
    Developmental Psychopathology Research Group CES, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown 02129, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 53:854-62. 2003
    ..Prior neuroimaging studies of the amygdala in humans to date have focused principally on responses to emotional stimuli, primarily aversive, rather than to novelty per se...
  74. ncbi Temperament and character personality profile in relation to suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in major depressed patients
    Rupert Conrad
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Bonn, Germany
    Psychiatry Res 170:212-7. 2009
    ..Psychodiagnostic measures embraced the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), the Symptom Checklist-90-R and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale...
  75. ncbi Temperament and character in patients with bipolar II disorder and recurrent brief depression
    H Lövdahl
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, Department of Neuropsychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway
    Compr Psychiatry 51:607-17. 2010
    We compared the temperament and character profiles of 21 patients with bipolar II disorder, 40 patients with recurrent brief depression (RBD; at least monthly depressive episodes meeting the diagnostic criteria for major depressive ..
  76. ncbi Temperament and the psychobiology of childhood stress
    W T Boyce
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0314
    Pediatrics 90:483-6. 1992
    ..We propose that the construct of temperament can be regarded as an organizing principle in children's responses to environmental adversity, and we review ..
  77. ncbi Maturity and change in personality: developmental trends of temperament and character in adulthood
    Kim Josefsson
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki 00014, Finland
    Dev Psychopathol 25:713-27. 2013
    We studied the developmental trends of temperament and character in a longitudinal population-based sample of Finnish men and women aged 20-45 years using the Temperament and Character Inventory model of personality...
  78. pmc Stable early maternal report of behavioral inhibition predicts lifetime social anxiety disorder in adolescence
    Andrea Chronis-Tuscano
    Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 48:928-35. 2009
    ..It was hypothesized that stable BI would predict the presence of adolescent psychiatric diagnoses, specifically SAD...
  79. ncbi Early adolescents' temperament, emotion regulation during mother-child interactions, and depressive symptomatology
    Marie B H Yap
    Orygen Youth Health Research Centre, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Dev Psychopathol 23:267-82. 2011
    This study examined the relations among temperament, emotion regulation, and depressive symptoms in early adolescents...
  80. ncbi Nonhuman primate studies of fear, anxiety, and temperament and the role of benzodiazepine receptors and GABA systems
    Ned H Kalin
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53719, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 64:41-4. 2003
    Studies of nonhuman primate models have been useful in defining anxious temperament as an individual's stable set of physiologic and behavioral responses and in providing insights regarding human anxiety...
  81. ncbi Anatomical variability of the anterior cingulate gyrus and basic dimensions of human personality
    Jesus Pujol
    Magnetic Resonance Center of Pedralbes, 08950 Barcelona, Spain
    Neuroimage 15:847-55. 2002
    ..and 50 men), we measured the surface area of the anterior cingulate gyrus and related it to the scores on the Temperament and Character Inventory...
  82. ncbi Temperament profiles, major depression, and response to treatment with SSRIs in psychiatric outpatients
    O Kampman
    University of Tampere, Medical School, 33014 Tampere, Finland
    Eur Psychiatry 27:245-9. 2012
    The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is commonly used in adult populations...
  83. ncbi Heterogeneous selection on a heritable temperament trait in a variable environment
    John L Quinn
    Edward Grey Institute, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    J Anim Ecol 78:1203-15. 2009
    1. Temperament traits increasingly provide a focus for investigating the evolutionary ecology of behavioural variation...
  84. ncbi Early childhood aetiology of mental health problems: a longitudinal population-based study
    Jordana K Bayer
    Centre for Community Child Health, The University of Melbourne, Australia
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:1166-74. 2008
    ..We aimed to identify child, parenting, and family predictors from infancy in the development of externalising and internalising behaviour problems by age 3 years...
  85. ncbi The bitter with the sweet: the taste/stress/temperament nexus
    N K Dess
    Department of Psychology, Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA 90041, USA
    Biol Psychol 48:103-19. 1998
    ..The present study concerned stress-induced changes in taste and its modulation by temperament in people...
  86. pmc Maternal oxytocin response during mother-infant interaction: associations with adult temperament
    Lane Strathearn
    Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Horm Behav 61:429-35. 2012
    ..purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of self-reported state and trait measures (such as temperament, mood and affect) with peripheral oxytocin response in mothers...
  87. ncbi The distinct temperament profiles of bipolar I, bipolar II and unipolar patients
    Hagop S Akiskal
    National Institute of Mental Health Collaborative Program on the Psychobiology of Depression, Clinical Studies, Rockville, MD, USA
    J Affect Disord 92:19-33. 2006
    ..studies, controversies abound on whether the long-term traits of unipolar and bipolar patients could be differentiated by temperament and whether these traits, in turn, could be distinguished from subthreshold affective symptomatology.
  88. ncbi Familiality of temperament in bipolar disorder: support for a genetic spectrum
    Lynn Evans
    Department of Psychiatry, UCSD, School of Medicine, University of California, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0603, USA
    J Affect Disord 85:153-68. 2005
    ..Consistent with this idea, it has been proposed that an underlying quantitative variation in temperament may be the primary phenotype that is genetically transmitted and that it in turn predisposes to bipolar ..
  89. ncbi Measuring a behaviorally inhibited temperament style: development and initial validation of new self-report measures
    Gemma Gladstone
    School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales and Mood Disorders Unit, Black Dog Institute, The Villa, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, 2031, Australia
    Psychiatry Res 135:133-43. 2005
    An inhibited temperament early in life has been implicated as a risk factor for the later development of clinically meaningful anxiety and possibly depression...
  90. ncbi An examination of emotion regulation, temperament, and parenting style as potential predictors of adolescent depression risk status: a correlational study
    Jennifer Betts
    School of Psychology, Psychiatry, and Psychological Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Br J Dev Psychol 27:473-85. 2009
    ..This study investigated both traditional (temperament and parenting) and novel (emotion regulation strategy) risk factors associated with adolescent depression...
  91. pmc Startle response in behaviorally inhibited adolescents with a lifetime occurrence of anxiety disorders
    Bethany C Reeb-Sutherland
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, 3304 Benjamin Building, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 48:610-7. 2009
    ..The current study examines whether the startle reflex response may be used to differentiate between behaviorally inhibited adolescents with and without a history of anxiety...
  92. ncbi Symptomatic overlap between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and borderline personality disorder in women: the role of temperament and character traits
    Fiona E van Dijk
    Department of Psychiatry 961, Nijmegen Centre for Evidence Based Practice, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, The Netherlands
    Compr Psychiatry 53:39-47. 2012
    ..The role of temperament and character traits in the differentiation of classes of patients with similar ADHD and BPD symptom profiles ..
  93. ncbi Cloninger's temperament traits and preclinical atherosclerosis: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study
    Mirka Hintsanen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Psychosom Res 67:77-84. 2009
    Cloninger's psychobiological model of temperament has recently raised interest as a risk factor for CHD. However, there are no studies that have examined the associations of Cloninger's temperament traits with atherosclerosis.
  94. pmc A genome-wide association study of Cloninger's temperament scales: implications for the evolutionary genetics of personality
    Karin J H Verweij
    Genetic Epidemiology, Molecular Epidemiology, and Queensland Statistical Genetics Laboratories, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Biol Psychol 85:306-17. 2010
    ..We performed the first genome-wide association study of Cloninger's temperament scales in a sample of 5117 individuals, in order to identify common genetic variants underlying variation in ..
  95. ncbi Externalizing behaviors and minor unintentional injuries in toddlers: common risk factors?
    C van Aken
    Department of Developmental Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Pediatr Psychol 32:230-44. 2007
    ..To investigate predictors for externalizing behaviors and minor unintentional injuries in toddlers and to examine whether common risk factors can be identified...
  96. ncbi The development of children's ideal and ought self-guides: parenting, temperament, and individual differences in guide strength
    Nanmathi Manian
    Child and Family Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD 20892 7971, USA
    J Pers 74:1619-45. 2006
    ..in two different data sets and validated that factor structure by examining its associations with maternal temperament. In turn, the parenting factors predicted individual differences in children's orientations to ideal and ought ..
  97. ncbi Tolerance allows bonobos to outperform chimpanzees on a cooperative task
    Brian Hare
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Curr Biol 17:619-23. 2007
    ..These results support the emotional-reactivity hypothesis. Selection on temperament may in part explain the variance in cooperative ability across species, including hominoids.
  98. pmc Breastfeeding and infant temperament at age three months
    Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e29326. 2012
    To examine the relationship between breastfeeding and maternally-rated infant temperament at age 3 months, 316 infants in the prospective Cambridge Baby Growth Study, UK had infant temperament assessed at age 3 months by mothers using ..
  99. ncbi Temperament and character personality dimensions in patients with dental anxiety
    Maud Bergdahl
    Department of Odontology, Umea University, Sweden
    Eur J Oral Sci 111:93-8. 2003
    The aim of the present study was to investigate character and temperament dimensions of personality in six men and 31 women (aged 20-57 yr) with severe dental anxiety, and to evaluate whether these dimensions were associated with the ..
  100. ncbi Temperament and character in patients with borderline personality disorder taking gender and comorbidity into account
    Sven Barnow
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
    Psychopathology 40:369-78. 2007
    ..The results indicate that only males with BPD presented an 'explosive' temperament suggested by Cloninger, with simultaneously high levels of novelty seeking and harm avoidance...
  101. ncbi Temperament and character dimensions in patients with schizophrenia, relatives, and controls
    Miguel Angel Gonzalez-Torres
    Department of Neuroscience, Basque Country University, Bilbao, Spain
    J Nerv Ment Dis 197:514-9. 2009
    ..We used Temperament and Character Inventory to explore personality dimensions in 61 clinically stable patients with schizophrenia ..

Research Grants78

  1. Neuroimaging abnormalities in major depressive disorder: effect of inflammation
    Jonathan Savitz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..D. in psychiatric genetics. My Ph.D. work was based on the principle that temperament and neurocognitive function could be used as intermediate traits or endophenotypes in order to facilitate the ..
  2. DEVELOPMENT AND REGULATION OF EMOTION IN PRIMATES
    Ned H Kalin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In humans and nonhuman primates, anxious temperament (AT) is a trait-like phenotype that is evident early in life and characterized by increased behavioral and physiological reactivity to mildly ..
  3. Effect of Birth Order and Genetics on Infant Parenting and Obesity Risk
    Ian M Paul; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and second-born siblings, b) explore how genetic differences among siblings that are associated with appetite, temperament, and obesity susceptibility affect parent-child interactions, degree of responsive parenting, and weight status,..
  4. The Iowa Flood Study: Perinatal Effects of a Natural Disaster
    MICHAEL WILLIAM O apos HARA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..infant health, poorer neuromotor maturity at birth, blunted reactive cortisol levels, as well as more difficult temperament. We believe that placental functioning will be a central mechanism for these effects: prenatal stress will be ..
  5. Genetics of Parkinsonism in a Special Population of Untreated Schizophrenia
    Gabriel Alejandro De Erausquin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of the substantia nigra, executive function and working memory deficits, and increased harm avoidance on the temperament and character inventory are all positively associated with motor impairment...
  6. Genetic components influencing the feline - human social bond
    Leslie A Lyons; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..central hypothesis is that genetic variations in the feline neurotransmitter pathway genes affect a cat's temperament, making them more or less suitable for AAI and developing positive human-animal interactions...
  7. Promoting positive social-emotional pathways: A translational research program
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..multi-trait, multi-assessment, multi-informant measures of children's genotypes, psychophysiology, temperament, behavior and emotions, conscience, comprehensively assessed competencies and functioning, parent-child ..
  8. Impact of Omega-3 Intake During Pregnancy on Maternal Stress and Infant Outcome
    KATHRYN ELIZABETH KEENAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..At 4 months post-partum infant temperament, cognitive development and stress reactivity will be assessed in the laboratory...
  9. Brain Mechanisms Mediating Genetic Risk For Anxiety and Depression
    Ned H Kalin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Anxious temperament (AT) is a critical childhood risk factor for the development of anxiety and depression. Human and monkey AT is identifiable early in life, stable across development, and heritable...
  10. Self-Regulation in Preschool: The Role of Child Physiology, Parents, and Teachers
    CATHI BARBRA PROPPER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..5 and 4.5), child self-regulation (behavior and respiratory sinus arrhythmia [RSA];vagal tone), temperament, early cognitive/executive functioning, and the parent-child relationship will be measured...
  11. Fetal Programming of Early Development
    CURT ALAN SANDMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..1) will be evaluated by examining the relation between levels of CRH with measures of parent and self-report of temperament. Programming effects of early exposure to CRH on cognition (Aim 2) will be evaluated by examining the relation ..
  12. Neuroimaging and Genetic Study of Inhibited Temperament
    Jennifer Urbano Blackford; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Inhibited temperament is the predisposition to respond to new people, places or things with fear and avoidance...
  13. Neural Dysfunction of Interoception in Adolescents Diagnosed with Anorexia Nervos
    AMANDA B GRETHE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, in an Exploratory Aim, we propose to examine how clinical, cognitive, and personality/temperament measures might be correlated to either the BOLD response and/or the integrity of frontostriatal connectivity as ..
  14. Paternal Care, Affiliation and Vasopressin: Mechanisms of Monogamy
    Alexander G Ophir; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The PI hypothesizes that targeted manipulation of V1aR in the LS will coordinate diverse attributes of temperament related to attachment, aggression and care-giving...
  15. Young Children's Self-Regulation in an Urban Context: A Multilevel Analysis
    RACHEL ANNE RAZZA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provided by applicant): Effortful control (EC), which reflects the self-regulatory aspect of early childhood temperament, develops considerably in the first five years of life...
  16. Origins of Maternal Sensitivity to Infant Distress
    Esther M Leerkes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..infants will participate in videotaped assessments of maternal sensitivity to distress and non-distress, infant temperament and emotion regulation, and attachment security...
  17. Maternal temperament, stress, and inflammation in preterm birth
    LOUIS JOSEPH MUGLIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We propose that individual temperament, inflammation, and stress will each provide an additive "hit", of which two or more will be required to end ..
  18. Biobehavioral Characterization of Infant Rhesus Monkeys
    John P Capitanio; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..research with rodents, nonhuman primates, and humans have documented the existence of individual differences in temperament, emotionality, behavioral and physiological reactivity, and personality, which we refer to as biobehavioral ..
  19. Self-Regulation Failure, Disordered Eating and Overweight in Youth
    LORI ANNE FRANCIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition to measures on children's self-regulatory capacity, temperament, disordered eating, and body composition, a number of family and neighborhood environmental factors have been ..
  20. The Cradle of Compassion: Early Development of Prosocial Behavior
    Celia A Brownell; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..state talk, above and beyond age and control variables such as family demographic characteristics, gender, temperament, parent-child relationship quality, and child compliance...
  21. The Classification of Anxiety and Mood Disorders
    Timothy A Brown; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..commonly used in cognitive and neuroscience studies of IDs, explication of genetic factors that influence temperament, cognitive processing biases, and the severity and course of ID psychopathology, and the refinement of the ..
  22. Preconception and Prenatal Stress: Pathways to Child Biology and Behavior
    Christine Dunkel Schetter; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..laboratory stressors and circadian regulation of cortisol production;(2) children's fearful or anxious temperament measured by innovative observational laboratory testing;(3) children's neurocognitive functioning using ..
  23. Animal Model of Genetics and Social Behavior in Autism Spectrum Disorders
    Michael L Platt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will use observational techniques and field experiments to quantitatively define heterogeneity in social temperament and social cognition phenotypes in males and females...
  24. Combining mouse and monkey models to understand human risk for psychopathology
    Ned H Kalin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..elevated pattern of brain circuit activity that includes the amygdala that is predictive of a highly anxious temperament. Our rodent studies selecting rats and mice that display a trait-like disposition to engage in extreme BI in ..
  25. Mood and Anxiety Subtypes in Anorexia Nervosa: Relevance to Treatment
    Jennifer E Wildes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..co-morbidity will be examined in 150 AN patients using dimensional measures of psychiatric symptomatology and temperament. Participants will be assessed 1-2 weeks after admission for acute (i.e...
  26. Subtypes and Associated Risk Factors in Stuttering
    Nicoline Grinager Ambrose; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are both genetically and environmentally shaped, and expressed through differences in the language, motor, and temperament domains, allowing us to parcel out variability that is predictive of recovery, chronicity, and therapeutic ..
  27. Gene x Environment Interactions Predicting an Endophenotype for Depression
    Caroline Oppenheimer; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Specifically, theory suggests that phenotypes related to negative emotionality/temperament may be an intermediate trait between candidate genes and depression (Caspi, Hariri, Holmes, Uher, &Moffitt, ..
  28. Neurodevelopmental Basis of Anxiety and Depressive Behavior
    Sarah M Clinton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: PROJECT NARRATIVE Inborn differences in personality and temperament strongly influence how individuals respond to stress and put some people at risk for developing emotional ..
  29. FOLLOW-UP STUDY OF MOTHERS, CHILDREN &FAMILIES IN CHINA NTD INTERVENTION PROGRAM
    Wang Yu; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..and during early pregnancy with respect to growth, development, nutritional status, and cognitive ability, temperament and behavioral development;4)Evaluate the general health status of their mothers during the years following the ..
  30. An Extended Amygdala Path with Implications for Early Life Stress
    Danielle M Decampo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In monkeys, BNST activity is correlated with individual differences in anxious temperament, a stable pattern of response to threatening stimuli...
  31. Social referencing and the influence of parental affect on non-ambulatory infants
    Gina Mireault; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..approach/avoidance, and heart rate) during both ambiguous and unambiguous events, and predict that infant temperament will moderate the effect of parental emotion on infants'responses (infant approach/avoidance, heart rate, ..
  32. Attention Training's Impact on Biobehavioral Correlates of Behavioral Inhibition
    Koraly E Perez-Edgar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Early childhood temperament, particularly behavioral inhibition (BI), is seen as an expression of a child's biologically based reaction tendencies to novelty and threat...
  33. Temperament as a risk factor in a monkey model of asthma susceptibility
    John P Capitanio; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Considerable evidence exists that psychosocial factors, such as anxiety, depression, and inhibited temperament, are associated with asthma...
  34. Child Temperament and Adaptation to Interparental Conflict
    Alice C Schermerhorn; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..It will examine interrelations between the stressor of interparental conflict and children's temperament traits as predictors of children's emotional, behavioral, and physical health outcomes...
  35. The effects of early temperament on social behavior in adolescence
    Nathan A Fox; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Early childhood temperament, particularly behavioral inhibition, is seen as an expression of a child's biologically based negative reactivity to novelty and threat...
  36. A Biopsychosocial Model of Emotion Processes Determining the Role of Overcontroll
    ELIZABETH JAYNE KIEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): A barrier to the successful prevention of negative consequences of inhibited temperament is understanding how and the conditions under which parenting behavior plays a role in its stability and ..
  37. MCLEAN STUDY OF ADULT DEVELOPMENT
    Mary C Zanarini; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..functioning, recovery from BPD, co-occurring axis I and II disorders, psychiatric treatment, changes in temperament, and medical conditions and medical treatments (AIM 1: Description)...
  38. Expanding the Utility of Social Network Analysis for Multilevel Health Outcomes
    Brenda McCowan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We propose to determine, using a nonhuman primate, how internal (e.g., personality and temperament, genetic predispositions) and external factors (e.g...
  39. Factors Influencing the Health Behavior of Young African American Adults
    Frederick X Gibbons; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g., temperament, self-control) combine to influence the adolescents'health behaviors, including their substance use and ..
  40. Child Temperament and Adaptation to Interparental Conflict
    Alice C Schermerhorn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It will examine interrelations between the stressor of interparental conflict and children's temperament traits as predictors of children's emotional, behavioral, and physical health outcomes...
  41. Contribution of circadian rhythm and maternal entrainment to infant regulation
    Karen A Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..physiological and emotional regulation as measured by Infant/Toddler Symptom Checklist (ITSC), Laboratory Temperament Assessment Battery (Lab-TAB), and Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire (BISQ) at 32 weeks infant age, using ..
  42. Longitudinal Follow-up Study of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
    Steven A Rasmussen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..test the relative contributions of these latent constructs, primary symptom subtypes, OCD symptom factors, and temperament in explaining variability in course (2) collect comprehensive treatment data related to long term treatment and ..
  43. Developmental Trajectories of Internalizing and Externalizing Symptomatology
    MICHAEL JOHN SULIK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..co-occurrence of aggression and anxiety/depression using data from multiple reporters, and to use measures of temperament and parenting to predict different patterns of symptom development, including co-occurrence, using modern ..
  44. Affect and Cerebral Asymmetry: A Developmental Approach
    Nathan A Fox; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The current proposal draws upon the research literature in four domains: temperament, frontal EEC asymmetry, mother-child interaction and socialization and the role of cognitive processes in the ..
  45. Physiological &Cognitive Pathways from Temperament to Adolescent Depression
    AMY HEATHER MEZULIS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Knowledge about these risk factors is essential for (1) identifying youth at high risk for adolescent-onset depression and (2) developing effective early preventive interventions for these high-risk youth. ..
  46. Convergent Markers of Risk for Psychopathology in Infants and Toddlers
    REBECCA JO BROOKER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Researchers with expertise in neurophysiology, child development, temperament, and psychopathology will serve as mentors...
  47. Identifying Causal Mechanisms in an Emotion-Based Preventive Intervention
    Carroll E Izard; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..as a causal factor in the development of adaptive social behavior;and (4) evaluate the role of child temperament factors, mothers'emotion competence, level of maternal depressive symptoms, and contextual risk factors (..
  48. Trajectories of Behavioral Inhibition and Risk for Anxiety
    Nathan A Fox; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A child's temperament may influence their success or failure in this process...
  49. The Study of Multiple Social Determinants of Young Children's Health
    Cindy A Crusto; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..e., trauma exposure, age, gender, temperament) on the health (i.e...
  50. Omics of Lung Diseases
    Jeffrey A Whitsett; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The training experience and temperament of young investigators choosing medical and biological research are often quite distinct from those choosing ..
  51. Behavioral management of deleterious aggression in rhesus macaques
    Brenda McCowan; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g. group composition, personality and temperament) and external (e.g...
  52. Buffering role of pet dogs on children's HPA stress responses
    Clive D L Wynne; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..hypothesize that across experimental conditions, the buffering effect will be impacted by the child's temperament and attachment to the dog as well as the dog's sociability and responsiveness to the child's gestures...
  53. 2/2 Bending adolescent depression trajectories through personalized prevention
    Benjamin L Hankin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..operate via their hypothesized processes;and (4) explore how genetic susceptibility, emotion regulation, and temperament may affect individual response to IPT-AST and CWS...
  54. Child Coping during Pediatric Oncology Treatment Procedures
    Felicity Harper; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..e., trait affect, temperament, resilience), child behavior problems (i.e...
  55. TRAINING PROGRAM IN EMOTION RESEARCH
    Richard J Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our training program continues to focus on three specific themes: 1. Personality, temperament and individual differences: Lifespan developmental, genetic, cognitive and biological approaches;2...
  56. Development of effortful control, reactivity and symptoms in preschool children
    LYNDSEY MORAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Aspects of children's temperament, or biologically based differences in reactivity and regulation, are often studied in relation to symptoms of psychopathology...
  57. Neural Substrates of Anticipation in Children at Risk for Anxiety
    JACQUELINE ALEXANDRA CLAUSS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..begins during adolescence, and is associated with developmental risk factors, including childhood inhibited temperament. Previous studies have examined neural substrates of social anxiety disorder and inhibited temperament in ..
  58. Relation of GABA Levels in Visual Cortex to Strength of Interocular Suppression
    ROBERT RANDOLPH BLAKE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..statistical technique for testing hypotheses concerning individual differences in personality and temperament, but it has not been used often to relate biological and perceptual markers...
  59. Neurocognitive Risk For Alcoholism Into Adulthood
    ROBERT ALPERT ZUCKER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the Michigan Longitudinal Study, a high risk for alcohol use disorder family study that has been characterizing temperament, behavioral risk and social context since early childhood and neurocognitive risk since early adolescence...
  60. 1/2 Bending Adolescent Depression Trajectories Through Personalized Prevention
    Jami F Young; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..operate via their hypothesized processes;and (4) explore how genetic susceptibility, emotion regulation, and temperament may affect individual response to IPT-AST and CWS...
  61. Injury Prevention in a Home Visitation Population
    Kieran J Phelan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..potential moderators of maternal depressive symptoms, the intensity of supervisory behavior, and child temperament and activity, on the intervention and subsequent injury outcomes...
  62. Poverty: Effects on Neural and Cognitive Development from Birth - 12 Months
    Hallam Hurt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Maternal factors include nutrition, stress, depression, and IQ. Child factors include temperament, growth, and health...
  63. MODELS OF PSYCHOBIOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT
    Martin Reite; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..prevent immunological consequences otherwise seen in separated pigtail monkeys, and whether measures of innate "temperament", as determined by heart rate (HR) measures (after Kagan), measures of CNS amine metabolism, and measures of ..
  64. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Effects on Trajectories of Infants' Vagal Functioning
    Cathi Propper; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..e., temperament) and exogenous (i.e...
  65. EMOTION REGULATION FROM INFANCY TO TODDLERHOOD
    JULIA BRAUNGART RIEKER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Thus, factors such as the child's gender, temperament, cognitive, emerging language development, the developing internal working model of the attachment relationship ..
  66. MATERNAL RESPONSE TO INFANTS-- SIGNAL DETECTION ANALYSIS
    Lewis Leavitt; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Negative emotionality is central to the definition of difficult temperament, together with unreliability and difficulty in being soothed...
  67. Genetics of Monoamine Endophenotypes and Mental Health
    Jeffrey Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..influences on psychiatric disorders, on levels of monoamine neurotransmitters, and on normal variation in temperament related to disease, the specific genes that affect these traits are not well known...
  68. EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNALIZED REGULATORS OF BEHAVIOR
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The applicant?s expertise in temperament, socialization processes, and socioemotional development affords a unique perspective on conscience that ..
  69. Imaging Individual Differences in Amphetamine Effects
    TARA WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Recent placebo controlled studies indicate that the personality or emotional temperament of the individuals exposed to this drug play a role in these effects...
  70. DIMENSIONS OF PERSONALITY IN AFRICAN AMERICAN CHILDREN
    James Victor; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..is the development of a series of instruments that will measure the dimensional structure of personality, temperament, and values of young African-American children from 2 to 12 years of age...
  71. MATERNAL DEPRESSION IN CONTEXT--INFANTS AT RISK
    Alice Carter; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..g., social support, infant temperament) which combine with maternal depression to place infants at risk for problems in social- emotional functioning...
  72. THE DEVELOPMENT OF EMOTIONAL SELF-REGULATION
    James Connell; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..ESR) across the second and third years of life and the relations of ESR to parental behavior and infant temperament. ESR refers to the set of processes involved in the initiation and modulation of both positive and negative ..
  73. Development of social-emotional functioning in children with Williams syndrome
    DANIELA PLESA SKWERER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..focus on how three essential components involved in early socio-affective functioning - attachment relations, temperament, and style of interactive behavior - relate to distinct patterns of social behavior in WS, specifically, to ..
  74. Temperament, Distraction, and Early Vocabulary
    WALLACE DIXON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..of children's receptive and productive vocabularies correlates significantly with specific dimensions of their temperament. Infants and toddlers who are short-attending, socially unapproachable, negative in mood, and relatively ..
  75. Zn & Maternal-Infant Brain Function in S. Ethiopia: Randomized Controlled Trials
    K Hambidge; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..are to determine the effects of maternal and infant zinc (Zn) supplementation on: maternal-infant cognition, temperament and bonding and on pre-and post-natal brain growth...
  76. PSYCHOBIOLOGY AND TEMPERAMENT IN HIGH RISK CHILDREN
    Janet Fairbanks; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..to further understanding of the developmental psychopathology of anxiety disorders through the study of early temperament. The goal is to conduct an in-depth examination of behaviorally inhibited temperament and its biological ..
  77. Vulnerability and Protective Factors for Early Onset
    Thomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Child participants will be drawn from a general school population on the basis of teacher ratings of temperament; participants will be oversampled from the highest 30 percent on the temperament-risk distribution and randomly ..
  78. INDIVIDUAL AND SEX DIFFERENCES IN STRESS REACTIVITY
    Eugene Emory; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Both physiological and behavioral correlates of stress have been associated with infant temperament. Stress responses have generally been examined for inter- measure associations and longitudinal continuity...