Genomes and Genes
Summary: Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.
Publications249 found, 100 shown here
- Personality and health in Japanese older adultsYong Yu
Graduate School of Education and Human Development, University of Nagoya, Nagoya, Japan
Aging Ment Health 12:382-8. 2008..This cross-sectional study examined age and gender differences in Cloninger's biosocial model of personality, as well as their relation to health in a Japanese community sample whose age exceeds 50 years...
- Evaluating the state dependency of the Temperament and Character Inventory dimensions in patients with major depression: a methodological contributionShigeki Hirano
Department of Psychiatry, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Dengakugakubo 1 98, Kutsukake, Toyoake City, Japan 470 1192
J Affect Disord 69:31-8. 2002..Little is known as to whether or not the seven personality dimensions of Cloninger's theory, particularly the three character dimensions newly included in the theory, are independent of the states of depression...
- Prenatal exposure to maternal depression and cortisol influences infant temperamentElysia Poggi Davis
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:737-46. 2007..Few prospective studies of human pregnancy have examined the consequences of prenatal exposure to stress and stress hormones...
- Temperament and character inventory (TCI) and depressionM Hansenne
Psychiatric Unit, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire du Sart Tilnan, Liege, Belgium
J Psychiatr Res 33:31-6. 1999Although several studies have assessed the relationships between the temperament dimensions of the Cloninger model of personality and depression, little is known about the role played by the character dimensions proposed by the seven-..
- Integrating animal temperament within ecology and evolutionDenis Reale
Canada Research Chair in Behavioural Ecology and Groupe de Recherche en Ecologie Comportementale et Animale, Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 82:291-318. 2007b>Temperament describes the idea that individual behavioural differences are repeatable over time and across situations...
- A sib-pair study of the Temperament and Character Inventory scales in major depressionAnne Farmer
Medical Research Council, Social Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, England
Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:490-6. 2003..A sib-pair method has been used to examine the familiality of the 7 scales of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and whether this could be related to the genetic vulnerability to develop ..
- Parental depression and child temperament: assessing child to parent effects in a longitudinal population studyLucy Hanington
University of Oxford Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Headington, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
Infant Behav Dev 33:88-95. 2010Current research supports a link between maternal depression and difficult child temperament. The direction of effect is often assumed to be from parent to child, but few studies have addressed child to parent effects...
- Childhood temperament and long-term sickness absence in adult lifeMax Henderson
Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, Department of Psychological Medicine, Weston Education Centre, Cutcombe Road, London SE5 9RJ, UK
Br J Psychiatry 194:220-3. 2009Little is known as to whether childhood temperament is associated with long-term sickness absence in adult life.
- Cloninger's temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with major depressive disorderFeryal Cam Celikel
Department of Psychiatry, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, 60100 Tokat, Turkey
Compr Psychiatry 50:556-61. 2009..outpatients (67 women, 14 men) and 51 healthy controls (35 women, 16 men) filled out the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)...
- A common allele in the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) impacts prosocial temperament and human hypothalamic-limbic structure and functionHeike Tost
Clinical Brain Disorders Branch, Genes, Cognition, and Psychosis Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:13936-41. 2010..human subjects to identify structural and functional alterations in OXTR risk allele carriers and their link to temperament. Activation and interregional coupling of the amygdala during the processing of emotionally salient social cues ..
- Temperament and character during the course of unipolar depression among inpatientsJ Richter
Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitat Rostock, Germany
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 250:40-7. 2000..g. self-directedness and cooperativeness) of the patients classified into these groups both at admission and at discharge compared with their healthy counterparts...
- Character and temperament in major depressive disorder and a highly anxious-retarded subtype derived from melancholiaRemco F P de Winter
Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands
Compr Psychiatry 48:426-35. 2007..As 2 character dimensions of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), self-directedness (SD) and cooperativeness, parsimoniously predict the presence ..
- Normative data and factorial structure of the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character InventorySamet Kose
Medical University of South Carolina, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
Compr Psychiatry 50:361-8. 2009..model of personality accounts for both normal and abnormal variation in 2 major personality components: temperament and character...
- Maternal trait anxiety, depression and life event stress in pregnancy: relationships with infant temperamentMarie Paule Austin
School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Prince of Wales Hospital, High Street Randwick 2031, Sydney, Australia
Early Hum Dev 81:183-90. 2005To assess whether links exist between maternal trait anxiety (STAI), perceived life event (LE) stress and depression (Edinburgh scale) and infant temperament.
- Temperament and depressive symptoms: a population-based longitudinal study on Cloninger's psychobiological temperament modelMarko Elovainio
Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, PO Box 9, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
J Affect Disord 83:227-32. 2004This study examined whether temperament dimensions, as indicated by Cloninger's psychobiological model [Cloninger, C.R., Svrakic, D.M., Przybeck, T.R., 1993. A psychobiological model of temperament and character. Arch. Gen...
- Validation and normative studies of the Brazilian Portuguese and American versions of the Temperament and Character Inventory - Revised (TCI-R)Daniel Maffasioli Goncalves
Department of Epidemiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
J Affect Disord 124:126-33. 2010The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was first described in 1993. It was designed to measure the character and temperament dimensions of Cloninger's model of personality using a true-false response format...
- Gender differences in temperament: a meta-analysisNicole M Else-Quest
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Psychol Bull 132:33-72. 2006..to estimate the magnitude of gender differences in mean level and variability of 35 dimensions and 3 factors of temperament in children ages 3 months to 13 years...
- Full syndrome and subthreshold attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a Korean community sample: comorbidity and temperament findingsSoo Churl Cho
Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 18:447-57. 2009..The main objective of this study was to investigate the comorbid disorders and temperamental profiles of full syndrome and subthreshold attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
- Temperament, character, and personality disorders: etiologic, diagnostic, treatment issuesD M Svrakic
Department of Psychiatry and Center for Psychobiology of Personality, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Acta Psychiatr Scand 106:189-95. 2002..underlying dimensional structure of personality disorder, propose a novel approach to its diagnosis, and outline our concepts of its etiology and treatment based on the seven factor psychobiological model of temperament and character.
- Temperament and personality dimensions in suicidal and nonsuicidal psychiatric inpatientsMaurizio Pompili
Department of Psychiatry, Sant Andrea Hospital, La Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
Psychopathology 41:313-21. 2008..Suicide is a serious public health problem. In the international literature there is evidence to support the notion that certain temperaments and personality traits are often associated with suicidal behavior...
- Behavioral inhibition: linking biology and behavior within a developmental frameworkNathan A Fox
Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 56:235-62. 2005Behavioral inhibition refers to a temperament or style of reacting that some infants and young children exhibit when confronted with novel situations or unfamiliar adults or peers...
- Infant joint attention, temperament, and social competence in preschool childrenAmy Vaughan Van Hecke
University of Miami, USA
Child Dev 78:53-69. 2007..were related to 30-month social competence and externalizing behavior, even when accounting for 15-month temperament ratings, 24-month cognition and language, and demographic variables...
- Differential amygdalar response to novel versus newly familiar neutral faces: a functional MRI probe developed for studying inhibited temperamentCarl E Schwartz
Developmental Psychopathology Research Group (CES, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown 02129, USA
Biol Psychiatry 53:854-62. 2003..We propose that this experimental paradigm will be useful for examining brain responses to novelty in different temperamental groups, as well as various psychiatric disorders...
- Paternal psychiatric disorders and children's psychosocial developmentPaul Ramchandani
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Lancet 374:646-53. 2009..Improved paternal mental health is likely to improve children's wellbeing and life course...
- Linking gene, brain, and behavior: DRD4, frontal asymmetry, and temperamentLouis A Schmidt
Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
Psychol Sci 20:831-7. 2009..important role, this conceptual approach has not been empirically applied in the study of early-developing temperament in humans. Here we report evidence for a gene-endoenvironment (i.e...
- Temperament and character profiles of patients with tension-type headache and migraineCavit Boz
Department of Neurology, Medical Faculty of Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 58:536-43. 2004The aim of this present study was to evaluate the temperament and character profiles of persons with tension-type headache (TTH) and migraine, and to compare the results with those of healthy controls...
- Serotonin transporter availability in the amygdala and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis predicts anxious temperament and brain glucose metabolic activityJonathan A Oler
Departments of Psychiatry, HealthEmotions Research Institute, University of Wisconsin Madison, 53719, USA
J Neurosci 29:9961-6. 2009..performed in 34 rhesus monkeys in which the relationship between regional brain glucose metabolism and anxious temperament was previously established...
- Impact of temperament on depression and anxiety symptoms and depressive disorder in a population-based birth cohortEmma Nyman
Public Health Genomics Unit, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland FIMM, University of Helsinki and National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
J Affect Disord 131:393-7. 2011The aim of this study was to characterize at the population level how innate features of temperament relate to experience of depressive mood and anxiety, and whether these symptoms have separable temperamental backgrounds.
- Amygdalar and hippocampal substrates of anxious temperament differ in their heritabilityJonathan A Oler
Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53719, USA
Nature 466:864-8. 2010Anxious temperament (AT) in human and non-human primates is a trait-like phenotype evident early in life that is characterized by increased behavioural and physiological reactivity to mildly threatening stimuli...
- Temperament and character among Korean children and adolescents with anxiety disordersSoo Churl Cho
Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 18:60-4. 2009The purpose of this study was to evaluate the temperament and character of children and adolescents with anxiety disorders in samples from Korean community...
- Mothers' personality and its interaction with child temperament as predictors of parenting behaviorL A Clark
Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 79:274-85. 2000..The longitudinal links established between personality and parenting behaviors indicate the predictive utility of personality. Findings also highlight the bidirectionality of the early parent-child relationship...
- Corticotropin-releasing hormone during pregnancy is associated with infant temperamentElysia Poggi Davis
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA 92677, USA
Dev Neurosci 27:299-305. 2005..In this study, the effects of placental CRH on infant temperament were examined in a sample of 248 full-term infants...
- The reliability and validity of the junior temperament and character inventoryIn Kyoon Lyoo
Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Hospital, 28 Yongun-dong, Chongro-gu, Seoul 110-744, South Korea
Compr Psychiatry 45:121-8. 2004The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory (Junior TCI), a child and adolescent version of the Adult Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), which is based ..
- The Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R): psychometric characteristics of the French versionA Pelissolo
Psychiatry Department and CNRS UMR 7593, Hopital Pitie Salpetriere, AP HP, Paris, France
Acta Psychiatr Scand 112:126-33. 2005To explore the psychometric characteristics of a modified version of the Cloninger's personality questionnaire, the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R).
- An Australian validation study of the temperament and character inventoryG Parker
School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, and Mood Disorders Unit, Black Dog Institute, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia
Acta Psychiatr Scand 108:359-66. 2003To assess the validity of the temperament and character inventory (TCI) measure in an Australian sample.
- Psychometric properties of the temperament and character inventory-revised (TCI-R) in a Belgian sampleMichel Hansenne
Department of Cognitive Sciences, University of Liege, Belgium
J Pers Assess 85:40-9. 2005The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI; Cloninger, Przybeck, Svrakic, & Wetzel, 1994) is a self-questionnaire developed to assess the 7 dimensions of personality described by Cloninger et al. (1994) with a total of 29 subscales...
- The psychobiological theory of temperament and character: comment on Farmer and Goldberg (2008)C Robert Cloninger
Washington University, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Psychol Assess 20:292-9; discussion 300-4. 2008The revised Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-R) is the third stage of development of a widely used multiscale personality inventory that began with the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) and then the Temperament and ..
- Temperament and character in women with postpartum depressionA Josefsson
Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
Arch Womens Ment Health 10:3-7. 2007..To investigate whether women with postpartum depression differ in personality traits from healthy postpartum women, healthy controls from the normal Swedish population and non-postpartum women with major depression...
- Temperament and character in primary insomniaZara de Saint Hilaire
Sleep Laboratory, University Hospital of Geneva, Belle Idee, 2 chemin Petit Bel Air, 1225, Chene Bourg, Switzerland
Eur Psychiatry 20:188-92. 2005Recent studies by Cloninger suggest that the temperament dimension of harm avoidance might be related to serotonergic activity...
- Factor validity of the temperament and character inventory in patients with major depressionT Sato
Department of Psychiatry, Munich University, Munich, Germany
Compr Psychiatry 42:337-41. 2001Cloninger has proposed a seven-factor psychobiological model of personality and has developed the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) to measure four temperament dimensions and three character dimensions...
- Early maladaptive schemas, temperament and character traits in clinically depressed and previously depressed subjectsMarianne Halvorsen
Department of Psychology, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway
Clin Psychol Psychother 16:394-407. 2009The Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ) and the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) have been suggested as vulnerability markers for depression...
- Temperament and character predictors of depressed mood over a 4-year intervalRichard F Farmer
Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
Depress Anxiety 26:371-81. 2009..The present research sought to clarify the contributions of personality to an understanding of the development, course, and maintenance of depressed mood over time...
- Temperament and novelty seeking in adolescent substance use: convergence of dimensions of temperament with constructs from Cloninger's theoryT A Wills
Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 74:387-406. 1998This study investigated the convergence of temperament dimensions with constructs from C. R. Cloninger's (1987a) theory using data from a sample of 949 adolescents (M age = 13.6 years)...
- Temperament and character profile of eating disorders: a controlled study with the Temperament and Character InventorySecondo Fassino
Department of Neurosciences, Psychiatry Section, Service for Eating Disorders, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
Int J Eat Disord 32:412-25. 2002..A way to face this problem is to examine the personality traits underlying these disorders...
- Temperament, stress reactivity, and coping:implications for depression in childhood and adolescenceBruce E Compas
Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 33:21-31. 2004This article considers the role of temperament in the development of depression during childhood and adolescence...
- Temperament and character traits in major depressive disorder: influence of mood state and recurrence of episodesFabiano G Nery
Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio UTHSCSA, San Antonio, Texas, USA
Depress Anxiety 26:382-8. 2009....
- Investigations of temperament at three to seven years: the Children's Behavior QuestionnaireM K Rothbart
Dept of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403 1227, USA
Child Dev 72:1394-408. 2001..and validity of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ), and presents CBQ data on the structure of temperament in childhood...
- Prenatal stress and cognitive development and temperament in infantsJan K Buitelaar
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Medical Center Utrecht, P O Box 85500, Utrecht 3508 GA, The Netherlands
Neurobiol Aging 24:S53-60; discussion S67-8. 2003..Increased maternal stress during pregnancy seems to be one of the determinants of temperamental variation and delay of development of infants and may be a risk factor for developing psychopathology later in life...
- Temperament related to early-onset substance use: test of a developmental modelT A Wills
Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology of Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York, USA
Prev Sci 2:145-63. 2001..A sample of 1,810 public school students was surveyed in sixth grade (M age 11.5 years) and seventh grade. Temperament dimensions were related to substance use, and structural modeling analyses showed indirect effects through self-..
- Typus melancholicus and the Temperament and Character Inventory personality dimensions in patients with major depressionS Kimura
Department of Psychiatry, Kyoto First Red Cross Hospital, Japan
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 54:181-9. 2000..the rigidity subscale of the Munich Personality Test, and maladaptive personality features, as measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), in 131 remitted patients with DSM-IV major depression and 154 normal controls...
- Human personality dimensions of persistence and harm avoidance associated with DRD4 and 5-HTTLPR polymorphismsA Szekely
Department of Experimental Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Eotvos Lorand University, Izabella u 46, Budapest 1064, Hungary
Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 126:106-10. 2004The associations of human personality traits as measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) with two genetic polymorphisms, the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene exon III repeat polymorphism (VNTR) and the serotonin ..
- Relationship of type 1 cannabinoid receptor availability in the human brain to novelty-seeking temperamentKoen Van Laere
Division of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:196-204. 2009..Positron emission tomography using fluorine 18-labeled MK-9470 now enables quantification of type 1 cannabinoid receptors (CB1R) in the brain...
- Predictors of postpartum depression: an updateC T Beck
School of Nursing, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269, USA
Nurs Res 50:275-85. 2001..Approximately 13% of women experience postpartum depression. Early recognition is one of the most difficult challenges with this mood disorder because of how covertly it is suffered...
- Behavioral reactivity and approach-withdrawal bias in infancyAmie Ashley Hane
Department of Psychology, Williams College, Bronfman Science Center, Williamstown, MA 01267, USA
Dev Psychol 44:1491-6. 2008..and positive (n = 73) reactivity and an unselected control group (n = 86) were administered the Laboratory Temperament Assessment Battery, and baseline electroencephalogram data were collected...
- Tolerance allows bonobos to outperform chimpanzees on a cooperative taskBrian Hare
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Curr Biol 17:619-23. 2007..These results support the emotional-reactivity hypothesis. Selection on temperament may in part explain the variance in cooperative ability across species, including hominoids.
- The developmental origins of cognitive vulnerability to depression: temperament, parenting, and negative life events in childhood as contributors to negative cognitive styleAmy H Mezulis
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI, USA
Dev Psychol 42:1012-25. 2006..The authors hypothesized that temperament, parenting, and negative life events in childhood would contribute to the development of cognitive style, with ..
- Temperament and satisfaction with health status among persons with rheumatoid arthritisChin Yin Chou
School of Nursing, The University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Clin Nurse Spec 19:94-100. 2005..Research has demonstrated links between temperament and health outcomes...
- Conceptual relations between anxiety disorder and fearful temperamentRonald M Rapee
Department of Psychology, and Centre for Emotional Health, Macquarie University in Australia
New Dir Child Adolesc Dev 2010:17-31. 2010..However, descriptions of fearful temperament and several forms of anxiety disorder show strong similarities...
- Temperament in young adulthood and later mortality: prospective observational studyP McCarron
N Ireland Cancer Registry, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, The Queen s University of Belfast, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 57:888-92. 2003To determine the association between a clinician assessment of temperament in early adulthood and cause specific mortality.
- The relationship of parenting stress and child temperament to language development among economically disadvantaged preschoolersMelanie Noel
Psychology Department, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
J Child Lang 35:823-43. 2008..may be related to language skills in 56 low SES mother-child dyads (children aged 2; 8-4; 10), namely child temperament and parenting stress...
- The contribution of temperament and character to schizotypy multidimensionalityEnrico Daneluzzo
, Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale, 67100 L'Aquila, Italy
Compr Psychiatry 46:50-5. 2005..The psychobiologic model of the structure of personality accounts for dimensions of both temperament and character...
- Relation of neonatal iron status to individual variability in neonatal temperamentTheodore D Wachs
Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
Dev Psychobiol 46:141-53. 2005The relation between indices of neonatal iron status and individual differences in neonatal temperament were investigated in a sample of 148 low-income Peruvian women and their newborn infants...
- Role of the primate orbitofrontal cortex in mediating anxious temperamentNed H Kalin
Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, Wisconsin 53719 1176, USA
Biol Psychiatry 62:1134-9. 2007Excessive behavioral inhibition during childhood marks anxious temperament and is a risk factor for the development of anxiety and affective disorders...
- Normative data and factor structure of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) in the French versionA Pelissolo
Department of Psychiatry, Hopital Fernand Widal, AP HP, 200 rue du Faubourg Saint Denis, 75010, Paris, France
Psychiatry Res 94:67-76. 2000We explored the psychometric features of the French Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) in a 602-subject community sample (263 men and 339 women), representative of the French population...
- The proposed factor structure of temperament and personality in Japan: combining traits from TEMPS-A and MPTTsuyoshi Akiyama
Department of Neuropsychiatry, Kanto Medical Center NTT EC, Tokyo, Japan
J Affect Disord 85:93-100. 2005..descriptions on four "fundamental states" of manic depressive illness, the concepts of schizoid temperament by Kretschmer and obsessional and melancholic type temperament by Shimoda and Tellenbach have been widely ..
- Temperament trait of sensory processing sensitivity moderates cultural differences in neural responseArthur Aron
Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794 2500, USA
Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 5:219-26. 2010This study focused on a possible temperament-by-culture interaction...
- Temperament profiles in physicians, lawyers, managers, industrialists, architects, journalists, and artists: a study in psychiatric outpatientsKareen K Akiskal
International Mood Center, San Diego (USA) and French Depressive and Manic-Depressive Association, Rennes, France
J Affect Disord 85:201-6. 2005..With the possible exception of cyclothymia in artists, there is a paucity of data in the literature on the temperament in different professions...
- Temperament and character personality dimensions in patients with nonspecific musculoskeletal disordersEva Britt Malmgren-Olsson
Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Umea University, S 901 87 Umea, Sweden
Clin J Pain 22:625-31. 2006The aim of this study was to investigate temperament and character dimensions in a group of patients with nonspecific musculoskeletal disorders and to show how personality is related to pain and psychologic distress in pain patients.
- Interactions between maternal characteristics and neonatal behavior in the prediction of parenting stress and perception of infant temperamentStephen J Sheinkopf
Brown Medical School, Bradley Hospital, 1011 Veterans Memorial Parkway, East Providence, Rhode Island 02915, USA
J Pediatr Psychol 31:27-40. 2006Prenatal cocaine exposure is a marker of developmental risk. Social environmental risk factors may include maternal stress and maternal perceptions of difficult infant temperament.
- Temperament and risk for depressive symptoms in adolescence: mediation by rumination and moderation by effortful controlKatrien Verstraeten
Dept of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
J Abnorm Child Psychol 37:349-61. 2009The present study examined the relations between temperament, ruminative response style and depressive symptoms both cross-sectionally and prospectively (1 year follow-up) in a community sample of 304 seventh- through tenth-graders...
- Genetic and environmental influences on the junior temperament and character inventory in a preadolescent twin sampleJoshua D Isen
Department of Psychology, SGM 501, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 1061, USA
Behav Genet 39:36-47. 2009This study evaluated the genetic and environmental structure of personality variables from the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory (JTCI), in 605 pairs of 9- and 10-year old twins...
- Maternal cognitions, psychopathologic symptoms, and infant temperament as predictors of early infant feeding problems: a longitudinal studyClaire Farrow
School of Psychology, Dorothy Hodgkin Building, Keele University, Straffordshire, UK
Int J Eat Disord 39:128-34. 2006The current study examined the contribution of prenatal and postnatal maternal core beliefs, self-esteem, psychopathologic symptoms, and postnatal infant temperament to the prediction of infant feeding difficulties.
- What is the effect of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors on temperament and character in patients with fibromyalgia?Marianna Mazza
Institute of Psychiatry, Catholic University of Sacred Heart of Rome, Largo F Vito 1, Rome 00168, Italy
Compr Psychiatry 50:240-4. 2009..personality questionnaire proposed by Cloninger and to determine possible changes in the Italian version of the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised patterns of patients with FM after therapy with serotoninergic antidepressants (..
- Temperament and risky behaviors: a pathway to HIV?David J Moore
San Diego State University University of California, San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
J Affect Disord 85:191-200. 2005..Because dispositional characteristics are likely to influence this process, we examined the association between temperament and HIV serostatus in subjects with heavy use of drugs and various sexual risk behaviors.
- The temperament and character inventory in women with migraineFranco Mongini
Department of Clinical Pathophysiology, Headache and Facial Pain Unit, University of Turin, Corso Dogliotti 14, I 10126, Turin, Italy
J Headache Pain 6:247-9. 2005The purpose of this work was to investigate: (1) the differences in temperament and character between 49 women with migraine and 49 controls using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), and (2) the extent to which these ..
- Comparison of temperament and character profiles of anesthesiologists and surgeons: a preliminary studyS Mitra
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India
Indian J Med Sci 57:431-6. 2003..Given the high levels of stress in anesthesiologists and also their close working liaison with surgeons, it may be worthwhile to compare the personality profiles of these two groups of professionals...
- Prenatal maternal stress, prenatal fetal movements and perinatal temperament factors influence behavior and school marks at the age of 6 yearsHelmut Niederhofer
Ospedale Generale di Bolzano, Divisione di Pediatria, Servizio di Neuropsichiatria infantile e d adolescenza, Bolzano, Italy
Fetal Diagn Ther 19:160-2. 2004Niederhofer showed in 1994 that maternal stress during pregnancy seemed to be associated with temperament in early childhood...
- Patterns of temperament and character in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder and their association with symptom severitySujung J Yoon
Department of Psychiatry, St Paul s Hospital and College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 150 713, Republic of Korea
Compr Psychiatry 50:226-31. 2009The aim of this study was to identify the patterns of temperament and character of patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and to explore the relationship between the patterns of temperament and character and PTSD symptoms ..
- Infant temperament and maternal anxiety and depressed mood in the early postpartum periodJohn R Britton
Department of Neonatology, Kaiser Permanente, Denver, Colorado 80218, USA
Women Health 51:55-71. 2011Although difficult infant temperament has been associated with maternal postpartum anxiety and depressed mood in later infancy, the emergence of this association in the early postpartum period has not been explored...
- Sleep disturbances and teacher ratings of school achievement and temperament in childrenOliviero Bruni
Department of Developmental Neurology and Psychiatry, Center for Pediatric Sleep Disorders, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Sabelli 108, 00185 Rome, Italy
Sleep Med 7:43-8. 2006The current study examined the relationships between academic achievement, sleep, temperament and demographic-historical data in school-age children.
- Responses of horses in behavioural tests correlate with temperament assessed by ridersE K Visser
Department of Equine Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, PO Box 80.163, NL-3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
Equine Vet J 35:176-83. 2003REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Behavioural tests as well as observers' ratings have been used to study horses' temperament. However, the relationship between the ratings and the responses in behavioural tests has not yet been studied in ..
- Associations between Cloninger's temperament dimensions and acute tobacco withdrawalAdam M Leventhal
Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University, Box G S121, Providence, RI 02912, USA
Addict Behav 32:2976-89. 2007This study examined associations between three temperament dimensions measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory-125 [Cloninger, C.R. (1992). The Temperament and Character Inventory-125 (TCI-125; Version 1...
- [Temperament and character profiles of female adolescent patients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa]Anne Hueg
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother 34:127-37. 2006..The German version of the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory (JTCI) was administered to 29 patients with anorexia nervosa, restricting type (AN-R), ..
- Rural temperament and character: a new perspective on retention of rural doctorsDiann Eley
School of Medicine Rural Clinical Division, University of Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia
Aust J Rural Health 16:12-22. 2008..The overall aim is to describe how individual levels and combinations of temperament (mildly heritable) and character (influenced by sociocultural learning) traits allow GPs to flourish or fail in ..
- The impact of ADHD and autism spectrum disorders on temperament, character, and personality developmentHenrik Anckarsater
Malmo University Hospital, Forensic Psychiatric Clinic, Sege Park 8A, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
Am J Psychiatry 163:1239-44. 2006..The authors describe personality development and disorders in relation to symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorders...
- Assessment and diagnosis of personality disorder: perennial issues and an emerging reconceptualizationLee Anna Clark
Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 58:227-57. 2007..A new model for assessing PD-and perhaps all psychopathology-emerges from integrating these interrelated reconceptualizations...
- Psychometric analysis of the Chinese version of Social Adaptation Self-evaluation Scale (C-SASS)Wai S Tse
Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Aves, Hong Kong
Psychiatry Res 153:277-81. 2007..translated version of the SASS was validated in 208 healthy volunteers, who were also evaluated with the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
- [Association of temperament, character and depressive symptoms with clinical features of the ischaemic heart disease]Alina Borkowska
Zakładu Neuropsychologii Klinicznej, Collegium Medicum w Bydgoszczy Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Wiad Lek 60:209-14. 2007The aim of this study was to assess the associations between temperament and character, depressive symptoms and the intensity and the course of ischaemic heart disease.
- Temperament and character dimensions in opiate addicts: comparing subjects who completed inpatient treatment in therapeutic communities vs. incompletersR Zoccali
Unit of Psychiatry, Department of Neurosciences, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 33:707-15. 2007..all resident in therapeutic communities and screened to exclude Axis I disorders, were assessed using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)...
- Evaluating models of the personality-psychopathology relationship in children and adolescentsJennifer L Tackett
University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Department of Psychology, 75 E River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Clin Psychol Rev 26:584-99. 2006..Finally, clinical implications and future directions are proposed for research on personality and psychopathology in children...
- The relationship between temperament and character and psychopathology in community children with overweightJun Won Hwang
Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
J Dev Behav Pediatr 27:18-24. 2006This study investigated the relationship between temperament and character and psychopathology in at risk of overweight and overweight children...
- [A comparative study of two methods of personality assessment, the TCI and the NVM (Dutch shortened version of the MMPI)]M A Bosscha
Dagziekenhuis, Afdeling Psychiatrie, Universitair Medisch Centrum Groningen
Tijdschr Psychiatr 48:435-44. 2006..AIM: To find out whether the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) can serve as an alternative to the NVM...
- Personality in schizophrenia assessed with the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)Hiroaki Hori
Department of Mental Disorder Research, National Institute of Neuroscience, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, 4 1 1 Ogawahigashi, Kodaira, Tokyo, Japan
Psychiatry Res 160:175-83. 2008The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a well-established self-report questionnaire measuring four temperament and three character dimensions...
- Personality in patients with migraine evaluated with the "Temperament and Character Inventory"S Sánchez-Román
Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, National Institute of Medical Sciences and Nutrition Salvador Zubiran, Vasco de Quiroga 15, Colonia Seccion XVI, Delegacion Tlalpan, Mexico, DF CP 14000, Mexico
J Headache Pain 8:94-104. 2007..of this study was to assess the personality profile of a sample of Mexican patients with migraine using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)...
- An attempt to understand the paradox of anorexia nervosa without drive for thinnessGiovanni Abbate Daga
Department of Neurosciences, Section of Psychiatry, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
Psychiatry Res 149:215-21. 2007..Subjects completed the following self-administered questionnaires: Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (EDI-2), Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI), and Beck Depression Inventory (..
- Inter-correlations between Cloninger's temperament dimensions-- a meta-analysisJouko Miettunen
Department of Psychiatry, Oulu University and Oulu University Hospital, PO Box 5000, Oulu, Finland
Psychiatry Res 160:106-14. 2008The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was developed to measure the following temperament dimensions: novelty seeking (NS), harm avoidance (HA), reward dependence (RD) and persistence (P)...
- Personality changes in women recovering from substance-related dependencePatricia D Borman
University of Texas South Western Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA
J Addict Dis 25:59-66. 2006The present study explored the potential for change in personality in women in recovery. Dimensions of the Temperament and Character Model and the five-factor model of personality were examined at baseline and at follow-up after ..
- The impact of gender, depression, and personality on cravingMonica L Zilberman
Department of Psychiatry, University of Sao Paulo, SP, 05435 030, Brazil
J Addict Dis 26:79-84. 2007..substance dependence were investigated regarding the association between personality factors (assessed by the Temperament and Character Inventory), depressive/anxiety symptomatology (assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory and the ..
- Clinical, psychological and personality features related to age of onset of anorexia nervosaG Abbate Daga
Department of Neurosciences, Section of Psychiatry, University of Turin Eating Disorders Center, Ospedale San Giovanni Battista Molinette, Turin, Italy
Psychopathology 40:261-8. 2007..SAMPLING AND METHOD: We assessed 250 outpatients with AN with the Temperament and Character Inventory, the Eating Disorder Inventory 2, the Beck Depression Inventory and the Body Shape ..
- Trajectories of externalizing behavior from age 2 to age 9: relations with gender, temperament, ethnicity, parenting, and raterJennifer L Miner
Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, School of Social Ecology, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92627, USA
Dev Psychol 44:771-86. 2008..predicted by the following factors: child male gender (for caregiver/teacher reports only), infant difficult temperament (for children with harsh mothers only), harsher maternal attitude toward discipline, higher level of maternal ..
- State and trait in personality disordersJames Reich
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Stanford Univerity, CA, USA
Ann Clin Psychiatry 19:37-44. 2007..It has been noticed by a number of authors and researchers that at times personality pathology can be quite variable and not fit that model...
- Internalization of Moral Standards in Young ChildrenGrazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2005..parent-child dyads for the early development of children's conscience, (2) To examine the role of children's temperament in the development of conscience, alone and in the interplay with early relationships, (3) To explore parent-..
- PROJECT CARE--COCAINE ABUSE IN THE RURAL ENVIRONMENTFONDA EYLER; Fiscal Year: 1993..on the developing child of crack use, maternal and neonatal heath status, infant neurobehavioral status and temperament, maternal factors, and the caregiving environment; (2) determination of dose response effects of prenatal crack ..
- Young Children's Self-Regulation in an Urban Context: A Multilevel AnalysisRACHEL ANNE RAZZA; Fiscal Year: 2010Effortful control (EC), which reflects the self-regulatory aspect of early childhood temperament, develops considerably in the first five years of life...
- Developmental Pathways to Antisocial Behavior: A Translational Research ProgramGrazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2010..Conscience develops in an intricate interplay among child temperament, social relationships, and family ecology...
- EMOTION REGULATION FROM INFANCY TO TODDLERHOODJULIA BRAUNGART RIEKER; Fiscal Year: 2002..Thus, factors such as the child's gender, temperament, cognitive, emerging language development, the developing internal working model of the attachment relationship ..
- Developmental Pathways to Antisocial Behavior: A Translational Research ProgramGrazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2009..Conscience develops in an intricate interplay among child temperament, social relationships, and family ecology...
- Developmental Pathways to Antisocial Behavior: A Translational Research ProgramGrazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2007..Conscience develops in an intricate interplay among child temperament, social relationships, and family ecology...
- PRECURSORS OF RETARDATION IN CHILDREN WITH TEEN MOTHERSJohn Borkowski; Fiscal Year: 2005..cognitive readiness, socioemotional adjustment, parenting behaviors, and early child characteristics such as temperament and attachment status...
- MATERNAL RESPONSE TO INFANTS-- SIGNAL DETECTION ANALYSISLewis Leavitt; Fiscal Year: 2004..Negative emotionality is central to the definition of difficult temperament, together with unreliability and difficulty in being soothed...
- Genetics of Monoamine Endophenotypes and Mental HealthJeffrey Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2006..influences on psychiatric disorders, on levels of monoamine neurotransmitters, and on normal variation in temperament related to disease, the specific genes that affect these traits are not well known...
- EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNALIZED REGULATORS OF BEHAVIORGrazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2006..The applicant?s expertise in temperament, socialization processes, and socioemotional development affords a unique perspective on conscience that ..
- Imaging Individual Differences in Amphetamine EffectsTARA WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2003..Recent placebo controlled studies indicate that the personality or emotional temperament of the individuals exposed to this drug play a role in these effects...
- Temperament and Developmental PsychopathologyDavid Rettew; Fiscal Year: 2007..David Rettew, as an independent investigator in the contribution of child/parent temperament in developmental psychopathology...
- EFFECTS OF PRENATAL COCAINE USE: 15-YEAR FOLLOW-UPGALE RICHARDSON; Fiscal Year: 2007..also a significant interaction between age and prenatal exposure, showing a significant increase in difficult temperament between 1 and 3 years among the cocaine-exposed children...
- Subtypes and Associated Risk Factors in StutteringEhud Yairi; Fiscal Year: 2004..are genetically based and environmentally shaped, reflecting differences in language, motor, and personality/temperament dynamics, manifested in varied symptom patterns...
- Development of social-emotional functioning in children with Williams syndromeDANIELA PLESA SKWERER; Fiscal Year: 2007..focus on how three essential components involved in early socio-affective functioning - attachment relations, temperament, and style of interactive behavior - relate to distinct patterns of social behavior in WS, specifically, to ..
- Temperament, Distraction, and Early VocabularyWALLACE DIXON; Fiscal Year: 2003..of children's receptive and productive vocabularies correlates significantly with specific dimensions of their temperament. Infants and toddlers who are short-attending, socially unapproachable, negative in mood, and relatively ..
- Zn & Maternal-Infant Brain Function in S. Ethiopia: Randomized Controlled TrialsK Hambidge; Fiscal Year: 2007..are to determine the effects of maternal and infant zinc (Zn) supplementation on: maternal-infant cognition, temperament and bonding and on pre-and post-natal brain growth...
- Zn & Maternal-Infant Brain Function in S. Ethiopia: Randomized Controlled TrialsK Hambidge; Fiscal Year: 2009..are to determine the effects of maternal and infant zinc (Zn) supplementation on: maternal-infant cognition, temperament and bonding and on pre-and post-natal brain growth...
- Affect and Cerebral Asymmetry: A Developmental ApproachNATHAN FOX; Fiscal Year: 2007..The current proposal draws upon the research literature in four domains: temperament, frontal EEC asymmetry, mother-child interaction and socialization and the role of cognitive processes in the ..
- Vulnerability and Protective Factors for Early OnsetThomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2006..Child participants will be drawn from a general school population on the basis of teacher ratings of temperament; participants will be oversampled from the highest 30 percent on the temperament-risk distribution and randomly ..
- PSYCHOBIOLOGY AND TEMPERAMENT IN HIGH RISK CHILDRENJanet Fairbanks; Fiscal Year: 2002..to further understanding of the developmental psychopathology of anxiety disorders through the study of early temperament. The goal is to conduct an in-depth examination of behaviorally inhibited temperament and its biological ..
- Biobehavioral Characterization of Infant Rhesus MonkeysJohn P Capitanio; Fiscal Year: 2010..research with rodents, nonhuman primates, and humans have documented the existence of individual differences in temperament, emotionality, behavioral and physiological reactivity, and personality, which we refer to as biobehavioral ..
- Biobehavioral Characterization of Infant Rhesus MonkeysJohn Capitanio; Fiscal Year: 2009..research with rodents, nonhuman primates, and humans have documented the existence of individual differences in temperament, emotionality, behavioral and physiological reactivity, and personality, which we refer to as biobehavioral ..