Genomes and Genes
Summary: Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.
Publications324 found, 100 shown here
- Temperament, character, and personality disordersS M de la Rie
Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
J Pers Disord 12:362-72. 1998This study compares two self-report instruments--the Dutch version of Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and the Questionnaire on Personality Traits (VKP)--in a Dutch sample of 148 people in a healthy population...
- Integrating animal temperament within ecology and evolutionDenis Reale
Canada Research Chair in Behavioural Ecology and Groupe de Recherche en Ecologie Comportementale et Animale, Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 82:291-318. 2007b>Temperament describes the idea that individual behavioural differences are repeatable over time and across situations...
- Investigations of temperament at three to seven years: the Children's Behavior QuestionnaireM K Rothbart
Dept of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403 1227, USA
Child Dev 72:1394-408. 2001..and validity of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ), and presents CBQ data on the structure of temperament in childhood...
- A common allele in the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) impacts prosocial temperament and human hypothalamic-limbic structure and functionHeike Tost
Clinical Brain Disorders Branch, Genes, Cognition, and Psychosis Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:13936-41. 2010..human subjects to identify structural and functional alterations in OXTR risk allele carriers and their link to temperament. Activation and interregional coupling of the amygdala during the processing of emotionally salient social cues ..
- Temperament and character inventory (TCI) and depressionM Hansenne
Psychiatric Unit, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire du Sart Tilnan, Liege, Belgium
J Psychiatr Res 33:31-6. 1999Although several studies have assessed the relationships between the temperament dimensions of the Cloninger model of personality and depression, little is known about the role played by the character dimensions proposed by the seven-..
- Evaluating the state dependency of the Temperament and Character Inventory dimensions in patients with major depression: a methodological contributionShigeki Hirano
Department of Psychiatry, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Dengakugakubo 1 98, Kutsukake, Toyoake City, Japan 470 1192
J Affect Disord 69:31-8. 2002..Little is known as to whether or not the seven personality dimensions of Cloninger's theory, particularly the three character dimensions newly included in the theory, are independent of the states of depression...
- Prenatal exposure to maternal depression and cortisol influences infant temperamentElysia Poggi Davis
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:737-46. 2007..Few prospective studies of human pregnancy have examined the consequences of prenatal exposure to stress and stress hormones...
- A sib-pair study of the Temperament and Character Inventory scales in major depressionAnne Farmer
Medical Research Council, Social Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, England
Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:490-6. 2003..A sib-pair method has been used to examine the familiality of the 7 scales of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and whether this could be related to the genetic vulnerability to develop ..
- Predictors of postpartum depression: an updateC T Beck
School of Nursing, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269, USA
Nurs Res 50:275-85. 2001..Approximately 13% of women experience postpartum depression. Early recognition is one of the most difficult challenges with this mood disorder because of how covertly it is suffered...
- [Temperament and Character Inventory Revised (TCI-R). Standardization and normative data in a general population sample]J A Gutiérrez-Zotes
Hospital Psiquiátrico Universitario Instituto Pere Mata, Universidad Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Tarragona
Actas Esp Psiquiatr 32:8-15. 2004The revised version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-R), a tool designed by C. R...
- Risk factors for childhood overweight: a prospective study from birth to 9.5 yearsW Stewart Agras
Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305 5733, USA
J Pediatr 145:20-5. 2004..To ascertain risk factors for the development of overweight in children at 9.5 years of age...
- Development and validation of a questionnaire for measuring behavior and temperament traits in pet dogsYuying Hsu
Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6010, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 223:1293-300. 2003To develop and validate a questionnaire to assess behavior and temperament traits of pet dogs.
- Amygdala and hippocampus fail to habituate to faces in individuals with an inhibited temperamentJennifer Urbano Blackford
Department of Psychiatry, Psychiatric Neuroimaging Program, Vanderbilt University, 1601 23rd Avenue South, Suite 3057, Nashville, TN 37212, USA
Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 8:143-50. 2013..examine habituation to neutral faces in 39 young adults with either an extreme inhibited or extreme uninhibited temperament. Our investigation focused on two key brain regions involved in response to novelty--the amygdala and the ..
- Can onset and recovery in depression be predicted by temperament? A systematic review and meta-analysisOlli Kampman
University of Tampere, Medical School, Tampere, Finland
J Affect Disord 135:20-7. 2011Behavioural inhibition and more specifically harm avoidance temperament dimension (HA) has been found to be associated with depression. Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) by Cloninger et al...
- Infant joint attention, temperament, and social competence in preschool childrenAmy Vaughan Van Hecke
University of Miami, USA
Child Dev 78:53-69. 2007..were related to 30-month social competence and externalizing behavior, even when accounting for 15-month temperament ratings, 24-month cognition and language, and demographic variables...
- Cloninger's temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with major depressive disorderFeryal Cam Celikel
Department of Psychiatry, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, 60100 Tokat, Turkey
Compr Psychiatry 50:556-61. 2009..outpatients (67 women, 14 men) and 51 healthy controls (35 women, 16 men) filled out the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)...
- Parental depression and child temperament: assessing child to parent effects in a longitudinal population studyLucy Hanington
University of Oxford Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Headington, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
Infant Behav Dev 33:88-95. 2010Current research supports a link between maternal depression and difficult child temperament. The direction of effect is often assumed to be from parent to child, but few studies have addressed child to parent effects...
- Childhood temperament and long-term sickness absence in adult lifeMax Henderson
Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, Department of Psychological Medicine, Weston Education Centre, Cutcombe Road, London SE5 9RJ, UK
Br J Psychiatry 194:220-3. 2009Little is known as to whether childhood temperament is associated with long-term sickness absence in adult life.
- Continuity and discontinuity of behavioral inhibition and exuberance: psychophysiological and behavioral influences across the first four years of lifeN A Fox
Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA
Child Dev 72:1-21. 2001..Four-month temperament was modestly predictive of behavioral inhibition over the first 2 years of life and of behavioral reticence at ..
- A large population cohort provides normative data for investigation of temperamentJ Miettunen
Department of Psychiatry, Oulu University, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
Acta Psychiatr Scand 110:150-7. 2004We evaluated the psychometric properties of widely used scales for assessing temperament in a large birth cohort...
- Temperament and character during the course of unipolar depression among inpatientsJ Richter
Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitat Rostock, Germany
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 250:40-7. 2000..g. self-directedness and cooperativeness) of the patients classified into these groups both at admission and at discharge compared with their healthy counterparts...
- Character and temperament in major depressive disorder and a highly anxious-retarded subtype derived from melancholiaRemco F P de Winter
Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands
Compr Psychiatry 48:426-35. 2007..As 2 character dimensions of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), self-directedness (SD) and cooperativeness, parsimoniously predict the presence ..
- Attachment insecurity, personality, and body dissatisfaction in eating disordersGiovanni Abbate-Daga
Department of Neuroscience, Section of Psychiatry, Eating Disorders Centre, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
J Nerv Ment Dis 198:520-4. 2010..Participants completed Temperament and Character Inventory, Body Shape Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, and Attachment Style ..
- Temperament and character profile of eating disorders: a controlled study with the Temperament and Character InventorySecondo Fassino
Department of Neurosciences, Psychiatry Section, Service for Eating Disorders, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
Int J Eat Disord 32:412-25. 2002..A way to face this problem is to examine the personality traits underlying these disorders...
- Validity and reliability of the Japanese version of the Temperament and Character Inventory: a study of university and college studentsMika Takeuchi
Jiyugaoka Sanno College School of Business Administration, Tokyo, Japan
Compr Psychiatry 52:109-17. 2011The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a widely used self-report measure of adult personality.
- Temperament and the environment in the etiology of childhood anxietyKathryn A Degnan
University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 51:497-517. 2010..The current review focuses on child temperament (i.e...
- Measurement of fine-grained aspects of toddler temperament: the early childhood behavior questionnaireSamuel P Putnam
Department of Psychology, Bowdoin College, 6900 College Station, Brunswick, ME 04011, United States
Infant Behav Dev 29:386-401. 2006..reliability, and factor structure of a finely differentiated (18 dimensions) parent-report measure of temperament in 1...
- The Gamblers' Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) personality profileL Janiri
Department of Psychiatry, Catholic University Medical School, Rome, Italy
Subst Use Misuse 42:975-84. 2007In a cross-comparison study, the Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) personality profile was administered to 28 probable pathological gamblers (PPGs), 32 nonpathological gamblers (non-PGs), and 65 controls...
- Relationship of postnatal depressive symptoms to infant temperament, maternal expectations, social support and other potential risk factors: findings from a large Australian cross-sectional studyJohn G Eastwood
School of Public Health and Community Medicine, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:148. 2012..The survey included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for postnatal depressive symptoms in women living in metropolitan Sydney, Australia...
- Association between lead exposure from electronic waste recycling and child temperament alterationsJunxiao Liu
Analytical Cytology Laboratory and the Key Immunopathology Laboratory of Guangdong Province, Shantou University Medical College, 22 Xinling Road, Shantou, PR China
Neurotoxicology 32:458-64. 2011We aimed to evaluate the dose-dependent effects of lead exposure on temperament alterations in children from a primitive e-waste (obsolete electrical and electronic devices) recycling area in Guiyu of China and a control area (Chendian, ..
- Temperament and character of suicide attemptersRaffaella Calati
Institute of Psychiatry, University of Bologna, Viale Carlo Pepoli 5, 40123 Bologna, Italy
J Psychiatr Res 42:938-45. 2008..In the present study we considered the association between personality traits, measured by Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), and suicidal behavior...
- Individual differences in local gray and white matter volumes reflect differences in temperament and character: a voxel-based morphometry study in healthy young femalesPeter Van Schuerbeek
Department of Radiology, UZ Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel VUB, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium
Brain Res 1371:32-42. 2011The psychobiological personality model of Cloninger distinguishes four heritable temperament traits (harm avoidance (HA), novelty seeking (NS), reward dependence (RD) and persistence (P)) and three character traits (self-directedness (SD)..
- Temperament as a unifying basis for personality and psychopathologyLee Anna Clark
Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 1316, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 114:505-21. 2005..and proposes an integrative framework to explain personality-psychopathology relations: Three broad, innate temperament dimensions--negative affectivity, positive affectivity, and disinhibition--differentiate through both ..
- Relation of temperament and character properties with clinical presentation of bipolar disorderAslihan Sayin
Psychiatry Department, Gazi University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Compr Psychiatry 48:446-51. 2007The purpose of this study was to examine the underlying temperament and character properties of patients with bipolar disorder and explore the possible connections between these properties and clinical presentation of the illness.
- Inhibited and uninhibited infants "grown up": adult amygdalar response to noveltyCarl E Schwartz
Developmental Psychopathology Research Group, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital MGH, Harvard Medical School, 13th Street, Building 149, CNY 9, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
Science 300:1952-3. 2003Infants with an inhibited temperament tend to develop into children who avoid people, objects, and situations that are novel or unfamiliar, whereas uninhibited children spontaneously approach novel persons, objects, and situations...
- Differences in temperament and character dimensions in patients with bipolar I or II or major depressive disorder and general population subjectsP Jylhä
Department of Mental Health and Substance Use, National Institute of Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
Psychol Med 41:1579-91. 2011Whether temperament and character differ between bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) patients and general population subjects, or between BD I and BD II patients, remains unclear.
- Psychometric properties of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) questionnaire in a Spanish psychiatric populationF Gutierrez
Clinic Institute of Psychiatry and Psychology, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Spain
Acta Psychiatr Scand 103:143-7. 2001The psychometric properties of the Spanish version of Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) were examined in a psychiatric population.
- Attention biases to threat link behavioral inhibition to social withdrawal over time in very young childrenKoraly Perez-Edgar
Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
J Abnorm Child Psychol 39:885-95. 2011..attention biases to threat may sustain high levels of behavioral inhibition (BI) over time, helping link early temperament to social outcomes...
- Normative data and factorial structure of the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character InventorySamet Kose
Medical University of South Carolina, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
Compr Psychiatry 50:361-8. 2009..model of personality accounts for both normal and abnormal variation in 2 major personality components: temperament and character...
- Maternal trait anxiety, depression and life event stress in pregnancy: relationships with infant temperamentMarie Paule Austin
School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Prince of Wales Hospital, High Street Randwick 2031, Sydney, Australia
Early Hum Dev 81:183-90. 2005To assess whether links exist between maternal trait anxiety (STAI), perceived life event (LE) stress and depression (Edinburgh scale) and infant temperament.
- Validation and normative studies of the Brazilian Portuguese and American versions of the Temperament and Character Inventory - Revised (TCI-R)Daniel Maffasioli Goncalves
Department of Epidemiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
J Affect Disord 124:126-33. 2010The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was first described in 1993. It was designed to measure the character and temperament dimensions of Cloninger's model of personality using a true-false response format...
- Full syndrome and subthreshold attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a Korean community sample: comorbidity and temperament findingsSoo Churl Cho
Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 18:447-57. 2009..The main objective of this study was to investigate the comorbid disorders and temperamental profiles of full syndrome and subthreshold attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
- Temperament and depressive symptoms: a population-based longitudinal study on Cloninger's psychobiological temperament modelMarko Elovainio
Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, PO Box 9, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
J Affect Disord 83:227-32. 2004This study examined whether temperament dimensions, as indicated by Cloninger's psychobiological model [Cloninger, C.R., Svrakic, D.M., Przybeck, T.R., 1993. A psychobiological model of temperament and character. Arch. Gen...
- Gender differences in temperament: a meta-analysisNicole M Else-Quest
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Psychol Bull 132:33-72. 2006..to estimate the magnitude of gender differences in mean level and variability of 35 dimensions and 3 factors of temperament in children ages 3 months to 13 years...
- Amygdalar and hippocampal substrates of anxious temperament differ in their heritabilityJonathan A Oler
Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53719, USA
Nature 466:864-8. 2010Anxious temperament (AT) in human and non-human primates is a trait-like phenotype evident early in life that is characterized by increased behavioural and physiological reactivity to mildly threatening stimuli...
- Influence of RGS2 on anxiety-related temperament, personality, and brain functionJordan W Smoller
Center for Human Genetic Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:298-308. 2008..The gene encoding regulator of G protein signaling 2 (Rgs2) is a quantitative trait gene that influences mouse anxiety behavior, making its human ortholog (RGS2) a compelling candidate gene for human anxiety phenotypes...
- The preservation of two infant temperaments into adolescenceJerome Kagan
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
Monogr Soc Res Child Dev 72:1-75, vii; discussion 76-91. 2007
- Behavioral inhibition: linking biology and behavior within a developmental frameworkNathan A Fox
Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 56:235-62. 2005Behavioral inhibition refers to a temperament or style of reacting that some infants and young children exhibit when confronted with novel situations or unfamiliar adults or peers...
- Personality and the perception of health and happinessC Robert Cloninger
Dept of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
J Affect Disord 128:24-32. 2011..e., "happiness") and its non-affective aspects (i.e., "wellness") in the general population...
- Anger and personality in eating disordersS Fassino
Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatric Institute, University of Turin, Via Cherasco 11, 10126 Torino, Italy
J Psychosom Res 51:757-64. 2001This study was designed to examine how anger, temperament and character profiles differ across subtypes of eating disorders (EDs) in comparison to healthy controls and to analyze the relationship between anger expression, eating ..
- The rank-order consistency of personality traits from childhood to old age: a quantitative review of longitudinal studiesB W Roberts
Department of Psychology, University of Tulsa, USA
Psychol Bull 126:3-25. 2000..7 years. Analysis of moderators of consistency showed that the longitudinal time interval had a negative relation to trait consistency and that temperament dimensions were less consistent than adult personality traits.
- Trajectories of externalizing behavior from age 2 to age 9: relations with gender, temperament, ethnicity, parenting, and raterJennifer L Miner
Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, School of Social Ecology, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92627, USA
Dev Psychol 44:771-86. 2008..predicted by the following factors: child male gender (for caregiver/teacher reports only), infant difficult temperament (for children with harsh mothers only), harsher maternal attitude toward discipline, higher level of maternal ..
- TEMPS-A: validation of a short version of a self-rated instrument designed to measure variations in temperamentHagop S Akiskal
Department of Psychiatry, International Mood Center, University of California, San Diego, VA Psychiatry 116A, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
J Affect Disord 85:45-52. 2005To validate a short English-language version of the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-autoquestionnaire version (TEMPS-A), a self-report questionnaire designed to measure temperamental variations in psychiatric ..
- Temperament, character, and personality disorders: etiologic, diagnostic, treatment issuesD M Svrakic
Department of Psychiatry and Center for Psychobiology of Personality, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Acta Psychiatr Scand 106:189-95. 2002..underlying dimensional structure of personality disorder, propose a novel approach to its diagnosis, and outline our concepts of its etiology and treatment based on the seven factor psychobiological model of temperament and character.
- Personality in schizophrenia assessed with the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)Hiroaki Hori
Department of Mental Disorder Research, National Institute of Neuroscience, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, 4 1 1 Ogawahigashi, Kodaira, Tokyo, Japan
Psychiatry Res 160:175-83. 2008The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a well-established self-report questionnaire measuring four temperament and three character dimensions...
- Sex-specific influence of DRD2 on ADHD-type temperament in a large population-based birth cohortEmma S Nyman
Public Health Genomics Unit, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland FIMM, University of Helsinki and National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
Psychiatr Genet 22:197-201. 2012..The current study evaluates potential associations of dopamine receptor genes and Cloninger temperament traits within this same sample...
- Relationships between season of birth, schizotypy, temperament, character and neurocognition in a non-clinical populationHiroaki Hori
Department of Mental Disorder Research, National Institute of Neuroscience, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Kodaira, Tokyo, Japan
Psychiatry Res 195:69-75. 2012..Season of birth has also been reported to relate to temperament and character personality dimensions and cognitive functioning...
- Temperament and character modify risk of drug addiction and influence choice of drugsDragan Milivojevic
Specialized Hospital for Chemical Dependence Naltrexzone, Beograd, Serbia
Am J Addict 21:462-7. 2012..In this work, temperament and character features of individuals addicted to opiates or alcohol are compared with normal controls to study ..
- A meta-analysis of temperament in axis I psychiatric disordersJouko Miettunen
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oulu, PO Box 5000, 90014 Oulu, Finland
Compr Psychiatry 53:152-66. 2012This article reports on a meta-analysis of Cloninger's temperament dimensions (novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, and persistence) in individuals with lifetime psychiatric disorders compared with controls and on ..
- Interactions between child behavior patterns and parenting: implications for children's unintentional injury riskDavid C Schwebel
Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1300 University Boulevard, CH 415, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
J Pediatr Psychol 29:93-104. 2004..Along with hypotheses to replicate previous univariate effects, it was hypothesized that active, involved parents with sufficient time resources might reduce injury risk among temperamentally at-risk children...
- Temperament traits associated with risk of schizophrenia in an indigenous population of ArgentinaMaría Calvó de Padilla
Schizophr Res 83:299-302. 2006
- Cyclothymic-depressive-anxious temperament pattern is related to suicide risk in 346 patients with major mood disordersMaurizio Pompili
Department of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Sensory Organs, Suicide Prevention Center, Sant Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
J Affect Disord 136:405-11. 2012....
- Temperament and parenting during the first year of life predict future child conduct problemsBenjamin B Lahey
Department of Health Studies MC 2007, University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
J Abnorm Child Psychol 36:1139-58. 2008Predictive associations between parenting and temperament during the first year of life and child conduct problems were assessed longitudinally in 1,863 offspring of a representative sample of women...
- Executive cognitive functioning, temperament, and antisocial behavior in conduct-disordered adolescent femalesP R Giancola
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania 15213 2593, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 107:629-41. 1998The authors assessed whether low executive cognitive functioning (ECF) and a difficult temperament are related to aggressive and nonaggressive forms of antisocial behavior (ASB) in 249, 14-18-year-old, conduct-disordered females and ..
- Temperament and character personality profile in relation to suicide attempts in patients with schizophreniaYakup Albayrak
Department of Psychiatry, Kırklareli State Hospital, Kirklareli, Turkey
Compr Psychiatry 53:1130-6. 2012..Beside classic risk factors for suicidality, temperament and character traits have been researched and considered as risk factors for suicidal behavior in recent years.
- Shared temperament risk factors for anorexia nervosa: a twin studyTracey D Wade
School of Psychology, Flinders University, P O Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
Psychosom Med 70:239-44. 2008To answer two questions about the nature of the relationship between anorexia nervosa (AN) and dimensional temperament traits: Which traits are comorbid with AN? Which traits share transmitted liabilities with AN?
- Maternal modeling and the acquisition of fear and avoidance in toddlers: influence of stimulus preparedness and child temperamentKathrin Dubi
Department of Psychology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
J Abnorm Child Psychol 36:499-512. 2008..In addition, no association was found between child temperament and behavioral responses and a weak association emerged between child temperament and emotional responses...
- Temperament and sensory features of children with autismM E Brock
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 42:2271-84. 2012This study sought to characterize temperament traits in a sample of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), ages 3-7 years old, and to determine the potential association between temperament and sensory features in ASD...
- Temperament and character personality profiles and personality disorders in chronic pain patientsRupert Conrad
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Bonn, Sigmund Freud Str 25, 53105 Bonn, Germany
Pain 133:197-209. 2007..Participants were assessed using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), the Structured-Clinical-Interview-II, the Beck Depression Inventory and the ..
- Individual differences in emotionality: social temperament and healthJohn P Capitanio
California National Primate Research Center, University of California, Davis, 95616, USA
Am J Primatol 73:507-15. 2011..This review discusses the role of temperament in health-related outcomes in rhesus monkeys...
- The dimensional symptom structure of schizophrenia and its association with temperament and characterFrancois Guillem
Centre de Recherche Fernand Seguin, Hopital L H Lafontaine, 7331 rue Hochelaga, Montreal, Quebec, H1N 3V2, Canada
Schizophr Res 56:137-47. 2002..Fifty-two schizophrenia patients and 25 five healthy subjects were assessed using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)...
- The influence of temperament on symptoms and functional outcome in people with psychosis in the Northern Finland 1966 Birth CohortL Poustka
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, J5, 68159 Mannheim, Germany
Eur Psychiatry 25:26-32. 2010To describe symptom expression and functional outcome in psychotic disorders in relation with temperament traits assessed with the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) in a population-based sample.
- Differential amygdalar response to novel versus newly familiar neutral faces: a functional MRI probe developed for studying inhibited temperamentCarl E Schwartz
Developmental Psychopathology Research Group CES, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown 02129, USA
Biol Psychiatry 53:854-62. 2003..Prior neuroimaging studies of the amygdala in humans to date have focused principally on responses to emotional stimuli, primarily aversive, rather than to novelty per se...
- Temperament and character personality profile in relation to suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in major depressed patientsRupert Conrad
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Bonn, Germany
Psychiatry Res 170:212-7. 2009..Psychodiagnostic measures embraced the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), the Symptom Checklist-90-R and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale...
- Temperament and character in patients with bipolar II disorder and recurrent brief depressionH Lövdahl
Division of Clinical Neurosciences, Department of Neuropsychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway
Compr Psychiatry 51:607-17. 2010We compared the temperament and character profiles of 21 patients with bipolar II disorder, 40 patients with recurrent brief depression (RBD; at least monthly depressive episodes meeting the diagnostic criteria for major depressive ..
- Temperament and the psychobiology of childhood stressW T Boyce
Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0314
Pediatrics 90:483-6. 1992..We propose that the construct of temperament can be regarded as an organizing principle in children's responses to environmental adversity, and we review ..
- Maturity and change in personality: developmental trends of temperament and character in adulthoodKim Josefsson
University of Helsinki, Helsinki 00014, Finland
Dev Psychopathol 25:713-27. 2013We studied the developmental trends of temperament and character in a longitudinal population-based sample of Finnish men and women aged 20-45 years using the Temperament and Character Inventory model of personality...
- Stable early maternal report of behavioral inhibition predicts lifetime social anxiety disorder in adolescenceAndrea Chronis-Tuscano
Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 48:928-35. 2009..It was hypothesized that stable BI would predict the presence of adolescent psychiatric diagnoses, specifically SAD...
- Early adolescents' temperament, emotion regulation during mother-child interactions, and depressive symptomatologyMarie B H Yap
Orygen Youth Health Research Centre, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Dev Psychopathol 23:267-82. 2011This study examined the relations among temperament, emotion regulation, and depressive symptoms in early adolescents...
- Nonhuman primate studies of fear, anxiety, and temperament and the role of benzodiazepine receptors and GABA systemsNed H Kalin
Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53719, USA
J Clin Psychiatry 64:41-4. 2003Studies of nonhuman primate models have been useful in defining anxious temperament as an individual's stable set of physiologic and behavioral responses and in providing insights regarding human anxiety...
- Anatomical variability of the anterior cingulate gyrus and basic dimensions of human personalityJesus Pujol
Magnetic Resonance Center of Pedralbes, 08950 Barcelona, Spain
Neuroimage 15:847-55. 2002..and 50 men), we measured the surface area of the anterior cingulate gyrus and related it to the scores on the Temperament and Character Inventory...
- Temperament profiles, major depression, and response to treatment with SSRIs in psychiatric outpatientsO Kampman
University of Tampere, Medical School, 33014 Tampere, Finland
Eur Psychiatry 27:245-9. 2012The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is commonly used in adult populations...
- Heterogeneous selection on a heritable temperament trait in a variable environmentJohn L Quinn
Edward Grey Institute, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
J Anim Ecol 78:1203-15. 20091. Temperament traits increasingly provide a focus for investigating the evolutionary ecology of behavioural variation...
- Early childhood aetiology of mental health problems: a longitudinal population-based studyJordana K Bayer
Centre for Community Child Health, The University of Melbourne, Australia
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:1166-74. 2008..We aimed to identify child, parenting, and family predictors from infancy in the development of externalising and internalising behaviour problems by age 3 years...
- The bitter with the sweet: the taste/stress/temperament nexusN K Dess
Department of Psychology, Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA 90041, USA
Biol Psychol 48:103-19. 1998..The present study concerned stress-induced changes in taste and its modulation by temperament in people...
- Maternal oxytocin response during mother-infant interaction: associations with adult temperamentLane Strathearn
Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Horm Behav 61:429-35. 2012..purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of self-reported state and trait measures (such as temperament, mood and affect) with peripheral oxytocin response in mothers...
- The distinct temperament profiles of bipolar I, bipolar II and unipolar patientsHagop S Akiskal
National Institute of Mental Health Collaborative Program on the Psychobiology of Depression, Clinical Studies, Rockville, MD, USA
J Affect Disord 92:19-33. 2006..studies, controversies abound on whether the long-term traits of unipolar and bipolar patients could be differentiated by temperament and whether these traits, in turn, could be distinguished from subthreshold affective symptomatology.
- Familiality of temperament in bipolar disorder: support for a genetic spectrumLynn Evans
Department of Psychiatry, UCSD, School of Medicine, University of California, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0603, USA
J Affect Disord 85:153-68. 2005..Consistent with this idea, it has been proposed that an underlying quantitative variation in temperament may be the primary phenotype that is genetically transmitted and that it in turn predisposes to bipolar ..
- Measuring a behaviorally inhibited temperament style: development and initial validation of new self-report measuresGemma Gladstone
School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales and Mood Disorders Unit, Black Dog Institute, The Villa, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, 2031, Australia
Psychiatry Res 135:133-43. 2005An inhibited temperament early in life has been implicated as a risk factor for the later development of clinically meaningful anxiety and possibly depression...
- An examination of emotion regulation, temperament, and parenting style as potential predictors of adolescent depression risk status: a correlational studyJennifer Betts
School of Psychology, Psychiatry, and Psychological Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Br J Dev Psychol 27:473-85. 2009..This study investigated both traditional (temperament and parenting) and novel (emotion regulation strategy) risk factors associated with adolescent depression...
- Startle response in behaviorally inhibited adolescents with a lifetime occurrence of anxiety disordersBethany C Reeb-Sutherland
Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, 3304 Benjamin Building, College Park, MD 20742, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 48:610-7. 2009..The current study examines whether the startle reflex response may be used to differentiate between behaviorally inhibited adolescents with and without a history of anxiety...
- Symptomatic overlap between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and borderline personality disorder in women: the role of temperament and character traitsFiona E van Dijk
Department of Psychiatry 961, Nijmegen Centre for Evidence Based Practice, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, The Netherlands
Compr Psychiatry 53:39-47. 2012..The role of temperament and character traits in the differentiation of classes of patients with similar ADHD and BPD symptom profiles ..
- Cloninger's temperament traits and preclinical atherosclerosis: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns StudyMirka Hintsanen
Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
J Psychosom Res 67:77-84. 2009Cloninger's psychobiological model of temperament has recently raised interest as a risk factor for CHD. However, there are no studies that have examined the associations of Cloninger's temperament traits with atherosclerosis.
- A genome-wide association study of Cloninger's temperament scales: implications for the evolutionary genetics of personalityKarin J H Verweij
Genetic Epidemiology, Molecular Epidemiology, and Queensland Statistical Genetics Laboratories, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Biol Psychol 85:306-17. 2010..We performed the first genome-wide association study of Cloninger's temperament scales in a sample of 5117 individuals, in order to identify common genetic variants underlying variation in ..
- Externalizing behaviors and minor unintentional injuries in toddlers: common risk factors?C van Aken
Department of Developmental Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands
J Pediatr Psychol 32:230-44. 2007..To investigate predictors for externalizing behaviors and minor unintentional injuries in toddlers and to examine whether common risk factors can be identified...
- The development of children's ideal and ought self-guides: parenting, temperament, and individual differences in guide strengthNanmathi Manian
Child and Family Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD 20892 7971, USA
J Pers 74:1619-45. 2006..in two different data sets and validated that factor structure by examining its associations with maternal temperament. In turn, the parenting factors predicted individual differences in children's orientations to ideal and ought ..
- Tolerance allows bonobos to outperform chimpanzees on a cooperative taskBrian Hare
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Curr Biol 17:619-23. 2007..These results support the emotional-reactivity hypothesis. Selection on temperament may in part explain the variance in cooperative ability across species, including hominoids.
- Breastfeeding and infant temperament at age three monthsBlandine de Lauzon-Guillain
Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 7:e29326. 2012To examine the relationship between breastfeeding and maternally-rated infant temperament at age 3 months, 316 infants in the prospective Cambridge Baby Growth Study, UK had infant temperament assessed at age 3 months by mothers using ..
- Temperament and character personality dimensions in patients with dental anxietyMaud Bergdahl
Department of Odontology, Umea University, Sweden
Eur J Oral Sci 111:93-8. 2003The aim of the present study was to investigate character and temperament dimensions of personality in six men and 31 women (aged 20-57 yr) with severe dental anxiety, and to evaluate whether these dimensions were associated with the ..
- Temperament and character in patients with borderline personality disorder taking gender and comorbidity into accountSven Barnow
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
Psychopathology 40:369-78. 2007..The results indicate that only males with BPD presented an 'explosive' temperament suggested by Cloninger, with simultaneously high levels of novelty seeking and harm avoidance...
- Temperament and character dimensions in patients with schizophrenia, relatives, and controlsMiguel Angel Gonzalez-Torres
Department of Neuroscience, Basque Country University, Bilbao, Spain
J Nerv Ment Dis 197:514-9. 2009..We used Temperament and Character Inventory to explore personality dimensions in 61 clinically stable patients with schizophrenia ..
- Neuroimaging abnormalities in major depressive disorder: effect of inflammationJonathan Savitz; Fiscal Year: 2013..D. in psychiatric genetics. My Ph.D. work was based on the principle that temperament and neurocognitive function could be used as intermediate traits or endophenotypes in order to facilitate the ..
- DEVELOPMENT AND REGULATION OF EMOTION IN PRIMATESNed H Kalin; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In humans and nonhuman primates, anxious temperament (AT) is a trait-like phenotype that is evident early in life and characterized by increased behavioral and physiological reactivity to mildly ..
- Effect of Birth Order and Genetics on Infant Parenting and Obesity RiskIan M Paul; Fiscal Year: 2013..and second-born siblings, b) explore how genetic differences among siblings that are associated with appetite, temperament, and obesity susceptibility affect parent-child interactions, degree of responsive parenting, and weight status,..
- The Iowa Flood Study: Perinatal Effects of a Natural DisasterMICHAEL WILLIAM O apos HARA; Fiscal Year: 2010..infant health, poorer neuromotor maturity at birth, blunted reactive cortisol levels, as well as more difficult temperament. We believe that placental functioning will be a central mechanism for these effects: prenatal stress will be ..
- Genetics of Parkinsonism in a Special Population of Untreated SchizophreniaGabriel Alejandro De Erausquin; Fiscal Year: 2013..of the substantia nigra, executive function and working memory deficits, and increased harm avoidance on the temperament and character inventory are all positively associated with motor impairment...
- Genetic components influencing the feline - human social bondLeslie A Lyons; Fiscal Year: 2011..central hypothesis is that genetic variations in the feline neurotransmitter pathway genes affect a cat's temperament, making them more or less suitable for AAI and developing positive human-animal interactions...
- Promoting positive social-emotional pathways: A translational research programGrazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2013..multi-trait, multi-assessment, multi-informant measures of children's genotypes, psychophysiology, temperament, behavior and emotions, conscience, comprehensively assessed competencies and functioning, parent-child ..
- Impact of Omega-3 Intake During Pregnancy on Maternal Stress and Infant OutcomeKATHRYN ELIZABETH KEENAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..At 4 months post-partum infant temperament, cognitive development and stress reactivity will be assessed in the laboratory...
- Brain Mechanisms Mediating Genetic Risk For Anxiety and DepressionNed H Kalin; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Anxious temperament (AT) is a critical childhood risk factor for the development of anxiety and depression. Human and monkey AT is identifiable early in life, stable across development, and heritable...
- Self-Regulation in Preschool: The Role of Child Physiology, Parents, and TeachersCATHI BARBRA PROPPER; Fiscal Year: 2013..5 and 4.5), child self-regulation (behavior and respiratory sinus arrhythmia [RSA];vagal tone), temperament, early cognitive/executive functioning, and the parent-child relationship will be measured...
- Fetal Programming of Early DevelopmentCURT ALAN SANDMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..1) will be evaluated by examining the relation between levels of CRH with measures of parent and self-report of temperament. Programming effects of early exposure to CRH on cognition (Aim 2) will be evaluated by examining the relation ..
- Neuroimaging and Genetic Study of Inhibited TemperamentJennifer Urbano Blackford; Fiscal Year: 2012..Inhibited temperament is the predisposition to respond to new people, places or things with fear and avoidance...
- Neural Dysfunction of Interoception in Adolescents Diagnosed with Anorexia NervosAMANDA B GRETHE; Fiscal Year: 2010..Finally, in an Exploratory Aim, we propose to examine how clinical, cognitive, and personality/temperament measures might be correlated to either the BOLD response and/or the integrity of frontostriatal connectivity as ..
- Paternal Care, Affiliation and Vasopressin: Mechanisms of MonogamyAlexander G Ophir; Fiscal Year: 2012..The PI hypothesizes that targeted manipulation of V1aR in the LS will coordinate diverse attributes of temperament related to attachment, aggression and care-giving...
- Young Children's Self-Regulation in an Urban Context: A Multilevel AnalysisRACHEL ANNE RAZZA; Fiscal Year: 2010..provided by applicant): Effortful control (EC), which reflects the self-regulatory aspect of early childhood temperament, develops considerably in the first five years of life...
- Origins of Maternal Sensitivity to Infant DistressEsther M Leerkes; Fiscal Year: 2012..infants will participate in videotaped assessments of maternal sensitivity to distress and non-distress, infant temperament and emotion regulation, and attachment security...
- Maternal temperament, stress, and inflammation in preterm birthLOUIS JOSEPH MUGLIA; Fiscal Year: 2013..We propose that individual temperament, inflammation, and stress will each provide an additive "hit", of which two or more will be required to end ..
- Biobehavioral Characterization of Infant Rhesus MonkeysJohn P Capitanio; Fiscal Year: 2013..research with rodents, nonhuman primates, and humans have documented the existence of individual differences in temperament, emotionality, behavioral and physiological reactivity, and personality, which we refer to as biobehavioral ..
- Self-Regulation Failure, Disordered Eating and Overweight in YouthLORI ANNE FRANCIS; Fiscal Year: 2010..In addition to measures on children's self-regulatory capacity, temperament, disordered eating, and body composition, a number of family and neighborhood environmental factors have been ..
- The Cradle of Compassion: Early Development of Prosocial BehaviorCelia A Brownell; Fiscal Year: 2012..state talk, above and beyond age and control variables such as family demographic characteristics, gender, temperament, parent-child relationship quality, and child compliance...
- The Classification of Anxiety and Mood DisordersTimothy A Brown; Fiscal Year: 2013..commonly used in cognitive and neuroscience studies of IDs, explication of genetic factors that influence temperament, cognitive processing biases, and the severity and course of ID psychopathology, and the refinement of the ..
- Preconception and Prenatal Stress: Pathways to Child Biology and BehaviorChristine Dunkel Schetter; Fiscal Year: 2013..laboratory stressors and circadian regulation of cortisol production;(2) children's fearful or anxious temperament measured by innovative observational laboratory testing;(3) children's neurocognitive functioning using ..
- Animal Model of Genetics and Social Behavior in Autism Spectrum DisordersMichael L Platt; Fiscal Year: 2013..We will use observational techniques and field experiments to quantitatively define heterogeneity in social temperament and social cognition phenotypes in males and females...
- Combining mouse and monkey models to understand human risk for psychopathologyNed H Kalin; Fiscal Year: 2012..elevated pattern of brain circuit activity that includes the amygdala that is predictive of a highly anxious temperament. Our rodent studies selecting rats and mice that display a trait-like disposition to engage in extreme BI in ..
- Mood and Anxiety Subtypes in Anorexia Nervosa: Relevance to TreatmentJennifer E Wildes; Fiscal Year: 2012..co-morbidity will be examined in 150 AN patients using dimensional measures of psychiatric symptomatology and temperament. Participants will be assessed 1-2 weeks after admission for acute (i.e...
- Subtypes and Associated Risk Factors in StutteringNicoline Grinager Ambrose; Fiscal Year: 2013..are both genetically and environmentally shaped, and expressed through differences in the language, motor, and temperament domains, allowing us to parcel out variability that is predictive of recovery, chronicity, and therapeutic ..
- Gene x Environment Interactions Predicting an Endophenotype for DepressionCaroline Oppenheimer; Fiscal Year: 2012..Specifically, theory suggests that phenotypes related to negative emotionality/temperament may be an intermediate trait between candidate genes and depression (Caspi, Hariri, Holmes, Uher, &Moffitt, ..
- Neurodevelopmental Basis of Anxiety and Depressive BehaviorSarah M Clinton; Fiscal Year: 2010..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: PROJECT NARRATIVE Inborn differences in personality and temperament strongly influence how individuals respond to stress and put some people at risk for developing emotional ..
- FOLLOW-UP STUDY OF MOTHERS, CHILDREN &FAMILIES IN CHINA NTD INTERVENTION PROGRAMWang Yu; Fiscal Year: 2011..and during early pregnancy with respect to growth, development, nutritional status, and cognitive ability, temperament and behavioral development;4)Evaluate the general health status of their mothers during the years following the ..
- An Extended Amygdala Path with Implications for Early Life StressDanielle M Decampo; Fiscal Year: 2013..In monkeys, BNST activity is correlated with individual differences in anxious temperament, a stable pattern of response to threatening stimuli...
- Social referencing and the influence of parental affect on non-ambulatory infantsGina Mireault; Fiscal Year: 2012..approach/avoidance, and heart rate) during both ambiguous and unambiguous events, and predict that infant temperament will moderate the effect of parental emotion on infants'responses (infant approach/avoidance, heart rate, ..
- Attention Training's Impact on Biobehavioral Correlates of Behavioral InhibitionKoraly E Perez-Edgar; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Early childhood temperament, particularly behavioral inhibition (BI), is seen as an expression of a child's biologically based reaction tendencies to novelty and threat...
- Temperament as a risk factor in a monkey model of asthma susceptibilityJohn P Capitanio; Fiscal Year: 2010..Considerable evidence exists that psychosocial factors, such as anxiety, depression, and inhibited temperament, are associated with asthma...
- Child Temperament and Adaptation to Interparental ConflictAlice C Schermerhorn; Fiscal Year: 2012..It will examine interrelations between the stressor of interparental conflict and children's temperament traits as predictors of children's emotional, behavioral, and physical health outcomes...
- The effects of early temperament on social behavior in adolescenceNathan A Fox; Fiscal Year: 2010DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Early childhood temperament, particularly behavioral inhibition, is seen as an expression of a child's biologically based negative reactivity to novelty and threat...
- A Biopsychosocial Model of Emotion Processes Determining the Role of OvercontrollELIZABETH JAYNE KIEL; Fiscal Year: 2013..provided by applicant): A barrier to the successful prevention of negative consequences of inhibited temperament is understanding how and the conditions under which parenting behavior plays a role in its stability and ..
- MCLEAN STUDY OF ADULT DEVELOPMENTMary C Zanarini; Fiscal Year: 2013..functioning, recovery from BPD, co-occurring axis I and II disorders, psychiatric treatment, changes in temperament, and medical conditions and medical treatments (AIM 1: Description)...
- Expanding the Utility of Social Network Analysis for Multilevel Health OutcomesBrenda McCowan; Fiscal Year: 2013..We propose to determine, using a nonhuman primate, how internal (e.g., personality and temperament, genetic predispositions) and external factors (e.g...
- Factors Influencing the Health Behavior of Young African American AdultsFrederick X Gibbons; Fiscal Year: 2012..g., temperament, self-control) combine to influence the adolescents'health behaviors, including their substance use and ..
- Child Temperament and Adaptation to Interparental ConflictAlice C Schermerhorn; Fiscal Year: 2013..It will examine interrelations between the stressor of interparental conflict and children's temperament traits as predictors of children's emotional, behavioral, and physical health outcomes...
- Contribution of circadian rhythm and maternal entrainment to infant regulationKaren A Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2013..physiological and emotional regulation as measured by Infant/Toddler Symptom Checklist (ITSC), Laboratory Temperament Assessment Battery (Lab-TAB), and Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire (BISQ) at 32 weeks infant age, using ..
- Longitudinal Follow-up Study of Obsessive Compulsive DisorderSteven A Rasmussen; Fiscal Year: 2013..test the relative contributions of these latent constructs, primary symptom subtypes, OCD symptom factors, and temperament in explaining variability in course (2) collect comprehensive treatment data related to long term treatment and ..
- Developmental Trajectories of Internalizing and Externalizing SymptomatologyMICHAEL JOHN SULIK; Fiscal Year: 2013..co-occurrence of aggression and anxiety/depression using data from multiple reporters, and to use measures of temperament and parenting to predict different patterns of symptom development, including co-occurrence, using modern ..
- Affect and Cerebral Asymmetry: A Developmental ApproachNathan A Fox; Fiscal Year: 2010..The current proposal draws upon the research literature in four domains: temperament, frontal EEC asymmetry, mother-child interaction and socialization and the role of cognitive processes in the ..
- Physiological &Cognitive Pathways from Temperament to Adolescent DepressionAMY HEATHER MEZULIS; Fiscal Year: 2013..Knowledge about these risk factors is essential for (1) identifying youth at high risk for adolescent-onset depression and (2) developing effective early preventive interventions for these high-risk youth. ..
- Convergent Markers of Risk for Psychopathology in Infants and ToddlersREBECCA JO BROOKER; Fiscal Year: 2013..Researchers with expertise in neurophysiology, child development, temperament, and psychopathology will serve as mentors...
- Identifying Causal Mechanisms in an Emotion-Based Preventive InterventionCarroll E Izard; Fiscal Year: 2012..as a causal factor in the development of adaptive social behavior;and (4) evaluate the role of child temperament factors, mothers'emotion competence, level of maternal depressive symptoms, and contextual risk factors (..
- Trajectories of Behavioral Inhibition and Risk for AnxietyNathan A Fox; Fiscal Year: 2013..A child's temperament may influence their success or failure in this process...
- The Study of Multiple Social Determinants of Young Children's HealthCindy A Crusto; Fiscal Year: 2010..e., trauma exposure, age, gender, temperament) on the health (i.e...
- Omics of Lung DiseasesJeffrey A Whitsett; Fiscal Year: 2013..The training experience and temperament of young investigators choosing medical and biological research are often quite distinct from those choosing ..
- Behavioral management of deleterious aggression in rhesus macaquesBrenda McCowan; Fiscal Year: 2011..g. group composition, personality and temperament) and external (e.g...
- Buffering role of pet dogs on children's HPA stress responsesClive D L Wynne; Fiscal Year: 2013..hypothesize that across experimental conditions, the buffering effect will be impacted by the child's temperament and attachment to the dog as well as the dog's sociability and responsiveness to the child's gestures...
- 2/2 Bending adolescent depression trajectories through personalized preventionBenjamin L Hankin; Fiscal Year: 2013..operate via their hypothesized processes;and (4) explore how genetic susceptibility, emotion regulation, and temperament may affect individual response to IPT-AST and CWS...
- Child Coping during Pediatric Oncology Treatment ProceduresFelicity Harper; Fiscal Year: 2010..e., trait affect, temperament, resilience), child behavior problems (i.e...
- TRAINING PROGRAM IN EMOTION RESEARCHRichard J Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2013..Our training program continues to focus on three specific themes: 1. Personality, temperament and individual differences: Lifespan developmental, genetic, cognitive and biological approaches;2...
- Development of effortful control, reactivity and symptoms in preschool childrenLYNDSEY MORAN; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Aspects of children's temperament, or biologically based differences in reactivity and regulation, are often studied in relation to symptoms of psychopathology...
- Neural Substrates of Anticipation in Children at Risk for AnxietyJACQUELINE ALEXANDRA CLAUSS; Fiscal Year: 2012..begins during adolescence, and is associated with developmental risk factors, including childhood inhibited temperament. Previous studies have examined neural substrates of social anxiety disorder and inhibited temperament in ..
- Relation of GABA Levels in Visual Cortex to Strength of Interocular SuppressionROBERT RANDOLPH BLAKE; Fiscal Year: 2013..statistical technique for testing hypotheses concerning individual differences in personality and temperament, but it has not been used often to relate biological and perceptual markers...
- Neurocognitive Risk For Alcoholism Into AdulthoodROBERT ALPERT ZUCKER; Fiscal Year: 2013..the Michigan Longitudinal Study, a high risk for alcohol use disorder family study that has been characterizing temperament, behavioral risk and social context since early childhood and neurocognitive risk since early adolescence...
- 1/2 Bending Adolescent Depression Trajectories Through Personalized PreventionJami F Young; Fiscal Year: 2013..operate via their hypothesized processes;and (4) explore how genetic susceptibility, emotion regulation, and temperament may affect individual response to IPT-AST and CWS...
- Injury Prevention in a Home Visitation PopulationKieran J Phelan; Fiscal Year: 2013..potential moderators of maternal depressive symptoms, the intensity of supervisory behavior, and child temperament and activity, on the intervention and subsequent injury outcomes...
- Poverty: Effects on Neural and Cognitive Development from Birth - 12 MonthsHallam Hurt; Fiscal Year: 2013..Maternal factors include nutrition, stress, depression, and IQ. Child factors include temperament, growth, and health...
- MODELS OF PSYCHOBIOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTMartin Reite; Fiscal Year: 1993..prevent immunological consequences otherwise seen in separated pigtail monkeys, and whether measures of innate "temperament", as determined by heart rate (HR) measures (after Kagan), measures of CNS amine metabolism, and measures of ..
- Intrinsic and Extrinsic Effects on Trajectories of Infants' Vagal FunctioningCathi Propper; Fiscal Year: 2009..e., temperament) and exogenous (i.e...
- EMOTION REGULATION FROM INFANCY TO TODDLERHOODJULIA BRAUNGART RIEKER; Fiscal Year: 2002..Thus, factors such as the child's gender, temperament, cognitive, emerging language development, the developing internal working model of the attachment relationship ..
- MATERNAL RESPONSE TO INFANTS-- SIGNAL DETECTION ANALYSISLewis Leavitt; Fiscal Year: 2004..Negative emotionality is central to the definition of difficult temperament, together with unreliability and difficulty in being soothed...
- Genetics of Monoamine Endophenotypes and Mental HealthJeffrey Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2006..influences on psychiatric disorders, on levels of monoamine neurotransmitters, and on normal variation in temperament related to disease, the specific genes that affect these traits are not well known...
- EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNALIZED REGULATORS OF BEHAVIORGrazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2006..The applicant?s expertise in temperament, socialization processes, and socioemotional development affords a unique perspective on conscience that ..
- Imaging Individual Differences in Amphetamine EffectsTARA WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2003..Recent placebo controlled studies indicate that the personality or emotional temperament of the individuals exposed to this drug play a role in these effects...
- DIMENSIONS OF PERSONALITY IN AFRICAN AMERICAN CHILDRENJames Victor; Fiscal Year: 1999..is the development of a series of instruments that will measure the dimensional structure of personality, temperament, and values of young African-American children from 2 to 12 years of age...
- MATERNAL DEPRESSION IN CONTEXT--INFANTS AT RISKAlice Carter; Fiscal Year: 1993..g., social support, infant temperament) which combine with maternal depression to place infants at risk for problems in social- emotional functioning...
- THE DEVELOPMENT OF EMOTIONAL SELF-REGULATIONJames Connell; Fiscal Year: 1992..ESR) across the second and third years of life and the relations of ESR to parental behavior and infant temperament. ESR refers to the set of processes involved in the initiation and modulation of both positive and negative ..
- Development of social-emotional functioning in children with Williams syndromeDANIELA PLESA SKWERER; Fiscal Year: 2007..focus on how three essential components involved in early socio-affective functioning - attachment relations, temperament, and style of interactive behavior - relate to distinct patterns of social behavior in WS, specifically, to ..
- Temperament, Distraction, and Early VocabularyWALLACE DIXON; Fiscal Year: 2003..of children's receptive and productive vocabularies correlates significantly with specific dimensions of their temperament. Infants and toddlers who are short-attending, socially unapproachable, negative in mood, and relatively ..
- Zn & Maternal-Infant Brain Function in S. Ethiopia: Randomized Controlled TrialsK Hambidge; Fiscal Year: 2009..are to determine the effects of maternal and infant zinc (Zn) supplementation on: maternal-infant cognition, temperament and bonding and on pre-and post-natal brain growth...
- PSYCHOBIOLOGY AND TEMPERAMENT IN HIGH RISK CHILDRENJanet Fairbanks; Fiscal Year: 2002..to further understanding of the developmental psychopathology of anxiety disorders through the study of early temperament. The goal is to conduct an in-depth examination of behaviorally inhibited temperament and its biological ..
- Vulnerability and Protective Factors for Early OnsetThomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2006..Child participants will be drawn from a general school population on the basis of teacher ratings of temperament; participants will be oversampled from the highest 30 percent on the temperament-risk distribution and randomly ..
- INDIVIDUAL AND SEX DIFFERENCES IN STRESS REACTIVITYEugene Emory; Fiscal Year: 1992..Both physiological and behavioral correlates of stress have been associated with infant temperament. Stress responses have generally been examined for inter- measure associations and longitudinal continuity...