Genomes and Genes
Summary: Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.
Publications287 found, 100 shown here
- Temperament, character, and personality disordersS M de la Rie
Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
J Pers Disord 12:362-72. 1998This study compares two self-report instruments--the Dutch version of Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and the Questionnaire on Personality Traits (VKP)--in a Dutch sample of 148 people in a healthy population...
- Integrating animal temperament within ecology and evolutionDenis Reale
Canada Research Chair in Behavioural Ecology and Groupe de Recherche en Ecologie Comportementale et Animale, Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 82:291-318. 2007b>Temperament describes the idea that individual behavioural differences are repeatable over time and across situations...
- Investigations of temperament at three to seven years: the Children's Behavior QuestionnaireM K Rothbart
Dept of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403 1227, USA
Child Dev 72:1394-408. 2001..and validity of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ), and presents CBQ data on the structure of temperament in childhood...
- A common allele in the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) impacts prosocial temperament and human hypothalamic-limbic structure and functionHeike Tost
Clinical Brain Disorders Branch, Genes, Cognition, and Psychosis Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:13936-41. 2010..human subjects to identify structural and functional alterations in OXTR risk allele carriers and their link to temperament. Activation and interregional coupling of the amygdala during the processing of emotionally salient social cues ..
- Temperament and character inventory (TCI) and depressionM Hansenne
Psychiatric Unit, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire du Sart Tilnan, Liege, Belgium
J Psychiatr Res 33:31-6. 1999Although several studies have assessed the relationships between the temperament dimensions of the Cloninger model of personality and depression, little is known about the role played by the character dimensions proposed by the seven-..
- Can onset and recovery in depression be predicted by temperament? A systematic review and meta-analysisOlli Kampman
University of Tampere, Medical School, Tampere, Finland
J Affect Disord 135:20-7. 2011Behavioural inhibition and more specifically harm avoidance temperament dimension (HA) has been found to be associated with depression. Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) by Cloninger et al...
- Prenatal exposure to maternal depression and cortisol influences infant temperamentElysia Poggi Davis
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:737-46. 2007..Few prospective studies of human pregnancy have examined the consequences of prenatal exposure to stress and stress hormones...
- Evaluating the state dependency of the Temperament and Character Inventory dimensions in patients with major depression: a methodological contributionShigeki Hirano
Department of Psychiatry, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Dengakugakubo 1 98, Kutsukake, Toyoake City, Japan 470 1192
J Affect Disord 69:31-8. 2002..Little is known as to whether or not the seven personality dimensions of Cloninger's theory, particularly the three character dimensions newly included in the theory, are independent of the states of depression...
- Predictors of postpartum depression: an updateC T Beck
School of Nursing, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269, USA
Nurs Res 50:275-85. 2001..Approximately 13% of women experience postpartum depression. Early recognition is one of the most difficult challenges with this mood disorder because of how covertly it is suffered...
- A sib-pair study of the Temperament and Character Inventory scales in major depressionAnne Farmer
Medical Research Council, Social Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, England
Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:490-6. 2003..A sib-pair method has been used to examine the familiality of the 7 scales of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and whether this could be related to the genetic vulnerability to develop ..
- Infant joint attention, temperament, and social competence in preschool childrenAmy Vaughan Van Hecke
University of Miami, USA
Child Dev 78:53-69. 2007..were related to 30-month social competence and externalizing behavior, even when accounting for 15-month temperament ratings, 24-month cognition and language, and demographic variables...
- Childhood temperament and long-term sickness absence in adult lifeMax Henderson
Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, Department of Psychological Medicine, Weston Education Centre, Cutcombe Road, London SE5 9RJ, UK
Br J Psychiatry 194:220-3. 2009Little is known as to whether childhood temperament is associated with long-term sickness absence in adult life.
- Cloninger's temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with major depressive disorderFeryal Cam Celikel
Department of Psychiatry, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, 60100 Tokat, Turkey
Compr Psychiatry 50:556-61. 2009..outpatients (67 women, 14 men) and 51 healthy controls (35 women, 16 men) filled out the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)...
- Parental depression and child temperament: assessing child to parent effects in a longitudinal population studyLucy Hanington
University of Oxford Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Headington, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
Infant Behav Dev 33:88-95. 2010Current research supports a link between maternal depression and difficult child temperament. The direction of effect is often assumed to be from parent to child, but few studies have addressed child to parent effects...
- A large population cohort provides normative data for investigation of temperamentJ Miettunen
Department of Psychiatry, Oulu University, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
Acta Psychiatr Scand 110:150-7. 2004We evaluated the psychometric properties of widely used scales for assessing temperament in a large birth cohort...
- Continuity and discontinuity of behavioral inhibition and exuberance: psychophysiological and behavioral influences across the first four years of lifeN A Fox
Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA
Child Dev 72:1-21. 2001..Four-month temperament was modestly predictive of behavioral inhibition over the first 2 years of life and of behavioral reticence at ..
- Temperament and character during the course of unipolar depression among inpatientsJ Richter
Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitat Rostock, Germany
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 250:40-7. 2000..g. self-directedness and cooperativeness) of the patients classified into these groups both at admission and at discharge compared with their healthy counterparts...
- Character and temperament in major depressive disorder and a highly anxious-retarded subtype derived from melancholiaRemco F P de Winter
Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands
Compr Psychiatry 48:426-35. 2007..As 2 character dimensions of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), self-directedness (SD) and cooperativeness, parsimoniously predict the presence ..
- Temperament as a unifying basis for personality and psychopathologyLee Anna Clark
Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 1316, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 114:505-21. 2005..and proposes an integrative framework to explain personality-psychopathology relations: Three broad, innate temperament dimensions--negative affectivity, positive affectivity, and disinhibition--differentiate through both ..
- Temperament and character personality profiles and personality disorders in chronic pain patientsRupert Conrad
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Bonn, Sigmund Freud Str 25, 53105 Bonn, Germany
Pain 133:197-209. 2007..Participants were assessed using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), the Structured-Clinical-Interview-II, the Beck Depression Inventory and the ..
- Relation of temperament and character properties with clinical presentation of bipolar disorderAslihan Sayin
Psychiatry Department, Gazi University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Compr Psychiatry 48:446-51. 2007The purpose of this study was to examine the underlying temperament and character properties of patients with bipolar disorder and explore the possible connections between these properties and clinical presentation of the illness.
- Stable early maternal report of behavioral inhibition predicts lifetime social anxiety disorder in adolescenceAndrea Chronis-Tuscano
Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 48:928-35. 2009..It was hypothesized that stable BI would predict the presence of adolescent psychiatric diagnoses, specifically SAD...
- Attention biases to threat link behavioral inhibition to social withdrawal over time in very young childrenKoraly Perez-Edgar
Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
J Abnorm Child Psychol 39:885-95. 2011..attention biases to threat may sustain high levels of behavioral inhibition (BI) over time, helping link early temperament to social outcomes...
- Temperament profiles, major depression, and response to treatment with SSRIs in psychiatric outpatientsO Kampman
University of Tampere, Medical School, 33014 Tampere, Finland
Eur Psychiatry 27:245-9. 2012The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is commonly used in adult populations...
- Interactions between child behavior patterns and parenting: implications for children's unintentional injury riskDavid C Schwebel
Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1300 University Boulevard, CH 415, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
J Pediatr Psychol 29:93-104. 2004..Along with hypotheses to replicate previous univariate effects, it was hypothesized that active, involved parents with sufficient time resources might reduce injury risk among temperamentally at-risk children...
- Inhibited and uninhibited infants "grown up": adult amygdalar response to noveltyCarl E Schwartz
Developmental Psychopathology Research Group, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital MGH, Harvard Medical School, 13th Street, Building 149, CNY 9, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
Science 300:1952-3. 2003Infants with an inhibited temperament tend to develop into children who avoid people, objects, and situations that are novel or unfamiliar, whereas uninhibited children spontaneously approach novel persons, objects, and situations...
- Differences in temperament and character dimensions in patients with bipolar I or II or major depressive disorder and general population subjectsP Jylhä
Department of Mental Health and Substance Use, National Institute of Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
Psychol Med 41:1579-91. 2011Whether temperament and character differ between bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) patients and general population subjects, or between BD I and BD II patients, remains unclear.
- Psychometric properties of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) questionnaire in a Spanish psychiatric populationF Gutierrez
Clinic Institute of Psychiatry and Psychology, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Spain
Acta Psychiatr Scand 103:143-7. 2001The psychometric properties of the Spanish version of Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) were examined in a psychiatric population.
- Normative data and factorial structure of the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character InventorySamet Kose
Medical University of South Carolina, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
Compr Psychiatry 50:361-8. 2009..model of personality accounts for both normal and abnormal variation in 2 major personality components: temperament and character...
- Maternal trait anxiety, depression and life event stress in pregnancy: relationships with infant temperamentMarie Paule Austin
School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Prince of Wales Hospital, High Street Randwick 2031, Sydney, Australia
Early Hum Dev 81:183-90. 2005To assess whether links exist between maternal trait anxiety (STAI), perceived life event (LE) stress and depression (Edinburgh scale) and infant temperament.
- Temperament and depressive symptoms: a population-based longitudinal study on Cloninger's psychobiological temperament modelMarko Elovainio
Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, PO Box 9, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
J Affect Disord 83:227-32. 2004This study examined whether temperament dimensions, as indicated by Cloninger's psychobiological model [Cloninger, C.R., Svrakic, D.M., Przybeck, T.R., 1993. A psychobiological model of temperament and character. Arch. Gen...
- Validation and normative studies of the Brazilian Portuguese and American versions of the Temperament and Character Inventory - Revised (TCI-R)Daniel Maffasioli Goncalves
Department of Epidemiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
J Affect Disord 124:126-33. 2010The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was first described in 1993. It was designed to measure the character and temperament dimensions of Cloninger's model of personality using a true-false response format...
- Full syndrome and subthreshold attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a Korean community sample: comorbidity and temperament findingsSoo Churl Cho
Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 18:447-57. 2009..The main objective of this study was to investigate the comorbid disorders and temperamental profiles of full syndrome and subthreshold attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
- Gender differences in temperament: a meta-analysisNicole M Else-Quest
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Psychol Bull 132:33-72. 2006..to estimate the magnitude of gender differences in mean level and variability of 35 dimensions and 3 factors of temperament in children ages 3 months to 13 years...
- Differential amygdalar response to novel versus newly familiar neutral faces: a functional MRI probe developed for studying inhibited temperamentCarl E Schwartz
Developmental Psychopathology Research Group CES, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown 02129, USA
Biol Psychiatry 53:854-62. 2003..Prior neuroimaging studies of the amygdala in humans to date have focused principally on responses to emotional stimuli, primarily aversive, rather than to novelty per se...
- Amygdalar and hippocampal substrates of anxious temperament differ in their heritabilityJonathan A Oler
Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53719, USA
Nature 466:864-8. 2010Anxious temperament (AT) in human and non-human primates is a trait-like phenotype evident early in life that is characterized by increased behavioural and physiological reactivity to mildly threatening stimuli...
- Influence of RGS2 on anxiety-related temperament, personality, and brain functionJordan W Smoller
Center for Human Genetic Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:298-308. 2008..The gene encoding regulator of G protein signaling 2 (Rgs2) is a quantitative trait gene that influences mouse anxiety behavior, making its human ortholog (RGS2) a compelling candidate gene for human anxiety phenotypes...
- Behavioral inhibition: linking biology and behavior within a developmental frameworkNathan A Fox
Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 56:235-62. 2005Behavioral inhibition refers to a temperament or style of reacting that some infants and young children exhibit when confronted with novel situations or unfamiliar adults or peers...
- The preservation of two infant temperaments into adolescenceJerome Kagan
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
Monogr Soc Res Child Dev 72:1-75, vii; discussion 76-91. 2007
- TEMPS-A: validation of a short version of a self-rated instrument designed to measure variations in temperamentHagop S Akiskal
Department of Psychiatry, International Mood Center, University of California, San Diego, VA Psychiatry 116A, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
J Affect Disord 85:45-52. 2005To validate a short English-language version of the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-autoquestionnaire version (TEMPS-A), a self-report questionnaire designed to measure temperamental variations in psychiatric ..
- Temperament, character, and personality disorders: etiologic, diagnostic, treatment issuesD M Svrakic
Department of Psychiatry and Center for Psychobiology of Personality, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Acta Psychiatr Scand 106:189-95. 2002..underlying dimensional structure of personality disorder, propose a novel approach to its diagnosis, and outline our concepts of its etiology and treatment based on the seven factor psychobiological model of temperament and character.
- Symptomatic overlap between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and borderline personality disorder in women: the role of temperament and character traitsFiona E van Dijk
Department of Psychiatry 961, Nijmegen Centre for Evidence Based Practice, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, The Netherlands
Compr Psychiatry 53:39-47. 2012..The role of temperament and character traits in the differentiation of classes of patients with similar ADHD and BPD symptom profiles ..
- The bitter with the sweet: the taste/stress/temperament nexusN K Dess
Department of Psychology, Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA 90041, USA
Biol Psychol 48:103-19. 1998..The present study concerned stress-induced changes in taste and its modulation by temperament in people...
- Startle response in behaviorally inhibited adolescents with a lifetime occurrence of anxiety disordersBethany C Reeb-Sutherland
Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, 3304 Benjamin Building, College Park, MD 20742, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 48:610-7. 2009..The current study examines whether the startle reflex response may be used to differentiate between behaviorally inhibited adolescents with and without a history of anxiety...
- Measuring a behaviorally inhibited temperament style: development and initial validation of new self-report measuresGemma Gladstone
School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales and Mood Disorders Unit, Black Dog Institute, The Villa, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, 2031, Australia
Psychiatry Res 135:133-43. 2005An inhibited temperament early in life has been implicated as a risk factor for the later development of clinically meaningful anxiety and possibly depression...
- Cloninger's temperament traits and preclinical atherosclerosis: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns StudyMirka Hintsanen
Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
J Psychosom Res 67:77-84. 2009Cloninger's psychobiological model of temperament has recently raised interest as a risk factor for CHD. However, there are no studies that have examined the associations of Cloninger's temperament traits with atherosclerosis.
- Familiality of temperament in bipolar disorder: support for a genetic spectrumLynn Evans
Department of Psychiatry, UCSD, School of Medicine, University of California, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0603, USA
J Affect Disord 85:153-68. 2005..Consistent with this idea, it has been proposed that an underlying quantitative variation in temperament may be the primary phenotype that is genetically transmitted and that it in turn predisposes to bipolar ..
- Validity and reliability of the Japanese version of the Temperament and Character Inventory: a study of university and college studentsMika Takeuchi
Jiyugaoka Sanno College School of Business Administration, Tokyo, Japan
Compr Psychiatry 52:109-17. 2011The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a widely used self-report measure of adult personality.
- The distinct temperament profiles of bipolar I, bipolar II and unipolar patientsHagop S Akiskal
National Institute of Mental Health Collaborative Program on the Psychobiology of Depression, Clinical Studies, Rockville, MD, USA
J Affect Disord 92:19-33. 2006..studies, controversies abound on whether the long-term traits of unipolar and bipolar patients could be differentiated by temperament and whether these traits, in turn, could be distinguished from subthreshold affective symptomatology.
- Maternal oxytocin response during mother-infant interaction: associations with adult temperamentLane Strathearn
Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Horm Behav 61:429-35. 2012..purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of self-reported state and trait measures (such as temperament, mood and affect) with peripheral oxytocin response in mothers...
- Early childhood aetiology of mental health problems: a longitudinal population-based studyJordana K Bayer
Centre for Community Child Health, The University of Melbourne, Australia
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:1166-74. 2008..We aimed to identify child, parenting, and family predictors from infancy in the development of externalising and internalising behaviour problems by age 3 years...
- An examination of emotion regulation, temperament, and parenting style as potential predictors of adolescent depression risk status: a correlational studyJennifer Betts
School of Psychology, Psychiatry, and Psychological Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Br J Dev Psychol 27:473-85. 2009..This study investigated both traditional (temperament and parenting) and novel (emotion regulation strategy) risk factors associated with adolescent depression...
- Externalizing behaviors and minor unintentional injuries in toddlers: common risk factors?C van Aken
Department of Developmental Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands
J Pediatr Psychol 32:230-44. 2007..To investigate predictors for externalizing behaviors and minor unintentional injuries in toddlers and to examine whether common risk factors can be identified...
- Breastfeeding and infant temperament at age three monthsBlandine de Lauzon-Guillain
Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 7:e29326. 2012To examine the relationship between breastfeeding and maternally-rated infant temperament at age 3 months, 316 infants in the prospective Cambridge Baby Growth Study, UK had infant temperament assessed at age 3 months by mothers using ..
- The development of children's ideal and ought self-guides: parenting, temperament, and individual differences in guide strengthNanmathi Manian
Child and Family Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD 20892 7971, USA
J Pers 74:1619-45. 2006..in two different data sets and validated that factor structure by examining its associations with maternal temperament. In turn, the parenting factors predicted individual differences in children's orientations to ideal and ought ..
- Sleep disturbances and teacher ratings of school achievement and temperament in childrenOliviero Bruni
Department of Developmental Neurology and Psychiatry, Center for Pediatric Sleep Disorders, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Sabelli 108, 00185 Rome, Italy
Sleep Med 7:43-8. 2006The current study examined the relationships between academic achievement, sleep, temperament and demographic-historical data in school-age children.
- Tolerance allows bonobos to outperform chimpanzees on a cooperative taskBrian Hare
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Curr Biol 17:619-23. 2007..These results support the emotional-reactivity hypothesis. Selection on temperament may in part explain the variance in cooperative ability across species, including hominoids.
- A genome-wide association study of Cloninger's temperament scales: implications for the evolutionary genetics of personalityKarin J H Verweij
Genetic Epidemiology, Molecular Epidemiology, and Queensland Statistical Genetics Laboratories, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Biol Psychol 85:306-17. 2010..We performed the first genome-wide association study of Cloninger's temperament scales in a sample of 5117 individuals, in order to identify common genetic variants underlying variation in ..
- Individual differences in local gray and white matter volumes reflect differences in temperament and character: a voxel-based morphometry study in healthy young femalesPeter Van Schuerbeek
Department of Radiology, UZ Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel VUB, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium
Brain Res 1371:32-42. 2011The psychobiological personality model of Cloninger distinguishes four heritable temperament traits (harm avoidance (HA), novelty seeking (NS), reward dependence (RD) and persistence (P)) and three character traits (self-directedness (SD)..
- Temperament and character in patients with borderline personality disorder taking gender and comorbidity into accountSven Barnow
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
Psychopathology 40:369-78. 2007..The results indicate that only males with BPD presented an 'explosive' temperament suggested by Cloninger, with simultaneously high levels of novelty seeking and harm avoidance...
- Infant temperament predicts life span in female rats that develop spontaneous tumorsSonia A Cavigelli
Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, 315 E Health and Human Development Building East, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Horm Behav 50:454-62. 2006..Thus, we identified prolactin, estrogen, progesterone and possibly corticosterone dynamics as candidates for neuroendocrine mechanisms linking infant temperament with onset of adult neoplastic disease.
- Temperament and character personality dimensions in patients with dental anxietyMaud Bergdahl
Department of Odontology, Umea University, Sweden
Eur J Oral Sci 111:93-8. 2003The aim of the present study was to investigate character and temperament dimensions of personality in six men and 31 women (aged 20-57 yr) with severe dental anxiety, and to evaluate whether these dimensions were associated with the ..
- Temperament and character dimensions in patients with schizophrenia, relatives, and controlsMiguel Angel Gonzalez-Torres
Department of Neuroscience, Basque Country University, Bilbao, Spain
J Nerv Ment Dis 197:514-9. 2009..We used Temperament and Character Inventory to explore personality dimensions in 61 clinically stable patients with schizophrenia ..
- The rank-order consistency of personality traits from childhood to old age: a quantitative review of longitudinal studiesB W Roberts
Department of Psychology, University of Tulsa, USA
Psychol Bull 126:3-25. 2000..7 years. Analysis of moderators of consistency showed that the longitudinal time interval had a negative relation to trait consistency and that temperament dimensions were less consistent than adult personality traits.
- Bipolar disorder: I. Temperament and characterChrister Engström
Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, University of Linkoping, Sweden
J Affect Disord 82:131-4. 2004..The nature of the relationship between personality and bipolar affective disorders is an important but unanswered question...
- Temperament in adults--reliability, stability, and factor structure of the EAS Temperament SurveyAne Naerde
Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
J Pers Assess 82:71-9. 2004..We assessed the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Emotionality, Activity, and Sociability (EAS) Temperament Survey (Buss & Plomin, 1984) for adults using a longitudinal sample of adult women...
- Attention to novelty in behaviorally inhibited adolescents moderates risk for anxietyBethany C Reeb-Sutherland
Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:1365-72. 2009..Children with the temperament of behavioral inhibition (BI) provide a good context for considering the manner in which certain components of ..
- Temperament and character in subjects with obsessive-compulsive disorderSe Joo Kim
Department of Psychiatry and Institute of Behavioral Science in Medicine, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea
Compr Psychiatry 50:567-72. 2009..between personality traits of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and normal controls using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and to examine the relationship of personality traits and the severity of ..
- CRH haplotype as a factor influencing cerebrospinal fluid levels of corticotropin-releasing hormone, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity, temperament, and alcohol consumption in rhesus macaquesChristina S Barr
Laboratory of Clinical Studies, Primate Section, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse Alcoholism, Division of Intramural Clinical and Biological Research, TR 112, PO Box 529, Poolesville, MD 20837, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:934-44. 2008..As such, CRH gene variation may influence risk for alcohol use and dependence...
- Behavioural inhibition: is it a risk factor for anxiety?Ayelet Lahat
Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA
Int Rev Psychiatry 23:248-57. 2011..In the present paper we review the contribution of these factors to the development of anxiety in behaviourally inhibited children...
- The genetic structure of Cloninger's seven-factor model of temperament and character in a Japanese sampleJuko Ando
Keio University, Faculty of Letters, Department of Education, Tokyo, Japan
J Pers 70:583-609. 2002..regarding the genetic and environmental structure of personality proposed in Cloninger's seven-factor model of temperament and character were verified in a Japanese sample by using the twin method...
- The direct and interactive effects of neuroticism and life stress on the severity and longitudinal course of depressive symptomsTimothy A Brown
Center for Anxiety and Related Disorders, Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215 2013, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 120:844-56. 2011..The results are discussed in regard to diathesis-stress conceptual models of emotional disorders and the various roles of stressful life events in the onset, severity, and maintenance of depressive psychopathology...
- Linking gene, brain, and behavior: DRD4, frontal asymmetry, and temperamentLouis A Schmidt
Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
Psychol Sci 20:831-7. 2009..important role, this conceptual approach has not been empirically applied in the study of early-developing temperament in humans. Here we report evidence for a gene-endoenvironment (i.e...
- Temperament and character among Korean children and adolescents with anxiety disordersSoo Churl Cho
Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 18:60-4. 2009The purpose of this study was to evaluate the temperament and character of children and adolescents with anxiety disorders in samples from Korean community...
- Mothers' personality and its interaction with child temperament as predictors of parenting behaviorL A Clark
Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 79:274-85. 2000..The longitudinal links established between personality and parenting behaviors indicate the predictive utility of personality. Findings also highlight the bidirectionality of the early parent-child relationship...
- Temperament and character profiles of patients with tension-type headache and migraineCavit Boz
Department of Neurology, Medical Faculty of Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 58:536-43. 2004The aim of this present study was to evaluate the temperament and character profiles of persons with tension-type headache (TTH) and migraine, and to compare the results with those of healthy controls...
- Temperament and personality dimensions in suicidal and nonsuicidal psychiatric inpatientsMaurizio Pompili
Department of Psychiatry, Sant Andrea Hospital, La Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
Psychopathology 41:313-21. 2008..Suicide is a serious public health problem. In the international literature there is evidence to support the notion that certain temperaments and personality traits are often associated with suicidal behavior...
- Impact of temperament on depression and anxiety symptoms and depressive disorder in a population-based birth cohortEmma Nyman
Public Health Genomics Unit, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland FIMM, University of Helsinki and National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
J Affect Disord 131:393-7. 2011The aim of this study was to characterize at the population level how innate features of temperament relate to experience of depressive mood and anxiety, and whether these symptoms have separable temperamental backgrounds.
- Serotonin transporter availability in the amygdala and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis predicts anxious temperament and brain glucose metabolic activityJonathan A Oler
Departments of Psychiatry, HealthEmotions Research Institute, University of Wisconsin Madison, 53719, USA
J Neurosci 29:9961-6. 2009..performed in 34 rhesus monkeys in which the relationship between regional brain glucose metabolism and anxious temperament was previously established...
- Paternal psychiatric disorders and children's psychosocial developmentPaul Ramchandani
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Lancet 374:646-53. 2009..Improved paternal mental health is likely to improve children's wellbeing and life course...
- The Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R): psychometric characteristics of the French versionA Pelissolo
Psychiatry Department and CNRS UMR 7593, Hopital Pitie Salpetriere, AP HP, Paris, France
Acta Psychiatr Scand 112:126-33. 2005To explore the psychometric characteristics of a modified version of the Cloninger's personality questionnaire, the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R).
- Temperament and character in primary insomniaZara de Saint Hilaire
Sleep Laboratory, University Hospital of Geneva, Belle Idee, 2 chemin Petit Bel Air, 1225, Chene Bourg, Switzerland
Eur Psychiatry 20:188-92. 2005Recent studies by Cloninger suggest that the temperament dimension of harm avoidance might be related to serotonergic activity...
- Psychometric properties of the temperament and character inventory-revised (TCI-R) in a Belgian sampleMichel Hansenne
Department of Cognitive Sciences, University of Liege, Belgium
J Pers Assess 85:40-9. 2005The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI; Cloninger, Przybeck, Svrakic, & Wetzel, 1994) is a self-questionnaire developed to assess the 7 dimensions of personality described by Cloninger et al. (1994) with a total of 29 subscales...
- Corticotropin-releasing hormone during pregnancy is associated with infant temperamentElysia Poggi Davis
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA 92677, USA
Dev Neurosci 27:299-305. 2005..In this study, the effects of placental CRH on infant temperament were examined in a sample of 248 full-term infants...
- Temperament and character in women with postpartum depressionA Josefsson
Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
Arch Womens Ment Health 10:3-7. 2007..To investigate whether women with postpartum depression differ in personality traits from healthy postpartum women, healthy controls from the normal Swedish population and non-postpartum women with major depression...
- Early maladaptive schemas, temperament and character traits in clinically depressed and previously depressed subjectsMarianne Halvorsen
Department of Psychology, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway
Clin Psychol Psychother 16:394-407. 2009The Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ) and the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) have been suggested as vulnerability markers for depression...
- Temperament and character predictors of depressed mood over a 4-year intervalRichard F Farmer
Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
Depress Anxiety 26:371-81. 2009..The present research sought to clarify the contributions of personality to an understanding of the development, course, and maintenance of depressed mood over time...
- The reliability and validity of the junior temperament and character inventoryIn Kyoon Lyoo
Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Hospital, 28 Yongun dong, Chongro Gu, Seoul 110 744, South Korea
Compr Psychiatry 45:121-8. 2004The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory (Junior TCI), a child and adolescent version of the Adult Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), which is based ..
- Temperament and character profile of eating disorders: a controlled study with the Temperament and Character InventorySecondo Fassino
Department of Neurosciences, Psychiatry Section, Service for Eating Disorders, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
Int J Eat Disord 32:412-25. 2002..A way to face this problem is to examine the personality traits underlying these disorders...
- Factor validity of the temperament and character inventory in patients with major depressionT Sato
Department of Psychiatry, Munich University, Munich, Germany
Compr Psychiatry 42:337-41. 2001Cloninger has proposed a seven-factor psychobiological model of personality and has developed the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) to measure four temperament dimensions and three character dimensions...
- The psychobiological theory of temperament and character: comment on Farmer and Goldberg (2008)C Robert Cloninger
Washington University, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Psychol Assess 20:292-9; discussion 300-4. 2008The revised Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-R) is the third stage of development of a widely used multiscale personality inventory that began with the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) and then the Temperament and ..
- Temperament and novelty seeking in adolescent substance use: convergence of dimensions of temperament with constructs from Cloninger's theoryT A Wills
Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 74:387-406. 1998This study investigated the convergence of temperament dimensions with constructs from C. R. Cloninger's (1987a) theory using data from a sample of 949 adolescents (M age = 13.6 years)...
- Temperament, stress reactivity, and coping:implications for depression in childhood and adolescenceBruce E Compas
Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 33:21-31. 2004This article considers the role of temperament in the development of depression during childhood and adolescence...
- An Australian validation study of the temperament and character inventoryG Parker
School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, and Mood Disorders Unit, Black Dog Institute, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia
Acta Psychiatr Scand 108:359-66. 2003To assess the validity of the temperament and character inventory (TCI) measure in an Australian sample.
- Temperament and character traits in major depressive disorder: influence of mood state and recurrence of episodesFabiano G Nery
Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio UTHSCSA, San Antonio, Texas, USA
Depress Anxiety 26:382-8. 2009....
- Human personality dimensions of persistence and harm avoidance associated with DRD4 and 5-HTTLPR polymorphismsA Szekely
Department of Experimental Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Eotvos Lorand University, Izabella u 46, Budapest 1064, Hungary
Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 126:106-10. 2004The associations of human personality traits as measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) with two genetic polymorphisms, the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene exon III repeat polymorphism (VNTR) and the serotonin ..
- Prenatal stress and cognitive development and temperament in infantsJan K Buitelaar
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Medical Center Utrecht, P O Box 85500, Utrecht 3508 GA, The Netherlands
Neurobiol Aging 24:S53-60; discussion S67-8. 2003..Increased maternal stress during pregnancy seems to be one of the determinants of temperamental variation and delay of development of infants and may be a risk factor for developing psychopathology later in life...
- Temperament related to early-onset substance use: test of a developmental modelT A Wills
Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology of Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York, USA
Prev Sci 2:145-63. 2001..A sample of 1,810 public school students was surveyed in sixth grade (M age 11.5 years) and seventh grade. Temperament dimensions were related to substance use, and structural modeling analyses showed indirect effects through self-..
- Typus melancholicus and the Temperament and Character Inventory personality dimensions in patients with major depressionS Kimura
Department of Psychiatry, Kyoto First Red Cross Hospital, Japan
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 54:181-9. 2000..the rigidity subscale of the Munich Personality Test, and maladaptive personality features, as measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), in 131 remitted patients with DSM-IV major depression and 154 normal controls...
- Relationship of type 1 cannabinoid receptor availability in the human brain to novelty-seeking temperamentKoen Van Laere
Division of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:196-204. 2009..Positron emission tomography using fluorine 18-labeled MK-9470 now enables quantification of type 1 cannabinoid receptors (CB1R) in the brain...
- Behavioral reactivity and approach-withdrawal bias in infancyAmie Ashley Hane
Department of Psychology, Williams College, Bronfman Science Center, Williamstown, MA 01267, USA
Dev Psychol 44:1491-6. 2008..and positive (n = 73) reactivity and an unselected control group (n = 86) were administered the Laboratory Temperament Assessment Battery, and baseline electroencephalogram data were collected...
Research Grants101 found, 100 shown here
- Internalization of Moral Standards in Young ChildrenGrazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2005..parent-child dyads for the early development of children's conscience, (2) To examine the role of children's temperament in the development of conscience, alone and in the interplay with early relationships, (3) To explore parent-..
- PROJECT CARE--COCAINE ABUSE IN THE RURAL ENVIRONMENTFONDA EYLER; Fiscal Year: 1993..on the developing child of crack use, maternal and neonatal heath status, infant neurobehavioral status and temperament, maternal factors, and the caregiving environment; (2) determination of dose response effects of prenatal crack ..
- Young Children's Self-Regulation in an Urban Context: A Multilevel AnalysisRACHEL ANNE RAZZA; Fiscal Year: 2010Effortful control (EC), which reflects the self-regulatory aspect of early childhood temperament, develops considerably in the first five years of life...
- Developmental Pathways to Antisocial Behavior: A Translational Research ProgramGrazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2010..Conscience develops in an intricate interplay among child temperament, social relationships, and family ecology...
- EMOTION REGULATION FROM INFANCY TO TODDLERHOODJULIA BRAUNGART RIEKER; Fiscal Year: 2002..Thus, factors such as the child's gender, temperament, cognitive, emerging language development, the developing internal working model of the attachment relationship ..
- Developmental Pathways to Antisocial Behavior: A Translational Research ProgramGrazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2007..Conscience develops in an intricate interplay among child temperament, social relationships, and family ecology...
- Developmental Pathways to Antisocial Behavior: A Translational Research ProgramGrazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2009..Conscience develops in an intricate interplay among child temperament, social relationships, and family ecology...
- PRECURSORS OF RETARDATION IN CHILDREN WITH TEEN MOTHERSJohn Borkowski; Fiscal Year: 2005..cognitive readiness, socioemotional adjustment, parenting behaviors, and early child characteristics such as temperament and attachment status...
- MATERNAL RESPONSE TO INFANTS-- SIGNAL DETECTION ANALYSISLewis Leavitt; Fiscal Year: 2004..Negative emotionality is central to the definition of difficult temperament, together with unreliability and difficulty in being soothed...
- Genetics of Monoamine Endophenotypes and Mental HealthJeffrey Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2006..influences on psychiatric disorders, on levels of monoamine neurotransmitters, and on normal variation in temperament related to disease, the specific genes that affect these traits are not well known...
- EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNALIZED REGULATORS OF BEHAVIORGrazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2006..The applicant?s expertise in temperament, socialization processes, and socioemotional development affords a unique perspective on conscience that ..
- Imaging Individual Differences in Amphetamine EffectsTARA WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2003..Recent placebo controlled studies indicate that the personality or emotional temperament of the individuals exposed to this drug play a role in these effects...
- Temperament and Developmental PsychopathologyDavid Rettew; Fiscal Year: 2007..David Rettew, as an independent investigator in the contribution of child/parent temperament in developmental psychopathology...
- EFFECTS OF PRENATAL COCAINE USE: 15-YEAR FOLLOW-UPGALE RICHARDSON; Fiscal Year: 2007..also a significant interaction between age and prenatal exposure, showing a significant increase in difficult temperament between 1 and 3 years among the cocaine-exposed children...
- Subtypes and Associated Risk Factors in StutteringEhud Yairi; Fiscal Year: 2004..are genetically based and environmentally shaped, reflecting differences in language, motor, and personality/temperament dynamics, manifested in varied symptom patterns...
- Development of social-emotional functioning in children with Williams syndromeDANIELA PLESA SKWERER; Fiscal Year: 2007..focus on how three essential components involved in early socio-affective functioning - attachment relations, temperament, and style of interactive behavior - relate to distinct patterns of social behavior in WS, specifically, to ..
- Temperament, Distraction, and Early VocabularyWALLACE DIXON; Fiscal Year: 2003..of children's receptive and productive vocabularies correlates significantly with specific dimensions of their temperament. Infants and toddlers who are short-attending, socially unapproachable, negative in mood, and relatively ..
- Affect and Cerebral Asymmetry: A Developmental ApproachNATHAN FOX; Fiscal Year: 2007..The current proposal draws upon the research literature in four domains: temperament, frontal EEC asymmetry, mother-child interaction and socialization and the role of cognitive processes in the ..
- Zn & Maternal-Infant Brain Function in S. Ethiopia: Randomized Controlled TrialsK Hambidge; Fiscal Year: 2009..are to determine the effects of maternal and infant zinc (Zn) supplementation on: maternal-infant cognition, temperament and bonding and on pre-and post-natal brain growth...
- Zn & Maternal-Infant Brain Function in S. Ethiopia: Randomized Controlled TrialsK Hambidge; Fiscal Year: 2007..are to determine the effects of maternal and infant zinc (Zn) supplementation on: maternal-infant cognition, temperament and bonding and on pre-and post-natal brain growth...
- PSYCHOBIOLOGY AND TEMPERAMENT IN HIGH RISK CHILDRENJanet Fairbanks; Fiscal Year: 2002..to further understanding of the developmental psychopathology of anxiety disorders through the study of early temperament. The goal is to conduct an in-depth examination of behaviorally inhibited temperament and its biological ..
- Vulnerability and Protective Factors for Early OnsetThomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2006..Child participants will be drawn from a general school population on the basis of teacher ratings of temperament; participants will be oversampled from the highest 30 percent on the temperament-risk distribution and randomly ..
- Biobehavioral Characterization of Infant Rhesus MonkeysJohn P Capitanio; Fiscal Year: 2010..research with rodents, nonhuman primates, and humans have documented the existence of individual differences in temperament, emotionality, behavioral and physiological reactivity, and personality, which we refer to as biobehavioral ..
- Biobehavioral Characterization of Infant Rhesus MonkeysJohn Capitanio; Fiscal Year: 2009..research with rodents, nonhuman primates, and humans have documented the existence of individual differences in temperament, emotionality, behavioral and physiological reactivity, and personality, which we refer to as biobehavioral ..