temperament

Summary

Summary: Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Temperament, character, and personality disorders
    S M de la Rie
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
    J Pers Disord 12:362-72. 1998
  2. ncbi Integrating animal temperament within ecology and evolution
    Denis Reale
    Canada Research Chair in Behavioural Ecology and Groupe de Recherche en Ecologie Comportementale et Animale, Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 82:291-318. 2007
  3. ncbi Investigations of temperament at three to seven years: the Children's Behavior Questionnaire
    M K Rothbart
    Dept of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403 1227, USA
    Child Dev 72:1394-408. 2001
  4. pmc A common allele in the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) impacts prosocial temperament and human hypothalamic-limbic structure and function
    Heike Tost
    Clinical Brain Disorders Branch, Genes, Cognition, and Psychosis Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:13936-41. 2010
  5. ncbi Temperament and character inventory (TCI) and depression
    M Hansenne
    Psychiatric Unit, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire du Sart Tilnan, Liege, Belgium
    J Psychiatr Res 33:31-6. 1999
  6. doi Can onset and recovery in depression be predicted by temperament? A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Olli Kampman
    University of Tampere, Medical School, Tampere, Finland
    J Affect Disord 135:20-7. 2011
  7. ncbi Prenatal exposure to maternal depression and cortisol influences infant temperament
    Elysia Poggi Davis
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:737-46. 2007
  8. ncbi Evaluating the state dependency of the Temperament and Character Inventory dimensions in patients with major depression: a methodological contribution
    Shigeki Hirano
    Department of Psychiatry, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Dengakugakubo 1 98, Kutsukake, Toyoake City, Japan 470 1192
    J Affect Disord 69:31-8. 2002
  9. ncbi Predictors of postpartum depression: an update
    C T Beck
    School of Nursing, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269, USA
    Nurs Res 50:275-85. 2001
  10. ncbi A sib-pair study of the Temperament and Character Inventory scales in major depression
    Anne Farmer
    Medical Research Council, Social Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:490-6. 2003

Detail Information

Publications287 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Temperament, character, and personality disorders
    S M de la Rie
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
    J Pers Disord 12:362-72. 1998
    This study compares two self-report instruments--the Dutch version of Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and the Questionnaire on Personality Traits (VKP)--in a Dutch sample of 148 people in a healthy population...
  2. ncbi Integrating animal temperament within ecology and evolution
    Denis Reale
    Canada Research Chair in Behavioural Ecology and Groupe de Recherche en Ecologie Comportementale et Animale, Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 82:291-318. 2007
    b>Temperament describes the idea that individual behavioural differences are repeatable over time and across situations...
  3. ncbi Investigations of temperament at three to seven years: the Children's Behavior Questionnaire
    M K Rothbart
    Dept of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403 1227, USA
    Child Dev 72:1394-408. 2001
    ..and validity of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ), and presents CBQ data on the structure of temperament in childhood...
  4. pmc A common allele in the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) impacts prosocial temperament and human hypothalamic-limbic structure and function
    Heike Tost
    Clinical Brain Disorders Branch, Genes, Cognition, and Psychosis Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:13936-41. 2010
    ..human subjects to identify structural and functional alterations in OXTR risk allele carriers and their link to temperament. Activation and interregional coupling of the amygdala during the processing of emotionally salient social cues ..
  5. ncbi Temperament and character inventory (TCI) and depression
    M Hansenne
    Psychiatric Unit, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire du Sart Tilnan, Liege, Belgium
    J Psychiatr Res 33:31-6. 1999
    Although several studies have assessed the relationships between the temperament dimensions of the Cloninger model of personality and depression, little is known about the role played by the character dimensions proposed by the seven-..
  6. doi Can onset and recovery in depression be predicted by temperament? A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Olli Kampman
    University of Tampere, Medical School, Tampere, Finland
    J Affect Disord 135:20-7. 2011
    Behavioural inhibition and more specifically harm avoidance temperament dimension (HA) has been found to be associated with depression. Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) by Cloninger et al...
  7. ncbi Prenatal exposure to maternal depression and cortisol influences infant temperament
    Elysia Poggi Davis
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:737-46. 2007
    ..Few prospective studies of human pregnancy have examined the consequences of prenatal exposure to stress and stress hormones...
  8. ncbi Evaluating the state dependency of the Temperament and Character Inventory dimensions in patients with major depression: a methodological contribution
    Shigeki Hirano
    Department of Psychiatry, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Dengakugakubo 1 98, Kutsukake, Toyoake City, Japan 470 1192
    J Affect Disord 69:31-8. 2002
    ..Little is known as to whether or not the seven personality dimensions of Cloninger's theory, particularly the three character dimensions newly included in the theory, are independent of the states of depression...
  9. ncbi Predictors of postpartum depression: an update
    C T Beck
    School of Nursing, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269, USA
    Nurs Res 50:275-85. 2001
    ..Approximately 13% of women experience postpartum depression. Early recognition is one of the most difficult challenges with this mood disorder because of how covertly it is suffered...
  10. ncbi A sib-pair study of the Temperament and Character Inventory scales in major depression
    Anne Farmer
    Medical Research Council, Social Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:490-6. 2003
    ..A sib-pair method has been used to examine the familiality of the 7 scales of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and whether this could be related to the genetic vulnerability to develop ..
  11. pmc Infant joint attention, temperament, and social competence in preschool children
    Amy Vaughan Van Hecke
    University of Miami, USA
    Child Dev 78:53-69. 2007
    ..were related to 30-month social competence and externalizing behavior, even when accounting for 15-month temperament ratings, 24-month cognition and language, and demographic variables...
  12. ncbi Childhood temperament and long-term sickness absence in adult life
    Max Henderson
    Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, Department of Psychological Medicine, Weston Education Centre, Cutcombe Road, London SE5 9RJ, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 194:220-3. 2009
    Little is known as to whether childhood temperament is associated with long-term sickness absence in adult life.
  13. ncbi Cloninger's temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with major depressive disorder
    Feryal Cam Celikel
    Department of Psychiatry, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, 60100 Tokat, Turkey
    Compr Psychiatry 50:556-61. 2009
    ..outpatients (67 women, 14 men) and 51 healthy controls (35 women, 16 men) filled out the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)...
  14. pmc Parental depression and child temperament: assessing child to parent effects in a longitudinal population study
    Lucy Hanington
    University of Oxford Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Headington, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
    Infant Behav Dev 33:88-95. 2010
    Current research supports a link between maternal depression and difficult child temperament. The direction of effect is often assumed to be from parent to child, but few studies have addressed child to parent effects...
  15. ncbi A large population cohort provides normative data for investigation of temperament
    J Miettunen
    Department of Psychiatry, Oulu University, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 110:150-7. 2004
    We evaluated the psychometric properties of widely used scales for assessing temperament in a large birth cohort...
  16. ncbi Continuity and discontinuity of behavioral inhibition and exuberance: psychophysiological and behavioral influences across the first four years of life
    N A Fox
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA
    Child Dev 72:1-21. 2001
    ..Four-month temperament was modestly predictive of behavioral inhibition over the first 2 years of life and of behavioral reticence at ..
  17. ncbi Temperament and character during the course of unipolar depression among inpatients
    J Richter
    Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitat Rostock, Germany
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 250:40-7. 2000
    ..g. self-directedness and cooperativeness) of the patients classified into these groups both at admission and at discharge compared with their healthy counterparts...
  18. ncbi Character and temperament in major depressive disorder and a highly anxious-retarded subtype derived from melancholia
    Remco F P de Winter
    Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Compr Psychiatry 48:426-35. 2007
    ..As 2 character dimensions of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), self-directedness (SD) and cooperativeness, parsimoniously predict the presence ..
  19. ncbi Temperament as a unifying basis for personality and psychopathology
    Lee Anna Clark
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 1316, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 114:505-21. 2005
    ..and proposes an integrative framework to explain personality-psychopathology relations: Three broad, innate temperament dimensions--negative affectivity, positive affectivity, and disinhibition--differentiate through both ..
  20. ncbi Temperament and character personality profiles and personality disorders in chronic pain patients
    Rupert Conrad
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Bonn, Sigmund Freud Str 25, 53105 Bonn, Germany
    Pain 133:197-209. 2007
    ..Participants were assessed using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), the Structured-Clinical-Interview-II, the Beck Depression Inventory and the ..
  21. ncbi Relation of temperament and character properties with clinical presentation of bipolar disorder
    Aslihan Sayin
    Psychiatry Department, Gazi University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
    Compr Psychiatry 48:446-51. 2007
    The purpose of this study was to examine the underlying temperament and character properties of patients with bipolar disorder and explore the possible connections between these properties and clinical presentation of the illness.
  22. pmc Stable early maternal report of behavioral inhibition predicts lifetime social anxiety disorder in adolescence
    Andrea Chronis-Tuscano
    Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 48:928-35. 2009
    ..It was hypothesized that stable BI would predict the presence of adolescent psychiatric diagnoses, specifically SAD...
  23. pmc Attention biases to threat link behavioral inhibition to social withdrawal over time in very young children
    Koraly Perez-Edgar
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 39:885-95. 2011
    ..attention biases to threat may sustain high levels of behavioral inhibition (BI) over time, helping link early temperament to social outcomes...
  24. doi Temperament profiles, major depression, and response to treatment with SSRIs in psychiatric outpatients
    O Kampman
    University of Tampere, Medical School, 33014 Tampere, Finland
    Eur Psychiatry 27:245-9. 2012
    The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is commonly used in adult populations...
  25. ncbi Interactions between child behavior patterns and parenting: implications for children's unintentional injury risk
    David C Schwebel
    Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1300 University Boulevard, CH 415, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 29:93-104. 2004
    ..Along with hypotheses to replicate previous univariate effects, it was hypothesized that active, involved parents with sufficient time resources might reduce injury risk among temperamentally at-risk children...
  26. ncbi Inhibited and uninhibited infants "grown up": adult amygdalar response to novelty
    Carl E Schwartz
    Developmental Psychopathology Research Group, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital MGH, Harvard Medical School, 13th Street, Building 149, CNY 9, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Science 300:1952-3. 2003
    Infants with an inhibited temperament tend to develop into children who avoid people, objects, and situations that are novel or unfamiliar, whereas uninhibited children spontaneously approach novel persons, objects, and situations...
  27. doi Differences in temperament and character dimensions in patients with bipolar I or II or major depressive disorder and general population subjects
    P Jylhä
    Department of Mental Health and Substance Use, National Institute of Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Psychol Med 41:1579-91. 2011
    Whether temperament and character differ between bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) patients and general population subjects, or between BD I and BD II patients, remains unclear.
  28. ncbi Psychometric properties of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) questionnaire in a Spanish psychiatric population
    F Gutierrez
    Clinic Institute of Psychiatry and Psychology, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Spain
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 103:143-7. 2001
    The psychometric properties of the Spanish version of Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) were examined in a psychiatric population.
  29. doi Normative data and factorial structure of the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory
    Samet Kose
    Medical University of South Carolina, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 50:361-8. 2009
    ..model of personality accounts for both normal and abnormal variation in 2 major personality components: temperament and character...
  30. ncbi Maternal trait anxiety, depression and life event stress in pregnancy: relationships with infant temperament
    Marie Paule Austin
    School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Prince of Wales Hospital, High Street Randwick 2031, Sydney, Australia
    Early Hum Dev 81:183-90. 2005
    To assess whether links exist between maternal trait anxiety (STAI), perceived life event (LE) stress and depression (Edinburgh scale) and infant temperament.
  31. ncbi Temperament and depressive symptoms: a population-based longitudinal study on Cloninger's psychobiological temperament model
    Marko Elovainio
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, PO Box 9, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    J Affect Disord 83:227-32. 2004
    This study examined whether temperament dimensions, as indicated by Cloninger's psychobiological model [Cloninger, C.R., Svrakic, D.M., Przybeck, T.R., 1993. A psychobiological model of temperament and character. Arch. Gen...
  32. ncbi Validation and normative studies of the Brazilian Portuguese and American versions of the Temperament and Character Inventory - Revised (TCI-R)
    Daniel Maffasioli Goncalves
    Department of Epidemiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    J Affect Disord 124:126-33. 2010
    The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was first described in 1993. It was designed to measure the character and temperament dimensions of Cloninger's model of personality using a true-false response format...
  33. doi Full syndrome and subthreshold attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a Korean community sample: comorbidity and temperament findings
    Soo Churl Cho
    Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 18:447-57. 2009
    ..The main objective of this study was to investigate the comorbid disorders and temperamental profiles of full syndrome and subthreshold attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
  34. ncbi Gender differences in temperament: a meta-analysis
    Nicole M Else-Quest
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:33-72. 2006
    ..to estimate the magnitude of gender differences in mean level and variability of 35 dimensions and 3 factors of temperament in children ages 3 months to 13 years...
  35. ncbi Differential amygdalar response to novel versus newly familiar neutral faces: a functional MRI probe developed for studying inhibited temperament
    Carl E Schwartz
    Developmental Psychopathology Research Group CES, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown 02129, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 53:854-62. 2003
    ..Prior neuroimaging studies of the amygdala in humans to date have focused principally on responses to emotional stimuli, primarily aversive, rather than to novelty per se...
  36. pmc Amygdalar and hippocampal substrates of anxious temperament differ in their heritability
    Jonathan A Oler
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53719, USA
    Nature 466:864-8. 2010
    Anxious temperament (AT) in human and non-human primates is a trait-like phenotype evident early in life that is characterized by increased behavioural and physiological reactivity to mildly threatening stimuli...
  37. ncbi Influence of RGS2 on anxiety-related temperament, personality, and brain function
    Jordan W Smoller
    Center for Human Genetic Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:298-308. 2008
    ..The gene encoding regulator of G protein signaling 2 (Rgs2) is a quantitative trait gene that influences mouse anxiety behavior, making its human ortholog (RGS2) a compelling candidate gene for human anxiety phenotypes...
  38. ncbi Behavioral inhibition: linking biology and behavior within a developmental framework
    Nathan A Fox
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 56:235-62. 2005
    Behavioral inhibition refers to a temperament or style of reacting that some infants and young children exhibit when confronted with novel situations or unfamiliar adults or peers...
  39. ncbi The preservation of two infant temperaments into adolescence
    Jerome Kagan
    Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Monogr Soc Res Child Dev 72:1-75, vii; discussion 76-91. 2007
  40. ncbi TEMPS-A: validation of a short version of a self-rated instrument designed to measure variations in temperament
    Hagop S Akiskal
    Department of Psychiatry, International Mood Center, University of California, San Diego, VA Psychiatry 116A, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    J Affect Disord 85:45-52. 2005
    To validate a short English-language version of the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-autoquestionnaire version (TEMPS-A), a self-report questionnaire designed to measure temperamental variations in psychiatric ..
  41. ncbi Temperament, character, and personality disorders: etiologic, diagnostic, treatment issues
    D M Svrakic
    Department of Psychiatry and Center for Psychobiology of Personality, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 106:189-95. 2002
    ..underlying dimensional structure of personality disorder, propose a novel approach to its diagnosis, and outline our concepts of its etiology and treatment based on the seven factor psychobiological model of temperament and character.
  42. doi Symptomatic overlap between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and borderline personality disorder in women: the role of temperament and character traits
    Fiona E van Dijk
    Department of Psychiatry 961, Nijmegen Centre for Evidence Based Practice, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, The Netherlands
    Compr Psychiatry 53:39-47. 2012
    ..The role of temperament and character traits in the differentiation of classes of patients with similar ADHD and BPD symptom profiles ..
  43. ncbi The bitter with the sweet: the taste/stress/temperament nexus
    N K Dess
    Department of Psychology, Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA 90041, USA
    Biol Psychol 48:103-19. 1998
    ..The present study concerned stress-induced changes in taste and its modulation by temperament in people...
  44. pmc Startle response in behaviorally inhibited adolescents with a lifetime occurrence of anxiety disorders
    Bethany C Reeb-Sutherland
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, 3304 Benjamin Building, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 48:610-7. 2009
    ..The current study examines whether the startle reflex response may be used to differentiate between behaviorally inhibited adolescents with and without a history of anxiety...
  45. ncbi Measuring a behaviorally inhibited temperament style: development and initial validation of new self-report measures
    Gemma Gladstone
    School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales and Mood Disorders Unit, Black Dog Institute, The Villa, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, 2031, Australia
    Psychiatry Res 135:133-43. 2005
    An inhibited temperament early in life has been implicated as a risk factor for the later development of clinically meaningful anxiety and possibly depression...
  46. doi Cloninger's temperament traits and preclinical atherosclerosis: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study
    Mirka Hintsanen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Psychosom Res 67:77-84. 2009
    Cloninger's psychobiological model of temperament has recently raised interest as a risk factor for CHD. However, there are no studies that have examined the associations of Cloninger's temperament traits with atherosclerosis.
  47. ncbi Familiality of temperament in bipolar disorder: support for a genetic spectrum
    Lynn Evans
    Department of Psychiatry, UCSD, School of Medicine, University of California, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0603, USA
    J Affect Disord 85:153-68. 2005
    ..Consistent with this idea, it has been proposed that an underlying quantitative variation in temperament may be the primary phenotype that is genetically transmitted and that it in turn predisposes to bipolar ..
  48. doi Validity and reliability of the Japanese version of the Temperament and Character Inventory: a study of university and college students
    Mika Takeuchi
    Jiyugaoka Sanno College School of Business Administration, Tokyo, Japan
    Compr Psychiatry 52:109-17. 2011
    The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a widely used self-report measure of adult personality.
  49. ncbi The distinct temperament profiles of bipolar I, bipolar II and unipolar patients
    Hagop S Akiskal
    National Institute of Mental Health Collaborative Program on the Psychobiology of Depression, Clinical Studies, Rockville, MD, USA
    J Affect Disord 92:19-33. 2006
    ..studies, controversies abound on whether the long-term traits of unipolar and bipolar patients could be differentiated by temperament and whether these traits, in turn, could be distinguished from subthreshold affective symptomatology.
  50. pmc Maternal oxytocin response during mother-infant interaction: associations with adult temperament
    Lane Strathearn
    Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Horm Behav 61:429-35. 2012
    ..purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of self-reported state and trait measures (such as temperament, mood and affect) with peripheral oxytocin response in mothers...
  51. doi Early childhood aetiology of mental health problems: a longitudinal population-based study
    Jordana K Bayer
    Centre for Community Child Health, The University of Melbourne, Australia
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:1166-74. 2008
    ..We aimed to identify child, parenting, and family predictors from infancy in the development of externalising and internalising behaviour problems by age 3 years...
  52. ncbi An examination of emotion regulation, temperament, and parenting style as potential predictors of adolescent depression risk status: a correlational study
    Jennifer Betts
    School of Psychology, Psychiatry, and Psychological Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Br J Dev Psychol 27:473-85. 2009
    ..This study investigated both traditional (temperament and parenting) and novel (emotion regulation strategy) risk factors associated with adolescent depression...
  53. ncbi Externalizing behaviors and minor unintentional injuries in toddlers: common risk factors?
    C van Aken
    Department of Developmental Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Pediatr Psychol 32:230-44. 2007
    ..To investigate predictors for externalizing behaviors and minor unintentional injuries in toddlers and to examine whether common risk factors can be identified...
  54. pmc Breastfeeding and infant temperament at age three months
    Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e29326. 2012
    To examine the relationship between breastfeeding and maternally-rated infant temperament at age 3 months, 316 infants in the prospective Cambridge Baby Growth Study, UK had infant temperament assessed at age 3 months by mothers using ..
  55. ncbi The development of children's ideal and ought self-guides: parenting, temperament, and individual differences in guide strength
    Nanmathi Manian
    Child and Family Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD 20892 7971, USA
    J Pers 74:1619-45. 2006
    ..in two different data sets and validated that factor structure by examining its associations with maternal temperament. In turn, the parenting factors predicted individual differences in children's orientations to ideal and ought ..
  56. ncbi Sleep disturbances and teacher ratings of school achievement and temperament in children
    Oliviero Bruni
    Department of Developmental Neurology and Psychiatry, Center for Pediatric Sleep Disorders, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Sabelli 108, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Sleep Med 7:43-8. 2006
    The current study examined the relationships between academic achievement, sleep, temperament and demographic-historical data in school-age children.
  57. ncbi Tolerance allows bonobos to outperform chimpanzees on a cooperative task
    Brian Hare
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Curr Biol 17:619-23. 2007
    ..These results support the emotional-reactivity hypothesis. Selection on temperament may in part explain the variance in cooperative ability across species, including hominoids.
  58. pmc A genome-wide association study of Cloninger's temperament scales: implications for the evolutionary genetics of personality
    Karin J H Verweij
    Genetic Epidemiology, Molecular Epidemiology, and Queensland Statistical Genetics Laboratories, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Biol Psychol 85:306-17. 2010
    ..We performed the first genome-wide association study of Cloninger's temperament scales in a sample of 5117 individuals, in order to identify common genetic variants underlying variation in ..
  59. doi Individual differences in local gray and white matter volumes reflect differences in temperament and character: a voxel-based morphometry study in healthy young females
    Peter Van Schuerbeek
    Department of Radiology, UZ Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel VUB, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium
    Brain Res 1371:32-42. 2011
    The psychobiological personality model of Cloninger distinguishes four heritable temperament traits (harm avoidance (HA), novelty seeking (NS), reward dependence (RD) and persistence (P)) and three character traits (self-directedness (SD)..
  60. ncbi Temperament and character in patients with borderline personality disorder taking gender and comorbidity into account
    Sven Barnow
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
    Psychopathology 40:369-78. 2007
    ..The results indicate that only males with BPD presented an 'explosive' temperament suggested by Cloninger, with simultaneously high levels of novelty seeking and harm avoidance...
  61. ncbi Infant temperament predicts life span in female rats that develop spontaneous tumors
    Sonia A Cavigelli
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, 315 E Health and Human Development Building East, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Horm Behav 50:454-62. 2006
    ..Thus, we identified prolactin, estrogen, progesterone and possibly corticosterone dynamics as candidates for neuroendocrine mechanisms linking infant temperament with onset of adult neoplastic disease.
  62. ncbi Temperament and character personality dimensions in patients with dental anxiety
    Maud Bergdahl
    Department of Odontology, Umea University, Sweden
    Eur J Oral Sci 111:93-8. 2003
    The aim of the present study was to investigate character and temperament dimensions of personality in six men and 31 women (aged 20-57 yr) with severe dental anxiety, and to evaluate whether these dimensions were associated with the ..
  63. doi Temperament and character dimensions in patients with schizophrenia, relatives, and controls
    Miguel Angel Gonzalez-Torres
    Department of Neuroscience, Basque Country University, Bilbao, Spain
    J Nerv Ment Dis 197:514-9. 2009
    ..We used Temperament and Character Inventory to explore personality dimensions in 61 clinically stable patients with schizophrenia ..
  64. ncbi The rank-order consistency of personality traits from childhood to old age: a quantitative review of longitudinal studies
    B W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Tulsa, USA
    Psychol Bull 126:3-25. 2000
    ..7 years. Analysis of moderators of consistency showed that the longitudinal time interval had a negative relation to trait consistency and that temperament dimensions were less consistent than adult personality traits.
  65. ncbi Bipolar disorder: I. Temperament and character
    Christer Engström
    Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, University of Linkoping, Sweden
    J Affect Disord 82:131-4. 2004
    ..The nature of the relationship between personality and bipolar affective disorders is an important but unanswered question...
  66. ncbi Temperament in adults--reliability, stability, and factor structure of the EAS Temperament Survey
    Ane Naerde
    Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    J Pers Assess 82:71-9. 2004
    ..We assessed the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Emotionality, Activity, and Sociability (EAS) Temperament Survey (Buss & Plomin, 1984) for adults using a longitudinal sample of adult women...
  67. pmc Attention to novelty in behaviorally inhibited adolescents moderates risk for anxiety
    Bethany C Reeb-Sutherland
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:1365-72. 2009
    ..Children with the temperament of behavioral inhibition (BI) provide a good context for considering the manner in which certain components of ..
  68. ncbi Temperament and character in subjects with obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Se Joo Kim
    Department of Psychiatry and Institute of Behavioral Science in Medicine, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea
    Compr Psychiatry 50:567-72. 2009
    ..between personality traits of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and normal controls using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and to examine the relationship of personality traits and the severity of ..
  69. pmc CRH haplotype as a factor influencing cerebrospinal fluid levels of corticotropin-releasing hormone, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity, temperament, and alcohol consumption in rhesus macaques
    Christina S Barr
    Laboratory of Clinical Studies, Primate Section, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse Alcoholism, Division of Intramural Clinical and Biological Research, TR 112, PO Box 529, Poolesville, MD 20837, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:934-44. 2008
    ..As such, CRH gene variation may influence risk for alcohol use and dependence...
  70. doi Behavioural inhibition: is it a risk factor for anxiety?
    Ayelet Lahat
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA
    Int Rev Psychiatry 23:248-57. 2011
    ..In the present paper we review the contribution of these factors to the development of anxiety in behaviourally inhibited children...
  71. ncbi The genetic structure of Cloninger's seven-factor model of temperament and character in a Japanese sample
    Juko Ando
    Keio University, Faculty of Letters, Department of Education, Tokyo, Japan
    J Pers 70:583-609. 2002
    ..regarding the genetic and environmental structure of personality proposed in Cloninger's seven-factor model of temperament and character were verified in a Japanese sample by using the twin method...
  72. pmc The direct and interactive effects of neuroticism and life stress on the severity and longitudinal course of depressive symptoms
    Timothy A Brown
    Center for Anxiety and Related Disorders, Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215 2013, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 120:844-56. 2011
    ..The results are discussed in regard to diathesis-stress conceptual models of emotional disorders and the various roles of stressful life events in the onset, severity, and maintenance of depressive psychopathology...
  73. pmc Linking gene, brain, and behavior: DRD4, frontal asymmetry, and temperament
    Louis A Schmidt
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
    Psychol Sci 20:831-7. 2009
    ..important role, this conceptual approach has not been empirically applied in the study of early-developing temperament in humans. Here we report evidence for a gene-endoenvironment (i.e...
  74. doi Temperament and character among Korean children and adolescents with anxiety disorders
    Soo Churl Cho
    Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 18:60-4. 2009
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the temperament and character of children and adolescents with anxiety disorders in samples from Korean community...
  75. ncbi Mothers' personality and its interaction with child temperament as predictors of parenting behavior
    L A Clark
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 79:274-85. 2000
    ..The longitudinal links established between personality and parenting behaviors indicate the predictive utility of personality. Findings also highlight the bidirectionality of the early parent-child relationship...
  76. ncbi Temperament and character profiles of patients with tension-type headache and migraine
    Cavit Boz
    Department of Neurology, Medical Faculty of Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 58:536-43. 2004
    The aim of this present study was to evaluate the temperament and character profiles of persons with tension-type headache (TTH) and migraine, and to compare the results with those of healthy controls...
  77. ncbi Temperament and personality dimensions in suicidal and nonsuicidal psychiatric inpatients
    Maurizio Pompili
    Department of Psychiatry, Sant Andrea Hospital, La Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
    Psychopathology 41:313-21. 2008
    ..Suicide is a serious public health problem. In the international literature there is evidence to support the notion that certain temperaments and personality traits are often associated with suicidal behavior...
  78. doi Impact of temperament on depression and anxiety symptoms and depressive disorder in a population-based birth cohort
    Emma Nyman
    Public Health Genomics Unit, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland FIMM, University of Helsinki and National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    J Affect Disord 131:393-7. 2011
    The aim of this study was to characterize at the population level how innate features of temperament relate to experience of depressive mood and anxiety, and whether these symptoms have separable temperamental backgrounds.
  79. pmc Serotonin transporter availability in the amygdala and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis predicts anxious temperament and brain glucose metabolic activity
    Jonathan A Oler
    Departments of Psychiatry, HealthEmotions Research Institute, University of Wisconsin Madison, 53719, USA
    J Neurosci 29:9961-6. 2009
    ..performed in 34 rhesus monkeys in which the relationship between regional brain glucose metabolism and anxious temperament was previously established...
  80. ncbi Paternal psychiatric disorders and children's psychosocial development
    Paul Ramchandani
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 374:646-53. 2009
    ..Improved paternal mental health is likely to improve children's wellbeing and life course...
  81. ncbi The Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R): psychometric characteristics of the French version
    A Pelissolo
    Psychiatry Department and CNRS UMR 7593, Hopital Pitie Salpetriere, AP HP, Paris, France
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 112:126-33. 2005
    To explore the psychometric characteristics of a modified version of the Cloninger's personality questionnaire, the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R).
  82. ncbi Temperament and character in primary insomnia
    Zara de Saint Hilaire
    Sleep Laboratory, University Hospital of Geneva, Belle Idee, 2 chemin Petit Bel Air, 1225, Chene Bourg, Switzerland
    Eur Psychiatry 20:188-92. 2005
    Recent studies by Cloninger suggest that the temperament dimension of harm avoidance might be related to serotonergic activity...
  83. ncbi Psychometric properties of the temperament and character inventory-revised (TCI-R) in a Belgian sample
    Michel Hansenne
    Department of Cognitive Sciences, University of Liege, Belgium
    J Pers Assess 85:40-9. 2005
    The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI; Cloninger, Przybeck, Svrakic, & Wetzel, 1994) is a self-questionnaire developed to assess the 7 dimensions of personality described by Cloninger et al. (1994) with a total of 29 subscales...
  84. ncbi Corticotropin-releasing hormone during pregnancy is associated with infant temperament
    Elysia Poggi Davis
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA 92677, USA
    Dev Neurosci 27:299-305. 2005
    ..In this study, the effects of placental CRH on infant temperament were examined in a sample of 248 full-term infants...
  85. ncbi Temperament and character in women with postpartum depression
    A Josefsson
    Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
    Arch Womens Ment Health 10:3-7. 2007
    ..To investigate whether women with postpartum depression differ in personality traits from healthy postpartum women, healthy controls from the normal Swedish population and non-postpartum women with major depression...
  86. doi Early maladaptive schemas, temperament and character traits in clinically depressed and previously depressed subjects
    Marianne Halvorsen
    Department of Psychology, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway
    Clin Psychol Psychother 16:394-407. 2009
    The Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ) and the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) have been suggested as vulnerability markers for depression...
  87. doi Temperament and character predictors of depressed mood over a 4-year interval
    Richard F Farmer
    Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Depress Anxiety 26:371-81. 2009
    ..The present research sought to clarify the contributions of personality to an understanding of the development, course, and maintenance of depressed mood over time...
  88. ncbi The reliability and validity of the junior temperament and character inventory
    In Kyoon Lyoo
    Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Hospital, 28 Yongun dong, Chongro Gu, Seoul 110 744, South Korea
    Compr Psychiatry 45:121-8. 2004
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory (Junior TCI), a child and adolescent version of the Adult Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), which is based ..
  89. ncbi Temperament and character profile of eating disorders: a controlled study with the Temperament and Character Inventory
    Secondo Fassino
    Department of Neurosciences, Psychiatry Section, Service for Eating Disorders, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
    Int J Eat Disord 32:412-25. 2002
    ..A way to face this problem is to examine the personality traits underlying these disorders...
  90. ncbi Factor validity of the temperament and character inventory in patients with major depression
    T Sato
    Department of Psychiatry, Munich University, Munich, Germany
    Compr Psychiatry 42:337-41. 2001
    Cloninger has proposed a seven-factor psychobiological model of personality and has developed the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) to measure four temperament dimensions and three character dimensions...
  91. ncbi The psychobiological theory of temperament and character: comment on Farmer and Goldberg (2008)
    C Robert Cloninger
    Washington University, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Psychol Assess 20:292-9; discussion 300-4. 2008
    The revised Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-R) is the third stage of development of a widely used multiscale personality inventory that began with the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) and then the Temperament and ..
  92. ncbi Temperament and novelty seeking in adolescent substance use: convergence of dimensions of temperament with constructs from Cloninger's theory
    T A Wills
    Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 74:387-406. 1998
    This study investigated the convergence of temperament dimensions with constructs from C. R. Cloninger's (1987a) theory using data from a sample of 949 adolescents (M age = 13.6 years)...
  93. ncbi Temperament, stress reactivity, and coping:implications for depression in childhood and adolescence
    Bruce E Compas
    Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 33:21-31. 2004
    This article considers the role of temperament in the development of depression during childhood and adolescence...
  94. ncbi An Australian validation study of the temperament and character inventory
    G Parker
    School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, and Mood Disorders Unit, Black Dog Institute, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 108:359-66. 2003
    To assess the validity of the temperament and character inventory (TCI) measure in an Australian sample.
  95. doi Temperament and character traits in major depressive disorder: influence of mood state and recurrence of episodes
    Fabiano G Nery
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio UTHSCSA, San Antonio, Texas, USA
    Depress Anxiety 26:382-8. 2009
    ....
  96. ncbi Human personality dimensions of persistence and harm avoidance associated with DRD4 and 5-HTTLPR polymorphisms
    A Szekely
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Eotvos Lorand University, Izabella u 46, Budapest 1064, Hungary
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 126:106-10. 2004
    The associations of human personality traits as measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) with two genetic polymorphisms, the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene exon III repeat polymorphism (VNTR) and the serotonin ..
  97. ncbi Prenatal stress and cognitive development and temperament in infants
    Jan K Buitelaar
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Medical Center Utrecht, P O Box 85500, Utrecht 3508 GA, The Netherlands
    Neurobiol Aging 24:S53-60; discussion S67-8. 2003
    ..Increased maternal stress during pregnancy seems to be one of the determinants of temperamental variation and delay of development of infants and may be a risk factor for developing psychopathology later in life...
  98. ncbi Temperament related to early-onset substance use: test of a developmental model
    T A Wills
    Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology of Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York, USA
    Prev Sci 2:145-63. 2001
    ..A sample of 1,810 public school students was surveyed in sixth grade (M age 11.5 years) and seventh grade. Temperament dimensions were related to substance use, and structural modeling analyses showed indirect effects through self-..
  99. ncbi Typus melancholicus and the Temperament and Character Inventory personality dimensions in patients with major depression
    S Kimura
    Department of Psychiatry, Kyoto First Red Cross Hospital, Japan
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 54:181-9. 2000
    ..the rigidity subscale of the Munich Personality Test, and maladaptive personality features, as measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), in 131 remitted patients with DSM-IV major depression and 154 normal controls...
  100. doi Relationship of type 1 cannabinoid receptor availability in the human brain to novelty-seeking temperament
    Koen Van Laere
    Division of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:196-204. 2009
    ..Positron emission tomography using fluorine 18-labeled MK-9470 now enables quantification of type 1 cannabinoid receptors (CB1R) in the brain...
  101. pmc Behavioral reactivity and approach-withdrawal bias in infancy
    Amie Ashley Hane
    Department of Psychology, Williams College, Bronfman Science Center, Williamstown, MA 01267, USA
    Dev Psychol 44:1491-6. 2008
    ..and positive (n = 73) reactivity and an unselected control group (n = 86) were administered the Laboratory Temperament Assessment Battery, and baseline electroencephalogram data were collected...

Research Grants101 found, 100 shown here

  1. Internalization of Moral Standards in Young Children
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..parent-child dyads for the early development of children's conscience, (2) To examine the role of children's temperament in the development of conscience, alone and in the interplay with early relationships, (3) To explore parent-..
  2. PROJECT CARE--COCAINE ABUSE IN THE RURAL ENVIRONMENT
    FONDA EYLER; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..on the developing child of crack use, maternal and neonatal heath status, infant neurobehavioral status and temperament, maternal factors, and the caregiving environment; (2) determination of dose response effects of prenatal crack ..
  3. Emotions are emergent events constrained by affective and conceptual processes.
    Lisa Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Relations between attention bias to threat and negative interpretive bias
    LAUREN K WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..University of Maryland working with Nathan Fox, an outstanding researcher on the interaction between childhood temperament and experience in predicting problem behaviors during development...
  5. Amygdala NPY, anxiety phenotypes and alcohol consumption
    MARLENE WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This proposal explores differences in temperament (anxiety) and gene expression (NPY) patterns in the amygdala as examples of endophenotypes that may contribute to ethanol consumption...
  6. MODELS OF PSYCHOBIOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT
    Martin Reite; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..prevent immunological consequences otherwise seen in separated pigtail monkeys, and whether measures of innate "temperament", as determined by heart rate (HR) measures (after Kagan), measures of CNS amine metabolism, and measures of ..
  7. MODELS OF PSYCHOBIOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT
    Martin Reite; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..prevent immunological consequences otherwise seen in separated pigtail monkeys, and whether measures of innate "temperament", as determined by heart rate (HR) measures (after Kagan), measures of CNS amine metabolism, and measures of ..
  8. Paternal Care, Affiliation and Vasopressin: Mechanisms of Monogamy
    Alexander G Ophir; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The PI hypothesizes that targeted manipulation of V1aR in the LS will coordinate diverse attributes of temperament related to attachment, aggression and care-giving...
  9. Paternal Care, Affiliation and Vasopressin: Mechanisms of Monogamy
    Alexander G Ophir; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The PI hypothesizes that targeted manipulation of V1aR in the LS will coordinate diverse attributes of temperament related to attachment, aggression and care-giving...
  10. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Effects on Trajectories of Infants' Vagal Functioning
    Cathi Propper; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..e., temperament) and exogenous (i.e...
  11. Internalization of Moral Standards in Young Children
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..parent-child dyads for the early development of children's conscience, (2) To examine the role of children's temperament in the development of conscience, alone and in the interplay with early relationships, (3) To explore parent-..
  12. Internalization of Moral Standards in Young Children
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..parent-child dyads for the early development of children's conscience, (2) To examine the role of children's temperament in the development of conscience, alone and in the interplay with early relationships, (3) To explore parent-..
  13. Internalization of Moral Standards in Young Children
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..parent-child dyads for the early development of children's conscience, (2) To examine the role of children's temperament in the development of conscience, alone and in the interplay with early relationships, (3) To explore parent-..
  14. Internalization of Moral Standards in Young Children
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..parent-child dyads for the early development of children's conscience, (2) To examine the role of children's temperament in the development of conscience, alone and in the interplay with early relationships, (3) To explore parent-..
  15. Impact of Omega-3 Intake During Pregnancy on Maternal Stress and Infant Outcome
    KATHRYN KEENAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..At 4 months post-partum infant temperament, cognitive development and stress reactivity will be assessed in the laboratory...
  16. EMOTION REGULATION FROM INFANCY TO TODDLERHOOD
    JULIA BRAUNGART RIEKER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Thus, factors such as the child's gender, temperament, cognitive, emerging language development, the developing internal working model of the attachment relationship ..
  17. Young Children's Self-Regulation in an Urban Context: A Multilevel Analysis
    Jeanne Brooks Gunn; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..provided by applicant): Effortful control (EC), which reflects the self-regulatory aspect of early childhood temperament, develops considerably in the first five years of life...
  18. Young Children's Self-Regulation in an Urban Context: A Multilevel Analysis
    RACHEL ANNE RAZZA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provided by applicant): Effortful control (EC), which reflects the self-regulatory aspect of early childhood temperament, develops considerably in the first five years of life...
  19. Developmental Pathways to Antisocial Behavior: A Translational Research Program
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Conscience develops in an intricate interplay among child temperament, social relationships, and family ecology...
  20. EMOTION REGULATION FROM INFANCY TO TODDLERHOOD
    JULIA BRAUNGART RIEKER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Thus, factors such as the child's gender, temperament, cognitive, emerging language development, the developing internal working model of the attachment relationship ..
  21. Developmental Pathways to Antisocial Behavior: A Translational Research Program
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Conscience develops in an intricate interplay among child temperament, social relationships, and family ecology...
  22. Developmental Pathways to Antisocial Behavior: A Translational Research Program
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Conscience develops in an intricate interplay among child temperament, social relationships, and family ecology...
  23. Developmental Pathways to Antisocial Behavior: A Translational Research Program
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Conscience develops in an intricate interplay among child temperament, social relationships, and family ecology...
  24. MATERNITY LEAVE AND HEALTH--PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS
    Marilyn Essex; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..g., temperament, cognitive maturational status, socioemotional adjustment); and (c) investigating the complex and reciprocal ..
  25. PRECURSORS OF RETARDATION IN CHILDREN WITH TEEN MOTHERS
    John Borkowski; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..cognitive readiness, socioemotional adjustment, parenting behaviors, and early child characteristics such as temperament and attachment status...
  26. PRECURSORS OF RETARDATION IN CHILDREN WITH TEEN MOTHERS
    John Borkowski; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..cognitive readiness, socioemotional adjustment, parenting behaviors, and early child characteristics such as temperament and attachment status...
  27. PRECURSORS OF RETARDATION IN CHILDREN WITH TEEN MOTHERS
    John Borkowski; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..cognitive readiness, socioemotional adjustment, parenting behaviors, and early child characteristics such as temperament and attachment status...
  28. PRECURSORS OF RETARDATION IN CHILDREN WITH TEEN MOTHERS
    John Borkowski; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..cognitive readiness, socioemotional adjustment, parenting behaviors, and early child characteristics such as temperament and attachment status...
  29. PRECURSORS OF RETARDATION IN CHILDREN WITH TEEN MOTHERS
    John Borkowski; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..cognitive readiness, socioemotional adjustment, parenting behaviors, and early child characteristics such as temperament and attachment status...
  30. MATERNAL RESPONSE TO INFANTS-- SIGNAL DETECTION ANALYSIS
    Lewis Leavitt; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Negative emotionality is central to the definition of difficult temperament, together with unreliability and difficulty in being soothed...
  31. MATERNAL RESPONSE TO INFANTS-- SIGNAL DETECTION ANALYSIS
    Lewis Leavitt; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Negative emotionality is central to the definition of difficult temperament, together with unreliability and difficulty in being soothed...
  32. Genetics of Monoamine Endophenotypes and Mental Health
    Jeffrey Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..influences on psychiatric disorders, on levels of monoamine neurotransmitters, and on normal variation in temperament related to disease, the specific genes that affect these traits are not well known...
  33. Genetics of Monoamine Endophenotypes and Mental Health
    Jeffrey Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..influences on psychiatric disorders, on levels of monoamine neurotransmitters, and on normal variation in temperament related to disease, the specific genes that affect these traits are not well known...
  34. Genetics of Monoamine Endophenotypes and Mental Health
    Jeffrey Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..influences on psychiatric disorders, on levels of monoamine neurotransmitters, and on normal variation in temperament related to disease, the specific genes that affect these traits are not well known...
  35. Genetics of Monoamine Endophenotypes and Mental Health
    Jeffrey Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..influences on psychiatric disorders, on levels of monoamine neurotransmitters, and on normal variation in temperament related to disease, the specific genes that affect these traits are not well known...
  36. Genetics of Monoamine Endophenotypes and Mental Health
    Jeffrey Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..influences on psychiatric disorders, on levels of monoamine neurotransmitters, and on normal variation in temperament related to disease, the specific genes that affect these traits are not well known...
  37. EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNALIZED REGULATORS OF BEHAVIOR
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The applicant?s expertise in temperament, socialization processes, and socioemotional development affords a unique perspective on conscience that ..
  38. EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNALIZED REGULATORS OF BEHAVIOR
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The applicant?s expertise in temperament, socialization processes, and socioemotional development affords a unique perspective on conscience that ..
  39. EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNALIZED REGULATORS OF BEHAVIOR
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The applicant?s expertise in temperament, socialization processes, and socioemotional development affords a unique perspective on conscience that ..
  40. EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNALIZED REGULATORS OF BEHAVIOR
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The applicant?s expertise in temperament, socialization processes, and socioemotional development affords a unique perspective on conscience that ..
  41. EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNALIZED REGULATORS OF BEHAVIOR
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The applicant?s expertise in temperament, socialization processes, and socioemotional development affords a unique perspective on conscience that ..
  42. DEVELOPMENT, TEMPERAMENT, AND VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT
    BARBARA SCHRAEDER; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The instruments used in the study measure intellectual and school achievement, temperament, social competencies, behavior problems, health behaviors, and family, peer and school supports and ..
  43. Imaging Individual Differences in Amphetamine Effects
    TARA WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Recent placebo controlled studies indicate that the personality or emotional temperament of the individuals exposed to this drug play a role in these effects...
  44. DIMENSIONS OF PERSONALITY IN AFRICAN AMERICAN CHILDREN
    James Victor; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..is the development of a series of instruments that will measure the dimensional structure of personality, temperament, and values of young African-American children from 2 to 12 years of age...
  45. MATERNAL DEPRESSION IN CONTEXT--INFANTS AT RISK
    Alice Carter; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..g., social support, infant temperament) which combine with maternal depression to place infants at risk for problems in social- emotional functioning...
  46. Temperament and Developmental Psychopathology
    David Rettew; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..David Rettew, as an independent investigator in the contribution of child/parent temperament in developmental psychopathology...
  47. Temperament and Developmental Psychopathology
    David Rettew; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..David Rettew, as an independent investigator in the contribution of child/parent temperament in developmental psychopathology...
  48. Temperament and Developmental Psychopathology
    David Rettew; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..David Rettew, as an independent investigator in the contribution of child/parent temperament in developmental psychopathology...
  49. Temperament and Developmental Psychopathology
    David Rettew; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..David Rettew, as an independent investigator in the contribution of child/parent temperament in developmental psychopathology...
  50. EFFECTS OF PRENATAL COCAINE USE: 15-YEAR FOLLOW-UP
    GALE RICHARDSON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..also a significant interaction between age and prenatal exposure, showing a significant increase in difficult temperament between 1 and 3 years among the cocaine-exposed children...
  51. EFFECTS OF PRENATAL COCAINE USE: 15-YEAR FOLLOW-UP
    GALE RICHARDSON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..also a significant interaction between age and prenatal exposure, showing a significant increase in difficult temperament between 1 and 3 years among the cocaine-exposed children...
  52. EFFECTS OF PRENATAL COCAINE USE: 15-YEAR FOLLOW-UP
    GALE RICHARDSON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..also a significant interaction between age and prenatal exposure, showing a significant increase in difficult temperament between 1 and 3 years among the cocaine-exposed children...
  53. EFFECTS OF PRENATAL COCAINE USE: 15-YEAR FOLLOW-UP
    GALE RICHARDSON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..also a significant interaction between age and prenatal exposure, showing a significant increase in difficult temperament between 1 and 3 years among the cocaine-exposed children...
  54. EFFECTS OF PRENATAL COCAINE USE: 15-YEAR FOLLOW-UP
    GALE RICHARDSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..also a significant interaction between age and prenatal exposure, showing a significant increase in difficult temperament between 1 and 3 years among the cocaine-exposed children...
  55. Subtypes and Associated Risk Factors in Stuttering
    Ehud Yairi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..are genetically based and environmentally shaped, reflecting differences in language, motor, and personality/temperament dynamics, manifested in varied symptom patterns...
  56. Subtypes and Associated Risk Factors in Stuttering
    Ehud Yairi; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..are genetically based and environmentally shaped, reflecting differences in language, motor, and personality/temperament dynamics, manifested in varied symptom patterns...
  57. THE DEVELOPMENT OF EMOTIONAL SELF-REGULATION
    James Connell; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..ESR) across the second and third years of life and the relations of ESR to parental behavior and infant temperament. ESR refers to the set of processes involved in the initiation and modulation of both positive and negative ..
  58. DEVELOPMENTAL TRENDS IN INFANT TEMPERAMENT
    ADAM MATHENY; Fiscal Year: 1991
    The research program increases the sample of infant twins for a multi-method longitudinal appraisal of temperament from the neonatal period through 4 years of age...
  59. THE DEVELOPMENT OF EMOTIONAL SELF-REGULATION
    James Connell; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..ESR) across the second and third years of life and the relations of ESR to parental behavior and infant temperament. ESR refers to the set of processes involved in the initiation and modulation of both positive and negative ..
  60. Social-emotional functioning-children Williams syndrome
    DANIELA PLESA SKWERER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..focus on how three essential components involved in early socio-affective functioning - attachment relations, temperament, and style of interactive behavior - relate to distinct patterns of social behavior in WS, specifically, to ..
  61. Development of social-emotional functioning in children with Williams syndrome
    DANIELA PLESA SKWERER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..focus on how three essential components involved in early socio-affective functioning - attachment relations, temperament, and style of interactive behavior - relate to distinct patterns of social behavior in WS, specifically, to ..
  62. Temperament, Distraction, and Early Vocabulary
    WALLACE DIXON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..of children's receptive and productive vocabularies correlates significantly with specific dimensions of their temperament. Infants and toddlers who are short-attending, socially unapproachable, negative in mood, and relatively ..
  63. Affect and Cerebral Asymmetry: A Developmental Approach
    Nathan A Fox; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The current proposal draws upon the research literature in four domains: temperament, frontal EEC asymmetry, mother-child interaction and socialization and the role of cognitive processes in the ..
  64. Affect and Cerebral Asymmetry: A Developmental Approach
    NATHAN FOX; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The current proposal draws upon the research literature in four domains: temperament, frontal EEC asymmetry, mother-child interaction and socialization and the role of cognitive processes in the ..
  65. Affect and Cerebral Asymmetry: A Developmental Approach
    Nathan A Fox; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The current proposal draws upon the research literature in four domains: temperament, frontal EEC asymmetry, mother-child interaction and socialization and the role of cognitive processes in the ..
  66. Affect and Cerebral Asymmetry: A Developmental Approach
    NATHAN FOX; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The current proposal draws upon the research literature in four domains: temperament, frontal EEC asymmetry, mother-child interaction and socialization and the role of cognitive processes in the ..
  67. Zn & Maternal-Infant Brain Function in S. Ethiopia: Randomized Controlled Trials
    K Hambidge; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..are to determine the effects of maternal and infant zinc (Zn) supplementation on: maternal-infant cognition, temperament and bonding and on pre-and post-natal brain growth...
  68. Zn & Maternal-Infant Brain Function in S. Ethiopia: Randomized Controlled Trials
    K Hambidge; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..are to determine the effects of maternal and infant zinc (Zn) supplementation on: maternal-infant cognition, temperament and bonding and on pre-and post-natal brain growth...
  69. PROJECT CARE--COCAINE ABUSE IN THE RURAL ENVIRONMENT
    FONDA EYLER; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..on the developing child of crack use, maternal and neonatal heath status, infant neurobehavioral status and temperament, maternal factors, and the caregiving environment; (2) determination of dose response effects of prenatal crack ..
  70. PROJECT CARE--COCAINE ABUSE IN THE RURAL ENVIRONMENT
    FONDA EYLER; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..on the developing child of crack use, maternal and neonatal heath status, infant neurobehavioral status and temperament, maternal factors, and the caregiving environment; (2) determination of dose response effects of prenatal crack ..
  71. MATERNAL RESPONSE TO INFANTS-- SIGNAL DETECTION ANALYSIS
    Lewis Leavitt; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Negative emotionality is central to the definition of difficult temperament, together with unreliability and difficulty in being soothed...
  72. MATERNAL RESPONSE TO INFANTS-- SIGNAL DETECTION ANALYSIS
    Lewis Leavitt; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Negative emotionality is central to the definition of difficult temperament, together with unreliability and difficulty in being soothed...
  73. MATERNAL RESPONSE TO INFANTS-- SIGNAL DETECTION ANALYSIS
    Lewis Leavitt; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Negative emotionality is central to the definition of difficult temperament, together with unreliability and difficulty in being soothed...
  74. Biobehavioral Characterization of Infant Rhesus Monkeys
    John P Capitanio; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..research with rodents, nonhuman primates, and humans have documented the existence of individual differences in temperament, emotionality, behavioral and physiological reactivity, and personality, which we refer to as biobehavioral ..
  75. PSYCHOBIOLOGY AND TEMPERAMENT IN HIGH RISK CHILDREN
    Janet Fairbanks; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..to further understanding of the developmental psychopathology of anxiety disorders through the study of early temperament. The goal is to conduct an in-depth examination of behaviorally inhibited temperament and its biological ..
  76. Vulnerability and Protective Factors for Early Onset
    Thomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Child participants will be drawn from a general school population on the basis of teacher ratings of temperament; participants will be oversampled from the highest 30 percent on the temperament-risk distribution and randomly ..
  77. PSYCHOBIOLOGY AND TEMPERAMENT IN HIGH RISK CHILDREN
    Janet Fairbanks; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..to further understanding of the developmental psychopathology of anxiety disorders through the study of early temperament. The goal is to conduct an in-depth examination of behaviorally inhibited temperament and its biological ..
  78. PSYCHOBIOLOGY AND TEMPERAMENT IN HIGH RISK CHILDREN
    Janet Fairbanks; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..to further understanding of the developmental psychopathology of anxiety disorders through the study of early temperament. The goal is to conduct an in-depth examination of behaviorally inhibited temperament and its biological ..
  79. Vulnerability and Protective Factors for Early Onset
    Thomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Child participants will be drawn from a general school population on the basis of teacher ratings of temperament; participants will be oversampled from the highest 30 percent on the temperament-risk distribution and randomly ..
  80. CAREGIVER TOUCH & HEALTH OUTCOMES FOR HIGH RISK INFANTS
    Sandra Weiss; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..qualities of maternal touch may predict health outcomes for the infant, after accounting for variance in infant temperament, perinatal risk status, and gender: (2) to identify how family functioning and the mother- infant relationship ..
  81. PSYCHOBIOLOGY AND TEMPERAMENT IN HIGH RISK CHILDREN
    Janet Fairbanks; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..to further understanding of the developmental psychopathology of anxiety disorders through the study of early temperament. The goal is to conduct an in-depth examination of behaviorally inhibited temperament and its biological ..
  82. Vulnerability and Protective Factors for Early Onset
    Thomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Child participants will be drawn from a general school population on the basis of teacher ratings of temperament; participants will be oversampled from the highest 30 percent on the temperament-risk distribution and randomly ..
  83. Vulnerability and Protective Factors for Early Onset
    Thomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Child participants will be drawn from a general school population on the basis of teacher ratings of temperament; participants will be oversampled from the highest 30 percent on the temperament-risk distribution and randomly ..
  84. Vulnerability and Protective Factors for Early Onset
    Thomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Child participants will be drawn from a general school population on the basis of teacher ratings of temperament; participants will be oversampled from the highest 30 percent on the temperament-risk distribution and randomly ..
  85. Vulnerability and Protective Factors for Early Onset
    Thomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Child participants will be drawn from a general school population on the basis of teacher ratings of temperament; participants will be oversampled from the highest 30 percent on the temperament-risk distribution and randomly ..
  86. Biobehavioral Characterization of Infant Rhesus Monkeys
    John P Capitanio; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..research with rodents, nonhuman primates, and humans have documented the existence of individual differences in temperament, emotionality, behavioral and physiological reactivity, and personality, which we refer to as biobehavioral ..
  87. Biobehavioral Characterization of Infant Rhesus Monkeys
    John Capitanio; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..research with rodents, nonhuman primates, and humans have documented the existence of individual differences in temperament, emotionality, behavioral and physiological reactivity, and personality, which we refer to as biobehavioral ..
  88. The Role of Autonomy Support in Children's Executive Function Development
    SAMANTHA LEE WORZALLA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..control differ as a function of children's temperament The proposed research will address these issues using both correlational and experimental designs...
  89. Screening Preschool Disruptive Behaviors
    Michelle M Martel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Subsidiary aims include: 1) examination of whether temperament trait and cognitive control profiles vary as a function of diagnostic status and 2) evaluation of whether ..
  90. Child Coping during Pediatric Oncology Treatment Procedures
    Felicity Harper; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..e., trait affect, temperament, resilience), child behavior problems (i.e...
  91. INDIVIDUAL AND SEX DIFFERENCES IN STRESS REACTIVITY
    Eugene Emory; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Both physiological and behavioral correlates of stress have been associated with infant temperament. Stress responses have generally been examined for inter- measure associations and longitudinal continuity...
  92. Child Coping during Pediatric Oncology Treatment Procedures
    Felicity Harper; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..e., trait affect, temperament, resilience), child behavior problems (i.e...
  93. INDIVIDUAL AND SEX DIFFERENCES IN STRESS REACTIVITY
    Eugene Emory; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Both physiological and behavioral correlates of stress have been associated with infant temperament. Stress responses have generally been examined for inter- measure associations and longitudinal continuity...
  94. AFFECT AND CEREBRAL ASYMMETRY--A DEVELOPMENTAL APPROACH
    NATHAN FOX; Fiscal Year: 1991
    The objectives of this research program are to examine the psychophysiological correlates of infant temperament and to investigate the consequences of specific patterns of affective bias on social behavior and peer interaction in school ..
  95. Subtypes and Associated Risk Factors in Stuttering
    Ehud Yairi; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..are genetically based and environmentally shaped, reflecting differences in language, motor, and personality/temperament dynamics, manifested in varied symptom patterns...