- Personality, addiction, dopamine: insights from Parkinson's disease
Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, QC H3A 2B4, Canada
Neuron 61:502-10. 2009
..This is surprising because PD patients typically have a very low incidence of drug abuse and display a personality type that is the polar opposite of the addictive personality...
- Self-referential processing in our brain--a meta-analysis of imaging studies on the self
Department of Neurology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Neuroimage 31:440-57. 2006
..We conclude that self-referential processing in CMS constitutes the core of our self and is critical for elaborating experiential feelings of self, uniting several distinct concepts evident in current neuroscience...
- Impact of psychological factors on the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and implications for therapy
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY 10025, USA
Circulation 99:2192-217. 1999
..composed largely of data relating CAD risk to 5 specific psychosocial domains: (1) depression, (2) anxiety, (3) personality factors and character traits, (4) social isolation, and (5) chronic life stress...
- From mice to men: what can we learn about personality from animal research?
S D Gosling
Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 78712, USA
Psychol Bull 127:45-86. 2001
The author explores the viability of a comparative approach to personality research. A review of the diverse animal-personality literature suggests that (a) most research uses trait constructs, focuses on variation within (vs...
- Personality influences the neural responses to viewing facial expressions of emotion
Andrew J Calder
MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:1684-701. 2011
Cognitive research has long been aware of the relationship between individual differences in personality and performance on behavioural tasks...
- Life-history trade-offs favour the evolution of animal personalities
Theoretical Biology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Kerklaan 30, 9751 NN Haren, The Netherlands
Nature 447:581-4. 2007
..Moreover, it explains the common finding that explorative behaviour and risk-related traits like boldness and aggressiveness are common characteristics of animal personalities...
- The influence of personality on neural mechanisms of observational fear and reward learning
Christine I Hooker
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Neuropsychologia 46:2709-24. 2008
..neutral) learning predicted better recognition of learned objects on a subsequent memory test. Furthermore, personality modulated neural mechanisms of learning...
- Evolutionary and ecological approaches to the study of personality
Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Montreal, Canada
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:3937-46. 2010
This introduction to the themed issue on Evolutionary and ecological approaches to the study of personality provides an overview of conceptual, theoretical and methodological progress in research on animal personalities over the last ..
- The happy personality: a meta-analysis of 137 personality traits and subjective well-being
K M DeNeve
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Baylor University, Waco, Texas 76798 7334, USA
Psychol Bull 124:197-229. 1998
This meta-analysis used 9 literature search strategies to examine 137 distinct personality constructs as correlates of subjective well-being (SWB)...
- Neural reward processing is modulated by approach- and avoidance-related personality traits
Joe J Simon
Section of Experimental Psychopathology, Department of Psychiatry, University of Heidelberg, Germany
Neuroimage 49:1868-74. 2010
..neural reward processing previously observed in healthy subjects could reflect inter-individual differences in personality. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate how the neural processing during expectation and reception ..
- Testing predictions from personality neuroscience. Brain structure and the big five
Colin G DeYoung
University of Minnesota, 75 East River Rd, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Psychol Sci 21:820-8. 2010
We used a new theory of the biological basis of the Big Five personality traits to generate hypotheses about the association of each trait with the volume of different brain regions...
- Recent models for adaptive personality differences: a review
Niels J Dingemanse
Department of Behavioural Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Seewiesen, Germany
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:3947-58. 2010
..In the main part of the paper we discuss models for personality differences that (i) explain animal personalities as adaptive behavioural responses to differences in state, (..
- Delineating the structure of normal and abnormal personality: an integrative hierarchical approach
Kristian E Markon
Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 88:139-57. 2005
Increasing evidence indicates that normal and abnormal personality can be treated within a single structural framework. However, identification of a single integrated structure of normal and abnormal personality has remained elusive...
- Psychiatric comorbidity in patients with chronic daily headache and migraine: a selective overview including personality traits and suicide risk
Department of Psychiatry, Sant Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, 1035 Via di Grottarossa, Rome 00189, Italy
J Headache Pain 10:283-90. 2009
..The increase in self-efficacy and mental health associated with pharmaceutical care may be instrumental in improving the long-term pharmacotherapy of patients with migraine and headache...
- Attentional rubbernecking: cognitive control and personality in emotion-induced blindness
Steven B Most
Department of Psychology, Yale University, Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 12:654-61. 2005
..effect through attentional strategy, but that the extent of this reduction was related to their level of the personality trait harm avoidance...
- Neurobiology of the structure of personality: dopamine, facilitation of incentive motivation, and extraversion
R A Depue
Department of Human Development, Laboratory of Neurobiology of Personality and Emotion, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Behav Brain Sci 22:491-517; discussion 518-69. 1999
..Our psychobiological threshold model explains the effects of individual differences in dopamine transmission on behavior, and their relation to personality traits is discussed.
- Behavioural reaction norms: animal personality meets individual plasticity
Niels J Dingemanse
Animal Ecology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies and Department of Behavioural Biology, Centre for Behaviour and Neurosciences, University of Groningen, PO Box 14, 9750 AA Haren, The Netherlands
Trends Ecol Evol 25:81-9. 2010
..individual animals differ in their average level of behaviour displayed across a range of contexts (animal 'personality'), and in their responsiveness to environmental variation (plasticity), and that these phenomena can be ..
- Meta-analysis of the association between a serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and anxiety-related personality traits
Neuroscience Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 127:85-9. 2004
Anxiety-related personality traits, such as NEO neuroticism and TCI/TPQ harm avoidance, have been shown to have significant genetic components...
- Personality and psychopathology of university students
Dusica L Tosevski
Institute of Mental Health, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Palmoticeva 37, Belgrade, Serbia
Curr Opin Psychiatry 23:48-52. 2010
..As all this may lead to psychopathology, the health of university students has been the subject of increasing focus in recent years...
- Personality and the emergence of the pace-of-life syndrome concept at the population level
Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec, Montreal, Canada
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:4051-63. 2010
..In this paper, we propose that consistent behavioural differences among individuals, or personality, covary with life history and physiological differences at the within-population, interpopulation and ..
- Personality scale validities increase throughout medical school
Department of Personnel Management and Work and Organizational Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
J Appl Psychol 94:1514-35. 2009
..The authors studied the validity of Big Five personality factors and their facets for predicting academic performance in medical school across multiple years, ..
- Influence of latent Toxoplasma infection on human personality, physiology and morphology: pros and cons of the Toxoplasma-human model in studying the manipulation hypothesis
Faculty of Science, Charles University, Department of Philosophy and History of Science, Prague, Czech Republic
J Exp Biol 216:127-33. 2013
..Toxoplasma-infected subjects differ from uninfected controls in the personality profile estimated with two versions of Cattell's 16PF, Cloninger's TCI and Big Five questionnaires...
- Personality predictors of longevity: activity, emotional stability, and conscientiousness
Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, National Institute on Aging, NIH, DHHS, 251 Bayview Blvd, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Psychosom Med 70:621-7. 2008
To examine the association between personality traits and longevity.
- The mismeasure of morals: antisocial personality traits predict utilitarian responses to moral dilemmas
Daniel M Bartels
Columbia University, Uris Hall 502, 3022 Broadway, New York, NY 10027, USA
Cognition 121:154-61. 2011
..passive harm) are committing an error. We report a study in which participants responded to a battery of personality assessments and a set of dilemmas that pit utilitarian and non-utilitarian options against each other...
- Relations between personality and coping: a meta-analysis
JENNIFER K CONNOR-SMITH
Department of Psychology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 5303, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 93:1080-107. 2007
b>Personality may directly facilitate or constrain coping, but relations of personality to coping have been inconsistent across studies, suggesting a need for greater attention to methods and samples...
- Reliving emotional personal memories: affective biases linked to personality and sex-related differences
Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton
Emotion 12:515-28. 2012
..that the emotional valence and recollective properties of autobiographical memories (AMs) may be influenced by personality- and sex-related differences, overall these relationships remain poorly understood...
- Personality and obesity across the adult life span
Angelina R Sutin
National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 101:579-92. 2011
b>Personality traits contribute to health outcomes, in part through their association with major controllable risk factors, such as obesity...
- Amygdala response to happy faces as a function of extraversion
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Science 296:2191. 2002
- Linking "big" personality traits to anxiety, depressive, and substance use disorders: a meta-analysis
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Stony Brook University, Putnam Hall, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
Psychol Bull 136:768-821. 2010
We performed a quantitative review of associations between the higher order personality traits in the Big Three and Big Five models (i.e...
Charles S Carver
Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124 0751, USA
Clin Psychol Rev 30:879-89. 2010
..In sum, the behavioral patterns of optimists appear to provide models of living for others to learn from...
- Individual differences in emotion processing
Department of Psychology, SUNY Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York, NY 11794 2500, USA
Curr Opin Neurobiol 14:233-8. 2004
..Differences in personality, dispositional affect, biological sex, and genotype can all substantially modulate the neural bases of emotion ..
- Attentional modulation of the amygdala varies with personality
Steven B Most
Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Neuroimage 31:934-44. 2006
..amygdala activity was modulated by attention, but that the degree of such modulation correlated with the personality variable harm avoidance, associated with trait anxiety...
- Association of the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene and approach-related personality traits: meta-analysis and new data
Marcus R Munafo
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
Biol Psychiatry 63:197-206. 2008
..Two variants in the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene have been reported to be associated with human approach-related traits such as novelty seeking and extraversion. However, the strength of evidence for this association remains uncertain...
- Exploring the relationship between personality and regional brain volume in healthy aging
Department of Psychology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
Neurobiol Aging 32:2162-71. 2011
..Recent evidence suggests that personality may be related to neuroanatomical integrity...
- Dog and owner demographic characteristics and dog personality trait associations
Eotvos University, Department of Ethology, Budapest, Hungary
Behav Processes 81:392-401. 2009
The aim of this study was to analyze the relationships between four personality traits (calmness, trainability, dog sociability and boldness) of dogs (Canis familiaris) and dog and owner demographics on a large sample size with 14,004 ..
- Sexual selection and animal personality
Centre for Ecology and Conservation, University of Exeter, Penryn, UK
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 85:217-46. 2010
..Functional explanations for personality have been proposed, but as yet, very little consideration has been given to a possible role for sexual ..
- Is our self nothing but reward? Neuronal overlap and distinction between reward and personal relevance and its relation to human personality
Department of Psychiatry, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany
PLoS ONE 4:e8429. 2009
..Although previous research demonstrated a relationship between reward and personal relevance, their exact neuronal relationship including the impact of personality traits remains unclear.
- Personality in nonhuman primates: a review and evaluation of past research
Hani D Freeman
Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 78712, USA
Am J Primatol 72:653-71. 2010
Scientific reports of personality in nonhuman primates are now appearing with increasing frequency across a wide range of disciplines, including psychology, anthropology, endocrinology, and zoo management...
- Animal personality: what are behavioural ecologists measuring?
Alecia J Carter
The Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 88:465-75. 2013
The discovery that an individual may be constrained, and even behave sub-optimally, because of its personality type has fundamental implications for understanding individual- to group-level processes...
- Proposed changes in personality and personality disorder assessment and diagnosis for DSM-5 Part I: Description and rationale
Andrew E Skodol
Department of Psychiatry, University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Tucson, USA
Personal Disord 2:4-22. 2011
A major reconceptualization of personality psychopathology has been proposed for DSM-5 that identifies core impairments in personality functioning, pathological personality traits, and prominent pathological personality types...
- Personality and coping
Charles S Carver
Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33124, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 61:679-704. 2010
b>Personality psychology addresses views of human nature and individual differences...
- The role of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene in personality and related psychopathological disorders
Department of Psychology, University of Bonn, Germany
CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets 11:236-50. 2012
This review provides a short overview of the most significant biologically oriented theories of human personality. Personality concepts of Eysenck, Gray and McNaughton, Cloninger and Panksepp will be introduced and the focal evidence for ..
- Personality changes in bulimia nervosa after a cognitive behaviour therapy
CIBER Fisiología de la Obesidad y Nutrición CIBERobn, Instituto Salud Carlos III, Spain
Eur Eat Disord Rev 20:379-85. 2012
The goals of this study were to evaluate changes in personality traits in outpatients with bulimia nervosa and specific clinical predictors of such personality changes, after cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT).
- Determinants of endogenous analgesia magnitude in a diffuse noxious inhibitory control (DNIC) paradigm: do conditioning stimulus painfulness, gender and personality variables matter?
Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Studies, University of Haifa, Israel
Pain 136:142-9. 2008
..evaluates in 31 healthy subjects the association between parameters of the conditioning stimulus, gender and personality, and the endogenous analgesia (EA) extent assessed by diffuse noxious inhibitory control (DNIC) paradigm...
- Type D personality as a cardiovascular risk marker in the general population: results from the Gutenberg health study
M E Beutel
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Psychother Psychosom 81:108-17. 2012
Type D personality is considered as an independent risk factor for morbidity and mortality in cardiovascular patients and a vulnerability factor for distress in the general population...
- Health-related quality of life in inflammatory bowel disease patients: the role of psychopathology and personality
Department of Clinical Psychology, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, CIBER EHD, Institut Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Barcelona, Spain
Inflamm Bowel Dis 14:977-83. 2008
The present study aimed at assessing whether psychological factors, specifically psychopathology and personality, together with clinical and sociodemographic factors, were independent predictors of quality of life (QoL) in patients with ..
- Personality is reflected in the brain's intrinsic functional architecture
Jonathan S Adelstein
Phyllis Green and Randolph Cōwen Institute for Pediatric Neuroscience at the NYU Child Study Center, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e27633. 2011
b>Personality describes persistent human behavioral responses to broad classes of environmental stimuli...
- Maintenance of genetic variation in human personality: testing evolutionary models by estimating heritability due to common causal variants and investigating the effect of distant inbreeding
Karin J H Verweij
Genetic Epidemiology, Molecular Epidemiology, and Queensland Statistical Genetics Laboratories, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Herston 4006, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Evolution 66:3238-51. 2012
b>Personality traits are basic dimensions of behavioral variation, and twin, family, and adoption studies show that around 30% of the between-individual variation is due to genetic variation...
- Reconsidering the role of personality in placebo effects: dispositional optimism, situational expectations, and the placebo response
Andrew L Geers
Department of Psychology, University of Toledo, 2801 West Bancroft Street, Toledo, OH 43606 3390, USA
J Psychosom Res 58:121-7. 2005
Prior investigations have failed to find reliable personality differences in placebo responding. The present study tests the hypothesis that personality and situational variables interact to determine placebo responding.
- Discrepancies between self and observer ratings of depression. The relationship to demographic, clinical and personality variables
M W Enns
University of Manitoba, Department of Psychiatry, PZ 430 771 Bannatyne Ave, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3E 3N4
J Affect Disord 60:33-41. 2000
..The present study evaluated the ability of demographic, clinical and personality factors to account for the discrepancies observed between BDI and HamD ratings.
- Sex modulates the associations between the COMT gene and personality traits
State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
Neuropsychopharmacology 36:1593-8. 2011
..Val158Met polymorphisms of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene and individual differences in personality traits...
- Molecular genetics support Gray's personality theory: the interaction of COMT and DRD2 polymorphisms predicts the behavioural approach system
Centre of Psychobiology and Behavioral Medicine, Department of Psychology, University of Giessen, Germany
Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 9:155-66. 2006
..for Gray's Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST), which is one of the most influential biologically oriented personality theories...
- Self-regulation and personality: how interventions increase regulatory success, and how depletion moderates the effects of traits on behavior
Roy F Baumeister
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
J Pers 74:1773-801. 2006
- Type D personality, cardiac events, and impaired quality of life: a review
Susanne S Pedersen
Medical Psychology, Department of Psychology and Health, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 10:241-8. 2003
..Although it has become unfashionable to focus on personality factors since research on Type A behaviour yielded inconsistent findings, personality may comprise a major ..
- Job burnout
Psychology Department, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 1650, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 52:397-422. 2001
..The social focus of burnout, the solid research basis concerning the syndrome, and its specific ties to the work domain make a distinct and valuable contribution to people's health and well-being...
- Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for personality
M H M De Moor
Department of Biological Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Mol Psychiatry 17:337-49. 2012
b>Personality can be thought of as a set of characteristics that influence people's thoughts, feelings and behavior across a variety of settings. Variation in personality is predictive of many outcomes in life, including mental health...
- Type D personality among noncardiovascular patient populations: a systematic review
CoRPS Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic diseases, Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
Gen Hosp Psychiatry 32:66-72. 2010
This article reviews all available literature concerning the implications of Type D personality (the conjoint effects of negative affectivity and social inhibition) among patients with noncardiovascular conditions.
- Why can't a man be more like a woman? Sex differences in Big Five personality traits across 55 cultures
David P Schmitt
Department of Psychology, Bradley University, Peoria, IL 62625, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 94:168-82. 2008
Previous research suggested that sex differences in personality traits are larger in prosperous, healthy, and egalitarian cultures in which women have more opportunities equal with those of men...
- Cloninger's temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with major depressive disorder
Feryal Cam Celikel
Department of Psychiatry, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, 60100 Tokat, Turkey
Compr Psychiatry 50:556-61. 2009
In this present study, we examined the relationship between the Cloninger's dimensional psychobiologic model of personality and depression in an outpatient population with major depressive disorder...
- The five-factor model of personality and borderline personality disorder: a genetic analysis of comorbidity
Marijn A Distel
Department of Biological Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Biol Psychiatry 66:1131-8. 2009
Recently, the nature of personality disorders and their relationship with normal personality traits has received extensive attention...
- Association between DRD4 gene polymorphism and personality variation in great tits: a test across four wild populations
Department of Behavioural Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Seewiesen, Germany
Mol Ecol 19:832-43. 2010
..The confirmation of an association between SNP830 genotype and personality-related behaviour in a wild bird population warrants further research into potential fitness effects of the ..
- Treatment adherence in multiple sclerosis: association with emotional status, personality, and cognition
Jared M Bruce
Department of Psychology, University of Missouri Kansas City, 4825 Troost Building, Suite 111G, Kansas City, MO 64110, USA
J Behav Med 33:219-27. 2010
..Pharmacological or psychotherapeutic treatment of mood/anxiety disorders, use of scheduled reminders, and/or increased organization and structure may lead to improved treatment adherence in MS...
- Stimulating personality: ethical criteria for deep brain stimulation in psychiatric patients and for enhancement purposes
Department for Neurodegenerative Diseases, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
Biotechnol J 3:1511-20. 2008
..To gain normative orientation, the concept of "personality" is not useful--even if a naturalistic notion is employed...
- Stress, burnout and doctors' attitudes to work are determined by personality and learning style: a twelve year longitudinal study of UK medical graduates
I C McManus
Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
BMC Med 2:29. 2004
..with medicine as a career in doctors aged about thirty are predicted by measures of learning style and personality measured five to twelve years earlier when the doctors were applicants to medical school or were medical ..
- Dopamine D4 receptor (D4DR) exon III polymorphism associated with the human personality trait of Novelty Seeking
R P Ebstein
Research Laboratory, S Herzog Memorial Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
Nat Genet 12:78-80. 1996
- Correlation of duration of latent Toxoplasma gondii infection with personality changes in women
Department of Parasitology, Charles University, Prague, Czech
Biol Psychol 53:57-68. 2000
..In humans latent toxoplasmosis is associated with changes in personality profiles...
- Williams syndrome: cognition, personality, and adaptive behavior
C B Mervis
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 6:148-58. 2000
..behavioral phenotype for Williams syndrome is characterized by a distinctive cognitive profile and an unusual personality profile...
- Association study of a brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism and personality trait and intelligence in healthy young females
Shih Jen Tsai
Department of Psychiatry, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
Neuropsychobiology 49:13-6. 2004
..Further, BDNF has been implicated in the expression of personality traits and in cognitive function...
- Measurement of temperament and character in mood disorders: a model of fundamental states as personality types
C R Cloninger
Washington University Department of Psychiatry and the Center for Psychobiology of Personality, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
J Affect Disord 51:21-32. 1998
b>Personality assessment may allow reliable measurement of risk of mood disorders.
- Facets of personality linked to underweight and overweight
National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA
Psychosom Med 71:682-9. 2009
b>Personality traits underlie maladaptive behaviors, and cognitive and emotional disturbances that contribute to major preventable causes of global disease burden...
- Personality factors and medical training: a review of the literature
Eva M Doherty
National Surgical Training Centre, The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland
Med Educ 45:132-40. 2011
it has been acknowledged that certain personality characteristics influence both medical students' and doctors' performance...
- Genetic variants in AVPR1A linked to autism predict amygdala activation and personality traits in healthy humans
Unit for Systems Neuroscience in Psychiatry, National Institute for Mental Health, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Mol Psychiatry 14:968-75. 2009
..Our results indicate a neural mechanism mediating genetic risk for autism through an impact on amygdala signalling and provide a rationale for exploring therapeutic strategies aimed at abnormal amygdala function in this disorder...
- Can behavioral and personality traits influence the success of unintentional species introductions?
David G Chapple
School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia
Trends Ecol Evol 27:57-64. 2012
..In addition, we emphasize how recent advances in understanding of animal personalities and individual-level behavioral variation can help elucidate the mechanisms underlying the success of stowaways...
- DS14: standard assessment of negative affectivity, social inhibition, and Type D personality
Medical Psychology, Department of Psychology and Health, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
Psychosom Med 67:89-97. 2005
Type D personality-a joint tendency toward negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI)-is related to poor cardiac prognosis, but there is no standard for assessing Type D...
- The evolution of personality variation in humans and other animals
University of Newcastle, Newcastle, United Kingdom
Am Psychol 61:622-31. 2006
..The author argues that each of the Big Five dimensions of human personality can be seen as the result of a trade-off between different fitness costs and benefits...
- Pilot study of the roles of personality, references, and personal statements in relation to performance over the five years of a medical degree
School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD
BMJ 326:429-32. 2003
To compare the power of three traditional selection procedures (A levels, personal statements, and references) and one non-traditional selection procedure (personality) to predict performance over the five years of a medical degree.
- Coping styles and behavioural flexibility: towards underlying mechanisms
Caroline M Coppens
Department of Behavioural Physiology, University of Groningen, 9750 AA Haren, The Netherlands
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:4021-8. 2010
A coping style (also termed behavioural syndrome or personality) is defined as a correlated set of individual behavioural and physiological characteristics that is consistent over time and across situations...
- Individual differences in personality traits reflect structural variance in specific brain regions
Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Italy Clinical Neuroscience Centre, University of Hull, United Kingdom
Brain Res Bull 79:265-70. 2009
b>Personality dimensions such as novelty seeking (NS), harm avoidance (HA), reward dependence (RD) and persistence (PER) are said to be heritable, stable across time and dependent on genetic and neurobiological factors...
- Distinctive personality characteristics of 8-, 9-, and 10-year-olds with Williams syndrome
Bonita P Klein-Tasman
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, 53201, USA
Dev Neuropsychol 23:269-90. 2003
..research and clinical observation have indicated that individuals with Williams syndrome have a distinctive personality, an empirically derived personality profile has not been developed...
- The impact of anxiety-inducing distraction on cognitive performance: a combined brain imaging and personality investigation
Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
PLoS ONE 5:e14150. 2010
..We investigated whether activity in the brain regions sensitive to emotional distraction would show dissociable patterns of co-variation with measures indexing individual variations in trait anxiety and cognitive performance...
- Reward-learning and the novelty-seeking personality: a between- and within-subjects study of the effects of dopamine agonists on young Parkinson's patients
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
Brain 132:2385-95. 2009
..Reward and punishment processing was assessed by a feedback-based probabilistic classification task. Personality characteristics were measured by the temperament and character inventory...
- Growth-mortality tradeoffs and 'personality traits' in animals
Judy A Stamps
University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Ecol Lett 10:355-63. 2007
Consistent individual differences in boldness, reactivity, aggressiveness, and other 'personality traits' in animals are stable within individuals but vary across individuals, for reasons which are currently obscure...
- A meta-analysis of the association between the serotonin transporter gene polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and trait anxiety
J A Schinka
Veteran s Administration Medical Center, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
Mol Psychiatry 9:197-202. 2004
..These findings indicate that 5-HTTLPR may in fact have a small but reliable influence on personality, particularly in the manifestation of trait anxiety when measured with a neuroticism scale based on the five-..
- Inadequate consultation behavior modulates the relationship between type D personality and impaired health status in chronic heart failure
Aline J Pelle
CoRPS, Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Int J Cardiol 142:65-71. 2010
..risk factors for impaired health outcomes have been acknowledged in chronic heart failure (CHF), with Type D personality being such a risk factor...
- Emotional conflict and neuroticism: personality-dependent activation in the amygdala and subgenual anterior cingulate
Brian W Haas
Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA
Behav Neurosci 121:249-56. 2007
..This effect was driven to a greater extent by the anxious relative to the depressive characteristics of neuroticism and may constitute vulnerability markers for anxiety-related disorders...
- Personality and the perception of health and happiness
C Robert Cloninger
Dept of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
J Affect Disord 128:24-32. 2011
Health is a state of physical, mental, and social well-being. Personality traits measure individual differences in adaptive functioning and mental health, but little is known about how well personality accounts for health's affective ..
- High harm avoidance and low self-directedness in euthymic young adults with recurrent, early-onset depression
Daniel J Smith
Division of Psychiatry, School of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Royal Edinburgh Hospital, Morningside Park, Edinburgh EH10 5HF, UK
J Affect Disord 87:83-9. 2005
The personality dimensions of harm avoidance (HA) and self-directedness (SD), as measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), have been widely associated with depression and there is preliminary evidence that they may ..
- An fMRI study of personality influences on brain reactivity to emotional stimuli
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, California 94305, USA
Behav Neurosci 115:33-42. 2001
..studies have examined which brain regions respond to emotional stimuli, but they have not determined how stable personality traits moderate such brain activation...
- Long-term health-related quality of life after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: relationship with psychological symptoms and personality characteristics
J M Anne Visser-Meily
Department of Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Stroke 40:1526-9. 2009
..Physical factors have been identified as determinants of HRQoL. We describe long-term HRQoL and assessed whether psychological symptoms and personality characteristics determine HRQoL after subarachnoid hemorrhage.
- Neural basis of interpersonal traits in neurodegenerative diseases
Memory and Aging Center, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 1207, USA
Neuropsychologia 47:2812-27. 2009
Several functional and structural imaging studies have investigated the neural basis of personality in healthy adults, but human lesions studies are scarce...
- The alternative five-factor model of personality, nicotine dependence and relapse after treatment for smoking cessation
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari Vall d Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
Addict Behav 36:965-71. 2011
b>Personality is one of several factors that have been related to the initiation, maintenance and cessation of smoking...
- Reinforcement sensitivity theory and personality
Philip J Corr
Department of Psychology, University of Wales Swansea, UK
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 28:317-32. 2004
A fully fledged neuroscience of personality is beginning to emerge, shaped and guided in large measure by the seminal work of Jeffrey A. Gray over a period of 40 years...
- Co-occurrence of addictive behaviours: personality factors related to substance use, gambling and computer gaming
Institute for Therapy and Health Research, Kiel, Germany
Eur Addict Res 18:167-74. 2012
To investigate co-occurrence and shared personality characteristics of problematic computer gaming, problematic gambling and substance use.
- Neuronal correlates of the five factor model (FFM) of human personality: Multimodal imaging in a large healthy sample
Centre for the Study of Human Cognition, Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Norway, PO Box 1094 Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway
Neuroimage 65:194-208. 2013
..in neuroimaging techniques have recently provided glimpse into the neurobiology of complex traits of human personality. Whereas some intriguing findings have connected aspects of personality to variations in brain morphology, the ..
- Association between type D personality and prognosis in patients with cardiovascular diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, Leipzig University of Applied Sciences, Germany
Ann Behav Med 43:299-310. 2012
Since 1995, the association of type D personality and mortality in patients with cardiovascular diseases has been increasingly investigated.
- The CACNA1C and ANK3 risk alleles impact on affective personality traits and startle reactivity but not on cognition or gating in healthy males
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
Bipolar Disord 13:250-9. 2011
..The aim of this study was to examine the phenotypic consequences of the risk CACNA1C and ANK3 alleles in a large homogeneous cohort of healthy young males...
- Patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies
Brent W Roberts
Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
Psychol Bull 132:1-25. 2006
..study used meta-analytic techniques (number of samples = 92) to determine the patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course...
- Medial prefrontal cortex subserves diverse forms of self-reflection
Adrianna C Jenkins
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Soc Neurosci 6:211-8. 2011
..However, although humans can contemplate a variety of different aspects of themselves, including their stable personality traits, current feelings, and physical attributes, no research has directly examined the extent to which these ..
- Personality and major depression: a Swedish longitudinal, population-based twin study
Kenneth S Kendler
Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Virginia Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:1113-20. 2006
Prior studies suggest that the personality traits of neuroticism and extroversion may be related to the liability to major depression (MD).
- Personality and social context
Mike M Webster
School of Biology, University of St Andrews, Fife, UK
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 86:759-73. 2011
There has been considerable interest among biologists in the phenomenon of non-human animal personality in recent years...
- Domain and facet personality predictors of all-cause mortality among Medicare patients aged 65 to 100
Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 5600 Nathan Shock Drive, Baltimore, MD 21224 6825, USA
Psychosom Med 67:724-33. 2005
..Our objectives were to test whether Conscientiousness, the other 4 domains of the Five-Factor Model, and their facets predicted mortality in older, frail individuals...