Genomes and Genes
Summary: Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.
Publications260 found, 100 shown here
- Personality, addiction, dopamine: insights from Parkinson's diseaseAlain Dagher
Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, QC H3A 2B4, Canada
Neuron 61:502-10. 2009..This is surprising because PD patients typically have a very low incidence of drug abuse and display a personality type that is the polar opposite of the addictive personality...
- DS14: standard assessment of negative affectivity, social inhibition, and Type D personalityJohan Denollet
Medical Psychology, Department of Psychology and Health, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
Psychosom Med 67:89-97. 2005Type D personality-a joint tendency toward negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI)-is related to poor cardiac prognosis, but there is no standard for assessing Type D...
- Personality influences the neural responses to viewing facial expressions of emotionAndrew J Calder
MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:1684-701. 2011Cognitive research has long been aware of the relationship between individual differences in personality and performance on behavioural tasks...
- Neural reward processing is modulated by approach- and avoidance-related personality traitsJoe J Simon
Section of Experimental Psychopathology, Department of Psychiatry, University of Heidelberg, Germany
Neuroimage 49:1868-74. 2010..neural reward processing previously observed in healthy subjects could reflect inter-individual differences in personality. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate how the neural processing during expectation and reception ..
- Neurobiology of the structure of personality: dopamine, facilitation of incentive motivation, and extraversionR A Depue
Department of Human Development, Laboratory of Neurobiology of Personality and Emotion, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Behav Brain Sci 22:491-517; discussion 518-69. 1999..Our psychobiological threshold model explains the effects of individual differences in dopamine transmission on behavior, and their relation to personality traits is discussed.
- Determinants of endogenous analgesia magnitude in a diffuse noxious inhibitory control (DNIC) paradigm: do conditioning stimulus painfulness, gender and personality variables matter?Michal Granot
Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Studies, University of Haifa, Israel
Pain 136:142-9. 2008..evaluates in 31 healthy subjects the association between parameters of the conditioning stimulus, gender and personality, and the endogenous analgesia (EA) extent assessed by diffuse noxious inhibitory control (DNIC) paradigm...
- Attentional rubbernecking: cognitive control and personality in emotion-induced blindnessSteven B Most
Department of Psychology, Yale University, Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 12:654-61. 2005..effect through attentional strategy, but that the extent of this reduction was related to their level of the personality trait harm avoidance...
- Personality is reflected in the brain's intrinsic functional architectureJonathan S Adelstein
Phyllis Green and Randolph Cōwen Institute for Pediatric Neuroscience at the NYU Child Study Center, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e27633. 2011b>Personality describes persistent human behavioral responses to broad classes of environmental stimuli...
- Psychiatric comorbidity in patients with chronic daily headache and migraine: a selective overview including personality traits and suicide riskMaurizio Pompili
Department of Psychiatry, Sant Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, 1035 Via di Grottarossa, Rome 00189, Italy
J Headache Pain 10:283-90. 2009..The increase in self-efficacy and mental health associated with pharmaceutical care may be instrumental in improving the long-term pharmacotherapy of patients with migraine and headache...
- From mice to men: what can we learn about personality from animal research?S D Gosling
Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 78712, USA
Psychol Bull 127:45-86. 2001The author explores the viability of a comparative approach to personality research. A review of the diverse animal-personality literature suggests that (a) most research uses trait constructs, focuses on variation within (vs...
- Meta-analysis of the association between a serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and anxiety-related personality traitsSrijan Sen
Neuroscience Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 127:85-9. 2004Anxiety-related personality traits, such as NEO neuroticism and TCI/TPQ harm avoidance, have been shown to have significant genetic components...
- Testing predictions from personality neuroscience. Brain structure and the big fiveColin G DeYoung
University of Minnesota, 75 East River Rd, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Psychol Sci 21:820-8. 2010We used a new theory of the biological basis of the Big Five personality traits to generate hypotheses about the association of each trait with the volume of different brain regions...
- Reliving emotional personal memories: affective biases linked to personality and sex-related differencesEkaterina Denkova
Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton
Emotion 12:515-28. 2012..that the emotional valence and recollective properties of autobiographical memories (AMs) may be influenced by personality- and sex-related differences, overall these relationships remain poorly understood...
- Behavioural reaction norms: animal personality meets individual plasticityNiels J Dingemanse
Animal Ecology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies and Department of Behavioural Biology, Centre for Behaviour and Neurosciences, University of Groningen, PO Box 14, 9750 AA Haren, The Netherlands
Trends Ecol Evol 25:81-9. 2010..individual animals differ in their average level of behaviour displayed across a range of contexts (animal 'personality'), and in their responsiveness to environmental variation (plasticity), and that these phenomena can be ..
- Dopamine D4 receptor (D4DR) exon III polymorphism associated with the human personality trait of Novelty SeekingR P Ebstein
Research Laboratory, S Herzog Memorial Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
Nat Genet 12:78-80. 1996
- Association of the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene and approach-related personality traits: meta-analysis and new dataMarcus R Munafo
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
Biol Psychiatry 63:197-206. 2008..Two variants in the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene have been reported to be associated with human approach-related traits such as novelty seeking and extraversion. However, the strength of evidence for this association remains uncertain...
- Attentional modulation of the amygdala varies with personalitySteven B Most
Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Neuroimage 31:934-44. 2006..amygdala activity was modulated by attention, but that the degree of such modulation correlated with the personality variable harm avoidance, associated with trait anxiety...
- Self-regulation and personality: how interventions increase regulatory success, and how depletion moderates the effects of traits on behaviorRoy F Baumeister
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
J Pers 74:1773-801. 2006....
- The mismeasure of morals: antisocial personality traits predict utilitarian responses to moral dilemmasDaniel M Bartels
Columbia University, Uris Hall 502, 3022 Broadway, New York, NY 10027, USA
Cognition 121:154-61. 2011..passive harm) are committing an error. We report a study in which participants responded to a battery of personality assessments and a set of dilemmas that pit utilitarian and non-utilitarian options against each other...
- Impact of psychological factors on the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and implications for therapyA Rozanski
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY 10025, USA
Circulation 99:2192-217. 1999..composed largely of data relating CAD risk to 5 specific psychosocial domains: (1) depression, (2) anxiety, (3) personality factors and character traits, (4) social isolation, and (5) chronic life stress...
- Amygdala response to happy faces as a function of extraversionTurhan Canli
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Science 296:2191. 2002
- Individual differences in emotion processingStephan Hamann
Department of Psychology, SUNY Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York, NY 11794 2500, USA
Curr Opin Neurobiol 14:233-8. 2004..Differences in personality, dispositional affect, biological sex, and genotype can all substantially modulate the neural bases of emotion ..
- Life-history trade-offs favour the evolution of animal personalitiesMax Wolf
Theoretical Biology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Kerklaan 30, 9751 NN Haren, The Netherlands
Nature 447:581-4. 2007..Moreover, it explains the common finding that explorative behaviour and risk-related traits like boldness and aggressiveness are common characteristics of animal personalities...
- Type D personality, cardiac events, and impaired quality of life: a reviewSusanne S Pedersen
Medical Psychology, Department of Psychology and Health, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 10:241-8. 2003..Although it has become unfashionable to focus on personality factors since research on Type A behaviour yielded inconsistent findings, personality may comprise a major ..
- Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for personalityM H M De Moor
Department of Biological Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Mol Psychiatry 17:337-49. 2012b>Personality can be thought of as a set of characteristics that influence people's thoughts, feelings and behavior across a variety of settings. Variation in personality is predictive of many outcomes in life, including mental health...
- Job burnoutC Maslach
Psychology Department, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 1650, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 52:397-422. 2001..The social focus of burnout, the solid research basis concerning the syndrome, and its specific ties to the work domain make a distinct and valuable contribution to people's health and well-being...
- Evolutionary and ecological approaches to the study of personalityDenis Reale
Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Montreal, Canada
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:3937-46. 2010This introduction to the themed issue on Evolutionary and ecological approaches to the study of personality provides an overview of conceptual, theoretical and methodological progress in research on animal personalities over the last ..
- Personality factors and medical training: a review of the literatureEva M Doherty
National Surgical Training Centre, The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland
Med Educ 45:132-40. 2011it has been acknowledged that certain personality characteristics influence both medical students' and doctors' performance...
- Personality predictors of longevity: activity, emotional stability, and conscientiousnessAntonio Terracciano
Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, National Institute on Aging, NIH, DHHS, 251 Bayview Blvd, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Psychosom Med 70:621-7. 2008To examine the association between personality traits and longevity.
- The five-factor model of personality and borderline personality disorder: a genetic analysis of comorbidityMarijn A Distel
Department of Biological Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Biol Psychiatry 66:1131-8. 2009Recently, the nature of personality disorders and their relationship with normal personality traits has received extensive attention...
- Association between DRD4 gene polymorphism and personality variation in great tits: a test across four wild populationsPeter Korsten
Department of Behavioural Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Seewiesen, Germany
Mol Ecol 19:832-43. 2010..The confirmation of an association between SNP830 genotype and personality-related behaviour in a wild bird population warrants further research into potential fitness effects of the ..
- Type D personality among noncardiovascular patient populations: a systematic reviewFloortje Mols
CoRPS Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic diseases, Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
Gen Hosp Psychiatry 32:66-72. 2010This article reviews all available literature concerning the implications of Type D personality (the conjoint effects of negative affectivity and social inhibition) among patients with noncardiovascular conditions.
- Why can't a man be more like a woman? Sex differences in Big Five personality traits across 55 culturesDavid P Schmitt
Department of Psychology, Bradley University, Peoria, IL 62625, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 94:168-82. 2008Previous research suggested that sex differences in personality traits are larger in prosperous, healthy, and egalitarian cultures in which women have more opportunities equal with those of men...
- Genetic variants in AVPR1A linked to autism predict amygdala activation and personality traits in healthy humansA Meyer-Lindenberg
Unit for Systems Neuroscience in Psychiatry, National Institute for Mental Health, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Mol Psychiatry 14:968-75. 2009..Our results indicate a neural mechanism mediating genetic risk for autism through an impact on amygdala signalling and provide a rationale for exploring therapeutic strategies aimed at abnormal amygdala function in this disorder...
- Cloninger's temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with major depressive disorderFeryal Cam Celikel
Department of Psychiatry, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, 60100 Tokat, Turkey
Compr Psychiatry 50:556-61. 2009In this present study, we examined the relationship between the Cloninger's dimensional psychobiologic model of personality and depression in an outpatient population with major depressive disorder...
- Stimulating personality: ethical criteria for deep brain stimulation in psychiatric patients and for enhancement purposesMatthis Synofzik
Department for Neurodegenerative Diseases, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
Biotechnol J 3:1511-20. 2008..To gain normative orientation, the concept of "personality" is not useful--even if a naturalistic notion is employed...
- Treatment adherence in multiple sclerosis: association with emotional status, personality, and cognitionJared M Bruce
Department of Psychology, University of Missouri Kansas City, 4825 Troost Building, Suite 111G, Kansas City, MO 64110, USA
J Behav Med 33:219-27. 2010..Pharmacological or psychotherapeutic treatment of mood/anxiety disorders, use of scheduled reminders, and/or increased organization and structure may lead to improved treatment adherence in MS...
- Williams syndrome: cognition, personality, and adaptive behaviorC B Mervis
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 6:148-58. 2000..behavioral phenotype for Williams syndrome is characterized by a distinctive cognitive profile and an unusual personality profile...
- Association study of a brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism and personality trait and intelligence in healthy young femalesShih Jen Tsai
Department of Psychiatry, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
Neuropsychobiology 49:13-6. 2004..Further, BDNF has been implicated in the expression of personality traits and in cognitive function...
- Correlation of duration of latent Toxoplasma gondii infection with personality changes in womenJ Flegr
Department of Parasitology, Charles University, Prague, Czech
Biol Psychol 53:57-68. 2000..In humans latent toxoplasmosis is associated with changes in personality profiles...
- Measurement of temperament and character in mood disorders: a model of fundamental states as personality typesC R Cloninger
Washington University Department of Psychiatry and the Center for Psychobiology of Personality, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
J Affect Disord 51:21-32. 1998b>Personality assessment may allow reliable measurement of risk of mood disorders.
- Distinctive personality characteristics of 8-, 9-, and 10-year-olds with Williams syndromeBonita P Klein-Tasman
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, 53201, USA
Dev Neuropsychol 23:269-90. 2003..research and clinical observation have indicated that individuals with Williams syndrome have a distinctive personality, an empirically derived personality profile has not been developed...
- A meta-analysis of the association between the serotonin transporter gene polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and trait anxietyJ A Schinka
Veteran s Administration Medical Center, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
Mol Psychiatry 9:197-202. 2004..These findings indicate that 5-HTTLPR may in fact have a small but reliable influence on personality, particularly in the manifestation of trait anxiety when measured with a neuroticism scale based on the five-..
- Growth-mortality tradeoffs and 'personality traits' in animalsJudy A Stamps
University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Ecol Lett 10:355-63. 2007Consistent individual differences in boldness, reactivity, aggressiveness, and other 'personality traits' in animals are stable within individuals but vary across individuals, for reasons which are currently obscure...
- Personality in nonhuman primates: a review and evaluation of past researchHani D Freeman
Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 78712, USA
Am J Primatol 72:653-71. 2010Scientific reports of personality in nonhuman primates are now appearing with increasing frequency across a wide range of disciplines, including psychology, anthropology, endocrinology, and zoo management...
- The impact of anxiety-inducing distraction on cognitive performance: a combined brain imaging and personality investigationEkaterina Denkova
Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
PLoS ONE 5:e14150. 2010..We investigated whether activity in the brain regions sensitive to emotional distraction would show dissociable patterns of co-variation with measures indexing individual variations in trait anxiety and cognitive performance...
- Reward-learning and the novelty-seeking personality: a between- and within-subjects study of the effects of dopamine agonists on young Parkinson's patientsNikoletta Bodi
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
Brain 132:2385-95. 2009..Reward and punishment processing was assessed by a feedback-based probabilistic classification task. Personality characteristics were measured by the temperament and character inventory...
- Inadequate consultation behavior modulates the relationship between type D personality and impaired health status in chronic heart failureAline J Pelle
CoRPS, Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Int J Cardiol 142:65-71. 2010..risk factors for impaired health outcomes have been acknowledged in chronic heart failure (CHF), with Type D personality being such a risk factor...
- Emotional conflict and neuroticism: personality-dependent activation in the amygdala and subgenual anterior cingulateBrian W Haas
Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA
Behav Neurosci 121:249-56. 2007..This effect was driven to a greater extent by the anxious relative to the depressive characteristics of neuroticism and may constitute vulnerability markers for anxiety-related disorders...
- Personality and the perception of health and happinessC Robert Cloninger
Dept of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
J Affect Disord 128:24-32. 2011Health is a state of physical, mental, and social well-being. Personality traits measure individual differences in adaptive functioning and mental health, but little is known about how well personality accounts for health's affective ..
- An fMRI study of personality influences on brain reactivity to emotional stimuliT Canli
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, California 94305, USA
Behav Neurosci 115:33-42. 2001..studies have examined which brain regions respond to emotional stimuli, but they have not determined how stable personality traits moderate such brain activation...
- High harm avoidance and low self-directedness in euthymic young adults with recurrent, early-onset depressionDaniel J Smith
Division of Psychiatry, School of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Royal Edinburgh Hospital, Morningside Park, Edinburgh EH10 5HF, UK
J Affect Disord 87:83-9. 2005The personality dimensions of harm avoidance (HA) and self-directedness (SD), as measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), have been widely associated with depression and there is preliminary evidence that they may ..
- Neural basis of interpersonal traits in neurodegenerative diseasesMarc Sollberger
Memory and Aging Center, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 1207, USA
Neuropsychologia 47:2812-27. 2009Several functional and structural imaging studies have investigated the neural basis of personality in healthy adults, but human lesions studies are scarce...
- Long-term health-related quality of life after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: relationship with psychological symptoms and personality characteristicsJ M Anne Visser-Meily
Department of Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Stroke 40:1526-9. 2009..Physical factors have been identified as determinants of HRQoL. We describe long-term HRQoL and assessed whether psychological symptoms and personality characteristics determine HRQoL after subarachnoid hemorrhage.
- Personality and major depression: a Swedish longitudinal, population-based twin studyKenneth S Kendler
Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Virginia Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:1113-20. 2006Prior studies suggest that the personality traits of neuroticism and extroversion may be related to the liability to major depression (MD).
- Type D personality. A potential risk factor refinedJ Denollet
Department of Clinical Health Psychology, Tilburg University, Netherlands
J Psychosom Res 49:255-66. 2000..Broad and stable personality traits may have much explanatory power; this article selectively focuses on negative affectivity (NA; tendency ..
- Medial prefrontal cortex subserves diverse forms of self-reflectionAdrianna C Jenkins
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Soc Neurosci 6:211-8. 2011..However, although humans can contemplate a variety of different aspects of themselves, including their stable personality traits, current feelings, and physical attributes, no research has directly examined the extent to which these ..
- Personality and social contextMike M Webster
School of Biology, University of St Andrews, Fife, UK
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 86:759-73. 2011There has been considerable interest among biologists in the phenomenon of non-human animal personality in recent years...
- Patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studiesBrent W Roberts
Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
Psychol Bull 132:1-25. 2006..study used meta-analytic techniques (number of samples = 92) to determine the patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course...
- Domain and facet personality predictors of all-cause mortality among Medicare patients aged 65 to 100Alexander Weiss
Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 5600 Nathan Shock Drive, Baltimore, MD 21224 6825, USA
Psychosom Med 67:724-33. 2005..Our objectives were to test whether Conscientiousness, the other 4 domains of the Five-Factor Model, and their facets predicted mortality in older, frail individuals...
- Animal personalities: consequences for ecology and evolutionMax Wolf
Department of Biology and Ecology of Fishes, Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Mueggelseedamm 310, 12587 Berlin, Germany
Trends Ecol Evol 27:452-61. 2012b>Personality differences are a widespread phenomenon throughout the animal kingdom. Past research has focused on the characterization of such differences and a quest for their proximate and ultimate causation...
- Temperament and character personality profiles and personality disorders in chronic pain patientsRupert Conrad
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Bonn, Sigmund Freud Str 25, 53105 Bonn, Germany
Pain 133:197-209. 2007In his psychobiological model of personality, Cloninger developed a novel approach concerning the relationships between psychopathological syndromes and personality...
- Is our self nothing but reward? Neuronal overlap and distinction between reward and personal relevance and its relation to human personalityBjörn Enzi
Department of Psychiatry, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany
PLoS ONE 4:e8429. 2009..Although previous research demonstrated a relationship between reward and personal relevance, their exact neuronal relationship including the impact of personality traits remains unclear.
- Gender-dependent association of a functional NGF polymorphism with anxiety-related personality traitsU E Lang
Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité Medicine Berlin, Campus Charite Mitte, Berlin, Germany
Pharmacopsychiatry 41:196-9. 2008..Nerve growth factor (NGF) has been shown to be involved in anxiety behaviour and the expression of conditioned fear in mice...
- Can behavioral and personality traits influence the success of unintentional species introductions?David G Chapple
School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia
Trends Ecol Evol 27:57-64. 2012..In addition, we emphasize how recent advances in understanding of animal personalities and individual-level behavioral variation can help elucidate the mechanisms underlying the success of stowaways...
- Personality features and personality disorders in chronic fatigue syndrome: a population-based studyUrs M Nater
Chronic Viral Diseases Branch, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
Psychother Psychosom 79:312-8. 2010Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) presents unique diagnostic and management challenges. Personality may be a risk factor for CFS and may contribute to the maintenance of the illness.
- Relationship of resilience to personality, coping, and psychiatric symptoms in young adultsLaura Campbell-Sills
Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, 8950 Villa La Jolla Drive, Suite C207, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
Behav Res Ther 44:585-99. 2006..The present study investigated the relationship of resilience to personality traits, coping styles, and psychiatric symptoms in a sample of college students...
- Personality predicts temporal attention costs in the attentional blink paradigmMary H MacLean
Brock University, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada
Psychon Bull Rev 17:556-62. 2010..In the present study, individual differences in personality traits related to positive affect, negative affect, and cognitive flexibility were used to predict individual ..
- The new reinforcement sensitivity theory: implications for personality measurementLuke D Smillie
Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths College, University of London, New Cross, UK
Pers Soc Psychol Rev 10:320-35. 2006..1991) reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST), and attempt to draw implications for psychometric measurement of personality traits...
- Failure to consult for symptoms of heart failure in patients with a type-D personalityAngelique A Schiffer
Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases, Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Heart 93:814-8. 2007..Patients with a type-D personality, characterised by high social inhibition and negative affectivity, may delay medical consultation despite ..
- Personality and specialty interest in medical studentsMohammadreza Hojat
Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
Med Teach 30:400-6. 2008Research on the relationship between personality and specialty interest is important because of its implications in student career counseling and in forecasting future specialty distribution.
- Beyond Type D personality: reduced positive affect (anhedonia) predicts impaired health status in chronic heart failureAline J Pelle
Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Qual Life Res 18:689-98. 2009Type D personality has been associated with impaired health status in chronic heart failure (CHF), but other psychological factors may also be important.
- The error-related negativity as a state and trait measure: motivation, personality, and ERPs in response to errorsPatricia E Pailing
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
Psychophysiology 41:84-95. 2004This study examines changes in the error-related negativity (ERN/Ne) related to motivational incentives and personality traits. ERPs were gathered while adults completed a four-choice letter task during four motivational conditions...
- Genetic variation in MAOA modulates ventromedial prefrontal circuitry mediating individual differences in human personalityJ W Buckholtz
Neuroimaging Core Facility, National Institute for Mental Health, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892 1365, USA
Mol Psychiatry 13:313-24. 2008Little is known about neural mechanisms underlying human personality and temperament, despite their considerable importance as highly heritable risk mediators for somatic and psychiatric disorders...
- Does work affect personality? A study in horsesMartine Hausberger
Universite de Rennes 1, UMR 6552 Ethologie Animale et Humaine, Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS, Campus de Beaulieu, Rennes, France
PLoS ONE 6:e14659. 2011It has been repeatedly hypothesized that job characteristics are related to changes in personality in humans, but often personality models still omit effects of life experience...
- Personality-targeted interventions delay the growth of adolescent drinking and binge drinkingPatricia J Conrod
Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:181-90. 2008b>Personality factors are implicated in the vulnerability to adolescent alcohol misuse. This study examined whether providing personality-targeted interventions in early adolescence can delay drinking and binge drinking in high-risk youth.
- Personality traits as risk factors of depression and anxiety among Japanese studentsTomomi Matsudaira
Department of Clinical Behavioural Sciences, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1 1 1 Honjo, Kumamoto, 860 8556, Japan
J Clin Psychol 62:97-109. 2006The aim of this study is to examine the effects of personality (temperament and character) on specific depression and specific anxiety...
- Personality from a controlled processing perspective: an fMRI study of neuroticism, extraversion, and self-consciousnessNaomi I Eisenberger
Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 1563, USA
Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:169-81. 2005Although neuroticism has been central to most theories of personality, self-reported neuroticism has had limited success in predicting expected behavioral outcomes...
- A new look at the big five factor structure through exploratory structural equation modelingHerbert W Marsh
Department of Education, University of Oxford, Oxford, England
Psychol Assess 22:471-91. 2010NEO instruments are widely used to assess Big Five personality factors, but confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) conducted at the item level do not support their a priori structure due, in part, to the overly restrictive CFA assumptions...
- Executive function and decision-making in women with fibromyalgiaAntonio Verdejo-Garcia
Pharmacology Research Unit, Institut Municipal dInvestigació Mèdica, Barcelona, Spain
Arch Clin Neuropsychol 24:113-22. 2009..the relationship between executive function performance and pain experience, and between executive function and personality traits of novelty-seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, and persistence (measured by the Temperament and ..
- Intellect as distinct from Openness: differences revealed by fMRI of working memoryColin G DeYoung
Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 97:883-92. 2009Relatively little is known about the neural bases of the Big Five personality trait Openness/Intellect. This trait is composed of 2 related but separable aspects, Openness to Experience and Intellect...
- Changes in EEG and autonomic nervous activity during meditation and their association with personality traitsTetsuya Takahashi
Department of Neuropsychiatry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Matsuoka cho, Fukui 910 1193, Japan
Int J Psychophysiol 55:199-207. 2005..by many as a self-regulatory approach to emotion management, but the psychophysiological properties and personality traits that characterize this meditative state have not been adequately studied...
- Personality, adherence, asthma control and health-related quality of life in young adult asthmaticsM Axelsson
Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, SE 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
Respir Med 103:1033-40. 2009..Several influential factors have been identified, but the importance of personality traits has been insufficiently explored...
- Type D personality in the general population: a systematic review of health status, mechanisms of disease, and work-related problemsFloortje Mols
CoRPS Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic diseases, Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
Health Qual Life Outcomes 8:9. 2010The objective was to review all available literature concerning Type D (distressed) personality among the general population and to discuss its implications for research on health status, disease-promoting mechanisms and work-related ..
- Evolution of personality differences in leadershipRufus A Johnstone
Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:8373-8. 2011..These personality types emerge and are maintained by frequency-dependent selection, because leaders gain by imposing their ..
- Sexual selection and animal personalityWiebke Schuett
Centre for Ecology and Conservation, University of Exeter, Penryn, UK
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 85:217-46. 2010..Functional explanations for personality have been proposed, but as yet, very little consideration has been given to a possible role for sexual ..
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage treated with clipping: long-term effects on employment, relationships, personality, and moodMarieke J H Wermer
Department of Neurology, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Neurosurgery 60:91-7; discussion 97-8. 2007..Despite this recovery, many of these patients experience psychosocial problems. We assessed the long-term effects of SAH on employment, relationships, personality, and mood.
- Inadequate response to treatment in coronary heart disease : adverse effects of type D personality and younger age on 5-year prognosis and quality of lifeJ Denollet
University Hospital of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
Circulation 102:630-5. 2000..We hypothesized that chronic emotional distress confers an increased risk of poor outcome despite appropriate treatment...
- Individualism-collectivism and personalityH C Triandis
University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, USA
J Pers 69:907-24. 2001..main findings concerning the relationship between the cultural syndromes of individualism and collectivism and personality. People in collectivist cultures, compared to people in individualist cultures, are likely to define themselves ..
- Personality predicts the brain's response to viewing appetizing foods: the neural basis of a risk factor for overeatingLuca Passamonti
Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, Cambridge CB2 7EF, United Kingdom
J Neurosci 29:43-51. 2009..Differences in the dynamic interactions within the human appetitive network in response to pictures of appetizing foods may determine an individual's risk of obesity...
- Type D personality is related to cardiovascular and neuroendocrine reactivity to acute stressMartine E Habra
Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, V6T 1Z4, Vancouver, BC, Canada
J Psychosom Res 55:235-45. 2003The relationship between Type D personality (the joint tendency towards negative affectivity [NA] and social inhibition [SI]) and laboratory indices of cardiovascular health was examined.
- Heritability of cardiovascular and personality traits in 6,148 SardiniansGiuseppe Pilia
Istituto di Neurogenetica e Neurofarmacologia, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Ospedale Microcitemico, Cagliari, Italy
PLoS Genet 2:e132. 2006..Here, we report heritability analyses for 98 quantitative traits, focusing on facets of personality and cardiovascular function...
- Cortical regions for judgments of emotions and personality traits from point-light walkersAndrea S Heberlein
University of Iowa, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 16:1143-58. 2004Humans are able to use nonverbal behavior to make fast, reliable judgments of both emotional states and personality traits...
- Personality, mental distress, and subjective health complaints among persons with environmental annoyanceK Osterberg
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University Hospital, SE 22185 Lund, Sweden
Hum Exp Toxicol 26:231-41. 2007..Questionnaires concerning personality traits, current mental distress, subjective health complaints, work load and satisfaction, and options for ..
- Association of the s allele of the 5-HTTLPR with neuroticism-related traits and temperaments in a psychiatrically healthy populationXenia Gonda
Dept of Clinical and Theoretical Mental Health, Kutvolgyi Clinical Centre, Semmelweis University, Kutvolgyi ut 4, 1125, Budapest, Hungary
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 259:106-13. 2009..The aim of our study was to investigate the association of the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism with several smaller, distinct and better characterisable phenomena related to the neuroticism trait...
- Usefulness of Type D personality and kidney dysfunction as predictors of interpatient variability in inflammatory activation in chronic heart failureJohan Denollet
Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic diseases CoRPS, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Am J Cardiol 103:399-404. 2009..We prospectively examined kidney dysfunction and Type D personality (tendency to experience and inhibit emotional distress) as predictors of interpatient variability in these ..
- Who wants a hearing aid? Personality profiles of hearing aid seekersRobyn M Cox
The Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
Ear Hear 26:12-26. 2005..This study explored the personalities of hearing aid seekers in an attempt to determine whether those who seek hearing aids are systematically different from the general population...
- Personality, stress and coping in intensive care nurses: a descriptive exploratory studyLorraine Burgess
Faculty of Health and Applied Social Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L2 2ER, UK
Nurs Crit Care 15:129-40. 2010The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between personality traits, perception of workplace stress and coping among intensive care unit (ICU) nurses.
- A multiple-indicator multiple-cause model for posttraumatic stress reactions: personality, coping, and maladjustmentMan Cheung Chung
University of Plymouth, School of Psychology, Plymouth, Devon, PL4 8AA, UK
Psychosom Med 67:251-9. 2005..describe the relationship among posttraumatic stress (PTSD) responses, general health problems, death anxiety, personality factors, and coping strategies among community residents exposed to the technological disasters of aircraft and ..
- Conscientiousness predicts disease progression (CD4 number and viral load) in people living with HIVGail Ironson
Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33124 2070, USA
Health Psychol 26:473-80. 2007..The study also examined whether Conscientiousness effects were mediated by adherence, perceived stress, depression, or coping measures...
- The tridimensional personality theory and pain: harm avoidance and reward dependence traits correlate with pain perception in healthy volunteersDorit Pud
Pain Relief Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel
Eur J Pain 8:31-8. 2004The aim of the present study was to examine the possible role of personality traits in determining the variability of pain perception among individuals...
- Biopsychosocial Factors in Depression and Marriage: Implications for CancerPaula R Pietromonaco; Fiscal Year: 2010..The model incorporates individual and situational vulnerability factors (attachment, personality variables, life events) as well as biological (HPA activation patterns), cognitive, and behavioral mediating ..
- Biopsychosocial Factors in Depression and Marriage: Implications for CancerPAULA PIETROMONACO; Fiscal Year: 2009..The model incorporates individual and situational vulnerability factors (attachment, personality variables, life events) as well as biological (HPA activation patterns), cognitive, and behavioral mediating ..
- Polysomnography in Homeopathic Remedy EffectsIris Bell; Fiscal Year: 2007..The study will examine the interaction of the remedy effects with two different human personality traits associated with insomnia and overlapping those of persons reported in classical homeopathy to respond ..
- FACTORS AFFECTING THE ACCURACY OF PERSONALITY JUDGEMENTDAVID FUNDER; Fiscal Year: 2002Judgments of personality are inferences about traits that underlie consistent, coherent patterns of behavior across diverse situations. Such judgments are relevant to mental health from both the clinician's and client's perspective...
- Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline PersonalityUlrike Feske; Fiscal Year: 2009The overarching goal of this project is to examine the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and a) substance use/substance use disorder and b) sexual risk taking/adverse reproductive outcomes (STDs/HIV; unplanned ..
- Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline PersonalityULRIKE NONE FESKE; Fiscal Year: 2010The overarching goal of this project is to examine the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and a) substance use/substance use disorder and b) sexual risk taking/adverse reproductive outcomes (STDs/HIV;unplanned ..
- Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline PersonalityUlrike Feske; Fiscal Year: 2007The overarching goal of this project is to examine the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and a) substance use/substance use disorder and b) sexual risk taking/adverse reproductive outcomes (STDs/HIV; unplanned ..
- Self-concordant goals, self-regulation, and personalityKENNON SHELDON; Fiscal Year: 2005..personal goals have been shown to provide routes to positive adaptation, increased mental health, and new personality development...
- GENOTYPE/PHENOTYPE CORRELATIONS IN WILLIAMS SYNDROMECAROLYN MERVIS; Fiscal Year: 1999..complex neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by mild to moderate mental retardation, unique cognitive and personality profiles, infantile hypercalcemia, dysmorphic facial features, and supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS)...
- 5HTT and 5-HT2A Receptors in Impulsive Aggression and Effects of FluoxetineLarry J Siever; Fiscal Year: 2010..are designed to better understand the etiologic role of serotonergic abnormalities in impulsive aggressive personality disordered patients and their prediction of response to and change with fluoxetine...
- Integrating Process and Structure in PersonalityWilliam Fleeson; Fiscal Year: 2007An important debate at the intersection of personality, developmental, and social psychology is whether, because of large variability and situation-responsiveness within each person's behavior, research should focus on individual ..
- Age, Affect, Deliberation, and Personality in ChoicesEllen Peters; Fiscal Year: 2002Research is proposed in "Personality, Experimental Social Psychology, and Health Interventions" in which we examine individual differences in affective reactivity and deliberative ability thought to be associated with the effectiveness ..
- Pathways from Childhood Personality Traits to Midlife Metabolic SyndromeSarah Hampson; Fiscal Year: 2007The objective of this project is to use the unique opportunities offered by the Hawaii Personality and Health Cohort to evaluate hypotheses about the mechanisms by which childhood personality traits influence metabolic health status 40 ..
- KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES AND ADULT INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENTPHILLIP ACKERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006..within an integrated framework for adult intellectual development, called PPIK for intelligence-as-Process, Personality, Interests, and intelligence-as-Knowledge...
- SSRIs and Self-harm in Borderline Personality DisorderMichael S McCloskey; Fiscal Year: 2010..Self-harm is integrally related to depressive disorders and Borderline Personality Disorder...
- Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disordersGERALDINE A DOWNEY; Fiscal Year: 2010..and cope in self-defeating ways, extreme forms of which are captured in Borderline (BPD) and Avoidant (APD) Personality Disorders...
- Life-span Evolution of the Capabilities of Rhesus MonkeysJames J Heckman; Fiscal Year: 2010..conditions and subsequent life environments play in determining: adult aging, health, socioeconomic outcomes, personality and cognition...
- Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disordersGERALDINE A DOWNEY; Fiscal Year: 2010..and cope in self-defeating ways, extreme forms of which are captured in Borderline (BPD) and Avoidant (APD) Personality Disorders...
- Life-span Evolution of the Capabilities of Rhesus MonkeysJames Heckman; Fiscal Year: 2009..conditions and subsequent life environments play in determining: adult aging, health, socioeconomic outcomes, personality and cognition...
- BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF SCHIZOTYPAL PERSONALITY DISORDERROBERT MC CARLEY; Fiscal Year: 2007The biological basis of schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) is of intrinsic interest and also important because it bears closely on the nature of schizophrenia (SZ) and "SZ spectrum disorders"...
- Neural Substrates of Emotion in Borderline PatientsErin Hazlett; Fiscal Year: 2007Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a persistent and severe mental disorder with high mortality, morbidity and levels of distress...
- Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disordersGeraldine Downey; Fiscal Year: 2007..and cope in self-defeating ways, extreme forms of which are captured in Borderline (BPD) and Avoidant (APD) Personality Disorders...
- BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF SCHIZOTYPAL PERSONALITY DISORDERROBERT MC CARLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009The biological basis of schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) is of intrinsic interest and also important because it bears closely on the nature of schizophrenia (SZ) and "SZ spectrum disorders"...
- Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disordersGeraldine Downey; Fiscal Year: 2009
- Comparing Alternative Dimensional Approaches to Personality DiagnosisDrew Westen; Fiscal Year: 2007Although personality disorders (PDs) and subthreshold personality pathology are increasingly implicated as diatheses and moderators of treatment response for many Axis I disorders, researchers have identified a number of problems that ..
- Comparing Alternative Dimensional Approaches to Personality DiagnosisDrew Westen; Fiscal Year: 2009Although personality disorders (PDs) and subthreshold personality pathology are increasingly implicated as diatheses and moderators of treatment response for many Axis I disorders, researchers have identified a number of problems that ..
- The Classification of Anxiety DisorderTimothy Brown; Fiscal Year: 2006..and associated instruments of key features of anxiety and mood disorders and measures of core temperament and personality (e.g., negative affect, behavioral inhibition)...