personality

Summary

Summary: Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Personality, addiction, dopamine: insights from Parkinson's disease
    Alain Dagher
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, QC H3A 2B4, Canada
    Neuron 61:502-10. 2009
  2. ncbi DS14: standard assessment of negative affectivity, social inhibition, and Type D personality
    Johan Denollet
    Medical Psychology, Department of Psychology and Health, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Psychosom Med 67:89-97. 2005
  3. pmc Personality influences the neural responses to viewing facial expressions of emotion
    Andrew J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:1684-701. 2011
  4. doi Neural reward processing is modulated by approach- and avoidance-related personality traits
    Joe J Simon
    Section of Experimental Psychopathology, Department of Psychiatry, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    Neuroimage 49:1868-74. 2010
  5. ncbi Neurobiology of the structure of personality: dopamine, facilitation of incentive motivation, and extraversion
    R A Depue
    Department of Human Development, Laboratory of Neurobiology of Personality and Emotion, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 22:491-517; discussion 518-69. 1999
  6. ncbi Determinants of endogenous analgesia magnitude in a diffuse noxious inhibitory control (DNIC) paradigm: do conditioning stimulus painfulness, gender and personality variables matter?
    Michal Granot
    Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Studies, University of Haifa, Israel
    Pain 136:142-9. 2008
  7. ncbi Attentional rubbernecking: cognitive control and personality in emotion-induced blindness
    Steven B Most
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 12:654-61. 2005
  8. pmc Personality is reflected in the brain's intrinsic functional architecture
    Jonathan S Adelstein
    Phyllis Green and Randolph Cōwen Institute for Pediatric Neuroscience at the NYU Child Study Center, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e27633. 2011
  9. pmc Psychiatric comorbidity in patients with chronic daily headache and migraine: a selective overview including personality traits and suicide risk
    Maurizio Pompili
    Department of Psychiatry, Sant Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, 1035 Via di Grottarossa, Rome 00189, Italy
    J Headache Pain 10:283-90. 2009
  10. ncbi From mice to men: what can we learn about personality from animal research?
    S D Gosling
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 78712, USA
    Psychol Bull 127:45-86. 2001

Detail Information

Publications260 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Personality, addiction, dopamine: insights from Parkinson's disease
    Alain Dagher
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, QC H3A 2B4, Canada
    Neuron 61:502-10. 2009
    ..This is surprising because PD patients typically have a very low incidence of drug abuse and display a personality type that is the polar opposite of the addictive personality...
  2. ncbi DS14: standard assessment of negative affectivity, social inhibition, and Type D personality
    Johan Denollet
    Medical Psychology, Department of Psychology and Health, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Psychosom Med 67:89-97. 2005
    Type D personality-a joint tendency toward negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI)-is related to poor cardiac prognosis, but there is no standard for assessing Type D...
  3. pmc Personality influences the neural responses to viewing facial expressions of emotion
    Andrew J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:1684-701. 2011
    Cognitive research has long been aware of the relationship between individual differences in personality and performance on behavioural tasks...
  4. doi Neural reward processing is modulated by approach- and avoidance-related personality traits
    Joe J Simon
    Section of Experimental Psychopathology, Department of Psychiatry, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    Neuroimage 49:1868-74. 2010
    ..neural reward processing previously observed in healthy subjects could reflect inter-individual differences in personality. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate how the neural processing during expectation and reception ..
  5. ncbi Neurobiology of the structure of personality: dopamine, facilitation of incentive motivation, and extraversion
    R A Depue
    Department of Human Development, Laboratory of Neurobiology of Personality and Emotion, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 22:491-517; discussion 518-69. 1999
    ..Our psychobiological threshold model explains the effects of individual differences in dopamine transmission on behavior, and their relation to personality traits is discussed.
  6. ncbi Determinants of endogenous analgesia magnitude in a diffuse noxious inhibitory control (DNIC) paradigm: do conditioning stimulus painfulness, gender and personality variables matter?
    Michal Granot
    Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Studies, University of Haifa, Israel
    Pain 136:142-9. 2008
    ..evaluates in 31 healthy subjects the association between parameters of the conditioning stimulus, gender and personality, and the endogenous analgesia (EA) extent assessed by diffuse noxious inhibitory control (DNIC) paradigm...
  7. ncbi Attentional rubbernecking: cognitive control and personality in emotion-induced blindness
    Steven B Most
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 12:654-61. 2005
    ..effect through attentional strategy, but that the extent of this reduction was related to their level of the personality trait harm avoidance...
  8. pmc Personality is reflected in the brain's intrinsic functional architecture
    Jonathan S Adelstein
    Phyllis Green and Randolph Cōwen Institute for Pediatric Neuroscience at the NYU Child Study Center, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e27633. 2011
    b>Personality describes persistent human behavioral responses to broad classes of environmental stimuli...
  9. pmc Psychiatric comorbidity in patients with chronic daily headache and migraine: a selective overview including personality traits and suicide risk
    Maurizio Pompili
    Department of Psychiatry, Sant Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, 1035 Via di Grottarossa, Rome 00189, Italy
    J Headache Pain 10:283-90. 2009
    ..The increase in self-efficacy and mental health associated with pharmaceutical care may be instrumental in improving the long-term pharmacotherapy of patients with migraine and headache...
  10. ncbi From mice to men: what can we learn about personality from animal research?
    S D Gosling
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 78712, USA
    Psychol Bull 127:45-86. 2001
    The author explores the viability of a comparative approach to personality research. A review of the diverse animal-personality literature suggests that (a) most research uses trait constructs, focuses on variation within (vs...
  11. ncbi Meta-analysis of the association between a serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and anxiety-related personality traits
    Srijan Sen
    Neuroscience Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 127:85-9. 2004
    Anxiety-related personality traits, such as NEO neuroticism and TCI/TPQ harm avoidance, have been shown to have significant genetic components...
  12. pmc Testing predictions from personality neuroscience. Brain structure and the big five
    Colin G DeYoung
    University of Minnesota, 75 East River Rd, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:820-8. 2010
    We used a new theory of the biological basis of the Big Five personality traits to generate hypotheses about the association of each trait with the volume of different brain regions...
  13. doi Reliving emotional personal memories: affective biases linked to personality and sex-related differences
    Ekaterina Denkova
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton
    Emotion 12:515-28. 2012
    ..that the emotional valence and recollective properties of autobiographical memories (AMs) may be influenced by personality- and sex-related differences, overall these relationships remain poorly understood...
  14. doi Behavioural reaction norms: animal personality meets individual plasticity
    Niels J Dingemanse
    Animal Ecology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies and Department of Behavioural Biology, Centre for Behaviour and Neurosciences, University of Groningen, PO Box 14, 9750 AA Haren, The Netherlands
    Trends Ecol Evol 25:81-9. 2010
    ..individual animals differ in their average level of behaviour displayed across a range of contexts (animal 'personality'), and in their responsiveness to environmental variation (plasticity), and that these phenomena can be ..
  15. ncbi Dopamine D4 receptor (D4DR) exon III polymorphism associated with the human personality trait of Novelty Seeking
    R P Ebstein
    Research Laboratory, S Herzog Memorial Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Nat Genet 12:78-80. 1996
  16. ncbi Association of the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene and approach-related personality traits: meta-analysis and new data
    Marcus R Munafo
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 63:197-206. 2008
    ..Two variants in the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene have been reported to be associated with human approach-related traits such as novelty seeking and extraversion. However, the strength of evidence for this association remains uncertain...
  17. ncbi Attentional modulation of the amygdala varies with personality
    Steven B Most
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Neuroimage 31:934-44. 2006
    ..amygdala activity was modulated by attention, but that the degree of such modulation correlated with the personality variable harm avoidance, associated with trait anxiety...
  18. ncbi Self-regulation and personality: how interventions increase regulatory success, and how depletion moderates the effects of traits on behavior
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
    J Pers 74:1773-801. 2006
    ....
  19. doi The mismeasure of morals: antisocial personality traits predict utilitarian responses to moral dilemmas
    Daniel M Bartels
    Columbia University, Uris Hall 502, 3022 Broadway, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Cognition 121:154-61. 2011
    ..passive harm) are committing an error. We report a study in which participants responded to a battery of personality assessments and a set of dilemmas that pit utilitarian and non-utilitarian options against each other...
  20. ncbi Impact of psychological factors on the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and implications for therapy
    A Rozanski
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Circulation 99:2192-217. 1999
    ..composed largely of data relating CAD risk to 5 specific psychosocial domains: (1) depression, (2) anxiety, (3) personality factors and character traits, (4) social isolation, and (5) chronic life stress...
  21. ncbi Amygdala response to happy faces as a function of extraversion
    Turhan Canli
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Science 296:2191. 2002
  22. ncbi Individual differences in emotion processing
    Stephan Hamann
    Department of Psychology, SUNY Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York, NY 11794 2500, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 14:233-8. 2004
    ..Differences in personality, dispositional affect, biological sex, and genotype can all substantially modulate the neural bases of emotion ..
  23. ncbi Life-history trade-offs favour the evolution of animal personalities
    Max Wolf
    Theoretical Biology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Kerklaan 30, 9751 NN Haren, The Netherlands
    Nature 447:581-4. 2007
    ..Moreover, it explains the common finding that explorative behaviour and risk-related traits like boldness and aggressiveness are common characteristics of animal personalities...
  24. ncbi Type D personality, cardiac events, and impaired quality of life: a review
    Susanne S Pedersen
    Medical Psychology, Department of Psychology and Health, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 10:241-8. 2003
    ..Although it has become unfashionable to focus on personality factors since research on Type A behaviour yielded inconsistent findings, personality may comprise a major ..
  25. pmc Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for personality
    M H M De Moor
    Department of Biological Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Mol Psychiatry 17:337-49. 2012
    b>Personality can be thought of as a set of characteristics that influence people's thoughts, feelings and behavior across a variety of settings. Variation in personality is predictive of many outcomes in life, including mental health...
  26. ncbi Job burnout
    C Maslach
    Psychology Department, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 1650, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 52:397-422. 2001
    ..The social focus of burnout, the solid research basis concerning the syndrome, and its specific ties to the work domain make a distinct and valuable contribution to people's health and well-being...
  27. pmc Evolutionary and ecological approaches to the study of personality
    Denis Reale
    Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Montreal, Canada
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:3937-46. 2010
    This introduction to the themed issue on Evolutionary and ecological approaches to the study of personality provides an overview of conceptual, theoretical and methodological progress in research on animal personalities over the last ..
  28. doi Personality factors and medical training: a review of the literature
    Eva M Doherty
    National Surgical Training Centre, The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland
    Med Educ 45:132-40. 2011
    it has been acknowledged that certain personality characteristics influence both medical students' and doctors' performance...
  29. pmc Personality predictors of longevity: activity, emotional stability, and conscientiousness
    Antonio Terracciano
    Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, National Institute on Aging, NIH, DHHS, 251 Bayview Blvd, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Psychosom Med 70:621-7. 2008
    To examine the association between personality traits and longevity.
  30. ncbi The five-factor model of personality and borderline personality disorder: a genetic analysis of comorbidity
    Marijn A Distel
    Department of Biological Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychiatry 66:1131-8. 2009
    Recently, the nature of personality disorders and their relationship with normal personality traits has received extensive attention...
  31. ncbi Association between DRD4 gene polymorphism and personality variation in great tits: a test across four wild populations
    Peter Korsten
    Department of Behavioural Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Seewiesen, Germany
    Mol Ecol 19:832-43. 2010
    ..The confirmation of an association between SNP830 genotype and personality-related behaviour in a wild bird population warrants further research into potential fitness effects of the ..
  32. doi Type D personality among noncardiovascular patient populations: a systematic review
    Floortje Mols
    CoRPS Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic diseases, Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 32:66-72. 2010
    This article reviews all available literature concerning the implications of Type D personality (the conjoint effects of negative affectivity and social inhibition) among patients with noncardiovascular conditions.
  33. doi Why can't a man be more like a woman? Sex differences in Big Five personality traits across 55 cultures
    David P Schmitt
    Department of Psychology, Bradley University, Peoria, IL 62625, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 94:168-82. 2008
    Previous research suggested that sex differences in personality traits are larger in prosperous, healthy, and egalitarian cultures in which women have more opportunities equal with those of men...
  34. pmc Genetic variants in AVPR1A linked to autism predict amygdala activation and personality traits in healthy humans
    A Meyer-Lindenberg
    Unit for Systems Neuroscience in Psychiatry, National Institute for Mental Health, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Mol Psychiatry 14:968-75. 2009
    ..Our results indicate a neural mechanism mediating genetic risk for autism through an impact on amygdala signalling and provide a rationale for exploring therapeutic strategies aimed at abnormal amygdala function in this disorder...
  35. ncbi Cloninger's temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with major depressive disorder
    Feryal Cam Celikel
    Department of Psychiatry, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, 60100 Tokat, Turkey
    Compr Psychiatry 50:556-61. 2009
    In this present study, we examined the relationship between the Cloninger's dimensional psychobiologic model of personality and depression in an outpatient population with major depressive disorder...
  36. doi Stimulating personality: ethical criteria for deep brain stimulation in psychiatric patients and for enhancement purposes
    Matthis Synofzik
    Department for Neurodegenerative Diseases, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    Biotechnol J 3:1511-20. 2008
    ..To gain normative orientation, the concept of "personality" is not useful--even if a naturalistic notion is employed...
  37. ncbi Treatment adherence in multiple sclerosis: association with emotional status, personality, and cognition
    Jared M Bruce
    Department of Psychology, University of Missouri Kansas City, 4825 Troost Building, Suite 111G, Kansas City, MO 64110, USA
    J Behav Med 33:219-27. 2010
    ..Pharmacological or psychotherapeutic treatment of mood/anxiety disorders, use of scheduled reminders, and/or increased organization and structure may lead to improved treatment adherence in MS...
  38. ncbi Williams syndrome: cognition, personality, and adaptive behavior
    C B Mervis
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 6:148-58. 2000
    ..behavioral phenotype for Williams syndrome is characterized by a distinctive cognitive profile and an unusual personality profile...
  39. ncbi Association study of a brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism and personality trait and intelligence in healthy young females
    Shih Jen Tsai
    Department of Psychiatry, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
    Neuropsychobiology 49:13-6. 2004
    ..Further, BDNF has been implicated in the expression of personality traits and in cognitive function...
  40. ncbi Correlation of duration of latent Toxoplasma gondii infection with personality changes in women
    J Flegr
    Department of Parasitology, Charles University, Prague, Czech
    Biol Psychol 53:57-68. 2000
    ..In humans latent toxoplasmosis is associated with changes in personality profiles...
  41. ncbi Measurement of temperament and character in mood disorders: a model of fundamental states as personality types
    C R Cloninger
    Washington University Department of Psychiatry and the Center for Psychobiology of Personality, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Affect Disord 51:21-32. 1998
    b>Personality assessment may allow reliable measurement of risk of mood disorders.
  42. ncbi Distinctive personality characteristics of 8-, 9-, and 10-year-olds with Williams syndrome
    Bonita P Klein-Tasman
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, 53201, USA
    Dev Neuropsychol 23:269-90. 2003
    ..research and clinical observation have indicated that individuals with Williams syndrome have a distinctive personality, an empirically derived personality profile has not been developed...
  43. ncbi A meta-analysis of the association between the serotonin transporter gene polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and trait anxiety
    J A Schinka
    Veteran s Administration Medical Center, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
    Mol Psychiatry 9:197-202. 2004
    ..These findings indicate that 5-HTTLPR may in fact have a small but reliable influence on personality, particularly in the manifestation of trait anxiety when measured with a neuroticism scale based on the five-..
  44. ncbi Growth-mortality tradeoffs and 'personality traits' in animals
    Judy A Stamps
    University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Ecol Lett 10:355-63. 2007
    Consistent individual differences in boldness, reactivity, aggressiveness, and other 'personality traits' in animals are stable within individuals but vary across individuals, for reasons which are currently obscure...
  45. doi Personality in nonhuman primates: a review and evaluation of past research
    Hani D Freeman
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 78712, USA
    Am J Primatol 72:653-71. 2010
    Scientific reports of personality in nonhuman primates are now appearing with increasing frequency across a wide range of disciplines, including psychology, anthropology, endocrinology, and zoo management...
  46. pmc The impact of anxiety-inducing distraction on cognitive performance: a combined brain imaging and personality investigation
    Ekaterina Denkova
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    PLoS ONE 5:e14150. 2010
    ..We investigated whether activity in the brain regions sensitive to emotional distraction would show dissociable patterns of co-variation with measures indexing individual variations in trait anxiety and cognitive performance...
  47. pmc Reward-learning and the novelty-seeking personality: a between- and within-subjects study of the effects of dopamine agonists on young Parkinson's patients
    Nikoletta Bodi
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
    Brain 132:2385-95. 2009
    ..Reward and punishment processing was assessed by a feedback-based probabilistic classification task. Personality characteristics were measured by the temperament and character inventory...
  48. ncbi Inadequate consultation behavior modulates the relationship between type D personality and impaired health status in chronic heart failure
    Aline J Pelle
    CoRPS, Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Int J Cardiol 142:65-71. 2010
    ..risk factors for impaired health outcomes have been acknowledged in chronic heart failure (CHF), with Type D personality being such a risk factor...
  49. ncbi Emotional conflict and neuroticism: personality-dependent activation in the amygdala and subgenual anterior cingulate
    Brian W Haas
    Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA
    Behav Neurosci 121:249-56. 2007
    ..This effect was driven to a greater extent by the anxious relative to the depressive characteristics of neuroticism and may constitute vulnerability markers for anxiety-related disorders...
  50. doi Personality and the perception of health and happiness
    C Robert Cloninger
    Dept of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Affect Disord 128:24-32. 2011
    Health is a state of physical, mental, and social well-being. Personality traits measure individual differences in adaptive functioning and mental health, but little is known about how well personality accounts for health's affective ..
  51. ncbi An fMRI study of personality influences on brain reactivity to emotional stimuli
    T Canli
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, California 94305, USA
    Behav Neurosci 115:33-42. 2001
    ..studies have examined which brain regions respond to emotional stimuli, but they have not determined how stable personality traits moderate such brain activation...
  52. ncbi High harm avoidance and low self-directedness in euthymic young adults with recurrent, early-onset depression
    Daniel J Smith
    Division of Psychiatry, School of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Royal Edinburgh Hospital, Morningside Park, Edinburgh EH10 5HF, UK
    J Affect Disord 87:83-9. 2005
    The personality dimensions of harm avoidance (HA) and self-directedness (SD), as measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), have been widely associated with depression and there is preliminary evidence that they may ..
  53. pmc Neural basis of interpersonal traits in neurodegenerative diseases
    Marc Sollberger
    Memory and Aging Center, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 1207, USA
    Neuropsychologia 47:2812-27. 2009
    Several functional and structural imaging studies have investigated the neural basis of personality in healthy adults, but human lesions studies are scarce...
  54. doi Long-term health-related quality of life after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: relationship with psychological symptoms and personality characteristics
    J M Anne Visser-Meily
    Department of Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Stroke 40:1526-9. 2009
    ..Physical factors have been identified as determinants of HRQoL. We describe long-term HRQoL and assessed whether psychological symptoms and personality characteristics determine HRQoL after subarachnoid hemorrhage.
  55. ncbi Personality and major depression: a Swedish longitudinal, population-based twin study
    Kenneth S Kendler
    Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Virginia Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:1113-20. 2006
    Prior studies suggest that the personality traits of neuroticism and extroversion may be related to the liability to major depression (MD).
  56. ncbi Type D personality. A potential risk factor refined
    J Denollet
    Department of Clinical Health Psychology, Tilburg University, Netherlands
    J Psychosom Res 49:255-66. 2000
    ..Broad and stable personality traits may have much explanatory power; this article selectively focuses on negative affectivity (NA; tendency ..
  57. doi Medial prefrontal cortex subserves diverse forms of self-reflection
    Adrianna C Jenkins
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Soc Neurosci 6:211-8. 2011
    ..However, although humans can contemplate a variety of different aspects of themselves, including their stable personality traits, current feelings, and physical attributes, no research has directly examined the extent to which these ..
  58. doi Personality and social context
    Mike M Webster
    School of Biology, University of St Andrews, Fife, UK
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 86:759-73. 2011
    There has been considerable interest among biologists in the phenomenon of non-human animal personality in recent years...
  59. ncbi Patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:1-25. 2006
    ..study used meta-analytic techniques (number of samples = 92) to determine the patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course...
  60. ncbi Domain and facet personality predictors of all-cause mortality among Medicare patients aged 65 to 100
    Alexander Weiss
    Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 5600 Nathan Shock Drive, Baltimore, MD 21224 6825, USA
    Psychosom Med 67:724-33. 2005
    ..Our objectives were to test whether Conscientiousness, the other 4 domains of the Five-Factor Model, and their facets predicted mortality in older, frail individuals...
  61. ncbi Animal personalities: consequences for ecology and evolution
    Max Wolf
    Department of Biology and Ecology of Fishes, Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Mueggelseedamm 310, 12587 Berlin, Germany
    Trends Ecol Evol 27:452-61. 2012
    b>Personality differences are a widespread phenomenon throughout the animal kingdom. Past research has focused on the characterization of such differences and a quest for their proximate and ultimate causation...
  62. ncbi Temperament and character personality profiles and personality disorders in chronic pain patients
    Rupert Conrad
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Bonn, Sigmund Freud Str 25, 53105 Bonn, Germany
    Pain 133:197-209. 2007
    In his psychobiological model of personality, Cloninger developed a novel approach concerning the relationships between psychopathological syndromes and personality...
  63. pmc Is our self nothing but reward? Neuronal overlap and distinction between reward and personal relevance and its relation to human personality
    Björn Enzi
    Department of Psychiatry, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany
    PLoS ONE 4:e8429. 2009
    ..Although previous research demonstrated a relationship between reward and personal relevance, their exact neuronal relationship including the impact of personality traits remains unclear.
  64. ncbi Gender-dependent association of a functional NGF polymorphism with anxiety-related personality traits
    U E Lang
    Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité Medicine Berlin, Campus Charite Mitte, Berlin, Germany
    Pharmacopsychiatry 41:196-9. 2008
    ..Nerve growth factor (NGF) has been shown to be involved in anxiety behaviour and the expression of conditioned fear in mice...
  65. ncbi Can behavioral and personality traits influence the success of unintentional species introductions?
    David G Chapple
    School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 27:57-64. 2012
    ..In addition, we emphasize how recent advances in understanding of animal personalities and individual-level behavioral variation can help elucidate the mechanisms underlying the success of stowaways...
  66. pmc Personality features and personality disorders in chronic fatigue syndrome: a population-based study
    Urs M Nater
    Chronic Viral Diseases Branch, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Psychother Psychosom 79:312-8. 2010
    Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) presents unique diagnostic and management challenges. Personality may be a risk factor for CFS and may contribute to the maintenance of the illness.
  67. ncbi Relationship of resilience to personality, coping, and psychiatric symptoms in young adults
    Laura Campbell-Sills
    Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, 8950 Villa La Jolla Drive, Suite C207, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Behav Res Ther 44:585-99. 2006
    ..The present study investigated the relationship of resilience to personality traits, coping styles, and psychiatric symptoms in a sample of college students...
  68. doi Personality predicts temporal attention costs in the attentional blink paradigm
    Mary H MacLean
    Brock University, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada
    Psychon Bull Rev 17:556-62. 2010
    ..In the present study, individual differences in personality traits related to positive affect, negative affect, and cognitive flexibility were used to predict individual ..
  69. ncbi The new reinforcement sensitivity theory: implications for personality measurement
    Luke D Smillie
    Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths College, University of London, New Cross, UK
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 10:320-35. 2006
    ..1991) reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST), and attempt to draw implications for psychometric measurement of personality traits...
  70. pmc Failure to consult for symptoms of heart failure in patients with a type-D personality
    Angelique A Schiffer
    Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases, Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Heart 93:814-8. 2007
    ..Patients with a type-D personality, characterised by high social inhibition and negative affectivity, may delay medical consultation despite ..
  71. ncbi Personality and specialty interest in medical students
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Teach 30:400-6. 2008
    Research on the relationship between personality and specialty interest is important because of its implications in student career counseling and in forecasting future specialty distribution.
  72. pmc Beyond Type D personality: reduced positive affect (anhedonia) predicts impaired health status in chronic heart failure
    Aline J Pelle
    Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Qual Life Res 18:689-98. 2009
    Type D personality has been associated with impaired health status in chronic heart failure (CHF), but other psychological factors may also be important.
  73. ncbi The error-related negativity as a state and trait measure: motivation, personality, and ERPs in response to errors
    Patricia E Pailing
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Psychophysiology 41:84-95. 2004
    This study examines changes in the error-related negativity (ERN/Ne) related to motivational incentives and personality traits. ERPs were gathered while adults completed a four-choice letter task during four motivational conditions...
  74. ncbi Genetic variation in MAOA modulates ventromedial prefrontal circuitry mediating individual differences in human personality
    J W Buckholtz
    Neuroimaging Core Facility, National Institute for Mental Health, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892 1365, USA
    Mol Psychiatry 13:313-24. 2008
    Little is known about neural mechanisms underlying human personality and temperament, despite their considerable importance as highly heritable risk mediators for somatic and psychiatric disorders...
  75. pmc Does work affect personality? A study in horses
    Martine Hausberger
    Universite de Rennes 1, UMR 6552 Ethologie Animale et Humaine, Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS, Campus de Beaulieu, Rennes, France
    PLoS ONE 6:e14659. 2011
    It has been repeatedly hypothesized that job characteristics are related to changes in personality in humans, but often personality models still omit effects of life experience...
  76. doi Personality-targeted interventions delay the growth of adolescent drinking and binge drinking
    Patricia J Conrod
    Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:181-90. 2008
    b>Personality factors are implicated in the vulnerability to adolescent alcohol misuse. This study examined whether providing personality-targeted interventions in early adolescence can delay drinking and binge drinking in high-risk youth.
  77. ncbi Personality traits as risk factors of depression and anxiety among Japanese students
    Tomomi Matsudaira
    Department of Clinical Behavioural Sciences, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1 1 1 Honjo, Kumamoto, 860 8556, Japan
    J Clin Psychol 62:97-109. 2006
    The aim of this study is to examine the effects of personality (temperament and character) on specific depression and specific anxiety...
  78. ncbi Personality from a controlled processing perspective: an fMRI study of neuroticism, extraversion, and self-consciousness
    Naomi I Eisenberger
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 1563, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:169-81. 2005
    Although neuroticism has been central to most theories of personality, self-reported neuroticism has had limited success in predicting expected behavioral outcomes...
  79. ncbi A new look at the big five factor structure through exploratory structural equation modeling
    Herbert W Marsh
    Department of Education, University of Oxford, Oxford, England
    Psychol Assess 22:471-91. 2010
    NEO instruments are widely used to assess Big Five personality factors, but confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) conducted at the item level do not support their a priori structure due, in part, to the overly restrictive CFA assumptions...
  80. doi Executive function and decision-making in women with fibromyalgia
    Antonio Verdejo-Garcia
    Pharmacology Research Unit, Institut Municipal dInvestigació Mèdica, Barcelona, Spain
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 24:113-22. 2009
    ..the relationship between executive function performance and pain experience, and between executive function and personality traits of novelty-seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, and persistence (measured by the Temperament and ..
  81. pmc Intellect as distinct from Openness: differences revealed by fMRI of working memory
    Colin G DeYoung
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 97:883-92. 2009
    Relatively little is known about the neural bases of the Big Five personality trait Openness/Intellect. This trait is composed of 2 related but separable aspects, Openness to Experience and Intellect...
  82. ncbi Changes in EEG and autonomic nervous activity during meditation and their association with personality traits
    Tetsuya Takahashi
    Department of Neuropsychiatry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Matsuoka cho, Fukui 910 1193, Japan
    Int J Psychophysiol 55:199-207. 2005
    ..by many as a self-regulatory approach to emotion management, but the psychophysiological properties and personality traits that characterize this meditative state have not been adequately studied...
  83. doi Personality, adherence, asthma control and health-related quality of life in young adult asthmatics
    M Axelsson
    Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, SE 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
    Respir Med 103:1033-40. 2009
    ..Several influential factors have been identified, but the importance of personality traits has been insufficiently explored...
  84. pmc Type D personality in the general population: a systematic review of health status, mechanisms of disease, and work-related problems
    Floortje Mols
    CoRPS Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic diseases, Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 8:9. 2010
    The objective was to review all available literature concerning Type D (distressed) personality among the general population and to discuss its implications for research on health status, disease-promoting mechanisms and work-related ..
  85. pmc Evolution of personality differences in leadership
    Rufus A Johnstone
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:8373-8. 2011
    ..These personality types emerge and are maintained by frequency-dependent selection, because leaders gain by imposing their ..
  86. ncbi Sexual selection and animal personality
    Wiebke Schuett
    Centre for Ecology and Conservation, University of Exeter, Penryn, UK
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 85:217-46. 2010
    ..Functional explanations for personality have been proposed, but as yet, very little consideration has been given to a possible role for sexual ..
  87. ncbi Subarachnoid hemorrhage treated with clipping: long-term effects on employment, relationships, personality, and mood
    Marieke J H Wermer
    Department of Neurology, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Neurosurgery 60:91-7; discussion 97-8. 2007
    ..Despite this recovery, many of these patients experience psychosocial problems. We assessed the long-term effects of SAH on employment, relationships, personality, and mood.
  88. ncbi Inadequate response to treatment in coronary heart disease : adverse effects of type D personality and younger age on 5-year prognosis and quality of life
    J Denollet
    University Hospital of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
    Circulation 102:630-5. 2000
    ..We hypothesized that chronic emotional distress confers an increased risk of poor outcome despite appropriate treatment...
  89. ncbi Individualism-collectivism and personality
    H C Triandis
    University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, USA
    J Pers 69:907-24. 2001
    ..main findings concerning the relationship between the cultural syndromes of individualism and collectivism and personality. People in collectivist cultures, compared to people in individualist cultures, are likely to define themselves ..
  90. doi Personality predicts the brain's response to viewing appetizing foods: the neural basis of a risk factor for overeating
    Luca Passamonti
    Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, Cambridge CB2 7EF, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 29:43-51. 2009
    ..Differences in the dynamic interactions within the human appetitive network in response to pictures of appetizing foods may determine an individual's risk of obesity...
  91. ncbi Type D personality is related to cardiovascular and neuroendocrine reactivity to acute stress
    Martine E Habra
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, V6T 1Z4, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Psychosom Res 55:235-45. 2003
    The relationship between Type D personality (the joint tendency towards negative affectivity [NA] and social inhibition [SI]) and laboratory indices of cardiovascular health was examined.
  92. pmc Heritability of cardiovascular and personality traits in 6,148 Sardinians
    Giuseppe Pilia
    Istituto di Neurogenetica e Neurofarmacologia, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Ospedale Microcitemico, Cagliari, Italy
    PLoS Genet 2:e132. 2006
    ..Here, we report heritability analyses for 98 quantitative traits, focusing on facets of personality and cardiovascular function...
  93. ncbi Cortical regions for judgments of emotions and personality traits from point-light walkers
    Andrea S Heberlein
    University of Iowa, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 16:1143-58. 2004
    Humans are able to use nonverbal behavior to make fast, reliable judgments of both emotional states and personality traits...
  94. ncbi Personality, mental distress, and subjective health complaints among persons with environmental annoyance
    K Osterberg
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University Hospital, SE 22185 Lund, Sweden
    Hum Exp Toxicol 26:231-41. 2007
    ..Questionnaires concerning personality traits, current mental distress, subjective health complaints, work load and satisfaction, and options for ..
  95. doi Association of the s allele of the 5-HTTLPR with neuroticism-related traits and temperaments in a psychiatrically healthy population
    Xenia Gonda
    Dept of Clinical and Theoretical Mental Health, Kutvolgyi Clinical Centre, Semmelweis University, Kutvolgyi ut 4, 1125, Budapest, Hungary
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 259:106-13. 2009
    ..The aim of our study was to investigate the association of the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism with several smaller, distinct and better characterisable phenomena related to the neuroticism trait...
  96. doi Usefulness of Type D personality and kidney dysfunction as predictors of interpatient variability in inflammatory activation in chronic heart failure
    Johan Denollet
    Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic diseases CoRPS, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Am J Cardiol 103:399-404. 2009
    ..We prospectively examined kidney dysfunction and Type D personality (tendency to experience and inhibit emotional distress) as predictors of interpatient variability in these ..
  97. ncbi Who wants a hearing aid? Personality profiles of hearing aid seekers
    Robyn M Cox
    The Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    Ear Hear 26:12-26. 2005
    ..This study explored the personalities of hearing aid seekers in an attempt to determine whether those who seek hearing aids are systematically different from the general population...
  98. ncbi Personality, stress and coping in intensive care nurses: a descriptive exploratory study
    Lorraine Burgess
    Faculty of Health and Applied Social Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L2 2ER, UK
    Nurs Crit Care 15:129-40. 2010
    The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between personality traits, perception of workplace stress and coping among intensive care unit (ICU) nurses.
  99. ncbi A multiple-indicator multiple-cause model for posttraumatic stress reactions: personality, coping, and maladjustment
    Man Cheung Chung
    University of Plymouth, School of Psychology, Plymouth, Devon, PL4 8AA, UK
    Psychosom Med 67:251-9. 2005
    ..describe the relationship among posttraumatic stress (PTSD) responses, general health problems, death anxiety, personality factors, and coping strategies among community residents exposed to the technological disasters of aircraft and ..
  100. ncbi Conscientiousness predicts disease progression (CD4 number and viral load) in people living with HIV
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33124 2070, USA
    Health Psychol 26:473-80. 2007
    ..The study also examined whether Conscientiousness effects were mediated by adherence, perceived stress, depression, or coping measures...
  101. ncbi The tridimensional personality theory and pain: harm avoidance and reward dependence traits correlate with pain perception in healthy volunteers
    Dorit Pud
    Pain Relief Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel
    Eur J Pain 8:31-8. 2004
    The aim of the present study was to examine the possible role of personality traits in determining the variability of pain perception among individuals...

Research Grants80

  1. Emotions are emergent events constrained by affective and conceptual processes.
    Lisa Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. UAB MENTAL RETARDATION RESEARCH CENTER (MRRC)
    Alan Percy; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Developmental disabilities, including mental retardation and other disorders that affect personality, intellectual abilities, social interactions and general cognitive performance affect a large fraction of the population in the United ..
  3. Synaptic autoimmunity in disorders of memory, behavior, cognition and psychosis
    Rita Balice Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..findings have led to the hypothesis that many acute encephalopathies of unknown etiology causing behavioral, personality and memory deficits are likely mediated by antibodies that affect neurotransmitter receptors at cell surface or ..
  4. Synaptic autoimmunity in disorders of memory, behavior, cognition and psychosis
    Josep Dalmau; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..findings have led to the hypothesis that many acute encephalopathies of unknown etiology causing behavioral, personality and memory deficits are likely mediated by antibodies that affect neurotransmitter receptors at cell surface or ..
  5. Personality and Health Services Use and Expenditures of Older Persons
    Bruce Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If personality is associated with healthcare use and expenditures in later life, then it could be a critical factor in the ..
  6. Biopsychosocial Factors in Depression and Marriage: Implications for Cancer
    Paula R Pietromonaco; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The model incorporates individual and situational vulnerability factors (attachment, personality variables, life events) as well as biological (HPA activation patterns), cognitive, and behavioral mediating ..
  7. Biopsychosocial Factors in Depression and Marriage: Implications for Cancer
    PAULA PIETROMONACO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The model incorporates individual and situational vulnerability factors (attachment, personality variables, life events) as well as biological (HPA activation patterns), cognitive, and behavioral mediating ..
  8. Polysomnography in Homeopathic Remedy Effects
    Iris Bell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The study will examine the interaction of the remedy effects with two different human personality traits associated with insomnia and overlapping those of persons reported in classical homeopathy to respond ..
  9. Polysomnography in Homeopathic Remedy Effects
    Iris Bell; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The study will examine the interaction of the remedy effects with two different human personality traits associated with insomnia and overlapping those of persons reported in classical homeopathy to respond ..
  10. Polysomnography in Homeopathic Remedy Effects
    Iris Bell; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The study will examine the interaction of the remedy effects with two different human personality traits associated with insomnia and overlapping those of persons reported in classical homeopathy to respond ..
  11. FACTORS AFFECTING THE ACCURACY OF PERSONALITY JUDGEMENT
    DAVID FUNDER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Judgments of personality are inferences about traits that underlie consistent, coherent patterns of behavior across diverse situations. Such judgments are relevant to mental health from both the clinician's and client's perspective...
  12. FACTORS AFFECTING THE ACCURACY OF PERSONALITY JUDGEMENT
    DAVID FUNDER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    Judgments of personality are inferences about traits that underlie consistent, coherent patterns of behavior across diverse situations. Such judgments are relevant to mental health from both the clinician's and client's perspective...
  13. FACTORS AFFECTING THE ACCURACY OF PERSONALITY JUDGEMENT
    DAVID FUNDER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    Judgments of personality are inferences about traits that underlie consistent, coherent patterns of behavior across diverse situations. Such judgments are relevant to mental health from both the clinician's and client's perspective...
  14. FACTORS AFFECTING THE ACCURACY OF PERSONALITY JUDGEMENT
    DAVID FUNDER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    Judgments of personality are inferences about traits that underlie consistent, coherent patterns of behavior across diverse situations. Such judgments are relevant to mental health from both the clinician's and client's perspective...
  15. SCHIZOTYPAL PD--VALIDITY & RELATIONSHIP TO SCHIZOPHRENIA
    Michael Lyons; Fiscal Year: 1992
    Clinicians and researchers have sought to describe and define a personality type that shares some characteristics of schizophrenia as stable personality traits and shares a common genetic substrate...
  16. Refining Borderline Personality Disorder Using Flexible Latent Variable Modeling
    MICHAEL NELSON HALLQUIST; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by candidate): Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a complex psychiatric disorder associated with subjective misery, poor quality of life, and chronic suicidality, with estimates of suicide completion as high ..
  17. Enhanced Self-Appraisal After Cancer: A Bias in Survivors' Self-Report?
    Christopher Recklitis; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..where existing measures may be adequately developed and validated, this research requires conceptualizing broad personality constructs and developing new measures for them.9, 10...
  18. Enhanced Self-Appraisal After Cancer: A Bias in Survivors' Self-Report?
    CHRISTOPHER JOHN RECKLITIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..where existing measures may be adequately developed and validated, this research requires conceptualizing broad personality constructs and developing new measures for them.9, 10...
  19. EMOTIONS
    Robert Levenson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..of FTLD, many of the symptoms are behavioral, including changes in emotional behavior, social behavior, and personality. These behavioral symptoms have not been well-specified, and thus FTLD often goes unrecognized or misdiagnosed...
  20. Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline Personality
    Ulrike Feske; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..provided by applicant): The overarching goal of this project is to examine the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and a) substance use/substance use disorder and b) sexual risk taking/adverse reproductive ..
  21. Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline Personality
    Ulrike Feske; Fiscal Year: 2006
    The overarching goal of this project is to examine the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and a) substance use/substance use disorder and b) sexual risk taking/adverse reproductive outcomes (STDs/HIV; unplanned ..
  22. Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline Personality
    ULRIKE NONE FESKE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provided by applicant): The overarching goal of this project is to examine the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and a) substance use/substance use disorder and b) sexual risk taking/adverse reproductive ..
  23. Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline Personality
    Ulrike Feske; Fiscal Year: 2007
    The overarching goal of this project is to examine the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and a) substance use/substance use disorder and b) sexual risk taking/adverse reproductive outcomes (STDs/HIV; unplanned ..
  24. Self-concordant goals, self-regulation, and personality
    KENNON SHELDON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..personal goals have been shown to provide routes to positive adaptation, increased mental health, and new personality development...
  25. Self-concordant goals, self-regulation, and personality
    KENNON SHELDON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..personal goals have been shown to provide routes to positive adaptation, increased mental health, and new personality development...
  26. Self-concordant goals, self-regulation, and personality
    KENNON SHELDON; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..personal goals have been shown to provide routes to positive adaptation, increased mental health, and new personality development...
  27. Self-concordant goals, self-regulation, and personality
    KENNON SHELDON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..personal goals have been shown to provide routes to positive adaptation, increased mental health, and new personality development...
  28. GENOTYPE/PHENOTYPE CORRELATIONS IN WILLIAMS SYNDROME
    CAROLYN MERVIS; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..complex neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by mild to moderate mental retardation, unique cognitive and personality profiles, infantile hypercalcemia, dysmorphic facial features, and supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS)...
  29. 5HTT and 5-HT2A Receptors in Impulsive Aggression and Effects of Fluoxetine
    Larry J Siever; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..are designed to better understand the etiologic role of serotonergic abnormalities in impulsive aggressive personality disordered patients and their prediction of response to and change with fluoxetine...
  30. 5HTT and 5-HT2A Receptors in Impulsive Aggression and Effects of Fluoxetine
    Larry Siever; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..are designed to better understand the etiologic role of serotonergic abnormalities in impulsive aggressive personality disordered patients and their prediction of response to and change with fluoxetine...
  31. VALIDITY IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS
    Paul Pilkonis; Fiscal Year: 1990
    Research on personality disorders is plagued by methodological difficulties...
  32. Comparing Methods to Model Stability and Change in Personality and its Pathology
    AIDAN GREGORY CRAVER WRIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Personality disorders (PD) are serious, debilitating, costly, and oftentimes fatal disorders that are highly prevalent in epidemiological samples (~10 percent, Lenzenweger, 2008)...
  33. VALIDITY IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS
    Marsha Marcus; Fiscal Year: 1993
    Research on personality disorders is plagued by methodological difficulties...
  34. Integrating Process and Structure in Personality
    William Fleeson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): An important debate at the intersection of personality, developmental, and social psychology is whether, because of large variability and situation-responsiveness within each person's behavior, ..
  35. Integrating Process and Structure in Personality
    William Fleeson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    An important debate at the intersection of personality, developmental, and social psychology is whether, because of large variability and situation-responsiveness within each person's behavior, research should focus on individual ..
  36. Integrating Process and Structure in Personality
    William Fleeson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): An important debate at the intersection of personality, developmental, and social psychology is whether, because of large variability and situation-responsiveness within each person's behavior, ..
  37. Age, Affect, Deliberation, and Personality in Choices
    Ellen Peters; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Research is proposed in "Personality, Experimental Social Psychology, and Health Interventions" in which we examine individual differences in affective reactivity and deliberative ability thought to be associated with the effectiveness ..
  38. BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER PSYCHOPATHOLOGY ROUTE
    John Perry; Fiscal Year: 1980
    It is the overall objective of this proposal to study the psychopathology, course, and family of the Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). While there is a great amount of literature on the BPD, empirical studies are few...
  39. PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL BEING: GROOMING PREFERENCE & GENDER
    DOUGLAS BOWDEN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..the individual differences using measures found by others to have trait-like qualities of relevance to personality. We collaborated with Dr...
  40. GROOMING PREFERENCE & GENDER
    DOUGLAS BOWDEN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..the individual differences using measures found by others to have trait-like qualities of relevance to personality. We collaborated with Dr...
  41. GROOMING PREFERENCE & GENDER
    DOUGLAS BOWDEN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..the individual differences using measures found by others to have trait-like qualities of relevance to personality. We collaborated with Dr...
  42. Pathways from Childhood Personality Traits to Midlife Metabolic Syndrome
    Sarah Hampson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..provided by applicant): The objective of this project is to use the unique opportunities offered by the Hawaii Personality and Health Cohort to evaluate hypotheses about the mechanisms by which childhood personality traits influence ..
  43. KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES AND ADULT INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT
    PHILLIP ACKERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..within an integrated framework for adult intellectual development, called PPIK for intelligence-as-Process, Personality, Interests, and intelligence-as-Knowledge...
  44. KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES AND ADULT INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT
    PHILLIP ACKERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..within an integrated framework for adult intellectual development, called PPIK for intelligence-as-Process, Personality, Interests, and intelligence-as-Knowledge...
  45. SCHIZOTYPAL PERSONALITY DISORDER
    Larry Siever; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..characterization of the psychobiologic relationship between schizophrenic and clinically identified schizotypal personality disorder patients thus represents an important step in the definition of the nosologic, genetic, and ..
  46. KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES AND ADULT INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT
    PHILLIP ACKERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..within an integrated framework for adult intellectual development, called PPIK for intelligence-as-Process, Personality, Interests, and intelligence-as-Knowledge...
  47. KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES AND ADULT INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT
    PHILLIP ACKERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..within an integrated framework for adult intellectual development, called PPIK for intelligence-as-Process, Personality, Interests, and intelligence-as-Knowledge...
  48. KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES AND ADULT INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT
    PHILLIP ACKERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..within an integrated framework for adult intellectual development, called PPIK for intelligence-as-Process, Personality, Interests, and intelligence-as-Knowledge...
  49. PSYCHOBIOLOGY OF SUICIDAL BEHAVIOR IN BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER
    Paul H Soloff; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Psychobiology of Suicidal Behavior in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is the first prospective study of clinical, psychosocial and biological risk factors for suicidal behavior in patients with ..
  50. SSRIs and Self-harm in Borderline Personality Disorder
    Michael S McCloskey; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Self-harm is integrally related to depressive disorders and Borderline Personality Disorder...
  51. Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disorders
    GERALDINE A DOWNEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and cope in self-defeating ways, extreme forms of which are captured in Borderline (BPD) and Avoidant (APD) Personality Disorders...
  52. CROSS-CULTURAL PERSONALITY AND EMOTION STRUCTURE
    AUSTIN CHURCH; Fiscal Year: 1991
    Broad objectives include clarification of: (1) the structure of personality and emotion (i.e...
  53. Life-span Evolution of the Capabilities of Rhesus Monkeys
    James J Heckman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..conditions and subsequent life environments play in determining: adult aging, health, socioeconomic outcomes, personality and cognition...
  54. DIMENSIONS OF PERSONALITY IN AFRICAN AMERICAN CHILDREN
    James Victor; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..of this project is the development of a series of instruments that will measure the dimensional structure of personality, temperament, and values of young African-American children from 2 to 12 years of age...
  55. CROSS-CULTURAL PERSONALITY AND EMOTION STRUCTURE
    AUSTIN CHURCH; Fiscal Year: 1992
    Broad objectives include clarification of: (1) the structure of personality and emotion (i.e...
  56. Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disorders
    GERALDINE A DOWNEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and cope in self-defeating ways, extreme forms of which are captured in Borderline (BPD) and Avoidant (APD) Personality Disorders...
  57. Life-span Evolution of the Capabilities of Rhesus Monkeys
    James Heckman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..conditions and subsequent life environments play in determining: adult aging, health, socioeconomic outcomes, personality and cognition...
  58. BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF SCHIZOTYPAL PERSONALITY DISORDER
    ROBERT MC CARLEY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    The biological basis of schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) is of intrinsic interest and also important because it bears closely on the nature of schizophrenia (SZ) and "SZ spectrum disorders"...
  59. Neural Substrates of Emotion in Borderline Patients
    Erin Hazlett; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a persistent and severe mental disorder with high mortality, morbidity and levels of distress...
  60. BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF SCHIZOTYPAL PERSONALITY DISORDER
    ROBERT MC CARLEY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    The biological basis of schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) is of intrinsic interest and also important because it bears closely on the nature of schizophrenia (SZ) and "SZ spectrum disorders"...
  61. Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disorders
    Geraldine Downey; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..and cope in self-defeating ways, extreme forms of which are captured in Borderline (BPD) and Avoidant (APD) Personality Disorders...
  62. BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF SCHIZOTYPAL PERSONALITY DISORDER
    ROBERT MC CARLEY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    The biological basis of schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) is of intrinsic interest and also important because it bears closely on the nature of schizophrenia (SZ) and "SZ spectrum disorders"...
  63. BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF SCHIZOTYPAL PERSONALITY DISORDER
    ROBERT MC CARLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The biological basis of schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) is of intrinsic interest and also important because it bears closely on the nature of schizophrenia (SZ) and "SZ spectrum disorders"...
  64. Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disorders
    Geraldine Downey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and cope in self-defeating ways, extreme forms of which are captured in Borderline (BPD) and Avoidant (APD) Personality Disorders...
  65. Neural Substrates of Emotion in Borderline Patients
    Erin Hazlett; Fiscal Year: 2006
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a persistent and severe mental disorder with high mortality, morbidity and levels of distress...
  66. SEROTONIN & IMPULSIVE AGGRESSION IN PERSONALITY DISORDER
    EMIL COCCARO; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..We propose to examine three indices of central 5-HT function in male and female patients with DSM-III-R personality disorder (PD) and in age and sex matched normal controls...
  67. Multilevel Examination of Adults Personalitiy
    Manfred Diehl; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..This proposal is submitted in response to RFA PA-99-049 NIA: Pilot Research Grant Program, research objective 22. Personality and Experimental Social Psychology: Personality trait-structure- process interactions...
  68. Comparing Alternative Dimensional Approaches to Personality Diagnosis
    Drew Westen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Although personality disorders (PDs) and subthreshold personality pathology are increasingly implicated as diatheses and moderators of treatment response for many Axis I disorders, researchers have identified a number of problems that ..
  69. Comparing Alternative Dimensional Approaches to Personality Diagnosis
    Drew Westen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Although personality disorders (PDs) and subthreshold personality pathology are increasingly implicated as diatheses and moderators of treatment response for many Axis I disorders, researchers have ..
  70. The Classification of Anxiety Disorder
    Timothy Brown; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..and associated instruments of key features of anxiety and mood disorders and measures of core temperament and personality (e.g., negative affect, behavioral inhibition)...
  71. SPOUSAL VIOLENCE AMONG MALE SUBSTANCE ABUSERS
    John Schafer; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..aggression, but is also a risk factor in spousal violence. In addition, neuropsychological status and personality characteristics are associated with spousal violence as well as substance abuse...
  72. The Classification of Anxiety Disorder
    Timothy Brown; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..and associated instruments of key features of anxiety and mood disorders and measures of core temperament and personality (e.g., negative affect, behavioral inhibition)...
  73. The Classification of Anxiety Disorder
    Timothy Brown; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..and associated instruments of key features of anxiety and mood disorders and measures of core temperament and personality (e.g., negative affect, behavioral inhibition)...
  74. The Classification of Anxiety Disorder
    Timothy Brown; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..and associated instruments of key features of anxiety and mood disorders and measures of core temperament and personality (e.g., negative affect, behavioral inhibition)...