Summary: Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Personality, addiction, dopamine: insights from Parkinson's disease
    Alain Dagher
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, QC H3A 2B4, Canada
    Neuron 61:502-10. 2009
  2. ncbi Self-referential processing in our brain--a meta-analysis of imaging studies on the self
    Georg Northoff
    Department of Neurology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuroimage 31:440-57. 2006
  3. ncbi Impact of psychological factors on the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and implications for therapy
    A Rozanski
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Circulation 99:2192-217. 1999
  4. ncbi From mice to men: what can we learn about personality from animal research?
    S D Gosling
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 78712, USA
    Psychol Bull 127:45-86. 2001
  5. pmc Personality influences the neural responses to viewing facial expressions of emotion
    Andrew J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:1684-701. 2011
  6. ncbi Life-history trade-offs favour the evolution of animal personalities
    Max Wolf
    Theoretical Biology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Kerklaan 30, 9751 NN Haren, The Netherlands
    Nature 447:581-4. 2007
  7. ncbi The influence of personality on neural mechanisms of observational fear and reward learning
    Christine I Hooker
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuropsychologia 46:2709-24. 2008
  8. pmc Evolutionary and ecological approaches to the study of personality
    Denis Reale
    Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Montreal, Canada
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:3937-46. 2010
  9. ncbi The happy personality: a meta-analysis of 137 personality traits and subjective well-being
    K M DeNeve
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Baylor University, Waco, Texas 76798 7334, USA
    Psychol Bull 124:197-229. 1998
  10. ncbi Neural reward processing is modulated by approach- and avoidance-related personality traits
    Joe J Simon
    Section of Experimental Psychopathology, Department of Psychiatry, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    Neuroimage 49:1868-74. 2010

Detail Information

Publications299 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Personality, addiction, dopamine: insights from Parkinson's disease
    Alain Dagher
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, QC H3A 2B4, Canada
    Neuron 61:502-10. 2009
    ..This is surprising because PD patients typically have a very low incidence of drug abuse and display a personality type that is the polar opposite of the addictive personality...
  2. ncbi Self-referential processing in our brain--a meta-analysis of imaging studies on the self
    Georg Northoff
    Department of Neurology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuroimage 31:440-57. 2006
    ..We conclude that self-referential processing in CMS constitutes the core of our self and is critical for elaborating experiential feelings of self, uniting several distinct concepts evident in current neuroscience...
  3. ncbi Impact of psychological factors on the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and implications for therapy
    A Rozanski
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Circulation 99:2192-217. 1999
    ..composed largely of data relating CAD risk to 5 specific psychosocial domains: (1) depression, (2) anxiety, (3) personality factors and character traits, (4) social isolation, and (5) chronic life stress...
  4. ncbi From mice to men: what can we learn about personality from animal research?
    S D Gosling
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 78712, USA
    Psychol Bull 127:45-86. 2001
    The author explores the viability of a comparative approach to personality research. A review of the diverse animal-personality literature suggests that (a) most research uses trait constructs, focuses on variation within (vs...
  5. pmc Personality influences the neural responses to viewing facial expressions of emotion
    Andrew J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:1684-701. 2011
    Cognitive research has long been aware of the relationship between individual differences in personality and performance on behavioural tasks...
  6. ncbi Life-history trade-offs favour the evolution of animal personalities
    Max Wolf
    Theoretical Biology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Kerklaan 30, 9751 NN Haren, The Netherlands
    Nature 447:581-4. 2007
    ..Moreover, it explains the common finding that explorative behaviour and risk-related traits like boldness and aggressiveness are common characteristics of animal personalities...
  7. ncbi The influence of personality on neural mechanisms of observational fear and reward learning
    Christine I Hooker
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuropsychologia 46:2709-24. 2008
    ..neutral) learning predicted better recognition of learned objects on a subsequent memory test. Furthermore, personality modulated neural mechanisms of learning...
  8. pmc Evolutionary and ecological approaches to the study of personality
    Denis Reale
    Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Montreal, Canada
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:3937-46. 2010
    This introduction to the themed issue on Evolutionary and ecological approaches to the study of personality provides an overview of conceptual, theoretical and methodological progress in research on animal personalities over the last ..
  9. ncbi The happy personality: a meta-analysis of 137 personality traits and subjective well-being
    K M DeNeve
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Baylor University, Waco, Texas 76798 7334, USA
    Psychol Bull 124:197-229. 1998
    This meta-analysis used 9 literature search strategies to examine 137 distinct personality constructs as correlates of subjective well-being (SWB)...
  10. ncbi Neural reward processing is modulated by approach- and avoidance-related personality traits
    Joe J Simon
    Section of Experimental Psychopathology, Department of Psychiatry, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    Neuroimage 49:1868-74. 2010
    ..neural reward processing previously observed in healthy subjects could reflect inter-individual differences in personality. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate how the neural processing during expectation and reception ..
  11. pmc Testing predictions from personality neuroscience. Brain structure and the big five
    Colin G DeYoung
    University of Minnesota, 75 East River Rd, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:820-8. 2010
    We used a new theory of the biological basis of the Big Five personality traits to generate hypotheses about the association of each trait with the volume of different brain regions...
  12. pmc Recent models for adaptive personality differences: a review
    Niels J Dingemanse
    Department of Behavioural Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Seewiesen, Germany
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:3947-58. 2010
    ..In the main part of the paper we discuss models for personality differences that (i) explain animal personalities as adaptive behavioural responses to differences in state, (..
  13. pmc Delineating the structure of normal and abnormal personality: an integrative hierarchical approach
    Kristian E Markon
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 88:139-57. 2005
    Increasing evidence indicates that normal and abnormal personality can be treated within a single structural framework. However, identification of a single integrated structure of normal and abnormal personality has remained elusive...
  14. pmc Psychiatric comorbidity in patients with chronic daily headache and migraine: a selective overview including personality traits and suicide risk
    Maurizio Pompili
    Department of Psychiatry, Sant Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, 1035 Via di Grottarossa, Rome 00189, Italy
    J Headache Pain 10:283-90. 2009
    ..The increase in self-efficacy and mental health associated with pharmaceutical care may be instrumental in improving the long-term pharmacotherapy of patients with migraine and headache...
  15. ncbi Attentional rubbernecking: cognitive control and personality in emotion-induced blindness
    Steven B Most
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 12:654-61. 2005
    ..effect through attentional strategy, but that the extent of this reduction was related to their level of the personality trait harm avoidance...
  16. ncbi Neurobiology of the structure of personality: dopamine, facilitation of incentive motivation, and extraversion
    R A Depue
    Department of Human Development, Laboratory of Neurobiology of Personality and Emotion, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 22:491-517; discussion 518-69. 1999
    ..Our psychobiological threshold model explains the effects of individual differences in dopamine transmission on behavior, and their relation to personality traits is discussed.
  17. ncbi Behavioural reaction norms: animal personality meets individual plasticity
    Niels J Dingemanse
    Animal Ecology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies and Department of Behavioural Biology, Centre for Behaviour and Neurosciences, University of Groningen, PO Box 14, 9750 AA Haren, The Netherlands
    Trends Ecol Evol 25:81-9. 2010
    ..individual animals differ in their average level of behaviour displayed across a range of contexts (animal 'personality'), and in their responsiveness to environmental variation (plasticity), and that these phenomena can be ..
  18. ncbi Meta-analysis of the association between a serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and anxiety-related personality traits
    Srijan Sen
    Neuroscience Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 127:85-9. 2004
    Anxiety-related personality traits, such as NEO neuroticism and TCI/TPQ harm avoidance, have been shown to have significant genetic components...
  19. ncbi Personality and psychopathology of university students
    Dusica L Tosevski
    Institute of Mental Health, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Palmoticeva 37, Belgrade, Serbia
    Curr Opin Psychiatry 23:48-52. 2010
    ..As all this may lead to psychopathology, the health of university students has been the subject of increasing focus in recent years...
  20. pmc Personality and the emergence of the pace-of-life syndrome concept at the population level
    Denis Reale
    Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec, Montreal, Canada
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:4051-63. 2010
    ..In this paper, we propose that consistent behavioural differences among individuals, or personality, covary with life history and physiological differences at the within-population, interpopulation and ..
  21. ncbi Personality scale validities increase throughout medical school
    Filip Lievens
    Department of Personnel Management and Work and Organizational Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    J Appl Psychol 94:1514-35. 2009
    ..The authors studied the validity of Big Five personality factors and their facets for predicting academic performance in medical school across multiple years, ..
  22. ncbi Influence of latent Toxoplasma infection on human personality, physiology and morphology: pros and cons of the Toxoplasma-human model in studying the manipulation hypothesis
    Jaroslav Flegr
    Faculty of Science, Charles University, Department of Philosophy and History of Science, Prague, Czech Republic
    J Exp Biol 216:127-33. 2013
    ..Toxoplasma-infected subjects differ from uninfected controls in the personality profile estimated with two versions of Cattell's 16PF, Cloninger's TCI and Big Five questionnaires...
  23. pmc Personality predictors of longevity: activity, emotional stability, and conscientiousness
    Antonio Terracciano
    Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, National Institute on Aging, NIH, DHHS, 251 Bayview Blvd, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Psychosom Med 70:621-7. 2008
    To examine the association between personality traits and longevity.
  24. ncbi The mismeasure of morals: antisocial personality traits predict utilitarian responses to moral dilemmas
    Daniel M Bartels
    Columbia University, Uris Hall 502, 3022 Broadway, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Cognition 121:154-61. 2011
    ..passive harm) are committing an error. We report a study in which participants responded to a battery of personality assessments and a set of dilemmas that pit utilitarian and non-utilitarian options against each other...
  25. ncbi Relations between personality and coping: a meta-analysis
    Department of Psychology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 5303, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 93:1080-107. 2007
    b>Personality may directly facilitate or constrain coping, but relations of personality to coping have been inconsistent across studies, suggesting a need for greater attention to methods and samples...
  26. ncbi Reliving emotional personal memories: affective biases linked to personality and sex-related differences
    Ekaterina Denkova
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton
    Emotion 12:515-28. 2012
    ..that the emotional valence and recollective properties of autobiographical memories (AMs) may be influenced by personality- and sex-related differences, overall these relationships remain poorly understood...
  27. pmc Personality and obesity across the adult life span
    Angelina R Sutin
    National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 101:579-92. 2011
    b>Personality traits contribute to health outcomes, in part through their association with major controllable risk factors, such as obesity...
  28. ncbi Amygdala response to happy faces as a function of extraversion
    Turhan Canli
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Science 296:2191. 2002
  29. ncbi Linking "big" personality traits to anxiety, depressive, and substance use disorders: a meta-analysis
    Roman Kotov
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Stony Brook University, Putnam Hall, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:768-821. 2010
    We performed a quantitative review of associations between the higher order personality traits in the Big Three and Big Five models (i.e...
  30. pmc Optimism
    Charles S Carver
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124 0751, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 30:879-89. 2010
    ..In sum, the behavioral patterns of optimists appear to provide models of living for others to learn from...
  31. ncbi Individual differences in emotion processing
    Stephan Hamann
    Department of Psychology, SUNY Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York, NY 11794 2500, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 14:233-8. 2004
    ..Differences in personality, dispositional affect, biological sex, and genotype can all substantially modulate the neural bases of emotion ..
  32. ncbi Attentional modulation of the amygdala varies with personality
    Steven B Most
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Neuroimage 31:934-44. 2006
    ..amygdala activity was modulated by attention, but that the degree of such modulation correlated with the personality variable harm avoidance, associated with trait anxiety...
  33. ncbi Association of the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene and approach-related personality traits: meta-analysis and new data
    Marcus R Munafo
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 63:197-206. 2008
    ..Two variants in the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene have been reported to be associated with human approach-related traits such as novelty seeking and extraversion. However, the strength of evidence for this association remains uncertain...
  34. pmc Exploring the relationship between personality and regional brain volume in healthy aging
    Jonathan Jackson
    Department of Psychology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Neurobiol Aging 32:2162-71. 2011
    ..Recent evidence suggests that personality may be related to neuroanatomical integrity...
  35. ncbi Dog and owner demographic characteristics and dog personality trait associations
    Eniko Kubinyi
    Eotvos University, Department of Ethology, Budapest, Hungary
    Behav Processes 81:392-401. 2009
    The aim of this study was to analyze the relationships between four personality traits (calmness, trainability, dog sociability and boldness) of dogs (Canis familiaris) and dog and owner demographics on a large sample size with 14,004 ..
  36. ncbi Sexual selection and animal personality
    Wiebke Schuett
    Centre for Ecology and Conservation, University of Exeter, Penryn, UK
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 85:217-46. 2010
    ..Functional explanations for personality have been proposed, but as yet, very little consideration has been given to a possible role for sexual ..
  37. pmc Is our self nothing but reward? Neuronal overlap and distinction between reward and personal relevance and its relation to human personality
    Björn Enzi
    Department of Psychiatry, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany
    PLoS ONE 4:e8429. 2009
    ..Although previous research demonstrated a relationship between reward and personal relevance, their exact neuronal relationship including the impact of personality traits remains unclear.
  38. ncbi Personality in nonhuman primates: a review and evaluation of past research
    Hani D Freeman
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 78712, USA
    Am J Primatol 72:653-71. 2010
    Scientific reports of personality in nonhuman primates are now appearing with increasing frequency across a wide range of disciplines, including psychology, anthropology, endocrinology, and zoo management...
  39. ncbi Animal personality: what are behavioural ecologists measuring?
    Alecia J Carter
    The Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 88:465-75. 2013
    The discovery that an individual may be constrained, and even behave sub-optimally, because of its personality type has fundamental implications for understanding individual- to group-level processes...
  40. ncbi Proposed changes in personality and personality disorder assessment and diagnosis for DSM-5 Part I: Description and rationale
    Andrew E Skodol
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Tucson, USA
    Personal Disord 2:4-22. 2011
    A major reconceptualization of personality psychopathology has been proposed for DSM-5 that identifies core impairments in personality functioning, pathological personality traits, and prominent pathological personality types...
  41. ncbi Personality and coping
    Charles S Carver
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33124, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 61:679-704. 2010
    b>Personality psychology addresses views of human nature and individual differences...
  42. ncbi The role of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene in personality and related psychopathological disorders
    Christian Montag
    Department of Psychology, University of Bonn, Germany
    CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets 11:236-50. 2012
    This review provides a short overview of the most significant biologically oriented theories of human personality. Personality concepts of Eysenck, Gray and McNaughton, Cloninger and Panksepp will be introduced and the focal evidence for ..
  43. ncbi Personality changes in bulimia nervosa after a cognitive behaviour therapy
    Zaida Aguera
    CIBER Fisiología de la Obesidad y Nutrición CIBERobn, Instituto Salud Carlos III, Spain
    Eur Eat Disord Rev 20:379-85. 2012
    The goals of this study were to evaluate changes in personality traits in outpatients with bulimia nervosa and specific clinical predictors of such personality changes, after cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT).
  44. ncbi Determinants of endogenous analgesia magnitude in a diffuse noxious inhibitory control (DNIC) paradigm: do conditioning stimulus painfulness, gender and personality variables matter?
    Michal Granot
    Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Studies, University of Haifa, Israel
    Pain 136:142-9. 2008
    ..evaluates in 31 healthy subjects the association between parameters of the conditioning stimulus, gender and personality, and the endogenous analgesia (EA) extent assessed by diffuse noxious inhibitory control (DNIC) paradigm...
  45. ncbi Type D personality as a cardiovascular risk marker in the general population: results from the Gutenberg health study
    M E Beutel
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, Germany
    Psychother Psychosom 81:108-17. 2012
    Type D personality is considered as an independent risk factor for morbidity and mortality in cardiovascular patients and a vulnerability factor for distress in the general population...
  46. ncbi Health-related quality of life in inflammatory bowel disease patients: the role of psychopathology and personality
    Angela Vidal
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, CIBER EHD, Institut Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Barcelona, Spain
    Inflamm Bowel Dis 14:977-83. 2008
    The present study aimed at assessing whether psychological factors, specifically psychopathology and personality, together with clinical and sociodemographic factors, were independent predictors of quality of life (QoL) in patients with ..
  47. pmc Personality is reflected in the brain's intrinsic functional architecture
    Jonathan S Adelstein
    Phyllis Green and Randolph Cōwen Institute for Pediatric Neuroscience at the NYU Child Study Center, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e27633. 2011
    b>Personality describes persistent human behavioral responses to broad classes of environmental stimuli...
  48. pmc Maintenance of genetic variation in human personality: testing evolutionary models by estimating heritability due to common causal variants and investigating the effect of distant inbreeding
    Karin J H Verweij
    Genetic Epidemiology, Molecular Epidemiology, and Queensland Statistical Genetics Laboratories, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Herston 4006, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Evolution 66:3238-51. 2012
    b>Personality traits are basic dimensions of behavioral variation, and twin, family, and adoption studies show that around 30% of the between-individual variation is due to genetic variation...
  49. ncbi Reconsidering the role of personality in placebo effects: dispositional optimism, situational expectations, and the placebo response
    Andrew L Geers
    Department of Psychology, University of Toledo, 2801 West Bancroft Street, Toledo, OH 43606 3390, USA
    J Psychosom Res 58:121-7. 2005
    Prior investigations have failed to find reliable personality differences in placebo responding. The present study tests the hypothesis that personality and situational variables interact to determine placebo responding.
  50. ncbi Discrepancies between self and observer ratings of depression. The relationship to demographic, clinical and personality variables
    M W Enns
    University of Manitoba, Department of Psychiatry, PZ 430 771 Bannatyne Ave, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3E 3N4
    J Affect Disord 60:33-41. 2000
    ..The present study evaluated the ability of demographic, clinical and personality factors to account for the discrepancies observed between BDI and HamD ratings.
  51. pmc Sex modulates the associations between the COMT gene and personality traits
    Chunhui Chen
    State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
    Neuropsychopharmacology 36:1593-8. 2011
    ..Val158Met polymorphisms of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene and individual differences in personality traits...
  52. ncbi Molecular genetics support Gray's personality theory: the interaction of COMT and DRD2 polymorphisms predicts the behavioural approach system
    Martin Reuter
    Centre of Psychobiology and Behavioral Medicine, Department of Psychology, University of Giessen, Germany
    Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 9:155-66. 2006
    ..for Gray's Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST), which is one of the most influential biologically oriented personality theories...
  53. ncbi Self-regulation and personality: how interventions increase regulatory success, and how depletion moderates the effects of traits on behavior
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
    J Pers 74:1773-801. 2006
  54. ncbi Type D personality, cardiac events, and impaired quality of life: a review
    Susanne S Pedersen
    Medical Psychology, Department of Psychology and Health, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 10:241-8. 2003
    ..Although it has become unfashionable to focus on personality factors since research on Type A behaviour yielded inconsistent findings, personality may comprise a major ..
  55. ncbi Job burnout
    C Maslach
    Psychology Department, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 1650, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 52:397-422. 2001
    ..The social focus of burnout, the solid research basis concerning the syndrome, and its specific ties to the work domain make a distinct and valuable contribution to people's health and well-being...
  56. pmc Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for personality
    M H M De Moor
    Department of Biological Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Mol Psychiatry 17:337-49. 2012
    b>Personality can be thought of as a set of characteristics that influence people's thoughts, feelings and behavior across a variety of settings. Variation in personality is predictive of many outcomes in life, including mental health...
  57. ncbi Type D personality among noncardiovascular patient populations: a systematic review
    Floortje Mols
    CoRPS Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic diseases, Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 32:66-72. 2010
    This article reviews all available literature concerning the implications of Type D personality (the conjoint effects of negative affectivity and social inhibition) among patients with noncardiovascular conditions.
  58. ncbi Why can't a man be more like a woman? Sex differences in Big Five personality traits across 55 cultures
    David P Schmitt
    Department of Psychology, Bradley University, Peoria, IL 62625, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 94:168-82. 2008
    Previous research suggested that sex differences in personality traits are larger in prosperous, healthy, and egalitarian cultures in which women have more opportunities equal with those of men...
  59. ncbi Cloninger's temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with major depressive disorder
    Feryal Cam Celikel
    Department of Psychiatry, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, 60100 Tokat, Turkey
    Compr Psychiatry 50:556-61. 2009
    In this present study, we examined the relationship between the Cloninger's dimensional psychobiologic model of personality and depression in an outpatient population with major depressive disorder...
  60. ncbi The five-factor model of personality and borderline personality disorder: a genetic analysis of comorbidity
    Marijn A Distel
    Department of Biological Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychiatry 66:1131-8. 2009
    Recently, the nature of personality disorders and their relationship with normal personality traits has received extensive attention...
  61. ncbi Association between DRD4 gene polymorphism and personality variation in great tits: a test across four wild populations
    Peter Korsten
    Department of Behavioural Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Seewiesen, Germany
    Mol Ecol 19:832-43. 2010
    ..The confirmation of an association between SNP830 genotype and personality-related behaviour in a wild bird population warrants further research into potential fitness effects of the ..
  62. ncbi Treatment adherence in multiple sclerosis: association with emotional status, personality, and cognition
    Jared M Bruce
    Department of Psychology, University of Missouri Kansas City, 4825 Troost Building, Suite 111G, Kansas City, MO 64110, USA
    J Behav Med 33:219-27. 2010
    ..Pharmacological or psychotherapeutic treatment of mood/anxiety disorders, use of scheduled reminders, and/or increased organization and structure may lead to improved treatment adherence in MS...
  63. ncbi Stimulating personality: ethical criteria for deep brain stimulation in psychiatric patients and for enhancement purposes
    Matthis Synofzik
    Department for Neurodegenerative Diseases, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    Biotechnol J 3:1511-20. 2008
    ..To gain normative orientation, the concept of "personality" is not useful--even if a naturalistic notion is employed...
  64. pmc Stress, burnout and doctors' attitudes to work are determined by personality and learning style: a twelve year longitudinal study of UK medical graduates
    I C McManus
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    BMC Med 2:29. 2004
    ..with medicine as a career in doctors aged about thirty are predicted by measures of learning style and personality measured five to twelve years earlier when the doctors were applicants to medical school or were medical ..
  65. ncbi Dopamine D4 receptor (D4DR) exon III polymorphism associated with the human personality trait of Novelty Seeking
    R P Ebstein
    Research Laboratory, S Herzog Memorial Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Nat Genet 12:78-80. 1996
  66. ncbi Correlation of duration of latent Toxoplasma gondii infection with personality changes in women
    J Flegr
    Department of Parasitology, Charles University, Prague, Czech
    Biol Psychol 53:57-68. 2000
    ..In humans latent toxoplasmosis is associated with changes in personality profiles...
  67. ncbi Williams syndrome: cognition, personality, and adaptive behavior
    C B Mervis
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
    Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 6:148-58. 2000
    ..behavioral phenotype for Williams syndrome is characterized by a distinctive cognitive profile and an unusual personality profile...
  68. ncbi Association study of a brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism and personality trait and intelligence in healthy young females
    Shih Jen Tsai
    Department of Psychiatry, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
    Neuropsychobiology 49:13-6. 2004
    ..Further, BDNF has been implicated in the expression of personality traits and in cognitive function...
  69. ncbi Measurement of temperament and character in mood disorders: a model of fundamental states as personality types
    C R Cloninger
    Washington University Department of Psychiatry and the Center for Psychobiology of Personality, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Affect Disord 51:21-32. 1998
    b>Personality assessment may allow reliable measurement of risk of mood disorders.
  70. pmc Facets of personality linked to underweight and overweight
    Antonio Terracciano
    National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA
    Psychosom Med 71:682-9. 2009
    b>Personality traits underlie maladaptive behaviors, and cognitive and emotional disturbances that contribute to major preventable causes of global disease burden...
  71. ncbi Personality factors and medical training: a review of the literature
    Eva M Doherty
    National Surgical Training Centre, The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland
    Med Educ 45:132-40. 2011
    it has been acknowledged that certain personality characteristics influence both medical students' and doctors' performance...
  72. pmc Genetic variants in AVPR1A linked to autism predict amygdala activation and personality traits in healthy humans
    A Meyer-Lindenberg
    Unit for Systems Neuroscience in Psychiatry, National Institute for Mental Health, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Mol Psychiatry 14:968-75. 2009
    ..Our results indicate a neural mechanism mediating genetic risk for autism through an impact on amygdala signalling and provide a rationale for exploring therapeutic strategies aimed at abnormal amygdala function in this disorder...
  73. ncbi Can behavioral and personality traits influence the success of unintentional species introductions?
    David G Chapple
    School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 27:57-64. 2012
    ..In addition, we emphasize how recent advances in understanding of animal personalities and individual-level behavioral variation can help elucidate the mechanisms underlying the success of stowaways...
  74. ncbi DS14: standard assessment of negative affectivity, social inhibition, and Type D personality
    Johan Denollet
    Medical Psychology, Department of Psychology and Health, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Psychosom Med 67:89-97. 2005
    Type D personality-a joint tendency toward negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI)-is related to poor cardiac prognosis, but there is no standard for assessing Type D...
  75. ncbi The evolution of personality variation in humans and other animals
    Daniel Nettle
    University of Newcastle, Newcastle, United Kingdom
    Am Psychol 61:622-31. 2006
    ..The author argues that each of the Big Five dimensions of human personality can be seen as the result of a trade-off between different fitness costs and benefits...
  76. pmc Pilot study of the roles of personality, references, and personal statements in relation to performance over the five years of a medical degree
    Eamonn Ferguson
    School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD
    BMJ 326:429-32. 2003
    To compare the power of three traditional selection procedures (A levels, personal statements, and references) and one non-traditional selection procedure (personality) to predict performance over the five years of a medical degree.
  77. pmc Coping styles and behavioural flexibility: towards underlying mechanisms
    Caroline M Coppens
    Department of Behavioural Physiology, University of Groningen, 9750 AA Haren, The Netherlands
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:4021-8. 2010
    A coping style (also termed behavioural syndrome or personality) is defined as a correlated set of individual behavioural and physiological characteristics that is consistent over time and across situations...
  78. ncbi Individual differences in personality traits reflect structural variance in specific brain regions
    Simona Gardini
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Italy Clinical Neuroscience Centre, University of Hull, United Kingdom
    Brain Res Bull 79:265-70. 2009
    b>Personality dimensions such as novelty seeking (NS), harm avoidance (HA), reward dependence (RD) and persistence (PER) are said to be heritable, stable across time and dependent on genetic and neurobiological factors...
  79. ncbi Distinctive personality characteristics of 8-, 9-, and 10-year-olds with Williams syndrome
    Bonita P Klein-Tasman
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, 53201, USA
    Dev Neuropsychol 23:269-90. 2003
    ..research and clinical observation have indicated that individuals with Williams syndrome have a distinctive personality, an empirically derived personality profile has not been developed...
  80. pmc The impact of anxiety-inducing distraction on cognitive performance: a combined brain imaging and personality investigation
    Ekaterina Denkova
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    PLoS ONE 5:e14150. 2010
    ..We investigated whether activity in the brain regions sensitive to emotional distraction would show dissociable patterns of co-variation with measures indexing individual variations in trait anxiety and cognitive performance...
  81. pmc Reward-learning and the novelty-seeking personality: a between- and within-subjects study of the effects of dopamine agonists on young Parkinson's patients
    Nikoletta Bodi
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
    Brain 132:2385-95. 2009
    ..Reward and punishment processing was assessed by a feedback-based probabilistic classification task. Personality characteristics were measured by the temperament and character inventory...
  82. ncbi Growth-mortality tradeoffs and 'personality traits' in animals
    Judy A Stamps
    University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Ecol Lett 10:355-63. 2007
    Consistent individual differences in boldness, reactivity, aggressiveness, and other 'personality traits' in animals are stable within individuals but vary across individuals, for reasons which are currently obscure...
  83. ncbi A meta-analysis of the association between the serotonin transporter gene polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and trait anxiety
    J A Schinka
    Veteran s Administration Medical Center, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
    Mol Psychiatry 9:197-202. 2004
    ..These findings indicate that 5-HTTLPR may in fact have a small but reliable influence on personality, particularly in the manifestation of trait anxiety when measured with a neuroticism scale based on the five-..
  84. ncbi Inadequate consultation behavior modulates the relationship between type D personality and impaired health status in chronic heart failure
    Aline J Pelle
    CoRPS, Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Int J Cardiol 142:65-71. 2010
    ..risk factors for impaired health outcomes have been acknowledged in chronic heart failure (CHF), with Type D personality being such a risk factor...
  85. ncbi Emotional conflict and neuroticism: personality-dependent activation in the amygdala and subgenual anterior cingulate
    Brian W Haas
    Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA
    Behav Neurosci 121:249-56. 2007
    ..This effect was driven to a greater extent by the anxious relative to the depressive characteristics of neuroticism and may constitute vulnerability markers for anxiety-related disorders...
  86. ncbi Personality and the perception of health and happiness
    C Robert Cloninger
    Dept of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Affect Disord 128:24-32. 2011
    Health is a state of physical, mental, and social well-being. Personality traits measure individual differences in adaptive functioning and mental health, but little is known about how well personality accounts for health's affective ..
  87. ncbi High harm avoidance and low self-directedness in euthymic young adults with recurrent, early-onset depression
    Daniel J Smith
    Division of Psychiatry, School of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Royal Edinburgh Hospital, Morningside Park, Edinburgh EH10 5HF, UK
    J Affect Disord 87:83-9. 2005
    The personality dimensions of harm avoidance (HA) and self-directedness (SD), as measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), have been widely associated with depression and there is preliminary evidence that they may ..
  88. ncbi An fMRI study of personality influences on brain reactivity to emotional stimuli
    T Canli
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, California 94305, USA
    Behav Neurosci 115:33-42. 2001
    ..studies have examined which brain regions respond to emotional stimuli, but they have not determined how stable personality traits moderate such brain activation...
  89. ncbi Long-term health-related quality of life after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: relationship with psychological symptoms and personality characteristics
    J M Anne Visser-Meily
    Department of Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Stroke 40:1526-9. 2009
    ..Physical factors have been identified as determinants of HRQoL. We describe long-term HRQoL and assessed whether psychological symptoms and personality characteristics determine HRQoL after subarachnoid hemorrhage.
  90. pmc Neural basis of interpersonal traits in neurodegenerative diseases
    Marc Sollberger
    Memory and Aging Center, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 1207, USA
    Neuropsychologia 47:2812-27. 2009
    Several functional and structural imaging studies have investigated the neural basis of personality in healthy adults, but human lesions studies are scarce...
  91. ncbi The alternative five-factor model of personality, nicotine dependence and relapse after treatment for smoking cessation
    Gemma Nieva
    Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari Vall d Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
    Addict Behav 36:965-71. 2011
    b>Personality is one of several factors that have been related to the initiation, maintenance and cessation of smoking...
  92. ncbi Reinforcement sensitivity theory and personality
    Philip J Corr
    Department of Psychology, University of Wales Swansea, UK
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 28:317-32. 2004
    A fully fledged neuroscience of personality is beginning to emerge, shaped and guided in large measure by the seminal work of Jeffrey A. Gray over a period of 40 years...
  93. ncbi Co-occurrence of addictive behaviours: personality factors related to substance use, gambling and computer gaming
    Birte Walther
    Institute for Therapy and Health Research, Kiel, Germany
    Eur Addict Res 18:167-74. 2012
    To investigate co-occurrence and shared personality characteristics of problematic computer gaming, problematic gambling and substance use.
  94. ncbi Neuronal correlates of the five factor model (FFM) of human personality: Multimodal imaging in a large healthy sample
    Astrid Bjørnebekk
    Centre for the Study of Human Cognition, Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Norway, PO Box 1094 Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway
    Neuroimage 65:194-208. 2013 neuroimaging techniques have recently provided glimpse into the neurobiology of complex traits of human personality. Whereas some intriguing findings have connected aspects of personality to variations in brain morphology, the ..
  95. ncbi Association between type D personality and prognosis in patients with cardiovascular diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Gesine Grande
    Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, Leipzig University of Applied Sciences, Germany
    Ann Behav Med 43:299-310. 2012
    Since 1995, the association of type D personality and mortality in patients with cardiovascular diseases has been increasingly investigated.
  96. ncbi The CACNA1C and ANK3 risk alleles impact on affective personality traits and startle reactivity but not on cognition or gating in healthy males
    Panos Roussos
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
    Bipolar Disord 13:250-9. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the phenotypic consequences of the risk CACNA1C and ANK3 alleles in a large homogeneous cohort of healthy young males...
  97. ncbi Patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies
    Brent W Roberts
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:1-25. 2006 used meta-analytic techniques (number of samples = 92) to determine the patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course...
  98. ncbi Medial prefrontal cortex subserves diverse forms of self-reflection
    Adrianna C Jenkins
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Soc Neurosci 6:211-8. 2011
    ..However, although humans can contemplate a variety of different aspects of themselves, including their stable personality traits, current feelings, and physical attributes, no research has directly examined the extent to which these ..
  99. ncbi Personality and major depression: a Swedish longitudinal, population-based twin study
    Kenneth S Kendler
    Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Virginia Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:1113-20. 2006
    Prior studies suggest that the personality traits of neuroticism and extroversion may be related to the liability to major depression (MD).
  100. ncbi Personality and social context
    Mike M Webster
    School of Biology, University of St Andrews, Fife, UK
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 86:759-73. 2011
    There has been considerable interest among biologists in the phenomenon of non-human animal personality in recent years...
  101. ncbi Domain and facet personality predictors of all-cause mortality among Medicare patients aged 65 to 100
    Alexander Weiss
    Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 5600 Nathan Shock Drive, Baltimore, MD 21224 6825, USA
    Psychosom Med 67:724-33. 2005
    ..Our objectives were to test whether Conscientiousness, the other 4 domains of the Five-Factor Model, and their facets predicted mortality in older, frail individuals...

Research Grants74

  1. Environmental regulation of estrogen dependent aggression
    Brian C Trainor; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..aggression is a component of mental disorders including bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and borderline personality disorder...
  2. Predictors of sleep-dependent Memory Consolidation in Obstructive Sleep Apnea
    Ina E Djonlagic; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Daytime effects of OSA on cognition have often been attributed to other factors such as personality, psychiatric disorders, and general learning disability or in elderly populations to the effects of aging given ..
  3. Endothelial-reactive antibodies: a diagnostic test for Susac's syndrome
    WILLIAM JAMES WALDMAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..characterized by visual defects, hearing loss, and a variety of brain dysfunctions (headaches, memory loss, personality changes, dementia). In the absence of a diagnostic test the disease is often misdiagnosed...
  4. The Greatest Generation: The NAS-NRC WWII Twin Registry as a Scientific Resource
    Margaret Gatz; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..beginning in the 1960s, education, occupation, earnings, family composition, leisure activities, and personality. For at least 4800 individuals, there are [Army] General Classification Test scores as a measure of cognitive ..
  5. Mechanism and functional role of AKAP79/150 in M current control and excitability
    Mark S Shapiro; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..signaling underlie how the nervous system is regulated, including alterations in emotional state and mood, personality and the acquisition and use of memories...
  6. Frontal Lobe Injury and Executive Control of Cognition and Emotion
    Diane Swick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Alterations in attention, concentration, decision-making, personality, and emotion regulation can affect social functioning and employment...
  7. Synaptic autoimmunity in disorders of memory, behavior, cognition and psychosis
    Josep Dalmau; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..findings have led to the hypothesis that many acute encephalopathies of unknown etiology causing behavioral, personality and memory deficits are likely mediated by antibodies that affect neurotransmitter receptors at cell surface or ..
  8. Cognitive Complaints and Decline and B-Amyloid Deposition in Non-Demented Elderly
    BETH ELLEN SNITZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It will also investigate the role of personality, mood and reporting bias in the measurement of subjective cognitive complaints and their relationship to A[..
  9. Measuring Altered Social Behavior in Neurodegenerative Disease
    Katherine P Rankin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Changes in social behavior and personality are often the first symptoms of a neurodegenerative disorder, and eventually occur in the course of most dementias...
    Harvey Jay Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..medicine, neuropsychology, neuroeconomics, psychophysiology, clinical, developmental, cognitive, experimental, personality and social psychology): and social science (anthropology, economics, sociology, health services research)...
  11. Anorexia Nervosa: Regional Brain Abnormalites and Relationship to Outcome
    LAURIE MAY MCCORMICK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Similarly, personality traits and features have also been linked to AN vulnerability, but the relationship of these traits to outcome ..
  12. Polyvalent siRNA-Gold Nanoparticle Constructs to Eradicate Glioma
    Emily S Day; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..plagued by side effects ranging from minor reactions like nausea and hair loss to extreme complications such as personality changes, loss of physical ability, or cognitive dysfunction...
  13. Placebo Effects in the Treatment of Depression: Cognitive and Neural Mechanisms
    Bret R Rutherford; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..programs in a variety of areas, including anxiety and depressive disorders, eating disorders, schizophrenia, suicide, personality disorders, brain imaging, molecular genetics, developmental neurobiology, and many others.
  14. Predictors of Treatment Response Relapse and Recurrence in Major Depression
    W Edward Craighead; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In view of advances in functional brain imaging, molecular and cellular neurobiology, genetics, and personality disorders and a number of promising findings in small studies, it is propitious to conduct studies to determine ..
  15. Personality and Health Services Use and Expenditures of Older Persons
    Bruce Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If personality is associated with healthcare use and expenditures in later life, then it could be a critical factor in the ..
  16. Resilience and Adjustment after VA Inpatient Rehabilitation for Traumatic Injury
    Scott McDonald; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..It is expected that several personality traits called "resiliency factors" (e.g...
  17. Neural Markers of Individual Difference in Emotion Regulation in Depressed Adults
    Jay C Fournier; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..functional neuroimaging techniques to examine whether depressed patients who differ on specific facets of personality that are strongly associated with differential treatment response also differ in the functioning of specific ..
  18. Defining the epitope in antiNMDA receptor encephalitis
    DAVID ROBINSON LYNCH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Josep Dalmau, we have found that antibodies to the NMDA receptor mediate an immune encephalitis associated with personality and behavioral changes, acute psychosis, and short-term memory deficits...
  19. Perturbed cell signaling network and suicide neurobiology
    Yogesh Dwivedi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..occurs in the context of a diathesis that is characterized by traits in multiple domains: behavioral, clinical, personality, and biologic...
  20. The Role of the DNA Unwinding Element Binding Protein, DUE-B, in DNA Replication
    Michael Leffak; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Remarkably, DUE-B also shows a second personality;the structure of the N-terminal 75% of the protein has been strongly conserved during evolution, and displays ..
  21. Intimate partner violence in newly married couples: The role of illicit drug use.
    Philip H Smith; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g. antisocial personality, hostility) in conjunction with proximal risk factors (e.g...
  22. COMT Genotype and Risky Decision Making in HIV and Methamphetamine Dependence
    Mariana Cherner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Understanding the biologic, neurobehavioral, and personality determinants of risk-taking in the context of METH and HIV can help to explain individual differences in ..
  23. X-linked Genes, Histone Modifications, and Behavior
    Jun Xu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..found in aggressive behavior and related psychological disorders such as conduct disorder and antisocial personality. In mice, aggression is influenced by both steroid hormones and sex chromosomes...
  24. fMRI and Cognition in Adolescent Cannabis Users
    Susan F Tapert; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..All analyses will control for premorbid factors (i.e., family history of substance use disorders and personality), educational involvement (i.e., attendance), and other substance use (i.e...
  25. Genetic Susceptibility to Mercury Toxicity in Children
    James S Woods; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..vulnerable to impairment of the developing central nervous system (CNS) along with attendant cognitive, personality, motor function and behavioral disorders because of genetic predisposition...
  26. Impact of Receptor Polymorphisms on Sensations from Common Oral Irritants
    JOHN EDWARD HAYES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Important covariates include frequency of spicy food intake, personality factors (novelty seeking, and sensation seeking) and underlying differences in the intensity of oral sensations ..
  27. The Moderating Influence of Personality on Cognitive Stimulation Outcomes in Pers
    Nikki L Hill; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..extend scientific knowledge regarding cognition-focused interventions by investigating the moderating effect of personality on a cognition-focused intervention in individuals with dementia at high risk for accelerated cognitive decline...
  28. Refining Borderline Personality Disorder Using Flexible Latent Variable Modeling
    DESCRIPTION (provided by candidate): Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a complex psychiatric disorder associated with subjective misery, poor quality of life, and chronic suicidality, with estimates of suicide completion as high ..
  29. Social Ties and Health: Aggregating Data from Five Viral-Challenge Trials
    Sheldon A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This design allowed the determination of whether variables of interest in a given study (e.g., stress, personality) predicted who developed a clinical cold following viral exposure...
  30. Research Training: Mental Health Behavior Genetics
    John K Hewitt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Using multidisciplinary approaches, the genetic basis of psychopathologies, personality disorders, as well as normal cognition and personality, can be investigated...
  31. Neural Dysfunction of Interoception in Adolescents Diagnosed with Anorexia Nervos
    AMANDA B GRETHE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, in an Exploratory Aim, we propose to examine how clinical, cognitive, and personality/temperament measures might be correlated to either the BOLD response and/or the integrity of frontostriatal ..
  32. Personality-Epidemiologic Research on Inequalities in Longevity
    Benjamin P Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..research program, and is responsive to NIA priorities (PA-11-124, RFA-AG-11-004, PA-09-216, NIA Workgroup on Personality and Healthy Aging) and to calls for action issued by the Institute of Medicine (Committee Report on Genes, ..
  33. Gendered Social Context of Adolescent HIV Risk Behavior in Ghana
    Jeffrey B Bingenheimer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..LCS interviews will include modules on parenting practices, peer influences, religion and religiosity, gendered personality traits, gender role attitudes, life course expectations, and sexual behaviors...
  34. Suicide Epigenetics
    Virginia L Willour; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..picture will only emerge as the interaction of genetic susceptibility variants with other factors, such as personality traits and environmental risk factors, are established...
  35. Neuroimaging and Genetic Study of Inhibited Temperament
    Jennifer Urbano Blackford; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Mood, personality, anxiety and depression will be measured...
  36. Macro Level Stressors, Terrorism, and Drinking Outcomes
    Judith A Richman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..MLS instrument, along with ways of coping which include collective "transformatory" active modes of coping and personality-relevant reactions, will be developed by content analyses of the transcripts from focus groups...
  37. A Follow-up Study of Addictions and Co-Occurring Disorders in Older Adults
    Donald W Black; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..used to assess addictions and co-occurring mental disorders, gambling behavior, functional status, life events, personality, impulsivity, gambling-related cognitions, suicidality, social support, economic loss, and quality of life...
  38. Exploring the Neural Circuitry of Deliberate Self Harm in Adolescents
    KATHRYN REGAN CULLEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This behavior occurs in a wide range of conditions including major depressive disorder (MDD), borderline personality disorder (BPD), anxiety disorders, substance abuse disorders, adjustment disorders and eating disorders...
  39. Distress Tolerance and Adolescent Smoking Cessation
    Laura MacPherson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..will complete assessments of tobacco and other substance use, depressive symptoms, mood, anxiety sensitivity, personality, and nicotine dependence;and four laboratory challenge procedures: (a) mental arithmetic, (b) mirror tracing, (..
  40. Immune System &Genetic Modulation of Brain Development &Behavior in Adolescence
    Consuelo Walss-Bass; Fiscal Year: 2013 events;b) clinical assessment of psychiatric symptoms and disorders;c) dimensional measures of behavior/personality traits including mood, anxiety, impulsivity and hostility;and d) functional and structural neuroimaging...
  41. Course and Outcome of Bipolar Disorder in Youth
    Boris Birmaher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition, two novel aims are proposed in this renewal. First, given overlap between BP and Borderline Personality Disorder and the risk of mistreatment that results from diagnostic error, COBY will prospectively evaluate the ..
  42. A D1 Agonist for Working Memory Enhancement in the Schizophrenia Spectrum
    Larry J Siever; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..full, dopamine-1 receptor (D1R) agonist -- on working memory impairments in patients with schizotypal personality disorder (SPD)...
  43. Reducing alcohol-exposed pregnancy risk
    Karen Ingersoll; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..use, obstetrical/gynecological history, emotional distress, stages and processes of change, self-efficacy, and personality. Participants and therapists will provide process ratings of the behavioral intervention sessions...
  44. Biopsychosocial Factors in Depression and Marriage: Implications for Cancer
    Paula R Pietromonaco; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The model incorporates individual and situational vulnerability factors (attachment, personality variables, life events) as well as biological (HPA activation patterns), cognitive, and behavioral mediating ..
  45. Unemployment in Multiple Sclerosis : The Role of Personality, Coping and Health
    LAUREN BETH STROBER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., demographics, disease variables), as well as person-specific factors (e.g., personality), which have not been extensively investigated but have been purported to significantly contribute to the high ..
  46. Huntington's Disease: Analysis of Proteolysis
    ROBERT NORMAN O'BRIEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This neurodegeneration results in neurocognitive decline, personality changes, chorea (involuntary movement), dementia and death...
  47. Telomere Length as an Outcome in Lifespan Models of Personality and Health
    Sarah E Hampson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The personality trait of Conscientiousness predicts longevity in numerous longitudinal studies: more conscientious people live longer...
  48. The Development of a Therapist Feedback System for MDD in Community Mental Health
    MARY BETH GIBBONS; Fiscal Year: 2012 treatment based on the BASIS-24 as well as important clinical information to guide treatment based on the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI)...
  49. Blunted and Discordant Affect: A Transdiagnostic Construct in Psychopatholog
    Greg J Siegle; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Common treatments for depression, anxiety, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and Borderline personality disorder (BPD), which are typically effective for up to 40-60% of patients, work to reduce high affective ..
  50. Health, Wealth, and Wellbeing over the Life Course and Across Generations
    Vicki A Freedman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., personality, intelligence), with an experiment to identify (and allow researchers to adjust for if necessary) mode effects...
  51. Biobehavioral Characterization of Infant Rhesus Monkeys
    John P Capitanio; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..existence of individual differences in temperament, emotionality, behavioral and physiological reactivity, and personality, which we refer to as biobehavioral organization...
  52. A Longitudinal Study of Adopted Youth and Their Families
    MATTHEW K MCGUE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..anxiety disorders) psychopathology;2) substance use, abuse, and dependence;3) individual-level markers of risk (personality, academic ability and progress);4) family relationships (both parent-offspring and sibling);and 5) other ..
  53. Pain and Well-being in Older Women: The Roles of Activity and Motivation
    Suzanne C Segerstrom; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A third aim will test these relationships controlling for individual differences in personality, genotype, fitness, and pain sensitivity...
  54. Molecular Mechanisms of Social Behavior
    Anna V Kukekova; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and primates in biological complexity, would then offer opportunities to investigate potential therapies for such human disorders as autism, schizophrenia, anxiety, depression, personality disorders, panic disorder and other traits.
  55. Progranulin: Mutation and Regulation in Neurodegenerative disease
    Rosa Rademakers; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of onset compared to Alzheimer's disease (AD), and its dramatic impact on core human qualities including personality, insight and verbal communication...
  56. Integrated Training in Psychobiology and Psychopathology
    Kim Wallen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..influences on, five psychopathologies: anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, developmental disorders, and personality disorders with consideration of relevant animal models...
  57. Stress, Coping, Health, &Optimal Aging
    Carolyn M Aldwin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..allow us to utilize a longitudinal burst design to examine the interplay among chronic stress, daily stress, personality, and biomarkers such as cortisol diurnal rhythms and alpha amylase in older men and women...
    Judith S Brook; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..age of 32, and their partners, to accomplish the following: (1) examine interrelations and interactions of personality (including psychopathology), family, peer, ecological, and cultural factors as they affect the course of ..
    TAMARA G HERSHEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..striatum and hypothalamus), whether individuals'D2-like receptor status is associated with dopamine-linked personality traits and with weight loss...
  60. Presynaptic Mechanisms for Variability in Human Dopamine Function and Impulsivity
    ..Overall, this project utilizes a multi-level (brain chemistry, brain function, personality, cognition, and behavior) analytical approach to discover specific systems-level neurobiological mechanisms ..
  61. The Role of Attention in Self-Regulation
    TRACI L MANN; Fiscal Year: 2012 attentional capacity result in alterations in self-regulatory abilities;(3) investigating situational and personality factors that predispose individuals to the effects of narrowed attention on self-regulation;(4) designing and ..
  62. Polysomnography in Homeopathic Remedy Effects
    Iris Bell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The study will examine the interaction of the remedy effects with two different human personality traits associated with insomnia and overlapping those of persons reported in classical homeopathy to respond ..
    DAVID FUNDER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Judgments of personality are inferences about traits that underlie consistent, coherent patterns of behavior across diverse situations. Such judgments are relevant to mental health from both the clinician's and client's perspective...
  64. Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline Personality
    ULRIKE NONE FESKE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provided by applicant): The overarching goal of this project is to examine the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and a) substance use/substance use disorder and b) sexual risk taking/adverse reproductive ..
  65. Self-concordant goals, self-regulation, and personality
    KENNON SHELDON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..personal goals have been shown to provide routes to positive adaptation, increased mental health, and new personality development...
  66. Age, Affect, Deliberation, and Personality in Choices
    Ellen Peters; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Research is proposed in "Personality, Experimental Social Psychology, and Health Interventions" in which we examine individual differences in affective reactivity and deliberative ability thought to be associated with the effectiveness ..
  67. Pathways from Childhood Personality Traits to Midlife Metabolic Syndrome
    Sarah Hampson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..provided by applicant): The objective of this project is to use the unique opportunities offered by the Hawaii Personality and Health Cohort to evaluate hypotheses about the mechanisms by which childhood personality traits influence ..
    PHILLIP ACKERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..within an integrated framework for adult intellectual development, called PPIK for intelligence-as-Process, Personality, Interests, and intelligence-as-Knowledge...
  69. Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disorders
    GERALDINE A DOWNEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and cope in self-defeating ways, extreme forms of which are captured in Borderline (BPD) and Avoidant (APD) Personality Disorders...
    James Victor; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..of this project is the development of a series of instruments that will measure the dimensional structure of personality, temperament, and values of young African-American children from 2 to 12 years of age...
    ROBERT MC CARLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The biological basis of schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) is of intrinsic interest and also important because it bears closely on the nature of schizophrenia (SZ) and "SZ spectrum disorders"...
  72. Multilevel Examination of Adults Personalitiy
    Manfred Diehl; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..This proposal is submitted in response to RFA PA-99-049 NIA: Pilot Research Grant Program, research objective 22. Personality and Experimental Social Psychology: Personality trait-structure- process interactions...
    John Schafer; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..aggression, but is also a risk factor in spousal violence. In addition, neuropsychological status and personality characteristics are associated with spousal violence as well as substance abuse...