Genomes and Genes
Summary: Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.
Publications223 found, 100 shown here
- DS14: standard assessment of negative affectivity, social inhibition, and Type D personalityJohan Denollet
Medical Psychology, Department of Psychology and Health, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
Psychosom Med 67:89-97. 2005Type D personality-a joint tendency toward negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI)-is related to poor cardiac prognosis, but there is no standard for assessing Type D...
- Personality, addiction, dopamine: insights from Parkinson's diseaseAlain Dagher
Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, QC H3A 2B4, Canada
Neuron 61:502-10. 2009..This is surprising because PD patients typically have a very low incidence of drug abuse and display a personality type that is the polar opposite of the addictive personality...
- Neurobiology of the structure of personality: dopamine, facilitation of incentive motivation, and extraversionR A Depue
Department of Human Development, Laboratory of Neurobiology of Personality and Emotion, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Behav Brain Sci 22:491-517; discussion 518-69. 1999..Our psychobiological threshold model explains the effects of individual differences in dopamine transmission on behavior, and their relation to personality traits is discussed.
- Inadequate consultation behavior modulates the relationship between type D personality and impaired health status in chronic heart failureAline J Pelle
CoRPS, Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Int J Cardiol 142:65-71. 2010..risk factors for impaired health outcomes have been acknowledged in chronic heart failure (CHF), with Type D personality being such a risk factor...
- Distinctive personality characteristics of 8-, 9-, and 10-year-olds with Williams syndromeBonita P Klein-Tasman
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, 53201, USA
Dev Neuropsychol 23:269-90. 2003..research and clinical observation have indicated that individuals with Williams syndrome have a distinctive personality, an empirically derived personality profile has not been developed...
- Testing predictions from personality neuroscience. Brain structure and the big fiveColin G DeYoung
University of Minnesota, 75 East River Rd, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Psychol Sci 21:820-8. 2010We used a new theory of the biological basis of the Big Five personality traits to generate hypotheses about the association of each trait with the volume of different brain regions...
- Why can't a man be more like a woman? Sex differences in Big Five personality traits across 55 culturesDavid P Schmitt
Department of Psychology, Bradley University, Peoria, IL 62625, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 94:168-82. 2008Previous research suggested that sex differences in personality traits are larger in prosperous, healthy, and egalitarian cultures in which women have more opportunities equal with those of men...
- Association between DRD4 gene polymorphism and personality variation in great tits: a test across four wild populationsPeter Korsten
Department of Behavioural Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Seewiesen, Germany
Mol Ecol 19:832-43. 2010..The confirmation of an association between SNP830 genotype and personality-related behaviour in a wild bird population warrants further research into potential fitness effects of the ..
- Cloninger's temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with major depressive disorderFeryal Cam Celikel
Department of Psychiatry, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, 60100 Tokat, Turkey
Compr Psychiatry 50:556-61. 2009In this present study, we examined the relationship between the Cloninger's dimensional psychobiologic model of personality and depression in an outpatient population with major depressive disorder...
- The five-factor model of personality and borderline personality disorder: a genetic analysis of comorbidityMarijn A Distel
Department of Biological Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Biol Psychiatry 66:1131-8. 2009Recently, the nature of personality disorders and their relationship with normal personality traits has received extensive attention...
- Psychiatric comorbidity in patients with chronic daily headache and migraine: a selective overview including personality traits and suicide riskMaurizio Pompili
Department of Psychiatry, Sant Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, 1035 Via di Grottarossa, Rome 00189, Italy
J Headache Pain 10:283-90. 2009..The increase in self-efficacy and mental health associated with pharmaceutical care may be instrumental in improving the long-term pharmacotherapy of patients with migraine and headache...
- Reward-learning and the novelty-seeking personality: a between- and within-subjects study of the effects of dopamine agonists on young Parkinson's patientsNikoletta Bodi
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
Brain 132:2385-95. 2009..Reward and punishment processing was assessed by a feedback-based probabilistic classification task. Personality characteristics were measured by the temperament and character inventory...
- Type D personality among noncardiovascular patient populations: a systematic reviewFloortje Mols
CoRPS Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic diseases, Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
Gen Hosp Psychiatry 32:66-72. 2010This article reviews all available literature concerning the implications of Type D personality (the conjoint effects of negative affectivity and social inhibition) among patients with noncardiovascular conditions.
- Genetic variants in AVPR1A linked to autism predict amygdala activation and personality traits in healthy humansA Meyer-Lindenberg
Unit for Systems Neuroscience in Psychiatry, National Institute for Mental Health, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Mol Psychiatry 14:968-75. 2009..Our results indicate a neural mechanism mediating genetic risk for autism through an impact on amygdala signalling and provide a rationale for exploring therapeutic strategies aimed at abnormal amygdala function in this disorder...
- Domain and facet personality predictors of all-cause mortality among Medicare patients aged 65 to 100Alexander Weiss
Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 5600 Nathan Shock Drive, Baltimore, MD 21224 6825, USA
Psychosom Med 67:724-33. 2005..Our objectives were to test whether Conscientiousness, the other 4 domains of the Five-Factor Model, and their facets predicted mortality in older, frail individuals...
- Stimulating personality: ethical criteria for deep brain stimulation in psychiatric patients and for enhancement purposesMatthis Synofzik
Department for Neurodegenerative Diseases, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
Biotechnol J 3:1511-20. 2008..To gain normative orientation, the concept of "personality" is not useful--even if a naturalistic notion is employed...
- Treatment adherence in multiple sclerosis: association with emotional status, personality, and cognitionJared M Bruce
Department of Psychology, University of Missouri Kansas City, 4825 Troost Building, Suite 111G, Kansas City, MO 64110, USA
J Behav Med 33:219-27. 2010..Pharmacological or psychotherapeutic treatment of mood/anxiety disorders, use of scheduled reminders, and/or increased organization and structure may lead to improved treatment adherence in MS...
- Association study of a brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism and personality trait and intelligence in healthy young femalesShih Jen Tsai
Department of Psychiatry, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
Neuropsychobiology 49:13-6. 2004..Further, BDNF has been implicated in the expression of personality traits and in cognitive function...
- Williams syndrome: cognition, personality, and adaptive behaviorC B Mervis
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 6:148-58. 2000..behavioral phenotype for Williams syndrome is characterized by a distinctive cognitive profile and an unusual personality profile...
- Correlation of duration of latent Toxoplasma gondii infection with personality changes in womenJ Flegr
Department of Parasitology, Charles University, Prague, Czech
Biol Psychol 53:57-68. 2000..In humans latent toxoplasmosis is associated with changes in personality profiles...
- Measurement of temperament and character in mood disorders: a model of fundamental states as personality typesC R Cloninger
Washington University Department of Psychiatry and the Center for Psychobiology of Personality, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
J Affect Disord 51:21-32. 1998b>Personality assessment may allow reliable measurement of risk of mood disorders.
- Neural basis of interpersonal traits in neurodegenerative diseasesMarc Sollberger
Memory and Aging Center, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 1207, USA
Neuropsychologia 47:2812-27. 2009Several functional and structural imaging studies have investigated the neural basis of personality in healthy adults, but human lesions studies are scarce...
- Impact of psychological factors on the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and implications for therapyA Rozanski
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY 10025, USA
Circulation 99:2192-217. 1999..composed largely of data relating CAD risk to 5 specific psychosocial domains: (1) depression, (2) anxiety, (3) personality factors and character traits, (4) social isolation, and (5) chronic life stress...
- Long-term health-related quality of life after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: relationship with psychological symptoms and personality characteristicsJ M Anne Visser-Meily
Department of Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Stroke 40:1526-9. 2009..Physical factors have been identified as determinants of HRQoL. We describe long-term HRQoL and assessed whether psychological symptoms and personality characteristics determine HRQoL after subarachnoid hemorrhage.
- Patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studiesBrent W Roberts
Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
Psychol Bull 132:1-25. 2006..study used meta-analytic techniques (number of samples = 92) to determine the patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course...
- An fMRI study of personality influences on brain reactivity to emotional stimuliT Canli
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, California 94305, USA
Behav Neurosci 115:33-42. 2001..studies have examined which brain regions respond to emotional stimuli, but they have not determined how stable personality traits moderate such brain activation...
- Genetic variation in MAOA modulates ventromedial prefrontal circuitry mediating individual differences in human personalityJ W Buckholtz
Neuroimaging Core Facility, National Institute for Mental Health, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892 1365, USA
Mol Psychiatry 13:313-24. 2008Little is known about neural mechanisms underlying human personality and temperament, despite their considerable importance as highly heritable risk mediators for somatic and psychiatric disorders...
- High harm avoidance and low self-directedness in euthymic young adults with recurrent, early-onset depressionDaniel J Smith
Division of Psychiatry, School of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Royal Edinburgh Hospital, Morningside Park, Edinburgh EH10 5HF, UK
J Affect Disord 87:83-9. 2005The personality dimensions of harm avoidance (HA) and self-directedness (SD), as measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), have been widely associated with depression and there is preliminary evidence that they may ..
- Executive function and decision-making in women with fibromyalgiaAntonio Verdejo-Garcia
Pharmacology Research Unit, Institut Municipal dInvestigació Mèdica, Barcelona, Spain
Arch Clin Neuropsychol 24:113-22. 2009..the relationship between executive function performance and pain experience, and between executive function and personality traits of novelty-seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, and persistence (measured by the Temperament and ..
- Personality, adherence, asthma control and health-related quality of life in young adult asthmaticsM Axelsson
Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, SE 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
Respir Med 103:1033-40. 2009..Several influential factors have been identified, but the importance of personality traits has been insufficiently explored...
- Changes in EEG and autonomic nervous activity during meditation and their association with personality traitsTetsuya Takahashi
Department of Neuropsychiatry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Matsuoka-cho, Fukui 910-1193, Japan
Int J Psychophysiol 55:199-207. 2005..by many as a self-regulatory approach to emotion management, but the psychophysiological properties and personality traits that characterize this meditative state have not been adequately studied...
- Personality traits as risk factors of depression and anxiety among Japanese studentsTomomi Matsudaira
Department of Clinical Behavioural Sciences, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1 1 1 Honjo, Kumamoto, 860 8556, Japan
J Clin Psychol 62:97-109. 2006The aim of this study is to examine the effects of personality (temperament and character) on specific depression and specific anxiety...
- Neural reward processing is modulated by approach- and avoidance-related personality traitsJoe J Simon
Section of Experimental Psychopathology, Department of Psychiatry, University of Heidelberg, Germany
Neuroimage 49:1868-74. 2010..neural reward processing previously observed in healthy subjects could reflect inter-individual differences in personality. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate how the neural processing during expectation and reception ..
- Personality predictors of longevity: activity, emotional stability, and conscientiousnessAntonio Terracciano
Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, National Institute on Aging, NIH, DHHS, 251 Bayview Blvd, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Psychosom Med 70:621-7. 2008To examine the association between personality traits and longevity.
- Personality from a controlled processing perspective: an fMRI study of neuroticism, extraversion, and self-consciousnessNaomi I Eisenberger
Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 1563, USA
Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:169-81. 2005Although neuroticism has been central to most theories of personality, self-reported neuroticism has had limited success in predicting expected behavioral outcomes...
- Type D personality in the general population: a systematic review of health status, mechanisms of disease, and work-related problemsFloortje Mols
CoRPS Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic diseases, Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
Health Qual Life Outcomes 8:9. 2010The objective was to review all available literature concerning Type D (distressed) personality among the general population and to discuss its implications for research on health status, disease-promoting mechanisms and work-related ..
- Type D personality, cardiac events, and impaired quality of life: a reviewSusanne S Pedersen
Medical Psychology, Department of Psychology and Health, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 10:241-8. 2003..Although it has become unfashionable to focus on personality factors since research on Type A behaviour yielded inconsistent findings, personality may comprise a major ..
- Individual differences in emotion processingStephan Hamann
Department of Psychology, SUNY Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York, NY 11794 2500, USA
Curr Opin Neurobiol 14:233-8. 2004..Differences in personality, dispositional affect, biological sex, and genotype can all substantially modulate the neural bases of emotion ..
- Evolution of personality differences in leadershipRufus A Johnstone
Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:8373-8. 2011..These personality types emerge and are maintained by frequency-dependent selection, because leaders gain by imposing their ..
- Intellect as distinct from Openness: differences revealed by fMRI of working memoryColin G DeYoung
Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 97:883-92. 2009Relatively little is known about the neural bases of the Big Five personality trait Openness/Intellect. This trait is composed of 2 related but separable aspects, Openness to Experience and Intellect...
- A new look at the big five factor structure through exploratory structural equation modelingHerbert W Marsh
Department of Education, University of Oxford, Oxford, England
Psychol Assess 22:471-91. 2010NEO instruments are widely used to assess Big Five personality factors, but confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) conducted at the item level do not support their a priori structure due, in part, to the overly restrictive CFA assumptions...
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage treated with clipping: long-term effects on employment, relationships, personality, and moodMarieke J H Wermer
Department of Neurology, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Neurosurgery 60:91-7; discussion 97-8. 2007..Despite this recovery, many of these patients experience psychosocial problems. We assessed the long-term effects of SAH on employment, relationships, personality, and mood.
- Sexual selection and animal personalityWiebke Schuett
Centre for Ecology and Conservation, University of Exeter, Penryn, UK
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 85:217-46. 2010..Functional explanations for personality have been proposed, but as yet, very little consideration has been given to a possible role for sexual ..
- Failure to consult for symptoms of heart failure in patients with a type-D personalityAngelique A Schiffer
Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases, Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Heart 93:814-8. 2007..Patients with a type-D personality, characterised by high social inhibition and negative affectivity, may delay medical consultation despite ..
- Inadequate response to treatment in coronary heart disease : adverse effects of type D personality and younger age on 5-year prognosis and quality of lifeJ Denollet
University Hospital of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
Circulation 102:630-5. 2000..We hypothesized that chronic emotional distress confers an increased risk of poor outcome despite appropriate treatment...
- Emotional conflict and neuroticism: personality-dependent activation in the amygdala and subgenual anterior cingulateBrian W Haas
Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA
Behav Neurosci 121:249-56. 2007..This effect was driven to a greater extent by the anxious relative to the depressive characteristics of neuroticism and may constitute vulnerability markers for anxiety-related disorders...
- Dopamine D4 receptor (D4DR) exon III polymorphism associated with the human personality trait of Novelty SeekingR P Ebstein
Research Laboratory, S. Herzog Memorial Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
Nat Genet 12:78-80. 1996
- Individualism-collectivism and personalityH C Triandis
University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, USA
J Pers 69:907-24. 2001..main findings concerning the relationship between the cultural syndromes of individualism and collectivism and personality. People in collectivist cultures, compared to people in individualist cultures, are likely to define themselves ..
- Life-history trade-offs favour the evolution of animal personalitiesMax Wolf
Theoretical Biology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Kerklaan 30, 9751 NN Haren, The Netherlands
Nature 447:581-4. 2007..Moreover, it explains the common finding that explorative behaviour and risk-related traits like boldness and aggressiveness are common characteristics of animal personalities...
- Personality predicts the brain's response to viewing appetizing foods: the neural basis of a risk factor for overeatingLuca Passamonti
Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, Cambridge CB2 7EF, United Kingdom
J Neurosci 29:43-51. 2009..Differences in the dynamic interactions within the human appetitive network in response to pictures of appetizing foods may determine an individual's risk of obesity...
- Personality and major depression: a Swedish longitudinal, population-based twin studyKenneth S Kendler
Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Virginia Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:1113-20. 2006Prior studies suggest that the personality traits of neuroticism and extroversion may be related to the liability to major depression (MD).
- Type D personality is related to cardiovascular and neuroendocrine reactivity to acute stressMartine E Habra
Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, V6T 1Z4, Vancouver, BC, Canada
J Psychosom Res 55:235-45. 2003The relationship between Type D personality (the joint tendency towards negative affectivity [NA] and social inhibition [SI]) and laboratory indices of cardiovascular health was examined.
- Heritability of cardiovascular and personality traits in 6,148 SardiniansGiuseppe Pilia
Istituto di Neurogenetica e Neurofarmacologia, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Ospedale Microcitemico, Cagliari, Italy
PLoS Genet 2:e132. 2006..Here, we report heritability analyses for 98 quantitative traits, focusing on facets of personality and cardiovascular function...
- Cortical regions for judgments of emotions and personality traits from point-light walkersAndrea S Heberlein
University of Iowa, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 16:1143-58. 2004Humans are able to use nonverbal behavior to make fast, reliable judgments of both emotional states and personality traits...
- Who wants a hearing aid? Personality profiles of hearing aid seekersRobyn M Cox
The Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
Ear Hear 26:12-26. 2005..This study explored the personalities of hearing aid seekers in an attempt to determine whether those who seek hearing aids are systematically different from the general population...
- Personality, mental distress, and subjective health complaints among persons with environmental annoyanceK Osterberg
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University Hospital, SE 22185 Lund, Sweden
Hum Exp Toxicol 26:231-41. 2007..Questionnaires concerning personality traits, current mental distress, subjective health complaints, work load and satisfaction, and options for ..
- Association of the s allele of the 5-HTTLPR with neuroticism-related traits and temperaments in a psychiatrically healthy populationXenia Gonda
Dept of Clinical and Theoretical Mental Health, Kutvolgyi Clinical Centre, Semmelweis University, Kutvolgyi ut 4, 1125, Budapest, Hungary
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 259:106-13. 2009..The aim of our study was to investigate the association of the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism with several smaller, distinct and better characterisable phenomena related to the neuroticism trait...
- Usefulness of Type D personality and kidney dysfunction as predictors of interpatient variability in inflammatory activation in chronic heart failureJohan Denollet
Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic diseases CoRPS, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Am J Cardiol 103:399-404. 2009..We prospectively examined kidney dysfunction and Type D personality (tendency to experience and inhibit emotional distress) as predictors of interpatient variability in these ..
- Personality dimensions in adult male rhesus macaques: prediction of behaviors across time and situationJ P Capitanio
Department of Psychology and California Regional Primate Research Center, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
Am J Primatol 47:299-320. 1999The idea that consistencies in behavior exist over time and across situations underlies human personality research...
- The influence of RhD phenotype on toxoplasmosis- and age-associated changes in personality profile of blood donorsJaroslav Flegr
Biology Section, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Vinicna 7, 128 44 Prague, Czech Republic
Folia Parasitol (Praha) 57:143-50. 2010..Infected human subjects have changes in several of Cattell's and Cloninger's personality factors. Recently, three independent studies have shown that Rh-positive subjects are protected against the T...
- Personality traits, coping style, and perceived threat as predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder after exposure to a terrorist attack: a prospective studySharon Gil
School of Social Work, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Studies, University of Haifa, Israel 31905
Psychosom Med 68:904-9. 2006This prospective study examined the role of pretraumatic personality factors, coping style, proximity to a terrorist attack, and its perceived threat to the survivors in the prediction of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after a ..
- Personality and the perception of health and happinessC Robert Cloninger
Dept of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
J Affect Disord 128:24-32. 2011Health is a state of physical, mental, and social well-being. Personality traits measure individual differences in adaptive functioning and mental health, but little is known about how well personality accounts for health's affective ..
- Personality, stress and coping in intensive care nurses: a descriptive exploratory studyLorraine Burgess
Faculty of Health and Applied Social Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L2 2ER, UK
Nurs Crit Care 15:129-40. 2010The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between personality traits, perception of workplace stress and coping among intensive care unit (ICU) nurses.
- A possible association between the Val158Met polymorphism of the catechol-O-methyl transferase gene and the personality trait of harm avoidance in Japanese healthy subjectsRyota Hashimoto
The Osaka Hamamatsu Joint Research Center for Child Mental Development, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan
Neurosci Lett 428:17-20. 2007..COMT) is an enzyme that degrades various biogenic amines, which have been hypothesized to be associated with personality traits...
- Anxious personality predicts an increased risk of Parkinson's diseaseJames H Bower
Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
Mov Disord 25:2105-13. 2010We studied the association of three personality traits related to neuroticism with the subsequent risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) using a historical cohort study...
- Age differences in personality traits from 10 to 65: Big Five domains and facets in a large cross-sectional sampleChristopher J Soto
Department of Psychology, Colby College, 5550 Mayflower Hill, Waterville, ME 04901, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 100:330-48. 2011Hypotheses about mean-level age differences in the Big Five personality domains, as well as 10 more specific facet traits within those domains, were tested in a very large cross-sectional sample (N = 1,267,218) of children, adolescents, ..
- Conscientiousness predicts disease progression (CD4 number and viral load) in people living with HIVGail Ironson
Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33124 2070, USA
Health Psychol 26:473-80. 2007..The study also examined whether Conscientiousness effects were mediated by adherence, perceived stress, depression, or coping measures...
- Personality and heart diseaseA Steptoe
Heart 93:783-4. 2007
- Personality predicts quality of life six months after the diagnosis and treatment of breast diseaseA F W van der Steeg
Department of Surgery, St Elisabeth Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Ann Surg Oncol 14:678-85. 2007Quality of Life (QoL) is an important outcome measure in oncology. QoL is influenced by personality traits, such as anxiety...
- Integration of multidimensional self-concept and core personality constructs: construct validation and relations to well-being and achievementHerbert W Marsh
SELF Research Centre, University of Western Sydney, Australia
J Pers 74:403-56. 2006Relations between multiple dimensions of self-concept, personality (Big Five), well-being, and academic outcomes (school grades, test scores, coursework selection) for a large (N=4,475) sample of German adolescents support the construct ..
- Type D personality is associated with increased metabolic syndrome prevalence and an unhealthy lifestyle in a cross-sectional Dutch community samplePaula M C Mommersteeg
CoRPS Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic diseases, Dept, of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
BMC Public Health 10:714. 2010People with Type D-Distressed-personality have a general tendency towards increased negative affectivity (NA), while at the same time inhibiting these emotions in social situations (SI)...
- A multiple-indicator multiple-cause model for posttraumatic stress reactions: personality, coping, and maladjustmentMan Cheung Chung
University of Plymouth, School of Psychology, Plymouth, Devon, PL4 8AA, UK
Psychosom Med 67:251-9. 2005..describe the relationship among posttraumatic stress (PTSD) responses, general health problems, death anxiety, personality factors, and coping strategies among community residents exposed to the technological disasters of aircraft and ..
- The heritability of personality is not always 50%: gene-environment interactions and correlations between personality and parentingRobert F Krueger
University of Minnesota Twin Cities, USA
J Pers 76:1485-522. 2008Twin studies of personality are consistent in attributing approximately half of the variance in personality to genetic effects, with the remaining variance attributed to environments that make people within the same families different...
- Personality traits and eating behavior in the obese: poor self-control in emotional and external eating but personality assets in restrained eatingKristina Elfhag
Obesity Unit, M73, Karolinska University Hospital, SE 141 86 Stockholm, Sweden
Eat Behav 9:285-93. 2008b>Personality traits can give a fuller understanding for eating behaviors in obesity...
- Personality, space use and tick load in an introduced population of Siberian chipmunks Tamias sibiricusNelly Boyer
Canada Research Chair in Behavioural Ecology, Groupe de Recherche en Ecologie Comportementale et Animale, Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Quebec H3C 3P8, Canada
J Anim Ecol 79:538-47. 2010..A second path model revealed a lack of either direct or indirect influence of tick loads on chipmunks' personality and trappability. 5...
- Is personality a key predictor of missing study data? An analysis from a randomized controlled trialAnthony Jerant
Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
Ann Fam Med 7:148-56. 2009..We examined whether Five Factor Model (FFM) personality factors-Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness-predicted missing data in a ..
- Increased anxiety in partners of patients with a cardioverter-defibrillator: the role of indication for ICD therapy, shocks, and personalitySusanne S Pedersen
Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 32:184-92. 2009..and depressive symptoms in ICD patients compared to their partners, and (2) the extent to which the partner's personality is a more important determinant of partner distress than patient clinical characteristics, using a prospective ..
- Individual experience and evolutionary history of predation affect expression of heritable variation in fish personality and morphologyNiels J Dingemanse
Animal Ecology Group, Department of Behavioural Biology, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, Centre for Behaviour and Neurosciences, University of Groningen, PO Box 14, 9750 AA Haren, The Netherlands
Proc Biol Sci 276:1285-93. 2009..For a suite of ecologically relevant behavioural ('personality') and morphological traits, we then estimated two key variance components, additive genetic variance (VA) and ..
- Personality and choice of coping predict quality of life in head and neck cancer patients during follow-upAnne K H Aarstad
Department of Surgical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Acta Oncol 47:879-90. 2008The aim of the present study was to investigate to what extent personality and choice of coping predicted self-reported quality of life (QoL) in successfully treated head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients.
- Symptoms, personality traits, and stress in people with mobile phone-related symptoms and electromagnetic hypersensitivityAmanda Johansson
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
J Psychosom Res 68:37-45. 2010....
- Education and smoking: confounding or effect modification by phenotypic personality traits?Benjamin Chapman
Laboratory of Personality and Development, Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, 300 Crittenden, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
Ann Behav Med 38:237-48. 2009Little is known about whether educational gradients in smoking patterns can be explained by financial measures of socioeconomic status (SES) and/or personality traits.
- Personality and health, subjective well-being, and longevityHoward S Friedman
Department of Psychology, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA
J Pers 78:179-216. 2010b>Personality traits can be employed to guide understanding of trajectories to health and longevity, but long-term longitudinal study and multifaceted assessment of healthy aging are crucial...
- The tridimensional personality theory and pain: harm avoidance and reward dependence traits correlate with pain perception in healthy volunteersDorit Pud
Pain Relief Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel
Eur J Pain 8:31-8. 2004The aim of the present study was to examine the possible role of personality traits in determining the variability of pain perception among individuals...
- The do re mi's of everyday life: the structure and personality correlates of music preferencesPeter J Rentfrow
Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 78712, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 84:1236-56. 2003..beliefs about music, the structure underlying music preferences, and the links between music preferences and personality. The data indicated that people consider music an important aspect of their lives and listening to music an ..
- Type D personality and cardiac mortality in patients with chronic heart failureAngelique A Schiffer
Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Int J Cardiol 142:230-5. 2010..Therefore, we examined the prognostic value of Type D personality (tendency to experience negative feelings and inhibit self-expression) in CHF patients.
- Sibutramine treatment in obesity: predictors of weight loss including rorschach personality dataKristina Elfhag
Obesity Unit, M73, Huddinge University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, SE 141 86 Stockholm, Sweden
Obes Res 11:1391-9. 2003To study personality and clinical factors in weight loss by sibutramine (Meridia and Reductil), an anti-obesity drug enhancing satiety.
- Life-management strategies of selection, optimization, and compensation: measurement by self-report and construct validityAlexandra M Freund
Max Planck Institute Center for Psychology and Human Development, Berlin, Germany
J Pers Soc Psychol 82:642-62. 2002..styles, NEO) and evinced positive correlations with measures of well-being which were maintained after other personality and motivational constructs were controlled for...
- Stability and change in personality type membership and anxiety in adolescenceJoyce Akse
Utrecht University, Research Centre Adolescent Development, P O Box 80 140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
J Adolesc 30:813-34. 2007Although the stability and changeability of personality has long been debated, many studies now agree that personality changes over the life course...
- Appearance-based rejection sensitivity: implications for mental and physical health, affect, and motivationLora E Park
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, 14260, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 33:490-504. 2007Appearance-Based Rejection Sensitivity (Appearance-RS) is a personality-processing system characterized by anxious concerns and expectations about being rejected based on one's physical attractiveness...
- Success in chess mediated by mental moldsPedro Hernández Hernández
Faculty of Psychology, University of La Laguna, 38071 Tenerife, Spain
Psicothema 18:704-10. 2006....
- Maladaptive correlates of the failure to forgive self and others: further evidence for a two-component model of forgivenessScott R Ross
Department of Psychology, DePauw University, Greencastle, IN 46135, USA
J Pers Assess 88:158-67. 2007..Furthermore, we examined the relationship of these two components with maladaptive personality characteristics as measured by the Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality (SNAP; Clark, 1993), with ..
- Should persuasion be affective or cognitive? The moderating effects of need for affect and need for cognitionGeoffrey Haddock
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 34:769-78. 2008..Overall, the studies point to the importance of individual differences in need for affect and need for cognition in understanding how individuals respond to different types of persuasive messages...
- Asymmetry in judgments of personality: others are less differentiated than the selfAndrew Beer
Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina Upstate, 221 Smith, 800 University way, Spartanburg, SC 29303, USA
J Pers 76:535-60. 2008Previous evidence suggests that judges rely more heavily on implicit personality theories when they rate relatively unfamiliar others...
- Long-term correlated change in personality traits in old ageMathias Allemand
Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Psychol Aging 23:545-57. 2008The present study examines long-term correlated change in personality traits in old age across a time period of 12 years...
- Negational categorization and intergroup behaviorChen Bo Zhong
University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 34:793-806. 2008..By distinguishing negational identity from affirmational identity, a more complete picture of collective identity and intergroup behavior can start to emerge...
- Health-related hardiness in individuals with chronic illnessesMirella Vasquez Brooks
University of Hawaii at Manoa, Manoa, HI, USA
Clin Nurs Res 17:98-117. 2008..Individuals with higher perception of illness impact were associated with lower self-perception of health status and poorer psychosocial adjustment to illness...
- Relations of organizational and interpersonal boundaries with sources of work motivationJohn E Barbuto
Department of Agricultural Leadership, Education and Communication, University of Nebraska Lincoln, 303C Agricultural Hall, P O Box 830709, Lincoln, NE 68583 0709, USA
Percept Mot Skills 105:1155-8. 2007..11 between followers' mental boundaries and self-concept internal motivation. Other correlations were not significant. More complex models and research designs are required to generalize findings...
- Explicit rejection of an implicit dichotomy: integrating two approaches to assessing dependencyAlex Cogswell
Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
J Pers Assess 90:26-35. 2008The field of personality theory and assessment is characterized by a long-standing divide between proponents of self-report and indirect approaches to assessment...
- What makes a hero? The impact of integrity on admiration and interpersonal judgmentBarry R Schlenker
Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
J Pers 76:323-55. 2008....
- Antagonistic characteristics are positively associated with inflammatory markers independently of trait negative emotionalityAnna L Marsland
Behavioral Immunology Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 3943 O Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Brain Behav Immun 22:753-61. 2008Recent evidence suggests that individuals with certain personality traits are at elevated risk for chronic systemic inflammation. To date, this literature has focused on the related traits of hostility and negative affect (NA)...
- Repressive adaptation in a nonclinical sample: consistent and inconsistent reports of child psychosocial functioning across informantsRic G Steele
Clinical Child Psychology Program, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045 7555, USA
J Pers Assess 90:286-91. 2008..Consistent with Phipps (2005), results question the predominant assumption that the RAS is associated with risk of psychosocial difficulties in children...
- Biopsychosocial Factors in Depression and Marriage: Implications for CancerPaula R Pietromonaco; Fiscal Year: 2010..The model incorporates individual and situational vulnerability factors (attachment, personality variables, life events) as well as biological (HPA activation patterns), cognitive, and behavioral mediating ..
- Biopsychosocial Factors in Depression and Marriage: Implications for CancerPAULA PIETROMONACO; Fiscal Year: 2009..The model incorporates individual and situational vulnerability factors (attachment, personality variables, life events) as well as biological (HPA activation patterns), cognitive, and behavioral mediating ..
- Polysomnography in Homeopathic Remedy EffectsIris Bell; Fiscal Year: 2007..The study will examine the interaction of the remedy effects with two different human personality traits associated with insomnia and overlapping those of persons reported in classical homeopathy to respond ..
- FACTORS AFFECTING THE ACCURACY OF PERSONALITY JUDGEMENTDAVID FUNDER; Fiscal Year: 2002Judgments of personality are inferences about traits that underlie consistent, coherent patterns of behavior across diverse situations. Such judgments are relevant to mental health from both the clinician's and client's perspective...
- Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline PersonalityUlrike Feske; Fiscal Year: 2009The overarching goal of this project is to examine the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and a) substance use/substance use disorder and b) sexual risk taking/adverse reproductive outcomes (STDs/HIV; unplanned ..
- Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline PersonalityULRIKE NONE FESKE; Fiscal Year: 2010The overarching goal of this project is to examine the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and a) substance use/substance use disorder and b) sexual risk taking/adverse reproductive outcomes (STDs/HIV;unplanned ..
- Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline PersonalityUlrike Feske; Fiscal Year: 2007The overarching goal of this project is to examine the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and a) substance use/substance use disorder and b) sexual risk taking/adverse reproductive outcomes (STDs/HIV; unplanned ..
- Self-concordant goals, self-regulation, and personalityKENNON SHELDON; Fiscal Year: 2005..personal goals have been shown to provide routes to positive adaptation, increased mental health, and new personality development...
- GENOTYPE/PHENOTYPE CORRELATIONS IN WILLIAMS SYNDROMECAROLYN MERVIS; Fiscal Year: 1999..complex neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by mild to moderate mental retardation, unique cognitive and personality profiles, infantile hypercalcemia, dysmorphic facial features, and supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS)...
- 5HTT and 5-HT2A Receptors in Impulsive Aggression and Effects of FluoxetineLarry J Siever; Fiscal Year: 2010..are designed to better understand the etiologic role of serotonergic abnormalities in impulsive aggressive personality disordered patients and their prediction of response to and change with fluoxetine...
- Integrating Process and Structure in PersonalityWilliam Fleeson; Fiscal Year: 2007An important debate at the intersection of personality, developmental, and social psychology is whether, because of large variability and situation-responsiveness within each person's behavior, research should focus on individual ..
- Age, Affect, Deliberation, and Personality in ChoicesEllen Peters; Fiscal Year: 2002Research is proposed in "Personality, Experimental Social Psychology, and Health Interventions" in which we examine individual differences in affective reactivity and deliberative ability thought to be associated with the effectiveness ..
- Pathways from Childhood Personality Traits to Midlife Metabolic SyndromeSarah Hampson; Fiscal Year: 2007The objective of this project is to use the unique opportunities offered by the Hawaii Personality and Health Cohort to evaluate hypotheses about the mechanisms by which childhood personality traits influence metabolic health status 40 ..
- KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES AND ADULT INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENTPHILLIP ACKERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006..within an integrated framework for adult intellectual development, called PPIK for intelligence-as-Process, Personality, Interests, and intelligence-as-Knowledge...
- Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disordersGERALDINE A DOWNEY; Fiscal Year: 2010..and cope in self-defeating ways, extreme forms of which are captured in Borderline (BPD) and Avoidant (APD) Personality Disorders...
- SSRIs and Self-harm in Borderline Personality DisorderMichael S McCloskey; Fiscal Year: 2010..Self-harm is integrally related to depressive disorders and Borderline Personality Disorder...
- Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disordersGeraldine Downey; Fiscal Year: 2009..and cope in self-defeating ways, extreme forms of which are captured in Borderline (BPD) and Avoidant (APD) Personality Disorders...
- Life-span Evolution of the Capabilities of Rhesus MonkeysJames Heckman; Fiscal Year: 2009..conditions and subsequent life environments play in determining: adult aging, health, socioeconomic outcomes, personality and cognition...
- Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disordersGERALDINE A DOWNEY; Fiscal Year: 2010..and cope in self-defeating ways, extreme forms of which are captured in Borderline (BPD) and Avoidant (APD) Personality Disorders...
- BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF SCHIZOTYPAL PERSONALITY DISORDERROBERT MC CARLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009The biological basis of schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) is of intrinsic interest and also important because it bears closely on the nature of schizophrenia (SZ) and "SZ spectrum disorders"...
- Life-span Evolution of the Capabilities of Rhesus MonkeysJames J Heckman; Fiscal Year: 2010..conditions and subsequent life environments play in determining: adult aging, health, socioeconomic outcomes, personality and cognition...
- Rejection sensitivity and self-regulation in personality disordersGeraldine Downey; Fiscal Year: 2007
- Neural Substrates of Emotion in Borderline PatientsErin Hazlett; Fiscal Year: 2007Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a persistent and severe mental disorder with high mortality, morbidity and levels of distress...
- BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF SCHIZOTYPAL PERSONALITY DISORDERROBERT MC CARLEY; Fiscal Year: 2007The biological basis of schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) is of intrinsic interest and also important because it bears closely on the nature of schizophrenia (SZ) and "SZ spectrum disorders"...
- Comparing Alternative Dimensional Approaches to Personality DiagnosisDrew Westen; Fiscal Year: 2009Although personality disorders (PDs) and subthreshold personality pathology are increasingly implicated as diatheses and moderators of treatment response for many Axis I disorders, researchers have identified a number of problems that ..
- Comparing Alternative Dimensional Approaches to Personality DiagnosisDrew Westen; Fiscal Year: 2007Although personality disorders (PDs) and subthreshold personality pathology are increasingly implicated as diatheses and moderators of treatment response for many Axis I disorders, researchers have identified a number of problems that ..
- The Classification of Anxiety DisorderTimothy Brown; Fiscal Year: 2006..and associated instruments of key features of anxiety and mood disorders and measures of core temperament and personality (e.g., negative affect, behavioral inhibition)...