Summary: The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Brief communication: Sleep curtailment in healthy young men is associated with decreased leptin levels, elevated ghrelin levels, and increased hunger and appetite
    Karine Spiegel
    University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Ann Intern Med 141:846-50. 2004
  2. ncbi Reproducibility, power and validity of visual analogue scales in assessment of appetite sensations in single test meal studies
    A Flint
    Research Department of Human Nutrition, Center for Food Research, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, DK 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:38-48. 2000
  3. pmc Deconstruction of a neural circuit for hunger
    Deniz Atasoy
    Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 19700 Helix Drive Ashburn, Virginia 20147, USA
    Nature 488:172-7. 2012
  4. ncbi Neural mechanisms associated with food motivation in obese and healthy weight adults
    Laura E Martin
    Hoglund Brain Imaging Center, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:254-60. 2010
  5. ncbi Hunger and satiety in anorexia nervosa: fMRI during cognitive processing of food pictures
    Stephanie Santel
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Magdeburg, Germany
    Brain Res 1114:138-48. 2006
  6. ncbi Eat and run? The hunger/satiation hypothesis in vertical migration: history, evidence and consequences
    Sifford Pearre
    Department of Oceanography, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 3M2
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 78:1-79. 2003
  7. pmc Hunger states switch a flip-flop memory circuit via a synaptic AMPK-dependent positive feedback loop
    Yunlei Yang
    Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 19700 Helix Drive, Ashburn, VA 20147, USA
    Cell 146:992-1003. 2011
  8. ncbi Food insecurity is associated with adverse health outcomes among human infants and toddlers
    John T Cook
    Boston University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, MA, USA
    J Nutr 134:1432-8. 2004
  9. ncbi Glucagon-like peptide-1, peptide YY, hunger, and satiety after gastric bypass surgery in morbidly obese subjects
    Rosa Morínigo
    Obesity Unit, Hospital Clinic Universitari, Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:1735-40. 2006
  10. ncbi Child hunger and long-term adverse consequences for health
    Sharon I Kirkpatrick
    Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, 6130 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:754-62. 2010

Detail Information

Publications344 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Brief communication: Sleep curtailment in healthy young men is associated with decreased leptin levels, elevated ghrelin levels, and increased hunger and appetite
    Karine Spiegel
    University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Ann Intern Med 141:846-50. 2004
    ..Total sleep deprivation in rodents and in humans has been associated with hyperphagia. Over the past 40 years, self-reported sleep duration in the United States has decreased by almost 2 hours...
  2. ncbi Reproducibility, power and validity of visual analogue scales in assessment of appetite sensations in single test meal studies
    A Flint
    Research Department of Human Nutrition, Center for Food Research, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, DK 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:38-48. 2000
    ..To examine reproducibility and validity of visual analogue scales (VAS) for measurement of appetite sensations, with and without a diet standardization prior to the test days...
  3. pmc Deconstruction of a neural circuit for hunger
    Deniz Atasoy
    Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 19700 Helix Drive Ashburn, Virginia 20147, USA
    Nature 488:172-7. 2012
    b>Hunger is a complex behavioural state that elicits intense food seeking and consumption...
  4. ncbi Neural mechanisms associated with food motivation in obese and healthy weight adults
    Laura E Martin
    Hoglund Brain Imaging Center, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:254-60. 2010
    ..measures of disinhibition were negatively correlated with premeal ACC activations and self-report measures of hunger were positively correlated with premeal MPFC activations...
  5. ncbi Hunger and satiety in anorexia nervosa: fMRI during cognitive processing of food pictures
    Stephanie Santel
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Magdeburg, Germany
    Brain Res 1114:138-48. 2006
    ..activations relative to healthy persons, but so far no inferences could be drawn with respect to the influence of hunger or satiety...
  6. ncbi Eat and run? The hunger/satiation hypothesis in vertical migration: history, evidence and consequences
    Sifford Pearre
    Department of Oceanography, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 3M2
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 78:1-79. 2003
    ..mainly gut contents, and reviews the evidence for the hypothesis that such movements are in fact driven by hunger and satiation...
  7. pmc Hunger states switch a flip-flop memory circuit via a synaptic AMPK-dependent positive feedback loop
    Yunlei Yang
    Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 19700 Helix Drive, Ashburn, VA 20147, USA
    Cell 146:992-1003. 2011
    ..Based on these experiments, we propose a memory storage device for physiological state constructed from bistable synapses that are flipped between two sustained activity states by transient exposure to hormones signaling energy levels...
  8. ncbi Food insecurity is associated with adverse health outcomes among human infants and toddlers
    John T Cook
    Boston University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, MA, USA
    J Nutr 134:1432-8. 2004
    ..In this sample, 21.4% of households were food insecure (6.8% with hunger)...
  9. ncbi Glucagon-like peptide-1, peptide YY, hunger, and satiety after gastric bypass surgery in morbidly obese subjects
    Rosa Morínigo
    Obesity Unit, Hospital Clinic Universitari, Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:1735-40. 2006
    ..The mechanisms underlying weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) are not well understood...
  10. ncbi Child hunger and long-term adverse consequences for health
    Sharon I Kirkpatrick
    Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, 6130 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:754-62. 2010
    To examine the effects of hunger, an extreme manifestation of food insecurity, on subsequent health outcomes using data from the Canadian National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY).
  11. ncbi Limitations in anti-obesity drug development: the critical role of hunger-promoting neurons
    Marcelo O Dietrich
    Program in Integrative Cell Signalling and Neurobiology of Metabolism, Section of Comparative Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Nat Rev Drug Discov 11:675-91. 2012
    ..Targeting the molecular pathways that mediate the beneficial effects of calorie restriction and exercise may represent an alternative therapeutic approach for the treatment of chronic metabolic disorders such as obesity...
  12. ncbi The impact of hunger on food cue processing: an event-related brain potential study
    Jessica Stockburger
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
    Neuroimage 47:1819-29. 2009
    ..From the perspective of motivated attention, hunger may induce a heightened state of attention for food stimuli in a processing stage related to stimulus recognition ..
  13. ncbi Food insecurity is positively related to overweight in women
    M S Townsend
    Nutrition Department, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 8669, USA
    J Nutr 131:1738-45. 2001
    ..Given that the rates of both overweight and food insecurity are on the rise, this research area warrants further investigation...
  14. ncbi Beverage viscosity is inversely related to postprandial hunger in humans
    R D Mattes
    Department of Foods and Nutrition, Purdue University, Room 212, 1264 Stone Hall, West Lafayette, IN 47907 1264, USA
    Physiol Behav 74:551-7. 2001
    ..Significantly greater and more prolonged reductions of hunger were observed with the thicker shake...
  15. ncbi Hunger is the best spice: an fMRI study of the effects of attention, hunger and calorie content on food reward processing in the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex
    Nicolette Siep
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Brain Res 198:149-58. 2009
    ..This study shows that hunger interacts with the energy content of foods, modulating activity in the posterior cingulate cortex, medial OFC, ..
  16. ncbi Hedonic hunger: a new dimension of appetite?
    Michael R Lowe
    Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
    Physiol Behav 91:432-9. 2007
    ..This phenomenon is referred to here as "hedonic hunger." Animal literature is reviewed indicating that brain-based homeostatic and hedonic eating motives overlap but are ..
  17. ncbi Plasma ghrelin levels and hunger scores in humans initiating meals voluntarily without time- and food-related cues
    D E Cummings
    Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology, and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington 98108, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 287:E297-304. 2004
    ..Samples were drawn every 5 min between a scheduled lunch and a freely requested dinner, and hunger scores were obtained using visual analog scales...
  18. pmc Food insufficiency is associated with high-risk sexual behavior among women in Botswana and Swaziland
    Sheri D Weiser
    Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 4:1589-97; discussion 1598. 2007
    ..We tested the hypothesis that food insufficiency is associated with HIV transmission behavior...
  19. ncbi Hunger, waiting time and transport costs: time to confront challenges to ART adherence in Africa
    A P Hardon
    University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam School for Social Science Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    AIDS Care 19:658-65. 2007
    ..Side effects and hunger in the initial treatment phase are an added concern...
  20. ncbi An adapted version of the U.S. Department of Agriculture Food Insecurity module is a valid tool for assessing household food insecurity in Campinas, Brazil
    Rafael Perez-Escamilla
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 4017, USA
    J Nutr 134:1923-8. 2004
    ..Thus, Brazil now has a household food insecurity instrument that can be used to set national goals, to follow progress, and to evaluate its national hunger and poverty eradication programs.
  21. ncbi Processing of food pictures: influence of hunger, gender and calorie content
    Sabine Frank
    MEG Center, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    Brain Res 1350:159-66. 2010
    ..Even though an implicit task was used, activation differences could also be observed in the orbitofrontal cortex, known to be activated during explicit stimulation with food related stimuli...
  22. ncbi Obese children show hyperactivation to food pictures in brain networks linked to motivation, reward and cognitive control
    A S Bruce
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Hoglund Brain Imaging Center, The University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 34:1494-500. 2010
    ..To investigate the neural mechanisms of food motivation in children and adolescents, and examine brain activation differences between healthy weight (HW) and obese participants...
  23. ncbi Effects of a high-protein ketogenic diet on hunger, appetite, and weight loss in obese men feeding ad libitum
    Alexandra M Johnstone
    Division of Obesity and Metabolic Health and Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:44-55. 2008
    Altering the macronutrient composition of the diet influences hunger and satiety. Studies have compared high- and low-protein diets, but there are few data on carbohydrate content and ketosis on motivation to eat and ad libitum intake.
  24. pmc Leptin and hunger levels in young healthy adults after one night of sleep loss
    Slobodanka Pejovic
    Sleep Research and Treatment Center, Department of Psychiatry, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA 17033, USA
    J Sleep Res 19:552-8. 2010
    ..adults has been shown to be associated with decreased leptin levels, impaired insulin sensitivity, and increased hunger and appetite...
  25. ncbi Acute stress and food-related reward activation in the brain during food choice during eating in the absence of hunger
    J M Born
    Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, Maastricht 6200MD, The Netherlands
    Int J Obes (Lond) 34:172-81. 2010
    Stress results in eating in the absence of hunger, possibly related to food reward perception.
  26. pmc Relation of reward from food intake and anticipated food intake to obesity: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study
    Eric Stice
    Oregon Research Institute, 1715 Franklin Boulevard, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 117:924-35. 2008
  27. pmc Cortical activation in response to pure taste stimuli during the physiological states of hunger and satiety
    Lori Haase
    San Diego State University, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA 92120 4913, USA
    Neuroimage 44:1008-21. 2009
    ..Group analyses showed significant differences in activation in the hunger minus satiety condition in response to sucrose, caffeine, saccharin, and citric acid within the thalamus, ..
  28. ncbi Ecology. Soil fertility and hunger in Africa
    Pedro A Sanchez
    International Center for Research in Agroforestry, Post Office Box 30677, Nairobi, Kenya
    Science 295:2019-20. 2002
  29. ncbi Fast glucocorticoid feedback favors 'the munchies'
    Mary F Dallman
    Department of Physiology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0444, USA
    Trends Endocrinol Metab 14:394-6. 2003
    ..Similar findings in other hypothalamic neurons suggest that this action of GCs might be common in the brain, and could, in part, explain rapid GC effects on food intake...
  30. ncbi Both longer oral sensory exposure to and higher intensity of saltiness decrease ad libitum food intake in healthy normal-weight men
    Dieuwerke P Bolhuis
    Product Design and Quality Management Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    J Nutr 141:2242-8. 2011
    ..05). Longer orosensory exposure and higher saltiness intensity both decreased food intake, although orosensory exposure had more impact than intensity. Prolonging the orosensory exposure per food unit may be helpful to reduce food intake...
  31. pmc Poverty, hunger, education, and residential status impact survival in HIV
    James McMahon
    Department of Medicine, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:1503-11. 2011
    ..Age, transmission category, education, albumin, CD4 counts, VL, hunger, and poverty predicted death in univariate analyses; age, CD4 counts, albumin, VL, and poverty in the ..
  32. ncbi 'Expected satiety' changes hunger and fullness in the inter-meal interval
    Jeffrey M Brunstrom
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 12a Priory Road, Bristol BS8 1TU, United Kingdom
    Appetite 56:310-5. 2011
    ..Moreover, and consistent with our hypothesis, participants reported significantly less hunger and significantly greater fullness in the large-portion condition...
  33. ncbi Adolescent toothbrushing and the home environment: sociodemographic factors, family relationships and mealtime routines and disorganisation
    Kate A Levin
    Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 38:10-8. 2010
    ..The current study examines variables related to the family, including mealtime routines and family relationships to determine the best predictors of adolescent toothbrushing...
  34. ncbi Children are aware of food insecurity and take responsibility for managing food resources
    Maryah Stella Fram
    College of Social Work, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    J Nutr 141:1114-9. 2011
    ..The new, child-derived understanding of what children experience that results from this study provides a critical basis from which to build effective approaches to identify, assess, and respond to children suffering from food insecurity...
  35. ncbi Short-term consumption of sucralose, a nonnutritive sweetener, is similar to water with regard to select markers of hunger signaling and short-term glucose homeostasis in women
    Andrew W Brown
    Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Molecular Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA
    Nutr Res 31:882-8. 2011 water but different from sucrose and sucrose combined with sucralose on subjective and hormonal indications of hunger and short-term glucose homeostasis. Eight female volunteers (body mass index, 22.16 ± 1.71 kg/m(2); age, 21...
  36. ncbi All I saw was the cake. Hunger effects on attentional capture by visual food cues
    Richard M Piech
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, PMB 407817, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    Appetite 54:579-82. 2010
    While effects of hunger on motivation and food reward value are well-established, far less is known about the effects of hunger on cognitive processes...
  37. pmc Greater corticolimbic activation to high-calorie food cues after eating in obese vs. normal-weight adults
    Anastasia Dimitropoulos
    Department of Psychological Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, 11220 Bellflower Road, Mather Memorial Rm 109, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
    Appetite 58:303-12. 2012
    ..Moreover, food cues did not elicit similar brain response after eating in the NW group suggesting that neural activity in response to food cues diminishes with reduced hunger for these individuals.
  38. ncbi The symptoms of resource scarcity: judgments of food and finances influence preferences for potential partners
    Leif D Nelson
    Leonard N Stern School of Business, New York University, NY, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:167-73. 2005
    ..We discuss these findings in terms of how patterns of cross-cultural norms may be evinced at the individual level through an implicit psychological mechanism...
  39. ncbi Does hunger influence judgments of female physical attractiveness?
    Viren Swami
    Department of Psychology, University College of London, UK
    Br J Psychol 97:353-63. 2006
    ..These findings corroborate those of Nelson and Morrison (2005) and are discussed in terms of how cultural contexts shape individual psychological experience as predicted by the theory of mutual constitution...
  40. ncbi Attention to metabolic hunger and its effects on Helicobacter pylori infection
    M Ciampolini
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Florence, 50132, Florence, Italy
    Physiol Behav 70:287-96. 2000
    ..Humans may be trained to recognize metabolic feelings of hunger that are associated with a steady and slightly lower glycemia than baseline, between 4.7 and 3...
  41. ncbi Food security and nutritional outcomes of preschool-age Mexican-American children
    Lucia L Kaiser
    Department of Nutrition, University of California at Davis, 95616, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 102:924-9. 2002
    ..To examine the relationship of food insecurity to nutrition of Mexican-American preschoolers...
  42. pmc Does hunger and satiety drive eating anymore? Increasing eating occasions and decreasing time between eating occasions in the United States
    Barry M Popkin
    Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, 123 West Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:1342-7. 2010
    ..The design of dietary, metabolic, and intervention studies should reflect the meal patterning of free-living individuals, but this design has not been systematically reviewed recently...
  43. pmc Neural correlates of appetite and hunger-related evaluative judgments
    Richard M Piech
    School of Psychology, Bangor University, Bangor, UK
    PLoS ONE 4:e6581. 2009
    ..on both the constituent foods and how hungry we are, though not every meal becomes more desirable with increasing hunger. The brain therefore needs to be able to integrate hunger and meal properties to compute the correct incentive ..
  44. ncbi Starving for life: what animal studies can and cannot tell us about the use of caloric restriction to prolong human lifespan
    John R Speakman
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, Scotland, UK
    J Nutr 137:1078-86. 2007
    ..Measurements of animal responses when they cease restriction indicate that prolonged CR does not diminish hunger, even though the animals may have been in long-term energy balance...
  45. ncbi Postprandial responses in hunger and satiety are associated with the rs9939609 single nucleotide polymorphism in FTO
    Marcel den Hoed
    Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:1426-32. 2009
    ..The common rs9939609 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene is associated with adiposity, possibly by affecting satiety responsiveness...
  46. ncbi How palatable food disrupts appetite regulation
    Charlotte Erlanson-Albertsson
    Section of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden
    Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 97:61-73. 2005
    Appetite regulation is part of a feedback system that controls the energy balance, involving a complex interplay of hunger and satiety signals, produced in the hypothalamus as well as in peripheral organs...
  47. ncbi Household food insecurity with hunger is associated with women's food intakes, health and household circumstances
    V S Tarasuk
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E2 Canada
    J Nutr 131:2670-6. 2001
    This study investigated food intake patterns and contextual factors related to household food insecurity with hunger among a sample of 153 women in families seeking charitable food assistance in Toronto...
  48. pmc The effect of fruit in different forms on energy intake and satiety at a meal
    Julie E Flood-Obbagy
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 226 Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Appetite 52:416-22. 2009
    ..Adding naturally occurring levels of fiber to juice did not enhance satiety. These results suggest that solid fruit affects satiety more than pureed fruit or juice, and that eating fruit at the start of a meal can reduce energy intake...
  49. ncbi Psychometric properties and factor structure of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) in obese men and women. Results from the Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study
    J Karlsson
    Health Care Research Unit, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, University of Goteborg, Sweden
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:1715-25. 2000
    ..To evaluate the construct validity of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) in obese men and women...
  50. ncbi Food insufficiency and women's mental health: findings from a 3-year panel of welfare recipients
    Colleen M Heflin
    Martin School of Public Policy, University of Kentucky, 429 POT, Lexington, KY 40503, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:1971-82. 2005
  51. ncbi Sensitivity of ad libitum meals to detect changes in hunger. Restricted-item or multi-item testmeals in the design of preload appetite studies
    Katy R Wiessing
    Human Nutrition Unit, University of Auckland, 18 Carrick Place, Mount Eden, Auckland, New Zealand
    Appetite 58:1076-82. 2012 determine whether restricted single-item or multi-item testmeals are better able to detect prior changes in hunger and fullness when assessing ad libitum eating behaviour. Thirty male participants were given a low- (L(E), 0...
  52. ncbi Neural correlates of the volitional regulation of the desire for food
    M Hollmann
    Department of Neurology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstrasse 1a, Leipzig, Germany
    Int J Obes (Lond) 36:648-55. 2012
    ..Further, we examine associations between hemodynamic responses and participants' cognitive restraint of eating (CRE), as well as their susceptibility to uncontrolled eating...
  53. ncbi Resting metabolic rate is associated with hunger, self-determined meal size, and daily energy intake and may represent a marker for appetite
    Phillipa Caudwell
    Institute of Psychological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 97:7-14. 2013
    ..However, the relation has never been established, and it is not known why certain people experience hunger in the presence of large amounts of body energy.
  54. ncbi Socioeconomic gradient in body size and obesity among women: the role of dietary restraint, disinhibition and hunger in the Whitehall II study
    J Dykes
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, London, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:262-8. 2004
    To examine the associations between three psychological eating behaviour variables--restraint, hunger and disinhibition--and body weight and size, and to assess their explanatory power for the employment grade gradients in body measurement...
  55. ncbi Effects on hunger and satiety, perceived portion size and pleasantness of taste of varying the portion size of foods: a brief review of selected studies
    Tanja V E Kral
    Weight and Eating Disorders Program, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3535 Market Street, 3rd Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Appetite 46:103-5. 2006
    ..g. learning, social norms, monetary considerations), and post-ingestive consequences (e.g. sensations of hunger and fullness) related to the portion size of foods may interact to affect the amount of food that is consumed ..
  56. ncbi Poverty, household food insecurity and nutrition: coping strategies in an informal settlement in the Vaal Triangle, South Africa
    Wilna H Oldewage-Theron
    Institute of Sustainable Livelihoods, Vaal University of Technology, Private Bag X021, Vanderbijlpark, 1900, South Africa
    Public Health 120:795-804. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to determine household food security and coping strategies of an informal settlement in the Vaal Triangle...
  57. pmc Food insecurity is associated with acculturation and social networks in Puerto Rican households
    Rajanigandha Dhokarh
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
    J Nutr Educ Behav 43:288-94. 2011
    ..To examine whether acculturation and social networks influence household food insecurity in an inner-city Puerto Rican community...
  58. ncbi A single night of sleep deprivation increases ghrelin levels and feelings of hunger in normal-weight healthy men
    Sebastian M Schmid
    Department of Internal Medicine I, University of Luebeck, Luebeck, Germany
    J Sleep Res 17:331-4. 2008
    ..recently been shown to decrease circulating leptin levels and to increase ghrelin levels, as well as self-reported hunger. We hypothesized that similar endocrine alterations occur even after a single night of sleep restriction...
  59. pmc Children's reporting of food insecurity in predominately food insecure households in Texas border colonias
    Courtney C Nalty
    Program for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, MS 1266, College Station, Texas, TX 77843 1266, USA
    Nutr J 12:15. 2013
    ..Greater than one-quarter of all Hispanic households in the U.S. are food insecure. Hispanic families in the U.S. comprise 30% of households with food insecurity at the child level, the most severe form of the condition...
  60. pmc Food insecurity is associated with hypoglycemia and poor diabetes self-management in a low-income sample with diabetes
    Hilary K Seligman
    University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94142, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 21:1227-33. 2010
    ..2, p=.007). Mean hemoglobin A1c was 9.2% among FI and 7.7% among FS participants (p=.08). Food insecurity is a barrier to diabetes self-management and a risk factor for clinically significant hypoglycemia...
  61. ncbi Psychometric properties of a modified US-household food security survey module in Campinas, Brazil
    H R Melgar-Quinonez
    Department of Human Nutrition, The Ohio State University, 1787 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 62:665-73. 2008
    ..To assess the internal validity of a multiple-item measure of household food security in Brazil using statistical methods based on the single-parameter logistic (Rasch) measurement model...
  62. ncbi Associative learning and the control of human dietary behavior
    Jeffrey M Brunstrom
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 12a Priory Road, Bristol, BS8 1TU, UK
    Appetite 49:268-71. 2007
    ..Emphasis is placed on recent research exploring individual differences and the importance or otherwise of hunger and contingency awareness...
  63. ncbi Microanalysis of eating behavior of three leptin deficient adults treated with leptin therapy
    Donald A Williamson
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Appetite 45:75-80. 2005 three leptin deficient adults was to provide a microanalysis of changes in eating behavior and ratings of hunger and satiety...
  64. ncbi Food security and child hunger among recently resettled Liberian refugees and asylum seekers: a pilot study
    Craig Hadley
    Population Studies and Training Center, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    J Immigr Minor Health 8:369-75. 2006
    ..were to evaluate the usefulness and feasibility of methods to assess the prevalence of food insecurity and child hunger, and to examine associations between child hunger and measures of socio-economic status and measures of ..
  65. ncbi Effects of NUTRIOSE® dietary fiber supplementation on body weight, body composition, energy intake, and hunger in overweight men
    Laetitia Guerin-Deremaux
    Roquette Freres, Biology and Nutrition Department, Lestrem, France
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 62:628-35. 2011
    ..the effectiveness of a soluble dietary fiber, NUTRIOSE(®), on body weight, body composition, energy intake and hunger in overweight Chinese men...
  66. ncbi Bounding the effects of food insecurity on children's health outcomes
    Craig Gundersen
    University of Illinois, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Health Econ 28:971-83. 2009
    ..Our work suggests that previous research has more likely underestimated than overestimated the causal impacts of food insecurity on health...
  67. pmc The internal circadian clock increases hunger and appetite in the evening independent of food intake and other behaviors
    Frank A J L Scheer
    Medical Chronobiology Program, Division of Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 21:421-3. 2013
    ..We assessed whether this paradox could be explained by an endogenous circadian influence on appetite with a morning trough, while controlling for sleep/wake and fasting/feeding effects...
  68. pmc Food insufficiency, family income, and health in US preschool and school-aged children
    K Alaimo
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:781-6. 2001
    ..This study investigated associations between family income, food insufficiency, and health among US preschool and school-aged children...
  69. pmc Diet, breakfast, and academic performance in children
    R E Kleinman
    Massachusetts General Hospital, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition and Harvard Medical School, Department of Pediatrics, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Ann Nutr Metab 46:24-30. 2002
    ..To determine whether nutrient intake and academic and psychosocial functioning improve after the start of a universal-free school breakfast program (USBP)...
  70. ncbi Hunger, eating, and ill health
    J P Pinel
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Am Psychol 55:1105-16. 2000 eat too much and suffer ill health as a result--a finding that is incompatible with the widely held view that hunger and eating are compensatory processes that function to maintain the body's energy resources at a set point...
  71. pmc Cost-benefit analysis potential in feeding behavior of a predatory snail by integration of hunger, taste, and pain
    R Gillette
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Illinois, 524 Burrill Hall, 407 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:3585-90. 2000
    b>Hunger/satiation state interacts with appetitive and noxious stimuli to determine feeding and avoidance responses...
  72. ncbi "Are you done?" Child care providers' verbal communication at mealtimes that reinforce or hinder children's internal cues of hunger and satiation
    Samantha A Ramsay
    Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, University of Idaho, Coeur d Alene, ID 83814, USA
    J Nutr Educ Behav 42:265-70. 2010
    To explore the verbal communication of child care providers regarding preschool children's internal and non-internal hunger and satiation cues.
  73. pmc Two forces for arousal: Pitting hunger versus circadian influences and identifying neurons responsible for changes in behavioral arousal
    Ana C Ribeiro
    Laboratory of Neurobiology and Behavior, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:20078-83. 2007
    ..01). Because the activation of VMH neurons coincides with the earliest signs of behavioral arousal preceding a change in meal time, we infer that VMH activation is involved in the increased arousal in anticipation of food...
  74. ncbi Prevalance and associations of food insecurity in children with diabetes mellitus
    Stacey Marjerrison
    Department of Pediatrics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    J Pediatr 158:607-11. 2011
  75. ncbi Children live, feel, and respond to experiences of food insecurity that compromise their development and weight status in peri-urban Venezuela
    Jennifer Bernal
    Departamento de Procesos Biológicos y Bioquímicos, Universidad Simon Bolivar, Caracas, Venezuela, Mexico
    J Nutr 142:1343-9. 2012
    ..Children should have certain access to food that is dignified, timely, efficient, and adequate in harmonious social conditions to prevent and resolve situations that compromise their physical, cognitive, and socio-emotional well-being...
  76. ncbi Social capital is associated with decreased risk of hunger
    Katie S Martin
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, 06269 4017, USA
    Soc Sci Med 58:2645-54. 2004
    ..Household food security and hunger were measured using the US Household Food Security Module...
  77. ncbi The endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol controls odor sensitivity in larvae of Xenopus laevis
    Esther Breunig
    Department of Neurophysiology and Cellular Biophysics, University of Gottingen, 37073 Gottingen, Germany
    J Neurosci 30:8965-73. 2010
    ..Its production in the latter depends on the hunger state of the animal...
  78. pmc Gender bias in the food insecurity experience of Ethiopian adolescents
    Craig Hadley
    Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 66:427-38. 2008
    ..We also show that adolescent food insecurity is strongly associated with measures of general health and well-being...
  79. ncbi A solid high-protein meal evokes stronger hunger suppression than a liquefied high-protein meal
    Mieke J I Martens
    NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre MUMC, Department of Human Biology, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:522-7. 2011
    b>Hunger is a potential problem for compliance with an energy-restricted diet...
  80. ncbi Moving beyond hunger and nutrition: a systematic review of the evidence linking food insecurity and mental health in developing countries
    Lesley Jo Weaver
    Department of Anthropology and Hubert Department of Global Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Ecol Food Nutr 48:263-84. 2009
    ..Gaps in the literature, implications, and research priorities are discussed...
  81. ncbi Poverty, food insecurity, and nutritional outcomes in children and adults
    Jayanta Bhattacharya
    Stanford Medical School, Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford, CA, USA
    J Health Econ 23:839-62. 2004
    ..These results suggest that researchers should be cautious about assuming connections between food insecurity and nutritional outcomes, particularly among children...
  82. pmc Learning to overeat: maternal use of restrictive feeding practices promotes girls' eating in the absence of hunger
    Leann L Birch
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:215-20. 2003
    ..Experimental findings causally link restrictive child-feeding practices to overeating in children. However, longitudinal data are needed to determine the extent to which restrictive feeding practices promote overeating...
  83. ncbi The prevalence and perceived health consequences of hunger in emergency department patient populations
    Michelle H Biros
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Hennepin County Medical Center, 701 Park Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55415, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 12:310-7. 2005
    b>Hunger is associated with chronic poor health and may force patients to make choices that acutely impact their health...
  84. ncbi Influence of whole grain barley, whole grain wheat, and refined rice-based foods on short-term satiety and energy intake
    Natalia Schroeder
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108 1038, USA
    Appetite 53:363-9. 2009
    ..Energy intake was measured at the lunch using plate waste. Hunger, fullness, desire to eat, amount of food consumed, and thirst were assessed using a modified Visual Analog Scale (..
  85. ncbi Development and validity of a 2-item screen to identify families at risk for food insecurity
    Erin R Hager
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Pediatrics 126:e26-32. 2010
    ..To develop a brief screen to identify families at risk for food insecurity (FI) and to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and convergent validity of the screen...
  86. pmc Food insecurity and sexual risk in an HIV endemic community in Uganda
    Cari L Miller
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada
    AIDS Behav 15:1512-9. 2011
    ..and address broader gender-based inequities that are propelling women to engage in risky sexual behaviors based on hunger. Such interventions will play an important role in improving the health and well-being of people living with HIV/..
  87. ncbi Hunger does not diminish over time in mice under protracted caloric restriction
    Catherine Hambly
    Aberdeen Centre for Energy Regulation and Obesity ACERO, Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Rejuvenation Res 10:533-42. 2007
    ..The feasibility of such prolonged restriction may hinge on whether hunger diminishes with the time period spent restricted...
  88. ncbi Influence of resistance and aerobic exercise on hunger, circulating levels of acylated ghrelin, and peptide YY in healthy males
    David R Broom
    Department of Medicine, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough Univ, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 296:R29-35. 2009
    ..We investigated the effects of resistance and aerobic exercise on hunger and circulating levels of the gut hormones acylated ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY)...
  89. ncbi Cachexia in MAC16 adenocarcinoma: suppression of hunger despite normal regulation of leptin, insulin and hypothalamic neuropeptide Y
    C Bing
    Diabetes and Endocrinology Research Group, Department of Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    J Neurochem 79:1004-12. 2001
    Weight loss normally stimulates hunger, through mechanisms that include falls in circulating leptin and insulin, leading to stimulation of hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY)...
  90. ncbi Low family income and food insufficiency in relation to overweight in US children: is there a paradox?
    K Alaimo
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 155:1161-7. 2001
  91. pmc Effect of rye bread breakfasts on subjective hunger and satiety: a randomized controlled trial
    Hanna Isaksson
    Department of Food Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
    Nutr J 8:39. 2009
    Several studies report that dietary fibre from different sources promotes the feeling of satiety and suppresses hunger. However, results for cereal fibre from rye are essentially lacking...
  92. ncbi Ghrelin increases hunger and food intake in patients with restricting-type anorexia nervosa: a pilot study
    Mari Hotta
    Health Services Center, National Graduate Institute For Policy Studies, Tokyo, Japan
    Endocr J 56:1119-28. 2009
    Ghrelin increases hunger sensation and food intake in various patients with appetite loss...
  93. ncbi Hunger in young children of Mexican immigrant families
    Margaret Kersey
    Department of Pediatrics, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN 55415, USA
    Public Health Nutr 10:390-5. 2007
    To measure rates of hunger and food insecurity among young US-born Latino children with Mexican immigrant parents (Latinos) compared with a non-immigrant non-Latino population (non-Latinos) in a low-income clinic population.
  94. ncbi Snacks consumed in a nonhungry state have poor satiating efficiency: influence of snack composition on substrate utilization and hunger
    Corinne Marmonier
    Laboratoire de Physiologie du Comportement Alimentaire, Ecole Patrique des Hautes Etudes, Bobigny, France
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:518-28. 2002
    ..Several epidemiologic studies suggest that snacking may play an etiologic role in obesity...
  95. ncbi Stress augments food 'wanting' and energy intake in visceral overweight subjects in the absence of hunger
    Sofie G Lemmens
    Top Institute Food and Nutrition, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Physiol Behav 103:157-63. 2011
    Stress may induce eating in the absence of hunger, possibly involving changes in food reward, i.e. 'liking' and 'wanting'...
  96. ncbi Neuroimaging and obesity: mapping the brain responses to hunger and satiation in humans using positron emission tomography
    Angelo Del Parigi
    Clinical Diabetes and Nutrition Section, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Phoenix, Arizona 85016, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 967:389-97. 2002
    ..Using positron emission tomography (PET), we generated functional brain maps of the neuroanatomical correlates of hunger (after a 36-h fast) and satiation (after oral administration of a liquid formula meal) in lean and obese subjects...
  97. ncbi Hunger: its impact on children's health and mental health
    Linda Weinreb
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health Pediatrics, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Pediatrics 110:e41. 2002
    b>Hunger, with its adverse consequences for children, continues to be an important national problem...
  98. ncbi The effects of a low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet and a low-fat diet on mood, hunger, and other self-reported symptoms
    F Joseph McClernon
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Suite 210 B Wing, 2200 West Main Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:182-7. 2007
    ..To investigate the effects of weight loss diets on mood, food cravings, and other self-reported symptoms...
  99. ncbi Loxiglumide, a CCK-A receptor antagonist, stimulates calorie intake and hunger feelings in humans
    C Beglinger
    Department of Research, Division of Gastroenterology, University Hospital, CH-4031 Basel, Switzerland
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 280:R1149-54. 2001
    ..004), increase in calorie intake. Fluid ingestion was not affected by Lox. Subjects experienced more hunger and delayed fullness during Lox infusion than during saline infusion (P < 0.05)...
  100. ncbi Portion size of food affects energy intake in normal-weight and overweight men and women
    Barbara J Rolls
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 6501, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:1207-13. 2002
    ..Large portions of food may contribute to excess energy intake and greater obesity. However, data on the effects of portion size on food intake in adults are limited...
  101. ncbi Hedonic hunger is increased in severely obese patients and is reduced after gastric bypass surgery
    Bernd Schultes
    Interdisciplinary Obesity Center, Kantonsspital St Gallen, Rorschach, Switzerland
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:277-83. 2010
    Overeating as a pathogenetic hallmark of obesity may be promoted by an increase in hedonic hunger, ie, the drive to eat palatable foods in the absence of energy need...

Research Grants69

  1. The gastric X/A-like (ghrelin) cell: A peripheral regulator of food intake
    NILS WG LAMBRECHT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This enables the X/A-like cell to signal both hunger and satiety. The release of ghrelin and nesfatin-1/NUCB2 must be independently controlled...
  2. Ghrelin: Behavioral, Anatomical, and Physiological Components of Obesity
    BRETT JOHN WARREN TEUBNER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This research will focus on the endogenous stomach-released 'hunger peptide', ghrelin, that is secreted in direct proportion to the last time food was eaten...
  3. Neural Functioning of Feeding Centers in Obese Youth
    ROBERT STANLEY SHERWIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In contrast, little investigation has been done in adolescents to understand the neural circuitry underlying hunger and satiation...
  4. Maternal nutrient restriction and nonhuman primate fetal skeletal muscle developm
    Min Du; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..1 percent of US households (12 million households) experienced either food insecurity or hunger. Clearly in spite of its low profile, nutrient restriction is an important and growing problem that affects the ..
    CLAIRE L MURPHY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2006). Clear elucidation of age-related changes in brain response to appetitive stimuli, during hunger and satiety, may suggest interventions to modulate food intake, obesity in middle aged and frailty in older adults...
  6. Neuroendocrine Response to Gastric Bypass in Nonhuman Primates
    Randy J Seeley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In contrast to restrictive diets, surgery-induced weight loss is associated with decreased hunger and hedonic drive to eat, increased satiety, and in rodent models at least, increased diet-induced thermogenesis...
  7. Novel High Affinity and Long-Acting Bovine FSH Analogs for Veterinary Superovulat
    BRUCE DALE WEINTRAUB; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The current international market for superovulation is about $20 million per year but because of worldwide hunger, population growth and demand it has been predicted that this total market may exceed $200 million in the next ..
  8. AREA: Rapamycin, ambient temperature, and longevity
    Steven J Swoap; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..well characterized and is intimately involved with regulation of growth and energy balance - both expenditure and hunger. Signaling pathways impacted by caloric restriction converge on the same pathways that regulate, and are regulated ..
    Larry W Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the basic drives and emotions keeping individuals alive and assuring survival of the species associated with hunger and thirst, defensive (fight or flight) behavior, reproductive (sexual and parental) behavior, and the sleep/wake ..
  10. Novel interventions to reduce stress induced non-homeostatic eating
    Barbara A Laraia; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..2);Mindfulness and Diet (MIND) aimed to reduce stress and improve awareness of hunger-satiety cues and automatic eating patterns through mindfulness and mindful eating...
  11. Regulation of Brain Signaling After Bariatric Surgery
    Jonathan Q Purnell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..They will also complete measures of body composition, visual analog scores for hunger and satiety, and adlibitum food intake...
  12. Drosophila feeding behavior: New tools for the genetic dissection of prandiology
    William W Ja; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Because of the lack of precise tools for measuring fly food consumption, the analysis of hunger, satiety, and the timing of meals has been neglected, despite the possible role played by prandial habits in the ..
  13. Do Genotype Patterns Predict Weight Loss Success for Low Carb vs. Low Fat Diets?
    Christopher D Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2013 0, 3, 6, and 12 months and include energy intake (3-day unannounced 24-hour recalls, NDS-R), appetite/satiety/hunger, energy expenditure (resting energy expenditure), body composition (DEXA), and blood variables (lipids, insulin, ..
  14. The Impact of Microfinance on Health: Experimental Evidence from India
    Rohini Pande; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..most existing evidence on health outcomes relies on subjective health measures such as self-reported health and hunger. While a handful of other studies have explored how microfinance may impact health, ours will be the first to ..
  15. Epigenetic regulation of metabolism in Drosophila
    Carl S Thummel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Epidemiological studies of adults born during the Dutch Hunger Winter of 1944, along with other more correlative studies, have demonstrated that similar inherited effects on ..
  16. Metabolic and Immunologic Effects of Meditation
    Frederick M Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..CALMM aims to decrease adverse stress responses, improve sensitivity to hunger satiety cues, and develop mindful eating practices...
  17. Peptidergic Control of Appetitive Ingestive Behaviors
    TIMOTHY JON BARTNESS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The most potent stimulator of FH is hunger exacerbating 'normal'food purchases by humans or foraged/hoarded food by rodents...
  18. Neural Encoding of Internal Motivational States and Goal-Directed Actions
    ALAINA CATHERINE CASE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..of individual neurons and subpopulations in key brain regions is modulated by the organism's state of hunger or thirst...
  19. Reduced Carbohydrate Diet Intervention for PCOS
    Barbara A Gower; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Further, the lower GL diet will increase satiety and decrease hunger, effects mediated via gut hormones...
  20. Gustatory Control of Sodium Appetite
    Ralph Norgren; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Sodium appetite fulfills all of the criteria for motivation, as do hunger and thirst, but has some distinct advantages...
  21. Leptin in Human Energy and Neuroendocrine Homeostasis
    Rudolph L Leibel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..results in reduced energy expenditure due primarily to increased skeletal muscle work efficiency and increased hunger that act coordinately to promote restoration of body energy stores...
  22. Satiety signaling in Caenorhabditis elegans
    Leon Avery; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Just as in mammals, C elegans appetite is promoted by hunger signals and suppressed by satiety signals...
  23. Pathways Linking Reduced Sleep Duration and Quality to Obesity Risk
    Esra Tasali; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..sleep results in altered glucose regulation, decreased leptin levels, increased ghrelin levels, and increased hunger and appetite, suggesting an increased risk of weight gain...
  24. The GE PETtrace Cyclotron: A Scientific Resource for the State of Arizona
    Eric M Reiman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It made major contributions to the study of memory, consciousness, emotion, temperature and pain sensation, hunger, satiation, taste and the predisposition to obesity, the role of PET in clinical oncology, the role of brain-..
  25. Comparison of two guided self-help treatments for binge eating disorder
    Athena Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., hunger, sleep deprivation), interpersonal conflict, and, when possible, unpleasant external events...
  26. Obesity Genes, Energy Regulation in Response to Weight-Loss Diets
    Lu Qi; Fiscal Year: 2013 intake and energy expenditure, including: 1) psychiatric measures for food craving, fullness, and hunger;2) energy expenditure (resting metabolic rate [RMR] and total energy expenditure [TEE]);3) biochemical markers of ..
  27. Study of Energy Homeostasis in a Genetic Model System
    Roger D Cone; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The recent discovery of the adipostatic hormone leptin (1994), and the putative hunger factor ghrelin (1999) underscore the early stage of the discovery process in this field...
  28. Mechanisms of drug side effects related to obesity and diabetes
    CHRISTOPHER JOHN LYNCH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..effects are preceded by causal changes in intermediary and lipid metabolism that drive the insulin resistance, hunger, adiposity and obesity-comorbidities...
  29. Tailored nutrition and food security interventions in comprehensive HIV care
    LOUISE CATHERINE IVERS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..factor is that in developing countries over 800 million people are chronically undernourished and the epidemics of hunger and HIV overlap...
  30. Science and Community: Partnering to prevent early childhood obesity
    Rebecca E Lee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..3-1), providing meals and snacks as part of a daily routine and reinforcing children's internal cues of hunger and fullness (Recommendation 4-4) and providing guidance, training and educating those working with young children ..
    Robert B Banzett; Fiscal Year: 2013 from our lab) have shown that the response in individual subjects ranges from profound relief of air hunger to no response...
  32. Roles of Drosophila NPY-and Insulin-like Activities in Food Response
    Ping Shen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..that Drosophila neuropeptide F (NPF), the fly homologue of mammalian NPY, plays an important role in regulating hunger-driven foraging and feeding behaviors...
  33. Circadian Timing, Sleep, and Adiposity
    Kelly Glazer Baron; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Short sleep duration and poor sleep quality have been shown to affect metabolism and the hormones that regulate hunger and satiety...
  34. The Role of Bile Acids in Surgically-induced Weight Loss
    NADIA NAZIR AHMAD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..As a remarkably effective weight loss surgery that works via neurohumoral pathways to dramatically alter hunger, satiety, and energy balance, RYGB offers a unique opportunity to understand the pathophysiology of obesity...
  35. Feeding Styles and Responsiveness in Mothers with Eating Disorders
    ELIZABETH RUTH HOFFMAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..An important component of early feeding is maternal responsiveness. Increased maternal responsiveness to child hunger and fullness cues is associated with the development of greater self-regulation of eating in childhood and ..
  36. The Role Of Interoceptive Awareness In Affect And Related Mental Faculties
    IAN ROBERT KLECKNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., discomfort from an argument at work can be mistaken as discomfort of hunger, and can lead to overeating)...
  37. Molecular and Cellular Basis for the Efficacy of Bariatric Surgery
    David H Wasserman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..changes in gut-brain signaling resulting from the Roux-en-Y and gastric sleeve procedures alter satiety, hunger, food preferences, and glucose homeostasis prior to the achievement of significant weight loss...
  38. Ghrelin's Role in Mood
    Jeffrey M Zigman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..As such, ghrelin levels rise not only in association with hunger and fasting, thus leading to stimulation of food intake and conservation of energy stores, but also upon chronic ..
  39. Impact of Calorie Restriction on Thymopoiesis in Humans
    Vishwa Deep Dixit; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We have recently identified that, ghrelin;a hunger-inducing hormone that is upregulated during CR enhances the TCR diversity via promoting the generation of naive T ..
  40. The Neural Bases of Pathological Food Perception and Choice in Major Depression
    William Kyle Simmons; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..instruction in advanced statistical modeling, and in the neurobiology of feeding, including metabolic signaling of hunger and satiety...
  41. Neurobiology of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa
    Walter H Kaye; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..restricted eating and weight loss occurs in AN because feeding elicits diminished insula homeostatic response to hunger, whereas overeating in BN is related to exaggerated hunger signal...
  42. Genetic Analysis of Nematode Egg Laying and Co-regulated Behavioral Systems
    H Robert Horvitz; Fiscal Year: 2013 many aspects of human physiology, including reproduction, growth, metabolism, sleep and memory as well as in the assumption of one of two alternative behavioral states, such as hunger-satiety, sleep-wakefulness and monogamy-polygamy.
  43. Eating Disorders in Type 1 Diabetes: Mechanisms of Comorbidity
    Rhonda M Merwin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Among healthy, non-diabetic populations, eating is largely regulated by the experience of hunger and satiety...
  44. Preventing Obesity through Intervention during Infancy
    Ian M Paul; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..As such, the intervention will teach first-time parents a) to recognize infant hunger and satiety cues and use feeding more selectively in response only to hunger, b) to use alternative soothing ..
  45. Impact of diet composition during infancy on energy balance, satiety and growth
    ..of satiation and satiety (active GLP-1 and ghrelin, respectively) and various measures of acceptance and hunger will be assessed (Secondary Aim 1)...
  46. Nuclear Reprogramming and Phenotype in Cloned Embryos
    Keith E Latham; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of this technology in such areas as propagation of valuable livestock to enhance food supply and address global hunger, propagation of animals for the production of valuable biopharmaceuticals, endangered species preservation, and ..
  47. Forebrain circuits and control of feeding behavior by learned cues
    Gorica D Petrovich; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..learned cues, can override homeostatic signals to stimulate eating in sated states, or inhibit eating in states of hunger. The long-term goal of the proposed research is to define the functional organization of the underlying neural ..
  48. Early Childhood Obesity Prevention: Building Healthier Families and Communities
    Amy A Gorin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..breastfeeding and introduction of solids), parenting skills (establishing routines around sleep, reading cues for hunger, satiety, TV time) and family wellness (improving the home food environment, enhancing physical activity)...
  49. Mechanisms of Fatty Acid Control of Feeding Behavior
    W SUE RITTER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2 examines the possibility that MA stimulates feeding in part by altering secretion of gut hormones that influence hunger and satiety, including MA's possible interaction with GPR40 and 120 in these effects...
    Leon Avery; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This behavior is plastic, in that it is modified by past experience and hunger. (2) We have worked out a molecular pathway that is induced by starvation, and that leads to changed feeding ..
  51. Image-guided Bariatric Arterial Embolization (BAE) for the Treatment of Obesity
    CLIFFORD RAABE WEISS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A potent endogenous hunger stimulant, ghrelin, which is principally produced in the gastric fundus, has been a target for weight loss...
  52. Ghrelin and Reward
    Jeffrey M Zigman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..For instance, ghrelin levels rise in association with hunger and fasting...
  53. Biological Signals of Weight Loss in African-American Women
    CARY R contact SAVAGE; Fiscal Year: 2010 visual food cues in obese and healthy weight individuals, and are positively correlated with reports of hunger in obese participants...
  54. Improving High School Breakfast Environments
    Marilyn S Nanney; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of strategies that expand and promote the SBP is a priority among national sponsors of school meals and anti-hunger advocates...
  55. Dietary and Endocrine Regulation of Sleep
    Alex C Keene; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Additionally, this proposal seeks to determine the mechanisms whereby insulin and AKH signaling control hunger-induced sleep suppression and whether this occurs through long-term changes in nutrient stores or acute regulation ..
  56. Gastroparesis Consortium Continuation and New Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Studiies
    Kenneth L Koch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and contractile properties of the stomach and, b) the release of gut hormones which control insulin secretions and hunger and satiety (GLP-1, GIP, ghrelin, VIP and NPY) in a differential manner over time...
  57. Temporal Coding and Palatability in Gustatory Cortex
    Donald B Katz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., hunger)...
  58. Cortisol and Eating Behavior in Low-Income Preschool-Aged Children
    Julie C Lumeng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..will demonstrate a higher prevalence of food-related tantrums, emotional eating, and eating in the absence of hunger compared to children with the typical diurnal pattern...
  59. Temporal Mechanisms Associating Depression and Obesity in Girls
    Jennifer B Hillman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed pilot study will carefully evaluate neuroendocrine factors (i.e., hunger/satiety hormones, stress response, metabolic factors), maladaptive thoughts (i.e...
  60. Secondary Analysis of Four Trichiasis Surgery Clinical Trials to Inform Managemen
    Emily W Gower; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition, this project is aligned with the United Nations'Millennium Development Goals, which focuses on reducing poverty, hunger, and disease.
  61. Drosophila: Metabolic modulation of olfactory circuit function/ feeding behavior
    Jing W Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In particular, hunger modulates feeding behavior in most animals to maintain energy homeostasis...
  62. Influence of Food Insecurity on Adherence
    Seth C Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2013 with HIV in US inner-cities, with as many as 43% not having sufficient food and experiencing intermittent hunger. Food insecurity has demonstrated direct associations with ART adherence including predicting non-adherence over ..
    Linda Craighead; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..intervention, Appetite Awareness Training (AAT), is designed to train clients to become more aware of moderate hunger and satiety cues and to teach them to shift control over regulation of eating to these cues...
  64. Neural Mechanisms of Overeating in Prader-Willi Syndrome
    Anastasia Dimitropoulos; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..caused not only by abnormal satiety response but also by abnormally heightened responses to rewarding food during hunger and after attempted satiation...
  65. Primary Prevention of Weight Gain for Women Aged 25-45
    Walter Willett; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..response was associated with beans and it has been suggested that the consumption of low-GI diets may: 1) decrease hunger/ increase satiation; 2) reduce lipogenesis...
  66. Psychobiology of IV Naloxone & Lactate in Normals
    Donald Klein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Measures of panic symptoms, air hunger, respiratory and cardiac variables will be analyzed...
    LARRY SWANSON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..the basic drives that keep individual animals alive and assure perpetuation of the species associated with hunger and thirst, defensive behavior, reproductive behavior, and the sleep/wake cycle...
    Katherine Halmi; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Food consumption and perception of hunger and satiety will be studied offering subjects single-item or multi-item meals composed of normal foods with ..
  69. Forebrain Response to Sapid NaCI During Salt Appetite
    Samantha Dayawansa; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Salt appetite also has all the features of other complex motivations such as hunger, thirst etc...