Genomes and Genes
Summary: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.
Publications315 found, 100 shown here
- Individual differences in non-verbal number acuity correlate with maths achievementJustin Halberda
Johns Hopkins University, Ames Hall, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
Nature 455:665-8. 2008..that these individual differences in the present correlate with children's past scores on standardized maths achievement tests, extending all the way back to kindergarten...
- Cross-national patterns of gender differences in mathematics: a meta-analysisNicole M Else-Quest
Villanova University, Department of Psychology, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085, USA
Psychol Bull 136:103-27. 2010A gender gap in mathematics achievement persists in some nations but not in others...
- Preschool executive functioning abilities predict early mathematics achievementCaron A C Clark
Canterbury Child Development Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, NewZealand
Dev Psychol 46:1176-91. 2010..However, the utility and specificity of preschool executive function abilities in predicting later mathematical achievement are poorly understood...
- Cognitive predictors of achievement growth in mathematics: a 5-year longitudinal studyDavid C Geary
University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211 2500, USA
Dev Psychol 47:1539-52. 2011The study's goal was to identify the beginning of 1st grade quantitative competencies that predict mathematics achievement start point and growth through 5th grade...
- Predicting arithmetical achievement from neuro-psychological performance: a longitudinal studyM Fayol
LAPSCO CNRS Univerité Blaise Pascal, Clermont Ferrand, France
Cognition 68:B63-70. 1998....
- Iron deficiency and cognitive achievement among school-aged children and adolescents in the United StatesJ S Halterman
Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY, USA
Pediatrics 107:1381-6. 2001Iron deficiency anemia in infants can cause developmental problems. However, the relationship between iron status and cognitive achievement in older children is less clear.
- Exploring the impact of phonological awareness, visual-spatial working memory, and preschool quantity-number competencies on mathematics achievement in elementary school: findings from a 3-year longitudinal studyKristin Krajewski
German Institute of International Educational Research, Frankfurt, Germany
J Exp Child Psychol 103:516-31. 2009..awareness, working memory, and quantity-number competencies (QNC) for predicting mathematical school achievement in third graders (mean age 8 years 8 months)...
- Explicit and implicit second language training differentially affect the achievement of native-like brain activation patternsKara Morgan-Short
Department of Hispanic and Italian Studies, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1706 University Hall, MC 315, 601 S Morgan St, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 24:933-47. 2012..Overall, the results suggest that adult foreign language learners can come to rely on native-like language brain mechanisms, but that the conditions under which the language is learned may be crucial in attaining this goal...
- School readiness and later achievementGreg J Duncan
School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
Dev Psychol 43:1428-46. 2007..readiness--school-entry academic, attention, and socioemotional skills--and later school reading and math achievement. In an effort to isolate the effects of these school-entry skills, the authors ensured that most of their ..
- The effects of physical activity and physical fitness on children's achievement and cognitive outcomes: a meta-analysisAlicia L Fedewa
Department of Educational, School, and Counseling Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
Res Q Exerc Sport 82:521-35. 2011..However; the relationship between children's physical activity and academic achievement has been debated in the literature...
- The gender similarities hypothesisJanet Shibley Hyde
University of Wisconsin Madison, Department of Psychology, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Am Psychol 60:581-92. 2005..Overinflated claims of gender differences carry substantial costs in areas such as the workplace and relationships...
- Sex differences in stress responses: social rejection versus achievement stressLaura R Stroud
Brown University Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
Biol Psychiatry 52:318-27. 2002..In particular, we predicted that women would show greater responses to social rejection stressors, whereas men would demonstrate greater responses to achievement stressors.
- Developmental and individual differences in pure numerical estimationJulie L Booth
Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Dev Psychol 42:189-201. 2006..individual differences across tasks were also apparent, and all types of estimation skill were positively related to math achievement test scores. Implications for understanding of mathematics learning in general are discussed.
- Inside the brain of an elite athlete: the neural processes that support high achievement in sportsKielan Yarrow
Department of Psychology, City University London, Northampton Square, London, EC1V OHB, UK
Nat Rev Neurosci 10:585-96. 2009..In this way we hope to inspire neuroscientists to consider how their basic research might help to explain sporting skill at the highest levels of performance...
- Decreased latent inhibition is associated with increased creative achievement in high-functioning individualsShelley H Carson
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 85:499-506. 2003..achievers (participants under 21 years who reported unusually high scores in a single domain of creative achievement) were 7 times more likely to have low rather than high LI scores, chi2 (1, N = 25) = 10.69, phi = .47. p = .003.
- Short-term memory, working memory, and executive functioning in preschoolers: longitudinal predictors of mathematical achievement at age 7 yearsRebecca Bull
School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Dev Neuropsychol 33:205-28. 2008..memory, working memory, and executive functioning in preschool children predict later proficiency in academic achievement at 7 years of age (third year of primary school)...
- Diversity. Gender similarities characterize math performanceJanet S Hyde
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, 1202 West Johnson Street, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Science 321:494-5. 2008
- Chaotic homes and school achievement: a twin studyKen B Hanscombe
King s College London, MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:1212-20. 2011..Given that it is known that genes affect both children's experience of household chaos and their school achievement, to what extent is the relationship between high levels of noise and environmental confusion in the home, and ..
- Manganese exposure from drinking water and children's academic achievementKhalid Khan
Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, United States
Neurotoxicology 33:91-7. 2012..Although adverse effects of Mn on cognitive function of the children indicate possible impact on their academic achievement little evidence on this issue is available...
- Scholastic achievement at age 16 and risk of schizophrenia and other psychoses: a national cohort studyJ H MacCabe
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
Psychol Med 38:1133-40. 2008..We investigated whether school performance at age 16 is associated with risk of adult schizophrenia and other psychoses in a large national cohort, while controlling for multiple confounders...
- Sleep disturbances and teacher ratings of school achievement and temperament in childrenOliviero Bruni
Department of Developmental Neurology and Psychiatry, Center for Pediatric Sleep Disorders, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Sabelli 108, 00185 Rome, Italy
Sleep Med 7:43-8. 2006The current study examined the relationships between academic achievement, sleep, temperament and demographic-historical data in school-age children.
- Approximate number sense, symbolic number processing, or number-space mappings: what underlies mathematics achievement?Delphine Sasanguie
Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, KU Leuven, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium Subfaculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, KU Leuven Kulak, B 8500 Kortrijk, Belgium
J Exp Child Psychol 114:418-31. 2013..Math achievement was measured with a timed arithmetic test and with a general curriculum-based math test to address the ..
- Diversity. Gender similarities in mathematics and scienceJanet Shibley Hyde
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Science 314:599-600. 2006
- The relation of adiposity to cognitive control and scholastic achievement in preadolescent childrenKeita Kamijo
Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, Illinois, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 20:2406-11. 2012..status to cognition in preadolescent children using a comprehensive assessment of cognitive control, academic achievement, and measures of adiposity...
- Ten-year follow-up of children born before 29 gestational weeks: health, cognitive development, behaviour and school achievementK Stjernqvist
Department of Psychology, Lund University, Sweden
Acta Paediatr 88:557-62. 1999..Health, cognitive development, school achievement and behaviour were measured...
- Association between basic numerical abilities and mathematics achievementDelphine Sasanguie
Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
Br J Dev Psychol 30:344-57. 2012..measures of number representation are related to performance on a curriculum-based standardized mathematics achievement test in kindergarteners, first, second, and sixth graders...
- Modeling a cascade of effects: the role of speed and executive functioning in preterm/full-term differences in academic achievementSusan A Rose
Department of Pediatrics, Kennedy Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine Children s Hospital at Montefiore, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
Dev Sci 14:1161-75. 2011..In the best-fitting structural equation model, the negative effects of prematurity on achievement were completely mediated by the three executive functions and speed in a cascade of effects: prematurity → ..
- Behaviour and school achievement in patients with early and continuously treated phenylketonuriaB A Stemerdink
Department of Developmental, State University Groningen, The Netherlands
J Inherit Metab Dis 23:548-62. 2000..and educational level of both parents, on behaviour rating scales for parents and teachers as well as a school achievement scale...
- Can achievement emotions be used to better understand motivation, learning, and performance in medical education?Anthony R Artino
Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814 4712, USA
Med Teach 34:240-4. 2012..The overarching purpose of the article is to introduce medical education researchers to the notion of achievement emotions and provide a brief overview of how this work can inform the theory, research, and practice of medical ..
- Second-year medical students' motivational beliefs, emotions, and achievementAnthony R Artino
Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814 4712, USA
Med Educ 44:1203-12. 2010..These affective factors have received less emphasis in the medical education literature...
- Do different types of school mathematics development depend on different constellations of numerical versus general cognitive abilities?Lynn S Fuchs
Department of Special Education, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
Dev Psychol 46:1731-46. 2010..Language, attentive behavior, nonverbal problem solving, and listening span were uniquely predictive...
- College students with and without ADHD: comparison of self-report of medication usage, study habits, and academic achievementClaire Advokat
Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
J Atten Disord 15:656-66. 2011To examine the relationship between ADHD medications, study habits, and academic achievement of ADHD-diagnosed undergraduates.
- Childhood and adolescent hyperactivity-inattention symptoms and academic achievement 8 years later: the GAZEL Youth studyC Galera
Child Psychiatry Department, Charles Perrens Hospital, University Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France
Psychol Med 39:1895-906. 2009..study examined the link between childhood hyperactivity-inattention symptoms (HI-s) and subsequent academic achievement in a community setting, controlling for other behavioural symptoms, socio-economic status (SES) and ..
- Predicting the academic achievement of gifted students with autism spectrum disorderSusan G Assouline
Department of Quantitative and Psychological Foundations, College of Education, The University of Iowa, 600 Blank Honors Center, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 42:1781-9. 2012We are not well informed regarding the ability-achievement relationship for twice-exceptional individuals (very high cognitive ability and a diagnosed disability, e.g., autism spectrum disorder [ASD])...
- Recursive processes in self-affirmation: intervening to close the minority achievement gapGeoffrey L Cohen
Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Muenzinger Psychology Building, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
Science 324:400-3. 2009..of brief but structured writing assignments focusing students on a self-affirming value, reduced the racial achievement gap. Over 2 years, the grade point average (GPA) of African Americans was, on average, raised by 0...
- The predictive validity of the MCAT for medical school performance and medical board licensing examinations: a meta-analysis of the published researchTyrone Donnon
Medical Education and Research Unit, Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
Acad Med 82:100-6. 2007..To conduct a meta-analysis of published studies to determine the predictive validity of the MCAT on medical school performance and medical board licensing examinations...
- Self-esteem and the cognitive accessibility of strengths and weaknesses after failureP G Dodgson
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
J Pers Soc Psychol 75:178-97. 1998..In contrast, LSEs' weaknesses appeared to become especially accessible after failure. These results have implications for the mood-congruent cognition and self-esteem literatures...
- Social inequality in educational achievement and psychosocial adjustment throughout childhood: magnitude and mechanismsAmanda Sacker
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, UK
Soc Sci Med 55:863-80. 2002..and physical environments in which children are raised affects their resources in the domains of educational achievement and psychosocial adjustment...
- Mapping numerical magnitudes onto symbols: the numerical distance effect and individual differences in children's mathematics achievementIan D Holloway
Numerical Cognition Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada
J Exp Child Psychol 103:17-29. 2009..To address these questions, we collected mathematics achievement measures from 6- to 8-year-olds as well as reaction times from a numerical comparison task...
- Pathways to mathematics: longitudinal predictors of performanceJo Anne LeFevre
Institute of Cognitive Science, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Child Dev 81:1753-67. 2010..The success of the model in accounting for performance highlights the need to understand the fundamental underlying skills that contribute to diverse forms of mathematical competence...
- Environmental contributors to the achievement gapMarie Lynn Miranda
Children s Environmental Health Initiative, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Neurotoxicology 30:1019-24. 2009..Environmental exposures may contribute to the observed achievement gap. In particular, childhood lead exposure has been linked to a number of adverse cognitive outcomes...
- Prenatal marijuana and alcohol exposure and academic achievement at age 10Lidush Goldschmidt
Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 3811 O Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Neurotoxicol Teratol 26:521-32. 2004The effects of prenatal marijuana and alcohol exposure on school achievement at 10 years of age were examined...
- Effects of cochlear implants on children's reading and academic achievementMarc Marschark
National Technical Institute for the Deaf Rochester Institute of Technology, 52 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623, USA
J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ 12:269-82. 2007This article presents a critical analysis of empirical studies assessing literacy and other domains of academic achievement among children with cochlear implants...
- Toward a science of exceptional achievement: attaining superior performance through deliberate practiceK Anders Ericsson
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1172:199-217. 2009....
- Faking the desire to learn: a clarification of the link between mastery goals and academic achievementBenoît Dompnier
Pierre Mendes France University
Psychol Sci 20:939-43. 2009Research on achievement goals has demonstrated that mastery goals positively impact achievement-related outcomes, but paradoxically hold an inconsistent relation with academic achievement...
- Teacher expectations, classroom context, and the achievement gapClark McKown
Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois 60607 7137, USA
J Sch Psychol 46:235-61. 2008..deviations higher than teacher expectations of African American and Latino students with similar records of achievement. In highly diverse low-PDT classrooms in Study 1 and highly diverse low-PDT mixed-grade classrooms in Study 2, ..
- Physical education, obesity, and academic achievement: a 2-year longitudinal investigation of Australian elementary school childrenRichard D Telford
Medical School, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
Am J Public Health 102:368-74. 2012..We determined whether physical education (PE) taught by specialists contributed to academic development and prevention of obesity in elementary school children...
- Does money really matter? Estimating impacts of family income on young children's achievement with data from random-assignment experimentsGreg J Duncan
Department of Education, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA
Dev Psychol 47:1263-79. 2011Social scientists do not agree on the size and nature of the causal impacts of parental income on children's achievement. We revisit this issue using a set of welfare and antipoverty experiments conducted in the 1990s...
- Personality and the goal-striving process: the influence of achievement goal patterns, goal level, and mental focus on performance and enjoymentFelissa K Lee
Department of Management, University of Missouri Columbia 65211, USA
J Appl Psychol 88:256-65. 2003..theory (autonomy, control, and amotivated orientations) influence performance and enjoyment through achievement goal patterns, goal level, and mental focus. Data were collected from 284 students at 5 points in time...
- Long-term cognition, achievement, socioemotional, and behavioral development of healthy late-preterm infantsMatthew J Gurka
Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 22908 0717, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:525-32. 2010To compare healthy late-preterm infants with their full-term counterparts from age 4 through 15 years for numerous standard cognitive, achievement, socioemotional, and behavioral outcomes.
- The relationship of school absenteeism with body mass index, academic achievement, and socioeconomic status among fourth-grade childrenSuzanne D Baxter
Institute for Families in Society, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA
J Sch Health 81:417-23. 2011..the South Carolina Budget and Control Board Office of Research and Statistics (ORS) to investigate the relationships of children's school absenteeism with body mass index (BMI), academic achievement, and socioeconomic status (SES).
- Effects of collaborative group composition and inquiry instruction on reasoning gains and achievement in undergraduate biologyJamie Lee Jensen
Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 10:64-73. 2011..compared the effectiveness of collaborative group composition and instructional method on reasoning gains and achievement in college biology. Based on initial student reasoning ability (i.e...
- Unexpected improvement, decline, and stasis: a prediction confidence perspective on achievement success and failureJason E Plaks
Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Pers Soc Psychol 93:667-84. 2007..The authors discuss the implications of these findings for the literature on achievement success and failure.
- Explaining individual differences in scholastic behaviour and achievementK V Petrides
Institute of Education, University of London, UK
Br J Educ Psychol 75:239-55. 2005This paper presents results from the first wave of a longitudinal study examining the effects of various psychosocial variables on scholastic achievement and behaviour at school.
- Longitudinal study of relations between school achievement and smoking behavior among secondary school students in Finland: results of the ESFA studyMarjaana Pennanen
National Institute for Health and Welfare, Mannerheimintie, Helsinki, Finland
Subst Use Misuse 46:569-79. 2011The aim of this study was to explore a longitudinal bi-directional relationship between school achievement and smoking behavior. The sample consists of 2,188 Finnish students in grades 7-9...
- School readiness and later achievement: replication and extension using a nationwide Canadian surveyElisa Romano
School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6N5, Canada
Dev Psychol 46:995-1007. 2010..Similar to Duncan et al., (a) math skills were the strongest predictor of later achievement, (b) literacy and attention skills predicted later achievement, and (c) socioemotional behaviors did not ..
- Beginning school with asthma independently predicts low achievement in a prospective cohort of childrenKathleen A Liberty
Health Sciences Centre, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
Chest 138:1349-55. 2010Concerns about the achievement of children with asthma and respiratory conditions are especially important in New Zealand, which has one of the world's highest rates of childhood asthma...
- Reading achievement in relation to phonological coding and awareness in deaf readers: a meta-analysisRachel I Mayberry
Department of Linguistics, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0108, USA
J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ 16:164-88. 2011..These meta-analytic results indicate that PCA skills are a low to moderate predictor of reading achievement in deaf individuals and that other factors, most notably language ability, have a greater influence on reading ..
- Achievement goal promotion at university: social desirability and social utility of mastery and performance goalsCéline Darnon
Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale et Cognitive, Universite Blaise Pascal, Clermont Ferrand, France
J Pers Soc Psychol 96:119-34. 2009The present research examines the ambivalence of achievement goal promotion at university, and more specifically in the psychology curriculum...
- ADHD and achievement: meta-analysis of the child, adolescent, and adult literatures and a concomitant study with college studentsThomas W Frazier
Section of Behavioral Medicine, The Cleveland Clinic, Shaker Medical Campus, OH 44104, USA
J Learn Disabil 40:49-65. 2007..The first study conducted a meta-analysis of the published literature since 1990 to determine the magnitude of achievement problems associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
- Substance use and misuse among 17- to 18-year-old Croatian adolescents: correlation with scholastic variables and sport factorsToni Modric
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia
Subst Use Misuse 46:1328-34. 2011..SUM) and the relation to physical activity/exercise/athletic participation (sport factors) and scholastic achievement are rarely studied in Croatia...
- School readiness and later achievement: a French Canadian replication and extensionLinda S Pagani
School Environment Research Group and Centre de Recherche de l Hôpital Sainte Justine, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Dev Psychol 46:984-94. 2010..characteristics underlying kindergarten school readiness and second grade math, reading, and general achievement. We then extended this school readiness model by including motor skills as an additional element in the ..
- Physical activity and the achievement gap among urban minority youthCharles E Basch
Department of Health and Behavior Studies, Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA
J Sch Health 81:626-34. 2011..youth, causal pathways through which low levels of physical activity and fitness adversely affects academic achievement, and proven or promising approaches for schools to increase physical activity and physical fitness among youth.
- Nonsymbolic numerical magnitude comparison: reliability and validity of different task variants and outcome measures, and their relationship to arithmetic achievement in adultsGavin R Price
Numerical Cognition Laboratory, Department of Psychology, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, N6A 2K7, Canada
Acta Psychol (Amst) 140:50-7. 2012..employed yet it is currently unclear how these affect metrics of ANS acuity, and how these relate to arithmetic achievement. The present study investigates the reliability, validity and relationship to standardized measures of ..
- Achievement goals, competition appraisals, and the well- and ill-being of elite youth soccer players over two competitive seasonsJames W Adie
Department of Psychology, Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, UK
J Sport Exerc Psychol 32:555-79. 2010Grounded in the 2 x 2 achievement goal framework (Elliot & McGregor, 2001), the purpose of this study was to investigate the temporal relationships between achievement goals, competition appraisals and indices of psychological and ..
- Gender and achievement in clinical medical students: a path analysisD M de Saintonge
Clinical Skills Centre, Department of Medical and Dental Education, St Bartholomew's and the Royal London Hospital School of Medicine Hospital, London, UK
Med Educ 35:1024-33. 2001..The purpose of this study was to discover how these interactions determined achievement. METHODS: A longitudinal study examined students on their first clinical firms...
- Developmental cascades: linking academic achievement and externalizing and internalizing symptoms over 20 yearsAnn S Masten
Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Minneapolis, 55455, USA
Dev Psychol 41:733-46. 2005..Implications are discussed for developmental models of cascades, progressions, and preventive interventions...
- Growth mixture modeling of academic achievement in children of varying birth weight riskKimberly Andrews Espy
Office of Research, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68688 0433, USA kespy2unl edu
Neuropsychology 23:460-74. 2009..that utilizes an integrated person- and variable-centered approach was applied to identify latent classes of achievement from a cohort of school-age children born at varying birth weights...
- National differences in gender-science stereotypes predict national sex differences in science and math achievementBrian A Nosek
Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4400, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:10593-7. 2009..nation-level implicit stereotypes predicted nation-level sex differences in 8th-grade science and mathematics achievement. Self-reported stereotypes did not provide additional predictive validity of the achievement gap...
- Academic achievement of low birthweight children at age 11: the role of cognitive abilities at school entryN Breslau
Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan 48202 3450, USA
J Abnorm Child Psychol 29:273-9. 2001We examine the extent to which deficits in academic achievement in low birthweight (LBW) children at age 11 are explained by deficits in cognitive abilities at school entry...
- The influence of parent education and family income on child achievement: the indirect role of parental expectations and the home environmentPamela E Davis-Kean
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
J Fam Psychol 19:294-304. 2005..how socioeconomic status, specifically parents' education and income, indirectly relates to children's academic achievement through parents' beliefs and behaviors...
- Genetic and environmental influences on academic achievement trajectories during adolescenceWendy Johnson
Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, MN 55455, USA
Dev Psychol 42:514-32. 2006Most studies have considered the effects of particular characteristics on academic achievement individually, which means that little is known about how they function together...
- The relationship between compulsive behaviour and academic achievement across the three genetic subtypes of Prader-Willi syndromeJ Zarcone
Strong Center for Developmental Disabilities, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
J Intellect Disabil Res 51:478-87. 2007..The focus of this paper is on the non-food-related compulsions in individuals with PWS and comparing differences across the three genetic subtypes of the syndrome...
- Association of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) polymorphism and academic achievement in a Chinese cohortTing Kuang Yeh
Science Education Center and Graduate Institute of Science Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan, ROC
Brain Cogn 71:300-5. 2009..In particular, the former performed significantly more poorly in the science and social science subtests. These findings provide evidence that affective factors might overwhelm cognitive abilities in high-stake tests like the BCT...
- Fish consumption, mercury exposure, and their associations with scholastic achievement in the Seychelles Child Development StudyPhilip W Davidson
University of Rochester, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Department of Pediatrics, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
Neurotoxicology 31:439-47. 2010..Changes in functional outcomes such as school achievement and behavior in exposed children and adolescents have not been examined...
- Goal achievement as a patient-generated outcome measure for stress urinary incontinenceJill L Milne
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
Health Expect 12:288-300. 2009..To explore women's goals and goal attainment for the conservative and surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI), and to examine the feasibility of Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) as an outcome measure in this population...
- Prenatal alcohol exposure and ability, academic achievement, and school functioning in adolescence: a longitudinal follow-upKaren K Howell
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
J Pediatr Psychol 31:116-26. 2006..Prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with learning, behavioral, and academic problems even in children without the fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)...
- Self-regulation, motivation, and math achievement in middle school: variations across grade level and math contextTimothy J Cleary
Department of Educational Psychology, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, PO Box 413, Milwaukee, WI 53201, United States
J Sch Psychol 47:291-314. 2009The current study examined grade level, achievement group, and math-course-type differences in student self-regulation and motivation in a sample of 880 suburban middle-school students...
- Influences on cognitive engagement: epistemological beliefs and need for closureTeresa K Debacker
University of Oklahoma, USA
Br J Educ Psychol 76:535-51. 2006Research indicates that achievement goals influence cognitive engagement, which, in turn, influences academic achievement...
- Younger achievement age predicts shorter life for governors: testing the precocity-longevity hypothesis with artifact controlsStewart J H McCann
Department of Behavioral and Life Sciences, University College of Cape Breton, Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 29:164-9. 2003..hypothesis suggests that the prerequisites, concomitants, and consequences of early peaks in career achievement may foster the conditions for premature death...
- Relation of achievement motives, satisfaction with life, happiness and oral health in Romanian university studentsAlexandrina Lizica Dumitrescu
Institute of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tromsø, 9037 Tromsø, Norway
Oral Health Prev Dent 8:15-22. 2010The objective of the present study was to investigate whether achievement motives, satisfaction with life and happiness are associated with oral health behaviour and perceived gingival status.
- Children with adequate academic achievement scores referred for evaluation of school difficulties: information processing deficienciesN Singer-Harris
Department of Psychiatry, Children s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Dev Neuropsychol 20:593-603. 2001Children (7-11 years old) with standardized academic achievement test scores in the normal range referred for evaluation of learning problems were compared to low-achieving children matched for age, sex, and nonverbal cognitive ability, ..
- Factors associated with academic achievement in children with type 1 diabetesAnn Marie McCarthy
College of Nursing, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
Diabetes Care 26:112-7. 2003To examine academic achievement in children with diabetes and to identify predictors of achievement.
- The predictive value of numerical magnitude comparison for individual differences in mathematics achievementBert De Smedt
Center for Parenting, Child Welfare, and Disabilities, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
J Exp Child Psychol 103:469-79. 2009Although it has been proposed that the ability to compare numerical magnitudes is related to mathematics achievement, it is not clear whether this ability predicts individual differences in later mathematics achievement...
- Physical fitness and academic achievement in elementary school childrenBrandi M Eveland-Sayers
Department of Health and Human Performance, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN 37132, USA
J Phys Act Health 6:99-104. 2009..The association between fitness and academic achievement, however, remains to be clarified, especially in young children...
- Gender variation in developmental trajectories of educational and occupational expectations and attainment from adolescence to adulthoodZena R Mello
Department of Cognition and Development, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1670, USA
Dev Psychol 44:1069-80. 2008..Gender variation in expectations and attainment is discussed in light of historical changes, and future directions of research are proposed...
- Ambitious mothers--successful daughters: mothers' early expectations for children's education and children's earnings and sense of control in adult lifeEirini Flouri
Department of Psychology and Human Development, Institute of Education, University of London, London, UK
Br J Educ Psychol 78:411-33. 2008....
- Physical fitness and academic achievement in third- and fifth-grade studentsDarla M Castelli
Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA
J Sport Exerc Psychol 29:239-52. 2007The relationship between physical fitness and academic achievement has received much attention owing to the increasing prevalence of children who are overweight and unfit, as well as the inescapable pressure on schools to produce ..
- Financial strain, parenting behaviors, and adolescents' achievement: testing model equivalence between African American and European American single- and two-parent familiesL M Gutman
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
Child Dev 70:1464-76. 1999..tested the equivalence of a theoretical model of parenting behaviors linking financial strain to adolescents' achievement for African American and European American families and for single- and two-parent families...
- [Learning approaches, self-regulation and achievement in three European universities]Jesus De La Fuente
Facultad de Humanidades u Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad de Almeria, Almeria, Spain
Psicothema 20:705-11. 2008..New lines of research are proposed based on the conclusions...
- The neural basis of academic achievement motivationKei Mizuno
Department of Physiology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1 4 3 Asahimachi, Abeno Ku, Osaka 545 8585, Japan
Neuroimage 42:369-78. 2008..We conclude that the putamen is critical for motivation in different domains and the extent of activity of the putamen may be pivotal to the motivation that drives academic achievement and thus academic successes.
- Change in teachers' ratings of attention problems and subsequent change in academic achievement: a prospective analysisN Breslau
Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Psychol Med 40:159-66. 2010Recent research has documented a link between attention problems at school entry and later academic achievement. Little is known about the association of change in attention problems during the early school years with subsequent change ..
- Mathematical ability of 10-year-old boys and girls: genetic and environmental etiology of typical and low performanceYulia Kovas
Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
J Learn Disabil 40:554-67. 2007..We conclude that low mathematical performance is the quantitative extreme of the same genetic and environmental factors responsible for variation throughout the distribution...
- Friendships, peer acceptance, and group membership: relations to academic achievement in middle schoolK R Wentzel
Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA
Child Dev 68:1198-209. 1997..to examine relations of number of reciprocated friendships, peer acceptance, and group membership to academic achievement. In both samples, group membership was the most consistent predictor of grades over time...
- Patient-centered surgical outcomes: the impact of goal achievement and urge incontinence on patient satisfaction one year after surgerySangeeta T Mahajan
Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 194:722-8. 2006..The purpose of this study was to assess factors that influence patient satisfaction 1 year after pelvic reconstructive surgery...
- Correlations between academic achievement and anxiety and depression in medical students experiencing integrated curriculum reformYi Chun Yeh
Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Kaohsiung J Med Sci 23:379-86. 2007This study aimed to examine the correlations between academic achievement and levels of anxiety and depression in medical students who were experiencing curriculum reform...
- Striving for unwanted goals: stress-dependent discrepancies between explicit and implicit achievement motives reduce subjective well-being and increase psychosomatic symptomsNicola Baumann
Department of Human Sciences, University of Osnabruck, Osnabruck, Germany
J Pers Soc Psychol 89:781-99. 2005..studies investigated the relevance of affect regulation, stressful life events, and congruence between explicit achievement orientation and implicit achievement motive for subjective well-being and symptom formation...
- Reducing the racial achievement gap: a social-psychological interventionGeoffrey L Cohen
Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Muenzinger Psychology Building, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
Science 313:1307-10. 2006..writing assignment, significantly improved the grades of African American students and reduced the racial achievement gap by 40%...
- Educational achievement and early school behavior as predictors of alcohol-use disorders: 35-year follow-up of the Woodlawn StudyRosa M Crum
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
J Stud Alcohol 67:75-85. 2006Using prospectively gathered data across a 35-year follow-up interval, we assessed the association of educational achievement and school behaviors with risk for the development of an alcohol-use disorder in adulthood.
- Adolescents' academic expectations and achievementC E Sanders
Touch Research Institutes, University of Miami School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Florida 33101, USA
Adolescence 36:795-802. 2001..has indicated that adolescents' relationships with their mother influence their academic expectations and achievement. Substance use has also been found to have a strong influence on academic expectations and achievement...
- Unilateral Hearing Loss in ChildrenJUDITH LIEU; Fiscal Year: 2007..risk in children with UHL as compared to a control group of siblings with normal hearing, using a standardized achievement assessment; 2) Determine whether educational performance or behavioral problems increase or decrease in ..
- Brain Structure and Function in Adolescents after the Fontan OperationJane Newburger; Fiscal Year: 2009..Aim 3 will evaluate the relationship of brain MRI measures to academic achievement, cognition, and behavior...
- SOLID STATE RADIATION CHEMISTRY OF DNAWilliam A Bernhard; Fiscal Year: 2010..b>Achievement of these objectives should make it possible to predict the composition and spatial distribution of the DNA ..
- INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH MIDDLE SCHOOL PROJECTDavid Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2006..student understanding of the environmental health sciences as well as improved performance in overall academic achievement, higher-level thinking and problem-solving skills, behavior, and attitudes...
- Outcomes and Costs Associated with Frequency of Physician-Patient Visits on HemodAreef Ishani; Fiscal Year: 2010..visit frequency is associated with a reduced patient hospitalization and mortality rate, greater achievement of dialysis clinical performance targets, greater utilization of preventative services, and greater Medicare ..
- Phamacological modulation of epigenetic changes in AMLGuido Marcucci; Fiscal Year: 2010..AML and high re-expression levels of the methylated ER gene, which in turn directly correlated with achievement of disease remission...
- Phamacological modulation of epigenetic changes in AMLGuido Marcucci; Fiscal Year: 2009..AML and high re-expression levels of the methylated ER gene, which in turn directly correlated with achievement of disease remission...
- Promoting Early School Readiness in Primary HealthcareAlan L Mendelsohn; Fiscal Year: 2010Poverty is strongly related to disparities in early child development, school readiness and educational achievement. The early emergence and long-term persistence of disparities underscore the need for effective interventions prior to ..
- COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICSMICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2007..that attenuate adverse internalizingand externalizing behaviors, co-occurring substance use & academic achievement problemsamong urban youth with communityviolence exposure...
- Brain Structure and Function in Adolescents after the Fontan OperationMICHAEL JOHN RIVKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010..Aim 3 will evaluate the relationship of brain MRI measures to academic achievement, cognition, and behavior...
- Focus on LearningJANET A WELSH; Fiscal Year: 2010..for an efficacy trial which can evaluate its impact on the targeted parenting skills and on child learning and achievement in a rigorous randomized trial...
- Discovery of the 6p21.3 Reading Disability GeneJeffrey R Gruen; Fiscal Year: 2010..Yet, RD is frequently unrecognized, leading to academic under-achievement with detrimental social and economic consequences...
- Focus on LearningJANET WELSH; Fiscal Year: 2009..for an efficacy trial which can evaluate its impact on the targeted parenting skills and on child learning and achievement in a rigorous randomized trial...
- Mutational and evolutionary impact of mitochondrial dysfunctionSUZANNE R ESTES; Fiscal Year: 2010..The achievement of this aim will confirm or deny the widely held, but unproven hypothesis that ROS of mitochondrial origin ..
- Randomized Trial of IFCBT-HIVPI to Prevent HIV Among Non-Injection Drug UsersWilliam Latimer; Fiscal Year: 2009..and secondary (HIV, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis incidences and legal involvement, academic achievement, and employment) outcome domains will be evaluated...
- B-Lymphocyte Immunotherapy in Islet TransplantationAli Naji; Fiscal Year: 2007..However, despite initial achievement of an insulin independent state, a progressive loss of beta cell function culminates in the recurrence of ..
- MATH INTERVENTION FOR CHILDREN WITH LEUKEMIAIda Moore; Fiscal Year: 2004..The primary aim of this study is to determine if a math intervention can prevent a significant decline in math achievement in children with ALL who receive triple intrathecal therapy and systemic intermediate dose methotrexate...
- COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICSMICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009..1993; Pynoos et al.,1987; Schwab-Stone et al.,1999; Singer et al., 1995). Academic achievement outcomes have been under explored, as have factors that protect youth against the adverse impact of community ..
- Short-Chain Dehydrogenases in Retinol/Sterol MetabolismNatalia Kedishvili; Fiscal Year: 2009..Therefore, achievement of the goals of the parent grant will not be complete without considering the contribution of RDH-E2S...
- Ultrasound Imaging of Breast by Use of a Hemispheric Array and Inverse ScatteringRobert C Waag; Fiscal Year: 2010..b>Achievement of this objective will show the clinical feasibility of using non-- ionizing ultrasound imaging to screen for ..
- Psychological Foundations of Mathematics Performance by Deaf and Hearing StudentsMARC E MARSCHARK; Fiscal Year: 2010..findings concerning the development of mathematical abilities in hearing children and empirical research and achievement data indicating that deaf students lag behind hearing age- mates in mathematical proficiencies...
- Conforming Positive Action Lessons to States' Academic StandardsCarol Allred; Fiscal Year: 2006..skills, school leadership/administration skills, school organization, and both student behavior and academic achievement. Despite having strong evidence of effectiveness and being well established, PA faces a major challenge to ..
- Memory Functioning in Children and Adolescents with Perinatal HIV InfectionSharon L Nichols; Fiscal Year: 2010..and executive function contribute to problems in daily functioning (including medication adherence, academic achievement, and adaptive behavior)...
- PRECURSORS OF RETARDATION IN CHILDREN WITH TEEN MOTHERSJohn Borkowski; Fiscal Year: 2005..and outcome variables has been influenced by our interests in self- regulation, metacognitive theory, academic achievement, and socioemotional adjustment as the children proceed through childhood into adolescence...
- Self-Generated Research Experiences to Support Biomedical/Behavioral Research CarLISA LINNENBRINK GARCIA; Fiscal Year: 2010..threat'by including an incremental ability component to buoy perceived competence, interest, and achievement of URMs...
- Prevention and Promotion with Youth in Community-Based Afterschool ProgramsEMILIE SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2009..to integrate into school settings due to rising demands for educational testing and accountability for student achievement (Mahoney & Zigler, 2006)...
- Prevention and Promotion with Youth in Community-Based Afterschool ProgramsEmilie P Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010..to integrate into school settings due to rising demands for educational testing and accountability for student achievement (Mahoney &Zigler, 2006)...
- Developmental Pathways to Dating Violence and Suicidal Behavior: The Healthy TeenPamela Orpinas; Fiscal Year: 2010..700 students);b) uses multiple methods (student surveys, teacher ratings, archival data on academic achievement and discipline, focus groups, and interviews;c) includes two samples of students (random and high-risk);d) ..
- Developmental Pathways to Dating Violence and Suicidal Behavior: The Healthy TeenPamela Orpinas; Fiscal Year: 2009..700 students); b) uses multiple methods (student surveys, teacher ratings, archival data on academic achievement and discipline, focus groups, and interviews; c) includes two samples of students (random and high-risk); d) ..