achievement

Summary

Summary: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.

Top Publications

  1. doi Individual differences in non-verbal number acuity correlate with maths achievement
    Justin Halberda
    Johns Hopkins University, Ames Hall, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
    Nature 455:665-8. 2008
  2. ncbi Cross-national patterns of gender differences in mathematics: a meta-analysis
    Nicole M Else-Quest
    Villanova University, Department of Psychology, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:103-27. 2010
  3. ncbi Preschool executive functioning abilities predict early mathematics achievement
    Caron A C Clark
    Canterbury Child Development Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, NewZealand
    Dev Psychol 46:1176-91. 2010
  4. pmc Cognitive predictors of achievement growth in mathematics: a 5-year longitudinal study
    David C Geary
    University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211 2500, USA
    Dev Psychol 47:1539-52. 2011
  5. ncbi Predicting arithmetical achievement from neuro-psychological performance: a longitudinal study
    M Fayol
    LAPSCO CNRS Univerité Blaise Pascal, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Cognition 68:B63-70. 1998
  6. ncbi Iron deficiency and cognitive achievement among school-aged children and adolescents in the United States
    J S Halterman
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY, USA
    Pediatrics 107:1381-6. 2001
  7. doi Exploring the impact of phonological awareness, visual-spatial working memory, and preschool quantity-number competencies on mathematics achievement in elementary school: findings from a 3-year longitudinal study
    Kristin Krajewski
    German Institute of International Educational Research, Frankfurt, Germany
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:516-31. 2009
  8. pmc Explicit and implicit second language training differentially affect the achievement of native-like brain activation patterns
    Kara Morgan-Short
    Department of Hispanic and Italian Studies, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1706 University Hall, MC 315, 601 S Morgan St, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 24:933-47. 2012
  9. ncbi School readiness and later achievement
    Greg J Duncan
    School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Dev Psychol 43:1428-46. 2007
  10. ncbi The effects of physical activity and physical fitness on children's achievement and cognitive outcomes: a meta-analysis
    Alicia L Fedewa
    Department of Educational, School, and Counseling Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
    Res Q Exerc Sport 82:521-35. 2011

Research Grants

  1. Unilateral Hearing Loss in Children
    JUDITH LIEU; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. Brain Structure and Function in Adolescents after the Fontan Operation
    Jane Newburger; Fiscal Year: 2009
  3. CANCER CENTER SUPPORT GRANT
    James K Willson; Fiscal Year: 2010
  4. NIH Director's Pioneer Award
    Karl Deisseroth; Fiscal Year: 2009
  5. CELLULAR EFFECTS OF ANESTHETICS IN THE HEART
    Zeljko Bosnjak; Fiscal Year: 1991
  6. Sex Steroid Hormone Regulation of Drug Reinforcement
    Diane Lebesgue; Fiscal Year: 2010
  7. Development & Malleability from Childhood to Adulthood
    Nicholas Ialongo; Fiscal Year: 2009
  8. Targeting thermoreceptors for therapeutic hypothermia
    Sean P Marrelli; Fiscal Year: 2011
  9. SOLID STATE RADIATION CHEMISTRY OF DNA
    WILLIAM BERNHARD; Fiscal Year: 2009
  10. SOLID STATE RADIATION CHEMISTRY OF DNA
    William A Bernhard; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications315 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Individual differences in non-verbal number acuity correlate with maths achievement
    Justin Halberda
    Johns Hopkins University, Ames Hall, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
    Nature 455:665-8. 2008
    ..that these individual differences in the present correlate with children's past scores on standardized maths achievement tests, extending all the way back to kindergarten...
  2. ncbi Cross-national patterns of gender differences in mathematics: a meta-analysis
    Nicole M Else-Quest
    Villanova University, Department of Psychology, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:103-27. 2010
    A gender gap in mathematics achievement persists in some nations but not in others...
  3. ncbi Preschool executive functioning abilities predict early mathematics achievement
    Caron A C Clark
    Canterbury Child Development Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, NewZealand
    Dev Psychol 46:1176-91. 2010
    ..However, the utility and specificity of preschool executive function abilities in predicting later mathematical achievement are poorly understood...
  4. pmc Cognitive predictors of achievement growth in mathematics: a 5-year longitudinal study
    David C Geary
    University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211 2500, USA
    Dev Psychol 47:1539-52. 2011
    The study's goal was to identify the beginning of 1st grade quantitative competencies that predict mathematics achievement start point and growth through 5th grade...
  5. ncbi Predicting arithmetical achievement from neuro-psychological performance: a longitudinal study
    M Fayol
    LAPSCO CNRS Univerité Blaise Pascal, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Cognition 68:B63-70. 1998
    ....
  6. ncbi Iron deficiency and cognitive achievement among school-aged children and adolescents in the United States
    J S Halterman
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY, USA
    Pediatrics 107:1381-6. 2001
    Iron deficiency anemia in infants can cause developmental problems. However, the relationship between iron status and cognitive achievement in older children is less clear.
  7. doi Exploring the impact of phonological awareness, visual-spatial working memory, and preschool quantity-number competencies on mathematics achievement in elementary school: findings from a 3-year longitudinal study
    Kristin Krajewski
    German Institute of International Educational Research, Frankfurt, Germany
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:516-31. 2009
    ..awareness, working memory, and quantity-number competencies (QNC) for predicting mathematical school achievement in third graders (mean age 8 years 8 months)...
  8. pmc Explicit and implicit second language training differentially affect the achievement of native-like brain activation patterns
    Kara Morgan-Short
    Department of Hispanic and Italian Studies, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1706 University Hall, MC 315, 601 S Morgan St, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 24:933-47. 2012
    ..Overall, the results suggest that adult foreign language learners can come to rely on native-like language brain mechanisms, but that the conditions under which the language is learned may be crucial in attaining this goal...
  9. ncbi School readiness and later achievement
    Greg J Duncan
    School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Dev Psychol 43:1428-46. 2007
    ..readiness--school-entry academic, attention, and socioemotional skills--and later school reading and math achievement. In an effort to isolate the effects of these school-entry skills, the authors ensured that most of their ..
  10. ncbi The effects of physical activity and physical fitness on children's achievement and cognitive outcomes: a meta-analysis
    Alicia L Fedewa
    Department of Educational, School, and Counseling Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
    Res Q Exerc Sport 82:521-35. 2011
    ..However; the relationship between children's physical activity and academic achievement has been debated in the literature...
  11. ncbi The gender similarities hypothesis
    Janet Shibley Hyde
    University of Wisconsin Madison, Department of Psychology, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Am Psychol 60:581-92. 2005
    ..Overinflated claims of gender differences carry substantial costs in areas such as the workplace and relationships...
  12. ncbi Sex differences in stress responses: social rejection versus achievement stress
    Laura R Stroud
    Brown University Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 52:318-27. 2002
    ..In particular, we predicted that women would show greater responses to social rejection stressors, whereas men would demonstrate greater responses to achievement stressors.
  13. ncbi Developmental and individual differences in pure numerical estimation
    Julie L Booth
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Dev Psychol 42:189-201. 2006
    ..individual differences across tasks were also apparent, and all types of estimation skill were positively related to math achievement test scores. Implications for understanding of mathematics learning in general are discussed.
  14. doi Inside the brain of an elite athlete: the neural processes that support high achievement in sports
    Kielan Yarrow
    Department of Psychology, City University London, Northampton Square, London, EC1V OHB, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 10:585-96. 2009
    ..In this way we hope to inspire neuroscientists to consider how their basic research might help to explain sporting skill at the highest levels of performance...
  15. ncbi Decreased latent inhibition is associated with increased creative achievement in high-functioning individuals
    Shelley H Carson
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 85:499-506. 2003
    ..achievers (participants under 21 years who reported unusually high scores in a single domain of creative achievement) were 7 times more likely to have low rather than high LI scores, chi2 (1, N = 25) = 10.69, phi = .47. p = .003.
  16. pmc Short-term memory, working memory, and executive functioning in preschoolers: longitudinal predictors of mathematical achievement at age 7 years
    Rebecca Bull
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
    Dev Neuropsychol 33:205-28. 2008
    ..memory, working memory, and executive functioning in preschool children predict later proficiency in academic achievement at 7 years of age (third year of primary school)...
  17. doi Diversity. Gender similarities characterize math performance
    Janet S Hyde
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, 1202 West Johnson Street, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Science 321:494-5. 2008
  18. pmc Chaotic homes and school achievement: a twin study
    Ken B Hanscombe
    King s College London, MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:1212-20. 2011
    ..Given that it is known that genes affect both children's experience of household chaos and their school achievement, to what extent is the relationship between high levels of noise and environmental confusion in the home, and ..
  19. pmc Manganese exposure from drinking water and children's academic achievement
    Khalid Khan
    Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, United States
    Neurotoxicology 33:91-7. 2012
    ..Although adverse effects of Mn on cognitive function of the children indicate possible impact on their academic achievement little evidence on this issue is available...
  20. ncbi Scholastic achievement at age 16 and risk of schizophrenia and other psychoses: a national cohort study
    J H MacCabe
    Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Psychol Med 38:1133-40. 2008
    ..We investigated whether school performance at age 16 is associated with risk of adult schizophrenia and other psychoses in a large national cohort, while controlling for multiple confounders...
  21. ncbi Sleep disturbances and teacher ratings of school achievement and temperament in children
    Oliviero Bruni
    Department of Developmental Neurology and Psychiatry, Center for Pediatric Sleep Disorders, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Sabelli 108, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Sleep Med 7:43-8. 2006
    The current study examined the relationships between academic achievement, sleep, temperament and demographic-historical data in school-age children.
  22. doi Approximate number sense, symbolic number processing, or number-space mappings: what underlies mathematics achievement?
    Delphine Sasanguie
    Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, KU Leuven, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium Subfaculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, KU Leuven Kulak, B 8500 Kortrijk, Belgium
    J Exp Child Psychol 114:418-31. 2013
    ..Math achievement was measured with a timed arithmetic test and with a general curriculum-based math test to address the ..
  23. ncbi Diversity. Gender similarities in mathematics and science
    Janet Shibley Hyde
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Science 314:599-600. 2006
  24. pmc The relation of adiposity to cognitive control and scholastic achievement in preadolescent children
    Keita Kamijo
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, Illinois, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 20:2406-11. 2012
    ..status to cognition in preadolescent children using a comprehensive assessment of cognitive control, academic achievement, and measures of adiposity...
  25. ncbi Ten-year follow-up of children born before 29 gestational weeks: health, cognitive development, behaviour and school achievement
    K Stjernqvist
    Department of Psychology, Lund University, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 88:557-62. 1999
    ..Health, cognitive development, school achievement and behaviour were measured...
  26. doi Association between basic numerical abilities and mathematics achievement
    Delphine Sasanguie
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Br J Dev Psychol 30:344-57. 2012
    ..measures of number representation are related to performance on a curriculum-based standardized mathematics achievement test in kindergarteners, first, second, and sixth graders...
  27. doi Modeling a cascade of effects: the role of speed and executive functioning in preterm/full-term differences in academic achievement
    Susan A Rose
    Department of Pediatrics, Kennedy Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine Children s Hospital at Montefiore, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Dev Sci 14:1161-75. 2011
    ..In the best-fitting structural equation model, the negative effects of prematurity on achievement were completely mediated by the three executive functions and speed in a cascade of effects: prematurity → ..
  28. ncbi Behaviour and school achievement in patients with early and continuously treated phenylketonuria
    B A Stemerdink
    Department of Developmental, State University Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Inherit Metab Dis 23:548-62. 2000
    ..and educational level of both parents, on behaviour rating scales for parents and teachers as well as a school achievement scale...
  29. doi Can achievement emotions be used to better understand motivation, learning, and performance in medical education?
    Anthony R Artino
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814 4712, USA
    Med Teach 34:240-4. 2012
    ..The overarching purpose of the article is to introduce medical education researchers to the notion of achievement emotions and provide a brief overview of how this work can inform the theory, research, and practice of medical ..
  30. doi Second-year medical students' motivational beliefs, emotions, and achievement
    Anthony R Artino
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814 4712, USA
    Med Educ 44:1203-12. 2010
    ..These affective factors have received less emphasis in the medical education literature...
  31. pmc Do different types of school mathematics development depend on different constellations of numerical versus general cognitive abilities?
    Lynn S Fuchs
    Department of Special Education, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Dev Psychol 46:1731-46. 2010
    ..Language, attentive behavior, nonverbal problem solving, and listening span were uniquely predictive...
  32. doi College students with and without ADHD: comparison of self-report of medication usage, study habits, and academic achievement
    Claire Advokat
    Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
    J Atten Disord 15:656-66. 2011
    To examine the relationship between ADHD medications, study habits, and academic achievement of ADHD-diagnosed undergraduates.
  33. pmc Childhood and adolescent hyperactivity-inattention symptoms and academic achievement 8 years later: the GAZEL Youth study
    C Galera
    Child Psychiatry Department, Charles Perrens Hospital, University Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France
    Psychol Med 39:1895-906. 2009
    ..study examined the link between childhood hyperactivity-inattention symptoms (HI-s) and subsequent academic achievement in a community setting, controlling for other behavioural symptoms, socio-economic status (SES) and ..
  34. ncbi Predicting the academic achievement of gifted students with autism spectrum disorder
    Susan G Assouline
    Department of Quantitative and Psychological Foundations, College of Education, The University of Iowa, 600 Blank Honors Center, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 42:1781-9. 2012
    We are not well informed regarding the ability-achievement relationship for twice-exceptional individuals (very high cognitive ability and a diagnosed disability, e.g., autism spectrum disorder [ASD])...
  35. doi Recursive processes in self-affirmation: intervening to close the minority achievement gap
    Geoffrey L Cohen
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Muenzinger Psychology Building, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Science 324:400-3. 2009
    ..of brief but structured writing assignments focusing students on a self-affirming value, reduced the racial achievement gap. Over 2 years, the grade point average (GPA) of African Americans was, on average, raised by 0...
  36. ncbi The predictive validity of the MCAT for medical school performance and medical board licensing examinations: a meta-analysis of the published research
    Tyrone Donnon
    Medical Education and Research Unit, Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
    Acad Med 82:100-6. 2007
    ..To conduct a meta-analysis of published studies to determine the predictive validity of the MCAT on medical school performance and medical board licensing examinations...
  37. ncbi Self-esteem and the cognitive accessibility of strengths and weaknesses after failure
    P G Dodgson
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Pers Soc Psychol 75:178-97. 1998
    ..In contrast, LSEs' weaknesses appeared to become especially accessible after failure. These results have implications for the mood-congruent cognition and self-esteem literatures...
  38. ncbi Social inequality in educational achievement and psychosocial adjustment throughout childhood: magnitude and mechanisms
    Amanda Sacker
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, UK
    Soc Sci Med 55:863-80. 2002
    ..and physical environments in which children are raised affects their resources in the domains of educational achievement and psychosocial adjustment...
  39. doi Mapping numerical magnitudes onto symbols: the numerical distance effect and individual differences in children's mathematics achievement
    Ian D Holloway
    Numerical Cognition Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:17-29. 2009
    ..To address these questions, we collected mathematics achievement measures from 6- to 8-year-olds as well as reaction times from a numerical comparison task...
  40. ncbi Pathways to mathematics: longitudinal predictors of performance
    Jo Anne LeFevre
    Institute of Cognitive Science, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Child Dev 81:1753-67. 2010
    ..The success of the model in accounting for performance highlights the need to understand the fundamental underlying skills that contribute to diverse forms of mathematical competence...
  41. pmc Environmental contributors to the achievement gap
    Marie Lynn Miranda
    Children s Environmental Health Initiative, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Neurotoxicology 30:1019-24. 2009
    ..Environmental exposures may contribute to the observed achievement gap. In particular, childhood lead exposure has been linked to a number of adverse cognitive outcomes...
  42. ncbi Prenatal marijuana and alcohol exposure and academic achievement at age 10
    Lidush Goldschmidt
    Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 3811 O Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 26:521-32. 2004
    The effects of prenatal marijuana and alcohol exposure on school achievement at 10 years of age were examined...
  43. ncbi Effects of cochlear implants on children's reading and academic achievement
    Marc Marschark
    National Technical Institute for the Deaf Rochester Institute of Technology, 52 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623, USA
    J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ 12:269-82. 2007
    This article presents a critical analysis of empirical studies assessing literacy and other domains of academic achievement among children with cochlear implants...
  44. doi Toward a science of exceptional achievement: attaining superior performance through deliberate practice
    K Anders Ericsson
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1172:199-217. 2009
    ....
  45. doi Faking the desire to learn: a clarification of the link between mastery goals and academic achievement
    Benoît Dompnier
    Pierre Mendes France University
    Psychol Sci 20:939-43. 2009
    Research on achievement goals has demonstrated that mastery goals positively impact achievement-related outcomes, but paradoxically hold an inconsistent relation with academic achievement...
  46. ncbi Teacher expectations, classroom context, and the achievement gap
    Clark McKown
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois 60607 7137, USA
    J Sch Psychol 46:235-61. 2008
    ..deviations higher than teacher expectations of African American and Latino students with similar records of achievement. In highly diverse low-PDT classrooms in Study 1 and highly diverse low-PDT mixed-grade classrooms in Study 2, ..
  47. pmc Physical education, obesity, and academic achievement: a 2-year longitudinal investigation of Australian elementary school children
    Richard D Telford
    Medical School, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Am J Public Health 102:368-74. 2012
    ..We determined whether physical education (PE) taught by specialists contributed to academic development and prevention of obesity in elementary school children...
  48. pmc Does money really matter? Estimating impacts of family income on young children's achievement with data from random-assignment experiments
    Greg J Duncan
    Department of Education, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA
    Dev Psychol 47:1263-79. 2011
    Social scientists do not agree on the size and nature of the causal impacts of parental income on children's achievement. We revisit this issue using a set of welfare and antipoverty experiments conducted in the 1990s...
  49. ncbi Personality and the goal-striving process: the influence of achievement goal patterns, goal level, and mental focus on performance and enjoyment
    Felissa K Lee
    Department of Management, University of Missouri Columbia 65211, USA
    J Appl Psychol 88:256-65. 2003
    ..theory (autonomy, control, and amotivated orientations) influence performance and enjoyment through achievement goal patterns, goal level, and mental focus. Data were collected from 284 students at 5 points in time...
  50. pmc Long-term cognition, achievement, socioemotional, and behavioral development of healthy late-preterm infants
    Matthew J Gurka
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 22908 0717, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:525-32. 2010
    To compare healthy late-preterm infants with their full-term counterparts from age 4 through 15 years for numerous standard cognitive, achievement, socioemotional, and behavioral outcomes.
  51. pmc The relationship of school absenteeism with body mass index, academic achievement, and socioeconomic status among fourth-grade children
    Suzanne D Baxter
    Institute for Families in Society, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA
    J Sch Health 81:417-23. 2011
    ..the South Carolina Budget and Control Board Office of Research and Statistics (ORS) to investigate the relationships of children's school absenteeism with body mass index (BMI), academic achievement, and socioeconomic status (SES).
  52. pmc Effects of collaborative group composition and inquiry instruction on reasoning gains and achievement in undergraduate biology
    Jamie Lee Jensen
    Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 10:64-73. 2011
    ..compared the effectiveness of collaborative group composition and instructional method on reasoning gains and achievement in college biology. Based on initial student reasoning ability (i.e...
  53. ncbi Unexpected improvement, decline, and stasis: a prediction confidence perspective on achievement success and failure
    Jason E Plaks
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Pers Soc Psychol 93:667-84. 2007
    ..The authors discuss the implications of these findings for the literature on achievement success and failure.
  54. ncbi Explaining individual differences in scholastic behaviour and achievement
    K V Petrides
    Institute of Education, University of London, UK
    Br J Educ Psychol 75:239-55. 2005
    This paper presents results from the first wave of a longitudinal study examining the effects of various psychosocial variables on scholastic achievement and behaviour at school.
  55. doi Longitudinal study of relations between school achievement and smoking behavior among secondary school students in Finland: results of the ESFA study
    Marjaana Pennanen
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Mannerheimintie, Helsinki, Finland
    Subst Use Misuse 46:569-79. 2011
    The aim of this study was to explore a longitudinal bi-directional relationship between school achievement and smoking behavior. The sample consists of 2,188 Finnish students in grades 7-9...
  56. ncbi School readiness and later achievement: replication and extension using a nationwide Canadian survey
    Elisa Romano
    School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6N5, Canada
    Dev Psychol 46:995-1007. 2010
    ..Similar to Duncan et al., (a) math skills were the strongest predictor of later achievement, (b) literacy and attention skills predicted later achievement, and (c) socioemotional behaviors did not ..
  57. doi Beginning school with asthma independently predicts low achievement in a prospective cohort of children
    Kathleen A Liberty
    Health Sciences Centre, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Chest 138:1349-55. 2010
    Concerns about the achievement of children with asthma and respiratory conditions are especially important in New Zealand, which has one of the world's highest rates of childhood asthma...
  58. pmc Reading achievement in relation to phonological coding and awareness in deaf readers: a meta-analysis
    Rachel I Mayberry
    Department of Linguistics, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0108, USA
    J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ 16:164-88. 2011
    ..These meta-analytic results indicate that PCA skills are a low to moderate predictor of reading achievement in deaf individuals and that other factors, most notably language ability, have a greater influence on reading ..
  59. doi Achievement goal promotion at university: social desirability and social utility of mastery and performance goals
    Céline Darnon
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale et Cognitive, Universite Blaise Pascal, Clermont Ferrand, France
    J Pers Soc Psychol 96:119-34. 2009
    The present research examines the ambivalence of achievement goal promotion at university, and more specifically in the psychology curriculum...
  60. ncbi ADHD and achievement: meta-analysis of the child, adolescent, and adult literatures and a concomitant study with college students
    Thomas W Frazier
    Section of Behavioral Medicine, The Cleveland Clinic, Shaker Medical Campus, OH 44104, USA
    J Learn Disabil 40:49-65. 2007
    ..The first study conducted a meta-analysis of the published literature since 1990 to determine the magnitude of achievement problems associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
  61. doi Substance use and misuse among 17- to 18-year-old Croatian adolescents: correlation with scholastic variables and sport factors
    Toni Modric
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia
    Subst Use Misuse 46:1328-34. 2011
    ..SUM) and the relation to physical activity/exercise/athletic participation (sport factors) and scholastic achievement are rarely studied in Croatia...
  62. ncbi School readiness and later achievement: a French Canadian replication and extension
    Linda S Pagani
    School Environment Research Group and Centre de Recherche de l Hôpital Sainte Justine, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Dev Psychol 46:984-94. 2010
    ..characteristics underlying kindergarten school readiness and second grade math, reading, and general achievement. We then extended this school readiness model by including motor skills as an additional element in the ..
  63. doi Physical activity and the achievement gap among urban minority youth
    Charles E Basch
    Department of Health and Behavior Studies, Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA
    J Sch Health 81:626-34. 2011
    ..youth, causal pathways through which low levels of physical activity and fitness adversely affects academic achievement, and proven or promising approaches for schools to increase physical activity and physical fitness among youth.
  64. doi Nonsymbolic numerical magnitude comparison: reliability and validity of different task variants and outcome measures, and their relationship to arithmetic achievement in adults
    Gavin R Price
    Numerical Cognition Laboratory, Department of Psychology, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, N6A 2K7, Canada
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 140:50-7. 2012
    ..employed yet it is currently unclear how these affect metrics of ANS acuity, and how these relate to arithmetic achievement. The present study investigates the reliability, validity and relationship to standardized measures of ..
  65. ncbi Achievement goals, competition appraisals, and the well- and ill-being of elite youth soccer players over two competitive seasons
    James W Adie
    Department of Psychology, Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, UK
    J Sport Exerc Psychol 32:555-79. 2010
    Grounded in the 2 x 2 achievement goal framework (Elliot & McGregor, 2001), the purpose of this study was to investigate the temporal relationships between achievement goals, competition appraisals and indices of psychological and ..
  66. ncbi Gender and achievement in clinical medical students: a path analysis
    D M de Saintonge
    Clinical Skills Centre, Department of Medical and Dental Education, St Bartholomew's and the Royal London Hospital School of Medicine Hospital, London, UK
    Med Educ 35:1024-33. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to discover how these interactions determined achievement. METHODS: A longitudinal study examined students on their first clinical firms...
  67. ncbi Developmental cascades: linking academic achievement and externalizing and internalizing symptoms over 20 years
    Ann S Masten
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Minneapolis, 55455, USA
    Dev Psychol 41:733-46. 2005
    ..Implications are discussed for developmental models of cascades, progressions, and preventive interventions...
  68. pmc Growth mixture modeling of academic achievement in children of varying birth weight risk
    Kimberly Andrews Espy
    Office of Research, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68688 0433, USA kespy2unl edu
    Neuropsychology 23:460-74. 2009
    ..that utilizes an integrated person- and variable-centered approach was applied to identify latent classes of achievement from a cohort of school-age children born at varying birth weights...
  69. pmc National differences in gender-science stereotypes predict national sex differences in science and math achievement
    Brian A Nosek
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4400, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:10593-7. 2009
    ..nation-level implicit stereotypes predicted nation-level sex differences in 8th-grade science and mathematics achievement. Self-reported stereotypes did not provide additional predictive validity of the achievement gap...
  70. ncbi Academic achievement of low birthweight children at age 11: the role of cognitive abilities at school entry
    N Breslau
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan 48202 3450, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 29:273-9. 2001
    We examine the extent to which deficits in academic achievement in low birthweight (LBW) children at age 11 are explained by deficits in cognitive abilities at school entry...
  71. ncbi The influence of parent education and family income on child achievement: the indirect role of parental expectations and the home environment
    Pamela E Davis-Kean
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    J Fam Psychol 19:294-304. 2005
    ..how socioeconomic status, specifically parents' education and income, indirectly relates to children's academic achievement through parents' beliefs and behaviors...
  72. ncbi Genetic and environmental influences on academic achievement trajectories during adolescence
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychol 42:514-32. 2006
    Most studies have considered the effects of particular characteristics on academic achievement individually, which means that little is known about how they function together...
  73. ncbi The relationship between compulsive behaviour and academic achievement across the three genetic subtypes of Prader-Willi syndrome
    J Zarcone
    Strong Center for Developmental Disabilities, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    J Intellect Disabil Res 51:478-87. 2007
    ..The focus of this paper is on the non-food-related compulsions in individuals with PWS and comparing differences across the three genetic subtypes of the syndrome...
  74. ncbi Association of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) polymorphism and academic achievement in a Chinese cohort
    Ting Kuang Yeh
    Science Education Center and Graduate Institute of Science Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan, ROC
    Brain Cogn 71:300-5. 2009
    ..In particular, the former performed significantly more poorly in the science and social science subtests. These findings provide evidence that affective factors might overwhelm cognitive abilities in high-stake tests like the BCT...
  75. pmc Fish consumption, mercury exposure, and their associations with scholastic achievement in the Seychelles Child Development Study
    Philip W Davidson
    University of Rochester, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Department of Pediatrics, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Neurotoxicology 31:439-47. 2010
    ..Changes in functional outcomes such as school achievement and behavior in exposed children and adolescents have not been examined...
  76. doi Goal achievement as a patient-generated outcome measure for stress urinary incontinence
    Jill L Milne
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
    Health Expect 12:288-300. 2009
    ..To explore women's goals and goal attainment for the conservative and surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI), and to examine the feasibility of Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) as an outcome measure in this population...
  77. ncbi Prenatal alcohol exposure and ability, academic achievement, and school functioning in adolescence: a longitudinal follow-up
    Karen K Howell
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 31:116-26. 2006
    ..Prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with learning, behavioral, and academic problems even in children without the fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)...
  78. ncbi Self-regulation, motivation, and math achievement in middle school: variations across grade level and math context
    Timothy J Cleary
    Department of Educational Psychology, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, PO Box 413, Milwaukee, WI 53201, United States
    J Sch Psychol 47:291-314. 2009
    The current study examined grade level, achievement group, and math-course-type differences in student self-regulation and motivation in a sample of 880 suburban middle-school students...
  79. ncbi Influences on cognitive engagement: epistemological beliefs and need for closure
    Teresa K Debacker
    University of Oklahoma, USA
    Br J Educ Psychol 76:535-51. 2006
    Research indicates that achievement goals influence cognitive engagement, which, in turn, influences academic achievement...
  80. ncbi Younger achievement age predicts shorter life for governors: testing the precocity-longevity hypothesis with artifact controls
    Stewart J H McCann
    Department of Behavioral and Life Sciences, University College of Cape Breton, Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 29:164-9. 2003
    ..hypothesis suggests that the prerequisites, concomitants, and consequences of early peaks in career achievement may foster the conditions for premature death...
  81. ncbi Relation of achievement motives, satisfaction with life, happiness and oral health in Romanian university students
    Alexandrina Lizica Dumitrescu
    Institute of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tromsø, 9037 Tromsø, Norway
    Oral Health Prev Dent 8:15-22. 2010
    The objective of the present study was to investigate whether achievement motives, satisfaction with life and happiness are associated with oral health behaviour and perceived gingival status.
  82. ncbi Children with adequate academic achievement scores referred for evaluation of school difficulties: information processing deficiencies
    N Singer-Harris
    Department of Psychiatry, Children s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Dev Neuropsychol 20:593-603. 2001
    Children (7-11 years old) with standardized academic achievement test scores in the normal range referred for evaluation of learning problems were compared to low-achieving children matched for age, sex, and nonverbal cognitive ability, ..
  83. ncbi Factors associated with academic achievement in children with type 1 diabetes
    Ann Marie McCarthy
    College of Nursing, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Diabetes Care 26:112-7. 2003
    To examine academic achievement in children with diabetes and to identify predictors of achievement.
  84. doi The predictive value of numerical magnitude comparison for individual differences in mathematics achievement
    Bert De Smedt
    Center for Parenting, Child Welfare, and Disabilities, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:469-79. 2009
    Although it has been proposed that the ability to compare numerical magnitudes is related to mathematics achievement, it is not clear whether this ability predicts individual differences in later mathematics achievement...
  85. ncbi Physical fitness and academic achievement in elementary school children
    Brandi M Eveland-Sayers
    Department of Health and Human Performance, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN 37132, USA
    J Phys Act Health 6:99-104. 2009
    ..The association between fitness and academic achievement, however, remains to be clarified, especially in young children...
  86. doi Gender variation in developmental trajectories of educational and occupational expectations and attainment from adolescence to adulthood
    Zena R Mello
    Department of Cognition and Development, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1670, USA
    Dev Psychol 44:1069-80. 2008
    ..Gender variation in expectations and attainment is discussed in light of historical changes, and future directions of research are proposed...
  87. ncbi Ambitious mothers--successful daughters: mothers' early expectations for children's education and children's earnings and sense of control in adult life
    Eirini Flouri
    Department of Psychology and Human Development, Institute of Education, University of London, London, UK
    Br J Educ Psychol 78:411-33. 2008
    ....
  88. ncbi Physical fitness and academic achievement in third- and fifth-grade students
    Darla M Castelli
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA
    J Sport Exerc Psychol 29:239-52. 2007
    The relationship between physical fitness and academic achievement has received much attention owing to the increasing prevalence of children who are overweight and unfit, as well as the inescapable pressure on schools to produce ..
  89. ncbi Financial strain, parenting behaviors, and adolescents' achievement: testing model equivalence between African American and European American single- and two-parent families
    L M Gutman
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
    Child Dev 70:1464-76. 1999
    ..tested the equivalence of a theoretical model of parenting behaviors linking financial strain to adolescents' achievement for African American and European American families and for single- and two-parent families...
  90. ncbi [Learning approaches, self-regulation and achievement in three European universities]
    Jesus De La Fuente
    Facultad de Humanidades u Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad de Almeria, Almeria, Spain
    Psicothema 20:705-11. 2008
    ..New lines of research are proposed based on the conclusions...
  91. doi The neural basis of academic achievement motivation
    Kei Mizuno
    Department of Physiology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1 4 3 Asahimachi, Abeno Ku, Osaka 545 8585, Japan
    Neuroimage 42:369-78. 2008
    ..We conclude that the putamen is critical for motivation in different domains and the extent of activity of the putamen may be pivotal to the motivation that drives academic achievement and thus academic successes.
  92. doi Change in teachers' ratings of attention problems and subsequent change in academic achievement: a prospective analysis
    N Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Psychol Med 40:159-66. 2010
    Recent research has documented a link between attention problems at school entry and later academic achievement. Little is known about the association of change in attention problems during the early school years with subsequent change ..
  93. pmc Mathematical ability of 10-year-old boys and girls: genetic and environmental etiology of typical and low performance
    Yulia Kovas
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    J Learn Disabil 40:554-67. 2007
    ..We conclude that low mathematical performance is the quantitative extreme of the same genetic and environmental factors responsible for variation throughout the distribution...
  94. ncbi Friendships, peer acceptance, and group membership: relations to academic achievement in middle school
    K R Wentzel
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA
    Child Dev 68:1198-209. 1997
    ..to examine relations of number of reciprocated friendships, peer acceptance, and group membership to academic achievement. In both samples, group membership was the most consistent predictor of grades over time...
  95. ncbi Patient-centered surgical outcomes: the impact of goal achievement and urge incontinence on patient satisfaction one year after surgery
    Sangeeta T Mahajan
    Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 194:722-8. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess factors that influence patient satisfaction 1 year after pelvic reconstructive surgery...
  96. ncbi Correlations between academic achievement and anxiety and depression in medical students experiencing integrated curriculum reform
    Yi Chun Yeh
    Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    Kaohsiung J Med Sci 23:379-86. 2007
    This study aimed to examine the correlations between academic achievement and levels of anxiety and depression in medical students who were experiencing curriculum reform...
  97. ncbi Striving for unwanted goals: stress-dependent discrepancies between explicit and implicit achievement motives reduce subjective well-being and increase psychosomatic symptoms
    Nicola Baumann
    Department of Human Sciences, University of Osnabruck, Osnabruck, Germany
    J Pers Soc Psychol 89:781-99. 2005
    ..studies investigated the relevance of affect regulation, stressful life events, and congruence between explicit achievement orientation and implicit achievement motive for subjective well-being and symptom formation...
  98. ncbi Reducing the racial achievement gap: a social-psychological intervention
    Geoffrey L Cohen
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Muenzinger Psychology Building, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Science 313:1307-10. 2006
    ..writing assignment, significantly improved the grades of African American students and reduced the racial achievement gap by 40%...
  99. ncbi Educational achievement and early school behavior as predictors of alcohol-use disorders: 35-year follow-up of the Woodlawn Study
    Rosa M Crum
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:75-85. 2006
    Using prospectively gathered data across a 35-year follow-up interval, we assessed the association of educational achievement and school behaviors with risk for the development of an alcohol-use disorder in adulthood.
  100. ncbi Adolescents' academic expectations and achievement
    C E Sanders
    Touch Research Institutes, University of Miami School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Florida 33101, USA
    Adolescence 36:795-802. 2001
    ..has indicated that adolescents' relationships with their mother influence their academic expectations and achievement. Substance use has also been found to have a strong influence on academic expectations and achievement...

Research Grants99

  1. Unilateral Hearing Loss in Children
    JUDITH LIEU; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..risk in children with UHL as compared to a control group of siblings with normal hearing, using a standardized achievement assessment; 2) Determine whether educational performance or behavioral problems increase or decrease in ..
  2. Brain Structure and Function in Adolescents after the Fontan Operation
    Jane Newburger; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Aim 3 will evaluate the relationship of brain MRI measures to academic achievement, cognition, and behavior...
  3. CANCER CENTER SUPPORT GRANT
    James K Willson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Dr. Willson is a highly qualified physician scientist with a long and distinguished history of scientific achievement and leadership;he has developed a clear vision for the center, which he initiated with a strategic planning ..
  4. NIH Director's Pioneer Award
    Karl Deisseroth; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. CELLULAR EFFECTS OF ANESTHETICS IN THE HEART
    Zeljko Bosnjak; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Our major achievement over the last several years has been the ability to perform electrophysiological studies of Ca2+, Na+ and K+ ..
  6. Sex Steroid Hormone Regulation of Drug Reinforcement
    Diane Lebesgue; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These experiences will facilitate achievement of my long term career objective, to conduct research in my own laboratory as a faculty member at a university ..
  7. Development & Malleability from Childhood to Adulthood
    Nicholas Ialongo; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..antisocial behavior, anxiety and depression: 1) aggressive/disruptive behaviors, and 2) poor school achievement Annual data on mental health, educational, substance use, abuse, and dependence outcomes and the hypothesized ..
  8. Targeting thermoreceptors for therapeutic hypothermia
    Sean P Marrelli; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The combination of difficult implementation, slow achievement of target temperature, and clinical complications associated with forced cooling limits the applicability and ..
  9. SOLID STATE RADIATION CHEMISTRY OF DNA
    WILLIAM BERNHARD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..b>Achievement of these objectives should make it possible to predict the composition and spatial distribution of the DNA ..
  10. SOLID STATE RADIATION CHEMISTRY OF DNA
    William A Bernhard; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Achievement of these objectives should make it possible to predict the composition and spatial distribution of the DNA ..
  11. Synthetic saccharides to study immunological properties of Streptococcus pneumoni
    ALEXEI DEMCHENKO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..However, the achievement of this is challenging for a number of reasons, major of which is low availability of pure isolates...
  12. TAHLC:Texting to promote Adolescent Health Liaisons & Chronic disease Management
    Jeannie Huang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..disease as well as negative effects on functional ability, psychiatric health and developmental milestone achievement. Currently, over 30% of adolescents have at least one chronic illness or disability...
  13. First Step: Home/School Intervention for Preschoolers with Disruptive Behaviors
    Edward Feil; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..problems in a number of domains including mental health, interpersonal relations, employment, and academic achievement. Longitudinal studies of the progression of antisocial behavior patterns among youth in the U.S...
  14. INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH MIDDLE SCHOOL PROJECT
    David Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..student understanding of the environmental health sciences as well as improved performance in overall academic achievement, higher-level thinking and problem-solving skills, behavior, and attitudes...
  15. INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH MIDDLE SCHOOL PROJECT
    David Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..student understanding of the environmental health sciences as well as improved performance in overall academic achievement, higher-level thinking and problem-solving skills, behavior, and attitudes...
  16. INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH MIDDLE SCHOOL PROJECT
    David Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..student understanding of the environmental health sciences as well as improved performance in overall academic achievement, higher-level thinking and problem-solving skills, behavior, and attitudes...
  17. INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH MIDDLE SCHOOL PROJECT
    David Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..student understanding of the environmental health sciences as well as improved performance in overall academic achievement, higher-level thinking and problem-solving skills, behavior, and attitudes...
  18. INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH MIDDLE SCHOOL PROJECT
    David Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..student understanding of the environmental health sciences as well as improved performance in overall academic achievement, higher-level thinking and problem-solving skills, behavior, and attitudes...
  19. INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH MIDDLE SCHOOL PROJECT
    David Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..student understanding of the environmental health sciences as well as improved performance in overall academic achievement, higher-level thinking and problem-solving skills, behavior, and attitudes...
  20. INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH MIDDLE SCHOOL PROJECT
    David Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..student understanding of the environmental health sciences as well as improved performance in overall academic achievement, higher-level thinking and problem-solving skills, behavior, and attitudes...
  21. Outcomes and Costs Associated with Frequency of Physician-Patient Visits on Hemod
    Areef Ishani; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..visit frequency is associated with a reduced patient hospitalization and mortality rate, greater achievement of dialysis clinical performance targets, greater utilization of preventative services, and greater Medicare ..
  22. Coaching Parents to Manage Youth Stress through Recreation and Culture
    Howard C Stevenson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The construct of RECS has been researched as a protective factor in many studies on academic achievement, anger expression, and depression among Black youth, so CRIs that are driven by RECS have potential in ..
  23. Phamacological modulation of epigenetic changes in AML
    Guido Marcucci; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..AML and high re-expression levels of the methylated ER gene, which in turn directly correlated with achievement of disease remission...
  24. Coaching Parents to Manage Youth Stress through Recreation and Culture
    Howard Stevenson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The construct of RECS has been researched as a protective factor in many studies on academic achievement, anger expression, and depression among Black youth, so CRIs that are driven by RECS have potential in ..
  25. Phamacological modulation of epigenetic changes in AML
    Guido Marcucci; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..AML and high re-expression levels of the methylated ER gene, which in turn directly correlated with achievement of disease remission...
  26. Promoting Early School Readiness in Primary Healthcare
    Alan L Mendelsohn; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Poverty is strongly related to disparities in early child development, school readiness and educational achievement. The early emergence and long-term persistence of disparities underscore the need for effective interventions ..
  27. COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICS
    MICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..that attenuate adverse internalizingand externalizing behaviors, co-occurring substance use & academic achievement problemsamong urban youth with communityviolence exposure...
  28. Support for Enhancement Excellence in Research at UPR RP
    Rafael Arce; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Recognizing that raising the level of achievement entails greater productivity and more emphasis on competitive research funding, the following goals have been ..
  29. Support for Enhancement Excellence in Research at UPR RP
    Rafael Arce; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Recognizing that raising the level of achievement entails greater productivity and more emphasis on competitive research funding, the following goals have been ..
  30. Brain Structure and Function in Adolescents after the Fontan Operation
    MICHAEL JOHN RIVKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Aim 3 will evaluate the relationship of brain MRI measures to academic achievement, cognition, and behavior...
  31. Support for Enhancement Excellence in Research at UPR RP
    Rafael Arce; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Recognizing that raising the level of achievement entails greater productivity and more emphasis on competitive research funding, the following goals have been ..
  32. Support for Enhancement Excellence in Research at UPR RP
    Rafael Arce; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Recognizing that raising the level of achievement entails greater productivity and more emphasis on competitive research funding, the following goals have been ..
  33. ROLES OF THE MYELIN BASIC PROTEINS IN MYELINOGENESIS
    David Colman; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..An essential step towards achievement of this goal is to precisely define the functional roles played by the myelin basic proteins (MBPs) over the ..
  34. Development & Malleability from Childhood to Adulthood
    Nicholas S Ialongo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..antisocial behavior, anxiety and depression: 1) aggressive/disruptive behaviors, and 2) poor school achievement Annual data on mental health, educational, substance use, abuse, and dependence outcomes and the hypothesized ..
  35. Discovery of the 6p21.3 Reading Disability Gene
    Jeffrey Gruen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Yet, RD is frequently unrecognized, leading to academic under-achievement with detrimental social and economic consequences...
  36. Focus on Learning
    JANET A WELSH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..for an efficacy trial which can evaluate its impact on the targeted parenting skills and on child learning and achievement in a rigorous randomized trial...
  37. Discovery of the 6p21.3 Reading Disability Gene
    Jeffrey R Gruen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Yet, RD is frequently unrecognized, leading to academic under-achievement with detrimental social and economic consequences...
  38. Focus on Learning
    JANET WELSH; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..for an efficacy trial which can evaluate its impact on the targeted parenting skills and on child learning and achievement in a rigorous randomized trial...
  39. ADMINISTRATIVE CORE
    Andrew C Heath; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..mechanism by which we seek support, from P50 to P60, requiring a strengthening and closer evaluation for achievement of our Outreach efforts...
  40. Mutational and evolutionary impact of mitochondrial dysfunction
    SUZANNE R ESTES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The achievement of this aim will confirm or deny the widely held, but unproven hypothesis that ROS of mitochondrial origin ..
  41. PREDICTING OUTCOME OF EXPERIMENTAL THERAPY IN LYMPHOMAS BY 31P & 1H MRS
    Fernando Arias Mendoza; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our clinical colleagues agree that successful achievement of this aim would help guide the use of more aggressive and novel therapies after a lymphoma patient has shown ..
  42. Randomized Trial of IFCBT-HIVPI to Prevent HIV Among Non-Injection Drug Users
    William Latimer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and secondary (HIV, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis incidences and legal involvement, academic achievement, and employment) outcome domains will be evaluated...
  43. B-Lymphocyte Immunotherapy in Islet Transplantation
    Ali Naji; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..However, despite initial achievement of an insulin independent state, a progressive loss of beta cell function culminates in the recurrence of ..
  44. B-Lymphocyte Immunotherapy in Islet Transplantation
    Ali Naji; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..However, despite initial achievement of an insulin independent state, a progressive loss of beta cell function culminates in the recurrence of ..
  45. B-Lymphocyte Immunotherapy in Islet Transplantation
    Ali Naji; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..However, despite initial achievement of an insulin independent state, a progressive loss of beta cell function culminates in the recurrence of ..
  46. B-Lymphocyte Immunotherapy in Islet Transplantation
    Ali Naji; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..However, despite initial achievement of an insulin independent state, a progressive loss of beta cell function culminates in the recurrence of ..
  47. DEVELOPMENT, TEMPERAMENT, AND VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT
    BARBARA SCHRAEDER; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The specific aims of the project are to: (1) Compare the school achievement, school and social adjustment, cognitive processing abilities and behavioral styles of children who were VLBW ..
  48. Effects of Psychopathology on Prefrontal Cortical Functioning During Goal-Directe
    Sharon L Thompson Schill; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by a decline in performance in tasks that require focused attention, inhibition, or action sequencing in goal achievement. Research in clinical psychology has revealed a similarly suboptimal cognitive style in the majority of ..
  49. Effects of Psychopathology on Prefrontal Cortical Functioning During Goal-Directe
    SHARON THOMPSON SCHILL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..by a decline in performance in tasks that require focused attention, inhibition, or action sequencing in goal achievement. Research in clinical psychology has revealed a similarly suboptimal cognitive style in the majority of ..
  50. Unilateral Hearing Loss in Children
    JUDITH LIEU; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..risk in children with UHL as compared to a control group of siblings with normal hearing, using a standardized achievement assessment; 2) Determine whether educational performance or behavioral problems increase or decrease in ..
  51. Unilateral Hearing Loss in Children
    JUDITH LIEU; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..risk in children with UHL as compared to a control group of siblings with normal hearing, using a standardized achievement assessment; 2) Determine whether educational performance or behavioral problems increase or decrease in ..
  52. Unilateral Hearing Loss in Children
    JUDITH LIEU; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..risk in children with UHL as compared to a control group of siblings with normal hearing, using a standardized achievement assessment;2) Determine whether educational performance or behavioral problems increase or decrease in children ..
  53. Parenting and Adolescents: A Pooled Data Analysis of Ethnically Diverse Families
    DIANE LESLIE HUGHES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Ethnic-racial disparities in achievement and mental health during adolescence, in which ethnic minority youth from African American, Hispanic, American Indian, and Asian backgrounds are at elevated ..
  54. Improving Fine Motor Skill Development to Promote Mathematical Ability
    DAVID GRISSMER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and continuing through at least 3rd grade suggests that fine motor skills is as strong a predictor of later achievement as measures of attention (executive function skills), and that fine motor skills predicts math better than ..
  55. MATH INTERVENTION FOR CHILDREN WITH LEUKEMIA
    Ida Moore; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The primary aim of this study is to determine if a math intervention can prevent a significant decline in math achievement in children with ALL who receive triple intrathecal therapy and systemic intermediate dose methotrexate...
  56. MATH INTERVENTION FOR CHILDREN WITH LEUKEMIA
    Ida Moore; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The primary aim of this study is to determine if a math intervention can prevent a significant decline in math achievement in children with ALL who receive triple intrathecal therapy and systemic intermediate dose methotrexate...
  57. MATH INTERVENTION FOR CHILDREN WITH LEUKEMIA
    Ida Moore; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The primary aim of this study is to determine if a math intervention can prevent a significant decline in math achievement in children with ALL who receive triple intrathecal therapy and systemic intermediate dose methotrexate...
  58. Improving Fine Motor Skill Development to Promote Mathematical Ability
    DAVID W GRISSMER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and continuing through at least 3rd grade suggests that fine motor skills is as strong a predictor of later achievement as measures of attention (executive function skills), and that fine motor skills predicts math better than ..
  59. MATH INTERVENTION FOR CHILDREN WITH LEUKEMIA
    Ida Moore; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The primary aim of this study is to determine if a math intervention can prevent a significant decline in math achievement in children with ALL who receive triple intrathecal therapy and systemic intermediate dose methotrexate...
  60. PRENATAL/EARLY INFANCY PROJECT FOLLOWUP
    David Olds; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..life course (fertility, education, work, and reliance on welfare) and child functioning (intelligence, school achievement, behavioral adaptation, and emotional adaptation); and 2) to examine the pathways through which the program ..
  61. MATH INTERVENTION FOR CHILDREN WITH LEUKEMIA
    Ida Moore; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The primary aim of this study is to determine if a math intervention can prevent a significant decline in math achievement in children with ALL who receive triple intrathecal therapy and systemic intermediate dose methotrexate...
  62. Neighborhoods, Speech Patterns, and Schooling
    Jens Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Previous research suggests use of AAVE is negatively associated with academic achievement, which could occur if AAVE makes it more difficult to read and write standard American English (SAE), or ..
  63. ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY PREDOCTORAL AND POSTDOCTORAL
    B Allen Hoffmann; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The standing committees are: Admission Committee, Graduate Achievement and Curriculum Committee and Steering Committee...
  64. ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY PREDOCTORAL AND POSTDOCTORAL
    B Allen Hoffmann; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The standing committees are: Admission Committee, Graduate Achievement and Curriculum Committee and Steering Committee...
  65. ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY PREDOCTORAL AND POSTDOCTORAL
    B Allen Hoffmann; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The standing committees are: Admission Committee, Graduate Achievement and Curriculum Committee and Steering Committee...
  66. ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY PREDOCTORAL AND POSTDOCTORAL
    B Allen Hoffmann; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The standing committees are: Admission Committee, Graduate Achievement and Curriculum Committee and Steering Committee...
  67. COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICS
    MICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..1993; Pynoos et al.,1987; Schwab-Stone et al.,1999; Singer et al., 1995). Academic achievement outcomes have been under explored, as have factors that protect youth against the adverse impact of community ..
  68. Mechanism-based, pro-cognitive therapies for schizophrenia
    DAVID JULIAN GERBER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a library of compounds, identify modulators of synaptic vesicle cycling and advance selected compound series to achievement of proof-of-concept in relevant animal models and a mature stage of lead optimization...
  69. COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICS
    MICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..1993; Pynoos et al.,1987; Schwab-Stone et al.,1999; Singer et al., 1995). Academic achievement outcomes have been under explored, as have factors that protect youth against the adverse impact of community ..
  70. COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICS
    MICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..1993;Pynoos et al.,1987;Schwab-Stone et al.,1999;Singer et al., 1995). Academic achievement outcomes have been under explored, as have factors that protect youth against the adverse impact of community ..
  71. COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICS
    MICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..1993; Pynoos et al.,1987; Schwab-Stone et al.,1999; Singer et al., 1995). Academic achievement outcomes have been under explored, as have factors that protect youth against the adverse impact of community ..
  72. Psychological Foundations of Mathematics Performance by Deaf and Hearing Students
    Marc Marschark; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..findings concerning the development of mathematical abilities in hearing children and empirical research and achievement data indicating that deaf students lag behind hearing age- mates in mathematical proficiencies...
  73. Short-Chain Dehydrogenases in Retinol/Sterol Metabolism
    Natalia Kedishvili; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Therefore, achievement of the goals of the parent grant will not be complete without considering the contribution of RDH-E2S...
  74. Ultrasound Imaging of Breast by Use of a Hemispheric Array and Inverse Scattering
    Robert C Waag; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Achievement of this objective will show the clinical feasibility of using non-- ionizing ultrasound imaging to screen for ..
  75. Ultrasound Imaging of Breast by Use of a Hemispheric Array and Inverse Scattering
    ROBERT WAAG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..b>Achievement of this objective will show the clinical feasibility of using non-- ionizing ultrasound imaging to screen for ..
  76. Psychological Foundations of Mathematics Performance by Deaf and Hearing Students
    MARC E MARSCHARK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..findings concerning the development of mathematical abilities in hearing children and empirical research and achievement data indicating that deaf students lag behind hearing age- mates in mathematical proficiencies...
  77. MBRS-IMSD Program at the University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Cen
    SONIA CASTRO FLORES; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of ethnic and racial minorities have to contend with a myriad of cultural and societal issues affecting basic achievement and academic proficiency, students with underlying talent and capability are too often not afforded the ..
  78. MINORTY BIOMEDICAL ENHANCEMENT AT UNIVERSITY OF PUERTO RICO AT HUMACAO
    CARMEN J HERNANDEZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..D. in the biomedical sciences. The program design facilitates the achievement of program student-centered objectives: develop solid skills in basic sciences, Mathematics and the English ..
  79. Conforming Positive Action Lessons to States' Academic Standards
    Carol Allred; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..skills, school leadership/administration skills, school organization, and both student behavior and academic achievement. Despite having strong evidence of effectiveness and being well established, PA faces a major challenge to ..
  80. MBRS-IMSD Program at the University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Cen
    SONIA CASTRO FLORES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of ethnic and racial minorities have to contend with a myriad of cultural and societal issues affecting basic achievement and academic proficiency, students with underlying talent and capability are too often not afforded the ..
  81. Memory Functioning in Children and Adolescents with Perinatal HIV Infection
    Sharon L Nichols; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and executive function contribute to problems in daily functioning (including medication adherence, academic achievement, and adaptive behavior)...
  82. MBRS-IMSD Program at the University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Cen
    Sonia Flores; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of ethnic and racial minorities have to contend with a myriad of cultural and societal issues affecting basic achievement and academic proficiency, students with underlying talent and capability are too often not afforded the ..
  83. TWO-YEAR TO FOUR-YEAR TRANSITION PROGRAM
    GLENN KUEHN; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..To assist achievement of this goal for Native American populations located in isolated reservations and pueblos throughout the state, ..
  84. PRECURSORS OF RETARDATION IN CHILDREN WITH TEEN MOTHERS
    John Borkowski; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..and outcome variables has been influenced by our interests in self- regulation, metacognitive theory, academic achievement, and socioemotional adjustment as the children proceed through childhood into adolescence...
  85. PRECURSORS OF RETARDATION IN CHILDREN WITH TEEN MOTHERS
    John Borkowski; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..and outcome variables has been influenced by our interests in self- regulation, metacognitive theory, academic achievement, and socioemotional adjustment as the children proceed through childhood into adolescence...
  86. PRECURSORS OF RETARDATION IN CHILDREN WITH TEEN MOTHERS
    John Borkowski; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..and outcome variables has been influenced by our interests in self- regulation, metacognitive theory, academic achievement, and socioemotional adjustment as the children proceed through childhood into adolescence...
  87. PRECURSORS OF RETARDATION IN CHILDREN WITH TEEN MOTHERS
    John Borkowski; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..and outcome variables has been influenced by our interests in self- regulation, metacognitive theory, academic achievement, and socioemotional adjustment as the children proceed through childhood into adolescence...
  88. The North Carolina Cleft Outcomes Study
    CYNTHIA HOUSTON CASSELL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..associated with short and long-term health outcomes of children with OFC, with a special focus on academic achievement (reading, writing, and math), behavioral/psychological outcomes (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)..
  89. Wireless Pain Intervention Program for At Risk Youths with Sickle Cell Disease
    Eufemia Jacob; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Eventually, these youths are at risk for poor academic achievement, decrease in quality of life, and other negative outcomes that may interfere with overall health...
  90. Wireless Pain Intervention Program for At Risk Youths with Sickle Cell Disease
    Eufemia Jacob; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Eventually, these youths are at risk for poor academic achievement, decrease in quality of life, and other negative outcomes that may interfere with overall health...
  91. Self-Generated Research Experiences to Support Biomedical/Behavioral Research Car
    LISA LINNENBRINK GARCIA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..threat'by including an incremental ability component to buoy perceived competence, interest, and achievement of URMs...
  92. Prevention and Promotion with Youth in Community-Based Afterschool Programs
    EMILIE SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to integrate into school settings due to rising demands for educational testing and accountability for student achievement (Mahoney &Zigler, 2006)...
  93. Prevention and Promotion with Youth in Community-Based Afterschool Programs
    Emilie P Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to integrate into school settings due to rising demands for educational testing and accountability for student achievement (Mahoney &Zigler, 2006)...
  94. Developmental Pathways to Dating Violence and Suicidal Behavior: The Healthy Teen
    Pamela Orpinas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..700 students);b) uses multiple methods (student surveys, teacher ratings, archival data on academic achievement and discipline, focus groups, and interviews;c) includes two samples of students (random and high-risk);d) ..
  95. Developmental Pathways to Dating Violence and Suicidal Behavior: The Healthy Teen
    Pamela Orpinas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..700 students);b) uses multiple methods (student surveys, teacher ratings, archival data on academic achievement and discipline, focus groups, and interviews;c) includes two samples of students (random and high-risk);d) ..