achievement

Summary

Summary: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Individual differences in non-verbal number acuity correlate with maths achievement
    Justin Halberda
    Johns Hopkins University, Ames Hall, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
    Nature 455:665-8. 2008
  2. ncbi Mapping numerical magnitudes onto symbols: the numerical distance effect and individual differences in children's mathematics achievement
    Ian D Holloway
    Numerical Cognition Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:17-29. 2009
  3. pmc Manganese exposure from drinking water and children's academic achievement
    Khalid Khan
    Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, United States
    Neurotoxicology 33:91-7. 2012
  4. ncbi Increased structure and active learning reduce the achievement gap in introductory biology
    David C Haak
    Department of Biology, Box 351800, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Science 332:1213-6. 2011
  5. ncbi Cross-national patterns of gender differences in mathematics: a meta-analysis
    Nicole M Else-Quest
    Villanova University, Department of Psychology, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:103-27. 2010
  6. pmc Cognitive predictors of achievement growth in mathematics: a 5-year longitudinal study
    David C Geary
    University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211 2500, USA
    Dev Psychol 47:1539-52. 2011
  7. ncbi A brief social-belonging intervention improves academic and health outcomes of minority students
    Gregory M Walton
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Science 331:1447-51. 2011
  8. pmc The relation of adiposity to cognitive control and scholastic achievement in preadolescent children
    Keita Kamijo
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, Illinois, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 20:2406-11. 2012
  9. ncbi The predictive value of numerical magnitude comparison for individual differences in mathematics achievement
    Bert De Smedt
    Center for Parenting, Child Welfare, and Disabilities, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:469-79. 2009
  10. ncbi Preschool executive functioning abilities predict early mathematics achievement
    Caron A C Clark
    Canterbury Child Development Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, NewZealand
    Dev Psychol 46:1176-91. 2010

Detail Information

Publications342 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Individual differences in non-verbal number acuity correlate with maths achievement
    Justin Halberda
    Johns Hopkins University, Ames Hall, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
    Nature 455:665-8. 2008
    ..that these individual differences in the present correlate with children's past scores on standardized maths achievement tests, extending all the way back to kindergarten...
  2. ncbi Mapping numerical magnitudes onto symbols: the numerical distance effect and individual differences in children's mathematics achievement
    Ian D Holloway
    Numerical Cognition Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:17-29. 2009
    ..To address these questions, we collected mathematics achievement measures from 6- to 8-year-olds as well as reaction times from a numerical comparison task...
  3. pmc Manganese exposure from drinking water and children's academic achievement
    Khalid Khan
    Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, United States
    Neurotoxicology 33:91-7. 2012
    ..Although adverse effects of Mn on cognitive function of the children indicate possible impact on their academic achievement little evidence on this issue is available...
  4. ncbi Increased structure and active learning reduce the achievement gap in introductory biology
    David C Haak
    Department of Biology, Box 351800, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Science 332:1213-6. 2011
    ..To date, programs that close the achievement gap between students from disadvantaged versus nondisadvantaged educational backgrounds have required extensive ..
  5. ncbi Cross-national patterns of gender differences in mathematics: a meta-analysis
    Nicole M Else-Quest
    Villanova University, Department of Psychology, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:103-27. 2010
    A gender gap in mathematics achievement persists in some nations but not in others...
  6. pmc Cognitive predictors of achievement growth in mathematics: a 5-year longitudinal study
    David C Geary
    University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211 2500, USA
    Dev Psychol 47:1539-52. 2011
    The study's goal was to identify the beginning of 1st grade quantitative competencies that predict mathematics achievement start point and growth through 5th grade...
  7. ncbi A brief social-belonging intervention improves academic and health outcomes of minority students
    Gregory M Walton
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Science 331:1447-51. 2011
    ..raised African Americans' grade-point average (GPA) relative to multiple control groups and halved the minority achievement gap...
  8. pmc The relation of adiposity to cognitive control and scholastic achievement in preadolescent children
    Keita Kamijo
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, Illinois, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 20:2406-11. 2012
    ..status to cognition in preadolescent children using a comprehensive assessment of cognitive control, academic achievement, and measures of adiposity...
  9. ncbi The predictive value of numerical magnitude comparison for individual differences in mathematics achievement
    Bert De Smedt
    Center for Parenting, Child Welfare, and Disabilities, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:469-79. 2009
    Although it has been proposed that the ability to compare numerical magnitudes is related to mathematics achievement, it is not clear whether this ability predicts individual differences in later mathematics achievement...
  10. ncbi Preschool executive functioning abilities predict early mathematics achievement
    Caron A C Clark
    Canterbury Child Development Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, NewZealand
    Dev Psychol 46:1176-91. 2010
    ..However, the utility and specificity of preschool executive function abilities in predicting later mathematical achievement are poorly understood...
  11. ncbi School readiness and later achievement
    Greg J Duncan
    School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Dev Psychol 43:1428-46. 2007
    ..readiness--school-entry academic, attention, and socioemotional skills--and later school reading and math achievement. In an effort to isolate the effects of these school-entry skills, the authors ensured that most of their ..
  12. ncbi Impact of executive function deficits and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on academic outcomes in children
    Joseph Biederman
    Pediatric Psychopharmacology Unit, Psychiatry Department, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 72:757-66. 2004
    ..ADHD with EFDs was associated with an increased risk for grade retention and a decrease in academic achievement relative to (a) ADHD alone, (b) controlled socioeconomic status, (c) learning disabilities, and (d) IQ...
  13. ncbi A 2 X 2 achievement goal framework
    A J Elliot
    Department of Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester, New York 14627 0266, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 80:501-19. 2001
    A 2 x 2 achievement goal framework comprising mastery-approach, mastery-avoidance, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance goals was proposed and tested in 3 studies...
  14. pmc Individual differences in inhibitory control, not non-verbal number acuity, correlate with mathematics achievement
    Camilla Gilmore
    Mathematics Education Centre, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e67374. 2013
    ..societies, there has been an increased interest in understanding the cognitive underpinnings of mathematical achievement. Recent research has proposed the existence of an Approximate Number System (ANS) which allows individuals to ..
  15. pmc Learner-centered inquiry in undergraduate biology: positive relationships with long-term student achievement
    Terry L Derting
    Department of Biological Sciences, Murray State University, KY 42071, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 9:462-72. 2010
    ..Studies that determine causal effects of learner-centered inquiry-based approaches, rather than correlative relationships, are needed to test our proposed explanation...
  16. ncbi A question of belonging: race, social fit, and achievement
    Gregory M Walton
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 92:82-96. 2007
    ..Two experiments tested how belonging uncertainty undermines the motivation and achievement of people whose group is negatively characterized in academic settings...
  17. ncbi Exploring the impact of phonological awareness, visual-spatial working memory, and preschool quantity-number competencies on mathematics achievement in elementary school: findings from a 3-year longitudinal study
    Kristin Krajewski
    German Institute of International Educational Research, Frankfurt, Germany
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:516-31. 2009
    ..awareness, working memory, and quantity-number competencies (QNC) for predicting mathematical school achievement in third graders (mean age 8 years 8 months)...
  18. pmc Chaotic homes and school achievement: a twin study
    Ken B Hanscombe
    King s College London, MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:1212-20. 2011
    ..Given that it is known that genes affect both children's experience of household chaos and their school achievement, to what extent is the relationship between high levels of noise and environmental confusion in the home, and ..
  19. ncbi Approximate number sense, symbolic number processing, or number-space mappings: what underlies mathematics achievement?
    Delphine Sasanguie
    Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, KU Leuven, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium Subfaculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, KU Leuven Kulak, B 8500 Kortrijk, Belgium
    J Exp Child Psychol 114:418-31. 2013
    ..Math achievement was measured with a timed arithmetic test and with a general curriculum-based math test to address the ..
  20. ncbi Predicting arithmetical achievement from neuro-psychological performance: a longitudinal study
    M Fayol
    LAPSCO CNRS Univerité Blaise Pascal, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Cognition 68:B63-70. 1998
    ....
  21. ncbi Health behaviour and academic achievement in Icelandic school children
    Inga Dora Sigfusdottir
    Icelandic Centre for Social Research nalysis, School of Health and Education, Reykjavik University, Ofanleiti 2, 103 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Health Educ Res 22:70-80. 2007
    Interest in the relationship between health behaviours and academic achievement has recently intensified in the face of an epidemic of childhood and adolescent obesity and converging school reforms in the United States and other nations ..
  22. pmc Short-term memory, working memory, and executive functioning in preschoolers: longitudinal predictors of mathematical achievement at age 7 years
    Rebecca Bull
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
    Dev Neuropsychol 33:205-28. 2008
    ..memory, working memory, and executive functioning in preschool children predict later proficiency in academic achievement at 7 years of age (third year of primary school)...
  23. ncbi Iron deficiency and cognitive achievement among school-aged children and adolescents in the United States
    J S Halterman
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY, USA
    Pediatrics 107:1381-6. 2001
    Iron deficiency anemia in infants can cause developmental problems. However, the relationship between iron status and cognitive achievement in older children is less clear.
  24. ncbi Association between basic numerical abilities and mathematics achievement
    Delphine Sasanguie
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Br J Dev Psychol 30:344-57. 2012
    ..measures of number representation are related to performance on a curriculum-based standardized mathematics achievement test in kindergarteners, first, second, and sixth graders...
  25. ncbi Physical fitness and academic achievement in third- and fifth-grade students
    Darla M Castelli
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA
    J Sport Exerc Psychol 29:239-52. 2007
    The relationship between physical fitness and academic achievement has received much attention owing to the increasing prevalence of children who are overweight and unfit, as well as the inescapable pressure on schools to produce ..
  26. ncbi Scholastic achievement at age 16 and risk of schizophrenia and other psychoses: a national cohort study
    J H MacCabe
    Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Psychol Med 38:1133-40. 2008
    ..We investigated whether school performance at age 16 is associated with risk of adult schizophrenia and other psychoses in a large national cohort, while controlling for multiple confounders...
  27. ncbi Rapid achievement of the child survival millennium development goal: evidence from the Navrongo experiment in Northern Ghana
    Fred N Binka
    School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana
    Trop Med Int Health 12:578-83. 2007
    ..To determine the impact of deploying nurses and volunteers to village locations on demographic and health outcomes...
  28. ncbi A meta-analytic review of achievement goal measures: different labels for the same constructs or different constructs with similar labels?
    Chris S Hulleman
    Department of Graduate Psychology and Center for Assessment and Research Studies, 821 S Main St, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA 22807, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:422-49. 2010
    This meta-analysis addresses whether achievement goal researchers are using different labels for the same constructs or putting the same labels on different constructs...
  29. pmc The approximate number system and its relation to early math achievement: evidence from the preschool years
    Justin W Bonny
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Exp Child Psychol 114:375-88. 2013
    ..Testing children across the preschool period, we found that ANS precision correlated with early math achievement but, critically, that this relation was nonlinear...
  30. ncbi Self-discipline outdoes IQ in predicting academic performance of adolescents
    Angela L Duckworth
    Positive Psychology Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:939-44. 2005
    ..report, and monetary choice questionnaires in the fall predicted final grades, school attendance, standardized achievement-test scores, and selection into a competitive high school program the following spring...
  31. pmc Gender, culture, and sex-typed cognitive abilities
    David Reilly
    School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Southport, Queensland, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e39904. 2012
    ..Educational and societal implications of such gender gaps are addressed, as well as the mechanisms by which gender differences in cognitive abilities are culturally mediated...
  32. ncbi Breakfast and the achievement gap among urban minority youth
    Charles E Basch
    Department of Health and Behavior Studies, Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA
    J Sch Health 81:635-40. 2011
    ..of breakfast consumption among school-aged urban minority youth, causal pathways through which skipping breakfast adversely affects academic achievement, and proven or promising approaches for schools to increase breakfast consumption.
  33. pmc Physical activity and obesity mediate the association between childhood motor function and adolescents' academic achievement
    Marko T Kantomaa
    LIKES Research Center for Sport and Health Sciences, FI 40720 Jyväskylä, Finland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:1917-22. 2013
    ..and physical inactivity may have detrimental implications for young people's cognitive function and academic achievement. This prospective study investigated whether childhood motor function predicts later academic achievement via ..
  34. pmc Adolescents' functional numeracy is predicted by their school entry number system knowledge
    David C Geary
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e54651. 2013
    ..kindergarten and participated in multiple assessments of intelligence, working memory, mathematical cognition, achievement, and in-class attentive behavior...
  35. pmc Do different types of school mathematics development depend on different constellations of numerical versus general cognitive abilities?
    Lynn S Fuchs
    Department of Special Education, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Dev Psychol 46:1731-46. 2010
    ..Language, attentive behavior, nonverbal problem solving, and listening span were uniquely predictive...
  36. ncbi Reducing the gender achievement gap in college science: a classroom study of values affirmation
    Akira Miyake
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA
    Science 330:1234-7. 2010
    ..tested the effectiveness of a psychological intervention, called values affirmation, in reducing the gender achievement gap in a college-level introductory physics class...
  37. pmc Physical education, obesity, and academic achievement: a 2-year longitudinal investigation of Australian elementary school children
    Richard D Telford
    Medical School, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Am J Public Health 102:368-74. 2012
    ..We determined whether physical education (PE) taught by specialists contributed to academic development and prevention of obesity in elementary school children...
  38. pmc Explicit and implicit second language training differentially affect the achievement of native-like brain activation patterns
    Kara Morgan-Short
    Department of Hispanic and Italian Studies, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1706 University Hall, MC 315, 601 S Morgan St, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 24:933-47. 2012
    ..Overall, the results suggest that adult foreign language learners can come to rely on native-like language brain mechanisms, but that the conditions under which the language is learned may be crucial in attaining this goal...
  39. ncbi The effects of physical activity and physical fitness on children's achievement and cognitive outcomes: a meta-analysis
    Alicia L Fedewa
    Department of Educational, School, and Counseling Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
    Res Q Exerc Sport 82:521-35. 2011
    ..However; the relationship between children's physical activity and academic achievement has been debated in the literature...
  40. ncbi Recursive processes in self-affirmation: intervening to close the minority achievement gap
    Geoffrey L Cohen
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Muenzinger Psychology Building, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Science 324:400-3. 2009
    ..of brief but structured writing assignments focusing students on a self-affirming value, reduced the racial achievement gap. Over 2 years, the grade point average (GPA) of African Americans was, on average, raised by 0...
  41. ncbi Association between television, movie, and video game exposure and school performance
    Iman Sharif
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital at Montefiore Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10467, USA
    Pediatrics 118:e1061-70. 2006
    ..The relationship between media exposure and school performance has not been studied extensively in adolescents...
  42. ncbi Developmental and individual differences in pure numerical estimation
    Julie L Booth
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Dev Psychol 42:189-201. 2006
    ..individual differences across tasks were also apparent, and all types of estimation skill were positively related to math achievement test scores. Implications for understanding of mathematics learning in general are discussed.
  43. ncbi Inside the brain of an elite athlete: the neural processes that support high achievement in sports
    Kielan Yarrow
    Department of Psychology, City University London, Northampton Square, London, EC1V OHB, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 10:585-96. 2009
    ..In this way we hope to inspire neuroscientists to consider how their basic research might help to explain sporting skill at the highest levels of performance...
  44. ncbi Sex differences in stress responses: social rejection versus achievement stress
    Laura R Stroud
    Brown University Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 52:318-27. 2002
    ..In particular, we predicted that women would show greater responses to social rejection stressors, whereas men would demonstrate greater responses to achievement stressors.
  45. ncbi Decreased latent inhibition is associated with increased creative achievement in high-functioning individuals
    Shelley H Carson
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 85:499-506. 2003
    ..achievers (participants under 21 years who reported unusually high scores in a single domain of creative achievement) were 7 times more likely to have low rather than high LI scores, chi2 (1, N = 25) = 10.69, phi = .47. p = .003.
  46. ncbi Reducing the racial achievement gap: a social-psychological intervention
    Geoffrey L Cohen
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Muenzinger Psychology Building, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Science 313:1307-10. 2006
    ..writing assignment, significantly improved the grades of African American students and reduced the racial achievement gap by 40%...
  47. pmc Academic achievement varies with gestational age among children born at term
    Kimberly G Noble
    Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, 630 W 168th St, P and S Box 16, New York, NY 10033, USA
    Pediatrics 130:e257-64. 2012
    The goal of this study was to examine the degree to which children born within the "normal term" range of 37 to 41 weeks' gestation vary in terms of school achievement.
  48. pmc Reading achievement in relation to phonological coding and awareness in deaf readers: a meta-analysis
    Rachel I Mayberry
    Department of Linguistics, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0108, USA
    J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ 16:164-88. 2011
    ..These meta-analytic results indicate that PCA skills are a low to moderate predictor of reading achievement in deaf individuals and that other factors, most notably language ability, have a greater influence on reading ..
  49. ncbi Can learning style predict student satisfaction with different instruction methods and academic achievement in medical education?
    Erol Gurpinar
    Department of Medical Education, Akdeniz University, Dumlupinar Bulvari Campus, Antalya 07040, Turkey
    Adv Physiol Educ 34:192-6. 2010
    ..the relation of learning styles with each of satisfaction with different instruction methods and academic achievement in them...
  50. ncbi A longitudinal examination of the link between youth physical fitness and academic achievement
    Rebecca A London
    John W Gardner Center for Youth and Their Communities, Stanford University, CA 94305, USA
    J Sch Health 81:400-8. 2011
    ..This article tracks students longitudinally to examine the ways student physical fitness and changes in fitness align with school performance...
  51. pmc Effects of collaborative group composition and inquiry instruction on reasoning gains and achievement in undergraduate biology
    Jamie Lee Jensen
    Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 10:64-73. 2011
    ..compared the effectiveness of collaborative group composition and instructional method on reasoning gains and achievement in college biology. Based on initial student reasoning ability (i.e...
  52. ncbi Relating emotional intelligence to social competence and academic achievement in high school students
    Paloma Gil-Olarte Márquez
    University of Cadiz, Spain
    Psicothema 18:118-23. 2006
    ..Most of the findings remained significant after personality and academic intelligence were statistically controlled. The potential utility of EI in the context of academic institutions is discussed...
  53. ncbi Faking the desire to learn: a clarification of the link between mastery goals and academic achievement
    Benoît Dompnier
    Pierre Mendes France University
    Psychol Sci 20:939-43. 2009
    Research on achievement goals has demonstrated that mastery goals positively impact achievement-related outcomes, but paradoxically hold an inconsistent relation with academic achievement...
  54. pmc Adolescent mental health, behavior problems, and academic achievement
    Jane D McLeod
    Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 53:482-97. 2012
    Prior research on the association of mental health and behavior problems with academic achievement is limited because it does not consider multiple problems simultaneously, take co-occurring problems into account, and control for ..
  55. ncbi The remote, the mouse, and the no. 2 pencil: the household media environment and academic achievement among third grade students
    Dina L G Borzekowski
    Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:607-13. 2005
    Media can influence aspects of a child's physical, social, and cognitive development; however, the associations between a child's household media environment, media use, and academic achievement have yet to be determined.
  56. ncbi Achievement goal promotion at university: social desirability and social utility of mastery and performance goals
    Céline Darnon
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale et Cognitive, Universite Blaise Pascal, Clermont Ferrand, France
    J Pers Soc Psychol 96:119-34. 2009
    The present research examines the ambivalence of achievement goal promotion at university, and more specifically in the psychology curriculum...
  57. ncbi Self-efficacy beliefs as shapers of children's aspirations and career trajectories
    A Bandura
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA 94305 2130, USA
    Child Dev 72:187-206. 2001
    ..Children's perceived efficacy rather than their actual academic achievement is the key determinant of their perceived occupational self-efficacy and preferred choice of worklife...
  58. ncbi The gender similarities hypothesis
    Janet Shibley Hyde
    University of Wisconsin Madison, Department of Psychology, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Am Psychol 60:581-92. 2005
    ..Overinflated claims of gender differences carry substantial costs in areas such as the workplace and relationships...
  59. ncbi Early predictors of high school mathematics achievement
    Robert S Siegler
    Carnegie Mellon University Psychology, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Sci 23:691-7. 2012
    ..we examined long-term predictors of high school students' knowledge of algebra and overall mathematics achievement. Analyses of large, nationally representative, longitudinal data sets from the United States and the United ..
  60. ncbi Unexpected improvement, decline, and stasis: a prediction confidence perspective on achievement success and failure
    Jason E Plaks
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Pers Soc Psychol 93:667-84. 2007
    ..The authors discuss the implications of these findings for the literature on achievement success and failure.
  61. ncbi Can we predict mathematical learning disabilities from symbolic and non-symbolic comparison tasks in kindergarten? Findings from a longitudinal study
    Annemie Desoete
    University Ghent, Belgium
    Br J Educ Psychol 82:64-81. 2012
    The ability to compare numbers, as the most basic form of number sense, has been related to arithmetical achievement.
  62. ncbi Media use and school achievement--boys at risk?
    Thomas Mössle
    Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony, Hannover, Germany
    Br J Dev Psychol 28:699-725. 2010
    ..By presenting first results of a school-based intervention programme, a promising approach to the reduction of detrimental effects of electronic media use on school performance is introduced...
  63. doi Diversity. Gender similarities characterize math performance
    Janet S Hyde
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, 1202 West Johnson Street, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Science 321:494-5. 2008
  64. ncbi Second-year medical students' motivational beliefs, emotions, and achievement
    Anthony R Artino
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814 4712, USA
    Med Educ 44:1203-12. 2010
    ..These affective factors have received less emphasis in the medical education literature...
  65. ncbi College students with and without ADHD: comparison of self-report of medication usage, study habits, and academic achievement
    Claire Advokat
    Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
    J Atten Disord 15:656-66. 2011
    To examine the relationship between ADHD medications, study habits, and academic achievement of ADHD-diagnosed undergraduates.
  66. ncbi Can achievement emotions be used to better understand motivation, learning, and performance in medical education?
    Anthony R Artino
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814 4712, USA
    Med Teach 34:240-4. 2012
    ..The overarching purpose of the article is to introduce medical education researchers to the notion of achievement emotions and provide a brief overview of how this work can inform the theory, research, and practice of medical ..
  67. ncbi Diversity. Gender similarities in mathematics and science
    Janet Shibley Hyde
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Science 314:599-600. 2006
  68. ncbi Predicting the academic achievement of gifted students with autism spectrum disorder
    Susan G Assouline
    Department of Quantitative and Psychological Foundations, College of Education, The University of Iowa, 600 Blank Honors Center, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 42:1781-9. 2012
    We are not well informed regarding the ability-achievement relationship for twice-exceptional individuals (very high cognitive ability and a diagnosed disability, e.g., autism spectrum disorder [ASD])...
  69. ncbi Sleep disturbances and teacher ratings of school achievement and temperament in children
    Oliviero Bruni
    Department of Developmental Neurology and Psychiatry, Center for Pediatric Sleep Disorders, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Sabelli 108, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Sleep Med 7:43-8. 2006
    The current study examined the relationships between academic achievement, sleep, temperament and demographic-historical data in school-age children.
  70. pmc Childhood and adolescent hyperactivity-inattention symptoms and academic achievement 8 years later: the GAZEL Youth study
    C Galera
    Child Psychiatry Department, Charles Perrens Hospital, University Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France
    Psychol Med 39:1895-906. 2009
    ..study examined the link between childhood hyperactivity-inattention symptoms (HI-s) and subsequent academic achievement in a community setting, controlling for other behavioural symptoms, socio-economic status (SES) and ..
  71. ncbi Behaviour and school achievement in patients with early and continuously treated phenylketonuria
    B A Stemerdink
    Department of Developmental, State University Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Inherit Metab Dis 23:548-62. 2000
    ..and educational level of both parents, on behaviour rating scales for parents and teachers as well as a school achievement scale...
  72. ncbi Ten-year follow-up of children born before 29 gestational weeks: health, cognitive development, behaviour and school achievement
    K Stjernqvist
    Department of Psychology, Lund University, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 88:557-62. 1999
    ..Health, cognitive development, school achievement and behaviour were measured...
  73. ncbi Modeling a cascade of effects: the role of speed and executive functioning in preterm/full-term differences in academic achievement
    Susan A Rose
    Department of Pediatrics, Kennedy Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine Children s Hospital at Montefiore, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Dev Sci 14:1161-75. 2011
    ..In the best-fitting structural equation model, the negative effects of prematurity on achievement were completely mediated by the three executive functions and speed in a cascade of effects: prematurity → ..
  74. ncbi The predictive validity of the MCAT for medical school performance and medical board licensing examinations: a meta-analysis of the published research
    Tyrone Donnon
    Medical Education and Research Unit, Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
    Acad Med 82:100-6. 2007
    ..To conduct a meta-analysis of published studies to determine the predictive validity of the MCAT on medical school performance and medical board licensing examinations...
  75. ncbi Pathways to mathematics: longitudinal predictors of performance
    Jo Anne LeFevre
    Institute of Cognitive Science, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Child Dev 81:1753-67. 2010
    ..The success of the model in accounting for performance highlights the need to understand the fundamental underlying skills that contribute to diverse forms of mathematical competence...
  76. ncbi Social inequality in educational achievement and psychosocial adjustment throughout childhood: magnitude and mechanisms
    Amanda Sacker
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, UK
    Soc Sci Med 55:863-80. 2002
    ..and physical environments in which children are raised affects their resources in the domains of educational achievement and psychosocial adjustment...
  77. ncbi Self-esteem and the cognitive accessibility of strengths and weaknesses after failure
    P G Dodgson
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Pers Soc Psychol 75:178-97. 1998
    ..In contrast, LSEs' weaknesses appeared to become especially accessible after failure. These results have implications for the mood-congruent cognition and self-esteem literatures...
  78. pmc Environmental contributors to the achievement gap
    Marie Lynn Miranda
    Children s Environmental Health Initiative, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Neurotoxicology 30:1019-24. 2009
    ..Environmental exposures may contribute to the observed achievement gap. In particular, childhood lead exposure has been linked to a number of adverse cognitive outcomes...
  79. ncbi Effects of cochlear implants on children's reading and academic achievement
    Marc Marschark
    National Technical Institute for the Deaf Rochester Institute of Technology, 52 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623, USA
    J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ 12:269-82. 2007
    This article presents a critical analysis of empirical studies assessing literacy and other domains of academic achievement among children with cochlear implants...
  80. ncbi Prenatal marijuana and alcohol exposure and academic achievement at age 10
    Lidush Goldschmidt
    Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 3811 O Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 26:521-32. 2004
    The effects of prenatal marijuana and alcohol exposure on school achievement at 10 years of age were examined...
  81. ncbi Toward a science of exceptional achievement: attaining superior performance through deliberate practice
    K Anders Ericsson
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1172:199-217. 2009
    ....
  82. ncbi Teacher expectations, classroom context, and the achievement gap
    Clark McKown
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois 60607 7137, USA
    J Sch Psychol 46:235-61. 2008
    ..deviations higher than teacher expectations of African American and Latino students with similar records of achievement. In highly diverse low-PDT classrooms in Study 1 and highly diverse low-PDT mixed-grade classrooms in Study 2, ..
  83. pmc Does money really matter? Estimating impacts of family income on young children's achievement with data from random-assignment experiments
    Greg J Duncan
    Department of Education, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA
    Dev Psychol 47:1263-79. 2011
    Social scientists do not agree on the size and nature of the causal impacts of parental income on children's achievement. We revisit this issue using a set of welfare and antipoverty experiments conducted in the 1990s...
  84. ncbi Explaining individual differences in scholastic behaviour and achievement
    K V Petrides
    Institute of Education, University of London, UK
    Br J Educ Psychol 75:239-55. 2005
    This paper presents results from the first wave of a longitudinal study examining the effects of various psychosocial variables on scholastic achievement and behaviour at school.
  85. pmc The relationship of school absenteeism with body mass index, academic achievement, and socioeconomic status among fourth-grade children
    Suzanne D Baxter
    Institute for Families in Society, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA
    J Sch Health 81:417-23. 2011
    ..the South Carolina Budget and Control Board Office of Research and Statistics (ORS) to investigate the relationships of children's school absenteeism with body mass index (BMI), academic achievement, and socioeconomic status (SES).
  86. ncbi Longitudinal study of relations between school achievement and smoking behavior among secondary school students in Finland: results of the ESFA study
    Marjaana Pennanen
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Mannerheimintie, Helsinki, Finland
    Subst Use Misuse 46:569-79. 2011
    The aim of this study was to explore a longitudinal bi-directional relationship between school achievement and smoking behavior. The sample consists of 2,188 Finnish students in grades 7-9...
  87. pmc Long-term cognition, achievement, socioemotional, and behavioral development of healthy late-preterm infants
    Matthew J Gurka
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 22908 0717, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:525-32. 2010
    To compare healthy late-preterm infants with their full-term counterparts from age 4 through 15 years for numerous standard cognitive, achievement, socioemotional, and behavioral outcomes.
  88. ncbi School readiness and later achievement: replication and extension using a nationwide Canadian survey
    Elisa Romano
    School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6N5, Canada
    Dev Psychol 46:995-1007. 2010
    ..Similar to Duncan et al., (a) math skills were the strongest predictor of later achievement, (b) literacy and attention skills predicted later achievement, and (c) socioemotional behaviors did not ..
  89. ncbi Personality and the goal-striving process: the influence of achievement goal patterns, goal level, and mental focus on performance and enjoyment
    Felissa K Lee
    Department of Management, University of Missouri Columbia 65211, USA
    J Appl Psychol 88:256-65. 2003
    ..theory (autonomy, control, and amotivated orientations) influence performance and enjoyment through achievement goal patterns, goal level, and mental focus. Data were collected from 284 students at 5 points in time...
  90. ncbi Developmental cascades: linking academic achievement and externalizing and internalizing symptoms over 20 years
    Ann S Masten
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Minneapolis, 55455, USA
    Dev Psychol 41:733-46. 2005
    ..Implications are discussed for developmental models of cascades, progressions, and preventive interventions...
  91. ncbi Beginning school with asthma independently predicts low achievement in a prospective cohort of children
    Kathleen A Liberty
    Health Sciences Centre, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Chest 138:1349-55. 2010
    Concerns about the achievement of children with asthma and respiratory conditions are especially important in New Zealand, which has one of the world's highest rates of childhood asthma...
  92. ncbi School readiness and later achievement: a French Canadian replication and extension
    Linda S Pagani
    School Environment Research Group and Centre de Recherche de l Hôpital Sainte Justine, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Dev Psychol 46:984-94. 2010
    ..characteristics underlying kindergarten school readiness and second grade math, reading, and general achievement. We then extended this school readiness model by including motor skills as an additional element in the ..
  93. ncbi Substance use and misuse among 17- to 18-year-old Croatian adolescents: correlation with scholastic variables and sport factors
    Toni Modric
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia
    Subst Use Misuse 46:1328-34. 2011
    ..SUM) and the relation to physical activity/exercise/athletic participation (sport factors) and scholastic achievement are rarely studied in Croatia...
  94. ncbi Physical activity and the achievement gap among urban minority youth
    Charles E Basch
    Department of Health and Behavior Studies, Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA
    J Sch Health 81:626-34. 2011
    ..youth, causal pathways through which low levels of physical activity and fitness adversely affects academic achievement, and proven or promising approaches for schools to increase physical activity and physical fitness among youth.
  95. ncbi ADHD and achievement: meta-analysis of the child, adolescent, and adult literatures and a concomitant study with college students
    Thomas W Frazier
    Section of Behavioral Medicine, The Cleveland Clinic, Shaker Medical Campus, OH 44104, USA
    J Learn Disabil 40:49-65. 2007
    ..The first study conducted a meta-analysis of the published literature since 1990 to determine the magnitude of achievement problems associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
  96. ncbi Gender and achievement in clinical medical students: a path analysis
    D M de Saintonge
    Clinical Skills Centre, Department of Medical and Dental Education, St Bartholomew's and the Royal London Hospital School of Medicine Hospital, London, UK
    Med Educ 35:1024-33. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to discover how these interactions determined achievement. METHODS: A longitudinal study examined students on their first clinical firms...
  97. ncbi Nonsymbolic numerical magnitude comparison: reliability and validity of different task variants and outcome measures, and their relationship to arithmetic achievement in adults
    Gavin R Price
    Numerical Cognition Laboratory, Department of Psychology, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, N6A 2K7, Canada
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 140:50-7. 2012
    ..employed yet it is currently unclear how these affect metrics of ANS acuity, and how these relate to arithmetic achievement. The present study investigates the reliability, validity and relationship to standardized measures of ..
  98. ncbi Achievement goals, competition appraisals, and the well- and ill-being of elite youth soccer players over two competitive seasons
    James W Adie
    Department of Psychology, Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, UK
    J Sport Exerc Psychol 32:555-79. 2010
    Grounded in the 2 x 2 achievement goal framework (Elliot & McGregor, 2001), the purpose of this study was to investigate the temporal relationships between achievement goals, competition appraisals and indices of psychological and ..
  99. ncbi Change in teachers' ratings of attention problems and subsequent change in academic achievement: a prospective analysis
    N Breslau
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Psychol Med 40:159-66. 2010
    Recent research has documented a link between attention problems at school entry and later academic achievement. Little is known about the association of change in attention problems during the early school years with subsequent change ..
  100. ncbi Relation of achievement motives, satisfaction with life, happiness and oral health in Romanian university students
    Alexandrina Lizica Dumitrescu
    Institute of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tromsø, 9037 Tromsø, Norway
    Oral Health Prev Dent 8:15-22. 2010
    The objective of the present study was to investigate whether achievement motives, satisfaction with life and happiness are associated with oral health behaviour and perceived gingival status.
  101. ncbi Ambitious mothers--successful daughters: mothers' early expectations for children's education and children's earnings and sense of control in adult life
    Eirini Flouri
    Department of Psychology and Human Development, Institute of Education, University of London, London, UK
    Br J Educ Psychol 78:411-33. 2008
    ....

Research Grants73

  1. Novel TIRF microscopy analyzing trafficking & signaling at the cell cortex
    Derek Toomre; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Consistent with the recovery act's goal, this funding will provide full-time summer employment for 4 undergraduate students and accelerate scientific achievement of the parent DP2 award.
  2. Sex Steroid Hormone Regulation of Drug Reinforcement
    Diane Lebesgue; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These experiences will facilitate achievement of my long term career objective, to conduct research in my own laboratory as a faculty member at a university ..
  3. INTERNET ENHANCED HEALTH PROMOTION FOR OBESE ETHNIC MINORITY ADOLESCENTS
    Jessica A Whiteley; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..be able to test whether or not the addition of the in-person and Internet behavioral coaching assists in the achievement and maintenance of a reduction in body fat via promotion of physical activity and a reduction in sedentary time...
  4. Prevention of Inherited Retinal Diseases by Therapeutic Rare Earth Nanoparticles
    JAMES FRANCIS MCGINNIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The successful achievement of our objectives should be directly relevant to most forms of inherited blindness in mice...
  5. Regulation of vaccine-induced anti-fungal T17 cells
    MARCEL WUETHRICH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Vaccines against infectious disease have been hailed as the greatest achievement in public health over the last century...
  6. A Rodent Model to Study Links Among Diet, Visceral Adipose and Cardiomyopathy
    MELINDA ANN FRYE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..With this solid foundation, Dr. Frye would devote the latter 3 years to achievement of stated aims, development of advanced skills, fostering collaboration, publication, and transition to ..
  7. Epidemiology and Etiology of Hospitalized Pneumonia in Children
    Krow Ampofo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The successful achievement of these Specific Aims will allow us to determine the incidence and etiology of pediatric hospitalized ..
  8. Targeting thermoreceptors for therapeutic hypothermia
    Sean P Marrelli; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The combination of difficult implementation, slow achievement of target temperature, and clinical complications associated with forced cooling limits the applicability and ..
  9. Lipoprotein Structure and Function by Individual Particle Electron Tomography
    Gang Ren; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..there may be unexpected difficulties in using this new approach, considering my rich cryoEM experience and achievement in various lipoprotein structure studies in the last few years (12 peer-reviewed articles,leading5 articles in ..
  10. Classical and non-classical responses to vitamin D in children: the role of DBP g
    Thomas O Carpenter; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and toddlers in the demographic most closely associated with reports of vitamin D deficiency by assessing the achievement of target levels of 25-OHD in the selected genotypes at the two dosing levels...
  11. Quality Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS): high-quality care
    Francesca Tentori; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Mortality risk of patients treated in dialysis units with greater achievement of quality indicators is lower, and certain quality indicators will soon affect the dialysis reimbursement rate ..
  12. Routine Aspiration of Residual Gastric Contents in Very Low Birth Weight Infants
    Leslie A Parker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..improves care or reduces complications and may actually contribute to complications including a delay in achievement of full enteral feedings...
  13. Treatment of breast cancer tumor growth and metastasis with an anti-MMP-9 DNAzyme
    MIRANDA A HALLETT; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Towards the achievement of this goal we propose to (1) determine the minimum effective dose of AM9D needed to significantly decrease ..
  14. Treatment of Acute Coronary Syndromes with Recombinant LCAT Infusion
    BRIAN ROBERT KRAUSE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..b>Achievement of these specific aims will enable application to the FDA for approval to test rhLCAT safety and efficacy in ..
  15. FAMU RCMI Pharmaceutical Research Center
    Karam F A Soliman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The EP will identify challenges, ineffective use of resources;ensure achievement of milestones;and provide ongoing guidance toward corrective actions...
  16. Transplant Associated Infection Surveillance Network Phase II
    PETER GEORGE PAPPAS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The achievement of these goals will provide critically important insights into the key modifiable risk factors associated with ..
  17. NIH Director's Pioneer Award
    Karl Deisseroth; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Photocrosslinking characterization of heat-labile toxin glycoreceptors
    Amberlyn M Wands; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..GlcNDAz), such as those possessing N- acetyllactosamine structures. These experiments will mark an important achievement in understanding the relevant proteins involved in ETEC mediated disease, and thus uncover novel therapeutic ..
  19. Defining the role of the tumor-initiating cell niche in breast cancer
    Mei Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..I will be using new experimental approaches to enhance my research skills. This is essential for the achievement of my long term goal of being an independent investigator in an academic institution to investigate the ..
  20. Role of serum amyloid A in interferon-gamma expression and T helper 1 cell differ
    Rong Lucy He; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Achievement of this goal will expand the current understanding of adaptive immunity and lead to exploration new therapeutic ..
  21. Identification, Discovery, and Public Archiving of RNA Structural Motifs
    Shaojie Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..With the achievement of these two goals, we propose to build a database for archiving motif instances identified by our new search ..
  22. Phase 2a Study of Ataluren in Hemophilia A and B (IND 104,321)
    JAY A BARTH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Successful achievement of study goals would support a registration- directed development program that could lead to regulatory ..
  23. Glioma immunotherapy with strategies based on autonomous parvovirus MVMp
    JUSTIN COBB PAGLINO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..training in the responsible conduct of research, presentation at conferences, and specific target dates for the achievement of goals that include completion and publication of data described in my specific aims, committee guidance for ..
  24. STUDIES ON THE STRUCTURE OF BASEMENT MEMBRANES
    BILLY GERALD HUDSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The achievement of these aims will result in novel insights into mechanisms that can serve as a platform for developing ..
  25. Using Microfluidic Affinity Analysis to Probe Transcriptional Regulation
    POLLY MORRELL FORDYCE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In a watershed achievement, the Human Genome Project (HGP) recently sequenced the entire human genome, providing a wealth of information about potential genes and regulatory sequences...
  26. Development of a Chlamydia T Cell Vaccine Based on Dendritic Cell Immunoprotemics
    Leonard J Foster; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Funding for this project will accelerate progress toward a Chlamydia vaccine, which will be a major medical achievement for global health...
  27. Synthetic saccharides to study immunological properties of Streptococcus pneumoni
    Alexei V Demchenko; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..However, the achievement of this is challenging for a number of reasons, major of which is low availability of pure isolates...
  28. EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS INDUCE SPECIFIC GRAFT TOLERANCE
    Nicholas Zavazava; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..cell fusion of HPCs with host cells post transplantation. Achievement of these goals will establish ESC as a new source of hematopoietic cells that can be used for tolerance ..
  29. The 24th Annual Symposium on Career Opportunities in Health Professions from Apri
    Thomas Adams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The Summative Evaluation component of the Symposium will address the immediate achievement of learning objectives and long-term impact goals of becoming a health care professional...
  30. INTERPLAYS BETWEEN THE JAW MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS AND T LYMPHOCYTES
    Yufang Shi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This achievement is critical for the proposed studies because isolation and expansion of mouse OFMSCs are difficult and reliant ..
  31. Dissemination of Patient-Centered Outcomes Research in Hepatitis C Virus to Infec
    David L Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..24 This proposal will directly support the achievement of two of the Healthy People 2020 goals 25 related to hepatitis C virus - the goal of increasing the awareness ..
  32. Calcium Signaling in a Model of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy
    Karen S Wilcox; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The combined use of TPS with the stable expression of Lck-GCaMP3 in cells of the HC is a technical achievement that will contribute to our understanding of the functional role of KAR expression in astrocytes following ..
  33. Mechanisms Underlying the Association between Maternal and Offspring Obesity
    PAULA CATHERINE CHANDLER-LANEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..protocols, and a three-member career advisory panel that will monitor the progress of my career and the achievement of my short- and long-term goals...
  34. Highly finished chromosome-based genome assembly for Anopheles gambiae
    Igor V Sharakhov; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..analysis, as well as the expertise of the PI and Co-PI in cytogenetics and genomics, will ensure successful achievement of the project's goals. Briefly, the project's specific aims are to 1...
  35. How does misregulation of PI3,5P2 signaling lead to neurodegeneration?
    Lois S Weisman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will test whether PI3,5P2 in mice can be generated in the absence of Fab1/PIKfyve. Achievement of these aims will provide insights into the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative disorders and may ultimately ..
  36. Ophthalmologic Follow-up Care for Children Born Very-Low-Birth-Weight
    CHIHHUNG JASON WANG; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..infants have significant ophthalmologic morbidity, which impacts on their cognitive development and educational achievement. The findings will have important public health implications for tracking their health, development, and ..
  37. From Child Maltreatment to Adolescent Substance Abuse: Risks, Protective Factors
    Penelope K Trickett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of other problems, including anxiety and depression;aggression and delinquency;cognitive delays and school achievement problems;problems with interpersonal relationships;and health problems...
  38. ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY FOR ASSAYING CANCER-DRUG RESISTANCE
    Mark Lim; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Achievement of key milestones during Phase I included: i) the demonstration that DRAMA-ACD could detect mutant BCR-ABL ..
  39. Enhancing Pathogen-specific Memory CD8+ T cell Responses in Vivo
    GREGOIRE STEPHANE LAUVAU; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Current research indicates that the achievement of such goals involves optimizing three distinct signals during vaccination, which are antigen presentation, co-..
  40. Therapeutic to Reduce Acute Inflammation Following Cardiac Ischemia
    ELISABETH M ALICOT-CARROLL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Successful achievement of the goals of the Phase II application will lead to testing of the therapeutics in Phase I clinical trials...
  41. Sox9-mediated control of chondrogenesis
    VERONIQUE M LEFEBVRE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We anticipate that the achievement of this project will lead to a deeper knowledge of the mechanisms that govern the multi-step differentiation ..
  42. EFFECTS OF BARIATRIC SURGERY ON GLUCOSE HOMEOSTASIS IN TYPE-2 DIABETES
    Samuel Klein; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The achievement of these aims will provide important physiological and clinical knowledge regarding the effect of bariatric (..
  43. First Step: Home/School Intervention for Preschoolers with Disruptive Behaviors
    HILL M WALKER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..problems in a number of domains including mental health, interpersonal relations, employment, and academic achievement. Longitudinal studies of the progression of antisocial behavior patterns among youth in the U.S...
  44. Brain Structure and Function in Adolescents after the Fontan Operation
    MICHAEL JOHN RIVKIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Aim 3 will evaluate the relationship of brain MRI measures to academic achievement, cognition, and behavior...
  45. UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS SPORE IN LUNG CANCER
    John D Minna; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Achievement of the aims and objectives of this proposal will result in a major decrease in the incidence, morbidity and ..
  46. SOLID STATE RADIATION CHEMISTRY OF DNA
    Jeffrey J Hayes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..b>Achievement of these objectives should make it possible to predict the composition and spatial distribution of the DNA ..
  47. Genesis of Epithelial Cell Lumens
    Jennifer L Harder; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Her achievement of these immediate goals will place her in good position to successfully compete for funding to launch her ..
  48. Preservation of mucosal barrier in surgical diseases
    Xiao Di Tan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Achievement of these specific aims and confirmation of our hypotheses will provide the novel mechanistic information that ..
  49. Modifying Lifestyle in Prehypertensive Older Rural Women
    CAROL HALL PULLEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The project's primary outcomes will be change in and criterion level achievement for healthy eating, physical activity and blood pressure at 6 &12 months during the intervention and at 18 &..
  50. Coaching Parents to Manage Youth Stress through Recreation and Culture
    Howard C Stevenson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The construct of RECS has been researched as a protective factor in many studies on academic achievement, anger expression, and depression among Black youth, so CRIs that are driven by RECS have potential in ..
  51. Subjective Well-Being Over The Life Course
    STEPHEN JONATHAN MACHIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..There will be eight state variables: well-being;conduct/criminality;physical health;cognitive achievement;and (as adults) employment;welfare receipt;income;and family functioning...
  52. TRAINING PROGRAM IN ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM
    John P Bilezikian; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..mechanism for over 45 years and presents a record among its graduates of superb training and major academic achievement. The central features of the Program include intensive research in the laboratory of the participating faculty ..
  53. Transcranial Sonothrombolysis with Diagnostic Ultrasound
    Thilo Hoelscher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Noninvasive 'Image-Guided Sonothrombolysis'at the bedside or even in the ambulance vehicle would be a major achievement in stroke therapy.
  54. Chemical Biodiversity: Investigating the Phylogeny and Functional Toxins of Venom
    MANDE N HOLFORD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A thorough mentoring plan will address development needs as they refer to the PIs scientific achievement, training of students and postdoctoral fellows, and independent career advancement...
  55. The North Carolina Cleft Outcomes Study
    Ronald P Strauss; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..associated with short and long-term health outcomes of children with OFC, with a special focus on academic achievement (reading, writing, and math), behavioral/psychological outcomes (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)..
  56. Cholinergic Mechanisms in Spatial Attention
    Anita A Disney; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The Salk Institute is the ideal training environment for the achievement of these goals. Dr...
  57. SOMATIC CELL TRANSFER TO MODEL MEDULLOBLASTOMA IN MICE
    DANIEL WEBSTER FULTS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Spinal metastasis is a highly unfavorable prognostic factor for patients with MBs. Achievement of these aims will make it possible to translate the mechanistic discoveries to molecular targeted therapies ..
  58. Defining the role of the tumor-initiating cell niche in breast cancer
    Mei Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..I will be using new experimental approaches to enhance my research skills. This is essential for the achievement of my long term goal of being an independent investigator in an academic institution to investigate the ..
  59. Discovery of the 6p21.3 Reading Disability Gene
    Jeffrey R Gruen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Yet, RD is frequently unrecognized, leading to academic under-achievement with detrimental social and economic consequences...
  60. The role of peroxidasin in Goodpasture's disease
    ABRAHAM SCOTT MCCALL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The achievement of these aims will provide insight into a novel mechanism of autoimmune disease pathogenesis and potentially ..
  61. Training in Lung Molecular and Cell Pathobiology-Phase II
    Joseph A Lasky; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The wide range of research activities at the cell and molecular level in lung disease, the track record of achievement and training by the faculty, the development of excellent research experience for our trainees, the ..
  62. Studies of a Novel Therapeutic Target in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)
    Ravi Salgia; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Conduct an anti-c-Met phase I/I I clinical trial against NSCLC. Through the achievement of the goals proposed in these specific aims, we will arrive at novel therapy against c- Met in lung cancer...
  63. INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH MIDDLE SCHOOL PROJECT
    David Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..student understanding of the environmental health sciences as well as improved performance in overall academic achievement, higher-level thinking and problem-solving skills, behavior, and attitudes...
  64. Effects of Psychopathology on Prefrontal Cortical Functioning During Goal-Directe
    Sharon L Thompson Schill; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by a decline in performance in tasks that require focused attention, inhibition, or action sequencing in goal achievement. Research in clinical psychology has revealed a similarly suboptimal cognitive style in the majority of ..
  65. Unilateral Hearing Loss in Children
    JUDITH LIEU; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..risk in children with UHL as compared to a control group of siblings with normal hearing, using a standardized achievement assessment;2) Determine whether educational performance or behavioral problems increase or decrease in children ..
  66. Improving Fine Motor Skill Development to Promote Mathematical Ability
    DAVID W GRISSMER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and continuing through at least 3rd grade suggests that fine motor skills is as strong a predictor of later achievement as measures of attention (executive function skills), and that fine motor skills predicts math better than ..
  67. MATH INTERVENTION FOR CHILDREN WITH LEUKEMIA
    Ida Moore; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The primary aim of this study is to determine if a math intervention can prevent a significant decline in math achievement in children with ALL who receive triple intrathecal therapy and systemic intermediate dose methotrexate...
  68. Mechanism-based, pro-cognitive therapies for schizophrenia
    DAVID JULIAN GERBER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a library of compounds, identify modulators of synaptic vesicle cycling and advance selected compound series to achievement of proof-of-concept in relevant animal models and a mature stage of lead optimization...
  69. COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICS
    MICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..1993;Pynoos et al.,1987;Schwab-Stone et al.,1999;Singer et al., 1995). Academic achievement outcomes have been under explored, as have factors that protect youth against the adverse impact of community ..
  70. MBRS-IMSD Program at the University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Cen
    SONIA CASTRO FLORES; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of ethnic and racial minorities have to contend with a myriad of cultural and societal issues affecting basic achievement and academic proficiency, students with underlying talent and capability are too often not afforded the ..
  71. Conforming Positive Action Lessons to States' Academic Standards
    Carol Allred; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..skills, school leadership/administration skills, school organization, and both student behavior and academic achievement. Despite having strong evidence of effectiveness and being well established, PA faces a major challenge to ..
  72. Wireless Pain Intervention Program for At Risk Youths with Sickle Cell Disease
    Eufemia Jacob; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Eventually, these youths are at risk for poor academic achievement, decrease in quality of life, and other negative outcomes that may interfere with overall health...
  73. Developmental Pathways to Dating Violence and Suicidal Behavior: The Healthy Teen
    Pamela Orpinas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..700 students);b) uses multiple methods (student surveys, teacher ratings, archival data on academic achievement and discipline, focus groups, and interviews;c) includes two samples of students (random and high-risk);d) ..