Genomes and Genes
Summary: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.
Publications263 found, 100 shown here
- The role of achievement goal orientations in students' perceptions of and preferences for classroom environmentAnna Tapola
University of Helsinki, Department of Education, Finland
Br J Educ Psychol 78:291-312. 2008Recent research on achievement motivation has begun to examine the effects of environmental factors affecting students' motivational beliefs and goal tendencies...
- Individual differences in non-verbal number acuity correlate with maths achievementJustin Halberda
Johns Hopkins University, Ames Hall, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
Nature 455:665-8. 2008..that these individual differences in the present correlate with children's past scores on standardized maths achievement tests, extending all the way back to kindergarten...
- Predicting arithmetical achievement from neuro-psychological performance: a longitudinal studyM Fayol
LAPSCO CNRS Univerité Blaise Pascal, Clermont Ferrand, France
Cognition 68:B63-70. 1998....
- Mapping numerical magnitudes onto symbols: the numerical distance effect and individual differences in children's mathematics achievementIan D Holloway
Numerical Cognition Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada
J Exp Child Psychol 103:17-29. 2009..To address these questions, we collected mathematics achievement measures from 6- to 8-year-olds as well as reaction times from a numerical comparison task...
- Iron deficiency and cognitive achievement among school-aged children and adolescents in the United StatesJ S Halterman
Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY, USA
Pediatrics 107:1381-6. 2001Iron deficiency anemia in infants can cause developmental problems. However, the relationship between iron status and cognitive achievement in older children is less clear.
- Inside the brain of an elite athlete: the neural processes that support high achievement in sportsKielan Yarrow
Department of Psychology, City University London, Northampton Square, London, EC1V OHB, UK
Nat Rev Neurosci 10:585-96. 2009..In this way we hope to inspire neuroscientists to consider how their basic research might help to explain sporting skill at the highest levels of performance...
- Prenatal marijuana and alcohol exposure and academic achievement at age 10Lidush Goldschmidt
Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 3811 O Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Neurotoxicol Teratol 26:521-32. 2004The effects of prenatal marijuana and alcohol exposure on school achievement at 10 years of age were examined...
- Environmental contributors to the achievement gapMarie Lynn Miranda
Children s Environmental Health Initiative, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Neurotoxicology 30:1019-24. 2009..Environmental exposures may contribute to the observed achievement gap. In particular, childhood lead exposure has been linked to a number of adverse cognitive outcomes...
- Effects of cochlear implants on children's reading and academic achievementMarc Marschark
National Technical Institute for the Deaf Rochester Institute of Technology, 52 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623, USA
J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ 12:269-82. 2007This article presents a critical analysis of empirical studies assessing literacy and other domains of academic achievement among children with cochlear implants...
- Social inequality in educational achievement and psychosocial adjustment throughout childhood: magnitude and mechanismsAmanda Sacker
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, UK
Soc Sci Med 55:863-80. 2002..and physical environments in which children are raised affects their resources in the domains of educational achievement and psychosocial adjustment...
- The influence of parent education and family income on child achievement: the indirect role of parental expectations and the home environmentPamela E Davis-Kean
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
J Fam Psychol 19:294-304. 2005..how socioeconomic status, specifically parents' education and income, indirectly relates to children's academic achievement through parents' beliefs and behaviors...
- Children with adequate academic achievement scores referred for evaluation of school difficulties: information processing deficienciesN Singer-Harris
Department of Psychiatry, Children s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Dev Neuropsychol 20:593-603. 2001Children (7-11 years old) with standardized academic achievement test scores in the normal range referred for evaluation of learning problems were compared to low-achieving children matched for age, sex, and nonverbal cognitive ability, ..
- The neural basis of academic achievement motivationKei Mizuno
Department of Physiology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1 4 3 Asahimachi, Abeno Ku, Osaka 545 8585, Japan
Neuroimage 42:369-78. 2008..We conclude that the putamen is critical for motivation in different domains and the extent of activity of the putamen may be pivotal to the motivation that drives academic achievement and thus academic successes.
- Ambitious mothers--successful daughters: mothers' early expectations for children's education and children's earnings and sense of control in adult lifeEirini Flouri
Department of Psychology and Human Development, Institute of Education, University of London, London, UK
Br J Educ Psychol 78:411-33. 2008....
- Factors associated with academic achievement in children with type 1 diabetesAnn Marie McCarthy
College of Nursing, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
Diabetes Care 26:112-7. 2003To examine academic achievement in children with diabetes and to identify predictors of achievement.
- Influences on cognitive engagement: epistemological beliefs and need for closureTeresa K Debacker
University of Oklahoma, USA
Br J Educ Psychol 76:535-51. 2006Research indicates that achievement goals influence cognitive engagement, which, in turn, influences academic achievement...
- Physical fitness and academic achievement in third- and fifth-grade studentsDarla M Castelli
Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA
J Sport Exerc Psychol 29:239-52. 2007The relationship between physical fitness and academic achievement has received much attention owing to the increasing prevalence of children who are overweight and unfit, as well as the inescapable pressure on schools to produce ..
- The relationship between compulsive behaviour and academic achievement across the three genetic subtypes of Prader-Willi syndromeJ Zarcone
Strong Center for Developmental Disabilities, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
J Intellect Disabil Res 51:478-87. 2007..The focus of this paper is on the non-food-related compulsions in individuals with PWS and comparing differences across the three genetic subtypes of the syndrome...
- Younger achievement age predicts shorter life for governors: testing the precocity-longevity hypothesis with artifact controlsStewart J H McCann
Department of Behavioral and Life Sciences, University College of Cape Breton, Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 29:164-9. 2003..hypothesis suggests that the prerequisites, concomitants, and consequences of early peaks in career achievement may foster the conditions for premature death...
- Genetic and environmental influences on academic achievement trajectories during adolescenceWendy Johnson
Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, MN 55455, USA
Dev Psychol 42:514-32. 2006Most studies have considered the effects of particular characteristics on academic achievement individually, which means that little is known about how they function together...
- Sleep disturbances and teacher ratings of school achievement and temperament in childrenOliviero Bruni
Department of Developmental Neurology and Psychiatry, Center for Pediatric Sleep Disorders, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Sabelli 108, 00185 Rome, Italy
Sleep Med 7:43-8. 2006The current study examined the relationships between academic achievement, sleep, temperament and demographic-historical data in school-age children.
- Prenatal alcohol exposure and ability, academic achievement, and school functioning in adolescence: a longitudinal follow-upKaren K Howell
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
J Pediatr Psychol 31:116-26. 2006..Prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with learning, behavioral, and academic problems even in children without the fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)...
- Gender variation in developmental trajectories of educational and occupational expectations and attainment from adolescence to adulthoodZena R Mello
Department of Cognition and Development, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1670, USA
Dev Psychol 44:1069-80. 2008..Gender variation in expectations and attainment is discussed in light of historical changes, and future directions of research are proposed...
- Academic achievement of low birthweight children at age 11: the role of cognitive abilities at school entryN Breslau
Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan 48202 3450, USA
J Abnorm Child Psychol 29:273-9. 2001We examine the extent to which deficits in academic achievement in low birthweight (LBW) children at age 11 are explained by deficits in cognitive abilities at school entry...
- Change in teachers' ratings of attention problems and subsequent change in academic achievement: a prospective analysisN Breslau
Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Psychol Med 40:159-66. 2010Recent research has documented a link between attention problems at school entry and later academic achievement. Little is known about the association of change in attention problems during the early school years with subsequent change ..
- Growth mixture modeling of academic achievement in children of varying birth weight riskKimberly Andrews Espy
Office of Research, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68688 0433, USA kespy2unl edu
Neuropsychology 23:460-74. 2009..that utilizes an integrated person- and variable-centered approach was applied to identify latent classes of achievement from a cohort of school-age children born at varying birth weights...
- Association of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) polymorphism and academic achievement in a Chinese cohortTing Kuang Yeh
Science Education Center and Graduate Institute of Science Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan, ROC
Brain Cogn 71:300-5. 2009..In particular, the former performed significantly more poorly in the science and social science subtests. These findings provide evidence that affective factors might overwhelm cognitive abilities in high-stake tests like the BCT...
- The predictive value of numerical magnitude comparison for individual differences in mathematics achievementBert De Smedt
Center for Parenting, Child Welfare, and Disabilities, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
J Exp Child Psychol 103:469-79. 2009Although it has been proposed that the ability to compare numerical magnitudes is related to mathematics achievement, it is not clear whether this ability predicts individual differences in later mathematics achievement...
- Relation of achievement motives, satisfaction with life, happiness and oral health in Romanian university studentsAlexandrina Lizica Dumitrescu
Institute of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tromsø, 9037 Tromsø, Norway
Oral Health Prev Dent 8:15-22. 2010The objective of the present study was to investigate whether achievement motives, satisfaction with life and happiness are associated with oral health behaviour and perceived gingival status.
- Financial strain, parenting behaviors, and adolescents' achievement: testing model equivalence between African American and European American single- and two-parent familiesL M Gutman
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
Child Dev 70:1464-76. 1999..tested the equivalence of a theoretical model of parenting behaviors linking financial strain to adolescents' achievement for African American and European American families and for single- and two-parent families...
- Fish consumption, mercury exposure, and their associations with scholastic achievement in the Seychelles Child Development StudyPhilip W Davidson
University of Rochester, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Department of Pediatrics, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
Neurotoxicology 31:439-47. 2010..Changes in functional outcomes such as school achievement and behavior in exposed children and adolescents have not been examined...
- National differences in gender-science stereotypes predict national sex differences in science and math achievementBrian A Nosek
Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4400, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:10593-7. 2009..nation-level implicit stereotypes predicted nation-level sex differences in 8th-grade science and mathematics achievement. Self-reported stereotypes did not provide additional predictive validity of the achievement gap...
- Goal achievement as a patient-generated outcome measure for stress urinary incontinenceJill L Milne
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
Health Expect 12:288-300. 2009..To explore women's goals and goal attainment for the conservative and surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI), and to examine the feasibility of Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) as an outcome measure in this population...
- [Learning approaches, self-regulation and achievement in three European universities]Jesus De La Fuente
Facultad de Humanidades u Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad de Almeria, Almeria, Spain
Psicothema 20:705-11. 2008..New lines of research are proposed based on the conclusions...
- Physical fitness and academic achievement in elementary school childrenBrandi M Eveland-Sayers
Department of Health and Human Performance, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN 37132, USA
J Phys Act Health 6:99-104. 2009..The association between fitness and academic achievement, however, remains to be clarified, especially in young children...
- Self-regulation, motivation, and math achievement in middle school: variations across grade level and math contextTimothy J Cleary
Department of Educational Psychology, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, PO Box 413, Milwaukee, WI 53201, United States
J Sch Psychol 47:291-314. 2009The current study examined grade level, achievement group, and math-course-type differences in student self-regulation and motivation in a sample of 880 suburban middle-school students...
- Short-term memory, working memory, and executive functioning in preschoolers: longitudinal predictors of mathematical achievement at age 7 yearsRebecca Bull
School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Dev Neuropsychol 33:205-28. 2008..memory, working memory, and executive functioning in preschool children predict later proficiency in academic achievement at 7 years of age (third year of primary school)...
- Friendships, peer acceptance, and group membership: relations to academic achievement in middle schoolK R Wentzel
Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA
Child Dev 68:1198-209. 1997..to examine relations of number of reciprocated friendships, peer acceptance, and group membership to academic achievement. In both samples, group membership was the most consistent predictor of grades over time...
- Mathematical ability of 10-year-old boys and girls: genetic and environmental etiology of typical and low performanceYulia Kovas
Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
J Learn Disabil 40:554-67. 2007..We conclude that low mathematical performance is the quantitative extreme of the same genetic and environmental factors responsible for variation throughout the distribution...
- Marker or mediator? The effects of adolescent substance use on young adult educational attainmentKevin M King
Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 1104, USA
Addiction 101:1730-40. 2006..We tested the effects of adolescent substance use on college attendance and completion by young adulthood in the context of the behavioral and familial risk factors that influence substance use...
- Educational achievement and early school behavior as predictors of alcohol-use disorders: 35-year follow-up of the Woodlawn StudyRosa M Crum
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
J Stud Alcohol 67:75-85. 2006Using prospectively gathered data across a 35-year follow-up interval, we assessed the association of educational achievement and school behaviors with risk for the development of an alcohol-use disorder in adulthood.
- Correlations between academic achievement and anxiety and depression in medical students experiencing integrated curriculum reformYi Chun Yeh
Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Kaohsiung J Med Sci 23:379-86. 2007This study aimed to examine the correlations between academic achievement and levels of anxiety and depression in medical students who were experiencing curriculum reform...
- Impact of executive functioning and symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder on children's peer relations and school performanceSofia Diamantopoulou
Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Sweden
Dev Neuropsychol 32:521-42. 2007..At high levels of symptoms of hyperactivity/impulsivity, the poorer the EF, the higher the levels of physical aggression. Girls with poor EF were less accepted by peers than equivalent boys...
- Patient-centered surgical outcomes: the impact of goal achievement and urge incontinence on patient satisfaction one year after surgerySangeeta T Mahajan
Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 194:722-8. 2006..The purpose of this study was to assess factors that influence patient satisfaction 1 year after pelvic reconstructive surgery...
- Adolescent tobacco and cannabis use: young adult outcomes from the Ontario Child Health StudyKatholiki Georgiades
McMaster University and Offord Centre for Child Studies, Canada
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:724-31. 2007..This study examines the longitudinal associations between adolescent tobacco and cannabis use and young adult functioning...
- The relation of depression and anxiety to life-stress and achievement in studentsBernice Andrews
Royal Holloway University of London, UK
Br J Psychol 95:509-21. 2004....
- Analysis of WISC-III, Stanford-Binet:IV, and academic achievement test scores in children with autismSusan Dickerson Mayes
Department of Psychiatry, The Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 33:329-41. 2003..The high-IQ group had significantly low scores on the Digit Span, Arithmetic, Coding, VMI, and WIAT Written Expression tests, suggesting attention and writing weaknesses...
- Reducing the racial achievement gap: a social-psychological interventionGeoffrey L Cohen
Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Muenzinger Psychology Building, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
Science 313:1307-10. 2006..writing assignment, significantly improved the grades of African American students and reduced the racial achievement gap by 40%...
- Why are hyperactivity and academic achievement related?Kimberly J Saudino
Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Child Dev 78:972-86. 2007Although a negative association between hyperactivity and academic achievement is well documented, little is known about the genetic and/or environmental mechanisms responsible for the association...
- Impact of executive function deficits and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on academic outcomes in childrenJoseph Biederman
Pediatric Psychopharmacology Unit, Psychiatry Department, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
J Consult Clin Psychol 72:757-66. 2004..ADHD with EFDs was associated with an increased risk for grade retention and a decrease in academic achievement relative to (a) ADHD alone, (b) controlled socioeconomic status, (c) learning disabilities, and (d) IQ...
- Influence of severity of congenital hypothyroidism and adequacy of treatment on school achievement in young adolescents: a population-based cohort studyJ Leger
Paediatrics Endocrinology Unit, Hopital Robert Debre, Paris, France
Acta Paediatr 90:1249-56. 2001To evaluate whether precociously treated subjects with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) are at risk of poor school performance in early adolescence, and to investigate which factors affect their school achievement.
- 5 a day Achievement Badge for African-American Boy Scouts: pilot outcome resultsTom Baranowski
Behavioral Nutrition Group, Children s Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates Street, Houston, Texas 77030 2600, USA
Prev Med 34:353-63. 2002..The "5 a Day Achievement Badge" program was presented on a pilot study basis to African-American Boy Scout troops in Houston.
- Mothers' and fathers' support for child autonomy and early school achievementJay Belsky
Dev Psychol 44:895-907. 2008..in observed parent-child interactions would each make unique predictions to children's reading and math achievement at Grade 3 (controlling for demographic variables), children's reading and math abilities at 54 months, and ..
- Adolescents' academic expectations and achievementC E Sanders
Touch Research Institutes, University of Miami School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Florida 33101, USA
Adolescence 36:795-802. 2001..has indicated that adolescents' relationships with their mother influence their academic expectations and achievement. Substance use has also been found to have a strong influence on academic expectations and achievement...
- Children's perceptions of popular and unpopular peers: a multimethod assessmentKathryn M LaFontana
Department of Psychology, Sacred Heart University, Fairfield, Connecticut 06825, USA
Dev Psychol 38:635-47. 2002..In both studies, children's perceptions varied as a function of the gender, age, and ethnicity of the participants...
- Working memory and individual differences in mathematics achievement: a longitudinal study from first grade to second gradeBert De Smedt
Centre for Parenting, Child Welfare, and Disabilities, University of Leuven, Leuven 3000, Belgium
J Exp Child Psychol 103:186-201. 2009..Mathematics achievement was assessed 4 months later (at the middle of first grade) and 1 year later (at the start of second grade)...
- Reciprocal effects between academic self-concept, self-esteem, achievement, and attainment over seven adolescent years: unidimensional and multidimensional perspectives of self-conceptHerbert W Marsh
Department of Education, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 34:542-52. 2008..effects models from an explicitly multidimensional perspective demonstrated that academic self-concept and achievement are both a cause and an effect of each other...
- Sex differences in stress responses: social rejection versus achievement stressLaura R Stroud
Brown University Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
Biol Psychiatry 52:318-27. 2002..would show greater responses to social rejection stressors, whereas men would demonstrate greater responses to achievement stressors...
- The relationship between executive function abilities, adaptive behaviour, and academic achievement in children with externalising behaviour problemsCheryl Clark
LaTrobe University, Australia
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 43:785-96. 2002BACKGROUND: Specific domains of adaptive behaviours and academic achievement may, in part, depend on executive function capacities...
- Does the H index have predictive power?J E Hirsch
Department of Physics, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0319, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19193-8. 2007Bibliometric measures of individual scientific achievement are of particular interest if they can be used to predict future achievement...
- Striving for unwanted goals: stress-dependent discrepancies between explicit and implicit achievement motives reduce subjective well-being and increase psychosomatic symptomsNicola Baumann
Department of Human Sciences, University of Osnabruck, Osnabruck, Germany
J Pers Soc Psychol 89:781-99. 2005..studies investigated the relevance of affect regulation, stressful life events, and congruence between explicit achievement orientation and implicit achievement motive for subjective well-being and symptom formation...
- The impact of early behavior disturbances on academic achievement in high schoolJoshua Breslau
Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, USA
Pediatrics 123:1472-6. 2009..It is unknown which types of childhood behavioral problems are most likely to predict these outcomes...
- Working memory and educational achievement in children with intellectual disabilitiesL Henry
Department of Psychology, London South Bank University, London, UK
J Intellect Disabil Res 54:354-65. 2010There is little previous research examining whether measures of working memory are related to educational achievement in children with intellectual disabilities (ID).
- Sex differences in cognitive abilities test scores: a UK national pictureSteve Strand
nferNelson, London, UK
Br J Educ Psychol 76:463-80. 2006..This paper analyses the Cognitive Abilities Test (CAT) scores of a large and representative sample of UK pupils to determine the extent of any sex differences...
- Relationship between students' self-assessment of their capabilities and their teachers' judgments of students' capabilities in mathematics problem-solvingPeggy P Chen
Hunter College, The City University of New York, New York, NY 10021, USA
Psychol Rep 98:765-78. 2006..Also, students' prior mathematics achievement was studied for its influence on both teachers' and students' judgments and students' mathematics performance...
- Social achievement goals: the nature and consequences of different orientations toward social competenceAllison M Ryan
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, IL 61820, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:1246-63. 2006The proposition that achievement goals are applicable to the social domain was examined in four studies...
- Achieving college student possible selves: navigating the space between commitment and achievement of long-term identity goalsJane Elizabeth Pizzolato
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 12:57-69. 2006This study explores the possible-self construction and achievement process in students of color from low-income communities by investigating these processes in 28 college students...
- A longitudinal study of students' academic self-concept in a streamed setting: the Singapore contextW C Liu
National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Br J Educ Psychol 75:567-86. 2005..In addition, not much is known about the effect of streaming on changes in students' academic self-concept over time...
- Behavioural problems in Sri Lankan schoolchildren: associations with socio-economic status, age, gender, academic progress, ethnicity and religionMargot Prior
Dept of Psychology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, 3010, Australia
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 40:654-62. 2005..The study confirms the need for development of child and adolescent health services in Sri Lanka...
- The social-cognitive model of achievement motivation and the 2 x 2 achievement goal frameworkFrançois Cury
Cognitive Psychology Laboratory, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS, Provence, France
J Pers Soc Psychol 90:666-79. 2006Two studies examined hypotheses drawn from a proposed modification of the social-cognitive model of achievement motivation that centered on the 2 x 2 achievement goal framework...
- Prediction of goal orientation and perceived competence on intensity and direction of precompetitive anxiety among adolescent handball playersChiung Huang Li
Physical Education Office, Ming Chuan University, 5 De Ming Rd, Gweishan District, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan
Percept Mot Skills 105:83-101. 2007..The results suggest that perceptions of competence and task orientation moderate the relationship between ego orientation and direction of the symptoms of precompetitive anxiety...
- Paradoxical effects of praise and criticism: social, dimensional and temporal comparisonsJens Moller
University of Kiel, Department of Psychology, Germany
Br J Educ Psychol 75:275-95. 2005..When developing a domain-specific academic self-concept, students are not restricted to social comparisons; they may also make temporal or dimensional comparisons...
- Peer victimization, aggression, and their co-occurrence in middle school: pathways to adjustment problemsSandra Graham
University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 1521, USA
J Abnorm Child Psychol 34:363-78. 2006..Implications for intervention with subgroups of problem behavior youth and the particular vulnerabilities of African American adolescents were discussed...
- The effect of multimedia stories about American deaf celebrities on Taiwanese hearing students' attitudes toward job opportunities for the deafJing-Ming Ju
Department of Early Childhood and Special Education, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan
Am Ann Deaf 150:427-32. 2005..It is recommended that the CD featuring American deaf celebrities be distributed to make hearing people understand deaf people's potential, and to contribute to an environment conducive to their employment in Taiwan...
- Pupils' liking for school: ability grouping, self-concept and perceptions of teachingJudith Ireson
School of Psychology and Human Development, Institute of Education, University of London, UK
Br J Educ Psychol 75:297-311. 2005..Research indicates that affective aspects of development provide a basis for autonomous learning. Pupils' liking for school may be a useful indicator of their relationships with teachers and the school...
- High risk drinking and college students' self-perceptionsGabriel C Araujo
California State University, San Bernardino, USA
Psychol Rep 97:936-44. 2005..In addition to high risk drinking, a number of other variables were associated with self-perceptions, such as high school alcohol use, low high school GPA, and students' reported academic involvement. These relations are discussed...
- Motivational climate, achievement goals, perceived sport competence, and involvement in physical activity: structural and mediator modelsKnut Skjesol
Nord Trøndelag University College, Levanger, Norway
Percept Mot Skills 100:497-523. 2005..An alternative structural model with perceived competence as the last latent construct in the path was also tested...
- Mental health and quality of life in pre- and early adolescents: a school-based study in two contrasting urban areasGiulietta Cucchiaro
Department of Medical Psychology and Psychiatry, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil
Rev Bras Psiquiatr 29:213-21. 2007....
- Effect of manipulating positive and negative feedback on goal orientations, perceived motivational climate, satisfaction, task choice, perception of ability, and attitude toward physical education lessonsJ Viciana
Department of Physical Education, University of Granada Spain, Ctra Alfacar s n, 18011, Espana
Percept Mot Skills 105:67-82. 2007..The effects of feedback on physical education students' motivation are discussed...
- School smoking bans: do they help/do they harm?Christiane C Poulin
Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Drug Alcohol Rev 26:615-24. 2007..The purpose of the present study was to examine the association between school smoking bans and smoking initiation as a health outcome as well as academic achievement as an educational outcome, taking into account socio-economic status.
- Variables related to smoking initiation among students in public and private high schools in the city of Belém, BrazilDenise da Silva Pinto
Department of Preventive Medicine of the Federal University of São Paulo Paulista School of Medicine, Sao Paulo SP Brazil
J Bras Pneumol 33:558-64. 2007..corrected] To analyze the variables related to smoking initiation among adolescent students in two high schools (one public and one private) in the city of Belém, Brazil, in 2005...
- Goal orientation and beliefs about the causes of success among Greek track and field athletesPanayiotis Veligekas
The University of Athens, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 41, Ethnikis Antistasis Str, 172 37, Athens, Greece
Percept Mot Skills 105:927-38. 2007This study employed Nicholls' social-cognitive approach to achievement motivation along with beliefs about the causes of success...
- Indices of choking under pressure among athletes during competitionOlufemi Adegbola Adegbesan
Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, University of Ibadan
Percept Mot Skills 105:1093-8. 2007..The women's means were higher than the men's but the difference was less than 1.00. Means for four sport groups were similar for the Internal subscale but significantly different on the External subscale...
- Improving school outcomes for students with ADHD: using the right strategies in the context of the right relationshipsGeorge DuPaul
J Atten Disord 11:519-21. 2008
- Impairment in the achievement domain in bipolar spectrum disorders: role of behavioral approach system hypersensitivity and impulsivityR Nusslock
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Minerva Pediatr 60:41-50. 2008Research indicates that bipolar disorder is characterized by both high levels of impairment and high levels of achievement. A critical, and yet largely unexamined question, is: what psychological mechanisms promote high accomplishment (..
- Promoting early adolescents' achievement and peer relationships: the effects of cooperative, competitive, and individualistic goal structuresCary J Roseth
Department of Educational Psychology, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN, USA
Psychol Bull 134:223-46. 2008..study the authors tested a social-contextual view of the mechanisms and processes by which early adolescents' achievement and peer relationships may be promoted simultaneously...
- Big fish in big ponds: a multilevel analysis of test anxiety and achievement in special gifted classesThomas Goetz
University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
Anxiety Stress Coping 21:185-98. 2008This study analyzes the effects of individual achievement and achievement level of student reference group on test anxiety in a national sample of 769 gifted Israeli students (grade levels 4-9), which was previously investigated by ..
- Children's theories of intelligence: beliefs, goals, and motivation in the elementary yearsC Ryan Kinlaw
Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Box 90545 Durham, NC 27708 0545, USA
J Gen Psychol 134:295-311. 2007..The authors discussed contextual influences on children's beliefs and the development of children's conceptualizations of intelligence...
- Characterizing the motivational orientation of students in higher education: a naturalistic study in three Hong Kong universitiesDavid Kember
Centre for Learning Enhancement and Research, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
Br J Educ Psychol 78:313-29. 2008..Consideration of motivation in higher education has often been drawn upon theories and research that were based upon school or workplace studies...
- Characteristics and study motivation of clinical dental students in Nigerian universitiesOmolola O Orenuga
Department of Child Dental Health, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
J Dent Educ 70:996-1003. 2006..dentistry as a career in this group of students seem to relate to an image of dentistry as a vehicle for the achievement of personal goals. It is recommended that high school students be encouraged to see dentistry first hand...
- Comparisons of achievement, effort, and self-perceptions among students with learning disabilities and their peers from different achievement groupsTimothy D Lackaye
Department of Special Education, Hunter College, New York, NY 10021, USA
J Learn Disabil 39:432-46. 2006This study compared the social-emotional implications of academic achievement for students with and without learning disabilities (LD) and identified predictors of effort investment...
- Personal bests (PBs): a proposed multidimensional model and empirical analysisAndrew J Martin
Faculty of Education and Social Work, University of Western Sydney, Australia
Br J Educ Psychol 76:803-25. 2006..This study seeks to identify the cornerstones of personal bests (PBs) in the educational setting...
- Global self-esteem, goal achievement orientations, and self-determined behavioural regulations in a physical education settingVello Hein
Faculty of Exercise and Sports Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
J Sports Sci 25:149-59. 2007We examined a theoretical model of global self-esteem that incorporated constructs from achievement goal and self-determination theories...
- ADHD and achievement: meta-analysis of the child, adolescent, and adult literatures and a concomitant study with college studentsThomas W Frazier
Section of Behavioral Medicine, The Cleveland Clinic, Shaker Medical Campus, OH 44104, USA
J Learn Disabil 40:49-65. 2007..The first study conducted a meta-analysis of the published literature since 1990 to determine the magnitude of achievement problems associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
- The dynamics of personality states, goals, and well-beingDaniel Heller
University of Waterloo
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 33:898-910. 2007..In sum, the authors' findings testify to the importance and utility of studying within-individual variability in personality states over time...
- Getting more from success: standard raising as esteem maintenanceScott Eidelman
Department of Psychology, University of Maine, ME 04469 5742, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 92:759-74. 2007..Alternative interpretations of standard raising, including goals for future improvement and initial standard lowering, were not supported in these studies...
- Changes in high-school students' competence beliefs, utility value and achievement goals in mathematicsRoch Chouinard
University of Montreal, Canada
Br J Educ Psychol 78:31-50. 2008..Some authors conclude that motivation in mathematics stabilizes or improves around grade 9; others propose that the decline is continuous. It is unclear if girls or boys are more affected by this phenomenon...
- Changes in quality of life and psychological need satisfaction following the transition to secondary schoolFiona Gillison
School for Health, University of Bath, UK
Br J Educ Psychol 78:149-62. 2008..A time that poses a particular threat to QoL is the transition from primary to secondary school...
- Teacher-initiated Motivational Climate in Physical Education Questionnaire in an Italian sampleLaura Bortoli
Facoltà di Scienze dell Educazione Motoria, Universita di Chieti, Italy
Percept Mot Skills 106:207-14. 2008..In the total sample, the Mastery factor accounted for 33.6% of the variance and the Performance factor accounted for 15.4%. Cronbach alpha of the Mastery and Performance scales were .79 and .70, respectively...
- Relationships among alcohol consumption, drug use, and goal orientation among college students in the southeastern USASheryl R Ginn
Department of Psychology, Wingate University, Wingate, NC 28174, USA
Psychol Rep 94:411-21. 2004..However, the relationship between alcohol use and abuse and performance is unclear because students had high performance scores at both universities along with high alcohol-use scores...
- Achievement goals, perceived motivational climate, and students' self-reported mastery behaviorsPing Xiang
Department of Health and Kinesiology at Texas A and M University, College Station 77843 4243, USA
Res Q Exerc Sport 73:58-65. 2002b>Achievement goals and perceived motivational climate are two important constructs in achievement goal theory, and they play critical roles in student motivation and behavior Traditionally, these two constructs have been examined ..
- Unilateral Hearing Loss in ChildrenJUDITH LIEU; Fiscal Year: 2007..risk in children with UHL as compared to a control group of siblings with normal hearing, using a standardized achievement assessment; 2) Determine whether educational performance or behavioral problems increase or decrease in ..
- Brain Structure and Function in Adolescents after the Fontan OperationJane Newburger; Fiscal Year: 2009..Aim 3 will evaluate the relationship of brain MRI measures to academic achievement, cognition, and behavior...
- SOLID STATE RADIATION CHEMISTRY OF DNAWilliam A Bernhard; Fiscal Year: 2010..b>Achievement of these objectives should make it possible to predict the composition and spatial distribution of the DNA ..
- INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH MIDDLE SCHOOL PROJECTDavid Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2006..student understanding of the environmental health sciences as well as improved performance in overall academic achievement, higher-level thinking and problem-solving skills, behavior, and attitudes...
- Outcomes and Costs Associated with Frequency of Physician-Patient Visits on HemodAreef Ishani; Fiscal Year: 2010..visit frequency is associated with a reduced patient hospitalization and mortality rate, greater achievement of dialysis clinical performance targets, greater utilization of preventative services, and greater Medicare ..
- Phamacological modulation of epigenetic changes in AMLGuido Marcucci; Fiscal Year: 2009..AML and high re-expression levels of the methylated ER gene, which in turn directly correlated with achievement of disease remission...
- Phamacological modulation of epigenetic changes in AMLGuido Marcucci; Fiscal Year: 2010..AML and high re-expression levels of the methylated ER gene, which in turn directly correlated with achievement of disease remission...
- Promoting Early School Readiness in Primary HealthcareAlan L Mendelsohn; Fiscal Year: 2010Poverty is strongly related to disparities in early child development, school readiness and educational achievement. The early emergence and long-term persistence of disparities underscore the need for effective interventions prior to ..
- COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICSMICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2007..that attenuate adverse internalizingand externalizing behaviors, co-occurring substance use & academic achievement problemsamong urban youth with communityviolence exposure...
- Brain Structure and Function in Adolescents after the Fontan OperationMICHAEL JOHN RIVKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010..Aim 3 will evaluate the relationship of brain MRI measures to academic achievement, cognition, and behavior...
- Focus on LearningJANET A WELSH; Fiscal Year: 2010..for an efficacy trial which can evaluate its impact on the targeted parenting skills and on child learning and achievement in a rigorous randomized trial...
- Discovery of the 6p21.3 Reading Disability GeneJeffrey R Gruen; Fiscal Year: 2010..Yet, RD is frequently unrecognized, leading to academic under-achievement with detrimental social and economic consequences...
- Focus on LearningJANET WELSH; Fiscal Year: 2009..for an efficacy trial which can evaluate its impact on the targeted parenting skills and on child learning and achievement in a rigorous randomized trial...
- Mutational and evolutionary impact of mitochondrial dysfunctionSUZANNE R ESTES; Fiscal Year: 2010..The achievement of this aim will confirm or deny the widely held, but unproven hypothesis that ROS of mitochondrial origin ..
- Randomized Trial of IFCBT-HIVPI to Prevent HIV Among Non-Injection Drug UsersWilliam Latimer; Fiscal Year: 2009..and secondary (HIV, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis incidences and legal involvement, academic achievement, and employment) outcome domains will be evaluated...
- B-Lymphocyte Immunotherapy in Islet TransplantationAli Naji; Fiscal Year: 2007..However, despite initial achievement of an insulin independent state, a progressive loss of beta cell function culminates in the recurrence of ..
- MATH INTERVENTION FOR CHILDREN WITH LEUKEMIAIda Moore; Fiscal Year: 2004..The primary aim of this study is to determine if a math intervention can prevent a significant decline in math achievement in children with ALL who receive triple intrathecal therapy and systemic intermediate dose methotrexate...
- COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICSMICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009..1993; Pynoos et al.,1987; Schwab-Stone et al.,1999; Singer et al., 1995). Academic achievement outcomes have been under explored, as have factors that protect youth against the adverse impact of community ..
- Ultrasound Imaging of Breast by Use of a Hemispheric Array and Inverse ScatteringRobert C Waag; Fiscal Year: 2010..b>Achievement of this objective will show the clinical feasibility of using non-- ionizing ultrasound imaging to screen for ..
- Short-Chain Dehydrogenases in Retinol/Sterol MetabolismNatalia Kedishvili; Fiscal Year: 2009..Therefore, achievement of the goals of the parent grant will not be complete without considering the contribution of RDH-E2S...
- Psychological Foundations of Mathematics Performance by Deaf and Hearing StudentsMARC E MARSCHARK; Fiscal Year: 2010..findings concerning the development of mathematical abilities in hearing children and empirical research and achievement data indicating that deaf students lag behind hearing age- mates in mathematical proficiencies...
- Memory Functioning in Children and Adolescents with Perinatal HIV InfectionSharon L Nichols; Fiscal Year: 2010..and executive function contribute to problems in daily functioning (including medication adherence, academic achievement, and adaptive behavior)...
- Conforming Positive Action Lessons to States' Academic StandardsCarol Allred; Fiscal Year: 2006..skills, school leadership/administration skills, school organization, and both student behavior and academic achievement. Despite having strong evidence of effectiveness and being well established, PA faces a major challenge to ..
- PRECURSORS OF RETARDATION IN CHILDREN WITH TEEN MOTHERSJohn Borkowski; Fiscal Year: 2005..and outcome variables has been influenced by our interests in self- regulation, metacognitive theory, academic achievement, and socioemotional adjustment as the children proceed through childhood into adolescence...
- Self-Generated Research Experiences to Support Biomedical/Behavioral Research CarLISA LINNENBRINK GARCIA; Fiscal Year: 2010..threat'by including an incremental ability component to buoy perceived competence, interest, and achievement of URMs...
- Prevention and Promotion with Youth in Community-Based Afterschool ProgramsEMILIE SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2009..to integrate into school settings due to rising demands for educational testing and accountability for student achievement (Mahoney & Zigler, 2006)...
- Prevention and Promotion with Youth in Community-Based Afterschool ProgramsEmilie P Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010..to integrate into school settings due to rising demands for educational testing and accountability for student achievement (Mahoney &Zigler, 2006)...
- Developmental Pathways to Dating Violence and Suicidal Behavior: The Healthy TeenPamela Orpinas; Fiscal Year: 2009..700 students); b) uses multiple methods (student surveys, teacher ratings, archival data on academic achievement and discipline, focus groups, and interviews; c) includes two samples of students (random and high-risk); d) ..