child development

Summary

Summary: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Child development: risk factors for adverse outcomes in developing countries
    Susan P Walker
    Epidemiology Research Unit, The University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica
    Lancet 369:145-57. 2007
  2. ncbi Cohort profile: 1958 British birth cohort (National Child Development Study)
    Chris Power
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:34-41. 2006
  3. pmc Developmental potential in the first 5 years for children in developing countries
    Sally Grantham-McGregor
    Centre for International Child Health, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    Lancet 369:60-70. 2007
  4. ncbi Cognitive and behavioral outcomes of school-aged children who were born preterm: a meta-analysis
    Adnan T Bhutta
    Department of Pediatrics, Arkansas University for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, USA
    JAMA 288:728-37. 2002
  5. ncbi ALSPAC--the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. I. Study methodology
    J Golding
    Institute of Child Health, University of Bristol, UK
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 15:74-87. 2001
  6. ncbi Inequality in early childhood: risk and protective factors for early child development
    Susan P Walker
    Tropical Medicine Research Institute, The University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica
    Lancet 378:1325-38. 2011
  7. ncbi Core systems of number
    Lisa Feigenson
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, 3400 North Charles Street, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:307-14. 2004
  8. ncbi Maternal seafood consumption in pregnancy and neurodevelopmental outcomes in childhood (ALSPAC study): an observational cohort study
    Joseph R Hibbeln
    Laboratory of Membrane Biophysics and Biochemistry, US National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, US National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20952, USA
    Lancet 369:578-85. 2007
  9. ncbi Breastfeeding and child cognitive development: new evidence from a large randomized trial
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:578-84. 2008
  10. pmc Cohort Profile: Mandela's children: the 1990 Birth to Twenty study in South Africa
    Linda Richter
    Human Sciences Research Council and University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    Int J Epidemiol 36:504-11. 2007

Research Grants

  1. Visual Learning
    Daphne Bavelier; Fiscal Year: 2009
  2. ZINC AND IRON SUPPLEMENTATION: IMPACT ON DEVELOPMENT
    Maureen Black; Fiscal Year: 2002
  3. Functional Outcomes in Pediatric Liver Transplantation
    Estella Alonso; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. STRESS AND BIRTH OUTCOMES
    Curt Sandman; Fiscal Year: 2001
  5. Fetal Programming of Early Development
    CURT ALAN SANDMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
  6. Winter Neuropeptides Conference
    Curt Sandman; Fiscal Year: 2004
  7. Maternal Stress and Fetal/Infant Development
    Curt Sandman; Fiscal Year: 2006
  8. Emergence of SIB in Developmentally Delayed Individuals
    CURT ALAN SANDMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
  9. CHILDREN'S REASONING ABOUT NATURAL AND INTENTIONAL CAUSE
    CHARLES KALISH; Fiscal Year: 2003
  10. Prenatal Drug Exposure: Effects on Adolescent Brain and Behavioral Development
    Maureen Black; Fiscal Year: 2009

Detail Information

Publications323 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Child development: risk factors for adverse outcomes in developing countries
    Susan P Walker
    Epidemiology Research Unit, The University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica
    Lancet 369:145-57. 2007
    ..We discuss the research needed to clarify the effect of other potential risk factors on child development. The prevalence of the risk factors and their effect on development and human potential are substantial...
  2. ncbi Cohort profile: 1958 British birth cohort (National Child Development Study)
    Chris Power
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:34-41. 2006
  3. pmc Developmental potential in the first 5 years for children in developing countries
    Sally Grantham-McGregor
    Centre for International Child Health, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    Lancet 369:60-70. 2007
    ..These disadvantaged children are likely to do poorly in school and subsequently have low incomes, high fertility, and provide poor care for their children, thus contributing to the intergenerational transmission of poverty...
  4. ncbi Cognitive and behavioral outcomes of school-aged children who were born preterm: a meta-analysis
    Adnan T Bhutta
    Department of Pediatrics, Arkansas University for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, USA
    JAMA 288:728-37. 2002
    ..The cognitive and behavioral outcomes of school-aged children who were born preterm have been reported extensively. Many of these studies have methodological flaws that preclude an accurate estimate of the long-term outcomes of prematurity...
  5. ncbi ALSPAC--the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. I. Study methodology
    J Golding
    Institute of Child Health, University of Bristol, UK
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 15:74-87. 2001
    ..The study has an open policy in regard to collaboration within strict confidentiality rules...
  6. ncbi Inequality in early childhood: risk and protective factors for early child development
    Susan P Walker
    Tropical Medicine Research Institute, The University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica
    Lancet 378:1325-38. 2011
    ..Our goal is to provide information to help the setting of priorities for early child development programmes and policies to benefit the world's poorest children and reduce persistent inequalities.
  7. ncbi Core systems of number
    Lisa Feigenson
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, 3400 North Charles Street, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:307-14. 2004
    ..These systems account for our basic numerical intuitions, and serve as the foundation for the more sophisticated numerical concepts that are uniquely human...
  8. ncbi Maternal seafood consumption in pregnancy and neurodevelopmental outcomes in childhood (ALSPAC study): an observational cohort study
    Joseph R Hibbeln
    Laboratory of Membrane Biophysics and Biochemistry, US National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, US National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20952, USA
    Lancet 369:578-85. 2007
    ..We used the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) to assess the possible benefits and hazards to a child's development of different levels of maternal seafood intake during pregnancy...
  9. ncbi Breastfeeding and child cognitive development: new evidence from a large randomized trial
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:578-84. 2008
    ....
  10. pmc Cohort Profile: Mandela's children: the 1990 Birth to Twenty study in South Africa
    Linda Richter
    Human Sciences Research Council and University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    Int J Epidemiol 36:504-11. 2007
  11. ncbi Socioeconomic status and child development
    Robert H Bradley
    Center for Applied Studies in Education, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, 2801 S University Ave, Little Rock, Arkansas 72204, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 53:371-99. 2002
    ..For children, SES impacts well-being at multiple levels, including both family and neighborhood. Its effects are moderated by children's own characteristics, family characteristics, and external support systems...
  12. pmc Prenatal exposure to PBDEs and neurodevelopment
    Julie B Herbstman
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, Columbia Center for Children s Environmental Health, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:712-9. 2010
    ..Animal studies suggest that prenatal PBDE exposure may result in adverse neurodevelopmental effects...
  13. ncbi Antenatal maternal anxiety and stress and the neurobehavioural development of the fetus and child: links and possible mechanisms. A review
    Bea R H Van den Bergh
    Department of Developmental Psychology, Catholic University of Leuven KULeuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 29:237-58. 2005
    ..The magnitude of the long-term effects of antenatal maternal anxiety/stress on the child is substantial. Programs to reduce maternal stress in pregnancy are therefore warranted...
  14. ncbi The social determinants of early child development: an overview
    Stefania Maggi
    Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada
    J Paediatr Child Health 46:627-35. 2010
    This paper offers an overview of the current state of knowledge of the critical social determinants of child development and the complex ways in which these can influence health trajectories.
  15. pmc The heritability of general cognitive ability increases linearly from childhood to young adulthood
    C M A Haworth
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London, UK
    Mol Psychiatry 15:1112-20. 2010
    ....
  16. ncbi Rapid growth in infancy and childhood and obesity in later life--a systematic review
    P O A Monteiro
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Federal University of Pelotas, 96001 970 Pelotas, Brazil
    Obes Rev 6:143-54. 2005
    ..The present results indicate that early growth is indeed associated with the prevalence of obesity later in the life course...
  17. ncbi Twins' Early Development Study (TEDS): a multivariate, longitudinal genetic investigation of language, cognition and behavior problems from childhood through adolescence
    Bonamy R Oliver
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, United Kingdom
    Twin Res Hum Genet 10:96-105. 2007
    ..The TEDS dataset is proving valuable in genome-wide association research that tries to identify some of the many genes responsible for the ubiquitous heritability of behavior...
  18. pmc Development of cognitive control and executive functions from 4 to 13 years: evidence from manipulations of memory, inhibition, and task switching
    Matthew C Davidson
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY, USA
    Neuropsychologia 44:2037-78. 2006
    ..Other effects (e.g., asymmetric switch costs and the interaction of switching rules and switching response-sites) differed fundamentally over age...
  19. ncbi The WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study: planning, study design, and methodology
    Mercedes de Onis
    Department of Nutrition, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Food Nutr Bull 25:S15-26. 2004
    ....
  20. ncbi Breast-feeding and cognitive development: a meta-analysis
    J W Anderson
    Metabolic Research Group, Veterans Affairs Medical Center
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:525-35. 1999
    ....
  21. pmc Infants generate goal-based action predictions
    Erin N Cannon
    Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Dev Sci 15:292-8. 2012
    ..This study suggests that by 11 months infants actively use goal analysis to generate on-line predictions of an agent's next action...
  22. ncbi Very low lead exposures and children's neurodevelopment
    David C Bellinger
    Children s Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Curr Opin Pediatr 20:172-7. 2008
    ..The review evaluates the basis for these calls...
  23. ncbi Effects of prenatal food and micronutrient supplementation on infant development: a randomized trial from the Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions, Matlab (MINIMat) study
    Fahmida Tofail
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:704-11. 2008
    ..Few data exist for the effects of multiple micronutrient (MM) or food supplementation to undernourished pregnant women on their offsprings' development...
  24. ncbi Impact of prenatal multiple micronutrients on survival and growth during infancy: a randomized controlled trial
    Dominique Roberfroid
    Child Health and Nutrition Unit, Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:916-24. 2012
    ..Although prenatal multiple micronutrients can improve fetal growth, their benefit on postnatal health remains uncertain...
  25. ncbi Developmental change in the acuity of the "Number Sense": The Approximate Number System in 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-year-olds and adults
    Justin Halberda
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Dev Psychol 44:1457-65. 2008
    ..We show that the resolution of this system continues to increase throughout childhood, with adultlike levels of acuity attained surprisingly late in development...
  26. pmc Growth patterns in early childhood and final attained stature: data from five birth cohorts from low- and middle-income countries
    Aryeh D Stein
    Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Rd NE, 748, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Hum Biol 22:353-9. 2010
    ..Growth failure prior to age 12 mo was most strongly associated with adult stature. These consistencies speak to the importance of interventions to address intrauterine growth failure and growth failure in the first 12 mo of life...
  27. ncbi Effects of prolonged and exclusive breastfeeding on child height, weight, adiposity, and blood pressure at age 6.5 y: evidence from a large randomized trial
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, PQ, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:1717-21. 2007
    ..The evidence that breastfeeding protects against obesity and a variety of chronic diseases comes almost entirely from observational studies, which have a potential for bias due to confounding, selection bias, and selective publication...
  28. ncbi Measurement and standardization protocols for anthropometry used in the construction of a new international growth reference
    Mercedes de Onis
    Department of Nutrition, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Food Nutr Bull 25:S27-36. 2004
    ..Ongoing central and local monitoring identified anthropometrists deviating from standard procedures, and immediate corrective action was taken. The procedures described in this paper are a model for research settings...
  29. ncbi Growth in the neonatal intensive care unit influences neurodevelopmental and growth outcomes of extremely low birth weight infants
    Richard A Ehrenkranz
    Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 8064, USA
    Pediatrics 117:1253-61. 2006
    ....
  30. ncbi Maternal psychological distress during pregnancy in relation to child development at age two
    Janet A Dipietro
    Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Child Dev 77:573-87. 2006
    ..constellation of negative maternal emotions during pregnancy generates persistent negative consequences for child development. Maternal reports of anxiety, pregnancy-specific and nonspecific stress, and depressive symptoms were ..
  31. ncbi Fish consumption in pregnancy, cord blood mercury level and cognitive and psychomotor development of infants followed over the first three years of life: Krakow epidemiologic study
    Wieslaw Jedrychowski
    Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Coll Med Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland
    Environ Int 33:1057-62. 2007
    ..Although the maternal fish consumption is supposed to have beneficial effects on development of infants, it may be harmful for child cognitive development since fish is a common source of methylmercury...
  32. ncbi Risk for psychopathology in the children of depressed mothers: a developmental model for understanding mechanisms of transmission
    S H Goodman
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Psychol Rev 106:458-90. 1999
    ..Relevant issues are discussed, and promising directions for future research are suggested...
  33. pmc Organophosphate pesticide exposure and neurodevelopment in young Mexican-American children
    Brenda Eskenazi
    Center for Children s Environmental Health Research, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 7380, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:792-8. 2007
    ..Organophosphate (OP) pesticides are widely used in agriculture and homes. Animal studies suggest that even moderate doses are neurodevelopmental toxicants, but there are few studies in humans...
  34. pmc Maternal smoking during pregnancy and childhood growth trajectory: a random effects regression analysis
    Kohta Suzuki
    Center for Birth Cohort Studies, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan
    J Epidemiol 22:175-8. 2012
    ..However, this analysis was limited because it rounded and categorized the age of the children. Therefore, we used a random-effects hierarchical linear regression model in the present study...
  35. ncbi Care for child development: basic science rationale and effects of interventions
    Rebecca L Holt
    Department of Pediatric Neurology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Pediatr Neurol 44:239-53. 2011
    ....
  36. pmc Socioeconomic differences in childhood growth trajectories: at what age do height inequalities emerge?
    Laura D Howe
    MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:143-8. 2012
    ..Socioeconomic differentials in adult height are frequently observed, but the age at which these inequalities emerge and the patterns they follow through childhood are unknown...
  37. pmc Action production influences 12-month-old infants' attention to others' actions
    Erin N Cannon
    Human Development Department, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Dev Sci 15:35-42. 2012
    ..Learning over the course of trials was not evident. These findings demonstrate a direct influence of the motor system on online visual attention to others' actions early in development...
  38. pmc Maternal common mental disorders and infant development in Ethiopia: the P-MaMiE Birth Cohort
    Chiara Servili
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy
    BMC Public Health 10:693. 2010
    ..In low- and middle-income countries (LAMICs), perinatal CMD is inconsistently associated with infant development, but the impact of severity and persistence has not been examined...
  39. pmc Child development and molecular genetics: 14 years later
    Robert Plomin
    King s College London
    Child Dev 84:104-20. 2013
    Fourteen years ago, the first article on molecular genetics was published in this journal: Child Development, Molecular Genetics, and What to Do With Genes Once They Are Found (R. Plomin & M. Rutter, 1998)...
  40. ncbi Neonatal exposure to Thimerosal from vaccines and child development in the first 3 years of life
    Dorota Mrozek-Budzyn
    Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 34:592-7. 2012
    ..The knowledge of ethylmercury's potential adverse effects is derived mostly from parallel methylmercury research or from animal and theoretical models...
  41. ncbi What role for the home learning environment and parenting in reducing the socioeconomic gradient in child development? Findings from the Millennium Cohort Study
    Y Kelly
    Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, UK
    Arch Dis Child 96:832-7. 2011
    ....
  42. ncbi Pre- and postnatal arsenic exposure and child development at 18 months of age: a cohort study in rural Bangladesh
    Jena D Hamadani
    International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Int J Epidemiol 39:1206-16. 2010
    ....
  43. pmc Development of postural control during the first 18 months of life
    Mijna Hadders-Algra
    Department of Neurology, Developmental Neurology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Neural Plast 12:99-108; discussion 263-72. 2005
    ..The major transition occurs at 6 months, when infants move from the phase of non-adaptive, primary variability to the phase of adaptive, secondary variability...
  44. pmc Effects of prenatal exposure to coal-burning pollutants on children's development in China
    Deliang Tang
    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032 USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:674-9. 2008
    ..Environmental pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), lead, and mercury are released by combustion of coal and other fossil fuels...
  45. ncbi Skill formation and the economics of investing in disadvantaged children
    James J Heckman
    Department of Economics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Science 312:1900-2. 2006
    ..This paper summarizes evidence on the effects of early environments on child, adolescent, and adult achievement. Life cycle skill formation is a dynamic process in which early inputs strongly affect the productivity of later inputs...
  46. pmc Fetal lead exposure at each stage of pregnancy as a predictor of infant mental development
    Howard Hu
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1730-5. 2006
    ..The impact of prenatal lead exposure on neurodevelopment remains unclear in terms of consistency, the trimester of greatest vulnerability, and the best method for estimating fetal lead exposure...
  47. ncbi Mapping numerical processing, reading, and executive functions in the developing brain: an fMRI meta-analysis of 52 studies including 842 children
    Olivier Houde
    CI NAPS, UMR 6232, CNRS, CEA, Caen and Paris Descartes Universities, Caen, France
    Dev Sci 13:876-85. 2010
    ....
  48. ncbi Early experience alters brain function and structure
    Heidelise Als
    Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School and Children s Hospital Boston, Pediatric Research Laboratories, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Pediatrics 113:846-57. 2004
    ..To investigate the effects of early experience on brain function and structure...
  49. pmc Relation between cord blood mercury levels and early child development in a World Trade Center cohort
    Sally Ann Lederman
    Columbia Center for Children s Environmental Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:1085-91. 2008
    This study was designed to determine whether prenatal mercury exposure, including potential releases from the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster, adversely affects fetal growth and child development.
  50. ncbi The influence of head growth in fetal life, infancy, and childhood on intelligence at the ages of 4 and 8 years
    Catharine R Gale
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 118:1486-92. 2006
    ..We investigated the effects of head growth prenatally, during infancy, and during later periods of development on cognitive function at the ages of 4 and 8 years...
  51. ncbi Validation of the National Institutes of Health consensus definition of bronchopulmonary dysplasia
    Richard A Ehrenkranz
    Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 8064, USA
    Pediatrics 116:1353-60. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the predictive validity of the severity-based, consensus definition of BPD...
  52. ncbi Economic deprivation, maternal depression, parenting and children's cognitive and emotional development in early childhood
    Kathleen E Kiernan
    Department of Social Policy and Social Work, University of York
    Br J Sociol 59:783-806. 2008
    ....
  53. ncbi Neurodevelopmental outcome of the premature infant
    Bonnie E Stephens
    Department of Pediatrics, Women and Infants Hospital, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02905, USA
    Pediatr Clin North Am 56:631-46, Table of Contents. 2009
    ..There is now increasing evidence of sustained adverse outcomes into school age and adolescence, not only for ELBW infants but for infants born late preterm...
  54. ncbi Iron deficiency and child development
    Betsy Lozoff
    Center for Human Growth and Development, Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan, 300 N Ingalls, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5406, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 28:S560-71. 2007
    ..New findings also point to the need for more attention to the developmental effects of prenatal iron deficiency...
  55. ncbi Developmental correspondence between action prediction and motor ability in early infancy
    Yasuhiro Kanakogi
    Department of Psychology, Graduate School of Letters, Kyoto University, Yoshidahonmachi, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
    Nat Commun 2:341. 2011
    ..Our findings indicate that the ability to predict others' action goals requires a corresponding motor ability, providing ontogenetic evidence for a direct matching process by a mirror neuron system...
  56. ncbi Exposure to arsenic and lead and neuropsychological development in Mexican children
    J Calderon
    Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Av Venustiano Carranza 2405, 78210 San Luis Potosi, Mexico
    Environ Res 85:69-76. 2001
    ..Our results suggest that exposure to As and chronic malnutrition could have an influence on verbal abilities and long-term memory, while Pb exposure could affect the attention process even at low levels...
  57. pmc Effects of transplacental exposure to environmental pollutants on birth outcomes in a multiethnic population
    Frederica P Perera
    Columbia Center for Children s Environmental Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 111:201-5. 2003
    ..This study provides evidence that environmental pollutants at levels currently encountered in New York City adversely affect fetal development...
  58. ncbi Late-preterm birth and its association with cognitive and socioemotional outcomes at 6 years of age
    Nicole M Talge
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, B601 West Fee Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Pediatrics 126:1124-31. 2010
    ....
  59. pmc Child growth in urban deprived settings: does household poverty status matter? At which stage of child development?
    Jean Christophe Fotso
    African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, Population Dynamics and Reproductive Health, APHRC Campus, Kirawa Road, Off Peponi Road, P O Box 10787, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    Health Place 18:375-84. 2012
    ..These findings shed light on the degree of vulnerability of urban poor infants and children and on the influences of various aspects of poverty measures...
  60. pmc Representation of stable social dominance relations by human infants
    Olivier Mascaro
    Cognitive Development Center, Central European University, Budapest 1015, Hungary
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:6862-7. 2012
    ..Infants' demonstrated understanding of social dominance reflects the cognitive underpinning of humans' capacity to represent social relations, which may be evolutionarily ancient, and may be shared with nonhuman species...
  61. pmc "Let's work together": what do infants understand about collaborative goals?
    Annette M E Henderson
    Department of Psychology, HSB building, 10 Symonds Street, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
    Cognition 121:12-21. 2011
    ..The implications of our findings for theories of collaboration and folk psychology are discussed...
  62. ncbi Randomized controlled trial of 4 compared with 6 mo of exclusive breastfeeding in Iceland: differences in breast-milk intake by stable-isotope probe
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 96:73-9. 2012
    ..Most studies that investigated this issue were observational and potentially confounded by variability in social circumstances or infant growth...
  63. pmc Social evaluation or simple association? Simple associations may explain moral reasoning in infants
    Damian Scarf
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    PLoS ONE 7:e42698. 2012
    ..Hamlin and colleagues concluded that the ability to evaluate individuals based on social interaction is innate. Here, we provide evidence that their findings reflect simple associations rather than social evaluations...
  64. ncbi Exposure to environmental endocrine disruptors and child development
    John D Meeker
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 166:952-8. 2012
    ..in consumer goods, personal care products, food, drinking water, and other sources may adversely affect child development through altered endocrine function...
  65. pmc Nine-months-old infants do not need to know what the agent prefers in order to reason about its goals: on the role of preference and persistence in infants' goal-attribution
    Mikolaj Hernik
    Research Department of Educational, Clinical and Health Psychology, University College London, UK
    Dev Sci 15:714-22. 2012
    ..We conclude that infants do not need to know about the agent's preferences in order to form expectations about its goal-directed actions. Implications for the role of action persistency and action selectivity are discussed...
  66. ncbi Neurodevelopment in children born to HIV-infected mothers by infection and treatment status
    Kirsty Le Doaré
    Centre for International Health and Development, and eMRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, University College London, Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 130:e1326-44. 2012
    ..We reviewed the impact of HIV, HIV exposure, and antiretroviral therapy/prophylaxis on neurodevelopmental outcomes of HIV-infected and HIV-exposed-uninfected infants and children...
  67. ncbi Describing the growth and rapid weight gain of urban Australian Aboriginal infants
    Vana Webster
    Centre for Health Equity Training Research and Evaluation, Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 49:303-8. 2013
    ..The aims of this paper are to describe the growth of urban Australian Aboriginal infants from birth to 24 months of age and to identify the proportion of these infants experiencing rapid weight gain (RWG) and overweight/obesity...
  68. ncbi Strategies for reducing inequalities and improving developmental outcomes for young children in low-income and middle-income countries
    Patrice L Engle
    Psychology, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA
    Lancet 378:1339-53. 2011
    This report is the second in a Series on early child development in low-income and middle-income countries and assesses the effectiveness of early child development interventions, such as parenting support and preschool enrolment...
  69. ncbi Phonological skills and their role in learning to read: a meta-analytic review
    Monica Melby-Lervåg
    Department of Special Needs Education, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Psychol Bull 138:322-52. 2012
    ..We discuss whether such a relationship is a causal one and the implications of research in this area for current approaches to the teaching of reading and interventions for children with reading difficulties...
  70. ncbi Evidence for a unitary goal concept in 12-month-old infants
    Szilvia Biro
    Department of Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
    Dev Sci 14:1255-60. 2011
    ..This finding suggests that, by 12 months, infants possess a unitary concept of goal...
  71. ncbi Preschoolers distribute scarce resources according to the moral valence of recipients' previous actions
    Ben Kenward
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Sweden
    Dev Psychol 47:1054-64. 2011
    ..These results join other recent studies in demonstrating that the seeds of complex moral understanding and behavior are found early in development...
  72. ncbi Executive functions in extremely low birth weight and late-preterm preschoolers: effects on working memory and response inhibition
    Ida Sue Baron
    Fairfax Neonatal Associates at Inova Fairfax Hospital for Children, Falls Church, VA 22042, USA
    Child Neuropsychol 18:586-99. 2012
    ....
  73. pmc Birth weight, postnatal weight gain, and adult body composition in five low and middle income countries
    Christopher W Kuzawa
    Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
    Am J Hum Biol 24:5-13. 2012
    ..To evaluate the associations between birth weight (BW), infancy, and childhood weight gain and adult body composition...
  74. pmc Varying coefficient function models to explore interactions between maternal nutritional status and prenatal methylmercury toxicity in the Seychelles Child Development Nutrition Study
    Miranda L Lynch
    Department of Biostatistics and Computational Biology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Environ Res 111:75-80. 2011
    ..In this study we fit varying coefficient function models to data from the Seychelles Child Development Nutrition Study (SCDNS) cohort to assess the association of dietary nutrients and children's development...
  75. ncbi Vitamin D and the brain
    Lauren R Harms
    Queensland Brain Institute, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
    Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 25:657-69. 2011
    ....
  76. ncbi Maternal DHA and the development of attention in infancy and toddlerhood
    John Colombo
    Department of Psychology and The Schiefelbusch Institute for Lifespan Studies, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045, USA
    Child Dev 75:1254-67. 2004
    ..These findings are consistent with evidence suggesting a link between DHA and cognitive development in infancy...
  77. ncbi Infant growth during the first year of life and subsequent hospitalization to 8 years of age
    L L Hui
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Epidemiology 21:332-9. 2010
    ..We tested the life history trade-off hypothesis that rapid infant growth is associated with lower risk of serious childhood morbidity (in particular, infection) proxied by hospital admission...
  78. pmc Interventions aimed at decreasing obesity in children younger than 2 years: a systematic review
    Philip J Ciampa
    Program in Effective Health Communication, Department of Internal Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232 8300, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:1098-104. 2010
    ..To assess the evidence for interventions designed to prevent or reduce overweight and obesity in children younger than 2 years...
  79. ncbi Birth weight; postnatal, infant, and childhood growth; and obesity in young adulthood: evidence from the Barry Caerphilly Growth Study
    Anne McCarthy
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:907-13. 2007
    ..Birth weight has been shown to be positively associated with adult obesity, but relatively few studies have examined the associations with growth in specific periods of early childhood...
  80. ncbi Early intervention improves cognitive outcomes for preterm infants: randomized controlled trial
    S Marianne Nordhov
    University Hospital of North Norway, Department of Pediatrics, Box 53, N 9012 Tromsø, Norway
    Pediatrics 126:e1088-94. 2010
    ..The goal was to examine the effectiveness of an early intervention on cognitive and motor outcomes at corrected ages of 3 and 5 years for children with birth weights (BWs) of <2000 g...
  81. pmc Individualized developmental care for a large sample of very preterm infants: health, neurobehaviour and neurophysiology
    G McAnulty
    Department of Psychiatry Psychology, Children s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Acta Paediatr 98:1920-6. 2009
    ..To assess medical and neurodevelopmental effects of Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP) for a large sample of very early-born infants...
  82. pmc Is the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP) effective for preterm infants with intrauterine growth restriction?
    H Als
    Department of Psychiatry, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115 USA
    J Perinatol 31:130-6. 2011
    ....
  83. ncbi A happy story: Developmental changes in children's sensitivity to facial expressions of varying intensities
    Xiaoqing Gao
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience, and Behavior, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1
    J Exp Child Psychol 107:67-86. 2010
    ..This slow development may impact children's social and cognitive development by limiting their sensitivity to subtle expressions of disapproval or disappointment...
  84. ncbi Socioeconomic disadvantage and child development
    V C McLoyd
    Department of Psychology, Social and Health Sciences, Duke University, USA
    Am Psychol 53:185-204. 1998
    ..The implications of research findings for practice and policy are considered...
  85. ncbi Effect of supplementing pregnant and lactating mothers with n-3 very-long-chain fatty acids on children's IQ and body mass index at 7 years of age
    Ingrid B Helland
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Oslo, Norway
    Pediatrics 122:e472-9. 2008
    ..We also examined the relation between plasma fatty acid pattern and BMI in children, because an association between arachidonic acid and adipose tissue size has been suggested...
  86. ncbi Motor development in very preterm and very low-birth-weight children from birth to adolescence: a meta-analysis
    Jorrit F de Kieviet
    Department of Clinical Neuropsychology, VU University Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    JAMA 302:2235-42. 2009
    ..There is increasing evidence that very preterm birth and VLBW have a considerable effect on motor development, although findings are inconsistent...
  87. ncbi Maternal hypothyroxinaemia during early pregnancy and subsequent child development: a 3-year follow-up study
    Victor J Pop
    Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University of Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 59:282-8. 2003
    ..15-2.0 mIU/l) on infant development, together with any subsequent changes in fT4 during gestation...
  88. pmc Foundations of cooperation in young children
    Kristina R Olson
    Psychology Department, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Cognition 108:222-31. 2008
    ..5-year-old children, despite their limited experience with complex cooperative networks. Three pillars of mature cooperative behavior therefore appear to have roots extending deep into human development...
  89. ncbi Research Review: genetic vulnerability or differential susceptibility in child development: the case of attachment
    Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
    Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:1160-73. 2007
    ....
  90. pmc Iron deficiency and infant motor development
    Tal Shafir
    Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 5406, USA
    Early Hum Dev 84:479-85. 2008
    ..Iron deficiency (ID) during early development impairs myelination and basal ganglia function in animal models...
  91. ncbi School readiness and later achievement
    Greg J Duncan
    School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Dev Psychol 43:1428-46. 2007
    ..Patterns of association were similar for boys and girls and for children from high and low socioeconomic backgrounds...
  92. pmc Puberty and pubertal growth in healthy Turkish girls: no evidence for secular trend
    Ruveyde Bundak
    Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology Unit, Istanbul, Turkey
    J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol 1:8-14. 2008
    ..Assessment of pubertal stages should be related to updated and reliable referance data from the same background population...
  93. ncbi Infant weight gain and childhood overweight status in a multicenter, cohort study
    Nicolas Stettler
    The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4399, USA
    Pediatrics 109:194-9. 2002
    ..To determine whether a rapid rate of weight gain in early infancy is associated with overweight status in childhood...
  94. pmc Randomised trial of early diet in preterm babies and later intelligence quotient
    A Lucas
    Medical Research Council Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    BMJ 317:1481-7. 1998
    ..To determine whether perinatal nutrition influences cognitive function at 7 1/2 - 8 years in children born preterm...
  95. ncbi Reality compared with its alternatives: age differences in judgments of regret and relief
    Robert Guttentag
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Greesboro, Greensboro, NC, USA 27402
    Dev Psychol 40:764-75. 2004
    ..Experiment 3 focused on the understanding of relief. In contrast to the findings from Experiment I, the 7-year-olds in Experiment 3 made their judgments solely on the basis of what actually occurred...
  96. ncbi Improvement of short- and long-term outcomes for very low birth weight infants: Edmonton NIDCAP trial
    Kathrine Leigh Peters
    Faculty of Nursing, Perinatal Clinical Research Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Pediatrics 124:1009-20. 2009
    ..Secondary outcome measures were days of ventilation, incidence of chronic lung disease, and 18-month neurodevelopmental outcomes...
  97. ncbi Longitudinal changes in insulin-like growth factor-I, insulin sensitivity, and secretion from birth to age three years in small-for-gestational-age children
    German Iniguez
    Institute of Maternal and Child Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, 1027 Santiago, Chile
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:4645-9. 2006
    ..In contrast, greater insulin secretion is related to infancy height gains. We hypothesized that IGF-I levels could be differentially related to gains in length and weight and also differentially related to IR and insulin secretion...
  98. ncbi Depressive symptoms among rural Bangladeshi mothers: implications for infant development
    Maureen M Black
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:764-72. 2007
    ....
  99. ncbi Small for gestational age: short stature and beyond
    Paul Saenger
    Department of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10467, USA
    Endocr Rev 28:219-51. 2007
    ..Recent data, however, suggest that long-term treatment with GH does not increase the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and the metabolic syndrome in young adults born SGA...
  100. ncbi Infants return to two-handed reaching when they are learning to walk
    Daniela Corbetta
    Department of Health and Kinesiology, Purdue University, 1362 Lambert, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
    J Mot Behav 34:83-95. 2002
    ..The results suggest that infants' return to 2-handed reaching is experience dependent. Those findings are discussed in terms of the integration of new developing motor skills into existing cognitive and motor repertoires...
  101. pmc Benefits of reducing prenatal exposure to coal-burning pollutants to children's neurodevelopment in China
    Frederica Perera
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:1396-400. 2008
    ..PAHs are reproductive and developmental toxicants, mutagens, and carcinogens...

Research Grants80

  1. Visual Learning
    Daphne Bavelier; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. ZINC AND IRON SUPPLEMENTATION: IMPACT ON DEVELOPMENT
    Maureen Black; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results have important public health implications regarding the timing of micronutrient supplementation and the relationship between micronutrient deficiency and children's behavior and development. ..
  3. Functional Outcomes in Pediatric Liver Transplantation
    Estella Alonso; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  4. STRESS AND BIRTH OUTCOMES
    Curt Sandman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The study design and analytic methods allows for estimation of the unique effects of CRH and psychosocial stress on the length of gestation. ..
  5. Fetal Programming of Early Development
    CURT ALAN SANDMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Prenatal influences of CRH on HPA reactivity (Aim 4) will be evaluated by assessing salivary cortisol at rest and after mild stress. These studies in children are the first to examine the role of prenatal CRH on human development. ..
  6. Winter Neuropeptides Conference
    Curt Sandman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The conference is inclusive for all groups. Half of the organizing and steering committees are women. Efforts are made to include minorities and persons with disabilities. ..
  7. Maternal Stress and Fetal/Infant Development
    Curt Sandman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Emergence of SIB in Developmentally Delayed Individuals
    CURT ALAN SANDMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings from this project will contribute to the understanding of the emergence and maintenance of SIB. ..
  9. CHILDREN'S REASONING ABOUT NATURAL AND INTENTIONAL CAUSE
    CHARLES KALISH; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Causal reasoning strategies may be both sources of error and possible frameworks for understanding elaborated scientific content. ..
  10. Prenatal Drug Exposure: Effects on Adolescent Brain and Behavioral Development
    Maureen Black; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This application examines adacemic performance, socio-emotional functioning, and drug use among adolescents exposed to cocaine and/or heroin prenatally ..
  11. AN INVESTIGATION OF THE SIGNS OF PRETENSE
    Angeline Lillard; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Because children with autism do not engage in spontaneous pretense, it may be useful in understanding autism as well. ..
  12. Neural Substrates of the Development of Recognition Memory
    Simona Ghetti; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Understanding the neural correlates of the development of various learning mechanisms is relevant to facilitating adaptive functioning in a wide range of domains. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Patient Oriented Research in Pediatric Nutrition
    Nancy Krebs; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Toddler Feeding Styles
    Maureen M Black; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. CONCEPTS AND THEORIES IN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
    SUSAN GELMAN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Development of Self-regulation in High Risk Infants
    Julie Poehlmann; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. RISK AND RESILENCE IN CHILDREN OF INCARCERATED MOTHERS
    Julie Poehlmann; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..of incarcerated mothers, the proposed study will extend our knowledge about attachment relationships and child development or resilience in children who have experienced multiple environmental risk factors, and 2) by documenting ..
  18. NEUROBEHAVIORAL SEQUELAE OF CARDIAC SURGERY
    David Bellinger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. NEURODEVELOPMENT AND EXPERIENCE: BEHAVIOR, QEEG AND MRI
    Heidelise Als; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  20. THE DEVELOPMENT OF ABILITY CONCEPTIONS
    GAIL HEYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Together, these studies should provide a nuanced picture of the way in which children of different ages reason about ability, the factors affecting their reasoning, and the motivational consequences. ..
  21. Developmental integration of posture and manual control
    JEFFREY HADDAD; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This ability may be important in normal development, and may help further understand the onset of developmental coordination disorders. ..
  22. Interdisciplinary Training: Neurodevelopmental Toxicology(RMI)
    David Bellinger; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Members of the faculty currently conduct a wealth of multidisciplinary research, which will provide trainees with ready opportunities to apply their training in ongoing research projects. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Effects of oral clefts on birth outcomes and cleft risks due to maternal smoking
    GEORGE WEHBY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Another aim is to obtain consistent estimates of the effect of maternal smoking or cleft lip and palate risk. The proposed model can be applied to study other newborn disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Understanding/Preventing Math Problem/Solving Disability
    Lynn Fuchs; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. Influencing Children's Beliefs Through Language
    VIKRAM JASWAL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It also has important public health implications in terms of how parents, caregivers, and educators can craft their messages to children to effect changes in behaviors and beliefs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. ALCOHOL EFFECT ON HUMAN LACTATION AND INFANT BEHAVIOR
    JULIE MENNELLA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..AIM 3: To explore the role of early experiences with ethanol in mothers' milk and the emotional context of such experiences, on the recognition of, and preference for, the sensory properties of ethanol ..
  27. Do Labels Help Infants Form Non-Obvious Categories?
    VIKRAM JASWAL; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..By considering the role of labeling in the formation of categories, this research will make important contributions to the fields of cognitive and language development. ..
  28. Speech Perception by Infants after Cochlear Implantation
    Derek Houston; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. NEUROBIOLOGIC ORIGINS AND INNOVATIVE TREATMENT OF AUTISM
    Rebecca Landa; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Taken as a whole, the projects should add significantly to our knowledge of the ontogeny of autism and thereby lead to the development of novel treatment approaches. ..
  30. Infant-Mother Negotiation of Motor Risk
    KAREN ADOLPH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. Social-Emotional Assessment of Child's School Readiness
    SUSANNE DENHAM; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. Longitudinal Study of Exposure to Family Violence
    Todd I Herrenkohl; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposal involves a cross-site collaboration between two very qualified, highly productive research teams with extensive experience and considerable investment in this study. ..
  33. THE DEVELOPMENT OF STRATEGY CHOICE PROCEDURES
    Robert Siegler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. OPTOTRAK MOTION MEASUREMENT SYSTEM
    KAREN ADOLPH; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. Preterm Fetal Growth Restriction and Developmental Care
    Heidelise Als; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study will be significant in understanding ways to reduce long-term functional morbidities in FGR infants, as well as in identifying opportunities for enhancing last trimester brain development. ..
  36. WHO MULTICENTER GROWTH REFERENCE STUDY: U.S. SITE
    Kathryn Dewey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will be pooled by WHO to create a new growth reference, applicable to all infants and children internationally. ..
  37. Resilience in Siblings of Children with Mental Disorders
    RYAN KILMER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. FLEXIBILITY OF LEARNING IN INFANT SKILL ACQUISITION
    KAREN ADOLPH; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, results may have practical applications for promoting new skills in typically developing infants and children with motor impairments. ..
  39. Iron and the Breast-fed Infant
    Ekhard Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We expect to find that infants re-excrete iron into the feces when their iron stores are full, but retain most of the absorbed iron when iron stores are low. ..
  40. Health outcomes and improved phenotypic characterization of cleft lip and palate
    GEORGE WEHBY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study results are highly relevant for identifying health care needs, improving care practices and developing strategies to prevent cleft lip and palate and/or reduce its associated adverse effects. ..
  41. EFFECTS OF TEMPORAL STRUCTURE ON MEMORY FOR EVENTS
    Patricia Bauer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Investigations of the long-term fate of early memories, and of the impact of early determinants on later auto-biographical reports, are the subjects of the final three experiments. ..
  42. PRENATAL COCAINE USE--10 YEAR FOLLOW UP
    GALE RICHARDSON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Infant learning of acoustic cues to word boundaries
    ERIK THIESSEN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This research will provide a model for infant acquisition of multiple acoustic regularities associated with word boundaries. ..
  44. Does Early Experience Improve Preterm Neurodevelopment?
    Heidelise Als; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The expected reduction in learning and school failure for the increasing numbers of preterm-born children in the nation's schools, would give the study and the intervention, significant national public health importance., ..
  45. Prevention of Vitamin D Deficiency in Breastfed Infants
    Ekhard Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study has considerable public health importance because of the importance of preventing vitamin D deficiency not only in its severe form, rickets, but also in its milder forms. ..
  46. Children's Conceptions of Lying: East-West Comparisons
    GAIL HEYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In the legal domain, our findings can assist legal practitioners in developing culturally sensitive procedures to assess child witnesses'competence and credibility in courts of law. ..
  47. Early Memory Development: Mechanisms and Methods
    Patricia Bauer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..major ity of the training will take place through the depar tment of neuroscience and at the Institute of Child Development, an internationally known, premier center of research on developmental processes; additional training wi ..
  48. A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF LEAD EXPOSURE AND DENTAL CARIES
    Gene Watson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. THE CHILD'S THEORY OF MIND
    HENRY WELLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. Classes and Stages of Adolescent Alcohol Involvement
    John Donovan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Establishing the stages of adolescent alcohol involvement and the risk factors for transitions among these stages should facilitate the design of more effective prevention and intervention efforts in this population. ..
  51. Development and Formation of Reality-Status Judgments
    Jacqueline D Woolley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings of the proposed studies will potentially have important implications for preschool and elementary education, parenting, and clinical practice with young children. ..
  52. Biological Thought: A Cross-Cultural View
    Sandra Waxman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Three-generation Human Study of Reproductive Effects of Marine Food Contaminants
    PHILIPPE ADAM GRANDJEAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Current evidence already suggests that these pathologies may already affect many populations, and the present proposal aims at identifying whether persistent organochlorine pollutants contribute to these abnormalities. ..
  54. Longitudinal Effects of Spina Bifida on Learning
    Susan Landry; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Completion of the study would allow a link with a significant body of research on school- age children with SB. ..
  55. Development of short-term memory: Chunking in infancy
    Lisa Feigenson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. PBDEs, DDT and Neurodevelopment in School-Aged Mexican-American Children
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  57. Auditory Information and Object Individuation in Infancy
    Teresa Wilcox; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These theories eventually will be used by parents, educators, and daycare providers to create environments that are most likely to facilitate learning about the physical nature of objects in healthy and at-risk infants. ..
  58. Measuring Active Vision in Toddlers and Young Children
    Linda Smith; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..for studying their cascading consequences in social, cognitive and linguistic development, and for developing new therapies and interventions that generalize to the complex natural environment [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Cross-modal processing and lexical development
    Vladimir M Sloutsky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This knowledge may also have broader impact on the clinical community by elucidating factors underlying Specific Language Impairments (SLI). ..
  60. Learning to Listen Ahead in English and Spanish
    Anne Fernald; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. Measurement of Gender Differences in Disability and Care
    Kathryn Yount; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  62. From Child Maltreatment to Adolescent Substance Abuse: Risks, Protective Factors
    Penelope K Trickett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  63. REGULATION OF FLAVIN MONOOXYGENASE GENE EXPRESSION
    RONALD HINES; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..It will be critical for the future rationale design of drugs and therapeutic regimens, as well as for the development of prevention/intervention strategies for at risk individuals or populations. ..
  64. Effects of perinatal endocrine disrupters in children
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Modern statistical methods will be used to determine whether these outcome variables are associated with estrogen, thyroid, or Ah receptor abnormalities and specific contaminant exposures prenatally or postnatally. ..
  65. Promoting Use of Effective Early Intervention Programs
    Jan Wallander; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  66. NEURODEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME OF IN UTERO COCAINE EXPOSURE
    Emmalee Bandstra; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..AIM 3: To estimate the ameliorating or exacerbating effects of the caregiving, family, and community environment on neuropsychological, educational, and emotional/behavioral outcomes, and onset of high risk behaviors. ..
  67. School Wide Prevention of Risk Factors for Drug Abuse
    Ted Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  68. Postnatal Consequences of Fetal Inflammation
    Alan Jobe; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This research will use clinically relevant prenatal exposures and postnatal sensitization to establish under controlled conditions any link between antenatal inflammation and the hygiene hypothesis. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  69. Computer Adaptive Testing of Functional Status
    Stephen Haley; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  70. The Role of Experience in the Development of Spatial Working Memory
    ANNE SCHUTTE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Understanding these processes will lead to a better understanding of spatial working memory deficits, and the development of interventions to alleviate these deficits. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  71. Precursors, Insulators, and Consequences of Inhalant Use
    Diana Fishbein; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  72. BUILDING BETTER BONES IN CHILDREN
    Babette Zemel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  73. Empirical Investigation of a Computational Model of Executive Function
    Stuart Marcovitch; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  74. INCOME AND EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS ON CHILDREN AND FAMILIES
    Aletha Huston; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..designed to test the effects of an employment-based anti-poverty program on family functioning and child development, using both large-scale surveys and ethnographic qualitative methods...
  75. Family Imaging Study of Children at Risk for Anxiety
    Jerrold Rosenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  76. Cross Cultural Parenting
    Leanne Whiteside Mansell; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..evidence would support differences in parenting and its association with family characteristics and child development, little empirical examinations have been conducted beyond comparisons of African American and European ..
  77. Definition and Development of the Phenotype of Autism
    Sally Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  78. Neurocognitive Prerequisites for Preventing Drug Abuse
    Diana Fishbein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This study will provide valuable insights for developing preventive interventions, individualized according to underlying pathology, for adolescents who tend to be refractory to standard treatments. ..
  79. Neurocognitive Function in Russian Heroin Addicts
    Diana Fishbein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study will significantly contribute to NIDA's goal to support international collaborative research to increase understanding of consequences of drug abuse. ..
  80. Neurodevelopment Among Infants with Deformational Plagiocephaly
    Matthew Speltz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....