loneliness

Summary

Summary: The state of feeling sad or dejected as a result of lack of companionship or being separated from others.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The clinical significance of loneliness: a literature review
    Liesl M Heinrich
    School of Psychology, Psychiatry, and Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing, and Health Sciences, Monash University, VIC 3800, Australia
    Clin Psychol Rev 26:695-718. 2006
  2. pmc A meta-analysis of interventions to reduce loneliness
    Christopher M Masi
    Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 15:219-66. 2011
  3. ncbi Oxytocin increases autonomic cardiac control: moderation by loneliness
    Greg J Norman
    Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Biol Psychol 86:174-80. 2011
  4. pmc Social isolation, loneliness, and all-cause mortality in older men and women
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:5797-801. 2013
  5. pmc Loneliness matters: a theoretical and empirical review of consequences and mechanisms
    Louise C Hawkley
    Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Ann Behav Med 40:218-27. 2010
  6. pmc Loneliness, health, and mortality in old age: a national longitudinal study
    Ye Luo
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Clemson University, 130F Brackett Hall, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
    Soc Sci Med 74:907-14. 2012
  7. ncbi Loneliness, lack of emotional support, lack of companionship, and the likelihood of having a heart condition in an elderly sample
    Dara Sorkin
    Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine 92697 7085, USA
    Ann Behav Med 24:290-8. 2002
  8. ncbi Loneliness in older persons: a predictor of functional decline and death
    Carla M Perissinotto
    Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Arch Intern Med 172:1078-83. 2012
  9. ncbi Loneliness, social support networks, mood and wellbeing in community-dwelling elderly
    Jeannette Golden
    St Patrick s Hospital, Dublin
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 24:694-700. 2009
  10. ncbi Correlation between loneliness and social relationship among empty nest elderly in Anhui rural area, China
    Zhen Qiang Wu
    Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China
    Aging Ment Health 14:108-12. 2010

Detail Information

Publications342 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The clinical significance of loneliness: a literature review
    Liesl M Heinrich
    School of Psychology, Psychiatry, and Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing, and Health Sciences, Monash University, VIC 3800, Australia
    Clin Psychol Rev 26:695-718. 2006
    ..In this review, we focus on loneliness as a crucial marker of social relationship deficits and contend that loneliness should command clinicians' ..
  2. pmc A meta-analysis of interventions to reduce loneliness
    Christopher M Masi
    Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 15:219-66. 2011
    Social and demographic trends are placing an increasing number of adults at risk for loneliness, an established risk factor for physical and mental illness...
  3. ncbi Oxytocin increases autonomic cardiac control: moderation by loneliness
    Greg J Norman
    Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Biol Psychol 86:174-80. 2011
    ..Furthermore, the effects of oxytocin on cardiac autonomic control were significantly associated with loneliness ratings...
  4. pmc Social isolation, loneliness, and all-cause mortality in older men and women
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:5797-801. 2013
    Both social isolation and loneliness are associated with increased mortality, but it is uncertain whether their effects are independent or whether loneliness represents the emotional pathway through which social isolation impairs health...
  5. pmc Loneliness matters: a theoretical and empirical review of consequences and mechanisms
    Louise C Hawkley
    Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Ann Behav Med 40:218-27. 2010
    ..Perceptions of social isolation, or loneliness, increase vigilance for threat and heighten feelings of vulnerability while also raising the desire to reconnect...
  6. pmc Loneliness, health, and mortality in old age: a national longitudinal study
    Ye Luo
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Clemson University, 130F Brackett Hall, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
    Soc Sci Med 74:907-14. 2012
    This study examined the relationship between loneliness, health, and mortality using a U.S. nationally representative sample of 2101 adults aged 50 years and over from the 2002 to 2008 waves of the Health and Retirement Study...
  7. ncbi Loneliness, lack of emotional support, lack of companionship, and the likelihood of having a heart condition in an elderly sample
    Dara Sorkin
    Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine 92697 7085, USA
    Ann Behav Med 24:290-8. 2002
    ..Researchers have attributed this association to the feelings of loneliness that accompany social isolation, but they have rarely assessed loneliness directly...
  8. ncbi Loneliness in older persons: a predictor of functional decline and death
    Carla M Perissinotto
    Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Arch Intern Med 172:1078-83. 2012
    b>Loneliness is a common source of distress, suffering, and impaired quality of life in older persons. We examined the relationship between loneliness, functional decline, and death in adults older than 60 years in the United States.
  9. ncbi Loneliness, social support networks, mood and wellbeing in community-dwelling elderly
    Jeannette Golden
    St Patrick s Hospital, Dublin
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 24:694-700. 2009
    Both loneliness and social networks have been linked with mood and wellbeing. However, few studies have examined these factors simultaneously in community-dwelling participants...
  10. ncbi Correlation between loneliness and social relationship among empty nest elderly in Anhui rural area, China
    Zhen Qiang Wu
    Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China
    Aging Ment Health 14:108-12. 2010
    To study the possible associations between loneliness and social relationship (social support and family function) in Chinese empty nest elderly.
  11. ncbi Daily life after moving into a care home--experiences from older people, relatives and contact persons
    Ingegerd Andersson
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    J Clin Nurs 16:1712-8. 2007
    ..Furthermore, the aim was to study the experiences of their relatives and contact persons with respect to the daily life of the same residents...
  12. pmc Loneliness and cortisol: momentary, day-to-day, and trait associations
    Leah D Doane
    Cells to Society Center, Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 35:430-41. 2010
    ..to understand the social determinants of health, strong associations have been found between measures of loneliness, physiological stress processes, and physical and mental health outcomes...
  13. ncbi Cross-national differences in older adult loneliness
    Tineke Fokkema
    Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute The Hague, The Netherlands
    J Psychol 146:201-28. 2012
    b>Loneliness concerns the subjective evaluation that the number of relationships is smaller than the individual considers desirable or that the intimacy that the individual wishes for has not been realized...
  14. ncbi Loneliness and risk of Alzheimer disease
    Robert S Wilson
    Rush Alzheimer s Disease Center, Rush Institute for Healthy Aging, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:234-40. 2007
    Social isolation in old age has been associated with risk of developing dementia, but the risk associated with perceived isolation, or loneliness, is not well understood.
  15. pmc Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction training reduces loneliness and pro-inflammatory gene expression in older adults: a small randomized controlled trial
    J David Creswell
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United States
    Brain Behav Immun 26:1095-101. 2012
    ..Previous behavioral treatments have attempted to reduce loneliness and its concomitant health risks, but have had limited success...
  16. pmc Perceived social isolation makes me sad: 5-year cross-lagged analyses of loneliness and depressive symptomatology in the Chicago Health, Aging, and Social Relations Study
    John T Cacioppo
    Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience, University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Psychol Aging 25:453-63. 2010
    We present evidence from a 5-year longitudinal study for the prospective associations between loneliness and depressive symptoms in a population-based, ethnically diverse sample of 229 men and women who were 50-68 years old at study onset...
  17. pmc Loneliness and HIV-related stigma explain depression among older HIV-positive adults
    Christian Grov
    Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences, Brooklyn College of City University of New York, NY, USA
    AIDS Care 22:630-9. 2010
    ..Correlations between depression, loneliness, health, and HIV/AIDS-related stigma have been studied, but there is little evaluation of these associations ..
  18. ncbi Predictors and subjective causes of loneliness in an aged population
    N Savikko
    The Central Union for the Welfare of the Aged, Malmin Kauppatie 26, 00700 Helsinki, Finland
    Arch Gerontol Geriatr 41:223-33. 2005
    The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence and self-reported causes of loneliness among Finnish older population...
  19. pmc Alone in the crowd: the structure and spread of loneliness in a large social network
    John T Cacioppo
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 97:977-91. 2009
    The discrepancy between an individual's loneliness and the number of connections in a social network is well documented, yet little is known about the placement of loneliness within, or the spread of loneliness through, social networks...
  20. pmc Loneliness predicts reduced physical activity: cross-sectional & longitudinal analyses
    Louise C Hawkley
    University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Health Psychol 28:354-63. 2009
    To determine cross-sectional and prospective associations between loneliness and physical activity, and to evaluate the roles of social control and emotion regulation as mediators of these associations.
  21. pmc Perceived social isolation and cognition
    John T Cacioppo
    Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience, University of Chicago, 5848 S University Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:447-54. 2009
    ..Research indicates that perceived social isolation (i.e. loneliness) is a risk factor for, and may contribute to, poorer overall cognitive performance, faster cognitive decline, ..
  22. ncbi Loneliness is a unique predictor of age-related differences in systolic blood pressure
    Louise C Hawkley
    Chicago Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience, and Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, 5848 South University Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Psychol Aging 21:152-64. 2006
    ..5), from Cook County, Illinois (N = 229), was tested to examine how loneliness and co-occurring psychosocial factors (depressive symptoms, perceived stress, social support, and hostility) ..
  23. ncbi Loneliness and health: potential mechanisms
    John T Cacioppo
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Psychosom Med 64:407-17. 2002
    Two studies using cross-sectional designs explored four possible mechanisms by which loneliness may have deleterious effects on health: health behaviors, cardiovascular activation, cortisol levels, and sleep.
  24. ncbi Loneliness in old age: longitudinal changes and their determinants in an Israeli sample
    Jiska Cohen-Mansfield
    Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Int Psychogeriatr 21:1160-70. 2009
    There is a paucity of past research concerning longitudinal changes in loneliness in old age and in the factors that correlate with loneliness in older persons...
  25. pmc Changes in depressive symptoms, social support, and loneliness over 1 year after a minimum 3-month videoconference program for older nursing home residents
    Hsiu Hsin Tsai
    School of Nursing, Chang Gung University, Tao Yuan, Taiwan
    J Med Internet Res 13:e93. 2011
    A 3-month videoconference interaction program with family members has been shown to decrease depression and loneliness in nursing home residents...
  26. ncbi Mental well-being: a 16-year follow-up among older residents in Jyväskylä
    Riitta Liisa Heikkinen
    Department of Health Sciences, The Finnish Centre for Interdisciplinary Gerontology, PO Box 35 Viveca, FIN 40014 University of Jyväskylä, Finland
    Arch Gerontol Geriatr 52:33-9. 2011
    This study investigated changes in perceived depression, anxiety and loneliness during a 16-year follow-up among elderly Jyväskylä residents born in 1914-1923...
  27. ncbi Predictors of loneliness in U.S. adults over age sixty-five
    Laurie A Theeke
    Department of Health Restoration, West Virginia University School of Nursing, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Arch Psychiatr Nurs 23:387-96. 2009
    The purpose of this study was to examine sociodemographic and health-related risks for loneliness among older adults using Health and Retirement Study Data. Overall prevalence of loneliness was 19.3%...
  28. ncbi Sociodemographic and health-related risks for loneliness and outcome differences by loneliness status in a sample of U.S. older adults
    Laurie A Theeke
    West Virginia University School of Nursing, Department of Health Restoration, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 6400, USA
    Res Gerontol Nurs 3:113-25. 2010
    This study assesses sociodemographic and health-related factors associated with loneliness and outcome differences between loneliness groups using a sample of 13,812 older adults from the U.S Health and Retirement Study...
  29. ncbi Loneliness as a risk factor for hypertension in later life
    Yadollah Abolfathi Momtaz
    Institute of Gerontology, Department of Resource Management and Consumer Studies, Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia
    J Aging Health 24:696-710. 2012
    The present study aims to determine the impact of loneliness on hypertension in later life.
  30. ncbi Effects of a program to prevent social isolation on loneliness, depression, and subjective well-being of older adults: a randomized trial among older migrants in Japan
    Tami Saito
    School of Public Health, The University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
    Arch Gerontol Geriatr 55:539-47. 2012
    ..Using a randomized trial, this study examined the effect of a social isolation prevention program on loneliness, depression, and subjective well-being of the elderly in Japan...
  31. ncbi Loneliness and ethnic minority elders in Great Britain: an exploratory study
    Christina R Victor
    School of Health Sciences and Social Care, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UB8 3PH, UK
    J Cross Cult Gerontol 27:65-78. 2012
    b>Loneliness, which describes the deficit between an individuals' expectation of the quality and/or quantity of social relationships and the actuality, is associated with poor quality of life, negative health outcomes and, in some cases, ..
  32. ncbi The relation between trust beliefs and loneliness during early childhood, middle childhood, and adulthood
    Ken J Rotenberg
    Keele University, School of Psychology, Keele, UK
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 36:1086-100. 2010
    Four studies examined the relation between trust and loneliness. Studies 1, 2, and 3 showed that trust beliefs negatively predicted changes in loneliness during early childhood (5-7 years), middle childhood (9-11 years), and young ..
  33. ncbi Old age and loneliness: cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses in the Tampere Longitudinal Study on Aging
    Marja Jylha
    School of Public Health, University of Tampere, Finland
    Can J Aging 23:157-68. 2004
    The purpose of this study was to examine whether older age is associated with increasing loneliness in people aged 60 and over. Data came from TamELSA, a population-based prospective longitudinal study in Tampere, Finland...
  34. ncbi The relationship of loneliness and social anxiety with children's and adolescents' online communication
    Luigi Bonetti
    School of Learning and Professional Studies, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 13:279-85. 2010
    ..and adolescents' psychosocial development; however, they can be difficult for those who experience feelings of loneliness and/or social anxiety...
  35. pmc Loneliness: its correlates and association with health behaviours and outcomes in nine countries of the former Soviet Union
    Andrew Stickley
    European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e67978. 2013
    Research suggests that the prevalence of loneliness varies between countries and that feeling lonely may be associated with poorer health behaviours and outcomes...
  36. ncbi Loneliness and pathways to disease
    Louise C Hawkley
    Institute for Mind and Biology, The University of Chicago, 940 E 57th Street, IL 60637, USA
    Brain Behav Immun 17:S98-105. 2003
    ..Perceived social isolation, commonly termed loneliness, may represent a link between the epidemiological and biological levels of analysis...
  37. pmc Loneliness and the rate of motor decline in old age: the Rush Memory and Aging Project, a community-based cohort study
    Aron S Buchman
    Department of Neurological Sciences, Rush Alzheimer s Disease Center, Rush University Medical Center, 600 S, Paulina, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
    BMC Geriatr 10:77. 2010
    ..We tested the hypothesis that feeling alone is associated with the rate of motor decline in community-dwelling older persons...
  38. ncbi Implicit and explicit self-esteem as concurrent predictors of suicidal ideation, depressive symptoms, and loneliness
    Daan H M Creemers
    Mental Health Care Institute, GGZ Oost Brabant, Burg Kuyperlaan 5, 5461 AA Veghel, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 43:638-46. 2012
    ..these two constructs, and their discrepancy are associated with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneliness. Participants were 95 young female adults (M = 21.2 years, SD = 1.88) enrolled in higher education...
  39. ncbi The dopamine D2 receptor gene, perceived parental support, and adolescent loneliness: longitudinal evidence for gene-environment interactions
    Eeske van Roekel
    Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:1044-51. 2011
    b>Loneliness is a common problem in adolescence. Earlier research focused on genes within the serotonin and oxytocin systems, but no studies have examined the role of dopamine-related genes in loneliness...
  40. ncbi Loneliness, social support and family function of people living with HIV/AIDS in Anhui rural area, China
    Y H Sun
    Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China
    Int J STD AIDS 20:255-8. 2009
    The main purpose of this study was to investigate how loneliness was associated with social support and family function among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in an HIV-stricken area of China...
  41. ncbi European and Canadian studies of loneliness among seniors
    Daniel Perlman
    School of Social Work and Family Studies, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
    Can J Aging 23:181-8. 2004
    This article provides a commentary on a set of five other articles reporting European and Canadian studies of loneliness among seniors...
  42. ncbi Loneliness and stress-related inflammatory and neuroendocrine responses in older men and women
    Ruth A Hackett
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 37:1801-9. 2012
    b>Loneliness is a predictor of mortality and increased cardiovascular morbidity. Inflammation is a potential pathway through which loneliness might impact health...
  43. ncbi Loneliness, social isolation, and behavioral and biological health indicators in older adults
    Aparna Shankar
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Health Psychol 30:377-85. 2011
    A number of mechanisms have been proposed through which social isolation and loneliness may affect health, including health-related behavioral and biological factors...
  44. ncbi The prevalence of loneliness among adults: a case study of the United Kingdom
    Christina R Victor
    School of Health Sciences and Social Care, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, United Kingdom
    J Psychol 146:85-104. 2012
    Within contemporary Western (post) modern societies, loneliness is seen as a problem that is particularly associated with old age. Much less attention has been given to examining variations in loneliness across age groups...
  45. ncbi Loneliness in everyday life: cardiovascular activity, psychosocial context, and health behaviors
    Louise C Hawkley
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 85:105-20. 2003
    ..Results confirmed that loneliness predicted higher TPR and lower CO during a normal day...
  46. ncbi Functions of loneliness, social support, health behaviors, and stress in association with poor health
    Chris Segrin
    Department of Communication, University of Arizona, AZ, USA
    Health Commun 25:312-22. 2010
    Prior research has established clear links between social support, loneliness, and various health outcomes. This study was designed to test several theoretically derived explanations for such associations...
  47. ncbi The effect of loneliness on malnutrition in elderly population
    Enisa Ramic
    Family Medicine Simin Han, Health Center, Mustafa Sehovic Tuzla, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Med Arh 65:92-5. 2011
    ..Due to various factors, older people are potentially vulnerable groups at risk of malnutrition. Loneliness, isolation from society and neglect of parents by children is a big problem to many people in old age.
  48. ncbi Loneliness, health and depression in older males
    F M Alpass
    School of Psychology, Massey University, New Zealand
    Aging Ment Health 7:212-6. 2003
    b>Loneliness and social isolation, particularly in the older adult, have been shown to influence psychosocial well-being...
  49. ncbi Stress, loneliness, and depression in Taiwanese rural community-dwelling elders
    J J Wang
    Fooyin Institute of Technology, 151 Chinh-hsuen Road, Ta-Liao Hsiang, 83101, Kaohsiung Hsien, Taiwan
    Int J Nurs Stud 38:339-47. 2001
    This study examined the stressors and stress levels, loneliness, and depression experienced by Taiwanese rural elders and determine if differences in the level of stress were associated with specific person-environmental characteristics...
  50. ncbi Loneliness and the metabolic syndrome in a population-based sample of middle-aged and older adults
    Mark A Whisman
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Health Psychol 29:550-4. 2010
    This study evaluated the association between loneliness and the metabolic syndrome, which refers to a clustering of factors that have been shown to increase risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, and mortality...
  51. ncbi Friendship, loneliness and depression in adolescents with Asperger's Syndrome
    Andrew J O Whitehouse
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    J Adolesc 32:309-22. 2009
    This study investigated the relation between friendship, loneliness and depressive symptoms in adolescents with Asperger's Syndrome (AS)...
  52. pmc Loneliness predicts increased blood pressure: 5-year cross-lagged analyses in middle-aged and older adults
    Louise C Hawkley
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, 940 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Psychol Aging 25:132-41. 2010
    b>Loneliness is a prevalent social problem with serious physiological and health implications...
  53. ncbi How can I connect with thee? Let me count the ways
    Louise C Hawkley
    Institute for Mind and Biology, The University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:798-804. 2005
    Two studies were conducted to examine mental representations of loneliness and social connectedness. In Study 1, young adults (N = 2,531) completed the revised UCLA Loneliness Scale (R-UCLA scale) and demographic questionnaires...
  54. ncbi Associations between the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) and affect, loneliness and intelligence in normal subjects
    Michael J Lucht
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Greifswald, Germany
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 33:860-6. 2009
    ..We tested hypotheses of associations between positive and negative affects and social and emotional loneliness (285 adults), IQ (117 adolescents) and polymorphisms of the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR rs53576, rs2254298 and ..
  55. ncbi Breaking the cycle of loneliness? Psychological effects of a friendship enrichment program for older women
    C M S Martina
    Centre for Psychogerontology, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Aging Ment Health 10:467-75. 2006
    ..designed to stimulate improvement in friendship, self-esteem and subjective well-being, as well as reduction in loneliness among older women...
  56. pmc Familial resemblance for loneliness
    Marijn A Distel
    Biological Psychology, VU University, Van der Boechorststraat 1, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Behav Genet 40:480-94. 2010
    Social isolation and loneliness in humans have been associated with physical and psychological morbidity, as well as mortality. This study aimed to assess the etiology of individual differences in feelings of loneliness...
  57. ncbi Anxiety, social deficits, and loneliness in youth with autism spectrum disorders
    Susan W White
    Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 24061, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 39:1006-13. 2009
    The purpose of this study was to explore relationships among anxiety, loneliness, and degree of social skill deficit in a sample of youth with autism spectrum disorders (ASD)...
  58. ncbi Loneliness, fear, and quality of life among elderly in Sweden: a gender perspective
    Ulf Jakobsson
    Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    Aging Clin Exp Res 17:494-501. 2005
    The aim of this work was to study feelings of loneliness and fear among elderly people (75+) in a gender perspective, and to explore their causes.
  59. ncbi Loneliness as a predictor of hospital emergency department use
    J Geller
    Lawrence Family Practice Residency, MA 01841, USA
    J Fam Pract 48:801-4. 1999
    Recent studies indicate that loneliness is a significant risk factor for many ailments from colds to heart disease...
  60. ncbi Cross-national comparisons of social isolation and loneliness: introduction and overview
    Jenny de Jong Gierveld
    Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities and Social Sciences, The Hague
    Can J Aging 23:109-13. 2004
    This article provides an introduction to the special volume on research related to issues of social isolation and loneliness for older people...
  61. ncbi Genetic and environmental contributions to loneliness in children
    S McGuire
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Psychol Sci 11:487-91. 2000
    This report presents the results of the first behavioral genetic studies of children's loneliness. Data were collected using both an adoption design and a twin-sibling design...
  62. ncbi Changes in and factors related to loneliness in older men. The Zutphen Elderly Study
    M A Tijhuis
    Department of Chronic Diseases Epidemiology, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Age Ageing 28:491-5. 1999
    To investigate (i) whether loneliness increases in old age, and if so, whether it relates to ageing itself, to time trends or to cohort effects and (ii) the relationship between changes in institutionalization, partner status and health ..
  63. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of the psychosocial impact of providing internet training and access to older adults
    H White
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Aging Ment Health 6:213-21. 2002
    ..The pre & post measures included the UCLA Loneliness scale, modified CES Depression scale, a measure of locus of control, computer attitudes, number of confidants, ..
  64. ncbi Loneliness and neuroendocrine, cardiovascular, and inflammatory stress responses in middle-aged men and women
    Andrew Steptoe
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 29:593-611. 2004
    b>Loneliness is a psychological experience related to social isolation and perceived lack of companionship, and may be relevant to health risk...
  65. ncbi [Reference standards for the loneliness scale]
    T G van Tilburg
    Inderdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut, Den Haag en VUA
    Tijdschr Gerontol Geriatr 30:158-63. 1999
    This article focuses on the cutting scores for the measurement of loneliness on the Loneliness Scale. A cutting score is used to distinguish the lonely from the not lonely...
  66. ncbi Social network, social support, and loneliness in older persons with different chronic diseases
    B W Penninx
    Vrije University, Amsterdam
    J Aging Health 11:151-68. 1999
    This study examines whether patterns of social network size, functional social support, and loneliness are different for older persons with different types of chronic diseases.
  67. ncbi Social contacts and their relationship to loneliness among aged people - a population-based study
    Pirkko E Routasalo
    Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku, Finland
    Gerontology 52:181-7. 2006
    Emotional loneliness and social isolation are major problems in old age. These concepts are interrelated and often used interchangeably, but few studies have investigated them simultaneously thus trying to clarify their relationship.
  68. ncbi Loneliness and risk of mortality: a longitudinal investigation in Alameda County, California
    Andrew C Patterson
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z1
    Soc Sci Med 71:181-6. 2010
    We investigated the prospective impact of self-reported loneliness on all-cause mortality, mortality from ischemic disease and mortality from other cardiovascular diseases...
  69. ncbi Improved self-management ability and well-being in older women after a short group intervention
    I P Kremers
    Department of Geriatrics and Internal Medicine, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Aging Ment Health 10:476-84. 2006
    ..55 years of age and older, improved with regard to self-management ability, well-being, and social and emotional loneliness after having participated in a newly designed self-management group intervention based on the Self-Management of ..
  70. ncbi Genetic and environmental contributions to loneliness in adults: the Netherlands twin register study
    Dorret I Boomsma
    Vrije Universiteit, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 Amsterdam, BT, The Netherlands
    Behav Genet 35:745-52. 2005
    ..based on two small studies in children indicate that the genetic contribution to individual differences in loneliness is approximately 50%...
  71. ncbi Effects of psychosocial group rehabilitation on social functioning, loneliness and well-being of lonely, older people: randomized controlled trial
    Pirkko E Routasalo
    The Central Union for the Welfare of the Aged, Helsinki, Finland
    J Adv Nurs 65:297-305. 2009
    This paper is a report of a study to explore the effects of psychosocial group nursing intervention on older people's feelings of loneliness, social activity and psychological well-being.
  72. ncbi [Loneliness interventions among older adults: sense or nonsense?]
    C M Fokkema
    NIDI, Den Haag
    Tijdschr Gerontol Geriatr 38:185-203. 2007
    This article focuses on the most important findings of a unique evaluation study of loneliness interventions among older adults...
  73. pmc Adverse adolescent relationship histories and young adult health: cumulative effects of loneliness, low parental support, relationship instability, intimate partner violence, and loss
    Emma K Adam
    Cells to Society C2S The Center on Social Disparities and Health, Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
    J Adolesc Health 49:278-86. 2011
    ..To examine the associations between adverse interpersonal relationship histories experienced during adolescence and health in young adulthood in a large, nationally representative sample...
  74. ncbi Loneliness, social networks, and mortality: 18 years of follow-up
    Esther Iecovich
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Sociology of Health and Gerontology, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Int J Aging Hum Dev 72:243-63. 2011
    We examined the influence of changes in loneliness and social support networks upon mortality during 18 years of follow-up among an elderly cohort and determined the gender-specific nature of this relationship...
  75. ncbi Facets of loneliness and depression among Chinese children and adolescents
    S Lau
    Center for Child Develop, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong
    J Soc Psychol 139:713-29. 1999
    The authors examined the relation among different facets of loneliness and depression in a sample of 6,356 Chinese children and adolescents from Grades 4-9...
  76. pmc Loneliness as a sexual risk factor for male Mexican migrant workers
    Miguel Muñoz-Laboy
    Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 West 168th St, 5th Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:802-10. 2009
    ..structured interviews (n = 50), and life history interviews (n = 10) to examine the relationship between loneliness and HIV/AIDS risk for recently arrived (within the last 3 years) male Mexican migrant workers in New York City...
  77. ncbi [A shortened scale for overall, emotional and social loneliness]
    J de Jong Gierveld
    Netherlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut, Den Haag
    Tijdschr Gerontol Geriatr 39:4-15. 2008
    b>Loneliness is an indicator of social well-being and pertains to the feeling of missing an intimate relationship (emotional loneliness) or missing a wider social network (social loneliness)...
  78. ncbi The effects of reminiscence therapy on psychological well-being, depression, and loneliness among the institutionalized aged
    Kai Jo Chiang
    Department of Nursing, Tri Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 25:380-8. 2010
    To examine the effects of reminiscence therapy on psychological well-being, depression, and loneliness among institutionalized elderly people.
  79. ncbi Patterns of loneliness in an immigrant population
    Alexander M Ponizovsky
    Mental Health Services, Department of Research and Planning, Ministry of Health, Jerusalem, Israel
    Compr Psychiatry 45:408-14. 2004
    b>Loneliness has been recognized as a public health problem that requires the attention of clinicians and researchers both as a condition in itself and in its relation to other conditions...
  80. ncbi Changes in loneliness during middle childhood predict risk for adolescent suicidality indirectly through mental health problems
    Angela C Jones
    John Carroll University, USA
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 40:818-24. 2011
    We investigated whether changes in loneliness during middle childhood as well as from middle childhood into adolescence were associated with adolescent self-harm behaviors and suicidal thoughts using a community sample of 889 participants...
  81. ncbi On failed intersubjectivity: Recollections of loneliness experiences in offspring of Holocaust survivors
    Hadas Wiseman
    Faculty of Education, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 78:350-8. 2008
    Intergenerational consequences of extensive trauma experienced by parents for the loneliness experienced by their children were explored in 52 adults (26 men and 26 women) who grew up in Holocaust survivor families...
  82. ncbi Psychosocial group rehabilitation for lonely older people: favourable processes and mediating factors of the intervention leading to alleviated loneliness
    Niina Savikko
    The Central Union for the Welfare of the Aged, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Older People Nurs 5:16-24. 2010
    b>Loneliness among community-dwelling older people is a common problem, with serious health consequences.
  83. ncbi Association of MTHFR C677T polymorphism with loneliness but not depression in cognitively normal elderly males
    Wen Hsuan Lan
    Department of Psychiatry, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Neurosci Lett 521:88-91. 2012
    ..The present work aimed to investigate the effect of MTHFR C677T polymorphism on the presence of depression and loneliness in cognitively normal male subjects...
  84. ncbi Islands of loneliness: exploring social interaction through the autobiographies of individuals with autism
    Julie Causton-Theoharis
    Department of Teaching and Leadership, School of Education, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA
    Intellect Dev Disabil 47:84-96. 2009
    ..This article discusses the broad themes of (a) the desire to have connections and (b) navigation through the world of people. Last, implications for the education of individuals with autism are considered...
  85. ncbi An exploration of loneliness: communication and the social networks of older people with cerebral palsy
    Liora Ballin
    Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Australia
    J Intellect Dev Disabil 32:315-26. 2007
    There is a large body of research focusing on the experiences of loneliness of older adults, yet little is known about the loneliness experiences of older adults with lifelong disability...
  86. ncbi Loneliness in patients with rheumatic diseases: the significance of invalidation and lack of social support
    Marianne B Kool
    Utrecht University, Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Psychol 146:229-41. 2012
    ..b>Loneliness is prevalent in individuals with rheumatic diseases...
  87. ncbi Addressing loneliness in later life
    Simone Pettigrew
    UWA Business School, University of Western Australia, Crawley WA, Australia
    Aging Ment Health 12:302-9. 2008
    Social and solitary pastimes with the potential to ameliorate the experience of loneliness among older individuals were investigated for the purpose of informing future interventions designed to reduce the negative consequences of social ..
  88. ncbi Social support, loneliness, recuperative processes, and their direct and indirect effects on health
    Chris Segrin
    Department of Communication, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Health Commun 26:221-32. 2011
    This study tested predictions that potentially explain why social support is associated with better health and loneliness is associated with poorer health...
  89. ncbi The SOLINUT study: analysis of the interaction between nutrition and loneliness in persons aged over 70 years
    M Ferry
    CH de Valence et Centre de Prevention CDPRV 26 24 rue du Jeu de Paume 26000 Valence, France
    J Nutr Health Aging 9:261-8. 2005
    Insufficient nutritional status is a frequent problem in the elderly, correlated with aging, diseases, but also environmental factors in this growing part of the population. Loneliness should be one of these factors.
  90. ncbi How daydreaming relates to life satisfaction, loneliness, and social support: the importance of gender and daydream content
    Raymond A Mar
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Conscious Cogn 21:401-7. 2012
    ..we daydream about influences the relation between daydreaming and happiness variables like life satisfaction, loneliness, and perceived social support (Study 3; N=361)...
  91. ncbi Situational versus chronic loneliness as risk factors for all-cause mortality
    Sharon Shiovitz-Ezra
    Paul Baerwald School of Social Work and Social Welfare, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
    Int Psychogeriatr 22:455-62. 2010
    Several international studies have substantiated the role of loneliness as a risk factor for mortality...
  92. ncbi Look (closely) at all the lonely people: age and the social psychology of social support
    Jason Schnittker
    University of Pennsylvania, Department of Sociology, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6299, USA
    J Aging Health 19:659-82. 2007
    ..This article explores the relationship between age and social support. Previous research on the relationship has reached inconsistent conclusions...
  93. ncbi Relations among loneliness, social anxiety, and problematic Internet use
    Scott E Caplan
    Department of Communication, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
    Cyberpsychol Behav 10:234-42. 2007
    ..The study examined the extent to which social anxiety explains results previously attributed to loneliness as a predictor of preference for online social interaction and problematic Internet use...
  94. ncbi Loneliness and depression in caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease or related disorders
    R Beeson
    University of Akron, USA
    Issues Ment Health Nurs 21:779-806. 2000
    ..daughters providing care for Alzheimer's disease family members was conducted to examine the relationships among loneliness and depression and the following variables: quality of the past relationship, relational deprivation, quality of ..
  95. ncbi Boredom-proneness, loneliness, social engagement and depression and their association with cognitive function in older people: a population study
    Ronan M Conroy
    Division of Population Health Sciences, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland
    Psychol Health Med 15:463-73. 2010
    ..Republic to examine the relationship of cognitive impairment, assessed using the Abbreviated Mental Test, with loneliness, boredom-proneness, social relations, and depression...
  96. ncbi Social isolation, loneliness and health among older adults
    Caitlin E Coyle
    University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA 02125 3393, USA
    J Aging Health 24:1346-63. 2012
    To examine the relationship of social isolation, loneliness and health outcomes among older adults.
  97. pmc Perception and negative effect of loneliness in a Chicago Chinese population of older adults
    XinQi Dong
    Rush Institute for Healthy Aging, 1645 West Jackson Boulevard, Suite 675, Chicago, IL 60612, United States
    Arch Gerontol Geriatr 54:151-9. 2012
    This qualitative study aims to investigate the cultural understandings of loneliness, identify the contexts of loneliness, and to examine its effect on the health and well-being of U.S. Chinese older adults...
  98. ncbi Animal-assisted therapy and loneliness in nursing homes: use of robotic versus living dogs
    Marian R Banks
    Division of Geriatrics, Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Am Med Dir Assoc 9:173-7. 2008
    b>Loneliness is a common problem in long-term care facilities (LTCF) and previous work has shown that animal-assisted therapy (AAT) can to some degree reverse loneliness...
  99. ncbi Living arrangements, social integration, and loneliness in later life: the case of physical disability
    David Russell
    Center for Home Care Policy and Research, Visiting Nurse Service of New York, New York, NY 10001, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 50:460-75. 2009
    ..and social integration, relatively limited research has considered how living arrangements affect risk for loneliness in later life...
  100. ncbi A short-form measure of loneliness among second-generation migrants
    F Neto
    , Universidade do Porto, R. do Campo Alegre, 1055, 4150 Porto, Portugal
    Psychol Rep 88:201-2. 2001
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric characteristics of a 6-item measure to assess loneliness among 109 second-generation adolescent migrants...
  101. ncbi Impact of cochlear implantation on speech understanding, depression, and loneliness in the elderly
    Sarah F Poissant
    Communication Disorders Department, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA
    J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 37:488-94. 2008
    To compare speech understanding ability, the level of depression, and the degree of loneliness experienced by elderly cochlear implant (CI) users (>or= 70 years), adult CI users (<or= 60 years), and elderly hearing aid (HA) users (&..

Research Grants63

  1. Inflammation, Stress, and Social Behavior: Using Ecological Assessments and Model
    Charles Raison; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Conversely, negative social processes (NSP)-whether measured as loneliness, social isolation or interpersonal conflict-predict disease development and concomitant increases in disease-..
  2. The Psychosocial &Genetic Basis of Estrogen Metabolism &Blood Pressure in Aging
    CHRISTOPHER MAURICE MASI; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..John Cacioppo, this study seeks to explain the effect of psychosocial factors, including loneliness, on age-related changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP)...
  3. Gene Transfer Tools for Delivery and Investigation of Inner Ear MicroRNAs
    MICHELLE LYNN STOLLER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In some cases, these individuals contend with feelings of loneliness and depression because they find it difficult to communicate with the people around them...
  4. Social relationships, economic shocks, sleep and wellbeing among older adults
    DIANE SPERLING LAUDERDALE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., loneliness, anxiety, depression) or predict indicators of physiological function (cognition, inflammatory markers, cortisol ..
  5. Development of social comparison and its effect on empathy
    Mina Cikara; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..by applicant): Victims of bullying suffer deleterious psychological consequences including low self-esteem, loneliness, and depression...
  6. Self-Regulation Failure, Disordered Eating and Overweight in Youth
    LORI ANNE FRANCIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..findings from several studies provide evidence for psychological correlates including depression, anxiety, loneliness, and social isolation...
  7. Interpersonal Functioning and Emotion in Borderline Personality
    Paul A Pilkonis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..form- frequent disappointments and anger toward others lead to periods of hostile withdrawal, followed by loneliness and fears regarding separation, producing new attempts at approach and reconciliation, which continue until the ..
  8. HIV Risk among Latino Day Laborers: Structural, Social, and Individual Factors
    Fernanda T Bianchi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..To examine ways in which conditions arising from social and structural factors influence binge drinking and loneliness, and to explore the impact of binge drinking and loneliness on sexual risk behavior;and 3) To examine attitudes ..
  9. Epidemiologic Study of Neural Reserve and Neurobiology of Aging
    David Alan Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Further, we found that loneliness, psychological distress, and cognitive activity were all related to incident AD, but were not related to ..
  10. Using SNA to Examine the Long-Term Outcomes of Socially Excluded Adolescents
    RICHARD CARL GILMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and behavioral outcomes of socially excluded youth? Studies among adults examining constructs such as loneliness, well-being, and health- compromising behaviors experienced or displayed in one part of the network are spread ..
  11. Pet Dogs as Compensatory Support Figures
    Kathryn A Kerns; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Do children who have more positive interactions with their dogs also experience less loneliness and social anxiety and show fewer conduct problems? 2...
  12. Maybe, maybe not: Deciding to disclose HIV to family
    Julianne M Serovich; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to positive outcomes including increased social support, improved physical and mental health outcomes, reduced loneliness and stress, and improved HIV disease management, the decision not to disclose can also lead to positive outcomes...
  13. Loneliness and biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease in clinically normal elderly
    Nancy J Donovan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Loneliness is a state of perceived social and emotional isolation that has been associated with cognitive and functional decline and with a doubling of the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) ..
  14. The role of social factors in cardiovascular risk behaviors disparities
    LAURA SAMUEL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These behaviors are shaped by social environmental resource factors, including social support, loneliness and neighborhood social cohesion...
  15. Gene-Environment Interactions in Loneliness and Stress Reactivity in Older Adults
    Turhan Canli; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Loneliness is a common experience among older individuals that can adversely affect physical and mental health...
  16. Using ICTs to Enhance Quality of Life Among Older Adults: An Intervention Study
    Shelia R Cotten; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Significance: Depression, physical health decline, loneliness, and social isolation are key issues of concern for older adults...
  17. Social and Neural Bases of Vulnerability to Fraud in Older Adults
    Shelley E Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In addition, all of the studies examine how dispositional trust, loneliness, social contact, cognitive functioning, time frame, and financial literacy affect perceptions of trust, deceit, ..
  18. Dangerous Drugs Prevention Skills for People with Intellectual Disabilities
    MARTIN R SHEEHAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Individuals with ID are a population at risk for abuse frequently due to their loneliness and need for social acceptance. There is a pressing need to develop prevention materials for this group...
  19. Gene-Environment Interplay of Social Contexts and Aging-Related Outcomes
    Nancy L Pedersen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..data from over 16,000 participants aims to understand why early life adversity, social factors such as isolation and loneliness are associated with diverse outcomes including mortality, and physical, emotional and cognitive health.
  20. Automated Hearing Tests
    ROBERT H contact MARGOLIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..psychosocial health consequences of untreated hearing loss, including distress, somatization, depression, and loneliness. Current hearing health delivery models are not added to meet the current need...
  21. Psychological Correlates, Consequences of Late Childhood Friendship Dissolution
    Julie Wojslawowicz Bowker; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..who lose friendships and are not able to replace them experience significantly greater victimization and loneliness. Thus, friendship dissolutions represent common yet understudied risk factors that may pose significant dangers ..
  22. Whole Family Biopsychology as a Marker for Adjustment
    Vanessa K Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..cortisol response, is predicted to protect emerging adults from adjustment problems leading to depression, loneliness, stress, academic failure, substance abuse and other risky behavior...
  23. Drinking Behaviors of Migrant & Non-Migrant Farmworkers
    Michael Duke; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..to the myriad psychosocial factors that can contribute to sustained alcohol abuse: isolation, stress, loneliness, and boredom...
  24. ON LINE WEB COURSE IMPROVES OLDER PERSON MEMORY SKILLS
    ROBERT RAGER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..We expect it will also provide social benefits to overcome some of the problems of loneliness experienced by homebound elderly...
  25. For Better and For Worse: Late Effects of Cancer and BMT on Spouse-Caregivers
    Michelle Bishop; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Spouses reported less social support, more loneliness, and less posttraumatic growth than BMT survivors...
  26. Web Based Intervention for African American Mothers
    Diane Brage Hudson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..plan; (b) to generate pilot data about psychological outcomes (depressive symptomatology, self-esteem, loneliness, and stress), parenting outcomes (competence and satisfaction), health care utilization outcomes (clinic visits, ..
  27. National Social Life, Health and Aging Project
    LINDA WAITE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the relationship between older adult sexuality and social embeddedness including: sociability, independence, loneliness, physical, emotional, and sexual abuse. C...
  28. Nutritional Status of Community Dwelling Elders
    CHERYL CHEN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..number of chronic illnesses, functional status, oral health, polypharmacy, presence of social support, loneliness, and depression) in predicting nutritional status of community-dwelling elders, and 3) the Roy Adaptation Model ..
  29. Attempted Suicide and Alcohol Dependence
    KENNETH CONNER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..in Aim 2, the focus is on the experience of aloneness, assessed objectively as living alone and subjectively as "loneliness." In Aim 3, a model of suicide planning that incorporates these variables is evaluated that posits reactive ..
  30. PSYCHOSOCIAL CONTEXT, AGING, AND OVARIAN CYCLE LENGTHS
    Natasha Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2000
    DESCRIPTION (Applicant's Abstract): Loneliness and stress may disrupt neuroendocrine function, accelerating reproductive aging in humans as it does in rats...
  31. Women's Disclosure of Their HIV Status
    JULIANNE SEROVICH; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..negative and positive), social support (friends and family), and indices of mental health (depression, loneliness, self-esteem, anxiety, coping, stress, medical adherence and alcohol and substance use) along with basic ..
  32. CHILDHOOD SOCIAL PHOBIA: LONG-TERM FOLLOW-UP
    Deborah Beidel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..include headaches or stomach aches, panic attacks, crying, avoidance, general anxiety, dysphoria, a sense of loneliness, and a very restricted range of social relationships...
  33. INSTRUMENT DEVELOPMENT IN GROUP THERAPY
    Simon Budman; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..target problems (Target Problems Measure), interpersonal functioning (Social Adjustment Scale), loneliness (UCLA) Loneliness Scale), overall psychosocial functioning (Global Adjustment Scale), as well as therapist, ..
  34. SINGLE MOTHERS: A COMPARISON OF ADAPTIVE STRATEGIES
    ELLEN LEWIN; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..in meeting their parental responsibilities, coping with economic difficulties, and combatting feelings of loneliness and isolation...
  35. THE EPIDEMIOLOGY AND DYNAMICS OF ADOLESCENT LONELINESS
    Timothy Brennan; Fiscal Year: 1980
    This is a study of the epidemiology and etiology of adolescent loneliness in a national sample of youth...
  36. STRESS SOCIAL SUPPORT AND DISTRESS IN ADOLESCENCE
    JACQUES LEMPERS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Distress refers to a variety of stress-related outcomes, such as depression, loneliness, delinquency, drug use, behavior problems, academic performance decline, identity conflicts, and a lowering of ..
  37. TREATMENT OF CHILDHOOD SOCIAL PHOBIA
    Deborah Beidel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Clinical correlates include headaches or stomachaches, panic, avoidance, general anxiety, dysphoria, loneliness, and a very restricted range of social relationships...
  38. Approach and Avoidance Social Motivation
    SHELLY GABLE; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., loneliness) and mental health, 2) in the context of everyday social interactions and daily fluctuations in well-being, and ..
  39. On-Line Web Course Improves Older Persons Memory Skills
    ROBERT RAGER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..interchange, via E-mail and online Chat, an important concomitant of late life learning and a deterrent to loneliness among the elderly...
  40. FAMILY INFLUENCES ON BORDERLINE OUTCOME
    Perry Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..life, including: a) depression, b) alienation in family relationships, c) generalized hopelessness, d) level of loneliness; and 4) reasons for living...
  41. EOL Care Companion II
    EILEEN VAN SCHAIK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..will include self-report of their physical and mental well health (SF 12) and their emotional response to their situation (perceived stress, coping, perceived self-competency, and loneliness). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]
  42. CHILDREN'S CONCEPTIONS OF LONELINESS--AGE DIFFERENCE
    Jude Cassidy; Fiscal Year: 1991
    Feelings of loneliness, isolation and alienation are often described as parts of the affective state accompanying school dropout, adolescent suicide, and other failures of healthy development...
  43. DISCLOSURE AND BEHAVIOR CHANGE FOR PLWAS
    JULIANNE SEROVICH; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Measures include those of: social support, relationship satisfaction, loneliness, self-esteem, depression, health locus of control, risk taking behavior, needs assessment, disclosure, and ..
  44. Sibling Socialization Effects: A Twin-Friend Design
    SHIRLEY MC GUIRE; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Outcome measures will include assessments of childrens levels of aggression, delinquency, loneliness, depression, and anxiety, as well as childrens personality characteristics and cognitive abilities.
  45. Relational aggression, victimization, and adjustment during middle childhood
    JAMIE OSTROV; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..revealed robust associations between relational aggression and victimization and hostile attribution biases, loneliness, and depressive symptoms (Crick et al., 2007)...
  46. BUILDING LIFE SKILLS IN CHILDREN WITH CYSTIC FIBROSIS
    Becky Christian; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..will show significantly greater improvement in psychosocial adjustment (self-esteem and self-competence, loneliness, impact of illness), functional health (functional disability, treatment adherence), and physiologic health ..
  47. HIV Risk in Vulnerable Youth
    Robert Garofalo; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..g. psychological distress, loneliness, social support, family cohesion, self-esteem), and substance use have all been hypothesized as factors ..
  48. Network interactions in crossmodal speech perception
    Lee Miller; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Depression, loneliness, and social anxiety are common conditions afflicting those who suffer this reduced ability to communicate with ..
  49. @NEWORLD: A VIRTUAL COMMUNITY FOR KIDS WITH CANCER
    BARBARA RAPCHAK; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We will evaluate the intervention by studying program effects in alleviating loneliness, anxiety, and stress...
  50. PSYCHOSOCIAL MODERATORS OF DISEASE PROGRESSION IN AIDS
    Thomas Patterson; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..We have simplified our theoretical model, added "loneliness" as a mediator in the "psychosocial" domain, refined the analysis of coping (with the help of our consultant, ..
  51. Improving Social-Behavioral Adjustment of Adolescents through Parent Training
    Amanda Harrell; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., disruptiveness, loneliness, academic failure) and later negative outcomes (e.g...
  52. Chicago Endothelial Function Study
    Louise C Hawkley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Psychosocial risk factors such as loneliness, hostility, depressive symptoms, perceived stress, and low/ social support have also been shown to predict high ..
  53. Approach and Avoidance Motivation and Risky Behavior
    Amy Strachman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..iii) sexual goals are associated with condom-use, iv) sexual goals are associated with psychological well-being (loneliness, anxiety, and depression) and relationship commitment and stability; v) these associations are mediated by the ..
  54. Predictors of Adaptation Among Indian-Americans
    GAGAN KHERA; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Adaptation will be operationalized as low levels of depression social anxiety, loneliness, and absence of substance abuse. Participants will be recruited from targeted cities in the U.S...
  55. Social Isolation, Loneliness, Health & the Aging Process
    John Cacioppo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..levels of analyses to bear on the relationships among and mechanisms underlying social isolation, feelings of loneliness, health, and the aging process...
  56. D-Cycloserine Augmentation of Therapy for Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    Eric Storch; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such agents may have utility in improving outcome, reducing premature therapy termination, and targeting patients who have been treatment refractory. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Risk and Protective Factors in School Maladjustment
    GARY LADD; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. The Effects of Community Social and Built Environment on Physical Activity
    Ming Wen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the community level?; and 5) How are the above relationships sensitive to geographic aggregation levels of community? What are the most appropriate aggregation levels relevant to physical activity? [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. SEXUAL HEALTH PRACTICES OF HOMELESS ADOLESCENTS
    DONNA REW; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The expected outcome is an effective, brief intervention for promoting sexual health that can be delivered to homeless adolescents in an unsheltered environment. ..
  60. Ethnography of Men Who Have Sex With Male-to-Female Transgender Individuals
    Miguel Munoz Laboy; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....