emotions

Summary

Summary: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Emotion circuits in the brain
    J E Ledoux
    Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York 10003, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 23:155-84. 2000
  2. ncbi How do you feel--now? The anterior insula and human awareness
    A D Bud Craig
    Atkinson Research Laboratory, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Arizona 85013, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 10:59-70. 2009
  3. pmc Emotional processing in anterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex
    Amit Etkin
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 15:85-93. 2011
  4. ncbi The cognitive control of emotion
    Kevin N Ochsner
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, Schermerhorn Hall, 1190 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:242-9. 2005
  5. pmc Functional neuroimaging of anxiety: a meta-analysis of emotional processing in PTSD, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobia
    Amit Etkin
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, 401 Quarry Rd, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:1476-88. 2007
  6. ncbi The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism
    S Baron-Cohen
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 42:241-51. 2001
  7. ncbi How brains beware: neural mechanisms of emotional attention
    Patrik Vuilleumier
    Laboratory for Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Department of Neurosciences and Clinic of Neurology, University Medical Center, Geneva, Switzerland
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:585-94. 2005
  8. ncbi Functional neuroanatomy of emotion: a meta-analysis of emotion activation studies in PET and fMRI
    K Luan Phan
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Neuroimage 16:331-48. 2002
  9. pmc The NimStim set of facial expressions: judgments from untrained research participants
    Nim Tottenham
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Psychiatry Res 168:242-9. 2009
  10. ncbi Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: implications for affect, relationships, and well-being
    James J Gross
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, California 94305 2130, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 85:348-62. 2003

Detail Information

Publications359 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Emotion circuits in the brain
    J E Ledoux
    Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York 10003, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 23:155-84. 2000
    ..With so much research being done in this area today, it is important that the mistakes of the past not be made again. It is also time to expand from this foundation into broader aspects of mind and behavior...
  2. ncbi How do you feel--now? The anterior insula and human awareness
    A D Bud Craig
    Atkinson Research Laboratory, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Arizona 85013, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 10:59-70. 2009
    ..New findings suggest a fundamental role for the AIC (and the von Economo neurons it contains) in awareness, and thus it needs to be considered as a potential neural correlate of consciousness...
  3. pmc Emotional processing in anterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex
    Amit Etkin
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 15:85-93. 2011
    ..In this review, we examine a wealth of recent research on negative emotions in animals and humans, using the example of fear or anxiety, and conclude that, contrary to the traditional ..
  4. ncbi The cognitive control of emotion
    Kevin N Ochsner
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, Schermerhorn Hall, 1190 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:242-9. 2005
    ..Taken together, the results suggest a functional architecture for the cognitive control of emotion that dovetails with findings from other human and nonhuman research on emotion...
  5. pmc Functional neuroimaging of anxiety: a meta-analysis of emotional processing in PTSD, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobia
    Amit Etkin
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, 401 Quarry Rd, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:1476-88. 2007
    ..The authors also compared these deficits to the neural systems engaged during anticipatory anxiety in healthy subjects...
  6. ncbi The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism
    S Baron-Cohen
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 42:241-51. 2001
    ..The Revised Eyes Test has improved power to detect subtle individual differences in social sensitivity...
  7. ncbi How brains beware: neural mechanisms of emotional attention
    Patrik Vuilleumier
    Laboratory for Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Department of Neurosciences and Clinic of Neurology, University Medical Center, Geneva, Switzerland
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:585-94. 2005
    ..This work should help to elucidate the neural processes and temporal dynamics governing the integration of cognitive and affective influences in attention and behaviour...
  8. ncbi Functional neuroanatomy of emotion: a meta-analysis of emotion activation studies in PET and fMRI
    K Luan Phan
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Neuroimage 16:331-48. 2002
    ..the brain into 20 nonoverlapping regions, and characterized each region by its responsiveness across individual emotions (positive, negative, happiness, fear, anger, sadness, disgust), to different induction methods (visual, auditory, ..
  9. pmc The NimStim set of facial expressions: judgments from untrained research participants
    Nim Tottenham
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Psychiatry Res 168:242-9. 2009
    ..The results lend empirical support for the validity and reliability of this set of facial expressions as determined by accurate identification of expressions and high intra-participant agreement across two testing sessions, respectively...
  10. ncbi Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: implications for affect, relationships, and well-being
    James J Gross
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, California 94305 2130, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 85:348-62. 2003
    ..Study 5 shows that using reappraisal is related positively to well-being, whereas using suppression is related negatively...
  11. ncbi For better or for worse: neural systems supporting the cognitive down- and up-regulation of negative emotion
    Kevin N Ochsner
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, 369 Schermerhorn Hall, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Neuroimage 23:483-99. 2004
    ....
  12. pmc Intensely pleasurable responses to music correlate with activity in brain regions implicated in reward and emotion
    A J Blood
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:11818-23. 2001
    ..This finding links music with biologically relevant, survival-related stimuli via their common recruitment of brain circuitry involved in pleasure and reward...
  13. ncbi Both of us disgusted in My insula: the common neural basis of seeing and feeling disgust
    Bruno Wicker
    Institut de Neurosciences Physiologiques et Cognitives, CNRS, Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 cedex 20, Marseille, France
    Neuron 40:655-64. 2003
    What neural mechanism underlies the capacity to understand the emotions of others? Does this mechanism involve brain areas normally involved in experiencing the same emotion? We performed an fMRI study in which participants inhaled ..
  14. pmc Understanding emotions in others: mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders
    Mirella Dapretto
    Ahmanson Lovelace Brain Mapping Center, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, 90095, USA
    Nat Neurosci 9:28-30. 2006
    ..Notably, activity in this area was inversely related to symptom severity in the social domain, suggesting that a dysfunctional 'mirror neuron system' may underlie the social deficits observed in autism...
  15. ncbi The neural basis of economic decision-making in the Ultimatum Game
    Alan G Sanfey
    Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Science 300:1755-8. 2003
    ..Further, significantly heightened activity in anterior insula for rejected unfair offers suggests an important role for emotions in decision-making.
  16. ncbi Neurobiology of emotion perception II: Implications for major psychiatric disorders
    Mary L Phillips
    Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 54:515-28. 2003
    ..We suggest that distinct patterns of structural and functional abnormalities in neural systems important for emotion processing are associated with specific symptoms of schizophrenia and bipolar and major depressive disorder...
  17. pmc Emotion processing and the amygdala: from a 'low road' to 'many roads' of evaluating biological significance
    Luiz Pessoa
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:773-83. 2010
    ..Under this revised framework, the cortex has a more important role in emotion processing than is traditionally assumed...
  18. ncbi The amygdala modulates the consolidation of memories of emotionally arousing experiences
    James L McGaugh
    Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, University of California, Irvine 92697 3800
    Annu Rev Neurosci 27:1-28. 2004
    ....
  19. ncbi Does rejection hurt? An FMRI study of social exclusion
    Naomi I Eisenberger
    Department of Psychology, Franz Hall, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
    Science 302:290-2. 2003
    ..ACC changes mediated the RVPFC-distress correlation, suggesting that RVPFC regulates the distress of social exclusion by disrupting ACC activity...
  20. ncbi Empathy: Its ultimate and proximate bases
    Stephanie D Preston
    University of Iowa Hospital and Clinics, 2RCP Neurology Clinic, Iowa City, IA 52242
    Behav Brain Sci 25:1-20; discussion 20-71. 2002
    ..This mechanism supports basic behaviors (e.g., alarm, social facilitation, vicariousness of emotions, mother-infant responsiveness, and the modeling of competitors and predators) that are crucial for the ..
  21. ncbi Emotion drives attention: detecting the snake in the grass
    A Ohman
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Exp Psychol Gen 130:466-78. 2001
    ..Thus, evolutionary relevant threatening stimuli were effective in capturing attention, and this effect was further facilitated if the stimulus was emotionally provocative...
  22. ncbi Embodying emotion
    Paula M Niedenthal
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS and University of Clermont Ferrand, France
    Science 316:1002-5. 2007
    ..Taken all together, recent findings provide a scientific account of the familiar contention that "when you're smiling, the whole world smiles with you."..
  23. ncbi Rethinking feelings: an FMRI study of the cognitive regulation of emotion
    Kevin N Ochsner
    Stanford University, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 14:1215-29. 2002
    ..These findings support the hypothesis that prefrontal cortex is involved in constructing reappraisal strategies that can modulate activity in multiple emotion-processing systems...
  24. ncbi The emotional Stroop task and psychopathology
    J M Williams
    Department of Psychology, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd
    Psychol Bull 120:3-24. 1996
    ..They address the causes and mechanisms underlying the phenomenon, focusing on J.D. Cohen, K. Dunbar, and J.L. McClelland's (1990) parallel distributed processing model...
  25. ncbi Brain systems mediating cognitive interference by emotional distraction
    Florin Dolcos
    Brain Imaging and Analysis Center, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Neurosci 26:2072-9. 2006
    ....
  26. ncbi Neural systems supporting interoceptive awareness
    Hugo D Critchley
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, and Autonomic Unit, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College London Hospitals, UK
    Nat Neurosci 7:189-95. 2004
    ..These findings indicate that right anterior insula supports a representation of visceral responses accessible to awareness, providing a substrate for subjective feeling states...
  27. ncbi The amygdala: vigilance and emotion
    M Davis
    Department of Psychiatry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Mol Psychiatry 6:13-34. 2001
    ..Where appropriate, we attempt to integrate basic information on normal amygdala function with our current understanding of psychiatric disorders, including pathological anxiety...
  28. ncbi Contributions of the amygdala to emotion processing: from animal models to human behavior
    Elizabeth A Phelps
    Department of Psychology, New York University, 4 6 Washington Place, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Neuron 48:175-87. 2005
    ....
  29. ncbi Two systems of resting state connectivity between the insula and cingulate cortex
    Keri S Taylor
    Division of Brain, Imaging and Behavior Systems Neuroscience, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:2731-45. 2009
    ....
  30. ncbi Resolving emotional conflict: a role for the rostral anterior cingulate cortex in modulating activity in the amygdala
    Amit Etkin
    Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University Medical Center, Neurological Institute Box 108, 710 West 168th Street, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Neuron 51:871-82. 2006
    ..These data suggest that emotional conflict is resolved through top-down inhibition of amygdalar activity by the rostral cingulate cortex...
  31. pmc Pain and emotion interactions in subregions of the cingulate gyrus
    Brent A Vogt
    Cingulum NeuroSciences Institute and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Department of Neuroscience and Physiology, 4435 Stephanie Drive, Manlius, New York 13104, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:533-44. 2005
    ..Here, we assess pain and emotion in each cingulate subregion, and assess whether pain is co-localized with negative affect. Amazingly, these activation patterns do not simply overlap...
  32. ncbi Emotion and motivation: the role of the amygdala, ventral striatum, and prefrontal cortex
    Rudolf N Cardinal
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EB, UK
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 26:321-52. 2002
    b>Emotions are multifaceted, but a key aspect of emotion involves the assessment of the value of environmental stimuli...
  33. pmc Affective picture processing: an integrative review of ERP findings
    Jonas K Olofsson
    Department of Psychology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Biol Psychol 77:247-65. 2008
    ..Theoretical issues, stimulus factors, task demands, and individual differences are discussed...
  34. pmc Prefrontal-subcortical pathways mediating successful emotion regulation
    Tor D Wager
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Neuron 59:1037-50. 2008
    ..These results provide direct evidence that vlPFC is involved in both the generation and regulation of emotion through different subcortical pathways, suggesting a general role for this region in appraisal processes...
  35. ncbi Emotion and motivation I: defensive and appetitive reactions in picture processing
    M M Bradley
    Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, Health Sciences Center, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610-0165, USA
    Emotion 1:276-98. 2001
    ....
  36. ncbi Emotion regulation: affective, cognitive, and social consequences
    James J Gross
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, California 94305 2130, USA
    Psychophysiology 39:281-91. 2002
    One of life's great challenges is successfully regulating emotions. Do some emotion regulation strategies have more to recommend them than others? According to Gross's (1998, Review of General Psychology, 2, 271-299) process model of ..
  37. ncbi An fMRI investigation of emotional engagement in moral judgment
    J D Greene
    Center for the Study of Brain, Mind, and Behavior, Department of Philosophy, 1879 Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Science 293:2105-8. 2001
    ..These results may shed light on some puzzling patterns in moral judgment observed by contemporary philosophers...
  38. ncbi Increased amygdala and decreased dorsolateral prefrontal BOLD responses in unipolar depression: related and independent features
    Greg J Siegle
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 61:198-209. 2007
    ..These mechanisms have been hypothesized to interact in depression. This study explored relationships between amygdala and DLPFC activity during emotional and cognitive information processing in unipolar depression...
  39. ncbi The functional architecture of human empathy
    Jean Decety
    Social Cognitive Neuroscience, Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 7988, USA
    Behav Cogn Neurosci Rev 3:71-100. 2004
    ..This functional model may be used to make specific predictions about the various empathy deficits that can be encountered in different forms of social and neurological disorders...
  40. ncbi Unconscious facial reactions to emotional facial expressions
    U Dimberg
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Box 1225, S 751 42 Uppsala, Sweden
    Psychol Sci 11:86-9. 2000
    ..Our results show that both positive and negative emotional reactions can be unconsciously evoked, and particularly that important aspects of emotional face-to-face communication can occur on an unconscious level...
  41. ncbi Self-referential processing in our brain--a meta-analysis of imaging studies on the self
    Georg Northoff
    Department of Neurology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuroimage 31:440-57. 2006
    ..We conclude that self-referential processing in CMS constitutes the core of our self and is critical for elaborating experiential feelings of self, uniting several distinct concepts evident in current neuroscience...
  42. ncbi Cognitive neuroscience of emotional memory
    Kevin S LaBar
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 7:54-64. 2006
    ..Recent advances are revealing new insights into the reactivation of latent emotional associations and the recollection of personal episodes from the remote past...
  43. pmc The neural bases of emotion regulation: reappraisal and suppression of negative emotion
    Philippe R Goldin
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 63:577-86. 2008
    ....
  44. ncbi Memory--a century of consolidation
    J L McGaugh
    the Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory and the Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Science 287:248-51. 2000
    ..This review examines the progress made over the century in understanding the time-dependent processes that create our lasting memories...
  45. pmc Functional atlas of emotional faces processing: a voxel-based meta-analysis of 105 functional magnetic resonance imaging studies
    Paolo Fusar-Poli
    Fusar Poli, Carletti, Allen, McGuire Section of Neuroimaging, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, United Kingdom
    J Psychiatry Neurosci 34:418-32. 2009
    ..Furthermore, such emotional processes are thought to be aberrant in a range of clinical disorders, including psychosis and depression. However, the exact neurofunctional maps underlying emotional facial processing are not well defined...
  46. ncbi Uniquely human social cognition
    Rebecca Saxe
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology 46 4019, 43 Vassar St, Cambridge MA, 02138, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 16:235-9. 2006
    ....
  47. ncbi Catechol-O-methyltransferase gene variation: impact on amygdala response to aversive stimuli
    Katharina Domschke
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Muenster, Germany
    Neuroimage 60:2222-9. 2012
    ....
  48. ncbi To what extent are emotional visual stimuli processed without attention and awareness?
    Luiz Pessoa
    Department of Psychology, Brown University, 89 Waterman Street, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 15:188-96. 2005
    ..A better understanding of the neural basis of emotional perception and how it relates to visual attention and awareness is likely to require further refinement of the concepts of automaticity and awareness...
  49. ncbi Distributed and interactive brain mechanisms during emotion face perception: evidence from functional neuroimaging
    Patrik Vuilleumier
    Laboratory for Behavioral Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Clinic of Neurology, University Hospital of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Neuropsychologia 45:174-94. 2007
    ..The functional implications of these interactions remain to be fully explored, but might play an important role in the normal development of face processing skills and in some neuropsychiatric disorders...
  50. ncbi The role of the amygdala in emotional processing: a quantitative meta-analysis of functional neuroimaging studies
    Karine Sergerie
    Douglas Mental Health University Institute, McGill University, 6875 LaSalle Boulevard, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H4H 1R3
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 32:811-30. 2008
    ..Taken together, results from this meta-analysis shed new light on several of the models proposed in the literature regarding the neural basis of emotional processing...
  51. ncbi The emotional dog and its rational tail: a social intuitionist approach to moral judgment
    J Haidt
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, P O Box 400400, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 4400, USA
    Psychol Rev 108:814-34. 2001
    ..The model is more consistent that rationalist models with recent findings in social, cultural, evolutionary, and biological psychology, as well as in anthropology and primatology...
  52. ncbi Neural systems for recognizing emotion
    Ralph Adolphs
    Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Neurology, 200 Hawkins Drive, University of Iowa College of Medicine, 52242, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 12:169-77. 2002
    ..Two important mechanisms for recognition of emotions are the construction of a simulation of the observed emotion in the perceiver, and the modulation of sensory ..
  53. ncbi The Enigmatic temporal pole: a review of findings on social and emotional processing
    Ingrid R Olson
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Room B51, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6196, USA
    Brain 130:1718-31. 2007
    ..Because perceptual inputs remain segregated into dorsal (auditory), medial (olfactory) and ventral (visual) streams, the integration of emotion with perception is channel specific...
  54. ncbi Activity and connectivity of brain mood regulating circuit in depression: a functional magnetic resonance study
    Amit Anand
    Department of Psychiatry, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 57:1079-88. 2005
    ..In this study, using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI), we investigated differences in cortico-limbic activity and connectivity between depressed patients and healthy controls...
  55. pmc Neural processing of emotional faces requires attention
    L Pessoa
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, Building 10, Room 4C104, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:11458-63. 2002
    ..Thus, the processing of facial expression appears to be under top-down control...
  56. ncbi A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust
    M L Phillips
    Department of Psychological Medicine, King s College School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK
    Nature 389:495-8. 1997
    ..of facial expressions is critical to our appreciation of the social and physical environment, with separate emotions having distinct facial expressions...
  57. pmc Emotion and the motivational brain
    Peter J Lang
    CSEA, Box 112766, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Biol Psychol 84:437-50. 2010
    ..The theoretical view shared among the investigators is that expressed emotions are founded on motivational circuits in the brain that developed early in evolutionary history to ensure the ..
  58. ncbi Distinct spatial frequency sensitivities for processing faces and emotional expressions
    Patrik Vuilleumier
    Laboratory for Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Geneva Medical Center, 1 Michel Servet, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
    Nat Neurosci 6:624-31. 2003
    ..An activation of pulvinar and superior colliculus by fearful expressions occurred specifically with low-frequency faces, suggesting that these subcortical pathways may provide coarse fear-related inputs to the amygdala...
  59. pmc How do emotion and motivation direct executive control?
    Luiz Pessoa
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, 1101 E10th Street, Bloomington, IN 47505, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:160-6. 2009
    ..An implication of the proposal is that emotion and motivation can either enhance or impair behavioral performance depending on how they interact with control functions...
  60. ncbi A mechanism for impaired fear recognition after amygdala damage
    Ralph Adolphs
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Nature 433:68-72. 2005
    ..Since then, the importance of the amygdala in processing information about facial emotions has been borne out by a number of lesion and functional imaging studies...
  61. ncbi Electrophysiological correlates of rapid spatial orienting towards fearful faces
    Gilles Pourtois
    Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, University of Geneva, Switzerland
    Cereb Cortex 14:619-33. 2004
    ..These results provide evidence for neural mechanisms allowing rapid, exogenous spatial orienting of attention towards fear stimuli...
  62. ncbi Subcortical and ventral prefrontal cortical neural responses to facial expressions distinguish patients with bipolar disorder and major depression
    Natalia S Lawrence
    Section of Neuroscience and Emotion, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 55:578-87. 2004
    ..We compared responses within subcortical and prefrontal cortical regions to emotionally salient material in patients with BP and MDD using functional magnetic resonance imaging...
  63. ncbi Neural bases of the non-conscious perception of emotional signals
    Marco Tamietto
    Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Tilburg University, P O Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:697-709. 2010
    ..Understanding the neural bases of the non-conscious perception of emotional signals will clarify the phylogenetic continuity of emotion systems across species and the integration of cortical and subcortical activity in the human brain...
  64. pmc Functional grouping and cortical-subcortical interactions in emotion: a meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies
    Hedy Kober
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Neuroimage 42:998-1031. 2008
    ..g., "anger," "fear"). Such brain-based analyses are critical if our ways of labeling emotions are to be evaluated and revised based on consistency with brain data...
  65. ncbi Social cognitive neuroscience: a review of core processes
    Matthew D Lieberman
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 1563, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:259-89. 2007
    ....
  66. ncbi On the relationship between emotion and cognition
    Luiz Pessoa
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, and Programs in Neuroscience and Cognitive Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 9:148-58. 2008
    ..Central to cognitive-emotional interactions are brain areas with a high degree of connectivity, called hubs, which are critical for regulating the flow and integration of information between regions...
  67. ncbi The neural bases of cognitive conflict and control in moral judgment
    Joshua D Greene
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Neuron 44:389-400. 2004
    ..We speculate that the controversy surrounding utilitarian moral philosophy reflects an underlying tension between competing subsystems in the brain...
  68. pmc Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements
    Michael Koenigs
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Nature 446:908-11. 2007
    ..Of central interest is whether emotions play a causal role in moral judgement, and, in parallel, how emotion-related areas of the brain contribute to ..
  69. ncbi Distant influences of amygdala lesion on visual cortical activation during emotional face processing
    Patrik Vuilleumier
    Laboratory for Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Department of Neurology and Neurosciences, Centre Medical Universitaire, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland
    Nat Neurosci 7:1271-8. 2004
    ..Our data show that combining the fMRI and lesion approaches can help reveal the source of functional modulatory influences between distant but interconnected brain regions...
  70. ncbi When the social mirror breaks: deficits in automatic, but not voluntary, mimicry of emotional facial expressions in autism
    Daniel N McIntosh
    Department of Psychology, University of Denver, CO 80208, USA
    Dev Sci 9:295-302. 2006
    ..The data suggest that autism is associated with an impairment of a basic automatic social-emotion process. Results have implications for understanding typical and atypical social cognition...
  71. ncbi Human emotion and memory: interactions of the amygdala and hippocampal complex
    Elizabeth A Phelps
    Department of Psychology, 6 Washington Place, 8 th floor, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 14:198-202. 2004
    ..Although these are independent memory systems, they act in concert when emotion meets memory...
  72. pmc What does the amygdala contribute to social cognition?
    Ralph Adolphs
    California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1191:42-61. 2010
    ..These aspects help to clarify the amygdala's contributions to recognizing emotion from faces, to social behavior toward conspecifics, and to reward learning and instrumental behavior...
  73. ncbi Oxytocin enhances amygdala-dependent, socially reinforced learning and emotional empathy in humans
    Rene Hurlemann
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Bonn, 53105 Bonn, Germany
    J Neurosci 30:4999-5007. 2010
    ..Overall these findings provide the first demonstration that OT can facilitate amygdala-dependent, socially reinforced learning and emotional empathy in men...
  74. ncbi Can't shake that feeling: event-related fMRI assessment of sustained amygdala activity in response to emotional information in depressed individuals
    Greg J Siegle
    University of Pittsburgh Medical School and Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 51:693-707. 2002
    ..This study examined whether brain activity in response to emotional stimuli was sustained in depressed individuals, even following subsequent distracting stimuli...
  75. ncbi Valence, gender, and lateralization of functional brain anatomy in emotion: a meta-analysis of findings from neuroimaging
    Tor D Wager
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Neuroimage 19:513-31. 2003
    ..In an earlier report (NeuroImage 16 (2002), 331). we examined the effects of induction method, specific emotions, and cognitive demand in emotional tasks...
  76. ncbi The neural substrate of human empathy: effects of perspective-taking and cognitive appraisal
    Claus Lamm
    INSERM Unit 280, France
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:42-58. 2007
    ....
  77. pmc Natural selective attention: orienting and emotion
    Margaret M Bradley
    Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
    Psychophysiology 46:1-11. 2009
    ..Taken together, it is suggested that orienting is mediated by activation of fundamental motivational systems that have evolved to support survival...
  78. ncbi The new synthesis in moral psychology
    Jonathan Haidt
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    Science 316:998-1002. 2007
    ..I propose a fourth principle to guide future research: Morality is about more than harm and fairness. More research is needed on the collective and religious parts of the moral domain, such as loyalty, authority, and spiritual purity...
  79. ncbi Neurobiology of emotion perception I: The neural basis of normal emotion perception
    Mary L Phillips
    Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 54:504-14. 2003
    ..We suggest that the extent to which a stimulus is identified as emotive and is associated with the production of an affective state may be dependent upon levels of activity within these two neural systems...
  80. ncbi Amygdala-prefrontal coupling depends on a genetic variation of the serotonin transporter
    Andreas Heinz
    Department of Psychiatry, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Campus Charite Mitte, Schumannstr 20 21, 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Nat Neurosci 8:20-1. 2005
    ..s carriers also showed greater coupling between the amygdala and the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, which may contribute to the abnormally high activity in the amygdala and medial prefrontal cortex seen in major depression...
  81. pmc The pupil as a measure of emotional arousal and autonomic activation
    Margaret M Bradley
    Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, Box 112766, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Psychophysiology 45:602-7. 2008
    ..Taken together, the data provide strong support for the hypothesis that the pupil's response during affective picture viewing reflects emotional arousal associated with increased sympathetic activity...
  82. ncbi The neural basis of altruistic punishment
    Dominique J F de Quervain
    Division of Psychiatry Research, University of Zurich, Lenggstrasse 31, 8029 Zurich, Switzerland
    Science 305:1254-8. 2004
    ..Our findings support the hypothesis that people derive satisfaction from punishing norm violations and that the activation in the dorsal striatum reflects the anticipated satisfaction from punishing defectors...
  83. ncbi Individual differences in trait anxiety predict the response of the basolateral amygdala to unconsciously processed fearful faces
    Amit Etkin
    Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University Medical Center, fMRI Research Center, 170 West 168th Street, Box 108, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Neuron 44:1043-55. 2004
    ..These findings provide a biological basis for the unconscious emotional vigilance characteristic of anxiety and a means for investigating the mechanisms and efficacy of treatments for anxiety...
  84. ncbi Towards the neurobiology of emotional body language
    Beatrice de Gelder
    Cognitive and Affective Neurosciences Laboratory, Tilburg University, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Nat Rev Neurosci 7:242-9. 2006
    ..This article reviews how whole-body signals are automatically perceived and understood, and their role in emotional communication and decision-making...
  85. ncbi The neural correlates of moral sensitivity: a functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of basic and moral emotions
    Jorge Moll
    Neuroimaging and Behavioral Neurology Group, Hospitais D Or and LABS, RJ, 22281 081, Brazil
    J Neurosci 22:2730-6. 2002
    ..Although the brain correlates of basic emotions have been explored, the neural organization of "moral emotions" in the human brain remains poorly understood...
  86. ncbi Neural mechanisms of autonomic, affective, and cognitive integration
    Hugo D Critchley
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London UCL Autonomic Unit, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, UCL, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    J Comp Neurol 493:154-66. 2005
    ..Generation of visceral autonomic correlates of control reinforce experiential engagement in simulatory models and underpin concepts such as somatic markers to bridge the dualistic divide...
  87. ncbi A common role of insula in feelings, empathy and uncertainty
    Tania Singer
    Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:334-40. 2009
    ..Such mechanisms could facilitate affective learning and regulation of body homeostasis, and could also guide decision making in complex and uncertain environments...
  88. ncbi Two systems for empathy: a double dissociation between emotional and cognitive empathy in inferior frontal gyrus versus ventromedial prefrontal lesions
    Simone G Shamay-Tsoory
    Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel
    Brain 132:617-27. 2009
    ..The pattern of empathy deficits among patients with VM and IFG lesions represents a first direct evidence of a double dissociation between emotional and cognitive empathy using the lesion method...
  89. ncbi A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of amygdala and medial prefrontal cortex responses to overtly presented fearful faces in posttraumatic stress disorder
    Lisa M Shin
    Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, Mass, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:273-81. 2005
    ..Previous functional neuroimaging studies have demonstrated exaggerated amygdala responses and diminished medial prefrontal cortex responses during the symptomatic state in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  90. ncbi How emotions colour our perception of time
    Sylvie Droit-Volet
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale et Cognitive, CNRS UMR 6024, Universite Blaise Pascal, 34 Avenue Carnot, 63037, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:504-13. 2007
    Our sense of time is altered by our emotions to such an extent that time seems to fly when we are having fun and drags when we are bored...
  91. ncbi Subcortical and cortical brain activity during the feeling of self-generated emotions
    A R Damasio
    Department of Neurology Division of Cognitive Neuroscience and PET Imaging Center, University of Iowa College of Medicine, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Nat Neurosci 3:1049-56. 2000
    ..We tested the hypothesis that the process of feeling emotions requires the participation of brain regions, such as the somatosensory cortices and the upper brainstem nuclei, ..
  92. pmc Cognitive control mechanisms, emotion and memory: a neural perspective with implications for psychopathology
    Marie T Banich
    Institute of Cognitive Science, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80305, USA
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 33:613-30. 2009
    ..Finally, we consider tentative generalizations that can be drawn from this relatively unexplored conjunction of research endeavors...
  93. ncbi Effective connectivity within the distributed cortical network for face perception
    Scott L Fairhall
    Institute of Neuroradiology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Cereb Cortex 17:2400-6. 2007
    ..Our results demonstrate content-specific dynamic alterations in the functional coupling between visual-limbic and visual-prefrontal face-responsive pathways...
  94. ncbi The neural basis of visual body perception
    Marius V Peelen
    Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology, Brigantia Building, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd, LL57 2AS, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 8:636-48. 2007
    ..body-selective regions, which can be dissociated from regions involved in face perception, have been implicated in the perception of the self and the 'body schema', the perception of others' emotions and the understanding of actions.
  95. ncbi Emotional responses to music: the need to consider underlying mechanisms
    Patrik N Juslin
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Behav Brain Sci 31:559-75; discussion 575-621. 2008
    Research indicates that people value music primarily because of the emotions it evokes. Yet, the notion of musical emotions remains controversial, and researchers have so far been unable to offer a satisfactory account of such emotions...
  96. ncbi Regret and its avoidance: a neuroimaging study of choice behavior
    Giorgio Coricelli
    Neuropsychology Group, Institut des Sciences Cognitives, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 67 Boulevard Pinel 69675, Bron, France
    Nat Neurosci 8:1255-62. 2005
    Human decisions can be shaped by predictions of emotions that ensue after choosing advantageously or disadvantageously. Indeed, anticipating regret is a powerful predictor of future choices...
  97. ncbi Cardiovascular, electrodermal, and respiratory response patterns to fear- and sadness-inducing films
    Sylvia D Kreibig
    Department of Psychology, Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Psychophysiology 44:787-806. 2007
    ..Findings are discussed in terms of the fight-flight and conservation-withdrawal responses and possible limitations of a valence-arousal categorization of emotion in affective space...
  98. ncbi Standing up for the body. Recent progress in uncovering the networks involved in the perception of bodies and bodily expressions
    Beatrice de Gelder
    Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Tilburg University, P O Box 90153, 5000LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 34:513-27. 2010
    ....
  99. ncbi A role for somatosensory cortices in the visual recognition of emotion as revealed by three-dimensional lesion mapping
    R Adolphs
    Department of Neurology, Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    J Neurosci 20:2683-90. 2000
    ..with focal brain lesions, using three different tasks that assessed the recognition and naming of six basic emotions from facial expressions...
  100. ncbi Dissociable neural systems resolve conflict from emotional versus nonemotional distracters
    Tobias Egner
    Functional MRI Research Center, Columbia University, Neurological Institute, Box 108, 710 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Cereb Cortex 18:1475-84. 2008
    ..These data suggest that the neuroanatomical networks recruited to overcome conflict vary systematically with the nature of the conflict, but that they may share a common conflict-detection mechanism...
  101. ncbi Neural responses during anticipation of a primary taste reward
    JOHN P O'DOHERTY
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, 12 Queen Square, WC1 3BG, London, United Kingdom
    Neuron 33:815-26. 2002
    ..Apart from OFC, these regions were not activated by reward receipt. The findings indicate that when rewards are predictable, brain regions recruited during expectation are, in part, dissociable from areas responding to reward receipt...

Research Grants79

  1. Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical Illness
    Eva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Interactions Between Depression, Neuroinflammation and Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3
    Eleonore Beurel; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..increased cytokines associated with a mild stimulation of the primary host defense system has negative effects on emotions, antidepressants have anti-inflammatory effects, and immune activation in patients with major depression is ..
  3. Depression, Adipocytokines and Metabolic Dysregulation in Black and White Women
    Susan A Everson Rose; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..investigators'research program to investigate more broadly the interrelationships of chronic stress, emotions and metabolic dysregulation...
  4. Functional Selection of Novel Ligands from the Neuroendocrine Secretome
    David Larocca; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It regulates the master gland of the body, the pituitary, and effects emotions and behavior...
  5. Interactions Between Depression, Neuroinflammation and Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3
    Eleonore Beurel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..increased cytokines associated with a mild stimulation of the primary host defense system has negative effects on emotions, antidepressants have anti-inflammatory effects, and immune activation in patients with major depression is ..
  6. CONNECTIONS OF THE LIMBIC SYSTEM AND HYPOTHALAMUS
    Larry W Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the structure and chemistry of neural circuits in the mammalian brain that underlie the basic drives and emotions keeping individuals alive and assuring survival of the species associated with hunger and thirst, defensive (..
  7. Young Development of a Novel PET Ligand for Detecting Oxytocin Receptors in Brain
    Larry J Young; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..intranasal OT enhances interpersonal trust, eye-to-eye contact, memory of faces, and the ability to infer the emotions of others...
  8. Novel interventions to reduce stress induced non-homeostatic eating
    Barbara A Laraia; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..bases: (1): Developmental Skills Training (DST) designed to curb addictions through promoting self-regulation of emotions and eating behavior...
  9. Workplace Wellness Initiatives to Combat Obesity
    JASON PERRY BLOCK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Through the training activities, mentorship, and research experience provided by the K23, Dr. Block will become a successfully independent investigator, exploring mechanisms to combat obesity among Americans. ..
  10. Shared Decision Making In Pediatric Chronic Conditions: Biologics in IBD and JIA
    Ellen A Lipstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Lipstein's development into a nationally-recognized independent investigator and leader conducting research that improves the decision making process related to treatments for children with chronic conditions. ..
  11. Coregulatory Processes and Postpartum Depression in Mexican-Americans
    Linda J Luecken; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The bio-psychosocial process by which mothers and infants co-regulate each other's emotions, behavior, and physiology will be analyzed and used to predict the longitudinal course of PPD over the first year...
  12. Emotion Regulation in Adolescence: A Social Affective Neuroscience Approach
    JENNIFER S contact SILK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A major dimension of these serious health problems is related to difficulties with the control of emotions. In order to understand how challenges to emotion regulation during adolescence contribute to specific health ..
  13. Investigation of Gi/o Signaling in the 5HT System
    DAVINA GUTIERREZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..narrative Serotonin (5HT) is an important transmitter for modulating important physiological functions such as emotions, sleep, cognition and breathing...
  14. Neuroscience of Late-Life Depression, Social Perception, and Emotional Awareness
    Sergio Paradiso; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..despite seeking medical help, perhaps due to some older people having poor ability to recognize their own emotions, including sad mood...
  15. Neural Markers of Individual Difference in Emotion Regulation in Depressed Adults
    Jay C Fournier; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of conflicting emotional information;2) voluntary emotion regulation during the cognitive reappraisal of negative emotions;and 3) voluntary emotion regulation during the cognitive reappraisal of negative self-beliefs...
  16. Fatal Choice - Behavioral Economics of Vulnerability for Late-Life Suicide
    KATALIN NONE SZANTO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..G. Loewenstein's research on the role of emotions in decision-making and, specifically, his theory of "hot/cold empathy gaps", provides a conceptual model of how ..
  17. Development of Medial Temporal Lobe Function
    JOCELYNE H BACHEVALIER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..resulting in severe disabilities in the realms of perception, memory, language thinking, experience of emotions and social intelligence that span the entire life...
  18. Acceptance-based Group Intervention for Binge Eating
    Niloofar Afari; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..A significant proportion of overweight and obese individuals binge eat in response to stress or negative emotions, further contributing to obesity...
  19. Oxytocin Receptors and Social Behavior
    Larry J Young; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Intranasal administration of OT in humans increases attention to social cues, gazing into the eyes, inferring the emotions of others, trust and socially reinforced learning...
  20. Self-Regulation &Attentional Mechanisms of Sexual Risk Taking in Young Drinkers
    KATHRYN ROSE MACAPAGAL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..target for intervention, involves the concept of self-regulation, or the capacity to override desires, thoughts, emotions, and behavior patterns that otherwise might lead to potentially undesirable outcomes...
  21. ORGANIZATION OF PREFRONTAL FEEDBACK CIRCUITS
    Helen Barbas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that the executive functions of the prefrontal cortex are guided by interaction with structures associated with emotions. The goal of the proposed studies is to investigate the synaptology of pathways that link posterior orbitofrontal ..
  22. COPE/Healthy Lifestyles for Teens: A School-Based RCT
    Bernadette M Melnyk; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of the COPE (Creating Opportunities for Personal Empowerment)/Healthy Lifestyles TEEN (Thinking, Feeling, Emotions & Exercise) Program, an educational and cognitive-behavioral skills building intervention guided by cognitive ..
  23. Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction for Psycho-Immune Dysregulation in Cancer
    Herbert L Mathews; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Interventions that stem the tide of negative emotions and their physiological sequelae are needed...
  24. Human Functional Brain Anatomy
    Allen W Song; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Project 2, which is led by Drs. Kevin LaBar and Roberto Cabeza, will investigate how emotions modulate both explicit (declarative, conscious) and implicit (non-declarative, nonconscious) forms of human ..
  25. X-linked Genes, Histone Modifications, and Behavior
    Jun Xu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..molecular mechanisms underlying brain sexual differentiation, aggression regulation, as well as behaviors and emotions (e.g. episodic memory and anxiety)...
  26. Promoting positive social-emotional pathways: A translational research program
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..children embark on positive developmental paths toward a mature conscience that encompasses appropriate moral emotions, prosocial, internalized, rule-abiding conduct, and robust socio- emotional competence when functioning in the ..
  27. Understanding Resilience in Adolescent Girls: Parent, Peer, and Emotion Dynamics
    AMANDA S MORRIS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed project is innovative because it includes a multi-method, multi-informant assessment of emotions in daily life and how emotions are discussed in parent-youth and peer relationship contexts...
  28. The Gist of Hot and Cold Cognition in Adolescents Risky Decision Making
    VALERIE FRANCES REYNA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Moreover, we examine the interplay between such factors as sensitivity to reward and risk, on the one hand, with emotions and drive states on the other hand...
  29. Comparison of two guided self-help treatments for binge eating disorder
    Athena Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..IRT teaches effective ways to cope with aversive emotions and reframe faulty cognitions while reducing vulnerabilities that are likely to lead to problematic emotional ..
  30. Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction for Women at Risk for Cardiovascular Disease
    KAREN LYNN SABAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Practitioners of MBSR gain increased awareness and insight into the relationship among their thoughts, emotions, and somatic reactivity which can facilitate change in conditioned patterns of emotional reaction...
  31. Self-Regulation in Preschool: The Role of Child Physiology, Parents, and Teachers
    CATHI BARBRA PROPPER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Although the capacity to regulate one's own emotions in toddlerhood is a crucial pre-requisite for effective self-regulation in the classroom, these two processes are ..
  32. Self-Regulation Failure: Identifying and Modifying a Risk Phenotype
    Timothy J Strauman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..states to pursue desired goals, bring our behavior in line with internal/external standards, manage our emotions, and cope with challenges and opportunities that arise...
  33. The Treatment of Depression with Yoga and Walking
    CHRIS CONWAY STREETER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..There is evidence tha negative emotions are related to decreased activity in the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) as measured by vagal tone...
  34. Sociocultural Factors and Cardiometabolic Risk in Mexican-American Women
    Linda C Gallo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Women are more vulnerable than men to low SES, stress, and negative emotions, and Mexican American women may experience additional psychosocial risks specific to their sociocultural milieu...
  35. Ancillary to HCHS/SOL: Sociocultural Factors and CVD risk/prevalence in Hispanics
    Frank J Penedo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Little is known about how socioeconomic status (e.g., income), stress, emotions, relationships, and culture affect health in Hispanics...
  36. ADAPT: After Deployment Adaptive Parenting Tools
    BRION contact MARQUEZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In Phase I, we will develop modules for understanding emotions and acquiring the skills for regulating emotions...
  37. Molecular characterization of endocannabinoid degradative enzymes
    JACQUELINE LORAYNE BLANKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..ligands of CB1 and are thought to modulate a diverse array of physiological processes including appetite, pain, emotions, cognition and addiction...
  38. Origins of Maternal Sensitivity to Infant Distress
    Esther M Leerkes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Upon completion of these tasks, mothers will watch their video footage and be interviewed about their thoughts, emotions, and goals and their infants'behavior during the tasks...
  39. Stress reactivity, cortisol, and obesity in low-income children
    Alison L Miller; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..are significantly more likely to be obese, experience chronic stress, and have difficulty self-regulating their emotions and behavior in response to stress...
  40. Type 1 Diabetes and Depression: Role of Brain Glutamate
    Nicolas R Bolo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..two brain regions: the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), known to play an essential role in the regulation of emotions, and a control occipital cortex region...
  41. The effects of aging on experimental models of pain inhibition and facilitation
    Joseph L Riley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These measures include psychosocial factors (catastrophizing, sleep, stress, and negative emotions) and biological markers (blood pressure, 2-endorphin, cortisol, and other hypothalamic-pituitary- adrenal and ..
  42. Downsizing Possessions for Residential Moves in Later Life
    David J Ekerdt; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Specific aims are to: (1) Describe the strategies and emotions of household downsizing as perceived by those who accomplish a move;(2) Confirm the developmental character of ..
  43. Phenotypic and Functional Determination of Central Extended Amygdala Cell Groups
    HEIDI E DAY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of the stria terminalis, and collectively, this will lead to a better understanding of the processing of negative emotions that are associated with the development and exacerbation of many fear and anxiety-related disorders...
  44. Caregiver Outlook: An Intervention to Improve Caregiving in Serious Illness
    Karen E Steinhauser; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and robust evidence in health communication and clinical psychology that addresses the value of expressing emotions and stress on health outcomes...
  45. The Cradle of Compassion: Early Development of Prosocial Behavior
    Celia A Brownell; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..in the longitudinal sample, parents will read wordless picture books to their children which depict various emotions along with other content;parents'emotion and mental state talk will be transcribed from these...
  46. Neural Transplantation within Amygdalar Circuitry
    Miles Gregory Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..cellular components into the corticolimbic system, thereby "biologically altering" circuitry associated with emotions. Cell suspensions rich in GABAergic neurons will be placed within the amygdala, and behavioral models will be ..
  47. Optimizing HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis through Shared Decision Making
    DOUGLAS SCOTT KRAKOWER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The research is significant because it is expected to fundamentally alter clinical decision making for PrEP and other biomedical prevention strategies. ..
  48. Restoration of Homeostasis After Brain Trauma
    Fernando Gomez-Pinilla; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..consequences for mechanisms responsible for maintaining higher order operations such as learning and memory, and emotions. We will use a rodent model of concussion injury to evaluate crucial mechanisms that can restore membrane ..
  49. Organization of Sex Differences in Major Depression
    Marianne L Seney; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Emotionality is defined as measured parameters for rodent behavior and physiology that are homologous to human emotions. Although evidence suggests a partial contribution of circulating sex hormones to female emotionality, this ..
  50. Emotion-Focused Intervention for Mothers and Children Under Stress
    Joann Wu Shortt; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..skills of mothers, children, and the children's caregivers to help the family cope with the negative emotions and experiences associated with the transition home from prison...
  51. Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Risk for CVD and Stroke in the Jackson Heart Study
    TANDAW EINSTEIN SAMDARSHI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for SDB and insufficient sleep in AAs, including novel measurements of major and minor stress and negative emotions relevant to minority populations;(2) Elucidate relationships between SDB severity, insufficient sleep, and risk ..
  52. Affective and Genomic Mediators of Sustained Behavior Change
    BARBARA LEE FREDRICKSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The overarching goal of the proposed research is to investigate how positive emotions alter biological systems in ways that ultimately reinforce sustained positive behavior change...
  53. Progestogens'non-classical effects and mechanisms for social &mood processes
    Cheryl Anne Frye; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of progestogens, relevant for affective/social behaviors, and their connections to systems that regulate emotions. 3a,5a-THP is implicated in stress regulation, pathophysiology and/or treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders...
  54. Improving Smoking Cessation Quitlines: Pilot Study of Acceptance Therapy
    Jonathan B Bricker; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..that are central to the theoretical model underlying ACT: (a) acceptance of internal cues to smoke (sensations, emotions, and thoughts) and (b) commitment to quitting smoking...
  55. Preconception and Prenatal Stress: Pathways to Child Biology and Behavior
    Christine Dunkel Schetter; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): Despite considerable evidence documenting the effects of prenatal maternal stress and emotions on birth and early child outcomes, the biological pathways by which maternal stress is transferred to children ..
  56. The Role of Attention in Self-Regulation
    TRACI L MANN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the interacting role played by situational factors and individual mental processes in the self-regulation of emotions and behavior...
  57. Negative Affect, Urges and Distress Tolerance, Effects on Cognition in AUDs
    Travis Cook; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Strong negative emotions may make complex thinking more difficult...
  58. Typical Daily Emotion, Ischemia and Repolarization in Coronary Artery Disease
    RICHARD DAVID LANE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Intense emotions such as anger and fear are known triggers of sudden cardiac death (SCD), particularly in the context of coronary artery disease (CAD)...
  59. Characterizing the role of the medial amygdala in sexually dimorphic behaviors
    Elizabeth K Unger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The amygdala is a deeply conserved evolutionary structure, including in humans, that is thought to control emotions and other instinctual responses...
  60. Chronic Psychological Stress and Arterial Stiffness in Korean Americans
    JEONGOK GANG LOGAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Chronic psychological stress will be operationalized by perceived stress and negative emotions. Arterial stiffness will be measured noninvasively by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity and augmentation index ..
  61. software to translate behavioral economic insights to improve health
    Karen Horgan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..With this project, we will bring the science of behavioral economics within reach of employers, insurers, provider organizations, and technology companies to improve health and health care for millions of Americans. ..
  62. Dopaminergic modulation of dentritic excitability
    Srdjan D Antic; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and dopaminergic systems in the frontal part of human brain, responsible for cognition, planning, control of emotions and decision making...
  63. Molecular biology of mesocortical and mesoaccumbens dopamine neurons
    JEFFREY EELLS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and attenuated mesocortical dopamine neurotransmission affecting negative symptoms (social withdrawal, blunted emotions, and cognitive deficits)...
  64. Fostering Self-Regulation in Infants and Toddlers with FASDs
    Blair Paley; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Early intervention aimed at enhancing these children's capacity to regulate their emotions and behavior would potentially represent a major advance in efforts to reduce the long-term adverse outcomes for ..
  65. HIDDEN EMOTIONS IN PREJUDICE
    Eric Vanman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Therefore the major goal of the proposed research is to apply recent research on emotions to prejudice...
  66. Complex pitch perception in very-early implanted children
    Rosalie Uchanski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..in noisy backgrounds, the ability to discriminate different talkers, the ability to discriminate different emotions in speech, music recognition, and tone-identification (for tone-languages such as Cantonese) are all still very ..
  67. FACIAL BEHAVIOR RELATED TO ACUTE DENTAL PAIN
    Linda LeResche; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The aims of the research are: 1. To quantify facial expressions of pain and six emotions (sadness, anger, fear, happiness, disgust and contempt) in patients experiencing pain from initial episodes of ..
  68. Reaction and Adaptation to Major Life Events
    Richard Lucas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..experience extreme emotional reactions to major life changes will inevitably return to their baseline levels of emotions after some period of time (and without intervention)...
  69. Extending Response Modulation to Children with Callous/Unemotional Traits
    SARAH HAAS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..CU traits refer to a shallow range of emotions including low empathy, a lack of guilt or remorse, and a lack of caring about behavioral performance...
  70. THE ROLE OF AFFECT REGULATION IN ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
    Cassandra Vieten; Fiscal Year: 2001
    Impairments in affect regulation, or the ability to manage emotions, have been implicated in the development and maintenance of alcohol dependence...
  71. Evaluation of a biobehavioral intervention for hot flashes
    Gary R Elkins; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..phenomenon accompanied by heart palpitations and sweating, hot flashes can also be accompanied by negative emotions such as anxiety and panic...
  72. INFANT DYSREGULATION--RISK FACTOR FOR PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
    KATHRYN KEENAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Dysregulation of behavior and emotions are among the primary deficits that characterize children's mental disorders...
  73. LONG QT SYNDROME:EMOTIONAL TRIGGERS OF CARDIAC EVENTS
    Richard Lane; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Retrospective studies using relatively insensitive measures suggest that emotions trigger events in all LQTS patients, especially in genotype-2 (LQT2) patients...
  74. Timely End-of-Life Communication to Parents of Children with Brain Tumors
    VERNA LEE FERGUSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study may help health care providers learn ways to provide timely information in sensitive ways in order for parents to make decisions regarding starting and/or ending treatments, and advanced care planning. ..
  75. fMRI of Unconscious Affect Processing in Adolescence
    Deborah Yurgelun Todd; Fiscal Year: 2003
    Despite the importance of the perception and processing of emotions to everyday human interaction, there is remarkably little understanding of the neurobiological substrates that influence these processes...
  76. Quantifying Children's Emotions with the Emotion Intensity-Linkage Function Model
    Michael Potegal; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Scientifically, tantrums are a window onto emotions so intense as to be otherwise inaccessible to observation...
  77. Impulsivity and Information Processing in Adolescent Cannabis Abuse
    Donald Dougherty; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Adolescence is a critical developmental period when young people learn to regulate their emotions and behaviors, and learn skills to cope with increased environmental demands and autonomy...
  78. Developing Genetic Education for Smoking Cessation
    Julia Houfek; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..information related to smoking and what effect this information may have on their smoking-related cognitions, emotions, and behaviors...
  79. A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Novel Weight Loss Intervention for Obesity
    Edie M Goldbacher; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..eaters, a previously untargeted group of obese individuals without binge eating disorder who respond to negative emotions by eating and, thus, are more vulnerable to difficulties with weight control...