emotions

Summary

Summary: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Emotion circuits in the brain
    J E Ledoux
    Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York 10003, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 23:155-84. 2000
  2. doi How do you feel--now? The anterior insula and human awareness
    A D Bud Craig
    Atkinson Research Laboratory, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Arizona 85013, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 10:59-70. 2009
  3. ncbi The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism
    S Baron-Cohen
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 42:241-51. 2001
  4. ncbi The cognitive control of emotion
    Kevin N Ochsner
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, Schermerhorn Hall, 1190 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:242-9. 2005
  5. ncbi Functional neuroanatomy of emotion: a meta-analysis of emotion activation studies in PET and fMRI
    K Luan Phan
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Neuroimage 16:331-48. 2002
  6. pmc The NimStim set of facial expressions: judgments from untrained research participants
    Nim Tottenham
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Psychiatry Res 168:242-9. 2009
  7. ncbi How brains beware: neural mechanisms of emotional attention
    Patrik Vuilleumier
    Laboratory for Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Department of Neurosciences and Clinic of Neurology, University Medical Center, Geneva, Switzerland
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:585-94. 2005
  8. pmc Functional neuroimaging of anxiety: a meta-analysis of emotional processing in PTSD, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobia
    Amit Etkin
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, 401 Quarry Rd, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:1476-88. 2007
  9. ncbi Self-referential processing in our brain--a meta-analysis of imaging studies on the self
    Georg Northoff
    Department of Neurology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuroimage 31:440-57. 2006
  10. ncbi Contributions of the amygdala to emotion processing: from animal models to human behavior
    Elizabeth A Phelps
    Department of Psychology, New York University, 4 6 Washington Place, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Neuron 48:175-87. 2005

Detail Information

Publications345 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Emotion circuits in the brain
    J E Ledoux
    Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York 10003, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 23:155-84. 2000
    ..With so much research being done in this area today, it is important that the mistakes of the past not be made again. It is also time to expand from this foundation into broader aspects of mind and behavior...
  2. doi How do you feel--now? The anterior insula and human awareness
    A D Bud Craig
    Atkinson Research Laboratory, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Arizona 85013, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 10:59-70. 2009
    ..New findings suggest a fundamental role for the AIC (and the von Economo neurons it contains) in awareness, and thus it needs to be considered as a potential neural correlate of consciousness...
  3. ncbi The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism
    S Baron-Cohen
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 42:241-51. 2001
    ..The Revised Eyes Test has improved power to detect subtle individual differences in social sensitivity...
  4. ncbi The cognitive control of emotion
    Kevin N Ochsner
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, Schermerhorn Hall, 1190 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:242-9. 2005
    ..Taken together, the results suggest a functional architecture for the cognitive control of emotion that dovetails with findings from other human and nonhuman research on emotion...
  5. ncbi Functional neuroanatomy of emotion: a meta-analysis of emotion activation studies in PET and fMRI
    K Luan Phan
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Neuroimage 16:331-48. 2002
    ..the brain into 20 nonoverlapping regions, and characterized each region by its responsiveness across individual emotions (positive, negative, happiness, fear, anger, sadness, disgust), to different induction methods (visual, auditory, ..
  6. pmc The NimStim set of facial expressions: judgments from untrained research participants
    Nim Tottenham
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Psychiatry Res 168:242-9. 2009
    ..The results lend empirical support for the validity and reliability of this set of facial expressions as determined by accurate identification of expressions and high intra-participant agreement across two testing sessions, respectively...
  7. ncbi How brains beware: neural mechanisms of emotional attention
    Patrik Vuilleumier
    Laboratory for Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Department of Neurosciences and Clinic of Neurology, University Medical Center, Geneva, Switzerland
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:585-94. 2005
    ..This work should help to elucidate the neural processes and temporal dynamics governing the integration of cognitive and affective influences in attention and behaviour...
  8. pmc Functional neuroimaging of anxiety: a meta-analysis of emotional processing in PTSD, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobia
    Amit Etkin
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, 401 Quarry Rd, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:1476-88. 2007
    ..The authors also compared these deficits to the neural systems engaged during anticipatory anxiety in healthy subjects...
  9. ncbi Self-referential processing in our brain--a meta-analysis of imaging studies on the self
    Georg Northoff
    Department of Neurology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuroimage 31:440-57. 2006
    ..We conclude that self-referential processing in CMS constitutes the core of our self and is critical for elaborating experiential feelings of self, uniting several distinct concepts evident in current neuroscience...
  10. ncbi Contributions of the amygdala to emotion processing: from animal models to human behavior
    Elizabeth A Phelps
    Department of Psychology, New York University, 4 6 Washington Place, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Neuron 48:175-87. 2005
    ....
  11. pmc Emotion processing and the amygdala: from a 'low road' to 'many roads' of evaluating biological significance
    Luiz Pessoa
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:773-83. 2010
    ..Under this revised framework, the cortex has a more important role in emotion processing than is traditionally assumed...
  12. ncbi Both of us disgusted in My insula: the common neural basis of seeing and feeling disgust
    Bruno Wicker
    Institut de Neurosciences Physiologiques et Cognitives, CNRS, Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 cedex 20, Marseille, France
    Neuron 40:655-64. 2003
    What neural mechanism underlies the capacity to understand the emotions of others? Does this mechanism involve brain areas normally involved in experiencing the same emotion? We performed an fMRI study in which participants inhaled ..
  13. ncbi The amygdala: vigilance and emotion
    M Davis
    Department of Psychiatry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Mol Psychiatry 6:13-34. 2001
    ..Where appropriate, we attempt to integrate basic information on normal amygdala function with our current understanding of psychiatric disorders, including pathological anxiety...
  14. ncbi Rethinking feelings: an FMRI study of the cognitive regulation of emotion
    Kevin N Ochsner
    Stanford University, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 14:1215-29. 2002
    ..These findings support the hypothesis that prefrontal cortex is involved in constructing reappraisal strategies that can modulate activity in multiple emotion-processing systems...
  15. ncbi For better or for worse: neural systems supporting the cognitive down- and up-regulation of negative emotion
    Kevin N Ochsner
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, 369 Schermerhorn Hall, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Neuroimage 23:483-99. 2004
    ....
  16. ncbi Neurobiology of emotion perception II: Implications for major psychiatric disorders
    Mary L Phillips
    Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 54:515-28. 2003
    ..We suggest that distinct patterns of structural and functional abnormalities in neural systems important for emotion processing are associated with specific symptoms of schizophrenia and bipolar and major depressive disorder...
  17. ncbi The neural basis of economic decision-making in the Ultimatum Game
    Alan G Sanfey
    Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Science 300:1755-8. 2003
    ..Further, significantly heightened activity in anterior insula for rejected unfair offers suggests an important role for emotions in decision-making.
  18. ncbi Emotion drives attention: detecting the snake in the grass
    A Ohman
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Exp Psychol Gen 130:466-78. 2001
    ..Thus, evolutionary relevant threatening stimuli were effective in capturing attention, and this effect was further facilitated if the stimulus was emotionally provocative...
  19. pmc Understanding emotions in others: mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders
    Mirella Dapretto
    Ahmanson Lovelace Brain Mapping Center, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, 90095, USA
    Nat Neurosci 9:28-30. 2006
    ..Notably, activity in this area was inversely related to symptom severity in the social domain, suggesting that a dysfunctional 'mirror neuron system' may underlie the social deficits observed in autism...
  20. pmc Affective picture processing: an integrative review of ERP findings
    Jonas K Olofsson
    Department of Psychology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Biol Psychol 77:247-65. 2008
    ..Theoretical issues, stimulus factors, task demands, and individual differences are discussed...
  21. pmc Functional atlas of emotional faces processing: a voxel-based meta-analysis of 105 functional magnetic resonance imaging studies
    Paolo Fusar-Poli
    Fusar Poli, Carletti, Allen, McGuire Section of Neuroimaging, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, United Kingdom
    J Psychiatry Neurosci 34:418-32. 2009
    ..Furthermore, such emotional processes are thought to be aberrant in a range of clinical disorders, including psychosis and depression. However, the exact neurofunctional maps underlying emotional facial processing are not well defined...
  22. ncbi The amygdala modulates the consolidation of memories of emotionally arousing experiences
    James L McGaugh
    Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, University of California, Irvine 92697 3800
    Annu Rev Neurosci 27:1-28. 2004
    ....
  23. ncbi Memory--a century of consolidation
    J L McGaugh
    the Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory and the Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Science 287:248-51. 2000
    ..This review examines the progress made over the century in understanding the time-dependent processes that create our lasting memories...
  24. ncbi Neural mechanisms of autonomic, affective, and cognitive integration
    Hugo D Critchley
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London UCL Autonomic Unit, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, UCL, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    J Comp Neurol 493:154-66. 2005
    ..Generation of visceral autonomic correlates of control reinforce experiential engagement in simulatory models and underpin concepts such as somatic markers to bridge the dualistic divide...
  25. ncbi Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: implications for affect, relationships, and well-being
    James J Gross
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, California 94305 2130, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 85:348-62. 2003
    ..Study 5 shows that using reappraisal is related positively to well-being, whereas using suppression is related negatively...
  26. ncbi Brain systems mediating cognitive interference by emotional distraction
    Florin Dolcos
    Brain Imaging and Analysis Center, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Neurosci 26:2072-9. 2006
    ....
  27. ncbi Neural systems supporting interoceptive awareness
    Hugo D Critchley
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, and Autonomic Unit, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College London Hospitals, UK
    Nat Neurosci 7:189-95. 2004
    ..These findings indicate that right anterior insula supports a representation of visceral responses accessible to awareness, providing a substrate for subjective feeling states...
  28. ncbi Empathy: Its ultimate and proximate bases
    Stephanie D Preston
    University of Iowa Hospital and Clinics, 2RCP Neurology Clinic, Iowa City, IA 52242
    Behav Brain Sci 25:1-20; discussion 20-71. 2002
    ..This mechanism supports basic behaviors (e.g., alarm, social facilitation, vicariousness of emotions, mother-infant responsiveness, and the modeling of competitors and predators) that are crucial for the ..
  29. ncbi Emotion and motivation: the role of the amygdala, ventral striatum, and prefrontal cortex
    Rudolf N Cardinal
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EB, UK
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 26:321-52. 2002
    b>Emotions are multifaceted, but a key aspect of emotion involves the assessment of the value of environmental stimuli...
  30. ncbi The emotional dog and its rational tail: a social intuitionist approach to moral judgment
    J Haidt
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, P O Box 400400, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 4400, USA
    Psychol Rev 108:814-34. 2001
    ..The model is more consistent that rationalist models with recent findings in social, cultural, evolutionary, and biological psychology, as well as in anthropology and primatology...
  31. ncbi Distributed and interactive brain mechanisms during emotion face perception: evidence from functional neuroimaging
    Patrik Vuilleumier
    Laboratory for Behavioral Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Clinic of Neurology, University Hospital of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Neuropsychologia 45:174-94. 2007
    ..The functional implications of these interactions remain to be fully explored, but might play an important role in the normal development of face processing skills and in some neuropsychiatric disorders...
  32. ncbi The neural bases of cognitive conflict and control in moral judgment
    Joshua D Greene
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Neuron 44:389-400. 2004
    ..We speculate that the controversy surrounding utilitarian moral philosophy reflects an underlying tension between competing subsystems in the brain...
  33. doi A common role of insula in feelings, empathy and uncertainty
    Tania Singer
    Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:334-40. 2009
    ..Such mechanisms could facilitate affective learning and regulation of body homeostasis, and could also guide decision making in complex and uncertain environments...
  34. ncbi Cognitive neuroscience of emotional memory
    Kevin S LaBar
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 7:54-64. 2006
    ..Recent advances are revealing new insights into the reactivation of latent emotional associations and the recollection of personal episodes from the remote past...
  35. ncbi Uniquely human social cognition
    Rebecca Saxe
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology 46 4019, 43 Vassar St, Cambridge MA, 02138, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 16:235-9. 2006
    ....
  36. pmc Prefrontal-subcortical pathways mediating successful emotion regulation
    Tor D Wager
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Neuron 59:1037-50. 2008
    ..These results provide direct evidence that vlPFC is involved in both the generation and regulation of emotion through different subcortical pathways, suggesting a general role for this region in appraisal processes...
  37. ncbi A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of amygdala and medial prefrontal cortex responses to overtly presented fearful faces in posttraumatic stress disorder
    Lisa M Shin
    Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, Mass, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:273-81. 2005
    ..Previous functional neuroimaging studies have demonstrated exaggerated amygdala responses and diminished medial prefrontal cortex responses during the symptomatic state in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  38. ncbi Unconscious facial reactions to emotional facial expressions
    U Dimberg
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Box 1225, S 751 42 Uppsala, Sweden
    Psychol Sci 11:86-9. 2000
    ..Our results show that both positive and negative emotional reactions can be unconsciously evoked, and particularly that important aspects of emotional face-to-face communication can occur on an unconscious level...
  39. ncbi Neurobiology of emotion perception I: The neural basis of normal emotion perception
    Mary L Phillips
    Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 54:504-14. 2003
    ..We suggest that the extent to which a stimulus is identified as emotive and is associated with the production of an affective state may be dependent upon levels of activity within these two neural systems...
  40. ncbi Increased amygdala and decreased dorsolateral prefrontal BOLD responses in unipolar depression: related and independent features
    Greg J Siegle
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 61:198-209. 2007
    ..These mechanisms have been hypothesized to interact in depression. This study explored relationships between amygdala and DLPFC activity during emotional and cognitive information processing in unipolar depression...
  41. ncbi Resolving emotional conflict: a role for the rostral anterior cingulate cortex in modulating activity in the amygdala
    Amit Etkin
    Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University Medical Center, Neurological Institute Box 108, 710 West 168th Street, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Neuron 51:871-82. 2006
    ..These data suggest that emotional conflict is resolved through top-down inhibition of amygdalar activity by the rostral cingulate cortex...
  42. ncbi To what extent are emotional visual stimuli processed without attention and awareness?
    Luiz Pessoa
    Department of Psychology, Brown University, 89 Waterman Street, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 15:188-96. 2005
    ..A better understanding of the neural basis of emotional perception and how it relates to visual attention and awareness is likely to require further refinement of the concepts of automaticity and awareness...
  43. ncbi Activity and connectivity of brain mood regulating circuit in depression: a functional magnetic resonance study
    Amit Anand
    Department of Psychiatry, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 57:1079-88. 2005
    ..In this study, using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI), we investigated differences in cortico-limbic activity and connectivity between depressed patients and healthy controls...
  44. pmc Neural processing of emotional faces requires attention
    L Pessoa
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, Building 10, Room 4C104, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:11458-63. 2002
    ..Thus, the processing of facial expression appears to be under top-down control...
  45. ncbi Embodying emotion
    Paula M Niedenthal
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS and University of Clermont Ferrand, France
    Science 316:1002-5. 2007
    ..Taken all together, recent findings provide a scientific account of the familiar contention that "when you're smiling, the whole world smiles with you."..
  46. ncbi A mechanism for impaired fear recognition after amygdala damage
    Ralph Adolphs
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Nature 433:68-72. 2005
    ..Since then, the importance of the amygdala in processing information about facial emotions has been borne out by a number of lesion and functional imaging studies...
  47. ncbi Electrophysiological correlates of rapid spatial orienting towards fearful faces
    Gilles Pourtois
    Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, University of Geneva, Switzerland
    Cereb Cortex 14:619-33. 2004
    ..These results provide evidence for neural mechanisms allowing rapid, exogenous spatial orienting of attention towards fear stimuli...
  48. pmc Functional grouping and cortical-subcortical interactions in emotion: a meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies
    Hedy Kober
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Neuroimage 42:998-1031. 2008
    ..g., "anger," "fear"). Such brain-based analyses are critical if our ways of labeling emotions are to be evaluated and revised based on consistency with brain data...
  49. ncbi Subcortical and ventral prefrontal cortical neural responses to facial expressions distinguish patients with bipolar disorder and major depression
    Natalia S Lawrence
    Section of Neuroscience and Emotion, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 55:578-87. 2004
    ..We compared responses within subcortical and prefrontal cortical regions to emotionally salient material in patients with BP and MDD using functional magnetic resonance imaging...
  50. doi Neural bases of the non-conscious perception of emotional signals
    Marco Tamietto
    Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Tilburg University, P O Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:697-709. 2010
    ..Understanding the neural bases of the non-conscious perception of emotional signals will clarify the phylogenetic continuity of emotion systems across species and the integration of cortical and subcortical activity in the human brain...
  51. ncbi Distant influences of amygdala lesion on visual cortical activation during emotional face processing
    Patrik Vuilleumier
    Laboratory for Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Department of Neurology and Neurosciences, Centre Medical Universitaire, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland
    Nat Neurosci 7:1271-8. 2004
    ..Our data show that combining the fMRI and lesion approaches can help reveal the source of functional modulatory influences between distant but interconnected brain regions...
  52. ncbi Social cognitive neuroscience: a review of core processes
    Matthew D Lieberman
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 1563, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:259-89. 2007
    ....
  53. ncbi When the social mirror breaks: deficits in automatic, but not voluntary, mimicry of emotional facial expressions in autism
    Daniel N McIntosh
    Department of Psychology, University of Denver, CO 80208, USA
    Dev Sci 9:295-302. 2006
    ..The data suggest that autism is associated with an impairment of a basic automatic social-emotion process. Results have implications for understanding typical and atypical social cognition...
  54. ncbi Can't shake that feeling: event-related fMRI assessment of sustained amygdala activity in response to emotional information in depressed individuals
    Greg J Siegle
    University of Pittsburgh Medical School and Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 51:693-707. 2002
    ..This study examined whether brain activity in response to emotional stimuli was sustained in depressed individuals, even following subsequent distracting stimuli...
  55. ncbi Human emotion and memory: interactions of the amygdala and hippocampal complex
    Elizabeth A Phelps
    Department of Psychology, 6 Washington Place, 8 th floor, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 14:198-202. 2004
    ..Although these are independent memory systems, they act in concert when emotion meets memory...
  56. ncbi Emotion and motivation I: defensive and appetitive reactions in picture processing
    M M Bradley
    Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, Health Sciences Center, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610-0165, USA
    Emotion 1:276-98. 2001
    ....
  57. pmc What does the amygdala contribute to social cognition?
    Ralph Adolphs
    California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1191:42-61. 2010
    ..These aspects help to clarify the amygdala's contributions to recognizing emotion from faces, to social behavior toward conspecifics, and to reward learning and instrumental behavior...
  58. ncbi Oxytocin enhances amygdala-dependent, socially reinforced learning and emotional empathy in humans
    Rene Hurlemann
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Bonn, 53105 Bonn, Germany
    J Neurosci 30:4999-5007. 2010
    ..Overall these findings provide the first demonstration that OT can facilitate amygdala-dependent, socially reinforced learning and emotional empathy in men...
  59. ncbi Emotion regulation: affective, cognitive, and social consequences
    James J Gross
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, California 94305 2130, USA
    Psychophysiology 39:281-91. 2002
    One of life's great challenges is successfully regulating emotions. Do some emotion regulation strategies have more to recommend them than others? According to Gross's (1998, Review of General Psychology, 2, 271-299) process model of ..
  60. ncbi The emotional Stroop task and psychopathology
    J M Williams
    Department of Psychology, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd
    Psychol Bull 120:3-24. 1996
    ..They address the causes and mechanisms underlying the phenomenon, focusing on J.D. Cohen, K. Dunbar, and J.L. McClelland's (1990) parallel distributed processing model...
  61. ncbi Amygdala-prefrontal coupling depends on a genetic variation of the serotonin transporter
    Andreas Heinz
    Department of Psychiatry, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Campus Charite Mitte, Schumannstr 20 21, 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Nat Neurosci 8:20-1. 2005
    ..s carriers also showed greater coupling between the amygdala and the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, which may contribute to the abnormally high activity in the amygdala and medial prefrontal cortex seen in major depression...
  62. pmc The pupil as a measure of emotional arousal and autonomic activation
    Margaret M Bradley
    Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, Box 112766, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Psychophysiology 45:602-7. 2008
    ..Taken together, the data provide strong support for the hypothesis that the pupil's response during affective picture viewing reflects emotional arousal associated with increased sympathetic activity...
  63. ncbi The neural basis of altruistic punishment
    Dominique J F de Quervain
    Division of Psychiatry Research, University of Zurich, Lenggstrasse 31, 8029 Zurich, Switzerland
    Science 305:1254-8. 2004
    ..Our findings support the hypothesis that people derive satisfaction from punishing norm violations and that the activation in the dorsal striatum reflects the anticipated satisfaction from punishing defectors...
  64. ncbi Individual differences in trait anxiety predict the response of the basolateral amygdala to unconsciously processed fearful faces
    Amit Etkin
    Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University Medical Center, fMRI Research Center, 170 West 168th Street, Box 108, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Neuron 44:1043-55. 2004
    ..These findings provide a biological basis for the unconscious emotional vigilance characteristic of anxiety and a means for investigating the mechanisms and efficacy of treatments for anxiety...
  65. ncbi Towards the neurobiology of emotional body language
    Beatrice de Gelder
    Cognitive and Affective Neurosciences Laboratory, Tilburg University, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Nat Rev Neurosci 7:242-9. 2006
    ..This article reviews how whole-body signals are automatically perceived and understood, and their role in emotional communication and decision-making...
  66. doi On the relationship between emotion and cognition
    Luiz Pessoa
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, and Programs in Neuroscience and Cognitive Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 9:148-58. 2008
    ..Central to cognitive-emotional interactions are brain areas with a high degree of connectivity, called hubs, which are critical for regulating the flow and integration of information between regions...
  67. ncbi The neural correlates of moral sensitivity: a functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of basic and moral emotions
    Jorge Moll
    Neuroimaging and Behavioral Neurology Group, Hospitais D Or and LABS, RJ, 22281 081, Brazil
    J Neurosci 22:2730-6. 2002
    ..Although the brain correlates of basic emotions have been explored, the neural organization of "moral emotions" in the human brain remains poorly understood...
  68. pmc Pain and emotion interactions in subregions of the cingulate gyrus
    Brent A Vogt
    Cingulum NeuroSciences Institute and SUNY Upstate Medical University, Department of Neuroscience and Physiology, 4435 Stephanie Drive, Manlius, New York 13104, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:533-44. 2005
    ..Here, we assess pain and emotion in each cingulate subregion, and assess whether pain is co-localized with negative affect. Amazingly, these activation patterns do not simply overlap...
  69. ncbi Subcortical and cortical brain activity during the feeling of self-generated emotions
    A R Damasio
    Department of Neurology Division of Cognitive Neuroscience and PET Imaging Center, University of Iowa College of Medicine, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Nat Neurosci 3:1049-56. 2000
    ..We tested the hypothesis that the process of feeling emotions requires the participation of brain regions, such as the somatosensory cortices and the upper brainstem nuclei, ..
  70. ncbi How emotions colour our perception of time
    Sylvie Droit-Volet
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale et Cognitive, CNRS UMR 6024, Universite Blaise Pascal, 34 Avenue Carnot, 63037, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:504-13. 2007
    Our sense of time is altered by our emotions to such an extent that time seems to fly when we are having fun and drags when we are bored...
  71. ncbi Two systems of resting state connectivity between the insula and cingulate cortex
    Keri S Taylor
    Division of Brain, Imaging and Behavior Systems Neuroscience, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:2731-45. 2009
    ....
  72. ncbi The neural basis of visual body perception
    Marius V Peelen
    Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology, Brigantia Building, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd, LL57 2AS, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 8:636-48. 2007
    ..body-selective regions, which can be dissociated from regions involved in face perception, have been implicated in the perception of the self and the 'body schema', the perception of others' emotions and the understanding of actions.
  73. pmc Cognitive control mechanisms, emotion and memory: a neural perspective with implications for psychopathology
    Marie T Banich
    Institute of Cognitive Science, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80305, USA
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 33:613-30. 2009
    ..Finally, we consider tentative generalizations that can be drawn from this relatively unexplored conjunction of research endeavors...
  74. ncbi Effective connectivity within the distributed cortical network for face perception
    Scott L Fairhall
    Institute of Neuroradiology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Cereb Cortex 17:2400-6. 2007
    ..Our results demonstrate content-specific dynamic alterations in the functional coupling between visual-limbic and visual-prefrontal face-responsive pathways...
  75. doi Emotional responses to music: the need to consider underlying mechanisms
    Patrik N Juslin
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Behav Brain Sci 31:559-75; discussion 575-621. 2008
    Research indicates that people value music primarily because of the emotions it evokes. Yet, the notion of musical emotions remains controversial, and researchers have so far been unable to offer a satisfactory account of such emotions...
  76. ncbi A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust
    M L Phillips
    Department of Psychological Medicine, King s College School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK
    Nature 389:495-8. 1997
    ..of facial expressions is critical to our appreciation of the social and physical environment, with separate emotions having distinct facial expressions...
  77. ncbi Cardiovascular, electrodermal, and respiratory response patterns to fear- and sadness-inducing films
    Sylvia D Kreibig
    Department of Psychology, Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Psychophysiology 44:787-806. 2007
    ..Findings are discussed in terms of the fight-flight and conservation-withdrawal responses and possible limitations of a valence-arousal categorization of emotion in affective space...
  78. doi Standing up for the body. Recent progress in uncovering the networks involved in the perception of bodies and bodily expressions
    Beatrice de Gelder
    Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Tilburg University, P O Box 90153, 5000LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 34:513-27. 2010
    ....
  79. ncbi Regret and its avoidance: a neuroimaging study of choice behavior
    Giorgio Coricelli
    Neuropsychology Group, Institut des Sciences Cognitives, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 67 Boulevard Pinel 69675, Bron, France
    Nat Neurosci 8:1255-62. 2005
    Human decisions can be shaped by predictions of emotions that ensue after choosing advantageously or disadvantageously. Indeed, anticipating regret is a powerful predictor of future choices...
  80. doi Two systems for empathy: a double dissociation between emotional and cognitive empathy in inferior frontal gyrus versus ventromedial prefrontal lesions
    Simone G Shamay-Tsoory
    Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel
    Brain 132:617-27. 2009
    ..The pattern of empathy deficits among patients with VM and IFG lesions represents a first direct evidence of a double dissociation between emotional and cognitive empathy using the lesion method...
  81. ncbi Valence, gender, and lateralization of functional brain anatomy in emotion: a meta-analysis of findings from neuroimaging
    Tor D Wager
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Neuroimage 19:513-31. 2003
    ..In an earlier report (NeuroImage 16 (2002), 331). we examined the effects of induction method, specific emotions, and cognitive demand in emotional tasks...
  82. ncbi A role for somatosensory cortices in the visual recognition of emotion as revealed by three-dimensional lesion mapping
    R Adolphs
    Department of Neurology, Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    J Neurosci 20:2683-90. 2000
    ..with focal brain lesions, using three different tasks that assessed the recognition and naming of six basic emotions from facial expressions...
  83. ncbi Dissociable neural systems resolve conflict from emotional versus nonemotional distracters
    Tobias Egner
    Functional MRI Research Center, Columbia University, Neurological Institute, Box 108, 710 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Cereb Cortex 18:1475-84. 2008
    ..These data suggest that the neuroanatomical networks recruited to overcome conflict vary systematically with the nature of the conflict, but that they may share a common conflict-detection mechanism...
  84. ncbi Neural responses during anticipation of a primary taste reward
    JOHN P O'DOHERTY
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, 12 Queen Square, WC1 3BG, London, United Kingdom
    Neuron 33:815-26. 2002
    ..Apart from OFC, these regions were not activated by reward receipt. The findings indicate that when rewards are predictable, brain regions recruited during expectation are, in part, dissociable from areas responding to reward receipt...
  85. ncbi Investigating emotion with music: an fMRI study
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 27:239-50. 2006
    ....
  86. ncbi Supramodal representations of perceived emotions in the human brain
    Marius V Peelen
    Center for Mind Brain Sciences, University of Trento, Rovereto TN, Italy
    J Neurosci 30:10127-34. 2010
    ..which they are perceived? To address this question, in the present study participants evaluated the intensity of emotions perceived from face movements, body movements, or vocal intonations, while their brain activity was measured with ..
  87. ncbi A model of neurovisceral integration in emotion regulation and dysregulation
    J F Thayer
    National Institute of Aging Gerontology Research Center, 5600 Nathan Shock Drive, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    J Affect Disord 61:201-16. 2000
    ..From this perspective, the relative sympathetic activation seen in anxiety disorders may represent dis-inhibition due to faulty inhibitory mechanisms...
  88. ncbi Dysfunction in the neural circuitry of emotion regulation--a possible prelude to violence
    R J Davidson
    Laboratory for Affective Neuroscience and W M Keck Laboratory for Functional Brain Imaging and Behavior, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Science 289:591-4. 2000
    ..Individuals vulnerable to faulty regulation of negative emotion are at risk for violence and aggression. Research on the neural circuitry of emotion regulation suggests new avenues of intervention for such at-risk populations...
  89. doi Towards a neural basis of music-evoked emotions
    Stefan Koelsch
    Cluster of Excellence Languages of Emotion, Freie Universitat Berlin, Habelschwerdter Allee 45, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:131-7. 2010
    Music is capable of evoking exceptionally strong emotions and of reliably affecting the mood of individuals...
  90. pmc Evidence for mirror systems in emotions
    J A C J Bastiaansen
    BCN Neuroimaging Center, University of Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 2, 9713 AW Groningen, The Netherlands
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2391-404. 2009
    ..We will show that seeing the emotions of others also recruits regions involved in experiencing similar emotions, although there does not seem to be a ..
  91. ncbi On the role of attention for the processing of emotions in speech: sex differences revisited
    Annett Schirmer
    Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, 30602 Georgia, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 24:442-52. 2005
    ..This suggests that the presence of sex differences in emotional-prosodic priming depends on whether or not participants are instructed to take emotional prosody into account...
  92. ncbi Functional imaging of face and hand imitation: towards a motor theory of empathy
    Kenneth R Leslie
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences and Center for Cognitive Neurosciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover NH 03755, USA
    Neuroimage 21:601-7. 2004
    ..This result is consistent with evidence for right hemisphere (RH) dominance for emotional processing, and suggests that there may be a right hemisphere mirroring system that could provide a neural substrate for empathy...
  93. ncbi On emotional conflict: interference resolution of happy and angry prosody reveals valence-specific effects
    Matthias Wittfoth
    Department of Neurology, Hannover Medical School, D 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Cereb Cortex 20:383-92. 2010
    ..Furthermore, our study extends the knowledge of these processes by suggesting valence-specific differences of emotional conflict processing...
  94. ncbi When emotional prosody and semantics dance cheek to cheek: ERP evidence
    Sonja A Kotz
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, PO Box 500 355, 04303, Leipzig, Germany
    Brain Res 1151:107-18. 2007
    ..These differences suggest that the interaction of more than one emotional channel facilitates subtle transitions in an emotional sentence context...
  95. ncbi Emotions and preventive health behavior: worry, regret, and influenza vaccination
    Gretchen B Chapman
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 8020, USA
    Health Psychol 25:82-90. 2006
    ..Second, the anticipated level of emotions differed systematically from experienced emotions, such that vaccinated individuals anticipated more regret and ..
  96. doi Automatic mood-congruent amygdala responses to masked facial expressions in major depression
    Thomas Suslow
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Munster, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Biol Psychiatry 67:155-60. 2010
    ..Assessing neurobiological substrates of automatic emotion processing might be a more sensitive challenge for automatic negative bias in depression than behavioral measures...
  97. pmc Emotional processing in anterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex
    Amit Etkin
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 15:85-93. 2011
    ..In this review, we examine a wealth of recent research on negative emotions in animals and humans, using the example of fear or anxiety, and conclude that, contrary to the traditional ..
  98. doi Similarities and differences in perceiving threat from dynamic faces and bodies. An fMRI study
    M E Kret
    Cognitive and Affective Neurosciences Laboratory, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 54:1755-62. 2011
    ..Emotion-specific effects were found in TPJ and FG for bodies and faces alike. EBA and superior temporal sulcus (STS) were more activated by threatening bodies...
  99. doi Looking on the bright side of serotonin transporter gene variation
    Judith R Homberg
    Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, Centre for Neuroscience, Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychiatry 69:513-9. 2011
    ..This notion may not only explain the modest effect size of the 5-HTTLPR and inconsistent reports but may also lead to a more refined appreciation of allelic variation in 5-HTT function...
  100. doi Autonomic nervous system activity in emotion: a review
    Sylvia D Kreibig
    Department of Psychology, University of Geneva and Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, Geneva, Switzerland
    Biol Psychol 84:394-421. 2010
    ..of strong response idiosyncrasies, to highly specific predictions of autonomic response patterns for certain emotions. A review of 134 publications that report experimental investigations of emotional effects on peripheral ..
  101. ncbi Detection of emotional faces: salient physical features guide effective visual search
    Manuel G Calvo
    Department of Cognitive Psychology, University of La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
    J Exp Psychol Gen 137:471-94. 2008
    ..PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved)...

Research Grants97

  1. Amygdala: sex differences in behavior, cognition, and neuroendocrine development
    Kim Wallen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..provided by applicant): The amygdala, a sexually differentiated brain structure intimately involved in emotions, cognition, social behavior, and sexuality, is particularly important in monkeys for recognizing and responding ..
  2. The Course of Regulation and Dysregulation in Children
    Nancy Eisenberg; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., expression of emotion, sensitivity, warmth, reactions to children's negative emotions) and heredity (using genes linked to EC and/or adjustment) to children's regulation/control and adjustment, ..
  3. Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical Illness
    Eva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Emotions are emergent events constrained by affective and conceptual processes.
    Lisa Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The Conceptual Act Model asks different [unreadable]and perhaps better [unreadable]questions about what emotions are and how they function in mental and physical health...
  5. Interactions Between Depression, Neuroinflammation and Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3
    Eleonore Beurel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..increased cytokines associated with a mild stimulation of the primary host defense system has negative effects on emotions, antidepressants have anti-inflammatory effects, and immune activation in patients with major depression is ..
  6. DEVELOPMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MRI DIFFUSION TENSOR PATHWAY CHANGES IN AUTISM
    THOMAS EDWARD CONTURO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..water movements (diffusion) across nerve fibers within white matter pathways used for recognizing faces and face emotions (critical aspects of social interaction and non-verbal communication)...
  7. Molecular biology of mesocortical and mesoaccumbens dopamine neurons
    JEFFREY EELLS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and attenuated mesocortical dopamine neurotransmission affecting negative symptoms (social withdrawal, blunted emotions, and cognitive deficits)...
  8. Oxytocin Receptors and Social Behavior
    Larry J Young; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Intranasal administration of OT in humans increases attention to social cues, gazing into the eyes, inferring the emotions of others, trust and socially reinforced learning...
  9. Treatment Development Targeting Positive Affect Function in Adolescent Depression
    Dana L McMakin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..there may be windows of brain plasticity during adolescence when certain skills for effectively managing affect (emotions and motivations) may best be acquired...
  10. The Course of Regulation and Dysregulation in Children
    TRACY LORRAINE SPINRAD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., expression of emotion, sensitivity, warmth, reactions to children's negative emotions) and heredity (using genes linked to EC and/or adjustment) to children's regulation/control and adjustment, ..
  11. Frontotemporal Dementia: Genes, Images and Emotions
    Bruce Miller; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Trojanowski and Lee). The Clinical and Administrative Core will also interact extensively with the Data Management and Biostatistics Core (Dr. Fox) for data management, data quality, and data analysis functions. ..
  12. Frontotemporal Dementia: Genes, Images and Emotions
    Bruce Miller; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Trojanowski and Lee). The Clinical and Administrative Core will also interact extensively with the Data Management and Biostatistics Core (Dr. Fox) for data management, data quality, and data analysis functions. ..
  13. Young Development of a Novel PET Ligand for Detecting Oxytocin Receptors in Brain
    Larry J Young; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..intranasal OT enhances interpersonal trust, eye-to-eye contact, memory of faces, and the ability to infer the emotions of others...
  14. Optimizing HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis through Shared Decision Making
    DOUGLAS SCOTT KRAKOWER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..By helping patients make informed decisions regarding PrEP use, this intervention may enhance PrEP adherence and thus maximize the impact of this prevention strategy on the HIV epidemic. ..
  15. Young Development of a Novel PET Ligand for Detecting Oxytocin Receptors in Brain
    Larry J Young; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..intranasal OT enhances interpersonal trust, eye-to-eye contact, memory of faces, and the ability to infer the emotions of others...
  16. Self-Regulation & Attentional Mechanisms of Sexual Risk Taking in Young Drinkers
    KATHRYN MACAPAGAL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..target for intervention, involves the concept of self-regulation, or the capacity to override desires, thoughts, emotions, and behavior patterns that otherwise might lead to potentially undesirable outcomes...
  17. Fostering Self-Regulation in Infants and Toddlers with FASDs
    Blair Paley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Early intervention aimed at enhancing these children's capacity to regulate their emotions and behavior would potentially represent a major advance in efforts to reduce the long-term adverse outcomes for ..
  18. Fostering Self-Regulation in Infants and Toddlers with FASDs
    Blair Paley; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Early intervention aimed at enhancing these children's capacity to regulate their emotions and behavior would potentially represent a major advance in efforts to reduce the long-term adverse outcomes for ..
  19. HIDDEN EMOTIONS IN PREJUDICE
    Eric Vanman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Therefore the major goal of the proposed research is to apply recent research on emotions to prejudice...
  20. Complex pitch perception in very-early implanted children
    Rosalie Uchanski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..in noisy backgrounds, the ability to discriminate different talkers, the ability to discriminate different emotions in speech, music recognition, and tone-identification (for tone-languages such as Cantonese) are all still very ..
  21. Complex pitch perception in very-early implanted children
    Rosalie Uchanski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..in noisy backgrounds, the ability to discriminate different talkers, the ability to discriminate different emotions in speech, music recognition, and tone-identification (for tone-languages such as Cantonese) are all still very ..
  22. Stress reactivity, cortisol, and obesity in low-income children
    ALISON L contact MILLER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..are significantly more likely to be obese, experience chronic stress, and have difficulty self-regulating their emotions and behavior in response to stress...
  23. Jail-Based Treatment to Reduce Substance Abuse, Recidivism and Risky Behavior
    June P Tangney; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project imports social-personality theory and research on moral emotions and cognitions to the applied problems of crime, substance abuse, and HIV risk behavior...
  24. Amygdala: sex differences in behavior, cognition, and neuroendocrine development
    Kim Wallen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provided by applicant): The amygdala, a sexually differentiated brain structure intimately involved in emotions, cognition, social behavior, and sexuality, is particularly important in monkeys for recognizing and responding ..
  25. Amygdala: sex differences in behavior, cognition, and neuroendocrine development
    Kim Wallen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    The amygdala, a sexually differentiated brain structure intimately involved in emotions, cognition, social behavior, and sexuality, is particularly important in monkeys for recognizing and responding to social context and danger...
  26. Reaction and Adaptation to Major Life Events
    Richard Lucas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..experience extreme emotional reactions to major life changes will inevitably return to their baseline levels of emotions after some period of time (and without intervention)...
  27. FACIAL BEHAVIOR RELATED TO ACUTE DENTAL PAIN
    Linda LeResche; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The aims of the research are: 1. To quantify facial expressions of pain and six emotions (sadness, anger, fear, happiness, disgust and contempt) in patients experiencing pain from initial episodes of ..
  28. Extending Response Modulation to Children with Callous/Unemotional Traits
    SARAH HAAS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..CU traits refer to a shallow range of emotions including low empathy, a lack of guilt or remorse, and a lack of caring about behavioral performance...
  29. Comparison of Integrative Response Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Guide
    Athena Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..IRT teaches effective ways to cope with aversive emotions and reframe faulty cognitions while reducing vulnerabilities that are likely to lead to problematic emotional ..
  30. Development of Medial Temporal Lobe Function
    JOCELYNE H BACHEVALIER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..resulting in severe disabilities in the realms of perception, memory, language thinking, experience of emotions and social intelligence that span the entire life...
  31. EMOTIONS
    Robert Levenson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..reactivity, emotional regulation, and emotional knowledge; (c) major classes of emotion, including negative emotions, positive emotions, and self-conscious emotions; (d) different contexts in which emotions occur, including when ..
  32. Internalization of Moral Standards in Young Children
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..is on the early development of conscience, which is seen as an increasingly complex system that encompasses moral emotions, behavioral self-regulation, moral understanding, and the moral self...
  33. Internalization of Moral Standards in Young Children
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..is on the early development of conscience, which is seen as an increasingly complex system that encompasses moral emotions, behavioral self-regulation, moral understanding, and the moral self...
  34. Emotion Regulation in Adolescence: A Social Affective Neuroscience Approach
    JENNIFER SILK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A major dimension of these serious health problems is related to difficulties with the control of emotions. In order to understand how challenges to emotion regulation during adolescence contribute to specific health ..
  35. Emotion Regulation in Adolescence: A Social Affective Neuroscience Approach
    JENNIFER SILK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A major dimension of these serious health problems is related to difficulties with the control of emotions. In order to understand how challenges to emotion regulation during adolescence contribute to specific health ..
  36. THE ROLE OF AFFECT REGULATION IN ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
    Cassandra Vieten; Fiscal Year: 2000
    Impairments in affect regulation, or the ability to manage emotions, have been implicated in the development and maintenance of alcohol dependence...
  37. ADAPT: After Deployment Adaptive Parenting Tools
    BRION contact MARQUEZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In Phase I, we will develop modules for understanding emotions and acquiring the skills for regulating emotions...
  38. Self-Regulation Failure: Identifying and Modifying a Risk Phenotype
    TIMOTHY J contact STRAUMAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..states to pursue desired goals, bring our behavior in line with internal/external standards, manage our emotions, and cope with challenges and opportunities that arise...
  39. EMOTION AND AGING--COGNITIVE PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY
    Peter Lang; Fiscal Year: 1992
    Our goal is to study the psychophysiological patterns of expressed emotions in aging women...
  40. Self-Regulation Failure: Identifying and Modifying a Risk Phenotype
    TIMOTHY J contact STRAUMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..states to pursue desired goals, bring our behavior in line with internal/external standards, manage our emotions, and cope with challenges and opportunities that arise...
  41. THE ROLE OF AFFECT REGULATION IN ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
    Cassandra Vieten; Fiscal Year: 2001
    Impairments in affect regulation, or the ability to manage emotions, have been implicated in the development and maintenance of alcohol dependence...
  42. Negative Affect, Urges and Distress Tolerance, Effects on Cognition in AUDs
    Travis Cook; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Strong negative emotions may make complex thinking more difficult...
  43. Adolescent HIV Risk: Links with Unsupportive Parenting and Maladaptive Coping
    JASON DANIEL JONES; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..evidence indicates that family variables and the manner in which individuals cope with distress and regulate emotions are important predictors of adolescent HIV risk behaviors (Brooks, Harris, Thrall, &Woods, 2002;Cooper, ..
  44. Evaluation of a biobehavioral intervention for hot flashes
    Gary R Elkins; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..phenomenon accompanied by heart palpitations and sweating, hot flashes can also be accompanied by negative emotions such as anxiety and panic...
  45. Evaluation of a biobehavioral intervention for hot flashes
    Debra Barton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..phenomenon accompanied by heart palpitations and sweating, hot flashes can also be accompanied by negative emotions such as anxiety and panic...
  46. Affect, Rehearsal, and Dysphoria in Human Memory
    W Walker; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Research in human memory indicates that negative emotions fade faster in memory than positive emotions (the Fading Affect Bias), that this bias is substantially weakened by mild depression (dysphoria), and that these effects are related ..
  47. INFANT DYSREGULATION--RISK FACTOR FOR PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
    KATHRYN KEENAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Dysregulation of behavior and emotions are among the primary deficits that characterize children's mental disorders...
  48. INFANT DYSREGULATION--RISK FACTOR FOR PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
    KATHRYN KEENAN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Dysregulation of behavior and emotions are among the primary deficits that characterize children's mental disorders...
  49. INFANT DYSREGULATION--RISK FACTOR FOR PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
    KATHRYN KEENAN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Dysregulation of behavior and emotions are among the primary deficits that characterize children's mental disorders...
  50. INFANT DYSREGULATION--RISK FACTOR FOR PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
    KATHRYN KEENAN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Dysregulation of behavior and emotions are among the primary deficits that characterize children's mental disorders...
  51. Type 1 Diabetes and Depression: Role of Brain Glutamate
    Nicolas R Bolo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..two brain regions: the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), known to play an essential role in the regulation of emotions, and a control occipital cortex region...
  52. Developmental Pathways to Antisocial Behavior: A Translational Research Program
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Conscience, a complex system encompassing moral emotions, behavioral self-regulation, moral understanding, and the moral self, is perhaps the single most powerful factor ..
  53. Developmental Pathways to Antisocial Behavior: A Translational Research Program
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Conscience, a complex system encompassing moral emotions, behavioral self-regulation, moral understanding, and the moral self, is perhaps the single most powerful factor ..
  54. Internalization of Moral Standards in Young Children
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..is on the early development of conscience, which is seen as an increasingly complex system that encompasses moral emotions, behavioral self-regulation, moral understanding, and the moral self...
  55. Internalization of Moral Standards in Young Children
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..is on the early development of conscience, which is seen as an increasingly complex system that encompasses moral emotions, behavioral self-regulation, moral understanding, and the moral self...
  56. Internalization of Moral Standards in Young Children
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..is on the early development of conscience, which is seen as an increasingly complex system that encompasses moral emotions, behavioral self-regulation, moral understanding, and the moral self...
  57. LONG QT SYNDROME:EMOTIONAL TRIGGERS OF CARDIAC EVENTS
    Richard Lane; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Retrospective studies using relatively insensitive measures suggest that emotions trigger events in all LQTS patients, especially in genotype-2 (LQT2) patients...
  58. LONG QT SYNDROME:EMOTIONAL TRIGGERS OF CARDIAC EVENTS
    Richard Lane; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Retrospective studies using relatively insensitive measures suggest that emotions trigger events in all LQTS patients, especially in genotype-2 (LQT2) patients...
  59. LONG QT SYNDROME:EMOTIONAL TRIGGERS OF CARDIAC EVENTS
    Richard Lane; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Retrospective studies using relatively insensitive measures suggest that emotions trigger events in all LQTS patients, especially in genotype-2 (LQT2) patients...
  60. LONG QT SYNDROME:EMOTIONAL TRIGGERS OF CARDIAC EVENTS
    Richard Lane; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Retrospective studies using relatively insensitive measures suggest that emotions trigger events in all LQTS patients, especially in genotype-2 (LQT2) patients...
  61. Wisconsin Center for the Neuroscience and Psychophysiology of Meditation
    Richard Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Another form of meditation-mindfulness meditation-is said to alter an individual's relationship with his/her emotions so that the individual is less identified with them and they are less likely to perseverate...
  62. Timely End-of-Life Communication to Parents of Children with Brain Tumors
    VERNA LEE FERGUSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study may help health care providers learn ways to provide timely information in sensitive ways in order for parents to make decisions regarding starting and/or ending treatments, and advanced care planning. ..
  63. Quantifying Children's Emotions with the Emotion Intensity-Linkage Function Model
    Michael Potegal; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Scientifically, tantrums are a window onto emotions so intense as to be otherwise inaccessible to observation...
  64. Timely End-of-Life Communication to Parents of Children with Brain Tumors
    VERNA FERGUSON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This study may help health care providers learn ways to provide timely information in sensitive ways in order for parents to make decisions regarding starting and/or ending treatments, and advanced care planning. ..
  65. fMRI of Unconscious Affect Processing in Adolescence
    Deborah Yurgelun Todd; Fiscal Year: 2003
    Despite the importance of the perception and processing of emotions to everyday human interaction, there is remarkably little understanding of the neurobiological substrates that influence these processes...
  66. Quantifying Children's Emotions with the Emotion Intensity-Linkage Function Model
    Michael Potegal; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Scientifically, tantrums are a window onto emotions so intense as to be otherwise inaccessible to observation...
  67. fMRI of Unconscious Affect Processing in Adolescence
    WILLIAM KILLGORE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Despite the importance of the perception and processing of emotions to everyday human interaction, there is remarkably little understanding of the neurobiological substrates that influence these processes...
  68. Impulsivity and Information Processing in Adolescent Cannabis Abuse
    Donald Dougherty; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Adolescence is a critical developmental period when young people learn to regulate their emotions and behaviors, and learn skills to cope with increased environmental demands and autonomy...
  69. Impulsivity and Information Processing in Adolescent Cannabis Abuse
    Donald Dougherty; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Adolescence is a critical developmental period when young people learn to regulate their emotions and behaviors, and learn skills to cope with increased environmental demands and autonomy...
  70. Impulsivity and Information Processing in Adolescent Cannabis Abuse
    Donald Dougherty; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Adolescence is a critical developmental period when young people learn to regulate their emotions and behaviors, and learn skills to cope with increased environmental demands and autonomy...
  71. Impulsivity and Information Processing in Adolescent Cannabis Abuse
    Donald Dougherty; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Adolescence is a critical developmental period when young people learn to regulate their emotions and behaviors, and learn skills to cope with increased environmental demands and autonomy...
  72. ORGANIZATION OF PREFRONTAL FEEDBACK CIRCUITS
    Helen Barbas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..that the executive functions of the prefrontal cortex are guided by interaction with structures associated with emotions. The goal of the proposed studies is to investigate the synaptology of pathways that link posterior orbitofrontal ..
  73. SOCIAL CONTEXT OF EMOTION IN BLACK ADOLESCENTS
    SCOTT VRANA; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Although emotions are shaped in part by sociocultural context, little attention has been paid to emotional-development in Black ..
  74. Orexin and the Control of Cataplexy
    THOMAS SCAMMELL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the neural pathways that control cataplexy - episodes of muscle paralysis that are often triggered by positive emotions. The neuropeptide orexin (hypocretin) clearly plays a central role in this system because people, dogs, and mice ..
  75. DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY AS NEURAL CONTROL PROCESSES
    DON TUCKER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Although they may become pathological, for the normal person these emotions may be essential control processes, guiding thought and behavior...
  76. DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY AS NEURAL CONTROL PROCESSES
    DON TUCKER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Although they may become pathological, for the normal person these emotions may be essential control processes, guiding thought and behavior...
  77. Orexin and the Control of Cataplexy
    THOMAS SCAMMELL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the neural pathways that control cataplexy - episodes of muscle paralysis that are often triggered by positive emotions. The neuropeptide orexin (hypocretin) clearly plays a central role in this system because people, dogs, and mice ..
  78. CROSS-CULTURAL PERSONALITY AND EMOTION STRUCTURE
    AUSTIN CHURCH; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..theory, assessment, and interventions by clarifying the structure and socio-cultural determinants of traits and emotions across cultures...
  79. CROSS-CULTURAL PERSONALITY AND EMOTION STRUCTURE
    AUSTIN CHURCH; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..theory, assessment, and interventions by clarifying the structure and socio-cultural determinants of traits and emotions across cultures...
  80. Testing CSRP's impact on low-income children's outcomes in 3rd-5th grade: A 5-yea
    C Cybele Raver; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This proposed plan of research seeks renewal of support for a project initially entitled "Emotions Matter" (renamed the Chicago School Readiness Project, or CSRP)...
  81. Testing CSRP's impact on low-income children's outcomes in 3rd-5th grade: A 5-yea
    C Raver; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This proposed plan of research seeks renewal of support for a project initially entitled "Emotions Matter" (renamed the Chicago School Readiness Project, or CSRP)...
  82. Developing Genetic Education for Smoking Cessation
    Julia Houfek; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..information related to smoking and what effect this information may have on their smoking-related cognitions, emotions, and behaviors...
  83. Developing Genetic Education for Smoking Cessation
    Julia Houfek; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..information related to smoking and what effect this information may have on their smoking-related cognitions, emotions, and behaviors...
  84. RECIDIVISM, DRUG ABUSE, AND HIV RISK BEHAVIORS
    June Tangney; Fiscal Year: 2004
    DESCRIPTION (provided by investigator): This study is designed to evaluate the impact of moral emotions (i.e...
  85. RECIDIVISM, DRUG ABUSE, AND HIV RISK BEHAVIORS
    June Tangney; Fiscal Year: 2002
    DESCRIPTION (provided by investigator): This study is designed to evaluate the impact of moral emotions (i.e...
  86. A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Novel Weight Loss Intervention for Obesity
    Edie Goldbacher; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..eaters, a previously untargeted group of obese individuals without binge eating disorder who respond to negative emotions by eating and, thus, are more vulnerable to difficulties with weight control...
  87. Developmental Pathways to Antisocial Behavior: A Translational Research Program
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Conscience, a complex system encompassing moral emotions, behavioral self-regulation, moral understanding, and the moral self, is perhaps the single most powerful factor ..
  88. Anger Suppression and Expression among Chronic Pain Patients
    John W Burns; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A second line of research suggests the value of expressing or disclosing emotions for people with chronic pain...
  89. Developmental Pathways to Antisocial Behavior: A Translational Research Program
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Conscience, a complex system encompassing moral emotions, behavioral self-regulation, moral understanding, and the moral self, is perhaps the single most powerful factor ..
  90. Jail-Based Treatment to Reduce Substance Abuse, Recidivism and Risky Behavior
    June P Tangney; Fiscal Year: 2011
    This project is designed to (a) evaluate the degree to which moral emotions (i.e., shame, guilt and empathy) and moral cognitions (i.e...
  91. A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Novel Weight Loss Intervention for Obesity
    Edie M Goldbacher; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..eaters, a previously untargeted group of obese individuals without binge eating disorder who respond to negative emotions by eating and, thus, are more vulnerable to difficulties with weight control...