projection

Summary

Summary: A defense mechanism, operating unconsciously, whereby that which is emotionally unacceptable in the self is rejected and attributed (projected) to others.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Social projection of transient drive states
    Leaf Van Boven
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado at Boulder, 80309 0345, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 29:1159-68. 2003
  2. pmc Watching my mind unfold versus yours: an fMRI study using a novel camera technology to examine neural differences in self-projection of self versus other perspectives
    Peggy L St Jacques
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:1275-84. 2011
  3. ncbi Political polarization projection: social projection of partisan attitude extremity and attitudinal processes
    Leaf Van Boven
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 103:84-100. 2012
  4. ncbi Intuition and visual art: student nurses' projection into experiences of elderly women
    Britt Maj Wikström
    University College of Health Sciences, Jonkoping, Sweden
    Aust J Holist Nurs 9:24-31. 2002
  5. ncbi Projection bias in medical decision making
    George Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:96-105. 2005
  6. ncbi Functional projection: how fundamental social motives can bias interpersonal perception
    Jon K Maner
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 88:63-78. 2005
  7. ncbi Geometrical computations explain projection patterns of long-range horizontal connections in visual cortex
    Ohad Ben-Shahar
    Department of Computer Science and the Interdepartmental Neuroscience Program, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, U S A
    Neural Comput 16:445-76. 2004
  8. ncbi Strategies for social inference: a similarity contingency model of projection and stereotyping in attribute prevalence estimates
    Daniel R Ames
    Columbia Business School, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 87:573-85. 2004
  9. ncbi Social projection to ingroups and outgroups: a review and meta-analysis
    Jordan M Robbins
    Department of Psychology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 9:32-47. 2005
  10. ncbi The projection of implicit and explicit goals
    Christie L K Kawada
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 86:545-59. 2004

Research Grants

  1. Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical Illness
    Eva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009
  2. NIH Director's Pioneer Award
    ERICH JARVIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
  3. Vitamin D3, Interference with Androgen Signal and Inhibition of Prostate Cancer
    Bandana Chatterjee; Fiscal Year: 2013
  4. Reactive (AA)Amyloidosis
    Merrill D Benson; Fiscal Year: 2013
  5. Axonopathy in Glaucoma
    Samuel D Crish; Fiscal Year: 2013
  6. Olfactory Circuits for Reproduction and Reward
    James A Cherry; Fiscal Year: 2013
  7. Real-Time Optical Diagnosis of Inflammatory Bowel Disease using SFDI
    Sylvain Gioux; Fiscal Year: 2013
  8. GLUTAMATE TRANSPORTERS IN THE CNS
    MICHAEL BYRNE ROBINSON; Fiscal Year: 2011
  9. Glucocorticoids, Stress and Blood Pressure Regulation
    Deborah A Scheuer; Fiscal Year: 2013
  10. Mapping Orofacial Nociceptive Pathways and Alterations Due to Inflammation
    JOSHUA EMRICK; Fiscal Year: 2013

Detail Information

Publications255 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Social projection of transient drive states
    Leaf Van Boven
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado at Boulder, 80309 0345, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 29:1159-68. 2003
    ..the direction of their current drive states, we hypothesized that mentally trading places would lead to social projection of transient drive states...
  2. pmc Watching my mind unfold versus yours: an fMRI study using a novel camera technology to examine neural differences in self-projection of self versus other perspectives
    Peggy L St Jacques
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:1275-84. 2011
    Self-projection, the capacity to re-experience the personal past and to mentally infer another person's perspective, has been linked to medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC)...
  3. ncbi Political polarization projection: social projection of partisan attitude extremity and attitudinal processes
    Leaf Van Boven
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 103:84-100. 2012
    ..This "polarization projection" was demonstrated in 3 studies in which people estimated the distribution of others' political attitudes: one ..
  4. ncbi Intuition and visual art: student nurses' projection into experiences of elderly women
    Britt Maj Wikström
    University College of Health Sciences, Jonkoping, Sweden
    Aust J Holist Nurs 9:24-31. 2002
    ..It could be concluded that nurse educators concerned with finding new directions to develop intuition skills might consider visual art of considerable value...
  5. ncbi Projection bias in medical decision making
    George Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:96-105. 2005
  6. ncbi Functional projection: how fundamental social motives can bias interpersonal perception
    Jon K Maner
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 88:63-78. 2005
    ..Additionally, participants with chronic self-protective and mate-search goals exhibited similar biases. Findings are consistent with a functionalist, motivation-based account of interpersonal perception...
  7. ncbi Geometrical computations explain projection patterns of long-range horizontal connections in visual cortex
    Ohad Ben-Shahar
    Department of Computer Science and the Interdepartmental Neuroscience Program, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, U S A
    Neural Comput 16:445-76. 2004
    ..findings suggest that collinear or association field models of good continuation dictate particular projection patterns of horizontal connections to guide this integration process, significant evidence of interactions ..
  8. ncbi Strategies for social inference: a similarity contingency model of projection and stereotyping in attribute prevalence estimates
    Daniel R Ames
    Columbia Business School, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 87:573-85. 2004
    ..perceivers infer the widespread attitudes and qualities of social groups revolve around either the self (social projection, false consensus) or stereotypes (stereotyping)...
  9. ncbi Social projection to ingroups and outgroups: a review and meta-analysis
    Jordan M Robbins
    Department of Psychology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 9:32-47. 2005
    Social projection is the tendency to expect similarities between oneself and others...
  10. ncbi The projection of implicit and explicit goals
    Christie L K Kawada
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 86:545-59. 2004
    In 3 studies, the authors analyzed whether projection occurs for both conscious and nonconscious goals...
  11. ncbi Reporting a dream accompanying an enactment in the transference situation
    Heinz Weiss
    Abteilung für Psychosomatische Medizin, Robert Bosch Krankenhaus, Postfach 50 11 20, 70341 Stuttgart, Germany
    Int J Psychoanal 83:633-45. 2002
    ..The possible advantages and disadvantages of both strategies of interpretation are discussed. Finally, the author highlights consequences that arise when dealing with countertransference...
  12. ncbi Jumping from the couch: an essay on phantasy and emotional structure
    Jonathan Lear
    Committee on Social Thought, The University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Int J Psychoanal 83:583-95. 2002
    ..To that end, one moment in the analysis of the Rat Man is re-examined. There is then an attempt to show the difficulties involved in weaving an account of phantasy into the broader-scale interpretation of emotional life...
  13. ncbi The meaning bearing other--a relational view of the child psychotherapeutic process
    Per Einar Binder
    Regional Competence Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, and Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway
    J Am Acad Psychoanal Dyn Psychiatry 33:657-70. 2005
    ..The theoretical points of view are illuminated and illustrated through an excerpt from the first session from a twice-a-week psychotherapy with a 5-year old boy...
  14. ncbi The psychoanalyst as a new old object, an old new object, and a brand new object: reflections on Loewald's ideas about the role of internalization in life and in psychoanalytic treatment
    Martin A Silverman
    New York University Psychoanalytic Institute, USA
    Psychoanal Q 76:1153-69. 2007
  15. ncbi Employing multiple theories and evoking new ideas: the use of clinical material
    Judy L Kantrowitz
    Boston Psychoanalytic Institute, Harvard Medical School, 334 Kent St, Brookline, MA 02446, USA
    Int J Psychoanal 89:355-68. 2008
    ....
  16. ncbi Affect and the therapeutic action of psychoanalysis
    Victor Manoel Andrade
    Av Princesa Isabel 150 s 1201, Copacabana, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 22011 010, Brazil
    Int J Psychoanal 86:677-97. 2005
    ..Interpretation--the method used to the exclusion of all others for a century--is only partial; when used in isolation it does not meet the demands of modern broad-spectrum psychoanalysis, as the clinical material presented illustrates...
  17. ncbi Adolescent psychoanalysis: how we work--clinical models in practice. Two clinical cases with detailed session material
    Anders Zachrisson
    Int J Psychoanal 86:525-9. 2005
  18. ncbi On: what can we learn from psychoanalysis and prospective studies about chemically dependent patients?
    Manuela Fleming
    Int J Psychoanal 86:549-50; author reply 550-1. 2005
  19. ncbi Artist and model: psychoanalytic perspectives
    J David Miller
    Int J Psychoanal 86:539-41. 2005
  20. ncbi 'Projective transidentification': an extension of the concept of projective identification
    James S Grotstein
    Int J Psychoanal 86:1051-69. 2005
    ....
  21. ncbi The obstructive object
    Jeffrey L Eaton
    Seattle, WA 98103, USA
    Psychoanal Rev 92:355-72. 2005
  22. ncbi Identification and the development of competence: a 44-year longitudinal study from late adolescence to late middle age
    Phebe Cramer
    Department of Psychology, Williams College, Williamstown, MA 01267, USA
    Psychol Aging 23:410-21. 2008
    ..The use of the defense mechanisms of denial, projection, and identification was assessed in late adolescence, based on Thematic Apperception Test (H. A...
  23. ncbi Myopic social prediction and the solo comparison effect
    Don A Moore
    Graduate School of Industrial Administration, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 85:1121-35. 2003
    ..The discussion relates the results to other literatures including overly optimistic self-evaluation, false consensus, overconfidence, and social comparison...
  24. ncbi Countertransference in the therapy of suicidal patients - an important part of integrative treatment
    Darko Marcinko
    Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
    Psychiatr Danub 20:402-5. 2008
    ..In this paper we have illustrated important factors for understanding psychiatrist's countertransference reactions when working with suicidal patients...
  25. ncbi On: projective identification and consciousness alteration
    Mauro Mancia
    Int J Psychoanal 86:553-4; author reply 554-5. 2005
  26. ncbi Evidence that projection of a feared trait can serve a defensive function
    Jeff Schimel
    Department of Psychology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 29:969-79. 2003
    ..Discussion focused on the relationship between classic projection and other forms of psychological defense.
  27. doi Naming the nonexistent: melancholia as mourning over a possible object
    Dana Amir
    Psychoanalytic Institute in Jerusalem
    Psychoanal Rev 95:1-15. 2008
  28. ncbi Defense mechanisms and psychological adjustment in childhood
    Marlene J Sandstrom
    Department of Psychology, Williams College, Bronfman Science Center, Williamstown, MA 01267, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 191:487-95. 2003
    ..Significantly, there was no relationship between children's use of denial and their level of perceived competence or between children's use of identification and their degree of maladjustment...
  29. ncbi Interpersonal orientation and the accuracy of personality judgments
    Dawne S Vogt
    Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Pers 71:267-95. 2003
    ..Finally, preliminary findings suggested that interpersonally oriented individuals may sometimes draw on information about themselves and about stereotypical others to facilitate accurate judgments of others...
  30. ncbi Projection, introjection, and projective identification: a reformulation
    Joseph M Malancharuvil
    Academy of Clinical Psychology, Patton State Hospital, 3102 E Highland Avenue, Patton, CA 92369, USA
    Am J Psychoanal 64:375-82. 2004
    In this essay, the author recommends a reformulation of the psychoanalytic concept of projection. The author proposes that projective processes are not merely defensive maneuvers that interfere with perception, but rather an essential ..
  31. ncbi [On the psychodynamics of an adolescent bulimia patient]
    Annegret Wittenberger
    Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr 54:337-53. 2005
    ..R. Bion. The theory of S. Freud is based upon the portrayal of bulimic symptoms as the expression of an intrapsychic conflict. The two models complement each other, leading to a more profound understanding of eating disorders...
  32. ncbi First interview and one session with 'ANA'
    Elias M da Rocha Barros
    Rua Tupi 579 apto 161, 01233001 São Paulo, Brazil
    Int J Psychoanal 83:569-74. 2002
  33. ncbi Racism: processes of detachment, dehumanization, and hatred
    Farhad Dalal
    South Devon Psychotherapy and Counselling Service, Totnes, United Kingdom
    Psychoanal Q 75:131-61. 2006
    ..looks at definitions of racism from the viewpoints of various theoretical frameworks, addressing the role of projection and other phenomena...
  34. ncbi Perceptions of self and other in the prisoner's dilemma: outcome bias and evidential reasoning
    Joachim I Krueger
    Brown University, Department of Psychology, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Am J Psychol 120:593-618. 2007
    ..Compared with classic game theory, a theory of reputational concerns and evidential reasoning is better equipped to explain empirical patterns of choice behavior in social dilemmas...
  35. ncbi The analyst's emotional surrender
    Zelda G Knight
    Department of Psychology, Rhodes University, Grahamstown 6140, South Africa
    Psychoanal Rev 94:277-89. 2007
  36. ncbi Psychoanalytic research using longitudinal studies: an inquiry on the developmental impact of early maternal projections
    Filipa de Castro
    Yale University Child Study Center, USA
    J Am Psychoanal Assoc 55:243-53. 2007
  37. ncbi Projection of responsiveness to needs and the construction of satisfying communal relationships
    Edward P Lemay
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 92:834-53. 2007
    This research tested a social projection model of perceived partner responsiveness to needs...
  38. ncbi The theory of thinking and the capacity to mentalize: a comparison of Fonagy's and Bion's models
    Carla Mantilla Lagos
    Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru
    Span J Psychol 10:189-98. 2007
    ....
  39. ncbi Unresolved attachment among immigrants: an analysis using the adult attachment projective
    Yolanda van Ecke
    University of Amsterdam
    J Genet Psychol 167:433-42. 2006
    ..Resolution of danger in story responses to AAP images shows that the immigrant group is most troubled by images of departure and isolation, but nonimmigrants are most disturbed by images of illness...
  40. ncbi Recognizing the infant as subject in infant-parent psychotherapy
    Frances Thomson Salo
    PO Box 2226, Caulfield Junction, Melbourne, VIC 3161, Australia
    Int J Psychoanal 88:961-79. 2007
    ..Change may therefore be longer lasting than psychoanalytic theory presently conceives. The approach is relevant in an outpatient setting: gains were maintained long term in 90% of out-patient cases...
  41. ncbi Object loss, renewed mourning, and psychic change in Jane Austen's Persuasion
    Margaret Ann Fitzpatrick Hanly
    Int J Psychoanal 88:1001-17. 2007
    ....
  42. ncbi [Mental and somatic elements of sense of identity obese girls and boys]
    Joanna Radoszewska
    Katedra Psychologii Klinicznej Dziecka i Rodziny, Wydział Psychologii Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego
    Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab 13:151-4. 2007
    ..Girls and boys realize fundamental, developmental tasks concerning definition of sense of self identity as well as conclusion of separation--individuation process...
  43. ncbi [Perception manner of mother of obese persons in adolescence]
    Joanna Radoszewska
    Katedra Psychologii Klinicznej Dziecka i Rodziny, Wydział Psychologii Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego
    Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab 13:155-8. 2007
    ..The aim of this article is a trial of an answer what is a mental representation of mother experienced by obese girls and boys in adolescence...
  44. ncbi Semiotic transformations in psychoanalysis with infants and adults
    Björn Salomonsson
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Woman and Child Health, Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Unit, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    Int J Psychoanal 88:1201-21. 2007
    ..This idea will be linked with a conceptualization of the mother-infant relation in semiotic terms...
  45. ncbi On: projective identification
    James S Grotstein
    Int J Psychoanal 88:1289; author reply 1290-1. 2007
  46. ncbi [Psychotherapy research--implications for psychiatric treatment]
    Henriette Löffler-Stastka
    Department of Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Vienna, Wahringer Gurtel 18 20, A 1090 Wien, Austria
    Psychiatr Danub 19:317-26. 2007
    ..Acknowledgement and recognition of externalizing and projective mechanisms should be trained in the psychiatric routine treatment in order to establish a stable working alliance with psychiatric patients...
  47. ncbi What makes a hero? The impact of integrity on admiration and interpersonal judgment
    Barry R Schlenker
    Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    J Pers 76:323-55. 2008
    ....
  48. ncbi The dialectic between self-determination and intersubjectivity in creating the experience of self
    Mitchel Becker
    Psychoanal Study Child 61:155-69. 2006
    ..The manner in which the adolescent negotiates the dialectic tension between these two modes of delineation is seen as an essential process in the development of a dynamic, vital, and integrated self...
  49. ncbi How the head liberates the heart: projection of communal responsiveness guides relationship promotion
    Edward P Lemay
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 94:647-71. 2008
    ..Results suggest that those who care for partners often project that care and that this projection guides their relationship promotion.
  50. ncbi Dysregulation and containment in the psychoanalytic psychotherapy of a poorly controlled diabetic patient
    Maria Ginieri-Coccossis
    Eginition Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Medical School, University of Athens, Greece
    J Am Acad Psychoanal Dyn Psychiatry 36:33-47. 2008
    ..Improvement of the patient was identified in her relationships with the psychotherapist, significant others, and the medical health providers, as well as in the overall management of her diabetic treatment...
  51. ncbi On: 'Projective transidentification'
    Richard P Alexander
    Int J Psychoanal 87:267-8; author reply 268-9. 2006
  52. ncbi Stereotypes focus defensive projection
    Olesya Govorun
    The Ohio State University, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:781-93. 2006
    Defensive projection is the process of perceiving one's undesirable qualities in others. The present research shows how stereotypes guide and justify the projection of specific traits onto specific group members...
  53. ncbi [Sense of self-contact experienced by an obese child]
    Joanna Radoszewska
    Katedra Psychologii Klinicznej Dziecka i Rodziny, Wydział Psychologii Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego
    Endokrynol Diabetol Chor Przemiany Materii Wieku Rozw 12:135-9. 2006
    ..Sense of self-contact is an element of a sense of identity. The sense of identity involves the contents of mental self-experiencing, sense of differentiation and sense of continuity...
  54. ncbi Synchronicity and the capacity to think: a clinical exploration
    Annie Reiner
    J Anal Psychol 51:553-73. 2006
    ....
  55. ncbi Vicissitudes in adult life resulting from traumatic experiences in adolescence
    Jorge Luis Maldonado
    Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Int J Psychoanal 87:1239-57. 2006
    ..The author discusses disturbances in symbolization, and he examines the subject of projective identifications that were received by patients from their primary objects...
  56. ncbi Two readings of Arlow's "Unconscious fantasy and disturbances of conscious experience": one old and one "green"
    Donald B Moss
    New York University Psychoanalytic Institute, NY, USA
    Psychoanal Q 77:61-76. 2008
  57. ncbi A variant of joking in dreams
    Sander M Abend
    New York Psychoanalytic Institute, USA
    Psychoanal Q 76:1361-6. 2007
  58. ncbi On knowing oneself directly and through others
    Lucy La Farge
    Columbia University Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, USA
    Psychoanal Q 77:167-97. 2008
    ..Detailed clinical material from the analysis of a woman who came to analysis feeling shadowy and insubstantial illustrates the value of attention to both storylines and to the changing relationship between them...
  59. ncbi Ubiquitous daydreams and unconscious fantasy: a reassessment of Arlow's "Unconscious fantasy and disturbances of conscious experience"
    Theodore Shapiro
    Weill Cornell Medical College, New York University Psychoanalytic Institute, NY, USA
    Psychoanal Q 77:47-59. 2008
  60. ncbi Radiology of adolescent slipped capital femoral epiphysis: measurement of epiphyseal angles and diagnosis
    Jörg Gekeler
    Orthopädische Abteilung, Städtisches Krankenhaus Sindelfingen, Sindelfingen
    Oper Orthop Traumatol 19:329-44. 2007
    ..Measurement of the projected epiphyseal angle on the radiograph as the basis for possible conversion into anatomically correct angles at the proximal femur. Preoperative planning of therapeutic surgical procedures...
  61. ncbi The neuropeptide tyrosine Y1R is expressed in interneurons and projection neurons in the dorsal horn and area X of the rat spinal cord
    P Brumovsky
    Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Retzius vag 8, B2 5, S 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Neuroscience 138:1361-76. 2006
    ..Y1 receptor-positive neurons in laminae I-II, producing a profuse neuropil; Type 2) Y1 receptor-positive projection neurons in lamina I; Type 3) small Y1 receptor-positive neurons in lamina III, similar to Type 1 neurons, but ..
  62. ncbi The cell surface glycoprotein layer of the extreme halophile Halobacterium salinarum and its relation to Haloferax volcanii: cryo-electron tomography of freeze-substituted cells and projection studies of negatively stained envelopes
    S Trachtenberg
    Department of Membrane and Ultrastructure Research, The Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, 91120, Israel
    J Struct Biol 130:10-26. 2000
    ..From the negatively stained isolated envelopes we have calculated a two-dimensional, projection map that is strikingly similar to that of Haloferax volcanii, an extreme halophile requiring high concentrations ..
  63. ncbi Towards the classification of subpopulations of layer V pyramidal projection neurons
    Zoltan Molnar
    Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, Le Gros Clark Building, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QX, UK
    Neurosci Res 55:105-15. 2006
    ..Olavarria, J.F., Englund, C., 2003. Beyond laminar fate: toward a molecular classification of cortical projection/pyramidal neurons. Dev. Neurosci. 25 (2-4), 139-151; Yoneshima, H., Yamasaki, S., Voelker, C., Molnár, Z...
  64. ncbi Axonal connections of the medial magnocellular nucleus of the anterior neostriatum in zebra finches
    E F Foster
    Department of Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90089 2520, USA
    J Comp Neurol 382:364-81. 1997
    ..We confirmed the existence of an efferent projection from mMAN to HVC and discovered a novel projection to the region medial to caudal HVC called paraHVC (pHVC)...
  65. ncbi Climate change and heat-related mortality in six cities Part 2: climate model evaluation and projected impacts from changes in the mean and variability of temperature with climate change
    Simon N Gosling
    Department of Geography, King s College London, London, UK
    Int J Biometeorol 53:31-51. 2009
    ..of the impacts of climate change on heat-related mortality use the "delta method" to create temperature projection time series that are applied to temperature-mortality models to estimate future mortality impacts...
  66. pmc Block matching 3D random noise filtering for absorption optical projection tomography
    P Fumene Feruglio
    Center for Systems Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 185 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Phys Med Biol 55:5401-15. 2010
    Absorption and emission optical projection tomography (OPT), alternatively referred to as optical computed tomography (optical-CT) and optical-emission computed tomography (optical-ECT), are recently developed three-dimensional imaging ..
  67. ncbi Thalamocortical and the dual pattern of corticothalamic projections of the posterior parietal cortex in macaque monkeys
    C Cappe
    Unit of Physiology and Program in Neurosciences, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Sciences, University of Fribourg, Rue du Musee 5, CH 1700 Fribourg, and Department of Functional Neurosurgery, Neurosurgery Clinic, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuroscience 146:1371-87. 2007
    The corticothalamic projection includes a main, modulatory projection from cortical layer VI terminating with small endings whereas a less numerous, driving projection from layer V forms giant endings...
  68. ncbi Radiology of the sacroiliac joint
    N A Ebraheim
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 22:869-76. 1997
    ..SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Interpretation of the sacroiliac joint projection on plain radiography is difficult...
  69. ncbi Comparison of maximum intensity projection and digitally reconstructed radiographic projection for carotid artery stenosis measurement
    Derek E Hyde
    Robarts Research Institute, Imaging Research Laboratories, 100 Perth Drive, PO Box 5015, London, Ontario N6A 5K8, Canada
    Med Phys 34:2968-74. 2007
    ..imaging techniques in many clinical applications, leading to extensive use of maximum intensity projection (MIP) images to depict volumetric vascular data...
  70. ncbi The gastric emptying study: protocol design considerations
    William C Klingensmith
    Department of Radiology, Porter Hospital, Denver, Colorado, USA
    J Nucl Med Technol 36:195-9. 2008
    ..In addition, this study evaluated the degree of overlap between the stomach and the colon or jejunum in the anterior (AP) and left anterior oblique (LAO) projections in CT studies of the abdomen...
  71. ncbi The accuracy of gestation-adjusted projection method in estimating birth weight by sonographic fetal measurements in the third trimester
    Sukit Sritippayawan
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Charoenkrung Pracharuk Hospital, Bangkok 10120, Thailand
    J Med Assoc Thai 90:1058-67. 2007
    1. To assess the accuracy of the gestation-adjusted projection method in estimating birth weight in Thai pregnant women. 2...
  72. ncbi Redistribution of CB1 cannabinoid receptors during evolution of cholinergic basal forebrain territories and their cortical projection areas: a comparison between the gray mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus, primates) and rat
    T Harkany
    Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Scheeles väg 1 A1, Karolinska Institutet, S 17177 Stockholm, Sweden
    Neuroscience 135:595-609. 2005
    ..forebrain, CB1 cannabinoid receptor-like immunoreactivity is only harbored by a subpopulation of cholinergic projection neurons...
  73. ncbi Effect of ranibizumab on high-speed indocyanine green angiography and minimum intensity projection optical coherence tomography findings in neovascular age-related macular degeneration
    Benjamin P Nicholson
    Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland Advanced Development, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, California and Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
    Retina 35:58-68. 2015
    ....
  74. ncbi GABAergic projection from the ventral tegmental area and substantia nigra to the periaqueductal gray region and the dorsal raphe nucleus
    Gilbert J Kirouac
    Division of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland and Labrador, A1B 3V6, Canada
    J Comp Neurol 469:170-84. 2004
    ..that stimulation of neurons in the VTA/SN elicits cardiovascular depressor responses that are mediated by a projection to the PAGvl/DR...
  75. ncbi Comparative aspects of the olfactory portion of the entorhinal cortex and its projection to the hippocampus in rodents, nonhuman primates, and the human brain
    R Insausti
    Laboratory of Human Neuroanatomy, Department of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Castilla La Mancha, Albacete, Spain
    Brain Res Bull 57:557-60. 2002
    The entorhinal cortex is a component of the hippocampal formation characterized by its projection to the dentate gyrus. Cortical input is relayed to the hippocampus through the entorhinal cortex...
  76. ncbi Back-projection estimates of the number of dependent heroin users in Australia
    M G Law
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, The University of New South Wales, 376 Victoria Street, Darlinghurst, NSW 2010, Australia
    Addiction 96:433-43. 2001
    ....
  77. ncbi Internal carotid artery stenosis measurements from 3D reconstructed multi-directional views using phantom data set on MRA image sequence
    Do Yeon Kim
    Division of Information and Communication Engineering, Sunchon National University, 315 Maegok Dong, Sunchon, Jeonnam 540 742, Republic of Korea
    Eur J Radiol 72:65-74. 2009
    To evaluate the inter-observer variability of stenosis measurements by using multi-directional 3D reconstructed projection view of internal carotid artery (ICA) that simulate the pre-determined stenosis degree on magnetic resonance ..
  78. ncbi Registration of three-dimensional left atrial computed tomographic images with projection images obtained using fluoroscopy
    Jasbir Sra
    Electrophysiology Laboratories, St Luke s and Aurora Sinai Medical Centers, University of Wisconsin Medical School Milwaukee Clinical Campus, Milwaukee, WI, USA
    Circulation 112:3763-8. 2005
    ..of an anatomic structure via a 3D model obtained from computed tomography (CT) imaging and subsequent projection of these images over the fluoroscopy system may help in navigation of the mapping and ablation catheter to the ..
  79. pmc Iliac crest angle: a novel sonographic parameter for the prediction of Down syndrome risk during the second trimester of pregnancy
    W Lee
    Division of Fetal Imaging, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI 48073 6769, USA
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 35:163-71. 2010
    ....
  80. ncbi The entorhinal cortex of the mouse: organization of the projection to the hippocampal formation
    Thomas van Groen
    Department of Neuroscience and Neurology, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland
    Hippocampus 13:133-49. 2003
    ..This projection is mostly to the ispsilateral dentate gyrus; only a few labeled axons and terminals are found in the ..
  81. ncbi Efficacy of nasal irrigation in the treatment of acute sinusitis in children
    Yun Hu Wang
    Division of Allergy, Department of Pediatrics, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 73:1696-701. 2009
    ..Nasal irrigation has been used as an adjunctive therapy of sinonasal disease including acute/chronic sinusitis and allergic rhinitis. Several published articles reported it also improves clinical sinus symptoms...
  82. ncbi Oxytocin innervation of caudal brainstem nuclei activated by cholecystokinin
    James E Blevins
    Division of Endocrinology Metabolism, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA 98108, USA
    Brain Res 993:30-41. 2003
    ..One such projection extends from cell bodies in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) to the nucleus tractus solitarius (..
  83. ncbi Properties and axonal trajectories of posterior semicircular canal nerve-activated vestibulospinal neurons
    Keisuke Kushiro
    Department of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Yoshida nihonmatsu cho, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
    Exp Brain Res 191:257-64. 2008
    ..The axonal projection level, axonal pathway, and location of the vestibulospinal neurons originating from the PC were investigated in ..
  84. ncbi A virtual sinogram method to reduce dental metallic implant artefacts in computed tomography-based attenuation correction for PET
    Mehrsima Abdoli
    Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Nucl Med Commun 31:22-31. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study is to develop a simple yet practical approach for reduction of metallic dental implant artefacts in the generated mumaps...
  85. ncbi Spatial symmetries in vestibular projections to the uvula-nodulus
    Isaac Z Foster
    Wheaton College, Norton, MA, USA
    Biol Cybern 96:439-53. 2007
    ..higher level of analysis, the discharge of each secondary vestibular neuron participates in a multifiber projection or pathway from primary afferents via the secondary neurons to another neuronal population...
  86. ncbi Rotations in a vertebrate setting: evaluation of the symmetry group of the disynaptic canal-neck projection
    Gin McCollum
    Neuro Otology Research, Legacy Clinical Research and Technology Center, 1225 NE 2nd Ave, Portland OR 97232, USA
    Biol Cybern 90:203-17. 2004
    ..one particular data set from the literature that specifies the organization of the disynaptic canal-neck projection; other projections and neuronal populations may have other intrinsic organizations...
  87. ncbi Recurrent axon collaterals of corticothalamic projection neurons in rat primary somatosensory cortex contribute to excitatory and inhibitory feedback-loops
    J F Staiger
    Institute for Experimental Medicine, Hungarian Academy of Science, Budapest, Hungary
    Anat Embryol (Berl) 194:533-43. 1996
    ..Corticothalamic projection neurons were retrogradely labeled by applying Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin (PHA-L) into the ventro-..
  88. ncbi Organization of the entorhinal projection to the rat dentate gyrus revealed by Dil anterograde labeling
    N Tamamaki
    Department of Anatomy, Fukui Medical School, Matsuoka, Japan
    Exp Brain Res 116:250-8. 1997
    ..To investigate the way that associative memory is elaborated in the circuit, the entorhino-dentate projection was studied with the fluorescent lipophilic tracer Dil...
  89. ncbi Projection patterns of single mossy fiber axons originating from the dorsal column nuclei mapped on the aldolase C compartments in the rat cerebellar cortex
    Pham Nguyen Quy
    Department of Systems Neurophysiology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate School, Tokyo, Japan
    J Comp Neurol 519:874-99. 2011
    ..the most abundant cerebellar afferents and are deeply involved in cerebellar function, the organization of their projection has remained obscure, particularly in relation to cerebellar compartmentalization...
  90. ncbi Responses of cockroach antennal lobe projection neurons to pulsatile olfactory stimuli
    W C Lemon
    Division of Insect Biology, University of California, Berkeley 94720, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 855:517-20. 1998
    ..In the present study, temporal response characteristics were measured in antennal lobe projection neurons of female American cockroaches, Periplaneta americana in response to series of short odor pulses (2...
  91. ncbi Synaptic organization of the mushroom body calyx in Drosophila melanogaster
    Kouji Yasuyama
    Neuroscience Institute, Life Sciences Centre, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1
    J Comp Neurol 445:211-26. 2002
    ..neuropil of the mushroom body in adult Drosophila melanogaster contains three major neuronal elements: extrinsic projection neurons, presumed cholinergic, immunoreactive to choline acetyltransferase (ChAT-ir) and vesicular acetylcholine ..
  92. ncbi Characterization of a parallel-beam CCD optical-CT apparatus for 3D radiation dosimetry
    Nikola Krstajic
    Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, UK
    Phys Med Biol 52:3693-713. 2007
    ..attenuation is of interest in a variety of fields of biomedical importance, including spectrophotometry, optical projection tomography (OPT) and analysis of 3D radiation dosimeters...
  93. ncbi An innovative three-dimensional approach to defining the anatomical changes occurring after short scar-medial pedicle reduction mammaplasty
    Oren M Tepper
    Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, New York University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 121:1875-85. 2008
    ..The following study investigates the use of three-dimensional imaging to assess changes in breast surface anatomy, volume, tissue distribution, and projection following medial pedicle reduction mammaplasty.
  94. ncbi Supratip deformity: a closer look
    B Guyuron
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 105:1140-51; discussion 1152-3. 2000
    ..In primary patients, the deformity was the result of inadequate tip projection (pseudodeformity), an overprojected caudal dorsum, a combination of both, or cephalically oriented lower lateral ..
  95. ncbi Postnatal development of entorhinodentate projection of the Reeler mutant mouse
    Daisuke Muraoka
    Division of Anatomy and Developmental Neurobiology, Department of Neuroscience, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan
    Dev Neurosci 29:59-72. 2007
    ..of adult wildtype and reeler mice to clarify whether the course and terminal endings of the reeler entorhinal projection are normal or not...
  96. ncbi Thalamic territories innervated by cerebellar nuclear afferents in the hedgehog tenrec, Echinops telfairi
    H Künzle
    Institute of Anatomy, University of Munich, Germany
    J Comp Neurol 402:313-26. 1998
    ..The most remarkable finding may be the tenrec's cerebellar projection to the nucleus ventralis medialis...
  97. pmc Efferent projections of thyrotropin-releasing hormone-synthesizing neurons residing in the anterior parvocellular subdivision of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus
    Gabor Wittmann
    Department of Endocrine Neurobiology, Institute of Experimental Medicine, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary 1083
    J Comp Neurol 515:313-30. 2009
    ..To determine how these TRH neurons are integrated within the brain, the major projection fields of this cell group were studied by anterograde and retrograde tract-tracing methods...
  98. ncbi DMLC IMRT delivery to targets moving in 2D in Beam's eye view
    Dharanipathy Rangaraj
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Med Phys 35:3765-78. 2008
    ..The generic, two-dimensional (2D) motion of the projection of the rigid target on BEV plane can be divided into two components...
  99. ncbi Branched oxytocinergic innervations from the paraventricular hypothalamic nuclei to superficial layers in the spinal cord
    Miguel Condés-Lara
    Departamento de Neurobiología del Desarrollo y Neurofisiología, Instituto de Neurobiologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Campus UNAM Juriquilla, Mexico
    Brain Res 1160:20-9. 2007
    ..The PVN is a primary source of oxytocin (OT) in the central nervous system. In fact, a direct PVN projection to the spinal cord has been demonstrated by retrograde and anterograde tracers, and more than the 50% of this ..
  100. ncbi Timing and origin of the first cortical axons to project through the corpus callosum and the subsequent emergence of callosal projection cells in mouse
    H S Ozaki
    Division of Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Japan
    J Comp Neurol 400:197-206. 1998
    ..the first cortical axons to project through the corpus callosum (CC) and of the subsequent emergence of callosal projection cells is essential for understanding the early ontogeny of this commissure...
  101. ncbi Abnormal cortex-muscle interactions in subjects with X-linked Kallmann's syndrome and mirror movements
    S F Farmer
    National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Department of Physiology, University College London, UK
    Brain 127:385-97. 2004
    ..The size of the abnormal ipsilateral projection is variable...

Research Grants72

  1. Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical Illness
    Eva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. NIH Director's Pioneer Award
    ERICH JARVIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Repairing the pathway in vocal learners, when damaged, would have profound impact for correcting neurological disorders of speech. ..
  3. Vitamin D3, Interference with Androgen Signal and Inhibition of Prostate Cancer
    Bandana Chatterjee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The VA demography is steadily shifting to a late-life population, with a projection that by the year 2020 about 46% of the veteran population will reach age 65 or more...
  4. Reactive (AA)Amyloidosis
    Merrill D Benson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..treatment with agents to decrease inflammation have been the mainstay for treating the primary disease with the projection that reduction in SAA blood levels will curtail the formation of AA amyloid deposition...
  5. Axonopathy in Glaucoma
    Samuel D Crish; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and 2) axonal degeneration - immunofluorescence in the SC and optic nerve of the retinal ganglion cell (RGC) projection marker estrogen-related receptor beta (ERR[unreadable]) and the RGC terminal marker vesicular glutamate ..
  6. Olfactory Circuits for Reproduction and Reward
    James A Cherry; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Using mice, we have identified a direct projection of the main olfactory bulb (MOB) to the medial amygdala (Me), which projects to areas in the hypothalamus that ..
  7. Real-Time Optical Diagnosis of Inflammatory Bowel Disease using SFDI
    Sylvain Gioux; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..necessary for extracting chromophore concentration from simplified patterns of light, 2) designing a colonoscope projection and acquisition system optimized for simultaneous color video imaging (i.e...
  8. GLUTAMATE TRANSPORTERS IN THE CNS
    MICHAEL BYRNE ROBINSON; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Lesions of projection neurons in vivo results in decreased GLT-1/EAAT2 expression in target areas...
  9. Glucocorticoids, Stress and Blood Pressure Regulation
    Deborah A Scheuer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to test the hypothesis that that GR and MR are expressed in discrete sub-populations of NTS catecholaminergic projection neurons that express unique phenotypic markers that differ between BHR and Wistar-Kyoto rats...
  10. Mapping Orofacial Nociceptive Pathways and Alterations Due to Inflammation
    JOSHUA EMRICK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2009). The peripheral and central projection patterns of nociceptor fibers have been studied using retrograde labeling and immunohistochemistry (Gibbs, ..
  11. Genetic Control of Axial Patterning in Drosophila Eye
    Amit Singh; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These studies will shed light on the role of early developmental events that may affect the retinal axon projection to the brain...
  12. In vivo targeted gene silencing, a novel method
    WILLIAM ANTHONY TRUITT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..interneurons receive cortical inputs related to social recognition and suppress anxiety-like outputs of BLA projection neurons...
  13. CT EIP Capacities ACA Grant
    TRACEY L WEEKS; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..5 FTE Research Associate at the Yale EIP to carry out the activities of the Influenza Burden Projection Project...
  14. OPTICAL BIOPSY USING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY
    James G Fujimoto; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..3D-OCT will enable new visualization techniques such as generation of arbitrary cross-sectional images, projection views similar to microscopy, improved quantitative measurements of morphology and virtual manipulation of tissue ..
  15. Novel Risk Factors for Vertebral Fractures in Health and Chronic Kidney Disease
    Julie Paik; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..content using novel, innovative MR imaging techniques, solid-state (31P) and water- and fat-suppressed proton projection (1H WASPI) MRI in the wrists of patients with CKD and controls (Aim 3)...
  16. Regulation of 22q11 Genes in Embroyonic and Adult Forebrain
    Anthony S LaMantia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..3.) We will determine whether cortical projection neuron synapse formation and process growth is compromised by diminished 22q11 gene dosage...
  17. Physiology and structure of prefrontal projections to memory and motor circuits
    Maria Medalla; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The overall hypothesis of this project is tht ACC projection neurons to EC and to PMC possess distinct intrinsic, synaptic, and cholinergic neuromodulatory properties that ..
  18. A Developmental Craniofacial Atlas for the Zebrafish
    Charles B Kimmel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..especially for the later developmental stages, medium-resolution images at lower magnification made by optical projection tomography (OPT)...
  19. Integrated MRI-Based Examination for Evaluation of Peripheral Arterial Disease
    Felix W Wehrli; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..as an endogenous label in the femoral artery and vein during reactive hyperemia, (2) a high- speed, ungated, projection-based technique for measuring time-resolved arterial blood flow, (3) a method for deriving aortic pulse-wave ..
  20. MOLECULAR NEUROBIOLOGY OF DRUG ADDICTION
    Eric J Nestler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..mesolimbic dopamine reward circuit, comprised of dopamine neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and their projection regions, in particular, the nucleus accumbens (NAc)...
  21. DETERMINATION OF NEURONAL FATES IN VISUAL CORTEX
    Susan K McConnell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..issues: (1) Satb2 is a DNA-binding protein that regulates chromatin organization and is expressed in callosal projection neurons...
  22. CONNECTIONS OF THE LIMBIC SYSTEM AND HYPOTHALAMUS
    Larry W Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..nervous system, and a surrounding compartmentalized region divided into some two dozen parts with very specific projection patterns to specific functional systems...
  23. Axon Guidance in the Olfactory System
    DIEGO JAVIER RODRIGUEZ-GIL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Similarly, the molecules involved in establishing the synapses between the OSNs and the projection neurons in the OB are not well understood...
  24. EFFECT OF ETHANOL ON CELL PROLIFERATION
    Michael W Miller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Cerebral cortex is composed of two types of neurons: excitatory projection neurons (PNs) and inhibitory local circuit neurons (LCNs)...
  25. Control of Nociception in the Spinal Cord
    Sukhbir S Mokha; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..neuroanatomical techniques to determine whether estrogen receptors co-localize with KOR and ORL1 receptors in projection neurons and/or in interneurons in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord...
  26. ANATOMY AND PHARMACOLOGY OF FEAR-POTENTIATED STARTLE
    MICHAEL NMN DAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Progress over the last 10 years has focused on the amygdala and its direct projection to a critical part of the acoustic startle pathway...
  27. Developing Radiological Risk Communication Materials for Low-Literacy Populations
    SARAH B BASS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This research will provide an opportunity to develop a more accurate projection of how the public, especially those with low literacy, might react to a radiological terror event or other high-..
  28. Role of Dopamine Transporter: HIV-1 Tat Protein and Nicotine Sensitization
    Jun Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The DA projection from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) to the nucleus accumbens (NAc) plays a critical role in NIC-mediated ..
  29. GABA channels and dopamine in striatum
    Stefano Vicini; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..GABAa receptors have unique properties and are unequally distributed between the two major subtypes of striatal projection neurons...
  30. Molecular mechanisms of central chemoreception in breathing
    Marco Martina; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by comparing their content of the relevant pH sensitive ion channels, cell morphology including axonal projection, and related neurochemical markers...
  31. Trigeminal Mechanisms of Oral Irritation
    Earl Carstens; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Additional goals are to test if "chemo- selective" Vc neurons exist, and if interneurons and ascending projection neurons in Vc have similar or different properties. Specific Aim 3...
  32. Morphogenesis and function of the cerebral cortex
    Flora M Vaccarino; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of the FGF family establish the primary structure of the cerebral cortex by controlling the genesis of cortical projection neurons from SVZ precursors...
  33. EFFECT OF ETHANOL ON CELL PROLIFERATION
    Frank A Middleton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Cerebral cortex is composed of two types of neurons: excitatory projection neurons (PNs) and inhibitory local circuit neurons (LCNs)...
  34. Development of high-throughput, commercially viable, Cell-CT instrument with init
    Thomas Neumann; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..As the tube rotates, the Cell-CT creates hundreds of microscopic pseudo-projection images (with extended depth of focus) around 3600 rotation of each cell...
  35. Presynaptic GABA-A receptor activation in auditory brainstem axon terminals
    CATHERINE JEANNE CHALENSKI WEISZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Inputs from the ipsilateral ear are via the cochlear nucleus, which gives rise to an excitatory, glutamatergic projection to the LSO...
  36. Roles of Gsh1 &Gsh2 in Telencephalic Neurogenesis
    KENNETH J CAMPBELL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..will examine the role of two homeobox genes, Gsh1 and Gsh2 and their role in the neurogenesis of striatal projection neurons and olfactory bulb interneurons...
  37. Kainate receptor signaling in striatal synaptic function and plasticity
    John Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..striatal activity, anima studies have indicated that the synapses formed by cortical neurons onto striatal spiny projection neurons (SPNs) are crucial in regulating habit formation...
  38. Synaptic Aromatase: a Novel Form of Estrogen Delivery
    Colin J Saldanha; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..using electron-microscopy, I will test which parts of the brain contribute to local E levels by identifying the projection neurons that contain synaptic aromatase...
  39. MIDBRAIN CIRCUITRY FOR NEURONAL CONTROL OF GAZE
    Paul J May; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The pattern of connections will provide insight into whether the cMRF perioculomotor projection is concerned with vergence or conjugate gaze, or has even wider functions...
  40. Mitochondrial Fission in Huntington's Disease
    ELLA R BOSSY-WETZEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..People with HD experience chorea, dementia, and psychiatric disturbances. In HD, long projection neurons of the cortex and striatum degenerate by an unknown mechanism...
  41. The role of GABAB signaling during axon guidance in the developing zebrafish
    ALEMJI TAKU; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The role of GABAB receptors in axon guidance will be explored in vivo using the zebrafish retinal projection as a model and in vitro using primary neuronal cultures derived from embryonic chick retinal ganglion cells (..
  42. Circle of Willis variability and migraine
    BRETT LEE CUCCHIARA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Collapsed maximum intensity projection (MIP) images and source images will be interpreted using pre-defined criteria to describe classify circle of ..
  43. Perinatal choline therapy in a mouse model of Down Syndrome &Alzheimer's Disease
    Barbara J Strupp; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..basal forebrain (CBF) neurons and impairments in the cognitive functions dependent on these neurons and their projection systems, namely, explicit memory and attentional function...
  44. Muscle Afferent Feedback Effects in Patients with Heart Failure
    Markus Amann; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Specifically, we will use lumbar intrathecal fentanyl to block the central projection of group III/IV muscle afferents during exercise (no concomitant effect on feedforward drive)...
  45. A role for ephrins-A2, -A3, &-A5 in excitatory synaptic development and function
    Rachel Wurzman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These integrated networks involve corticostriatal synapses on dendritic spines of medium spiny projection neurons (MSNs), which are organized into unique compartments within the striatum...
  46. The dorsal raphe and CRF: making the connections
    Michael S Clark; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Using a novel retrograde gene transfer system, canine adenovirus-2, 1 will determine the origins of CRF projection to the various subregions of the dorsal raphe, suspected to be the central nucleus of the amygdala and bed ..
  47. rAAV-GDNF to study mesolimbic control of body mass
    Ronald J Mandel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The present proposal is designed to determine the extent to which the mesolimbic dopamine (DA) projection from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) to the nucleus accumbens (nAcc) contributes to GDNF-over-expression ..
  48. Identification, Development and Function of Rapidly Adapting Mechanoreceptors
    Wenqin Luo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..individual Ret null RA mechanoreceptors during early development to establish the nature of the primary axonal projection deficit...
  49. Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease Biomarkers: Effects of Midlife Vascular Factors
    WHITNEY LEE WHARTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..modality developed at the UW Madison, called 3D phase contrast, vastly undersampled, isotropic voxel radial projection imaging (PC VIPR)...
  50. DEVELOPING PET AGENTS FOR IMAGING PHOSPHODIESTERASE 10A (PDE10A)
    Zhude Tu; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PDE10A is specifically expressed in the brain with high levels in striatal medium-sized spiny projection neurons (MSN) where it plays a critical role in the regulation of both cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) and ..
  51. Plasticity of micturition-related neurons following spinal cord injury
    Paul C Dolber; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our second hypothesis is that the targets of these tachykininergic afferents remain former projection neurons, but that these have acquired new spinal targets effecting the spinal micturition reflexes...
  52. A Follow-up of Children Enrolled in the Management of Myelomeningocele Study
    ELIZABETH ANN THOM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..differences by group in the microstructural organization of white matter tracts, such as the corpus callosum and projection and association pathways...
  53. Neurophysiological analysis of accumbens activity during risk-taking behavior
    JONATHAN ADAM SUGAM; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..corticolimbic areas such as the prefrontal cortex, basolateral amygdala, hippocampus, and a dense dopaminergic projection from the VTA...
  54. Regulation of basal ganglia output neurons
    Fu Ming Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The SNc contains the majority of nigrostriatal dopamine projection neurons that are compromised in PD...
  55. Transduction mechanisms and CNS targets of GC-D neurons
    Steven D Munger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that provide sensory input to the necklace glomeruli, as well as the central targets of necklace-associated projection neurons;and (3) examine contributions of GC-D+ neurons to important social behaviors, the social transfer of ..
  56. AFFERENT REGULATION OF CHOLINERGIC FOREBRAIN NEURONS
    Laszlo Zaborszky; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Specific Aim 2 will define the cortical projection target of BF cell clusters...
  57. C1, Rostroventrolateral Medulla and Integration of Cardiovascular Regulation
    JOHN PATRICK CARD; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The data from that investigation confirmed the projection of C1 neurons to the sympathetic column in thoracic spinal cord but also revealed dense projections to a number ..
  58. Neural circuits underlying circadian regulation of behavior and physiology
    Nina Vujovic; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Circadian regulation of corticosteroid release may depend on an excitatory projection from the DMH to corticotropin releasing hormone-expressing neurons in the paraventricular hypothalamus (PVH)...
  59. Nociceptive Role of SST and NT receptor-expressing dorsal horn neurons
    RONALD GORDON WILEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..produces naloxone-insensitive analgesia by exciting inhibitory interneurons that normally inhibit nociceptive projection neurons...
  60. Stress and Noradrenergic Modulation of A10dc Dopamine Neurons
    MEGAN A FETTIG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Approximately half of the dopaminergic projection to the extended amygdala arises from a group of dopamine neurons termed the A10 dorsocaudal (A10dc) neurons, in ..
  61. Biochemical Mechanisms of Hedgehog Signaling
    Rajat Rohatgi; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..have constructed a new model for Hedgehog signaling that highlights the importance of the primary cilium, a tiny projection found on the surface of most cells that has been recently implicated in the Hedgehog pathway and in human ..
  62. SENSORY CODING IN TASTE
    John D Boughter; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The studies of this proposal will test the hypotheses that a projection from the PBN to the ventral tegmental area (VTA) mediates taste-evoked reward, and a projection from the PBN to ..
  63. ETHANOL EFFECT ON THE BASAL FOREBRAIN CORTEX SYSTEM
    Michael Miller; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These data imply that the projection from the basal forebrain to cerebral cortex is a specific target of ethanol...
  64. A Dual Resolution Cone Beam CT System for 3-D Breast Imaging
    Chris Shaw; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..to limit the x-ray field to the VOI and a small field of view CCD detector is used to acquire high resolution projection images for the VOI at an appropriate exposure level...
  65. A Dual Resolution Cone Beam CT System for 3-D Breast Imaging
    Chris C Shaw; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to limit the x-ray field to the VOI and a small field of view CCD detector is used to acquire high resolution projection images for the VOI at an appropriate exposure level...
  66. FULLY THREE-DIMENSIONAL TOMOGRAPHY MEETING
    GRANT GULLBERG; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..x-ray computed tomography (CT) and the reconstruction of volume positron emission tomography (PET) images from projection samples which include projection measurements of cross-planes that are obtained when septa are removed in a ..
  67. Novel Static Screen Volumetric 3D Display for Medical Image Visualization
    Jason Geng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the dynamic volumetric 3D display;z The "voxel column" concept that converts the crystal block and a 2D image projection into an addressable dynamic volumetric 3D display device, with a static screen;z The "Time Division" and "..
  68. BEHAVIORAL TOXICITY OF LEAD--A PHARMACOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
    Deborah Cory Slechta; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..postweaning Pb appears to target the mesolimbic dopamine (DA) system, based on effects observed in its terminal projection region, the nucleus accumbens (NAC)...
  69. GROWTH OF OPTIC NERVE FIBERS
    Robert Williams; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..More than half of all fibers that grow out from the retina form a crossed projection that connects with target neurons on the other side of the brain...
  70. OROFACIAL PAIN PATHWAYS
    BARRY GRUNWERG; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..are known only in part; in particular, the effects of dental pain on structures outside the trigeminal projection system are poorly understood...
  71. NEUROPATHOLOGY AND PATHOGENESIS OF HUNTINGTON' DISEASE
    Anton Reiner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..defect leads to selective striatal neuronal death by 1) enrichment in AMPARs and cortical inputs in striatal projection neurons and parvalbuminergic interneurons in HD...
  72. PATHOBIOLOGY OF TAU PROTEIN
    KENNETH KOSIK; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The hypothesis of part I is that the projection domains of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) serve as anchors for specific kinases and phosphatases where ..