Summary: The bestowing of tangible or intangible benefits, voluntarily and usually without expectation of anything in return. However, gift giving may be motivated by feelings of ALTRUISM or gratitude, by a sense of obligation, or by the hope of receiving something in return.
Publications209 found, 100 shown here
- [Physicians and the hospitality of pharmaceutical companies]Alexis Lama
Rev Med Chil 132:265-6; discussion 267-8. 2004
- A national survey of physician-industry relationshipsEric G Campbell
Institute for Health Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital Partners Health Care System and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
N Engl J Med 356:1742-50. 2007..We surveyed physicians to collect information about their financial associations with industry and the factors that predict those associations...
- Cigarette sharing and gifting in rural China: a focus group studyMi Hu
Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
Nicotine Tob Res 14:361-7. 2012..To understand the reasons behind gifting and sharing cigarettes in China's rural areas and how these practices contribute to smoking initiation and hamper smoking cessation efforts...
- Effect of educational interventions and medical school policies on medical students' attitudes toward pharmaceutical marketing practices: a multi-institutional studyAudiey C Kao
Ethics Group, American Medical Association, Chicago, Illinois 60654, USA
Acad Med 86:1454-62. 2011....
- Tobacco as a social currency: cigarette gifting and sharing in ChinaZachary C Rich
Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
Nicotine Tob Res 14:258-63. 2012..Important differences between the act of giving individual cigarettes and the gifting of packaged cigarettes are explored as well as explanations for how both these practices have influenced current tobacco control efforts...
- The ethics of pharmaceutical industry relationships with medical studentsWendy A Rogers
Department of Medical Education, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
Med J Aust 180:411-4. 2004..Medical educators have a duty of care to protect students from influence by pharmaceutical companies...
- Fee-for-service or donation? Hungarian perspectives on informal payment for health carePeter Gaal
Health Services Management Training Centre, Semmelweis University, Kutvolgyi ut 2, Budapest H 1125, Hungary
Soc Sci Med 60:1445-57. 2005..To orient future research, a possible agenda is outlined, which links evidence to be obtained to the defining features of gratitude payments...
- Medical students' exposure to and attitudes about drug company interactions: a national surveyFrederick S Sierles
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science The Chicago Medical School, North Chicago, Ill 60064, USA
JAMA 294:1034-42. 2005..While exposure to and attitudes about drug company interactions among residents have been studied extensively, relatively little is known about relationships between drug companies and medical students...
- The effect of educational gifts from pharmaceutical firms on medical students' recall of company names or productsW S Sandberg
Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Acad Med 72:916-8. 1997..To assess the influence of pharmaceutical advertising (in the form of books) directed at medical students and also to examine students' attitudes toward pharmaceutical representatives after interacting with them...
- An invasion of cheats; the evolution of worthless nuptial giftsNatasha R Lebas
Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9TH, Scotland, United Kingdom
Curr Biol 15:64-7. 2005..These findings suggest that female behavior in genuine gift-giving species is susceptible to the invasion of male cheating on reproductive investment...
- Understanding informal payments for health care: the example of BulgariaDina Balabanova
Health Systems Development Programme, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, WC1E 7HT, London, UK
Health Policy 62:243-73. 2002..A clear policy response to informal payments is, however, lacking. The current study explores informal payments in Bulgaria within a conceptual framework developed by triangulating information using a variety of methodologies...
- Pharmaceutical gift giving: analysis of an ethical dilemmaCharlene L Stokamer
Patient Health Education, VA New York Harbor Healthcare System, New York, NY, USA
J Nurs Adm 33:48-51. 2003..The article outlines cultural responses to gift giving and ethical issues surrounding healthcare professionals' responses to pharmaceutical marketing strategies...
- Personal use of drug samples by physicians and office staffJ M Westfall
Department of Family Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80220, USA
JAMA 278:141-3. 1997..Pharmaceutical samples are commonly used in ambulatory care settings. There is limited research on their use or impact on health care providers and patients...
- A population-based study of the prevalence and influence of gifts to radiation oncologists from pharmaceutical companies and medical equipment manufacturersEdward C Halperin
Office of the Vice Dean, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 59:1477-83. 2004..Little is known about the influence of gift giving on their behavior...
- Who pays for the pizza? Redefining the relationships between doctors and drug companies. 2: DisentanglementRay Moynihan
BMJ 326:1193-6. 2003
- The impact of altruistic behaviors for children and grandchildren on major depression among parents and grandparents in the United States: a prospective studyTakeo Fujiwara
Centre for Community Child Health Research, Child and Family Research Institute, Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
J Affect Disord 107:29-36. 2008..It is needed to test whether paternal and maternal ABC prevent the development of mental health problems in later life...
- A social science perspective on gifts to physicians from industryJason Dana
Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
JAMA 290:252-5. 2003
- Physician-industry relations. Part 1: individual physiciansSusan L Coyle
Center for Ethics and Professionalism, American College of Physicians American Society of Internal Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19106 1572, USA
Ann Intern Med 136:396-402. 2002..All of these relationships have the potential to influence a physician's attitudes and practices. This paper explores the ethical quandaries involved and offers guidelines for ethical business relationships...
- Charities and patient groups should declare interestsJenny Hirst
BMJ 326:1211. 2003
- Doctors and the drug industry: reader feedbackRugmini Warrier
Am J Med 118:1175-6; author reply 1176. 2005
- Pharmaceutical industry influences on physician prescribing: gifts, quasi-gifts, and patient-directed giftsJeffrey T Berger
SUNY, Stony Brook School of Medicine, USA
Am J Bioeth 3:56-7. 2003
- Teaching appropriate interactions with pharmaceutical company representatives: the impact of an innovative workshop on student attitudesJames L Wofford
Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
BMC Med Educ 5:5. 2005..We examined whether an innovative, mandatory workshop for third year medical students had immediate effects on knowledge and attitudes regarding interactions with PCRs...
- Industry association suspends drug company for entertaining doctorsMichael Day
BMJ 332:381. 2006
- The ethics of engagement with the pharmaceutical industryNat Almirall
Mich Med 105:10-2. 2006
- The death of common senseHoward Trachtman
Schneider Children s Hospital, USA
Am J Bioeth 3:W31-W32. 2003
- Taking money from the drug industry: the rules tightenCarl Elliott
Hastings Cent Rep 33:6-7. 2003
- Pharmaceutical firms' generosity and physicians: legal aspects in BelgiumChristophe Desmet
Centre for Biomedical Ethics and Law, Catholic University of Louvain
Med Law 22:473-87. 2003..To round up, we will examine how the principles laid down in these documents are being interpreted in the Belgian case-law...
- On the need for probity when physicians interact with industryI A Scott
Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Intern Med J 36:265-9. 2006....
- Residents' perceptions over time of pharmaceutical industry interactions and gifts and the effect of an educational interventionJohn A Schneider
Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Acad Med 81:595-602. 2006..To describe change in residents' attitudes toward gifts from and interactions with industry and to measure the effects of a formal educational workshop on changes in perceptions...
- Doctors and drug companiesDavid Blumenthal
Institute for Health Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital, Partners Health Care System, Boston, USA
N Engl J Med 351:1885-90. 2004
- Financial conflicts of interest in physicians' relationships with the pharmaceutical industry--self-regulation in the shadow of federal prosecutionDavid M Studdert
Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
N Engl J Med 351:1891-900. 2004
- All rationalizations large and smallBob Goodman
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, USA
Am J Bioeth 3:57-8. 2003
- Pens and other pharmaceutical industry giftsHoward Brody
Michigan State University, USA
Am J Bioeth 3:58-60. 2003
- Drug companies and clinical psychologyElina Baker
Devon Partnership NHS Trust, Dawlish, UK
Ethical Hum Sci Serv 5:247-53. 2003..Clinical psychology shows signs of both joining and resisting this process...
- Curbing the influence of the drug industry: a British viewRichard Smith
UnitedHealth Europe, London, United Kingdom
PLoS Med 2:e241. 2005
- Gifts to physicians from the pharmaceutical and medical manufacturing industry: what every physician should knowRoger Zoorob
Louisiana State University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, New Orleans, USA
J La State Med Soc 156:28-32. 2004..Ricardo Martinez, MD, PhD; Pamela A. Parra, MD, Vice-Chair; William G. Rhea, Jr., MD; Rajasekharan Warrier, MD; Roger Zoorob, MD; Jeanette Harmon, MBA, Director of Administration; and JoAnna Cline, Medical Education Coordinator.)..
- Doctors and drug companiesElizabeth R Jenny-Avital
N Engl J Med 352:733-4; author reply 733-4. 2005
- Who rules the great Indian drug bazaar?Nobhojit Roy
Department of Surgery, BARC Hospital, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai 400094, India
Indian J Med Ethics 1:2-3. 2004
- Interactions between emergency medicine programs and the pharmaceutical industrySamuel M Keim
Department of Emergency Medicine and the Arizona Emergency Medicine Research Center, Tucson, AZ, USA
Acad Emerg Med 11:19-26. 2004..The authors also sought to study the prevalence of program policies and the desire for organizational policies...
- Health industry practices that create conflicts of interest: a policy proposal for academic medical centersTroyen A Brennan
Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
JAMA 295:429-33. 2006..We propose a policy under which academic medical centers would take the lead in eliminating the conflicts of interest that still characterize the relationship between physicians and the health care industry...
- A costly conflict. Hospitals should take a stand against dirty deals with drug, device firmsTodd Sloane
Mod Healthc 34:20. 2004
- Lunch with Lilly: who pays?Carson Strong
University of Tennessee College of Medicine, USA
Am J Bioeth 3:62-3. 2003
- Doctors and drug companiesLaura A Lambert
N Engl J Med 352:733-4; author reply 733-4. 2005
- The ethics of pharmaceutical industry gift-giving: the role of a professional associationKarine Morin
American Medical Association
Am J Bioeth 3:54-5. 2003
- Academic medical centers and conflicts of interestKimford J Meador
JAMA 295:2845; author reply 2848-9. 2006
- Who pays for the pizza? Redefining the relationships between doctors and drug companies. 1: entanglementRay Moynihan
BMJ 326:1189-92. 2003
- A quiz on "the ethics of accepting gifts from industry"Richard P Holm
S D Med 60:117-8. 2007..To interact with marketing people is appropriate, not unethical. However we must not be influenced in any way that would disadvantage our patients...
- A national survey of physician-industry relationshipsRobert M Sade
N Engl J Med 357:507; author reply 508. 2007
- Politely refuse the pen and note pad: gifts from industry to physicians harm patientsKenneth V Iserson
Arizona Bioethics Program, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
Ann Thorac Surg 84:1077-84. 2007
- Conflicts of interest between physicians and the pharmaceutical industry and special interest groupsDiane H Schetky
University of Vermont College of Medicine at Maine Medical Center, Portland, Rockport, ME 04856, USA
Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 17:113-25, ix-x. 2008..This article explores the relevant pressing ethical issues and proposals for changing course and managing these potentially troublesome relationships...
- Alteplase for stroke: money and optimistic claims buttress the "brain attack" campaignJeanne Lenzer
Oak Ridge Journalism, Ellenville, NY 12428, USA
BMJ 324:723-9. 2002
- The benefits and risks of a pack of M&MsBert Spilker
Pharmaccutical Research and Manufacturers of America PhRMA, Washington, DC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 21:243-4. 2002
- A matter of influenceHoward Brody
Center for Ethics and Humanities in the Life Sciences, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 21:232-4. 2002
- No free lunchPaul Jung
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 21:226-31. 2002
- Has the hunt for conflicts of interest gone too far? NoKirby Lee
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of California, San Francisco, 3333 California Street, Box 0613, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
BMJ 336:477. 2008
- Drug representatives: giving you lunch or stealing your soul?Steven P Higgins
Division of Dermatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
Dermatol Online J 13:5. 2007..Providers who interact with drug reps must exercise caution to prevent compromise of the patient-physician relationship...
- Marketing drugs: debating the real cost. Concern about close ties between doctors and pharmaceutical firms are prompting new financial disclosure laws and education effortsRachel Brand
State Legis 34:26-9. 2008
- New developments in managing physician-industry relationshipsDavid J Rothman
Center on Medicine as a Profession, Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, 630 W 168th St, New York, NY 10032, USA
JAMA 300:1067-9. 2008
- Pharmaceutical company gifts: from voluntary standards to legal demandsRebecca Dresser
Washington University, St Louis, USA
Hastings Cent Rep 36:8-9. 2006
- Sunshine laws and the pharmaceutical industryTroyen A Brennan
JAMA 297:1255-7. 2007
- The relationship between physicians and the biomedical industries: advice from the Royal College of PhysiciansJohn Bennett
Royal College of Physicians, London
Clin Med 2:320-2. 2002..We believe that clearly stated guidance will benefit the biomedical industry and physicians alike...
- Academic medical centers and conflicts of interestJoseph Yuk Sang Ting
JAMA 295:2846; author reply 2848-9. 2006
- Academic medical centers and conflicts of interestPeter Y Watson
JAMA 295:2847-8; author reply 2848-9. 2006
- All gifts large and small: toward an understanding of the ethics of pharmaceutical industry gift-givingDana Katz
University of Pennsylvania, USA
Am J Bioeth 3:39-46. 2003..Policies and guidelines that rely on arbitrary value limits for gift-giving or receipt should be reevaluated...
- Philanthropy, ethics, and leadership in academic psychiatryLaura Weiss Roberts
Acad Psychiatry 30:269-72. 2006
- Medical students protest perks from drug companiesAlisa Opar
Nat Med 12:1104. 2006
- Gifts to physicians from the pharmaceutical industry: an ethical analysisCatherine A Marco
Department of Emergency Medicine, St Vincent Mercy Medical Center, Toledo, OH 43608 2691, USA
Ann Emerg Med 48:513-21. 2006..After a brief description of the nature and scope of the practice of gift giving, this article examines major arguments for and against this practice...
- Physician-industry relationsFrederick E Turton
Ann Intern Med 146:469. 2007
- Madison hospitals say no to food, gifts, trinketsCheryl A Thompson
Am J Health Syst Pharm 63:2438, 2441. 2006
- Gifts. What's all the fuss about?Dennis Murray
Med Econ 79:119-20. 2002
- Giving and receiving of gifts between pharmaceutical and medical specialists in AustraliaA Wilson
Intern Med J 36:795-6; author reply 796-7. 2006
- Teaching engineering ethics using role-playing in a culturally diverse student groupRobert H Prince
York University, Dept of Physics and Astronomy, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Toronto, Canada M3J 1P3
Sci Eng Ethics 12:321-6. 2006..The method is now being adopted in a short course format to assist the professional integration of foreign trained engineers...
- Professional ethics and professional etiquette in dentistry: are they compatible?ERNEST NEWBRUN
University of California San Francisco, School of Dentistry, USA
J Hist Dent 55:119-25; discussion 171-85. 2007..Of course these issues are not unique to dentistry; they apply to all health care providers. Nor is this a new problem, but it requires fixing for the future of ethical dental practice...
- Monitoring compliance with the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes in west Africa: multisite cross sectional survey in Togo and Burkina FasoVictor M Aguayo
Helen Keller International, Regional Office for Africa, New York, NY 10010, USA
BMJ 326:127. 2003..To monitor compliance with the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes in health systems, sales outlets, distribution points, and the news media in Togo and Burkina Faso, west Africa...
- Show us the money: lessons in transparency from state pharmaceutical marketing disclosure lawsSusan Chimonas
Center on Medicine as a Profession, Columbia University, 630 West 168th Street, P and S Box 11, New York, NY 10032, USA
Health Serv Res 45:98-114. 2010..To assess legislation requiring drug companies to report gifts to providers, and to evaluate the information obtained...
- [Opinions of the participants of 'Quit and Win' competition concerning prizes motivating to refrain from smoking]Alina Kowalska
Katedra Medycyny Społecznej i Zapobiegawczej Uniwersytet Medyczny, Łódź
Przegl Lek 66:809-12. 2009..In the opinion of majority of the respondents who were laureates of competitions as chosen at random, competitions with prizes organized at the end of campaigns are an effective method of antinicotine prevention...
- The use of the female condom by women in Brazil participating in HIV prevention education sessionsElisabeth Meloni Vieira
University of Sao Paulo, Medical School of Ribeirao Preto, Department of Social Medicine, Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Rev Panam Salud Publica 15:373-9. 2004....
- Effects of an educational intervention on residents' knowledge and attitudes toward interactions with pharmaceutical representativesJ A Hopper
Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Mich. 48201, USA
J Gen Intern Med 12:639-42. 1997..05), and that other physicians' prescribing patterns could be negatively influenced through the acceptance of gifts (p < .05). A brief educational intervention can change resident attitudes concerning physician interactions with PRs...
- Token transfers among great apes (Gorilla gorilla, Pongo pygmaeus, Pan paniscus, and Pan troglodytes): species differences, gestural requests, and reciprocal exchangeMarie Pelé
Departement Ecologie, Physiologie, and Ethologie, Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique, Universite de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France
J Comp Psychol 123:375-84. 2009..This raises the question of the meaning of pointing in great apes and their ability to understand the communicative intent of others...
- Observations on ethical problems and terminal careD S Fischer
Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut
Yale J Biol Med 65:105-20. 1992..This practice increases the cost of the drugs and is, in effect, a "sick tax," which is morally wrong...
- Risk factors for domestic physical violence: national cross-sectional household surveys in eight southern African countriesNeil Andersson
Centro de Investigación de Enfermedades Tropicales CIET, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero, Acapulco, Mexico
BMC Womens Health 7:11. 2007..The baseline to assess impact of a mass education-entertainment programme offered an opportunity to identify risk factors for domestic physical violence...
- Sara s. Sparrow (1933-2010)Alice S Carter
University of Massachusetts
Am Psychol 66:144. 2011..A memorial fund has been established at the Yale Child Study Center in her name. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)...
- A national program for nondirected kidney donation from living unrelated donors: the Philippine experienceM N Manauis
National Kidney and Transplant Institute, Quezon City, Philippines
Transplant Proc 40:2100-3. 2008..The objectives of this study are to describe the mechanism of the program and to present initial donor outcome...
- Male courtship attractiveness and paternity success in Photinus greeni firefliesKristian C Demary
Department of Biology, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155, USA
Evolution 61:431-9. 2007..These results indicate that it is crucial for future studies on sexual selection in polyandrous species to integrate both precopulatory and postcopulatory episodes to fully understand the evolution of male traits...
- Forty years of publication of transplantation proceedings--the second decade: the cyclosporine revolutionBarry D Kahan
Division of Immunology and Organ Transplantation, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
Transplant Proc 41:1423-37. 2009..Transplantation had now achieved its rightful place in the clinical armamentarium...
- A typology of groups at risk of HIV/STI in a gold mining town in north-western TanzaniaNicola Desmond
National Institute for Medical Research, NIMR AMREF LSHTM Collaborative Projects, PO Box 11936, Mwanza, Tanzania
Soc Sci Med 60:1739-49. 2005..The methodology also enabled an approach to interventions sensitive to different circumstances associated with risk within the town while identifying structural factors affecting risk at the level of the town as a whole...
- Infection increases the value of nuptial gifts, and hence male reproductive success, in the Hymenolepis diminuta-Tenebrio molitor associationHilary Hurd
The Centre for Applied Entomology and Parasitology, School of Life Sciences, University of Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK
Proc Biol Sci 270:S172-4. 2003....
- Burnt wives: a study of homicidesVirendra Kumar
Dept of Forensic Medicine, KMC, Manipal 576104, Karnataka, India
Med Sci Law 44:55-60. 2004..Many of them were doused with kerosene and set alight. Most died at the time of the incident or within the subsequent 24 hours, most commonly from shock...
- Sexual selection in the gift-giving dance fly, Rhamphomyia sulcata, favors small males carrying small giftsNatasha R Lebas
Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9TH, United Kingdom
Evolution 58:1763-72. 2004..These findings highlight the role correlational sexual selection can play in optimizing nonsexual male morphology and scaling relationships. This study questions the role of the nuptial gift in dance flies as a resource for females...
- Burnt wives--a study of suicidesVirendra Kumar
Department of Forensic Medicine, KMC, 576119, Karnataka, Manipal, India
Burns 29:31-5. 2003..Most died at the time of the incident or within the subsequent 24h, most commonly from shock...
- Adolescent girls with illegally induced abortion in Dar es Salaam: the discrepancy between sexual behaviour and lack of access to contraceptionV Rasch
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Odense University Hospital, DK 5000 Odense C, Denmark
Reprod Health Matters 8:52-62. 2000..There is a need for youth-friendly family planning services and to make abortion safe and legal, in order to reduce unwanted pregnancies and abortion-related complications and deaths among adolescent girls...
- An economic and ethical approach to charity and to charity endowmentsJohn E Core
Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania
Rev Soc Econ 68:261-84. 2010....
- How are health professionals earning their living in Malawi?Adamson S Muula
Department of Community Health, University of Malawi, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi
BMC Health Serv Res 6:97. 2006..Oftentimes however, it is the reasons for the out-migration that have been described in the literature. The work and domestic situations of those health professionals continuing to serve in their posts have not been adequately studied...
- A comparison of physicians' and patients' attitudes toward pharmaceutical industry giftsR V Gibbons
Department of Medicine, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
J Gen Intern Med 13:151-4. 1998..Broader dissemination of guidelines may be one means of changing physician behavior. At the same time, future guidelines should further consider the potentially different viewpoints of patients and physicians...
- Nuptial gifts and the evolution of male body sizeKenneth M Fedorka
Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
Evolution 56:590-6. 2002..The implications of these results with regard to the maintenance of the female-biased size dimorphic system are discussed...
- Sex chromosomes behavior and G-banding treatment of male meiosis in nuptial gift-giving spiders of the family TrechaleidaeMaria J Albo
Laboratory of Ethology, Ecology and Evolution, Clemente Estable Biological Research Institute, Montevideo, Uruguay
Integr Zool 6:56-62. 2011..biocellata. The special behavior of sex chromosomes in T. biocellata as well as the different G-banding pattern of this species suggests the existence of novel modifications in this species...
- Magazines for children and young people and the links to Internet food marketing: a review of the extent and type of food advertisingGill Cowburn
British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Rosemary Rue Building, Old Road Campus, Headington, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
Public Health Nutr 10:1024-31. 2007..To examine the nature of the link between food advertising in UK magazines aimed at children and young people and Internet food marketing, to establish whether consideration should be given to tightening existing controls...
- In-kind drug donations for Tanzania. Stakeholders' views--a questionnaire surveyGaby Gehler Mariacher
Swiss Tropical Institute, PO Box, 4002 Basel, Switzerland
World Health Popul 9:74-99. 2007....
- Titmuss and the gift relationship: altruism revisitedF L Rapport
Research Consultant, Research and Development Support Unit, Swansea Clinical School, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea, UK
J Adv Nurs 40:495-503. 2002....
- Selection on body size and sexual size dimorphism differs between host species in a seed-feeding beetleC W Fox
Department of Entomology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546 0091, USA
J Evol Biol 19:1167-74. 2006..male size. Researchers working on other study systems should be alerted to the possible importance of subtle, but consequential, indirect selection on their study organisms...
- Death feigning in the face of sexual cannibalismTrine Bilde
Department of Ecology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 540, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
Biol Lett 2:23-5. 2006..We propose that death feigning evolved as an adaptive male mating strategy in conjunction with nuptial gift giving under the risk of being victimized by females.
- ACTIONS OF SEMINAL PROTEINS IN MATED DROSOPHILA FEMALESMARIANA WOLFNER; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition to their relevance to reproductive mechanisms in a range of organisms including mammals, we anticipate that our findings will have practical applications in the control of insect vectors of human disease. ..
- Mapping Etiological Pathways to SV Perpetration from Childhood to Young AdulthoodMichele Ybarra; Fiscal Year: 2009..Findings from the extended follow-up of the Growing up with Media study will provide insight into the etiology of sexual violence perpetration as youth transition from adolescence into adulthood. ..
- RISK, INSURANCE, AND THE FAMILYRobert Townsend; Fiscal Year: 1993..classify and measure transfers by type (gifts, borrowing-lending) and by source (family,caste, other) to quantify the role of the immediate and extended family in the larger community context...
- Acquisition of 800 MHz NMR System with Cryogenic ProbeGaetano Montelione; Fiscal Year: 2004..Finally, the instrumentation will be used to support research in high-throughput protein structure production by the NIH-funded Northeast Structural Genomics Consortium. ..
- Academic Industry Relationships in GeneticsEric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2006..Results will be disseminated through publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at scientific meetings. ..
- Academic Industry Relationships Among IRB MembersEric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2005..Results will be disseminated through publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at scientific meetings. ..
- Government Industry Relationships in ScienceEric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Data Sharing & Data Withholding Among Trainees in Scien*Eric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2002..Hypotheses will be tested using univariate and multivariate statistical techniques. Results will be disseminated through publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at scientific meetings. ..
- Women's Empowerment and Child Survival in the Historical United StatesNorman Miller; Fiscal Year: 2007..By developing and disseminating newly digitized historical state-level mortality data, this project will aid other researchers working in this area as well. ..
- Downsizing Possessions for Residential Moves in Later LifeDAVID EKERDT; Fiscal Year: 2009..Findings of this study will be of widespread interest and assistance to the general public of aged and aging adults and to geriatric care managers, health personnel, social service providers, housing specialists, and attorneys. ..
- Improving the Ethics of Consent in Drug Abuse ResearchDavid S Festinger; Fiscal Year: 2010..Importantly, this study will also assist in achieving ARRA aims by stimulating economic growth through the hiring and continued funding of entry and upper level personnel in Philadelphia, PA and Wilmington, DE. ..
- Contingency Management for Cocaine Dependence: Cash vs VouchersDAVID FESTINGER; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Contingency Management for Cocaine Dependence: Cash vs VouchersDavid S Festinger; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Contingency Management for Cocaine Dependence: Cash vs VouchersDAVID FESTINGER; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Respondent Burden and Retention in Cancer Clinical TrialsConnie Ulrich; Fiscal Year: 2009..Early identification and pre-emptive interventions prior to encountering retention problems in cancer clinical trials may mitigate respondent burden and lead to completion of important, resource intensive clinical trials. ..
- Downsizing Possessions for Residential Moves in Later LifeDavid J Ekerdt; Fiscal Year: 2010..Findings of this study will be of widespread interest and assistance to the general public of aged and aging adults and to geriatric care managers, health personnel, social service providers, housing specialists, and attorneys. ..
- ACTIONS OF SEMINAL PROTEINS IN MATED DROSOPHILA FEMALESMARIANA WOLFNER; Fiscal Year: 2009..In addition to their relevance to reproductive mechanisms in a range of organisms including mammals, we anticipate that our findings will have practical applications in the control of insect vectors of human disease. ..
- Molecular genetics of egg activation and pronuclear function in DrosophilaMARIANA WOLFNER; Fiscal Year: 2007..Thus, we exploit the powerful genetics of Drosophila to elucidate efficiently the molecules and gene pathways needed to start development in humans. ..
- Effect of Urban Form on Exercise and BMI in Black WomenPatricia Coogan; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed study has the potential to provide such evidence and to impact policy in the domains of both transportation/urban planning and public health. ..
- The Tetrahymena Genome ProjectEduardo Orias; Fiscal Year: 2004..f) The likelihood of continuing to generate unexpected and valuable fundamental knowledge about the cell, genetic and molecular biology of this important organism. ..
- CASE CONTROL STUDY OF STATIN USE AND LARGE BOWEL CANCERPatricia Coogan; Fiscal Year: 2004..S. men and women are high, an inverse association would be of considerable public health importance. Moreover, it would shed light on a mechanism of colon carcinogenesis. ..
- Ethics and Safeguards in Psychiatric ResearchLaura Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2009..Our proposed endeavor will generate new knowledge for wide dissemination and publication that can inform future evidence-based PGR ethics guidelines and generate further empirical ethics research on PGR. ..
- MOLECULAR GENETICS OF PRONUCLEAR FUNCTIONS IN DROSOPHILAMARIANA WOLFNER; Fiscal Year: 1993..Simultaneously, they will permit the first genetic dissection of a non-lamin nuclear envelope component, and its developmental function, in an animal...
- Ethics and Safeguards in Psychiatric ResearchLaura W Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2010..Our proposed endeavor will generate new knowledge for wide dissemination and publication that can inform future evidence-based PGR ethics guidelines and generate further empirical ethics research on PGR. ..
- Ethics and Safeguards in Psychiatric ResearchLaura Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2007..Our proposed endeavor will generate new knowledge for wide dissemination and publication that can inform future evidence-based PGR ethics guidelines and generate further empirical ethics research on PGR. ..
- LTC Policies and Elderly Living and Care ArrangementsLiliana Pezzin; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Executive Function & Context-consistent RulesJESSICA KIERAS; Fiscal Year: 2006..A better understanding of these issues can be applied to design self-regulation training programs that can be used to help children and adults who have disorders related to difficulties with self-regulation. ..
- Effect of Urban Form on Exercise and BMI in Black WomenPatricia Coogan; Fiscal Year: 2009..The proposed study has the potential to provide such evidence and to impact policy in the domains of both transportation/urban planning and public health. ..
- Ethics of Participant Payment in Drug Abuse ResearchDAVID FESTINGER; Fiscal Year: 2006..g., contingency management protocols; employment, public assistance), and to determine whether higher magnitudes of payments contribute to higher follow-up rates. ..
- Improving the Ethics of Consent in Drug Abuse ResearchDAVID FESTINGER; Fiscal Year: 2006..To our knowledge, this will be the first randomized, controlled evaluation of these consent interventions in a criminal offender or drug-abusing population. ..
- Ethics and Safeguards in Psychiatric ResearchLaura Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2009
- Ethics of Participant Payment in Drug Abuse ResearchDAVID FESTINGER; Fiscal Year: 2002..The results will assist researchers and IRB's in their task of developing and implementing effective, validated, and ethical follow-up procedures. ..
- PSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH ETHICS: SCIENCE AND SAFEGUARDSLaura Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2002..Through the plan for development of my research career, I hope to contribute to the advancement of vital, ethically sound research involving mentally ill people and members of other special and potentially vulnerable, populations. ..
- Improving the Ethics of Consent in Drug Abuse ResearchDAVID FESTINGER; Fiscal Year: 2009..Importantly, this study will also assist in achieving ARRA aims by stimulating economic growth through the hiring and continued funding of entry and upper level personnel in Philadelphia, PA and Wilmington, DE. ..