gift giving

Summary

Summary: The bestowing of tangible or intangible benefits, voluntarily and usually without expectation of anything in return. However, gift giving may be motivated by feelings of ALTRUISM or gratitude, by a sense of obligation, or by the hope of receiving something in return.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi [Physicians and the hospitality of pharmaceutical companies]
    Alexis Lama
    Rev Med Chil 132:265-6; discussion 267-8. 2004
  2. ncbi Medical students' exposure to and attitudes about drug company interactions: a national survey
    Frederick S Sierles
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science The Chicago Medical School, North Chicago, Ill 60064, USA
    JAMA 294:1034-42. 2005
  3. ncbi A national survey of physician-industry relationships
    Eric G Campbell
    Institute for Health Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital Partners Health Care System and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:1742-50. 2007
  4. ncbi Cigarette sharing and gifting in rural China: a focus group study
    Mi Hu
    Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
    Nicotine Tob Res 14:361-7. 2012
  5. ncbi The effect of educational gifts from pharmaceutical firms on medical students' recall of company names or products
    W S Sandberg
    Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Acad Med 72:916-8. 1997
  6. ncbi Tobacco as a social currency: cigarette gifting and sharing in China
    Zachary C Rich
    Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
    Nicotine Tob Res 14:258-63. 2012
  7. ncbi Effect of educational interventions and medical school policies on medical students' attitudes toward pharmaceutical marketing practices: a multi-institutional study
    Audiey C Kao
    Ethics Group, American Medical Association, Chicago, Illinois 60654, USA
    Acad Med 86:1454-62. 2011
  8. ncbi Managing conflicts of interest in clinical care: a national survey of policies at U.S. medical schools
    Susan Chimonas
    Center on Medicine as a Profession, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Acad Med 86:293-9. 2011
  9. ncbi The ethics of pharmaceutical industry relationships with medical students
    Wendy A Rogers
    Department of Medical Education, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
    Med J Aust 180:411-4. 2004
  10. ncbi Fee-for-service or donation? Hungarian perspectives on informal payment for health care
    Peter Gaal
    Health Services Management Training Centre, Semmelweis University, Kutvolgyi ut 2, Budapest H 1125, Hungary
    Soc Sci Med 60:1445-57. 2005

Detail Information

Publications246 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi [Physicians and the hospitality of pharmaceutical companies]
    Alexis Lama
    Rev Med Chil 132:265-6; discussion 267-8. 2004
  2. ncbi Medical students' exposure to and attitudes about drug company interactions: a national survey
    Frederick S Sierles
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science The Chicago Medical School, North Chicago, Ill 60064, USA
    JAMA 294:1034-42. 2005
    ..While exposure to and attitudes about drug company interactions among residents have been studied extensively, relatively little is known about relationships between drug companies and medical students...
  3. ncbi A national survey of physician-industry relationships
    Eric G Campbell
    Institute for Health Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital Partners Health Care System and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:1742-50. 2007
    ..We surveyed physicians to collect information about their financial associations with industry and the factors that predict those associations...
  4. ncbi Cigarette sharing and gifting in rural China: a focus group study
    Mi Hu
    Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
    Nicotine Tob Res 14:361-7. 2012
    ..To understand the reasons behind gifting and sharing cigarettes in China's rural areas and how these practices contribute to smoking initiation and hamper smoking cessation efforts...
  5. ncbi The effect of educational gifts from pharmaceutical firms on medical students' recall of company names or products
    W S Sandberg
    Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Acad Med 72:916-8. 1997
    ..To assess the influence of pharmaceutical advertising (in the form of books) directed at medical students and also to examine students' attitudes toward pharmaceutical representatives after interacting with them...
  6. ncbi Tobacco as a social currency: cigarette gifting and sharing in China
    Zachary C Rich
    Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
    Nicotine Tob Res 14:258-63. 2012
    ..Important differences between the act of giving individual cigarettes and the gifting of packaged cigarettes are explored as well as explanations for how both these practices have influenced current tobacco control efforts...
  7. ncbi Effect of educational interventions and medical school policies on medical students' attitudes toward pharmaceutical marketing practices: a multi-institutional study
    Audiey C Kao
    Ethics Group, American Medical Association, Chicago, Illinois 60654, USA
    Acad Med 86:1454-62. 2011
    ....
  8. ncbi Managing conflicts of interest in clinical care: a national survey of policies at U.S. medical schools
    Susan Chimonas
    Center on Medicine as a Profession, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Acad Med 86:293-9. 2011
    ..However, no reliable data exist on the extent to which schools have policies to manage CCOIs. The authors sought to determine the extent and strength of medical schools' CCOI policies...
  9. ncbi The ethics of pharmaceutical industry relationships with medical students
    Wendy A Rogers
    Department of Medical Education, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
    Med J Aust 180:411-4. 2004
    ..Medical educators have a duty of care to protect students from influence by pharmaceutical companies...
  10. ncbi Fee-for-service or donation? Hungarian perspectives on informal payment for health care
    Peter Gaal
    Health Services Management Training Centre, Semmelweis University, Kutvolgyi ut 2, Budapest H 1125, Hungary
    Soc Sci Med 60:1445-57. 2005
    ..To orient future research, a possible agenda is outlined, which links evidence to be obtained to the defining features of gratitude payments...
  11. ncbi Physician-industry relations. Part 1: individual physicians
    Susan L Coyle
    Center for Ethics and Professionalism, American College of Physicians American Society of Internal Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19106 1572, USA
    Ann Intern Med 136:396-402. 2002
    ..All of these relationships have the potential to influence a physician's attitudes and practices. This paper explores the ethical quandaries involved and offers guidelines for ethical business relationships...
  12. ncbi The impact of altruistic behaviors for children and grandchildren on major depression among parents and grandparents in the United States: a prospective study
    Takeo Fujiwara
    Centre for Community Child Health Research, Child and Family Research Institute, Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Affect Disord 107:29-36. 2008
    ..It is needed to test whether paternal and maternal ABC prevent the development of mental health problems in later life...
  13. ncbi An invasion of cheats; the evolution of worthless nuptial gifts
    Natasha R Lebas
    Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9TH, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 15:64-7. 2005
    ..These findings suggest that female behavior in genuine gift-giving species is susceptible to the invasion of male cheating on reproductive investment...
  14. ncbi Understanding informal payments for health care: the example of Bulgaria
    Dina Balabanova
    Health Systems Development Programme, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, WC1E 7HT, London, UK
    Health Policy 62:243-73. 2002
    ..A clear policy response to informal payments is, however, lacking. The current study explores informal payments in Bulgaria within a conceptual framework developed by triangulating information using a variety of methodologies...
  15. ncbi Personal use of drug samples by physicians and office staff
    J M Westfall
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80220, USA
    JAMA 278:141-3. 1997
    ..Pharmaceutical samples are commonly used in ambulatory care settings. There is limited research on their use or impact on health care providers and patients...
  16. ncbi A population-based study of the prevalence and influence of gifts to radiation oncologists from pharmaceutical companies and medical equipment manufacturers
    Edward C Halperin
    Office of the Vice Dean, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 59:1477-83. 2004
    ..Little is known about the influence of gift giving on their behavior...
  17. pmc Who pays for the pizza? Redefining the relationships between doctors and drug companies. 2: Disentanglement
    Ray Moynihan
    BMJ 326:1193-6. 2003
  18. ncbi Pharmaceutical gift giving: analysis of an ethical dilemma
    Charlene L Stokamer
    Patient Health Education, VA New York Harbor Healthcare System, New York, NY, USA
    J Nurs Adm 33:48-51. 2003
    ..The article outlines cultural responses to gift giving and ethical issues surrounding healthcare professionals' responses to pharmaceutical marketing strategies...
  19. ncbi A social science perspective on gifts to physicians from industry
    Jason Dana
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    JAMA 290:252-5. 2003
  20. pmc Charities and patient groups should declare interests
    Jenny Hirst
    BMJ 326:1211. 2003
  21. ncbi Marketing drugs: debating the real cost. Concern about close ties between doctors and pharmaceutical firms are prompting new financial disclosure laws and education efforts
    Rachel Brand
    State Legis 34:26-9. 2008
  22. ncbi Financial conflicts of interest in physicians' relationships with the pharmaceutical industry--self-regulation in the shadow of federal prosecution
    David M Studdert
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:1891-900. 2004
  23. ncbi Gifts to physicians from the pharmaceutical and medical manufacturing industry: what every physician should know
    Roger Zoorob
    Louisiana State University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, New Orleans, USA
    J La State Med Soc 156:28-32. 2004
    ..Ricardo Martinez, MD, PhD; Pamela A. Parra, MD, Vice-Chair; William G. Rhea, Jr., MD; Rajasekharan Warrier, MD; Roger Zoorob, MD; Jeanette Harmon, MBA, Director of Administration; and JoAnna Cline, Medical Education Coordinator.)..
  24. ncbi The ethics of pharmaceutical industry gift-giving: the role of a professional association
    Karine Morin
    American Medical Association
    Am J Bioeth 3:54-5. 2003
  25. ncbi Doctors and drug companies
    David Blumenthal
    Institute for Health Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital, Partners Health Care System, Boston, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:1885-90. 2004
  26. doi New developments in managing physician-industry relationships
    David J Rothman
    Center on Medicine as a Profession, Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, 630 W 168th St, New York, NY 10032, USA
    JAMA 300:1067-9. 2008
  27. ncbi Pharmaceutical industry influences on physician prescribing: gifts, quasi-gifts, and patient-directed gifts
    Jeffrey T Berger
    SUNY, Stony Brook School of Medicine, USA
    Am J Bioeth 3:56-7. 2003
  28. ncbi Lunch with Lilly: who pays?
    Carson Strong
    University of Tennessee College of Medicine, USA
    Am J Bioeth 3:62-3. 2003
  29. ncbi Interactions between emergency medicine programs and the pharmaceutical industry
    Samuel M Keim
    Department of Emergency Medicine and the Arizona Emergency Medicine Research Center, Tucson, AZ, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 11:19-26. 2004
    ..The authors also sought to study the prevalence of program policies and the desire for organizational policies...
  30. ncbi Pharmaceutical firms' generosity and physicians: legal aspects in Belgium
    Christophe Desmet
    Centre for Biomedical Ethics and Law, Catholic University of Louvain
    Med Law 22:473-87. 2003
    ..To round up, we will examine how the principles laid down in these documents are being interpreted in the Belgian case-law...
  31. ncbi All rationalizations large and small
    Bob Goodman
    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, USA
    Am J Bioeth 3:57-8. 2003
  32. ncbi Pens and other pharmaceutical industry gifts
    Howard Brody
    Michigan State University, USA
    Am J Bioeth 3:58-60. 2003
  33. ncbi A costly conflict. Hospitals should take a stand against dirty deals with drug, device firms
    Todd Sloane
    Mod Healthc 34:20. 2004
  34. ncbi Drug companies and clinical psychology
    Elina Baker
    Devon Partnership NHS Trust, Dawlish, UK
    Ethical Hum Sci Serv 5:247-53. 2003
    ..Clinical psychology shows signs of both joining and resisting this process...
  35. ncbi Academic medical centers and conflicts of interest
    Joseph Yuk Sang Ting
    JAMA 295:2846; author reply 2848-9. 2006
  36. pmc Industry association suspends drug company for entertaining doctors
    Michael Day
    BMJ 332:381. 2006
  37. ncbi Doctors and drug companies
    Elizabeth R Jenny-Avital
    N Engl J Med 352:733-4; author reply 733-4. 2005
  38. ncbi Residents' perceptions over time of pharmaceutical industry interactions and gifts and the effect of an educational intervention
    John A Schneider
    Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Acad Med 81:595-602. 2006
    ..To describe change in residents' attitudes toward gifts from and interactions with industry and to measure the effects of a formal educational workshop on changes in perceptions...
  39. ncbi A national survey of physician-industry relationships
    Robert M Sade
    N Engl J Med 357:507; author reply 508. 2007
  40. ncbi Academic medical centers and conflicts of interest
    Peter Y Watson
    JAMA 295:2847-8; author reply 2848-9. 2006
  41. ncbi Philanthropy, ethics, and leadership in academic psychiatry
    Laura Weiss Roberts
    Acad Psychiatry 30:269-72. 2006
  42. ncbi Medical students protest perks from drug companies
    Alisa Opar
    Nat Med 12:1104. 2006
  43. ncbi Gifts to physicians from the pharmaceutical industry: an ethical analysis
    Catherine A Marco
    Department of Emergency Medicine, St Vincent Mercy Medical Center, Toledo, OH 43608 2691, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 48:513-21. 2006
    ..After a brief description of the nature and scope of the practice of gift giving, this article examines major arguments for and against this practice...
  44. ncbi Giving and receiving of gifts between pharmaceutical and medical specialists in Australia
    A Wilson
    Intern Med J 36:795-6; author reply 796-7. 2006
  45. ncbi A quiz on "the ethics of accepting gifts from industry"
    Richard P Holm
    S D Med 60:117-8. 2007
    ..To interact with marketing people is appropriate, not unethical. However we must not be influenced in any way that would disadvantage our patients...
  46. ncbi Sunshine laws and the pharmaceutical industry
    Troyen A Brennan
    JAMA 297:1255-7. 2007
  47. ncbi Physician-industry relations
    Frederick E Turton
    Ann Intern Med 146:469. 2007
  48. ncbi Pharmaceutical company gifts: from voluntary standards to legal demands
    Rebecca Dresser
    Washington University, St Louis, USA
    Hastings Cent Rep 36:8-9. 2006
  49. ncbi Politely refuse the pen and note pad: gifts from industry to physicians harm patients
    Kenneth V Iserson
    Arizona Bioethics Program, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 84:1077-84. 2007
  50. ncbi Drug representatives: giving you lunch or stealing your soul?
    Steven P Higgins
    Division of Dermatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Dermatol Online J 13:5. 2007
    ..Providers who interact with drug reps must exercise caution to prevent compromise of the patient-physician relationship...
  51. pmc Curbing the influence of the drug industry: a British view
    Richard Smith
    UnitedHealth Europe, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 2:e241. 2005
  52. pmc Has the hunt for conflicts of interest gone too far? No
    Kirby Lee
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of California, San Francisco, 3333 California Street, Box 0613, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    BMJ 336:477. 2008
  53. ncbi Doctors and the drug industry: reader feedback
    Rugmini Warrier
    Am J Med 118:1175-6; author reply 1176. 2005
  54. ncbi Conflicts of interest between physicians and the pharmaceutical industry and special interest groups
    Diane H Schetky
    University of Vermont College of Medicine at Maine Medical Center, Portland, Rockport, ME 04856, USA
    Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 17:113-25, ix-x. 2008
    ..This article explores the relevant pressing ethical issues and proposals for changing course and managing these potentially troublesome relationships...
  55. ncbi Who rules the great Indian drug bazaar?
    Nobhojit Roy
    Department of Surgery, BARC Hospital, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai 400094, India
    Indian J Med Ethics 1:2-3. 2004
  56. ncbi Health industry practices that create conflicts of interest: a policy proposal for academic medical centers
    Troyen A Brennan
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 295:429-33. 2006
    ..We propose a policy under which academic medical centers would take the lead in eliminating the conflicts of interest that still characterize the relationship between physicians and the health care industry...
  57. ncbi The ethics of engagement with the pharmaceutical industry
    Nat Almirall
    Mich Med 105:10-2. 2006
  58. ncbi On the need for probity when physicians interact with industry
    I A Scott
    Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Intern Med J 36:265-9. 2006
    ....
  59. ncbi Madison hospitals say no to food, gifts, trinkets
    Cheryl A Thompson
    Am J Health Syst Pharm 63:2438, 2441. 2006
  60. ncbi All gifts large and small: toward an understanding of the ethics of pharmaceutical industry gift-giving
    Dana Katz
    University of Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Bioeth 3:39-46. 2003
    ..Policies and guidelines that rely on arbitrary value limits for gift-giving or receipt should be reevaluated...
  61. ncbi A matter of influence
    Howard Brody
    Center for Ethics and Humanities in the Life Sciences, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 21:232-4. 2002
  62. ncbi The benefits and risks of a pack of M&Ms
    Bert Spilker
    Pharmaccutical Research and Manufacturers of America PhRMA, Washington, DC, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 21:243-4. 2002
  63. pmc Alteplase for stroke: money and optimistic claims buttress the "brain attack" campaign
    Jeanne Lenzer
    Oak Ridge Journalism, Ellenville, NY 12428, USA
    BMJ 324:723-9. 2002
  64. ncbi Gifts. What's all the fuss about?
    Dennis Murray
    Med Econ 79:119-20. 2002
  65. ncbi Taking money from the drug industry: the rules tighten
    Carl Elliott
    Hastings Cent Rep 33:6-7. 2003
  66. ncbi No free lunch
    Paul Jung
    Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 21:226-31. 2002
  67. ncbi The death of common sense
    Howard Trachtman
    Schneider Children s Hospital, USA
    Am J Bioeth 3:W31-W32. 2003
  68. pmc Who pays for the pizza? Redefining the relationships between doctors and drug companies. 1: entanglement
    Ray Moynihan
    BMJ 326:1189-92. 2003
  69. ncbi Teaching engineering ethics using role-playing in a culturally diverse student group
    Robert H Prince
    York University, Dept of Physics and Astronomy, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Toronto, Canada M3J 1P3
    Sci Eng Ethics 12:321-6. 2006
    ..The method is now being adopted in a short course format to assist the professional integration of foreign trained engineers...
  70. ncbi Professional ethics and professional etiquette in dentistry: are they compatible?
    ERNEST NEWBRUN
    University of California San Francisco, School of Dentistry, USA
    J Hist Dent 55:119-25; discussion 171-85. 2007
    ..Of course these issues are not unique to dentistry; they apply to all health care providers. Nor is this a new problem, but it requires fixing for the future of ethical dental practice...
  71. pmc Monitoring compliance with the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes in west Africa: multisite cross sectional survey in Togo and Burkina Faso
    Victor M Aguayo
    Helen Keller International, Regional Office for Africa, New York, NY 10010, USA
    BMJ 326:127. 2003
    ..To monitor compliance with the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes in health systems, sales outlets, distribution points, and the news media in Togo and Burkina Faso, west Africa...
  72. pmc Show us the money: lessons in transparency from state pharmaceutical marketing disclosure laws
    Susan Chimonas
    Center on Medicine as a Profession, Columbia University, 630 West 168th Street, P and S Box 11, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Health Serv Res 45:98-114. 2010
    ..To assess legislation requiring drug companies to report gifts to providers, and to evaluate the information obtained...
  73. ncbi [Opinions of the participants of 'Quit and Win' competition concerning prizes motivating to refrain from smoking]
    Alina Kowalska
    Katedra Medycyny Społecznej i Zapobiegawczej Uniwersytet Medyczny, Łódź
    Przegl Lek 66:809-12. 2009
    ..In the opinion of majority of the respondents who were laureates of competitions as chosen at random, competitions with prizes organized at the end of campaigns are an effective method of antinicotine prevention...
  74. ncbi The use of the female condom by women in Brazil participating in HIV prevention education sessions
    Elisabeth Meloni Vieira
    University of Sao Paulo, Medical School of Ribeirao Preto, Department of Social Medicine, Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 15:373-9. 2004
    ....
  75. pmc Effects of an educational intervention on residents' knowledge and attitudes toward interactions with pharmaceutical representatives
    J A Hopper
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Mich. 48201, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 12:639-42. 1997
    ..05), and that other physicians' prescribing patterns could be negatively influenced through the acceptance of gifts (p < .05). A brief educational intervention can change resident attitudes concerning physician interactions with PRs...
  76. ncbi Token transfers among great apes (Gorilla gorilla, Pongo pygmaeus, Pan paniscus, and Pan troglodytes): species differences, gestural requests, and reciprocal exchange
    Marie Pelé
    Departement Ecologie, Physiologie, and Ethologie, Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique, Universite de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France
    J Comp Psychol 123:375-84. 2009
    ..This raises the question of the meaning of pointing in great apes and their ability to understand the communicative intent of others...
  77. pmc Observations on ethical problems and terminal care
    D S Fischer
    Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut
    Yale J Biol Med 65:105-20. 1992
    ..This practice increases the cost of the drugs and is, in effect, a "sick tax," which is morally wrong...
  78. ncbi Sara s. Sparrow (1933-2010)
    Alice S Carter
    University of Massachusetts
    Am Psychol 66:144. 2011
    ..A memorial fund has been established at the Yale Child Study Center in her name. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)...
  79. pmc Risk factors for domestic physical violence: national cross-sectional household surveys in eight southern African countries
    Neil Andersson
    Centro de Investigación de Enfermedades Tropicales CIET, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero, Acapulco, Mexico
    BMC Womens Health 7:11. 2007
    ..The baseline to assess impact of a mass education-entertainment programme offered an opportunity to identify risk factors for domestic physical violence...
  80. ncbi A national program for nondirected kidney donation from living unrelated donors: the Philippine experience
    M N Manauis
    National Kidney and Transplant Institute, Quezon City, Philippines
    Transplant Proc 40:2100-3. 2008
    ..The objectives of this study are to describe the mechanism of the program and to present initial donor outcome...
  81. ncbi Male courtship attractiveness and paternity success in Photinus greeni fireflies
    Kristian C Demary
    Department of Biology, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155, USA
    Evolution 61:431-9. 2007
    ..These results indicate that it is crucial for future studies on sexual selection in polyandrous species to integrate both precopulatory and postcopulatory episodes to fully understand the evolution of male traits...
  82. ncbi Forty years of publication of transplantation proceedings--the second decade: the cyclosporine revolution
    Barry D Kahan
    Division of Immunology and Organ Transplantation, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Transplant Proc 41:1423-37. 2009
    ..Transplantation had now achieved its rightful place in the clinical armamentarium...
  83. ncbi A typology of groups at risk of HIV/STI in a gold mining town in north-western Tanzania
    Nicola Desmond
    National Institute for Medical Research, NIMR AMREF LSHTM Collaborative Projects, PO Box 11936, Mwanza, Tanzania
    Soc Sci Med 60:1739-49. 2005
    ..The methodology also enabled an approach to interventions sensitive to different circumstances associated with risk within the town while identifying structural factors affecting risk at the level of the town as a whole...
  84. pmc Infection increases the value of nuptial gifts, and hence male reproductive success, in the Hymenolepis diminuta-Tenebrio molitor association
    Hilary Hurd
    The Centre for Applied Entomology and Parasitology, School of Life Sciences, University of Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 270:S172-4. 2003
    ....
  85. ncbi Burnt wives: a study of homicides
    Virendra Kumar
    Dept of Forensic Medicine, KMC, Manipal 576104, Karnataka, India
    Med Sci Law 44:55-60. 2004
    ..Many of them were doused with kerosene and set alight. Most died at the time of the incident or within the subsequent 24 hours, most commonly from shock...
  86. ncbi Sexual selection in the gift-giving dance fly, Rhamphomyia sulcata, favors small males carrying small gifts
    Natasha R Lebas
    Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9TH, United Kingdom
    Evolution 58:1763-72. 2004
    ..These findings highlight the role correlational sexual selection can play in optimizing nonsexual male morphology and scaling relationships. This study questions the role of the nuptial gift in dance flies as a resource for females...
  87. ncbi Burnt wives--a study of suicides
    Virendra Kumar
    Department of Forensic Medicine, KMC, 576119, Karnataka, Manipal, India
    Burns 29:31-5. 2003
    ..Most died at the time of the incident or within the subsequent 24h, most commonly from shock...
  88. ncbi An economic and ethical approach to charity and to charity endowments
    John E Core
    Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania
    Rev Soc Econ 68:261-84. 2010
    ....
  89. ncbi Adolescent girls with illegally induced abortion in Dar es Salaam: the discrepancy between sexual behaviour and lack of access to contraception
    V Rasch
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Odense University Hospital, DK 5000 Odense C, Denmark
    Reprod Health Matters 8:52-62. 2000
    ..There is a need for youth-friendly family planning services and to make abortion safe and legal, in order to reduce unwanted pregnancies and abortion-related complications and deaths among adolescent girls...
  90. pmc A comparison of physicians' and patients' attitudes toward pharmaceutical industry gifts
    R V Gibbons
    Department of Medicine, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 13:151-4. 1998
    ..Broader dissemination of guidelines may be one means of changing physician behavior. At the same time, future guidelines should further consider the potentially different viewpoints of patients and physicians...
  91. pmc How are health professionals earning their living in Malawi?
    Adamson S Muula
    Department of Community Health, University of Malawi, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:97. 2006
    ..Oftentimes however, it is the reasons for the out-migration that have been described in the literature. The work and domestic situations of those health professionals continuing to serve in their posts have not been adequately studied...
  92. ncbi Sex chromosomes behavior and G-banding treatment of male meiosis in nuptial gift-giving spiders of the family Trechaleidae
    Maria J Albo
    Laboratory of Ethology, Ecology and Evolution, Clemente Estable Biological Research Institute, Montevideo, Uruguay
    Integr Zool 6:56-62. 2011
    ..biocellata. The special behavior of sex chromosomes in T. biocellata as well as the different G-banding pattern of this species suggests the existence of novel modifications in this species...
  93. ncbi Magazines for children and young people and the links to Internet food marketing: a review of the extent and type of food advertising
    Gill Cowburn
    British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Rosemary Rue Building, Old Road Campus, Headington, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Public Health Nutr 10:1024-31. 2007
    ..To examine the nature of the link between food advertising in UK magazines aimed at children and young people and Internet food marketing, to establish whether consideration should be given to tightening existing controls...
  94. ncbi Titmuss and the gift relationship: altruism revisited
    F L Rapport
    Research Consultant, Research and Development Support Unit, Swansea Clinical School, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea, UK
    J Adv Nurs 40:495-503. 2002
    ....
  95. ncbi Romantic relationships and their social context among gay/bisexual male youth in the Castro District of San Francisco
    Stephen L Eyre
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    J Homosex 53:1-29. 2007
    ..quot;Drama," a hallmark of gay youth, is viewed in the context of romantic culture...
  96. pmc Death feigning in the face of sexual cannibalism
    Trine Bilde
    Department of Ecology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 540, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
    Biol Lett 2:23-5. 2006
    ..We propose that death feigning evolved as an adaptive male mating strategy in conjunction with nuptial gift giving under the risk of being victimized by females.
  97. ncbi Selection on body size and sexual size dimorphism differs between host species in a seed-feeding beetle
    C W Fox
    Department of Entomology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546 0091, USA
    J Evol Biol 19:1167-74. 2006
    ..male size. Researchers working on other study systems should be alerted to the possible importance of subtle, but consequential, indirect selection on their study organisms...
  98. ncbi In-kind drug donations for Tanzania. Stakeholders' views--a questionnaire survey
    Gaby Gehler Mariacher
    Swiss Tropical Institute, PO Box, 4002 Basel, Switzerland
    World Health Popul 9:74-99. 2007
    ....
  99. ncbi Sexual behaviors and other HIV risk factors in circumcised and uncircumcised men in Uganda
    R C Bailey
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60302, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 22:294-301. 1999
    ..To study the differences in sexual practices, hygienic behaviors, and other HIV risk factors between circumcised and uncircumcised men...
  100. pmc Transactional sex amongst young people in rural northern Tanzania: an ethnography of young women's motivations and negotiation
    Joyce Wamoyi
    National Institute for Medical Research, Mwanza, Tanzania
    Reprod Health 7:2. 2010
    ..abstract:..
  101. ncbi Institutional leadership and faculty response: fostering professionalism at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
    Alan G Wasserstein
    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Acad Med 82:1049-56. 2007
    ..The understanding and endorsement of faculty, staff, and trainees are an essential element of the professionalism effort...

Research Grants35

  1. Regional Biocontainment Laboratory
    Charles Bailey; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The Provost and Chief Financial Officer have committed the University to pay these costs as appropriate should they exceed the balance of the start-up contingency fund. ..
  2. A Primary Prevention Trial to Strengthen Child Attachment in a Native Community
    Dedra S Buchwald; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..By promoting sensitive caregiving and child attachment security, we can minimize the impact of contextual stressors on children living on the Fort Peck reservation and, foster resilience, and improve their risk outlook. ..
  3. Social Game to Improve Hearing Health Care Outcomes
    BRUNO KAJIYAMA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Innovation: research on social game-based interventions is an unexplored field. NC is one of the first Facebook social games for NIHL prevention (if not the first). ..
  4. Using game mechanics to improve outcomes among stem cell transplant survivors
    Dongsong Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Exploring the Interactions Between Nurses and Industry in Clinical Practice
    Quinn Grundy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research will generate new knowledge about an understudied phenomenon with potential implications for the quality, safety and cost of health care delivery. ..
  6. Beauveriolide-Derived Cyclodepsipeptides as a New Class of Anti-Alzheimer's Drugs
    Paul Wentworth; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project describes the development of a new class of compounds that may prevent and/or AD. ..
  7. Positive Psychology to Promote Adherence in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes
    SARAH SANDERS JASER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results from the proposed study will provide the basis for a large scale randomized clinical trial of the intervention. ..
  8. Investigating the scope of tobacco industry direct mail and its impact on smoking
    Jane Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This knowledge will contribute to the evidence base for further research and initiatives to counter the influence of tobacco industry direct mail. ..
  9. Behavioral Economics: Evaluation of a Rewards Program for Preventive Care
    Roland Sturm; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..e. individual only having health insurance, but not participating in the reward program). ..
  10. EXPENDITURE FLOWS NEAR WIDOWHOOD
    Jessie Fan; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..It is anticipated that households where a spouse is about to die will be spending more on health care and gift giving than otherwise comparable households where no death is about to occur...
  11. FMRI FACILITY FOR THE BRAIN IMAGING CENTER
    David Bailey; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..With the proposed project, the potential for scientific advances and attracting new research funding is greatly enhanced. ..
  12. Acquisition of 800 MHz NMR System with Cryogenic Probe
    Gaetano Montelione; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, the instrumentation will be used to support research in high-throughput protein structure production by the NIH-funded Northeast Structural Genomics Consortium. ..
  13. Academic Industry Relationships in Genetics
    Eric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results will be disseminated through publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at scientific meetings. ..
  14. Government Industry Relationships in Science
    Eric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Academic Industry Relationships Among IRB Members
    Eric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results will be disseminated through publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at scientific meetings. ..
  16. Data Sharing & Data Withholding Among Trainees in Scien*
    Eric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Hypotheses will be tested using univariate and multivariate statistical techniques. Results will be disseminated through publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at scientific meetings. ..
  17. SMS Turkey: Harnessing the power of TXT messaging to promote smoking cessation
    Michele Ybarra; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The high reach of cell phones allows us to potentially reach smokers who would otherwise not utilize traditional smoking cessation services, representing the possibility of a large public health impact. ..
  18. Randomized trial of HIV / STD prevention in Zimbabwean youth
    Frances Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The most valid method will then be used in the final outcomes survey for the parent trial. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  19. Molecular genetics of egg activation and pronuclear function in Drosophila
    MARIANA FEDERICA WOLFNER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus, we exploit the powerful genetics of Drosophila to elucidate efficiently the molecules and gene pathways needed to start development in humans. ..
  20. Women's Empowerment and Child Survival in the Historical United States
    Norman Miller; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..By developing and disseminating newly digitized historical state-level mortality data, this project will aid other researchers working in this area as well. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Asset-Ownership Development Among HIV-Orphaned Children
    FRED SSEWAMALA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The family economic empowerment intervention has high levels of family and community involvement, a feature very appealing to the governments and donor community. ..
  22. PHARMACOLOGY OF CYCLOSPORINE BASED IMMUNOSUPPRESSION
    Barry Kahan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  23. Improving the Ethics of Consent in Drug Abuse Research
    David S Festinger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Importantly, this study will also assist in achieving ARRA aims by stimulating economic growth through the hiring and continued funding of entry and upper level personnel in Philadelphia, PA and Wilmington, DE. ..
  24. Downsizing Possessions for Residential Moves in Later Life
    David J Ekerdt; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings of this study will be of widespread interest and assistance to the general public of aged and aging adults and to geriatric care managers, health personnel, social service providers, housing specialists, and attorneys. ..
  25. CASE CONTROL STUDY OF STATIN USE AND LARGE BOWEL CANCER
    Patricia Coogan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..S. men and women are high, an inverse association would be of considerable public health importance. Moreover, it would shed light on a mechanism of colon carcinogenesis. ..
  26. TETRAHYMENA GENOME PROJECT
    Eduardo Orias; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Respondent Burden and Retention in Cancer Clinical Trials
    Connie Ulrich; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Early identification and pre-emptive interventions prior to encountering retention problems in cancer clinical trials may mitigate respondent burden and lead to completion of important, resource intensive clinical trials. ..
  28. Ethics and Safeguards in Psychiatric Research
    Laura W Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our proposed endeavor will generate new knowledge for wide dissemination and publication that can inform future evidence-based PGR ethics guidelines and generate further empirical ethics research on PGR. ..
  29. Effect of Urban Form on Exercise and BMI in Black Women
    Patricia Coogan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed study has the potential to provide such evidence and to impact policy in the domains of both transportation/urban planning and public health. ..
  30. LTC Policies and Elderly Living and Care Arrangements
    Liliana Pezzin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. Executive Function & Context-consistent Rules
    JESSICA KIERAS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A better understanding of these issues can be applied to design self-regulation training programs that can be used to help children and adults who have disorders related to difficulties with self-regulation. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Ethics of Participant Payment in Drug Abuse Research
    DAVID FESTINGER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., contingency management protocols; employment, public assistance), and to determine whether higher magnitudes of payments contribute to higher follow-up rates. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. PSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH ETHICS: SCIENCE AND SAFEGUARDS
    Laura Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Through the plan for development of my research career, I hope to contribute to the advancement of vital, ethically sound research involving mentally ill people and members of other special and potentially vulnerable, populations. ..