cooperative behavior

Summary

Summary: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)

Top Publications

  1. pmc Five rules for the evolution of cooperation
    Martin A Nowak
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, and Department of Mathematics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 314:1560-3. 2006
  2. ncbi Coevolutionary games--a mini review
    Matjaz Perc
    Department of Physics, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Maribor, Koroska cesta 160, Maribor, Slovenia
    Biosystems 99:109-25. 2010
  3. ncbi Altruistic punishment in humans
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 415:137-40. 2002
  4. pmc A simple rule for the evolution of cooperation on graphs and social networks
    Hisashi Ohtsuki
    Department of Biology, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812 8581, Japan
    Nature 441:502-5. 2006
  5. ncbi The nature of human altruism
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 425:785-91. 2003
  6. ncbi Collaborative care for depression: a cumulative meta-analysis and review of longer-term outcomes
    Simon Gilbody
    Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, England
    Arch Intern Med 166:2314-21. 2006
  7. ncbi Social diversity promotes the emergence of cooperation in public goods games
    Francisco C Santos
    Institut de Recherches Interdisciplinaires et de Développements en Intelligence Artificielle IRIDIA, Computer and Decision Engineering Department, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Nature 454:213-6. 2008
  8. ncbi Spatial structure often inhibits the evolution of cooperation in the snowdrift game
    Christoph Hauert
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Nature 428:643-6. 2004
  9. pmc Heterogeneous networks do not promote cooperation when humans play a Prisoner's Dilemma
    Carlos Gracia-Lázaro
    Instituto de Biocomputación y Física de Sistemas Complejos, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:12922-6. 2012
  10. ncbi Scale-free networks provide a unifying framework for the emergence of cooperation
    F C Santos
    GADGET, Apartado 1329, 1009 001 Lisbon, Portugal
    Phys Rev Lett 95:098104. 2005

Detail Information

Publications269 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Five rules for the evolution of cooperation
    Martin A Nowak
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, and Department of Mathematics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 314:1560-3. 2006
    ..For each mechanism, a simple rule is derived that specifies whether natural selection can lead to cooperation...
  2. ncbi Coevolutionary games--a mini review
    Matjaz Perc
    Department of Physics, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Maribor, Koroska cesta 160, Maribor, Slovenia
    Biosystems 99:109-25. 2010
    ..fact that the evolution of strategies alone may be insufficient to fully exploit the benefits offered by cooperative behavior. Indeed, while spatial structure and heterogeneity, for example, have been recognized as potent promoters ..
  3. ncbi Altruistic punishment in humans
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 415:137-40. 2002
    ..These results suggest that future study of the evolution of human cooperation should include a strong focus on explaining altruistic punishment...
  4. pmc A simple rule for the evolution of cooperation on graphs and social networks
    Hisashi Ohtsuki
    Department of Biology, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812 8581, Japan
    Nature 441:502-5. 2006
    ..In this case, cooperation can evolve as a consequence of 'social viscosity' even in the absence of reputation effects or strategic complexity...
  5. ncbi The nature of human altruism
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 425:785-91. 2003
    ..Current gene-based evolutionary theories cannot explain important patterns of human altruism, pointing towards the importance of both theories of cultural evolution as well as gene-culture co-evolution...
  6. ncbi Collaborative care for depression: a cumulative meta-analysis and review of longer-term outcomes
    Simon Gilbody
    Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, England
    Arch Intern Med 166:2314-21. 2006
    ....
  7. ncbi Social diversity promotes the emergence of cooperation in public goods games
    Francisco C Santos
    Institut de Recherches Interdisciplinaires et de Développements en Intelligence Artificielle IRIDIA, Computer and Decision Engineering Department, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Nature 454:213-6. 2008
    ..Combining social diversity with reputation and punishment will provide instrumental clues on the self-organization of social communities and their economical implications...
  8. ncbi Spatial structure often inhibits the evolution of cooperation in the snowdrift game
    Christoph Hauert
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Nature 428:643-6. 2004
    ..In particular, spatial structure eliminates cooperation if the cost-to-benefit ratio of cooperation is high. Our results caution against the common belief that spatial structure is necessarily beneficial for cooperative behaviour...
  9. pmc Heterogeneous networks do not promote cooperation when humans play a Prisoner's Dilemma
    Carlos Gracia-Lázaro
    Instituto de Biocomputación y Física de Sistemas Complejos, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:12922-6. 2012
    ..Our results, which are in agreement with recent theoretical predictions based on this behavioral rule, suggest that population structure has little relevance as a cooperation promoter or inhibitor among humans...
  10. ncbi Scale-free networks provide a unifying framework for the emergence of cooperation
    F C Santos
    GADGET, Apartado 1329, 1009 001 Lisbon, Portugal
    Phys Rev Lett 95:098104. 2005
    ..Such emergence is shown to be inhibited whenever the correlations between individuals are decreased or removed. These results are shown to apply from very large population sizes down to small communities with nearly 100 individuals...
  11. ncbi Evolution of indirect reciprocity
    Martin A Nowak
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Nature 437:1291-8. 2005
    ..The evolution of cooperation by indirect reciprocity leads to reputation building, morality judgement and complex social interactions with ever-increasing cognitive demands...
  12. pmc The structure of scientific collaboration networks
    M E Newman
    Santa Fe Institute, 1399 Hyde Park Road, Santa Fe, NM 87501, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:404-9. 2001
    ....
  13. ncbi Antisocial punishment across societies
    Benedikt Herrmann
    Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economics, University of Nottingham, School of Economics, Sir Clive Granger Building, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Science 319:1362-7. 2008
    ..Our results show that punishment opportunities are socially beneficial only if complemented by strong social norms of cooperation...
  14. ncbi The role of diversity in the evolution of cooperation
    Francisco C Santos
    Departamento de Informática and Centria, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829 516 Caparica, Portugal
    J Theor Biol 299:88-96. 2012
    Understanding the evolutionary mechanisms that promote and maintain cooperative behavior is recognized as a major theoretical problem where the intricacy increases with the complexity of the participating individuals...
  15. ncbi Evolution of indirect reciprocity by image scoring
    M A Nowak
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK
    Nature 393:573-7. 1998
    ..We propose that the emergence of indirect reciprocity was a decisive step for the evolution of human societies...
  16. pmc Evolutionary establishment of moral and double moral standards through spatial interactions
    Dirk Helbing
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    PLoS Comput Biol 6:e1000758. 2010
    ..from punishment efforts (called "cooperators" or "second-order free-riders"), cooperators who punish non-cooperative behavior ("moralists"), and defectors, who punish other defectors despite being non-cooperative themselves ("..
  17. pmc Via freedom to coercion: the emergence of costly punishment
    Christoph Hauert
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Department of Mathematics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 316:1905-7. 2007
    In human societies, cooperative behavior in joint enterprises is often enforced through institutions that impose sanctions on defectors...
  18. pmc Winners don't punish
    Anna Dreber
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Nature 452:348-51. 2008
    ..Those people who gain the highest total payoff tend not to use costly punishment: winners don't punish. This suggests that costly punishment behaviour is maladaptive in cooperation games and might have evolved for other reasons...
  19. pmc Heterogeneous aspirations promote cooperation in the prisoner's dilemma game
    Matjaz Perc
    Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Maribor, Slovenia
    PLoS ONE 5:e15117. 2010
    ..Our study indicates that heterogeneity in aspirations may be key for the sustainability of cooperation in structured populations...
  20. pmc Snowdrift game dynamics and facultative cheating in yeast
    Jeff Gore
    Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Nature 459:253-6. 2009
    ..Finally, we note that glucose repression of invertase expression in wild-type cells produces a strategy that is optimal for the snowdrift game-wild-type cells cooperate only when competing against cheater cells...
  21. pmc Evolutionary dynamics of social dilemmas in structured heterogeneous populations
    F C Santos
    Institut de Recherches Interdisciplinaires et de Développements en Intelligence Artificielle, CP 194 6, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:3490-4. 2006
    ..that, for all dilemmas, increasing heterogeneity favors the emergence of cooperation, such that long-term cooperative behavior easily resists short-term noncooperative behavior...
  22. ncbi Understanding and sharing intentions: the origins of cultural cognition
    Michael Tomasello
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Behav Brain Sci 28:675-91; discussion 691-735. 2005
    ..The developmental outcome is children's ability to construct dialogic cognitive representations, which enable them to participate in earnest in the collectivity that is human cognition...
  23. ncbi Emergence of cooperation and evolutionary stability in finite populations
    Martin A Nowak
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Nature 428:646-50. 2004
    ..We specify the conditions required for natural selection to favour the emergence of cooperation and define evolutionary stability in finite populations...
  24. ncbi Central challenges facing the national clinical research enterprise
    Nancy S Sung
    Burroughs Wellcome Fund, PO Box 13901, 21 T W Alexander Dr, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    JAMA 289:1278-87. 2003
    ....
  25. ncbi "Economic man" in cross-cultural perspective: behavioral experiments in 15 small-scale societies
    Joseph Henrich
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 28:795-815; discussion 815-55. 2005
    ..Fifth, in many cases experimental play appears to reflect the common interactional patterns of everyday life...
  26. ncbi Social evaluation by preverbal infants
    J Kiley Hamlin
    Yale University, Department of Psychology, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8205, USA
    Nature 450:557-9. 2007
    ..This capacity may serve as the foundation for moral thought and action, and its early developmental emergence supports the view that social evaluation is a biological adaptation...
  27. ncbi The long-run benefits of punishment
    Simon Gächter
    Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economics, University of Nottingham, School of Economics, Sir Clive Granger Building, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Science 322:1510. 2008
    ..We compared 10- and 50-period cooperation experiments. With the longer time horizon, punishment is unambiguously beneficial...
  28. pmc Dynamic social networks promote cooperation in experiments with humans
    David G Rand
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Department of Psychology, Institute for Quantitative Social Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19193-8. 2011
    ..Our experiments confirm the predictions of a set of evolutionary game theoretic models and demonstrate the important role that dynamic social networks can play in supporting large-scale human cooperation...
  29. ncbi Markets, religion, community size, and the evolution of fairness and punishment
    Joseph Henrich
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Science 327:1480-4. 2010
    ..These results suggest that modern prosociality is not solely the product of an innate psychology, but also reflects norms and institutions that have emerged over the course of human history...
  30. pmc Wikis, blogs and podcasts: a new generation of Web-based tools for virtual collaborative clinical practice and education
    Maged N Kamel Boulos
    Faculty of Health and Social Work, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth, Devon PL4 8AA, UK
    BMC Med Educ 6:41. 2006
    ..These audio and video files can be downloaded to portable media players that can be taken anywhere, providing the potential for "anytime, anywhere" learning experiences (mobile learning)...
  31. ncbi Collaborative care management of late-life depression in the primary care setting: a randomized controlled trial
    Jurgen Unutzer
    Center for Health Services Research, UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute, 10920 Wilshire Blvd, Suite 300, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    JAMA 288:2836-45. 2002
    ..Few depressed older adults receive effective treatment in primary care settings...
  32. ncbi An integrative model of shared decision making in medical encounters
    Gregory Makoul
    Program in Communication and Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Robert H Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 North St Clair, Suite 200, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 60:301-12. 2006
    ....
  33. ncbi Costly punishment across human societies
    Joseph Henrich
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Science 312:1767-70. 2006
    ..These findings are consistent with models of the gene-culture coevolution of human altruism and further sharpen what any theory of human cooperation needs to explain...
  34. ncbi Volunteering as Red Queen mechanism for cooperation in public goods games
    Christoph Hauert
    Institute for Mathematics, University of Vienna, Strudlhofgasse 4, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Science 296:1129-32. 2002
    ..Cooperation can subsist in sizable groups even if interactions are not repeated, defectors remain anonymous, players have no memory, and assortment is purely random...
  35. ncbi Social semantics: altruism, cooperation, mutualism, strong reciprocity and group selection
    S A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 20:415-32. 2007
    ..We draw examples from all areas, but especially recent work on humans and microbes...
  36. ncbi The efficient interaction of indirect reciprocity and costly punishment
    Bettina Rockenbach
    Department of Economics, University of Erfurt, Nordhäuser Strasse 63, D 99089 Erfurt, Germany
    Nature 444:718-23. 2006
    ..Because punishment and reputation building are omnipresent interacting forces in human societies, costly punishing should appear less destructive without losing its deterring force...
  37. ncbi Reputation helps solve the 'tragedy of the commons'
    Manfred Milinski
    Department of Evolutionary Ecology, Max Planck Institute of Limnology Plön, Germany
    Nature 415:424-6. 2002
    ..Alternating the games leads to higher profits for all players. As reputation may be a currency that is valid in many social games, our approach could be used to test social dilemmas for their solubility...
  38. ncbi Coordinated punishment of defectors sustains cooperation and can proliferate when rare
    Robert Boyd
    Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90064, USA
    Science 328:617-20. 2010
    ..We show that punishment can proliferate when rare, and when it does, it enhances group-average payoffs...
  39. pmc Why copy others? Insights from the social learning strategies tournament
    L Rendell
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Biology, University of St Andrews, Queen s Terrace, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9TS, UK
    Science 328:208-13. 2010
    ..The winning strategy (discountmachine) relied nearly exclusively on social learning and weighted information according to the time since acquisition...
  40. ncbi The conceptual basis for interprofessional collaboration: core concepts and theoretical frameworks
    Danielle D'Amour
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Interprof Care 19:116-31. 2005
    ....
  41. pmc Optimally interacting minds
    Bahador Bahrami
    University College London Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, Alexandra House, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Science 329:1081-5. 2010
    ..These seemingly discrepant patterns of group behavior can be explained by a model in which two heads are Bayes optimal under the assumption that individuals accurately communicate their level of confidence on every trial...
  42. ncbi Social learning promotes institutions for governing the commons
    Karl Sigmund
    Faculty of Mathematics, University of Vienna, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Nature 466:861-3. 2010
    ....
  43. pmc Wisdom of groups promotes cooperation in evolutionary social dilemmas
    Attila Szolnoki
    Institute of Technical Physics and Materials Science, Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P O Box 49, H 1525 Budapest, Hungary
    Sci Rep 2:576. 2012
    ..by pairwise or group interactions, we show that plugging into the "wisdom of groups" strongly promotes cooperative behavior. The more the wider knowledge is taken into account the more the evolution of defectors is impaired...
  44. ncbi Lab experiments for the study of social-ecological systems
    Marco A Janssen
    Arizona State University, Post Office Box 872402, Tempe, AZ 85287 2402, USA
    Science 328:613-7. 2010
    ..These findings illustrate the importance of careful generalization from the laboratory to the world of policy...
  45. pmc The evolution of antisocial punishment in optional public goods games
    David G Rand
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Nat Commun 2:434. 2011
    ..As opposed to an altruistic act that promotes cooperation, punishment is mostly a self-interested tool for protecting oneself against potential competitors...
  46. ncbi The neuropeptide oxytocin regulates parochial altruism in intergroup conflict among humans
    Carsten K W De Dreu
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Science 328:1408-11. 2010
    ..Results showed that oxytocin drives a "tend and defend" response in that it promoted in-group trust and cooperation, and defensive, but not offensive, aggression toward competing out-groups...
  47. pmc Positive interactions promote public cooperation
    David G Rand
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 325:1272-5. 2009
    ..We conclude that reward outperforms punishment in repeated public goods games and that human cooperation in such repeated settings is best supported by positive interactions with others...
  48. pmc Emergence of responsible sanctions without second order free riders, antisocial punishment or spite
    Christian Hilbe
    Evolutionary Theory Group, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, D 24306 Plon, Germany
    Sci Rep 2:458. 2012
    ..Thus, our willingness to punish free riders is ultimately a selfish decision rather than an altruistic act; punishment serves as a warning, showing that one is not willing to accept unfair treatments...
  49. ncbi Evolutionary explanations for cooperation
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 17:R661-72. 2007
    ..Over the last 40 years, biologists have developed a theoretical framework that can explain cooperation at all these levels. Here, we summarise this theory, illustrate how it may be applied to real organisms and discuss future directions...
  50. ncbi Oxytocin and cooperation under conditions of uncertainty: the modulating role of incentives and social information
    Carolyn H Declerck
    University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics, Antwerpen, Belgium
    Horm Behav 57:368-74. 2010
    ..This study investigates how OT interacts with two well-studied determinants of cooperative behavior: incentives and social information...
  51. ncbi Reciprocity: weak or strong? What punishment experiments do (and do not) demonstrate
    Francesco Guala
    Department of Economics, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy
    Behav Brain Sci 35:1-15. 2012
    ..The lack of field evidence for costly punishment suggests important constraints about what forms of cooperation can or cannot be sustained by means of decentralised policing...
  52. ncbi Cleaner wrasses Labroides dimidiatus are more cooperative in the presence of an audience
    Ana Pinto
    Institute of Biology, University of Neuchatel, Rue Emile Argand 11, 2000 Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Curr Biol 21:1140-4. 2011
    ..In conclusion, the results demonstrate, for the first time, that image scoring by an audience indeed leads to increased levels of cooperation in a nonhuman animal...
  53. ncbi Does mobility decrease cooperation?
    Mendeli H Vainstein
    Instituto de Física and International Center of Condensed Matter Physics, Universidade de Brasilia, CP 04513, 70919 97 Brasília DF, Brazil
    J Theor Biol 244:722-8. 2007
    ..We find that cooperative behavior is not only possible but may even be enhanced by such an "always-move" rule, when compared with ..
  54. pmc Synergy and discounting of cooperation in social dilemmas
    Christoph Hauert
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
    J Theor Biol 239:195-202. 2006
    ..Generically, for groups of three or more interacting individuals further, more complex, dynamics can occur. Our framework provides the first unifying approach to model cooperation in different kinds of social dilemmas...
  55. ncbi Indirect reciprocity can stabilize cooperation without the second-order free rider problem
    Karthik Panchanathan
    Center for Behavior, Evolution, and Culture and Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Nature 432:499-502. 2004
    ..However, we also show that such a strategy cannot invade a population in which indirect reciprocity is not linked to collective action, thus leaving unexplained how collective action arises...
  56. ncbi Punish or perish? Retaliation and collaboration among humans
    Karl Sigmund
    Faculty for Mathematics, University of Vienna, Nordbergstrasse 15, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:593-600. 2007
    ....
  57. pmc Cooperative behavior cascades in human social networks
    James H Fowler
    Political Science Department, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92103, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:5334-8. 2010
    ..These results show experimentally that cooperative behavior cascades in human social networks.
  58. ncbi Effectiveness of collaborative care for older adults with Alzheimer disease in primary care: a randomized controlled trial
    Christopher M Callahan
    Indiana University Center for Aging Research, Regenstrief Institute Inc, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis 46202, USA
    JAMA 295:2148-57. 2006
    ..Most older adults with dementia will be cared for by primary care physicians, but the primary care practice environment presents important challenges to providing quality care...
  59. ncbi Social norms and human cooperation
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:185-90. 2004
    ..Moreover, the explicit study of sanctioning behavior provides instruments for measuring social norms and has also led to deeper insights into the proximate and ultimate forces behind human cooperation...
  60. ncbi Egalitarianism in young children
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 454:1079-83. 2008
    ....
  61. pmc Team assembly mechanisms determine collaboration network structure and team performance
    Roger Guimerà
    Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Science 308:697-702. 2005
    ..We find that team assembly mechanisms determine both the structure of the collaboration network and team performance for teams derived from both artistic and scientific fields...
  62. pmc Social experiments in the mesoscale: humans playing a spatial prisoner's dilemma
    Jelena Grujic
    Grupo Interdisciplinar de Sistemas Complejos, Departamento de Matematicas, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Leganes, Madrid, Spain
    PLoS ONE 5:e13749. 2010
    ..Therefore, experimental work suitably designed to address this question is needed to probe these issues...
  63. ncbi Putting the altruism back into altruism: the evolution of empathy
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and Psychology Department, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 59:279-300. 2008
    ..Empathy-induced altruism derives its strength from the emotional stake it offers the self in the other's welfare. The dynamics of the empathy mechanism agree with predictions from kin selection and reciprocal altruism theory...
  64. pmc Human strategy updating in evolutionary games
    Arne Traulsen
    Emmy Noether Group for Evolutionary Dynamics, and Department of Evolutionary Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, 24306 Plön, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:2962-6. 2010
    ..Our experimental approach to measure properties of the update mechanisms used in theoretical models will be useful for mathematical models of cultural evolution...
  65. ncbi Image scoring and cooperation in a cleaner fish mutualism
    Redouan Bshary
    University of Neuchatel, Department of Zoology, Rue Emile Argand 11, Case Postale 158, 2009 Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Nature 441:975-8. 2006
    ..Furthermore, trained cleaners learned to feed more cooperatively when in an 'image-scoring' than in a 'non-image-scoring' situation...
  66. pmc Bridging the gaps between research, policy and practice in low- and middle-income countries: a survey of researchers
    John N Lavis
    McMaster Health Forum, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont
    CMAJ 182:E350-61. 2010
    ..We surveyed researchers in 10 countries about their involvement in such efforts...
  67. ncbi Cooperation between non-kin in animal societies
    Tim Clutton-Brock
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB3 9EJ, UK
    Nature 462:51-7. 2009
    ....
  68. pmc The outbreak of cooperation among success-driven individuals under noisy conditions
    Dirk Helbing
    Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences, ETH Zurich, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, UNO D11, Universitätstrasse 41, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:3680-5. 2009
    ..The self-organization of cooperative behavior is particularly puzzling for social dilemmas related to sharing natural resources or creating common goods...
  69. pmc Empirical study of data sharing by authors publishing in PLoS journals
    Caroline J Savage
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e7078. 2009
    ..These policies are explicit, but remain largely untested. We sought to determine how well authors comply with such policies by requesting data from authors who had published in one of two journals with clear data sharing policies...
  70. ncbi Evolutionary games defined at the network mesoscale: the Public Goods game
    Jesús Gmez-Gardeñes
    Departamento de Matematica Aplicada, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, 28933 Mostoles, Madrid, Spain
    Chaos 21:016113. 2011
    ..We conclude by analyzing the influence of the size of the groups in the evolutionary success of cooperation...
  71. ncbi Coexistence of cooperation and defection in public goods games
    Marco Archetti
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Evolution 65:1140-8. 2011
    ..The coexistence of cooperators and defectors, therefore, is a typical outcome of most social dilemmas, which requires neither relatedness nor iterations...
  72. pmc Cooperation and contagion in web-based, networked public goods experiments
    Siddharth Suri
    Microeconomics and Social Systems, Yahoo Research, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e16836. 2011
    ..In total we report on 113 human subjects experiments, highlighting the speed, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness of web-based experiments over those conducted in physical labs...
  73. ncbi What fosters or prevents interprofessional teamworking in primary and community care? A literature review
    Andreas Xyrichis
    King s College London, The Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, James Clerk Maxwell Building, 57 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8WA, UK
    Int J Nurs Stud 45:140-53. 2008
    ..Although it is becoming widely accepted that no single discipline can provide complete care for patients with a long-term condition, in practice, interprofessional working is not always achieved...
  74. pmc The take-it-or-leave-it option allows small penalties to overcome social dilemmas
    Tatsuya Sasaki
    Evolution and Ecology Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, 2361 Laxenburg, Austria
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:1165-9. 2012
    ..We also demonstrate that punishing provides a "lighter touch" than rewarding, guaranteeing full cooperation at considerably lower cost...
  75. pmc Effects of intranasal oxytocin and vasopressin on cooperative behavior and associated brain activity in men
    James K Rilling
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 37:447-61. 2012
    ..These findings extend our knowledge of the neural and behavioral effects of OT and AVP to the context of genuine social interactions...
  76. ncbi The new cooperative medical scheme in China
    Xuedan You
    Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
    Health Policy 91:1-9. 2009
    ..Rigorous evaluations, based on richer and latest micro-level data, could considerably strengthen the evidence base for the performance and impact of NCMS...
  77. pmc Altruistic punishment and the origin of cooperation
    James H Fowler
    Department of Political Science, University of California, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:7047-9. 2005
    ..It also suggests that punishment can only enforce payoff-improving strategies, contrary to a widely cited "folk theorem" result that suggests that punishment can allow the evolution of any strategy...
  78. pmc Cues of being watched enhance cooperation in a real-world setting
    Melissa Bateson
    Evolution and Behaviour Research Group, School of Biology and Psychology, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
    Biol Lett 2:412-4. 2006
    ..This finding provides the first evidence from a naturalistic setting of the importance of cues of being watched, and hence reputational concerns, on human cooperative behaviour...
  79. ncbi Game theory and human evolution: a critique of some recent interpretations of experimental games
    Edward H Hagen
    Institute for Theoretical Biology, Humboldt University, Invalidenstr 43, 10115 Berlin, Germany
    Theor Popul Biol 69:339-48. 2006
    ..We critically review this explanation. We conclude that experimental results reveal limits in two implicit models of cognitive structure commonly employed by economists and evolutionary biologists...
  80. pmc The interplay of cognition and cooperation
    Sarah F Brosnan
    Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2699-710. 2010
    ..This paper spans the literature from bacteria to humans in our search for the key variables that link cooperation and deception to cognition...
  81. ncbi Altruism, spite, and greenbeards
    Stuart A West
    Department of Zoology, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 327:1341-4. 2010
    ..represented by the sterile workers of social insects, driven by genetics or ecology? Does spite really exist in nature? And, can altruism be favored between individuals who are not close kin but share a "greenbeard" gene for altruism?..
  82. ncbi Patient self-management of chronic disease in primary care
    Thomas Bodenheimer
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    JAMA 288:2469-75. 2002
    ..Self-management education for chronic illness may soon become an integral part of high-quality primary care...
  83. pmc Anti-social punishment can prevent the co-evolution of punishment and cooperation
    David G Rand
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    J Theor Biol 265:624-32. 2010
    ..Our results also help to make sense of the empirical observation that defectors will sometimes pay to punish cooperators...
  84. ncbi Human behaviour: don't lose your reputation
    Ernst Fehr
    Nature 432:449-50. 2004
  85. ncbi Cooperation through image scoring in humans
    C Wedekind
    Abteilung Verhaltensökologie, Zoologisches Institut, Universitat Bern, 3032 Hinterkappelen, Switzerland
    Science 288:850-2. 2000
    ..Donations were more frequent to receivers who had been generous to others in earlier interactions. This shows that image scoring promotes cooperative behavior in situations where direct reciprocity is unlikely.
  86. ncbi Assortment and the evolution of generalized reciprocity
    Daniel J Rankin
    Division of Behavioral Ecology, Institute of Ecology and Evolution, University of Bern, Wohlenstrasse 50a, CH 3032 Hinterkappelen, Switzerland
    Evolution 63:1913-22. 2009
    ..We show that generalized reciprocity can evolve under both the prisoner's dilemma and the snowdrift game...
  87. ncbi The leading eight: social norms that can maintain cooperation by indirect reciprocity
    Hisashi Ohtsuki
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812 8581, Japan
    J Theor Biol 239:435-44. 2006
    ..Second, we prove the two basic properties of the leading eight, which give a quantitative evaluation of the ESS condition and the level of cooperation maintained at the ESS...
  88. pmc Mesoscopic structure conditions the emergence of cooperation on social networks
    Sergi Lozano
    ETH Zurich, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 3:e1892. 2008
    ..We study the evolutionary Prisoner's Dilemma on two social networks substrates obtained from actual relational data...
  89. ncbi Quality collaboratives: lessons from research
    J Øvretveit
    The Nordic School of Public Health, Goteborg, Sweden The Health Services Management Centre, Birmingham University, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 11:345-51. 2002
    ....
  90. pmc Indirect reciprocity provides only a narrow margin of efficiency for costly punishment
    Hisashi Ohtsuki
    Department of Value and Decision Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152 8552, Japan
    Nature 457:79-82. 2009
    ..In most cases the population does better by not using costly punishment. The efficient strategy for indirect reciprocity is to withhold help for defectors rather than punishing them...
  91. ncbi Primary care - mental health collaboration: an example of assessing usual practice and potential barriers
    Jacqueline J Fickel
    Veterans Administration, Health Services Research and Development Service, Center for the Study of Healthcare Provider Behavior, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Interprof Care 21:207-16. 2007
    ..We identify strategies that can help overcome the barriers to collaboration that our informants most commonly identified...
  92. ncbi Why people punish defectors. Weak conformist transmission can stabilize costly enforcement of norms in cooperative dilemmas
    J Henrich
    University of Michigan, 701 Tappan Road, D3276, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1234, USA
    J Theor Biol 208:79-89. 2001
    ..fail to punish non-cooperators), then an arbitrarily small amount of conformist transmission will stabilize cooperative behavior by stabilizing punishment at some n -th stage...
  93. pmc Heritability of cooperative behavior in the trust game
    David Cesarini
    Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 50 Memorial Drive, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:3721-6. 2008
    Although laboratory experiments document cooperative behavior in humans, little is known about the extent to which individual differences in cooperativeness result from genetic and environmental variation...
  94. ncbi Did warfare among ancestral hunter-gatherers affect the evolution of human social behaviors?
    Samuel Bowles
    Santa Fe Institute, 1399 Hyde Park Road, Santa Fe, NM 87501, USA
    Science 324:1293-8. 2009
    ....
  95. pmc Cooperators benefit through reputation-based partner choice in economic games
    Karolina Sylwester
    Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Henry Wellcome Building, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
    Biol Lett 6:659-62. 2010
    ..Furthermore, while indirect reciprocity depends upon individuals giving preference to those of good standing, CA can explain unconditional cooperation...
  96. pmc On the psychology of cooperation in humans and other primates: combining the natural history and experimental evidence of prosociality
    Adrian V Jaeggi
    Anthropological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2723-35. 2010
    ..We discuss ultimate explanations for these derived features, in particular the adoption of cooperative breeding as well as concern for reputation and costly signalling during human evolution...
  97. pmc Resistance to extreme strategies, rather than prosocial preferences, can explain human cooperation in public goods games
    Rolf Kümmerli
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:10125-30. 2010
    ..More generally, our results illustrate the caution that must be exercised when interpreting the evolutionary implications of economic experiments, especially the absolute level of cooperation in a particular treatment...
  98. ncbi Integrating mental health into primary care within the Veterans Health Administration
    Edward P Post
    Veterans Affairs Central Office, Ann Arbor Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Fam Syst Health 28:83-90. 2010
    ....
  99. pmc Emergence of social cohesion in a model society of greedy, mobile individuals
    Carlos P Roca
    ETH Zurich, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:11370-4. 2011
    ..Our model is, therefore, expected to shed light on the long-standing problem of the emergence and stability of cooperative behavior.
  100. pmc Risk of collective failure provides an escape from the tragedy of the commons
    Francisco C Santos
    Departamento de Informática and Centro de Inteligência Artificial, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829 516 Caparica, Portugal
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:10421-5. 2011
    ....
  101. pmc Punishing and abstaining for public goods
    Hannelore Brandt
    Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:495-7. 2006
    ..Evolutionary dynamics can lead either to a Nash equilibrium of punishing and nonpunishing cooperators or to an oscillating state without punishers...

Research Grants74

  1. Mechanisms to restrain social cheating from quorum sensing in Pseudomonas aerugin
    AJAI DANDEKAR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The experiments described in this proposal will advance our knowledge of the evolution of cooperative behavior and give insight into the ecology of the CF lung...
  2. Mechanisms Underlying Social Cooperative Behavior
    LUKE JOSEPH CHANG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Understanding the nature of social cooperative behavior has received considerable attention over the past few decades spanning multiple domains of inquiry...
  3. Enzyme secretion as a cooperative behavior
    John H Koschwanez; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..I will study enzyme secretion, cooperation, and cheating in budding yeast with the hope of applying insights from this work to medically important examples, particularly the release of secreted products by tumor cells. ..
  4. Neurobiological and Genetic Correlates of Cooperative Behavior
    James K Rilling; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Cooperative behavior will be measured in an interactive social task known as the Prisoner's Dilemma (PD) Game...
  5. Protein exchange and self recognition in myxobacteria biofilms
    Daniel Wall; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..As transfer involves costly bulk movement of OM material, we believe this exchange process is a form of cooperative behavior where cells communicate and share resources...
  6. Scanning Ion Conductance Microscope-array for the Study of Ion Channel Clusters
    BRIAN R MECKES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Cellular activity underlying organ and tissue function is defined by the nanoscale distributive and cooperative behavior of groups of ion channels that respond to a diverse range of chemical and electrical signals...
  7. QUORUM SENSING IN PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA
    Everett P Greenberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will use molecular genetic approaches to begin to address the costs and benefits of controlling cooperative behavior by quorum sensing...
  8. Cooperation and cheating in the evolution of antibiotic resistance in bacteria
    Jeff Gore; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This inactivation of the antibiotic may be a cooperative behavior because the entire cell population benefits from the removal of the antibiotic...
  9. Maintenance and correlates of cooperative behavior in therapeutic communities
    KEITH LEVERETT WARREN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..An appealing aspect of studying the cooperative behavior of TC residents is that such behavior is amenable to clinical intervention...
  10. The Role of Emotion and Communication in Cooperative Behavior
    Risto Miikkulainen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The main hypothesis is that complex cooperative behavior arises through a principled interaction between emotion and communication...
  11. HEXOKINASE II--STRUCTURE, REGULATION AND FUNCTION
    DARYL GRANNER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These two halves of the molecule show cooperative behavior toward the product inhibitor G-6-P...
  12. Characterization of Natural mRNA Genetic Switches that Bind Metabolites
    Michelle Meyer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Additionally, the sequence determinants for the cooperative behavior will be explored by targeting the phylogenetically conserved linker between the two glycine binding motifs...
  13. KINETIC COOPERATIVITY AND HALF-SITE REACTIVITY
    Judith Herzfeld; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..However, the full range of kinetic cooperative behavior which may result from these allosteric interactions has not been examined rigorously...
  14. A Qualitative Study of Household Smoking Policies
    Michelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Findings from this formative research will provide the foundation upon which to design and test effective strategies for creating smoke-free homes in rural, low-income communities. ..
  15. Pharmacotherapy for Minor Depression
    Robert Howland; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results of this study will have profound public health implications by improving our understanding of the efficacy of SJW and standard antidepressants for the treatment of MinorD. ..
  16. CART:A novel cocaine regulated neurochemical
    Michael Kuhar; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Multifaceted Oncology Depression Program for Latinos
    Kathleen Ell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..UC. Secondary questions include what is the effect of MODP on symptoms such as pain and fatigue and functional impairment from these symptoms. ..
  18. Multifaceted Depression Diabetes Program for Hispanics
    Kathleen Ell; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..e., diet, exercise, checking blood glucose, and taking diabetic medication), decreased HbA1c levels and diabetes symptoms; and c) will improve function and satisfaction with diabetic and depression care vs. UC. ..
  19. MECHANISMS OF DRUGS OF ABUSE
    Michael Kuhar; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Since CART peptides are important for stress and feeding and other processes, the findings in these studies will impact other areas as well. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Promoter characterization of the CART gene
    Michael J Kuhar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Understanding how CART levels are controlled may lead to new strategies to develop medications that affect the CART system. Such medications could very well be helpful for public health problems such as drug addiction and obesity. ..
  21. Improving Patient Adherence to Cancer Treatment
    Kathleen Ell; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..5 IMPAACT intervention effects will be mediated by changes in targets of the components of the intervention, viz., strengthened intentions, reduced emotional barriers particularly depression, and reduced practical and system barriers. ..
  22. Oncology Depression Program--Latinas with Cancer
    Kathleen Ell; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  23. A SOCIAL NETWORK-BASED INTERVENTION TO REDUCE LEAD EXPOS
    Michelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Process evaluation methods include documentation of lay health advisory contacts and interviews with youth and adult volunteers. ..
  24. RURAL FAMILY AND COMMUNITY DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION PROJECT
    Richard Spoth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..MSEM and LGCM, along with Latent Transition Analyses, also will be used to examine developmental etiology and adolescent substance use effects on outcomes at the young adult developmental phases. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. POPULATION BASED PSYCHIATRIC INTERVENTION--PRIMARY CARE
    Wayne Katon; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  26. HOSTILITY, MARITAL INTERACTION AND HEALTH IN AGING
    Timothy Smith; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., fluid and crystallized intelligence). The long-term goal of the research is to identify potentially modifiable determinants of cardiovascular risk, marital adjustment, and cognitive aging in adulthood. ..
  27. The impact of dental education on health disparities
    JOZEF WELIE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In this planning grant, three different patient categories will be examined: 1. Patients with advanced Alzheimer's Disease; 2. Patients of African-American descent; and 3. Recent immigrants. ..
  28. Combination Treatment for PTSD After the WTC Attack
    Franklin Schneier; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Findings may enhance public health through the study of maximization of treatment response for this serious and common psychiatric disorder. ..
  29. Telehealth for Weight Maintenance of African-American Women
    Ben Gerber; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Center for Research on Mental Health in Social Services
    Enola Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. Developmental of a PAL PKU Enzyme Substitution Therapy
    RAYMOND STEVENS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Opiate Replacement Therapy at Release from Incarceration
    Josiah Rich; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  33. A Follow-up of Classroom Services to Prevent Drug Use
    Jeanne Poduska; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The application builds upon current work to maximize efficiency of both costs and time in developing, replicating and extending to system-wide use evidence-based prevention programs. ..
  34. AN OUTCOME EVALUATION OF THE ACT PARENTS RAISING SAFE KIDS PROGRAM
    SHARON PORTWOOD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. Shared Medical Records and Chronic Illness Care
    James D Ralston; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Results of this study will help inform the development, evaluation and dissemination of patient Web portals designed to support the care of patients with diabetes and multiple co-morbidities. ..
  36. Complex Isopathic Drug Development for Neuroprotection
    Wayne Jonas; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  37. Truth Telling in Oncology
    Lisa Lehmann; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Based on our analysis of the process and content of communication we will develop and pilot interventions to improve the process of information giving and decision-making in oncology. ..
  38. The Feasibility of Assessing the Prevalence of Rickets
    James Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition to assessing possible methodologies for the larger project, the preliminary study is designed to yield standalone results with important implications. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. RUPP-PI Program at Yale University
    Lawrence Scahill; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Furthermore, this five-site network has established reliability on several measures that are relevant to the conduct of clinical trials in children with PDD. ..
  40. Assessing Risk of Repeat Violence in Abusive Female
    Nancy Glass; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. PARTNERS IN BEHAVIORAL HEALTH SCIENCES/PHASE I AND II
    Joann Kirchner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This program is designed to reflect a cultural and ethnic sensitivity to minorities and children. ..
  42. Genetic Studies of Pseudoexfoliation Glaucoma
    Janey Wiggs; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  43. Reducing Barriers to Pediatric Asthma Treatment Adheren*
    Dennis Drotar; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  44. Web-Delivered PC-Based Low Literacy HAZMAT Training
    WYNDHAM ANGER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..s. ..
  45. Primary Care Research Methods and Statistics Conference, Dec 1-3, 2006
    Walter Calmbach; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Evaluations are collated and considered by the multidisciplinary Program Committee during the planning stage of each year's conference. [unreadable]..
  46. NEUROGENESIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE VISUAL SYSTEM
    RUSSELL FERNALD; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Since in our retinal model new rod photoreceptors are integrated into fully functional retinal tissue, this may serve as a particularly useful model for understanding adult neurogenesis. ..
  47. STAGE BASED HEALTH PROMOTION WITH THE ELDERLY
    Phillip Clark; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The 12-month intervention will include expert system generated reports, stage- based manual and newsletters and phone coaching. ..
  48. 3 D Frequency Domain Optical Mammography with APPRIZE
    MARGARET EPPSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The continued development of sophisticated domain-decomposition strategies, along with other algorithmic improvements to APPRIZE, is expected to render high- resolution 3-D optical mammography a reality. ..
  49. 3 D Frequency Domain Optical Mammography with APPRIZE
    MARGARET EPPSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The continued development of sophisticated domain-decomposition strategies, along with other algorithmic improvements to APPRIZE, is expected to render high- resolution 3-D optical mammography a reality. ..
  50. AGING AND PILOT TIME-SHARING PERFORMANCE
    PAMELA TSANG; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Other practical implications include the design of age-independent diagnostic tests for time-sharing decrements, and the specification of training or skill maintenance requirements. ..
  51. A Novel and Non-Invasive Method of Dermal Sampling
    Samir Mitragotri; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Treatment of Depression Following Bypass Surgery
    BRUCE ROLLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will enhance our understanding of the impact and course of post-CABG depression. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. CHILD WELL-BEING & POVERTY: STATISTICAL ABSTRACT & DATA
    SHOBANA RAGHUPATHY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..proposed commercial application: not available ..
  54. GLYCINE-KETAMINE INTERACTIONS IN HEALTHY SUBJECTS
    DEEPAK D SOUZA; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Pilot data (n=12) towards this proposal suggests that glycine reduces ketamine-induced perceptual alterations, negative symptoms and impairments on recall without worsening positive symptoms. ..
  55. PATIENT-CENTERED CARE AND HEALTH CARE COSTS
    Ronald Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. Skeletal Muscle Injury: Mechanism Prevention & Treatment
    Richard Lieber; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies not only provide insights into the damage mechanism, but also shed light on important structure-function relationships in normal muscle. ..
  57. EXTRAMURAL RESEARCH FACILITIES IMPROVEMENT PROVEMENT
    Donald Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  58. Fourth NEI Symposium on the Epidemiology of Eye Diseases and Vision Disorders
    Barbara Hawkins; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Guest editors from the Planning Committee will be responsible for peer review and other scientific editorial tasks for manuscripts submitted for publication in the special issue of the journal. ..
  59. Dopamine function in social phobia & related conditions
    Franklin Schneier; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Better understanding of the neurocircuitry associated with GSP holds promise for improving diagnosis and treatment strategies. ..
  60. IMPROVING QUALITY OF PRIMARY CARE FOR ANXIETY DISORDERS
    BRUCE ROLLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Furthermore, it addresses alcohol use disorders - an important public health problem never addressed before in any effectiveness study for an anxiety or a mood disorder in a primary care setting. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. HEART RATE VARIABILITY IN SLEEP-DISORDERED BREATHING
    MICHAEL KHOO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  62. SOCIAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL REGULATION OF MATURATION
    RUSSELL FERNALD; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..are active in the transition between dominant and non-dominant states? 4) What are the anatomical connections to the GnRH neurons? 5) Are the neuronal firing patterns different between dominant and non-dominant males? ..
  63. STRUCTURE/FUNCTION OF RESPIRATORY HEMOPROTEINS
    Takashi Yonetani; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. Cannabinoids, Neural Synchrony and Information Processing
    DEEPAK D SOUZA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. Neuromechanics of Multifunctionality in Aplysia
    Hillel Chiel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These studies will lead to a deeper understanding of the neuromechanical principles underlying multifunctionality. ..
  66. Safer Antithrombotic Therapy for Elderly ACS Patients
    Eric Peterson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, we will use established relations with professional societies and the VHA to widely disseminate our study's major findings. ..
  67. Evolutionary Graph Theory and Its Applications
    Martin Nowak; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results promise a new structuralevolutionary framework for understanding processes that are of vital importance to medicine. ..
  68. Pretest probability assesment and D-dimer testing for pulmonary embolism
    D Courtney; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..He has significant experience in mentoring junior investigators and an emphasis in disease detection and outcome prediction to ensure development of the PI toward that of an independently funded investigator. ..
  69. New Treatment for Chronic Traumatic Stress in Children
    LAUREL KISER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This phase includes an open trials pilot to demonstrate feasibility of implementation. The proposed research provides preliminary data for an R34 application and lays the foundation for future R01applications. ..
  70. Parental Time, Income and Children's BMI
    Bisakha Sen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Finally, data from the Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) will be used to investigate the effects of parental time and income on the family's patterns of food purchases. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  71. Providers' Views of the Roles of Medical Interpreters
    I LING HSIEH; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..