cooperative behavior

Summary

Summary: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)

Top Publications

  1. pmc Five rules for the evolution of cooperation
    Martin A Nowak
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, and Department of Mathematics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 314:1560-3. 2006
  2. ncbi Altruistic punishment in humans
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 415:137-40. 2002
  3. ncbi The nature of human altruism
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 425:785-91. 2003
  4. doi Coevolutionary games--a mini review
    Matjaz Perc
    Department of Physics, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Maribor, Koroska cesta 160, Maribor, Slovenia
    Biosystems 99:109-25. 2010
  5. ncbi Evolution of indirect reciprocity by image scoring
    M A Nowak
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK
    Nature 393:573-7. 1998
  6. ncbi Spatial structure often inhibits the evolution of cooperation in the snowdrift game
    Christoph Hauert
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Nature 428:643-6. 2004
  7. ncbi Evolution of indirect reciprocity
    Martin A Nowak
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Nature 437:1291-8. 2005
  8. doi Social diversity promotes the emergence of cooperation in public goods games
    Francisco C Santos
    Institut de Recherches Interdisciplinaires et de Développements en Intelligence Artificielle IRIDIA, Computer and Decision Engineering Department, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Nature 454:213-6. 2008
  9. ncbi Costly punishment across human societies
    Joseph Henrich
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Science 312:1767-70. 2006
  10. doi Antisocial punishment across societies
    Benedikt Herrmann
    Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economics, University of Nottingham, School of Economics, Sir Clive Granger Building, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Science 319:1362-7. 2008

Research Grants

  1. QUORUM SENSING IN PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA
    EVERETT GREENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2009
  2. QUORUM SENSING IN PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA
    Everett P Greenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
  3. Single-particle fluorescence studies of viral fusion
    Antoine Van Oijen; Fiscal Year: 2007
  4. The Molecular Basis of Allorecognition in Social Amoeba
    Gad Shaulsky; Fiscal Year: 2010
  5. GLUCOSE TRANSPORTER STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
    Anthony Carruthers; Fiscal Year: 2004
  6. STRUCTURE/FUNCTION OF PROSTAGLANDIN H SYNTHASE 2
    RICHARD KULMACZ; Fiscal Year: 2002
  7. Neurobiological and Genetic Correlates of Cooperative Behavior
    James Rilling; Fiscal Year: 2009
  8. Neurobiological and Genetic Correlates of Cooperative Behavior
    James K Rilling; Fiscal Year: 2010
  9. Neurobiological and Genetic Correlates of Cooperative Behavior
    James K Rilling; Fiscal Year: 2010
  10. HEXOKINASE II--STRUCTURE, REGULATION AND FUNCTION
    DARYL GRANNER; Fiscal Year: 2002

Detail Information

Publications252 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Five rules for the evolution of cooperation
    Martin A Nowak
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, and Department of Mathematics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 314:1560-3. 2006
    ..For each mechanism, a simple rule is derived that specifies whether natural selection can lead to cooperation...
  2. ncbi Altruistic punishment in humans
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 415:137-40. 2002
    ..These results suggest that future study of the evolution of human cooperation should include a strong focus on explaining altruistic punishment...
  3. ncbi The nature of human altruism
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 425:785-91. 2003
    ..Current gene-based evolutionary theories cannot explain important patterns of human altruism, pointing towards the importance of both theories of cultural evolution as well as gene-culture co-evolution...
  4. doi Coevolutionary games--a mini review
    Matjaz Perc
    Department of Physics, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Maribor, Koroska cesta 160, Maribor, Slovenia
    Biosystems 99:109-25. 2010
    ..fact that the evolution of strategies alone may be insufficient to fully exploit the benefits offered by cooperative behavior. Indeed, while spatial structure and heterogeneity, for example, have been recognized as potent promoters ..
  5. ncbi Evolution of indirect reciprocity by image scoring
    M A Nowak
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK
    Nature 393:573-7. 1998
    ..We propose that the emergence of indirect reciprocity was a decisive step for the evolution of human societies...
  6. ncbi Spatial structure often inhibits the evolution of cooperation in the snowdrift game
    Christoph Hauert
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Nature 428:643-6. 2004
    ..In particular, spatial structure eliminates cooperation if the cost-to-benefit ratio of cooperation is high. Our results caution against the common belief that spatial structure is necessarily beneficial for cooperative behaviour...
  7. ncbi Evolution of indirect reciprocity
    Martin A Nowak
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Nature 437:1291-8. 2005
    ..The evolution of cooperation by indirect reciprocity leads to reputation building, morality judgement and complex social interactions with ever-increasing cognitive demands...
  8. doi Social diversity promotes the emergence of cooperation in public goods games
    Francisco C Santos
    Institut de Recherches Interdisciplinaires et de Développements en Intelligence Artificielle IRIDIA, Computer and Decision Engineering Department, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Nature 454:213-6. 2008
    ..Combining social diversity with reputation and punishment will provide instrumental clues on the self-organization of social communities and their economical implications...
  9. ncbi Costly punishment across human societies
    Joseph Henrich
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Science 312:1767-70. 2006
    ..These findings are consistent with models of the gene-culture coevolution of human altruism and further sharpen what any theory of human cooperation needs to explain...
  10. doi Antisocial punishment across societies
    Benedikt Herrmann
    Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economics, University of Nottingham, School of Economics, Sir Clive Granger Building, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Science 319:1362-7. 2008
    ..Our results show that punishment opportunities are socially beneficial only if complemented by strong social norms of cooperation...
  11. pmc Evolutionary establishment of moral and double moral standards through spatial interactions
    Dirk Helbing
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    PLoS Comput Biol 6:e1000758. 2010
    ..from punishment efforts (called "cooperators" or "second-order free-riders"), cooperators who punish non-cooperative behavior ("moralists"), and defectors, who punish other defectors despite being non-cooperative themselves ("..
  12. pmc A simple rule for the evolution of cooperation on graphs and social networks
    Hisashi Ohtsuki
    Department of Biology, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812 8581, Japan
    Nature 441:502-5. 2006
    ..In this case, cooperation can evolve as a consequence of 'social viscosity' even in the absence of reputation effects or strategic complexity...
  13. pmc Optimally interacting minds
    Bahador Bahrami
    University College London Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, Alexandra House, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Science 329:1081-5. 2010
    ..These seemingly discrepant patterns of group behavior can be explained by a model in which two heads are Bayes optimal under the assumption that individuals accurately communicate their level of confidence on every trial...
  14. ncbi Collaborative care for depression: a cumulative meta-analysis and review of longer-term outcomes
    Simon Gilbody
    Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, England
    Arch Intern Med 166:2314-21. 2006
    ....
  15. pmc Via freedom to coercion: the emergence of costly punishment
    Christoph Hauert
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Department of Mathematics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 316:1905-7. 2007
    In human societies, cooperative behavior in joint enterprises is often enforced through institutions that impose sanctions on defectors...
  16. ncbi Social evaluation by preverbal infants
    J Kiley Hamlin
    Yale University, Department of Psychology, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8205, USA
    Nature 450:557-9. 2007
    ..This capacity may serve as the foundation for moral thought and action, and its early developmental emergence supports the view that social evaluation is a biological adaptation...
  17. doi Social learning promotes institutions for governing the commons
    Karl Sigmund
    Faculty of Mathematics, University of Vienna, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Nature 466:861-3. 2010
    ....
  18. pmc Snowdrift game dynamics and facultative cheating in yeast
    Jeff Gore
    Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Nature 459:253-6. 2009
    ..Finally, we note that glucose repression of invertase expression in wild-type cells produces a strategy that is optimal for the snowdrift game-wild-type cells cooperate only when competing against cheater cells...
  19. doi The long-run benefits of punishment
    Simon Gächter
    Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economics, University of Nottingham, School of Economics, Sir Clive Granger Building, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Science 322:1510. 2008
    ..We compared 10- and 50-period cooperation experiments. With the longer time horizon, punishment is unambiguously beneficial...
  20. ncbi Emergence of cooperation and evolutionary stability in finite populations
    Martin A Nowak
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Nature 428:646-50. 2004
    ..We specify the conditions required for natural selection to favour the emergence of cooperation and define evolutionary stability in finite populations...
  21. pmc Winners don't punish
    Anna Dreber
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Nature 452:348-51. 2008
    ..Those people who gain the highest total payoff tend not to use costly punishment: winners don't punish. This suggests that costly punishment behaviour is maladaptive in cooperation games and might have evolved for other reasons...
  22. pmc The outbreak of cooperation among success-driven individuals under noisy conditions
    Dirk Helbing
    Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences, ETH Zurich, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, UNO D11, Universitätstrasse 41, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:3680-5. 2009
    ..The self-organization of cooperative behavior is particularly puzzling for social dilemmas related to sharing natural resources or creating common goods...
  23. ncbi Scale-free networks provide a unifying framework for the emergence of cooperation
    F C Santos
    GADGET, Apartado 1329, 1009 001 Lisbon, Portugal
    Phys Rev Lett 95:098104. 2005
    ..Such emergence is shown to be inhibited whenever the correlations between individuals are decreased or removed. These results are shown to apply from very large population sizes down to small communities with nearly 100 individuals...
  24. ncbi "Economic man" in cross-cultural perspective: behavioral experiments in 15 small-scale societies
    Joseph Henrich
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 28:795-815; discussion 815-55. 2005
    ..Fifth, in many cases experimental play appears to reflect the common interactional patterns of everyday life...
  25. ncbi Indirect reciprocity can stabilize cooperation without the second-order free rider problem
    Karthik Panchanathan
    Center for Behavior, Evolution, and Culture and Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Nature 432:499-502. 2004
    ..However, we also show that such a strategy cannot invade a population in which indirect reciprocity is not linked to collective action, thus leaving unexplained how collective action arises...
  26. ncbi Reputation helps solve the 'tragedy of the commons'
    Manfred Milinski
    Department of Evolutionary Ecology, Max Planck Institute of Limnology Plön, Germany
    Nature 415:424-6. 2002
    ..Alternating the games leads to higher profits for all players. As reputation may be a currency that is valid in many social games, our approach could be used to test social dilemmas for their solubility...
  27. pmc Evolutionary dynamics of social dilemmas in structured heterogeneous populations
    F C Santos
    Institut de Recherches Interdisciplinaires et de Développements en Intelligence Artificielle, CP 194 6, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:3490-4. 2006
    ..that, for all dilemmas, increasing heterogeneity favors the emergence of cooperation, such that long-term cooperative behavior easily resists short-term noncooperative behavior...
  28. pmc Dynamic social networks promote cooperation in experiments with humans
    David G Rand
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Department of Psychology, Institute for Quantitative Social Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19193-8. 2011
    ..Our experiments confirm the predictions of a set of evolutionary game theoretic models and demonstrate the important role that dynamic social networks can play in supporting large-scale human cooperation...
  29. pmc Wisdom of groups promotes cooperation in evolutionary social dilemmas
    Attila Szolnoki
    Institute of Technical Physics and Materials Science, Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P O Box 49, H 1525 Budapest, Hungary
    Sci Rep 2:576. 2012
    ..by pairwise or group interactions, we show that plugging into the "wisdom of groups" strongly promotes cooperative behavior. The more the wider knowledge is taken into account the more the evolution of defectors is impaired...
  30. doi Markets, religion, community size, and the evolution of fairness and punishment
    Joseph Henrich
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Science 327:1480-4. 2010
    ..These results suggest that modern prosociality is not solely the product of an innate psychology, but also reflects norms and institutions that have emerged over the course of human history...
  31. doi Lab experiments for the study of social-ecological systems
    Marco A Janssen
    Arizona State University, Post Office Box 872402, Tempe, AZ 85287 2402, USA
    Science 328:613-7. 2010
    ..These findings illustrate the importance of careful generalization from the laboratory to the world of policy...
  32. ncbi An integrative model of shared decision making in medical encounters
    Gregory Makoul
    Program in Communication and Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Robert H Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 North St Clair, Suite 200, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 60:301-12. 2006
    ....
  33. pmc The structure of scientific collaboration networks
    M E Newman
    Santa Fe Institute, 1399 Hyde Park Road, Santa Fe, NM 87501, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:404-9. 2001
    ....
  34. pmc Positive interactions promote public cooperation
    David G Rand
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 325:1272-5. 2009
    ..We conclude that reward outperforms punishment in repeated public goods games and that human cooperation in such repeated settings is best supported by positive interactions with others...
  35. ncbi Volunteering as Red Queen mechanism for cooperation in public goods games
    Christoph Hauert
    Institute for Mathematics, University of Vienna, Strudlhofgasse 4, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Science 296:1129-32. 2002
    ..Cooperation can subsist in sizable groups even if interactions are not repeated, defectors remain anonymous, players have no memory, and assortment is purely random...
  36. doi Oxytocin and cooperation under conditions of uncertainty: the modulating role of incentives and social information
    Carolyn H Declerck
    University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics, Antwerpen, Belgium
    Horm Behav 57:368-74. 2010
    ..This study investigates how OT interacts with two well-studied determinants of cooperative behavior: incentives and social information...
  37. doi Cleaner wrasses Labroides dimidiatus are more cooperative in the presence of an audience
    Ana Pinto
    Institute of Biology, University of Neuchatel, Rue Emile Argand 11, 2000 Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Curr Biol 21:1140-4. 2011
    ..In conclusion, the results demonstrate, for the first time, that image scoring by an audience indeed leads to increased levels of cooperation in a nonhuman animal...
  38. pmc Cooperation and contagion in web-based, networked public goods experiments
    Siddharth Suri
    Microeconomics and Social Systems, Yahoo Research, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e16836. 2011
    ..In total we report on 113 human subjects experiments, highlighting the speed, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness of web-based experiments over those conducted in physical labs...
  39. doi Reciprocity: weak or strong? What punishment experiments do (and do not) demonstrate
    Francesco Guala
    Department of Economics, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy
    Behav Brain Sci 35:1-15. 2012
    ..The lack of field evidence for costly punishment suggests important constraints about what forms of cooperation can or cannot be sustained by means of decentralised policing...
  40. ncbi Does mobility decrease cooperation?
    Mendeli H Vainstein
    Instituto de Física and International Center of Condensed Matter Physics, Universidade de Brasilia, CP 04513, 70919 97 Brasília DF, Brazil
    J Theor Biol 244:722-8. 2007
    ..We find that cooperative behavior is not only possible but may even be enhanced by such an "always-move" rule, when compared with ..
  41. pmc Social experiments in the mesoscale: humans playing a spatial prisoner's dilemma
    Jelena Grujic
    Grupo Interdisciplinar de Sistemas Complejos, Departamento de Matematicas, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Leganes, Madrid, Spain
    PLoS ONE 5:e13749. 2010
    ..Therefore, experimental work suitably designed to address this question is needed to probe these issues...
  42. ncbi Image scoring and cooperation in a cleaner fish mutualism
    Redouan Bshary
    University of Neuchatel, Department of Zoology, Rue Emile Argand 11, Case Postale 158, 2009 Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Nature 441:975-8. 2006
    ..Furthermore, trained cleaners learned to feed more cooperatively when in an 'image-scoring' than in a 'non-image-scoring' situation...
  43. pmc Human strategy updating in evolutionary games
    Arne Traulsen
    Emmy Noether Group for Evolutionary Dynamics, and Department of Evolutionary Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, 24306 Plön, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:2962-6. 2010
    ..Our experimental approach to measure properties of the update mechanisms used in theoretical models will be useful for mathematical models of cultural evolution...
  44. ncbi Putting the altruism back into altruism: the evolution of empathy
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and Psychology Department, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 59:279-300. 2008
    ..Empathy-induced altruism derives its strength from the emotional stake it offers the self in the other's welfare. The dynamics of the empathy mechanism agree with predictions from kin selection and reciprocal altruism theory...
  45. pmc Bridging the gaps between research, policy and practice in low- and middle-income countries: a survey of researchers
    John N Lavis
    McMaster Health Forum, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont
    CMAJ 182:E350-61. 2010
    ..We surveyed researchers in 10 countries about their involvement in such efforts...
  46. doi Evolutionary games defined at the network mesoscale: the Public Goods game
    Jesús Gmez-Gardeñes
    Departamento de Matematica Aplicada, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, 28933 Mostoles, Madrid, Spain
    Chaos 21:016113. 2011
    ..We conclude by analyzing the influence of the size of the groups in the evolutionary success of cooperation...
  47. ncbi The efficient interaction of indirect reciprocity and costly punishment
    Bettina Rockenbach
    Department of Economics, University of Erfurt, Nordhäuser Strasse 63, D 99089 Erfurt, Germany
    Nature 444:718-23. 2006
    ..Because punishment and reputation building are omnipresent interacting forces in human societies, costly punishing should appear less destructive without losing its deterring force...
  48. pmc Cooperative behavior cascades in human social networks
    James H Fowler
    Political Science Department, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92103, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:5334-8. 2010
    ..These results show experimentally that cooperative behavior cascades in human social networks.
  49. pmc Heterogeneous aspirations promote cooperation in the prisoner's dilemma game
    Matjaz Perc
    Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Maribor, Slovenia
    PLoS ONE 5:e15117. 2010
    ..Our study indicates that heterogeneity in aspirations may be key for the sustainability of cooperation in structured populations...
  50. pmc Why copy others? Insights from the social learning strategies tournament
    L Rendell
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Biology, University of St Andrews, Queen s Terrace, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9TS, UK
    Science 328:208-13. 2010
    ..The winning strategy (discountmachine) relied nearly exclusively on social learning and weighted information according to the time since acquisition...
  51. ncbi Punish or perish? Retaliation and collaboration among humans
    Karl Sigmund
    Faculty for Mathematics, University of Vienna, Nordbergstrasse 15, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:593-600. 2007
    ....
  52. doi The new cooperative medical scheme in China
    Xuedan You
    Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
    Health Policy 91:1-9. 2009
    ..Rigorous evaluations, based on richer and latest micro-level data, could considerably strengthen the evidence base for the performance and impact of NCMS...
  53. pmc Altruistic punishment and the origin of cooperation
    James H Fowler
    Department of Political Science, University of California, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:7047-9. 2005
    ..It also suggests that punishment can only enforce payoff-improving strategies, contrary to a widely cited "folk theorem" result that suggests that punishment can allow the evolution of any strategy...
  54. ncbi Game theory and human evolution: a critique of some recent interpretations of experimental games
    Edward H Hagen
    Institute for Theoretical Biology, Humboldt University, Invalidenstr 43, 10115 Berlin, Germany
    Theor Popul Biol 69:339-48. 2006
    ..We critically review this explanation. We conclude that experimental results reveal limits in two implicit models of cognitive structure commonly employed by economists and evolutionary biologists...
  55. doi Cooperation between non-kin in animal societies
    Tim Clutton-Brock
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB3 9EJ, UK
    Nature 462:51-7. 2009
    ....
  56. doi Coordinated punishment of defectors sustains cooperation and can proliferate when rare
    Robert Boyd
    Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90064, USA
    Science 328:617-20. 2010
    ..We show that punishment can proliferate when rare, and when it does, it enhances group-average payoffs...
  57. ncbi Social norms and human cooperation
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:185-90. 2004
    ..Moreover, the explicit study of sanctioning behavior provides instruments for measuring social norms and has also led to deeper insights into the proximate and ultimate forces behind human cooperation...
  58. pmc Effects of intranasal oxytocin and vasopressin on cooperative behavior and associated brain activity in men
    James K Rilling
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 37:447-61. 2012
    ..These findings extend our knowledge of the neural and behavioral effects of OT and AVP to the context of genuine social interactions...
  59. pmc Cues of being watched enhance cooperation in a real-world setting
    Melissa Bateson
    Evolution and Behaviour Research Group, School of Biology and Psychology, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
    Biol Lett 2:412-4. 2006
    ..This finding provides the first evidence from a naturalistic setting of the importance of cues of being watched, and hence reputational concerns, on human cooperative behaviour...
  60. doi Egalitarianism in young children
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 454:1079-83. 2008
    ....
  61. pmc The interplay of cognition and cooperation
    Sarah F Brosnan
    Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2699-710. 2010
    ..This paper spans the literature from bacteria to humans in our search for the key variables that link cooperation and deception to cognition...
  62. doi Altruism, spite, and greenbeards
    Stuart A West
    Department of Zoology, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 327:1341-4. 2010
    ..represented by the sterile workers of social insects, driven by genetics or ecology? Does spite really exist in nature? And, can altruism be favored between individuals who are not close kin but share a "greenbeard" gene for altruism?..
  63. ncbi Human behaviour: don't lose your reputation
    Ernst Fehr
    Nature 432:449-50. 2004
  64. ncbi Cooperation through image scoring in humans
    C Wedekind
    Abteilung Verhaltensökologie, Zoologisches Institut, Universitat Bern, 3032 Hinterkappelen, Switzerland
    Science 288:850-2. 2000
    ..Donations were more frequent to receivers who had been generous to others in earlier interactions. This shows that image scoring promotes cooperative behavior in situations where direct reciprocity is unlikely.
  65. pmc Anti-social punishment can prevent the co-evolution of punishment and cooperation
    David G Rand
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    J Theor Biol 265:624-32. 2010
    ..Our results also help to make sense of the empirical observation that defectors will sometimes pay to punish cooperators...
  66. ncbi Patient self-management of chronic disease in primary care
    Thomas Bodenheimer
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    JAMA 288:2469-75. 2002
    ..Self-management education for chronic illness may soon become an integral part of high-quality primary care...
  67. ncbi What fosters or prevents interprofessional teamworking in primary and community care? A literature review
    Andreas Xyrichis
    King s College London, The Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, James Clerk Maxwell Building, 57 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8WA, UK
    Int J Nurs Stud 45:140-53. 2008
    ..Although it is becoming widely accepted that no single discipline can provide complete care for patients with a long-term condition, in practice, interprofessional working is not always achieved...
  68. doi Assortment and the evolution of generalized reciprocity
    Daniel J Rankin
    Division of Behavioral Ecology, Institute of Ecology and Evolution, University of Bern, Wohlenstrasse 50a, CH 3032 Hinterkappelen, Switzerland
    Evolution 63:1913-22. 2009
    ..We show that generalized reciprocity can evolve under both the prisoner's dilemma and the snowdrift game...
  69. ncbi The leading eight: social norms that can maintain cooperation by indirect reciprocity
    Hisashi Ohtsuki
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812 8581, Japan
    J Theor Biol 239:435-44. 2006
    ..Second, we prove the two basic properties of the leading eight, which give a quantitative evaluation of the ESS condition and the level of cooperation maintained at the ESS...
  70. pmc Mesoscopic structure conditions the emergence of cooperation on social networks
    Sergi Lozano
    ETH Zurich, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 3:e1892. 2008
    ..We study the evolutionary Prisoner's Dilemma on two social networks substrates obtained from actual relational data...
  71. ncbi Quality collaboratives: lessons from research
    J Øvretveit
    The Nordic School of Public Health, Goteborg, Sweden The Health Services Management Centre, Birmingham University, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 11:345-51. 2002
    ....
  72. pmc Indirect reciprocity provides only a narrow margin of efficiency for costly punishment
    Hisashi Ohtsuki
    Department of Value and Decision Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152 8552, Japan
    Nature 457:79-82. 2009
    ..In most cases the population does better by not using costly punishment. The efficient strategy for indirect reciprocity is to withhold help for defectors rather than punishing them...
  73. pmc Empirical study of data sharing by authors publishing in PLoS journals
    Caroline J Savage
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e7078. 2009
    ..These policies are explicit, but remain largely untested. We sought to determine how well authors comply with such policies by requesting data from authors who had published in one of two journals with clear data sharing policies...
  74. ncbi Primary care - mental health collaboration: an example of assessing usual practice and potential barriers
    Jacqueline J Fickel
    Veterans Administration, Health Services Research and Development Service, Center for the Study of Healthcare Provider Behavior, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Interprof Care 21:207-16. 2007
    ..We identify strategies that can help overcome the barriers to collaboration that our informants most commonly identified...
  75. ncbi Why people punish defectors. Weak conformist transmission can stabilize costly enforcement of norms in cooperative dilemmas
    J Henrich
    University of Michigan, 701 Tappan Road, D3276, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1234, USA
    J Theor Biol 208:79-89. 2001
    ..fail to punish non-cooperators), then an arbitrarily small amount of conformist transmission will stabilize cooperative behavior by stabilizing punishment at some n -th stage...
  76. pmc Heritability of cooperative behavior in the trust game
    David Cesarini
    Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 50 Memorial Drive, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:3721-6. 2008
    Although laboratory experiments document cooperative behavior in humans, little is known about the extent to which individual differences in cooperativeness result from genetic and environmental variation...
  77. pmc Punishing and abstaining for public goods
    Hannelore Brandt
    Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:495-7. 2006
    ..Evolutionary dynamics can lead either to a Nash equilibrium of punishing and nonpunishing cooperators or to an oscillating state without punishers...
  78. pmc Emergence of social cohesion in a model society of greedy, mobile individuals
    Carlos P Roca
    ETH Zurich, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:11370-4. 2011
    ..Our model is, therefore, expected to shed light on the long-standing problem of the emergence and stability of cooperative behavior.
  79. doi Did warfare among ancestral hunter-gatherers affect the evolution of human social behaviors?
    Samuel Bowles
    Santa Fe Institute, 1399 Hyde Park Road, Santa Fe, NM 87501, USA
    Science 324:1293-8. 2009
    ....
  80. pmc On the psychology of cooperation in humans and other primates: combining the natural history and experimental evidence of prosociality
    Adrian V Jaeggi
    Anthropological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2723-35. 2010
    ..We discuss ultimate explanations for these derived features, in particular the adoption of cooperative breeding as well as concern for reputation and costly signalling during human evolution...
  81. pmc Risk of collective failure provides an escape from the tragedy of the commons
    Francisco C Santos
    Departamento de Informática and Centro de Inteligência Artificial, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829 516 Caparica, Portugal
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:10421-5. 2011
    ....
  82. ncbi What do collaborative improvement projects do? Experience from seven countries
    Tim Wilson
    RCGP Quality Unit, Royal College of General Practitioners, London, United Kingdom
    Jt Comm J Qual Saf 29:85-93. 2003
    ..There are large variations in the way collaboratives are structured and run, but there is no widely accepted framework for describing the components of collaboratives. Thus, it is difficult to study which approaches are most effective...
  83. pmc Cooperators benefit through reputation-based partner choice in economic games
    Karolina Sylwester
    Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Henry Wellcome Building, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
    Biol Lett 6:659-62. 2010
    ..Furthermore, while indirect reciprocity depends upon individuals giving preference to those of good standing, CA can explain unconditional cooperation...
  84. doi Integrating mental health into primary care within the Veterans Health Administration
    Edward P Post
    Veterans Affairs Central Office, Ann Arbor Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Fam Syst Health 28:83-90. 2010
    ....
  85. pmc Resistance to extreme strategies, rather than prosocial preferences, can explain human cooperation in public goods games
    Rolf Kümmerli
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:10125-30. 2010
    ..More generally, our results illustrate the caution that must be exercised when interpreting the evolutionary implications of economic experiments, especially the absolute level of cooperation in a particular treatment...
  86. pmc Strength of social tie predicts cooperative investment in a human social network
    Freya Harrison
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e18338. 2011
    ..Interestingly, participants regularly suffered greater discomfort for very close peers than for themselves. Our results provide new insight into the effect of social structure on the direct benefits of cooperation...
  87. pmc Context-dependent interaction leads to emergent search behavior in social aggregates
    Colin Torney
    School of Mathematical Sciences and Complex and Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:22055-60. 2009
    ..This behavior illustrates an alternative pathway to the evolution of higher cognitive capacity via the emergent, group-level intelligence that can result from local interactions...
  88. doi The enforcement of cooperation by policing
    Claire El Mouden
    Department of Zoology, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Evolution 64:2139-52. 2010
    ..We find that large groups and increased kin competition disfavor policing, and that policing is maintained more readily than it invades. Policing may be harder to evolve than previously thought...
  89. doi When your errors make me lose or win: event-related potentials to observed errors of cooperators and competitors
    Leonie Koban
    University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Soc Neurosci 5:360-74. 2010
    ..We conclude that error monitoring for others' actions depends on their congruence with personal goals, and recruits brain systems involved in self-referential processing specifically during cooperation...
  90. doi Acting together in and beyond the mirror neuron system
    Idil Kokal
    BCN Neuroimaging Center, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 47:2046-56. 2009
    ....
  91. ncbi What do we know about cognitive and motivational effects of small group tutorials in problem-based learning?
    Diana H J M Dolmans
    Department of Educational Development and Research, University of Maastricht, PO Box 616, 6200, MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 11:321-36. 2006
    ..Although the studies demonstrate that group learning in PBL may have positive effects, much more research is needed to obtain more evidence and deeper insight in the cognitive and emotional effects of small group learning in PBL...
  92. doi How social are task representations?
    Bernhard Hommel
    Leiden University, Department of Psychology, Cognitive Psychology Unit, Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK Leiden, The Netherlands
    Psychol Sci 20:794-8. 2009
    ..This result suggests that agents can represent self-generated and other-generated actions separately, but tend to relate or integrate these representations if the personal relationship between self and other has a positive valence...
  93. doi Action co-representation: the joint SNARC effect
    Silke Atmaca
    Rutgers, The New Jersey State University, Newark, NJ, USA
    Soc Neurosci 3:410-20. 2008
    ..This generalizes previous results on co-representation.We discuss the role of the mirror system in co-representation as a basis for shared intentionality and communication...
  94. doi Network dynamics to evaluate performance of an academic institution
    Michael E Hughes
    Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Sci Transl Med 2:53ps49. 2010
    ..Also, collaborations within institutions and departments were more frequent than those between them--an actionable area of improvement...
  95. doi Sharing a task or sharing space? On the effect of the confederate in action coding in a detection task
    Delia Guagnano
    Center for Mind Brain Sciences, University of Trento, Rovereto, Italy
    Cognition 114:348-55. 2010
    ..The presence of an active confederate in peripersonal space might simply provide a reference for coding one's own action in space...
  96. ncbi Web-based collaborative training of clinical reasoning: a randomized trial
    T Raupach
    University Hospital Gottingen, Germany
    Med Teach 31:e431-7. 2009
    ..Clinical reasoning skills are essential for medical practice. Problem-based collaborative learning via the internet might prove useful in imparting these skills...
  97. doi Dominance and affiliation mediate despotism in a social primate
    Andrew J King
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, London, NW1 4RY, UK
    Curr Biol 18:1833-8. 2008
    ..Our findings highlight the importance of leader incentives and social relationships in group decision-making processes and the emergence of despotism...
  98. doi The option to leave: conditional dissociation in the evolution of cooperation
    Segismundo S Izquierdo
    Department of Industrial Organization, University of Valladolid, 47011 Spain
    J Theor Biol 267:76-84. 2010
    ..These conclusions are obtained both by extensive numerical simulations and through analytical mean-field methods that approximate the stochastic simulation dynamics and deliver accurate predictions for general parameter configurations...
  99. pmc Cooperation, norms, and revolutions: a unified game-theoretical approach
    Dirk Helbing
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 5:e12530. 2010
    ..This can yield conflict, since behavior that is considered cooperative by one population might be perceived as non-cooperative from the viewpoint of another...
  100. pmc Learning and improving in quality improvement collaboratives: which collaborative features do participants value most?
    Ingrid M Nembhard
    Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 8034, USA
    Health Serv Res 44:359-78. 2009
    ..To understand participants' views on the relative helpfulness of various features of collaboratives, why each feature was helpful and which features the most successful participants viewed as most central to their success...
  101. pmc A randomised controlled trial to test the feasibility of a collaborative care model for the management of depression in older people
    Carolyn A Chew-Graham
    Primary Care Research Group, School of Community Based Medicine, University of Manchester
    Br J Gen Pract 57:364-70. 2007
    ..Depression is the most common mental health disorder in people aged over 65 years. Late-life depression is associated with chronic illness and disability...

Research Grants111 found, 100 shown here

  1. QUORUM SENSING IN PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA
    EVERETT GREENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the molecular mechanisms of social activity in bacteria, and to learn about why, when, where and how cooperative behavior exists. This proposal is to continue studies on quorum sensing in Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
  2. QUORUM SENSING IN PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA
    Everett P Greenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the molecular mechanisms of social activity in bacteria, and to learn about why, when, where and how cooperative behavior exists. This proposal is to continue studies on quorum sensing in Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
  3. Single-particle fluorescence studies of viral fusion
    Antoine Van Oijen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..and establish the roles of the different hemifusion states, and 2) to determine the molecular nature of the cooperative behavior in HA-mediated fusion...
  4. The Molecular Basis of Allorecognition in Social Amoeba
    Gad Shaulsky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Wild isolates of D. discoideum display cooperative behavior that is directly proportional to their genetic relatedness and we have uncovered a family of proteins that ..
  5. GLUCOSE TRANSPORTER STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
    Anthony Carruthers; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..by subsaturating levels of competitive inhibitors) to ask if altered Glut1 oligomeric size affects this cooperative behavior. Carbohydrate libraries will also be screened for potential "kinetic activators" of transport...
  6. STRUCTURE/FUNCTION OF PROSTAGLANDIN H SYNTHASE 2
    RICHARD KULMACZ; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..PGHS-1 cyclooxygenase activity exhibits cooperative behavior at low arachidonic acid levels, whereas the PGHS-2 enzyme follows simple saturable kinetics...
  7. Neurobiological and Genetic Correlates of Cooperative Behavior
    James Rilling; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..b>Cooperative behavior will be measured in an interactive social task known as the Prisoner's Dilemma (PD) Game...
  8. Neurobiological and Genetic Correlates of Cooperative Behavior
    James K Rilling; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Cooperative behavior will be measured in an interactive social task known as the Prisoner's Dilemma (PD) Game...
  9. Neurobiological and Genetic Correlates of Cooperative Behavior
    James K Rilling; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Cooperative behavior will be measured in an interactive social task known as the Prisoner's Dilemma (PD) Game...
  10. HEXOKINASE II--STRUCTURE, REGULATION AND FUNCTION
    DARYL GRANNER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These two halves of the molecule show cooperative behavior toward the product inhibitor G-6-P...
  11. Characterization of Natural mRNA Genetic Switches that Bind Metabolites
    Michelle Meyer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Additionally, the sequence determinants for the cooperative behavior will be explored by targeting the phylogenetically conserved linker between the two glycine binding motifs...
  12. Promoting Community Collaboration in HIV Research
    Rogerio Pinto; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This research will shed light on specific modifiable factors that may help researchers engage providers in collaborative research. ..
  13. A Qualitative Study of Household Smoking Policies
    Michelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Findings from this formative research will provide the foundation upon which to design and test effective strategies for creating smoke-free homes in rural, low-income communities. ..
  14. Oncology Depression Program--Latinas with Cancer
    Kathleen Ell; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  15. Partnership Model for Diffusion of Proven Prevention
    Richard Spoth; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Results will guide application of the partnership model to other school districts in IA and PA and, subsequently, to other states. ..
  16. RURAL FAMILY AND COMMUNITY DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION PROJECT
    Richard Spoth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..MSEM and LGCM, along with Latent Transition Analyses, also will be used to examine developmental etiology and adolescent substance use effects on outcomes at the young adult developmental phases. ..
  17. A SOCIAL NETWORK-BASED INTERVENTION TO REDUCE LEAD EXPOS
    Michelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Process evaluation methods include documentation of lay health advisory contacts and interviews with youth and adult volunteers. ..
  18. HOSTILITY, MARITAL INTERACTION AND HEALTH IN AGING
    Timothy Smith; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., fluid and crystallized intelligence). The long-term goal of the research is to identify potentially modifiable determinants of cardiovascular risk, marital adjustment, and cognitive aging in adulthood. ..
  19. POPULATION BASED PSYCHIATRIC INTERVENTION--PRIMARY CARE
    Wayne Katon; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  20. Implementing Chronic Care Management for Bipolar Disorder
    Amy M Kilbourne; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  21. Neuromechanics of Multifunctionality in Aplysia
    Hillel Chiel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies will lead to a deeper understanding of the neuromechanical principles underlying multifunctionality. ..
  22. POLYGLUTAMINE CONFORMATION AND NEURODEGENERATION
    Steven M Finkbeiner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project is significant because it will elucidate pathogenic mechanisms and therapeutic targets for HD, as it did during the previous period;the findings should also be relevant to Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. ..
  23. New Treatment for Chronic Traumatic Stress in Children
    LAUREL KISER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This phase includes an open trials pilot to demonstrate feasibility of implementation. The proposed research provides preliminary data for an R34 application and lays the foundation for future R01applications. ..
  24. Safer Antithrombotic Therapy for Elderly ACS Patients
    Eric Peterson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, we will use established relations with professional societies and the VHA to widely disseminate our study's major findings. ..
  25. Evolutionary Graph Theory and Its Applications
    Martin Nowak; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results promise a new structuralevolutionary framework for understanding processes that are of vital importance to medicine. ..
  26. Integrated Neurobiology of Addiction and Mental Illness
    Robert Chambers; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Specific Aim 3 will utilize microarray technology to examine group differences in patterns of gene expression in the Nucleus Accumbens (NAc), Caudate Putamen (CaPu) and medial Prefrontal Codex (mPfC). ..
  27. Parental Time, Income and Children's BMI
    Bisakha Sen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Finally, data from the Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) will be used to investigate the effects of parental time and income on the family's patterns of food purchases. ..