diving

Summary

Summary: An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Physiology of diving of birds and mammals
    P J Butler
    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, United Kingdom
    Physiol Rev 77:837-99. 1997
  2. ncbi Deep-diving foraging behaviour of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus)
    Stephanie L Watwood
    Department of Biology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Anim Ecol 75:814-25. 2006
  3. ncbi Extreme diving of beaked whales
    Peter L Tyack
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:4238-53. 2006
  4. ncbi The physiological basis of diving to depth: birds and mammals
    G L Kooyman
    Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0204, USA
    Annu Rev Physiol 60:19-32. 1998
  5. doi Passive acoustic detection of deep-diving beaked whales
    Walter M X Zimmer
    NATO Undersea Research Centre, Viale San Bartolomeo 400, 19138 La Spezia, Italy
    J Acoust Soc Am 124:2823-32. 2008
  6. pmc Differences in spatio-temporal behavior of zebrafish in the open tank paradigm after a short-period confinement into dark and bright environments
    Denis B Rosemberg
    Departamento de Bioquimica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    PLoS ONE 6:e19397. 2011
  7. doi Decompression illness
    Richard D Vann
    Department of Anesthesiology and Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Environmental Physiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Lancet 377:153-64. 2011
  8. ncbi Can diving-induced tissue nitrogen supersaturation increase the chance of acoustically driven bubble growth in marine mammals?
    D S Houser
    SSC SD, National Research Council, Navy Marine Mammal Program, San Diego, CA, 92152 6506, U S A
    J Theor Biol 213:183-95. 2001
  9. pmc Deadly diving? Physiological and behavioural management of decompression stress in diving mammals
    S K Hooker
    Sea Mammal Research Unit, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, Fife, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 279:1041-50. 2012
  10. ncbi Deep diving mammals: Dive behavior and circulatory adjustments contribute to bends avoidance
    A Fahlman
    Department of Zoology, The University of British Columbia, 6270 University Blvd, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 153:66-77. 2006

Detail Information

Publications270 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Physiology of diving of birds and mammals
    P J Butler
    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, United Kingdom
    Physiol Rev 77:837-99. 1997
    This review concentrates on the physiological responses, and their control, in freely diving birds and mammals that enable them to remain submerged and sometimes quite active for extended periods of time...
  2. ncbi Deep-diving foraging behaviour of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus)
    Stephanie L Watwood
    Department of Biology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Anim Ecol 75:814-25. 2006
    1. Digital tags were used to describe diving and vocal behaviour of sperm whales during 198 complete and partial foraging dives made by 37 individual sperm whales in the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Ligurian Sea. 2...
  3. ncbi Extreme diving of beaked whales
    Peter L Tyack
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:4238-53. 2006
    ..of gas emboli in beaked whales stranded during naval sonar exercises have led to the hypothesis that their deep-diving may make them especially vulnerable to decompression...
  4. ncbi The physiological basis of diving to depth: birds and mammals
    G L Kooyman
    Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0204, USA
    Annu Rev Physiol 60:19-32. 1998
    ..A hallmark of animals diving to depth is a substantial elevation of muscle myoglobin concentration...
  5. doi Passive acoustic detection of deep-diving beaked whales
    Walter M X Zimmer
    NATO Undersea Research Centre, Viale San Bartolomeo 400, 19138 La Spezia, Italy
    J Acoust Soc Am 124:2823-32. 2008
    ..7 km, provided the listening duration exceeds the deep dive interval, about 2.5 h on average. Detection ranges beyond 4 km are unlikely and would require low ambient noise or special sound propagation conditions...
  6. pmc Differences in spatio-temporal behavior of zebrafish in the open tank paradigm after a short-period confinement into dark and bright environments
    Denis B Rosemberg
    Departamento de Bioquimica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    PLoS ONE 6:e19397. 2011
    The open tank paradigm, also known as novel tank diving test, is a protocol used to evaluate the zebrafish behavior...
  7. doi Decompression illness
    Richard D Vann
    Department of Anesthesiology and Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Environmental Physiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Lancet 377:153-64. 2011
    ..Treatment is, in most cases, effective although residual deficits can remain in serious cases, even after several recompressions...
  8. ncbi Can diving-induced tissue nitrogen supersaturation increase the chance of acoustically driven bubble growth in marine mammals?
    D S Houser
    SSC SD, National Research Council, Navy Marine Mammal Program, San Diego, CA, 92152 6506, U S A
    J Theor Biol 213:183-95. 2001
    ..of a dolphin dive study and a model of rectified diffusion for low-frequency exposure, we demonstrate that the diving behavior of cetaceans prior to an intense acoustic exposure may increase the chance of rectified diffusion...
  9. pmc Deadly diving? Physiological and behavioural management of decompression stress in diving mammals
    S K Hooker
    Sea Mammal Research Unit, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, Fife, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 279:1041-50. 2012
    ..The basic pathology and cause are relatively well known to human divers. Breath-hold diving marine mammals were thought to be relatively immune to DCS owing to multiple anatomical, physiological and ..
  10. ncbi Deep diving mammals: Dive behavior and circulatory adjustments contribute to bends avoidance
    A Fahlman
    Department of Zoology, The University of British Columbia, 6270 University Blvd, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 153:66-77. 2006
    A mathematical model was created that predicted blood and tissue N(2) tension (P(N2)) during breath-hold diving. Measured muscle P(N2) from the bottlenose dolphin after diving repeatedly to 100 m (Tursiops truncatus [Ridgway and Howard, ..
  11. doi Investigation of the potential for vascular bubble formation in a repetitively diving dolphin
    D S Houser
    BIOMIMETICA, 7951 Shantung Drive, Santee, CA 92071, USA
    J Exp Biol 213:52-62. 2010
    ..To test whether nitrogen gas uptake during repetitive breath-hold diving is sufficient for asymptomatic VGE formation in odontocetes, a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus Montagu) was ..
  12. doi Could beaked whales get the bends? Effect of diving behaviour and physiology on modelled gas exchange for three species: Ziphius cavirostris, Mesoplodon densirostris and Hyperoodon ampullatus
    Sascha K Hooker
    Sea Mammal Research Unit, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 167:235-46. 2009
    ..The objective was to determine if physiology (body mass, diving lung volume, dive response) or dive behaviour (dive depth and duration, changes in ascent rate, diel behaviour) ..
  13. pmc Recursive filtering for zero offset correction of diving depth time series with GNU R package diveMove
    Sebastián P Luque
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    PLoS ONE 6:e15850. 2011
    Zero offset correction of diving depth measured by time-depth recorders is required to remove artifacts arising from temporal changes in accuracy of pressure transducers...
  14. doi Dive and beak movement patterns in leatherback turtles Dermochelys coriacea during internesting intervals in French Guiana
    Sabrina Fossette
    IPHC Département Ecologie, Physiologie, Ethologie, ULP, CNRS, 23 rue Becquerel, 67087 Strasbourg, France
    J Anim Ecol 77:236-46. 2008
    ..we investigate the possibility of this active behaviour being associated with foraging, by studying concurrently diving and beak movement patterns in gravid females equipped with IMASEN (Inter-MAndibular Angle SENsor). 2...
  15. doi Time to eat: measurements of feeding behaviour in a large marine predator, the northern elephant seal Mirounga angustirostris
    Carey E Kuhn
    National Marine Mammal Laboratory, Alaska Fisheries Science Center NOAA, 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
    J Anim Ecol 78:513-23. 2009
    ..In addition, by combining direct and indirect measures of feeding, this study has provided support for the use of foraging indicators in marine predators...
  16. pmc Exercise and nitric oxide prevent bubble formation: a novel approach to the prevention of decompression sickness?
    Ulrik Wisløff
    Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    J Physiol 555:825-9. 2004
    ..Consequently, the aims of the present study were to determine whether protection against bubble formation in 'diving' rats was provided by (1) chronic and acute administration of a NO-releasing agent and (2) exercise less than 20 h ..
  17. ncbi The human diving response, its function, and its control
    G E Foster
    Health and Integrative Physiology Laboratory, School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 15:3-12. 2005
    The purpose of this review is to outline the physiological responses associated with the diving response, its functional significance, and its cardiorespiratory control. This review is separated into four major sections...
  18. pmc Increased cortical thickness in sports experts: a comparison of diving players with the controls
    Gaoxia Wei
    Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences CAS, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 6:e17112. 2011
    ..a significant positive correlation between the mean cortical thickness of the right parahippocampal gyrus and the training experience was detected, which might indicate the effect of extensive training on diving players' brain structure.
  19. ncbi To what extent might N2 limit dive performance in king penguins?
    A Fahlman
    North Pacific Universities Marine Mammal Research Consortium, UBC Marine Mammal Research Unit, Room 247, AERL, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada
    J Exp Biol 210:3344-55. 2007
    ..Furthermore, adipose tissue could also help reduce DCS risk during the first few dives in a bout by functioning as a sink to buffer extreme levels of N2...
  20. doi Estimating the effect of lung collapse and pulmonary shunt on gas exchange during breath-hold diving: the Scholander and Kooyman legacy
    A Fahlman
    Global Diving Research, Ottawa, ON, Canada K2J 5E8
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 165:28-39. 2009
    ..collapse (pulmonary shunt) on the uptake and removal of O(2), CO(2) and N(2) in blood and tissue of breath-hold diving mammals...
  21. ncbi Trigemino-autonomic connections in the muskrat: the neural substrate for the diving response
    W M Panneton
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, St Louis University Medical School, 1402 South Grand Blvd, St Louis, MO 63104 1004, USA
    Brain Res 874:48-65. 2000
    Stimulation of the anterior ethmoidal nerve of the muskrat produces a cardiorespiratory depression similar to the diving response...
  22. pmc Differences of acute versus chronic ethanol exposure on anxiety-like behavioral responses in zebrafish
    Priya Mathur
    Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, Programs in Biological Sciences and Human Genetics, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 2811, United States
    Behav Brain Res 219:234-9. 2011
    ..chronic ethanol exposure on anxiety-like behaviors in zebrafish, using two behavioral paradigms, the Novel Tank Diving Test and the Light/Dark Choice Assay. Acute ethanol exposure exerted significant dose-dependent anxiolytic effects...
  23. ncbi Linking movement, diving, and habitat to foraging success in a large marine predator
    Deborah Austin
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4J1, Canada
    Ecology 87:3095-108. 2006
    ..Our goal was to determine the characteristics of diving, habitat, and movement that predict feeding...
  24. ncbi The diving physiology of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). I. Balancing the demands of exercise for energy conservation at depth
    T M Williams
    Department of Biology, Earth and Marine Science Building, A 316, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    J Exp Biol 202:2739-48. 1999
    During diving, marine mammals must rely on the efficient utilization of a limited oxygen reserve sequestered in the lungs, blood and muscles...
  25. ncbi Activation of the trigeminal medullary dorsal horn during voluntary diving in rats
    Paul F McCulloch
    Department of Physiology, Midwestern University, 555 31st Street, Downers Grove, IL 60515, USA
    Brain Res 1051:194-8. 2005
    Fos immunohistochemistry was used to indicate whether activation of trigeminal neurons occurs in voluntarily diving rats...
  26. pmc Transatlantic migration and deep mid-ocean diving by basking shark
    Mauvis A Gore
    University Marine Biological Station, Millport, Isle of Cumbrae, UK
    Biol Lett 4:395-8. 2008
    ..This result provides the first evidence for a link between European and American populations and indicates that basking sharks make use of deep-water habitats beyond the shelf edge...
  27. ncbi Arterial blood gases during diving in elite apnea divers
    C M Muth
    Division of Pathophysiology and Process Development in Anaesthesia, Department of Anaesthesiology, University Medical School Ulm, Parkstrasse 11, 89073 Ulm, Germany
    Int J Sports Med 24:104-7. 2003
    ..0/3.9 kPa before diving vs. 5.7/5.9 kPa at the end of the bottom time), probably due to the CO2 storage capacity of the blood...
  28. ncbi Extreme human breath-hold diving
    G Ferretti
    Department of Physiology, University Medical Centre, 1 rue Michel Servet, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland
    Eur J Appl Physiol 84:254-71. 2001
    In this paper, the respiratory, circulatory and metabolic adjustments to human extreme breath-hold diving are reviewed...
  29. ncbi Mechanism of the human diving response
    B A Gooden
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Queen s Medical Centre, University of Nottingham, U K
    Integr Physiol Behav Sci 29:6-16. 1994
    The diving response in human beings is characterized by breath-holding, slowing of the heart rate (diving bradycardia), reduction of limb blood flow and a gradual rise in the mean arterial blood pressure...
  30. ncbi Body density affects stroke patterns in Baikal seals
    Yuuki Watanabe
    Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 1 15 1 Minamidai, Nakano, Tokyo 164 8639, Japan
    J Exp Biol 209:3269-80. 2006
    ..These four data sets revealed the general diving patterns of Baikal seals and also provided direct insights into the influence of buoyancy on these patterns...
  31. doi Prognostic factors of spinal cord decompression sickness in recreational diving: retrospective and multicentric analysis of 279 cases
    Jean Eric Blatteau
    Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées, Antenne Toulon, UMR MD2, P2COE Université de la Méditerranée, BP 20548, 83041, Toulon Cedex 9, France
    Neurocrit Care 15:120-7. 2011
    This study aims to determine the potential risk factors associated with the development of severe diving-related spinal cord decompression sickness (DCS).
  32. ncbi Stomach temperature telemetry reveals temporal patterns of foraging success in a free-ranging marine mammal
    Deborah Austin
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B2H 4J1, Canada
    J Anim Ecol 75:408-20. 2006
    ..free-ranging grey seals using stomach temperature telemetry to test if previously reported sex differences in the diving, movement and diet were reflected in the temporal pattern of foraging success. 2...
  33. ncbi Speciation of Iberian diving beetles in Pleistocene refugia (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae)
    Ignacio Ribera
    Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
    Mol Ecol 13:179-93. 2004
    ..genes 16S rRNA and cytochrome oxidase I to establish the relationships of 27 of the 34 endemic Iberian species of diving beetles in the family Dytiscidae, and to investigate their level of divergence...
  34. ncbi Decompression sickness following breath-hold diving
    J D Schipke
    Research Group Experimental Surgery, University Hospital Duesseldorf, Germany
    Res Sports Med 14:163-78. 2006
    Despite convincing evidence of a relationship between breath-hold diving and decompression sickness (DCS), the causal connection is only slowly being accepted...
  35. ncbi Nutritional status changes in humans during a 14-day saturation dive: the NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations V project
    Scott M Smith
    NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    J Nutr 134:1765-71. 2004
    ..To determine whether saturation diving has nutrition-related effects similar to those of spaceflight, we conducted a clinical nutritional assessment of ..
  36. ncbi Behavioral inference of diving metabolic rate in free-ranging leatherback turtles
    Corey J A Bradshaw
    School for Environmental Research, Institute of Advanced Studies, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory 0909, Australia
    Physiol Biochem Zool 80:209-19. 2007
    ..From this index of ADL and the known mass-specific oxygen storage capacity (To(2)) of leatherbacks, we inferred diving metabolic rate (DMR) as To2/ADL...
  37. ncbi The development of diving bradycardia in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)
    S R Noren
    Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Department, Center for Ocean Health, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
    J Comp Physiol B 174:139-47. 2004
    ..To determine if diving bradycardia improves with age, cardiac patterns from trained immature and mature bottlenose dolphins ( Tursiops ..
  38. ncbi Hematological response and diving response during apnea and apnea with face immersion
    Erika Schagatay
    Department of Natural Sciences, Mid Sweden University, 851 70, Sundsvall, Sweden
    Eur J Appl Physiol 101:125-32. 2007
    Increased hematocrit (Hct) attributable to splenic contraction accompanies human apneic diving or apnea with face immersion. Apnea also causes heart rate reduction and peripheral vasoconstriction, i.e...
  39. doi Diving into old age: muscular senescence in a large-bodied, long-lived mammal, the Weddell seal (Leptonychotes weddellii)
    Allyson G Hindle
    Department of Marine Biology, Texas A and M University at Galveston, 5007 Avenue U, Galveston, TX 77551, USA
    J Exp Biol 212:790-6. 2009
    ..theory of aging supports the suggestion that exercise hypoxia, as regularly incurred during apneustic foraging in diving mammals might lead to cellular dysfunction and accelerated aging...
  40. ncbi Total body oxygen stores and physiological diving capacity of California sea lions as a function of sex and age
    Michael J Weise
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Santa Cruz, Center for Ocean Health, 100 Shaffer Road, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
    J Exp Biol 210:278-89. 2007
    ..To evaluate the influence of oxygen storage capacity on aerobic diving capacity, we examined the extent to which blood and muscle oxygen stores varied as a function of age, body size ..
  41. ncbi Total haemoglobin mass and spleen contraction: a study on competitive apnea divers, non-diving athletes and untrained control subjects
    Nicole Prommer
    Arbeitsbereich Sportmedizin, Universitat, 95440, Bayreuth, Germany
    Eur J Appl Physiol 101:753-9. 2007
    In diving mammals splenic contraction increases circulating red cell volume, whereas in humans increased haemoglobin concentrations have been reported...
  42. ncbi Swimming gaits, passive drag and buoyancy of diving sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus
    Patrick J O Miller
    Sea Mammal Research Unit, University of St Andrews, Fife, KY16 8LB, Scotland
    J Exp Biol 207:1953-67. 2004
    Drag and buoyancy are two primary external forces acting on diving marine mammals. The strength of these forces modulates the energetic cost of movement and may influence swimming style (gait)...
  43. doi Tracheal compression delays alveolar collapse during deep diving in marine mammals
    Brian L Bostrom
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, B C V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 161:298-305. 2008
    ..upper airways; an adaptation that allows air to move from the alveoli into the upper airways, during breath-hold diving. Alveolar collapse is thought occur between 30 and 100 m and studies that have attempted to estimate gas exchange ..
  44. ncbi Effects of physical and apnea training on apneic time and the diving response in humans
    E Schagatay
    Department of Animal Physiology, Lund University, Sweden
    Eur J Appl Physiol 82:161-9. 2000
    The aim of this investigation was to study separately the effects of physical training and apnea training on the diving response and apneic time in humans...
  45. pmc The rat: a laboratory model for studies of the diving response
    W Michael Panneton
    Department of Pharmacological and Physiological Science, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63104 1028, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 108:811-20. 2010
    ..These effects are collectively termed the diving response, potentially the most powerful autonomic reflex known...
  46. pmc Buspirone, chlordiazepoxide and diazepam effects in a zebrafish model of anxiety
    Zachary Bencan
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, 340 Bell Building, Box 3412, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 94:75-80. 2009
    ..We have developed a method to assess novel environment diving behavior of zebrafish as a model of stress response and anxiolytic drug effects...
  47. ncbi Diving and swimming performance of white whales, Delphinapterus leucas: an assessment of plasma lactate and blood gas levels and respiratory rates
    S A Shaffer
    Marine Sciences Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    J Exp Biol 200:3091-9. 1997
    ..We studied trained white whales with the specific goal of assessing their diving and swimming performance. Two adult whales performed dives to a test platform suspended at depths of 5-300 m...
  48. doi The physiology and pathophysiology of human breath-hold diving
    Peter Lindholm
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Insitutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 106:284-92. 2009
    ..of physiological reactions, limitations, and pathophysiological mechanisms associated with human breath-hold diving. Breath-hold duration and ability to withstand compression at depth are the two main challenges that have been ..
  49. ncbi Path analysis of self-efficacy and diving performance revisited
    Deborah L Feltz
    Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
    J Sport Exerc Psychol 30:401-11. 2008
    The Feltz (1982) path analysis of the relationship between diving efficacy and performance showed that, over trials, past performance was a stronger predictor than self-efficacy of performance...
  50. doi Measuring foraging activity in a deep-diving bird: comparing wiggles, oesophageal temperatures and beak-opening angles as proxies of feeding
    Nicolas Hanuise
    Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chize, CEBC CNRS UPR 1934, Villiers en Bois, France
    J Exp Biol 213:3874-80. 2010
    ..that take advantage of miniaturised data logging technology, most commonly: detection of (i) anomalies in diving profiles (wiggles), (ii) drops in oesophageal temperature and (iii) the opening of mouth parts (recorded with a ..
  51. ncbi The diving behaviour of green turtles undertaking oceanic migration to and from Ascension Island: dive durations, dive profiles and depth distribution
    G C Hays
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
    J Exp Biol 204:4093-8. 2001
    ..do not behave invariantly, but instead alternate between periods of travelling just beneath the surface and diving deeper...
  52. pmc Seasonal movements, aggregations and diving behavior of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) revealed with archival tags
    Andreas Walli
    Tuna Research and Conservation Center, Stanford University, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, CA, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e6151. 2009
    Electronic tags were used to examine the seasonal movements, aggregations and diving behaviors of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) to better understand their migration ecology and oceanic habitat utilization...
  53. ncbi Effect of heliox, oxygen and air breathing on helium bubbles after heliox diving
    O Hyldegaard
    Laboratory ofHyperbaric Medicine, Department of Anaesthesia, Centre of Head and Orthopaedics, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
    Undersea Hyperb Med 34:107-22. 2007
    ..If recompression beyond the maximum treatment pressure of oxygen is required, these results indicate that a breathing mixture of heliox may be better than air during the treatment of decompression sickness following heliox diving.
  54. ncbi Pharmacological blockade of the dive response: effects on heart rate and diving behaviour in the harbour seal (Phoca vitulina)
    Nicole M Elliott
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z4
    J Exp Biol 205:3757-65. 2002
    While diving, harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) manage their oxygen stores through cardiovascular adjustments, including bradycardia, a concurrent reduction in cardiac output, and peripheral vasoconstriction...
  55. ncbi Foraging Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) produce distinct click types matched to different phases of echolocation
    M Johnson
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:5038-50. 2006
    ..It is suggested that the two click types are adapted to the separate problems of target detection and classification versus capture of low target strength prey in a cluttered acoustic environment...
  56. doi The ontogeny of aerobic and diving capacity in the skeletal muscles of Weddell seals
    S B Kanatous
    Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 1878, USA
    J Exp Biol 211:2559-65. 2008
    ..Our objective was to determine the ontogenetic changes in the skeletal muscles of Weddell seals that transform a non-diving pup into an elite diving adult...
  57. pmc A single air dive reduces arterial endothelial function in man
    A O Brubakk
    Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    J Physiol 566:901-6. 2005
    ..that these bubbles can lead to endothelial dysfunction in the pulmonary artery but no data exist on the effect of diving on arterial endothelial function...
  58. ncbi Sink or swim: strategies for cost-efficient diving by marine mammals
    T M Williams
    Department of Biology, EMS A316, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Science 288:133-6. 2000
    Locomotor activity by diving marine mammals is accomplished while breath-holding and often exceeds predicted aerobic capacities...
  59. pmc The cardiovascular and endocrine responses to voluntary and forced diving in trained and untrained rats
    Paul F McCulloch
    Dept of Physiology, Midwestern Univ, 555 31st St, Downers Grove, IL 60515, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 298:R224-34. 2010
    The mammalian diving response, consisting of apnea, bradycardia, and increased total peripheral resistance, can be modified by conscious awareness, fear, and anticipation...
  60. ncbi Activation of brainstem catecholaminergic neurons during voluntary diving in rats
    Paul F McCulloch
    Department of Physiology, Midwestern University, 555 31st Street, Downers Grove, IL 60515, USA
    Brain Res 984:42-53. 2003
    ..On the day of the experiment the rats were randomly separated into a Diving group that repetitively dived underwater, a Swimming group that repetitively swam on the surface of the water, and ..
  61. ncbi Electrical stimulation of the anterior ethmoidal nerve produces the diving response
    P F McCulloch
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, 1402 South Grand Blvd, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
    Brain Res 830:24-31. 1999
    ..This cardiorespiratory response, often called the diving response, is usually initiated by nasal stimulation...
  62. ncbi Metabolic regulation in diving birds and mammals
    Patrick J Butler
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 141:297-315. 2004
    ..for durations that are consistent with their elevated stores of usable oxygen and their metabolic rate while diving being similar to that when they are resting at the surface of the water...
  63. ncbi Diving response and arterial oxygen saturation during apnea and exercise in breath-hold divers
    Johan P A Andersson
    Department of Animal Physiology, Lund University, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 93:882-6. 2002
    This study addressed the effects of apnea in air and apnea with face immersion in cold water (10 degrees C) on the diving response and arterial oxygen saturation during dynamic exercise...
  64. ncbi Buoyancy and maximal diving depth in penguins: do they control inhaling air volume?
    Katsufumi Sato
    National Institute of Polar Research, 1 9 10 Kaga, Itabashi, Tokyo 173 8515, Japan
    J Exp Biol 205:1189-97. 2002
    ..This suggests that penguins regulate their air volume to optimize the costs and benefits of buoyancy...
  65. ncbi Diving metabolism and thermoregulation in common and thick-billed murres
    D A Croll
    Physiological Research Laboratory, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA 92093
    J Comp Physiol B 163:160-6. 1993
    The diving and thermoregulatory metabolic rates of two species of diving seabird, common (Uria aalge) and thick-billed murres (U. lomvia), were studied in the laboratory...
  66. ncbi Swim speeds and stroke patterns in wing-propelled divers: a comparison among alcids and a penguin
    Yutaka Watanuki
    Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, Minato cho 3 1 1, Hakodate, 041 8611, Japan
    J Exp Biol 209:1217-30. 2006
    In diving birds, the volume and resulting buoyancy of air spaces changes with dive depth, and hydrodynamic drag varies with swim speed...
  67. doi Body iron stores and oxidative damage in humans increased during and after a 10- to 12-day undersea dive
    Sara R Zwart
    Universities Space Research Association, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    J Nutr 139:90-5. 2009
    ..Labile plasma iron was measurable only during the dive. These data indicate that the NEEMO environment increases body iron stores and labile forms of iron, which may contribute to oxidative damage...
  68. ncbi Adaptations to diving hypoxia in the heart, kidneys and splanchnic organs of harbor seals (Phoca vitulina)
    Amanda L Fuson
    Department of Marine Biology, Texas A and M University at Galveston, 5007 Avenue U, Galveston, TX 77551, USA
    J Exp Biol 206:4139-54. 2003
    ..dehydrogenase (HOAD) activities in their swimming muscles to maintain an aerobic, fat-based metabolism during diving. The goal of this study was to determine whether the heart, kidneys and splanchnic organs have an elevated VV(mt) ..
  69. ncbi CNS oxygen toxicity in closed-circuit diving: signs and symptoms before loss of consciousness
    R Arieli
    Israel Naval Medical Institute, IDF Medical Corps, Haifa, Israel
    Aviat Space Environ Med 77:1153-7. 2006
    There is a dearth of information regarding CNS oxygen toxicity accidents in closed-circuit oxygen diving. The aims of the present study were to report the sensations and symptoms that accompany CNS oxygen toxicity accidents, and to ..
  70. ncbi Heliox, nitrox, and trimix diving; hyperbaric oxygen treatment; and a flaw in Henry's law
    Ran Arieli
    Israel Naval Medical Institute, Haifa, Israel
    J Appl Physiol 102:1323. 2007
  71. ncbi Diving emergencies
    Antonio DeGorordo
    Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas, Tamaulipas, Mexico
    Resuscitation 59:171-80. 2003
    Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus (SCUBA) diving popularity is increasing tremendously, reaching a total of 9 million people in the US during 2001, and 50,000 in the UK in 1985...
  72. ncbi Bilateral carotid artery dissection caused by springboard diving
    Martin Furtner
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck University Clinic, Innsbruck, Austria
    Clin J Sport Med 16:76-8. 2006
  73. ncbi Breathing hypoxic gas affects the physiology as well as the diving behaviour of tufted ducks
    Lewis G Halsey
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Physiol Biochem Zool 78:273-84. 2005
    ..and during dives in tufted ducks, Aythya fuligula, to investigate to what extent these may explain changes in diving behaviour...
  74. ncbi Surfactant from diving aquatic mammals
    Roger G Spragg
    Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine and San Diego Veterans Affairs HealthCare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 96:1626-32. 2004
    b>Diving mammals that descend to depths of 50-70 m or greater fully collapse the gas exchanging portions of their lungs and then reexpand these areas with ascent...
  75. ncbi Year-round recordings of behavioural and physiological parameters reveal the survival strategy of a poorly insulated diving endotherm during the Arctic winter
    David Grémillet
    Centre d Ecologie et Physiologie Energetiques, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 67087 Strasbourg Cedex 02, France
    J Exp Biol 208:4231-41. 2005
    Warm-blooded diving animals wintering in polar regions are expected to show a high degree of morphological adaptation allowing efficient thermal insulation...
  76. ncbi The effects of depth, temperature and food ingestion on the foraging energetics of a diving endotherm, the double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)
    Manfred R Enstipp
    Centre d Ecologie et Physiologie Energetiques, CNRS, 23 rue Becquerel, F 67087 Strasbourg Cedex 2, France
    J Exp Biol 209:845-59. 2006
    ..The complex effect that depth has on the diving energetics of aquatic birds has largely been ignored...
  77. pmc It is time to move: linking flight and foraging behaviour in a diving bird
    David Pelletier
    Departement de Biologie, Universite du Quebec a Rimouski, Rimouski, Quebec, Canada G5L 3A1
    Biol Lett 3:357-9. 2007
    ..of flights over several months by implanting a data logger that records heart rate (fH), hydrostatic pressure (diving depth) and the body angle of a large sea duck species, the common eider (Somateria mollissima)...
  78. ncbi The autonomic nervous control of heart rate in ducks during voluntary diving
    L T McPhail
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Physiol Biochem Zool 72:164-9. 1999
    Autonomic nervous control of heart rate was studied in voluntarily diving ducks (Aythya affinis)...
  79. pmc Acute ischemic colitis during scuba diving: report of a unique case
    Konstantinos Goumas
    Department of Gastroenterology, Red Cross Hospital of Athens, Athens, Greece
    World J Gastroenterol 14:3262-5. 2008
    The presentation of clinical symptoms due to decompression during diving, varies significantly, as mainly minor disturbances for the gastrointestinal tract in particular have been reported...
  80. ncbi Pulmonary edema associated with scuba diving : case reports and review
    J B Slade
    Doctors Medical Center, San Pablo, CA 94806, USA
    Chest 120:1686-94. 2001
    ..All scuba divers were treated with complete resolution, and three have returned to diving without further episodes...
  81. ncbi Diving behavior in Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae): avoidance of a predacious wolf spider (Araneae: Lycosidae) in relation to life stage and water depth
    Kyoko Futami
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan
    J Med Entomol 45:1050-6. 2008
    ..The duration of diving by larvae and pupae decreased with age...
  82. ncbi Allometry of diving capacities: ectothermy vs. endothermy
    F Brischoux
    Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chizé CNRS, Villiers en Bois, France
    J Evol Biol 21:324-9. 2008
    Body mass positively influences diving capacities in air-breathing vertebrates and has been identified as a key determinant for the evolution of diving...
  83. doi Diving down the reefs? Intensive diving tourism threatens the reefs of the northern Red Sea
    Harald Hasler
    Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Mar Pollut Bull 56:1788-94. 2008
    Intensive recreational SCUBA diving threatens coral reef ecosystems. The reefs at Dahab, South Sinai, Egypt, are among the world's most dived (>30,000 dives y(-1)). We compared frequently dived sites to sites with no or little diving...
  84. ncbi Recreational scuba diving, patent foramen ovale and their associated risks
    M Schwerzmann
    Swiss Cardiovascular Center Bern, University Hospital, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 131:365-74. 2001
    Scuba diving has become a popular leisure time activity with distinct risks to health owing to its physical characteristics...
  85. doi Pulmonary gas exchange in diving
    R E Moon
    Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 106:668-77. 2009
    b>Diving-related pulmonary effects are due mostly to increased gas density, immersion-related increase in pulmonary blood volume, and (usually) a higher inspired Po(2)...
  86. doi Pulmonary edema and hemoptysis after breath-hold diving at residual volume
    Peter Lindholm
    Centre for Environmental Physiology, Karolinska Institutet, 17177, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 104:912-7. 2008
    To simulate pressure effects and experience thoracic compression while breath-hold diving in a relatively safe environment, competitive breath-hold divers exhale to residual volume before diving in a swimming pool, thus compressing the ..
  87. ncbi Foraging energetics and diving behavior of lactating New Zealand sea lions, Phocarctos hookeri
    D P Costa
    Department of Biology, Institute of Marine Science, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    J Exp Biol 203:3655-65. 2000
    The New Zealand sea lion, Phocarctos hookeri, is the deepest- and longest-diving sea lion. We were interested in whether the diving ability of this animal was related to changes in its at-sea and diving metabolic rates...
  88. ncbi Common causes of open-circuit recreational diving fatalities
    P J Denoble
    Divers Alert Network, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Undersea Hyperb Med 35:393-406. 2008
    b>Diving fatalities causes were investigated in 947 recreational open-circuit scuba diving deaths from 1992-2003...
  89. doi Assessing the validity of the accelerometry technique for estimating the energy expenditure of diving double-crested cormorants Phalacrocorax auritus
    L G Halsey
    Roehampton University, London SW15 4JD, UK
    Physiol Biochem Zool 84:230-7. 2011
    ..The results show that ODBA does not calibrate with energy expenditure in diving cormorants, where energy expenditure is calculated from measures of oxygen uptake during surface periods between ..
  90. ncbi Effect of pharmacological blockade on cardiovascular responses to voluntary and forced diving in muskrats
    P E Signore
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Exp Biol 198:2307-15. 1995
    Neural control of free and forced diving bradycardia and peripheral resistance was studied in the muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus) by means of acute pharmacological blockade with the muscarinic blocker atropine, the alpha-adrenergic blocker ..
  91. pmc Surgical removal of right-to-left cardiac shunt in the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) causes ventricular enlargement but does not alter apnoea or metabolism during diving
    John Eme
    Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, 321 Steinhaus Hall, Irvine, CA 92697 2525, USA
    J Exp Biol 212:3553-63. 2009
    ..and has often been observed during the frequent apnoeic periods of non-avian reptiles, particularly during diving in aquatic species...
  92. ncbi The physiology of diving in a north-temperate and three tropical turtle species
    C E Crocker
    Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Physiology, and Biotechnology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    J Comp Physiol B 169:249-55. 1999
    ....
  93. ncbi Time course of carbon monoxide transfer factor after breath-hold diving
    R Prediletto
    CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology, Pisa, Italy
    Undersea Hyperb Med 36:93-101. 2009
    Breath-hold divers may experience haemoptysis during diving. Central pooling of blood as well as compression of pulmonary gas content can damage the integrity of the blood-gas barrier, resulting in alveolar hemorrhage...
  94. doi The role of infrequent and extraordinary deep dives in leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea)
    Jonathan D R Houghton
    School of Biological Sciences, Queen s University Belfast, Medical Biology Centre, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast, BT9 7BL, UK
    J Exp Biol 211:2566-75. 2008
    ..If unsuccessful, then migration may continue until a more suitable site is encountered. Additional studies using a meta-analytical approach are nonetheless recommended to further resolve this matter...
  95. ncbi Stroke patterns and regulation of swim speed and energy cost in free-ranging Brünnich's guillemots
    James R Lovvorn
    Department of Zoology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
    J Exp Biol 207:4679-95. 2004
    ..For dives to depths >20 m, drag is by far the main component of mechanical work for these diving birds, and speed may be regulated to keep work against drag within a relatively narrow range.
  96. ncbi Ontogeny of diving behaviour in the Australian sea lion: trials of adolescence in a late bloomer
    Shannon L Fowler
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    J Anim Ecol 75:358-67. 2006
    ..Lactating females demonstrate almost continuous diving, maximize bottom time, exhibit elevated field metabolism and frequently exceed their calculated aerobic dive limit...
  97. ncbi A single open sea air dive increases pulmonary artery pressure and reduces right ventricular function in professional divers
    Zeljko Dujic
    Department of Physiology, University of Split School of Medicine, Soltanska 2, 21000 Split, Croatia
    Eur J Appl Physiol 97:478-85. 2006
    ..No data exist on the effect of open sea diving on the pulmonary artery pressure (PAP). Eight professional divers performed an open sea air dive to 30 msw...
  98. ncbi Reduced taxonomic richness of lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) in diving birds
    B Felsõ
    Zoological Institute, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent Istvan University, Budapest, Rottenbiller st 50, H 1078 Hungary
    J Parasitol 92:867-9. 2006
    ..Here, we use a comparative approach to examine the effect of a host's diving behavior on the taxonomic richness of its lice...
  99. ncbi Effects of ambient cold and depth on lung function in humans after a single scuba dive
    K Tetzlaff
    Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma KG, Biberach, Germany
    Eur J Appl Physiol 85:125-9. 2001
    This study evaluated the subacute respiratory effects of diving, to try to separate the effects of ambient temperature from those of depth...
  100. ncbi Diving and marine medicine review part II: diving diseases
    A Spira
    The Travel Medicine Center, Beverly Hills, California 90211, USA
    J Travel Med 6:180-98. 1999
    b>Diving is a high-risk sport...
  101. ncbi To what extent is the foraging behaviour of aquatic birds constrained by their physiology?
    Jonathan A Green
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Physiol Biochem Zool 78:766-81. 2005
    ..Quantification of an optimal diving model for tufted ducks (Aythya fuligula) shows that while they dive efficiently by spending a minimum amount of ..

Research Grants69

  1. Mechanisms of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation during Prolonged Fasting and Slee
    Rudy Ortiz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..weaned and commence a 2- 3 month long fast, all-the-while continuing to develop organ systems required for diving that will ensue following their postweaning fast...
  2. Mechanisms of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation during Prolonged Fasting and Slee
    Rudy M Ortiz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..weaned and commence a 2- 3 month long fast, all-the-while continuing to develop organ systems required for diving that will ensue following their postweaning fast...
  3. Mechanisms of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation during Prolonged Fasting and Slee
    Rudy M Ortiz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..weaned and commence a 2- 3 month long fast, all-the-while continuing to develop organ systems required for diving that will ensue following their postweaning fast...
  4. MECHANISM OF CARDIORESPIRATORY RHYTHM IN NEONATES
    David Mendelowitz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    The diving reflex is the most powerful autonomic reflex. Stimulation of the diving reflex evokes a pronounced bradycardia with heart rate decreasing up to 51% upon a single facial submersion...
  5. MECHANISM OF CARDIORESPIRATORY RHYTHM IN NEONATES
    David Mendelowitz; Fiscal Year: 2011
    The diving reflex is the most powerful autonomic reflex. Stimulation of the diving reflex evokes a pronounced bradycardia with heart rate decreasing up to 51% upon a single facial submersion...
  6. Nicotine Modulation of Parasympathetic Cardiac Neurons
    David Mendelowitz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    The trigeminocardiac and diving reflexes are among the most powerful autonomic reflexes...
  7. Nicotine Modulation of Parasympathetic Cardiac Neurons
    David Mendelowitz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    The trigeminocardiac and diving reflexes are among the most powerful autonomic reflexes...
  8. Neural Circulatory Control in the Long QT Syndrome
    Virend Somers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..swimming) have abnormal responses to chemoreflex activation, particularly during apnea, and abnormalities in the diving reflex response...
  9. Entry Mechanisms of Mycobacterium marinum
    Jeffrey Cirillo; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..is relatively common in professions involving almost any water source, including aquarium maintenance, fishing and diving. Currently, infections occur at a frequency of nearly 200 per year in the U.S...
  10. Beyond GFP and aequorin: Ocean-wide study of fluorescent and luminous proteins
    Mikhail Matz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our sampling methods include plankton towing, blue water SCUBA diving, midwater trawling and submersible/ROV operations...
  11. Beyond GFP and aequorin: Ocean-wide study of fluorescent and luminous proteins
    Mikhail Matz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our sampling methods include plankton towing, blue water SCUBA diving, midwater trawling and submersible/ROV operations...
  12. Inhibition of Integrase-Mediated Viral Nuclear Transport
    Mark Muesing; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The fact that our mutants are defective in dividing as well as non-diving cells is concordant with recent data indicating that nuclear transport of the HIV-1 genome is independent of ..
  13. CHEMORECEPTOR INPUT TO NONRESPIRATORY CELLS IN NTS
    STEVEN MIFFLIN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..will prove useful in understanding chemoreflex function in situations where blood gas levels change for brief periods (sleep, diving, exercise, hemorrhage) and prolonged periods (sojourns to high altitude, congestive heart failure).
  14. The upper airway and the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
    Donald Bartlett; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will examine the influence of each of these conditions on three upper airway reflex responses: the "diving" response, the laryngeal chemo reflex and the load-compensating reflex response to upper airway obstruction...
  15. Extraocular muscle stem cells for DMD therapy
    Tejvir Khurana; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..First, adult muscle has been shown to contain stem cells that are capable of diving, transdifferentiation and engraftment...
  16. THE CPA: SOMATIC AND AUTONOMIC SYSTEMS
    W Panneton; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The cardiorespiratory depression (the diving response) seen after stimulation of he upper respiratory tract (URT) has served as my model...
  17. Trigeminal Autonomic Interactions
    Paul McCulloch; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Having a better understanding of brainstem cardiorespiratory integration might provide a neurological basis for the etiology of SIDS. ..
  18. Does Nasal Stimulation Activate Presympathetic Neurons?
    Paul McCulloch; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..As such, this research has implications for understanding the etiology of neurogenic hypertension. ..