Summary: An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.
Publications228 found, 100 shown here
- Extreme diving of beaked whalesPeter L Tyack
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
J Exp Biol 209:4238-53. 2006..of gas emboli in beaked whales stranded during naval sonar exercises have led to the hypothesis that their deep-diving may make them especially vulnerable to decompression...
- Seasonal movements, aggregations and diving behavior of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) revealed with archival tagsAndreas Walli
Tuna Research and Conservation Center, Stanford University, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, CA, USA
PLoS ONE 4:e6151. 2009Electronic tags were used to examine the seasonal movements, aggregations and diving behaviors of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) to better understand their migration ecology and oceanic habitat utilization...
- Deep-diving foraging behaviour of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus)Stephanie L Watwood
Department of Biology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
J Anim Ecol 75:814-25. 20061. Digital tags were used to describe diving and vocal behaviour of sperm whales during 198 complete and partial foraging dives made by 37 individual sperm whales in the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Ligurian Sea. 2...
- Foraging Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) produce distinct click types matched to different phases of echolocationM Johnson
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
J Exp Biol 209:5038-50. 2006..It is suggested that the two click types are adapted to the separate problems of target detection and classification versus capture of low target strength prey in a cluttered acoustic environment...
- The diving behaviour of green turtles undertaking oceanic migration to and from Ascension Island: dive durations, dive profiles and depth distributionG C Hays
School of Biological Sciences, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
J Exp Biol 204:4093-8. 2001..do not behave invariantly, but instead alternate between periods of travelling just beneath the surface and diving deeper...
- Effect of heliox, oxygen and air breathing on helium bubbles after heliox divingO Hyldegaard
Laboratory ofHyperbaric Medicine, Department of Anaesthesia, Centre of Head and Orthopaedics, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
Undersea Hyperb Med 34:107-22. 2007..If recompression beyond the maximum treatment pressure of oxygen is required, these results indicate that a breathing mixture of heliox may be better than air during the treatment of decompression sickness following heliox diving.
- Physiology of diving of birds and mammalsP J Butler
School of Biological Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, United Kingdom
Physiol Rev 77:837-99. 1997This review concentrates on the physiological responses, and their control, in freely diving birds and mammals that enable them to remain submerged and sometimes quite active for extended periods of time...
- Pharmacological blockade of the dive response: effects on heart rate and diving behaviour in the harbour seal (Phoca vitulina)Nicole M Elliott
Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z4
J Exp Biol 205:3757-65. 2002While diving, harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) manage their oxygen stores through cardiovascular adjustments, including bradycardia, a concurrent reduction in cardiac output, and peripheral vasoconstriction...
- Buspirone, chlordiazepoxide and diazepam effects in a zebrafish model of anxietyZachary Bencan
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, 340 Bell Building, Box 3412, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 94:75-80. 2009..We have developed a method to assess novel environment diving behavior of zebrafish as a model of stress response and anxiolytic drug effects...
- Surfactant from diving aquatic mammalsRoger G Spragg
Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine and San Diego Veterans Affairs HealthCare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
J Appl Physiol 96:1626-32. 2004b>Diving mammals that descend to depths of 50-70 m or greater fully collapse the gas exchanging portions of their lungs and then reexpand these areas with ascent...
- Year-round recordings of behavioural and physiological parameters reveal the survival strategy of a poorly insulated diving endotherm during the Arctic winterDavid Grémillet
Centre d Ecologie et Physiologie Energetiques, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 67087 Strasbourg Cedex 02, France
J Exp Biol 208:4231-41. 2005Warm-blooded diving animals wintering in polar regions are expected to show a high degree of morphological adaptation allowing efficient thermal insulation...
- Extreme human breath-hold divingG Ferretti
Department of Physiology, University Medical Centre, 1 rue Michel Servet, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland
Eur J Appl Physiol 84:254-71. 2001In this paper, the respiratory, circulatory and metabolic adjustments to human extreme breath-hold diving are reviewed...
- Common causes of open-circuit recreational diving fatalitiesP J Denoble
Divers Alert Network, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Undersea Hyperb Med 35:393-406. 2008b>Diving fatalities causes were investigated in 947 recreational open-circuit scuba diving deaths from 1992-2003...
- Adaptations to diving hypoxia in the heart, kidneys and splanchnic organs of harbor seals (Phoca vitulina)Amanda L Fuson
Department of Marine Biology, Texas A and M University at Galveston, 5007 Avenue U, Galveston, TX 77551, USA
J Exp Biol 206:4139-54. 2003..dehydrogenase (HOAD) activities in their swimming muscles to maintain an aerobic, fat-based metabolism during diving. The goal of this study was to determine whether the heart, kidneys and splanchnic organs have an elevated VV(mt) ..
- The effects of depth, temperature and food ingestion on the foraging energetics of a diving endotherm, the double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)Manfred R Enstipp
Centre d Ecologie et Physiologie Energetiques, CNRS, 23 rue Becquerel, F 67087 Strasbourg Cedex 2, France
J Exp Biol 209:845-59. 2006..The complex effect that depth has on the diving energetics of aquatic birds has largely been ignored...
- Bilateral carotid artery dissection caused by springboard divingMartin Furtner
Department of Neurology, Innsbruck University Clinic, Innsbruck, Austria
Clin J Sport Med 16:76-8. 2006
- Diving emergenciesAntonio DeGorordo
Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas, Tamaulipas, Mexico
Resuscitation 59:171-80. 2003Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus (SCUBA) diving popularity is increasing tremendously, reaching a total of 9 million people in the US during 2001, and 50,000 in the UK in 1985...
- Recreational scuba diving, patent foramen ovale and their associated risksM Schwerzmann
Swiss Cardiovascular Center Bern, University Hospital, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland
Swiss Med Wkly 131:365-74. 2001Scuba diving has become a popular leisure time activity with distinct risks to health owing to its physical characteristics...
- Time course of carbon monoxide transfer factor after breath-hold divingR Prediletto
CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology, Pisa, Italy
Undersea Hyperb Med 36:93-101. 2009Breath-hold divers may experience haemoptysis during diving. Central pooling of blood as well as compression of pulmonary gas content can damage the integrity of the blood-gas barrier, resulting in alveolar hemorrhage...
- Pulmonary edema associated with scuba diving : case reports and reviewJ B Slade
Doctors Medical Center, San Pablo, CA 94806, USA
Chest 120:1686-94. 2001..All scuba divers were treated with complete resolution, and three have returned to diving without further episodes...
- Surgical removal of right-to-left cardiac shunt in the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) causes ventricular enlargement but does not alter apnoea or metabolism during divingJohn Eme
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, 321 Steinhaus Hall, Irvine, CA 92697 2525, USA
J Exp Biol 212:3553-63. 2009..and has often been observed during the frequent apnoeic periods of non-avian reptiles, particularly during diving in aquatic species...
- Breathing hypoxic gas affects the physiology as well as the diving behaviour of tufted ducksLewis G Halsey
School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, UK
Physiol Biochem Zool 78:273-84. 2005..and during dives in tufted ducks, Aythya fuligula, to investigate to what extent these may explain changes in diving behaviour...
- Speciation of Iberian diving beetles in Pleistocene refugia (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae)Ignacio Ribera
Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
Mol Ecol 13:179-93. 2004..genes 16S rRNA and cytochrome oxidase I to establish the relationships of 27 of the 34 endemic Iberian species of diving beetles in the family Dytiscidae, and to investigate their level of divergence...
- The cardiovascular and endocrine responses to voluntary and forced diving in trained and untrained ratsPaul F McCulloch
Dept of Physiology, Midwestern Univ, 555 31st St, Downers Grove, IL 60515, USA
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 298:R224-34. 2010The mammalian diving response, consisting of apnea, bradycardia, and increased total peripheral resistance, can be modified by conscious awareness, fear, and anticipation...
- Activation of brainstem catecholaminergic neurons during voluntary diving in ratsPaul F McCulloch
Department of Physiology, Midwestern University, 555 31st Street, Downers Grove, IL 60515, USA
Brain Res 984:42-53. 2003..On the day of the experiment the rats were randomly separated into a Diving group that repetitively dived underwater, a Swimming group that repetitively swam on the surface of the water, and ..
- Diving behavior in Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae): avoidance of a predacious wolf spider (Araneae: Lycosidae) in relation to life stage and water depthKyoko Futami
Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan
J Med Entomol 45:1050-6. 2008..The duration of diving by larvae and pupae decreased with age...
- Foraging energetics and diving behavior of lactating New Zealand sea lions, Phocarctos hookeriD P Costa
Department of Biology, Institute of Marine Science, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
J Exp Biol 203:3655-65. 2000The New Zealand sea lion, Phocarctos hookeri, is the deepest- and longest-diving sea lion. We were interested in whether the diving ability of this animal was related to changes in its at-sea and diving metabolic rates...
- The rat: a laboratory model for studies of the diving responseW Michael Panneton
Department of Pharmacological and Physiological Science, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63104 1028, USA
J Appl Physiol 108:811-20. 2010..These effects are collectively termed the diving response, potentially the most powerful autonomic reflex known...
- Estimating the effect of lung collapse and pulmonary shunt on gas exchange during breath-hold diving: the Scholander and Kooyman legacyA Fahlman
Global Diving Research, Ottawa, ON, Canada K2J 5E8
Respir Physiol Neurobiol 165:28-39. 2009..collapse (pulmonary shunt) on the uptake and removal of O(2), CO(2) and N(2) in blood and tissue of breath-hold diving mammals...
- The autonomic nervous control of heart rate in ducks during voluntary divingL T McPhail
Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
Physiol Biochem Zool 72:164-9. 1999Autonomic nervous control of heart rate was studied in voluntarily diving ducks (Aythya affinis)...
- It is time to move: linking flight and foraging behaviour in a diving birdDavid Pelletier
Departement de Biologie, Universite du Quebec a Rimouski, Rimouski, Quebec, Canada G5L 3A1
Biol Lett 3:357-9. 2007..of flights over several months by implanting a data logger that records heart rate (fH), hydrostatic pressure (diving depth) and the body angle of a large sea duck species, the common eider (Somateria mollissima)...
- Assessing the validity of the accelerometry technique for estimating the energy expenditure of diving double-crested cormorants Phalacrocorax auritusL G Halsey
Roehampton University, London SW15 4JD, UK
Physiol Biochem Zool 84:230-7. 2011..The results show that ODBA does not calibrate with energy expenditure in diving cormorants, where energy expenditure is calculated from measures of oxygen uptake during surface periods between ..
- Diving down the reefs? Intensive diving tourism threatens the reefs of the northern Red SeaHarald Hasler
Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria
Mar Pollut Bull 56:1788-94. 2008Intensive recreational SCUBA diving threatens coral reef ecosystems. The reefs at Dahab, South Sinai, Egypt, are among the world's most dived (>30,000 dives y(-1)). We compared frequently dived sites to sites with no or little diving...
- The role of infrequent and extraordinary deep dives in leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea)Jonathan D R Houghton
School of Biological Sciences, Queen s University Belfast, Medical Biology Centre, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast, BT9 7BL, UK
J Exp Biol 211:2566-75. 2008..If unsuccessful, then migration may continue until a more suitable site is encountered. Additional studies using a meta-analytical approach are nonetheless recommended to further resolve this matter...
- Allometry of diving capacities: ectothermy vs. endothermyF Brischoux
Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chizé CNRS, Villiers en Bois, France
J Evol Biol 21:324-9. 2008Body mass positively influences diving capacities in air-breathing vertebrates and has been identified as a key determinant for the evolution of diving...
- Effect of pharmacological blockade on cardiovascular responses to voluntary and forced diving in muskratsP E Signore
Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
J Exp Biol 198:2307-15. 1995Neural control of free and forced diving bradycardia and peripheral resistance was studied in the muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus) by means of acute pharmacological blockade with the muscarinic blocker atropine, the alpha-adrenergic blocker ..
- Pulmonary edema and hemoptysis after breath-hold diving at residual volumePeter Lindholm
Centre for Environmental Physiology, Karolinska Institutet, 17177, Stockholm, Sweden
J Appl Physiol 104:912-7. 2008To simulate pressure effects and experience thoracic compression while breath-hold diving in a relatively safe environment, competitive breath-hold divers exhale to residual volume before diving in a swimming pool, thus compressing the ..
- Diving response and arterial oxygen saturation during apnea and exercise in breath-hold diversJohan P A Andersson
Department of Animal Physiology, Lund University, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
J Appl Physiol 93:882-6. 2002This study addressed the effects of apnea in air and apnea with face immersion in cold water (10 degrees C) on the diving response and arterial oxygen saturation during dynamic exercise...
- Electrical stimulation of the anterior ethmoidal nerve produces the diving responseP F McCulloch
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, 1402 South Grand Blvd, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
Brain Res 830:24-31. 1999..This cardiorespiratory response, often called the diving response, is usually initiated by nasal stimulation...
- Heliox, nitrox, and trimix diving; hyperbaric oxygen treatment; and a flaw in Henry's lawRan Arieli
Israel Naval Medical Institute, Haifa, Israel
J Appl Physiol 102:1323. 2007
- Trigemino-autonomic connections in the muskrat: the neural substrate for the diving responseW M Panneton
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, St Louis University Medical School, 1402 South Grand Blvd, St Louis, MO 63104 1004, USA
Brain Res 874:48-65. 2000Stimulation of the anterior ethmoidal nerve of the muskrat produces a cardiorespiratory depression similar to the diving response...
- Acute ischemic colitis during scuba diving: report of a unique caseKonstantinos Goumas
Department of Gastroenterology, Red Cross Hospital of Athens, Athens, Greece
World J Gastroenterol 14:3262-5. 2008The presentation of clinical symptoms due to decompression during diving, varies significantly, as mainly minor disturbances for the gastrointestinal tract in particular have been reported...
- Pulmonary gas exchange in divingR E Moon
Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
J Appl Physiol 106:668-77. 2009b>Diving-related pulmonary effects are due mostly to increased gas density, immersion-related increase in pulmonary blood volume, and (usually) a higher inspired Po(2)...
- The physiology of diving in a north-temperate and three tropical turtle speciesC E Crocker
Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Physiology, and Biotechnology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
J Comp Physiol B 169:249-55. 1999....
- CNS oxygen toxicity in closed-circuit diving: signs and symptoms before loss of consciousnessR Arieli
Israel Naval Medical Institute, IDF Medical Corps, Haifa, Israel
Aviat Space Environ Med 77:1153-7. 2006There is a dearth of information regarding CNS oxygen toxicity accidents in closed-circuit oxygen diving. The aims of the present study were to report the sensations and symptoms that accompany CNS oxygen toxicity accidents, and to ..
- The ontogeny of aerobic and diving capacity in the skeletal muscles of Weddell sealsS B Kanatous
Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 1878, USA
J Exp Biol 211:2559-65. 2008..Our objective was to determine the ontogenetic changes in the skeletal muscles of Weddell seals that transform a non-diving pup into an elite diving adult...
- Pedestrian locomotion energetics and gait characteristics of a diving bird, the great cormorant, Phalacrocorax carboCraig R White
Centre for Ornithology, School of Biosciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
J Comp Physiol B 178:745-54. 2008Great cormorants Phalacrocorax carbo are foot propelled diving birds that seem poorly suited to locomotion on land...
- Venous bubble count declines during strenuous exercise after an open sea dive to 30 mZeljko Dujic
Department of Physiology, University of Split School of Medicine, Croatia
Aviat Space Environ Med 77:592-6. 2006..remains controversial, although the current practice of divers and aviators is to avoid strenuous exercise after diving. Previously, we have shown that exercising 24 h before a dive, or during a decompression stop, significantly ..
- Ontogeny of diving behaviour in the Australian sea lion: trials of adolescence in a late bloomerShannon L Fowler
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
J Anim Ecol 75:358-67. 2006..Lactating females demonstrate almost continuous diving, maximize bottom time, exhibit elevated field metabolism and frequently exceed their calculated aerobic dive limit...
- Aerobic exercise before diving reduces venous gas bubble formation in humansZeljko Dujic
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia
J Physiol 555:637-42. 2004..5 (P= 0.002) by pre-dive exercise, thereby increasing safety. This is the first report to indicate that pre-dive exercise may form the basis for a new way of preventing serious decompression sickness...
- Foraging by deep-diving birds is not constrained by an aerobic diving limit: a model of avian depth-dependent diving metabolic rateErpur Snaer Hansen
Department of Biology, University of Missouri, St Louis, Missouri 63121, USA
Am Nat 163:358-74. 2004The theoretical aerobic diving limit (tADL) specifies the duration of a dive after which oxygen reserves available for diving are depleted...
- Eat now, pay later? Evidence of deferred food-processing costs in diving sealsCarol E Sparling
Sea Mammal Research Unit, Gatrry Marine Laboratory, University of St Andrews, Fife KY16 8LB, UK
Biol Lett 3:94-8. 2007..g. digestion) that are incompatible with the physiological adjustments to diving until after periods of active foraging...
- Metabolic regulation in diving birds and mammalsPatrick J Butler
School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Respir Physiol Neurobiol 141:297-315. 2004..for durations that are consistent with their elevated stores of usable oxygen and their metabolic rate while diving being similar to that when they are resting at the surface of the water...
- Reduced taxonomic richness of lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) in diving birdsB Felsõ
Zoological Institute, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent Istvan University, Budapest, Rottenbiller st 50, H 1078 Hungary
J Parasitol 92:867-9. 2006..Here, we use a comparative approach to examine the effect of a host's diving behavior on the taxonomic richness of its lice...
- Diving ability of Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae) larvaeNobuko Tuno
Department of Vector Ecology and Environment, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki, University, Nagasaki, Japan
J Med Entomol 41:810-2. 2004..This study examined diving behavior of An. gambiae larvae in the laboratory...
- Interspecific variation in diving activity among Anopheles gambiae Giles, An. arabiensis Patton, and An. funestus Giles (Diptera: Culicidae) larvaeNobuko Tuno
Department of Vector Ecology and Environment, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki, University, Nagasaki 852 8523, Japan
J Vector Ecol 32:112-7. 2007..This study examined forced and voluntary diving behavior and submergence tolerance in the three major African malaria vectors, Anopheles gambiae Giles, An...
- A single open sea air dive increases pulmonary artery pressure and reduces right ventricular function in professional diversZeljko Dujic
Department of Physiology, University of Split School of Medicine, Soltanska 2, 21000 Split, Croatia
Eur J Appl Physiol 97:478-85. 2006..No data exist on the effect of open sea diving on the pulmonary artery pressure (PAP). Eight professional divers performed an open sea air dive to 30 msw...
- To what extent is the foraging behaviour of aquatic birds constrained by their physiology?Jonathan A Green
School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston B15 2TT, United Kingdom
Physiol Biochem Zool 78:766-81. 2005..Quantification of an optimal diving model for tufted ducks (Aythya fuligula) shows that while they dive efficiently by spending a minimum amount of ..
- Stroke patterns and regulation of swim speed and energy cost in free-ranging Brünnich's guillemotsJames R Lovvorn
Department of Zoology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
J Exp Biol 207:4679-95. 2004..For dives to depths >20 m, drag is by far the main component of mechanical work for these diving birds, and speed may be regulated to keep work against drag within a relatively narrow range.
- Diving and marine medicine review part II: diving diseasesA Spira
The Travel Medicine Center, Beverly Hills, California 90211, USA
J Travel Med 6:180-98. 1999b>Diving is a high-risk sport...
- Effects of ambient cold and depth on lung function in humans after a single scuba diveK Tetzlaff
Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma KG, Biberach, Germany
Eur J Appl Physiol 85:125-9. 2001This study evaluated the subacute respiratory effects of diving, to try to separate the effects of ambient temperature from those of depth...
- Cartilage palisade tympanoplasty, diving and eustachian tube functionCem Uzun
Otol Neurotol 24:350; author reply 351. 2003
- Viewpoint: the type A- and the type B-variants of Decompression SicknessA E Koch
German Naval Medical Institute, Kiel Kronshagen, Germany
Undersea Hyperb Med 35:91-7. 2008..Symptoms of neurological decompression incidents (DCS/AGE) can be severe or mild. It is unknown if these differences of symptom presentation represent different clinical entities or if they represent just the spectrum of DCS/AGE...
- Effect of a short-acting NO donor on bubble formation from a saturation dive in pigsA Møllerløkken
Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Olav Kyrres gt 3, N 7489 Trondheim, Norway
J Appl Physiol 101:1541-5. 2006..2 to 0.02 bubbles/cm(2) (P < 0.0001) in the experimental group compared with the controls. The present study gives further support to the role of NO in preventing vascular bubble formation after decompression...
- Exogenous nitric oxide and bubble formation in diversZeljko Dujic
Departments of Physiology, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia
Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1432-5. 2006..This study determined whether a short-lasting NO donor, nitroglycerine, reduced bubble formation after standard dives and decompression in man...
- Scuba diving: What you and your patients need to knowAnn Marie McMullin
Department of Emergency Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
Cleve Clin J Med 73:711-2, 714, 716 passim. 2006Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) diving continues to gain popularity. General practitioners need to know the health requirements and contraindications so they can counsel patients appropriately...
- Neurological disorders after repetitive breath-hold divingEmmanuel Gempp
G P D Méditerranéé
Aviat Space Environ Med 77:971-3. 2006..Because decompression illness is a possibility, anyone who experiences unusual symptoms after breath-hold diving should seek immediate medical attention.
- Haemodynamic changes induced by submaximal exercise before a dive and its consequences on bubble formationJean Eric Blatteau
Département de Médecine Hyperbare, Hopital d Instruction des Armees Sainte Anne, 83800 Toulon armees, France
Br J Sports Med 41:375-9. 2007..To evaluate the effects of a submaximal exercise performed 2 h before a simulated dive on bubble formation and to observe the haemodynamic changes and their influence on bubble formation...
- Nitroglycerine: relief from the heartache of decompression sickness?Richard E Moon
J Appl Physiol 101:1537-8. 2006
- An adolescent scuba diver with 2 episodes of diving-related injuries requiring hyperbaric oxygen recompression therapy: a case report with medical considerations for child and adolescent scuba diversJames W Tsung
Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Jacobi Medical Center Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
Pediatr Emerg Care 21:681-6. 2005Worldwide, more than 1000 scuba (self-contained underwater breathing apparatus) diving injuries per year requiring hyperbaric recompression are documented. Approximately 80 to 90 fatalities per year are reported in North America...
- Diving medicine: contemporary topics and their controversiesM B Strauss
Baromedical Department, Long Beach Memorial Medical Center, Long Beach, CA 90801-1428, USA
Am J Emerg Med 19:232-8. 2001SCUBA diving is a popular recreational sport. Although serious injuries occur infrequently, when they do knowledge of diving medicine and/or where to obtain appropriate consultation is essential...
- Diving medicineK Robinson
Derriford Hospital, Plymouth
J R Army Med Corps 151:256-63. 2005
- Direct ascent from air and N2-O2 saturation dives in humans: DCS risk and evidence of a thresholdH D Van Liew
Naval Sea Systems Command, Washington Navy Yard, DC 20376, USA
Undersea Hyperb Med 32:409-19. 2005..We also discuss deeper dives where there are no human data; extrapolations can be quite different for models that provide for a threshold than for models that do not...
- Barotrauma of the ears and sinuses after scuba divingG D Becker
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kaiser Permanente Medical Center, Panorama City, California 91402-5497, USA
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 258:159-63. 2001..differential diagnosis, and currently available management of barotrauma affecting the ears and sinuses after scuba diving are reviewed, along with medical standards for resuming scuba diving after barotrauma has resolved.
- Bubble incidence after staged decompression from 50 or 60 msw: effect of adding deep stopsJean Eric Blatteau
CEMPP, Toulon Naval, France
Aviat Space Environ Med 76:490-2. 2005..The French Navy uses the Marine Nationale 90 (MN90) decompression tables for air dives as deep as 60 msw. The resulting incidence of decompression sickness (DCS) for deep dives (45-60 msw) is one case per 3000 dives...
- The role of radiology in dive-related disordersWilliam K Carson
Naval Station Ingleside, Fleet Support Activity, 120 Coral Sea Road, Suite 165, Ingleside, TX 78362, USA
Mil Med 170:57-62. 2005Recreational scuba diving has continued to grow in popularity in the past several decades, and military diving remains an integral part of ship husbandry, explosives and ordinance disposal, and special warfare...
- [Treatment of acute cochleovestibular damage after diving]C Klingmann
Hals Nasen Ohren Universitätsklinik Heidelberg
HNO 52:891-6. 2004There has been a steady in-crease of recreational scuba divers in the last years. The majority of diving associated diseases involve otorhinolaryngology, the most important of which are cochleovestibular dysfunctions as these can lead to ..
- Decompression sickness in the rat following a dive on trimix: recompression therapy with oxygen vs. heliox and oxygenR Arieli
Israel Naval Medical Institute, POB 8040, Haifa 31080, Israel
J Appl Physiol 102:1324-8. 2007Trimix (a mixture of helium, nitrogen, and oxygen) has been used in deep diving to reduce the risk of high-pressure nervous syndrome during compression and the time required for decompression at the end of the dive...
- A rat model to study decompression sickness after a trimix diveAlain Boussuges
J Appl Physiol 102:1301-2. 2007
- Neurologic injuries from scuba divingJodi Hawes
Duke University Medical Center, Box 3909, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Neurol Clin 26:297-308; xii. 2008Interest in scuba (self-contained underwater breathing apparatus) diving increased in the 1970s, and undersea diving continues to be a popular sport early in the 21st century, with approximately 3 million certified divers in the United ..
- The SANDHOG criteria and its validation for the diagnosis of DCS arising from bounce divingDonald R Lamont
Undersea Hyperb Med 34:312-3; author reply 313-4. 2007
- Decompression sickness following seawater hunting using underwater scootersHans Christian M Thorsen
Department of Medical Physiology, The Panum Institute, Universityof Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Res Sports Med 15:225-39. 2007..have been several reports of divers suffering from decompression sickness (DCS) after repetitive breath-hold (BH) diving. In the period from 1995 to 2000 John Batle observed apparent DCS in 30 free divers competing with underwater ..
- Paradoxical symptomatic air embolism after saline contrast transesophageal echocardiographyFrançoise Christin
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Department, Hopital Edouard Herriot, Hospices Civils de Lyon, 69436 Lyon cedex 03, France
Echocardiography 24:867-9. 2007..At the end of this procedure, the patient presented a left lateral homonymous hemianopsia attributed to air embolism. Total recovery was obtained after one therapeutic recompression...
- Risk factors for venous gas emboli after decompression from prolonged hyperbaric exposuresBruce A Cameron
Department of Anesthesia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Aviat Space Environ Med 78:493-9. 2007..The physical forces governing gas phase nucleation and growth in a liquid would predict less variation in the development of decompression sickness (DCS) than is known to occur in people...
- Decreased levels of PAI-1 and alpha 2-antiplasmin contribute to enhanced fibrinolytic activity in diversP Radziwon
Department of Haematology, Medical University of Białystok, Poland
Thromb Res 121:235-40. 2007..There are a number of reported cases of decompression sickness (DCS) with haemorrhages. These cases have not been sufficiently investigated and thus bleeding complications could not be directly correlated to the enhanced fibrinolysis...
- Vestibular symptoms and otoneurological findings in retired offshore diversFrederik K Goplen
Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Haukeland University Hospital, N 5021 Bergen, Norway
Aviat Space Environ Med 78:414-9. 2007..We examined a group of offshore divers in order to find out how many divers experience vestibular symptoms later in life and how this was related to occupational history and objective findings...
- [Recreational diving accidents in Sweden]Hans Ornhagen
Institutionen för försvarsmedicin, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm
Lakartidningen 101:774-9. 2004Even if recreational diving is gradually becoming safer, the 2-6 fatalities each year is the most serious problem in recreational diving. Human factors are behind 75% of the fatalities and medical problems seldom cause fatalities...
- Short-acting NO donor and decompression sickness in humansZoran Valic
J Appl Physiol 102:1725; author reply 1726. 2007
- Commentary on viewpoint "Heliox, nitrox, and trimix diving; hyperbaric oxygen treatment; and a flaw in Henry's lawB R Wienke
J Appl Physiol 102:1722. 2007
- Commentary on viewpoint "Heliox, nitrox, and trimix diving; hyperbaric oxygen treatment; and a flaw in Henry's law"H D Van Liew
J Appl Physiol 102:1721. 2007
- Commentary on viewpoint "Heliox, nitrox, and trimix diving; hyperbaric oxygen treatment; and a flaw in Henry's law"C Balestra
J Appl Physiol 102:1720. 2007
- Commentary on viewpoint "Heliox, nitrox, and trimix diving; hyperbaric oxygen treatment; and a flaw in Henry's law"Alain Boussuges
J Appl Physiol 102:1719. 2007
- Commentary on viewpoint "Heliox, nitrox, and trimix diving; hyperbaric oxygen treatment; and a flaw in Henry's law"R W Hamilton
J Appl Physiol 102:1718. 2007
- Validation of decompression procedures based on detection of venous gas bubbles: A Bayesian approachOlav S Eftedal
Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
Aviat Space Environ Med 78:94-9. 2007..We propose a new and improved method for validation based on detection of VGE...
- Pulmonary overinflation syndrome in an underwater loggerA Rozali
Armed Forces Health Services, Malaysia Armed Forces
Med J Malaysia 61:496-8. 2006..In the case of diving activities, POIS is rarely reported and is frequently related to unsafe diving techniques...
- [Before going on a diving holiday--consider this]A Kemmer
Abt f Anästhesie Intensivzentrum, Berufsgenossenschaftliche, Unfallklinik Murnau
MMW Fortschr Med 146:39-42. 2004A prerequisite for all those who go in for the sport of scuba diving is mental and physical fitness...
- Inner ear decompression illnessG Joseph Parell
Laryngoscope 114:1510; author reply 1510-1. 2004
- Should computed chest tomography be recommended in the medical certification of professional divers? A report of three cases with pulmonary air cystsA S Toklu
Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Underwater and Hyperbaric Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
Occup Environ Med 60:606-8. 2003Pulmonary barotrauma (PBT) is a recognised risk of compressed gas diving. Any reason that causes air trapping in the lung during ascent may cause PBT by increasing intrapulmonary pressure...
- Development of underwater and hyperbaric medicine in MalaysiaA Rozali
Armed Forces Health Services Division, Malaysian Armed Forces Headquarters, Lumut
Med J Malaysia 61:647-50. 2006..This paper discusses the development of this interesting treatment modality, giving a brief historical overview to its current development, as well as provides some thought for its future development in Malaysia...
- [Breath-hold diving--an increasing adventure sport with medical risks]Peter Lindholm
, , Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm
Lakartidningen 101:787-90. 2004Breath-hold diving as a recreational and competitive sports activity is on the increase. In this review physiological limitations and medical risks associated with breath-hold diving are discussed...
- Oral and maxillofacial aspects of diving medicineMatthew T Brandt
Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Kentucky, D-512 Chandler Medical Center, College of Dentistry, Lexington, KY 40536-0297, USA
Mil Med 169:137-41. 2004Sport diving has witnessed explosive growth in the past decade, as 8.5 million people are certified in the United States alone. Even though scuba diving is a relatively safe sport, there are serious risks that all divers must consider...
- Mechanisms of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation during Prolonged Fasting and SleeRudy Ortiz; Fiscal Year: 2009..weaned and commence a 2- 3 month long fast, all-the-while continuing to develop organ systems required for diving that will ensue following their postweaning fast...
- Mechanisms of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation during Prolonged Fasting and SleeRudy M Ortiz; Fiscal Year: 2010..weaned and commence a 2- 3 month long fast, all-the-while continuing to develop organ systems required for diving that will ensue following their postweaning fast...
- Mechanisms of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation during Prolonged Fasting and SleeRudy M Ortiz; Fiscal Year: 2010..weaned and commence a 2- 3 month long fast, all-the-while continuing to develop organ systems required for diving that will ensue following their postweaning fast...
- MECHANISM OF CARDIORESPIRATORY RHYTHM IN NEONATESDavid Mendelowitz; Fiscal Year: 2010The diving reflex is the most powerful autonomic reflex. Stimulation of the diving reflex evokes a pronounced bradycardia with heart rate decreasing up to 51% upon a single facial submersion...
- MECHANISM OF CARDIORESPIRATORY RHYTHM IN NEONATESDavid Mendelowitz; Fiscal Year: 2011The diving reflex is the most powerful autonomic reflex. Stimulation of the diving reflex evokes a pronounced bradycardia with heart rate decreasing up to 51% upon a single facial submersion...
- Nicotine Modulation of Parasympathetic Cardiac NeuronsDavid Mendelowitz; Fiscal Year: 2010The trigeminocardiac and diving reflexes are among the most powerful autonomic reflexes...
- Nicotine Modulation of Parasympathetic Cardiac NeuronsDavid Mendelowitz; Fiscal Year: 2009The trigeminocardiac and diving reflexes are among the most powerful autonomic reflexes...
- Neural Circulatory Control in the Long QT SyndromeVirend Somers; Fiscal Year: 2006..swimming) have abnormal responses to chemoreflex activation, particularly during apnea, and abnormalities in the diving reflex response...
- Entry Mechanisms of Mycobacterium marinumJeffrey Cirillo; Fiscal Year: 2006..is relatively common in professions involving almost any water source, including aquarium maintenance, fishing and diving. Currently, infections occur at a frequency of nearly 200 per year in the U.S...
- Beyond GFP and aequorin: Ocean-wide study of fluorescent and luminous proteinsMikhail Matz; Fiscal Year: 2007..Our sampling methods include plankton towing, blue water SCUBA diving, midwater trawling and submersible/ROV operations...
- Beyond GFP and aequorin: Ocean-wide study of fluorescent and luminous proteinsMikhail Matz; Fiscal Year: 2009..Our sampling methods include plankton towing, blue water SCUBA diving, midwater trawling and submersible/ROV operations...
- Inhibition of Integrase-Mediated Viral Nuclear TransportMark Muesing; Fiscal Year: 2005..The fact that our mutants are defective in dividing as well as non-diving cells is concordant with recent data indicating that nuclear transport of the HIV-1 genome is independent of ..
- CHEMORECEPTOR INPUT TO NONRESPIRATORY CELLS IN NTSSTEVEN MIFFLIN; Fiscal Year: 2003..will prove useful in understanding chemoreflex function in situations where blood gas levels change for brief periods (sleep, diving, exercise, hemorrhage) and prolonged periods (sojourns to high altitude, congestive heart failure).
- The upper airway and the Sudden Infant Death SyndromeDonald Bartlett; Fiscal Year: 2006..We will examine the influence of each of these conditions on three upper airway reflex responses: the "diving" response, the laryngeal chemo reflex and the load-compensating reflex response to upper airway obstruction...
- Extraocular muscle stem cells for DMD therapyTejvir Khurana; Fiscal Year: 2005..First, adult muscle has been shown to contain stem cells that are capable of diving, transdifferentiation and engraftment...
- THE CPA: SOMATIC AND AUTONOMIC SYSTEMSW Panneton; Fiscal Year: 2004..The cardiorespiratory depression (the diving response) seen after stimulation of he upper respiratory tract (URT) has served as my model...
- Trigeminal Autonomic InteractionsPaul McCulloch; Fiscal Year: 2002..Having a better understanding of brainstem cardiorespiratory integration might provide a neurological basis for the etiology of SIDS. ..
- Does Nasal Stimulation Activate Presympathetic Neurons?Paul McCulloch; Fiscal Year: 2005..As such, this research has implications for understanding the etiology of neurogenic hypertension. ..