diving

Summary

Summary: An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Physiology of diving of birds and mammals
    P J Butler
    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, United Kingdom
    Physiol Rev 77:837-99. 1997
  2. pmc Beaked whales respond to simulated and actual navy sonar
    Peter L Tyack
    Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e17009. 2011
  3. ncbi Deep diving mammals: Dive behavior and circulatory adjustments contribute to bends avoidance
    A Fahlman
    Department of Zoology, The University of British Columbia, 6270 University Blvd, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 153:66-77. 2006
  4. ncbi Investigation of the potential for vascular bubble formation in a repetitively diving dolphin
    D S Houser
    BIOMIMETICA, 7951 Shantung Drive, Santee, CA 92071, USA
    J Exp Biol 213:52-62. 2010
  5. pmc Differences in spatio-temporal behavior of zebrafish in the open tank paradigm after a short-period confinement into dark and bright environments
    Denis B Rosemberg
    Departamento de Bioquimica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    PLoS ONE 6:e19397. 2011
  6. ncbi Can diving-induced tissue nitrogen supersaturation increase the chance of acoustically driven bubble growth in marine mammals?
    D S Houser
    SSC SD, National Research Council, Navy Marine Mammal Program, San Diego, CA, 92152 6506, U S A
    J Theor Biol 213:183-95. 2001
  7. ncbi Extreme diving of beaked whales
    Peter L Tyack
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:4238-53. 2006
  8. ncbi Effects of buoyancy on the diving behavior of northern elephant seals
    P M Webb
    Department of Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    J Exp Biol 201:2349-58. 1998
  9. ncbi Diving development in nursing harbour seal pups
    C Jørgensen
    Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Center, N 9296 Tromsø, Norway
    J Exp Biol 204:3993-4004. 2001
  10. ncbi Linking movement, diving, and habitat to foraging success in a large marine predator
    Deborah Austin
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4J1, Canada
    Ecology 87:3095-108. 2006

Detail Information

Publications305 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Physiology of diving of birds and mammals
    P J Butler
    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, United Kingdom
    Physiol Rev 77:837-99. 1997
    This review concentrates on the physiological responses, and their control, in freely diving birds and mammals that enable them to remain submerged and sometimes quite active for extended periods of time...
  2. pmc Beaked whales respond to simulated and actual navy sonar
    Peter L Tyack
    Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e17009. 2011
    ..The combined results indicate similar disruption of foraging behavior and avoidance by beaked whales in the two different contexts, at exposures well below those used by regulators to define disturbance...
  3. ncbi Deep diving mammals: Dive behavior and circulatory adjustments contribute to bends avoidance
    A Fahlman
    Department of Zoology, The University of British Columbia, 6270 University Blvd, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 153:66-77. 2006
    A mathematical model was created that predicted blood and tissue N(2) tension (P(N2)) during breath-hold diving. Measured muscle P(N2) from the bottlenose dolphin after diving repeatedly to 100 m (Tursiops truncatus [Ridgway and Howard, ..
  4. ncbi Investigation of the potential for vascular bubble formation in a repetitively diving dolphin
    D S Houser
    BIOMIMETICA, 7951 Shantung Drive, Santee, CA 92071, USA
    J Exp Biol 213:52-62. 2010
    ..To test whether nitrogen gas uptake during repetitive breath-hold diving is sufficient for asymptomatic VGE formation in odontocetes, a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus Montagu) was ..
  5. pmc Differences in spatio-temporal behavior of zebrafish in the open tank paradigm after a short-period confinement into dark and bright environments
    Denis B Rosemberg
    Departamento de Bioquimica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    PLoS ONE 6:e19397. 2011
    The open tank paradigm, also known as novel tank diving test, is a protocol used to evaluate the zebrafish behavior...
  6. ncbi Can diving-induced tissue nitrogen supersaturation increase the chance of acoustically driven bubble growth in marine mammals?
    D S Houser
    SSC SD, National Research Council, Navy Marine Mammal Program, San Diego, CA, 92152 6506, U S A
    J Theor Biol 213:183-95. 2001
    ..of a dolphin dive study and a model of rectified diffusion for low-frequency exposure, we demonstrate that the diving behavior of cetaceans prior to an intense acoustic exposure may increase the chance of rectified diffusion...
  7. ncbi Extreme diving of beaked whales
    Peter L Tyack
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:4238-53. 2006
    ..of gas emboli in beaked whales stranded during naval sonar exercises have led to the hypothesis that their deep-diving may make them especially vulnerable to decompression...
  8. ncbi Effects of buoyancy on the diving behavior of northern elephant seals
    P M Webb
    Department of Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    J Exp Biol 201:2349-58. 1998
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between such changes in buoyancy and diving behavior in northern elephant seals Mirounga angustirostris...
  9. ncbi Diving development in nursing harbour seal pups
    C Jørgensen
    Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Center, N 9296 Tromsø, Norway
    J Exp Biol 204:3993-4004. 2001
    This study investigated physiological and behavioural aspects of diving development in pups of the harbour seal Phoca vitulina...
  10. ncbi Linking movement, diving, and habitat to foraging success in a large marine predator
    Deborah Austin
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4J1, Canada
    Ecology 87:3095-108. 2006
    ..Our goal was to determine the characteristics of diving, habitat, and movement that predict feeding...
  11. ncbi Could beaked whales get the bends? Effect of diving behaviour and physiology on modelled gas exchange for three species: Ziphius cavirostris, Mesoplodon densirostris and Hyperoodon ampullatus
    Sascha K Hooker
    Sea Mammal Research Unit, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 167:235-46. 2009
    ..The objective was to determine if physiology (body mass, diving lung volume, dive response) or dive behaviour (dive depth and duration, changes in ascent rate, diel behaviour) ..
  12. ncbi Deep-diving foraging behaviour of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus)
    Stephanie L Watwood
    Department of Biology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Anim Ecol 75:814-25. 2006
    1. Digital tags were used to describe diving and vocal behaviour of sperm whales during 198 complete and partial foraging dives made by 37 individual sperm whales in the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Ligurian Sea. 2...
  13. pmc Buspirone, chlordiazepoxide and diazepam effects in a zebrafish model of anxiety
    Zachary Bencan
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, 340 Bell Building, Box 3412, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 94:75-80. 2009
    ..We have developed a method to assess novel environment diving behavior of zebrafish as a model of stress response and anxiolytic drug effects...
  14. ncbi Measuring foraging activity in a deep-diving bird: comparing wiggles, oesophageal temperatures and beak-opening angles as proxies of feeding
    Nicolas Hanuise
    Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chize, CEBC CNRS UPR 1934, Villiers en Bois, France
    J Exp Biol 213:3874-80. 2010
    ..that take advantage of miniaturised data logging technology, most commonly: detection of (i) anomalies in diving profiles (wiggles), (ii) drops in oesophageal temperature and (iii) the opening of mouth parts (recorded with a ..
  15. ncbi Deep-diving behaviour of a whale shark Rhincodon typus during long-distance movement in the western Indian Ocean
    J M Brunnschweiler
    Institute of Zoology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Fish Biol 74:706-14. 2009
    ..Dives to depths well into the mesopelagic and bathypelagic zones (1286 m maximum depth) were recorded in a bathymetrically non-constraining habitat. The water temperature range recorded during the fish's movement was 3.4-29.9 degrees C...
  16. ncbi Influence of wing loading on the trade-off between pursuit-diving and flight in common guillemots and razorbills
    C B Thaxter
    Institute of Integrative and Comparative Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
    J Exp Biol 213:1018-25. 2010
    ..bird that use their wings for underwater propulsion are thought to face evolutionary trade-offs between flight and diving, leading to the prediction that species with different wing areas relative to body mass (i.e...
  17. pmc Differences of acute versus chronic ethanol exposure on anxiety-like behavioral responses in zebrafish
    Priya Mathur
    Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, Programs in Biological Sciences and Human Genetics, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 2811, United States
    Behav Brain Res 219:234-9. 2011
    ..chronic ethanol exposure on anxiety-like behaviors in zebrafish, using two behavioral paradigms, the Novel Tank Diving Test and the Light/Dark Choice Assay. Acute ethanol exposure exerted significant dose-dependent anxiolytic effects...
  18. pmc Exercise and nitric oxide prevent bubble formation: a novel approach to the prevention of decompression sickness?
    Ulrik Wisløff
    Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    J Physiol 555:825-9. 2004
    ..Consequently, the aims of the present study were to determine whether protection against bubble formation in 'diving' rats was provided by (1) chronic and acute administration of a NO-releasing agent and (2) exercise less than 20 h ..
  19. ncbi Time to eat: measurements of feeding behaviour in a large marine predator, the northern elephant seal Mirounga angustirostris
    Carey E Kuhn
    National Marine Mammal Laboratory, Alaska Fisheries Science Center NOAA, 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
    J Anim Ecol 78:513-23. 2009
    ..In addition, by combining direct and indirect measures of feeding, this study has provided support for the use of foraging indicators in marine predators...
  20. pmc Increased cortical thickness in sports experts: a comparison of diving players with the controls
    Gaoxia Wei
    Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences CAS, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 6:e17112. 2011
    ..a significant positive correlation between the mean cortical thickness of the right parahippocampal gyrus and the training experience was detected, which might indicate the effect of extensive training on diving players' brain structure.
  21. ncbi To what extent might N2 limit dive performance in king penguins?
    A Fahlman
    North Pacific Universities Marine Mammal Research Consortium, UBC Marine Mammal Research Unit, Room 247, AERL, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada
    J Exp Biol 210:3344-55. 2007
    ..Furthermore, adipose tissue could also help reduce DCS risk during the first few dives in a bout by functioning as a sink to buffer extreme levels of N2...
  22. ncbi The human diving response, its function, and its control
    G E Foster
    Health and Integrative Physiology Laboratory, School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 15:3-12. 2005
    The purpose of this review is to outline the physiological responses associated with the diving response, its functional significance, and its cardiorespiratory control. This review is separated into four major sections...
  23. ncbi Passive acoustic detection of deep-diving beaked whales
    Walter M X Zimmer
    NATO Undersea Research Centre, Viale San Bartolomeo 400, 19138 La Spezia, Italy
    J Acoust Soc Am 124:2823-32. 2008
    ..7 km, provided the listening duration exceeds the deep dive interval, about 2.5 h on average. Detection ranges beyond 4 km are unlikely and would require low ambient noise or special sound propagation conditions...
  24. ncbi Sink or swim: strategies for cost-efficient diving by marine mammals
    T M Williams
    Department of Biology, EMS A316, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Science 288:133-6. 2000
    Locomotor activity by diving marine mammals is accomplished while breath-holding and often exceeds predicted aerobic capacities...
  25. ncbi Estimating the effect of lung collapse and pulmonary shunt on gas exchange during breath-hold diving: the Scholander and Kooyman legacy
    A Fahlman
    Global Diving Research, Ottawa, ON, Canada K2J 5E8
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 165:28-39. 2009
    ..collapse (pulmonary shunt) on the uptake and removal of O(2), CO(2) and N(2) in blood and tissue of breath-hold diving mammals...
  26. ncbi Trigemino-autonomic connections in the muskrat: the neural substrate for the diving response
    W M Panneton
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, St Louis University Medical School, 1402 South Grand Blvd, St Louis, MO 63104 1004, USA
    Brain Res 874:48-65. 2000
    Stimulation of the anterior ethmoidal nerve of the muskrat produces a cardiorespiratory depression similar to the diving response...
  27. pmc Seasonal movements, aggregations and diving behavior of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) revealed with archival tags
    Andreas Walli
    Tuna Research and Conservation Center, Stanford University, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, CA, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e6151. 2009
    Electronic tags were used to examine the seasonal movements, aggregations and diving behaviors of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) to better understand their migration ecology and oceanic habitat utilization...
  28. ncbi Expanded niche for white sharks
    Andre M Boustany
    Tuna Research and Conservation Center, Stanford University and Monterey Bay Aquarium, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, California 93950, USA
    Nature 415:35-6. 2002
    ..Here we report the tracking of movements of white sharks by using pop-up satellite archival tags, which reveal that their migratory movements, depth and ambient thermal ranges are wider than was previously thought...
  29. ncbi Intersexual differences in the diving behaviour of foraging subantarctic cormorant (Phalacrocorax albiventer) and Japanese cormorant (P. filamentosus)
    A Kato
    National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo, Japan
    C R Acad Sci III 322:557-62. 1999
    Cormorants feed by feet-propelled diving. How cormorants optimize foraging is of a particular interest in relation to the understanding of the feeding strategies of diving birds, as well as within the debate about cormorants' impact on ..
  30. ncbi Diving metabolism and thermoregulation in common and thick-billed murres
    D A Croll
    Physiological Research Laboratory, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA 92093
    J Comp Physiol B 163:160-6. 1993
    The diving and thermoregulatory metabolic rates of two species of diving seabird, common (Uria aalge) and thick-billed murres (U. lomvia), were studied in the laboratory...
  31. ncbi Managing dive tourism for the sustainable use of coral reefs: validating diver perceptions of attractive site features
    Maria C Uyarra
    School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Environ Manage 43:1-16. 2009
    ..However, variation in accuracy of perceptions owing to demographic factors and attribute type suggests the need for caution when using public perceptions to develop environmental management strategies, particularly for coral reefs...
  32. ncbi Bubbles, microparticles, and neutrophil activation: changes with exercise level and breathing gas during open-water SCUBA diving
    Stephen R Thom
    Institute for Environmental Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 114:1396-405. 2013
    The study goal was to evaluate responses in humans following decompression from open-water SCUBA diving with the hypothesis that exertion underwater and use of a breathing mixture containing more oxygen and less nitrogen (enriched air ..
  33. pmc Recursive filtering for zero offset correction of diving depth time series with GNU R package diveMove
    Sebastián P Luque
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    PLoS ONE 6:e15850. 2011
    Zero offset correction of diving depth measured by time-depth recorders is required to remove artifacts arising from temporal changes in accuracy of pressure transducers...
  34. ncbi Nighttime foraging by deep diving echolocating odontocetes off the Hawaiian islands of Kauai and Ni'ihau as determined by passive acoustic monitors
    Whitlow W L Au
    Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Kaneohe, Hawaii 96744, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 133:3119-27. 2013
    ..A variety of deep diving odontocetes, including pilot whales, Risso's dolphins, sperm whales, spinner and pan-tropical spotted dolphins, ..
  35. ncbi Effect of a single, open-sea, air scuba dive on human micro- and macrovascular function
    Kate Lambrechts
    Orphy Laboratory, Universite de Bretagne Occidentale, 29200, Brest, France
    Eur J Appl Physiol 113:2637-45. 2013
    Previous studies have shown that bubble formation induced endothelial damage on conduit arteries. We aim to evaluate the effect of diving on microvascular and macrovascular function.
  36. pmc Foraging in the darkness of the Southern Ocean: influence of bioluminescence on a deep diving predator
    Jade Vacquié-Garcia
    Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chizé CEBC, CNRS UPR 1934, Villiers en Bois, France
    PLoS ONE 7:e43565. 2012
    How non-echolocating deep diving marine predators locate their prey while foraging remains mostly unknown...
  37. pmc Relationship between chlorophyll a concentration, light attenuation and diving depth of the Southern elephant seal Mirounga leonina
    Thomas Jaud
    Marine Predator Department, Centre Biologique de Chizé, Villiers en Bois, France
    PLoS ONE 7:e47444. 2012
    ..Therefore, change in phytoplankton concentration may not only have a direct effect on SES's prey abundance but may also determine their vertical accessibility with likely consequences on SES foraging efficiency...
  38. pmc Diving behaviour of whale sharks in relation to a predictable food pulse
    Rachel T Graham
    Wildlife Conservation Society, PO Box 37, Punta Gorda, Belize
    J R Soc Interface 3:109-16. 2006
    We present diving data for four whale sharks in relation to a predictable food pulse (reef fish spawn) and an analysis of the longest continuous fine-resolution diving record for a planktivorous shark...
  39. ncbi Seasonal changes in buoyancy and diving behaviour of adult grey seals
    C A Beck
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1
    J Exp Biol 203:2323-30. 2000
    ..changes in body fat content and body mass result in seasonal changes in buoyancy, which in turn may influence diving behaviour...
  40. ncbi Evolution of mammalian diving capacity traced by myoglobin net surface charge
    Scott Mirceta
    Institute of Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK
    Science 340:1234192. 2013
    ..mammalian phylogeny and reveal an adaptive molecular signature of elevated myoglobin net surface charge in diving species that is mechanistically linked with maximal myoglobin concentration...
  41. pmc Deadly diving? Physiological and behavioural management of decompression stress in diving mammals
    S K Hooker
    Sea Mammal Research Unit, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, Fife, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 279:1041-50. 2012
    ..The basic pathology and cause are relatively well known to human divers. Breath-hold diving marine mammals were thought to be relatively immune to DCS owing to multiple anatomical, physiological and ..
  42. pmc Lunar cycles in diel prey migrations exert a stronger effect on the diving of juveniles than adult Galápagos fur seals
    M Horning
    Department of Marine Biology, Texas A and M University at Galveston 77551, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 266:1127-32. 1999
    In our study of the development of diving in Galápagos fur seals, we analysed changes in diving activity and body mass trends over the lunar cycle...
  43. ncbi Cerebral white-matter lesions in asymptomatic military divers
    Iclal Erdem
    Department of Radiology, Taksim Teaching and Research Hospital, Taksim, Istanbul, Turkey
    Aviat Space Environ Med 80:2-4. 2009
    There is some concern that over a period of years, diving may produce cumulative neurological injury even in divers who have no history of decompression sickness...
  44. ncbi The diving physiology of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). I. Balancing the demands of exercise for energy conservation at depth
    T M Williams
    Department of Biology, Earth and Marine Science Building, A 316, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    J Exp Biol 202:2739-48. 1999
    During diving, marine mammals must rely on the efficient utilization of a limited oxygen reserve sequestered in the lungs, blood and muscles...
  45. ncbi Arterial blood gases during diving in elite apnea divers
    C M Muth
    Division of Pathophysiology and Process Development in Anaesthesia, Department of Anaesthesiology, University Medical School Ulm, Parkstrasse 11, 89073 Ulm, Germany
    Int J Sports Med 24:104-7. 2003
    ..0/3.9 kPa before diving vs. 5.7/5.9 kPa at the end of the bottom time), probably due to the CO2 storage capacity of the blood...
  46. ncbi Prognostic factors of spinal cord decompression sickness in recreational diving: retrospective and multicentric analysis of 279 cases
    Jean Eric Blatteau
    Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées, Antenne Toulon, UMR MD2, P2COE Université de la Méditerranée, BP 20548, 83041, Toulon Cedex 9, France
    Neurocrit Care 15:120-7. 2011
    This study aims to determine the potential risk factors associated with the development of severe diving-related spinal cord decompression sickness (DCS).
  47. pmc Transatlantic migration and deep mid-ocean diving by basking shark
    Mauvis A Gore
    University Marine Biological Station, Millport, Isle of Cumbrae, UK
    Biol Lett 4:395-8. 2008
    ..This result provides the first evidence for a link between European and American populations and indicates that basking sharks make use of deep-water habitats beyond the shelf edge...
  48. ncbi Behavioral inference of diving metabolic rate in free-ranging leatherback turtles
    Corey J A Bradshaw
    School for Environmental Research, Institute of Advanced Studies, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory 0909, Australia
    Physiol Biochem Zool 80:209-19. 2007
    ..From this index of ADL and the known mass-specific oxygen storage capacity (To(2)) of leatherbacks, we inferred diving metabolic rate (DMR) as To2/ADL...
  49. ncbi Nutritional status changes in humans during a 14-day saturation dive: the NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations V project
    Scott M Smith
    NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    J Nutr 134:1765-71. 2004
    ..To determine whether saturation diving has nutrition-related effects similar to those of spaceflight, we conducted a clinical nutritional assessment of ..
  50. ncbi Stomach temperature telemetry reveals temporal patterns of foraging success in a free-ranging marine mammal
    Deborah Austin
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B2H 4J1, Canada
    J Anim Ecol 75:408-20. 2006
    ..free-ranging grey seals using stomach temperature telemetry to test if previously reported sex differences in the diving, movement and diet were reflected in the temporal pattern of foraging success. 2...
  51. ncbi Extreme human breath-hold diving
    G Ferretti
    Department of Physiology, University Medical Centre, 1 rue Michel Servet, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland
    Eur J Appl Physiol 84:254-71. 2001
    In this paper, the respiratory, circulatory and metabolic adjustments to human extreme breath-hold diving are reviewed...
  52. ncbi Mechanism of the human diving response
    B A Gooden
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Queen s Medical Centre, University of Nottingham, U K
    Integr Physiol Behav Sci 29:6-16. 1994
    The diving response in human beings is characterized by breath-holding, slowing of the heart rate (diving bradycardia), reduction of limb blood flow and a gradual rise in the mean arterial blood pressure...
  53. ncbi The development of diving bradycardia in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)
    S R Noren
    Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Department, Center for Ocean Health, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
    J Comp Physiol B 174:139-47. 2004
    ..To determine if diving bradycardia improves with age, cardiac patterns from trained immature and mature bottlenose dolphins ( Tursiops ..
  54. ncbi Decompression sickness following breath-hold diving
    J D Schipke
    Research Group Experimental Surgery, University Hospital Duesseldorf, Germany
    Res Sports Med 14:163-78. 2006
    Despite convincing evidence of a relationship between breath-hold diving and decompression sickness (DCS), the causal connection is only slowly being accepted...
  55. ncbi Activation of the trigeminal medullary dorsal horn during voluntary diving in rats
    Paul F McCulloch
    Department of Physiology, Midwestern University, 555 31st Street, Downers Grove, IL 60515, USA
    Brain Res 1051:194-8. 2005
    Fos immunohistochemistry was used to indicate whether activation of trigeminal neurons occurs in voluntarily diving rats...
  56. ncbi Diving into old age: muscular senescence in a large-bodied, long-lived mammal, the Weddell seal (Leptonychotes weddellii)
    Allyson G Hindle
    Department of Marine Biology, Texas A and M University at Galveston, 5007 Avenue U, Galveston, TX 77551, USA
    J Exp Biol 212:790-6. 2009
    ..theory of aging supports the suggestion that exercise hypoxia, as regularly incurred during apneustic foraging in diving mammals might lead to cellular dysfunction and accelerated aging...
  57. ncbi Diving and swimming performance of white whales, Delphinapterus leucas: an assessment of plasma lactate and blood gas levels and respiratory rates
    S A Shaffer
    Marine Sciences Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    J Exp Biol 200:3091-9. 1997
    ..We studied trained white whales with the specific goal of assessing their diving and swimming performance. Two adult whales performed dives to a test platform suspended at depths of 5-300 m...
  58. ncbi Total body oxygen stores and physiological diving capacity of California sea lions as a function of sex and age
    Michael J Weise
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Santa Cruz, Center for Ocean Health, 100 Shaffer Road, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
    J Exp Biol 210:278-89. 2007
    ..To evaluate the influence of oxygen storage capacity on aerobic diving capacity, we examined the extent to which blood and muscle oxygen stores varied as a function of age, body size ..
  59. ncbi Hematological response and diving response during apnea and apnea with face immersion
    Erika Schagatay
    Department of Natural Sciences, Mid Sweden University, 851 70, Sundsvall, Sweden
    Eur J Appl Physiol 101:125-32. 2007
    Increased hematocrit (Hct) attributable to splenic contraction accompanies human apneic diving or apnea with face immersion. Apnea also causes heart rate reduction and peripheral vasoconstriction, i.e...
  60. ncbi Effects of physical and apnea training on apneic time and the diving response in humans
    E Schagatay
    Department of Animal Physiology, Lund University, Sweden
    Eur J Appl Physiol 82:161-9. 2000
    The aim of this investigation was to study separately the effects of physical training and apnea training on the diving response and apneic time in humans...
  61. ncbi The physiology and pathophysiology of human breath-hold diving
    Peter Lindholm
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Insitutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 106:284-92. 2009
    ..of physiological reactions, limitations, and pathophysiological mechanisms associated with human breath-hold diving. Breath-hold duration and ability to withstand compression at depth are the two main challenges that have been ..
  62. ncbi Total haemoglobin mass and spleen contraction: a study on competitive apnea divers, non-diving athletes and untrained control subjects
    Nicole Prommer
    Arbeitsbereich Sportmedizin, Universitat, 95440, Bayreuth, Germany
    Eur J Appl Physiol 101:753-9. 2007
    In diving mammals splenic contraction increases circulating red cell volume, whereas in humans increased haemoglobin concentrations have been reported...
  63. ncbi Swimming gaits, passive drag and buoyancy of diving sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus
    Patrick J O Miller
    Sea Mammal Research Unit, University of St Andrews, Fife, KY16 8LB, Scotland
    J Exp Biol 207:1953-67. 2004
    Drag and buoyancy are two primary external forces acting on diving marine mammals. The strength of these forces modulates the energetic cost of movement and may influence swimming style (gait)...
  64. ncbi Tracheal compression delays alveolar collapse during deep diving in marine mammals
    Brian L Bostrom
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, B C V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 161:298-305. 2008
    ..upper airways; an adaptation that allows air to move from the alveoli into the upper airways, during breath-hold diving. Alveolar collapse is thought occur between 30 and 100 m and studies that have attempted to estimate gas exchange ..
  65. pmc The rat: a laboratory model for studies of the diving response
    W Michael Panneton
    Department of Pharmacological and Physiological Science, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63104 1028, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 108:811-20. 2010
    ..These effects are collectively termed the diving response, potentially the most powerful autonomic reflex known...
  66. ncbi Path analysis of self-efficacy and diving performance revisited
    Deborah L Feltz
    Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
    J Sport Exerc Psychol 30:401-11. 2008
    The Feltz (1982) path analysis of the relationship between diving efficacy and performance showed that, over trials, past performance was a stronger predictor than self-efficacy of performance...
  67. ncbi Foraging Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) produce distinct click types matched to different phases of echolocation
    M Johnson
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:5038-50. 2006
    ..It is suggested that the two click types are adapted to the separate problems of target detection and classification versus capture of low target strength prey in a cluttered acoustic environment...
  68. ncbi Pharmacological blockade of the dive response: effects on heart rate and diving behaviour in the harbour seal (Phoca vitulina)
    Nicole M Elliott
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z4
    J Exp Biol 205:3757-65. 2002
    While diving, harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) manage their oxygen stores through cardiovascular adjustments, including bradycardia, a concurrent reduction in cardiac output, and peripheral vasoconstriction...
  69. ncbi Effect of heliox, oxygen and air breathing on helium bubbles after heliox diving
    O Hyldegaard
    Laboratory ofHyperbaric Medicine, Department of Anaesthesia, Centre of Head and Orthopaedics, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
    Undersea Hyperb Med 34:107-22. 2007
    ..If recompression beyond the maximum treatment pressure of oxygen is required, these results indicate that a breathing mixture of heliox may be better than air during the treatment of decompression sickness following heliox diving.
  70. ncbi The diving behaviour of green turtles undertaking oceanic migration to and from Ascension Island: dive durations, dive profiles and depth distribution
    G C Hays
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
    J Exp Biol 204:4093-8. 2001
    ..do not behave invariantly, but instead alternate between periods of travelling just beneath the surface and diving deeper...
  71. ncbi Speciation of Iberian diving beetles in Pleistocene refugia (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae)
    Ignacio Ribera
    Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
    Mol Ecol 13:179-93. 2004
    ..genes 16S rRNA and cytochrome oxidase I to establish the relationships of 27 of the 34 endemic Iberian species of diving beetles in the family Dytiscidae, and to investigate their level of divergence...
  72. pmc A single air dive reduces arterial endothelial function in man
    A O Brubakk
    Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    J Physiol 566:901-6. 2005
    ..that these bubbles can lead to endothelial dysfunction in the pulmonary artery but no data exist on the effect of diving on arterial endothelial function...
  73. ncbi The physiological basis of diving to depth: birds and mammals
    G L Kooyman
    Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0204, USA
    Annu Rev Physiol 60:19-32. 1998
    ..A hallmark of animals diving to depth is a substantial elevation of muscle myoglobin concentration...
  74. ncbi Dive and beak movement patterns in leatherback turtles Dermochelys coriacea during internesting intervals in French Guiana
    Sabrina Fossette
    IPHC Département Ecologie, Physiologie, Ethologie, ULP, CNRS, 23 rue Becquerel, 67087 Strasbourg, France
    J Anim Ecol 77:236-46. 2008
    ..we investigate the possibility of this active behaviour being associated with foraging, by studying concurrently diving and beak movement patterns in gravid females equipped with IMASEN (Inter-MAndibular Angle SENsor). 2...
  75. ncbi Flexible foraging movements of leatherback turtles across the North Atlantic Ocean
    Graeme C Hays
    Biological Sciences, Institute of Environmental Sustainability, University of Wales, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
    Ecology 87:2647-56. 2006
    ..However, their behavior may be different in their sabbatical years away from nesting beaches. Our results highlight the importance of whole-ocean fishing gear regulations to minimize turtle bycatch...
  76. ncbi Decompression illness
    Richard D Vann
    Department of Anesthesiology and Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Environmental Physiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Lancet 377:153-64. 2011
    ..Treatment is, in most cases, effective although residual deficits can remain in serious cases, even after several recompressions...
  77. ncbi Activation of brainstem catecholaminergic neurons during voluntary diving in rats
    Paul F McCulloch
    Department of Physiology, Midwestern University, 555 31st Street, Downers Grove, IL 60515, USA
    Brain Res 984:42-53. 2003
    ..On the day of the experiment the rats were randomly separated into a Diving group that repetitively dived underwater, a Swimming group that repetitively swam on the surface of the water, and ..
  78. pmc The cardiovascular and endocrine responses to voluntary and forced diving in trained and untrained rats
    Paul F McCulloch
    Dept of Physiology, Midwestern Univ, 555 31st St, Downers Grove, IL 60515, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 298:R224-34. 2010
    The mammalian diving response, consisting of apnea, bradycardia, and increased total peripheral resistance, can be modified by conscious awareness, fear, and anticipation...
  79. ncbi Buoyancy and maximal diving depth in penguins: do they control inhaling air volume?
    Katsufumi Sato
    National Institute of Polar Research, 1 9 10 Kaga, Itabashi, Tokyo 173 8515, Japan
    J Exp Biol 205:1189-97. 2002
    ..This suggests that penguins regulate their air volume to optimize the costs and benefits of buoyancy...
  80. ncbi Electrical stimulation of the anterior ethmoidal nerve produces the diving response
    P F McCulloch
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, 1402 South Grand Blvd, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
    Brain Res 830:24-31. 1999
    ..This cardiorespiratory response, often called the diving response, is usually initiated by nasal stimulation...
  81. ncbi Metabolic regulation in diving birds and mammals
    Patrick J Butler
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 141:297-315. 2004
    ..for durations that are consistent with their elevated stores of usable oxygen and their metabolic rate while diving being similar to that when they are resting at the surface of the water...
  82. ncbi Diving response and arterial oxygen saturation during apnea and exercise in breath-hold divers
    Johan P A Andersson
    Department of Animal Physiology, Lund University, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 93:882-6. 2002
    This study addressed the effects of apnea in air and apnea with face immersion in cold water (10 degrees C) on the diving response and arterial oxygen saturation during dynamic exercise...
  83. ncbi Antioxidant pretreatment and reduced arterial endothelial dysfunction after diving
    Ante Obad
    Department of Physiology, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:1114-20. 2007
    ..In this study we prospectively evaluated the effect of long-term antioxidants at a lower RDA dose on arterial endothelial function...
  84. ncbi Apnea diving: long-term neurocognitive sequelae of repeated hypoxemia
    Lynne Ridgway
    University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Australia
    Clin Neuropsychol 20:160-76. 2006
    ..A brief review of the literature on the physiological and neurological adaptations involved in the "human diving reflex" is presented...
  85. pmc Eat now, pay later? Evidence of deferred food-processing costs in diving seals
    Carol E Sparling
    Sea Mammal Research Unit, Gatrry Marine Laboratory, University of St Andrews, Fife KY16 8LB, UK
    Biol Lett 3:94-8. 2007
    ..g. digestion) that are incompatible with the physiological adjustments to diving until after periods of active foraging...
  86. pmc Effects of hydrographic variability on the spatial, seasonal and diel diving patterns of southern elephant seals in the eastern Weddell Sea
    Martin Biuw
    Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Centre, Tromsø, Norway
    PLoS ONE 5:e13816. 2010
    ..CTD-SRDLs) to examine the importance of hydrographic variability, ice cover and season on the movements and diving behavior of southern elephant seals in the eastern Weddell Sea region during their overwinter feeding trips from ..
  87. ncbi Poor flight performance in deep-diving cormorants
    Yuuki Y Watanabe
    National Institute of Polar Research, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190 8518, Japan
    J Exp Biol 214:412-21. 2011
    Aerial flight and breath-hold diving present conflicting morphological and physiological demands, and hence diving seabirds capable of flight are expected to face evolutionary trade-offs regarding locomotory performances...
  88. ncbi The diving bell and the spider: the physical gill of Argyroneta aquatica
    Roger S Seymour
    Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    J Exp Biol 214:2175-81. 2011
    ..It creates a dome-shaped web between aquatic plants and fills the diving bell with air carried from the surface...
  89. ncbi Health status of professional divers and offshore oil industry workers
    John A S Ross
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Occup Med (Lond) 57:254-61. 2007
    ..To compare the health status of UK professional divers and age-matched non-divers and to contrast offshore divers (OSDs) with non-offshore divers (NOSDs)...
  90. ncbi Interspecific variation in diving activity among Anopheles gambiae Giles, An. arabiensis Patton, and An. funestus Giles (Diptera: Culicidae) larvae
    Nobuko Tuno
    Department of Vector Ecology and Environment, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki, University, Nagasaki 852 8523, Japan
    J Vector Ecol 32:112-7. 2007
    ..This study examined forced and voluntary diving behavior and submergence tolerance in the three major African malaria vectors, Anopheles gambiae Giles, An...
  91. ncbi Diving heart rate development in postnatal harbour seals, Phoca vitulina
    Danielle K Greaves
    Department of Biology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada
    Physiol Biochem Zool 78:9-17. 2005
    Harbour seals, Phoca vitulina, dive from birth, providing a means of mapping the development of the diving response, and so our objective was to investigate the postpartum development of diving bradycardia...
  92. ncbi B-type natriuretic peptide secretion following scuba diving
    Claudio Passino
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Fondazione G Monasterio, Pisa, Italy
    Biomark Med 5:205-9. 2011
    ..To examine the neurohormonal effects of a scuba dive, focusing on the acute changes in the plasma concentrations of the different peptide fragments from the B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) precursor...
  93. ncbi Effects of successive air and nitrox dives on human vascular function
    Jasna Marinovic
    Department of Physiology, University of Split School of Medicine, Soltanska 2, 21000 Split, Croatia
    Eur J Appl Physiol 112:2131-7. 2012
    SCUBA diving is regularly associated with asymptomatic changes in cardiac, pulmonary and vascular function...
  94. pmc Mobility, expansion and management of a multi-species scuba diving fishery in East Africa
    Hampus Eriksson
    Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 7:e35504. 2012
    Scuba diving fishing, predominantly targeting sea cucumbers, has been documented to occur in an uncontrolled manner in the Western Indian Ocean and in other tropical regions...
  95. ncbi Early genetic responses in rat vascular tissue after simulated diving
    Ingrid Eftedal
    Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Physiol Genomics 44:1201-7. 2012
    b>Diving causes a transient reduction of vascular function, but the mechanisms behind this are largely unknown...
  96. pmc The effects of acute oral antioxidants on diving-induced alterations in human cardiovascular function
    Ante Obad
    Department of Physiology, University of Split School of Medicine, Soltanska 2, 21000 Split, Croatia
    J Physiol 578:859-70. 2007
    b>Diving-induced acute alterations in cardiovascular function such as arterial endothelial dysfunction, increased pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and reduced heart function have been recently reported...
  97. ncbi Body density affects stroke patterns in Baikal seals
    Yuuki Watanabe
    Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 1 15 1 Minamidai, Nakano, Tokyo 164 8639, Japan
    J Exp Biol 209:3269-80. 2006
    ..These four data sets revealed the general diving patterns of Baikal seals and also provided direct insights into the influence of buoyancy on these patterns...
  98. ncbi The physiological and behavioural development of diving in Australian fur seal (Arctocephalus pusillus doriferus) pups
    L M Spence-Bailey
    School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
    J Comp Physiol B 177:483-94. 2007
    The physiological and behavioural development of diving was examined in Australian fur seal (Arctocephalus pusillus doriferus) pups to assess whether animals at weaning are capable of exploiting the same resources as adult females...
  99. ncbi Cardiovascular and thermal responses to SCUBA diving
    T J Doubt
    Division of Heart and Vascular Diseases, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 28:581-6. 1996
    Recreational SCUBA diving exposes individuals to environmental stresses not often encountered in other types of activity...
  100. ncbi Hemodynamic changes induced by recreational scuba diving
    Alain Boussuges
    IMNSSA, B P 610, 83800 Toulon, France
    Chest 129:1337-43. 2006
    Cardiac changes induced by scuba diving were investigated using Doppler echocardiography.
  101. ncbi Acoustic and diving behavior of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) during natural and depredation foraging in the Gulf of Alaska
    Delphine Mathias
    Marine Physical Laboratory, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0238, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 132:518-32. 2012
    ..These results suggest that depredation efforts might be measured remotely with passive acoustic monitoring at close ranges...

Research Grants38

  1. Nicotine Modulation of Parasympathetic Cardiac Neurons
    David Mendelowitz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The trigeminocardiac and diving reflexes are among the most powerful autonomic reflexes...
  2. MECHANISM OF CARDIORESPIRATORY RHYTHM IN NEONATES
    David Mendelowitz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    The diving reflex is the most powerful autonomic reflex. Stimulation of the diving reflex evokes a pronounced bradycardia with heart rate decreasing up to 51% upon a single facial submersion...
  3. Independent Scientist Development Award in Oxidative Stress and Apnea
    Rudy M Ortiz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..them to naturally adapt to extreme environmental conditions such as prolonged fasting and apnea (both sleep- and diving- induced) that may promote oxidative stress and its related pathologies...
  4. Mechanisms of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation during Prolonged Fasting and Slee
    Rudy M Ortiz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..weaned and commence a 2- 3 month long fast, all-the-while continuing to develop organ systems required for diving that will ensue following their postweaning fast...
  5. Neural Substrates and Mechanisms Underlying Rumination in Depression
    NEIL PATRICK JONES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These results will facilitate the identification of mechanisms diving rumination in depression...
  6. Neural Circulatory Control in the Long QT Syndrome
    Virend Somers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..swimming) have abnormal responses to chemoreflex activation, particularly during apnea, and abnormalities in the diving reflex response...
  7. Beyond GFP and aequorin: Ocean-wide study of fluorescent and luminous proteins
    Mikhail Matz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our sampling methods include plankton towing, blue water SCUBA diving, midwater trawling and submersible/ROV operations...
  8. Chemical disruption of Wnt-mediated signal transduction
    Lawrence Lum; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These studies should facilitate a transition from front-line anti-cancer agents that are generally toxic to rapidly diving cells to those that are tailored to the underlying genetics of individual cancers.
  9. CALCIUM CONTROL IN MUSKRAT HEARTS
    THOMAS MCKEAN; Fiscal Year: 1992
    DESCRIPTION (adapted from the applicant's abstract): During very long underwater excursions, diving mammals experience hypoxic conditions (arterial PO2+15 torr) that would be fatal to humans and other terrestrial animals...
  10. ANTIAIDS AGENTS FROM MARINE ORGANISMS
    Mark Hamann; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..allows a collector to extend the depth and time spent on a dive significantly beyond the limitations imposed by diving with conventional SCUBA...
  11. Inhibition of Integrase-Mediated Viral Nuclear Transport
    Mark Muesing; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The fact that our mutants are defective in dividing as well as non-diving cells is concordant with recent data indicating that nuclear transport of the HIV-1 genome is independent of ..
  12. SLEEP APNEA IN SEALS: METABOLIC IMPLICATIONS
    Michael Castellini; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..of similarities between hypoxia tolerance during sleep apnea and metabolic regulation during breath-hold diving. 3) Application of the findings to comparative studies of hypoxia tolerance during sleep apnea or chronic hypoxia ..
  13. EXERCISE AND ANIMAL MODELS OF HYPERTENSION
    CHARLES TIPTON; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Finally we intend to develop a unit that allows investigators to study the anatomical and physiological effects of swimming on rats without the trauma of repeated submergences and the consequences of the diving reflex.
  14. PREPARING THE UHMS LIBRARY HOLDINGS FOR ONLINE ACCESS
    DONALD CHANDLER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..non-profit scientific and medical association with a mandate to expand and disseminate the body of knowledge of diving and hyperbaric medicine. It was founded in 1967 and incorporated in 1972...
  15. WORKSHOP ON RESPIRATORY CONTROL IN DIVING
    CHARLES SHILLING; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..society is to organize, conduct, and report the findings of a workshop dealing with "Respiratory Control in Diving." This workshop is timely because there have been a number of unexplained episodes of loss of consciousness and ..
  16. Extraocular muscle stem cells for DMD therapy
    Tejvir Khurana; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..First, adult muscle has been shown to contain stem cells that are capable of diving, transdifferentiation and engraftment...
  17. SEMINAL DOCUMENTS OF DEEP SEA DIVING, 1860-1960
    CHARLES SHILLING; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..that have appeared over the years and that deal with the subject of hyperbaric activity, principally deep sea diving. Much of the early work is still significant, but it exists in rare book and periodical collections or in the ..
  18. THE CPA: SOMATIC AND AUTONOMIC SYSTEMS
    W Panneton; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The cardiorespiratory depression (the diving response) seen after stimulation of he upper respiratory tract (URT) has served as my model...
  19. Trigeminal Autonomic Interactions
    Paul McCulloch; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Having a better understanding of brainstem cardiorespiratory integration might provide a neurological basis for the etiology of SIDS. ..
  20. Does Nasal Stimulation Activate Presympathetic Neurons?
    Paul McCulloch; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..As such, this research has implications for understanding the etiology of neurogenic hypertension. ..
  21. Adolescence: A Sensitive Period for Nicotine Addiction
    Edward Levin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Nicotinic-Antipsychotic Drug Interactions and Cognition
    Edward Levin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. Behavioral Genetics and Toxic Response
    Edward Levin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  24. Marine Toxin Impacts on Neurobehavioral Function
    Edward Levin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The forum will provide an opportunity for methodological and theoretical issues to be integrated in the context of each talk as well as in a discussion session at the end of the symposium. ..
  25. CO POISONING IN THE CONTEXT OF A REPERFUSION INJURY
    Stephen Thom; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The research plan is aimed to test the hypothesis that immune responses and the associated oxidative stress cause neurological injuries. ..
  26. AUTONOMIC REGULATION OF AIRWAY SMOOTH MUSCLE TONE
    BRENDAN CANNING; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..It is anticipated that this information will improve our understanding of the role of the autonomic innervation of the healthy and diseased lung. ..
  27. HYPOXIC EFFECTS ON MAMMALIAN RESPIRATORY NEURAL NETWORK
    JAN M RAMIREZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our studies are directly relevant for SIDS as increasing evidence indicates that SIDS victims have diminished gasping and fail to arouse. Moreover SIDS victims have disturbed noradrenergic and serotonergic metabolism. ..
  28. Reflexes and Supraesophageal Consequences of Reflux Disease
    Brendan J Canning; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This research may also help identify novel therapeutic strategies for treating both GERD and chronic cough. ..
  29. The Effect of Statins on Skeletal Muscle Function
    PAUL DAVIS THOMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  30. Nitric oxide and mitochondrial biogenesis in sepsis
    Claude A Piantadosi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. The Effect of Pulmonary Interstitial Edema on Gas Exchange
    G Prisk; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..3) Define and quantify the relationship between alterations in the heterogeneity of pulmonary blood flow and lung water content using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and X-ray techniques. ..
  32. HORMONAL REGULATION OF LUNG DEVELOPMENT; PTHrP BIOLOGY
    John Torday; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These studies will provide important insights to the pathophysiology and treatment of chronic lung diseases of the newborn and adult alike. ..
  33. Lung Injury Protection by Coagulation Blockade
    CLAUDE PIANTADOSI; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A successfully optimized strategy could greatly attenuate persistence of pulmonary inflammation and facilitate the resolution of human ARDS. ..
  34. Substance P in the Central Respiratory Neural Network
    JAN RAMIREZ; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The expected outcome of this research plan will provide important concepts relevant for RS as it will lead to a better understanding of why low levels of SP cause irregular respiratory activity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. "Post-partum steroid withdrawal-induced depression"
    REBECCA CRAFT; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Findings from the proposed model will enhance our understanding of the etiology of PPD and possibly lead to improved treatment options. ..
  36. KININS AS MEDIATORS OF HUMAN REACTIONS
    BRENDAN CANNING; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These rigorous studies will not only clarify the role of BK in airway diseases, but will also have broader relevance by providing new and important insights into how neural function is altered in asthma and rhinitis. ..
  37. Deposition of 0.5 to 2 Micron Aerosol in the Human Lung
    G Prisk; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..5 to 1 micron). Such information will provide a much-improved basis for the assessment of exposure to small inhaled particles both in long duration spaceflight and on Earth. ..