feeding behavior

Summary

Summary: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Central nervous system control of food intake and body weight
    G J Morton
    Department of Medicine, Harborview Medical Center and University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Nature 443:289-95. 2006
  2. pmc Increased proportions of outdoor feeding among residual malaria vector populations following increased use of insecticide-treated nets in rural Tanzania
    Tanya L Russell
    Ifakara Health Institute, Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Malar J 10:80. 2011
  3. ncbi Orexins and orexin receptors: a family of hypothalamic neuropeptides and G protein-coupled receptors that regulate feeding behavior
    T Sakurai
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 75235 9050, USA
    Cell 92:573-85. 1998
  4. ncbi A role for ghrelin in the central regulation of feeding
    M Nakazato
    Third Department of Internal Medicine, Miyazaki Medical College, Kiyotake, Japan
    Nature 409:194-8. 2001
  5. pmc Outdoor host seeking behaviour of Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes following initiation of malaria vector control on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea
    Michael R Reddy
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
    Malar J 10:184. 2011
  6. ncbi AMP-kinase regulates food intake by responding to hormonal and nutrient signals in the hypothalamus
    Yasuhiko Minokoshi
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Nature 428:569-74. 2004
  7. pmc UCP2 mediates ghrelin's action on NPY/AgRP neurons by lowering free radicals
    Zane B Andrews
    Section of Comparative Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Nature 454:846-51. 2008
  8. pmc Restricted feeding uncouples circadian oscillators in peripheral tissues from the central pacemaker in the suprachiasmatic nucleus
    F Damiola
    , Sciences II, , CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland
    Genes Dev 14:2950-61. 2000
  9. doi Changes in Anopheles funestus biting behavior following universal coverage of long-lasting insecticidal nets in Benin
    Nicolas Moiroux
    MIVEGEC IRD 224 CNRS 5290 UM1 UM2, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Montpellier, France
    J Infect Dis 206:1622-9. 2012
  10. pmc Rapid, reversible activation of AgRP neurons drives feeding behavior in mice
    Michael J Krashes
    Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Clin Invest 121:1424-8. 2011

Detail Information

Publications318 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Central nervous system control of food intake and body weight
    G J Morton
    Department of Medicine, Harborview Medical Center and University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Nature 443:289-95. 2006
    ..This new information provides a biological context within which to consider the global obesity epidemic and identifies numerous potential avenues for therapeutic intervention and future research...
  2. pmc Increased proportions of outdoor feeding among residual malaria vector populations following increased use of insecticide-treated nets in rural Tanzania
    Tanya L Russell
    Ifakara Health Institute, Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Malar J 10:80. 2011
    ..In the surveyed area of rural southern Tanzania, bed net use steadily increased over the last decade, reducing malaria transmission intensity by 94%...
  3. ncbi Orexins and orexin receptors: a family of hypothalamic neuropeptides and G protein-coupled receptors that regulate feeding behavior
    T Sakurai
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 75235 9050, USA
    Cell 92:573-85. 1998
    ..prepro-orexin mRNA level is up-regulated upon fasting, suggesting a physiological role for the peptides as mediators in the central feedback mechanism that regulates feeding behavior.
  4. ncbi A role for ghrelin in the central regulation of feeding
    M Nakazato
    Third Department of Internal Medicine, Miyazaki Medical College, Kiyotake, Japan
    Nature 409:194-8. 2001
    ..We conclude that ghrelin is a physiological mediator of feeding, and probably has a function in growth regulation by stimulating feeding and release of growth hormone...
  5. pmc Outdoor host seeking behaviour of Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes following initiation of malaria vector control on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea
    Michael R Reddy
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
    Malar J 10:184. 2011
    ..gambiae sensu stricto (s.s.) is the primary malaria vector. The goal of the paper is to evaluate the importance of An gambiae s.l. outdoor host seeking behaviour and discuss its implications for anti-vector interventions...
  6. ncbi AMP-kinase regulates food intake by responding to hormonal and nutrient signals in the hypothalamus
    Yasuhiko Minokoshi
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Nature 428:569-74. 2004
    ..Thus, hypothalamic AMPK plays a critical role in hormonal and nutrient-derived anorexigenic and orexigenic signals and in energy balance...
  7. pmc UCP2 mediates ghrelin's action on NPY/AgRP neurons by lowering free radicals
    Zane B Andrews
    Section of Comparative Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Nature 454:846-51. 2008
    ..These results reveal a signalling modality connecting mitochondria-mediated effects of G-protein-coupled receptors on neuronal function and associated behaviour...
  8. pmc Restricted feeding uncouples circadian oscillators in peripheral tissues from the central pacemaker in the suprachiasmatic nucleus
    F Damiola
    , Sciences II, , CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland
    Genes Dev 14:2950-61. 2000
    ..Food-induced phase resetting proceeds faster in liver than in kidney, heart, or pancreas, but after 1 wk of daytime feeding, the phases of circadian gene expression are similar in all examined peripheral tissues...
  9. doi Changes in Anopheles funestus biting behavior following universal coverage of long-lasting insecticidal nets in Benin
    Nicolas Moiroux
    MIVEGEC IRD 224 CNRS 5290 UM1 UM2, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Montpellier, France
    J Infect Dis 206:1622-9. 2012
    ..We investigated whether full coverage of long-lasting insecticide-treated mosquito nets (LLINs) may induce a switch in biting behavior in Anopheles funestus, a major malaria vector in Africa...
  10. pmc Rapid, reversible activation of AgRP neurons drives feeding behavior in mice
    Michael J Krashes
    Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Clin Invest 121:1424-8. 2011
    ..food-seeking behavior, demonstrating that AgRP neurons engage brain sites controlling multiple levels of feeding behavior. Due to its ease of use and suitability for both acute and chronic regulation, DREADD technology is ideally ..
  11. pmc The role of saliva in tick feeding
    Ivo M B Francischetti
    Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda MD, USA
    Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) 14:2051-88. 2009
    ..This supplemental file is accessble fromhttp://exon.niaid.nih.gov/transcriptome/tick_review/Sup-Table-1.xls.gz...
  12. ncbi High-fat diet disrupts behavioral and molecular circadian rhythms in mice
    Akira Kohsaka
    Department of Neurobiology and Physiology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Cell Metab 6:414-21. 2007
    ..These results indicate that consumption of a high-calorie diet alters the function of the mammalian circadian clock...
  13. pmc Impact of promoting longer-lasting insecticide treatment of bed nets upon malaria transmission in a rural Tanzanian setting with pre-existing high coverage of untreated nets
    Tanya L Russell
    Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, P O Box 53, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Malar J 9:187. 2010
    ..Since 2006, a national-scale programme has promoted the use of longer-lasting insecticide treatment kits (consisting of an insecticide plus binder) co-packaged with all bed nets manufactured in the country...
  14. ncbi Rapid rewiring of arcuate nucleus feeding circuits by leptin
    Shirly Pinto
    Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Science 304:110-5. 2004
    ..These data suggest that leptin-mediated plasticity in the ob/ob hypothalamus may underlie some of the hormone's behavioral effects...
  15. doi The obesity gene, FTO, is of ancient origin, up-regulated during food deprivation and expressed in neurons of feeding-related nuclei of the brain
    Robert Fredriksson
    Department of Neuroscience, Functional Pharmacology, Uppsala University, Biomedical Center, Uppsala, Sweden
    Endocrinology 149:2062-71. 2008
    ..These results are consistent with the hypothesis that FTO could participate in the central control of energy homeostasis...
  16. ncbi Confirmatory factor analysis of the Child Feeding Questionnaire: a measure of parental attitudes, beliefs and practices about child feeding and obesity proneness
    L L Birch
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies and Graduate Program in Nutrition, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Appetite 36:201-10. 2001
    ..The CFQ is designed for use with parents of children ranging in age from about 2 to 11 years of age...
  17. ncbi Public information: from nosy neighbors to cultural evolution
    Etienne Danchin
    U P M C CNRS UMR7625, Bât A 7e étage Case 237, 7 quai Saint Bernard, 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Science 305:487-91. 2004
    ..The use of public information is taxonomically widespread and can enhance fitness. Public information can lead to cultural evolution, which we suggest may then affect biological evolution...
  18. ncbi Effective leadership and decision-making in animal groups on the move
    Iain D Couzin
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA
    Nature 433:513-6. 2005
    ..Our model provides new insights into the mechanisms of effective leadership and decision-making in biological systems...
  19. pmc Insecticide-treated nets can reduce malaria transmission by mosquitoes which feed outdoors
    Nicodem J Govella
    Ifakara Health Institute, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 82:415-9. 2010
    ..We also review recent reports from Tanzania to show that conventional mosquito behavior measures can underestimate the potential of ITNs because they ignore the importance of human movements...
  20. ncbi NPY/AgRP neurons are essential for feeding in adult mice but can be ablated in neonates
    Serge Luquet
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Box 357370, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Science 310:683-5. 2005
    ..that express neuropeptide Y (NPY) and agouti-related protein (AgRP) are thought to be critical regulators of feeding behavior and body weight...
  21. ncbi The evolutionary ecology of insect resistance to plant chemicals
    Laurence Despres
    Laboratoire d Ecologie Alpine, LECA UMR CNRS 5553, Universite Joseph Fourier, BP 53 38041, Grenoble Cedex 09, France
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:298-307. 2007
    ....
  22. ncbi Caterpillar-induced nocturnal plant volatiles repel conspecific females
    C M De Moraes
    USDA-ARS, CMAVE, PO Box 14565, Gainesville, Florida 32604, USA
    Nature 410:577-80. 2001
    ....
  23. ncbi Drosophila short neuropeptide F regulates food intake and body size
    Kyu Sun Lee
    Laboratory of Development and Differentiation, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, 52 Eoun dong, Yusong gu, Daejeon, 395 333, Korea
    J Biol Chem 279:50781-9. 2004
    ..Also, sNPF overexpression in nervous systems produced bigger and heavier flies. These findings indicate that the sNPF is expressed in the nervous systems to control food intake and regulate body size in Drosophila melanogaster...
  24. ncbi Gut hormone PYY(3-36) physiologically inhibits food intake
    Rachel L Batterham
    Imperial College Faculty of Medicine at Hammersmith Campus, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NN, UK
    Nature 418:650-4. 2002
    ..Thus, postprandial elevation of PYY(3-36) may act through the arcuate nucleus Y2R to inhibit feeding in a gut-hypothalamic pathway...
  25. pmc Major signaling pathways modulate Arabidopsis glucosinolate accumulation and response to both phloem-feeding and chewing insects
    Inga Mewis
    Department of Entomology, Chemical Ecology Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Plant Physiol 138:1149-62. 2005
    ..Our results indicate that exogenous signal application and plant consumption measures may not provide useful measures of plant responses to actual insect feeding...
  26. ncbi Gene expression and glucosinolate accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana in response to generalist and specialist herbivores of different feeding guilds and the role of defense signaling pathways
    Inga Mewis
    Pennsylvania State University, Department of Entomology, Chemical Ecology Laboratory, State College, PA 16802, USA
    Phytochemistry 67:2450-62. 2006
    ..Both glucosinolate content and gene expression data indicate that salicylate and ethylene signaling repress some jasmonate-mediated responses to herbivory...
  27. pmc Regulation of feeding and metabolism by neuronal and peripheral clocks in Drosophila
    Kanyan Xu
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Cell Metab 8:289-300. 2008
    Studies in mammals have indicated a connection between circadian clocks and feeding behavior, but the nature of the interaction and its relationship to nutrient metabolism are not understood...
  28. pmc Biologically meaningful coverage indicators for eliminating malaria transmission
    Samson S Kiware
    Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, PO Box 53, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Biol Lett 8:874-7. 2012
    ....
  29. pmc Human exposure to anopheline mosquitoes occurs primarily indoors, even for users of insecticide-treated nets in Luangwa Valley, South-east Zambia
    Aklilu Seyoum
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Vector Group, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    Parasit Vectors 5:101. 2012
    ..We studied the human biting behaviour of the malaria vector Anopheles funestus Giles and the potential malaria vector Anopheles quadriannulatus Theobald in Luangwa valley, south-east Zambia...
  30. doi Lévy walks evolve through interaction between movement and environmental complexity
    Monique de Jager
    Spatial Ecology Department, Netherlands Institute of Ecology NIOO KNAW, Yerseke, Netherlands
    Science 332:1551-3. 2011
    ..Our results emphasize that an interaction between individual selection and habitat complexity shapes animal movement in natural systems...
  31. ncbi Early biting rhythm in the Afro-tropical vector of malaria, Anopheles arabiensis, and challenges for its control in Ethiopia
    M Yohannes
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, College of Health Science, Mekelle University, Tigray, Ethiopia
    Med Vet Entomol 26:103-5. 2012
    ..00 hours in the three villages; over 70% of biting activity occurred before 22.00 hours, when people typically retire to bed. This early biting activity may have a negative impact on the efficiency of bednets to control malaria...
  32. ncbi The ecological causes of individual specialisation
    Márcio S Araújo
    Marine Sciences Program, Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33181, USA
    Ecol Lett 14:948-58. 2011
    ..We discuss some emerging methodological issues as guidelines for researchers studying individual specialisation, and make specific recommendations regarding avenues for future research...
  33. pmc The lipid messenger OEA links dietary fat intake to satiety
    Gary J Schwartz
    Diabetes Research Center, Departments of Medicine and Neuroscience, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY, USA
    Cell Metab 8:281-8. 2008
    ..The results suggest that activation of small-intestinal OEA mobilization, enabled by CD36-mediated uptake of dietary oleic acid, serves as a molecular sensor linking fat ingestion to satiety...
  34. ncbi Extreme diving of beaked whales
    Peter L Tyack
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:4238-53. 2006
    ..If the assumptions of these models are correct for beaked whales, then possible decompression problems are more likely to result from an abnormal behavioural response to sonar...
  35. pmc Hemolymph sugar homeostasis and starvation-induced hyperactivity affected by genetic manipulations of the adipokinetic hormone-encoding gene in Drosophila melanogaster
    Gyunghee Lee
    Department of Biochemistry and Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA
    Genetics 167:311-23. 2004
    ..From these findings, we propose another role for AKH in the regulation of starvation-induced foraging behavior...
  36. ncbi Obesity and the environment: where do we go from here?
    James O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Science 299:853-5. 2003
    ..Having a specific behavioral target for the prevention of weight gain may be key to arresting the obesity epidemic...
  37. ncbi Revisiting Lévy flight search patterns of wandering albatrosses, bumblebees and deer
    Andrew M Edwards
    British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK
    Nature 449:1044-8. 2007
    ..Our results question the strength of the empirical evidence for biological Lévy flights...
  38. ncbi Relationship between stress, eating behavior, and obesity
    Susan J Torres
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia
    Nutrition 23:887-94. 2007
    ....
  39. ncbi Optimizing the success of random searches
    G M Viswanathan
    Center for Polymer Studies and Department of Physics, Boston University, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Nature 401:911-4. 1999
    ..We test the theory by analysing experimental foraging data on selected insect, mammal and bird species, and find that they are consistent with the predicted inverse square power-law distributions...
  40. pmc A simulation model of African Anopheles ecology and population dynamics for the analysis of malaria transmission
    Jean Marc O Depinay
    Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, 16 Center Drive, Bethesda MD 20892, USA
    Malar J 3:29. 2004
    ..However, malaria remains uncontrolled and is increasing in many areas, as are vector and parasite resistance to insecticides and drugs...
  41. ncbi Influence of gene action across different time scales on behavior
    Y Ben-Shahar
    Department of Entomology, Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 320 Morrill Hall, 505 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Science 296:741-4. 2002
    ..Previous research showed that allelic differences in PKG expression result in two Drosophila foraging variants. The same gene can thus exert different types of influence on a behavior...
  42. pmc AGRP neurons are sufficient to orchestrate feeding behavior rapidly and without training
    Yexica Aponte
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Janelia Farm Research Campus, Ashburn, Virginia, USA
    Nat Neurosci 14:351-5. 2011
    ..of agouti-related peptide (AGRP) or pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) positively and negatively influence feeding behavior, respectively, possibly by reciprocally regulating downstream melanocortin receptors...
  43. pmc Light at night increases body mass by shifting the time of food intake
    Laura K Fonken
    Department of Neuroscience, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:18664-9. 2010
    ..These data are relevant to the coincidence between increasing use of light at night and obesity in humans...
  44. ncbi Hypothalamic CART is a new anorectic peptide regulated by leptin
    P Kristensen
    Health Care Discovery, Novo Nordisk, Bagsvaerd, Denmark
    Nature 393:72-6. 1998
    ..An antiserum against CART increases feeding in normal rats, indicating that CART may be an endogenous inhibitor of food intake in normal animals...
  45. pmc Changes in vector species composition and current vector biology and behaviour will favour malaria elimination in Santa Isabel Province, Solomon Islands
    Hugo Bugoro
    Australian Army Malaria Institute, Gallipoli Barracks, Enoggera, Australia
    Malar J 10:287. 2011
    ....
  46. ncbi Hypothalamic fatty acid metabolism mediates the orexigenic action of ghrelin
    Miguel Lopez
    Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Santiago de Compostela, S Francisco s n, 15782 Santiago de Compostela A Coruña, Spain
    Cell Metab 7:389-99. 2008
    ..Overall, our results indicate that modulation of hypothalamic fatty acid metabolism specifically in the VMH in response to ghrelin is a physiological mechanism that controls feeding...
  47. pmc Inferences of diplodocoid (Sauropoda: Dinosauria) feeding behavior from snout shape and microwear analyses
    John A Whitlock
    Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e18304. 2011
    ..Additionally, fortuitous preservation of a large proportion of cranial elements makes them an ideal clade in which to examine feeding behavior.
  48. pmc Dengue virus infection of the Aedes aegypti salivary gland and chemosensory apparatus induces genes that modulate infection and blood-feeding behavior
    Shuzhen Sim
    W Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Pathog 8:e1002631. 2012
    ..mounts responses to suppress DENV which, in turn, modulates the expression of chemosensory-related genes that regulate feeding behavior. These reciprocal interactions may have the potential to affect DENV transmission between humans.
  49. ncbi Formation of projection pathways from the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus to hypothalamic regions implicated in the neural control of feeding behavior in mice
    Sebastien G Bouret
    Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health and Science University, Beaverton, Oregon 97006, USA
    J Neurosci 24:2797-805. 2004
    ..Taken together, these findings provide new insight into development of hypothalamic circuits and suggest an anatomical basis for the delayed postnatal regulation of food intake and body weight by leptin...
  50. ncbi Blood-feeding behaviour of the malarial mosquito Anopheles arabiensis: implications for vector control
    I Tirados
    FARM Africa, London, U K
    Med Vet Entomol 20:425-37. 2006
    ..Hence, classical zooprophylaxis is unlikely to have a significant impact on the malaria vectorial capacity of An. arabiensis in Konso, whereas treating cattle with insecticide might do...
  51. doi Whitefly resistance traits derived from the wild tomato Solanum pimpinellifolium affect the preference and feeding behavior of Bemisia tabaci and reduce the spread of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus
    M J Rodríguez-López
    Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Malaga, Spain
    Phytopathology 101:1191-201. 2011
    ..Such behavior resulted in a reduced ability to reach the phloem. The superficial type of resistance observed in ABL 14-8 against B. tabaci probing significantly reduced primary and secondary spread of TYLCV...
  52. ncbi Activation of central melanocortin pathways by fenfluramine
    Lora K Heisler
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Science 297:609-11. 2002
    ..These results provide a mechanistic explanation of d-FEN's anorexic actions and indicate that drugs targeting these downstream melanocortin pathways may prove to be effective and more selective anti-obesity treatments...
  53. pmc Odorant-binding proteins OBP57d and OBP57e affect taste perception and host-plant preference in Drosophila sechellia
    Takashi Matsuo
    Department of Biological Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji, Tokyo, Japan
    PLoS Biol 5:e118. 2007
    ..citrifolia. Our finding of the genes involved in host-plant determination may lead to further understanding of mechanisms underlying taste perception, evolution of plant-herbivore interactions, and speciation...
  54. ncbi Scaling laws of marine predator search behaviour
    David W Sims
    Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK
    Nature 451:1098-102. 2008
    ..This may explain why Lévy-like behaviour seems to be widespread among diverse organisms, from microbes to humans, as a 'rule' that evolved in response to patchy resource distributions...
  55. doi Role of glucosinolates in insect-plant relationships and multitrophic interactions
    Richard J Hopkins
    Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala S 750 07, Sweden
    Annu Rev Entomol 54:57-83. 2009
    ..Plant breeders may use knowledge on glucosinolates to increase insect resistance in Brassica crops. State-of-the-art techniques, such as mutant analysis and metabolomics, are necessary to identify the exact role of glucosinolates...
  56. ncbi Neuronal activation in the hypothalamus and brainstem during feeding in rats
    Louise E Johnstone
    Centre for Integrative Physiology, University of Edinburgh, Hugh Robson Building, George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9XD, United Kingdom
    Cell Metab 4:313-21. 2006
    ..Thus orexigenic populations are strongly and rapidly activated at the onset of food presentation, followed rapidly by activity in anorexigenic populations when food is ingested...
  57. ncbi Mediators of weight loss and weight loss maintenance in middle-aged women
    Pedro J Teixeira
    Department of Exercise and Health, Faculty of Human Kinetics, Technical University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:725-35. 2010
    ..For long-term success, interventions must also be effective in promoting exercise intrinsic motivation and self-efficacy...
  58. ncbi The need to feed: homeostatic and hedonic control of eating
    Clifford B Saper
    Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Neuron 36:199-211. 2002
    ..We also examine the mechanisms for taste and reward systems that provide food with its intrinsically reinforcing properties and explore the links between the homeostatic and hedonic systems that ensure intake of adequate nutrition...
  59. doi Blood-feeding behavior of Aedes albopictus, a vector of Chikungunya on La Réunion
    Helene Delatte
    Research Unit 016, Institut de recherche pour le developpement IRD, Saint Pierre, France
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 10:249-58. 2010
    ..Ae. albopictus showed an opportunistic feeding behavior on a wide range of hosts (from cold-blooded to warm-blooded animals), supporting that it can be implicated in ..
  60. pmc Avoiding effective defenses: strategies employed by phloem-feeding insects
    Linda L Walling
    Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, Center for Plant Cell Biology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 0124, USA
    Plant Physiol 146:859-66. 2008
  61. ncbi Gut vagal afferents are not necessary for the eating-stimulatory effect of intraperitoneally injected ghrelin in the rat
    Myrtha Arnold
    Institute of Animal Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Schwerzenbach 8603, Switzerland
    J Neurosci 26:11052-60. 2006
    ....
  62. ncbi Agouti-related peptide-expressing neurons are mandatory for feeding
    Eva Gropp
    Institute for Genetics and Center for Molecular Medicine CMMC, Department of Mouse Genetics and Metabolism, University of Cologne, Zülpicher Str 47, 50674 Koln, Germany
    Nat Neurosci 8:1289-91. 2005
    ....
  63. doi Peripheral oscillators: the driving force for food-anticipatory activity
    Carolina Escobar
    Departamento de Anatomia, Facultad de Medicina UNAM, Mexico, Mexico
    Eur J Neurosci 30:1665-75. 2009
    ..This complex may constitute the proposed FEO and is distributed in our peripheral organs as well as within the central nervous system...
  64. doi The ecological significance of tool use in New Caledonian crows
    Christian Rutz
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 329:1523-6. 2010
    ..Our calculations provide estimates of larva-intake rates and show that just a few larvae can satisfy a crow's daily energy requirements, highlighting the substantial rewards available to competent tool users...
  65. pmc Silverleaf whitefly induces salicylic acid defenses and suppresses effectual jasmonic acid defenses
    Sonia I Zarate
    Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, Center for Plant Cell Biology, University of California, Riverside, California 92521 0124, USA
    Plant Physiol 143:866-75. 2007
    ..Collectively, these results showed that SLWF-repressed, JA-regulated defenses were associated with basal defense to the SLWF...
  66. doi Successful city dwellers: a comparative study of the ecological characteristics of urban birds in the Western Palearctic
    Anders Pape Møller
    Laboratoire de Parasitologie Evolutive, CNRS UMR 7103, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Bat A, 7 quai St Bernard, Case 237, 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Oecologia 159:849-58. 2009
    ..This suggests that a suite of ecological features providing them with general ecological success characterises species of birds that have successfully invaded urban environments...
  67. ncbi Experimental evidence for density-dependent reproduction in a cooperatively breeding passerine
    Lyanne Brouwer
    Evolutionary Ecology Group, School of Botany and Zoology, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 Australia
    Ecology 90:729-41. 2009
    ..Islands with the highest insect densities also had the highest bird densities and the largest breeding groups. Consequently, we suggest that the density-dependent effect on reproduction is caused by competition for food...
  68. ncbi How many animals really do the Lévy walk?
    Simon Benhamou
    Behavioral Ecology Group, Centre d Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Montpellier, France
    Ecology 88:1962-9. 2007
    ..In any case, emergent movement patterns should not be confused with the processes that gave rise to them...
  69. doi Circadian organization is governed by extra-SCN pacemakers
    Pinar Pezuk
    Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    J Biol Rhythms 25:432-41. 2010
    ..Taken together, these data show that FEO and MASCO are strong circadian pacemakers able to regulate the phases of peripheral oscillators...
  70. ncbi The hypothalamic neuropeptide melanin-concentrating hormone acts in the nucleus accumbens to modulate feeding behavior and forced-swim performance
    Dan Georgescu
    Department of Psychiatry, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas 75390 9070, USA
    J Neurosci 25:2933-40. 2005
    ..This work identifies a novel hypothalamic-AcSh circuit that influences appetitive behavior and mediates the antidepressant activity of MCH1R antagonists...
  71. ncbi Changes in self-efficacy and dietary adherence: the impact on weight loss in the PREFER study
    Melanie T Warziski
    Health and Community Systems Department, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, 415 Victoria Building, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    J Behav Med 31:81-92. 2008
    ..0001). Consistent with self-efficacy theory, improvement in self-efficacy over time supported greater weight loss. Adherence to the fat gram goal also influenced weight loss...
  72. pmc Differential contribution of frugivores to complex seed dispersal patterns
    P Jordano
    Integrative Ecology Group and Laboratorio de Ecología Molecular, Estacion Biologica de Donana, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Pabellón del Perú, Avenida María Luisa, S N, E 41013 Seville, Spain
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:3278-82. 2007
    ..Population declines of these key frugivore species may seriously impair seed-mediated gene flow in fragmented landscapes by truncating the long-distance events and collapsing seed arrival to a restricted subset of available microsites...
  73. ncbi Rapid evolution drives ecological dynamics in a predator-prey system
    Takehito Yoshida
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Nature 424:303-6. 2003
    ..These results confirm that prey evolution can substantially alter predator-prey dynamics, and therefore that attempts to understand population oscillations in nature cannot neglect potential effects from ongoing rapid evolution...
  74. pmc The role of dopamine in Drosophila larval classical olfactory conditioning
    Mareike Selcho
    Department of Biology, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 4:e5897. 2009
    ..Future studies of the dopaminergic system need to take into account such cellular dissociations in function in order to be meaningful...
  75. ncbi Handedness and asymmetry in scale-eating cichlids: antisymmetries of different strength
    Tom J M Van Dooren
    Institute of Biology, P O Box 9502, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
    Evolution 64:2159-65. 2010
    ..Also, asymmetry is plastic in this species: it can change in adults. We suggest that behavioral handedness in this system precedes and guides morphological asymmetry...
  76. ncbi Nutritional regulation of vitellogenesis in mosquitoes: implications for anautogeny
    Geoffrey M Attardo
    Department of Entomology and Institute for Integrative Genome Biology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 35:661-75. 2005
    ..In this review, we summarize what is currently known about the nutritional regulation of vitellogenesis in mosquitoes and the questions that remain to be answered about this important biological phenomenon...
  77. ncbi Restricted-feeding-induced anticipatory activity rhythm is associated with a phase-shift of the expression of mPer1 and mPer2 mRNA in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus but not in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of mice
    H Wakamatsu
    Department of Pharmacology and Brain Science, School of Human Sciences, Waseda University, 2-579-15 Mikajima, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359-1192, Japan
    Eur J Neurosci 13:1190-6. 2001
    ..The present results provide evidence of an association between food-entrainable oscillations and the expression of mPer1 and mPer2 in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus...
  78. ncbi Molecular characterization of the melanin-concentrating-hormone receptor
    Y Saito
    Department of Pharmacology, University of California, Irvine 92697 4625, USA
    Nature 400:265-9. 1999
    ....
  79. pmc Leptin regulates striatal regions and human eating behavior
    I Sadaf Farooqi
    University Department of Medicine and Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Addenbrooke s Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
    Science 317:1355. 2007
    ..of the fat-derived hormone leptin have provided key insights into the molecular and neural components of feeding behavior and body weight regulation...
  80. pmc Trends in snacking among U.S. children
    Carmen Piernas
    Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 29:398-404. 2010
    ..The largest increases have been in salty snacks and candy. Desserts and sweetened beverages remain the major sources of calories from snacks...
  81. pmc A central thermogenic-like mechanism in feeding regulation: an interplay between arcuate nucleus T3 and UCP2
    Anna Coppola
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Cell Metab 5:21-33. 2007
    ..These results reveal a physiological role for a thyroid-hormone-regulated mitochondrial uncoupling in hypothalamic neuronal networks...
  82. pmc Stomach ghrelin-secreting cells as food-entrainable circadian clocks
    Joseph LeSauter
    Department of Psychology, Barnard College, 3009 Broadway, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:13582-7. 2009
    ..It is likely that other FEOs also produce humoral signals that modulate FAA...
  83. pmc The feeding biomechanics and dietary ecology of Australopithecus africanus
    David S Strait
    Department of Anthropology, University at Albany, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY 12222, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:2124-9. 2009
    ..Our analysis reconciles apparent discrepancies between dietary reconstructions based on biomechanics, tooth morphology, and dental microwear...
  84. pmc Analysis of Anopheles arabiensis blood feeding behavior in southern Zambia during the two years after introduction of insecticide-treated bed nets
    Christen M Fornadel
    The W Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, The Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:848-53. 2010
    ..Because insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) have the potential to alter host feeding behavior, the extent of the zoophilic and exophagic tendencies of the vector was evaluated during the two rainy ..
  85. doi Dating the evolutionary origins of wrasse lineages (Labridae) and the rise of trophic novelty on coral reefs
    Peter F Cowman
    School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 52:621-31. 2009
    ..The current trophic diversity of the Labridae is a result of the accumulation of feeding modes dating back to the K/T boundary at 65 Ma, with all major feeding modes on present day reefs already in place 7.5 million years ago...
  86. pmc Hepatocyte-specific deletion of SIRT1 alters fatty acid metabolism and results in hepatic steatosis and inflammation
    Aparna Purushotham
    Laboratory of Signal Transduction, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Cell Metab 9:327-38. 2009
    ..Taken together, our data indicate that SIRT1 plays a vital role in the regulation of hepatic lipid homeostasis and that pharmacological activation of SIRT1 may be important for the prevention of obesity-associated metabolic diseases...
  87. ncbi Understanding the role of life events in weight loss and weight gain
    Jane Ogden
    Department of Psychology, University of Surrey, Surrey, UK
    Psychol Health Med 14:239-49. 2009
    ..To conclude, life events are related to weight change and the direction of this change can be explained both by the perceived nature of the event and its impact upon choice and function of eating and exercise...
  88. doi Brief, four-session group CBT reduces binge eating behaviors among bariatric surgery candidates
    Kathleen Ashton
    Bariatric and Metabolic Institute, Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    Surg Obes Relat Dis 5:257-62. 2009
    ..However, no previous studies have examined whether a preoperative binge eating intervention could successfully reduce binge eating behaviors among severely obese bariatric surgery candidates...
  89. doi Neurogenetics of food anticipation
    Etienne Challet
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UPR3212 associé à l Université de Strasbourg, Institut de Neurosciences Cellulaires et Intégratives, Département de Neurobiologie des Rythmes, 5 rue Blaise Pascal, 67084 Strasbourg, France
    Eur J Neurosci 30:1676-87. 2009
    ..Possible confounding effects associated with behavioral screening of meal anticipation in mutant mice are also discussed...
  90. pmc Enhanced food anticipatory activity associated with enhanced activation of extrahypothalamic neural pathways in serotonin2C receptor null mutant mice
    Jennifer L Hsu
    Gladstone Institute of Neurological Disease, San Francisco, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e11802. 2010
    ..These data suggest that 5-HT2CRs gate food anticipatory activity through mechanisms involving extrahypothalamic neural pathways...
  91. doi Escape from floral herbivory by early flowering in Arabidopsis halleri subsp. gemmifera
    Tetsuhiro Kawagoe
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kobe University, Nada, Kobe, Japan
    Oecologia 164:713-20. 2010
    ..brassicae. This study illustrates that the role of floral herbivory in shaping geographic variation in selection on flowering phenology may be more important than previously thought...
  92. pmc Maternal obesity induced by diet in rats permanently influences central processes regulating food intake in offspring
    Shona L Kirk
    Division of Reproduction and Endocrinology, King s College London, London, UK
    PLoS ONE 4:e5870. 2009
    ..Such effects may underlie the developmental programming of hyperphagia and obesity in these rats...
  93. doi Impacts of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis infection on tadpole foraging performance
    Matthew D Venesky
    Department of Biology, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA
    Ecohealth 6:565-75. 2009
    ..Thus, our results provide a potential mechanism of decreased developmental rates of Bd-infected tadpoles...
  94. doi Serotonin delivery into the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus affects differently feeding pattern and body weight in obese and lean Zucker rats
    Serguei O Fetissov
    Neuroscience Program, Surgical Metabolism and Nutrition Laboratory, Department of Surgery, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
    Appetite 54:346-53. 2010
    ..To determine if central serotonin (5-HT)-induced satiety is altered in obesity...
  95. doi The role of orexin-A in food motivation, reward-based feeding behavior and food-induced neuronal activation in rats
    D L Choi
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    Neuroscience 167:11-20. 2010
    Consumption beyond homeostatic needs, referred to here as reward-based feeding behavior, is a central contributor to the current obesity epidemic worldwide...
  96. pmc Does hunger and satiety drive eating anymore? Increasing eating occasions and decreasing time between eating occasions in the United States
    Barry M Popkin
    Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, 123 West Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:1342-7. 2010
    ..The design of dietary, metabolic, and intervention studies should reflect the meal patterning of free-living individuals, but this design has not been systematically reviewed recently...
  97. doi Beyond nature and nurture: phenotypic plasticity in blood-feeding behavior of Anopheles gambiae s.s. when humans are not readily accessible
    Thierry Lefevre
    Génétique et Evolution des Maladies Infectieuses, Montpellier, France
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:1023-9. 2009
    To test for the effects of host accessibility on blood-feeding behavior, we assessed degrees of anthropophily of the malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae at two stages of the behavioral sequence of host foraging, in a rice growing area near ..
  98. pmc Neural basis of timing and anticipatory behaviors
    Michael C Antle
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
    Eur J Neurosci 30:1643-9. 2009
    ..We also introduce the key topics represented in the papers in this issue. These papers focused on food anticipation, to explore the state of the art in the studies of the neural basis of timing and anticipatory behaviors...
  99. pmc Impact of insecticide-treated nets on wild pyrethroid resistant Anopheles epiroticus population from southern Vietnam tested in experimental huts
    Wim Van Bortel
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Dept Parasitology, Nationalestraat 155, B 2000 Antwerpen, Belgium
    Malar J 8:248. 2009
    ....
  100. ncbi Feeding behavior, diet, and the functional consequences of jaw form in orangutans, with implications for the evolution of Pongo
    Andrea B Taylor
    Departments of Community and Family Medicine and Biological Anthropology and Anatomy, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3907, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Hum Evol 50:377-93. 2006
    ..This study explores the relationship between feeding behavior, diet, and mandibular morphology in orangutans. All orangutans prefer ripe, pulpy fruit when available...
  101. ncbi Effect of intermittent fasting and refeeding on insulin action in healthy men
    Nils Halberg
    Dept of Muscle Research Centre, The Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 99:2128-36. 2005
    ..3,860 +/- 784 ng/ml, P = 0.02). This experiment is the first in humans to show that intermittent fasting increases insulin-mediated glucose uptake rates, and the findings are compatible with the thrifty gene concept...

Research Grants82

  1. Appetite: Serotonin and corticotropin releasing factor
    SuJean Choi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..paraventricular nuclei (PVN) on neuronal corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) mRNA expression and feeding behavior in rats. PVN CRF neurons are important mediators in the control of feeding behavior;e.g...
  2. OXYTOCIN & SOCIAL ATTACHMENT
    Thomas Insel; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..neuropeptide Y in the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus, which probably plays a major role in controlling feeding behavior. The results of these studies will help to understand better the role of CART peptides in the periphery, but ..
  3. Appetite: Serotonin and corticotropin releasing factor
    SuJean Choi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..paraventricular nuclei (PVN) on neuronal corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) mRNA expression and feeding behavior in rats. PVN CRF neurons are important mediators in the control of feeding behavior;e.g...
  4. Appetite: Serotonin and corticotropin releasing factor
    SuJean Choi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..paraventricular nuclei (PVN) on neuronal corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) mRNA expression and feeding behavior in rats. PVN CRF neurons are important mediators in the control of feeding behavior;e.g...
  5. Appetite: Serotonin and corticotropin releasing factor
    SuJean Choi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..paraventricular nuclei (PVN) on neuronal corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) mRNA expression and feeding behavior in rats. PVN CRF neurons are important mediators in the control of feeding behavior;e.g...
  6. NEUROBIOLOGY OF FEEDING BEHAVIOR IN BULIMIA
    Walter Kaye; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Considerable data in animals shows that feeding behavior is systematically regulated by a network of neuronal systems...
  7. NEUROBIOLOGY OF FEEDING BEHAVIOR IN BULIMIA
    Walter Kaye; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Considerable data in animals shows that feeding behavior is systematically regulated by a network of neuronal systems...
  8. DIOXINS AND HYPOTHALAMIC APPETITE NEUROPEPTIDES
    GEORGE GREELEY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..to PolyChlorinated Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PCAHs) or to mixtures of PCAHs disrupts the central control of feeding behavior. PCAHs, such as polychlorinated dibenzo-rho-dioxins (PCDDs), biphenyls (PCBs) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) ..
  9. DIOXINS AND HYPOTHALAMIC APPETITE NEUROPEPTIDES
    GEORGE GREELEY; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..to PolyChlorinated Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PCAHs) or to mixtures of PCAHs disrupts the central control of feeding behavior. PCAHs, such as polychlorinated dibenzo-rho-dioxins (PCDDs), biphenyls (PCBs) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) ..
  10. Ecological impacts of forest disturbance on La Crosse encephalitis virus dynamics
    MARIA RICHETTA HARRIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..studies: (1) FCD effects on mosquito vector and vertebrate host communities, (2) FCD effects on mosquito host-feeding behavior, (3) LAC vector competence of Cx...
  11. Ecological impacts of forest disturbance on La Crosse encephalitis virus dynamics
    MARIA RICHETTA CAMILLE HARRIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..studies: (1) FCD effects on mosquito vector and vertebrate host communities, (2) FCD effects on mosquito host-feeding behavior, (3) LAC vector competence of Cx...
  12. Neural Functioning of Feeding Centers in Obese Youth
    ROBERT STANLEY SHERWIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to glucose on the functional connections between the hypothalamus and other brain regions implicated in feeding behavior and that these differential effects are magnified in obese adolescents...
  13. ANOPHELES VECTOR POTENTIAL FOR MALARIA TRANSMISSION
    John Beier; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Profiles of blood-feeding behavior and digestive physiology will be developed for each anopheline species...
  14. The Role of Primary Neuronal Cilia in Appetite and Satiation
    Nicolas F Berbari; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..approach, the Yoder lab has previously demonstrated an important role for the primary cilium in regulating feeding behavior. Recently published data show that loss of cilia in the adult mouse, and more specifically in the ..
  15. SUBCORTICAL MODULATION OF THE DORSAL VAGAL COMPLEX
    Xueguo Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..certain forebrain structures, such as the hypothalamus and amygdala, play a particularly important role in feeding behavior. Unfortunately, while it is clear that these forebrain regions are important in the regulation of feeding, we ..
  16. SUBCORTICAL MODULATION OF THE DORSAL VAGAL COMPLEX
    Xueguo Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..certain forebrain structures, such as the hypothalamus and amygdala, play a particularly important role in feeding behavior. Unfortunately, while it is clear that these forebrain regions are important in the regulation of feeding, we ..
  17. SUBCORTICAL MODULATION OF THE DORSAL VAGAL COMPLEX
    Xueguo Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..certain forebrain structures, such as the hypothalamus and amygdala, play a particularly important role in feeding behavior. Unfortunately, while it is clear that these forebrain regions are important in the regulation of feeding, we ..
  18. SUBCORTICAL MODULATION OF THE DORSAL VAGAL COMPLEX
    William Renehan; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..certain forebrain structures, such as the hypothalamus and amygdala, play a particularly important role in feeding behavior. Unfortunately, while it is clear that these forebrain regions are important in the regulation of feeding, we ..
  19. Neurochemistry/physiology of proopiomelanocortin neurons
    Malcolm Low; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..that melanocortin signaling coordinately modulates stereotyped motor, reward, and hedonic aspects of feeding behavior;processes which are particularly relevant to human issues surrounding food choice and meal size in the ..
  20. Neurochemistry/physiology of proopiomelanocortin neurons
    MALCOLM JAMES LOW; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..that melanocortin signaling coordinately modulates stereotyped motor, reward, and hedonic aspects of feeding behavior;processes which are particularly relevant to human issues surrounding food choice and meal size in the ..
  21. Neurochemistry/physiology of proopiomelanocortin neurons
    MALCOLM JAMES LOW; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..that melanocortin signaling coordinately modulates stereotyped motor, reward, and hedonic aspects of feeding behavior;processes which are particularly relevant to human issues surrounding food choice and meal size in the ..
  22. Anorectic Drugs: Abuse and Behavioral Mechanisms of Action
    RICHARD FOLTIN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..food or smoking methamphetamine alters the response to pharmacological manipulations known to affect feeding behavior, and these alterations can be related to brain dopamine (DA)...
  23. Anorectic Drugs: Abuse and Behavioral Mechanisms of Action
    Richard W Foltin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..food or smoking methamphetamine alters the response to pharmacological manipulations known to affect feeding behavior, and these alterations can be related to brain dopamine (DA)...
  24. Anorectic Drugs: Abuse and Behavioral Mechanisms of Action
    RICHARD FOLTIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..food or smoking methamphetamine alters the response to pharmacological manipulations known to affect feeding behavior, and these alterations can be related to brain dopamine (DA)...
  25. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF ANOREXIA
    ALAN WATTS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..hypothalamic area and the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus contain neurons that constitute a ?feeding behavior controller?, and are sites where distinct feeding stimuli converge to control the core circuits that drive ..
  26. Neurobiology of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa
    Walter H Kaye; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provided by applicant): Individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) have aberrant feeding behavior and disturbances of emotionality and impulse control, which are thought to be related to dysfunction of ..
  27. BRAINSTEM CIRCUITS CONTROLLING GASTROINTESTINAL FUNCTION
    RENATO TRAVAGLI; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..that can radically alter feeding behavior or GI function...
  28. BRAINSTEM CIRCUITS CONTROLLING GASTROINTESTINAL FUNCTION
    RENATO TRAVAGLI; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..that can radically alter feeding behavior or GI function...
  29. BRAINSTEM CIRCUITS CONTROLLING GASTROINTESTINAL FUNCTION
    RENATO TRAVAGLI; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..that can radically alter feeding behavior or GI function...
  30. BRAINSTEM CIRCUITS CONTROLLING GASTROINTESTINAL FUNCTION
    RENATO TRAVAGLI; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..that can radically alter feeding behavior or GI function...
  31. BRAINSTEM CIRCUITS CONTROLLING GASTROINTESTINAL FUNCTION
    RENATO TRAVAGLI; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..that can radically alter feeding behavior or GI function...
  32. NEURAL PATHWAYS FOR METABOLIC CONTROL OF INGESTION
    S Ritter; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Experiments addressing this aim map hindbrain sites at which feeding behavior can be elicited by nanoliter injections of glucoprivic agents...
  33. CNS OPIOID MECHANISMS THAT MODULATE REWARD AND AVERSION
    KENNETH CARR; Fiscal Year: 1992
    Previous research suggests that brain opioid activity is triggered by palatable food taste and sustains feeding behavior by mediating incentive-reward...
  34. Nucleus Accumbens-Mediated Feeding: Output Pathways
    THOMAS STRATFORD; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..project is to identify and characterize the neural circuits through which the AcbSh produces changes in Feeding behavior. Our fundamental working hypothesis is that the AcbSh affects feeding by potently regulating neural activity ..
  35. Nucleus Accumbens-Mediated Feeding: Output Pathways
    Thomas R Stratford; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..project is to identify and characterize the neural circuits through which the AcbSh produces changes in Feeding behavior. Our fundamental working hypothesis is that the AcbSh affects feeding by potently regulating neural activity ..
  36. Nucleus Accumbens-Mediated Feeding: Output Pathways
    THOMAS STRATFORD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..project is to identify and characterize the neural circuits through which the AcbSh produces changes in Feeding behavior. Our fundamental working hypothesis is that the AcbSh affects feeding by potently regulating neural activity ..
  37. LARVAL MOSQUITO FEEDING AND MICROBIAL INTERACTIONS
    Edward Walker; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..g., toxic agents that are ingested by larvae) requires a thorough understanding of the feeding behavior, mechanisms, and food resources of larvae...
  38. LARVAL MOSQUITO FEEDING AND MICROBIAL INTERACTIONS
    Edward Walker; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..g., toxic agents that are ingested by larvae) requires a thorough understanding of the feeding behavior, mechanisms, and food resources of larvae...
  39. RAT MODEL FOR POSTOPERATIVE NUTRITION RESEARCH
    Michael Meguid; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..a relevant and reproducible rat TPN model and an automated device for continuously detecting and recording feeding behavior. Using this model, we have studied blood, liver, and brain intermediary metabolites, amino acids, and ..
  40. Cervical (Neck) Auscultation and Developmental Outcomes
    Eric Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The integration of suck-swallow-breath rhythms is essential for development of effective feeding behavior. Patterns of suck-swallow-breath rhythms during feeding become more uniform as preterm infants grow and these ..
  41. Cervical (Neck) Auscultation and Developmental Outcomes
    Eric Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The integration of suck-swallow-breath rhythms is essential for development of effective feeding behavior. Patterns of suck-swallow-breath rhythms during feeding become more uniform as preterm infants grow and these ..
  42. Cervical (Neck) Auscultation Developmental Outcomes
    Eric Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The integration of suck-swallow-breath rhythms is essential for development of effective feeding behavior. Patterns of suck-swallow-breath rhythms during feeding become more uniform as preterm infants grow and these ..
  43. CORRELATES OF PRETERM AND TERM INFANT FEEDING OUTCOMES
    Karen Pridham; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..fullterm infants) through the first year post term; and (b) examines the effect of maternal and infant feeding behavior on these outcomes...
  44. Structural Domains Essential for Serotonin Receptor Pharmacology
    Bryan Roth; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..central nervous system processes including the modulation of mood, perception and anxiety, the regulation of feeding behavior and the control of sleep and wakefulness...
  45. Structural Domains Essential for Serotonin Receptor Pharmacology
    Bryan Roth; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..central nervous system processes including the modulation of mood, perception and anxiety, the regulation of feeding behavior and the control of sleep and wakefulness...
  46. Structural Domains Essential for Serotonin Receptor Pharmacology
    Bryan Roth; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..central nervous system processes including the modulation of mood, perception and anxiety, the regulation of feeding behavior and the control of sleep and wakefulness...
  47. Structural Domains Essential for Serotonin Receptor Pharmacology
    Bryan Roth; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..central nervous system processes including the modulation of mood, perception and anxiety, the regulation of feeding behavior and the control of sleep and wakefulness...
  48. Structural Domains Essential for Serotonin Receptor Pharmacology
    Bryan Roth; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..central nervous system processes including the modulation of mood, perception and anxiety, the regulation of feeding behavior and the control of sleep and wakefulness...
  49. Structural Domains Essential for Serotonin Receptor Pharmacology
    Bryan Roth; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..central nervous system processes including the modulation of mood, perception and anxiety, the regulation of feeding behavior and the control of sleep and wakefulness...
  50. STRUCTURAL DOMAINS FOR SEROTONIN RECEPTOR PHARMACOLOGY
    Bryan Roth; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..central nervous system processes including the modulation of mood, perception and anxiety, the regulation of feeding behavior and the control of sleep and wakefulness...
  51. Screening Method for GPCRs Related to Appetite
    MARIA MORANO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This proposal focuses on developing testing platforms for GPCR families associated with feeding behavior. A distinguishing feature of the drug-discovery strategy we are pursuing is that is based on an efficient and ..
  52. Screening Method for GPCRs Related to Appetite
    MARIA MORANO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This proposal focuses on developing testing platforms for GPCR families associated with feeding behavior. A distinguishing feature of the drug-discovery strategy we are pursuing is that is based on an efficient and ..
  53. Screening Method for GPCRs Related to Appetite
    MARIA MORANO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This proposal focuses on developing testing platforms for GPCR families associated with feeding behavior. A distinguishing feature of the drug-discovery strategy we are pursuing is that is based on an efficient and ..
  54. Screening Method for GPCRs Related to Appetite
    MARIA MORANO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This proposal focuses on developing testing platforms for GPCR families associated with feeding behavior. A distinguishing feature of the drug-discovery strategy we are pursuing is that is based on an efficient and ..
  55. Screening Method for GPCRs Related to Appetite
    MARIA MORANO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This proposal focuses on developing testing platforms for GPCR families associated with feeding behavior. A distinguishing feature of the drug-discovery strategy we are pursuing is that is based on an efficient and ..
  56. Maternal Nutrition Education and Early Childhood Caries: A Randomized Field Trial
    BENJAMIN WILK CHAFFEE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..use, plays an import role in the development of dental caries, and thus, efforts to improve nutrition and feeding behavior may yield oral health benefits above and beyond improvements in general health...
  57. Altering Energy Balance by Systemic Delivery of RNAi to the Neuroendocrine Brain
    Sergio R Ojeda; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..stimulate energy expenditure, neurons containing neuropeptide Y/Agouti-related peptide (NPY/AgRP) stimulate feeding behavior and inhibit energy expenditure...
  58. Taste, smell, and feeding behavior in autism: A quantitative traits study
    Loisa Bennetto; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., restricted eating behavior). Inspired by a growing literature on the genetics of taste and smell, we will also study how these traits are shared within families who have a child with autism. ..
  59. SUCROSE AND/OR FAT INGESTION EFFECT ON OPIOIDS
    Allen Levine; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..sweet and/or fat) results in an increase in the release of endogenous opioids at brain sites involved in feeding behavior and/or "reward...
  60. SUCROSE AND/OR FAT INGESTION EFFECT ON OPIOIDS
    Allen Levine; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..sweet and/or fat) results in an increase in the release of endogenous opioids at brain sites involved in feeding behavior and/or "reward...
  61. SUCROSE AND/OR FAT INGESTION EFFECT ON OPIOIDS
    Allen Levine; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..sweet and/or fat) results in an increase in the release of endogenous opioids at brain sites involved in feeding behavior and/or "reward...
  62. SUCROSE AND/OR FAT INGESTION EFFECT ON OPIOIDS
    Allen Levine; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..sweet and/or fat) results in an increase in the release of endogenous opioids at brain sites involved in feeding behavior and/or "reward...
  63. SUCROSE AND/OR FAT INGESTION EFFECT ON OPIOIDS
    Allen Levine; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..sweet and/or fat) results in an increase in the release of endogenous opioids at brain sites involved in feeding behavior and/or "reward...
  64. Taste, smell, and feeding behavior in autism: A quantitative traits study
    Loisa Bennetto; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., restricted eating behavior). Inspired by a growing literature on the genetics of taste and smell, we will also study how these traits are shared within families who have a child with autism. ..
  65. Taste, smell, and feeding behavior in autism: A quantitative traits study
    Loisa Bennetto; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., restricted eating behavior). Inspired by a growing literature on the genetics of taste and smell, we will also study how these traits are shared within families who have a child with autism. ..
  66. SUCROSE AND/OR FAT INGESTION EFFECT ON OPIOIDS
    Allen Levine; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..sweet and/or fat) results in an increase in the release of endogenous opioids at brain sites involved in feeding behavior and/or "reward...
  67. SUCROSE AND/OR FAT INGESTION EFFECT ON OPIOIDS
    Allen Levine; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..sweet and/or fat) results in an increase in the release of endogenous opioids at brain sites involved in feeding behavior and/or "reward...
  68. SUCROSE AND/OR FAT INGESTION EFFECT ON OPIOIDS
    Allen Levine; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..sweet and/or fat) results in an increase in the release of endogenous opioids at brain sites involved in feeding behavior and/or "reward...
  69. Melanocortin Signaling in Feeding Behavior
    ROGER CONE; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..IML, PBL, and DMV, and stereotaxic injection of melanocortJn compounds into the PVN can profoundly impact feeding behavior. Thus, the regulation of autonomic outflow to the gut by the melanocortin system may be an important pathway ..
  70. Melanocortin Signaling in Feeding Behavior
    ROGER CONE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..IML, PBL, and DMV, and stereotaxic injection of melanocortJn compounds into the PVN can profoundly impact feeding behavior. Thus, the regulation of autonomic outflow to the gut by the melanocortin system may be an important pathway ..
  71. CANNABINOIDS AND THE HYPOTHALAMIC-PITUITARY-ADRENAL AXIS
    Laura Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..in the ability of cannabinoids to decrease luteinizing hormone (LH) and induce catalepsy and alterations in feeding behavior will be investigated...
  72. Melanocortin Signaling in Feeding Behavior
    ROGER CONE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..IML, PBL, and DMV, and stereotaxic injection of melanocortJn compounds into the PVN can profoundly impact feeding behavior. Thus, the regulation of autonomic outflow to the gut by the melanocortin system may be an important pathway ..
  73. Circadian Clock of the Paraventricular Nucleus
    Charles Weitz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..play a vital role in central, endocrine, and autonomic physiological processes, particularly those regulating feeding behavior, energy balance, and glucose homeostasis...
  74. Circadian Clock of the Paraventricular Nucleus
    Charles J Weitz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..play a vital role in central, endocrine, and autonomic physiological processes, particularly those regulating feeding behavior, energy balance, and glucose homeostasis...
  75. CANNABINOIDS AND THE HYPOTHALAMIC-PITUITARY-ADRENAL AXIS
    Laura Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..in the ability of cannabinoids to decrease luteinizing hormone (LH) and induce catalepsy and alterations in feeding behavior will be investigated...
  76. Taste and feeding circuits in Drosophila
    MICHAEL DOUGLAS GORDON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Experiments in this proposal will examine the neural substrates of taste perception and feeding behavior in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster...
  77. CANNABINOIDS AND THE HYPOTHALAMIC-PITUITARY-ADRENAL AXIS
    Laura Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..in the ability of cannabinoids to decrease luteinizing hormone (LH) and induce catalepsy and alterations in feeding behavior will be investigated...
  78. CANNABINOIDS AND THE HYPOTHALAMIC-PITUITARY-ADRENAL AXIS
    Laura Murphy; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..in the ability of cannabinoids to decrease luteinizing hormone (LH) and induce catalepsy and alterations in feeding behavior will be investigated...