Genomes and Genes
Summary: Innate response elicited by sensory stimuli associated with a threatening situation, or actual confrontation with an enemy.
Publications236 found, 100 shown here
- Omega-3 fatty acids and rodent behaviorIrina Fedorova
Laboratory of Membrane Biochemistry and Biophysics, National Institutes on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, MSC 9410, Bethesda, MD 20892 9410, USA
Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 75:271-89. 2006..The possible role of non-cognitive factors like emotionality and attention in the impaired performance of n-3 fatty acid deficient animals also requires further investigation...
- Prior electrical stimulation of dorsal periaqueductal grey matter or deep layers of the superior colliculus sensitizes rats to anxiety-like behaviors in the elevated T-maze testLeandro Pinto de Almeida
Laboratory of Comparative Psychology, School of Psychology, University Estácio de Sá, 20260 060 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Behav Brain Res 170:175-81. 2006..Besides, the data supports the view that prior electrical stimulation of DPAG and DLSC is selective in sensitizing rats to anxiety-like behaviors, but not to panic-like behaviors in the elevated T-maze test...
- Two months makes a difference in spatial orientation learning in very old FBNF1 ratsF Josef van der Staay
Institute of CNS Research, Bayer, Wuppertal, Germany
Physiol Behav 87:659-65. 2006..If there are not sufficient animals from one batch, it may be worthwhile to combine animals from different batches per age group, provided that breeding, rearing, housing, and testing conditions are highly standardized...
- Effects of escapable and inescapable stressors on behavior and interleukin-2 in the brainYen Ti Lee
Institute of Behavioral Medicine, Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, Republic of China
Neuroreport 19:1243-7. 2008..These data provide insight into the pathophysiological role of IL-2 in stress-related disorders...
- Inhibition of hippocampal Jun N-terminal kinase enhances short-term memory but blocks long-term memory formation and retrieval of an inhibitory avoidance taskLia R M Bevilaqua
Centro de Memoria, Departamento de Bioquimica, Instituto de Ciencias Basicas da Saude, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Ramiro Barcellos 2600 Anexo Porto Alegre, RS 90035 003, Brazil
Eur J Neurosci 17:897-902. 2003..No action of this drug on locomotor/exploratory activity or general anxiety state could be detected. The significance of these results is discussed in the context of others describing the independence of LTM from STM...
- Escape behavior elicited by single, channelrhodopsin-2-evoked spikes in zebrafish somatosensory neuronsAdam D Douglass
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, 16 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
Curr Biol 18:1133-7. 2008..These results establish ChR2 as a powerful tool for the manipulation of neural activity in zebrafish and reveal a degree of efficiency in coding that has not been found in primary sensory neurons...
- Nociceptive neurons protect Drosophila larvae from parasitoid waspsRichard Y Hwang
Department of Neurobiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
Curr Biol 17:2105-16. 2007..In response, the larvae "roll" with a motor pattern that is completely distinct from the style of locomotion that is used for foraging...
- Animal escapology I: theoretical issues and emerging trends in escape trajectoriesPaolo Domenici
CNR IAMC Localitá Sa Mardini, 09072 Torregrande Or, Italy
J Exp Biol 214:2463-73. 2011....
- Animal escapology II: escape trajectory case studiesPaolo Domenici
CNR IAMC Localitá Sa Mardini, 09072 Torregrande Or, Italy
J Exp Biol 214:2474-94. 2011....
- Risk assessment as an evolved threat detection and analysis processD Caroline Blanchard
Pacific Biosciences Research Center and Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, United States
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 35:991-8. 2011..An especially intriguing possibility is that mirror neurons may respond to some of the same types of situational differences that are analyzed during risk assessment, suggesting an additional functional role for these neurons...
- Behavioural and kinematic components of the fast-start escape response in fish: individual variation and temporal repeatabilityStefano Marras
UMR 5554, Institut des Sciences de l Evolution de Montpellier, Université de Montpellier 2, Station Mediterraneenne de l Environnement Littoral, 2 rue des Chantiers, F 34200 Sète, France
J Exp Biol 214:3102-10. 2011....
- Effects of Lorazepam and citalopram on human defensive reactions: ethopharmacological differentiation of fear and anxietyAdam M Perkins
Centre for Neuroimaging Sciences, Institute of Psychiatry, London SE5 8AF, UK
J Neurosci 29:12617-24. 2009..These data also contribute to the validation of a novel human analog of an established experimental model of rodent fear and anxiety...
- Mapping a sensory-motor network onto a structural and functional ground plan in the hindbrainMinoru Koyama
Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:1170-5. 2011..Many different specialized hindbrain networks may arise similarly from a simple early patterning...
- Anthropogenic noise affects risk assessment and attention: the distracted prey hypothesisAlvin Aaden Yim Hol Chan
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1606, USA
Biol Lett 6:458-61. 2010..Anthropogenic sounds may thus distract prey and make them more vulnerable to predation...
- Initiation of Mauthner- or non-Mauthner-mediated fast escape evoked by different modes of sensory inputTsunehiko Kohashi
Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464 8602, Japan
J Neurosci 28:10641-53. 2008..These results suggest that M-cell firing is necessary for fast escape with short latency elicited by acousticovestibular input and that MiD3cm is more involved in non-M-escape driven by head-tactile input...
- Evidence for a widespread brain stem escape network in larval zebrafishEthan Gahtan
Department of Biology, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
J Neurophysiol 87:608-14. 2002..The degree of robustness or redundancy of this system has implications for the descending control of vertebrate locomotion...
- Fear in animals: a meta-analysis and review of risk assessmentTheodore Stankowich
Department of Psychology, University of California Animal Behavior Graduate Group, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Proc Biol Sci 272:2627-34. 2005..We find that selection generally acts on prey to be sensitive to predator behaviour, as well as on prey to modify their behaviour and morphology...
- Behavioural asymmetry affects escape performance in a teleost fishMarco Dadda
Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, Italy
Biol Lett 6:414-7. 2010..Therefore, lateralization is likely to result in superior ability to escape from predator attacks, since previous work has shown that escape timing, turning rate and distance travelled are among the main determinants of escape success...
- Escape performance decreases during ontogeny in wild cricketsO Dangles
Universite de Tours, IRBI UMR CNRS 6035, Parc Grandmont, 37200 Tours, France
J Exp Biol 210:3165-70. 2007..We expect that our analysis of size-refuge will also improve our understanding in the development of performance, given its importance in community and population ecology theories...
- An alternative theoretical approach to escape decision-making: the role of visual cuesVeronika Javůrková
Department of Zoology, Biodiversity Research Group, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
PLoS ONE 7:e32522. 2012....
- Neural activity associated with monitoring the oscillating threat value of a tarantulaDean Mobbs
Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 7EF, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:20582-6. 2010..Our findings fractionate the neurobiological mechanisms associated with basic fear and potentially illuminate the perturbed reactions that characterize clinical phobias...
- Learning temporal patterns of risk in a predator-diverse environmentYoland J Bosiger
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia
PLoS ONE 7:e34535. 2012..Our results provide the first experimental demonstration of a mechanism by which prey in a complex, multi-predator environment can learn and respond to daily patterns of predation risk...
- Lesion of the ventral periaqueductal gray reduces conditioned fear but does not change freezing induced by stimulation of the dorsal periaqueductal grayD M Vianna
, Faculdade Filosofia, , , , SP, Brasil
Learn Mem 8:164-9. 2001..A discussion on different neural circuitries that might underlie different inhibitory and active defensive behavioral patterns that animals display during threatening situations is presented...
- A tyramine-gated chloride channel coordinates distinct motor programs of a Caenorhabditis elegans escape responseJennifer K Pirri
Department of Neurobiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA
Neuron 62:526-38. 2009..Activation of LGC-55 by tyramine coordinates the output of two distinct motor programs, locomotion and head movements that are critical for a C. elegans escape response...
- Collective defense of Aphis nerii and Uroleucon hypochoeridis (Homoptera, Aphididae) against natural enemiesManfred Hartbauer
Behavioural Ecology Group, Department of Zoology, Karl Franzens University Graz, Graz, Austria
PLoS ONE 5:e10417. 2010..This cooperative defense behavior provides an example of a surprising sociality that can be found in some aphid species that are not expected to be social at all...
- Infrasound initiates directional fast-start escape responses in juvenile roach Rutilus rutilusHans E Karlsen
Institute of Biology, University of Oslo, Blindern N 0316, Norway
J Exp Biol 207:4185-93. 2004..We conclude that particle acceleration is essential for the directionality of the startle response to infrasound, and that the response is triggered by the synergistic effects of acceleration and compression...
- Optimal flight initiation distanceWilliam E Cooper
Department of Biology, Indiana University Purdue University Fort Wayne, Fort Wayne, IN 46805, USA
J Theor Biol 244:59-67. 2007....
- Behavioural responses of hatchery-reared and wild cod Gadus morhua to mechano-acoustic predator signalsJ J Meager
Department of Biology, University of Bergen, P O Box 7800, Bergen N 5020, Norway
J Fish Biol 78:1437-50. 2011..This suggests that experience plays a role in shaping the behavioural response of fishes to MA stimuli...
- Functional role of a specialized class of spinal commissural inhibitory neurons during fast escapes in zebrafishChie Satou
National Institutes of Natural Sciences, Okazaki Institute for Integrative Bioscience, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Okazaki, Aichi 444 8787, Japan
J Neurosci 29:6780-93. 2009..This study illustrates (1) a clear example of the behavioral role of a specialized class of interneurons and (2) the capacity of the spinal circuits to filter descending commands and thereby produce the appropriate behavior...
- Mammalian herbivore breath alerts aphids to flee host plantMoshe Gish
Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Curr Biol 20:R628-9. 2010..The pea aphids' highly adaptive escape behavior uniquely demonstrates the strength of the selective pressure large mammalian herbivores impose on insect herbivores...
- The fear-avoidance model of musculoskeletal pain: current state of scientific evidenceMaaike Leeuw
Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
J Behav Med 30:77-94. 2007..Finally, available evidence on recent clinical applications is provided, and unresolved issues that need further exploration are discussed...
- Behavioral measures of anxiety in zebrafish (Danio rerio)R E Blaser
Department of Psychology, University of San Diego, 5998 Alcala Park, San Diego, CA 92110, USA
Behav Brain Res 208:56-62. 2010..Freezing is therefore suggested to be a viable measure of white-induced anxiety, while interpretation of the other behaviors is more ambiguous and will require further investigation...
- A two-dimensional neuropsychology of defense: fear/anxiety and defensive distanceNeil McNaughton
Department Psychology and Neuroscience Research Centre, University of Otago, P O Box 56 Dunedin, New Zealand
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 28:285-305. 2004..Our current development and these proposed future extensions do not change the core concepts originally proposed by Gray and, we argue, demonstrate their enduring value...
- Lateralization in the escape behaviour of the common wall lizard (Podarcis muralis)Beatrice Bonati
Dipartimento di Biologia Evolutiva e Funzionale, Sezione Museo di Storia Naturale, Universita di Parma, via Farini 90, Parma, Italy
Behav Brain Res 207:1-6. 2010..Moreover, we found a left bias in turning the head for monitoring the predatory stimulus during escape, supporting the hypothesis that such a preference is likely due to visual lateralization rather than to motor lateralization...
- Avoiding incidental predation by mammalian herbivores: accurate detection and efficient response in aphidsMoshe Gish
Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Naturwissenschaften 98:731-8. 2011..The accurate and efficient defense mechanism of U. sonchi emphasizes the significance of incidental predation as a danger to plant-dwelling invertebrates...
- S- and C-start escape responses of the muskellunge (Esox masquinongy) require alternative neuromotor mechanismsMelina E Hale
Department of Organismal Biology and Anatomy, University of Chicago, 1027 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
J Exp Biol 205:2005-16. 2002..Alternative models are proposed for S-start neural circuit organization involving reticulospinal and local control of muscle activity...
- Predator avoidance behavior in the pea aphid: costs, frequency, and population consequencesErik H Nelson
Center for Population Biology, Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Oecologia 151:22-32. 2007....
- A novel thermosensitive escape behavior in Drosophila larvaeMatthew Oswald
Department of Biology and Hull York Medical School, University of York, York, England UK
Fly (Austin) 5:304-6. 2011..This response is highly reproducible and directly applicable to genetic and neural circuit analysis of a simple escape behavior...
- Accelerometer tags: detecting and identifying activities in fish and the effect of sampling frequencyFranziska Broell
Department of Oceanography, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS, Canada, B3H 4R2
J Exp Biol 216:1255-64. 2013..If battery and/or data storage is limited, we also recommend archiving the events via an on-board algorithm that determines the highest likelihood and subsequent archiving of the various event classes of interest...
- Neuromodulation intrinsic to the central pattern generator for escape swimming in TritoniaP S Katz
Department of Biology, Georgia State University, Atlanta 30302, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 860:181-8. 1998..These neuromodulatory actions intrinsic to the CPG may be important for the initial self-configuration of the system into a function CPG and for experience-dependent changes in the output such as behavioral sensitization and habituation...
- Temporal learning of predation risk by embryonic amphibiansMaud C O Ferrari
Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, 112 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, S7N 5E2
Biol Lett 6:308-10. 2010....
- Escape behaviors in insectsGwyneth M Card
Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA 20147, United States
Curr Opin Neurobiol 22:180-6. 2012....
- Partial tail loss has no severe effects on energy stores and locomotor performance in a lacertid lizard, Takydromus septentrionalisZhi hua Lin
Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Bioresource Technology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Jiangsu, People s Republic of China
J Comp Physiol B 175:567-73. 2005..Our data show that partial tail loss due to predatory encounters or other factors may not severely affect energy stores and locomotor performance in T. septentrionalis...
- The neuroethology of C. elegans escapeJennifer K Pirri
Department of Neurobiology, LRB 717, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA
Curr Opin Neurobiol 22:187-93. 2012..elegans, enables a comprehensive neuroethological analysis of behavior. In this review we discuss the neuronal mechanisms and the ecological significance of the C. elegans touch response...
- Behavioral characterization of the alarm reaction and anxiolytic-like effect of acute treatment with fluoxetine in piauçu fishAugusto Barbosa Júnior
Laboratory of Comparative Neurophysiology and Neuroanatomy, Department of Physiology, School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP 14049 900, Brazil
Physiol Behav 105:784-90. 2012..In addition, fluoxetine treatment caused an anxiolytic-like effect following CAS exposure. Thus, the alarm reaction in piauçu can be a useful model for neuroethological and pharmacological studies of anxiety-related states...
- The aerodynamic signature of running spidersJerome Casas
University of Tours, Institut de Recherches sur la Biologie de l Insecte, UMR CNRS 6035, 37200 Tours, France
PLoS ONE 3:e2116. 2008..These findings may be relevant to the large and diverse array of arthropod prey-predator interactions in leaf litter...
- Danger detection and escape behaviour in wood cricketsFabienne Dupuy
Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l Insecte, UMR 6035 CNRS Université François Rabelais, av Monge, Parc Grandmont, 37200 Tours, France
J Insect Physiol 57:865-71. 2011..Nevertheless, neither antennae nor eyes seem to be used for detecting approaching objects, as their inactivation did not reduce their detection and escape abilities in the presence of cerci...
- Molt-related and size-dependent differences in the escape response and post-threat behavior of the American lobster, Homarus americanusS I Cromarty
Biological Sciences Department, University of Rhode Island, Kingston 02881, USA
Biol Bull 199:265-77. 2000....
- The Mauthner cell half a century later: a neurobiological model for decision-making?Henri Korn
Laboratoire Recepteurs et Cognition, CNRS, URA 2182, Institut Pasteur, 25, rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France
Neuron 47:13-28. 2005..The M cell sets the behavioral threshold, and, acting in concert with other elements of the brainstem escape network, determines when, where, and how the escape is executed...
- In vivo imaging of zebrafish reveals differences in the spinal networks for escape and swimming movementsD A Ritter
Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794-5230, USA
J Neurosci 21:8956-65. 2001..The observations lead to predictions of different behavioral roles for particular classes of spinal interneurons that can eventually be tested directly in zebrafish by using laser ablations or mutant lines with interneuronal deficits...
- Role of an identified looming-sensitive neuron in triggering a flying locust's escapeRoger D Santer
School of Biology and Psychology, Ridley Building, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, United Kingdom
J Neurophysiol 95:3391-400. 2006..This means that the locust's escape behavior can vary in response to the same looming stimulus, meaning that a predator cannot exploit predictability in the locust's collision avoidance behavior...
- Neuroanatomy of anxietyNewton Sabino Canteras
Department of Anatomy, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
Curr Top Behav Neurosci 2:77-96. 2010..In addition, recent neuroimaging studies also suggest dysfunctions in these systems are probably related to anxiety disorders in humans...
- Role of nitric oxide in brain regions related to defensive reactionsF S Guimaraes
Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, FMRP, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP 14049 900, Brazil
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 29:1313-22. 2005..These results suggest a modulatory role for NO on brain areas related to defensive reactions, probably by interacting with glutamate, serotonin and/or GABA-mediated neurotransmission...
- Dorsal raphe nucleus regulation of a panic-like defensive behavior evoked by chemical stimulation of the rat dorsal periaqueductal gray matterTatiana Longo Borges Miguel
Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Av Bandeirantes 3900, Ribeirao Preto, CEP, Brazil
Behav Brain Res 213:195-200. 2010..However, both compounds fully blocked the escape reaction generated by intra-DPAG injection of the excitatory amino acid d,l-homocysteic acid (DLH)...
- Exploitation of an ancient escape circuit by an avian predator: relationships between taxon-specific prey escape circuits and the sensitivity to visual cues from the predatorP G Jabłoński
ARL Division Neurobiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, USA
Brain Behav Evol 58:218-40. 2001..The present results suggest that these several properties of escape pathways have contributed to the evolution of foraging displays and plumage patterns in flush-pursuing birds...
- Increased plasma corticosterone levels after periaqueductal gray stimulation-induced escape reaction or panic attacks in ratsLee Wei Lim
Department of Neuroscience, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
Behav Brain Res 218:301-7. 2011..In conclusion, the present study clearly demonstrated that PA or escape response activates the HPA axis and it remains difficult to anticipate the mechanism underlying HPA axis during PAs and its relationship with 5-HT drugs...
- NOC-9, a selective nitric oxide donor, induces flight reactions in the dorsolateral periaqueductal gray of rats by activating soluble guanylate cyclaseAndréa Arantes Braga
Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Av Bandeirantes 3900, Ribeirao Preto, SP 14049900, Brazil
Neurosci Lett 459:79-83. 2009..Moreover, they also indicate that these defensive responses depend on activation of local sGC. The data strengthen the proposal that NO can modulate defensive reactions in the dlPAG...
- Neural representation of object approach in a decision-making motor circuitThomas Preuss
Department of Neuroscience, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
J Neurosci 26:3454-64. 2006....
- Relationship between the phases of sensory and motor activity during a looming-evoked multistage escape behaviorHaleh Fotowat
Department of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
J Neurosci 27:10047-59. 2007..Our results therefore suggest that distinct phases of the firing patterns of individual sensory neurons may actively contribute to distinct phases of complex, multistage motor behaviors...
- From threat to fear: the neural organization of defensive fear systems in humansDean Mobbs
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, London WC1 3BG, United Kingdom
J Neurosci 29:12236-43. 2009....
- Collision detection as a model for sensory-motor integrationHaleh Fotowat
Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 1B1, Canada
Annu Rev Neurosci 34:1-19. 2011..A combination of behavioral and in vivo electrophysiological experiments has unraveled many of the cellular and network mechanisms underlying this behavior...
- Escape behavior and neuronal responses to looming stimuli in the crab Chasmagnathus granulatus (Decapoda: Grapsidae)Damian Oliva
Laboratorio de Neurobiologia de la Memoria, Depto Fisiologia, Biologia Molecular y Celular, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, IFIBYNE CONICET, Buenos Aires 1428, Argentina
J Exp Biol 210:865-80. 2007..Thereafter, the neurons abruptly stop firing and the animal immediately decelerates its run. The results are discussed in connection with studies of responses to looming stimuli in the locust...
- The predictive start of hunting archer fish: a flexible and precise motor pattern performed with the kinematics of an escape C-startSaskia Wöhl
Universitat Erlangen Nurnberg, Institut für Zoologie II, Staudtstrasse 5, D 91058 Erlangen, Germany
J Exp Biol 210:311-24. 2007..How the network drives such a rather complex behavior without compromising speed is a wide open question...
- Escape behavior and escape circuit activation in juvenile crayfish during prey-predator interactionsJens Herberholz
Department of Biology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
J Exp Biol 207:1855-63. 2004..Overall, tail flipping was found to be a successful behavior in preventing predation, and only a small percentage of crayfish were killed and consumed...
- Effects of direct periaqueductal grey administration of a cannabinoid receptor agonist on nociceptive and aversive responses in ratsD P Finn
Institute of Neuroscience, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
Neuropharmacology 45:594-604. 2003..Mechanisms mediating the anti-aversive effects of cannabinoids in the PAG remain to be elucidated. These data implicate a role for the PAG in both cannabinoid-mediated anti-nociceptive and anti-aversive responses...
- When fear is near: threat imminence elicits prefrontal-periaqueductal gray shifts in humansDean Mobbs
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Functional Imaging Laboratory, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Science 317:1079-83. 2007..Our findings cast light on the neural dynamics of threat anticipation and have implications for the neurobiology of human anxiety-related disorders...
- Input and output characteristics of collision avoidance behavior in the frog Rana catesbeianaKeisuke Yamamoto
Department of Brain Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Life Science and Systems Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 808 0196, Japan
Brain Behav Evol 62:201-11. 2003..07, F(2,14) = 0.46 and F(2,14) = 0.70, respectively; at 4 m/s, F(2,15) = 0.50, F(2,14) = 0.68 and F(2,14) = 0.41, respectively, p > 0.05). Thus, frog collision avoidance behavior seems to have an all or none-like property...
- Escapes with and without preparation: the neuroethology of visual startle in locustsPeter J Simmons
Institute of Neuroscience and School of Biology, Ridley Building, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK
J Insect Physiol 56:876-83. 2010....
- Involvement of 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 receptors of the dorsal periaqueductal gray in the regulation of the defensive behaviors generated by the elevated T-mazeVanessa de Paula Soares
a Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, 14049 900 Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil
Brain Res Bull 64:181-8. 2004..Both 5-HT1A, 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors seem to mediate the inhibitory action of serotonin on escape...
- Step response analysis of thermotaxis in Caenorhabditis elegansHatim A Zariwala
Graduate Program in Neurobiology and Behavior, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA
J Neurosci 23:4369-77. 2003..Our results suggest that sensory systems for thermotaxis and chemotaxis may converge on a common behavioral mechanism...
- High-frequency stimulation of the dorsolateral periaqueductal gray and ventromedial hypothalamus fails to inhibit panic-like behaviourLee Wei Lim
Department of Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Behav Brain Res 193:197-203. 2008..The neuronal activation pattern resulting from dlPAG and VMH DBS was similar. These findings suggest that DBS of the dlPAG and VMH induces panic-related behaviours even at higher frequencies...
- Involvement of hippocampal nitric oxide in spatial learning in the ratNahid Majlessi
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Pasteur Ave, Tehran 1316943551, Iran
Neurobiol Learn Mem 90:413-9. 2008..2 microg, increased heading angle (p<0.01) with no effect on other parameters. On the basis of the present data, it is concluded that processes mediated by NO synthesis in the hippocampus are essentially involved in spatial learning...
- The chemical defense ecology of marine unicellular plankton: constraints, mechanisms, and impactsG V Wolfe
Shannon Pt Marine Center, Western Washington University, Anacortes 98221, USA
Biol Bull 198:225-44. 2000..Although the exploration of chemical interactions among planktonic microbes is in its infancy, ecological models from macroorganisms provide useful hints of the complexity likely to be found...
- A multi-stage anti-predator response increases information on predation riskJan M Hemmi
ARC Centre of Excellence in Vision Science and Centre for Visual Sciences, Evolution, Ecology and Genetics, Research School of Biology, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
J Exp Biol 213:1484-9. 2010..By concentrating on sensory limitations, we can quantify such information deficits and investigate how improving risk assessment helps prey optimise the balance between predation risk and escape costs...
- Local inhibition of hippocampal nitric oxide synthase does not impair place learning in the Morris water escape task in ratsA Blokland
Faculty of Psychology, European Graduate School of Neuroscience EURON Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
Eur J Neurosci 11:223-32. 1999..On the basis of the present data it was concluded that hippocampal NO is not critically involved in place learning in rats...
- Parasitoid wasp uses a venom cocktail injected into the brain to manipulate the behavior and metabolism of its cockroach preyRam Gal
Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Beer Sheva, Israel
Arch Insect Biochem Physiol 60:198-208. 2005..The alteration in the octopaminergic neurons' activity could be one of the mechanisms by which the venom modulates the escape circuit in the cockroach's central nervous system and metabolism in the peripheral system...
- Wind generated by an attacking bat: anemometric measurements and detection by the praying mantis cercal systemJeffrey D Triblehorn
Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, 20742, USA
J Exp Biol 209:1430-40. 2006..Although it probably would not have time for a full response that completely evades the bat, even a partial response might alter the mantid's trajectory enough to cause the bat to mishandle the insect, allowing it to escape...
- Descending influences on escape behavior and motor pattern in the cockroachP L Schaefer
Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-7080, USA
J Neurobiol 49:9-28. 2001..Because of the rapidity of the escape response, such effects are likely due to the elimination of tonic descending inputs...
- Giant fiber activation of an intrinsic muscle in the mesothoracic leg of Drosophila melanogasterJ R Trimarchi
Section of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 2702
J Exp Biol 177:149-67. 1993..To investigate possible presynaptic inputs activating the TLMn during the escape response, we analyzed the muscle responses of two mutants, giant fiber A1 and bendless. Our analysis suggests that the TLMn is activated by a novel pathway...
- The effects of forced exercise on hippocampal plasticity in the rat: A comparison of LTP, spatial- and non-spatial learningRobert Ohle
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland
Behav Brain Res 176:362-6. 2007..Spatial learning in the Morris watermaze was unaffected by exercise. These changes were associated with an increase in expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the dentate gyrus...
- Insulin protects against stress-induced impairments in water maze performanceM Moosavi
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Behav Brain Res 176:230-6. 2007..Insulin alone daily injection had no effect on water maze performance. These results suggest that spatial learning and memory is compromised during chronic stress and insulin may protect against this effect...
- The stress experience dependent long-term depression disassociated with stress effect on spatial memory taskWenyong Xiong
Laboratory of Learning and Memory, Kunming Institute of Zoology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, Yunnan, China
Neurosci Res 46:415-21. 2003..Our results showed that SLTD was disassociated with the effect of stress on memory task but might be related to stress experience-dependent form of aberrant memory...
- MHC-congenic mice (C57BL/6J and B6-H-2K) show differences in speed but not accuracy in learning the Hebb-Williams MazeLianne Stanford
Department of Psychology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
Behav Brain Res 144:187-97. 2003..These results indicate that these two strains show differences in performance in the Hebb-Williams Maze, but do not differ in cognitive ability...
- The influence of landmark salience in a navigation task: an additive effect between its componentsV D Chamizo
Departament de Psicologia Basica, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 32:339-44. 2006..The results of Experiment 2 suggested that the different distances from the goal of the 2 landmarks might not be sufficient to explain the previous results...
- Altered depression-related behaviors and functional changes in the dorsal raphe nucleus of serotonin transporter-deficient miceAlena Lira
Division of Developmental Psychobiology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
Biol Psychiatry 54:960-71. 2003..Using mice lacking the SERT (SERT KO), we examined the role of SERT function in anxiety- and depression-related behaviors and serotonergic neuron function...
- Spatial learning in male mice with different levels of aggressiveness: effects of housing conditions and nicotine administrationI Moragrega
Area de Psicobiologia, Facultad de Psicologia, Universitat de Valencia, Blasco Ibañez, 21, Valencia 46010, Spain
Behav Brain Res 147:1-8. 2003....
- Infusions of midazolam into the medial prefrontal cortex produce anxiolytic effects in the elevated plus-maze and shock-probe burying testsAkeel A Shah
Department of Psychology, University of Alberta, P217 Biological Sciences Building, T6G 2E9, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Brain Res 996:31-40. 2004..Furthermore, these anxiolytic effects were found in both the dorsal and ventral regions of the MPFC. The present findings indicate that the benzodiazepine receptors of the MPFC are capable of modulating fear-related behaviors...
- Analysis of the role of the 5-HT1B receptor in spatial and aversive learning in the ratMaria Ahlander-Lüttgen
Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Neuropsychopharmacology 28:1642-55. 2003..These results suggest that 5-HT1B receptor antagonists may have a potential in the treatment of cognitive deficits resulting from loss of cholinergic transmission...
- Behavioral alterations induced by HgCl2 depend on the postnatal period of exposureNilce C Peixoto
Programa de Pos Graduacao em Bioquimica Toxicologica, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97105 900 Santa Maria, RS, Brazil
Int J Dev Neurosci 25:39-46. 2007..In short, the first days of postnatal life (1st phase) appeared to be more sensitive to mercury exposure than the other phases studied, since they presented behavioral deficits even at a time period somewhat after the exposure...
- Activation of post-synaptic 5-HT(1A) receptors in the dorsal hippocampus prevents learned helplessness developmentSâmia Regiane Lourenço Joca
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Av Bandeirantes 3900, 14049 900, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil
Brain Res 978:177-84. 2003..These data suggest that facilitation of serotonergic neurotransmission in the dorsal hippocampus mediates adaptation to severe inescapable stress, probably through the activation of post-synaptic 5-HT(1A) receptors...
- Different vulnerability in female's spatial behaviour after unilateral hippocampal inactivationJose Manuel Cimadevilla
Department of Neuroscience, University of Almeria, Carretera de Sacramento s n, 04120 Almeria, Spain
Neurosci Lett 439:89-93. 2008..This data points to a different role of the hippocampus or a different distribution of memories in both sexes...
- Effects of bilateral vestibular deafferentation on anxiety-related behaviours in Wistar ratsYiwen Zheng
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
Behav Brain Res 193:55-62. 2008..These results suggest that BVD causes changes in the performance of rats in the EPM and ETM that might reflect emotional changes, or could be due to the cognitive impairment and hyperactivity caused by BVD...
- Integrating the open field, elevated plus maze and light/dark box to assess different types of emotional behaviors in one single trialAndre Ramos
Laboratório de Genética do Comportamento, Departamento de Biologia Celular, Embriologia e Genetica, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 88 040 900 Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
Behav Brain Res 193:277-88. 2008..Together, these results suggest that the new integrated apparatus may contribute to the study of anxiety, by providing a rapid, comprehensive and reliable method of assessing emotionality-related behaviors and its underlying components...
- Effects of BNST lesions in female rats on forced swimming and navigational learningPinar Pezuk
Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4328, USA
Brain Res 1228:199-207. 2008....
- Morphine withdrawal affects both delayed-escape behaviour in Morris water maze and hippocampal NR2A/2B expression ratioZhifang Dong
Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms, Kunming Institute of Zoology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, PR China
Brain Res 1207:164-73. 2008..These findings suggest that delayed-escape behaviour enabled by repeated low-dose morphine treatment may be a useful and simple rat model for studying addictive memories to be retrieved by stress exposure...
- Nitric oxide involvement and neural substrates of the conditioned and innate fear as evaluated in the T-maze test in ratsA V Calixto
Department of Pharmacology, CCB, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil
Behav Brain Res 189:341-9. 2008..These results are compatible with the proposal that NO exerts a positive modulatory role on defensive reactions in rats, exerting among them an anxiogenic-like effect as evaluated in rats submitted to ETM...
- Cognitive performance of healthy young rats following chronic donepezil administrationDebora Cutuli
IRCCS Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 197:661-73. 2008..However, few studies have analyzed the effects of chronic donepezil treatment on the cognitive functions of intact animals...
- The effects of overtraining in the Morris water maze on allocentric and egocentric learning strategies in ratsJohn Kealy
Department of Psychology, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Co Kildare, Ireland
Behav Brain Res 192:259-63. 2008..Further, with overtraining animals do not always switch from allocentric to an egocentric learning strategy perhaps challenging suggestions of a stored hierarchy of strategies...
- Dorsal hippocampal kindling produces a selective and enduring disruption of hippocampally mediated behaviorD K Hannesson
Departments of Psychology and Psychiatry, Neuropsychiatric Research Unit, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 5E4
J Neurosci 21:4443-50. 2001..This preparation may be useful for studying the mechanisms of mnemonic dysfunction associated with temporal lobe epilepsy and may offer unique insights into the mechanisms underlying normal hippocampal function...
- Ethopharmacological analysis of the unstable elevated exposed plus maze, a novel model of extreme anxiety: predictive validity and sensitivity to anxiogenic agentsNicholas Jones
Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, WC1E 6BT, UK
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 161:314-23. 2002..The sensitivity of the UEEPM to two further putative anxiogenic agents, the benzodiazepine partial inverse agonist FG 7142 and pentylenetetrazole (PTZ), was also assessed...
- 5-HT2C receptor mediation of unconditioned escape behaviour in the unstable elevated exposed plus mazeNicholas Jones
Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 164:214-20. 2002..This study aimed to examine the involvement of the 5-HT2C receptor in the unconditioned fear responses observed in the UEEPM (after an acute dose of mCPP) by pre-treatment with the selective 5-HT2C receptor antagonist SB-242084...
- AMYGDALOID FUNCTION IN FEAR CONDITIONINGStephen Maren; Fiscal Year: 2009..The outcome of these experiments will have an important impact on current conceptions of both amygdaloid function and on clinical disorders of fear that depend on emotional learning and memory. ..
- Volatile Anesthetic Action in Vertebrate Locomotor SystemsSteven L Jinks; Fiscal Year: 2010..Results from these projects will increase our understanding of how and where anesthetics act in the nervous system, contributing to the development of safer anesthetics and clinical practices. ..
- PPM-PREP: Peer-Mentored Preparedness for Adults with Developmental DisabilitiesDAVID PAUL EISENMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..Lessons learned will lend support for rigorously testing this intervention in broader samples. ..
- Viral Encephalitis, Chemokines and SleepLARRY D contact SANFORD; Fiscal Year: 2010..Such understanding may provide insight that could lead to improved therapies and improved prognosis for infectious diseases. ..
- Fear memory formation in early lifeChristoph Wiedenmayer; Fiscal Year: 2007..A better understanding of fear memory formation in early development is the critical first step in building a translational model of childhood trauma. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ESCAPE BEHAVIOR--INTEGRATION AND PLASTICITYFRANKLIN KRASNE; Fiscal Year: 2005..and electrophysiological methods, we study these processes in a relatively simple system, the lateral giant escape reaction circuit of crayfish, which is subject to a variety of forms of modulation and of simple learning...
- ALTERING BEHAVIORAL RISK FOR DRUG DEPENDENCEDON CHEREK; Fiscal Year: 2001..Pharmacological effects of these therapeutics drugs on such behavior in a high risk population may provide information relating to alternative strategies in dealing with drug dependence. ..
- BEHAVIORAL MECHANISM IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONSDON CHEREK; Fiscal Year: 2001..Demonstrating such fundamental differences may lead to different approaches in attempts to modify antisocial behavior among high risk populations with such behavioral tendencies. ..
- JWatcher-event recorder and behavioral analysis programDANIEL BLUMSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2004..While we will continue to freely-distribute the software, on-going support and routine updates will be supported by the sales of a detailed users manual, which will include laboratory exercises suitable for teaching. ..
- DEVELOPMENTAL EFFECTS OF METHAMPHETAMINE-LIKE STIMULANTSCharles Vorhees; Fiscal Year: 2009..The number of prenatally MA exposed children continues to grow. Our goal is to develop models of early MA exposure that permit an understanding of the long-term consequences on brain development and cognition. ..
- Effects of Neonatal MDMA on Brain and BehaviorCharles V Vorhees; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Olfactory Development: Cell Proliferation and MaturationCHARLES DERBY; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- DEVELOPMENTAL EFFECTS OF METHLENEDIOXYMETHAMPHETAMINECharles Vorhees; Fiscal Year: 2002..Such data will help identify risks associated with the prenatal use of MDMA on brain and cognitive development. ..
- Antidepressant Effect on Hippocampal SynaptogenesisTibor Hajszan; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ONTOGENY OF STRESS: MOLECULAR AND NEURAL MECHANISMSChristoph Wiedenmayer; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- 5-HT Modulation of Predator-induced Anxiety in RatsRUTH GRAHN; Fiscal Year: 2004..Future studies will build on the goals of the present research by exploring how anxious behavior can be prevented. ..
- Central control of rhythmic movement in a vertebrateMelina Hale; Fiscal Year: 2006..Such work is critical for understanding the neural basis of movement disruption through injury and disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Contribution of the PAG to morphine toleranceMichael Morgan; Fiscal Year: 2002..In the long term, such knowledge should improve the treatment of pain by allowing therapies that disrupt tolerance to be developed. ..
- TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR GENES,NEURONAL PLASTICITY AND AGINGCarol Barnes; Fiscal Year: 2006..The strength of this interaction is the ability to combine and apply the most powerful available methods to test the hypothesis under study, which could not be accomplished in either laboratory in isolation. ..
- Associatively-activated event representationsPeter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2006..The proposed research provides a basis for the understanding of basic processing of imaginal events in associative learning. ..
- NeuronBank: A Database for Identified Neurons and Synaptic ConnectionsPaul Katz; Fiscal Year: 2007..It is likely to have a high impact on future neuroscience research as it implements a unique neuroinformatics approach to neuron identification and neural circuit analysis. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Human Laboratory Model of Cocaine Treatment: Behavioral Economic AnalysisMark K Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- New Directions in Migration ModelingJoshua Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2008..Agent-based Modeling of migration may assist in this task, and potentially provide public policy leaders an important tool to analyze and possibly test public policy interventions. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Regulation and function of cGMP in the nervous systemDavid B Morton; Fiscal Year: 2011..Viagra and other pharmacological treatments for erectile disfunction are probably just the tip of the iceberg for compounds that target cGMP mediated processes. ..
- Neonatal Ethanol-Induced Memory Impairments in RatsPamela Hunt; Fiscal Year: 2009..The potential for amelioration of these cognitive deficits using both behavioral and pharmacological strategies will provide important information regarding treatment approaches for afflicted individuals. ..
- NOCICEPTIVE MEMORY: MECHANISMS OF HYPEREXCITABILITYEDGAR WALTERS; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Ethanol effects on behavior: genes and environmentDouglas Wahlsten; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Noninvasive monitoring of physiological parameters in miceLARRY SANFORD; Fiscal Year: 2008..The proposed applications have particular significance for studies of behavior and sleep. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Validating microRNA Analysis in Human Postmortem BrainYogesh Dwivedi; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Ca and Na Transport in Heart FailureDonald Bers; Fiscal Year: 2008..This should help in developing new therapeutic targets and strategies for the treatment of human HF. ..
- Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors in Neuropathic PainMichelle Vincler; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results of these studies will further define spinal nicotinic anatomy and functioning in the nerve-injured animal thereby, providing unique potential targets for the pharmacological treatment of neuropathic pain. ..
- Affective biasing of attentional processing and controlJEFFREY MAXWELL; Fiscal Year: 2006..Specifically, this research proposes to examine mechanisms of voluntary inhibition and selective attention under different conditions of emotional arousal, manipulated by incidental variations in threat-evoked anxiety. ..
- Estrogen and Cognition Following IschemiaNOAH SANDSTROM; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- CA REGULATION IN INTACT VENTRICULAR MYOCYTESDonald Bers; Fiscal Year: 2004..Local calcium transients (calcium sparks and sarcolemmal calcium transients) will be visualized as fluo-3 fluorescence with laser scanning confocal microscopy. ..
- POSTRECEPTOR DYSREGULATION IN DEPRESSIONYogesh Dwivedi; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- The influence of social context on early aggressionJennifer McComas; Fiscal Year: 2004..Longitudinal studies are needed to determine how early patterns of high-rate aggression in preschool classrooms is influenced by social context. ..
- SOCIAL LEARNING AND ALCOHOL INTAKE IN ADOLESCENT RATSPamela Hunt; Fiscal Year: 2004..The end result of this work will be an increased understanding of the neurochemical and behavioral factors underlying social acquisition of ethanol preferences. ..
- SYNAPTIC INTEGRATION AND PLASTICITY IN COMMAND NEURONSDonald Edwards; Fiscal Year: 2005..This will be studied with standard electrophyiological techniques. ..
- PHYLOGENY AND ONTOGENY OF AN AUDITORY SYSTEMDAVID YAGER; Fiscal Year: 2004..This line of research will lead to a clearer understanding of the neural and non-neural characteristics that define a hot spot for auditory system evolution. ..
- Role of amygdala systems in associative learningPeter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- NEUROBIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF ALTERED MOTOR CONTROL IN REMLARRY SANFORD; Fiscal Year: 2001..These studies may lead to a better understanding of disorders of REM, such as REM behavior disorder, which, like REM-A, is characterized by overt behavior during sleep. ..
- Anatomical Plasticity and HPA Axis DysfunctionJames Herman; Fiscal Year: 2009..Overall, this project will provide critical new information on hypothalamic mechanisms mediating neuroendocrine dysfunction in affective disease states. ..
- Supraspinal Processing of Pain AffectPERRY FUCHS; Fiscal Year: 2003..Once established, the overall goal of exploring the limbic system neural circuit related to the selection of competing motivational drives can then be explored. ..
- EXPERIENCE AND DECISION-MAKING IN A REAL NEURAL NETWORKWilliam Frost; Fiscal Year: 2003..Each aim will employ the combined methodologies of electrophysiology and realistic computer simulations. ..
- Exercise and the Aged Brain: Neurotrophins and StressDavid Albeck; Fiscal Year: 2002..Possible disorders include Parkinson's disease and depression. This project will establish a new and productive research program that will provide increased research opportunities for UCD students. ..
- Reducing Cocaine/Heroin Abuse with SR-Amphetamine and BuprenorphineMark Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2009..The innovative aims, rigorous methods and clinical/public health significance of this project (i.e. whether SR-AMP has potential efficacy for reducing cocaine use) is highly concordant with this RFA. ..
- Mathematical Development in Learning Diasbled ChildrenDAVID GEARY; Fiscal Year: 2003..g., working memory) that underlie MD children's developmental delays and deficits in these competencies. ..
- Tailored Intervention for Melanoma Patients' FamiliesSharon Manne; Fiscal Year: 2008..396 family members will complete the study. Outcomes will be evaluated in terms of TCE, SSE and sun protection habits, as well as changes in attitudes and knowledge about CMM [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- SECRETIONS OF ARTHROPODSThomas Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2008..Insects are major vectors of disease. An understanding of how insects depend on natural products for regulation of their biotic interactions is of broad applied significance to both medicine and agriculture. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Cognitive control deficits in alcoholism riskJohn J Curtin; Fiscal Year: 2010..This will allow mediation tests to determine if predicted alcohol challenge and family history of alcoholism effects on behavior and emotion regulation are the result of impaired attention function. ..
- CELL ASSEMBLIES, PATTERN COMPLETION AND THE AGING BRAINCarol Barnes; Fiscal Year: 2003..NMDA receptor antagonists are expected to prevent experience-dependent place field changes in the young rats, and AMPA current enhancers are expected to ameliorate place field properties in the old rats. ..
- Signal Transduction Mechanisms in Suicide BrainYogesh Dwivedi; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Glucocorticoid Receptor Mechanisms, Stress and AgingJames Herman; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Genetic Mapping of Functional Neural Networks & CircuitsCarol Barnes; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Amygdala, CREB, and Neuropathic Pain FacilitationJENNIFER PETTA; Fiscal Year: 2007..Thus, the experiments in the current proposal investigating the role of the amygdala in chronic pain are timely and may lead to more effective drug targets. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- INTRISIC NEUROMODULATION OF A SMALL NEURONAL NETWORKPaul Katz; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Biomechanics and the lamprey central pattern generatorERIC TYTELL; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- BOLD fMRI in MR research to map learning historiesMICHAEL SCHLUND; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- EFFECTS OF EXCITOTOXIC INJURY ON SPINAL SENSORY PATHWAYSRobert Yezierski; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- MINORITY PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAMMichael Baratta; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Determinants of Reward ValueREBECCA SINGER; Fiscal Year: 2007..This model is also used to study risk-taking and gambling behavior. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Approach and Avoidance Motivation and Risky BehaviorAmy Strachman; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Social Anxiety Disorder and Emotion RegulationTODD KASHDAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..Findings could ultimately lead to the development of more effective intervention efforts. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- QUALITY OF LIFE IN ADULT CANCER SURVIVORSCharles Carver; Fiscal Year: 2002..These people can continue providing important information about the experience of cancer survivorship and what qualities make the process easier or harder. ..
- AMYGDALOID FUNCTION IN FEAR CONDITIONINGStephen Maren; Fiscal Year: 2002..The outcome of these experiments will have an important impact on current conceptions of both amygdaloid function and emotional learning and memory. ..
- NEURAL SUBSTRATE OF OPIATE ANALGESIAHoward Fields; Fiscal Year: 2003..Hopefully, by increasing knowledge of what limits the efficacy of opioid analgesia, new pharmacological strategies can be devised to produce more potent and selective analgesics. ..
- Induction of Conditional Fear ExtinctionCHRISTOPHER CAIN; Fiscal Year: 2003..Since extinction serves as the explicit model for behavior therapy of anxiety disorders, the findings may provide a foundation for improved psyhotherapies and adjunctive treatments. ..