unemployment

Summary

Summary: The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.

Top Publications

  1. McLeod C, Lavis J, MacNab Y, Hertzman C. Unemployment and mortality: a comparative study of Germany and the United States. Am J Public Health. 2012;102:1542-50 pubmed publisher
    We examined the relationship between unemployment and mortality in Germany, a coordinated market economy, and the United States, a liberal market economy...
  2. Jandackova V, Paulik K, Steptoe A. The impact of unemployment on heart rate variability: the evidence from the Czech Republic. Biol Psychol. 2012;91:238-44 pubmed publisher
    We examined the relationship between unemployment and heart rate variability (HRV) in a region of high unemployment in the Czech Republic...
  3. Waenerlund A, Gustafsson P, Virtanen P, Hammarstrom A. Is the core-periphery labour market structure related to perceived health? findings of the Northern Swedish Cohort. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:956 pubmed publisher
    ..001). Adjustment for sociodemographics and psychological distress at baseline, as well as for unemployment and being out of the labour market at the follow-up, resulted in attenuation of the odds ratios, particularly ..
  4. Mustard C, Bielecky A, Etches J, Wilkins R, Tjepkema M, Amick B, et al. Mortality following unemployment in Canada, 1991-2001. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:441 pubmed publisher
    This study describes the association between unemployment and cause-specific mortality for a cohort of working-age Canadians...
  5. Gathergood J. An instrumental variable approach to unemployment, psychological health and social norm effects. Health Econ. 2013;22:643-54 pubmed publisher
    This empirical study presents estimates of the impact of unemployment on psychological health using U.K. household panel data. The causal impact of unemployment is established using instrumental variable methods...
  6. Dupre M, George L, Liu G, Peterson E. The cumulative effect of unemployment on risks for acute myocardial infarction. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172:1731-7 pubmed
    ..Little is known about the cumulative effect of multiple job losses and unemployment on the risks for acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
  7. Lundin A, Lundberg I, Allebeck P, Hemmingsson T. Unemployment and suicide in the Stockholm population: a register-based study on 771,068 men and women. Public Health. 2012;126:371-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Some individuals may be more prone to both unemployment and suicide due to an underlying health-related factor...
  8. Pedersen J, Bjorner J, Burr H, Christensen K. Transitions between sickness absence, work, unemployment, and disability in Denmark 2004-2008. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2012;38:516-26 pubmed publisher
    ..the use of multi-state models for studying multiple transitions between sick-listing, work, unemployment, and disability pension by analyzing longitudinal register data...
  9. Helgesson M, Johansson B, Nordqvist T, Lundberg I, Vingard E. Unemployment at a young age and later sickness absence, disability pension and death in native Swedes and immigrants. Eur J Public Health. 2013;23:606-10 pubmed publisher
    Youth unemployment is an increasing problem for societies around the world...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Hultin H, Lindholm C, Malfert M, Moller J. Short-term sick leave and future risk of sickness absence and unemployment - the impact of health status. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:861 pubmed publisher
    In previous studies the authors have found sick leave to be a predictor of future sick leave, unemployment and disability pension...
  2. Virtanen P, Janlert U, Hammarstrom A. Health status and health behaviour as predictors of the occurrence of unemployment and prolonged unemployment. Public Health. 2013;127:46-52 pubmed publisher
    Earlier research on health-related selection into unemployment has been based on relatively severe health problems, leaves questions unanswered about particular problems, follow-up times have been short and the measurement of unemployment ..
  3. Støver M, Pape K, Johnsen R, Fleten N, Sund E, Claussen B, et al. Unemployment and disability pension--an 18-year follow-up study of a 40-year-old population in a Norwegian county. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:148 pubmed publisher
    This study explored the association of unemployment and an increased risk of receiving disability pension, and the possibility that this risk is attributed to municipality-specific characteristics...
  4. Milner A, Page A, LaMontagne A. Long-term unemployment and suicide: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e51333 pubmed publisher
    There have been a number of reviews on the association+ between unemployment and suicide, but none have investigated how this relationship is influenced by duration of unemployment...
  5. Reine I, Novo M, Hammarstrom A. Unemployment and ill health--a gender analysis: results from a 14-year follow-up of the Northern Swedish Cohort. Public Health. 2013;127:214-22 pubmed publisher
    To analyse the associations between unemployment and suboptimal self-rated health as well as high alcohol consumption, and to examine the role of possible mediating factors explaining the associations from a gender perspective...
  6. Page A, Milner A, Morrell S, Taylor R. The role of under-employment and unemployment in recent birth cohort effects in Australian suicide. Soc Sci Med. 2013;93:155-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Under-employment rates (those employed part-time seeking additional hours of work) and unemployment rates (those currently seeking employment) for the latter part of this time series (1978-2010) were also ..
  7. Hollander A, Bruce D, Ekberg J, Burstrom B, Ekblad S. Hospitalisation for depressive disorder following unemployment--differentials by gender and immigrant status: a population-based cohort study in Sweden. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013;67:875-81 pubmed publisher
    The association between unemployment and poor mental health in general is explained by both causation and selection...
  8. Strober L, Christodoulou C, Benedict R, Westervelt H, Melville P, Scherl W, et al. Unemployment in multiple sclerosis: the contribution of personality and disease. Mult Scler. 2012;18:647-53 pubmed publisher
    ..One of the most devastating consequences of MS in this relatively young population group is unemployment. Although certain demographic and disease factors have been associated with employment, few studies have ..
  9. Chang S, Stuckler D, Yip P, Gunnell D. Impact of 2008 global economic crisis on suicide: time trend study in 54 countries. BMJ. 2013;347:f5239 pubmed publisher
    ..2%). Rises in national suicide rates in men seemed to be associated with the magnitude of increases in unemployment, particularly in countries with low levels of unemployment before the crisis (Spearman's rs=0.48)...
  10. Garcy A, Vågerö D. The length of unemployment predicts mortality, differently in men and women, and by cause of death: a six year mortality follow-up of the Swedish 1992-1996 recession. Soc Sci Med. 2012;74:1911-20 pubmed publisher
    This study examines the relationship between the total amount of accumulated unemployment during the deep Swedish recession of 1992-1996 and mortality in the following 6 years. Nearly 3...
  11. Kaplan G. Economic crises: some thoughts on why, when and where they (might) matter for health--a tale of three countries. Soc Sci Med. 2012;74:643-6 pubmed publisher
  12. Chen L, Li W, He J, Wu L, Yan Z, Tang W. Mental health, duration of unemployment, and coping strategy: a cross-sectional study of unemployed migrant workers in eastern China during the economic crisis. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:597 pubmed publisher
    20 million migrant workers in China lost their jobs during the economic crisis of 2008. Both urban migration and unemployment have long been documented to be associated with vulnerability to mental problems...
  13. Barr B, Taylor Robinson D, Scott Samuel A, McKee M, Stuckler D. Suicides associated with the 2008-10 economic recession in England: time trend analysis. BMJ. 2012;345:e5142 pubmed publisher
    ..Multivariate regression models quantified the association between changes in unemployment (based on claimant data) and suicides (based on data from the National Clinical Health Outcomes Database)...
  14. Boydell J, Bebbington P, Bhavsar V, Kravariti E, van Os J, Murray R, et al. Unemployment, ethnicity and psychosis. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2013;127:202-9 pubmed publisher
    This study describes the incidence of psychosis in unemployed people and determines whether unemployment has a greater impact on the development of psychosis amongst Black minority groups than White groups...
  15. Kerr J, Dattilo J, O Sullivan D. Use of recreation activities as positive coping with chronic stress and mental health outcomes associated with unemployment of people with disabilities. Work. 2012;43:279-92 pubmed
    This paper provides an outline of the complex relationship among stress, unemployment, mental health, and participation in recreation activities as a possible adaptive coping strategy for people with disabilities...
  16. Moller H, Haigh F, Harwood C, Kinsella T, Pope D. Rising unemployment and increasing spatial health inequalities in England: further extension of the North-South divide. J Public Health (Oxf). 2013;35:313-21 pubmed publisher
    b>Unemployment negatively affects health. In this study, we quantify the impact of current and rising levels of unemployment on limiting long-term illness (LLTI), mental health problems and mortality in North and South England...
  17. Flint E, Bartley M, Shelton N, Sacker A. Do labour market status transitions predict changes in psychological well-being?. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013;67:796-802 pubmed publisher
    ..and psychological well-being by investigating how transitions between secure employment, insecure employment, unemployment, permanent sickness and other economic inactivity predict changes in psychological well-being over a 16-year ..
  18. Hultin H, Lindholm C, Möller J. Is there an association between long-term sick leave and disability pension and unemployment beyond the effect of health status?--a cohort study. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e35614 pubmed publisher
    ..was to investigate whether there is an association between long-term sick leave and disability pension and unemployment, when taking health status into account...
  19. Janicki Deverts D, Cohen S, Matthews K, Cullen M. History of unemployment predicts future elevations in C-reactive protein among male participants in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Ann Behav Med. 2008;36:176-85 pubmed publisher
    b>Unemployment is associated with risk of future morbidity and premature mortality...
  20. Freidl W, Fazekas C, Raml R, Pretis M, Feistritzer G. Perceived social justice, long-term unemployment and health. A survey among marginalised groups in Austria. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2007;42:547-53 pubmed
    ..Long-term unemployment and the perception of social justice may both additionally endanger health...
  21. Butterworth P, Leach L, Pirkis J, Kelaher M. Poor mental health influences risk and duration of unemployment: a prospective study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2012;47:1013-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Much of the previous longitudinal and prospective research has focused on how unemployment adversely influences mental health, while the reverse causal direction has received much less attention...
  22. Inoue K, Tanii H, Kaiya H, Abe S, Nishimura Y, Masaki M, et al. The correlation between unemployment and suicide rates in Japan between 1978 and 2004. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2007;9:139-42 pubmed
    ..Moreover, the unemployment rate in Japan has increased rapidly since 1998...
  23. Liwowsky I, Kramer D, Mergl R, Bramesfeld A, Allgaier A, Poppel E, et al. Screening for depression in the older long-term unemployed. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2009;44:622-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the WHO-5 Well-Being Index was tested for its validity in unemployment offices...
  24. Stuckler D, Basu S, Suhrcke M, Coutts A, McKee M. The public health effect of economic crises and alternative policy responses in Europe: an empirical analysis. Lancet. 2009;374:315-23 pubmed publisher
    There is widespread concern that the present economic crisis, particularly its effect on unemployment, will adversely affect population health...
  25. Janlert U, Hammarstrom A. Which theory is best? Explanatory models of the relationship between unemployment and health. BMC Public Health. 2009;9:235 pubmed publisher
    A number of different models have been used in order to explain the links between unemployment and ill-health. The objective of this study was to test different proposed models in an empirical setting...
  26. Mossakowski K. The influence of past unemployment duration on symptoms of depression among young women and men in the United States. Am J Public Health. 2009;99:1826-32 pubmed publisher
    I examined whether unemployment while looking for a job and being out of the labor force while not seeking work have distinct effects on symptoms of depression among young women and men in the United States...
  27. Dewa C, McDaid D, Ettner S. An international perspective on worker mental health problems: who bears the burden and how are costs addressed?. Can J Psychiatry. 2007;52:346-56 pubmed
    ..Nevertheless, there is a role for all stakeholders, just as there are potential benefits for all. Along with government, employers, employees, and the health care system must invest in promoting good workplace health. ..
  28. Giatti L, Barreto S, Cesar C. Unemployment and self-rated health: neighborhood influence. Soc Sci Med. 2010;71:815-23 pubmed publisher
    ..It investigates whether unemployment and socioeconomic characteristics of the neighborhoods in which people live are associated with poor self-rated ..
  29. Bambra C, Popham F. Worklessness and regional differences in the social gradient in general health: Evidence from the 2001 English census. Health Place. 2010;16:1014-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Employment policy may therefore be one important approach to tackling spatial and socio-economic health inequalities. ..
  30. Roelfs D, Shor E, Davidson K, Schwartz J. Losing life and livelihood: a systematic review and meta-analysis of unemployment and all-cause mortality. Soc Sci Med. 2011;72:840-54 pubmed publisher
    b>Unemployment rates in the United States remain near a 25-year high and global unemployment is rising...
  31. Virtanen P, Janlert U, Hammarstrom A. Exposure to temporary employment and job insecurity: a longitudinal study of the health effects. Occup Environ Med. 2011;68:570-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Exposure to job insecurity was measured according to the perceived threat of unemployment. Health at follow-up was assessed as optimal versus suboptimal self-rated health, sleep quality and mental ..
  32. Jang S, Cho S, Chang J, Boo K, Shin H, Lee H, et al. Employment status and depressive symptoms in Koreans: results from a baseline survey of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2009;64:677-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Employment was associated with fewer depressive symptoms among middle-aged men but not among older men. Unemployment was associated with more depressive symptoms among middle-aged women but not among older women...
  33. Berger R, Fromkin J, Stutz H, Makoroff K, Scribano P, Feldman K, et al. Abusive head trauma during a time of increased unemployment: a multicenter analysis. Pediatrics. 2011;128:637-43 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the rate of abusive head trauma (AHT) in 3 regions of the United States before and during an economic recession and assess whether there is a relationship between the rate of AHT and county-level unemployment rates.
  34. Harris E, Harris M. Reducing the impact of unemployment on health: revisiting the agenda for primary health care. Med J Aust. 2009;191:119-22 pubmed
    ..People who are unemployed have poorer physical and mental health than those who are employed. Research should move from describing these health problems to developing interventions that are subject to rigorous evaluation. ..
  35. Shin S, Lim H, Park H, Park S, Kim H. The associations of parental under-education and unemployment on the risk of preterm birth: 2003 Korean National Birth Registration database. Int J Public Health. 2012;57:253-60 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aimed to investigate the associations of combined parental low educational level and combined parental unemployment on the risk of preterm birth (PTB) in Korea...
  36. Classen T, Dunn R. The effect of job loss and unemployment duration on suicide risk in the United States: a new look using mass-layoffs and unemployment duration. Health Econ. 2012;21:338-50 pubmed publisher
    ..and suicide risk using a panel of US states from 1996 to 2005 with monthly data on suicides, the duration of unemployment spells and the number of job losses associated with mass-layoff events...
  37. Green F. Unpacking the misery multiplier: how employability modifies the impacts of unemployment and job insecurity on life satisfaction and mental health. J Health Econ. 2011;30:265-76 pubmed publisher
    Employability strongly moderates the effects of unemployment and of job insecurity on life satisfaction and mental health...
  38. Yang A, Tsai S, Huang N. Decomposing the association of completed suicide with air pollution, weather, and unemployment data at different time scales. J Affect Disord. 2011;129:275-81 pubmed publisher
    ..This study comprehensively assesses the temporal relationship between suicide and air pollution, weather, and unemployment variables in Taipei City from January 1 1991 to December 31 2008...
  39. Woods S, Weber E, Weisz B, Twamley E, Grant I. Prospective memory deficits are associated with unemployment in persons living with HIV infection. Rehabil Psychol. 2011;56:77-84 pubmed publisher
    ..e., "remembering to remember") confer an increased risk of unemployment in individuals living with chronic HIV infection...
  40. Luo J, Qu Z, Rockett I, Zhang X. Employment status and self-rated health in north-western China. Public Health. 2010;124:174-9 pubmed publisher
    Despite a growing economy, unemployment remains a severe socio-economic problem in China...
  41. Vermeulen S, Anema J, Schellart A, van Mechelen W, van der Beek A. Cost-effectiveness of a participatory return-to-work intervention for temporary agency workers and unemployed workers sick-listed due to musculoskeletal disorders: design of a randomised controlled trial. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2010;11:60 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, reduction of sickness absence and work disability, i.e. a reduction of disability claims, may result in substantial benefits for the Dutch Social Security System. NTR1047. ..
  42. Lamberg T, Virtanen P, Vahtera J, Luukkaala T, Koskenvuo M. Unemployment, depressiveness and disability retirement: a follow-up study of the Finnish HeSSup population sample. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2010;45:259-64 pubmed publisher
    ..The rise of such retirement coincided with the rise of unemployment in the second half of the 1990s. In this study we sought potential connections between these two epidemics...
  43. Shah A, Bhandarkar R. Cross-national study of the correlation of general population suicide rates with unemployment rates. Psychol Rep. 2008;103:793-6 pubmed
    ..studies in at least seven countries have yielded significant positive correlations for suicide with unemployment, particularly for men of younger age groups...
  44. Lundin A, Lundberg I, Hallsten L, Ottosson J, Hemmingsson T. Unemployment and mortality--a longitudinal prospective study on selection and causation in 49321 Swedish middle-aged men. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2010;64:22-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Unemployment is associated with increased risk of mortality. It is, however, not clear to what extent this is causal, or whether other risk factors remain uncontrolled for...
  45. Egan M, Petticrew M, Ogilvie D, Hamilton V, Drever F. "Profits before people"? A systematic review of the health and safety impacts of privatising public utilities and industries in developed countries. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007;61:862-70 pubmed
    ..Some evidence suggests that adverse health outcomes could result from redundancies associated with privatisation. ..
  46. Schuring M, Burdorf A, Voorham A, Der Weduwe K, Mackenbach J. Effectiveness of a health promotion programme for long-term unemployed subjects with health problems: a randomised controlled trial. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009;63:893-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The lack of integration into regular vocational rehabilitation activities may have interfered with these findings. This particular health programme cannot be recommended for implementation. ..
  47. Koopmans P, Roelen C, Groothoff J. Frequent and long-term absence as a risk factor for work disability and job termination among employees in the private sector. Occup Environ Med. 2008;65:494-9 pubmed
    ..Prior frequent and/or long-term absentees show high work disability in a 4-year follow-up period. Moreover, they are at higher risk of (involuntary) job termination. ..
  48. Delpierre C, Cuzin L, Lauwers Cances V, Datta G, Berkman L, Lang T. Unemployment as a risk factor for AIDS and death for HIV-infected patients in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Sex Transm Infect. 2008;84:183-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Among patients diagnosed for HIV infection in the HAART era, poor social situation is an independent risk factor of mortality and morbidity, and is not explained by delayed access to diagnosis or treatment. ..
  49. Giatti L, Barreto S, César C. Household context and self-rated health: the effect of unemployment and informal work. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2008;62:1079-85 pubmed publisher
    ..was inversely associated with schooling and positively associated with female sex, older age, informal work, unemployment and not economically active...
  50. Quinn B, Catalano R, Felber E. The effect of community-level unemployment on preventive oral health care utilization. Health Serv Res. 2009;44:162-81 pubmed publisher
    To test the hypothesis that high community-level unemployment is associated with reduced use of preventive dental care services by a dentally insured population...
  51. Hintikka J, Lehto S, Niskanen L, Huotari A, Herzig K, Koivumaa Honkanen H, et al. Unemployment and ill health: a connection through inflammation?. BMC Public Health. 2009;9:410 pubmed publisher
    b>Unemployment is a source of acute and long-term psychosocial stress. Acute and chronic psychosocial stress can induce pronounced changes in human immune responses...
  52. Porthé V, Benavides F, Vázquez M, Ruiz Frutos C, Garcia A, Ahonen E, et al. [Precarious employment in undocumented immigrants in Spain and its relationship with health]. Gac Sanit. 2009;23 Suppl 1:107-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Precarious employment in this group can be defined as <extreme>, as it affects their working and social lives. If these workers continue to be exposed to such precarious conditions, the impact on their health may increase. ..
  53. Luo F, Florence C, Quispe Agnoli M, Ouyang L, Crosby A. Impact of business cycles on US suicide rates, 1928-2007. Am J Public Health. 2011;101:1139-46 pubmed publisher
    ..test associations between business cycles and suicide rates, and calculated correlations between the national unemployment rate and suicide rates...