naphthaleneacetic acids


Summary: Naphthalene derivatives containing the -CH2CCO2H radical at the 1-position, the 2-position, or both. Compounds are used as plant growth regulators to delay sprouting, exert weed control, thin fruit, etc.

Top Publications

  1. Oono Y, Ooura C, Rahman A, Aspuria E, Hayashi K, Tanaka A, et al. p-Chlorophenoxyisobutyric acid impairs auxin response in Arabidopsis root. Plant Physiol. 2003;133:1135-47 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that PCIB impairs auxin-signaling pathway by regulating Aux/IAA protein stability and thereby affects the auxin-regulated Arabidopsis root physiology. ..
  2. Ndong Y, Wadouachi A, Sangwan Norreel B, Sangwan R. Efficient in vitro regeneration of fertile plants from corm explants of Hypoxis hemerocallidea landrace Gaza -- the "African Potato". Plant Cell Rep. 2006;25:265-73 pubmed
    ..Efficient cloning protocols described here, have the potential not only to substantially reduce the pressure on natural populations but also for wider biotechnological applications of Hypoxis hemerocallidea-an endangered medicinal plant...
  3. Petrasek J, Mravec J, Bouchard R, Blakeslee J, Abas M, Seifertová D, et al. PIN proteins perform a rate-limiting function in cellular auxin efflux. Science. 2006;312:914-8 pubmed
    ..This suggests a direct involvement of PINs in catalyzing cellular auxin efflux...
  4. Guo B, Gao M, Liu C. In vitro propagation of an endangered medicinal plant Saussurea involucrata Kar. et Kir. Plant Cell Rep. 2007;26:261-5 pubmed
    ..The regeneration protocol developed in this study provides a basis for germplasm conservation and for further investigation of medicinally active constituents of the elite medicinal plant. ..
  5. Nespesná L, Sticha M, Matousková O, Perlík F, Slanar O. [Determination of nabumetone and 6-methoxy-2-naphthylacetic acid in plasma using HPLC with UV and MS detection]. Ceska Slov Farm. 2011;60:17-24 pubmed
    ..The respective values for 6-MNA were 87.8-107.4% and 86.3-106.4%. The method was subsequently applied to determine the pharmacokinetic parameters of nabumetone and 6-MNA in a group of 24 healthy volunteers. ..
  6. Stirnberg P, Liu J, Ward S, Kendall S, Leyser O. Mutation of the cytosolic ribosomal protein-encoding RPS10B gene affects shoot meristematic function in Arabidopsis. BMC Plant Biol. 2012;12:160 pubmed publisher
    ..Inability of other RPS10 gene family members to maintain fully S10e levels might cause the rps10b-1 phenotype, as we found no evidence for unique functional specialisation of either RPS10B promoter or RPS10B protein. ..
  7. Dalrymple B, Cybinski D, Layton I, McSweeney C, Xue G, Swadling Y, et al. Three Neocallimastix patriciarum esterases associated with the degradation of complex polysaccharides are members of a new family of hydrolases. Microbiology. 1997;143 ( Pt 8):2605-14 pubmed
    ..However, none of the other previously described enzymes with acetylxylan esterase activity are members of this family of hydrolases. ..
  8. Zhukovskiĭ I, Kuznetsova L, Sochilina E, Veksler K. [Use of 1- and 2-thionaphthylacetates as cholinesterase substrates]. Ukr Biokhim Zh (1999). 2003;75:67-70 pubmed
    ..The values of the kinetic parameters V and K(m) for butyrylcholinesterase hydrolysis of 1- and 2-thionaphthylacetates were determined. It was offered to use 1-thionaphthylacetates as the substrate for cholinesterases...
  9. Palombi M, Lombardo B, Caboni E. In vitro regeneration of wild pear (Pyrus pyraster Burgsd) clones tolerant to Fe-chlorosis and somaclonal variation analysis by RAPD markers. Plant Cell Rep. 2007;26:489-96 pubmed
    ..These were analysed using the Dice similarity index, showing genetic variability among the 11 regenerated clones and between them and the mother clone. ..

More Information

Publications103 found, 100 shown here

  1. Dong M, Bufford J, Oono Y, Church K, Dau M, Michels K, et al. Heat suppresses activation of an auxin-responsive promoter in cultured guard cell protoplasts of tree tobacco. Plant Physiol. 2007;145:367-77 pubmed
    ..H(2)O(2) did not suppress BA activation at 32 degrees C, nor did superoxide and H(2)O(2) scavengers prevent BA suppression at 38 degrees C. ..
  2. Heaslip R, Grimes D, Berkenkopf J, Ilsemann B, Sickels B, Weichman B. Anti-leukotriene effects of WY-50,295 tromethamine in isolated guinea pig pulmonary tissues. Eur J Pharmacol. 1993;234:247-54 pubmed
    ..The greater efficacy of WY-50,295 tromethamine in the antigen-challenged guinea pig trachea is likely to result from its combined abilities to prevent LT biosynthesis and block LTD4 receptors. ..
  3. Huikko K, Ostman P, Sauber C, Mandel F, Grigoras K, Franssila S, et al. Feasibility of atmospheric pressure desorption/ionization on silicon mass spectrometry in analysis of drugs. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2003;17:1339-43 pubmed
    ..The good linearity (r(2) > 0.991), linear dynamic range of 3 orders of magnitude, and reasonable repeatability showed that the method is suitable for quantitative analysis. ..
  4. Rao A, Hussain S, Shahzad M, Bokhari S, Raza M, Rakha A, et al. Somatic embryogenesis in wild relatives of cotton (Gossypium Spp.). J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2006;7:291-8 pubmed
    ..The results of this study pave the way for establishing future transformation methods. ..
  5. Tatsuki M, Nakajima N, Fujii H, Shimada T, Nakano M, Hayashi K, et al. Increased levels of IAA are required for system 2 ethylene synthesis causing fruit softening in peach (Prunus persica L. Batsch). J Exp Bot. 2013;64:1049-59 pubmed publisher
  6. Reichman J, Cohen S, Goldfarb M, Shina A, Rosen S, Brezis M, et al. Renal effects of nabumetone, a COX-2 antagonist: impairment of function in isolated perfused rat kidneys contrasts with preserved renal function in vivo. Exp Nephrol. 2001;9:387-96 pubmed
    ..COX selectivity may not explain the renal safety of nabumetone. ..
  7. Chen Y, Cai W. Synthesis and fluorescence properties of rare earth (Eu3+ and Gd3+) complexes with alpha-naphthylacetic acid and 1,10-phenanthroline. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2005;62:863-8 pubmed
    ..In addition, the relationship of Y value and mole fraction of Gd3+ was analyzed by mathematical software. The results showed that Y value decreased by single exponential mode when the content of Gd3+ decreased. ..
  8. Yan B, Matoney L, Yang D. Human carboxylesterases in term placentae: enzymatic characterization, molecular cloning and evidence for the existence of multiple forms. Placenta. 1999;20:599-607 pubmed
    ..Therefore, placental carboxylesterases have both pharmacological and toxicological significance in the development of the fetus. ..
  9. Musa K, Eriksson L. Theoretical study of the phototoxicity of naproxen and the active form of nabumetone. J Phys Chem A. 2008;112:10921-30 pubmed publisher
  10. Pipino L, Braglia L, Giovannini A, Fascella G, Mercuri A. In vitro regeneration and multiplication of Passiflora hybrid "Guglielmo Betto". Methods Mol Biol. 2010;589:153-62 pubmed publisher
    ..20 microM 6-gamma-gamma-dimethylallylaminopurine (2iP) and 2.68 microM alpha-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA), respectively. In vitro shoot multiplication, rooting, and regenerated plant acclimatization protocols were established. ..
  11. Sivakumar P, Law Y, Ho C, Harikrishna J. High frequency plant regeneration from mature seed of elite, recalcitrant Malaysian indica rice ( Oryza sativa L.) CV. MR 219. Acta Biol Hung. 2010;61:313-21 pubmed publisher
    ..This protocol may be used for other recalcitrant indica rice genotypes and to transfer desirable genes in to Malaysian indica rice cultivar MR219 for crop improvement. ..
  12. de Jager A, Hundt H, Hundt A, Swart K, Knight M, Roberts J. Extractionless determination of 6-methoxy-2-naphthylacetic acid, a major metabolite of nabumetone, in human plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 2000;740:247-51 pubmed
    ..The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was 70 ng/ml, at a signal-to-noise ratio of 8:1. The assay method displayed good correlation (r=0.997), and can be readily employed in pharmacokinetic and bioequivalence studies. ..
  13. Petrasek J, Elckner M, Morris D, Zazimalova E. Auxin efflux carrier activity and auxin accumulation regulate cell division and polarity in tobacco cells. Planta. 2002;216:302-8 pubmed
  14. Wang L, Lv H, Zhang L, Hua H, Wang J, Hu Z, et al. [Screening of endophytic fungi from Huperzia serrata for acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity and its taxonomic identification]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2012;37:3701-5 pubmed
    ..To screen out fungus strains with acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity from Huperzia serrata...
  15. Pillinger M, Dinsell V, Apsel B, Tolani S, Marjanovic N, Chan E, et al. Regulation of metalloproteinases and NF-kappaB activation in rabbit synovial fibroblasts via E prostaglandins and Erk: contrasting effects of nabumetone and 6MNA. Br J Pharmacol. 2004;142:973-82 pubmed
    ..In contrast, nabumetone demonstrates anti-inflammatory and potentially arthroprotective effects that have not been previously appreciated. ..
  16. Lai C, Lin H, Nalawade S, Fang W, Tsay H. Hyperhydricity in shoot cultures of Scrophularia yoshimurae can be effectively reduced by ventilation of culture vessels. J Plant Physiol. 2005;162:355-61 pubmed
    ..The results show that hyperhydricity in shoot cultures of S. yoshimurae could be prevented by sufficient gas exchange during culture...
  17. Mahesh A, Thangadurai D, Melchias G. Rapid in vitro plant regeneration from leaf explants of Launaea sarmentosa (Willd.) Sch. Bip. ex Kuntze. Biol Res. 2012;45:131-3 pubmed publisher
    ..5mg/l. The regenerated plantlets were hardened under greenhouse conditions and transferred to garden, resulting in a 90% survival rate. ..
  18. El Gaied L, Abu El Heba G, El Sherif N. Effect of growth hormones on some antioxidant parameters and gene expression in tomato. GM Crops Food. 2013;4:67-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Also, there was no considerable difference detected in catalase activity of all bioregulator-treated plants compared with the control. ..
  19. Soliman H, Gabr M, Abdallah N. Efficient transformation and regeneration of fig (Ficus carica L.) via somatic embryogenesis. GM Crops. 2010;1:40-51 pubmed publisher
    ..0 ?g DNA per shot at 1,100 psi and a distance of 6 cm repeated twice. The transgenic nature of regenerated plants was confirmed by PCR analysis, histochemical GUS assay and leaf painting assay. ..
  20. Xu T, Zhang L, Zhen J, Fan Y, Zhang C, Wang L. Expressional and regulatory characterization of Arabidopsis RNA-dependent RNA polymerase 1. Planta. 2013;237:1561-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The 5'-UTR intron was functional in transcript accumulation. Together, our findings suggest that AtRDR1-associated pathogen defense is conducted mainly in the plant vascular tissue system and is under complex regulation. ..
  21. Zhu H, Dardick C, Beers E, Callanhan A, Xia R, Yuan R. Transcriptomics of shading-induced and NAA-induced abscission in apple (Malus domestica) reveals a shared pathway involving reduced photosynthesis, alterations in carbohydrate transport and signaling and hormone crosstalk. BMC Plant Biol. 2011;11:138 pubmed publisher
    ..This unpredictability reflects our incomplete understanding of the mode of action of NAA in promoting fruit abscission...
  22. Zhang G, Guan J, Huang S, Liu H, Liu X, Zhu C, et al. [Study on PLB induction and proliferation of Dendrobium officinale]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2011;34:1172-7 pubmed
    ..The optimized medium ingredients suitable for PLB induction are MS +10% CM +1.0g/L AC; The optimized medium ingredients suitable for PLB proliferation are MS + 1.0 mg/L KT + 0.2 mg/L NAA + 10% CM. ..
  23. Nguyen K, Towler M, Weathers P. The effect of roots and media constituents on trichomes and artemisinin production in Artemisia annua L. Plant Cell Rep. 2013;32:207-18 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that, while the presence of roots affects AN and trichome production, phytohormones and other media constituents used for in vitro culture of A. annua also exert an influence. ..
  24. Mohamad Zuldin N, Said I, Mohd Noor N, Zainal Z, Jin Kiat C, Ismail I. Induction and analysis of the alkaloid mitragynine content of a Mitragyna speciosa suspension culture system upon elicitation and precursor feeding. ScientificWorldJournal. 2013;2013:209434 pubmed publisher
    ..Tryptophan and loganin were used as exogenous precursors; the highest level of mitragynine production was achieved in cultures treated with 3? ?M tryptophan and harvested at 6 days (13.226 ± 1.98?mg?L?¹)...
  25. Aremu A, Plačková L, Novák O, Stirk W, Doležal K, van Staden J. Cytokinin profiles in ex vitro acclimatized Eucomis autumnalis plants pre-treated with smoke-derived karrikinolide. Plant Cell Rep. 2016;35:227-38 pubmed publisher
    ..The current findings establish that SW and KAR1 exert significant influence on the endogenous CK pools. However, the better growth of plants treated with SW and KAR1 treatments was not exclusively related to the endogenous CKs. ..
  26. Danso K, Ford Lloyd B. Encapsulation of nodal cuttings and shoot tips for storage and exchange of cassava germplasm. Plant Cell Rep. 2003;21:718-25 pubmed
    ..Such encapsulated micropropagules could be used as an alternative to synthetic seeds derived from somatic embryos. ..
  27. Kumpulainen H, Mähönen N, Laitinen M, Jaurakkajärvi M, Raunio H, Juvonen R, et al. Evaluation of hydroxyimine as cytochrome P450-selective prodrug structure. J Med Chem. 2006;49:1207-11 pubmed
    ..Results indicate that hydroxyimine is a useful intermediate prodrug structure for ketone drugs. ..
  28. Niu Y, Jin C, Jin G, Zhou Q, Lin X, Tang C, et al. Auxin modulates the enhanced development of root hairs in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. under elevated CO(2). Plant Cell Environ. 2011;34:1304-17 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study suggests that elevated CO(2) enhanced the development of root hairs in Arabidopsis via the well-characterized auxin signalling and transport that modulate the initiation of root hairs and the expression of its specific genes. ..
  29. Arazi T, Talmor Neiman M, Stav R, Riese M, Huijser P, Baulcombe D. Cloning and characterization of micro-RNAs from moss. Plant J. 2005;43:837-48 pubmed
    ..Our observations suggest that miRNAs play important regulatory roles in mosses. ..
  30. Murillo Pulgarín J, Alañón Molina A, Sánchez Ferrer Robles I. Rapid simultaneous determination of four non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs by means of derivative nonlinear variable-angle synchronous fluorescence spectrometry. Appl Spectrosc. 2010;64:949-55 pubmed publisher
    ..The sensitivity, repeatability, reproducibility, and limits of detection achieved with the proposed method are adequate for the determination of these anti-inflammatory drugs. ..
  31. Luu D, Martinière A, Sorieul M, Runions J, Maurel C. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching reveals high cycling dynamics of plasma membrane aquaporins in Arabidopsis roots under salt stress. Plant J. 2012;69:894-905 pubmed publisher
    ..Two distinct models for PM aquaporin cycling in resting or salt-stressed root cells are discussed. ..
  32. Han J, Oh D, Mok I, Park H, Kim C. Efficient plant regeneration from cotyledon explants of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria Standl.). Plant Cell Rep. 2004;23:291-6 pubmed
    ..Adventitious shoots were successfully rooted on a half-strength MS medium with 0.1 mg/l IAA for 2-3 weeks. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that most of the regenerated plants derived from culture on medium with AgNO(3) were diploid. ..
  33. Khan R, Khan M, Rashid A, Farooq A. Effect of exogenous indole-3-acetic acid and naphthalene acetic acid on regeneration of damask rose cuttings in three growing media. Pak J Biol Sci. 2007;10:3626-31 pubmed
    ..1 cm), plant spread (37 cm), primary shoots (5.2), secondary shoots (19.48) and survival percentage (85.67%), followed by soil + leaf mould, while soil media was least effective. ..
  34. Szopa A, Ekiert H. In vitro cultures of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. (Chinese magnolia vine)--a potential biotechnological rich source of therapeutically important phenolic acids. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2012;166:1941-8 pubmed publisher
    ..chinensis in vitro cultures to produce the biologically active phenolic acids. These are the first results on the analysis of this group of metabolites in overground parts of plants growing in vivo, too. ..
  35. Xiao D, Chen Y, Yang D, Yan B. Age-related inducibility of carboxylesterases by the antiepileptic agent phenobarbital and implications in drug metabolism and lipid accumulation. Biochem Pharmacol. 2012;84:232-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The greater induction of ces1d also provides a molecular explanation to the clinical observation that children on antiepileptic drugs increase plasma lipids. ..
  36. Tamura M, Togami J, Ishiguro K, Nakamura N, Katsumoto Y, Suzuki K, et al. Regeneration of transformed verbena (Verbena x hybrida) by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Plant Cell Rep. 2003;21:459-66 pubmed
    ..GFP was expressed in all of the organs including the floral parts. Stable genomic transformation was confirmed by Southern blot analysis. No morphological differences were observed between the transformed plants and their host plants...
  37. Cline M, Oh C. A reappraisal of the role of abscisic acid and its interaction with auxin in apical dominance. Ann Bot. 2006;98:891-7 pubmed
  38. Ravikumar C, Padmaja L, Hubert Joe I. Vibrational spectra and normal coordinate analysis of plant growth regulator 1-naphthalene acetamide. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2010;75:859-66 pubmed publisher
    ..The NBO analysis confirms the occurrence of strong intermolecular hydrogen bonding in the molecule. ..
  39. Umber M, Voll L, Weber A, Michler P, Otten L. The rolB-like part of the Agrobacterium rhizogenes orf8 gene inhibits sucrose export in tobacco. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2002;15:956-62 pubmed
    ..Growth of 2x35S-A4-Norf8 seedlings is inhibited on naphthalene acetic acid-containing media, suggesting a link between sucrose transport and auxin sensitivity. ..
  40. Cui H, Fedoroff N. Inducible DNA demethylation mediated by the maize Suppressor-mutator transposon-encoded TnpA protein. Plant Cell. 2002;14:2883-99 pubmed
  41. Abuin E, Lissi E, Solar C. Effect of urea on the enzymatic activity of a lipase entrapped in AOT-heptane-water reverse micellar solutions. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2005;283:87-93 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, at intermediate urea concentrations (2 M), the additive produces an increase in the Michaelis constant (K(M)) without a significant decrease (or even a small increase) in the catalytic rate constant (k(cat)). ..
  42. Canudas N, Zamora D, Villamizar J, Fuentes J, Castelli C, Taddei A. Photosensitizing properties of 6-methoxy-2-naphthylacetic acid, the major metabolite of the phototoxic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and analgesic drug nabumetone. Pharmazie. 2005;60:604-8 pubmed
    ..6-MNAA was phototoxic to C. albicans, C. lipolytica and C. tropicalis. A mechanism involving singlet oxygen, radicals, and electron transfer reactions is suggested for the observed phototoxicity. ..
  43. Nagabalasubramanian P, Karabacak M, Periandy S. FT-IR, FT-Raman, ab initio and DFT structural, vibrational frequency and HOMO-LUMO analysis of 1-naphthaleneacetic acid methyl ester. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2011;82:169-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The calculated frontier orbital energies, absorption wavelengths (?), oscillator strengths (f) and excitation energies (E) for gas phase and solvent (DMSO and chloroform) are also illustrated. ..
  44. Moghaddam S, Jaafar H, Aziz M, Ibrahim R, Rahmat A, Philip E. Optimization of an efficient semi-solid culture protocol for sterilization and plant regeneration of Centella asiatica (L.) as a medicinal herb. Molecules. 2011;16:8981-91 pubmed
    ..The findings of this study have proven an efficient medium and PGR concentration for the mass propagation of C.asiatica. These findings would be useful in micropropagation and ex situ conservation of this plant. ..
  45. Lin Y, Li M, Huang L, Shen W, Ren Y. Involvement of heme oxygenase-1 in ?-cyclodextrin-hemin complex-induced cucumber adventitious rooting process. Plant Cell Rep. 2012;31:1563-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Physiological, pharmacological and molecular evidence showed that ?-cyclodextrin-hemin complex (CDH) was able to induce cucumber adventitious rooting through heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1)-dependent mechanism and calcium signaling. ..
  46. Knoche M, Bukovac M. Finite dose diffusion studies: III. Effects of temperature, humidity and deposit manipulation on NAA penetration through isolated tomato fruit cuticles. Pest Manag Sci. 2001;57:737-42 pubmed
    ..NAA penetration following deposit removal was always less than 6.1% of the amount of NAA applied and averaged 0.5 (+/- 0.2)% when deposits were removed immediately after droplet drying. ..
  47. Vishnevetsky J, Zamski E, Ziv M. Enhanced bud and bulblet regeneration from bulbs of Nerine sarniensis cultured in vitro. Plant Cell Rep. 2003;21:645-50 pubmed
    ..The bulbs were rooted on a semi-solid medium after 4 weeks and then transferred to the soil. As many as 18 bulblets developed and rooted from one in vitro-grown bulb after 25-27 weeks. ..
  48. Keller C, Stahlberg R, Barkawi L, Cohen J. Long-term inhibition by auxin of leaf blade expansion in bean and Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 2004;134:1217-26 pubmed
    ..Also, petiole treatment of Arabidopsis with 1-N-naphthylphthalamic acid similarly inhibited leaf growth of both wild-type plants and ethylene-insensitive ein4 mutants. ..
  49. Shishova M, Yemelyanov V, Rudashevskaya E, Lindberg S. A shift in sensitivity to auxin within development of maize seedlings. J Plant Physiol. 2007;164:1323-30 pubmed
    ..Hence the primary auxin-induced increase in [Ca(2+)](cyt), which is supposed to be an important element of hormone signal perception and transduction, can be used as a test for elucidation of plant cell sensitivity to auxin. ..
  50. Huang J, Zhao X, Yu H, Ouyang Y, Wang L, Zhang Q. The ankyrin repeat gene family in rice: genome-wide identification, classification and expression profiling. Plant Mol Biol. 2009;71:207-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data provided a very useful reference for cloning and functional analysis of members of this gene family in rice...
  51. Gomes F, Simões M, Lopes M, Canhoto J. Effect of plant growth regulators and genotype on the micropropagation of adult trees of Arbutus unedo L. (strawberry tree). N Biotechnol. 2010;27:882-92 pubmed publisher
    ..The genotype of the donor plants is also a factor interfering with the multiplication. The results also indicated that the conditions used for multiplication influenced the behavior of shoots during the rooting phase. ..
  52. Cheng Z, Zhou X, Khan M, Su L, Meng H. In vitro induction of tetraploid garlic with trifluralin. Genet Mol Res. 2012;11:2620-8 pubmed publisher
  53. van Doorn W, Dole I, Celikel F, Harkema H. Opening of Iris flowers is regulated by endogenous auxins. J Plant Physiol. 2013;170:161-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The data suggest that endogenous auxins are among the regulators of the pedicel and ovary elongation and thus of flower opening in Iris. ..
  54. Reiner E, Pavković E, Radic Z, Simeon V. Differentiation of esterases reacting with organophosphorus compounds. Chem Biol Interact. 1993;87:77-83 pubmed
    ..The EDTA-insensitive hydrolysis of BNA and PA was attributed to a serine esterase. The EDTA-sensitive hydrolysis of PA is probably due to more than one enzyme, which might be an arylesterase and a carboxylesterase...
  55. Shah J, Tsui F, Klessig D. Characterization of a salicylic acid-insensitive mutant (sai1) of Arabidopsis thaliana, identified in a selective screen utilizing the SA-inducible expression of the tms2 gene. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 1997;10:69-78 pubmed
    ..sai1 is allelic to npr1, a previously identified SA-noninducible mutation. The recessive nature of the noninducible sai1 mutation suggests that the wild-type SAI1 gene acts as a positive regulator in the SA signal transduction pathway. ..
  56. Marston A, Kissling J, Hostettmann K. A rapid TLC bioautographic method for the detection of acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitors in plants. Phytochem Anal. 2002;13:51-4 pubmed
    ..The alkaloids galanthamine and physostigmine, which are known inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase, were used to determine the sensitivity of the assay. Various plant extracts were tested using the bioassay. ..
  57. Marchant A, Bhalerao R, Casimiro I, Eklöf J, Casero P, Bennett M, et al. AUX1 promotes lateral root formation by facilitating indole-3-acetic acid distribution between sink and source tissues in the Arabidopsis seedling. Plant Cell. 2002;14:589-97 pubmed
    ..Exogenous application of the synthetic auxin 1-naphthylacetic acid is able to rescue the aux1 lateral root phenotype, implying that root auxin levels are suboptimal for lateral root primordium initiation in the mutant. ..
  58. Pignocchi C, Fletcher J, Wilkinson J, Barnes J, Foyer C. The function of ascorbate oxidase in tobacco. Plant Physiol. 2003;132:1631-41 pubmed
    ..Taken together, these data show that there is an interaction between hormone, redox, and light signals at the level of the apoplast via modulation of ion of AA content. ..
  59. Johnson M, Manickam V. In vitro micropropagation of Baliospermum montanum (Willd.) Muell-Arg--a medicinal plant. Indian J Exp Biol. 2003;41:1349-51 pubmed
    ..IAA, IBA and NAA. Maximum number of roots were observed on half strength MS medium fortified with IBA (9.84 microM) combined with NAA (5.37 microM). ..
  60. DeMason D. Auxin-cytokinin and auxin-gibberellin interactions during morphogenesis of the compound leaves of pea (Pisum sativum). Planta. 2005;222:151-66 pubmed
    ..These results show that both auxin and GA play similar and significant roles in pea leaf development. Pea leaf morphogenesis might involve auxin regulation of GA biosynthesis and GA regulation of Uni expression. ..
  61. Castellanos M, Power J, Davey M. Micropropagation of poinsettia by organogenesis. Methods Mol Biol. 2010;589:67-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Direct shoot regeneration from cultured explants is important to minimize somaclonal variation in regenerated plants. ..
  62. Ahmed A, Mukherjee S, Deobagkar M, Naik T, Nandi D. Rapid burst of H2O2 by plant growth regulators increases intracellular Ca2+ amounts and modulates CD4+ T cell activation. Int Immunopharmacol. 2010;10:1397-405 pubmed publisher
    ..This study demonstrates the direct effects of three plant growth regulators on CD4(+) T cell activation and cycling. ..
  63. Weichman B, Berkenkopf J, Chang J, Heaslip R, Kreft A, Lewis A, et al. WY-50, 295 tromethamine: an orally active 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor with anti-allergic activity. Agents Actions Suppl. 1991;34:201-9 pubmed
    ..These studies demonstrate that WY-50,295 tromethamine possesses the complimentary actions of 5-LO inhibition and LTD4 receptor antagonism. ..
  64. Kirillova N, Komov V. [Effect of phytohormones on the protein-synthesizing ability of rauwolfia serpentina benth. tissue culture]. Prikl Biokhim Mikrobiol. 2002;38:53-6 pubmed
    ..Changes in the concentration of total protein in cells induced by indolylacetic and naphthylacetic acids were shown to be associated with the effects of these phytohormones on the biosynthesis and degradation of intracellular protein. ..
  65. Galis I, Simek P, Van Onckelen H, Kakiuchi Y, Wabiko H. Resistance of transgenic tobacco seedlings expressing the Agrobacterium tumefaciens C58-6b gene, to growth-inhibitory levels of cytokinin is associated with elevated IAA levels and activation of phenylpropanoid metabolism. Plant Cell Physiol. 2002;43:939-50 pubmed
  66. Yamazaki Y, Sudo H, Yamazaki M, Aimi N, Saito K. Camptothecin biosynthetic genes in hairy roots of Ophiorrhiza pumila: cloning, characterization and differential expression in tissues and by stress compounds. Plant Cell Physiol. 2003;44:395-403 pubmed
    ..Plant stress compounds like salicylic acid repressed expression of OpSTR and OpTDC, suggesting coordinate regulation of these genes for camptothecin biosynthesis. ..
  67. Shi Q, Li C, Zhang F. Nicotine synthesis in Nicotiana tabacum L. induced by mechanical wounding is regulated by auxin. J Exp Bot. 2006;57:2899-907 pubmed
    ..The results strongly suggest that auxin serves as a negative signal to regulate nicotine synthesis in roots of tobacco plants. ..
  68. Upadhyay R, Tiwari K, Singh K. High frequency shoots regeneration for mass multiplication of Phyllanthus fraternus Webster--an important antiviral and hepatoprotective plant. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2013;169:2303-14 pubmed publisher
    ..This cost-effective protocol will help the mass multiplication of P. fraternus for commercial propagation and high biomass production of this valuable medicinal plant. ..
  69. Wan G, Ma L, Zhang J. [Effect on different concentrations of exogenous hormones on baicalin in Scutellaria baicalensis callus]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2012;37:3799-802 pubmed
    ..78 mg x g(-1). The experiment is such a simple, rapid and stable method for determining the baicalin content that it can be used for determining the baicalin content in S. baicalensis callus. ..
  70. Ogata K, Takamura N, Tokunaga J, Ikeda T, Setoguchi N, Tanda K, et al. A novel injection strategy of flurbiprofen axetil by inhibiting protein binding with 6-methoxy-2-naphthylacetic acid. Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2016;41:179-86 pubmed publisher
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    ..cytokinin. The content of squamocin (67.8 microg g(-1) dry weight) in calli cultured on Gamborg B-5 medium containing 5.0 mg l(-1) naphthalene acetic acid and 4.0 mg l(-1) zeatin was nearly seven times higher than that in intact fruits. ..
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