plant tubers

Summary

Summary: An enlarged underground root or stem of some plants. It is usually rich in carbohydrates. Some, such as POTATOES, are important human FOOD. They may reproduce vegetatively from buds.

Top Publications

  1. Li L, Tacke E, Hofferbert H, Lübeck J, Strahwald J, Draffehn A, et al. Validation of candidate gene markers for marker-assisted selection of potato cultivars with improved tuber quality. Theor Appl Genet. 2013;126:1039-52 pubmed publisher
    ..In F1 progeny of a single-cross combination, MAS with six markers did not give the expected result. Reasons and implications for MAS in potato are discussed. ..
  2. Fischer M, Schreiber L, Colby T, Kuckenberg M, Tacke E, Hofferbert H, et al. Novel candidate genes influencing natural variation in potato tuber cold sweetening identified by comparative proteomics and association mapping. BMC Plant Biol. 2013;13:113 pubmed publisher
    ..Novel SNP's diagnostic for increased tuber starch content, starch yield and chip quality were identified, which are useful for selecting improved potato processing cultivars. ..
  3. McKenzie M, Chen R, Harris J, Ashworth M, Brummell D. Post-translational regulation of acid invertase activity by vacuolar invertase inhibitor affects resistance to cold-induced sweetening of potato tubers. Plant Cell Environ. 2013;36:176-85 pubmed publisher
    ..The results show that post-translational regulation of acid invertase by the vacuolar invertase inhibitor is an important component of resistance to CIS...
  4. Ross H, McDougall G, Vincent J, Stewart D, Verrall S, Taylor M. Discerning intra-tuber differences in textural properties in cooked Solanum tuberosum group Tuberosum and group Phureja tubers. J Sci Food Agric. 2010;90:1527-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the textural properties of cooked tubers of Solanum tuberosum group Phureja with those of group Tuberosum...
  5. Camire M, Kubow S, Donnelly D. Potatoes and human health. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2009;49:823-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Many compounds in potatoes contribute to antioxidant activity and interest in cultivars with pigmented flesh is growing. This review will examine the nutrient and bioactive compounds in potatoes and their impact on human health...
  6. Urbany C, Colby T, Stich B, Schmidt L, Schmidt J, Gebhardt C. Analysis of natural variation of the potato tuber proteome reveals novel candidate genes for tuber bruising. J Proteome Res. 2012;11:703-16 pubmed publisher
    ..Differentially expressed proteins were found, notably lipases, patatins, and annexins, showing remarkable time-dependent protein variation...
  7. Navarro C, Abelenda J, Cruz Oró E, Cuellar C, Tamaki S, Silva J, et al. Control of flowering and storage organ formation in potato by FLOWERING LOCUS T. Nature. 2011;478:119-22 pubmed publisher
  8. Fettke J, Albrecht T, Hejazi M, Mahlow S, Nakamura Y, Steup M. Glucose 1-phosphate is efficiently taken up by potato (Solanum tuberosum) tuber parenchyma cells and converted to reserve starch granules. New Phytol. 2010;185:663-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Two distinct paths of reserve starch biosynthesis are proposed that explain, at a biochemical level, the phenotype of several transgenic plant lines...
  9. Urbany C, Stich B, Schmidt L, Simon L, Berding H, Junghans H, et al. Association genetics in Solanum tuberosum provides new insights into potato tuber bruising and enzymatic tissue discoloration. BMC Genomics. 2011;12:7 pubmed publisher
    ..The genetic factors and molecular networks underlying enzymatic tissue discoloration are sparsely known. Hitherto there is no association study dealing with tuber bruising and diagnostic markers for enzymatic discoloration are rare...

More Information

Publications65

  1. Bhaskar P, Wu L, Busse J, Whitty B, Hamernik A, Jansky S, et al. Suppression of the vacuolar invertase gene prevents cold-induced sweetening in potato. Plant Physiol. 2010;154:939-48 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, both processing quality and acrylamide problems in potato can be controlled effectively by suppression of the VInv gene through biotechnology or targeted breeding...
  2. Liu X, Song B, Zhang H, Li X, Xie C, Liu J. Cloning and molecular characterization of putative invertase inhibitor genes and their possible contributions to cold-induced sweetening of potato tubers. Mol Genet Genomics. 2010;284:147-59 pubmed publisher
  3. Kloosterman B, Oortwijn M, Uitdewilligen J, America T, de Vos R, Visser R, et al. From QTL to candidate gene: genetical genomics of simple and complex traits in potato using a pooling strategy. BMC Genomics. 2010;11:158 pubmed publisher
    ..Extreme genotypes for a quantitative trait are collected and the RNA from contrasting bulks is then profiled with the aim of finding differentially expressed genes...
  4. McCann L, Bethke P, Simon P. Extensive variation in fried chip color and tuber composition in cold-stored tubers of wild potato (solanum) germplasm. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:2368-76 pubmed publisher
    ..tuberosum cultivar Snowden. Sugar profiles and relationships between specific sugars and chip color in Solanum pinnatisectum were unique among the species examined...
  5. Brummell D, Chen R, Harris J, Zhang H, Hamiaux C, Kralicek A, et al. Induction of vacuolar invertase inhibitor mRNA in potato tubers contributes to cold-induced sweetening resistance and includes spliced hybrid mRNA variants. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:3519-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Evidence for increased RNA splicing activity was detected in several resistant lines, a mechanism that in some circumstances may generate a range of proteins with additional functional capacity to aid adaptability...
  6. Parker J, Balagiannis D, Higley J, Smith G, Wedzicha B, Mottram D. Kinetic model for the formation of acrylamide during the finish-frying of commercial french fries. J Agric Food Chem. 2012;60:9321-31 pubmed publisher
    ..This showed the contribution of both glucose and fructose to the generation of acrylamide and accurately predicted the acrylamide content of the final fries...
  7. Ohizumi Y, Gaidamashvili M, Ohwada S, Matsuda K, Kominami J, Nakamura Tsuruta S, et al. Mannose-binding lectin from yam (Dioscorea batatas) tubers with insecticidal properties against Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:2896-902 pubmed publisher
    ..The results show that DB1 may fulfill a defense role against insect pests...
  8. Sorce C, Lombardi L, Giorgetti L, Parisi B, Ranalli P, Lorenzi R. Indoleacetic acid concentration and metabolism changes during bud development in tubers of two potato (Solanum tuberosum) cultivars. J Plant Physiol. 2009;166:1023-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Instead, auxin might shorten dormancy, in a cultivar-dependent manner, by enhancing early developmental processes in buds, ultimately leading to dormancy termination...
  9. Rommens C, Richael C, Yan H, Navarre D, Ye J, Krucker M, et al. Engineered native pathways for high kaempferol and caffeoylquinate production in potato. Plant Biotechnol J. 2008;6:870-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Processed products of these lines retained most of their phenylpropanoids and were indistinguishable from untransformed controls in texture and taste...
  10. Rommens C, Yan H, Swords K, Richael C, Ye J. Low-acrylamide French fries and potato chips. Plant Biotechnol J. 2008;6:843-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Given the important role of processed potato products in the modern Western diet, a replacement of current varieties with intragenic potatoes could reduce the average daily intake of acrylamide by almost one-third...
  11. de Pater S, Caspers M, Kottenhagen M, Meima H, ter Stege R, de Vetten N. Manipulation of starch granule size distribution in potato tubers by modulation of plastid division. Plant Biotechnol J. 2006;4:123-34 pubmed
    ..Starch from these tubers also had altered pasting properties and phosphate content. The importance of our results for the starch industry is discussed...
  12. Lopez A, Van Eck J, Conlin B, Paolillo D, O NEILL J, Li L. Effect of the cauliflower Or transgene on carotenoid accumulation and chromoplast formation in transgenic potato tubers. J Exp Bot. 2008;59:213-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, these results provide direct evidence demonstrating that the Or gene indeed controls chromoplast differentiation and that regulation of chromoplast formation can have a profound effect on carotenoid accumulation in plants...
  13. Arab A, Trigo J, Lourenção A, Peixoto A, Ramos F, Bento J. Differential attractiveness of potato tuber volatiles to Phthorimaea operculella (Gelechiidae) and the predator Orius insidiosus (Anthocoridae). J Chem Ecol. 2007;33:1845-55 pubmed
    ..operculella damaged tubers. Based on these results, we postulate that P. operculella and O. insidiosus have adapted their responses to plant volatiles differently, enabling them to locate suitable hosts or prey...
  14. Kloosterman B, Navarro C, Bijsterbosch G, Lange T, Prat S, Visser R, et al. StGA2ox1 is induced prior to stolon swelling and controls GA levels during potato tuber development. Plant J. 2007;52:362-73 pubmed
    ..We propose a role for StGA2ox1 in early tuber initiation by modifying GA levels in the subapical stolon region at the onset of tuberization, thereby facilitating normal tuber development and growth...
  15. Andre C, Oufir M, Guignard C, Hoffmann L, Hausman J, Evers D, et al. Antioxidant profiling of native Andean potato tubers (Solanum tuberosum L.) reveals cultivars with high levels of beta-carotene, alpha-tocopherol, chlorogenic acid, and petanin. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:10839-49 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that Andean potato cultivars should be exploited in screening and breeding programs for the development of potato varieties with enhanced health and nutritional benefits...
  16. Zhang Y, Jung C, De Jong W. Genetic analysis of pigmented tuber flesh in potato. Theor Appl Genet. 2009;119:143-50 pubmed publisher
  17. Ducreux L, Morris W, Prosser I, Morris J, Beale M, Wright F, et al. Expression profiling of potato germplasm differentiated in quality traits leads to the identification of candidate flavour and texture genes. J Exp Bot. 2008;59:4219-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Other gene expression differences that may impact tuber carotenoid content and tuber life-cycle phenotypes are discussed...
  18. Li L, Paulo M, Strahwald J, Lübeck J, Hofferbert H, Tacke E, et al. Natural DNA variation at candidate loci is associated with potato chip color, tuber starch content, yield and starch yield. Theor Appl Genet. 2008;116:1167-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Comparing linkage and linkage disequilibrium between loci provided evidence for the existence of large haplotype blocks in the breeding materials analyzed...
  19. Matsuura Endo C, Ohara Takada A, Chuda Y, Ono H, Yada H, Yoshida M, et al. Effects of storage temperature on the contents of sugars and free amino acids in tubers from different potato cultivars and acrylamide in chips. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2006;70:1173-80 pubmed
    ..When the fructose/asparagine ratio was >2 by low-temperature storage, the asparagine content, rather than the reducing sugar content, was found to be the limiting factor for acrylamide formation...
  20. Junker B, Wuttke R, Nunes Nesi A, Steinhauser D, Schauer N, Büssis D, et al. Enhancing vacuolar sucrose cleavage within the developing potato tuber has only minor effects on metabolism. Plant Cell Physiol. 2006;47:277-89 pubmed
    ..Finally, the results of this study are compared with those from other plant species and the relative roles of the vacuolar isoform of the enzyme are contrasted...
  21. Jin X, Ballicora M, Preiss J, Geiger J. Crystal structure of potato tuber ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase. EMBO J. 2005;24:694-704 pubmed
    ..These structures provide insights into the mechanism for catalysis and allosteric regulation of the enzyme...
  22. Jørgensen M, Bauw G, Welinder K. Molecular properties and activities of tuber proteins from starch potato cv. Kuras. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:9389-97 pubmed
    ..Carboxypeptidase inhibitor variants (5%) and defensins (5%) coeluted with phenolics. The native sizes and molecular properties were determined for 43 different potato tuber proteins, several for the first time...
  23. Dobson G, Griffiths D, Davies H, McNicol J. Comparison of fatty acid and polar lipid contents of tubers from two potato species, Solanum tuberosum and Solanum phureja. J Agric Food Chem. 2004;52:6306-14 pubmed
    ..phureja...
  24. Elmore J, Mottram D, Muttucumaru N, Dodson A, Parry M, Halford N. Changes in free amino acids and sugars in potatoes due to sulfate fertilization and the effect on acrylamide formation. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:5363-6 pubmed
  25. Iglesias A, Ballicora M, Sesma J, Preiss J. Domain swapping between a cyanobacterial and a plant subunit ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase. Plant Cell Physiol. 2006;47:523-30 pubmed
    ..Characterization of the chimeric heterotetramers showed the functionality of the large subunit, mainly in modulating regulation of the enzyme by the coordinate action of 3-phosphoglycerate and inorganic orthophosphate...
  26. Morris W, Ducreux L, Hedden P, Millam S, Taylor M. Overexpression of a bacterial 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate synthase gene in potato tubers perturbs the isoprenoid metabolic network: implications for the control of the tuber life cycle. J Exp Bot. 2006;57:3007-18 pubmed
    ..Additionally, compared with controls, in some dxs-expressing lines, tuber carotenoid content increased approximately 2-fold, with most of the increase accounted for by a 6-7-fold increase in phytoene...
  27. De Wilde T, De Meulenaer B, Mestdagh F, Govaert Y, Vandeburie S, Ooghe W, et al. Influence of storage practices on acrylamide formation during potato frying. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:6550-7 pubmed
    ..Finally the use of a sprout inhibitor did not influence the composition of the potato, and thus acrylamide formation was not susceptible to this treatment...
  28. Gerjets T, Sandmann G. Ketocarotenoid formation in transgenic potato. J Exp Bot. 2006;57:3639-45 pubmed
    ..Negative effects on photosynthesis due to the presence of the ketocarotenoids in leaves could be excluded by the determination of variable fluorescence...
  29. Kloosterman B, De Koeyer D, Griffiths R, Flinn B, Steuernagel B, Scholz U, et al. Genes driving potato tuber initiation and growth: identification based on transcriptional changes using the POCI array. Funct Integr Genomics. 2008;8:329-40 pubmed publisher
    ..POCI sequence and annotation data are publicly available through the POCI database ( http://pgrc.ipk-gatersleben.de/poci )...
  30. Riewe D, Grosman L, Fernie A, Wucke C, Geigenberger P. The potato-specific apyrase is apoplastically localized and has influence on gene expression, growth, and development. Plant Physiol. 2008;147:1092-109 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe the evidence that underlies both this fact and that potato-specific apyrase has a crucial role in regulating growth and development...
  31. Skog K, Viklund G, Olsson K, Sjöholm I. Acrylamide in home-prepared roasted potatoes. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2008;52:307-12 pubmed publisher
  32. Romer S, Lubeck J, Kauder F, Steiger S, Adomat C, Sandmann G. Genetic engineering of a zeaxanthin-rich potato by antisense inactivation and co-suppression of carotenoid epoxidation. Metab Eng. 2002;4:263-72 pubmed
    ..The amount of the deoxyxylulose 5-phosphate synthase mRNA was very similar in wild type and transformed tubers. Abscisic acid content of tubers remained unchanged whereas alpha-tocopherol was 2 to 3 fold elevated in the transformants...
  33. Chen S, Hajirezaei M, Zanor M, Hornyik C, Debast S, Lacomme C, et al. RNA interference-mediated repression of sucrose-phosphatase in transgenic potato tubers (Solanum tuberosum) strongly affects the hexose-to-sucrose ratio upon cold storage with only minor effects on total soluble carbohydrate accumulation. Plant Cell Environ. 2008;31:165-76 pubmed publisher
    ..Suc6P levels were found to negatively correlate with VI expression. A possible role of Suc6P in regulating VI expression is discussed...
  34. Rommens C, Ye J, Richael C, Swords K. Improving potato storage and processing characteristics through all-native DNA transformation. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:9882-7 pubmed
    ..French fries from the intragenic potatoes also contained reduced amounts of the antinutritional compound acrylamide while, unexpectedly, displaying enhanced sensory characteristics...
  35. Teixeira J, Pereira S, C novas F, Salema R. Glutamine synthetase of potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Desiree) plants: cell- and organ-specific expression and differential developmental regulation reveal specific roles in nitrogen assimilation and mobilization. J Exp Bot. 2005;56:663-71 pubmed publisher
    ..These new findings highlight the physiological importance of different GS1 isoenzymes in plant nitrogen metabolism...
  36. Campbell M, Segear E, Beers L, Knauber D, Suttle J. Dormancy in potato tuber meristems: chemically induced cessation in dormancy matches the natural process based on transcript profiles. Funct Integr Genomics. 2008;8:317-28 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that BE-induced cessation of dormancy initiates transcript profiles similar to the natural processes that control dormancy...
  37. Delaplace P, van der Wal F, Dierick J, Cordewener J, Fauconnier M, du Jardin P, et al. Potato tuber proteomics: comparison of two complementary extraction methods designed for 2-DE of acidic proteins. Proteomics. 2006;6:6494-7 pubmed
    ..The procedures are complementary regarding the Mr range of preferentially extracted proteins...
  38. Adsersen A, Kjølbye A, Dall O, Jäger A. Acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitory compounds from Corydalis cava Schweigg. & Kort. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;113:179-82 pubmed
    ..Corydaline was considered inactive against butyrylcholinesterase and corydine against acetylcholinesterase, due to IC(50)>100 microM...
  39. Zhang Y, Cheng S, De Jong D, Griffiths H, Halitschke R, De Jong W. The potato R locus codes for dihydroflavonol 4-reductase. Theor Appl Genet. 2009;119:931-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, dfr can fully complement R, both in terms of tuber color and anthocyanin composition...
  40. Destefano Beltr n L, Knauber D, Huckle L, Suttle J. Effects of postharvest storage and dormancy status on ABA content, metabolism, and expression of genes involved in ABA biosynthesis and metabolism in potato tuber tissues. Plant Mol Biol. 2006;61:687-97 pubmed publisher
  41. Morris W, Ross H, Ducreux L, Bradshaw J, Bryan G, Taylor M. Umami compounds are a determinant of the flavor of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:9627-33 pubmed
  42. Sarkar D. The signal transduction pathways controlling in planta tuberization in potato: an emerging synthesis. Plant Cell Rep. 2008;27:1-8 pubmed
  43. Lloyd J, Blennow A, Burhenne K, Kossmann J. Repression of a novel isoform of disproportionating enzyme (stDPE2) in potato leads to inhibition of starch degradation in leaves but not tubers stored at low temperature. Plant Physiol. 2004;134:1347-54 pubmed publisher
    ..stDPE2 was purified to apparent homogeneity from potato tuber extracts and could be demonstrated to transfer glucose from maltose to oyster glycogen...
  44. Dale M, Bradshaw J. Progress in improving processing attributes in potato. Trends Plant Sci. 2003;8:310-2 pubmed
  45. Diretto G, Tavazza R, Welsch R, Pizzichini D, Mourgues F, Papacchioli V, et al. Metabolic engineering of potato tuber carotenoids through tuber-specific silencing of lycopene epsilon cyclase. BMC Plant Biol. 2006;6:13 pubmed
    ..Potato tubers contain low levels of carotenoids, composed mainly of the xanthophylls lutein, antheraxanthin, violaxanthin, and of xanthophyll esters. None of these carotenoids have provitamin A activity...
  46. Amrein T, Limacher A, Conde Petit B, Amado R, Escher F. Influence of thermal processing conditions on acrylamide generation and browning in a potato model system. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:5910-6 pubmed
    ..This explains why the end of the frying process is very critical. Therefore, a lower temperature toward the end of frying reduces the acrylamide content of the product while color development is still good...
  47. Delaplace P, Rojas Beltran J, Frettinger P, du Jardin P, Fauconnier M. Oxylipin profile and antioxidant status of potato tubers during extended storage at room temperature. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2008;46:1077-84 pubmed publisher
  48. Dancs G, Kondrák M, Bánfalvi Z. The effects of enhanced methionine synthesis on amino acid and anthocyanin content of potato tubers. BMC Plant Biol. 2008;8:65 pubmed publisher
    ..Our aim was to increase the methionine content of tubers by co-expressing a gene involved in methionine synthesis with a gene encoding a methionine-rich storage protein in potato plants...
  49. Griffiths D, Dale M, Morris W, Ramsay G. Effects of season and postharvest storage on the carotenoid content of Solanum phureja potato tubers. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:379-85 pubmed
    ..Although both types of radiation produced a broadly similar increase in total carotenoid contents, differential effects on the individual carotenoid profile of the light-induced carotenoids were observed...
  50. Sturz A, Peters R, Carter M, Sanderson J, Matheson B, Christie B. Variation in antibiosis ability, against potato pathogens, of bacterial communities recovered from the endo- and exoroots of potato crops produced under conventional versus minimum tillage systems. Can J Microbiol. 2005;51:643-54 pubmed
  51. Malone J, Mittova V, Ratcliffe R, Kruger N. The response of carbohydrate metabolism in potato tubers to low temperature. Plant Cell Physiol. 2006;47:1309-22 pubmed
  52. Lehesranta S, Davies H, Shepherd L, Koistinen K, Massat N, Nunan N, et al. Proteomic analysis of the potato tuber life cycle. Proteomics. 2006;6:6042-52 pubmed
    ..These results represent the first comprehensive picture of many proteins involved in the tuber development and physiology...
  53. Ducreux L, Morris W, Hedley P, Shepherd T, Davies H, Millam S, et al. Metabolic engineering of high carotenoid potato tubers containing enhanced levels of beta-carotene and lutein. J Exp Bot. 2005;56:81-9 pubmed
    ..The implications of these data from a nutritional standpoint and for further modifications of tuber carotenoid content are discussed...
  54. Banerjee A, Chatterjee M, Yu Y, Suh S, Miller W, Hannapel D. Dynamics of a mobile RNA of potato involved in a long-distance signaling pathway. Plant Cell. 2006;18:3443-57 pubmed
    ..These results implicate the transcripts of St BEL5 in a long-distance signaling pathway that are delivered to the target organ via the phloem stream...
  55. Shameli K, Ahmad M, Zamanian A, Sangpour P, Shabanzadeh P, Abdollahi Y, et al. Green biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Curcuma longa tuber powder. Int J Nanomedicine. 2012;7:5603-10 pubmed publisher
    ..The most needed outcome of this work will be the development of value-added products from C. longa for biomedical and nanotechnology-based industries...
  56. de Haan S, Burgos G, Ccanto R, Arcos J, Scurrah M, Salas E, et al. Effect of production environment, genotype and process on the mineral content of native bitter potato cultivars converted into white chuño. J Sci Food Agric. 2012;92:2098-105 pubmed publisher