plant immunity


Summary: The inherent or induced capacity of plants to withstand or ward off biological attack by pathogens.

Top Publications

  1. Verhage A, van Wees S, Pieterse C. Plant immunity: it's the hormones talking, but what do they say?. Plant Physiol. 2010;154:536-40 pubmed publisher
  2. Burra D, Berkowitz O, Hedley P, Morris J, Resjö S, Levander F, et al. Phosphite-induced changes of the transcriptome and secretome in Solanum tuberosum leading to resistance against Phytophthora infestans. BMC Plant Biol. 2014;14:254 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study suggests that a rapid phosphite-triggered response is important to confer long-lasting resistance against P. infestans and gives molecular understanding of its successful field applications. ..
  3. Imprialou M, Kahles A, Steffen J, Osborne E, Gan X, Lempe J, et al. Genomic Rearrangements in Arabidopsis Considered as Quantitative Traits. Genetics. 2017;205:1425-1441 pubmed publisher
    ..It is generally applicable to large populations sequenced at low-coverage, and is particularly suited to mapping transpositions. ..
  4. Kurth F, Mailänder S, Bönn M, Feldhahn L, Herrmann S, Große I, et al. Streptomyces-induced resistance against oak powdery mildew involves host plant responses in defense, photosynthesis, and secondary metabolism pathways. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2014;27:891-900 pubmed publisher
    ..This study offers novel insights into the mechanisms of priming by actinobacteria and highlights their capacity to activate plant defense responses in the absence of pathogen challenge. ..
  5. Zhang Y, Liang Y, Dong Y, Gao Y, Yang X, Yuan J, et al. The Magnaporthe oryzae Alt A 1-like protein MoHrip1 binds to the plant plasma membrane. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017;492:55-60 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings indicate that MoHrip1 is a microbe-associated molecular pattern that is perceived by the plant immune system. This is the first study on an AA1 family protein that can bind to the plant plasma membrane. ..
  6. Piisilä M, Keceli M, Brader G, Jakobson L, Jõesaar I, Sipari N, et al. The F-box protein MAX2 contributes to resistance to bacterial phytopathogens in Arabidopsis thaliana. BMC Plant Biol. 2015;15:53 pubmed publisher
    ..Additional factors contributing to pathogen susceptibility in max2 plants include decreased tolerance to pathogen-triggered apoplastic ROS and alterations in hormonal signaling. ..
  7. Choi M, Kim W, Lee C, Oh C. Harpins, multifunctional proteins secreted by gram-negative plant-pathogenic bacteria. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2013;26:1115-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, in this review, we will summarize the functions of harpins as virulence factors (or translocators) of bacterial pathogens, elicitors of HR and immune responses, and plant growth enhancers. ..
  8. Naseem M, Dandekar T. The role of auxin-cytokinin antagonism in plant-pathogen interactions. PLoS Pathog. 2012;8:e1003026 pubmed publisher
  9. Dong S, Wang Y. Nudix Effectors: A Common Weapon in the Arsenal of Plant Pathogens. PLoS Pathog. 2016;12:e1005704 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Pritchard L, Birch P. The zigzag model of plant-microbe interactions: is it time to move on?. Mol Plant Pathol. 2014;15:865-70 pubmed publisher
  2. Jupe J, Stam R, Howden A, Morris J, Zhang R, Hedley P, et al. Phytophthora capsici-tomato interaction features dramatic shifts in gene expression associated with a hemi-biotrophic lifestyle. Genome Biol. 2013;14:R63 pubmed publisher
    ..Deliberate alteration of lifestyle-associated transcriptional changes may allow prevention or perhaps disruption of hemi-biotrophic disease cycles and limit damage caused by epidemics. ..
  3. Fujita M, Kusajima M, Okumura Y, Nakajima M, Minamisawa K, Nakashita H. Effects of colonization of a bacterial endophyte, Azospirillum sp. B510, on disease resistance in tomato. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2017;81:1657-1662 pubmed publisher
    ..These indicate that endophytic colonization with Azospirillum sp. B510 is able to activate the innate immune system also in tomato, which does not seem to be systemic acquired resistance. ..
  4. Xu G, Greene G, Yoo H, Liu L, Marques J, Motley J, et al. Global translational reprogramming is a fundamental layer of immune regulation in plants. Nature. 2017;545:487-490 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, this study provides not only strong evidence, but also a molecular mechanism, for global translational reprogramming during pattern-triggered immunity in plants. ..
  5. Tarrahi R, Khataee A, Movafeghi A, Rezanejad F, Gohari G. Toxicological implications of selenium nanoparticles with different coatings along with Se4+ on Lemna minor. Chemosphere. 2017;181:655-665 pubmed publisher
    ..The influence of tannic acid capped Se NPs after sodium selenite is stronger by the means of antioxidant enzymes activity in comparison with l-cysteine capped Se NPs. ..
  6. de Paula A, Dinato N, Vigna B, Fávero A. Recombinants from the crosses between amphidiploid and cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea) for pest-resistance breeding programs. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0175940 pubmed publisher
    ..The hybrids between A. hypogaea and An 13 will be used in breeding programs seeking pest resistance, being subjected to successive backcrosses until recovering all traits of interest of A. hypogaea, keeping the pest resistance. ..
  7. Seybold H, Trempel F, Ranf S, Scheel D, Romeis T, Lee J. Ca2+ signalling in plant immune response: from pattern recognition receptors to Ca2+ decoding mechanisms. New Phytol. 2014;204:782-90 pubmed
    ..Here, we summarize current developments in the roles of Ca2+ during plant immunity responses...
  8. Machado L, Castro A, Hamberg M, Bannenberg G, Gaggero C, Castresana C, et al. The Physcomitrella patens unique alpha-dioxygenase participates in both developmental processes and defense responses. BMC Plant Biol. 2015;15:45 pubmed publisher
  9. Pereira G, Pinho R, Pinho E, Pires L, Bernardo Junior L, Pereira J, et al. Selection of maize inbred lines and gene expression for resistance to ear rot. Genet Mol Res. 2017;16: pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the genes LOX8 and Hsp82 are potential molecular markers for selection of maize inbred lines resistant to F. verticillioides. ..
  10. Prince D, Rallapalli G, Xu D, Schoonbeek H, Çevik V, Asai S, et al. Albugo-imposed changes to tryptophan-derived antimicrobial metabolite biosynthesis may contribute to suppression of non-host resistance to Phytophthora infestans in Arabidopsis thaliana. BMC Biol. 2017;15:20 pubmed publisher
    ..infestans. Understanding the basis of non-host resistance to pathogens such as P. infestans could assist in development of strategies to elevate food security. ..
  11. Schaefer H, Brandes H, Ulber B, Becker H, Vidal S. Evaluation of nine genotypes of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) for larval infestation and performance of rape stem weevil (Ceutorhynchus napi Gyll.). PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0180807 pubmed publisher
    ..napi is based on both antixenotic and antibiotic properties of the genotypes. The resynthesized line S30 should therefore be introduced into B. napus breeding programs to enhance resistance against C. napi. ..
  12. dos Santos J, Mangolin C, Machado M, Scapim C, Giordani W, Gonçalves L. Genetic variability among elite popcorn lines based on molecular and morphoagronomic characteristics. Genet Mol Res. 2017;16: pubmed publisher
    ..The absence of a correlation suggests that both characterizations (morphoagronomic and molecular) are important for discriminating among elite popcorn lines. ..
  13. Ding L, Chen Y, Wei X, Ni M, Zhang J, Wang H, et al. Laboratory evaluation of transgenic Populus davidiana×Populus bolleana expressing Cry1Ac + SCK, Cry1Ah3, and Cry9Aa3 genes against gypsy moth and fall webworm. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0178754 pubmed publisher
    ..cunea larvae are more sensitive to the insecticidal proteins compared to L. dispar. Transgenic poplar lines toxic to L. dispar and H. cunea could be used to provide Lepidoptera pest resistance to selected strains of poplar trees. ..
  14. Ishihara A, Kumeda R, Hayashi N, Yagi Y, Sakaguchi N, Kokubo Y, et al. Induced accumulation of tyramine, serotonin, and related amines in response to Bipolaris sorokiniana infection in barley. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2017;81:1090-1098 pubmed publisher
    ..Rice leaves accumulated 2, 3, and 4, whereas foxtail millet leaves accumulated 3 and 4 in response to pathogen attack, suggesting the generality of accumulation of 3 and 4 in the Poaceae species. ..
  15. Xu G, Yuan M, Ai C, Liu L, Zhuang E, Karapetyan S, et al. uORF-mediated translation allows engineered plant disease resistance without fitness costs. Nature. 2017;545:491-494 pubmed publisher
    ..This broadly applicable strategy may lead to decreased pesticide use and reduce the selective pressure for resistant pathogens. ..
  16. Boch J, Bonas U, Lahaye T. TAL effectors--pathogen strategies and plant resistance engineering. New Phytol. 2014;204:823-32 pubmed
    ..In addition, we will provide an outline of the newly established gene isolation approach for TALE or RipTAL host target genes with an emphasis on potential pitfalls. ..
  17. Ellis J, Dodds P. Showdown at the RXLR motif: Serious differences of opinion in how effector proteins from filamentous eukaryotic pathogens enter plant cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:14381-2 pubmed publisher
  18. Kouzai Y, Mochizuki S, Nakajima K, Desaki Y, Hayafune M, Miyazaki H, et al. Targeted gene disruption of OsCERK1 reveals its indispensable role in chitin perception and involvement in the peptidoglycan response and immunity in rice. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2014;27:975-82 pubmed publisher
    ..It is also suggested that OsCERK1 mediates the signaling pathways of both fungal and bacterial molecular patterns by interacting with different LysM-containing receptor-like proteins. ..
  19. Maruta N, Trusov Y, Brenya E, Parekh U, Botella J. Membrane-localized extra-large G proteins and Gbg of the heterotrimeric G proteins form functional complexes engaged in plant immunity in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 2015;167:1004-16 pubmed
    ..We report here that the Gbg dimer directly partners with extra-large G proteins (XLGs) to mediate plant immunity. Arabidopsis mutants deficient in XLGs, Gb, and Gg are similarly compromised in several pathogen defense ..
  20. Shao F, Lu Q, Wilson I, Qiu D. Genome-wide identification and characterization of the SPL gene family in Ziziphus jujuba. Gene. 2017;627:315-321 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide a basis for the further elucidation of the biological function of ZjSPLs and their regulation in witches'-broom disease. ..
  21. Rey T, Schornack S. Interactions of beneficial and detrimental root-colonizing filamentous microbes with plant hosts. Genome Biol. 2013;14:121 pubmed publisher
    ..Recently established systems enable studies of root pathogenic and symbiotic interactions in the same plant species. ..
  22. Kanda Y, Yokotani N, Maeda S, Nishizawa Y, Kamakura T, Mori M. The receptor-like cytoplasmic kinase BSR1 mediates chitin-induced defense signaling in rice cells. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2017;81:1497-1502 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that BSR1 is important for the rice innate immunity triggered by the perception of chitin. ..
  23. Turner T, James E, Poole P. The plant microbiome. Genome Biol. 2013;14:209 pubmed publisher
    ..High-throughput technologies are revealing interactions between these complex communities and their hosts in unprecedented detail. ..
  24. Galindo González L, Mhiri C, Deyholos M, Grandbastien M. LTR-retrotransposons in plants: Engines of evolution. Gene. 2017;626:14-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Nevertheless, the presence of LTR retrotransposons inside genes and as part of gene promoter regions is consistent with their roles as engines of plant genome evolution. ..
  25. Rosli H, Zheng Y, Pombo M, Zhong S, Bombarely A, Fei Z, et al. Transcriptomics-based screen for genes induced by flagellin and repressed by pathogen effectors identifies a cell wall-associated kinase involved in plant immunity. Genome Biol. 2013;14:R139 pubmed publisher
    ..At least 25 of the FIRE genes have been implicated previously in plant immunity. Of the 92 protein kinase-encoding FIRE genes, 33 were subjected to virus-induced gene silencing and their ..
  26. Hillmer R, Tsuda K, Rallapalli G, Asai S, Truman W, Papke M, et al. The highly buffered Arabidopsis immune signaling network conceals the functions of its components. PLoS Genet. 2017;13:e1006639 pubmed publisher
    b>Plant immunity protects plants from numerous potentially pathogenic microbes...
  27. Costa A, Teodoro P, Bhering L, Fornazier M, Andrade J, Martins D, et al. Selection of strawberry cultivars with tolerance to Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) and high yield under different managements. Genet Mol Res. 2017;16: pubmed publisher
    ..The genotype most suitable for growing under different managements is the 'Festival' genotype, since it meets tolerance to T. urticae, high fruit yield, and phenotypic stability. ..
  28. Arasimowicz Jelonek M, Floryszak Wieczorek J. Nitric oxide: an effective weapon of the plant or the pathogen?. Mol Plant Pathol. 2014;15:406-16 pubmed
    ..two decades has revealed that NO is a key signal involved in plant development, abiotic stress responses and plant immunity. During the course of evolutionary changes, microorganisms parasitizing plants have developed highly effective ..
  29. Dickman M, de Figueiredo P. Death be not proud--cell death control in plant fungal interactions. PLoS Pathog. 2013;9:e1003542 pubmed publisher
  30. Pais M, Win J, Yoshida K, Etherington G, Cano L, Raffaele S, et al. From pathogen genomes to host plant processes: the power of plant parasitic oomycetes. Genome Biol. 2013;14:211 pubmed publisher
    ..Recent pathogenomic research on plant parasitic oomycete effector function and plant host responses has resulted in major conceptual advances in plant pathology, which has been possible thanks to the availability of genome sequences. ..
  31. Khafif M, Balagué C, Huard Chauveau C, Roby D. An essential role for the VASt domain of the Arabidopsis VAD1 protein in the regulation of defense and cell death in response to pathogens. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179782 pubmed publisher
  32. Frei dit Frey N, Garcia A, Bigeard J, Zaag R, Bueso E, Garmier M, et al. Functional analysis of Arabidopsis immune-related MAPKs uncovers a role for MPK3 as negative regulator of inducible defences. Genome Biol. 2014;15:R87 pubmed publisher
    ..These data reveal a new set of distinct functions for MPK3, MPK4 and MPK6 and indicate that the plant immune signalling network is choreographed through the interplay of these three interwoven MAPK pathways. ..
  33. Christensen S, Nemchenko A, Park Y, Borrego E, Huang P, Schmelz E, et al. The novel monocot-specific 9-lipoxygenase ZmLOX12 is required to mount an effective jasmonate-mediated defense against Fusarium verticillioides in maize. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2014;27:1263-76 pubmed publisher
    ..This study demonstrates that this unique monocot-specific 9-LOX plays a key role in defense against F. verticillioides in diverse maize tissues and provides genetic evidence that JA is the major defense hormone against this pathogen. ..
  34. Wang J, Qu B, Dou S, Li L, Yin D, Pang Z, et al. The E3 ligase OsPUB15 interacts with the receptor-like kinase PID2 and regulates plant cell death and innate immunity. BMC Plant Biol. 2015;15:49 pubmed publisher
    ..These results reveal that the E3 ligase OsPUB15 interacts directly with the receptor-like kinase PID2 and regulates plant cell death and blast disease resistance. ..
  35. Hatsugai N, Igarashi D, Mase K, Lu Y, Tsuda Y, Chakravarthy S, et al. A plant effector-triggered immunity signaling sector is inhibited by pattern-triggered immunity. EMBO J. 2017;36:2758-2769 pubmed publisher
    ..The properties of EMPIS suggest that information about efficacy of the early immune response is fed back to the immune signaling network, modulating its activity and limiting the fitness cost of unnecessary immune responses. ..
  36. Silva L, Rodrigues R, Pimenta S, Correa J, Araújo M, Bento C, et al. Inheritance of bacterial spot resistance in Capsicum annuum var. annuum. Genet Mol Res. 2017;16: pubmed publisher
    ..The quantitative analysis showed that five genes were the minimum number controlling bacterial spot resistance. Additive effect was higher (6.06) than dominant (3.31) and explained 86.36% of total variation. ..
  37. Xiang J, Li X, Yin L, Liu Y, Zhang Y, Qu J, et al. A candidate RxLR effector from Plasmopara viticola can elicit immune responses in Nicotiana benthamiana. BMC Plant Biol. 2017;17:75 pubmed publisher
    ..These data demonstrate that PvRxLR16 may be recognized by endogenous proteins in nucleus to trigger immune responses in N. benthamiana, which in turn can be suppressed by other PvRxLR effectors. ..
  38. Lloyd S, Schoonbeek H, Trick M, Zipfel C, Ridout C. Methods to study PAMP-triggered immunity in Brassica species. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2014;27:286-95 pubmed publisher
    ..napus cultivars. The assays reported here could have widespread application in B. napus breeding and mapping programs to improve selection for broad-spectrum disease resistance. ..
  39. Garcia A, Ayub N, Fox A, Gómez M, Diéguez M, Pagano E, et al. Alfalfa snakin-1 prevents fungal colonization and probably coevolved with rhizobia. BMC Plant Biol. 2014;14:248 pubmed publisher
  40. Zipfel C, Robatzek S. Pathogen-associated molecular pattern-triggered immunity: veni, vidi...?. Plant Physiol. 2010;154:551-4 pubmed publisher