plant development


Summary: Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.

Top Publications

  1. Ines B, Imed M, Frikha D, Mohamed C, Adele M. Reclaimed municipal wastewater for forage production. Water Sci Technol. 2017;75:1784-1793 pubmed publisher
    ..In this respect, TWW can be used as a valid alternative to freshwater for irrigation of fodder species. ..
  2. Farh M, Kim Y, Sukweenadhi J, Singh P, Yang D. Aluminium resistant, plant growth promoting bacteria induce overexpression of Aluminium stress related genes in Arabidopsis thaliana and increase the ginseng tolerance against Aluminium stress. Microbiol Res. 2017;200:45-52 pubmed publisher
    ..According to the present results, these strains can be used in the future for the cultivation of ginseng in Al-persisted locations. ..
  3. Feng F, Ge J, Li Y, He S, Zhong J, Liu X, et al. Enhanced degradation of chlorpyrifos in rice (Oryza sativa L.) by five strains of endophytic bacteria and their plant growth promotional ability. Chemosphere. 2017;184:505-513 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicate that these isolates are promising bio-inoculants for the removal or detoxification of CP residues in rice plants and grains. ..
  4. Coenen C, Lomax T. Auxin-cytokinin interactions in higher plants: old problems and new tools. Trends Plant Sci. 1997;2:351-6 pubmed
  5. Batool K, Tuz Zahra F, Rehman Y. Arsenic-Redox Transformation and Plant Growth Promotion by Purple Nonsulfur Bacteria Rhodopseudomonas palustris CS2 and Rhodopseudomonas faecalis SS5. Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:6250327 pubmed publisher
    ..7 ± 1.4?cm) increase in shoot length and 33.3% (5.4 ± 0.65?cm) increase in root length as compared to the control plants. Bacteria with such diverse abilities could be ideal for plant growth promotion in As-contaminated sites. ..
  6. Grobelak A, Hiller J. Bacterial siderophores promote plant growth: Screening of catechol and hydroxamate siderophores. Int J Phytoremediation. 2017;19:825-833 pubmed publisher
    ..Siderophores treatment increased the growth of plants in the biological assay, growing on two different soils: one highly contaminated with heavy metals and the second strongly alkaline soil...
  7. Yuan Z, Chen H. Negative effects of fertilization on plant nutrient resorption. Ecology. 2015;96:373-80 pubmed
    ..The response values to fertilization presented in our analysis can help improve biogeochemical models. ..
  8. Scanlon M, Timmermans M. Growth and development: from genes to networks and a mechanistic understanding of plant development. Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2013;16:1-4 pubmed publisher
  9. Penuelas J, Munné Bosch S. Potentially immortal?. New Phytol. 2010;187:564-7 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Pausas J, Keeley J. Evolutionary ecology of resprouting and seeding in fire-prone ecosystems. New Phytol. 2014;204:55-65 pubmed
    ..It accounts for patterns of coexistence and environmental changes that contribute to the evolution of seeding from resprouting ancestors. ..
  2. Schulz P, Herde M, Romeis T. Calcium-dependent protein kinases: hubs in plant stress signaling and development. Plant Physiol. 2013;163:523-30 pubmed publisher
  3. Carlson A, Sibold J, Assal T, Negrón J. Evidence of compounded disturbance effects on vegetation recovery following high-severity wildfire and spruce beetle outbreak. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181778 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that vegetation recovery processes may be negatively impacted by severe spruce beetle outbreaks occurring within a decade of stand-replacing wildfire. ..
  4. Specht C. The rise of evo-devo: Pan-American Society for Evolutionary Developmental Biology sets the stage. Am J Bot. 2016;103:1-4 pubmed publisher
  5. Krejci A, Tennessen J. Metabolism in time and space - exploring the frontier of developmental biology. Development. 2017;144:3193-3198 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, and as we review here, this interdisciplinary meeting provided a valuable forum to explore the interface between developmental biology and metabolism. ..
  6. Sørensen I, Domozych D, Willats W. How have plant cell walls evolved?. Plant Physiol. 2010;153:366-72 pubmed publisher
  7. Gasser C, Dean C. Growth and development: a broad view of fine detail. Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2009;12:1-3 pubmed publisher
  8. Wilson M, Goh T, Voß U, Bishopp A, Peret B, Bennett M. SnapShot: Root development. Cell. 2013;155:1190-1190.e1 pubmed publisher
  9. Steltzer H, Post E. Ecology. Seasons and life cycles. Science. 2009;324:886-7 pubmed publisher
  10. Prasad T, Adam S, Visweswara Rao P, Ravindra Reddy B, Giridhara Krishna T. Size dependent effects of antifungal phytogenic silver nanoparticles on germination, growth and biochemical parameters of rice (Oryza sativa L), maize (Zea mays L) and peanut (Arachis hypogaea L). IET Nanobiotechnol. 2017;11:277-285 pubmed publisher
    ..Further, antifungal activity of AgNPs also evaluated against fungi, Aspergillus niger. ..
  11. Schwinning S, Meckel H, Reichmann L, Polley H, Fay P. Accelerated development in Johnsongrass seedlings (Sorghum halepense) suppresses the growth of native grasses through size-asymmetric competition. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0176042 pubmed publisher
    ..Size-asymmetric competition and resource-pre-emption may be a critical mechanism by which exotic invasive species displace functionally similar native species and alter the functional dynamics of native communities. ..
  12. McCann M, Rose J. Blueprints for building plant cell walls. Plant Physiol. 2010;153:365 pubmed publisher
  13. Schaller G, Voesenek L. Focus on Ethylene. Plant Physiol. 2015;169:1-2 pubmed publisher
  14. Tracy S, Roberts J, Black C, McNeill A, Davidson R, Mooney S. The X-factor: visualizing undisturbed root architecture in soils using X-ray computed tomography. J Exp Bot. 2010;61:311-3 pubmed publisher
  15. Bergmann D, Fleming A. From molecule to model, from environment to evolution: an integrated view of growth and development. Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2010;13:1-4 pubmed publisher
  16. Qin H, Zhang Z, Wang J, Chen X, Wei P, Huang R. The activation of OsEIL1 on YUC8 transcription and auxin biosynthesis is required for ethylene-inhibited root elongation in rice early seedling development. PLoS Genet. 2017;13:e1006955 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, our findings reveal a model of interaction between ethylene and auxin in rice seedling primary root elongation, enhancing our understanding of ethylene signaling in rice. ..
  17. Koziol L, Bever J. Mycorrhizal response trades off with plant growth rate and increases with plant successional status. Ecology. 2015;96:1768-74 pubmed
    ..Because late-successional plants are very responsive to mycorrhizal fungi, our results suggest that fungal community dynamics may be an important driver of plant succession. ..
  18. Fatichi S, Leuzinger S, Korner C. Moving beyond photosynthesis: from carbon source to sink-driven vegetation modeling. New Phytol. 2014;201:1086-95 pubmed publisher
  19. Zeng G, Liu B, Ferguson D, Rohwer J, Yang Y. Floral structure and ontogeny of Syndiclis (Lauraceae). PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0186358 pubmed publisher
    ..This study furthers our understanding of variation and evolution of a few important characters of the Beilschmiedia group and provides essential data for a revised generic classification of the group...
  20. de Zélicourt A, Al Yousif M, Hirt H. Rhizosphere microbes as essential partners for plant stress tolerance. Mol Plant. 2013;6:242-5 pubmed publisher
  21. Berg G, Köberl M, Rybakova D, Müller H, Grosch R, Smalla K. Plant microbial diversity is suggested as the key to future biocontrol and health trends. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2017;93: pubmed publisher
    ..The analysis of plant microbiome data has brought about a paradigm shift in our understanding of its role in health and disease and has substantial consequences for biocontrol and health issues. ..
  22. Zeng J, Dong Z, Wu H, Tian Z, Zhao Z. Redox regulation of plant stem cell fate. EMBO J. 2017;36:2844-2855 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide a mechanistic framework for ROS-mediated control of plant stem cell fate and demonstrate that the balance between O2·- and H2O2 is key to stem cell maintenance and differentiation. ..
  23. Willig M. Ecology. Biodiversity and productivity. Science. 2011;333:1709-10 pubmed publisher
  24. Malik N, Agarwal P, Tyagi A. Emerging functions of multi-protein complex Mediator with special emphasis on plants. Crit Rev Biochem Mol Biol. 2017;52:475-502 pubmed publisher
    ..Mediator regulates various processes related to plant development and is also involved in biotic and abiotic stress response...
  25. Rani R, Kumar V. Endosulfan Degradation by Selected Strains of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2017;99:138-145 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on 16S rDNA analysis, the strains PRB101 and PRB77 exhibited 99% homology with Bacillus sp. KF984414 and Bacillus sp. LN849696, respectively. ..
  26. Ruyters G, Spiero F, Legue V, Palme K. Plant biology in space. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2014;16 Suppl 1:1-3 pubmed publisher
  27. Pu L, Brady S. Systems biology update: cell type-specific transcriptional regulatory networks. Plant Physiol. 2010;152:411-9 pubmed publisher
  28. Morozesk M, Bonomo M, Souza I, Rocha L, Duarte I, Martins I, et al. Effects of humic acids from landfill leachate on plants: An integrated approach using chemical, biochemical and cytogenetic analysis. Chemosphere. 2017;184:309-317 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite all the nutritional benefits of humic acids and their activation of plant antioxidant systems, the observed biological effects showed concerning levels of mutagenicity. ..
  29. Covarrubias A, Cuevas Velazquez C, Romero Pérez P, Rendón Luna D, Chater C. Structural disorder in plant proteins: where plasticity meets sessility. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2017;74:3119-3147 pubmed publisher
  30. Deyanova D, Gullström M, Lyimo L, Dahl M, Hamisi M, Mtolera M, et al. Contribution of seagrass plants to CO2 capture in a tropical seagrass meadow under experimental disturbance. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181386 pubmed publisher
    ..This might in turn have long-lasting and devastating effects on important ecosystem functions, including the carbon sequestration capacity of the seagrass system. ..
  31. Nishijima S, Nishikawa C, Miyashita T. Habitat modification by invasive crayfish can facilitate its growth through enhanced food accessibility. BMC Ecol. 2017;17:37 pubmed publisher
    ..This positive feedback process may explain the crayfish outbreaks and regime shifts occasionally observed in invaded freshwater ecosystems. ..
  32. Rojjanateeranaj P, Sangthong C, Prapagdee B. Enhanced cadmium phytoremediation of Glycine max L. through bioaugmentation of cadmium-resistant bacteria assisted by biostimulation. Chemosphere. 2017;185:764-771 pubmed publisher
    ..max L. is a phytostabilizing plant. We concluded that biostimulation-assisted bioaugmentation is an important strategy for improving cadmium phytoremediation efficiency. ..
  33. Leys B, Commerford J, McLauchlan K. Reconstructing grassland fire history using sedimentary charcoal: Considering count, size and shape. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0176445 pubmed publisher
    ..The fire regimes of grassland systems, including both human and climatic influences on fire behavior, can be characterized by long-term charcoal records. ..
  34. Liu X, Fu J, Tang N, da Silva E, Cao Y, Turner B, et al. Phytate induced arsenic uptake and plant growth in arsenic-hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata. Environ Pollut. 2017;226:212-218 pubmed publisher
    ..As such, the increased As and P and the unsuppressed Fe uptake in PV probably promoted PV growth. Thus, supplying phytate to As-contaminated soils may promote As uptake and growth in PV and its phytoremediation ability. ..
  35. Moulia B. Plant biomechanics and mechanobiology are convergent paths to flourishing interdisciplinary research. J Exp Bot. 2013;64:4617-33 pubmed publisher
  36. Darvill A, Augur C, Bergmann C, Carlson R, Cheong J, Eberhard S, et al. Oligosaccharins--oligosaccharides that regulate growth, development and defence responses in plants. Glycobiology. 1992;2:181-98 pubmed
  37. Harman G. Multifunctional fungal plant symbionts: new tools to enhance plant growth and productivity. New Phytol. 2011;189:647-9 pubmed publisher
  38. Pandey S, Ranade S, Nagar P, Kumar N. Role of polyamines and ethylene as modulators of plant senescence. J Biosci. 2000;25:291-9 pubmed
    ..The present article deals with current advances in the knowledge of the interrelationship between ethylene and PAs during senescence which may open up new vistas of investigation for the future. ..
  39. Penuelas J, Rutishauser T, Filella I. Ecology. Phenology feedbacks on climate change. Science. 2009;324:887-8 pubmed publisher
  40. Skene M. Plant hormones; substances which control plant growth. Bristol Med Chir J (1883). 1946;63:125-31 pubmed
  41. Ainsworth E, Bush D. Carbohydrate export from the leaf: a highly regulated process and target to enhance photosynthesis and productivity. Plant Physiol. 2011;155:64-9 pubmed publisher
  42. Tjørve K, Tjørve E. The use of Gompertz models in growth analyses, and new Gompertz-model approach: An addition to the Unified-Richards family. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0178691 pubmed publisher
  43. Li W, Lacey R, Ye Y, Lu J, Yeh K, Xiao Y, et al. Triplin, a small molecule, reveals copper ion transport in ethylene signaling from ATX1 to RAN1. PLoS Genet. 2017;13:e1006703 pubmed publisher
  44. Greenwood J, Finnegan E, Watanabe N, Trevaskis B, Swain S. New alleles of the wheat domestication gene Q reveal multiple roles in growth and reproductive development. Development. 2017;144:1959-1965 pubmed publisher
  45. Nezames C, Deng X. The COP9 signalosome: its regulation of cullin-based E3 ubiquitin ligases and role in photomorphogenesis. Plant Physiol. 2012;160:38-46 pubmed publisher
  46. Geras kin S, Churyukin R, Volkova P. Radiation exposure of barley seeds can modify the early stages of plants' development. J Environ Radioact. 2017;177:71-83 pubmed publisher
    ..The experimental data on the effect of ?-irradiation on seedlings development were significantly better explained by mathematical models that take into account the hormetic effect. ..
  47. Zhang X, Johnston E, Barberan A, Ren Y, Lu X, Han X. Decreased plant productivity resulting from plant group removal experiment constrains soil microbial functional diversity. Glob Chang Biol. 2017;23:4318-4332 pubmed publisher
  48. Kirschbaum M. Does enhanced photosynthesis enhance growth? Lessons learned from CO2 enrichment studies. Plant Physiol. 2011;155:117-24 pubmed publisher
  49. Pogorelko G, Lionetti V, Bellincampi D, Zabotina O. Cell wall integrity: targeted post-synthetic modifications to reveal its role in plant growth and defense against pathogens. Plant Signal Behav. 2013;8: pubmed publisher
    ..In this review, we present a short overview of cell wall composition and discuss post-synthetic cell wall modification as a valuable approach for studying CWI perception and signaling pathways. ..
  50. Lee S, Morishita Y. Possible roles of mechanical cell elimination intrinsic to growing tissues from the perspective of tissue growth efficiency and homeostasis. PLoS Comput Biol. 2017;13:e1005651 pubmed publisher
  51. Coen O, Fiume E, Xu W, De Vos D, Lu J, Pechoux C, et al. Developmental patterning of the sub-epidermal integument cell layer in Arabidopsis seeds. Development. 2017;144:1490-1497 pubmed publisher
    ..This work demonstrates the different responses of epidermal and sub-epidermal integument cell layers to fertilization. ..
  52. Morita M, Shimada T. The plant endomembrane system--a complex network supporting plant development and physiology. Plant Cell Physiol. 2014;55:667-71 pubmed publisher
  53. Reinhart K, Rinella M. A common soil handling technique can generate incorrect estimates of soil biota effects on plants. New Phytol. 2016;210:786-9 pubmed publisher
  54. Simonini S, Stephenson P, Østergaard L. A molecular framework controlling style morphology in Brassicaceae. Development. 2018;145: pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that variation in affinities between conserved TFs can lead to morphological differences and thus contribute to the evolution of diverse organ shapes. ..
  55. Kubota A, Ito S, Shim J, Johnson R, Song Y, Breton G, et al. TCP4-dependent induction of CONSTANS transcription requires GIGANTEA in photoperiodic flowering in Arabidopsis. PLoS Genet. 2017;13:e1006856 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, our results demonstrate a novel function of CIN-TCPs as photoperiodic flowering regulators, which may contribute to coordinating plant development with flowering regulation.
  56. Thomas F, Vesk P. Are trait-growth models transferable? Predicting multi-species growth trajectories between ecosystems using plant functional traits. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0176959 pubmed publisher
    ..We believe there is evidence to suggest that growth trajectories themselves may be fundamentally different between ecosystems and that trait-height-growth relationships may change over environmental gradients. ..
  57. Vernoux T, Wilson R, Seeley K, Reichheld J, Muroy S, Brown S, et al. The ROOT MERISTEMLESS1/CADMIUM SENSITIVE2 gene defines a glutathione-dependent pathway involved in initiation and maintenance of cell division during postembryonic root development. Plant Cell. 2000;12:97-110 pubmed
    ..These observations suggest the existence of a GSH-dependent developmental pathway essential for initiation and maintenance of cell division during postembryonic root development. ..
  58. Ringli C. Monitoring the outside: cell wall-sensing mechanisms. Plant Physiol. 2010;153:1445-52 pubmed publisher
  59. Sharrock S. The biodiversity benefits of botanic gardens. Trends Ecol Evol. 2011;26:433; author reply 434-5 pubmed publisher
  60. Holec S, Berger F. Polycomb group complexes mediate developmental transitions in plants. Plant Physiol. 2012;158:35-43 pubmed publisher
  61. Baran A, Tarnawski M. Phytotoxkit/Phytotestkit and Microtox® as tools for toxicity assessment of sediments. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2013;98:19-27 pubmed
    ..Most of the pore water samples (71 percent) were also classified as class II. ..
  62. Pyšek P, Manceur A, Alba C, McGregor K, Pergl J, Stajerová K, et al. Naturalization of central European plants in North America: species traits, habitats, propagule pressure, residence time. Ecology. 2015;96:762-74 pubmed
  63. Xu X, Kathare P, Pham V, Bu Q, Nguyen A, Huq E. Reciprocal proteasome-mediated degradation of PIFs and HFR1 underlies photomorphogenic development in Arabidopsis. Development. 2017;144:1831-1840 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these data uncover a co-degradation mechanism between PIFs and HFR1 that underlies photomorphogenic development in Arabidopsis thaliana. ..
  64. Rizvi A, Khan M. Biotoxic impact of heavy metals on growth, oxidative stress and morphological changes in root structure of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and stress alleviation by Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain CPSB1. Chemosphere. 2017;185:942-952 pubmed publisher
    ..Due to these, P. aeruginosa CPSB1 could be used as bioinoculant for enhancing wheat production even in metal contaminated soils. ..
  65. Gamborg O, Miller R, Ojima K. Nutrient requirements of suspension cultures of soybean root cells. Exp Cell Res. 1968;50:151-8 pubmed
  66. Tsugawa S, Hervieux N, Kierzkowski D, Routier Kierzkowska A, Sapala A, Hamant O, et al. Clones of cells switch from reduction to enhancement of size variability in Arabidopsis sepals. Development. 2017;144:4398-4405 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, we find that, at early stages, fast growing clones exhibit greater cell growth heterogeneity. Thus, cellular variability in growth might contribute to a decrease in the variability of clones throughout the sepal. ..
  67. Brown A. Circumnutations: from Darwin to space flights. Plant Physiol. 1993;101:345-8 pubmed
  68. Aphalo P. On how to disentangle the contribution of different organs and processes to the growth of whole plants. J Exp Bot. 2010;61:626-8 pubmed publisher
  69. Zhu X, Li B, Ma C, Zhu C, Wu L, Liu H. Late Neolithic phytolith and charcoal records of human activities and vegetation change in Shijiahe culture, Tanjialing site, China. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177287 pubmed publisher
    ..From c, 4200 cal BP, severe drought eroded the economic foundation of rice-cultivation. These conditions forced people to abandon the Shijiahe ancient city to find water in other regions, leading to the collapse of the Shijiahe culture. ..
  70. Sun T. Gibberellin-GID1-DELLA: a pivotal regulatory module for plant growth and development. Plant Physiol. 2010;154:567-70 pubmed publisher
  71. Ashraf M, Hussain I, Rasheed R, Iqbal M, Riaz M, Arif M. Advances in microbe-assisted reclamation of heavy metal contaminated soils over the last decade: A review. J Environ Manage. 2017;198:132-143 pubmed publisher
    ..The central part of this review deals with the recent advances in microbial assisted-phytoremediation of metals. ..
  72. Walbot V. Open questions: reflections on plant development and genetics. BMC Biol. 2013;11:25 pubmed publisher
  73. Mills A, Milewski A, Snyman D, Jordaan J. Effects of anabolic and catabolic nutrients on woody plant encroachment after long-term experimental fertilization in a South African savanna. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179848 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings, based on more than six decades of experimentation, may have global significance for the theoretical understanding of changes in vegetation structure and thus the practical control of invasive woody plants. ..
  74. Tiburcio A, Altabella T, Bitrián M, Alcázar R. The roles of polyamines during the lifespan of plants: from development to stress. Planta. 2014;240:1-18 pubmed publisher
    ..products of PA oxidation (hydrogen peroxide and ?-aminobutyric acid) are required for different processes in plant development and participate in abiotic and biotic stress responses...
  75. Koerner S, Burkepile D, Fynn R, Burns C, Eby S, Govender N, et al. Plant community response to loss of large herbivores differs between North American and South African savanna grasslands. Ecology. 2014;95:808-16 pubmed
    ..Thus, the diversity of large herbivores lost may be less important in determining plant community dynamics than the functional traits of the grasses that dominate mesic, disturbance-maintained savanna grasslands. ..
  76. Wang L, Ji B, Hu Y, Liu R, Sun W. A review on in situ phytoremediation of mine tailings. Chemosphere. 2017;184:594-600 pubmed publisher
    ..Emphasis is placed on the types and characteristics of tolerant plants and their role in phytoremediation. Moreover, the role of microorganisms and their mechanism in phytoremediation are also discussed in-depth. ..
  77. Gornish E, Lennox M, Lewis D, Tate K, Jackson R. Comparing herbaceous plant communities in active and passive riparian restoration. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0176338 pubmed publisher
  78. Cai D, Xiao Y, Yang W, Ye W, Wang B, Younas M, et al. Association mapping of six yield?related traits in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Theor Appl Genet. 2014;127:85-96 pubmed
    ..The combination of favorable alleles of multiple associated markers significantly enhances trait performance, illustrating a great potential of utilization of the associations in rapeseed breeding programs. ..
  79. Lumba S, Holbrook Smith D, McCourt P. The perception of strigolactones in vascular plants. Nat Chem Biol. 2017;13:599-606 pubmed publisher
    Small-molecule hormones play central roles in plant development, ranging from cellular differentiation and organ formation to developmental response instruction in changing environments...
  80. Smith L, Reynolds H. Plant-soil feedbacks shift from negative to positive with decreasing light in forest understory species. Ecology. 2015;96:2523-32 pubmed
    ..Results indicate that abiotic context can fundamentally alter the role of PSF in structuring plant communities. ..